A TETRACYCLINE with a 7-chloro substitution.
A TETRACYCLINE analog isolated from the actinomycete STREPTOMYCES rimosus and used in a wide variety of clinical conditions.
A TETRACYCLINE analog having a 7-chloro and a 6-methyl. Because it is excreted more slowly than TETRACYCLINE, it maintains effective blood levels for longer periods of time.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
A sulfanilamide anti-infective agent. It has a spectrum of antimicrobial action similar to other sulfonamides.
The structural and functional changes by which SPERMATOZOA become capable of oocyte FERTILIZATION. It normally requires exposing the sperm to the female genital tract for a period of time to bring about increased SPERM MOTILITY and the ACROSOME REACTION before fertilization in the FALLOPIAN TUBES can take place.
Closely congeneric derivatives of the polycyclic naphthacenecarboxamide. (Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1117)
An actinomycete from which the antibiotic CHLORTETRACYCLINE is obtained.
A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.
The cap-like structure covering the anterior portion of SPERM HEAD. Acrosome, derived from LYSOSOMES, is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the required hydrolytic and proteolytic enzymes necessary for sperm penetration of the egg in FERTILIZATION.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces fradiae. The drug is effective against many microorganisms in animals but not in humans.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
An antibacterial agent that has been used in veterinary practice for treating swine dysentery and enteritis and for promoting growth. However, its use has been prohibited in the UK following reports of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p125)
Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TETRACYCLINE which inhibits aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit during protein synthesis.
Changes that occur to liberate the enzymes of the ACROSOME of a sperm (SPERMATOZOA). Acrosome reaction allows the sperm to penetrate the ZONA PELLUCIDA and enter the OVUM during FERTILIZATION.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.
The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE. Members contain aculeatin D, beta-sitosterol, and STIGMASTEROL. Some members have been reclassified to ELETTARIA and other ZINGIBERACEAE.
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
Infection by roundworms of the superfamily TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA, including the genera TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; OSTERTAGIA; Cooperia, HAEMONCHUS; Nematodirus, Hyostrongylus, and DICTYOCAULUS.
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class primarily found in PLANTS. It catalyzes reactions between linoleate and other fatty acids and oxygen to form hydroperoxy-fatty acid derivatives.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
An antibacterial growth promoter used in animal feeds.
A compound used to treat histomoniasis in poultry.
A veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).

Sperm-oviduct interaction: induction of capacitation and preferential binding of uncapacitated spermatozoa to oviductal epithelial cells in porcine species. (1/226)

After mating, inseminated spermatozoa are transported to the oviduct. They attach to and interact with oviductal epithelial cells (OEC). To investigate sperm-OEC interactions, we used chlortetracycline to study the capacitation status of boar spermatozoa in coculture with homologous OEC and cells of nonreproductive origin (LLC-PK1, porcine kidney epithelial cell line). Boar spermatozoa were cocultured with OEC and LLC-PK1 cells for 15, 60, 120, or 240 min. The proportion of capacitated spermatozoa in coculture with the isthmic and ampullar cells increased significantly (p < 0.05) during incubation. However, most spermatozoa in coculture with LLC-PK1 cells or blank (medium only) remained uncapacitated. In addition, preferential binding of uncapacitated, capacitated, or acrosome-reacted boar spermatozoa to OEC and the other cell type was investigated. Our approach was to vary the proportions of uncapacitated, capacitated, or acrosome-reacted boar spermatozoa in suspension using long preincubation and lysophosphatidylcholine treatment of semen prior to a very short incubation with OEC or LLC-PK1 cells. The results showed that the majority of spermatozoa that were bound to OEC or LLC-PK1 cells were uncapacitated and that a significant relationship existed between the relative proportion of uncapacitated spermatozoa in the control samples and those bound to LLC-PK1 cells (r2 = 0.43, p < 0.005). However, there was no correlation between the proportion of uncapacitated spermatozoa in the control samples and the proportion of those bound to isthmic or ampullar cells. In conclusion, the results clearly demonstrated the specific nature of the sperm-OEC interaction in the porcine species. This interaction is initiated by uncapacitated spermatozoa binding to OEC and is continued by the induction of capacitation in cocultured spermatozoa.  (+info)

Effects of oral chlortetracycline and dietary protein level on plasma concentrations of growth hormone and thyroid hormones in beef steers before and after challenge with a combination of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and growth hormone-releasing hormone. (2/226)

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a subtherapeutic level of chlortetracycline (CTC) fed to growing beef steers under conditions of limited and adequate dietary protein on plasma concentrations of GH, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid hormones before and after an injection of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) + GHRH. Young beef steers (n = 32; average BW = 285 kg) were assigned to a 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments of either a 10 or 13% crude protein diet (70% concentrate, 15% wheat straw, and 15% cottonseed hulls) and either a corn meal carrier or carrier + 350 mg of CTC daily top dressed on the diet. Steers were fed ad libitum amounts of diet for 56 d, and a jugular catheter was then placed in each steer in four groups (two steers from each treatment combination per group) during four consecutive days (one group per day). Each steer was injected via the jugular catheter with 1.0 microg/kg BW TRH + .1 microg/kg BW GHRH in 10 mL of saline at 0800. Blood samples were collected at -30, -15, 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60, 120, 240, and 360 min after releasing hormone injection. Plasma samples were analyzed for GH, TSH, thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3). After 84 d on trial, the steers were slaughtered and the pituitary and samples of liver were collected and analyzed for 5'-deiodinase activity. Feeding CTC attenuated the GH response to releasing hormone challenge by 26% for both area under the response curve (P<.03) and peak response (P<.10). Likewise, CTC attenuated the TSH response to releasing hormone challenge for area under the response curve by 16% (P<.10) and peak response by 33% (P<.02), and attenuated the T4 response for area under the curve by 12% (P<.08) and peak response by 14% (P<.04). Type II deiodinase activity in the pituitary was 36% less (P<.02) in CTC-fed steers than in steers not fed CTC. The results of this study are interpreted to suggest that feeding subtherapeutic levels of CTC to young growing beef cattle attenuates the release of GH and TSH in response to pituitary releasing hormones, suggesting a mechanism by which CTC may influence tissue deposition in cattle.  (+info)

Intracellular divalent cation release in pancreatic acinar cells during stimulus-secretion coupling. I. Use of chlorotetracycline as fluorescent probe. (3/226)

Stimulus-secretion coupling in pancreatic exocrine cells was studied using dissociated acini, prepared from mouse pancreas, and chlorotetracycline (CTC), a fluorescent probe which forms highly fluorescent complexes with Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions bound to membranes. Acini, preloaded by incubation with CTC (100 microM), displayed a fluorescence having spectral properties like that of CTC complexed to calcium (excitation and emission maxima at 398 and 527 nm, respectively). Stimulation with either bethanechol or caerulein resulted in a rapid loss of fluorescence intensity and an increase in outflux of CTC from the acini. After 5 min of stimulation, acini fluorescence had been reduced by 40% and appeared to be that of CTC complexed to Mg2+ (excitation and emission maxima at 393 and 521 nm, respectively). The fluorescence loss induced by bethanechol was blocked by atropine and was seen at all agonist concentrations that elicited amylase release. Maximal fluorescence loss, however, required a bethanechol concentration three times greater than that needed for maximal amylase release. In contrast, acini preloaded with ANS or oxytetracycline, probes that are relatively insensitive to membrane-bound divalent cations, displayed no secretagogue-induced fluorescence changes. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that CTC is able to probe some set of intracellular membranes which release calcium during secretory stimulation and that this release results in dissociation of Ca(2+)-complexed CTC.  (+info)

Intracellular divalent cation release in pancreatic acinar cells during stimulus-secretion coupling. II. Subcellular localization of the fluorescent probe chlorotetracycline. (4/226)

Subcellular distribution of the divalent cation-sensitive probe chlorotetracycline (CTC) was observed by fluorescence microscopy in isolated pancreatic acinar cells, dissociated hepatocytes, rod photoreceptors, and erythrocytes. In each cell type, areas containing membranes fluoresced intensely while areas containing no membranes (nuclei and zymogen granules) were not fluorescent. Cell compartments packed with rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi vesicles (acinar cells) or plasma membrane-derived membranes (rod outer segments) exhibited a uniform fluorescence. In contrast, cell compartments having large numbers of mitochondria (hepatocytes and the rod inner segment) exhibited a punctate fluorescence. Punctate fluorescence was prominent in the perinuclear and peri-granular areas of isolated acinar cells during CTC efflux, suggesting that under these conditions mitochondrial fluorescence may account for a large portion of acinar cell fluorescence. Fluorometry of dissociated pancreatic acini, preloaded with CTC, showed that application of the mitochondrial inhibitors antimycin A, NaCN, rotenone, or C1CCP, or of the divalent cation ionophore A23187 (all agents known to release mitochondrial calcium) rapidly decreased the fluorescence of acini. In the case of mitochondrial inhibitors, this response could be elicited before but not following the loss of CTC fluorescence induced by bethanechol stimulation. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ and Mg2+ or addition of EDTA also decreased fluorescence but did not prevent secretagogues or mitochondrial inhibitors from eliciting a further response. These data suggest that bethanechol acts to decrease CTC fluorescence at the same intracellular site as do mitochondrial inhibitors. This could be due to release of calcium from either mitochondria or another organelle that requires ATP to sequester calcium.  (+info)

Effect of feed intake on antimicrobially induced increases in porcine serum insulin-like growth factor I. (5/226)

This study was conducted to determine whether an antimicrobially induced (ASP-250) increase in serum IGF-I was the result of differences in feed intake. Serum IGF-I concentrations were measured in crossbred pigs that were fed a control diet or a diet supplemented with ASP-250 either for ad libitum consumption or limited to 85% of the control pigs' consumption. The pigs that consumed either diet ad libitum, control or ASP-250, consumed similar quantities of feed. The ASP-250 ad libitum-intake pigs had serum IGF-I concentrations that were greater (P<.01) than those of their ad libitum-intake control littermates. Similarly, the ASP-250 limit-fed pigs had serum IGF-I concentrations that were greater (P<.01) than those of the controls. Although the serum IGF-I concentrations of pigs fed the ASP-250-supplemented diet for ad libitum intake were greater than the serum IGF-I concentrations of the pigs limit-fed the ASP-250-supplemented diet, the differences were not significant (P<.08). The ASP-250-fed pigs had higher serum IGF binding protein (BP)-3 concentrations than did their control littermates (P<.003). A time course of antimicrobially induced alterations in serum IGF-I concentrations revealed that the effect of increased serum IGF-I levels in ASP-250-supplemented pigs (P<.02) was observed within 4 d and was maintained throughout the 4-wk study. These findings show that feed intake is not responsible for the increase in serum IGF-I observed with ASP-250 supplementation. Additionally, the antimicrobially induced increase in serum IGF-I concentrations occurs within a few days after initiation of the treatment.  (+info)

Effects of preshipping vs. arrival medication with tilmicosin phosphate and feeding chlortetracycline on health and performance of newly received beef cattle. (6/226)

Our objective was to determine the effects of preshipping (PRE) vs. arrival (ARR) medication with tilmicosin phosphate (MIC; Exp. 1 and 2) and feeding chlortetracycline (CTC; 22 mg/kg of BW from d 5 to 9; Exp. 2) on health and performance of beef calves received in the feedlot. Ninety-six steers (Exp. 1; pay weight 236 kg) and 240 (Exp. 2; average pay weight 188 kg) steer and bull calves were used. For Exp. 1, treatments included no MIC (CON), PRE, and ARR. For Exp. 2, treatments were arranged in a 3x2 factorial. Treatments included CON, PRE, and ARR, either with CTC or without CTC. For Exp. 2, serum concentrations of immunoglobulin (Ig)G and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) were determined on samples collected on d 0, 5, 10, and 28 and d 0, 5, and 10, respectively. No MIC x CTC interactions were observed. No differences were noted among MIC or CTC treatments in any of the experiments for ADG, daily DMI, or gain:feed ratio for the overall receiving periods. For Exp. 1, percentage of steers treated for bovine respiratory disease (BRD) was decreased (P<.05) for MIC-treated animals vs CON (71.9, 45.2, and 46.9 for CON, PRE, and ARR, respectively), and the week that calves were treated for BRD differed (P<.10) among treatments. For Exp. 2, the number of calves treated for BRD was decreased (P<.01) for MIC-treated steers vs CON and decreased (P<.05) for ARR vs. PRE (40.0, 18.7, and 7.5% for CON, PRE, and ARR, respectively). Averaged across days, serum IgG was decreased (P<.05) for MIC-treated steers vs. CON, with no differences noted among treatments for AGP. Results suggest that preshipping medication programs are no more effective than arrival medication programs using tilmicosin phosphate.  (+info)

Effects of temperature on calcium-sensitive fluorescent probes. (7/226)

The effect of temperature on the binding equilibria of calcium-sensing dyes has been extensively studied, but there are also important temperature-related changes in the photophysics of the dyes that have been largely ignored. We conducted a systematic study of thermal effects on five calcium-sensing dyes under calcium-saturated and calcium-free conditions. Quin-2, chlortetracycline, calcium green dextran, Indo-1, and Fura-2 all show temperature-dependent effects on fluorescence in all or part of the range tested (5-40 degrees C). Specifically, the intensity of the single-wavelength dyes increased at low temperature. The ratiometric dyes, because of variable effects at the two wavelengths, showed, in general, a reduction in the fluorescence ratio as temperature decreased. Changes in viscosity, pH, oxygen quenching, or fluorescence maxima could not fully explain the effects of temperature on fluorescence. The excited-state lifetimes of the dyes were determined, in both the presence and absence of calcium, using multifrequency phase-modulation fluorimetry. In most cases, low temperature led to prolonged fluorescence lifetimes. The increase in lifetimes at reduced temperature is probably largely responsible for the effects of temperature on the physical properties of the calcium-sensing dyes. Clearly, these temperature effects can influence reported calcium concentrations and must therefore be taken into consideration during any investigation involving variable temperatures.  (+info)

Rifaximin versus chlortetracycline in the short-term treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. (8/226)

BACKGROUND: Bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine is a condition characterized by nutrient malabsorption due to an excessive number of bacteria in the lumen of the small intestine. Current treatment is based on empirical courses of broad spectrum antibiotics; few controlled data, with respect to the duration and choice of antibiotic drug, exist at present. The recent availability of rifaximin, a non-absorbable rifamycin derivative, highly effective against anaerobic bacteria, prompted us to carry out a randomized, double-blind controlled trial in order to compare its efficacy and tolerability to those of tetracycline, currently considered the first-choice drug. METHODS: In 21 patients affected by small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, fasting, peak and total H2 excretion after ingestion of 50 g glucose and severity of symptoms were evaluated before and after a 7-day course of rifaximin, 1200 mg/day (400 mg t.d.s.), or chlortetracycline, 1 g/day (333 mg t.d.s. ). RESULTS: Fasting, peak and total H2 excretion decreased significantly in the group of patients treated with rifaximin whereas chlortetracycline did not modify these parameters. The H2 breath test normalized in 70% of patients after rifaximin and in 27% of patients after chlortetracycline. The improvement in symptoms was significantly higher in patients treated with rifaximin. CONCLUSIONS: Rifaximin is a promising, easily-handled and safe drug for the short-term treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.  (+info)

Looking for online definition of chlortetracycline or what chlortetracycline stands for? chlortetracycline is listed in the Worlds largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms
TY - JOUR. T1 - Stimulus secretion coupling in the exocrine pancreas. T2 - use of the fluorescent probe chlorotetracycline to detect divalent cation redistribution. AU - Chandler, D. E.. PY - 1976/1/1. Y1 - 1976/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017254971&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017254971&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0017254971. VL - 35. SP - No. 2185. JO - Federation Proceedings. JF - Federation Proceedings. SN - 0014-9446. IS - 3. ER - ...
[150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Feed Chlortetracycline Industry 2016 Market Research Report report by QYResearch Group. The Global Feed Chlortetracycline Industry 2016 Market Research Report is...
inproceedings{2127976, abstract = {Yeast-extracts derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be used as feed additive to improve animal health by promoting intestinal flora and by stimulating the immune system (Patterson, 2005). The impact of such feed additives on intestinal absorption of antibiotics has however not been described yet. T-2 toxin is an emerging Fusarium mycotoxin, that can be present as feed contaminant and for which it is known it disturbs the intestinal integrity. It was therefore the aim of the present study to determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of orally administered chlortetracycline in pigs after intake of 100 {\textmu}g/kg T-2 toxin contaminated feed whether or not supplemented with a commercially available yeast-extract feed additive. Twenty-four 9-week-old pigs (Landrace) were randomized into a control group (n = 6) and three experimental groups (each n = 6). After an acclimatization period of one week, the groups were given respectively blank feed (control ...
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , BioBasic \ Chlortetracycline, hydrochloride \ CB0297 for more molecular products just contact us
In this study a self-fed, urea-molasses mixture is being compared to molasses self-fed plus 1.3 pounds of soybean meal in an effort to determine if a urea-molasses mixture self-fed on dry grass will serve as an adequate source of protein and energy. Another phase of the experiment is to determine if aureomycin will improve the performance of calves wintered outside exposed to the hazards of winter weather ...
The effect of aureomycin at levels of 2, 5, 20 and 50 parts per million was observed in the case of about 50 bacterial spp. isolated from marine sources.. Seventy per cent. of the bacteria were sensitive to 5 p.p.m. or lesser concentration of the antibiotic. The cocci were more resistant than the Gramnegative rods while sensitivity to aureomycin varied greatly in theBacillus. The lag period before visible growth occurred on agar slopes at room temperature usually varied from 1/2 to 4 days.. Plate counts of fresh fish slime on aureomycin containing agar showed a reduction to 1/3rd at 2 p.p.m. and to 1/25th at 5 p.p.m. level. In the case of the sea-water the count was reduced to 1/5th at 2 p.p.m. and to 1/20th at 5 p.p.m. levels.. The probable implication of these observations on the use of aureomycin in ices and in initial dips for preservation of fish is discussed.. ...
Learn about Aureomycin 90 Granular for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and storage information.
Learn about Aureomycin Soluble Powder Concentrate for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and storage information.
Egusa, H, Ellepola, ANB, Nikawa, H, Hamada, T and Samaranayake, LP (2000) Exposure to subtherapeutic concentrations of polyene antifungals suppresses the adherence of Candida species to denture acrylic. Chemotherapy, 46 4: 267-274. doi:10.1159/000007298 ...
Internal links within this website are funded and maintained by the Beef Checkoff. All other outgoing links are to websites maintained by third parties. Read more ,,, ...
2008-06-01 Resumen en español La refrigeración y criopreservación de los espermatozoides reducen o interrumpen su actividad metabólica y alargan su viabilidad, pero la capacitación espermática (CE) inducida en el semen de carnero puede reducir la fertildad. Para determinar el grado de inducción de la CE y el efecto en la motilidad progresiva (MP), se evaluaron muestras de semen fresco [baño maría a 36 °C por 3 (F3) y 6 h (F6)]; refrigerado [5 °C por 3 (R3), 6 (R6) y 24 h (R24)]; y congelado (mas) [(CON) en N líquido]. Cinco eyaculados de cada uno de tres carneros jóvenes y tres adultos por raza (Pelibuey y Blackbelly), se diluyeron en solución citrato-yema y se dividieron en tres alícuotas. Se determinaron los porcentajes de MP y de espermatozoides capacitados con acrosoma intacto (patrón B) y reacción acrosomal (patrón RA), estos dos últimos por duplicado con el ensayo de la clortetraciclina. El modelo estadístico para evaluar MP incluyó efectos fijos de tipo-tiempo de ...
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Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor: KEP.20/MEN/2003 Tentang Klasifikasi Obat Ikan. Antibiotika tersebut di bawah ini serta derivat-derivat dan garam-garamnya : 1. Albucid, sodium; 2. Ampicillin, sodium; 3. Ampicillin Thrihydrate; 4. Aureomycin; 5. Bacitracin; 6. Carbenicilin disodium; 7. Cephaloridine; 8. Chlortetracycline; 9. Cloxacillin, sodium; 10. Colistin Sulfate; 11. Cycloserine; 12. Doxycline Hyclate; 13. Emtrysidina; 14.…
Kanwar N, Scott HM, Norby B, Loneragan GH, Vinasco J, McGowan M, Cottell JL, Chengappa MM, Bai J, Boerlin P. Effects of ceftiofur and chlortetracycline treatment strategies on antimicrobial susceptibility and on tet(A), tet(B), and bla CMY-2 resistance genes among E. coli isolated from the feces of feedlot cattle. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e80575 ...
Antibiotics first arrived on the medical scene in 1932 thanks to Gerhard Domagk;[25] and were coined the wonder drugs. The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to the mortality rate from pneumonia in the U.S. to drop from 0.2% each year to 0.05% by 1939.[26] Antibiotics inhibit the growth or the metabolic activities of bacteria and other microorganisms by a chemical substance of microbial origin. Penicillin, introduced a few years later, provided a broader spectrum of activity compared to sulfa drugs and reduced side effects. Streptomycin, found in 1942, proved to be the first drug effective against the cause of tuberculosis and also came to be the best known of a long series of important antibiotics. A second generation of antibiotics was introduced in the 1940s: aureomycin and chloramphenicol. Aureomycin was the best known of the second generation. Lithium was discovered in the 19th century for nervous disorders and its possible mood-stabilizing or prophylactic effect; it was cheap and easily ...
Antibiotics first arrived on the medical scene in 1932 thanks to Gerhard Domagk;[25] and were coined the wonder drugs. The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to the mortality rate from pneumonia in the U.S. to drop from 0.2% each year to 0.05% by 1939.[26] Antibiotics inhibit the growth or the metabolic activities of bacteria and other microorganisms by a chemical substance of microbial origin. Penicillin, introduced a few years later, provided a broader spectrum of activity compared to sulfa drugs and reduced side effects. Streptomycin, found in 1942, proved to be the first drug effective against the cause of tuberculosis and also came to be the best known of a long series of important antibiotics. A second generation of antibiotics was introduced in the 1940s: aureomycin and chloramphenicol. Aureomycin was the best known of the second generation. Lithium was discovered in the 19th century for nervous disorders and its possible mood-stabilizing or prophylactic effect; it was cheap and easily ...
Antibiotics first arrived on the medical scene in 1932 thanks to Gerhard Domagk;[25] and were coined the wonder drugs. The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to the mortality rate from pneumonia in the U.S. to drop from 0.2% each year to 0.05% by 1939.[26] Antibiotics inhibit the growth or the metabolic activities of bacteria and other microorganisms by a chemical substance of microbial origin. Penicillin, introduced a few years later, provided a broader spectrum of activity compared to sulfa drugs and reduced side effects. Streptomycin, found in 1942, proved to be the first drug effective against the cause of tuberculosis and also came to be the best known of a long series of important antibiotics. A second generation of antibiotics was introduced in the 1940s: aureomycin and chloramphenicol. Aureomycin was the best known of the second generation. Lithium was discovered in the 19th century for nervous disorders and its possible mood-stabilizing or prophylactic effect; it was cheap and easily ...
PNEUMOCOCCIC meningitis is well known as one of the most serious forms of bacterial meningitis. Before the sulfonamides were used pneumococcic meningitis was al
Eileen Hyde and Lynda Morgan (grades 10 & 11) did a project showing how the power of prayer can unlock the latent genes in bacteria, allowing them to microevolve antibiotic resistance. Escherichia coli bacteria cultured in agar filled petri dishes were subjected to the antibiotics tetracycline and chlorotetracycline. The bacteria cultures were divided into two groups, one group (A) received prayer while the other (B) didnt. The prayer was as follows: Dear Lord, please allow the bacteria in Group A to unlock the antibiotic-resistant genes that You saw fit to give them at the time of Creation. Amen. The process was repeated for five generations, with the prayer being given at the start of each generation. In the end, Group A was significantly more resistant than Group B to both antibiotics ...
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The literature examining the impact of antimicrobial use in food animals on the development of resistance is not large but is consistent with what would be anticipated by extrapolating from resistance studies performed with human populations. Levy et al28 examined the effect of chlortetracycline in feed on the intestinal flora of chickens and farm dwellers. Using a controlled experimental design, chickens were divided into 2 groups: the experimental group received feed that contained subtherapeutic doses of oxytetracycline, and the control group received feed without the drug. After 2 weeks, 90% of the experimental chickens excreted 100% resistant organisms. Multidrug resistance developed as well (resistance to sulfonamides, streptomycin, ampicillin, and carbenicillin); by 12 weeks, almost two thirds of the experimental chickens excreted organisms that were resistant to more than tetracycline, and greater than one quarter were resistant to all 4 antimicrobials. Chickens in the control group, ...
Seventy-two pigs were used. They averaged about 50 pounds each at the start of the experiment. During the first 28 days the pigs that received a diet containing Aureo S.P.-250 (100 gms. Chlortetracycline, 100 gms ...
Antibiotic and feed additive for livestock. For control of bacterial pneumonia associated with shipping fever complex caused by Pasteurella spp.; Control of active infection of anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale susceptible to chlortetracycline; Treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by Escherichia coli and bacterial pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida ...
AdvaCare Pharma is a GMP manufacturer and supplier of Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments. Our facilities located in India and China are WHO GMP and ISO certified.
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If possible, and patients experience with abortive sleep could help to ascertained and corrected. Ses in some lo- 1v monftor cales it may be found in chapters higher risk. Carbamazepine. Readers are referred to their fitness for the individual patient. It was doses of cyclosporine toxicity: Tional zap proteins cannot be over- penamaldic acid. Their solubility in vitro biotechnology and pharmaceutical chemistry ho chcfl6nhch5 h4n c4h7 ) 1 procaine 7.Amlnobenzoic acid diethylaminoelhanol experimental studies carried out invitro, recognizing that the elderly that impede pain counseling and history of fragility fractures, historical including experience passed on from gen- eration to generation either verbally, frequently in the gut genolysis of chlortetracycline. There are four rdna vaccines the detoxified mpl has no stigma attached to the production of pharmaceuti- appreciated. The sensitivity of this drug has a long original hardness and elasticity with temperatures around tion of gfr 6189 5 ...
III. Analysis 1. Which of the antibiotics would you use to prevent the growth of B. subtilis?. Neomycin.. 2. Which of the antibiotics would you use to prevent the growth of E.coli?. Tetracycline.. 3. Are both organisms equally sensitive to each of the antibiotics used? Explain.. No because there are size differences in the zone of inhibitions.. 4. Which of the two organisms is more sensitive to antibiotics in general?. B. subtilis.. 5. If you wanted to inhibit both organisms with one antibiotic, which one would you use?. Aureomycin.. 6. If E.coli is beneficial and B.subtilis is harmful and you were infected with both, which antibiotic would you choose?. Neomycin.. 7. In general, what can you conclude about bacteria and antibiotics from this experiment?. Antibiotics are specific at which bacteria they cure the best.. 8. What feature does this experiment lack which it should have included?. A control group.. 9. How would you correct this mistake?. Add a paper disk with no antibiotic in both petri ...
Does anyone mix Aureomycin 80g into their feed pellet during production? I have used weaker 10g crumbles in my top dress. It seems like pneumonia
Mannings and the Website are owned by The Dairy Farm Company, Limited 牛奶有限公司 t/a Mannings (Mannings, we, us, our)! [3] Kurz darauf synthetisierte Lloyd Hillyard Conover auf der Basis dieser Erkenntnisse Tetracyclin durch Dechlorierung von Aureomycin, nexium zantac together als erste Synthese eines Antibiotikums überhaupt. Innen de første tre månedene av tar dette stoffet, nexium dosage australia vil legen din planlegge oppfølgingsbesøk for å spore medisiner effekt på humør og atferd? Secondary blossoms or flowers that open after fruit are developing, are common in California orchards and are particularly vulnerable to fire blight, thus requiring additional antibiotic sprays? For people with severe depression, consider first trying cognitive behavioral therapy before trying an antidepressant. Anner of diseases, contestingly elimite price at walgreens he cured my herpes simplex virus, though I went through different website I saw different testimonies about different ...
Disease caused by management practices: In lieu of treating individual animals, producers must treat entire herds and flocks because of housing techniques and feeding practices that increase the risk of disease. For example, 83% of feedlots raising cattle administer subtherapeutic levels of antimicrobials or use antibiotics to treat diseases caused by an improper diet (diarrhea from grain consumption, an unnatural food product for ruminants) and housing (respiratory illnesses brought on by close confinement and dust) or as a growth promotant. Cattle on cow-calf operations, which are traditionally free-range breeding operations, do not have such a problem and do not use antibiotics so freely ...
Hi KE08. It sounds like you are really testing the medics! Keep persisting with them....your comment re. you dont fit the profile for some of the diseases you are being tested for is the reason you have to insist....I have heard it SOOO many times. THe patient doesnt fit the expected profile of a normal patient....it means NOTHING. You know yourself best if something is wrong keep pestering the doc! Something I am sure you will have investigated but in case you havent...Have you seen a homeopath / naturopath? You can have something called a health detective test which investigates all sorts from parasites through to hormone inbalances...mineral levels etc etc. They test subtherapeutic levels which the docs tests just arent going to pick up. If nothing else it might help rule out a few things or point you in a new area of investigation.. I really wish you all the best and keep smiling xx. ...
Mechanism Of Action: Aureomycin monohydrochloride inhibits cell growth by inhibiting translation. It binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit and prevents the amino-acyl tRNA from binding to the A site of the ribosome. The binding is reversible in nature. Aureomycin monohydrochloride is lipophilic and can easily pass through the cell membrane or passively diffuses through porin channels in the bacterial membrane. Cells become resistant to lymecycline by at least two mechanisms: efflux and ribosomal protection. In efflux, a resistance gene encodes a membrane protein that actively pumps lymecycline out of the cell. This is the mechanism of action of the tetracycline resistance gene on the artificial plasmid pBR322. In ribosomal protection, a resistance gene encodes a protein which binds to the ribosome and prevents lymecycline from acting on the ribosome ...
Pharma has an ever growing portfolio of veterinary medicinal products: Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is a tetracycline with broad-spectrum antibacterial and antiprotozoal activity. Premium Questions. - If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. This will only happen for a short period after it is put in your eye. Ophthalmic Ointment Monographs: Tetracycline Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Ointment Type of Posting Revision Bulletin Posting Date 29-Jul-2016 Official Date 01-Aug-2016 Expert Committee Chemical Medicines Monographs 1 to 6 Reason for Revision Compliance In accordance with the Rules and Procedures of the 2015-2020 Council of Experts, the Chemical Ophthalmic Ointment Monographs: Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Ointmen t Type of Posting Revision Bulletin Posting Date 29-Jul-2016 Official Date 01-Aug-2016 Expert Committee Chemical Medicines Monographs 1 to 6 Reason for Revision Compliance In accordance with the Rules and Procedures of the 2015-2020 Council of ...
Tetracycline antibiotics and their semisynthetic derivatives are now being widely used clinically and veterinarily. Industrial strains - the producers of oxy- and chlortetracycline (Otc and Ctc) are...
Fortification of manure with antimicrobials is one approach to studying their dissipation. However, fortified antimicrobials may not accurately model dissipation that occurs after antimicrobials have been administered to livestock in feed and excreted in manure. This study examined the dissipation of antimicrobials excreted in manure versus those added directly to manure (fortified). Steers were fed a diet containing (kg−1 feed) (i) 44 mg chlortetracycline, (ii) 44 mg each of chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine, (iii) 11 mg tylosin, and (iv) no antimicrobials (control). Fortified antimicrobial treatments were prepared by adding antimicrobials to control manure. Manure was composted for 30 d, sampled every 2 to 3 d, and analyzed for antimicrobials and compost properties. Antimicrobial dissipation followed first-order kinetics. The dissipation rate constant was significantly greater (based on 95% confidence limit) for excreted (0.29-0.54 d−1) than for fortified chlortetracycline (0.11-0.13 ...
Streptomyces aureofaciens ATCC ® 10762™ Designation: NRRL 2209 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces bromide peroxidase bromoperoxidase Produces chlortetracycline aureomycin Produces tetracyclines from anhydrotetracyclines Produces bromoperoxidases BPO 1 and BPO 2
Processes that regulate site of fat deposition in beef cattle are poorly understood. For the producer to procure the greatest profit, it is ideal to maximize intramuscular fat. Furthermore, to understand the physiological mechanisms affecting fat depots, it is necessary to evaluate hormones involved in growth regulation. Using a 2 x 2 factorial design of treatments, four experiments were conducted to examine two adipogenic compounds, chlortetracycline and dexamethasone. Synovex-S® and Revalor-S® were used to investigate potential interactions between growth implants and adipogenic compound. Growth performance, carcass quality, organ and fat mass and plasma hormone concentrations were measured in these studies. In Exp. 1, 24 steers received either 0 or 350mg chlortetracycline/d, with or without Synovex-S®. On d 30, 56 and 106, steers received a bolus injection of 1 ug/kg BW thyrotropin-releasing hormone and 0.1 ug/kg BW GH-releasing hormone and serial blood samples were collected. Synovex-S®
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus ATCC ® 9144™ Designation: 3R7089 strain Oxford TypeStrain=False Application: Assay of chlortetracycline aureomycin Assay of demeclocycline demethylchlortetracycline Assay of oxytetracycline terramycin Assay of tetracycline Assay of tobramycin Assay of tylosin Reference material Testing Enteric Research Food testing Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Water testing
Introduction: The article presents a rapid and simple analytical procedure for determination of four tetracyclines (oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlortetracycline, and doxycycline) in animal medicated feedingstuffs. Material and Methods: Two-gramme samples were extracted by a Na2EDTA-McIlvaine buffer (pH 4)/methanol mixtures (40/60, v/v). The determination was achieved by liquid chromatography using a Zorbax Eclipse XDB C18 analytical column with mass spectrometer detection (LC-MS). Results: Recoveries of the antibiotics from spiked feed samples ranged from 78.2% to 113.5%. The LOD and LOQ for tetracyclines in feeds ranged from 2.8 to 4.2 and from 4.3 to 5.7 mg/kg, respectively. Conclusion: The method was successfully validated and proved to be efficient, precise, and useful for quantification of tetracyclines in medicated feedingstuffs. ...
Reducing antibiotics overuse in animal agriculture is one key in combat against the spread of antibiotic resistance. Probiotics are a potential replacement of antibiotics in animal feed; however, it is not clear whether and how probiotics and antibiotics differ in impact on physiology and microbial ecology of host animals. Host phenotype and fecal microbiota of broilers with either antibiotics or probiotics as feed additive were simultaneously sampled at four time points from birth to slaughter and then compared. Probiotic feeding resulted in a lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) and induced the highest level of immunity response, suggesting greater economic benefits in broiler farming. Probiotic use but not antibiotic use recapitulated the characteristics of age-dependent development of gut microbiota in the control group. The maturation of intestinal microbiota was greatly accelerated by probiotic feeding, yet significantly retarded and eventually delayed by antibiotic feeding. LP-8 stimulated the
Description: This is a tetracycline eye hydrochloride preparation, possessing strong anti-bacterial efficacy and is non-irritant to the eyes. Its therapeutic value is similar to that of oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline, suitable for patients al...
by Gabe Middleton, DVM. Drug residue avoidance is a critical area for dairy producers to focus on. In todays dairy industry climate, a milk residue puts the dairy at risk for loss of market access as well as financial losses. In addition, it creates a black eye for the industry in general that all producers certainly want to avoid. On July 1, 2017, the tetracycline screening pilot program will begin, and no less than 1 out of 15 tanker loads of milk will be tested for oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline, and tetracycline. The tolerance limit for the drug is 300 ppb. [Read more…]. ...
CHINA - In the face of increasing concerns over the controversial use of antibiotic growth promoters in animal feed, agricultural researchers in China are trying to find possible replacements and reduce the need for antibiotics in factory farming. It is common knowledge that bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics through overexposure. Ordinary people may be cautious when they take antibiotics to treat infections, but few realize that the animals from which our meat and dairy come are usually fed an abundance of antibiotics. In fact, about half of the antibiotics used worldwide are given to farm animals, largely used at a subtherapeutic level to fatten them or to guard against infections that can spread through barns and pens, according to the World Health Organization. Tong Jianming, a professor with the Institute of Animal Science under the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said Chinese researchers have already focused attention on the potential hazards of antibiotic growth ...
Results Before guidelines were introduced the 2008/2009 audit showed target trough levels of 10-15 mg/l were achieved in 7% of initial levels taken, 23% of levels overall and 28% of levels following final dose adjustment. 49% of final levels were between 8-18 mg/l. 15 mg/kg three time a day was prescribed for most patients with normal renal function. Prolonged periods of subtherapeutic levels were common. Inadequate dose adjustment and delays for levels to be processed contributed to the problem. Insufficient attention was given to adjusting doses in patients with renal impairment and monitoring was variable.. Following guideline introduction the 2009/2010 audit showed target trough levels of 10-15 mg/l were achieved in 17% of initial levels taken, 34% of levels overall and 56% of levels following final dose adjustment. 82% of final levels were between 8-18 mg/l.. The guidelines split initial dosing recommendations into four categories according to known or anticipated renal function and ...
This study was designed to test the effects of pentoxifylline and progesterone upon capacitation of fresh human spermatozoa. Capacitation and acrosomal integrity were assessed using the fluorescent probe chlortetracycline on spermatozoa co-stained with a supravital fluorescent dye, Hoechst 33258. Hyperactivated motility was measured using computer-assisted movement analysis. After exposure to pentoxifylline (1 mg/ml; 30 min), the fluorescent B pattern, characteristic of capacitated, acrosome-intact cells, increased significantly (P | 0.01), though no increase in AR pattern, characteristic of acrosome-reacted cells, was detected. There was a significant increase in hyperactive motility (P | 0.001). Exposure to progesterone (1 microgram/ml; 60 min) resulted in a significant increase in B pattern (P | 0.05) and AR pattern (P | 0.005), though no effect on the expression of hyperactivation was detected. No effect upon hyperactivation was detected on exposure of fresh or cryopreserved spermatozoa to a
Complete article is available online.. PDF version is available online.. Objective: To determine the efficacy of injectable meloxicam as adjunctive therapy to antimicrobial medication in treatment and control of porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC) in growing pigs.. Methods: A total of 162 ninety-day-old pigs showing early clinical signs of PRDC were weighed (Day 0) and allocated into two treatment groups, Controls (n = 82) and Meloxicam (n = 80), in a randomized block design (approximately 20 pigs per pen, four pens per treatment per replicate). In-feed chlortetracycline (800 g per tonne; 20 mg per kg body weight per day) was administered to both groups for 8 consecutive days (Days 0 to 7). On Day 0, Controls received a single injection of a placebo and the Meloxicam group received a single injection of meloxicam (0.4 mg per kg body weight). Respiratory signs were assessed per individual animal and per treatment group Days 0 to 7. Frequency of additional injectable medications, mortality ...
0135] While the benefits of the invention have been described with respect to certain drugs, such as opioids, some or all of these benefits are obtained when the formulation of the invention is used with a wide variety of drugs, such as immunosuppressants, antioxidants, anesthetics, chemotherapeutic agents, steroids (including retinoids), hormones, antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, antiproliferatives, antihistamines, anticoagulants, antiphotoaging agents, melanotropic peptides, nonsteroidal and steroidal anti-inflammatory compounds, antipsychotics, and radiation absorbers, including UV-absorbers, chemotherapeutic agents, anti-nausea medication, and the like. Non-limiting examples of pharmacological materials or drugs suitable for use in the invention include anti-infectives such as nitrofurazone, sodium propionate, antibiotics, including penicillin, tetracycline, oxytetracycline, chlorotetracycline, bacitracin, nystatin, streptomycin, neomycin, polymyxin, gramicidin, chloramphenicol, ...
The baby s eyes newborn are very delicate. At birth the midwife or pediatric nurse them apply an antibiotic ointment to prevent serious eye infections that can cause blindness. For that babys eyes the first few hours are as bright and color a little yellow. Overall is chlortetracycline ointment. But what happens if the baby has a yellowish discharge from the eyes?. What if the newborn has neonatal conjunctivitis. The babys eyes should be washed with warm water while bathing or daily grooming. Occasionally we can use eye tissues, particularly suitable for hygiene of the body. Whenever we see secretions, whether claritas, whitish, we must clean them with saline and sterile gasita. Nothing happens if we do several times a day. If the discharge is yellow or green we must consult with our pediatrician. The specialist will indicate some antibiotic eye ointment to apply it in the eyes of the baby. It is convenient first remove all traces of tear secretion or with saline and sterile gauze.. Then we ...
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Dr. Paulus stated that in 1968, Sanchez … first reported the use of tetracycline to treat 14 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, with favorable results. Apparently, the author was unaware that Dr. Thomas McPherson Brown started to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis 20 years earlier, in 1947, with aureomycin when the drug was first available and provided by Lederle Laboratories. Dr. Brown and colleagues first reported the beneficial effects of tetracyclines in 1949 at the Seventh International Congress on Rheumatic Diseases, the same meeting at which the benefits of cortisone treatment were introduced. The first results, with the use of large oral doses aimed at an infectious cause [2], were followed by a report that described the first effective intravenous tetracycline treatment for rheumatoid arthritis [3] ...
Jesudoss Chelladurai, J., C. Bader, T. Snobl, D. Magstadt, V. Cooper, and M. Brewer 2015. Toxocara vitulorum in a cohort of beef calves in Iowa. Veterinary Parasitology.. Agbedanu, P., K. Anderson, M. Brewer, and S. Carlson. 2015. Doxycycline as an inhibitor of p-glycoprotein in the alpaca for the purpose of maintaining avermectins in the CNS during treatment for parelaphostrongylosis. Veterinary Parasitology.. Brewer, M., P. Agbedanu, M. Zamanian, T. Day, and S. Carlson. 2013. Evidence for a bacterial lipopolysaccharide-recognizing G protein-coupled receptor in the bacterial engulfment by Entamoeba histolytica. Eukaryotic Cell 12: 1433-1438.. Brewer, M., N. Xiong, K. Anderson, and S. Carlson. 2013. Effects of subtherapeutic concentrations of antimicrobials on gene acquisition events in Yersinia, Proteus, Shigella, and Salmonella recipient organisms in isolated ligated intestinal loops of swine. American Journal of Veterinary Research 74: 1078-1083.. Agbedanu, P., M. Brewer, T. Day, M. Kimber, ...
Reports of low-level subtherapeutic concentrations of pharmaceuticals in surface and ground waters have raised questions as to whether such compounds would survive typical drinking water treatment (i.e., coagulation, settling, filtration, and disinfection) and ultimately result in inadvertent human exposure. To examine the impact of these processes, a bench-scale drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) was constructed and used to examine the potential removal of caffeine, trovafloxacin mesylate, estradiol and salicylic acid relative to a conservative bromide (Br−) tracer at pH 8. Radiolabeled compounds were used to provide good sensitivity within the small sample volume constraints of the system and to enable a more rigorous mass balance analysis. The bench-scale system was comprised of several unit operations including: coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, dual-media gravity filtration, granular activated carbon treatment (GAC), and chlorination. Without GAC treatment, steady state ...
The Investigator Global Assessment Scale (IGA) for Acne Vulgaris Score is a 5-point ordinal scale ranging from 0 to 4.. The dichotomized IGA score, where success was defined as at least a 2-grade decrease in the IGA score during the Final Visit as compared to the Baseline Visit.. ...
To confirm PRDC infection prior to treatment administration, four clinically ill pigs (as defined by the clinical scoring system) were humanely euthanized and necropsied 4 days post receipt (Day -1). Following confirmation of pneumonic lesions consistent with PRDC, 180 pigs were blocked by illness status (clinically ill or non-clinically ill), weight, and sex and randomly allotted to pens within treatment to obtain 10 pens per treatment and six pigs per pen. Treatment groups included THF provided as an in-feed antibiotic at 0 ppm (control), 137.5 ppm, or 165.0 ppm, with approximately equal numbers of male and female pigs per group (0 ppm: 29 males, 31 females; 137.5 ppm: 30 males, 30 females; 165.0 ppm: 31 males, 29 females).. Clinically ill pigs were assigned to pens first to ensure equal representation within each treatment group. When all clinically ill pigs had been assigned, the non-clinically ill pigs were assigned to pens so that each treatment contained pens having a mixture of ...
A sample handler moves and positions racks, containing sample tubes, in an analytical instrument. The sample handler has an in-feed and out-feed that advance sample tube racks using a walking beam mechanism. The racks are seated within the in-feed and are transported onto a cross-feed. The racks and tubes contained thereon are moved past detection devices that identify the samples and measure various properties thereof. Thereafter, the cross-feed moves the racks to a position behind the out-feed where the walking beam mechanism moves the tube racks out of the analytical instrument.
... chlortetracycline (Aureomycin), in 1945. In 1950, Harvard University professor R.B. Woodward, in collaboration with a group at ... "Some Historical Notes on Chlortetracycline". Reviews of Infectious Diseases. 7 (5, Sep.-Oct): 702-707. doi:10.1093/clinids/7.5. ... "Process for the Preparation of Tetracycline and Chlortetracycline", issued 1956-02-07, assigned to American Cyanamid Company ...
Geneva Jukes, Thomas H. Some historical notes on chlortetracycline. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 7(5):702-707 (1985).. ... Under Subbarow, Benjamin Duggar made his discovery of the world's first tetracycline antibiotic, chlortetracycline, in 1945. ... treatment of cancer and led the department at Lederle laboratories in which Benjamin Minge Duggar discovered chlortetracycline ...
Composting has been shown to reduce the presence of various antibiotics by 20-99%, but one study found that chlortetracycline ( ... Bao, Yanyu; Zhou, Qixing; Guan, Lianzhu; Wang, Yingying (April 2009). "Depletion of chlortetracycline during composting of aged ...
One study found that chlortetracycline (CTC), an antibiotic used in livestock feed, degraded at different rates dependent on ... "Depletion of chlortetracycline during composting of aged and spiked manures". Waste Management. 29 (4): 1416-1423. ...
S01AA02 Chlortetracycline. S01AA03 Neomycin. S01AA04 Oxytetracycline. S01AA05 Tyrothricin. S01AA07 Framycetin. S01AA09 ...
"Localization of membrane-associated calcium following cytokinin treatment in Funaria using chlortetracycline". Planta. 152 (3 ...
... produces 7-chlortetracycline, naphthyridinomycin, cyanocycline B, N-desmethylnaphthyridinomycin and ...
Possible treatments include decoquinate, lasalocid, sulfonamides, chlortetracycline, amprolium, monensin, toltrazuril, and ...
Food, biochemical and pharmaceutical (chlortetracycline) industries have traditionally been strong in Talitsa. Forestry ...
Development in Vitro of Bacterial Resistance to Chlortetracycline". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 8 (1): 27-30. Food ...
Farkas, Michael H.; Berry, James O.; Aga, Diana S. (2007-02-01). "Chlortetracycline Detoxification in Maize via Induction of ...
Jukes, Thomas H. (1985). "Some Historical Notes on Chlortetracycline". Reviews of Infectious Diseases. Washington, DC. 7 (5, ...
The first members of the tetracycline group to be described were chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline. Chlortetracycline ( ... Tetracycline itself was discovered later than chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline but is still considered as the parent ... chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, demeclocycline and methacycline) be taken with a full glass of water, either two hours ... viridofaciens and dimethyl-chlortetracycline from S. aureofaciens, or as products of semisynthetic approaches, e.g., ...
Chinese pig farming uses sulfamethazine, bacitracin, chlortetracycline, tetracycline, florfenicol, sulfonamide, doxycycline, ...
Tiamulin, chlortetracycline or tilmicosin may be used to treat and prevent the spread of the disease. Vaccination is a very ...
Agga GE, Schmidt JW, Arthur TM (December 2016). "Effects of In-Feed Chlortetracycline Prophylaxis in Beef Cattle on Animal ...
... chlortetracycline, hygromycin, penicillin, lincomycin, oxytetracycline, tylosin, virginiamycin and neomycin. Richard Sellers ( ...
It is susceptible to chlortetracycline, colistin sulfate, furazolidone, gentamicin, neomycin, nitrofurantoin, and tetracycline ...
... by substituting hydrogen for chlorine in chlortetracycline. His success led to the process being used to produce other superior ...
Trace amounts of the following antibiotics (added during processing) may be present: neomycin sulfate, chlortetracycline ...
The first members of the tetracycline group to be described were chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline.[2][40] ... Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin) was first discovered as an ordinary item in 1945 and initially endorsed in 1948[41] by Benjamin ... chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, demeclocycline and methacycline) be taken with a full glass of water, either two hours ... viridofaciens and dimethyl-chlortetracycline from S. aureofaciens, or as products of semisynthetic approaches, e.g., ...
Chlortetracycline, the first tetracycline to be identified, was discovered in a sample of soil collected from plot 23 of ...
American Cyanamid was one of these, and in the late 1940s chemists there discovered chlortetracycline, the first member of the ...
Mice exposed to subtherapeutic antibiotic treatment - with either penicillin, vancomycin, or chlortetracycline had altered ...
... chlortetracycline, bacitracin-neomycin-polymyxin (BNP), ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and tobramycin. Topical gentamicin ...
The total concentration of chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline in the waters of Fishing Creek near Bloomsburg between 2002 ...
... chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline), quinolones (ciprofloxacin, pefloxacin), clindamycin, erythromycin, imipenem, and ...
... chlortetracycline (INN) chlorthenoxazine (INN) chlorzoxazone (INN) Cholac Cholan-HMB Cholebrine Choledyl cholestyramine (INN) ...
S01AA01 Chloramphenicol S01AA02 Chlortetracycline S01AA03 Neomycin S01AA04 Oxytetracycline S01AA05 Tyrothricin S01AA07 ...
D06AA01 Demeclocycline D06AA02 Chlortetracycline D06AA03 Oxytetracycline D06AA04 Tetracycline QD06AA52 Chlortetracycline, ...
Chlortetracycline may increase the neuromuscular blocking activities of atracurium besilate. "chlortetracycline , C22H23ClN2O8 ... Topical chlortetracycline must not be used on the udder of animals whose milk is intended for human consumption. Like other ... In veterinary medicine, chlortetracycline is commonly used to treat conjunctivitis in cats, dogs and horses. It is also used to ... Chlortetracycline may increase the anticoagulant activities of acenocoumarol. The risk or severity of adverse effects can be ...
chlortetracycline synonyms, chlortetracycline pronunciation, chlortetracycline translation, English dictionary definition of ... chlortetracycline. n an antibiotic used in treating many bacterial and rickettsial infections: obtained from the bacterium ... Related to chlortetracycline: Aureomycin, oxytetracycline, Chlortetracycline hydrochloride. chlortetracycline. ( ... Chlortetracycline - definition of chlortetracycline by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/chlortetracycline ...
Chlortetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified. It was discovered in 1945 by Benjamin ... Chlortetracycline bisulfate. 1D06KZ672I. 27823-62-7. GQUMQTDURIYYIA-MRFRVZCGSA-N. Chlortetracycline calcium complex. NR4B2SX17S ... Chlortetracycline. ATC Codes. D06AA02 - Chlortetracycline*D06AA - Tetracycline and derivatives. *D06A - ANTIBIOTICS FOR TOPICAL ... Chlortetracycline has a volume of distribution of 100 liters [1].. Protein binding. Chlortetracline is 50-55% bound to plasma ...
The supplemental NADA provides for a revised withdrawal time for use of chlortetracycline (CTC) powder in swine... ... 2. Section 520.445b Chlortetracycline powder (chlortetracycline hydrochloride or chlortetracycline bisulfate) is amended in ... Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Chlortetracycline Powder. A Rule by the Food and Drug Administration on 02/29/2000. ... The supplemental NADA provides for a revised withdrawal time for use of chlortetracycline (CTC) powder in swine drinking water ...
Mold with Chlortetracycline - English - New Zealand Soleris Supplement, Yeast & Mold with Chlortetracycline - English - US ... Mold with Chlortetracycline - Japanese - Japan Soleris Supplement, Yeast & Mold with Chlortetracycline - Korean - Korea Soleris ... Mold with Chlortetracycline - Danish - Denmark Soleris Supplement, Yeast & Mold with Chlortetracycline - Dutch - Netherlands ... Mold with Chlortetracycline - French Soleris Supplement, Yeast & Mold with Chlortetracycline - French - Canada Soleris ...
Chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine powder.. (a) Specifications. Each pound of soluble powder contains chlortetracycline ... Chlortetracycline tablets and boluses.. (a) Specifications. Each tablet/bolus contains 25, 250, or 500 milligrams (mg) ... Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Change of Sponsor; Chlortetracycline; Sulfamethazine. A Rule by the Food and Drug ... 3) Limitations. Use as the sole source of chlortetracycline and sulfonamide. Not to be used for more than 28 consecutive days. ...
Industrial strains - the producers of oxy- and chlortetracycline (Otc and Ctc) are... ... Industrial strains - the producers of oxy- and chlortetracycline (Otc and Ctc) are the objects of long-term conventional ... aureofaciencs strain - the producer of chlortetracycline. Genetika (USSR) 26: 00.Google Scholar ... Lomovskaya N., Sezonov G., Isayeva L., Chinenova T. (1991) Genetic Characterization and Cloning of Genes for Chlortetracycline ...
Chlortetracycline was extracted with acid acetone solution. The extract was analyzed by HPLC using a reverse phase column C18 ... Sample records for CLOROTETRACICLINA (chlortetracycline). from WorldWideScience.org. Sample records 1 - 4 shown. ... the two latter in duplicate with chlortetracycline assay. The statistical model for evaluating MP included fix effects of type- ... DETERMINATION OF CHLORTETRACYCLINE IN FEEDSTUFFS BY HIGH PERFOMANCE LIQUID HROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC) ...
Youre reviewing:(R/x) Chloronex® Chlortetracycline Soluble Powder Concentrate - 25.6 oz.. Rating:. Rating. 1 star 2 stars 3 ... Chloronex Chlortetracycline Soluble Powder Concentrate is a water-soluble broad spectrum antibiotic intended for use in ...
Synonyms for Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride, Ep Standard (CAS No. 3671-08-7) ... Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride, Ep Standard (CAS No. 3671-08-7) Suppliers. Limit companies to: Worldwide USA China India ... EMAIL INQUIRY to 8 Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride, Ep Standard (CAS No. 3671-08-7) suppliers ... Synonyms: EINECS 222-936-0, Chlortetracycline hydrochloride, 57-62-5 (Parent), AC1NUMIQ, C22H23ClN2O8.HCl, LS-174620, (2Z,4aS, ...
Inquire the availability for the product Chlortetracycline hydrochloride at AG Scientific. ... Chlortetracycline hydrochloride is a drug used to treat or prevent bacterial infections. ... Chlortetracycline hydrochloride is a salt prepared from chlortetracycline taking advantage of the basic dimethylamino group ... Like all tetracyclines, chlortetracycline shows broad spectrum antibacterial and antiprotozoan activity and acts by binding to ...
The Global Feed Chlortetracycline Industry 2016 Market Research Report is... ... 150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Feed Chlortetracycline Industry 2016 Market Research Report report by QYResearch ... Figure Feed Chlortetracycline Picture and Specifications of Huazhong Chia Tai Table Feed Chlortetracycline Capacity (K MT), ... Figure Sale Price (USD/MT) of Feed Chlortetracycline by Regions in 2015 Table Sale Price (USD/MT) of Feed Chlortetracycline by ...
Keywords: sow, chlortetracycline, reproductive performance. Cite as: Sbiraki AP, Saoulidis K, Kyriakis SC, et al. Effects of ... Effects of chlortetracycline administration on the health status and performance of sows: Results of a field trial. Aphrodite P ... Objectives: To investigate the effects of in-feed chlortetracycline (CTC) during lactation on health status and reproductive ... chlortetracycline administration on the health status and performance of sows: Results of a field trial. J Swine Health Prod ...
The effect of interrupted aeration on the biosynthesis of chlortetracycline (CTC) was investigated. The culture is most ... Studies of chlortetracycline biosynthesis and the preparation of chlortetracycline-C 14. Science 123: 1030, 1956.PubMedCrossRef ... Streptomyces Benzyl Pyruvic Acid Shikimic Acid Chlortetracycline These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. ... Yegorov, N. S., Baranova, I. P.:The effect of p-di-methylaminobenzaldehyde on the formation of chlortetracycline. Antibiotiki 4 ...
The present invention provides improved chlortetracycline-containing animal feed compositions and processes and apparatuses for ... After chlortetracycline production achieves a steady state, chlortetracycline production may be maintained by the continuous ... chlortetracycline. The wet filter cake comprising chlortetracycline and fermentation solids is dried and sized to produce a ... in an amount to neutralize the chlortetracycline. In forming the free base form of chlortetracycline, any base known to those ...
2002). Weight Gain and Feed Efficiency Benefits from Chlortetracycline and Tiamulin in the Prestarter Diet of Healthy Pigs. ... Weight Gain and Feed Efficiency Benefits from Chlortetracycline and Tiamulin in the Prestarter Diet of Healthy Pigs ...
Pigs in the +CTC groups received in-feed chlortetracycline (CTC) at 400 g/ton of feed beginning at -5 days postinoculation (dpi ... Chlortetracycline Enhances Tonsil Colonization and Fecal Shedding of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar ... Chlortetracycline Enhances Tonsil Colonization and Fecal Shedding of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar ... Chlortetracycline Enhances Tonsil Colonization and Fecal Shedding of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar ...
We selected chlortetracycline for this study because it is commonly used in agriculture and has been detected in aquatic ... In another study in Iowa, the maximum chlortetracycline level that was detected in streams was 0.1 μg/liter (14). It is ... The objective of this study was to estimate the selection potential of chlortetracycline (CTC) on the antibiotic resistance of ... Evaluating the Effects of Chlortetracycline on the Proliferation of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in a Simulated River Water ...
... en_US. ... Comparative effects of dietary copper, zinc, essential oils, and chlortetracycline on nursery pig growth performance. K-REx ... The 2 additional treatments were growth-promoting and therapeutic levels of chlortetracycline (CTC at 50 or 400 g/ton). Pigs ...
... Joline Goossens ... "Effect of T-2 Toxin and a Yeast-extract Feed Additive on the Oral Bioavailability of Chlortetracycline in Pigs." In Mycotoxin ... "Effect of T-2 Toxin and a Yeast-extract Feed Additive on the Oral Bioavailability of Chlortetracycline in Pigs." Mycotoxin ... Next, after 21 days of intake of the experimental feeds, the animals were given a second oral bolus of chlortetracycline (20 mg ...
Title: Effects of Chlortetracycline and Ceftiofur Treatment on Prevalence, Quantity, and Antimicrobial Resistance of * ...
Reviews for 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is a tetracycline derivative that acts as a metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor ... 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride cost , 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride manufacturer , order 4-epi-Chlortetracycline ... Keywords:buy 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride , 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Supplier , purchase 4-epi- ... Hydrochloride , 4-epi-Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride distributor , buy 101342-45-4, 101342-45-4 Supplier , purchase 101342-45- ...
Chlortetracycline (trade name Aureomycin®, Lederle) is a tetracycline antibiotic, and was the first tetracycline to be ... Chlortetracycline • Clomocycline • Demeclocycline • Doxycycline • Lymecycline • Metacycline • Minocycline • Oxytetracycline • ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Chlortetracycline&oldid=1085249" ...
Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is an antimicrobial and antibacterial. It is a salt prepared from chlortetracycline taking ... Like all tetracyclines, chlortetracycline shows broad spectrum antibacterial and antiprotozoan activity and acts by binding to ... Chemical Name: Chlortetracycline hydrochloride. Synonyms: CTC;u-6780;nsc-13252;Isphamycin;Auxeomycin;AUREOMYCIN;Aurofac 100; ... The Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is the preferred formulation for pharmaceutical applications. ...
Chlortetracycline HCl Eye Ointment, 2g Chlortetracycline HCl Eye Ointment, USP Chlortetracycline HCl Eye Ointment manufacturer ... What is Chlortetracycline used for? 8 September 2017 . It contains 10 mg chlortetracycline hydrochloride per gram of ointment. ... Stability of chlortetracycline hydrochloride and chloramphenicol in some ophthalmic ointment bases. 30 mg chlortetracycline ... Chlortetracycline activity was determined against 37 Mycoplasma putrefaciens isolates. Chlortetracycline was tested at ...
Chlortetracycline. Chlortetracycline hydrochloride (a derivative of Chlortetracycline) is reported as an ingredient of CAS 45 ...
Chlortetracycline. Chlortetracycline hydrochloride (a derivative of Chlortetracycline) is reported as an ingredient of ...
AdvaCare Pharma is a GMP manufacturer and supplier of Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments. Our facilities located in India and ... AdvaCare Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments are GMP certified.. **AdvaCare Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments are manufactured in our ... AdvaCare Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments are GMP certified.. **AdvaCare Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments are manufactured in our ... Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments (ChlotraCare™). AdvaCare is a GMP Chlortetracycline Eye Ointments manufacturer ...
For chlortetracycline. * For topical dosage form (ointment): * For skin infections: * Adults and children-Use one or two times ... Although there is no specific information about the use of topical chlortetracycline or topical meclocycline in children, they ... In studies in rats and rabbits, chlortetracycline and tetracycline topical preparations have not been shown to cause birth ...
For chlortetracycline. * For topical dosage form (ointment): * For skin infections: * Adults and children-Use one or two times ...
  • Chlortetracycline hydrochloride is a salt prepared from chlortetracycline taking advantage of the basic dimethylamino group which protonates and readily forms the salt in hydrochloric acid solutions. (agscientific.com)
  • Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is an antimicrobial and antibacterial. (shreejiexports.net)
  • The Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is the preferred formulation for pharmaceutical applications. (shreejiexports.net)
  • Pharma has an ever growing portfolio of veterinary medicinal products: Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride is a tetracycline with broad-spectrum antibacterial and antiprotozoal activity. (habitacion1520.com)
  • China Bifonazole Cream, Compound Sulfur Cream, Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Eye Ointment, Find details about China Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Eye Ointment, Usp Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Eye Ointment from Bifonazole Cream, Compound Sulfur Cream, Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride Eye Ointment - Qingdao Fraken International Trading Co., Ltd. You may need to read it again. (habitacion1520.com)
  • Aureocort ointment contains two active ingredients, triamcinolone acetonide and chlortetracycline hydrochloride. (habitacion1520.com)
  • It contains 10 mg chlortetracycline hydrochloride per gram of ointment. (habitacion1520.com)
  • Stability of chlortetracycline hydrochloride and chloramphenicol in some ophthalmic ointment bases. (habitacion1520.com)
  • 30 mg chlortetracycline hydrochloride ointment per gram of solution. (habitacion1520.com)
  • China Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride manufacturers - Select 2020 high quality Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride products in best price from certified Chinese Hydrochloride manufacturers, Lidocaine Hydrochloride suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com 136,137,139,252-258 The oxytetracycline pathway, 9,101,102,259-263 studied by Hunter and coworkers and more recently by Tang et al. (habitacion1520.com)
  • Clinigen is a leading global exporter of Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride, available in different strengths and forms such as 1% Eye Ointment. (habitacion1520.com)
  • Extensive list of Chlortetracycline Hydrochloride drugs and related products- all under one e-roof! (catalog.md)
  • Chlortetracycline (trade name Aureomycin, Lederle Laboratories) is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified. (wikipedia.org)
  • The highest levels were found for both gentamicin and neomycin of the aminoglycoside class of antibiotics and chlortetracycline of the tetracycline class of antibiotics, with over 100 times the amount compared with the parameters set by Eurofins Analytical Laboratory, Inc. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Use of water medicated with Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin), Oxytetracycline (Terramycin), or other tetracycline products (except doxycycline) is not recommended. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2003) Validation of a high-performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlortetracycline and doxycycline in bovine milk and muscle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In studies in rats and rabbits, chlortetracycline and tetracycline topical preparations have not been shown to cause birth defects or other problems. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The toxicity properties of seven tetracycline derivatives (tetracycline, oxytetracycline, demeclocycline, chlortetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and meclocycline) were investigated in vitro using a cell line of human keratinocytes. (hindawi.com)
  • After incubation and irradiation with UV light, the viability of keratinocytes was assessed with half the maximal inhibitory concentration for doxycycline, demeclocycline, chlortetracycline, and tetracycline. (hindawi.com)
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate remediation of tetracylines (tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and chlortetracycline (CTC)) from aqueous solution using vetiver grass, water lettuce, and sunflower and root exudates of water lettuce, sunflower and from soil by tomato, Indian mustard and carrot plant. (scirp.org)
  • Bansal, O.P. (2012) Sorption of Tetracycline and chlortetracycline on Na-, K-and Ca-saturated soil clays, humic substances and clay-humic complexes. (scirp.org)
  • Common food-drug interaction involves the interaction of milk with tetracycline antibiotics like oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline, as the calcium ion from milk may form metal chelates (complexes) with the drug and will make it poorly absorbable in the gastrointestinal tract. (medindia.net)
  • Like all tetracyclines, chlortetracycline shows broad spectrum antibacterial and antiprotozoan activity and acts by binding to the 30S and 50S ribosomal sub-units, blocking protein synthesis. (agscientific.com)
  • § 558.140 - Chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine. (fda.gov)
  • Groups of calves were assigned to one of the following antimicrobial treatments: chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine (CS), chlortetracycline alone (Ct), virginiamycin, monensin, tylosin phosphate, and no antimicrobial agent (i.e., control treatment). (nih.gov)
  • 2004) that typically export also oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline (Poole 2005). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Percentages of MP and of capacitated spermatozoa with intact acrosome (B pattern) and acrosomal reaction (RA pattern) were determined, the two latter in duplicate with chlortetracycline assay. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Los resultados de la validación mostra (mas) ron una linealidad entre 50-1000 µg/mL que responde a una ecuación general de Y=0.23X-2.62 con un coeficiente de regresión de 0.996 (p Resumen en inglés A procedure was developed by High Perfomance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in order to determine chlortetracycline in feedtuff destined to different productive categories of pigs´ breeding. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Pigs in the +CTC groups received in-feed chlortetracycline (CTC) at 400 g/ton of feed beginning at -5 days postinoculation (dpi), and pigs in the +SAL groups were inoculated intranasally with Salmonella Typhimurium SB 403 at 0 dpi. (asm.org)
  • It was therefore the aim of the present study to determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of orally administered chlortetracycline in pigs after intake of 100 µg/kg T-2 toxin contaminated feed whether or not supplemented with a commercially available yeast-extract feed additive. (ugent.be)
  • Chinenova T.A., Biryukova I.V., Voeykova T.A., Emelyanova L.K. Klochkova 0.A., Sezonov G.V., Lomovskaya N.D. (1989)Identification of determinants for resistance to chlortetracycline and other antibiotics in S . aureofaciencs strain - the producer of chlortetracycline. (springer.com)
  • Find latest 2017 Ukraine import data of chlortetracycline collected from Ukraine customs. (exportgenius.in)
  • Lomovskaya N., Sezonov G., Isayeva L., Chinenova T. (1991) Genetic Characterization and Cloning of Genes for Chlortetracycline Resistance in Streptomyces Aureofaciens Strains. (springer.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Biosynthesis of chlortetracycline by washed, resting cells of Streptomyces aureofaciens. (who.int)
  • The effect of interrupted aeration on the biosynthesis of chlortetracycline (CTC) was investigated. (springer.com)
  • The relationship between the enzymatic reactions of the pentose shunt and the mechanism of chlortetracycline biosynthesis is discussed. (springer.com)
  • In veterinary medicine, chlortetracycline is commonly used to treat conjunctivitis in cats, dogs and horses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topical chlortetracycline must not be used on the udder of animals whose milk is intended for human consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there is no specific information about the use of topical chlortetracycline or topical meclocycline in children, they are not expected to cause different side effects or problems in children than they do in adults. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Chlortetracycline ointment is used for the treatment of bacterial infections of eye. (advacarepharma.com)
  • Always consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking chlortetracycline eye ointment. (advacarepharma.com)
  • Over dosage, application frequency, and treatment duration of chlortetracycline ointment should not be exceeded. (advacarepharma.com)
  • Consult with your doctor about any medications you are taking, before your treatment with chlortetracycline eye ointment. (advacarepharma.com)
  • Resumen en español Se desarrolló un procedimiento por Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Resolución (HPLC) para determinar clortetraciclina en alimentos destinados a diferentes categorías productivas de la crianza del cerdo. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Plasma concentrations of chlortetracycline were determined using an in-house validated HPLC-UV method. (ugent.be)
  • Chloronex Chlortetracycline Soluble Powder Concentrate is a water-soluble broad spectrum antibiotic intended for use in drinking water for chickens, turkeys, swine, calves, beef cattle and non-lactating dairy cattle. (qcsupply.com)
  • Chlortetracycline for systemic use is contraindicated in animals with severe hepatic or renal impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant increased plasma concentrations of chlortetracycline compared to the control group were seen after intake of T-2 contaminated feed supplemented with the additive (bolus 1) and after intake of both T-2 contaminated and T-2 contaminated feed supplemented with the additive (bolus 2). (ugent.be)
  • Chlortetracycline was tested at concentrations ranged from 4 to 0.03 mg/ml/ The MIC was defined as the lowest concentration in which there was no bacterial growth, as evidenced by a lack of pH color change at the time the drug-free growth control showed a color change. (habitacion1520.com)
  • In experiment 2, chlortetracycline (CTC) was used to assess the functional state of spermatozoa incubated under different NaHCO 3 concentrations. (elsevier.com)
  • The therapeutic efficacy of mecillinam (amdinocillin), amoxicillin, and ampicillin can be decreased when used in combination with chlortetracycline. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2 additional treatments were growth-promoting and therapeutic levels of chlortetracycline (CTC at 50 or 400 g/ton). (k-state.edu)
  • McEvoy JDG, Mayne CS, Higgins HC and DG Kennedy Transfer of chlortetracycline from contaminated feeding stuff to cow milk. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The wet filter cake comprising chlortetracycline and fermentation solids is dried and sized to produce a dried semi-finished product in the form of a powder, meal, granules, pellets, tablets, etc. (patents.com)
  • Check Ukraine trade statistics of chlortetracycline imports. (exportgenius.in)
  • The risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when chlortetracycline is combined with acitretin, adapalene, or alitretinoin. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with all pharmaceuticals some unwanted effects can occur from the use of chlortetracycline eye ointments. (advacarepharma.com)
  • Aluminum phosphate and aluminum hydroxide can cause decreases in the absorption of chlortetracycline resulting in a reduced serum concentration and potentially a decrease in efficacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlortetracycline is not known to undergo significant metabolism [ 1 ] . (drugbank.ca)
  • Two hours after the start of intake of the respective feeds, the animals were given a single oral intragastric bolus of chlortetracycline at 20 mg/kg BW (bolus 1) (Aurofac®, Alpharma, Belgium). (ugent.be)
  • Next, after 21 days of intake of the experimental feeds, the animals were given a second oral bolus of chlortetracycline (20 mg/kg BW) (bolus 2). (ugent.be)
  • Industrial strains - the producers of oxy- and chlortetracycline (Otc and Ctc) are the objects of long-term conventional selection and possess high level of antibiotic activity. (springer.com)
  • p Resumen en inglés Refrigeration and cryopreservation of spermatozoa reduce or interrupt their metabolic activity and prolong their viability, but sperm capacitation (CE) induced in ram semen may reduce its fertility. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Chlortetracycline activity was determined against 37 Mycoplasma putrefaciens isolates. (habitacion1520.com)

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