Chlorothiazide: A thiazide diuretic with actions and uses similar to those of HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p812)Cesium Isotopes: Stable cesium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cesium, but differ in atomic weight. Cs-133 is a naturally occurring isotope.Ethacrynic Acid: A compound that inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. This compound has been classified as a loop or high ceiling diuretic.Kidney Tubules, Distal: The portion of renal tubule that begins from the enlarged segment of the ascending limb of the LOOP OF HENLE. It reenters the KIDNEY CORTEX and forms the convoluted segments of the distal tubule.Chlorpropamide: A sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p277)Benzene DerivativesDiuretics: Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors: A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES.Exopeptidases: A sub-class of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that act only near the ends of polypeptide chains.Inulin: A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function.Suspensions: Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.Furosemide: A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for EDEMA and chronic RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.Nephrons: The functional units of the kidney, consisting of the glomerulus and the attached tubule.Acetazolamide: One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.Methyldopa: An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that has both central and peripheral nervous system effects. Its primary clinical use is as an antihypertensive agent.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.MinnesotaAdministration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.APUD Cells: Cells with the capacity to take up and decarboxylate the amine precursors DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE or 5-HYDROXYTRYPTOPHAN. This is a property of endocrine cells of neural and non-neural origin. APUDOMA is a general term collectively applied to tumors associated with APUD cells.Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.Plasma Volume: Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.Vasomotor System: The neural systems which act on VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE to control blood vessel diameter. The major neural control is through the sympathetic nervous system.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Identity Crisis: Chaotic concept of self wherein one's role in life appears to be an insoluble dilemma often expressed by isolation, withdrawal, rebellion and extremism.Skin Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Mobile Applications: Computer programs or software installed on mobile electronic devices which support a wide range of functions and uses which include television, telephone, video, music, word processing, and Internet service.Biometric Identification: A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Tablets: Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)Behavioral Medicine: The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic: A genetic or acquired polyuric disorder caused by a deficiency of VASOPRESSINS secreted by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. Clinical signs include the excretion of large volumes of dilute URINE; HYPERNATREMIA; THIRST; and polydipsia. Etiologies include HEAD TRAUMA; surgeries and diseases involving the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This disorder may also be caused by mutations of genes such as ARVP encoding vasopressin and its corresponding neurophysin (NEUROPHYSINS).Diabetes Insipidus: A disease that is characterized by frequent urination, excretion of large amounts of dilute URINE, and excessive THIRST. Etiologies of diabetes insipidus include deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (also known as ADH or VASOPRESSIN) secreted by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS, impaired KIDNEY response to ADH, and impaired hypothalamic regulation of thirst.Adolescent Medicine: A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.Perinatology: The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Drug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Drug Information Services: Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.Medical Assistance: Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.Uncompensated Care: Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Voluntary Health Agencies: Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.

Localization of diuretic effects along the loop of Henle: an in vivo microperfusion study in rats. (1/56)

In order to clarify the effects on sodium reabsorption in the loop of Henle of methazolamide (a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor), chlorothiazide and the loop diuretics frusemide and bumetanide, superficial loops were perfused in vivo in anaesthetized rats and the individual diuretics were included in the perfusate. Differentiation between effects in the pars recta and in the thick ascending limb of Henle (TALH) was achieved by comparing responses to the diuretics when using a standard perfusate, designed to mimic native late proximal tubular fluid, and a low-sodium perfusate, designed to block net sodium reabsorption in the pars recta. With the standard perfusate, methazolamide caused decreases in sodium reabsorption (J(Na)) and water reabsorption (J(V)); with the low-sodium perfusate, a modest effect on J(Na) persisted, suggesting that carbonic anhydrase inhibition reduces sodium reabsorption in both the pars recta and the TALH. The effects of chlorothiazide were very similar to those of methazolamide with both the standard and low-sodium perfusates, suggesting that chlorothiazide also inhibits sodium reabsorption in the pars recta and TALH, perhaps through inhibition of carbonic anhydrase. With the standard perfusate, both frusemide and bumetanide produced the expected large decreases in J(Na), but J(V) was also lowered. With the low-sodium perfusate, the inhibitory effects of the loop diuretics, particularly those of frusemide, were substantially reduced, while net potassium secretion was found. These observations indicate that a significant component of the effect of frusemide (and possibly of bumetanide) on overall sodium reabsorption is located in the pars recta, and that loop diuretics induce potassium secretion in the TALH.  (+info)

The acute effect of chlorothiazide on serum-ionized calcium. Evidence for a parathyroid hormone-dependent mechanism. (2/56)

The acute effects of chlorothiazide (CTZ) on total (TSCA) and ionized (SCA-plus 2) serum calcium concentrations were studied in three groups of people: (a) eight subjects with normal parathyroid function; (b) six patients with hypoparathyroidism; and (c) two patients with hyperparathyroidism. Most subjects were studied on four occasions; at least 3 days intervened between studies on an individual subject. During each experiment the subject received an i.v. influsion of 5% dextrose in water at 1 ml/min from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Additions to the infusions were (a) none; (b) CTZ to deliver 3.33 mg/kg/h; (c) parathyroid extract to deliver 1 U/kg/h; or (d) both CTZ and parathyroid extract at the rates previously indicated. CTZ, when used, was added to the infusion at 10 a.m., parathyroid extract at 8 a.m. When CTZ was infused, the diuretic-induced losses of Na and water were replaced by i.v. infusion. In normal subjects 2 h after the start of CTZ infusion, there was a transient increase in SCA-plus 2 which coincided in time of day with a transient decrease in SCA-plus 2 in control experiments. At that time of day SCA-plus 2 was 4.18 plus or minus 0.12 mg/100 ml in control experiments and 4.56 plus or minus 0.08 in experiments with CTZ, P smaller than 0.025. The corresponding values for (TSCA) were 9.32 plus or minus 0.15 and 9.80 plus or minus 0.30, P smaller than 0.01. Such differences were not observed in the group with hypoparathyroidism. In the two patients with hyperparathyroidism, CTZ produced sustained increases in TSCA and SCA-plus 2. In normal subjects and those with hypoparathyroidism, CTZ plus parathyroid extract infusion resulted in sustained increases in both SCA-plus 2 and TSCA throughout the periods of observation when compared to experiments in which only parathyroid extract was infused, P smaller than 0.01 in all instances. The results suggest that the acute hypercalcemic action of CTZ requires the presence of circulating parathyroid hormone.  (+info)

Clarification of the site of action of chlorothiazide in the rat nephron. (3/56)

The saluretic effect of the thiazide diuretics has been attributed to inhibition of sodium reabsorption in the distal nephron of the kidney. Recent micropuncture studies have shown, however, that chlorothiazide administration can also inhibit sodium reabsorption in the proximal convolution. To clarify the site of the saluretic effect of chlorothiazide, these micropuncture studies examined the effect of chlorothiazide on chloride transport in the nephron. The effect of chlorothiazide on chloride transport was studied because chlorothiazide's effectiveness as a saluretic is largely due to its ability to enhance sodium chloride excretion; if only changes in sodium transport are examined, it would be then difficult to determine if sodium as bicarbonate or as chloride is affected, since chlorothiazide can inhibit carbonic anhydrase. One group of rats was studied before and after 15 mg/kg per h chlorothiazide. For comparison, another group of rats was studied before and after 2 mg/kg per h benzolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Fractional chloride delivery from the proximal tubule was similarly increased in both groups from 59.4 to 71.0% by chlorothiazide administration, Pless than 0.0001, and from 54.3 to 68.2% by benzolamide administration, P less than 0.001. The increased delivery very of chloride from the proximal tubule was largely reabsorbed before the early distal tubule as fractional chloride delivery to this site increased only from 5.08 to 7.40% after chlorothiazide administration, P less than 0.001, and from 4.50 to 6.29% after benzolamide administration, P less than 0.01. Benzolamide had no effect on chloride reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule. However, chlorothiazide administration resulted in a marked decrease in distal tubular chloride reabsorption, the fraction of filtered chloride present at the late distal tubule incresing from 1.24 to 6.25%, P less than 0.001. Fractional chloride excretion in the urine increased from 0.29 to 3.44%, P less than 0.001, after chlorothiazide, but did not change after benzolamide. The influence of chlorothiazide on proximal chloride transport presumably is related to its ability to inhibit renal carbonic anhydrase. However, it is not the effect of chlorothiazide in the proximal convolution but rather its effect in the distal convoluted tubule which is primarily responsible for its ability to be an effective saliuretic.  (+info)

Mechanism of calcium transport stimulated by chlorothiazide in mouse distal convoluted tubule cells. (4/56)

Thiazide diuretics inhibit Na+ and stimulate Ca2+ absorption in renal distal convoluted tubules. Experiments were performed on immortalized mouse distal convoluted tubule (MDCT) cells to determine the mechanism underlying the dissociation of sodium from calcium transport and the stimulation of calcium absorption induced by thiazide diuretics. Control rates of 22Na+ uptake averaged 272 +/- 35 nmol min-1 mg protein-1 and were inhibited 40% by chlorothiazide (CTZ, 10(-4) M). Control rates of 36Cl- uptake averaged 340 +/- 50 nmol min-1 mg protein-1 and were inhibited 50% by CTZ. CTZ stimulated 45Ca2+ uptake by 45% from resting levels of 2.86 +/- 0.26 nmol min-1 mg protein-1. Bumetanide (10(-4) M) had no effect on 22Na+, 36Cl-, or 45Ca2+ uptake. Control levels of intracellular calcium activity ([Ca2+]i) averaged 91 +/- 12 nM. CTZ elicited concentration-dependent increases of [Ca2+]i to a maximum of 654 +/- 31 nM at 10(-4) M. CTZ reduced intracellular chloride activity ([Cl-]i), as determined with the chloride-sensitive fluorescent dye 6-methoxy-N-(3-sulfopropyl)quinolinium. The chloride channel blocker 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB, 10(-5) M) abolished the effect of CTZ on [Cl-]i. NPPB also blocked CTZ-induced increases of 45Ca2+. Resting membrane voltage, measured in cells loaded with the potential-sensitive dye 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide [DiOC6(3)], averaged -72 +/- 2 mV. CTZ hyperpolarized cells in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner. At 10(-4) M, CTZ hyperpolarized MDCT cells by 20.4 +/- 7.2 mV. Reduction of extracellular Cl- or addition of NPPB abolished CTZ-induced hyperpolarization. Direct membrane hyperpolarization increased 45Ca2+ uptake whereas depolarization inhibited 45Ca2+ uptake. CTZ-stimulated 45Ca2+ uptake was inhibited by the Ca2+ channel blocker nifedipine (10(-5) M). We conclude that thiazide diuretics block cellular chloride entry mediated by apical membrane NaCl cotransport. Intracellular chloride, which under control conditions is above its equilibrium value, exits the cell through NPPB-sensitive chloride channels. This decrease of intracellular chloride hyperpolarizes MDCT cells and stimulates Ca2+ entry by apical membrane, dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channels.  (+info)

Fluid transport in a cultured cell model of kidney epithelial cyst enlargement. (5/56)

Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, when seeded into collagen gel, from polarized, spherical, epithelial cysts, which grow by a process involving fluid secretion and cell proliferation. These cysts are a useful model for understanding the dynamics of cyst enlargement in renal cystic disease. The hypothesis that MDCK cyst fluid secretion depends upon chloride secretion was tested, and a cell model for this process is presented here. Lumen and epithelial cell volumes were measured by video microscopy in acute experiments. Fluid absorption (-0.073 +/- 0.007 microliters.h-1.cm-2; N = 8) was observed when cysts were superfused with unsupplemented Dublecco's modified Eagle's medium at 36 to 37 degrees C. Fluid secretion (0.221 +/- 0.0016 microliters.h-1.cm-2; N = 25) was seen when 1 mM dibutyryl cAMP plus 0.1 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine were added to the superfusate. cAMP-induced fluid secretion was significantly inhibited by basolateral 1 mM ouabain, 0.1 mM furosemide, or 1 mM amiloride. It was not significantly affected by 1 mM chlorothiazide, 0.01 mM bumetanide, or 0.1 mM acetazolamide in the presence of normal bicarbonate/CO2. In the nominal absence of bicarbonate/CO2 fluid secretion was 18% of control. Vasopressin-induced fluid secretion was significantly inhibited by pretreatment of cysts with 0.1 mM 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS). Cyst cell shrinkage in isosmotic chloride-free Ringer's solution (chloride replaced by gluconate) was inhibited by 0.1 mM basolateral DIDS. The results suggest that chloride-bicarbonate exchange in the basolateral membrane of MDCK cyst epithelial cells plays a critical role in cyst fluid secretion.  (+info)

Action of chlorothiazide on the distribution excretion and hypotensive effect of pempidine in man. (6/56)

When chlorothiazide is given to hypertensive patients who are receiving pempidine a rise in plasma pempidine concentration occurs and this is proportionately greater than the additional fall in blood pressure. After pempidine has been added to human whole blood in vitro or in vivo the ratio of the pempidine concentration in the red cells to that in the plasma falls in the course of 1 hr from an initial value greater than 2 to about 1.2. If chlorothiazide is present also, however, the ratio remains constant at 0.7. Changes in the plasma pempidine concentration in vivo probably result from the binding of pempidine to plasma protein in the presence of chlorothiazide. This has been observed in vitro by a dialysis technique.  (+info)

A comparison of the use of Aldactone and Aldactone A in the treatment of hepatic ascites. (7/56)

In eight patients with cirrhosis and stable ascites controlled on chlorothiazide and spironolactone, a small particle preparation of spironolactone (Aldactone A) was as effective, at one quarter the dosage, as conventional spironolactone (Aldactone). Plasma spironolactone metabolite levels and urinary excretion of spironolactone metabolite were equivalent with both preparations. The variable dosage requirement of spironolactone in patients with cirrhosis and ascites is discussed in relation to these observations.  (+info)

Dangers in the use of some potent drugs. (8/56)

The chief dangers reported with some common drugs are reviewed. Hazards of antibiotic therapy include: the increasing incidence of sensitization to penicillin with occasional anaphylactic reactions; aplastic anemia with chloramphenicol, and the poor tolerance of infants for chloramphenicol; staphylococcal enterocolitis; unnecessary "prophylactic" use of antibiotics. Thiazide diuretics may precipitate potassium depletion, skin reactions, pancreatitis, blood dyscrasias, gout, diabetes mellitus and hepatic coma. Reserpine can increase gastric acidity, induce mental depression, and when used with digitalis lead to ventricular premature beats. Hydralazine may aggravate angina pectoris, cause tachycardia, and bring about a syndrome resembling disseminated lupus erythematosus. Guanethidine may result in loose stools, impotence, and postural hypotension. Hazards of phenothiazines include jaundice, parkinsonian states and tremors, convulsions, hypotension, and blood dyscrasias. The butanediols have numerous side effects including gastrointestinal, cutaneous and hypotensive reactions. Prolonged corticosteroid therapy introduces a new danger in surgical treatment. The progesterone-like drugs may induce masculinization of the female fetus.  (+info)

*Chlorothiazide

... sodium (Diuril) is an organic compound used as a diuretic and as an antihypertensive. It is used both within the ... In the ICU setting, chlorothiazide is given to diurese a patient in addition to furosemide (Lasix). Working in a separate ... which includes chlorothiazide. They won an Albert Lasker Special Award in 1975 for this work. Ernst, Michael E.; Grimm, Richard ...

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discovered and developed chlorothiazide, which remains the most widely used antihypertensive drug today. This development was ... access-date= requires ,url= (help) Beyer KH (1993). "Chlorothiazide. How the thiazides evolved as antihypertensive therapy". ...

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in the 1950s, and led to the marketing of the first drug of this class, chlorothiazide, under the trade name Diuril in 1958. ... in the 1950s, and the first approved drug of this class, chlorothiazide, was marketed under the trade name Diuril beginning in ... Beyer KH (1993). "Chlorothiazide. How the thiazides evolved as antihypertensive therapy". Hypertension. 22 (3): 388-91. doi: ... The research leading to the discovery of chlorothiazide, leading to "the saving of untold thousands of lives and the ...

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in the 1950s, and led to the marketing of the first drug of this class, chlorothiazide, under the trade name Duiril in 1958. ... The research leading to the discovery of chlorothiazide, leading to "the saving of untold thousands of lives and the ... ". "3/17/1995-Chickenpox Vaccine Licensed". Beyer KH (1993). "Chlorothiazide. How the thiazides evolved as antihypertensive ...

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Related drugs include diazoxide, hydrochlorothiazide, and chlorothiazide. In 1993, it was discovered that cyclothiazide is a ...

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... acetazolamide and thiazide diuretics such as chlorothiazide are also effective. Intravenous glucose and insulin stimulates ...

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The provisional suspension came after testing positive for ostarine, hydrochlorothiazide and chlorothiazide. uSADA conducted ...

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French) Mathematical evaluation of glycemic curves after chlorothiazide administration (Pol Arch Med Wewn. 1967;39(2):219-27. ...

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Some benzothiadiazine derivatives are used as pharmaceutical drugs, including: bendroflumethiazide chlorothiazide cyclothiazide ...

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In 1975, the Lasker Special Public Health Award was awarded to the team that developed chlorothiazide. The results of these ... the first of which was chlorothiazide (Diuril). This was derived from the antibiotic sulfanilamide and became available in 1958 ...

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She failed a drug test in Korea in July, testing positive for the diuretics hydrochlorothiazide and chlorothiazide. She ...

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Examples of diuretics and masking agents are: bumetanide, chlorothiazide, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, probenecid, ...

*Acute decompensated heart failure

These loop diuretics may be combined with thiazide diuretics such as oral metolazone or intravenous chlorothiazide for a ...

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... or chlorothiazide) can increase kidney potassium excretion in people with intact kidney function. Fludrocortisone, a synthetic ...

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Chlorothiazide drugs.com drugs.com international listing of Chlortalidone Page accessed May 13, 2015 ALLHAT Officers and ...

*List of MeSH codes (D03)

... chlorothiazide MeSH D03.438.174.261.476 --- hydrochlorothiazide MeSH D03.438.174.261.476.716 --- trichlormethiazide MeSH ...

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Some of the following measures are often tried: Chlorothiazide Recombinant IGF-I Continuous feeding with formula through a ...

*List of MeSH codes (D02)

... chlorothiazide MeSH D02.886.590.700.135.261.476 --- hydrochlorothiazide MeSH D02.886.590.700.135.261.476.716 --- ... chlorothiazide MeSH D02.886.655.500.261.476 --- hydrochlorothiazide MeSH D02.886.655.500.261.476.716 --- trichlormethiazide ...

*List of drugs: Cf-Ch

Chloroserpine Chlorostat chlorothiazide (INN) chlorotrianisene (INN) chloroxylenol (INN) Chlorphed chlorphenamine (INN) ...

*Antihypertensive drug

... epitizide hydrochlorothiazide and chlorothiazide bendroflumethiazide methyclothiazide polythiazide Thiazide-like diuretics: ...

*ATC code C03

C03AA01 Bendroflumethiazide C03AA02 Hydroflumethiazide C03AA03 Hydrochlorothiazide C03AA04 Chlorothiazide C03AA05 Polythiazide ... and potassium C03AB02 Hydroflumethiazide and potassium C03AB03 Hydrochlorothiazide and potassium C03AB04 Chlorothiazide and ... and potassium C03AB08 Methyclothiazide and potassium C03AB09 Cyclothiazide and potassium C03AH01 Chlorothiazide, combinations ...
Chlorothiazide - Get up-to-date information on Chlorothiazide side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more about Chlorothiazide
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Description of the drug chlorothiazide and reserpine. - patient information, description, dosage and directions. What is chlorothiazide and reserpine!
[150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide (CAS 58-94-6) Industry, 2016 Market Research Report report by Prof Research. The Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide Industry, 2011-2021 Market Research...
Learn about Diuril (Chlorothiazide) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related medications.
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Like other thiazides, chlorothiazide promotes water loss from the body (diuretics). It inhibits Na+/Cl- reabsorption from the distal convoluted tubules in the kidneys. Thiazides also cause loss of potassium and an increase in serum uric acid. Thiazides are often used to treat hypertension, but their hypotensive effects are not necessarily due to their diuretic activity. Thiazides have been shown to prevent hypertension-related morbidity and mortality although the mechanism is not fully understood. Thiazides cause vasodilation by activating calcium-activated potassium channels (large conductance) in vascular smooth muscles and inhibiting various carbonic anhydrases in vascular tissue. Chlorothiazide affects the distal renal tubular mechanism of electrolyte reabsorption. At maximal therapeutic dosages, all thiazides are approximately equal in their diuretic efficacy. Chlorothiazide increases excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Natriuresis may be accompanied by ...
Like other thiazides, chlorothiazide promotes water loss from the body (diuretics). It inhibits Na+/Cl- reabsorption from the distal convoluted tubules in the kidneys. Thiazides also cause loss of potassium and an increase in serum uric acid. Thiazides are often used to treat hypertension, but their hypotensive effects are not necessarily due to their diuretic activity. Thiazides have been shown to prevent hypertension-related morbidity and mortality although the mechanism is not fully understood. Thiazides cause vasodilation by activating calcium-activated potassium channels (large conductance) in vascular smooth muscles and inhibiting various carbonic anhydrases in vascular tissue. Chlorothiazide affects the distal renal tubular mechanism of electrolyte reabsorption. At maximal therapeutic dosages, all thiazides are approximately equal in their diuretic efficacy. Chlorothiazide increases excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Natriuresis may be accompanied by ...
Buprenorphine-naloxone (bup/nal in 4: 1 ratio; Suboxone? Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals Use NSC 405020 supplier Richmond VA) is approved by Food and Drug Administration to find outpatient office-based addiction treatment. relief to find patients not having opioid desire or dependence. Possible components of treatment by bup/nal therapy in opioid-dependent serious pain affected individuals may include change of opioid-induced hyperalgesia and improvement buy Chlorothiazide in opioid patience and desire. Additional research are should assess the inference of bup/nal therapy in clinical inconsiderateness and perioperative pain control. Introduction Serious pain sustainable more than 3-6 months may affect anyone any kind of time stage anytime.[1] buy Chlorothiazide In 2010 23 of the buy Chlorothiazide American population NSC 405020 supplier knowledgeable chronic soreness.[2] It is one of the frequent good seek amounts and an essential public health difficulty for both equally individuals as well ...
Poland syndrome (PS) is a rare congenital condition, affecting 1 in 30 000 live births worldwide, characterised by a unilateral absence of the sternal head of the pectoralis major and ipsilateral symbrachydactyly occasionally associated with abnormalities of musculoskeletal structures. A baby girl, born at 40 weeks gestation with birth weight of 3.33 kg (−0.55 SDS) had typical phenotypical features of PS. She had recurrent hypoglycaemic episodes early in life requiring high concentration of glucose and glucagon infusion. The diagnosis of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) was biochemically confirmed by inappropriately high plasma concentrations of insulin and C-peptide and low plasma free fatty acids and β-hydroxyl butyrate concentrations during hypoglycaemia. Sequencing of ABCC8, KCNJ11 and HNF4A did not show any pathogenic mutation. Microarray analysis revealed a novel duplication in the short arm of chromosome 10 at 10p13-14 region. This is the first reported case of CHI in association with ...
Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Remember that you will need to pass urine frequently after taking this medicine. Do not take your doses at a time of day that will cause you problems. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to ...
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:. ...
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Background Insights in to the onset of evolutionary novelties are fundamental to the knowledge of amniote diversification and origins. from the Mezen River Basin in Russia. We retrieved a well-supported clade thats characterized by a distinctive cheek morphology indicative of the tympanum extending across huge elements of the temporal area to an level not observed in various other amniotes, extant or fossil, and a braincase customized in displaying adjustments linked to a rise in auditory function obviously, unlike the braincase of every other Paleozoic tetrapod. Chlorothiazide manufacture Furthermore, we approximated the proportion of the tympanum region in accordance with the stapedial footplate for the basalmost taxon from the clade, which, Chlorothiazide manufacture at 231, is within close correspondence compared to that of contemporary amniotes with the capacity of effective impedance-matching hearing. Conclusions/Significance Using contemporary amniotes as analogues, the ownership of the ...
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Chlorothiazide decreases plasma volume, heart size, and cardiac output. The oligemia stimulates vasomotor tone; this tends to maintain arterial pressure because chronic arterial hypertension is characteristically self-sustaining and homeostatic. This oligemic stimulation of vasomotor tone results in increased sensitivity to the antihypertensive effect of drugs depressing or blocking vasomotor function.. ...
Learn about the potential side effects of Aldoclor-250 (chlorothiazide/methyldopa). Includes common and rare side effects information for consumers and healthcare professionals.
Looking for online definition of chlorothiazide in the Medical Dictionary? chlorothiazide explanation free. What is chlorothiazide? Meaning of chlorothiazide medical term. What does chlorothiazide mean?
Thiazide (/ˈθaɪəzaɪd/) is a type of molecule and a class of diuretics often used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and edema (such as that caused by heart failure, liver failure, or kidney failure). The thiazides and thiazide-like diuretics reduce the risk of death, stroke, heart attack, and heart failure due to hypertension. The class was discovered and developed at Merck and Co. in the 1950s, and the first approved drug of this class, chlorothiazide, was marketed under the trade name Diuril beginning in 1958. In most countries, the thiazides are the cheapest antihypertensive drugs available. Regarding effectiveness in the treatment of hypertension, a systematic review by the Cochrane Collaboration found: Chlorthalidone reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 12.0/4 mmHg and the reduction is not dose related when tested at a range of doses from 12.5 mg to 75 mg/day. Hydrochlorothiazides effect is dose related and at a maximum dose of 50 mg/day, the reduction is 11 ...
In the physiology of the kidney, tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) is a feedback system inside the kidneys. Within each nephron, information from the renal tubules (a downstream area of the tubular fluid) is signaled to the glomerulus (an upstream area). Tubuloglomerular feedback is one of several mechanisms the kidney uses to regulate glomerular filtration rate (GFR). It involves the concept of purinergic signaling, in which an increased distal tubular sodium chloride concentration causes a basolateral release of adenosine from the macula densa cells. This initiates a cascade of events that ultimately brings GFR to an appropriate level. The kidney maintains the electrolyte concentrations, osmolality, and acid-base balance of blood plasma within the narrow limits that are compatible with effective cellular function; and the kidney participates in blood pressure regulation and in the maintenance of steady whole-organism water volume Fluid flow through the nephron must be kept within a narrow range ...
1. The major angiotensin I-generating activity of rat brain extracts has a pH optimum different from that of renal renin and is not inhibited by renin specific antibody.. 2. Affinity chromatography utilizing renin specific antibody, pepstatin and α-casein yielded fractions that resembled renal renin more closely with respect to antibody inhibition and pH optimum as well as an absence of the ability to hydrolyse haemoglobin.. 3. We conclude that rat brain contains a host of enzymes with angiotensin I-generating activity including acid and neutral proteases and an enzyme with the immunochemical identity of renal renin. The biosynthetic origins of this renin-like protein remain uncertain.. ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Thiazide Diuretic, Thiazide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Chlorothiazide, Chlorthalidone, Indapamide, Metolazone, Zaroxolyn.
The renal effects of known uricosuric agents have been studied by standard clearance techniques in male chimpanzees. Probenecid, sulfinpyrazone and zoxazolaznine were orally active. Low doses of probenecid elicited a modest uricosuric effect suggesting that the renal transport of urate in this species may be more sensitive than that which obtains in man. Salicylate and carinamide were uricosuric; iodopyracet at high loads was also strongly uricosuric. Chlorothiazide administered i.v. produced a very transient increase in uric acid excretion similar to that seen in man.. ...
Case Reports in Pediatrics is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports related to pediatric subspecialities, such as adolescent medicine, cardiology, critical care, dentistry, developmental and behavioral medicine, endocrinology, gastroenterology, genetics, haematology and oncology, neo- and perinatology, nephrology, neurology, psychology, pulmonology, rheumatology, and surgery.
Ethacrynic acid belongs to a group of medicines called loop diuretics or "water pills." Ethacrynic acid is given to help treat fluid retention (edema) and swelling that is caused by congestive heart failure, liver disease, kidney disease, or other medical conditions. It works by acting on the kidneys to increase the flow of urine . ...
Neogens Ethacrynic Acid ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) test kit is a qualitative one-step kit designed for use as a screening device for the detection of Ethacrynic acid. The kit was designed for screening purposes and is intended for forensic use only.. ...
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Ethacrynic acid is a loop diuretic (water pill) that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt, allowing the salt to instead be passed in your urine.
Define ethacrynic acid. ethacrynic acid synonyms, ethacrynic acid pronunciation, ethacrynic acid translation, English dictionary definition of ethacrynic acid. n. A compound, C13H12Cl2O4, used as a diuretic primarily to treat severe edema. Noun 1. ethacrynic acid - diuretic used to treat edema Edecrin diuretic,...
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered: Allergies- Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully. Children- Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ethacrynic acid in children below 2 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established . Older adults- Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ethacrynic acid in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may ...
Chlorpropamide is a type of medicine called a sulphonylurea. It is used to help control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
In order to get the diuretic effects of fruit, you should eat two portions everyday. Here are some of the best natural diuretics: fruit.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of sodium delivery on superoxide and nitric oxide in the medullary thick ascending limb. AU - Abe, Michiaki. AU - OConnor, Paul. AU - Kaldunski, Mary. AU - Liang, Mingyu. AU - Roman, Richard J.. AU - Cowley, Allen W.. PY - 2006/8/4. Y1 - 2006/8/4. N2 - Hypertension is associated with increased levels of oxidative stress and medullary renal injury. Previous studies have shown that elevations in renal perfusion pressure increase Na+ delivery to the medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL), and enhancement of NaCl transport in the outer medulla has been reported in many experimental forms of hypertension. This study examined the effects of increased Na+ and fluid delivery in mTAL perfused in vitro on the generation of superoxide. Osmolality was maintained constant between low- and high-Na+ perfusates by adjusting with choline Cl-. Real-time fluorescent microscopic techniques were used to determine the generation of superoxide and nitric oxide in individual mTAL cells using ...
The water that is pulled out of the body due to alcohols diuretic effect is from 1. cerebral tissue. 2. skeletal muscle. 3. fat stores. 4. cerebrospinal fluid.
ব্যবহার: এই গুল্ম লতাটির বিশেষ ঔষধি গুণ আছে। চায়নাতে একে ভেষজ ঔষধ হিসাবে ব্যবহার করা হয়। এটি Diuretic, febrifuge and anti-inflamatory হিসাবে কাজ করে। এর এলকালয়েড মানুষের জন্য উপকারি। ইহা ল্যাক্সেটিভ, স্কিনের ইনফ্লামেশান সারাতে ও কুস্ট রোগে ব্যবহার হয়। কারও হাত-পা কেটে গেলে সাথে সাথে এই লতার ডগা ভেঙে পানির মত যে রস বা আঠা পাওয়া যাবে তা কাটা স্থানে লাগিয়ে দিলে এক মিনিটের মধ্যে কাটা স্থান জোড়া লেগে যায়। গ্লু ...
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Radcliffe Cardiology article authored by Pierluigi Merella covering topics - Heart failure, diuretic therapy, diuretic resistance & on other cardiology field
1. The pressor role of renin stimulated by chronic diuretic therapy has been assessed in 31 patients with essential hypertension by infusing the angiotensin II antagonist, saralasin, immediately before and at the end of 2 weeks treatment with the diuretic, chlorthalidone.. 2. Under diuretic therapy the change in blood pressure caused by saralasin was found to be correlated to plasma renin activity values, in such a way that small pressor responses were again observed in patients whose renin was mildly stimulated by the diuretic, whereas a marked depressor response occurred in patients whose renin was markedly increased.. 3. On the other hand, the hypotensive effect of chlorthalidone was correlated to values of plasma renin activity under diuretic therapy in an opposite direction: indeed little or no decrease and sometimes an increase in blood pressure were observed in patients with marked renin activation by diuretic therapy.. 4. It is concluded that stimulation of renin release by chronic ...
Compare prices and find information about Thiazide Diuretics prescription drugs. Thiazide diuretics are used to lower blood pressure to treat...
Learn more about Thiazide Diuretics at Medical City Dallas Potassium -Probable Need for Supplementation Magnesium -...
article{265516, author = {Gasthuys, Frank and Martens, Ann and GOOSSENS, L and De Moor, Antoine}, journal = {Journal Ass. vet. Anaesth., 23}, language = {eng}, pages = {6--10}, title = {A quantitative and qualitative study of the diuretic effects of romifidine in the horse}, year = {1996 ...
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Check your blood pressure regularly. Ask your doctor or health care professional what your blood pressure should be, and when you should contact him or her. If you are diabetic, check your blood sugar as directed. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.. You may need to be on a special diet while taking this medicine. Ask your doctor. Also, ask how many glasses of fluids you need to drink each day. You must not get dehydrated.. This medication can make you feel confused, dizzy or lightheaded. Drinking alcohol can make this worse. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. To reduce the risk of dizzy or fainting spells, do not sit or stand up quickly.. ...
Diuretics, also known as diuretics or natriuretics, are a group whose most important task is to increase the volume of urine we excrete. What is the effect of diuretics? Most diuretics are used to increase the excretion of
First thing you should realize before taking diuretics is if you have more than 5 pounds to lose on them you have screwed up your prep and taking diuretics will help but they are not going to fix the problem. Losing any more than 5 pounds and the water will be pulled out of the muscle and not only will you not be shredded but you will look flat. Second thing is you want to drink water on them and leave the fucking salt in, dont over think the diuretic, it knows what to do, you pull salt and

Chlorothiazide - WikipediaChlorothiazide - Wikipedia

Chlorothiazide sodium (Diuril) is an organic compound used as a diuretic and as an antihypertensive. It is used both within the ... In the ICU setting, chlorothiazide is given to diurese a patient in addition to furosemide (Lasix). Working in a separate ... which includes chlorothiazide. They won an Albert Lasker Special Award in 1975 for this work. Ernst, Michael E.; Grimm, Richard ...
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Chlorothiazide: MedlinePlus Drug InformationChlorothiazide: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Chlorothiazide: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Chlorothiazide is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Chlorothiazide is used to ... Continue to take chlorothiazide even if you feel well. Do not stop taking chlorothiazide without talking to your doctor. ... Before taking chlorothiazide,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to chlorothiazide, sulfonamide antibiotic ...
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Chlorothiazide tabletsChlorothiazide tablets

CHLOROTHIAZIDE (klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount of urine passed, which causes the body to lose salt ... Chlorothiazide tablets. What is this medicine?. CHLOROTHIAZIDE (klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount of ... an unusual or allergic reaction to chlorothiazide, sulfa drugs, or other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ...
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Chlorothiazide injectionChlorothiazide injection

CHLOROTHIAZIDE (klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount of urine passed, which causes the body to lose salt ... Chlorothiazide injection. What is this medicine?. CHLOROTHIAZIDE (klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount ... an unusual or allergic reaction to chlorothiazide, sulfa drugs, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ...
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chlorothiazide | Cignachlorothiazide | Cigna

Chlorothiazide treats fluid retention (edema) in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or kidney ... Chlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause ... What is chlorothiazide?. Chlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing too ... Chlorothiazide is also used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).. Chlorothiazide may also be used for purposes not ...
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Chlorothiazide/Methyldopa Support Group - Drugs.comChlorothiazide/Methyldopa Support Group - Drugs.com

Ask questions and get answers about Chlorothiazide/Methyldopa. Our support group helps people share their own experience. 13 ... Home › Q & A › Support Groups › Chlorothiazide / Methyldopa. Join the Chlorothiazide / Methyldopa group to help and get ... Chlorothiazide / Methyldopa Patient Information at Drugs.com. *Side Effects of Chlorothiazide / Methyldopa (detailed) ...
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Chlorothiazide (Oral Route) Precautions - Mayo ClinicChlorothiazide (Oral Route) Precautions - Mayo Clinic

Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while taking this medicine: convulsions or seizures; decreased urine; drowsiness; dry mouth; excessive thirst; muscle pains or cramps; nausea or vomiting; increased heart rate or pulse; or unusual tiredness or weakness. These may be symptoms of a condition called hypokalemia or low potassium.. This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy. Do not drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy.. Drinking alcoholic beverages may also make the dizziness worse. While you are taking this medicine, be careful to limit the amount of alcohol you drink.. Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking this medicine. The results of some tests (e.g., tests for parathyroid function) may be affected by this medicine.. ...
more infohttps://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/chlorothiazide-oral-route/precautions/drg-20071802

Chlorothiazide (Oral Route) Side Effects - Mayo ClinicChlorothiazide (Oral Route) Side Effects - Mayo Clinic

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:. ...
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Diuril (Chlorothiazide): Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage & UsesDiuril (Chlorothiazide): Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage & Uses

Chlorothiazide) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related ... chlorothiazide) Oral Suspension. DESCRIPTION. DIURIL (Chlorothiazide) is a diuretic and antihypertensive. It is 6-chloro-2 H-1, ... DIURIL (chlorothiazide) is not metabolized but is eliminated rapidly by the kidney. The plasma half-life of chlorothiazide is ... DIURIL (chlorothiazide) does not usually affect normal blood pressure.. DIURIL (chlorothiazide) affects the distal renal ...
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Chlorothiazide (oral/injection) Uses, Side Effects & Warnings - Drugs.comChlorothiazide (oral/injection) Uses, Side Effects & Warnings - Drugs.com

... includes chlorothiazide (oral/injection) description, dosage and directions. ... Physician reviewed chlorothiazide (oral/injection) (oral/injection) patient information - ... Chlorothiazide (oral/injection). Generic Name: chlorothiazide (oral/injection) (KLOR oh THYE a zide). Brand Name: Diuril, ... Chlorothiazide is also used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).. Chlorothiazide may also be used for purposes not ...
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Sagent Pharmaceuticals Announces the Launch of Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USPSagent Pharmaceuticals Announces the Launch of Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USP

today announced the launch of Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USP, a diuretic/antihypertensive agent, in a 500 mg ... According to IMS, for the 12 months ending August 2015, the US market for Chlorothiazide approximated $29 million. Sagent ... About Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USP. Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated as adjunctive therapy in ... Chlorothiazide Sodium for Injection, USP has also been found useful in edema due to various forms of renal dysfunction such as ...
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Chlorothiazide | definition of chlorothiazide by Medical dictionaryChlorothiazide | definition of chlorothiazide by Medical dictionary

... chlorothiazide explanation free. What is chlorothiazide? Meaning of chlorothiazide medical term. What does chlorothiazide mean? ... Looking for online definition of chlorothiazide in the Medical Dictionary? ... chlorothiazide. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.. Related to chlorothiazide: furosemide chlorothiazide. [klor″o ... Limited Tenders are invited for Procurement Of Hydro Chlorothiazide 12.. Procurement of hydro chlorothiazide 12.5mg t ...
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Chlorothiazide injection - AHealthyMe - Blue Cross Blue Shield of MassachusettsChlorothiazide injection - AHealthyMe - Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts

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Chlorothiazide (By injection) | Lima Memorial Health SystemChlorothiazide (By injection) | Lima Memorial Health System

Chlorothiazide Sodium Novaplus, PremierPro Rx Chlorothiazide Sodium, Sodium Diuril. There may be other brand names for this ... Chlorothiazide (By injection). Chlorothiazide (klor-oh-THYE-a-zide). Treats edema. This medicine is a diuretic (water pill) and ... Do not receive it if you had an allergic reaction to chlorothiazide or to sulfa drugs, or if you cannot urinate.. How to Use ... Many other drugs can interact with chlorothiazide. Make sure your doctor knows about all other medicines you are taking, ...
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A Mechanism of Chlorothiazide-Enhanced Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Ganglioplegic Drugs | CirculationA Mechanism of Chlorothiazide-Enhanced Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Ganglioplegic Drugs | Circulation

A Mechanism of Chlorothiazide-Enhanced Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Ganglioplegic Drugs. HARRIET P. DUSTAN, G. R. CUMMING ... A Mechanism of Chlorothiazide-Enhanced Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Ganglioplegic Drugs. HARRIET P. DUSTAN, G. R. CUMMING ... A Mechanism of Chlorothiazide-Enhanced Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Ganglioplegic Drugs. HARRIET P. DUSTAN, G. R. CUMMING ... Chlorothiazide decreases plasma volume, heart size, and cardiac output. The oligemia stimulates vasomotor tone; this tends to ...
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Differential Diagnosis: chlorothiazide, Multiple skin lesionsDifferential Diagnosis: chlorothiazide, Multiple skin lesions

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Leki refundowane - Cena i zamienniki leku chlorothiazide tabletsLeki refundowane - Cena i zamienniki leku chlorothiazide tablets

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Use of Chlorothiazide in the Management of Central Diabetes Insipidus in Early InfancyUse of Chlorothiazide in the Management of Central Diabetes Insipidus in Early Infancy

... Manish Raisingani, Resmy Palliyil Gopi ... Oral chlorothiazide is a potential bridging agent for treatment of central DI along with low renal solute load formula in early ... There are few cases reporting chlorothiazide as a temporizing measure for central diabetes insipidus in infancy. A male infant ... Patient was started on low renal solute load formula and oral chlorothiazide. There were normalization of serum sodium, ...
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Chlorothiazide Sodium / Products / American RegentChlorothiazide Sodium / Products / American Regent

Chlorothiazide sodium for injection, USP has also been found useful in edema due to various forms of renal dysfunction such as ... Rx Only FOR THE PREPARATION OF INTRAVENOUS SOLUTIONS INDICATIONS AND USAGE Chlorothiazide sodium for injection, USP is ... Chlorothiazide sodium for injection should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Nonteratogenic Effects: ... Chlorothiazide sodium for injection, USP should be reserved for patients unable to take oral medication or for emergency ...
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chlorothiazide : Information on Uses, Dosage & Side Effectschlorothiazide : Information on Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

CHLOROTHIAZIDE (klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount of urine passed, which causes the body to lose salt ... chlorothiazide (generic name). It increases the amount of urine passed, which causes the body to lose salt and water ... an unusual or allergic reaction to chlorothiazide, sulfa drugs, or other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ...
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Chlorothiazide  - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWikiChlorothiazide - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWiki

Get up-to-date information on Chlorothiazide side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more ... Chlorothiazide can be taken with or without food.. *Chlorothiazide also comes in an injectable form to be given directly into a ... How was your experience with Chlorothiazide?. First, a little about yourself. Male Female ... Take chlorothiazide exactly as prescribed.. *This medication comes in tablet and liquid form and is usually taken once or twice ...
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DIURIL INJ (Chlorothiazide) dosage, indication, interactions, side effects | EMPR - ONADIURIL INJ (Chlorothiazide) dosage, indication, interactions, side effects | EMPR - ONA

Chlorothiazide) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient ... Chlorothiazide (as sodium) 500mg/vial; pwd for IV inj after reconstitution; contains mannitol. ...
more infohttps://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/diuril-inj/drug/222/

Global Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection Market Research Report 2020 : ReportsnReportsGlobal Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection Market Research Report 2020 : ReportsnReports

Chlorothiazide is a diuretic used to treat high blood pressure (... ... 90 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection Market Research Report 2020 report by QYResearch ... Global Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) (based on the Revenue in Chlorothiazide ... U.S. Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection Sales Growth Rate (2015-2020) (K Units). Figure 23. U.S. Chlorothiazide Sodium Injection ...
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Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide (CAS 58-94-6) Industry, 2016 Market Research Report : ReportsnReportsGlobal and Chinese Chlorothiazide (CAS 58-94-6) Industry, 2016 Market Research Report : ReportsnReports

The Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide Industry, 2011-2021 Market Research... ... 150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide (CAS 58-94-6) Industry, 2016 Market Research Report ... 8.3 Effects to Chlorothiazide Industry Chapter Nine Market Dynamics of Chlorothiazide Industry 9.1 Chlorothiazide Industry News ... 1.3 Status of Chlorothiazide Industry Chapter Two Manufacturing Technology of Chlorothiazide 2.1 Development of Chlorothiazide ...
more infohttp://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/593783-global-and-chinese-chlorothiazide-cas-58-94-6-industry-2016-market-research-report.html

Complexes With Biologically Active Ligands. Part 4. Coordination
Compounds of Chlorothiazide With Transition Metal Ions Behave...Complexes With Biologically Active Ligands. Part 4. Coordination Compounds of Chlorothiazide With Transition Metal Ions Behave...

Part 4. Coordination Compounds of Chlorothiazide With Transition Metal Ions Behave as Strong Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors. ... Part 4. Coordination Compounds of Chlorothiazide With Transition Metal Ions Behave as Strong Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors," ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/mbd/1996/215475/cta/
  • With each change in dosage, it may take several weeks to see the full blood pressure-lowering effects of chlorothiazide. (emedtv.com)
  • The maximum chlorothiazide dosage is 375 mg per day (for those 2 years old or younger) or 1000 mg per day (for children 2 to 12 years old). (emedtv.com)
  • Chlorothiazide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. (cigna.com)
  • As with all products in Sagent's portfolio, Chlorothiazide features Sagent's PreventIV Measures SM Packaging and Labeling, designed to help reduce the risk of medication errors. (cnbc.com)
  • For adults who are first starting chlorothiazide, dosing typically starts at 500 to 1000 mg daily, taken in one dose or split into two doses each day. (emedtv.com)
  • The recommended starting chlorothiazide dose for high blood pressure or water retention is 500 to 1000 mg, taken either once a day or split up into two doses per day. (emedtv.com)
  • The recommended chlorothiazide dose for children and infants depends on the age and weight of the child. (emedtv.com)
  • The recommended dose of chlorothiazide is 5 to 10 mg per pound of body weight each day (either taken in one daily dose or two smaller doses per day). (emedtv.com)
  • Infants younger than six months old may need a higher dose (chlorothiazide 15 mg per pound per day). (emedtv.com)
  • However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving chlorothiazide. (pharmacypedia.org)
  • you should know that chlorothiazide may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting when you get up too quickly from a lying position. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Patient was started on low renal solute load formula and oral chlorothiazide. (hindawi.com)
  • Oral chlorothiazide is a potential bridging agent for treatment of central DI along with low renal solute load formula in early infancy. (hindawi.com)
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking chlorothiazide? (cigna.com)
  • Chlorothiazide also comes in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) by a healthcare provider. (rxwiki.com)
  • hypokalemia / hypomagnesia) The Research team of Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories of Beyer, Sprague, Baer, and Novello created a new series of medications, the thiazide diuretics, which includes chlorothiazide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thiazide diuretics, like chlorothiazide, should be used with caution in people with liver disease. (rxwiki.com)
  • Too much salt will cause your body to retain water and will decrease the effects of chlorothiazide. (drugster.info)
  • Chlorothiazide comes as a tablet and suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Chlorothiazide can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. (cigna.com)
  • It is not known whether chlorothiazide will harm an unborn baby. (drugs.com)
  • NDA 090896 describes CHLOROTHIAZIDE SODIUM , which is a drug marketed by Fresenius Kabi Usa , Luitpold , Mylan Institutional , Sagent Pharms , and Sun Pharma Global , and is included in five NDAs. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Join the ' Chlorothiazide / Methyldopa ' group to help and get support from people like you. (drugs.com)
  • According to IMS, for the 12 months ending August 2015, the US market for Chlorothiazide approximated $29 million. (cnbc.com)
  • The ''Global and Chinese Chlorothiazide Industry, 2011-2021 Market Research Report'' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Chlorothiazide industry with a focus on the Chinese market. (reportsnreports.com)
  • The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Chlorothiazide manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including its definition, applications and manufacturing technology. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global and Chinese total market of Chlorothiazide industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export. (reportsnreports.com)
  • The report then estimates 2016-2021 market development trends of Chlorothiazide industry. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Chlorothiazide may also be used to treat patients with diabetes insipidus and certain electrolyte disturbances and to prevent kidney stones in patients with high levels of calcium in their blood. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Chlorothiazide dosing for children shouldn't exceed 375 mg (for those under 2 years old) or 1000 mg daily (for those 2 to 12 years old). (emedtv.com)
  • The synthesis of chlorothiazide by Novello and Sprague 1 and the discovery of its favorable saluretic action 2, 18, 19 introduced a unique type of pharmaceutic agent to the management of cardiovascular diseases. (annals.org)