Chlorophyllides: Products of the hydrolysis of chlorophylls in which the phytic acid side chain has been removed and the carboxylic acids saponified.Chlorophyll: Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.Citrus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.Cucurbita: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)District of Columbia: A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.Hepatolenticular Degeneration: A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 3.6.3.4), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical: Anastomosis of splenic vein to renal vein to relieve portal hypertension.Gene Ontology: Sets of structured vocabularies used for describing and categorizing genes, and gene products by their molecular function, involvement in biological processes, and cellular location. These vocabularies and their associations to genes and gene products (Gene Ontology annotations) are generated and curated by the Gene Ontology Consortium.Lyases: A class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of C-C, C-O, and C-N, and other bonds by other means than by hydrolysis or oxidation. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.Chloroplast Thioredoxins: A subtype of thioredoxins found primarily in CHLOROPLASTS.Thioredoxins: Hydrogen-donating proteins that participates in a variety of biochemical reactions including ribonucleotide reduction and reduction of PEROXIREDOXINS. Thioredoxin is oxidized from a dithiol to a disulfide when acting as a reducing cofactor. The disulfide form is then reduced by NADPH in a reaction catalyzed by THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Chloroplasts: Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Protochlorophyllide: A photo-active pigment localized in prolamellar bodies occurring within the proplastids of dark-grown bean leaves. In the process of photoconversion, the highly fluorescent protochlorophyllide is converted to chlorophyll.Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on carbon-carbon bonds. This enzyme group includes all the enzymes that introduce double bonds into substrates by direct dehydrogenation of carbon-carbon single bonds.Synechocystis: A form-genus of unicellular CYANOBACTERIA in the order Chroococcales. None of the strains fix NITROGEN, there are no gas vacuoles, and sheath layers are never produced.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Protein Array Analysis: Ligand-binding assays that measure protein-protein, protein-small molecule, or protein-nucleic acid interactions using a very large set of capturing molecules, i.e., those attached separately on a solid support, to measure the presence or interaction of target molecules in the sample.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Phleum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Phl p 4 allergen.Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).Syndactyly: A congenital anomaly of the hand or foot, marked by the webbing between adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactylies are classified as complete or incomplete by the degree of joining. Syndactylies can also be simple or complex. Simple syndactyly indicates joining of only skin or soft tissue; complex syndactyly marks joining of bony elements.Glycosylation: The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Nurse Midwives: Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Rh-Hr Blood-Group System: Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.ArchivesErythroblastosis, Fetal: A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.Rh Isoimmunization: The process by which fetal Rh+ erythrocytes enter the circulation of an Rh- mother, causing her to produce IMMUNOGLOBULIN G antibodies, which can cross the placenta and destroy the erythrocytes of Rh+ fetuses. Rh isoimmunization can also be caused by BLOOD TRANSFUSION with mismatched blood.Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters: A family of proteins involved in the transport of monocarboxylic acids such as LACTIC ACID and PYRUVIC ACID across cellular membranes.Dictionaries, ChemicalCarboxylic Acids: Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.Dicarboxylic AcidsAgrochemicals: Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.Coumaric Acids: Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.Dictionaries, Medical

Inhibition of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-induced multi-organ carcinogenesis by dietary chlorophyllin in rainbow trout. (1/63)

Cancer chemoprevention by dietary chlorophyllin (CHL) was investigated in a rainbow trout multi-organ tumor model. In study 1, duplicate groups of 130 juvenile trout were treated for 2 weeks with control diet, 500 p.p.m. dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) or 500 p.p.m. DB[a,l]P + 2052 p.p.m. CHL, then returned to control diet. DB[a,l]P alone proved somewhat toxic but induced high tumor incidences in liver (61%), stomach (91%) and swimbladder (53%) 11 months after initiation. CHL co-feeding abrogated DB[a,l]P acute toxicity and reduced tumor incidences to 18% in liver, 34% in stomach and 3% in swimbladder (P +info)

Chlorophyllin as an effective antioxidant against membrane damage in vitro and ex vivo. (2/63)

Chlorophyllin (CHL), the sodium-copper salt and the water-soluble analogue of the ubiquitous green pigment chlorophyll, has been attributed to have several beneficial properties. Its antioxidant ability, however, has not been examined in detail. Using rat liver mitochondria as model system and various sources for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) we have examined the membrane-protective properties of CHL both under in vitro and ex vivo conditions. Oxidative damage to proteins was assessed as inactivation of the enzymes, cytochrome c oxidase and succinic dehydrogenase besides formation of protein carbonyls. Damage to membrane lipids was measured by formation of lipid hydroperoxides and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. The effect of this compound on the antioxidant defense system was studied by estimating the level of glutathione and superoxide dismutase. ROS were generated by gamma-radiation, photosensitization, ascorbate-Fe(2+), NADPH-ADP-Fe(3+) and the peroxyl radical generating agent, azobis-amidopropane hydrochloride. Our results show that CHL is highly effective in protecting mitochondria, even at a low concentration of 10 microM. The antioxidant ability, at equimolar concentration, was more than that observed with ascorbic acid, glutathione, mannitol and tert-butanol. When CHL was fed to mice at a dose of 1% in drinking water, there was a significant reduction in the potential for oxidative damage in cell suspensions from liver, brain and testis. To examine the possible mechanisms responsible for the observed antioxidant ability we have studied the reaction of CHL with the potent ROS in the form of hydroxyl radical and singlet oxygen. The compound shows a fairly high rate constant with singlet oxygen, in the order of 1.3x10(8) M(-1) s(-1). In conclusion, our studies showed that CHL is a highly effective antioxidant, capable of protecting mitochondria against oxidative damage induced by various ROS.  (+info)

NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase from Synechocystis: overexpression, purification and preliminary characterisation. (3/63)

NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) catalyses the light-dependent reduction of protochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide, a key regulatory reaction in the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway. POR from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis has been overproduced in Escherichia coli with a hexahistidine tag at the N-terminus. This enzyme (His(6)-POR) has been purified to homogeneity and a preliminary characterisation of its kinetic and substrate binding properties is presented. Chemical modification experiments have been used to demonstrate inhibition of POR activity by the thiol-specific reagent N-ethyl maleimide. Substrate protection experiments reveal that the modified Cys residues are involved in either substrate binding or catalysis.  (+info)

The formation of chlorophyll from chlorophyllide in leaves containing proplastids is a four-step process. (4/63)

The time course of the different esters of chlorophyllide (Chlide) during the formation of chlorophyll a (Chl) in embryonic bean leaves containing proplastids was investigated by HPLC. After the reduction of photoactive Pchlide (Pchlide) to Chlide, three intermediates, i.e. Chlide geranylgeraniol, Chlide dihydrogeranylgeraniol and Chlide tetrahydrogeranylgeraniol were detected before the formation of Chlide phytol, i.e. authentic Chl. The transformation of Chlide to Chl was found to be much faster in leaves containing proplastids than in etiolated leaves with etioplasts.  (+info)

Post-initiation effects of chlorophyllin and indole-3-carbinol in rats given 1,2-dimethylhydrazine or 2-amino-3-methyl- imidazo. (5/63)

Chlorophyllin (CHL) is a water-soluble derivative of chlorophyll, the ubiquitous pigment in green and leafy vegetables, whereas indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is present in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. In rats initiated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), CHL and I3C reportedly promoted or enhanced the incidence of colon tumors when they were administered after, or during and after the carcinogen exposure, respectively. The same compounds given post-initiation inhibited the formation of colonic aberrant crypts induced by heterocyclic amines, such as 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), but tumor suppression was not examined in the latter studies. In the present investigation, male F344 rats were treated with IQ or DMH during the first 5 weeks of a 1 year study; IQ was given in the diet (0.03%), whereas DMH was administered once a week by s.c. injection (20 mg/kg body wt). Beginning 1 week after the last dose of IQ or DMH until sacrifice, rats received 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1% (w/v) CHL in the drinking water or 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1% I3C in the diet. Compared with controls given carcinogen alone, 0.1% I3C treatment suppressed the multiplicity of IQ-induced colon tumors, and CHL inhibited in a dose-related manner the incidence of IQ-induced liver tumors. However, 0.001% CHL increased significantly the multiplicity of DMH-induced colon tumors while having no effect on the colon tumors induced by IQ. These results indicate that both the choice of carcinogen as well as the dose of the tumor modulator can be important determinants of the events that occur during post-initiation exposure to CHL or I3C. Based on the present findings and data in the literature, it is possible for CHL and I3C to act as tumor promoters or anticarcinogens, depending upon the test species, initiating agent and exposure protocol.  (+info)

beta-Catenin mutation in rat colon tumors initiated by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline, and the effect of post-initiation treatment with chlorophyllin and indole-3-carbinol. (6/63)

Carcinogens 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induce colon tumors in the rat that contain mutations in beta-catenin, but the pattern of mutation differs from that found in human colon cancers. In both species, mutations affect the glycogen synthase kinase-3beta consensus region of beta-catenin, but whereas they directly substitute critical Ser/Thr phosphorylation sites in human colon cancers, the majority of mutations cluster around Ser33 in the rat tumors. Two dietary phytochemicals, chlorophyllin and indole-3-carbinol, given post-initiation, shifted the pattern of beta-catenin mutations in rat colon tumors induced by IQ and DMH. Specifically, 17/39 (44%) of the beta-catenin mutations in groups given carcinogen plus modulator were in codons 37, 41 and 45, and substituted critical Ser/Thr residues directly, as seen in human colon cancers. None of the tumors from groups given carcinogen alone had mutations in these codons. Interestingly, many of the mutations that substituted critical Ser/Thr residues in beta-catenin were from a single group given DMH and 0.001% chlorophyllin, in which a statistically significant increase in colon tumor multiplicity was observed compared with the group given DMH only. These tumors had marked over-expression of cyclin D1, c-myc and c-jun mRNA and c-Myc and c-Jun proteins were strongly elevated compared with tumors containing wild-type beta-catenin. The results indicate that the pattern of beta-catenin mutations in rat colon tumors can be influenced by exposure to dietary phytochemicals administered post-initiation, and that the mechanism might involve the altered expression of beta-catenin/Tcf/Lef target genes.  (+info)

Spectroscopic analysis of desiccation-induced alterations of the chlorophyllide transformation pathway in etiolated barley leaves. (7/63)

Effects of water deficit on the chlorophyllide (Chlide) transformation pathway were studied in etiolated barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves by analyzing absorption spectra and 77-K fluorescence spectra deconvoluted in components. Chlide transformations were examined in dehydrated leaves exposed to a 35-ms saturating flash triggering protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) and Chlide transformation processes. During the 90 min following the flash, we found that dehydration induced modifications of Chlide transformations, but no effect on Pchlide phototransformation into Chlide was observed. During this time, content of NADPH-Pchlide oxydoreductase in leaves did not change. Chlide transformation process in dehydrated leaves was characterized by the alteration of the Shibata shift process, by the appearance of a new Chlide species emitting at 692 nm, and by the favored formation of Chl(ide) A(668)F(676). The formation of Chl(ide) A(668)F(676), so-called "free Chlide," was probably induced by disaggregation of highly aggregated Chlide complexes. Here, we offer evidence for the alteration of photoactive Pchlide regeneration process, which may be caused by the desiccation-induced inhibition of Pchlide synthesis.  (+info)

Chlorophyllin intervention reduces aflatoxin-DNA adducts in individuals at high risk for liver cancer. (8/63)

Residents of Qidong, People's Republic of China, are at high risk for development of hepatocellular carcinoma, in part from consumption of foods contaminated with aflatoxins. Chlorophyllin, a mixture of semisynthetic, water-soluble derivatives of chlorophyll that is used as a food colorant and over-the-counter medicine, has been shown to be an effective inhibitor of aflatoxin hepatocarcinogenesis in animal models by blocking carcinogen bioavailability. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled chemoprevention trial, we tested whether chlorophyllin could alter the disposition of aflatoxin. One hundred and eighty healthy adults from Qidong were randomly assigned to ingest 100 mg of chlorophyllin or a placebo three times a day for 4 months. The primary endpoint was modulation of levels of aflatoxin-N(7)-guanine adducts in urine samples collected 3 months into the intervention measured by using sequential immunoaffinity chromatography and liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry. This aflatoxin-DNA adduct excretion product serves as a biomarker of the biologically effective dose of aflatoxin, and elevated levels are associated with increased risk of liver cancer. Adherence to the study protocol was outstanding, and no adverse events were reported. Aflatoxin-N(7)-guanine could be detected in 105 of 169 available samples. Chlorophyllin consumption at each meal led to an overall 55% reduction (P = 0.036) in median urinary levels of this aflatoxin biomarker compared with those taking placebo. Thus, prophylactic interventions with chlorophyllin or supplementation of diets with foods rich in chlorophylls may represent practical means to prevent the development of hepatocellular carcinoma or other environmentally induced cancers.  (+info)

*Chlorophyllide

A chlorophyllide is an immediate precursor of a chlorophyll. For example, chlorophyllide a is converted to chlorophyll a after ...

*Chlorophyllide-a oxygenase

... (EC 1.14.13.122, chlorophyllide a oxygenase, chlorophyll-b synthase, CAO) is an enzyme with ... Chlorophyllide-a oxygenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction (1) chlorophyllide a + O2 + NADPH + H+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ... chlorophyllide b + 2 H2O + NADP+ This enzyme contains a mononuclear iron centre. Espineda, C.E.; Linford, A.S.; Devine, D.; ...

*Chlorophyll(ide) b reductase

... (EC 1.1.1.294, chlorophyll b reductase, Chl b reductase) is an enzyme with systematic name 71- ... Chlorophyll(ide) b reductase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... Scheumann, V.; Ito, H.; Tanaka, A.; Schoch, S.; Rüdiger, W. (1996). "Substrate specificity of chlorophyll(ide) b reductase in ... chlorophyllide b + NAD(P)H + H+ This enzyme carries out the first step in the conversion of chlorophyll b to chlorophyll a. It ...

*Divinyl chlorophyllide a 8-vinyl-reductase

Parham R, Rebeiz CA (1992). "Chloroplast biogenesis: [4-vinyl] chlorophyllide a reductase is a divinyl chlorophyllide a- ... divinyl chlorophyllide a + NADPH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are chlorophyllide a and NADP+, whereas its 3 ... chlorophyllide a reductase assay using divinyl chlorophyllide a as an exogenous substrate". Anal. Biochem. 231 (1): 164-9. doi: ... In enzymology, a divinyl chlorophyllide a 8-vinyl-reductase (EC 1.3.1.75) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ...

*Mikhail Tsvet

Über die Chlorophyllide" (Investigations of chlorophyll: 19. On chlorophyllide), Annalen der Chemie, 387 : 317-386. On pages ... Die freien Chlorophyllide sind zu unbeständig ; ihre Farbe schlägt leicht in braun um, wenn sie von Adsorbentien aufgenommen ... Free chlorophyllides are too unstable ; their colors turn brown readily when they are adsorbed. But even methylchlorophyllides ... Beim Adsorbieren mit Calciumcarbonat und beim Ausziehen mit Alkohol unterliegen alle Chlorophyllide, wie wir in unseren letzten ...

*Chlorophyllase

This product is chlorophyllide. Chlorophyllide is then broken down to Pheophorbide A. After Pheophorbide a is formed, the ... Chlorophyllide, the product of the reaction catalyzed by chlorophyllase, spontaneously combines with plant lipids such as ... Chlase is the catalyst for the hydrolysis of chlorophyll to produce chlorophyllide (also called Chlide) and phytol. It is also ... The double bond of the attacked carbonyl reforms and the serine is then esterified to chlorophyllide. The phytol group ...

*Protochlorophyllide reductase

The systematic name of this enzyme class is chlorophyllide-a:NADP+ 7,8-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include NADPH2 ... Griffiths WT (1978). "Reconstitution of chlorophyllide formation by isolated etioplast membranes". Biochem. J. 174 (3): 681-92 ... chlorophyllide a + NADP+ Thus, the three substrates of this enzyme are protochlorophyllide, NADPH, and H+, whereas its 2 ... products are chlorophyllide a and NADP+ . This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on ...

*Chlorophyll synthase

In enzymology, a chlorophyll synthase (EC 2.5.1.62) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction chlorophyllide a + phytyl ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is chlorophyllide-a:phytyl-diphosphate phytyltransferase. This enzyme participates in ... the two substrates of this enzyme are chlorophyllide a and phytyl diphosphate, whereas its two products are chlorophyll a and ...

*Protochlorophyllide

The enzyme that converts protochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide is protochlorophyllide reductase, EC 1.3.1.33. There are two ...

*List of MeSH codes (D03)

... chlorophyllides MeSH D03.383.129.578.840.500.640.220.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D03.383.129.578.840.500.640.587 --- heme ... chlorophyllides MeSH D03.549.909.500.640.220.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D03.549.909.500.640.587 --- heme MeSH D03.549. ... chlorophyllides MeSH D03.383.129.578.840.374.700 --- pheophytins MeSH D03.383.129.578.840.374.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH ... chlorophyllides MeSH D03.549.909.374.700 --- pheophytins MeSH D03.549.909.374.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D03.549.909.437 ...

*List of MeSH codes (D23)

... chlorophyllides MeSH D23.767.727.640.220.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D23.767.727.640.587 --- heme MeSH D23.767.727.640. ... chlorophyllides MeSH D23.767.727.220.700 --- pheophytins MeSH D23.767.727.220.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D23.767.727.250 ...

*List of MeSH codes (D04)

... chlorophyllides MeSH D04.345.783.500.640.220.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D04.345.783.500.640.587 --- heme MeSH D04.345. ... chlorophyllides MeSH D04.345.783.374.700 --- pheophytins MeSH D04.345.783.374.725 --- protochlorophyllide MeSH D04.345.783.437 ...

*Ferredoxin:protochlorophyllide reductase (ATP-dependent)

This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction chlorophyllide a + reduced ferredoxin + 2 ATP ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 1)

... chlorophyll(ide) b reductase EC 1.1.1.295: momilactone-A synthase EC 1.1.1.296: dihydrocarveol dehydrogenase EC 1.1.1.297: ... divinyl chlorophyllide a 8-vinyl-reductase EC 1.3.1.76: precorrin-2 dehydrogenase EC 1.3.1.77: anthocyanidin reductase EC 1.3. ... chlorophyllide-a oxygenase EC 1.14.13.123: germacrene A hydroxylase EC 1.14.13.124: phenylalanine N-monooxygenase EC 1.14. ... chlorophyllide-a oxygenase EC 1.13.12.15: 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine oxidative deaminase EC 1.13.12.16: nitronate monooxygenase ...
Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin,complete details about Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin provided by Qingdao Pengyuan Kanghua Natural Source Co., Ltd. in China. You may also find other Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin related selling and buying leads on 21FOOD.COM.
Sodium Magnesium Chlorophyllin is a dark green powder that is easily soluble in water and slightly soluble in alcohol. Sodium Magnesium Chlorophyllin is...
Chlorophyllin (CHL), a water-soluble derivative of the green plant pigment, chlorophyll, is an effective antimutagen and anticarcinogen in various model systems when used as a modulator against a class of carcinogens that, in general, have a structure consisting of at least three fused rings. Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP), an extremely potent environmental carcinogen, has been isolated from urban air samples, tobacco smoke, and coal smoke condensate. A study was conducted to evaluate the complex interrelationships among dietary DBP doses with co-exposure to a range of CHL doses. In order to achieve adequate statistical power in the generation of multiple dose-response curves, this dose-dose matrix experiment utilized over 12,000 rainbow trout. The resulting DNA adducts were assessed and evaluated as biomarkers of exposure to discern their relationship with the final tumor outcome. CHL was highly effective in reducing DBP-initiated DNA adduct formation in the liver and stomach and strongly inhibited ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - N-confused porphyrin possessing glucamine-appendants. T2 - Aggregation and acid/base properties in aqueous media. AU - Ikawa, Yoshiya. AU - Ogawa, Hiroaki. AU - Harada, Hiroyuki. AU - Furuta, Hiroyuki. PY - 2008/12/15. Y1 - 2008/12/15. N2 - A water-soluble derivative of N-confused porphyrin (NCP: 5,10,15,20-tetraaryl-2-aza-21-carbaporphyrin) was synthesized by introducing glucamine groups at the para-position of meso-aryl groups. The tetraglucamine-appended NCP (TG-NCP) exists as monocation in aqueous solution containing 6 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) but exists as freebase to form aggregates in pure water. These properties are distinct from those of corresponding regular porphyrin, which exists as freebase in the micellar solution and practically insoluble in water.. AB - A water-soluble derivative of N-confused porphyrin (NCP: 5,10,15,20-tetraaryl-2-aza-21-carbaporphyrin) was synthesized by introducing glucamine groups at the para-position of meso-aryl groups. The ...
Chlorophyll is extracted from plants and chemically stabilized, displacing the magnesium from the core of the molecule and substituting it with copper.
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
KITCHIN K. T. Ornithine Decarboxylase Induction and DNA Damage as Predictive Assay for Potential Carcinogenicity, 137-144, 1991 被引用文献2件 ...
The removal of Mg,Superscript,2+,/Superscript, is an important step in the chlorophyll degradation pathway and extracts from senescent and presenescent ,Emphasis Type=Italic,Arabidopsis thaliana,/Emphasis, leaves were analyzed for Mg-dechelatase activity, using chlorophyllin, an artificial derivative of the natural substrate, chlorophyllide. The optimum temperature and pH for this reaction were determined to be at approximately 50 °C and 7.2, respectively. Mg-dechelatase activity was enhanced by addition of EDTA and inhibited by MgCl,Subscript,2,/Subscript,, HgCl,Subscript,2,/Subscript, and reduced glutathione, indicating phenomenons such as retroinhibition by reaction products and dependence on the redox state of the mixture. Size exclusion chromatography was performed on ,Emphasis Type=Italic,Arabidopsis,/Emphasis, leaf extracts, and Mg-dechelatase activity was found in the fraction corresponding to molecular mass of about 42 kDa, which indicates that the Mg-dechelating compound in ...
Manufacturer: El Granero Integral.Presentation: Bottle of 45 capsules.Composition per capsule:325 mg of magnesium, sodium chlorophyllin. 75 mg standardize
Greenies Weight Management Canine Dental Chews, formerly Greenies Lite, are nutritious and calorie friendly specifically formulated to help promote dental care while providing essential vitamins, antioxidants and minerals in dogs 5-15 lbs. Greenies Weight Management Dental Chews are naturally made with added vitamins, minerals, taurine, and chlorophyll (sodium copper chlorophyllin) to provide a complete oral care, and offer a nutritionally complete and balanced blend of highly soluble and digestible proteins for adult dogs based on AAFCO recommendations. Greenies Weight Management Dental Chews are clinically proven to clean dogs teeth by fighting both plaque and tartar buildup, freshening breath and maintaining healthier teeth and gums. Greenies Weight Management Dental Chews are specifically formulated to help clean dogs teeth while also allowing you to keep an eye on his weight. The blend of high-quality proteins fortified with vitamins and minerals make
Loadsa Lollies Plus 40 Percent - Many of us will be out and about trick-or-treating with our little monsters this year; emerging from the darkness to frighten friends and family alike! Make sure youre prepared this year with this handy pack of Swizzels Matlow Loadsa Lollies - now with 40% extra free! The 189g pack contains an assortment of childrens favourite lollies such as Double Lollies, Fruity Pops and Drumsticks! Contains no artificial colours.

Ingredients: Sugar, Glucose Syrup, Vegetable Oils (Palm, Palm Kernel), Acidity Regulator: Citric Acid, Malic Acid, Stearic Acid, Modified Starch, Cornflour, Flavourings, Gelling Agent: Gelatine, Emulsifier: Glycerol Mono Stearate, Magnesium Stearate, Anti-Caking Agent: Magnesium Carbonate, Colours: Anthocyanin, Copper Chlorophyllin, Lutein, Paprika.

Nutritional values average per 100g:
Energy - 1726kJ/407kcal
Fat - 3.9g
of which Saturates - 2.9g
Carbohydrate - 91.5g
of which Sugars - 90.5g
Protein - 0.2g
Product Name: 5H-pyridoindoleFormula: C11H8N2Weight: 168.19462SMILES: C1=CC2=C(C=C1)C3=C(C=CC=N3)N2CAS NO: 11006-34-1 Product: Chlorophyllin (sodium copper
Wholesale Magnesium Vitamins - Select 2018 high quality Wholesale Magnesium Vitamins products in best price from certified Chinese Magnesium Lactate manufacturers, Sodium Magnesium Chlorophyllin suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Chlorophyllin - What Can It Do For You?. I emphasized in the past that what we eat, how it is cooked, and what we eat out of may be very important in prevention of disease. It is estimated that 90% of cancers are caused by our lifestyle and environmental factors. This then suggests that cancer is a preventable disease and now we know how to neutralize the sea of carcinogens we all live in.. Simply said, stop charring and blackening your food, as this produces carcinogens. Stop drinking and eating out of plastics, they are carcinogenic. For all the rest, you can neutralize the carcinogen with chlorophyllin, a compound from chlorophyll, the molecule that make our plants green.. The science behind this protective molecule is amazingly abundant and would refer you to the 80 references found in Life Extensions December 2014 issue on pages 35-42.. To summarize the major points of this topic, consider the following:. ...
The Czech researchers sought to determine the anticancer effects of spirulina when they realized that it contained large numbers of tetrapyrrolic compounds, a class of chemical compounds that are closely related to the cancer-fighting antioxidant bilirubin. Consequently, they decided to test the effects of these compounds - specifically, phycocyanobilin and chlorophyllin - on both human pancreatic cancer cell lines and mice that were suffering from pancreatic cancer. All test subjects were treated with one of the following doses in vitro: 0.16 g•L-1 of spirulina, 60 μM of phycocyanobilin, or 125 μM of chlorophyllin. The researchers also monitored a control group comprised of untreated cells.. After the test period was over, the results were undeniable: Compared to the control group, all subjects that were treated with the spirulina or its tetrapyrrolic compounds demonstrated significant anti-proliferative activity, with phycocyanobilin proving to be the most effective of the compounds. "In ...
in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (2003), 69(1), 31-39. The steps of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) photoreduction and subsequent chlorophyllide (Chlide) transformations which occur in the seconds to minutes time-scale were studied using a diode array ... [more ▼]. The steps of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) photoreduction and subsequent chlorophyllide (Chlide) transformations which occur in the seconds to minutes time-scale were studied using a diode array spectrofluorometer in dark-grown barley leaves. The intensity of the excitation light was varied between 3 and 2500 mumol m(-2) s(-1) and a series of fluorescence spectra were recorded at room temperature in the seconds and minutes time scales. In certain experiments, 77-K emission spectra were measured with the same equipment. The high quality of the spectra allowed us to run spectral resolution studies which proved the occurrence, at room temperature, of multiple Pchlide and Chlide forms found previously in 77-K ...
Health benefits of liquid chlorophyll at skeleton. Chlorophyll encouraged to our website, on this moment Im going to teach you about Chlorophyll.. And today, this is actually the very first image, chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll supplements, chlorophyll water, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll definition, chlorophyll function, chlorophyll in algae, chlorophyll a structure, chlorophyllin :. ...
Human Serum Albumin (HSA) is a principal extracellular protein with a high concentration in blood plasma and a carrier of many drugs to different molecular targets. Drug binding to HSA can alter the protein biophysical and biochemical properties of protein. The structural analysis of human serum albumin complexes, with naturally occurring flavonoids quercetin(antioxidant), kaempferol (antioxidant), delphinidin (antioxidant), AZT (3-azido-3-deoxythymidine) (anti-AIDS), aspirin (anti inflammatory), taxol (anticancer), cisplatin (anticancer), atrazine (herbicide), 2,4-D (herbicide), polyamines (biogenic), chlorophyll (antimutagenic), chlorophyllin (antitumor), poly(ethylene glycol) (polymer), vandyl cation and vanadate anion in aqueous solution are reported. Using capillary electrophoresis, FTIR (Fourier transform infrared), UV-Visible and CD (Circular dichroism) spectroscopic methods, the drug binding mode, the binding constant and the effects of drug complexation on protein secondary structure ...
INGREDIENTS: Sugar, Glucose Syrup, Dextrose, Vegetable Oils (Palm, Palm Kernel), Acidity Regulators: Malic Acid, Citric Acid; Stearic Acid, Modified Starch, Sodium Bicarbonate, Flavourings, Gelling Agent: Gelatine; Magnesium Stearate, Anti-Caking Agent: Magnesium Carbonate; Cornflour, Emulsifier: Glycerol Mono Stearate; Colours: Ammonia Caramel, Anthocyanin, Beetroot Red, Copper Chlorophyllin, Curcumin, Lutein, Paprika Extract. Nutritional Information - Typical values per 100g; Energy: 1713kJ/404kcal; Fat: 4.0g; of which Saturates: 3.1g; Carbohydrate: 90.8g; of which Sugars: 74.6g; Protein: 0.2g; Salt: 0.5g. Made in UK. Swizzles Matlow Limited, New Mills, High Peak, Derbyshire. SK22 3HA.. ALLERGY ADVICE: For allergens see ingredients in bold.. *Ingredients are subject to change, always check the packaging ...
On March 20, 2018 brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris ) was approved for the treatment of individuals with previously untreated stage III or IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma in combination with chemotherapy. The approval for adult individuals with previously untreated stage III or IV cHL was based on a clinical trial comparing Adcetris plus chemotherapy, AVD regimen (Adriamycin [doxorubicin], vinblastine and dacarbazine) to a chemotherapy-only regimen common for cHL treatment (AVD plus bleomycin, also known as ABVD). The trial measured modified progression-free survival (mPFS), which considers the length of time it took for the disease to progress, death to occur, or new therapy to be initiated in individuals who did not achieve a complete response. In the trial of 1,334 individuals, after individuals received an average of six 28-day cycles of treatment, those treated with Adcetris plus AVD were 23 percent less likely to experience progression, death, or initiation of new therapy compared with those ...
Chlrorophylls and their Degradation Products using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), with Data from Suspended and Sinking Particulate Matter in Prydz Bay, Antarctica - chlorophyll;chlorophyllide;phaeophorbide;sediment trap;HPLC;Prydz Bay;flux;
CHL1兔多克隆抗体(ab93197)可与小鼠样本反应并经WB实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
NADPH: protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) catalyses the light-dependent reduction of protochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide, a key regulatory reaction in the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway. Sequence comparisons have revealed that POR is a member of the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase family of enzymes. A tyrosine and a lysine residue are conserved throughout all members of this family, and are proposed to be within the active site. This present study describes how site-directed mutagenesis has been used to change Tyr-189 to Phe and Lys-193 to Arg in the Synechocystis POR enzyme. The mutant enzymes were produced with a His tag in Escherichia coli and subsequently purified on a Ni2+-affinity column. The two mutations resulted in inactive enzymes, indicating that both residues are crucial for activity. The Kd value for NADPH binding to the K193R mutant was significantly higher than for the wild-type enzyme, suggesting that the affinity for NADPH has also been reduced. ...
The Linus Pauling Institute published a study summary in their newsletter in the fall of 2006 illustrating the capacity of chlorophyll to detoxify carcinogenic environmental toxins. "Scientists in our laboratory have studied the chemoprotective effects of chlorophyllin and have recently discovered that natural chlorophyll itself is a potent anticancer agent." (3). Chlorella is another substance that has been studied extensively in Japan and has demonstrated unique ability to detoxify heavy metals. The fermented soy paste called miso (used in the popular miso soup) was also studied in Japan and was discovered to bind and detoxify radioactive elements. (1). ALGIN. Canadian researchers from McGill University, as far back as 1968, have shown that a fiber component of seaweeds called alginate (or algin) helped detoxify radioactive strontium. (1) What is so significant about this discovery is that the strontium isotope, unlike the short lived radioactive iodine, retains radioactivity for years. ...
The biomarkers used in this study provide measures of carcinogen exposure in the residents of Qidong, Peoples Republic of China, an area of high risk for development of hepatocellular carcinoma (6, 7). Urinary levels of aflatoxin-N7-guanine adducts (median = 1.90 fmol/mg creatinine) measured from the placebo arm of this winter 2003 study were comparable with those found in the placebo arm during a summer 1997 intervention trial with chlorophyllin in a nearby township, Daxin (median = 0.96 fmol/mg creatinine; ref. 6). The modest difference may reflect the influence of seasonality on aflatoxin exposure: A 2-fold winter versus summer difference was seen with aflatoxin biomarkers in an ecological study in Daxin in 1993 (40). Similar analytic approaches of immunoaffinity chromatography followed by liquid chromatrography-mass spectrometry were used in the two intervention studies. Thus, aflatoxin exposures have not changed appreciably over the past decade in the rural areas of Qidong despite ...
EL HAMOURI B, OLIVER RP & GRIFFITHS WT (1983) Complexes of NADPH: protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase. Photobiochemistry Photobiophysics 6 305- ...
Buy online Novartis Interceptor heartworm tabs for your dogs and cats at the best price information discount prices on interceptor all varieties including sizes white, green, yellow brown flavor.
Chlorophyll A vs B Chlorophyll A and Chlorophyll B are two types of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the substance that is present in the leaves of plants and is
CARBINÓL, carbinoli, s.m. Denumire veche a alcoolului metilic. - Din fr. carbinol. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  CARBINÓL s. v. alcool metilic, metanol. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  carbinól s. m., pl.…
Fospropofol (INN), often used as the disodium salt (trade name Lusedra) is an intravenous sedative-hypnotic agent. It is currently approved for use in sedation of adult patients undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures such as endoscopy. Several water-soluble derivatives and prodrugs of the widely used intravenous anesthetic agent propofol have been developed, of which fospropofol has been found to be the most suitable for clinical development thus far. Purported advantages of this water-soluble chemical compound include less pain at the site of intravenous administration, less potential for hyperlipidemia with long-term administration, and less chance for bacteremia.[citation needed] Often, fospropofol is administered in conjunction with an opioid such as fentanyl.[citation needed] Fospropofol is a prodrug of propofol; it is metabolized by alkaline phosphatases to an active metabolite, propofol. Initial trial results on fospropofol pharmacokinetics were retracted by the investigators. As ...
The effects of N-5-dimethyl-9-(2-methoxy-4-methylsulfonylamino)-phenylamino-4-acridinecarboxamide (CI-921; NSC 343499), a lipophilic and water-soluble derivative of amsacrine (NSC 249992), on cell viability, growth, clonogenicity, and progression through the cell cycle were investigated in suspension cultures of Friend erythroleukemic cells and in adherent cultures of Chinese hamster ovary cells. CI-921 was less toxic toward stationary than toward exponentially growing Chinese hamster ovary cells; colony formation was inhibited by 50% following a 1-h pulse of 190 versus 80 nm CI-921, respectively. Cell viability was unaffected in Friend erythroleukemic cell cultures at concentrations up to 50 nm, although growth was inhibited by 50% following 24 h of continuous exposure to 9.5 nm or a 1 h pulse of 67.5 nm CI-921. Constant exposure of Friend erythroleukemic cells to 10 nm CI-921 slowed proliferation and resulted in prolongation of cell transit through late S and G2 phases. Higher drug ...
A procedure for the purification of the enzyme NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase is described. This involves fractionation of sonicated oat etioplast membranes by discontinuous-sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation, which gives membranes in which the enzyme is present at a high specific activity. The enzyme is solubilized from the membranes with Triton X-100, followed by gel filtration of the extract; enzyme activity is eluted in fractions corresponding to a mol.wt of approx. 35000. Sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of the enzyme-containing fractions from gel filtration shows two peptides, of mol.wts. approx. 35000 and 37000. ...
Introduction. The relation between diet and health has been widely recognized by many people throughout the centuries. However, the relationship between diet and cancer has been pointed out only in the last decades (De Marini, 1998). As a consequence, diet in general is considered to be the largest source of mutagenic and carcinogenic substances for human beings. Various studies, including those using short-term assays, have helped to identify a great number of antimutagenic properties found in some foods such as: b-carotene, ascorbic acid, linoleic acid, a-tocopherol, vanillin, chlorophyllin, polyphenols and components found in black and green teas and mushrooms (Brockman et al., 1992; Lohman et al., 2001). For this reason, the finding of these substances in natural foods is extremely important not only due to their nutritional value but also as a prophylactic agent against diseases such as cancer (Ferguson, 1994).. Although various mushrooms are used nowadays as a medicine or food in some ...
Ingredients: Purified water, sodium myreth sulfate, cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, organic aloe vera leaf juice, cocamide MEA, vegetable glycerin, glycol stearate, marigold flower extract, sage extract, spirulina maxima, wheat germ oil, organic sunflower seed oil, allantoin, natural Vitamin E, Vitamin B5, NaPCA, decyl glucoside, citric acid, benzyl alcohol, sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, sodium copper chlorophyllin (natural color), fragrance oil blend. ...
Read "NADK2, an Arabidopsis Chloroplastic NAD Kinase, Plays a Vital Role in Both Chlorophyll Synthesis and Chloroplast Protection, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
en] Protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) reductases are key enzymes in the process of chlorophyll biosynthesis. In this review, current knowledge on the molecular organization, substrate specificity and assembly of the light-dependent reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate:Pchlide oxidoreductases are discussed. Characteristics of light-independent enzymes are also described briefly, and the possible reasons for the selection of light-dependent enzymes during the course of evolution are discussed ...
INTERCEPTOR PLUS may be offered to the dog by hand or added to a small amount of dog food. The chewables should be administered in a manner that encourages the dog to chew, rather than to swallow without chewing. Chewables may be broken into pieces and fed to dogs that normally swallow treats whole. Care should be taken that the dog consumes the complete dose, and treated animals should be observed for a few minutes after administration to ensure that no part of the dose is lost or rejected. If it is suspected that any of the dose has been lost, redosing is recommended ...
Learn about Interceptor Plus for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and storage information.
This cream-mask has immediate revitalizing and nourishing properties on tired skins. It smoothes the skin surface and thus diminishes small lines and wrinkles., Sothys Time Interceptor Mask - Anti-Ageing, Refirming & Speciality
When a paper shows that a control plant and a treated one have different content of chlorophyll a, b and the sum of both, what does that means? I mean, what is the physiological explanation for those differences? What kind of info can I get if I know, for example, that two plants have different amount of chlorophyll b? Thanks!!. ...
Field":"rxMedicinePetName","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Pet Name","Order":"1","IsRequiredInCart":"Y","uniqueNumber":"1"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetType","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Pet Type","Order":"2","IsRequiredInCart":"Y","uniqueNumber":"2"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetBreed","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Breed","Order":"3","IsRequiredInCart":"N","uniqueNumber":"3"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetDateOfBirth","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Pet DOB","Order":"4","IsRequiredInCart":"N","uniqueNumber":"6"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetWeight","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Weight","Order":"5","IsRequiredInCart":"N","uniqueNumber":"5"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetGender","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Gender","Order":"6","IsRequiredInCart":"N","uniqueNumber":"4"} , {"Field":"rxMedicinePetAllergic","FieldGroup":"RX_MyPet","IsRequired":"Y","Label":"Is Pet Alergic to ...
A few weeks ago, I made an attempt at making an objective ranking of all of the Rebel ships in X-Wing. It went through a […]. ...
Browse Blue Shift extreme mod for Half-Life: Blue Shift files to download full releases, installer, sdk, patches, mods, demos, and media.
Feel The Difference Super Concentrated Chlorophyll from Green FoodspH Miracle ChloropHeal is a highly concentrated source of chlorophyll - derived directly from
A member of the Legion of Substitute Heroes. Ral Benem is the real name of Chlorophyll Kid. As an child, Ral fell into a vat of plant-growing solution. ...
The objective of this program is to develop and produce a prototype SM-3, Block IIB nosecone that can achieve all of the performance requirements specified for the IIB interceptor, but at a considerab ... ...
NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) catalyzes the light-dependent reduction of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) to chlorophyllide (Chlide), a key regulatory step in chlorophyll biosynthesis. In most angiosperms, POR is encoded by a small nuclear gene family, containing at least two differentially-expressed genes designated porA and porB. We have demonstrated that the PORs of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), a gymnosperm, are encoded by a large multigene family, composed of two distinct subfamilies encoding porA and porB genes similar to those previously described in angiosperms. DNA gel blot analysis of genomic DNA showed that the two por subfamilies of loblolly pine have duplicated at different rates, with the porA subfamily containing two members, and the porB subfamily containing at least 11 potential members. DNA sequence analysis and gel blot hybridization studies also showed that a subset of the por genes present in the loblolly pine genome are pseudogenes. Based on the results of ...
Fizz Wiz: Sugar, Lactose, Glucose Syrup, Artificial Flavour, Flavours, Carbon Dioxide. Drumstick Lollies: Dextrose, Cornflour, Modified Starch, Aciditiy Regulator (Malic Acid, Stearic Acid), Magnesium Stearate, Flavourings, Colours (Copper Chlorophyllin, Lutein, Paprika). Warning: Choking Hazard. Not suitable for children under 36 Months.. Candy Whistles: Sugar, Stearic Acid, Modified Starch, Acidity Regulator (Malic Acid), Cornflour, Magnesium Stearate, Flavouring, Colours (Anthocyanins). Warning: Choking Hazard. Not suitable for children under 36 Months.. Candy Watches: Dextrose, Glucose Syrup, Citric Acid, Flavouring, Colours (E102, E110, E129, E133), Anti-Caking Agent (Magnesium Stearate). Choking Hazard. Not suitable for children under 36 Months.. Fizzers: Sugar, Acidity Regualtor (Malic Acid, Stearic Acid), Sodium Bicarbonate, Modified Starch, Magnesium Stearate, Anti-Caking Agent (Magnesium Carbonate), Colours (Anthocyanins, Copper Chlorophyll, Curcumin, Lutein, Paprika). White Mice Bar: ...
As the evening progressed after taking Interceptor, Rita appeared a little quieter than normal but Rita tends to put herself to bed early. The following morning around 7 am, Rita was found vomiting food from the night before and refused any breakfast. Her stool seemed hard but otherwise good at that point. Ritas family tried to offer a tiny amount of food around 8 am and she licked it off her human Moms finger. She then vomited that tiny morsel of food back up so all food was stopped. Rita stayed very depressed and curled up in a ball most of the day but stopping food stopped any further vomiting. A call to Ritas Veterinary staff brought a shock to her family when they were not surprised of this behavior after Interceptor ingestion and stated they had seen this before. They offered a vet appointment later that evening and stated that most significant side effects would resolve themselves after a 24 hour period. Imagine the sadness felt by Ritas family! Had they known that such side effects ...
Watts Drainage Products - floor drain, floor sink, grease interceptor, cleanout, carrier, roof drain, trench drain, ProLine products and much more...
Watts Drainage Products - floor drain, floor sink, grease interceptor, cleanout, carrier, roof drain, trench drain, ProLine products and much more...
[IMG] CO repairs caused by Police Interceptor upfitter work announced. Wayne Gerdes - CleanMPG - Aug. 8, 2017 [MEDIA] Ford engineering teams...
Interceptor Plus is a monthly chewable used to prevent heartworm disease and treat & control common intestinal parasites. Buy from Allivet and save 5% with AutoShip!
A concern of mine, need some feed back to this…I was playing on the web a couple of days ago and came across this warning, COLLIES AND SHELTIES MUST BE ON HEARTWORM PREVENTITION PLAN, AND MUST BE PLACED ON INTERCEPTOR. (HEARTGARD HAS PROVEN TOXIC AND EVEN FATAL TO THEESE BREEDS ...
This module generates the product distribution (zip) by installing sample in-memory user store and carbon-security feature on top of kernel core and runtime features and finally assembles product specific configurations files and startup scripts using assembly plugin ...
VitaDigest offer Liquid Chlorophyll 16 fl oz (473 ml) , Product Review For DeSouza Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for Liquid Chlorophyll 16 fl oz (473 ml) DeSouza
United Kingdoms best source to buy World Organic Chlorophyll - 60 mg - 100 Capsules at the lowest price. Read Chlorophyll reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast, reliable shipping to United Kingdom
Medicine discharge device and cartridge mountable thereto | Method and apparatus for inspecting manual dispensing tray of automatic medicine packaging machine | Method for producing an optically active .beta.-amino acid | Quinuclidine derivatives and medicinal compositions containing the same | Method for screening antioxidant using mutant bacteria and chlorophyllide, and antioxidant screened by the method |
Valid from January 29, 2018 through March 31, 2018 *All customers* *Certain customers are not eligible for this rebate program including VCA and Banfield and university or military accounts. Tier 1: Buy 5-9 cartons and get 2% rebate Tier 2: Buy 10-19 cartons and get 3% rebate Tier 3: Buy 20-39 cartons and get 4% rebate Tier 4: Buy 40+ cartons and get 5% rebate *mix and match *The maximum discount payable under this rebate program is five percent (5%) and the rebate offered under this program may not be combined with any other discounts, rebates or other offers, including discounts or rebates offered through written agreement with Elanco. *Rebate given on a prepaid card *2 cartons of Interceptor Plus = 1 carton ...
... High-performance 2-stroke oil with an emphasis on exhaust power valves. Contains high levels of detergent additives to prevent valve sticking. Replaces manufacturer-branded oils. Injector use or 50:1 premix. Excellent in snowmobiles, motorcycles, PWC, ATVs and jet boats.
Now Foods Liquid Chlorophyll Mint Flavor 16 fl oz (473 ml) is a natural, chlorophyll supplement. See 361+ Now Foods Liquid Chlorophyll Reviews and save an. Get Discounts up to 99%, 97% & 83% + iHerb Coupon
1) Select Repeated Delivery and the discounts it offers.. 2) Choose how often (orders frequency).. 3) Relax while we take care of the rest.. More info.. Choose Repeated Delivery when purchasing to receive discounts on selected items.. Repeated Delivery simply allows you to select how often (e.g every 2 weeks, every 3 weeks etc) you would like us to send you another lot of the item/s you purchased. This option works perfectly with pet food, which is why almost all food offers Repeated Delivery discounts.. There are no lock in contracts of any kind. You can cancel, add or take off items, or change how often you receive your orders at any time by just calling or emailing. No cancellation fees or additional fees will ever apply.. So simply set and forget. Dont worry about running out of food or even having to sit and place another order. Best of all, receive a discount.. Your card will be charged one to two days prior to dispatching each order. For your security and peace of mind (and with the help ...
Chlorophyll list and information including what is Chlorophyll, health benefits and usage indications. Find articles and product list for other top low-carb products, fat-burners, nutrition bars and shakes.
Support your health everyday with Natures Way Chlorophyll Detox - natures super detox. This alkaline chlorophyll drink is natures antioxidant and may help counteract the acidic foods we eat day to day.
After reading this, you may think differently the next time your dog tries to eat grass! In all seriousness, Chlorophyll is beneficial for
A concern of mine, need some feed back to this…I was playing on the web a couple of days ago and came across this warning, COLLIES AND SHELTIES MUST BE ON HEARTWORM PREVENTITION PLAN, AND MUST BE PLACED ON INTERCEPTOR. (HEARTGARD HAS PROVEN TOXIC AND EVEN FATAL TO THEESE BREEDS ...
From time to time I come across a supplement that really does change my life in a big way - more recently curcumin was one of those supplements. As some of you.... ...
... Existem dois tipos de respostas imunes adaptativas, denominadas imunidade humoral e imunidade mediada por
Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA isolated as the main pharmacologically active natural compound from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine,the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge known as Danshen. Danshen has been known for the function of improving body functions such as activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Danshen and its various formula products including STS have been long-time widely used in oriental countries, especially China to treat various inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases for its pharmacological actions, including vasodilatation, anticoagulation, anti-inflammation, and free radical scavenging,with negligible adverse effects observed.. The investigators objective is to evaluate whether STS exhibits beneficial effects on pulmonary hypertension. This is a randomized, controlled, multicentre clinical trial study. 90 patients with pulmonary ...
New submitter dcmcilrath sends this quote from the NY Times: The Pentagon will spend $1 billion to deploy additional ballistic missile interceptors along the Pacific Coast to counter the growing reach of North Koreas weapons, a decision accelerated by Pyongyangs recent belligerence and indication...
Action spectra of the Emerson effect in Chlorella and Navicula reveal peaks at 670 mut, in addition to those at 650 mu (Chlorella) and 630 mµ (Navicula) attributable to chlorophylls b and c. Thus, excitation of chlorophyll a form "chlorophyll a 670" can supplement, in these algae, the excitation of the form "chlorophyll a 680-700." The effect of the auxiliary pigments in these algae may be mediated by energy transfer to "chlorophyll a 670.". ...
Search Indian Liquid Chlorophyll Manufacturers and Suppliers Details - Contact to Liquid Chlorophyll Exporters in India, Liquid Chlorophyll Wholesalers, Liquid Chlorophyll Distributors and Traders from India.
Postdoctoral Position for a Plant Molecular Biologist / Biochemist A postdoctoral position is available for research on the light-dependent NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR), a key enzyme of chlorophyll synthesis in higher plants (see for example Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92: 3254-3258; Plant J. 9: 513-523; Plant Cell 8: 763-769). The aim of the project is to optimize conditions for the overproduction of POR A and POR B in heterologous systems e.g. E. coli and/or yeast, and the reconstitution of the active enzymes. Once these conditions have been established, a detailed spectroscopic and biochemical analysis of the two proteins will be possible. This project represents part of a larger collaboration programme between the ETH and industrial partners. Although expertise in various laboratory methods is available both within and outside the ETH, the successful candidate should have a strong background and interest in molecular genetics and/or biochemistry. The position is initially ...
Revision date indicates the date the MSDS or SDS was last revised. MSDS / SDS are dated when they are originally issued AND when any significant change has been made to the chemical compound or research has revealed a health or physical hazard different from what was originally stated. Additional information regarding MSDS / SDS is available at https://www.osha.gov ...
JoshTigerhearts Department of Useful Plugs, with the help of Renesis, brings you a car from the future: the Phoenix Interceptor. An original concept designed to be competetive with the other cars out there, the Phoenix Interceptor is blindling fast with acceleration that will put other cars to shame. But this power does come with a price of more difficult handling and weaker brakes, as to be fair competition rather than something that can just plow through everything at 200 M.P.H. Its speed is most easily distinguished in Sim and Strict, though it can still easily outrun anything in arcade and a bit faster than most turbo. Questions? Comments? Bug reports? Speeding tickets from the RLPD? Contact information and specific credits can be found in the included readme.. ...
Chlorophyll does not stop bad breath in humans because the body cannot absorb the chemoprotein, reports Healthline.com. However, when dogs consume chlorophyll, it prevents and treats their bad breath...
|h3 id=accordion-1-t1 class=accordion-title acc-no-link open read|Health Benefits|/h3| |div id=accordion-1-c1 class=accordion-content| |ul| |li|Eliminates toxins|/li| |li|Eliminates heavy metals|/li| |li|Purifies the blood|/li| |li|Supports
• 100 mg Chlorophyll per tablespoon |br /| • Delicious cinnamon mint flavor |br /| • Sugar free |br /| • 32 Servings per bottle |br /| • All natural internal deodorizer
Pure Encapsulations Indole-3-Carbinol 200 mg is a cruciferous phytonutrient that promotes prostate, breast and cervix health. Made in USA.
THE RECENT ADVANCES IN BANDGAP ENGINEERING BY MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY (MBE) HAVE PRODUCED A STRAINED SUPERLATTICE (SSL) OF INSB/INASSB CAPABLE OF BEING MADE INTO PHOTODIODES TAILORABLE TO ANY SPECTRAL REPONSE WITHIN THE INFRARED SPECTRUM (1-16 MICRON). TO EXPLOIT THESE ADVANCES, THIS PROPOSAL IS MADE TO DEVELOP A MULTILAYERED STRUCTURE OF INSB/INASSB THAT WILL RESPONSE TO TWO SPECTRAL BANDS SEPARATELY BUT SIMULTANEOUSLY. THIS INNOVATIVE DETECTOR, SO-CALLED TWO-COLOR DETECTOR, WILL FILL A NEED IN STRATEGIC DEFENSE SYSTEMS, SUCH AS SPACE-BASED INTERCEPTOR, TO PERFORM DISCRIMINATION OF TARGET AGAINST CLUTTER, PLUME AGAINST BOOSTER BODY, TARGET AGAINST DECOY AND RE-ENTRY VEHICLE (RV) AGAINST CLUTTER. THIS NEED CANNOT BE EASILY SATISFIED BY CONVENTIONAL DETECTOR TECHNOLOGY. THIS EFFORT IS TO DEVELOP A MULTILAYERED STRUCTURE OF INSB/INASSB THAT WILL RESPOND TO TWO SEPARATE SPECTRAL BANDS SIMULTANEOUSLY. THIS STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF TWO SEPARATE DETECTORS, CONFIGURED INTIMATELY ONE ATOP THE OTHER. ONE ...
Save 24% World Organics - Chlorophyll 60 mg 100 Capsules Chlorophyll 60mg Plus Our Green Food Blend World Organic Chlorophyll Capsules are derived exclusively from high quality alfalfa leaves. Chlorophyll is essential to the process of photosynthesis.often called the building block of life. Without chlorophyll there is no life. Chlorophyll is a natural fat soluble nutrient which World Organic makes water dispersible for premier results.
Looking for online definition of chlorophyll a in the Medical Dictionary? chlorophyll a explanation free. What is chlorophyll a? Meaning of chlorophyll a medical term. What does chlorophyll a mean?
Trials are being conducted to determine the authenticity of consuming Indole-3-Carbinol supplements to prevent illnesses, particularly cancer. Although it does not provide an active cure to cancer, Indole-3-Carbinol is scientifically proven to support the health of reproductive organs and cellular reproduction for both men and women. It also assists in detoxifying the intestines and liver.As an antioxidant, it stimulates the production of enzymes that detoxify toxins and protects cell structures including DNA. Lycopene is another vegetable antioxidant with proven health benefits.With possible anti-carcinogenic, antioxidant and anti-atherogenic effects, this vegetable component is only just being acknowledged as a solution to a variety of health issues Indole-3-Carbinol is currently being clinically researched as a cancer preventive agent by the National Institutes of Health.. Other names for Indole-3-Carbinol:. I3C, 3-Indolylcarbinol, 1H-Indole-3-methanol, 3-Hydroxymethyl Indole, 3 Hydroxymethyl ...
Dibenzo[b,e]Thiepin-11(6H)-One 1531-77-7 MSDS report, Dibenzo[b,e]Thiepin-11(6H)-One MSDS safety technical specifications search, Dibenzo[b,e]Thiepin-11(6H)-One safety information specifications ect.
Did you know greed food has chlorophyll as a part of its genetic makeup or constituents? Do you know the difference between chlorophyll and blood?. Chlorophyll has magnesium and red blood cells have iron in the center of the molecule, holding it together. The name of the mechanism holding it all together is called a chelate. What is very interesting, is the fact red blood cells carry oxygen. I have to believe from my experience, it is possible knowing the body is a self-healing mechanism that people eat greens have less of a bleeding issue and more than likely have better quality blood. I am making the assumption because green food assists the liver in proper function. Optimal liver health promotes clearing of estrogen; excessive estrogen is a leading cause of heavy menses and bleeding.. Are you now seeing why all the talk about whole food versus process, dead food is significantly critical? Have you ever heard of succotash? Some of you may have never heard of it, or others may remember the ...
Cronin writes: "The blood, is my own, clinically drawn. I keep a small vial in my fridge. The images are a result of a scan of the blood between two clear negatives, just scotch-taped together so nothing leaks out. I got the chlorophyll from a lab-- it is pure chlorophylin powder, that when I add water to it, becomes liquid chlorophyll. The blue-ish image is a crushed pill-- one of the medications Im taking. Im also experimenting with ways to scan galinstan, a liquid metal-- liquid because its melting point is around 60 degrees F-- this I see as the blood of the earth. While chlorophyll is the blood of trees and flora; my own blood and on microscopic levels, medicine, the blood coursing through my blood. Blood of blood. Providing information and transformation while it runs through my veins and body ...
Sorry to hear Blue is positive. Hopefully it is a weak positive and he will be able to go through the slow kill method. Did the vet give you an idea of how the snap test results looked? Usually it is a strong positive if there are 3 dots and 2 leans towards the weaker side (although blood tests are still required to check how strong/weak it is- the snaps are not nearly as accurate). I have had Ino on interceptor monthly since he was 8 weeks. The vet in NY told me I could not use them in the winter months and would be ok, but I kept him on them year round because they also did intestinal parasites and up there Ino was a poop eater (deer, the GSD we walked with and a neighbors cat who never received vet care). He got worms once from eating the cats poo and the interceptor made him expel one- so we went for a fecal and he wasnt carrying them still so I was glad we used it year round. We see a lot of HW+ dogs in the shelter system here (FL)- especially this year with the mosquitos being this bad. I ...
70133-84-5 - JZLWANHLFXZFCU-UHFFFAOYSA-N - 2-Chloro-12-(2-piperidinoethyl)dibenzo(d,g)-1,3,6-dioxazocine - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Buy Petory -calcium ,liver or chlorophyll(white mix) 400gms online at the lowest price in India from MarshallsPetzone.com. Available • COD • 30 Days Return.
Clorofila din Liquid Chlorophyll are un puternic efect alcalinizant asupra sistemului digestiv, ajuta la indepartarea mirosurilor corporale neplacute, elimina respiratia urat mirositoare, optimizeaza circulatia sanguina, digestia, reduce senzatia de oboseala, imbunatateste si sprijina sanatatea. Pe langa multe alte efecte benefice, ajuta si la mentinerea unei activitati intestinale optime. Orice substanta care exercita un efect iritant…
The file O6.Leaves.At.the.Bottom.of.the.Pool.by.Chlorophyll.Fluxbunny.mp3 identified by urn:sha1:GK2UE7QU5FT3QHYHYFBTZ7ILMQCMR3BQ is licensed to the public under the Paternit -Pas dUtilisation Commerciale-Partage des Conditions Initiales lIdentique 3.0 Unported license ...
amsterdam NETHERLANDS. suckerPUNCH: describe your project.. lucy McRAE: Chlorophyll skin, is a short film experimenting with color, movement, absorption and the body made for Amsterdam Fashion Week. A joint project by Lucy McRae and Mandy Smith. [MORE]. ...
National Data Buoy Center - 5-day plot - Chlorophyll at station RKQF1 (26.027N 81.734W) - Lower Henderson Creek, Rookery Bay Reserve, FL.
33 matches. ($3.00 - $55.64) Find great deals on the latest styles of Chloroxygen chlorophyll concentrate. Compare prices & save money on Vitamins & Nutrition.
Watts Drainage Products - floor drain, floor sink, grease interceptor, cleanout, carrier, roof drain, trench drain, ProLine products and much more...
MISI KAMI: "MENINGKATKAN TARAF HIDUP SEMUA ORANG DENGAN MENAWARKAN PELUANG PERNIAGAAN SERTA TAHAP KESIHATAN YANG BERMUTU TINGGI ...
From time to time I come across a supplement that really does change my life in a big way - more recently curcumin was one of those supplements. As some of you.... ...
Corrección del intercambio gaseoso utilizando ventilación no invasiva guiada por manometría esofágica en paciente con Síndrome de Obesidad e Hipoventilación. Reporte de un caso.
1. Rong H, Tang YY, Zhang H, Wu PZ, Chen YP, Li MR, Wu GJ, Jiang HW* (2013) The Stay-Green Rice like (SGRL) gene regulates chlorophyll degradation in rice. J Plant Physiol. 2013 170: 1367-1373.. 2. Xiong WD, Xu XQ, Zhang L, Wu PZ, Chen YP, Li MR, Jiang HW, Wu GJ (2013) Genome-wide analysis of the WRKY gene family in physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.). Gene, 2013 524: 124-132.. 3. Wu PZ, Zhang S, Zhang L, Chen YP, Li MR, Jiang HW, Wu GJ (2013) Functional characterization of two microsomal fatty acid desaturases from Jatropha curcas L. J Plant Physiol.170: 1360-1366.. 4. Jiang H, Wu P, Zhang S, Song C, Chen Y, Li M, Jia Y, Fang X, Chen F, Wu G (2012) Global analysis of gene expression profiles in developing physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) seeds. PLoS One. 7: e36522.. 5. Tang Y, Li M. Chen Y, Wu P, Wu G, Jiang H*(2011) Knockdown of OsPAO and OsRCCR1 cause different plant death phenotypes in rice. J Plant Physiol. 168: 1952-1959.. 6. Jiang H, Chen Y, Li M, Xu X, Wu G (2011)Overexpression of SGR ...
Wei, M., Wanibuchi, H., Nakae, D., Tsuda, H., Takahashi, S., Hirose, M., Totsuka, Y., Tatematsu, M. and Fukushima, S. (2011), Low-dose carcinogenicity of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f ]quinoline in rats: Evidence for the existence of no-effect levels and a mechanism involving p21Cip / WAF1. Cancer Science, 102: 88-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2010.01761.x ...

Chlorophyllide - WikipediaChlorophyllide - Wikipedia

A chlorophyllide is an immediate precursor of a chlorophyll. For example, chlorophyllide a is converted to chlorophyll a after ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophyllide

Chlorophyllide-a oxygenase - WikipediaChlorophyllide-a oxygenase - Wikipedia

Chlorophyllide-a oxygenase (EC 1.14.13.122, chlorophyllide a oxygenase, chlorophyll-b synthase, CAO) is an enzyme with ... Chlorophyllide-a oxygenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction (1) chlorophyllide a + O2 + NADPH + H+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ... chlorophyllide b + 2 H2O + NADP+ This enzyme contains a mononuclear iron centre. Espineda, C.E.; Linford, A.S.; Devine, D.; ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophyllide-a_oxygenase

Simple extraction methods that prevent the artifactual conversion of chlorophyll to chlorophyllide during pigment isolation...Simple extraction methods that prevent the artifactual conversion of chlorophyll to chlorophyllide during pigment isolation...

... forming chlorophyllide, which affects chlorophyll measurement using HPLC. We evaluated the artifactual chlorophyllide ... Chlorophyllide production in leaf extracts is predominantly an artifact. All three methods evaluated in this study reduce the ... When compared, the first two methods eliminated almost all chlorophyllide-forming activity in Arabidopsis thaliana, Glebionis ... However, this solvent cannot completely block the formation of chlorophyllide in thicker leaves. ...
more infohttps://plantmethods.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-4811-9-19/figures/8

Simple extraction methods that prevent the artifactual conversion of chlorophyll to chlorophyllide during pigment isolation...Simple extraction methods that prevent the artifactual conversion of chlorophyll to chlorophyllide during pigment isolation...

... forming chlorophyllide, which affects chlorophyll measurement using HPLC. We evaluated the artifactual chlorophyllide ... Chlorophyllide production in leaf extracts is predominantly an artifact. All three methods evaluated in this study reduce the ... When compared, the first two methods eliminated almost all chlorophyllide-forming activity in Arabidopsis thaliana, Glebionis ... However, this solvent cannot completely block the formation of chlorophyllide in thicker leaves. ...
more infohttps://plantmethods.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-4811-9-19

Zeitschrift für Naturforschung CZeitschrift für Naturforschung C

Esterification of Chlorophyllide in Prolamellar Body (PLB) and Prothylakoid (PT) Fractions from Avena sativa Etioplasts. Lütz, ... Chlorophyll Biosynthesis: Various Chlorophyllides as Exogenous Substrates for Chlorophyll Synthetase. Benz, Jürgen / Rüdiger, ...
more infohttps://www.degruyter.com/view/j/znc.1981.36.issue-1-2/issue-files/znc.1981.36.issue-1-2.xml

Chlorophyllase Is a Rate-Limiting Enzyme in Chlorophyll Catabolism and Is Posttranslationally Regulated | Plant CellChlorophyllase Is a Rate-Limiting Enzyme in Chlorophyll Catabolism and Is Posttranslationally Regulated | Plant Cell

... showing the spectral quantitation results separately for chlorophyllide a/chlorophyll a (black columns) and chlorophyllide b/ ... The chlorophyllide b:chlorophyll b ratio in these leaves was ∼20-fold that of leaves expressing full-length Chlase or the ... The ratio of chlorophyllide to chlorophyll is displayed visually (phase separations at bottom) and as a histogram (top) ... Determination of Chlorophyll:Chlorophyllide Ratios in Squash Leaves. Chlorophylls were extracted from squash leaves by ...
more infohttp://www.plantcell.org/content/19/3/1007.long

Plant Cells | Gondar Design Biology	Plant Cells | Gondar Design Biology

Chlorophyllides. *Xanthophyll. *Carotene. They are all slightly different colours. You do not need to worry about this for your ...
more infohttp://purchon.com/biology/?page_id=185

KAKEN - Research Projects | Engineering of photosynthetic pigment system (KAKENHI-PROJECT-23657026)KAKEN - Research Projects | Engineering of photosynthetic pigment system (KAKENHI-PROJECT-23657026)

Presentation] Chlorophyllide a oxygenase(CAO)の negative feedback 制御における A ドメインの機能解析2013. *. Author(s). 森恭一郎、高林厚史、田中歩 ... Presentation] Chlorophyllide a oxygenase(CAO)のnegative feedback制御におけるAドメインの機能解析2013. *. Author(s). 森恭一郎、高林厚史、田中歩 ... Presentation] Divinyl Chlorophyllide Reductaseの性質2012. *. Author(s). 伊藤寿、田中歩
more infohttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/en/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-23657026/

Chlorophyllase-1, chloroplastic precursor - Citrus unshiu (Satsuma mandarin)Chlorophyllase-1, chloroplastic precursor - Citrus unshiu (Satsuma mandarin)

Catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bond in chlorophyll to yield chlorophyllide and phytol. ... Catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bond in chlorophyll to yield chlorophyllide and phytol. ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q94LX1

KEGG PATHWAY: liv00860KEGG PATHWAY: liv00860

Deery E, Schroeder S, Lawrence AD, Taylor SL, Seyedarabi A, Waterman J, Wilson KS, Brown D, Geeves MA, Howard MJ, Pickersgill RW, Warren ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?pathway+liv00860

Expression of chlorophyll synthase is also involved in feedback-control of chlorophyll biosynthesis | Springer for Research &...Expression of chlorophyll synthase is also involved in feedback-control of chlorophyll biosynthesis | Springer for Research &...

... esterifies chlorophyllide a and b with phytyl or geranyl-geranyl pyrophosphate in chloroplasts. Transgenic tobacco... ... Wu Z, Zhang X, He B, Diao L et al (2007) A chlorophyll-deficient rice mutant with impaired chlorophyllide estererification in ... At the last step of the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway chlorophyll synthase (CHLG) esterifies chlorophyllide a and b with ... Reduced chlorophyll synthase activity does not result in accumulation of chlorophyllide and caused reduced ALA formation and Mg ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11103-009-9532-8

Plus itPlus it

chlorophyllide. TRX. thioredoxin. 2-CysPrx. 2-Cys peroxiredoxin. ROS. reactive oxygen species. AGP. ADP-Glc pyrophosphorylase. ... NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) synthesizes chlorophyllide (Chlide). PChlide and Chlide are most likely the main ...
more infohttp://www.plantphysiol.org/content/162/1/63

PhycobilinPhycobilin

Protochlorophyllide , Chlorophyllide Corrinoids: Cyanocobalamin Phycobilins: Phycoerythrobilin , Phycocyanobilin , ...
more infohttps://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/Phycobilin.html

KEGG ENZYME: 1.1.1.294KEGG ENZYME: 1.1.1.294

chlorophyllide b [CPD:C16541];. NADH [CPD:C00004];. NADPH [CPD:C00005];. H+ [CPD:C00080]. ... Substrate specificity of chlorophyll(ide) b reductase in etioplasts of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). ... 71-hydroxychlorophyllide a + NAD(P)+ = chlorophyllide b + NAD(P)H + H+ [RN:R08914 R08915]. ...
more infohttps://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?enzyme+1.1.1.294

Novel Loci Underlie Natural Variation in Vitamin E Levels in Maize Grain | Plant CellNovel Loci Underlie Natural Variation in Vitamin E Levels in Maize Grain | Plant Cell

Correlations with chlorophyllide a and chlorophyll b with total tocopherols gradually decreased to r = 0.48 and r = 0.36, ... Instead, chlorophylls a and b and chlorophyllide a, late-stage intermediates in chlorophyll biosynthesis, were strongly and ... 1985). Prenylation of chlorophyllide a in Capsicum plastids. Methods Enzymol. 110: 274-281. ... Compound abbreviations: ƩT, total tocopherols = αT+δT+γT; Chlide: chlorophyllide; Chl, chlorophyll; Pheo, pheophytin; ...
more infohttp://www.plantcell.org/content/29/10/2374.long

Site-directed mutagenesis of Tyr-189 and Lys-193 in NADPH: protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase from Synechocystis | Biochemical...Site-directed mutagenesis of Tyr-189 and Lys-193 in NADPH: protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase from Synechocystis | Biochemical...

... catalyses the light-dependent reduction of protochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide, a key regulatory reaction in the chlorophyll ...
more infohttp://www.biochemsoctrans.org/content/30/4/601

Transcriptional and physiological analyses of short-term Iron deficiency response in apple seedlings provide insight into the...Transcriptional and physiological analyses of short-term Iron deficiency response in apple seedlings provide insight into the...

A similar expression pattern was found in pigment regulation, including genes for coding chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO), β- ... Chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO), chlorophyll (ide) b reductase (CBR), Chl synthase (CS) and Chlase played important roles in ... A similar expression pattern was found in pigment regulation, including genes for coding chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO), β- ... Pigment shuffling in antenna systems achieved by expressing prokaryotic chlorophyllide a oxygenase in Arabidopsis. J Bio Chem. ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-018-4846-z

EC 1.3.7.15EC 1.3.7.15

Accepted name: chlorophyllide a reductase. Reaction: (1) 3-deacetyl-3-vinylbacteriochlorophyllide a + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [ ... Comments: The enzyme, together with EC 1.1.1.396, bacteriochlorophyllide-a dehydrogenase, and EC 4.2.1.165, chlorophyllide-a 31 ... 4. Harada, J., Mizoguchi, T., Tsukatani, Y., Yokono, M., Tanaka, A. and Tamiaki, H. Chlorophyllide a oxidoreductase works as ... chlorophyllide a + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + ATP + H2O + 2 H+. For diagram of reaction click here.. Other ...
more infohttps://www.qmul.ac.uk/sbcs/iubmb/enzyme/EC1/3/7/15.html

Genomic Analysis of Wild Tomato Introgressions Determining Metabolism- and Yield-Associated Traits | Plant PhysiologyGenomic Analysis of Wild Tomato Introgressions Determining Metabolism- and Yield-Associated Traits | Plant Physiology

CH1 (chlorophyll b biosynthesis); chlorophyllide a oxygenase. 98.9 (0.0) CB: 1,612. 95.4 (1.5) CB: 2,203. 9. 536. 2. 16.5j. 6.6 ...
more infohttp://www.plantphysiol.org/content/152/4/1772/tab-figures-data

EC 1.13.12 to EC 1.14.12EC 1.13.12 to EC 1.14.12

EC 1.13.12.14 Transferred entry: chlorophyllide-a oxygenase. Now EC 1.14.13.122, chlorophyllide-a oxygenase (EC 1.13.12.14 ...
more infohttps://www.qmul.ac.uk/sbcs/iubmb/enzyme/EC1/1312p.html

From root to fruit: RNA-Seq analysis shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis may affect tomato fruit metabolism | BMC...From root to fruit: RNA-Seq analysis shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis may affect tomato fruit metabolism | BMC...

... chlorophyllide a oxygenase and geranylgeranyl reductase. In this context, it was of particular interest to observe the up- ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-15-221

Yang CH[au] - PubMed - NCBIYang CH[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Cytotoxic Effects of Chlorophyllides in Ethanol Crude Extracts from Plant Leaves.. Wang YT, Yang CH, Huang TY, Tai MH, Sie RH, ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Yang+CH%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

The Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Chlorophylls and PheophytinsThe Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Chlorophylls and Pheophytins

Naturally occurring a and b derivatives of chlorophyll, such as pheophytin, chlorophyllide, and pheophorbide, are present in ... chlorophyllide = pheophytin > chlorophyll (Hsu 2005). For each given natural chlorophyll compound there was no significant ... among chlorophyll compounds is chlorophyllide > chlorophyllin > chlorophyll > pheophytin > pheophorbide. In general, this ...
more infohttp://file.scirp.org/Html/1-2700727_35234.htm