A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The destruction of germs causing disease.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
Cetyltrimethylammonium compounds that have cationic detergent, antiseptic, and disinfectant activities. They are used in pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics as preservatives; on skin, mucous membranes, etc., as antiseptics or cleansers, and also as emulsifiers. These compounds are toxic when used orally due to neuromuscular blockade.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.
Cationic bactericidal surfactant used as a topical antiseptic for skin, wounds, mucous membranes, instruments, etc.; and also as a component in mouthwash and lozenges.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium compounds. It is a bactericidal quaternary ammonium detergent used topically in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, as a surgical antiseptic, and as a as preservative and emulsifier in drugs and cosmetics.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PORPHYROMONAS, family Porphyromonadaceae. It is a key pathogen in endodontic infections.
Calcium fluoride. Occurring in nature as the mineral fluorite or fluorspar. It is the primary source of fluorine and its compounds. Pure calcium fluoride is used as a catalyst in dehydration and dehydrogenation and is used to fluoridate drinking water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A condition sometimes occurring after tooth extraction, particularly after traumatic extraction, resulting in a dry appearance of the exposed bone in the socket, due to disintegration or loss of the blood clot. It is basically a focal osteomyelitis without suppuration and is accompanied by severe pain (alveolalgia) and foul odor. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.
A phenol obtained from thyme oil or other volatile oils used as a stabilizer in pharmaceutical preparations, and as an antiseptic (antibacterial or antifungal) agent. It was formerly used as a vermifuge.
Adherent debris produced when cutting the enamel or dentin in cavity preparation. It is about 1 micron thick and its composition reflects the underlying dentin, although different quantities and qualities of smear layer can be produced by the various instrumentation techniques. Its function is presumed to be protective, as it lowers dentin permeability. However, it masks the underlying dentin and interferes with attempts to bond dental material to the dentin.
A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.
Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.
Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.
Antibacterial used topically in burn therapy.
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
A biocompatible, hydrophilic, inert gel that is permeable to tissue fluids. It is used as an embedding medium for microscopy, as a coating for implants and prostheses, for contact lenses, as microspheres in adsorption research, etc.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)

Salivary contribution to exhaled nitric oxide. (1/615)

Dietary and metabolic nitrate is distributed from the blood to the saliva by active uptake in the salivary glands, and is reduced to nitrite in the oral cavity by the action of certain bacteria. Since it has been reported that nitric oxide may be formed nonenzymatically from nitrite this study aimed to determine whether salivary nitrite could influence measurements of exhaled NO. Ten healthy subjects fasted overnight and ingested 400 mg potassium nitrate, equivalent to approximately 200 g spinach. Exhaled NO and nasal NO were regularly measured with a chemiluminescence technique up to 3 h after the ingestion. Measurements of exhaled NO were performed with a single-breath procedure, standardized to a 20-s exhalation, at a flow of 0.15 L x s(-1), and oral pressure of 8-10 cmH2O. Values of NO were registered as NO release rate (pmol x s(-1)) during the plateau of exhalation. Exhaled NO increased steadily over time after nitrate load and a maximum was seen at 120 min (77.0+/-15.2 versus 31.2+/-3.0 pmol x s(-1), p<0.01), whereas no increase was detected in nasal NO levels. Salivary nitrite concentrations increased in parallel; at 120 min there was a four-fold increase compared with baseline (1.56+/-0.44 versus 0.37+/-0.09 mM, p<0.05). The nitrite-reducing conditions in the oral cavity were also manipulated by the use of different mouthwash procedures. The antibacterial agent chlorhexidine acetate (0.2%) decreased NO release by almost 50% (p<0.01) 90 min after nitrate loading and reduced the preload control levels by close to 30% (p<0.05). Sodium bicarbonate (10%) also reduced exhaled NO levels, but to a somewhat lesser extent than chlorhexidine acetate. In conclusion, salivary nitric oxide formation contributes to nitric oxide in exhaled air and a large intake of nitrate-rich foods before the investigation might be misinterpreted as an elevated inflammatory activity in the airways. This potential source of error and the means for avoiding it should be considered in the development of a future standardized method for measurements of exhaled nitric oxide.  (+info)

Disinfection of upper gastrointestinal fibreoptic endoscopy equipment: an evaluation of a cetrimide chlorhexidine solution and glutaraldehyde. (2/615)

There is little information available on the bacteriological contamination of upper gastrointestinal fibreoptic endoscopes during routine use and the effects of 'disinfecting solutions'. A bacteriological evaluation was therefore made of cleaning an endoscope and its ancillary equipment with (1) water, (2) an aqueous solution of 1% cetrimide with 0.1% chlorhexidine, and (3) activated aqueous 2% glutaraldehyde. All equipment, but particularly the endoscope itself, was found to be heavily contaminated after use with a wide variety of organisms of which 53% were Gram positive. Cleaning the endoscope and ancillary equipment with water and the cetrimide/chlorhexidine solution alone or in combination was inadequate to produce disinfection but immersion in glutaraldehyde for two minutes consistently produced sterile cultures with our sampling technique. A rapid and simple method for disinfection of endoscopic equipment is therefore recommended and we think this is especially suitable for busy endoscopy units.  (+info)

Inhibition of the activities of matrix metalloproteinases 2, 8, and 9 by chlorhexidine. (3/615)

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a host cell-derived proteolytic enzyme family which plays a major role in tissue-destructive inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) on MMP-2 (gelatinase A), MMP-9 (gelatinase B), and MMP-8 (collagenase 2) activity. Heat-denatured type I collagen (gelatin) was incubated with pure human MMP-2 or -9 activated with p-aminophenylmercuric acetate (APMA), and the proteolytic degradation of gelatin was monitored by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Coomassie blue staining. The effect of CHX on MMP-8 activity was also studied with a cellular model addressing the ability of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-triggered human peripheral blood neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes [PMNs]) to degrade native type I collagen. CHX inhibited the activities of both gelatinases (A and B), but MMP-2 appeared to be more sensitive than MMP-9. Adding calcium chloride to the assay mixtures almost completely prevented the inhibition of MMP-9 activity by CHX, while the inhibition of MMP-2 activity could be reversed only when CHX was used at a low concentration. This observation suggests that CHX may act via a cation-chelating mechanism. CHX dose-dependently inhibited collagenolytic activity of MMP-8 released by PMA-triggered PMNs. MMP-8 without APMA activation was inhibited clearly more efficiently than APMA-activated MMP-8. Our study suggests that the direct inhibition of the MMPs' activities by CHX may represent a new valuable effect of this antimicrobial agent and explains, at least in part, the beneficial effects of CHX in the treatment of periodontitis.  (+info)

Antimicrobial susceptibility and composition of microcosm dental plaques supplemented with sucrose. (4/615)

The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of repeated chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) pulsing on the viability and bacterial composition of microcosm dental plaques derived from human saliva. The biofilms were grown on bovine enamel discs in a constant-depth film fermentor fed with an artificial saliva which was supplemented thrice daily with sucrose. The microcosm plaques had total viable anaerobic counts of 5 x 10(8) CFU per mm2 and consisted of 12% Actinomyces spp., 85% streptococci, and 0.2% Veillonella spp. When pulsed twice daily with 0.2% CHG, there was an immediate 1.3-log10 reduction in the total viable (anaerobic) count. However, as pulsing continued, the viable counts recovered, and after 4 days, the anaerobic count reached its pre-CHG-pulsing level, although the bacterial composition of the biofilms had changed. The results of this study show that twice-daily pulsing with 0.2% CHG over a 4-day period was ineffective at reducing the total anaerobic viable count of the biofilms but did alter their bacterial composition.  (+info)

Can group B streptococci cause symptomatic vaginitis? (5/615)

BACKGROUND: Maternal cervicovaginal colonization with Lancefield group B streptococci (GBS) is an important risk factor for neonatal morbidity and mortality. About 15% of women are carriers of GBS. Usually, they are asymptomatic. CASES: We describe two patients with symptomatic vaginitis for which no apparent cause was found. Both patients were heavily colonized with GBS. After antibiotic treatment, both became asymptomatic and culture negative, but after recolonization with GBS, symptoms resumed. This phenomenon was repeatedly observed. After emergence of resistance to antibiotics, local application of chlorhexidine appeared to be the only useful treatment. CONCLUSION: We hypothesize that GBS-vaginitis may be a possible disease entity. Although at present it is not clear why some patients become symptomatic, we speculate that the immunologic response is somehow selectively hampered in such patients.  (+info)

A clinical comparison of the efficacy and efficiency of two professional prophylaxis procedures in orthodontic patients. (6/615)

This study compared the efficacy and efficiency of two professional prophylaxis procedures in orthodontic patients performing different oral hygiene regimens: the air powder polishing system (APP), and the rubber cup and pumice (RCP) technique. Sixty-two patients were divided into two groups: group I included 40 subjects who did not use any chlorhexidine mouthwash and group II comprised 22 subjects who regularly rinsed with a chlorhexidine mouthwash (at a 0.12 per cent concentration) and showed increased tooth staining. Using a split-mouth experimental design, the buccal and lingual tooth surfaces were cleaned in half of the mouth by the APP and in the opposite half by the RCP technique. Tooth surfaces were scored before (PRE) and after (POST) the experimental procedures for the plaque index (PI), and for the presence of tooth staining. In addition, the treatment time required by each procedure was recorded. In test group I, significant reductions in the PI after APP and RCP were observed. Likewise, in test group II, both procedures significantly reduced the baseline PI values. In both experimental groups, the percentage of stained sites significantly decreased after APP and RCP, but in test group II, APP seemed to be more effective than RCP. In addition, APP required significantly less time than RCP to remove dental plaque and staining. These data show that both professional prophylaxis procedures are effective in orthodontic patients, with APP being the most time-efficient technique and the most effective method for removal of tooth staining.  (+info)

N-acetylneuraminic acid transport by Streptococcus oralis strain AR3. (7/615)

Streptococcus oralis has emerged as one of the most important organisms of the viridans streptococcus group in terms of infections and is recognised as an agent of infective endocarditis and, in immunocompromised patients, septicaemia. The mechanisms by which this organism proliferates in vivo are unknown. However, host-derived sialic acids -- including N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuNAc) which is present in serum and cell-associated glycoproteins -- are a potential source of fermentable carbohydrate for bacterial proliferation, especially for sialidase-producing bacteria, including S. oralis. To further elucidate the role of NeuNAc in supporting growth, this study determined the ability of S. oralis strain AR3 (isolated from a patient with infective endocarditis) to transport NeuNAc and characterised the transport system. The transport of [14C]-labelled NeuNAc into S. oralis was monitored and this transport system was induced by growth of the bacteria in the presence of the N-acetylated sugars NeuNAc, N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmannosamine. The transport system followed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with a Km of 21.0 microM and a Vmax of 2.65 nmoles of NeuNAc transported/min/mg of dry cell mass. NeuNAc transport was inhibited by the presence of exogenous N-glycolylneuraminic acid, a related sialic acid. Chlorhexidine, NaF and 2,4-dinitrophenol were potent inhibitors of the transport system, suggesting that the uptake of NeuNAc occurs via a proton motive force-dependent permease system. This is the first report of the mechanism by which NeuNAc transport occurs in pathogenic streptococci. This transport process may have relevance to the acquisition of a source of fermentable carbohydrate and thus bacterial proliferation in vivo.  (+info)

Chlorhexidine and chondrolysis in the knee. (8/615)

We have summarised the clinical and pathological changes in the knees of three patients in whom aqueous chlorhexidine 0.02% had been used as the irrigation solution during arthroscopically-assisted reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Even very dilute solutions of chlorhexidine can cause marked chondrolysis of articular cartilage leading to severe permanent damage to the knee. Irrigation solutions should be checked carefully to ensure that their composition is appropriate to the procedure being carried out. Exposure of articular cartilage to chlorhexidine should be avoided.  (+info)

SHREEJI PHARMA from Gujarat, India is a manufacturer, supplier, wholesaler and exporter of Chlorhexidine Diacetate at reasonable price.
Kemcolour International - Manufacturer,Supplier and Exporter of Chlorhexidine Digluconate, Chlorhexidine Digluconate Solution, Chlorhexidine Gluconate Powder etc.
Chlorhexidine Gluconate & Ethyl Alcohol ( Corub) Hand ...- chlorhexidine gluconate how many for hand sanitizer ,Arlak Biotech Private Limited - Offering Chlorhexidine Gluconate & Ethyl Alcohol ( Corub) Hand Sanitizers, Hand Disinfectant, Hand Sanitiser, Hand Sanitizer Gel, Hand Senitizer, Surgical Disinfectant Hand Rub in Zirakpur, Punjab. Get best price and read about company. Get contact details and address, ID: 22152726073Comparative Antimicrobial Efficacy of Two Hand Sanitizers ...Alcohol-based hand sanitizers, while effective, do not provide sustained antimicrobial activity. The objective of this study was to compare the immediate and persistent activity of 2 hand hygiene products (ethanol [61% w/v] plus chlorhexidine gluconate [CHG; 1.0% solution] and ethanol only [70% v/v]) when used in an intensive care unit (ICU ...
Chlorhexidine bigluconate 20% used as active ingredient in many antimicrobial formulations. We offer chlorhexidine digluconate 20% according to USP/BP/EP
Alibaba.com offers 361 chlorhexidine solution products. About 14% of these are antibiotic and antimicrobial agents, 7% are disinfectant and preservatives, and 6% are general medical supplies. A wide variety of chlorhexidine solution options are available to you, such as medicine grade, cosmetic grade, and food grade.
Inquiry for China Chlorhexidine Gluconate 18472-51-0 of Anhui Tianrun Chemical Industry Stock Co., Ltd. , China Chlorhexidine Gluconate 18472-51-0 Suppliers & Manufacturers
Using PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG during pregnancy may raise the risk of children developing some disorder (commpon for some such kind of drugs), however it depends upon how PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG ingredients pass through placenta and may have effect on baby - Strength of PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG is major factor in determination of such side effects, The possible danger in pregnancy are under research. FERRER INTERNACIONAL S.A. Canada publish leaflet about PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG every update to describe possible risks of using PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG side effect in pregnancy and pregnant women. You may download FERRER INTERNACIONAL S.A. issued leaflet regarding side effects of PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG - CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE. Pregnancy Side Effects can be easily know by Atc code of PRE-OP II WITH CHLORHEXIDINE SPG 208MG ATC CODE.. ...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of two different antiseptic solutions (2%chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol with 2% aqueous chlorhexidine)when used in a standardized controlled manner in cleansing the skin of infants with birth weight less than 1500 grams prior to a skin breaking procedure (venepuncture).. The investigators hypothesize that the use of limited amount of 2% aqueous chlorhexidine solution will be as effective as the same amount of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol for skin antisepsis and that limited exposure to 2% aqueous CHG may be associated with less adverse skin reactions.. Literature from adults has shown that both 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol as well as 2% aqueous chlorhexidine can provide effective skin antisepsis though alcohol containing solution had more long lasting effect. It is also well known from many case reports that alcohol containing products when used to clean abdominal skin for neonatal procedures can cause severe skin damage in preterm ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reappraisal of routine oral care with chlorhexidine gluconate for patients receiving mechanical ventilation. T2 - Systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Klompas, Michael. AU - Speck, Kathleen. AU - Howell, Michael D.. AU - Greene, Linda R.. AU - Berenholtz, Sean M.. PY - 2014/5. Y1 - 2014/5. N2 - IMPORTANCE Regular oral care with chlorhexidine gluconate is standard of care for patients receiving mechanical ventilation in most hospitals. This policy is predicated on meta-analyses suggesting decreased risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia, but these meta-analysesmay be misleading because of lack of distinction between cardiac surgery and non-cardiac surgery studies, conflation of open-label vs double-blind investigations, and insufficient emphasis on patient-centered outcomes such as duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay, and mortality. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of routine oral care with chlorhexidine on patient-centered outcomes in patients receiving ...
We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials to explore the effectiveness of oral chlorhexidine on nosocomial pneumonia, causative bacteria, and mortality. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized trials in critically ill patients receiving oral chlorhexidine. Odds ratios (OR) were pooled with the random effects model. Twenty-two randomized trials including 4277 patients were identified. Chlorhexidine significantly reduced the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia (OR 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.51-0.85) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.53-0.87). There was a significant reduction of nosocomial pneumonia due to both Gram-positive (OR 0.41; 95% CI 0.19-0.85) and Gram-negative (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.51-0.90) bacteria, but only pneumonia due to normal flora (OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.33-0.80). The subgroup analysis revealed a significant benefit of chlorhexidine on nosocomial pneumonia in surgical ...
Aim: To compare the efficacy of black coffee mouthwash and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in prevention of gingivitis and plaque formation. Materials and methods: A total of 30 randomly selected subjects visiting the private clinic, were considered for the study. The gingival index (GI) by Loe and Silness was recorded which was followed by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quigley Hein plaque index (TQHPI) at 0 and 15 days. Individuals who gave an informed consent, subjects in the age group of 25 to 35 years with having fair and poor gingival index scores, were included in the study. Results: Results showed statistically significant reduction (p , 0.05) in mean plaque index (PI) with chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash when compared with black coffee mouthwash. No significant difference in mean gingival index (GI) was seen when chlorhexidine mouthwash was compared with Coffea canephorea extract. Conclusion: From the above observations, it can be concluded that chlorhexidine gluconate as ...
DENTI-CARE CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE ORAL RINSE 0.12% is a preferred drug on the Reformulary and can be used to treat Dental. This drug works just as well and may cost you less than other drugs.
NEELKANTH Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution NEELKANTH Desobturator (Resin Remover) An antibacterial irrigating solution for endodontic irrigation during treatment of root canal. FEATURES :- 2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution for endodontic irrigation
The Global Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution Market research report 2019 primarily highlights market standing and forecast, categorizes the world Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution market size (value & volume) by makers such as Xttrium, Molnlycke Health, 3M, BD, Ecolab, R.N.Lab, Afton Pharma, Sunstar Guidor, Evnoik Ind...
Description of the drug Chlorhexidine Gluconate. - patient information, description, dosage and directions. What is Chlorhexidine Gluconate!
The principal hypothesis of this protocol is that, in the context of routine oral/nasal suctioning of infants, a higher concentration of chlorhexidine for peripartum vaginal and postpartum newborn cleansing results in reduction in maternal child transmission (MCT) of HIV. The in vitro data suggest that a higher concentration of chlorhexidine in the primary wash solution is much more likely to have a virucidal effect perinatally and thus reduce MCT.. Perinatal intervention consists of the following: 1) cervicovaginal wash of the entire birth canal with a chlorhexidine solution at the time of each vaginal examination of a mother in labor; 2) immediate suctioning of the nasal and oral passages of the infant at the time the head emerges (fluids to be tested for viral load at future date); and 3) thorough washing of the baby with a chlorhexidine solution immediately after delivery. Blood samples are collected from some infants for measurement of chlorhexidine levels approximately 2 hours ...
G.U.M Paroex ústní voda proti parodontóze (Mouthwash - 0,06% Chlorhexidine digluconate) 500 ml z kategorie Zuby značky G.U.M koupíte na Parfums.cz
Product Name : Chlorhexidine Gluconate solution 20% BP Chlorhexidine Digluconate solution 20 % EP Description : Almost colorless or pale-yellowish liquid. Solubility : Miscible with water, with not more than 3 Parts of acetone and with not more...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of chlorhexidine incorporation into dental adhesive resin on durability of resin-dentin bond. AU - Yiu, Cynthia K.Y.. AU - Hiraishi, Noriko. AU - Tay, Franklin Chi Meng. AU - King, Nigel M.. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) incorporation into experimental dentin adhesives with different hydrophilicities on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin. Materials and Methods: Flat, deep dentin surfaces were prepared from 60 extracted human third molars. Three ethanol-solvated (50 wt% ethanol/50 wt% comonomers) experimental adhesives with varying degrees of hydrophilicity were prepared for the CHX-free groups. For the CHX-containing groups, chlorhexidine diacetate was further added to the ethanol-solvated adhesives to form a concentration of 2.0 wt% CHX. Dentin surfaces were etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s, rinsed and blot dried before bonding. The adhesives were generously applied to dentin with a ...
The percutaneous absorption of chlorhexidine during its routine use in topical antiseptic preparations used in umbilical cord care was investigated by determining plasma chlorhexidine concentrations at ages 5 and 9 days. These showed that percutaneous absorption of chlorhexidine occurred in preterm neonates treated with a 1% solution of chlorhexidine in ethanol, but not in term infants similarly treated, or in preterm infants treated only with a dusting powder containing 1% chlorhexidine and 3% zinc oxide.. ...
China 99% Chlorhexidine Acetate CAS: 56-95-1, Find details about China Chlorhexidine Acetate, Chlorhexidine Di(Acetate); from 99% Chlorhexidine Acetate CAS: 56-95-1 - Wuhan Yuancheng Gongchuang Technology Co., Ltd.
STEP three - Disinfect the Wound: Youll find two wonderful and available antiseptics for caring for pet wounds. They are Chlorhexidine diacetate* and Povidone iodine**, and I like to recommend you do have a bottle of one (or equally) all over your private home with pets. You do not need to work with both of those at full toughness though, they both should be diluted*** for safest use. Chlorhexidine diacetate needs to be diluted to the 0.05% Resolution***, even though the povidine iodine must be diluted to some one% Answer for safe and helpful cleaning and disinfecting. You could possibly use some soaked gauze sponges to gently blot the region, or if youve got a syringe in your dogs initial-assist package, You can even use that to spray the diluted disinfecting solution on to the area under a bit of force (which often can even further assist to dislodge any microorganisms or particles which was missed during the earlier wound flushing action ...
Chlorhexidine Mouthwash Mint containing Chlorhexidine Gluconate is used to treat gingivitis (swelling, redness, and bleeding of the gums).
Phase three - Disinfect the Wound: Youll find two great and readily available antiseptics for caring for pet wounds. They are Chlorhexidine diacetate* and Povidone iodine**, and I recommend you have a bottle of one (or each) all over your home with Animals. You dont need to make use of either of such at comprehensive toughness though, they both equally should be diluted*** for most secure use. Chlorhexidine diacetate should be diluted to the 0.05% solution***, when the povidine iodine really should be diluted into a 1% solution for safe and effective cleaning and disinfecting. You are able to either use some soaked gauze sponges to Carefully blot the realm, or if youve got a syringe in your dogs first-help kit, You may also use that to spray the diluted disinfecting Resolution onto the region beneath some pressure (that may even more assist to dislodge any microorganisms or debris click here which was missed in the past wound flushing phase ...
Phase three - Disinfect the Wound: You will discover two terrific and readily available antiseptics for caring for pet wounds. They can be Chlorhexidine diacetate* and Povidone iodine**, and I recommend you do have a bottle of 1 (or both equally) all around your property with Animals. You dont need to implement possibly of these at comprehensive strength nevertheless, they the two must be diluted*** for most secure use. Chlorhexidine diacetate needs to be diluted to your 0.05% Resolution***, whilst the povidine iodine needs to be diluted to some 1% Resolution for Harmless and efficient cleaning and disinfecting. Youll be able to either use some soaked gauze sponges to gently blot the area, or if youve got a check here syringe in your dogs initial-aid package, You may also use that to spray the diluted disinfecting Resolution onto the area under a little bit of stress (which might more aid to dislodge any microorganisms or debris that was skipped in the previous wound flushing action ...
Animal Owners and Caregivers Rood and Riddle Veterinary Pharmacy welcomes you to place your prescription order online by using our website. However, to have the order fully processed and filled, your veterinarian will have to provide a prescription for the medication(s) you would like to order.. This can be accomplished in three ways: Your Veterinarian may call one of our pharmacists directly, you may download our Prescription Form and ask your veterinarian to complete and fax or mail it directly to our pharmacy, or your veterinarian can order and verify prescriptions directly on our website. The form must be faxed directly from your veterinarians office. Otherwise, the completed, original form must be mailed to: 2150 Georgetown Rd. Building 25, Lexington, KY 40511 before your prescription can be shipped. Our fax number is (859) 406-1200.. Click Here to Download the Prescription Form. If you have any issues or would like to place your order over the phone, please call our pharmacy at ...
Comparative evaluation of subgingivally delivered chlorhexidine varnish and chlorhexidine gel in reducing microbial count after mechanical periodontal therapy, Sathish Manthena, Am
Corsodyl Alcohol Free mouthwash provides effective treatment for gum problems.The active ingredient is Chlorhexidine Digluconate which is an antibacterial agent that reduces the formation of dental plaque.The Chlorhexidine Digluconate also helps to:- Treat and prevent gum disease, Promote gum healing after dental surgery, Control mouth ulcers, Maintain mouth hygiene, Manage oral thrush and denture sore mouth.Directions for use:After brushing in the morning and evening, rinse the mouth out thoroughly with water. Follow this by rinsing the mouth with 10 ml of Corsodyl for about one minute.Warnings: Corsodyl can be used for up to 30 days, depending on the severity of your condition.
Durvet Chlorhexidine 2% Solution is a topical aqueous cleaning solution for use on horses and dogs for application to superficial cuts, abrasions or insect stings.Dilution rate: 1 oz Chlorhexidine Solution per gallon of clean water.Directions: Rinse skin area to be treated with Chlorhexidine Solution. Wipe away excess and pat dry with a sterile gau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of vaginal lavage with diluted chlorhexidine on mother-to child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in a breastfeeding population. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was conducted in a governmental hospital in Mombasa, Kenya. On alternating weeks, women were allocated to non-intervention or to intervention consisting of vaginal lavage with 120 ml 0.2% chlorhexidine, later increased to 0.4%, repeated every 3 h from admission to delivery. Infants were tested for HIV by DNA polymerase chain reaction within 48 h and at 6 and 14 weeks of life. RESULTS: Enrolment and follow-up data were available for 297 and 309 HIV-positive women, respectively, in the non-lavage and the lavage groups. There was no evidence of a difference in intrapartum MTCT (17.2 versus 15.9%, OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.6-1.4) between the groups. Lavage solely before rupture of the membranes tended towards lower MTCT with chlorhexidine 0.2% (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.3-1.1), and even more with chlorhexidine 0.4% (OR ...
3M™ Tegaderm™ CHG IV dressing is a semi-permeable transparent adhesive dressing with an integrated gel pad containing chlorhexidine gluconate 2%. This product was reviewed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in 2015, recommending that Tegaderm CHG could be used for CVC and arterial line dressings in high-dependency and intensive-care settings. This article discusses issues around CRBSI, interventions to reduce the risk of CRBSI, and the use of Tegaderm CHG dressing.. Reference:. Jeanes, A. and Bitmead, J. (2015) Reducing bloodstream infection with a chlorhexidine gel IV dressing. British Journal of Nursing. 24(Sup19), p.S14-S19.. Thank you to our partners for supporting IVTEAM ...
The effect of a slow-releasing dosage (SRD) coating of chlorhexidine on the salivary levels of Streptococcus mutans and on plaque index scores in patients with removable partial dentures (RPD) was tested. The SRD proved to be effective in maintaining a low level of S. mutans counts after mechanical cleaning, as compared to a baseline established during the control period. Plaque index scores were lower following the treatment and correlated with the microbiological results. Our findings indicate that a single application of sustained-release chlorhexidine to removable partial dentures effectively maintains S. mutans levels as well as reducing the plaque score for a minimum period of 1 week.
Tegaderm™ CHG Chlorhexidine Gluconate I.V. Securement Dressing is the only transparent dressing indicated and proven to reduce CRBSI and vascular catheter colonization that align with evidence-based guidelines and practice standards.
Scrub Care Exidine-2 Chg with NDC 0116-2992 is a a human over the counter drug product labeled by Xttrium Laboratories, Inc.. The generic name of Scrub Care Exidine-2 Chg is chlorhexidine gluconate.
Superdent Chlorhexidine Gluconate Oral Rinse official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes: indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.
Four per cent chlorhexidine solution is considered as an ideal antiseptic for cord cleansing after birth in newborns for the prevention of infection-related mortality and morbidity. Currently the debate is focused on identifying the best frequency of its applications and its inclusion in safe delivery kits for home deliveries in resource-poor situations.1 ,2. ...
Chlorhexidine Gluconate Antimicrobial Skin Cleanser - Flip-top Cap,This antimicrobial skin cleanser will not leave your hands dry, cracked or irritated, even with frequent washings. With persistent Antimicrobial action, CHG Skin Cleanser attacks a wide range of microorganisms, including gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, fungi, and yeasts. It is also effect,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
Tegaderm™ CHG Chlorhexidine Gluconate I.V. Securement Dressing provides continuous site visibility and antimicrobial protection in one integrated product.
3M™ Tegaderm™ CHG Chlorhexidine Gluconate I.V. Securement Dressing is used to cover and protect catheter sites and to secure devices to the skin.
[124 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2017-2022 North America Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) Solution Market Report report by LP Information INC. ...
Manufacturer of Dental Products - Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash, Cefixime Potassium Clavulanate Tablets, Dental Paste offered by Estrellas Life Sciences Private Limited, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash (peppermint) 300ml available to buy online at Weldricks. UK based Weldricks Pharmacy is Committed to Community Healthcare.
Date: Sunday, June 16, 2013. Time: 12:00 AM ET. Silvia Munoz-Price, MD, an epidemiologist at Jackson Memorial Hospital, discussed how using applications of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) has affected CLABSI rates in her institution.. Jamie St. Clair RN, MS, and Brenda Vermillion, RN, with The Ohio State University (OSU) Wexner Medical Center reviewed how certain blood culture techniques and environmental decontamination, along with CHG bathing, slashed CLABSI rates at OSU.. ...
It has been suggested that a bathing procedure that focuses on decolonization may decrease HAI rates. This procedure routinely includes administration of a nasal antibacterial agent and then bathing patients with a solution of 2% to 4% chlorhexidine gluconate, each for a series of days. It has also been suggested that bath basins may be a source of bacterial transmission. Further, use of a bath basin may lead to contamination of other items such as the sink for hand washing.1 These suggestions bring into.... ...
HCG Chlorhexidine gluconate 4% solution. Non-toxic, non-staining, antiseptic - germicide. Water Birth pools, tubs, birthing accessories, videos, kits, waterbirth products
Baxter Exidine 4% Scrub Solution (Chlorhexidine Gluconate Gallon : Approved for various uses such as patient preoperative prep, presurgical hand scr
Mal-A-Ket Wipes (Chlorhexidine Gluconate/Ketoconazole/Acetic Acid) are pre-moistened antifungal wipes used to clean between the folds of your pets skin and in hard to reach places to prevent infections from forming.
Shop online for lowest price son 3M 10019 SPONGE PREPARATION, CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE, ALCOHOL FREE in Canada. Free shipping on qualifying orders with in Canada.
Pyoderm S Shampoo (Chlorhexidine Gluconate) is a medicated shampoo prescribed to treat fungal infections of the skin affecting dogs or cats. It is prescribed to treat a variety of conditions and operates by disrupting fungal cell walls and preventing their reproduction to stop the spread of infection allowing the immune system to eliminate it.
Ketochlor (Ketoconazole/Chlorhexidine Gluconate) is a medicated shampoo prescribed to treat fungal skin infections affecting dogs and cats.
Chlorhexidine • Christian Medical and Dental Fellowship of Australia • Christian Medical and Dental Society • Church and Dwight ...
... use of chlorhexidine soap; use of sterile PPE and barrier drapes; and daily inspection for possible removal). The checklist ...
Chlorhexidine - mainly against enveloped viruses. Povidone-iodine (PVP-I), "high potency for virucidal activity has been ...
Chlorhexidine may also be tried. Surgical treatment may include partial or complete tonsil removal. Up to 10% of people have ... Chlorhexidine may also be tried. Surgical treatment may include partial or complete tonsil removal. Some people are able to ...
ChlorhexidineEdit. Chlorhexidine gluconate is an antiseptic mouthrinse that should only be used in two-week time periods due to ... There are three commonly used kinds of mouthwash: saline (salty water), essential oils (Listerine, etc.), and chlorhexidine ... Van Leeuwen M, Slot D, Van der Weijden G. "Essential oils compared to chlorhexidine with respect to plaque and parameters of ... Strydonck DA, Slot DE, Velden U, Weijden F. "Effect of a chlorhexidine mouthrinse on plaque, gingival inflammation and staining ...
Comparison between octenidine and chlorhexidine determined by the suspension test after 5 minutes of exposure.. Effective ... compared to chlorhexidine after 15 min.[8] Wound irrigation with octenidine has caused severe complications in dogs,[9] aseptic ... Octenidine preparations are less expensive than chlorhexidine and no resistance had been observed as of 2007.[2] They may ... It is a substitute for chlorhexidine, with respect to its slow action and concerns about the carcinogenic impurity 4- ...
It is structurally similar to chlorhexidine. Obikili AG, Oji EO, Shonekan RO, Otti P (1988). "A double-blind comparison of ...
Chlorhexidine impregnated chips are also available. Hydrogen peroxide is a naturally occurring antimicrobial that can be ... and chlorhexidine. Adjunctive local therapy generally reduced PD levels....Whether such improvements, even if statistically ...
Chlorhexidine mouthwash can also cause taste disturbance or alteration. Chlorhexidine is rarely associated with other issues ... demonstrated that a chlorhexidine compound could prevent the build-up of dental plaque. The reason for chlorhexidine's ... chlorhexidine mouthrinse. Chlorhexidine mouthrinses increase staining score of teeth over a period of time. However, many ... "Chlorhexidine alcohol base mouthrinse versus Chlorhexidine formaldehyde base mouthrinse efficacy on plaque control: double ...
Certain irrigants, such as sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine, have proved to be effective antimicrobials in vitro[20] and ...
Evidence of benefit with chlorhexidine is lacking. A decreased risk is found with providone-iodine when a cesarean section is ... Another effort to prevent infection has been the use of the antiseptic chlorhexidine or providone-iodine solution in the vagina ... Lumbiganon P, Thinkhamrop J, Thinkhamrop B, Tolosa JE (September 2014). "Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour for preventing ...
Often, skin preparation is performed with chlorhexidine. Patients receiving a ureteroscopy may receive a spinal or general ...
PAA may inactivate the antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate. The neutralized polyacrylic acid gels are suitable to obtain ... Kaiser, Nancy; Klein, Dan; Karanja, Peter; Greten, Zachariah; Newman, Jerry (2009). "Inactivation of chlorhexidine gluconate on ...
"Nanoparticle-Encapsulated Chlorhexidine against Oral Bacterial Biofilms". PLOS ONE. 9 (8): e103234. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j3234S ...
Clean the patient's skin with chlorhexidine antiseptic. Put sterile drapes over the entire patient. Wear a sterile mask, hat, ...
... chlorhexidine cord cleansing (to prevent umbilical cord infections); and injectable antibiotics (to treat newborn sepsis and ...
"Antimicrobial substantivity of alexidine and chlorhexidine in dentin". J Endod. 39 (11): 1413-5. doi:10.1016/j.joen.2013.07.038 ...
Cetylpyridinium chloride and chlorhexidine can temporarily stain teeth. If gum disease and cavities are present, it is ... Tentative evidence supports the use of mouthwash containing chlorhexidine or cetylpyridinium chloride. While there is tentative ... Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine, zinc gluconate, zinc chloride ...
Chlorhexidine provides superior results with equivalent adverse events. Consequently, PVP-I has found broad application in ... There is strong evidence that chlorhexidine and denatured alcohol used to clean skin prior to surgery is better than any ... Wade RG, Burr NE, McCauley G, Bourke G, Efthimiou O (September 2020). "The Comparative Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Gluconate and ...
Chlorhexidine can also reduce the amount of pre-existing plaque. Chlorhexidine is generally found on products such as dental ... Chlorhexidine is another example of a non-specific antimicrobial agent. It acts by disrupting bacterial deposition and plaque ... Davies, R.M.; Hull, P.S. (1973). "Plaque inhibition and distribution of chlorhexidine in Beagle dogs". Journal of Periodontal ... Ingredients such as polyphosphate, zinc salts, and chlorhexidine have active properties to help prevent or reduce the formation ...
Chlorhexidine is another antimicrobial agent used in toothpastes, however it is more commonly added in mouthwash products. ... Slot DE, Berchier CE, Addy M, Van der Velden U, Van der Weijden GA (February 2014). "The efficacy of chlorhexidine dentifrice ... James P, Worthington HV, Parnell C, Harding M, Lamont T, Cheung A, Whelton H, Riley P (March 2017). "Chlorhexidine mouthrinse ... "Current uses of chlorhexidine for management of oral disease: a narrative review". Journal of Dentistry. 103: 103497. doi: ...
Before injection, disinfect gingival sulcus with 0.2% chlorhexidine solution. Administration of soft tissue anesthesia is ...
Some strains can tolerate chlorhexidine, a common surgical disinfectant. Infections of D. acidovorans can be confirmed through ... "Microscopic and Spectroscopic Analyses of Chlorhexidine Tolerance in Delftia acidovorans Biofilms". Antimicrobial Agents and ... "Microscopic and Spectroscopic Analyses of Chlorhexidine Tolerance in Delftia acidovorans Biofilms". Antimicrobial Agents and ...
Filoche, S. K.; Soma, K.; Sissons, C. H. (2005). "Antimicrobial effects of essential oils in combination with chlorhexidine ... thymol has been found to be more effective when used in combination with chlorhexidine than when used purely by itself. Thymol ...
Often an antimicrobial mouthwash such as chlorhexidine is concurrently prescribed. Possible underlying disease (diabetes, HIV) ...
However effective, chlorhexidine gluconate is not meant for long-term use. A recent European study suggests a link between the ... Oral irrigation of the periodontal tissues may be done using chlorhexidine gluconate solution, which has high substantivity in ... They also had the patients use chlorhexidine for two months after the treatment. Another question in dental cleaning is how ... the active antibacterial ingredients in chlorhexidine gluconate infiltrate the tissue and remain active for a period of time. ...
July 2012). "Efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate ointment (Oronine H(®)) for experimentally-induced comedones". Clinical, ... and chlorhexidine gluconate. Several naturally occurring molecules and compounds are toxic to C. acnes bacteria. Some essential ...
Chlorhexidine gluconate was also linked to serious allergic reactions, albeit rarely. The use of the miswak is frequently ... Mouthrinses containing chlorhexidine was with maximum antibacterial activity, while cetylpyridinium chloride mouthrinses were ... "Safety Alerts for Human Medical Products - Chlorhexidine Gluconate: Drug Safety Communication - Rare But Serious Allergic ... low antimicrobial activity compared to other oral disinfectants and anti-plaque agents like triclosan and chlorhexidine ...
Pulpal bleeding can be controlled by irrigation of sodium hypochlorite or chlorhexidine. The site is then covered with a pulpal ... The surface of the remaining pulp is then irrigated with bacteriocidal irrigants such as sodium hypochlorite or chlorhexidine ...
Brookes, Zoë L.S.; Bescos, Raul; Belfield, Louise A.; Ali, Kamran; Roberts, Anthony (2020). "Current uses of chlorhexidine for ... antimicrobial mouth rinse such as chlorhexidine, antiseptic chips/gels. When the swelling in the gums reduces it will no longer ...
A combination of standard infection-prevention measures and the use of the disinfectant chlorhexidine should be used to control ... and chlorhexidine. The antiseptic chlorhexidine showed the greatest activity, "requiring ,0.02% to effectively inhibit ... A combination of standard infection prevention measures and the use of disinfectant chlorhexidine should be used to combat the ... Cite this: Chlorhexidine Effective Against Candida auris Biofilms - Medscape - Jan 12, 2017. ...
Chlorhexidine and Suture Materials. Br Med J 1965; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5438.860-b (Published 27 March 1965) ...
Chlorhexidine (commonly known by the salt forms chlorhexidine gluconate and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) or chlorhexidine ... Chlorhexidine came into medical use in the 1950s. Chlorhexidine is available over the counter (OTC) in the United States. It is ... In animals, chlorhexidine is used for topical disinfection of wounds, and to manage skin infections. Chlorhexidine-based ... "Chlorhexidine Adverse Effects". www.poison.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04. Pubchem. "Chlorhexidine". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. ...
Students quickly learn that there are no easy answers to encouraging chlorhexidines greater use. To develop a plan, it is ... It was clear that chlorhexidine, a substance applied to newborns umbilical cord stumps to prevent infection, could reduce ... Chlorhexidine Adoption in Nigeria. Case Number: 5-217-255, Year Published: 2017 ... 10 million contributed by global donors and foundations to scale up the use of chlorhexidine in Nigeria. ...
As a junior doctor working in geriatrics, I could never have imagined that in 20 years time I would have led the development of a medicine which has the potential to save hundreds of thousands of babies lives. Read more. ...
A list of US medications equivalent to Chlorhexidine Acetate is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Chlorhexidine Acetate is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Ingredient matches for Chlorhexidine Acetate. Chlorhexidine. Chlorhexidine Acetate (BANM) is known as Chlorhexidine in the US. ... Chlorhexidine Acetate. Chlorhexidine Acetate may be available in the countries listed below. ...
About CHLORHEXIDINE DIGLUCONATE: Chlorhexidine Digluconate is a salt of Chlorhexidine (q.v.) and gluconic acid.. Function(s): ... CHLORHEXIDINE BIGLUCONATE; CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE; CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE SOLUTION; COMPD. WITH D-GLUCONIC ACID; COMPD. WITH ... Synonym(s): CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE; 1,1-HEXAMETHYLENE BIS (5- (P-CHLOROPHENYL) BIGUANIDE) DIGLUCONATE; ...
A list of US medications equivalent to Chlorhexidine/Chlorobutanol Biogaran is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Chlorhexidine/Chlorobutanol Biogaran is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Chlorhexidine. Chlorhexidine digluconate (a derivative of Chlorhexidine) is reported as an ingredient of Chlorhexidine/ ... Chlorhexidine/Chlorobutanol Biogaran may be available in the countries listed below.. Ingredient matches for Chlorhexidine/ ...
Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic and disinfectant agent that kills various bacteria, viruses and fungi that can cause throat ... Although lidocaine and chlorhexidine have been in widespread use for many years without apparently causing harm, their safety ... Covonia throat spray contains two active ingredients, lidocaine and chlorhexidine. Lidocaine is a type of medicine called a ... Covonia throat spray (lidocaine, chlorhexidine). Available over the counter from pharmacies, we explain everything you need to ...
chlorhexidine synonyms, chlorhexidine pronunciation, chlorhexidine translation, English dictionary definition of chlorhexidine ... n an antiseptic compound used in skin cleansers, mouthwashes, etc Noun 1. chlorhexidine - a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; ... chlorhexidine. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. chlorhexidine. (klɔːˈhɛksɪdiːn) n. ( ... 2 % Chlorhexidine Gluconate in 70 % Alcohol Solution 4 % Chlorhexidine Gluconate in 70 % Alcohol Solution 10 % Povidone Iodine ...
CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE (UNII: MOR84MUD8E) (CHLORHEXIDINE - UNII:R4KO0DY52L) CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE. 1.2 mg in 1 mL. ... Chlorhexidine gluconate product is a near neutral solution (pH range 5-7). Chlorhexidine gluconate is a salt of chlorhexidine ... Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse should not be used by persons who are known to be hypersensitive to chlorhexidine gluconate ... Excretion of chlorhexidine gluconate occurred primarily through the feces (~90%). Less than 1% of the chlorhexidine gluconate ...
Top prescribers for CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE. « First ‹ Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 … Next › Last » ... Prescriber Checkup » CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE. Treats gingivitis (swelling of the gums) and other ...
I am wondering how you prep with hibiclens/chlorhexidine soap. Say for a foot with an open ulcer. Do you use and dilute with ...
Testing Status of Chlorhexidine 11012. CASRN: 55-56-1. Formula: C22-H30-Cl2-N10. Synonyms/Common Names. *1,1-Hexamethylenebis( ...
Comparing Chlorhexidine Concentrations in Gingivitis Comparing Chlorhexidine Concentrations in Gingivitis. Chlorhexidine rinse ... Chlorhexidine Does Not Reduce MDR Organisms in Non-ICU Hospital Areas Chlorhexidine Does Not Reduce MDR Organisms in Non-ICU ... Chlorhexidine Gel for Prevention of Alveolar Osteitis Chlorhexidine Gel for Prevention of Alveolar Osteitis. Alveolar osteitis ... Might Chlorhexidine Wipes Reduce CLABSI Risk for Cancer Patients?. Chlorhexidine wipe bathing might help reduce the risk of ...
Distinct versions of chlorhexidine (on right in image) and non-pourable applicators are already used in many hospitals without ... Indistinct chlorhexidine (circled) is easily mistaken for other colourless solutions leading to the suffering of many patients ... Patient Safe needs your help with "Ban indistinct pourable chlorhexidine from hospitals". Join Patient and 653 supporters today ... Patient Safe needs your help with "Ban indistinct pourable chlorhexidine from hospitals". Join Patient and 653 supporters today ...
Exposure of human cells in culture to chlorhexidine at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.004% resulted in impaired ... Cytopathologic effects of chlorhexidine on human cells.. Goldschmidt P, Cogen R, Taubman S. ... Exposure of cells to 0.2% chlorhexidine for 30 seconds produced maximal suppression of protein synthesis and release of 51Cr. ... Cytopathologic[Title] AND effects[Title] AND chlorhexidine[Title] AND human[Title] AND cells[Title]. Search. ...
Chlorhexidine may have a bitter aftertaste. Do not rinse your mouth with water immediately after using chlorhexidine, since ... Chlorhexidine destroys the bacteria, thereby preventing the gingivitis from occurring. However, chlorhexidine does not prevent ... Information about this chlorhexidine-oral-route. Pregnancy Category. Explanation. All Trimesters. C. Animal studies have shown ... Chlorhexidine may change the way foods taste to you. Sometimes this effect may last up to 4 hours after you use the oral rinse ...
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:. ...
Home » chlorhexidine gluconate. chlorhexidine gluconate. CHG-Medicated Soap Helps Prevent MRSA Spread: Study Using soaps ... medicated with 4 percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is more effective in preventing the spread of community-acquired ...
Trial of chlorhexidine gluconate for fungal corneal ulcers.. Rahman MR1, Minassian DC, Srinivasan M, Martin MJ, Johnson GJ. ... In vitro studies and a small pilot study have shown that chlorhexidine gluconate is effective. The aim was to establish the ... At 5 days the response was related to the concentration of chlorhexidine, with 0.2% giving the best results. Compared with the ... A masked randomized clinical trial of three concentrations of chlorhexidine compared with natamycin 5% was carried out in ...
The chemical antiseptic chlorhexidine does a better job than povidone-iodine in reducing the risk of surgical site infections, ... In the mupirocin/chlorhexidine group, 17 of 504 patients (or 3.4%) got an S. aureus infection, compared with 32 of 413 patients ... The chemical antiseptic chlorhexidine does a better job than povidone-iodine in reducing the risk of surgical site infections, ... On the other hand, he said, the "weight of evidence" is now firmly on the side of chlorhexidine and alcohol as a preoperative ...
Our Infection Control Practitioner has approached us regarding changing the brand of chlorhexidine patch we use on all central ... Im not aware of people being sensitive to chlorhexidine. I do know that I dont like it much for an open wound!. Z ... By the way, Ive kind of noticed a trend where there is becoming a kind of hesitance to be so heavy-handed with chlorhexidine ... I work in a NICU and we commonly see patients with Chlorhexidine sensitivity/allergies. We typically see it on our older babies ...
Find treatment reviews for benzocaine-chlorhexidine from other patients. Learn from their experiences about effectiveness, side ...
Chlorhexidine. Regulatory process names 4 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 10 Trade names 1 Other identifiers 7 ...
A test according to OECD 201 was conducted using Chlorhexidine digluconate as test substance. As Chlorhexidine base is the ...
amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;a href=&amp;amp;amp;quot;http://www.burstnet.com/ads/ad14522a-map.cgi/ns/v=2.3S/sz=300x250A/&amp;amp;amp;quot; mce_href=&amp;amp;amp;quot;http://www.burstnet.com/ads/ad14522a-map.cgi/ns/v=2.3S/sz=300x250A/&amp;amp;amp;quot; target=&amp;amp;amp;quot;_top&amp;amp;amp;quot;&amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;lt;img src=&amp;amp;amp;quot;http://www.burstnet.com/cgi-bin/ads/ad14522a.cgi/ns/v=2.3S/sz=300x250A/&amp;amp;amp;quot; mce_src=&amp;amp;amp;quot;http://www.burstnet.com/cgi-bin/ads/ad14522a.cgi/ns/v=2.3S/sz=300x250A/&amp;amp;amp;quot; alt=&amp;amp;amp;quot;Click Here&amp;amp;amp;quot; border=&amp;amp;amp;quot;0&amp;amp;amp;quot; /&amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;lt;/a&amp;amp;amp;gt ...
... Learn about the reported side effects, related class ... Reported Side Effects for Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.12% Rinse. Close Tooth Discoloration Incidence: ,56.0%* Severity: MILD ... CHLORHEXIDINE (klor HEX i deen) oral rinse is used to treat gingivitis. ...
Chlorhexidine Solution is an antiseptic and antimicrobial disinfectant that provides fast-acting activity against bacteria, ... Chlorhexidine Solution is an antiseptic and antimicrobial disinfectant that provides fast-acting activity against a wide range ... Chlorhexidine Solution is an antiseptic and antimicrobial disinfectant that is effective against microorganisms found on the ... Non-toxic, non-irritating formula with 2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate. For use on dogs and horses for superficial cuts, abrasions, ...
Special sponges ... wipes that contain a cleaning agent, such as chlorhexidine. A special patch called a Biopatch. A clear ... ... povidone-iodine seems to be less effective than chlorhexidine at preventing infections at the surgical site when ... ... clear), and maybe heparin syringes (yellow) Alcohol or chlorhexidine wipes Sterile gloves Sharps container (special container ... a gargle 3 times daily in addition to chlorhexidine mouthwash and fluconazole for 14 days. Propolis 2% ... ...
  • Significant improvements were observed in all efficacy measures, MGI, MQH and GBI, from baseline to the end of trial at day 14 for both the polyherbal and chlorhexidine mouthwash groups. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • University of Plymouth) The first study looking at the effect of chlorhexidine mouthwash on the entire oral microbiome has found its use significantly increases the abundance of lactate-producing bacteria that lower saliva pH, and may increase the risk of tooth damage. (medworm.com)
  • gel (Lidex), anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste (Aphthasol), or chlorhexidine gluconate (Peridex) mouthwash. (nih.gov)
  • combination mouthwash seems to work as effectively as chlorhexidine mouthwash. (nih.gov)
  • a gargle 3 times daily in addition to chlorhexidine mouthwash and fluconazole for 14 days. (nih.gov)
  • If you have been prescribed chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash, chances are your dentist has told you that you have a mild form of gum disease called gingivitis. (colgate.com)
  • However, according to the Mayo Clinic , you shouldn't look to chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash to fully treat periodontitis , a more advanced form of gum disease. (colgate.com)
  • When you rinse with chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash, the active ingredient chlorhexidine works to destroy harmful mouth bacteria, even after you spit. (colgate.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash has a few possible side effects, like a change in taste, an increase in tartar build-up, and staining of the teeth, gums, and dental appliances. (colgate.com)
  • Only use chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash if your physician or dentist prescribes it. (colgate.com)
  • Though chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash is effective at killing mouth bacteria in mild cases of gum disease, it's not a substitute for regular brushing and flossing for total oral health. (colgate.com)
  • Numerous studies have shown that a mouthwash containing chlorhexidine has a powerful antimicrobial effect on saliva microflora and bacterial plaque. (medindia.net)
  • In 2006, the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC) recommended a single mouthwash with 0.2 percent chlorhexidine (CHX) (10 ml for 1 minute) before the carrying out of dental procedures associated with bacteraemia in patients at risk. (medindia.net)
  • Yet, given its low cost and the absence of adverse reactions and complications, we would recommend a mouthwash with chlorhexidine before a procedure of this type is carried out," concluded the UPV/EHU's research group. (medindia.net)
  • After using chlorhexidine, wait at least 30 minutes before rinsing your mouth with water or mouthwash, brushing your teeth , eating, or drinking. (webmd.com)
  • What conditions does Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash treat? (webmd.com)
  • List Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash side effects by likelihood and severity. (webmd.com)
  • What should I know regarding pregnancy, nursing and administering Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwash to children or the elderly? (webmd.com)
  • Burkholderia lata infections from intrinsically contaminated chlorhexidine Mouthwash, Australia, 2016. (springer.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is a germicidal mouthwash that reduces bacteria in the mouth. (wellspan.org)
  • With Curasept ADS (antidiscolouration system), we finally have a chlorhexidine based mouthwash without any of the side effects. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • June 3, 2020 -- In a new study, high amounts of SARS-CoV-2 were detected in the saliva of patients for days after infection, but rinsing with chlorhexidine mouthwash reduced the viral load in saliva for a short time. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The viral load in the saliva decreased transiently for two hours after using the chlorhexidine mouthwash," wrote the authors, led by Jin Gu Yoon, MD, PhD, of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Korea University College of Medicine in Seoul. (drbicuspid.com)
  • Other clinicians have supported using two back-to-back 30-second rinses of chlorhexidine mouthwash to reduce the salivary load of the novel coronavirus. (drbicuspid.com)
  • This study shows that chlorhexidine mouthwash may be a good option, according to the authors. (drbicuspid.com)
  • On days 3 and 6 of their hospital stay, the patients gargled with 15 mL of 12% chlorhexidine gluconate solution mouthwash for 30 seconds after baseline sampling. (drbicuspid.com)
  • Chlorhexidine mouthwash could be beneficial in controlling droplet transmission in addition to mask wearing and hand washing," they concluded. (drbicuspid.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is also available as a prescription mouthwash to treat gingivitis and as a prescription oral chip to treat periodontal disease. (fda.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine Mouthwash Mint containing Chlorhexidine Gluconate is used to treat gingivitis (swelling, redness, and bleeding of the gums). (hotukdeals.com)
  • my son had a deep cleaning yesterday and was given chlorhexidine mouthwash by the dental hygienist. (identalhub.com)
  • If you son is allergic to chlorine then it is better if avoids chlorhexidine mouthwash. (identalhub.com)
  • Extrinsic tooth staining occurs when chlorhexidine rinse has been used for 4 weeks or longer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this study was to establish whether addition of a 2% chlorhexidine as final rinse to a conventional treatment protocol decreases the postoperative discomfort after single-visit endodontic treatment. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse provides antimicrobial activity during oral rinsing. (nih.gov)
  • Use of chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse in a six-month clinical study did not result in any significant changes in bacterial resistance, overgrowth of potentially opportunistic organisms or other adverse changes in the oral microbial ecosystem. (nih.gov)
  • Three months after chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse use was discontinued, the number of bacteria in plaque had returned to baseline levels and resistance of plaque bacteria to chlorhexidine gluconate was equal to that at baseline. (nih.gov)
  • Pharmacokinetic studies with chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse indicate approximately 30% of the active ingredient, chlorhexidine gluconate, is retained in the oral cavity following rinsing. (nih.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse is indicated for use between dental visits as part of a professional program for the treatment of gingivitis as characterized by redness and swelling of the gingivae, including gingival bleeding upon probing. (nih.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse has not been tested among patients with acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). (nih.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse should not be used by persons who are known to be hypersensitive to chlorhexidine gluconate or other formula ingredients. (nih.gov)
  • The effect of chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse on periodontitis has not been determined. (nih.gov)
  • An increase in supragingival calculus was noted in clinical testing in chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse users compared with control users. (nih.gov)
  • It is not known if chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse use results in an increase in subgingival calculus. (nih.gov)
  • 1. For patients having coexisting gingivitis and periodontitis, the presence or absence of gingival inflammation following treatment with chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse should not be used as a major indicator of underlying periodontitis. (nih.gov)
  • 2. Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse can cause staining of oral surfaces, such as tooth surfaces, restorations, and the dorsum of the tongue. (nih.gov)
  • 15% of chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse users developed what was judged to be heavy stain, compared to 1% of control users after six months. (nih.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine oral rinse should be used after you have brushed and flossed your teeth. (mayoclinic.org)
  • CHLORHEXIDINE (klor HEX i deen) oral rinse is used to treat gingivitis. (cvs.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse contains a chemical called chlorhexidine, which destroys harmful mouth bacteria, treats gingivitis, and promotes the healing of inflamed gums. (colgate.com)
  • If you are ready to take steps towards gum health, chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse could be helpful in improving your oral care routine. (colgate.com)
  • To decrease the effect on how food tastes, eat first, followed by tooth brushing and then chlorhexidine rinse. (webmd.com)
  • Rinse the skin before applying chlorhexidine topical. (wellspan.org)
  • The clean mint flavor of our chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse tastes less medicinal than other brands, encouraging patient compliance. (philips.cz)
  • Prescription-strength chlorhexidine gluconate rinse (16 oz. bottle). (philips.cz)
  • Rinse skin area to be treated with Chlorhexidine Solution. (lambertvetsupply.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse is used to treat gingivitis (swelling, redness, bleeding gums). (wellspan.org)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse is not for treating all types of gingivitis. (wellspan.org)
  • Rinse your mouth with chlorhexidine gluconate twice daily after brushing your teeth. (wellspan.org)
  • Do not rinse your mouth with water or other mouthwashes right after using chlorhexidine gluconate. (wellspan.org)
  • Chlorhexidine Gluconate Oral Rinse: What Is It? (colgate.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse is an antimicrobial rinse often used to treat the beginning stages of gum disease . (colgate.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate 0.12 percent is the generic name for an oral rinse that has the ability to reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth. (colgate.com)
  • If your gums do not respond as well as your dentist would like or if you have a medical condition like diabetes that interferes with healing, he or she may give you a prescription for chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse to use as a part of your home-care regiment. (colgate.com)
  • Rinsing as directed with a chlorhexidine gluconate rinse reduces the amount of harmful bacteria and plaque in your mouth - giving your gum tissue a chance to heal and return to its normal, healthy state. (colgate.com)
  • As with any medication, you should carefully follow your dentist's instructions on how and when to use a chlorhexidine gluconate rinse. (colgate.com)
  • But if you happen to have a stubborn case of gingivitis, a chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse may be just what your dentist orders to get your gums back to pink again. (colgate.com)
  • ProDenRx 0.12% chlorhexidine rinse is effective is fighting against gingivitis. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is also available as a prescription oral rinse solution to treat gingivitis. (fda.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine (commonly known by the salt forms chlorhexidine gluconate and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) or chlorhexidine acetate), is a disinfectant and antiseptic that is used for skin disinfection before surgery and to sterilize surgical instruments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorhexidine Digluconate is a salt of Chlorhexidine (q.v.) and gluconic acid. (ewg.org)
  • A test according to OECD 201 was conducted using Chlorhexidine digluconate as test substance. (europa.eu)
  • Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic and disinfectant agent that kills various bacteria, viruses and fungi that can cause throat infections. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Chlorhexidine destroys the bacteria, thereby preventing the gingivitis from occurring. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Chlorhexidine Solution is an antiseptic and antimicrobial disinfectant that provides fast-acting activity against a wide range of microorganisms, especially against those commonly found on the skin, such as bacteria, fungi, ringworm and yeast. (revivalanimal.com)
  • I now use the Maximum Chlorhexidine Shampoo every other week to ensure any bacteria is removed, using both products, your best friend, will feel much better and be happy! (jefferspet.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate, a topical antiseptic solution, is effective against a wide spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including MRSA. (aacn.org)
  • Davis 2% Chlorhexidine Shampoo is formulated to help combat skin conditions associated with bacteria and a wide range of microorganisms. (jefferspet.com)
  • Formulated with 2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate, Davis' Chlorhexidine Shampoo targets skin conditions caused by microorganisms and bacteria. (jefferspet.com)
  • Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic that fights bacteria. (wellspan.org)
  • This Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution provides a wide range of antiseptic and antimicrobial protection against skin bacteria, fungi, ringworm and yeast. (qcsupply.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is mainly available in OTC products to clean and prepare the skin before surgery and before injections in order to help reduce bacteria that potentially can cause skin infections. (fda.gov)
  • CHLORHEXIDINE DISINFECTANT is an EPA-registered disinfectant that works against at least 60 different bacteria, fungi, yeasts, and viruses. (jedds.com)
  • 2 % Chlorhexidine Gluconate in 70 % Alcohol Solution 4 % Chlorhexidine Gluconate in 70 % Alcohol Solution 10 % Povidone Iodine in Alcohol Solution 10 % Povidone Iodine Solution Plastic Bottles available in sizes between 50ml to 500ml. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • University of Leeds) New analysis by the University of Leeds and the University of Bern of more than 14,000 operations has found that using alcoholic chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) halves the risk of infection in certain types of surgery when compared to the more commonly used povidone-iodine (PVI). (medworm.com)
  • The chemical antiseptic chlorhexidine does a better job than povidone-iodine in reducing the risk of surgical site infections, even in carriers of Staphylococcus aureus , according to two new randomized studies. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Researchers in the U.S. found that chlorhexidine and alcohol, used for preoperative skin cleansing, reduced infections by 41% compared with povidone-iodine. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The U.S. researchers randomly assigned 849 surgical patients, scheduled for clean-contaminated surgery in six hospitals, to have either a chlorhexidine/alcohol scrub or a scrub and paint with povidone-iodine, according to Rabih Darouiche, MD, of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Overall, the researchers found, the rate of infection was 9.5% in the chlorhexidine group, compared with 16.1% in the povidone-iodine group. (medpagetoday.com)
  • But there was no difference when it came to organ-space infections, where the rate was 4.4% in the chlorhexidine group and 4.5% in the povidone/iodine group. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Chlorhexidine-Alcohol Compared With Povidone-Iodine for Surg. (lww.com)
  • The use of chlorhexidine reduces residual skin organisms as well as inhibits their rebound growth and has been demonstrated to reduce catheter-associated bloodstream infections in comparison to other skin disinfectant products such as povidone-iodine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Consider using alternative antiseptics such as povidone-iodine, alcohols, benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, or parachlorometaxylenol (PCMX) when any previous allergy to chlorhexidine gluconate is documented or suspected. (fda.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate used for central venous catheter (CVC) site cleansing can reduce the risk of bloodstream infections by 49% compared with povidone-iodine, according to the results of a meta-analysis reported in the June 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine [Ann Intern Med. (oley.org)
  • In patients whose catheter sites were disinfected with chlorhexidine gluconate, about 1% developed bloodstream infections, as opposed to 2% for those whose catheters were disinfected with povidone-iodine. (oley.org)
  • From this data the authors conclude that chlorhexidine gluconate solution is significantly more effective than povidone-iodine solution for preventing vascular catheter-related infections. (oley.org)
  • They estimate that for every 1000 catheter sites disinfected with chlorhexidine gluconate rather than povidone-iodine, 71 episodes of catheter colonization and 11 episodes of catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) would be prevented. (oley.org)
  • First, blood, serum, and other protein-rich biomaterials can deactivate the microbicidal effect of povidone-iodine but not chlorhexidine gluconate. (oley.org)
  • Second, chlorhexidine gluconate has a much longer active antimicrobial suppression than povidone-iodine. (oley.org)
  • Third, chlorhexidine gluconate has been proven better than povidone-iodine at reducing colony counts of coagulase-negative staphylococci. (oley.org)
  • the author's report chlorhexidine gluconate costs approximately $0.92 for a quantity sufficient to prepare an insertion site for a CVC, versus $0.41 for a similar quantity of povidone-iodine. (oley.org)
  • Randomized clinical trial of preoperative skin antisepsis with chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine. (cambridge.org)
  • Whether vaginal preparation with chlorhexidine with 4% alcohol would have the same beneficial effect has not been studied in a systematic manner. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The PREPS pilot trial was developed to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of vaginal cleansing with chlorhexidine before cesarean section, to reduce infectious morbidity. (medworm.com)
  • Using chlorhexidine as a supplement to everyday mechanical oral hygiene procedures for 4 to 6 weeks and 6 months leads to a moderate reduction in gingivitis compared to placebo, control or mechanical oral hygiene alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorhexidine is used to treat gingivitis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Chlorhexidine(Peridex and PerioGard) generic Surgiscrub is a chemical antiseptic, prescribed for gingivitis, cleansing skin and wound areas. (medindia.net)
  • Hence, to enhance the antiplaque effect of chlorhexidine, "it seems best that the interval between toothbrushing and rinsing with CHX [chlorhexidine] be more than 30 minutes, cautiously close to 2 hours after brushing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have shown that alcohol provides no extra benefit to the antiplaque effect of chlorhexidine. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • All these advantages without reducing the antiplaque effect of chlorhexidine. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Pioneering, award-winning work at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, UK has demonstrated the remarkable residual antimicrobial activity of chlorhexidine on surfaces, thereby maintaining their continuous cleanliness over time. (neha.org)
  • It contains Chlorhexidine Gluconate for antimicrobial activity and Hydrocortisone for antipruitic, anti-inflammatory benefit. (medi-vet.com)
  • A combination of standard infection prevention measures and the use of disinfectant chlorhexidine should be used to combat the potential spread of Candida auris in hospital environments, according to a study published online January 11 in Emerging Infectious Diseases . (medscape.com)
  • Oronine H ® ointment, which contains chlorhexidine gluconate as its active component, is a well known disinfectant, and has been widely used for treatment of acne in Japan. (dovepress.com)
  • NOTE: Chlorhexidine Disinfectant is a generic form of the Nolvasan liquid. (jedds.com)
  • Chlorhexidine may come mixed in alcohol, water, or surfactant solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine which stain teeth less than the classic solution have been developed, many of which contain chelated zinc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interventions that aim to reduce neonatal mortality through umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptic chlorhexidine solution may not be effective in African settings. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cleaning solution (such as chlorhexidine ) in a single-use small applicator. (nih.gov)
  • Delivery attendants will administer 0.6% chlorhexidine solution every four hours until delivery (4 washes maximum) and one neonatal wash with the same solution. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of Chlorhexidine Solution per gallon of clean water. (lambertvetsupply.com)
  • Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Chlorhexidine 0.015% and Cetrimide 0.15% Irrigation Solution. (nps.org.au)
  • This leaflet answers some common questions about Chlorhexidine and Cetrimide Irrigation Solution. (nps.org.au)
  • Your doctor has weighed the risks of you using Chlorhexidine and Cetrimide Irrigation Solution against the benefits this product is expected to have for you. (nps.org.au)
  • Your doctor or nurse will use Chlorhexidine and Cetrimide Irrigation Solution for cleansing and irrigating the skin or dirty wounds. (nps.org.au)
  • The study found that Iodophor-based skin preparation solutions, such as 3M DuraPrep Surgical Solution (Iodine Povacrylex [0.7% available Iodine] and Isopropyl Alcohol, 74% w/w) Patient Preoperative Skin Prep, may be superior to chlorhexidine in preventing surgical-site infections. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Each mL of reddish solution contains: chlorhexidine gluconate 2% w/v in a foaming vehicle. (rxmed.com)
  • Baxter Exidine 4% Scrub Solution (Chlorhexidine Gluconate Gallon : Approved for various uses such as patient preoperative prep, presurgical hand scrub, skin-wound cleanser and personnel hand wash. (egeneralmedical.com)
  • Reducing the Rate of Surgical Site Infections After Breast Surgery With the Use of Larger Volumes of 4% Chlorhexidine Gluconate Solution as Preoperative Antiseptic Showering. (cambridge.org)
  • Durvet Chlorhexidine 2% Solution is a topical aqueous cleaning solution for use on horses and dogs for application to superficial cuts, abrasions or insect stings. (horsehealthusa.com)
  • Dilution rate: 1 oz Chlorhexidine Solution per gallon of clean water. (horsehealthusa.com)
  • Sogeval DOUXO Chlorhexidine PS Shampoo is a foaming solution with 3% chlorhexidine and phytosphingosine. (medi-vet.com)
  • A 2019 Cochrane review concluded that based on very low certainty evidence in those who are critically ill "it is not clear whether bathing with chlorhexidine reduces hospital‐acquired infections, mortality, or length of stay in the ICU, or whether the use of chlorhexidine results in more skin reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific Chlorhexidine -impregnated dressings from Somerville, New Jersey-based surgical technologies and solutions company Ethicon, part of the Johnson and Johnson Medical Devices Companies, have received the strongest evidence-based recommendation in the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) updated guideline on use of chlorhexidine impregnated dressings for prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections, the company said. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 1 million doses of Chlorhexidine from World Health Organization (WHO) to use for treatment of infections of umbilical cord and reduce neonatal mortality, official sources said. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The time from admission to the onset of S. aureus infections was significantly shorter in the placebo group than in the mupirocin/chlorhexidine group, at P =0.005. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Chlorhexidine may not prevent infections in oral procedures but is recommendable due to its low cost and absence of adverse reactions and complications, a research team at the University of The Basque Country finds. (medindia.net)
  • The drug chlorhexidine may not be an effective protection from infections that can occur from oral procedures. (medindia.net)
  • Chlorhexidine is a low-cost, highly-effective antiseptic that is used for umbilical cord care to protect newborns from life-threatening infections. (psi.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of daily chlorhexidine bathing would decrease the incidence of MRSA and VRE colonization and healthcare associated Bloodstream Infections (BSI) among Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • New CDC guidelines on the prevention of catheter related bloodstream infections recommend that the preferential use of chlorhexidine containing skin disinfectants be used for site preparation prior to insertion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Specifically, the shampoo is effective against skin conditions that are responsive to chlorhexidine and hydrocortisone, which act as antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agents to combat infections, hot spots, and more. (entirelypets.com)
  • Chlorhexidine Bathing Effects on Health-Care-Associated Infections. (cambridge.org)
  • I purchased the Maximum Chlorhexidine Shampoo and used this in conjunction with this product and it totally cleared up every spot he had. (jefferspet.com)
  • Sogeval Chlorhexidine 4% HC Shampoo is a medicated shampoo that treats select dermatological conditions in cats, dogs, and horses. (entirelypets.com)
  • Sogeval Chlorhexidine 4% HC Shampoo also works to clean your animal's skin and coat thoroughly while removing foul odors and debris. (entirelypets.com)
  • Apply and lather Chlorhexidine 4% HC Shampoo over the entire body, allowing for 5 to 10 minutes of contact time. (entirelypets.com)
  • Our latest M.E.D. shampoo features 3% Chlorhexidine Gluconate as its powerful antimicrobial agent. (bestshotpet.com)
  • Sogeval Chlorhexidine 4% HC Shampoo is a full-strength medicated shampoo combining penetrating agents and emollients for optimal therapeutic effectiveness. (medi-vet.com)
  • ADS 205 contains not only 0.05% Chlorhexidine but also 0.05% Sodium Fluoride. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • The lowest price for Chlorhexidine g 0.5 % is $0.05 per ml for 500 mls at PharmacyChecker-accredited online pharmacies. (pharmacychecker.com)
  • Chlorhexidine Acetate may be available in the countries listed below. (drugs.com)
  • Chlorhexidine Acetate (BANM) is known as Chlorhexidine in the US. (drugs.com)
  • It was clear that chlorhexidine, a substance applied to newborns' umbilical cord stumps to prevent infection, could reduce infant mortality significantly. (northwestern.edu)
  • Nepal was the first country in the world to use chlorhexidine to treat the umbilical cord of newborn babies, and received a USAID Pioneers Prize for reducing the neonatal death rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorhexidine is very effective for poor countries like Nepal and its use is growing in the world for treating the umbilical cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • What should I avoid while using chlorhexidine topical? (wellspan.org)
  • In the study that included 8 clinical trials with 523 patients there were 267 in the group treated with chlorhexidine, in which 145 cases of bacteraemia were recorded, and 256 in the control group, in which there were 156 cases of bacteraemia. (medindia.net)
  • After starting application of chlorhexidine gluconate ointment or liquid paraffin on the comedone area, the hair pore size was gradually decreased in the group treated with chlorhexidine gluconate ointment compared with the hair pore size at baseline. (dovepress.com)
  • DOUXO Chlorhexidine PS washes away debris and exudates to improve the contact area between active ingredients and the lesion. (medi-vet.com)
  • However, there are easier-to-pronounce brands available that offer germ protection against plaque and germs and yet does not contain Chlorhexidine gluconate. (colgate.com)
  • In 1998, we issued a Public Health Notice to warn health care professionals about the risk of serious allergic reactions with medical devices such as dressings and intravenous lines that contain chlorhexidine gluconate. (fda.gov)
  • Patients and consumers should stop using the product that contains chlorhexidine gluconate and seek medical attention immediately or call 911 if they experience symptoms of a serious allergic reaction. (fda.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is also available as a prescription oral chip under the brand name Periochip, which is inserted between the gums and teeth to treat periodontal disease. (fda.gov)
  • The gluconate salt form of chlorhexidine, a biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. (cancer.gov)
  • The gel form of chlorhexidine has a long shelf life, requires no refrigeration, and is extremely easy to apply with minimal training. (psi.org)
  • Anaphylaxis, as well serious allergic reactions, have been reported during postmarketing use with dental products containing chlorhexidine. (nih.gov)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning that rare but serious allergic reactions have been reported with the widely used skin antiseptic products containing chlorhexidine gluconate. (fda.gov)
  • As a result, we are requesting the manufacturers of over-the-counter (OTC) antiseptic products containing chlorhexidine gluconate to add a warning about this risk to the Drug Facts labels . (fda.gov)
  • An overdose of chlorhexidine topical is not expected to be dangerous. (wellspan.org)
  • An overdose of chlorhexidine would occur only if the medicine were swallowed. (wellspan.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether the application of chlorhexidine with or without a sealant, to the etched enamel will affect the shear bond strength and the bracket/adhesive failure modes of orthodontic brackets. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • At 5 days the response was related to the concentration of chlorhexidine, with 0.2% giving the best results. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusion: Our results showed that the association between the concentration of chlorhexidine and the bond strength is, apparently, not linear. (quintpub.com)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate is used as a skin cleanser for surgical scrubs, as a cleanser for skin wounds, for preoperative skin preparation, and for germicidal hand rinses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adding a preoperative chlorhexidine cloth preparation protocol for total knee arthroplasty can save up to $3.18 billion annually, according to a study in The Journal of Arthroplasty . (beckersasc.com)
  • Using soaps medicated with 4 percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is more effective in preventing the spread of community-acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-medicated soaps, says a new study. (momsteam.com)
  • The treatment of these ailments is usually based on the local application of various mucosal antiseptics in the form of rinses (e.g., chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium, and triclosan) [ 3 , 4 ] or systemic therapy (antibiotics and antimycotics) after the clinical status deteriorates [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • If the study is eventually translated into national guidelines," she said, "the impact would be huge," although she added that chlorhexidine/alcohol is not suitable for all types of surgery. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Pitfalls in evidence assessment: the case of chlorhexidine and alcohol in skin antisepsis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Multiple clinical trial reports and systematic reviews that had assessed the clinical efficacy of chlorhexidine/alcohol combinations for skin antisepsis had attributed efficacy solely to the chlorhexidine component. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The clinical significance of chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse's antimicrobial activities is not clear. (nih.gov)
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate will not treat a viral or fungal infection such as cold sores, canker sores, or oral thrush (yeast infection). (wellspan.org)
  • The objective of the CHORAL study is to evaluate the de-adoption of oral chlorhexidine and the introduction of a bundle of oral care practices on selected outcomes in critically ill mechan. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Can probiotics be an alternative to chlorhexidine for oral care in the mechanically ventilated patient? (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prescription chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwashes and oral chips used for gum disease already contain a warning about the possibility of serious allergic reactions in their labels. (fda.gov)
  • This study describes the unique approach of preparing mucoadhesive oral films from carmellose with incorporating a nanotechnologically modified clay mineral intercalated with chlorhexidine. (hindawi.com)
  • Chlorhexidine has attracted increasing attention for its role in skin antisepsis in recent years. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We noticed and subsequently reported a widespread misinterpretation of evidence surrounding chlorhexidine and its role in skin antisepsis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Chlorhexidine (CAS 55-56-1) Market Research Report 2018 aims at providing comprehensive data on chlorhexidine market globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America, Latin America etc. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Chlorhexidine (CAS 55-56-1) Market Research Report 2018 contents were prepared and placed on the website in January, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that Chlorhexidine (CAS 55-56-1) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Exposure of human cells in culture to chlorhexidine at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.004% resulted in impaired cellular function and/or cell death. (nih.gov)
  • A masked randomized clinical trial of three concentrations of chlorhexidine compared with natamycin 5% was carried out in consecutive patients with established corneal ulcers shown by microscopy to contain fungal hyphae and later proven to be culture positive. (nih.gov)
  • People who are allergic to any ingredients of the spray, in particular chlorhexidine. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Chlorhexidine can cause a rare but serious allergic reaction that may be life-threatening. (wellspan.org)
  • You should not use chlorhexidine topical if you are allergic to it. (wellspan.org)
  • Health care professionals should always ask patients if they have ever had an allergic reaction to any antiseptic before recommending or prescribing a chlorhexidine gluconate product. (fda.gov)
  • We identified 52 cases of anaphylaxis, a severe form of allergic reaction, with the use of chlorhexidine gluconate products applied to the skin. (fda.gov)
  • The superiority of 0.2% chlorhexidine over natamycin was statistically significant (relative efficacy 2.20, p = 0.043) in patients not having had prior antifungal treatment. (nih.gov)
  • The aim was to assess the effectiveness of chlorhexidine in preventing bacteraemia following a tooth extraction. (medindia.net)
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of the silver-zinc bioelectric dressing as compared with skin preparation with 2% chlorhexidine or 4% chlorhexidine in reduci. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Several studies have investigated the likelihood that an anti-bacterial agent, chlorhexidine, administered during labor and delivery to mother and infant could reduce the risk of infection and of subsequent maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In the mupirocin/chlorhexidine group, 17 of 504 patients (or 3.4%) got an S. aureus infection, compared with 32 of 413 patients (or 7.7%) in the placebo group. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Our Infection Control Practitioner has approached us regarding changing the brand of chlorhexidine patch we use on all central lines. (allnurses.com)
  • I'm sure you've seen all the info I cited above but I guess, if they want to take a leap of faith and see how well the lower chlorhexidine GuardIVa patches compare to infection rates prior to their use, it might be worth it in the financial gain if rates stay the same (or, maybe even improve? (allnurses.com)
  • 3M™ Tegaderm™ CHG Chlorhexidine Gluconate I.V. Securement Dressing has been the subject of several clinical studies by leading researchers in infection prevention and infusion therapy. (3m.com)
  • Chlorhexidine topical (for the skin) is used to clean the skin to prevent infection that may be caused by surgery, injection, or skin injury. (wellspan.org)
  • Based on data derived from central venous catheter insertions, we had thought that the infection rates would be lowest in the period where chlorhexidine was the preferred agent for skin preparation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Cite this: Chlorhexidine Effective Against Candida auris Biofilms - Medscape - Jan 12, 2017. (medscape.com)
  • It is January 2017, and Nikki Tyler, market access advisor at the U.S. Agency for International Development's Center for Accelerating Innovation and Impact, must recommend an actionable strategy for how to use the $10 million contributed by global donors and foundations to scale up the use of chlorhexidine in Nigeria. (northwestern.edu)
  • (EN) The present invention relates to a novel composition comprising chlorhexidine, iodine and at least one physiologically acceptable carrier, for use in the treatment and/or prevention of periodontal and/or implant-related diseases. (wipo.int)
  • Chlorhexidine topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. (wellspan.org)
  • Generally, the best results were obtained with sample containing 20 mg of chlorhexidine diacetate carried by vermiculite, with carmellose in the form of nonwoven textile in its structure. (hindawi.com)
  • We use these chlorhexidine products to scrub before C-Sections etc. (identalhub.com)
  • Chlorhexidine is used in disinfectants (disinfection of the skin and hands), cosmetics (additive to creams, toothpaste, deodorants, and antiperspirants), and pharmaceutical products (preservative in eye drops, active substance in wound dressings and antiseptic mouthwashes). (wikipedia.org)
  • What Do Chlorhexidine Gluconate Mouthwashes Treat? (colgate.com)
  • Chlorhexidine based mouthwashes are considered the gold standard for plaque control and inhibition. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • In vitro studies and a small pilot study have shown that chlorhexidine gluconate is effective. (nih.gov)
  • Bioelectric Silver-Zinc Dressing Equally Effective to Chlorhexidine in Reducing Skin Bacterial Load in Healthy Volunteers. (bioportfolio.com)
  • These results suggest that chlorhexidine gluconate ointment is effective for inhibiting comedone formation as well as for treating already formed comedones. (dovepress.com)
  • Covonia throat spray contains two active ingredients, lidocaine and chlorhexidine. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • It was concluded during the review that various therapeutic agents such as Fluconazole, Chlorhexidine gluconate and Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate have been successfully incorporated in denture base resins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chlorhexidine is a cation which interacts with anionic components of toothpaste, such as sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium monofluorophosphate, and forms salts of low solubility and antibacterial activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorhexidine, like other cation-active compounds, remains on the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients were randomly assigned to nasal decolonization with mupirocin ointment and skin decolonization with chlorhexidine or to a placebo procedure. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Chlorhexidine topical is for use only on the skin. (wellspan.org)