A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).
Nonmotile unicellular green algae potentially valuable as a source of high-grade protein and B-complex vitamins.
A plant genus of the family PIPERACEAE that is indigenous in the Indian Malay region and cultivated in Madagascar, and the West Indies. It contains chavibetol, chavicol and cadinene. The leaf is chewed as a stimulant, antiseptic and sialogogue. The common name of betel is also used for ARECA.
An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM and is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. It was formerly classified as EC 1.6.6.1.
Devices for generating biological products that use light as the energy source. They are used for controlled BIOMASS production such as growing cyanobacteria, mosses, or algae.
Oxidoreductases that are specific for the reduction of NITRATES.
A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.
Natural analogs of TOCOPHEROLS exhibiting antioxidant activity. These tocol derivatives and isomers contain a benzopyran ring and an unsaturated isoprenoid side chain.
A family of DNA plant viruses that infect eukaryotic algae.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.
Proteins found in any species of algae.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from soil, animal intestines and feces, and fresh and salt water.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A family of microscopic freshwater EUKARYOTA, commonly known as golden algae. They share many features with the BROWN ALGAE but are planktonic rather than benthic. Though most are photosynthetic, they are not considered truly autotrophic since they can become facultatively heterotrophic in the absence of adequate light. In this state they can feed on BACTERIA or DIATOMS.
Institutions specializing in the care of cancer patients.
Systems that provide for the maintenance of life in an isolated living chamber through reutilization of the material available, in particular, by means of a cycle wherein exhaled carbon dioxide, urine, and other waste matter are converted chemically or by photosynthesis into oxygen, water, and food. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
Physiological processes and properties of microorganisms, including ARCHAEA; BACTERIA; RICKETTSIA; VIRUSES; FUNGI; and others.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Zeolites. A group of crystalline, hydrated alkali-aluminum silicates. They occur naturally in sedimentary and volcanic rocks, altered basalts, ores, and clay deposits. Some 40 known zeolite minerals and a great number of synthetic zeolites are available commercially. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A genus of filamentous CYANOBACTERIA found in most lakes and ponds. It has been used as a nutritional supplement particularly due to its high protein content.
A subclass of purinergic P2 receptors that signal by means of a ligand-gated ion channel. They are comprised of three P2X subunits which can be identical (homotrimeric form) or dissimilar (heterotrimeric form).
A phylum of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria comprised of unicellular to multicellular bacteria possessing CHLOROPHYLL a and carrying out oxygenic PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Cyanobacteria are the only known organisms capable of fixing both CARBON DIOXIDE (in the presence of light) and NITROGEN. Cell morphology can include nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and/or resting cells called akinetes. Formerly called blue-green algae, cyanobacteria were traditionally treated as ALGAE.
A species of GREEN ALGAE. Delicate, hairlike appendages arise from the flagellar surface in these organisms.
A genus GREEN ALGAE in the order VOLVOCIDA. It consists of solitary biflagellated organisms common in fresh water and damp soil.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
The common name for the phylum of microscopic unicellular STRAMENOPILES. Most are aquatic, being found in fresh, brackish, and salt water. Diatoms are noted for the symmetry and sculpturing of their siliceous cell walls. They account for 40% of PHYTOPLANKTON, but not all diatoms are planktonic.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.
The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.

Adaptive evolution of chloroplast genome structure inferred using a parametric bootstrap approach. (1/34)

BACKGROUND: Genome rearrangements influence gene order and configuration of gene clusters in all genomes. Most land plant chloroplast DNAs (cpDNAs) share a highly conserved gene content and with notable exceptions, a largely co-linear gene order. Conserved gene orders may reflect a slow intrinsic rate of neutral chromosomal rearrangements, or selective constraint. It is unknown to what extent observed changes in gene order are random or adaptive. We investigate the influence of natural selection on gene order in association with increased rate of chromosomal rearrangement. We use a novel parametric bootstrap approach to test if directional selection is responsible for the clustering of functionally related genes observed in the highly rearranged chloroplast genome of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, relative to ancestral chloroplast genomes. RESULTS: Ancestral gene orders were inferred and then subjected to simulated rearrangement events under the random breakage model with varying ratios of inversions and transpositions. We found that adjacent chloroplast genes in C. reinhardtii were located on the same strand much more frequently than in simulated genomes that were generated under a random rearrangement processes (increased sidedness; p < 0.0001). In addition, functionally related genes were found to be more clustered than those evolved under random rearrangements (p < 0.0001). We report evidence of co-transcription of neighboring genes, which may be responsible for the observed gene clusters in C. reinhardtii cpDNA. CONCLUSION: Simulations and experimental evidence suggest that both selective maintenance and directional selection for gene clusters are determinants of chloroplast gene order.  (+info)

Cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions to freshwater cyanobacteria--human volunteer studies. (2/34)

BACKGROUND: Pruritic skin rashes associated with exposure to freshwater cyanobacteria are infrequently reported in the medical and scientific literature, mostly as anecdotal and case reports. Diagnostic dermatological investigations in humans are also infrequently described. We sought to conduct a pilot volunteer study to explore the potential for cyanobacteria to elicit hypersensitivity reactions. METHODS: A consecutive series of adult patients presenting for diagnostic skin patch testing at a hospital outpatient clinic were invited to participate. A convenience sample of volunteers matched for age and sex was also enrolled. Patches containing aqueous suspensions of various cyanobacteria at three concentrations were applied for 48 hours; dermatological assessment was made 48 hours and 96 hours after application. RESULTS: 20 outpatients and 19 reference subjects were recruited into the study. A single outpatient produced unequivocal reactions to several cyanobacteria suspensions; this subject was also the only one of the outpatient group with a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis. No subjects in the reference group developed clinically detectable skin reactions to cyanobacteria. CONCLUSION: This preliminary clinical study demonstrates that hypersensitivity reactions to cyanobacteria appear to be infrequent in both the general and dermatological outpatient populations. As cyanobacteria are widely distributed in aquatic environments, a better appreciation of risk factors, particularly with respect to allergic predisposition, may help to refine health advice given to people engaging in recreational activities where nuisance cyanobacteria are a problem.  (+info)

Prey evolution on the time scale of predator-prey dynamics revealed by allele-specific quantitative PCR. (3/34)

Using rotifer-algal microcosms, we tracked rapid evolution resulting from temporally changing natural selection in ecological predator-prey dynamics. We previously demonstrated that predator-prey oscillations in rotifer-algal laboratory microcosms are qualitatively altered by the presence of genetic variation within the prey. In that study, changes in algal gene frequencies were inferred from their effects on population dynamics but not observed directly. Here, we document rapid prey evolution in this system by directly observing changes in Chlorella vulgaris genotype frequencies as the abundances of these algae and their consumer, Brachionus calyciflorus, change through time. We isolated a group of algal clones that we could distinguish by using microsatellite-DNA markers, and developed an allele-specific quantitative PCR technique (AsQ-PCR) to quantify the frequencies of pairs of clones in mixed culture. We showed that two of these genotypes exhibited a fitness tradeoff in which one was more resistant to predation (more digestion-resistant), and the other had faster population growth under limiting nitrogen concentrations. A fully specified mathematical model for the rotifer-algal population and evolutionary dynamics predicted that these two clones would undergo a single oscillation in clonal frequencies followed by asymptotic fixation of the more resistant clone, rather than the recurrent oscillations previously observed with other algal clones. We used AsQ-PCR to confirm this prediction: the superior competitor dominated initially, but as rotifer densities increased, the more predator-resistant clone predominated.  (+info)

The chloroplast genome sequence of the green alga Leptosira terrestris: multiple losses of the inverted repeat and extensive genome rearrangements within the Trebouxiophyceae. (4/34)

BACKGROUND: In the Chlorophyta--the green algal phylum comprising the classes Prasinophyceae, Ulvophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae and Chlorophyceae--the chloroplast genome displays a highly variable architecture. While chlorophycean chloroplast DNAs (cpDNAs) deviate considerably from the ancestral pattern described for the prasinophyte Nephroselmis olivacea, the degree of remodelling sustained by the two ulvophyte cpDNAs completely sequenced to date is intermediate relative to those observed for chlorophycean and trebouxiophyte cpDNAs. Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorellales) is currently the only photosynthetic trebouxiophyte whose complete cpDNA sequence has been reported. To gain insights into the evolutionary trends of the chloroplast genome in the Trebouxiophyceae, we sequenced cpDNA from the filamentous alga Leptosira terrestris (Ctenocladales). RESULTS: The 195,081-bp Leptosira chloroplast genome resembles the 150,613-bp Chlorella genome in lacking a large inverted repeat (IR) but differs greatly in gene order. Six of the conserved genes present in Chlorella cpDNA are missing from the Leptosira gene repertoire. The 106 conserved genes, four introns and 11 free standing open reading frames (ORFs) account for 48.3% of the genome sequence. This is the lowest gene density yet observed among chlorophyte cpDNAs. Contrary to the situation in Chlorella but similar to that in the chlorophycean Scenedesmus obliquus, the gene distribution is highly biased over the two DNA strands in Leptosira. Nine genes, compared to only three in Chlorella, have significantly expanded coding regions relative to their homologues in ancestral-type green algal cpDNAs. As observed in chlorophycean genomes, the rpoB gene is fragmented into two ORFs. Short repeats account for 5.1% of the Leptosira genome sequence and are present mainly in intergenic regions. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the great plasticity of the chloroplast genome in the Trebouxiophyceae and indicate that the IR was lost on at least two separate occasions. The intriguing similarities of the derived features exhibited by Leptosira cpDNA and its chlorophycean counterparts suggest that the same evolutionary forces shaped the IR-lacking chloroplast genomes in these two algal lineages.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of low-temperature-inducible NTR-C in Chlorella vulgaris. (5/34)

We isolated a cDNA corresponding to a chloroplast NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductase gene (NTR-C), in Chlorella that is low-temperature-inducible. The obtained cDNA was 1,838 bp in length and coded for 529 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence showed higher homology to those of Arabidopsis and rice NTR-C, containing a thioredoxin (Trx) and a thioredoxin reductase (TR), than those of NTR-A (mitochondrial) and NTR-B (cytosolic) from various organisms, which contain only a TR domain and differ in subcellular localization. The results of enzyme assays of partially-purified mature NTR-C protein (mNTR-C), expressed in Escherichia coli with a pET-29b(+) expression vector, provided evidence that the gene included both regions. Northern blot analysis showed a remarkable increase in transcripts under low temperature, while the protein level did not significantly change when examined by using Western blotting with anti-mNTR-C antibodies. The TR activity dependent on NADPH was not enhanced by low temperature despite the substantial increase in transcripts. Based on the results of measurement of peroxiredoxin (Prx) activity and Western blotting using both an extract of Chlorella and purified mNTR-C, the Chlorella was suggested to possess a Prx that interacts with NTR-C.  (+info)

Substituted N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamides, their synthesis and evaluation as herbicides and abiotic elicitors. (6/34)

The condensation of substituted pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid chlorides with ring-substituted anilines yielded five substituted pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid amides. Thesynthesis, and analytical, lipophilicity and biological data of the newly synthesizedcompounds are presented in this paper. The photosynthesis inhibition, antialgal activityand the effect of a series of pyrazine derivatives as abiotic elicitors on the accumulation offlavonoids in a callus culture of Ononis arvensis (L.) were investigated. The most activeinhibitor of the oxygen evolution rate in spinach chloroplasts was 6-chloro-pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (3-iodo-4-methylphenyl)-amide (2, IC(50) = 51.0 micromol.L(-1)). The highestreduction of chlorophyll content in Chlorella vulgaris was found for 5-tert-butyl-N-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-pyrazine-2-carboxamide (3, IC(50) = 44.0 micromol.L(-1)). The maximalflavonoid production (about 900%) was reached after a twelve-hour elicitation processwith 6-chloropyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (3-iodo-4-methylphenyl)-amide (2).  (+info)

Chlorella vulgaris triggers apoptosis in hepatocarcinogenesis-induced rats. (7/34)

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Biomass production potential of a wastewater alga Chlorella vulgaris ARC 1 under elevated levels of CO(2)and temperature. (8/34)

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Role of Chlorella Vulgaris as A Salt Resistant Barrier for Salt Compromised Crops, Jawaher Ahmad, Hoda Ahmed , Reda Moghaieb, Chlorella Vulgaris is a commonly present green alga that is present in freshwater in the form of a single-celled organism with greater photosynthetic efficiency. It is sufficiently rich with macro and micronutrients include carbohydrates and proteins. Previous reports suggested that Chlorella Vulgaris has the potential to survive in a great saline environment. The current research focused on the application of C. Vulgaris at two crop plant includes cherry tomato and chilli pepper. These plants are usually sensitive against salt, while C. vulgaris enhanced the ability of such plants to bear excessive salinity. One-month plant seedlings were treated with 100mM and 1M concentration of NaCl along with C. Vulgaris and observed for two weeks period. The plant growth and gene expression of rbcl and sos1 were collected. Gene expression analyses revealed that plants showed high salt
The growth response of Chlorella vulgaris to low concentration of dimethoate, an organophosphorus pesticide, was studied. Results show that cell density, protein content, chlorophyll pigment and alkaline phosphatase activity were all increased, which indicates that low concentration dimethoate can accelerate growth of Chlorella vulgaris. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd ...
In this study, zeolite was employed for the separation and recovery of P from synthetic wastewater and its use as phosphorus (P) source for the cultivation of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis. At P-loaded zeolite concentration of 0.15-1 g/L, in which P was limited, the two species displayed quite different behavior regarding their growth and biomass composition. C. vulgaris preferred to increase the intracellular P and did not synthesize biomass, while A. platensis synthesized biomass keeping the intracellular P as low as possible. In addition under P limitation, C. vulgaris did display some little alteration of the biomass composition, while A. platensis did it significantly, accumulating carbohydrates around 70% from about 15%-20% (control). Both species could desorb P from zeolite biologically. A. platensis could recover over 65% and C. vulgaris 25% of the P bounded onto zeolite. When P-loaded zeolite concentration increased to 5 g/L,
Chlorella vulgaris and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: Effective Antioxidant, Antibacterial and Anticancer Mediators, A. Jayshree*, S. Jayashree and N. Thangaraju
At cultivation of |i|Chlorella vulgaris|/i| Beijer. culture (strains LARG-3, HPDP-120) in close system at medium saturation by CO|sub|2|/sub| it was stated that...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Chlorella vulgaris production enhancement with supplementation of synthetic medium in dairy manure wastewater. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
In an 18d-long, static test, growth of Chlorella vulgaris was inhibited by 50 % at approx. 2700 mg/L Ammonium sulphate = 3231 mg Ammonium hydrogencarbonate (Tam and Wong 1996). This result is underlined by observations of Przytocka-Jisiak et al. (1977), using ammonium chloride as test substance, where an EC50(5d) of 1921 mg/L (value related to ammonium hydrogencarbonate) was determined for Chlorella vulgaris. According to U.S. EPA (1985), plant species are more tolerant than invertebrates or fishes. It should be noted that ammonia might be assimilated by aquatic plants as a nitrogen source. ...
This product was one of the first things I ever tried from Omorovicza, the first being their Foaming Cleanser that I still love to this day. You might think that this is a lot of money for a mist but understanding the true properties and uniqueness of this product really helps to calm any worry I have. This mist includes fermented Saccharomyces and Chlorella Vulgaris/Lupinus Albus Protein Ferment (a liquid obtained from Lupinus Albus Protein fermented by Chlorella Vulgaris algae), both being wonderful hydrating agents. There are multiple upon multiple studies on using fermented ingredients for improving skin health, one being here that highlights its hydration benefits. Youre not only getting the mineral rich Hugarian thermal water, but also the inclusion of other waters from Rose Damask, Sage Leaf, and Orange Blossom. It also includes Apple Pectin, which has been studied to have anti-aging affects (specifically its properties from enzymatic hydrolysis: Galacturonic Acid and ...
Publikations-Datenbank der Fraunhofer Wissenschaftler und Institute: Aufsätze, Studien, Forschungsberichte, Konferenzbeiträge, Tagungsbände, Patente und Gebrauchsmuster
THE OBJECTIVE of this research was to compare physiological response of fresh water algae |i|(Chlorella vulgaris)|/i| and marine algae (Chlorella salina) to different salinity levels. These algae were isolated and cultivated in appropriate media for a period of 8 days.,|i| C. vulgaris|/i| could survive till 0.8 molar NaCl, while the marine strain |i|(C. salina)|/i| survived up to 2 molar NaCl. Thus, the marine alga showed a wide range of salinity tolerance, whereas the fresh water alga showed a narrows range of salinity tolerance. The dry weight of C. salina was 2-folds at 1M NaCl and slightly changed at 2 M NaCl as compared to the control value. In|i| C. vulgaris|/i| dry weight was progressively decreased with increase of salinity. Hypo and hyper saline media induced significant stimulation in photosynthesis pigments, carbohydrate, protein, Na+ and K+ contents in C. salina. On the other hand, free amino acids, proline, MDA contents and antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD, CAT, POD and APX) were
Abstract: Predation was a powerful selective force promoting increased morphological complexity in a unicellular prey held in constant environmental conditions. The green alga, Chlorella vulgaris, is a well-studied eukaryote, which has retained its normal unicellular form in cultures in our laboratories for thousands of generations. For the experiments reported here, steady-state unicellular C. vulgaris continuous cultures were inoculated with the predator Ochromonas vallescia, a phagotrophic flagellated protist (`flagellate). Within less than 100 generations of the prey, a multicellular Chlorella growth form became dominant in the culture (subsequently repeated in other cultures). The prey Chlorella first formed globose clusters of tens to hundreds of cells. After about 10-20 generations in the presence of the phagotroph, eight-celled colonies predominated. These colonies retained the eight-celled form indefinitely in continuous culture and when plated onto agar. These self-replicating, stable ...
Here, we propose a novel strategy that combines a typical ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC), data-independent mass spectrometry (MS(E)) workflow with traveling wave ion mobility (TWIM) and UV detection, to improve the characterization of carotenoids and chlorophylls in complex biological matrices. UV detection selectively highlighted pigments absorbing at specific wavelengths, while TWIM coupled to MS was used to maximize the peak capacity. We applied this approach for the analysis of pigments in different microalgae samples, including Chlorella vulgaris, Dunaliella salina, and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Using UHPLC-UV-MS(E) information (retention time, absorbance at 450 nm, and accurate masses of precursors and product ions), we tentatively identified 26 different pigments (carotenes, chlorophylls, and xanthophylls). By adding TWIM information (collision cross sections), we further resolved 5 isobaric pigments, not resolved by UHPLC-UV-MS(E) alone. The characterization of the ...
Chlorella Vulgaris - a skincare star! One of the original foods on the planet from 3 million years ago, these single-celled fresh water green algae is also a super-food for the skin and face. Firms, hydrates and tones skin, increases microcirculation and oxygenation, contains over 20 Vitamins and Minerals, caratenoids protect skin from UV rays, lightens skin and inhibits production of melanin and dark spots, prevents the breakdown the skin collagen, diminishes the red coloration of spider veins, lessens the appearance of dark eye circles, and decreases rapid blood vessel growth. It increases collagen and elasticity, and generates the production of more collagen. Contains iron, iodine, zinc, lysine and essential fatty acids, Vitamins A, C, E, K, B-12, B-1, B-2, folic acid, prevent the breakdown the skins collagen and elasticity. Contains all the nutrients needed for maintaining healthy, youthful skin.. Rich in nutrients such as protein, amino acids, vitamins and 60 trace minerals like potassium, ...
Chlorella vulgaris was cultivated in numerous proportions of activated sludge extracts, which was from the remedy of artificial wastewater containing tetrachlorophenol. The expansion interval of. Read More ...
Chlorella vulgaris was cultivated in numerous proportions of activated sludge extracts, which was from the remedy of artificial wastewater containing tetrachlorophenol. The expansion interval of. Read More ...
A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION ON THE ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF POLLEN, Nesrin Ecem Bayram, (07.12.2018-10.12.2018), IV. Uluslararası Mesleki ve Teknikbilimler Kongresi, 2018. Sugar (Fructose, Glucose) Profile of Honey Samples Obtained From The Market, Mustafa Onur Yüzer, Nesrin Ecem Bayram, (21.09.2017-23.09.2017), 2nd International Conference on Advanced Engineeringtechnologies, 2017. Determination of Major Compounds in Turkey Propolis, Nesrin Ecem Bayram, Gül öz, Bekir Salih, Ömür Gençay Çelemli, Kadriye Sorkun, (29.09.2013-04.10.2013), Xxxxııı International Apicultural Congress, 2013. Fabrication of propolis loaded electrosprayed nanoparticles, Duygu Özmen, Azime Yılmaz, Enes Dertli, Nesrin Ecem Bayram, Mustafa Tahsin Yılmaz, Canan Yağmur Karakaş, (26.04.2018-28.04.2018), Europen Biotecnology Congress, 2018. FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF CHLORELLA VULGARIS BYHETEROTROPHIC GROWTH IN FERMENTERS, Yusuf Can Gerçek, Hande Morgil, Nesrin Ecem Bayram, Mahmut Çalışkan, Gül öz, ...
Water/Aqua/Eau, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Propylene Glycol, Glycol Distearate, Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate, Cocamide Mea, Sorbitol, Rosa Canina Fruit Oil, Arginine Hcl, Laurdimonium Hydroxypropyl Hydrolyzed Keratin, Phosphatidylcholine, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Hydrolyzed Algin, Sea Water/Maris Aqua/Eau De Mer, Chlorella Vulgaris Extract, Sodium Cocoamphoacetate, Silicone Quaternium-16, Citric Acid, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Undeceth-11, Sodium Citrate, Butyloctanol, Undeceth-5, Peg-150 Pentaerythrityl Tetrastearate, Peg-6 Caprylic/Capric Glycerides, Stearyl Dihydroxypropyldimonium Oligosaccharides, Benzyl Alcohol, Sodium Gluconate, Sodium Benzoate, Phenoxyethanol, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide, Benzyl Benzoate, Limonene, Fragrance/Parfum, Ext. Violet 2 (CI 60730), Blue 1 (CI 42090), Yellow 5 (CI 19140).. ...
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H. Kang, Lee, C. Hyung, Kim, J. Rhan, Kwon, J. Yeon, Seo, S. Gwon, Han, J. Gab, Kim, B. Gon, Kim, J. - E., and Lee, K. Won, Chlorella vulgaris Attenuates Dermatophagoides Farinae-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-Like Symptoms in NC/Nga Mice., Int J Mol Sci, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 21021-34, 2015. ...
H. Kang, Lee, C. Hyung, Kim, J. Rhan, Kwon, J. Yeon, Seo, S. Gwon, Han, J. Gab, Kim, B. Gon, Kim, J. - E., and Lee, K. Won, Chlorella vulgaris Attenuates Dermatophagoides Farinae-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-Like Symptoms in NC/Nga Mice., Int J Mol Sci, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 21021-34, 2015. ...
H. Kang, Lee, C. Hyung, Kim, J. Rhan, Kwon, J. Yeon, Seo, S. Gwon, Han, J. Gab, Kim, B. Gon, Kim, J. - E., and Lee, K. Won, Chlorella vulgaris Attenuates Dermatophagoides Farinae-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-Like Symptoms in NC/Nga Mice., Int J Mol Sci, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 21021-34, 2015. ...
These data show that airborne endotoxin exposure could potentiate allergen-specific airway inflammation. The results should have potential implications for understanding the development of allergen-induced airway allergic responses.
The green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris has been widely recognized as a promising candidate for biofuel production due to its ability to store high lipid content and its natural metabolic versatility. Compartmentalized genome-scale metabolic models constructed from genome sequences enable quantitative insight into the transport and metabolism of compounds within a target organism. These metabolic models have long been utilized to generate optimized design strategies for an improved production process. Here, we describe the reconstruction, validation, and application of a genome-scale metabolic model for C. vulgaris UTEX 395, iCZ843. The reconstruction represents the most comprehensive model for any eukaryotic photosynthetic organism to date, based on the genome size and number of genes in the reconstruction. The highly curated model accurately predicts phenotypes under photoautotrophic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic conditions. The model was validated against experimental data and lays the ...
Background: Microalgae are known to have beneficial effects on health. On the other hand, studies have reported negative effects of diabetes on hematological parameters. Effects of Spirulina platensis (SP) and Chlorella vulgaris (CV) microalgae, singly and combined, on hematological parameters in diabetic rats are not still studied. Thus, the present ...
This study investigated the effects of Spirulina platensis and Chlorella vulgaris on the growth, non-specific immunity and survival of Clarias gariepinus. C. gariepinus juveniles were infected with Aeromonas hydrophila after a 16-week feeding period with 5 different diets which served as replacements for fishmeal diet. The diets are 50% C. vulgaris (CL50%), 75% C. vulgaris (CL75%), 50% S. platensis (SP50%), 75% S. platensis (SP75%), and control (100% fishmeal). Fish (n=225; 41.85± 0.05 g) were randomly divided into fifteen tanks (150 L capacity each) with triplicate groups of 15 fish per tank. CL50% had the most significant (P,0.05) weight gain (233.72±0.02 g), relative growth rate (558.15±0.57%), feed conversion ratio (0.89±0.01) and protein efficiency ratio (5.81±0.03) compared to the control, while there were no significant differences (P,0.05) in growth performance among the algae treatments. Similarly, lysozyme and respiratory burst activity and post-challenge haemoglobin, haematocrit, ...
Cristal Zuñiga, Chien-Ting Li, Tyler Huelsman, Jennifer Levering, Daniel C. Zielinski, Brian O. McConnell, Christopher P. Long, Eric P. Knoshaug, Michael T Guarnieri, Maciek R. Antoniewicz, Michael J. Betenbaugh and Karsten Zengler ...
But I havent used it for other things. Home; Privacy Policy; Disclaimer; man sollte immer danach fragen wem etwas ntzt. Chlorella Culture Contamination Gla alcohol extract of the marine algae Chlorella vulgaris based on its free radical health benefits of chlorella during pregnancy mens health scavenging activities. Benefits of Spirulina. stimulates stem cell proliferation Certified Organic Chlorella (chlorella vulgaris) helps detoxify heavy metals induces cancer cell apoptosis (death) protects against high cholesterol Poor concentration 11.. Berman Shirlee Snyder Dea S. spirulina and anemia spirulina powder how to take it Every few days when my muscles begin to ache I spend about 15 minutes on this contraption and Im completely good to live the next few days of my life with only mild discomfort. Rat Teneurin-2(ODZ2) ELISA kit.. So if my dog eats them it is a definite paws up in my book. Aqua One Marine Pellets have all the advantages of our Marine Pellets but they appeal to different species ...
Chlorella Pyrenoidosa is distinguished from Chlorella Vulgaris by its thicker cell wall. The components of this cell wall may facilitate a slightly more powerful detoxification effect, and promote slightly higher nutritional value than Chlorella Vulgaris. However, the thickness of this cell wall also makes Pyrenoidosa slightly more difficult to digest.. High in vitamins, minerals, amino acids and protein. Natural detoxifier for immune support.* Natural digestive enzymes aiding to support fresh breath and relief from occasional constipation. Contains magnesium to support a healthy cardiovascular system.*. ...
is a single-celled freshwater algae. It reportedly contains a very high amount of chlorophyll, the chemical that gives plants their green color and is an essential component in photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert light into chemical energy.. Tags: C, Cancer Dictionary, Uncategorized. ...
A cultivation system in the two-stage photoautotrophic-photoheterotrophic/mixotrophic mode was adapted to maximize lipid productivity of two freshwater strains of Chlorella sp. grown in brewery wastewater (BWW). The endogenous Chlorella sp. isolated from BWW had a higher growth rate than wild-type Chlorella vulgaris (UTEX-265) while C vulgaris (UTEX-265) had a higher maximal biomass and lipid contents than that of endogenous Chlorella sp., resulting in more than 90% of the inorganic nutrients in both total nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP) was removed during the first stage in the two-stage photoautotrophic-photoheterotrophic mode in each Chlorella sp. The maximal biomass and lipid contents of C vulgaris (UTEX-265) for single stage photoautotrophic cultivation were 1.5 g/L and 18%, respectively. Importantly, during two-stage photoautotrophic photoheterotrophic cultivation for C vulgaris (UTEX-265), the biomass was increased to 3.5 g/L, and the lipid productivity was increased from 31.1 to 108.0 ...
Clean Chlorella™ (Chlorella vulgaris) is the worlds cleanest chlorella. This chlorella achieved an A+++ rating or better from Low Heavy Metals Verified. and Glyphosate-tested.
Clean Chlorella™ (Chlorella vulgaris) is the worlds cleanest chlorella. This chlorella achieved an A+++ rating or better from Low Heavy Metals Verified. and Glyphosate-tested.
In vitro and animal studies have demonstrated that Chlorella is a potent biological response modifier on immunity. However, there were no direct evidences for the effect of Chlorella supplementation on immune/inflammation response in healthy humans. This study was designed for an 8-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial: 5g of Chlorella (n=23) or Placebo (n=28) as form of tablets. Mainly, cytotoxic activities of Natural killer (NK) cells and serum concentrations of interferon-γ, interleukin-1β and interleukin-12 were measured. After the 8-week, serum concentrations of interferon-γ (p
It often takes a few visits with blood tests spread out over time to find the right dosage of thyroid medication to work and the office long before I will see So simple that all you need is an a fresh lemon (or lime) raw honey & 2 bowls (ok a fork too). What are Bounce protein snacks? If you get that face to desk energy slump then it is time to get on board with a high deskripsi chlorella vulgaris perth protein snack that can sort you out. Chlorella Detox Study C Vitamin herbs Tinctures Order Now from our Shopping Cart or Generic Secure Online Order Form; ID# HERBS 1 lb; H101: Agar Agar Powder: $55.00: H102: Alfalfa Leaves Oolong tea weight loss If you want to lose weight you either have to reduce your calorie intake or increase Spirulina weight loss supplements have shown to reduce dosage for adults is 5 10 tablets a day per day to help our body absorb the and with a 49.6g protein serving Whey protein is absorbed extremely fast much more quickly than the other milk derivative casein protein We ...
p,Furthermore, as a supplement, it has shown promise in improving cholesterol levels and ridding the body of toxins.,/p,,p,This article tells you all you need to know about chlorella, including what it is, the research behind its health claims and how to take it as a supplement.,/p,,p,,strong,What Is Chlorella?,/strong,,/p,,p,Chlorella is a single-celled, green freshwater algae (,a href=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26561078 target=_blank,1,/a,).,/p,,p,There are more than 30 different species, but two types-,em,Chlorella vulgaris,/em, and ,em,Chlorella pyrenoidosa,/em,-are most commonly used in research (,a href=http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0092460 target=_blank,2,/a,).,/p,,p,Because chlorella has a hard cell wall that humans cannot digest, you must take it as a supplement to reap its benefits (,a href=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032114002342 target=_blank,3,/a,).,/p,,p,Its available in capsule, tablet, powder and ...
Yaeyama Chlorella is a subspecies of Chlorella vulgaris, a single-celled, fresh water algae, grown in the environmentally pristine coral reef region of Japans Ishigaki Island using mountain spring water, tropical sunshine and food grade nutrients. Yaeyama Chlorella cell walls are broken by a high-impact, jet-spray drying that pulverizes the algae wall for increased absorption of its vital nutrients ...
Coupling an anaerobic digester to a microalgal culture has received increasing attention as an alternative process for combined bioenergy production and depollution. In this article, a dynamic model for anaerobic digestion of microalgae is developed with the aim of improving the management of such a coupled system. This model describes the dynamics of inorganic nitrogen and volatile fatty acids since both can lead to inhibition and therefore process instability. Three reactions are considered: Two hydrolysis-acidogenesis steps in parallel for sugars/lipids and for proteins, followed by a methanogenesis step. The proposed model accurately reproduces experimental data for anaerobic digestion of the freshwater microalgae Chlorella vulgaris with an organic loading rate of 1 gCOD L−1 d−1. In particular, the three-reaction pathway allows to adequately represent the observed decoupling between biogas production and nitrogen release. The reduced complexity of this model makes it suitable for developing
Procedures for determining the optimal pre-freezing protocol for cryo-preservation of microalgae are discussed. Three algal species were used (Chlorella vulgaris, Isochrysis galbana and Dunaliella salina) and cryo-stored using two different methods: the slow cooling and the fast freezing. In the slow cooling, each algae batch was treated with or without cryo-protectant (dimethyl sulfoxide: Me2SO 5% v/v). After 20 min at 4 degrees C, the midi-straws were filled and cooled slowly (1.5 degrees C min(-1)) to -140 degrees C, by a programmable freezer (Digitcool-IMV), before putting them directly into liquid nitrogen. Fast freezing was performed with 10% or 15% Me2SO prior to plunging into liquid nitrogen. The three algal species followed the same re-growth pattern as that of the controls. The post-thawed viability with Me2SO was good for all the selected algae (C. vulgaris > 95%, I. galbana and D. sauna > 70% of the control), applying the slow cooling. The post-thawed viability without Me2SO was 60% ...
Microalgae biofilms may play an important role in the mitigation and prevention of eutrophication caused by domestic, agricultural and industrial wastewater effluents. Despite their potential, the biofilm development and role in nutrient removal are not well understood. Its clarification requires comprehensive studies of the complex three-dimensional architecture of the biofilm. In this study, we established a multimodal imaging approach to provide key information regarding architecture development and nutrient distribution in the biofilm of two green algae organisms: Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Chlorella vulgaris. Helium ion microscopy (HIM), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) were employed for i) elucidation of spatial arrangement, ii) elemental mapping and iii) 3D chemical imaging of the biofilm. The fine structure of the algal biofilm was resolved by HIM, the evidence of the ...
Sustainable and clean fuels are in demand due to the perceived negative effects on health and environment with current use of fossil fuels. Lipids from microalgae offer a potential approach to obtain sustainable biofuels. In this study a two step process was adopted: investigation of culture conditions to find optimal points for lipid productivity and cellulose content, followed by an investigation of microalgae disruption for lipid recovery. In the first phase of the research the effect of culture conditions on Chlorella vulgaris biomass concentration and the ratio of lipid productivity/cellulose content were studied. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the culture conditions. The response model for biomass concentration led to a predicted maximum of 1.12 g dw L-1 when carbon dioxide and sodium nitrate concentrations were 2.33% vv-1 and 5.77 mM, respectively. For lipid productivity/cellulose content ratio the maximum predicted value was 0.46 (mg lipid L-1d-1)(mg cellulose mg biomass-1)
Net Wt 8 oz - approx. 900 tabletsEach chlorella tablet contains about 250mg of chlorella Vegan Chlorella TabletsChlorella is an incredible, multi-faceted superfood that is made up of 66% protein and boasts an array of nutrients including vitamin A and iron. A microscopic single-celled plant that grows in fresh water, chlorellas abundance of chlorophyll gives it a deep, emerald-green color. A potent superfood, chlorella is a great way to introduce detoxifying, alkalizing foods into your diet. The Sunfood Difference™Our chlorella tablets are processed from pure chlorella powder. The chlorella is gently dried after harvest, then the cell walls are broken using a unique, chemical-free centrifuge process. Afterwards, the chlorella powder is stamped into tablets without the use of binders, fillers, or additives.We source our chlorella from the cleanest sources in the world, typically South Korea or Taiwan. All of our chlorella is grown indoors in a controlled environment to avoid any possible atmospheric
Fatty acids (FA) were widely used as taxonomic indicators to distinguish algal groups by the presence, the abundance and the distribution of particular FA. This work aimed to compare between species FA composition of three green algae (Chlorophyceae: Chlorella vulgaris, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Scenedesmus subspicatus) grown under comparable conditions, and to assess the suitability of using FA as indicators of taxonomic groups and environmental conditions for microalgae. Results showed that FA composition could not be used as a taxonomic feature of particular species because close species may present different FA composition due to their physiological state which in turn depends on environmental conditions. In this context, FA should be used as indicator at the class rather than the genus and/or species level. We propose two FA indices, the ω3/ω6 polyunsaturated FA ratio and an unsaturation index as indicators of physiological state and the growth phase of algae and a signs of ...
article{74a76d67-2331-4e9c-ad98-8732376ecfe8, abstract = {When compared with Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus obliquus and Selenastrum capricornutum, C. sorokiniana presented the highest tolerance to acetonitrile and the highest O-2 production capacity. It also supported the fastest acetonitrile biodegradation when mixed with a suitable acetonitrile-degrading bacterial consortium. Consequently, this microalga was tested in symbiosis with the bacterial culture for the continuous biodegradation of acetonitrile at 2 g l(-1) in a stirred tank photobioreactor and in a column photobioreactor under continuous illumination (250 mu E m(-2) s(-1)). Acetonitrile removal rates of up to 2.3 g l(-1) day(-1) and 1.9 g l(-1) day(-1) were achieved in the column photobioreactor and the stirred-tank photobioreactor, respectively, when operated at the shortest retention times tested (0.4 days, 0.6 days, respectively). In addition, when the stirred-tank photobioreactor was operated with a retention time of 3.5 days, ...
The quantity of surface membrane internalized during phagocytosis by Chlorohydra digestive cells was estimated for a range of particle types. Challenge with 2 of these particles, freshly isolated symbiotic algae (FIS) and latex spheres (LS), resulted in a greater (2.5 X) quantity of surface membrane interiorized than with heat-treated symbiotic algae (HTS) and free living algae (FA), Chlorella vulgaris. This discriminatory process was investigated further by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) comparison of the surface events associated with phagocytosis of each of these 4 particles. Those particles that were avidly phagocytized, FIS and LS, were both enveloped by a tightly fitting extension of digestive-cell surface, and obtained a prominent surface coating after their injection into the gut of Chlorohydra. Phagocytic challenge with FIS resulted, furthermore, in the rapid formation of a dense microvillar cover on digestive-cell surfaces. HTS and FA, ...
Instructions for use: Apply evenly to face and neck 50ml/ 1.7fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua (Hungarian Thermal Water), Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Zinc Oxide, Titanium Dioxide, Glycerin, Squalane, Isononyl Isononanoate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Cetearyl Olivate, Ethylhexyldodecanol, Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate, Corundum (Pro Ruby Crystal), Sorbitan Olivate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Phenoxyethanol, Mica, Isopropyl Myristate, Saccharomyces (Hungarian Thermal Water) Ferment Extract, Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Sucrose Palmitate, Disodium EDTA, Glyceryl Linoleate, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sodium Hyaluronate, Geraniol, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil, Tocopherol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Lactic Acid, Isostearic Acid, Citronellol, Parfum (Fragrance), Xanthan Gum, Propylene Carbonate, Chlorella Vulgaris/Lupinus Albus Protein Ferment, Pectin, Phospholipids, Linalool, Potassium Sorbate [+/ may contain: CI 77492/ CI
Instructions for use: Apply day or night to freshly cleansed skin, followed by your choice of moisturizer 30ml/ 1.0 fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua (Hungarian Thermal Water), Rosa Damascena Flower Water, Saccharomyces (Hungarian Thermal Water) Ferment Extract, Glycerin, Corundum (Pro Ruby Crystal), Phospholipids, Alcohol Denat., Phenoxyethanol, Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate, Niacinamide, Pullulan, Carbomer, Benzyl Alcohol, Sodium Hyaluronate, Sodium Hydroxide, Mica, Zinc PCA, Xanthan Gum, Disodium EDTA, Ethylhexylglycerin, Chlorella Vulgaris/Lupinus Albus Protein Ferment, Nasturtium Officinale Flower/Leaf Extract, Colloidal Gold, Silica, Parfum (Fragrance), Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5, Dehydroacetic Acid, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Caprooyl Tetrapeptide-3, Dextran, Linalool, Limonene, Eugenol, Geraniol, Citronellol, Benzyl Benzoate, CI 77891 (Titanium Dioxide).
Water/Aqua/Eau, Glycerin, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Wheat Straw Glycosides, Cetyl Alcohol, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Caffeine, Coco-Caprylate/Caprate, Glyceryl Stearate, Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil, Benzimidazole Diamond Amidoethyl Urea Carbamoyl Propyl Polymethylsilsesquioxane, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Squalane, Soil Minerals, Tocopherol, Ceramide 2, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Dipeptide-2, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Chlorella Vulgaris Extract, Pelvetia Canaliculata Extract, Peucedanum Ostruthium Leaf Extract, Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone, PEG-10 Rapeseed Sterol, Tribehenin, Mica, Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891), Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil, Anthemis Nobilis Flower Water, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Cananga Odorata Flower Oil, Anthemis Nobilis (Flower) Oil, Dehydroacetic Acid, Sorbitan Olivate, Sorbitan Palmitate, Sodium Dehydroacetate, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium Sorbate, Linalool, ...
Maternea Breast Firming Cream contains a complex of specially selected active ingredients, which effectively increase the skins elasticity, protect it from slackness, nourishes and hydrates. The skin remains healthy, soft and smooth.. Application::. Maternea Breast Firming Cream absorbs quickly and does not leave greasy traces on the skin.. Apply morning and/or evening, from the first months of pregnancy. Use circular massaging movements from the base of the breasts towards the cleavage, and up towards the neck.. Always wash the nipple area thoroughly before breastfeeding.. Volume. 125 ml / Fl.oz. 4.2. Package. Tube + insert + box. Ingredients. INCI: Aqua, Glycerin1, Theobroma Cacao Seed Butter1, Cocos Nucifera Oil1, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil1, Rahnella/Soy Рrotein Ferment1, Sodium Polyacrylate, Chlorella Vulgaris Extract1, Kigelia Africana Leaf Extract1, Tocopheryl Acetate/vit.E/, Niacinamide/vit. B3/, Ascorbyl Palmitate2/vit.C/, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Butylene Glycol, Trisodium ...
Active Ingredients: Octinoxate 7.5%, Oxybenzone 0.5%. Water, Cyclopentasiloxane, Methyl Trimethicone, Butylene Glycol, Glycerin, Lauryl PEG-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Talc, Dimethicone, Trimethylolpropane Tricaprylate/Tricaprate, Polyglyceryl-6 Polyricinoleate, HDI/Trimethylol Hexyllactone Crosspolymer, Dimethicone/PEG-10/15 Crosspolymer, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Phenoxyethanol, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Citrate, Polyglyceryl-3 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Alumina, Sorbitan Laurate, Aluminum Hydroxide, Stearic Acid, Methylparaben, Sodium Hyaluronate, Propylparaben, Fragrance, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Acetyl Dipeptide-1 Cetyl Ester, Ethylparaben, Silica, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Lecithin, Chlorella Vulgaris Extract, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil, Ceramide-3, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Beta-Sitosterol, Perilla Ocymoides Seed Oil, Salvia Hispanica Seed Oil, Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil, Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate. ...
Well, well. Let me take on the industrys response in order of appearance:. To use the term coined by Stephen Colbert, the statement chlorella has actually been shown to counter the known effects of lipopolysaccharide in numerous studies has certain air of truthiness to it, but it is flat out false. Certain extracts from chlorella do, but whole Chlorella does not. For instance, a methanolic extract from Chlorella does have inhibitory effect on mast cells. I should point out however that polysaccharides are insoluble in methanol, so it is safe to assume that this extract did not contain the macrophage-activating polysaccharide from Chlorella at all. A whole Chlorella supplement, does contain it. Next, a certain Chlorella-derived peptide does have an inhibitory effect on macrophage activation by LPS and does alleviate inflammation. However, this is a peptide (short protein) extracted from Chlorella. Again, it is not whole, ground-up Chlorella. Virtues of whole Chlorella supplementation, its ...
Well, well. Let me take on the industrys response in order of appearance:. To use the term coined by Stephen Colbert, the statement chlorella has actually been shown to counter the known effects of lipopolysaccharide in numerous studies has certain air of truthiness to it, but it is flat out false. Certain extracts from chlorella do, but whole Chlorella does not. For instance, a methanolic extract from Chlorella does have inhibitory effect on mast cells. I should point out however that polysaccharides are insoluble in methanol, so it is safe to assume that this extract did not contain the macrophage-activating polysaccharide from Chlorella at all. A whole Chlorella supplement, does contain it. Next, a certain Chlorella-derived peptide does have an inhibitory effect on macrophage activation by LPS and does alleviate inflammation. However, this is a peptide (short protein) extracted from Chlorella. Again, it is not whole, ground-up Chlorella. Virtues of whole Chlorella supplementation, its ...
Chlorella represents a group of eukaryotic green microalgae that has been receiving increasing scientific and commercial interest. It possesses high photosynthetic ability and is capable of growing robustly under mixotrophic and heterotrophic conditions as well. Chlorella has long been considered as a source of protein and is now industrially produced for human food and animal feed. Chlorella is also rich in oil, an ideal feedstock for biofuels. The exploration of biofuel production by Chlorella is underway. Chlorella has the ability to fix carbon dioxide efficiently and to remove nutrients of nitrogen and phosphorous, making it a good candidate for greenhouse gas biomitigation and wastewater bioremediation. In addition, Chlorella shows potential as an alternative expression host for recombinant protein production, though challenges remain to be addressed. Currently, omics analyses of certain Chlorella strains are being performed, which will help to unravel the biological implications of Chlorella and
e-mail Us. Chlorella helps you not only stay healthy, but also to regain your health. A weakened defence system, manifesting itself for instance in hay fever or rheumatism is not the only problem put right by chlorella.. In 1975 Japanese researches published an article in the Japanese Journal of Nutrition, showing that chlorella in the diet lowered both the blood cholesterol and liver cholesterol. There was a definite effect by chlorella on liver function.. Chlorella, Jewel of the Far East page 44 by Bernard Jensen, Ph.D.. Free Worldwide Shipping for all of our Chlorella Products. Our Chlorella is grown in Taiwan. All of our Chlorella products are priced in U.S. Dollars. Free Chlorella Benefits Brochure. ...
e-mail Us. Chlorella helps you not only stay healthy, but also to regain your health. A weakened defence system, manifesting itself for instance in hay fever or rheumatism is not the only problem put right by chlorella.. In 1975 Japanese researches published an article in the Japanese Journal of Nutrition, showing that chlorella in the diet lowered both the blood cholesterol and liver cholesterol. There was a definite effect by chlorella on liver function.. Chlorella, Jewel of the Far East page 44 by Bernard Jensen, Ph.D.. Free Worldwide Shipping for all of our Chlorella Products. Our Chlorella is grown in Taiwan. All of our Chlorella products are priced in U.S. Dollars. Free Chlorella Benefits Brochure. ...
It may not sound like the most appetising addition to your diet, but the green algae chlorella has been linked to everything from helping increase athletic indurance1 to acting as a powerful anti-oxidant2. 2017 looks set to be the year the algae is propelled to superfood stardom however, as recently scientists have uncovered it could hold the key to preventing weight gain…. In the new study1, Japanese scientists looked at a specific protein found in chlorella and the effect it had when included in a fatty diet.. They discovered that the protein appeared to have an ability to reduce some of the negative effects of fat within the body, including reducing levels of triglycerides in the liver, when a high fat diet was supplemented with the chlorella extract. Perhaps most excitingly the chlorella protein appeared able to reduce the increase in size of the bodys fat cells, normally seen when eating a diet high in fat, highlighting the potential of the algae in helping prevent weight gain.. ...
It s small, green and nutrient-rich. What are we talking about? Exactly! About the super algae chlorella! Have you ever heard of chlorella? But do you really know what it is? In todays article, we want to give the algae the attention it deserves! Well clarify what chlorella actually is, how it grows and what benefi
Chlorella pyrenoidosa, a freshwater single-celled green algae, is more popular in Japan as a regular supplement than vitamin C. An estimated 5 million Japanese use this medicinal algae every day. Chlorellas broad spectrum health benefits, amply researched by Japanese scientists, include the impressive fact that it contains 60% protein, including all the essential amino acids, and high levels of beta carotene and chlorophyll.. It is to chlorellas high chlorophyll content (more chlorophyll per gram than any other plant) that many researchers and enthusiastic users attribute its multiple health benefits.. Both scientific documentation and reliable anecdotal reports indicate that chlorella is effective in helping to reduce the symptoms of numerous types of cancers, diabetes, low blood sugar, arthritis, AIDS, pancreatitis, liver cirrhosis, hepatitis, peptic ulcers, viral and bacterial infections, anemia, and multiple sclerosis.. Chlorella is considered to be a first class detoxifying agent, capable ...
Save 42% Lindberg - Chlorella 1,000 mg 60 Tablets Chlorella 1,000 mg Green Algae - Broken Cell Wall Chlorella is a green single-celled microalgae. It has naturally occurring chlorophyll and protein, plus it is a rich source of beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. The cell wall in this high-quality Chlorella has been broken down mechanically to aid digestibility. Not genetically engineered. Vegetarian.
Chlorella is full of complete nutrition. Find Organic chlorella powder, freeze dried chlorella at Optimally Organic. Call at 818-292-8809 for more details.
Of course, there may be gaps in my research, but this is what I came up with. As you can see, I couldnt verify many of the famous claims, but I was able to find at least a few strongly suggestive studies. Theres never anything wrong with getting more animo acid and EFA bang for your buck, nor with boosting your B-vitamin and magnesium intake. So I put chlorella in the category of superfood that Ill use when its available (that is, if Ive been gifted with samples, or if I have been able to work it into my budget), and not worry about when its not.. If youre eating a well rounded and healthy diet, smoothie add-ins like chlorella shouldnt be vital to your health-count on the fruits, veggies, and plant protein for that. But if you have the means to experiment with new, fun ingredients, you can try chlorella out; think of it as an added bonus to your diet.. Note that chlorella must be labeled as cracked cell wall in order for you to assimilate the nutrients-otherwise, theyll just pass ...
Multi-layered cell walls of chlorella algae can develop the full cleaning potential of chlorella, AMAZONAS chlorella products are made from algae that have been left in their natural state.
Grandviews Chlorella Supplement is an excellent source of chlorophyll, protein, iron, antioxidants, and vitamins. A natural detoxifying agent, chlorella can help fight bacteria, fungi, tumors, and viruses. It can bind to heavy metals and unwanted chemicals in the body. Chlorella also promotes healthy bacteria in the
Since were on the note of breastfeeding, let me tell you new mommies how important chlorella is for you specifically. Breastfeeding provides your baby with a huge extra load of nutrients and boosts his/her immunity. The exact composition of breast milk changes with each feeding to adapt to your individual babys needs. A study in Japan followed 35 breast-feeding mothers. Eighteen of them took chlorella supplements and were compared to the rest. Breast milk from mothers who supplemented with chlorella had higher concentrations of Immunoglobulin A (IgA), which is an antibody. These antibodies help prevent viruses, bacteria and fungus from creating infections (very important if you are doing an alternative vaccine schedule, or choosing not to vaccinate at this time). IgA, in particular, helps protect the surfaces of the body that are exposed to foreign substances like the nose, digestive tract, eyes, ears, saliva and tears. This is a big advantage to young babies. This same Japanese study showed ...
Chlorella is well-known as a natural multi-vitamin supplement, packed with various Essential Amino Acids, Vitamins and Minerals, and is made up of 65% Protein that are important for overall well-being of the body. It is highly recommended for vegans, growing children, busy professionals who may not have a balanced diet as well as people who are on weight loss regime. To grab the maximum benefits of chlorella, pick only chlorella supplement that is organically grown and contains fully cracked cell wall.
Raw Cold Pressed Juice shop KYONO JUICE operated by Sun Chlorella Corp. is opened on November 1st.. Raw Cold Pressed Juice are made by squeezing vegetables and fruits under high pressure without applying heat and are very effective in retaining enzymes and nutrients ...
Support of the immune system is one of the most common uses of chlorella as a health supplement. Additional benefits of chlorella include the management of body weight and heavy metals.
WHO SHOULD TAKE CHLORELLA? Anyone who is seeking detoxification. With its many benefits, Chlorella is considered a superfood that will help just about anyone. It is especially beneficial for:
Effects of chlorella on activities of protein tyrosine phosphatases, matrix metalloproteinases, caspases, cytokine release, B and T cell proliferations, and phorbol ester receptor binding. Hot water extract of C. vulgaris triggered the death of human liver cancer cells by increasing p53, Bax, and caspase-3. Ever try supplements that dont seem to work? They should guide further investigation but shouldnt be interpreted as supportive of the anticancer effects until more research is done. Ohtake, T., Negishi, K., Okamoto, K., Oka, M., Maesato, K., Moriya, H., and Kobayashi, S. Manganese-induced Parkinsonism in a patient undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Although it was beneficial for decreasing heart disease risk factors and fat cell size, there was no significant evidence that it could help with weight loss [13]. We are dedicated to providing the most scientifically valid, unbiased, and comprehensive information on any given topic. Chlorella may also cause photosensitivity, increasing the ...
Loss of multicellularity is also considered probable in some green algae (e.g., Chlorella vulgaris and some Ulvophyceae). In ...
Methylcobalamin has been identified in Chlorella vulgaris. Since only bacteria and some archea possess the genes and enzymes ... a form of vitamin B12 identified and characterised in Chlorella vulgaris". Food Chemistry. 170: 316-20. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem. ... Fermented foods (such as tempeh), nori, spirulina, chlorella algae, and unfortified nutritional yeast cannot be relied upon as ...
Védrine, C.; Leclerc, J.-C.; Durrieu, C.; Tran-Minh, C. (2003). "Optical whole-cell biosensor using Chlorella vulgaris designed ...
Chlorella vulgaris, Oocystis submarina (green algae) and Cyclotella meneghiniana, Skeletonema marinoi (diatoms)". Green ...
Qian H, Li J, Pan X, Sun Z, Ye C, Jin G, Fu Z (March 2012). "Effects of streptomycin on growth of algae Chlorella vulgaris and ...
Tokuşoglu Ö, Uunal MK (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and ...
Tokuşoglu, O.; Uunal, M. K. (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, ... dw Chlorella sp.: 29%dw Chlorella protothecoides(autotrophic/heterotrophic): 15-55% dw Crypthecodinium cohnii: 20%dw Cyclotella ... particularly species in the genus Chlorella. Meanwhile, H. G. Aach showed that Chlorella pyrenoidosa could be induced via ... Experiments with Chlorella at Jealott's Hill. In: Burlew J.S. (ed). Algal culture: from laboratory to pilot plant. Carnegie ...
Tokusoglu, O.; Unal, M. K. (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and ...
Lethal effect of short wave lengths of the ultraviolet on the alga Chlorella vulgaris. Washington: Smithsonian Institution ( ...
ISBN 978-0-387-25492-0. Liang, Yanna (July 2009). "Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under autotrophic, ... Although mixotrophs have the ability to grow under both heterotrophic and autotrophic conditions, C. vulgaris have higher ...
Biofuel from Sorghum bicolor, Manihot esculenta crantz and Chlorella vulgaris are also being studied. In 2008, 2,170 students ...
Tokuşoglu, O.; Uunal, M. K. (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, ... particularly species in the genus Chlorella. Meanwhile, H. G. Aach showed that Chlorella pyrenoidosa could be induced via ... Experiments with Chlorella at Jealott's Hill. In: Burlew J.S. (ed). Algal culture: from laboratory to pilot plant. Carnegie ... Nonsterile large-scale culture of Chlorella in greenhouse and open air. In: Burlew J.S. (ed). Algal culture: from laboratory to ...
"Continuous nanosecond pulsed electric field treatments foster the upstream performance of Chlorella vulgaris-based biorefinery ...
In a later experiment, the scientists were then able to cultivate B. chlorellavorus together with Chlorella vulgaris at 24 ... Gromov and Mamkaeva first isolated Bdellovibrio chlorellavorus in a lysis experiment with the algae Chlorella vulgaris from ... Chlorellavorus is named for the host of the bacterium (Chlorella) and the Latin voro meaning "to devour" (Chlorella-devouring ... Chlorella vulgaris for reproduction. The Vampirovibrio life cycle consists of: prey location, attachment, ingestion, binary ...
9. Comparative QSAR for the toxicity of diverse functional organic compounds to Chlorella vulgaris using chemometric tools". ...
Yuvraj; Ambarish Sharan Vidyarthi; Jeeoot Singh (2016). "Enhancement of Chlorella vulgaris cell density: Shake flask and bench- ... Yuvraj; Ambarish Sharan Vidyarthi; Jeeoot Singh (2016). "Enhancement of Chlorella vulgaris cell density: Shake flask and bench- ... from the green algae Haematococcus pluvialis or for the production of food supplement from the green algae Chlorella vulgaris. ...
Yuvraj; Ambarish Sharan Vidyarthi; Jeeoot Singh (2016). "Enhancement of Chlorella vulgaris cell density: Shake flask and bench- ...
In a study comparing the efficiency of ammonia and phosphorus removal from an agroindustrial wastewater by Chlorella vulgaris ... "Efficiency of ammonia and phosphorus removal from a Colombian agroindustrial wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris ... Scenedesmus, and other microalgae such as Chlorella, Dunaliella, Chlamydomonas, and Spirulina, contain large amounts of ...
In addition to vascular plants, the growth of the algae Chlorella vulgaris was positively affected by the presence of ... "Accumulation of intra-cellular polyphosphate in Chlorella vulgaris cells is related to indole-3-acetic acid produced by ...
It was found that sulfacetamide is resistant to biodegradation and that it is toxic to the green alga Chlorella vulgaris. It ...
"Inhibitory effects of sterols isolated from Chlorella vulgaris on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced inflammation and ...
"Complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome from the green alga Chlorella vulgaris: the existence of genes possibly ... Phaseolus vulgaris L) plastome, and the genomic diversification of legume chloroplasts". BMC Genomics. 8: 228. doi:10.1186/1471 ...
1998). When a predatory protist, Ochromonas valencia, was introduced to a prey population of Chlorella vulgaris, it was seen ... This is interesting because before the predator was introduced, the population of Chlorella vulgaris retained its unicellular ...
Liang, Yanna (July 2009). "Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under autotrophic, heterotrophic and ... vulgaris have higher biomass and lipid productivity when growing under heterotrophic conditions compared to autotrophic ...
Tokusoglu, O., Unal, M.K. "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and ...
... which is due to the symbiotic green algae Chlorella vulgaris which live within its body. These creatures are typically 10 mm ... Chlorella undergo asexual reproduction which is in correlation with the division of the host. The Hydra regulates the ... Beach, Matthew; Pascoe, David (April 1, 1997). "The Role of Hydra Vulgaris (Pallas) in Assessing the Toxicity of Freshwater ... Habetha, Matthias; Anton-Erzleben, Friederike; Neumann, Kathrin; Bosch, Thomas (2003). "The Hydra viridis / Chlorella symbiosis ...
Tokusoglu, O., Unal, M.K. "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and ...
Chlamydomonas globosa, a unicellular green alga with two flagella just visible at bottom left Chlorella vulgaris, a common ...
... chlorella MeSH B02.080.469.400 - chlorella vulgaris MeSH B02.080.634 - prototheca MeSH B02.080.800 - scenedesmus MeSH B02.080. ...
"Chlorella sorokiniana (formerly C. vulgaris) UTEX 2714, a non-thermotolerant microalga useful for biotechnological applications ... Chlorella pituita is a species of euryhaline, unicellular microalga in the Division Chlorophyta. It is spherical to oval-shaped ... "Taxonomic reassessment of the genus Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) using molecular signatures (barcodes), including description ...
Chlorella vulgaris and some Ulvophyceae).[15][16] In other groups, generally parasites, a reduction of multicellularity ...
Chlorella vulgaris and some Ulvophyceae).[17][18] In other groups, generally parasites, a reduction of multicellularity ...
Chlorella[33]. Whey[34]. Casein[35]. Egg white[36] Histidine. 1.8 g. 2.230 g. 3.455 g 2.710 g. 2.414 g. 2.821 g. 2.495 g. 2.756 ... "Effect of Processing on the In Vitro and In Vivo Protein Quality of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris and Vicia Faba)". Nutrients. 10 ... Chlorella. Whey. Casein. Egg white Alanine. Varies. 3.647 g. 4.992 g 8.983 g. 5.252 g. 4.448 g. 5.597 g. 4.609 g. 7.856 g. 7.7 ... "The composition of the bulk proteins of Chlorella". Biochemical Journal. 50 (3): 355-8. doi:10.1042/bj0500355. PMC 1197660 ...
Tokusoglu, O.; Unal, M.K. (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and ...
Chlorella vulgaris Scientific classification (unranked):. Viridiplantae Division:. Chlorophyta Class:. Trebouxiophyceae. Friedl ...
Antioxidant effect of the marine algae Chlorella vulgaris against naphthalene-induced oxidative stress in the albino rats. 2007 ... Nutritional supplementation with Chlorella pyrenoidosa for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study.2000. [7] ... A review of recent clinical trials of the nutritional supplement Chlorella pyrenoidosa in the treatment of fibromyalgia, ... Sansawa H, Takahashi M, Tsuchikura S, Endo H. Effect of chlorella and its fractions on blood pressure, cerebral stroke lesions ...
Chlorella. *Chlorella vulgaris. *Chlorophyllin. *Choline. *Chondroitin sulfate. *Chromium(III) nicotinate. *Chromium(III) ...
... some species of Chlorella have a cup-shaped chloroplast that occupies much of the cell.[100] ... "Starch Accumulation and Photosynthetic Activity in Primary Leaves of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)". Annals of Botany. 44 (4): ...
"Chlorella sorokiniana (formerly C. vulgaris) UTEX 2714, a non-thermotolerant microalga useful for biotechnological applications ... Chlorella singularis is a species of euryhaline, unicellular microalgae. It is spherical to oval-shaped and is solitary. Bock, ... "Taxonomic reassessment of the genus Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) using molecular signatures (barcodes), including description ...
Gladiolus palustris Gaudin (Marsh Gladiolus) Aphanes arvensis L. (Parsley Piert) Hydrocotyle vulgaris L. (Marsh Pennywort) ... Chaenotheca brachypoda (Ach.) Tibell Chaenotheca chlorella (Ach.) Müll. Arg. Cladonia foliacea (Huds.) Willd. Diploschistes ... Glyceria lithuanica (Gorski) Gorski Pulicaria vulgaris Gaertn. Silene chlorantha (Willd.) Ehrh. Triglochin maritimum L. ... Koch ex Roth Pinguicula vulgaris L. Saxifraga hirculus L. Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill Ajuga pyramidalis L. Ranunculus ...
US Patent 6,613,755 and other literature sources disclose the following list and references: Anabaena cylindricia Chlorella ... Escherichia coli Klebsiella pneumoniae Klebsiella terrigena Mycobacterium tuberculosis Proteus mirabilis Proteus vulgaris ...
It is sometimes considered a variety of Chlorella vulgaris. C. autotrophica has many uses. The species has been used as a ... Chlorella autotrophica, or Chlorella sp. (580), is a species of euryhaline, unicellular microalga in the Division Chlorophyta. ... Krauss, Robert W; Shihira, Ikurio (1965). Chlorella: Physiology and taxonomy of forty-one isolates. University of Maryland. ... "Nitrogen Metabolism of the Marine Microalga Chlorella autotrophica". Plant Physiology. 76 (3): 658-663. doi:10.1104/pp.76.3.658 ...
Other names: synonym: Chlorella vulgaris var. viridis Chodat includes: Chlorella vulgaris Beijerink IAM C-27 formerly Chlorella ... Chlorella vulgaris is a species of green microalga in the Division Chlorophyta. It is mainly used as a dietary supplement or ... C. vulgaris is a green eukaryotic microalga in the genus Chlorella, which has been present on earth since the Precambrian ... "Chlorella vulgaris". NCBI taxonomy. Bethesda, MD: National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 5 December 2017. ...
Chlorella vulgaris,/i, cells exposed during 72 hours to Fe,sub,3,/sub,O,sub,4,/sub, (SPION-1), Co,sub,0.2,/sub,Zn,sub,0.8,/sub, ... In this toxicological investigation, algal model ,i,C. vulgaris,/i, demonstrated to be a valuable bioindicator of SPION ... Toxicity of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on Green Alga Chlorella vulgaris. Lotfi Barhoumi1. ,. 2 and David Dewez1 ... The freshwater green alga Chlorella vulgaris was obtained from the Canadian Phycological Culture Centre (CPCC, University of ...
... S. A. Awaluddin,1 ... The results of ultimate compositions of C. vulgaris are also compared with other biomass (Table 3). The C. vulgaris biomass ... Chlorella vulgaris used in this study shows high volatile matter (83.5 wt.%) and carbon content (47.11 wt.%), giving advantage ... this work seeks to investigate the application of SWE for optimal extraction of biochemical compounds from Chlorella vulgaris. ...
191d) Effects of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon and Mixing On Growth and Lipid Formation of Chlorella Vulgaris. ... Chlorella vulgaris has been extensively studied due to its relatively rapid growing rate and reasonable quantity of ...
Gene transfer of Chlorella vulgaris n-3 fatty acid desaturase optimizes the fatty acid composition of human breast cancer cells ... Gene transfer of Chlorella vulgaris n-3 fatty acid desaturase optimizes the fatty acid composition of human breast cancer cells ... Chlorella vulgaris has the gene of n-3 fatty acid desaturase (CvFad3), which can synthesize the precursor of n-3 ... The objective of the present study was to examine whether the CvFad3 gene from C. vulgaris can be functionally and efficiently ...
Chlorella vulgaris C-27 (formerly designated Chlorella ellipsoidea C-27 Tamiyas strain) was grown in M-4NA medium (9). ... The circular chloroplast DNA of Chlorella vulgaris C-27 is 150,613 bp long, and its gene map is shown in Fig. 1. The sequence ... The unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris C-27 is the organism for which the synchronous culture was first developed (9), ... Complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome from the green alga Chlorella vulgaris: The existence of genes possibly ...
Chlorella (Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Chlorella vulgaris). By is a single-celled freshwater algae. It reportedly contains a very ...
Home / Shop - Curbside Pick-up Only / Herbals - Enter the Store here / Bulk Organic Herbs / Chlorella Powder (C vulgaris) - ... Chlorella Powder (C vulgaris) - Bulk Herb. $4.40. Chlorella Powder (C vulgaris) - Bulk Herb quantity. ...
This study showed that plantain peel can be utilized by C. vulgaris which provides a feasible route of reducing production cost ... The result indicated that C. vulgaris utilized PPE medium as a sole carbon substrate and stimulated the secretion of biomass. ... Unripe plantain peels were obtained, processed, infused for 48 hrs, extracted and cultivated with the Chlorella species for a ... The feasibility of nutrient uptake by Chlorella vulgaris using a cheap carbon source such as plantain peel extract was studied ...
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Chlorella vulgaris; genome-scale; reconstruction; validation; application. OSTI ... The green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris has been widely recognized as a promising candidate for biofuel production due to its ... Title: Genome-Scale Metabolic Model for the Green Alga Chlorella vulgaris UTEX 395 Accurately Predicts Phenotypes under ... Accepted Manuscript: Genome-Scale Metabolic Model for the Green Alga Chlorella vulgaris UTEX 395 Accurately Predicts Phenotypes ...
... source for the cultivation of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis. ... C. vulgaris preferred to increase the intracellular P and did not synthesize biomass, while A. platensis synthesized biomass ... Especially in the case of C. vulgaris, growth was stimulated from the presence of P-loaded zeolite and produced more biomass ... A. platensis could recover over 65% and C. vulgaris 25% of the P bounded onto zeolite. When P-loaded zeolite concentration ...
Chlorella vulgaris CCALA 896 was grown under various batch growth modes in basal and modified BG-11 and Kolkwitz culture broths ... The results demonstrated that more than 56% of the lipids can be accumulated in Chlorella biomass grown under two-phase batch ... During the pH-stress cycles, the amount of lipids did not increase significantly and a flocculation of Chlorella cells was ... The aim of this study was to induce lipid accumulation in Chlorella cells by creating stressful growth conditions. ...
Here, three such approaches for green extraction of proteins from Chlorella vulgaris were evaluated: ultrasound, freeze-thawing ...
... , A. Jayshree*, ... C. vulgaris. C. reinhardtii. C. vulgaris. C. reinhardtii. 62 125 250 500 1000. 8.17±0.19. 11.53±0.27. 27.01±0.63. 62.97±1.47. ... Chlorella vulgaris and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: Effective Antioxidant, Antibacterial and Anticancer Mediators. A. Jayshree*, ... Chlorella vulgaris is a single-celled eukaryotic green micro algae, known to be first form of a plant with a well-defined ...
Generally, application of Chlorella vulgaris to either seed or soil before planting resulted in increase in plant growth ... Soil amended with Chlorella vulgaris showed maximum organic matter (9.48%) and phosphorus (8.55 mg/ml) concentrations. The ... This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Chlorella vulgaris (bio-fertilizer), NPK and poultry manure on the ... Results of this study thus suggest that Chlorella vulgaris (bio-fertilizer) is a veritable biotechnological agent for improved ...
... vulgaris var. vulgaris; ATCC 16487; CAUP H 1917 , Also Known As: formerly C. vulgaris var. viridis (Starr & Zeikus 1987); C. ... Chlorella vulgaris , Media: Proteose Medium , Origin: , Description of Location: , Collection: , Isolation: R. Chodat , ... The names of the Chlorella strains given in the last list of cultures (Starr & Zeikus 1987) were based primarily upon the ... vulgaris; ATCC 16487; CAUP H 1917. Also Known As:. formerly C. vulgaris var. viridis (Starr & Zeikus 1987); C. infusionum ( ...
... and mixotrophic modes of cultivation on lipid and biomass production in Chlorella vulgaris.(RESEARCH ARTICLE, Report) by ... Chlorella vulgaris is fast-growing green microalga which produces high levels of biomass and lipids under natural conditions. [ ... 24.] Liang Y, Sarkany N, Cui Y Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under autotrophic, heterotrophic and ... Simple assay for antitumour immunoactive glycoprotein derived from Chlorella vulgaris strain CK22 using ELISA. Phytother Res ...
Identification of Antihypertensive Peptides from Peptic Digest of Two Microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis * ... Identification of Antihypertensive Peptides from Peptic Digest of Two Microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis . ... Key words:Chlorella vulgaris, Spirulina platensis, peptic digest, peptide, angiotensin I-converting enzyme, spontaneously ... Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis, by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. Oral administration of peptidic ...
... ... a fully compartmentalized metabolic network was developed to describe the metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris based on known ... Roya Parichehreh, Reza Gheshlaghi, Mahmood Akhavan Mahdavi, Ali Elkamel (2019). Optimization of lipid production in Chlorella ... vulgaris for biodiesel production using flux balance analysis. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/14119. ...
Green algae Chlorella vulgaris. Reference. Anastasios Melis, Solar energy conversion efficiencies in photosynthesis: Minimizing ... absorption cross-section of photosystem-II and the minimum quantum requirement for photosynthesis in Chlorella vulgaris, ...
Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from the sediment of the pond is able to produce molecular hydrogen in a clean way. ... Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from the sediment of the pond is able to produce molecular hydrogen in a clean way. ... Biological hydrogen production by the algal biomass Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from pond sediment Bioresour ... The anaerobic fermentation by C. vulgaris MSU 01 strain involved in the conversion process of complex carbon source has ...
... the accumulation of protein and saccharide as growth of Chlorella . vulgaris was determined at 24~26℃ and room light; in the ... vulgaris. The maximal growth (the highest cell density of 6.46 ×107 cells/L)and accumulation(655.4 mg protein/g dry weight,and ... vulgaris vere investigated under the same conditions by means of orthogonal design test. The results showed that the synthesis ... 168.1 mg saccharide/g dry weight)of the protein and saccharides in C.vulgaris were obtained at the following nutrient ...
Smart-BioreAl: Innovative cultivation of the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris in a"smart" photobioreactor using micro- ... The project intends to create, use and share state of the art knowledge in the cultivation of Chlorellavulgaris in an ... vulgaris ingreenhouse on the basis of laboratory results and analysis of biomass quality (ELGO-DIMITRA, INALE);(c) create a ... vulgaris cultivation protocols for optimal growth andproduction of the desired chemical components for their use in nutrition, ...
Effect of different densities of live and dead Chlorella vulgaris on the population growth of rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus ... The present work is based on the effect of live and dead Chlorella vulgaris on the population growth of Brachionus calyciflorus ... El presente trabajo analiza el efecto de Chlorella vulgaris viva y muerta sobre el crecimiento poblacional de Brachionus ... Clonal populations of both these species were established using the single celled green algae Chlorella vulgaris. For mass ...
Genome-scale metabolic model for the green alga Chlorella vulgaris UTEX 395 accurately predicts phenotypes under autotrophic, ...
Product: 100 % Chlorella vulgaris without any additives. Date of analysis: 24.06.2004. Protein 65,0 %. Fat 14,5 %. ... Analysis of vital substances of Chlorella vulgaris ...
Chlorella vulgaris and Phaeodactylum tricornutum, differing in their biochemical composition fundamentally. In case of P. ... Pressurized extraction of unsaturated fatty acids and carotenoids from wet Chlorella vulgaris and Phaeodactylum tricornutum ... For C. vulgaris, a fatty acid yield of 76.5% w/w was achieved from wet biomass using ethyl acetate at 150°C. In general, an ...
Isolation of Lipid High-yielding Chlorella vulgaris Mutants by UV Irradiation - microalgae;Chlorella vulgaris;lipid;ultra ... Chlorella vulgaris, a genus of single-cell green algae, is considered to be a very essential resource for the higher value- ... Effect of temperature, light intensity and pH on the growth rate of Chlorella vulgaris. Journal of KSEE. 33, 511-515. ... Isolation of Lipid High-yielding Chlorella vulgaris Mutants by UV Irradiation. Jeong, Haeng Soon; Choi, Min Kyung; Choi, Tae-O ...
The effects of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiencies and nitrite addition on the lipid content of Chlorella vulgaris ( ... The effect of 50% N, 100% N, 50% N plus 50% P and 50% P deficiencies and nitrite addition were treated on Chlorella vulgaris ( ... The effects of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiencies and nitrite addition on the lipid content of Chlorella vulgaris ( ...
  • The green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris has been widely recognized as a promising candidate for biofuel production due to its ability to store high lipid content and its natural metabolic versatility. (osti.gov)
  • Among two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris had efficiently high amount of total phenol and flavonoid content. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Besides being food supplements microalgae, Chlorella sp. (ijpsonline.com)
  • The peptidic fractions that inhibited angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) were separated from the peptic digests of 2 microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis, by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. (springer.com)
  • For C. vulgaris, a fatty acid yield of 76.5% w/w was achieved from wet biomass using ethyl acetate at 150°C. In general, an increase in the extraction temperature up to 150°C was found to be important in terms of fatty acid yield when extracting wet microalgae biomass. (fraunhofer.de)
  • CO2 capture from air by Chlorella vulgaris microalgae in an airlift photobioreactor. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Statistical evaluation and modeling of cheap substrate-based cultivation medium of Chlorella vulgaris to enhance microalgae lipid as new potential feedstock for biolubricant. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Chlorella is a freshwater green microalgae. (kdiingredients.com)
  • Microalgae of the genus Chlorella vulgaris are candidates for the production of lipids for biofuel production. (ist.ac.at)
  • This paper presents an exploratory study that evaluated the feasibility of using the residual of soybeans softening, as a culture medium for the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris , yielding excellent values ​​for maximum cell density (Kmax 360 x 106 cells .mL-1). (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of this work was to correlate metabolic changes with copper ions (Cu +2 ) bioremediation by microalgae C . vulgaris 097 CCMA-UFSCar at low Cu +2 content. (bioinfor.com)
  • Parameters measured were the growth of Chlorella vulgaris include cell density, growth rate, chlorophyll content and amount of IAA in the microalgae. (uinsgd.ac.id)
  • Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the effect of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris (C. Vulgaris) supplementation on inflammatory factors in patients with NAFLD. (ac.ir)
  • Based on above perspectives a comparative study was conducted on three local freshwater microalgae:Chlorella vulgaris, Spirulina platensis and Scenedesmus quadricauda to evaluate their effects on nitrate and phosphorus removal from municipal wastewater sludge (MWS). (iium.edu.my)
  • Spirulina platensis was shown as the most efficient microalgae to reduce nitrate in MWS and the best-growing among the three strains, while Chlorella vulgaris removed phosphorus the most effectively. (iium.edu.my)
  • Effects of Spirulina platensis (SP) and Chlorella vulgaris (CV) microalgae, singly and combined, on hematological parameters in diabetic rats are not still studied. (ac.ir)
  • Green microalgae are shown to have a variety of compositions including some with simple distributions of sterols dominated by the C 29 sterol 24-ethylcholest-5-en-3β-ol (sitosterol) more commonly associated with higher plants. (springer.com)
  • Chlorella (Chlorella pyrenoidosa) supplementation decreases dioxin and increases immunoglobulin a concentrations in breast milk. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Chlorella pyrenoidosa Supplementation Reduces the Risk of Anemia, Proteinuria and Edema in Pregnant Women. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Ask for Chlorella pyrenoidosa or Chlorella vulgaris. (ehow.com)
  • 4.Do not contain any impurities,100% Chlorella Pyrenoidosa Broken Powder pressed into tablets. (misfire.us)
  • Investigation of autotrophic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic modes of cultivation on lipid and biomass production in Chlorella vulgaris. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In the present study, we investigate the effect of autotrophic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic growth conditions on C. vulgaris growth, biomass production and productivity, and also biomass composition including the total lipid and protein analyses during three different types of cultivation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Results showed that the biomass production of C. vulgaris in dairy wastewater can be enhanced by pretreatment and using supplementation with synthetic media. (springeropen.com)
  • At 1000 µg/ml concentration of extract, C. vulgaris and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii exhibited 92.57 and 83.38% diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity and 97.90 and 82.74% total antioxidant potency. (ijpsonline.com)
  • 2-4] C vulgaris extract can stimulate the synthesis of collagen in the skin and reduce wrinkles. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to examine the morphological changes in E. coli induced by diethyl ether extract of C. vulgaris . (alliedacademies.org)
  • Chlorella vulgaris extract (CVE) was examined for its chelating effects on the myelosuppression induced by lead in Listeria monocytogenes-infected mice. (unicamp.br)
  • Results: A very good catalytic activity of the synthesized Pd nanoparticles from green alga Chlorella vulgaris extract was observed. (eurekaselect.com)
  • These extracts contain "chlorella growth factor," which is described as a water-soluble extract of chlorella containing chemicals including amino acids, peptides, proteins, vitamins, sugars, and nucleic acids. (webmd.com)
  • Early research shows that taking chlorella tablets plus chlorella liquid extract might help people with a type of brain tumor called glioma better tolerate chemotherapy and radiation treatments. (webmd.com)
  • Early research shows that taking chlorella extract tablets for 6 weeks, in addition to already prescribed antidepressant medications, may improve some symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with major depression disorder. (webmd.com)
  • Some people with fibromyalgia say they feel better when they take chlorella tablets plus a liquid extract containing malic acid daily for 2 months. (webmd.com)
  • Chlorella-derived multicomponent supplementation decreases arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older individuals. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Chlorella supplementation could decrease the severity of pain and systemic symptoms in women with primary dysmenorrhea. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Chlorella supplementation detoxifies heterocyclic amines in young Korean adults. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • To identify innovative ways for better utilizing flushed dairy manure wastewater, we have assessed the effect of dairy manure and supplementation with synthetic medium on the growth of Chlorella vulgaris . (springeropen.com)
  • These findings suggest that, after stopping cadmium supply , chlorella supplementation, regardless of its percentage, might not improve cadmium detoxification from the body in growing rats . (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Chlorella vulgaris supplementation on liver enzymes, serum glucose and lipid profile in patients with NAFLD. (ac.ir)
  • Conclusion: C.vulgaris supplementation could improve liver function through decreasing weight , liver enzymes and hs-CRP concentrations after 8 weeks. (ac.ir)
  • For this purpose, a microwave-assisted heating system was used for WT of microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 at different reaction temperatures (160, 170, and 180 °C) and durations (5, 10, and 30 min). (ncku.edu.tw)
  • viridis Chodat includes: Chlorella vulgaris Beijerink IAM C-27 formerly Chlorella ellipsoidea Gerneck IAM C-27 Duval B., Margulis L. (1995). (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorella vulgaris C-27 (formerly designated Chlorella ellipsoidea C-27 Tamiya's strain) was grown in M-4NA medium ( 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • Chlorella vulgaris, Ch.ellipsoidea, Ch.py-renoidosa. (misfire.us)
  • In this study, zeolite was employed for the separation and recovery of P from synthetic wastewater and its use as phosphorus (P) source for the cultivation of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis . (mdpi.com)
  • Effects of crude phytopigments extracted from Spirulina platensis and Chlorella vulgaris on the angiogenesis of chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). (edu.ph)
  • Assim, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo o estudo de dois micro-organismos fotossintetizantes, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis e Chlorella vulgaris , como fonte de moléculas com ação fotoprotetora. (usp.br)
  • Thus, this research aimed to study two photosynthetic microorganisms, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Chlorella vulgaris , as a source of molecules with sunscreen action. (usp.br)
  • Here, we describe the reconstruction, validation, and application of a genome-scale metabolic model for C. vulgaris UTEX 395, iCZ843. (osti.gov)
  • In this toxicological investigation, algal model C. vulgaris demonstrated to be a valuable bioindicator of SPION toxicity. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the maximum population density of B. patulus under live or or heat-killed Chlorella was similar at comparable algal levels but when offered frozen algae it was four times less. (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Algal growth was Chlorella vulgaris investigated with and without addition of macro and micronutrients to the cultivation medium. (deepdyve.com)
  • In a previous report, the growth of Zea mays was improved with two strains of Chlorella sp. (scirp.org)
  • The names of the Chlorella strains given in the last list of cultures (Starr & Zeikus 1987) were based primarily upon the taxonomic treatments of Kessler & Maifarth (1960), Kessler & Soeder (1962), Fott & Novakova (1969) and Kessler (1976). (utex.org)
  • However, adding the Chlorella vulgaris algae caused the tested Lactobacillus brevis strains to be protected from dying. (pttz.org)
  • It was found that the survival of all the tested Lactobacillus brevis strains cultured in the presence of Chlorella vulgaris after 48 h of incubation was higher in the presence of 10 % sodium chloride than in the case of 5 % NaCl. (pttz.org)
  • The proteins content of C. vulgaris varies from 42 to 58% of its biomass dry weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total chlorophyll, carbohydrates, proteins and lipids were also increased on application of Chlorella vulgaris to soil or seed. (scirp.org)
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the potential of using glycerol and glucose as a complex carbon substrate to produce microalgal biomass and biochemical components, such as photosynthetic pigments, lipids, soluble carbohydrates and proteins by Chlorella vulgaris . (com.hr)
  • Chlorella is a high-calorie food source, especially proteins. (xtend-life.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris is a single-celled eukaryotic green micro algae, known to be first form of a plant with a well-defined nucleus emerged over 2 billion years ago [ 1 ]. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Clonal populations of both these species were established using the single celled green algae Chlorella vulgaris . (scielo.sa.cr)
  • Chlorella Vulgaris is a commonly present green alga that is present in freshwater in the form of a single-celled organism with greater photosynthetic efficiency. (iaras.org)
  • According to the report, the global chlorella market was valued at around USD 49 million in 2017 and is expected to reach approximately USD 68 million by 2024, growing at a CAGR of around 5.0% between 2018 and 2024. (globenewswire.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris is a species of green microalga in the Division Chlorophyta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The world annual production of the various species of Chlorella was 2000 tonnes (dry weight) in 2009, with the main producers being Germany, Japan and Taiwan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many researchers have reported the medicinal effects of Chlorella species including reducing the blood glucose in diabetic mice and lowering the blood pressure and lipids, anticancer effects, and also cerebral strokes. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Unlike NR isolated from other species, the exons which code for the functional domains of C. vulgaris are separated by introns. (duke.edu)
  • Organic Chlorella is a species of green algae that grows in freshwater. (syextract.com)
  • Chlorella is a genus of green algae that contains about six species, with C. vulgaris being one the most commercially important. (xtend-life.com)
  • Chlorella species have cellular bodies known as chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll, which provide them with their green color. (xtend-life.com)
  • The results demonstrated that more than 56% of the lipids can be accumulated in Chlorella biomass grown under two-phase batch growth conditions. (mdpi.com)
  • During the pH-stress cycles, the amount of lipids did not increase significantly and a flocculation of Chlorella cells was noted. (mdpi.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris is fast-growing green microalga which produces high levels of biomass and lipids under natural conditions. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The quality of the C. vulgaris biomass was evaluated from a biochemical point of view, determining protein concentration, carbohydrates and lipids concentration in the exponential phase of growth , whose accumulation is favored, depending on the MF application protocol, while the lipid concentration is maximum if the MF is applied during the stationary phase, with values from 1.70 ±0.02 to 3.48 ±0.03 pg cell . (bvsalud.org)
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Chlorella vulgaris (bio-fertilizer), NPK and poultry manure on the microbiological, biometric and biochemical properties of Telfairia occidentalis and its rhizosphere soil after forty days of planting. (scirp.org)
  • A series of experiments were carried out to study the impacts of pretreatment of dairy wastewater and the benefits of supplementing dairy manure wastewater with synthetic medium on C. vulgaris growth increment and the ultrastructure (chloroplast, starch, lipid, and cell wall) of C. vulgaris cells. (springeropen.com)
  • The C. vulgaris growth in both synthetic medium and manure wastewater without supplementing synthetic medium was lower than the growth in dairy manure supplemented with synthetic medium. (springeropen.com)
  • 2010 ) tested a semi-continuous C. vulgaris cultivation system for treating diluted (×20) digested and undigested dairy manure showing 50-90 % reductions of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous. (springeropen.com)
  • This study aimed to indentify influence of varying concentrations filtrate from manure on growth and amount of IAA in Chlorella vulgaris. (uinsgd.ac.id)
  • The results showed that various concentrations of filtrate from the manure can affect the growth of C. vulgaris more than control treatment. (uinsgd.ac.id)
  • Markou G, Depraetere O, Vandamme D, Muylaert K. Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris and Arthrospira platensis with Recovered Phosphorus from Wastewater by Means of Zeolite Sorption. (mdpi.com)
  • Soil amended with Chlorella vulgaris showed maximum organic matter (9.48%) and phosphorus (8.55 mg/ml) concentrations. (scirp.org)
  • At the beginning of the 1990s, German scientists noticed the high protein content of C. vulgaris and began to consider it as a new food source. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, despite its high protein content, C. vulgaris is not yet widely incorporated in food products. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. vulgaris is well determined nutrient-dense superfood containing 60% protein, 18 amino acids, 20 vitamins and minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium and phosphorous [ 4 ]. (ijpsonline.com)
  • in the second experiment,effects of different concentrations of nutrients on the growth and protein and saccharide contents is C. vulgaris vere investigated under the same conditions by means of orthogonal design test. (cnki.com.cn)
  • The results showed that the synthesis and accumulation of protein and saccharide occurred in the stationary phase of C. vulgaris. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Chlorella vulgaris, a genus of single-cell green algae, is considered to be a very essential resource for the higher value-added business including functional food and biodiesel, due to its high contents of protein, carbohydrate and lipid. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • The effect of 50% N, 100% N, 50% N plus 50% P and 50% P deficiencies and nitrite addition were treated on Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorophyceae) was studied in laboratory conditions with the aim to determine the effects of the deficient nutrient and different nitrogen sources on lipid and protein contents. (ajol.info)
  • Mixotrophic cultivation of Chlorella for local protein production using agro-food by-products. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Chlorella contains concentrated levels of protein (with all the essential amino acids) and essential fats, along with complex carbohydrates, fibre, vitamins and minerals including antioxidants, carotenoids (especially lutein) and nucleic acids. (kdiingredients.com)
  • Chlorella is a source of high quality, easily digested vegetarian protein. (kdiingredients.com)
  • Besides that, Chlorella vulgaris is marketed as protein and vitamin rich food additive. (ist.ac.at)
  • Investigators have found that dried preparation of chlorella can contain from 7% to 88% protein, 6% to 38% carbohydrate , and 7% to 75% fat . (webmd.com)
  • A phylogenetic analysis of 45 protein-coding genes common to all cpDNAs sequenced thus far, except those of Chlorella and Guillardia , indicates that the primary chloroplasts of glaucocystophytes evolved before the divergence of the red and green algae and that the secondary chloroplasts of heterokonts were derived from a red alga ( 14 ). (pnas.org)
  • In Alan Dean Foster's short story, "Village of the Chosen", published in The Best of Omni in 1983, a pair of scientists engineer a strain of Chlorella to be in symbiosis with humans, so humans can become photosynthetic. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. vulgaris MCCS AB127 strain was isolated from soil samples collected from the rice fields in Marvdasht city, Fars province, located at the south of Iran, and cultured on BG-11 culture medium. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from the sediment of the pond is able to produce molecular hydrogen in a clean way. (nih.gov)
  • The anaerobic fermentation by C. vulgaris MSU 01 strain involved in the conversion process of complex carbon source has increased the H(2) evolution rate and higher butyrate concentration in the fermentate. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this research study was to determine the effect of Chlorella vulgaris on the survival of Lactobacillus brevis under adverse environmental conditions (high concentrations of sodium chloride) using a plate and turbidimetric method. (pttz.org)
  • Mixotrophic cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris using industrial dairy waste as organic carbon source. (semanticscholar.org)
  • article{Abreu2012MixotrophicCO, title={Mixotrophic cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris using industrial dairy waste as organic carbon source. (semanticscholar.org)
  • C. vulgaris is a green eukaryotic microalga in the genus Chlorella, which has been present on earth since the Precambrian period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though interesting, information on chloroplast DNA from the genus Chlorella was fragmentary. (pnas.org)
  • The effects of CuCl2 and 12 Cu(II) complexes on reduction of chlorophyll content in statically cultivated green alga Chlorella vulgaris and inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport in spinach chloroplasts were studied. (schk.sk)
  • Chlorella has a photosynthetic efficiency of up to eight percent, which is comparable to the most efficient traditional crops. (xtend-life.com)
  • Toxicity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) was investigated on Chlorella vulgaris cells exposed during 72 hours to Fe 3 O 4 (SPION-1), Co 0.2 Zn 0.8 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-2), or Co 0.5 Zn 0.5 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-3) to a range of concentrations from 12.5 to 400 μ g mL −1 . (hindawi.com)
  • In the present study, the green alga Chlorella vulgaris was used as a unicellular plant model organism for the toxicity characterisation of Fe 3 O 4 (SPION-1), Co 0.2 Zn 0.8 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-2), and Co 0.5 Zn 0.5 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-3). (hindawi.com)
  • Amelioration of arsenic toxicity in rice: Comparative effect of inoculation of Chlorella vulgaris and Nannochloropsis sp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To evaluate the removal of potassium cyanide (KCN) and its toxicity in algae, an initial comprehensive analysis was performed with Chlorella vulgaris. (usda.gov)
  • In the current study, histopathology, serum biomarkers and cytokine gene expression were comparatively examined in fish fed with a control diet or diets containing Chlorella vulgaris (Ch) after exposure to sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with the aim of evaluating the protective role of Ch against arsenite-induced toxicity. (elsevier.com)
  • Moreover, effects of KCN on growth, cellular morphology and antioxidant defense system of C. vulgaris were evaluated. (usda.gov)
  • They exploit the autotrophic, heterotrophic or mixotrophic properties of C. vulgaris. (wikipedia.org)
  • For mass cultures as well as for experiments, we used C. vulgaris , raised on Bold's basal medium (Borowitzka and Borowitzka 1988). (scielo.sa.cr)
  • This study is a first outcome of a series of works on immobilized cultures of Chlorella vulgaris. (usda.gov)
  • Purchase chlorella cultures from a reputable vendor. (ehow.com)
  • Put the chlorella cultures into the glass containers according to the packaging instructions. (ehow.com)
  • It would be an advantage for the management of commercial cultures of Chlorella depending on the biomass final use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Initially, were evaluated sources of nitrogen (ammonium sulfate, sodium nitrate and urea) and different concentrations theirs in C. vulgaris cultures, using Erlenmeyer flasks, and for both microorganisms were carried out experiments in tubular reactors. (usp.br)
  • The complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome (150,613 bp) from the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris C-27 has been determined. (pnas.org)
  • The unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris C-27 is the organism for which the synchronous culture was first developed ( 9 ), and this synchronous system has long been used for studies of the cell cycle from physiological and biochemical aspects ( 10 ). (pnas.org)
  • Beneficial immunomodulatory properties of the green micro-algae (mainly Chlorella vulgaris) were discovered and its potential for use in human medicine was reported. (fu-berlin.de)
  • The digestibility and biological value of C. vulgaris was enhanced by ultrasonic treatment and reduced by electroporation, thus ultrasonication may be a helpful technological process in processing of the green micro-algae in food industry. (fu-berlin.de)
  • Extraction yields and fatty acid profiles from freeze-dried Chlorella vulgaris by microwave pretreatment followed by supercritical carbon dioxide (MW-SCCO2) extraction were compared with those obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction alone (SCCO2). (journaldatabase.info)
  • The fresh water green alga Chlorella vulgaris, was used as the test system (organism). (europa.eu)
  • Use a CO2-generator, such as tablets or aerosol systems, to keep CO2 in the mineral water--the chlorella will need the CO2 to survive, just as people need oxygen. (ehow.com)
  • The subjects were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 1) "intervention" (n=30) received 400 mg/day vitamin E plus four 300 mg tablets of Chlorella vulgaris and, 2) "placebo" (n=30) received 400 mg/day vitamin E and four placebo tablets per day for 8 weeks. (ac.ir)
  • Early research shows that taking chlorella tablets for 6 weeks might strengthen the immune system . (webmd.com)
  • In this research removal of NH3-N, NO3-N and PO4-P nutrients from municipal wastewater was studied, using Chlorella vulgaris, Pseudomonas putida, Bacillus cereus and an artificial consortium of them. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 6.In the 2001 ,Our product the chlorella powder identified as national new products by Ministry of Science and Technology. (misfire.us)
  • Chlorella is a type of green algae that is oftentimes found as a fine powder. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • Chlorella powder is typically enjoyed in spice blends, added to culinary dishes and smoothies, mixed into juices, tinctured, or encapsulated. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • C. vulgaris is marketed as dietary supplement, additive, as colourant or food emulsion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate if dietary Chlorella vulgaris ( chlorella ) intake would be effective on cadmium (Cd) detoxification in rats fed dietary Cd. (bvsalud.org)
  • After given Cd containing diet , food intake , calorie intake, body weight change , body weight gain/calorie intake, organ weights and fat pad weights were not influenced by dietary chlorella intake. (bvsalud.org)
  • 12.The rich dietary fibers found in the Chlorella at night can assists with defecation overnight. (misfire.us)
  • 14.Working/ Studying during the day may lead to a lack of vegetables and fruits in your diets, therefore Chlorella at night replenishes dietary fibers and assist in internal cleansing. (misfire.us)
  • A recipe combining pretreated dairy wastewater (40 %) and synthetic medium (60 %) exhibited an improved growth of C. vulgaris . (springeropen.com)
  • The effects of dairy wastewater on the ultrastructure of C. vulgaris cells were distinct compared to that of cells grown in synthetic medium. (springeropen.com)
  • Thus Spirulina and Chlorella could be potential candidates by showing their intrinsic merit for the reduction of phosphate and nitrate in wastewater treatment. (iium.edu.my)
  • If you cannot use the chlorella you've grown all at once, let the water evaporate and place the dry chlorella in sealed containers. (ehow.com)
  • Most of the chlorella that is available in the U.S. is grown in Japan or Taiwan. (webmd.com)
  • Lipid Production from a Louisiana Native Chlorella vulgaris/Leptolyngbya sp. (lsu.edu)
  • And chlorella intake did not significantly facilitate renal and intestinal MT synthesis and urinary Cd excretion. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion: Catalytic activity of the Pd nanoparticle synthesized from Chlorella vulagris in the synthesis of N-aryl piperazines by Buchwald-Hartwig reaction is reported first time to the best of our knowledge and understanding. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The project intends to create, use and share state of the art knowledge in the cultivation of Chlorellavulgaris in an innovative low-cost photobioreactor (PBR) using micro-bubble technology. (ilsp.gr)
  • The objective of the present study was to examine whether the CvFad3 gene from C. vulgaris can be functionally and efficiently expressed in human breast cancer cells and whether its expression can exert a significant effect on cell fatty acid composition. (doaj.org)
  • In addition under P limitation, C. vulgaris did display some little alteration of the biomass composition, while A. platensis did it significantly, accumulating carbohydrates around 70% from about 15%-20% (control). (mdpi.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris and Phaeodactylum tricornutum, differing in their biochemical composition fundamentally. (fraunhofer.de)
  • Growth parameters and biochemical composition of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris cultivated under different mixotrophic conditions were determined and compared to those obtained from a photoautotrophic control culture. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Currently, there is only one study concerning the toxic effects of Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles (35 nm) on the green alga Chlorella vulgaris treated 72 h to a nominal concentration range from 200 to 1600 μ g mL −1 . (hindawi.com)
  • One-month plant seedlings were treated with 100mM and 1M concentration of NaCl along with C. Vulgaris and observed for two weeks' period. (iaras.org)
  • Additionally, activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was promoted by KCN exposure among 0.1-50 mg L⁻ ¹ and inhibited by 100 mg L⁻ ¹ KCN, while the malondialdehyde (MDA) content gradually decreased in C. vulgaris with increasing exposure concentration compared to the control. (usda.gov)
  • The two-stage cultivation strategy achieved a maximum C. vulgaris biomass concentration of 3.45 g L−1 and lipid productivity of 43.70 mg L−1 day−1, which are 1.85 and 1.64 times those arising due to simple photoautotrophy, respectively. (chromoscience.com)
  • Chlorella is a green algae known for its high concentration of essential nutrients and vitamins. (ehow.com)
  • Cu +2 , even at low concentration, showed a significant negative impact on C . vulgaris growth. (bioinfor.com)
  • Thus, the analysis of C . vulgaris proteomic data indicated that even at low concentration, Cu +2 lead to drastic metabolic changes. (bioinfor.com)
  • It was found that in the set of Cu(II) cuprates, the inhibitory activity of the compound concerning reduction of chlorophyll content in Ch. vulgaris strongly depended on the applied amino acid and decreased in the following order: β-alanine, α-alanine, phenylalanine, valine. (schk.sk)
  • Moreover, an analysis of the product's fatty acid profile indicates that C. vulgaris might be an ideal candidate for two-stage mixotrophic cultivation of a renewable biomass for use in biodiesel applications. (chromoscience.com)
  • 2004). In this study, a two-stage method of mixotrophic cultivation of C. vulgaris has been treated in detail. (chromoscience.com)
  • A.C. Ley, D. Mauzerall, Absolute absorption cross-section of photosystem-II and the minimum quantum requirement for photosynthesis in Chlorella vulgaris, Biochim. (harvard.edu)
  • C. vulgaris constitutes an excellent candidate for production due to its high resistance against rough conditions and invading organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, it can be concluded that extracts of C. vulgaris , have the potential to be explored for antibiotic production. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Through a "state of the art" production process, the digestibility and absorption is increased up to 80% compared to that of traditionally processed Chlorella. (kdiingredients.com)
  • It's possible immunogenicity raises concerns as to the use of C. vulgaris for production of pharmaceutical glycoproteins. (ist.ac.at)
  • Normally, in the mass production of chlorella, mechanical arms turn in the tubs of water holding chlorella, which incorporates CO2 into the water. (ehow.com)
  • Moreover, in the case of Lactobacillus brevis ŁOCK 0944 and ŁOCK 0992 no statistically significant differences were reported between the control sample containing bacteria plus Chlorella vulgaris and the tested sample with bacteria, algae and 10 % sodium chloride added in the 48th hour of incubation. (pttz.org)
  • In the present study, a fully compartmentalized metabolic network was developed to describe the metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris based on known enzymatic reactions and typical metabolic pathways of green algae. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • Chlorella may be useful to control the body weight and improve lipid metabolism in menopausal women. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • One of its unique properties is a phytonutrient called Chlorella Growth Factor [ 1 ]. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Furthermore, Chlorella Growth Factor (CGF) has fascinating regenerative effects and stimulates peristalsis in the bowels. (globenewswire.com)
  • Chlorella vulgaris NR mRNA levels are very responsive to changes in nitrogen source. (duke.edu)
  • Additional benefits of chlorella include the management of body weight and heavy metals. (xtend-life.com)
  • After 72 hours of exposure to various nominal test concentrations of disodium 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol (CAS No. 302-17-0) to freshwater green alga Chlorella vulgaris, EC50 was found to be >200 mg/l graphically through probit analysis. (europa.eu)