Chlordan: A highly poisonous organochlorine insecticide. The EPA has cancelled registrations of pesticides containing this compound with the exception of its use through subsurface ground insertion for termite control and the dipping of roots or tops of non-food plants. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Heptachlor: A man-made compound previously used to control termites and other insects. Even though production of heptachlor was phased out of use in the United States during the late 1980's it remains in soil and hazardous waste sites. It is clearly toxic to animals and humans but, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that heptachlor is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans. (From ATSDR Public Heath Statement, April 1989)Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated: Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.Toxaphene: A very complex, but reproducible mixture of at least 177 C10 polychloro derivatives, having an approximate overall empirical formula of C10-H10-Cl8. It is used as an insecticide and may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Aldrin: A highly poisonous substance that was formerly used as an insecticide. The manufacture and use has been discontinued in the U.S. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Heptachlor Epoxide: An oxidation product of HEPTACHLOR formed by many plants and animals, including humans, after exposure to HEPTACHLOR. It has been shown to remain in soil treated with HEPTACHLOR for over fifteen years and is toxic to animals and humans. (From ATSDR Public Heath Statement, April 1989)Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Lindane: An organochlorine insecticide that has been used as a pediculicide and a scabicide. It has been shown to cause cancer.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Mirex: An organochlorine insecticide that is carcinogenic.Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.Chlorine: A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Chlorine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain chlorine as an integral part of the molecule.EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Phosmet: An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.Trichlorfon: An organochlorophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide for the control of flies and roaches. It is also used in anthelmintic compositions for animals. (From Merck, 11th ed)Monocrotophos: An organophosphate insecticide that inhibits monoamine oxidase and acetylcholinesterase. It has been shown to be genotoxic.Phosphamidon: An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.Mevinphos: An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.Tetrachlorvinphos: An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide. It has low mammalian toxicity. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Naled: An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.Chlordiazepoxide: An anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties. It has also been used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Benzodiazepines: A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.GABA Modulators: Substances that do not act as agonists or antagonists but do affect the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptor-ionophore complex. GABA-A receptors (RECEPTORS, GABA-A) appear to have at least three allosteric sites at which modulators act: a site at which BENZODIAZEPINES act by increasing the opening frequency of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-activated chloride channels; a site at which BARBITURATES act to prolong the duration of channel opening; and a site at which some steroids may act. GENERAL ANESTHETICS probably act at least partly by potentiating GABAergic responses, but they are not included here.Meprobamate: A carbamate with hypnotic, sedative, and some muscle relaxant properties, although in therapeutic doses reduction of anxiety rather than a direct effect may be responsible for muscle relaxation. Meprobamate has been reported to have anticonvulsant actions against petit mal seizures, but not against grand mal seizures (which may be exacerbated). It is used in the treatment of ANXIETY DISORDERS, and also for the short-term management of INSOMNIA but has largely been superseded by the BENZODIAZEPINES. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p603)

Altered bcl-2 family expression during non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogenesis in mice. (1/44)

Dysregulation of apoptosis is an important component of multistage hepatocarcinogenesis. Members of the bcl-2 protein family are important in the regulation of apoptosis and their expression is altered in several cancers. The objectives of the present study were to determine whether the expression of members of the bcl-2 protein family are altered in mouse liver during acute treatment with non-genotoxic carcinogens and throughout non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogenesis. Acute treatment of B6C3F1 mice with phenobarbital resulted in increased levels of bcl-2 and decreased levels of bax protein, while acute treatment with WY-14,643 resulted in increased bcl-2 and BAG-1 protein in the liver. Following chronic treatment, altered hepatic foci and adenomas were classified as: small-cell, heterogeneous basophilic lesions (spontaneous or tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induced); large-cell, homogeneous basophilic lesions (WY-14,643-induced); acidophilic lesions (phenobarbital- or chlordane-induced). Of the small-cell heterogeneous basophilic lesions, 86% of foci (31/36) and 85% of adenomas (35/41) exhibited increased bcl-2 protein levels compared with surrounding normal hepatocytes, whereas only 12.5% of foci (4/36) and 12% of adenomas (5/41) exhibited increased bcl-X(L) levels. Of the large-cell, homogenous, basophilic lesions, 100% of foci (3/3) and 90% of adenomas (9/10) expressed bcl-2 protein, whereas 100% of foci (3/3) and 80% of adenomas (8/10) exhibited increased bcl-X(L) protein levels compared with surrounding normal hepatocytes. Of the acidophilic lesions, the majority of foci (28/32, 88%) and adenomas (47/50, 94%) expressed increased bcl-X(L), whereas increased bcl-2 was observed in only 12.5% of acidophilic preneoplastic foci (4/32) and 14% of acidophilic adenomas (7/50). Of the carcinomas analyzed, 81% expressed increased bcl-2 (54/67), 78% expressed increased bcl-X(L) (52/67) and 69% expressed increased levels of both bcl-2 and bcl-X(L) (46/67). Collectively, only 8% of preneoplastic foci, 3% of adenomas and 1.5% of carcinomas did not express either bcl-2 or bcl-X(L). These results suggest that regulation of apoptotic proteins is altered during non-genotoxic carcinogenesis in mouse liver. Furthermore, there were both chemical- and lesion-specific aspects of expression of apoptotic proteins during hepatocarcinogenesis in mice.  (+info)

Two organochlorine pesticides, toxaphene and chlordane, are antagonists for estrogen-related receptor alpha-1 orphan receptor. (2/44)

Estrogen-related receptor (ERR) alpha-1 shares a high amino acid sequence homology with estrogen receptor alpha. Although estrogens are not ligands of ERR alpha-1, our recent results suggest that toxaphene and chlordane, two organochlorine pesticides with estrogen-like activity, behave as antagonists for this orphan nuclear receptor. The two compounds increased ERR alpha-1-mediated expression of the reporter enzyme beta-galactosidase in a yeast-based assay. The screen was developed by expressing the hERR alpha-1-yeast Gal 4 activation domain fusion protein in yeast cells carrying the beta-galactosidase reporter plasmid, which contains an ERR alpha-1-binding element. In transfection experiments using mammalian cell lines, such as the SK-BR-3 breast cancer cell line, the compounds were found to have an antagonist activity against ERR alpha-1-mediated expression of the reporter chloramphenicol acetyltransferase. In contrast to the findings with ERR alpha-1, the two compounds were found to slightly induce the estrogen receptor a-mediated expression of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase in SK-BR-3 cells. In a ligand-independent manner, the ERR alpha-1 activity in SK-BR-3 cells was induced 3-fold by cotransfection with the GRIP1 coactivator expression plasmid. Toxaphene was found to be capable of suppressing the GRIP1 coactivator-induced ERR alpha-1 activity in SK-BR-3 cells. In addition, a stable ERR alpha-1 expressing HepG2 hepatoma cell line was generated, and the aromatase activity in the transfected cell line was found to be twice that in the untransfected cell line. The enzyme aromatase converts androgens to estrogens, and aromatase expression in HepG2 cells is regulated in part by an ERR alpha-1-modulating promoter. A 24-h incubation of an ERR alpha-1-transfected HepG2 cell line with 10 microM toxaphene reduced its aromatase activity to the level in the untransfected cell line. Because toxaphene is not an inhibitor of aromatase, it is thought that the decrease of the aromatase activity in ERR alpha-1 transfected HepG2 cells following toxaphene treatment resulted from a suppression of the aromatase expression by toxaphene acting as the antagonist of ERR alpha-1. Toxaphene and chlordane are among the 12 persistent organic pollutants identified by the United Nations Environment Programme as requiring urgent attention. Their antagonistic effects on ERR alpha-1 should not be overlooked.  (+info)

Embryonic treatment with xenobiotics disrupts steroid hormone profiles in hatchling red-eared slider turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). (3/44)

Many compounds in the environment capable of acting as endocrine disruptors have been assayed for their developmental effects on morphogenesis; however, few studies have addressed how such xenobiotics affect physiology. In the current study we examine the effects of three endocrine-disrupting compounds, chlordane, trans-nonachlor, and the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture Aroclor 1242, on the steroid hormone concentrations of red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) hatchlings treated in ovo. Basal steroid concentrations and steroid concentrations in response to follicle-stimulating hormone were examined in both male and female turtles treated with each of the three compounds. Treated male turtles exposed to Aroclor 1242 or chlordane exhibited significantly lower testosterone concentrations than controls, whereas chlordane-treated females had significantly lower progesterone, testosterone, and 5[alpha]-dihydrotestosterone concentrations relative to controls. The effects of these endocrine disruptors extend beyond embryonic development, altering sex-steroid physiology in exposed animals.  (+info)

trans-Nonachlor and cis-nonachlor toxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats: comparison with technical chlordane. (4/44)

cis-Nonachlor and trans-nonachlor are bioaccumulating components of the pesticide chlordane, which can be detected in various environmental biota and in humans. Existing studies have focused on the potential adverse health effects of the parent chlordane mixture. Comparable toxicity data are nonexistent for individual chlordane constituents such as trans-nonachlor, cis-nonachlor, or oxychlordane, which are among the most common chlordane-related environmental contaminants and tissue residues. In this study, rats were administered cis-nonachlor, trans-nonachlor, or technical chlordane by gavage for 28 days at doses of 0.25 to 25 mg/kg body weight. Residue analyses indicated that trans-nonachlor accumulation in adipose was greater than cis-nonachlor when rats were administered each chemical under identical conditions of dose and exposure. For all test chemicals, the major metabolite oxychlordane accumulated in adipose tissue. Adipose tissue residue levels of all test chemicals and the major metabolite were higher in female rats. The liver was a target organ in male and female rats, indicated by increased liver weight and histopathological changes consistent with microsomal enzyme induction. Hepatic changes were most pronounced in rats treated with trans-nonachlor. Elevated kidney weights and depressed organic ion transport were observed in males treated with trans-nonachlor and chlordane. Although in general, changes in target organs and clinical chemistry endpoints were similar for all 3 test chemicals, the approximate toxicity ranking from most to least toxic was trans-nonachlor > technical chlordane > cis-nonachlor.  (+info)

Role of PKC and MAP kinase in EGF- and TPA-induced connexin43 phosphorylation and inhibition of gap junction intercellular communication in rat liver epithelial cells. (5/44)

Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is involved in the regulation of many cellular processes. The gap junction channels are made up of connexins and the flow of polar low molecular weight molecules through these channels is inhibited by several groups of substances, such as tumour promoters and growth factors. The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), chlordane and the growth factor epidermal growth factor (EGF) are potent inhibitors of GJIC in several cell types, including the rat liver epithelial cell line IAR6.1. The induced inhibition of communication by TPA and EGF in IAR6.1 cells is associated with hyperphosphorylation of connexin43, the connexin responsible for GJIC. Two enzyme inhibitors, PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MEK kinase, and GF109203X, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), were used to study the signalling pathways involved in the effect of EGF and TPA on GJIC, with the following conclusions. The inhibition of cell communication in IAR6.1 cells by EGF is likely to be mediated by direct phosphorylation of connexin43 by MAP kinase. TPA blocks GJIC mainly by the direct action of PKC, but also partly through cross-talk with the MAP kinase pathway. Connexin43 hyperphosphorylation induced by TPA is, as for EGF, mediated through MAP kinase, while PKC seems to block GJIC either through other substrates or induces a type of connexin43 phosphorylation that causes no significant electrophoresis mobility shift.  (+info)

Increased concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene, and chlordanes in mothers of men with testicular cancer. (6/44)

An increasing incidence of testicular cancer has been reported from several countries in the Western world during the last decades. According to current hypothesis, testicular cancer is initiated during the fetal period, and exposure to endocrine disruptors, i.e., xenoestrogens, has been of concern. In this investigation we studied the concentrations of the sum of 38 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and chlordanes, in 61 cases with testicular cancer and 58 age-matched controls. Furthermore, case and control mothers were also asked to participate, and 44 case mothers and 45 control mothers agreed. They were of similar age. In cases only the concentration on lipid basis of cis-nonachlordane was significantly increased, whereas case mothers showed significantly increased concentrations of the sum of PCBs, HCB, trans- and cis-nonachlordane, and the sum of chlordanes. Among case mothers the sum of PCBs yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 3.8; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.4-10 was calculated using the median concentration for the control mothers as cutoff value. For HCB, OR = 4.4 (95% CI, 1.7-12); for trans-nonachlordane, OR = 4.1 (95% CI, 1.5-11); for cis-nonachlordane, OR = 3.1 (95% CI, 1.2-7.8); and for sum of chlordanes, OR = 1.9 (95% CI, 0.7-5.0). No consistent different risk pattern was found for seminoma or nonseminoma testicular cancer.  (+info)

The significance of insecticide-resistant strains; with special reference to pests of medical importance. (7/44)

The author discusses the meaning of insecticide resistance and the manner in which it should be detected and measured. From some recent data he gives a number of examples of measurements of resistance in mosquitos of different species in various areas. He then proceeds to a speculative discussion on the way in which insecticide resistance arises, whether it can be prevented and overcome, its importance in the past and at present, and finally its future prospects.  (+info)

Resistance of anopheline larvae to chlordane and dieldrin; field and laboratory tests on Anopheles sacharovi. (8/44)

The authors present the results of field and laboratory tests carried out to determine the susceptibility to DDT, chlordane, and dieldrin of Anopheles sacharovi larvae in the small coastal plain of Astros, Peloponnesus, where chlorinated-hydrocarbon insecticides have been extensively used for house spraying and for ground and air larviciding for over ten years. It was found that the larvae had recently developed a substantial degree of resistance to chlordane and dieldrin, but no appreciable larval resistance to DDT was observed, although the latter was by far the commonest of all the larvicides used in recent years.  (+info)

Velsicol Chemical Co. and the U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) announced October 1 an agreement that takes the termite-killing pesticide chlordane off the market for a time, possibly even forever. Most sales of chlordane are banned as of November 30, 1987, and all sales are banned as of April 30, 1988. However, the purpose of the ban is to allow the chemicals only manufacturer, Velsicol, to find new ways to apply the chemical beneath homes without contaminating indoor air. If Velsicol demonstrates they can do this, chlordane will be back on the market. "This only bans sale, not use," said Jay Feldman of the National Coalition Against Misuse of Pesticides, with obvious dissatisfaction. A related chemical, heptachlor is also covered by the chlordane agreement and its sales will be phased out as well. Chlordane causes cancer in laboratory mice and is listed by the EPA as a "suspected human carcinogen." It can also cause liver damage and nerve damage in exposed humans and animals. The ...
Traces of chlordane and its metabolites should be found in the brain, liver, spleen, adipose tissue and kidneys. Clinical symptoms for chlordane may include: headache, dizziness, convulsions, jaundice (yellow-tinted skin), nausea, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, pruritus (itch) and rashes. Click Solve if you believe you have solved the mystery. Otherwise, click on Suspects to continue.. Click Autopsy if you need to review the autopsy report. ...
How long do sediments stay contaminated" - Persistent chlordane concentrations in Long Island Sound sediment: Implications from chlordane, 210Pb, and 137Cs depth ...
Creative-Proteomics offer cas 39765-80-5 TRANS-NONACHLOR (13C10, 98%) 100 UG/ML IN NONANE. We are specialized in manufacturing Stabel Isotope Labeled Analytical Standard products.
But the Green Revolution he inspired has left behind a toxic legacy. In order to support the new breeds of plants produced, the agricultural industry produced hundreds of thousands of tons of pesticides a year through the 1950s, 60s, and onward. Unfortunately, it turned out that many of these pesticides contained/contain toxins and persistent organic pollutants. Things like lindane, aldrin, dieldrin, chlordane, heptachlor, and DDT - carcinogens, endocrine disruptors, bioaccumulators.. While, to the international societys credit, we did manage to ban the production and use of many of these chemicals through instruments like the Stockholm Convention, we are left with tens of thousands of tons of these compounds, idling in sometimes poorly stored containers worldwide. Africa alone has 50,000 tons of these now obsolete pesticides, which have occasionally been unintentionally released into communities by leaks and poor disposal practices.. ...
Photo: Ms. Lydia Louis]. Organochlorine insecticides (OCs) have long been used to control pests for decades. While many were banned in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s, some were still in use as late as 2010; moreover, OCs are still used in developing countries to control vector-borne illnesses. Although they have fallen out of use in the US, OCs are known to have long half-lives; they persist in the environment and the human body long after the initial exposure. For the past two decades, researchers have followed the health of more than 28,900 women whose spouse was a pesticide applicator to assess whether their proximity to OCs elevated their risk for various cancers.. Nearly 2,200 (more than 7.5 percent) of the women included in this study reported direct handling of OCs; 287 were diagnosed with cancer. Although most cancers were not associated with OC use, use of at least one OC increased the likelihood of developing glioma, especially among lindane users. Use of chlordane ...
Chronic treatment of rats with drugs and insecticides, such as phenobarbital, chlorcyclizine, phenylbutazone, chlordane and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), stimulates the in vitro hydroxylation of progesterone and other steroids by liver microsomes and markedly decreases the central depressant effects of administered steroid hormones. The decreased central depressant effect of administered progesterone in phenobarbital-pretreated rats is associated with decreased levels of progesterone and its metabolites in the brain. The ability of liver microsomal enzyme stimulators to decrease the central depressant effects of progesterone raises the possibility that liver microsomal enzyme stimulators may also alter physiologic actions of endogenous steroids in the body.. ...
Information about organic chemicals which are contaminants in water such as Benzene, Alachlor, Atrazine, Chlordane, Dioxin and Toluene.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological profile for chlordane [online]. May 1994. Available at URL: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp.asp?id=355&tid=62. 12/28/12 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological profile for heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide [online]. August 2007. Available at URL: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp.asp?id=746&tid=135. 12/28/12 Baker DB, Loo S, Barker J. Evaluation of human exposure to the heptachlor epoxide contamination of milk in Hawaii. Hawaii Med J 1991;50(3):108-18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. 2009. [online] Available at URL: https://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. 12/28/12 Dallaire F, Dewailly E, Laliberte C, Muckle G, Ayotte P. Temporal trends of organochlorine concentrations in umbilical cord blood of newborns from the lower north shore of the St. Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada). Environ Health ...
A mortality study on the carcinogenic risk among workers exposed to various organochlorine pesticides was updated from 1976 through 1987. The original study had included white male workers employed for at least 6 months before 31 December 1964 at the four facilities. The workers at the four facilities exposed to the following chemicals: chlordane (57749); heptachlor (76448) and endrin (72208); ald
Researchers funded in part by the Canadian Cancer Society have found that exposure to certain environmental contaminants may increase the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Dr John Spinelli and his research team at the B.C. Cancer Agency collected blood samples from close to 900 BC residents - half with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and half without. They found that the patients with NHL had much higher levels of environmental contaminants, specifically organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), in their blood than the cancer-free patients.. Individuals who had the highest total exposure to PCBs showed twice the risk for NHL compared to those with the lowest exposure. Furthermore, individuals with the highest levels of oxychlordane - a by-product of the pesticide chlordane - had 2.7 times the risk for developing NHL compared to those with the lowest exposure.. "We know that the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma has been rising steadily for the past 30 years worldwide, but there ...
Vol. 15 No. 10 Monday, 06 July 1998 Daily coverage of the INC-1 POPs can be found at: http://enb.iisd.org/chemical/pops1.html REPORT OF THE FIRST SESSION OF THE INC FOR AN INTERNATIONAL LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT FOR IMPLEMENTING INTERNATIONAL ACTION ON CERTAIN PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (POPs): 29 JUNE 3 JULY 1998 The first session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC-1) for an international legally binding instrument for implementing international action on certain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) was held from 29 June-3 July 1998 in Montreal, Canada. Delegates from 92 countries met in Plenary to consider the programme of work for the INC as well as possible elements that might be included in an international legally binding instrument on a list of twelve POPs grouped into three categories: 1) pesticide POPs: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, mirex and toxaphene; 2) industrial chemical POPs: hexachlorobenzene and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); and ...
The capacity to monitor Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), including POPs varies significantly from one country to another. For many regions, including Central America and the Caribbean, monitoring of POPs is mainly ad hoc and relies on analysis from research, accidents or evaluation of specific hot spots. This limits efforts to undertake an accurate global appraisal of PTS (UNEP 2003).. According to a UNEP global report of 2003 levels of many of the persistent pesticides in the environment of industrialized countries are declining when compared to the 1980s or 1990s. This is particularly so for pesticides such as DDT, heptachlor and chlordane. However, the report further suggests that the lack of effective alternatives to the use of persistent chemicals such as DDT in several developing countries continues to limit efforts to completely phase out the use of this chemical. DDT continues to potentially affect the health of millions of people around the world.. Persistent pesticides are still a ...
The human HazChem array includes 16 control genes and 300 environmental toxicity-related genes. In past experiments, the expression levels of these genes were altered in whole genome microarray experiments using VOCs and PAH-treated human cells. In this study, we employed the human HazChem array to determine the gene expression pattern of chemical groups. The chemical groups used in this study were PAHs, POPs, and VOCs. PAHs are one of the most widespread organic pollutants. We used chrysene and phenanthrene as examples of PAHs. POPs are chemical substances that remain in the environment, and bioaccumulate through the food chain. We utilized chlordane and toxaphene as our sample POPs. VOCs are important outdoor air pollutants. They have been shown to cause nervous system disorders through respiration and skin contact, and generally are associated with foul odors. We utilized dichloromethane, ethylbenzene, and trichloroethylene as our sample VOCs. Thus, a total of 7 chemicals were assessed. In ...
Our changing lifestyle and habits are exposing us to various cancer causing agents known as carcinogens. We are constantly exposed to a variety of carcinogens in the food, we eat; in the water, we drink; and in the air, we breathe. Electromagnetic Radiation emitted by man made technological devices like Cell Phone Towers, Cell Phones, Computers and other electrical appliances can cause cancer. Moreover, the modern life has become fast and competitive leading to chronic stress that further enhances the risk of cancer by suppressing immune system of the body.. Pesticides & Insecticides. The food containing residues of pesticides is one of the top three risk factors of cancer. The commonly used pesticides are Carbaryl, Chlordane, Diazinon, Dichlorvos, Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), Lindane, Malathion and Toxaphene. Most of these chemicals used as pesticides have strong carcinogenic effect. The residues of pesticides enter into food articles such as fruits & vegetables. When such a food ...
Asbestos-Containing Materials (ACM) / Friable Asbestos, Aviation [Avgas], Benzene, Chlordane, Diesel, Explosives (UXO, MEC) [Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) / Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC)], Gasoline, Heating Oil / Fuel Oil, MTBE / TBA / Other Fuel Oxygenates, Munitions Debris (MD), Nitrate, Other Insecticides [Aldrin / Dieldrin] / Pesticide / Fumigants / Herbicides, Other Petroleum, Other Solvent Or Non-Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Radioactive Isotopes, Tetrachloroethylene (PCE), Toluene, Trichloroethylene (TCE), Vinyl Chloride, Waste Oil / Motor / Hydraulic / Lubricating, Xylene. Source:. CA State Water Resources Control Board. Air Force Administrative Record ...
Asbestos-Containing Materials (ACM) / Friable Asbestos, Aviation [Avgas], Benzene, Chlordane, Diesel, Explosives (UXO, MEC) [Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) / Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC)], Gasoline, Heating Oil / Fuel Oil, MTBE / TBA / Other Fuel Oxygenates, Munitions Debris (MD), Nitrate, Other Insecticides [Aldrin / Dieldrin] / Pesticide / Fumigants / Herbicides, Other Petroleum, Other Solvent Or Non-Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Radioactive Isotopes, Tetrachloroethylene (PCE), Toluene, Trichloroethylene (TCE), Vinyl Chloride, Waste Oil / Motor / Hydraulic / Lubricating, Xylene. Source:. CA State Water Resources Control Board. Air Force Administrative Record ...
The RNFOC poses a real and present danger to all Splenda users. It is risky because the RNFOC confers a molecule with a set of super powers that wreak havoc on the human body. For example, Agent Orange, used in the U.S Army s herbicidal warfare program, is a RNFOC. Exposure can lead to Hodgkin s lymphoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma as well as diabetes and various forms of cancer! Other shocking examples are the war gas phosgene, chlordane and lindane.[2] The RNFOC is lethal because it allows poisons to be fat soluble while rendering the natural defense mechanisms of the body helpless ...
The influence of various compounds on pulmonary tumor formation in mice after a single dose of urethan was investigated. Pretreatment by the microsomal enzyme inducers chlordane, phenobarbital, and β-naphthoflavone reduced the yield of lung tumors, but phenothiazine and diethylaminoethyl diphenyl valerate (SKF-525A) did not. None of these agents by themselves were carcinogenic to the mouse lung in a 16-week test. 3-Methylcholanthrene pretreatment induced lung tumors, the incidence of which was decreased by the subsequent injection of urethan.. Treatment with actinomycin D, puromycin, and cycloheximide, which are expected to affect macromolecular synthesis, gave the same pulmonary tumor incidence after a single dose of urethan as that noted in controls given the vehicle plus urethan.. These data demonstrate that certain enzyme inducers sharply modify the pulmonary tumor yield, but they fail to give a clue to the possible existence of an active metabolite derived from urethan, or the need for ...
The Beacon Toxaphene in Soil Tube Kit is an enzyme immunoassay for the detection of toxaphene in soil. The Beacon Toxaphene Tube Kit permits reliable and rapid semi-quantitative screening for toxaphene at 2, 10 and 50 parts per million (ppm) in soil. ...
There are a couple of points to bear in mind: Never salt the hens until after theyre cooked, because they may toughen and dry. And unless the hens are accompanied by a cover-up sauce, youll need
Evidence pertaining to the carcinogenicity of chlordane and heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide is reviewed and evaluated. The report covers studies completed before 1985. Case reports and epidemiologic studies of pesticide applicators and pesticide manufacturing workers are reviewed, but because of methodologic limitations, these studies establish neither a positive nor a negative association between cancer and chlordane or heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide exposure. A number of independent studies of laboratory animals, however, demonstrates that chlordane and heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide cause liver cancer in mice and rats. Based on the accumulated evidence, chlordane and heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide are classified as probable human carcinogens, Group B2 using EPAs Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. The carcinogenic potency of chlordane and heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide is estimated by fitting mathematical models to the laboratory animal data. These estimates indicate that chlordane and ...
The hypothesis that farming (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) , agricultural practices (9) , and pesticide exposure (10, 11, 12, 13 , 22, 23, 24, 25) are associated with NHL has been tested in a number of occupational studies. Not all of the studies confirm an association (27, 28, 29) . Pesticides have diverse chemistry and biological modes of action. In addition to the active ingredients, there are emulsifiers, carriers, dispersants, and a variety of agents used to formulate liquids, granular and mists. The major chemical classes of a priori interest based on epidemiological studies (10, 11, 12, 13 , 22, 23, 24, 25) were phenoxyherbicides, organophosphorus, organochlorines, aldehydes, and carbon tetrachloride. Occupational exposure to 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T, carbaryl, chlordane, DDT, diazinon, dichlorvos, lindane, malathion, nicotine, and toxaphene has been reported to be associated with NHL. In addition, our interest focused on pesticides classified as possibly or probably carcinogenic to humans based on ...
A fungus strain ECU2002, capable of enantioselectively hydrolyzing chiral lactones to optically pure hydroxy acids, was newly isolated from soil samples th
Line a large roasting pan with a layer of aluminum foil, and then sit a wire rack on top of this foil. Tear off a large piece of foil (big enough to wrap around the ham) and place this over the rack on the roasting pan. Tear off a second large piece of ... ...
Background: There is conflicting epidemiological evidence concerning an increase in risk of non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL) associated with elevated blood levels of persistent organochlorine (OC) pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs).. Methods: We measured the concentration of 17 OC pesticides, including hexachlorobenzene (HCB), four lindane isomers (α-, β-, γ- and δ-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)), two chlordane species (heptachlor and oxy-chlordane), four cyclodiene insecticides (aldrin, dieldrin, endrin and mirex), six dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) isomers and nine PCB congeners (PCBs 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 170, 180 and 194) in plasma samples of 377 subjects, including 174 NHL cases and 203 controls from France, Germany and Spain. The risk of NHL and its major subtypes associated with increasing blood levels of OC pesticides and PCBs was calculated using unconditional logistic regression.. Results: Risk of NHL, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and chronic lymphatic ...
Alkanes C10-C13, chloro (short-chain chlorinated paraffins) (SCCPs): 10 000 mg/kg;. Aldrin: 5 000 mg/kg;. Chlordane: 5 000 mg/kg;. Chlordecone: 5 000 mg/kg;. DDT (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethane): 5 000 mg/kg;. Dieldrin: 5 000 mg/kg;. Endosulfan: 5 000 mg/kg;. Endrin: 5 000 mg/kg;. Heptachlor: 5 000 mg/kg;. Hexabromobiphenyl: 5 000 mg/kg;. Hexachlorobenzene: 5 000 mg/kg;. Hexachlorobutadiene: 1 000 mg/kg;. Hexachlorocyclohexanes, including lindane: 5 000 mg/kg;. Mirex: 5 000 mg/kg;. Pentachlorobenzene: 5 000 mg/kg;. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and its derivatives (PFOS). (C8F17SO2X). (X = OH, Metal salt (O-M+), halide, amide, and other derivatives including polymers): 50 mg/kg;. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) (3): 50 mg/kg;. Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) (4): 5 mg/kg;. Polychlorinated naphthalenes*: 1 000 mg/kg;. Sum of the concentrations of tetrabromodiphenyl ether C12H6Br4O), pentabromodiphenyl ether (C12H5Br5O), hexabromodiphenyl ether ...
Industry attacks backfire. When Silent Spring appeared in 1962, the chemical industry attacked her data, her analysis, her personality, and her scientific credentials. The chemical industry sponsored articles promoting pesticide use and anonymous attacks on Carson, foreshadowing the computer trolls who now attack important environmental articles. A pro-industry review referred to her as a "hysterical woman," typical of the sexist attacks.. Carson biographer Linda Lear reports in Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature, that former Secretary of Agriculture and Mormon fundamentalist Ezra Taft Benson suggested to President Dwight Eisenhower in a letter that since Carson was attractive but unmarried, she was "probably a Communist.". DuPont (DDT and 2,4-D manufacturer) and Velsicol Chemical Company (chlordane and heptachlor manufacturer) - threatened lawsuits against Houghton Mifflin, The New Yorker and Audubon magazine, in attempts to suppress Silent Spring.. The chemical company American Cyanamid proved ...
BACKGROUND: We performed a cross-sectional study of associations between personal characteristics and lipid-adjusted serum concentrations of certain PCB congeners and chlorinated pesticides/metabolites among 323 pregnant primiparous women from Uppsala County (age 18-41 years) sampled 1996-1999. METHODS: Extensive personal interviews and questionnaires about personal characteristics were performed both during and after pregnancy. Concentrations of organochlorine compounds in serum lipids in late pregnancy were analysed by gas chromatography. Associations between personal characteristics and serum levels of organochlorine compounds were analysed by multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Participation rate was 82% (325 of 395 women). Serum concentrations of PCB congeners IUPAC no. 28, 52, 101, 105 and 167, and o, p-DDT and -DDE, p, p-DDT and -DDD, oxychlordane, and gamma- and alpha-HCH were in many cases below the limit of quantification (LOQ). No statistical analysis of associations with personal ...
Coffee beans have earned credit for their potential to aid in weight loss. Not all coffee beans have this potential, however. Only unroasted coffee beans...
The most popular use for coffee beans is roasting them, grinding them and then filtering water through them to make coffee. Used this way, coffee beans...
Raw coffee beans get the DIY treatment as java aficionados jump at the chance to roast their own blend, with pots and pans and even popcorn poppers coming in handy.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Roasting at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Roasting easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
As we all know, Coffee is beneficial for health, but unused coffee bean extracts can also help reduce fat-induced inflammation in the cells and improved glucose absorption and insulin sensitivity,...
Coffee Bean Reviews G to H. Reviews of coffee brands, blends, flavors, history, country of origin and more. Listings from H to Z.
According to a recent study, published in the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology, unused coffee bean extracts may help cut fat-induced inflammation in the cells and could also improve insulin sensitivity and glucose absorption in the body.
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Tasty roasted turkey features golden brown skin and moist meat. To ensure your turkey has both of these qualities, cover it with cheesecloth soaked with butter during the roasting process. You can soak the cheesecloth in other liquids, such a wine, to give the turkey even more flavor. The cheesecloth will seal in the juices, keeping the turkey tender and flavorful. Be sure to remove the cheesecloth in the last hour of roasting the turkey so the outside becomes crispy.. ...
Since a number of us are roasting our own (and here, and here), I thought it made sense to start comparing notes on what was working and what wasnt for the...
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Looking for crackling chicken skin; tender, candy-sweet beets; and the crispiest-outside, creamiest-inside potatoes you could ever want? Easy-blast em with high heat from all sides. Our roasting recipes will show you how its done.
A curtal dog was one that had had its tail cut off so it could run round and round in an enclosed wheel like a hamster, providing the power to turn the spit on a roasting pig or other animal, without getting its tail caught in the spokes. I imagine the wheel was placed so a stupid dog would think that if he could just run fast enough he could get to the roasting animal and take a bite, like a horse encouraged to pull a carriage by a carrot dangled in front of his nose ...
Chances are good that at whatever holiday feast you attend this year, one dish will include vegetables that have been simply, gloriously roasted. They...
7ero H3LL3821d ago (Edited 3821d ago ). ...not bad i had a dream once that i got a ps3 and i put it right next to my 360,i quickly ran behind my couch and poked my head out and just as i gust the beef was roasting and the brawl began, i freaked out because i had to get some popcorn. but when i got back the ps3s price tag was cut and the 360 had red lights ...
2. A process for decaffeination requires us to know: (A) the amount of decaffeination solvent (DCS) and (B) composition of the DCS recycle stream. In the process, coffee beans are fed directly to a mixing tank. The DCS is mixed with the DCS recycle stream then fed to the mixing tank. The solution is filtered and the wet coffee beans are sent to a dryer in which 90% of the DCS is recovered and returned to the mixing tank; the other 10% of DCS exits with the coffee beans. (This is NOT "the DCS recycle stream" mentioned above.) The liquid from the filtration is fed to a separation unit where the caffeine exits at 95wt% and "the DCS recycle stream" exits at a concentration that needs to be determined as (B). Additional information(assume a basis of 100kg coffee beans): (a) Coffee beans contain 1.5wt% caffeine. (b) Coffee beans exiting the filtration are 90% caffeine-free. (c) For each 100kg of coffee beans entering the mixing tank, 20kg of DCS go with them, hence the need for the dryer. (d) The ...
The continued growth of cropland and loss of natural habitat like grasslands have increasingly simplified agricultural landscapes and this has led to crop pest abundance and increased insecticide use. While the relationship between monoculture, crop pest pressure, and insecticide use has been suggested before, it has not been well supported by empirical evidence. Now a study documents a link between monoculture and increased insecticide use. The researchers carried out the study in the Midwest region of the United States. They found that monoculture was associated with annual insecticide application to an additional 5,400 square miles in the Midwest-an area the size of Connecticut. They warn that this increased use of insecticides will affect perennial grasslands that are a good source of bioenergy. PNAS, July ...
Central American coffee farmers have found a new source of energy in their coffee beans, turning agricultural wastewater into biogas.
Find coffee bean articles on agriculture-xprt.com, the worlds largest agricultural industry marketplace and information resource.
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San Francisco. Founded in 1852. Share & impress. Ghirardelli Impressions are perfect for - gifting; sharing; decorating. The Ghirardelli Difference: Controlling all steps for ultimate quality. Bean Selection: We select only the highest quality cocoa beans. Roasting: We use a unique roasting process for intense chocolate taste. Refining: We refine to achieve the ultimate velvety smoothness. Conching: We conche extensively to bring out unique, sophisticated flavors. Ghirardelli: Quality guarantee Ghirardelli Chocolate Company. Visit the Ghirardelli website at www.ghirardelli.com. Product sold by weight, not volume or count. Contents of bag may settle. Bag contents vary; may not include a particular chocolate design. Proudly manufactured in California, USA.. ...
Scientists found that one class of insecticides may harm both bumblebees and honeybees in two recent studies. Bees important role as pollinators may be threatened.
Across the Midwestern corn belt, a familiar battle has resumed, hidden in the soil. On one side are tiny, white larvae of the corn rootworm. On the other
Tuesday we spent the afternoon at a local coffee plantation. They welcomed us with a cup of iced coffee and a small taste of what was to come. Our tour guide was very knowledgeable and engaging. The Doka Estates was founded by the Vargas family at the foot of the Psoas Volcano and still utilizes the same building it started with over 100 years ago. They grow the highest quality Arabica beans. While coffee plants can be used for 100 years but each year the quality decreases slightly thus the Doka Estate only uses their plants for 25 years. The workers hand-pick the red coffee "cherries" and fill giant baskets. After savoring the natural sweetness of the coffee bean fresh from the plant we saw the gathering gate, the peeling machine, the drying fields, the sorting bins, the storage room and ended in the roasting room. Dr. Schnuth got to try her hand at raking the drying coffee beans; she was so great at it that our guide offered her a job. In the roasting room we got to smell some freshly roasted ...
Buy a sucking pig / roasting pig. Whole pig for sale. 10-50 lbs, delivered cleaned, eviscerated & trussed. Great roasted or smoked. No antibiotics or hormones.
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Concentrated formula eliminates residue in group heads, valves and machine lines. Integral to the daily back flush regimen. Foam and solubility balanced for optimal rinsing. NSF certified for metal compatibility and safety and OMRITM Listed for use in Organic Production. Cafiza® Espresso Machine Cleaner Powder is an
That tasty cup of java from your favorite gourmet coffee shop began life on a farm thousands of miles away. Farmers who cater to the specialty coffee market compete on quality. And some use the higher prices their beans fetch to reinvest in their businesses and improve conditions for workers.
When contemplating how to roast your first Thanksgiving turkey-or fifth, or 20th-its easy to get mired in insecurity. Do you remember what you did wro ...
About Me Am old enough to understand the difference between the Bay of Pigs - and roasting a pig at a epicurian feast. Been thru the hippy, yippie and yuppie years - always remaining who I am. Very much believe in
Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC ® 24725™ Designation: VKM F-1767 [CBS 481.73, CCRC 36200, IMI 174727, NRRL 6361, QM 9998] Application: Bacterial resistance testing adhesives Degrades 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethene DDE Degrades 2,4,5-trichlorophenol Degrades 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4,5-T Degrades 2,4,6-trichlorophenol Degrades 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene TNT Degrades 3,4-dichloroaniline Degrades Congo red Congo Red Degrades DDT Degrades acid yellow 9 Degrades aldrin Degrades amaranth Degrades atrazine Degrades azo dyes Degrades azure B Azure B Degrades benzene Degrades benzo(a)pyrene Degrades biphenyl Degrades chlordane Degrades creosote Degrades cyclonite RDX, cyclotrimethylene trinitramine Degrades dieldrin Degrades ethylbenzene Degrades fluorene Degrades heptachlor Degrades humic acid Degrades lignin Degrades lindane Degrades mirex Degrades o-chlorophenol Degrades olive-mill wastewater Degrades orange G Orange G Degrades orange II Orange II Degrades pentachlorophenol
When you buy readymade coffee beans you dont have an idea on whether they have been roasted. Coffee beans lose an element of the tasty flavor and aroma when they have been already there for some time after being roasted. In place of buying coffee which has lost its freshness you can easily drink fresh coffee by simply roasting the beans in coffee bean roasters.. Coffee roasters have been in existence since several years and the more mature ones were made of iron, as well as used to weigh quite a lot. However, modern roasters have become quite light and compact, and higher-end models also have digital displays in addition to a higher level of automation. In addition, your costs will also get reduced when you buy green coffee rather than readymade roasted coffee. You need to however go for top quality green coffee beans since this will ultimately reward you with coffee that is loaded with aroma and taste. It takes merely around 10-15 minutes to roast your own personal coffee as per your liking. ...
Green coffee" beans are coffee seeds (beans) of Coffea fruits that have not yet been roasted. The roasting procedure of coffee beans reduces amounts of the chemical chlorogenic acid. For that reason, green coffee beans have a greater level of chlorogenic acid compared with regular, roasted coffee beans, according to artplay-katok.ru. Chlorogenic acid in green coffee is believed to have health advantages.. Green coffee ended up being popular for weight loss after it was mentioned on the Dr. Oz show in 2012. The Dr. Oz show referred to it as "The green coffee bean that burns fat quick" and asserts that no exercise or diet is needed.. Individuals take green coffee by mouth for obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, Alzheimers disease, and bacterial infections.. ...
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The adsorption of heptachlor reached efficiencies higher than 97% under neutral and acidic conditions. Increasing the activated carbon concentration from 1 g L−1 to 2 g L−1promoted an increase in adsorption efficiency of heptachlor from 92% to 97%. The Langmuir isotherm for heptachlor removal resulted in adsorption rate constant KL = 20.8 L g−1 and maximum adsorption capacity qm = 2.22 mg g−1. The pseudo‐second‐order model describes the heptachlor adsorption kinetic, giving a value of 0.3135 g mg−1 min−1 ...
Green Koffee Instant. Green koffee is a classic combination of the Green coffee 60% and Black coffee 40% to refresh you in more healthy way.The green coffee bean that burns fat fast that too without exercise or diet, Green coffee bean contains polyphenols, including chlorogenic acids, which have antioxidant that helps the body to neutralize harmful free radicals.. While a cup of black coffee contains number of nutrients and offers you many protective benefits, studies prove that cup of Black coffee can reduce your risk of heart disease by 50% than those who dont drink.. What is Green Coffee?. The regular coffee is made of roasted bean whereas green coffee is made of unroasted fresh coffee beans which are dried and powdered retaining the natural aroma and color. The shade drying of coffee beans gives the higher levels of Chlorogenic acid and Polyphenols that burns fat faster.. What is green coffee extract?. Coffee beans are actually green seeds inside a bright red berry. Roasting process turns ...
This application note from Cecil Instruments describes an effective method for organochlorine pesticide analysis in the environment by reversed phase chromatography with UV-Vis detection. The method was performed using the Adept HPLC Series System 2. The experimental conditions and subsequent results are presented.
1. Intro 2. Green Coffee Bean Extract Reviews 3. Green Coffee Bean Extract Side Effects 4. Green Coffee Bean Extract Brands 5. References Coffee is one of those products many of us consume on a daily basis, but did you know.... ...
Homework on the what green coffee bean extract with Svetol show that theyre no antagonistic side effects to choosing it. The reports rather revealed that extract assisted those that were using the option containing the extract drop typically 17 pounds in just 22 weeks. What kind of is the proper dosage?. Trucking industry incredible amount involving folks which have established Pure Green Coffee Beans in order to work pertaining to weight loss, without adjusting your belief in a some other method. The component components of losing weight using Pure Green Coffee Beans will be to adopt supplement frequently, also to pick a high quality component.. Periodic intakes of high total amount of caffeine cause the brain cells to stay addicted to the stimulating effects. People absolutely continue to experience brain alertness but their body shapes are already exhausted. Often, these people ought to feel very sleepy yet somehow couldnt be able so that it will sleep because their heads are still too in ...
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The major anti-oxidant in green coffee bean extract, chlorogenic acid, has been shown to profoundly inhibit the release of the G6P enzyme which significantly stabilizes blood sugar levels. In one clinical study a dose of 400mg of green coffee bean extract showed a 32% reduction in the post meal blood glucose spike. This translates into someone who would have an extremely dangerous 160mg/dL blood sugar level down to a safe post-meal level of 109mg/dL ...
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Coffee is a brewed beverage with a distinct aroma and flavor, prepared from the roasted seeds of the Coffea plant. The seeds are found in coffee cherries, which grow on trees cultivated in over 70 countries.. Roasting coffee transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products. The roasting process is what produces the characteristic flavor of coffee by causing the green coffee beans to expand and to change in color, taste, smell, and density. Unroasted beans contain similar acids, protein, and caffeine as those that have been roasted, but lack the taste. Heat must be applied for the Maillard and other chemical reactions to occur.. Continue reading. ...
Discovering new reactions for synthesis through C-H activation. We focus on the invention of catalytic carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bond forming reactions based on C-H activation. Target transformations are selected to enable 1) the use of simple and abundant starting materials, and 2) disconnections that drastically shorten the synthesis of a class of biologically active compounds. Currently, our research efforts are focused on developing new reactions using simple aliphatic acids and natural amino acids via activating the unactivated C-H bonds (pKa , 35), regioselectively and enantioselectively, to parallel enzymatic transformations.. We then apply these new reactions in organic synthesis. Efforts are directed towards achieving rapid access to various libraries of potential pharmaceutical leads that are not readily accessible through previous methods, for instance, converting natural amino acids into pharmaceutically useful heterocycles. In collaboration with other groups at Scripps, we ...
Low prices on Green Coffee Bean Extract! Helps improve glycemic control and promotes weight loss*. Studies show a positive correlation between high coffee consumption and improved glycemic control, which may help with weight loss. The beans (or seeds) found in the berries of coffee trees contain high levels of chlorogenic acid. Chlorogenic acid works in two ways.
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Coffee Beans Banana Dates Ice-Blended. Ramadan is here and Coffee Bean has introduced Banana Dates Ice-Blended, a refreshing drink with the mix of bananas and dates!. It has a strong flavor of bananas but the sweetness of the dates has somewhat spoiled the authentic taste of banana. Sadly, but its not a banana drink, its a Ramadan drink. Coffee Bean should have created a separate drink for date lovers, like how Starbucks did with Ramadan Frappuccino (which is only available in the Middle East). I would prefer Starbucks Banana Java Chip Frappuccino anytime - only if they still have it.. Retailing at RM 12.00, Coffee Bean Card holders get RM 2.00 off! This drink is only available for Ramadan.. ...
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usitnhge SabbathFeature . ( onsommeodels ) ( Designed for use on the Jewish Sabbath and Hofidays ) ge . com The Sabbath feature can be used for baking / roasting only . It cannot be used for broiling , self - cleaning or Delay Start cooking . NOTE : The oven light comes on automatically ( on some models ) when the door is opened and goes off when the door is closed . The bulb maybe removed . See the Oven Light Replacement section . Onmodels with a light switch on the control panel , the oven light may be turned on and left on . How to Set for Regular Baking / Roasting NOTE : Tounderstand how the oven centre / works , [ ] Touch die START / ON pad . practice using regular baking ( non - Sabbath ) before entering Sabbathmode . f _ _ Mier a ran ( tom dela } period ot app ] oxilllately 30 se ( ollds to ] II / illllte , Make sure the clock shows the correct time of day D C will appear ill the display indicating and the oven is off that tile o _ m is baking / ro _ ksting . If D c doesnt appear in tile ...
Im an Indian-American-Muslim kid, but am I more Indian or am I more American? Minhaj asks. His weekly political comedy series on Neflix is called Patriot Act. Originally broadcast May 18, 2017.
Caffeine, which is found naturally in coffee beans, is classified as a drug. It gives you a burst of energy by stimulating your central nervous system, according to TeensHealth. Understanding how the ...
Your light latte might leave your pockets even lighter. Coffee bean prices spiked to $1.90 per pound, up 41 percent since June. To combat the higher prices, some companies, like the owner of Dunkin Donuts, are raising their prices.
EDITOR-Wisborg et als article raises more issues than it settles.1 Firstly, coffee contains not only caffeine but a mixture of different ingredients (milk, sugar, stabilisers, flavour, and other alkaloids from coffee beans). Attributing the result of drinking coffee to just one constituent seems illogical. If Wisborg et al want to prove what they contend, they should contrast the group taking eight cups of ordinary coffee to those taking eight cups … ...
Body Blendz products are made up of coffee beans, oils and sugar which specifically target cellulite and stretch marks whilst exfoliating and hydrating the skin.
2,4,5-T, aldrin, binapacryl, captafol, chlordane, chlordimeform, chlorobenzilate, DDT, DNOC and its salts, ethylene dichloride, ethylene oxide 1,2-dibromoethane (EDB), dieldrin, dinoseb, fluoroacetamide, HCH, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, lindane, mercury compounds, monocrotophos, parathion, pentachlorophenol, toxaphene and tributyl tin, plus certain formulations of methamidophos, methyl-parathion, and phosphamidon, as well as dustable-powder formulations containing a combination of benomyl at or above 7 percent, carbofuran at or above 10 percent and thiram at or above 15 percent that are listed as severely hazardous pesticide formulations ...
Green Coffee Bean contain naturally occurring antioxidants called Chlorogenic Acids (CGA). CGAs have been proven to be an excellent way of losing weight. In a relatively short period of time, with less exercise required than that of other methods. Chlorogenic Acids can slow down the absorption of glucose from food intake, therefore reducing the risk of glycemic disorders like diabetes. They also block the accumulation of fat in the liver and help boost the bodys metabolism. Inherently dense in antioxidants, Green Coffee Beans are highly effective in fighting the harmful effects of cells damaging free radicals in the blood stream and reducing high blood pressure.. Some surprising benefits of Green Coffee Beans are:. Reduce blood pressure level. Daily intake of green coffee bean extract can significantly lower your systolic and diastolic blood pressure. This is due to a reduced level of hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ) which is generated by roasting coffee beans and inhibits the antihypertensive effect ...
CBD Oil and Garcinia Extract Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Oolong Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Oolong Tea Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Extract HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia Extract HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Extract With HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Matcha Tea Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Raspberry Keytones Extract Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Forskolin Diet Pills Dr Oz Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia With HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Coleus Forskohlii Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia Hca Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Green Coffee Bean Extract Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Raspberry Keytones Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Greent tea Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Garcinia Cambogia Extract With HCA Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Forskolin Coleonol Green Coffee Bean, CBD Oil and Coleus Forskolin Green
A survey was conducted in 2016 in the major onion producing areas of the Ethiopian Central Rift Valley. A structured questionnaire was used to assess farmers’ management practices with a focus on the use of insecticides. Plant samples were collected to assess species composition of thrips and their abundance. Results showed that insecticides were the only control methods for onion growers to control thrips infesting onion. The insecticides diazinon, dimethoate, profenofos, lambda-cyhalothrin and spinetoram were commonly used. Level of insecticide use was higher in Meki than Melkassa and Werer. The volume of insecticide for thrips control and thrips population was noted to be on the increase over the years. Frankliniella occidentalis and Thrips tabaci were present in all surveyed areas with T. tabaci accounting for a higher proportion. The relative species composition varied significantly with location. The highest proportion of T. tabaci was recorded at Werer, where insecticide use was
Purpose: Farming has been previously associated with the autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD), including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The exposure(s) underlying this association are not well-understood, and few studies have directly addressed the role of pesticides, including personal and residential insecticide use. Method: Using data from the Womens Health Initiative Observational Study (n=76,861, aged 50-79 years), we examined self-reported lifetime personal or commercial residential insecticide use and having lived or worked on a farm in relation to risk of incident ARD, confirmed by use of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs at year 3 of follow-up (n=213; 178 with RA only, 27 with SLE only, and 8 with both RA and SLE), and excluding unconfirmed cases. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by multivariate models adjusting for age and covariates, including race, region, education, occupation, history of smoking, asthma, ...

Canary Database: Browse by Exposure: ChlordanCanary Database: Browse by Exposure: Chlordan

Browse by Exposure: Chlordan (29 articles). % of records by year: 1965 2017 ...
more infohttp://canarydatabase.org/browse/exposure/8184

EXTOXNET PIP - CHLORDANEEXTOXNET PIP - CHLORDANE

Trade and Other Names: In addition to chlordane, common names have included chlordan and clordano. Trade names include Belt, ...
more infohttp://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/chlordan.htm

RTECS:PB9800000 - 4,7-Methanoindan, 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-octachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- - The Registry of Toxic Effects of...RTECS:PB9800000 - 4,7-Methanoindan, 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-octachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- - The Registry of Toxic Effects of...

Chlordan. Chlordane. Chlordane (ACGIH:OSHA). Chlorindan. Chlorodane. Chlortox. Clordan (Italian). Clordano. Cortilan-neu. ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh-rtecs/PB958940.html

CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Index of Chemical Names : CCDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Index of Chemical Names : C

Chlordan. 57-74-9. PB9800000. Chlordane *. 57-74-9. PB9800000. Chlordano. 57-74-9. PB9800000. ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgsyn-c.html

Toxaphene
     Summary Report | CureHunterToxaphene Summary Report | CureHunter

Chlordan (Chlordane) 10. Methoxychlor (Metox) Related Therapies and Procedures. 1. Aftercare (After-Treatment) ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD014112-Toxaphene.do

DeCS 2018 - Instructions for updating strategies used in searching thematic areas of the VHLDeCS 2018 - Instructions for updating strategies used in searching thematic areas of the VHL

Chlordan [SP4.001.022.238.389.230.041] Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane [SP4.001.022.238.389.230.046] DDT [SP4.001.022.238. ...
more infohttp://decs.bvs.br/I/revisao_estrategias_tematicas2019.htm

chlorine facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about chlorinechlorine facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about chlorine

Other compounds in this class include dieldrin, aldrin, heptachlor, and chlordan. The use of these compounds has also been ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/chlorine

Spectral Database Index:
        IR - Priority Pollutants - Bio‑Rad SadtlerSpectral Database Index: IR - Priority Pollutants - Bio‑Rad Sadtler

About this Index: This index lists the names of all compounds found in the IR - Priority Pollutants - Bio‑Rad Sadtler spectral database. Bio-Rad is the world leader in spectral databases. They offer over 2.3 million high-quality IR, Raman, NIR, NMR, MS and UV-Vis spectra. Please visit our website for a complete listing. ...
more infohttp://www.knowitall.com/literature/indices/Spectral_Index.asp?cc=ULX

C-化学物质数据库C-化学物质数据库

Ceruletide(Stimulant (gastric secretory). Diagnostic aid (pancreatic function; cholecystokinetic agent in cholecystography).) ...
more infohttps://www.drugfuture.com/chemdata-c.html

Der Stoffwechsel von Pesticiden in Säugetieren | Springer for Research & DevelopmentDer Stoffwechsel von Pesticiden in Säugetieren | Springer for Research & Development

Excretion, distribution, and metabolism of α-chlordan-14C by rats. Life Sci. 3, 1497 (1964).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-8422-3_4

Biomarkers of contaminant exposure in northern pike (Esox lucius) from the Yukon River Basin, Alaska<...Biomarkers of contaminant exposure in northern pike (Esox lucius) from the Yukon River Basin, Alaska<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Biomarkers of contaminant exposure in northern pike (Esox lucius) from the Yukon River Basin, Alaska. AU - Hinck, J. E.. AU - Blazer, V. S.. AU - Denslow, N. D.. AU - Myers, M. S.. AU - Gross, T. S.. AU - Tillitt, D. E.. PY - 2007/5/1. Y1 - 2007/5/1. N2 - As part of a larger investigation, northern pike (n = 158; Esox lucius) were collected from ten sites in the Yukon River Basin (YRB), Alaska, to document biomarkers and their correlations with organochlorine pesticide (total p,p-DDT, total chlordane, dieldrin, and toxaphene), total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and elemental contaminant (arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, total mercury, selenium, and zinc) concentrations. A suite of biomarkers including somatic indices, hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity, vitellogenin concentrations, steroid hormone (17B- ustradiol and 16-kebtestosteront) concentrations, splenic macrophage aggregates (MAs), oocyte atresia, and other microscopic anomalies in various tissues ...
more infohttps://pennstate.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/biomarkers-of-contaminant-exposure-in-northern-pike-esox-lucius-f

Fish physiology - WikipediaFish physiology - Wikipedia

In the marine ecosystem, organochlorine contaminants like pesticides, herbicides (DDT), and chlordan are accumulating within ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_physiology

Devil StuffDevil Stuff

widely used chlorine-containing insecticides include: chlordan, aldrin, dieldrin, toxaphene... (6). Ayres:. Chlorinated ...
more infohttp://oook.info/50th/DevilStuff.html

ATSDR - Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs): ChlordaneATSDR - Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs): Chlordane

Synonyms include a wide variety of trade names: Chlordan, Chlor-Kil, CD-68, Octachlor, Termi-Ded, Toxichlor, Topichlor, and ... Synonyms include a wide variety of trade names: Chlordan, Chlor-Kil, CD-68, Octachlor, Termi-Ded, Toxichlor, Topichlor, and ...
more infohttps://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mmg/mmg.asp?id=349&tid=62

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Toxic Hazards of Certain Pesticides to ManThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Toxic Hazards of Certain Pesticides to Man

The materials considered in some detail are DDT, aldrin, dieldrin, chlordan, BHC and gamma BHC, toxaphene, DDD (TDE) and ... The materials considered in some detail are DDT, aldrin, dieldrin, chlordan, BHC and gamma BHC, toxaphene, DDD (TDE) and ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1954.3.201

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Volume 3, Issue 1The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Volume 3, Issue 1

The materials considered in some detail are DDT, aldrin, dieldrin, chlordan, BHC and gamma BHC, toxaphene, DDD (TDE) and ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/3/1?page=2

PIWet PIBPIWet PIB

Uwagi: Aldryna, chlordan, dieldryna, endryna, endosulfan, HCB, heptachlor, izomery alfa-, beta- i gamma-HCH, DDT i metabolity ...
more infohttp://www.piwet.pulawy.pl/piwet7/index_b.php?strona=zawar_9e_exp

CHEMISTRY- PAGE 10 - UPSC Study MaterialsCHEMISTRY- PAGE 10 - UPSC Study Materials

3) Chlordan. 4) DDE. Ans: 4. 29. The energy produced in the Sun and stars is due to :. 1) Nuclear Fusion. 2) Nuclear Fission. 3 ...
more infohttp://www.upscstudymaterials.com/chemistry--page-10.html

WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Chlordane /WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Chlordane /

Chlordan -- adverse effects -- toxicity , Community Health and Primary Health CareNLM classification: WA 240 ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=10405&shelfbrowse_itemnumber=14493

WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Chlordane /WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Chlordane /

Chlordan -- adverse effects -- toxicity , Community Health and Primary Health CareNLM classification: WA 240 ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=10405

Chemchart - 

   Chemical Safety, Models, Suppliers, Regulation, and PatentsChemchart - Chemical Safety, Models, Suppliers, Regulation, and Patents

Chlordan · gamma-Chlordane · gamma Chlordane The name Chlordane, or chlordan, is commonly used as both a specific chemical ( ...
more infohttp://chemchart.com/cas-33.html

User talk:Shaddack - WikipediaUser talk:Shaddack - Wikipedia

May I ask you to draw also the structures of Chlordan (1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-Octachlor-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-indan), which ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_talk:Shaddack

Identhesin
        -
        Anesthetics,  Antipruritics,  Local Anesthetics,  ATC:C05AD03,  ATC:D04AB04,  ATC:N01BA05,  ATC...Identhesin - Anesthetics, Antipruritics, Local Anesthetics, ATC:C05AD03, ATC:D04AB04, ATC:N01BA05, ATC...

Ear Clear (Benzocaine + Chlordan(E) + Dichlorophene + Methapyrilene Hcl. + Propylene Glycol). * Emercol Loz (Benzocaine + ...
more infohttp://pharmacycode.com/Identhesin.html