An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.
A family of gram-negative, coccoid microorganisms, in the order CHLAMYDIALES, pathogenic for vertebrates. Genera include CHLAMYDIA and CHLAMYDOPHILA.
A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE whose species cause a variety of diseases in vertebrates including humans, mice, and swine. Chlamydia species are gram-negative and produce glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Constituent of 50S subunit of prokaryotic ribosomes containing about 3200 nucleotides. 23S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
Infections with bacteria of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.
A genus of hard-shelled clams in the family Veneridae, class BIVALVIA, commonly called quahogs. They are found just below the surface in the subtidal or lower intertidal coastal waters.
A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
In GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA, multiprotein complexes that function to translocate pathogen protein effector molecules across the bacterial cell envelope, often directly into the host. These effectors are involved in producing surface structures for adhesion, bacterial motility, manipulation of host functions, modulation of host defense responses, and other functions involved in facilitating survival of the pathogen. Several of the systems have homologous components functioning similarly in GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Technique for treating DEHYDRATION and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE by subcutaneous infusion of REHYDRATION SOLUTIONS.
An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the transfer of phosphoethanolamine from CDP-ethanolamine to diacylglycerol to yield phosphatidylethanolamine (cephalin) and CMP. The enzyme is found in the endoplasmic reticulum. EC 2.7.8.1.
A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A family of cellular proteins that mediate the correct assembly or disassembly of polypeptides and their associated ligands. Although they take part in the assembly process, molecular chaperones are not components of the final structures.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
A unique DNA sequence of a replicon at which DNA REPLICATION is initiated and proceeds bidirectionally or unidirectionally. It contains the sites where the first separation of the complementary strands occurs, a primer RNA is synthesized, and the switch from primer RNA to DNA synthesis takes place. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).
The process by which antigen is presented to lymphocytes in a form they can recognize. This is performed by antigen presenting cells (APCs). Some antigens require processing before they can be recognized. Antigen processing consists of ingestion and partial digestion of the antigen by the APC, followed by presentation of fragments on the cell surface. (From Rosen et al., Dictionary of Immunology, 1989)
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.
A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.
Schedules of medical and nursing procedures, including diagnostic tests, medications, and consultations designed to effect an efficient, coordinated program of treatment. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)
Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).

Molecular evidence for the existence of additional members of the order Chlamydiales. (1/76)

Respiratory tract infections in man may be caused by several members of the genus Chlamydia and also by two Chlamydia-like strains, 'Simkania negevensis' (Z-agent) and 'Parachlamydia acanthamoebae' (Bng). To facilitate diagnostic procedures a PCR assay able to detect all known Chlamydiaceae sequences in one reaction was developed. For this purpose, primers were selected to amplify a fragment of the 16S rRNA gene. Characterization of the amplified fragments was done by hybridization with specific probes and by sequencing. PCR assays were carried out using DNA isolated from nose/throat specimens or from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with respiratory tract infections, and from vessel wall specimens of abdominal aneurysms. Six of the 42 nose/throat swab specimens analysed yielded strong bands and one yielded a faint band. Three of these bands were identified as Chlamydia pneumoniae and one as Chlamydia trachomatis by sequencing. Analysis of the three other bands yielded two different new sequences. DNA isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of one patient yielded a third new sequence. DNA isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of four healthy controls was negative. One of the abdominal aneurysm specimens also yielded a strong band. Sequencing revealed a fourth new sequence. All negative controls included during specimen processing and PCR analysis remained negative. The typical secondary structure of microbial 16S genes was present in all four new sequences indicating the validity of the sequence data. All four new sequences were distinct from other bacteria and clustered together with known Chlamydiaceae sequences. Phylogenetic analysis suggested a new lineage, separating the four new sequences, 'S. negevensis' and 'P. acanthamoebae' from the genus Chlamydia with the four known chlamydial species. In conclusion, this study provides evidence for the existence of several new members of the order Chlamydiales. Since the source of the Chlamydia-like strains has not been identified and serological and/or molecular cross-reactivities may be expected, results of identification of infecting recognized organisms should be interpreted cautiously.  (+info)

Seroprevalence of IgG antibodies to the chlamydia-like microorganism 'Simkania Z' by ELISA. (2/76)

The newly described microorganism 'Simkania Z', related to the Chlamydiae, has been shown to be associated with bronchiolitis in infants and community acquired pneumonia in adults. The prevalence of infection in the general population is unknown. A simple ELISA assay for the detection of serum IgG antibodies to 'Simkania Z' was used to determine the prevalence of such antibodies in several population samples in southern Israel (the Negev). The groups tested included 94 medical and nursing students, 100 unselected blood donors, 106 adult members of a Negev kibbutz (communal agricultural settlement), and 45 adult Bedouin, residents of the Negev. IgG antibodies to 'Simkania Z' were found in 55-80% of these presumably healthy individuals, independently of antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae. The Bedouin had a seropositivity rate of 80%, while all other groups had rates of between 55 and 64%. These results indicate that 'Simkania Z' infection is probably common in southern Israel.  (+info)

Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. (3/76)

The current taxonomic classification of Chlamydia is based on limited phenotypic, morphologic and genetic criteria. This classification does not take into account recent analysis of the ribosomal operon or recently identified obligately intracellular organisms that have a chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. Neither does it provide a systematic rationale for identifying new strains. In this study, phylogenetic analyses of the 16S and 23S rRNA genes are presented with corroborating genetic and phenotypic information to show that the order Chlamydiales contains at least four distinct groups at the family level and that within the Chlamydiaceae are two distinct lineages which branch into nine separate clusters. In this report a reclassification of the order Chlamydiales and its current taxa is proposed. This proposal retains currently known strains with > 90% 16S rRNA identity in the family Chlamydiaceae and separates other chlamydia-like organisms that have 80-90% 16S rRNA relatedness to the Chlamydiaceae into new families. Chlamydiae that were previously described as 'Candidatus Parachlamydia acanthamoebae' Amann, Springer, Schonhuber, Ludwig, Schmid, Muller and Michel 1997, become members of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov., Parachlamydia acanthamoebae gen. nov., sp. now. 'Simkania' strain Z becomes the founding member of Simkaniaceae fam. nov., Simkania negevensis gen. nov., sp. nov. The fourth group, which includes strain WSU 86-1044, was left unnamed. The Chlamydiaceae, which currently has only the genus Chlamydia, is divided into two genera, Chlamydia and Chlamydophila gen. nov. Two new species, Chlamydia muridarum sp. nov. and Chlamydia suis sp. nov., join Chlamydia trachomatis in the emended genus Chlamydia. Chlamydophila gen. nov. assimilates the current species, Chlamydia pecorum, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia psittaci, to form Chlamydophila pecorum comb. nov., Chlamydophila pneumoniae comb. nov. and Chlamydophila psittaci comb. nov. Three new Chlamydophila species are derived from Chlamydia psittaci: Chlamydophila abortus gen. nov., sp. nov., Chlamydophila caviae gen. nov., sp. nov. and Chlamydophila felis gen. nov., sp. nov. Emended descriptions for the order Chlamydiales and for the family Chlamydiaceae are provided. These families, genera and species are readily distinguished by analysis of signature sequences in the 16S and 23S ribosomal genes.  (+info)

Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of micro-organism WSU 86-1044 from an aborted bovine foetus reveals that it is a member of the order Chlamydiales: proposal of Waddliaceae fam. nov., Waddlia chondrophila gen. nov., sp. nov. (4/76)

The structural gene encoding the 16S rRNA of the new obligate intracellular organism presently designated WSU 86-1044T was sequenced and analysed to establish its phylogenetic relationships. The 16S rDNA sequence was most closely related to those of chlamydial species, having 84.7-85.3% sequence similarity, while it had 72.4-73.2% similarity with rickettsia-like organisms. When the sequences of the four species of chlamydiae (Chlamydophila psittaci, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pecorum) were compared, they had > 93% sequence similarity indicating that WSU 86-1044T was not close enough to be in the same family as current Chlamydiaceae members. However, based on the 84.7-85.3% 16S rDNA sequence similarity of WSU 86-1044T and other previously described characteristics, WSU 86-1044T belongs to a novel family within the order Chlamydiales; hence, the proposal of Waddliaceae fam. nov., Waddlia chondrophila gen. nov., sp. nov.  (+info)

Simkania negevensis strain ZT: growth, antigenic and genome characteristics. (5/76)

Simkania negevensis is the type species of Simkaniaceae, a recently proposed family in the order Chlamydiales. In the current study, growth, antigenic and genomic characteristics of this intracellular bacterium were investigated and compared to those of members of the family Chlamydiaceae. Growth of the organism, as assessed by infectivity assays, reached a plateau in 2-3 d although by light microscopy the cytopathic effect on the host cells increased for 12 or more days after infection. S. negevensis growth was unaffected by sulfadiazine. Cells infected by S. negevensis strain ZT were not recognized by either of two monoclonal antibodies specific for Chlamydiaceae LPS and several specific Chlamydiaceae ompA primers were unable to PCR amplify a S. negevensis gene. The S. negevensis genome contained one copy of the ribosomal operon. The genome size of S. negevensis strain ZT was determined by PFGE to be 1.7 Mbp, and the G + C content was 42.5 mol%. These data, taken together with other published data, are consistent with the proposal that S. negevensis belongs to a distinct family in the order Chlamydiales.  (+info)

An unspliced group I intron in 23S rRNA links Chlamydiales, chloroplasts, and mitochondria. (6/76)

Chlamydia was the only genus in the order Chlamydiales until the recent characterization of Simkania negevensis Z(T) and Parachlamydia acanthamoebae strains. The present study of Chlamydiales 23S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) focuses on a naturally occurring group I intron in the I-CpaI target site of 23S rDNA from S. negevensis. The intron, SnLSU. 1, belonged to the IB4 structural subgroup and was most closely related to large ribosomal subunit introns that express single-motif, LAGLIDADG endonucleases in chloroplasts of algae and in mitochondria of amoebae. RT-PCR and electrophoresis of in vivo rRNA indicated that the intron was not spliced out of the 23S rRNA. The unspliced 658-nt intron is the first group I intron to be found in bacterial rDNA or rRNA, and it may delay the S. negevensis developmental replication cycle by affecting ribosomal function.  (+info)

Characterization of the rnpB gene and RNase P RNA in the order Chlamydiales. (7/76)

The sequence of the RNase P RNA gene (rnpB) was determined for 60 strains representing all nine species in the family Chlamydiaceae and for the related Chlamydiales species, Parachlamydia acanthamoebae and Simkania negevensis. These sequences were used to infer evolutionary relationships among the Chlamydiaceae. The analysis separated Chlamydophila and Chlamydia into two lineages, with Chlamydophila forming three distinct clusters: the Chlamydophila pneumoniae strains; the Chlamydophila pecorum strains; and a third cluster comprising the species Chlamydophila psittaci, Chlamydophila abortus, Chlamydophila caviae and Chlamydophila felis. The Chlamydia line of descent contained two clusters, with the Chlamydia suis strains distinctly separated from strains of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia muridarum. This analysis indicated that the rnpB sequence and structure are distinctive markers for species in the Chlamydiaceae. It was also demonstrated that the RNase P RNA derived from Chlamydia trachomatis is able to cleave a tRNA precursor in the absence of protein. These findings are discussed in relation to the structure of Chlamydia RNase P RNA.  (+info)

Phylogenetic diversity among geographically dispersed Chlamydiales endosymbionts recovered from clinical and environmental isolates of Acanthamoeba spp. (8/76)

The recently proposed reorganization of the order Chlamydiales and description of new taxa are broadening our perception of this once narrowly defined taxon. We have recovered four strains of gram-negative cocci endosymbiotic in Acanthamoeba spp., representing 5% of the Acanthamoeba sp. isolates examined, which displayed developmental life cycles typical of members of the Chlamydiales. One of these endosymbiont strains was found stably infecting an amoebic isolate recovered from a case of amoebic keratitis in North America, with three others found in acanthamoebae recovered from environmental sources in North America (two isolates) and Europe (one isolate). Analyses of nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences of these isolates by neighbor joining, parsimony, and distance matrix methods revealed their clustering with other members of the Chlamydiales but in a lineage separate from those of the genera Chlamydia, Chlamydophila, Simkania, and Waddlia (sequence similarities, <88%) and including the recently described species Parachlamydia acanthamoebae (sequence similarities, 91.2 to 93.1%). With sequence similarities to each other of 91.4 to 99.4%, these four isolates of intra-amoebal endosymbionts may represent three distinct species and, perhaps, new genera within the recently proposed family Parachlamydiaceae. Fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes targeted to 16S rRNA signature regions were able to readily differentiate two groups of intra-amoebal endosymbionts which corresponded to two phylogenetic lineages. These results reveal significant phylogenetic diversity occurring among the Chlamydiales in nontraditional host species and supports the existence of a large environmental reservoir of related species. Considering that all described species of Chlamydiales are known to be pathogenic, further investigation of intra-amoebal parachlamydiae as disease-producing agents is warranted.  (+info)

The aims of this study were twofold: (i) to test for possible associations between serological evidence of acute Simkania negevensis (Sn) infection and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmon
Domain architectures containing the following SCOP superfamilies _gap_,90257 in Waddlia chondrophila WSU 86-1044. Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of _gap_,90257.
Baud, D., Regan, L. & Greub, G. (2008). Emerging role of Chlamydia and Chlamydia-like organisms in adverse pregnancy outcomes. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases Feb; 21 (1): 70 - 76.. Baud, D., Thomas, V., Arafa A., Regan, L. & Greub, G. (2007). Waddlia chondrophila, a potential agent of human fetal death. Emerg Infect Dis 13(8), 1239 - 1243. Full paper (html). Bodett, T. J., Viggers, K., Warren, K., Swan, R., Conaghty, S., Sims, C. et al. (2003). Wide range of Chlamydiale types detected in native Australian mammals. Vet Microbiol. 96, 177 - 187.. Borel N. et al., (2006). Chlamydia-related abortions in cattle from Graubunden, Switzerland. Vet Pathol 43 (5), 702 - 708.. Borel N, Ruhl S, Casson N, Kaiser C, Pospischil A, Greub G. (2007). Parachlamydia spp. and related Chlamydia-like organisms and bovine abortion. Emerg Infect Dis. Full paper (html). Chua, K. B. (2003). A novel approach for collecting samples from fruit bats for isolation of infectious agents. Microbes and Infection 5, 487 - ...
Six consecutively hatched cohorts and one cohort of pre-hatch eggs of farmed barramundi (Lates calcarifer) from south Australia were examined for Chlamydia-like organisms associated with epitheliocystis. To identify and characterise the bacteria, 59 gill samples and three pre-hatch egg samples were processed for histology, in situ hybridisation and 16S rRNA amplification, sequencing and comprehensive phylogenetic analysis. Cases of epitheliocystis were observed microscopically and characterised by membrane-enclosed basophilic cysts filled with a granular material that caused hypertrophy of the epithelial cells. In situ hybridisation with a Chlamydiales-specific probe lead to specific labelling of the epitheliocystis inclusions within the gill epithelium. Two distinct but closely related 16S rRNA chlamydial sequences were amplified from gill DNA across the seven cohorts, including from pre-hatch eggs. These genotype sequences were found to be novel, sharing 97.1 - 97.5% similarity to the next closest 16S
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The first case of bovine chlamydial abortion was reported in canton Graubunden, Switzerland. In this region, Chlamydophila (Cp.) abortus is endemic in small ruminants. So the incidence of chlamydia-related abortions in cattle from this region was evaluated in this brandnew study - and a potential zoonotic risk was detected.
F.R. Rurangirwa, P.M. Dilbeck, T.B. Crawford, T.C. McGuire and T.F. McElwain: Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of micro-organism WSU 86-1044 from an aborted bovine foetus reveals that it is a member of the order Chlamydiales: proposal of Waddliaceae fam. nov., Waddlia chondrophila gen. nov., sp. nov. International Journal for Systematical Bacteriology 49: 577-581 (1999 ...
Environmental chlamydiae belonging to the Parachlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba, and are a risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia. However, whether amoebae harboring environmental chlamydiae actually survive in hospital environments is unknown. We therefore isolated living amoebae with symbiotic chlamydiae from hospital environments. One hundred smear samples were collected from Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan; 50 in winter (February to March, 2012) and 50 in summer (August, 2012), and used for the study. Acanthamoebae were isolated from the smear samples, and endosymbiotic chlamydial traits were assessed by infectivity, cytokine induction, and draft genomic analysis. From these, 23 amoebae were enriched on agar plates spread with heat-killed Escherichia coli. Amoeba prevalence was greater in the summer-collected samples (15/30, 50%) than those of the winter season (8/30, 26.7%), possibly indicating a seasonal variation (p = 0.096
TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents ...
Seroprevalence of IgG antibodies to the chlamydia-like microorganism Simkania Z by ELISA - Volume 122 Issue 1 - M. G. FRIEDMAN, A. GALIL, S. GREENBERG, S. KAHANE
The team discovered that one of these new groups of Chlamydiae is closely related to Chlamydia that cause disease in humans and other animals. inding that Chlamydia have marine sediment relatives, has given new insights into how chlamydial pathogens evolved, some of these new groups of Chlamydiae are exceptionally abundant in these ocean sediments.. Unfortunately, the researchers have as of yet been unable to grow these Chlamydiae or take images of them. Even if these Chlamydiae are not associated with a host organism, we expect that they require compounds from other microbes living in the marine sediments.. Additionally, the environment they live in is extreme, without oxygen and under high pressure, this makes growing them a challenge, explains Thijs Ettema. Nevertheless, the discovery of Chlamydiae in this unexpected environment challenges the current understanding of the biology of this ancient group of bacteria, and hints that additional Chlamydiae are awaiting to be discovered. The ...
Two contemporary effects of humans on aquatic ecosystems are increasing temperatures and increasing nutrient concentrations from fertilizers. The response of organisms to these perturbations has important implications for ecosystem processes. We examined the effects of phosphorus (P) supply and temperature on organismal carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus (C, N and P) content, cell size and allocation into internal P pools in three strains of recently isolated bacteria (Agrobacterium sp., Flavobacterium sp., and Arthrobacter sp.). We manipulated resource C:P in chemostats and also manipulated temperatures from 10 to 30ºC. Dilution rates were maintained for all the strains at approximately 25% of their temperature-specific maximum growth rate to simulate low growth rates in natural systems. Under these conditions, there were large effects of resource stoichiometry and temperature on biomass stoichiometry, element quotas, and cell size. Each strain was smaller when C-limited and larger when P-limited.
Wheelhouse, N., Flockhart, A., Aitchison, K., Livingstone, M., Finlayson, J., Flachon, V., …Longbottom, D. (2016). Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila. Scientific Reports. 6, 37150. doi:10.1038/srep37150. ISSN 2045-2322. ...
Chlamydiae is a unique bacterial evolutionary group that separated from other bacteria approximately a billion years ago.[9][10] The species from this group can be distinguished from all other bacteria by the presence of conserved indels in a number of proteins such as RNA polymerase alpha subunit, Gyrase B, Elongation factor-Tu and Elongation factor-P, and by large numbers of signature proteins that are uniquely present in different chlamydiae species.[11][12] Reports have varied as to whether Chlamydiae is related to Planctomycetales or Spirochaetes.[13][14] Genome sequencing, however, indicates that 11% of the genes in Candidatus Protochlamydia amoebophila UWE25 and 4% in Chlamydiaceae are most similar to chloroplast, plant, and cyanobacterial genes.[10] However, phylogeny and shared presence of conserved indels in proteins such as RNA polymerase Beta subunit and lysyl-tRNA synthetase indicate that Verrucomicrobia are the closest free-living relatives of these parasitic organisms.[15] ...
3) Archaeplastida are special: after being infected by chlamydia-like bacteria, the Archaeplastida lineage became resistant to over-infection by other chlamydiae. (If this is the case, it would be nice to know the molecular mechanisms responsible for the resistance. Can we make an Archaeplastida cell susceptible to infection by knocking-out specific genes? Are these genes derived from chlamyidiae? Or, the other way around, can we make an Archaeplastida cell susceptible to infection by adding specific genes from other eukaryotes? This knowledge could be useful to design new anti-chlamydial therapies ...
Future Space, the unique business workspace for science and technology-led companies, has exceeded its targets 12 months after opening its doors at the Frenchay Campus of the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol).. One year on, Future Space now has 27 companies, around 130 staff and is more than 60 per cent occupied.. With its range of dedicated, shared and co-working offices, labs, workshops, cafe, engagement spaces and meeting rooms, Future Space is designed to boost innovation, collaboration and inspiration.. The 4,100 sq m facility is expected to enable the creation of over 500 new jobs and generate more than £50m for the local economy.. UWE Bristol Vice-Chancellor Professor Steve West said, Future Space is a fantastic addition to UWE Bristol and we are delighted to see so many businesses choosing to base themselves here since it opened 12 months ago.. We are a real world university, committed to giving students the skills they need to be work-ready, and playing a key role in ...
UWE Tanning Beds Used and available immediately. We offer a wide selection of UWE Beds and UWE Standup tanning units at affordable prices
A method of producing normal-metal-clad superconductive oxide wire, tape and the like is disclosed. The method comprises forming an intermediate body by surrounding a quantity of the oxide powder (e.g., Ba2 YCu3 O6.9) with an appropriate normal metal jacket, reducing the cross section of the intermediate body by any appropriate technique (e.g., drawing or rolling), and heat treating the elongated body such that substantial sintering of the powder results, and such that, after completion of the heat treatment, the sintered oxide has a composition that is associated with superconductivity in unclad bulk samples of the oxide. The latter condition requires that at least the portion of the cladding that is in contact with the oxide powder is substantially inert with respect to oxygen and the oxide under the conditions of the heat treatment. Silver is the currently preferred inert normal metal. Exemplarily, Ag can be used to provide a diffusion barrier with other normal metal (e.g., Ni and Cu) surrounding the
It is around a ten minute walk from UWE and Filton abbey wood train station. It is a modern, spacious, new build along the bus route next to UWE. Rent is £360 per month / £90 a week. Bills are not included but we are told that they are cheap by the landlords. The house is very energy efficient and even has a solar panel for hot water. They estimate bills to be £20 a month all together ...
Prof. Dr. Uwe Klima is a Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgeon in Dubai. Book appointments online, view fees, user feedback for Prof. Dr. Uwe Klima | Okadoc
Urine power tests at UWE in Bristol are successful : Research into producing electricity from urine has been carried out by scientists at the University of the West of England UWE in Bristol It is claimed the publication of a research paper into the viability of urine as a fuel for Microbial Fuel
Chlamydia and Chlamydia‐like bacteria are well known to infect several organisms and may cause a wide range of diseases, particularly in ruminants. To gain insight into the prevalence and diversity of these intracellular bacteria, we applied a pan‐Chlamydiales real‐time PCR to 1,134 veterinary samples taken from 130 Tunisian ruminant herds. The true adjusted animal population‐level prevalence was ...
Chlamydia and Chlamydia‐like bacteria are well known to infect several organisms and may cause a wide range of diseases, particularly in ruminants. To gain insight into the prevalence and diversity of these intracellular bacteria, we applied a pan‐Chlamydiales real‐time PCR to 1,134 veterinary samples taken from 130 Tunisian ruminant herds. The true adjusted animal population‐level prevalence was ...
Data collection and base year analysis is done using data collection modules with large sample sizes. The market data is analyses and forecasted using market statistical and coherent models. Also market share analysis and key trend analysis are the major success factors in the market report. To know more please request an analyst call or can drop down your enquiry.. The key research methodology used by DBMR research team is data triangulation which involves data mining, analysis of the impact of data variables on the market, and primary (industry expert) validation. Apart from this, other data models include Vendor Positioning Grid, Market Time Line Analysis, Market Overview and Guide, Company Positioning Grid, Company Market Share Analysis, Standards of Measurement, Top to Bottom Analysis and Vendor Share Analysis. To know more about the research methodology, drop in an inquiry to speak to our industry experts.. Primary Respondents. Demand Side: Doctors, Surgeons, Medical Consultants, Nurses, ...
Eventbrite - SPS/SQLCambs presents Analyze and tune SQL Server like a BOSS by Uwe Ricken - Friday, 9 September 2016 at The Møller Centre, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. Find event and ticket information.
Buy Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology (9783527329892): NHBS - Klaus Buchholz, Volker Kasche, Uwe Theo Bornscheuer, John Wiley & Sons
B FRANKFURT.- /B Uwe Lausen s work ranks among the most powerful, yet hitherto still little-known positions of figurative painting in Germany i
Uwe Christians is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Quantification of the Immunosuppressant Tacrolimus on Dried Blood Spots Using LC-MS/MS
RICHLAND, WA--(Marketwired - Sep 26, 2017) - Advanced Medical Isotope Corporation (OTC PINK: ADMD), a late stage radiation oncology focused medical device company, is pleased to report positive results from the initial study of RadioGel™ at Washington State University (WSU). In the study, researchers at WSU used RadioGel to treat...
Lawn problems can be complex. Filling out this form and sending a sample to the WSU Puyallup Plant Clinic will give the turfgrass gurus insight they need into the cause of your lawn problem ...
Shop FIRST HORSEMAN:DISEASE IN HUMAN HISTORY at The Bookie - WSU Bookstore. Plus, check out our large selection of official gear for men, women, and kids, exclusive items, and more! Flat-rate shipping on your order.
Come on out and get your FREE Warrior Welcome Back Bag full of awesome WSU swag items on Wednesday, August 26, from 3 to 7 p.m. Cant make it to pick-up your bag? Dont worry! We will ...
Pdfs or Word document files were created and maintained by the WSU Regents Office. In 2017, those files were converted to pdf, OCRed, and optimized using Adobe Acrobat X before being uploaded into CONTENTdm ...
Pdfs or Word document files were created and maintained by the WSU Regents Office. In 2017, those files were converted to pdf, OCRed, and optimized using Adobe Acrobat X before being uploaded into CONTENTdm ...
Wichita State University offers a full slate of courses during the summer for to help students from WSU and other colleges accelerate their degree programs.
The expression of genes is a multi-step process that is tightly controlled on several levels - a large number of protein and RNA factors and DNA and RNA sequence elements enable the precise regulation of interacting gene products. According to our current understanding, this complexity in higher organisms is not achieved by a more complex repertoire of parts, i. e. genes, but instead by the more complex regulation of the parts. It is a key challenge to decipher these complex networks of players and interactions, and to move biology from case studies to an integrated, global approach.. Computational biology has become indispensable to analyze and ultimately make sense of the current large-scale data sets that look at the phenomenon of gene regulation from different angles. Our long term goal is to investigate how regulatory networks enable the correct development of complex organisms, with their multitude of cell types that carry out different functions despite the same genome. To this end, we ...
scientist and are rarely used as assessment vehicles at any level. The coursework will be submitted outside of the exam period and will be time restricted rather than word restricted. Additionally, the seminars which are designed to align with the taught lecture topics and evenly cover the whole module content, will provide an additional and contemporary source of information, to build upon student understanding from the lectures. Summative feedback will be provided after submission of the assignment, which will clearly identify areas of strength and will give constructive advice on areas for improvement. Both the contemporary content of the seminar series and the experience of searching for, summarising and presenting from a primary research article, will enhance the student appreciation of experimental design and interpretation of scientific data; and will provide a rich source of additional information, aligned with, but additional to, the taught content.. ...
Case Study Essay: Writing an essay demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the management of individuals with diabetes within the students practice area. (3000 words). The essay should include a brief history of the person, the pathophysiology of diabetes and how care was delivery in order to meet the persons healthcare needs. At level 3 you are expected to critically analyse, evaluate and synthesise the delivery of service in this case study. This should include some appreciation of how evidence based practice influence the service delivery.. ...
[T]he often advanced idea that American patients should have more skin in the game through higher cost sharing, inducing them to shop around for cost
Branson, A., Anjum, A., Bloodsworth, P., Habib, I. and McClatchey, R. (2010) Research traceability using provenance services for biomedical analysis and the neuGRID consortium. In: Solomonides,, T., Blanquer , I., Breton , V., Glatard , T. and Legré, Y., eds. (2010) Healthgrid Applications and Core Technologies. IOS Press, pp. 88-89. ISBN 9781607505822 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/13862 Branson, A., Hauer, T., McClatchey, R., Rouglin, D. and Shamdasani, J. (2008) A data model for integrating heterogeneous medical data in the health-e-child project. In: Solominides, T., Silverstein, J. C., Saltz, J., Legré, Y., Kratz, M., Foster, I., Breton, V. and Beck, J. R., eds. (2008) Global Healthgrid: e-Science Meets Biomedical Informatics. IOS Press, pp. 13-23. ISBN 9781586038748 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/13859 ...
2017 The Author(s). The order Chlamydiales are biphasic intracellular bacterial pathogens infecting humans and domesticated animals. Wildlife infections have also been reported, with the most studied example being Chlamydia pecorum infections in the koala, an iconic Australian marsupial. In koalas, molecular evidence suggests that spill-over from C. pecorum infected livestock imported into Australia may have had a historical or contemporary role. Despite preliminary evidence that other native Australian marsupials also carry C. pecorum, their potential as reservoirs of this pathogen and other Chlamydia-related bacteria (CRBs) has been understudied. Mucosal epithelial samples collected from over 200 native Australian marsupials of different species and geographic regions across Australia were PCR screened for Chlamydiales. Previously described and genetically distinct C. pecorum genotypes and a range of 16S rRNA genotypes sharing similarity to different CRBs in the broader Chlamydiales order were ...
The blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira (Perciformes, Lutjanidae) are cosmopolitan in the Indo-Pacific but were introduced into Oahu, Hawaii, USA, in the 1950s and have since colonized most of the archipelago. Studies of microparasites in blue-striped snappers from Hawaii revealed chlamydia-like organisms (CLO) infecting the spleen and kidney, characterized by intracellular basophilic granular inclusions containing Gram-negative and Gimenez-positive bacteria similar in appearance to epitheliocysts when seen under light microscopy. We provide molecular evidence that CLO are a new member of Chlamydiae, i.e. Candidatus Renichlamydia lutjani, that represents the first reported case of chlamydial infection in organs other than the gill in fishes. ...
Mots-cl s BDSP : Gonococcie, Bact riose, Infection, Bact rie, Pr valence, Programme sant , Diagnostic, Examen s rologique, Evaluation, Th rapeutique, D pistage, Communaut , Australie, Oc anie, Homme, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Pr vention, Th rapeutique m dicamenteuse. Mots-cl s Pascal : Gonococcie, Bact riose, Infection, Chlamydia, Chlamydiaceae, Chlamydiales, Bact rie, Pr valence, Programme sanitaire, Diagnostic, Etude transversale, R action cha ne polym rase, S rologie, Evaluation, Traitement, Aborig ne, Crit re ge, D pistage, Communaut , Australie, Oc anie, Homme, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Organisation sant , Pr vention, Biologie mol culaire, Chimioth rapie. Mots-cl s Pascal anglais : Gonococcal infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Chlamydia, Chlamydiaceae, Chlamydiales, Bacteria, Prevalence, Sanitary program, Diagnosis, Cross sectional study, Polymerase chain reaction, Serology, Evaluation, Treatment, Aboriginal, Age criterion, Medical screening, Community, Australia, ...
Recent taxonomic analysis using the 16S and 23S rRNA genes have found that the order Chlamydiales contains at least four distinct groups at the family level and that within the order Chlamydiaceae are two distinct lineages. Chlamydiae also share a group-specific lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antigen and utilize host adenosine triphosphate for the synthesis of chlamydial protein. Beatty and coworkers demonstrated that the addition of 0.2 ng/ml of IFN-γ inhibited intracellular growth of Chlamydia trachomatis in HeLa cells by induction of the indoleamine 2,3- dioxygenase, leading to a persistent state. The development of large aberrant reticulate body (RB) forms combined with the absence of elementary bodies (EBs) was characteristic of persistent C. trachomatis infection. C. pneumoniae is a common human respiratory pathogen, affecting all ages with a worldwide distribution. While C. pneumoniae appears to be clearly associated with asthma exacerbations, it has also been hypothesized to have a role in asthma
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; PVC group; Chlamydiae; Chlamydiia; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia; Chlamydia ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; PVC group; Chlamydiae; Chlamydiia; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia; Chlamydia ...
PULLMAN, Wash. - Professor Tom Kawula will be the new director of the Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health at Washington State University beginning Oct. 1.. He succeeds Guy Palmer who stepped down last year to assume a larger role as WSUs senior director of global health. Palmer promotes both the WSU veterinary college and broader WSU interests as part of the universitys development of a medical school and its Grand Challenge of Sustaining Health (https://research.wsu.edu/research-initiatives/grand-challenges/).. Interim director Doug Call will resume his role as associate director for research and graduate education in the Allen School and continue his role in directing WSUs initiative in combating antimicrobial resistance.. I am drawn by both the mission and the interdisciplinary approach of the Allen School to provide innovative solutions to global health challenges that result at the interface of animals, humans and their shared environment, said Kawula. As the founding ...
The catch of the day were huge schools of spearing or Atlantic silversides in many locations. This is an important forage fish for larger fish including striped bass and bluefish, as well as for wading birds. The other notable catch was several young-of-year (yoy) silver perch or sand perch found near the mouth of Many Mind Creek in Atlantic Highlands. This was the first time this species was encountered in any Seine the Bay Day event. The silver perch is a small drum with a silvery body and yellowish fins. It is commonly found in Chesapeake Bay, where it lives year-round, mostly in shallow waters from spring to autumn ...
The activity of the enzymes located in the digestive tract (pyloric caeca and intestine) in two strains and F1 crosses of the Australian freshwater fish silver perch [Murray River (M) and Cataract Dam (C)] was evaluated. The effect of the fish holding system (cages or ponds) on the activity of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and the brush border enzymes: maltase, leucine amino peptidase (LAP) and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) was examined. The enzymatic activity was tested in three intestinal sections: the pyloric caeca, upper and lower intestine. All the tested enzyme activities were influenced by an interaction between the intestinal section and the strain or cross of silver perch. For fish maintained in ponds, there were two distinct enzymatic activity patterns, one for the pure strains (C × C and M × M) and one for the crosses (C × M and M × C). Significantly higher (P
Pedro Lafargue, PhD student in the Science Communication Unit and Centre for Research in Biosciences at UWE Bristol, talks about his PhD.
in May 1995.. He specializes in production economics, farm management and natural resources. As a department head, he has administrative responsibility for the Department of Agricultural Economics teaching, research and extension programs. Since his arrival at KSU, Bernardo has directed several new initiatives including facility renovation and the Master in Agribusiness distance learning program. His research on irrigation management, rangeland economics and water quality policy has been published in scholarly journals across a variety of disciplines.. Cavalieri has been a member of the WSU faculty since 1985. He served as chair of the Department of Biological Systems Engineering from 1991-2000.. His research has focused on food and postharvest engineering topics and includes work dealing with new sensors and controls for the tree fruit and processed vegetable industries. Cavalieri is the editor of the international research journal, Postharvest Biology and Technology. He received a doctorate ...
Thank you for your interest in NMR Spectroscopy at WSU!. To become a user of the NMR Centers instruments, you will need to sign up for training here. Training and account setup are usually completed in two sessions. The first session is an introduction and lecture on the operation of one of our spectrometers, sample handling, safety, data collection and storage, and some data processing. We also set up your account so that you can reserve instrument time, and log into the instruments. You are also assigned a door code for 24/7 access to the facility. During the second session you will bring your own sample to run, and practice your skills. You can ask questions or seek further training at that point. NMR users at WSU are mostly self-sufficient-users run their own samples and experiments, collect and file data, and do data processing independently. Two Ph.D. Scientists are available for assistance during the week and by e-mail. To sign up, use the New User Training Form.. ...
Washington State University Vancouver (WSUV) is hiring for two open positions in their Ecohydrology Lab: Postdoctoral Research Associate in Global Environmental Change and/or Urban Ecohydrology and Graduate Assistantship in Global Environmental Change and/or Urban Ecohydrology. Check these links for detailed information on each position.. For the Postdoctoral RA position: Please apply as soon as possible by emailing [email protected]: (1) a letter describing your interests and experiences relevant to the position (maximum 3 pages single-spaced), (2) current CV, (3) contact information for three professional references. Priority application deadline November 1, 2019 for immediate review toward possible hire, but applications will be accepted until the position is filled.. For the Graduate Assistantship Position: Please send an email of inquiry/interest as soon as possible to [email protected] and please attach a CV/resume that includes GPA and GRE scores, if possible. Complete ...
A Vision for an INTERNATIONAL BEAR CENTER at Washington State University[image img_src=https://bearcenter.wsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2190/2016/03/bear-view-small.jpg img_id=410 alt=A watercolor sketch of a bear facility next to a river and forest ]The International Bear Center would increase the space available…
One semester animal and plant tissue culture upper level biotechnology course designed primarily for visual instruction. Unit 1, Cells, has 7 animations and 2 videos. Unit 2, Animal TC, has 2 mandatory virtual labs and 1 mandatory biosafety training tutorial (highlighted in red), 20 videos and 8 articles. Unit 3, Plant TC, has 12 videos and 4 articles. Videos are highlighted in blue, articles in green and animations in yellow. Smyth 2017 BT375 WSU
A 2011 WSU patent and description of a complex acid structure (baba) that when applied to fruit tree flowers prior to emerging will protect the developing fruit. I would like to see it tested in our area, for example protecting freezes on apricots that are not sheltered from cold rain events at the HOS gardens in Canby Oregon ...
Who doesnt want a flock of happy chickens that come running when you approach them? Though some people prioritize traits such as egg production, cold hardiness, outward appearances if raising for show, chicken size, or growth speed, for those of us backyard flock keepers, having friendly chickens as our pets is a big reason we own chickens in the first place.
Uwe (Peter) Feldtmann wrote: , Thank you. My confusion came from being on the twisted and nevow lists. , , Should we discuss nevow here or on divmod? Here in twisted-web. AFAIK, there is no Nevow discussion on divmod but it may be that Im not subscribed to the right divmod list ;-). - Matt , , Matt Goodall wrote: , ,, Uwe (Peter) Feldtmann wrote: ,, ,,, Can someone tell me where Nevow starts and where Twisted ends? I ,,, think Nevow needs Twisted but where is the development source held? ,,, Is it at nevow.com divmod.org or in the Twisted source tree? ,, ,, ,, ,, Nevow code is at divmod.org. Twisted code is at twistedmatrix.com. ,, ,, Strictly speaking, Nevow doesnt need Twisted or rather, Nevow should ,, be able to function without Twisted. However, there are twisted ,, imports and a few Twisted-specific bits of code in Nevow. ,, ,, To be honest, Im not sure if anyone is that interested in ,, *completely* separating Nevow from Twisted. You can use Nevow outside ,, of a Twisted event loop ...
'Onto REM' combines cutting edge requirements alongside project and business timelines, shaping the next generation of aircraft.
The invention relates to novel radiotherapeutic formulations containing |highlight||superscript|224|/superscript||/highlight|Ra and methods for their production. The invention discloses, in particular
Samuel Neves ,samuel.c.p.neves at gmail.com, writes: , - If the file C:\texlive\2016\release-texlive.txt does not exist---which was , the case in my installation for some reason---it will try to fread out of a NULL , pointer, and this was most likely the reason for the crash observed by Uwe. Great analysis, Simon! I can confirm that tlmgr-gui.exe runs perfectly fine as soon as release-texlive.txt exists. I copied that file from tl15 and updated the version info. After that the crash was gone. Perhaps release-texlive.txt does not (yet) exist because its still pretest. -- Uwe ...
Seasonal celebration & sing along to famous wartime songs with Bristol Schools Philharmonia, UWE instrumentalists, Gurt Lush Choir and UWE singers
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has gifted Washington State University with the largest private grant in its 116-year history.
Find the training resources you need for all your activities. Studyres contains millions of educational documents, questions and answers, notes about the course, tutoring questions, cards and course recommendations that will help you learn and learn.
A Washington State University researcher has developed a way to reduce the development of cancer cells that are an infrequent but dangerous byproduct of gene therapy.
Youll also have the opportunity to contribute to some of the most important scientific questions of our time: How do your brain cells allow you to hear music, form memories, feel pain, become addicted to drugs? Learn how the brain and nervous system are altered in disorders like epilepsy, glaucoma, schizophrenia and Parkinsons.. ...
This publication addresses the common misconceptions associated with products labeled natural and organic, and describes related insecticides intended for home gardening. Categories include biolog ...
A Wayne State University School of Medicine physician-researcher has developed a personalized therapy to treat a wide range of cancers. The treatment is based on a naturally occurring human enzyme that has been genetically modified to fool cancer ce...
Julia Lienard is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Discovery of New Intracellular Pathogens by Amoebal Coculture and Amoebal Enrichment Approaches
The delay that I observe is when I type ctrl+C after I str() a long list. Since str() comes from the core R installation, maybe it should be improved? , R can or cannot response immediately depending on the underlying C sources. , If the underlying source code is written carefully enough, there are more or , less regular checks for events such as this one. , If you are using some contributed package, it may be an issue in this , packages source code. , , Best wishes, , Uwe Ligges , , , , , Peng Yu wrote: ,, ,, Occasionally, I start a command (taking long time to finish) that I ,, did not really want to start. I type ctrl+C to try to quit the ,, execution. However, R does not quit the execution of the command ,, immediately. Im wondering if R could response to ctrl+C immediately. ,, ,, ______________________________________________ ,, R-help at r-project.org mailing list ,, https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help ,, PLEASE do read the posting guide ,, ...
2016-05-30 23:38 GMT+02:00 Reinhard Kotucha ,reinhard.kotucha at web.de,: , On 2016-05-30 at 13:55:49 +0200, Uwe Siart wrote: , , , Bernhard Kleine ,bernhard.kleine at gmx.net, writes: , , , , , On my win7 box, closing the tlmgr (pretest and all before) takes , , , at least 30 sec, in my mind very long. Is there a reason behind? , , , , Ive been observing this ever since. Just didnt care. As we know , , from Java, platform independent programming environments (as is , , Tcl/Tk) tend to be slow. Perhaps this is simply the price to pay , , for platform independence. , , It takes much less than a second to close tlmgr on Linux. Hence its , obviously a Windows issue. Unless there is a program like strace for , Windows its nearly impossible to find out whats going on. Maybe one , could examine with Cygwin, but I fear that the problem cant be solved , anyway because a program has no influence on what happens after its , finished. Of course, the O/S has to close open files and reclaim , memory, ...
Germany. Represented by:. Markus Höfliger, Thomas Weller. Peter Claußnitzer, Uwe Amann, Heinrich Havenstein. Contact:. Phone: +49 7191 501-0. Fax: +49 7191 501-5244. Email: [email protected] Register entry:. Entry in the commercial register. Registry Court: Stuttgart District Court. Registration number: 270490. Value-added tax:. Value-added tax ID number under § 27(a) of the German VAT Act:. DE 144693557. Liability for content. Pursuant to § 7(1) German Telemedia Act (TMG), as the service provider we are responsible for our own content in accordance with general legislation. However, pursuant to §§ 8-10 TMG, as a service provider we are not obligated to monitor transmitted or saved third-party information, or to research this information in circumstances that suggest unlawful activity.. Obligations to remove and block the use of information in accordance with general legislation remain unaffected by the foregoing. Liability in this regard, however, is first assumed from the time knowledge ...
Le Blanc, Katarina; Götherström, Cecilia; Ringdén, Olle; Hassan, Moustapha; McMahon, Robert; Horwitz, Edwin; Anneren, Göran; Axelsson, Ove; Nunn, Janice; Ewald, Uwe; Nordén-Lindeberg, Solveig; Jansson, Monika; Dalton, Ann; Aström, Eva; Westgren, Magnus (2005-06-15) ...
Le Blanc, Katarina; Götherström, Cecilia; Ringdén, Olle; Hassan, Moustapha; McMahon, Robert; Horwitz, Edwin; Anneren, Göran; Axelsson, Ove; Nunn, Janice; Ewald, Uwe; Nordén-Lindeberg, Solveig; Jansson, Monika; Dalton, Ann; Aström, Eva; Westgren, Magnus (2005-06-15) ...
Ili kuhakikisha mnafanya mapenzi salama wakati mnahusisha mwingiliano kati ya uume na uke, lazima mchukue tahadhari. Tahadhari mojawapo ni uaminifu katika mapenzi, kwa maana wewe uwe mwaminifu na yeye awe mwaminifu. Lakini pia inabidi muwe na uhakika kwamba wote wawili hamjaambukizwa magonjwa wakati mnapojamiiana kwa mara ya kwanza. Tahadhari nyingine ni kutumia kondomu. Kondomu inazuia mimba pamoja na magonjwa ya zinaa. Kuwa mwaminifu pekee yake haitoshi kama mmoja wenu au wote wawili mliwahi kujihusisha na uhusiano wa kimapenzi ambao haukuwa salama. Kama kweli mnataka kuwa upande wa uhakika wote ni vyema kwenda kupima Virusi vya Ukimwi kwa hiari… soma zaidi ...
by Uwe A. Schneider & Juraj Balkovic & Stephane de Cara & Oskar Franklin & Steffen Fritz & Petr Havlik & Ingo Huck & Kerstin Jantke & A. Maarit I. Kallio & Florian Klaxner & Alexander Moiseyev & Michael Obersteiner & Chrystalyn Ivie Ramos & Christine Schleupner & Erwin Schmid & Dagmar Schwab & Ratislav Skalsky ...
U3O8 Corp. (TSX:UWE)(OTCQX:UWEFF), a Canadian-based company focused on exploration and resource expansion of uranium and associated...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Steven C Munger, Anirudh Natarajan, Loren L Looger, Uwe Ohler, Blanche Capel].
Nitsch, Doris; Ruppert, Siegfried; Kelsey, G. D.; Schedl, A.; Weih, Falk; Stewart, A. F.; Strähle, Uwe; Schmid, Wolfgang; DeVack, Carol; Reik, A.; Boshart, Michael und Schütz, Günther (1991): Hormonal and liver-specific control of expression of the tyrosine aminotransferase gene. In: Cohen, P. und Foulkes, J. G. (Hrsg.): Molecular Aspects of Cellular Regulation. Amsterdam: Elsevier. S. 433-444 [PDF, 1MB] ...
Daniela Zühlke, Kirsten Dörries, Jörg Bernhardt, Sandra Maaß, Jan Muntel, Volkmar Liebscher, Jan Pané-Farré, Katharina Riedel, Michael Lalk, Uwe Völker, Susanne Engelmann, Dörte Becher, Stephan Fuchs, Michael Hecker ...
Research done by scientists at the University of the West of England (UWE) in Bristol has for the first time shown the possibility of producing electricity from human urine ...
Get this from a library! Small molecules in oncology. [Uwe M Martens;] -- Extensive research into the molecular mechanisms of cancer has heralded a new age of targeted therapy. The field of personalized cancer therapy is now growing rapidly, and the progress being made ...
9:30 Arrival ITG/Campus North Welcome note Uwe Strähle & Stefan Bräse (Directors ITG) 10:00 - 12:00 Short talks of group leaders ITG 12:00 - 13:30 Lunch 13:30 - 14:30 Site visit ANKA (Synchrotron) 14:30 - 17:00 Site visit ITG 18:00 Conference-eve reception including dinner Welcome note Prof. Asashima (JSPS) ...
The order Chlamydiales was created by Storz and Page in 1971. The class Chlamydiia was recently validly published. Between 1989 ... order Chlamydiales)". Appl Environ Microbiol. 79 (5): 1590-1597. doi:10.1128/AEM.02899-12. PMC 3591964. PMID 23275507. Kuo C-C ... Thomas V, Casson N, Greub G (2006). "Criblamydia sequanensis, a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water ... Everett KD, Bush RM, Andersen AA (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov ...
Chlamydiales Storz & Page 1971 emend. Everett et al. 1999 Parachlamydiales Gupta et al. 2016 This section lists the orders of ...
A major re-description of the Chlamydiales order in 1999, using the then new techniques of DNA analysis, split three of the ... Chlamydia is part of the order Chlamydiales, family Chlamydiaceae. In the early 1990s six species of Chlamydia were known. ... Everett KD, Bush RM, Andersen AA (April 1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae ... "BLAST screening of chlamydial genomes to identify signature proteins that are unique for the Chlamydiales, Chlamydiaceae, ...
Everett KD, Bush RM, Andersen AA (April 1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae ...
Apr 1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., ...
Everett, K. D. E.; Bush, R. M.; Andersen, A. A. (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of ...
... is a controversial bacterial genus belonging to the family Chlamydiaceae, order Chlamydiales, class/phylum ... "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each ... "BLAST screening of chlamydial genomes to identify signature proteins that are unique for the Chlamydiales, Chlamydiaceae, ...
Feline vaccination Everett KD, Bush RM, Andersen AA (April 1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of ...
Similar to other Chlamydiales, it is commonly found in two developmental stages, the first of which is the elementary body, ... No other bacteria in Chlamydiales have been found to encode for a system similar to the one present in P. acanthamoebae. This ... set out to determine the characteristics that specifically distinguish all the families in the order Chlamydiales, and in doing ... Everett, Karin; Bush, Robin; Andersen, Arthur (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of ...
... is a family of bacteria in the order Chlamydiales. Species in this family have a Chlamydia-like cycle of ... "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each ...
These gene sequences are 82%-87% identical to those of most Chlamydiales. These data and Rhabdochlamydia morphology indicate ... that these species will belong to the order Chlamydiales, class Chlamydiae, phylum Chlamydiae, domain Bacteria. Candidatus ...
Bacteria in the Chlamydiales, also a member of the PVC superphylum, also lack FtsZ. Although bacteria in the Planctomycetes ...
... is a family of bacteria in the order Chlamydiales, class Chlamydiae, phylum Chlamydiae, domain Bacteria. Species ...
The Chlamydiaceae are a family of gram-negative bacteria that belongs to the phylum Chlamydiae, order Chlamydiales. ...
It exhibits some similarities with the Chlamydiales reported in marine invertebrates, but differs in the morphology of its ...
... order Chlamydiales, and genus Chlamydophila. It is rod-shaped and Gram-negative. It has a characteristic pear-shaped elementary ...
Chlamydiales and Parachlamydiales ord. nov., and emended description of the class Chlamydiia". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 108 (3 ...
Chlamydiales, Planctomycetes and Aquificales. This CSI is absent in other ancestral bacterial phyla as well as Archaea. In both ... Chlamydiales, Planctomycetes and Aquificales species. This CSI is absent in other ancestral bacterial phyla as well as Archaea ...
... live in animals, insects, and protozoa. The order Chlamydiales belongs to the class Chlamydiae, phylum Chlamydiae ... At present, Chlamydiae and Chlamydiales are essentially synonymous. Currently, the order Chlamydiales includes the families ... "Chlamydiales". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved ... The bacterial order Chlamydiales includes only obligately intracellular bacteria that have a chlamydia-like developmental cycle ...
En 1966, as clamidias foron recoñecidas como bacterias e o foi validado o xénero Chlamydia.[3] A orde Chlamydiales foi creada ... Everett K, Bush R, Andersen A (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. ... Chlamydiales ord. nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 21 (4): 332-334. doi:10.1099/00207713-21-4-332.. ... Conserved Indels in Essential Proteins that are Distinctive Characteristics of Chlamydiales and Provide Novel Means for Their ...
C. trachomatis és un patogen intracel·lular estricte (és a dir, només es multiplica dins de cèl·lules humanes) i pot generar estats de malaltia molt diversos tant en homes com en dones, des de totalment asimptomàtics a sèpsies greus.[1] Ambdós sexes poden mostrar uretritis,[17] proctitis (inflamació rectal que sagna amb molta freqüència),[18] tracoma i infertilitat. El bacteri pot provocar prostatitis i epididimitis en homes. En dones les complicacions més freqüents són la cervicitis (inflamació del cèrvix, de vegades amb exsudació mucopurulenta), la malaltia inflamatòria pelviana, l'embaràs ectòpic)[19] i dolor pelvià agut o crònic. Un alt nombre de dones infèrtils com a conseqüència d'oclusió tubàrica té positivitat serològica al paràsit, malgrat no haver presentat prèviament simptomatologia rellevant la majoria d'elles.[20] C. trachomatis pot originar una síndrome de Fitz-Hugh-Curtis (una perihepatitis aguda amb bandes fibrinoses adherents a l'espai subfrènic ...
Chlamydiales. Spirochaetes. Spirochaetes. Spirochaetales. Fibrobacteres. Fibrobacteres. Fibrobacterales. Acidobacteria. ...
Order Chlamydiales[sunting , sunting sumber]. *Famili Chlamydiaceae *Genus Chlamydia. *Genus Chlamydophila. *Famili ...
Chlamydiales live in animals, insects, and protozoa. The order Chlamydiales belongs to the class Chlamydiae, phylum Chlamydiae ... At present, Chlamydiae and Chlamydiales are essentially synonymous. Currently, the order Chlamydiales includes the families ... "Chlamydiales". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved ... The bacterial order Chlamydiales includes only obligately intracellular bacteria that have a chlamydia-like developmental cycle ...
The fact that, even for smaller genomes of Chlamydiales, core genes represent over a quarter of the average protein complement ... reflecting a coherent repertoire of cellular capabilities for Chlamydiales. We further investigate over 2,000 genes without ... point to future research directions towards a better understanding of the structural and functional properties of Chlamydiales. ... The entire publicly available set of 37 genome sequences from the bacterial order Chlamydiales has been subjected to ...
... ricinus and associated Chlamydiales over Switzerland from 2009 to 2019. We used a total of 2293 ticks and 186 Chlamydiales ... For Chlamydiales bacteria, the suitability was favoured by lower percentage of artificial surfaces, driest conditions, high ... We used a total of 2293 ticks and 186 Chlamydiales occurrences provided by a Swiss Army field campaign, a collaborative ... From 2009 to 2018, we observed an extension of tick and Chlamydiales suitable areas, associated with a shift towards higher ...
In this report a reclassification of the order Chlamydiales and its current taxa is proposed. This proposal retains currently ... Emended descriptions for the order Chlamydiales and for the family Chlamydiaceae are provided. These families, genera and ... Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each ... 16S and 23S rRNA genes are presented with corroborating genetic and phenotypic information to show that the order Chlamydiales ...
PhyloViz: phylogenetic tree vizualisation - Chlamydiales isolates. This plugin uploads data for analysis within the PhyloViz ...
Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) of Chlamydiales Martina Jelocnik 1 , Adam Polkinghorne 2 , Yvonne Pannekoek 3 ... Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) of Chlamydiales Martina Jelocnik et al. Methods Mol Biol. 2019. . ... the principles and molecular approaches for generating MLST data for an analysis of a bacteria in the order Chlamydiales, using ...
The order Chlamydiales was created by Storz and Page in 1971. The class Chlamydiia was recently validly published. Between 1989 ... order Chlamydiales)". Appl Environ Microbiol. 79 (5): 1590-1597. doi:10.1128/AEM.02899-12. PMC 3591964. PMID 23275507. Kuo C-C ... Thomas V, Casson N, Greub G (2006). "Criblamydia sequanensis, a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water ... Everett KD, Bush RM, Andersen AA (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov ...
Chlamydiales and Rickettsiales. Chlamydiales and Rickettsiales are intracellular bacteria that are relatively common in bivalve ... It is unclear if the RLOs are a significant problem for the clams No Chlamydiales-like organisms were observed in any of the ... Chlamydiales-like organisms (CLO) and Rickettsiales-like organisms (RLO) are identified by examining tissue sections for ... Other potential pathogens of M. mercenaria include common bacteria in the environment, such as Chlamydiales and Rickettsiales. ...
We detected eight previously observed Chlamydiales genotypes as well as 10 new Chlamydiales sequences from these five ... The Chlamydiales are a unique order of intracellular bacterial pathogens that cause significant disease of birds and animals, ... These findings provide further evidence that novel Chlamydiales infections occur in a wide range of hosts and that, in some of ... We therefore used a 16S rDNA PCR assay combined with direct sequencing to determine the presence and genotype of Chlamydiales ...
Results: Pan-Chlamydiales specific PCR assays confirmed the common presence of Chlamydiales in Australian ticks parasitising a ... the Chlamydiales diversity that could be resolved indicated that Australian ticks carry at least six novel Chlamydiales ... Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequences (663 bp) of these novel Chlamydiales suggests that three of these genotypes are ... In the current study, we investigated the presence and identity of Chlamydiales in 438 ixodid ticks parasitizing wildlife in ...
order Chlamydiales). We propose to call this bacterium Waddlia cocoyoc.. EID. Pierlé S, Morales C, Martínez L, Ceballos N, ...
Phylum Chlamydiae, Order Chlamydiales 485. Order Actinomycetales 487. Phylum Firmicutes, Order Bacillales 496 ...
An increase, albeit at low levels, was also shown by β-Proteobacteria and Chlamydiales-Verrucomicrobia groups at HT. At LT, an ... Conversely, diversity of α-Proteobacteria, β-Proteobacteria, and Chlamydiales-Verrucomicrobia group increased at high tides. To ... Chlamydiales-Verrucomicrobia group and Gram-positive bacteria, as shown in Fig. 2. Phylogenetic tree of microbiota identified ...
Tree display perl modules by Li Heng.(Ruan et al. (2008)"TreeFam: 2008 Update." Nucleic Acid Res. 36 (Database issue):D735-40 ...
... and in Chlamydiales (Hsia et al., 1997; Hefty & Stephens, 2007). The latter appears to be most divergent from the other T3SS. ...
Some of the most interesting data on Inc proteins has come from Chlamydiales genomic comparisons, where 20 open reading frames ... Protease-like activating factor (CPAF) is unique to Chlamydiales and likely critical to host adaptive immunity. Many of the ... It was surprising that Chlamydiales had many proteins that were similar to plant proteins targeted to the chloroplast. ... From these studies, a number of findings are revealing the mechanisms by which Chlamydiales diverge. ...
Taxonavigation: Chlamydiales Prokaryota. Superregnum: Bacteria. Regnum: Bacteria. Group: PVC group. Phylum: Chlamydiae. Classis ... 16S rRNA gene of micro-organism WSU 86-1044 from an aborted bovine foetus reveals that it is a member of the order Chlamydiales ...
Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; OC Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia. OX NCBI_TaxID=272561; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [ ...
Bacteria; Chlamydiae; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydia/Chlamydophila group; Chlamydia. Data source. GenBank (Assembly: ...
Results indicated, with a high degree of confidence, that the bacterium was a Neochlamydia species in the Order Chlamydiales. ... Order Chlamydiales) clones WB13 (AY225593.1) and WB258 (AY225594.1). Sequence-specific riboprobes localized to inclusions ... which branched with Neochlamydia hartmannellae in the Order Chlamydiales with high confidence. This is the first molecular ...
Show author(s) 2018. Genotyping of Candidatus Syngnamydia salmonis (chlamydiales; Simkaniaceae) co-cultured in Paramoeba ...
Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each ... Criblamydia sequanensis, a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water using amoeba coculture. Environ ...
Chlamydia and Chlamydiales: more than meets the eye. Vet. Microbiol. 75: 109-126. ...
... chlamydiales; Simkaniaceae) co-cultured in Paramoeba perurans (amoebozoa; Paramoebidae). Archives of Microbiology. 859-867. ... Chlamydiales, Simkaniaceae), a bacterium associated with epitheliocystis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Archives of ...
Order Chlamydiales [II] *Family Chlamydiaceae [I] *Genus Chlamydia [I]. *Order Rickettsiales [I] *Family Anaplasmataceae [III] ...
34(8):1897-1902). Characterization of the rnpB gene in the order Chlamydiales (Herrmann, et al., 2000, Int. J. Syst. Evol. ... "Characterization of the RNPB Gene and RNASE P RNA in the Order Chlamydiales" Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2000. 50: 149-158. ... "Rapid Detection of the Chlamydiaceae and Other Families in the Order Chlamydiales; Three PCR Tests" J Clin Microbiol. 1999. 37( ... 38:1085-1093). Rapid detection of the Chlamydiaceae and other families in the order Chlamydiales has also been reported using ...
Funding: HHMI awards to Kenyon College, 2000, 2004 Reviewed by: Focus on Microbiology Education, Jennifer L. Taylor, Summer 2005. Licensed for use, ASM MicrobeLibrary Recommended Sites: NCBI Taxonomy, NCBI Microbial Genomes, The Prokaryotes: An Evolving Electronic Resource, LBSN List of Bacterial Names, MB409 Microbial Diversity, Science, PNAS, ASM Journals, Nature Copyright notice. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for noncommercial personal purposes. Please credit our site for use. Materials on our site obtained with permission from other sources require permission from those sources for further reproduction. Disclaimer. Information on this site is provided solely for educational purposes. Medical questions should be referred to a physician. ...
Copyright notice. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for noncommercial personal purposes. Please credit our site for use. Materials on our site obtained with permission from other sources require permission from those sources for further reproduction. Disclaimer. Information on this site is provided solely for educational purposes. Medical questions should be referred to a physician. ...
Type ordo: Chlamydiales Storz & Page, 1971. References. *T. Cavalier-Smith: The neomuran origin of archaebacteria, the ... In 1966, Chlamydiae were recognized as bacteria and the genus Chlamydia was validated.[3] The Order Chlamydiales was created by ... Greub G, Raoult D (2003). "History of the ADP/ATP-translocase-encoding gene, a parasitism gene transferred from a Chlamydiales ... Everett K, Bush R, Andersen A (1999). "Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. ...
  • The bacterial order Chlamydiales includes only obligately intracellular bacteria that have a chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication and at least 80% 16S rRNA or 23S rRNA gene sequence identity with other members of Chlamydiales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, we describe the principles and molecular approaches for generating MLST data for an analysis of a bacteria in the order Chlamydiales, using a Chlamydia pecorum-specific MLST scheme as an example. (cdc.gov)
  • Some of the most interesting data on Inc proteins has come from Chlamydiales genomic comparisons, where 20 open reading frames were identified for the genus Chlamydia . (asmscience.org)
  • Taxonomy of the Chlamydiae: reasons for classifying organisms of the genus Chlamydia, family Chlamydiaceae, in a separate order, Chlamydiales ord. (thefullwiki.org)
  • O termo chlamydia (que en grego significa manto) apareceu na literatura en 1945, aínda que recibiron tamén outros nomes como Bedsonia, Miyagawanella, axentes da ornitose, do TRIC, e do PLT. (wikipedia.org)
  • En 1966, as clamidias foron recoñecidas como bacterias e o foi validado o xénero Chlamydia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlamydia and Chlamydiales: more than meets the eye. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Simkania negevensis is a novel Chlamydia-related bacterium and the founding member of the Simkaniaceae family within the Chlamydiales order. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Currently, the order Chlamydiales includes the families Chlamydiaceae, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae, which have Gram-negative extracellular infectious bodies (EBs), and Parachlamydiaceae, which has variable Gram staining of EBs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, phylogenetic analyses of the 16S and 23S rRNA genes are presented with corroborating genetic and phenotypic information to show that the order Chlamydiales contains at least four distinct groups at the family level and that within the Chlamydiaceae are two distinct lineages which branch into nine separate clusters. (nih.gov)
  • Emended descriptions for the order Chlamydiales and for the family Chlamydiaceae are provided. (nih.gov)
  • The Chlamydiales order as recently described contains the families Chlamydiaceae, and the Clanchiamydiaceae, while the new Parachlamydiales order harbors the remaining seven families. (wikipedia.org)
  • Everett K.D.E.et al.Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam.nov. and Simkaniaceae fam.nov.,each containing one mono typic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms //Inter.J.Syst.Bacterial.v1999.v Vol.49.v P.415 v440. (veterinar.ru)
  • This term derives from the name of the bacterial genus Chlamydiain the family Chlamydiaceae, order Chlamydiales, class and phylum Chlamydiae. (prospecbio.com)
  • The order Chlamydiales belongs to the class Chlamydiae, phylum Chlamydiae, domain Bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • We then used the Maxent modelling technique to estimate the suitability for I. ricinus and to subsequently build the nested niche of Chlamydiales bacteria. (medworm.com)
  • For Chlamydiales bacteria, the suitability was favoured by lower percentage of artificial surfaces, driest conditions, high precipitation during coldest months and short distances to wetlands. (medworm.com)
  • Other potential pathogens of M. mercenaria include common bacteria in the environment, such as Chlamydiales and Rickettsiales . (ufl.edu)
  • Chlamydiales and Rickettsiales are intracellular bacteria that are relatively common in bivalve molluscs. (ufl.edu)
  • Bacteria comprising the Chlamydiales were thought to be one of the few exceptions. (nih.gov)
  • y determinar su genotipo en individuos con potencial riesgo de exposición a la bacteria. (scielo.org.co)
  • At present, Chlamydiae and Chlamydiales are essentially synonymous. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phylum presently consist of two orders (Chlamydiales, Parachlamydiales) and nine families within a single class (Chlamydiia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Organisms of the order Chlamydiales comprise a group of obligate intracellular pathogens of ever-growing importance and number. (asmscience.org)
  • Chlamydiales-like organisms (CLO) and Rickettsiales-like organisms (RLO) are identified by examining tissue sections for swollen cells filled with inclusion bodies, which result as the organisms proliferate (Figure 3). (ufl.edu)
  • The entire publicly available set of 37 genome sequences from the bacterial order Chlamydiales has been subjected to comparative analysis in order to reveal the salient features of this pangenome and its evolutionary history. (mdpi.com)
  • Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. (nih.gov)
  • In this report a reclassification of the order Chlamydiales and its current taxa is proposed. (nih.gov)
  • The Chlamydiales are a unique order of intracellular bacterial pathogens that cause significant disease of birds and animals, including humans. (edu.au)
  • The order Chlamydiales was created by Storz and Page in 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of micro-organism WSU 86-1044 from an aborted bovine foetus reveals that it is a member of the order Chlamydiales: proposal of Waddliaceae fam. (wikimedia.org)
  • Results indicated, with a high degree of confidence, that the bacterium was a Neochlamydia species in the Order Chlamydiales. (usda.gov)
  • Order Chlamydiales) clones WB13 (AY225593.1) and WB258 (AY225594.1). (usda.gov)
  • Taxonomic affiliation was inferred by distance- and parsimony-based phylogenetic analyses of the 16S sequence, which branched with Neochlamydia hartmannellae in the Order Chlamydiales with high confidence. (usda.gov)
  • Like all other members of the Chlamydiales order, Estrella possesses a highly conserved type III secretion system, considered as a key virulence factor. (frontiersin.org)
  • Everett KDE, Bush RM, Anderssen AA (1999) Embedded description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. (springer.com)
  • The genome contains a nine-member polymorphic membrane protein (Pmp) family unique to members of the order Chlamydiales . (asm.org)
  • The astounding molecular and morphological diversity amongst novel members of the order chlamydiales. (uzh.ch)
  • Interestingly, most of the endosymbionts of amoebas belong to the order Chlamydiales . (labroots.com)
  • In this review, we will summarize the evidence pointing to an active role of Chlamydiales in metabolic integration of free living cyanobacteria, within the cytosol of the last common plant ancestor. (chemweb.com)
  • The tree agrees closely with a recently published tree computed using manually curated proteins, and supports two proposed high-level clades: one containing Actinobacteria, Deinococcus, and Cyanobacteria ("Terrabacteria"), and another containing Planctomycetes and Chlamydiales. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We used a total of 2293 ticks and 186 Chlamydiales occurrences provided by a Swiss Army field campaign, a collaborative smartphone application and a prospective campaign. (medworm.com)
  • We use it to model the evolution of the distribution of Ixodes ricinus ticks and their Chlamydiales bacterial pathogen. (epfl.ch)
  • We detected eight previously observed Chlamydiales genotypes as well as 10 new Chlamydiales sequences from these five Australian mammals. (edu.au)
  • Nested species distribution models of Chlamydiales in tick host Ixodes ricinus in Switzerland. (medworm.com)
  • Over the past six years, comparative analyses of complete chlamydial genome sequences have provided an explosive amount of data that have led to important new hypotheses regarding the molecular origins of Chlamydiales . (asmscience.org)
  • Molecular Evolution of Chlamydiales , p 475-488. (asmscience.org)
  • The most parsimonious hypothesis is that this gene was initially acquired by a Chlamydiales ancestor parasite of plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Seven chlamydial genomes have been sequenced over the last 7 years, revealing a polymorphic membrane protein (Pmp) family unique to Chlamydiales that likely plays an important role in chlamydial biology and disease pathogenesis ( 46 ). (asm.org)
  • It was surprising that Chlamydiales had many proteins that were similar to plant proteins targeted to the chloroplast. (asmscience.org)
  • The fact that, even for smaller genomes of Chlamydiales , core genes represent over a quarter of the average protein complement, signifies a certain degree of structural stability, given the wide range of phylogenetic relationships within the group. (mdpi.com)
  • These findings provide further evidence that novel Chlamydiales infections occur in a wide range of hosts and that, in some of these, the chlamydial infections may contribute to clinical disease. (edu.au)
  • In this study, we modelled the spatial distribution of I. ricinus and associated Chlamydiales over Switzerland from 2009 to 2019. (medworm.com)
  • [ 3 ] A orde Chlamydiales foi creada por Storz e Page en 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 2009 to 2018, we observed an extension of tick and Chlamydiales suitable areas, associated with a shift towards higher altitude. (medworm.com)
  • Thomas V , Casson N , Greub G . Criblamydia sequanensis , a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water using amoeba coculture. (cdc.gov)
  • Conversely, diversity of α- Proteobacteria , β- Proteobacteria , and Chlamydiales-Verrucomicrobia group increased at high tides. (pnas.org)
  • Whereas the Australian marsupial, the koala, has previously been shown to harbour several Chlamydiales types, no other Australian marsupials have been analysed. (edu.au)
  • We therefore used a 16S rDNA PCR assay combined with direct sequencing to determine the presence and genotype of Chlamydiales in five wild Australian mammals (gliders, possums, bilbies, bandicoots, potoroos). (edu.au)
  • From these studies, a number of findings are revealing the mechanisms by which Chlamydiales diverge. (asmscience.org)
  • Protease-like activating factor (CPAF) is unique to Chlamydiales and likely critical to host adaptive immunity. (asmscience.org)
  • The recent development of a Chlamydiales-specific 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay has enabled the identification of Chlamydiales DNA from an increasing range of hosts and environmental sources. (edu.au)
  • Development of a new chlamydiales-specific real-time PCR and its application to respiratory clinical samples. (medscape.com)
  • Chlamydiales live in animals, insects, and protozoa. (wikipedia.org)