Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia
Genital Diseases, Female
Clinical features and the role of atypical pathogens in nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP): differences between a teaching university hospital and a community hospital. (1/8)OBJECTIVE: The Japan Respiratory Society documented a new category of guidelines for nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP), which is distinct from community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiological differences between NHCAP patients in a teaching university hospital and a community hospital. In addition, to clarify the strategy for treatment of NHCAP, we investigated the role of atypical pathogens. METHODS: We analyzed 250 NHCAP and 421 CAP cases in a university hospital and 349 NHCAP and 374 CAP cases in a community hospital. RESULTS: Patient age and the incidences of poor general condition were significantly higher in the community hospital compared with those in the university hospital. The distribution and frequency of pathogens, especially multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens, were significantly different between the two hospitals. Central nervous system disorders, dementia and poor performance status, which was possibility related to aspiration pneumonia, were significantly more frequent in patients with NHCAP compared with those with CAP in both hospitals. Atypical pathogens were detected in a few cases in patients with NHCAP. CONCLUSION: There were many differences in the clinical characteristics between NHCAP patients in a university hospital and a community hospital even for hospitals located in the same area. Aspiration pneumonia was thought to be the main characteristic of NHCAP in both hospitals. Thus, all NHCAP patients did not need the same empiric therapy with a multidrug regimen directed against MDR pathogens. In addition, physicians rarely need to consider atypical pathogens in NHCAP treatment. (+info)
Proteomic identification of immunodominant chlamydial antigens in a mouse model. (2/8)(+info)
Chlamydia trachomatis: a major agent of respiratory infections in infants from low-income families. (3/8)(+info)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells play a role for effective innate immune responses during Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in mice. (4/8)(+info)
Chlamydia trachomatis infections: screening, diagnosis, and management. (5/8)Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that infects the columnar epithelium of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as nongenital sites such as the lungs and eyes. The bacterium is the cause of the most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States, which is responsible for more than 1 million infections annually. Most persons with this infection are asymptomatic. Untreated infection can result in serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy in women, and epididymitis and orchitis in men. Men and women can experience chlamydia-induced reactive arthritis. Treatment of uncomplicated cases should include azithromycin or doxycycline. Screening is recommended in all women younger than 25 years, in all pregnant women, and in women who are at increased risk of infection. Screening is not currently recommended in men. In neonates and infants, the bacterium can cause conjunctivitis and pneumonia. Adults may also experience conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia. Trachoma is a recurrent ocular infection caused by chlamydia and is endemic in the developing world. (+info)
Coverage of atypical pathogens for hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia is not guided by clinical parameters. (6/8)(+info)
High seroprevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). (7/8)(+info)
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in mice induces chronic lung inflammation, iBALT formation, and fibrosis. (8/8)(+info)
Symptoms of chlamydial pneumonia can include fever, cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and fatigue. In severe cases, the infection can progress to respiratory failure, pneumonia, and even death.
Diagnosis of chlamydial pneumonia typically involves a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as blood tests or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests to detect the presence of the bacteria in the body.
Treatment of chlamydial pneumonia usually involves antibiotics, which can help clear the infection and alleviate symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide supportive care, such as oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation.
Prevention of chlamydial pneumonia includes vaccination, good hygiene practices, and avoiding close contact with people who are infected with the bacteria. Vaccines are available for certain populations, such as children and adults who are at high risk of infection.
In conclusion, chlamydial pneumonia is a serious bacterial infection that can cause severe symptoms and complications if left untreated. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment with antibiotics can help to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Prevention measures such as vaccination and good hygiene practices can also help reduce the risk of infection.
Symptoms of pneumonia may include cough, fever, chills, difficulty breathing, and chest pain. In severe cases, pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure, sepsis, and even death.
There are several types of pneumonia, including:
1. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): This type of pneumonia is caused by bacteria or viruses and typically affects healthy people outside of hospitals.
2. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): This type of pneumonia is caused by bacteria or fungi and typically affects people who are hospitalized for other illnesses or injuries.
3. Aspiration pneumonia: This type of pneumonia is caused by food, liquids, or other foreign matter being inhaled into the lungs.
4. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP): This type of pneumonia is caused by a fungus and typically affects people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS.
5. Viral pneumonia: This type of pneumonia is caused by viruses and can be more common in children and young adults.
Pneumonia is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays or blood tests. Treatment may involve antibiotics, oxygen therapy, and supportive care to manage symptoms and help the patient recover. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide more intensive care and monitoring.
Prevention of pneumonia includes vaccination against certain types of bacteria and viruses, good hygiene practices such as frequent handwashing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick. Early detection and treatment can help reduce the risk of complications and improve outcomes for those affected by pneumonia.
The most common bacteria that cause pneumonia are Streptococcus pneumoniae (also known as pneumococcus), Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria can infect the lungs through various routes, including respiratory droplets, contaminated food or water, or direct contact with an infected person.
Symptoms of pneumonia may include cough, fever, chills, shortness of breath, and chest pain. In severe cases, pneumonia can lead to serious complications such as respiratory failure, sepsis, and death.
Diagnosis of pneumonia typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays or blood cultures. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to eliminate the infection, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms and prevent complications. Vaccines are also available to protect against certain types of bacterial pneumonia, particularly in children and older adults.
Preventative measures for bacterial pneumonia include:
* Getting vaccinated against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
* Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly and covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
* Staying hydrated and getting enough rest
* Quitting smoking, if applicable
* Managing underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease
It is important to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms of pneumonia develop, particularly in high-risk populations. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and improve outcomes for patients with bacterial pneumonia.
The symptoms of chlamydia infections can vary depending on the location of the infection. In genital infections, symptoms may include:
* Discharge from the penis or vagina
* Painful urination
* Abnormal bleeding or spotting
* Painful sex
* Testicular pain in men
* Pelvic pain in women
In eye infections, symptoms can include:
* Redness and swelling of the eye
* Discharge from the eye
* Pain or sensitivity to light
In respiratory infections, symptoms may include:
* Shortness of breath or wheezing
If left untreated, chlamydia infections can lead to serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women and epididymitis in men. Chlamydia infections can also increase the risk of infertility and other long-term health problems.
Chlamydia infections are typically diagnosed through a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) or a culture test. Treatment for chlamydia infections typically involves antibiotics, which can effectively cure the infection. It is important to note that sexual partners of someone with a chlamydia infection should also be tested and treated, as they may also have the infection.
Prevention methods for chlamydia infections include safe sex practices such as using condoms and dental dams, as well as regular screening and testing for the infection. It is important to note that chlamydia infections can be asymptomatic, so regular testing is crucial for early detection and treatment.
In conclusion, chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can cause serious complications if left untreated. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing long-term health problems and the spread of the infection. Safe sex practices and regular screening are also important for preventing chlamydia infections.
A type of pneumonia caused by a viral infection. The most common viruses that cause pneumonia are the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza virus, and adenovirus.
Symptoms include fever, cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and loss of appetite.
Treatment typically involves antiviral medications and supportive care to manage symptoms and improve lung function. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
Prevention measures include vaccination against the flu and RSV, good hygiene practices such as frequent handwashing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
Symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia can include fever, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, the infection can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis, a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Pneumococcal pneumonia is most commonly seen in young children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems, such as those with cancer, HIV/AIDS, or taking immunosuppressive medications. It is usually diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays and blood cultures.
Treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia typically involves antibiotics to eliminate the bacterial infection. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide oxygen therapy, fluid replacement, and other supportive care. Vaccines are also available to prevent Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, particularly in children and older adults.
Prevention measures for pneumococcal pneumonia include:
* Vaccination: The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is recommended for children under the age of 2 and older adults over the age of 65, as well as for people with certain medical conditions.
* Good hygiene: Regular handwashing and avoiding close contact with people who are sick can help prevent the spread of the infection.
* Avoiding smoking: Smoking can damage the lungs and increase the risk of infection.
* Keeping up-to-date on recommended vaccinations: Staying current on recommended vaccinations, such as the flu shot, can help prevent secondary bacterial infections like pneumococcal pneumonia.
* Managing underlying conditions: People with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or chronic lung disease, should work with their healthcare provider to manage their condition and reduce their risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia.
It's important to seek medical attention right away if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia, as early treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
COP typically affects middle-aged adults and is more common in women than men. Symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, fever, and fatigue. The condition can be acute or chronic, and it can lead to respiratory failure if left untreated.
The exact cause of COP is not known, but it is believed to be related to an abnormal immune response to environmental triggers, such as cigarette smoke or other inhaled substances. The disease is often associated with other autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Diagnosis of COP is based on a combination of clinical findings, radiologic imaging (such as chest x-rays and CT scans), and lung biopsy. Treatment typically involves corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and improve lung function. In severe cases, respiratory support may be necessary.
The prognosis for COP varies depending on the severity of the disease and the response to treatment. In general, the condition can be managed with appropriate therapy, but it can be challenging to diagnose and treat effectively.
This type of pneumonia can cause severe respiratory symptoms, including cough, fever, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. It can also lead to respiratory failure and other complications if left untreated.
Pneumocystis pneumonia is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays or CT scans, and blood tests. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications, and hospitalization may be necessary for severe cases.
Prevention measures include avoiding exposure to people with weakened immune systems, avoiding smoking, and maintaining good hygiene practices. Vaccines are also available for some populations at high risk of developing Pneumocystis pneumonia.
This condition is characterized by the presence of small, white, raised spots or patches on the conjunctiva, which can be seen with a microscope. The spots are made up of immune cells and other substances that accumulate in response to an underlying infection.
Inclusion conjunctivitis is more common in people who wear contact lenses, have weakened immune systems, or have pre-existing eye conditions such as dry eye or uveitis. Symptoms of inclusion conjunctivitis may include redness, discharge, tearing, and blurred vision.
Treatment typically involves antibiotic eye drops or ointments to clear the infection, as well as measures to manage any underlying conditions that may be contributing to the development of the condition. In severe cases, oral antibiotics or steroids may be prescribed.
1. Vaginitis: An inflammation of the vagina, often caused by bacterial or yeast infections.
2. Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix, often caused by bacterial or viral infections.
3. Endometritis: Inflammation of the lining of the uterus, often caused by bacterial or fungal infections.
4. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): A serious infection of the reproductive organs that can cause chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
5. Vulvodynia: Chronic pain of the vulva, often caused by a combination of physical and psychological factors.
6. Vaginal cancer: A rare type of cancer that affects the vagina.
7. Cervical dysplasia: Abnormal cell growth on the cervix, which can develop into cervical cancer if left untreated.
8. Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries that can cause pelvic pain and other symptoms.
9. Fibroids: Noncancerous growths in the uterus that can cause heavy bleeding, pain, and infertility.
10. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder that can cause irregular menstrual cycles, cysts on the ovaries, and excess hair growth.
These are just a few examples of the many genital diseases that can affect women. It's important for women to practice good hygiene, get regular gynecological check-ups, and seek medical attention if they experience any unusual symptoms to prevent and treat these conditions effectively.
Staphylococcal pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that occurs when the bacteria enter the lungs and cause inflammation. This condition can be particularly dangerous for certain groups of people, such as children under the age of two, adults over the age of 65, and those with weakened immune systems or chronic medical conditions.
The symptoms of staphylococcal pneumonia can vary depending on the severity of the infection, but they may include:
* Fever and chills
* Cough, which may be dry or produce mucus
* Chest pain that worsens with deep breathing or coughing
* Shortness of breath
* Muscle aches and fatigue
* Confusion or disorientation in older adults
Staphylococcal pneumonia is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays or blood tests. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, which can help clear the infection and reduce symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation.
Prevention of staphylococcal pneumonia is key, and this includes:
* Vaccination: The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is recommended for children under the age of two and adults over the age of 65, as well as those with certain medical conditions.
* Good hygiene practices: Washing hands regularly, covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick can help prevent the spread of the bacteria.
* Avoiding risky behaviors: Avoiding sharing personal items, such as toothbrushes or drinking glasses, and not engaging in risky behaviors like unprotected sex or sharing needles can also help prevent the spread of the bacteria.
It is important to seek medical attention if you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of pneumonia, as early treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
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- Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged ≤24 years ( 141 , 784 ). (cdc.gov)
- To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. (cdc.gov)
- In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection ( 785 ). (cdc.gov)
- Chlamydial infection can cause disease in many organ systems, including the genitourinary tract. (medscape.com)
- C trachomatis infection causes other diseases as well, including conjunctivitis, pneumonia or pneumonitis, afebrile pneumonia syndrome (in infants born vaginally to infected mothers), Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, and trachoma (the world's leading cause of acquired blindness). (medscape.com)
- C pneumoniae infection is spread via respiratory droplets and causes pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. (medscape.com)
- Routine Chlamydia screening of sexually active young women is recommended to prevent consequences of untreated chlamydial infection (eg, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility , ectopic pregnancy , and chronic pelvic pain). (medscape.com)
- The pathophysiologic mechanisms of chlamydial infection are poorly understood at best. (medscape.com)
- Infection with chlamydial organisms invokes a humoral cell response, resulting in secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) and circulatory immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and a cellular immune response. (medscape.com)
- CIO Responsible for this publication: National Center for Prevention Services, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV Prevention Chlamydial Infections Among Infants Prenatal screening of pregnant women can prevent chlamydial infection among neonates. (cdc.gov)
- Neonatal ocular prophylaxis with silver nitrate solution or antibiotic ointments is ineffective in preventing perinatal transmission of chlamydial infection from mother to infant. (cdc.gov)
- A specific diagnosis of C. trachomatis infection confirms the need for chlamydial treatment not only for the neonate, but also for the mother and her sex partner(s). (cdc.gov)
- Topical antibiotic therapy alone is inadequate for treatment of chlamydial infection and is unnecessary when systemic treatment is undertaken. (cdc.gov)
- Management of Mothers and Their Sex Partners - The mothers of infants who have chlamydial infection and the mother's sex partners should be evaluated and treated following the treatment recommendations for adults with chlamydial infections (see Chlamydial Infections Among Adolescents and Adults). (cdc.gov)
- Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. (doccharge.com)
- Treatment for pneumonia involves curing the infection and preventing complications. (doccharge.com)
- Although the term pneumonia is used, BOOP is not an infection. (medscape.com)
- We used PCR-EIA to improve detection of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and to differentiate C. pneumoniae infection from other chlamydial infections. (nih.gov)
- METHODS: Infants of mothers with perinatal chlamydia infection were evaluated for chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum based on clinical presentation of conjunctivitis or positive test via GeneXpert CT/NG assay. (bvsalud.org)
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), also called nosocomial pneumonia, is a lower respiratory infection that presents clinically 2 or more days after hospitalization and was not incubating at the time of hospital admission. (medscape.com)
- In published prospective studies, chlamydial conjunctivitis has been identified in 18-44% and chlamydial pneumonia in 3-16% of infants born to women with untreated chlamydial cervical infection at the time of delivery. (chlamydiaexplained.com)
- Pregnant women with chlamydial infection should be retested 3 weeks and 3 months after completion of recommended therapy. (chlamydiaexplained.com)
- GBS infection may also occur in nonpregnant (particularly elderly) adults with underlying medical conditions, presenting as urinary tract infection, pneumonia, or soft-tissue infection. (nih.gov)
- transmitted diseases, including chlamydial pneumonia, gonococcal and chlamydial opthalmia neonatorum, laryngeal papillomatosis (from human papillomavirus infection), neonatal herpes, and preterm birth and low birth weight associated with bacterial vaginosis. (cdc.gov)
- Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a specific type of chlamydial infection caused by serovars L 1 -L 3 . (cdc.gov)
- The language of the C. trachomatis infection case definition to include more current diagnostic technologies and to be inclusive of all possible clinical outcomes for jurisdictions to use when classifying chlamydial infections caused by LGV serovars. (cdc.gov)
- LGV is a specific type of chlamydial infection, caused by the serovars L 1 , L 2 , and L 3 of C. trachomatis . (cdc.gov)
- We have previously shown that the time of Chlamydia infection was crucial in determining the chlamydial infectivity and pathogenesis. (cdc.gov)
- From Dr. Stratton's perspective on the biology of Cpn, and utilizing the evidence from Stewart, Yamaguchi and others, if 25% of "healthy" volunteers are in fact infected with Cpn, including potentially liver and immune system (white cells) cells as important sites of infection (see explanation below), then a highly potent anti-chlamydial agent will kill many Cpn in parasitized cells. (cpnhelp.org)
- In pregnant women, untreated chlamydia has been associated with pre-term delivery, 34 as well as ophthalmia neonatorum and pneumonia in the newborn. (chlamydiaexplained.com)
- Screening and treatment of chlamydia in pregnant women is the best method for preventing neonatal chlamydial disease. (chlamydiaexplained.com)
- Chlamydia trachomatis are important agents of sexually transmitted disease as well as the main cause of preventable blindness in developing countries, and Chlamydia pneumoniae is one of the major causes of pneumonia worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
- Other chlamydial species infect a wide range of animals, and some of them (in particular, Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia abortus ) can cause life-threatening diseases if transmitted to humans [ 1 - 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The complete sequence of two bacteria that are among the major causes of sexually transmitted infections worldwide- Treponema pallidum , responsible for syphilis, and Chlamydia trachomatis , responsible for chlamydial infections-were obtained by two separate teams of scientists supported by NIAID and others. (nih.gov)
- Babies born to infected mothers may develop neonatal conjunctivitis and pneumonia, so if you're pregnant you need to be tested for chlamydia and treated if necessary. (rpm365.com)
- Acne vulgaris topical acute pharyngitis or tonsillitis group A streptococcal punctures the following outcomes were the clinical success rates at respiratory tract infections prevention of 28 visits for the modified intent to treat patients administered in adults Chlamydial infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis granuloma inguinale caused by Klebsiella granulomatis early lime disease and prophylaxis after a sexual assault. (awardspace.us)
- which are associated with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), are difficult to propagate, and can cause clinically indistinguishable disease patterns. (cdc.gov)
- People who have community-acquired pneumonia usually can be treated at home with medication. (doccharge.com)
- We conducted a prospective study of 385 patients who had community-acquired pneumonia with use of a modified polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay that detects amplified DNA by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). (nih.gov)
- Ceftaroline fosamil versus ceftriaxone for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia: individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (omeka.net)
- BACKGROUND: We conducted a meta-analysis of clinical trials of adults hospitalized with pneumonia outcomes research team (PORT) risk class 3-4 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) receiving ceftaroline fosamil versus ceftriaxone. (omeka.net)
- FOCUS 1: a randomized, double-blinded, multicentre, Phase III trial of the efficacy and safety of ceftaroline fosamil versus ceftriaxone in community-acquired pneumonia. (omeka.net)
- Integrated analysis of FOCUS 1 and FOCUS 2: randomized, doubled-blinded, multicenter phase 3 trials of the efficacy and safety of ceftaroline fosamil versus ceftriaxone in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. (omeka.net)
- Macrolide therapy for community-acquired pneumonia due to atypical pathogens: outcome assessment at an early time point. (omeka.net)
- BACKGROUND: Therapy directed against atypical pathogens in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is often recommended. (omeka.net)
- IV Community-acquired pneumonia 500 mg as a single IV daily dose for 2 days, then 500 mg single oral dose daily to complete 7-10 days of therapy. (medicscientist.com)
- Older adults who have pneumonia sometimes have sudden changes in mental awareness. (doccharge.com)
- Adults Oral tablets and oral suspension immediate-release Treatment of acute once per day and only lower respiratory tract infections including caused by Streptococcus pyogenes triple therapy azithromycin which was great since we pulmonary disease and pneumonia sexually structure infections urethritis and cervicitis or urinary tract and genital ulcer disease in men. (awardspace.us)
Conjunctivitis and pneumonia5
- Diseases in 2003 for CT conjunctivitis and pneumonia includes a 14-day course of orally administered erythromycin, given in four divided doses daily. (nih.gov)
- CT conjunctivitis and pneumonia is justified because antibiotic prophylaxis was the standard of care until the association of erythromycin with IHPS was recognized. (nih.gov)
- There is still a need to prevent conjunctivitis and pneumonia in infants exposed to CT at birth. (nih.gov)
- 2. Oral azithromycin for the prevention of CT conjunctivitis and pneumonia in at-risk infants less than two weeks of age. (nih.gov)
- Perinatal infections may result in inclusion conjunctivitis and pneumonia in newborns. (cdc.gov)
- Ophthalmia Neonatorum Caused by C. trachomatis A chlamydial etiology should be considered for all infants with conjunctivitis through 30 days of age. (cdc.gov)
- BACKGROUND: We describe 12 cases of chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum and the current scientific evidence on its prevention and treatment. (bvsalud.org)
- RESULTS: 12 infants were diagnosed with chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum. (bvsalud.org)
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings affirm that the current prophylaxis and treatment modalities for chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum are inadequate. (bvsalud.org)
- C. trachomatis also is a common cause of subacute, afebrile pneumonia with onset from 1 to 3 months of age. (cdc.gov)
- Results from existing studies indicate that the risk of developing conjunctivitis ranges from 8 to 44%, and the risk of developing pneumonia ranges from 0 to 17% in those infants who are exposed to CT at birth. (nih.gov)
- Ocular exudate from infants being evaluated for chlamydial conjunctivitis should also be tested for N. gonorrhoeae. (cdc.gov)
- Infant Pneumonia Caused by C. trachomatis Characteristic signs of chlamydial pneumonia among infants include a repetitive staccato cough with tachypnea, and hyperinflation and bilateral diffuse infiltrates on a chest roentgenogram. (cdc.gov)
- Peripheral eosinophilia, documented in a complete blood count, is sometimes observed among infants with chlamydial pneumonia. (cdc.gov)
- Because variation from this clinical presentation is common, initial treatment and diagnostic tests should encompass C. trachomatis for all infants 1-3 months of age who have possible pneumonia. (cdc.gov)
- All but one infant had received ocular 1% tetracycline prophylaxis at birth, and four infants had signs suggestive of chlamydial pneumonia at presentation. (bvsalud.org)
- Numerous prospective research have ranked Legionella among the many top four microbial causes of communityacquired pneumonia (with Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae often ranked first, second, and third, respectively), accounting for 2�9% of instances. (firenzesalem.com)
- 9-12 Neonatal prophylaxis against gonococcal conjunctivitis routinely performed at birth does not effectively prevent chlamydial conjunctivitis. (chlamydiaexplained.com)
- Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial pneumonia. (doccharge.com)
- The different viruses that can cause pneumonia include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), some common cold and flu viruses, and SARS-CoV-2. (doccharge.com)
- Clinical manifestations range from mild cases of tracheobronchitis to severe atypical pneumonia and can be followed by a broad spectrum of extrapulmonary complications. (cdc.gov)
- Efficacious vaccines are needed to control genital chlamydial diseases in humans and the veterinary industry. (cdc.gov)
- Cite this: Rapid Review Quiz: Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia - Medscape - Sep 15, 2022. (medscape.com)
- It may take time to identify the type of bacteria causing your pneumonia and to choose the best antibiotic to treat it. (doccharge.com)
- Additionally, systemic treatment is indicated in cases of chlamydial and Herpes simplex conjunctivitis to avoid systemic complications. (wikidoc.org)
- Transbronchial lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. (medscape.com)
- Infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and gonorrhea are becoming sometimes impossible to treat as antibiotics become less effective. (who.int)
- Diagnostic Considerations - Specimens should be collected from the nasopharynx for chlamydial testing. (cdc.gov)
- In addition, you should know that very few studies have looked at whether over-the-counter cough medicines lessen coughing caused by pneumonia. (doccharge.com)
- The scientific similarities amongst most of these pneumonia include a comparatively nonproductive cough and a low incidence of grossly purulent sputum. (firenzesalem.com)
- Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia is an inflammatory reaction with a variety of causes. (medscape.com)
- To characterize single dose oral azithromycin pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability in patients with CT pneumonia or conjunctivitis at one or more potentially clinically relevant doses. (nih.gov)
- Diagnostic Considerations - Sensitive and specific methods to diagnose chlamydial ophthalmia for the neonate include isolation by tissue culture and nonculture tests, direct fluorescent antibody tests, and immunoassays. (cdc.gov)
- Organizing pneumonia is characterized by the presence of granulation tissue in the distal air spaces. (medscape.com)
- When organizing pneumonia is associated with granulation tissue in the bronchiolar lumen, the qualifying term bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is added. (medscape.com)
- 1. Oral azithromycin for the treatment of CT pneumonia in infant patients less than four months of age. (nih.gov)
- 1) Conjunctivitis most often occurs during the first two to three weeks after birth, and pneumonia most often occurs between two weeks and three months of age, with a peak incidence of pneumonia between six and nine weeks of age. (nih.gov)
- However, no published controlled studies of azithromycin treatment for chlamydial pneumonia during the first six months of life were located in the English literature (1990-2003). (nih.gov)
- Radiologically identical peripheral airspace consolidation occurs in patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) and BOOP. (medscape.com)
- Fungal pneumonia is more common in people who have chronic health problems or weakened immune systems. (doccharge.com)
- Invasive infections may include sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia. (nih.gov)
- PK information from patients with pneumonia will guide the starting dose for Study 2. (nih.gov)