Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE whose species cause a variety of diseases in vertebrates including humans, mice, and swine. Chlamydia species are gram-negative and produce glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Species of CHLAMYDIA causing pneumonitis in mice and hamsters. These isolates formerly belonged to CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.
Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).
Inflammation of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).
A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Sexual activities of humans.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
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Studies on the response of ewes to live chlamydiae adapted to chicken embryos or tissue culture. (1/2783)

Ewes infected before gestation with chicken embryo or tissue culture adapted chlamydial strain B-577 were challenge inoculated with the homologous strain at four to 18 weeks of gestation. The ewes responsed with group specific complement fixing antibody titers of 1:8 to 1:256 by the second week after initial infection. A secondary antibody response in the surviving challenge inoculated ewes occurred at the time of lambing and reached titers of 1:32 to 1:256 by the second week after parturition. Group specific complement fixing antibodies did not appear to play a significant role in resistance to chlamydial infection. Ewes infected with the chicken embryo adapted strain B-577 excreted chlamydiae in their feces 60 days after inoculation. However, chlamydiae were not recovered from feces of ewes infected with the tissue culture adapted strain B-577. Placentas of ewes challenge inoculated by the intravenous route were consistently infected. Chlamydiae were recovered from placentas, some fetuses and lambs. In two instances when challenge inoculation was given by the intramuscular route, infection was detected only by the direct fluorescent antibody method.  (+info)

Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerosis. (2/2783)

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for evidence that chronic infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae is associated with atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Institute of Science and Information bibliographic databases were searched at the end of September 1998. Indexing terms used were chlamydi*, heart, coronary, and atherosclerosis. Serological and pathological studies published as papers in any language since 1988 or abstracts since 1997 were selected. DATA EXTRACTION: It was assumed that chronic C pneumoniae infection is characterised by the presence of both specific IgG and IgA, and serological studies were examined for associations that fulfilled these criteria. Pathological studies were also reviewed for evidence that the presence of C pneumoniae in diseased vessels is associated with the severity and extent of atherosclerosis. DATA SYNTHESIS: The majority of serological studies have shown an association between C pneumoniae and atherosclerosis. However, the number of cases in studies that have reported a positive association when using strict criteria for chronic infection is similar to the number of cases in studies which found no association. Nevertheless, the organism is widely found in atherosclerotic vessels, although it may not be at all diseased sites and is not confined to the most severe lesions. Rabbit models and preliminary antibiotic trials suggest that the organism might exacerbate atherosclerosis. CONCLUSION: More evidence is required before C pneumoniae can be accepted as playing a role in atherosclerosis. Although use of antibiotics in routine practice is not justified, large scale trials in progress will help to elucidate the role of C pneumoniae.  (+info)

Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia pneumoniae, or cytomegalovirus: population based study of coronary heart disease. (3/2783)

OBJECTIVE: To study possible associations between coronary heart disease and serological evidence of persistent infection with Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia pneumoniae, or cytomegalovirus. DESIGN: Population based, case-control study, nested within a randomised trial. SETTING: Five general practices in Bedfordshire, UK. INDIVIDUALS: 288 patients with incident or prevalent coronary heart disease and 704 age and sex matched controls. RESULTS: High concentrations of serum IgG antibodies to H pylori were present in 54% of cases v 46% of controls, with corresponding results for C pneumoniae seropositivity (33% v 33%), and cytomegalovirus seropositivity (40% v 31%). After adjustments for age, sex, smoking, indicators of socioeconomic status, and standard risk factors, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for coronary heart disease of seropositivity to these agents were: 1.28 (0.93 to 1.75) for H pylori, 0.95 (0.66 to 1.36) for C pneumoniae, and 1.40 (0.96 to 2. 05) for cytomegalovirus. CONCLUSIONS: There is no good evidence of strong associations between coronary heart disease and serological markers of persistent infection with H pylori, C pneumoniae, or cytomegalovirus. To determine the existence of moderate associations between these agents and disease, however, larger scale studies will be needed that can keep residual confounders to a minimum.  (+info)

Nongonococcal urethritis--a new paradigm. (4/2783)

Urethritis in men has been categorized historically as gonococcal or nongonococcal (NGU). The major pathogens causing NGU are Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Trichomonas vaginalis may be involved occasionally. In up to one-half of cases, an etiologic organism may not be identified. In this review we present recent advances in the diagnosis and management of NGU and discuss how they may be applied in a variety of clinical settings, including specialized STD clinics and primary health care practices. In particular, the development of the noninvasive urine-based nucleic acid amplification tests may warrant rethinking of the traditional classification of urethritis as gonococcal urethritis or NGU. Diagnostic for Chlamydia are strongly recommended because etiologic diagnosis of chlamydial urethritis may have important public health implications, such as the need for partner referral and reporting. A single 1-g dose of azithromycin was found to be therapeutically equivalent to the tetracyclines and may offer the advantage of better compliance.  (+info)

Chlamydia infections and heart disease linked through antigenic mimicry. (5/2783)

Chlamydia infections are epidemiologically linked to human heart disease. A peptide from the murine heart muscle-specific alpha myosin heavy chain that has sequence homology to the 60-kilodalton cysteine-rich outer membrane proteins of Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. psittaci, and C. trachomatis was shown to induce autoimmune inflammatory heart disease in mice. Injection of the homologous Chlamydia peptides into mice also induced perivascular inflammation, fibrotic changes, and blood vessel occlusion in the heart, as well as triggering T and B cell reactivity to the homologous endogenous heart muscle-specific peptide. Chlamydia DNA functioned as an adjuvant in the triggering of peptide-induced inflammatory heart disease. Infection with C. trachomatis led to the production of autoantibodies to heart muscle-specific epitopes. Thus, Chlamydia-mediated heart disease is induced by antigenic mimicry of a heart muscle-specific protein.  (+info)

The in-vitro activity of HMR 3647, a new ketolide antimicrobial agent. (6/2783)

The in-vitro activity of HMR 3647, a novel ketolide, was investigated in comparison with those of erythromycin A, roxithromycin, clarithromycin (14-membered ring macrolides), amoxycillin-clavulanate and ciprofloxacin against 719 recent clinical Gram-positive, Gram-negative and anaerobic isolates and type cultures. HMR 3647 generally demonstrated greater activity than the other compounds with MIC90s of < or =0.5 mg/L, except for Staphylococcus epidermidis (MIC90 > 128 mg/L), Haemophilus influenzae (MIC90 = 2 mg/L), Enterococcus faecalis (MIC90 = 2 mg/L), Enterococcus faecium (MIC90 = 1 mg/L) and the anaerobes, Bacteroides fragilis (MIC90 = 2 mg/L) and Clostridium difficile (MIC90 = 1 mg/L). In general, an increase in the size of the inoculum from 10(4) to 10(6) cfu on selected strains had little effect on the MICs of HMR 3647. Additionally, the in-vitro activity of HMR 3647 was not affected by the presence of either 20 or 70% (v/v) human serum. The antichlamydial activity of HMR 3647 was generally greater than that of commonly used antichlamydial antimicrobials.  (+info)

Prospective study of Chlamydia pneumoniae IgG seropositivity and risks of future myocardial infarction. (7/2783)

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia pneumoniae has been hypothesized to play a role in atherothrombosis. However, prospective data relating exposure to Chlamydia pneumoniae and risks of future myocardial infarction (MI) are sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective cohort of nearly 15 000 healthy men, we measured IgG antibodies directed against Chlamydia pneumoniae in blood samples collected at baseline from 343 study participants who subsequently reported a first MI and from an equal number of age- and smoking-matched control subjects who did not report vascular disease during a 12-year follow-up period. The proportion of study subjects with IgG antibodies directed against Chlamydia increased with age and cigarette consumption. However, prevalence rates of Chlamydia IgG seropositivity were virtually identical at baseline among men who subsequently reported first MI compared with age- and smoking-matched control subjects. Specifically, the relative risks of future MI associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae IgG titers >/=1:16, 1:32, 1:64, 1:128, and 1:256 were 1.1, 1.0, 1.1, 1.0, and 0.8, respectively (all probability values not significant). There was no association in analyses adjusted for other risk factors, evaluating early as compared with late events, or among nonsmokers. Further, there was no association between seropositivity and concentration of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation that predicts MI risk in this cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In a large-scale study of socioeconomically homogeneous men that controlled for age, smoking, and other cardiovascular risk factors, we found no evidence of association between Chlamydia pneumoniae IgG seropositivity and risks of future MI.  (+info)

Role of innate and adaptive immunity in the outcome of primary infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae, as analyzed in genetically modified mice. (8/2783)

Infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common cause of acute respiratory disease in man and is also associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disorder. Herein, we have compared bacterial load and immune parameters of C. pneumoniae-infected mice genomically lacking T cell coreceptors, cytokine receptors, or cytotoxic effector molecules. A protective role for CD8+ cells is shown by the enhanced severity of infection of CD8-/- or TAP-1-/-/beta2-microglobulin -/- mice. CD8+ cells hindered a parasite growth-promoting role of CD4+ T cells, as indicated by the higher sensitivity to early infection of CD8-/- than CD4-/-/CD8-/- mice, which was further confirmed in experiments in which SCID mice were reconstituted with either CD4+ or CD4+ plus CD8+ T cells. Interestingly, CD4+ T cells played a dual role, detrimental early (14 and 24 days) after infection but protective at later time points (60 days after infection). The CD8+ T cell protection was perforin independent. The early deleterious role of CD4+ in the absence of CD8+ T cells was associated with enhanced IL-4 and IL-10 mRNA levels and delayed IFN-gamma mRNA accumulation in lungs. In line with this, IFN-gammaR-/- (but not TNFRp55 -/-) mice showed dramatically increased susceptibility to C. pneumoniae, linked to reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA accumulation, but not to diminished levels of specific Abs. The increased susceptibility of iNOS-/- mice indicates a protective role for iNOS activity during infection with C. pneumoniae. The higher sensitivity of IFN-gammaR-/- mice to C. pneumoniae compared with that of SCID or recombination-activating gene-1-/- mice suggested a relevant protective role of IFN-gamma-dependent innate mechanisms of protection.  (+info)

The symptoms of chlamydia infections can vary depending on the location of the infection. In genital infections, symptoms may include:

* Discharge from the penis or vagina
* Painful urination
* Abnormal bleeding or spotting
* Painful sex
* Testicular pain in men
* Pelvic pain in women

In eye infections, symptoms can include:

* Redness and swelling of the eye
* Discharge from the eye
* Pain or sensitivity to light

In respiratory infections, symptoms may include:

* Cough
* Fever
* Shortness of breath or wheezing

If left untreated, chlamydia infections can lead to serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women and epididymitis in men. Chlamydia infections can also increase the risk of infertility and other long-term health problems.

Chlamydia infections are typically diagnosed through a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) or a culture test. Treatment for chlamydia infections typically involves antibiotics, which can effectively cure the infection. It is important to note that sexual partners of someone with a chlamydia infection should also be tested and treated, as they may also have the infection.

Prevention methods for chlamydia infections include safe sex practices such as using condoms and dental dams, as well as regular screening and testing for the infection. It is important to note that chlamydia infections can be asymptomatic, so regular testing is crucial for early detection and treatment.

In conclusion, chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can cause serious complications if left untreated. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing long-term health problems and the spread of the infection. Safe sex practices and regular screening are also important for preventing chlamydia infections.

1. Vaginitis: An inflammation of the vagina, often caused by bacterial or yeast infections.
2. Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix, often caused by bacterial or viral infections.
3. Endometritis: Inflammation of the lining of the uterus, often caused by bacterial or fungal infections.
4. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): A serious infection of the reproductive organs that can cause chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
5. Vulvodynia: Chronic pain of the vulva, often caused by a combination of physical and psychological factors.
6. Vaginal cancer: A rare type of cancer that affects the vagina.
7. Cervical dysplasia: Abnormal cell growth on the cervix, which can develop into cervical cancer if left untreated.
8. Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries that can cause pelvic pain and other symptoms.
9. Fibroids: Noncancerous growths in the uterus that can cause heavy bleeding, pain, and infertility.
10. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder that can cause irregular menstrual cycles, cysts on the ovaries, and excess hair growth.

These are just a few examples of the many genital diseases that can affect women. It's important for women to practice good hygiene, get regular gynecological check-ups, and seek medical attention if they experience any unusual symptoms to prevent and treat these conditions effectively.

1. Erectile dysfunction (ED): The inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance.
2. Premature ejaculation (PE): Ejaculation that occurs within one minute of vaginal penetration, with minimal sexual stimulation and before the person wishes it.
3. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): A noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that can cause urinary frequency, hesitancy, and retention.
4. Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, which can cause painful urination, pelvic pain, and fever.
5. Testicular torsion: A condition in which the spermatic cord becomes twisted, cutting off blood flow to the testicle.
6. Varicocele: A swelling of the veins in the scrotum that can affect fertility.
7. Hypogonadism: A condition in which the body does not produce enough testosterone, leading to symptoms such as low libido, erectile dysfunction, and osteoporosis.
8. Peyronie's disease: A condition that causes scar tissue to form inside the penis, leading to curvature and pain during erection.
9. Priapism: A persistent and painful erection that can cause damage to the penis if left untreated.

These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, such as age, genetics, infection, injury, and lifestyle choices. Diagnosis is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as ultrasound or biopsy. Treatment options vary depending on the specific disease and can include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes.

It's important to note that many of these conditions can be prevented or treated with timely medical care. Therefore, it is crucial to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms or discomfort in your testicles or penis. Early detection and treatment can help to alleviate symptoms, improve quality of life, and prevent long-term complications.

Symptoms of cervicitis may include:

* Pain or discomfort during sex
* Vaginal bleeding or spotting
* Abnormal vaginal discharge
* Itching or burning sensation in the vagina
* Pain or pressure in the lower abdomen

To diagnose cervicitis, a healthcare provider may perform a physical examination and may also use tests such as a pelvic examination, Pap smear, or vaginal swab culture to rule out other conditions.

Treatment for cervicitis typically involves antibiotics if the condition is caused by a bacterial infection. If the cause is an STI, treatment may involve antiviral or antibacterial medication. In addition, home remedies such as applying warm compresses to the area, taking over-the-counter pain relievers, and avoiding sexual intercourse until the symptoms resolve can be helpful.

Preventive measures for cervicitis include:

* Practicing safe sex by using condoms or other barrier methods
* Getting regular Pap smears to detect any abnormal cell changes in the cervix
* Avoiding douching, as it can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina and lead to infection
* Wearing breathable cotton underwear and avoiding tight-fitting clothing that can trap moisture and bacteria close to the skin.

1. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): These are infections that occur in the bladder, kidneys, or urethra, and can cause symptoms such as burning during urination, frequent urination, and abdominal pain.
2. Overactive Bladder (OAB): This condition is characterized by sudden, intense urges to urinate, often with urgency and frequency.
3. Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS): This chronic condition causes pain and discomfort in the bladder and pelvic area, and can lead to increased urination and frequency.
4. Vaginal Infections: These are infections that occur in the vagina and can cause symptoms such as itching, burning, and abnormal discharge.
5. Vulvodynia: This chronic condition is characterized by pain and discomfort in the vulva, and can be caused by a range of factors including infection, inflammation, or nerve damage.
6. Endometriosis: This is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing symptoms such as pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and infertility.
7. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): This is a hormonal disorder that can cause symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, cysts on the ovaries, and excess hair growth.
8. Vaginal Prolapse: This occurs when the muscles and tissues in the vagina weaken, causing the vagina to protrude into the vulva or rectum.
9. Menorrhagia: This is a condition characterized by heavy, prolonged menstrual periods that can cause anemia and other complications.
10. Dyspareunia: This is pain during sexual activity, which can be caused by a range of factors including vaginal dryness, cervical narrowing, or nerve damage.

These are just a few examples of the many conditions that can affect the vulva and vagina. It's important to note that many of these conditions can have similar symptoms, so it's important to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

This definition of 'Genital Diseases, Male' is from the Healthcare Professionals Network (HPN) Thesaurus, a comprehensive collection of terms used in healthcare and related fields.

Trachoma affects the conjunctiva and cornea, causing inflammation and scarring that can lead to blindness if left untreated. The disease is transmitted through direct contact with eye discharge from an infected person, or through shared items such as towels or clothes.

The symptoms of trachoma include:

1. Inflammation of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis)
2. Eye discharge and crusting around the eyelids
3. Redness and swelling of the conjunctiva
4. Blindness or vision loss if left untreated

Trachoma is diagnosed through a physical examination of the eyes, and laboratory tests to confirm the presence of the bacteria. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria, and surgery to remove any scar tissue that has developed. Prevention measures include good hygiene practices such as washing hands regularly, and avoiding sharing items with infected individuals.

Trachoma is a significant public health problem in many developing countries, where it affects millions of people and causes substantial blindness and disability. The World Health Organization (WHO) has included trachoma on its list of neglected tropical diseases, and there are ongoing efforts to control and eliminate the disease through improved access to healthcare and sanitation, as well as mass drug administration programs to prevent and treat the infection.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:

* A burning sensation when urinating
* Discharge from the penis
* Painful or swollen testicles
* Painful urination

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:

* Increased vaginal discharge
* Painful urination
* Painful intercourse
* Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through a physical exam and laboratory tests, such as a urine test or a swab of the affected area. It is typically treated with antibiotics.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious complications, including:

* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women
* Epididymitis (inflammation of the tube that carries sperm) in men
* Infertility
* Chronic pain
* Increased risk of HIV transmission

Gonorrhea is a reportable disease, meaning that healthcare providers are required by law to report cases to public health authorities. This helps to track and prevent the spread of the infection.

Prevention methods for gonorrhea include:

* Safe sex practices, such as using condoms or dental dams
* Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea
* Getting regularly tested for STIs
* Using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention

It is important to note that gonorrhea can be asymptomatic, meaning that individuals may not experience any symptoms even if they have the infection. Therefore, regular testing is important for early detection and treatment.

There are several types of fallopian tube diseases, including:

1. Hydrosalpinx: A condition in which the fallopian tubes become filled with fluid, leading to inflammation and scarring.
2. Salpingitis: An inflammation of the fallopian tubes, often caused by bacterial or fungal infections.
3. Tubal pregnancy: A rare condition in which a fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
4. Ectopic pregnancy: A condition in which a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, often in the fallopian tube.
5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): An infection of the reproductive organs in the pelvis, which can cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tubes.
6. Endometriosis: A condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, often affecting the fallopian tubes.
7. Adenomyosis: A condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus, often affecting the fallopian tubes.
8. Fimbrial tumors: Rare growths that can occur in the fallopian tubes, often benign but can be cancerous.
9. Mullerian duct anomalies: Congenital abnormalities of the fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs.
10. Oophoritis: Inflammation of the ovaries, which can affect the fallopian tubes.

Fallopian tube diseases can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including hysterosalpingography (HSG), laparoscopy, and ultrasound. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition and can include antibiotics for infections, surgery to remove blockages or scar tissue, or assisted reproductive technology such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) if the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked.

1. Group B streptococcus (GBS): This type of bacterial infection is the leading cause of infections in newborns. GBS can cause a range of complications, including pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis.
2. Urinary tract infections (UTIs): These are common during pregnancy and can be caused by bacteria such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Staphylococcus saprophyticus. UTIs can lead to complications such as preterm labor and low birth weight.
3. HIV: Pregnant women who are infected with HIV can pass the virus to their baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
4. Toxoplasmosis: This is an infection caused by a parasite that can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta. Toxoplasmosis can cause a range of complications, including birth defects and stillbirth.
5. Listeriosis: This is a rare infection caused by eating contaminated food, such as soft cheeses or hot dogs. Listeriosis can cause complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature labor.
6. Influenza: Pregnant women who contract the flu can be at higher risk for complications such as pneumonia and hospitalization.
7. Herpes simplex virus (HSV): This virus can cause complications such as preterm labor, low birth weight, and neonatal herpes.
8. Human parvovirus (HPV): This virus can cause complications such as preterm labor, low birth weight, and stillbirth.
9. Syphilis: This is a sexually transmitted infection that can be passed to the fetus during pregnancy, leading to complications such as stillbirth, premature birth, and congenital syphilis.
10. Chickenpox: Pregnant women who contract chickenpox can be at higher risk for complications such as preterm labor and low birth weight.

It's important to note that the risks associated with these infections are relatively low, and many pregnant women who contract them will have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. However, it's still important to be aware of the risks and take steps to protect yourself and your baby.

Here are some ways to reduce your risk of infection during pregnancy:

1. Practice good hygiene: Wash your hands frequently, especially before preparing or eating food.
2. Avoid certain foods: Avoid consuming raw or undercooked meat, eggs, and dairy products, as well as unpasteurized juices and soft cheeses.
3. Get vaccinated: Get vaccinated against infections such as the flu and HPV.
4. Practice safe sex: Use condoms or other forms of barrier protection to prevent the spread of STIs.
5. Avoid close contact with people who are sick: If someone in your household is sick, try to avoid close contact with them if possible.
6. Keep your environment clean: Regularly clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germs.
7. Manage stress: High levels of stress can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to infection.
8. Get enough rest: Adequate sleep is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system.
9. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to help flush out harmful bacteria and viruses.
10. Consider taking prenatal vitamins: Prenatal vitamins can help support your immune system and overall health during pregnancy.

Remember, it's always better to be safe than sorry, so if you suspect that you may have been exposed to an infection or are experiencing symptoms of an infection during pregnancy, contact your healthcare provider right away. They can help determine the appropriate course of action and ensure that you and your baby stay healthy.

Some common types of Chlamydophila infections include:

1. Pneumonia: Chlamydophila pneumoniae can cause pneumonia, which is an inflammation of the lungs that can lead to fever, cough, chest pain, and difficulty breathing.
2. Trachoma: Chlamydia trachomatis can cause trachoma, a highly contagious eye infection that can lead to blindness if left untreated.
3. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci can cause PID, an infection of the female reproductive organs that can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy.
4. Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia caviae can cause UTIs, which are infections of the urinary tract that can lead to symptoms such as burning during urination and frequent urination.
5. Rectal infections: Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci can cause rectal infections, which can lead to symptoms such as rectal pain, bleeding, and discharge.

Chlamydophila infections are typically treated with antibiotics, and early treatment can help prevent long-term complications and reduce the risk of transmission to others. It is important to practice safe sex and good hygiene to prevent the spread of these infections.

Symptoms of LGV can include:

* Swollen lymph nodes in the groin (inguinal lymphadenitis)
* Painless swellings or ulcers on the genitals, anus, or mouth
* Fever
* Fatigue
* Loss of appetite

LGV can be diagnosed with a physical examination, blood tests, and/or a biopsy. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and surgical drainage of any swellings. Untreated LGV can lead to serious complications such as abscesses, chronic lymphadenitis, and scarring.

Prevention of LGV includes safe sex practices (such as using condoms) and avoiding sexual contact with people who have the infection. Vaccines are also available for prevention of LGV caused by serovars L1 and L2.

Lymphogranuloma Venereum is rare in developed countries, but it remains a significant public health issue in developing countries where access to healthcare and safe sex practices may be limited.

Psittacosis is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be transmitted between animals and humans. It is important to take precautions when handling birds or their droppings to avoid infection. Treatment of psittacosis typically involves antibiotics, and early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.

Psittacosis is a rare disease, but it is important for veterinarians, avian specialists, and other professionals who work with birds to be aware of the risk of transmission and take appropriate precautions to protect themselves and others.

In women, urethritis is more common than in men due to the shorter length of their urethra and their closer proximity to the anus, which can increase the risk of bacterial infection. In addition, certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can cause urethritis in both men and women.

If you suspect that you or a partner may have urethritis, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Untreated urethritis can lead to complications such as recurrent infections, infertility, and an increased risk of certain types of cancer. A healthcare provider can diagnose urethritis by performing a physical examination, taking a urine sample for testing, and possibly performing additional tests such as a pelvic exam or ultrasound to rule out other conditions. With prompt and appropriate treatment, however, most cases of urethritis can be effectively managed and cured.

Symptoms of PID may include:

* Abdominal pain
* Fever
* Heavy vaginal discharge with a strong odor
* Pain during sex
* Painful urination

PID can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as pelvic exams, ultrasound, or blood tests. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection, and may also involve hospitalization for severe cases. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair any damage caused by the infection.

Preventive measures for PID include:

* Safe sexual practices, such as using condoms and avoiding sexual intercourse during outbreaks of STIs
* Regular gynecological exams and screening for STIs
* Avoiding the use of douches or other products that can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina.

"Chlamydia Infections". Retrieved 2019-09-25. "Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and ... Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) are infections that affect the Reproductive Tract. There are three types of RTIs: ... Iatrogenic RTIs are infections contracted as a result of a medical procedure. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are ... These can take the form of antibiotics for bacterial infections such as chlamydia or highly active anti-retroviral therapy ( ...
Pulmonary infections can occur in infants born to women with active chlamydia infections, although the rate of infection is ... Chlamydia trachomatis (/kləˈmɪdiə trəˈkoʊmətɪs/), commonly known as chlamydia, is a bacterium that causes chlamydia, which can ... "Chlamydia trachomatis". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 813. Type strain of Chlamydia trachomatis at BacDive - the ... trachomatis infection in the genitalia present as the chlamydia infection, which may be asymptomatic or may resemble a ...
"Lycopene Inhibits Propagation of Chlamydia Infection". Scientifica. 2017: 1-11. doi:10.1155/2017/1478625. ISSN 2090-908X. PMC ... These properties of carotenoids help animals to adapt to environmental stresses, high altitude, intracellular infections and ...
"Lycopene Inhibits Propagation of Chlamydia Infection". Scientifica. 2017: 1-11. doi:10.1155/2017/1478625. ISSN 2090-908X. PMC ...
Cho YS, Kim TB, Lee TH, Moon KA, Lee J, Kim YK, Lee KY, Moon HB (December 2005). "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection enhances ... Chlamydia pneumoniae infection was first associated with wheezing, asthmatic bronchitis, and adult-onset asthma in 1991. ... Sriram S, Stratton CW, Yao S, Tharp A, Ding L, Bannan JD, Mitchell WM (July 1999). "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection of the ... Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is also associated with schizophrenia. Many other pathogens have been associated with ...
... formerly Chlamydiae), the diagnostic procedures to treat infections, the disease chlamydia, infections caused by the organisms ... Sexually transmitted diseases and infections, Bacterial diseases, Chlamydia infections, Infections with a predominantly sexual ... Chlamydia infections in wildlife are part of the research into Chlamydia particularly koalas genomics and gene regulation ... Included in case studies of Chlamydia infection and the case results include its related contextual conditions. Chlamydia case ...
Miller KE (April 2006). "Diagnosis and treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis infection". Am Fam Physician. 73 (8): 1411-6. PMID ... The most common cause of an acute or subacute cough is a viral respiratory tract infection. A healthy adult also coughs 18.8 ... Kennel cough in dogs can result from a viral or bacterial infection. Deer can cough similarly to humans as a result of ... In the vast majority of cases, acute cough is due to acute viral upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), i.e., the common ...
"Vaccination against Chlamydia Genital Infection Utilizing the Murine C. muridarum Model". Infection and Immunity. 79 (3): 986- ... In contrast to chlamydia trachomatis, chlamydia muridarum lacks a tryptophan operon. Due to this, chlamydia muridarum responds ... "Vaccination against Chlamydia Genital Infection Utilizing the Murine C. muridarum Model". Infection and Immunity. 79 (3): 986- ... Chlamydia muridarum is an intracellular bacterial species that at one time belonged to Chlamydia trachomatis. However, C. ...
Wang, S. P.; Eschenbach, D. A.; Holmes, K. K.; Wager, G.; Grayston, J. T. (1980-12-01). "Chlamydia trachomatis infection in ... Common bacterial causes for this disease are Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Lee Goldman; Andrew I. Schafer ( ...
Chia, John K. S.; Chia, Laura Y. (1999). "Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae Infection: A Treatable Cause of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome ... Infections associated with diseases are those infections that are associated with possible infectious etiologies that meet the ... "Infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and Risk of Multiple Sclerosis". Epidemiology. 14 (2): 141-7. doi:10.1097/01.EDE. ... "Chlamydia pneumoniae Infection and Risk for Lung Cancer". Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 19 (6): 1498-505. doi: ...
... is used to treat infections caused by Chlamydia (e.g. the chest infection psittacosis, the eye infection ... and infections caused by Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia. Doxycycline is now preferred to oxytetracycline for many of ... It is sometimes used to treat spirochaetal infections, clostridial wound infection and anthrax in patients sensitive to ... Oxytetracycline may also be used to treat other rarer infections, such as those caused by a group of micro-organisms called ...
Darville T (October 2005). "Chlamydia trachomatis infections in neonates and young children". Seminars in Pediatric Infectious ... Mixed infections with both viruses and bacteria may occur in roughly 45% of infections in children and 15% of infections in ... the amount of organism required to start an infection; and the body's immune response against the infection. Most bacteria ... Viral infections, can be confirmed via detection of either the virus or its antigens with culture or polymerase chain reaction ...
... , or more specifically a chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia ... Chlamydia is known as the "silent epidemic", as at least 70% of genital C. trachomatis infections in women (and 50% in men) are ... Repeated chlamydia infections of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma, a common cause of blindness in the ... The word chlamydia is from the Greek χλαμύδα, meaning "cloak". Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a ...
Sexually transmitted infections include: Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia ... The stages include primary infection, asymptomatic infection, symptomatic infection, and AIDS. In the primary infection stage, ... However, chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics. The two most common forms of herpes are caused by infection with herpes ... "Chlamydia Infections: MedlinePlus". Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013. "The Basics ...
ISBN 978-1-904097-32-7. OCLC 56565332.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link) Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Luigi Allegra, F ... His research area includes the effects of atypical bacterial infection in the immunity at cellular level in the chronic case of ... Respiratory Infections. United Kingdom: CRC Press, 2006. Menendez, Rosario. Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Strategies for ... Francesco, Blasi (2015). Textbook of Respiratory & Critical Care Infection. Dimopoulos George. DL: Jaypee Brothers, Medical ...
Diener-West, Marie (1998). "Incident Chlamydia trachomatis Infections Among Inner-city Adolescent Females". JAMA. 280 (6): 521- ... Burstein, Gale R. (1998). "JAMA Network , JAMA , Incident Chlamydia trachomatis Infections Among Inner-city Adolescent Females ...
It is used to treat bacterial pneumonia, acne, chlamydia infections, Lyme disease, cholera, typhus, and syphilis. It is also ... infections Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused ... Escherichia coli infections Enterobacter aerogenes (formerly Aerobacter aerogenes) infections Shigella species infections ... Michael L. Rekart (December 2014). "Doxycycline: "New" treatment of choice for genital chlamydia infections". Archived from the ...
... urinary tract infections, and sepsis among others. It is not effective for gonorrhea or chlamydia infections. It can be given ... Gentamicin is used in the treatment of respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, blood, bone and soft tissue ... Gentamicin is an antibiotic used to treat several types of bacterial infections. This may include bone infections, endocarditis ... Topical formulations may be used in burns or for infections of the outside of the eye. It is often only used for two days until ...
Common causes include infections due to gonorrhea, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis. In gonorrhea the discharge may be white, ... Common causes include infections due to gonorrhea, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis. Other causes include: Non-specific urethritis ... Treatment depends on the cause and any antibiotic prescribed depends on which infection is found. Spread of infection is ... Spread of infection is reduced by also treating sexual contacts. Risk factors include being sexually active men under the age ...
The risk of ectopic pregnancy after chlamydia infection is low. The exact mechanism through which chlamydia increases the risk ... Prevention is by decreasing risk factors such as chlamydia infections through screening and treatment. While some ectopic ... Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy include pelvic inflammatory disease, often due to chlamydia infection; tobacco smoking; ... Bakken IJ (February 2008). "Chlamydia trachomatis and ectopic pregnancy: recent epidemiological findings". Current Opinion in ...
March 2011). "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and lung cancer risk: a meta-analysis". European Journal of Cancer. 47 (5): 742-7 ... One meta-analysis of serological data comparing prior Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in patients with and without lung cancer ... Infection by some hepatitis viruses, especially hepatitis B and hepatitis C, can induce a long-term viral infection that leads ... pylori infection. Due to the prevalence of infection by H. pylori in middle-aged adults (74% in developing countries and 58% in ...
Webley, WC (2017). "Infection-mediated asthma: etiology, mechanisms and treatment options, with focus on Chlamydia pneumoniae ... Hertzen, L.V. (2002). "Role of persistent infection in the control and severity of asthma: focus on Chlamydia pneumoniae". ... Chronic Mycoplasma pneumonia and Chlamydia pneumonia infections are associated with the onset and exacerbation of asthma. These ... Thus, M. pneumonia infection is chronic and persistent. Besides, Nisar et al. (2007) also adds that M. pneumonia infection ...
"Arlt's syndrome": A contagious eye infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. "Arlt's triangle": keratic precipitates ... Linear scar present in sulcus subtarsalis during Chlamydia trachomatis infection. "Arlt's operation": Transplantation of ...
... is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The infection causes a roughening of the inner ... Globally, about 80 million people have an active infection. In some areas, infections may be present in as many as 60-90% of ... "Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the male genital tract: An update". Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 100 (1): 37-53. doi: ... Chlamydia infections, Infectious diseases with eradication efforts, Wikipedia medicine articles ready to translate, Wikipedia ...
Chlamydia infection is impacted by IFN-γ in host cells. In human epithelial cells, IFN-γ upregulates expression of indoleamine ... IFN-γ has a significant anti-viral effect in herpes simplex virus I (HSV) infection. IFN-γ compromises the microtubules that ... Chesler DA, Reiss CS (December 2002). "The role of IFN-gamma in immune responses to viral infections of the central nervous ... In both the human and rodent systems, chlamydia has evolved mechanisms to circumvent the negative effects of host cell behavior ...
Chlamydia trachomatis is the M. violaceum of humans, except it is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection rather than fungal ... "Chlamydia trahomatis infection of the male genital tract: An update". Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 100 (1): 37-53. doi: ... In females, the infection can subdue the development of the reproductive organs, styles and ovaries, resulting in complete ... Male S. latifolia tend to have a lower rate of infection compared to female S. latifolia because males have the ability to drop ...
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia may also refer to: ... a genus of pathogenic bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, causing human sexually transmitted disease and eye infections Chlamydia ... also known as Chlamydia pneumoniae, an airborne chlamydial species responsible for human respiratory infection and numerous ... muridarum, causing disease in mice and hamsters (the Muridae) Chlamydia suis, infects pigs (Sus scrofa) Chlamydia psittaci, ...
Approximately one in fourteen untreated Chlamydia infections will result in salpingitis. Over one million cases of acute ... Because the infection can spread via the lymph vessels, infection in one Fallopian tube usually leads to infection of the other ... Other complications are: Infection of ovaries and uterus Infection of sex partners An abscess on the ovary Internal scars ... "The natural history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women: a multi-parameter evidence synthesis". Health Technology ...
Infections caused by Trichomonas, Chlamydia and yeasts produce leukocyturia without bacteriuria. The inflammation of the renal ... Urinary infections can be identified including bacteriuria and pyuria. The test for nitrites is a rapid screening method for ... The test is a rapid screen for possible infections by enteric bacteria, but it does not replace the urinalysis tests nor ... Some of the gram negative bacteria species that most commonly cause urinary tract infections (Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, ...
... can be due to Chlamydia infection and testing for Chlamydia antibodies is one diagnostic tool. A ... Tubal factor is one complication of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women. Sexually transmitted Chlamydia and genital ... Chlamydia or Mycoplasma infection has caused tubal damage, as the affected woman may not have attempted to become pregnant ... When the infections progress and ascend, they can result in TFI. Infertility can have multiple possible causes and may not be ...
They also provide protection against other sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV and Chlamydia, which are associated ... Infection with some types of HPV is the greatest risk factor for cervical cancer, followed by smoking. HIV infection is also a ... Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) causes more than 90% of cases; most women who have had HPV infections, however, do not ... Infection with HPV is generally believed to be required for cervical cancer to occur. Cigarette smoking, both active and ...
On 20 July, Costa Rica recorded its first monkeypox infection. It was in a 34-year-old male from the United States who resided ... chlamydia, and herpes. An index case was imported into the United States on 18 May 2022, by a man who had recently travelled to ... On 16 July, Barbados confirmed its first monkeypox infection. It was in a Barbadian patient of unknown gender in his 30s. It is ... On 20 August, Cuba reported its first monkeypox infection. It was in a male Italian tourist of unknown gender. He most likely ...
In infections before the current outbreak, 1-3 percent of people with known infections have died (without treatment). Cases in ... chlamydia, and herpes. The first death outside of endemic Africa was reported in Brazil on 29 July 2022, in a 41-year-old man ... Monkeypox infection was immediately suspected, and the patient was hospitalised at a specialist clinical unit of the Guy's and ... "Human Animal Infections and Risk Surveillance group (HAIRS)". Archived from the original on 30 May 2022. Retrieved ...
It is usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia) or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonorrhea) though other bacteria such as ... Liver function tests will typically be normal or unchanged from baseline as the infection does not involve the liver parenchyma ... Testing for gonorrhea and chlamydia should be performed to make the diagnosis. An endocervical or low vaginal swab should be ... causing infection and inflammation. Occasionally, this inflammation can cause scar tissue to form on Glisson's capsule, a thin ...
Del Bigio syndrome Chitty-Hall-Baraitser syndrome Chitty-Hall-Webb syndrome Chlamydia Chlamydia pneumoniae Chlamydia ... pneumoconiosis Coarctation of aorta dominant Coarse face hypotonia constipation Coats disease Cocaine antenatal infection ... Cennamo-Gangemi syndrome Central core disease Central diabetes insipidus Central nervous system protozoal infections Central ... skull bone dysplasia Cloverleaf skull micromelia thoracic dysplasia Clubfoot Cluster headache CMV antenatal infection Coach ...
Babies infected with chlamydia may develop pneumonitis (chest infection) at a later stage (range 2-19 weeks after delivery). ... "Chlamydia trachomatis". In: Red Book: 2015 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 30th, Kimberlin DW (Ed), Elk Grove ... It is typically due to neonatal bacterial infection, although can also be non-infectious (e.g. chemical exposure). Infectious ... Topical therapy is not effective and also does not treat the infection of the nasopharynx. Herpes simplex conjunctivitis should ...
... followed by Chlamydia trachomatis. Active bacterial infections may be treated with a topical antibiotic or a combination ... including virus, fungus, chlamydia, and nematodes. Malinovsky, Victor (2006). "Phylctenular Ulcers" (PDF). Indiana University ... may be used in systemic or particularly severe/intractable infections. Erythromycin may be an effective alternative, especially ...
A study in 1988 found that the smallpox vaccine was around 85% protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in ... chlamydia, and herpes. On 18 May 2022, the Community of Madrid regional government reported the first eight suspected cases of ... CDC has also warned clinicians to not rule out monkeypox in patients with sexually transmitted infections since there have been ... Smallpox, monkeypox and other poxvirus infections". In Goldman, Lee; Schafer, Andrew I. (eds.). Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Vol. 2 ...
... infections from gonorrhea, or chlamydia, but continued to require medical treatment. He died at his home in Durham, North ...
In particular, infection with the sexually transmitted infections Chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis seems to increase risk. ... Antibiotics should be used to prevent complications such as fever, urinary tract infections, and sepsis even if the most ... Caini S, Gandini S, Dudas M, Bremer V, Severi E, Gherasim A (August 2014). "Sexually transmitted infections and prostate cancer ... "Extensively drug-resistant Shigella sonnei infections - Europe". Retrieved 2022-04-28. PDQ Screening and ...
Lab tests such as a complete blood count (CBC test) or urine test can also be conducted to check for any possible infection or ... and urine nucleic acid amplification tests for presence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. Management of ... Antibiotics may also be prescribed in cases where risk of infection and discomfort is indicated. Aspiration and sclerotherapy ... Spermatocelectomy can cause complications such as hematoma, wound infection, scrotal abscess as well as recurrence. After ...
... is used as a topical treatment for bacterial skin infections (for example, boils, impetigo, or open wounds), which ... Mupirocin is inactive for most anaerobic bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma, chlamydia, yeast, and fungi. Intranasal mupirocin ... Mupirocin, sold under the brand name Bactroban among others, is a topical antibiotic useful against superficial skin infections ... Cookson BD (January 1998). "The emergence of mupirocin resistance: a challenge to infection control and antibiotic prescribing ...
HIV infection is less unbalanced in gender infections, but other STDs disproportionately affect women, "who bear 80 percent of ... The CDC analyses the eight most common STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2 ... Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections and Women The majority of HIV infections, risks, and other sexually transmitted ... The rates of infection are five to eight times higher in the Black community compared to non-Hispanic White people. Young ...
Chlamydia pneumoniae Mild form of pneumonia with relatively mild symptoms. Chlamydia psittaci Causes psittacosis. Coxiella ... No signs and symptoms of lobar consolidation, meaning that the infection is restricted to small areas, rather than involving a ... Chest radiographs (X-ray photographs) often show a pulmonary infection before physical signs of atypical pneumonia are ... Mycoplasma is a type of bacteria without a cell wall and Chlamydias are intracellular bacteria). As the conditions caused by ...
Common infection causes include: sexual intercourse with someone who has a sexually transmitted disease (STD), infection from a ... The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis can cause 2 conditions in humans; viz. trachoma and lymphogranuloma venereum. Trachoma can ... Occasionally, intestinal parasitic infection can present with discharge, for example whipworm. Several pathologies can present ... associated with certain infections Pruritus ani Rectal bleeding Perianal erythema, swelling and tenderness Pus usually ...
Close contact with sheep who have recently given birth can lead to infection with the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci, causing ... The unidentified infection of these pigs amplified the force of infection, transmitting the virus to farmers, and eventually ... Close contact with cattle can lead to cutaneous anthrax infection, whereas inhalation anthrax infection is more common for ... Toxocariasis is the infection of humans by any of species of roundworm, including species specific to dogs (Toxocara canis) or ...
In this sense, the most likely cause of NSU is a chlamydia infection. However, the term NSU is sometimes distinguished and used ... Thus, depending on the sense, chlamydia can either be the most likely cause or have been ruled out, and frequently detected ... In women, the signs and symptoms are discharge from vagina, burning or pain when urinating, anal or oral infections, abdominal ... The most common bacterial cause of NGU is Chlamydia trachomatis,[citation needed] but it can also be caused by Ureaplasma ...
Refugees are regularly screened for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV infection when they relocate. As the COVID-19 ... Improper care can cause progressive infections, such as bacterial vaginosis (BV) or reproductive tract infection (RTI). With ... thus making it difficult to properly control the rate and spread of infection. Hepatitis B infection is endemic in Africa, ... The most common types are viral Hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis B and C can result in chronic infections, while Hepatitis A is ...
Antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone and doxycycline, if there is infection[citation needed] Colitis Proctitis Online Medical ... Common infectious causes of proctocolitis include Chlamydia trachomatis, LGV (Lymphogranuloma venereum), Neisseria gonorrhoeae ...
... can cause skin infections in marine fish. The disease caused by Tenacibaculum maritimum is called ... Chlamydiae, and Planctomycetes. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9780387685724. Plumb, John A.; Hanson, Larry A. (2011 ... Avendaño-Herrera, R; Toranzo, AE; Magariños, B (2006). "Tenacibaculosis infection in marine fish caused by Tenacibaculum ...
... gonococcal infection, chlamydia, scabies, leprosy or syphilis. A person who has HIV infection is banned from providing sexual ... "Country mission Latvia: HIV, sexually transmitted infections and hepatitis B and C" (PDF). European Centre for Disease ... A prostitute may not provide services while having herpes infection, dermatophytosis, pubic lice, ...
Chlamydia is a genus of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria that are obligate intracellular parasites. Chlamydia infections are ... The IhtA RNA is conserved across Chlamydia species. Most commonly, chlamydial infections do not cause symptoms. However, for ... Chlamydia is part of the order Chlamydiales, family Chlamydiaceae. In the early 1990s six species of Chlamydia were known. A ... 2017), "Compendium of measures to control Chlamydia psittaci infection among humans (psittacosis) and pet birds (avian ...
Antibiotics and antifungals can be used to treat the infection, but good hygiene such as keeping the area dry is essential to ... Common causative organisms include candida, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. The cause must be properly diagnosed before a treatment ... If infection is sexually transmitted, sexual partners should be notified and treated. Posthitis and balanitis (inflammation of ... Hygiene, in particular the regular cleaning of the glans, is generally considered sufficient to prevent infection and ...
Some infections can be dealt with by the body's own immune system, but more serious infections are treated with antimicrobial ... Bacterial Streptococcal pharyngitis Chlamydia Typhoid fever Tuberculosis Viral Rotavirus Hepatitis C Human papillomavirus (HPV ... Bacterial infections are treated with antibacterials (often called antibiotics) whereas fungal and viral infections are treated ... This technique is the current standard for detecting viral infections such as AIDS and hepatitis. Once an infection has been ...
The most common organisms are Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Streptococcus agalactiae ( ... It is the most common cause of infection after childbirth. It is also part of spectrum of diseases that make up pelvic ... The acute form is usually from an infection that passes through the cervix as a result of an abortion, during menstruation, ... In order for pyometra to develop, there must be both an infection and blockage of cervix. Signs and symptoms include lower ...
The Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium is first cultured (in the yolk sacs of eggs) by Tang Feifan and colleagues. Costin ... Darougar, S.; Jones, B. R.; Kinnison, J. R.; Vaughan-Jackson, J. D.; Dunlop, E. M. (December 1972). "Chlamydial infection: ... advances in the diagnostic isolation of Chlamydia, including TRIC agent, from the eye, genital tract, and rectum". British ...
Sexually transmitted diseases and infections, Bacterial diseases, Chlamydia infections, Infections with a predominantly sexual ... Infections by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis are present in 75 to 90 percent of cases. Often, multiple ... Without treatment, about 10 percent of those with a chlamydial infection and 40 percent of those with a gonorrhea infection ... Even when the PID infection is cured, effects of the infection may be permanent. This makes early identification essential. ...
This is to ensure no new infections have been acquired or have developed during since the donation. If the result is negative, ... HIV-1/2 see sections below HTLV-1/2 Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Syphilis Gonorrhea Chlamydia Cytomegalovirus (CMV) see sections ... However, the risk of acquiring CMV infection from an antibody-positive sperm donor is believed to be extremely low, at least ... chromosomal abnormalities and sexually transmitted infections (STDs) that may be transmitted through the donor's sperm. The ...
ISBN 978-0-8138-0589-4. Cabaret, J.; Hugonnet, L. (1987). "Infection of roe-deer in France by the lung nematode, Dictyocaulus ... Brucellosis Avian flu Echinococcus multilocularis Leptospirosis Chlamydia in koalas Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) Human ... In other words, less individuals-as caused by disease-means lower infection rates and a population equilibrium. ...
... bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae Mycoplasma pneumoniae Safety and effectiveness of clarithromycin in treating clinical infections ... It is effective against upper and lower respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections and helicobacter pylori ... This includes strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, H. pylori infection, and Lyme disease, among others. Clarithromycin can ... Other uses include cat scratch disease and other infections due to bartonella, cryptosporidiosis, as a second line agent in ...
HIV Infection. Persons who have chlamydia and HIV infection should receive the same treatment regimen as those who do not have ... incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection (785). Although chlamydia incidence might ... MSM with chlamydia have a high risk for coexisting infections, especially undiagnosed HIV, among their partners and might have ... Neonates born to mothers at high risk for chlamydial infection, with untreated chlamydia, or with no or unconfirmed prenatal ...
Chlamydia usually does not have symptoms. Learn about tests and prevention. ... Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease that men and women can get. ... Chlamydia infections in women (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Chlamydial infections - male (Medical Encyclopedia) Also ... How is chlamydia spread?. You can get chlamydia during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has chlamydia. A pregnant ...
Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial ... Chlamydial infection can cause disease in many organ systems, including the genitourinary tract. ... encoded search term (Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections)) and Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections) What ... Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections). Updated: Mar 09, 2021 * Author: Shahab Qureshi, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: ...
... chlamydia infections caused a type of DNA damage that may increase the risk of cancer. ... Chlamydia (green) sheltered inside a human host cell (red). (Image credit: Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology/V. ... Chlamydia infections can cause DNA damage that may increase the risk of later developing cancer, a new study suggests. ... Earlier studies found an association between chlamydia infections and an increased risk of cervical and ovarian cancer in ...
PATIENT CARE: AN EXPANDED ROLE FOR THE USE OF CHLAMYDIA TESTS. Presumptive Diagnosis of Chlamydial Infection. Chlamydia Tests ... Chlamydia infections: Proceedings of the sixth international symposium on human Chlamydial infections. Cambridge: Cambridge ... Screening Women for Chlamydial Infection. Screening of women for chlamydial infection is a principal element of a chlamydia ... PATIENT CARE: AN EXPANDED ROLE FOR THE USE OF CHLAMYDIA TESTS. The Chlamydia trachomatis infections policy guidelines published ...
Gaydos CA, Howell MR, Pare B, Clark KL, Ellis DA, Hendrix RM, Chlamydia trachomatis infections in female military recruits. N ... Diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis genitourinary infections. Ann Intern Med. 1988;108:710-7.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Chlamydia trachomatis infections of the adult. In: Holmes KK, Mardh P-A, Sparling PF, Wiesner PJ, editors. Sexually transmitted ... Chlamydia trachomatis Infections in Female Soldiers, Israel. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2003;9(10):1344-1346. doi:10.3201/ ...
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Approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. Although NICHD does study STIs, their ... Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their ... Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their ... This advanced stage of HIV infection is known as AIDS.. *People whose HIV infection has progressed to AIDS have a weakened ...
The results have potentially wide application for proposed chlamydia screening programmes which, given the demonstrated ... and the demographic and behavioural determinants of prevalent genital chlamydial infection. ... Sexual behaviour in Britain: reported sexually transmitted infections and prevalent genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection ... and the prevalence of urinary Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Methods: We did a stratified probability sample survey of 11161 ...
Completeness of and duration of time before treatment after screening women for Chlamydia trachomatis infections G Foglia 1 , P ... Female genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection: where are we heading? Mylonas I. Mylonas I. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2012 May;285(5 ... Completeness of and duration of time before treatment after screening women for Chlamydia trachomatis infections G Foglia et al ... Patterns of Chlamydia trachomatis testing and follow-up at a University Hospital Medical Center. Bachmann LH, Richey CM, Waites ...
ZOONOSES : Chlamydial infection in lambing ewes = ZOONOSES : Infection à Chlamydiae chez les brebis en période dagnelage. ... 1987)‎. ZOONOSES : Chlamydial infection in lambing ewes = ZOONOSES : Infection à Chlamydiae chez les brebis en période ...
Modified self-obtained pooled sampling to screen for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in men who have ... Modified self-obtained pooled sampling to screen for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in men who have ... alternative to three single-site sample testing to screen for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in ... Evaluation of self-collected glans and rectal swabs from men who have sex with men for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and ...
Charles Stratton on Chlamydia Pneumoniae (Cpn) Infection August 2006 I recently had a phone conversation with Dr. Charles ... Here, we report on two patients with ACD where a persistent infection with Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae (CP) was ... Strattons recent observations on Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Putting it together has contributed greatly to my own ... At this point in the infection cycle, the type and locus of the Cpn infection then determines which disease will result and ...
Genital Infections case definitions; uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. ... Chlamydia Trachomatis, Genital Infections , 1996 Case Definition. *Chlamydia Trachomatis, Genital Infections , 1995 Case ... Chlamydia Trachomatis, Genital Infections , 1990 Case Definition. Related Condition(s). *Chlamydia trachomatis infection ...
Chlamydia trachomatis genovars causing urogenital infections in Santiago, Chile. Chlamydia trachomatis genovars causing ... Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection in Chile, but little is known about the genovar distribution ... Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia; Chlamydia trachomatis/genética; Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/microbiologia; Doenças ... Infecções por Chlamydia / Chlamydia trachomatis / Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas / Doenças Urogenitais Femininas Tipo de estudo ...
... methods and kits for preventing and/or treating chlamydia infections.. Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular human ... Features nucleic acids, attenuated pathogens, compositions, methods and kits to treat and prevent chlamydia infections. ... The NIAID inventor had studied chlamydia strains in both non-human primate and murine infectious models providing evidence that ... Virulence attenuated vectors that can be used as vaccines against chlamydia.. *Combination of vector with attenuated pathogenic ...
Urogenital infections during pregnancy due to Chlamydia trachomatis Although the optimal dose and duration of therapy have not ... Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of ... Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae.. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity ... For adults with uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in whom ...
Share info and advice with people concerned by Chlamydia infections ✓ The leading social network for patients, their family and ... Living with Infection - Inflammation - Immune system diseases feeling trapped by the ticking time bomb quality of life with my ... Living with Infection - Inflammation - Immune system diseases Biotherapy and COVID-19: Has the virus had an impact on your ... Living with Infection - Inflammation - Immune system diseases Coronavirus and immune system and inflammatory diseases - ...
But what is chlamydia pneumoniae, exactly? And how does it affect patients? ... One of the most prominent Lyme co-infections is named chlamydia pneumoniae. ... Tagged Chlamydia Pneumoniae, Co-infections, Lyme Co-infections, Lyme Disease, Tick Bites, Tick-borne diseases ... Lyme Co-Infections: What Is Chlamydia Pneumoniae?. October 7, 2019. September 27, 2019. talktick ...
Details for: Prevalence and incidence of selected sexually transmitted infections, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae ... Prevalence and incidence of selected sexually transmitted infections, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, syphilis ...
3Women who are unmarried or are 18-24 years of age were more likely to test positive for chlamydia.4 Chlamydia infections are ... Chlamydia was the most common infection (27.9% in 2012 and 22.9% in 2017), with fewer tests in 2017 compared to 2012 (2207 to ... Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Samoan women aged 18 to 29 and assessment of possible risk factors: a ... Return to Article Details Comparing age and sex trends of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis and syphilis infections in Samoa in ...
New Research published in the Journal of Sexually Transmitted diseases indicates that infection with chlamydia or gonorrhoea in ... Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea infections lead to pregnancy complications. by Dr Wayne Cottrell , Dec 19, 2014 , Genital Herpes, ... Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea infections lead to pregnancy complications. They found that among the women in the sample at least 1% ... New Research published in the Journal of Sexually Transmitted diseases indicates that infection with chlamydia or gonorrhoea in ...
Chlamydia psittaci infections. A7481. Chlamydial peritonitis. A7489. Other chlamydial diseases. A749. Chlamydial infection, ... Other specified viral infections characterized by skin and mucous membrane lesions. B09. Unspecified viral infection ...
Occurrence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae in paediatric respiratory infections.. Title. Occurrence of ... Adolescent, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Bronchoscopy, Child, Child, Preschool, Chlamydia Infections, Chlamydia trachomatis, ... out of 32 BALF samples with cultivable Chlamydia, respectively. Viable Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia trachomatis occur ... Chlamydia-specific DNA was detected by PCR in 124 (68%) out of 182 patients; 79 were positive for Cp, 77 positive for Ct and 32 ...
Chlamydia Infection Screening. *Cholesterol Screening. *Chronic Care Management. *Dementia Evaluation. *Dementia or Depression ...
Chlamydia trachomatis infection. (Export Data). (PDF). Cholera. (Export Data). (PDF). Coccidioidomycosis. Total. (Export Data) ... Salmonella Typhi infection. (Export Data). (PDF). Salmonellosis (excluding Salmonella Typhi infection and Salmonella Paratyphi ... Hantavirus infection, non-hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (Export Data). (PDF). Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (Export Data). ( ...
Chlamydia trachomatis infection. (Export Data). (PDF). Cholera. (Export Data). (PDF). Coccidioidomycosis. Total. (Export Data) ... Salmonella Typhi infection. (Export Data). (PDF). Salmonellosis (excluding Salmonella Typhi infection and Salmonella Paratyphi ... Hantavirus infection, non-hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (Export Data). (PDF). Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (Export Data). ( ...
Chlamydia trachomatis and clinical genital infections: a general review.. Terho P. Infection; 1982; 10 Suppl 1():S5-9. PubMed ... 3. [Role of Chlamydiae in genital infections in man].. Olier C; Sirot J. Sem Hop; 1983 Oct; 59(39):2719-24. PubMed ID: 6316529 ... Chlamydia trachomatis infections in Japan.. Kumamoto Y. Clin Ther; 1986; 9 Suppl A():11-6. PubMed ID: 3829086. [TBL] ... 1. Complicated infections of the male genital tract with emphasis on Chlamydia trachomatis as an etiological agent.. Colleen S ...
  • Diagnosis and management of uncomplicated Chlamydia trachomatis infections in adolescents and adults: summary of evidence reviewed for the 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines. (
  • METHODS: We obtained annual reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, number of active shale wells from Enverus (formerly known as DrillingInfo), and sociodemographic covariates from the US Census Bureau. (
  • Sexually transmitted diseases or infections (STDs or STIs) affect millions of people in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged ≤24 years ( 141 , 784 ). (
  • To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. (
  • In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection ( 785 ). (
  • Chlamydial infection can cause disease in many organ systems, including the genitourinary tract. (
  • The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine screening for chlamydial infections. (
  • Routine Chlamydia screening of sexually active young women is recommended to prevent consequences of untreated chlamydial infection (eg, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility , ectopic pregnancy , and chronic pelvic pain). (
  • The pathophysiologic mechanisms of chlamydial infection are poorly understood at best. (
  • Infection with chlamydial organisms invokes a humoral cell response, resulting in secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) and circulatory immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and a cellular immune response. (
  • Those guidelines highlighted the prevalence and morbidity of chlamydial infections and stressed the need to include antibiotics effective against chlamydia when treating patients for urethritis, mucopurulent cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. (
  • In addition, these recommendations propose a national strategy for reducing the morbidity of chlamydial infections by detection and treatment and through the prevention of transmission to uninfected persons. (
  • Because chlamydial infections are common among adolescents and young adults throughout the United States, health-care providers and other agencies serving these groups should become more involved if a sufficiently large proportion of the chlamydia-infected population is to be reached. (
  • More than 4 million chlamydial infections occur annually (2,3). (
  • In the United States, published studies of sexually active females screened during visits to health-care providers indicate that age is the sociodemographic factor most strongly associated with chlamydial infection. (
  • The prevalence of chlamydial infection also has been higher among those patients who live in inner cities, have a lower socioeconomic status, or are black (5-11). (
  • We show substantial heterogeneity in distribution of reported STIs, and the demographic and behavioural determinants of prevalent genital chlamydial infection. (
  • From Dr. Stratton's perspective on the biology of Cpn, and utilizing the evidence from Stewart, Yamaguchi and others, if 25% of "healthy" volunteers are in fact infected with Cpn, including potentially liver and immune system (white cells) cells as important sites of infection (see explanation below), then a highly potent anti-chlamydial agent will kill many Cpn in parasitized cells. (
  • Understanding the plasmid's role in chlamydial pathogenesis at a molecular level is an important objective for the future control of chlamydial infections. (
  • The NIAID inventor had studied chlamydia strains in both non-human primate and murine infectious models providing evidence that plasmids play an important role in chlamydial pathogenesis. (
  • Although evidence is insufficient to recommend routine screening for C. trachomatis among sexually active young men because of certain factors (i.e., feasibility, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness), screening of sexually active young men should be considered in clinical settings with a high prevalence of chlamydia (e.g., adolescent clinics, correctional facilities, or STD specialty clinics) or for populations with a high burden of infection (e.g. (
  • We examined the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Israeli female soldiers. (
  • Recent studies from the United States and Europe report that the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis ranges from 5% to 20% in sexually active persons ( 1 , 2 ). (
  • The results of this analysis confirm previously observed trends in Samoa for younger age groups' prevalence of chlamydia and gonorrhoea, and for older age groups' prevalence of hepatitis B and C. But the analysis also unexpectedly found that older age groups (aged 45 and above) are more likely to test positive for syphilis (for years 2014 and 2017). (
  • Some countries are so worried about the prevalence of Chlamydia that they have created national screening initatives and advise that people under 25 who are sexually active should be tested for the infection annually. (
  • Oakeshott P, Kerry S, Aghaizu A, Atherton H, Hay S, Taylor-Robinson D, Simms I, Hay P. Randomised controlled trial of screening for Chlamydia trachomatis to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease: the POPI (prevention of pelvic infection) trial. (
  • Urine-based screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics. (
  • What are some types of and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)? (
  • As part of a national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles (Natsal 2000) in Britain, we estimated the frequency of self-reported STIs, and the prevalence of urinary Chlamydia trachomatis infection. (
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an ongoing health challenge in Samoa and across the Pacific. (
  • 8 This suggests a persistently high prevalence of STIs, particularly chlamydia, for the past decade. (
  • Studies of the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) are largely based on surveillance data. (
  • Molecular epidemiology and genotyping of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a cohort of young asymptomatic sexually active women (18-25 years) in Milan, Italy. (
  • This study aims at evaluating the prevalence of Ct infection in young sexually active asymptomatic women aged 18-25, and characterizing the molecular epidemiology of the different circulating genovars in this population. (
  • Genital Chlamydia infections: epidemiology and reproductive sequelae. (
  • Prevalence and incidence of selected sexually transmitted infections, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, syphilis and trichomonas vaginalis : methods and results used by WHO to generate 2005 estimates. (
  • Odds ratio and χ 2 tests were conducted to compare the rates of positivity of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis across age groups from 2012 and 2017 surveillance data in Samoa. (
  • 2 Samoa has historically reported high rates of chlamydia and gonorrhoea and low rates of HIV and syphilis from cross-sectional antenatal prevalence studies. (
  • The first seroprevalence survey in the country, conducted in 2000, found that chlamydia and trichomoniasis infections were common among pregnant women (30.9% and 20.8%, respectively), with a low prevalence of gonorrhoea and syphilis (3.3% and 0.5%, respectively). (
  • The 2017 national positivity rates for chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis (24.2%, 5.6% and 1.04%, respectively) are similar to previous prevalence rates. (
  • For a cross-sectional study, the data of all patients in the country who had an STI investigation (routine or suspect) from any provider were analysed for years 2012 ( n = 18 804) and 2017 ( n = 48 898) to compare trends in the positive diagnosis of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis by age and sex. (
  • Multiple sequelae can result from C. trachomatis infection among women, the most serious of which include PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. (
  • Among women, the primary focus of chlamydia screening should be to detect and treat chlamydia, prevent complications, and test and treat their partners, whereas targeted chlamydia screening for men should be considered only when resources permit, prevalence is high, and such screening does not hinder chlamydia screening efforts for women ( 789 - 791 ). (
  • Women who have had chlamydia infections more than once are at higher risk of serious reproductive health complications. (
  • Complications from untreated infections are rare in men, but the condition can cause a burning sensation when urinating, and very rarely, prevent a man from fathering children, the CDC says. (
  • To prevent health complications and sexual transmission, treatment should be provided promptly for all persons testing positive for infection, and recent sexual partners should be treated at the same time to prevent reinfection. (
  • Numerous complications, some of them fatal, can ensue from this kind of infection. (
  • New Research published in the Journal of Sexually Transmitted diseases indicates that infection with chlamydia or gonorrhoea in the lead up to or during pregnancy can increase the risk of complications such as stillbirth or premature birth. (
  • Looking at this study I think it is difficult to draw straightforward conclusions from the figures , as the infections might just be a marker for women at high risk of birth complications, and the study authors noted this too. (
  • 4. Reproductive tract complications associated with Chlamydia trachomatis infection in US Air Force males within 4 years of testing. (
  • The only sure way to prevent chlamydia is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. (
  • Features nucleic acids, attenuated pathogens, compositions, methods and kits to treat and prevent chlamydia infections. (
  • Asymptomatic infection is common among both men and women. (
  • Most importantly, for up to 80% of infected women, infection is asymptomatic, resulting in failure to seek timely medical care and the exacerbation of such sequelae ( 4 ). (
  • To assess whether pooled sample testing with nucleic acid amplification tests was a potential alternative to three single-site sample testing to screen for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in asymptomatic men who have sex with men. (
  • Despite this, on its own chlamydia pneumoniae can be asymptomatic or mild, especially in the early stages. (
  • This study underlines the high prevalence of asymptomatic Ct-infections among young women. (
  • Overall, about half of asymptomatic infections is sustained by genovar E. The introduction in Italy of a systematic screening program should be considered to allow a better understanding of Ct spreading and providing women with an opportunity for early treatment to protect their sexual and reproductive health. (
  • Chlamydia may be under-detected because the majority of people with an infection are asymptomatic Footnote 2 Footnote 3 and empiric treatment may be given without laboratory testing. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis genovars causing urogenital infections in Santiago, Chile. (
  • 19. [Partner diagnosis with special reference to urogenital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and mycoplasmas from the viewpoint of the urologist]. (
  • Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their health care provider. (
  • Like chlamydia, if left untreated, gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease , which can lead to chronic pelvic pain and permanent damage to a woman's reproductive organs. (
  • What are the symptoms of chlamydia? (
  • Chlamydia doesn't usually cause any symptoms. (
  • But even if you don't have symptoms, you can still pass the infection to others. (
  • If you do have symptoms, they may not appear until several weeks after you have sex with someone who has chlamydia. (
  • You should go to your provider for a test if you have symptoms of chlamydia or if you have a partner who has an STD. (
  • Infection by this organism is insidious -- symptoms are absent or minor among most infected women and many men. (
  • Many infected individuals will not experience symptoms, but chlamydia can cause fever, abdominal pain, and unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. (
  • Co-infections can exacerbate Lyme symptoms, induce similar disease manifestations, or both. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae is an infectious bacterium that can produce symptoms similar to Lyme. (
  • For most people who catch chlamydia pneumoniae independently of other conditions, this is the extent of the symptoms. (
  • These two infections can compound each other, worsening symptoms for patients. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae can be tough to diagnose initially, especially if there are minimal or no symptoms, but there are multiple ways of going about it. (
  • Just like malware on your computer, Chlamydia commonly shows no obvious symptoms. (
  • 14. Isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis from the urethra and from prostatic fluid in men with signs and symptoms of acute urethritis. (
  • Most people with chlamydia don't experience symptoms. (
  • C pneumoniae infection is spread via respiratory droplets and causes pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. (
  • I am very excited to present the following article that summarizes Dr. Stratton's recent observations on Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. (
  • However, untreated infections can damage the reproductive tract in women, and cause infertility. (
  • But left undetected Chlamydia can caused serious problems, such as infertility. (
  • It is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis . (
  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. (
  • To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Erythromycin Delayed-release Capsules, USP and other antibacterial drugs, Erythromycin Delayed-release Capsules, USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. (
  • Erythromycin has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following bacteria both in vitro and in clinical infections as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section. (
  • When we talk about co-infections , we refer to infectious bacteria transmitted simultaneously with Lyme via tick bite. (
  • There is also an aspect of the bacteria that makes it particularly dangerous for Lyme patients: chlamydia pneumoniae has been linked to the development of arthritis. (
  • But combined with Lyme or other infections, the bacteria are afforded the opportunity to run rampant. (
  • Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial cells. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular human pathogen with a unique biphasic developmental growth cycle. (
  • Certain women who receive a diagnosis of uncomplicated cervical infection already have subclinical upper genital tract infection. (
  • Until recently, chlamydia prevention and patient care were impeded by the lack of suitable laboratory tests for screening and diagnosis. (
  • When considering a Lyme diagnosis, it is crucial that all potential co-infections are tested for and addressed simultaneously. (
  • If the chlamydia infects the rectum (in men or women), it can cause rectal pain, discharge, and bleeding. (
  • Chlamydia infects columnar epithelial cells, which places the adolescent female at particular risk because of the presence of the squamocolumnar junction on the ectocervix until early adulthood. (
  • Please remember that these are his theoretical speculations based on his review of prior and emerging research, as well as on his considerable clinical experience treating Cpn infections. (
  • The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate or commercialize chlamydia vaccine. (
  • 17. Chlamydia trachomatis and clinical genital infections: a general review. (
  • Babies born to infected mothers can get eye infections and pneumonia from chlamydia. (
  • C trachomatis infection causes other diseases as well, including conjunctivitis, pneumonia or pneumonitis, afebrile pneumonia syndrome (in infants born vaginally to infected mothers), Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, and trachoma (the world's leading cause of acquired blindness). (
  • Can be transmitted to fetus during pregnancy or to infant during delivery, causing eye infections or pneumonia. (
  • In 1985, CDC published Policy Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Chlamydia trachomatis infections (1). (
  • To facilitate such collaborations, this document outlines the elements of a chlamydia prevention program. (
  • These recommendations were developed by CDC after consultation with experts attending a chlamydia prevention workshop held in Atlanta, Georgia, March 26-28, 1991. (
  • In Samoa, the seroprevalence rates of sexually transmitted infections other than HIV have been endemically high over the past decade, despite years of prevention programming. (
  • This program integrated services that had been provided via a number of smaller stand-alone contracts: In Vitro and Animal Models for Emerging Infectious Diseases and Biodefense, Tuberculosis (TB) Vaccine Testing and Research Materials, Animal Models for Prevention and Treatment of Hepatitis B & C, Animal Models of Human Viral Infection for Evaluation of Experimental Therapeutics, Schistosomiasis Research Reagent Resource Center, and Filariasis Research Resource Center. (
  • Rectal and oropharyngeal C. trachomatis infection among persons engaging in receptive anal or oral intercourse can be diagnosed by testing at the anatomic exposure site. (
  • They include the genera Chlamydia (of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis ) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci ). (
  • C psittaci infection is spread by bird droppings and aerosols and causes psittacosis. (
  • For women, C. trachomatis urogenital infection can be diagnosed by vaginal or cervical swabs or first-void urine. (
  • Earlier studies found an association between chlamydia infections and an increased risk of cervical and ovarian cancer in people, but such studies cannot prove cause and effect. (
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the U.S. and it is found in about 99% of cervical cancers. (
  • It is important to note that most women infected with HPV do not develop cervical cancer and most HPV infections will eventually go away on their own. (
  • Cervical samples collected from 909 sexually-active-young women (mean age 21.5 years) were analyzed through molecular assay for the detection of Ct infection. (
  • For men, C. trachomatis urethral infection can be diagnosed by testing first-void urine or a urethral swab. (
  • Optimal urogenital specimen types for chlamydia screening by using NAAT include first-catch urine (for men) and vaginal swabs (for women) ( 553 ). (
  • You can get chlamydia during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis infections are common in sexually active adolescents and young adults in the United States (CDC, unpublished review). (
  • Adolescents and young adults are at substantial risk of becoming infected with chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection in Chile , but little is known about the genovar distribution in genital infections . (
  • Chlamydia is the most common reportable sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Canada. (
  • Report on sexually transmitted infection surveillance in Canada, 2019. (
  • The toxins that chlamydia pneumoniae produces can also hamper the immune system. (
  • The immune system is in a particularly precarious state, so any co-infection is going to have an easier time spreading itself around the body and flourishing as it does. (
  • 9. Acute epididymitis and Chlamydia trachomatis. (
  • 18. Chlamydia trachomatis as a cause of acute "idiopathic" epididymitis. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and is associated with severe long-term sequelae in female populations. (
  • Risk of sequelae after Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection in women. (
  • The infection most often presents as an upper respiratory tract infection. (
  • Occurrence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae in paediatric respiratory infections. (
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of viable Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) and C. trachomatis (Ct) in the respiratory tracts of paediatric patients with chronic respiratory diseases. (
  • Viable Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia trachomatis occur frequently in children with chronic respiratory diseases and may be more prevalent in asthma patients. (
  • Half of all sexually experienced respondents aged 18-44 years were invited to provide a urine sample for ligase chain reaction testing for C trachomatis infection. (
  • A Multiregion Analysis of Shale Drilling Activity and Rates of Sexually Transmitted Infections in the United States. (
  • In women, an untreated infection can spread to your uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). (
  • Unrecognized infection is highly prevalent in this group (CDC, unpublished review). (
  • Antibiotic ointment is usually applied to a baby's eyes after birth to treat undetected chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia is treated with an antibiotic regimen, and you can usually recover from a case within a week or so. (
  • 25 years is recommended, as is screening of older women at increased risk for infection (e.g., women aged ≥25 years who have a new sex partner, more than one sex partner, a sex partner with concurrent partners, or a sex partner who has an STI) ( 149 ). (
  • The USPSTF recommends screening for chlamydia in sexually active females aged 24 years or younger and in older women who are at increased risk for infection. (