Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE whose species cause a variety of diseases in vertebrates including humans, mice, and swine. Chlamydia species are gram-negative and produce glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Species of CHLAMYDIA causing pneumonitis in mice and hamsters. These isolates formerly belonged to CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.
Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Inflammation of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria primarily found in purulent venereal discharges. It is the causative agent of GONORRHEA.
A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or MALLORY BODIES), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A form of fluorescent antibody technique utilizing a fluorochrome conjugated to an antibody, which is added directly to a tissue or cell suspension for the detection of a specific antigen. (Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
An infection of the eyes characterized by the presence in conjunctival epithelial cells of inclusion bodies indistinguishable from those of trachoma. It is acquired by infants during birth and by adults from swimming pools. The etiological agent is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS whose natural habitat appears to be the genito-urinary tract. Inclusion conjunctivitis is a less severe disease than trachoma and usually clears up spontaneously.
A DNA amplification technique based upon the ligation of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES. The probes are designed to exactly match two adjacent sequences of a specific target DNA. The chain reaction is repeated in three steps in the presence of excess probe: (1) heat denaturation of double-stranded DNA, (2) annealing of probes to target DNA, and (3) joining of the probes by thermostable DNA ligase. After the reaction is repeated for 20-30 cycles the production of ligated probe is measured.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Infections with bacteria of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE.
A family of gram-negative, coccoid microorganisms, in the order CHLAMYDIALES, pathogenic for vertebrates. Genera include CHLAMYDIA and CHLAMYDOPHILA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Infections of the genital tract in females or males. They can be caused by endogenous, iatrogenic, or sexually transmitted organisms.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
An aseptic, inflammatory arthritis developing secondary to a primary extra-articular infection, most typically of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or UROGENITAL SYSTEM. The initiating trigger pathogens are usually SHIGELLA; SALMONELLA; YERSINIA; CAMPYLOBACTER; or CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. Reactive arthritis is strongly associated with HLA-B27 ANTIGEN.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
Pathological processes of the VAGINA.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
Porins are protein molecules that were originally found in the outer membrane of GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA and that form multi-meric channels for the passive DIFFUSION of WATER; IONS; or other small molecules. Porins are present in bacterial CELL WALLS, as well as in plant, fungal, mammalian and other vertebrate CELL MEMBRANES and MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANES.
Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
A group I chaperonin protein that forms the barrel-like structure of the chaperonin complex. It is an oligomeric protein with a distinctive structure of fourteen subunits, arranged in two rings of seven subunits each. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroEL protein.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from urethral specimens of patients with non-gonoccocal URETHRITIS. In primates it exists in parasitic association with ciliated EPITHELIAL CELLS in the genital and respiratory tracts.
All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
Used as a support for ion-exchange chromatography.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Sexual activities of humans.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Purulent infections of the conjunctiva by several species of gram-negative, gram-positive, or acid-fast organisms. Some of the more commonly found genera causing conjunctival infections are Haemophilus, Streptococcus, Neisseria, and Chlamydia.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
A branch of medicine which deals with sexually transmitted disease.
An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
A family of marsupials in the order Diprotodontia, native to Australia and possessing vestigial tails. There is a single living genus and species: Phascolarctos cinereus, the koala.
Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.
Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.
INFLAMMATION of the MUCOUS MEMBRANE of the RECTUM, the distal end of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria which are common parasitic inhabitants of the urogenital tracts of humans, cattle, dogs, and monkeys.
A common gynecologic disorder characterized by an abnormal, nonbloody discharge from the genital tract.
The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
Pneumonia caused by infections with the genus CHLAMYDIA; and CHLAMYDOPHILA, usually with CHLAMYDOPHILA PNEUMONIAE.
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Inflammation of the EPIDIDYMIS. Its clinical features include enlarged epididymis, a swollen SCROTUM; PAIN; PYURIA; and FEVER. It is usually related to infections in the URINARY TRACT, which likely spread to the EPIDIDYMIS through either the VAS DEFERENS or the lymphatics of the SPERMATIC CORD.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
A short-acting sulfonamide antibacterial with activity against a wide range of gram- negative and gram-positive organisms.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
A cultured line of C3H mouse FIBROBLASTS that do not adhere to one another and do not express CADHERINS.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
A common inhabitant of the vagina and cervix and a potential human pathogen, causing infections of the male and female reproductive tracts. It has also been associated with respiratory disease and pharyngitis. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)
Infections with bacteria of the order MYCOPLASMATALES.
A clear or white discharge from the VAGINA, consisting mainly of MUCUS.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
The external and internal organs related to reproduction.
The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
A synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA GYRASE, halting DNA REPLICATION.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
A republic in the north of South America, bordered on the west by GUYANA (British Guiana) and on the east by FRENCH GUIANA. Its capital is Paramaribo. It was formerly called Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana or Surinam. Suriname was first settled by the English in 1651 but was ceded to the Dutch by treaty in 1667. It became an autonomous territory under the Dutch crown in 1954 and gained independence in 1975. The country was named for the Surinam River but the meaning of that name is uncertain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1167 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p526)

Studies on the response of ewes to live chlamydiae adapted to chicken embryos or tissue culture. (1/481)

Ewes infected before gestation with chicken embryo or tissue culture adapted chlamydial strain B-577 were challenge inoculated with the homologous strain at four to 18 weeks of gestation. The ewes responsed with group specific complement fixing antibody titers of 1:8 to 1:256 by the second week after initial infection. A secondary antibody response in the surviving challenge inoculated ewes occurred at the time of lambing and reached titers of 1:32 to 1:256 by the second week after parturition. Group specific complement fixing antibodies did not appear to play a significant role in resistance to chlamydial infection. Ewes infected with the chicken embryo adapted strain B-577 excreted chlamydiae in their feces 60 days after inoculation. However, chlamydiae were not recovered from feces of ewes infected with the tissue culture adapted strain B-577. Placentas of ewes challenge inoculated by the intravenous route were consistently infected. Chlamydiae were recovered from placentas, some fetuses and lambs. In two instances when challenge inoculation was given by the intramuscular route, infection was detected only by the direct fluorescent antibody method.  (+info)

Chlamydia infections and heart disease linked through antigenic mimicry. (2/481)

Chlamydia infections are epidemiologically linked to human heart disease. A peptide from the murine heart muscle-specific alpha myosin heavy chain that has sequence homology to the 60-kilodalton cysteine-rich outer membrane proteins of Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. psittaci, and C. trachomatis was shown to induce autoimmune inflammatory heart disease in mice. Injection of the homologous Chlamydia peptides into mice also induced perivascular inflammation, fibrotic changes, and blood vessel occlusion in the heart, as well as triggering T and B cell reactivity to the homologous endogenous heart muscle-specific peptide. Chlamydia DNA functioned as an adjuvant in the triggering of peptide-induced inflammatory heart disease. Infection with C. trachomatis led to the production of autoantibodies to heart muscle-specific epitopes. Thus, Chlamydia-mediated heart disease is induced by antigenic mimicry of a heart muscle-specific protein.  (+info)

The in-vitro activity of HMR 3647, a new ketolide antimicrobial agent. (3/481)

The in-vitro activity of HMR 3647, a novel ketolide, was investigated in comparison with those of erythromycin A, roxithromycin, clarithromycin (14-membered ring macrolides), amoxycillin-clavulanate and ciprofloxacin against 719 recent clinical Gram-positive, Gram-negative and anaerobic isolates and type cultures. HMR 3647 generally demonstrated greater activity than the other compounds with MIC90s of < or =0.5 mg/L, except for Staphylococcus epidermidis (MIC90 > 128 mg/L), Haemophilus influenzae (MIC90 = 2 mg/L), Enterococcus faecalis (MIC90 = 2 mg/L), Enterococcus faecium (MIC90 = 1 mg/L) and the anaerobes, Bacteroides fragilis (MIC90 = 2 mg/L) and Clostridium difficile (MIC90 = 1 mg/L). In general, an increase in the size of the inoculum from 10(4) to 10(6) cfu on selected strains had little effect on the MICs of HMR 3647. Additionally, the in-vitro activity of HMR 3647 was not affected by the presence of either 20 or 70% (v/v) human serum. The antichlamydial activity of HMR 3647 was generally greater than that of commonly used antichlamydial antimicrobials.  (+info)

Chlamydia infection of epithelial cells expressing dynamin and Eps15 mutants: clathrin-independent entry into cells and dynamin-dependent productive growth. (4/481)

Chlamydiae enter epithelial cells via a mechanism that still remains to be fully elucidated. In this study we investigated the pathway of entry of C. psittaci GPIC and C. trachomatis LGV/L2 into HeLa cells and demonstrated that it does not depend on clathrin coated vesicle formation. We used mutant cell lines defective in clathrin-mediated endocytosis due to overexpression of dominant negative mutants of either dynamin I or Eps15 proteins. When clathrin-dependent endocytosis was inhibited by overexpression of the dynK44A mutant of dynamin I (defective in GTPase activity), Chlamydia entry was not affected. However, in these cells there was a dramatic inhibition in the proliferation of Chlamydia and the growth of the chlamydia vacuole (inclusion). When clathrin-dependent endocytosis was inhibited by overexpression of an Eps15 dominant negative mutant, the entry and growth of Chlamydia was unaltered. These results indicate that the effect on the growth of Chlamydia in the dynK44A cells was not simply due to a deprivation of nutrients taken up by endocytosis. Instead, the dominant-negative mutant of dynamin most likely affects the vesicular traffic between the Chlamydia inclusion and intracellular membrane compartments. In addition, cytochalasin D inhibited Chlamydia entry by more than 90%, indicating that chlamydiae enter epithelial cells by an actin-dependent mechanism resembling phagocytosis. Finally, dynamin is apparently not involved in the formation of phagocytic vesicles containing Chlamydia.  (+info)

Gamma interferon and interleukin-10 gene expression in synovial tissues from patients with early stages of Chlamydia-associated arthritis and undifferentiated oligoarthritis and from healthy volunteers. (5/481)

Genetically determined differences in interleukin-10 (IL-10) and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) responses in mice correlate with clearance of Chlamydia pneumonitis infection. We measured the synovial expression of IL-10 and IFN-gamma and additional cytokine genes in patients who had recent-onset Chlamydia-associated arthritis (Chl-AA). IL-10 and IFN-gamma mRNA were relatively abundant in recent-onset Chl-AA.  (+info)

Comparative in-vitro activity of moxifloxacin, minocycline and azithromycin against Chlamydia spp. (6/481)

The in-vitro activity of moxifloxacin, a new 8-methoxyquinolone, was compared with minocycline and azithromycin against 40 strains of Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia psittaci. Both the MIC and the MBC of moxifloxacin ranged from 0.03 to 0.125 mg/L. MICs of minocycline ranged from 0.015 to 0.06 mg/L and MBCs between 0.03 and 0.25 mg/L. MICs of azithromycin ranged from 0.03 to 0.125 mg/L and the MBCs between 0.06 and 0.5 mg/L. MBC values of moxifloxacin were the same as MICs in 32 (80%) of 40 strains tested, whereas those of minocycline and azithromycin were two to four times higher than their MICs. These data confirm those previously obtained indicating that quinolones kill chlamydial strains at concentrations equivalent to their MICs.  (+info)

Genomic relatedness of Chlamydia isolates determined by amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis. (7/481)

The genomic relatedness of 19 Chlamydia pneumoniae isolates (17 from respiratory origin and 2 from atherosclerotic origin), 21 Chlamydia trachomatis isolates (all serovars from the human biovar, an isolate from the mouse biovar, and a porcine isolate), 6 Chlamydia psittaci isolates (5 avian isolates and 1 feline isolate), and 1 Chlamydia pecorum isolate was studied by analyzing genomic amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprints. The AFLP procedure was adapted from a previously developed method for characterization of clinical C. trachomatis isolates. The fingerprints of all C. pneumoniae isolates were nearly identical, clustering together at a Dice similarity of 92.6% (+/- 1.6% standard deviation). The fingerprints of the C. trachomatis isolates of human, mouse, and swine origin were clearly distinct from each other. The fingerprints of the isolates from the human biovar could be divided into at least 12 different types when the presence or absence of specific bands was taken into account. The C. psittaci fingerprints could be divided into a parakeet, a pigeon, and a feline type. The fingerprint of C. pecorum was clearly distinct from all others. Cluster analysis of selected isolates from all species revealed groups other than those based on sequence data from single genes (in particular, omp1 and rRNA genes) but was in agreement with available DNA-DNA hybridization data. In conclusion, cluster analysis of AFLP fingerprints of representatives of all species provided suggestions for a grouping of chlamydiae based on the analysis of the whole genome. Furthermore, genomic AFLP analysis showed that the genome of C. pneumoniae is highly conserved and that no differences exist between isolates of respiratory and atherosclerotic origins.  (+info)

Epitheliocystis agents in sea bream Sparus aurata: morphological evidence for two distinct chlamydia-like developmental cycles. (8/481)

The morphology of membrane-bound intracellular inclusions, or 'cysts', of epitheliocystis from sea bream Sparus aurata is described. Inclusions under the light microscope appear either granular or amorphous. Granular inclusions do not elicit a proliferative host reaction and contain the 3 distinctive developmental stages of chlamydial organisms: the highly pleomorphic reproductive form or reticulate body, the condensing form or intermediate body and the infective non-dividing rather uniform elementary body. Amorphous inclusions may elicit a proliferative host reaction and contain prokaryotic organisms which differ morphologically from those reported within granular cysts. More or less elongated electron-lucent organisms divide by fission to give rise to electron-dense non-dividing small cells with a dense nucleoid. Vacuolated and non-vacuolated small cells are reported. The morphology and developmental cycle of sea bream epitheliocystis agents would support their chlamydial nature; however, the immunohistochemical study conducted on gill samples which carried both inclusions failed to demonstrate the expression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) chlamydial antigen. The different stages of the 2 distinct developmental cycles described in the present study are compared with electron microscope observations of epitheliocystis organisms reported from different host species. The hypothesis that epitheliocystis infection in the sea bream might be caused by a unique highly pleomorphic chlamydia-like agent, the life history of which includes 2 entirely different developmental cycles, is discussed.  (+info)

Background: Tests available for molecular diagnosis of chlamydial infections detect Chlamydiatrachomatis, but do not find other Chlamydia species associated with genital, ophthalmic, cardiovascular, respiratory or neurological diseases. The routine detection of all Chlamydia species would improve the prognosis of infected people and guide therapeutic choices.. Aim: To design and validate a sensitive, specific, reproducible, inexpensive and easy-to-perform assay to quantify most Chlamydia species.. Methods: Primers and probe were selected using the gene coding for the 16S rRNA. The detection limits were assessed for suspensions of Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pneumoniae. The performance of this test was compared with that of two commercial kits (Amplicor-Roche and Artus) on 100 samples obtained from children with trachoma.. Results: The detection capacities for Chlamydia trachomatis of the broad-range real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were similar or slightly ...
article{8506862, abstract = {The porcine pathogen Chlamydia suis is widespread in pig farming. Isolation of Chlamydia suis in cell culture is crucial for the generation and characterization of new isolates. However, isolation of Chlamydia suis strains from field samples is fastidious. Therefore, we exploited high-content microscopy to quantify the growth of Chlamydia suis strains in different cell lines. We found that the cell line yielding optimal propagation of Chlamydia suis differed among isolates, and we identified cell lines outperforming those routinely used for chlamydial isolation. We conclude that adaptation of the propagation procedure to the origin of the putative field isolate is highly recommended to improve the recovery rate.}, author = {De Puysseleyr, Leentje and De Puysseleyr, Kristien and Vanrompay, Daisy and De Vos, Winnok}, issn = {1059-910X}, journal = {MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE}, keyword = {Chlamydia,cell culture,high-content microscopy,isolation,swine,GNOTOBIOTIC ...
Chlamydia pecorum is a globally recognised pathogen of livestock and koalas. To date, comparative genomics of C. pecorum strains from sheep, cattle and koalas has revealed that only single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a limited number of pseudogenes appear to contribute to the genetic diversity of this pathogen. No chlamydial plasmid has been detected in these strains despite its ubiquitous presence in almost all other chlamydial species. Genomic analyses have not previously included C. pecorum from porcine hosts. We sequenced the genome of three C. pecorum isolates from pigs with differing pathologies in order to re-evaluate the genetic differences and to update the phylogenetic relationships between C. pecorum from each of the hosts. Whole genome sequences for the three porcine C. pecorum isolates (L1, L17 and L71) were acquired using C. pecorum-specific sequence capture probes with culture-independent methods, and assembled in CLC Genomics Workbench. The pairwise
FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) - Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia involving Chlamydia caviae after exposure to ill guinea pigs have been described, according to a research letter published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.. Bart P. Ramakers, M.D., Ph.D., from Bernhoven in the Netherlands, and colleagues described three unrelated cases of infection in otherwise healthy adults in their early 30s who had respiratory failure caused by severe community-acquired pneumonia after exposure to ill guinea pigs.. The researchers found that the three cases appeared over a period of about three years and occurred in individuals from different families, at different hospitals, and in different geographic areas. All three patients had chlamydia DNA detected in specimens obtained from the respiratory tract, serum, or both; the species was identified as C. caviae. There were no other causes of community-acquired pneumonia detected. All three of the patients recovered after ...
The ability to introduce targeted genetic modifications in microbial genomes has revolutionized our ability to study the role and mode of action of individual bacterial virulence factors. Although the fastidious lifestyle of obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens poses a technical challenge to such manipulations, the last decade has produced significant advances in our ability to conduct molecular genetic analysis in Chlamydia trachomatis, a major bacterial agent of infertility and blindness. Similar approaches have not been established for the closely related veterinary Chlamydia spp., which cause significant economic damage, as well as rare but potentially life-threatening infections in humans. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of conducting site-specific mutagenesis for disrupting virulence genes in C. caviae, an agent of guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis that was recently identified as a zoonotic agent in cases of severe community-acquired pneumonia. Using this approach, we generated ...
Species of Chlamydia are the etiologic agent of endemic blinding trachoma, the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases, significant respiratory pathogens, and a zoonotic threat. Their dependence on an intracellular growth niche and their peculiar developmental cycle are major challenges to elucidating their biology and virulence traits. The last decade has seen tremendous advances in our ability to perform a molecular genetic analysis of Chlamydia species. Major achievements include the generation of large collections of mutant strains, now available for forward- and reverse-genetic applications, and the introduction of a system for plasmid-based transformation enabling complementation of mutations; expression of foreign, modified, or reporter genes; and even targeted gene disruptions. This review summarizes the current status of the molecular genetic toolbox for Chlamydia species and highlights new insights into their biology and new challenges in the nascent field of Chlamydia ...
Chlamydia species are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect a broad range of mammalian hosts. Members of related genera are pathogens of a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species. Despite the diversity of Chlamydia, all species contain an outer membrane lipooligosaccharide (LOS) that is comprised of a genus-conserved, and genus-defining, trisaccharide 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid Kdo region. Recent studies with lipopolysaccharide inhibitors demonstrate that LOS is important for the C. trachomatis developmental cycle during RB- > EB differentiation. Here, we explore the effects of one of these inhibitors, LPC-011, on the developmental cycle of five chlamydial species. Sensitivity to the drug varied in some of the species and was conserved between others. We observed that inhibition of LOS biosynthesis in some chlamydial species induced formation of aberrant reticulate bodies, while in other species, no change was observed to the
The periplasmic High Temperature Requirement protein A (HtrA) plays important roles in bacterial protein folding and stress responses. However, the role of chlamydial HtrA (cHtrA) in chlamydial pathogenesis is not clear. The cHtrA was detected both inside and outside the chlamydial inclusions. The detection was specific since both polyclonal and monoclonal anti-cHtrA antibodies revealed similar intracellular labeling patterns that were only removed by absorption with cHtrA but not control fusion proteins. In a Western blot assay, the anti-cHtrA antibodies detected the endogenous cHtrA in Chlamydia-infected cells without cross-reacting with any other chlamydial or host cell antigens. Fractionation of the infected cells revealed cHtrA in the host cell cytosol fraction. The periplasmic cHtrA protein appeared to be actively secreted into host cell cytosol since no other chlamydial periplasmic proteins were detected in the host cell cytoplasm. Most chlamydial species secreted cHtrA into host cell cytosol and
Background and purpose: Chlamydia spp. are important pathogens of humans and animals that cause a wide range of acute and chronic infections. A persistence model has been developed in which Chlamydia spp. do not complete their developmental cycle, have significantly reduced infectivity for new host cells, and exhibit abnormal inclusion and reticulate body morphology. This study was performed to compare the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) induction and iron-limitation models of persistence for Chlamydia spp. to investigate the common and unique transcriptional pathways involved. Methods: A quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction approach was used to compare the IFN-γ induction and iron-limitation models of Chlamydia pneumoniae persistence at the transcriptional level by analyzing selected genes in each of 5 distinct, functionally relevant subcategories. Results: The models showed minimal evidence of a general transcriptional stress response in persistence, with only 1 of the 7 genes analyzed in the IFN
Chlamydia bacteria. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of Chlamydia sp. bacteria (small blue spheres) in a human cell (large blue sphere). The bacteria are in an inclusion body (yellow) within the cell. Some of the bacteria are reproducing by dividing into two new cells. Chlamydia are Gram-negative round (cocci) bacteria. Several species are pathogenic to humans including, C. trachomatis, which causes the sexually transmitted infection chlamydia, and C. pneumoniae, which causes a form of pneumonia. - Stock Image B220/1709
trachomatis Inc proteins. To know whether this result also applied to C. pneumo niae, selleck chem inhibitor we raised antibodies against 7 putative Inc proteins from C. pneumoniae as GST tagged fusion proteins. As a control we used antibodies against the C. pneumoniae Inc protein CPn0186. The anti fusion protein antibodies were used to localize the endogenous proteins in cells infected by C. pneumoniae for 96 hours. In contrast to the inclusion labeling observed with anti CPn0186 antibodies, none of the 7 sera stained the inclusion membrane. The detection of endogenous antigens was removed by pre absorption with corresponding GST fusion proteins but not heterologous Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries GST fusion proteins, demonstrating the specificity of the antibodies.. While they did not stain the inclusion membrane, the 7 sera labeled the bacteria, demonstrating that the corresponding proteins Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries are expressed at this stage of infection, and remain bac teria ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for P94664 (OMCB_CHLCV), Large cysteine-rich periplasmic protein OmcB. Chlamydophila caviae (strain ATCC VR-813 / DSM 19441 / GPIC)(Chlamydia caviae)
Enzyme immunoassay for the detection of IgG antibodies to Chlamydia sp. (LPS) in human serum or plasma. SmartEIA kit is specifically designed for automated analysis using the Agility instrument.
Enzyme immunoassay for the detection of IgA antibodies to Chlamydia sp. (LPS) in human serum or plasma. SmartEIA kit is specifically designed for automated analysis using the Agility instrument.
Diseases associated with Chlamydia pecorum infection are a major cause of decline in koala populations in Australia. While koalas in care can generally be treated, a vaccine is considered the only option to effectively reduce the threat of infection and disease at the population level. In the current study, we vaccinated 30 free-ranging koalas with a prototype Chlamydia pecorum vaccine consisting of a recombinant chlamydial MOMP adjuvanted with an immune stimulating complex. An additional cohort of 30 animals did not receive any vaccine and acted as comparison controls. Animals accepted into this study were either uninfected (Chlamydia PCR negative) at time of initial vaccination, or infected (C. pecorum positive) at either urogenital (UGT) and/or ocular sites (Oc), but with no clinical signs of chlamydial disease. All koalas were vaccinated / sampled and then re-released into their natural habitat before re-capturing and re-sampling at 6 and 12 months. All vaccinated koalas produced a strong immune
Background: Chlamydia pecorum is a globally significant livestock pathogen causing pathology and production losses. The on-farm infection and serological dynamics and the relevance of existing diagnostic tools for diagnosing C. pecorum in livestock remains poorly characterized. In this study, we characterized the antigen and antibody dynamics of this pathogen in a longitudinal study of prime lamb production, utilizing the infection focused C. pecorum-specific 16S rRNA qPCR assay and serology based chlamydial Complement fixation Test (CFT).Methods: The study consisted of 76 Border Leicester mixed sex lambs (39 females and 37 males) that were sampled bimonthly from 2-10 months of age in a commercial farm operating in Central NSW, Australia. Blood/plasma was analysed for CFT antibodies, and swabs from conjunctival, rectal and vaginal sites were analysed for C. pecorum shedding using qPCR. We assessed the temporal and overall dynamics of C. pecorum in lambs, including detailed description and ...
Expansion microscopy (ExM) is a novel tool to improve the resolution of fluorescence-based microscopy that has not yet been used to visualize intracellular pathogens. Here we show the expansion of the intracellular pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, enabling to differentiate its two distinct forms, catabolic active reticulate bodies (RB) and infectious elementary bodies (EB), on a conventional confocal microscope. We show that ExM enables the possibility to precisely locate chlamydial effector proteins, such as CPAF or Cdu1, within and outside of the chlamydial inclusion. Thus, we claim that ExM offers the possibility to address a broad range of questions and may be useful for further research on various intracellular pathogens.
Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia abortus are related ruminant pathogens endemic to different global regions. Potential co-infections combined with the lack of species-specific serological assays challenge accurate diagnosis. Serological screening revealed low C. abortus seropositivity with the peptide-based ELISA (1/84; 1.2%) in Australian sheep yet moderate seropositivity in a Swiss flock with history of C. abortus -associated abortions (17/63; 26.9%). By whole cell antigen complement fixation tests (CFT) and ELISA, chlamydial seropositivity was significantly higher in all groups, suggesting cross-reactivity between these two chlamydial species and non-specificity of the tests. However, only C. pecorum DNA could be detected by qPCR in Chlamydia seropositive Australian animals screened, suggesting chlamydial seropositivity was due to cross-reactivity with endemic C. pecorum infections. These results suggest ascribing Chlamydia seropositivity to chlamydial species in livestock using whole-cell ...
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium associated with trachoma and sexually transmitted diseases. During its intracellular developmental cycle, Chlamydia resides in a membrane bound compartment called the inclusion. A subset of Type III secreted effectors, the inclusion membrane proteins (Inc), are inserted into the inclusion membrane. Inc proteins are strategically positioned to promote inclusion interaction with host factors and organelles, a process required for bacterial replication, but little is known about Inc proteins function or host interacting partners. Moreover, it is unclear whether each Inc protein has a distinct function or if a subset of Inc proteins interacts with one another to perform their function. Here, we used IncD as a model to investigate Inc/Inc interaction in the context of Inc protein expression in C. trachomatis. We developed a co-infection model system to display different tagged Inc proteins on the surface of the same inclusion. We also designed
HealthDay Reporter. (HealthDay News) -- Been looking for a reason to turn down your childs pleas for a pet Guinea pig? Dutch researchers say the rodents may carry germs tied to serious pneumonia.. The bacteria, Chlamydia caviae (C. caviae), normally causes pink eye in guinea pigs.. But three adults in the Netherlands wound up hospitalized for pneumonia after contact with guinea pigs resulted in their infection with C. caviae.. Two of the three patients had to be put on a ventilator in intensive care units (ICUs), although all three survived following treatment with antibiotics, doctors reported.. C. caviae was not previously known as a bacteria that could infect humans, said the lead author of the report, Dr. Bart Ramakers. He is an intensive care doctor with Bernhoven Hospital in the Netherlands.. Doctors and veterinarians should be aware of the bacterium, especially now that we have demonstrated that it can be transmitted from guinea pigs to humans, Ramakers said. The bacterium also has ...
Chlamydial development is punctuated by changes in protein-protein interactions on elementary body (EB) and reticulate body (RB) surfaces. Reduction of disulfide cross-links in the chlamydial outer membrane complex (COMC) concomitant with attachment and entry of the EB is rapidly followed by transition to the fragile RB, which is specialized for acquisition of nutrients during chlamydial growth and differentiation. This chapter reviews knowledge about the progression starting with the structure of the EB envelope in the extracellular environment and the way in which this surface interacts with, and is altered during, the process of chlamydial attachment, entry, development, and exit from host cells. The presence of gram-negative double membranes was confirmed by early transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of RBs and EBs, but challenges in purification and fractionation of RB membranes shifted emphasis toward EB membranes in subsequent studies. Regularly spaced hexagonal lattices were observed
Chlamydia trachomatis (Ctr), an obligate intracellular gram negative human pathogen, causes sexually transmitted diseases and acquired blindness in developing countries. The infectious elementary bodies (EB) of Ctr involved in adherence and invasion processes are critical for chlamydial infectivity and subsequent pathogenesis which requires cooperative interaction of several host cell factors. Few receptors have been known for this early event, yet the molecular mechanism of these receptors involvement throughout Ctr infection is not known. Chlamydial inclusion membrane serves as a signaling platform that coordinates Chlamydia-host cell interaction which encouraged me to look for host cell factors that associates with the inclusion membrane, using proteome analysis. The role of these factors in chlamydial replication was analyzed by RNA interference (RNAi) (in collaboration with AG Thomas Meyer). Interestingly, EphrinA2 receptor (EphA2), a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor, implicated in ...
Chlamydiae is a bacterial phylum and class whose members are obligate intracellular pathogens. All known Chlamydiae only grow by infecting eukaryotic host cells. They are as small or smaller than many viruses. Most intracellular Chlamydiae are located in an inclusion body or vacuole. ...
The bacteria that induces blindness is transmitted along with chlamydia, explains Dr. Andrew J. Baxton at Eureka Springs Hospital.. Trachoma is an extremely painful tropical disease which causes the eyelid to turn inward, making the eyelashes scratch against the cornea and causing immense pain, followed by blindness.. A 2012 National Center for Health Statistics study suggests that the frequent practice of Golden showers by people over 65 years old and in LGBTQ communities was the number 2 cause of blindness in America.. ...
the end of the chlamydial developmental cycle. The longest incubation period in our setting was 46 hpi and as expected, we did not find an increased secretion
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Chlamydia infections in women - MedHelps Chlamydia infections in women Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Chlamydia infections in women. Find Chlamydia infections in women information, treatments for Chlamydia infections in women and Chlamydia infections in women symptoms.
Comparative morphological, histological, and biological studies suggest a close relationship between the meningopneumonitis virus of Francis and Magill and a virus recovered from thiamin-deficient pigeons. Both of these viruses are morphologically identical with typical psittacosis, and it seems probable that they are biologically modified strains of psittacosis. They both differ from typical psittacosis in that they are regularly more pathogenic for the pigeon after intracranial injection, and fail to produce hepatic necrosis after intraperitoneal injection in mice. A virus recently isolated from human cases of atypical pneumonia by Eaton, Beck, and Pearson may also be closely related to these two viruses.. A number of psittacosis viruses of pigeon origin showed a similarly increased pathogenicity for pigeons by the intracerebral route, as compared with psittacosis viruses of parrot origin. The viruses of parrot origin, however, commonly produced latent infection in pigeons even when clinical ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Chlamydial plasmid-encoded virulence factor Pgp3 neutralizes the antichlamydial activity of human cathelicidin LL-37. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular pathogen of immense public health impact and is responsible for diverse disease states leading to blindness, sterility, atherosclerosis etc. in humans. Its unique biphasic developmental cycle is essentially linked to its pathogenesis. MreB, an actin-like protein, is known to be present in most rod-shaped organisms as a part of the cell elongation machinery. The role of MreB in Chlamydia is unknown, even though this gene is conserved. Recent studies have attributed diverse roles to MreB in different organisms. Our study focuses on the possible role of MreB in Chlamydia trachomatis using different approaches and techniques. To understand the functional role of MreB, we sought two strategies, in vitro and in vivo analysis. Purified recombinant chlamydial MreB was subjected to a polymerization reactions using ATP in the presence and absence of a known inhibitor of MreB polymerization (A22) and measured using laser light scattering. We observed that ...
Global Chlamydia Infection Industry 2022 Market Research Report Purchase This Report by calling at +1-888-631-6977.. This report is a compressive analysis of every situation of Chlamydia Infection market. With precise investigation of the past situation, present market scenario and future anticipated progress has been offered in this report respectively. Exact data of the prime strategies, market share values and products of the key leading companies is stated apprehensively.. Download sample pages of this report: It provides accurate outline if Chlamydia Infection market depending on the key parameters such as applications, end users, products, regions and many other sub segmentations. Estimated growth by volume and revenue with respect to the global market for Chlamydia Infection over the future years has been mentioned in detail.. An additional deals into the major geographical segmentations of this particular ...
Vidal, Sara; Kegler, Kristel; Greub, Gilbert; Aeby, Sébastien; Borel, Nicole; Dagleish, Mark P; Posthaus, Horst; Perreten, Vincent; Rodriguez-Campos, Sabrina (2017). Neglected zoonotic agents in cattle abortion: tackling the difficult to grow bacteria. BMC Veterinary Research, 13(1):373.. Li, Min; Jelocnik, Martina; Yang, Feng; Gong, Jianseng; Kaltenboeck, Bernhard; Polkinghorne, Adam; Feng, Zhixin; Pannekoek, Yvonne; Borel, Nicole; Song, Chunlian; Jiang, Ping; Li, Jing; Zhang, Jilei; Wang, Yaoyao; Wang, Jiawei; Zhou, Xin; Wang, Chengming (2017). Asymptomatic infections with highly polymorphic Chlamydia suis are ubiquitous in pigs. BMC Veterinary Research:13:370.. Taylor-Brown, Alyce; Spang, Labolina; Borel, Nicole; Polkinghorne, Adam (2017). Culture-independent metagenomics supports discovery of uncultivable bacteria within the genus Chlamydia. Scientific Reports, 7(1):10661.. Leonard, Cory Ann; Schoborg, Robert V; Borel, Nicole (2017). Productive and penicillin-stressed chlamydia pecorum ...
Genitourinary chlamydia infection, Chlamydia trachomatis infection, Chlamydiasis, Genitourinary chlamydia infection, Genital chlamydia infection. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand.
TY - JOUR. T1 - HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis co-detection in young asymptomatic women from high incidence area for cervical cancer. AU - Bellaminutti, Serena. AU - Seraceni, Silva. AU - de Seta, Francesco. AU - Gheit, Tarik. AU - Tommasino, Massimo. AU - Comar, Manola. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Chlamydia trachomatis causing chronic inflammatory diseases has investigated as possible human papillomavirus (HPV) cofactor in cervical cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and HPV co-infection in different cohorts of asymptomatic women from a Northern Italy area at high incidence for cervical cancer. Cervical samples from 441 females were collected from Cervical Cancer Screening Program, Sexually Transmitted Infectious and Assisted Reproductive Technology centres. HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis were detected simultaneously and genotyped using a highly sensitive bead based assay. The overall prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis was estimated 9.7%, in ...
Chlamydia infections have an immense impact on public health and are associated with diverse disease manifestations including atherosclerosis, blindness, and sterility. The chlamydial developmental cycle is intrinsically linked with the ability of the organism to cause disease. The mechanisms that regulate the developmental cycle are poorly understood; however, transcription appears to play a governing role. An OmpR/PhoB subfamily response regulator termed ChxR exhibits expression patterns that indicate an important role during the developmental cycle. Previously, ChxR was demonstrated to interact with its own promoter and facilitate the transcriptional activation of the chxR gene. To begin to understand the functional role of ChxR, I identified the DNA sequence recognized by ChxR to identify its gene targets. Primarily using gel mobility shift assays, I determined that ChxR interacts with, and has differential affinity for six binding sites in the chxR promoter region. Using the DNA sequences ...
Data for competition of the seven β-lactam antibiotics with [3H]benzylpenicillin for the three PBPs are presented in Table 1. As the PBP assay is based on competitive binding, these data are expressed as 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s), i.e., the concentration of β-lactam required to inhibit subsequent binding of [3H]benzylpenicillin by 50% (2, 4, 5). The only quantitative PBP binding data previously reported for C. trachomatis RBs concern the binding of benzylpenicillin, where IC50s of 0.03 μg/ml (PBP1), 0.006 μg/ml (PBP2), and 0.003 μg/ml (PBP3) were reported (1). For benzylpenicillin we observed a similar range of IC50s, with no more than a sixfold difference in affinity between the individual PBPs.. Studies with other bacteria, particularly theEnterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, have indicated that the killing target or targets for a particular β-lactam are usually represented by those PBPs that are most readily saturated by the antibiotic (2, 4, 5, 23). On this basis, ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Immunobiology of monocytes and macrophages during Chlamydia trachomatis infection. AU - Nielsen, Mads Lausen. AU - Christiansen, Gunna. AU - Poulsen, Thomas Bouet Guldbæk. AU - Birkelund, Svend. PY - 2019/3/1. Y1 - 2019/3/1. N2 - Infections caused by the intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis are a global health burden affecting more than 100 million people annually causing damaging long-lasting infections. In this review, we will present and discuss important aspects of the interaction between C. trachomatis and monocytes/macrophages.. AB - Infections caused by the intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis are a global health burden affecting more than 100 million people annually causing damaging long-lasting infections. In this review, we will present and discuss important aspects of the interaction between C. trachomatis and monocytes/macrophages.. KW - Chlamydia trachomatis. KW - Macrophages. KW - Monocytes. UR - ...
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Chlamydia pneumoniae is a species of bacteria that causes chlamydia, which affects humans and is a main trigger of pneumonia. Chlamydia pneumoniae has an intricate life cycle and can only thrive if it infects another cell. In this case, it is considered an obligate intracellular pathogen. Moreover, it has been observed that c. pneumoniae is […] ...
Chlamydiae are medically important bacteria responsible for a wide range of human infections and diseases. Repeated episodes of infection promote chronic inflammation associated with detrimental immune system-mediated pathologic changes. However, the true nature of chlamydial pathogenesis may encompass repeated infection superimposed upon persistent infection, which would allow for heightened immune reactivity. During the course of chlamydial infection, numerous host elaborated factors with inhibitory or modifying effects may cause alterations in the chlamydia-host cell relationship such that the organism is maintained in a nonproductive stage of growth. Abnormal or persistent chlamydiae have been recognized under a variety of cell culture systems. The numerous factors associated with altered growth suggest an innate flexibility in the developmental cycle of chlamydiae. This review evaluates in vitro studies of chlamydial persistence and correlates these model systems to features of natural ...
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The late chlamydial inclusion membrane is not derived from the endocytic pathway and is relatively deficient in host proteins.: Chlamydiae are obligate intracel
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Chlamydia is an STD (sexually transmitted disease) caused by the bacterium called bacterial vaginosis. This is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD) like the others. It is caused by an infection in the vagina that is caused by a particular strain of bacteria. Chlamydia can be transmitted sexually, but it is very unlikely to do so. It is also easily detectable because it is seen with a form of physical examination-discharge or grayish or white fluid that is often seen in and around the vagina. can help you learn more about this subject.. Since there is no need for any physical examination to determine if you have chlamydia, it is wise to abstain from sex until you are absolutely sure that you are free of this disease. The only way to be certain that you are clear is to undergo a test called Chlamydia testing. Chlamydia testing will not only determine if you have the infection; it will also reveal if you have multiple sex partners or are sexually active at ...
Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria. You can get chlamydia from vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Chlamydia is common in the U.S. with over 1 million cases reported each year. Among all age groups, teens and young adults have the highest rates of infection.. Most females (and some males) who have chlamydia have no symptoms, and annual testing for chlamydia is recommended for all sexually active women age 25 and under.. ...
Chlamydia is the second most common sexually transmitted diseases after papillomavirus. It affects both men and women but is more serious consequence at the fair sex.. Chlamydia causes severe irreversible damage to reproductive organs in women. The infection is the cause of clogging and blockage of the fallopian tubes, causing serious consequences such as infertility and creating conditions for the emergence of dangerous conditions such as the ectopic pregnancy.. Chlamydia trachomatis is transmitted through all forms of sex - vaginal, oral, anal. In most cases, the infection is symptomless - seven out of 10 people do not complain of any signs weeks after infection. If you are experiencing any symptoms, they include unusual vaginal discharge, burning during urination, possible rectal pain, anal spread of microorganisms, discharges and even bleeding from the rectum.. There are several types of antibiotic treatment in chlamydial infection. In one is considered a single dose of medicament, other ...
Chlamydia trachomatis, the causative agent of blinding trachoma and many sexually transmitted diseases, exists in two developmental forms: an infectious element...
The team discovered that one of these new groups of Chlamydiae is closely related to Chlamydia that cause disease in humans and other animals. inding that Chlamydia have marine sediment relatives, has given new insights into how chlamydial pathogens evolved, some of these new groups of Chlamydiae are exceptionally abundant in these ocean sediments.. Unfortunately, the researchers have as of yet been unable to grow these Chlamydiae or take images of them. Even if these Chlamydiae are not associated with a host organism, we expect that they require compounds from other microbes living in the marine sediments.. Additionally, the environment they live in is extreme, without oxygen and under high pressure, this makes growing them a challenge, explains Thijs Ettema. Nevertheless, the discovery of Chlamydiae in this unexpected environment challenges the current understanding of the biology of this ancient group of bacteria, and hints that additional Chlamydiae are awaiting to be discovered. The ...
1 Answer - Posted in: eye conditions, infections, chlamydia infection - Answer: Yes it can cause something like pink eye. Amoxicillin will cure it.
Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection. Recently do you have UN-protected sex. Thinking you are affected with STD. Know Chlamydia.
Chlamydiae are pathogenic bacteria that probably evolved from host-independent, Gram-negative ancestors and are specialized for an intracellular existence. The chlamydial infectious elementary body binds to and enters the host cell by parasite-specified endocytosis, with a new generation of elementary bodies being released 30 to 48 h later....
In female patients have discovered two types of bacteria chlamydia, the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumonia. The bacteria is still classified into one disease chlamydia. In a pregnant woman, the bacteria that can threaten the health of the fetus baby in her womb. Transmission can cause serious problems such as paralysis of the eye that will be taken by a baby when it was born. ...
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is a common STI that can be spread during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby at birth. Teenagers and young adults are most commonly infected. Most people infected with chlamydia dont have symptoms and should therefore be screened for the infection regularly. Symptoms Men
What is it? Chlamydia is the most common STI in Australia and is caused by bacteria (Chlamydia trachomatis). Chlamydia can cause infections of the urethra (the tube that runs through your penis), the throat or the anus. How do you get it? You can get chlamydia in your penis (urethra)…
Chlamydia can be cured through treatments with antibiotics. With appropriate treatment, chlamydial infections can be cured 95% of the time. The complication, however, can occur in chlamydia infection as many cases do not develop symptoms and there
Chlamydia, Read about Chlamydia symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Chlamydia articles about how to live with Chlamydia, and more.
Can you still get pregnant after having chlamydia - I had chlamydia for 6 or 7 mnths now im trying to get pregnut and I just dont come out Ive been trying for 5 mnths? Chlamydia. I suggest that you have a hsg (x-ray test to evaluate the patency of the fallopian tubes). A risk of having chlamydia is tubal scaring, so tht sperm cannot reach the egg.
Mouse monoclonal antibody specific for lipopolysaccharide of Chlamydia species C.trachomatis, C.pneumoniae and C.psittaci. The antibody is suitable for use with clone 1645 (MAB12272) in ELISA assays.. Full product information ...
Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection (STI) in humans caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Types of foods to prevent and treat Chlamydia infection 1. Turmeric In the study to evaluate the Berberine of a plant alkaloid with a long history of medicinal use in both Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, presented abundantly in turmeric, found …. ...
What is chlamydia infection?Chlamydia is an STD infection which may not present symptoms, but the patients can still infect others through sexual contact. There are no common symptoms for Chlamydia...
After a proper diagnosis, the doctor might recommend oral antibiotics such as ofloxacin, azithromycin, doxycycline, and erythromycin. Antibiotics might be advised as one-time dosage or every day does not less than one week. The two doses are in much the same way useful. Then again, if the sufferer will drop daily intake of antibiotics, then it would be smart to go for the one-time dose program, which can be much more expensive when compared with the daily antibiotic plan. Greater than 95% of cases of Chlamydia infection is treated with the antibiotic system.
Gamma interferon induces persistent chlamydial infections in cell culture. These infections are characterized by altered morphologic and biochemical features of the pathogen. These persistent forms are abnormally large and noninfectious and undergo unusual structural and functional changes, including production of a paucity of outer envelope constituents and normal levels of the chlamydial hsp60, an immunopathological antigen. The current investigation evaluates the events that occur during reactivation of infectious Chlamydia trachomatis from persistently infected cell cultures. Transfer of persistent chlamydial organisms to gamma interferon-free medium resulted in recovery of infectivity accompanied by an increase in levels of structural membrane proteins and reorganization of aberrant organisms to morphologically typical elementary bodies. In addition, reactivation of infectious organisms from persistent chlamydiae that were maintained in culture for several weeks was demonstrated. These ...
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Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against Chlamydia trachomatis LPS. Chlamydia trachomatis elementary bodies, L2 serovar. (MAB6165) - Products - Abnova
Chlamydia is caused by living cells called trachomatis. Symptoms of chlamydia include fever & pain during sex. Garlic, and olive tree extract are useful in treating it.
A Chlamydia test kit is actually a valuable tool to help people find out whether they have contracted it. It can provide the info about whether or not their warning signs suggest Chlamydia or not. This product is accessible in stores and also online. It is suitable for people that are too uneasy or terrified to stop by the hospital and see a health practitioner.
RapidSTDTestKit Rapid Chlamydia Test - Urine [chl-u] - Chlamidia Home Testing Kit Sterile rapid test to detect the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis in males and females from urine sample Easy to use - 2 easy steps Unique wand design Visible result in 10 minutes Kit includes: 1x wand, full instructions leaflet and range leaflet Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STD in the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Older partners not associated with recurrence among female teenagers infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. AU - Kissinger, Patricia. AU - Clayton, John L.. AU - OBrien, Megan E.. AU - Kent, Charlotte. AU - Whittington, William L.H.. AU - Oh, M. Kim. AU - Fortenberry, Dennis. AU - Hillis, Susan E.. AU - Litchfield, Billy. AU - Bolan, Gail A.. AU - Handsfield, H. Hunter. AU - Farley, Thomas A.. AU - Berman, Stuart. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - Background: Chlamydia trachomatis-infected female teenagers with older partners may be less likely to discuss the infection with their partner(s) and to use condoms and therefore may be more likely to get reinfected. Goal: To determine if C trachomatis-infected female teenagers with older partners were more likely to be reinfected than those with same-aged partners. Study Design: Females aged 14 years to 18 years who had uncomplicated chlamydial infection, were nonpregnant, attended clinics in five United States cities from June 1995 to ...
Chlamydia trachomatis W4-W5, 1 mg. |p class=db_paraghraph|Chlamydia is a common term for infection with any bacterium belonging to the phylum Chlamydiae.
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You will find the whole information you need to know about chlamydia including the definition, cause, symptom, test and treatment in here!
By Bianca Nogrady for ABC Science Online. Posted September 15, 2008 18:06:00 A vaccine against the sexually transmitted infection chlamydia could wipe out the disease even if the vaccine is not perfect at protecting against infection, according to Australian researchers. According to a paper presented at the Australasian Sexual Health Conference in Perth, the researchers predict that a 100 per cent effective chlamydia vaccine could eradicate the infection within 15-20 years.. Using data on the prevalence of chlamydia, how it is spread, and the sexual behaviour patterns of a typical heterosexual community, Dr Richard Gray and colleagues were able to create a model that they then used to predict how different styles of vaccine might work.. They add that a less protective vaccine, which makes a person less infectious or shortens the duration of the disease, could still have a dramatic effect on infection rates.. The model also examined the effect of vaccinating just women, or both men and ...
Understanding Chlamydia - one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S. Find out what problems can chlamydia cause, the most common treatments for Chlamydia is single dose of azithromycin
Another name for Chlamydia Lung Infection is Chlamydia Pneumonia. Home care for chlamydia pneumonia includes: * Stop smoking * Avoid exposure to secondary ...
Chlamydia is the most common bacterial infection (STI) in the United States, with about 3 million new cases reported annually. Chlamydia (cla-mid-ee-ah) is so common in young women that, by age 30, 50% of sexually active women have evidence that they have had chlamydia at some time during their lives.
... , or more specifically a chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia ... Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during ... Chlamydia is known as the "silent epidemic", as at least 70% of genital C. trachomatis infections in women (and 50% in men) are ... Repeated chlamydia infections of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma, a common cause of blindness in the ...
Chlamydia is part of the order Chlamydiales, family Chlamydiaceae. In the early 1990s six species of Chlamydia were known. A ... Chlamydia is a genus of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria that are obligate intracellular parasites. Chlamydia infections are ... Data related to Chlamydia at Wikispecies (CS1 errors: generic name, Articles with short description, Short ... Chlamydia". This appears to have been accepted by the community, bringing the number of (valid) Chlamydia species up to 9. Many ...
... is a lethal intracellular bacterial species that may cause endemic avian chlamydiosis, epizootic outbreaks ... Birds are excellent, highly mobile vectors for the distribution of chlamydia infection, because they feed on, and have access ...
... is a species of Chlamydia, an obligate intracellular bacterium that infects humans and is a major cause of ... Chlamydia pneumoniae has also been found in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Chlamydia ... Chlamydia pneumoniae has a complex life cycle and must infect another cell to reproduce; thus, it is classified as an obligate ... Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia around the world; it is typically acquired by otherwise-healthy people and ...
... has been isolated from birds. Chlamydia abortus has a relatively small genome that contains 1.14 Mbp with 961 ... Chlamydia abortus is a species in Chlamydiota that causes abortion and fetal death in mammals, including humans. Chlamydia ... abortus and other more common species such as Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia abortus is endemic among ruminants such as cows ... In 2015, this new name was reverted to Chlamydia. There are approximately one or two cases of chlamydiosis diagnosis in ...
... is the systematic study of the organisms in the taxonomic group of bacteria Chlamydiota (formerly Chlamydiae ... Chlamydia infections in wildlife are part of the research into Chlamydia particularly koalas genomics and gene regulation ... "QUT - Chlamydia Research Program". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-07-25. "Breakthrough chlamydia ... "Chlamydia Research". Retrieved 2015-07-25. "Chlamydia promotes gene mutations". Max-Plank-Gesselshaft. June 20, 2013. Retrieved ...
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia may also refer to: ... Chlamydia (genus), a genus of pathogenic bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, causing human sexually transmitted disease and eye ... Chlamydia suis, infects pigs (Sus scrofa) Chlamydia psittaci, causes parrot fever Chlamydiia, class of bacteria including ... also known as Chlamydia pneumoniae, an airborne chlamydial species responsible for human respiratory infection and numerous ...
... is a bacterium that can be recovered from the conjunctiva of Guinea pigs suffering from ocular inflammation ... Type strain of Chlamydophila caviae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Gaede, Wolfgang; Reckling ... Apr 2003). "Genome sequence of Chlamydophila caviae (Chlamydia psittaci GPIC): examining the role of niche-specific genes in ... caviae and elicit a disease that is very similar to human Chlamydia trachomatis infection. C. caviae infects primarily the ...
Fukushi, H.; Hirai, K. (1992). "Proposal of Chlamydia Pecorum sp. nov. for Chlamydia Strains Derived from Ruminants". ... Fukushi, Hideto; Hirai, Katsuya (1992). "Proposal of Chlamydia Pecorum sp. nov. for Chlamydia Strains Derived from Ruminants". ... "Mixed infections with porcine Chlamydia trachomatis/pecorum and infections with ruminant Chlamydia psittaci serovar 1 ... Chlamydia pecorum, also known as Chlamydophila pecorum is a species of Chlamydiaceae that originated from ruminants, such as ...
... (formerly Chlamydophila felis and before that Chlamydia psittaci var. felis) is a Gram-negative, obligate ... Many of the genes are highly conserved within the Chlamydia genus. A specific plasmid is also highly conserved among Chlamydia ... Many metabolic processes and genes are highly conserved among Chlamydia. Due to C. felis's, and Chlamydia in general, small ... The genus Chlamydia contains the species C. trachomatis, C. psittaci, C. abortus, C. felis, C. muridarum, C. suis, C. caviae, C ...
... (/kləˈmɪdiə trəˈkoʊmətɪs/), commonly known as chlamydia, is a bacterium that causes chlamydia, which can ... "Chlamydia trachomatis". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 813. Type strain of Chlamydia trachomatis at BacDive - the ... Chlamydia cell culture is a test in which the suspected Chlamydia sample is grown in a vial of cells. The pathogen infects the ... Chlamydia species are readily identified and distinguished from other Chlamydia species using DNA-based tests. Tests for ...
Testing for chlamydia antibodies is not the mainstay diagnostic tool for chlamydia infection, which is preferentially diagnosed ... Chlamydia antibodies are antibodies targeting bacteria of the genus Chlamydia, but it generally refers specifically to ... antibodies targeting Chlamydia trachomatis, which is the cause of chlamydia infection in humans. ... "Chlamydia antibody testing and diagnosing tubal pathology in subfertile women: An individual patient data meta-analysis". Human ...
... is a member of the genus Chlamydia. C. suis has only been isolated from swine, in which it may be endemic. ... Chlamydia suis at (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with ' ... The deduced ompA gene products of various Chlamydia suis strains contain vs4 epitopes TLNPTIAG(A.K.T)G(D.K.N.T), TWNPTIAGAGS or ... Glycogen has been detected in Chlamydia suis inclusions in infected swine tissues and in cell culture. C. suis is associated ...
In contrast to chlamydia trachomatis, chlamydia muridarum lacks a tryptophan operon. Due to this, chlamydia muridarum responds ... Chlamydia muridarum is an intracellular bacterial species that at one time belonged to Chlamydia trachomatis. However, C. ... Chlamydia muridarum MoPn binds mAbs recognizing Chlamydia trachomatis MOMP vs4 core epitope (T) LNPT (IA). DNA sequence ... 2000). "Genome sequences of Chlamydia trachomatis MoPn and Chlamydia pneumoniae AR39". Nucleic Acids Res. 28 (6): 1397-406. doi ...
Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi) Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) Granuloma inguinale or ( ... Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. In women, symptoms may include ... However, chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics. The two most common forms of herpes are caused by infection with herpes ... "Chlamydia Infections: MedlinePlus". Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013. "The Basics ...
... chlamydia; cryptosporidiosis; E. coli infections; giardiasis; gonorrhea; hepatitis A; hepatitis B; hepatitis C; herpes simplex ...
"Chlamydia". Health and Human Services. 17 August 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public ... It is also effective for lowering the risk of syphilis, chlamydia and pubic lice. The lack of a more precise definition of ...
Others, like Chlamydiae, were named using a class name or genus name as the stem (e.g., Chlamydia). In 2021, the decision was ... Aquificae and Chlamydiae, the male plurals Chloroflexi, Bacilli and Deinococci and the greek plurals Spirochaetes, ... from Chlamydia) Chlorobiota (from Chlorobium) Chloroflexota (from Chloroflexus) Chrysiogenota (from Chrysiogenes) ...
"Chlamydia trachomatis". In: Red Book: 2015 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 30th, Kimberlin DW (Ed), Elk Grove ... Babies infected with chlamydia may develop pneumonitis (chest infection) at a later stage (range 2-19 weeks after delivery). ... Chlamydia trachomatis: 5 days after birth to 2 weeks (late onset - C. trachomatis has a longer incubation period) Untreated ... Infants with chlamydia pneumonitis should be treated with oral erythromycin for 10-14 days. Diagnosis is performed after taking ...
Chlamydophila pneumoniae, formerly known as Chlamydia pneumoniae, is a bacterium that belongs to the phylum Chlamydiae, order ... Thus, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and human rhinoviruses are microbes that play a major role in non-atopic ... Hahn, DL (2021). "Chlamydia pneumoniae and chronic asthma: Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of population ... Hertzen, L.V. (2002). "Role of persistent infection in the control and severity of asthma: focus on Chlamydia pneumoniae". ...
"Chlamydia Infections". Retrieved 2019-09-25. "Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and ... Some examples of STIs are listed below: Bacterial STIs Chlamydia Gonorrhoea Syphilis Viral STIs Herpes Human Papilloma Virus ( ... These can take the form of antibiotics for bacterial infections such as chlamydia or highly active anti-retroviral therapy ( ...
Extragenital gonorrhea and chlamydia are highest in men who have sex with men (MSM). Additionally, the USPSTF also recommends ... "CDC Fact Sheet - Chlamydia". Archived from the original on 16 December 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2008. "STD Trends in the ... Studies have found co-infection with chlamydia ranging from 46 to 54% in young people with gonorrhea. Among persons in the ... In the US, it is the second-most-common bacterial sexually transmitted infections; chlamydia remains first. According to the ...
Chlamydia, an STI that affects both men and women, can also be asymptomatic in most individuals. Although the infection may not ... "STD Facts - Chlamydia". Retrieved 2016-02-14. Ousmane M. Diop; Cara C. Burns; Roland W. Sutter; Steven G. Wassilak; ... Like chlamydia, PID can also be asymptomatic. A small number of asymptomatic carriers of polio (referred to as chronic ...
2019). "Characteristics of Chlamydiae by James W. Moulder". Microbiology of Chlamydia. pp. 3-20. ISBN 978-0429276521. (1st ... Byrne, G. I.; Moulder, J. W. (1978). "Parasite-specified phagocytosis of Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia trachomatis by L and ... Moulder, J. W. (1966). "The Relation of the Psittacosis Group (Chlamydiae) to Bacteria and Viruses". Annual Review of ... Moulder, J. W. (1993). "Why is Chlamydia sensitive to penicillin in the absence of peptidoglycan?". Infectious Agents and ...
Chlamydia. This was immediately seen as controversial. In 2015 the Chlamydophila species were reclassified as Chlamydia. The ... original genus Chlamydia, which now encompasses all 9 species including Chlamydia psittaci." As of 2013, Chlamydophila was ... Parte, A.C. "Chlamydia". LPSN. Bush RM, Everett KD (January 2001). "Molecular evolution of the Chlamydiaceae". International ... The merger of the genus Chlamydophila back into the genus Chlamydia is now generally accepted. According to the authors of the ...
Chlamydia pneumoniae Mild form of pneumonia with relatively mild symptoms. Chlamydia psittaci Causes psittacosis. Coxiella ... Mycoplasma is a type of bacteria without a cell wall and Chlamydias are intracellular bacteria). As the conditions caused by ...
Less commonly, Chlamydia spp. may be the cause. Bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis or Moraxella spp. can cause a ... People who wear contact lenses and those whose infection is caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia should be treated. Allergic cases ... have disease which is thought to be due to chlamydia or gonorrhea, have a fair bit of pain, or have copious discharge. ... Inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn is a conjunctivitis that may be caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, and may ...
Chlamydia, another phylum of obligate intracellular parasites, contains species that can cause pneumonia or urinary tract ... Belland RJ, Ouellette SP, Gieffers J, Byrne GI (February 2004). "Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerosis". Cellular ...
Belland R, Ouellette S, Gieffers J, Byrne G (2004). "Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerosis". Cell Microbiol. 6 (2): 117-27. ... Another causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever.[citation needed] Chlamydia are intracellular parasites. These pathogens can cause ...
Chlamydia species produce a small amount of detectable glycogen and have two ribosomal operons. Chlamydia trachomatis is the ... Three species belong to Chlamydia: C. trachomatis, C. muridarum, and C. suis. C. trachomatis has been found only in humans, C. ... 2012 Chlamydia Jones et al. 1945 "Chlamydiifrater" Vorimore et al. 2021 Chlamydophila Everett, Bush & Andersen 1999 "Ca. ... "Chlamydiae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2022-09-09. "The LTP". Retrieved ...
What is chlamydia? How common is chlamydia? How do people get chlamydia? And more... ... How is chlamydia spread?. You can get chlamydia by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia. Also, you ... What is chlamydia?. Chlamydia is a common STD that can cause infection among both men and women. It can cause permanent damage ... How does chlamydia affect my baby?. If you are pregnant and have chlamydia, you can give the infection to your baby during ...
Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most often spread through sexual contact. ... Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most often spread through sexual contact. ... Call your provider if you have symptoms of chlamydia.. Many people with chlamydia may not have symptoms. Therefore, sexually ... Even if you have no symptoms, you may need a chlamydia test if you:. *Are 24 years old or younger and sexually active (get ...
Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial ... encoded search term (Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections)) and Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections) What ... Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in miscarriage. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep. 17(9):1630-5. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. [Full Text]. ... Chlamydia trachomatis persistence in vitro: an overview. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15. 201 Suppl 2:S88-95. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
Chlamydia Chlamydia is the most commonly reported infectious disease in the United States and may be one of the most dangerous ... A Closer Look at Chlamydia Chlamydia is widespread among the sexually active population, regardless of race, ethnicity, age, or ... chlamydia-chlamydia positivity-in family planning clinics by state provides a good indication of where the disease remains most ... Chlamydia also can cause prematurity, eye disease, and pneumonia in infants. Moreover, women infected with chlamydia are three ...
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Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial ... encoded search term (Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections)) and Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections) What ... Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in miscarriage. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep. 17(9):1630-5. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. [Full Text]. ... Chlamydia trachomatis persistence in vitro: an overview. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15. 201 Suppl 2:S88-95. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
Male Chlamydia Screening Consultation - Review and guidance. (25 May 2007). *Male Chlamydia Screening Consultation - Review and ... Preventing Chlamydia - podcast commentary on how to incorporate chlamydia testing into a healthcare setting featuring Catherine ... Chlamydia trachomatis Genital Infection - Journal of Infectious Diseases Supplement, 15 June 2010 (May 21, 2010) ... Chlamydia Prevention: Challenges and Strategies for Reducing Disease Burden - CDC Grand Rounds (April 28, 2010) *CDC Grand ...
Chlamydia is a common term for infection with any bacterium that belongs to the phylum Chlamydiae. ... class and phylum Chlamydiae. There are two genera in Chlamydiaceae: Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. The genus Chlamydia includes ... Chlamydia is a common term for infection with any bacterium belonging to the phylum Chlamydiae. This term derives from the name ... By direct ELISA (against purified Chlamydia LPS), 1:2,000 dilution will yield 0.2 O.D using alkaline phosphatase conjugated ...
Chlamydia is an STD caused by bacteria. Its important to know the symptoms, as treatment can prevent the infection from ... What Causes Chlamydia?. A type of bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis, causes chlamydia.. How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed?. To find out ... Can Chlamydia Be Prevented?. The only way to prevent chlamydia and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). ... What Is Chlamydia?. Chlamydia (kluh-MID-ee-uh) is a common, curable sexually transmitted disease (STD). Treatment can stop the ...
Understand the symptoms of chlamydia from the experts at WebMD. ... Mayo Clinic: "Chlamydia.". AMA: "Chlamydia Screening: A Routine ... Call Your Doctor About Chlamydia If: What Are the Symptoms of Chlamydia?. Often chlamydia will present no symptoms. When ... Call Your Doctor About Chlamydia If:. You are a woman and you experience high fever and other flu-like symptoms, such as chills ... You develop any of the symptoms listed above; chlamydia requires urgent medical treatment to avoid serious complications that ...
1974)‎. Collaborative studies - WHO programme : meeting of directors of WHO reference centres for arboviruses, chlamydiae and ... Collaborative studies - WHO programme : meeting of directors of WHO reference centres for arboviruses, chlamydiae and ...
Chlamydia pneumoniae and asthma. Cook PJ, Davies P, Tunnicliffe W, Ayres JG, Honeybourne D, Wise R. Cook PJ, et al. Thorax. ... Chlamydia pneumoniae infections in asthma: clinical implications. Gencay M, Roth M. Gencay M, et al. Am J Respir Med. 2003;2(1 ... Role of Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections in the course of asthma]. Specjalski K. Specjalski K. ... Chlamydia pneumoniae, asthma, and COPD: what is the evidence? Hahn DL. Hahn DL. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1999 Oct;83(4):271- ...
Chlamydia is an STD that often has no symptoms, so lots of people can have it and not know it. Read this article to learn how ... What Causes Chlamydia?. A type of bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis, causes chlamydia.. How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed?. To find out ... Can Chlamydia Be Prevented?. The only way to prevent chlamydia and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If ... How Is Chlamydia Treated?. Health care providers treat chlamydia with antibiotics. It is important to get tested again 3 months ...
Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted infection that affects both males and females. In this article, learn about the ... Symptoms of chlamydia in males. Most people with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms. If a person does have symptoms, ... Chlamydia does not only damage female fertility, it damages male fertility as well. Chlamydia is the most common STD (sexually ... Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. Anyone can have chlamydia, but it may affect males and females ...
Milky white discharge is a sign of chlamydia. ... what does Chlamydia look like?. Chlamydia discharge will be ... What does chlamydia discharge look like?. Chlamydia discharge will be greenish, yellowish, or grayish (not white). ... Half of men with chlamydia have no symptoms. If you think you have chlamydia, see your health care provider right away for ... What color is the discharge if you have chlamydia?. Typically, if a person has symptoms, the vaginal discharge with chlamydia ...
Listen to Qui ma filé la Chlamydia? on Spotify. ...
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... chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, etc. at the Biddeford Health Center. Trusted health care for nearly 100 years by ... We can test for gonorrhea and chlamydia. If this test shows an infection, then we will provide you with treatment and explain ... For testing involving urine samples, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, do not urinate or engage in sexual intercourse for one ...
Chlamydia, the leading cause of sexually transmitted bacterial infections, evades detection and elimination inside human cells ... If you could find a mechanism to deactivate GarD, then you can turn human Chlamydia into mouse Chlamydia, Coers said. That ... We knew there was the potential to kill Chlamydia, but when we did experiments with the human-adapted form, Chlamydia ... Humans, dont get mouse Chlamydia because it evolved with mice and human Chlamydia evolved with humans, Coers said. So ...
But if left untreated, chlamydia can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant. Get the facts here. ... Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease, which can be easily cured. ... Chlamydia. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease, which can be easily cured. But if left untreated, chlamydia can ...
NI 113a - Prevalence of Chlamydia in under 25 year olds -Testing of Chlamydia in under 25 year olds ...
If you treat chlamydia, it wont cause problems. But untreated, it can spread and lead to problems like trouble getting ... Chlamydia (say kluh-MID-ee-uh) is a bacterial infection spread through sexual contact. It usually infects the urethra or the ... What is chlamydia?. Chlamydia (say "kluh-MID-ee-uh") is a bacterial infection spread through sexual contact. It usually infects ... How is chlamydia treated?. Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. Early treatment can cure the infection and help prevent long- ...
The one I suspect I got chlamydia from because he never got tested and he was the only one I did not use protection with since ... This isnt the first STI I got (I tested positive for HPV years ago) but its my first time getting chlamydia. I knew it was ... The guy I most likely contracted the chlamydia from who never uses condoms or gets tested got mad at me, yelled at me, and said ... First Time Getting Chlamydia. Questions and discussion about contraception, safer sex, STIs, sexual healthcare and other sexual ...
The objective of this study was to determine the association between vaginal Chlamydia infection and cervical intraepithelial ... Chlamydia trachomatis and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in married women in a Middle Eastern community ... Chlamydia trachomatis infection as a risk factor for invasive cervical cancer. International journal of cancer, 2000, 85:35-9. ... Serotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis and risk for development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Journal of the American ...
Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial ... encoded search term (Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections)) and Chlamydia (Chlamydial Genitourinary Infections) What ... Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in miscarriage. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep. 17(9):1630-5. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. [Full Text]. ... Chlamydia trachomatis persistence in vitro: an overview. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15. 201 Suppl 2:S88-95. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
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  • Diagnosis and management of uncomplicated Chlamydia trachomatis infections in adolescents and adults: summary of evidence reviewed for the 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines. (
  • Chlamydia is estimated to have declined from well over four million annual infections in the early 1980s to the current level of three million annual infections (Cates, 1999). (
  • The American College of Rheumatology report that chlamydia infections can also cause reactive arthritis . (
  • Chlamydia, the leading cause of sexually transmitted bacterial infections, evades detection and elimination inside human cells by use of a cloaking device. (
  • New Chlamydia infections occur in 200,000 Americans per year and are often asymptomatic for months or even years while being transmissible through sexual contact. (
  • L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la relation entre les infections vaginales à Chlamydia et la néoplasie cervicale intraépithéliale (CIN). (
  • With Chlamydia infections the highest of all STI's, it's more likely that you will come in contact with someone who is infected, especially since more than half of the people who have it are totally unaware that they are infected. (
  • Often chlamydia infections do not have symptoms. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis infections are the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections with potentially debilitating sequelae, such as infertility. (
  • Urogenital serotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis ( C. trachomatis ) are the most prevalent bacteria related to sexually transmitted infections ( Centers for Disease Control Prevention, 2014 ), frequently leading to chronic infections with debilitating sequelae such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility. (
  • Current public health guidelines recommend that only gay men and people with HIV should be routinely screened for extragenital gonorrhea and chlamydia, given the high burden of these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in this at-risk population. (
  • If the women examined in this study had only received genital STI tests - as is the standard recommendation - nearly 14 percent of chlamydia infections and more than 30 percent of gonorrhea infections would have been missed. (
  • Gonorrhea and chlamydia are treatable infections, but we can only treat the cases we know about," says Khalil Ghanem, MD, PhD, an assistant professor of medicine and corresponding author of this study. (
  • Gonorrhea and chlamydia are common bacterial infections that are generally not fatal but can cause serious short- and long-term health problems if left untreated. (
  • Although chlamydia infections are easily treated with antibiotics, in many cases-70% of women and 50% of men-there are often no symptoms to alert an individual to infection, and the infection can progress to cause serious health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. (
  • Our vaccine candidate will protect against all strains of Chlamydia trachomatis which cause genital tract and eye infections. (
  • The antidepressants have shown to be effective in killing intracellular bacteria in two chlamydia infections, as well as human granulocytic anaplasmosis, a tick-borne disease that attacks white blood cells. (
  • Latest figures show that there was a 7% increase in sexually transmitted infections between 2017 and 2018 in Ireland, with nearly 8,000 diagnosed cases of chlamydia. (
  • Sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain in women. (
  • Using chlamydia antibiotics can treat chlamydia infections. (
  • Chlamydia refers to genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis . (
  • Pregnant women may be checked for HIV, particular sexually sent infections, hepatitis B, chlamydia, and gonorrhea, in addition to for those with unique risk aspects and hepatitis C. (
  • Convenient at-home test to check for chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. (
  • Common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and mycoplasma genitalium can directly cause symptoms in your body, but these bacteria are also connected intimately with the vaginal microbiome and are affected by all of the other microbes living in your vagina. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) is an obligate intracellular human respiratory pathogen producing persisting lung infection with a plausible link to asthma pathogenesis. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae have been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and are responsible for chronic inflammation when host immune system fails to eradicate the bacteria. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae: defining the clinical spectrum of infection requires precise laboratory diagnosis. (
  • The Chlamydia pneumoniae bacteria can travel directly from olfactory nerve in the nose and into the brain, forcing brain cells to deposit amyloid beta and inducing Alzheimer's pathologies. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae, a bacterium that is commonly present in the nose, can invade the brain via nerves in the nasal cavity. (
  • They include the genera Chlamydia (of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis ) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci ). (
  • Emerging information about Chlamydia pneumoniae in disease & its treatment. (
  • Chlamydia often has no symptoms, but it can cause serious health problems, even without symptoms. (
  • If symptoms occur, they may not appear until several weeks after having sex with a partner who has chlamydia. (
  • Even when chlamydia has no symptoms, it can damage a woman's reproductive system. (
  • In men, chlamydia may cause symptoms similar to gonorrhea . (
  • If you have symptoms of a chlamydia infection, your health care provider will collect a sample for culture or a test called a nucleic acid amplification. (
  • Call your provider if you have symptoms of chlamydia. (
  • Many people with chlamydia may not have symptoms. (
  • Seventy-five percent of women and 50 percent of men with chlamydia have no symptoms. (
  • While men experience symptoms and seek treatment on their own more often than women, half of men with chlamydia are asymptomatic. (
  • What You Need to Know About Chlamydia - Video by Dr. Rachel Gorwitz, Medical Officer in the Division of STD Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shares information about how chlamydia is spread, symptoms and complications of the infection, screening recommendations, and treatment. (
  • Most people with chlamydia don't have symptoms, so they may spread the infection without realizing it. (
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Chlamydia? (
  • Chlamydia usually doesn't cause symptoms. (
  • Often chlamydia will present no symptoms. (
  • In this article, learn about the symptoms of chlamydia in males, as well as its transmission, treatments, and possible complications. (
  • Most people with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms. (
  • The CDC note that if a male experiences chlamydia symptoms, they will typically arise from one of two complications: urethritis or epididymitis. (
  • Chlamydia can also infect the throat, but most people will not experience this or other symptoms. (
  • Most people do not experience any symptoms of chlamydia. (
  • If an individual experiences chlamydia symptoms, it is essential to see a doctor for a diagnosis. (
  • Chlamydia can cause serious problems but may not cause symptoms. (
  • That's because as many as half of women who get chlamydia don't have any symptoms. (
  • Men should be tested as soon as they have symptoms or if their partners are diagnosed with chlamydia. (
  • Your doctor may also order other tests because chlamydia symptoms can be confused with symptoms of other STDs. (
  • This is because chlamydia symptoms can be confused with symptoms of other STIs. (
  • Chlamydiae are a diverse group of bacteria , rendered notorious by Chlamydia trachomatis , the sexually transmitted infection that causes a range of uncomfortable symptoms in humans. (
  • About 70% of the women and trans men with chlamydia have no symptoms. (
  • One of the major dangers of chlamydia is that it often fails to produce symptoms. (
  • Chlamydia often causes the same symptoms as urinary tract ('water') infection. (
  • About half of men and most women infected with chlamydia trachomatis do not observe any symptoms which leads to the disease being untreated and easily passed from partner to partner. (
  • Chlamydia is known as one of the 'silent' diseases which can produce no symptoms for a long period of time. (
  • Approximately 70-95 percent of women and 50 percent of men with chlamydia do not observe chlamydia symptoms at all. (
  • Chlamydia symptoms show up between 1 and 3 weeks after the contraction. (
  • in chlamydia only discharge occurs or more symptoms accompany it. (
  • Chlamydia usually causes no symptoms in women. (
  • Though most women with Chlamydia infection are asymptomatic or have minimal symptoms, some develop salpingitis, endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility. (
  • For those who do have them, vaginal symptoms of chlamydia may include unusual discharge associated with itchiness, as well as a burning sensation while urinating. (
  • Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) sometimes has no symptoms and often has similar symptoms to Chlamydia, so is often mistaken for it. (
  • Microscopy of the urethral smear to diagnose urethritis in this population does not help to identify which men with urethral symptoms require treatment for chlamydia. (
  • 4 However, a large number of cases are not reported because most people with chlamydia are asymptomatic and do not seek testing. (
  • Additionally, almost 500 million people were detected to have contracted STIs such as trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea. (
  • The STI Plan focuses on four STIs with the highest morbidity rates, the most persistent and pervasive STI inequalities according to national data, and the greatest impact on the health of the nation: chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HPV. (
  • Chlamydia is a common term for infection with any bacterium belonging to the phylum Chlamydiae. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis, or simply chlamydia, is an infection caused by pathogen bacterium that can afflict the cervix in women and the urethra and rectum in both men and women. (
  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a common bacterium that can cause serious complications if not treated. (
  • This image reveals a close view of a patient's left eye with the upper lid retracted in order to reveal the inflamed conjunctival membrane lining the inside of both the upper and lower lids, due to what was determined to be a case of inclusion conjunctivitis, a type of conjunctival inflammation caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. (
  • The bacterium Chlamydia psittaci, which is spread by birds, causes psittacosis (also known as ornithosis). (
  • Health care providers treat chlamydia with antibiotics. (
  • In the vast majority of cases, antibiotics can successfully treat chlamydia. (
  • If you treat chlamydia, it won't cause problems. (
  • All you will need is your current prescription bottle does zithromax treat chlamydia . (
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  • Dr Peter Greenhouse, sexual health consultant from Bristol, warned: "MG is rapidly becoming the new 'superbug': it's already increasingly resistant to most of the antibiotics we use to treat Chlamydia and changes its pattern of resistance during treatment so it's like trying to hit a moving target. (
  • However, because of budget constraints, the clinics did not test these men for genital chlamydia, so detailed comparisons could not be made. (
  • Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the commonest bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: An update. (
  • We also obtained laboratory-confirmed genital chlamydia notifications in NSW residents for 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2010 and excluded notifications from public laboratories. (
  • In infants with suspected chlamydial pneumonia, perform a nasopharyngeal swab for Chlamydia culture. (
  • This term derives from the name of the bacterial genusChlamydiain the family Chlamydiaceae, order Chlamydiales, class and phylum Chlamydiae. (
  • Chlamydia (say "kluh-MID-ee-uh") is a bacterial infection spread through sexual contact. (
  • Chlamydia is a bacterial infection, that is curable with antibiotics. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases, occurring in 3-14% of women attending family planning clinics. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular human pathogen, is one of four bacterial species in the genus Chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of curable bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. (
  • Chlamydia is an infection with Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria, and it is the most frequently reported bacterial infection in the United States. (
  • Like chlamydia, gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that often affects the cervix, and without treatment, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. (
  • Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. (
  • Chlamydia is a bacterial species that can cause many different types of this disease. (
  • Typical antibiotics for chlamydia include azithromycin and doxycycline . (
  • Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. (
  • Chlamydia can be effectively treated with antibiotics. (
  • Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics prescribed by your provider. (
  • Chlamydia can be cured easily with simple antibiotics otherwise serious complications can occur in the reproductive system such as PID and even infertility. (
  • BASHH spokesperson Paddy Horner, who developed the guidelines, said: "MG is treated with antibiotics, but as until recently there has been no commercially available test, it has often been misdiagnosed as Chlamydia and treated as such. (
  • You can get chlamydia by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia. (
  • Sexually active people can get chlamydia through vaginal, anal, or oral sex without a condom with a partner who has chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia spreads through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal) with someone who has the infection. (
  • The only way to prevent chlamydia and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). (
  • The objective of this study was to determine the association between vaginal Chlamydia infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). (
  • Chlamydia is passed to sexual partners during unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral intercourse. (
  • In the new study, " Immunization with chlamydial type III secretion antigens reduces vaginal shedding and prevents fallopian tube pathology following live C. muridarum challenge " published in Vaccine, researchers at the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research at McMaster University in Canada identified a novel antigen-BD584-which may be effective against the most common form of chlamydia- Chlamydia trachomatis . (
  • To compare urine and vaginal flush samples collected by women at home with endocervical and urethral swabs obtained by general practitioners for their efficacy in the diagnosis of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis infection. (
  • PCR results for Chlamydia trachomatis were negative from vaginal swab specimens, and results of an amniocentesis were negative. (
  • Receiving penetrative vaginal sex from a partner with a chlamydia infection of the urethra (penis) can result in getting a chlamydia infection of the vagina. (
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  • Chlamydia psittaci is a recognised cause of late-term equine foetal loss and poses a zoonotic risk in Australia. (
  • Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, a highly prevalent sexually transmitted agent worldwide, is mostly asymptomatic (70%-80%) and often remains undetected. (
  • Although genitourinary carriage of chlamydiae is often asymptomatic, certain manifestations of disease are commonly seen, including local mucosal inflammation associated with a discharge, urethritis in males, and urethritis/vaginitis/cervicitis in females. (
  • Asymptomatic nature of chlamydia makes it difficult to estimate how long a person remains infectious and this period is commonly believed to last until full recovery. (
  • While chlamydia is often asymptomatic, it can result in pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and an increased danger of contracting other STIs. (
  • Am I at risk for chlamydia? (
  • A pregnant person with chlamydia can give the infection to their baby during childbirth. (
  • It is vital for a person with chlamydia to inform any sexual partners, as they may also need testing and treatment. (
  • The sooner a person with chlamydia is treated, the better their health outcomes. (
  • Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. (
  • Chlamydia has been isolated in approximately 40-60% of males presenting with nongonococcal urethritis. (
  • In men, chlamydia can cause urethritis, a swelling of the urethra and possibly blood in the urine. (
  • In men, chlamydia can cause urethritis. (
  • In men and trans women, chlamydia may cause urethritis, which is an inflammation of the urethra referred to as NGU or NSU. (
  • To diagnose chlamydia, a doctor takes a swab and sends it to a lab for testing. (
  • For a complete guide on preventing chlamydia, visit our article on How to Prevent Chlamydia . (
  • It is better to prevent Chlamydia infection by having safe sex with the use of condoms and eating healthy foods that fight this infection. (
  • Laboratory tests can diagnose chlamydia. (
  • Several types of tests can diagnose chlamydia. (
  • More than 200 STIs, consisting of typical ones like chlamydia and herpes, can have no signs or really nonspecific signs. (
  • Recommendations for laboratory-based detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea -- 2014. (
  • The Aptima Combo 2 Assay is a qualitative nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC). (
  • For testing involving urine samples, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, do not urinate or engage in sexual intercourse for one hour before testing. (
  • Negative test results mean that no chlamydia cells were found in your urine. (
  • It can take at least three weeks for chlamydia to show up in a urine test. (
  • Chlamydia can be spotted through a urine test to screen for the presence of the germs. (
  • Sexually active young people are at a higher risk of getting chlamydia. (
  • Variants in toll-like receptor 1 and 4 genes are associated with Chlamydia trachomatis among women with pelvic inflammatory disease. (
  • Men and women can also get chlamydia in their rectum. (
  • Chlamydia can also affect the rectum. (
  • However, a new Johns Hopkins Medicine study that looked at over 10,000 people who attended an STI clinic in Baltimore has found that the occurrence of gonorrhea or chlamydia in extragenital areas like the throat or rectum is also significant in women, particularly younger women. (
  • Infection in the rectum results in bleeding, chlamydia discharge and pain. (
  • Receiving oral sex on the vagina from a partner with a chlamydia infection of the throat can result in getting a chlamydia infection of the rectum and vagina. (
  • When infected bodily fluids come into contact with the hand, this can then transmit the chlamydia to mucous membranes the hand comes into contact with (i.e. genitals, mouth/throat, eyes, rectum). (
  • Fingering of the rectum may transmit chlamydia if the recipient has a chlamydia infection of the rectum. (
  • Chlamydia (kluh-MID-ee-uh) is a common, curable sexually transmitted disease (STD). (
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  • The genus Chlamydia includes three species: C. trachomatis, C. muridarum, and C. suis. (
  • RNA sequencing of the Chlamydia muridarum infected BALB/c lung transcriptome revealed that several genes with direct antichlamydial functions were induced at the tissue level, including the already described and novel members of the murine interferon-inducible GTPase family, the CXCL chemokines CXCL9, CXCL11 , immunoresponsive gene 1, nitric oxide synthase-2 ( iNOS ), and lipocalin-2. (
  • Detection of the tryptophan degradation product kynurenine and the impact of IDO inhibition on Chlamydia muridarum growth proved that the IDO1-2 proteins were functionally active. (
  • IDO1-2 activity also increased in Chlamydia muridarum infected C57BL/6 lung tissues, indicating that this phenomenon is not mouse strain specific. (
  • In humans, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia suis, and Chlamydia muridarum are the most common strains, but the first strain on this list is known for causing genital and eye diseases. (
  • Giving oral sex to a partner with a chlamydia infection in the vagina or urinary tract can result in a chlamydia infection of your throat/mouth. (
  • Having penis-to-vagina penetrative sex with a partner who has a chlamydia infection of the vagina or urinary tract can result in getting chlamydia of the penis. (
  • Fingering the vagina may transmit chlamydia if the recipient has a chlamydia infection of the vagina. (
  • The total prevalence of extragenital gonorrhea or chlamydia among the more than 4,000 women screened was 2.4 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively. (
  • NHANES offers an opportunity to assess the prevalence of chlamydia in the general population and to monitor trends in prevalence as prevention programs are established and expanded. (
  • Notification data provide no evidence for a general increase in the prevalence of chlamydia in the NSW community for this period. (
  • Cytokine polymorphisms and severity of tubal damage in women with Chlamydia-associated infertility. (
  • Researchers say the drop in hydrosalpinx rates from 80% to 10% in mice models suggests that the antigen may be effective in reducing infertility in those infected with chlamydia. (
  • Routine Chlamydia screening of sexually active young women is recommended to prevent consequences of untreated chlamydial infection (eg, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility , ectopic pregnancy , and chronic pelvic pain). (
  • People who are sexually active can get chlamydia, a common, treatable, sexually transmitted disease (STD) . (
  • Chlamydia screening among sexually active young female enrollees of health plans--United States, 2000-2007. (
  • Female teens and young adults (between the ages of 15-25) who are sexually active are at the highest risk of becoming infected with Chlamydia. (
  • The CDC recommends that sexually active women 25 and younger be screened once a year for chlamydia. (
  • You may have this test if you are a sexually active woman 25 or younger or a man whose partner has been diagnosed with chlamydia. (
  • At present, fewer than 50% of sexually active young females in the United States are screened for the presence of chlamydiae. (
  • The USPSTF recommends screening for chlamydia in sexually active females aged 24 years or younger and in older women who are at increased risk for infection. (
  • 3 It is estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 years has chlamydia. (
  • Females who are sexually active need to receive an annual chlamydia and gonorrhea test. (
  • The US Centers for Disease Control recommends that young women be tested for Chlamydia annually. (
  • Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in North America, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) . (
  • There are two genera in Chlamydiaceae: Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. (
  • Can chlamydia cause Milky white discharge? (
  • Milky white discharge is a sign of chlamydia. (
  • Eyes infected with chlamydia can be itchy, swelled, cause painful sensations or produce discharge similar to conjunctivitis. (
  • Reaching these men with treatment is critical to stem the spread of chlamydia and its severe consequences. (
  • Chlamydia is believed to be declining overall in the United States, primarily because of increased efforts to screen and treat women for chlamydia. (
  • Forty percent of chlamydia cases are reported among young people, 15 to 19 years old. (
  • Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. (
  • Screening for Chlamydia and gonorrhea: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. (
  • 2001 May (revised 2012 Feb). Available at . (
  • The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea in men. (
  • We can test for gonorrhea and chlamydia. (
  • The study also found that heterosexual men had extragenital rates of 2.6 percent and 1.6 percent for gonorrhea and chlamydia, respectively. (
  • Up to 40 percent of women with untreated chlamydia will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and one in five women with pid becomes infertile. (
  • you may have developed pelvic inflammatory disease , a serious complication of chlamydia that can result in sterility. (
  • According to the Arizona Department of Health Services, the number of chlamydia cases in Arizona increased by 7% from 2015 to 2016 . (
  • As of 2016, 690 out of every 100,000 women were infected with chlamydia while only 331 out of every 100,000 men were infected with the disease. (
  • In 2015 and 2016, Dr. Clifton spearheaded efforts to obtain funding for screening of Chlamydia ad Gonorrhea in the Juvenile Justice Services (JJS) setting. (
  • Between 2016 and 2020, Chlamydia cases decreased 1% to 1.6 million. (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis (ligase chain reaction), Mycoplasma genitalium (polymerase chain reaction, PCR), Ureaplasma urealyticum (culture and PCR), and Streptococcus spp, Gardnerella vaginalis , and Haemophilus species (culture). (
  • Chlamydia trachomatis accounts for 30-40% 1, 2 and Mycoplasma genitalium is now known to cause a smaller proportion, 2, 3 while other established causes are uncommon. (
  • What they found came as a shock: Multiple strains of Chlamydiae, some of them previously unknown to researchers. (
  • An important question regarding murine models is the in vivo identification of murine host genes responsible for the elimination of the murine and human Chlamydia strains. (
  • Efforts to produce and effective vaccine against chlamydia have been unsuccessful, and any vaccine would have to provide protection against several distinctly different strains. (
  • In 2004, the Variant, Sweden proportion of positive chlamydia tests was similar whether laboratories used Abbott/Roche or BD test systems. (
  • From 1997 to 1999, chlamydia test positivity in family planning clinics actually increased in eight out of 10 regions. (
  • Why Get a Chlamydia Test? (
  • A screening test for Chlamydia is recommended yearly and is especially important for women under 25 years of age and women over 25 who have new or multiple sexual partners. (
  • This test looks for Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria in a sample of cells collected by your doctor. (
  • A Canadian team is moving forward in advanced animal trials to test what could be the first successful vaccine against chlamydia. (
  • Ive been prescribed nitrofurantoin for a water infection and am also having a std test (chlamydia) on monday. (
  • Nitrofurantoin will not interfere with your chlamydia (or gonorrhea ) test. (
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  • HIV, prostate cancer and Chlamydia) only one file (a Chlamydia self-test) was received. (
  • What is a Chlamydia Test? (
  • A chlamydia test looks for chlamydia bacteria in a sample of fluid from your body. (
  • How can I reduce my risk of getting chlamydia? (
  • That's why it's a good idea to get tested once a year if you are at higher risk for getting chlamydia. (
  • This isn't the first STI I got (I tested positive for HPV years ago) but it's my first time getting chlamydia. (
  • Are You at Risk for Getting Chlamydia? (
  • n, number of positive chlamydia cases analyzed. (
  • Respondents were willing to inform their current partners about positive chlamydia diagnoses, but were more ambivalent about informing their previous partners. (
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  • Chlamydiae have a unique biphasic life cycle that is adaptable to both intracellular and extracellular environments. (
  • Chlamydia has biphasic life cycle. (
  • Chlamydia is typically spread through sexual contact, so using barrier protection, such as latex condoms, is an effective way to prevent infection. (
  • The one I suspect I got chlamydia from because he never got tested and he was the only one I did not use protection with since "he didn't like condoms" got mad at me cause he said I must have given it to him, even though he's most likely the one who gave it to me. (
  • 2. True or False: Condoms are a HIGHLY effective way to prevent the transmission of Chlamydia. (
  • C. trachomatis bacteria cause chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S. (
  • C. trachomatis bacteria cause chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that propagate prominently in the epithelial cells of the respiratory and urogenital tract. (
  • and what factors would influence young women's partner notification preferences for chlamydia (who they would notify in the event of a positive diagnosis of chlamydia, how they would want to do this). (
  • chlamydia requires urgent medical treatment to avoid serious complications that can lead to sterility, especially in women. (
  • With treatment, people rarely experience complications from a chlamydia infection. (
  • Early detection and treatment of chlamydia are essential to avoid these complications. (
  • Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular organisms from bacteria that now comprise 3 species. (
  • Chlamydia species are gram-negative and produce glycogen. (
  • The type species is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS . (
  • Yes, the right treatment can cure chlamydia . (
  • When can I have sex again after my chlamydia treatment? (
  • The most common treatment for chlamydia is an antibiotic. (
  • Reducing the level of chlamydia will require continued expansion of screening and treatment among women and new efforts to reach men. (
  • Even if a person has received treatment for chlamydia, it is still possible for them to contract the infection again. (
  • Chlamydia treatment is the same for males and females. (
  • If an individual learns that they have chlamydia, it is crucial to inform recent sexual partners, so that they can also receive testing and treatment. (
  • Farmacias CEFAFA® le vende al público en general, no solo a miembros de la Fuerza levaquin treatment chlamydia . (
  • You can request a prescription refill online or by calling the Pharmacy levaquin treatment chlamydia . (
  • Free bonus pills, Worldwide Shipping, levaquin treatment chlamydia . (
  • Cialis is indicated for the treatment of erectile dysfunction doxycycline or zithromax for chlamydia. (
  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if left without treatment. (
  • Chlamydia is a common STD that can cause infection among both men and women. (
  • Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. (
  • Mouse and human adapted Chlamydia have a common ancestor,' Coers said. (
  • Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease, which can be easily cured. (
  • Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted infection that is caused by bacteria. (
  • Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the U.S. (
  • oral sex, although a less common cause of infection as bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis targets the genital area rather than the throat. (
  • Chlamydia is most common among young people. (
  • Every year 2.8 million cases of Chlamydia is treated in the US that is one of the common sexually transmitted diseases around the world. (
  • Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (
  • In 2019, reported chlamydia rates for African Americans/Blacks were nearly six times that of Whites. (
  • In 1999, nearly 10 percent (9.9 percent) of 17- to 37-year-old women screened for STDs during their induction into the Army tested positive for chlamydia ( DSTDP, CDC, 2000). (
  • In 1999, 7.2 percent of 15- to 24-year-old females screened in selected prenatal clinics in 22 states were positive for chlamydia ( DSTDP, CDC , 2000). (
  • We examined the effect of adjusting for local testing rates on chlamydia notification trends in New South Wales (NSW), Australia from 2000 to 2010. (