Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Cricetulus: A genus of the family Muridae consisting of eleven species. C. migratorius, the grey or Armenian hamster, and C. griseus, the Chinese hamster, are the two species used in biomedical research.CHO Cells: CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.SingaporePolymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.TaiwanMutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Genetic Association Studies: The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Qi: The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Western World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Yin-Yang: In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Confucianism: A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Herbal Medicine: The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.Emetine: The principal alkaloid of ipecac, from the ground roots of Uragoga (or Cephaelis) ipecacuanha or U. acuminata, of the Rubiaceae. It is used as an amebicide in many different preparations and may cause serious cardiac, hepatic, or renal damage and violent diarrhea and vomiting. Emetine inhibits protein synthesis in EUKARYOTIC CELLS but not PROKARYOTIC CELLS.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase: An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction 7,8-dihyrofolate and NADPH to yield 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate and NADPH+, producing reduced folate for amino acid metabolism, purine ring synthesis, and the formation of deoxythymidine monophosphate. Methotrexate and other folic acid antagonists used as chemotherapeutic drugs act by inhibiting this enzyme. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Atractylodes: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain hinesol and atractylon. Atractylodes rhizome is Byaku-jutsu. A. lancea rhizome is So-jutsu.Cunninghamia: A plant genus of the family TAXODIACEAE. Members contain DITERPENES.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.PhenanthrenesBody Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Yin Deficiency: In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, an insufficiency of body fluid (called yinxu), manifesting often as irritability, thirst, constipation, etc. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979).Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Hybrid Cells: Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Astragalus Plant: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE, subfamily Papilionaceae, order Fabales, subclass Rosidae. Many of the species are associated with poisoning of grazing animals. Some of the species are used medicinally.Acupuncture: The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.ReadingPlant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mutation, Missense: A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)Acculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Salvia miltiorrhiza: A plant species which is known as an Oriental traditional medicinal plant.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Myrica: A plant genus of the family MYRICACEAE. Members contain myricanol. The common name of bayberry is similar to the name barberry which is used for BERBERIS and MAHONIA.Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate and hypoxanthine, guanine, or 6-mercaptopurine to the corresponding 5'-mononucleotides and pyrophosphate. The enzyme is important in purine biosynthesis as well as central nervous system functions. Complete lack of enzyme activity is associated with the LESCH-NYHAN SYNDROME, while partial deficiency results in overproduction of uric acid. EC Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase: An enzyme catalyzing the formation of AMP from adenine and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. It can act as a salvage enzyme for recycling of adenine into nucleic acids. EC The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Epimedium: A plant genus of the family BERBERIDACEAE which is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL. Members contain flavonol glycosides including epimedins, icariin and noricariin.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Visible Human Projects: Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.Glaucoma, Angle-Closure: A form of glaucoma in which the intraocular pressure increases because the angle of the anterior chamber is blocked and the aqueous humor cannot drain from the anterior chamber.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.Translating: Conversion from one language to another language.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Glycosylation: The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Nystagmus, Congenital: Nystagmus present at birth or caused by lesions sustained in utero or at the time of birth. It is usually pendular, and is associated with ALBINISM and conditions characterized by early loss of central vision. Inheritance patterns may be X-linked, autosomal dominant, or recessive. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p275)Genes, Dominant: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Animals, Inbred Strains: Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Yang Deficiency: In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, a lack of vital energy (called yangxu in Chinese). It manifests itself in various systemic and organic diseases. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979)Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Diterpenes: Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Point Mutation: A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Cataract: Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Buddhism: The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)GlucosidesChi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Myopia: A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Aristolochic Acids: Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).Ethyl Methanesulfonate: An antineoplastic agent with alkylating properties. It also acts as a mutagen by damaging DNA and is used experimentally for that effect.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Lonicera: A plant genus of the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glucosides.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational: Variation in a population's DNA sequence that is detected by determining alterations in the conformation of denatured DNA fragments. Denatured DNA fragments are allowed to renature under conditions that prevent the formation of double-stranded DNA and allow secondary structure to form in single stranded fragments. These fragments are then run through polyacrylamide gels to detect variations in the secondary structure that is manifested as an alteration in migration through the gels.Gene Amplification: A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.Soy Foods: Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.Sister Chromatid Exchange: An exchange of segments between the sister chromatids of a chromosome, either between the sister chromatids of a meiotic tetrad or between the sister chromatids of a duplicated somatic chromosome. Its frequency is increased by ultraviolet and ionizing radiation and other mutagenic agents and is particularly high in BLOOM SYNDROME.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.Stomach Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.Rheum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE. Members contain chrysophanic acid, rhein, EMODIN, and other ANTHRAQUINONES. The roots were formerly used as PURGATIVES.Ligusticum: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Alkaloids: Organic nitrogenous bases. Many alkaloids of medical importance occur in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and some have been synthesized. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.IndiaGenes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Optic Atrophy, Hereditary, Leber: A maternally linked genetic disorder that presents in mid-life as acute or subacute central vision loss leading to central scotoma and blindness. The disease has been associated with missense mutations in the mtDNA, in genes for Complex I, III, and IV polypeptides, that can act autonomously or in association with each other to cause the disease. (from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim/, MIM#535000 (April 17, 2001))Mutagenicity Tests: Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.PhilippinesMembrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Chromates: Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.Medicine, Kampo: System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Demecolcine: An alkaloid isolated from Colchicum autumnale L. and used as an antineoplastic.Aniridia: A congenital abnormality in which there is only a rudimentary iris. This is due to the failure of the optic cup to grow. Aniridia also occurs in a hereditary form, usually autosomal dominant.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Azaguanine: One of the early purine analogs showing antineoplastic activity. It functions as an antimetabolite and is easily incorporated into ribonucleic acids.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Brassica rapa: A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.Rhizome: Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Amsacrine: An aminoacridine derivative that intercalates into DNA and is used as an antineoplastic agent.Fagaceae: A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.VietnamLinear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Tibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Eye ProteinsMyopia, Degenerative: Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.Cultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Epoxy Compounds: Organic compounds that include a cyclic ether with three ring atoms in their structure. They are commonly used as precursors for POLYMERS such as EPOXY RESINS.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.DNA Repair: The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.beta-Crystallin A Chain: The acidic subunit of beta-crystallins.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Belgian-Dutch) "FAQ for Chinese Domain Name". cnnic.net.cn. China Internet Network Information Center. 10 October 2005. ... Chinese). "Interview with Zhang Xiaolong: Foxmail 4.0 is Still Free". SINA.com.cn. Stone Rich Sight. 24 September 2001. ... According to a 2001 Sina.com survey, Foxmail had a 32.92% market share in China. In 2003, in a joint press-release with ... Chinese). "VeriSign Breaks the English Language Hold On Internet Navigation With Internationalized Domain Names" VeriSign.com. ...
On 18 April 2007 (after the sixth "speed-up movement" in China), part of Huning Railway was altered so it could support China ... Rail transport in the People's Republic of China List of railways in China Jiangsu's Railway System Archived from the original ... Railways in Jiangsu, China have existed in the province since the early 20th century. More than 40 large and medium-sized ... A line from Shanghai to Xiaguan and Nanjing, known as the Huning Railway (and during the Republic of China era as the Kingwu ...
China Daily. February 6, 2010 [Retrieved February 6, 2010]. High-speed rail linking central, western China starts operation. ... 中国中铁参建的郑西客运专线成功试运行 [Participation in China's Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Passenger successful test run]; February 1, 2010. Schedule ... China express train forces airlines to stop flights. 03-26-2010 [Retrieved 03-28-2010]. Reuters. Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed ... The Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed railway, also known as the Zhengxi passenger line (simplified Chinese: 郑西高速铁路; traditional
Chinese; Any other Asian background) D Black or Black British (Caribbean; African; Any other Black background) E Arab or other ...
... (simplified Chinese: 雷州话; traditional Chinese: 雷州話; pinyin: Léizhōu huà, [lěiʈʂóu xwâ]) is a branch of Min ... Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects". ... In the classification of Li Rong, used by the Language Atlas of China, it was treated as a separate Min subgroup. Hou Jingyi ... Taiwanese Hokkien Teochew dialect List of Chinese dialects 湛江市志·第三十六篇 方言·第三章 雷州话 Hammarström
Key "海南海汉主要股权转让并更名为海南博盈海汉的公示". Chinese. Chinese Football Association. Retrieved 31 January 2016. "Football Club Hainan Seamen ... Since 2016, they have been members of the China League Two. The club is located in the city of Haikou. That year, they changed ... Hainan Boying Football Club are a China League Two club. They are an association football club from Hainan. The Hainan Sport ... Hainan Boying Football Club is a semi-professional association football club in PR China. They are
Study of Prehistoric China includes its paleolithic sites, neolithic cultures, Chalcolithic cultures, the Chinese Bronze Age, ... Subsequent dynasties include the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, when the Old Chinese language developed. Bronze Age China ... Homo sapiens lived in China and by 25,000 BCE the modern humans lived in isolated locations on the North China Plain, where ... Above China is North Asia or Eurasia, in which Siberia, is an extensive geographical region which has been part of Russia since ...
... yet approved voluntary emigration of Chinese to the United States. When Chinese workers were used as strike breakers at a ... Chinese... [served] as cheap labor, frequently building railroads... Prejudices against Irish and Hungarian immigrants, as well ... The organization called for total exclusion of Chinese workers, abolition of child labor, and participation of all labor bodies ... Chinese exclusion..." In time, the AFL would redefine its methods and its mission. The federation embraced "pure and simple ...
Chinese. On the 28th of August 1975, all Jesuit priests and other foreigners were asked to leave the country within 48 hours. ... During the undergraduate years, seminarians learn the ancient language courses such as Latin and Greek, or Chinese. Other ... Psychoanalysis Chinese Philosophy - Hinduism - Islam Continental Philosophy - Structuralism Theories of Ethics Introduction to ...
San Martín, Argentina Act 3483/93 from November 8, 1993; Caserta, Italy, Act 5096/00 from May 12, 2000; Heping, China, Pact ... German; English; Japanese; Italian; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; Polish; French; Chinese; others... American synthpop band ...
... (simplified Chinese: 陈鲁豫; traditional Chinese: 陳魯豫; pinyin: Chén Lǔyù), born 12 June 1970, is a Chinese journalist ... China Youth Press. pp. 24-29. ISBN 978-7-5006-6472-7. Chen Lu Yu: 'China's Oprah' - CNN.com "Clinton and Geithner on 'A Date ... She has been described as "China's Oprah" owing to the popularity of her talk show. She hosts the talk show programme A Date ... Chen Luyu (2008). "I anchor the news on Phoenix Television" 《我在凤凰说新闻》. 《青年文摘》 [Youth Literary Digest] (in Chinese). Beijing: ...
The name of the bombs in Chinese was Zhen tian lei. They were made from cast iron and filled with gunpowder, the Chinese Song ... The Chinese responded by building their own counterweight trebuchets, an account from the Chinese said "In 1273 the frontier ... The Battle of Xiangyang (traditional Chinese: 襄陽之戰; simplified Chinese: 襄阳之战; pinyin: Xiāngyáng zhizhàn) was a key battle ... Because the Han Chinese commander Guo Kan fought with the Mongols under Hulagu in the Middle East, Kublai had heard of siege ...
2-3. Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects ... Hamed, Mahé Ben (2005). "Neighbour-nets portray the Chinese dialect continuum and the linguistic legacy of China's demic ... Chinese consists of hundreds of local varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible. The differences are similar to ... Unlike Europe, however, Chinese political unity was restored in the late 6th century and has persisted (with interludes of ...
The number of Chinese living in Chinatown rose significantly during the next four decades. A major influx of new Chinese ... In part, this was caused by the influx of non-Chinese Asians into the area. Shared cultural values, which encouraged Chinese to ... Chinese people, brought to the country as railroad workers, established the area in the 1860s. The area became known as ... In 1986, a Chinese restaurant, Bo Loong, opened in a newly constructed building at 3922 St. Clair Avenue. Attracting both Asian ...
Chinese. Chinatimes. 陳布雷長孫陳師孟為何成了台獨大將. Chinese. 陈师孟与"蓝色恐怖". 2003. Huaxia. Chinese. ... Chen Shimeng (simplified Chinese: 陈师孟; traditional Chinese: 陳師孟; pinyin: Chén Shīmèng; born 4 August 1948) is a Taiwanese ... He became the Vice-President of the Central Bank of the Republic of China in 2000. In 2002 he became Secretary General of the ... Office of the President of the Republic of China, a position he held until 2003. From 2003
Chinese] Hershatter, Gail. The Gender of Memory: Rural Women and China's Collective Past. Berkeley, California: University of ... When the Chinese Civil War resumed in 1947, Xu was assigned to organize the Red Army's logistics, but was unable to complete ... Chinese] Yang Jisheng. "The Fatal Politics of the PRC's Great Leap Famine: the preface to Tombstone". Journal of Contemporary ... Xu joined the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in 1925, and participated in the Northern Expedition. After the Shanghai massacre ...
The Guangyun (Kuang-yun; simplified Chinese: 广韵; traditional Chinese: 廣韻; pinyin: Guǎngyùn; Wade-Giles: Kuang3-yün4; literally ... Baxter, William H. (1992). A Handbook of Old Chinese Phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 38-39. ISBN 978-3-11-012324-1 ... Songben Guangyun, with dictionary lookup - Chinese Text Project GuangYun Initials and Rhymes, Dylan W.H. Sung Songben Guangyun ... ISBN 978-0-521-29653-3. Teng, Ssu-yü; Biggerstaff, Knight (1971). An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Chinese Reference Works ...
Hong Kong past winners" (in Chinese). TVB. Retrieved February 28, 2012. staff. "François Huynh profile". Chinese. TVB. ... The template Infobox Chinese-language singer and actor is being considered for merging. › François Huỳnh (黃長發) (born 28 March ... His parents are ethnic Teochew Chinese from Vietnam. He is fluent in French, English, Cantonese, Mandarin and Spanish. François ... staff (April 19, 2012). "$10m sex pact". South China Morning Post. Retrieved December 6, 2016. [1] Mr.Hong Kong Profile ...
A mandarin (Chinese: 官 guān) was a bureaucrat scholar in the government of imperial China and Vietnam. The term is generally ... Vietnam, after becoming free of Chinese rule and setting up its own independent monarchy, emulated the Chinese system of ... Treatise of China (1569). As C.R. Boxer explains, the word comes from the Chinese 老爷 (Mandarin Pinyin: lǎoye; Amoy dialect: ló- ... China has had civil servants since at least the Zhou Dynasty. However, most high ranking positions were filled by relatives of ...
Since morphemes are monosyllabic in Chinese, Chinese is quite resistant to inflectional changes; instead, Chinese uses lexical ... Chinese, in general, does not possess overt inflectional morphology. Chinese words generally comprise one or two monosyllabic ... In Classical Chinese, pronouns were overtly inflected to mark case. However, these overt case forms are no longer used; most of ... While European languages more often use overt inflection to mark a word's function in a sentence, Chinese tends to use word ...
... with over a third of the collection relating to China. The national importance of the Chinese and Egyptian collections can be ... "Chinese". Durham University. Retrieved 11 January 2009. "Egypt". Durham University. Retrieved 11 January 2009. "Museums, ... Chinese, Japanese, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Hispanic Studies Departments) Department of Music Department of ... along with the Durham University Oriental Museum's Egyptian and Chinese collections. In 2012 the university was part of a ...
Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects". ... New Xiang, also known as Chang-Yi (长益片 / 長益片) is the dominant form of Xiang Chinese. It is spoken in northeastern areas of ... While most linguists follow Yuan Jiahua in describing New Xiang as a subgroup of Xiang Chinese, Zhou Zhenhe and You Rujie ... Norman, Jerry (1988). Chinese. Cambridge University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-521-29653-3. Zhou, Zhenhe; You, Rujie (1986). ...
South China Morning Post. "王岸然,2009年4月1日,警隊護短與歧視實為港人之恥,信報財經新聞,. (Coast contingent, (April 1, 2009). "The police force shield ... Chinese). "全身脱毛 安い". Hinshk.org. Retrieved 2016-07-30. [4] Like Loading... (2008-06-27). "About Us , Deurali Football Club". ... Reports were made on all major press like the TVB, Apple Daily, Oriental Daily and the South China Morning Post. This was the ... Nepal - Hong Kong China Bodybuilding Championships.[dubious - discuss] Moreover, there
Li, X., & Wang, Y. (2000). A preliminary application of the test of variables of attention (TOVA) in china. [Chinese]. Chinese ...
20 shi ji Zhong wen zhu zuo zhe bi ming lu = Twentieth-century Chinese authors and their pen names. Guangxi shi fan da xue chu ... 20 shi ji Zhong wen zhu zuo zhe bi ming lu = Twentieth-century Chinese authors and their pen names. Guangxi shi fan da xue chu ... Chinese). Bédé, Jean-Albert and William Edgerton. Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature. 2nd ed., Columbia ... Ch'êng yü k'ao; A Manual of Chinese quotations. Hong Kong: Kelly and Walsh. 1903. Harbottle, Thomas Benfield and P. H. Dalbiac ...
China Focus: Tibet basically eliminates absolute poverty Source: Xinhua, 2020-01-07 16:04:06,Editor: Xiang Bo ... "It also attests to the success of the Chinese model of development on the high plateau and offers the world an exemplary case ... 7 (Xinhua) -- Chinas Tibet Autonomous Region has basically eradicated absolute poverty, chairman of the regional government ... It is also one of the main grounds in Chinas nationwide campaign against poverty. ...
Click on this article to find out about growing Chinese bayberry trees and other interesting Chinese bayberry info. ... Additional Chinese Bayberry Info. Chinese bayberry is of significant economic value south of the Yangtze River in China. In ... They are also referred to as Chinese bayberry, Japanese bayberry, Yumberry, or Chinese strawberry trees. Because they are ... Read on to find out about growing Chinese bayberry trees and other interesting Chinese bayberry info. ...
Henry W. Blair as U.S. Minister to China due to his abusive remarks regarding China during negotiation of the Chinese Exclusion ... "US apologizes for Chinese Exclusion Act". China Daily, 19 June 2012 *^ a b California State Assembly. "Senate Joint Resolution ... Wikisource has several original texts related to: Chinese Exclusion Act. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chinese ... American Chinese cuisine. Film. American Chinese films. Terminology. Chinamans chance. Jook-sing. Events. Love boat. Education ...
... is an academic journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and ... published by Science China Press. It is committed to publishing ... ... Cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China ... Science China Life Sciences is an academic journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural ...
So what we may in fact be looking at is a hidden attempt by the Chinese to get a jump on this, the economics of vaccines… its ... Previous :Chinese citizens resort to wearing feminine hygiene products, bras, fast food bags and fruit skins as makeshift MASKS ... If the Chinese government has been conducting human trials against SARS. MERS, or other coronviruses using recombined viruses, ... New Intel: Communist China providing automatic weapons to Antifa, Black Lives Matter… some stored in democrat-run government ...
Chinese physicians believe that medicinal herbs are effective in alleviating symptoms and preventing complications. Chinese ... China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (1976 to 30 June 2011), Chinese Journals full-article database (1994 to 30 June ... Chinese medicinal herbs for measles. Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ... There is no RCT evidence for or against Chinese medicinal herbs as a treatment for measles. We hope high-quality, robust RCTs ...
... This is a group for Chinese Adults to view and post photos, leave messages and arrange for other fun and ... Chinese Adults. This is a group for Chinese Adults to view and post photos, leave messages and arrange for other fun and ...
... PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA. CONSULAR CONVENTION WITH THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA. TREATY DOC. NO. 97-3. 1980 ... Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China.. EXCELLENCY: I have the honor on behalf of the Government of the United States of ... If your Excellency confirms the above by a note in reply on behalf of the Government of the Peoples Republic of China, this ... Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China.. EXCELLENCY: I have the honor to confirm on behalf of the Government of the ...
Chinese New Year 2018: Year of the Dog and why to avoid medicine, laundry and crying children ... Celebrating 50 years of the smartest Chinese restaurant in London, where the stars go to dine Premium ... Chinese New Year 2017, year of the Rooster! Whats your zodiac animal? ...
... Elements II (4 s.h.) S. (Formerly: CR LANG 0067.). Prerequisite: Chinese 1001 (Critical Languages 0066) or permission ... Chinese Advanced I (3 s.h.) F. (Formerly: CR LANG 0266.). Prerequisite: Chinese 2002 (Critical Languages 0167) or permission of ... Chinese Advanced II (3 s.h.) S. (Formerly: CR LANG 0267.). Prerequisite: Chinese 3001 (Critical Languages 0266) or permission ... Chinese Intermediate II (3 s.h.) S. (Formerly: CR LANG 0167.). Prerequisite: Chinese 2001 (Critical Languages C166) or ...
Written Chinese (Chinese: 中文; pinyin: zhōngwén) comprises Chinese characters used to represent the Chinese language. Chinese ... simplified Chinese and traditional Chinese. Simplified Chinese was developed in Mainland China in order to reduce the number of ... Simplified and traditional Chinese[edit]. Main articles: Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, and Debate on traditional and ... Chinese characters are also used within China to write non-Han languages. The largest non-Han group in China, the Zhuang, have ...
9/20 下午1-5時在教會廚房製作月餅,請有興趣者跟負責人葉文儀
The most populous region of China was southern China after the depopulation of the north and the migration of northern Chinese ... Chinese: 帝 dì)and during the Zhou dynasty who called themselves Wang (Chinese: 王 or 國王; wáng), was the title of the Chinese ... The Han Chinese Gao family of Bohai (渤海高氏) was claimed by Gao Huan as his ancestors. Of Han Chinese background who was ... in Chinese) 孔姓 (The Kong family, descendents of Confucius) Archived 2011-09-03 at the Wayback Machine. (in Chinese) 孟姓 (The ...
Chinese Turks may refer to: Turks in the Tang military Chinese Tatars Few of several states ruled by ethnically Turkic families ... and other ethnic groups in China that speak Turkic languages. ... during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of China ...
The Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) (simplified Chinese: 扬子鳄; traditional Chinese: 揚子鱷, yáng zǐ è), also known as the ... Changxing in Zhejiang successfully propagated Chinese Alligators) 2013-04-29 (in Chinese) Liu, Victor H. (2013), "Chinese ... In China, the organs of the Chinese alligator were sold as cures for a number of ailments. Captive breeding programs, the first ... Overall, the Chinese alligator lives in a subtropical, warm temperate region. The Chinese alligators usual habitat was in ...
Not among the traditional chinese values according to confucianism,chinese herbs for pregnancy nausea jean,cancer test methods ... China products wholesale in kolkata. Description: The 6-foot long soft-top surfboard is built to professional standards using a ... prospective students are advised to seek out a program that is based in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory. A good ... test vinegar Cancer is a healing process Yeast infection herbal treatment Alternative treatments for vulvar cancer Chinese ...
language): Classical Chinese, Mandarin Chinese, Middle Chinese, Old Chinese, Standard Written Chinese, Vernacular Chinese ... Chinese (not generally comparable, comparative more Chinese, superlative most Chinese) *Of China, its languages or people *1928 ... Chinese: Cantonese: (Chinese citizens) 中國人, 中国人 (zung1 gwok3 jan4), (ethnic Chinese) 華人, 华人 (waa4 jan4), 漢人, 汉人 (hon3 jan4), 唐人 ... Chinese food or meal. *(Britain, countable, informal) A Chinese meal. Were going out tonight for a Chinese.. ...
... london 2014 Cancer treatment in india cost Chinese herbalist essendon Meridian chinese medicine ballarat 4x4 ... Chinese antique furniture boston ma. 21.10.2015. Collection: Chinese Antiques If you would like to enquire about Chinese ... Chinese medicine liver and kidney x ray. 21.10.2015. Chinese acupuncture recognizes 12 organs; the lungs, large intestine, ... Chinese medicine liver function. 21.10.2015. I was diagnosed with a leaky, infected gut via the Cyrex Labs Array 2 blood test ...
Chinadaily.com.cn is the largest English portal in China, providing news, business information, BBS, learning materials. The ... BizChina offers latest business and market information of China, online updates of 17 industries, investment guides, business ... Website has channels as China, BizChina, World, Opinion, Sports/Olympics, Entertainment, Lifestyle, Culture, Citylife, Photo, ... The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China ...
... has an ancient and prized tradition, which has become loved all over the world. Like any cultural food, it has ... About China Daily , Advertise on Site , Contact Us , Job Offer ,. Copyright 1995 - 2010 . All rights reserved. The content ( ... China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in ... Sichuan Cuisine: Sichuain dishes are famous for there spicy taste and the flavour of the Chinese Prickly ash. Seasonings and ...
India Biz Seeks Closer Ties with China 6 years ago * Scene Jackie Chans Chinese Zodiac Marks New Phase in Stars Career 6 ... Chinese Zodiac. * Film Universal Sees Future in Jackie Chans Chinese Zodiac 6 years ago ... DMGs Dan Mintz: Hollywoods Man in China 6 years ago * Film Thailand: The Economy Is Rising, and So Are TV Opportunities 6 ... Chinas Poly Culture Plans Hong Kong IPO, Says Report 6 years ago ...
Perhaps the question is not are Beijing and China ready for the Olympics, but is the world ready for China? ... not the Chinese public - that no one had a right to question its handling of Tibet, and this was seriously damaging Chinas ... Han Chinese, Tibetan and mixed parentage people about Tibet and the Olympics. A Tibetan- Chinese villager, 20, said almost fi ... This is what Chinese leaders want foreigners to focus on: sport, shopping and having a good time when Beijing hosts the Games. ...
... This list is primarily for reference. Not all courses listed on this page are offered every semester, and ... and then click on Chinese Language & Literature (CHN). Additionally, class availability information can be found upon ...
... Share Web This website is designed to provide New England Chinese churches announcements and ... UConn Chinese Bible Study Group 波特蘭華人福音教會 Chinese Gospel Church of Portland. 康州哈城華人浸信會 Chinese Baptist Church of Greater ... 波士頓基督教救恩堂 Boston Chinese Church of Saving Grace. 聖公會波士頓華人教會 Boston Chinese Episcopal Church 諾城華人基督教會 Norwich Chinese Christian ... 波士頓
SVSU Ming Chuan University will be offering Session Two of Chinese language courses from Week 3 - Week 15, Winter Semester 2018 ...
  • If you're interested in growing your own Chinese bayberry plants, they are hardy to USDA zone 10 and thrive in sub-tropical, coastal regions. (gardeningknowhow.com)
  • India joins China in protesting against the Soviet presence in Afghanistan. (csmonitor.com)
  • Moscow cannot regain the confidence of either India or China unless it gets out of Afghanistan and refrains from moving into Pakistan and Iran. (csmonitor.com)
  • For 2009, the number of students from India enrolled in US universities and colleges crossed 100,000 for the first time ever at 103,260, while the number of Chinese students rose to 98235 from 81,127 in the last academic year. (indiatimes.com)
  • There's one thing in common though - enrollments in overseas courses have not been impacted either in India or in China despite the economic downturn - in fact, many young people have seen it as a good time to take a break from work and add an international higher educational degree. (indiatimes.com)
  • Shortly before 100 ce, Buddhism arrived in China from India and added another important influence to Chinese culture and mythology. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other readings include works less well known in the west but long considered central to various literary and performance traditions by many Chinese. (temple.edu)
  • Special attention will be paid to the place they have in various Chinese literary traditions and how these traditions have contributed to both Chinese ways of understanding their own cultural heritage and how they have influenced western understandings of that heritage. (temple.edu)
  • Although most other varieties of Chinese are not written, there are traditions of written Cantonese , written Shanghainese and written Hokkien , among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studying Chinese opens the door to one of the world's oldest and richest continuous cultures, to different but splendid traditions, to the most populated nation, to the second largest economy, and to a fascinating literary world. (umsl.edu)
  • These two religious traditions had an enormous influence on the development of the most basic and lasting principles of Chinese culture. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Designed to promote the rich traditions of Chinese culture, the garden is truly a cross-cultural effort. (huntington.org)
  • Throughout the Garden of Flowing Fragrance, the names of features and the couplets that grace these features, all labeled by contemporary calligraphers, conjure up the literary, philosophic, and artistic traditions of China, and encourage us to experience the world around us in new ways. (huntington.org)
  • We answer Chicago's questions on Chinese food, restaurants and traditions from Who has Cantonese-style snails? (chicagotribune.com)
  • However, in the 1950s, the Chinese alligator was found only in the southern area of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) from Pengze to the western shore of Lake Tai (Tai Hu), in the mountainous regions of southern Anhui, and in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this extract (in the audio tab) he explains how during the 1950s Chinese restaurants filled a gap in the UK market, and how Chinese restauranteurs tried to please their English customers. (bl.uk)
  • If you're not Chinese or co-financing franchises -- you probably haven't yet heard of the world's next big female global mega movie star, Li Bingbing. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In the world's second biggest movie market, she is Angelina Jolie (sans Brad Pitt), and that market, China, is going to become the biggest audience in the world -- surpassing North America -- by 2020. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Until relatively recently, Chinese writing was more widely in use than alphabetic writing systems, and until the 18th century more than half of the world's books were written in Chinese, including works of speculative thought, historical writings of a kind, and novels, along with writings on government and law. (britannica.com)
  • China and Russia have two of the world's most powerful militaries, and their growing defense cooperation has long been a subject of interest to the United States. (lulu.com)
  • It's the second time a Chinese computer has been named the world's fastest. (yahoo.com)
  • In 1960s China, French diplomat Rene Gallimard falls in love with an opera singer, Song Liling - but Song is not at all who Gallimard thinks. (imdb.com)
  • Since that time China has gone through a remarkable transformation which has restored and greatly extended the pragmatism which had prevailed under Chou En- lai, Liu Shaoqi, and Deng Xiaoping in the early 1960s. (csmonitor.com)
  • Chinese has no verb conjugation nor noun declension, which means you don't have to memorize verb tenses or deal with agreement of gender and number. (umsl.edu)
  • The textbook "The Chinese Numerals for Businessmen" gives the learners clear understanding of the numerals from 1 to 1 000 000. (lulu.com)
  • Our practical 12-week Chinese tourism courses are ideal for adult learners looking to develop their Chinese language and cultural knowledge before travelling overseas. (edu.au)
  • Beginner Chinese (1) is a 12-week language course for learners with little or no prior knowledge of Mandarin. (edu.au)
  • But learners who are not interested in relocating to China can pursue one of the distance learning programs, which offer convenience and award degrees that have the same value as an on-campus program. (excite.com)
  • After a period of variation and evolution, Chinese characters were standardized under the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Revolts in Mongolia and S China end dynasty. (infoplease.com)
  • Later stages in the development of Chinese writing include the guwen ("ancient figures") found in inscriptions from the late Shang dynasty ( c. 1123 bc ) and the early years of the Zhou dynasty that followed. (britannica.com)
  • New Religious Ideas From about 1500 to 1066 bce, China was ruled by the Shang dynasty. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When a new dynasty, the Zhou, came to power in China in 1066 bce, significant changes took place in religion. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Changing Old Beliefs In 213 bce, many of the original sources of Chinese mythology were lost when Emperor Shi Huangdi of the Qin dynasty ordered the burning of all books on subjects other than medicine, prophecy (predictions of the future), and farming. (encyclopedia.com)
  • White Vengeance tells the story of two brothers contending for supremacy during the fall of the Qin Dynasty, which ruled Imperial China from 221 to 206 BC. (imdb.com)
  • The most common justification for studying TCM (and using it on patients) is something along the lines of " this is an ancient Chinese practice " as if anything old must be worthwhile (also known as the argument from antiquity , a logical fallacy). (forbes.com)
  • These provisions represent a major step forward in protecting the welfare of the increasing numbers of American citizens visiting China, given that country's vast size, decentralized governmental structure and relatively limited communication facilities. (state.gov)
  • Since March, however, when Steven Spielberg resigned as an artistic adviser, alleging China wasn't doing enough to stop the slaughter in Sudan's Darfur region, and now with the Tibet furore, the country's human rights record has been getting much greater attention. (theage.com.au)
  • Today Intuit has a strong presence in China and Kraft is selling the country's number one cookie. (forbes.com)
  • Most computers in China are relatively new-the country's total, thought to stand at 10m, is increasing by 50% a year. (economist.com)
  • According to a China Daily news report filed Tuesday, the unnamed official from the Internet bureau under the country's State Council Information Office, said Google went back on its agreement to filter its search engine. (zdnet.com)
  • Chinese New Year - A young girl looks at lanterns in Yuyuan Gardens in Shanghai on February 24. (cnn.com)
  • An employee works at the workshop of a foreign company on February 15, 2011 in Shanghai, China. (latimes.com)
  • Chen Liangyu, acting mayor of Shanghai, was elected Tuesday mayor of this east China metropolis at the fifth session of the 11th Shanghai Municipal People's Congress. (cctv.com)
  • The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Google, however, is challenging the Chinese government's sovereignty by demanding it accepts Google's definition of "opening up", he said. (zdnet.com)
  • The Chinese alligator is a class one endangered species and listed as a CITES Appendix I species, which puts extreme restrictions on its trade and exportation throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chinese are present in all parts of the world. (wiktionary.org)
  • Chinese cuisine has an ancient and prized tradition, which has become loved all over the world. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • These included the at-times violent anti-Japanese protests in 2005 over Tokyo's failure, in Chinese eyes, to adequately atone for World War II atrocities and the 1999 outrage after the US accidentally bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. (theage.com.au)
  • World Chinese Language Day is not an official holiday and businesses, schools and government offices are open on this day. (timeanddate.com)
  • But in China they can make a world of difference. (slate.com)
  • The Chinese bamboo network - its diaspora spread around the world -has always been very strong and it now appears that the international students too are becoming brand ambassadors in adding to the skills and knowledge pool in their country. (indiatimes.com)
  • A senior Chinese official Wednesday urged enterprises to sharpen their competitiveness on world market. (cctv.com)
  • Chinese top legislature will amend the law on import and export commodity inspections, to honour commitments China made on its entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). (cctv.com)
  • David-Dorian Ross - America's Chi-vangelist - opens the door into the world of an ancient Chinese discipline known as Taijiquan - 'The Art of Harmony. (lulu.com)
  • Later this week, I'll have some behind-the-scenes info about Jia and the Chinese film world. (newyorker.com)
  • Traditional Chinese gardens - developed in China , and replicated elsewhere in the world. (wikimedia.org)
  • Chinese herbal medicines are believed to be effective in alleviating symptoms and shortening the duration of measles, and are widely used as the main or adjunctive therapy to treat measles in China and other countries. (cochrane.org)
  • The main reasons for forming CHINA POPIN were to strengthen the national effort implement the family planning program to assist leaders in policy-making, to strengthen the population sciences and to avoid wasteful duplication of investment and effort. (un.org)
  • China is today's main barrier to Russian expansion into Asia. (csmonitor.com)
  • The book series generally covers three main interdisciplinary themes: (1) fundamental investigation of Chinese as a first or second language acquisition, (2) development in Chinese language learning technology, and (3) applied research on Chinese language education. (springer.com)
  • Each unit of this textbook includes the main text, list of characters used in the unit, exercises on character study and character decomposition, grammar exercises on general questions study, exercises on the Chinese numerals study and The Chinese Character Decomposition Guidance to the unit. (lulu.com)
  • Most of the features of the system were developed in China, and they are only using Intel for the main compute part," TOP500 editor Jack Dongarra, who toured the Tianhe-2 facility in May, said in a news release. (yahoo.com)
  • There's tofu but this isn't a main staple in the Chinese diet. (yahoo.com)
  • However, as gold became harder to find and competition increased, animosity toward the Chinese and other foreigners increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the post-Civil War economy in decline by the 1870s, anti-Chinese animosity became politicized by labor leader Denis Kearney and his Workingman's Party as well as by California Governor John Bigler , both of whom blamed Chinese " coolies " for depressed wage levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chinese Emperor at the time was supportive of the exclusion, citing his concerns that Chinese immigration to America would lead to a loss of labor for China. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a title of nobility, Ba Wang, hegemon, recognized overlordship of several subordinate kings while refraining from claiming the title of emperor within the imperium of the Chinese subcontinent, such as its borders were considered from era to era. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, Yuan had imposed military rule from his headquarters in the north, even proclaiming himself "emperor" of China in 1915. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These include Chinese notables such as emperor Henry Pu-yi Aisin-Gioro, whose relationship with his English tutor, Sir Reginald Johnston. (jhu.edu)
  • When looking toward acupuncture school, prospective students are advised to seek out a program that is based in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory. (amazonaws.com)
  • There are four major flavours in Chinese cuisine, Shandong, Sichuan, Huaiyang and Guangdong (Cantonese). (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The name stands for "modern Chinese cookbook," and while it hops around among various regions (a little Sichuan there, some Cantonese favorites), the restaurant manages to show an impressive level of care with each dish. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Chinese has the same basic word order as English: Subject-Verb-Object and you only need master a relatively small vocabulary to gain proficiency. (umsl.edu)
  • A free Chinese proficiency assessment will be available to everyone who registers for a course. (edu.au)
  • The Straits Chinese is the blending and embodiment of these existing cultures of the time. (timeout.com)
  • The Penang Straits Chinese are an amalgamation of different cultures, those of the Sino-Malay Archipelago, Thai, Burmese, Indian and notably, the British. (timeout.com)
  • For this reason, Chinese mythology is less uniform and consistent in its legends than the mythologies of many other cultures, but offers a wide range of tales and mythological figures to appreciate. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Chinese immigrant workers provided cheap labor and did not use any of the government infrastructure (schools, hospitals, etc.) because the Chinese migrant population was predominantly made up of healthy male adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • The AD-1911 republican Xinhai Revolution saw the dissolution of the official imperial system although the new Republic of China government maintained noble titles like the Duke Yansheng. (wikipedia.org)
  • But with 100 days to go until the opening ceremony, some in China fear that the nationalist fervor the Government has stirred up may yet taint the dream. (theage.com.au)
  • The Chinese minor provides solid language training and substantial cultural knowledge needed to enter China-related careers in such fields as higher education, government, international relations, business, or arts. (bgsu.edu)
  • It will take some time to heal,' said Feng Zhaokui, a researcher at the Institute of Japanese Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the official think tank of the Chinese government. (washingtonpost.com)
  • With the growing power of China, the Chinese government won't take the [aggression] of Japan. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The Tianjin Population Information Centre (TPIC), established in June 1984, is one of the units under the cooperative project jointly managed by the Chinese Government and the UNFPA. (un.org)
  • In southern China, where Western penetration was greatest and Qing domination was weakest, a twenty-year peasant-led utopian uprising, known as the Taiping Rebellion , had its roots in popular distrust of the central government and its tolerance of opium smoking, footbinding, and slavery. (encyclopedia.com)
  • From there Sun reorganized his KMT supporters, and in 1921, once again in southern China, he was proclaimed president of the National Government based at Guangzhou (Canton). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Foreigners are likely to acquire more investment opportunities in China since the central government approved on Tuesday a fresh regulation to attract foreign capital. (cctv.com)
  • On January 29, 2020, the Department of State allowed for the voluntary departure of non-emergency personnel and family members of U.S. government employees from China. (state.gov)
  • Because basic characters or graphs were "motivated"-that is, the graph was made to resemble the object it represented-it was once thought that Chinese writing is ideographic, representing ideas rather than the structures of a language . (britannica.com)
  • For those of us who have seen firsthand the dramatic improvement in the lives of ordinary Chinese that opening the market has brought, this agitation against Americans doing business in China is baffling. (slate.com)
  • In late 1931 he was able to proclaim the establishment of the Chinese Soviet Republic under his chairmanship in Ruijin, Jiangxi Province. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Chinese tanks were so poor that China had dropped to 15 20 percent of output capacity to avoid arming the PLA with equipment that will only cause casualties to itself and not to Soviet or Vietnamese forces. (globalsecurity.org)
  • This down- to-earth remark reflects the pragmatism of the survivors and epitomizes the sharp difference between the perennially refreshed and mutating communism of China and the inflexible, dogmatic system which sits like an Old Man of the Sea on the back of the Soviet Union. (csmonitor.com)
  • Sovereigns holding the title of king of an individual state within and without the shifting borders of the Chinese imperium might be fully independent heads of foreign nations, such as the King of Korea who might, in some cases, be subordinate to foreign emperors just as territorial or tribal sovereign Mongol khans might be subject to one of several Khagans or Great khans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confusingly, some Chinese emperors styled many or all close male relatives of certain kinds such as brothers, uncles, or nephews as wang, a term for king, using it as a courtesy title. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two groups of characters central to Chinese mythology are the Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Like many revolutions, this one got out of hand, excluded from power and humiliated most of the men who had previously made Chinese communism work. (csmonitor.com)
  • In the event that the situation deteriorates further, the ability of the U.S. Embassy and Consulates to provide assistance to U.S. nationals within China may be limited. (state.gov)
  • According to the Shuowen Jiezi , Chinese characters are developed on six basic principles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sun's popular Three Principles program included a call for democracy in China, freedom from foreign powers, and governmental attention to the people's welfare. (encyclopedia.com)
  • "Widely regarded as the finest contemporary Chinese calligrapher in the UK, Zhao's unusual combination of tradition and innovation creates a unique vitality and originality which uncovers the principles of Chinese shufa" (The Times, http://www.meaa.org.uk/news.htm . (warwick.ac.uk)
  • CONSIDERING that the United States does three times as much trade with Taiwan as with mainland China, it is clearly not present or even prospective trade that took the President of the United States to Peking last week. (csmonitor.com)
  • The result of this thoughtless intervention has been to induce the chinese, who had for some time been muting their long-term objectives toward Taiwan, to emphasize again at the National Congress their determination "to reunify our homeland at an early date. (csmonitor.com)
  • Standard Mandarin is also the official language of mainland China and Taiwan. (excite.com)
  • This new study examines China 's economic trends, investment environment, industry development, supply and demand, industry capacity, industry structure, marketing channels and major industry participants. (prnewswire.com)
  • It ratified and extended the new economic policies designed to transform China by the turn of the century into a modern industrial state. (csmonitor.com)
  • The Tianhe-2 shows how China is leveraging rapid economic growth and sharp increases in research spending to join the United States, Europe and Japan in the global technology elite. (yahoo.com)
  • Asian stocks are very much on the front foot, buoyed by expectations of continuing (easy central bank monetary policies) around the globe and China maintaining its economic growth target for the year," said analysts from Charles Stanley in a note on markets. (yahoo.com)
  • But toward the end of the decade, the financial situation improved and subsequently, attempts to legislate Chinese exclusion became successful on the state level. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the first Mass I attended in this very church almost a decade ago, the Chinese, who made up most of the congregation, kept their distance from foreign Catholics such as myself. (slate.com)
  • For one thing, we won't be seeing many Russian or Chinese bad guys in the next decade, so viva la North Koreans and rogue terrorists. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • China 's demand for fiber optics has grown at a fast pace in the past decade. (prnewswire.com)
  • The degree to which the Chinese system is being loosened up, decentralized, and drawn close to a mixed economy is illustrated by those reforms proposed by outgoing Premier Hua Guofeng in his speech to the People's Congress. (csmonitor.com)