Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Fingersucking: Sucking of the finger. This is one of the most common manipulations of the body found in young children.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Schools: Educational institutions.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.United StatesBrazilBody Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Tongue Habits: Acquired responses regularly manifested by tongue movement or positioning.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Areca: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.IndiaChild Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Pacifiers: Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Sucking Behavior: Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.Nail Biting: Common form of habitual body manipulation which is an expression of tension.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.JapanEnvironmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.SwedenWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.TurkeyAdoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.ItalyChi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)EnglandMotor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)BangladeshChronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Great BritainTooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)MexicoAdenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Respiratory Tract DiseasesNutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Failure to Thrive: A condition of substandard growth or diminished capacity to maintain normal function.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.California
... child's doctor's help...encourage healthy-eating habits...keep an eye on computer use...cultivate and reinforce a healthy body ... Gupta and Abedin caution parents to, "Be aware of what signals you might be giving your children when you talk about your own ... Pay attention to the stereotypical body image your kids are watching on TV. And perhaps most important, talk with them about it ... Binge eating disorder was the most common, affecting more than 1.5 percent of kids studied", and "just under 1 percent had ...
However, some children continue these habits over long periods of time. In these children, the upper front teeth may tip toward ... Frequent or intense habits over a prolonged period of time can affect the way the child's teeth bite together, as well as the ... Borrie FRP, Bearn DR, Innes NPT, Iheozor-Ejiofor Z. Interventions for the cessation of non-nutritive sucking habits in children ... The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's "Policy on Thumb, Finger and Pacifier Habits" says: "Most children stop sucking ...
Weissbluth, Marc (1999). Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child. Marill, Michele Cohen. "Surviving the Day After an All-Nighter". ... Thus, an infant may begin crying when sleep habits are disrupted. One can avoid "getting a second wind" by practicing proper ...
Van der Lans co-habits. He has four children, two of which are foster children. This is a selection of Van der Lans' ... He wrote his doctoral thesis about "Youth Culture, Provo and the Youth Movement" . Between 1979 and 1981 he attended courses to ... He was a member of the Board of the Catholic Youth Organization, Catholic Service Institute for Life Forming. He also was a ... First as a freelancer for the magazine Jeugd en Samenleving (Youth and Society). Between 1982 and 1987 he was editor of the ...
Saunders is also the author of 7 books, all on the topic of children's health and fitness. His most recent book came out in ... "Encouraging Family Fitness & Healthy Habits". PBS News. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2016. "Dieting Vs Making Changes". ... He is known for creating Project ACES, a day in which children around the world exercise simultaneously on the first day of May ... He created a new program called ACES Day, which motivates parents and children to exercise together over the weekends. In 2009 ...
It begins around Christmas (El Niño means Christ child). These changes disrupt weather patterns and the migration habits of ...
A recent study by the Sachar Committee found that 3-4% of Muslim children study in madrasas (Islamic schools). Dietary habits ... Chishti S, Jacob J (1 December 2006). "Sachar nails madrasa myth: Only 4% of Muslim kids go there". The Indian Express. ... Yadav, Yogendra; Sanjay Kumar (14 August 2006). "The food habits of a nation". hinduonnet.com. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-04-21 ...
Adopting Habits of Civilized Life 5. Minor Children 6. Citizenship by Birth 7. Becoming Soldiers and Sailors in the U.S. Armed ... They have cost the lives of about 19,000 white men, women and children, including those killed in individual combats, and the ... Historians believe many Mohawk in present-day New York became infected after contact with children of Dutch traders in Albany ... At this time American society thought that Native American children needed to be acculturated to the general society. The ...
Discorder - Ache Records Turns Ten Ian Gormely (November 2003). "Those Kids Will Get You in Trouble: Red Light Sting". ... Suzy Webb (September 2004). "The Seven Habits of Andy Dixon". Discorder. Retrieved 20 January 2009. ...
The child then shares this information with their parent, the target market, who will be influenced to go purchase the toy. A ... To market to any given audience effectively, it is essential to become familiar with your target market; their habits, ... An example of this is when a child, part of a target audience, is positively reached through a communication channel such as a ... Kotler et al., (2014) states an example, Disney cruise lines primarily focus on families with children large or small, and most ...
He also tutored the children of many friends and relatives. He was encouraging good study habits. Indeed some of his peer in ... His home was like another school with his children. ...
"The cosleeping habits of military children". Military medicine. 1992: 196-200. Heron, P. "Non-reactive cosleeping and child ... One 2006 study of children age 3-10 in India reported 93% of children bed-sharing while a 2006 study of children in Kentucky in ... They also cite concerns that a parent may smother the child or promote an unhealthy dependence of the child on the parent(s). ... Help or hindrance for young children's independence?". Infant and Child Development. 13 (December): 369-388. doi:10.1002/icd. ...
Other children, I find, use the same formula."[1]. In response to this note another contributor said that his daughter believed ... "My two daughters are in the habit of saying 'Rabbits!' on the first day of each month. The word must be spoken aloud, and be ... Knapp, Mary - One Potato, Two Potato: The Folklore of American Children W. W. Norton & Company, 1978 (ISBN 0-393-09039-6) ... The exact origin of the superstition is unknown, though it was recorded in Notes and Queries as being said by children in 1909: ...
"Psychopath" (featuring Wooh da Kid) (produced with 808 Mafia and Sonny Digital) 10. "Bad Habits" (featuring Lil Reese & Que) 02 ... "Bad Habits" (featuring Lady Jade and Stay Murphy) 11. "Hella" 14. "Extra Grams" 17. "I Know I'm 5th Street" 08. "Home Town" ( ... "Child's Play" (produced with 40, Nineteen85 & Jordan Ullman) 08. "Who" (feat. Young Thug) (produced with DJ Esco) 16. " ... "Pull Up" (featuring Cap 1, Sy Ari da Kid, & Richie Wess) 03. "Enemies" 05. "All I Need" (featuring LA$W) 12. "1AM" 09. "Honest ...
Study habits. Proponents claim that assigning homework to young children helps them learn good study habits. Essentially, they ... The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About It by Sarah Bennett & Nancy Kalish ( ... African American and Caucasian Youth". Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 32 (2): 115-128. doi:10.1023/A:1021857801554.. ... The End of Homework: How Homework Disrupts families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning by Etta Kralovec and John Buell ...
The family lived in a large house, had three servants, and maintained European habits. The children had a classical education ... The two married and settled in Belo Horizonte, where they had three children: Igor, Dilma Vana, and Zana Lúcia (who died in ... President Dilma Rousseff signing a law that made abuse and sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime as ... The year before, in March 1976, she gave birth to her only child, daughter Paula Rousseff Araújo. After graduation, she got her ...
School children should also have access to education to begin lifelong healthy-eating habits. This opens up a pocket of ... What children choose to eat will affect their food choices at an older age.[35] In other words, what we eat as children is what ... This study focused on a particular demographic: children in school. The test subjects were 6th grade children and although the ... Targeting a younger subset is the best plan because to achieve full growth and reduce their risk of diseases, children must eat ...
"An app to help children choose healthy food". The Hindu Business Line. 28 December 2016. Cromwell Schubarth (31 May 2013). " ... Jude Sannith (3 March 2017). "Fooya: A Game For Healthy Food Habits". CNBC. Alexander Welz (24 April 2013). "Fooya". Health ... Craig A. Johnston, et al; Department of Pediatrics & Nutrition, Baylor College of Medicine Children's Nutrition Research Center ...
ISBN 978-1-571-81411-1. Flowers, W. H. (1956). "Habits, customs and relationships of the Australian Aboriginals". Journal of ... Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History. Berghahn Books. pp. 150- ...
Private businesses have also decided to make changes to improve healthy habits for kids. For example, Disney now requires that ... In children, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (or CDC) determine that a child is overweight if he/she is above ... Parents need to teach their children healthy habits. The following sections describe how organizations and businesses have ... Whether children's school lunches are based on the new nutrition guidelines suggested by the initiative, or children use ...
His habits are all strictly temperate and methodical. He is a man of great industry and activity of life. He retires to bed ... In his manners, he is kind and gentle, with the simplicity of a child. Seldom is he excited by anything, but there is in him a ... McBee's first child survived only two months, but his son Silas died at seventeen, a lost that prostrated McBee because they ... They had nine children, seven of whom survived to maturity. In 1806, he was partially, but permanently, lamed when he was ...
These initiatives are: Get Set 4 Life - Habits for Healthy Kid The Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden National Program Healthy ... Health, Department of (2 April 2009). "Health Active". Get Set for Life - Habits for Healthy Kids. Australian Government. ... and enhance human potential through evidence based interventions and research in maternal and child health, chronic disease, ...
McKeown, Keith C. (1963). Australian spiders : their lives and habits (2nd ed.). Angus & Robertson. p. 10. Clyne, Densey (1968 ... ISBN 978-0-17-000472-5. Child, John (1968). Australian Spiders. Melbourne: Landsdowne Press. p. 41. Whyte, Robert; Anderson, ...
Gibson was one of the many neighborhood children who had fallen ill after drinking beverages that they had been given during ... they frequently argued about her excessive spending habits. Despite Frank's best efforts to stop the financial bleeding, Marie ... By 1960 Audrey had two children, Mike and Carol. The marriage was in trouble. Despite Frank's well paying job and Marie's ...
Bad habits and bad company will ruin you." In 1983, Benavidez told the press that the Social Security Administration planned to ... He devoted his remaining years to the youth of America, speaking to them about the importance of staying in school and getting ... Robert Bellarmine Catholic Church, where he had married, where his three children were married, and where he attended Mass ... In 1976, Benavidez, his wife, and their three children returned home to El Campo, Texas. ...
Children. 2. Mary Astor (born Lucile Vasconcellos Langhanke; May 3, 1906 - September 25, 1987) was an American actress.[1][2] ... Soon unhappy with her marriage, Thorpe had a short temper and a habit of listing her faults, Astor wanted a divorce by 1933. At ... The child, a daughter, was named Marylyn Hauoli Thorpe: her first name combined her parents' names and her middle name is ... Astor was born in Quincy, Illinois, the only child of Otto Ludwig Langhanke (October 2, 1871 - February 3, 1943) and Helen ...
... todays children may be unprepared to handle the problems that can arise from the new financial world that we live in. ... The more on-demand our world becomes, the more difficult it is to teach children good money habits. Having regular, age ... Taking your child shopping at a brick and mortar retailer to review specific purchases may help your child to understand how to ... If a child sees mom or dad consistently making impulsive purchases that rely on debt, children may have a difficult time ...
When these patterns are repeated, they become habits. Helping your child learn good bedtime habits may help make going to bed a ... Infants - bedtime habits; Children - bedtime habits; Sleep - bedtime habits; Well child care - bedtime habits ... Helping your child learn good bedtime habits may help make going to bed a pleasant routine for you and your child. ... Using good eye contact, tell the child that you will open the door again when the child is in bed. If the child says he is in ...
Introducing a competitive edge at school meal times could increase the number of children eating fruit and vegetables by up to ... Harness childrens competitive streak to drive healthy eating habits. Introducing a competitive edge at school meal times could ... rom this September, children in Reception, Years 1 and 2 across England have been offered free school meals as part of the ... By using a different approach, we found that the proportion of children trying fruit and vegetables could be increased by up to ...
It has the following tips to encourage good eating habits in children: ... Teaching good nutrition and cooking at a young age builds good habits that will last a lifetime, says the Sugar Association. ... It has the following tips to encourage good eating habits in children:- Kids like familiar foods. Add a twist to favorite foods ... Giving children an alternative to a new dish will prevent having to cook something new if the child refuses to eat the new food ...
WebMD offers tips for teaching your kids about nutrition. ... Learning healthy eating habits at a young age can reap benefits ... Healthy Eating Habits for Your Child. By teaching your children healthy eating habits, and modeling these behaviors in yourself ... Your childs health care provider can evaluate your childs weight, height and explain their BMI and let you know if your child ... you can help your children maintain a healthy weight and normal growth. Also, the eating habits your children pick up when they ...
... of eating habits during the crucial first 1000 days of life and up to age 12 so that we can help children adopt healthy habits ... Our efforts have since expanded to include the diets and lifestyle habits of children aged 4-12 through our Kids Nutrition and ... Children can maintain healthy eating and lifestyle habits throughout their lives if theyre established early. Thats why were ... Why research childrens nutrition?. In many parts of the world, childrens diets dont meet dietary guidelines and ...
Model good eating habits.. - Let your child decide whether he wants to eat what you have prepared and how much he wants to eat. ... If your child doesnt want to eat breakfast, dont force her. If your child doesnt like broccoli, dont promise him it will ... The message here is that too much pressure on kids can make their eating habits worse. ... Actively persuading kids to eat confuses their natural self-regulation. It also complicates the parent-child dynamic, creating ...
Healthy eating is all about educating your child from an early stage about food. Here are some easy ways to help them love ... Help your child to know what good food is and what is unhealthy. Children tend to have a preference for certain foods and if ... Take your child along when you do grocery shopping and involve them in the preparation of meals. Its educational and will ... Healthy eating is all about educating your child from an early stage about food. Here are some easy ways to help them love ...
Healthy kids are more likely to become healthy adults. Be a role model and help your kids make safe and healthy choices every ... Be smoke-free, and protect your children from second hand smoke.. *Be a healthy role model. Show your child what it means to be ... Five Minutes or Less for Health Weekly Tip: Teach Kids Healthy Habits. ... Be active with your kids. Children and adolescents need a total of 60 minutes of physical activity every day. ...
The parents of the first group of 276 children were encouraged to change their kids´ viewing habits over six months by ... The families then kept diaries and answered surveys to track their children´s sleep and viewing habits. The questionnaires were ... "What happens once you watch a scary movie, you don´t stop thinking about it as a child," said Khatwa, who was not involved with ... Twenty-six percent of the children needed more than 20 minutes to fall asleep two to four times each week and 12 percent took ...
We all want to instill good habits in kids, but what does that look like when youre practicing positive parenting? Read on and ... Why do we want to instill good habits in kids? Why should good habits in kids even matter? And why is our effort an important ... Good Habits In Kids: Self-Care Starts Young. It almost makes us laugh as we type it-self-care for kids? When youre the mom? ... Good Habits In Kids Make Good Habits In Adults. And, though its way faster than wed like, our kiddos DO grow. For those of us ...
Mothers with many negative thoughts and feelings are more likely to give their children unhealthy food. This is shown in a ... Mothers who smoked daily, had a high BMI, had many children, had male child / children who went to nursery were less likely to ... First study of 18 month old childrens nutritional patterns. As well as being the first study to compare a childs diet with ... Childrens eating habits were categorised as "healthy" and "unhealthy". Data were cross-checked with information about the ...
Weve identified seven common household habits that could be having a negative impact on your childrens healthy eating habits ... Encouraging young children to eat healthily can feel like a constant battle for many parents. ... 7 habits that could hamper your childrens healthy eating. Establishing a healthy relationship with food is important from a ... How to break the habit: To stop food rewards, Natalia has two suggestions. First, do not worry if your child does not always ...
... acquired during a childs middle years may help predict the likelihood of having unhealthy cholesterol levels in early ... Unhealthy habits -- including packing on extra pounds and smoking -- ... Unhealthy habits -- including packing on extra pounds and smoking -- acquired during a childs middle years may help predict ... Source Reference: Magnussen C, et al "Factors affecting the stability of blood lipid and lipoprotein levels from youth to ...
As a child ages, it will become harder and harder for you to reach them. Making sure your child knows the consequences of bad ... For most people, having children is one of the biggest highlights of their life. While there are a number of joys that come ... Of course, some of these reasons can be personal - a special occasion, habit, outing with a loved one, or Friday evening. ... New research gives alcoholics another good reason to quit their drinking habit in 2018. Alcohol directly damages your DNA, and ...
Almost one-fourth of all children have some type of sleep problem. The problem can be caused by poor sleep habits or a medical ... Sleep problems are common among many children and teens and can affect their focus while at school, work or home. ... Almost one-fourth of all children have some type of sleep problem. The problem can be caused by poor sleep habits or a medical ... Child Passenger Safety: Car Seats and Booster Seats * Children at Risk for Self-Harm or Harm to Others: Home Safety Guidelines ...
... normal-weight children. Certainly parental influence -- and the examples parents ... A study published Wednesday reviewed 24 studies on parents influence on their childrens eating habits. The studies covered ... Parent-child correlations regarding caloric intake and fat consumption are weaker in the United States compared with other ... TV and children: Ads for fast food are up, ads for sweets and cookies are down. ...
Your Childs Favorite Cartoon May Influence His Eating Habits. By Caitlin St John ... But don't switch off your kids' cartoon programs just yet! The study also found that even when a child viewed an ... Here's more proof that the media influences children-and not always in a good way: A new first-of-its-kind study found ... Kids don't necessarily draw upon previous knowledge when they're making decisions, lead author Margaret C. Campbell ...
You will eventually have to help your child break the habit. Studies have shown that the use of a pacifier does not negatively ... If you have any questions or concerns about introducing a pacifier or your childs existing pacifier habits, talk to your ... but you may hear other people say you should be concerned about your childs pacifier habits. To make a fully informed decision ... Poll shows parents delaying first dental visits for children According to a poll, results show many parents delay their babys ...
Screen-time linked with unhealthy eating habits in children 2 July 2018. A new study has found that five and six-year-olds ... They are childrens first role models and they socialise their children into health behaviours based on their own beliefs, ... The study also revealed that children who ate meals in front of the TV and children who had a higher availability of energy- ... own tech and eating habits are influential to their youngsters behaviours.. The study, titled Clustering and correlates of ...
Getting Kids in the Habit of Healthy Eating Try making good food fun at home By Maura Hohman. HealthDay Reporter WEDNESDAY, ... Teach kids to eat slowly and with focus -- not in front of the TV. Theyll eat the right amount for their body and reduce their ... Have your kids help you in the kitchen with age-appropriate tasks. Even if they create a bit of a mess, theyll learn healthy ... Sometimes kids need to see a new food a few times, often next to a familiar one, before deciding that they like it. ...
Parents eating habits don t seem to influence their children s food choices as much as experts have thought, new research ... Parental Eating Habits Dont Rub Off on Kids. Print this page FRIDAY, June 5 -- Parents eating habits dont seem to influence ... Home › News › Consumer News › Parental Eating Habits Dont Rub Off on Kids ... Wang agreed that parents should aim to eat healthier themselves and encourage their children to follow similar habits. Schools ...
Teach your children good saving habits with these helpful tips. Making saving fun now may lead to financial freedom in the ... Teaching Your Children Good Saving Habits. Start with the savings basics-then look for teaching opportunities and lead by ... When saving money becomes part of a childs normal development, saving for the future is likely to become a habit. Early ... Children are eager to learn as they grow, so its important for parents to teach their children positive lessons about money ...
New research reveals that a mothers own eating habits have a direct influence on her childs eating habits i.e less ... New research reveals that a mothers own eating habits have a direct influence on her childs eating habits i.e less ... "Mothers who viewed their children as picky eaters may be more lax in encouraging the consumption of fruits and vegetables." The ... When mothers viewed their children as picky eaters - unwilling to try nonfamiliar foods - a decrease also was seen in the ...
... By Lorraine Heller ... In one study, children allergic to peanuts are being given tiny amounts of peanut flour to see if they can build up tolerance. ... Twenty years ago, for example, peanut butter was put out for all children in some away-from-home camps. Now, nut products will ... The Newsweek​ report confirms this, citing a study published in July, which found that even parents of kids with allergies are ...
  • I bet you will have a delicious, less-pressured 2017, and your children will be eating well, all on their own. (mercurynews.com)
  • According to recent figures from Ofcom , children aged three to four-years-old watched an average of 15 hours of television a week in 2017 (an increase of an hour from 2016) and five to seven-year-olds watched around 13-and-a-half hours a week (an increase from the previous year's 12-and-a-half hours). (lboro.ac.uk)
  • Adam and Stephanie told us that when we work on instilling good habits in kids with positive consequences and reinforcements, we're not only building great adult-life skills, but we're working on extinguishing challenging behaviors too. (mothering.com)
  • We know that sometimes emotional variances in youth will lead to a change in their eating and sleeping behaviors. (msu.edu)
  • Young children haven't had a real opportunity to develop a concrete preference in their likes and dislikes, as well as their behaviors, so it is easier to start them off on the right foot than it is to stop a bad habit later in life," says Lawrence Balter, a New York University child psychologist and author. (scoutingmagazine.org)
  • And although most kids' bad habits are developmentally related and disappear over time, behaviors that persist, are injurious or intensify should be addressed. (thechildrenstrust.org)
  • While harmful habits will call for a more immediate intervention, a wait-and-see approach can work in favor of less troubling behaviors. (thechildrenstrust.org)
  • Ignore any behavior that is not destructive to the child or others, and notice and verbally express behaviors you want to see demonstrated. (thechildrenstrust.org)
  • Timing of intervention is critical when a child exhibits these types of behaviors. (toothiq.com)
  • If your child doesn't like broccoli, don't promise him it will make him big and strong. (mercurynews.com)
  • One of the things that´s exciting for me is that if families want to make these changes, it doesn´t require going to the doctor´s office or going to a person´s home," said lead author Michelle Garrison, from Seattle Children´s Research Institute . (redorbit.com)
  • Instead, make them "once-in-a-while" foods, so kids don't feel deprived. (childrensdayton.org)
  • Teething may make your child irritable or fussy and may cause restlessness, drooling or loss of appetite. (colgate.com)
  • The communities of Dubuque, Mount Pleasant, West Union and Malvern are getting grants for a coordinated campaign promoting daily physical activity and helping kids make better choices about what they eat and drink. (radioiowa.com)
  • The exposure of children to social media platforms such as photo-sharing app Instagram could make the job even tougher for them, suggests a new study. (chennaionline.com)
  • It can be difficult for kids to understand the idea of invisible germs that can make them sick, so start explaining early on why sticking their finger in their nose is a bad idea. (lysol.com)
  • Keep tissues on hand and make your child use one whenever you catch them picking his nose or wiping it on the back of a hand. (lysol.com)
  • Explain that it's a habit most people find disgusting and rude and that it can spread germs that will make them sick. (lysol.com)
  • If kids are drinking four cups of milk a day, it s very healthy for them to make the change, Shield said, and both are equally nutritious, assuming they are fortified with vitamins A and D, as most are. (ohio.com)
  • Bicycling for a few minutes, 20 to 30 minutes of walk and playing outdoor games make the kids healthier and enthusiastic. (indiaparenting.com)
  • However, children who eat in front of the TV tend to make poorer food choices. (eatrightontario.ca)
  • Considering the evidence that already exists that a good breakfast is important to health , this is just one more reason to make sure children get a healthy breakfast every day. (mnn.com)
  • Make yourself a superhero of your kid. (harcourthealth.com)
  • It is going to take every level of our society working together to make the change happen that we want to see: every child having the chance to grow up healthy and fit. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Most children between the ages of three and six are able to brush their own teeth, but supervision is needed to make sure teeth are clean and that children don't swallow large amounts of toothpaste. (psu.edu)
  • Make sure your child gets some chill-out time. (coffscoastadvocate.com.au)
  • By imposing tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and limiting marketing of unhealthy foods to children, governments can lead in making it easier for children to make healthy choices," said lead author Steven Gortmaker , professor of the practice of health sociology at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). (healthcanal.com)
  • As you are juicing the fruits, make sure that children also drink the fruit pulp or you can use it to make some healthy desserts. (allayurveda.com)
  • 4. One of the best ways to make bed time fun is by reading a book with kids or talk to them about their day and narrating stories. (ndtv.com)
  • If you want your children to make healthy food choices almost instinctually, you have just a couple of years to give your kids the right message about what to eat to keep them healthy. (drgreene.com)
  • Make sure that your kids smell the aromas of the foods you want them to learn to like early in life. (drgreene.com)
  • Find at least one food from each food group that your child likes , and make sure it is readily available most of the time. (alberta.ca)
  • Your child sees the choices you make and follows your example. (alberta.ca)
  • It's something I try to make sure my kids know about, so they know how important sunblock and protecting the skin really is, especially with our family history. (leesvilledailyleader.com)
  • If you can make brushing a rewarding activity, children generally respond well to a type of structured system that involves positive reinforcement for good behavior. (absolutedental.com)
  • When at home, it's up to you to teach good oral hygiene and to make sure your child knows how important it is to listen to their dentist. (absolutedental.com)
  • Let your kids watch you floss and brush your teeth every day, and make it a point to talk about what you're doing and why it's necessary. (absolutedental.com)
  • Make it a habit to see the dentist regularly as well. (verywell.com)
  • Make sure your child knows it's non-negotiable. (verywell.com)
  • If a child sees mom or dad consistently making impulsive purchases that rely on debt, children may have a difficult time showing the restraint necessary to avoid adopting the same behavior as they grow. (nj.com)
  • While most children will be comfortable with the spending jar, take extra time highlighting the importance of saving and giving. (nj.com)
  • As children reach second or third grade, it is time to move from the jar to the vault by introducing bank accounts. (nj.com)
  • By age 4 months, your child might sleep for up to 6 to 8 hours at a time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Spend quiet time with your child by rocking, walking, or simple cuddling. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Give your child a warning when it is almost time for lights-out and sleep. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The study, titled Clustering and correlates of screen-time and eating behaviours among young children , was funded by the British Heart Foundation and conducted by Dr Natalie Pearson . (lboro.ac.uk)
  • Screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours are highly pervasive in young children and previous evidence suggests that these behaviours often co-occur and are associated. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • If you are looking to create habits, be sure they're ones that you want to cultivate and are okay with not giving up at a later time. (mothering.com)
  • It's important to remember, though, that acquiring good habits takes time. (mothering.com)
  • At the same time, there was no link between maternal personality and how healthy a diet the child got in the form of fruit and vegetables, explains psychologist Eivind Ystrøm at the NIPH. (scienceblog.com)
  • As well as being the first study to compare a child's diet with psychological and sociodemographic factors in the mother, this is also the first time that nutritional patterns in such young children are studied. (scienceblog.com)
  • However, that doesn't mean that your child will be ready to give up the pacifier when it's time to wean. (colgate.com)
  • Summer time often takes a toll on sleep habits. (psychcentral.com)
  • Going back to school can be a very exciting, fun, empowering time for youth. (msu.edu)
  • But it can also be a time where youth experience anxiety, fear, and restlessness. (msu.edu)
  • It can be a very exciting, fun, empowering time for youth. (msu.edu)
  • If we can teach kids how to create healthy habits for themselves," he says, "how to limit their screen time, the importance of eating five fruits and vegetables every day, this is where we get long-term return on that investment of effort. (radioiowa.com)
  • An effective way to get children exercising daily is by turning physical activity into family time. (scoutingmagazine.org)
  • If your children eat whenever they feel like it, they may not be hungry when it's time for a scheduled meal or snack. (eatrightontario.ca)
  • In the study, researchers found that targeting prevention tactics to small children who are overweight might not be effective because a higher-than-normal weight at age 5 serves as an accurate predictor of adult obesity only 50 percent of the time. (stanford.edu)
  • Additionally, spending time outside and playing results in other benefits for the child. (allayurveda.com)
  • All children should brush twice a day (after breakfast and before bed) and brush between 2-3 minutes each time. (raymondsheridandds.com)
  • This is something that is just used from time-to-time to see if your child is brushing properly. (raymondsheridandds.com)
  • Having a scheduled time to eat will ensure your kids are hungry at the right times. (thebraggingmommy.com)
  • Use dinner time to ask your child about their day and what they learned. (thebraggingmommy.com)
  • Nuts are a great alternative to something sweet and tend to keep your kids fuller for a longer period of time. (thebraggingmommy.com)
  • Setting a particular bed time for them is one of those habits. (ndtv.com)
  • This trick ensures that your kids go to sleep right in time, within 15 to 20 minutes. (ndtv.com)
  • Because such children spend a significant amount of time with objects between their front teeth, the back ones frequently erupt farther than normal (passive eruption). (toothiq.com)
  • Shamoon says if kids must have a treat with sugar, chocolate is a good choice, from a dental perspective, because it doesn't remain in the mouth and in contact with teeth for long periods of time, the way that suckers or hard candies do. (metroparent.com)
  • Kids tend to accept new foods gradually, and their preferences expand over time. (alberta.ca)
  • How do young children spend their time? (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Connelly R A, Duryea T K, Tran X G, Giardino A P. How Do Young Children Spend Their Time? (pediatriconcall.com)
  • If your kids see: "Mom is going for a run from 9am to 10am" they know that's not a good time to bother you. (avirtuouswoman.org)
  • A child who masters the ability to focus their attention for an extended period of time will experience the joy of completing tasks, hearing life-giving ideas and creating beautiful works of art. (theoldschoolhouse.com)
  • Teaching a young child to have good posture during lesson time will aide them in maintaining attention. (theoldschoolhouse.com)
  • Aim: This study was planned to determine the conditions related to sleep, fatigue, and impact on family in children with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who had cancer for the first time and children who had recurrent cancer. (scopemed.org)
  • Results: There was a statistically significant difference, in terms of PedsQL parent report total score (p=0.003), between the children who had cancer for the first time and children who had recurrence cancer, and the values of latter were higher. (scopemed.org)
  • When one also takes into account the uniquely human aspects of work habits, it is easy to see how people can lose the ability to work productively, if denied the ability to do so over time. (dorfonlaw.org)
  • Bed time habits need to be tailored to the age and taste of the child, brushing teeth, shower, bed time stories, reading by her/himself, warm milk etc. (healthtap.com)
  • Also, if your little one develops a taste for sweets as a baby, it will be harder to break that habit going forward, and you may have a harder time keeping those teeth clean. (absolutedental.com)
  • It could be something as simple as a star chart on a calendar where your kids get a sticker every time they brush their teeth before and after bed. (absolutedental.com)
  • You can get even more creative and offer little incentives every time your children remember to brush their teeth without having to be reminded, such as an extra bedtime story or getting a special pancake breakfast over the weekend. (absolutedental.com)
  • Too many sunburns boost the chance of skin cancer later in life, so it's imperative that your child applies sunscreen when spending time outside. (verywell.com)
  • Pacifiers - sucking is a normal part of development that is comforting to children well into their first years of life. (colgate.com)
  • Many children place fingers, thumbs, pacifiers or blankets in their mouths to provide them with a sense of emotional comfort and security. (toothiq.com)
  • If the child places blankets, pacifiers, or other objects in their mouth, eliminating the habit can often be achieved through a system of reminders and rewards, and the child should always be given an opportunity to eliminate the habit themselves before dental intervention is attempted. (toothiq.com)
  • What happens once you watch a scary movie, you don´t stop thinking about it as a child," said Khatwa, who was not involved with the new study. (redorbit.com)
  • In a longitudinal study of 539 Australian children ages 9 to 15, factors significantly associated with dyslipidemia 20 years later included body fat and cardiorespiratory fitness and participants' smoking habits, according to Costan G. Magnussen, PhD, of the University of Turku in Finland, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Here's more proof that the media influences children-and not always in a good way: A new first-of-its-kind study found that kids are actually more likely to consume unhealthy foods after viewing pudgy, 'egg-shaped' cartoon characters. (parents.com)
  • Study sample: A total of 415 children aged nine years. (diva-portal.org)
  • Conclusion: The present study of hearing, listening habits, and tinnitus in nine-year old children is, to our knowledge, the largest study so far. (diva-portal.org)
  • The study by professor Mildred Horodynski of Michigan State University's College of Nursing looked at nearly 400 low-income women (black and non-Hispanic white) with children ages 1-3 enrolled in Early Head Start programs. (medindia.net)
  • In one study, children allergic to peanuts are being given tiny amounts of peanut flour to see if they can build up tolerance. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Another study by scientists at King's College London has found that children are more likely to develop peanut allergies in countries where the avoidance of peanuts is recommended in early childhood - like the United States. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Men who have been smoking since their adolescence may increase the risk of their children to develop asthma, according to a new study. (medindia.net)
  • In the study, the researchers included more than 24,000 children and showed that both a father's early smoking debut and a father's longer smoking duration before conception increased non-allergic early-onset asthma in kids. (medindia.net)
  • The increased risk for adverse adult outcomes remained after accounting for childhood psychiatric status and other adversities, suggesting that parental incarceration is associated with profound and long-lasting effects for children," said study co-author William E. Copeland of the University of Vermont, who conducted the research while at Duke University of Sanford. (newkerala.com)
  • They noted that the study was conducted at the children's schools, which could represent a promising alternative to teach children healthy eating behaviours. (health24.com)
  • The present study aims to investigate the effect of digital environment on users' reading habits. (rclis.org)
  • n the article Encouraging healthy spine habits to prevent low back pain in children: An observational study of adherence to exercise [ authors Hill and Keating address the potential for habitualisation of a short daily exercise programme that draws much needed attention to factors that are thought to keep the spine healthy. (csp.org.uk)
  • That's the main finding of a new study that appears in the journal Child Development . (srcd.org)
  • During the study 176 children, aged between 9 and 11 years, were randomly split into three equal groups and were shown artificially created, but realistic, Instagram pages of popular vloggers (each has millions of followers). (weeklyvoice.com)
  • The result of the study revealed that mothers who encouraged their children, by setting an example for them, had children with healthier diets. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • This was a cross sectional observational study with 252 children of both sexes, between 30 and 48 months of age, attending a program of dental care for mothers and newborns. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The theoretical focus of the present study was children who were cared for under the Preventive Program for Pregnant Women and Babies, which is an outreach program that was developed by the Federal University of Piauí, with activities conducted at the Institute of Social Perinatology of Piauí. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The hypothesis guiding the present study was that infants who are exclusively breastfed only for a short period or who are not breastfed at all, exhibit a higher probability of developing non-nutritive sucking habits compared with infants who are exclusively breastfed for at least six months. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to associate the breastfeeding categories with harmful sucking habits in complete deciduous dentition in children enrolled in the Preventive Program for Pregnant Women and Babies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Material and Methods: The study included 74 children (41 girls, 33 boys) with a mean age of 8.11 3.77 years. (scopemed.org)
  • Dettol, the 77-year-old brand from the stable of Reckitt Benckiser, has started a year-long campaign to promote healthy habits amongst school children in the country. (afaqs.com)
  • These results indicate that oral habits can impact OHRQoL. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, orofacial dysfunctions were associated with worse OHRQoL in subjects with oral habits. (nih.gov)
  • Early weaning can cause changes in posture and strength of the phonoarticulatory organs, favoring the installation of undesirable oral habits. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Parent-child correlations regarding caloric intake and fat consumption are weaker in the United States compared with other countries. (latimes.com)
  • A diet with total fat at 25-30 percent of calories, saturated fat less than 10 percent of calories, and cholesterol intake less than 300 milligrams has been shown to reduce bad cholesterol in healthy children older than 2. (ohio.com)
  • This evidence summary explores the association between breakfast consumption, academic performance, body weight, nutrient intake and other lifestyle factors in children (2007). (ana.org.nz)
  • 5. You can opt for a little snack for your kids so their body is fueled throughout the night. (ndtv.com)
  • Hoerr also gave some additional parental tips, such as maintaining a regular meal and snack times, teaching kids to eat in smaller portions and letting the children decide how much they will eat. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • As a parent one of the hardest jobs is trying to get your children to brush their teeth and to do a good job of it. (harcourthealth.com)
  • Kids have low patience level, so making them brush their teeth for continuous two minutes is a challenge. (harcourthealth.com)
  • After children finish brushing their teeth, rinse toothbrushes with water. (psu.edu)
  • Hence, it is very important to follow healthy oral care habits in order to have healthy gums and teeth later. (gracenglamour.com)
  • These habits can result in irregular positioning of the teeth, and may negatively influence the development and positioning of the jaw bones, especially the upper jaw (maxilla). (toothiq.com)
  • Children may also habitually position the tongue against the front teeth (tongue thrusting), rather than resting it against the palate. (toothiq.com)
  • For example, thumb-sucking or pacifier use is often suspected if the child has forward-projecting front upper teeth and back teeth which are in crossbite (the lower teeth sit outside the uppers when closed together). (toothiq.com)
  • It may be necessary to place a habit appliance on the teeth of such children as a gentle reminder not to place fingers, thumbs, or other objects into their mouth. (toothiq.com)
  • If your child seems hesitant to brush her own teeth, let her try it out on your teeth. (verywell.com)
  • Children tend to have a preference for certain foods and if you introduce them to a variety they'll be challenged to think differently. (news24.com)