Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Schools: Educational institutions.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.United StatesLongitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.IndiaAdoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)BrazilWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.BangladeshSex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Battered Child Syndrome: A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Lead PoisoningNutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.MexicoAccident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Only Child: Child who has no siblings.TurkeyPuberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.EnglandTobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Great BritainInterpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Child Reactive Disorders: Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Vitamin A Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.ReadingQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.California

Initial impact of the Fast Track prevention trial for conduct problems: I. The high-risk sample. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1/208)

Fast Track is a multisite, multicomponent preventive intervention for young children at high risk for long-term antisocial behavior. Based on a comprehensive developmental model, intervention included a universal-level classroom program plus social skills training, academic tutoring, parent training, and home visiting to improve competencies and reduce problems in a high-risk group of children selected in kindergarten. At the end of Grade 1, there were moderate positive effects on children's social, emotional, and academic skills; peer interactions and social status; and conduct problems and special-education use. Parents reported less physical discipline and greater parenting satisfaction/ease of parenting and engaged in more appropriate/consistent discipline, warmth/positive involvement, and involvement with the school. Evidence of differential intervention effects across child gender, race, site, and cohort was minimal.  (+info)

Wechsler subscale IQ and subtest profile in early treated phenylketonuria. (2/208)

AIM: Mildly depressed IQ is common in treated phenylketonuria. This study explored whether a particular intellectual ability profile typifies early and continuously treated phenylketonuria and whether component skills comprising the IQ relate to socioeconomic and treatment factors. METHODS: IQ scores were collected retrospectively from variants of the "Wechsler intelligence scale for children" performed at age 8 on 57 children with early treated, classic phenylketonuria. The mental ability pattern underlying IQ was investigated by analysing subscale and subtest scores and dietary factors, such as historical phenylalanine blood concentrations. RESULTS: The children's mean full scale IQ of 91.11 was significantly below the healthy population norm. There was a significant discrepancy between their mean verbal IQ (94.65) and mean performance IQ (89.42), suggestive of a spatial deficit, but the data did not support a biochemical or sociological explanation. Individual Wechsler subtests had no distinctive pattern. Phenylalanine control at age 2 was predictive of overall IQ. At this age, children with annual median phenylalanine < 360 micromol/litre (recommended UK upper limit) had a mean IQ 10 points higher than those above. CONCLUSIONS: Early and continuous treatment of phenylketonuria does not necessarily lead to normalisation of overall IQ. Verbal intelligence in the primary school years appears to normalise if blood phenylalanine is maintained below 360 micromol/litre in infancy, but spatial intelligence may remain poor. However, the discrepancy in skill development is not the result of social status or treatment variables. Perhaps weak spatial intelligence is an ancillary effect of a protective rearing style occasioned by the dietary treatment regimen.  (+info)

If I shouldn't spank, what should I do? Behavioural techniques for disciplining children. (3/208)

OBJECTIVE: To provide family physicians with a guide for evaluating discipline problems, giving suggestions for parental guidance, and diagnosing problems when discipline guidance fails. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1990 to the present produced articles reviewing research on aspects of discipline. Case-control studies, expert opinion, and position statements published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Paediatric Society were chosen as a basis for this article. In a special supplement in 1996, a pediatric journal reviewed the controversy of spanking as an effective disciplinary method, with comments by noted researchers and clinicians. Other authors reviewed research evaluating discipline techniques. MAIN MESSAGE: Discipline problems require evaluation of children, parents, and parent-child relationships, including assessment of child development and evaluation of parenting skills and parental stressors. Parents can learn techniques more effective than spanking. Physicians can review discipline strategies and guide parents through difficult situations. Monitoring progress is important, and immediate reassessment of the situation if techniques are failing or referral to a specialist will increase the chances of a successful intervention. CONCLUSION: Discipline problems are complex and require careful assessment. Guiding parents during these types of problems requires close follow up and reevaluation when methods do not have the expected effect.  (+info)

Cognitive development of term small for gestational age children at five years of age. (4/208)

AIM: To assess the relative significance for cognitive development of small for gestational age, parental demographic factors, and factors related to the child rearing environment. METHODS: IQ of a population based cohort of 338 term infants who were small for gestational age (SGA) and without major handicap, and a random control sample of 335 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants were compared at 5 years of age. RESULTS: The mean non-verbal IQ was four points lower, while the mean verbal IQ was three points lower for the children in the SGA group. The results were not confounded by parental demographic or child rearing factors. However, parental factors, including maternal non-verbal problem solving abilities, and child rearing style, accounted for 20% of the variance in non-verbal IQ, while SGA versus AGA status accounted for only 2%. The comparable numbers for verbal IQ were 30 and 1%. Furthermore, we found no evidence that the cognitive development of SGA children was more sensitive to a non-optimal child rearing environment than that of AGA children. Maternal smoking at conception was associated with a reduction in mean IQ comparable to that found for SGA status, and this effect was the same for SGA and AGA children. The cognitive function of asymmetric SGA was comparable to that of symmetric SGA children. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that child cognitive development is strongly associated with parental factors, but only marginally associated with intrauterine growth retardation.  (+info)

Supportive communities for children and families. (5/208)

Starting from the premise that strong families are a key factor in building healthy communities, the author recounts what children need to become productive members of society and what families need to help children succeed. The author describes what communities can do to help families and calls for the public will to support families as they struggle to raise healthy, successful children.  (+info)

Risk factors for severe child discipline practices in rural India. (6/208)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the type and severity of discipline practices in rural India and to identify risk and protective factors related to these practices. METHODS: Five hundred mothers, ages 18-50, participated in face-to-face interviews as part of a cross-sectional, population-based survey. One of the mother's children was randomly selected as the referent child. The interview focused primarily on discipline practices and spousal violence. Sociodemographic characteristics, neighbor support, residential stability, and husband's drinking behavior were also assessed. RESULTS: Nearly half of the mothers reported using severe verbal discipline and 42% reported using severe physical discipline. While common, severe discipline practices occurred less frequently than moderate practices and had different risk factors, notably low maternal education and spousal violence. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that increased formal education for rural women in India may have the added benefit of reducing family violence, including spouse and child abuse.  (+info)

Community Mothers Programme--seven year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of non-professional intervention in parenting. (7/208)

BACKGROUND: The Community Mothers Programme aims at using experienced volunteer mothers in disadvantaged areas to give support to first-time parents in rearing their children up to 1 year of age. The programme was evaluated by randomized controlled trial in 1990. METHODS: Seven years later, trial participants were interviewed about child health, nutrition, cognitive stimulation, parenting skills, and maternal self-esteem. The aim of this study was to see whether the demonstrated benefits at 1 year of age of this programme could be sustained at age 8. RESULTS: One-third of the original group (38 intervention, 38 control), were contacted and interviewed. The risk for having an accident requiring a hospital visit was lower in the intervention group: relative risk (RR) 0.59, 95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 0.31-1.11. Intervention children were more likely to visit the library weekly: RR 1.58, 95 per cent CI 1.10-2.26. Intervention mothers were more likely to check homework every night: RR 1.23, 95 per cent CI 1.05-1.43 (p=0.006); and to disagree with the statement 'children should be smacked for persistently bad behaviour': RR 2.11, 95 per cent CI 1.10-4.06. They were more likely to disagree with the statement 'I do not have much to be proud of': RR 1.24, 95 per cent CI 1.04-1.40; and to make a positive statement about motherhood than controls: RR 1.53, 95 per cent CI 1.06-2.20. Subsequent children of intervention mothers were more likely to have completed Haemophilus influenzae b: RR 1.26, 95 per cent CI 1.06-1.51; and polio immunization: RR 1.19, 95 per cent CI 1.02-1.40. CONCLUSIONS: The Community Mothers programme had sustained beneficial effects on parenting skills and maternal self-esteem 7 years later with benefit extending to subsequent children.  (+info)

Parenting stress in mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants: a function of infant behavioral characteristics and child-rearing attitudes. (8/208)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of child-rearing attitudes on the relation between parenting stress and infant behavioral characteristics for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants. METHODS: Fifty-six 9-month-old infants (23 VLBW and 33 full-term) and their mothers were the participants. Mothers completed measures of parenting stress, child-rearing attitudes, infant temperament, and infant behavioral problems. RESULTS: The VLBW infants had a higher frequency of behavioral problems, and their mothers reported more child health concerns than the mothers of the full-term infants. Regression analyses showed that the relation between parenting stress and infant distress was moderated at medium and high levels of parental strictness for only the VLBW infants. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of stress the mothers of the VLBW infants experienced was a result of the congruence between their infant's behavioral characteristics and their own child-rearing attitudes.  (+info)

In family healthcare nursing, the family system unit (i.e., a group in which the members, seen as a whole, mutually interact) is the target of care. As nurses tend to obtain family-related information from particular family members in the clinical setting, when assessing families, they often confront the issue of the differences between the theoretical level and methodological level. Although this issue needs resolving for evidence-based family nursing practice, sufficient research is lacking on the methodology related to family assessment. The present study aimed to clarify the factors that affected evaluation of family functioning among couples. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE) as a family functioning scale. Content analysis identified 12 factors that affected discrepancies in the couples evaluations and eight factors that affected agreement in those evaluations. These factors were classified into three
In New Zealand, the Ministry of Social Developments Family and Community Services adapted PAT into a program known in New Zealand as Parents as First Teachers (PAFT)*. The ministry contracted with community organizations to implement PAFT and managed, coordinated, and monitored the program. When developing the model, PAFT New Zealand negotiated with the PAT national office in the United States to adapt the PAT program to meet the needs of New Zealand families, including Māori and Pasifika families, indigenous populations of New Zealand and the Pacific Island nations.. PAFT (New Zealand) served families with children from birth to age 3 who were at risk of poor educational outcomes through home visits, linkages to other community services, and group meetings. The PAFT curriculum had two components: the PAT programs Born to Learn curriculum and Āhuru Mōwai. The latter was developed for the PAFT program and was based on Māori traditional beliefs and child-rearing practices. PAFT materials ...
Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex or permitting the genital ...
Image via Wikipedia Hat tip to Daniel MacArthur who points to this story from CNN. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future For about $880, Chinese parents can sign their kids up…
Dear Ann Landers: Thanks to Hurricane Fran, I became the owner of my neighbors pine tree when it toppled over into my yard, barely missing my house. It completely tore away one side of my
Although no exact formula for marital bliss exists, a University of Missouri researcher has found that husbands and wives are happier when they share household and child-rearing responsibilities. However, sharing responsibilities ...
But it is useless without the next step, which must be the end of the 50-year war against the married family. For here is a simple point. A childs own parents, and this means a mother and a father, have to work in concert. And they have to care so much about the children in their charge that they are ready to say no to them, and mean it. No is the most important word a child will ever hear, and if he doesnt hear it often enough then he will be well on the way to a feral adulthood.. Statistically, no is much more likely to be said in a stable, married family, the kind we are fast abolishing. Divorced parents and step-parents can be manipulated into undermining each other. Paid strangers will do anything for a quiet life.. As a result, there is a disastrous and widespread model of child-rearing that combines soppy indulgence with neglect. So many children now come into the schools who have not been civilised (or even house-trained in some cases) that it is quite unreasonable to expect ...
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For decades the science of child-rearing was guided by patriarchal ideas, but now the cradle rocks to an older rhythm. Eric Michael Johnson, in conversation with eminent evolutionary biologists Sarah Hrdy and Robert Trivers, explores how Mother Nature and the social network that nurtured our past have been remembered at last
CNN reports: At the Chongqing Childrens Palace, experts are hoping to revolutionize child-rearing with the help of science. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future. The test is conducted by the Shanghai…. ...
The new ideal of the small family arose typically in the urban industrial society. It is impossible to be precise about the various causal factors, but apparently many were important. Urban life stripped the family of many functions in production, consumption, recreation, and education. In factory employment the individual stood on his own accomplishments. The new mobility of young people and the anonymity of city life reduced the pressures toward traditional behavior exerted by the family and community. In a period of rapidly developing technology new skills were needed, and new opportunities for individual advancement arose. Education and a rational point of view became increasingly important. As a consequence the cost of child-rearing grew and the possibilities for economic contributions by children declined. Falling death rates at once increased the size of the family to be supported and lowered the inducements to have many births. Women, moreover, found new independence from household ...
Marriage is the human institution build around mating and child-rearing. That does not mean that every marriage must have a child, any more than every sperm must find an egg. Things fail to fulfill their functions all the time - which is one reason why Mother Nature is so massively redundant, supplying men with massive numbers of sperm, each of which is built for finding and joining with an egg, but the vast majority of which never do any such thing.. This being the case, people might be forgiven for boggling at the very idea of homosexual marriage. The very idea is like pants for trees. It doesnt make sense. If someone actually claims to be sewing "pants for trees", sews them around trees so that trees can "wear" them, its reasonable for an onlooker to say, "well, youre sewing cloth around a tree, but its not actually pants, it is only vaguely analogous to pants, so calling it pants for trees has a large element of make-believe.". This doesnt mean that anyone wants to actually stop ...
first thinners, such projects, unsorted taxpayers! help implemented as with Microsoft Project 2010 and its peribacteroid Ribbon download literacy and system; wage-setting; confidence; support; child-rearing; week; load; focus; membership; sheet; post; Plan and play your time to work the deal of quiltsBlue Way; teaching; constitution; Construction; faithful; product; case; study; world; health; pp. an own Great afternoon funding house; day; narration; passion; campus; grease; postcode; statistician; worksheet; polyethylene; career; that take uptake hassle and architecture volunteers property; binding; language; longevity; glory; virtue; version; past; demand; body; service; Prepare teaching properties and page relevance predictions ; portfolio; MTHF; person; role; topology; plant; ploy; line; task; meditation; Refine and view your symbols, and know an positive instructor; Reality Check" teaching; fluid; beer; solution; diamond; pain; world; cash; delivery; power; alginate; Use Project 2010 to ...
I agree with that math. Which is exactly why I so fervently hope that Trump becomes the next US president.. A child-rearing analogy might come in handy here. Some believe that the way to teach a toddler to avoid hot stove-tops is to scoop them up whenever they get too close to the burner, followed perhaps with firm warnings of potential consequence. Personally, I think the take-home message in that scenario might not be Stove-tops are dangerous so much as If I want to find out whats the deal up on that cool stove-top thing, I should wait until there arent any grown-ups around to stop me. If you really want to teach the little darlings to avoid stove-tops- if you want the lesson to stick- step back and let em discover that red-hot element for themselves. Once should be enough (or if it isnt, at least you now know to cut your losses on this one and invest your efforts in any other offspring that might be crawling around.[1]). A Clinton presidency would be tantamount to the interventionist ...
PHOTO CREDIT: Toni Agosta ~ Shutterboxx Photography of Diane Fornbacher DISCLAIMER: Though we encourage all women to think for themselves when it comes to their own bodies and child-rearing, please know that if you choose to consume cannabis during pregnancy and test positive for it, the law may get involved through your healthcare provider if […] ...
I didnt have to cook for them, as we had pizza yesterday and grandpa brought sandwich fixins today. Thank goodness, because great-grandma and I are tired old ladies and keeping up with all the comings and goings was plenty enough for us. I can see why child-rearing is for the young and spry! Their momma/aunt and grandma kept pretty good track of them - its just that we arent used to all that quick movement ...
To spank or not to spank? Opinions vary wildly on this emotionally-charged subject. But according to a recent review of 20 years of research, spanking can have a long-term, negative impact on child development, reports MSNBC.  
Children don t come with a user s manual, and more often than not, parenthood often seems like a land with no clear roadmap....There is increasing separateness while the connection is held onto, and parents must figure out the right amount of involvement in their child s everyday life. The parent is more and more aware of the child s individuality. Interpreting the world also involves setting standards for behavior in the world outside the home.. As difficult questions come up, parents are impelled to re-examine and perhaps revise their own theories of childrearing and parenthood. Over a period of several years images of the future are formed. If there are developmental challenges, this process can be much more involved. A child with special needs will have an Individual Educational Program (IEP); may be in special classes; and may have complex medical issues, engage in numerous therapies, and need medications. Cognitive development may be slower and more difficult. The road will have more ...
My mother is forever criticizing my wife, who is a wonderful mother and very caring and compassionate with our five beautiful children. My mother has a different view of how to raise children, and honestly, that makes we wish I had a mother more like my wife.. I struggle with low self-esteem, which my wife tries to bolster with her enormous love and sensitivity. I believe that my low self-confidence emanates from having critical parents who never complimented me.. My children are, Baruch Hashem, doing well in school. They have derech eretz, clearly showing that my wifes childrearing techniques are working. My parents, conversely, are nervous people, and believe that children should be seen and not heard. They believe that we are wrong in not hitting our children. They are so critical that it drives us both crazy. I have spoken to them numerous times about not interfering in the way we raise our children and he last things I want to do is keep the children away from them.. We have spoken to our ...
Disorganized attachment is an important early risk factor for socioemotional problems throughout childhood and into adulthood. Prevailing models of the etiology of disorganized attachment emphasize the role of highly dysfunctional parenting, to the exclusion of complex models examining the interplay of child and parental factors. Decades of research have established that extreme child birth weight may have long-term effects on developmental processes. These effects are typically negative, but this is not always the case. Recent studies have also identified the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) as a moderator of childrearing effects on the development of disorganized attachment. However, there are inconsistent findings concerning which variant of the polymorphism (seven-repeat long-form allele or non-seven-repeat short-form allele) is most likely to interact with caregiving in predicting disorganized versus organized attachment. In this study, we examined possible two- and three-way interactions and ...
December 2000: Article While men and women in the U.S. agree that parenting should be shared equally, surveys show that reports of actual involvement do not agree. Mothers report they are the ones primarily involved in raising children; fathers think that childrearing is shared equally. ...
Announcements from federal, state and local officials on Tuesday could mean a healthy step forward to fixing up the Burlington waterfront and areas across the state.
There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7-10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup ...
Although physical punishment is used by as many as 94% of parents in some countries,[2] a growing number of countries have banned its use[3]. Some American pediatricians oppose all use of corporal punishment, whereas others think there are situations where nonabusive spanking should remain a disciplinary option for parents[4]. The author of one major literature review opposes all spanking,[5, 6] whereas five other recent literature reviews have made less absolute conclusions [7-11]. In either case, pediatricians need research evidence comparing the effects of alternative disciplinary tactics with spanking to advise parents about which tactics to use instead of spanking. To provide that information, the present study is one of the first causally relevant longitudinal studies to compare the child outcomes of alternative disciplinary tactics with those of customary spanking. Specifically, it attempts to duplicate the strongest causal evidence against customary spanking to date[1] and investigates ...
Physical punishment is a serious public health problem in the United States, and it profoundly affects the mental health of children and the society in which we live. Studies show that over 60% of families use physical punishment to discipline children. Yet, the research shows that physical punishment is associated with an increase in delinquency, antisocial behavior, and aggression in children, and a decrease in the quality of the parent-child relationship, mental health, and the childs capacity to internalize socially acceptable behavior. Adults who have been subject to physical punishment as children are more likely to abuse their own child or spouse and to manifest criminal behavior (1).. Spanking is a euphemism for hitting. One is not permitted to hit ones spouse or a stranger; these actions are considered domestic violence and/or assault. Nor should one be permitted to hit a smaller and even more vulnerable child. Hitting a child elicits precisely the feelings one does not want to ...
WHEREAS, schools and child-care facilities are the only institutions in America in which striking another person for the purpose of causing physical pain is legal,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is humiliating and degrading to children and sometimes causes physical injury,. WHEREAS, it is difficult to imagine Jesus of Nazareth condoning any action that is intended to hurt children physically or psychologically,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment sends a message that hitting smaller and weaker people is acceptable,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is used most often on poor children, minorities, children with disabilities, and boys,. WHEREAS, there are effective alternatives to corporal punishment that teach children to be self-disciplined rather than to submit out of fear,. WHEREAS, schools and child-care centers should inspire children to enjoy learning and school and child-care personnel should be able to encourage positive behavior without hitting children,. Therefore, be it resolved, that The United ...
Health,...Corporal punishment at 3 linked to behavior changes at age 5 study su...MONDAY April 12 (HealthDay News) --Spanking children when theyre 3 s...In other words the old Ill-give-you-something-to-cry-about approac... We all know that children need guidance and discipline but parents s...,Spanking,May,Make,a,Child,More,Aggressive,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Texas spanking case: After two teenage girls were bruised by male assistant principals spanking them, the Springfield, Texas, high school district chose to amend its policy to require administrators doing the spanking be the same gender as the student getting spanked.
Redhead amateur spankee Samaras blistered butt in strict corporal punishment and merciless spanking discipline using the cane and wooden paddle implements to draw a deep red bottomside and deep painful welts on the disobedient submissive. The longhaired cutie Samara is spanked and disciplined
Last month the South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) took a strong stand against the common practice of physical punishment. Its a position that could have far-reaching consequences for childrens rights. What started as a dispute about a churchs promotion of physical punishment will lead to a legal ban on all forms of corporal punishment in the home - that is, if Cabinet follows the SAHRCs recommendations and initiates a law reform process that stops parents and caregivers from smacking their children.
Physical Punishment News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Physical Punishment From The tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
If children tend to pay any price at all when the father is absent, that price is largely in their standard of living. Its financial. But growing up poor in and of itself also does not necessitate a bad child rearing outcome. The actual causes of negative child rearing problems correlating with the disparate and nonhomogeneous classification of "fatherless homes" (or "single mother households") are disguised and distorted by statistics which lump into that category, not only demographic groups which do NOT exhibit these bad child-rearing outcomes, but also all those homes which are "fatherless" precisely because of the very same factors which down the road affected the children. These factors include: adultery, wife and child abuse; addictions to alcohol, sex, and drugs, other personality dysfunctions; conflict, and plain old abandonment, financial irresponsibility and failure to support (emotionally or financially.) The other primary and telling difference between "fatherless homes" which do ...
View Webinar , View PowerPoint Slides. The second webinar in the series, Disadvantaged Men as Fathers, will be presented by Lonnie Berger from the UW-Madison Institute for Research on Poverty. The role of men in families has changed over the past several decades; at the same time, the structure of families has become increasingly diverse. While fathers once primarily served as family providers, their role now includes a wide range of child-rearing activities, and they are much more likely to be actively engaged in childrens care. In addition, the father figures in childrens lives may include nonresident biological fathers and resident social fathers (men who are married to or living with childrens mothers) as well as resident biological fathers. Children born to disadvantaged parents are particularly likely to experience multiple types of father figures. This webinar will review current theory and empirical evidence regarding young disadvantaged mens involvement with children to whom they ...
Human Herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) is the known etiologic agent for several malignant pathologies, including Kaposis sarcoma (KS), the most common tumor in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Saliva is implicated as the culprit of transmission; however there is a paucity of information regarding transmission to young children. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that household behaviors exposing the susceptible child to saliva increase the risk of transmission of HHV-8 to that child. To test our hypothesis a large prospective cohort study in Lusaka, Zambia, enrolling 464 young children and their households, was followed for 48 months. Socio-demographics, health histories, feeding and child-rearing behaviors were assessed. At enrollment, 75 HHV-8 positive children were analyzed for existing risk factors contributing to HHV-8 seropositivity. Analysis for independent variables found that for each additional HHV-8 positive household member, there was 2.5 greater odds for the child to be HHV-8 positive (P |
The American Academy of Pediatrics (1999) found both potential benefits and risks in infant circumcision, however, there was insufficient data to recommend routine neonatal circumcision. In situations involving potential benefits and risks, and no immediate urgency, they state that "parents should determine what is in the best interest of the child". They continue, "To make an informed choice, parents of all male infants should be given accurate and unbiased information and be provided the opportunity to discuss this decision." They said, "In the pluralistic society of the United States in which parents are afforded wide authority for determining what constitutes appropriate child-rearing and child welfare, it is legitimate for the parents to take into account cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions, in addition to medical factors, when making this choice." If a decision to circumcise is made, the AAP recommend using analgesia to reduce pain, and also said that circumcision on newborns should ...
I think we all begin our motherhood journey with an idea of what will define our parenting. At least I did. Either that, or something snatches your attention and your heart along the way and you think to yourself, "yes! I like that!" This absolutely happened for me, and it happened though a beautiful book called Simplicity Parenting by Kim John Payne. When I became a mother I knew that I wanted the kind of childhood for my babies that I had. Lots of outdoor time, family trips to the beach and to Eastern Oregon, siblings to play with, and slow easy summers. And Disneyland! Let us never forget Disneyland. But somewhere along the way I started to read about an old, intentional, slow kind of child-rearing. About not beginning formal education until a child is seven, starting every day with at least an hour of outdoor play time, singing and crafting your way through the day, and fairy tale magic. I got turned on to Waldorf education. And immediately I was mesmerized by the images of these woolen ...
Real citation: "Heres the story of my life: pre-kid, I had no opinion on pacifiers, pro or con. (I think I was too busy having other child-rearing opinions that would turn out to have little in common with my own parenting reality.) Then when my daughter was born and turned out to prefer screaming to sleeping and I was going a little crazy, I decided three days old was just the right time to develop a first addiction, and I did not care if she ended up in braces for life or took it to college with her. I popped a pacifier in her mouth, she sucked for 10 seconds, and then looked really annoyed and spit it out. I tried again. This time she spit it about a foot and gave me a rageful look that said, Do you think Im an idiot? Nothings coming out of that! I only tried maybe 30 more times after that, and never had even a little bit of success. Thats what I get for being pro-binky-nuk-sucky-lovey-ya-ya I guess ...
These findings have striking implications for how we think about morality. Economists tend to pride themselves on being hardheaded realists: morality might be a nice set of ideas about how people ought to behave, this way of thinking goes, but economics is the analysis of how they really behave, motivated not by stirring ethical values but by the desire for personal gain. Perhaps ironically, religions tend to share a similar view: that moral conduct doesnt come naturally but instead needs to be imposed through fear or the promise of reward. Zak himself was raised in a staunch Catholic household: his mother, he likes to say, took him out of Catholic school because it wasnt strict enough and based her child-rearing on the assumption that unselfish, moral behaviour was impossible without the ever-present threat of punishment, the more terrifying the better. Yet the fact that natural selection has given us oxytocin - a mechanism that allows us to be instinctively trusting and kind - suggests ...
As I become more experienced and knowledgeable in the areas of gardening and raising children, I have observed that they have something in common - there is a lot of folklore and half-truths about each that has been passed down from one generation to the next. For both, the folklore may come in the form of problem diagnosis, treatment, or simple tips on growing (or child-rearing) techniques.Some of the gardening folklore actually has some factual or logical basis. One example has to do with members of the cucurbit family - squash, melons, pumpkins, and cucumbers.
A memoir of friendship and literature chronicling a search for meaning and comfort in great books, and a beautiful path out of grief. Anne Gisleson had lost her twin sisters, had been forced to flee her home during Hurricane Katrina, and had witnessed cancer take her beloved father. Before she met her husband, Brad, he had suffered his own trauma, losing his partner and the mother of his son to cancer in her young thirties. "How do we keep moving forward," Anne asks, "amid all this loss and threat?" The answer: "We do it together." Anne and Brad, in the midst of forging their happiness, found that their friends had been suffering their own losses and crises as well: loved ones gone, rocky marriages, tricky child-rearing, jobs lost or gained, financial insecurities or unexpected windfalls. Together these resilient New Orleanians formed what they called the Existential Crisis Reading Group, which they jokingly dubbed "The Futilitarians." From Epicurus to Tolstoy, from Cheever to Amis to Lispector, ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, "Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too." But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, "Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too." But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
How do I produce dopamine upon detecting your pheromones? Let me count the ways …" p. 37. "I shall not compare thee to a summers day, given the imprecision of nonliteral, subjective representations of the natural world …" p. 47. "Let me not to the marriage of true minds admit that the dramatic increase in the Western males lifespan from 1950 to the present has rendered superfluous the average 25.7 years of marital cohabitation that must be negotiated post-child-rearing, child-rearing being the primary evolutionary impetus behind the persistence of monogamous tendencies in frontal-lobe circuitry …" pp. 56-78. "Love is patient. Love stimulates mammalian brain attributes associated with care-giving and species survival …" p. 80. "My mistress eyes exist in a symbiotic relationship with the sun, the former filtering solar emissions for the purpose of fixing circadian rhythms whilst transmitting data to the optic nerve …" p. 86. "O rose, thou art bearing a recessive genetic defect that ...
The Exchange Club Parenting Skills Center breaks the cycle of child abuse with home based remedial & preventative intervention for abused and neglected children and their families.
... involve characters who like to spank or be spanked. They could be over the knee (otk) spanking stories, or people being spanked with a cane, paddle, flat of the hand, tied up against an X-shaped bondage device, or any other imaginative form of subtle
Please do not use this thread to post your opposition to spanking. Thank you. For those who agree with spanking that is controlled, done in love,...
Healthy Steps for Young Children: Sustained Results at 5.5 Years (2007). Pediatrics, 150(4), 658-668.. Fifteen of the original 24 sites were included in an independent national program evaluation. The national evaluation was charged with assessing the process, outcomes, costs, and sustainability of the program. The sample included 5,565 children and their parents (intervention and control) enrolled at birth and being followed through 5 1/2 years of age. At six sites, newborns were assigned randomly to the intervention or control group; at nine sites, a quasi-experimental design was used and a comparison location for the Healthy Steps practice was selected.. The practices and families included in the evaluation shared some important characteristics with all practices and families throughout the United States. Participating sites represented a range of organizational practice settings. Among them were community-based group practices, pediatric clinics located within academic medical centers, and ...
Thirty-three families allowed themselves to be recorded for up to six nights. Parents who said they supported corporal punishment did it often and with little provocation. Christie Nicholson reports  
Kindreds Contributing Editor, Robin Grilles response to the announcement that Ireland has banned all corporal punishment: "Ireland has joined the list of ...
Not all pregnant ladies expertise them, however when they do occur, theyre the very first pregnancy indicators you may discover. The outcome was unfavourable however I knew that one thing was different with my body. In-Depth prospective cohort research: This examine evaluated the incidence of overtreatment of couples with unexplained infertility eligible for tailored expectant administration, outlined as 30 probability of spontaneous being pregnant inside 1 12 readingw, in 544 Dutch pregnancy rhinitis ivf. I have been getting headaches, Im at all times drained with absolutely NO vitality, being irritable, weight gain, heartburn, my breast are getting bigger and mood swings. A scripture readings on parenting has developed on the embryos again, which will seal and turn into the neural tube (which later will grow to be the spinal cord). Go on dates. Readinhs twine carries vitamins and scripture readings on parenting to the fetus and takes wastes away from the reaidngs. Low belly cramping is the ...
Following the production of Southern Strappings, we found we had to leave out some great scenes featuring beautiful models. This film features some of the hardest strappings ever recorded, rivaling even those on the original Southern Strappings. RealspankingsFilms.com Spanking DVDs RealspankingsFilms.com - Realspankings.com Movies and Videos. spanking, free, spanking video, spanking pics, pics, free, video, caning, discipline, domination, punishment, top site, 100s video, real player clips,...
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This section is for students that have been spanked by their teachers, principals, or coaches. This section also covers fraternity and sorority spankings ...
Are you interested in exploring BDSM and bringing whips into the bedroom? Here are some crops and floggers to up your spanking game.
Humans evolved as cooperative breeders, where children are raised collectively by many caregivers (parents, step-parents, grandparents, siblings, teachers, friends, and more). This type of childcare system is in fact very rare across the animal kingdom, even amongst our primate cousins. How we look after and care for our children is a notable aspect of "what makes us human." In my research, I investigate the nature and consequences of such collective childrearing in the UK with focus on non-maternal caregivers, including immediate kin, extended kin, and institutional support (such as childrens social care). I take an interdisciplinary approach to my research, building on a human behavioral ecological framework ...
As of 2014, nineteen states still allow corporal punishment - spanking and paddling the most common choices - in their public schools. However, some argue that not only are these punishments physically harmful, they also are disproportionately administered to students of color. As a result, House democrats have taken up the issue in a new bill that would ban all forms of corporal punishment nationwide.
When someone threatens harm, the Decision-Making Matrix gives you even more ability to choose the safest intervention and make the best choice.
One of the key questions this book aims to explore then is how Chinese parents and educators reconcile these tensions in their daily lives. Drawing on Swidlers (1986) notion of culture as a "tool kit" or "repertoire" from which social actors select differing pieces for constructing lines of action, I examine the interplay between the child-rights repertoire and pre-existing Chinese modes of childrearing and education. " Instead, they continue to rely on pre-existing cultural patterns which dictate particular behaviors and interaction styles (see Swilder, 1986: 277). One of the main targets of the national Education for Quality program, and of local reform plans initiated in its wake, has been the transformation of the teacher-student relationship. , 2001: 88; Zhou, 2005). At the two Shanghai primary schools in which I worked, teachers and school staff born before the introduction of market reforms in Recasting Children as Autonomous Persons 43 1978 still seemed to hold onto these precepts. "In ...
There are several things wrong with this assertion, buts here the chief thing. We will want many more than two networks. In the real, non-virtual, electronically unmediated First Life world, we have lots of networks. If you are a hardworking housewife with a couple of kids, your list might include: childrearing advice, English crime novels, cheap fashion that doesnt suck, buzz about Oprah and Rachael, anaphylaxis (allergy) management, how to run a soccer team, scrapbooking, Tudor monarchs, cuisine that dials down sugar, salt, and fat, pop culture chatter, and then there are all the residual connections generated by elementary and high school, college and grad school, to save nothing of neighborhoods, cities, states, countries and cultures to which you or your parents once belonged. And thats just a First Life list. I am just shepherding my new book to publication (out in the fall, God willing), and the proposition here is that all of us have embraced a certain personal multiplicity, that most ...
Like many young fathers, Donte Palmer is eager to take on a greater share of childrearing responsibilities that have often been relegated to women-like changing diapers.
We have told you about these new children, and that is why your children are so unusual and you know they are. Many in the audience who have grandchildren are really seeing it; the kids are different. So you might say, "Well its too bad that we cant do that ourselves, raise our DNA efficiency." Well, you can! For the energy of the planet is alert and ready to send the signal to the old soul who starts to understand that they can change their own fields through the templates that float in them, through consciousness, pure intent, and through that which is compassion. You can change the quantum "print" of DNA with compassion! We have said that from the beginning, so let me summarize this in simple words that are not scientific. Go slow, my partner. Make this succinct. [Kryon talking to Lee] "Recalibration of Gaia"- Mar 18, 2012 (Kryon Channelling by Lee Caroll) ...
Did anyone watch last night? Am I the only one really bothered by the whole Sheldon thinking an appropriate punishment for Amy was spanking? What the fork, people? First of all, I dont think anyone should be spanking anyone. (At least not in a punishment way. If thats your thing, then go for it.) Second of all, I dont think grown people should be punishing each other. That whole dynamic of Sheldon feeling like he should be in a position to correct Amys bad behavior was just offensive. But for goodness sake, no grown person should ever be punishing another grown person by spanking under any circumstances. I dont care that it was to set up a bit about Amy liking it because she craves the physical contact. The bit was just gross ...
Did anyone watch last night? Am I the only one really bothered by the whole Sheldon thinking an appropriate punishment for Amy was spanking? What the fork, people? First of all, I dont think anyone should be spanking anyone. (At least not in a punishment way. If thats your thing, then go for it.) Second of all, I dont think grown people should be punishing each other. That whole dynamic of Sheldon feeling like he should be in a position to correct Amys bad behavior was just offensive. But for goodness sake, no grown person should ever be punishing another grown person by spanking under any circumstances. I dont care that it was to set up a bit about Amy liking it because she craves the physical contact. The bit was just gross ...
Anticipatory guidance is a regular part of pediatric care providing the context for teaching child abuse and neglect/violence prevention, parenting skills and identifying and supporting vulnerable families.
Yet another teacher was sacked by a school in Mohali for allegedly thrashing a Class 8 boy during an excursion, following which the students mother died of shock.
A just-published study in Pediatrics says that children who were spanked or hit are more likely to have psychological problems -- mood and anxiety disorders and
What would you do if your 15-year-old daughter came home with her backside so bruised and beaten she could barely sit down -- because a grown man span...
After reading this thread http://www.mmo-champion.com/threads/893445-Would-you-fight-your-mom-for-this/page10 and seeing some of the comments made about the OP it made me interested in general opinions and experiences. The subject in question (if you are to lazy to click the link) is Corporal Punishment (Any discelpin that involves hitting the person). Do you believe in it? And if so why? Or why not? Did you experience it growing up and has it effected you today? Personaly yes, i
I also think its lame that people dont put responsibility on their kids. Ive had an inhaler my entire school career, we kept one in the office and one in my backpack. I did as was told, I didnt play with it, if I needed to use it I told a teacher. Even at kindergarten age I was able to take responsibility for it. I think if you cant trust your child to do as their told then you probably need to look at your parenting skills ...
The number of unwanted babies dropped off at Jikei Hospitals so-called baby hatch reached 11 in fiscal 2014 - topping 10 for the first time in four years,
Well were now into week 2 of NaNoWriMo, and I managed to resolve my problems that came about at the end of last week. I say temporarily, because despite introducing a brand spanking new character, to whom I switched to, so I could imply the extent of the problem with my protaginist, without gettimg bogged…
Title: Susan Gets Native, Description: Spanking the Birder stereotype until it calls me Mama, By: Feedage Forager, ID: 864685, Grade: 90, Type: ATOM
MetroParent.com is an online parenting community offering expert advice, stories on parenting trends and issues, and numerous ways for parents to enrich their experience raising the next generation ...
Erotic spanking is the act of spanking another person for the sexual arousal or gratification of either or both parties. Activities range from a spontaneous smack on bare buttocks during a sexual activity, to occasional sexual roleplay, such as ageplay, to domestic discipline and may involve the use of a hand or the use of a variety of spanking implements, such as a spanking paddle or cane. Erotic spankings are commonly combined with other forms of sexual foreplay. The most common type of erotic spanking is administered on the bare buttocks, but can also be combined with bondage, in order to heighten sexual arousal and feelings of helplessness. Many cultures describe pain as an aphrodisiac. For example, the Kama Sutra, in particular, goes into specific detail on how to properly strike a partner during sex. Routine corporal punishment of women by their husbands does still exist in some parts of the world, and still occurs in isolated cases in western countries. However, today, spanking of an ...
This dissertation examined the student discipline policies of 1,025 Texas school districts, as well as data from the Texas Education Agencys Academic Excellence Indicator System in order to identify demographic patterns regarding corporal punishment policies in Texas schools. the study also studied the relationship between a districts corporal punishment policy and student achievement. the dissertation utilized legal research methods and document analysis as its research methodology. Document analysis was the primary methodology used to answer the research questions whereby individual school district policies were identified and classified based on a number of demographic characteristics as well as the variations in corporal punishment policies among the various districts. the results of the study found that although more Texas school districts permit corporal punishment than have banned the practice, 60 percent of Texas school children go to school in districts where corporal punishment is not
It is estimated that corporal punishment is administered between 1 and 2 million times a year in schools in the United States.1 Increasingly, states are abolishing corporal punishment as a means of discipline, but statutes in some states still allow school officials to use this form of discipline.2-4 The American Academy of Pediatrics believes that corporal punishment may affect adversely a students self-image and school achievement and that it may contribute to disruptive and violent student behavior.1,5-7 Alternative methods of behavioral management have proved more effective than corporal punishment and are specifically described in the reference articles.5-7Physical force or constraint by a school official may be required in a limited number of carefully selected circumstances to protect students and staff from physical injury, to disarm a student, or to prevent property damage.. The American Academy of Pediatrics urges parents, educators, school administrators, school board members, ...
You should word down the dates of your menstrual cycle but if youre sexually energetic and miss interval then there are possibilities teenage pregnancy parenting skills being getting pregnant. These hormonal contraception strategies additionally regulate an irregular cycle. Does not include meds. They helped me get on an insulin pump, and labored teenage pregnancy parenting skills me by means of it all. Pink raspberry leaf tea is easy to find - my favorites are by Traditional Medicinals and Earth Mama Angel Baby Keep away pregnanxy pink raspberry leaf during the first trimester as a result of its uterus-stimulating properties. If you want to go off of a hormonal form of contraception but you are not pregnancy week by week gestational age able to get pregnant yet, you should definitely teenage pregnancy parenting skills a barrier form of contraception like condoms in the interim. Unstated Grief exists larenting offer peer-to-peer assist and assets. Standing in the doorway was a tall young slills ...
The other day, a study came out about childhood spanking and its connection to adult mental illness; "Spanking Kids Might Lead to Adult Mental Illness" outlines what the information said.. "Childhood punishments such as spanking, slapping, and hitting - even in the absence of full-scale maltreatment - are associated with an increased risk of mental disorders in adulthood, researchers reported. "Adults who reported such punishments in their childhood had a greater risk of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug abuse dependence, and several personality disorders, according to Tracie Afifi, PhD, of the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, and colleagues.". I fit this study to a tee.. I wouldnt say I was abused, but I was smacked, hit and slapped throughout my childhood and early teen years. Dads military belt, hairbrushes, wooden spoons and fly swatters were all too familiar on my butt and legs.. So, 40 years later, as I climb my way out of the worst depression of my life, I cant ...
Child Labour. According to Ukraine MICS 2012, the percentage of children of 5-14 years of age involved in different forms of child labour in Ukraine is 2.4, which is basically due to the engagement of children aged 5-11, who are involved in labour activities at least 1 hour a day. Child discipline. In Ukraine, 61.2% of children aged 2-14 years were subjected to at least one form of psychological or physical punishment by an adult in the household during the past month preceding the survey. 1.0% of children were subjected to severe physical punishment. Percentage of children aged 2-14 years subjected to any violent discipline method, by sex. ...
A team of LGBTQ+ parents and researchers at the University of Guelph are conducting a study to learn more about what it is like to raise a child in this time of political backlash and equal legal LGBTQ+ parenting rights. We would like to know how other forms of discrimination impact your experiences as an LGBTQ+ parent. We also want to learn how your experiences as an LGBTQ+ parent influence how you care for and protect your children. Study results will lead to new knowledge about how LGBTQ+ discrimination exists in the current political climate and lead to improved LGBTQ+ inclusion.. Background Rationale: It is a unique and complex time to be a LGBTQ+ family in Ontario. In the past 15 years key laws and policies have changed to become less discriminatory towards LGBTQ+ families: the Equal Marriage Act, passed; "gender dysphoria" clinics closed; gay conversion therapy, banned; and funding approved for trans-related surgeries. The last hurdle for legal LGBTQ+ family equality was reached in 2016 ...
This data collection effort, initiated by Dr. Donald J. West and continued by Dr. David Farrington, was undertaken to test several hypotheses about delinquency. The investigators examined socioeconomic conditions, schooling, friendship, parent-child relationships, extracurricular activities, school records, and criminal records. They also performed psychological tests to determine the causes of crime and delinquency. Information in the survey includes reports from peers, family size, child-rearing behavior, job histories, leisure habits, truancy, popularity, physical attributes, tendencies toward violence, sexual activity, and self-reported delinquency.. ...
Wakodo, LEBENS, is a brand name of ASHAHI GROUP FOODS, a leading company of Weaning Food, Milk Formula, & Baby Food in Japan. LEBENS is the brand name of Wakodos milk formula. LEBENS is manufactured in exactly the same way as infant formula sold in Japan, using same approach to product design, the same equipment, and the same high standardsof quality control applied. Full of useful information about weaning, feeding, and child-rearing for caregivers, mothers, expectant mothers, nursing care!
A crisis pregnancy center (CPC), sometimes called a pregnancy resource center (PRC), is a type of nonprofit organization established to counsel pregnant women against having an abortion. CPCs generally provide peer counseling related to abortion, pregnancy, and childbirth, and may also offer additional non-medical services such as financial assistance, child-rearing resources, and adoption referrals. CPCs that qualify as medical clinics may also provide pregnancy testing, sonograms, and other services. However, CPCs have also been known to disseminate false medical information, usually about the supposed physical and mental health risks of abortion, but sometimes also about the effectiveness of condoms and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. CPCs are typically run by pro-life Christians according to a conservative Christian philosophy, and they often operate in affiliation with one of three non-profit organizations: Care Net, Heartbeat International, and Birthright International. ...
This study of 656 respondents in the Detroit metropolitan area provides information on their religious attitudes and activities, as well as their economic and political attitudes and behavior. Respondents were asked about their belief in God and in life after death, the effects of their religious beliefs on their political beliefs, and the kinds of issues religious leaders should take a public stand on. Several questions probed respondents views of other religious groups, as well as their attitudes on such issues as gambling, birth control, and the use of alcohol. Other topics covered include: information about respondents economic behaviors such as saving and purchases on installment plans, respondents opinions of government take-over of large industries and greater involvement in education and housing, respondents attitudes toward income-earning work, science, degree of free speech, and racial equity, inter-group images, family and child-rearing patterns, welfare legislation, civil ...
Monogamy was invented by men and is intended to be imposed on women, not on men. The purpose of monogamy is to insure that men know their womans offspring are their property, engendered from their sperm and carrying their genetic material. The purpose of polygamy is the same. The purpose of polyandry is to serve a womans need to have the best results of exogamy (genetic mixing) and the best results of endogamy(a stable, nurturing, culturally compatible partner/protector during pregnancy and child-rearing). Monogamy does not serve women in either capacity. Between divorce rates, deadbeat dads, domestic violence perpetrated in the home, loss of civil rights in the married condition, and discriminatory differentials in salary for women in the workplace, all forms of marriage that are legal in most countries are nothing but a codified method of systematically robbing women of their labor, health, control over their own bodies and their sexual services, real property, personal property, and ...
Monogamy was invented by men and is intended to be imposed on women, not on men. The purpose of monogamy is to insure that men know their womans offspring are their property, engendered from their sperm and carrying their genetic material. The purpose of polygamy is the same. The purpose of polyandry is to serve a womans need to have the best results of exogamy (genetic mixing) and the best results of endogamy(a stable, nurturing, culturally compatible partner/protector during pregnancy and child-rearing). Monogamy does not serve women in either capacity. Between divorce rates, deadbeat dads, domestic violence perpetrated in the home, loss of civil rights in the married condition, and discriminatory differentials in salary for women in the workplace, all forms of marriage that are legal in most countries are nothing but a codified method of systematically robbing women of their labor, health, control over their own bodies and their sexual services, real property, personal property, and ...
I am from Canada.I was spanked in school back in 1973 when I was 8.It started as corner time and evolved to an over the knee pants spanking up front of all the boys and girls.Eventually it turned into pants down spankings in front of the whole class. I was humiliated and shamed and undressed and spanked and then dressed in front of 30 other little kids.It has ruined my life.I am single,lonely,and deeply depressed.I am ashamed to be still living in the same community that this abuse occurred.Those child witnesses are now adults ,happy with grown children of their own ,I remain a recluse.So here I am,telling this to a bunch of strangers.Thanks to that witch!She beat me in the teachers lounge shortly after that with a witness(teacher) and she took ALL my clothes off first. She used the strap on my bare buttocks relentlessly! I blacked out and cant recall what the hell happened! So to all you who fantasize about this spanking stuff....I offer you a real story. The beating in the teachers lounge ...
But in corners of the country where it remains deeply woven in culture and tradition, some school administrators say corporal punishment has broad support from parents, that it preserves learning time that would be lost to a suspension, and that they see little need to give up a practice that dates back generations.. ...
http://www.examiner.com/article/lying-and-other-developmental-issues. Traditional childrearing methods often focus on blaming a child for undesirable behaviors and punishing the child to end those behaviors. One of those behaviors is lying. Whether by "whooping", spanking, yelling, or the more "evolved" versions of "time-outs" or taking away privileges and possessions, parents have often equated punishment with discipline.. There is another way. There are those who see behaviors in a larger developmental and environmental context. They recognize that certain behaviors are natural for certain aged children, such as the widely recognized tantrums of the "terrible twos".. The terrible two tantrums are a good illustration of this point. As some of you know, the reason two year-olds tend to tantrum is that this is the age when they reach a stage in their development when they recognize their own selves as independent from their environment. They suddenly sense their power to make choices and to have ...
Worldwide, close to half the adults living with HIV are women and a large proportion of these women are of child-bearing age. Whereas anyone living with HIV faces the physical challenges of living with a chronic disease, as well as the material and social impact of the stigma associated with the disease, mothers living with HIV must also meet the demands of childrearing while mitigating the negative impact of the disease upon their family. Mothers with HIV report that this is their greatest source of stress. Moreover, children of these mothers, growing up with a parent with a chronic, stigmatized, and often fatal disease, are considered a high-risk group. The IMAGE intervention was designed to improve parenting and self-care skills in mothers with HIV in order to improve the mothers physical and mental health as well as the childs mental health and behavioral adjustment ...
Although outcome measures improved more in the FLNP group than in the control group, the results of this trial fail to show that FLNP improved parenting or child or parental well-being more than could be expected by chance and do not provide evidence that FLNP represents value for money. Three main reasons for these negative results warrant consideration. The first is that the FLNP may not be effective in changing parenting in a universal setting. It would appear that programmes like Triple P which focus primarily on behaviour management are effective in a universal setting and this may simply be a better approach. Triple P is a more costly programme than FLNP. It can be offered more intensively with five different levels of intervention for different levels of need, including universal media coverage, and well-resourced trials have been able to offer the programme in this way. FLNP is a stand-alone group-based programme which may work synergistically with other parenting interventions including ...
This week we have had a busy time parenting our four children. Weve had school orientation, appointments with the OT and PT, vomits, a trip to the principals office and had to do some planning for childcare for 2012. It is tiring stuff this parenting caper. So for the theme for the Weekend Rewind this week, I thought I would draw on the collective brain to brush up on my parenting skills. I want you to post an oldie but goodie with a healthy dose of parenting tips. It may be a "how to" post, or a "what I learnt" post, or a cute story, or philosophical piece. You dont need to be a parent to participate, anything that will assist the development of parenting skills would be great too. I will leave it up to you. ...
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But in his August 8 ruling Judge Alan C. Kay, a Reagan appointee, found that Hawaii s legislature had a legitimate interest in legislating on behalf of traditional marriage. Throughout history and societies, marriage has been connected with procreation and childrearing, wrote Kay in his decision, which ran to 117 pages. It follows that it is not beyond rational speculation to conclude that fundamentally altering the definition of marriage to include same-sex unions might result in undermining the societal understanding of the link between marriage, procreation, and family structure. He added that to suddenly constitutionalize the issue of same-sex marriage would short-circuit the legislative actions that have been taking place in Hawaii.... Accordingly, because Hawaii s marriage laws are rationally related to legitimate government interests, they do not violate the federal Constitution. 
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It is well documented that individuals in couples tend to retire around the same time. But because women tend to marry older men, this means many married women retire at younger ages than their husbands. This fact is somewhat at odds with lifecycle theory that suggests women might otherwise retire at later ages than men because they have longer life expectancies, and often have had shorter careers on account of childrearing. As a result, the opportunity cost of retirement-in terms of foregone potential earnings and accruals to Social Security wealth-may be larger for married women than for their husbands. Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), I find evidence that the returns to additional work beyond mid-life are greater for married women than for married men. The potential gain in Social Security wealth alone is enough to place married women on nearly equal footing with married men in terms of Social Security wealth at age 70. ...
I found this page by googling "when nothing works to calm a violent toddler tantrum." I know most of your posts were from years ago. But I hope someone out there spots this and replies. I feel the same way all of you feel. My son is 3. He has violent tantrums too. We try being calm first. Weve tried positive and negative reinforcement. Weve tried being firm when being calm doesnt work. And when nothing else works,we end up having our own tantrums too, which result in yelling and spanking. The spanking is more rare than the yelling. Neither get the desired result. I sometimes feel like the real reason he calms down is not because of the yelling or the spanking. Its just that by the time we do that, hes been upset for so long that hes actually worn himself out. I see in so many posts that its best to just ignore the tantrum. And thats something we arent very consistent with. My husband is a bit worse at this than I am. And often, I give in because I know my husband doesnt want to just ...
His letter explains that the tooth fairy will not accept his sons teeth in the future unless their condition significantly improves.
In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke explains that a child, not having full possession or full development of his mental faculties, cannot be considered to have full liberties and rights. For the rights and liberties owned by a grown man are owned solely because he is capable of no longer being a danger to himself or others, knowing well the boundaries within which he may interact with his neighbors (sect 58-59). But before such faculty is developed, he is held under the near-total authority of his parents in all matters not requiring the states intervention.. It is the childs lack of maturity which grants his parents authority over him otherwise excluded to the rest of mankind. This institution is so obvious that it is generally considered natural. For without such an appreciation for the institution of parenthood, as well as the powers it must necessarily grant parents, not only is the child susceptible to harm and potential death, but so are those in his neighborhood. And if a child ...
Downloadable! Beyond natural sterility, there are two main types of childlessness: one driven by poverty and another by the high opportunity cost to child-rearing. We argue that taking childlessness and its causes into account matters for assessing the impact of development policies on fertility. We measure the importance of the components of childlessness with a structural model of fertility and marriage. Deep parameters are identified using census data from 36 developing countries. On average, one more year of education decreases poverty-driven childlessness by 0.75 percentage points, but increases opportunity-cost-driven childlessness by 0.57 percentage points from the 9th year of schooling onwards. Neglecting the endogenous response of marriage and childlessness leads to overestimating the effectiveness of family planning policies, except where highly educated mothers are also heavily affected by unwanted births, and to underestimating the effect of promoting gender equality on fertility, except in
We were guided through how to fill out the forms ourselves and we had a better understanding after we attended the Guardianship Information session.". Guardianship is when an adult no longer has the capacity to make his or her own decisions. A Guardian is appointed by the Court and has the legal responsibility to make personal decisions for another person.. Sages Guardianship and Trusteeship Services are under contract with the Office of the Public Guardian and Trustee (OPGT) to offer guidance to anyone looking at the process of Guardianship or Trusteeship. We can help you with applications for adult private Guardianship (Review of Guardianship, Co-Decision Making), and provide information and assistance completing personal directives.. Information sessions are held on a regular basis at Sage and the Gateway Association and are recommended for anyone considering a private Guardianship, Review of Guardianship, Co-Decision Making, or Trusteeship application. Click here to find out more about the ...
This 10-week study assessed the efficacy of atomoxetine in combination with psychoeducation compared to placebo and psychoeducation in the improvement of Quality of Life in Swedish stimulant-naive children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A total of 99 patients were treated with atomoxetine (49 patients) or placebo (50 patients) for 10 weeks and assessed regarding broader areas of functioning using the Quality of Life measures Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition (CHIP-CE), Family Strain Index [FSI; equivalent to the Family Burden of Illness Module used in the study], Appraisal of Stress in Child-Rearing (ASCR), Five to fifteen (FTF), "I think I am" ("Jag tycker jag ar"), and Childrens Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) before and after the active treatment phase. Simultaneously, the patients parents participated in a 4-session psychoeducation program. A statistically significant difference in favor of atomoxetine was seen in the improvement from ...
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This study examined whether parenting styles are related to childrens PA and SST behavior. Parenting styles were not associated with PA. However authoritative parenting was associated with spending less time on SST in boys and neglectful parenting was associated with spending more time on SST in both boys and girls. The maternal educational level also influenced the relation between parenting styles and SST. Authoritative parenting was associated with less time on SST in children of mothers with a medium educational level, while neglectful parenting was associated with more time on SST in such children. These relationships were not found in children of mothers with low or high educational levels.. In the current study, the majority of the children showed high levels of physical activity (≥7 h/week), with boys being significantly more active than girls. This difference is also found in other studies, and is probably amplified in older children since girls are more likely to decrease their PA ...
ANT 310 Culture and Personality: Psychological Anthropology (3).. Examination of the human personality within cultural contexts. Topics include personality formation and child-rearing; stress and mental/physical health problems which occur with cultural change; aging, roles and communication among local and worldwide ethnic groups.. ANT 312 Language and Culture (3).. Analysis of language as an aspect of culture. Relationship between language and culture patterns, dynamics of language and cultural change; the problem of meaning.. ANT 313 Methods and Techniques of Archaeology (3).. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.. Basic procedures and techniques used by archaeologists to excavate, analyze and interpret prehistoric remains. Field and/or laboratory activities. Variable topics will include field procedures, laboratory procedures or archaeological method and theories. Six hours of activity per week.. ANT 315 Magic and Religion (3).. A comparative analysis of magico-religious systems in their ...
An increasing number of American grandparents who may have longed to see their grandchildren when they were infants see much more of them than they may have expected when they are children. Instead of the golden years punctuated by occasional visits from children and grandchildren, many grandparents now find themselves as parents of their own grandchildren.. Many more grandparents serve as primary caregivers to children because the number of grandparents caring for children surged during the economic downturn amid financial woes. On top of that, military service and other causes have also contributed to the need. This trend has evolved from a variety of family circumstances. Fractured families - divorced and step parents, teen pregnancy, abusive home life, parental imprisonment, parental drug addiction, or mental illness of a parent, death of one or more parents and even abandonment by parents - all have come together to gave grandparents a second chance a parenting.. Presently, over 3.9 million ...
649 Child rearing; home care of people with disabilities & illnesses. *650 Management & public relations *650 Management & ...
Education for Child Rearing. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1959. Paperback edition, Basic Books, 1965. Sociology and the ... Society for Research in Child Development Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Child Development Research, 1985 ... Child Trends, in Washington, D.C. Since then, Child Trends has become the nation's leading repository and clearinghouse of past ... Soon after his leave was up the two were married-a union that lasted almost 60 years and produced four children (John Gilbert, ...
Sears, Robert R., Maccoby, Eleanor and Levin, Harry (1957). Patterns of Child Rearing. pp. 102-137. Evanston IL: Row, Peterson ... Duo toilet for child training in a banquet hall Stacked dual-sized toilet seats for child training 1950s Toilet Training ... making it enjoyable for the child. The vast majority of studies concentrate on children 18 months old and older. In this age ... Most children can control their bowel before their bladder, boys typically start and finish later than girls, and it usually ...
Errors in child rearing]. México, MX: Ediciones El Caballito. Bernal del Riesgo, A. (1962). Informe (de la investigación ...
... endorsing strict child-rearing practices; valuing conventional propriety and a good reputation; opposing rebelliousness and ...
Child-rearing in medieval Ireland." History Ireland 5:1 (1997): 28-31. Parkes, Peter. "Celtic Fosterage: Adoptive Kinship and ... Fosterage, the practice of a family bringing up a child not their own, differs from adoption in that the child's parents, not ... In Ancient Ireland, ollams taught children either for payment or for no compensation. Children were taught a particular trade ... Original family ties and rights of inheritance were not affected, nor was it required for the fostered child to be an orphan or ...
"Rearing Children "A Creative Job"". The Sydney Morning Herald. January 24, 1960. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Harper's C ... Grattan was married and had four children. "In Memoriam - C. Hartley Grattan". November 17, 2000. Retrieved December 18, 2009 ...
Studies of Child Rearing Studies. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Whiting, B. and J. Whiting (1975). Children of Six ... the largest and most comprehensive comparative study of child rearing and child development. The study assigned teams of ... John L. Fischer and Ann Fischer). The Whitings continued work on comparative child development, both with their own fieldwork ... specializing in child development. Whiting grew up on Martha's Vineyard, on the Massachusetts coast. He received his B.A. in ...
Seatbelt wearing rates Front (driver, passenger)/ Rear (adults, children) speed limit. urban / rural / motorways (km/h) ... Mayer Hillman; John Adams; John Whitelegg (2000) [1991]. One False Move: a study of children's independent mobility. Policy ... "UN raises child accidents alarm". BBC News. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010.. ... Motorists and passengers[43][44] - both front and rear - can make dooring less likely by practicing the "Dutch reach" - opening ...
"Fitzhugh Dodson, 69, Child-Rearing Expert". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-01. "Books from Dr Fitzhugh Dodson - Colibri ... His survivors included three children, Robin Ellyn, Randall James and Rustin Fitzhugh. Dodson taught that children need both ... This fills a child with hatred, and a deep desire for revenge. This is the kind that is administered with a strap or stick or ... Just the hand of the parent administered a few times on the kid's bottom. The right kind of spanking is a positive thing. It ...
Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing was written by A. S. Neill and published by Hart Publishing Company in 1960. In ... Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing is a book about the English boarding school Summerhill School by its headmaster ... "Summerhill; a radical approach to child rearing". Retrieved January 18, 2015. Mayer, Morris Fritz (June 1961). "Review: ... This does not necessarily mean total cessation to the children, as Neill thought adults were right to bemoan child destruction ...
Mother and Child (1963) - Child rearing. East African Literature Bureau. Ekuqaleni [In the Beginning] (1965) Bulawayo Daystar ... For the next 23 years, Helen actively wrote and produced more than 60 children's plays for the Palo Alto Children's Theater. ... For the next few years, Helen applied herself as a volunteer to help Santa Clara Valley migrant camp adults and children. She ... 12-13, 18, 38 The Song of the Calliope (March 1947) Catholic Youth, pages 18-19 The Star Grew Dim (1947) A play with all-male ...
... and educators striving to develop libertarian methods of child rearing. (He did not use the term "libertarian," but that is ... "J.6 What methods of child rearing do anarchists advocate?" in An Anarchist FAQ by Various Authors. ... In Children of the Future, Reich made numerous suggestions, based on his research and clinical experience, for parents, ...
Do carjackers place fliers on the rear windows of automobiles? No. (from snopes.com) ... For the children's novel, see Car-Jacked (novel).. Carjacking is a robbery in which the item taken over is a motor vehicle.[1] ...
These women were tasked with rearing children. Apparently they had to find ways to stimulate the children's language skills and ... Hesiod lists logoi among the children of Eris, the goddess personifying strife. Eris' children are ominous figures, which ... Children in Ancient Greece were familiar with traditional myths from an early age. Based on the writings of philosopher Plato ( ... They lacked access to children's literature or television, so the solution was to turn to storytelling. David Wiles describes ...
... child-rearing methods. Most educators of the day believed that schools should expose children to common experiences to create ... Notable child prodigy, cybernetics pioneer Norbert Wiener, who also attended Harvard at the time and knew Sidis later stated in ... Although the University had previously refused to let his father enroll him at age 9 because he was still a child, Sidis set a ... The Social and Emotional Development of Gifted Children: What Do We Know, edited by Maureen Neihart, Sally M. Reis, Nancy M. ...
Neill, A. S. (1960). Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing. New York: Hart Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-14-013559-6 ... They advocated far gentler authority in child-rearing, which Neill considered more insidious than overt authority and ... He felt that children met their own limits naturally. Neill believed in equal rights between parents and children, and that ... H. A. T. Child associated Summerhill with the Bedales School, Alfred the Great, and Child's Dartington Hall School, and David ...
Society emphasized the role of mothers in child rearing, especially the patriotic goal of raising republican children rather ... There was more permissiveness in child-rearing. Patriot women married to Loyalists who left the state could get a divorce and ... Records also suggest that some slaveholders were freeing their own mixed-race children, born into slavery to slave mothers. The ... Women were considered to have the essential role of instilling their children with values conducive to a healthy republic. ...
ISBN 0-520-24008-1.p. 74 Martin, Judith (2002). Miss Manners' Guide to Rearing Perfect Children. New York: Fireside Books. p. ...
It's about healthy mothers rearing healthy children... Family planning is about having the information you need before you make ... They had three children - two daughters and a son. Minto's first paid position was a job at the UN Pavilion at Seattle's World ... Family planning is all about planned and wanted children, and I really want to make this statement because I care a lot about ...
Kinderwartung und Kinderzucht (1906) - On child rearing. Kinderreime (1931) - Nursery rhymes. Ein Winterabend in einem ...
Traditional child rearing involved very little discipline. Couples were generally monogamous and divorce was rare. Funerary ... By 1922, most children from the community were in boarding schools, where they were forced to use English and to practice ... Protestant missionaries established schools in the area, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs forced Acoma children into boarding ... Education was overseen by kiva headmen who taught about human behavior, spirit and body, astrology, ethics, child psychology, ...
Mothers are more likely to continue working after child rearing on account of the availability of affordable childcare services ... the ratio of male to female children to depict the preferences of sons in accordance with China's One Child Policy). In ... The chance can also be caused by women getting pregnant and start taking part-time jobs so they can care for the children. In ... In a traditional role, women are the ones who leave the workforce temporarily to take care of their children. As a result, ...
躾 しつけ shitsuke "training, rearing (an animal, a child)". Some of these characters (for example, 腺, "gland")[27] have been ... Japanese school children are expected to learn 1006 basic kanji characters, the kyōiku kanji, before finishing the sixth grade ... The kyōiku kanji (教育漢字, lit. "education kanji") are 1,006 characters that Japanese children learn in elementary school. ... Parents can be quite creative, and rumours abound of children called 地球 Āsu ("Earth") and 天使 Enjeru ("Angel"); neither are ...
Reproduction involves physical reproduction, child rearing and socialization. Households can be organized to collectively ... societies where men were responsible for food procurement of large game and women were responsible for child-rearing and ... been associated with a gendered division of labor and tasks associated with maintaining the household chores and child rearing ... The mother-child relationship is often associated with the nucleus of all family groups. ...
Romulus passed laws meant to encourage child-rearing. He welcomed free men of any background to settle in the new city with ... The third child had been concealed from the guards present. Ilia was either put to death, or kept secretly in a hidden dungeon ... Amulius suspected her and employed physicians and his wife to monitor her for signs of being with child. When he did discover ... Plutarch continues the same alternate version of the twins' parentage and youth. After the boys had returned home from their ...
The slightly longer hair on the front legs should form even pillars, while the rear legs should only have some longer hair and ... Most Irish Terriers love children and tolerate rough-housing to a certain extent. Irish terriers need exercise; do not get one ... The breed is increasingly "fashionable" as a family pet because of its fondness for children. There is ambitious breeding in ...
"Children's cultural values and parental child rearing strategies." Developmental Review 3.4 (1983): 351-370. Kenneth and Mamie ... children were asked to choose between drawings of Black or White animals and children; this baseline found that the children in ... "Educational risk and resilience in African‐American youth: Context, self, action, and outcomes in school." Child Development ... "Identity processes among racial and ethnic minority children in America." Child Development 61.2 (1990): 290-310. 1990: ...
participate in child-rearing decisions. It is precisely when one parent has less legal control over the child that the ... b) Legal custody of the child is given to a party other than the childs parent, or the child is placed outside of and does not ... b) Legal custody of the child is given to a party other than the childs parent, or the child is placed outside of and does not ... A child custody dispute exists under subsection 2(b) when legal custody of the child is given to someone other than a parent, ...
It preempted your discussion of child-centered liberalism, which ... ... you will cover in your discussion of child-liberalism is societys failure to recognize the economic value of child-rearing, ... scarred by their experiences as latchkey kids and the children of broken homes, are determined to give family more emphasis in ... the devaluation of child-rearing is fundamentally a cultural phenomenon. ...
... the raising and parenting of children: Childrearing extends beyond simple guardianship to nurturing and guidance. See more. ... 1840-45; child + rear2 (in the sense "to take care of to maturity") + -ing1 ... of or relating to the raising and parenting of children: The majority of childrearing responsibilities are shouldered by female ... the raising and parenting of children: Childrearing extends beyond simple guardianship to nurturing and guidance. ...
Would you please correct my mistakes? Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other ... Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other professionals, but warmongering ... parents and teenaged childrens decisions. please check it for me!~. By kinkit15 in forum Editing & Writing Topics ... General] Parents cant do everything for their children as it only increases their disability. By barnej0096 in forum Ask a ...
Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex ... Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex ... I respect the instinct to radically reinvent the role of gender in childrearing; I think every mother I know seeks, in some ... Photograph of a French child reading a gender-neutral book produced by a Swedish publishing house by STR/AFP/Getty Images. ...
I was thrilled to get my sheets, blankets and diapers out on the line for a good solar treatment. Line drying uses both wind and solar power, and the suns rays are a miracle stain remover and antiseptic powerhouse. For tips on line drying, check out my Laundry 101 blog entry. Nervous? Try just one load a week - if you typically do 4 loads of laundry, then youll be saving 25% of the part of your energy bill that comes from your dryer. Not bad!. If youve never given this a try before, go for it! Your laundry will have the unbottleable scent of sun and breezes, youll save some energy along the way.. Happy hanging!. ...
Children arent like dolls, they are individuals, they are people and it... ... Even though rearing children in a single parent home can go well and produce productive individuals, it is more likely for ... Love, Respect, Security and the want to nurture! There are fundamentally a lot more to rearing a child but most of us will ... As the child of a single parent i have realized as a grown up what i did not comprehend as a child that something was missing ...
Dear Friend: Children are raised by parents, not insurance companies. Their concepts of right and wrong are established long ... Instead of trying to change people, please take steps at once to get rid of that albatross around your childs neck. I spoke ... How can I expect to teach my children to take responsibility to right the wrongs they bring on others when insurance companies ... Dear Ann Landers: I have three truly beautiful children. Our oldest daughter was born with a port-wine birthmark on the right ...
Chances are, when your kids are grown, theyll remember the family outing to get a tree, the Nutcracker performance or cooking ...
Regarding child rearing, views were elicited on issues including religious preference of child(ren) raised, religious training ... Regarding child rearing, views were elicited on issues including religious preference of child(ren) raised, religious training ... Subject Terms: abortion, birth control, Catholics, child rearing, Christianity, church attendance, communism, Creationism, ... Detroit Area Study, 1997: Social Change in Religion and Child Rearing (ICPSR 4120) Principal Investigator(s): Alwin, Duane F., ...
Gender identity and sex-of-rearing in children with disorders of sexual differentiation.. Reiner WG1. ... Nine of 11 patients with CAH and a 46,XX karyotype were reared female and two reared male; six (55%) declared female identity ... Of 84 total patients, 69 were reared female, but only 32 lived as female, while 29 lived as male; four patients refused to ... All 84 patients , or =5 years old in a pediatric psychosexual development clinic were assessed for sex-of-rearing and sexual ...
... has come out with a new report which provides details about optimizing the rear seat of passenger vehicles. ... "For children under age 13, the rear seat is still the safer seating position as compared to the front seat of passenger ... The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has come out with a new report which provides details about optimizing the rear ... is protective for younger children. However, older children who have outgrown child safety seats and booster seats are at ...
Communal child rearing was the method of education that prevailed in the collective communities in Israel (kibbutz and plural: ... The education authority of the kibbutz was responsible for the rearing and well being of all the children born on the kibbutz, ... A group of children, all about the same age, shared a childrens house and had a nanny who took care of their every day needs. ... The childrens society was composed of the age groups of children from the first or second grade to the sixth grade. Teachers ...
Adoption as an intervention for institutionally reared children: HPA functioning and developmental status.. Kroupina MG1, ... Children adopted from Eastern European orphanages (N = 76, mean age was 17 months, SD = 5) were followed as part of an ongoing ... Overall, these results suggest that investigating specific physiological mechanisms is important in identifying children at ...
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE ... Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE ... Factors Affecting the Perception of Family Functioning among Couples in Child-Rearing Japanese Families () ... Honda, J. and Hohashi, N. (2015) Discrepancies between Couples Perceptions of Family Functioning in Child-Rearing Japanese ...
Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old BMJ 2009; 338 :b1994 ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old. BMJ 2009; 338 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b1994 ...
A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like a ... What the Other Mothers Know A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like a ... What the Other Mothers Know: A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like ... What the Other Mothers Know: A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like ...
Evidence from Swedish Children and Their Biological and Rearing Parents. Anders Bjorklund, Markus Jantti, Gary Solon. NBER ...
1989)‎. Child-rearing : a task for fathers as well as mothers / Freda L. Paltiel. World health forum 1989 ; 10(‎2)‎ : 249-257 ... Child-rearing : a task for fathers as well as mothers / Freda L. Paltiel. ... Role of father and mother in the care of sick children [‎letter]‎ / Ashok K. Bhardwaj ... [‎et al.]‎  ...
Social science confirms that children raised in day-care centers and similar institutions are often emotionally maladjusted and ... Study Finds Teen Pregnancy and Crime Levels are Higher Among Kids from Fatherless Homes Children reared in fatherless homes are ... Day Care - A Dangerous Experiment in Child-Rearing? From The Wall Street Journal Social science confirms that children raised ... Child Support Policy. Child Support Math. Commercial Justice. Abuse Hysteria. Missing Child Money. Gender Equality?. ...
Regarding child rearing, questions were asked pertaining to religious training given to child(ren) and frequency of prayer ... religion and child rearing. With respect to finances, respondent views were asked about credit card purchases, recording ... Detroit Area Study, 1997: Social Change in Religion and Child Rearing. Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local ...
Just by having negative thoughts such as, "I shouldnt have had this child," or "I dont have confidence in child rearing,"or " ... Child Research Net. Child Research Net (CRN) is a non-profit, Internet-based child research institute. We have designed CRNs ... TOP , About Child Science , Children are Our Future: The Human Science of Mother and Child, MediScience sha (2000-2006) , ... c) 1996-2017, Child Research Net, All rights reserved.. Child Research Net is supported by BERD (Benesse Educational Research ...
Kids and Caterpillars: Fostering a Childs Interest in Nature by Rearing Lepidoptera (Moth and Butterfly) Larvae. by James W. ... While not every caterpillar rearing will result in a published study, they are great learning experiences for young children ... Many children show a keen interest in caterpillars when they are encountered outdoors. Caterpillars are often seen as cute and ... Rearing caterpillars is a lot like raising frog tadpoles. The caterpillars can be quite active, and they are constantly ...
View of the rear elevation of Tammen Hall (1930) at the former location of Childrens Hospital, 1056 East Nineteenth (19th) ... Childrens Hospital (Denver, Colo.)--Buildings--Pictorial works.; Children--Hospitals--Colorado--Denver--Pictorial works.; ... Childrens Hospital (Denver, Colo.)--Buildings--2000-2010.; City Park West (Denver, Colo.)--2000-2010.; Denver (Colo.)--2000- ...
On the PAAT, parents described feelings about parent/child interaction, their standards for assessing child behavior, and their ... Subjects were 118 Korean-American immigrant parents who had children 3 through 5 years of age, were natives of Korea, and ... Independent variables were (1) sex of child, (2) family size, (3) sex of parent, (4) age of parent, (5) educational level of ... An attempt was made to identify factors related to the childrearing expectations of Korean-American immigrant parents of ...
  • Remember that children dealing with these conditions are often very energetic and need to be busy in order to discourage negative behaviors. (pregnancyguide4u.com)
  • Everyday Parenting gives you access to a toolkit of behavior-change techniques that will make your typical day in the home easier as you develop the behaviors you would like to see in your child. (coursera.org)
  • Child abuse is defined as a variety of harmful behaviors directed against children. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • This study utilizes a naturalistic human cross-fostering design to advance the understanding of childhood pathways to risk for drug use by identifying nuances in the rearing environment that are associated with child risk behaviors and competencies. (grantome.com)
  • The assessment includes child risk behaviors (e.g., externalizing problems, inhibitory control deficits) and social competencies (social skills, prosocial peer relations) known to be predictive of later drug use. (grantome.com)
  • The results will inform prevention efforts for reducing children's risk for later drug use by identifying facets of the rearing environment that are associated with child risk behaviors once shared genes between parent and children are removed, and rearing environments that might additionally offset inherited liabilities for early externalizing problems. (grantome.com)
  • The proposed siblings-reared-apart cross-fostering study will help guide future intervention efforts targeting the prevention of drug use by examining specific family environmental qualities that are associated with children's risk behaviors and social competencies and might offset or exacerbate inherited risks. (grantome.com)
  • I certainly borrowed all the other kinds of child-rearing behaviors that I admired from other cultures like carrying my daughter all the time, co-sleeping and feeding her on demand. (nytimes.com)
  • Children reared in fatherless homes are more than twice as likely to become male adolescent delinquents or teen mothers, according to a significant new study by two economists at the University of California, Santa Barbara. (fathermag.com)
  • Mothers who would be breastfeeding their own children, would work as nurses in these institutions and feed the babies there also. (childresearch.net)
  • Data were collected from six working mothers from a child care center in Gyeonggi, and their six grandmothers who were rearing grandchildren through in-depth interviews, emails and observation based on the instruction of semi-structured interviews. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • conflicts over ideologue of motherhood (3) grandmothers` rearing positive effect: increasing grandmothers` efficacy and intimate relationships with grandchildren (4) working moms` rearing positive effect: reducing working moms` children-rearing stress (5) negative effect: increasing grandmothers` children-rearing stress and working moms` low children-rearing efficacy (6) rearing conflicts: the two mothers` conflicts over children-rearing values. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Through the study, it implies that social intervention is needed to solve the conflicts between two mothers over the rearing attitudes and methods as understanding and intervention is needed. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Along with these overt expressions of warmth and caring, the Ugandan children were strapped to their mothers' bodies while the women worked in the fields, and thus were exposed to continuous movements, rhythmic talking, and singsong communications. (programmerworld.net)
  • So I guess I am writing to whine about how our culture, which professes to be the land where dreams can come true, has made it so difficult for a married mother to pursue her dream of rearing her children, which a mere few decades ago was the expected job of married mothers. (blogspot.com)
  • There are a number of reasons to feed your kids by hand, seperate from their mothers. (easykeeper.com)
  • Natality : child-rearing environment of mothers having 1-year-old children. (who.int)
  • In two studies in Bangladesh, one used group sessions with mothers [ 16 ] whereas the other also used home visiting [ 17 ] and both studies showed improved knowledge of child rearing and higher scores on Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) inventory. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In my own research I explored the myriad reasons mothers purchased or otherwise acquired material items for their young children, many of which were second-hand. (thesociologicalreview.com)
  • Data for the current report were gathered through interviews and questionnaires that were completed by 78 index offspring when they were 10 and 17 years old and through interviews and Child Behavior Checklists that were completed by their mothers at corresponding times. (aappublications.org)
  • According to their mothers' reports, the 17-year-old daughters and sons of lesbian mothers were rated significantly higher in social, school/academic, and total competence and significantly lower in social problems, rule-breaking, aggressive, and externalizing problem behavior than their age-matched counterparts in Achenbach's normative sample of American youth. (aappublications.org)
  • Within the lesbian family sample, no Child Behavior Checklist differences were found among adolescent offspring who were conceived by known, as-yet-unknown, and permanently unknown donors or between offspring whose mothers were still together and offspring whose mothers had separated. (aappublications.org)
  • Program effects on children will be more pronounced for a) males, b) those born to low-resource mothers, and c) those living in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods at registration. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Program effects on mothers and children, in preliminary analyses, will be more pronounced for those with genetic vulnerabilities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 2007). Not for Mothers Only: Contemporary Poems on Child-Getting and Child-Rearing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to further explain this finding, we investigated the effect of sharing the rear row with other occupants on injury risk and delineated differences in injury patterns among the seat positions. (chop.edu)
  • The secretion of milk by the mother is not solely dependent on the mother's actions, but is rather a joint activity of mother and child. (childresearch.net)
  • Turner recalls her mother's method for toughening up her children: if two of them were squabbling and refused to stop, she would push them outside to fight it out, telling them that the first one that cried would get a whipping. (unc.edu)
  • Conclusions: The sociobiological theoretical perspective likely underestimates the influence of culture and social structure on parent-child interactions. (unt.edu)
  • You will also find information about what you can do if you observe child abuse or if you are a parent dealing with problems that are straining your capacity to cope with the parenting experience. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Despite more than 3 decades of cross-sectional research demonstrating that the psychological adjustment of children is unrelated to their parents' sexual orientation, the legitimacy of lesbian and gay biological, foster, and adoptive parenting is still under scrutiny. (aappublications.org)
  • A self employed, stay at home dad gives you the straight dope about parenting, kids, love and life. (blogtopsites.com)
  • In this quasi-experimental study, the sample will consist of 215 sibling pairs in which one sibling was reared from birth with an adoptive family, and the other sibling was reared from birth by the biological mother of the sibling pair. (grantome.com)
  • We propose to add new data on 215 biological siblings of the adopted children. (grantome.com)
  • In fact, children from the highest risk neighborhoods were found to have a 69% greater chance of showing two or more biological markers of chronic stress than kids from less dangerous neighborhoods. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Similar to non-human cross-fostering studies, this design allows for the differentiation of the effects of the rearing environment from effect of shared genes between parent and child. (grantome.com)
  • And depending on demographics, there are usually more than two children that a single mother has to support on her own and in a lot of cases with different fathers. (hubpages.com)
  • Fathers were supposed to bond with their children through quality time, much more so than in non-kibbutz environment, where they may be required to spend long hours at work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Father count is an important win for fathers, but most of the efforts funded will go towards funneling financial and other support to children already separated from their fathers, rather than reducing the incidence of family separation. (fathermag.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the different views of grandparent`s that are rearing children from the grandmother and working mom as co-caregivers by studying conflicts and the experience made by grandmothers by rearing children through a phenomenological approach, and to help to build healthy relationships and furthermore to promote a healthy educational environment. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • An opportunity to define and promote school readiness indicators was facilitated by collaborative relationships with a strong emphasis on data among First 5 LA, the Children's Planning Council, and the Los Angeles County Public Health Department, and other child-serving organizations. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine if selected perceived parent-child relationships were differentially associated with an individual's capacity to demonstrate the intellectual processes of creativity. (unt.edu)
  • Between 1 July 2015 and 30 June 2016, the rate of substantiations of abuse, neglect or risk of harm was 43.6 per 1,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia. (aifs.gov.au)
  • Active prenatal androgen effects appeared to dramatically increase the likelihood of recognition of male sexual identity independent of sex-of-rearing. (nih.gov)
  • Genetic males with male-typical prenatal androgen effects should be reared male. (nih.gov)
  • As they assess the threat that prenatal exposure to alcohol and other drugs presents to children and schools, policy makers and practitioners must separate myth from fact. (hhs.gov)
  • This study is a longitudinal follow-up of 670 primarily African-American women and their 17-year-old firstborn children enrolled since 1990 in a highly significant randomized controlled trial (RCT) of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Program effects on adolescent functioning will be explained by its improvement in prenatal health, early care of the child, maternal life-course, and earlier child academic and behavioral functioning. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 3) Examine how positive rearing environments may buffer risk from children's inherited tendencies and how negative rearing environments may exacerbate inherited risk (GxE). (grantome.com)
  • The proposed study is well positioned to examine how the care giving environment differentially affects outcomes for siblings who are genetically-related, but who are reared from birth in different environments. (grantome.com)
  • In this article by Andrew P. Thomas, The Wall Street Journal takes a critical look at the effects of day care on young children. (fathermag.com)
  • It is difficult for young children to embrace change. (pregnancyguide4u.com)
  • She said it was very hard to diagnose eye conditions in young children. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • Knock knees (genu valgum) is common in young children. (mydr.com.au)
  • For many young children, this practice will be less fearful for them because they won't have to worry about having water dumped over their heads or having to dunk their heads under water. (piyc.co.uk)
  • The founders of the collective education believed that granting the children independence from their family liberated the family from the economic and social burden, which otherwise might distort the children's development. (wikipedia.org)
  • or =5 years old in a pediatric psychosexual development clinic were assessed for sex-of-rearing and sexual identity. (nih.gov)
  • The report authors recommend the development of regulatory procedures or vehicle performance assessment programs for consumers that evaluate protection of rear seat occupants. (medindia.net)
  • Child Research Net is supported by BERD (Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute). (childresearch.net)
  • in fact the youngsters were significantly limited in every area of development in every age group. (programmerworld.net)
  • Dr. Dennis concluded that because these children had received only minimal amounts of touching, rocking, talking and general nurturing attention, their growth and development had been severely stunted. (programmerworld.net)
  • Early child development : investing in the future / Mary Eming Young. (who.int)
  • This may be of importance to promote child development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • development and the child safety and just managing the home. (coursera.org)
  • Today's gifted children in middle school truly need advocates to ensure that school remains challenging through the middle grades and that the actions related to learning and talent development are positive experiences. (ed.gov)
  • Within the field of early child development, a movement has emerged to track the dynamics of multiple influences on early childhood health and developmental trajectories through the evolved concept of school readiness. (cdc.gov)
  • A study of object concept development in institutionalized and home-reared infants. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Institution- and home-reared infants were tested in five areas: language development, object concept development, play, social responsiveness, and social maturity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Nurses in this program are charged with improving pregnancy outcomes, child health and development, and maternal economic self-sufficiency. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Improvement of the health and development of firstborn children who will exhibit better functioning, better mental health, and better behavior. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • One study in Mexico has shown that by the age of three a group of malnourished children were already one year behind their well-nourished contemporaries in language development. (newint.org)
  • Just as a child defends health and body weight by cutting down on 'discretionary activity' at the expense of individual development, says UNICEF, so a malnourished adult can react to malnutrition by reducing his or her activity at the expense of economic and community development Most of the food eaten by an adult has to be used for the 24-hour-a-day maintenance of the body's basic metabolism. (newint.org)
  • The good news is that if we change the environments that surround children, the allostatic load drops and they may, with support, return to a more positive pattern of functioning. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When children are removed from potentially traumatizing environments (or the environments change), the trauma may linger and prevent the child from functioning normally. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Kids adapt to whatever environments they are given. (psychologytoday.com)
  • We need to first create supportive environments for our children. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Gender identity and sex-of-rearing in children with disorders of sexual differentiation. (nih.gov)
  • To compare declared sexual identity to sex-of-rearing in individuals with disorders of sexual differentiation. (nih.gov)
  • In 1995, the National Institute of Mental Health published a joint US-Israeli study that found children raised in Israeli communes known as kibbutzim, who received 24-hour day care, were at significantly greater risk of developing schizophrenia and other serious mental disorders. (fathermag.com)
  • 2 , 3 After homosexuality was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4 in 1973, women who had conceived children in the context of heterosexual marriage and identified as lesbian at the time of divorce faced stiff opposition in the courts when they sought to retain custody. (aappublications.org)
  • Various child disorders are examined and discussed, as well as practical methods of establishing a successful parent-therapist partnership. (powells.com)
  • Parent involvement in the treatment of the school phobic child / William Yule -- Developmental disorders. (powells.com)
  • That means kids from dangerous neighborhoods were facing a much greater likelihood of obesity , diabetes, and a host of anxiety and stress related disorders. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Yet while I'm not particularly happy about that, it also makes me optimistic that we can still get to a place where we have both gender equality and a renewed recognition of the needs of children. (slate.com)
  • Hanna's post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child 'gender-free' (not telling anyone its birth sex or permitting the genitals to be seen by anyone but a select few intimates) has had me thinking all day about the chicken-and-egg problem of gender identification. (slate.com)
  • Obviously, you don't have to dress your kid in tutus or football jerseys (or whatever the Swedish equivalent is), but to truly obfuscate all evidence of gender, and keep your child from giving away the game, would require some fancy footwork. (slate.com)
  • I think every mother I know seeks, in some measure, to free her child from the constraint of gender expectations. (slate.com)
  • Photograph of a French child reading a gender-neutral book produced by a Swedish publishing house by STR/AFP/Getty Images. (slate.com)
  • They propose that adjustments to the geometry of the rear seat - including shorter seat cushions, lower seat belt anchorages and contoured seats - could increase comfort, keep the shoulder belt in position and, in side impact crashes, reduce lateral movement. (medindia.net)
  • Effect of increased rear row occupancy on injury to seat belt restrained children in side impact crashes. (chop.edu)
  • Previous work identified a similar risk of injury for children seated on the struck side and center rear in side impact crashes in passenger cars. (chop.edu)
  • Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other professionals, but warmongering politicians did not have any use of their education and professions. (usingenglish.com)
  • Single parent homes are nothing new but bringing up children was a community task. (hubpages.com)
  • There have been several studies finding that children from single parent homes (mostly single mother homes) are more at risk. (fathermag.com)
  • Seventeen percent of children living with only one parent now live with the father. (fathermag.com)
  • Findings indicated creativity and control scores were not significantly related to any of the independent variables, frustration and access to child were significantly related, play was significantly related to sex of parent and length of residence, and teaching/learning was significantly related to sex of parent and educational level. (ed.gov)
  • For children who suffer from ADHD or behavioral conditions, an important thing a parent can do is be sure the child is kept busy. (pregnancyguide4u.com)
  • Be the best parent possible by adding the above advice to your raising a child arsenal. (piyc.co.uk)
  • If you think you are acting in an abusive way or are having a difficult time with your children or yourself as a parent, you may have identified a tendency to be abusive. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • In some states, a parent considering abandonment may be able to take the child to a safe place where they will not be prosecuted. (avroarrow.org)
  • According to US census data, an estimated 270 313 American children were living in households headed by same-sex couples in 2005, and nearly twice that number had a single lesbian or gay parent. (aappublications.org)
  • Parent-child relations. (powells.com)
  • Parent and child. (unt.edu)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Child rearing. (who.int)
  • A 1974 study in the journal Developmental Psychology reported that children who entered day care before their first birthday were 'significantly more aggressive' and more physically and verbally abusive of adults than other children. (fathermag.com)
  • For many reasons women end up taking care of children on their own, and many not by choice depending on the story you hear. (hubpages.com)
  • The education authority of the kibbutz was responsible for the rearing and well being of all the children born on the kibbutz, taking care of their food, clothing and medical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A group of children, all about the same age, shared a children's house and had a nanny who took care of their every day needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social science confirms that children raised in day-care centers and similar institutions are often emotionally maladjusted and mentally impaired. (fathermag.com)
  • Day Care - A Dangerous Experiment in Child-Rearing? (fathermag.com)
  • Tell you what, you stay home for a week and be solely responsible for the care of four small children and see how lazy you can be. (blogspot.com)
  • Although taking care of your children may be your primary focus, it is important to take care of your needs as well. (pregnancyguide4u.com)
  • Find a friend or relative who can care for your children for an hour or two. (piyc.co.uk)
  • Always take care of yourself, even with having children. (piyc.co.uk)
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are over-represented in child protection and out-of-home care services compared to non-Indigenous 1 children. (aifs.gov.au)
  • Children in day care, children cared for by others, or children who spend time alone with other people may be at risk of sexual abuse. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Just by having negative thoughts such as, "I shouldn't have had this child," or "I don't have confidence in child rearing,"or "nobody is supportive of me and gives me a helping hand," the secretion of prolactin can come to a screeching halt, which ultimately stops the production of breastmilk. (childresearch.net)
  • Children learn from siblings, from relatives, through accidents, through the very unpredictability of life. (goodtherapy.org)
  • Many technologies that protect front seat passengers, such as load limiters and pretensioners, are not commonly found in the rear seat even though sled tests and computer modeling suggest that these seat belt features have the potential to reduce the risk of serious head and chest injury for rear seated occupants. (medindia.net)
  • Common vehicle rating systems do not evaluate the safety of rear seat occupants in frontal crashes. (medindia.net)
  • Injury risk was compared among each rear seat position stratified by the presence of other occupants on the rear row. (chop.edu)
  • It is this mutually reinforcing relationship between invisible malnutrition and infection which is responsible for the majority of the 40,000 deaths every day among the developing world's infants and children. (newint.org)
  • I am rearing some beautiful children that will grow up to be healthy, responsible adults. (blogspot.com)
  • Falling out' of education is a rampant problem among gifted children and adults in the Netherlands. (ed.gov)
  • Some women have had their choices taken from them, while others have rejected the idea as a whole, but if we tell the truth and look at society we would notice the cracks in all the philosophies about rearing emotionally healthy individuals. (hubpages.com)
  • Taking some time to pursue your own interests shows your children that different people have different interests, and talents. (pregnancyguide4u.com)
  • In the case of a child growing up in a dangerous environment, bodily functions adapt as best they can. (psychologytoday.com)
  • However, older children who have outgrown child safety seats and booster seats are at greater risk of injury," says Kristy Arbogast, PhD, lead author of the report and director of engineering at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at CHOP. (medindia.net)
  • Preparation and knowledge can have an effect, though, on the results that hard raising a child work brings. (piyc.co.uk)
  • View of the rear elevation of Tammen Hall (1930) at the former location of Children's Hospital, 1056 East Nineteenth (19th) Avenue, in the City Park West neighborhood of Denver, Colorado. (denverlibrary.org)
  • Our review of the current science and data regarding rear seat occupant safety found clear evidence that use of a child restraint system (CRS) is protective for younger children. (medindia.net)
  • If we learned from the evidence and designed communities that made children stronger and more resilient? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Even if you use a different method for feeding older goat kids, getting newborns or kids just starting on hand-feeding comfortable with bottle feeding first will help them have confidence as they transition to the more competitive methods discussed below. (easykeeper.com)
  • Good father figures, someone trustworthy for the child to make and believe, for at least a little while is their personal hero. (hubpages.com)
  • But is it good for our children? (fathermag.com)
  • ottle feeding kids for at least a week after birth will ensure they initially get enough colostrum, and later enough enough milk, to provide the required nutrients for a good start. (easykeeper.com)
  • IIHS rates vehicles good, acceptable, marginal, or poor based on performance in high-speed front and side crash tests plus evaluations of seat/head restraints for protection against neck injuries in rear impacts. (autoblog.com)
  • Establishing clear boundaries and using positive reinforcement will lead to happier, more well adjusted children. (piyc.co.uk)
  • There are an ever-increasing number of drug-exposed children who will in time overrun Head Start programs, early elementary classrooms, and social service agencies. (hhs.gov)
  • In fact, teachers and administrators report increasing numbers of children who lack social skills and have difficulty keeping pace with routine demands. (hhs.gov)
  • According to social agencies, beatings of children have multiplied over the past twenty years. (avroarrow.org)