Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Female parents, human or animal.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The interactions between parent and child.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Educational institutions.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Size and composition of the family.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Male parents, human or animal.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Living facilities for humans.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Child who has no siblings.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).
The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
The status of health in urban populations.
Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
The interactions between the professional person and the family.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.

Initial impact of the Fast Track prevention trial for conduct problems: I. The high-risk sample. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1/208)

Fast Track is a multisite, multicomponent preventive intervention for young children at high risk for long-term antisocial behavior. Based on a comprehensive developmental model, intervention included a universal-level classroom program plus social skills training, academic tutoring, parent training, and home visiting to improve competencies and reduce problems in a high-risk group of children selected in kindergarten. At the end of Grade 1, there were moderate positive effects on children's social, emotional, and academic skills; peer interactions and social status; and conduct problems and special-education use. Parents reported less physical discipline and greater parenting satisfaction/ease of parenting and engaged in more appropriate/consistent discipline, warmth/positive involvement, and involvement with the school. Evidence of differential intervention effects across child gender, race, site, and cohort was minimal.  (+info)

Wechsler subscale IQ and subtest profile in early treated phenylketonuria. (2/208)

AIM: Mildly depressed IQ is common in treated phenylketonuria. This study explored whether a particular intellectual ability profile typifies early and continuously treated phenylketonuria and whether component skills comprising the IQ relate to socioeconomic and treatment factors. METHODS: IQ scores were collected retrospectively from variants of the "Wechsler intelligence scale for children" performed at age 8 on 57 children with early treated, classic phenylketonuria. The mental ability pattern underlying IQ was investigated by analysing subscale and subtest scores and dietary factors, such as historical phenylalanine blood concentrations. RESULTS: The children's mean full scale IQ of 91.11 was significantly below the healthy population norm. There was a significant discrepancy between their mean verbal IQ (94.65) and mean performance IQ (89.42), suggestive of a spatial deficit, but the data did not support a biochemical or sociological explanation. Individual Wechsler subtests had no distinctive pattern. Phenylalanine control at age 2 was predictive of overall IQ. At this age, children with annual median phenylalanine < 360 micromol/litre (recommended UK upper limit) had a mean IQ 10 points higher than those above. CONCLUSIONS: Early and continuous treatment of phenylketonuria does not necessarily lead to normalisation of overall IQ. Verbal intelligence in the primary school years appears to normalise if blood phenylalanine is maintained below 360 micromol/litre in infancy, but spatial intelligence may remain poor. However, the discrepancy in skill development is not the result of social status or treatment variables. Perhaps weak spatial intelligence is an ancillary effect of a protective rearing style occasioned by the dietary treatment regimen.  (+info)

If I shouldn't spank, what should I do? Behavioural techniques for disciplining children. (3/208)

OBJECTIVE: To provide family physicians with a guide for evaluating discipline problems, giving suggestions for parental guidance, and diagnosing problems when discipline guidance fails. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1990 to the present produced articles reviewing research on aspects of discipline. Case-control studies, expert opinion, and position statements published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Paediatric Society were chosen as a basis for this article. In a special supplement in 1996, a pediatric journal reviewed the controversy of spanking as an effective disciplinary method, with comments by noted researchers and clinicians. Other authors reviewed research evaluating discipline techniques. MAIN MESSAGE: Discipline problems require evaluation of children, parents, and parent-child relationships, including assessment of child development and evaluation of parenting skills and parental stressors. Parents can learn techniques more effective than spanking. Physicians can review discipline strategies and guide parents through difficult situations. Monitoring progress is important, and immediate reassessment of the situation if techniques are failing or referral to a specialist will increase the chances of a successful intervention. CONCLUSION: Discipline problems are complex and require careful assessment. Guiding parents during these types of problems requires close follow up and reevaluation when methods do not have the expected effect.  (+info)

Cognitive development of term small for gestational age children at five years of age. (4/208)

AIM: To assess the relative significance for cognitive development of small for gestational age, parental demographic factors, and factors related to the child rearing environment. METHODS: IQ of a population based cohort of 338 term infants who were small for gestational age (SGA) and without major handicap, and a random control sample of 335 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants were compared at 5 years of age. RESULTS: The mean non-verbal IQ was four points lower, while the mean verbal IQ was three points lower for the children in the SGA group. The results were not confounded by parental demographic or child rearing factors. However, parental factors, including maternal non-verbal problem solving abilities, and child rearing style, accounted for 20% of the variance in non-verbal IQ, while SGA versus AGA status accounted for only 2%. The comparable numbers for verbal IQ were 30 and 1%. Furthermore, we found no evidence that the cognitive development of SGA children was more sensitive to a non-optimal child rearing environment than that of AGA children. Maternal smoking at conception was associated with a reduction in mean IQ comparable to that found for SGA status, and this effect was the same for SGA and AGA children. The cognitive function of asymmetric SGA was comparable to that of symmetric SGA children. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that child cognitive development is strongly associated with parental factors, but only marginally associated with intrauterine growth retardation.  (+info)

Supportive communities for children and families. (5/208)

Starting from the premise that strong families are a key factor in building healthy communities, the author recounts what children need to become productive members of society and what families need to help children succeed. The author describes what communities can do to help families and calls for the public will to support families as they struggle to raise healthy, successful children.  (+info)

Risk factors for severe child discipline practices in rural India. (6/208)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the type and severity of discipline practices in rural India and to identify risk and protective factors related to these practices. METHODS: Five hundred mothers, ages 18-50, participated in face-to-face interviews as part of a cross-sectional, population-based survey. One of the mother's children was randomly selected as the referent child. The interview focused primarily on discipline practices and spousal violence. Sociodemographic characteristics, neighbor support, residential stability, and husband's drinking behavior were also assessed. RESULTS: Nearly half of the mothers reported using severe verbal discipline and 42% reported using severe physical discipline. While common, severe discipline practices occurred less frequently than moderate practices and had different risk factors, notably low maternal education and spousal violence. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that increased formal education for rural women in India may have the added benefit of reducing family violence, including spouse and child abuse.  (+info)

Community Mothers Programme--seven year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of non-professional intervention in parenting. (7/208)

BACKGROUND: The Community Mothers Programme aims at using experienced volunteer mothers in disadvantaged areas to give support to first-time parents in rearing their children up to 1 year of age. The programme was evaluated by randomized controlled trial in 1990. METHODS: Seven years later, trial participants were interviewed about child health, nutrition, cognitive stimulation, parenting skills, and maternal self-esteem. The aim of this study was to see whether the demonstrated benefits at 1 year of age of this programme could be sustained at age 8. RESULTS: One-third of the original group (38 intervention, 38 control), were contacted and interviewed. The risk for having an accident requiring a hospital visit was lower in the intervention group: relative risk (RR) 0.59, 95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 0.31-1.11. Intervention children were more likely to visit the library weekly: RR 1.58, 95 per cent CI 1.10-2.26. Intervention mothers were more likely to check homework every night: RR 1.23, 95 per cent CI 1.05-1.43 (p=0.006); and to disagree with the statement 'children should be smacked for persistently bad behaviour': RR 2.11, 95 per cent CI 1.10-4.06. They were more likely to disagree with the statement 'I do not have much to be proud of': RR 1.24, 95 per cent CI 1.04-1.40; and to make a positive statement about motherhood than controls: RR 1.53, 95 per cent CI 1.06-2.20. Subsequent children of intervention mothers were more likely to have completed Haemophilus influenzae b: RR 1.26, 95 per cent CI 1.06-1.51; and polio immunization: RR 1.19, 95 per cent CI 1.02-1.40. CONCLUSIONS: The Community Mothers programme had sustained beneficial effects on parenting skills and maternal self-esteem 7 years later with benefit extending to subsequent children.  (+info)

Parenting stress in mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants: a function of infant behavioral characteristics and child-rearing attitudes. (8/208)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of child-rearing attitudes on the relation between parenting stress and infant behavioral characteristics for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants. METHODS: Fifty-six 9-month-old infants (23 VLBW and 33 full-term) and their mothers were the participants. Mothers completed measures of parenting stress, child-rearing attitudes, infant temperament, and infant behavioral problems. RESULTS: The VLBW infants had a higher frequency of behavioral problems, and their mothers reported more child health concerns than the mothers of the full-term infants. Regression analyses showed that the relation between parenting stress and infant distress was moderated at medium and high levels of parental strictness for only the VLBW infants. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of stress the mothers of the VLBW infants experienced was a result of the congruence between their infant's behavioral characteristics and their own child-rearing attitudes.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Child-rearing ability and the provision of fertility services. T2 - A committee opinion. AU - Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. AU - Amato, Paula. AU - Brzyski, Robert. AU - Benward, Jean. AU - Stein, Andrea. AU - Steinbock, Bonnie. AU - Wilder, Bruce. AU - Francis, Leslie. AU - Reindollar, Richard. AU - Robertson, John. AU - Daar, Judith. AU - Fisseha, Senait. AU - Ralston, Steven. AU - Sauer, Mark. AU - Spillman, Monique. AU - Rebar, Robert. AU - Tipton, Sean. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2013 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.. PY - 2013/7/1. Y1 - 2013/7/1. N2 - Fertility programs may withhold services when there are reasonable grounds for thinking that patients will not provide adequate child-rearing to offspring. This document was reviewed and updated and this version replaces the previous version of this document, reviewed in June 2009.. AB - Fertility programs may withhold services when there are reasonable grounds for thinking ...
In family healthcare nursing, the family system unit (i.e., a group in which the members, seen as a whole, mutually interact) is the target of care. As nurses tend to obtain family-related information from particular family members in the clinical setting, when assessing families, they often confront the issue of the differences between the theoretical level and methodological level. Although this issue needs resolving for evidence-based family nursing practice, sufficient research is lacking on the methodology related to family assessment. The present study aimed to clarify the factors that affected evaluation of family functioning among couples. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE) as a family functioning scale. Content analysis identified 12 factors that affected discrepancies in the couples evaluations and eight factors that affected agreement in those evaluations. These factors were classified into three
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The child abuse charges surrounding Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson have reignited discussions about child discipline.
In New Zealand, the Ministry of Social Developments Family and Community Services adapted PAT into a program known in New Zealand as Parents as First Teachers (PAFT)*. The ministry contracted with community organizations to implement PAFT and managed, coordinated, and monitored the program. When developing the model, PAFT New Zealand negotiated with the PAT national office in the United States to adapt the PAT program to meet the needs of New Zealand families, including Māori and Pasifika families, indigenous populations of New Zealand and the Pacific Island nations.. PAFT (New Zealand) served families with children from birth to age 3 who were at risk of poor educational outcomes through home visits, linkages to other community services, and group meetings. The PAFT curriculum had two components: the PAT programs Born to Learn curriculum and Āhuru Mōwai. The latter was developed for the PAFT program and was based on Māori traditional beliefs and child-rearing practices. PAFT materials ...
Meeting a lot of physically aggressive and violent partners in your search for love?. Psychiatric Quarterly published a study that attempts to explain the violence and shed more light into the matter.. The study particularly hinted a strong link between babyhood physical abuse and violence in adult dating, and in so doing discredited spanking as cause.. Though spanking, as a method of child discipline, is doomed by the American Psychological Association, wording on non-abusive spanking is unclear.. Though past research has tied spanking to negative effects, other scholars have seen incomplete proof of its undesirable outcomes.. Christopher J. Ferguson, lead author of the research, clarifies that this confusion may be because previous researchers have failed to differentiate between the outcomes of spanking and those of a more intense physical abuse.. The expert focused specifically on a 2018 research that released puzzling results. The researchers of the controversial study (Temple & associates ...
Overview Ann Cooper Whitalls diary entries focus on descriptions of Quaker meetings, illnesses within her family and community, reflections on religion and the perceived failure of Whitalls community to live up to its ideals, and discussions concerning effective child-rearing practices.. ...
Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex or permitting the genital ...
Image via Wikipedia Hat tip to Daniel MacArthur who points to this story from CNN. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future For about $880, Chinese parents can sign their kids up…
Dear Motherhood, Im stoked. I think I have pre-maturely figured you out via through sitting on of Babies. And by Babies, I mean one really stellar near-eight year old girl in particular. Her name is Kate. Step one: Give the Kate at least two hours to dance it out to High School Musical Two. The…
At the meeting, their lawyers requested ministry officials to make on-site inspections to investigate JALs night-shift exemption system; instruct the company to abolish the system of no-pay days and to rectify the system; and require it to fulfill its corporate responsibility in dealing with the falling birthrate ...
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Chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) is a disease that affects adults in their child-rearing years and is often incurable and of indefinite duration. Children and adolescents who live with parental CNCP can endure multiple adversities and experience subsequent emotional and somatic difficulties. Resilience is the ability to overcome adversity and even experience growth. This study is a secondary analysis of qualitative data, which sought to gain a deeper understanding of the ways in which children and adolescents rebound and grow from experiences living with parents who suffer with CNCP. Young adult children (N = 30) of parents with CNCP were interviewed. Content analysis yielded five ways in which their experiences led to areas of positive growth: (a) expanded ways of understanding; (b) cultivated a strong character; (c) aided in the development of important skills; (d) instilled a commitment to live well, and; (e) nurtured spirituality. Clinicians who work with children and adolescents whose parents are
Although no exact formula for marital bliss exists, a University of Missouri researcher has found that husbands and wives are happier when they share household and child-rearing responsibilities. However, sharing responsibilities ...
Theres a whirl of trendy child-rearing theories out there. Right now, ways of helping your kids develop resilience, grit and self-regulation lead the pack
But it is useless without the next step, which must be the end of the 50-year war against the married family. For here is a simple point. A childs own parents, and this means a mother and a father, have to work in concert. And they have to care so much about the children in their charge that they are ready to say no to them, and mean it. No is the most important word a child will ever hear, and if he doesnt hear it often enough then he will be well on the way to a feral adulthood.. Statistically, no is much more likely to be said in a stable, married family, the kind we are fast abolishing. Divorced parents and step-parents can be manipulated into undermining each other. Paid strangers will do anything for a quiet life.. As a result, there is a disastrous and widespread model of child-rearing that combines soppy indulgence with neglect. So many children now come into the schools who have not been civilised (or even house-trained in some cases) that it is quite unreasonable to expect ...
As a parent perhaps our greatest worry is am I spending enough time actually raising my child? Its tough. We must provide for our offspring while rearing them in a rewarding relationship, but the concerns and duties of everyday adult life-employment, housing, domestic chores, etc.-all conspire to pull our attention away from our wee one(s). Relax. This is normal. Instagram, Disney movies and glossy magazine spreads are lying to us. Even the most organized and financially secure people struggle with child-rearing. So for the other 99% of us, the challenge is to find a work-life balance. Raising Emotionally Secure Kids Children naturally reach out to their parents when they need or want something until they are taught to do otherwise through admonishment or neglect. What children need most of all is our attention and our approval/acceptance. When we spend time focused on our child, they feel worthwhile and worthy of love and respect. These concepts are something best modelled for the ...
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For decades the science of child-rearing was guided by patriarchal ideas, but now the cradle rocks to an older rhythm. Eric Michael Johnson, in conversation with eminent evolutionary biologists Sarah Hrdy and Robert Trivers, explores how Mother Nature and the social network that nurtured our past have been remembered at last
CNN reports: At the Chongqing Childrens Palace, experts are hoping to revolutionize child-rearing with the help of science. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future. The test is conducted by the Shanghai…. ...
The new ideal of the small family arose typically in the urban industrial society. It is impossible to be precise about the various causal factors, but apparently many were important. Urban life stripped the family of many functions in production, consumption, recreation, and education. In factory employment the individual stood on his own accomplishments. The new mobility of young people and the anonymity of city life reduced the pressures toward traditional behavior exerted by the family and community. In a period of rapidly developing technology new skills were needed, and new opportunities for individual advancement arose. Education and a rational point of view became increasingly important. As a consequence the cost of child-rearing grew and the possibilities for economic contributions by children declined. Falling death rates at once increased the size of the family to be supported and lowered the inducements to have many births. Women, moreover, found new independence from household ...
Marriage is the human institution build around mating and child-rearing. That does not mean that every marriage must have a child, any more than every sperm must find an egg. Things fail to fulfill their functions all the time - which is one reason why Mother Nature is so massively redundant, supplying men with massive numbers of sperm, each of which is built for finding and joining with an egg, but the vast majority of which never do any such thing.. This being the case, people might be forgiven for boggling at the very idea of homosexual marriage. The very idea is like pants for trees. It doesnt make sense. If someone actually claims to be sewing pants for trees, sews them around trees so that trees can wear them, its reasonable for an onlooker to say, well, youre sewing cloth around a tree, but its not actually pants, it is only vaguely analogous to pants, so calling it pants for trees has a large element of make-believe.. This doesnt mean that anyone wants to actually stop ...
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There are differences in importance within the scientific career arcs, for different work/life balance issues. And yes, the reason most presentations sponsored by your local post-doc association and/or academic society focus on child-bearing and child-rearing issues is because they are deemed most important. So while you are feeling miffed at yet another one focused on…
There are differences in importance within the scientific career arcs, for different work/life balance issues. And yes, the reason most presentations sponsored by your local post-doc association and/or academic society focus on child-bearing and child-rearing issues is because they are deemed most important. So while you are feeling miffed at yet another one focused on…
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A Study of Success, according to a study released Thursday, the opposite may be true: Spanking a child may produce long-term ill effects. Based on interviews Does Spanking Lead Children to the mothers Does Spanking Lead Children to about 3, children, researcher Murray Straus of the University of New Does Spanking Lead Children to found that corporal punishment Does Spanking Lead Children to counterproductive, resulting Does Spanking Lead Children to more antisocial Write My Essay Now Who To Turn by children in Does Spanking Lead Children to years.. Parents may not see this Does Spanking Lead Children to effect Does Spanking Lead Children to it happens over weeks or months, according to the study, which appears in the latest issue of the American Medical Associations Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Researchers analyzed survey data from mothers visual studio 2008 report server project tutorial children ages 6 to 9, taken in and They compared levels fs c2626mfp fax confirmation ...
Background This study contrasted annual rates of difficult behaviours in emergency departments among cohorts of individuals who were homeless and low-income housed and examined predictors of these events. Methods Interviews in 1999 with men who were chronically homeless with drinking problems (CHDP) (n = 50), men from the general homeless population (GH) (n = 61), and men residing in low-income housing (LIH) (n = 58) were linked to catchment area emergency department records (n = 2817) from 1994 to 1999. Interview and hospital data were linked to measures of difficult behaviours. Results Among the CHDP group, annual rates of visits with difficult behaviours were 5.46; this was 13.4 (95% CI 10.3-16.5) and 14.3 (95% CI 11.2-17.3) times higher than the GH and LIH groups. Difficult behaviour incidents included physical violence, verbal abuse, uncooperativeness, drug seeking, difficult histories and security involvement. Difficult behaviours made up
1 June 2018, CRC/C/LSO/CO/2 Unedited advance version, Concluding observations on second report, paras. 26, 27 and 29). The Committee notes that corporal punishment is prohibited in schools by law. However, the Committee is seriously concerned that corporal punishment is not explicitly prohibited by law at home, in alternative care settings, day care or penal institutions and that it continues to be used at school despite prohibition.. With reference to its general comment No. 8 (2006) on corporal punishment, the Committee urges the State party to:. (a) Explicitly prohibit corporal punishment in all settings by law;. (b) Effectively enforce the prohibition of corporal punishment in schools and provide children with a complaints mechanism in schools so that they can safely and confidentially report cases of corporal punishment;. (c) Provide programmes for parents, teachers, and professionals that work with and for children to encourage the use of alternative non-violent forms of discipline and ...
3 June 2016, CRC/C/GBR/CO/5, Concluding observations on fifth report, para. 40). With reference to its general comment No. 8 and its previous recommendations, the Committee urges the State party, in all devolved administrations, Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies, to:. a) prohibit as a matter of priority all corporal punishment in the family, including through the repeal of all legal defences, such as reasonable chastisement;. b) ensure that corporal punishment is explicitly prohibited in all schools and educational institutions and all other institutions and forms of alternative care;. c) strengthen its efforts to promote positive and non-violent forms of discipline and respect for childrens equal right to human dignity and physical integrity, with a view to eliminating the general acceptance of the use of corporal punishment in child-rearing.. Committee on the Rights of the Child. (20 October 2008, CRC/C/GBR/CO/4, Concluding observations on third/fourth report, paras. 40, 41 and ...
There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7-10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup ...
The strongest causal evidence that customary spanking increases antisocial behavior is based on prospective studies that control statistically for initial antisocial differences. None of those studies have investigated alternative disciplinary tactics that parents could use instead of spanking, however. Further, the small effects in those studies could be artifactual due to residual confounding, reflecting child effects on the frequency of all disciplinary tactics. This study re-analyzes the strongest causal evidence against customary spanking and uses these same methods to determine whether alternative disciplinary tactics are more effective in reducing antisocial behavior. This study re-analyzed a study by Straus et al.[1] on spanking and antisocial behavior using a sample of 785 children who were 6 to 9 years old in the 1988 cohort of the American National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The comprehensiveness and reliability of the covariate measure of initial antisocial behavior were varied to test
Physical punishment is a serious public health problem in the United States, and it profoundly affects the mental health of children and the society in which we live. Studies show that over 60% of families use physical punishment to discipline children. Yet, the research shows that physical punishment is associated with an increase in delinquency, antisocial behavior, and aggression in children, and a decrease in the quality of the parent-child relationship, mental health, and the childs capacity to internalize socially acceptable behavior. Adults who have been subject to physical punishment as children are more likely to abuse their own child or spouse and to manifest criminal behavior (1).. Spanking is a euphemism for hitting. One is not permitted to hit ones spouse or a stranger; these actions are considered domestic violence and/or assault. Nor should one be permitted to hit a smaller and even more vulnerable child. Hitting a child elicits precisely the feelings one does not want to ...
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Defenders of spanking will say that when delivered in a calm and loving manner, a moderate spanking can be effective to change a childs behavior. Unfortunately, research does not support the finding that spanking is effective. And that is typically not when or how spanking happens. Most parents use spanking out of frustration, when they are angry, and cant get their child to behave the way they want. They hit the child, knowing the child is defenseless, cant fight back and will recoil in pain or cry, and temporally stop doing something. However, the research confirms that it increases resentment and anger of a child towards a parent and frays the trust that is supposed to protect them, not hurt them. And when do parents typically stop spanking? When their child is old enough and big enough to pose a threat that they might fight back.. If you are frustrated with a co-worker, do you reach out and swat them? Of course not, since it would be a crime, but one with many other possible consequences ...
WHEREAS, schools and child-care facilities are the only institutions in America in which striking another person for the purpose of causing physical pain is legal,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is humiliating and degrading to children and sometimes causes physical injury,. WHEREAS, it is difficult to imagine Jesus of Nazareth condoning any action that is intended to hurt children physically or psychologically,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment sends a message that hitting smaller and weaker people is acceptable,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is used most often on poor children, minorities, children with disabilities, and boys,. WHEREAS, there are effective alternatives to corporal punishment that teach children to be self-disciplined rather than to submit out of fear,. WHEREAS, schools and child-care centers should inspire children to enjoy learning and school and child-care personnel should be able to encourage positive behavior without hitting children,. Therefore, be it resolved, that The United ...
Objective. This qualitative study used Twitter to examine stay-at-home parents' publicly available postings to Twitter about discipline and spanking. Many adults still support the use of spanking despite a substantial body of evidence demonstrating that spanking is linked to a range of negative child outcomes. Little is currently known about how parents think about spanking as a disciplinary practice and how parents express these beliefs online.. Method. Five million publicly available tweets were collected from self-identified stay-at-home parents. Tweets were screened for discipline and spanking content. A qualitative analysis was conducted on the final set of tweets (N= 648).. Results. Stay-at-home parents were most likely to tweet about information related to discipline and spanking compared to tweets that made up other global themes (e.g., discipline tips). Parents most commonly posted tweets that reflected their anti-spanking beliefs compared to tweets that made up other subthemes ...
Health,...Corporal punishment at 3 linked to behavior changes at age 5 study su...MONDAY April 12 (HealthDay News) --Spanking children when theyre 3 s...In other words the old Ill-give-you-something-to-cry-about approac... We all know that children need guidance and discipline but parents s...,Spanking,May,Make,a,Child,More,Aggressive,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Texas spanking case: After two teenage girls were bruised by male assistant principals spanking them, the Springfield, Texas, high school district chose to amend its policy to require administrators doing the spanking be the same gender as the student getting spanked.
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Families seem divided almost down the middle on the issue of whether spanking is an acceptable form of discipline. In response to the question: Is physical punishment on a child unacceptable for you?†48% of people expressed opinion that corporal punishment is an effective way of upbringing, according to (dating app), which collected the results in a course of a poll, conducted between 9/1/14 and 11/21/14.. The NFLs recent action of suspending Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson without pay for the rest of the season and not allowing him to be eligible for reinstatement before April 15, gave way to social media frenzy once again about child rearing and child abuse. The league stated it suspended Peterson for violating the personal conduct policy after pleading no contest to a charge of reckless assault. He had been arrested for spanking his 4-year-old son with a switch, inflicting scratches and welts on the childs arms, legs and genitals.. It was Petersons ...
Last month the South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) took a strong stand against the common practice of physical punishment. Its a position that could have far-reaching consequences for childrens rights. What started as a dispute about a churchs promotion of physical punishment will lead to a legal ban on all forms of corporal punishment in the home - that is, if Cabinet follows the SAHRCs recommendations and initiates a law reform process that stops parents and caregivers from smacking their children.
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Although 32 countries across the world have banned physical punishment, parents so called right to spank remains a legal practice in the United States. A new research will only spark more controversies as spanking and other physical punishment have been linked to mental disorders.. Two years ago, a study by the University of North Carolina estimated 80 percent of U.S. preschool children are spanked. According to the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment, both the United States and Canada have not abolished the so called parents right to apply physical punishment. A Canadian study shows the consequences are more significant over the years, as physical punishment leads to mental disorders.. The journal Pediatrics published today a study looking at a very sensitive subject. Researchers with Canadas University of Manitoba, Department of Community Health Sciences, investigated the link between different sorts of maltreatment in childhood and the development of mental disorders. ...
If children tend to pay any price at all when the father is absent, that price is largely in their standard of living. Its financial. But growing up poor in and of itself also does not necessitate a bad child rearing outcome. The actual causes of negative child rearing problems correlating with the disparate and nonhomogeneous classification of fatherless homes (or single mother households) are disguised and distorted by statistics which lump into that category, not only demographic groups which do NOT exhibit these bad child-rearing outcomes, but also all those homes which are fatherless precisely because of the very same factors which down the road affected the children. These factors include: adultery, wife and child abuse; addictions to alcohol, sex, and drugs, other personality dysfunctions; conflict, and plain old abandonment, financial irresponsibility and failure to support (emotionally or financially.) The other primary and telling difference between fatherless homes which do ...
View Webinar , View PowerPoint Slides. The second webinar in the series, Disadvantaged Men as Fathers, will be presented by Lonnie Berger from the UW-Madison Institute for Research on Poverty. The role of men in families has changed over the past several decades; at the same time, the structure of families has become increasingly diverse. While fathers once primarily served as family providers, their role now includes a wide range of child-rearing activities, and they are much more likely to be actively engaged in childrens care. In addition, the father figures in childrens lives may include nonresident biological fathers and resident social fathers (men who are married to or living with childrens mothers) as well as resident biological fathers. Children born to disadvantaged parents are particularly likely to experience multiple types of father figures. This webinar will review current theory and empirical evidence regarding young disadvantaged mens involvement with children to whom they ...
Human Herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) is the known etiologic agent for several malignant pathologies, including Kaposis sarcoma (KS), the most common tumor in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Saliva is implicated as the culprit of transmission; however there is a paucity of information regarding transmission to young children. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that household behaviors exposing the susceptible child to saliva increase the risk of transmission of HHV-8 to that child. To test our hypothesis a large prospective cohort study in Lusaka, Zambia, enrolling 464 young children and their households, was followed for 48 months. Socio-demographics, health histories, feeding and child-rearing behaviors were assessed. At enrollment, 75 HHV-8 positive children were analyzed for existing risk factors contributing to HHV-8 seropositivity. Analysis for independent variables found that for each additional HHV-8 positive household member, there was 2.5 greater odds for the child to be HHV-8 positive (P |
The American Academy of Pediatrics (1999) found both potential benefits and risks in infant circumcision, however, there was insufficient data to recommend routine neonatal circumcision. In situations involving potential benefits and risks, and no immediate urgency, they state that parents should determine what is in the best interest of the child. They continue, To make an informed choice, parents of all male infants should be given accurate and unbiased information and be provided the opportunity to discuss this decision. They said, In the pluralistic society of the United States in which parents are afforded wide authority for determining what constitutes appropriate child-rearing and child welfare, it is legitimate for the parents to take into account cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions, in addition to medical factors, when making this choice. If a decision to circumcise is made, the AAP recommend using analgesia to reduce pain, and also said that circumcision on newborns should ...
I think we all begin our motherhood journey with an idea of what will define our parenting. At least I did. Either that, or something snatches your attention and your heart along the way and you think to yourself, yes! I like that! This absolutely happened for me, and it happened though a beautiful book called Simplicity Parenting by Kim John Payne. When I became a mother I knew that I wanted the kind of childhood for my babies that I had. Lots of outdoor time, family trips to the beach and to Eastern Oregon, siblings to play with, and slow easy summers. And Disneyland! Let us never forget Disneyland. But somewhere along the way I started to read about an old, intentional, slow kind of child-rearing. About not beginning formal education until a child is seven, starting every day with at least an hour of outdoor play time, singing and crafting your way through the day, and fairy tale magic. I got turned on to Waldorf education. And immediately I was mesmerized by the images of these woolen ...
The parenting skills in this article can make a big difference in raising children. Whether its kids or teenagers, this essential parenting advice can go a long way in the relationship between parents and children.
I found other toys that address breast-feeding, and even more intense stuff like vaginal and cesarean births, by MamAmor. I think I like them better. They educate children about the realities of birth and child-rearing (placenta included!) in a way that doesnt get involved with the sexual maturity of the child. Theres a time and a place for girls to make the connection between their own bodies and the biological details of where babies come from, and while I wont comment on when and where that is, the MamAmor dolls make defining that method fun, interesting, beautiful, and flexible. A Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) doll is a great example. It takes a real, often dangerous situation and crafts it into a beautiful doll that allows children to learn about the whats and hows of birth-and even breastfeeding (sans sound effects)-in a safe way and non-scary way (unlike my introduction to cesareans on The Learning Channel). Ultimately, you have girls that learn about their bodies and ...
Real citation: Heres the story of my life: pre-kid, I had no opinion on pacifiers, pro or con. (I think I was too busy having other child-rearing opinions that would turn out to have little in common with my own parenting reality.) Then when my daughter was born and turned out to prefer screaming to sleeping and I was going a little crazy, I decided three days old was just the right time to develop a first addiction, and I did not care if she ended up in braces for life or took it to college with her. I popped a pacifier in her mouth, she sucked for 10 seconds, and then looked really annoyed and spit it out. I tried again. This time she spit it about a foot and gave me a rageful look that said, Do you think Im an idiot? Nothings coming out of that! I only tried maybe 30 more times after that, and never had even a little bit of success. Thats what I get for being pro-binky-nuk-sucky-lovey-ya-ya I guess ...
These findings have striking implications for how we think about morality. Economists tend to pride themselves on being hardheaded realists: morality might be a nice set of ideas about how people ought to behave, this way of thinking goes, but economics is the analysis of how they really behave, motivated not by stirring ethical values but by the desire for personal gain. Perhaps ironically, religions tend to share a similar view: that moral conduct doesnt come naturally but instead needs to be imposed through fear or the promise of reward. Zak himself was raised in a staunch Catholic household: his mother, he likes to say, took him out of Catholic school because it wasnt strict enough and based her child-rearing on the assumption that unselfish, moral behaviour was impossible without the ever-present threat of punishment, the more terrifying the better. Yet the fact that natural selection has given us oxytocin - a mechanism that allows us to be instinctively trusting and kind - suggests ... Frankly my view is that this isnt usually a factor for individuals but in the aggregate and especially in economics its almost always the prime suspect. While published accounts about people who pulled themselves higher on willpower borne of self confidence make this seem downright common, stories rarely get written about those whose similar attitudes and actions didnt produce the brass ring. Still Id I think its fair to say that those who aim low rarely exceed their targets by far, so even if the odds are against those who believe, theyre better positioned than those who dont.. This question has interesting implications for child-rearing I think. Is it better to have a child who believes that literally anything is possible for him or her? Or should their attitudes be tempered by a realistic assessment of their strengths and weaknesses?. With respect to bouncing back we can look at dueling cliches, like the definition of insanity ...
As I become more experienced and knowledgeable in the areas of gardening and raising children, I have observed that they have something in common - there is a lot of folklore and half-truths about each that has been passed down from one generation to the next. For both, the folklore may come in the form of problem diagnosis, treatment, or simple tips on growing (or child-rearing) techniques.Some of the gardening folklore actually has some factual or logical basis. One example has to do with members of the cucurbit family - squash, melons, pumpkins, and cucumbers.
It is my firm belief, based on years of experience that the pattern and strains of modern life have altered the way a woman feels, looks and behaves. In traditional families women reign the affairs of the family and were called housewives as they worked at home. The power they held was real and their pre-eminence in matters such as child-rearing, family health, domestic spending and, in wealthier homes, staff training and discipline was undisputed. However, in a money-based economy, wealth equals power and a healthy balance of duties and responsibilities can easily become distorted in favour of whoever holds the purse strings. Women discovered they had to work harder than their male counterparts to prove their equality.. Working women with family often found the larger part of household chores and of maintaining the family glue still fell to them, testing their energy levels to the limit; they would juggle job and family commitments and wrestle with guilt when one detracted from the other. ...
A memoir of friendship and literature chronicling a search for meaning and comfort in great books, and a beautiful path out of grief. Anne Gisleson had lost her twin sisters, had been forced to flee her home during Hurricane Katrina, and had witnessed cancer take her beloved father. Before she met her husband, Brad, he had suffered his own trauma, losing his partner and the mother of his son to cancer in her young thirties. How do we keep moving forward, Anne asks, amid all this loss and threat? The answer: We do it together. Anne and Brad, in the midst of forging their happiness, found that their friends had been suffering their own losses and crises as well: loved ones gone, rocky marriages, tricky child-rearing, jobs lost or gained, financial insecurities or unexpected windfalls. Together these resilient New Orleanians formed what they called the Existential Crisis Reading Group, which they jokingly dubbed The Futilitarians. From Epicurus to Tolstoy, from Cheever to Amis to Lispector, ...
Married mentors assist the Pastor in preparing engaged couples for marriage by establishing a rapport with them and discussing pertinent issues relating to newlywed life and the life of marriage. The engaged couple participates in a pre-marriage inventory which covers a full range of marriage issues such as effective interpersonal communication, religious beliefs, social interests, child-rearing beliefs and financial philosophy. Using the inventory as a platform, life strategies and skills are discussed to assist the couple to come together so as to experience increased satisfaction and fruitfulness in their marriage.. ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too. But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too. But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
How do I produce dopamine upon detecting your pheromones? Let me count the ways … p. 37. I shall not compare thee to a summers day, given the imprecision of nonliteral, subjective representations of the natural world … p. 47. Let me not to the marriage of true minds admit that the dramatic increase in the Western males lifespan from 1950 to the present has rendered superfluous the average 25.7 years of marital cohabitation that must be negotiated post-child-rearing, child-rearing being the primary evolutionary impetus behind the persistence of monogamous tendencies in frontal-lobe circuitry … pp. 56-78. Love is patient. Love stimulates mammalian brain attributes associated with care-giving and species survival … p. 80. My mistress eyes exist in a symbiotic relationship with the sun, the former filtering solar emissions for the purpose of fixing circadian rhythms whilst transmitting data to the optic nerve … p. 86. O rose, thou art bearing a recessive genetic defect that ...
The Exchange Club Parenting Skills Center breaks the cycle of child abuse with home based remedial & preventative intervention for abused and neglected children and their families.
Lets discuss Online Parenting Course With Certificate and gentle alternatives to spanking your kids. These techniques work even better than spanking and dont harm your childs developing brain ...
Being a successful parent in todays world is a very challenging, yet rewarding task. Being able to review this material in the privacy of your own home, at free moments when you are able to do so, will allow you the time and opportunity to really get to grips with the subtle skills reviewed throughout the course. Everyones schedules vary, so you pick the times to review the material that fit in with your lifestyle.. Also, a lot of parents dont like asking for help and in some cases, dont like admitting they need help. Some parents may just be a little bit curious to see if theres anything that might assist in a particular situation with their child. Then there are parents who simply cannot leave the home for one of many reasons to attend a course. In each of these cases, Parenting Skills Online is the perfect answer to learning a few tips and techniques without having to tell or ask anyone. And, if you still have a query after doing the course, Supernanny will attempt to steer you in the ...
Ecourse Parenting Skill adalah kursus online yang berisikan video panduan bagi orang tua untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang cara-cara memahami dan mengoptimalkan potensi terbaik dalam diri dan buah hatiTak hanya itu e-course ini juga memberikan cara mudah memotivasi anak sesuai genetiknya, sekaligus belajar dari berbagai study kasus dari balita sampai remaja.Anda…
Lets discuss Toddler Very Clingy and gentle alternatives to spanking your kids. These techniques work even better than spanking and dont harm your childs developing brain ...
Welcome to the very, very exciting A-Z Spanking Hop Q Day Quiz! This is your opportunity to impress the world with your knowledge of spanking romance titles based on their cover art. Below are 22 books by 22 great authors (well 21 great authors and me, to be fair). Using the latest state-of-the-art digital manipulation technologies, I have cunning obscured the book titles and provided you with a choice of four different options for the missing title. Some of them are even plausible. I would suggest trying to complete the quiz without looking them up because on Amazon because just going off and reading the things isnt terribly sporting and might reduce your sense of achievement just a tad. In fact when you should probably avoid glancing to the right of this page as that gives you a bit of a clue to one of them Good luck! Let me know how well you did in the comments or on facebook. Of course, anyone who fails to get question number 8 correct will be instantly defriended. ...
Spanking stories involve characters who like to spank or be spanked. They could be over the knee (otk) spanking stories, or people being spanked with a cane, paddle, flat of the hand, tied up against an X-shaped bondage device, or any other imaginative form of subtle
Please do not use this thread to post your opposition to spanking. Thank you. For those who agree with spanking that is controlled, done in love,...
Healthy Steps for Young Children: Sustained Results at 5.5 Years (2007). Pediatrics, 150(4), 658-668.. Fifteen of the original 24 sites were included in an independent national program evaluation. The national evaluation was charged with assessing the process, outcomes, costs, and sustainability of the program. The sample included 5,565 children and their parents (intervention and control) enrolled at birth and being followed through 5 1/2 years of age. At six sites, newborns were assigned randomly to the intervention or control group; at nine sites, a quasi-experimental design was used and a comparison location for the Healthy Steps practice was selected.. The practices and families included in the evaluation shared some important characteristics with all practices and families throughout the United States. Participating sites represented a range of organizational practice settings. Among them were community-based group practices, pediatric clinics located within academic medical centers, and ...
Thirty-three families allowed themselves to be recorded for up to six nights. Parents who said they supported corporal punishment did it often and with little provocation. Christie Nicholson reports  
Kindreds Contributing Editor, Robin Grilles response to the announcement that Ireland has banned all corporal punishment: Ireland has joined the list of ...
649 Child rearing; home care of people with disabilities & illnesses. *650 Management & public relations *650 Management & ...
finances, child-rearing). Couples are told to discuss the conflict(s) for 10 minutes while being videotaped. Brouwer and ... Maltreated children show higher morning cortisol values than non-maltreated children. Their HPA systems also fail to recover ... in late adolescence and early adulthood when their parents showed more maladaptive child-rearing behaviors (e.g., loud ... Children who experience social stressors, such as physical and psychological abuse, as well as parental loss, are also more at ...
Education for Child Rearing. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1959. Paperback edition, Basic Books, 1965. Sociology and the ... Society for Research in Child Development Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Child Development Research, 1985 ... Child Trends, in Washington, D.C. Since then, Child Trends has become the nation's leading repository and clearinghouse of past ... Soon after his leave was up the two were married-a union that lasted almost 60 years and produced four children (John Gilbert, ...
Errors in child rearing]. México, MX: Ediciones El Caballito. Bernal del Riesgo, A. (1962). Informe (de la investigación ...
Borthwick, Meredith (1984). "Motherhood and Child Rearing". The Changing Role of Women in Bengal, 1849-1905. Princeton ... restitution of conjugal rights in case of child marriage and raising the age of consent for sexual intercourse for all girls. ... An article that discussed the general necessity of women to preserve their youth garnered widespread popularity among readers. ...
Mothers are more likely to continue working after child rearing on account of the availability of affordable childcare services ... the obstacle of child rearing; and the highly educated, unmarried women termed "leftover women" by the state. The term " ... the ratio of male to female children to depict the preferences of sons in accordance with China's One Child Policy). In ... The chance can also be caused by women getting pregnant and start taking part-time jobs so they can care for the children. For ...
2005). "Universals of child rearing." Anthropological Theory, 5(4), 475-514. Strauss, Claudia, & Quinn, Naomi. (1997). A ... particularly applied to topics such as American models of marriage and relationships and to child-rearing cross-culturally. ... p. 51 Whiting, B. and J. Whiting (1975). Children of Six Cultures: a psychocultural analysis. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University ...
... endorsing strict child-rearing practices; valuing conventional propriety and a good reputation; opposing rebelliousness and ...
Child-rearing in medieval Ireland." History Ireland 5:1 (1997): 28-31. Parkes, Peter. "Celtic Fosterage: Adoptive Kinship and ... Fosterage, the practice of a family bringing up a child not their own, differs from adoption in that the child's parents, not ... In Ancient Ireland, ollams taught children either for payment or for no compensation. Children were taught a particular trade ... it is the child's, and when the child returns to the parent, it is accompanied by all the cows given, both by the father and by ...
"Rearing Children "A Creative Job"". The Sydney Morning Herald. January 24, 1960. "Harpers' C. Hartley Grattan catalogue of ... Grattan was married and had four children. Why We Fought (1929) Bitter Bierce: A Mystery of American Letters (1929) The ...
Studies of Child Rearing Studies. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Whiting, B. and J. Whiting (1975). Children of Six ... the largest and most comprehensive comparative study of child rearing and child development. The study assigned teams of ... specializing in child development. Whiting grew up on Martha's Vineyard, on the Massachusetts coast. He received his B.A. in ... The Whitings continued work on comparative child development, both with their own fieldwork and through many students and ...
Ganapathy, Venkatesh (20 December 2016). "The right balance in child-rearing". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 April ...
Ní Chonaill, B. (2008). Child-centred law in medieval Ireland. Chonaill, B. N. (1997). Fosterage: Child-rearing in medieval ... Further dietetic rationale within these laws deemed only soft foods permissible to feed children, including soft eggs, porridge ... and it was reported in 2012 that as many as 327,000 Irish children had become obese or overweight, and in response the Irish ... and thus made a staple for children, as well as cheap fuel for horses. Oat gruel, however, was considered inferior in quality ...
Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing was written by A. S. Neill and published by Hart Publishing Company in 1960. In ... Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing is a book about the English boarding school Summerhill School by its headmaster ... "Summerhill; a radical approach to child rearing". Retrieved January 18, 2015. Mayer, Morris Fritz (June 1961). "Review: ... This does not necessarily mean total cessation to the children, as Neill thought adults were right to bemoan child destruction ...
Mother and Child (1963) - Child rearing. East African Literature Bureau. Ekuqaleni [In the Beginning] (1965) Bulawayo Daystar ... For the next 23 years, Helen actively wrote and produced more than 60 children's plays for the Palo Alto Children's Theater. ... For the next few years, Helen applied herself as a volunteer to help Santa Clara Valley migrant camp adults and children. She ... 12-13, 18, 38 The Song of the Calliope (March 1947) Catholic Youth, pages 18-19 The Star Grew Dim (1947) A play with all-male ...
Child rearing patterns in New Zealand. AH & AW Reed, 1970. Ritchie, Jane Beaglehole. Childhood in Rakau: the first five years ... The next generation: Child rearing in New Zealand. Penguin Books, 1997. Ritchie, Jane Beaglehole. Chance to be equal. Cape ... Jane Beaglehole Ritchie OBE (née Beaglehole) is a New Zealand psychology academic and expert of child-raising. She is currently ...
1963). The Plain Truth About Child Rearing. Based on doctoral dissertation - (1966). After Death...then What?. with Armstrong, ... "The Plain Truth About Child Rearing". Worldwide Church of God. Retrieved 15 September 2012. Oliver, Myrna (16 September 2003 ... He was the youngest of four children. He was named for a great-grandmother on his mother's side, Martha Garner, who was born in ...
Caramanica, Jon (February 24, 2012). "Better Child-Rearing Through Chemistry and Genetics". The New York Times. Archived from ...
... child-rearing methods. Most educators of the day believed that schools should expose children to common experiences to create ... 2002). The Social and Emotional Development of Gifted Children: What Do We Know. National Association for Gifted Children ( ... Notable child prodigy, cybernetics pioneer Norbert Wiener, who also attended Harvard at the time and knew Sidis later stated in ... The debate about Sidis' manner of upbringing occurred within a larger discourse about the best way to educate children. ...
ISBN 978-0-671-81300-0. Neill, A. S. (1960). Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing. New York: Hart Publishing Company ... They advocated far gentler authority in child-rearing, which Neill considered more insidious than overt authority and ... He felt that children met their own limits naturally. Neill believed in equal rights between parents and children, and that ... H. A. T. Child associated Summerhill with the Bedales School, Alfred the Great, and Child's Dartington Hall School, and David ...
Society emphasized the role of mothers in child rearing, especially the patriotic goal of raising republican children rather ... There was more permissiveness in child-rearing. Patriot women married to Loyalists who left the state could get a divorce and ... Records also suggest that some slaveholders were freeing their own mixed-race children, born into slavery to slave mothers. The ... Women were considered to have the essential role of instilling their children with values conducive to a healthy republic. ...
ISBN 0-520-24008-1.p. 74 Martin, Judith (2002). Miss Manners' Guide to Rearing Perfect Children. New York: Fireside Books. p. ...
It's about healthy mothers rearing healthy children ... Family planning is about having the information you need before you ... They had three children - two daughters and a son. Minto's first paid position was a job at the UN Pavilion at Seattle's World ... Family planning is all about planned and wanted children, and I really want to make this statement because I care a lot about ...
Kinderwartung und Kinderzucht (1906) - On child rearing. Kinderreime (1931) - Nursery rhymes. Ein Winterabend in einem ...
Modern child rearing based on psychoanalytic experiences. Perles, Vienna 1925. Self-knowledge with the help of psychoanalysis: ... In the book, which opens with chapters on "Sex Development of Children," "Talking to Children about Sex," and "The Problem of ... With his first wife, Friederike "Fritzi" Rosali Persicaner, he had two children, Hans "Hansel" (1901-1925) and Greta "Gretel" ( ... Psychoanalysis: its significance and its influence on the education of young people, child education, career and love choice. ...
Traditional child rearing involved very little discipline. Couples were generally monogamous and divorce was rare with a quick ... By 1922, most children from the community were in boarding schools, where they were forced to use English and to practice ... Protestant missionaries established schools in the area, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs forced Acoma children into boarding ... Education was overseen by kiva headmen who taught about human behavior, spirit and body, astrology, ethics, child psychology, ...
These could lift up a higher success rate of rearing children to adolescence. Moreover, the stress of father absence prompts ... "Children in single-parent families by race , KIDS COUNT Data Center". Retrieved 2020-01-01. "In Brief ... SEAR, R; MACE, R (2008). "Who keeps children alive? A review of the effects of kin on child survival" (PDF). Evolution and ... Since mother absence does not predict weight gain in children, it seems that the increase in the child's body weight observed ...
"Mississippi leads nation in same-sex child rearing". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal. August 26, 2011. Archived from the ... In the 21st century, 91% of white children and most of the black children in the state attend public schools. In 2008, ... They educated their children privately. Industrialization did not reach many areas until the late 20th century. The planter ... In a 2006 study, 22.8 percent of the state's children were classified as such. Mississippi had the highest rate of obesity of ...
He refused to delegate his child-rearing responsibilities. "I reared those children myself," McElroy was quoted, "because it ... They had two children, Mary and Henry, Jr. Marie died in 1920 and McElroy never remarried. ...
Reproduction involves physical reproduction, child rearing and socialization. Households can be organized to collectively ... societies where men were responsible for food procurement of large game and women were responsible for child-rearing and ... been associated with a gendered division of labor and tasks associated with maintaining the household chores and child rearing ... The mother-child relationship is often associated with the nucleus of all family groups. ...
The slightly longer hair on the front legs should form even pillars, while the rear legs should only have some longer hair and ... Most Irish Terriers love children and tolerate rough-housing to a certain extent. Irish terriers need exercise; do not get one ... The breed is increasingly "fashionable" as a family pet because of its fondness for children. There is ambitious breeding in ...
Care (of self, children, the elderly). *Child rearing. *Emergency responses. *Safety procedures ... Learning to eat is a messy process for children, and children often do not master neatness or eating etiquette until they are 5 ...
Rear Admiral Jack Buono, USMS 2018-present. Above right is the academy photograph of Rear Admiral Richard Robert McNulty. As ... Sean Marshall (1987) Former child actor, star of Disney's Pete's Dragon.. *David "Dubs" Wright (2004) Laser Sailor, 2002 ... The letter from the United States Merchant Marine Academy explains how, as the academy's third superintendent, Rear Admiral ... Mark H. Buzby (1979) Rear Admiral United States Navy (Retired); Administrator, U.S. Maritime Administration (2017-present); ...
Upon his death in 1979, he chose Priscilla to serve as the estate executor for Elvis' only child, Lisa Marie, who was only 11. ... The front and side facades of the central block are veneered with tan Tishomingo limestone from Mississippi, and its rear wall ... Dee and her three children went by car to a nearby house on Hermitage until they finally settled into a house on Dolan Drive ...
Prince Andrew was the first child born to a reigning monarch since the birth in 1857 of Queen Victoria's youngest child, ... On 19 February 2010, his 50th birthday, he was promoted to Honorary Rear Admiral. Five years later, he was promoted to Honorary ... He is the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he ... Prince Andrew was born in the Belgian Suite of Buckingham Palace on 19 February 1960,[2] the third child and second son of ...
He took the lead 300 metres out and edged away from Hamish McGonagall in the final 200 metres, but Wizz Kid overtook them both ... He then finished near the rear of the field in the Ayr Gold Cup, before finishing in third in the Listed Rous Stakes at Ascot. ...
Nicholas Patrick Hayden (July 30, 1981 - May 22, 2017), nicknamed "The Kentucky Kid", was an American professional motorcycle ... Hayden was taken out by rookie Yuki Takahashi who plowed through Hayden from the rear under braking for the hairpin.[99] As a ... When the lights went out, Stoner was challenged by the 'Kentucky Kid' for 10 laps, before the Australian started to pull a two- ... "Kentucky Kid" and the first win for the Factory Honda team since Rossi's last win at the 2003 Valencian Community round. ...
These can address needs such as being able to play on the floor with other children, or cater for children in large hip-spica ... but with small diameter wheels at both front and rear. The chair is maneuvered and controlled by a person standing at the rear ... The larger rear wheels usually have push-rims of slightly smaller diameter projecting just beyond the tyre; these allow the ... Rigid chairs also have the option for their rear wheels to have a camber, or tilt, which angles the tops of the wheels in ...
Medical advances may eventually make childbearing possible by using a donor uterus long enough to carry a child to term as anti ... "Sexual Identity, Monozygotic Twins Reared in Discordant Sex Roles and a BBC Follow-Up". Milton Diamond, Ph.D. Retrieved 1 ... 2008). "Changes In Management Of Children With Differences Of Sex Development". Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & ... Sex reassignment surgery performed on unconsenting minors (babies and children) may result in catastrophic outcomes (including ...
Care (of self, children, the elderly). *Child rearing. *Emergency responses. *Safety procedures ... Young children. Further information: Open-crotch pants. A common technique used in many undeveloped nations involves holding ... The technique can help children to urinate discreetly inside cars and in other places without being seen by others.[30] ... that it was legal for a man to urinate in public so long as it occurred on the rear wheel of his vehicle and he had his right ...
... and educators striving to develop libertarian methods of child rearing. (He did not use the term "libertarian," but that is ... "J.6 What methods of child rearing do anarchists advocate?" in An Anarchist FAQ by Various Authors. ... In Children of the Future, Reich made numerous suggestions, based on his research and clinical experience, for parents, ...
Additionally, children find their own approaches to learning.[35] Children are often allowed to learn without restrictions and ... Fredman, Tamar; Whiten, Andrew (2008). "Observational Learning from Tool using Models by Human-Reared and Mother-Reared ... In communities where children's primary mode of learning is through observation, the children are rarely separated from adult ... At the end of each day, all children participated in a group lesson. The first group was a control group where the children ...
The 2006 pardoning of several convicted child rapists, including an Australian rapist and child pornographer, caused ... On 4 October 1948, while Bhumibol was driving a Fiat Topolino on the Geneva-Lausanne road, he collided with the rear of a ... In his youth, Bhumibol was greatly interested in firearms. He kept a carbine, a Sten gun and two automatic pistols in his ... By 12 October, the royal children had arrived at Siriraj Hospital and Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn had met with the prime ...
... akin to that required by a three-year-old child, which many people find themselves unable to provide in the long term.[91] ... "Effects of Hurricane Georges on Habitat Used by Captive-Reared Hispaniola Parrots (Amazona ventralis) Released in the ...
In unison, all but one figure moved to what appeared to be a panel on the rear wall of the hallway that encircled the front ... After reading Macdonald's recreation, UFO expert Robert Sheaffer writes that the Hills are the "poster children" for not ...
Fans were still streaming into pens 3 and 4 from the rear entrance tunnel as the match began. For some time, problems at the ... South Yorkshire Police had performed blood alcohol tests on the victims, some of them children, and ran computer checks on the ... When the gates were opened, thousands of fans entered a narrow tunnel leading from the rear of the terrace into two overcrowded ... women and children ... yobbism at its most base ... Scouse killed Scouse for no better reason than 22 men were kicking a ball". ...
Barth, E.K. (1979). Did a White-tailed Eagle carry a small child? Var Fuglefaun, 2: 49-50. ... which may include taking out and hand-rearing the runt, put a chick into a nest with slightly younger brood which it is about ... Of 36 cases of feeding on lambs and kids by white-tailed eagles in Norway, only 12 could be proven to have been taken alive by ... especially lambs and kids. However, they do not necessarily take healthy specimens and often feed on them after death, instead ...
There were 13,412 households, of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 63.1% were married couples ... Rear view of Hicksville High School. As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 41,547 people, 13,412 households, and 10,588 ...
The frontage and rear external wall are two stories high, faced with finishing plaster and surmounted by a Mansard roof ... Besides these novels, Strauss has published a series of children's tales, poems and short stories which are available on his ... Analysis of blood lymphocyte subsets in children living on territory that received high amounts of fallout from Chernobyl ...
Prepubescent children; though some parents will encourage their children to fast earlier for shorter periods, so the children ... and the glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard.. (9) Then you shall call, and the Lord will answer;. you will cry for help ... Most children over age 7 are expected to observe at least the Fast of the Assumption of the Holy Virgin. Dispensations are ... A woman till forty days after giving birth to child or miscarriage. But she must count the day she missed in Ramadan or they ...
VaRundi vanoti umurerwa (a child) vachireva murerwa kana nyakurerwa. VaNyarundi vanoti umurezi (one who rears a child, adopted ... VaRundi vanoti kurera (to rear a child, adopt, tutor) vachireva kurera munhu. VaWabo vanoti nlelo kana malelo (n. education) ... chisuku (1. Child's vomit - mouthful of; 2. Feeding of a child by hand) kureva chitsuku. Kune zita remhuri rokuti Masuku??. ... The one who can please children is a barren woman.. *Kuroora kweasina tewe kunonetsa. (tewe: guardian) Marriage for one without ...
The two rear flight attendants, Sharon Ford and Jacqui Ubanski, who opened the rear doors but were overwhelmed by fire and ... They also assist any special needs passengers and small children off the airplane and escort children, while following the ... A high school graduate, single (widows and divorcees with no children considered), 20 years of age (girls 19​1⁄2 may apply for ... She was killed while protecting children from the terrorists. After her death she received the Special Courage Award from the ...
There were 11,911 households, out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 71.7% were married ... Brian E. Luther, U.S. Navy Rear Admiral. *Manya Makoski, professional soccer player (Los Angeles Sol)[70] ... There were 12,338 households, out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 69% were married couples ... The library features online book searches & renewal, statewide inter-library loan, adult & youth sections, and several meeting ...
Submission (rear-naked choke) Strikeforce: Feijao vs. Henderson March 5, 2011 1 3:41 Columbus, Ohio, United States ... Kennedy grew up the second son of three children in a Christian family in Atascadero, California. He is of Irish descent.[6] As ... Submission (rear-naked choke) Strikeforce: Los Angeles June 16, 2010 1 3:35 Los Angeles, California, United States ... Kennedy fought Trevor Prangley on June 16, 2010, at Strikeforce: Los Angeles.[17] Kennedy won the fight via Submission (Rear- ...
Freed of the usual social obligations to marry and rear children, the Vestals took a vow of chastity in order to devote ... or studying or praying with her unbaptized children." ...
Slingerlands is a part of the Bethlehem Central School District (BCS) and the children attend Slingerlands Elementary School ... After having been in the rear of a grocery store for a hundred years it moved to the Tollgate Building in 1953, until the 1990s ...
Only in the native youth, born and reared in the country, does the first intimation of the future profile of Israel as a nation ... An important influence on the Sabra personality was considered the participation in national youth movements, (such as the ... Another such character is the Israeli children's television character Kishkashta, a talking anthropomorphic cactus; the plant ... He also claimed that the idea that a new Hebrew nation had arisen was widespread among Tel Aviv youth in the early 1940s.[11] ...
Marriages and childrenEdit. *First wife, "Ilia" (according to Plutarch). If Plutarch's text is to be amended to "Julia", then ... Unable to leave a potentially dangerous army in his rear, Sulla crossed into Asia. He pursued Fimbria to his camp at Thyatira ... He retained an attachment to the debauched nature of his youth until the end of his life; Plutarch mentions that during his ... These also included his wife and children, as well as those of the optimate faction who had not been killed. ...
Melghas, children hide themselves and another tries to find and touch them before they reach the well and drink. ... the Bella in the Tuareg society were the slave caste whose occupation was rearing and herding livestock such as sheep and goats ... Tabakoni: clown with a goatskin mask to amuse children.. *Abarad Iqquran: small dressed wooden puppet that tells stories and ... Taghmart: children pass from house to house singing to get presents: dates, sugar, etc. ...
Sephardi Jews, in contrast, often name their children after the children's grandparents, even if those grandparents are still ... Notwithstanding stricter requirements for the actual slaughter, Sephardi Jews permit the rear portions of an animal after ... Entine, Jon (2007). Abraham's Children: Race, Identity, and the DNA of the Chosen People. Hachette Digital, Inc. p. 211. ISBN ... By tradition, a Sephardic or Mizrahi woman who marries into an Orthodox or Haredi Ashkenazi Jewish family raises her children ...
It preempted your discussion of child-centered liberalism, which ... ... you will cover in your discussion of child-liberalism is societys failure to recognize the economic value of child-rearing, ... scarred by their experiences as latchkey kids and the children of broken homes, are determined to give family more emphasis in ... the devaluation of child-rearing is fundamentally a cultural phenomenon. ...
... the raising and parenting of children: Childrearing extends beyond simple guardianship to nurturing and guidance. See more. ... 1840-45; child + rear2 (in the sense "to take care of to maturity") + -ing1 ... of or relating to the raising and parenting of children: The majority of childrearing responsibilities are shouldered by female ... the raising and parenting of children: Childrearing extends beyond simple guardianship to nurturing and guidance. ...
Would you please correct my mistakes? Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other ... Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other professionals, but warmongering ... parents and teenaged childrens decisions. please check it for me!~. By kinkit15 in forum Editing & Writing Topics ... General] Parents cant do everything for their children as it only increases their disability. By barnej0096 in forum Ask a ...
Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex ... Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex ... I respect the instinct to radically reinvent the role of gender in childrearing; I think every mother I know seeks, in some ... Photograph of a French child reading a gender-neutral book produced by a Swedish publishing house by STR/AFP/Getty Images. ...
Child Development: The Wonder Years Elizabeth Willis-Satele October 19, 2014 PSYCH 600 Matthew Warren Introduction Child ... Introduction Child rearing is perhaps one of the most amazing, scary, fun-filled moments in a persons life. Raising a child ... a childs development. Here we will see the different stages of child development and how a child develops physically, ... More about Child Rearing : The Wonder Years. *. Parenting Techniques for Babies Essay. 852 Words , 4 Pages ...
Children arent like dolls, they are individuals, they are people and it... ... Even though rearing children in a single parent home can go well and produce productive individuals, it is more likely for ... Love, Respect, Security and the want to nurture! There are fundamentally a lot more to rearing a child but most of us will ... As the child of a single parent i have realized as a grown up what i did not comprehend as a child that something was missing ...
I was thrilled to get my sheets, blankets and diapers out on the line for a good solar treatment. Line drying uses both wind and solar power, and the suns rays are a miracle stain remover and antiseptic powerhouse. For tips on line drying, check out my Laundry 101 blog entry. Nervous? Try just one load a week - if you typically do 4 loads of laundry, then youll be saving 25% of the part of your energy bill that comes from your dryer. Not bad!. If youve never given this a try before, go for it! Your laundry will have the unbottleable scent of sun and breezes, youll save some energy along the way.. Happy hanging!. ...
The most popular child-rearing book ever is back!. By WND Staff Published April 23, 2010 at 5:25pm ... "Its the most popular child-rearing book ever at WND," says Joseph Farah, the websites founder, editor and CEO. ... "Parents who are exasperated with their children are missing the blessing that God says children are to bring to their lives. … ... Bradley warns against the "child-run" home, where decisions are made or influenced by the children. Some statements that might ...
Communal child rearing was the method of education that prevailed in the collective communities in Israel (kibbutz; plural: ... The education authority of the kibbutz was responsible for the rearing and well-being of all the children born on the kibbutz, ... A group of children, all about the same age, shared a childrens house and had a nanny who took care of their everyday needs. ... The childrens society was composed of the age groups of children from the first or second grade to the sixth grade. Teachers ...
... Study finds when Mom is main caregiver, she and Dad are happier ... Even though fathers involvement in child rearing has increased over the last few decades, mothers still do more child care, ... Splitting Child Rearing Duties Can Be More Harmful Than Helpful. Study finds when mom is main caregiver, she and dad are ... For parents who try to share the responsibility of child-rearing and find it causes a fair amount of strife in their marriage, ...
A rear child bike seat from Thule is ideal for daily commutes or adventures on two wheels with your child. Find your rear- ... Rear child bike seats. A Thule rear child bike seat lets you and your child enjoy time together - with the freedom of the open ... With a Thule rear child bike seat, your child gets the best seat in the house for your daily journeys to daycare or on longer ... US en-US 47B023BC-7D14-4624-A93A-45F00E11930B 9E7FEC6B-1977-49B6-BCBC-613A1A2B7748 /en-ca/child-bike-seats/rear-mounted-child- ...
DEAR ABBY: I recently found out I am pregnant. Im only 17 and scared I wont be a good mother. Im also anxious about giving birth. Im due in...
Chances are, when your kids are grown, theyll remember the family outing to get a tree, the Nutcracker performance or cooking ...
Child Rearing, Family and Relationships, Social and Behavioral Sciences Tags: 9781536127775, 9781536127782, Child Rearing ... child-rearing in China; violence prevention with the Second Step; child-rearing and Triple P in Japan; depression, motherhood ... Chapter 3. Child-Rearing Attitudes and Practices in China. Wai Ying Vivien Yiu, Jinsol Lee, Jung Hwa Choi and Xinyin Chen ... Child-rearing has certainly not become easier due to the fragmentation of traditional societal structure, and even to what ...
Gender identity and sex-of-rearing in children with disorders of sexual differentiation.. Reiner WG1. ... Nine of 11 patients with CAH and a 46,XX karyotype were reared female and two reared male; six (55%) declared female identity ... Of 84 total patients, 69 were reared female, but only 32 lived as female, while 29 lived as male; four patients refused to ... All 84 patients , or =5 years old in a pediatric psychosexual development clinic were assessed for sex-of-rearing and sexual ...
Regarding child rearing, views were elicited on issues including religious preference of child(ren) raised, religious training ... Regarding child rearing, views were elicited on issues including religious preference of child(ren) raised, religious training ... Subject Terms: abortion, birth control, Catholics, child rearing, Christianity, church attendance, communism, Creationism, ... Detroit Area Study, 1997: Social Change in Religion and Child Rearing (ICPSR 4120) Principal Investigator(s): Alwin, Duane F., ...
... has come out with a new report which provides details about optimizing the rear seat of passenger vehicles. ... "For children under age 13, the rear seat is still the safer seating position as compared to the front seat of passenger ... The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has come out with a new report which provides details about optimizing the rear ... is protective for younger children. However, older children who have outgrown child safety seats and booster seats are at ...
Why Puppy Rearing Is More Difficult Than Raising A Child. May 25, 2015. by jillcarr Leave a Comment ... Although the hardest task that you will ever take on, puppy rearing also has its advantages too. When your kids begin to get ... You have personally been responsible for keeping a child (or children) alive. That in itself is an amazing feat since just a ... Now your kids are begging and begging (did I mention the constant begging?) for you to get a puppy. Although you may not be ...
... ... The study extends to childrearing (care, feeding, but also abuse, neglect and infanticide) and explores how children were ... Motherhood and childrearing, often seen as natural, mundane and inevitable parts of womens lives, are also cultural and ... K. Rebay-Salisbury, Breast is best - and are there alternatives? Feeding babies and young children in prehistoric Europe. ...
Adoption as an intervention for institutionally reared children: HPA functioning and developmental status.. Kroupina MG1, ... Children adopted from Eastern European orphanages (N = 76, mean age was 17 months, SD = 5) were followed as part of an ongoing ... Overall, these results suggest that investigating specific physiological mechanisms is important in identifying children at ...
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE ... Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE ... Factors Affecting the Perception of Family Functioning among Couples in Child-Rearing Japanese Families () ... Honda, J. and Hohashi, N. (2015) Discrepancies between Couples Perceptions of Family Functioning in Child-Rearing Japanese ...
Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old BMJ 2009; 338 :b1994 ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old ... Advise use of rear facing child car seats for children under 4 years old. BMJ 2009; 338 doi: ...
UD products that support a child-rearing and a falling birth rate. ). ... We created a sunshade for the child seat on the rear of the bike that reduces the seats surface temperature by as much as 19° ... Weve improved our child-rearing bicycle with more consideration.. Model offering stress-free rides for all the family ... Includes a Kids Course for you to enjoy cooking with your children.. Cooking procedures can be checked using color touch ...
A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like a ... What the Other Mothers Know A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like a ... What the Other Mothers Know: A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like ... What the Other Mothers Know: A Practical Guide to Child Rearing Told in a Really Nice, Funny Way That Wont Make You Feel Like ...
Evidence from Swedish Children and Their Biological and Rearing Parents. Anders Bjorklund, Markus Jantti, Gary Solon. NBER ...
Embrace the Merciless Joy: The McSweeneys Guide to Rearing Small, Medium, and Large Children Edited by Chris Monks and ... Sara Hutto offers a list of "Myth Versus Fact for My Kids" in which she discloses that "mommys special bean dip is the source ... This quirky collection will remind those with children not to take themselves too seriously. Fans of Adam Mansbachs Go the F** ...
Buy Knog Blinder Mob Kid Grid Rear Light here at ProBikeKit USA. We have great prices on bikes, components and clothing, as ... Blinder MOB rear lasts 2 - 2.6 hours in Steady High mode, 5.6 - 6.1 hours in Steady Low, 2.7 - 4.5 hours in Strobe Flash, 2.6 - ... Blasting out a super-bright 80 lumens of light at the front and 44 at the rear this bright bike light ensures that youll be ... 2x removable FRONT light straps for bars 22-27mm / 27-32mm and 3x removable REAR light straps for posts 22-32mm+ and AERO POST ...
More importantly, out-of-wedlock child-rearing is profoundly irresponsible. The evidence is incontrovertible: children raised ... Poverty remains a story of bad decision-making and out-of-wedlock child-rearing. Heather Mac Donald ... And the seeming intractability of out-of-wedlock child-rearing guarantees future demand for big-government programs. What is ... If someone shows up at a welfare office saying: "I have no means of support for myself and my children," the proper role of the ...
1989)‎. Child-rearing : a task for fathers as well as mothers / Freda L. Paltiel. World health forum 1989 ; 10(‎2)‎ : 249-257 ... Child-rearing : a task for fathers as well as mothers / Freda L. Paltiel. ... Role of father and mother in the care of sick children [‎letter]‎ / Ashok K. Bhardwaj ... [‎et al.]‎  ...
... Helland, Maren S; von ... No indirect paths were identified from early predictors through child-rearing conflicts, indicating that low levels of ... Indirect paths from early predictors through relationship satisfaction and child-rearing conflicts to late dissolutions were ... and whether associations with long term dissolutions were mediated by relationship dissatisfaction or child-rearing conflicts. ...
  • Motherhood and childrearing, often seen as natural, mundane and inevitable parts of women's lives, are also cultural and historically contingent practices that build the foundations of societies. (
  • childrearing practices. (
  • Our objective was to investigate differences in ethnotheories and childrearing practices of mothers with low (N = 46) and high (N = 45) intensity of PPD. (
  • Scales concerning socialisation goals, childrearing beliefs and practices were administered at 36 months. (
  • Mothers of both groups did not differ regarding socialisation goals, but they differed concerning childrearing beliefs and practices. (
  • High-intensity PPD mothers scored less on interdependent and autonomous beliefs and also on autonomous childrearing practices. (
  • Therefore, maternal perceptions about ethnotheories and childrearing practices are ways of cognition which can be modulated by PPD. (
  • What are some Filipino child-rearing practices? (
  • Parenting programmes are effective in enhancing parenting practices and child development. (
  • This study evaluated the effects of a intervention with psychosocial stimulation (PS) on the quality of the home environment and mothers' child-rearing practices in a community-based trial with severely malnourished Bangladeshi children. (
  • and, hospital-control (CH). PS included fortnightly follow-up visits for six months at community clinics where a play leader demonstrated play activities and gave education on child development and child rearing practices. (
  • After six months of intervention the PS + FS and PS groups benefitted in the total HOME score (depending on the comparison group, effect sizes varied from 0.66 to 0.33 SD) The PS + FS and PS groups also benefitted in two HOME subscales: maternal involvement (effect sizes: 0.8 to 0.55 SD) and play materials, (effect sizes: 0.46 to 0.6 SD), and child-rearing practices scores (effect size: 1.5 to 1.1 SD). (
  • Child-rearing practices of mothers of severely malnourished children and the quality of their home environment can be improved through community-based psychosocial stimulation with or without food supplementation. (
  • The results were surprising, and may be disappointing for people who believe mothers and fathers should share equally in the caregiving for their children, said study co-author Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan, associate professor of Human Development and Family Science at Ohio State. (
  • At the beginning of the study, fathers and mothers filled out questionnaires that asked how often they were involved in play activities with their children (such as giving them rides on their shoulders and backs) and how often they were involved in caregiving activities (such as giving the child a bath. (
  • Her past research has suggested mothers can act as "gatekeepers," either fostering or curtailing how much fathers are involved in caring for their children. (
  • Even though fathers' involvement in child rearing has increased over the last few decades, mothers still do more child care, even when they work full-time, said Schoppe-Sullivan. (
  • Perhaps because of this, many mothers still feel they are in charge of child care. (
  • There might be some ambivalence on the part of mothers in allowing fathers to participate in day-to-day child care," she said. (
  • As a result, the welfare rolls dropped two-thirds from 1996 to 2009, work rates of never-married mothers surged, and black child poverty fell to its lowest level ever. (
  • Children reared in fatherless homes are more than twice as likely to become male adolescent delinquents or teen mothers, according to a significant new study by two economists at the University of California, Santa Barbara. (
  • Mothers who would be breastfeeding their own children, would work as nurses in these institutions and feed the babies there also. (
  • In most societies, the involvement of fathers in child-rearing has traditionally been framed as the role of 'provider', 1 , 2 with mothers doing most of the task-oriented caring and nurturing of children. (
  • Using a sample of 190 low-income mothers and their young children, mothers completed questionnaires on toxicant exposure in the home environment. (
  • Exposure to toxicants, especially pesticides, was reported by about 20% of mothers at or around pregnancy, and 30% when their children were between 1 and 2 years of age. (
  • Data were collected from six working mothers from a child care center in Gyeonggi, and their six grandmothers who were rearing grandchildren through in-depth interviews, emails and observation based on the instruction of semi-structured interviews. (
  • conflicts over ideologue of motherhood (3) grandmothers` rearing positive effect: increasing grandmothers` efficacy and intimate relationships with grandchildren (4) working moms` rearing positive effect: reducing working moms` children-rearing stress (5) negative effect: increasing grandmothers` children-rearing stress and working moms` low children-rearing efficacy (6) rearing conflicts: the two mothers` conflicts over children-rearing values. (
  • Through the study, it implies that social intervention is needed to solve the conflicts between two mothers over the rearing attitudes and methods as understanding and intervention is needed. (
  • Along with these overt expressions of warmth and caring, the Ugandan children were strapped to their mothers' bodies while the women worked in the fields, and thus were exposed to continuous movements, rhythmic talking, and singsong communications. (
  • So I guess I am writing to whine about how our culture, which professes to be the land where dreams can come true, has made it so difficult for a married mother to pursue her dream of rearing her children, which a mere few decades ago was the expected job of married mothers. (
  • There are a number of reasons to feed your kids by hand, seperate from their mothers. (
  • In two studies in Bangladesh, one used group sessions with mothers [ 16 ] whereas the other also used home visiting [ 17 ] and both studies showed improved knowledge of child rearing and higher scores on Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) inventory. (
  • It is the first study that systematically predicts the probability of whether or not a woman has given birth using palaeo-pathological markers, explores the age at first motherhood and the number of children per woman, and contextualises the findings with an in-depth status analysis of women's graves. (
  • This project contributes significantly to our understanding of motherhood and counter naive narratives of childrearing in prehistory with science-based information. (
  • And depending on demographics, there are usually more than two children that a single mother has to support on her own and in a lot of cases with different fathers. (
  • The results showed, in general, when fathers said they played more with their child at the beginning of the study, the couple showed more supportive co-parenting one year later. (
  • Schoppe-Sullivan said the gender of the children seemed to play a role -- fathers playing with sons reduced undermining behavior more than did fathers playing with daughters. (
  • Fathers were supposed to bond with their children through quality time much more so than in a non-kibbutz environment, where they may be required to spend long hours at work. (
  • Father count is an important win for fathers, but most of the efforts funded will go towards funneling financial and other support to children already separated from their fathers, rather than reducing the incidence of family separation. (
  • Children of fathers with high scores on factors 1 and 3 had 14% (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.94, p=0.001) and 13% (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.96, p=0.006), respectively, lower adjusted odds of behavioural problems at 9 years. (
  • Conclusions Psychological and emotional aspects of paternal involvement in children's early upbringing, particularly how new fathers see themselves as parents and adjust to the role, rather than the quantity of direct involvement in childcare, is associated with positive behavioural outcomes in children. (
  • The study highlights the role of fathers in child development, which has been relatively under-researched. (
  • 6 Understanding the nature and effect of fathers' involvement on the health and well-being of children could therefore help inform policies aimed at improving family psychological and health outcomes. (
  • This is not only to keep them occupied, but also to keep the parents content with the behavior of the child. (
  • They select one or more nests within their area and begin helping the nesting mother, this behavior is known as cooperative child rearing. (
  • On the PAAT, parents described feelings about parent/child interaction, their standards for assessing child behavior, and their value preferences and frustrations concerning child behavior. (
  • Parental child-rearing behavior as measured by the Parental Bonding Instrument in a Japanese population: factor structure and relationship to a lifetime history of depression. (
  • What We Do When Behavior Is Getting Out of Control FROM WENDY: Six kids can be crazy. (
  • Everyday Parenting gives you access to a toolkit of behavior-change techniques that will make your typical day in the home easier as you develop the behaviors you would like to see in your child. (
  • But if you have any frustrations with your child or would like improve your effectiveness in changing your child's behavior, these videos will be a very useful guide. (
  • Other forms of child sexual abuse include exposure of a child to erotic material in the form of live behavior (excessive nudity), photographs, film, or video. (
  • These laws give law enforcement personnel and prosecutors great latitude to classify and prosecute cases of perceived child sexual abuse behavior. (
  • Adoption as an intervention for institutionally reared children: HPA functioning and developmental status. (
  • A 1974 study in the journal Developmental Psychology reported that children who entered day care before their first birthday were 'significantly more aggressive' and more physically and verbally abusive of adults than other children. (
  • Objective To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. (
  • The secretion of milk by the mother is not solely dependent on the mother's actions, but is rather a joint activity of mother and child. (
  • Turner recalls her mother's method for toughening up her children: if two of them were squabbling and refused to stop, she would push them outside to fight it out, telling them that the first one that cried would get a whipping. (
  • The prevailing parenting technique in our culture, therefore, seems to be that of constantly stimulating the child in order to somehow produce some sort of super baby. (
  • Entitled simply "Child Training Tips," Bradley's book presents common obstacles to successful parenting and solutions to help overcome them. (
  • Results showed couples had a stronger, more supportive co-parenting relationship when the father spent more time playing with their child. (
  • But when the father participated more in caregiving, like preparing meals for the child or giving baths, the couples were more likely to be less supportive of each other and more likely to undermine each other's parenting abilities. (
  • The study, which was designed to test how a father's involvement in child caregiving affected the couple's co-parenting relationship, began with 112 Midwestern couples, most of whom were married, who had a 4-year-old child. (
  • The researchers looked for signs of supportive co-parenting, such as couples encouraging and cooperating with each other as they helped their child. (
  • Researchers also looked for evidence of couples criticizing each other's parenting or trying to "outdo" each other in their efforts to work with the child. (
  • How father involvement relates to co-parenting may be different with younger or older children. (
  • How did the Fall in the Garden affect children and parenting? (
  • The term - "parenting" is associated with a new and ever-renewing point of view concerning children and parental responsibilities. (
  • She said the basic principles of parenting will always apply children need to feel secure and good about themselves, and they need to feel like they belong. (
  • Our Parenting Fails FROM WENDY: My parenting fails and struggles this week…and what I'm learning from them Consistency is hard because it's…well…constant I know that my kids need clear boundaries and consistent follow through. (
  • Parenting isn't for everyone, and I will fight to my last breath to protect every person's right to decide whether to have children. (
  • Susan and Peter agree that they will share the parenting of their child equally. (
  • You will also find information about what you can do if you observe child abuse or if you are a parent dealing with problems that are straining your capacity to cope with the parenting experience. (
  • Parents who thoughtfully touch their infants, talk to them, help them exercise appropriately, and provide them with a variety of pleasing visual targets actually enhance their youngsters' ability to sit, crawl, walk and develop. (
  • A study of object concept development in institutionalized and home-reared infants. (
  • Institution- and home-reared infants were tested in five areas: language development, object concept development, play, social responsiveness, and social maturity. (
  • A more activist state can help on the economics of the situation, but as I think we both realize, the devaluation of child-rearing is fundamentally a cultural phenomenon. (
  • There are fundamentally a lot more to rearing a child but most of us will agree that it is LOVE that makes all the difference. (
  • Among the obstacles Bradley covers are parental defensiveness, confusing raising children with training them, misunderstanding human depravity and trust in worldly "experts. (
  • Parental relationship dissolutions have repeatedly been linked to negative outcomes for children, but predictors of parental dissolutions have been far less studied. (
  • But scientific studies often come into conflict with religion-from the origins of the universe down to childrearing . (
  • According to a new study from Ohio State University , parents who share caregiving for their preschool children may experience more conflict than those in which the mother is the primary caregiver. (
  • No indirect paths were identified from early predictors through child-rearing conflicts, indicating that low levels of positivity, rather than high conflict levels, are associated with dissolutions in long-term relationships. (
  • Greater family conflict for youth with type 1 diabetes, and less family support for adults, predicts poorer adherence ( 14 , 15 ). (
  • Is 'Gender-Free' Child-rearing a Form of Child Abuse? (
  • Photographing, videotaping, or filming of children with the intent to create sexual stimulation is a form of child abuse as well. (
  • The New York Times's Welfare Myopia: Poverty remains a story of bad decision-making and out-of-wedlock child-rearing. (
  • consequently, this study explored whether environmental toxicant exposure may be a contributing factor to disruption in language and cognitive development for children reared in poverty. (
  • I don't blame myself or my husband for our rearing our children in poverty. (
  • Generation X hucksters have been equally insistent that young people, scarred by their experiences as latchkey kids and the children of broken homes, are determined to give family more emphasis in their lives as adults. (
  • British singer Adele has had similar experiences with her kids. (
  • A key characteristic of the collective Aboriginal community is to help the spirit of a child emerge as he or she grows and experiences life. (
  • This study aimed to understand the experiences of married North Korean women's child-rearing, working lives, and their home and work environment in depth. (
  • Children can be incredibly challenging, and sharing your experiences helps to make it easier. (
  • Early recognition of child abuse tendencies and intervention at the point of recognition is the only way to avoid the liability of criminal prosecution. (
  • Rear light for added visibility and safety, easily attaches to Thule rear-mounted child bike seats, Thule bike trailers and Thule multisport trailers. (
  • However, older children who have outgrown child safety seats and booster seats are at greater risk of injury," says Kristy Arbogast, PhD, lead author of the report and director of engineering at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at CHOP. (
  • They propose that adjustments to the geometry of the rear seat - including shorter seat cushions, lower seat belt anchorages and contoured seats - could increase comfort, keep the shoulder belt in position and, in side impact crashes, reduce lateral movement. (
  • PLEASE, for your childrens sake, consider leaving them in REAR-FACING (RF) car seats as longs as you can. (
  • Oh, and you'll also find out that in the USA, rear facing seats only go up to about 35lbs. (
  • The agency reported that as a result, Forester owners might not be able to install child seats properly, increasing the risk of injury in a crash . (
  • There is no definitive line when defining an appropriate way to raise a child, even when times are always changing as well as culturally acceptable methods. (
  • Even if you use a different method for feeding older goat kids, getting newborns or kids just starting on hand-feeding comfortable with bottle feeding first will help them have confidence as they transition to the more competitive methods discussed below. (
  • Children in groups have this special way of amplifying one another's attitudes or behaviors, and when one kid starts getting amped up, things can spiral fast. (
  • Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE) as a family functioning scale. (
  • Honda, J. and Hohashi, N. (2015) Discrepancies between Couples' Perceptions of Family Functioning in Child-Rearing Japanese Families. (
  • Analysing the link between reproduction and women's social status, »VAMOS« explores social responses to pregnancy, birth and childrearing from the Late Neolithic to the Late Iron Age (ca. 3000-15 BC) through case studies in central Europe. (
  • This is the threat to children born to women who abuse alcohol and other drugs during their pregnancy. (
  • Miller also had a 4 year old at home and couldn't fathom how this diagnosis would affect her pregnancy or her child-rearing ability. (
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the different views of grandparent`s that are rearing children from the grandmother and working mom as co-caregivers by studying conflicts and the experience made by grandmothers by rearing children through a phenomenological approach, and to help to build healthy relationships and furthermore to promote a healthy educational environment. (
  • After a hardscrabble beginning, my grandmother was determined to make sure Mom fit in with the rich kids at her school. (
  • And, finally, government can improve living standards for those who are really struggling, through programs like the Earned Income Tax Credit, thus giving these people some of the flexibility that others enjoy--and creating opportunities for more children to spend more time with their parents. (
  • parents and grandparents might show their children. (
  • Parents can also see how their children think and behave/act. (
  • Writes Bradley in the book's preface: "Multitudes of parents have written and told us of how their children changed when they began implementing the insights they gained [from the book]. (
  • Bradley especially targets parents who are exasperated with their kids. (
  • Parents who are exasperated with their children are missing the blessing that God says children are to bring to their lives. (
  • Writes Bradley: "Parents who say, 'Junior just refuses to …' or 'My child just won't put up with …' have given up their authority and put their children in charge of their home. (
  • To re-establish control of the home, he writes, parents must: "1) Keep your objective in mind - subjection of their will, 2) Require quick obedience, and 3) Teach your children to obey without being told 'why. (
  • Bradley covers common ways parents behave that contribute to their failure in child training. (
  • Writes Bradley: "Most parents are afraid of exasperating their children by being too firm, but most children are exasperated by parents who are not firm consistently. (
  • For parents who try to share the responsibility of child-rearing and find it causes a fair amount of strife in their marriage, a new study may bring some relief. (
  • Dear Friend: Children are raised by parents, not insurance companies. (
  • Parents were not involved economically in the upbringing of their children. (
  • Kibbutz people believed that as the necessary demands and requirements that are an essential part of every education process were eliminated from family life, the relationships between parents and their children got a chance to become much more moderate and harmonious. (
  • This, so they claimed, is how strong emotional ties with toddlers, friendship in childhood, and comradeship in youth facilitate strong family attachment and healthy influence of parents on their children. (
  • It is natural for children to throw tantrums, but how parents react to such situations makes all the difference in the life of a family. (
  • Meier said most parents spanked their children in the past. (
  • Instead most experts, including McGraw, say parents should talk and listen to their children. (
  • For realizing a society where parents can safely give birth and raise their children. (
  • Setting The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. (
  • Participants Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible. (
  • The Identification of Factors Related to Childrearing Expectations of Korean-American Immigrant Parents of Preschool Children. (
  • Subjects were 118 Korean-American immigrant parents who had children 3 through 5 years of age, were natives of Korea, and resided in North Texas. (
  • Parents may be helped to understand the importance of using the convertible car safety seat in the rear-facing position longer than 1 year if they are counseled that children are 5 times safer than when riding in a forward-facing seat into the second year of life. (
  • Parents play an important role in determining what those values are going to be for their children. (
  • Other parents may have as a primary goal that their children value independence or curiosity or creativity . (
  • In 2014, the polling organization Pew Research Center asked American parents to select from a list of values what they thought were the most important ones to teach their children. (
  • Our three kids, like most, were raised by a community that influenced them at least as much as their parents did. (
  • Under the Family Allowances Act, FA benefits were always paid to the female parent unless the parents were separated and the child was living primarily with the male parent. (
  • What kind of support can ensure better mental health outcomes for children with parents who suffer from depression and other mental illnesses. (
  • Parents of children with autism often try dietary changes or supplements to help improve the condition but a new review concludes that there is little solid evidence that any work. (
  • A lot of kids show resentment about the fact that their true parents are no longer together. (
  • The practice of labeling children should also be avoided since it can lead teachers and parents to have diminished expectations for educational success. (
  • Finally, educators and parents need assistance in creating an educational environment that will enable children to fulfill their potential. (
  • Child rearing and self-care for afib are made easier with a support system, and for Miller and her husband, that includes her parents and his mother, who all live nearby. (
  • For about $880, Chinese parents can sign their kids up for the test and five days of summer camp in Chongqing, where the children will be evaluated in various settings from sports to art. (
  • The scientific results, combined with observations by experts throughout the week, will be used to make recommendations to parents about what their child should pursue. (
  • Acceptable displays of affection or inadvertent incidents that result in exposure of a child to a sexual act or sexual material (for example, a child walking into a closed bedroom while the parents are having sex or finding an adult magazine) are not considered criminal. (
  • To identify the physical signs of child sexual abuse, parents should know the normal appearance of the genitalia of their child so that they can identify if any changes occur. (
  • and whether associations with long term dissolutions were mediated by relationship dissatisfaction or child-rearing conflicts. (
  • Indirect paths from early predictors through relationship satisfaction and child-rearing conflicts to late dissolutions were investigated among couples that were still intact when children were 8 years old. (
  • Here we will see the different stages of child development and how a child develops physically, emotionally, psychologically, and cognitively. (
  • Some women have had their choices taken from them, while others have rejected the idea as a whole, but if we tell the truth and look at society we would notice the cracks in all the philosophies about rearing emotionally healthy individuals. (
  • Social science confirms that children raised in day-care centers and similar institutions are often emotionally maladjusted and mentally impaired. (
  • The majority of childrearing responsibilities are shouldered by female family members. (
  • As the child of a single parent i have realized as a grown up what i did not comprehend as a child that something was missing in my growing up, the active male role model that showed me what a man is supposed to look like and how a male contributes to a family for the well being of male and female children. (
  • The researchers then observed the couple for 20 minutes while they assisted their child in completing two tasks: drawing a picture of their family together and building a house out of a toy building set. (
  • Classic, safe and easy-to-use reclining child bike seat, taking your daily commutes and family bike adventures to the next level. (
  • The founders of the collective education believed that granting the children independence from their family liberated the family from the economic and social burden, which otherwise might distort the children's development. (
  • Chances are, when your kids are grown, they'll remember the family outing to get a tree, the Nutcracker performance or cooking batches of cookies much more than any gift in particular (though, to be honest, I'll always remember getting a Walkman and my first 10-speed-bike. (
  • This child-safe bicycle makes family playtime more relaxing and fun for everyone. (
  • This is done by letting the child know who they are in relation to their family, the broader society, the environment and the living spirits of their sacred ancestors and land (SNAICC, 2011). (
  • You kind of want to instil in your kids that caring mentality where they are like, that's caring, you can label it, I guess a kind of responsibility, but really it's instilling in them that caring for their family and themselves is so important to who we are. (
  • My kids learn about who we are, the history of family, our culture and they also get to know their cousins, so that they become more like brothers and sisters. (
  • This is a must read for every Christian parent who is serious about their children and family walking with God. (
  • Japan Airlines (JAL) cabin attendants on February 26 requested the Labor Ministry to instruct the company to stop its unfair treatment against those who had applied for exemption from night shifts based on the Child Care and Family Care Leave Law. (
  • In keeping with her family tradition, on holidays Mom was hell-bent on ensuring that all three of my kids would be decked out in perfectly coordinated matching outfits, from their hats to their socks. (
  • Effects of Postpartum Depression on Child Bearing and Rearing Family Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major event occurring in eight to fifteen percent of the woman population after delivering their child (Glavin, Smith, Sørum & Ellefsen, 2010). (
  • If a child complains about problems with his or her genitals, take the child to the family doctor for examination. (
  • Between 1 July 2015 and 30 June 2016, the rate of substantiations of abuse, neglect or risk of harm was 43.6 per 1,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia. (
  • If our children are not a blessing to us, it is not because an alien tampered with their genetic code as they grew in the womb. (
  • All 15 patients reared male lived as male including two genetic females. (
  • Genetic males with male-typical prenatal androgen effects should be reared male. (
  • Yet while I'm not particularly happy about that, it also makes me optimistic that we can still get to a place where we have both gender equality and a renewed recognition of the needs of children. (
  • Hanna's post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child 'gender-free' (not telling anyone its birth sex or permitting the genitals to be seen by anyone but a select few intimates) has had me thinking all day about the chicken-and-egg problem of gender identification. (
  • Obviously, you don't have to dress your kid in tutus or football jerseys (or whatever the Swedish equivalent is), but to truly obfuscate all evidence of gender, and keep your child from giving away the game, would require some fancy footwork. (
  • I think every mother I know seeks, in some measure, to free her child from the constraint of gender expectations. (
  • Photograph of a French child reading a gender-neutral book produced by a Swedish publishing house by STR/AFP/Getty Images. (
  • Gender identity and sex-of-rearing in children with disorders of sexual differentiation. (
  • Hudson isn't the first celebrity parent to forgo gender norms when raising their child. (
  • Women can do a lot, but their is no woman born that can fill the gap that is left in a child's life when a father figure is missing in their rearing. (
  • Good father figures, someone trustworthy for the child to make and believe, for at least a little while is their personal hero. (
  • Seventeen percent of children living with only one parent now live with the father. (
  • After raising his own six children and learning many things the hard way, author and pastor Reb Bradley wrote a practical guide to bringing up kids that uses biblical wisdom as its basis. (
  • It doesn t teach (children) to solve their problems, it just teaches them to hit," she said. (
  • Continue reading to get a few tips that might solve some child-rearing problems. (
  • I care for my children as I can but most of the time to the older children take care of the younger just so we can have clean clothes, and food to eat. (
  • My children cry out for food at times but other things must be taken care of such as the rent. (
  • For many reasons women end up taking care of children on their own, and many not by choice depending on the story you hear. (
  • The education authority of the kibbutz was responsible for the rearing and well-being of all the children born on the kibbutz, taking care of their food, clothing, and medical treatment. (
  • A group of children, all about the same age, shared a children's house and had a nanny who took care of their everyday needs. (
  • The study extends to childrearing (care, feeding, but also abuse, neglect and infanticide) and explores how children were treated after death for insights into their significance. (
  • The implication is that any changes in the welfare rules were unfair and made it impossible to alleviate legitimate need, even though the states that have lowered their welfare rolls are spending their federal TANF dollars on adoption, foster care, and other programs of arguably greater importance to child welfare than monthly welfare checks. (
  • In this article by Andrew P. Thomas, The Wall Street Journal takes a critical look at the effects of day care on young children. (
  • In 1995, the National Institute of Mental Health published a joint US-Israeli study that found children raised in Israeli communes known as kibbutzim, who received 24-hour day care, were at significantly greater risk of developing schizophrenia and other serious mental disorders. (
  • Day Care - A Dangerous Experiment in Child-Rearing? (
  • Tell you what, you stay home for a week and be solely responsible for the care of four small children and see how lazy you can be. (
  • Find a friend or relative who can care for your children for an hour or two. (
  • Always take care of yourself, even with having children. (
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are over-represented in child protection and out-of-home care services compared to non-Indigenous 1 children. (
  • Children in day care, children cared for by others, or children who spend time alone with other people may be at risk of sexual abuse. (
  • Raising a child requires a lot, from financial to emotional support, which at times can be challenging. (
  • Overall, these results suggest that investigating specific physiological mechanisms is important in identifying children at risk for persistent social and emotional problems and in understanding the long-term consequences of early adversity. (
  • Associations from low emotional support and child related strains to long term dissolutions were mediated by relationship dissatisfaction, indicating that cascades towards dissolutions may originate in these early predictors. (
  • Studies of people with type 1 diabetes have focused on children and young adults and describe many emotional and interpersonal challenges. (
  • A Thule rear child bike seat lets you and your child enjoy time together - with the freedom of the open road! (
  • Find the perfect seat for your child. (
  • Lightweight and safe rear-frame-mounted child bike seat with a contemporary design, providing premium comfort for your child. (
  • Robust and reliable rear-mounted child bike seat designed for daily commutes and adventures around town. (
  • Smart and functional child bike seat with a personality, designed for everyday rides. (
  • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has come out with a new report which provides details about optimizing the rear seat of passenger vehicles in order to provide better protection to children and adolescents. (
  • By bringing technologies already protecting front seat passengers to the rear seat and modifying the geometry of the rear seat to better fit this age group, the US could achieve important reductions in serious injury and death. (
  • Our review of the current science and data regarding rear seat occupant safety found clear evidence that use of a child restraint system (CRS) is protective for younger children. (
  • Many technologies that protect front seat passengers, such as load limiters and pretensioners, are not commonly found in the rear seat even though sled tests and computer modeling suggest that these seat belt features have the potential to reduce the risk of serious head and chest injury for rear seated occupants. (
  • In addition to front seat restraints, CHOP researchers suggest that cues can be taken from booster seat design to determine how to keep kids who have outgrown boosters properly positioned in vehicle seat belts so the restraint can perform properly. (
  • For children under age 13, the rear seat is still the safer seating position as compared to the front seat of passenger vehicles," says Dr. Arbogast. (
  • The report authors recommend the development of regulatory procedures or vehicle performance assessment programs for consumers that evaluate protection of rear seat occupants. (
  • Common vehicle rating systems do not evaluate the safety of rear seat occupants in frontal crashes. (
  • In addition to engineering solutions, the report also recommends policies and programs to increase rear seat restraint use, which remains lower than front seat restraint use and is a key risk factor for dying in a crash. (
  • We created a sunshade for the child seat on the rear of the bike that reduces the seat's surface temperature by as much as 19°C². (
  • They just follow your way in the Urban Iki Rear seat as you maneuver through traffic. (
  • And he was securely strapped in the rear seat. (
  • According to an article recently published by the Associated Press, Subaru of America, Inc. is recalling more than 275,000 Forester SUVs from four different model years after learning that the rear seat belts may not hold a child seat securely in place. (
  • IIHS rates vehicles good, acceptable, marginal, or poor based on performance in high-speed front and side crash tests plus evaluations of seat/head restraints for protection against neck injuries in rear impacts. (
  • If you wish to go for a long Ride - Bobike Tour is the ideal seat for your child. (
  • This entry was posted in Touring Carriers and tagged child seat . (
  • Children with learning disabilities, teens hoping to score better on standardized tests and elderly adults hoping to forestall cognitive decline are all potential beneficiaries if the research pans out. (
  • Findings indicated creativity and control scores were not significantly related to any of the independent variables, frustration and access to child were significantly related, play was significantly related to sex of parent and length of residence, and teaching/learning was significantly related to sex of parent and educational level. (
  • Their response was 'While this was published in the Academy's journal, it does not necessarily constitute AAP policy' and 'Because riding rear-facing does provide significantly more protection to children's heads, necks, and spines, the Academy does recommend it for as long as possible, but the only minimum we have set is 12 months/20 pounds. (
  • in fact the youngsters were significantly limited in every area of development in every age group. (
  • Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death for children older than 4 years and resulted in 952 fatalities in 2010 for children age 15 and younger. (
  • With new distractions and studies arriving daily that are meant to boost the earliest form of intellect within the child, you would expect the babies who are raised in this society to end up being geniuses by the age of 5. (
  • Even though rearing children in a single parent home can go well and produce productive individuals, it is more likely for single parent children to end up in jail rather than in college, or babies having babies in which scenario grand kids are calling grand mother 'mom', and mom by her given name. (
  • Feeding babies and young children in prehistoric Europe. (
  • Dr. Dennis concluded that because these children had received only minimal amounts of touching, rocking, talking and general nurturing attention, their growth and development had been severely stunted. (
  • Parent reared their children to be good farmers, workers, teachers, engineers and other professionals, but warmongering politicians did not have any use of their education and professions. (
  • Single parent homes are nothing new but bringing up children was a community task. (
  • There have been several studies finding that children from single parent homes (mostly single mother homes) are more at risk. (
  • This book takes you through all the important steps that are neglected today and will help every parent know how to be successful in rearing spiritual children to grow up and serve the Saviour. (
  • The intent of the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) Child-Rearing Dropout (CRDO) provision is to ensure that a parent who stayed at home to raise children isn't penalized by those years of low or no earnings when their CPP benefit is calculated. (
  • For periods of CRDO eligibility since 1993, the person who is entitled to claim the CRDO is the parent who was eligible to receive the Child Tax Benefit (CTB). (
  • For situations where the male parent was the primary caregiver for the child(ren) but didn't apply for the CTB in his own name, he will need the consent of the female parent in order to qualify for the CRDO. (
  • Be the best parent possible by adding the above advice to your raising a child arsenal. (
  • I hope that I will be a good parent in the future and would like to apply the method to my children. (
  • If you think you are acting in an abusive way or are having a difficult time with your children or yourself as a parent, you may have identified a tendency to be abusive. (
  • I am rearing some beautiful children that will grow up to be healthy, responsible adults. (
  • She noted that this study only included children as they moved from 4 to 5 years old. (
  • every child got 12 years of study, they took no tests whatsoever, and no grades were recorded. (
  • or =5 years old in a pediatric psychosexual development clinic were assessed for sex-of-rearing and sexual identity. (
  • Although you may not be thrilled about the idea, puppies are super cute and fluffy and because you have successfully nourished your children for a few years now, you feel as though a puppy would be nothing new, right? (
  • Associations between early predictors and early dissolution (before children were 8 years old) and late dissolutions (when children were between 8 and 19 years) were compared using multinomial logistic regression analyses. (
  • Outcome data were available for 6898 children at 9 years and 6328 children at 11 years. (
  • I did work for a few years while trying to rear small children. (
  • My children all suffered for two years from lead poisoning in our old house because the landlady wouldn't do anything about the problem. (
  • Rearing Children in the Mifúno Desert is a collection of essays written by Laminar Gold during his final years of life. (
  • Meier recently spoke to Clare Jorgensen s child development class at Midland High School. (
  • Child Research Net is supported by BERD (Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute). (
  • Exposure to Environmental Toxicants and Early Language Development for Children Reared in Low-Income Households. (
  • This may be of importance to promote child development. (
  • development and the child safety and just managing the home. (
  • Bringing up children is one of the hardest and most important jobs anyone takes on. (
  • and, in a classic Times stroke, an illegal immigrant who ran out the time limits on her four children's welfare checks and now scavenges for cans and bottles en famille . (
  • It is also an activity that kids really enjoy and engage with, and they always seem to have a great time catching interesting and colorful bugs. (
  • Something no one tells you when you start your maternal journey is that children don't typically learn something the first time. (
  • Time and again God would forgive His wayward, forgetful children. (
  • It also gives the handler one-on-one time to bond with the kids as their "mother" and helps develops the trust required for easy handling as the animal matures. (
  • They are often used to feed 6-10 kids and are a great step up from hand-feeding one or two kids at a time. (
  • This allows you to let your kids drink when they feel hungry, but it prevents them from drinking too much at one time as the cold milk gives them a brain freeze. (
  • In the end we came to the same conclusion millions of people do: there was never going to be a "perfect" time to have kids, but just like everything else, we'd figure it out. (
  • Sharon works right up until just before her child is born in August, by which time she has earned $30,000 for the year. (
  • There are an ever-increasing number of drug-exposed children who will in time overrun Head Start programs, early elementary classrooms, and social service agencies. (
  • I will learn and practice it again and again and improve my skills over time with the kids. (
  • Children of Men like other movies by Mexican directors this year will have you spellbound and not leave you for quite a long, long time. (
  • The lessons provide step-by-step instructions and demonstrations to improve your course of action with both children and adolescents. (
  • Children adopted from Eastern European orphanages (N = 76, mean age was 17 months, SD = 5) were followed as part of an ongoing longitudinal study. (
  • 322 children completed the study. (
  • But is it good for our children? (
  • ottle feeding kids for at least a week after birth will ensure they initially get enough colostrum, and later enough enough milk, to provide the required nutrients for a good start. (
  • I didn't know - and never quite figured out - how to get my kids to make good grades, keep their rooms clean, or stick with piano lessons. (
  • It sounds reasonable, but as I said in my previous article on the Child Rearing Dropout Provision , the CRDO has its Good, its Bad, and its Ugly aspects. (
  • One year later, the couples returned to the laboratory and participated in a similar observed activity with their child. (
  • Whatever my kid wants to do or be I will always support him no matter what. (
  • Minnesota Supreme Court upholds ruling to stop child support officers from practicing law. (
  • Your child can rest his head on this extra feature - large back support and protection. (
  • Blinder MOB rear lasts 2 - 2.6 hours in Steady High mode, 5.6 - 6.1 hours in Steady Low, 2.7 - 4.5 hours in Strobe Flash, 2.6 -12.6 hours in Unique Flash, 53.3 - 66 hours in Eco Flash. (
  • Most children with chickenpox develop an itchy rash that lasts for about 10 days. (
  • Order Bradley's "Child Training Tips" now. (
  • Loved it gave me so many great tips and understandings on how to assist my child and it really has made a big difference in their responses to me! (
  • She said it was very hard to diagnose eye conditions in young children. (
  • Knock knees (genu valgum) is common in young children. (
  • For many young children, this practice will be less fearful for them because they won't have to worry about having water dumped over their heads or having to dunk their heads under water. (
  • It is difficult for young children to embrace change. (
  • The legs usually straighten as the child grows. (
  • The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published on its website recently that the rear center belt does not meet federal safety standards. (