Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Schools: Educational institutions.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.United StatesFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.IndiaDental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.BrazilPersonality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Bereavement: Refers to the whole process of grieving and mourning and is associated with a deep sense of loss and sadness.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Paternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.EnglandFeeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Great BritainEthnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Pediatric Obesity: BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.TurkeyAffective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Sibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)CaliforniaDown Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.BangladeshCognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Proxy: A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1: A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.Single-Parent Family: A household that includes children and is headed by one adult.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

A population-based study of survival and childbearing among female subjects with birth defects and the risk of recurrence in their children. (1/583)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Persons with birth defects are at high risk for death during the perinatal period and infancy. Less is known about the later survival or reproduction of such persons. We studied a cohort that comprised 8192 women and adolescent girls with registered birth defects and 451,241 women and adolescent girls with no birth defects, all of whom were born in Norway from 1967 through 1982. The rate of survival was determined through 1992, and the rate of childbearing was determined through October 1997. We also estimated the risk of birth defects in the children of these subjects. RESULTS: Among the subjects with birth defects, 80 percent survived to 15 years of age, as compared with 98 percent of those with no birth defects. Among the surviving subjects, 53 percent of those with birth defects gave birth to at least one infant by the age of 30 years, as compared with 67 percent of those with no birth defects. The subjects with birth defects were one third less likely to give birth by the age of 30 than those with no birth defects. The children of the subjects with birth defects had a significantly higher risk of birth defects than the children of those with no birth defects (relative risk, 1.6; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 2.1). This increased risk was confined entirely to the specific defect carried by the mother, with the relative risk of recurrence varying from 5.5 to 82 according to the defect. In contrast, there was no increase in the risk of having an infant with a different type of defect. CONCLUSIONS: Women and girls with birth defects have decreased survival as compared with those with no birth defects, especially in the first years of life, and are less likely to have children. In addition, they have an increased risk of having children with the same defect.  (+info)

A randomised controlled trial of specialist health visitor intervention for failure to thrive. (2/583)

AIMS: To determine whether home intervention by a specialist health visitor affects the outcome of children with failure to thrive. METHODS: Children referred for failure to thrive were randomised to receive conventional care, or conventional care and additional specialist home visiting for 12 months. Outcomes measured were growth, diet, use of health care resources, and Bayley, HAD (hospital anxiety and depression), and behavioural scales. RESULTS: Eighty three children, aged 4-30 months, were enrolled, 42 received specialist health visitor intervention. Children in both groups showed good weight gain (mean (SD) increase in weight SD score for the specialist health visitor intervention group 0.59 (0.63) v 0.42 (0.62) for the control group). Children < 12 months in the intervention group showed a higher mean (SD) increase in weight SD score than the control group (0.82 (0.86) v 0.42 (0.79)). Both groups improved in developmental score and energy intake. No significant differences were found for the primary outcome measures, but controls had significantly more dietary referrals, social service involvement, and hospital admissions, and were less compliant with appointments. CONCLUSIONS: The study failed to show that specialist health visitor intervention conferred additional benefits for the child. However, the specialist health visitor did provide a more coordinated approach, with significant savings in terms of health service use. Problems inherent to health service research are discussed.  (+info)

ESBRA-Nordmann 1998 Award Lecture: Visual P3 as a potential vulnerability marker of alcoholism: evidence from the Amsterdam study of children of alcoholics. European Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism. (3/583)

Recent data from the Amsterdam Study of Children of Alcoholics add to the evidence for considering the P300 or P3 component of the event-related potential (ERP) as a potential vulnerability marker of alcoholism. In this study, multi-channel ERPs were recorded from 7- to 18-year-old children of alcoholics (COAs) and age- and sex-matched low-risk controls using several experimental paradigms, including a visual novelty oddball task and a visual selective attention task. The results indicated that differences between COAs and controls in the visual P3 amplitude: (1) can be elicited both actively by task-relevant target stimuli and passively by irrelevant novel stimuli; (2) are a function of both the attentional relevance and the target properties of the eliciting stimulus; (3) are mediated by multiple brain generators, rather than by a single generator; (4) originate from a difference in the strength, rather than in the spatial configuration, of the underlying brain generators; (5) cannot be accounted for by differences in visual attention-related earlier occurring ERP components; and (6) can be moderated by current behavioural and emotional problems, general intellectual ability, and socio-economic background. These findings support the notion that a relatively small visual P3 amplitude in COAs reflects heritable biases in attention and information processing that are related to their increased vulnerability to alcoholism.  (+info)

Estimates of US children exposed to alcohol abuse and dependence in the family. (4/583)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to provide direct estimates of the number of US children younger than 18 years who are exposed to alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence in the family. METHODS: Data were derived from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. RESULTS: Approximately 1 in 4 children younger than 18 years in the United States is exposed to alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence in the family. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for approaches that integrate systems of services to enhance the lives of these children.  (+info)

Relational Psychotherapy Mothers' Group: a developmentally informed intervention for at-risk mothers. (5/583)

The Relational Psychotherapy Mothers' Group (RPMG), a developmentally informed, supportive psychotherapy designed to serve heroin-addicted mothers with children up to 16 years of age, aims at addressing psychosocial vulnerabilities, and facilitating optimal parenting, among at-risk mothers. We present preliminary evidence on the efficacy of RPMG as an "add on" treatment in comparison with standard methadone counseling alone. At the end of the 24-week treatment period, mothers receiving RPMG plus standard methadone counseling demonstrated lower levels of risk for child maltreatment, greater involvement with their children, and more positive psychosocial adjustment than women who received methadone counseling alone. Children of RPMG participants also reflected fewer problems in multiple areas. At 6 months posttreatment, RPMG recipients continued to be at a relative advantage, although the magnitude of group differences was often attenuated. Notably, urinalyses indicated that RPMG mothers showed greater improvements in levels of opioid use over time than comparison mothers.  (+info)

HIV-infected parents and their children in the United States. (6/583)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the number, characteristics, and living situations of children of HIV-infected adults. METHODS: Interviews were conducted in 1996 and early 1997 with a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 adults receiving health care for HIV within the contiguous United States. RESULTS: Twenty-eight percent of infected adults in care had children. Women were more likely than men to have children (60% vs 18%) and to live with them (76% vs 34%). Twenty-one percent of parents had been hospitalized during the previous 6 months, and 10% had probably been drug dependent in the previous year. Parents continued to have children after being diagnosed with HIV: 12% of all women conceived and bore their youngest child after diagnosis, and another 10% conceived before but gave birth after diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and support services for people affected by the HIV epidemic should have a family focus.  (+info)

The specificity of disrupted processes in families of adult children of alcoholics. (7/583)

Children of alcoholics (COAs) have been characterized as an at-risk population in part, because of the dysfunctional family environments that disrupt psychosocial development among offspring exposed to parental alcoholism. This study examined the specificity of problematic family environments to children of alcoholics vs children exposed to other significant family stressors that included parental death, unemployment, separation, divorce, or major illness. University students completed self-report measures of family stressors, family relationship problems, family communication quality, family conflict, and relationship with parents. Based on a family stressor checklist, 20 students exposed only to parental alcoholism and no other family stressors were compared to several other groups exposed to specific family stressors, and to 50 control subjects who had reported no family stressors. Results showed that students from families where a parent is or was an alcoholic, and where there were no other family stressors, recall disturbed family relations no more commonly than students specifically exposed to other family stressors such as parental divorce, death, or major illness, and no more commonly than those who reported no family stressors. Further analyses suggest that the disruption of COAs' family environments may be explained by their increased likelihood of experiencing additional family stressors that can have a disruptive effect, such as parental separation, divorce and unemployment.  (+info)

Maternal addiction, child maladjustment and socio-demographic risks: implications for parenting behaviors. (8/583)

AIMS: In this study we examined three parenting dimensions (involvement, autonomy, and limit-setting) and three potential determinants (maternal addiction, low SES and its correlates, and mothers' perceptions of their children's maladjustment) in order to disentangle features of parenting that are uniquely related to maternal addiction from those related to contextual determinants. We also examined conditional effects of low SES and its correlates on parenting. DESIGN: Based on a literature review and predictions arising from an ecological model of parenting, we expected that maternal addiction would be related with problems in parental involvement, but that the other parenting dimensions would be related with mothers' perceptions of children's maladjustment and low SES. Accordingly, we examined variance in each parenting dimensions accounted for by each of the three determinants, respectively. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects included 120 (69 opiate-addicted and 51 SES-matched comparison) mothers with children under 16 years of age. MEASUREMENTS: Children's maladaptive behavior was assessed with the Behavioral Assessment System for Children, and parental adjustment with the Parent Child Relationship Inventory. FINDINGS: Direct effect predictions were confirmed and two conditional effects involving single status and family size were also found. CONCLUSIONS: Although many parenting problems have previously been attributed to maternal addiction, only parental involvement is directly related to being an addict; other parenting dimensions may be better explained by contextual factors.  (+info)

Children of depressed mothers are at high risk for developing serious psychiatric disorders. While genetics can account for about 34% of cases of childhood psychiatric disorders, children of depressed parents are at an even greater risk of developing mental disorders. The Keeping Families Strong program, or KFS, was built from evidence-based prevention programs. Its goal is to provide educational, cognitive, and behavioral interventions. These interventions are meant to enhance understanding about depression and its effects on families, improve communication within families, enhance social support, increase positive and consistent parenting, and improve child coping. This will likely improve the childrens mental health, as well as positively affect the short- and long-term outcomes of parents recovering from a depressive episode. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the KFS program in avoiding or delaying the onset of psychiatric disorders among children with depressed ...
My father turned to alcohol to numb his feelings. After growing with a parent struggling with addiction, I decided to break the cycle of pain.
Alcoholism causes anguish not only for the person who drinks, but for everyone who is involved with that person. But there are things you can do to help cope with the problems alcoholism creates in families.
Alcoholism causes anguish not only for the person who drinks, but for everyone who is involved with that person. But there are things you can do to help cope with the problems alcoholism creates in families.
I totally understand and empathize. I worry all the time about what Ive passed on to my munchkin. I suspect even (relatively) healthy parents worry about passing on genes for things that have plagued them, but I think its one of those horribly painful parts of being a parent whos chronically ill. Like we dont feel guilty enough for the other ways our illness impacts our kid(s ...
BACKGROUND Offspring of individuals with alcoholism are at increased risk for psychiatric illness, but the effects of gender on this risk are not well known. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the gender of the parent with alcoholism and the gender of offspring affect the association between parental alcoholism and offspring psychiatric illness. METHOD We analyzed the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) data to examine the gender-specific prevalence of axis I and axis II disorders in 23,006 male and 17,368 female respondents with and without a history of paternal or maternal alcoholism. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated for the disorders based on gender and presence of maternal or paternal alcoholism. RESULTS Maternal or paternal alcoholism was associated with a higher prevalence of every disorder examined, regardless of the gender of offspring. Gender-related differences in prevalences were present in nearly all examined disorders, and the
An accumulating body of evidence suggests that offspring of mothers with preeclampsia have higher blood pressure during childhood and young adulthood compared with women without preeclampsia. However, the evidence with regard to offspring glucose metabolism and lipids is more scant. We examined whether maternal hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) are associated with a range of cardiometabolic health measures in adolescent offspring. We included data for mother-offspring pairs from a United Kingdom prospective birth cohort (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children). Repeat antenatal clinic measures of blood pressure and proteinuria (median 14 and 11, respectively) were used to ascertain maternal preeclampsia (n=53) and gestational hypertension (n=431). Offspring had blood pressure (n=4438), and fasting lipids, insulin, and glucose (n=2888) measured at a mean age of 17 years. There was no strong evidence of differences in fasting insulin, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adiposity, Dysmetabolic Traits, and Earlier Onset of Female Puberty in Adolescent Offspring of Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. T2 - A Clinical Study Within the Danish National Birth Cohort. AU - Grunnet, Louise G. AU - Hansen, Susanne. AU - Hjort, Line. AU - Madsen, Camilla M. AU - Kampmann, Freja B. AU - Thuesen, Anne Cathrine B. AU - Granstrømi, Charlotta. AU - Strøm, Marin. AU - Maslova, Ekaterina. AU - Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth. AU - Damm, Peter. AU - Chavarro, Jorge E. AU - Hu, Frank B. AU - Olsen, Sjurdur F. AU - Vaag, Allan. N1 - © 2017 by the American Diabetes Association.. PY - 2017/12. Y1 - 2017/12. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Offspring of pregnancies affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of the development of type 2 diabetes. However, the extent to which these dysmetabolic traits may be due to offspring and/or maternal adiposity is unknown. We examined body composition and associated cardiometabolic traits in 561 9- to 16-year-old offspring ...
Adult Children of Addicted/Alcoholic Parents - Feelings, thoughts, experiences- and assumptions from the childhood affect all of us, throughout life.
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine exposure to maternal type 1 diabetes is associated with a less favorable metabolic profile later in life. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the hepatic manifestation of a cluster of metabolic abnormalities linked to insulin resistance. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of maternal pregestational type 1 diabetes on the presence of fatty liver in offspring and the association between maternal BMI, glycemic control during pregnancy, offspring metabolic risk factors, and offspring level of soluble CD163 (sCD163; a marker of macrophage activation) and risk of fatty liver.. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a prospective nationwide follow-up study of offspring (n = 278) of mothers with pregestational type 1 diabetes between 1993 and 1999 and matched control subjects (n = 303). Mean age at the time of follow-up was 16.7 years (range 13.0-20.4 years). We used the fatty liver index (FLI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) to evaluate the presence of fatty liver ...
The plight of the children of alcoholics is now receiving increasing attention in both the scientific and general press. Most of this literature reports on studies that attempt to spell out specific problems in the childhood formative years that result from having an alcoholic parent. The bulk of those studies have been retrospective in nature. For the most part they deal with incidence rates (e.g. 50% of abused children or 50% of delinquent children come from alcoholic homes) and avoid direct cause and effect statements, except in two important areas. Causal relationships are being fairly well demonstrated in those studies dealing with fetal, newborn, and early childhood anomalies attributed to alcoholism in the mother (Jones, Smith, and Streissguth, 1974; Smith, 1977; Streissguth, 1976). Some authors (Goodwin, Schulsinger, Hermansen, Guze, & Winokur, 1975; Cantwell, 1972; Morrison & Stewart, 1973) have also reported a cause/effect relationship in some cases of childhood behavior and psychomotor
Chief Investigator:Associate Professor Felice JackaOrganisation: Deakin University / Murdoch Childrens Research InstituteDepartment: IMPACT SRC School of Medicine (Deakin) / Centre for Adolescent Health (MCRI)Investigators:Associate Professor Jeffrey CraigOrganisation: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Childrens HospitalDepartment: Early Life Epigenetics
A new study has said that adolescent brains may respond differently during risky decision-making situations if the teens have a family history of alcoholism.
Two areas of the brain - the prefrontal cortex and cerebellum - responded differently in nondrinking youth with a family history of alcoholism during risky decision-making, a new study shows.
These results show that having at least one depressed parent can put an individual at risk over the course of their lifetime for a variety of mental as well as physical health conditions. It is important that doctors, especially general practitioners who often act as the frontline, to be aware of their patients family mental health history. With this information both doctor and patient can be more aware of potential risks. Early detection can save untold hardships as well as real monetary expenses. This news should not come as a burden to anyone with a family history checkered with depression or other mental health issues, but instead should serve as a tool to help them better live their own lives ...
One in five U.S. children grows up in a home in which someone has a substance use disorder are at higher risk for mental health and behavioral problems.
In this revised re-submission of our study of children at familial risk for depression (and controls), we have responded to the concerns of the IRG and revised...
For cerebral aneurysms, the ostium, the area of inflow, is an important anatomic landmark, since it separates the pathological vessel deformation from the healthy parent vessel. A better understanding of the inflow ...
For cerebral aneurysms, the ostium, the area of inflow, is an important anatomic landmark, since it separates the pathological vessel deformation from the healthy parent vessel. A better understanding of the inflow ...
I find it interesting that you consider substance abuse a "dubious malady" and note that its treatment is "anathema to the business community." Why is that? The fact that you can even write a sentence like that should give all the "parity proponents" enough validation to keep on fighting.. Apparently you feel like substance abuse is not a biologically-based "real illness." Are you aware of the significance of genetic predisposition in substance abuse? Children of alcoholic parents are four times more likely to become alcoholic themselves. Furthermore, there is a high degree of concurrence between substance abuse and mental illness (particularly bipolar disorder). What does it say about us as a society that we somehow want to blame people for their mental illness?. We stigmatize mental illness (and I will include substance abuse in this as well) by the mere fact that we carve it out separately from every other illness. Why do we have a separate mental health services phone number on our ...
Dear Dr. Schwartz, You would never in your life meet a person that wants to live a good life and make wise decisons like my Husband does. He was raised with alcoholic parents and his Father died when he was 13, and at that time he began a life of alcohol and drug abuse. In 1991 he was at the bottom
My mother has crippling OCD so I make a point of NOT carrying around chemical towelettes to wipe everything down like a silly American who wants to live forever. It would be like someone with alcoholic parents starting to have three drinks instead of two: only a little much now, perhaps, but it could be the slippery slope to an ugly bottom. Also, Ive spent enough time in less developed nations to know the difference between seriously infectious grub and whaddaya know, we live in a biosphere grub. ...
|b|My 14-year-old son is studying in the ninth standard. Nowadays his performance has started deteriorating in school and he has also stopped listening to us.|/b| People advise us to take him for counselling. How do I deal with the situation?
My Parents - MedHelps My Parents Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for My Parents. Find My Parents information, treatments for My Parents and My Parents symptoms.
How to Understand Your Parents. Understanding your parents comes with many benefits. Youll improve your relationship with your parents, learn things about them, and have the opportunity to enjoy their company. In order to understand your...
Every parent has the fundamental responsibility of protecting, nurturing, teaching, caring for, and loving their children... - Parent Quotations - Quotations at BellaOnline
About 5,000 children visit ERs each year because of backpack-related injuries. Parents, learn 10 Tips for Packing Back-to-School Backpacks!
When you were a kid, you probably thought your parents knew everything. These kids wont have that problem. The official voting period has ended. See the results below.. ...
When aging parents cant make it without your help, it raises issues of taking care of your own needs versus doing what is right for them. These 10 tips can help you deal wisely with these questions.
Disabled Parents, Page 11 - Are you a physically disabled mum? Do you find it hard to find other mums in similar situations? Netmums has responded to
I cant believe Im going to say this out loud... There are too many ugly parents in the world. Yes, this is judgmental. Yes...
This paper examines the determinants of intergenerational transfers and the association between such transfers and the intergenerational transmission of poverty, based on a new longitudinal dataset from Bangladesh. Women receive less schooling, land and inherited assets than men, and also give up their inheritance to their brothers in exchange for economic and social support. While intergenerationally transferred assets, mostly controlled by the husband, increase levels of current assets and consumption, only husbands schooling and inherited land, as well as womens social networks, are protective against chronic poverty. ...
Padmadas, S.S. (2000), Intergenerational transmission of health. Reproductive health of mother and child survival in Kerala, India. PhD dissertation. Thela Thesis, Amsterdam ...
Experts emphasize routines as a paramount practice in successful child rearing (Fiese, 2002). Only recently, however, has empirical evidence begun to corroborate this theory. While many researchers and clinicians have documented the use of daily child routines in their parenting packages and treatment studies, none has measured the effects of child routines directly. The emergence of The Child Routines Questionnaire offered ample evidence of the importance of child routines in school-age children. Significant findings link a lack of routines to child behavior problems, poor parenting practices, and parental psychopathology (Sytsma et al., 2001; Sytsma-Jordan, Kelley, & Henderson, 2002; Jordan, 2003). These data have offered insightful correlation between routines and overall child adjustment, and parental well-being. The present study aimed to contribute to this literature by extending the CRQ to children ages one to five years through development and validation of the Child Routines Questionnaire:
Alcoholic families tend to all condone the same basic behaviors, which can lead to a lot of people suffering from the same disease unnecessarily. Call His House 888-681-4594 so we can help you get your lives back.
Ann Doswett Johnston, a recovering alcoholic and author of Drink, explains why female alcohol addiction is on the rise in Western countries. Regular alcohol consumption by female populations in the West is increasing. Research conducted in the US shows a 10% increase in white women claiming to be regular drinkers across ten years, among African…
Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. However, is this because parental education actually changes the outcomes of children, suggesting an important spillover of education policies, or is it merely that more able individuals who have higher education also have more able children? This paper proposes to answer this question by using a unique dataset from Norway. Using the reform of the education system that was implemented in different municipalities at different times in the 1960s as an instrument for parental education, we find little evidence of a causal relationship between parents education and childrens education, despite significant OLS relationships. We find 2SLS estimates that are consistently lower than the OLS estimates with the only statistically significant effect being a positive relationship between mothers education and sons education. These findings suggest that the high correlations between parentsand childrens education are due ...
There are many reasons and factors as to why a person starts to use drugs and become addicted to it. There are physiological, social, biological, and psychological factors to consider in every case. Some or all of these factors can play a significant role in why a person starts to abuse a substance. If an individuals family uses drugs, then he or she is more vulnerable to pick up the habit as well. As for social factors, a common example of a reason why people get into drugs is peer pressure. In addition to all these, once an individual starts to use drugs heavily, there are physiological changes that happen and this is when he or she becomes physically dependent on the drug. Once addicted to the substance, a person feels the need to continually use the drug so that they wont fall ill because of the withdrawal symptoms. With alcohol use disorder, there is a trend that alcoholism usually runs in the family. However, not all of the children of an alcoholic parent would automatically become one ...
Idyllic as it seems in this scene, Martin doesnt candy-coat the season. The problems of real life are just below the surface of this magical moment. Friend Nikkis alcoholic parents cant provide a real Christmas for their family, especially for six-year-old Mae, whose Christmas wishes are filled because Flora and Ruby and their neighbors stage a visit from a faux Santa to deliver all the presents on her list. Olivias family plans a move far away after her fathers job loss, but she hides her feelings to avoid spoiling the Christmas mood for her friends. Their neighbor Mr. Wicket realizes that he must move his wife, declining quickly into late dementia, to a special care facility, and even cranky old Mrs. Grindle fears that advancing age will soon force her to sell her shop downtown. The problems of life dont take a holiday in Martins realistic story, but the familiar season still has its own magic for Flora and Ruby as they get through the sorrowful anniversary of their parents deaths and ...
FAMILY INTERVENTION: ALCOHOLISM. By: Nancy D. Losinno, LCSW, CASAC BNL EAP Manager. Effects of alcoholism on the family. Development of alcoholism in 1 family member affects all the other members; The longer-lasting & more subtle the process, the greater the acceptance of it as the
The mission of the Womens Finance CRG is to provide a safe space for women to share their financial knowledge, research topics of interest, set financial goals, and become financially independent and well informed. The Womens Finance CRG meets on the third Thursday of every month and is sponsored by the Office of Equality and Diversity, the Womens and Gender Studies program, and CoAS. ...
Three Generational Study We proposes to study intergenerational transmission of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use (ATOD) across three generations (G1, G2, an...
Do you know that parents are the most important and influential teacher for the child . Do you know that a child without parents may be lost and become outlaw child . from pervious we can say the parent have an important role in child s directing and teaching . No one can teach the child like their parents . from the birth, parents and child build up their relation and form a strong connection and that connection is the link between them where they can understand each other and communicate
Bullying is when a child tries to hurt another child physically or emotionally. Share these tips to help parents talk to their kids about bullying.
For parents, one of the most important--and daunting--tasks is finding effective ways to keep their children safe. Learn more about how at PeopleFinders.
Breastfeeding isnt just the cheapest solution when it comes to feeding your baby. Read these 11 benefits of breastfeeding every parent should know.
  I first realized I might be a free-range parent when I lost my kid at the playground -- dont worry, it was just for five seconds -- t...
panels width equal to the parents width ???. I have my own panel class ksClass and I want to insert a ksPanel in a form and the width of the ksPanel shold just be thw same as the width of the f
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Flatten your post-baby belly with six easy tummy-toning moves. Just dedicate 20 minutes to these three pairs of moves two or three days a week and before you know it, youll be showing off your new shape.
The impact of parental substance misuse on child welfare is now being increasingly recognized. Drug and alcohol problems feature in a substantial proportion of families where there are child-care concerns and raise issues about engagement, confidentiality, assessment and inter-agency practice. This article explores some of the dilemmas faced by social welfare professionals who work with substance misusing parents. Based on a qualitative analysis of 40 semi-structured interviews with a wide range of practitioners from both adult focused and child and family settings, in both the voluntary and statutory sector, a variety of emerging themes will be discussed and linked to those from other studies. The problems of working with denial, the tensions created by different agency objectives and protocols and the way in which children can often fall through gaps in services will be highlighted, as will the way in which some professionals have sought to resolve the dilemmas they encounter. This will then ...
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Parental alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and parental separation are associated with increased risk for early use of alcohol in offspring, but whether they increase risks for early use of other substances and for early sexual debut is under-studied. We focused on associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with substance initiation and sexual debut to (1) test the strength of the associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with time to initiation (age in years) of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use and sexual debut and (2) compare the strength of association of parental AUD and parental separation with initiation. DESIGN:Prospective adolescent and young adult cohort of a high-risk family study, the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA). SETTING:Six sites in the United States. PARTICIPANTS:A total of 3257 offspring (aged 14-33 years) first assessed in 2004 and sought for interview approximately every 2 years thereafter; 1945 (59.7%) offspring ...
The treatment is turning off TVs, electronic screens, and cellphones in the evening or wearing blue-blocking glasses, which can be found for less than $10. Blue-blocking glasses can increase calmness and reduce anxiety, and even are effective in treating mania. Then, during sleep, wear an eye mask or get light-blocking blinds or curtains for windows. For a complete blackout, use blackout curtains, aluminum foil over windows, electric tape over LED lights, or try sleeping in the basement.. Aiken suggests that to re-instate healthy sleep patterns, people should institute virtual darkness from 6pm to 8am, including wearing blue-blocking glasses when out of bed. Then they should institute total darkness or wear an eye mask when in bed. When symptoms improve, this routine can gradually be shifted to begin later in the evening, such as two hours before bedtime.. Blue light filters are also available for smartphones and tablets including Apple Nightshift mode, Kindle BlueShade, and Android Twilight and ...
Downloadable! Previous work has shown that there is a significant intergenerational correlation of worklessness for the UK which varies across local labour markets (Macmillan, 2011). Using a decomposition from the intergenerational mobility literature (Blanden et. al, 2007), this research is the first to consider the drivers of this transmission. I consider the role of four sets of characteristics of the son in childhood; his non-cognitive skills, cognition, behavioural outcomes and educational attainment, to assess which characteristics are important predictors of later workless spells and whether those characteristics are associated with growing up with a workless father. The wide range of characteristics can only account for 12% of the intergenerational transmission, with the vast majority remaining unaccounted for. While cognition and education dominate the intergenerational transmission of incomes, non-cognitive skills and behavioural outcomes play a more important role in the intergenerational
Downloadable! Propensity score matching is used to investigate the causal relationship between alcoholism and earnings in a young cohort of males and females drawn from the 1989 and 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in order to investigate productivity losses attributed to alcoholism and to quantify these effects. Results suggest that there are productivity losses attributable to alcoholism; that they become more pronounced over the life cycle; and that they differ between men and women. Ways in which estimates from propensity score matching may or may not improve on instrumental variables estimates are discussed. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This is a large, consanguineous Iranian kindred with five individuals, three male and two female, aged 3-37 years across four branches, affected by unexplained autosomal recessive developmental delay (DD), ID, and epilepsy. Similar to family A, speech is more severely affected than motor development in the affected members of the family. All the patients were born after normal pregnancies from healthy parents who are related. Karyotype analysis by G-banding and tandem mass spectrometry screening for metabolic disorders as well as Fragile X screening were performed for all affected individuals and they were normal. Results of brain computed tomography (CT) scans taken for all the patients were unremarkable. The results of routine laboratory testing and CK level was within normal range. Physical examination, dysmorphology examination, and neurological assessment did not find anything unusual except for cognition deficiency and history of seizure. The patients did not have any neurological ...
Adolescent Child Developmental Psychology Psychotherapy: 20 assigned downloads, like Attachment Parenting: Developing Connections and Healing Children from ebook-reader
Adolescent Child Psychotherapy Psychology General Education: 20 assigned downloads, like Mindfulness and Acceptance for Counseling College Students: Theory and Practical Applications for Intervention, Prevention, and Outreach from ebook-reader
Participants and Intervention: MLH (n = 339) and their school-age children (n = 259) were randomly assigned to receive 1) an intervention of 16 sessions in a cognitive-behavioral, small-group format; or 2) control. MLH and their children were compared to non-HIV-affected families recruited at shopping markets. Participant retention was high: 84% at 6 months, 83% at 12 months, and 78% at 18 months ...
2. Family constellations. Stoller points out that certain family conditions are associated with gender dysphoria. For boys who want to be girls, he suggests that there is an over-close relationship with the mother and a distant father. For girls who want to be boys, he suggests that that they have a depressed mother in the first few months of their life and a father who is either not present or does not support the mother but leaves the child to try to control the mothers depression.. Rekers links gender dysphoria in boys to absence of a father figure, either physically or psychologically.. Bleiberg, Jackson, and Ross have linked the development of gender dysphoria with an inability to mourn a parent or an important attachment figure in early life.. De Ceglie (2000) suggests that parents have a strong desire for a child of the opposite sex and, not necessarily deliberately, reinforce gender-inappropriate behaviour.. ...
Health, ...(Garrison NY) When presented with different terms to describe a clini...Terms such as these are typically used interchangeably in informed con...For the study 94 parents who had taken a child to the emergency depar...Only 18 percent of the parents thought these terms were equivalent. Of...,Terminolgy,matters,in,parents,willingness,to,enroll,their,children,in,research,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Yet another parent has recently appeared in the media to discuss his reasons for wanting to agree a contract with his children before allowing them to have a pet. No doubt parents up and down the coun...
To identify parents available for each night of the term. On average, we think that we need 4 parents each week, which means that we will need each family to help at least once and a number of families to help more than once. Please tell us all of the weeks that you think you could help and we will try to allocate those available so that the workload is shared out. It may be appropriate for each parent to complete it separately with individual availability ...
How do you guys deal with parents who want to micromanage your nursing care? Lately on my unit we have parents who want to tell the nurses how to do their job like when and how to wean their child
Can one safely issue a truncate command on a parent table and not affect any of the child tables data? (assuming there is data in the parent table that is not needed ...
Speaking to the Telegraph, Carol Vorderman says more should be done to help parents, because if pupils are on the maths scrapheap by the age of 11, they will remain there
As a weighty parent, with more body for my children to love than I would like, I diet and seek support from others to succeed. All too often, in the past, those others could be my children. But by i...
Incoming Parent Checklist Work your way through this handy checklist to make sure all of the steps have been completed before your child enters NMT. ...
The latest NAPLAN results have arrived, and soon enough thousands of Australian parents will tear open the envelope containing their childs NAPLAN results. They will be faced with a series of graphs that…
Page 81-If you are a parent or guardian of a child who is suffering with any kind of IBD condition, please feel free to post in here.
A few months ago my parents split up because my father was having an affair. At the same time my relationship with my boyfriend broke down. Since ...
This awesome photographer dad named Dave Engledow shows you how to be the best parent... by illustrating what NOT to do. Dont worry, though, this dad and his awesome daughter actually have a great relationship.
My boyfriend and I have both been divorced twice. He was also in a 3 year relationship (living with a woman) but broke up with her last year and moved back into his parents. His story is that hes ho...
If you are a young parent of a premature or sick baby and need support, dont hesitate to get in touch with us. We are here to help.
Just wondering, when you or your partner come from a step family do your kids call your step parent grandma/ grandpa , or use first names or other title?
Only recently have parents been driving themselves to distraction by taking too seriously the idea that as the twig is bent the trees inclined.
Travis and Aubry share how they decided to give Parent Profiles a try after three years of waiting. At first they received no legitimate contacts, but four...
Anyone can learn a few workable persuasion techniques to work with aging parents resistance. Role reversal means we try to get them to stop acting like stubborn kids.
Its that time of year again! Parents are scrambling from store-to-store to ensure that their little ones get the toy that they "must have". While we all the very best for our children, its up to us [...]. ...
Do you ever feel like youre just not cutting it as parents? Ever feel like you werent cut out for this whole "raising a kid" thing, and despite your best efforts, you just feel like the worst parent in the world?. Congratulations, unless youve fed your kid PCP lately, you are likely NOT the worst parents in the world. Be happy.. Check out more PCParenting fails here!. ...
By 3, many children resist naps. Weve got some tips on how to get your little one to cooperate with some quiet time every day.
Anda RF, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and prescription drug use in a cohort study of adult HMO patients. BMC Public Health. 2008;4;8:198.. Anda RF, Dong M, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Giles WH, Perry GS, Edwards VJ, Dube SR. The relationship of adverse childhood experiences to a history of premature death of family members. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:106.. Brown DW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ. Self-reported information and pharmacy claims were comparable for lipid-lowering medication exposure. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(5):525-529.. Brown DW, Anda RA, Tiemeier H, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Croft JB, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of premature mortality. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(5):389-396.. CDC. Adverse childhood experiences reported by adults-five states, 2009. MMWR. 2010;59(49):1609-1613.. Chapman DP, Wheaton AG, Anda RF, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Liu Y, Sturgis SL, Perry GS. Adverse childhood experiences and sleep disturbances in adults. Sleep Med. ...
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being. These experiences range from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse to parental divorce or the incarceration of a parent or guardian. A growing body of research has sought to quantify the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and illuminate their connection with negative behavioral and health outcomes, such as obesity, alcoholism, and depression, later in life. However, prior research has not reported on the prevalence of ACEs among children in a nationally representative, non-clinical sample. In this brief, we describe the prevalence of one or more ACEs among children ages birth through 17, as reported by their parents, using nationally representative data from the 2011/12 National Survey of Childrens Health (NSCH). We estimate the prevalence of eight specific ACEs for the U.S., contrasting the prevalence of specific ACEs among the states and between children of
Washington, D.C., November 3, 2015- A new report, A Healthy Early Childhood Action Plan: Policies for a Lifetime of Well-being, released today by the Trust for Americas Health (TFAH), highlights more than 40 policy target areas that are key to achieving national goals of reducing toxic stress and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and improving the lives of millions of children.. Living with prolonged stress and/or adverse experiences can significantly increase a childs risk for a range of physical, mental and behavioral problems - increasing the likelihood for hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cognitive and developmental disorders, depression, anxiety and a range of other concerns. Currently, around one-quarter of children ages 5 and younger live in poverty and more than half of all children experience at least one ACE. According to research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one-quarter of children experience physical abuse (28.3 percent) and ...
The needs for support among children with a seriously ill parent, who is waiting for heart transplantation, are unknown today. The aim was to describe now adult childrens experiences of social support in relation to a parents heart transplant during childhood. Nine females and four males were interviewed. The median age for the children was 18 at the transplantation and their parents had been ill before for 18 months (median) and on waiting list for 161 days (mean). Three categories emerged: health care professionals approaches, family and friends approaches, and society approaches. Our results show that there was lack of support for children of heart transplantation patients. Support in the shape of information was in most cases provided by the sick or healthy parent. It is of great clinical importance to develop psychosocial support programs for children with a seriously ill parent waiting for heart transplantation (before, during, and after surgery).. ...
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire suggests a strong link between childhood trauma and mental and physical health concerns in adulthood.
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire suggests a strong link between childhood trauma and mental and physical health concerns in adulthood.
Adverse childhood experiences (typically referred to as ACEs) are potentially traumatic experiences and events, ranging from abuse and neglect to parental incarceration.*
Research suggests a link between parental divorce and negative child outcomes; however, the presence of parental depression may confound this relationship. Studies exploring the simultaneous effects of depression and parents divorce on the adjustment of their children are scarce and rarely have a longitudinal design. This is the first three-generation study of the relative effects of depression and divorce on offspring psychopathology, based on data from a 25-year longitudinal study with families at high and low risk for depression. One hundred seventy-eight grandchildren (mean age = 13.9 years) of depressed and nondepressed parents and grandparents were evaluated by raters blind to their parents and grandparents clinical status. We found that in both low and high-risk children, divorce had a limited impact on child adjustment over and above familial risk for depression. Divorce had a significant effect on child outcomes only among high-risk grandchildren with a depressed grandparent and ...
Regularly ahead of the curve, the Review has opposed federal drug policy for nearly 50 years, was a lonely media voice against the massive freeways planned for Washington, was an early advocate of bikeways and light rail, and helped spur the creation of the DC Statehood Party and the national Green Party, In November 1990 it devoted an entire issue to the ecologically sound city and how to develop it. The article was republished widely.. Even before Clintons nomination we exposed Arkansas political scandals that would later become major issues. .. We reported on NSA monitoring of U.S. phone calls in the 1990s, years before it became a major media story.. In 2003 editor Sam Smith wrote an article for Harpers comprised entirely of falsehoods about Iraq by Bush administration officials.. The Review started a web edition in 1995 when there were only 27,000 web sites worldwide. Today there are over 170 million active sites.. In 1987 we ran an article on AIDS. It was the first year that more than ...
Many neuropsychiactric disorders have a hereditary element. If you have a depressed parent, youre twice as likely to experience depression. With bipolar disorder, youre four times more at risk. How does one process the idea that mental illness might be written into ones DNA?. In his National Book Award-nominated novel Imagine Me Gone, award-winning author Adam Haslett unflinchingly depicts one familys struggle with inter-generational chronic mental illness, depicting the impact despair and grief can have on those people closest to us. Haslett will be joined by neuroscientist Rebecca Brachman to discuss the science behind genetic predisposition, the implications of inheriting mental illness, and what it would mean if we could "vaccinate" against depression. A pioneer the field of preventative psychopharmacology, Brachman and her colleagues aim to create drugs which enhance psychological resilience against stress and prevent mental illness.. Syntax/Synapse is a series of programs and essays ...
You did not cause your childs addiction. Your behaviors did wound your child because you did not love your self in a healthy way and were not given the tools, knowledge, and role modeling to teach you how to be a healthy person - let alone a healthy parent. You were wounded in your childhood, you were doing the best you knew how to do as a parent, it is not your fault that you were powerless to do it any differently. You do have some responsibility in your childs wounding, but you are not to blame. To give power to the blaming guilt and shame of the disease will in fact, set you up to continue to be unhealthy in your relationship with your child. The best thing you can do for your child is to learn how to Love yourself - is to focus on recovering from your codependency ...
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Mitral valve disease. The left or mitral valve of the heart thickens and degenerates leading to congestive heart failure and eventually death. Although MVD is common in most toy breeds, it is of particular concern in Cavaliers because it may have an unusually early onset with a more rapid progression of symptoms compared to other breeds. Luxating patellas (slipping kneecaps). A condition when the knee is not stable and can cause lameness. Generally not a concern for Cavaliers with good bone and healthy parents.. Syringomyelia (SM). Of increasing concern, some Cavaliers are born with not enough room in the space in the skull that contains the back of the brain. Damage is caused when fluid surrounding the brain is forced into the spinal cord. The most common symptom is scratching on, or in the air near the head when the dog is excited or walking on a lead. Episodic falling syndrome. Generally evident at a young age. If very mildly affected, the Cavalier will freeze in mid-run and just stand there ...
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Alcohol use disorder can also start at an early age, and as the bodys tolerance levels increases, physical dependence on alcohol becomes a comfortable habit. Individuals who do actually turn to alcohol to relieve stress, maybe from their jobs or lack thereof, or from an extremely stressful personal life, or maybe as a result of something that they feel they cant control are more likely to turn into heavy drinkers.. Did you know that a family history of alcoholism can increase a persons predisposed to alcohol dependency? This is in part due to genetics or environmental factors such as being constantly around an alcoholic parent, sibling, or relative that directly influences you to emulate their behavior. This may be a hard pill to swallow, but our genetic structure determines all our human traits and numerous studies have been carried out to show that approximately 50% of alcohol dependency is attributable to genetics.. Since our DNA (passed on to us by our parents) dictates our physical ...
Associations between maternal depressive symptoms and risk for offspring early-life psychopathology: the role of genetic and non-genetic mechanisms - Line C. Gjerde, Espen M. Eilertsen, Laurie J. Hannigan, Thalia Eley, Espen Røysamb, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Fruhling V. Rijsdijk, Tom A. McAdams, Eivind Ystrom
Beverly Shelton has seen what happens to parents who have their children taken away.First, they get angry. They blame the Department of Social Services. They blame the friend or relative who reported them. They deny that they have a problem. Then, they panic. They cry for their missing children. They worry about whether they will ever get their children back. Eventually, some realize they need to work hard. They take responsibility for their problems and try to resolve
Studies in social stratification have used siblings as a tool to learn about the intergenerational transmission of advantage but less often have asked how siblings impact one anothers life chances. The author draws on social capital theory and hypothesizes that when youths attend college, they increase the probability that their siblings attend college. The author further hypothesizes that this effect is strongest among youths whose parents do not have college degrees. Findings from a U.S. national probability sample support both hypotheses. ...
This innovative book takes a comparative approach to the social origin-education-destination triangle (OED), looking at the intergenerational transmission of advantage in 14 countries. The intention is to debate the claim that education is the great social equalizer. The contributors examine the relation between family background, education and occupational achievement over time and across educational levels, focusing on the relationship between individuals social origins and their income and occupational outcomes. It will be of interest to academics and students of social policy and those interested in social inequalities and their reproduction over time.. Table of Contents. ...
His parents, both hearing impaired, were employed as teachers of deaf children. In 1946, the Zimble family relocated back to ... He had three children, five step-children, and twelve grandchildren. Zimble died on December 14, 2011 of coronary artery ... Zimble, an only child, was born on 12 October 1933 in Philadelphia. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Little Rock, ...
Screening newborns in the hospital prior to discharge eliminates the need to ask parents to return specifically for their child ... Awareness and Knowledge of the Special Needs of Their Hearing-Impaired Child. Med J Malaysia, 54(1). Olusanya, B. O., Luxon, L ... United Nations Children's Funds (UNICEF), (2005). The state of the world's children 2006: excluded and invisible. Unicef. World ... Kapil, U. (2002). Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: a program for holistic development of children in India ...
... visually impaired, deaf, hard of hearing, or deaf-blind; parents needing child care services, child support and/or healthcare ... DHS consists of eight major divisions: Commission for the Blind & Visually Impaired (CBVI) Division of Aging Services (DoAS) ... for their children; and families facing catastrophic medical expenses for their children. There is a New Jersey Department of ... Catastrophic Illness in Children Relief Fund (CICRF) Office on Autism Office for the Prevention of Developmental Disabilities ( ...
She grew up in Townsville, Queensland and is one of six children. A work place accident left her with impaired movement in her ... McDonnell grew up in a table tennis family with both her parents playing. She was a national junior player. She took up table ...
He is one of 13 children born to his parents. Daanaa enrolled into the Law Faculty of the University of Ghana in 1979 and ... He was the first visually impaired person to be approved as a Minister of State in Ghana. He was nominated for the position by ... "Parliament Approves First Ever Visually Impaired Minister, 10 Others". Retrieved 28 March 2013. "Dr. Seidu's ... president of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled hailed his appointment as a recognition of the talents of physically impaired ...
Her parent were John and Cecil Gertrude Smith. She was the youngest of six children - Jack, Oriel (known as Judy), Elsie, Roma ... Gloria Una Pascoe (born 19 February 1919) from Victoria is an Australian Paralympic vision impaired lawn bowler. She also ...
Her parents were writer Zacharias Topelius and Emilie Lindqvist. She went with her sister Eva with Swedish Rouvasväenkoulua and ... Topelius suffered impaired hearing and he devoted herself mainly to literary paintings. She published in Swedish Nya ... She published travel letters and served as reviewer of children's books. Her novel I utvecklingstid (1889) was first published ... Trollsländan, a children's magazine, with Alexandra Gripenberg in the years 1885-1892 and 1891-1892 in Alta Dahlgren. She also ...
Juicy's parents are morbidly obese shut-ins, leaving Calvin and Thurgood as a surrogate family. Juicy is often made to wear a ... It was later revealed she had not become impaired by this fall, but was lonely and seeking companionship. Calvin Banks (Crystal ... Scales) and "Juicy" Hudson (Michele Morgan) - two children, who are best friends and idolize Thurgood. Calvin is a thin and ... Papa Hudson and Mama Hudson - Juicy's parents. They are morbidly obese and confined to their apartment. Because Papa Hudson is ...
On the morning of 29 February 2016, Boboqulova waited until the girl's parents and their elder child had left their rented flat ... and impaired mental function. Her parents were Yekaterina Aleksandrovna Meshcheryakova (Екатерина Александровна Мещерякова) and ... They spent large amounts of money to try to cure their child, including flying her to China for treatment. Before her death, ... Instead, Boboqulova showed them Anastasiya's head and told them that she had killed the child and was now going to blow herself ...
His parents were never informed. The GAO found that a New York child was placed alone in a seclusion room 75 times in 6 months ... Both bills ban chemical restraints and restraints that impair breathing or otherwise threaten life. Both bills require schools ... There are 27 states that have no requirement to notify parents when a child is restrained or secluded and only 12 states that ... There are 27 states that do not have legal requirements for schools to tell parents a child was restrained/secluded. Both bills ...
... delves into the dilemma of parents whose child has cerebral palsy. While films made with children with special needs as central ... Drooling is common among children with cerebral palsy, which can have a variety of impacts including social rejection, impaired ... the limitations perceived by the child's caregivers and playmates also affect the child's play activities.[112] Some children ... For many children with CP, parents are heavily involved in self-care activities. Self-care activities, such as bathing, ...
... usually their parents.[18] This can result in the child's perception of himself/herself as unimportant and unconnected to ... Generally, the symptoms of NPD also impair the person's psychological abilities to function, either at work, or school, or ... permissive parenting as well as insensitive, over-controlling parenting, are believed to be contributing factors.[9][14] ... Golomb, Elan (1992), Trapped in the Mirror: Adult Children of Narcissists in their Struggle for Self, New York: Morrow, p. 22. ...
This program provides visually impaired children with books that have been printed in Braille. Children are able to follow ... Parents can help their children prepare by providing a braille-rich environment in the home. The Dots for Tots program aims to ... The dual encoding allows both adults and children who are visually impaired to read along with a person who is not visually ... Early Braille education is crucial to literacy for a visually impaired child. A study conducted in the state of Washington ...
This is a voluntary organization that had been founded by parents who lost their children in traffic accidents. The ... In addition he is involved in many voluntary NGOs activities (e.g., Chairman of the Association of Visually Impaired People in ... Kahane's wife Rivka was born in Russia at the end of WWII (Her parents escaped to Russia from Poland). She immigrated to Israel ... The Association for the Visually Impaired People (Chairman of Sharon District, and Chairman of Finance Committee of the ...
They assist custodial parents in getting a child support order in place, and refer unemployed noncustodial parents to ... Adult Protective Services (APS) provides case management and services for mentally or physically impaired adults who are at ... The Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) ensures that noncustodial parents pay child support orders established in family ... OCSE also refers parents to mediation services to resolve disputes and participates in several outreach programs to promote ...
Parents need to keep an eye on their children at all times. (Oswalt) Children with disabilities who are as young as seven ... Visually impaired children may need physical therapy to help them learn these gross motor skills faster. One hour of therapy ... Children when put in environments with older children will observe and try and copy the movements done. This helps the child ... Focusing on the progress of your child is better than focusing on comparing your child to other children. (Humphrey) It has ...
"Unresolved Grief in a National Sample of Bereaved Parents: Impaired Mental and Physical Health 4 to 9 Years Later". Journal of ... "Phenomenology and Correlates of Complicated Grief in Children and Adolescents". Journal of the American Academy of Child & ... parents) Insecure attachment styles Emotional dependency Lack of preparation for death Death in hospital No shortened rapid eye ... Miscarriage Childhood separation anxiety Controlling parents Parental abuse or death Close kinship relationship to the deceased ...
... the younger the child, the easier the learning process, children naturally love to learn, parents are their child's best ... call R.A. Cummins 1988 book The Neurologically Impaired-child: Doman-Delacato Techniques Reappraised (Croom Helm, ISBN ... The IAHP then instructed parents of children in their program not to take part in any independent studies designed to evaluate ... 1999). "The treatment of neurologically impaired children using patterning". Pediatrics. 104 (5 Pt 1): 1149-51. doi:10.1542/ ...
Doctors had been unable to stop the progress of the disease by surgery and advised his parents he was likely to die. The boy ... She survived, but was left with facial scars and impaired eyesight. She was adopted by her father's sister and her husband, a ... Tekakwitha is featured at Camp Ondessonk, a Catholic youth camp in southern Illinois. One of the cabin units is named after her ... The remains of Tekakwitha's parents, along with the many others who had died in the previous decade, were to be carefully ...
Adults served must be age 60 or older or functionally impaired. Many of Georgia's children are cared for outside of their homes ... Providing information to parents about programs. Providing consumer education by information about child development available ... so that children can develop. In Georgia, there are 3000 child care learning centers, 3100 child care learning homes, and 2000 ... Most children served are 12 years of age or younger, but in after-school programs, children through 18 may be eligible for ...
In 1905, the club created a fellowship for the John H. Hamline school which would provide funds for parents' and children's ... In 1906, members of the club taught the visually impaired in their homes, teaching Braille, shorthand, typewriting and weaving ... Her Unborn Child'". The Evening News. 25 May 1917. Retrieved 18 January 2017 - via Page, Grace A. (February ... "Children Aid One Another". The Inter Ocean. 1 January 1896. Retrieved 11 January 2017 - via "A Strange School ...
... the child's cognitive functioning or ability to cope with negative or disruptive emotions may be impaired. Over time, the child ... Oftentimes, parents who are guilty of neglect were also neglected as children. The long-term effects of neglect are reduced ... This view was held well into the late 1990s, in which people still believed this child-parent relationship was a large ... Today,[when?] the belief is held that the child-parent relationship is of small importance in terms of causing mental illness ...
Children of parents who are preoccupied or overly attentive to the somatic complaints of their children are more likely to ... and cause increased disability and impaired functioning. A recent review of the cognitive-affective neuroscience of ...
"Parents feel more angry and frustrated with this child than with other children". The child's behavior is referred to in such ... metaphor was then applied to children whose attachments were thought to be impaired. The clinic, originally called the Youth ... From this perspective, parenting a child with an attachment disorder is a battle, and winning the battle by defeating the child ... 3. Holding a child until s/he complies with a demand. 4. Hitting a child. 5. Poking a child on any part of his/her body to get ...
If the afflicted child was less than one month old at their time of death, there may have been premature birth. Without the ... Tregear advocated for parenting education in this context Minnie Dean Phoebe Veitch Caroline Whitting Lillian Fanny Jane Hobbs ... negligent parental alcohol abuse and impaired standards of care; administration of alcohol to prevent infant cries; and the ... Other than that, newborn infants might also perish from sharing beds with their parents, who might roll over and smother them ...
... four children died in Australia because their parents chose ineffective naturopathic, homeopathic, or other alternative ... Specific groups of patients such as patients with impaired hepatic or renal function are more susceptible to side effects of ... "Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect" (PDF). Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 ... In the United States, the 1974 Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) required that for states to receive federal ...
Not in front of the children, darling - itll harm their brains: Bickering parents impair kids development, claims study. * ... Their respective parents were also asked to recall any negative life events the children had experienced. A total of 27 ... Brain scans have revealed children who experience mild to moderate family problems up to the age of 11 suffer impaired brain ... Chrissy Teigen looks stunning as usual as she reads The Giving Tree to her kids Luna, 4, and Miles, 2: Saddest childrens book ...
Obese children and their parents report that health-related quality of life for overweight kids is significantly impaired and ... Obese children and their parents report that health-related quality of life for overweight kids is significantly impaired and ... of impaired quality of life for obese children was 5.5 times greater than for a healthy child and as likely to be impaired as ... parents and teachers need to be informed of the risk for impaired quality of life among overweight children to target ...
As with all motor development, balance develops from head to toe; your child wont be able to sit until he has head and trunk ... Helping Your Visually Impaired Child Develop Good Motor Skills. Helping Your Visually Impaired Child Develop Good Motor Skills ... Remind all your children, including your visually impaired child, to put their toys away and not leave them on the floor where ... This site gives parents of visually impaired children a place to support each other, share stories and concerns, and link to ...
... games and baby monitors for hearing parents and children learning sign language, and decor products for the nursery and ... Harris Communications Kids Products offers books, DVDs, flashcards, toys, ... Kids Products. Find a variety of sign language books, games, toys and other fun items for parents with deaf, hearing or hard of ...
... and find resources on raising their children from birth to adulthood. ... was created by AFB and NAPVI so that families of children who are blind or visually impaired could support each other, share ... FamilyConnect is an online, multimedia community created to give parents of visually impaired children a place to support each ... Support for Parents. Training and workshops for parents and support services, such as in-home visits, respite care, and ...
Encourage your youth to be a problem finder and solution setter for issues that arise daily and discuss how academic content ... Parents & Teachers: 6 Ways to Inspire the Teen Brain. The teen brain is at a crossroad; unlock its potential with 6 strategies ... For years parents and educators have preached, "the more you know, the better." Teens are being trained to stuff facts and ... Would be great to read some more actionable ideas for a parent whose teenager has FTL syndrome. ...
... youll come across a number of professionals to provide support with your childs health, education and life at home. ... Qualified teacher of visually impaired children (QTVI). Your local education authority (LEA) should have at least one QTVI to ... You may be referred to one to check that your childs eyes are healthy. Your GP may refer you to a child health or child ... Who does what in eye care? A guide for parents If your child has a vision impairment, youll come across a number of different ...
Facebook Post Helps Toddler Get Kidney From Parents Former HS Classmate Flu Takes a Toll in NYC, With 4 Children Reported Dead ... "These results do mean that we should make more effort in educating parents, schools and health officials on the dangers of ... Bennett Leventhal, professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and deputy director of research at the Nathan S. Kline ... and psychopathology in the teen and the parent," said Leventhal. " ...
... and the long-term effects may be worse in younger children. ... A new study says concussions in children can affect brain ... finds pre-adolescents who sustain sports-related concussions may have impaired brain function for up to two years after the ... 14 Ways to Tame Your Kids Tantrums 14 Ways to Tame Your Kids Tantrums The smart parents guide to coping with your kids fits ... How to Deal With Bullies: A Guide for Parents How to Deal With Bullies: A Guide for Parents Mean kids arent just a middle- ...
Find out everything you need to know about parenting. ... Kids Concussions May Impair Brain Function Years Later. We ... Concussion Doc: Dont Let Your Kids Play Football. Dr. Bennet Omalu says parents shouldnt let kids under the age of 18 play ... Parents. Subscribe to Parents. From the Latest Issue. *Michael Phelps Reveals How Being a Parent Has Changed Him ... What should I do if my childs tooth gets knocked out?. More Kids Get Injured in Flag Football Than Tackle, Study Says. New ...
... has identified a link between impaired interoception - the ability to perceive internal sensations such as hunger, pain, ... Parent-led tool opens up NHS childrens heart surgery data to families. Description. Researchers are calling for the end to an ... Emigration of children to urban areas can protect parents from depression. *Global mental health project led by Kings wins € ... Research reveals why certain children are difficult to parent. *Twin study reveals epigenetic alterations of psychiatric ...
Here are some things to know about the health and medical care of an adopted child, before, during, and after the adoption. ... impaired hearing and vision. *metabolic disorders. *psychological problems (such as attachment problems) ... Parents of other children with similar conditions can be a valuable resource both before and after the adoption. ... Kids With Special Needs. The term "special needs" is applied to any condition that may make it harder for a child to be adopted ...
Resources for Parents and Teachers of Blind and Visually Impaired Children. Resources for Parents and Teachers of Blind and ... Provides support and information for parents of blind and visually impaired children, holds an annual conference and publishes ... Has pamphlets and publications helpful to parents of blind and visually impaired children. ... products and/or services to parents or teachers of blind and visually impaired children. In addition to these organizations, ...
Children Become the Parents Caregiver. With our mother secured in the nursing home, my brother and I could clear out her ... Its eye-opening to see how much we all share in dealing with our aging parents. The name of my book is The Bumpy Road to ... Prior to my moms diagnosis I almost wished I were an only child because dealing with a sibling who was in denial was extremely ... Freds Head from APH: A Better Living Blog for People who are Blind or Visually Impaired ...
Chapter 48 Communicating with children when a parent is dying Cynthia W Moore, Michele Pengelly, and Paula K Rauch. ... Chapter 47 Issues for cognitively impaired elderly patients Andrew Roth, and Christian Nelson. ...
Child of Impaired Parents. Observational. *Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris. *Service d'Aide à la Parentalité des ... Child development Mother infant attachment - Coding Interactive Behavior - Pirgas scale - Child protection legal decisions if ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT02397824. DC-2012-1677. January 2015. December 2020. March 25, 2015. December 18, 2015. *BLOCH-ZUPAN ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT02450396. 13.381bis. EGR2. June 2014. June 2019. December 2019. May 21, 2015. June 24, 2016. *Hôpital ...
Child Passenger Safety. *Alcohol-impaired Driving. *Teen Driver Safety. *Parents Are the Key to Safe Teen Driving ... Prospective parents adopting a child from overseas need information to safeguard the health of the child from lead poisoning, ... Tips for parents and caregivers include talking to children, developing rules, exploring the sites their child visits, talking ... CDC would like to remind parents to update their childrens vaccinations before school starts. Doing so will protect your child ...
Krab LC, de Goede-Bolder A, Aarsen FK, et al. Effect of simvastatin on cognitive functioning in children with neurofibromatosis ... Cognitively Impaired Populations. The four RCTs in 1,153 patients with an established diagnosis of AD included primarily older ... Do Statins Impair Cognition? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. ... Stuart SA, Robertson JD, Marrion NV, Robinson ES. Chronic pravastatin but not atorvastatin treatment impairs cognitive function ...
... of visually impaired children will find this a welcome guide to coping with day-to-day challenges and enhancing the childs e ... Living and Learning with Blind Children: A Guide for Parents and Teachers of Visually Impaired Children FELICITY HARRISON ... Living and Learning with Blind Children. Book Description: Parents and preschool teachers of visually impaired children will ... a group of visually impaired children, or a group that includes a visually impaired child. Your choice of games will, of course ...
... help for children of alcoholics, and more. [Joyce Brennfleck Shannon;] -- Provides basic consumer health information for teens ... When teens drink, parents may pay --. Reduce youth access to alcohol --. Preventing alcohol abuse through positive youth ... Deterring alcohol-impaired drivers --. Handling peer pressure --. Tips for alcohol-free parties --. Religious beliefs and ... Children of alcoholics --. Important facts for children of alcoholics --. Coping with an alcoholic parent --. Breaking the ...
The truth about parenting special needs children is that the parents quality of life often suffers significantly. ... Yet its not only your memory that gets impaired. For example, Wetherell and colleagues found that the parents of autistic ... All parents will have an occasional bad day and question why they had kids in the first place. Yet for the parents of kids with ... disrupted parent-child relationships, reduced parenting efficacy, and increased levels of parent stress. Some research exists ...
... to be exposed to CSA were girls reared in families in families characterized by high levels of marital conflict and impaired ... parenting and in families having parents with adjustment problems. ... Child Abuse, Sexual / psychology* * Child Abuse, Sexual / statistics & numerical data * Child of Impaired Parents / psychology ... in families in families characterized by high levels of marital conflict and impaired parenting and in families having parents ...
Relationship between perceived parenting style with anxiety levels and loneliness in visually impaired children and adolescents ... Relationship between perceived parenting style with anxiety levels and loneliness in visually impaired children and adolescents ... Another aim of our study was to determine the frequencies of perceived parenting styles in visually impaired children. In our ... When the correlation of perceived parenting styles with loneliness levels were compared between visually impaired children and ...
... and Kawasaki disease are among 24 illnesses parents must know. Symptoms and pictures from WebMD help parents know when to call ... If breathing becomes severely impaired, hospital treatment may be needed. However, most kids get better on their own in about a ... Once the rash appears, the child is usually no longer contagious. Up to 20% of kids get it by age 5, and up to 60% have had it ... The fungus spreads easily from child to child, so sharing combs, brushes, towels, and clothes should be avoided. Ringworm is ...
Maternal & Child Health. Underage Marijuana Use and Impaired Driving Common in Colorado and Washington A pilot study by ... Family Meals Good Not Only for Kids, But Parents, Too New findings from the School of Public Healths ongoing Project EAT study ... Preventing Obesity Among Low-Income, Diverse Preschool-Aged Children and Parents Professor Simone French and Associate ... Few Parents Aware Meningitis B Vaccine is Available Recent research by Assistant Professor Nicole Basta reveals that only 20 ...
  • If your child has a vision impairment, you'll come across a number of different professionals: some are there to provide support with your child's health, others to support their education and life at home. (
  • With an older child who is already living in the United States, you can get a sense of the child's general health by spending time with him or her before the adoption or by serving as a foster parent first. (
  • Parents and preschool teachers of visually impaired children will find this a welcome guide to coping with day-to-day challenges and enhancing the child's education and development. (
  • There are many ways to motivate and build a visually impaired child's confidence. (
  • A support team, including parent(s), classroom teacher, and others, will collaborate to identify your child's unique learning needs and will then determine, implement and evaluate appropriate educational supports. (
  • A Manitoba Education and Advanced Learning Consultant for Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI) may be a member of your child's support team. (
  • They provide support to deaf children, their parents and family, and to other professionals who are involved with a child's education. (
  • Abusive head trauma (AHT) is an injury to a child's brain as a result of child abuse . (
  • These injuries happen when someone (most often a parent or other caregiver) vigorously shakes a child or strikes the child's head against a surface. (
  • This study was conducted with 256 parent-child dyads, consisting of children with ODD and one of each child's parents. (
  • Another example is when parents are overly anxious about a child's feeding. (
  • Parents concerned about their child's sleep can intervene in several ways. (
  • 15 - 23 When making end-of-life decisions on behalf of their children, parents place the greatest importance on quality of life, expected neurologic recovery and likelihood of improvement, and perception of the child's pain and suffering. (
  • 19 At the end of their child's life, parents value having adequate information and communication, being physically present with their child, optimized pain management, social support, and empathic relationships with staff members. (
  • 18 Here, we present the parents' own words about what was most and least helpful at their child's end of life, ways to enhance communication, and advice about how to improve care. (
  • In developing countries, the predominant method of detecting children with hearing loss is through parental suspicion due to the child's inappropriate response, or lack of response, to sound and occurs at a mean age of 22 months (Gopal et al. (
  • Assessing a child's pain based on the judgement of their parents or caregivers may lead to underestimation, as there is a widespread tendency for people to underestimate others' pain. (
  • In theory, when the child's resistance is overcome and the rage is released, the child is reduced to an infantile state in which he or she can be "re-parented" by methods such as cradling, rocking, bottle feeding and enforced eye contact. (
  • The philosophy of the Institutes consists of several interrelated beliefs: that every child has genius potential, stimulation is the key to unlocking a child's potential, teaching should commence at birth, the younger the child, the easier the learning process, children naturally love to learn, parents are their child's best teacher, teaching and learning should be joyous and teaching and learning should never involve testing. (
  • The child's employment does not endangers his/her life, safety, health, and morals, or impairs his/her normal development. (
  • Ideally a team of experts including the child's primary care provider, an otolaryngologist, a speech-language pathologist, audiologist and an educator will work closely with the parents to create an Individualized Family Service Plan. (
  • In the same year, she wrote Every Child's Birthright: In Defense of Mothering, a study of the early mother-child relationship in which she argued that all subsequent development is based on the quality of the child's first attachments. (
  • Abandonment may be physical (the parent is not present in the child's life) or emotional (the parent withholds affection, nurturing, or stimulation). (
  • Therefore, parents may now determine if their child's teacher who has passed a criminal record check has in fact been found guilty of such crimes as sexual assault, kidnapping, physical assault, impaired driving and so on. (
  • In addition, a child's airway is smaller in diameter than an adult's airway, which means that smaller objects can cause an airway obstruction in children. (
  • Tiger mothers prioritize schoolwork above all else and only allow children to participate in activities in order to potentially win awards which they believe will increase the chance of the child's acceptance to the best schools. (
  • Typically, throughout the child's academic career, the mother's attempts to help the child obtain outstanding results in exams to secure a seat in prestigious schools, with the end goal of entering a top-notch university in mind. (
  • This is common if the child's parents are related to each other, explaining why many reported cases of PGM3 deficiency have involved consanguinity families. (
  • The likelihood of significant quality-of-life impairment was profound for obese children," said Schwimmer, who also directs the Weight and Wellness Center, a childhood obesity program at Children's Hospital and Health Center, San Diego. (
  • With similar questions, parents were asked to assess their children's physical, emotional, social and school functioning. (
  • In addition to the PedsQL questionnaire, the children were evaluated at Children's Hospital and Health Center, San Diego with physical and laboratory exams for obesity-related medical conditions such as diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, polycystic ovary syndrome, fatty liver disease, and elevated insulin and cholesterol levels. (
  • NCPIE's mission is to advocate the involvement of parents and families in their children's education, and to foster relationships between home, school, and community to enhance the education of all our nation's young people. (
  • According to the National Mental Health Association and the Federation of Families for Children's Mental Health (1993), parents who are caring for children with mental illness find it extremely difficult to get their own mental health needs met while trying to meet the mental health needs of their child. (
  • This article examines relationships between parental depression and children's mental health problems and health care utilization in a nationally representative household sample of parents and their children. (
  • Before Helen Maxwell became its director in 1986, MacLaren Children's Center was a fearful place, a dingy institution plagued with allegations of over-medicated youngsters and indifferent care. (
  • Research has found that parents can have an enormous influence on their children's drinking and drug use, especially during the preteen and early teen years. (
  • We conclude that math anxiety not only hinders children's performance in the present but potentially has long-lasting consequences, because it impairs not only math performance but also math learning. (
  • Surprisingly, Donna says, the hardest work can be getting the students' parents to understand their children's potential. (
  • This research was supported, in part, with funding from the National Institute of Child Health and Development (RO1 HD051873) to SJJ, and by grants from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Children's University Medical Group and the Arkansas Biosciences Institute (SJJ). (
  • The study was part of a larger 3-site study, including Children's Hospital Boston, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Tufts New England Hospital, which used retrospective parent self-report questionnaires to examine parental perspectives about end-of-life care. (
  • The authors are also grateful for the children and families who participated in the study, and to the undergraduate and graduate members of the UCF Children's Learning Clinic who contributed to the project. (
  • This research evaluates whether the 20 episodes targeting barriers identified by parents across five levels of difficulty influences vegetable parenting practices and children's dietary intake. (
  • All while trying to cook dinner and attend to their kids," says lead author Jenny Radesky, M.D., a child behavior expert and pediatrician at University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital who conducted the study with colleagues from Boston Medical Center. (
  • In an effort to understand the impact of their children's deafness on Greek mothers, demographic, disability-related and stress characteristics were examined with 42 hearing mothers and their deaf children. (
  • The children's problems are ascribed to an inability to attach to their new parents, because of suppressed rage due to past maltreatment and abandonment. (
  • International human-rights and treaty bodies such as the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Council of Europe and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights have advocated an end to all forms of corporal punishment, arguing that it violates children's dignity and right to bodily integrity. (
  • They also offer long white canes to children in the UK, through The Common Sense Children's Cane Bank. (
  • Shortly after the Second World War, linguists claimed that speaking a dialect other than the standard language would impair children's (language) learning abilities. (
  • The act also required that school districts provide administrative procedures so that parents of disabled children could dispute decisions made about their children's education. (
  • He found it in the autopsy report of an 11-year-old child who was deaf and dumb and died in Children's Hospital of Strasbourg. (
  • Tiger mothers take much pride in their children's academic achievements and may flaunt them to other parents. (
  • These problems include arguments or tension between parents, physical or emotional abuse, lack of affection or communication between family members. (
  • On questions related to physical, emotional, social and school issues, the children self-reported their quality-of-life ratings, and parents provided their assessments. (
  • A new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) has identified a link between impaired interoception - the ability to perceive internal sensations such as hunger, pain, disgust or fear - and alexithymia or 'emotional blindness. (
  • By understanding that impaired heartbeat perception is a mechanism underlying alexithymia - and therefore emotional difficulties experienced by many people with ASD - the researchers hope these findings could provide a therapeutic target for clinical intervention. (
  • I am focusing on children with special emotional needs, including children who have a psychiatric diagnosis. (
  • I'm referring to the parents of children with severe cases of depression or other mood disorders, ADHD, psychosis , autism, and other emotional and/or cognitive disorders. (
  • New findings from the School of Public Health's ongoing Project EAT study show that parents who frequently eat with their families report increased emotional health and higher quality nutrition. (
  • Instead, she sees it as an opportune spot to buttress the self-esteem of and introduce "humanizing experiences" to youngsters who are in such emotional distress that they cannot be placed anywhere else. (
  • Parents identified 6 priorities for pediatric end-of-life care including honest and complete information, ready access to staff, communication and care coordination, emotional expression and support by staff, preservation of the integrity of the parent-child relationship, and faith. (
  • 18 , 22 Children who die of cancer experience considerable pain and symptoms, such as fatigue and dyspnea, according to their parents, diminishing their quality of life and adding to the emotional burden of families. (
  • Participants consistently expressed an internal struggle between multitasking mobile technology use, work and children, information overload and emotional tensions around disrupting family routines, such as meal time. (
  • Their emotional response to whatever they were reading on their mobile device -- whether it was a work email or bad news -- sometimes affected how they responded to their children, for example. (
  • Research on early brain development shows that babies and toddlers have a critical need for direct interactions with parents and other significant care givers for healthy brain growth and the development of appropriate social, emotional, and cognitive skills. (
  • She was also professor emeritus of child psychoanalysis at the University of Michigan Medical School, where she had taught from 1963 to 1979, and had also been director of the Child Developmental Project in Washtenaw County, Mich., for children with emotional problems. (
  • Play has also been associated with the healthy development of parent-child bonds, establishing social, emotional and cognitive developmental achievements that assist them in relating with others, and managing stress. (
  • The school has an integrated approach where sighted and blind children live and study in the same environment, which gives a boost and emotional moral support to the blind children that they are not left out. (
  • Children raised by tiger parents may be met with emotional threats and low-impact physical punishments if they fail to meet their parents' expectation. (
  • On the morning of 29 February 2016, Boboqulova waited until the girl's parents and their elder child had left their rented flat in Moscow. (
  • She was born hearing-impaired, her disability certificate was issued in 2016. (
  • In 2016 she graduated with honors from the Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), with a qualification of an Alpine Skiing coach-teacher. (
  • Previous studies have focused on the impact of severe neglect, abuse and maltreatment on young children, yet these new findings show even relatively normal difficulties were enough to have a noticeable effect. (
  • Halloween also can be disappointing for children with severe food sensitivities. (
  • That chemical is originally intended to treat acute lead poisoning and (more recently) cardio patients with severe arterial plaqueing, is not safe for children, and interferes with calcium turnover. (
  • Achromatopsia (ACHM, rod monochromacy) is an early-onset autosomal recessive RD characterized by severe photophobia, impaired colour discrimination (colour blindness in the complete form and impaired in the incomplete form), pendular nystagmus and severely reduced visual acuity. (
  • In the vast majority of cases, children and adolescents cope well with these situations and severe or chronic anxiety is not common. (
  • She also testified that her child was later restrained again, and received a severe abrasion, but she was not informed of the restraint. (
  • This view was held well into the late 1990s, in which people still believed this child-parent relationship was a large determinant of severe mental illness, such as depression and schizophrenia. (
  • However, some children with severe to profound hearing loss may not be able to hear enough sound, even with a hearing aid, to make speech audible. (
  • By the time the child is standing and walking, the hepatomegaly may be severe enough to cause the abdomen to protrude. (
  • This is done in children above the age of 12 months having severe or profound hearing loss. (
  • Mutations in the sugar-binding domain leads to reduced PGM3 abundance and impairs PGM3 function and glycosylation to a higher extent than mutations in the catalytic or phosphate-binding domain, and results in a more severe clinical phenotype. (
  • Children identified with the same diagnosis often have different abilities and learning needs, and require different supports. (
  • Method We established lifetime diagnosis of DMDD using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children for DSM-5 in 180 youth aged 6-18 years, including 58 offspring of parents with bipolar disorder, 82 offspring of parents with major depressive disorder and 40 control offspring. (
  • The most disturbing thing is that she is giving parents a diagnosis. (
  • Yikes.The danger in all of this is that parents who don't know any better might be treating their child for 'wingworm' or some other lunacy without getting the child proper diagnosis and medication. (
  • This form of "therapy", including diagnosis and accompanying parenting techniques, is not scientifically validated, nor is it considered to be part of mainstream psychology. (
  • DSM-IV allows the diagnosis of personality disorders in children and adolescents only as an exception. (
  • Similar to the adult diagnosis personality disorder these children display enduring patterns of inner experience and behavior deviating markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture. (
  • There are several childhood precursors in children who later receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. (
  • Some limited long-term studies indicate that children who later receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder may show subtle early traits such as subthreshold cyclical mood abnormalities, full major depressive episodes, and possibly ADHD with mood fluctuation. (
  • The ADOS should not be used for formal diagnosis with individuals who are blind, deaf, or otherwise seriously impaired by sensory or motor disorders, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. (
  • Diagnosis may occur either before or after a child is born. (
  • The aim of this study was to determine levels of loneliness and anxiety in visually impaired children and adolescents, to analyze parenting style perceived by visually impaired children and adolescents, to compare those with typically controls. (
  • All children with failure to thrive need additional calories for catch-up growth (typically 150 percent of the caloric requirement for their expected, not actual, weight). (
  • The children will typically learn head control, trunk stability, and then standing up and walking. (
  • Therefore a prelingually deaf typically was either born deaf or lost their hearing before the age of one (the age when most hearing loss in children occurs). (
  • This typically takes the form of spanking or slapping the child with an open hand or striking with an implement such as a belt, slipper, cane, hairbrush or paddle, and can also include shaking, pinching, forced ingestion of substances, or forcing children to stay in uncomfortable positions. (
  • Researchers, on the other hand, point out that corporal punishment typically has the opposite effect, leading to more aggressive behavior in children and less long-term obedience. (
  • The role of the "Chief Enabler" is typically the spouse, significant other, parent, or eldest child of the alcoholic/addict. (
  • In autosomal dominant hearing loss, one parent who carries the dominant gene for hearing loss and typically has a hearing loss passes it on to the child. (
  • The probability is higher if both parents have the dominant gene (and typically both have a hearing loss) or if both grandparents on one side of the family have hearing loss due to genetic causes. (
  • In autosomal recessive hearing loss, both parents who typically have normal hearing, carry a recessive gene. (
  • Children with fibrous dysplasia in the appendicular skeleton typically present with limp, pain, and/or pathologic fractures. (
  • The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition. (
  • Shifts were typically 10-10.5 hours in length (i.e. 12 hours after allowing for meal breaks), and the apprentices 'hot bunked' : a child who had just finished his shift would sleep in a bed only just vacated by a child now just starting his shift. (
  • Typically, both parents of an affected child carry one abnormal gene and are unaffected by the disease. (
  • He is currently conducting research studies at the Kennedy Krieger Institute on typically developing boys ages 9-14, children ages 4-5 with and without ADHD, children ages 5-9 with and without ADHD, and parents of children who have been diagnosed with ADHD. (
  • Upper brainstem disease results in impaired voluntary rapid eye movements (supranuclear gaze palsy). (
  • In bone, constitutive Gsα signaling results in impaired differentiation and proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells. (
  • Kids require a lot of different types of thinking, so multitasking between them and technology can be emotionally and mentally draining. (
  • Youth who can ask a parent, guardian, or other adult for help are 1.5x LESS likely to binge drink. (
  • Providers include adult care centers, child care centers, family child care homes, emergency shelters, and after-school programs. (
  • Additionally, adult children of alcoholics have lower self-esteem, excessive feelings of responsibility, difficulties reaching out, higher incidence of depression, and increased likelihood of becoming alcoholics. (
  • Baby talk, also referred to as caretaker speech, infant-directed speech (IDS), child-directed speech (CDS) or motherese, is usually delivered with a "cooing" pattern of intonation different from that of normal adult speech: high in pitch, with many glissando variations that are more pronounced than those of normal speech. (
  • Hadley consists of five program areas: The Adult Continuing Education (ACE) Program serves adult students who are blind or visually impaired. (
  • The latter term was popularized by Kathleen Shaputis's 2004 book The Crowded Nest Syndrome: Surviving the Return of Adult Children, which takes a critical view of the trend. (
  • However, US census data also suggest that the rate at which adult children have been living with parents has been steady since 1981. (
  • The adult form of the disease, however, is sometimes milder, and may only lead to muscle weakness that impairs walking or the ability to get out of bed. (
  • The brain is much more vulnerable to insults like this sort while it is developing and they will need to do a bigger study where stringent controls are in place to include genetics, parental problems with marijuana, and psychopathology in the teen and the parent," said Leventhal. (
  • The parenting Style Scale was used to determine perceived parental attitudes. (
  • Authoritative parenting style was the most frequent type of parental attitude in the visually impaired group. (
  • Determinants of impaired lung function in the group of current wheezers were: time in years since first wheeze, a parental history of atopy, current sensitisation to indoor allergens, elevated cord blood IgE levels and a low ponderal index at birth. (
  • Parental depression is also related to an increased child health and mental health service utilization and expenditure. (
  • Furthermore, in regard to parental and child depressive symptoms, implications for intervention are provided. (
  • Parental resources, parental stress, and socioemotional development of deaf and hard of hearing children. (
  • Among various pre-existing factors that influence whether parents use physical punishment are: experience with physical punishment as a child, knowledge about child development, socioeconomic status, parental education and religious ideology. (
  • Parental alcoholism may affect the fetus even before a child is born. (
  • Enrolling at the Louisiana School for the Deaf is possible by: Parental application: At each IEP conference, parents have the right to review the choices of educational placements available to their child. (
  • As your child becomes more and more active, you'll need to teach him more and more about 'orientation'-the word used to describe vision-impaired people's ability to know where they are in space. (
  • Gloria Una Pascoe (born 19 February 1919) from Victoria is an Australian Paralympic vision impaired lawn bowler. (
  • Brain scans have revealed children who experience 'mild to moderate' family problems up to the age of 11 suffer impaired brain development and could be at risk of psychiatric illness. (
  • Teenagers who had experienced family problems were more likely to have a diagnosed psychiatric illness, or a parent with a mental health disorder, or to have a negative view of how their family functioned. (
  • Your family doctor (also known as a GP or General Practitioner) is concerned with the general health of your child and can advise and arrange further examinations. (
  • With international adoptions, you're likely to receive photographs of the child, but reliable, complete health and family information may not be available. (
  • When it comes to these parents, it is clear that the additional demands on parents of chronically ill children cause stress that affects the whole family (Cousino and colleagues, 2013). (
  • For example, Johnston and Mash (2005) concluded that the presence of a child with ADHD results in increased problems with family and marital functioning (hello! (
  • Aims We examined the specificity of DMDD to family history by comparing offspring of parents with (a) bipolar disorder, (b) major depressive disorder and (c) a control group with no mood disorders. (
  • 5 For example, a child may have a medical disorder that causes feeding problems and family stress. (
  • It is not unusual for preschool children to express separation anxiety, but persistent or extreme separation anxiety is atypical for school-aged children and may reflect concerns about family matters, safety, or fears of social rejection. (
  • We found that parents are struggling to balance family time and the desire to be present at home with technology-based expectations like responding to work and other demands. (
  • McDonnell grew up in a table tennis family with both her parents playing. (
  • Juicy's parents are morbidly obese shut-ins, leaving Calvin and Thurgood as a surrogate family. (
  • Against infanticide, however, large family (whanau) structures were often available to care for any such child. (
  • The Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) ensures that noncustodial parents pay child support orders established in family court. (
  • Every child in Georgia will have access to high quality early care and education regardless of family income or location. (
  • A child below 15 years old can be permitted to work if he/she is under supervision by family senior/ parents provided that the child works directly under the sole responsibility of his/her parents or legal guardian and where only members of his/her family are employed. (
  • Children of untreated alcoholics score lower on measures of family cohesion, intellectual-cultural orientation, active-recreational orientation, and independence. (
  • Because both parents usually have normal hearing, and because no other family members have hearing loss, there is no prior expectation that the child may have a hearing loss. (
  • Parents also will need to decide how their family and child are going to communicate. (
  • William Henry Johnson was born one of six children to a very poor African-American family. (
  • It is hoped that through Cool Kids, Cool Parents children will receive the support they need to enhance their communication skills and sense of identity, and to experience decreased isolation, increased self-esteem and greater participation in family and community life. (
  • After attending college, she became known by her family as "Mitchi" (ミッチ), but admitted to have also been named in her childhood as "Temple-chan", because of her curly hair and reddish hues unusual for a Japanese girl which made her look like the American child actress Shirley Temple. (
  • Since she came from a particularly wealthy family, her parents were very selective about her suitors. (
  • Some traditionalists opposed the engagement, as Shōda came from a Roman Catholic family, and although she was never baptized, she was educated at Catholic institutions and seemed to share the faith of her parents. (
  • The practice of adopting the children of family members and close friends was common among the cultures of Polynesia including Hawaii where the custom was referred to as hānai. (
  • The 'Gothic Family Romance' is the converse projection of the hostile or threatening aspects of the parents on to monsters and threats from outside the family in Gothic fiction. (
  • Even though the family may not have a history of Sandhoff disease, it is possible for two individuals to have a child with the disease. (
  • It has been described as a potentially abusive and pseudoscientific intervention that has resulted in tragic outcomes for children, including at least six documented child fatalities. (
  • Children with such selective problems are relatively rare, and there is no evidence that they respond differently to intervention, or have different causal factors, from other children with language problems. (
  • Early intervention programs for children living in low socioeconomic situations, such as the Head Start Program, began showing up around the country. (
  • Brinton and Fujiki have also written two books Coping with Communicative Handicaps: Resources for Practicing Clinicians (along with S. McFarlane) and Conversational management with language-impaired children: Pragmatic assessment and intervention (Rockville, Maryland: Aspen Publishers, 1989). (
  • The alternative approach, response to intervention, identifies children who are having difficulties in school in their first or second year after starting school. (
  • The response of the children to this intervention then determines whether they are designated as having a learning disability. (
  • Mild stress during the early teenage years may 'inoculate' children and help them cope better with difficulties later in life, explained Dr Walsh. (
  • Such children acquire language comprehension difficulties, even when other modes of language (such as writing and signing) are up to their age level standard. (
  • Frequent fractures and progressive deformity may lead to difficulties with ambulation and impaired mobility. (
  • The most obvious problems are difficulties in using words and sentences to express meanings, but for many children, understanding of language (receptive language) is also a challenge, although this may not be evident unless the child is given a formal assessment. (
  • UK speech and language therapists widely use the term Speech, Language and Communication Needs (SLCN), but this is far broader than DLD, and includes children with speech and language difficulties arising from a wide range of causes. (
  • Word finding - Children with word finding difficulties may know a word, but have difficulty accessing it for production - similar to the Tip of the tongue phenomenon. (
  • Although difficulties with use and understanding of complex sentences are a common feature of SLI, the diagnostic criteria encompass a wide range of problems, and for some children other aspects of language are problematic (see below). (
  • In general, the term SLI is reserved for children whose language difficulties persist into school age, and so it would not be applied to toddlers who are late to start talking, most of whom catch up with their peer group after a late start. (
  • Prior to the new findings with obese children, the previously published study with young cancer patients had been the lowest health-related quality-of-life scores when compared to healthy kids and children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes and congenital heart disease. (
  • The CDC notes that the health consequences related to being overweight can begin in childhood or adolescence, making obese children at increased risk for various chronic diseases in later life. (
  • The paediatrician is a specialist in child health who will check the overall health of all newly born babies, and is usually based at the hospital or child development centre. (
  • Your GP may refer you to a child health or child development clinic where you may meet the community child health doctor or senior medical officer. (
  • These results do mean that we should make more effort in educating parents, schools and health officials on the dangers of early onset marijuana exposure. (
  • If you're considering adoption, here are some things to know about the health and medical care of an adopted child, before, during, and after the adoption. (
  • After gathering the available health information, your adoption agency (if you have one) might be able to help you evaluate whether, given any medical issues, this child and these circumstances are a good fit for you. (
  • Small controlled studies suggest that depression and other mental health problems are more common in children of parents with depression than in children of parents without depression. (
  • Cross sectional comparisons of sociodemographic characteristics, mental health problems and health expenditures of children whose parents either do or do not report depression in the 1997 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data. (
  • Children of parents with depression were approximately twice as likely as children of parents without depression to have a variety of mental health problems and were 2.8 times more likely to use mental health services in adjusted analyses. (
  • Among children with health and mental health expenditures, those whose parents report depression had significantly higher mean total annual child health expenditures ($282 vs. $214, t = 3.5, P = 0.0006) and child mental health expenditures ($513 vs. $338, t = 2.0, P = 0.05) than children whose parents did not report depression. (
  • Children of parents with depression are at increased risk for a range of health problems. (
  • The other eight children were placed back on the medications after their livers showed signs of rejection, restoring the health of their livers. (
  • The Ministries for Health in Benin and Togo gave ethical approval, and parents gave informed consent. (
  • There are a lot of children who are being treated with psychotropic medications with unknown effects for benefits and harms," said the study's senior author, Dr. Anjali Jain, a managing consultant with the Falls Church, Va.-based Lewin Group, a health care consulting firm. (
  • This bracelet sells for just a few dollars but is not a bargain and can be a significant danger to small children," said Baltimore Health Commissioner Dr. Oxiris Barbot in a statement. (
  • The health department advises parents to discard the bracelet if they purchased one. (
  • However, less is known about the interplay of marital interaction and parent-child interaction (on a dyadic level) in affecting both parent and their child mental health (on an individual level). (
  • Everybody involved in the health care of a child - a nurse, a physician, a teacher - needs to promote well sleep, and that would involve a certain number of hours a sleep and routine of sleep,' Narang said. (
  • S. Hartley, P.I.). The study was supported by core grant to the Waisman Center from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U54 HD090256 to A. Messing). (
  • This research was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) R01MH099190, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) U54HD090256, and National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) T32HD07489. (
  • It's a challenge both parents and health care providers should tune into. (
  • Treatments can vary among health care providers according to providers' personalities, cultures, beliefs and acceptance of pain in children. (
  • Inadequate pain management in children can lead to psycho-social consequences, including lack of interest in food, apathy, sleep problems, anxiety, avoidance of discussions about health, fear, hopelessness and powerlessness. (
  • Attachment therapy is a controversial category of alternative child mental health interventions intended to treat attachment disorders. (
  • Although liberated that very same month, the imprisonment greatly impaired Antonia's health, and she died nine years later, at Lenzerheide, Switzerland. (
  • He graduated from Yale College in 1829 and commenced the study of law, but his health becoming impaired he instead engaged in agricultural pursuits in Bloomfield. (
  • Regulatory offenses, such as health department violations, hunting or fishing without a license, and driving while intoxicated or ability impaired (D.W.I. or D.W.A.I.) when such is not a misdemeanor. (
  • The Department of Health identifies three groups of people who may be classified as severely visually impaired. (
  • Anticipatory education of parents, health providers and educational programs about hazards can help. (
  • They were part of a larger group of 1,200 young people whose parents were addtionally asked to recall any negative life events their children had experienced between birth and 11 years of age. (
  • For years parents and educators have preached, "the more you know, the better. (
  • Now alarming new research out of the University of Illinois, and published in the journal International Journal of Psychophysiology, finds pre-adolescents who sustain sports-related concussions may have impaired brain function for up to two years after the injury. (
  • A birth cohort of more than 1,000 children born in Christchurch (New Zealand) was studied prospectively to the age of 16 years. (
  • A nationally representative sample of children, 3 to 18 years of age (n = 8,360) with one or more parents living in the household. (
  • And when Maxwell, the eighth director of the county facility in 10 years, walks through the newly pastel-painted halls, children gravitate to her for a pat and a friendly chat. (
  • Keeping Kids Safe The leading cause of death among kids 19 years and younger is unintentional injuries, or accidents. (
  • The current study enrolled 20 children and found that 12 of them (60 percent) were able to maintain their transplanted livers for close to three years or more after discontinuing immunosuppression. (
  • Watch Teachers of the Deaf Judy (early years ToD) and Alison discuss the different ways they support children with a hearing loss in the video below. (
  • For a brief period Ramzy went to a special school, but Rina felt the approach was too rigid for a child barely three years old. (
  • The Pediatric Acute Liver Failure (PALF) Study Group was formed in 2000 as a multisite, multinational consortium to prospectively study ALF in children from birth up to 18 years of age. (
  • The Speak Now Colorado website provides expert advice and resources for parents of kids 9-20 years of age, and is available in English and Spanish. (
  • AHT can happen in children up to 5 years old, but the average age of victims is between 3 and 8 months. (
  • We studied 480 children (aged 9 months to 5 years) from 16 villages in four geographic zones (four in each zone): Sudan savannah, north Guinea savannah, south Guinea savannah, and coastal savannah. (
  • In addition to her work as a counselor, Donna has also worked for years to increase post-graduate employment for the hearing and visually impaired. (
  • By the time they reach two years of age, almost all children are able to stand up, walk and run, walk up stairs, etc. (
  • As of 2007, the expanded and revised version, known as GMFCS - E&R, further includes an age band for youth 12 to 18 years. (
  • When Tekakwitha was around four years old, her baby brother and both her parents died of smallpox. (
  • Most children served are 12 years of age or younger, but in after-school programs, children through 18 may be eligible for reimbursement. (
  • Children aged 15 to below 18 years of age are permitted to work in any economic activity not considered child labor, but not more than eight (8) hours a day and in no case beyond forty (40) hours a week. (
  • When Eliza was around five or six years old, her parents had her burial clothes made. (
  • Lucas' mother Sarah says that, at seven years old, his independence is improving almost every day, and can play with other children in sports such as rock climbing and basketball. (
  • This generation differs from previous ones in that many members expect to remain with their parents for some years while maintaining their own social and professional lives. (
  • The years that led up to the formation of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 were marked by strife in the United States, from the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963 to the Vietnam war ongoing from 1955 until 1975. (
  • Adoption can be done by a couple or an individual person but children have to be 14 years younger and the adoptive parents can not have been legally incapacitated. (
  • It is home to about 150 underprivileged, sighted and visually impaired boys and girls, from five years to twenty-six years of age. (
  • The Arkavathy School houses the nursery, LKG and UKG kids from the age group of 2.5 years to 5 years. (
  • It is therefore advisable for parents to treat their child with empathy, but to raise him or her to be independent and self-confident by the teenage years. (
  • For the first time she stood on mountain skis when she was 3 years old, her parents haven't had a peace of mind ever since. (
  • Fostering creativity and innovation to tackle difficult and multifaceted problems - in and out of school - will drive successful futures of our youth for generations to come. (
  • Your local education authority (LEA) should have at least one QTVI to work with you and your child both at home and at school. (
  • Mean kids aren't just a middle-school problem. (
  • Learn how to spot it-and how to protect children of all ages from bullies at school. (
  • A referral form completed by the school and signed by the parents, as well as a recent eye report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist, are required before a consultant can conduct a functional vision assessment and begin working with your child and the school support team. (
  • A group of Dallas parents say a busy intersection near an elementary school has been missing its crossing guard the last two days. (
  • I won't let my kids walk to school, I have a kindergartner this year and we were excited with nice weather to walk to school, I won't do it," Bradley said. (
  • Sometimes the first sign of a problem isn't noticed until the child enters the school system and has behavioral or learning problems. (
  • Here's an analogy a fellow school nurse from Colorado uses: 'If your child was in the hospital, you would have a fit if the cleaning lady came in the room to give your child their medicine. (
  • Founded in 1856, the school is currently located at 1100 West 45th Street in Austin, Texas and serves not only the local community, but most of the blind children in other schools across the state. (
  • In 1960, 50 percent of legally blind school-age children in the United States were able to read Braille. (
  • According to the 2007 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind, there are approximately 57,696 legally blind children in the U.S. Out of those school-age children, only 10 percent use Braille as their primary reading medium. (
  • There are numerous causes for the decline in Braille usage, including school budget constraints, technology advancement, and different philosophical views over how blind children should be educated. (
  • Statistically, history has proven that braille reading proficiency provides an essential skill set that allows visually impaired children not only to compete with their sighted peers in a school environment, but also later in life as they enter the workforce. (
  • The bills are designed to protect children from the abuse of restraint and seclusion in school. (
  • Another witness testified that her 7-year-old daughter was bruised when she was restrained face down for playing with her tooth, but the parent was never informed by the school. (
  • Bright from the Start provides children with quality preschool knowledge that will be necessary for their future school achievements. (
  • They administer a range of programs that focuses on children between the ages of birth through school age. (
  • A child who uses sign language, or identifies with the Deaf culture does not generally experience this isolation, particularly if he/she attends a school for the deaf, but may conversely experience isolation from his parents if they do not know, or make an effort to learn sign language. (
  • Melody introduces pre-school children to classical music through the main character's imagined stories, and specially created animations that are more enjoyable for visually impaired viewers. (
  • Peng and his wife, being also deaf, used SSL in the sign school to teach children to read in Chinese, and other subjects at the primary level. (
  • The Hadley School for Professional Studies (HSPS) is a "teach the teachers" program, designed for anyone who works directly with blind and visually impaired individuals in a school, work or community setting, whether as a paid employee or a volunteer. (
  • In 2009, the Louisiana School for the Visually Impaired (LSVI) was relocated here. (
  • Louisiana law (Act 433) empowers parents to choose between the program offered by their local school system and the program offered by LSD. (
  • Parents can apply directly to LSD at any time during the school year. (
  • As a result, 11 children from Louisiana were enrolled at state cost at the Kentucky School for the Deaf. (
  • As the fighting of the American Civil War drew closer to Baton Rouge during the Mississippi campaign, parents pulled their children out and only orphans remained at the school. (
  • School age children go to the Danish Red Cross' school in Lynge, or the local public schools. (
  • Marshall started Exhall Grange, Britain's first school to cater specifically for partially sighted children in 1951, becoming the third and was its head master from 1953 until he retired in 1981, making him to date the longest-serving person to hold that position. (
  • Having taught at Stockingford County School in Nuneaton, in 1951 Marshall was one of the founders of Exhall Grange School, a boarding school based near Coventry, and the first purpose-built school for partially sighted children to be opened in the United Kingdom. (
  • Current research emphasizes recess as a place for children to "role-play essential social skills" and as an important time in the academic day that "counterbalances the sedentary life at school. (
  • The Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind is a state-supported boarding school for deaf and blind children established in 1885, in St. Augustine, Florida, United States. (
  • He had graduated from the South Carolina School for the Deaf and Blind and knew he wanted to make education for children his life's work. (
  • The school is Florida's primary public school for children who are deaf or blind. (
  • The school has two departments: The Deaf Department serves children who are deaf or hard of hearing, and the Blind Department serves children who are blind or visually impaired. (
  • In addition, outreach programs provide support to parents, teachers, and other staff in small and rural school districts in the state of Florida. (
  • At the time the EHA was enacted, more than 1 million children in the U.S. had no access to the public school system. (
  • Another 3.5 million children attended school but were "warehoused" in segregated facilities and received little or no effective instruction. (
  • Finally, the law contains a due process clause that guarantees an impartial hearing to resolve conflicts between the parents of disabled children to the school system. (
  • Federal law prohibited tax-exempt status to private schools that discriminate on the basis of race, but the parents contended that the standards the IRS used to determine if a school was discriminating were not capable of identifying all of the discriminating private schools. (
  • Respondents did not allege that their children had ever applied or would ever apply for admission to any private school. (
  • He was the Chief Sponsor of SB 0566 which mandated that if a child is deaf, hard of hearing, blind, or visually impaired and he or she might be eligible to receive services from the Illinois School for the Deaf or the Illinois School for the Visually Impaired, the school district shall notify the parents or guardian. (
  • The realization that children who were born blind were shunned and denied opportunities to grow inspired him to start the school. (
  • The school offers free education, lunch and tea-snacks to the children of the stone cutters who would otherwise never go to school. (
  • These children make it to school from the surrounding 21 villages. (
  • To this date, the school supports about 300 children and about 20 inmates. (
  • The school aspires to set up a bio-friendly environment where the children can conduct studies and become responsible citizens of India. (
  • The school has a computer training center equipped with screen-reading software to assist and enable the visually impaired to work with computers. (
  • 74.89778 SDM Mangala Jyothi Integrated School (MJIS), Vamanjoor, is an Integrated School and Society for the Welfare of the Disabled has provided educational activities for disabled children with normal children with the concept of Integrated Education since 1981. (
  • SDM Mangalajyothi Integrated School was started in 1981 to fulfill the aspirations of disabled children by "The Society For The Welfare Of The Disabled", at Vamanjoor, Mangalore, with the great efforts of the late Mrs. Mohini A. Naik. (
  • Before a deaf child is entered into a school, he is assessed at his local EARC. (
  • In services provided to children and youth, provision of after school care services is one of the major parts. (
  • The school district also had the Pre Primary Impaired (PPI) special education preschool program, which more recently had been renamed the Early Educational Child Development (EECD) program, but has since been abolished altogether and supplanted by a Special Education Kindergarten program named "Special K" starting in the 2012-2013 school year. (
  • Many parent will not send their children with albinism to school, thinking it is a waste of their resources. (
  • Her correct last name is "Drane", as listed in the official enrollment record for the 1896-1897 school year at the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired. (
  • The school district in Cumberland, Rhode Island originally agreed to subsidize Tommy's education by placing him in a program for special needs children at the Emma Pendleton Bradley Hospital. (
  • Tommy's parents appealed the school district's decision through the administrative process created by EAHCA. (
  • In the face of this Supreme Court decision, the United States Congress passed an amendment to the EHA which explicitly overruled the Supreme Court's decision in two ways: (1) The amended law allowed parents to collect attorney's fees upon winning a case against the school. (
  • In his article, "The Effects of ADHD (Beyond Decoding Accuracy) on Reading Fluency and Comprehension", Mahone outlines the ways that ADHD can impair school-age children academically. (
  • Mahone believes this shift in mental processing explains why children with ADHD do not start to struggle in school until around 3rd or 4th grade. (
  • Autosomal recessive hearing loss is when both parents carry the recessive gene, and pass it on to their child. (
  • The autosomal dominant hearing loss is when an abnormal gene from one parent is able to cause hearing loss even though the matching gene from the other parent is normal. (
  • Most often, the parents of a child with an autosomal recessive disorder are carriers: they have one copy of the altered gene, but are not affected because the other copy produces the enzyme. (
  • Autosomal refers to the fact that every person has two PGM3 alleles, one inherited from each parent. (
  • In the group of transient early wheezers, frequent lower respiratory tract infections early in life and maternal smoking during pregnancy were significant but weak determinants of impaired lung function. (
  • If both parents are carriers, each pregnancy has a 25% chance of producing an affected child. (
  • Look around your home for 'toddler traps' and then find ways to make each area of the house sale for your child. (
  • I was a fool to think that being a shrink would make my experience parenting any easier or better informed than any other parent. (
  • 20 comics about raising kids that will make every parent say, 'I've been there! (
  • These programs would make the most of the senses that the kid does have, such as touch , hearing , smell , and taste . (
  • Make a habit of placing these items up and away from young children. (
  • Make sure children are always properly buckled in the back seat in a car seat, booster seat, or seat belt, whichever is appropriate for their age, height, and weight. (
  • Fortunately, there are easy things you can do to make Halloween more accessible and inclusive, so all the kids in your neighbourhood can enjoy the spooky fun. (
  • Even the way you greet children at your door can make a difference. (
  • One hour of therapy each week is not enough so parents have to make sure they are involved in this process. (
  • Hearing aids and cochlear implants may make the child able to hear sounds in their hearing range-but they don't restore normal hearing. (
  • which make positive interactions between the children/adolescents and other people merely impossible. (
  • Even as early as preschool, children use language to make group decisions and establish authority or a standing in the social setting of the playground. (
  • not in citation given] Moreover, some tiger parents do not allow their children to make some decisions on their own, whether in academia or daily life. (
  • Some say that the benefits and safety of cochlear implants continues to grow, especially when children with implants receive a lot of oral educational support. (
  • It is a goal for some audiologists to test and fit a deaf child with a cochlear implant by six months of age, so that they don't get behind in learning language. (
  • In a study published in the April 9, 2003 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), a team headed by University of California, San Diego (UCSD) pediatric gastroenterologist Jeffrey Schwimmer, M.D., noted the likelihood of impaired quality of life for obese children was 5.5 times greater than for a healthy child and as likely to be impaired as that of very sick children with cancer. (
  • The JAMA study included 106 children ages 5-18 and their parents who took a test called the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core Scales. (
  • This study found more loneliness and trait anxiety levels in visually impaired children and adolescents compared to the control group. (
  • The results of this study showed higher loneliness and anxiety levels in visually impaired children and adolescents. (
  • A pilot study by Associate Professor Darin Erickson shows that all local agencies reported underage use was somewhat or very common and most reported marijuana-impaired driving was somewhat or very common in their jurisdictions. (
  • Professor Simone French and Associate Professor Nancy Sherwood led a study of the NET-Works program, which consisted of home visiting, community-based parenting classes, and telephone check-in calls. (
  • The aim of the present study was to analyse determinants of lung function in 7‐yr-old children with different wheezing patterns (early, persistent and late onset) in a prospective cohort study. (
  • The German Multicentre Allergy Study (MAS) followed 1,314 children from birth onwards. (
  • NEW YORK (Feb. 1, 2012) -- Physicians at three transplant centers have found in a pilot study that a majority of children who receive liver tissue from a parent can eventually stop using immunosuppression (anti-rejection) medications safely. (
  • While previous research has shown that withdrawing immunosuppression is possible in children, the current study showed the highest benefit ever achieved, Dr. Lobritto says. (
  • In the next study, physicians expect to enroll more broadly, including children who received a deceased donor liver. (
  • Older children, kids who had seen a psychiatrist and those diagnosed with an additional condition, such as depression or seizures, were more likely to have been prescribed one or more psychotropic medications, the study found. (
  • The study couldn't tell why older children were more likely to receive psychotropic medication, but one reason could be that the doctor's comfort level with medication in older children is greater," Jain said. (
  • The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the priorities and recommendations for end-of-life care and communication from the parents' perspective. (
  • Fifty-six parents whose children had died in PICUs after withdrawal of life support participated in this study. (
  • Toward that end, the purpose of the study was to identify parents' priorities and recommendations for improving the quality of end-of-life care and communication in the PICU. (
  • Parents' use of smartphones and tablets around young children may be causing internal tension, conflicts, and negative interactions with their children, says a new study. (
  • In that study and subsequent videotaped research, her team found that parent mobile device use is associated with fewer verbal and nonverbal interactions with the children. (
  • Cannot independently walk but may be able to use powered mobility The GMFCS has been used to describe study samples in terms of the number of children in each band. (
  • The study was conducted in response to concerns that a wide range of terminology was used in this area, with the consequence that there was poor communication, lack of public recognition, and in some cases children were denied access to services. (
  • In one study, peanuts were the most common object found in the airway of children evaluated for suspected foreign body aspiration. (
  • You may also meet a paediatric neurologist who has particular expertise in how the brain works in very young children. (
  • Up to 40% of young children with their first RSV infection will develop noticeable wheezing, and up to 2% will require hospitalization. (
  • Young children are prone to ear infections because of their small and horizontally positioned auditory tubes. (
  • Before the introduction of an effective vaccine, rotavirus was the top cause of diarrhea-related deaths in young children. (
  • Gastrointestinal Injuries from Magnet Ingestion in Children CDC's Dr. Julie Gilchrist discusses the unique risks associated with small magnets to young children. (
  • Since parents of young children commonly complain about not getting their child to eat V, there should be broad interest in playing Mommio. (
  • Cued speech enables young children with hearing loss to clearly see what is being said, and learn spoken languages with normal grammar and vocabulary. (
  • Therefore, exposing such young children to television programs should be discouraged. (
  • GSD I is therefore a potential cause of ketotic hypoglycemia in young children. (
  • Also, young children are still developing the ability to chew food completely. (
  • This is the perfect opportunity for parents to start a conversation with their kids about the use of alcohol and marijuana, and the misuse of prescription drugs and other drugs. (
  • The site has conversation starters for parents to consider when discussing parties with their kids, or if their child asks about their own use of drugs or alcohol. (
  • FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome) is known to produce children with damage to the central nervous system, general growth and facial features. (
  • Risk factors include using alcohol or sedatives, undergoing a procedure involving the oral cavity or pharynx, wearing oral appliances, or having a medical condition that causes difficulty swallowing or impairs the cough reflex. (