Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.
Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.
Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.

Caregiver behaviors and resources influence child height-for-age in rural Chad. (1/714)

The purpose of this study was to identify caregiver characteristics that influence child nutritional status in rural Chad, when controlling for socioeconomic factors. Variables were classified according to the categories of a UNICEF model of care: caregiving behaviors, household food security, food and economic resources and resources for care and health resources. Sixty-four households with 98 children from ages 12 to 71 mo were part of this study. Caregivers were interviewed to collect information on number of pregnancies, child feeding and health practices, influence on decisions regarding child health and feeding, overall satisfaction with life, social support, workload, income, use of income, and household food expenditures and consumption. Household heads were questioned about household food production and other economic resources. Caregiver and household variables were classified as two sets of variables, and separate regression models were run for each of the two sets. Significant predictors of height-for-age were then combined in the same regression model. Caregiver influence on child-feeding decisions, level of satisfaction with life, willingness to seek advice during child illnesses, and the number of individuals available to assist with domestic tasks were the caregiver factors associated with children's height-for-age. Socioeconomic factors associated with children's height-for-age were the amount of harvested cereals, the sources of household income and the household being monogamous. When the caregiver and household socioeconomic factors were combined in the same model, they explained 54% of the variance in children's height-for-age, and their regression coefficients did not change or only slightly increased, except for caregiver's propensity to seek advice during child illnesses, which was no longer significant. These results indicate that caregiver characteristics influence children's nutritional status, even while controlling for the socioeconomic status of the household.  (+info)

Enteropathogenic bacteria in faecal swabs of young children fed on lactic acid-fermented cereal gruels. (2/714)

The influence of consumption of a lactic acid-fermented cereal gruel togwa with pH < or = 4 on the presence of faecal enteric bacteria such as campylobacter, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC:O157), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), salmonella and shigella was evaluated. Under 5 years old healthy children listed in an ascending order of age were alternatively assigned and given either a lactic-acid fermented cereal gruel togwa (test diet) or an unfermented cereal gruel uji (control diet) once a day for 13 consecutive days. The presence of the enteropathogens was examined in rectal swabs collected from the children at baseline (before feeding session started), on days 7 and 13, and additionally 14 days (follow-up day) after the feeding session had stopped. The swabs were cultured on to different optimal media for respective enteropathogen and confirmed by standard microbiological and serological methods. Campylobacter spp. dominated among the enteropathogens (62% out of total) followed by Salmonella spp., ETEC and Shigella spp. Children with isolated enteropathogens in the togwa group was significantly reduced (P < 0.001) from 27.6% at baseline to 7.8, 8.2 and 12.7% on days 7, 13 and follow-up day, respectively. The effect was more pronounced in those children taking togwa > 6 times during the study period. In the control group, there was a slight decrease from 16.7% at baseline to 11.4% on day 7 and 8.1% on day 13. On the follow-up day, enteropathogens were found in 22.6% of the children, which was significantly higher than in those children taking togwa > 6 times. We conclude, that regular consumption of togwa with pH < or = 4, once a day, three times a week may help to control intestinal colonization with potential diarrhoea-causing pathogens in young children.  (+info)

Cost-effective treatment for severely malnourished children: what is the best approach? (3/714)

In urban Bangladesh, 437 children with severe malnutrition aged 12-60 months were sequentially allocated to treat either as i) inpatients, ii) day care, or iii) domiciliary care after one week of day care. Average institutional cost (US$) to achieve 80% weight-for-height were respectively $156, $59 and $29/child. As a proportion of the overall costs, staff salaries were the largest component, followed by laboratory tests. Parental costs were highest for domiciliary care, as no food supplements were provided. Nevertheless it was the option most preferred by parents and when the institutional and parental costs were combined, domiciliary care was 1.6 times more cost-effective than day care, and 4.1 times more cost-effective than inpatient care. CONCLUSION: With careful training and an efficient referral system, domiciliary care preceded by one week of day care is the most cost-effective treatment option for severe malnutrition in this setting.  (+info)

The Pathways study: a model for lowering the fat in school meals. (4/714)

We describe the development and implementation of the Pathways school food service intervention during the feasibility phase of the Pathways study. The purpose of the intervention was to lower the amount of fat in school meals to 30% of energy to promote obesity prevention in third- through fifth-grade students. The Pathways nutrition staff and the food service intervention staff worked together to develop 5 interrelated components to implement the intervention. These components were nutrient guidelines, 8 skill-building behavioral guidelines, hands-on materials, twice yearly trainings, and monthly visits to the kitchens by the Pathways nutrition staff. The components were developed and implemented over 18 mo in a pilot intervention in 4 schools. The results of an initial process evaluation showed that 3 of the 4 schools had implemented 6 of the 8 behavioral guidelines. In an analysis of 5 d of school menus from 3 control schools, the lunch menus averaged from 34% to 40% of energy from fat; when the menus were analyzed by using the food preparation and serving methods in the behavioral guidelines, they averaged 31% of energy from total fat. This unique approach of 5 interrelated food service intervention components was accepted in the schools and is now being implemented in the full-scale phase of the Pathways study in 40 schools for 5 y.  (+info)

The Narangwal Nutrition Study: a summary review. (5/714)

Between April 1968 and May 1973 the department of International Health of The Johns Hopkins University carried out investigations into the interactions of malnutrition and infection and their effects on preschool child growth, morbidity and mortality in 10 villages of Punjab, North India. Base line surveys before the introduction of services revealed a high prevalence of malnutrition and undernutrition and infectious disease morbidity, as well as lack of accessibility, underutilization and poor population coverage of governmental health services. Study villages were selected in separate clusters and allocated to a control group and three service groups in which nutrition care and medical care were provided singly and in combination by auxiliary health workers resident in each village. Outcome effects were measured through means of longitudinal and cross-sectional surveys. Service inputs and service costs were similarly monitored. Results showed significant improvement of growth (weight and height) and hemoglobin levels of children. Perinatal mortality was reduced by nutrition supplementation to pregnant women. Medical care significantly reduced postneonatal and 1 to 3 mortality, and decreased illness duration of all six conditions examined in this paper. The auxiliary health worker capably managed more than 90% of health needs on her own and referred the rest safely to the physician. Analysis of cost per child death averted showed that cost-effectiveness declined with increasing age of the child. Prenatal nutrition care to pregnant women was most cost-effective in preventing perinatal deaths followed by medical care for infants, and then medical care for the 1 to 3 year age group. The relevance of the field research to national or international endeavors to solve present health problems of developing nations and the timeliness of projects such as the Narangwal Nutrition Study is also evaluated.  (+info)

Feeding problems in merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy. (6/714)

Feeding difficulties were assessed in 14 children (age range 2-14 years) with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy, a disease characterised by severe muscle weakness and inability to achieve independent ambulation. Twelve of the 14 children were below the 3rd centile for weight. On questioning, all parents thought their child had difficulty chewing, 12 families modified the diet, and 13 children took at least 30 minutes to complete a meal. On examination the mouth architecture was abnormal in 13 children. On videofluoroscopy only the youngest child (2 years old), had a normal study. The others all had an abnormal oral phase (breakdown and manipulation of food and transfer to oropharynx). Nine had an abnormal pharyngeal phase, with a delayed swallow reflex. Three of these also showed pooling of food in the larynx and three showed frank aspiration. These six cases all had a history of recurrent chest infections. Six of eight children who had pH monitoring also had gastro-oesophageal reflux. As a result of the study five children had a gastrostomy, which stopped the chest infections and improved weight gain. This study shows that children with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy have difficulties at all stages of feeding that progress with age. Appropriate intervention can improve weight gain and reduce chest infections. The severity of the problem has not been previously appreciated in this disease, and the study shows the importance of considering the nutritional status in any child with a primary muscle disorder.  (+info)

Preparing for the next round: convalescent care after acute infection. (7/714)

Infections pose a nutritional stress on the growing child. No therapeutic goal is as important as the rapid recovery of preillness weight after acute infections. Successful convalescence, with supernormal growth rates, can be achieved with relatively brief periods of intensive refeeding, offsetting any tendency toward reduced immune defenses or other nutritionally determined susceptibilities to further infection. Since the mother is the only person who can effectively manage convalescent care, she must be given specific tasks with measurable targets in order to reliably oversee the child's rehabilitation. Not generally considered in the realm of preventive medicine, effective home-based convalencent care is the first crucial step in preventing the next round of illness. An approach to the widespread mobilization of mothers to monitor and sustain their children's growth is proposed in this paper. Rather than a passive recipient of health services, the mother becomes the basic health worker, providing diagnostic and therapeutic primary care for her child. Only the mother can break the malnutrition-infection cycle.  (+info)

Peritoneal transport properties and dialysis dose affect growth and nutritional status in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. Mid-European Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Study Group. (8/714)

To evaluate a possible effect of peritoneal transport properties and dialysis dose on the physical development of children on chronic peritoneal dialysis, a cohort of 51 children was prospectively followed for 18 mo. Peritoneal transport characteristics were assessed by serial peritoneal equilibration tests (PET), dialysis efficacy by dialysate and residual renal clearance measurements, and growth and nutritional status by the longitudinal changes (delta) of height SD score (SDS), body mass index (BMI) SDS, and serum albumin. delta height SDS was negatively correlated with the creatinine equilibration rate observed in the initial PET (r = -0.31, P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis confirmed the negative effect of the high transporter state (partial r2 = 0.07), and disclosed an additional positive effect of dialytic C(Cr) (partial r2 = 0.11) and a weak negative effect of daily dialysate volume (partial r2 = 0.04) on delta height SDS. delta BMI SDS was strongly age-dependent (r = -0.48, P < 0.001); while relative body mass gradually increased below 4 yr of age, it remained stable in older children. Positive changes in BMI SDS were associated with rapid PET creatinine equilibration rates (univariate r = 0.35, P < 0.05) and/or large dialysate volumes (multivariate partial r2 = 0.11), suggesting a role of dialytic glucose uptake in the development of obesity. The change in serum albumin concentrations was positively correlated with dialysate volume (partial r2 = 0.14), and negatively affected by dialytic protein losses (partial r2 = 0.06). In conclusion, the peritoneal transporter state is a weak but significant determinant of growth and body mass gain in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. Rapid small solute equilibration contributes to impaired growth but enhanced acquisition of body mass. Dialytic small solute clearance has a weak positive effect on statural growth independent of the transporter state, but does not affect body mass gain.  (+info)

Boeing has partnered with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to address the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY and IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH). After acknowledging that poverty, lack of education and poor access to health services are major contributors to childhood malnutrition, which leads to many more complex economic and social issues, Boeing committed US $212, 700 at CGI Asia 2008. This commitment has enabled WFP to expand the scope of and number of people reached by the existing Mother and Child Health/Nutrition Programmes in Indonesia and the Philippines. The intervention aims to improve the health and nutrition status of children aged 24 - 60 months, by providing mothers and their newborn children with access to nutritious food and health care services in order to reduce malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women and children under five years old. The grants were announced in December 2008 and reached WFP in January 2009.
The Irish Nutrition & Dietetic Institute (INDI) is the professional organisation for clinical nutritionists/dietitians in Ireland. Founded in 1968, the Institute has grown steadily and it now represents clinical nutritionists/dietitians throughout Ireland as well as having members world-wide. Dietitians apply knowledge of food, nutrition and other related disciplines such as biochemistry, physiology and social science to promote health, prevent disease and aid in the management of illness.
from InJoy. This newly updated program gives parents and caregivers the tools they need to make the best nutritional choices for children, starting at birth! It conveys a powerful message-what and how we feed our children matters, and instilling healthy eating habits early in childhood can help prevent obesity later in life. Two DVDs with closed captions.. Featuring these updates:. ...
Over half of child mortality in developing countries can be linked to malnutrition. In Cambodia, almost half of all children under age 5 are malnourished.
Originally posted April 6, 2016, at http://citydadsgroup.com/nyc/2016/04/babynes-breast-milk-tayna-altmann/ by Matt Schneider Editors Note: Wed like to thank BabyNes for partnering with us to arrange this interview to discuss childhood nutrition with Dr. Tanya Altmann, a UCLA-trained pediatrician practicing in southern California. Altmann is also the associate medical ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The study examines the relationships between womens work and child nutritional status (stunting and wasting) of 5331 Nigerian children aged 0-59 months, using data from the 1990 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. In defining womens work, the study considers whether women earned cash from their work and carried their children to work in order to assess the importance of childcare and income, which are the principal pathways through which womens work affects child nutritional status. The study also examines infants and children differently in order to assess the influence of childs age on nutritional status. The results reveal that wasting among infants increased when mothers did not take them to work. Furthermore, mothers work reduced stunting in their children, but the expected positive effect of earning cash from work on childhood nutrition was less visible from the results. Other results from the study revealed that during infancy, having recent episodes of
In a surprise move yesterday before heading out for five weeks of recess, the Senate passed the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act with unanimous consent, which means all 100 senators agreed to pass the bill without an individual vote. The bill allots an additional $4.5 billion dollars over ten years to fund federal child nutrition programs including school lunch.. First Lady Michelle Obama supported the bill as part of her Lets Move campaign to fight childhood obesity, writing in an op-ed in The Washington Post last week,This groundbreaking legislation will bring fundamental change to schools and improve the food options available to our children.. Though providing less than the requested $10 billion suggested by Lets Move, this marks the first major step towards the most significant increase in funding on the child nutrition programs in 30 years. In a statement yesterday, the First Lady said, While childhood obesity cannot be solved overnight, with everyone working together, theres no ...
Childhood Nutrition Tips Many families today lead incredibly busy lives. Amid the hustle and bustle of a chaotic lifestyle, parents may begin to worry about whether or not their children are receiving adequate nutrition. Since adequate nutrition is so important to a child and the childs ability to grow healthy and strong, it is not surprising to find parents seeking out innovative methods of ensuring that children get the right amount of vitamins and nutrients. While giving a child a daily vitamin supplement is certainly a positive measure, there are other things that parents can do to ensure that their child is getting adequate vitamins and nutrients.. Some children are super picky when it comes to eating and this can cause a parent great concern. How does a parent get a child to diversify his or her diet without struggling with the child? The key is to stick to it and to continue to introduce healthy foods into the childs regular diet. Even if a child seems to prefer the same foods time and ...
For years, health professionals have been preaching that breast milk is best for baby. Now, a new study says the benefits of breast-feeding may last well past infancy and even affect your risk of heart disease.. The study found teenagers whod been breast-fed as infants had a lower ratio of bad to good cholesterol and lower levels of C-reactive protein, a possible marker of heart disease, in their blood than teens who had been fed formula as babies.. What weve shown is that breast-feeding is a beneficial risk factor for heart disease and stroke, said study author Dr. Atul Singhal, deputy director of the MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Center at the Institute for Child Health in London.. Singhal said that means breast-feeding is not only good for the short-term, but has a huge impact on long-term health as well.. The new study appears in the May 15 issue of The Lancet.. Numerous studies have shown that breast-feeding is beneficial for both baby and mother. Breast milk contains antibodies ...
Labour has often been criticised for not caring about farmers or rural issues. But Im proud to say that the Labour manifesto shows real leadership in making farming greener, working on reducing food poverty and improving childhood nutrition.. This is in stark comparison to the Tory manifesto, which offers few details, no plan for agricultural funding after Brexit and general uncertainty for farmers.. Farming:. Under a Labour Government agricultural subsidies would not simply go to landowners for owning and farming the land - but instead would be tailored to prioritise a sustainable, long-term future for agriculture, as well as supporting practices which benefit the local community and society as a whole.. In future payments will be used to support smaller traders - exactly the type of small family farms that we have huge numbers of here in Wales where I live, local economies and above all, sustainable practices on farm.. We are therefore likely to see a growth in higher animal welfare farming, ...
Being A Parent Means Trying To Find The Right Kind Of Food For Little One. This Article Explains Benefits Of Ragi For Babies & Helps To Understand Importance Of Childs Diet And Health.
The National School Lunch Program was created in 1946 when President Truman signed the National School Lunch Act into law. The National School Lunch Program is a federal nutrition assistance program. Through the years, the program has expanded to include the School Breakfast Program, Snack Program, Child and Adult Care Feeding Program and the Summer Food Service Program. In 1962, Congress designated the week beginning on the second Sunday in October each year as National School Lunch Week. ...
The Child Nutrition Act (CNA) is a United States federal law (act) signed on October 11, 1966 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The Act was created as a result of the years of cumulative successful experience under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) to help meet the nutritional needs of children. The National School Lunch Program feeds 30.5 million children per day (as of 2007). NSLP was operated in over 101,000 public and nonprofit private schools in 2007. The Special Milk Program, functioning since 1954, was extended to June 30, 1970 and incorporated into the act. The act also provided Federal funding assistance towards non-food purchases for school equipment. The act established the School Breakfast Program, a federally assisted meal program that provides low-cost or free breakfasts to children in public and non-profit schools as well as child care institutions. During the signing of the act, the president remarked that good food is essential to good learning. It is important for food ...
Downloadable! Sixteen percent of children 6-11 years of age were classified as overweight in 1999-2002, four times the percentage in 1965. Although poverty has traditionally been associated with underweight as a result of poor diet, researchers have recently pointed to a paradox in the U.S., which is that low income and obesity can coexist in the same population. This paper first examines whether income is linked to overweight in school-age children. Second, it explores whether food programs such as the Food Stamp Program, the National School Lunch Program, and the School Breakfast Program are associated with overweight among children in different income groups. The data come from the nationally representative 1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement. No evidence either that poor children are more likely to be overweight or that food programs contribute to overweight among poor children was found. © 2005 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management
Get info about Winchendon School nutrition program. As a registered nurse (RN), not only can you earn a good salary, but also will be helping people at the same time. Request more information about accredited nurse training programs.
Child Nutrition - MedHelps Child Nutrition Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Child Nutrition. Find Child Nutrition information, treatments for Child Nutrition and Child Nutrition symptoms.
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Continued support for a multidisciplinary postdoctoral training program in research related to maternal, infant and childhood nutrition for individuals with either an MD or a Ph.D. degree is requested. Centered at the USDA/ARS Childrens Nutrition Research Center (CNRC), but including other research activities at Baylor College of Medicine, the program provides in-depth training in both basic and clinical research relevant to maternal, infant and/or childhood nutrition. A major goal of the program is to enhance interaction between MD and Ph.D. trainees thus making the MD trainees more cognizant of basic science issues and the Ph.D. trainees more cognizant of applied nutrition problems, thereby enhancing the likelihood of continued collaboration between these two groups. MDs enter the training program following clinical training in a variety of disciplines either at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) or elsewhere; Ph.Ds enter directly from their ...
The Child Nutrition Department plays a critical role in establishing a healthy school nutrition environment for the promotion of optimum health. In addition to providing nutritious meals in each school cafeteria, the Child Nutrition Department helps sets goals for nutrition education, physical activity and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Also, see Food Menus.. By establishing nutrition standards for all foods that are available on each school campus during the school day, the department assists the district in promoting student health and reducing childhood obesity.. The department also provides guidelines for student wellness and is instrumental in measuring the implementation of the wellness policy by involving a broad group of individuals in its development and growth.. Child Nutrition employs over 150 professionals that include managers, team members, drivers, warehouse workers, and supervisors. School meals are planned by registered dietitians to reflect ...
Describes the Institute of Child Nutrition: food service research; food service training; foodservice training; child nutrition programs; cacfp.
Maternal, infant and young child nutrition A69/7, A69/7 Add.1, A69/7 Add.2 Action by the Health Assembly (clause 37): The Health Assembly is invited to note the report. Honourable Chair, Distinguished Delegates, FDI World Dental Federation is the voice of over one million dentists worldwide. We would like to remind Member States that WHO has made valuable contributions to the issue of nutrition and oral health. We believe that some of WHOs statements could be usefully included in any further secretariat reports on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. For example, as regards the merits of breastfeeding: Early childhood caries is caused by frequent and prolonged exposure of the teeth to sugar and is often the result of a child going to bed with a bottle of a sweetened drink or drinking at will from a bottle during the day. As dentists, we believe there should be a concerted, integrated effort of parents, schools, health ministries and other stakeholders to decrease the intake of sugar in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Social Determinants of American Indian Nutritional Health. AU - Warne, Donald. AU - Wescott, Siobhan. PY - 2019/2/13. Y1 - 2019/2/13. N2 - The American Indian (AI) population suffers from significant health disparities, including nutrition-related chronic diseases (diabetes, cancer, and heart disease). Several risk factors for disease and social determinants of health have unique histories in the AI population, including historical trauma, boarding schools, adverse childhood experiences, poverty, federal food programs, and food deserts. To effectively address these disparities, a multipronged approach in collaboration with stakeholders is needed to address the upstream social determinants of health and to increase access to healthier foods. Promising practices and strategies can be considered in several focus areas, including 1) improving existing food programs, 2) promoting breastfeeding and early childhood nutrition, 3) promoting food sovereignty and access to traditional ...
Welcome to the RSU #14 School Nutrition website! In RSU 14, we are excited about providing children healthy and affordable school meals. We have lots of exciting things going on, including Guest Chef events, school gardens and serving locally raised food. We strive to serve your children the most wholesome, fresh, nutritious food that we can, nourishing their bodies & minds, so that they are ready to learn each and every day ...
First it was Richard Simmons, getting Congress to exercise. Now Rachael Ray is lending her star power to the House Education and Labor Committee's effort to revamp school nutrition programs. Apparently, she thinks a bill introduced today by Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., the chairman of the committee, is yummo and delish. Ray, who participated up in a press conference on Capitol Hill today to roll out the legislation, asked the audience to imagine what it is like for a child to go hungry. The difference an apple or a good school lunch makes to these kids ... it's more than...
Dr. Alan Greene, a pediatrician at Stanford University warns against this baby food that has been recommended by doctors for the past 50 years.. Dr Greene has started a campaign called White Out by way of which he hopes to bring more attention to the way in which rice cereal could actually be responsible for causing obesity among kids.. His years of studying childhood nutrition has convinced him that white rice cereal can predispose (babies) to childhood obesity, in fact he is of the view that this is the factor that is responsible for the overall high childhood obesity rates.. ...
The PATH Nutrition Embedding Evaluation Programme (NEEP) is a four-year project funded by the UK Department for International Development. NEEP aims to address knowledge gaps on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of maternal and child nutrition interventions and how they can be delivered at scale. To identify and prioritise evaluation activities that address evidence gaps, PATH conducted this analysis of gaps in research and evaluation investments in early 2014.. Corporate author(s): PATH. Publication date: July 2014. ...
Growing evidence points towards the critical and long-term involvement of pre-natal, childhood nutrition and lifestyle on later health and disease risk predisposition. Childhood, including the critical period of puberty, is a continuous and highly complex process involving major biological and physiological modifications that lead an individual from infancy towards adulthood. Whilst it is assumed that metabolic and nutritional requirements of infants and adolescents are similar to those of an adult, scientifically sound evidence suggests there is actually a lack of knowledge on how to address these needs in children and adolescents. To solve this, there remains a significant need to better understand the physiological process at the anthropometric, cellular and molecular levels for any given individual. The complexity of biological functional networks behind the growth and the maturation of our body functions highlights the need for their comprehensive analysis. In this, omics technologies can ...
A polygenic trait is a complex trait controlled by the alleles of two or more genes, without the influence of the environment. A multifactorial trait is a complex trait controlled by both genes and the environment. Intelligence is multifactorial, with strong influences from both genes (such as those controlling nerve-cell growth and connectivity) and the environment (such as early childhood nutrition and education).. As the number of influences grows, so too does the number of possible phenotypes. Because of this, complex traits show not just a few phenotypes, but a continuum (as can be seen in the wide range of possible human heights). The distribution in a population will usually be described by a bell-shaped curve, with most people displaying the mid-range phenotype.. ...
These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2009-2010, Module 2 on Maternal, infant and young child nutrition. Please note that for simplicity, all interventions in a thematic module have been combined under the same programme for GINA, while they may not be implemented as a package and may have different partners. These data are currently being updated and completed through the GINA verification process. If you think you can help update and complete any of these data, please sign up to GINA and edit.. ...
These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2009-2010, Module 2 on Maternal, infant and young child nutrition. Please note that for simplicity, all interventions in a thematic module have been combined under the same programme for GINA, while they may not be implemented as a package and may have different partners. These data are currently being updated and completed through the GINA verification process. If you think you can help update and complete any of these data, please sign up to GINA and edit.. ...
References in Text The Child Nutrition Act of 1966, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1), (b)(4)(A), and (c), is Pub. L. 89-642, Oct. 11, 1966, 80 Stat. 885, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 13A (§ 1771 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1771 of this title and Tables.. Those Acts, referred to in subsec. (c), mean the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, which was in the original this Act and was translated to read this chapter, and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966. See above.. ...
Dedicated to helping Canadian communities to start and sustain school lunch programs. Includes organization background, information about projects, nutrition education resources, and press releases. [English and French] ...
Every five years, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee issues a report used to shape federal nutrition policy - including the $16 billion school lunch program. This years report contains unprecedented advice: instead of eating red meat in moderation, we should eat less.
The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a helpful, detailed checklist for SMTs to plan and manage their school nutrition programme.
Submit nominations by midnight January 23 by using this form.. The White House Champions of Change program highlights the stories and examples of citizens across the country that represent President Obamas vision of out-innovating, out-educating, and out-building the rest of the world through projects and initiatives that move their communities forward. Since the 2009 launch of Lets Move, Michelle Obama has focused on ensuring that the nations children eat healthier and become more physically active. Last April, the White House hosted a Champions of Change event to highlight the work of chefs in improving school nutrition programs. ...
Child Nutrition and Cooking from Stanford University. Eating patterns that begin in childhood affect health and well-being across the lifespan. The culture of eating has changed significantly in recent decades, especially in parts of the world ...
Child Nutrition and Cooking from Stanford University. Eating patterns that begin in childhood affect health and well-being across the lifespan. The culture of eating has changed significantly in recent decades, especially in parts of the world ...
Were all aware that there is an obesity epidemic and its linked to dozens of health problems.1 But nothing weve done so far - public awareness campaigns, changes in school lunch programs, and approving new drugs for weight loss - has halted this epidemic. Although the rate of obesity in kids age 2 to 19 has plateaued around 17%, it continues to climb in young adults and most of us keep packing on the pounds as we get older!2. ...
The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Sunday recalled 64.4 million kilograms of frozen beef from a California slaughterhouse, the subject of an animal-abuse investigation, which provided meat to school lunch programs.
Low prices on Judys Nutrition Program! by Judy Lindberg McFarland, Author, Nutritionist. Its never too late to get started on a sound nutrition program. Lets make today your first day on the path to vibrant health. Here is a program that my mother, the late Gladys Lindberg, and I have found very effective since 1949 when we opened our first Lindberg Nutrition store.
Low prices on Judys Nutrition Program! by Judy Lindberg McFarland, Author, Nutritionist. Its never too late to get started on a sound nutrition program. Lets make today your first day on the path to vibrant health. Here is a program that my mother, the late Gladys Lindberg, and I have found very effective since 1949 when we opened our first Lindberg Nutrition store.
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Create a customized Daily Food Plan for children 2 to 5 years of age. The Plan will show what and how much your child should eat to meet his or her needs. Find tips to help you plan meals for your preschooler. Review Date: Tuesday, December 08, 2015 Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U.S. Department of Agriculture ...
Create a customized Daily Food Plan for children 2 to 5 years of age. The Plan will show what and how much your child should eat to meet his or her needs. Find tips to help you plan meals for your preschooler. Review Date: Tuesday, December 08, 2015 Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U.S. Department of Agriculture ...
Get the facts about High Point University nutrition program. Qualifications for nursing programs vary widely. Learn about the various medical specializations available within technical training programs.
Get the facts about NC State University nutrition program. Seek out accredited nursing programs for the best training. Given a brief hospital internship or prior work experience, you can expect a great return on your medical education.
Introducing mindbodygreens Functional Nutrition Program: Unlock The Power Of Food To Heal Your Body, Prevent Disease & Achieve Optimal Health
Introducing mindbodygreens Functional Nutrition Program: Unlock The Power Of Food To Heal Your Body, Prevent Disease & Achieve Optimal Health
Learn about Mid-Continent University nutrition program. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
Find information about East Stroudsburg University nutrition program. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
Find info concerning Loras College nutrition program. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
Find info concerning Davenport College nutrition program. Nursing is one of the fastest-growing job areas, and for good reason. As the population ages, medical care will continue to expand rapidly.
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay Trump Administration Changes to School Nutrition Rules Sl
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Lunch Money News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Lunch Money From The tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
Factors such as nutritional requirements and physical environments which have so far not been examined will become important. ... The majority of current data comes from missions of short duration and so some of the long-term physiological effects of living ... Another effect is known as cosmic ray visual phenomena. ...[a] NASA survey of 300 male and female astronauts, about 23 percent ... and when Michael Fincke was forced to miss the birth of his second child.[citation needed] The amount and quality of sleep ...
"NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Adults". Retrieved 26 November 2009. Kanjilal, B; et al. (2010). "Nutritional Status of Children ... Additionally, physiological or chronic stress is strongly correlated in women being underweight. The Government of India has ... This phenomenon is most prevalent in the rural areas of India where more malnutrition exists on an absolute level. Whether ... "NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Children". Retrieved 26 November 2009. "Nutrition and Anaemia" (PDF). Retrieved 26 November 2009. ...
As children grow up, they are motivated by those around them to reverse perspective, engaging with other minds on the model of ... The anatomical and physiological basis of human speech production: adaptations and exaptations. In M. Tallerman and K. .Gibson ... Onomatopoeia can explain the first couple of words all derived from natural phenomenon, but there is no explanation as to how ... Indeed, independent lines of evidence (comparative, fossil, archeological, paleo-environmental, isotopic, nutritional, and ...
"USANA opens food-packing facility in Utah to help combat child hunger". 19 December 2019. "USANA Named Official Nutritional ... as the belief he was more vigorous led to his making poorer dietary decisions-a phenomenon referred to as the "licensing effect ... experienced a placebo response where that act of taking the supplements made him feel more vigorous despite no physiological ... Usana has partnered with HealthCorps on health education for children and, in 2019, the Usana Foundation's Kids Eat program ...
A child psychiatrist's assessment can provide information on the psychological impact of abuse or neglect on a child. A child ... Although there are no physiological tests that confirm any mental illness, medical tests may be employed to exclude any co- ... observation for pallor and nutritional deficiencies, palpation for lymph nodes, palpation of the abdomen for organ enlargement ... and sees diagnosis as a socially constructed phenomenon. From a solution focused perspective, the assessment deliberately ...
For example, Early morning cortisol levels have been found to be elevated in shy children and late night levels elevated in ... In more specific studies looking at the link between cortisol levels and psychological phenomena, it has been found that ... Kapil V, Haydar SM, Pearl V, Lundberg JO, Weitzberg E, Ahluwalia A (2013). "Physiological role for nitrate-reducing oral ... and markers of nutritional status. According to Wong, scientists are now viewing saliva as "a valuable biofluid…with the ...
... and Young Child Nutrition Integration in Bondo Sub-County, Kenya". Maternal and Child Health Journal. 21 (10): 1880-1889. doi: ... Supplementing nutritional intake can lead to an earlier return of menses and ovulation than exclusive breastfeeding. Nursing ... Beyond the physiological factors that influence lactational amenorrhea, cross cultural differences can help account for many of ... An additional study that references this phenomenon cross-culturally was completed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and has ...
573 Specific physiological systems in animals, regional histology & physiology in animals. *574 Not assigned or no longer used ... 613.2 Diet (food hygiene, nutrition, diet, nutritional value of food and beverages) ... 649 Child rearing; home care of people with disabilities & illnesses. *650 Management & public relations *650 Management & ... 523 Specific celestial bodies & phenomena. *524 Not assigned or no longer used ...
"Maternal and Child Health Journal. 21 (10): 1880-1889. doi:10.1007/s10995-017-2341-9. PMC 5605598. PMID 28766091.. ... Supplementing nutritional intake can lead to an earlier return of menses and ovulation than exclusive breastfeeding.[12] ... Beyond the physiological factors that influence lactational amenorrhea, cross cultural differences can help account for many of ... An additional study that references this phenomenon cross-culturally was completed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and has ...
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... His PhD thesis was on "adaptive enzymes" (subsequently termed "induced enzyme synthesis"). His account of the phenomenon ... following years the Department won an international reputation not only for the strength of its research in the physiological ... Yudkin, John (16 September 1944). "The Nutritional Status of Children and Mothers of Industrial Towns". The Medical Officer. ...
"True and False Memories in Maltreated Children". Child Development. 75 (5): 1402-17. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00748.x. PMID ... If there is no known physiological cause, more general cognitive techniques may be used to treat confabulation. A case study ... FTT uses a set of five principles to explain false-memory phenomena. Principle 1 suggests that subjects store verbatim ... typically characterized by years of alcohol use disorder characterized by excessive alcohol consumption and a nutritional ...
... nutritional status, breastfeeding status, sex of last child, economic status, and polygyny on the waiting time to conception. ... This phenomenon is known as the premature ovarian failure (POF) and it is used as the model for the study of the genetics of ... Lactation is one of the costliest forms of parental investment because it is taxing at a metabolic and physiological level, but ... child survival is negatively associated with the number of children in the family due to the child competition for parental ...
Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children & Youth". BMC Public Health. 10: 736. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-736. ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ...
Children not diagnosed with hyperactivity show no change in retention rates due to use of stimulants such as methylphenidate or ... The phenomenon continued to be studied more than thirty years later. In 2004, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast and Ameneh Rezayof ... For these grasshoppers, their low nutritional state sparked cognitive connections to similar states of duress and primed the ... Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 57(1), 3-12. Varieties of memory and consciousness : essays in honour of ...
The paucity of nutritional investigation in children with cancer needs to be rectified. ... This phenomenon can occur in the lymphocytes during the development of the immune response and in the muscular cells during ... Abnormally high ROS concentrations cause oxidative stress associated with tissue damage and dysregulation of physiological ... Children's Oncology Group (COG) Nutrition Committee was established to further the knowledge of nutrition in children with ...
... the equivalent opposite change at the end of the child-bearing years Pubarche Spermarche Thelarche "Periods". Raising Children ... Then, and to an extent now, menstruation was a private matter and a girl's menarche was not a community phenomenon. The Ulithi ... especially nutritional factors. The mean age of menarche has declined over the last century, but the magnitude of the decline ... Menarche is the culmination of a series of physiological and anatomic processes of puberty: Attainment of a sufficient body ...
Children[edit]. Ibuprofen helps decrease pain in children with migraines. Paracetamol does not appear to be effective in ... Physiological aspects[edit]. Common triggers quoted are stress, hunger, and fatigue (these equally contribute to tension ... An aura is a transient focal neurological phenomenon that occurs before or during the headache.[2] Auras appear gradually over ... Preventive treatments of migraines include medications, nutritional supplements, lifestyle alterations, and surgery. Prevention ...
George Selden's 1960 children's book The Cricket in Times Square tells the story of Chester the cricket from Connecticut who ... Yong, Ed (9 May 2014). "The Silence of the Crickets, The Silence of the Crickets". Phenomena: A Science Salon. National ... probably providing a nutritional boost. Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism; some individuals have fully functional, long ... Physiological Entomology. 8 (2): 151-166. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.1983.tb00344.x. S2CID 85962428. Cade W. H. (1975). " ...
Children with non-IgE-mediated cows milk intolerance have a good prognosis, whereas children with IgE-mediated cows milk ... Nutritional treatment]". Rev Enferm (in Spanish). 31 (9): 51-8. ISSN 0210-5020. PMID 19007035. Høst A, Halken S, Jacobsen HP, ... This is a normal phenomenon, common to everyone. The resultant production of gas potentially results in bloating and flatulence ... A non-allergic food hypersensitivity is an abnormal physiological response. It can be difficult to determine the poorly ...
... as well as a control group of children (not exposed to cocaine in utero). Overall, those children who were exposed to cocaine ... Upon hearing the tune, these newborns showed physiological changes, such as a decrease in heart rate. This observed change did ... Further research in this area is needed.[citation needed] Similarly to nutritional intake, drugs consumed by the mother during ... Thompson, Richard F.; Spencer, William A. (1966). "Habituation: A model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of ...
Yet, nutritional quality of middle class diets closely mirrors those of the upper classes. More importantly, the nutritional ... "Food choices made by low-income households when feeding their pre-school children: a qualitative study". Maternal & Child ... One clear illustration of this phenomenon is the introduction of spices in European diet. In medieval Western Europe, the ... Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: Preliminary data in ...
The Future of Children. 19 (2): 95-118. doi:10.1353/foc.0.0031. JSTOR 27795049. PMID 19719024. Archived from the original (PDF) ... International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (March 2015). "Nutritional medicine as mainstream in psychiatry". ... By the end of the 17th century and into the Enlightenment, madness was increasingly seen as an organic physical phenomenon with ... However, available evidence may range from nonverbal behaviors-including physiological responses and homologous facial displays ...
... but some natural phenomena allow similar analysis to be performed. In particular, radiometric dating uses a closely related ... they may serve as a basis for estimations of the human physiological and dietary requirements of the mineral. When tracer is ... Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 6 (6): 292-301. doi:10.1016/0955-2863(95)00043-Y. DRI : dietary reference intakes for ... pregnant and lactating women and children. Other advantages offered by stable isotopes include the ability to study elements ...
... of foods and beverages containing nutrients and substances with a nutritional or physiological effect". Although there isn't a ... This phenomenon is dubbed "pester power", which means that little children pester their parents to buy things for them that ... MRS Kids and Youth Research Conference. "Advertising and Children". apa.org. Retrieved 19 February 2020. Suggett, Paul. "How ... Advertising to children refers to the act of advertising products or services to children as defined by national laws and ...
A similar phenomenon occurs in the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Urchin mothers in nutrient rich environments ... A comparison was done with children conceived prior to the famine so that their mothers were nutrient deprived during the later ... This displayed that birth weight may not be an adequate way to determine nutritional status during gestation. This study ... During an inflammatory response, a series of physiological reactions, such as increased blood flow, increased cellular ...
More recently, interest has arisen in cryptic female choice, a phenomenon of internally fertilised animals such as mammals and ... has some uncertainty about whether or not he is the true parent of a child, and so is less interested in spending his energy ... "Nutritional state - a survival kit for brooding pipefish fathers". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 121 (2): 312-318 ... selection can occur with an emphasis on resources that one sex possesses rather than morphological and physiological ...
By the end of the 17th century and into the Enlightenment, madness was increasingly seen as an organic physical phenomenon with ... March 2015). "Nutritional medicine as mainstream in psychiatry". The Lancet. Psychiatry (Review). 2 (3): 271-4. doi:10.1016/ ... The first systematic description of global disability arising in youth, in 2011, found that among 10- to 24-year-olds nearly ... However, available evidence may range from nonverbal behaviors-including physiological responses and homologous facial displays ...
... infant and children of different nutritional and socio-economic groups". Indian Pediatr. 7 (6): 347-58. PMID 5471836. ... With an increase in gestational time, the fetal organs also grow in progression to the body weight, the phenomenon which is ... under physiological and pathological conditions: immunocytochemical, electron microscopic and in vitro observations". In Vivo. ... Public health aspect of low birth weight, third report of the expert committee on maternal and child health (WHO)" (PDF). World ...
Providing lambs for youth programs such as 4-H and competition at agricultural shows is often a dependable avenue for the sale ... Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. 2nd ed. Cornell Univ. Press. 476 pp. Wright, A.-D. G.; et al. (2004). "Molecular diversity ... N.Z. Farmer, 98(6): 29-31 Parrott, R.F., (1990). Physiological responses to isolation in sheep. Social Stress in Domestic ... Details of that phenomenon, which I have argued elsewhere was a local process at least for sheep and cattle (Meadow 1984b, 1992 ...
"Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 30 (4): 263-69. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2007.03.004. PMID 17509435.. ... and children.[141] There is a case of a three-month-old dying following manipulation of the neck area.[136] Estimates vary ... including nutritional supplements, acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal remedies, and biofeedback.[21] ... "Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 38 (8): 533-44. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2015.08.001. PMID 26362263.. ...
The morphology, molecular identity, and physiological characteristics of neurons and how they relate to different types of ... Although many studies still hold a reductionist stance looking for the neurobiological basis of cognitive phenomena, recent ... Neurophysiology is the study of the functioning of the nervous system, generally using physiological techniques that include ... Cellular neuroscience is the study of neurons at a cellular level including morphology and physiological properties. ...
However, studies show that overall activity levels are no higher in calorie restriction than ad libitum animals in youth.[56] ... See also: Insulin § Physiological effects. Lowering of the concentration of insulin and substances related to insulin, such as ... Caloric restriction lowers the core body temperature, a phenomenon believed to be an adaptive response to reduce energy ... Nutritional advice. *5 A Day. *Dairy Council of California. *Food pyramid. *Fruits & Veggies - More Matters ...
The developmental psychologist Erik Erikson used the term epigenetic principle in his book Identity: Youth and Crisis (1968), ... Such effects on cellular and physiological phenotypic traits may result from external or environmental factors, or be part of ... Historically, some phenomena not necessarily heritable have also been described as epigenetic. For example, the term epigenetic ... "Progressive, transgenerational changes in offspring phenotype and epigenotype following nutritional transition". PLoS ONE. 6 ( ...
This phenomenon, where molecule Y affects the binding of molecule X to a transport molecule Z, is called a heterotropic ... Oxyhemoglobin is formed during physiological respiration when oxygen binds to the heme component of the protein hemoglobin in ... Children: 11 to 16 g/dL (110 to 160 g/L, or 6.83 to 9.93 mmol/L) ... nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problems, chemotherapy, ...
The Future of Children. 19 (2): 95-118. doi:10.1353/foc.0.0031. JSTOR 27795049. PMID 19719024. Archived from the original (PDF) ... International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (March 2015). "Nutritional medicine as mainstream in psychiatry". ... The application of the concept of mental illness to the phenomena described by these authors has in turn been critiqued by ... However, available evidence may range from nonverbal behaviors-including physiological responses and homologous facial displays ...
... in children. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Committee on the Diagnostic Criteria for Myalgic ... "The Journal of Physiological Sciences. 65 (6): 483-498. doi:10.1007/s12576-015-0399-y. PMC 4621713 . PMID 26420687.. ... proper nutrition and nutritional supplements that may support better health, complementary therapies that might help increase ... concluded that these were psychosocial phenomena caused by either mass hysteria on the part of the patients or altered medical ...
Anemia is common in children with SLE[20] and develops in about 50% of cases.[21] Low platelet and white blood cell counts may ... fingers turning white or blue when cold (Raynaud's phenomenon). Criteria for individual diagnosis. Some people, especially ... studies show that social support is a modulating factor which buffers against SLE-related damage and maintains physiological ... Prognosis is typically worse for men and children than for women; however, if symptoms are present after age 60, the disease ...
Stunting and chronic nutritional deficienciesEdit. See also: Malnutrition. Children with symptoms of low calorie and protein ... In order to achieve food security, the food ingested must be safe and must be enough to meet the physiological requirements of ... "Food and nutrition insecurity is a political and economic phenomenon fuelled by inequitable global and national processes".[140 ... "Journal of Applied Research on Children. 3.. *^ a b Abbate, Lauren (July 24, 2017). "How hungry Maine kids eat when they can't ...
A similar phenomenon is observed for the Jumonji C family of KDMs which require a hydroxylation to perform demethylation at the ... Under physiological conditions, 2-hydroxyglutarate is a minor product of several metabolic pathways as an error but readily ... 2014). Inclusive Growth And Youth Empowerment: Adevelopment Model For Aspirational India. Journal of Science, Technology and ... Primary nutritional groups. Energy. metabolism. Aerobic respiration. *Glycolysis → Pyruvate decarboxylation → Citric acid cycle ...
The hours that children spend asleep influence their ability to perform on cognitive tasks.[62][63] Children who sleep through ... "Journal of Physiological Anthropology. 31 (5): 5. doi:10.1186/1880-6805-31-5. PMC 3375033. PMID 22738268.. ... Dietary and nutritional choices may affect sleep duration and quality. One 2016 review indicated that a high carbohydrate diet ... children of a certain age, children of specific gender, peers of a certain gender, friends, peers of equal social rank, or with ...
Phenomena such as photophobia, which describes the event in which light is perceived as an intense glare, and photopsia, the ... Future treatments may involve retinal transplants,[45] artificial retinal implants,[46] gene therapy, stem cells, nutritional ... Studies indicate that children carrying the disease genotype benefit from presymptomatic counseling in order to prepare for the ... and can detect physiological abnormalities before the initial manifestation of symptoms. An electrode lens is applied to the ...
All cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different ... The term is usually used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive (intracardiac) catheter recording of spontaneous ... or poor nutritional status or obesity in the mother.[86][89] Having a parent with a congenital heart defect is also a risk ... and numerous physiological features (e.g., systole, heart sounds, afterload) that have been encyclopedically documented for ...
Curry, James R. (2008). Children of God: Children of Earth. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1-4389-1846-4. . OCLC ... Another important physiological change related to sexuality in humans was the evolution of hidden estrus. Humans are the only ... suggest that control of fire and releasing increased nutritional value through cooking was the key adaptation that separated ... "Encephalization is not a universal macroevolutionary phenomenon in mammals but is associated with sociality". Proceedings of ...
Once the cuckoo hatches, the reed warbler parent feeds the invading bird like its own child. Even with the risk for ... The patterns can be explained by physiological constraints or ecological conditions, such as mating opportunities. In ... Leks and choruses have also been deemed another behavior among the phenomena of male competition for females. Due to the ...
... "designed to have physiological benefits and/or reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions, and may ... A "low fat" child's meal from Burger King, with "apple fries" replacing fried potato chips, and a serving of macaroni and ... Another universal phenomenon regarding food is the appeal of contrast in taste and presentation. For example, such opposite ... Food is any substance[1] consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant or animal origin, ...
The developmental psychologist Erik Erikson wrote of an epigenetic principle in his 1968 book Identity: Youth and Crisis, ... Such effects on cellular and physiological phenotypic traits may result from external or environmental factors, or be part of ... This phenomenon of altered Macrophage Polarization is mostly associated with all the diabetic complications in a clinical set- ... "Transposable elements: targets for early nutritional effects on epigenetic gene regulation". Mol. Cell. Biol. 23 (15): 5293- ...
ChildrenEdit. Most of these public health concerns have focused on children who are infected with hookworm. This focus on ... An identical phenomenon is much more commonly seen with Ancylostoma caninum infections in dogs, where the newborn pups can even ... abounded in an era when active public health departments in other parts of the country were eradicating nutritional and ... mainly because they have much higher physiological needs for iron (menstruation, repeated pregnancy). ...
Youth onset myopia occurs in early childhood or teenage, and the ocular power can keep varying until the age of 21, before ... This phenomenon can cause a condition in which an individual has a greater difficulty seeing in low-illumination areas, even ... Richards, OW (1976). "Instrument myopia--microscopy". American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics. 53 (10): 658-63. ... Anti-muscarinic topical medications in children under 18 years of age may slow the worsening of myopia.[77][78] These ...
... they may serve as a basis for estimations of the human physiological and dietary requirements of the mineral.[23][24] ... but some natural phenomena allow similar analysis to be performed. In particular, radiometric dating uses a closely related ... pregnant and lactating women and children. Other advantages offered by stable isotopes include the ability to study elements ... Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 6 (6): 292-301. doi:10.1016/0955-2863(95)00043-Y.. ...
He formed the Youth League, which ended up leading most party activities.[158] These activities took the form of nationalist ... As far as ethnomusicologists are concerned, this is likely a universal phenomenon."[89] This viewpoint asserts that the ... the physiological response to the acoustic stimuli, (3) the perception of sounds as selected by the human mind that is ... "Personhood Consciousness: A Child-Ability-Centered Approach to Sociomusical Healing and Autism Spectrum 'Disorders'." The ...
In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of each of these grains is remarkably ... Basic physiological investigation of these gas exchange processes has yielded valuable carbon isotope based methods that are ... Moreover, the data not only facilitate in deciphering the complex phenomena such as heterosis and epigenetics, it may also ... wheat is a healthy food source of multiple nutrients and dietary fiber recommended for children and adults, in several daily ...
Liddle DG, Connor DJ (June 2013). "Nutritional supplements and ergogenic AIDS". Prim. Care. 40 (2): 487-505. doi:10.1016/j.pop. ... has been approved by the FDA for treating ADHD and obesity in both adults and children;[23][24] however, the FDA also indicates ... Raynaud's phenomenon, seizures, thyroid problems, tics, or Tourette syndrome to monitor their symptoms while taking ... "is probably caused by a combination of drug-induced psychological and physiological changes resulting in xerostomia (dry mouth ...
Dvir Y, Denietolis B, Frazier JA (October 2013). "Childhood trauma and psychosis". Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of ... If the psychotic symptoms are the direct physiological result of a general medical condition or a substance, then the diagnosis ... sometimes termed passivity phenomena, are also common.[22] There is often an observable pattern of emotional difficulty, for ... Maternal nutritional deficiencies, such as those observed during a famine, as well as maternal obesity have also been ...
UNICEF (2010). Facts for life (PDF) (4th ed.). New York: United Nations Children's Fund. ISBN 978-92-806-4466-1. .. ... In 1877, Felix Hoppe-Seyler used the term (biochemie in German) as a synonym for physiological chemistry in the foreword to the ... Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology which is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena.[5] ... Nutrition studies how to maintain health and wellness and also the effects of nutritional deficiencies.[9] In agriculture, ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Remove constraint Subject: Nutritional Physiological Phenomena ... Division of Maternal and Child Health Remove constraint Publisher: United States. Public Health Service. Division of Maternal ... Division of Maternal and Child Health and United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General. ...
Browsing by Subject "Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. ... Infant and young child feeding : guiding principles for reporting by Member States  Regional Committee for the Western Pacific ...
Data from the 2007 Australian Childrens Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of ... The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending ... Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. In conclusion, misreporting of EI is present ... in a subset of children. Linear regression was used to determine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and ...
Child * Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena* * Child, Preschool * Cross-Sectional Studies * Developed Countries ... Keywords: health policy; infant and child nutrition; infant iron status; infant milk formula; preschool children; socioeconomic ... Matern Child Nutr. 2018 Jan;14(1):e12460. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12460. Epub 2017 May 3. ... Very low prevalence of iron deficiency among young French children: A national cross-sectional hospital-based survey ...
Metabolic syndrome prevalence in children and adolescents is on the increase. Therefore, the emphasis in all studies and ... Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena * Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control* * Diabetic Angiopathies / ... Summary: Metabolic syndrome prevalence in children and adolescents is on the increase. Therefore, the emphasis in all studies ... Recently, the International Diabetes Federation has proposed a new set of criteria to define metabolic syndrome in children and ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as ... Families Created by Egg Donation: Parent-Child Relationship Quality in Infancy.. Increasing numbers of children are being born ... Cortisol secretion moderates the association between mother-infant attachment at 17 months and child behavior at age 5 years. ... An RCT comparing mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment (MIP) with Child Health Centre care in cases of mother-infant ...
... of children in the United States. Public health surveillance for ASD among children aged 4 years ... ... Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years. ... We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children ... ... A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child ...
Delineating the role that diet plays in blood pressure levels in children is important for guiding dietary recommendations for ... Child. Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Cholesterol, LDL / blood. Data Interpretation, Statistical. Diastole. Diet* ... Delineating the role that diet plays in blood pressure levels in children is important for guiding dietary recommendations for ... The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between dietary nutrients and blood pressure in children. Data were ...
Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional stat ... the last decade a greater appreciation has developed for determining factors that influence bone accretion in healthy children ... Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant Food. Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Infant, Newborn. Milk, ... Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Nutritional Status. Pregnancy / physiology. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S ...
Complementary Therapies; Fibromyalgia; Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Pain; Preventive Medicine; Public Health; Vaccines ... Yale Child Study Center 230 South Frontage Rd. New Haven CT 06519 203.785.2540 ... Intensive In-Home Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Network Support * Research Team and Collaborators ... Child Psychiatry; Tourette Syndrome; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; Trichotillomania; Meta-Analysis; Neuroimaging; Psychiatry ...
The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. In ... To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject ... For example, a search in the 2016 PubMed system to find specific citations about the nutritional value of spinach can now be ... because many of the citations indexed with them were not about food or nutritional topics. As a result, searching "Food and ...
Child Nutrition Disorders. en. dc.subject.mesh. Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. en. ... Improving the lives of children and young people : case studies from Europe. Volume 3. School  ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena [‎3]‎. Maternal-Child Nursing [‎1]‎. Mauritania [‎2]‎. Measles [‎17]‎. ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena1. * more Subject » Genre *Official reports2. *Proceedings2 ... Division of Maternal and Child Health Remove constraint Publisher: United States. Public Health Service. Division of Maternal ... 2. Report of the Surgeon Generals Workshop on Children with Handicaps and Their Families: Case Example: The Ventilator- ... Division of Maternal and Child Health and United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General. ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena1. *Public Health[remove]1. Genre *Official reports1 ... Division of Maternal and Child Health Subject Public Health Remove constraint Subject: Public Health Subject Health Promotion ... Division of Maternal and Child Health and United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General. ... Division of Maternal and Child Health Remove constraint Publisher: United States. Public Health Service. ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology*; Toxicology/trends* ... Kids Environment , Kids Health A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to ... MeSH Terms: Animals; Aquaculture/methods*; Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced*; Child Development/drug effects*; Diet ...
Systematic Review of Infant and Young Child Complementary Feeding Practices in South Asian Families the Pakistan Perspective - ... Nutritional Physiological Phenomena OR Food OR. 1. grains, roots and tubers; Feeding behaviour OR Feed OR Nutrition OR Wean. 2 ... weaning period on nutritional status of children. J Coll 40. Rahman A, Haq Z, Sikander S et al. (2012) Using cognitive-. ... children are overweight(3-7). Good feeding practices in early cient nutritional intake, reducing obesogenic dietary beha- ...
Child Welfare 30 * Neoplasms 29 * Infant, Newborn 26 * Gynecology 26 * Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena 23 ... Congenital Abnormalities, Disabled Children, Developmental Disabilities, Developing Countries, Pediatrics, Child Health 51th ...
Child. *Child, Preschool. *Female. *Humans. *Linear Models. *Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Nutritional Status ... Data are adjusted for childs gestational age at birth, as well as maternal height, education, parity, and age at childs birth ... Data are adjusted for childs gestational age at birth, as well as maternal height, education, parity, and age at childs birth ... Mentions: According to the IOTF BMI cutoffs, 77 (11.2%) of children were defined as overweight and 19 (2.8%) were obese at 4 y ...
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. en. dc.subject.mesh. Male. en. dc.subject.mesh. Micronutrients. en. ... Children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) are treated with lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) or corn-soy blend (CSB ... Children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) are treated with lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) or corn-soy blend (CSB ... Effectiveness of Food Supplements in Increasing Fat-Free Tissue Accretion in Children with Moderate Acute Malnutrition: A ...
Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Dietary Supplement: Sodium bicarbonate. *Dietary Supplement: Maltodextrin. ... 5 Years and older (Child, Adult, Older Adult). NCT03399331. NUR.LB.08. July 10, 2017. July 1, 2018. July 1, 2021. January 16, ... 2 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult). NCT03354507. 1137. January 2018. December 2018. December 2018. November 28, 2017. November ... Honey or Olive Oil for Treating Oral Mucositis in Children and Adults With Leukemia Receiving Intensive Chemotherapy. *Oral ...
Complementary food supplements increase dietary nutrient adequacy and do not replace home food consumption in children 6-18 ... Complementary food supplements increase dietary nutrient adequacy and do not replace home food consumption in children 6-18 ...
... economic and social phenomena and that its cure is a similarly diverse array of medical/nutritional, educational and resource- ... Treatment is tailored to the needs of each child, ranging from emergency care for severely debilitated children to periodic ... and ultimate prevention of severe malnutrition is based on the twin premises that its cause is a complex web of physiological, ... It now attends to more than 1,000 children each month, and its various programs reach more than 4,000 people, and those numbers ...
It can be inferred that what occurred, in this case, was hemodilution, a physiological phenomenon in gestation which occurs the ... According to the latest National Survey of Demographics and Health of Women and Children (PNDS)1212. Ministério da Saúde (BR); ... It is a complex phenomenon, influenced not only by maternal physiological and metabolic changes but also by placental ... Gestational weight gain, nutritional status and blood pressure in pregnant women. Chiara Alzineth Silva Campos Departamento de ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child Nutritional Physiological ... Children, Infants, Nutrition disorders in children, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Nutrition Assessment, ... Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Handbooks and manuals. Holt, ... Aging, Skin, Skin Care, Skin Physiological Phenomena, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Dietary Supplements, Skin Diseases, ...
... and physiological adaptability to nutritional stress. From the perspective of young-child nutrition, positive deviants are ... where a majority of children suffer from growth retardation and malnutrition. A number of observers of this phenomenon, like ... It seeks to link psychosocial and behavioural characteristics to child growth, and analyses the most proximate caretaker-child ... of certain children vis-à-vis the performance of other children in the community and the family. It has been seen as a form of ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child Nutritional Physiological ... Diabetes in children, Diabetes in children., Obesity in children, Obesity in children., Diabetes Mellitus, Pediatrics., Obesity ... Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena., Public Health., Public Policy., MEDICAL / Endocrinology & Metabolism, MEDICAL / ... Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Dietetics, ravitsemus, Public health, kurssikirja, sähkökirjat, osteoporoosi, ...
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. en. dc.subject.mesh. Poverty. en. dc.subject.mesh. Infant Nutrition. en. ... Child Feeding. en. dc.title. Fifty-third World Health Assembly, agenda item 12.4 infant and young child nutrition: follow-up. ... Infant and young child feeding : guiding principles for reporting by Member States  Regional Committee for the Western Pacific ... Fifty-third World Health Assembly, agenda item 12.4 infant and young child nutrition: follow-up. 股票 ...
  • An epigenetic phenomenon that is well-documented in humans and may be the first that springs to mind is genomic imprinting, whereby during germ cell development, regulatory regions of certain genes are differentially methylated and expressed depending on whether the gene is inherited from the mother or father ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • That grandparental nutrition status has been associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk ( 17 ) hints at the potential capability of nutritional exposure to have epigenetic effects in humans, since only DNA is transmitted in this case. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) are treated with lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) or corn-soy blend (CSB). (msf.org)
  • Ana Teles founded the Institute for the Prevention of Malnutrition and Disability in 1986 to revolutionize the way in which the medical community views and treats the problem of malnutrition and thus to improve the life prospects of the many children victimized by hunger arising from the systemic poverty in which they live. (ashoka.org)
  • Since instances of malnutrition are rarely an isolated phenomenon, every positive diagnosis of severe childhood malnutrition is followed with examinations of all family members. (ashoka.org)
  • According to the Pan-American Health Organization, more than 800,000 children suffer from serious malnutrition in the state of Ceará, and, for every 1,000 children born, approximately 120 die from dietary insufficiency. (ashoka.org)
  • In most cases, they simply weigh children, offer short-term treatment and observation and then send them back to the same conditions that brought on the malnutrition in the first place. (ashoka.org)
  • Ana's approach to the treatment and ultimate prevention of severe malnutrition is based on the twin premises that its cause is a complex web of physiological, economic and social phenomena and that its cure is a similarly diverse array of medical/nutritional, educational and resource-mobilizing measures. (ashoka.org)
  • The Institute also provides educational services and social assistance to families of malnourished children, and to the larger community when the incidence of severe malnutrition is high. (ashoka.org)
  • From the perspective of young-child nutrition, positive deviants are children who grow and develop adequately in low-income families living in impoverished environments, where a majority of children suffer from growth retardation and malnutrition. (nzdl.org)
  • However, both maternal and fetal malnutrition , as well as deficiencies of certain nutrients and the presence of overweight or obesity in the child , would influence the development of asthma in childhood. (bvsalud.org)
  • More than 30 million children worldwide have moderate acute malnutrition. (cdc.gov)
  • Children with moderate acute malnutrition have perturbed development of their gut microbiota. (cdc.gov)
  • In this study, we provided a microbiota-directed complementary food prototype (MDCF-2) or a ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) to 123 slum-dwelling Bangladeshi children with moderate acute malnutrition between the ages of 12 months and 18 months. (cdc.gov)
  • Three hundred and ten mothers with their children aged 6 -36 months were interviewed using structured interviewer - administered questionnaire and the children's nutritional status was assessed using WHO classification of malnutrition. (who.int)
  • The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest-ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has conclusively shown that malnutrition during pregnancy causes the child to have an increased risk of future diseases, physical retardation, and reduced cognitive abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is reported by Save the Children that this is mainly due to malnutrition in the children. (wikipedia.org)
  • When it comes to child malnutrition, children in low-income families are more malnourished than those in high-income families. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevalence of obesity is on the increase, and consequently metabolic syndrome is also becoming a serious health problem in children and adolescents all over the world. (nih.gov)
  • The objective was to examine the relation between the number of early-life risk factors and obesity outcomes among children in a prospective birth cohort (Southampton Women's Survey). (nih.gov)
  • Obesity in children, Obesity in children. (helsinki.fi)
  • Evidence now indicates that the postnatal period is a critical time when nutrition may predispose the child to lifelong metabolic disturbance and obesity. (lenus.ie)
  • Mexican-American children are at particularly high risk of obesity. (nih.gov)
  • The prevalence of obesity among Australian pre-school children is a major concern with links to poor health outcomes. (edu.au)
  • Because obesity tends to track over time, the increase in overweight among young children is of significant concern. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Recently, 100% fruit juice and sweetened fruit drinks have received considerable attention as potential sources of high-energy beverages that could be related to the prevalence of obesity among young children. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • While epidemic obesity is mainly attributable to westernized lifestyle with excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates and fats and reduced physical activity, onset of obesity in children has been, in part, attributed to the fetus' exposure to disadvantageous conditions (i.e., hormonal and nutritional cues) during the intrauterine life which can exert a profound impact on the organism's later development, structure, and function. (frontiersin.org)
  • Physical activity, fitness, nutrition and obesity during growth : secular changes of growth, body composition and functional capacity in children and adolescents in different environment / edited by Jana Parizkova, Obesity Management Centre, Institute of Endocrinology, Prague, Czech Republic. (opal-libraries.org)
  • In addition to contributing to morbidity and mortality in childhood, it has been clearly established that early life nutritional exposures have lasting consequences and influence health trajectories and adult health outcomes like obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic diseases [ 3 , 4 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Prevalence of obesity among preschool children remains low, while among schoolchildren it has increased considerably. (scielo.br)
  • the opposite occurs in less developed societies, where in households undergoing nutritional transition, underweight can coexist with obesity. (scielo.br)
  • The most important determinant factors involved in the increasing obesity prevalence are fetal and infant nutritional conditions (stunting), education and socioeconomic conditions, dietary changes (especially increased total energy intake), and physical inactivity. (scielo.br)
  • It is important to point out that of all the risk factors associated with mortality from NCCD, obesity is the one that has undergone the largest increase and is now the main nutritional disease in most Latin American countries (Uauy et al. (scielo.br)
  • Information on obesity trends in Latin America is normally limited to preschool children and childbearing-age women. (scielo.br)
  • 1998, 2000) reviewed national surveys conducted from 1982 onward to assess maternal and child obesity in Latin America. (scielo.br)
  • The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending on the option used. (mdpi.com)
  • Our objective was to estimate ID prevalence and associated sociodemographic markers in young children in France. (nih.gov)
  • Metabolic syndrome prevalence in children and adolescents is on the increase. (nih.gov)
  • Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 4 Years - Early Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, Seven Sites, United States, 2010, 2012, and 2014. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Public health surveillance for ASD among children aged 4 years provides information about trends in prevalence, characteristics of children with ASD, and progress made toward decreasing the age of identification of ASD so that evidence-based interventions can begin as early as possible. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012. (bioportfolio.com)
  • On April 1, 2016, MMWR Surveillance Summaries published "Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years-Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in US children has increased during the past decades. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The objective of the autism registry is to estimate the prevalence of autism in French Guiana in the cohort of children aged 8 years. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world and is nearly double that of Sub Saharan Africa with dire consequences for mobility, mortality, productivity, and economic growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cortisol secretion moderates the association between mother-infant attachment at 17 months and child behavior at age 5 years. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The pur- pose of the model is to understand the phenomenon and perhaps to make predictions about future behavior. (forexkagireviews.com)
  • The findings will provide insight into the barriers and facilitators related to behavior that may hinder or enable implementation of interventions aimed at improving infant and young child feeding practices in lower-income settings. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Associations with maternal nutritional factors and their interactions with gene variants have not been reported.Northern California families were enrolled from 2003 to 2009 in the CHARGE (CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment) population-based case-control study. (nih.gov)
  • During the last decade a greater appreciation has developed for determining factors that influence bone accretion in healthy children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional status during pregnancy, type of infant feeding, calcium and phosphorus content of infant formula, introduction of weaning foods, and diet during the toddler and preschool years. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Of the children, 148 (15%) had no early-life risk factors, 330 (33%) had 1, 296 (30%) had 2, 160 (16%) had 3, and 57 (6%) had 4 or 5. (nih.gov)
  • After taking account of confounders, the relative risk of being overweight or obese for children who had 4 or 5 risk factors was 3.99 (95% CI: 1.83, 8.67) at 4 y and 4.65 (95% CI: 2.29, 9.43) at 6 y compared with children who had none (both P (nih.gov)
  • Associations between perinatal factors and adiponectin and leptin in 9-year-old Mexican-American children. (nih.gov)
  • To (i) determine whether perinatal factors (including maternal anthropometry and nutrition and early life growth measures) are associated with adiponectin and leptin levels in 9-year-old children, and (ii) assess relationships between adiponectin, leptin and concurrent lipid profile in these children. (nih.gov)
  • Data on perinatal factors, including sociodemographics, maternal anthropometry and nutrition, and early life child growth were collected during pregnancy, birth and 6-month visits. (nih.gov)
  • Overall, our results support the hypothesis that early life factors may contribute to altered adipokine levels in children. (nih.gov)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease-drug therapy both ulcerative colitis or crohn s disease may cause occasional toxicity, in the person's mother to child via the placenta, commonly during delivery of dietary factors such as pelvic floor muscles, and activating macrophages. (dsaj.org)
  • Many factors, including region, religion and caste affect the nutritional status of Indians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inadequate pre-gestational or gestational nutritional status and inadequate weight gain during pregnancy are associated with poor reproductive outcomes for both the pregnant woman and the baby 2 2. (scielosp.org)
  • The available evidence indicates that both the available energy and some micronutrients , particularly with antioxidant activity, during pregnancy , are key for an adequate lung development and therefore an adequate pulmonary function in preterm infants , infants and older children , particularly if they attend bronchopulmonary dysplasia . (bvsalud.org)
  • We found no associations between child adipokine levels and either maternal calorie, protein, total fat, saturated fat, fibre, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption during pregnancy or children's concurrent sugar-sweetened beverage and fast food intake. (nih.gov)
  • This paper summarizes our main conclusions with regards to maternal preconceptional body mass index, gestational weight gain, placental and fetal requirements in relation to adverse pregnancy and long-term outcomes of the fetus (nutritional programming). (dzl.de)
  • An improved knowledge would help to optimize nutritional recommendations for pregnancy. (dzl.de)
  • With regard to nutritional assistance, correction of nutritional deficit as well as micronutrients are essential in the treatment of diseases such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia , bronchiolitis obliterans and asthma . (bvsalud.org)
  • Our aim was to evaluate the beverage intake among preschool children who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 and investigate associations between types and amounts of beverages consumed and weight status in preschool-aged children. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Those with missing data were removed from additional analysis, resulting in a final sample of 1160 preschool children. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Preschool children consumed a mean total beverage volume of 26.93 oz/day, which included 12.32 oz of milk, 4.70 oz of 100% fruit juice, 4.98 oz of fruit drinks, and 3.25 oz of soda. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Division of Maternal and Child Health and United States. (nih.gov)
  • The long-term effects of these early nutritional influences on later bone health are unknown. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to health, science, and the environment we live in today. (nih.gov)
  • Campaigns to change health and nutrition behaviour are needed to meet the Complementary feeding substantial unmet needs of these children. (scribd.com)
  • The WHO defines CF as: 'The process starting when breast adopted in Pakistan, emphasize as a global public health milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional recommendation that infants should be exclusively breast- requirements of infants, and therefore other foods and liquids fed for the first 6 months of life. (scribd.com)
  • and UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom (CML). (nih.gov)
  • The term 'positive deviance' has been used to describe the performance (regarding health, growth, and development) of certain children vis-à-vis the performance of other children in the community and the family. (nzdl.org)
  • These children are at risk for medical problems in childhood and adulthood and often have poor oral health. (lenus.ie)
  • Pediatric dentists can play an important role in supporting healthy feeding practices and improving long-term health in these children. (lenus.ie)
  • We measured plasma adiponectin and leptin for 146 mothers-9-year-old child pairs from the ongoing longitudinal birth cohort followed by the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas. (nih.gov)
  • In Niger, the 1992 Population and Health Survey found that 32% of children under the age of five years had stunted growth and 16% had muscle wasting. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Adequate nutritional intake is required to maintain health and prevent disease. (britannica.com)
  • The ultimate goal of nutritional science is to promote optimal health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer as well as to prevent classic nutritional deficiency diseases such as kwashiorkor and pellagra . (britannica.com)
  • For a full-length treatment of health problems created by failure in nutrition, see nutritional disease . (britannica.com)
  • Among Maithil women there is an understanding of the relation between a mother's milk and the health of her child. (isharonline.org)
  • Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years. (ox.ac.uk)
  • To assess the effectiveness of supplementary feeding interventions, alone or with co-intervention, for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged children aged three months to five years.Secondary objectives1. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The item Infant and young child feeding : model chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in University of Manitoba Libraries . (umanitoba.ca)
  • Blueprint for change [electronic resource] : research on child and adolescent mental health / report of the National Advisory Mental Health Council's Workgroup on Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intervention Development and Deployment. (opal-libraries.org)
  • Child & adolescent mental health : interdisciplinary systems of care / edited by Margaret B. Arbuckle & Charlotte A. Herrick. (opal-libraries.org)
  • In February 2009, the Child Health Foundation invited leading experts of this field to a workshop to critically review and discuss current knowledge, with the aim to highlight priorities for future research. (dzl.de)
  • Given the urgent need to improve nutrition of young children in low- and low-middle-income countries, both for reduction of morbidity and mortality in childhood and for future health outcomes, we propose to systematically review and synthesize available qualitative data specifically related to infant and young child feeding practices of parents and families in these settings, which may provide greater insights into barriers and facilitators to recommended feeding practices. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on child and maternal health. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/62054888 Title: Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on child and maternal health. (worldcat.org)
  • It can also guarantee suffi- children are overweight(3-7). (scribd.com)
  • Breakfasts Higher in Protein Increase Postprandial Energy Expenditure, Increase Fat Oxidation, and Reduce Hunger in Overweight Children from 8 to 1. (nih.gov)
  • Currently 1 in every 3 children aged 2-19 y is overweight or obese. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether consumption of a protein-based breakfast (PRO) increases postprandial energy metabolism and substrate oxidation, reduces hunger, and reduces food intake at lunch compared with a carbohydrate-based breakfast (CHO) in normal weight (NW) vs. overweight/obese (OW) children. (nih.gov)
  • A number of eating patterns have been associated with overweight among preschool-aged children. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Overweight children tended to be older (mean age: 3.83 years) compared with the normal-weight children (mean age: 3.48 years). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Nutrient intake and blood pressure in the Dietary Intervention Study in Children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • There is evidence of calcium intake-by-gene and calcium intake-by-physical activity interactions among toddlers and young children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Good feeding practices in early cient nutritional intake, reducing obesogenic dietary beha- childhood should be a key area of focus to prevent mal- viours while ensuring healthy gain of weight in children(8). (scribd.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess food consumption, energy and nutrient intake in weaned, preschool age children and to assess their risks of deficiency. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Delineating the role that diet plays in blood pressure levels in children is important for guiding dietary recommendations for the prevention of hypertension. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. (nih.gov)
  • Two overall diet scores were used: a nutritional quality score (NQS) and a diversity score (DS). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Diet quality also predicted the anthropometric status of the child one year later. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Tarini A, Bakari S, Delisle H. [The overall nutritional quality of the diet is reflected in the growth of Nigerian children]. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Most malnourished children had their predicament originating from the period of transition from breastfeeding to family diet.Objectives: To determine the complementary feeding practices and nutritional status of young children in Gwiwa community.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Gwiwa community, Wammakko LGA, Sokoto State between January and June, 2018. (who.int)
  • Additionally, we report that child adipokine levels were closely related to their mothers' levels at the 9-year visit. (nih.gov)
  • Mothers participating in the NOURISH trial reported their feeding practices when children were aged 2, 3.7, and 5 years (N = 404). (edu.au)
  • Invariance was established, indicating that the subscales of the shortened FPSQ-28 can be used with mothers to validly assess change in 7 feeding constructs in samples of children aged 2-5 years of age. (edu.au)
  • A variety of cellular processes, both physiological and pathophysiological, require or are governed by calcium, including exocytosis, mitochondrial function, cell death, cell metabolism and cell migration to name but a few. (jove.com)
  • It is a complex phenomenon, influenced not only by maternal physiological and metabolic changes but also by placental metabolism 1 1. (scielosp.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4106735 Title: The energy requirement of normal three- and four-year-old children under standard basal metabolism conditions and during periods of quiet play, Author: Elda Robb Publisher: New York City, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1934. (worldcat.org)
  • The effects of intrauterine environment on offspring adiposity and metabolism appear to be mediated by clear physiological mechanisms and do not seem likely to require an epigenetic mechanism. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of misreporting based on EI, physical activity level (PAL), age, gender, height and weight status. (mdpi.com)
  • Does anthropometric status at 6 months predict the over-dispersion of malaria infections in children aged 6-18 months? (bvsalud.org)
  • Energy, protein and zinc intakes were highly and significantly correlated with the anthropometric status of the child one year later, particularly with height-for-weight Z scores, and with dietary NQS (Table 5). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Eighty-two (26.5%), 56(18.1%) and 76 (24.5%) children were underweight, wasted and stunted respectively.Conclusion: The complementary feeding practices were suboptimal in this community and might explain the poor nutritional status of their under- fives. (who.int)
  • Living in rural areas also contribute to nutritional status. (wikipedia.org)
  • As expected, the children included in the study had monotonous diets, with few animal products, fats, fruits and vegetables other than green leaves (Figure 1). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Pakistan is one of the worst performers in child mortality in are needed, along with breast milk'(11). (scribd.com)
  • Eighty-three percent of children drank milk, 48% drank 100% fruit juice, 44% drank fruit drink, and 39% drank soda. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Whole milk was consumed by 46.5% of the children, and 3.1% and 5.5% of the children consumed skim milk and 1% milk, respectively. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-adolescent children's responses to common child-oriented front-of-pack food promotions. (cancercouncil.com.au)
  • Diagnostic dilemmas in child and adolescent psychiatry : philosophical perspectives / edited by Christian Perring, Lloyd Wells. (opal-libraries.org)
  • Nevertheless, several biological and physiological mechanisms related to nutritive requirements together with their transfer and utilization across the placenta are still poorly understood. (dzl.de)
  • Yet, in many low-income settings, these practices are not the norm, and despite international initiatives to improve infant feeding, an in-depth understanding of the complex biological and psychosocial underpinnings of infant and young child feeding remains out of reach. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Increasing numbers of children are being born through egg donation and thus do not share a genetic relationship with their mother. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Most of the evidence has so far been mostly collected with regard to psychopathological "endophenotypes" (i.e., the set of behavioral/physiological symptoms which result into more stable phenotypes of complex traits characterized by low level genetic variability). (frontiersin.org)
  • Intrauterine, early neonatal, and postdischarge growth and neurodevelopmental outcome at 5.4 years in extremely preterm infants after intensive neonatal nutritional support. (lenus.ie)
  • To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject Headings. (nih.gov)
  • Since 1990 there have been some improvements for children but the proportion of hungry in the population has increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data were analyzed from 662 participants in the Dietary Intervention Study in Children who had elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and were aged 8 to 11 years at baseline. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 05). Results from this sample of children with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol indicate that dietary calcium, fiber, and fat may be important determinants of blood pressure level in children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Their adr profile but they are based solely on clinical chronic gi bleeding, nutritional deficiencies) in an elderly 13. (dsaj.org)
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cluster-RCTs, controlled clinical trials (CCTs), controlled before-and-after studies (CBAs), and interrupted time series (ITS) that provided supplementary food (with or without co-intervention) to children aged three months to five years, from all countries. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Children aged 24-60 months were evaluated and confirmed to have autism (n = 288), autism spectrum disorder (n = 141), or typical development (n = 278) at the University of California-Davis Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Institute using standardized clinical assessments. (nih.gov)
  • Because of the small number of children in the underweight category, they were included in the normal-weight category for this analysis. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Among these, half of the children under three years old are underweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • In India 44% of children under the age of 5 are underweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major purpose in studying positive deviance is to learn from adaptive child-care and feeding behaviours, as well as from the social networks that support them, in order to design policies and develop programmes that reinforce and transfer these adaptive mechanisms to the malnourished. (nzdl.org)
  • This review attempts to summarize the recent literature on metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Recently, the International Diabetes Federation has proposed a new set of criteria to define metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents aged 6-16 years. (nih.gov)
  • Sixty children from rural areas (30 girls and 30 boys) aged 2 to 4 years of age at the start of the study (mean age 36.8 + 7.0 months) from the Ouallam district (western Niger) were studied in surveys 1 and 2, and thirty of these children were then studied in the third survey. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • It is thus important for decision-makers to have evidence about the effectiveness of nutrition interventions for young children. (ox.ac.uk)
  • These physiological changes promote the formation and development of amniotic fluid and placenta, increased blood volume, adipose tissue and fetus, and uterine and mammary growth 1 1. (scielosp.org)
  • This review aims to establish how nutrition determines the development, evolution and prognosis of these pathologies and the need to consider nutritional assistance in the comprehensive care of these patients . (bvsalud.org)
  • Thereafter, additional working groups investigated the development of FBDGs for specific priority groups including HIV/AIDS sufferers, the elderly, pregnant and lactating women and children under 5 years. (elsevier.com)
  • Bourne, LT, Marais, D & Love, P 2007, ' The process followed in the development of the paediatric food-based dietary guidelines for South Africa ', Maternal and Child Nutrition , vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 239-250. (elsevier.com)
  • Child development monographs , monograph no. 16. (worldcat.org)
  • Impact of nutrient supplementation on maternal nutrition and child growth and development in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements. (bvsalud.org)
  • Normal development of voice in children : advances in evidence-based standards / Mette Pedersen. (opal-libraries.org)
  • Using equilibrium dialysis, the proportion of bound testosterone in plasma of 20 preadolescent children was found to be significantly higher than that in adult subjects. (naver.com)
  • The rhythmical muscular contractions that occur during ejaculation are associated with intense pleasure and many systemic physiological changes, lptions entire event being termed an basocs. (forexkagireviews.com)
  • primary research on CF practices in SA children aged 0-2 years and/or their families. (scribd.com)
  • In the area of parent-child feeding practices, longitudinal measurement properties of the questionnaires used are rarely verified. (edu.au)
  • Complementary feeding practices and nutritional st. (who.int)
  • Infant and young child feeding practices, including breastfeeding and complementary feeding of children under 2 years old, are crucially influenced by parent and family perceptions and experiences. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The proposed study will systematically review existing qualitative research reporting infant and young child feeding practices from low- and low-middle-income settings. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Multiple dietary inadequacies are frequent among children from developing countries so scores of overall dietary quality may be more appropriate indicators than the intakes of specific nutrients. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In addition a second tree location for "Food and Beverages" and its child descriptors were added there. (nih.gov)
  • Specific plant and chemical headings were removed from underneath "Food and Beverages" because many of the citations indexed with them were not about food or nutritional topics. (nih.gov)
  • All foods and beverages consumed by the child at each meal were recorded over three days. (unboundmedicine.com)