Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, in the FETUS in utero.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Bangladesh" is a country located in South Asia, not a medical term or concept. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition. It shares borders with India, Myanmar (Burma), and Bay of Bengal. The population is primarily Bengali, and the official language is Bangla (Bengali). The capital city is Dhaka. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, feel free to ask!
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
Female parents, human or animal.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nepal" is not a medical term that has a definition in the field of medicine. It is actually the name of a country located in South Asia, known officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!
The status of health in rural populations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
The at-home administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered via a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Specialized solutions for PARENTERAL NUTRITION. They may contain a variety of MICRONUTRIENTS; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; CARBOHYDRATES; LIPIDS; and SALTS.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.

Long-term morbidity and mortality following hypoxaemic lower respiratory tract infection in Gambian children. (1/373)

Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are the main cause of death in young children worldwide. We report here the results of a study to determine the long-term survival of children admitted to hospital with severe pneumonia. The study was conducted on 190 Gambian children admitted to hospital in 1992-94 for ALRI who survived to discharge. Of these, 83 children were hypoxaemic and were treated with oxygen, and 107 were not. On follow-up in 1996-97, 62% were traced. Of the children with hypoxaemia, 8 had died, compared with 4 of those without. The mortality rates were 4.8 and, 2.2 deaths per 100 child-years of follow-up for hypoxaemic and non-hypoxaemic children, respectively (P = 0.2). Mortality was higher for children who had been malnourished (Z-score < -2) when seen in hospital (rate ratio = 3.2; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03-10.29; P = 0.045). Children with younger siblings experienced less frequent subsequent respiratory infections (rate ratio for further hospitalization with respiratory illness = 0.15; 95% CI = 0.04-0.50; P = 0.002). Children in Gambia who survive hospital admission with hypoxaemic pneumonia have a good prognosis. Survival depends more on nutritional status than on having been hypoxaemic. Investment in oxygen therapy appears justified, and efforts should be made to improve nutrition in malnourished children with pneumonia.  (+info)

Severity and timing of stunting in the first two years of life affect performance on cognitive tests in late childhood. (2/373)

Undernutrition in infancy and early childhood is thought to adversely affect cognitive development, although evidence of lasting effects is not well established. With the use of data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Study, we assesshere the relationship between stunting in the first 2 y of life and later cognitive development, focusing on the significance of severity, timing and persistence of early stunting. The sample included > 2000 Filipino children administered a cognitive ability test at ages 8 and 11 y. Stunting status was determined on the basis of anthropometric data collected prospectively between birth and age 2 y. Children stunted between birth and age 2 y had significantly lower test scores than nonstunted children, especially when stunting was severe. The shortfall in test scores among children stunted in the first 2 y was strongly related to reduced schooling, which was the result of a substantial delay in initial enrollment as well as higher absenteeism and repetition of school years among stunted children. Interactions between stunting and schooling were not significant, indicating that stunted and nonstunted children benefitted similarly from additional schooling. After multivariate adjustment, severe stunting at age 2 y remained significantly associated with later deficits in cognitive ability. The timing of stunting was also related to test performance, largely because children stunted very early also tended to be severely stunted (chi(2) P = 0.000). Deficits in children's scores were smaller at age 11 y than at age 8 y, suggesting that adverse effects may decline over time. Results emphasize the need to prevent early stunting and to provide adequate schooling to disadvantaged children.  (+info)

Relationship between health services, socioeconomic variables and inadequate weight gain among Brazilian children. (3/373)

This ecological analysis assessed the relative contribution of behavioural, health services and socioeconomic variables to inadequate weight gain in infants (0-11 months) and children (12-23 months) in 140 municipalities in the State of Ceara, north-east Brazil. To assess the total effect of selected variables, we fitted three unique sets of multivariate linear regression models to the prevalence of inadequate weight gain in infants and in children. The final predictive models included variables from the three sets. Findings showed that participation in growth monitoring and urbanization were inversely and significantly associated with the prevalence of inadequate weight gain in infants, accounting for 38.3% of the variation. Female illiteracy rate, participation in growth monitoring and degree of urbanization were all positively associated with prevalence of inadequate weight gain in children. Together, these factors explained 25.6% of the variation. Our results suggest that efforts to reduce the average municipality-specific female illiteracy rate, in combination with participation in growth monitoring, may be effective in reducing municipality-level prevalence of inadequate weight gain in infants and children in Ceara.  (+info)

Nutritional and health status of Tibetan children living at high altitudes. (4/373)

BACKGROUND: Children living at high altitudes often have delayed growth, but whether growth retardation is related to altitude or to other factors is not known. METHODS: A multicultural health care team assessed 2078 Tibetan children 0 to 84 months of age for anthropometric and clinical signs of malnutrition. The children lived in 11 counties, which contained more than 50 diverse urban and nonurban (nomadic, agricultural, or periurban) communities in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The height and weight of the children were compared with those of U.S. children. Height and weight were expressed as z scores (the number of standard deviations from the median of the age- and sex-specific reference group). RESULTS: The mean z score for height fell from -0.5 to -1.6 in the first 12 months of life and generally ranged from -2.0 to -2.4 in older children. Overall, of 2078 children, 1067 (51 percent) had moderately or severely stunted growth, as defined by a z score of -2.0 or lower. Of the 1556 children 24 months of age or older, 871 (56 percent) had stunted growth, which was severe (z score, -3.0 or lower) in 380 (24 percent). Among the children in this age group, 787 of the 1313 nonurban children (60 percent) had stunting, as compared with 84 of the 243 urban children (35 percent). Stunting was associated with clinical conditions such as rickets, abdominal distention, hair depigmentation, and skin lesions and with a maternal history of hepatitis or goiter. Stunting was not associated with altitude, after adjustment for the type of community. CONCLUSIONS: In Tibetan children, severe stunting due to malnutrition occurs early in life, and morbidity is high.  (+info)

Retinol binding protein as a surrogate measure for serum retinol: studies in vitamin A-deficient children from the Republic of the Marshall Islands. (5/373)

BACKGROUND: Serum retinol is transported by retinol binding protein (RBP), which has one high-affinity binding site for retinol; consequently, the molar ratio of retinol to RBP in the circulation is approximately 1 to 1. In vitamin A deficiency (VAD), both serum retinol and RBP decline. However, the retinol-RBP relation has not been well studied in populations with a high incidence of severe VAD. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether RBP is a good surrogate for serum retinol at the very low retinol concentrations encountered in VAD. DESIGN: The stoichiometric relation between retinol and RBP was studied in 239 Marshallese children: 65 with severe VAD (< or = 0.35 micromol retinol/L), 94 with moderate VAD (0.36-0.70 micromol retinol/L), and 80 with vitamin A sufficiency (> 0.70 micromol retinol/L). RESULTS: Excellent correlation between retinol and RBP (r = 0.94) was observed across all retinol concentrations. Severe VAD was predicted with 96% sensitivity and 91% specificity on the basis of an RBP cutoff of < or = 0.48 micromol/L, whereas moderate VAD was predicted with 87% sensitivity and 98% specificity on the basis of an RBP cutoff of < or = 0.70 micromol/L. CONCLUSIONS: The use of RBP results in the classification of essentially the same children with VAD as does retinol, and RBP is an excellent surrogate for serum retinol. Considering the relative ease of measuring RBP with immunodiagnostic kits compared with that of serum retinol by HPLC, the use of RBP concentrations to assess VAD may be particularly advantageous in field settings. Consequently, measuring RBP concentrations may be a practical alternative to measuring serum retinol in population surveys assessing the prevalence of VAD.  (+info)

Introduction. Symposium: Obesity in developing countries: biological and ecological factors. (6/373)

Over the past decade there has been an increasing concern about the impact of chronic, noncommunicable diseases on the health of developing world populations. Traditionally, major causes of illness and death in developing countries have been linked to infectious diseases and undernutrition, and these are still major public health problems in several regions of the world. But recent projections indicate that in 20 y noncommunicable diseases will account for over 60% of the disease burden and mortality in the developing world. Obesity is recognized as an underlying risk factor for many of these chronic conditions. As in developed societies, the risk for obesity in developing countries is also strongly influenced by diet and lifestyle, which are changing dramatically as a result of the economic and nutrition transition. This symposium discusses key aspects of the phenomenon of obesity in the developing world and provides some specific examples from countries facing increasing prevalence of that condition.  (+info)

Early nutrition and later adiposity. (7/373)

The objective was to review whether nutrition during pregnancy and the first 3 y of life predisposes individuals to be fatter as adults. The roles of undernutrition, overnutrition and breastfeeding were considered. The evidence that poor nutrition in early life is a risk factor for increased fatness later in life is inconclusive. Overnutrition, as proxied by high birthweight or gestational diabetes, on the other hand, is associated with subsequent fatness. Two large, well-conducted studies in developed countries suggest that breastfeeding has a protective effect. Nutrition in early life has a demonstrable but small impact on adult obesity.  (+info)

Severe malnutrition among young children--Georgia, January 1997-June 1999. (8/373)

In October 1999, the Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDHR) was notified of two cases of severe malnutrition in toddlers. Both cases were associated with the use of commercial alternative milk. In response, GDHR and CDC reviewed Georgia hospital records to assess the frequency and cause of hospitalized cases of rickets and protein energy malnutrition (PEM). The findings of this review indicated that, although no new cases were associated with milk alternatives, three children had PEM and six had vitamin D deficiency rickets. The children with rickets had been breast fed for approximately 6 months while receiving no vitamin D supplementation. Rickets is preventable through the adequate intake of vitamin D. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is examining vitamin D supplementation among breast-fed infants.  (+info)

Child nutrition disorders refer to a range of conditions that are caused by an improper or imbalanced diet during childhood. These disorders can have long-term effects on a child's growth, development, and overall health. Some common examples of child nutrition disorders include:

1. Malnutrition: This occurs when a child does not get enough nutrients for proper growth and development. It can result from inadequate food intake, digestive problems, or certain medical conditions that affect nutrient absorption.
2. Obesity: This is a condition characterized by excessive body fat accumulation to the point where it negatively affects a child's health. Obesity can lead to a range of health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and orthopedic issues.
3. Vitamin deficiencies: Children who do not get enough vitamins in their diet may develop deficiencies that can lead to a range of health problems. For example, a lack of vitamin D can lead to rickets, while a lack of vitamin C can cause scurvy.
4. Food allergies and intolerances: Some children have allergic reactions or intolerances to certain foods, which can cause a range of symptoms, including digestive problems, skin rashes, and respiratory difficulties.
5. Eating disorders: Children may develop eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder, which can have serious consequences for their physical and mental health.

Preventing child nutrition disorders involves providing children with a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from all the major food groups, encouraging regular exercise, and promoting healthy eating habits. Regular medical check-ups can also help identify any nutritional deficiencies or other health problems early on, allowing for prompt treatment.

Fetal nutrition disorders refer to conditions that occur when a fetus fails to receive adequate nutrients for proper growth and development during pregnancy. This can result from various factors, such as maternal malnutrition, placental insufficiency, or genetic abnormalities. Some examples of fetal nutrition disorders include intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), small for gestational age (SGA), and birth defects related to nutrient deficiencies. These conditions can lead to a range of complications, including premature birth, low birth weight, developmental delays, and long-term health problems. It is essential to monitor fetal growth and nutrition during pregnancy to identify and manage these disorders early on.

Infant nutrition disorders refer to a group of conditions that occur when an infant's diet does not provide adequate nutrients for growth, development, and health. These disorders can result from various factors such as inadequate feeding practices, poor nutrient quality or composition of the diet, food intolerances or allergies, and medical conditions affecting nutrient absorption or metabolism.

Examples of infant nutrition disorders include:

1. Failure to thrive (FTT): A condition characterized by an infant's failure to gain weight or height at the expected rate due to inadequate nutrition.
2. Malnutrition: A condition resulting from a deficiency, excess, or imbalance of nutrients in an infant's diet.
3. Obesity: A condition characterized by excessive body fat accumulation in an infant due to poor dietary habits and lack of physical activity.
4. Food intolerances or allergies: Adverse reactions to specific foods or food components that can cause digestive, skin, or respiratory symptoms in infants.
5. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies: A condition resulting from an insufficient intake or absorption of essential vitamins and minerals required for normal growth and development.
6. Metabolic disorders: Inborn errors of metabolism that affect the body's ability to process specific nutrients, leading to a buildup of toxic substances in the body.

Infant nutrition disorders can have serious consequences on an infant's health and development, and it is essential to identify and address them promptly through appropriate medical interventions and feeding practices.

Child Nutrition Sciences is a field of study focused on the nutritional needs and dietary habits of children from infancy through adolescence. This interdisciplinary field incorporates aspects of nutrition, pediatrics, psychology, sociology, and public health to promote optimal growth, development, and overall health in children.

The scope of Child Nutrition Sciences includes:

1. Understanding the unique nutritional requirements during various stages of childhood, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, early childhood, school-age, and adolescence.
2. Examining how cultural, socioeconomic, and environmental factors influence children's dietary patterns and food choices.
3. Investigating the role of nutrition in preventing chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, which often originate in childhood.
4. Developing and implementing evidence-based interventions to improve children's diets, promote healthy eating behaviors, and reduce health disparities.
5. Assessing the effectiveness of nutrition education programs for children, families, and communities.
6. Collaborating with policymakers, educators, healthcare providers, and community organizations to create supportive environments that encourage healthy eating and physical activity.
7. Conducting research on the safety, efficacy, and quality of food products, supplements, and fortified foods marketed for children.
8. Advocating for policies and regulations that protect children from marketing tactics that promote unhealthy food choices and contribute to poor diet-related health outcomes.

Overall, Child Nutrition Sciences aims to improve the nutritional status of children, enhance their overall well-being, and reduce the burden of diet-related diseases throughout the lifespan.

"Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" is a broad term that refers to various physical and biological processes related to nutrition in children. While I couldn't find a precise medical definition for this specific phrase, I can provide you with some key physiological phenomena associated with child nutrition. These include:

1. Growth and Development: Proper nutrition is crucial for normal growth and development in children. Adequate intake of essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals supports physical growth, brain development, and overall well-being.
2. Digestion and Absorption: The gastrointestinal tract undergoes significant changes during childhood, affecting the ability to digest and absorb various nutrients. For example, lactase production decreases in some children after weaning, leading to lactose intolerance.
3. Energy Metabolism: Children have higher energy requirements per unit of body weight compared to adults due to their rapid growth and development. Proper nutrition ensures efficient energy metabolism and prevents issues like obesity or undernutrition.
4. Immune Function: Nutrition plays a vital role in supporting the immune system. Adequate intake of nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin D, iron, zinc, and protein helps maintain immune function and resistance to infections.
5. Micronutrient Deficiencies: Inadequate nutrition can lead to micronutrient deficiencies, which may impair children's growth, cognitive development, and overall health. Examples include iron deficiency anemia, vitamin A deficiency, and iodine deficiency disorders.
6. Overnutrition and Obesity: Excessive energy intake, coupled with reduced physical activity, can lead to overweight and obesity in children. This increases the risk of developing non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer later in life.
7. Food Allergies and Intolerances: Children are more prone to food allergies and intolerances than adults. These can manifest as various symptoms, such as skin rashes, digestive issues, or respiratory problems, and may require dietary modifications.
8. Eating Behaviors and Preferences: Childhood is a critical period for shaping eating behaviors and food preferences. Exposure to a variety of healthy foods during this stage can help establish lifelong healthy eating habits.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" is not a standard or widely recognized medical term. It seems to be a very specific phrase that may relate to various physiological processes and phenomena related to infant nutrition.

To try and provide some clarity, I can offer a brief explanation of the individual terms:

1. Infant: A young child, typically under one year of age.
2. Nutritional: Relating to food or nourishment, particularly in relation to energy and the balance of essential nutrients required for growth, repair, and maintenance of bodily functions.
3. Physiological: Describing processes and functions that occur within a living organism as part of normal bodily function, including biochemical reactions, organ function, and responses to environmental stimuli.
4. Phenomena: Observable events or occurrences.

So, "Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" could refer to observable events or processes related to an infant's nutrition and physiology. However, without further context, it is difficult to provide a more precise definition. Examples of such phenomena might include the development of feeding skills, growth patterns, or changes in metabolism related to dietary intake.

Nutrition disorders refer to conditions that result from eating, drinking, or absorbing nutrients in a way that is not consistent with human physiological needs. These disorders can manifest as both undernutrition and overnutrition. Undernutrition includes disorders such as protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, and mineral deficiencies, while overnutrition includes conditions such as obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer.

Malnutrition is the broad term used to describe a state in which a person's nutrient intake is insufficient or excessive, leading to negative consequences for their health. Malnutrition can be caused by a variety of factors, including poverty, food insecurity, lack of education, cultural practices, and chronic diseases.

In addition to under- and overnutrition, disordered eating patterns such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorders can also be considered nutrition disorders. These conditions are characterized by abnormal eating habits that can lead to serious health consequences, including malnutrition, organ damage, and mental health problems.

Overall, nutrition disorders are complex conditions that can have significant impacts on a person's physical and mental health. They require careful assessment, diagnosis, and treatment by healthcare professionals with expertise in nutrition and dietetics.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Government Programs" is a very broad term and can encompass many different fields, including healthcare, social services, education, and more. If you're looking for a medical definition related to government programs, you might be referring to initiatives like Medicare, Medicaid, or the Affordable Care Act in the United States, which are government-run health insurance programs or policies.

1. Medicare: A federal health insurance program in the United States, primarily for people 65 and older, but also for some younger people with disabilities and those with end-stage renal disease. Medicare provides coverage for hospitalization, doctor visits, and other healthcare services.

2. Medicaid: A joint federal-state health insurance program in the United States that provides coverage to low-income individuals, including children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Medicaid covers a range of medical services, including hospital stays, doctor visits, and long-term care.

3. The Affordable Care Act (ACA): Also known as "Obamacare," the ACA is a United States healthcare reform law that aims to increase the quality and affordability of health insurance, lower the uninsured rate, and regulate the health insurance industry. The ACA includes provisions such as mandated insurance coverage, subsidies for low-income individuals, and protections for those with pre-existing conditions.

Please provide more context if you were looking for information on a different government program related to the medical field.

"Food Services" in a medical context typically refers to the provision and delivery of food and nutrition services to patients in hospitals, clinics, or other healthcare facilities. This can include:

1. Nutrition assessment and care planning by registered dietitians.
2. Food preparation and meal service that meet the dietary needs and restrictions of patients.
3. Special diets for patients with specific medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, food allergies).
4. Enteral and parenteral nutrition support for patients who cannot eat or digest food normally.
5. Education for patients and their families about diet and nutrition.
6. Implementation of food safety and sanitation practices to prevent infection and ensure the quality of food.

The goal of food services in healthcare facilities is to promote optimal nutritional status, support recovery, and enhance patient satisfaction and well-being.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "urbanization" is a term that is more commonly used in the context of sociology and urban planning. It refers to the process through which rural areas become urbanized, or turned into cities, as a result of growth in population and infrastructure development.

However, if you are asking about the health implications of urbanization, then there is a field of study called "urban health" that focuses on how the urban environment impacts the physical and mental health of its inhabitants. Factors such as air pollution, noise pollution, lack of green spaces, inadequate housing, and limited access to healthy food options can all contribute to negative health outcomes in urban areas.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Bangladesh" is a country located in South Asia, rather than a medical term or condition. It is bordered by India to the west, north, and east, and by Myanmar (Burma) to the southeast, with the Bay of Bengal to the south. The official name of the country is the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them for you!

Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a medical term used to describe the delivery of nutrients directly into a patient's bloodstream through a vein, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. It is a specialized medical treatment that is typically used when a patient cannot receive adequate nutrition through enteral feeding, which involves the ingestion and digestion of food through the mouth or a feeding tube.

PN can be used to provide essential nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes to patients who have conditions that prevent them from absorbing nutrients through their gut, such as severe gastrointestinal tract disorders, malabsorption syndromes, or short bowel syndrome.

PN is administered through a catheter that is inserted into a vein, typically in the chest or arm. The nutrient solution is prepared under sterile conditions and delivered through an infusion pump to ensure accurate and controlled delivery of the solution.

While PN can be a life-saving intervention for some patients, it also carries risks such as infection, inflammation, and organ damage. Therefore, it should only be prescribed and administered by healthcare professionals with specialized training in this area.

Nutritional status is a concept that refers to the condition of an individual in relation to their nutrient intake, absorption, metabolism, and excretion. It encompasses various aspects such as body weight, muscle mass, fat distribution, presence of any deficiencies or excesses of specific nutrients, and overall health status.

A comprehensive assessment of nutritional status typically includes a review of dietary intake, anthropometric measurements (such as height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure), laboratory tests (such as serum albumin, total protein, cholesterol levels, vitamin and mineral levels), and clinical evaluation for signs of malnutrition or overnutrition.

Malnutrition can result from inadequate intake or absorption of nutrients, increased nutrient requirements due to illness or injury, or excessive loss of nutrients due to medical conditions. On the other hand, overnutrition can lead to obesity and related health problems such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer.

Therefore, maintaining a good nutritional status is essential for overall health and well-being, and it is an important consideration in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various medical conditions.

Maternal nutritional physiological phenomena refer to the various changes and processes that occur in a woman's body during pregnancy, lactation, and postpartum periods to meet the increased nutritional demands and support the growth and development of the fetus or infant. These phenomena involve complex interactions between maternal nutrition, hormonal regulation, metabolism, and physiological functions to ensure optimal pregnancy outcomes and offspring health.

Examples of maternal nutritional physiological phenomena include:

1. Adaptations in maternal nutrient metabolism: During pregnancy, the mother's body undergoes various adaptations to increase the availability of essential nutrients for fetal growth and development. For instance, there are increased absorption and utilization of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids, as well as enhanced storage of glycogen and lipids in maternal tissues.
2. Placental transfer of nutrients: The placenta plays a crucial role in facilitating the exchange of nutrients between the mother and fetus. It selectively transports essential nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals from the maternal circulation to the fetal compartment while removing waste products.
3. Maternal weight gain: Pregnant women typically experience an increase in body weight due to the growth of the fetus, placenta, amniotic fluid, and maternal tissues such as the uterus and breasts. Adequate gestational weight gain is essential for ensuring optimal pregnancy outcomes and reducing the risk of adverse perinatal complications.
4. Changes in maternal hormonal regulation: Pregnancy is associated with significant changes in hormonal profiles, including increased levels of estrogen, progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and other hormones that regulate various physiological functions such as glucose metabolism, appetite regulation, and maternal-fetal immune tolerance.
5. Lactation: Following childbirth, the mother's body undergoes further adaptations to support lactation and breastfeeding. This involves the production and secretion of milk, which contains essential nutrients and bioactive components that promote infant growth, development, and immunity.
6. Nutrient requirements: Pregnancy and lactation increase women's nutritional demands for various micronutrients such as iron, calcium, folate, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids. Meeting these increased nutritional needs is crucial for ensuring optimal pregnancy outcomes and supporting maternal health during the postpartum period.

Understanding these physiological adaptations and their implications for maternal and fetal health is essential for developing evidence-based interventions to promote positive pregnancy outcomes, reduce the risk of adverse perinatal complications, and support women's health throughout the reproductive lifespan.

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) is a medical term used to describe a specialized nutritional support system that is delivered through a vein (intravenously). It provides all the necessary nutrients that a patient needs, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. TPN is typically used when a patient cannot eat or digest food through their gastrointestinal tract for various reasons, such as severe malabsorption, intestinal obstruction, or inflammatory bowel disease. The term "total" indicates that the nutritional support is complete and meets all of the patient's nutritional needs.

A nutrition survey is not a medical term per se, but it is a research method used in the field of nutrition and public health. Here's a definition:

A nutrition survey is a study design that systematically collects and analyzes data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and related factors from a defined population or sample. It aims to describe the nutritional situation, identify nutritional problems, and monitor trends in a population over time. Nutrition surveys can be cross-sectional, longitudinal, or community-based and may involve various data collection methods such as interviews, questionnaires, observations, physical measurements, and biological samples. The results of nutrition surveys are used to inform nutrition policies, programs, and interventions aimed at improving the nutritional status and health outcomes of populations.

Enteral nutrition refers to the delivery of nutrients to a person through a tube that is placed into the gastrointestinal tract, specifically into the stomach or small intestine. This type of nutrition is used when a person is unable to consume food or liquids by mouth due to various medical conditions such as swallowing difficulties, malabsorption, or gastrointestinal disorders.

Enteral nutrition can be provided through different types of feeding tubes, including nasogastric tubes, which are inserted through the nose and down into the stomach, and gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes, which are placed directly into the stomach or small intestine through a surgical incision.

The nutrients provided through enteral nutrition may include commercially prepared formulas that contain a balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, or blenderized whole foods that are pureed and delivered through the feeding tube. The choice of formula or type of feed depends on the individual's nutritional needs, gastrointestinal function, and medical condition.

Enteral nutrition is a safe and effective way to provide nutrition support to people who are unable to meet their nutritional needs through oral intake alone. It can help prevent malnutrition, promote wound healing, improve immune function, and enhance overall health and quality of life.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Mothers" is a term that refers to individuals who have given birth to and raised children. It is not a medical term with a specific definition. If you are referring to a different word or term, please clarify so I can provide a more accurate response.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nepal" is not a medical term. It is a country located in South Asia, between China and India. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Rural health is a branch of healthcare that focuses on the unique health challenges and needs of people living in rural areas. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines rural health as "the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in the rural population."

Rural populations often face disparities in healthcare access and quality compared to their urban counterparts. Factors such as geographic isolation, poverty, lack of transportation, and a shortage of healthcare providers can contribute to these disparities. Rural health encompasses a broad range of services, including primary care, prevention, chronic disease management, mental health, oral health, and emergency medical services.

The goal of rural health is to improve the health outcomes of rural populations by addressing these unique challenges and providing high-quality, accessible healthcare services that meet their needs. This may involve innovative approaches such as telemedicine, mobile health clinics, and community-based programs to reach people in remote areas.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

Nutritional Sciences is a field of study that deals with the scientific examination and understanding of nutrients in food, how the body uses them, and the relationship between diet, health, and disease. It encompasses various disciplines including biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, epidemiology, and clinical nutrition.

The field covers several key areas such as:

1. Nutrient metabolism: This involves studying how nutrients are digested, absorbed, transported, stored, and utilized in the body for energy production, growth, maintenance, and reproduction.
2. Diet and disease prevention: Nutritional sciences investigate the role of diet in preventing or managing various health conditions like obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer.
3. Functional foods and nutraceuticals: This area focuses on studying the potential health benefits of specific foods or food components beyond their basic nutritional value, including functional foods (foods that have demonstrated health benefits) and nutraceuticals (nutrient-rich supplements derived from food sources).
4. Public health nutrition: Nutritional sciences also address population-wide nutrition issues, such as malnutrition, food insecurity, and the development of public policies related to food and health.
5. Clinical nutrition: This subfield applies nutritional principles and research findings to patient care, focusing on developing individualized dietary plans for patients with various medical conditions.

Overall, Nutritional Sciences aims to provide a solid scientific foundation for making informed dietary choices and promoting optimal health outcomes across populations and individuals.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

A rural population refers to people who live in areas that are outside of urban areas, typically defined as having fewer than 2,000 residents and lacking certain infrastructure and services such as running water, sewage systems, and paved roads. Rural populations often have less access to healthcare services, education, and economic opportunities compared to their urban counterparts. This population group can face unique health challenges, including higher rates of poverty, limited access to specialized medical care, and a greater exposure to environmental hazards such as agricultural chemicals and industrial pollutants.

Nutrition therapy is a medical treatment that focuses on providing adequate and balanced nutrition to help patients manage various medical conditions, promote recovery, improve overall health, and enhance quality of life. It involves the use of a personalized dietary plan, supplements, and enteral or parenteral nutrition support, as needed, under the guidance of healthcare professionals such as registered dietitians or nutritionists.

The goals of nutrition therapy may include:

1. Meeting nutritional needs and optimizing growth and development in children and adolescents.
2. Preventing or treating malnutrition due to illness, injury, or surgery.
3. Managing chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, or gastrointestinal disorders by controlling risk factors, reducing symptoms, and slowing the progression of the condition.
4. Supporting patients during cancer treatment to maintain strength, promote healing, and improve their response to therapy.
5. Providing nutrition support for individuals with eating disorders, food allergies, or intolerances.
6. Enhancing overall health and well-being through education on healthy eating habits and lifestyle modifications.

Nutrition therapy is an essential component of comprehensive healthcare and should be tailored to each individual's unique needs, preferences, and medical history.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (a less severe form of mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy, or unusually irritable. These mood swings can significantly affect your job, school, relationships, and overall quality of life.

Bipolar disorder is typically characterized by the presence of one or more manic or hypomanic episodes, often accompanied by depressive episodes. The episodes may be separated by periods of normal mood, but in some cases, a person may experience rapid cycling between mania and depression.

There are several types of bipolar disorder, including:

* Bipolar I Disorder: This type is characterized by the occurrence of at least one manic episode, which may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes.
* Bipolar II Disorder: This type involves the presence of at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but no manic episodes.
* Cyclothymic Disorder: This type is characterized by numerous periods of hypomania and depression that are not severe enough to meet the criteria for a full manic or depressive episode.
* Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders: These categories include bipolar disorders that do not fit the criteria for any of the other types.

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it appears to be related to a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms and prevent relapses.

Child welfare is a broad term that refers to the overall well-being and protection of children. It encompasses a range of services and interventions aimed at promoting the physical, emotional, social, and educational development of children, while also protecting them from harm, abuse, and neglect. The medical definition of child welfare may include:

1. Preventive Services: Programs and interventions designed to strengthen families and prevent child maltreatment, such as home visiting programs, parent education classes, and family support services.
2. Protective Services: Interventions that aim to protect children from harm, abuse, or neglect, including investigations of reports of maltreatment, removal of children from dangerous situations, and provision of alternative care arrangements.
3. Family Reunification Services: Efforts to reunite children with their families when it is safe and in the best interest of the child, such as family therapy, parent-child visitation, and case management services.
4. Permanency Planning: The development of long-term plans for children who cannot safely return to their families, including adoption, guardianship, or other permanent living arrangements.
5. Foster Care Services: Provision of temporary care for children who cannot safely remain in their own homes, including placement with foster families, group homes, or residential treatment facilities.
6. Child Health and Development Services: Programs that promote the physical, emotional, and developmental well-being of children, such as health screenings, immunizations, mental health services, and early intervention programs for children with special needs.
7. Advocacy and Policy Development: Efforts to promote policies and practices that support the well-being and protection of children, including advocating for laws and regulations that protect children's rights and ensure their safety and well-being.

Nutrition policy refers to a set of guidelines, regulations, or laws established by governmental or organizational bodies to promote healthy eating habits and reduce the risk of diet-related chronic diseases. These policies aim to create an environment that supports and encourages individuals to make healthier food choices. Nutrition policies can cover various aspects such as food labeling, nutrition education, food safety, agricultural practices, and access to affordable and nutritious foods. They may also address issues related to marketing and advertising of unhealthy food products, particularly to children. The ultimate goal of nutrition policy is to improve public health by creating a food environment that supports optimal nutrition and well-being.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" is not a widely recognized or established medical term. It seems to be a very specific phrase that may refer to the physiological processes and phenomena related to nutrition.

Nutrition, in a medical context, refers to the process of providing or obtaining food necessary for health and growth. Physiological phenomena, on the other hand, refer to the functional manifestations of living organisms and their parts.

So, "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" could hypothetically refer to the various physiological processes that occur in the body in relation to nutrition, such as digestion, absorption, metabolism, transportation, and storage of nutrients. However, I would recommend consulting the specific source or context where this term was used for a more accurate definition.

A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. It's associated with distress and/or impaired functioning in social, occupational, or other important areas of life, often leading to a decrease in quality of life. These disorders are typically persistent and can be severe and disabling. They may be related to factors such as genetics, early childhood experiences, or trauma. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders. It's important to note that a diagnosis should be made by a qualified mental health professional.

Child behavior refers to the actions, reactions, and interactions exhibited by children in response to their environment, experiences, and developmental stage. It is a broad term that encompasses various aspects, including emotional, social, cognitive, and physical development.

Child behavior can be categorized into two main types:

1. Desirable or positive behaviors - These are behaviors that promote healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include sharing toys, following rules, expressing emotions appropriately, and demonstrating empathy towards others.
2. Challenging or negative behaviors - These are behaviors that hinder healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include aggression, defiance, tantrums, anxiety, and withdrawal.

Understanding child behavior is crucial for parents, caregivers, educators, and healthcare professionals to provide appropriate support, guidance, and interventions to promote positive developmental outcomes in children. Factors influencing child behavior include genetics, temperament, environment, parenting style, and life experiences.

A disabled child is a child who has a physical, cognitive, or developmental condition that limits their ability to perform everyday tasks and activities. This limitation can be temporary or permanent and may range from mild to severe. According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a person with a disability is someone who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.

Disabled children may face challenges in various areas of their lives, including mobility, communication, self-care, learning, and socialization. Some common examples of disabilities that affect children include cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, hearing or vision loss, and spina bifida.

It is important to note that disabled children have the same rights and entitlements as other children, and they should be given equal opportunities to participate in all aspects of society. This includes access to education, healthcare, social services, and community activities. With appropriate support and accommodations, many disabled children can lead fulfilling lives and reach their full potential.

A Nutrition Assessment is a systematic and comprehensive evaluation of an individual's nutritional status, which is carried out by healthcare professionals such as registered dietitians or nutritionists. The assessment typically involves collecting and analyzing data related to various factors that influence nutritional health, including:

1. Anthropometric measurements: These include height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and other physical measures that can provide insights into an individual's overall health status and risk of chronic diseases.
2. Dietary intake assessment: This involves evaluating an individual's dietary patterns, food preferences, and eating habits to determine whether they are meeting their nutritional needs through their diet.
3. Biochemical assessments: These include blood tests and other laboratory measures that can provide information about an individual's nutrient status, such as serum levels of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.
4. Clinical assessment: This involves reviewing an individual's medical history, current medications, and any symptoms or health conditions that may be impacting their nutritional health.
5. Social and economic assessment: This includes evaluating an individual's access to food, income, education level, and other social determinants of health that can affect their ability to obtain and consume a healthy diet.

The goal of a Nutrition Assessment is to identify any nutritional risks or deficiencies and develop a personalized nutrition plan to address them. This may involve making dietary recommendations, providing education and counseling, or referring the individual to other healthcare professionals for further evaluation and treatment.

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by feelings of excessive and persistent worry, fear, or anxiety that interfere with daily activities. They include several different types of disorders, such as:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This is characterized by chronic and exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to provoke it.
2. Panic Disorder: This is characterized by recurring unexpected panic attacks and fear of experiencing more panic attacks.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Also known as social phobia, this is characterized by excessive fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social situations due to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.
4. Phobias: These are intense, irrational fears of certain objects, places, or situations. When a person with a phobia encounters the object or situation they fear, they may experience panic attacks or other severe anxiety responses.
5. Agoraphobia: This is a fear of being in places where it may be difficult to escape or get help if one has a panic attack or other embarrassing or incapacitating symptoms.
6. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD): This is characterized by excessive anxiety about separation from home or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (such as a parent, sibling, or partner).
7. Selective Mutism: This is a disorder where a child becomes mute in certain situations, such as at school, but can speak normally at home or with close family members.

These disorders are treatable with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy). It's important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or someone you know may have an anxiety disorder.

Mood disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by significant and persistent changes in mood, affect, and emotional state. These disorders can cause disturbances in normal functioning and significantly impair an individual's ability to carry out their daily activities. The two primary types of mood disorders are depressive disorders (such as major depressive disorder or persistent depressive disorder) and bipolar disorders (which include bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder).

Depressive disorders involve prolonged periods of low mood, sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities. Individuals with these disorders may also experience changes in sleep patterns, appetite, energy levels, concentration, and self-esteem. In severe cases, they might have thoughts of death or suicide.

Bipolar disorders involve alternating episodes of mania (or hypomania) and depression. During a manic episode, individuals may feel extremely elated, energetic, or irritable, with racing thoughts, rapid speech, and impulsive behavior. They might engage in risky activities, have decreased sleep needs, and display poor judgment. In contrast, depressive episodes involve the same symptoms as depressive disorders.

Mood disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Proper diagnosis and treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, are essential for managing these conditions and improving quality of life.

Parenteral Nutrition, Home (HPN) is a medical definition referring to the specialized medical treatment in which nutrients are delivered directly into a patient's bloodstream through a vein outside of the gastrointestinal tract. This technique is used when a patient cannot receive adequate nutrition through enteral feeding or oral intake alone, often due to conditions such as severe malabsorption, intestinal failure, or chronic bowel disorders.

HPN specifically refers to the administration of parenteral nutrition in the home setting rather than in a hospital or healthcare facility. This approach allows patients to receive ongoing nutritional support while maintaining their quality of life and independence. HPN requires careful monitoring by healthcare professionals, including regular laboratory tests and clinical assessments, to ensure that the patient is receiving appropriate nutrition and to minimize potential complications such as infection, dehydration, or electrolyte imbalances.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a publication of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that provides diagnostic criteria for mental disorders. It is widely used by mental health professionals in the United States and around the world to diagnose and classify mental health conditions.

The DSM includes detailed descriptions of symptoms, clinical examples, and specific criteria for each disorder, which are intended to facilitate accurate diagnosis and improve communication among mental health professionals. The manual is regularly updated to reflect current research and clinical practice, with the most recent edition being the DSM-5, published in 2013.

It's important to note that while the DSM is a valuable tool for mental health professionals, it is not without controversy. Some critics argue that the manual medicalizes normal human experiences and that its categories may be too broad or overlapping. Nonetheless, it remains an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, and policymakers in the field of mental health.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with hyperactivity is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. The condition is characterized by symptoms including:

1. Difficulty paying attention or staying focused on a single task
2. Impulsivity, or acting without thinking
3. Hyperactivity, or excessive fidgeting, restlessness, or talking

In order to be diagnosed with ADHD with hyperactivity, an individual must exhibit these symptoms to a degree that is developmentally inappropriate and interferes with their daily functioning. Additionally, the symptoms must have been present for at least six months and be present in multiple settings (e.g., at home, school, work).

It's important to note that ADHD can manifest differently in different people, and some individuals may experience predominantly inattentive or impulsive symptoms rather than hyperactive ones. However, when the hyperactive component is prominent, it is referred to as ADHD with hyperactivity.

Effective treatments for ADHD with hyperactivity include a combination of medication (such as stimulants) and behavioral therapy. With appropriate treatment, individuals with ADHD can learn to manage their symptoms and lead successful, fulfilling lives.

Childhood behavior disorders are a group of disruptive behaviors that are more frequent or severe than is typical for the child's age and development. These behaviors can cause significant impairment in the child's life, including their relationships with family, friends, and at school. Common examples of childhood behavior disorders include:

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A chronic condition characterized by difficulty paying attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior towards authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules.
4. Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED): A disorder characterized by recurrent impulsive aggressive behavior disproportionate to the situation.
5. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
6. Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.

It's important to note that children with behavior disorders often have other conditions such as learning disabilities, mood disorders, or anxiety disorders. Early identification and treatment of these disorders can significantly improve the child's outcome.

Child health services refer to a range of medical and supportive services designed to promote the physical, mental, and social well-being of children from birth up to adolescence. These services aim to prevent or identify health problems early, provide treatment and management for existing conditions, and support healthy growth and development.

Examples of child health services include:

1. Well-child visits: Regular checkups with a pediatrician or other healthcare provider to monitor growth, development, and overall health.
2. Immunizations: Vaccinations to protect against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.
3. Screening tests: Blood tests, hearing and vision screenings, and other diagnostic tests to identify potential health issues early.
4. Developmental assessments: Evaluations of a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical development to ensure they are meeting age-appropriate milestones.
5. Dental care: Preventive dental services such as cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealants, as well as restorative care for cavities or other dental problems.
6. Mental health services: Counseling, therapy, and medication management for children experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges.
7. Nutrition counseling: Education and support to help families make healthy food choices and promote good nutrition.
8. Chronic disease management: Coordinated care for children with ongoing medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy.
9. Injury prevention: Programs that teach parents and children about safety measures to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.
10. Public health initiatives: Community-based programs that promote healthy lifestyles, provide access to healthcare services, and address social determinants of health such as poverty, housing, and education.

A diet, in medical terms, refers to the planned and regular consumption of food and drinks. It is a balanced selection of nutrient-rich foods that an individual eats on a daily or periodic basis to meet their energy needs and maintain good health. A well-balanced diet typically includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products.

A diet may also be prescribed for therapeutic purposes, such as in the management of certain medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, or obesity. In these cases, a healthcare professional may recommend specific restrictions or modifications to an individual's regular diet to help manage their condition and improve their overall health.

It is important to note that a healthy and balanced diet should be tailored to an individual's age, gender, body size, activity level, and any underlying medical conditions. Consulting with a healthcare professional, such as a registered dietitian or nutritionist, can help ensure that an individual's dietary needs are being met in a safe and effective way.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Autistic Disorder, also known as Autism or Classic Autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. It is characterized by:

1. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including:
* Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity;
* Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction;
* Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
2. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following:
* Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech;
* Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior;
* Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus;
* Hyper- or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment.
3. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities) and limit or impair everyday functioning.
4. Symptoms do not occur exclusively during the course of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or other psychotic disorders.

Autistic Disorder is part of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), which also include Asperger's Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The current diagnostic term for this category of conditions, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), is Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) are a group of conditions that affect the development and functioning of the brain, leading to delays in many areas of development. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) has replaced the term "pervasive developmental disorders" with "autism spectrum disorder" and "other neurodevelopmental disorders."

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction across multiple contexts, as well as restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. The symptoms of ASD can range from mild to severe, and the condition affects approximately 1 in 54 children in the United States.

Other neurodevelopmental disorders that were previously classified as PDDs include:

1. Intellectual disability (ID): a condition characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disorder used to be referred to as "mental retardation."
2. Communication disorders: these are disorders that affect an individual's ability to communicate, including language disorders, speech sound disorders, and stuttering.
3. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
4. Specific learning disorder: a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects an individual's ability to learn and use specific academic skills, such as reading, writing, or mathematics.
5. Motor disorders: these are disorders that affect an individual's movement and coordination, including developmental coordination disorder, stereotypic movement disorder, and tic disorders.

The medical definition of 'Child Development Disorders, Pervasive' has been replaced with more specific diagnoses in the DSM-5 to better reflect the diverse nature of these conditions and improve diagnostic accuracy and treatment planning.

Child rearing, also known as child care or child raising, refers to the process of caring for and raising children from infancy through adolescence. This includes providing for their physical needs such as food, clothing, and shelter, as well as their emotional, social, and intellectual development. Child rearing involves a range of activities such as feeding, bathing, dressing, educating, disciplining, and providing love and support. It is typically the responsibility of parents or guardians, but may also involve other family members, teachers, caregivers, and community institutions. Effective child rearing requires knowledge, skills, patience, and a commitment to meeting the needs of the child in a loving and supportive environment.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

There is no formal medical definition for "child of impaired parents." However, it generally refers to a child who has at least one parent with physical, mental, or psychological challenges that impact their ability to care for themselves and/or their children. These impairments may include substance abuse disorders, mental illnesses, chronic medical conditions, or developmental disabilities.

Children of impaired parents often face unique challenges and stressors in their lives, which can affect their emotional, social, and cognitive development. They may have to take on additional responsibilities at home, experience neglect or abuse, or witness disturbing behaviors related to their parent's impairment. As a result, these children are at higher risk for developing mental health issues, behavioral problems, and academic difficulties.

Support services and interventions, such as family therapy, counseling, and community resources, can help mitigate the negative effects of growing up with impaired parents and improve outcomes for these children.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), also simply referred to as depression, is a serious mental health condition characterized by the presence of one or more major depressive episodes. A major depressive episode is a period of at least two weeks during which an individual experiences a severely depressed mood and/or loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities, accompanied by at least four additional symptoms such as significant changes in appetite or weight, sleep disturbances, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.

MDD can significantly impair an individual's ability to function in daily life, and it is associated with increased risks of suicide, substance abuse, and other mental health disorders. The exact cause of MDD is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a complex interplay of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of psychotherapy (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy) and medication (such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants).

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the body's function is not maintained. It can also refer to a deficiency or excess of vitamins, minerals, protein, energy, and/or water. This condition can have negative effects on physical and mental health. Malnutrition includes undernutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), overnutrition (overweight, obesity) and micronutrient deficiencies or excesses.

It's important to note that malnutrition is different from malabsorption, which is the inability to absorb nutrients from food. Malabsorption can also lead to malnutrition if it results in a lack of necessary nutrients for the body's function.

The term "institutionalized child" is used to describe a minor (a person who has not yet reached the age of legal majority) who resides in an institution such as a group home, foster care facility, residential treatment center, or other similar setting on a long-term basis. Institutionalization may occur for various reasons, including but not limited to:

1. Abuse or neglect in their biological family
2. Parental absence or inability to provide care
3. Behavioral or emotional challenges that require specialized treatment and support
4. Disabilities that necessitate around-the-clock care
5. Legal reasons, such as being a ward of the state

Institutionalized children typically receive care, supervision, education, and other services from trained staff members in these facilities. The goal of institutionalization is often to provide a safe, structured environment where the child can receive the necessary support and resources to help them thrive and eventually transition back into a family or community setting when possible.

Child psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the mental, emotional, and social development of children from birth to adolescence. It involves the study of children's behavior, thoughts, feelings, and relationships with others, including their families, peers, and teachers. Child psychologists use various research methods, such as observation, interviews, and testing, to understand how children develop and learn. They also work with children who have emotional, social, or behavioral problems, providing assessments, therapy, and counseling services to help them overcome these challenges. Additionally, child psychologists may provide consultation and training to parents, teachers, and other professionals who work with children.

A depressive disorder is a mental health condition characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest or pleasure in activities. It can also include changes in sleep, appetite, energy levels, concentration, and self-esteem, as well as thoughts of death or suicide. Depressive disorders can vary in severity and duration, with some people experiencing mild and occasional symptoms, while others may have severe and chronic symptoms that interfere with their ability to function in daily life.

There are several types of depressive disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), persistent depressive disorder (PDD), and postpartum depression. MDD is characterized by symptoms that interfere significantly with a person's ability to function and last for at least two weeks, while PDD involves chronic low-grade depression that lasts for two years or more. Postpartum depression occurs in women after childbirth and can range from mild to severe.

Depressive disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy (talk therapy), and lifestyle changes.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "parents" is not a term that has a medical definition. In general usage, parents are the two people (typically) who bring up and care for a child, or who have given birth to or adopted a child. They are responsible for the child's housing, food, clothing, education, and medical care. Is there a specific medical or healthcare-related context you had in mind? I would be happy to help further if I can.

Nutritional support is medical care that focuses on providing nutrition to individuals who are unable to consume or absorb adequate nutrients through their regular diet. This may include patients with chronic illnesses, eating disorders, swallowing difficulties, or those recovering from surgery or injury. Nutritional support can take many forms, including oral supplements, enteral feeding (tube feeding), and parenteral nutrition (intravenous feeding). The goal of nutritional support is to maintain or improve the patient's nutritional status, promote healing and recovery, enhance quality of life, and reduce complications associated with malnutrition.

"Age factors" refer to the effects, changes, or differences that age can have on various aspects of health, disease, and medical care. These factors can encompass a wide range of issues, including:

1. Physiological changes: As people age, their bodies undergo numerous physical changes that can affect how they respond to medications, illnesses, and medical procedures. For example, older adults may be more sensitive to certain drugs or have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
2. Chronic conditions: Age is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. As a result, age-related medical issues are common and can impact treatment decisions and outcomes.
3. Cognitive decline: Aging can also lead to cognitive changes, including memory loss and decreased decision-making abilities. These changes can affect a person's ability to understand and comply with medical instructions, leading to potential complications in their care.
4. Functional limitations: Older adults may experience physical limitations that impact their mobility, strength, and balance, increasing the risk of falls and other injuries. These limitations can also make it more challenging for them to perform daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking.
5. Social determinants: Age-related factors, such as social isolation, poverty, and lack of access to transportation, can impact a person's ability to obtain necessary medical care and affect their overall health outcomes.

Understanding age factors is critical for healthcare providers to deliver high-quality, patient-centered care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of older adults. By taking these factors into account, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans that consider a person's age, physical condition, cognitive abilities, and social circumstances.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, serious accident, war combat, rape, or violent personal assault. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), PTSD is characterized by the following symptoms, which must last for more than one month:

1. Intrusion symptoms: These include distressing memories, nightmares, flashbacks, or intense psychological distress or reactivity to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
2. Avoidance symptoms: Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event, including thoughts, feelings, conversations, activities, places, or people.
3. Negative alterations in cognitions and mood: This includes negative beliefs about oneself, others, or the world; distorted blame of self or others for causing the trauma; persistent negative emotional state; decreased interest in significant activities; and feelings of detachment or estrangement from others.
4. Alterations in arousal and reactivity: This includes irritable behavior and angry outbursts, reckless or self-destructive behavior, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, problems with concentration, and sleep disturbance.
5. Duration of symptoms: The symptoms must last for more than one month.
6. Functional significance: The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

It is essential to note that PTSD can occur at any age and can be accompanied by various physical and mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, memory problems, and other difficulties in cognition. Appropriate treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, can significantly improve the symptoms and overall quality of life for individuals with PTSD.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by the presence of obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges, or images that are intrusive, unwanted, and often distressing. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that an individual feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or according to rigid rules, and which are aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety or distress, or preventing some dreaded event or situation. These obsessions and/or compulsions cause significant distress, take up a lot of time (an hour or more a day), and interfere with the individual's daily life, including social activities, relationships, and work or school performance. OCD is considered a type of anxiety disorder and can also co-occur with other mental health conditions.

Dental care for children, also known as pediatric dentistry, is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the oral health of children from infancy through adolescence. The medical definition of dental care for children includes:

1. Preventive Dentistry: This involves regular dental check-ups, professional cleaning, fluoride treatments, and sealants to prevent tooth decay and other dental diseases. Parents are also educated on proper oral hygiene practices for their children, including brushing, flossing, and dietary habits.
2. Restorative Dentistry: If a child develops cavities or other dental problems, restorative treatments such as fillings, crowns, or pulpotomies (baby root canals) may be necessary to restore the health and function of their teeth.
3. Orthodontic Treatment: Many children require orthodontic treatment to correct misaligned teeth or jaws. Early intervention can help guide proper jaw development and prevent more severe issues from developing later on.
4. Habit Counseling: Dental care for children may also involve habit counseling, such as helping a child stop thumb sucking or pacifier use, which can negatively impact their oral health.
5. Sedation and Anesthesia: For children who are anxious about dental procedures or have special needs, sedation or anesthesia may be used to ensure their comfort and safety during treatment.
6. Emergency Care: Dental care for children also includes emergency care for injuries such as knocked-out teeth, broken teeth, or severe toothaches. Prompt attention is necessary to prevent further damage and alleviate pain.
7. Education and Prevention: Finally, dental care for children involves educating parents and children about the importance of good oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups to maintain optimal oral health throughout their lives.

Parenteral nutrition solutions are medically formulated preparations that provide nutritional support through routes other than the gastrointestinal tract, usually via intravenous infusion. These solutions typically contain carbohydrates, proteins (or amino acids), lipids, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements to meet the essential nutritional requirements of patients who cannot receive adequate nutrition through enteral feeding.

The composition of parenteral nutrition solutions varies depending on individual patient needs, but they generally consist of dextrose monohydrate or cornstarch for carbohydrates, crystalline amino acids for proteins, and soybean oil, safflower oil, olive oil, or a combination thereof for lipids. Electrolytes like sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and magnesium are added to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance. Vitamins (fat-soluble and water-soluble) and trace elements (e.g., zinc, copper, manganese, chromium, and selenium) are also included in the solution to support various metabolic processes and overall health.

Parenteral nutrition solutions can be tailored to address specific patient conditions or requirements, such as diabetes, renal insufficiency, or hepatic dysfunction. Close monitoring of patients receiving parenteral nutrition is necessary to ensure appropriate nutrient delivery, prevent complications, and achieve optimal clinical outcomes.

A child who has lost one or both parents due to death is considered an orphan. According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a child who has lost only one parent and is not receiving care from the surviving parent is also considered an orphan. This type of orphan is sometimes referred to as a "single orphan."

The term "double orphan" is used to describe a child who has lost both parents. The death of a parent can have significant emotional, social, and economic impacts on a child, making it important for societies to provide support and resources to help them cope and thrive.

Dietetics is the branch of knowledge concerned with the diet and its effects on health, especially in the prevention and treatment of disease. According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, dietetics is defined as "the integration and application of principles derived from nutrition science, biochemistry, food management, and behavioral and social sciences to achieve and maintain people's health."

Dietitians are healthcare professionals who evaluate individual nutritional needs and develop personalized eating plans to promote health and manage medical conditions. They may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, private practice, community health programs, and food service management. Dietitians often collaborate with other healthcare providers, such as doctors, nurses, and pharmacists, to provide comprehensive care for patients.

The goals of dietetics include promoting optimal nutrition, preventing chronic diseases, managing medical conditions, and enhancing overall health and well-being. Dietitians may provide education and counseling on topics such as healthy eating habits, meal planning, weight management, food safety, and supplement use. They may also conduct research, develop nutrition policies and programs, and advocate for improved food and nutrition policies and practices.

Nutritional requirements refer to the necessary amount of nutrients, including macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and fats) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), that an individual requires to maintain good health, support normal growth and development, and promote optimal bodily functions. These requirements vary based on factors such as age, sex, body size, pregnancy status, and physical activity level. Meeting one's nutritional requirements typically involves consuming a balanced and varied diet, with additional consideration given to any specific dietary restrictions or medical conditions that may influence nutrient needs.

Substance-related disorders, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), refer to a group of conditions caused by the use of substances such as alcohol, drugs, or medicines. These disorders are characterized by a problematic pattern of using a substance that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress. They can be divided into two main categories: substance use disorders and substance-induced disorders. Substance use disorders involve a pattern of compulsive use despite negative consequences, while substance-induced disorders include conditions such as intoxication, withdrawal, and substance/medication-induced mental disorders. The specific diagnosis depends on the type of substance involved, the patterns of use, and the presence or absence of physiological dependence.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

A phobic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by an excessive and irrational fear or avoidance of specific objects, situations, or activities. This fear can cause significant distress and interfere with a person's daily life. Phobic disorders are typically classified into three main categories: specific phobias (such as fear of heights, spiders, or needles), social phobia (or social anxiety disorder), and agoraphobia (fear of open spaces or situations where escape might be difficult).

People with phobic disorders often recognize that their fear is excessive or unreasonable, but they are unable to control it. When exposed to the feared object or situation, they may experience symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms can be so distressing that individuals with phobic disorders go to great lengths to avoid the feared situation, which can have a significant impact on their quality of life.

Treatment for phobic disorders typically involves cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps individuals identify and challenge their irrational thoughts and fears, as well as exposure therapy, which gradually exposes them to the feared object or situation in a safe and controlled environment. In some cases, medication may also be recommended to help manage symptoms of anxiety.

"Chernobyl children show DNA changes". BBC News. 2001-05-08. Retrieved 2010-05-25. "Iodine - Disorders of Nutrition". MSD Manual ... The disorders that occur in the lower neck more proximal to the thyroid gland are lined by epithelium resembling the thyroidal ... There are other disorders that cause inflammation of the thyroid, and these include subacute thyroiditis, acute thyroiditis, ... Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. In Graves' disease, for an unknown ...
Kuperminc, Michelle N.; Stevenson, Richard D. (2008). "Growth and Nutrition Disorders in Children with Cerebral Palsy". ... For instance, a child who is not getting sufficient nutrition for endogenous reasons may act content so that caregivers do not ... as well as screen children for signs and symptoms of child abuse, neglect, or emotional deprivation. Children who have FTT ... Al Nofal A, Schwenk WF (December 2013). "Growth failure in children: a symptom or a disease?". Nutrition in Clinical Practice. ...
Neurocognitive and Environmental Factors: environmental and emotional factors in nutrition and obesity disorders. Obesity in ... Childhood-Adolescence Period: biochemical, hormonal, metabolic, genetic, proteomic and body-composition study in children and ... The Spanish Biomedical Research Centre in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de ... Programs are as follows: Nutrition: effects of different types of diet and nutrients on human health. Adipobiology: ...
1.Nutrition Disorders - etiology. 2.Water Quality. 3.Sanitation. 4.Hygiene. Health. 5.Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice (PDF). ... This resulted in half a million children under the age of five dying from diarrhea per year. Providing sanitation has been ... Improving nutrition outcomes with better water, sanitation and hygiene: practical solutions for policies and programmes. ... Themes in previous years include nature-based solutions, wastewater, toilets and jobs, and toilets and nutrition. World Toilet ...
It has been criticized by some experts on nutrition and eating disorders for encouraging dieting in children as young as 8. ... Sterling, Wendy (2019-09-14). "New Weight Watchers diet app puts kids at risk for eating disorders and body shaming". nbcnews. ... Harrison, Christy (2019-08-18). "I Help People Recover From Disordered Eating. Don't Give Your Child This App". New York Times ... An uncontrolled three-month study of the app used by children between 8 and 17 said that it was "highly effective" based on an ...
... including neurological disorders and blindness caused by poor nutrition. An article written in 1997 suggests malnutrition and ... due to Cuba's rationing system which gives preferential treatment to women and children. In 1997, the American Association for ... "Denial of Food and Medicine: The Impact Of The U.S. Embargo On The Health And Nutrition In Cuba." March 1997. Davis, Stuart ( ...
The term disorder of nutrition, which Czerny used, showed the relation between nutrition on the one and disease on the other ... Children's nutrition, nutritional disturbance and therapeutic nutrition) - among experts simply known as the „Czerny-Keller". ... In 1893, after his habilitation treatise in on glycogen and amaloid disorder and an appertaining lecture on the nutrition of ... Several children's diseases were named after him. Son of a railway engineer, Czerny grew up in Vienna and as of 1879 in Pilsen ...
... and editor of the journal Contemporary Pediatrics and was known as an expert in pediatric nutrition issues and blood disorders ... He also served as the physician-in-chief at the Johns Hopkins Children's Medical and Surgery Center. He was a founder ... He also co-wrote the first textbook focused on blood disorders in newborns. He was an editor of Principles and Practice of ... He was survived by a wife and three children. The American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology sponsors the Frank A. Oski ...
Because children with PD do not grow like other children, poor nutrition, a metabolic disorder, or a digestive disorder may be ... The correct diagnosis of PD may not be made until the child is 5 years old and it becomes apparent that the child has severe ... Children with RSS that are treated with growth hormone before puberty may achieve several inches of additional height. In ... The lack of normal growth in the disorder is not due to a deficiency of growth hormone, as in hypopituitary dwarfism. ...
In reality, amenorrhea in women of child-bearing age is frequently a result of low body weight, poor nutrition, disordered ... She maintains that a low fat and low salt diet is the key to effectively extracting nutrition from any kind of diet. It is ... Neuroendocrine control of hypothalamic dysfunction". The International Journal of Eating Disorders. 16 (1): 53-60. doi:10.1002/ ... These books were met with the criticism that following her plans could lead to disordered eating, and nutritional deficiency, ...
Hoffer's ABC of Natural Nutrition for Children: With Learning Disabilities, Behavioral Disorders, and Mental State Dysfunctions ... Healing Children's Attention and Behavior Disorders: Complementary Nutritional & Psychological Treatments. CCNM Press, 2015. ... He married Rose Miller in 1942, and his son Bill Hoffer was born in 1944 followed by two more children, John and Miriam, in ... Nutrition Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society". CMAJ. 143 (10): 1009-1013. PMC 1452516. PMID 1699646. Altschul R, Hoffer A, ...
Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, ... "A systematic review of tests to predict cerebral palsy in young children". Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 55 (5): ... The GMA is best performed 3 months post-term (if the child was born prematurely, the assessment date is not at three months old ... The quality of the child's general movements gives information about how the brain connects, particularly the periventricular ...
Poston's research is about disorders of pregnancy especially when caused by maternal nutrition, and how children's lives can be ... Programming Effects of Nutrition on Vascular Function in the new Born and Adult". Nutrition and Health. 15 (3-4): 207-212. doi: ...
... child, youth and family studies; nutrition and health sciences; special education and communication disorders; and textiles, ... The Nutrition and Health Science department includes the school's athletic training and nutrition science programs, both of ... College of Education and Human Sciences Child, Youth and Family Studies Educational Administration Educational Psychology ... "About Us - Nutrition and Health Sciences". unl.edu. Retrieved 13 November 2022. Taryn Vanderford (23 March 2022). "A sneak peek ...
IMPROVING CHILD NUTRITION > UNICEF. (April 2013). IMPROVING CHILD NUTRITION: The achievable imperative for global progress. ... ISBN 978-0-444-89307-9. "Overview of Disorders of Phosphate Concentration - Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders". MSD Manual ... The Maternal and Child Nutrition Study Group estimate that under nutrition, "including fetal growth restriction, stunting, ... Parenteral nutrition (administering of nutrition intravenously) should be started when enteral nutrition is not possible or ...
Children with PANDAS are postulated to "have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or tic disorders such as Tourette syndrome ... Whisenant SL, Smith BA (October 1995). "Eating disorders: current nutrition therapy and perceived needs in dietetics education ... Patel P, Wheatcroft R, Park RJ, Stein A (March 2002). "The children of mothers with eating disorders". Clinical Child and ... July 2014). "Characteristics of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in children and adolescents: a "new disorder" in DSM- ...
At Abbott Nutrition she developed medical foods for individuals with metabolic disorders. She was the principal author of the ... She was a member of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Acosta had a total of three children with her husband. Acosta was a ... She started the first nutrition clinic to treat patients with inherited metabolic disorders at Emory University. She was chair ... In 2010, she authored Nutrition Management of Patients with Inherited Metabolic Disorders. She published over 150 peer-reviewed ...
"The plasma zinc/serum copper ratio as a biomarker in children with autism spectrum disorders". Biomarkers. 14 (3): 171-180. doi ... The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 88 (3): 855S-8S. doi:10.1093/ajcn/88.3.855S. PMID 18779308. Retrieved 20 December ... Two Case Studies in Children". Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 12 (3): 205-219. doi:10.1089/ ... Those same protection mechanisms can cause milder symptoms, which are often misdiagnosed as psychiatric disorders. There is a ...
An ever-increasing number of studies have shown that the nutrition of the mother will have an effect on the child, up to and ... Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Prenatal nutrition Smoking and pregnancy "Cancer Prevention During Early Life". cdc.gov. 2020- ... Nutrition of the fetus begins at conception. For this reason, the nutrition of the mother is important from before conception ( ... "Nutrition During Pregnancy Resource List for Consumers" (PDF). USDA NAL Food and Nutrition Information Center. Archived from ...
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago (11 May 2017). "Term "Disorders of Sex Development" May Have Negative ... The Journal of Nutrition. 134 (9): 2342-2348. doi:10.1093/jn/134.9.2342. ISSN 0022-3166. PMID 15333726. Bender, Melinda S.; ... "46,XX testicular disorder of sex development". Rare Disease Database. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). ... in a 2006 Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders proposed a system of nomenclature based on "disorders of sex ...
... looked upon as almost a panacea for that class of disorders of nutrition which is shown in the disorders of joints and bones ... Many other children who were there suffered deformities from rickets or vitamin D deficiency. In addition to children, the ... Children's Island Sanitarium was a sanitarium on Children's Island in Essex County, Massachusetts from 1886 until 1946 where ... One was our dormitory and another the dormitory, dining area, and play area for the children. These children were patients... ...
... eating disorders, nutrition and health issues within the advertising industry, the health and fitness sector, media, youth ... "MP hits out at Children and Families Bill impact". Daily Echo. Southampton. "Caroline Opposes Lords' Amendment to Children & ... children in care, children with Special Educational Needs, and the family justice system. Nokes was also a member of the ... "Children and Families Bill 2013". GOV.UK. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2014. "House of Commons Public Bill Committee on ...
Memorial book for my child. With a guide to the nutrition, care and education of the child, Vienna 1932 (Gedenkbuch für mein ... where he became acquainted with the issues of infant nutrition and nutritional disorders, which became his lifelong focus. In ... Published in many editions were his educational books for the general public, entitled Preschool Child, its Care, Nutrition and ... In 1921, he founded the 'Unified Health Insurance for Children Endangered by Tuberculosis', later renamed 'for Children with ...
... nutrition, dental disorders was collected and showed that visits to mobile clinics improved the overall health of children that ... A study done in rural Namibia revealed the health changes of orphans, vulnerable children and non-vulnerable children (OVC) ... Over 6 months, information on immunization status, diagnosis of anemia, skin and intestinal disorders, ... "Nutritional Status of Children after a Food-Supplementation Program Integrated with Routine Health Care through Mobile Clinics ...
... looked upon as almost a panacea for that class of disorders of nutrition which is shown in the disorders of joints and bones ... Margaret's Home of Boston for use as Children's Island Sanitarium Summary. For full article, see Children's Island Sanitarium ... 1886 the Children's Island Sanitarium was opened for nearly two months and hosted a total of 150 children "exposed to the ... Despite the belief that the Children's Island Sanitarium was a tuberculosis sanitarium, no child with a contagious disease, ...
Congenital disorders of nervous system, Disorders causing seizures, Neurological disorders in children, Neurotrauma, Wikipedia ... Meyers RC, Bachrach SJ, Stallings VA (2017). "Cerebral Palsy". In Ekvall SW, Ekvall VK (eds.). Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in ... Newman CJ, O'Regan M, Hensey O (July 2006). "Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy". Developmental Medicine and Child ... communication disorders, malnutrition, sleep disorders, and mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety. In ...
Chiropody Program Decade for Youth and Development Family Violence Project Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder/Child Nutrition ... Program Healthy Babies / Healthy Children Program NAN Crisis Team Funding and Training Peer Helping Program Recreation ... and Resources Residential School Project Social Services Treaty Discussion Forum Treaty Education Process Women's Council Youth ...
Child Nutrition National Nutrition Surveys Nutrition & Bone Health Nutritional Interventions Obesity & Related Metabolic ... Disorders Nutrition Communications and Translation into Policy & Practice Nutrition Epidemiology Biomineral Research Lipid ... In the early 1950s, no children would have eaten pasta, but 50% of children in the 1990s did. However children in the 1950s ... MRC Human Nutrition Research was the largest research institute in the UK for human nutrition, and was based in Cambridge. In ...
Lundy, C; Lumsden, D; Fairhurst, C (2009). "Treating complex movement disorders in children with cerebral palsy". The Ulster ... Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, ... Speech and language disorders, known as dysarthria, are common in athetoid CP patients. In addition, ADCP patients may have ... Children with these disabilities rely heavily on visual stimulation, especially those who are also affected by sensory deafness ...
Nutrition also plays a role in mental disorders. In schizophrenia and psychosis, risk factors include migration and ... Miklowitz DJ, Chang KD (2008). "Prevention of bipolar disorder in at-risk children: theoretical assumptions and empirical ... In the United States the frequency of disorder is: anxiety disorder (28.8%), mood disorder (20.8%), impulse-control disorder ( ... social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Other ...
Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders among school children in Saudi Arabia: results of a national iodine nutrition study ... World summit for children - mid decade goal: iodine deficiency disorders (JCHPSS/94/2.7). Geneva: United Nations Childrens ... Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders among school children in Saudi Arabia: results of a national iodine nutrition study ... Current iodine nutrition status and progress toward elimination of iodine deficiency disorders in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. BMC ...
Results of search for su:{Child nutrition disorders} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ... Clinical nutrition of the young child / editors, Angel Ballabriga ... [et al.] by Ballabriga, Angel , Nestlé Nutrition S.A. ... Strategy for improved nutrition of children and women in developing countries. by UNICEF. ... Nutrition du jeune enfant / édité par Angel Ballabriga ... [et al.] by Ballabriga, Angel , Nestlé Nutrition S.A. ...
Condition: Child Nutrition Disorders. Date: 2016-03-31. Completed. Study Name: The Pediatric HIV Nutrition Study in Uganda. ... Child Nutrition Disorders. Date: 2016-04-05. Interventions: Behavioral: CO-CSA plus Nutrition Education Participants will ... Condition: Child Nutrition Disorders. Date: 2016-10-28. Interventions: Behavioral: BCC on Essential Nutrition and Hygiene ... Condition: Child Nutrition Disorders. Date: 2012-08-29. Interventions: Behavioral: nutrition and hygiene education Monthly ...
A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. Learn more about nutrition for children. ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Child Nutrition (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Child Nutrition Disorders (National ... Nutrition (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Womens Health) * Nutrition for Kids: Guidelines for a Healthy ... Find a Nutrition Expert (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics) * Food and Nutrition Service Programs Contacts by State (Food and ...
Despite the prevalence and being considered the mental disorder with the highest mortality rate, eating disorders are commonly ... One of three kids growing up, I was always the last one at the dinner table. I am not saying I wasnt a picky eater; I was. ... Eating disorders can lead to kidney failure, osteoporosis, tooth decay, and in some cases heart attacks. Regardless of several ... I was about 8 or 9 years old the first time someone ever accused me of having an eating disorder. I remember it like it was ...
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can impair childrens learning. ... What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder ... attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment. * unclassified. admin05/12/2021. 0 467 ...
Karamanolis G, Tack J. Nutrition and motility disorders. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2006. 20(3):485-505. [QxMD MEDLINE ... Postoperative lower esophageal dilation in children following the performance of Nissen fundoplication. Eur J Pediatr Surg. ... Tack J. Gastric motor disorders. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2007. 21(4):633-44. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ... In the pediatric population, dumping syndrome is described almost exclusively in children who have undergone Nissen ...
... what hope do our children have to develop a normal relationship with real food? Since people first began to… ... Eating disorders in children are on the rise. Is this any surprise? With more and more parents switching to unhealthy extreme ... Eating Disorders, psychological problems Post navigation. Modern Eating Disorders: Eating Disorders in Children ... Eating disorders in children are on the rise. Is this any surprise? With more and more parents switching to unhealthy extreme ...
Categories: Child Nutrition Disorders Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Maternal, infant and young child nutrition. *Vitamin and mineral nutrition. *Nutrition in schools ... Mechanisms - National iodine deficiency disorder control committee. PDF versionExport as CSV ... Iodine deficiency disorder prevention and control by 7 strategies including Policy advocacy, Universal salt iodization, iodine ... This coordination mechanism was reported to the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017. Country progress in creating ...
Nutrition for your Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Read the Full Story ... Kids Back to Main Menu Kids Developed by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Foundation, the Kids Eat Right campaign is ... Find a Nutrition Expert. Looking for credible nutrition information and recommendations? The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ... With a focus on healthful ingredients that offer nutrition and dietary variety, these recipes are developed by registered ...
"Chernobyl children show DNA changes". BBC News. 2001-05-08. Retrieved 2010-05-25. "Iodine - Disorders of Nutrition". MSD Manual ... The disorders that occur in the lower neck more proximal to the thyroid gland are lined by epithelium resembling the thyroidal ... There are other disorders that cause inflammation of the thyroid, and these include subacute thyroiditis, acute thyroiditis, ... Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder that is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. In Graves disease, for an unknown ...
Child Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology* * Child, Preschool * Community Health Centers * Feasibility Studies * Female ... Implementing the Nutrition Screening Tool for Every Preschooler (NutriSTEP®) in community health centres Can J Diet Pract Res. ... Purpose: Identifying nutrition-related problems during the early years may provide an opportunity to enhance parents abilities ... Physicians considered nutrition screening of preschoolers important, and felt that health centres were the best location for ...
... risk factors and health consequences of VA deficiency among school-aged children are lacking within the region and globa … ... appears to affect large numbers of school-aged children in South-East Asia. However, nationally representative data on the ... Child * Child Nutrition Disorders / blood * Child Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology* * Child, Preschool * Female ... Vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia among school-aged children in Southeastern Asia Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Oct;58(10):1342-9. ...
Eating Disorders. A few people take diets and exercise to extremes and need medical help to get back on track. ... Nutrition & Fitness Center. Eating Right and Staying Active. This site gives you the basics on healthy eating and physicial ... Overeating foods that are high in fat and calories and low in nutrition can cause problems if you eat them regularly. ... Most fast-food places post nutrition facts on their websites so you can make healthy decisions before you go. ...
Pediatrics, Breast Feeding, Child Welfare, Domestic Violence, Child Nutrition Disorders, Child Labor, Milk, Human, 50230 ... Breast Feeding, Child Welfare, Milk, Human, Pediatrics, 50230 11º Congreso Argentino de Pediatría Social. 6º Congreso Argentino ...
Iodine-deficiency disorders, which can start before birth, jeopardize childrens mental health and often their very survival. ... Children Close/Dismiss Window. Children with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration therapy (ORT). Children ,5 years with ... Children with diarrhoea receiving zinc (%) Close/Dismiss Window. Children with diarrhoea who received zinc. Children ,5 years ... e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA). Vitamin A supplementation in infants and children 6-59 months of age. ( ...
mead johnson nutrition food safety law disaster relief community company a childs best start espghan app environment China ... Nutrition Spotlight: Protein Metabolism Disorders. Posted on Feb. 22nd, 2011 at 4:30pm ... All topics can be found by visiting the Nutrition and Your Child page. ... along with our perspective on developments and insights on breaking news related to childrens nutrition. ...
The Eating Disorders Recovery Program at Seattle Childrens diagnoses eating disorders and provides treatment, including ... Medical and nutrition care through Adolescent Medicine Our Adolescent Medicine providers diagnose and treat eating disorders in ... Inpatient eating disorders care Children and teens may be admitted to Seattle Childrens (typically through the Emergency ... Why choose Seattle Childrens for eating disorder treatment? Providers in our Eating Disorders Recovery Program have expert ...
Brain disorders; Brain damage; Nutrition; Author Keywords: Adolescent child food contamination; Methylmercury compounds; ... Neurological disorders; Neurotoxicity; Neurotoxic effects; Prenatal exposure; ...
It is notable that DAA has been unable to identify significant input by nutrition professionals into the planning or provision ... The Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA) is the largest member organisation for nutrition professionals in Australia. ... Refugees are a group at high nutrition risk. There is a strong duty of adequate nutritional care for institutionalised persons ... Poor maternal nutrition is associated with various disorders in babies and with low birth weight. Mothers also have increased ...
Introduction to Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment ... Medical disorders and a lack of proper nutrition are causes of failure... read more ), or when they have high fevers that do ... Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children / * Introduction to Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children ... Introduction to Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children By Christopher P. Raab , MD, Sidney Kimmel Medical ...
This program is intended for pediatric registered dietitians and clinicians who specialize in pediatric endocrine disorders. ... Discuss emerging topics related to the medical and nutrition management in children with endocrine disorders. ... Leah provides nutritional counseling for children with multiple endocrine disorders and has a special interest in children with ... Rady Childrens Hospital. Vanessa received her MPH from Loma Linda University in Nutrition in 2004 and has worked at Rady ...
16. Maternal, Infant, and Child Health. 17. Medical Product Safety. 18. Mental Health and Mental Disorders. 19. Nutrition. 20. ...
Cancer & Blood Disorders * Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery * Clinical Nutrition * Critical Care * Dentistry * Dermatology ... In the 2022-23 U.S. News & World Report rankings of the Best Childrens Hospitals, Lurie Childrens continues to be the top ... Specific treatment will be determined by your childs physician based on the following:. *Your childs age, overall health and ... Lurie Childrens complies with applicable federal civil rights laws and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ...
Diagnostic Experiences of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - Featured Topics from the National Center for ... Diet & Nutrition (19) *disability (3) *disability (1) *Division of Health Care Statistics (11) ... Diagnostic Experiences of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Posted on September 4, 2015. by NCHS ... The median age at which children with ADHD were first diagnosed with the disorder was 7 years; one-third were diagnosed before ...
The remaining few are grappling with eating disorders because of Yales new nutrition information labels anyway. ... Remember the trendy kids at the lunch table in junior high? I was never one, probably because I wore pink sweatpants, but my ... lifetime of social marginality helped me quickly identify the new cool-Yale-kid pastime: sharing grief. The beauty of this is ...
If you suspect your young athlete has or is developing an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia, here are the warning ... Home » Nutrition Channel » Disordered Eating Center » Anorexia & Bulimia » Eating Disorders: Signs and Symptoms ... Youth athletes attempting to lose weight and body fat, or gain weight and muscle mass, may resort to unhealthy weight-control ... High Incidence of Disordered Eating in Female Gymnastics. *Eating Disorders Affect More Than Half Million Teens, New Study Says ...
  • This indicator reflects the percentage of school-age children and adolescents aged 5-19 years who are classified as overweight, based on age- and sex-specific values for body mass index (BMI). (who.int)
  • Overweight in school-age children and adolescents aged 5-19 years is included as an intermediate outcome indicator in the core set of indicators for the Global nutrition monitoring framework . (who.int)
  • The immediate consequences of overweight and obesity in school-age children and adolescents include a greater risk of asthma and cognitive impairment, in addition to the social and economic consequences for the child, for the child's family and for society. (who.int)
  • Providers in our Eating Disorders Recovery Program have expert training in the treatment of children and adolescents with eating disorders. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • We treat a wide range of children and adolescents dealing with these conditions. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Majority of her career she worked as a Clinical Dietitian specializing in counseling children and adolescents with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, Obesity, Prader-Willi Syndrome and Celiac disease. (choc.org)
  • Weight control is seen as advantageous in numerous sports children and adolescents play. (momsteam.com)
  • Prevalence and Correlates of Eating Disorders in Adolescents. (momsteam.com)
  • The same surveys report that 30% to 40% of children suffer from stunting (chronic malnutrition), 10% of children suffer from emaciation or wasting (acute malnutrition), 50% of children under 5 years of age and 60% of pregnant women have iron deficiency anaemia, 10% to 40% of adolescents have iodine deficiency (goitre) and 25% of children under 5 years have vitamin A deficiency. (who.int)
  • However, studies in children and adolescents are inconclusive. (bvsalud.org)
  • According to one 2014 research review of gastrointestinal problems and autism, autistic children are more likely to have gastrointestinal issues than their neurotypical peers. (healthline.com)
  • It has long been known by parents (and many health professionals), that children with autism have higher prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) issues. (nourishinghope.com)
  • Ask any parent of a child with autism, and they will likely tell you that. (nourishinghope.com)
  • Hooray, another scientific study that validates what autism parents and biomedical autism practitioners have known for years: that children with autism have higher rates of medical conditions. (nourishinghope.com)
  • Digestive issues are common in autism spectrum disorders, and fermented foods are a helpful dietary component for supporting and balancing the digestive system. (nourishinghope.com)
  • Toxic chemicals-including the ones found in everyday products-are increasing children's risk for neurodevelopmental disorders like autism and attention deficit disorder. (alleghenyfront.org)
  • More than 40 years after the official recognition of infantile autism in DSM-III, numerous questions remain about autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-its possible causes, assessment, and most effective treatments. (appi.org)
  • This second edition of the Textbook of Autism Spectrum Disorders features contributions from dozens of experts as it reviews the latest research on these topics and more. (appi.org)
  • She is a Certified Clinical Nutritionist, with over a decade of experience working with nutrition in children with autism and related disorders. (autism.org)
  • Mothers who receive periodontal treatment during pregnancy may reduce the odds of their children developing autism spectrum disorders (ASD), according to a new study. (autism.org)
  • Gender diversity is more common among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) than among their neurotypical peers, according to a new study. (autism.org)
  • Sleep problems are common in infants who later develop autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and are associated with an abnormal growth trajectory of the hippocampus, a new study reports. (autism.org)
  • Nutrition, BMI and motor competence in children with autism spectrum disorder. (bvsalud.org)
  • Feto-maternal nutrition and low birth weight. (who.int)
  • and inappropriate practices for maternal or child care. (who.int)
  • Malnutrition is a serious concern in Zambia, where roughly half of all deaths among children under five are attributed to maternal and child undernutrition. (air.org)
  • The program targets households with pregnant women or children under 24 months and includes a package of activities that focuses on maternal and child nutrition and health. (air.org)
  • Quasi-experimental evaluation to determine the impact of BRAC's Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Program in Bangladesh. (air.org)
  • The common factors associated with childhood undernutrition for male and female children were the child's age, perceived size of the child at birth, breastfeeding status, maternal stature, maternal education, toilet facility, wealth index, and place of residence. (bvsalud.org)
  • Our Adolescent Medicine team and registered dietitians provide medical oversight and nutrition counseling for your child, and we partner with your child's mental health provider. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • This program is intended for pediatric registered dietitians and clinicians who specialize in pediatric endocrine disorders. (choc.org)
  • As dietitians specializing in sports nutrition, we can help you get back to the field in optimal health and maximum energy. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Our registered dietitians, specifically trained in pediatric nutrition, can assess and treat nutritional issues in children of all ages. (bannerhealth.com)
  • Black pigment stones are commonly formed in hemolytic disorders and can also develop with parenteral nutrition. (hpathy.com)
  • The program specializes in outpatient planning, follow-up and monitoring of children with complex enteral and parenteral nutrition needs. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? (nutrition-children.com)
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can impair children's learning. (nutrition-children.com)
  • A new NCHS report describes the diagnostic experiences of a sample of children in the United States diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as of 2011-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • No matter how you look at it, the only way to tackle the problem of childhood obesity as well as eating disorders in children is to reintroduce wholesome, real foods such as whole raw dairy, meat and eggs into our homes again. (nutritionheretic.com)
  • In the long term, overweight and obesity in children increase the risk of health problems later in life, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, some cancers, respiratory disease, mental health and reproductive disorders. (who.int)
  • Obesity is a complex problem that requires a strong call for action, at many levels, for both adults as well as children. (cdc.gov)
  • Milk may be a good alternative to sugary drinks with regard to weight management among young obesity-predisposed children. (cambridge.org)
  • The experts at the CHOC Neuroscience Institute provide world-class care for kids with cerebrovascular disorders, from diagnosis to treatment. (choc.org)
  • Prenatal and postnatal mental disorders can exert severe adverse influences on mothers, fetuses, and children. (frontiersin.org)
  • The prevalence rates of mental disorders among pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic were high. (frontiersin.org)
  • Meeting the mental health needs of pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic is a growing concern and a serious issue because a large body of robust evidence suggests that prenatal and postnatal mental disorders induce severe adverse influences on mothers, fetuses, and children. (frontiersin.org)
  • Acute diarrhea : its nutritional consequences in children / editor, Joseph A. Bellanti. (who.int)
  • The Nutrition Screening Tool for Every Preschooler (NutriSTEP®) is a validated, parent-administered questionnaire designed to identify preschool children at nutritional risk. (nih.gov)
  • Our Adolescent Medicine providers diagnose and treat eating disorders in people ages 10 through 21 with a focus on medical and nutritional concerns. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Nutrition plays a direct or indirect role in the causes, treatment, and/or management of many chronic disorders and diseases, yet nutritional and dietary intervention is often left solely to paramedical staff. (routledge.com)
  • Written largely by physicians experienced in treating patients with chronic diseases, Nutritional Aspects and Clinical Management of Chronic Disorders and Diseases addresses the nutritional aspects and components of certain diseases and translates research findings and clinical experience into practical treatment recommendations. (routledge.com)
  • The book focuses on chronic illnesses that can be alleviated by nutritional support and intervention as part of the overall medical approach - from eating disorders and alcoholism to cancer, HIV, and AIDS. (routledge.com)
  • Nutritional Aspects and Clinical Management of Chronic Disorders and Diseases provides a ready reference for making nutritional support and intervention a regular part of treatment. (routledge.com)
  • Nutritional Support in Children. (routledge.com)
  • Nutritional Management of Metabolic Disorders. (routledge.com)
  • Nutritional Support and Management of Renal Disorders. (routledge.com)
  • The goal of this project is to identify the mechanisms that regulate the diminished growth and altered metabolic responses to nutrition in premature and low birth weight infants and to develop new nutritional strategies to optimize their growth and development. (bcm.edu)
  • Students in these degree programs use science-based techniques to identify, treat and prevent disorders through nutritional therapy. (adelphi.edu)
  • At Banner Children's at Desert, our outpatient nutrition program offers individualized nutritional counseling for pediatric patients and their families to create a healthy life plan with food and nutrition. (bannerhealth.com)
  • Data gathered on infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age across 11 countries have demonstrated a positive association between dietary variety and nutritional status. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • 11 In addition, caregivers may not realize that many commercial products marketed for children, such as sweetened drinks, may satisfy hunger or thirst, but provide minimal nutritional benefits. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Developed by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Foundation, the Kids Eat Right campaign is dedicated to promoting a healthful today and tomorrow for children and families. (eatright.org)
  • The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' network of credentialed food and nutrition practitioners are ready to help! (eatright.org)
  • Despite the prevalence and being considered the mental disorder with the highest mortality rate, eating disorders are commonly not addressed as a public health issue and are referred to more as a fad. (umich.edu)
  • Plus, learn about the latest nutrition trends and how mental health is connected to physical health. (eatright.org)
  • The Committee also reviewed WHO resolutions and UNICEF decisions that had been adopted since the special session of JCHP in May 1996, and that are relevant to the improvement of the health status of women and children. (who.int)
  • However, nationally representative data on the prevalence, risk factors and health consequences of VA deficiency among school-aged children are lacking within the region and globally, representing a future public health research priority. (nih.gov)
  • Physicians considered nutrition screening of preschoolers important, and felt that health centres were the best location for screening. (nih.gov)
  • What are the current states of indicators contributing to a comprehensive view of nutrition for health and development in Guatemala? (who.int)
  • We provide medical, nutrition and mental health care in several formats to meet families' needs. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Eating disorders are closely tied to a young person's physical and mental health. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Families come to our Eating Disorders Recovery Program for medical and nutrition concerns, mental health concerns or both. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • To make sure your child gets comprehensive care, we also work with their providers outside of Seattle Children's, such as a primary care provider or mental health therapist. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Whichever path your child starts on, we will consider their overall health to connect them with comprehensive services to meet their needs. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • assessment by a child health or nutrition specialist. (humanrights.gov.au)
  • Children with ADHD were diagnosed by a wide variety of health care providers, including primary care physicians and specialists. (cdc.gov)
  • Youth athletes attempting to lose weight and body fat, or gain weight and muscle mass, may resort to unhealthy weight-control practices which can be potentially harmful to their performance and/or their health and lead to eating disorders. (momsteam.com)
  • Research on nutrition affecting the health of offspring has mainly focused on mothers. (usu.edu)
  • A newly funded National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant of more than $1.5 million will support Utah State University researchers' study of the less-understood role of father's nutrition in infant health. (usu.edu)
  • According to the United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition,3 the primary health care (PHC) strategy and large-scale community-based nutrition programmes were primarily responsible for progress in nutrition during the 1980s. (who.int)
  • So, if mealtime is a source of stress for your autistic child, you may want to talk to their doctor about possible related health issues. (healthline.com)
  • Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health. (routledge.com)
  • Diet and nutrition are essential for good health, and this is especially true for digestive health. (nourishinghope.com)
  • Developmental programming occurs when nutrition and other environmental exposures affect prenatal or early postnatal development, causing structural or functional changes that persist to influence health throughout life. (bcm.edu)
  • To assess the effects of the bundled nutrition interventions on food security, health, and nutrition outcomes. (air.org)
  • Since 2001, AIR has been working in Zambia, conducting multi-method impact and process evaluations across many sectors such as health, WASH, social protection, early childhood development, nutrition, and education. (air.org)
  • Some programs allow specialization in an area such as sports nutrition, public health or corporate wellness. (adelphi.edu)
  • The Next Step Clinic provides clinical services for children, youth, and families who have graduated from the Growing Healthy Weight Management Program, and require ongoing monitoring or management of their cardiometabolic health. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • The Exercise Medicine Clinic uses exercise testing and physical activity counselling to enhance the care of children with chronic health conditions. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • Kelly Barnhill, MBA, CN, CCN , is the Director of the Nutrition Clinic at The Johnson Center for Child Health and Development. (autism.org)
  • The prevalence of disorders of taste and smell in the US general population has been estimated from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 protocol. (medscape.com)
  • METHODS: The study used a dataset of more than 33,564 children aged under 5 years (boys: 17,078 and girls: 16,486) who were included in the nationally representative Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) from 2000 to 2016. (bvsalud.org)
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (cdc.gov)
  • The Children's Nutrition Center in the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center offers an interdisciplinary group of clinicians committed to delivering optimal care and education in nutrition for healthy and ill children alike. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • We work closely with your child and other members of your child's healthcare team to create care plans that work for your family. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The provider reviews your child's medical history, symptoms, test results, exam findings and any other details from the PCP who referred your child. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • For approximately one out of five children (18.1%), only family members provided information to the child's doctor during the ADHD assessment. (cdc.gov)
  • Seattle Children's Eating Disorders Recovery Program diagnoses and treats children and teens with anorexia nervosa , bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders . (seattlechildrens.org)
  • A new government study 1 reports that more than half a million teens have had an eating disorder, most commonly in the form of binge eating disorder and bulimia, and that most go untreated. (momsteam.com)
  • Identify potential complications and discuss the unique nutrition interventions used in management of athletes with diabetes. (choc.org)
  • Identify behavioral components of patients with Prader Willi Syndrome, and learn strategies to improve the success of nutrition interventions. (choc.org)
  • Explore our articles on diet and nutrition intervention for digestive disorders and improving digestive symptoms. (nourishinghope.com)
  • More than 60 percent of those affected are infants or children. (meadjohnson.com)
  • Fever in Infants and Children Normal body temperature varies from person to person and throughout the day (it is typically highest in the afternoon). (merckmanuals.com)
  • The journal serves as a global platform to share the latest news about our company, along with our perspective on developments and insights on breaking news related to children's nutrition. (meadjohnson.com)
  • Why choose Seattle Children's for eating disorder treatment? (seattlechildrens.org)
  • At Seattle Children's, your child will have a group of caring professionals alongside them, from diagnosis through treatment and follow-up. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • We can also help you find a therapist, either at Seattle Children's or in the community, who has experience treating eating disorders. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Emme, a Seattle Children's Eating Disorders Recovery Program patient, shares her "lifelong journey" to recovery and the lessons learned along the way. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The Children's Exercise and Nutrition Centre (CENC) provides consultation, education, medical care, and support for physical activity, nutrition, and lifestyle changes to promote healthy behaviours for our patients and their families and caregivers. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • The Children's Exercise and Nutrition Centre offers several programs. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • Gain insight into disordered eating in patients with diabetes, and learn how to improve disease and nutrition management. (choc.org)
  • As an expert in pediatric endocrinology, Dr. Forghani has given numerous lectures and published research on a variety of endocrine topics including growth disorders, diabetes and vitamin D. She has been on staff at CHOC since 2009. (choc.org)
  • Jill Nowak is a Registered Dietitian, Certified Diabetes Educator and Certified Lactation Education Counselor with over 20 years of experience working in the field of nutrition. (choc.org)
  • She also runs a support group for kids living with both Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Disease. (choc.org)
  • There are several options to help your child recover from an eating disorder. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Family members can play a key role in helping their child recover from an eating disorder and return to a healthy weight. (kidshealth.org)
  • It is a 1-time, 90-minute telehealth visit for you and your adolescent or teen who has signs or symptoms that may be from an eating disorder. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • When concussion symptoms remain for more than a month, CHOC rehabilitation team is ready to get kids and teens back to their previous lifestyle. (choc.org)
  • Large numbers of Zambian children suffer from nutrition-related disorders such as low birth weight, wasting, being underweight, chronic malnutrition, and various nutrient deficiencies. (air.org)
  • Failure to Thrive in Children Failure to thrive is a delay in weight gain and physical growth that can lead to delays in development and maturation. (merckmanuals.com)
  • But with children, especially during prenatal development, the brain develops very rapidly. (alleghenyfront.org)
  • Importantly, nutrition during prenatal and early postnatal development can induce epigenetic changes that persist to adulthood. (bcm.edu)
  • Nutrition, development and social behavior : proceedings of the Conference on the Assessment of Tests of Behavior from Studies of Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere / edited by David J. Kallen. (who.int)
  • Based on that assessment, they create a personalized treatment plan to help your child get the nutrition they need! (bannerhealth.com)
  • Economic and geographical factors influencing child malnutrition : a study from the Southern Highlands, Tanzania / by Oddvar Jakobsen. (who.int)
  • Geo-ecology of malnutrition : a study of the Haryana children / Surinder K. Aggarwal. (who.int)
  • For example, the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics plans to make a graduate degree part of its certification requirements starting in 2024. (adelphi.edu)
  • I was about 8 or 9 years old the first time someone ever accused me of having an eating disorder. (umich.edu)
  • I learned about eating disorders in my classes. (umich.edu)
  • Although the prevalence in females is higher than males, eating disorders impact all genders and people of all ages. (umich.edu)
  • Experts claim that the prevention starts with us stop thinking of eating disorders as simplistic issues or that people are just doing it for attention. (umich.edu)
  • Eating disorders in children are on the rise. (nutritionheretic.com)
  • It is a shame that eating disorders aside, many of these children will not outlive their parents. (nutritionheretic.com)
  • What is the Eating Disorders Recovery Program? (seattlechildrens.org)
  • People of all sizes and genders from all cultures and backgrounds can have an eating disorder. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Eating disorder telehealth (virtual) consultation - This is the starting point for outpatient medical and nutrition care. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The remaining few are grappling with eating disorders because of Yale's new nutrition information labels anyway. (yaledailynews.com)
  • Anorexia is an eating disorder . (kidshealth.org)
  • Learn more about what an eating disorder is, how it's treated, and ways parents can support their child on the path to recovery. (kidshealth.org)
  • If a doctor thinks a child or teen might have anorexia, they'll do an exam, take a medical history, and ask about eating, exercise habits, and emotional issues. (kidshealth.org)
  • People with eating disorders often try to hide their behaviors. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sometimes when you're a working chef, your kids are eating two-minute. (whereparentstalk.com)
  • If mealtime has become a source of conflict, helping your child reduce their stress before a meal may encourage them to become more accepting of sitting and eating. (healthline.com)
  • If your child is often uncomfortable when eating, this may lead to outbursts and stress. (healthline.com)
  • As children transition to the family diet, recommendations address not only food, but also the eating context. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Caregivers who are inexperienced or stressed, and those who have poor eating habits themselves, may be most in need of assistance to facilitate healthy, nutritious mealtime behaviour with their children. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Problems associated with eating occur in 25% to 45% of all children, particularly when children are acquiring new skills and are challenged with new foods or mealtime expectations. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • When these characteristics are applied to eating behaviours, children may be neophobic (hesitant to try new foods) and insist on a limited repertoire of foods, 8 leading them to be described as picky eaters. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • 9 Children with persistent eating problems whose caregivers do not seek professional advice until the problems become severe, may be at risk for growth or behaviour problems. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • At the family level, children of caregivers who model healthy food intakes are likely to consume more fruits and vegetables than children of caregiver who do not, whereas children of caregivers who model less healthy, snack food intakes are likely to establish patterns of eating behaviours and food preferences that include excess amounts of fat and sugar. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • People with anorexia are more likely to have anxiety , obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) , or depression . (kidshealth.org)
  • If you think your child might have anorexia, talk to your doctor right away. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most kids and teens with anorexia can be treated at home, but some will need to go to a more intensive day or residential treatment program. (kidshealth.org)
  • With the right treatment and support, kids and teens with anorexia can make a full recovery. (kidshealth.org)
  • The Pediatric Lipid Clinic sees clients with disorders in lipid metabolism (abnormal cholesterol levels), many of whom have family histories of cholesterol disorders and premature coronary artery disease. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • In an effort to address this, the National Food and Nutrition Commission (NFNC), in coordination with several donors including the UK's Department for International Development (DfID), developed a three-year bundled, multi-sector program called The First 1000 Most Critical Days (MCDP) in order to address Zambia's child undernutrition. (air.org)
  • Gender-specific multilevel analyses were used to examine and compare the factors associated with child undernutrition. (bvsalud.org)
  • When children refuse nutritious foods such as fruits or vegetables, mealtimes can become stressful or confrontational, and children may be denied both the nutrients they require and healthy, responsive interactions with caregivers. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • RDs In Practice is an educational program aimed at advancing clinical knowledge and ideas in specialty areas of pediatric nutrition. (choc.org)
  • Among children of the same age and sex, overweight is defined on CDC growth charts as a BMI at or above the 85th percentile and lower than the 95th percentile. (cdc.gov)
  • The Growing Healthy Weight Management Program provides clinical services for children, youth, and families who are overweight or obese. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • Secondary analysis of the Healthy Start Study, a 1·5-year randomised controlled trial designed to prevent overweight among Danish children aged 2−6 years ( n 366), was carried out. (cambridge.org)
  • The results of this study suggest that sugary drink consumption was associated with body weight gain among young children with high predisposition for future overweight. (cambridge.org)
  • About 17% of soldiers are considered obese, and this impacts readiness because being overweight increases the risk of musculoskeletal injuries by putting extra strain on the body, according to Army 1st Lt. Cara Adams, a registered dietitian and the chief of outpatient nutrition at General Leonard Wood Army Community Hospital in Missouri. (health.mil)
  • Normal body temperature is higher in preschool-aged children and highest. (merckmanuals.com)
  • ABSTRACT This study aimed at establishing updated data on iodine nutrition among schoolchildren in Saudi Arabia. (who.int)
  • Iodine deficiency disorder prevention and control by 7 strategies including Policy advocacy, Universal salt iodization, iodine nutrition surveillance, additional measures, capacity building. (who.int)
  • CHOC provides high-quality pulmonary function tests for kids, is one of very few pediatric labs to have achieved American Thoracic Society Accreditation. (choc.org)
  • Vitamin A, iodine and iron deficiencies occur especially among children under 5 years, children 6-9 years of age and women of reproductive age. (who.int)
  • In severe cases, a limited diet can result in nutrition deficiencies, poor growth rate, or weight loss. (healthline.com)
  • A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The primary method of treatment for children with lipid disorders includes diet and exercise and may include lipid-lowering medications in some children. (hamiltonhealthsciences.ca)
  • By the end of the first year of life, children can sit independently, can chew and swallow a range of textures, are learning to feed themselves and are making the transition to the family diet and meal patterns. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Among adults, 4.5% to 40.6% of women of childbearing age are underweight, and the highest rates for under-nutrition are in displaced persons, including refugees. (who.int)
  • The complications of Cholelithiasis in children are similar to those in adults. (hpathy.com)
  • A 2020 research review of five small clinical trials found that social and behavioral scores improved in autistic children and adults who received sulforaphane supplements. (healthline.com)
  • The Rehabilitation Services Department at CHOC provides orthopaedic and sports-related physical therapy for children and young adults. (choc.org)
  • In neonates, this area is a dense neural sheet, but, in children and adults, the respiratory and olfactory tissues interdigitate. (medscape.com)
  • With more and more parents switching to unhealthy extreme diets such as vegan, macrobiotic, low fat and raw food, what hope do our children have to develop a normal relationship with real food? (nutritionheretic.com)
  • A few minutes in the kitchen each day will teach our children to respect food and the beautiful body it creates for them. (nutritionheretic.com)
  • Most fast-food places post nutrition facts on their websites so you can make healthy decisions before you go. (kidshealth.org)
  • 3. In an effort to stem the decline in food security and nutrition, there were several global and regional initiatives to guide and mobilize countries. (who.int)
  • Some older estimates show that between 46 and 89 percent of these children have food selectivity. (healthline.com)
  • No, you don't need to start a food fight - but you may be able to motivate your autistic child to try new foods by encouraging them to play. (healthline.com)
  • The idea is to have your child engage with the food as much as possible. (healthline.com)
  • This could also include your child helping with food prep. (healthline.com)
  • Exposing your child to cooking the food may encourage them to try the meal they're making. (healthline.com)
  • Instead of focusing on negative or disruptive behaviors, focus instead on trying to engage your child in conversations about the food. (healthline.com)
  • Try praising your child for sitting nicely, trying a new food, or other positive behaviors you see them doing instead of focusing on negative behaviors. (healthline.com)
  • Food Intake Management in Patients with Psychiatric Disorders. (routledge.com)
  • Through the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program, the USDA provides support to low-income, food-deficit countries around the globe to reduce hunger and improve literacy and primary education, especially for girls. (air.org)
  • A master's in clinical nutrition program centers on the relationship between food and disease, principally in healthcare and disease research settings. (adelphi.edu)
  • Clinically significant dumping syndrome occurs in approximately 10% of patients after any type of gastric surgery and in up to 50% of patients after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. (medscape.com)
  • They acknowledge that, while many risk factors play into a person's chances of developing a disease, nutrition is a key area where patients have control. (adelphi.edu)
  • The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of sugary drink consumption and its substitution with alternative beverages with body weight gain among young children predisposed to future weight gain. (cambridge.org)
  • https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/policies/global_nut_policyrev. (who.int)
  • 2019 ( https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/UNICEF-WHOlowbirthweight-estimates-2019/en/ ). (who.int)
  • Since people first began to understand the prevalence of these disorders in the 1980s, it was thought that they were on the decline. (nutritionheretic.com)
  • Below is the first post in what will be a continuing series of brief articles compiled by the Mead Johnson research team about common topics in infant nutrition. (meadjohnson.com)
  • 4 WHO/AFRO, Status of infant and young child feeding in sub-Saharan Africa, Brazzaville, Regional Office for Africa, 2001. (who.int)
  • Young children also spend a lot of time on the floor and put their hands in their mouths, and a number of these chemical and pollutants settle into household dust. (alleghenyfront.org)
  • With a focus on healthful ingredients that offer nutrition and dietary variety, these recipes are developed by registered dietitian nutritionists and show how easy it can be to prepare and serve healthful foods for any meal occasion. (eatright.org)
  • So what role do chemicals and environmental toxins play in children developing these disorders? (alleghenyfront.org)