The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
'Reading' in a medical context often refers to the act or process of a person interpreting and comprehending written or printed symbols, such as letters or words, for the purpose of deriving information or meaning from them.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
The artificial language of schizophrenic patients - neologisms (words of the patient's own making with new meanings).
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.

Mandarin and English single word processing studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging. (1/279)

The cortical organization of language in bilinguals remains disputed. We studied 24 right-handed fluent bilinguals: 15 exposed to both Mandarin and English before the age of 6 years; and nine exposed to Mandarin in early childhood but English only after the age of 12 years. Blood oxygen level-dependent contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed while subjects performed cued word generation in each language. Fixation was the control task. In both languages, activations were present in the prefrontal, temporal, and parietal regions, and the supplementary motor area. Activations in the prefrontal region were compared by (1) locating peak activations and (2) counting the number of voxels that exceeded a statistical threshold. Although there were differences in the magnitude of activation between the pair of languages, no subject showed significant differences in peak-location or hemispheric asymmetry of activations in the prefrontal language areas. Early and late bilinguals showed a similar pattern of overlapping activations. There are no significant differences in the cortical areas activated for both Mandarin and English at the single word level, irrespective of age of acquisition of either language.  (+info)

Child outcomes when child care center classes meet recommended standards for quality. NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (2/279)

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed outcomes for children when child care centers meet recommended care standards. METHODS: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used to examine the association between meeting standards for child-staff ratios, group sizes, caregiver training, and caregiver education and children's development at 24 and 36 months of age. RESULTS: There were 5 major findings: (1) most classes observed did not meet all 4 recommended standards (compliance ranged from 10% at 6 months of age to 34% at 36 months of age); (2) linear associations were found between number of standards met and child outcomes, and this was more the case at 36 months than at 24 months of age: (3) there was no evidence of threshold effects; (4) children in classes that met more standards had better school readiness and language comprehension scores as well as fewer behavior problems at 36 months of age; and (5) child outcomes were predicted by child-staff ratio at 24 months and caregiver training and education at 36 months of age. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes were better when children attended classes that met recommended child-staff ratios and recommended levels of caregiver training and education.  (+info)

Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. (3/279)

BACKGROUND: When thyroid deficiency occurs simultaneously in a pregnant woman and her fetus, the child's neuropsychological development is adversely affected. Whether developmental problems occur when only the mother has hypothyroidism during pregnancy is not known. METHODS: In 1996 and 1997, we measured thyrotropin in stored serum samples collected from 25,216 pregnant women between January 1987 and March 1990. We then located 47 women with serum thyrotropin concentrations at or above the 99.7th percentile of the values for all the pregnant women, 15 women with values between the 98th and 99.6th percentiles, inclusive, in combination with low thyroxine levels, and 124 matched women with normal values. Their seven-to-nine-year-old children, none of whom had hypothyroidism as newborns, underwent 15 tests relating to intelligence, attention, language, reading ability, school performance, and visual-motor performance. RESULTS: The children of the 62 women with high serum thyrotropin concentrations performed slightly less well on all 15 tests. Their full-scale IQ scores on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, third edition, averaged 4 points lower than those of the children of the 124 matched control women (P= 0.06); 15 percent had scores of 85 or less, as compared with 5 percent of the matched control children. Of the 62 women with thyroid deficiency, 48 were not treated for the condition during the pregnancy under study. The full-scale IQ scores of their children averaged 7 points lower than those of the 124 matched control children (P=0.005); 19 percent had scores of 85 or less. Eleven years after the pregnancy under study, 64 percent of the untreated women and 4 percent of the matched control women had confirmed hypothyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: Undiagnosed hypothyroidism in pregnant women may adversely affect their fetuses; therefore, screening for thyroid deficiency during pregnancy may be warranted.  (+info)

Effect of early or delayed insertion of tympanostomy tubes for persistent otitis media on developmental outcomes at the age of three years. (4/279)

BACKGROUND: A main indication for the insertion of tympanostomy tubes in infants and young children is persistent otitis media with effusion, reflecting concern that this condition may cause lasting impairments of speech, language, cognitive, and psychosocial development. However, evidence of such relations is inconclusive, and evidence is lacking that the insertion of tympanostomy tubes prevents developmental impairment. METHODS: We enrolled 6350 healthy infants from 2 to 61 days of age and evaluated them regularly for middle-ear effusion. Before the age of three years 429 children with persistent effusion were randomly assigned to have tympanostomy tubes inserted either as soon as possible or up to nine months later if effusion persisted. In 402 of these children we assessed speech, language, cognition, and psychosocial development at the age of three years. RESULTS: By the age of three years, 169 children in the early-treatment group (82 percent) and 66 children in the late-treatment group (34 percent) had received tympanostomy tubes. There were no significant differences between the early-treatment group and the late-treatment group at the age of three years in the mean (+/-SD) scores on the Number of Different Words test, a measure of word diversity (124+/-32 and 126+/-30, respectively); the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised test, a measure of speech-sound production (85+/-7 vs. 86+/-7); the General Cognitive Index of McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (99+/-14 vs. 101+/-13); or on measures of receptive language, sentence length, grammatical complexity, parent-child stress, and behavior. CONCLUSIONS: In children younger than three years of age who have persistent otitis media, prompt insertion of tympanostomy tubes does not measurably improve developmental outcomes at the age of three years.  (+info)

Signing and lexical development in children with Down syndrome. (5/279)

Language development in children with Down syndrome is delayed, on average, relative to general cognitive, motor and social development, and there is also evidence for specific delays in morphology and syntax, with many adults showing persistent problems in these areas. It appears that the combined use of signed and spoken input can boost early language development significantly, this evidence coming initially from single case-studies, and more recently from larger scale controlled studies. Research with typically developing hearing and deaf children, as well as children with Down syndrome, has demonstrated the importance of establishing joint attention for vocabulary development. Furthermore, studies carried out with children with Down syndrome indicate that reducing attentional demands may be especially important in scaffolding language development in this group. The use of signing strategies which have been found to facilitate language development in deaf children when signing to children with Down syndrome is discussed, as is the need for further research on this topic and on the importance of joint attention for the use of other augmentative and alternative communication systems, such as graphic symbol and picture systems.  (+info)

Exposure to Reach Out and Read and vocabulary outcomes in inner city preschoolers. (6/279)

To examine the association between exposure to Reach Out and Read and vocabulary outcomes in children, a consecutive sample of 200 parent/child pairs was studied at two inner-city health centers. Children at clinic A were exposed to Reach Out and Read, a clinic-based literacy intervention, for 3 years at the time of the study; children at clinic B were unexposed. Main outcome measures were the "Expressive and Receptive One Word Picture Vocabulary Tests" to measure vocabulary in the children and the "Home Literacy Orientation" scale and "READ" subscale of the STIMQ, to measure book-sharing activities. A total of 200 subjects participated, and the mean age of children was 3.8 years. Demographic characteristics were comparable for both clinics at baseline. Exposed children scored higher on receptive vocabulary (81.5 vs. 74.3; p = 0.005). They also scored higher on both the Home Literacy Orientation scale (4.3 vs. 3.3; p = 0.002) and the STIMQ-READ (12.6 vs. 11.0; p = 0.056). There were no differences in expressive vocabulary scores between the two sites (79.5 vs. 77.5; p = 0.26). In conclusion, we found a positive association between exposure to Reach Out and Read and better receptive vocabulary scores. We also found higher scores for Reach Out and Read-exposed children on measures of home reading activities.  (+info)

Methods for characterizing participants' nonmainstream dialect use in child language research. (7/279)

Three different approaches to the characterization of research participants' nonmainstream dialect use can be found in the literature. They include listener judgment ratings, type-based counts of nonmainstream pattern use, and token-based counts. In this paper, we examined these three approaches, as well as shortcuts to these methods, using language samples from 93 children previously described in J. Oetting and J. McDonald (2001). Nonmainstream dialects represented in the samples included rural Louisiana versions of Southern White English (SWE) and Southern African American English (SAAE). Depending on the method and shortcut used, correct dialect classifications (SWE or SAAE) were made for 88% to 97% of the participants; however, regression algorithms had to be applied to the type- and token-based results to achieve these outcomes. For characterizing the rate at which the participants produced the nonmainstream patterns, the token-based methods were found to be superior to the others, but estimates from all approaches were moderately to highly correlated with each other. When type- and/or token-based methods were used to characterize participants' dialect type and rate, the number of patterns included in the analyses could be substantially reduced without significantly affecting the validity of the outcomes. These findings have important implications for future child language studies that are done within the context of dialect diversity.  (+info)

An infant-based assessment of early lexicon acquisition. (8/279)

The majority of research on the acquisition of spoken language has focused on language production, due to difficulties in the assessment of comprehension. A primary limitation to comprehension assessment is maintaining the interest and attention of younger infants. We have developed an assessment procedure that addresses the need for an extensive performance-based measure of comprehension in the 2nd year of life. In the interest of developing an engaging approach that takes into account infants' limited attention capabilities, we designed an assessment based on touchscreen technology. This approach builds upon prior research by combining standardization and complexity with an engaging infant-friendly interface. Data suggest that the touchscreen procedure is effective in eliciting and maintaining infant attention and will yield more extensive and reliable estimates of early comprehension than do other procedures. The software to implement the assessment is available free of charge for academic purposes.  (+info)

Child language refers to the development of linguistic abilities in children, including both receptive and expressive communication. This includes the acquisition of various components of language such as phonology (sound system), morphology (word structure), syntax (sentence structure), semantics (meaning), and pragmatics (social use of language).

Child language development typically follows a predictable sequence, beginning with cooing and babbling in infancy, followed by the use of single words and simple phrases in early childhood. Over time, children acquire more complex linguistic structures and expand their vocabulary to communicate more effectively. However, individual differences in the rate and pace of language development are common.

Clinical professionals such as speech-language pathologists may assess and diagnose children with language disorders or delays in order to provide appropriate interventions and support for typical language development.

Language development refers to the process by which children acquire the ability to understand and communicate through spoken, written, or signed language. This complex process involves various components including phonology (sound system), semantics (meaning of words and sentences), syntax (sentence structure), and pragmatics (social use of language). Language development begins in infancy with cooing and babbling and continues through early childhood and beyond, with most children developing basic conversational skills by the age of 4-5 years. However, language development can continue into adolescence and even adulthood as individuals learn new languages or acquire more advanced linguistic skills. Factors that can influence language development include genetics, environment, cognition, and social interactions.

Language development disorders, also known as language impairments or communication disorders, refer to a group of conditions that affect an individual's ability to understand and/or use spoken or written language in a typical manner. These disorders can manifest as difficulties with grammar, vocabulary, sentence structure, word finding, following directions, and/or conversational skills.

Language development disorders can be receptive (difficulty understanding language), expressive (difficulty using language to communicate), or mixed (a combination of both). They can occur in isolation or as part of a broader neurodevelopmental disorder, such as autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability.

The causes of language development disorders are varied and may include genetic factors, environmental influences, neurological conditions, hearing loss, or other medical conditions. It is important to note that language development disorders are not the result of low intelligence or lack of motivation; rather, they reflect a specific impairment in the brain's language processing systems.

Early identification and intervention for language development disorders can significantly improve outcomes and help individuals develop effective communication skills. Treatment typically involves speech-language therapy, which may be provided individually or in a group setting, and may involve strategies such as modeling correct language use, practicing targeted language skills, and using visual aids to support comprehension.

A language test is not a medical term per se, but it is commonly used in the field of speech-language pathology, which is a medical discipline. A language test, in this context, refers to an assessment tool used by speech-language pathologists to evaluate an individual's language abilities. These tests typically measure various aspects of language, including vocabulary, grammar, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.

Language tests can be standardized or non-standardized and may be administered individually or in a group setting. The results of these tests help speech-language pathologists diagnose language disorders, develop treatment plans, and monitor progress over time. It is important to note that language testing should be conducted by a qualified professional who has experience in administering and interpreting language assessments.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "vocabulary" is a term related to language and communication, rather than medicine or healthcare. It refers to the words and phrases that a person knows and uses in their communication. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Speech is the vocalized form of communication using sounds and words to express thoughts, ideas, and feelings. It involves the articulation of sounds through the movement of muscles in the mouth, tongue, and throat, which are controlled by nerves. Speech also requires respiratory support, phonation (vocal cord vibration), and prosody (rhythm, stress, and intonation).

Speech is a complex process that develops over time in children, typically beginning with cooing and babbling sounds in infancy and progressing to the use of words and sentences by around 18-24 months. Speech disorders can affect any aspect of this process, including articulation, fluency, voice, and language.

In a medical context, speech is often evaluated and treated by speech-language pathologists who specialize in diagnosing and managing communication disorders.

Language disorders, also known as communication disorders, refer to a group of conditions that affect an individual's ability to understand or produce spoken, written, or other symbolic language. These disorders can be receptive (difficulty understanding language), expressive (difficulty producing language), or mixed (a combination of both).

Language disorders can manifest as difficulties with grammar, vocabulary, sentence structure, and coherence in communication. They can also affect social communication skills such as taking turns in conversation, understanding nonverbal cues, and interpreting tone of voice.

Language disorders can be developmental, meaning they are present from birth or early childhood, or acquired, meaning they develop later in life due to injury, illness, or trauma. Examples of acquired language disorders include aphasia, which can result from stroke or brain injury, and dysarthria, which can result from neurological conditions affecting speech muscles.

Language disorders can have significant impacts on an individual's academic, social, and vocational functioning, making it important to diagnose and treat them as early as possible. Treatment typically involves speech-language therapy to help individuals develop and improve their language skills.

Sign language is not considered a medical term, but it is a visual-manual means of communication used by individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. It combines hand shapes, orientation, and movement of the hands, arms, or body, along with facial expressions and lip patterns. Different sign languages exist in various countries and communities, such as American Sign Language (ASL) and British Sign Language (BSL).

However, I can provide a definition related to medical terminology that involves the use of gestures for communication purposes:

Gesture (in medical context): A bodily action or movement, often used to convey information or communicate. In some medical situations, healthcare professionals may use simple, predefined gestures to elicit responses from patients who have difficulty with verbal communication due to conditions like aphasia, dysarthria, or being in a coma. These gestures can be part of a more comprehensive system called "gesture-based communication" or "nonverbal communication."

For sign language specifically, you may consult resources related to linguistics, special education, or deaf studies for detailed definitions and descriptions.

I'm afraid there seems to be a misunderstanding. Programming languages are a field of study in computer science and are not related to medicine. They are used to create computer programs, through the composition of symbols and words. Some popular programming languages include Python, Java, C++, and JavaScript. If you have any questions about programming or computer science, I'd be happy to try and help answer them!

Language therapy, also known as speech-language therapy, is a type of treatment aimed at improving an individual's communication and swallowing abilities. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or therapists provide this therapy to assess, diagnose, and treat a wide range of communication and swallowing disorders that can occur in people of all ages, from infants to the elderly.

Language therapy may involve working on various skills such as:

1. Expressive language: Improving the ability to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas through verbal, written, or other symbolic systems.
2. Receptive language: Enhancing the understanding of spoken or written language, including following directions and comprehending conversations.
3. Pragmatic or social language: Developing appropriate use of language in various social situations, such as turn-taking, topic maintenance, and making inferences.
4. Articulation and phonology: Correcting speech sound errors and improving overall speech clarity.
5. Voice and fluency: Addressing issues related to voice quality, volume, and pitch, as well as stuttering or stammering.
6. Literacy: Improving reading, writing, and spelling skills.
7. Swallowing: Evaluating and treating swallowing disorders (dysphagia) to ensure safe and efficient eating and drinking.

Language therapy often involves a combination of techniques, including exercises, drills, conversation practice, and the use of various therapeutic materials and technology. The goal of language therapy is to help individuals with communication disorders achieve optimal functional communication and swallowing abilities in their daily lives.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Natural Language Processing" (NLP) is actually a subfield of artificial intelligence that focuses on the interaction between computers and human language. It involves developing algorithms and software to understand, interpret, and generate human language in a valuable way.

In a medical context, NLP can be used to analyze electronic health records, clinical notes, and other forms of medical documentation to extract meaningful information, support clinical decision-making, and improve patient care. For example, NLP can help identify patients at risk for certain conditions, monitor treatment responses, and detect adverse drug events.

However, NLP is not a medical term or concept itself, so it doesn't have a specific medical definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "linguistics" is not a term that has a medical definition. Lingustics is the scientific study of language and its structure. It involves analysing language form, language meaning, and language in context.

If you have any questions related to healthcare or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Language Arts" is not a term used in medical definitions. Language arts is a term commonly used in education to refer to the academic study of reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It encompasses various subjects such as English, literature, grammar, creative writing, and communication skills. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Child welfare is a broad term that refers to the overall well-being and protection of children. It encompasses a range of services and interventions aimed at promoting the physical, emotional, social, and educational development of children, while also protecting them from harm, abuse, and neglect. The medical definition of child welfare may include:

1. Preventive Services: Programs and interventions designed to strengthen families and prevent child maltreatment, such as home visiting programs, parent education classes, and family support services.
2. Protective Services: Interventions that aim to protect children from harm, abuse, or neglect, including investigations of reports of maltreatment, removal of children from dangerous situations, and provision of alternative care arrangements.
3. Family Reunification Services: Efforts to reunite children with their families when it is safe and in the best interest of the child, such as family therapy, parent-child visitation, and case management services.
4. Permanency Planning: The development of long-term plans for children who cannot safely return to their families, including adoption, guardianship, or other permanent living arrangements.
5. Foster Care Services: Provision of temporary care for children who cannot safely remain in their own homes, including placement with foster families, group homes, or residential treatment facilities.
6. Child Health and Development Services: Programs that promote the physical, emotional, and developmental well-being of children, such as health screenings, immunizations, mental health services, and early intervention programs for children with special needs.
7. Advocacy and Policy Development: Efforts to promote policies and practices that support the well-being and protection of children, including advocating for laws and regulations that protect children's rights and ensure their safety and well-being.

Child behavior refers to the actions, reactions, and interactions exhibited by children in response to their environment, experiences, and developmental stage. It is a broad term that encompasses various aspects, including emotional, social, cognitive, and physical development.

Child behavior can be categorized into two main types:

1. Desirable or positive behaviors - These are behaviors that promote healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include sharing toys, following rules, expressing emotions appropriately, and demonstrating empathy towards others.
2. Challenging or negative behaviors - These are behaviors that hinder healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include aggression, defiance, tantrums, anxiety, and withdrawal.

Understanding child behavior is crucial for parents, caregivers, educators, and healthcare professionals to provide appropriate support, guidance, and interventions to promote positive developmental outcomes in children. Factors influencing child behavior include genetics, temperament, environment, parenting style, and life experiences.

A disabled child is a child who has a physical, cognitive, or developmental condition that limits their ability to perform everyday tasks and activities. This limitation can be temporary or permanent and may range from mild to severe. According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a person with a disability is someone who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.

Disabled children may face challenges in various areas of their lives, including mobility, communication, self-care, learning, and socialization. Some common examples of disabilities that affect children include cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, hearing or vision loss, and spina bifida.

It is important to note that disabled children have the same rights and entitlements as other children, and they should be given equal opportunities to participate in all aspects of society. This includes access to education, healthcare, social services, and community activities. With appropriate support and accommodations, many disabled children can lead fulfilling lives and reach their full potential.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "semantics" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Semantics is actually a branch of linguistics that deals with the study of meaning, reference, and the interpretation of signs and symbols, either individually or in combination. It is used in various fields including computer science, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

However, if you have any medical terms or concepts that you would like me to explain, I'd be happy to help!

In the context of medical and clinical psychology, particularly in the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA), "verbal behavior" is a term used to describe the various functions or purposes of spoken language. It was first introduced by the psychologist B.F. Skinner in his 1957 book "Verbal Behavior."

Skinner proposed that verbal behavior could be classified into several categories based on its function, including:

1. Mand: A verbal operant in which a person requests or demands something from another person. For example, saying "I would like a glass of water" is a mand.
2. Tact: A verbal operant in which a person describes or labels something in their environment. For example, saying "That's a red apple" is a tact.
3. Echoic: A verbal operant in which a person repeats or imitates what they have heard. For example, saying "Hello" after someone says hello to you is an echoic.
4. Intraverbal: A verbal operant in which a person responds to another person's verbal behavior with their own verbal behavior, without simply repeating or imitating what they have heard. For example, answering a question like "What's the capital of France?" is an intraverbal.
5. Textual: A verbal operant in which a person reads or writes text. For example, reading a book or writing a letter are textual.

Understanding the function of verbal behavior can be helpful in assessing and treating communication disorders, such as those seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). By identifying the specific functions of a child's verbal behavior, therapists can develop targeted interventions to help them communicate more effectively.

The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a set of files and software developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM). It provides a comprehensive source of biomedical and health-related terms aimed at unifying and standardizing the language used in various areas of the medical field, such as clinical care, research, and education.

The UMLS includes many different vocabularies, classifications, and coding systems, including but not limited to:

* Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine--Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT)
* International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
* Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)
* Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)

By integrating these various terminologies, the UMLS enables more effective searching, information retrieval, and data analysis across different systems and databases. It also supports natural language processing (NLP) applications, such as text mining and clinical decision support systems.

Psycholinguistics is not a medical term per se, but it is a subfield of both psychology and linguistics that explores how we understand, produce, and process language. It investigates the cognitive processes and mental representations involved in language use, such as word recognition, sentence comprehension, language production, language acquisition, and language disorders.

In medical contexts, psycholinguistic assessments may be used to evaluate individuals with communication difficulties due to neurological or developmental disorders, such as aphasia, dyslexia, or autism spectrum disorder. These assessments can help identify specific areas of impairment and inform treatment planning.

Comprehension, in a medical context, usually refers to the ability to understand and interpret spoken or written language, as well as gestures and expressions. It is a key component of communication and cognitive functioning. Difficulties with comprehension can be a symptom of various neurological conditions, such as aphasia (a disorder caused by damage to the language areas of the brain), learning disabilities, or dementia. Assessment of comprehension is often part of neuropsychological evaluations and speech-language pathology assessments.

Phonetics is not typically considered a medical term, but rather a branch of linguistics that deals with the sounds of human speech. It involves the study of how these sounds are produced, transmitted, and received, as well as how they are used to convey meaning in different languages. However, there can be some overlap between phonetics and certain areas of medical research, such as speech-language pathology or audiology, which may study the production, perception, and disorders of speech sounds for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.

Child health services refer to a range of medical and supportive services designed to promote the physical, mental, and social well-being of children from birth up to adolescence. These services aim to prevent or identify health problems early, provide treatment and management for existing conditions, and support healthy growth and development.

Examples of child health services include:

1. Well-child visits: Regular checkups with a pediatrician or other healthcare provider to monitor growth, development, and overall health.
2. Immunizations: Vaccinations to protect against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.
3. Screening tests: Blood tests, hearing and vision screenings, and other diagnostic tests to identify potential health issues early.
4. Developmental assessments: Evaluations of a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical development to ensure they are meeting age-appropriate milestones.
5. Dental care: Preventive dental services such as cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealants, as well as restorative care for cavities or other dental problems.
6. Mental health services: Counseling, therapy, and medication management for children experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges.
7. Nutrition counseling: Education and support to help families make healthy food choices and promote good nutrition.
8. Chronic disease management: Coordinated care for children with ongoing medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy.
9. Injury prevention: Programs that teach parents and children about safety measures to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.
10. Public health initiatives: Community-based programs that promote healthy lifestyles, provide access to healthcare services, and address social determinants of health such as poverty, housing, and education.

Child rearing, also known as child care or child raising, refers to the process of caring for and raising children from infancy through adolescence. This includes providing for their physical needs such as food, clothing, and shelter, as well as their emotional, social, and intellectual development. Child rearing involves a range of activities such as feeding, bathing, dressing, educating, disciplining, and providing love and support. It is typically the responsibility of parents or guardians, but may also involve other family members, teachers, caregivers, and community institutions. Effective child rearing requires knowledge, skills, patience, and a commitment to meeting the needs of the child in a loving and supportive environment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "reading" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Reading is the activity or process of deciphering and understanding written words or text. It is a fundamental skill in language acquisition and communication, and is not typically used in a medical context unless there is a concern related to reading difficulties or disorders, such as dyslexia. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Childhood behavior disorders are a group of disruptive behaviors that are more frequent or severe than is typical for the child's age and development. These behaviors can cause significant impairment in the child's life, including their relationships with family, friends, and at school. Common examples of childhood behavior disorders include:

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A chronic condition characterized by difficulty paying attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior towards authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules.
4. Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED): A disorder characterized by recurrent impulsive aggressive behavior disproportionate to the situation.
5. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
6. Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.

It's important to note that children with behavior disorders often have other conditions such as learning disabilities, mood disorders, or anxiety disorders. Early identification and treatment of these disorders can significantly improve the child's outcome.

Child psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the mental, emotional, and social development of children from birth to adolescence. It involves the study of children's behavior, thoughts, feelings, and relationships with others, including their families, peers, and teachers. Child psychologists use various research methods, such as observation, interviews, and testing, to understand how children develop and learn. They also work with children who have emotional, social, or behavioral problems, providing assessments, therapy, and counseling services to help them overcome these challenges. Additionally, child psychologists may provide consultation and training to parents, teachers, and other professionals who work with children.

Communication barriers in a medical context refer to any factors that prevent or hinder the effective exchange of information between healthcare providers and patients, or among healthcare professionals themselves. These barriers can lead to misunderstandings, errors, and poor patient outcomes. Common communication barriers include:

1. Language differences: When patients and healthcare providers do not speak the same language, it can lead to miscommunication and errors in diagnosis and treatment.
2. Cultural differences: Cultural beliefs and values can affect how patients perceive and communicate their symptoms and concerns, as well as how healthcare providers deliver care.
3. Literacy levels: Low health literacy can make it difficult for patients to understand medical information, follow treatment plans, and make informed decisions about their care.
4. Disability: Patients with hearing or vision impairments, speech disorders, or cognitive impairments may face unique communication challenges that require accommodations and specialized communication strategies.
5. Emotional factors: Patients who are anxious, stressed, or in pain may have difficulty communicating effectively, and healthcare providers may be less likely to listen actively or ask open-ended questions.
6. Power dynamics: Hierarchical relationships between healthcare providers and patients can create power imbalances that discourage patients from speaking up or asking questions.
7. Noise and distractions: Environmental factors such as noise, interruptions, and distractions can make it difficult for patients and healthcare providers to hear, focus, and communicate effectively.

Effective communication is critical in healthcare settings, and addressing communication barriers requires a multifaceted approach that includes training for healthcare providers, language services for limited English proficient patients, and accommodations for patients with disabilities.

Speech disorders refer to a group of conditions in which a person has difficulty producing or articulating sounds, words, or sentences in a way that is understandable to others. These disorders can be caused by various factors such as developmental delays, neurological conditions, hearing loss, structural abnormalities, or emotional issues.

Speech disorders may include difficulties with:

* Articulation: the ability to produce sounds correctly and clearly.
* Phonology: the sound system of language, including the rules that govern how sounds are combined and used in words.
* Fluency: the smoothness and flow of speech, including issues such as stuttering or cluttering.
* Voice: the quality, pitch, and volume of the spoken voice.
* Resonance: the way sound is produced and carried through the vocal tract, which can affect the clarity and quality of speech.

Speech disorders can impact a person's ability to communicate effectively, leading to difficulties in social situations, academic performance, and even employment opportunities. Speech-language pathologists are trained to evaluate and treat speech disorders using various evidence-based techniques and interventions.

'Schizophrenic language' is not a formal medical term, but the concept refers to the unusual and often disturbed patterns of speech that can be observed in individuals with schizophrenia. These language abnormalities are considered one of the positive symptoms of schizophrenia and can include:

1. **Word Salad (Incoherent Speech)**: This is when a person's speech becomes disorganized, fragmented, and lacks logical or understandable connections between words, phrases, or sentences. It may seem like the individual is randomly stringing together words without any clear meaning.

2. **Neologisms (Made-Up Words)**: These are new words or phrases that have been invented by the individual. They may be understandable only to the person using them.

3. **Tangentiality (Straying Off Topic)**: This is when a person's responses are indirect and unrelated to the topic being discussed, although they may start off on topic. The speaker may stray further and further from the original point until they are no longer discussing it at all.

4. **Perseveration (Persistent Repetition)**: This is when a person repeats certain words, phrases, or ideas over and over again, even when they are not relevant to the conversation.

5. **Illogical Thinking/Conclusions**: A person's thoughts may not follow a logical sequence, leading to illogical conclusions or statements that do not make sense in the context of the conversation.

6. **Thought Disorder**: This is a broader term that includes various disturbances in thinking and thought processes, which can then manifest as abnormalities in speech.

It's important to note that these symptoms can vary widely from person to person, and not everyone with schizophrenia will experience all of them. Furthermore, these symptoms should be evaluated and diagnosed by a qualified mental health professional.

The term "institutionalized child" is used to describe a minor (a person who has not yet reached the age of legal majority) who resides in an institution such as a group home, foster care facility, residential treatment center, or other similar setting on a long-term basis. Institutionalization may occur for various reasons, including but not limited to:

1. Abuse or neglect in their biological family
2. Parental absence or inability to provide care
3. Behavioral or emotional challenges that require specialized treatment and support
4. Disabilities that necessitate around-the-clock care
5. Legal reasons, such as being a ward of the state

Institutionalized children typically receive care, supervision, education, and other services from trained staff members in these facilities. The goal of institutionalization is often to provide a safe, structured environment where the child can receive the necessary support and resources to help them thrive and eventually transition back into a family or community setting when possible.

The Journal of Child Language is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of the scientific study of language ... Language acquisition, Academic journals established in 1974, Cambridge University Press academic journals, English-language ... by Cambridge University Press and is the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Child Language. The ... behavior in children, the principles which underlie it, and the theories which may account for it. This includes various ...
... focuses on children's written and spoken language needs. The journal publishes research and ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the fields of Linguistics and ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy publishes regular special issues on specific subject areas as well as keynote reviews of ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy is abstracted and indexed in, among other databases: SCOPUS, and the Social Sciences ...
Orality and informal language are characteristics of German youth language. Researchers claim that its main function is ... German youth language or Youth Communication (German: Jugendsprache) describes the linguistic patterns and characteristics used ... Articles containing German-language text, German youth culture, Slang, German language). ... German comic language), school language, Denglisch, army slang, university student language, drug scene jargon, graffiti jargon ...
Kid is a simple template engine for XML-based vocabularies written in Python. Kid claims to have many of the best features of ... Replacing Kid with Genshi, A Brief Introduction to Kid Templates - TurboGears v1.0 documentation Repoview at Fedora Hosted ... Python part: from kid import Template template = Template(file='mytemplate.kid', title='bar', mylist=['1', '2', '3', '4', '5 ... programming language) libraries, Template engines, Articles with example Python (programming language) code, All stub articles ...
Journal of Child Language First Language Child Language Bulletin Trends in Language Acquisition Research (TiLAR) "IASCL - Roger ... The International Association for the Study of Child Language (IASCL) is an academic society for first language acquisition ... Language acquisition, Psycholinguistics, Developmental psychology, Speech and language pathology, All stub articles, Language ... Its major activity is the sponsorship of the triennial International Congress for the Study of Child Language, for which it ...
Sign languages are natural languages with the same linguistic status as spoken languages. Like other languages, sign languages ... Natural sign languages are much like spoken languages such as English and Spanish in that they are true languages, and children ... Late exposure to language can be defined as language deprivation (see Language deprivation in deaf and hard of hearing children ... Language acquisition is a natural process in which infants and children develop proficiency in the first language or languages ...
"Kid Ink - Body Language" (in Dutch). Ultratop Urban. Retrieved November 28, 2014. "Kid Ink - Body Language" (in French). Les ... "Watch Kid Ink's "Body Language" Video f/ Usher and Tinashe". Complex. October 27, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2015. "Kid Ink - ... "Kid Ink - Body Language Feat. Usher & Tinashe". September 8, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2022. "Kid Ink, Usher And ... Body Language". British Phonographic Industry. "American single certifications - Kid Ink - Body Language (feat. Usher, Tinashe ...
However, language outcomes were better the earlier the child was given access to language (in this case spoken language through ... In fact, deaf children and hearing children have similar language milestones and timelines. According to the language ... research shows that children who learn a sign language alongside a spoken language during their critical period of language ... The Risk of Language Deprivation by Impairing Sign Language Development in Deaf Children". Maternal and Child Health Journal. ...
Children's poetry Gujarati children's poetry started as an educational instrument. In 1848, Dalpatram wrote humorous children's ... The Children's literature in Gujarati language of India has its roots in traditional folk literature, Puranic literature, epics ... Very young children's poetry The poetry for very young children include lullaby, rhymes, riddles. Halarda (1928) is a ... ISBN 81-7227-074-7. (CS1 Gujarati-language sources (gu), Indian children's literature, Gujarati literature). ...
Most children naturally learn their native language at a young age. Although spoken language is ubiquitous for children who ... and the child's residual hearing. By prioritizing the child's visual and auditory language equally from birth, children are ... The Risk of Language Deprivation by Impairing Sign Language Development in Deaf Children". Maternal and Child Health Journal. ... hearing status and age that the child is exposed to language affect deaf children's ability to code-switch. Deaf children may ...
Lakota - There is a Lakota language program online available for children to use. There is also a Lakota Language Program with ... "Shoshone/Goshute Youth Language Apprenticeship Program". Center for American Indian Languages, University of Utah. Retrieved ... "Dual-language programs grow in Arizona public schools". AZEdNews. "Lakota Language Consortium Homepage". Lakota Language ... it was reported that a school had been opened to teach the language to children. Currently, the language may be acquired by ...
Children's literature portal Governor General's Award for English-language children's illustration Governor General's Award for ... French-language children's literature Governor General's Award for French-language children's illustration "Canada Council ... and French-language children's books by Canadian writers and illustrators. Those "Canada Council Children's Literature Prizes" ... Three of the CCCLP-winning English-language writers also won the annual Canadian Library Association award for children's book ...
Governor General's Award for French-language children's literature Governor General's Award for English-language children's ... and French-language children's books by Canadian writers and illustrators. Those "Canada Council Children's Literature Prizes" ... In the event, the "Canada Council" and "Governor General's" awards have recognized illustration in a French-language children's ... The Governor General's Award for French-language children's illustration is a Canadian literary award that annually recognizes ...
Governor General's Award for French-language children's illustration Governor General's Award for English-language children's ... and French-language children's books by Canadian writers and illustrators. Those "Canada Council Children's Literature Prizes" ... Articles containing French-language text, Canadian children's literary awards, Governor General's Award-winning children's ... In the event, the "Canada Council" and "Governor General's" awards have recognized writing in a French-language children's book ...
Children's literature portal Governor General's Award for English-language children's literature Governor General's Award for ... French-language children's illustration Governor General's Award for French-language children's literature "Canada Council ... and French-language children's books by Canadian writers and illustrators. Those "Canada Council Children's Literature Prizes" ... The Governor General's Award for English-language children's illustration is a Canadian literary award that annually recognizes ...
... (also known as Divine and Moral Songs for Children and other ... 1710s children's books, 18th-century British children's literature, Hymns by Isaac Watts, Religious works for children, English ... "Poetry for Children of Two Centuries". Research about nineteenth-century children and books. Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: ... Children's literature portal Poetry portal Hymns for the Amusement of Children by Christopher Smart, 1771 Hymns in Prose for ...
alhorre: 1) Feaces of a newborn child. From Arabic hur, "feaces". 2) Common skin rash in babies, nappy rash. Commonly used in ... The Spanish language, also called Castilian, is a Romance language that evolved from the dialects of Roman Vulgar Latin spoken ... Influences on the Spanish language Influence of Arabic on other languages List of Arabic loanwords in English List of French ... However, as all Romance languages, modern Spanish is classified in linguistic typology as an SVO language, because this order ...
"Language Development In Children". Child Development Institute. Commons, M.L.; Miller, P.M. (2001). "A Quantitative Behavioral ... Applied behavior analysis Attachment in children Behaviorism Behavioral cusp Child development Child development stages Child ... In terms of language development, children will start to learn and know about 5-20 different words by 18 months old. Behavior ... According to Skinner, language learning depends on environmental variables, which can be mastered by a child through imitation ...
... aNak child; *apu grandparent/grandchild; *aya paternal aunt; *ina mother, maternal aunt Body *ujung/ijung nose; *ikuR tail; * ... Ongan is a small family of two attested languages in the Andaman Islands, while Austronesian is one of the largest language ... Austronesian-Ongan is a controversial proposed language family that would include the Ongan and Austronesian language families ... Andamanese languages, Austronesian languages, Proposed language families). ...
Child Development. 77 (5): 1252-1267. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00932.x. ISSN 0009-3920. PMID 16999796. "Languages in the U. ... "Detailed Language Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for Persons 5 Years and Over --50 Languages with Greatest Number ... Cantonese, historically the language of most Chinese immigrants, was the third most widely spoken non-English language in the ... Chinese languages, mostly Cantonese, are collectively the third most-spoken language in the United States, and are mostly ...
Baby sign language Child development Language acquisition List of gestures Nonverbal communication Namy, Laura L.; Waxman, ... The onset of gesture has also been shown to predict and facilitate children's spoken language acquisition. Once children begin ... Gestures not only complement language development but also enhance the child's ability to communicate. Gestures allow the child ... In this way gestures can prepare children to learn a spoken language, creating a bridge from pre-verbal communication to speech ...
Child Development. 53 (5): 1242-1248. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1982.tb04161.x. JSTOR 1129012.. Loughnane (2009) Loughnane, Robyn ... Languages of Sandaun Province, Languages of Southern Highlands Province, Languages of Western Province (Papua New Guinea), Ok ... Loughnane (2009) and Loughnane and Fedden (2011) conclude that it is related to the Ok languages, though those languages share ... Usher finds Oksapmin is not related to the Ok languages specifically, though it is related at some level to the southwestern ...
"Language Development in Internationally Adopted Children: A Special Case of Early Second Language Learning". Child Development ... A second language (L2) is a language spoken in addition to one's first language (L1). A second language may be a neighbouring ... another language of the speaker's home country, or a foreign language. A speaker's dominant language, which is the language a ... In the first language, children do not respond to systematic correction. Furthermore, children who have limited input still ...
Language plays an important role in children's accuracy in assessing their own knowledge. For children to accurately "know what ... than young children. For younger children, honesty is more important than a person's intention. As children get older, they ... and young children demonstrate faster decay of verbatim information than older children or adults. Younger children are more ... However, children's performance is susceptible to this type of question phrasing. There are language effects on knowledge ...
Child, Rewon; Ramesh, Aditya; Ziegler, Daniel M.; Wu, Jeffrey; Winter, Clemens; Hesse, Christopher; Chen, Mark; Sigler, Eric; ... A large language model (LLM) is a type of language model notable for its ability to achieve general-purpose language ... such as word n-gram language model. A word n-gram language model is a purely statistical model of language. It has been ... A language model is a probabilistic model of a natural language that can generate probabilities of a series of words, based on ...
Once children gain some language production, they will couple language with gesture to further communicate. Gesture remains ... They also found that children who participated in baby sign had similar language development to children who did not learn baby ... Pettito, Laura A. (1988). Frank S. Kessel (ed.). "Language" in the pre-linguistic child. The development of language and ... Daniels, M. (1994). "The effect of sign language on hearing children's language development". Communication Education. 43 (4): ...
Children acquire the language or languages used around them: whichever languages they receive sufficient exposure to during ... Humans also frequently speak more than one language, acquiring their first language or languages as children, or learning new ... Hebrew language, and the languages of the Sahara region, such as the Berber languages and Hausa. The Austronesian languages are ... and becomes a dead language. If eventually no one speaks the language at all, it becomes an extinct language. While languages ...
Section 2.1 and Table 1, Kaplan, Jared; McCandlish, Sam; Henighan, Tom; Brown, Tom B.; Chess, Benjamin; Child, Rewon; Gray, ... A large language model (LLM) is a type of language model notable for its ability to achieve general-purpose language ... Yennie Jun (2023-05-03). "All languages are NOT created (tokenized) equal". Language models cost much more in some languages ... "Better language models and their implications". "OpenAI's GPT-3 Language Model: A Technical Overview". lambdalabs. ...
Her body language, her purring tone, the gleam in her evil eye, the curve of her evil eyebrow all declare, "Isn't this a hoot ... Frank Herbert's Children of Dune at IMDb Frank Herbert's Children of Dune at AllMovie Frank Herbert's Children of Dune at ... Filmtracks: Children of Dune (Brian Tyler) Children of Dune (2003) Soundtrack SoundtrackNet Trailers : Children of Dune (2003 ... Children of Dune: Music "Children of Dune Original Television Soundtrack - Dune". Archived from the original on ...
British Sign Language American Sign Language Literature Disability in children's literature Disability in the arts "Deafness ... There have been several studies into how Deaf children are portrayed in children's literature. Historically children's books ... "Best Books for Kids". Best Books for Kids. Retrieved 2019-07-31. "Louisiana Young Readers' Choice Awards 2018-2019" (PDF). ... BookTrust, a UK children's charity, have published advice for illustrators and publishers on how to naturally include Deaf and ...
AND child [mh] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 2 Years [edat] NOT (letter[pt] OR case reports[pt] OR editorial[pt] OR ... Plasticity of the language system in children and adults. Martin KC, Ketchabaw WT, Turkeltaub PE. Martin KC, et al. Handb Clin ... Language Disorders[majr:noexp] AND child [mh] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 2 Years [edat] NOT (letter[pt] OR case ... Activities and participation of children with language disorders in outpatient care according to the ICF. Nogueira GDR, Lemos ...
Orality and informal language are characteristics of German youth language. Researchers claim that its main function is ... German youth language or Youth Communication (German: Jugendsprache) describes the linguistic patterns and characteristics used ... Articles containing German-language text, German youth culture, Slang, German language). ... German comic language), school language, Denglisch, army slang, university student language, drug scene jargon, graffiti jargon ...
... Int J Epidemiol. 2018; 47(3):688-688j (ISSN: 1464-3685). Reilly ...
Health Information on Child Safety: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Childrens Safety Resources - English HTML Childrens Safety Resources - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) HTML ... Childrens Safety Resources - English HTML Childrens Safety Resources - Wikang Tagalog (Tagalog) HTML ... Childrens Safety Resources - English HTML Childrens Safety Resources - Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) HTML ...
This system--the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES)--has developed three major tools for child language rese … ... laid out the basic sketch for an international system for exchanging and analysing child language transcript data. ... The Child Language Data Exchange System: an update J Child Lang. 1990 Jun;17(2):457-72. doi: 10.1017/s0305000900013866. ... This system--the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES)--has developed three major tools for child language research: (1 ...
Understanding Child Language Acquisition introduces readers to the most important research on child language acquisition over ... analysis of how language acquisition differs between languages A chapter on how multilingual children acquire several languages ... Understanding Child Language Acquisition forms a comprehensive introduction to the subject for students of linguistics, ... ages Rowland explains why these research findings are important and what they tell us about how children acquire language. Key ...
Surely we want all children to say: I am learning to read in my own language. My language and culture are important enough to ... But what messages do children receive? Are they learning every day at school that their language, the one they speak to those ... Each book - its story, its illustrations, its author, and its language - sends strong messages to children. ... We cannot stop until that is a reality for EVERY child and youth in our schools, in our neighborhoods, and in our society. ...
Tools for children in several languages. ​​​​​​​Available in English , French , Hungarian , Italian , Polish , Romanian , ... Tool C invites reflection on the language support likely to be needed by children arriving from Ukraine and how it can best be ... Tool H provides some guidelines for teachers who are helping these children to adjust to the language used in the teaching of ... Tool E is designed to help those providing language support to gather information about the competences of children arriving ...
Return to Language Benchmarks in Children with ASD ... Return to Language Benchmarks in Children with ASD. Language ... CASL: Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (Carrow-Woolfolk, 1999). Other Abbreviations. NLS: Natural Language Sample. ... Language Domain. Measures. Variables. Range in Typical Development. Example. Minimum Criteria. First Words. 12 - 18 months. ... LUI: Language Use Inventory (ONeil, 2007). GFTA-2: Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation -2 (Goldman & Fristoe, 2000). SALT ...
Working with a certified speech-language pathologist can help a child with speech or language difficulties. ... Why Do Some Kids Need Speech-Language Therapy?. Kids might need speech-language therapy for many reasons, including:. *hearing ... What Is Speech-Language Therapy?. Speech-language therapy is the treatment for most kids with speech and/or language disorders. ... Parents are key to the success of a childs progress in speech or language therapy. Kids who finish the program quickest and ...
... MRI brain scans can predict language improvement after a cochlear ... Helping these children achieve the language and literacy of hearing children is important and the focus of much research, as ... "So far, we have not had a reliable way to predict which children are at risk to develop poorer language. Our study is the first ... All Journal News Childrens Health Cognition and Learning Hearing Mental Health Neuro Speech & Language Hidden - Illinois ...
The role of evidentiality in Bulgarian childrens reliability judgments* - Volume 35 Issue 4 ... Noveck, I. A., Ho, S. & Sera, M. (1996). Childrens understanding of epistemic modals. Journal of Child Language 23, 621-43. ... Matsui, T., Yamamoto, T. & McCagg, P. (2006). On the role of language in childrens early understanding of others as epistemic ... Journal of Child Language , Volume 35 , Issue 4 , November 2008 , pp. 845 - 868 ...
Except when we take the kids to the beach.". Yes, the guitarist formerly known as Kid Jonny Lang has kids of his own. Five of ... A: Kids is really the best answer. Being on the road as much as I am, when I come home its hard to justify going off and doing ... But Jonny Lang is still one of us.. The blues-rock guitar hero launched his career as a teen phenom in the Twin Cities nearly ... What does Lang miss about Minnesota?. "I miss the lakes," said the Grammy winner, who will perform on the shores of Lake ...
Reasons Why the English Language is Hard to Learn For one thing, words arent always pronounced the same, nor do they have the ... English! What a Language!. English! What a Language! Reasons Why the English Language is Hard to Learn. For one thing, words ... NIEHS Kids Pages are supported by the NIEHS Office of Communications and Public Liaison.. 111 T.W. Alexander Drive, Durham, NC ... What else is strange about the English language?. Well, how about the fact that:. ...there is no egg in eggplant or ham in ...
In Language Corner, 9 year old Libby teaches Sam the Secret Kids Language of Pig Latin. ... Learn and Experience have been bringing the worlds youth together since 2009 through adventure, life skills and language. ... 9 year old Libby teaches Sam the Secret Kids Language of Pig Latin. ... This episode Sam, Mike and Julie shine a spotlight on 9 year, Libby who teaches Sam how to speak the secret language of Pig ...
Kids Help Phone offers mental health and wellness support in over 100 languages including Plains Cree, Severn Ojibwe, Ukrainian ... How do I access wellness support in additional languages?. You can call Kids Help Phone in over 100 languages across Canada at ... Connect with other youth. Visit the support forums. Get inspired by other youth and share your creativity. On the Feel Out Loud ... Thats why Kids Help Phone is providing our phone counselling in over 100 languages, with the help of trained interpreters. ...
The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services has adopted Augintels Natural Language Processing software to help ... child welfare caseworkers gain enhanced insights on the cases they manage. ... The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) is now using Natural Language Processing (NLP) software to ... The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services has adopted Augintels Natural Language Processing software to help ...
Here are some of the best ways to help your child develop the speaking functions properly. ... How To Help Children With Speech & Language Delay?. September 30, 2022 James Boone Tips ... However, if your child is facing a longer delay, the best solution is to speak to the expert who can take an exam to see if ... The key is to work with your child and help it develop the cognitive functions in the right way. Even if there is a delay with ...
He said the monks were happy to see the ministry and USAID lead the youth to Prey Lang. ... and the Ministry of Environment led monks and youth to inspect the work of rangers protecting Prey Lang in Kampong Thom ... Prey Lang community representative Sor Yam from Kbal O Pranhak in Meanrith commune, Sandan district, Kampong Thom province, ... The visit was part of a campaign to protect Prey Lang by changing social behaviour under a project called Cambodia Green Future ...
Tertiary Speech-Language Pathology at ACH serves a range of specialties across the spectrum of care including acute, medical ... ECR: feeding and communication supports for children with complex needs through multidisciplinary intervention for children ... Tertiary Speech-Language Pathology at ACH serves a range of specialties across the spectrum of care including acute, medical ... Tertiary Speech-Language Pathology at ACH serves a range of specialties across the spectrum of care including acute, medical ...
Berlitz online language courses help kids uncover their talents and improve their understanding of the world, wherever they are ... Learning a language at an early age enriches your childs cognitive skills and builds confidence. Our online platform allows ... Online language courses help children and adolescents discover their talents and gain a better understanding of the world, ... What are you waiting for? Boost your childs future and open their world! Contact us below and sign them up for online language ...
Jude Childrens Research Hospital - Homepage Contact Us Español Patient Referrals Donate Now ... If you speak another language, assistance services, free of charge, are available to you. Call 1-866-278-5833 (TTY: 1-901-595- ... Jude Childrens Research Hospital, a not-for-profit, section 501(c)(3). ...
Jude Childrens Research Hospital - Homepage Contact Us Español Patient Referrals Donate Now ... If you speak another language, assistance services, free of charge, are available to you. Call 1-866-278-5833 (TTY: 1-901-595- ... Jude Childrens Research Hospital, a not-for-profit, section 501(c)(3). ...
This immersive summer language program is a great way for your child to learn about a new language and culture, while having ... Summer language camps for kids. Berlitz hosts summer language camps for kids in several locations in the United States. Each ... Not only will your child be exposed to a new language, but language classes for kids with Berlitz include cultural elements ... Berlitz offers summer language camps for kids in both English and Spanish. We also offer several other language classes for ...
Knowing how speech and language develop can help you figure out if you should be concerned or if your child is right on ... Speech and language problems differ, but often overlap. For example:. *A child with a language delay might say words well but ... Delayed Speech or Language Development. As with other skills and milestones, the age at which kids learn language and start ... How Are Speech or Language Delays Diagnosed?. If your child might have a problem, its important to see a speech-language ...
... and parents do not want to penalize their children by delaying learning the common language. Language is the basic tool for ... The gift of languages and the future of Taiwans youth. On Pentecost Sunday a reflection posted on the Missions Etrangeres de ... Only a few isolated families want to maintain their identity and teach some rudiments of the language to their children, who ... "The language problem in their communities is twofold," he recounts.. "The first is the difficulty of learning a second language ...
... c, Simon Spero *Re: [ontolog-forum] Child language ... Child language acquisition - RE: Paraconsistent Logic, Philip Jackson ,= *Re: [ontolog-forum] Child language acquisition - RE: ... Child language acquisition - RE: Paraconsistent Logic, Philip Jackson. Next by Thread: Re: [ontolog-forum] Child language ... and that it is understandable to a 3 year old child, helping the child to learn the language.. Phil. Date: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 11: ...
... sets the record straight with common myths you may have heard about bilingual children and learning language. ... Fact: Milestones of pre-language development are the same in all languages. Like other children, most bilingual children speak ... Fact: Children with speech and language disorders may have more difficulty learning a second language but research shows many ... Fact: If a bilingual child has a speech or language problem, it will show up in both languages. However, these problems are not ...
In this paper, we focus on development of concepts and language processing, and examine the importance of childrens embodied ... In this paper, we focus on development of concepts and language processing, and examine the importance of childrens embodied ... it is important to consider what can be learned from research with children. ... what we see as important developmental issues that need to be addressed in order to determine the extent to which language and ...
  • Her research focuses on how children acquire language, with a particular interest in grammar and in assessing how the child's environment promotes and shapes language growth. (
  • Your child's SLP should be licensed in your state and have experience working with kids and your child's specific disorder. (
  • Our study is the first to provide clinicians and caregivers with concrete information about how much language improvement can be expected given the child's brain development immediately before surgery," said co-senior author Nancy M. Young, MD, Medical Director, Audiology and Cochlear Implant Programs at Lurie Children's, a surgeon and professor at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. (
  • Learning a language at an early age enriches your child's cognitive skills and builds confidence. (
  • The SLP (or speech therapist) will check your child's speech and language skills. (
  • To build on your child's speech and language, talk your way through the day. (
  • In the United States, it is not uncommon for a child's dominant language to become English-school-aged children usually prefer to speak in the majority language instead of the one that is spoken by their parents. (
  • If your child has been admitted to the hospital please talk to your child's nurse and request interpreter support each time medical information is communicated to you. (
  • If you are looking for a counsellor or psychologist who offers behavioural psychology for children to address your child's stress, anxiety or behavioural issues you may want to search the directory to find a professional whose approach will suit you best. (
  • Around the time of the children's first and second birthdays, the researchers administered questionnaires to caregivers, asking them to assess their child's language development. (
  • By participating in our collaborative care program, your school/community speech-language pathologist is welcomed as an active and collaborating member of your child's extended medical team. (
  • They can also get tips from CDC for encouraging their child's development, and access information about resources that can help if a parent or caregiver is ever concerned about how their child is developing. (
  • Plasticity of the language system in children and adults. (
  • The Council of Europe has developed two set of tools to support member states in their efforts to respond to the challenges faced by those who are providing language support to refugees arriving from Ukraine, children and adults, as they adjust to their new environment. (
  • Search for physical or virtual support programs and services available to kids, teens and young adults across Canada. (
  • Yet adults cannot directly describe the syntax of a natural language to an infant, and there is a very wide space of possible language syntaxes. (
  • Although the ideal language-learning window is during the first few years of life-the most rapid period of brain development-older children and adults can still become fluent in a second language. (
  • Regular use and practice of verbal communication, along with writing and reading, will help children (and adults) retain their second language long-term. (
  • Thus, adults use sensorimotor information gained through their experiences with the world to represent concepts and comprehend language. (
  • Just like adults, children can also benefit from therapy. (
  • The "critical period" hypothesis states that, essentially, children make better language learners than adults. (
  • Children tend to be better than adults at mastering the pronunciation of a second language. (
  • Adults tend to be better than children at mastering grammatical concepts when learning a second language. (
  • Adults can learn a second language faster than adolescents, and older kids can learn faster than younger kids. (
  • Although claims have been made to the contrary, children are more likely than adults to be shy and embarrassed about making mistakes in a foreign language. (
  • Educating youth and adults on the dangers of both illicit and prescription drugs, and the resources we have to combat overdose, can greatly altar the current trajectory of overdose rates," Seldeen said. (
  • Pound for pound, children eat, drink, and breathe more than adults relative to their size. (
  • By protecting children, we may also improve their health as adults. (
  • Research at the Humanities Laboratory in Lund has refuted the myth that children find it easier to learn languages than adults. (
  • The studies show that children and adults are both just as good at identifying new words and understanding their meaning when they hear a foreign language for the first time. (
  • The usual explanation for young children's ability to learn to speak two languages fluently is that they are better learners than adults. (
  • The results showed that the children did neither better nor worse than the adults. (
  • It is a myth that children have more flexible brains than adults. (
  • Newswise - In a new international collaborative study between The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, researchers created a machine learning algorithm that uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children after they receive a cochlear implant. (
  • The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) is now using Natural Language Processing (NLP) software to better serve children's needs through enhanced data insights. (
  • In this paper, we focus on development of concepts and language processing, and examine the importance of children's embodied experiences for these aspects of cognition in particular. (
  • We, at St. Louis Children's Hospital, ensure that all patients and families receive medical information in their preferred language. (
  • If you have any questions regarding St. Louis Children's Hospital Language Services please e-mail [email protected] or call 314.747.5682. (
  • The combinations of anti-HIV drugs recommended for pregnant women do not appear in general to increase their children's risk for language delay, according to a study from a National Institutes of Health research network. (
  • The speech-language collaboration program at St. Louis Children's Hospital is an opportunity for the school or community speech-language pathologist to partner with a speech-language pathologist from the Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Institute (CPCI) at St. Louis Children's Hospital in the care of a client with cleft palate or craniofacial difference. (
  • A coordinated appointment, lasting one to three hours, is scheduled at St. Louis Children's Hospital with a speech-language pathologist affiliated with the Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Institute. (
  • NewYork-Presbyterian Queens and The Theresa Lang Children's Ambulatory Center would like to welcome you to our Patient Centered Medical Home. (
  • In January 2014, the Theresa Lang Children's Ambulatory Center achieved Level III PCMH certification from the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). (
  • Please have your medical records, addressed to the office staff, mailed or faxed (718-670-1923) to the Theresa Lang Children's Ambulatory Center. (
  • Please ask us any questions you may have regarding changes at The Theresa Lang Children's Center. (
  • The project focused on CI children's achievements in a major aspect of language, its morphosyntax. (
  • Furthermore, the project compared CI children's speech and language skills in two different languages, Dutch and German. (
  • This cross-linguistic perspective allowed to see whether CI children's achievements vary depending on the specific language the child is exposed to. (
  • Chinese smartphone giant Huawei has launched a new Android app that leverages AI tools such as image recognition and optical character recognition (OCR) to translate popular children's books into sign language. (
  • A new CDC study published in Academic Pediatrics examines national data on a brief pilot measure of language and communication development for children ages 1-5 years on the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). (
  • The Communicative Disorder Assistant (CDA) program at Durham College anticipates being able to offer the speech and language clinics starting Fall 2023. (
  • Activities and participation of children with language disorders in outpatient care according to the ICF. (
  • ICF and perception of functioning according to children/adolescents in follow-up with speech/language disorders. (
  • Speech-language therapy is the treatment for most kids with speech and/or language disorders. (
  • These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking. (
  • What Are Language Disorders? (
  • Receptive disorders are problems with understanding or processing language. (
  • Expressive disorders are problems with putting words together, having a limited vocabulary, or being unable to use language in a socially appropriate way. (
  • Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), often called speech therapists , are educated in the study of human communication, its development, and its disorders. (
  • We work in an interdisciplinary model supporting children with communication, feeding and swallowing disorders and work in close consultation with our community counterparts e.g. (
  • Children with speech or language processing disorders can have more difficulty learning a second language. (
  • Children with speech and language disorders may have more difficulty learning a second language but research shows many can do so successfully. (
  • New Funding Announcement: Improving and evaluating measures to identify tics and tic disorders including Tourette syndrome in children in epidemiologic studies and clinical settings. (
  • A Notice of Funding Opportunity for supplemental funding for currently-funded Prevention Research Centers (RFA-DP-19-001) to conduct Special Interest Projects has been published, which includes the project, Improving and evaluating measures to identify tics and tic disorders including Tourette syndrome in children in epidemiologic studies and clinical settings (SIP 22-003). (
  • This information will increase our understanding of how many people have TS, particularly among minority and underserved populations through testing and evaluating the use and accuracy of measures to identify tics and tic disorders in a demographically diverse sample of children from the general population. (
  • As with other skills and milestones, the age at which kids learn language and start talking can vary. (
  • The pathologist will do standardized tests and look for milestones in speech and language development. (
  • Milestones of pre-language development are the same in all languages. (
  • These are the same developmental milestones for children who learn only one language. (
  • The assessment for 2-year-olds asked caregivers to choose words the child had spoken or responded to, as well as other milestones of language use common to children at this age. (
  • Olney DK, Leroy JL, Bliznashka L, Ruel MT. A multisectoral food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition program targeted to women and children in the first 1000 days increases attainment of language and motor milestones among young Burundian children. (
  • The study found that patterns of responses to the 11 questions piloted in the survey were overall consistent with age milestones defined by existing measures of early language and communication development. (
  • Mutualistic coupling of vocabulary and non-verbal reasoning in children with and without language disorder. (
  • A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. (
  • Speaking two languages to a child may cause a speech or language disorder. (
  • Bilingualism should almost never be used an explanation for speech or language disorder. (
  • Speech delay is a communication disorder affecting children in the age group of 3-16 yrs. (
  • Speech-language therapy can help people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) improve their abilities to communicate and interact with others. (
  • SLCN Stories is a very small and humble project founded by a mum who wants to raise awareness for children like her own son who has a Speech Disorder. (
  • Background and aims: Narrative-based language intervention provides a naturalistic context for targeting overall story structure and specific syntactic goals in children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). (
  • A responder analysis revealed that improvement in language may be associated with higher verbal short-term memory and receptive language at baseline. (
  • J Child Lang . 1990 Jun;17(2):457-72. (
  • The SLP will interact with a child by playing and talking, using pictures, books, objects, or ongoing events to stimulate language development. (
  • This study's novel use of artificial intelligence to understand brain structure underlying language development has broad reaching implications for children with developmental challenges. (
  • The ability to predict language development is important because it allows clinicians and educators to intervene with therapy to maximize language learning for the child," said co-senior author Patrick C. M. Wong, PhD, a cognitive neuroscientist, professor and director of the Brain and Mind Institute at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. (
  • Successful hearing and spoken language development depends on both the ear and the brain. (
  • We used MRI to capture these abnormal patterns before cochlear implant surgery and constructed a machine-learning algorithm for predicting language development with a relatively high degree of accuracy, specificity and sensitivity," Wong explained. (
  • Although the current algorithm is built for children with hearing impairment, research is being conducted to also predict language development in other pediatric populations. (
  • Child Development 67 ( 4 ), 1686 -706. (
  • The development of epistemic sentence-ending modal forms and functions in Korean children. (
  • While it can be fun for it, it is also proven that toys for children can bring many benefits when it comes to development. (
  • The US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Environment led monks and youth to inspect the work of rangers protecting Prey Lang in Kampong Thom province on Monday and Tuesday. (
  • Knowing a bit about speech and language development can help parents figure out if there's cause for concern. (
  • Exposing infants and toddlers to more than one language may cause delays in their speech or language development. (
  • This is a normal part of bilingual language development and does not mean that your child is confused. (
  • Anti-HIV combination therapies do not appear to be linked to language delays, but it's prudent to monitor children exposed to HIV in the womb for signs of language delay," said study co-author George Siberry, M.D., of the Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the NIH institutes that conducted the study. (
  • Until there is a better understanding of what contributes to the delays, it's important to monitor the language development of children in this group carefully, and refer them for language therapy at the first sign of a delay. (
  • At the Language, Learning, and Multisensory Brain (LLAMB) Lab in the Yale Child Study Center, we study perceptual and cognitive development, with a particular emphasis on the perceptual, attentional, learning, and brain mechanisms underlying the acquisition of speech and language in early development. (
  • Every child has his own pace of development and speech development also differs in different children. (
  • Services support the development of children and youth to participate in meaningful activities of daily life at home and in the community. (
  • Clark, argues that Language development of the other hand is a process that commences early in human life. (
  • The development of language moves from simple to complex stages. (
  • According to Guasti, the first Language acquisition and development in school age chidren occurs in various stages. (
  • This is the initial stage in the process of language acquisition and development. (
  • This is the second stage after babbling in language acquisition and development in school-age children. (
  • It is practical to note some affixes such as the plural and past tense marker at this stage of language acquisition and development in school age children. (
  • Being the final stage to fluency in first language, it involves the development of more intricate grammatical concepts. (
  • According to Freeman & Freeman, the Second language acquisition and development in school-age children does as well involve various stages just as the native language. (
  • Development of children can be influenced by multiple factors, including nutritional status (during pregnancy and in childhood), health, hygiene behaviors, etc. (
  • Language, but not motor development, was improved by the multisectoral nutrition program in children from 4 to 24 months of age. (
  • The authors conclude that this form of multisectoral intervention can have small positive impacts on the development of motor and language skills in children. (
  • Youth career and character development initiatives have the capacity toward preventing the downward spiral of poverty," says Henckel, noting that the basketball league in and of itself is also a way to keep at-risk youth away from street gangs, drugs and crime. (
  • Moreover, little is known about the "long term" development, i.e. what is the language achievement of CI children when they are at preschool age? (
  • The project progressed through three phases: In the first phase, the fellow worked on theory development of the relationship between subject-external linguistic factors and morphosyntactic development, as well as on the operationalization of linguistic factors that are relevant for morphosyntactic development in CI children. (
  • A major challenge was the recruitment of a sample of German-speaking CI children who strictly met the selection criteria of the Dutch study sample: (a) diagnosis of profound hearing impairment in the first year of life, (b) cochlear implantation before the age of 24 months, (c) raised in normally hearing, monolingual families, (d) oral education, with or without the support of basic signs. (
  • To investigate the risk for language impairment (LI) in children perinatally infected or exposed to HIV. (
  • This epidemiologic study estimated the prevalence of specific language impairment (SLI) in monolingual English-speaking kindergarten children. (
  • A cochlear implant is the most effective treatment for children born with significant hearing loss when hearing aids are not enough for the child to develop age appropriate listening and language ability. (
  • Although a cochlear implant enables many children with hearing loss to understand and develop speech, some children lag behind their normal hearing peers despite receiving an implant as an infant or toddler. (
  • Nowadays, many profoundly deaf children are given access to auditory information by means of a cochlear implant (CI). (
  • The German study sample consisted of 10 children with a cochlear implant (CI) and an age-matched control group of 30 normally hearing (NH) children. (
  • Taking an accessible and cross-linguistic approach, Understanding Child Language Acquisition introduces readers to the most important research on child language acquisition over the last fifty years, as well as to some of the most influential theories in the field. (
  • With its particular focus on outlining key similarities and differences across languages and what this cross-linguistic variation means for our ideas about language acquisition, Understanding Child Language Acquisition forms a comprehensive introduction to the subject for students of linguistics, psychology and speech and language therapy. (
  • She is a series editor for the Trends in Language Acquisition (TiLAR) book series and an associate editor for the Journal of Child Language. (
  • In a talk about child language acquisition, Paul Vogt of Tilburg University first plays a soundtrack of a woman saying something in a foreign language, and asks the audience to guess what she's saying. (
  • This simple example illustrates the relative importance of pragmatics, semantics, and syntax, for child language acquisition. (
  • Anyone fortunate enough to watch a child learn to talk can observe that understanding pragmatics and semantics precedes and enables acquisition of syntax, for very young children. (
  • Simon, I didn't claim this example was proof or strong evidence of any particular model of language acquisition. (
  • It's just an example of the importance of pragmatics and semantics for child language acquisition. (
  • According to Barbara, Language acquisition refers to the process whereby a human being does acquire the capability to perceive, fabricate, and utilize of words to understand and converse. (
  • Language acquisition does involve the first language gaining and it is the study of school-age acquisition of indigenous language. (
  • This is as opposed to subsequent language acquisition. (
  • According to Bhatia, this is a stage of school age children simple words acquisition. (
  • German youth language or Youth Communication (German: Jugendsprache) describes the linguistic patterns and characteristics used by German adolescents. (
  • Online language courses help children and adolescents discover their talents and gain a better understanding of the world, wherever they are. (
  • Adolescents may have more social incentives for learning another language, like interacting with kids who have a different native tongue. (
  • I am particularly passionate about working with adolescents in the hopes that no one ever has to go it alone like I did, that no child ever need lose a parent to an overdose and vice versa," Seldeen said. (
  • inpatient care: communication, feeding and swallowing assessment and intervention for children admitted to ACH with a new clinical query or change in presentation. (
  • The clinic will offer a fun, exciting and effective intervention for children with speech and/or language delays. (
  • Tertiary Speech-Language Pathology at ACH serves a range of specialties across the spectrum of care including acute, medical and rehabilitation services with a focus on diagnostic assessment, care planning and intervention in the context of patient and family centered care. (
  • A registered Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) offers an assessment of each child during the first week to ensure your child has a therapy plan fit for them. (
  • project leader Prof. S. Gillis) and developed a German equivalent to the Dutch language assessment procedures. (
  • Please notify the scheduling staff that an interpreter will be needed at the time of your appointment, making sure to specify the language. (
  • These findings will be of assistance to parents, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, teachers of deaf children, and others involved in the selection of a communication approach and the management of the developing deaf child of hearing parents. (
  • The Kelly Elementary School event was an excellent opportunity to share with children our amazing work as audiologists and speech-language pathologists," says López González, a bilingual speech-language pathologist in the PhD program. (
  • Your child will be grouped with other students their age, and the lessons will be tailored to that age group. (
  • Children in age groups 4-7 and 8-11 will start their lessons with a warm-up activity, such as a song or a sketch. (
  • Neurobiologist Nina Kraus, who runs the study, "randomly assigned several dozen kids from the program's waitlist into two groups: those who would be studied after one year of music lessons and those who would be studied after two years. (
  • If it's Japanese, then you're going to need to supplement them with regular Japanese language lessons from the Japanese school. (
  • Only a few isolated families want to maintain their identity and teach some rudiments of the language to their children, who will never dare to use it outside the family. (
  • Zhang says the Dragon Camp program is an effort to teach Chinese language and culture to kids in the area. (
  • Premature birth and cleft palate are some of the common causes of swallowing problem in children. (
  • Experiment 1 showed that children draw on modality information in their decisions: Third-graders favored perceptual over cognitive and kindergartners cognitive over perceptual sources. (
  • The key is to work with your child and help it develop the cognitive functions in the right way. (
  • Theories of EC have become a prominent way of conceptualizing cognitive processing and have been particularly influential in reconceptualising and explaining adult language processing. (
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy is the most common treatment option for children with behavioural issues, as well as teenagers who struggle to cope with stress, are feeling anxious or depressed. (
  • Given the cognitive demands of narratives, narrative-based language intervention also has the potential to positively impact related abilities such as working memory and academic skills. (
  • - Aims to improve early identification of children with autism and other developmental disabilities so children and families can get the services and support they need. (
  • I really enjoyed seeing the preschool and kindergarten-aged children show an interest in wanting to become 'ear doctors' through the demonstrations of products like pocket talkers! (
  • The aim of the MORLAS project was to investigate speech and language skills of CI children aged 4 to 6 years (preschool age). (
  • They were able to collect assessments at study visits at either ages 1 or 2 for 70 percent of the children, and 40 percent were assessed at BOTH ages 1 and 2. (
  • Following the assessments, children receive weekly 30 minute treatment sessions with the CDA students under the direct supervision of the SLP to implement the treatment plan in the progressing weeks. (
  • Of the 468 children with language assessments, 184 (39%) had LI. (
  • Syntactic variations in spoken language include repetitions, ellipsis, word order variation and incomplete sentences. (
  • The therapist may model correct vocabulary and grammar, and use repetition exercises to build language skills. (
  • Helping these children achieve the language and literacy of hearing children is important and the focus of much research, as these skills are critical to academic success, social and emotional well-being and employment opportunities. (
  • The Learn and Experience Podcast explores and makes sense of the world we live in through Adventure, Life-Skills and Language. (
  • Learn and Experience have been bringing the world's youth together since 2009 through adventure, life skills and language. (
  • After completing our summer program, your child will have the skills to communicate in their new language as well as a broader cultural understanding. (
  • We also believe in celebrating achievements at Berlitz and all our summer language camps include a Celebration of Skills and Certificate at the end of the program. (
  • The speech therapist will work with your child to improve speech and language skills, and show you what to do at home to help your child. (
  • A full spectrum of language arts skills starting with phonics and handwriting and progressing through creative writing. (
  • Psychotherapy can help children develop important interpersonal and problem-solving skills that will stand them in good stead for the rest of their lives. (
  • The researchers evaluated the language skills of nearly 800 children. (
  • The researchers found that 26 percent of the 1-year-olds were significantly behind typical children their age with regard to emerging language skills. (
  • The effect of these factors on language and motor skills have been evaluated, however, the impact of a coordinated program that includes interventions in all these aspects has not been evaluated. (
  • Olney and colleagues studied the impact of such a food-assisted multisectoral nutrition program on the language and motor skills of children in Burundi. (
  • For children between 12 and 24 months of age, the interventions improved both motor and language skills. (
  • Speech-language therapy activities can also include ways to improve social skills and social behaviors. (
  • Lenneberg bases this age cutoff on the completion of the brain's lateralization process , which is when we start using the proper brain hemisphere for specific skills (the left hemisphere is for language). (
  • The goal of these events is to help children even as young as PreK see their own strengths that they can bring to a career in our fields, especially as many of them come from Spanish-speaking homes and have bilingual skills. (
  • However, there are still many open questions about the nature of speech and language skills of CI children. (
  • Conclusions: Narrative-based language intervention impacted verbal skills in different ways across individual children with DLD. (
  • It is a broader, whole child approach, but it's also a broader skills approach that we want to be building and those skills are built into our standards. (
  • Articulation, or sound production, exercises involve having the therapist model correct sounds and syllables in words and sentences for a child, often during play activities. (
  • From this stage, children do quickly progress to real grammar, which is set in short sentences. (
  • This stage rather involves the language sentences but which still lack the closed-class items. (
  • What else is strange about the English language? (
  • In addition to English and French, you can now connect with Kids Help Phone's professional counsellors in over 100 languages including Plains Cree, Severn Ojibwe, Ukrainian, Russian, Pashto, Dari, Mandarin and Arabic by calling 1-800-668-6868 . (
  • Berlitz offers summer language camps for kids in both English and Spanish. (
  • Approximately 20% of children in the United States speak a language other than English at home, with Spanish as the most common non-English language. (
  • Immersion in an English language-speaking classroom is the best approach for younger children, but is less effective for older students. (
  • For example, older kids in high school would be better served to get instruction in the language they know while they're learning English. (
  • Providing language access services to patients who have limited English proficiency is essential to delivering culturally competent care that meets each patient's unique social, cultural and communication needs. (
  • If you home language is English, then your kids will be fine in either language. (
  • Earlier this year, students from New York University demonstrated a prototype app that meshes augmented reality (AR) and machine learning to translate both ways between sign language and written English. (
  • What Are Speech or Language Delays? (
  • Many kids with speech delays have oral-motor problems. (
  • How Are Speech or Language Delays Diagnosed? (
  • Recognizing and treating speech and language delays early on is the best approach. (
  • Children exposed to HIV in the womb and whose mothers received combinations of anti-HIV drugs during pregnancy were no more likely to have language delays than were children exposed to HIV in the womb and whose mothers did not receive these recommended treatments, the study found. (
  • In both groups, about 25 percent of the children had language delays by 2 years of age, suggesting that the delays were not associated with the anti-HIV drugs taken during pregnancy. (
  • The findings allay concerns in the medical community that the drug combinations could affect the developing fetal brain in ways that cause language delays. (
  • Previous studies suggested that the drugs used to treat pregnant women might contribute to language delays in infants and toddlers, even those who remained HIV-negative. (
  • Children whose mothers received combination therapy containing the drug atazanavir were more likely to have language delays at 1 year of age than were the other children in the study. (
  • Participation is for children with speech and/or language delays who consent to and can actively participate in therapy with CDA students under the direction of an SLP. (
  • Children have the opportunity to work with one-on-one assistance to improve speech, fluency, phonological awareness, reading, expressive/receptive or social communication-related challenges. (
  • The researchers noted that these effects were not seen in children in the atazanavir group at age 2. (
  • Researchers are studying the brain's response to language and sound. (
  • I don't understand your statement that this example would be compatible with the mother discussing Optimality Theory to a deaf child. (
  • Learn from real-life youth stories, gain new ideas and ask questions to connect and inspire your own wellness journey. (
  • Each language camp provides a unique experience for children to not only learn a new language, but to also interact with other students, enjoy fun activities and learn about new cultures. (
  • Click here to learn more about our online language classes for kids. (
  • Any infant with normal intelligence can learn any natural language, if it is raised by a parent who speaks that language. (
  • So very young children need to use pragmatic information to learn the semantics of speech in a language, and to also gradually learn the syntax. (
  • The point of this example is that the pragmatic information is consistent with and suggests the semantic information, and that it is understandable to a 3 year old child, helping the child to learn the language. (
  • They will ultimately learn to separate both languages correctly. (
  • If a child does not learn a second language when he or she is very young, he or she will never be fluent. (
  • Niue leaders and community groups are working hard to keep Vagahau Niue / Niue Language and Culture going so that the next generation (your children and your childrens' children) can learn the unique knowledge of the island, its history, its people and their values. (
  • A child may be suffering from learning disability, if he is unable to read, write or learn properly at a specific age. (
  • For example, a child might learn how to make eye contact or to stand at a comfortable distance from another person. (
  • Fact Vs. Fiction: Is It Easier To Learn Languages As A Kid? (
  • Which Language Do You Want to Learn? (
  • You've probably heard the claim that it's much easier to learn a language when you're young, but the evidence we've found tells a different story. (
  • Is it easier to learn languages as a kid? (
  • Old-fashioned language learning can be painful, but there's a better way to learn. (
  • We're very hopeful that it will make a significant impact in the deaf community, helping more deaf children learn how to read at the same level as hearing children," added Mark Wheatley, executive director at European Union of the Deaf. (
  • But to learn a new language properly, it is of course best to travel to a country where the language is spoken. (
  • Rather than just describing what children can do at different ages Rowland explains why these research findings are important and what they tell us about how children acquire language. (
  • The process takes place when a school-age child begins to acquire language through learning how it is spoken and parody. (
  • What Are the Signs of a Speech or Language Delay? (
  • Milan (AsiaNews) - The ability to give voice to the Gospel in all languages is one of the great signs of the Spirit that on the Solemnity of Pentecost the Church celebrates today. (
  • Join us in 2021 so that we can keep supporting schools who support our children. (
  • Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information in Multiple Languages page. (
  • If you contact Kids Help Phone's phone counselling service as an adult, we'll help you get the support you need. (
  • Learning a language as an adult might actually be easier - and more fun - than you think. (
  • Adult brains also change after only a couple of minutes of contact with a new language. (
  • At age 1, the caregivers indicated whether their children could respond to a list of simple words, and whether they could point with a finger or make other gestures to communicate. (
  • We continue to build out this site and are hoping to soon add resources and links specific to parents and caregivers of children with disabilities. (
  • How To Help Children With Speech & Language Delay? (
  • Speech-Language Pathology services help children and their families with communication and eating, feeding, and swallowing, so they can participate in activities that are important to them. (
  • Good bathroom habits may help children have more dry days and nights. (
  • Simon, On reflection, it seems clear your comments were in response to my statement "It must be this way because there is arguably no "universal grammar" that specifies the syntax of all natural languages. (
  • Language arts programs listed in this section cover most areas of language arts (reading/literature, writing, grammar, spelling and handwriting) in one curriculum, although some skill areas may be covered with less intensity than a focused, stand-alone course. (
  • Following this review, we outline what we see as important developmental issues that need to be addressed in order to determine the extent to which language and conceptual knowledge are embodied and to refine theories of embodied cognition. (
  • We will work together so you and your child are supported to move to the next developmental stage or between providers and services. (
  • Jonny Lang struggles to balance his home and professional lives. (
  • Babbling stages takes place for about six months as the child struggles to make heard sounds. (
  • Second language attainment deals with both infants and school-age gain of additional languages. (
  • No one can guess, since the language is from Africa, and the audience speaks only European languages. (
  • We are pleased to be able to direct people to a counsellor who speaks their native language. (
  • Armed rangers stand by an ordained tree during the launch of the Prey Lang Forest Protection Social and Behaviour Change Communication Campaign (SBCC) in Kampong Thom province on Tuesday. (
  • Translating is the process of transferring written communication from one language to another. (
  • A child suffering from communication problem needs to visit a speech pathologist for a detailed evaluation. (
  • Releases can be signed to permit ongoing communication between the speech-language pathologists. (
  • Graduate students from the SLP track brought materials such as toys and crafts to demonstrate how we integrate play when teaching language to children with communication challenges. (
  • Crowdfunding to send book packages to Primary Schools and SEND services within the U.K, supporting children with Speech, Language & Communication Needs. (
  • We were contacted by Speech Therapists, SENCOs, Teachers, Play Therapists and Parents - and with the incredible support from our fundraisers, we were able to create and deliver book collections tailored to the needs of each request to support children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs. (
  • We know that in every classroom, there are 2-3 children who have some form of Speech, Language and Communication Need (SLCN). (
  • Please share our fundraiser so that we can continue to donate to schools and raise awareness for children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs - we have 5 schools already on or waiting list. (
  • This means we can keep going, keep donating and keep making sure that children with speech, language and communication needs see their voices reflected in the stories they read. (
  • It is a non-profit, parent-led project that shares and donates inclusive stories for Children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs. (
  • Erin Ingvalson, MD, assistant professor at Florida State University who began work on the project as a post-doctoral student at Northwestern University, said "our goal is to eliminate the gap in language outcomes often found when children with hearing loss are compared to those with normal hearing. (
  • These magnetic tiles along with a wood walker toy represents one of the best ways to keep your child entertained and work on its education at the same time. (
  • Family celebrations often attract a large group of cousins, nieces, and other relatives, usually younger, who have just returned from the cities where they work and have never learned well or forgotten the Aboriginal language. (
  • Both speech-language pathologists listen to the patient, review specific articulations, discuss techniques and work together to develop an effective treatment plan. (
  • This summer, members of the speech, language, and hearing sciences department participated in a speaker series event called "You Can Be Anything You Want to Be" aimed at providing positive work role models from a wide variety of professions to speak to youth about their career choices. (
  • We integrated various activities to show children our work in a dynamic and fun way. (
  • The rock in the hard place that we're in now is the DARE drug classes didn't work but that language is sort of accurate now. (
  • Researcher-curated dictionaries/style guides create an always-dated image of youth language that misses the way young people actually speak, because that youth language evolves too quickly to be reflected in formal research. (
  • Are they learning every day at school that their language, the one they speak to those they love most, is not worthy of being in books? (
  • This episode Sam, Mike and Julie shine a spotlight on 9 year, Libby who teaches Sam how to speak the secret language of Pig Latin! (
  • However, if your child is facing a longer delay, the best solution is to speak to the expert who can take an exam to see if there are some more complex problems that are causing that. (
  • If you speak another language, assistance services, free of charge, are available to you. (
  • Each lesson is interactive and full immersion, meaning that the teacher and students speak only in the target language. (
  • The dilemma between local cultures to be preserved and the need of parents and the Church itself to educate them to speak and profess their faith in Mandarin, the language of the cities. (
  • Tisserand notes, "on the other hand, is declining because parents are reluctant to speak to their children in their mother tongue. (
  • But now I understand better the attitude of mothers who, while deploring the disappearance of the language of the elders, still choose to speak to their children in Mandarin from the beginning of their lives. (
  • Like other children, most bilingual children speak their first words by age one (i.e., mama, dada). (
  • Previous research has focused mainly on perceptual achievements, while far less attention has been paid to speech and language production, i.e. to how well do CI children speak? (
  • A child with a language delay might say words well but only be able to put two words together. (
  • A child with a speech delay might use words and phrases to express ideas but be hard to understand. (
  • Multilingual children often impress those around them. (
  • The Manne Research Institute is focused on improving child health, transforming pediatric medicine and ensuring healthier futures through the relentless pursuit of knowledge. (
  • The advantage of this method is that morphological operations in languages are being analyzed in terms of quantifiable notions, which makes cross-linguistic comparisons quantitatively feasible. (
  • Children who start therapy early (before they're 5 years old) tend to have better results than those who begin later. (
  • In an interview last weekend from a tour stop in Oregon, the 37-year-old talked about his children, his first new album in four years and those grimacing faces he makes while playing his famous guitar solos. (
  • I want to be home and not miss these early years with the kids. (
  • By 4 years old , a child should be mostly understood, even by people who don't know the child. (
  • He then plays a video, which shows the woman standing in a small village with a child perhaps only 3 years old. (
  • We have been teaching Chinese for many years, still not many people fluent in this language," Zhang said. (
  • Have you ever moved to foreign county with kids of 3-5 years old? (
  • Methods: Ten children (8-11 years old) with DLD completed 15 sessions of narrative-based language intervention. (
  • The SLP will show the child how to make certain sounds, such as the "r" sound, and may show how to move the tongue to make specific sounds. (
  • For instance, don't be harsh when the child make a mistake with some words, and express that. (
  • This is even more true for the languages of the various Aboriginal tribes, which together make up only 2 percent or 3 percent of the population. (
  • We created StorySign to help make it possible for families with deaf children to enjoy an enriched story time. (
  • If a child is not equally fluent in both languages, he or she is not truly bilingual. (
  • Just because someone is not equally fluent in both languages does not mean he or she is not bilingual. (
  • This system--the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES)--has developed three major tools for child language research: (1) the CHILDES database of transcripts, (2) the CHAT system for transcribing and coding data, and (3) the CLAN programs for analysing CHAT files. (
  • We propose that in order for an embodied cognition perspective to be refined and advanced as a lifelong theory of cognition, it is important to consider what can be learned from research with children. (
  • For this purpose the fellow established a new research collaboration with the ENT group at Vienna General Hospital (AKH) where testing of the German-speaking CI children took place, after successful application to the Ethics Committee of the Medical University of Vienna (EK.NR.1027/2013). (
  • Implications: Further research is needed to gain an understanding of who benefits most from narrative-based language intervention. (
  • And while research has shown that these scare tactics weren't actually effective in preventing use , Seldeen noted that the language of DARE is now more relevant than ever with the introduction of fentanyl. (
  • It is a myth that children have more flexible brains. (
  • Speech is the verbal expression of language and includes articulation (the way we form sounds and words). (
  • With regard to children, the tools below have been created, or adapted, as being especially useful in the early stages of language support with newly arriving refugee children. (
  • As in many other countries, the race for good schools starts early in Taiwan, and parents do not want to penalize their children by delaying learning the common language. (
  • It takes countless hours (and countless dollars) to find books in other languages and get them in the classroom. (
  • And it is exponentially more costly to find the same books in other languages from even more cultural perspectives. (
  • How Do I Find a Speech-Language Therapist? (
  • If you're currently outside of Canada, you can use Child Helpline International's website to find helplines across the world. (
  • You can find a speech-language pathologist on your own, or ask your health care provider to refer you to one. (
  • A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to health, science, and the environment we live in today. (
  • Moreover, while pointing to stuff is common for kids when they are under 2 of age, you can start motivating it to use words when it need something. (
  • In Taiwan today, the common language for interethnic exchanges is Mandarin, the official language, taught in all schools and widely used in television, administration and department stores. (
  • We should be good friends forever, love is our common language. (
  • A common question among parents of children with asthma is if their kids can play sports. (
  • It's a common parental lament: "I should have made sure my child learned a language when they were really young - it's so much easier at that age. (
  • Children who failed the screening and a similar number of controls were then administered a diagnostic battery (n = 2,084) that provided for a diagnosis of SLI using common diagnostic standards. (
  • Both daytime wetting and bedwetting are common-and tend to fade away as children mature. (