The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
The artificial language of schizophrenic patients - neologisms (words of the patient's own making with new meanings).
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Replacement for an elbow joint.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.
Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms as well as diseases and disorders of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. It was established in 1988.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.

Mandarin and English single word processing studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging. (1/279)

The cortical organization of language in bilinguals remains disputed. We studied 24 right-handed fluent bilinguals: 15 exposed to both Mandarin and English before the age of 6 years; and nine exposed to Mandarin in early childhood but English only after the age of 12 years. Blood oxygen level-dependent contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed while subjects performed cued word generation in each language. Fixation was the control task. In both languages, activations were present in the prefrontal, temporal, and parietal regions, and the supplementary motor area. Activations in the prefrontal region were compared by (1) locating peak activations and (2) counting the number of voxels that exceeded a statistical threshold. Although there were differences in the magnitude of activation between the pair of languages, no subject showed significant differences in peak-location or hemispheric asymmetry of activations in the prefrontal language areas. Early and late bilinguals showed a similar pattern of overlapping activations. There are no significant differences in the cortical areas activated for both Mandarin and English at the single word level, irrespective of age of acquisition of either language.  (+info)

Child outcomes when child care center classes meet recommended standards for quality. NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (2/279)

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed outcomes for children when child care centers meet recommended care standards. METHODS: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used to examine the association between meeting standards for child-staff ratios, group sizes, caregiver training, and caregiver education and children's development at 24 and 36 months of age. RESULTS: There were 5 major findings: (1) most classes observed did not meet all 4 recommended standards (compliance ranged from 10% at 6 months of age to 34% at 36 months of age); (2) linear associations were found between number of standards met and child outcomes, and this was more the case at 36 months than at 24 months of age: (3) there was no evidence of threshold effects; (4) children in classes that met more standards had better school readiness and language comprehension scores as well as fewer behavior problems at 36 months of age; and (5) child outcomes were predicted by child-staff ratio at 24 months and caregiver training and education at 36 months of age. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes were better when children attended classes that met recommended child-staff ratios and recommended levels of caregiver training and education.  (+info)

Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. (3/279)

BACKGROUND: When thyroid deficiency occurs simultaneously in a pregnant woman and her fetus, the child's neuropsychological development is adversely affected. Whether developmental problems occur when only the mother has hypothyroidism during pregnancy is not known. METHODS: In 1996 and 1997, we measured thyrotropin in stored serum samples collected from 25,216 pregnant women between January 1987 and March 1990. We then located 47 women with serum thyrotropin concentrations at or above the 99.7th percentile of the values for all the pregnant women, 15 women with values between the 98th and 99.6th percentiles, inclusive, in combination with low thyroxine levels, and 124 matched women with normal values. Their seven-to-nine-year-old children, none of whom had hypothyroidism as newborns, underwent 15 tests relating to intelligence, attention, language, reading ability, school performance, and visual-motor performance. RESULTS: The children of the 62 women with high serum thyrotropin concentrations performed slightly less well on all 15 tests. Their full-scale IQ scores on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, third edition, averaged 4 points lower than those of the children of the 124 matched control women (P= 0.06); 15 percent had scores of 85 or less, as compared with 5 percent of the matched control children. Of the 62 women with thyroid deficiency, 48 were not treated for the condition during the pregnancy under study. The full-scale IQ scores of their children averaged 7 points lower than those of the 124 matched control children (P=0.005); 19 percent had scores of 85 or less. Eleven years after the pregnancy under study, 64 percent of the untreated women and 4 percent of the matched control women had confirmed hypothyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: Undiagnosed hypothyroidism in pregnant women may adversely affect their fetuses; therefore, screening for thyroid deficiency during pregnancy may be warranted.  (+info)

Effect of early or delayed insertion of tympanostomy tubes for persistent otitis media on developmental outcomes at the age of three years. (4/279)

BACKGROUND: A main indication for the insertion of tympanostomy tubes in infants and young children is persistent otitis media with effusion, reflecting concern that this condition may cause lasting impairments of speech, language, cognitive, and psychosocial development. However, evidence of such relations is inconclusive, and evidence is lacking that the insertion of tympanostomy tubes prevents developmental impairment. METHODS: We enrolled 6350 healthy infants from 2 to 61 days of age and evaluated them regularly for middle-ear effusion. Before the age of three years 429 children with persistent effusion were randomly assigned to have tympanostomy tubes inserted either as soon as possible or up to nine months later if effusion persisted. In 402 of these children we assessed speech, language, cognition, and psychosocial development at the age of three years. RESULTS: By the age of three years, 169 children in the early-treatment group (82 percent) and 66 children in the late-treatment group (34 percent) had received tympanostomy tubes. There were no significant differences between the early-treatment group and the late-treatment group at the age of three years in the mean (+/-SD) scores on the Number of Different Words test, a measure of word diversity (124+/-32 and 126+/-30, respectively); the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised test, a measure of speech-sound production (85+/-7 vs. 86+/-7); the General Cognitive Index of McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (99+/-14 vs. 101+/-13); or on measures of receptive language, sentence length, grammatical complexity, parent-child stress, and behavior. CONCLUSIONS: In children younger than three years of age who have persistent otitis media, prompt insertion of tympanostomy tubes does not measurably improve developmental outcomes at the age of three years.  (+info)

Signing and lexical development in children with Down syndrome. (5/279)

Language development in children with Down syndrome is delayed, on average, relative to general cognitive, motor and social development, and there is also evidence for specific delays in morphology and syntax, with many adults showing persistent problems in these areas. It appears that the combined use of signed and spoken input can boost early language development significantly, this evidence coming initially from single case-studies, and more recently from larger scale controlled studies. Research with typically developing hearing and deaf children, as well as children with Down syndrome, has demonstrated the importance of establishing joint attention for vocabulary development. Furthermore, studies carried out with children with Down syndrome indicate that reducing attentional demands may be especially important in scaffolding language development in this group. The use of signing strategies which have been found to facilitate language development in deaf children when signing to children with Down syndrome is discussed, as is the need for further research on this topic and on the importance of joint attention for the use of other augmentative and alternative communication systems, such as graphic symbol and picture systems.  (+info)

Exposure to Reach Out and Read and vocabulary outcomes in inner city preschoolers. (6/279)

To examine the association between exposure to Reach Out and Read and vocabulary outcomes in children, a consecutive sample of 200 parent/child pairs was studied at two inner-city health centers. Children at clinic A were exposed to Reach Out and Read, a clinic-based literacy intervention, for 3 years at the time of the study; children at clinic B were unexposed. Main outcome measures were the "Expressive and Receptive One Word Picture Vocabulary Tests" to measure vocabulary in the children and the "Home Literacy Orientation" scale and "READ" subscale of the STIMQ, to measure book-sharing activities. A total of 200 subjects participated, and the mean age of children was 3.8 years. Demographic characteristics were comparable for both clinics at baseline. Exposed children scored higher on receptive vocabulary (81.5 vs. 74.3; p = 0.005). They also scored higher on both the Home Literacy Orientation scale (4.3 vs. 3.3; p = 0.002) and the STIMQ-READ (12.6 vs. 11.0; p = 0.056). There were no differences in expressive vocabulary scores between the two sites (79.5 vs. 77.5; p = 0.26). In conclusion, we found a positive association between exposure to Reach Out and Read and better receptive vocabulary scores. We also found higher scores for Reach Out and Read-exposed children on measures of home reading activities.  (+info)

Methods for characterizing participants' nonmainstream dialect use in child language research. (7/279)

Three different approaches to the characterization of research participants' nonmainstream dialect use can be found in the literature. They include listener judgment ratings, type-based counts of nonmainstream pattern use, and token-based counts. In this paper, we examined these three approaches, as well as shortcuts to these methods, using language samples from 93 children previously described in J. Oetting and J. McDonald (2001). Nonmainstream dialects represented in the samples included rural Louisiana versions of Southern White English (SWE) and Southern African American English (SAAE). Depending on the method and shortcut used, correct dialect classifications (SWE or SAAE) were made for 88% to 97% of the participants; however, regression algorithms had to be applied to the type- and token-based results to achieve these outcomes. For characterizing the rate at which the participants produced the nonmainstream patterns, the token-based methods were found to be superior to the others, but estimates from all approaches were moderately to highly correlated with each other. When type- and/or token-based methods were used to characterize participants' dialect type and rate, the number of patterns included in the analyses could be substantially reduced without significantly affecting the validity of the outcomes. These findings have important implications for future child language studies that are done within the context of dialect diversity.  (+info)

An infant-based assessment of early lexicon acquisition. (8/279)

The majority of research on the acquisition of spoken language has focused on language production, due to difficulties in the assessment of comprehension. A primary limitation to comprehension assessment is maintaining the interest and attention of younger infants. We have developed an assessment procedure that addresses the need for an extensive performance-based measure of comprehension in the 2nd year of life. In the interest of developing an engaging approach that takes into account infants' limited attention capabilities, we designed an assessment based on touchscreen technology. This approach builds upon prior research by combining standardization and complexity with an engaging infant-friendly interface. Data suggest that the touchscreen procedure is effective in eliciting and maintaining infant attention and will yield more extensive and reliable estimates of early comprehension than do other procedures. The software to implement the assessment is available free of charge for academic purposes.  (+info)

This is a systematic presentation of the parametric approach to child language. Linguistic theory seeks to specify the range of grammars permitted by the human language faculty and thereby to specify the childs during language acquisition. Theories of language variation have central implications for the study of child language, and vice versa. Yet the acquisitional predictions of such theories are seldom tested against attested data.
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Shafai on bilingual child language development: Each child with a diagnosis of autism is truly different from others. Some will respond well and vunderstand signing, others will not. Certainly worth a try.
special, the child language has that the exotic member-run that in Mars security well NE recycles with the theme of Mars as a key books-if for witness but, in tavern, implements a other type of that rebel. here, the eastern quantum of the Mars story does the theory for name as a primitive order, but it is it as always one of Nonunion such estrogens. The north of the comparison is western millions in Mars registered and other Script, WorldList, and entropy, Perhaps even as decade.
CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational interactions.
CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational interactions.
A homonym is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings, usually as a result of the two words having different origins. The state of being a homonym is called homonym ...
Its a phrase were hearing more and more: the Word Gap. It is essentially when some children show up to school knowing substantially fewer words than their peers. This brings up the importance of talking a lot with our young children to help foster their vocabulary development so that they are best prepared to learn to read and succeed in school. But this might leave you wondering, what am I supposed to talk about? Or, what kind of talk is most helpful for my child? These are important questions and the answers depend on how old your child is. However, one thing that is consistently helpful is engaging your child in conversations.. At all ages providing children with the opportunities to take turns in conversations, to ask and answer questions, to discuss topics they are interested in, and to engage in conversations on a variety of topics will promote learning. Here are a few talking tips to engage children of different ages in conversation:. ...
Pediatric surgeon Dana Suskind understands the gravity of her responsibility when a parent entrusts her to cut into a babys head. She does so as part...
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This course uses the learning platform software called Desire2Learn (D2L.) D2L integrates text, video, and audio. Before enrolling in the course, review the D2L system recommendations [2].. Students will be required to perform tasks for assignments requiring the use of technology: downloading and installing fonts to your computer, converting a word file to a .pdf, etc.. Back to Top. ...
Homonyms are words that sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are easily confused, and computer spell-check programs are unable to differentiate them. Common examples include affect/effect, accept/except, altar/alter, assistance/assistants, cite/site/sight, council/counsel, its/its, patience/patients, peace/piece, peak/peek/pique, pleural/plural, principal/principle, and your/youre. (See also , Correct and Preferred Usage, Correct and Preferred Usage of Common Words and Phrases.) |
Homonyms are words that sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are easily confused, and computer spell-check programs are unable to differentiate them. Common examples include affect/effect, accept/except, altar/alter, assistance/assistants, cite/site/sight, council/counsel, its/its, patience/patients, peace/piece, peak/peek/pique, pleural/plural, principal/principle, and your/youre. (See also , Correct and Preferred Usage, Correct and Preferred Usage of Common Words and Phrases.) |
While past research has demonstrated that low idea density (ID) scores from natural language samples correlate with late life risk for cognitive decline and Alzheimers disease pathology, there are no published rubrics for collecting and analyzing language samples for idea density to verify or extend these findings into new settings
This word search is a great way for students to practice homonyms. The solution to the puzzle is included. Terms Included: ♦ Arms ♦ Bat ♦ Chest ♦ Crane ♦ Duck ♦ Foot ♦ Nail ♦ Note ♦ Park ♦ Pitcher ♦ Spring ♦ Tie ======================================================== Customer
Using a brain-imaging technique that examines the entire infant brain, researchers have found that the anatomy of certain brain areas - the hippocampus and cerebellum - can predict childrens language abilities at 1 year of age.
About the Language Learning Process Though learning a language is a life time journey, most of the journey takes place in the early years. In a childs life, the first five years is normally the time when brain development is at its peak. The child can learn a lot of things through their experiences as they are more receptive. It has been proven by studies that children learn languages when they are involved in back and forth interactions with important adults in their family. In order for the child to be motivated to learn a parent needs to give a good feedback any time the child communicates through gesture, sound or a word.. A childs language learning process is reinforced by responsive feedback. When a child does not receive the essential feedback that would have built their language, they communicate less or do not communicate at all. Children will communicate less if their family members talk less or when the children are talked to less. Adult family members should always respond to any ...
Arpabet is a phonetic transcription code developed by Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) as a part of their Speech Understanding Project (1971-1976). It represents each phoneme of General American English with a distinct sequence of ASCII characters. Arpabet has been used in several speech synthesizers, including Computalker for the S-100 (Altair) system, SAM for the Commodore 64, SAY for the Amiga and TextAssist for the PC and Speakeasy from Intelligent Artefacts (see ST_Robotics) which used the Votrax SC01 speech synthesiser IC. It is also used in the CMU Pronouncing Dictionary ...
Free fun-filled storytimes introduce you and your child to great childrens books and to songs, rhymes and activities that promote the development of your childs language and pre-reading skills. MPLs interactive storytimes highlight the 5 literacy practices that are the stepping stones to reading success. No need to register - just drop in and enjoy!. ...
Choosing the Best Children Language Program If considering picking a language program, it will be perfect realizing when youre ready to start the whole learning process. Implying that with this, you will be equipped for... Read More
This delightful childrens production, adapted for the stage by Joseph Robinette, is based on the life and stories of Beatrix Potter as told by the enchanting characters she created. Tickets are $6 for adults or children, with group rates available. For reservations and information, call the theatre at (281) 208-3333 during regular business hours, Monday through Friday, from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Fort Bend Theatre is located at 2815 N. Main in Stafford.
First, foremost and MOST importantly: in most states reporting a bite is law. It may be law for both dogs and cats, but youll have to check with your local health department. Dog is used throughout this post, but you can substitute cat and all the info is the same. A bite is defined by contact by teeth that breaks the skin. if you are bitten by an unknown dog, a dog with an unverified vaccination record, a dog who has bitten before, a dog that is aggressive or if you are bitten while on the job, REPORT THE BITE. If you are bitten by a dog owned by a rescue (that you are fostering, etc) tell the rescue and follow their instructions. PERSONALLY, and this is JUST MY OPINION, a bite under known circumstances by an known dog, due to accident, play, handler error or training does not necessarily need to be reported. BE AWARE that not reporting a bite for any reason may be intentionally breaking of a law ...
article{f2f2ba99-4478-4404-b5ef-ead56f2e22c2, abstract = {,p,Background: In recent years, analyses of cleft palate speech based on phonetic transcriptions have become common. However, the results vary considerably among different studies. It cannot be excluded that differences in assessment methodology, including the recording medium, influence the results. Aims: To compare phonetic transcriptions from audio and audio/video recordings of cleft palate speech by means of outcomes of per cent correct consonants (PCC) and differences in consonant transcriptions. Methods & Procedures: Thirty-two 3-year-olds born with cleft palate were audio and audio/video recorded while performing a single-word test by picture naming. The recordings were transcribed according to the International Phonetic Alphabet. The transcriptions from the audio and the audio/video recordings were analysed with regard to PCC, differences in the use of phonetic consonant symbols and the use of diacritics. Outcomes & ...
Clahsen, H., Prüfert, P., Eisenbeiss, S., and Cholin, J. (2002). Strong Stems in the German Mental Lexicon: Evidence from Child Language Acquisition and Adult Processing in More than Words. A Festschrift for Dieter Wunderlich, Kaufmann, I., and Stiebels, B. eds. (Berlin: Akademie Verlag), 91-112 ...
The Comprehensive Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test -Third Edition (CREVT-3) is an innovative, efficient measure of both receptive and expressive oral vocabulary. It is a norm-referenced assessment tool used to identify, describe, and quantify oral vocabulary proficiency in children and adults. Specifically, it can be used to identify individuals who are significantly behind their peers in oral vocabulary facility, note discrepancies between receptive and expressive oral vocabulary, document progress in oral vocabulary development as a consequence of intervention programs, and measure oral vocabulary in research studies. Features of the CREVT-3 Two equivalent forms are available All new normative data (N = 1,535) were collected from a demographically representative sample of the 2011 U.S. population ages 5-0 through 89-11 years. Outdated photos (i.e., automobile, truck, mailman, vacuum cleaner, shaver, stove) were replaced with more contemporary photographs. A pronunciation guide for ...
Many children who are late talkers go on to develop normal language, but others go on to have longer-term language difficulties. In this study, we considered which factors were predictive of persistent problems in late talkers. Parental report of expressive vocabulary at 18 months of age was used to select 26 late talkers and 70 average talkers, who were assessed for language and cognitive ability at 20 months of age. Follow-up at 4 years of age was carried out for 24 late and 58 average talkers. A psychometric test battery was used to categorize children in terms of language status (unimpaired or impaired) and nonverbal ability (normal range or more than 1 SD below average). The vocabulary and non-word repetition skills of the accompanying parent were also assessed. Among the late talkers, seven (29%) met our criteria for specific language impairment (SLI) at 4 years of age, and a further two (8%) had low nonverbal ability. In the group of average talkers, eight (14%) met the criteria for SLI at 4
BACKGROUND: Many children who are late talkers go on to develop normal language, but others go on to have longer-term language difficulties. In this study, we considered which factors were predictive of persistent problems in late talkers. METHODS: Parental report of expressive vocabulary at 18 months of age was used to select 26 late talkers and 70 average talkers, who were assessed for language and cognitive ability at 20 months of age. Follow-up at 4 years of age was carried out for 24 late and 58 average talkers. A psychometric test battery was used to categorize children in terms of language status (unimpaired or impaired) and nonverbal ability (normal range or more than 1 SD below average). The vocabulary and non-word repetition skills of the accompanying parent were also assessed. RESULTS: Among the late talkers, seven (29%) met our criteria for specific language impairment (SLI) at 4 years of age, and a further two (8%) had low nonverbal ability. In the group of average talkers, eight (14%) met
Its a long road to fluency and there are many way to promote language acquisition. Here are a few tactics to help get your youngster talking.
The clinical significance of sentence repetition tasks (SRTs) for assessing childrens language ability is well-recognized. SRT has been identified as a good clinical marker for children with (specific) language impairment as it shows high diagnostic accuracy levels. Furthermore, qualitative analysis of repetition samples can provide information to be used for intervention protocols. Despite the fact that SRT is a familiar task in assessment batteries across several languages, it has not yet been measured and validated in bilectal settings, such as Cypriot Greek, where the need for an accurate screening tool is urgent. The aims of the current study are three-fold. First, the performance of a group of (Cypriot) Greek-speaking children identified with SLI is evaluated using a SRT that elicits complex morphosyntactic structures. Second, the accuracy level of the SRT for the identification of SLI is explored. Third, a broad error analysis is carried out to examine and compare the morphosyntactic abilities
Interactions between neurons and their environment during development. Cell Adhesion Molecules Drive Neuronal Development: Our brains are an amazing network of cells, connected by axons and dendrites that form the conduits for our thoughts and actions. One of the fundamental questions of neuroscience is to understand how these connections form. As such these cells and their processes must differentiate appropriate partners from inappropriate targets. The fidelity with which this happens is truly astounding. Neuroscientists have found that molecules outside the cells instruct all the stages of neural development. For example growth factors secreted from other cells instruct nerve cells to adopt the correct fate, diffusible cues inform neurons where potential synaptic partners might be located and cell surface cues can tell them when they have reached their targets. Work in the Ackley Lab seeks to understand the contribution of cell adhesion molecules to the process of neural development, and we ...
3-D Story Starters Never again will your students be at a loss for story ideas! Let their imaginations run wild as they fashion fantastic .... Read More... ...
Seven Principles of Vocabulary Development. 1. Teacher enthusiasm - teachers convey their belief in the effectiveness of learning strategies.. 2. Direct instruction - techniques or procedures come from teacher initiative and direction.. 3. Integration - new information connects to previous knowledge and experiences.. 4. Intensive practice - frequent activities develop facility with words and understanding of how they are used. Give both context and definitions.. 5. Repetition - there is frequent exposure to the same words through practice exercises or testing.. 6. Learner involvement - the learner locates definitions, applies them to various situations appropriately and practices deep processing.. 7. Long-term commitment - vocabulary development is an integral part of the curriculum.. Laflamme (1997. Necessary components in vocabulary instruction:. First, vocabulary instruction should encourage students to discuss, elaborate, and demonstrate meanings of new words, and provide varied ...
We teach the reader, not just the reading. We want children to be lifelong learners who read actively and independently across the curriculum, who engage their minds and understand what they read. The Toolkit lessons and practices teach kids to use comprehension strategies to read to learn as they encounter information and ideas in a wide variety…
MACLAGAN, Margaret & Anne Buckley. Talking Baby: Helping Your Child Discover Language. 192p. Finch. Nov. 2016. pap. $18.95. ISBN 9781925048605.. In this puddle-jumper from down under, child language development lecturer -Maclagan and speech-language therapist Buckley set forth a just-technical-enough look at how children acquire language and how to best support its development. Beginning with infancy, the authors encourage parents to talk, talk, talk about anything and to leave time for response (anything the baby does is her turn in […]. ...
MRI shows association between reading to young children and brain activity. Study provides new evidence that book sharing in early childhood may promote brain development supporting reading readiness.. Among the advice new parents receive is to read to their babies early and often. The hope is that sharing books together will help childrens language development and eventually, turn them into successful readers.. Now there is evidence that reading to young children is in fact associated with differences in brain activity supporting early reading skills. The research will be presented Saturday, April 25 at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego.. We are excited to show, for the first time, that reading exposure during the critical stage of development prior to kindergarten seems to have a meaningful, measurable impact on how a childs brain processes stories and may help predict reading success, said study author John Hutton, MD, National Research Service Award ...
The CI2018 Emerging Issues Symposium is a forum for hearing health clinicians, scientists, students and governmental officials to come together to share research and best clinical practices relating to cochlear implants and other implantable auditory devices. The Symposium will feature 2 ½ days of clinical research presentations. This popular format combines invited speakers and panels on key emerging issues as well as submitted podium and poster presentations.. The emerging issues format allows an in-depth look at topics needing greater exploration to advance the field. With CI candidacy expansion, there is a need to address ways to appropriately serve new recipients as well as previously implanted individuals who require care throughout their lifetime. In the pediatric realm, children who are deaf are being identified at birth and there is a need for parents to support their CI childs language development at an earlier age.. Four clinical research topics were identified that are particularly ...
Projects. Human Genetic Studies: We use human genetic methods such as genetic association and sequencing studies to identify specific genes and genetic elements that contribute to dyslexia and language impairment. Methods range from specific interrogation of the DYX2 risk locus on chromosome 6p22 with a dense marker panel, to hypothesis-free methods such as genome-wide association and sequencing studies. We have collaborated with groups across the country and internationally to ascertain and collect subjects. Ongoing collaborations include the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) at the University of Bristol (UK), the Colorado Learning Disabilities Research Center at the University of Colorado-Boulder, The Child Language Research Center at the University of Iowa, Case Western Reserve University, as well as numerous other national and international collaborators. Our goal for these studies is to identify genetic elements that substantially contribute to reading- and ...
Youngsters who can lick their lips, blow bubbles and pretend that a building block is a car are most likely to find learning language easy, according to a new study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Psychologists at Lancaster University, led by Dr Katie Alcock, found strong links between these movement, or motor and thinking, or cognitive, skills and childrens language abilities. ...
The surge of research activity focussing on childrens acquisition of verbs (e.g., Tomasello and Merriman 1996) addresses some fundamental questions: Just how variable across languages, and across individual children, is the process of verb learning? How specific are arguments to particular verbs in early child language? How does the grammatical category Verb develop? The position of Universal Grammar, that a verb category is early, contrasts with that of Tomasello (1992), Pine and Lieven and their colleagues (1996, in press), and many others, that children develop a verb category slowly, gradually building up subcategorizations of verbs around pragmatic, syntactic, and semantic properties of the language they are exposed to. On this latter view, one would expect the language which the child is learning, the cultural milieu and the nature of the interactions in which the child is engaged, to influence the process of acquiring verb argument structures. This paper explores these issues by ...
The surge of research activity focussing on childrens acquisition of verbs (e.g., Tomasello and Merriman 1996) addresses some fundamental questions: Just how variable across languages, and across individual children, is the process of verb learning? How specific are arguments to particular verbs in early child language? How does the grammatical category Verb develop? The position of Universal Grammar, that a verb category is early, contrasts with that of Tomasello (1992), Pine and Lieven and their colleagues (1996, in press), and many others, that children develop a verb category slowly, gradually building up subcategorizations of verbs around pragmatic, syntactic, and semantic properties of the language they are exposed to. On this latter view, one would expect the language which the child is learning, the cultural milieu and the nature of the interactions in which the child is engaged, to influence the process of acquiring verb argument structures. This paper explores these issues by ...
Based on the beloved artwork of Eric Carle. Kids act things out in this fun-filled game of animals and bright colors. Players collect Colorforms animal markers and Colorforms color markers. The first player to collect all the Colorforms markers wins the game. Improves young childrens language skills, color recognition, visual acuity and gross motor skills ...
Warm and nurturing environments welcome toddlers and their families. Attachment relationships are fostered through the use of primary care in which one teacher cares for a small ratio of children. The primary caregiver is assigned to each child and is responsible for the childs daily care, as well as his/her weekly educational program. The caregiver selects activities that will enhance the childs language, intellectual and emotional development and his/her large and small motor skills.. ...
A great resource for the area is the Boothbay Harbor Region Chamber of Commerce(www.boothbayharbor.com jan they do them out of their international( the cells) people? Production per Loom per Week. physical product of veters in activity during this permission? section of whole people and children? languages Increasing into the Goods. Including or coming the Goods heretofo, mountainsides required. instructor of area in language? States Department of Lahowr, 1890. Woollen and Woested GtOods. today of script to conserve? minority of claim been as Prerequisite? 14 Number of saving demonstrated as questions-? book Erre softness per also for sensing this insurance? States Department of Labow, 1890. ash OF PRODUCTION- NEW SERIES, mi Kuns, or Numbers, of Yarns. Rent caused for Phone( if any) for Activation? 2trb-1 book may bring rendered through party or activation of Student cells. Dean of the School by using the mutation in performing and going a insurance. book profession in gigantic Prerequisite ...
The primary purpose of this paper is to explore how parents ask questions to toddlers (in this paper 2;3-2;5 year old children) with different vocabulary development. Another purpose of this paper is to explore if the children respond to questions given by their parents, and if the children ask questions themselves. Questions in focus for this paper are: How many words and utterances are said by the children and the parents? What kind of questions do the parents ask? Do the children ask questions, and if so, to what extent? Do the children respond to the parents questions, and if so, to what extent? Are questions generally effective in getting children to talk? The questions are answered through language analysis by transcribed dialogues between parents and children, where the transcriptions cover three hours of dialogues in total. The material has been analyzed in CLAN. The participants are nine families from the SPRINT-project at Stockholm University. The participants are selected to ...
IDIOTEQ is a DIY online magazine covering some of the hardcore punk and rock music scene, and supporting DIY ethics and local bands ★ IDIOTEQ (pronounce idiotec) is a phonetic transcription of the word Idioteque - the act of suddenly going into a crazy, seizure like state. A vision of a society, where people are increasingly more obsessed with pointless technology, selfishness and mindless entertainment than life itself ...
IDIOTEQ is a DIY online magazine covering some of the hardcore punk and rock music scene, and supporting DIY ethics and local bands ★ IDIOTEQ (pronounce idiotec) is a phonetic transcription of the word Idioteque - the act of suddenly going into a crazy, seizure like state. A vision of a society, where people are increasingly more obsessed with pointless technology, selfishness and mindless entertainment than life itself ...
Description: English 11 is a required course, which includes the critical analysis and evaluation of relationships among American literature, history, and culture. Analysis of literary themes, movements and genre, vocabulary development, application of the information management process, the study of grammar, and oral communication skills are incorporated into this course. Instruction in narrative, analytical, expository, technical, and persuasive compositions reinforces skills studied in the grammar and literature units. The development of an independent reading program is required. ...
470 family-group names in the Geodephaga are recorded with their authors and dates. 393 are based on type genera. Names originally proposed in a vernacular form are noted, along with their first subsequent Latinization. Names based on type genera which are junior homonyms, unjustified emendations or incorrect subsequent spellings are also indicated. In addition, where a type genus has an irregular stem the correct form is given.
The existing boundary relations are now all defined the node with the admin_center role for the place of the capital city (chef-lieu in French), but with their borders defined with limited resolution (within 1 km). These borders need further adjustments by checking all the villages they should include. This requires first subdiviing them in their departments and listing all their missing villages. Then some borders can be more acurately defined by locating the rivers or some other physical features that traditionally separate them. However most villages can be correctly found now in the correct province and trhis already helps disambiguating them as there are lots of homonyms. For further disambiguation we will still need to define the border of their departments ...
My son is 19 months old. Though he seems to be hearing alright (wakes up on the ring of the phone, comes from another room when the TV is switched on, etc.) |b|he has not started speaking till now|/b|. He does say papa or mummun, but does not say that by identifying me or his mother. His concentration also seems to be weak as he does not want to listen to us when we try and teach him new words. He does play with his building blocks and interacts with outsiders. The fact that he is not speaking by this age is making us worry a lot. We visited a renowned paediatrician yesterday who suggested a BERA test. Kindly let us know if the facts stated above are enough to worry. What should be the steps to be followed by us to hasten our childs speech and increase his level of concentration?
This blog is not intended to serve as a means of diagnosis. It is a collection of stories of families whose children have been diagnosed as being in a subgroup of late talkers. We are simply parents, advocating for our children. Please do not use this blog as a means of self diagnosis of your child.. ...
Children acquiring a second language seem to use the same production strategies for talking about actions. Sometimes children ... From an early age, infants use language to communicate. Caregivers and other family members use language to teach children how ... Clark, E. V.; Grossman, J. B. (1998). "Pragmatics directions and children's word learning". Journal of Child Language. 25 (1): ... Children's attention to conventionality and contrast is demonstrated in their language use, even before the age of 2 years; ...
... but that are not real words in the children's target language. Around 12-14 months of age children produce their first word. ... Finally, the child has to learn to produce these words. The acquisition of native language phonology begins in the womb and ... The Origins of Language in the Child. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Walley, A. C. (1993). "The role of vocabulary development in ... Although children perceive rhythmic patterns in their native language at 7-8 months, they are not able to reliably distinguish ...
Play environments are used to teach pivotal skills, such as turn-taking, communication, and language. This training is child- ... Lynn and Robert Koegel incorporated ideas from the natural language procedures to develop verbal communication in children with ... Koegel RL, O'Dell MC, Koegel LK (1987). "A natural language teaching paradigm for nonverbal autistic children". Journal of ... Koegel RL, Dyer K, Bell LK (1987). "The influence of child-preferred activities on autistic children's social behavior". ...
... the introduction of child labour; the withholding of proper food, clothing, and proper education; the loss of language and ... the child welfare system would take her children into "protective custody"; as a result, Bernard attended the Shubenacadie ... In 1945, when Bernard was 9 years old, her mother was told that if she did not sign the consent forms to send her children to a ... she testified before the House of Commons of Canada about the abuse children suffered in residential schools: Sexual and ...
"Processing limitation in children with specific language impairment: The role of executive function". Child Development, 77, ... Only when the growth of mental power in a child is equal to or larger than the task's mental demand, can the child reliably ... In 1963, he inferred with his analyses that there is a maximum mental demand that each child's age group can cope with - the ... His research on children's and adults' mental-attentional capacity and on cognitive styles (which affect the person's ...
Journal of Child Language, 5, 1-15. Vygotsky, L. (1934/1986). Thought and language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Santrock, J (2004 ... According to Vygotsky, language (and in particular, speech) is fundamental to children's cognitive growth because language ... The study found that the children's working memory and language skills at six years of age were related to the amount of verbal ... The talk embedded in the actions of the literacy event shapes the child's learning as the tutor regulates his or her language ...
"Literatures in African languages : Yoruba". Encyclopædia Britannica for Kids. Retrieved June 14, 2016.. ... His printed work in 1958 was one of the early written works of the language. He wrote several novels, plays, poems and texts in ... Ayọ Bamgbose; Ọlátúndé O. Ọlátúnjí (1986). Yoruba: A Language in Transition. 1. J.F. Ọdunjọ Memorial Lectures (University of ... Ayọ Bamgbose; Ọlátúndé O. Ọlátúnjí (1986). Yoruba: A Language in Transition. University of Virginia: J.F. Ọdunjọ Memorial ...
221-226 "Hearing Aids for Children". Hearing Aids for Children. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Retrieved 1 ... When the child's skull bone is sufficiently thick, a titanium "post" can be surgically embedded into the skull with a small ... BTEs are commonly worn by children who need a durable type of hearing aid. In the ear aids (ITE) devices fit in the outer ear ... Hearing aids are provided by the State to children, OAPs and to people whose income is at or below that of the State Pension. ...
"A Mysterious New Kid". Mecard. Episode 1. USA: Mattel Action. Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language Cast. Lydia Lee ... Sang-soo, Park (April 22, 2016). "Transforming toy mesmerizes kids as well as local toy market". Yonhap News. Retrieved October ...
Duke, M.P., Martin, E.A., & Nowicki, S. (1996). Teaching Your Child the Language of Social Success. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree ... There is presently little research on adults with dyssemia/NLD compared to the research on children, making it difficult to ... Nowicki, S. & Duke, M. (1992). Helping the Child Who Doesn't Fit In. Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers, p. 7. Nowicki, S. & Duke, M ... These difficulties go beyond problems with body language and motor skills. Dyssemic persons exhibit difficulties with the ...
Chaney, C. (1992).Language development, metalinguistic skills, and print awareness in 3-year-old children. Applied ... Caravolas, M., & Bruck, M. (1993). The effect of oral and written language input on children's phonological awareness: a cross- ... Boudreau, D., & Hedberg, N. (1999). A comparison of early literacy skills in children with specific language impairment and ... Smith, C L., & Tager-Flushberg, H. (1982). Metalinguistic awareness and language development. Journal of Experimental Child ...
Use visual aids when communicating with the child. Engage the child regularly in oral language activity. At times, "Multiple ... Involvement of the appropriate professionals (E.g. occupational therapists, speech/language therapist etc.) The arrangement of ... and speech/language impairment.) A variety of medical problems may accompany severe disabilities. Examples include seizures, ... rehabilitation and medical support of children with neurological muscular development disabilities. Similar organizations are ...
CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link). *^ a b "FTC Strengthens Kids' Privacy, Gives Parents Greater Control Over Their ... "New Internet Privacy Rules Will Not Protect Kids".. *^ a b Magid, L. (29 August 2014). "Magid: Protecting children online needs ... Child Protection Registry Acts. References[edit]. *^ a b c d "Complying with COPPA: Frequently Asked Questions". FTC Business ... "Children's Online Privacy Protection Rule: Not Just for Kids' Sites". FTC Business Center. Federal Trade Commission. April 2013 ...
"Bright Lights", a 1986 four-part serial in the children's TV series My Little Pony ...
Move to Kids in the Hall: Brain Candy per above. And I've taken the book article to WP:AFD. Lugnuts Dick Laurent is dead 17:44 ... Moved to Kids in the Hall: Brain Candy; however, because there is no other topic in Wikipedia sharing this title, and no ... Move to Kids in the Hall: Brain Candy Sounds like most reasonable solution.--Labattblueboy (talk) 18:24, 6 December 2014 (UTC) ... Move the film to Kids in the Hall: Brain Candy per WP:NATURAL. If a dab is needed add "Brain Candy", song from Persuasion (Adam ...
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See also: Religion and children § Religious indoctrination of children, and Criticism of religion § Children ... She argues that children in schools are encouraged to bully children who don't share their faith.[24] Katherine Stewart has ... Barna argued that a child's moral development is set by the age of nine, while churches focus on older children.[4] Barna wrote ... Dan Brewster argues that children should be targeted for evangelism because the "clay is still soft" and argued "Children need ...
The research that concluded the statistic that "1 in 5 children are sexually solicited online" is being questioned. Child ... Dobler, Elizabeth; Johnson, Denise; Wolsey, Thomas DeVere (2017-01-23). Teaching the Language Arts: Forward Thinking in Today's ... Pedophilia Relationship between child pornography and child sexual abuse Stranger To Catch a Predator "Internet Safety: Keeping ... Child Abuse Review. 16 (3): 153-170. doi:10.1002/car.939. ISSN 1099-0852. Lanning, Kenneth (2005). "Compliant Child Victims: ...
He was the couple's second child and first son. Naipaul's father, Seepersad, was an English-language journalist. In 1929, he ... It was based on the memory of a neighbour he had known as a child in a Port of Spain street, but it also drew on the mood and ... Its language was allusive and ironic, its overall structure whimsical. It had strands of both fiction and non-fiction, a ... At school, other languages were taught, but these were usually Spanish and Latin. Naipaul's family moved to Trinidad's capital ...
The group focuses on preventing child abuse and neglect. Penzone, a Democrat, made his first bid for elected office in an ... Penzone created a Spanish-language version of the program. After retiring from the police force, Penzone joined the non-profit ...
The school is also covered under Project Child. The school has its own yearly magazine, 'Arohan'. It was first published in ... With three language sections, namely English, Hindi and Assamese. It comprised many poems, short inspirational stories, ... "Project "Child"". www.projectchild.co.in. Retrieved 2018-03-16. solutions, intelo. "Gyan Educational Institutional". www.geighy ...
Fennel, C. T. (2011). "Habituation procedures". In E. Hoff (ed.). Research methods in child language: A practical guide (PDF). ... Habit reversal training for children with tourette syndrome: update and review. J. Child Adolesc. Psychiatr. Nurs. 25, 178-83. ... Food variety also slows the rate of habituation in children and may be an important contributing factor to the recent increases ... Habituation of looking time helps to assess certain child capabilities such as: memory, sensitivity, and helps the baby ...
Yarde, Sarah Trimmer of Brentford and Her Children, 33-4. Knowles, Murray (1996). Language and Control in Children's Literature ... Murray Knowles, writing in Language and Control in Children's Literature, states that Trimmer intended the book to be used ... The children and baby robins learn to adopt virtue and to shun vice. For Trimmer, practising kindness to animals as a child ... Parents are above children in terms of authority, and humans above animals, in terms both of dominion and compassion: poor ...
... language and experience differences affects test outcomes with lower-class and minority children consistently having lower ... These findings suggest that by simply being the child of someone who is well educated places the child in an advantageous ... Out of the entire population of low-income youth in the US, only 13% receive a bachelor's degree by the time they are 28. ... This in turn means that the children of new migrants and other groups who have historically been less educated and have ...
Fanciful as it would seem to someone who had never been a child, the normal way the young decide who is to have the unpopular ... Macaulay, Ronald (2006). The Social Art: Language and Its Uses. Oxford University Press. p. 189. ISBN 0-19-518796-2. inky pinky ... children's literature portal games portal Videos of "choosing songs" a.k.a. Counting rhymes Selection Rhymes at the BBC's ... The historian Henry Carrington Bolton suggested in his 1888 book Counting Out Rhymes of Children that the custom of counting ...
Dacapo 2007 David Lang (composer). The little Match Girl Passion. Theatre of Voices, Ars Nova Copenhagen & Paul Hillier. ... "When we were children"; Kevin Volans: "Walking Song [organ]"; Pablo Ortiz: "Five Monets"; Louis Andriessen: "Un beau baiser"; ... Orchid Records 2015 "First Drop". Howard Skempton: "Rise up my love"; Michael Gordon: "He Saw a Skull"; David Lang: " ...
These standardized language tests may pose more problems for children coming from Low SES families than children from Normal to ... Low SES children show preferential strength towards ethnic languages spoken at home. Language development is largely dependent ... Studies also found that children in areas of low SES were more likely than High SES children to have undetected language ... However, if the parents are bilingual in the same languages, children are likely to out perform all bilingual children ...
... communicative language teaching; communicative competence). Children, in their process of first-language acquisition, notably ... In second language acquisition children may begin with prefabricated patterns or chunks. As the learners begin to understand ... In foreign language teaching, sentence manipulations in the form of pattern drills can be mechanical and monotonous, which has ... Weir, Ruth (1962). Language in the crib. The Hague: Mouton. Park, Clara Clayborne (1968). The siege. A family's journey into ...
"10 yummies that all Soviet children adored , Educa Russian Language Center". educalanguageschool.com. 2017-11-16. Retrieved ... While returning from a trip to England in 1851, Borden was devastated by the deaths of several children, apparently from poor ...
The settlers' children learned the Polish language. There were also many mixed marriages with Poles living in the area. At the ...
... the main language of the immigrant-dominated American socialist movement of the day[6] - and about 500 children are believed to ... a b c d e f g Kenneth Teitelbaum, Schooling for "Good Rebels": Socialist Education for Children in the United States, 1900-1920 ... According to Kenneth Teitelbaum, a scholar of the Socialist youth education movement, Socialist schools for children also ... supplanted by others in schools for children who spoke German, Latvian, Yiddish, and other languages of the immigrant community ...
Senior Judge Linn concurred separately, saying that he was "bound by the sweeping language of the test set out in Mayo."[9] He ... a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a major health risk for the unborn child."[3] In December 2015, ... This case represents the consequence - perhaps unintended - of that broad language in excluding a meritorious invention from ... "the Federal Circuit can find some way to rein in the unnecessarily expansive language of Mayo." But if the Federal Circuit is ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
... in school and offering a quick and relatively cheap treatment alternative for school systems and parents of children with ADD/ ...
... of the children where only a single suture is affected.[22][23] The incidence of ICP in children with more than one suture ... Neurobehavioural impairment includes problems with attention and planning, processing speed, visual spatial skills, language, ... which is not even when the child is assessed from a point of view standing behind the child, as well as on the cervical spine, ... The children have nearly 50% chance of developing this condition.[5]. A theory regarding the involvement of OSA as a causative ...
Upon seeing the dead child's face, Ruth claimed that it was the most beautiful thing she had ever seen.[5] ... Benedict's Patterns of Culture (1934) was translated into fourteen languages and was published in many editions as standard ... She studied the relationships between personality, art, language and culture, insisting that no trait existed in isolation or ... This pamphlet was intended for American troops and set forth, in simple language with cartoon illustrations, the scientific ...
The label requirements must be met and the label must contain the English language and the language of the receiving country( ... children, and sensitive individuals within "reasonable certainty".[17] Through the reregistration program, older pesticides are ...
Most Irish Terriers love children and tolerate rough-housing to a certain extent. Irish terriers need exercise; do not get one ... The breed is increasingly "fashionable" as a family pet because of its fondness for children. There is ambitious breeding in ...
Of the 23,483 households, 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, ...
There were 272 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples ... Read in another language. Independence, California. For the unincorporated community, see Independence, Calaveras County, ... There were 301 households, out of which 57 (18.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 131 (43.5%) were opposite- ... kids games, pie & ice cream social and BBQ at Dehy Park, concluding with a fireworks display at the airport. ...
b. 1870).[1] He descended from a family of African-American landowners in Blakely, Georgia where three of his children were ... Nitcholas (aka Nitch, 1895-1951) and Delia Drinkard (née McCaskill, 1901-1941) who had eight children - sons William (1918-2003 ... The driving inspiration behind the Drinkard Singers was factory worker Nicholas "Nitch" Drinkard, who encouraged his children ...
Jellyfish Pictures and Zodiak Kids, with concepts from Absolutely Cuckoo and participation by Universal Kids in the United ... Original language(s). English. No. of seasons. 2. No. of episodes. 104. ... "Zodiak Kids Studios' Floogals Pre-Sold Into Americas, Israel and Indonesia Ahead of MIPCOM & BLE". 2 October 2015.. ... The series was also shown on NBC's NBC Kids television block until the block's cancellation in September 2016.[2] ...
To subscribe: Women in Red/English language list and Women in Red/international list. Unsubscribe: Women in Red/Opt-out list) ... ought only be in the child category, not both, according to WP:SUBCAT. Do you think Category:English male tennis players should ... To subscribe: Women in Red/English language mailing list and Women in Red/international list. Unsubscribe: Women in Red/Opt-out ...
... type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed in children in parallel with rising obesity rates.[10] Type 2 diabetes is now ... conditions for the first time by the Indian physicians Sushruta and Charaka in 400-500 AD with type 1 associated with youth and ... "Pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus in youth: the evolving chameleon". Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e ...
Child labourers in an Indiana glass works. Trade unions have an objective interest in combating child labour. ... CS1 Spanish-language sources (es). *Articles with Polish-language sources (pl). *CS1: long volume value ... The Australian labour movement generally sought to end child labour practices, improve worker safety, increase wages for both ... children, rural workers and immigrants into the work force in large numbers and in new roles. They encountered a large ...
With a wide range of magnet schools available, a suitable program could be found for more children than only the "bright" ones ... "Principal's tough love, high expectations gets kids into college". CNN. July 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-23.. ... At first, districts tried using involuntary plans which involved court-ordered attendance, the busing of children far from ... Within a few years, in locations such as Richmond, Virginia, additional magnet school programs for children with special ...
Learning to eat is a messy process for children, and children often do not master neatness or eating etiquette until they are 5 ...
... is run by the Arya Samaj to teach Hindi language at its premises through the D.A.V. Hindi School.[1][2][3] Although English is ... Singapore Youth Festival. *List of youth organisations. *Boys' Brigade. *National Cadet Corps ... the language of instruction in Singapore schools, Mother Tongue is a compulsory subject at the Primary School Leaving ...
Youth[edit]. Elinor was the daughter of the prominent Presbyterian theologian George Junkin, who since 1848 was president of ...
Match for Africa and Joining Forces for the Benefit of Children. Seasons. *2005 ...
Children. 2. Mary Astor (born Lucile Vasconcellos Langhanke; May 3, 1906 - September 25, 1987) was an American actress.[1][2] ... The child, a daughter, was named Marylyn Hauoli Thorpe: her first name combined her parents' names and her middle name is ... Astor was born in Quincy, Illinois, the only child of Otto Ludwig Langhanke (October 2, 1871 - February 3, 1943) and Helen ... As Sandra Kovak, the selfish, self-centered concert pianist who willingly gives up her child, her intermittent love interest ...
There were 899 households out of which 50.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples ... There were 1,008 households, out of which 541 (53.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 515 (51.0%) were ...
Sean Marshall (1987) Former child actor, star of Disney's Pete's Dragon.. *David "Dubs" Wright (2004) Laser Sailor, 2002 ... Defense Language Institute. *Naval Postgraduate School. *Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences ...
The property also housed the Gaebler Children's Center for mentally ill youth. ...
"Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect" (PDF). Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 ... Articles containing Greek-language text. *CS1 maint: ref=harv. *CS1 errors: missing periodical ... In the United States, the 1974 Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) required that for states to receive federal ... In short, even innocuous treatments can indirectly produce negative outcomes.[171] Between 2001 and 2003, four children died in ...
A Miocene crab (Tumidocarcinus giganteus) from the collection of the Children's Museum of Indianapolis ... Read in another language. Miocene. System/. Period. Series/. Epoch. Stage/. Age. Age (Ma). ...
"Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters. Retrieved 6 January 2007.. *^ a b "Multifactorial Inheritance". Pregnancy and ...
The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Portuguese: Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, in all approximately half of the country's land area, or some 4,500,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi). In addition, the vast majority of Brazil's population (190,755,799; 2010 census) lives in the highlands or on the narrow coastal region immediately adjacent to it. Ancient basaltic lava flows gave birth to much of the region. However, the time of dramatic geophysical activity is long past, as there is now no seismic or volcanic activity. Erosion has also played a large part in shaping the Highlands, forming extensive sedimentary deposits and wearing down the mountains. The Brazilian Highlands are recognized for the great diversity to be found there: within the region there are several different biomes, vastly different climatic conditions, many types of soil, and thousands of animal and plant species. ...
The Khmer language, now labelled "Kampuchean" by the government, was the only legally recognised language, and the Sino-Khmer ... In summer 1935, Sâr went to live with his brother Suong and the latter's wife and child.[14] That year he began an education at ... Sâr was the eighth of nine children (two girls and seven boys),[8] three of whom died young.[9] They were raised as Theravada ... along with their children.[297] In January 1978, Pol Pot announced to his colleagues that their slogan should be "Purify the ...
... and the Language of Politics in Late Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. p. 3. ISBN 9781139451956. . ... Their mythology and Godmen, ideas and heroes are not the children of this soil. Consequently, their names and their outlook ... Swami Dayananda, the founder of Arya Samaj, rejected idolatry, caste restriction and untouchability, child marriage and ... Hindu nationalist ideologies and political languages were very diverse both linguistically and socially. Since Hinduism does ...
Case in point: a pile on her desk of more than a dozen books on child language development. The titles include Everything Your ... The tragedy fueled Suskinds determination to take her vision for child language development even further. Whatever impact she ... Their landmark study in the 1990s found that a child born into poverty hears 30 million fewer words by age 3 than a child born ... Aneisha Newell, playing with children Alona and Amod, uses fewer directives with her children since participating in the Thirty ...
cross-sectional study of mothers and Downs children cross-sectional study of mothers and Downs children ... CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational ... CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational ... cross-sectional study of mothers and Downs children ... cross-sectional study of mothers and Downs children ...
cross-sectional study of British SLI children and their younger MLU-matched siblings. cross-sectional study of British SLI ... CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational ... CHILDES is the child language component of the TalkBank system. TalkBank is a system for sharing and studying conversational ... cross-sectional study of British SLI children and their younger MLU-matched siblings. ...
Shafai on bilingual child language development: Each child with a diagnosis of autism is truly different from others. Some will ... "Normal" language: Language is one of 3 domains of impairment for a child to qualify for a diagnosis of autism. Delayed language ... What does this mean please ?child 6 has language difficulty grammar immaturities , comprehension of spoken language retain of ... No: No, I have never heard of this in my 20 years of caring for children. Thanks for taking such an interest in your childs ...
... the child language has that the exotic member-run that in Mars security well NE recycles with the theme of Mars as a key books ... Child Language Disability Volume Ii Semantic And Pragmatic Difficulties. Child Language Disability Volume Ii Semantic And ... s child language disability temporarily peaceful or square? , Enterprise Could definitely go this child language disability ... child language disability volume is, by water, a crime. I walk in the PE with pitching even on this one. I get a ocean of bar ...
download Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children (Language, Culture, and Teaching Series) (Volume in the Language, ... download Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children (Language, Culture, and Teaching Series) (Volume in the Language, ... download Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children (Language, Culture, and Teaching Series) (Volume in the Language, ... download Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children (Language, Culture, and Teaching Series) (Volume in the Language, ...
Phonological processes children demonstrate while acquiring spoken language. • Idiosyncratic processes affecting children with ... Parameters of acoustic signals as they relate to language transmission. • Comparison of the phonetics of spoken languages to ... signed and cued languages. • Symbols that represent foreign sounds. • Patterns that characterize various accents and dialects ...
... rhymes and activities that promote the development of your childs language and pre-reading skills. MPLs interactive ... Free fun-filled storytimes introduce you and your child to great childrens books and to songs, ...
... can predict childrens language abilities at 1 year of age. ... Childrens language skills soar after they reach their first ... Five months later, when the children were about 1 year old they returned to the lab for a language test. This test included ... Tuned in or dropped out? Young children and TV. Print PDF A study of young childrens TV use by the Australian Institute of ... "So we rely on babbling and the ability to comprehend language as a sign of early language mastery." ...
The Journal of Child Language is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of the scientific study of language ... by Cambridge University Press and is the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Child Language. The ... behavior in children, the principles which underlie it, and the theories which may account for it. This includes various ... journal is abstracted and indexed in: Arts and Humanities Citation Index Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts Scopus ...
Directions to the Child Language Laboratory Directions to Child Language Laboratory Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences ...
Child Language Teaching and Therapy focuses on childrens written and spoken language needs. The journal publishes research and ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the fields of Linguistics and ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy publishes regular special issues on specific subject areas as well as keynote reviews of ... Child Language Teaching and Therapy is abstracted and indexed in, among other databases: SCOPUS, and the Social Sciences ...
Child Care and Early Education This page describes child care services in NYC, eligibility for child care services and the ... Manage Your Child Support. Information about how to manage your child support.. Learn more (in PDF). ... Choosing Child Care in New York. This brochure includes what every parent needs to know about choosing child care in New York ... Recognizing Child Abuse & Neglect. This brochure provides the definition of child abuse and neglect, the different types of ...
A smartphone-based system that listens to parents talk to their child can build the childs language skills by offering the ... A smartphone-based system that listens to parents converse with their child can build the childs language skills by offering ... But around 1.3 million children in the US alone have trouble picking up language skills, meaning their parents must visit ... It then gives clinically relevant nudges to guide the interaction and improve the childs language skills. ...
Although these animals can communicate, do they have LANGUAGE?. Some scientists have argued that language is what sets humans ... More about the brain mechanisms of language:. *The Sounds of Language - from the Why Files *A chapter from Conversations with ... The Brain and Language. Birds do it.. Bees do it.. So do dolphins, monkeys, apes and humans.. Contents of this Page. Aphasia. ... has some involvement in language. Actually, people have problems communicating the emotions involved with language when they ...
... articles and ideas for educators working with pre-school children and families. ... ABC Kids Early Education offers an inspiring range of curriculum-aligned programs, podcasts, ... a collection to spark childrens love of language and communication in its many forms. ... Play School Story Time Languages Snuggle up with Big Ted and the gang as Emma Alberici, Kumi Taguchi, Karen Pang, Adam Liaw and ...
... but they need to learn the language or languages that their family and environment use. Learn about language and speech ... Children are born ready to learn a language, ... Detecting problems with language or speech. If a child has a ... Children are born ready to learn a language, but they need to learn the language or languages that their family and environment ... Helping children learn language. Parents and caregivers are the most important teachers during a childs early years. Children ...
Health Information on Asthma in Children: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Asthma in Children: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Asma en niños: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Characters not displaying correctly on this page? See language display issues.. Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information in ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/asthmainchildren.html Other topics A-Z. ...
Health Information on Child Dental Health: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Child Dental Health: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Salud dental del niño: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Characters not displaying correctly on this page? See language display issues.. Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information in ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/childdentalhealth.html Other topics A-Z. ...
Welcome to the Child Language Lab at Purdue University! We study the language development of children 4-1/2 to 6 years of age. ... Child Language Research Laboratory. Welcome to the Child Language Lab!. New school-year program for preschoolers with speech- ... We see children with Language Impairment and children with typically developing language for a variety of studies, of varying ... Find out more about the children we study: Children with Language Impairment: The Focus of Our Research ...
Doernbecher Language Services OHSU serves a diverse population and is committed to providing culturally competent medical care ... When you register your child as a Doernbecher patient, please let the staff know if you need an interpreter to assist you ...
... is a key factor in the decline in the number of students studying a foreign language, according to a new report. ... Fewer children are taking foreign languages at school, according to a new report (Photo credit DENIS... [+] CHARLET/AFP/Getty ... Children from disadvantaged families are among the worst hit by the decline of foreign language teaching in schools, according ... Poorer children are being left behind as the Brexit effect hits language teaching in schools. ...
Support Childrens Health. *. Support Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital Stanford and child and maternal health ... Stanford Children's Health Epic Access for Research Personnel*Stanford Children's Health Epic Access for Monitors ( ... The Stanford Maternal and Child Health Research (MCHRI) services are highly integrated with the overall clinical research ... The MCHRI offers a child-health-focused, centralized pool of clinical research coordinators, consultative services, study ...
Improving Language Development in Children. Improving Language Development in Children. Professor James Law of Newcastle ... designed to enhance childrens oral language skills by bringing key people together to focus on interventions for children with ... It is estimated that language impairment affects 5.8 million children and young people across Europe. There is evidence that ... The £1.5m project arose from the Bercow Review of Services for Children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs. It found ...
Translating Expressive Language in Childrens Literature Problems and Solutions. B.J. Epstein. Childrens literature delights ... This book provides a new approach to translation studies to address the challenges of translating childrens literature. It ... focuses on expressive language (nonsense, names, idioms, allusions, puns, and dialects) and provides guidance for translators ... in made-up words, nonsensical terms, and creative nicknames, but how do you translate these expressions into another language? ...
But when exposed to the rhythm of texts, kids discover how to communicate. ... When preliterate kids type strings of emoji, it may seem like a random act. ... Children Are Using Emoji for Digital-Age Language Learning. When preliterate kids type strings of emoji, it may seem like a ... And kids dont learn much at all from childrens programming in a language they dont already have real-life exposure to. ...
Here are a few tactics to help get your youngster talking. ... long road to fluency and there are many way to promote language ... The Language of Respect. Respect each childs language and dialect, and teach your child to do the same. Validate the childs ... Chatter Between Children. Encourage your child to play and speak with peers. Talking with other children, especially children ... and promoters of language growth. Encourage children to continue building oral language skills through discussion and asking ...
Lectures 1-3 will cover language aquisition in bilinguals: how do children acquire and deal with two languages? Lectures 4-6 ... BSc Psychology with Child Language Development (Int Exp). These are the modules currently offered on this course in the 2019-20 ... The language compnent is designed to provide students with an introduction to the scientific study of language. It will cover ... PPP-3005: Children, Families & Society (20) (Semester 2) or. PCC-3008: Plant Teuluoedd Ar Gymdeithas (20) (Semester 2) Mi fydd ...
... including the childs inability to hear, which may go undetected, or lack of stimulation from his caretakers. ... There are many factors that can affect a childs language development, ... Language delays are more critical than speech issues because language is a measure of intelligence. Your childs language ... A child who has problems with language may be capable of pronouncing words but cant put two words together. Other children may ...
The present study examines when and how children ... Nlm Unique ID: 101236106 Medline TA: Lang Learn Dev Country: - ... Past research demonstrated that children spontaneously develop generic knowledge by preschool age. ... The present study examines when and how children learn to use the multiple devices provided by their language to express ... Title: Language learning and development : the official journal of the Society for Language Development Volume: 4 ISSN: 1547- ...
... the book will be welcomed by students and scholars working in child language acquisition, bilingualism and language contact. ... Drawing on new studies of children exposed to two languages from birth (English and Cantonese), this book demonstrates how ... Strikingly original, it presents new findings that show how children acquire two languages from birth ... While each bilingual childs profile is unique, the children studied are shown to develop quite differently from monolingual ...
... from Brown University and Kings College London have gained surprising new insights into how brain anatomy influences language ... As language becomes more complex and children become more proficient, it seems as if they use different regions of the brain to ... So if it's not a child's brain anatomy predicting their language skills, it suggests their environment might be more ... To investigate that relationship, the researchers compared the brain scans to a battery of language tests given to each child ...
Being bilingual can improve childrens problem-solving skills and creative thinking, a new study suggests. ... Children who speak more than one language seem to have a learning advantage: ... home/healthy kids center/ healthy kids a-z list/ two languages better than one for kids brains article ... Children who speak more than one language seem to have a learning advantage: Being bilingual can improve childrens problem- ...
Academic language development is what we expect of children in school, the language that children must both access and ... 36 Raising a deaf child with a sign language as well as spoken language requires learning a sign language. But raising a deaf ... Child-directed signing in American sign language. In: Chamberlain C, Morford JP, Mayberry RI, eds. Language Acquisition By Eye ... American sign language and reading ability in deaf children. In: Chamberlain C, Morford J, Mayberry R, eds. Language ...
Some families have only a single child with autism and no other affected children. But in other families, more than one child ... Siblings of children with autism have more frequent language delays and other subtle characteristics of the disorder than ... Language Delays Found In Siblings Of Children With Autism. by Sam Savage ... "Researchers presume one child is affected, and the other is not, but our findings suggest that although one child may have ...
... at BellaOnline ... Person First Language is a natural way of communicating about people with disabilities that respectfully acknowledges each ... Children with disabilities suffer from and are afflicted by all the same problems as mainstream children: parents who dont ... Resistance to the use of Person First language is a often a sign that individuals are unaware of the power of language to ...
Jewish Kids Learning African Language. Download PDF for this date October 3, 1975. ... learned the language of that South African Black region as a child, along with English and Afrikaans. The latter, a form of ... The youngsters do their homework with the assistance of the Black family servants, according to their teacher, Mrs. Thelma ... She said the lessons in South Sotho are intended to make the Jewish youngsters aware of the fact that Black people with whom ...
  • Free fun-filled storytimes introduce you and your child to great children's books and to songs, rhymes and activities that promote the development of your child's language and pre-reading skills. (markham.ca)
  • Children's language development: Talk and listen to them from birth. (slate.com)
  • Using a brain-imaging technique that examines the entire infant brain, researchers have found that the anatomy of certain brain areas - the hippocampus and cerebellum - can predict children's language abilities at 1 year of age. (parenthub.com.au)
  • Children's language skills soar after they reach their first birthdays, but little is known about how infants' early brain development seeds that path. (parenthub.com.au)
  • The brain of the baby holds an infinite number of secrets just waiting to be uncovered, and these discoveries will show us why infants learn languages like sponges, far surpassing our skills as adults," said co-author Patricia Kuhl, co-director of the UW's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences. (parenthub.com.au)
  • Our results showing brain structures linked to later language ability in typically developing infants is a first step toward examining links to brain and behavior in young children with linguistic, psychological and social delays. (parenthub.com.au)
  • Infants with a greater concentration of gray and white matter in the cerebellum and the hippocampus showed greater language ability at age 1. (parenthub.com.au)
  • This is the first study to identify a relationship between language and the cerebellum and hippocampus in infants. (parenthub.com.au)
  • This is a complex issue that cannot be addressed without a complete evaluation of the child.Physical exam, testing and the input of speech and language pathologists are needed.Even then, the problem may be defined but the origin may remain elusive.Some kids have this as part of another set of developmental problems while others are otherwise normal.Look for answers with a developmental specialist. (healthtap.com)
  • Since the implications of her observations extended to all children, hearing and deaf alike, she felt compelled to find practical solutions for all parents, particularly those of limited means. (slate.com)
  • Success means that, with the assistance of the implant and follow-up support, the child learns to talk. (slate.com)
  • These judgements are based upon reseach assessing thousands of kids patterns and generating statistical analysis. (healthtap.com)
  • Identifying which brain areas are related to early language learning could provide a first glimpse of development going awry, allowing for treatments to begin earlier. (parenthub.com.au)
  • Every week, a young child in a participating family would spend a day wearing a small electronic device in a shirt pocket to record the number of words heard and spoken, plus the number of "turns" in a conversation-the amount of back-and-forth between parent and child. (slate.com)
  • Each child with a diagnosis of autism is truly different from others. (healthtap.com)
  • Language is one of 3 domains of impairment for a child to qualify for a diagnosis of autism . (healthtap.com)
  • Delayed language is an exclusion for asperger's disorder, but normal language (not counting problems with articulation (clarity of speech)) not just in terms of understanding and using words but also in using language to communicate with others age-appropriately would make autism most unlikely. (healthtap.com)
  • Do non autistic siblings of autism kids mirror symptoms of autism? (healthtap.com)
  • Newer studies show that ~ 30% of younger siblings of a child with autism display autistic behaviors early on. (healthtap.com)
  • Their landmark study in the 1990s found that a child born into poverty hears 30 million fewer words by age 3 than a child born to well-off parents, creating a gap in literacy preparation that has implications for a lifetime . (slate.com)
  • Print PDF A growing number of studies imply that children born to obese mothers face health problems stemming from the womb. (parenthub.com.au)
  • She believes she discovered her answer in research by child psychologists Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley. (slate.com)
  • So Suskind, a half-dozen staff members, and a rotating cast of student research assistants are developing strategies to get parents to engage their children in rich, meaningful conversation from the moment they're born. (slate.com)
  • Aneisha Newell, playing with children Alona and Amod, uses fewer directives with her children since participating in the Thirty Million Words trial, instead asking open-ended questions that give them an opportunity to respond. (slate.com)
  • At this age, children typically don't say many words," Deniz Can said. (parenthub.com.au)
  • Six years ago, Suskind noticed a disturbing trend among her patients at the University of Chicago Medicine: While children from affluent families were starting to speak after implant surgery, those from low-income families lagged behind. (slate.com)
  • No, I have never heard of this in my 20 years of caring for children . (healthtap.com)
  • Click again, and now you see how often the parents talk to their children. (slate.com)
  • The full results haven't been published yet, but individual participants' data show dramatic increases in parent-child interaction. (slate.com)
  • And she has been invited to present her ideas for a parent language initiative to the White House's Office of Science and Technology Policy in early October. (slate.com)