Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Schools: Educational institutions.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.United StatesLongitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.IndiaAdoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)BrazilWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.BangladeshSex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Battered Child Syndrome: A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Lead PoisoningNutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.MexicoAccident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Only Child: Child who has no siblings.TurkeyPuberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.EnglandTobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Great BritainInterpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Child Reactive Disorders: Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Vitamin A Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.ReadingQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.California

The pattern of severe protein-calorie malnutrition in Sudanese children attending a large hospital in The Sudan. (1/75)

One hundred fifty patients suffering from severe protein-calorie malnutrition, admitted in 1 month to the Pediatric wards of Wad Medani Hospital, Sudan, were classified according to the Wellcome classification. Marasmus was the prevailing type. It was common in the 2nd year of life, while kwashiorkor occurred mainly under the age of 12 months. Anthropometric measurements showed that kwashiorkor was an acute disease while marasmus and marasmic kwashiorkor were more chronic. The triceps skinfold was unexpectedly low in kwashiorkor. Of the simple measurements and ratios used for assessing the nutritional status, the head/chest ratio applied ot children over 1 year was not found to be reliable and the weight for head circumference correlated poorly with deficits in other variables. Non of the major clinical features was found to be pathognomonic of any type of severe protein-calorie malnutrition. Megaloblastic anemia was common.  (+info)

Hepatitis B antigen in Montreal blood donors: childhood institutionalization as an epidemiologic factor. (2/75)

In 1971 the Canadian Red Cross blood tranfusion service instituted routine screening for HBAg of all blood donors, using nationwide a standardized counterimmunoelectrophoretic technique. The prevalence of carriers in the Province of Quebec is unusually high (0.51%), being 3 to 12 times higher than in the other nine provinces. Among the carriers found in the Montreal area 289 volunteered to be seen by our group for an extensive interview and a series of laboratory tests. There were 243 men and 46 women; their ages ranged from 18 to 55, 90% being less than 40. Twenty-nine were of foreign origin and 260 were born in Canada. The epidemiologic data revealed that the reservoir of HBAg carriers among the blood donors of the Montreal area was found predominantly in the autochthonous population of French origin. Moreover, it appeared that 149 (52%) had lived in institution when they were infants or children: 127 were orphans and had been placed in institutions as newborns or babies, and 22 others had lived in institutions for at least 1 year between the ages of 5 and 10. This was by far the most important single epidemiologic factor that could contribute to the explanation of the abnormally high prevalence of HBAg carriers in the population studied.  (+info)

Specificity and heterogeneity in children's responses to profound institutional privation. (3/75)

BACKGROUND: The sequelae of profound early privation are varied. AIMS: To delineate the behavioural patterns that are specifically associated with institutional privation. METHOD: A group of 165 children adopted from Romania before the age of 42 months were compared at 4 years and 6 years with 52 non-deprived UK children adopted in infancy. Dysfunction was assessed for seven domains of functioning. The groups were compared on which, and how many, domains were impaired. RESULTS: Attachment problems, inattention/overactivity, quasi-autistic features and cognitive impairment were associated with institutional privation, but emotional difficulties, poor peer relationships and conduct problems were not. Nevertheless, one-fifth of children who spent the longest time in institutions showed normal functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Attachment disorder behaviours, inattention/overactivity and quasi-autistic behaviour constitute institutional privation patterns.  (+info)

Does providing social services with information and advice on immunisation status of "looked after children" improve uptake? (4/75)

We prospectively assessed whether providing social services with information on the immunisation status for a cohort of looked after children in the care of an urban unitary authority in England improved uptake rates. The provision of such information did not improve immunisation coverage in these children.  (+info)

Children of low birthweight in the 1946 national cohort. Behaviour and educational achievement in adolescence. (5/75)

Among 12 468 legitimate single births in the first week of March 1946, 163 weighed 200 g or less (LBW group) and of these 80 survived to 18 years. 6 of the LBW survivors emigrated with their families and 5 have not been traced since birth. The remaining 69 were followed up to the age of 15 at which time two early school leavers were lost to the study. There is evidence that none of the survivors who emigrated or left the sample and serious physical or mental impairment. Compared with individually matched controls, the LBW children showed similar proportions with severe physical, mental, or behavioural handicaps. There are small and statistically nonsignificant differences in favour of the controls in ability and attainment scores at 15 years and in the level of academic qualifications gained by the age of 18. If the mean ability and attainment scores are expressed as an "intelligence quotient" with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15, the LBW group has an average IQ of 93 and the controls of 97. Hospital stay after childbirth was much longer in 1946 than today and many LBW children spent more than 3 weeks in hospital. There is no evidence that long hospital stay was associated with problems of behaviour or learning in adolescence.  (+info)

Pre-placement screening in international adoption. (6/75)

BACKGROUND: The number of child adoptions from abroad is increasing, but the adverse living conditions of these children prior to the adoption raise questions on their medical and neurodevelopmental status, particularly since there are no guidelines for pre- or post-adoption medical evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To describe the condition of a cohort of young children who were candidates for adoption in East European orphanages and foster homes, and to determine those attributes associated with a family's decision to adopt or refuse a particular child. METHODS: Eighty-two young children, median age 11 months, were evaluated by Israeli pediatricians in Eastern Europe between 3 weeks and 6 months prior to their adoption. The evaluation consisted of comprehensive medical and neurodevelopmental testing on site using a battery of standardized assessment tools, and observation of free play and social interactive behaviors recorded on videotape. Laboratory tests included complete blood count, chemistries, serology screening, and metabolic and genetic testing. RESULTS: The children were growth-retarded. Medical problems were classified as resolved (pneumonia and diarrhea) in 32.8%; or ongoing, such as hepatitis B and C, failure to thrive, organomegaly, and visual and hearing disorders, in 14.8%. Neuromotor status was grossly abnormal in 13.4%. Twenty-two percent of the children were rejected for adoption by families in Israel. Factors associated with the adoption decision were performance skills on developmental testing (P = 0.0001), present medical status (P = 0.002), and weight (P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-placement comprehensive screening of children eligible for foreign adoption, which includes developmental screening, helps to identify a wide variety of strengths and impairments in a child's background before the adoption procedure is finalized. A family's decision to adopt or not was associated with the child's performance on Bayley Scales, weight, and current medical status, but not with language delays, serious past medical history or suspect family background.  (+info)

Teaching foster grandparents to train severely handicapped persons. (7/75)

Five foster grandparents were taught training skills for use in their daily interactions with severely handicapped persons in an institution. Following baseline, specific teaching procedures consisting of teacher instructions, prompts, modelling, and praise were implemented. The grandparents' frequency of training three skill areas increased as the specific teaching was implemented in multiple-baseline format. The total amount of training continued as teacher instructions, prompts, and modelling were terminated and praise continued, although the grandparents spent their training time emphasizing only two of the three skill areas. Teacher presence was gradually reduced over an 11-week period, with no decrease in grandparents' frequency of training. Four of the foster grandchildren, all profoundly retarded and multiply handicapped, demonstrated progress throughout the study. Results were discussed in light of the available contributions of foster grandparents in institutional settings and maintenance of staff training.  (+info)

The PedsQL Family Impact Module: preliminary reliability and validity. (8/75)

BACKGROUND: The PedsQL Measurement Model was designed to measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children and adolescents. The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were developed to be integrated with the PedsQL Disease-Specific Modules. The newly developed PedsQL Family Impact Module was designed to measure the impact of pediatric chronic health conditions on parents and the family. The PedsQL Family Impact Module measures parent self-reported physical, emotional, social, and cognitive functioning, communication, and worry. The Module also measures parent-reported family daily activities and family relationships. METHODS: The 36-item PedsQL Family Impact Module was administered to 23 families of medically fragile children with complex chronic health conditions who either resided in a long-term care convalescent hospital or resided at home with their families. RESULTS: Internal consistency reliability was demonstrated for the PedsQL Family Impact Module Total Scale Score (alpha = 0.97), Parent HRQOL Summary Score (alpha = 0.96), Family Functioning Summary Score (alpha = 0.90), and Module Scales (average alpha = 0.90, range = 0.82 - 0.97). The PedsQL Family Impact Module distinguished between families with children in a long-term care facility and families whose children resided at home. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate the preliminary reliability and validity of the PedsQL Family Impact Module in families with children with complex chronic health conditions. The PedsQL Family Impact Module will be further field tested to determine the measurement properties of this new instrument with other pediatric chronic health conditions.  (+info)

*Jane Aronson

Parent Network for the Post-Institutionalized Child, 1999. Severe Sepsis in Infants and Children. Sepsis and Multiorgan Failure ... "World of Children Humanitarian Award". World of Children Award. WorldWide Orphans Foundation and Global Art Ranger Program ... Growth parameters help predict neurologic competence in profoundly deprived institutionalized children in Romania. Pediatric ... Planning for children whose parents are dying of HIV/AIDS. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Pediatric AIDS, 1998- ...

*Barangay Health Volunteers

Basics Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival Project. Newborn Health in the Philippines. Arlington, Virginia, June 2004 ... They provide information, education and motivation services for primary health care, maternal and child health, child rights, ... They provide services for barangays (neighbourhoods) in areas such as maternal, newborn and child health. Barangay Health ... They may administer immunizations and regular weighing of children. They often assist midwives in providing birthing services. ...

*Infant

... on institutionalized children and is represented in the psychological views of Bowlby...[and others]. Common to the different ... When a human child learns to walk, the term "toddler" may be used instead. In British English, an infant school is for children ... Children need more sleep than adults-up to 18 hours for newborn babies, with a declining rate as the child ages. Until babies ... Later in the child's life, these bones will fuse together in a natural process. A protein called noggin is responsible for the ...

*Kathryn McGee

Medical advice in 1960 was typically to institutionalize children with Down Syndrome. After Tricia's birth in 1960, the family ... mentally retarded children rather than "educable" children. For most of those children that meant attending school in ... The birth of her fourth child, Tricia McGee, on March 16, 1960 commenced a decades long effort to bring parents of children ... and opportunity for involvement for the children in the community. In those days children with Down Syndrome were placed in ...

*Dot-probe paradigm

"The effects of early foster care intervention on attention biases in previously institutionalized children in Romania". ...

*Attentional bias

"The effects of early foster care intervention on attention biases in previously institutionalized children in Romania". ...

*Community Alliance for the Ethical Treatment of Youth

CAFETYs' 'Care, NOT Coercion' Campaign seeks to end institutionalized child abuse and human rights violations in institutional ... History of youth rights in the United States Timeline of children's rights in the United States CAFETY Board of Directors ... "Challenges and Opportunities in Children's Mental Health, A View from Families and Youth"; Sarah Dababnah and Janice L. Cooper ... "to create a forum for youth advocacy and support designed to develop and shape youth-guided policies and practices with a ...

*Pica (disorder)

This activity occurs in 75% of 12-month-old infants, and 15% of two-to-three-year-old children. In institutionalized children ... Prevalence rates for children are unknown. Young children commonly place non-nutritious material into the mouth. ... small children, and those with developmental disabilities such as autism. Children eating painted plaster containing lead may ... Additionally, being a child or pregnant woman practicing pica was associated with higher chance of being anemic or having low ...

*Robert Koch Prize

In addition, feces were taken from institutionalized children with hepatitis A and put in milkshakes, which were then fed to ... Past winners include Saul Krugman who injected disabled children with live hepatitis virus.[3] After infecting the children, ... Poor families were often coerced into allowing their children to be included in these "treatments" as a prerequisite for ... admission into the state school which was the only option for working-class families needing care for a child suffering from ...

*Jessie Taft

... spoke often about what she had learned and the diagnostic techniques she pioneered for dealing with institutionalized children ... She then practiced psychology for four years before becoming director of the Child Study Department of the Children's Aid ... to join the Seybert Institution as director of a new Department or Child Study, organizing a school for problem children and ... So for over two decades she worked in the world of child and family services. Her first job was with Katherine Bement Davis as ...

*Social deprivation

Institutionalized children showed a marked decrease in vasopressin and oxytocin levels while interacting with their caregiver ... If a child has limited exposure to language before a certain age, language is difficult or impossible to obtain. Social ... Feral children provide an example of the effects of severe social deprivation during critical developmental periods. There have ... These children had no language skills, limited social understanding, and could not be rehabilitated. Genie, a contemporary ...

*Murray Waas

... detailing how mentally retarded children institutionalized by the District of Columbia government had died because of abuse and ... Waas won an Alicia Patterson Journalism Fellowship in 1992 to research and write about the rights of the institutionalized and ... retarded wards and spurred on the settlement of a civil suit brought against the city government by the parents of children who ...

*MDP Youth Wing

The establishment of the MDP's youth wing in 2010 sought to institutionalise youth involvement across the Party. This was ... MDP Youth Wing, is the youth movement of the Maldivian Democratic Party in Maldives. The organization is made up of all members ... when youth from across the nation joined together in activities such as 'Badhalakah Emmen', 'Youth for Change', and 'Wathan ... The youth wing has since taken a leading role in policy formulation, campaigning, street activism and fundraising, using the ...

*Marie C. Cox

She specifically focused on institutionalized children, who were part of the Foster Care System, in group homes, or those ... drafting the Foster Children's Bill of Rights, and her direction of studies on how the BIA handled native children's care. That ... which evaluated the care given to children under the program. She signed the Bill of Rights for Foster Children, drafted in ... In 1984, Cox was appointed to the board of the Child Welfare League of America and in 1988 she served as a member for the ...

*Reactive attachment disorder

Zeanah CH, Smyke AT, Koga SF, Carlson E (2005). "Attachment in institutionalized and community children in Romania". Child Dev ... 2007). "The prevalence of mental health problems in children 1½ years of age - the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000". J Child ... adoptive children, or children who are maltreated and rates of child abuse and/or neglect or problem behaviors are not a ... The difference between the institutionalized children and the control group had lessened in the follow-up study three years ...

*Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center Program

Research has found MJTC to be more efficacious at treating institutionalized youth than standard JCI rehabilitation programs. ... one psychologist for every 26 youth, one social worker for every 14 youth, and a psychiatric nurse. Each youth in MJTC ... Youth in the treatment group were more than 6 times less likely to engage in felony violence than the comparison group youth, ... For delinquent youth, barriers have developed that restrict the youth's ability and desire to form conventional and productive ...

*Cross Creek Programs

... press release by Coalition Against Institutionalized Child Abuse, Webwire, October 16, 2006 Official website[dead link] ...

*World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools

... press release by Coalition Against Institutionalized Child Abuse, Webwire, October 16, 2006 Kirk Brown, Abbeville school had ... Help at Any Cost: How the Troubled-teen Industry Cons Parents And Hurts Kids See Investigation shows troubled school may be ... Labi, Nadya (July-August 2004). "Want Your Kid to Disappear?". Legal Affairs. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Zelinger, Marshall ( ... Kids from South Florida and beyond are sent to Jamaica to straighten up. Or else". Miami New Times. Archived from the original ...

*List of MeSH codes (M01)

... institutionalized MeSH M01.643.259 --- child, hospitalized MeSH M01.643.364 --- child, institutionalized MeSH M01.643.470 --- ... child MeSH M01.060.406.448 --- child, preschool MeSH M01.060.703 --- infant MeSH M01.060.703.520 --- infant, newborn MeSH ... child, gifted MeSH M01.150.100 --- amputees MeSH M01.150.200 --- disabled children MeSH M01.150.400 --- hearing impaired ... homeless youth MeSH M01.380.600 --- proxy MeSH M01.390.660 --- nurses, male MeSH M01.438.486 --- quadruplets MeSH M01.438.587 ...

*Thayer Learning Center

boot-camp death, by Megan Boehnke, STLtoday.com, October 10, 2007 (Reprint from Coalition against Institutionalized Child Abuse ... This is because TLC wants children to view education as a privilege. Thayer Learning Center employs several certified teachers ... Services Investigative Repor Thayer Learning Center Website Interview with Willa Coalition Against Institutionalized Child ... likely contributed to the death of a child, I urge the FBI to treat this referral with urgency." Despite the allegations, as of ...

*Aspen Achievement Academy

Action Committee Community Alliance for the Fair and Ethical Treatment of Youth Colation Against Institutionalized Child Abuse ... Some parents use the services of a teen escort company to transport their children to the site. The program's website state ...

*Chito Gascon

... passing legislation that institutionalized youth participation in local government (Sangguniang Kabataan) as well as a special ... In 1985, He was elected Chair of the University of the Philippines Student Council in 1985 and led the youth movement that ... law providing for special protection of children from all forms of abuse (RA 7610). He has held several senior positions in ...

*Whole Child International

... of institutionalized children and a lack of major organizations committing to working within orphanages as long as children ... 3 Howes, C., & Hamilton, C. E. (1992). Children's relationships with caregivers: Mothers and child care teachers. Child ... In 2006, Whole Child began training caregivers at the El Diviño Niño children's home in Managua to improve the quality of ... Whole Child International is a U.S.-based non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 2004. Whole Child focuses on improving ...

*Attachment therapy

Institutionalized or abused children often do not conform to adopters conceptualizations of family behaviours and roles. The ... 3. Holding a child until s/he complies with a demand. 4. Hitting a child. 5. Poking a child on any part of his/her body to get ... Blaming the child for one's own rage at the child. 20. Interpreting the child's behaviors as meaning that "s/he does not want ... The child's behavior is referred to in such statements as "Child has a grandiose sense of self-importance" and "Child 'forgets ...

*Wendell Johnson

... lack of regard for the potential harm to the children who participated and in their selection of institutionalized children ... Although new work has determined that children who stutter are doing something different in their speech production than non- ... "The body of data that resulted from Johnson's work on children who stutter and their parents is still the largest collection of ...

*Amden

There were 75 (or 4.7%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 4 persons who were adult children living with ... and 165 who are either institutionalized or live in another type of collective housing. In the 2007 federal election the most ... There were 367 (or 23.0%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 793 (or 49.8 ... 205 children or 12.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 199 teenagers or 12.5% are between 10 and 19. Of the ...
Do You Overcame Severe Social Anxiety Disorder? Join 124 friendly people sharing 17 true stories in the I Overcame Severe Social Anxiety Disorder group. Find forums, advice and chat with groups who share this life experience.
OBJECTIVES & OUTCOMES. The Project is aimed at increasing alcohol and other drug early intervention and treatment services for young people in the designated area.. The project will provide a range of evidence-based treatment and early intervention strategies to meet the needs of young people, their families, and the local community.. ...
This cross-sectional study used interviews with over 1000 adults with learning disabilities within a defined location along with a review of their medical records. Area deprivation was defined by postcode, using Carstairs scores.. The authors found that area deprivation had no influence on access to social supports, daytime primary health-care services or hospital admissions. However, they found that people in more deprived areas made less use of secondary outpatient health care and more use of accident and emergency.. Interestingly, they also found that women living in more deprived areas were in fact more likely to have had a cervical smear.. The authors concluded that deprivation may not therefore contribute to health inequality in populations of people with learning disabilities in the same way as it does in the general population.. Neighbourhood deprivation, health inequalities and service access by adults with intellectual disabilities: a cross-sectional study, Cooper, S et al., in Journal ...
The latest news from the world of politics, economics and technology and media in Russia and the world, internal and external state policy of Russia, and social policy.
Сайт института экономики и управления - новости, полезная информация и контактные данные.
The number of vulnerable families being offered support through a family intervention project (FIP) almost doubled in the past year, according to latest figures.. Department for Education figures show that until 31 March this year 12,850 referrals had been made to services. This compares with 7,231 at the same point in 2010.. But charities involved in running such projects say funding continues to be precarious.. Action for Children have confirmed that since May 2010 five of its FIP services have closed and others are facing budget cuts.. A spokeswoman added that short-term funding continues to be a concern, with most only receiving council funding for 12 months at a time.. She said: "We understand the constraints councils face but it would help if there was greater flexibility to the funding and it wasnt as short term as it is.". Barnardos, which runs 11 FIPs, is having to supplement reductions in council funding with its own funding in some areas .. Government funding for the first FIPs, ...
1) Public Comment 2) Consent Agenda - a) Approval of the Minutes of Februrary 7, 2011. b) Auditing of Checks and Purchase Order Activity. c)John Ball...
Alcohol dependence (AD) afflicts nearly 10% of the US population and causes marked medical morbidity and mortality, marked psychiatric morbidity, increased health care costs, and lost work hours (Saxon, Malte, Sloan, et al., 2006; McFall, Saxon, Thaneemit-Chen, et al., 2007). Alcohol dependence is a biologically, genetically based disease, yet the majority of clinically accepted treatments are behaviorally or psychosocially based (Anton, OMalley, Ciraulo, et al., 2006; Todd, Armeli, Tennen, et al., 2005). Despite the initial success of these treatments, 40-70% of patients relapse within the first 12 months after treatment (McGinnis & Foege, 1993). Research is needed to develop more effective biological treatments.. Currently, only three pharmacological treatments are FDA approved for the treatment of alcohol dependence and all are sub-optimal. None of these medications directly target noradrenergic brain systems. Recent advances in understanding the neurobiology of substance dependence and ...
Half or more of HIV transmission events may occur within the period of high infectivity (and often high risk behavior) that can last 11 months or more after a person is initially infected. Unfortunately, neither test-and-treat intervention methods nor Acute HIV Infection projects have found effective ways to intervene against transmission during this risky recent infection period. The investigators seek to develop effective intervention techniques against HIV transmission during the recent infection period using a combination of injection-, sexual- and social-network-based contact tracing methods; community alerts in the networks and venues of recent infectees; and the logic of going up and down infection chains.. The investigators first Aim is to develop and evaluate ways to locate seeds, defined as drug users and other people who have recently been infected. The investigators second Aim targets members of seeds networks and people who attend their venues. The investigators will test ...
It is not unusual for one of my clients to be utterly surprised when they discover that their dog or cats weight has topped the scale either up or down. Why didnt they notice the change? Its because it often happens slowly and gradually, day by day, right before their eyes.. A rise in weight may be as a result obvious. Just too many treats in but not adequate physical exercise. Although you may believe that you are practicing good portion control, over eating may easily occur. A cup of food to one person just isnt adequate for the next. So they really offer a tad bit more. You merely give `a treat, while the next overly generous family member gives two or three. Additional calories add up very quickly. Are you aware that a one pound weight gain for a Chihuahua is just like a one hundred and twenty five pound woman gaining thirty one pounds?. There are also many fewer evident explanations for an expansion in your pets waist-line. Hormonal problems for instance an underactive thyroid,( ...
It is not unusual for one of my clients to be utterly surprised when they discover that their dog or cats weight has topped the scale either up or down. Why didnt they notice the change? Its because it often happens slowly and gradually, day by day, right before their eyes.. A rise in weight may be as a result obvious. Just too many treats in but not adequate physical exercise. Although you may believe that you are practicing good portion control, over eating may easily occur. A cup of food to one person just isnt adequate for the next. So they really offer a tad bit more. You merely give `a treat, while the next overly generous family member gives two or three. Additional calories add up very quickly. Are you aware that a one pound weight gain for a Chihuahua is just like a one hundred and twenty five pound woman gaining thirty one pounds?. There are also many fewer evident explanations for an expansion in your pets waist-line. Hormonal problems for instance an underactive thyroid,( ...
A general dimensioning method and system for allocating limited transmission resources to various virtual paths defined on top of a physical network. A two-level hierarchical structure is defined with a layer of one or more virtual paths on top of a layer of physical network elements. Traffic demand is specified for each virtual path and the Entropy Rate Function is used as a blocking measure. The loads on the various links are balanced by equalizing blocking probabilities and the optimal allocation of network physical resources is determined.
As a retrospective review of cases, there were no controls, limiting the conclusions from this study. Data recorded were variable in quality, and in particular there were only restricted data on those who were diagnosed by CSP but did not attend GUM. p Values of the univariate tests should be interpreted with caution since many tests were carried out, thereby increasing the risk of type I errors. The deprivation results and Mosaic groups should be interpreted with caution, since such area-level measures of deprivation may not represent the characteristics of individuals. An example of where area-level descriptors may be less helpful is the excess of cases of NG in those aged under 25 years (ie, a young group) in areas typified by containing more older residents (the Mosaic group M-older people reliant on state support: table 1).. Despite these limitations, we have shown that use of NAATs can greatly increase the number of NG cases detected outside of clinic settings and have obtained ...
The OECDs latest Economic Survey of Greece, to be published on Thursday 10 March 2016, looks at the measures needed to tackle the severe social and economic costs of the crisis. It analyses ongoing reforms and recommends a range of further actions to boost growth and jobs. ...
Dental clinic, Dent Art Bucharest, and Dr. Silviu Moraru offer comprehensive dental care and quality dental implant treatment and an unforgettable stay in beautiful Bucharest. Romania is a perfect destination both for dental savings for the whole family and for sightseeing and holidays. Bucharest is the largest Romanian city and the capital and, at the same time, the centre of many cultural events.. The professional dentists at Dent Art Bucharest accept both Romanian and international patients in their modern clinic in a pleasant area of Bucharest. The treatments offered include: all on 4, all on 6, all on 8, veneers, crowns and even teeth whitening.. ...
TIB Bucharest is held in Romexpo Bucharest Exhibition Center Bucharest on 12 to 15 May 2020 showing the companies news of Romania and internationals related to sectors Nuevas tecnologías
Visit Didenta - Drumul Taberei in Bucharest, Romania. See contact details, check prices, read reviews, look at pictures, and get directions. Dentist Bucharest
Ibis Bucharest Gare de Nord is located 3 minutes from the main railway station on foot and just 2 km away from the city center. Here you can spend exciting days of business or leisure. Enjoy 250 fully equipped modern rooms, a French bistrot-restaurant typ
Ana Aslan (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈana asˈlan]; 1 January 1897 - 20 May 1988) was a Romanian biologist and physician who discovered the anti-aging effects of procaine, based on the drugs Gerovital H3 and Aslavital, which she developed. She is considered to be a pioneer of gerontology and geriatrics in Romania. In 1952, she founded the Geriatric Institute of Bucharest. This institute was the first of its kind in the world and was recognized by the World Health Organization. Although her work was controversial, it received international attention. Aslan was the youngest of four children, two brothers and two sisters, born to Margarit and Sofia Aslan. Aslan was said to be a very intellectual child, learning to read and write already by age four. At the age of 13, her father died, and her family then moved to Bucharest, Romania. It was in Bucharest where she began her studies. She graduated from the Central School of Bucharest in 1915. The premature death of her father, whom she was close to, ...
Impact of a community sexually transmitted infection/HIV intervention project on female sex workers in five border provinces of Vietnam ...
Visit Velvet Dental in Bucharest, Romania. Provides Orthodontic Services, Cosmetic Dentistry and Dental Implants. See contact details, prices, reviews and more.
... is one of the oldest university of Romania, founded in he year 1864 by Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza. The university intially has .. .
Bucharest | Scientific research info incl meetings, conferences, seminars, symposia,tradeshows,jobs,jobfairs, professional tips and more.
Radio Evil Zone, The Real Challenge, Bucharest. Listen plus station schedule, song playlist, location and contact information online.
Attachment disorder in adults treatment - How long does reactive attachment disorder typically last, can you get rid of it with treatment? It can last forever. Reactive attachment process is a neurological disruption in social and self regulation created by poor infant nurturing. Individual and family therapy can help. Medications can help. However, it is not an easy thing to repair and often takes years to improve. Having healthy relationships during the rest of child and adult development will help a lot but is often not enough.
Looking for information on Attachment Disorder? Medigest has all you need to know about Attachment Disorder - Symptoms and Signs, Causes, Treatments and definition
Discover why sleep deprivation and low levels of oxygen in the blood may be associated with dementia and other illnesses affecting the brain.
The Romanian travel problem is easily coded as a look-up table using assoc-lists. Encode the cost of traveling between two states such as Arad and Sibiu as an assoc-list with keys being a cons of the two states, e.g., (Arad . Sibiu) and value being the cost, e.g., 140. Likewise, the heuristic estimate is easily coded as a similar look-up table using a different assoc-list. In this case, the cdr of the keys will always be Bucharest as we have no data for any other potential goal state. Generating legal moves can also be done with look-up tables. As the highest connectivity states, Bucharest and Sibiu, have 4 neighbors (Bucharest has neighbors Pitesti, Fagaras, Urzeceni, and Giurgiu), you will need 4 different functions: a function to generate the first neighbor connected to a state, a function to generate the 2nd neighbor, a function to generate the 3rd neighbor and a function to generate the 4th neighbor. For many states, the third neighbor function will return nil as many states have only 2 ...
Attachment Disorder is a mental illness. It is an emotional problem that occurs in the first three years of life and causes children not to attach and bond to their primary caregiver. Without this fundamental attachment, these children often act out behaviorally and are very difficult to parent.
Children of addicted parents can develop psychological and emotional issues, such as reactive attachment disorder. Overcoming addiction is necessary to help in the recovery process of a child.
Reactive attachment disorder results from a lack of healthy relationships with caregivers in early childhood and can lead to addiction later in life.
ROMANIA - Between 19 and 23 October 2011, Biomin Romania has participated in the biggest and most important annual, international fair in the country, INDAGRA 2011.
Almost all of the Romanian children had lived in institutions where conditions were described as "extremely bad", and many were severely underweight and developmentally impaired on arrival in the UK. None of the UK children suffered in this way. Examinations at ages 4 and 6 years showed a pattern of attachment problems, inattention, overactivity, quasi-autistic behaviour, and cognitive impairment in the institutionally deprived children. Emotional difficulties, peer relationship problems, and conduct problems were not more frequent in the Romanian children. Some (around 20%) of the children who spent a long time in institutions seemed unscarred.. Because influenza causes considerable morbidity in children it has been suggested that the indications for influenza vaccination might be expanded and some have considered universal vaccination. Both inactivated (intramuscular) and cold-adapted live attenuated (intranasal) vaccines are effective in children ( ...
A discussion with ALINA CRISTIANA CIRJA, project manager, founder of the Romanian-Finnish School in Bucharest. How did the Romanian-Finnish Schools come to life? It was an initiative of the Bucharest Christian Centre in 2008 and came amid a stringent .... Read More » ...
The lucky winner graduated from the Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara Bucuresti. Felicitări!!! Thank you all for following this blog from all over the world and for interacting with our posts. We love it. :-)
Dar eu ma refer la persoane, obisnuite, din viata civila obisnuita, persoane care au trait, daca ma uit, cel mai adesea, instrumentele lui Dumnezeu au avut absolut de toate in viata, niste persoane despre care se poate spune - cu precizarea ca eu nu le stiu pe toate, dar, de pe internet, am avut ocazia sa "vad cateva - ca au fost si sunt rasfatate, si totusi ele fac ce fac si li se pare lor ca trebuie sa vanda pe bani Mesajele lui Dumnezeu primite de ele ! ...
They really shouldve. Right? They had the time. They had the time, and the resources. They surely had the time and resources to develop technology equal to--or even SUPERIOR---to the Spanish. Humans had been in the Americas since the time of the glaciers, man! They couldve done it. The competitive pressures to innovate---wars, floods, plagues, etc---were EXACTLY the same as the Spanish. They had more than enough physical resources and time to develop and even surpass anything the Spanish had. Time to develop steel, time to develop guns, time even to develop the germ theory of disease that couldve done so much to keep their entire culture from being erased ...
Our volunteers make an enormous difference in the lives of ordinary South Africans across the country through their generous contributions of time, skill, physical resource and commitment to our cause. At the Foundation, we view volunteers as a vital component in our vision of reducing CVD related death in South Africa. The HSFSA is a non-profit organisation with limited resources and actively seeks to recruit volunteers to support the foundation on many of our awareness initiatives.. ...
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Canonical has released a tool for provisioning bare metal hardware called "MAAS" that blurs the lines on how we look at physical resources. Will "metal as a service" be the de-facto standard when it comes to cloud infrastructure?. ...
It was past midnight and we were relaxing in the hotel bar. The mood was jovial, the requisite stories were filed, and the Georgian wine was flowing. Overflowing, perhaps.
Second, I do worry (based on my own expereinces) about the actual diagnosis being made and where they are getting the numbers from. It is pretty well known that not all doctors giving the diagnosis go by the DSM-IV. They instead go off gut feeling or how they think an autstic child looks. Which is why the developmental Ped who tried to give my son a PDD-NOS diagnosis could not explain how he met the DSM-IV or even give examples of things like non-functional ritualistic behavior or self stimulating behavior, or even severe social deficits (especially since the entire visit my son spent the whole time trying to engage the doctor into playing with him!). I have also seen some evidence that the numbers the CDC collects do not stem from medical diagnosis but rather stem from collecting evidence from the school systems on the number of children catagorized as Educational Autism (my son has an educational autism diagnosis for his IEP and the criteria for that is not even close to the medical ...
Second, I do worry (based on my own expereinces) about the actual diagnosis being made and where they are getting the numbers from. It is pretty well known that not all doctors giving the diagnosis go by the DSM-IV. They instead go off gut feeling or how they think an autstic child looks. Which is why the developmental Ped who tried to give my son a PDD-NOS diagnosis could not explain how he met the DSM-IV or even give examples of things like non-functional ritualistic behavior or self stimulating behavior, or even severe social deficits (especially since the entire visit my son spent the whole time trying to engage the doctor into playing with him!). I have also seen some evidence that the numbers the CDC collects do not stem from medical diagnosis but rather stem from collecting evidence from the school systems on the number of children catagorized as Educational Autism (my son has an educational autism diagnosis for his IEP and the criteria for that is not even close to the medical ...
More than 70,000 people in the Romanian capital of Bucharest kept up the pressure on the government late on February 12, creating a human tricolor flag as they called the countrys leaders thieves...
Recently, I was put on Nardil for social phobia. I also suffer from depression so my doctor was hoping the Nardil would help with that as well. Other treatments such as SSRIs have not helped my social phobia. I have been on 75 mg for the last 14 weeks. It hasnt provided any relief. Should I even bother trying to go up to 90 mg if 75 mg hasnt helped at all? I dont understand. I thought Nardil was supposed to be the gold standard for SP. I was told that on the Liebowitz scale I have very severe social phobia ...
Downloadable! The aim of this paper is to review the existing empirical research concerning womens exploitation as a result of policy measures imposed by the World Bank and the IMF, particularly under Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs). The central argument here is that SAPs have not been successful in achieving their basic objectives of adjusting the economies instead, these policies have created severe social problems for the human beings, particularly for the poor and middle-income groups, in the countries where they (SAPs) have been implemented [Beneria and Feldman (1992); Cornia, Jolly and Stewart (1987); Floro (1995); Messkoub (1996) Moser (1989)]. Among these groups, although all members have to mobilise their efforts to support households so as to cope with the economic crisis, women have to bear an unequal share of this burden.
... condition is called hyperhidrosis and occurs in one out of twenty people worldwide. Although this condition is not a danger to life and health it can cause severe social and psychological embarrassment...
Peoples idea is that we, as citizens of our country, must learn to ask for their taxes in power and give her my regards. Wells Fargo Bank may help you with your research. Maybe not all ideas will be, but what you get from the lobby and people will be the result of the civil society. The idea is that we need a fresh start to trust each other, come together to address community issues together. Increasing social density, we will strengthen the immunity of state and cease to be sick from chronic diseases such as: corruption, drug abuse, abandoned children, serious crimes, etc. Learn more about this with Bill Phelan. The form of the disease because chronic, that they are not 100% able to get rid of, but there is a struggle for a declining share. That is 90% of the Corruption reduced to 10% and remove it phenomenon of the massive nature of episodic. When the immune system is working well, he is struggling and does not grow disease, suppresses it. In fact, public-spirited person - a healthy cell in ...
... specializes in teaching Romanian courses for foreigners. Programs are suitable for students of any age and all the levels of the language skills. Types of courses: courses for beginners, intermediate and advanced level: class courses, individual and online courses. Instructors: PhD holders, authors of Romanian manuals for foreigners and University of Bucharest teachers.
We partner with the rescue and shelter communities to provide healthy animals a second chance at adoption. Our program is designed to get healthy animals out of the shelter, live with us while providing lifesaving blood for other pets, and then have the opportunity to be adopted out to loving homes through our adoption program.. Learn More ...
BUCHAREST, July 3 (Reuters) - The Romanian Football Federation (FRF) has decided to appoint a foreigner to replace Anghel Iordanescu as the national team's c...
National Microbiology Research - Development Cantacuzino Institute in Bucharest confirmed Romanias 17th swine flu case. - hotnews, news, articles, press review, politics, economics, sport
Str. 1, Bucharest, Romania (Received October 26, 1998; Revised February 25, 1999; Accepted May 4, 1999) Abstract: Initially, two 2D models are presented in order to emphasize the possible placement of the Trans-European Suture in the rooted zone of the Eastern Carpathians Flysch Nappes System. Then, a conclusive review of the distribution of the main geoelectrical properties on this area is accomplished, pointing out the accuracy of the image reflecting the two types of contrasting basement, without neglecting the complex aspect related to the Carpathian Arc Bend. By correlating the two maps, at the lower crust and basement levels, elaborated by electromagnetic data, new information concerning the particularities of this distinctive tectonic element are brought to light. In addition to it, the two extreme top limits on the map of the lower crust (brittle/ductile transition zone) are revealed the highest one (30 km) eastwards of the Pannonian Basin, and the deepest one (about 50 km) in the ...
Hi folks My name is Sebastian and I live (for the time being) in Bucharest, Romania I just joined, I hope I will have a nice time here.
Epigenetic factors in imprinting diseases Natalia Cucu , PhD, Assisstant Prof, University of Bucharest Gabriela Anton , PhD, Senior Res, Institute of Virology
When one contrasts the answers provided in the survey with the finding ads placed in preparation for international adoption, it becomes clear that almost all of the orphanages surveyed placed a preference for international adoptions. For example, the Guangzhou orphanage in Guangdong claims to have a three-year wait for domestic families, yet this orphanage has adopted internationally at the rate of between 80 and 100 children per year for the last five years. Not all of these children, of course, were healthy young infants, but a high percentage were. Foshan and Qingxin, also in Guangdong, each indicated a wait time of over two years for Chinese families, yet each submits over 25 children annually for international adoption. All of the orphanages in this survey continue to place children internationally, despite the fact that most have families willing to adopt domestically, many with those families waiting several years ...
Haunt |BR> Old City Orphanage |BR> |BR> Marquette Mi 49855. |BR> there is an old orphanage on fisher street that is haunted, it is said that children were beaten and killed in this orphanage also a nun once beat a boy so badly that he died and a funeral service was held for him in the basement only for the children and faculty. The nun did not want to be punished for killing the boy so she had him buried in the nearby cemetery, if you go into the basement late at night you can see the boy laying in the coffin and a green light around it.haunt old city orphanage marquette mi 49855. there is an old orphanage on fisher street that is haunted, it is said that children were beaten and killed in this orphanage also a nun once beat a boy so badly that he died and a funeral service was held for him in the basement only for the children and faculty. the nun did not want to be punished for killing the boy so she had him buried in the nearby cemetery, if you go into the basement late at night you
Chadwicks Orphanage, Bolton James Barlow, the industrialist and philanthropist who funded the first National Childrens Home in Edgworth, was also a trustee of Chadwicks Orphanage, also known as The Chadwick Orphanage.. The orphanage, in Haulgh, Bolton, was funded by Dr Samuel Chadwick, a local doctor, and opened in 1874. The doctor,. as a New Years gift to the town in 1868, had given £17,000 specifically for building the orphanage.. A statue of Dr Chadwick still stands in Victoria Square, Bolton (pictured right).. The Orphanage continued to function until at least 1930. The building was demolished in 1963.. If you have any information about, or memories of, this orpahange, wed love to hear from you. Please email or complete this short form.. ...
Origins and characteristics of Secure attachment v. Insecure Attachment Disorder, Avoidant Attachment Disorder, Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment Disorder, Resistant Attachment Disorder, Disorganized Attachment Disorder, and abandonment issues.
NEW YORK - For decades, international adoptions in the United States had been climbing. They peaked at nearly 23,000 children in 2004. Then, the numbers plummeted.. By 2011, just 9,319 children were adopted, U.S. State Department data shows.. Many adoption advocates blame that decline on the very international agency charged with safeguarding the welfare and well-being of children: the United Nations Childrens Fund, better known as UNICEF.. "I think UNICEF and other organizations like Save the Children, the U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child and other self-styled child-rights organizations are the primary driving force for the elimination of international adoption," Harvard law professor Elizabeth Bartholet, one of the most forceful critics of the international agency, told the Register in an interview.. Officially, UNICEF says that it views international adoption as one of many options for orphaned children, a position that a spokesman reaffirmed in a statement.. But adoption advocates ...
Lastly, some experts readily accept this as a new discovered eating disorder does have a public disaster on our hands. Treatment of children and young adults, sufferers are more complicated than just a momentary good or bad mood, the treating attachment disorder are so intense that they take forward to solve these problems including group therapy, medical treatment, and nutritional counseling. Eating disorders frequently co-occur with other psychiatric disorders such as anti-depressants can be diagnosed and treated effectively at a treatment center that helps individuals who suffer from the treating attachment disorder of chromosome. Children with this social anxiety disorder.. Fragile X syndrome is also speculation that bipolar disorder deal with energy or vibration, and the treating attachment disorder of the treating attachment disorder. This has been suggested but has not yet been approved as a very complex disease to many people, including medical doctors, and rightly so. As with every ...
The White Hope Orphanage We specialize in caring for unique and special children. The children in the orphanage include elves, drow, lycanthropes, selkies, sprites, dragons, and more. Were even equipped to deal with young dragons in the event the need should arise. Our Mission: To provide the best possible care to the many orphans found in Rhydin. We specialize in providing for the needs of unique, special, and magical children. Who We Help: Given the number of wars, disasters, murders, and atrocities that happen daily in Rhydin, it is no surprise many orphans are to be found there. We primarily take in the children that most are unlikely to even be able to deal with. Most cities have orphanages to care for normal children and were more than happy to assist them should they be in need. We maintain contacts with as many of these orphanages as possible and they send us the children they are not equipped to deal with. Where Were Located: We have branches in the cities of Moonblade and Taglios. ...
The laws and requirements for adopting internationally vary from country to country and, as such, the Private and International Adoption Unit grants licenses to practitioners and agencies on a country by country basis. Some agencies may have license for several countries, and licenses for some countries may be granted to several agencies.. Families who are considering an International adoption must have a homestudy completed using the same format as public and private adoptions. They will also attend the same education program. Depending on the country they are applying to, they may need to have other documents or assessment reports included in their dossier. A country may place specific limits or requirements on who may apply to adopt. For example, some countries may require a psychological report or may not accept applications from unmarried applicants or applicants who are beyond a certain age. The length of time it takes to adopt and the fees involved can also vary dramatically from country ...
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Foreign minister Dr. Ibrahim Al-Jaafari met the head of Romanian Senate Mr. Kalin Popescuta Riciano in Bucharest, to discuss the bilateral relations between both countries and developing it in different fields.. We look forward to broader and deeper relations between our two countries, HE said. Romania can play a role in the reconstruction of Iraqi infrastructure in Iraq has been exposed.. Dr. Al-Jaafari stressed on that Iraq was able to get out of its political isolation and get membership of 16 international organizations thanks to its foreign policy and laying bridges with the countries of the world. He called on Mr. Kalin Popescuta Riciano to visit Baghdad in the framework of strengthening relations between the two countries.. from his side, the President of Romanian Senate expressed his admiration for the victory of the Iraqi forces against the terrorist gangs, which returned this victory an important step in the path of stability of the region; and the terrorist challenges in Iraq and ...
... - 1. That awkward moment when you find out that the 9 year old girl you adopted from a questionable orphanage is the spawn of Satan... Read more quotes and sayings about Orphanage.
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IBM will get €21m in state aid from Romanias government for a €51.2m project in the country thats expected to create around 900 jobs.. Big Blue is planning an IT consultancy project in Bucharest and Brasov, the Ministry of Finance told financial daily Ziarul Financier (translated by Google Translate).. The aid package is one of two going to tech firms this year, with the other going to IT outsourcing company Endava. The government hands out bags of cash to firms making large investments, providing they create new jobs in the country.. IBM announced in 2011 that it would be opening up its eleventh centre of excellence in research, specialising in medical R&D, in Târgu Mureş in Romania. The centre would also be eligible for state aid but it was unclear if that centre was included in the €21m package announced, ZF said.. The tech giant had not returned a request for comment at the time of publication. ®. ...
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns German freelance cameraman Christian Gesellmanns violent arrest by police officers while covering an anti-government demonstration in Bucharest on Wednesday 1 February. The police hit Gesellmann and held him for several hours for refusing to delete or surrender the video he had shot of clashes between police officers and hooligans during the protest.
Para comprar clonazepam bucharest, I just started this thread to prevent the Wheaton Eco Scale from going off topic. Please continue this new discussion.
Precious.org: The Largest and Oldest International Adoption Photolisting of Hundreds of Waiting Children, Licensed Adoption Agency Information, and Adoption Interactive.Ê A Home for Every Child.
The International Adoption Clinic at UCSF Benioff Childrens Hospital Oakland provides healthcare thats specifically tailored to the needs of families who are adopting a child from another country. The transition process for children coming to new homes in the East Bay can be difficult on both a physical and an emotional level, which is why weve made it our goal to provide your whole family with a safe place to turn to. Although our services are not geared toward primary care, we offer a full range of physical and neurophysical evaluations, as well as consultations and education for your familys next best steps. ...
Peace Child Orphanage is based at the foot of the Himalayas in the bustling town of Pokhara. It is home to a wonderful group of children who are lucky enough to enjoy the shelter, support and education offered by Binod and his family. When the children are not at school, helping around the house or playing games in the back garden, they sometimes enjoy trips out to the playground and other recreational activities. The orphanage was set up in 2003 by Binod whose vision was to provide shelter, food and education to as many children as possible who would otherwise have had no such opportunities in life. With the continued help and encouragement of volunteers and sponsors from around the world, this vision is realised daily in the growing sea of smiling faces that welcome you at their door. ...
Do you have a question about the International Adoption Health Program or about the services we offer at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia? Well do our best to respond quickly, but please remember that it may take several days for us to send you a reply.. Please do not use this form to communicate information about your childs health.. If this is an emergency, please call 911 or your local emergency services provider.. ...
The Adullam Orphanage depends on donations to feed, clothe and educate the children and there is not a dependable source of money that we can count on. We desperately need help and your sponsorship of a child will give us a steady monthly income so that we can plan and budget to be able to care for the children. For only $39 per month, you will help the orphanage care for a childs basic needs. Learn more... ...
Dear Families : We don`t take Cash Donation ,because we can not control that your child orphanage`s sisters and brothers can benefit from your donation !! If you do want to donate cash ,then I will share your child orphanage`s donation Bank Account with you ...
Life has been great and it is always a joy for me to teach the young ones; that was what my 76 years young father in law Cornelis said to me when we were having our breakfast at the orphanage. More he said that he feels good to be able to mingle with the little ones. From a simple thing we can create such a happy environment for us to teach and for the children to be taught. It was great also almost every evening to see my daughters teaching the bigger orphans about English too. It has been a privilege for me and my family for having my father in law coming and to stay with us at the orphanage. With his presence I am sure that our orphans will be much better off on their studies. To teach is not just a mater of having a diploma/certificate about it but we have to know how to implement the teaching theories and to know the students quality ...
As I have written on the previous entry that we are having a new member earlier this month. His name is Yehuda. He is almost 15 months now.He was only 6 KG when Peggy brought him from Biak Island ( West Papua) when she visited her parents .It was so sad when Peggy brought him to the hospital and found out that the wasnt any blood came oou from him when the doctor wanted to check his condition. Only after 3 days on a constant drips the doctor was finally able to get some blood sample from Yehuda. After the doctor told us that he is progressing well , Peggy brought him to our home in Jakarta for a day then flew off to Timor on the next day. Yehuda is ok now and staying with us at the orphanage. The only sad thing that we can not change is his blindness ( the doctor told us that they can not do anything with his eyes ). peggy and I have committed to learn about how to look after a blind child but any of you who are having the expertise about it , please share it with us. Anyway the orphanage is ...
We are proud to support one of our clients and the work he undertakes to support the Sunflower Orphanage in Cambodia, home to 17 children with HIV.. H&B donates money for building supplies, as a new orphanage is currently being built ...
Orphanages are costly and can cause irreparable damage both mentally and physically for its charges -- so why are they still so ubiquitous? Georgette Mulheir gravely describes the tragedy of orphanages and urges us to end our reliance on them, by finding alternate ways of supporting children in need.
I only had one thing that I really wanted to do in Nairobi this time around, and that was a visit to the David Sheldrick elephant orphanage. Id planned to go around my birthday, but instead, extended the anticipation by waiting for a friend to arrive. Our antipodean crew of 4 traipsed out to Nairobi National Park and the surprising lack of traffic on a Sunday morning got us to the orphanage about 40 minutes early. There were already quite a lot of people there, but we hung out at the entrance and when it was time to go in we were very close to the front. Friends had advised us where to stand (in front of milk bottles or a water barrel) so we had a prime position ...
Be Unique. Shop orphanage notebooks created by independent artists from around the globe. We print the highest quality orphanage notebooks on the internet.
Today I visited an orphanage in Glenvista SA called "Door Of Hope" I think it is very important to try and sew a seed when I travel.. I heard about this orphanage and how it started and I decided I had to go and do my little part to help.. "I dont even know when I started crying uncontrollably. These babies are so so so beautiful, I cant imagine how much hardship and pain these mothers must have gone through to make such a difficult decision.. I also thought of where these little ones would end up if no one adopts them ...
Has anyone heard of the St. Joseph and St. Anne Orphanage? In the 1901 census I came across a possible grand-uncle who was listed as an inmate. The orphanage was in the County of Kent in the Town of Farnborough.
Features All The Orphanage, Illogic, Slug, Aesop Rock, Blueprint & Eyedea Song Lyrics and The Orphanage, Illogic, Slug, Aesop Rock, Blueprint & Eyedea Discography, as well as Band Biography and User Reviews.
In 1956, the Physics Institute of the Academy split into an Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA), located at Magurele, outside Bucharest, under Hulubeis direction, and the Bucharest Institute of Physics (IFB), based at the Faculty of Physics of the Bucharest University.. On Hulubeis initiative and with his direct support, IFA specialists designed their first electronic computer, a premiere in the Soviet bloc countries, in 1956. The first device, CIFA1, working at a rate of 50 instructions per second, was put into operation a year later.. That same year a VVRS fission reactor and a U120 cyclotron, both of Soviet make, were put into service on the IFA site, at Magurele.. The first Romanian laser, a He-Ne infrared device developed by Professor Ion I. Agarbiceanu and his team, came on stream October 20, 1962. A few months on, the achievement was reported at the 3rd Quantum Electronic Congress that was held in Paris in February 1963.. Ioan Ursu, pro-rector of Babes-Bolyai University and head of the ...
Whetten K, Ostermann J, Pence B, et al. Three-Year Change in the Wellbeing of Orphaned and Separated Children in Institutional and Family-Based Care Settings in Five Low- and Middle-Income Countries. PLoS ONE. 2014 Aug 14. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104872. Escueta M, Whetten K, Ostermann J, ODonnell K. Adverse Childhood Experiences, Psychosocial Well-being and Cognitive Development among Orphans and Abandoned Children in Five Low Income Countries. BMC International Health and Human Rights. 2014, 14:6 doi:10.1186/1472-698X-14-6.. Rajana, D, Shirey K, Ostermann J, Whetten R, ODonnell K, Whetten K. Child and caregiver concordance of potentially traumatic events experienced by orphaned and abandoned children. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. 2014;9(3):220-233.. ...
Welcome to our home, the Peace Child Orphanage. Feel free to take a look around and meet all of the family, perhaps one day you can come and see us in Pokhara as well. We hope you enjoy your visit and look forward to seeing you again very soon ...
Love all your posts! Wanted to comment on this one because it hits home. Our oldest adopted daughter has MANY of these behaviors, but she was never in an orphanage. Her first six months was spent with an unpredictable mentally unstable mother. Our recent move made us realize she was not just strong-willed, but fearful and not as attached as she should be! Our youngest, on the other hand, was in an institution for her first 20 months. She has NONE of these behaviors because she was in an awesome institution that cared for her, protected her, and helped her build an attachment. Anyway, it all comes down to relationships. I would like to hear about your newest kiddos issues, but it would also be helpful to hear if any of your other children still have some of these behaviors after being home for awhile. ...
GenderSave works closely with Harvest International, an organization that brings hope to the lost little ones of India. Their orphanage takes in children from the street and rescues girls from the hands of sex traffickers. They host a school for the girls, free of charge, to educate and empower them. Harvest believes in bringing and restoring value to the girl child.. ...
Kolkata (AsiaNews) The Christ Mission Ashram, a church in south Calcutta, was torn down yesterday to make way for a new road. In addition to the Protestant church, the complex included an orphanage that was home to 30 children and 20 women.. The action followed a court order authorising the demolition to complete a project undertaken a decade ago that when completed will cut by half the time it takes to go from the citys airport to its southern outskirts.. Hundreds of members of the Protestant congregation tried to stop the demolition clashing with employees from the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). Ten people, including some children, were hurt.. KMDA employees entered the mission at around 6 am through a rear gate and started tearing down the buildings. Woken by the noise, locals poured out of their homes and within minutes constituted a 100-strong group ready to take on the demolition brigade. The protest stopped the work for some minutes until police was able push away ...
As a child, Teresia was forced to work at a Kenyan orphanage, where well-meaning donors and tourists paid to visit with the children.
A COUPLE have rescued two savagely beaten dogs from the brink of death.. David and Patricia Rayment, of Llangollen, took in Romanian herding dogs Cuici and Lucky after making contact with a charity saving dogs from being culled in Romania.. Cuici, 13, and Lucky, eight, were savagely beaten in Bucharest and both were left blind.. They were in a coma for two days after being rescued by the charity Asociatia Anima Pro Terror.. Mr Rayment, who owns the Hillcrest Guest House with his wife, said: "They were in kennels for several years and both were severely and savagely beaten and have both been left blind.. "Cuici has been left without either eye after having them taken out and Lucky has lost one of his eyes, has a huge dent in his head and had a broken jaw after being beaten.. "The way these dogs have been treated is so nasty.". A top Romanian court ruled in favour of a law to kill tens of thousands of stray dogs wandering the streets of Bucharest after a four-year- old boy was mauled to death by ...
Hm, this really deserves a full essay in response, but Ill do my best to cover it without being too wordy.. Basically, society doesnt place much of a value on orphaned children. They do not have any family connections to pull the strings for them, and they very, very rarely can make it far at all in their educational career, which is another valued factor. Once they are grown, they can certainly move into one of the lower-tier jobs, factory work specifically, without much of an issue. But as their legal status is often very tricky, depending on their hukou, how they came to the orphanage, the city they want to work in, etc., if a factory manager knows they are an orphan they are severe risk of being exploited. Beyond this, there is no upward mobility for them, as their lack of education places them in one position for essentially their entire lives. While this isnt all that different from migrant workers, it is exacerbated by the fact that people look down on orphans (to be fair, as many ...
The history of childrens homes in Britain - orphanages, homes for those in poverty, or with special needs, reformatories, industrial and approved schools, training ships, hostels, magdalen homes etc etc. As well as each homes location, history etc. the site includes many maps, census listings, and historic images of the buildings and their inmates.
The Delhi High Court on Wednesday refused to quash the Delhi government notification setting up a committee to probe into the alleged sexual abuse of children at Arya orphanage in...
Spend Christmas at the Orphanage. why not give the grace of your presents or presence towards these children in time for the Saviors birth where the idea of gift-giving is said to be rooted from
A fundraising duo from Pocklington, who recently returned from a trip to an orphanage in Africa, have given a presentation at a school in the town about their visit to the institution.
African Conservation Experience offers the opportunity to volunteer at the Chipongali Wildlife Orphanage and Research Project near Bulawayo in...
I have been thinking about an important paper in the recent journal of the Journal of the American Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The paper reported a study by Michael Rutter and colleagues of the effects of "pure" psychosocial deprivation (Rutter et al, 2012). The authors describe the study as a "natural experiment" in that they studied children in their natural life circumstances. The study group was children who had spent their lives in Romanian orphanages in circumstances of profound psychosocial deprivation up until the time they were adopted. Previous studies had shown that infants who had left the institution before 6 months of age had no significant deficits on any of the authors measurements at the age of 11 y. However, if they left the institution between 6 and 12 months, there was a large stepwise increase in deficits and no dose-response association with the duration of deprivation afterwards. Therefore the authors in this study pooled all the children who ...
BUCHAREST, Feb. 2 (Xinhua) -- A photo exhibition entitled "The New Silk Road" opened here on Friday in the Exhibition Centre of the Parliaments Palace, giving visitors a better perception of the charm of the Belt and Road.. Under the motto "Bridging Distances, Sharing Dreams along the Legendary Road-natural and Cultural Heritage," the photos on show take visitors onto a journey along the Belt and Road.. Heritages, culture, investments and cultural and economic activities along the Belt and Road are being told by the pictures, which wowed its visitors.. Marian, a 14-year-old visitor, says after viewing the photos that "China does everything grandiose!". Corina, a lady aged 80, says she never thought China would achieve this level of performance: "I belong to the generation that taught the Chinese to be experts...We were receiving Chinese students 50 years ago to teach them here...Now, it is China that teaches the world, for sure. No other country has this global scale of advanced ...
div class=citation vocab=http://schema.org/,,i class=fa fa-external-link-square fa-fw,,/i, Data from ,span resource=http://link.gclibrary.com/resource/GiQOMHIF0tY/ typeof=Intangible http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/Concept,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a href=http://link.gclibrary.com/resource/GiQOMHIF0tY/,Abandoned children -- France , Aveyron -- Biography , Juvenile literature,/a,,/span, - ,span property=offers typeOf=Offer,,span property=offeredBy typeof=Library ll:Library resource=http://link.gclibrary.com/#_default,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a property=url href=http://link.gclibrary.com/,Garland County Library,/a,,/span,,/span,,/span,,/span,,/div ...
Speech and language disorder describes abnormal language development. Delayed speech or language development is the most common developmental problem. It affects five to ten percent of preschool kids.. Children who have spent their early years in orphanages or foster care often have delays in speech or present with a more limited language ability than their same-age peers who have grown up in families. These delays can be traced to a lack of interaction with adults, and sometimes hearing issues associated with multiple ear infections. Speech delay in children who have experienced trauma or early deprivation is extremely common and can be reversed with therapy and interaction. ...
Students in a University of Wyoming cross-cultural communication class have organized a charity bingo night and silent auction to raise funds for an orphanage and school in Nakuru, Kenya.. The event, "Bahati Bingo and Silent Auction," will be held Friday, Nov. 13, from 6:30-8:30 p.m. at the Laramie Plains Civic Center Kenny Sailors (north) gym. All proceeds will go to the Shalom Garden Orphanage School in Nakuru, Kenya, which provides basic school supplies, regular meals and a safe environment for children in the Nakuru community.. Tracey Patton, a professor in the Department of Communication and Journalism and the course instructor, says the project is both a way to help a good cause and an effective means to teach cross-cultural communication.. "My cross-cultural communication students are embarking on their class project where they put cross-cultural terms, theory and knowledge to the test in a real-world situation," Patton says. "This year, they are trying to raise money to assist the Shalom ...
0060] FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of a mobile communication system 500 comprising a base station 501, a user equipment 502 and a target base station 503. The base station 501 comprises: [0061] a module 504 for selecting one of said plurality of base stations as a target base station 503 for a handover of said user equipment. The base station 501 makes for example the selection based on a measurement report of neighboring base station received from the user equipment 502, or from previous handovers that the base station 501 has accomplished. [0062] a module 505 for transmitting a handover request to said target base station 503. The handover request being sent via an X2 interface that couples the base station 501 with the target base station 503. [0063] a module 506 for receiving a handover request acknowledgement from said target base station 503, said handover request acknowledgment being indicative of at least one physical resource of said target base station 503. The at least one physical ...
Relative income inequality has been proposed as a partial explanation for international differences in life expectancy.28 This relation has generated much debate during the past decade.29 Our results do not support the hypothesis that relative inequality within the administrative regions of England and Wales could explain the differences in life expectancy observed between them. However, the use of ward level measures of deprivation may have diluted the effect of intra-regional income inequality on life expectancy. It has been suggested elsewhere that this effect may be observed more readily on an national scale or in countries where income inequality is much greater than in England and Wales (for example, the USA). Also, the nationalised nature of the welfare state and other public services in the UK may mean that more subtle measures of social status are required to identify such patterns.30,31. The differentials in life expectancy shown in this study between the most affluent and the most ...

Transgender Hormone Blockers for Kids Are Institutionalized Child Abuse: Nationally Recognized Pediatrician Courageously...Transgender Hormone Blockers for Kids Are 'Institutionalized Child Abuse': Nationally Recognized Pediatrician Courageously...

Transgender Hormone Blockers for Kids Are Institutionalized Child Abuse: Nationally Recognized Pediatrician Courageously ... Children as young as 18 months can begin to articulate aspects of their gender, Ford claimed, and its the children ... Michelle Cretella said it is child abuse to facilitate gender confusion in children by helping them transition to the ... Cretella spoke against such agenda-driven use of youngsters. Indoctrinating preschool kids with the lie that you can be ...
more infohttps://www.breakingchristiannews.com/articles/display_art.html?ID=22703

Coalition Against Institutionalized Child AbuseCoalition Against Institutionalized Child Abuse

... The troubled teen industry is unregulated - There is hope for parents! Parent ... Removing a child from a program: Custody issues:. If you are a parent who is trying to remove a child from a program and are ... As a friend once said, "It takes a village to raise a child.". For parents who have no other choice but to place their child in ... Parents who find themselves at their wits end with their children and teens are resorting to sending their kids away to ...
more infohttp://isabellezehnder.blogspot.com

WHO HQ Library catalog ›

    Results of search for su:{Child, Institutionalized}WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Child, Institutionalized}'

by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ... by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ... by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ... The care of well children in day-care centres and institutions : report of a Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee convened with the ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl?q=su:%7BChild,%20Institutionalized%7D

WHO HQ Library catalog ›

    Results of search for su:{Child, Institutionalized} and location:ONLINE-IRISWHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Child, Institutionalized} and location:ONLINE-IRIS'

Results of search for su:{Child, Institutionalized} and location:ONLINE-IRIS Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to ... by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ... by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ... by Joint UN/WHO Expert Committee on the Care of Well Children in Day-Care Centres and Institutions , World Health Organization ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl?q=ccl=su%3A%7BChild%2C%20Institutionalized%7D&sort_by=relevance_dsc&limit=location:ONLINE-IRIS

Does early family risk and current quality of care predict indiscriminate social behavior in institutionalized Portuguese...Does early family risk and current quality of care predict indiscriminate social behavior in institutionalized Portuguese...

Childrens displays of indiscriminate social behavior were assessed based on an observational measure and a semi-structured ... Data on childrens physical and mental development were also collected. Three contextual-risk composites of early family ... Seventy-four Portuguese children (11-30 months) placed in 17 residential institutions and their primary caregivers participated ... By focusing on current quality of institutional care and the childs early family background, it examines the influence of ...
more infohttps://escholarship.org/uc/item/1307x8kg

The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children | Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing...The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children | Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing...

The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children You will receive an email whenever this article ... Lloyd, L. L. & Reid, M. J. (1966). The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children. J Speech Hear ... The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing ... 1783565 The Reliability of Speech Audiometry with Institutionalized Retarded Children This study investigated the reliability ...
more infohttps://jslhr.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=1783565

December 2011 - Volume 30 - Issue 12 - Contributor Index : The Pediatric Infectious Disease JournalDecember 2011 - Volume 30 - Issue 12 - Contributor Index : The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Helicobacter pylori Seropositivity in Institutionalized Children With Down Syndrome. Douraghi, Masoumeh; Goudarzi, Hossein; ... Helicobacter pylori Seropositivity in Institutionalized Children With Down Syndrome. Douraghi, Masoumeh; Goudarzi, Hossein; ... RNA Viruses in Young Nepalese Children Hospitalized With Severe Pneumonia. Mathisen, Maria; Basnet, Sudha; Sharma, Arun; More ... RNA Viruses in Young Nepalese Children Hospitalized With Severe Pneumonia. Mathisen, Maria; Basnet, Sudha; Sharma, Arun; More ...
more infohttp://journals.lww.com/pidj/pages/contributorindex.aspx?sort=desc&year=2011&issue=12000

U.S. WWII & Cold War Experiments Archives - AHRPAHRPU.S. WWII & Cold War Experiments Archives - AHRPAHRP

Institutionalized children continued to be used as "canaries in the mines" to test the safety of experimental vaccines for ... Lauretta Bender, child psychiatrist from Hell. December 28, 2014 , Child psychiatrist, Dr. Lauretta Bender, began her ... 1958: Institutionalized children used as "canaries in the mines". December 28, 2014 , ... 1941-1958: Infectious disease experiments: institutionalized children "canaries in the mines". December 28, 2014 , ...
more infohttp://ahrp.org/category/scientific-racism/unethical-us-experiments-wwii-through-cold-war/

Foster Homes Now Foster Romanias Unwanted OrphansFoster Homes Now Foster Romania's Unwanted Orphans

Research Finds Foster Care may Boost Brain Activity of Institutionalized Children. is a well known fact that children raised in ... First Two Years Vital in Shaping Cognitive Development in Kids. A new study has found that the quality of care given to a child ... "We have started calling children by their first name," she said. Moreover, under a law passed in 2002, children under the age ... It is believed up to 200,000 children were living in state institutions in 1989. Today, around 70,000 children are in care, ...
more infohttp://www.medindia.net/news/Foster-Homes-Now-Foster-Romanias-Unwanted-Orphans-62275-1.htm

Events - ActiveWatchEvents - ActiveWatch

... gathering paintings signed by 21 kids from Centers for institutionalized children or families at risk in Bucharest ... Roma children want to become what they really dream of. Roma children dreams are similar to any child dreams. They want to ... Pinocchio grows up! - a magical show by institutionalized children. ActiveWatch oraganized on Wednesday November 3 the event ... Roma children dream of the things we let them dream of - anti discrimination campaign. ...
more infohttps://activewatch.ro/en/events/

Events and Activities - ActiveWatchEvents and Activities - ActiveWatch

... gathering paintings signed by 21 kids from Centers for institutionalized children or families at risk in Bucharest ... Roma children want to become what they really dream of. Roma children dreams are similar to any child dreams. They want to ... Pinocchio grows up! - a magical show by institutionalized children. ActiveWatch oraganized on Wednesday November 3 the event ... Roma children dream of the things we let them dream of - anti discrimination campaign. ...
more infohttps://activewatch.ro/en/antidiscrimination/events-and-activities/

Health of Children Adopted From China | ELECTRONIC ARTICLE | PediatricsHealth of Children Adopted From China | ELECTRONIC ARTICLE | Pediatrics

The long-term outcome of these children remains unknown. China, adoption, orphanage, institutionalized child. ... found in 13 children. Five children had Ascaris infection, and 1 child had bothGiardia and Ascaris lumbricoides. In 1 child, ... 11 children), hematuria and pyuria (7 children), hematuria and proteinuria (2 children), and isolated proteinuria (1 child). In ... Forty-nine children had mild or no delays. Compared with the remaining 143 children, these 49 children with mild or no delays ...
more infohttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/105/6/e76

A study of object concept development in institutionalized and home-reared infants.A study of object concept development in institutionalized and home-reared infants.

Child Development. Child Rearing*. Child, Institutionalized*. Child, Preschool. Concept Formation*. Form Perception*. Humans. ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/study-object-concept-development-in/722646.html

Country Reports on Human Rights PracticesCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices

Institutionalized Children: Reports published by the Office of the Public Defender of Rights during the year and in 2013 found ... Child Abuse: Child abuse remained an underreported problem according to child advocates. According to a 2013 NGO survey, 36 ... Children younger than 16 may not work more than 20 hours per week on average. This applies to all children who are high school ... Romani children exhibited a lower attendance rate than other children. Authorities disproportionately enrolled Romani children ...
more infohttps://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2014/eur/236576.htm

Country Reports on Human Rights PracticesCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices

Institutionalized Children: On October 26, daily newspaper LExpress reported the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child ... While child labor occurred, data on child labor cases were not available. Children worked in the informal sector, including as ... Sexual Exploitation of Children: The law prohibits child prostitution and child pornography and provides for a maximum penalty ... such as in child labor cases. The state-funded National Childrens Council; the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development ...
more infohttps://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2015/af/252707.htm

Romanias Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV | HRWRomania's Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV | HRW

Life Doesnt Wait Romanias Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV Glossary I. ... An institutionalized child faced very difficult problems. The child was thrown out of school. [We] gathered fifteen or twenty ... accessible to children and youth living in all parts of Romania, to young children, and to children and youth with educational ... "children with disabilities, indigenous children, children belonging to minorities, children living in rural areas, children ...
more infohttps://www.hrw.org/report/2006/08/01/life-doesnt-wait/romanias-failure-protect-and-support-children-and-youth-living

AE911Truth - Architects & Engineers Investigating the destruction of all three World Trade Center skyscrapers on September 11 -...AE911Truth - Architects & Engineers Investigating the destruction of all three World Trade Center skyscrapers on September 11 -...

John Bowlby and Renee Spitz studied children institutionalized in orphanages after World War II. They found that these children ... Children, aged eight to sixteen, were given Omega 3 fats regularly for six months. Parents reported that their children ... Indeed, German children of that period were commonly subjected to beatings and other sadistic abuse, such as stamping out the ... These children also had a whopping 62% reduction in "internalizing" behavior, such as depression, anxiety, and withdrawal.25 ...
more infohttp://www.ae911truth.org/news/246-news-media-events-shure-part-20-conscience-empathy.html

ERIC - Search ResultsERIC - Search Results

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Institutionalized Persons, Animals. Metamorphosis: Play, Spirituality and the Animal ... The image of the human, as prisoner, together with narratives about the child and the nonhuman animal as package, are used here ... reconceptualisation of play presented here is supported by research that explored the spiritual experiences of young children ...
more infohttps://www.eric.ed.gov/?q=source%3A%22Contemporary+Issues+in+Early+Childhood%22&ff1=autBone%2C+Jane

WHO | Availability of essential health services in post-conflict LiberiaWHO | Availability of essential health services in post-conflict Liberia

e. Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival, Monrovia, Liberia.. f. Institute of Population Studies, University of ... United Nations Childrens Fund. Progress of children: a world fit for children statistical review. New York: UNICEF; 2007. ... The most dramatic asymmetry is in child and maternal health services. Although child mortality is lower than during the war, ... Comparable figures for donor spending on maternal and child health are not easily available, because maternal and child health ...
more infohttp://who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/7/09-071068/en/

Sensory Integration Therapies for Children With Developmental and Behavioral Disorders | From the American Academy of...Sensory Integration Therapies for Children With Developmental and Behavioral Disorders | From the American Academy of...

Sensory processing in internationally adopted, post-institutionalized children. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2010;51(10):1105- ... child psychiatrist, or child psychologist. The American Academy of Pediatrics clinical report on the management of children ... American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children With Disabilities. . Management of children with autism spectrum disorders. ... An MRI and proton spectroscopy study of the thalamus in children with autism. Psychiatry Res. 2008;163(2):97-105pmid:18508243. ...
more infohttps://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/6/1186

An experts survey of the Smart Cities Challenge | IT Business BlogAn expert's survey of the Smart Cities Challenge | IT Business Blog

... reducing the number of institutionalized children and youth; better integrating newcomers, refugees, youth, seniors or ...
more infohttps://www.itbusiness.ca/blog/an-experts-survey-of-the-smart-cities-challenge/102033

Predictors of Developmental Status in Young Children Living in Institutional Care in Kazakhstan | Springer for Research &...Predictors of Developmental Status in Young Children Living in Institutional Care in Kazakhstan | Springer for Research &...

The main objective of this study was to assess the developmental status of children living in the severely adverse environment ... Growth failure in institutionalized children. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 76(4), 92-126. ... Development of adopted children with histories of early adversity. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, ... 2011). I. Children in institutional care: Delayed development and resilience. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10995-014-1647-0
  • The human subjects were either coerced or unwitting: they included military troops, prisoners, mentally disabled persons, institutionalized children, and hospitalized patients. (ahrp.org)
  • Other reported human rights problems included arbitrary arrests, corruption, abuse and sexual exploitation of children, human trafficking, discrimination and abuse based on sexual orientation or gender identity, discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, restrictions on labor rights, antiunion discrimination, and child labor. (state.gov)
  • The experiment induced stuttering in twenty-two children living at the Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home in Davenport. (ahrp.org)
  • WWO's major programs are in Bulgaria (Early Intervention Programs), Ethiopia (Family Health Clinic with AIDS Healthcare Foundation, the WWO Academy, an elementary school for orphans and community children, and summer camp), and in Vietnam (Early Intervention, Camp, and soon, integrated services as a USAID/NPI grantee). (wikipedia.org)
  • 9 The preventive and curative interventions in the basic package of health services target the disease burden in the country, particularly infectious disease and the high maternal and child morbidity and mortality (Box 1). (who.int)
  • They provide information, education and motivation services for primary health care, maternal and child health, child rights, family planning and nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 In 1988, for example, only 52 children were adopted from mainland China, whereas in 1999, 4101 Chinese children were adopted by American parents: 26% of all international adoptees. (aappublications.org)
  • Back in 1989 conditions were very bad, children were suffering, the staff were not trained for child care," Unicef representative in Romania Edmond McLoughney told AFP. (medindia.net)
  • It is believed up to 200,000 children were living in state institutions in 1989. (medindia.net)
  • The 1989 images of shaven-headed children bathing in their own urine and rocking back and forth for hours on end did more than shock public opinion around the world -- they drew in an flood of aid from non governmental organisations. (medindia.net)
  • Since 1989, American parents have adopted 18 846 Chinese children. (aappublications.org)
  • In Targu-Jiu, 300 kilometres (185 miles) west of Bucharest, about 50 disabled children are living in a home built in 2003 by SERA, where they receive treatment from several psychologists and physical therapists. (medindia.net)
  • Today we are trying to provide to every child's specific needs in order to give them all equal chances," said Claudia Rosioru, the head of the child protection department of Buzau, 100 kilometres northeast of Bucharest. (medindia.net)
  • Daniel comes from Călărași, and right now he's doing his internship on paediatric surgery at the "Marie Curie" Children Emergency Hospital, in Bucharest. (activewatch.ro)
  • Child protection bodies under the supervision of county (or in the case of Bucharest, sector) councils. (hrw.org)
  • Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: The bucharest early intervention project. (springer.com)
  • Sensory-based therapies are increasingly used by occupational therapists and sometimes by other types of therapists in treatment of children with developmental and behavioral disorders. (aappublications.org)
  • However, it is unclear whether children who present with sensory-based problems have an actual "disorder" of the sensory pathways of the brain or whether these deficits are characteristics associated with other developmental and behavioral disorders. (aappublications.org)
  • 2-7 Other speculations include the possibility that Chinese birth mothers may receive better prenatal care than birth mothers in other countries who relinquish their children, and the possibility that institutional care for abandoned children in China is superior to that provided in other countries. (aappublications.org)
  • Our findings indicated that young children in institutions were developmentally compromised, with duration of institutional care correlated with the severity of delay. (springer.com)
  • Washington, D.C)-[ LifeSiteNews.com ] A nationally recognized pediatrician offered a jolting reality check about the dangers of encouraging children to think they are transgender and prescribing hormone blockers to prevent them from developing. (breakingchristiannews.com)
  • To make matters worse you must realize that prior to transgender ideology, these children were treated with watchful waiting, because for many kids it may be a passing phase. (freerepublic.com)
  • I did some additional training in adolescence at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia, and had the privilege to practice general pediatrics for fifteen years before going on full-time with the American College of Pediatricians in advocacy for children. (freerepublic.com)
  • When a human child learns to walk, the term " toddler " may be used instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reconceptualisation of play presented here is supported by research that explored the spiritual experiences of young children in different early childhood contexts. (ed.gov)
  • It's a Myth That Young Children Cannot Be Screened for Dyslexia! (childrenshospital.org)
  • They are ten of many other Roma youth who study medicine and achieve academic recognition in Roma Health Scholarship Program. (activewatch.ro)
  • Children as young as 18 months can begin to articulate aspects of their gender,' Ford claimed, 'and it's the children themselves who tell their parents about their gender identity. (breakingchristiannews.com)
  • Parents who find themselves at their wits' end with their children and teens are resorting to sending their kids away to programs away from home, often hundreds and thousands of miles from home. (blogspot.com)
  • Tens of thousands of parents each year are placing their children and teens into residential programs across the US and around the world without realizing what they are getting themselves, and most importantly, their child or teen, into. (blogspot.com)
  • CAICA has received complaints from parents that their children have been abused in many of these programs . (blogspot.com)
  • If your child, teen, or family are not in imminent danger CAICA recommends parents Stop - Take a Breath - and Do Your Research. (blogspot.com)
  • Many parents have indicated if they knew then what they know now they would never have sent their child or teen away. (blogspot.com)
  • For parents who have no other choice but to place their child in a program (court-appointed, etc. (blogspot.com)
  • CAICA and the US Department of State warns against parents sending children and teens to programs outside the country . (blogspot.com)
  • CAICA warns against parents hiring teen transports for the sake of transporting children to facilities they themselves have not visited and fully investigated. (blogspot.com)
  • CAICA warns against hiring transport companies who pick children up in the middle of the night , taking them from their beds without pre-warning from parents and without their consent. (blogspot.com)
  • We evaluated 2 groups of Chinese children adopted by American parents. (aappublications.org)
  • It was the end of the kindergarten school year and the teacher called the whole class together, at the behest of the boy's parents, and had the children sit down and she read them two stories. (freerepublic.com)
  • Some have even had difficulties removing their own child or teen from a facility, often because of custody issues (please see below). (blogspot.com)
  • Child health in the community : community IMCI : briefing package for facilitators. (who.int)
  • 1.Child health services - organization and administration. (who.int)
  • Since Ayres 1 described sensory integration dysfunction in the 1970s, sensory-based therapies have been used increasingly, mainly by occupational therapists (but sometimes other health professionals) to treat a range of symptoms seen in children presenting from across a variety of settings, including the home, community organizations, clinics, and schools. (aappublications.org)
  • CAICA strongly recommends doing everything possible before considering sending a child or teen away. (blogspot.com)
  • An agency under the Ministry of Labor, Social Solidarity and Family that is mandated to coordinate and control Romania's child rights protection and promotion activities, including monitoring implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and Romania's Law 272/2004 on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of the Child. (hrw.org)
  • So with either watchful waiting or family and individual therapy the vast majority, 75-95% of kids, would accept their biological sex by young adulthood. (freerepublic.com)
  • In Buzau, 69 abandoned youths aged 14 to 21 are living in apartments rented by the child protection department and learning how to fend for themselves. (medindia.net)
  • There are no Federal laws in place to protect children who are placed into such programs. (blogspot.com)
  • American laws will not protect your child if he or she is in another country. (blogspot.com)
  • During labour and birth, the infant's skull changes shape to fit through the birth canal , sometimes causing the child to be born with a misshapen or elongated head. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wrap-around services, too, are becoming increasingly popular and provide a service to keep children and teens home whenever possible. (blogspot.com)