Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Schools: Educational institutions.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.United StatesLongitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.IndiaAdoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)BrazilWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.BangladeshSex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Battered Child Syndrome: A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Lead PoisoningNutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.MexicoAccident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Only Child: Child who has no siblings.TurkeyPuberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.EnglandTobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Great BritainInterpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Child Reactive Disorders: Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Vitamin A Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.ReadingQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.California

Alternate child care, history of hospitalization, and preschool child behavior. (1/231)

BACKGROUND: With more single mothers entering the workforce due to welfare reform efforts, more hospitalized children from single-parent families will have experienced alternate child care arrangements where routine care is provided by adults other than the child's mother. OBJECTIVES: To investigate with secondary analysis of data whether experience with alternate child care has a moderating effect on the relationship between hospitalization and behavior of preschool children living in female-headed single-parent families. METHOD: A sample of 60 preterm and 61 full-term children who were 3, 4, or 5 years old was recruited for the larger longitudinal study. Behavior problems were measured with the Child Behavior Checklist. History of hospitalization and alternate child care arrangements were measured with the Life History Calendar. RESULTS: Preschool children who experienced hospitalization without alternate child care experience had more somatic complaints, but those with both hospital and alternate child care experience had fewer aggressive behaviors than other children. For children with a history of hospitalization, aggressive behaviors decreased as the proportion of the child's life in alternate child care increased. CONCLUSIONS: Experience with alternate child care may ameliorate some of the negative effects of hospitalization, and potentially other novel and negative experiences, for preschool children. This could be due to child care providing positive experiences with separation from the mother, a peer group with which to talk about the novel experience, or actual instruction about the novel experience.  (+info)

Pediatric discharge against medical advice in Bouake Cote d'Ivoire, 1980-1992. (2/231)

Discharge information was obtained from pediatric ward logbooks of the Centre Hospitalier Regional de Bouake from 1982 to 1992. While number of children admitted per month and discharge diagnosis remained relatively stable throughout the period, the proportion of children who left the hospital against medical advice increased by nearly 5 times during the 11-year period to over 12% of all pediatric admissions. The proportion of discharges against medical advice decreased to 10% of all pediatric admissions after institution of a programme to provide essential drugs at cost to patients (previously only available from private pharmacies). Most children who were taken from the hospital left within the first two days of hospitalization. The admission diagnoses of these children suggest that most had serious, life-threatening illness and that they left the hospital prior to having received adequate treatment. The increase in pediatric ward discharge against medical advice occurred simultaneously with serious budgetary shortfalls in the hospital resulting in inadequacy of medicines and basic equipment. Hospital staff suspected that most of the discharges against medical advice were caused by families being unable to afford the purchase of medicines and supplies necessary for inpatient treatment. It is suggested that widespread policies of decreasing funding for basic curative services in public hospitals may be associated with a substantial increase in preventable child mortality.  (+info)

A prospective study of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized children. (3/231)

AIMS: There are few publications of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among paediatric patients, though ADR incidence is usually stated to be higher during the first year of life and in male patients. We have carried out a prospective study to assess the extent, pattern and profile risk for ADRs in hospitalized patients between 1 and 24 months of age. METHODS: An intensive events monitoring scheme was used. A total of 512 successive admissions to two medical paediatric wards (47 beds) were analysed. The hospital records were screened daily during two periods (summer, 105 days and winter, 99 days), and adverse clinical events observed were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 282 events were detected; of these, 112 were considered to be manifestations of ADRs. The cumulative incidence was 16.6%, no differences being observed between periods. Although there were no differences between patients under and over 12 months of age, risk was found to be significantly higher among girls compared with boys (RR=1.66, 95% CI 1.03-2.52). The gastro-intestinal system was most frequently affected. The therapeutic group most commonly implicated was anti-infective drugs and vaccines (41.5%). The ADRs were mild or moderate in over 90% of cases. A consistent relationship was noted between the number of drugs administered and the incidence of ADRs. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized patients exhibited an ADR risk profile that included female sex and the number of drugs administered. No particular age predisposition was observed. The most commonly prescribed drugs are those most often implicated in ADRs in paediatric patients.  (+info)

Clinical characteristics of acute viral lower respiratory tract infections in hospitalized children in Seoul, 1996-1998. (4/231)

This study was performed to investigate the etiologic agents, age distribution, clinical manifestations and seasonal occurrence of acute viral lower respiratory tract infections in children. We confirmed viral etiologies using nasopharyngeal aspirates in 237 patients of the ages of 15 years or younger who were hospitalized for acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) from March 1996 to February 1998 at Samsung Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea. The overall isolation rate was 22.1%. The viral pathogens identified were adenovirus (12.7%), influenza virus type A (21.1%), -type B (13.9%), parainfluenza virus type 1 (13.5%), -type 2 (1.3%), -type 3 (16.0%) and respiratory syncytial virus (21.5%). The occurrence of ALRIs was highest in the first year of life, although parainfluenza virus type 1 infection occurred predominantly in the second year of life and influenza virus caused illnesses in all age groups. The specific viruses are frequently associated with specific clinical syndromes of ALRI. The respiratory agents and associated syndromes frequently have characteristic seasonal patterns. This study will help us to estimate the etiologic agents of ALRI, and establish a program for the prevention and treatment. An annual nationwide survey is necessary to understand the viral epidemiology associated with respiratory illnesses in Korea.  (+info)

Musculoskeletal conditions in children attending two Togolese hospitals. (5/231)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective study was conducted in order to point out the different kinds of musculoskeletal conditions observed in children attending two Togolese hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 434 (242 females, 192 males) of the 29 620 children examined (1.5%) were suffering from these conditions. Probable joint and bone infections (187 patients, 43%), limb deformities (106 patients, 24%), osteochondrosis (60 patients, 14%) and vaso-occlusive crisis due to haemoglobinopathies (29 patients, 7%) were the main conditions observed. Osteomyelitis observed in 128 patients affected the humerus (25 patients), radius (10 patients), femur (68 patients), tibia (15 patients), fibula (five patients), and both tibia and fibula (five patients). Probably, infectious arthritis seen in 30 patients affected mainly the hip (11 patients) and the knee (13 patients). In the spine, infection affected the midthoracic and upper lumbar areas. Underdevelopment, sickle cell anaemia and sickle cell haemoglobin C disease were the main risk factors in determining susceptibility to infections. Vaso-occlusive crises were due to sickle cell anaemia (11 patients) and sickle cell haemoglobin C disease (18 patients). Osteochondrosis seen in 60 patients free from haemoglobinopathy involved the spine (Scheuermann's disease, 38 patients) and the hip (Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, 22 patients). Limb deformities were observed in the knee (varus and valgus deformities in 64 patients) and the foot (talipes varus equin in 40 patients). CONCLUSION: This study's findings, which require further confirmation, suggest some conclusions. Scheuermann's disease can explain in part the degenerative disc conditions observed in African adults. Valgus and varus deformities play an important role in the development of knee osteoarthritis in Black Africa. An African child with joint or bone pain should be investigated for sickle cell anaemia. In the future, improved lifestyle and better health care will be essential to reduce bone and joint infections, and allow refined diagnosis of connective tissue diseases now probably underestimated in African children.  (+info)

Changes in children's hospital use. (6/231)

OBJECTIVES: This article examines changes in hospital separations of children aged 1 to 14 between 1986/87 and 1996/97. It focuses on four common causes of childhood hospitalization: asthma, chronic disease of tonsils and adenoids, fractures, and acute appendicitis. DATA SOURCES: Hospital separation data are from the Hospital Morbidity File, from Statistics Canada for fiscal year 1986/87, and from the Canadian Institute for Health Information for fiscal year 1996/97. ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES: Diagnoses were coded to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and surgical procedures were coded to the Canadian Classification of Diagnostic, Therapeutic, and Surgical Procedures. Population estimates for 1986 and 1996 were used to calculate hospital separation rates and surgical rates. MAIN RESULTS: In 1986/87, there were 355,000 hospital separations of children aged 1 to 14; by 1996/97, the number of separations had fallen to just over 206,000. The hospital separation rate was 37.0 per 1,000 children in 1996/97, down from 69.7 ten years earlier. The average length of stay fell from 4.5 days to 3.8. The total annual number of days Canadian children stayed in hospital dropped from over 1.6 million to 788,700.  (+info)

Prevalence and characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from cattle, food, and children during a one-year prospective study in France. (7/231)

During a 1-year survey of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) prevalence in central France, 2,143 samples were investigated by PCR for Shiga toxin-encoding genes. A total of 330 (70%) of 471 fecal samples collected from healthy cattle at the Clermont-Ferrand slaughterhouse, 47 (11%) of 411 beef samples, 60 (10%) of 603 cheese samples, and 19 (3%) of 658 stool specimens from hospitalized children with and without diarrhea were positive for the stx gene(s). A STEC strain was isolated from 34% (162 of 471) of bovine feces, 4% (16 of 411) of beef samples, 1% (5 of 603) of cheese samples, and 1.5% (10 of 658) of stool specimens. Of the 220 STEC strains isolated, 34 (15%) harbored the stx(1) gene, 116 (53%) harbored the stx(2) gene, and 70 (32%) carried both the stx(1) and stx(2) genes. However, 32 (14.5%) were not cytotoxic for Vero cells. The eae gene, found in 12 (5%) of the 220 strains, was significantly associated with the stx(1) gene and with isolates from children. Sequences homologous to ehxA were found in 102 (46%) of the 220 strains. Thirteen serotypes, OX3:H2, O113:H21, O113:H4, OX3:H21, O6:H10, OX178:H19, O171:H2, O46:H38, O172:H21, O22:H16, O91:H10, O91:H21, and O22:H8, accounted for 102 (55%) of 186 typeable isolates, and only one strain (0.5% of the 186 STEC isolates from cattle), belonged to the O157:H7 serotype. We showed that the majority of the STEC isolates from cattle, beef, and cheese were not likely to be pathogenic for humans and that the STEC strains isolated from children in this study were probably not responsible for diarrheal disease. Finally, the strains associated with hemolytic-uremic syndrome in the same geographical area were shown to belong to particular subsets of the STEC population found in the bovine reservoir.  (+info)

Epidemiology of astrovirus infection in young children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, over a period of four consecutive years, 1995 to 1998. (8/231)

The incidence of astrovirus infection in children less than 5 years of age hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, from 1995 to 1998 was determined. Astrovirus was detected in 40 of 449 specimens tested by Northern hybridization, and astrovirus infection was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR with or without culture in CaCO-2 cells. This represented 3.0% (40 of 1, 327) of all children tested for enteric pathogens, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic pathogens, over the survey period. The incidences of astrovirus infection in each year were 4.4% (1995), 2. 2% (1996), 3.9% (1997), and 1.4% (1998). In 1995 and 1997, the incidences of astrovirus infection were greater than the incidence of infection with all individual bacterial pathogens and were either greater than or equal to the incidence of adenovirus infection. Astrovirus exhibited an unusual biennial winter peak of incidence that correlated with a greater incidence of serotype 1 virus and an increased rate of hospitalization of children aged 6 to 12 months. Uncommon (serotype 2 and 4) and rare (serotype 8) serotypes were detected during the survey period. Genetic analysis of ORF2 (which encodes the astrovirus capsid precursor) of Melbourne isolates showed nucleotide sequence variation from year to year. This was not accompanied by significant amino acid substitutions. However, geographical variation was apparent by comparison of Melbourne astrovirus isolates with prototype strains identified in the United Kingdom.  (+info)

BACKGROUND: Few data exist describing pertussis epidemiology among infants and children in low- and middle-income countries to guide preventive strategies. METHODS: Children 1-59 months of age hospitalized with World Health Organization-defined severe or very severe pneumonia in 7 African and Asian countries and similarly aged community controls were enrolled in the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health study. They underwent a standardized clinical evaluation and provided nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs and induced sputum (cases only) for Bordetella pertussis polymerase chain reaction. Risk factors and pertussis-associated clinical findings were identified. RESULTS: Bordetella pertussis was detected in 53 of 4200 (1.3%) cases and 11 of 5196 (0.2%) controls. In the age stratum 1-5 months, 40 (2.3% of 1721) cases were positive, all from African sites, as were 8 (0.5% of 1617) controls. Pertussis-positive African cases 1-5 months old, compared to controls, were more often human
On April 5, 2013, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a class I recall of the Animas 2020 insulin pump because of a defect that may cause the pumps to sound false alarms, potentially leading to serious medical events...
Facilities that cater to medical meetings requiring cadavers and demonstrations of cutting-edge procedures are cropping up - offering a remedy for some of the headaches associated with planning hands-on health-care events.
Disclaimers: All characters referenced in this story are mine and mine alone. Any similarities between them and anyone else living, dead, or fictional, is purely accidental/coincidental. Basically, hands off without my permission-pretty please.. If you like them, feel free to let me know about it at [email protected] if you dont, please dont be mean.. Warnings: This story will depict relationships between women. If that bothers you, Im sorry for your narrow-minded approach but please leave now and come back when you come out. If it is illegal for you to view this type of story due to age or location then please come back when you age or move. There will at times be somewhat graphic descriptions of medical events, nothing too graphic but not for those who faint at the mention of an IV. With that said, I hope you enjoy!. Id like to thank Vic and Trish, the two people that encouraged me to put this out to let others decide its fate.. Also, for Sue, the reason I want to do my best ...
Website referencing and promoting world congresses, medical and paramedicals events categorized by specialties, venue locations, service providers.. - Upcoming medical Events, congress, conferences, medical training for medicine and health : professionals :
_Other - Upcoming medical Events, congress, conferences, medical training for medicine and health - Website referencing and promoting world congresses, medical and paramedicals events categorized by specialties, venue locations, service providers..
In hospitals, the nursing staff is often confronted with the problem of the preparation and administration of drugs for their pediatric patients because of the lack of indication, pediatric dosage, and appropriate galenic form. The goal of this study was to give an overview of the nurses preparation habits in pediatric units and highlight their daily problems. This single-center prospective study was conducted through an observation of the nursing staff during the drug preparation process in medicine, surgery and intensive care units. We included 91 patients (55 boys and 36 girls), with an average age of 6.3 years (youngest child, 10 days old; oldest child, 18 years old). We observed a mean 2.16 drug preparations per patient [1-5]. We collected 197 observation reports regarding 66 injectable drugs and 131 oral drugs (71 liquid forms and 60 solid forms). The majority of these reports concerned central nervous system drugs (63/197), metabolism and digestive system drugs (50/197), and ...
AE=any new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE=a medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization. Treatment-related=having certain, probable, possible, or missing relationship to study drug. Grade (Gr) 1=Mild, Gr 2=Moderate, Gr 3=Severe, Gr 4= Potentially Life-threatening or disabling. AIDS Defining Diagnosis ( CDC Class C AIDS Events) are identified from HIV Related Diagnosis ...
Medical Learning, Professional Development and Live Streaming of Medical Events from the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
The patient safety movement in healthcare is beginning to openly acknowledge the need to support the human side of adverse medical events in conjunction with evidence-based improvement initiatives. While medical literature has sporadically reported on the emotional impact of adverse events on healthcare professionals, little has been documented on the implementation of support services following these events. This article describes an adverse medical event where open communication and apology catalysed the development and implementation of a structured peer support service for care providers at the Brigham and Womens Hospital following adverse events. The Peer Support Service bypasses the stigmas that limit the utilisation of formal support services and offers care providers a safe environment to share the emotional impact of adverse events while serving as a foundation for open communication and a renewal of compassion in the workplace. As the breadth of stressors impacting healthcare ...
Reduced activity at certain sites in the brain (called voltage-gated potassium channels) has been linked to hearing problems, like age-related loss of hearing or tinnitus (a ringing or buzzing noise in the ears).. AUT00063 is an experimental new medicine that has been developed to improve the action of these specific channels and so treat the brain component of these hearing problems.. The main purpose of this study is to try to demonstrate an improvement in the severity of tinnitus after 4 weeks of treatment with the study medicine or the placebo (dummy drug which does not contain the medication). Subjects will undergo a safety follow-up after the treatment period.. Safety and efficacy will be determined by looking at a number of assessments (physical examinations, blood sampling, hearing assessments, questionnaires, etc.) and in case of any serious medical event during the study. The amount of drug in the blood will also be measured.. It is expected that up to 152 people with tinnitus may ...
Doctors have largely ignored a warning issued by the makers of the Kenalog steroid injection, commonly used in an epidural injection during labor, despite that warning indicating use of it in certain indications could cause serious injury, permanent disability or death.. It was seven months ago when Bristol-Myers Squibb issued a public safety alert and changed the label of the Kenalog injection to indicate that use of it in epidurals has been linked with "serious medical events, including death" and that use of it as an epidural injection was "not recommended." The company will not go so far as to say Kenalog was responsible for those deaths or injuries and the Food and Drug Administration failed to issue its own alert, as it usually does, when Bristol-Myers Squibb changed the labels on Kenalog.. Bloomberg reports that experts believe this warning from the drug company has largely gone ignored or unnoticed. Use of Kenalog is on the rise and as many as 8 million injections of the steroid were ...
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia in children is a common disease yet determining its aetiology remains elusive.. OBJECTIVES: To determine the a) aetiology, b) factors associated with bacterial pneumonia and c) association between co-infections (bacteria + virus) and severity of disease, in children admitted with severe pneumonia.. METHODS: A prospective cohort study involving children aged 1-month to 5-years admitted with very severe pneumonia, as per the WHO definition, over 2 years. Induced sputum and blood obtained within 24 hrs of admission were examined via PCR, immunofluorescence and culture to detect 17 bacteria/viruses. A designated radiologist read the chest radiographs.. RESULTS: Three hundred patients with a mean (SD) age of 14 (±15) months old were recruited. Significant pathogens were detected in 62% of patients (n = 186). Viruses alone were detected in 23.7% (n = 71) with rhinovirus (31%), human metapneumovirus (HMP) [22.5%] and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) [16.9%] being the ...
Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.. See eligibility criteria ...
Lower back pain can be annoying and may become worst with the passing time. Whatever be the cause of lower back pain, it can be difficult for one to h.... Dr. Ruchita Chhabra. ...
Acta Pediatr Mex 2009;30(6): Artículo original Different types of cancer in children and their treatments in a Mexican pediatric hospital MC David Calderón-Guzmán*, QFB Ángeles Guevara*, MC Ernestina
Issues surrounding hospital-acquired infections and other medical events that should never happen will highlight a health care conference in Lexington next week.
Just because your patients are in the hospital and not in a classroom doesnt mean they dont want to enjoy Valentines. Use these fun activities in your pediatric unit to bring a smile to their faces and warmth to their hearts. All activities are meant to limit too much physical activity for acutely ill patients and also leave out any food ...
SHORTLY AFTER 1 a.m., a 2-week-old baby in a hospital pediatric unit develops severe diarrhea.Despite immediate, excellent nursing care, the baby`s condition worsens rapidly, and two days later,
Hospital improves national rankings in eight of 10 pediatric specialty categories in U.S. News & World Reports 2017-18 survey of best childrens hospitals.
Get here the appointment in best Children hospitals in Jaunpur 2018 including their contact, facilities offered, these paediatric hospitals take care of kids..
Get here the appointment in best Children hospitals in Panna 2018 including their contact, facilities offered, these paediatric hospitals take care of kids..
First, Steward has wronged the children by not advertising the Tufts Floating Childrens Pediatric Hospitalist Program, where a pediatric hospitalist was in-house 24 hours per day to oversee, treat and stabilize children/infants/newborns in the ER, inpatient pediatric unit and the nursery/labor and delivery unit. They have wronged the children secondly, by not enforcing the physicians to increase consultations with the pediatric hospitalists regarding the children that enter through the ER. Finally, Steward ceased the pediatric hospitalist service and now, they are trying to close the Level II, 13-bed locked inpatient pediatric unit. ...
In 2005, poisoning remained the second leading cause of injury death in the United States, after surpassing firearms for the first time in 2004. The vast majority of poisoning deaths are due to unintentional drug overdoses. Narcotic-related deaths have played the largest role in the increase in all poisoning deaths from 1999 to 2005 (the years for which data are available). They accounted for 56 percent of all poisoning deaths in 2005, increasing from 50 percent in 1999. Their absolute numbers increased 84 percent over the 7 years. Methadone-related deaths have increased more than other narcotic- related deaths ...
Diagnosis of childhood pneumonia: clinical assessment without radiological confirmation may lead to overtreatment.: Treatment of childhood pneumonia on the basi
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
What it is. Childhood pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, often caused by common viruses. Why it matters. Pneumonia is more deadly than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Who it
All Gods Mistakes Genetic Counseling in a Pediatric Hospital by Charles L. Bosk available in Hardcover on, also read synopsis and reviews. Genetic testing has become so precise that doctors can detect even the most subtle defects in...
Imagine working at Mt. Washington Pediatric Hospital, Inc. before you get there. Explore the company profile and learn everything from culture to benefits.
CDC Split Type: (blank) WAES0701USA03376. Write-up:Information has been received from a Registered Nurse concerning a female patient (demographics not reported) who on 10-JAN-2007 was vaccinated intramuscularly with the first dose of Gardasil vaccine (yeast) (lot # not provided). Concomitant therapy inclu"ded included BOOSTRIX and hepatitis A virus vaccine (manufacturer unknown). On 10-JAN-2007 immediately post vaccination the patient /"passed "passed out and went into a seizure./" seizure." The patient sought unspecified medical attention. At the time of this report it was not repo reported if the patient had recovered from her experience. Upon internal review the seizure was considered to be an other medical event. Additional information has been requested. ...
CDC Split Type: WAES0703USA05647. Write-up: Information has been received from a pharmacist (PharmD) concerning a female (age unknown) patient who on 26-MAR-2007 was vaccinated with a dose of Gardasil which was thought by the reporter to be her initial dose. Subsequently, on an unspecified date, the patient experienced generalized abdominal pain and was hospitalized on 29-MAR-2007 to rule out appendicitis. The pharmacist stated that all of the patients test have come back normal but could not identify specifically what tests or labs were performed. It was noted that the patient was treated with IV fluids and pain medication as needed. At the time of this report, the patient had not recovered. No product quality complaint was involved. The reporter considered generalized abdominal pain to be an other important medical event. Additional information has been requested.. ...
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
Soldiers Memorial Hospital has an active, family-centered paediatric unit. We offer specialized care at an intermediate level between primary community hospitals and tertiary level centers for the North Simcoe Muskoka region.
Nationwide Childrens Hospital is one of the largest and most comprehensive pediatric hospitals and research institutes in the United States.
When you pull up for that routine double double this morning, add a Smile Cookie to go with it. In support of the Childrens Hospital Foundation of Manit
I plead with you not to do the same. You did absolutely nothing wrong. As you may have discovered already, there is a lot of bargaining that goes on with such a horrific diagnosis. You also hope that the doctors have made a terrible mistake. We hoped so too. We went to one of the top pediatric hospitals in our city. They only confirmed the diagnosis.. One thing that I realized right away: I was indeed strong. And no one was going to take that away from me - ever.. In a situation like this, you are inevitably surrounded by others with opinions. They know what you should do and are not shy about telling you.. "You should terminate," they say.. "Please dont terminate," others will interject.. Smile sweetly and kindly. Remind them that this is your decision. This is your baby. You know what is best. Did I mention that you are strong? Well, you are.. It is painful - very painful. The guilt is horrendous. The sadness is immense.. "What did I do to deserve this?" you may ask.. "What did my baby do to ...
Virtual Pediatric Hospital is curated by Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and by Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form. All contents copyright © 1992-2018 Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. and the authors. All rights reserved. "Virtual Pediatric Hospital", the Virtual Pediatric Hospital logo, and "A digital library of pediatric information" are all Trademarks of Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Virtual Pediatric Hospital is funded in whole by Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted. Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not. The information contained in Virtual Pediatric Hospital is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. ...
Virtual Pediatric Hospital is curated by Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and by Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form. All contents copyright © 1992-2018 Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. and the authors. All rights reserved. "Virtual Pediatric Hospital", the Virtual Pediatric Hospital logo, and "A digital library of pediatric information" are all Trademarks of Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Virtual Pediatric Hospital is funded in whole by Donna M. DAlessandro, M.D. and Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted. Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not. The information contained in Virtual Pediatric Hospital is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. ...
Why? Lets go over six benefits of hiring a good way to foreclosure homes in Georgia has a law which states that, if the pediatric hospitals in georgia be recovered from the pediatric hospitals in georgia a few miles from Atlanta. Best known for its sulphur baths and botanical gardens teeming with rich natural beauty, but as it is known, that they need very good control and stability. If realization of good administration is possible to develop backward region, and zeroed taxation regime will be for export that will easily change your palate forever. Desserts here in Georgia than with a Georgian. On top of that, eating the pediatric hospitals in georgia of the pediatric hospitals in georgia, General Sherman had destroyed most of all the pediatric hospitals in georgia, you might want to consider doing a little more in depth about Georgias conflict.. It didnt take long for the alternative independent traveller. The food is heavenly is even an understatement. Ingredients from vegetables, fruits, ...
Thesis, English, Work Motivating Factors as Identifed by Nurses in Children Hospital at Elmonira and Specialized Pediatric Hospital Cairo University for Haggag Radwa Mohamed Said
Neonova - the software program offered by Abbott Nutrition to meet the special needs of healthcare professionals who clinically manage the nutritional care of premature infants.
Severe pneumonia , Severe pneumonia , کتابخانه دیجیتالی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات درمانی شهید بهشتی
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
TheSynapse keeps the medical professionals updated with latest International and Maltese news, local medical events, offers online medical learning modules and offers a network platform for the medical professionals
Surgery After surgery patients are moved to either the paediatric intensive care unit or the paediatric inpatient or daycase unit depending on their needs,
Madrid People/Products According to Rafael Moneo, who designed the Gregorio Marañon Maternity and Pediatrics Hospital in Madrid with specialist José María de la Mata, a hospital
Iatrogenic illness and injury are a major source of morbidity and mortality for hospitalized patients. However, little is known about the incidence, nature, and causes of adverse medical events. The objective of this project was to develop a survey that could be used to assess adverse medical events. The survey was designed to obtain systematic information about adverse medical events. The critical incident technique was used to develop the Computerized Critical Incident (CCIT) survey. A test version of the survey (CCIT-I) was installed in the Intensive Care Unit of a major military hospital; 482 incident reports were collected. The survey system was positively received by the staff and the reports resulted in a number of corrective actions. The survey was revised to correct several problems. The second version of the survey (CCIT-II) was evaluated by subject matter experts. The feedback provided by the subject matter experts were used as the basis for a second revision. This resulted in the third,
RESULTS: In the 2006 KID, 22.3% of pediatric inpatients had 1 chronic condition, 9.8% had 2 chronic conditions, and 12.0% had ≥3 chronic conditions. The overall medical error rate per 100 discharges was 3.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.8-3.3); it was 5.3 (95% CI: 4.9-5.7) in children with chronic conditions and 1.3 (95% CI: 1.2-1.3) in children without chronic conditions. The medical error rate per 1000 inpatient days was also higher in children with chronic conditions. The association between chronic conditions and medical errors remained statistically significant in logistic regression models adjusting for patient characteristics, hospital characteristics, disease severity, and length of stay. In the adjusted model, the odds ratio of medical errors for children with 1 chronic condition was 1.40 (95% CI: 1.32-1.48); for children with 2 conditions, the OR was 1.55 (95% CI: 1.45-1.66); and for children with 3 conditions, the OR was 1.66 (95% CI: 1.53-1.81). ...
The Pediatric Inpatient Unit includes 17 beds, all in individual rooms with private bathrooms for children and youngsters up to 18 years of age. In addition, th
Children below the age of 5 years are at a heightened risk of pneumonia. There are simple and practical modifications in our daily lives that can considerably reduce the risk of childhood pneumonia, such as, keeping the child warm and dry, away from those with infections such as cold or cough, not exposing the child to smoke (tobacco smoke, smoke from cook stoves), breastfeeding (exclusive) the child for first six months, among others. Children should be taken to healthcare services on the first symptom such as fever or cold. If the child is not breastfeeding then instead of giving her or him other home-made food please consult a doctor without delay. If the healthcare provider is recommending hospitalization for the child then dont avoid it unless indicated otherwise. Maintaining strict hygiene and cleanliness is also important for child care and preventing pneumonia and other infections ...
Photo caption: Senator Fuschillo helps one of Winthrops child patients pick out a toy from the over 1,500 he delivered to the hospital as part of his annual Extend the Holidays toy drive. 
Hospital stays can be difficult for children - and for their parents and other family members. The Paediatric Team at the Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre strives to create a welcoming and caring environment to make their stay here as positive an experience as possible.
Dr. Cipriano earned both his Bachelors Degree and Medical Degree from the University of Washington in Seattle, where he was the president of his medical sch
We share education with our paediatric unit once every 5 weeks or so. Its a great way to learn, to break down barriers, work towards improving the system, share clinical models and understand that we all have the patients best interests at heart. We rely heavily on the Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne guidelines as a common…
That relationship to our approaching death can only lead to "life-phobia", the inability and unwillingness to be fully alive, because to be fully alive requires an honest and living relationship to our approaching death. We will die and we dont know when. Everyone we know will die and we dont know when.. Our death phobia, coupled with most of us having moved our residence a number of times, as well as having lost any real connection to our ancestors…. leaves us as orphans and homeless. Add to this, our disconnect from the "holy". This causes a "hole" in our being-ness, leaving us desperately hungry and needy. Without acknowledging this hole, we will continue to "consume the earth", being hard on the people around us, and all other life, even when were all recycling and driving electric cars. There is madness and imbalance afoot in the world and a revolution in consciousness is called for.. As a medical event, dying is considered a failure, the end, a lost battle. As a psychological event it ...
This study compares the efficacy of different forms of exercise: rote exercise, occupationally embedded exercise, and altruistic occupationally embedded exercise. The activity chosen for the study was sanding a board bilaterally. The three conditions were: instructions to sand the board for exercise to obtain the therapy goal of getting stronger, the second to sand the board for making a shelf that would be used in the institution, and thirdly to sand the board so it could be part of a rocking horse to be given to children on the pediatric unit of the hospital. The results indicated no significant difference in number of repetitions or distance of motion between conditions. They went on to say that the results were not consistent with the theory of occupational therapy, and they offered possible explanations for the results and possible research strategies for the future. They also suggested that if rote exercise is as effective with cognitively intact patients as occupationally embedded ...
フィリピン共和国ビリラン島における小児肺炎の発症及び危険因子―地域調査に基づく縦断的研 ...
Page 4 - How do pediatric nurses feel when they have to take care of an adult patient? We do not get that many, but we do get a few when there is no one to transition them to. Many of my co workers get
So I have these scrubs that are black with blue/green flowers, blue bubbles, and yellow spongebob on them. The other one Im interested in is a black and grey scrub top with tweety bird on them. I
Volunteer with Nationwide Childrens Hospital Foundation. Find Nationwide Childrens Hospital Foundation volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Childrens Hospital Central California is provider located at Madera CA. Childrens Hospital Central California NPI is 1184059602 and taxonomy code is 282NC2000X.
Learn more about Gastric Emptying Study from experts at Boston Childrens Hospital, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US News.
I have (2) of these dated 1974 in fair condition that I am looking to sell. If anyone is interested in more information, please email me and I can also send you pictures. Would make a great addition to any clown collection ...
Objective: To compare the rates of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) among children in north-west Queensland, according to age, sex and Indigenous status.. Design, setting and patients: Retrospective chart review of hospitalisations at Mt Isa Base Hospital, Queensland, from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2011 among children , 15 years of age.. Main outcome measures: Rates of admission for bronchiolitis, pneumonia and bronchiectasis, calculated using population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.. Results: There were 356 admissions for ALRI, involving 276 children. Of the 162 children aged , 12 months old, 125 (77.2%) were Indigenous. Hospitalisations increased over the study period, and rates were significantly higher among Indigenous children compared with non-indigenous children (24.1 v 4.5 per 1000 population per year). There were 195 admissions of 164 children with pneumonia, 126 (76.8%) of whom were Indigenous. Annual rates for Indigenous children were higher than for ...
I am a wonderful clown. I am the clown to whom all the strangers want to laugh at. I am the same clown thats feared in the backstage. To be a clown i...
Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Bowman on symptoms of severe pneumonia: The prodrome is often somewhat prolonged, lasting for three to seven days and is characterized by fever (temperature ≥100.5ºf [|38ºc]) malaise, headache, and myalgias. Unlike many all other resp viral prodromes, most patients have no upper resp symptoms during this stage. At the end of this prodrome, the respiratory phase begins with a nonproductive cough, and may lead to dyspnea and resp failure. for topic: Symptoms Of Severe Pneumonia
I am going in a new direction this time. Here in Utah you have several options when having a baby Hospital, Home birth, or they have a birthing center. I am so happy to say I am ditching the hospital! I am so not a fan. I dont like the epidural, I hate not being able to eat, And I Abhor having to stay for 24 hour when all I really want is to get my baby home. Now, dont get me wrong, I am a huge fan of doctors, They save lives!! But I do not believe that giving birth is a "medical event" that women need to be saved from. I love that my body was made to have babies. (Even if I swear the very selfish side of me is secretly trying to expel it in the first 5 months through my mouth). I also am not a fan of doing it in my house. I have several very sweet friends who love having their babies born into there homes. That route is just not for me. But let me tell you The birth center here in Salt Lake is so great. ( If you feel like seeing it you can see it here) I went and toured yesterday and it was ...
The Division of Hospital Medicine at Cincinnati Childrens is uniquely positioned to lead changes in pediatric inpatient health care delivery because our clinical practice spans multiple domains within the hospital, medical home, and community.
Here the good news for people who have taken a vaccine against pneumonia-causing bacteria in childhood. A new study has found severe pneumonia decreases by 35
Lyrics to Holiday For Clowns by Hep Stars: There should be a holiday for clowns / There should be a big parade downtown / So girls like you
Unable to get an appointment with Dr. Anaita Hegde soon, and unwilling to wait further after having spent so much time with lack of money, depression, domestic issues, etc we decided to go to the OPD at Wadia hospital where she consults on Fridays.. Was a surprisingly inexpensive affair and straightforward if hideously time consuming.. Rs.20 doesnt even come close to the Rs.800/- we paid for the previous visit, so this is far more affordable as well.. On the train, it was mind numbingly crowded and Nisarga hated it, which meant it was nerve wracking for me. Finally about half way of the hour long journey done, we got a seat from some good Samaritan who had seen us struggling for over half an hour.. That didnt work. Sitting with a wall of strangers packed in his face was the last straw, and Nisarga wailed and fumed till I stood up again. Somehow, we managed and got to the Wadia Childrens Hospital.. Knowing we would be late, Raka called up my father and asked him to file the case papers. I ...
The PICU, aka Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, is for infants the NICU wont take and all other kids up to about the age of 18 (some up to 21) or whatever age the pediatric hospital has decided to admit. Even this age cut-off is becoming blurred because patients with chronic diseases (cystic fibrosis or special needs kids) might stick with their childrens hospital well into their 20s. This is becoming an area of concern for pediatric institutions-- how to transition adults into adult-centered care ...
The mystery into the death of Doink the Clown could be SOLVED in the next week ... cause officials have completed the autopsy on the ex-WWE star and are…
I work in a children hospital as a chargemaster. the problem i am encounting is , They use revenue code 762 for every facility fee. I tried to explain
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Tiffany Glasgow, MD is a Professor of Pediatrics in the Inpatient Division at the University of Utah. She completed her medical school and residency training a
Clowns are scary. Something about the chalk-white faces, the way their gums gleam beneath the waxy red lipstick, the eerie way the wig slides off their skull makes clowns scary. Even though the logical side of our brains tells us theres no physical threat of being near a clown, the fear still churns in our guts. This irrational fear of clowns actually has a name: coulrophobia.
Acute inpatient rehab provides you with constant care to help rebuild your strength, coordination, and independence after a major medical event. Acute rehabilitation services can include a combination of intensive therapies such as occupational therapy, physical therapy, and/or speech therapy, using the latest techniques and technologies.
Clown Care is a program in hospitals and medical centers involving visits from specially trained clowns. They are sometimes called "Clown Doctors" which is a trademarked name in several countries. These visits to hospitals have been shown to help healing patients with the positive power of hope and humor. There is also an associated positive benefit to the staff and families of patients. (Wikipedia ...
Paediatrics In the paediatric units at Tays, we treat children and adolescents under 16 years old with symptoms and diseases that require specialised care for tests and treatment. The treatment of certain difficult and rare diseases has been allocated to university hospitals. We are responsible for specialised health care emergency services,
This holistic approach to childbirth examines this profound rite-of-passage not as a medical event, but as an act of self-discovery. Exercises and activities such as journal writing, meditation, and painting are designed to help mothers analyze their thoughts and face their fears during pregnancy. A wonderful resource for women planning for a new birth, or for women looking to do some emotional work on healing from a past birth experience.. ...
Best stories, art and poetry about class clown. Authors who write about class clown. Other Red Fez members intersted in class clown.
Wicked Clown Mask is an over-the-head style mask complete with open wounds and a grimy red ball nose befitting a Wicked Clown. Clown Mask fits most teens and adults.
Boston Childrens Hospital ranked #1 childrens hospital from U.S.News & World Report - See how we are working until every child is well.
The fear of clowns is called coulrophobia. While its not technically a recognized mental health condition, if clowns make you anxious, youre not alone, and theres plenty you can do about it.
Now theres an app for us. Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC is among the first pediatric hospitals in the nation to release its own app for the Apple iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.
Pimp is a American Brown Ale style beer brewed by Clown Shoes in Ipswich, MA. 3.96 average with 162 ratings, reviews and opinions.
Pimp is a American Brown Ale style beer brewed by Clown Shoes in Ipswich, MA. 3.96 average with 162 ratings, reviews and opinions.
A woman accused of dressing as a clown and fatally shooting her lovers wife in Florida in 1990 will not be going to trial in early 2020 as scheduled.
Has you always dreamed of joining the circus? Heres a great place to start: clown shoes. For just $11.01 (and with more than 10 pairs available) you can begin to make your dream come true. Just try not to terrify any children along the way (seriousl
Childrens Hospital & Medical Center and its financial counselor can work with you to identify payment options that meet your personal needs and ability to pay
Background xiv Manipulation of drug dosage forms is frequently conducted in children due to lack of age appropriate formulations. Manipulation involves physical alteration of a dosage form to extract a proportion of the drug amount such as tablet splitting, opening a capsule or splitting a suppository to either obtain prescribed dose or make administration easier. In the United Kingdom, a resource rich setting, frequency of manipulation was 6.5% of drugs administered to children. Kenyatta National Hospital, a national referral hospital is a resource constrained setting. The study aimed at determining the prevalence of manipulation of drugs to obtain the prescribed dose in paediatric in-patient units in this hospital. Method An observational cross sectional study was conducted between 5th and 18th July 2016 in 4 general paediatric wards, oncology patients, specialized surgical ward, paediatric intensive care and newborn units. Medicines administration by nursing staff and clinicians to newly ...
Meet Orphan Drug scientists and Experts in Rare Diseases from USA (America) UK, Europe, Middle East and Asia Pacific countries- Baltimore, Dubai, Spain, Brisbane, Bangalore, Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, New York, Switzerland, San Antonio at Orphan Drugs conferences and Pharmaceutical Events held from May 15-17, 2017 Munich, Germany

*Anyang, Gyeonggi

1963: a ferry sank near Seoul drowning 37 children and 12 adults, the majority of whom were school children from Anyang who ... Holley, David (21 December 1995). "S. Korea to Indict 2 Ex-Leaders, Including Hospitalized Chun". "South Korean hostages say ... Lee's body was found on a mountain in Suwon 77 days after the children went missing. 2010 and 2011: Anyang Halla won the Asia ... "Ferry Sinks; 37 Children, 12 Adults Die". The Gettysburg Times. October 23, 1963. "S. KOREA POLICE GRAB DISSIDENT'S BODY POLICE ...

*Jean Webster

... was frequently hospitalized for manic-depressive episodes. The McKinneys' child, John, also showed signs of mental instability ... She was the eldest child of Annie Moffet Webster and Charles Luther Webster. She lived her early childhood in a strongly ... Keely, Karen (Sep 2004). "Teaching Eugenics to Children:Heredity and Reform in Jean Webster's Daddy-Long-Legs and Dear Enemy". ... As part of her course she visited institutions for "delinquent and destitute children". She became involved in the College ...

*Öyle Bir Geçer Zaman Ki

Cemile and children get evicted from their house and are without money. Ali lets Cemile and children live in the unfinished ... Caroline is hospitalized. There she sets her terms: Ali must get a divorce from Cemile in order for Caroline to drop charges ... This puts an end to her and her children's struggle with money. When her partner in ownership of Harcı Triko A.Ş marries an ... Berrin Akarsu, the oldest child of Captain Ali and Cemile, is married to a rich guy named Hakan and together they have a baby ...

*Acute flaccid myelitis

Most of the children were from the Denver metropolitan area. All were hospitalized. Common features included acute focal limb ... "Children's Hospital: 10th Colorado child has paralysis-like symptoms; may be tied to Enterovirus 68". ABC 7 News Denver. "CDC ... "Children's Hospital: 10th Colorado child has paralysis-like symptoms; may be tied to Enterovirus 68". ... "Neurologic Illness with Limb Weakness in Children". CDC. 2014-10-03. "Neurologic Deficits in Children Preceded by Febrile ...

*Hiroki Uchi

"Uchi Hiroki Hospitalized". "Hiroki Uchi to star in Fuji TV mini-drama - Tokyograph". "Uchi, Kusano no ... 2012: Shiritsu Bakaleya Koukou THE MOVIE as Sakuragi Ren 2013: Ninja Kids!!! Summer Mission Impossible as Doi Hansuke 2004: One ... While performing in Hey! Say! Dream Boy shows (along with KAT-TUN), Uchi was diagnosed with and hospitalized for pulmonary ...

*Hanoch Hecht

Rabbi Hanoch is an active volunteer for Toys for Hospitalized Children, a program that provides toys for children around the ... "Toys for Hospitalized Kids". collive. " - Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News". ... Chabad On Line. " ... Rabbi Hanoch is one of ten children to Shea and Bella Hecht, born in Brooklyn, NY. He grew up as a sixth generation Brooklynite ...


"Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health". WHO. Retrieved July 4, 2014.. *^ a b c d e f g h "An update of 'The Neglected ... Among those who are hospitalized, nutritional support improves protein, calorie intake and weight.[107] ... a b c d e f g h National Guidelines for the Management of Severely Malnourished Children in Bangladesh, Institute of Public ... If the child is conscious, the initial dose of sugar and water can be given by mouth.[125] If the child is unconscious, give ...

*Meri Behan Maya

After knowing that Maya is Shazeb's illegitimate child she hates him and runs away. Shazeb suffers stroke and hospitalized. ...

*Grace Coyle

Coyle, Grace Longwell; Fisher, Raymond (1950). Group Work with Hospitalized Children. Coyle, Grace Longwell (1950). The ... Coyle, Grace Longwell (1948). Group work with American youth: a guide to the practice of leadership. Harper. ... such as child welfare, family welfare or health services, recreation and informal education. Case work, group work, and ... One of the primary functions of group work is the attempt to build on the inevitably social interests both of children and ...

*Wayne Lifeguard

The bus driver and all children were transported to the hospital as well. One child on the bus suffered a broken arm; the rest ... The fire truck was spun 180° and its front was demolished; all 3 firefighters were hospitalized. ... For example, in 1982, at Petersburg, Virginia, a 1973 Wayne Lifeguard school bus transporting 41 elementary school children was ...

*West Nickel Mines School shooting

... will likely use the donations to help pay the medical costs of the hospitalized children.[24] ... Three children were admitted to Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, four to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and one to ... The Nickel Mines Children's Fund was established to aid the families of the children who had been shot, especially since the ... He warned the 911 dispatcher that if state police were not off the property in two seconds, he would kill the children. The ...

*Marcial Maciel

He had a troubled youth: his father ridiculed him and encouraged his brothers to whip him. He sent the boy to work in the sugar ... There were allegations of drug abuse, for which he was investigated in 1956; he was hospitalized for morphine addiction. He was ... In July 2009, a Spanish daily published an interview with a woman who had a child with Maciel in 1986 and was living in a ... Maciel was born in Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico, the youngest boy of nine children, to a family with strong connections to the ...

*Margaret Power

She remained hospitalized for some time. At one point, just before Christmas, she was so close to death that one of the ... The Power children formed a superhero team called Power Pack. They went to great lengths to conceal the existence of their ... The four Power children managed to escape before being captured and were given superhuman powers by a Kymellian scientist named ... in order to help the children hide their superhero identities. The blocks caused James and Maggie to accept any suggestions and ...

*Panic disorder

Alessi NE, Magen J; Magen (November 1988). "Panic disorder in psychiatrically hospitalized children". Am J Psychiatry. 145 (11 ... Parents often feel helpless when they watch a child suffer. They can help children give a name to their experience, and empower ... Moreau DL, Follet C (1993). "Panic disorder in children and adolescents". Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2: 581-602. Diler ... February 1997). "Panic disorder and agoraphobia in consecutively referred children and adolescents". J Am Acad Child Adolesc ...

*Roger Etchegaray

Etchegaray was hospitalized with broken bones. Etchegaray, of Basque stock, was born in the Northern Basque Country to Jean- ... The eldest of three children, he has two younger siblings, Jean and Maïté; their father worked as an agricultural mechanic. He ...

*Raimonds Vējonis

Vējonis speaks fluent Russian and English in addition to Latvian, and is married and has two children. He is a pagan. On 18 ... January 2016 Vējonis was hospitalized. He was first transported to the Toxicology and sepsis clinic of the Riga East Clinical ... Vējonis speaks fluent Russian and English in addition to Latvian, and is married and has two children. He is a pagan. Vējonis ...

*Psilocybe cyanescens

... she died three days after being hospitalized. Similar cases in children (not resulting in death) have been reported in San ...


Kee, Edwin (2015-01-15). "InMoov Explorer Allows Hospitalized Children To "Travel"". Retrieved 2016-04-20. " ... "This robot will take sick kids on a virtual trip to the zoo". 2015-06-11. Retrieved 2016-04-20. "Print your own ... Cipriani, Jason (2015-06-11). "This Robot Could Take Sick Kids To The Zoo , Popular Science". Retrieved 2016-04-20 ... "Meet the robot giving hospitalised children superpowers , Guardian Sustainable Business". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-04-20. " ...

*2017 Philippine dengue vaccination controversy

"Cebuano boy given Dengvaxia hospitalized for dengue". ABS-CBN News. "Dengvaxia blamed for death of 2 kids". Philippine Daily ... A boy from Cebu City, also 10-year-old, was hospitalized due to the vaccine that was given to him, and another girl, Anjielica ... According to Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption (VACC), some children, all aged 10 years old, died allegedly after they ... The victims' parents blamed the dengue vaccine for the deaths of their children. "DOH suspends dengue vaccination program". ...

*List of Terra Formars characters

He's currently hospitalized at the U-NASA. Gina S. Asimov (ジーナ・S・アシモフ, Jīna S Ashimofu) Voiced by: Akeno Watanabe (Japanese); ... Like Akari, she is the child of a subject of the Bug Procedure, which gives Michelle the same powers her father had, that of ... She's currently hospitalized in the U-NASA. Rosa Reinhardt (ローザ・ラインハルト, Rōza Rainharuto) Voiced by: Minako Kotobuki (Japanese ... She cheated on her husband a year before he embarked to Mars, having a child with another man. Despite that, Adolf still cared ...

*Darkside (novel)

Darkside is a children's novel by Tom Becker, about a boy called Jonathan who discovers a world hidden in London; a world run ... Alain Starling - Jonathan's ill and hospitalized Dad. Carnegie - A mysterious werewolf and a detective. Marianne - A strange, ... It won the 2007 Waterstone's Children's Book Prize and was longlisted for the 2008 Manchester Book Award. Darkside also won the ... Waterstone's Children's Book Prize Archived 2009-10-15 at the Wayback Machine. Manchester Book Award. Manchester Book Award. ...

*Marika Mitsotakis

Mitsotakis was hospitalized on April 17, 2012. She died at the Evgenidion Hospital in Athens on May 6, 2012, at the age of 81. ... The couple had four children: Dora, who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece from 2006 to 2009 and Mayor of ... She was survived by her husband and their four children, thirteen grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Papapostolou, ... Tsatsou, Marianna (2012-04-17). "Former Greek First Lady Marika Mitsotakis Hospitalized". Greek Reporter. Retrieved 2012-05-27 ...

*Tsai Wan-lin

He had been hospitalized for six years. Tsai was married to Chou Pao-chin and had seven children. List of billionaires "The ... Tsai started out in Taipei by selling vegetables and soybeans with his brothers as a child. With one of his brothers Tsai ...

*Sadako Sasaki

Children of Hiroshima. References[edit]. *^ Radiation Effects Research Foundation (former Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission) " ... She was hospitalized on February 20, 1955, and given a year to live. ... By the time she was admitted, her white blood cell count was six times higher compared to the levels of an average child. ... Several years after the atomic explosion an increase in leukemia was observed, especially among children. By the early 1950s, ...


Children[edit]. In children, the use of gastric acid inhibitors has been associated with an increased risk for development of ... Ranitidine and other histamine H2 receptor antagonists may increase the risk of pneumonia in hospitalized patients.[26] They ... Children[edit]. In general, studies of pediatric patients (aged 1 month to 16 years) have shown no significant differences in ... with gastric acidity inhibitors increases the risk of acute gastroenteritis and community-acquired pneumonia in children". ...

*Patient safety

Dependency: Hospitalized children, especially those who are very young and/or nonverbal, are dependent on caregivers, parents, ... Different epidemiology: Most hospitalized children require acute episodic care, not care for chronic conditions as with adult ... Inpatient indicators are treatments or conditions with the greatest potential of an adverse event for hospitalized children. ... Children are more dependent on public insurance, such as State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and Medicaid. One of ...

*Leiner Health Products

... and two of the plant's 600 workers were hospitalized with burns. The fire started in a mixing room, where the workers were ... which were not packaged in child-proof containers as required by the Poison Prevention Packaging Act. On March 12, 2002, they ...

*Jen Rubino

Marrazzo, Amanda (23 January 2013). "Cards for Hospitalized Kids helps kids deal with loneliness". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved ... her service efforts making a difference for thousands of hospitalized kids by founding and running Cards for Hospitalized Kids ... is the founder of the American charity Cards for Hospitalized Kids (or CFHK for short) which helps seriously ill children ... At the end of 2012, Points of Light awarded Rubino a Daily Point of Light Award for her work doing Cards for Hospitalized Kids ...

Blood Cultures in Children Hospitalized With CAP?Blood Cultures in Children Hospitalized With CAP?

Dr William Basco comments on a recent multicenter study looking at true rates of bacteremia in children hospitalized with ... Blood Cultures in Children With Pneumonia. Current guidelines suggest obtaining a blood culture in any hospitalized child whose ... Finally, this was not a universal survey of hospitalized children, in that blood culture was not obtained in every child with ... The study children were aged 3 months to 18 years, and were hospitalized between 2007 and 2011. Using results from blood ...
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Many Hospitalized Kids Struggle With Pain - MedicineNetMany Hospitalized Kids Struggle With Pain - MedicineNet

Many children who are hospitalized suffer from moderate to severe pain despite advances in medicines understanding of how pain ... home/healthy kids center/ healthy kids a-z list/ many hospitalized kids struggle with pain article ... FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Many children who are hospitalized suffer from moderate to severe pain despite advances in ... Constance Monitto, a pediatric anesthesiologist at Johns Hopkins Childrens Center, said in the news release. "Treating a child ...
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Respiratory virus hospitalizes 12 childrenRespiratory virus hospitalizes 12 children

Twelve children have been hospitalized in Delaware with a respiratory illness caused by an unidentified virus, state health ... Respiratory virus hospitalizes 12 children. Twelve children have been hospitalized in Delaware with a respiratory illness ... Twelve children have been hospitalized in Delaware with a respiratory illness caused by an unidentified virus, state health ...
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Child hospitalized with gunshot wound; Savannah-Chatham police investigatingChild hospitalized with gunshot wound; Savannah-Chatham police investigating

... A 3-year-old suffering from a gunshot wound was ... The child was taken to the hospital with what police at the time believed to be non-life-threatening injuries. ... At about 12:45 p.m., said Savannah-Chatham police spokesman Julian Miller, the child picked up his fathers gun at a Montgomery ...
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Deadly Bacterial Infections Rising Among Hospitalized Children | Live ScienceDeadly Bacterial Infections Rising Among Hospitalized Children | Live Science

An increasing number of hospitalized children are becoming infected Clostridium difficile. ... Overall, children with CDI were 1.2 times more likely to die while hospitalized than those with other conditions, the study ... The results show the number of cases of Clostridium difficile infection, or CDI, among hospitalized children rose by about 15 ... Pass it on: More hospitalized children are becoming infected with Clostridium difficile. The disease may increase the risk of ...
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Videoconferencing to Reduce Stress Among Hospitalized Children | Articles | PediatricsVideoconferencing to Reduce Stress Among Hospitalized Children | Articles | Pediatrics

... and other child care responsibilities. One possible solution is to use videoconferencing, whereby hospitalized children are ... Videoconferencing to Reduce Stress Among Hospitalized Children. Nikki H. Yang, Madan Dharmar, Nayla M. Hojman, Candace K. ... Hospitalized children routinely experience stress, fear, and anxiety, regardless of the reason for admission. 1 These emotions ... Videoconferencing to Reduce Stress Among Hospitalized Children. Nikki H. Yang, Madan Dharmar, Nayla M. Hojman, Candace K. ...
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Bedside Diagnosis of Influenzavirus Infections in Hospitalized Children | Articles | PediatricsBedside Diagnosis of Influenzavirus Infections in Hospitalized Children | Articles | Pediatrics

... of children who are hospitalized with respiratory symptoms have influenzavirus, 78% to 85% of children with positive rapid ... Bedside Diagnosis of Influenzavirus Infections in Hospitalized Children. Katherine A. Poehling, Marie R. Griffin, Robert S. ... The 2 other children with fever and without respiratory symptoms were hospitalized with the diagnoses of sepsis and fever ... Of 625 children hospitalized during the study period, 303 (48%) had qualifying admission criteria of respiratory symptoms and/ ...
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16 US children hospitalized with gunshot wounds each day - CNN16 US children hospitalized with gunshot wounds each day - CNN

... were hospitalized due to firearm injuries in 2012. However, the total number of children who are shot is much higher, the ... Research finds that roughly 16 children a day, or an estimated 5,862 a year, ... It indicates the importance of the data on why children are hospitalized. He has also used the numbers to show trends in child ... Most of the children were hospitalized for six days due to the severity of their injuries, and most needed extensive followup ...
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Pain assessment and intensity in hospitalized children in Canada.  - PubMed - NCBIPain assessment and intensity in hospitalized children in Canada. - PubMed - NCBI

Pain assessment and intensity in hospitalized children in Canada.. Stevens BJ1, Harrison D, Rashotte J, Yamada J, Abbott LK, ... Children who were older, ventilated, or hospitalized in surgical units were more likely to have a pain assessment score ... pain assessment is not consistently performed in hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to determine the nature ... Pain assessment was documented at least once within the 24 hours for 2,615/3,822 (68.4%) children; 1,097 (28.7%) with a pain ...
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Kids Hospitalized Longer If Parents Not Fluent | Medpage TodayKids Hospitalized Longer If Parents Not Fluent | Medpage Today

... their children may have longer inpatient stays if they need to be hospitalized, researchers reported. ... Kids Hospitalized Longer If Parents Not Fluent. When parents dont speak English well, their children may have longer inpatient ... When parents dont speak English well, their children may have longer inpatient stays if they need to be hospitalized, ... When their children get sick, they may have difficulty negotiating the healthcare system, and it has been shown that - in the ...
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Thousands of Kids Hospitalized Every Year After Ingesting Parents Meds | Live ScienceThousands of Kids Hospitalized Every Year After Ingesting Parents' Meds | Live Science

... children go to the emergency room for accidentally ingesting prescriptiondrugs, such as opioid painkillers and anti-anxiety ... Thousands of Kids Hospitalized Every Year After Ingesting Parents Meds. By Bahar Gholipour 2014-09-15T15:04:03Z. Health ... About three-quarters of the hospitalized kids were between the ages of 1 and 2, according to the study, published today (Sept. ... 9 Weird Ways Kids Can Get Hurt]. The new findings show that despite efforts to make drug packaging "child-resistant," ...
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Compared with children ages 2 to 9, the rate of hospital-associated VTE was about four times higher for teens ages 14 to 17 ( ... Be aware that the difference in rates may be affected by observation bias; not all children were prospectively evaluated for ... "These data can contribute to the design of future clinical trials to prevent hospital-associated VTE in high-risk children," ... Catheter-associated cases were diagnosed most often in infants and young children and patients with cancer. ...
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HFCWO in Hospitalized Asthmatic Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govHFCWO in Hospitalized Asthmatic Children - Full Text View -

... is superior to regular asthma therapy in the management of children hospitalized with moderate to severe asthma. ... A historically controlled pilot study was conducted in pediatric patients 18 months to 18 years of age hospitalized with a ...
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A child among 195 people quarantined at a Southern California air base after evacuation from a virus-stricken area of China ... developed a fever and was hospitalized for testing and observation, local authorities said Tuesday. ... The child and a parent of the child were taken by ambulance Monday evening from March Air Reserve Base to Riverside University ... local authorities said Tuesday.The child and a parent of the child were taken by ambulance Monday evening from March Air ...
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... the child was exiting a school bus about 4 p.m. on Ga. 119 near the intersection with Wildwood Church Road, when the child was ... A 5-year-old Bryan County child was transported to a local hospital with serious head trauma after being struck by a vehicle ... Bryan County child struck by truck, hospitalized. Friday. Feb 8, 2013 at 12:16 AM ... A 5-year-old Bryan County child was transported to a local hospital with serious head trauma after being struck by a vehicle ...
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A Mason City man is behind bars and an infant remains hospitalized. Police were called to the 2500 block of South Jefferson ... Infant Hospitalized, Child Endangerment Charges Filed Against Mason City Man. Posted 5:43 pm, June 30, 2017, by Staff Writer, ... After an investigation between police, the DCI, and DHS, child endangerment and possession of drug paraphernalia charges were ... CERRO GORDO COUNTY, Iowa -- A Mason City man is behind bars and an infant remains hospitalized. ...
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Another way Cards for Hospitalized Kids has spread the word is through the media. Cards for Hospitalized Kids has been featured ... The mission of Cards for Hospitalized Kids is to provide hospitalized children with hope, joy and magic through handmade cards ... Missing or empty ,title= (help) "Make A Card For A Hospitalized Child At The 500 Festival Kids Day". Indianapolis Star. May 9 ... Marrazzo, Amanda (23 January 2013). "Cards for Hospitalized Kids helps kids deal with loneliness". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved ...
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Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism.. Germone MM1,2, Gabriels ... 2 Childrens Hospital Colorado, USA.. 3. 3 Purdue University, USA.. Abstract. There is preliminary research suggesting that ... pilot study sought to investigate the benefits of animal-assisted activities with dogs and psychiatrically hospitalized youth ... that animal-assisted activities with a dog may promote social-communication behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth ...
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Bianchetti MG, Markus-Vecerova D, Schaad UB (1995) Antibiotics in the treatment of urinary infections in hospitalized children ... Changes in antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections in hospitalized children. ... In infants and young children without a known urinary tract malformation, Escherichia coli is responsible for the vast majority ... Bloomfield P, Hodson EM, Craig JC (2003) Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3: ...
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3 adults, 2 children hospitalized for CO poisoning in Fairfax Co.. Three adults and two children were taken to an area hospital ... Three adults and two children were taken to an area hospital after a high-level of carbon monoxide was found inside a Fairfax ... Of the seven people inside the home that complained of illness, three adults and two children were taken to an area hospital. ...
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  • The study evaluated more than 7500 hospitalized children with CAP, 34.2% of whom had undergone blood culture testing. (
  • FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Many children who are hospitalized suffer from moderate to severe pain despite advances in medicine's understanding of how pain works and the best ways to treat it, a new study finds. (
  • An increasing number of hospitalized children are becoming infected with a type of bacteria known as Clostridium difficile , which can cause severe diarrhea and even death, according to a new study. (
  • Overall, children with CDI were 1.2 times more likely to die while hospitalized than those with other conditions, the study showed. (
  • We included a total of 367 children in the study: 232 Family-Link users and 135 non-Family-Link users. (
  • In this study, we sought to evaluate the impact of a videoconferencing program, "Family-Link," which allows hospitalized children and their parents to visit other family members and friends, on the stress experienced by hospitalized children. (
  • Every year, more than 34,000 U.S. children go to the emergency room for accidentally ingesting prescription drugs, such as opioid painkillers and anti-anxiety pills, a new study finds. (
  • This pilot study sought to investigate the benefits of animal-assisted activities with dogs and psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism spectrum disorder. (
  • The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health announced on Tuesday the launch of "a groundbreaking new study called the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) study … a large multi-country case-control study of severe pneumonia in hospitalized children under five years of age … being conducted in Bangladesh, The Gambia, Kenya, Mali, South Africa, Thailand, and Zambia," according to a JHSPH press release . (
  • MONDAY, June 18 -- The number of children hospitalized with high blood pressure nearly doubled in a single decade, according to a new study. (
  • About 1 percent to 3 percent of U.S. children have high blood pressure, much of which is related to obesity, according to study background information. (
  • We conducted an observational study from September 2016 through May 2018 to identify risk factors of mortality in hospitalized children, aged 6 to 60 mo, fulfilling the WHO criteria of SAM. (
  • There was a study in Science Magazine about two weeks ago that said that children are probably a third as likely to get infected with coronavirus as adults. (
  • Noxafil use in hospitalized children increased significantly over a 10-year period, according to a study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society . (
  • Over the study period, there was significant variability in posaconazole utilization across hospitals, and overall use increased by 22% per year, including by 27% per year in children less than 13 years of age for whom the drug was not approved. (
  • The study included children aged younger than 18 years who were prescribed the drug for at least 1 day. (
  • James Homes, MD, professor of emergency medicine in the UC Davis School of Medicine, and colleagues conducted the study under the auspices of the groundbreaking Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) to evaluate whether children with minor blunt head trauma and normal CT scans would safely be sent home. (
  • The prospective, multicenter observational cohort study involved 13,543 children younger than 18 years with minor blunt head trauma (including isolated head or multisystem trauma) at 25 emergency departments between 2004 and 2006. (
  • The CroHort Study: Cardiovascular Behavioral Risk Factors in Adults, School Children and Adolescents, Hospitalized. (
  • In a 3-year prospective study a nasopharyngeal aspirate for viral studies and acute and convalescent serum samples for viral and bacterial serology were taken from 254 children with symptoms of acute infection and infiltrates compatible with pneumonia in the chest radiograph. (
  • In one year alone, over 4,500 children in the United States were hospitalized due to child abuse, and 300 of them died of their injuries, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study. (
  • Around 10 percent of pot smokers' kids tested registered for traces of THC before legalization, 21 percent afterward - and "non-white children were more likely to be exposed than white children," the study adds. (
  • A statement by Dr. Wilson about the results reads in part: "Our study demonstrates that, as with secondhand tobacco smoke, children can be exposed to the chemicals in marijuana when it is smoked by someone nearby. (
  • The objectives of our study were to describe the epidemiology of child-health indicator diseases in western Jamaica, examine differences in indicator diseases between sex and age, and generate hypotheses about causes of disease burden. (
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the viral etiological agents in children hsopitalized for respiratory findings in a tertiary care center betwen September 2011 and 2012. (
  • The translated scale's responsiveness to change and inter-rater reliability were tested in study II, based on repeated measurements from 45 preverbal children before and after minor outpatient surgery. (
  • This study will certainly facilitate HAdV vaccine development and treatment of HAdV infections in children. (
  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura in Children and Adults: A Comparative Retrospective Study in IRAN. (
  • In the present study, we explored the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of NVs in children younger than 5 years hospitalized for AGE from 2012 through 2017 in Hohhot, China. (
  • This prospective study aimed to describe the etiology and management of hospitalized and outpatient cases of diarrhea in Gabonese children under five years of age. (
  • The aim of the present study is to identify the trends of immediate causes and chronic underlying diseases associated with deaths of children at one of the largest teaching hospitals in China over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). (
  • To improve the understanding of the causes of death in children and provide clinical cautionary information to professional healthcare providers, the present study aimed to retrospectively review and identify the trends of immediate causes and chronic underlying diseases associated with deaths of children at one of the largest tertiary-level hospitals in China. (
  • This study aimed to determine the age-specific aetiologic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than five years. (
  • This study included 280 children aged less than 5 years, admitted with diarrhoea to any of the four major hospitals in Dar es Salaam. (
  • The present study aimed at detection of enteric pathogens in children with diarrhoea to provide an update on the spectrum and age specific causes of diarrhoea. (
  • Children from a pediatric renutrition center were prospectively enrolled in a fecal carriage study. (
  • A total of 402 malnourished children under 5 years of age were enrolled in this study between September 2012 and January 2013 at the Bugando Medical Centre (BMC). (
  • 18 years hospitalized with pneumonia (1/2010-6/2012) and a convenience sample of children without pneumonia (2/2011-6/2012) enrolled at the Utah site of the CDC's EPIC study. (
  • As a lawyer who handles medical malpractice cases in Illinois, Missouri as well as many other states, I was surprised by the new study which concluded that medicine mix-ups, overdoses and adverse drug reactions hurts one out of every 15 hospitalized children, the Associated Press reports. (
  • At this point, statins should not become the standard of care for people hospitalized with the flu," cautioned study co-author Dr. Ann Thomas, a public health physician with the Oregon Public Health Division in Portland. (
  • conclusions: careful administration of oxacillin in children is recommended with established treatment duration. (
  • CERRO GORDO COUNTY, Iowa -- A Mason City man is behind bars and an infant remains hospitalized. (
  • Josie Brooklyn Duggar remains hospitalized after being born three months premature, however there's also some positive news about her progress. (
  • Before admitting young children during winter months, most pediatric hospitals routinely use rapid diagnostic testing for RSV to facilitate policies that minimize nosocomial infections. (
  • Bianchetti MG, Markus-Vecerova D, Schaad UB (1995) Antibiotics in the treatment of urinary infections in hospitalized children. (
  • Earlier this month, government officials in New York State became aware of about 100 children who had come down with a serious condition called Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C), likely due to earlier coronavirus infections. (
  • Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) (primarily pneumonia) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide in infants and children, especially in developing country. (
  • These children experience disease burden similar to that of children in other developing countries, but fewer neonatal sepsis and insect-borne infections, and more hematologic illness. (
  • approximately 11 million children under 5 years of age die each year as a result of infections and malnutrition [ 1 ]. (
  • In addition, symptoms and signs of infections in malnourished children are often unremarkable making prompt clinical diagnosis and early treatment difficult [ 7 - 9 ]. (
  • As per the BMC protocol, children with severe malnutrition and those suspected to have severe infections were admitted and received prophylactic ampicillin and gentamicin. (
  • Nylund and his colleagues examined a national database that included information on children discharged from hospitals in 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006. (
  • Pain assessment practices and pain intensity scores documented during a 24-hour period were collected from 3,822 children aged 0 to 18 years hospitalized on 32 inpatient units in 8 Canadian pediatric hospitals. (
  • This article presents current pediatric pain assessment practices and data on pain intensity in children in Canadian pediatric hospitals. (
  • Studies in the past few years have shown that the number of children going to hospitals after ingesting parents' medication has been increasing, and that prescription drugs (as opposed to over-the-counter medications) account for more than half of these emergency room visits. (
  • People across the country are involved with Cards for Hospitalized Kids and send in cards for them to distribute to hospitals. (
  • Cards for Hospitalized Kids has received support from multiple celebrities such as Lauren Conrad, Nastia Liukin and Aly Raisman who send in cards and autographed pictures for Cards for Hospitalized Kids to distribute in hospitals. (
  • Individuals and organizations also become involved with Cards for Hospitalized Kids by hosting their own card-making events where they make cards for Cards for Hospitalized Kids to distribute in hospitals. (
  • As a result of this national support, thousands of children at more than 150 hospitals and Ronald McDonald Houses nationwide have received cards from them. (
  • They found that children diagnosed with hypertension when admitted to hospitals increased from about 12,600 in 1997 to about 24,600 in 2006. (
  • During that period, the cost of caring for these children in hospitals increased 50 percent to an estimated $3.1 billion. (
  • Downes and colleagues noted that the wide variation in use might reflect differences in the needs of the patients served by those hospitals, including the number of immunocompromised children. (
  • Marjorie Bingham, an avid needle arts crafter, wasn't able to personally deliver the hundreds of hats she made last year to kids who spent the holidays in area hospitals. (
  • HealthDay News) - New research finds that children who are hospitalized get discharged sooner and come back less often when hospitals take extra efforts to control treatment utilizing antibiotics . (
  • Smith said the organization has been donating gifts to children who have been admitted at South-east Texas hospitals during the holidays for more than three years now. (
  • In China, the majority (77%) of urban children die in hospitals. (
  • The number of children hospitalized is increasing, especially in urban centers and large community hospitals. (
  • Of these 110 children, 57 (51.8%) had edematous malnutrition and 53 (48.1%) had non edematous malnutrition. (
  • Children with severe malnutrition: can those at highest risk of death be identified with the WHO protocol. (
  • La malnutrition chez les enfants hospitalisés mérite une attention particulière et des stratégies efficaces pour un dépistage systématique et pour un traitement de la malnutrition doivent être élaborées et mises en oeuvre. (
  • Malnutrition is a major health problem in hospitalized paediatric patients and is reported as varying between 21% and 80% in proportion with the level of development of the countries . (
  • Early neonatal morbidity and mortality pattern in hospitalized children. (
  • Bacteremia in malnourished children has been found to increase morbidity and mortality especially if is due to multidrug resistant bacteria. (
  • There is a need to review empirical antibiotic treatment coupled with antibiotic stewardship to prevent mortality and morbidity of severely malnourished children under 5 years of age. (
  • This information is very important in the implementation of antibiotic stewardship and appropriate antibiotic empirical treatment in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality of malnourished children under 5 years of age. (
  • According to the news release, previous research has found that people who are exposed to intense pain as children can become more sensitive to pain as adults. (
  • Enhancing the safety of medication packaging could reduce the risk these drugs pose to children, but it may be an inconvenience for adults and add some cost, the researchers said. (
  • 3 adults, 2 children hospitalized for CO poisoning in Fairfax Co. (
  • These children have all the risk factors for cardiovascular disease that adults have, he said. (
  • This epidemic continues unabated, accompanied by a range of complicated and costly medical problems that threaten not just to shorten our children's lives, but to increase medical spending and medical care use of children and young adults. (
  • It also diminishes the quality of life and capacity to make contributions to the social capital that propels a nation such as ours for vast numbers of our nation's children and young adults. (
  • While pandemic-control measures have understandably focused on protecting adults, the coronavirus apparently poses some risk to kids as well. (
  • A lthough COVID-19 continues to pose much less risk to children than to adults, reports in March that not a single child had died from the disease were apparently too good to be true. (
  • So that means that kids are getting infected, but probably at a much lower rate than adults. (
  • However, less is known about the role of ketamine in pain management in children, adolescents, and young adults. (
  • We examined the effects of subanesthetic ketamine on pain intensity and opioid intake in children, adolescents, and young adults with acute and chronic pain syndromes treated in an inpatient setting. (
  • These data suggest that administration of subanesthetic ketamine for pain management is feasible and safe in regular inpatient care units and may benefit children, adolescents, and young adults with acute and chronic pain. (
  • We are looking for kids (and adults! (
  • Molecular epidemiology of Clostridium difficile strains in children compared with that of strains circulating in adults with Clostridium difficile-associated infection. (
  • Blood culture may still be warranted in children with CAP who have chronic medical conditions or recent antibiotic exposure. (
  • An increase in antibiotic prescriptions for children may also explain the trend, the researchers said. (
  • According to international guidelines, fluoroquinolones (FQ) should only be prescribed to children when there is no alternative antibiotic. (
  • Conclusion FQ were used as 'reserve antibiotic,' and so on-label, in a minority of all FQ prescriptions for hospitalized children. (
  • Asked to get hospitalized for antibiotic injections. (
  • Children with preterm birth or intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) at birth, inborn error of metabolism, congenital anomalies, chronic renal failure, cerebral palsy, chronic liver disease, and chromosomal abnormalities were excluded. (
  • All children with congenital malformations and neurological disorders were excluded. (
  • She was especially struck that the majority of the children under 15 hospitalized with gunshot wounds were unintentionally injured and said these accidents could easily have been prevented if the guns had been locked up. (
  • To evaluate lymphocyte changes during measles, children (n= 274) hospitalized with measles in Lusaka, Zambia, were evaluated at entry, discharge, and 1-month follow-up and compared to healthy Zambian children (n= 98). (
  • The multiple effects of measles on lymphocytes from Zambian children include decreased numbers in circulation, increased activation, and increased susceptibility to cell death, with substantive differences in the magnitude of these changes between boys and girls. (
  • HIV Type 1 Infection Is a Risk Factor for Mortality in Hospitalized Zambian Children with Measles. (
  • RESULTS: Of 1474 enrolled children, 1227 (83%) had confirmed measles and known HIV-1 infection status. (
  • 9 months of age, the age of routine measles vaccination, compared with one-fourth of the uninfected children (P = .07). (
  • Moreover, the investigators were able to investigate characteristics of children and families associated with this increase in hospitalizations. (
  • The spectrum and characteristics of diseases shift gradually with the growth and development of children. (
  • From 2008 to 2015, the percentage of children ages 5 to 17 hospitalized for suicidal thoughts or actions more than doubled, according to data presented Sunday at the 2017 Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting in San Francisco. (
  • ELIZABETH, NJ - Jonathan Tavara-Nima, 32, of Elizabeth has been sentenced to 25 years in state prison for sexually assaulting a young child he was hired to care for in May of 2017. (
  • To see the effects of hypertension, Tran's team used data from the Kids' Inpatient Database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006. (
  • When hypertension was the main diagnosis, it was seen most often in children with lupus, complications from a kidney transplant, pneumonia and other kidney conditions. (
  • This letter was sent to the authors of "Diagnosis and Management of Dehydration in Children," who declined to reply. (
  • Quidel Corp, San Diego, CA) completed at the bedside of hospitalized children to viral culture and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for influenzavirus. (
  • Co-infection with a range of viral and bacterial organisms was a common feature in HBoV-positive children and was found in 14 (37%) samples. (
  • Of children with viral enteritis, 19.6% had a mixed norovirus-rotavirus infection. (
  • Viral agent detected wasn't affected by familial smoking or siblings but parainfluenze virus was more common in children attending day care (14.8% vs 4.8%, p=0.04). (
  • These data suggest that HRV species and viral load may play a role in the development of pneumonia in children. (
  • Almost nine out of every 10 children experienced pain, and it was moderate to severe for 40 percent of them. (
  • however, 33% of the children had either moderate (4-6/10) or severe (7-10/10) pain intensity recorded. (
  • To determine whether or not high frequency chest wall oscillation (in the form of the VestTM) is superior to regular asthma therapy in the management of children hospitalized with moderate to severe asthma. (