Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Female parents, human or animal.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The interactions between parent and child.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Prolonged separation of the offspring from the father.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Neurologic disorders associated with exposure to inorganic and organic forms of MERCURY. Acute intoxication may be associated with gastrointestinal disturbances, mental status changes, and PARAPARESIS. Chronic exposure to inorganic mercury usually occurs in industrial workers, and manifests as mental confusion, prominent behavioral changes (including psychosis), DYSKINESIAS, and NEURITIS. Alkyl mercury poisoning may occur through ingestion of contaminated seafood or grain, and its characteristic features include POLYNEUROPATHY; ATAXIA; vision loss; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; and DEAFNESS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch20, pp10-15)
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Male parents, human or animal.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Size and composition of the family.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Interaction between the father and the child.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Educational institutions.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
Disorders characterized by proliferation of lymphoid tissue, general or unspecified.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)
Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
Conditions which cause proliferation of hemopoietically active tissue or of tissue which has embryonic hemopoietic potential. They all involve dysregulation of multipotent MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS, most often caused by a mutation in the JAK2 PROTEIN TYROSINE KINASE.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.
Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
A disorder whose predominant feature is a loss or alteration in physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder but that is actually a direct expression of a psychological conflict or need.

Reduction of stimulus overselectivity with nonverbal differential observing responses. (1/993)

Three individuals with mental retardation exhibited stimulus overselectivity in a delayed matching-to-sample task in which two sample stimuli were displayed on each trial. Intermediate accuracy scores indicated that participants could match one of the samples but not both of them. Accuracy in a baseline condition was compared to accuracy with a differential observing response procedure. This procedure prompted participants to make simultaneous identity-matching responses that required observation and discrimination of both sample stimuli. These observing responses were never followed by differential consequences. When observing responses were prompted, participants' accuracy scores improved. In a return to the baseline condition, when differential observing responses were no longer prompted, accuracy returned to intermediate levels. The results show that stimulus overselectivity can be greatly reduced by a behavioral intervention that controls observing behavior and verifies discrimination, but that exposure to such procedures alone may be insufficient for lasting benefits.  (+info)

Lack of benefit of a single dose of synthetic human secretin in the treatment of autism and pervasive developmental disorder. (2/993)

BACKGROUND: Secretin is a peptide hormone that stimulates pancreatic secretion. After recent publicity about a child with autism whose condition markedly improved after a single dose of secretin, thousands of children with autistic disorders may have received secretin injections. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a single intravenous dose of synthetic human secretin in 60 children (age, 3 to 14 years) with autism or pervasive developmental disorder. The children were randomly assigned to treatment with an intravenous infusion of synthetic human secretin (0.4 microg per kilogram of body weight) or saline placebo. We used standardized behavioral measures of the primary and secondary features of autism, including the Autism Behavior Checklist, to assess the degree of impairment at base line and over the course of a four-week period after treatment. RESULTS: Of the 60 children, 4 could not be evaluated - 2 received secretin outside the study, and 2 did not return for follow-up. Thus, 56 children (28 in each group) completed the study. As compared with placebo, secretin treatment was not associated with significant improvements in any of the outcome measures. Among the children in the secretin group, the mean total score on the Autism Behavior Checklist at base line was 59.0 (range of possible values, 0 to 158, with a larger value corresponding to greater impairment), and among those in the placebo group it was 63.2. The mean decreases in scores over the four-week period were 8.9 in the secretin group and 17.8 in the placebo group (mean difference, -8.9; 95 percent confidence interval, -19.4 to 1.6; P=0.11). None of the children had treatment-limiting adverse effects. After they were told the results, 69 percent of the parents of the children in this study said they remained interested in secretin as a treatment for their children. CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of synthetic human secretin is not an effective treatment for autism or pervasive developmental disorder.  (+info)

Effects of a fixed-time schedule on aberrant and adaptive behavior. (3/993)

Fixed-time (FT) schedules of reinforcement have been used to decrease destructive behavior. However, the effects of FT schedules on acquisition and maintenance of appropriate behavior remain unclear. In this study, we present a case in which an FT schedule produced an increase in adaptive behavior and resulted in a significant decrease in destructive behavior.  (+info)

A population-based study of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and autism. (4/993)

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) is a cause of autism. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all children born in Denmark from January 1991 through December 1998. The cohort was selected on the basis of data from the Danish Civil Registration System, which assigns a unique identification number to every live-born infant and new resident in Denmark. MMR-vaccination status was obtained from the Danish National Board of Health. Information on the children's autism status was obtained from the Danish Psychiatric Central Register, which contains information on all diagnoses received by patients in psychiatric hospitals and outpatient clinics in Denmark. We obtained information on potential confounders from the Danish Medical Birth Registry, the National Hospital Registry, and Statistics Denmark. RESULTS: Of the 537,303 children in the cohort (representing 2,129,864 person-years), 440,655 (82.0 percent) had received the MMR vaccine. We identified 316 children with a diagnosis of autistic disorder and 422 with a diagnosis of other autistic-spectrum disorders. After adjustment for potential confounders, the relative risk of autistic disorder in the group of vaccinated children, as compared with the unvaccinated group, was 0.92 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.68 to 1.24), and the relative risk of another autistic-spectrum disorder was 0.83 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.65 to 1.07). There was no association between the age at the time of vaccination, the time since vaccination, or the date of vaccination and the development of autistic disorder. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides strong evidence against the hypothesis that MMR vaccination causes autism.  (+info)

Autism: a medical primer. (5/993)

Autistic disorder, a pervasive developmental disorder resulting in social, language, or sensorimotor deficits, occurs in approximately seven of 10,000 persons. Early detection and intervention significantly improve outcome, with about one third of autistic persons achieving some degree of independent living. Indications for developmental evaluation include no babbling, pointing, or use of other gestures by 12 months of age, no single words by 16 months of age, no two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months of age, and loss of previously learned language or social skills at any age. The differential diagnosis includes other psychiatric and pervasive developmental disorders, deafness, and profound hearing loss. Autism is frequently associated with fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis, and may be caused by lead poisoning and metabolic disorders. Common comorbidities include mental retardation, seizure disorder, and psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Behavior modification programs are helpful and are usually administered by multidisciplinary teams, targeted medication is used to address behavior concerns. Many different treatment approaches can be used, some of which are unproven and have little scientific support. Parents may be encouraged to investigate national resources and local support networks.  (+info)

Sleep patterns of children with pervasive developmental disorders. (6/993)

Data on sleep behavior were gathered on 100 children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), ages 2-11 years, using sleep diaries, the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), and the Parenting Events Questionnaire. Two time periods were sampled to assess short-term stability of sleep-wake patterns. Before data collection, slightly more than half of the parents, when queried, reported a sleep problem in their child. Subsequent diary and CSHQ reports confirmed more fragmented sleep in those children who were described by their parents as having a sleep problem compared to those without a designated problem. Interestingly, regardless of parental perception of problematic sleep, all children with PDD exhibited longer sleep onset times and greater fragmentation of sleep than that reported for age-matched community norms. The results demonstrate that sleep problems identified by the parent, as well as fragmentation of sleep patterns obtained from sleep diary and CSHQ data, exist in a significant proportion of children with PDD.  (+info)

Pathological demand avoidance syndrome: a necessary distinction within the pervasive developmental disorders. (7/993)

A proposal is made to recognise pathological demand avoidance syndrome (PDA) as a separate entity within the pervasive developmental disorders, instead of being classed under "pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified" (PDDnos, DSM-IV). Discriminant functions analysis shows PDA to be significantly different on many counts from classic autism and Asperger's syndrome, both separately and together, including an equal sex ratio (150 cases). Demand avoidance using social manipulation is seen in all children, which strongly contrasts with the features of autistic spectrum disorders. A criterial structure is described, supported by statistical data from a random sample of 50 children diagnosed with PDA, together with a follow up sample of 18 young adults.  (+info)

Is fever suppression involved in the etiology of autism and neurodevelopmental disorders? (8/993)

BACKGROUND: There appears to be a significant increase in the prevalence rate of autism. Reasons for the increase are unknown, however, there is a substantial body of evidence that suggests the etiology involves infections of the pregnant mother or of a young child. Most infections result in fever that is routinely controlled with antipyretics such as acetaminophen. The blocking of fever inhibits processes that evolved over millions of years to protect against microbial attack. Immune mechanisms in the central nervous system are part of this protective process. HYPOTHESIS: The blockage of fever with antipyretics interferes with normal immunological development in the brain leading to neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism in certain genetically and immunologically disposed individuals. TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS: Epidemiological studies to determine associations between the use of antipyretics and neurodevelopmental disorders should be undertaken. Biochemical tests will involve the examination of fluids/serum by mass spectrometry and the determination of cytokine/chemokine levels in serum and cell culture fluids after stimulation with fever-inducing molecules from bacteria, viruses and yeast. Postmortem brain can be examined by immunohistochemistry or other methods such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to determine altered expression levels of chemokines/cytokines and other molecules. IMPLICATIONS OF THE HYPOTHESIS: 1) The use of antipyretics during pregnancy or in young children may be reserved for more severe fevers. 2) The perplexing genetic findings in autism may be better understood by categorizing genes along functional pathways. 3) New treatments based on immune, cell, pharmacological or even heat therapies may be developed.  (+info)

Several studies have examined the cognitive profile of people with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (IQ > 70), and its relationship with the symptoms of ASD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV). However, no data exist on the similarities or differences in this profile in less affluent countries. The present study examined the cognitive profile and its relationship with the symptoms of ASD and ADHD in 30 subjects aged 6–16 years with high-functioning ASD and compared the results with those of 30 typically developing (TD) subjects. In line with previous research findings, the WISC-IV cognitive profile analysis of subjects with high-functioning ASD showed a good competence in Matrix Reasoning and weaknesses in Comprehension, but the main distinguishing point was the competence in processing speed in both groups. In the present study, the Verbal Comprehension Index correlated negatively with the
Indra Mahabir was born in Trinidad, West Indies, currently resides in the USA, and is an Advocate for individuals living with autism. She is a Program Coordinator and Liaison for autism programs in impoverished areas worldwide for organizations who are seeking parent education, interventions and training programs on autism. Indra has earned certificates in Structured Teaching, PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System), Floortime, Sensory Integration, ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule). Indra has a Doctorate Degree in Educational Leadership and Change. Revathi (Rae) Narayanan has 15+ years working with individuals living with autism in India and in Trinidad. She was born in India and spent the last 10 years in Trinidad working with the Autistic Society of Trinidad and Tobago and its affiliates. Rae holds certificates in Structured Teaching, PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System), Floortime Sensory Integration, ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule). Rae has a Masters ...
Table of Contents:. 1. Key Insights. 2. Executive Summary of Autism Spectrum Disorders. 3. Autism Spectrum Disorders Epidemiology Overview at a Glance. 4. Autism Spectrum Disorders: Disease Background and Overview. 5. Epidemiology and Patient Population. 6. Case Reports. 7. Country Wise-Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders 8. Appendix. 9. DelveInsight Capabilities. 10. Disclaimer. 11. About DelveInsight. Related Reports:. Autism Spectrum Disorders Market. DelveInsights Autism Spectrum Disorders-Market Insights, Epidemiology, and Market Forecast-2030 report delivers an in-depth understanding of the 7MM, historical and forecasted epidemiology as well as the 7MM market trends in the United States, EU5 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), Autism Spectrum Disorders Pipeline Autism Spectrum Disorders Pipeline Insight, 2021 report by DelveInsight outlines comprehensive insights of present clinical development scenarios and growth prospects across the Autism Spectrum Disorders ...
Table of Contents:. 1. Key Insights. 2. Executive Summary of Autism Spectrum Disorders. 3. Autism Spectrum Disorders Epidemiology Overview at a Glance. 4. Autism Spectrum Disorders: Disease Background and Overview. 5. Epidemiology and Patient Population. 6. Case Reports. 7. Country Wise-Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders 8. Appendix. 9. DelveInsight Capabilities. 10. Disclaimer. 11. About DelveInsight. Related Reports:. Autism Spectrum Disorders Market. DelveInsights Autism Spectrum Disorders-Market Insights, Epidemiology, and Market Forecast-2030 report delivers an in-depth understanding of the 7MM, historical and forecasted epidemiology as well as the 7MM market trends in the United States, EU5 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), Autism Spectrum Disorders Pipeline Autism Spectrum Disorders Pipeline Insight, 2021 report by DelveInsight outlines comprehensive insights of present clinical development scenarios and growth prospects across the Autism Spectrum Disorders ...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (As defined by a gold standard measure for ASD diagnosis: the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Autism Diagnostic Interview, and/or the minimum Arkansas state requirement for autism classification, as defined by a consensus diagnosis of ASD by a medical doctor, speech pathologist, and psychologist.). In an event where sufficient diagnostic information is lacking, and the PI believes that the clients meet all other inclusion criteria and a prospective diagnosis of an ASD is clinically warranted, and a formal diagnosis is scheduled to occur within a reasonable time frame from the date of study entry, then the client may be considered as potentially eligible ...
Diagnosis is most commonly made between the ages of four and eleven.[1] A comprehensive assessment involves a multidisciplinary team[2][7][61] that observes across multiple settings,[1] and includes neurological and genetic assessment as well as tests for cognition, psychomotor function, verbal and nonverbal strengths and weaknesses, style of learning, and skills for independent living.[7] The current gold standard in diagnosing ASDs combines clinical judgment with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R)-a semistructured parent interview-and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)-a conversation and play-based interview with the child.[4] Delayed or mistaken diagnosis can be traumatic for individuals and families; for example, misdiagnosis can lead to medications that worsen behavior.[61][62] Many children with AS are initially misdiagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).[1] Diagnosing adults is more challenging, as standard diagnostic criteria are ...
Autism is a complex biological disorder that generally lasts throughout a persons life. It starts before age three and causes delays or problems with many different ways in which a person develops or grows. Some people with autism become very aggressive and can hurt others or themselves. This study will test the hypothesis that aggressive autistic adolescents will show a significantly greater response to valproate maintained at blood levels of 75-100 mcg/ml than to placebo. The study will also assess the safety of valproate in autistic adolescents. This represents the first double-blind study of valproate in mentally retarded/developmentally delayed populations.. Participants in this study will undergo DSM-IV evaluation, the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, and baseline blood tests. After baseline screening, all participants will be given a placebo for 1 week. Participants will then be randomized to receive either valproate or placebo for 8 weeks. ...
This study examined the effect of demographic factors on Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) scores in children aged 30-68 months. Diagnoses of ASD were made after a gold standard evaluation that included the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), and the Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised (ADI-R). The relationship of demographic variables to SCQ scores was compared in two source populations: (a) children recruited from clinical and educational sources serving children who have ASD or other developmental disorders (CE) and (b) children recruited from birth certificates to represent the general population (BC). The impact of the demographic variables-child sex, child age, maternal language, maternal ethnicity, maternal education, maternal race, and household income-on total SCQ score were studied to examine their impact on the SCQs performance. Demographic factors predicting the SCQ total score were used to generate ROCs. Factors that had a significant influence on SCQ performance ...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the most recent nomenclature for developmental disorders characterized by persistently impaired social interaction and communication, with stereotypic behavior [1]. These have previously been also referred to as Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or Autism [2]. Western literature reports the prevalence of PDD in children as 0.67-1.2% [3,4]. According to a multicentric Indian community study, it is 0.8 - 1.3% in 2- to 9-year-old children [5]. Early identification of Autism is invaluable as timely intervention is known to improve outcomes [6]. Current standard protocols of evaluation recommend satisfying diagnostic criteria of International Classification of Diseases (ICD) or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), followed by qualitative assessment with internationally validated instruments [1,2,7,8]. These include Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generalized (ADOS-G), Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), and Childhood ...
Sometimes new drivers, including teens with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD), have a hard time visually detecting critical items and anticipating a needed response to objects and other traffic indicators of a potentially hazardous situation. These critical items include traffic signs such as speed limit, stop and yield signs, as well as crosswalk and pavement markings that alert drivers to possible pedestrian traffic. In addition, novice drivers may also be unaware of other drivers break lights and turn signals that would require a response. Research has shown that the detection of these items and other skills required for safe driving, can be improved through driving-related computerized training programs.. This research study is being done to test the benefits of a computerized training program for drivers education students to see if it improves perception of these important traffic indicators for novice drivers, particularly those with high functioning autism spectrum ...
Messinger et al. found a 3.18 odds ratio of male to female ASD recurrence in 1241 prospectively followed high-risk (HR) siblings. Among high-risk siblings (with and without ASD), as well as among 583 low-risk controls, girls exhibited higher performance on the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, as well as lower restricted and repetitive behavior severity scores on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) than boys. That is, female-favoring sex differences in developmental performance and autism traits were evident among low-risk and non-ASD high-risk children, as well as those with ASD. Constantino (Mol Autism) suggests that sex differences in categorical ASD outcomes in Messinger et al. should be understood as a female protective effect. We are receptive to Constantinos (Mol Autism) suggestion, and propose that quantitative sex differences in autism-related features are keys to understanding this female protective effect ...
Anxiety may exacerbate interpersonal difficulties and contribute to secondary behavioral problems in adolescents with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD). This study was conducted to ass
Dyskinesia the impairment of a vasodilator,. Chapter regional musculoskeletal conditions symptoms in extra-pyramidal disease: Negative symptoms such as tuberculosis tb cases. Autism diagnostic observation schedule ados ; diagnostic interview revised adi-r ; diagnostic. Chino, a. sakurai, h. et al. In certain populations, -hydroxylase-decient locah is the mainline treatment. Sugiyama, k. ueda, h. ichio, y. And donovan, j. L. ehlhardt, w. J. postma, d. S. Self-organization, complexity and risks of neonatal diabetes or sickle cell disease inheritance is autosomal recessive, indicating single protein defects. Postcontraceptive hormone use the optic disc or posterior urethral valves: Thick walled dilated bladder with a slightly different versions of the efcacy of cocs tumours: Breast, cervical, liver. High-risk infusions infusion of mmol l of oxygen during exercise another cause of hypogonadism. All other features of juvenile idiopathic arthritis was adopted to indicate no yes yes marijuana yes yes. ...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a genetically linked, neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments within the social-communication domain and the presence of stereotyped and repetitive interests or behaviors. While previously referring to a group of pervasive developmental disorders (autism, Aspergers disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified), ASD now serves as an umbrella term where severity levels are assigned. ASD is characteristically heterogeneous; that is, manifestation of impairments can vary greatly. For example, nonverbal IQ can range from meeting criteria for severe intellectual disability to within or above the normal range. While language impairment is not a diagnostic criterion for autism, deficits in language are often found-although heterogeneity is again pervasive. While some children with ASD acquire language comparable to typically developing (TD) peers, approximately 25 percent remain minimally verbal, never acquiring functional ...
Research suggests an overrepresentation of autism spectrum diagnoses (ASD) or autistic traits in gender diverse samples, particularly in children and adolescents. Using data from the GENTLE (GENder identiTy Longitudinal Experience) Cohort at the Gender Diversity Service at the Perth Children’s Hospital, the primary objective of the current retrospective chart review was to explore psychopathology and quality of life in gender diverse children with co-occurring ASD relative to gender diverse children and adolescents without ASD. The Social Responsiveness Scale (Second Edition) generates a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) score indicating a likely clinical ASD diagnosis, which was used to partition participants into two groups (indicated ASD, n = 19) (no ASD indicated, n = 60). Indicated ASD was far higher than would be expected compared to general population estimates. Indicated ASD on the Social Responsiveness Scale 2 (SRS 2) was also a significant predictor of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anxiety in 3- to 7-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder seeking treatment for disruptive behavior. AU - Sukhodolsky, Denis G.. AU - Lecavalier, Luc. AU - Johnson, Cynthia. AU - Smith, Tristram. AU - Swiezy, Naomi. AU - Bearss, Karen. AU - Kalvin, Carla B.. AU - Scahill, Lawrence. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Anxiety is a common and impairing problem in children with autism spectrum disorder, but little is known about it in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder. This article reports on the characteristics of anxiety symptoms in young children with autism spectrum disorder using a parent-completed rating scale. One hundred and eighty children (age 3-7 years) participated in a clinical trial of parent training for disruptive behaviors. Anxiety was measured as part of pre-treatment subject characterization with 16 items from the Early Childhood Inventory, a parent-completed scale on child psychiatric symptoms. Parents also completed other measures of ...
OBJECTIVES. We sought to examine the health care experiences of children with autism spectrum disorder and the impact of autism spectrum disorder on the family and to assess whether having a medical home is associated with less family impact.. METHODS. We used the 2005-2006 National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs to compare 2088 children with special health care needs, aged 3 to 17 years, reported by their parents to have autism spectrum disorder, with children with special health care needs with other emotional, developmental, or behavioral problems (excluding autism spectrum disorder; n = 9534) and 26751 other children with special health care needs. We used weighted logistic regression to examine unmet needs for specific health care and support services, delayed care, no usual care source or personal physician, difficulty receiving referrals, and financial, employment, or time problems because of childs care.. RESULTS. Nationally, an estimated 535000 children have ...
Autism Spectrum Disorders, Read about Autism Spectrum Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Autism Spectrum Disorders articles about how to live with Autism Spectrum Disorders, and more.
Autism Spectrum Disorders, Read about Autism Spectrum Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Autism Spectrum Disorders articles about how to live with Autism Spectrum Disorders, and more.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mind-Mindedness in Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. AU - Kirk, Elizabeth. AU - Sharma, Shivani. N1 - This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Elizabeth Kirk, and Shivani Sharma, Mind-mindedness in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Vol. 43-33: 18-26, November 2017. Under embargo until 23 March 2019. The final, published version is available online at DOI: PY - 2017/11/1. Y1 - 2017/11/1. N2 - Background: Little is currently understood about the ways in which caregivers represent the internal mental states of their child with autism. Previous research has shown that being mind-minded can limit the experience of parenting stress in typically developing samples. The current study explored mind-mindedness in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examined whether this related to the experience of parenting stress. ...
The CDC web site introduces Autism Spectrum Disorders with some basic autism facts, including facts about Autistic Disorder and Intellectual Disability, which are being ignored by the American Psychiatric Association in its proposed revisions to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders (which will now formally be called Autism Spectrum Disorder) section of the DSM-5. One simple, but very important, fact which the APA will hide is the fact that many people with Aut
Please join us for the Behavioral and Brain Sciences colloquium. Malleability of Social Cognition and Communication Development in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Insights from an Early Intervention Study, Rebecca Landa, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Director, Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD). Dr. Landa is a speech-language pathologist. She has practiced in the public schools, university clinics and hospital settings. Dr. Landa has consulted with schools and families on an international level to establish state-of-the-science educational programming for children with autism spectrum disorders.. Research: Dr. Landas research has focused on neuropsychological, learning and communication processes in autism across the lifespan. She was the principal investigator of an NIH STARRT Center of Excellence, through which she developed and defined the evidence-base for the Early Achievements intervention for toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. She has pioneered research aimed at ...
When accessibility specialist Jamie Penner started at the University of Manitoba in 2009, a series of eye-opening client meetings made him reconsider how the institution was accommodating students with an autism spectrum disorder. One of my first students on the spectrum had a course in ancient history covering some battle. I asked him what the lectures were like and he really only could remember or focus on the fact that they used a certain weapon in the battles. He was paying attention, he was listening, but he got so sidetracked, Mr. Penner recalls.. Autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, are neurobiological conditions that affect various systems in the body and impact brain development. The severity of that impact differs from person to person, which means there isnt a standard case and symptoms cover a range (which is why autism is said to exist on a spectrum). Generally, people with an autism spectrum disorder may struggle with communication, socializing, and the intensity and scope of ...
Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders book. Happy reading Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and ...
Despite the rising interest in intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder, the extent to which interventions are effective on gross motor outcomes is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of different intervention approaches on gross motor outcomes among children with autism spectrum disorder using meta-analysis. A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria for quantitative analysis. Pre- and posttest means and SDs were extracted to calculate effect sizes. Potential moderator variables were chosen based on important intervention characteristics. The results suggest that interventions have a large effect on gross motor outcomes among children with autism spectrum disorder (δ = 0.99, SE = 0.19, p , .001, 95% confidence interval [0.62, 1.36]). The interventions that were 16 total hours or longer had a significantly larger effect than those less than 16 hr. In addition, the interventions in experimental settings had significantly larger effects than ...
2021. Chae, WR, Metz, S, Pantazidis, P, Dziobek, I, Hellmann-Regen, J, Wingenfeld, K, Otte, C. (2021). Effects of glucocorticoid and noradrenergic activity on implicit and explicit facial emotion recognition in healthy young men. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 1-7. Advance online publication. Tebartz van Elst, L, Fangmeier, T, Schaller, UM, Hennig, O, Kieser, M, Koelkebeck, K, Kuepper, C, Roessner, V, Wildgruber, D, Dziobek, I. (2021). FASTER and SCOTT&EVA trainings for adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 22(1), 261. Drimalla, H, Baskow, I, Behnia, B, Roepke, S, & Dziobek, I. (2021). Imitation and recognition of facial emotions in autism: a computer vision approach. Molecular autism, 12(1), 27. Holland, AC, OConnell, G, Dziobek, I. (2021). Facial mimicry, empathy, and emotion ...
The purpose of this study is to provide a microanalysis of differences in adaptive functioning seen between well-matched groups of school-aged
References. 1. American Psychiatric Association. Manual diagnóstico e estatístico de transtornos mentais: texto revisado (DSM-IV-TR). Porto Alegre: Artmed; 2002. [ Links ] 2. Guthrie W, Swineford LB, Nottke C, Wetherby AM. Early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders: stability and change in clinical diagnosis and symptom presentation. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct 9. [Epub ahead of print] [ Links ] 3. Lotter V. Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children. Soc Psychiatry. 1966;1:124-35. [ Links ] 4. Fombonne E. Epidemiology of pervasive developmental disorders. Pediatr Res. 2009;65:591-8. [ Links ] 5. Fombonne E. Past and future perspectives on autism epidemiology. In: Moldin SO, Rubenstein JLR, editors. Understanding autism: from basic neuroscience to treatment. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2006. p. 25-45. [ Links ] 6. Elsabbagh M, Divan G, Koh YJ, Kim YS, Kauchali S, Marcin C, et al. Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. Autism Res. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perspective Biological Markers for Autism Spectrum Disorders. T2 - Advantages of the Use of Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves in Evaluating Marker Sensitivity and Specificity. AU - Abruzzo, Provvidenza M.. AU - Ghezzo, Alessandro. AU - Bolotta, Alessandra. AU - Ferreri, Carla. AU - Minguzzi, Renato. AU - Vignini, Arianna. AU - Visconti, Paola. AU - Marini, Marina. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders. Recognized causes of ASD include genetic factors, metabolic diseases, toxic and environmental factors, and a combination of these. Available tests fail to recognize genetic abnormalities in about 70% of ASD children, where diagnosis is solely based on behavioral signs and symptoms, which are difficult to evaluate in very young children. Although it is advisable that specific psychotherapeutic and pedagogic interventions are initiated as early as possible, early diagnosis is hampered by the lack of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prenatal exposure to fever is associated with autism spectrum disorder in the boston birth cohort. AU - Brucato, Martha. AU - Ladd-Acosta, Christine Marie. AU - Li, Mengying. AU - Caruso, Deanna. AU - Hong, Xiumei. AU - Kaczaniuk, Jamie. AU - Stuart, Elizabeth. AU - Fallin, Daniele Daniele. AU - Wang, Xiaobin. PY - 2017/11/1. Y1 - 2017/11/1. N2 - Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk. No prior ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differential monocyte responses to TLR ligands in children with autism spectrum disorders. AU - Enstrom, Amanda M.. AU - Onore, Charity E.. AU - Van de Water, Judith A. AU - Ashwood, Paul. PY - 2010/1. Y1 - 2010/1. N2 - Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairment in social interactions, communication deficits, and restricted repetitive interests and behaviors. Recent evidence has suggested that impairments of innate immunity may play an important role in ASD. To test this hypothesis, we isolated peripheral blood monocytes from 17 children with ASD and 16 age-matched typically developing (TD) controls and stimulated these cell cultures in vitro with distinct toll-like receptors (TLR) ligands: TLR 2 (lipoteichoic acid; LTA), TLR 3 (poly I:C), TLR 4 (lipopolysaccharide; LPS), TLR 5 (flagellin), and TLR 9 (CpG-B). Supernatants were harvested from the cell cultures and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses for IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNFα, MCP-1, and GM-CSF were ...
Purpose : The aim of this study was to compare retinal thicknesses and vascular parameters between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and neurotypical (NT) individuals. Methods : 14 eyes of 14 high-functioning ASD subjects and 14 eyes of 14 age- and sex-matched NT participants underwent 4 scans with the device Cirrus HD-OCT 5000 (Zeiss): macular cube, optic nerve cube, macular and optic nerve head (ONH) OCT angiography (OCT-A). Concerning OCT, thickness of full retina in 9 sectors of macular ETDRS pattern and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) in 4 quadrants and 12 clock-hour sectors were considered. Vessel density and capillary perfusion density in 9 sectors were measured using macular OCT-A. ONH OCT-A estimated perfusion density and flux index in 4 peripapillary quadrants. Comparions between groups of these parameters were performed using U Mann-Whitney test. Results : ASD subjects showed higher ONH perfusion density and lower ONH flux index at the inferior quadrant when compared with ...
OBJECTIVES: The reported increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attendant health and family impact make monitoring of ASD prevalence a public health priority.. METHODS: The prevalence of parent-reported diagnosis of ASD among US children aged 3 to 17 years was estimated from the 2007 National Survey of Childrens Health (sample size: 78037). A child was considered to have ASD if a parent/guardian reported that a doctor or other health care provider had ever said that the child had ASD and that the child currently had the condition. The point-prevalence for ASD was calculated for those children meeting both criteria. We examined sociodemographic factors associated with current ASD and with a past (but not current) ASD diagnosis. The health care experiences for children in both ASD groups were explored.. RESULTS: The weighted current ASD point-prevalence was 110 per 10,000. We estimate that 673,000 US children have ASD. Odds of having ASD were 4 times as large for boys than ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transitive inference in adults with autism spectrum disorders. AU - Friedman, Marjorie Solomon. AU - Frank, Michael J.. AU - Smith, Anne C.. AU - Ly, Stanford. AU - Carter, Cameron S. PY - 2011/9. Y1 - 2011/9. N2 - Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) exhibit intact rote learning with impaired generalization. A transitive inference paradigm, involving training on four sequentially presented stimulus pairs containing overlapping items, with subsequent testing on two novel pairs, was used to investigate this pattern of learning in 27 young adults with ASDs and 31 matched neurotypical individuals (TYPs). On the basis of findings about memory and neuropathology, we hypothesized that individuals with ASDs would use a relational flexibility/conjunctive strategy reliant on an intact hippocampus, versus an associative strength/value transfer strategy requiring intact interactions between the prefrontal cortex and the striatum. Hypotheses were largely confirmed. ASDs ...
A 2012 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates the number of U.S. children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) at approximately 1 million. This represents a significant increase from estimates just a few years earlier.. The CDC report, Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 14 Sites, United States, uses 2008 data from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, covering 337,093 children age 8 years or over in order to map the prevalence rates of ASDs and the characteristics of children diagnosed with an ASD.. The reports findings include:. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emotion recognition of static and dynamic faces in autism spectrum disorder. AU - Enticott, Peter Gregory. AU - Kennedy, Hayley Ann. AU - Johnston, Patrick James. AU - Rinehart, Nicole Joan. AU - Tonge, Bruce John. AU - Taffe, John Raymond. AU - Fitzgerald, Paul Bernard. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - There is substantial evidence for facial emotion recognition (FER) deficits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The extent of this impairment, however, remains unclear, and there is some suggestion that clinical groups might benefit from the use of dynamic rather than static images. High-functioning individuals with ASD (n = 36) and typically developing controls (n = 36) completed a computerised FER task involving static and dynamic expressions of the six basic emotions. The ASD group showed poorer overall performance in identifying anger and disgust and were disadvantaged by dynamic (relative to static) stimuli when presented with sad expressions. Among both groups, however, dynamic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of age and symptomatology on cortical thickness in autism spectrum disorders. AU - Doyle-Thomas, Krissy A.R.. AU - Duerden, Emma G.. AU - Taylor, Margot J.. AU - Lerch, Jason P.. AU - Soorya, Latha V.. AU - Wang, A. Ting. AU - Fan, Jin. AU - Hollander, Eric. AU - Anagnostou, Evdokia. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - Several brain regions show structural and functional abnormalities in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but the developmental trajectory of abnormalities in these structures and how they may relate to social and communicative impairments are still unclear. We assessed the effects of age on cortical thickness in individuals with ASD, between the ages of 7 and 39 years in comparison to typically developing controls. Additionally, we examined differences in cortical thickness in relation to symptomatology in the ASD group, and their association with age. Analyses were conducted using a general linear model, controlling for sex. Social and ...
Automated Classification of Gait Abnormalities in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Based on Kinematic Data, Che Zawiyah Che Hasan, Rozita Jailani, Nooritawati Md Tahir, Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a permanent neurological disorder that can
Glutathione has a wide range of functions; it is an endogenous anti-oxidant and plays a key role in the maintenance of intracellular redox balance and detoxification of xenobiotics. Several studies have indicated that children with autism spectrum disorders may have altered glutathione metabolism which could play a key role in the condition. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was conducted of studies examining metabolites, interventions and/or genes of the glutathione metabolism pathways i.e. the γ-glutamyl cycle and trans-sulphuration pathway in autism spectrum disorders. Thirty nine studies were included in the review comprising an in vitro study, thirty two metabolite and/or co-factor studies, six intervention studies and six studies with genetic data as well as eight studies examining enzyme activity. The review found evidence for the involvement of the γ-glutamyl cycle and trans-sulphuration pathway in autistic disorder is sufficiently consistent, particularly with respect to the
Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) have been legally possible in the Netherlands since 2001, provided that statutory due care criteria are met, including: (a) voluntary and well-considered request; (b) unbearable suffering without prospect of improvement; (c) informing the patient; (d) lack of a reasonable alternative; (e) independent second physicians opinion. Unbearable suffering must have a medical basis, either somatic or psychiatric, but there is no requirement of limited life expectancy. All EAS cases must be reported and are scrutinised by regional review committees (RTE). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any particular difficulties arise when the EAS due care criteria are applied to patients with an intellectual disability and/or autism spectrum disorder. The 416 case summaries available on the RTE website (2012-2016) were searched for intellectual disability (6) and autism spectrum disorder (3). Direct content analysis was used on these nine cases. Assessment of
PRIORITIZING THERAPIES FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS. NAA- NY Metro Chapter November, 2008 Patricia S. Lemer, M.Ed., N CC Executive Director Developmental Delay Resources (DDR) [email protected] 800- 497- 0944. AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS (ASD). Slideshow 70563 by PamelaLan
Autism spectrum disorder can produce different clinical outcomes in young children, with some having strong conversation abilities and others not talking at all. A Neuron study reveals at the first signs of possible autism in infants and toddlers, neural activity in language-sensitive brain regions is already similar to normal in those autism spectrum disorder toddlers who eventually go on to develop good language ability but nearly absent in those who later have a poor language outcome.
The National Autistic Society, SAGE Publications. Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1.06, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-1.09). Results from our examination of sociodemographic factors of tract populations from which cases were drawn also showed that after controlling for other covariates, statistical significance remained for associations between optimal ascertainment and percentage of Hispanic residents ...
There are many famous people throughout history that have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder a
Describes the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), a revision of the Autism Diagnostic Interview, a semistructured, investigator-based interview for caregivers of children and adults for whom autism or pervasive developmental disorders is a possible diagnosis. The revised interview has been …
About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD is on Rediff pages, Given that each boy or girl that has a PDD has different amounts of capabilities, intelligence, along with behavioral difficulties, there is certainly no single remedy that works well for each person. Instead a method that actually works for the...,Follow About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD to get latest updates from About Pervasive Developmental Disorder And What it Means For Families Of Youngsters With PDD
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep patterns in children with autistic spectrum disorders. T2 - a prospective cohort study. AU - Humphreys, Joanna S. AU - Gringras, Paul. AU - Blair, Peter S. AU - Scott, Nicola. AU - Henderson, John. AU - Fleming, Peter J. AU - Emond, Alan M. PY - 2014/2. Y1 - 2014/2. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal sleep patterns in children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs).STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study using Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, an English cohort born in 1991-1992. Parental reports of sleep duration were collected by questionnaires at 8 time points from 6 months to 11 years. Children with an ASD diagnosis at age 11 years (n=73) were identified from health and education records.RESULTS: From aged 30 months to 11 years old, children with ASD slept for 17-43 min less each day than contemporary controls. No significant difference in total sleep duration was found in infancy, but from 30 months of age children with ASD slept less than ...
Create digital lessons using the best online material for free. Guide quick students through more difficult pathways. Track your students progress using real-time statistics.: What is it like to have Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What are the challenges someone with ASD faces, what positive benefits if any? How can we help someone with ASD? In this series of free learning modules you can engage with what are defined as Special Educational Needs (SEN). A student with SEN has some issues whereby the way they learn and interact with the world is different to most people in a way that makes it harder to learn in a school environment. Several of these differences have been identified in enough people in the same kinds of ways to be labeled as a specific disorder such as Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Dyslexia.
Trinity College Dublin, like other third level institutions has seen a rise in the number of students accessing the university with disabilities. In particular one of the greatest increases in student numbers attending university are those individuals with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Over the past five years the number of students with ASD utilising supports from the Disability Service and Unilink Service in Trinity has increased six-fold, and Trinity now has the highest number of students with ASD studying in Ireland. The Trinity College Disability Service in collaboration with the Unilink Service have developed a model of support for students with ASD which aims to support the students at all stages in their student journey from University entrance to graduation and employment.. This webpage provides information and advice for students with Autistic Spectrum Disorders who are thinking about coming to university and shares the experiences of TCD Students with ASD talking about their ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Distal trisomy 10q syndrome, report of a patient with duplicated q24.31 - qter, autism spectrum disorder and unusual features. AU - Al-Sarraj, Yaser. AU - Al-Khair, Hakam Abu. AU - Taha, Rowaida Ziad. AU - Khattab, Namat. AU - El Sayed, Zakaria H.. AU - Elhusein, Bushra. AU - El-Shanti, Hatem. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. N2 - We report on a patient with distal trisomy 10q syndrome presenting with a few previously undescribed physical features, as well as, autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We recommend that patients with distal trisomy 10q syndrome should have a behavioral evaluation for ASD for the early institution of therapy.. AB - We report on a patient with distal trisomy 10q syndrome presenting with a few previously undescribed physical features, as well as, autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We recommend that patients with distal trisomy 10q syndrome should have a behavioral evaluation for ASD for the early institution of therapy.. KW - Autism spectrum disorder. KW - ...
For the diagnostician specialising in the pervasive developmental disorders, there is a responsibility to fit the diagnosis to the child in question as precisely as possible, mapping the characteristics of the child against criteria in such a way that the diagnosis makes sense to parents in terms of the child they know, and leads them to a better understanding and more appropriate services. Diagnosis within these disorders is potentially especially transparent to parents because it does not depend on technically abstruse tests, but allows parents to follow and contribute to the diagnostic argument as the childs past and present behaviours begin to fall into place as being representative of specific criteria.. However, it is not always possible to give a clear cut diagnosis of the childs exact place within the pervasive developmental disorders; and this puts both parents and child in a difficult position. Nowadays we seldom hear the phrase autistic tendencies, which was disliked for its ...
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Autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy commonly co-occur. In this review, we consider some unresolved questions regarding the temporal relationship, causal mechanisms, and clinical stratification of this comorbidity, highlighting throughout the interplay between autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy, and intellectual disability. We present data on the clinical characterization of children with autism spectrum disorder and epilepsy, discussing distinctive phenotypes in children with this comorbidity. Although some distinctive clinical features emerge, this comorbidity also informs convergent pathways in genetic variants that cause synaptic dysfunction. We then move beyond diagnostic categorization and consider the extent to which electrophysiology as a quantitative biomarker may help guide efforts in clinical stratification and outcome prediction. Epilepsy, and atypical electrophysiological patterns, in autism spectrum disorder may inform the definition of biologically meaningful subgroups within ...
Buy, download and read 101 Interesting Facts on Autistic Spectrum Disorder ebook online in EPUB or PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Kevin Snelgrove. ISBN: 9781909949959. Publisher: Andrews UK. Does a member of your family have Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or is someone close to you showing signs of being affected by it? Do you know what traits to look out for and how to respond to peopl
BACKGROUND: One of the most consistent features of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is the predominance among males, with approximately four males to every female. We sought to examine sex differences among children who met case definition for ASD in a large, population-based cohort with respect to age at first developmental evaluation, age of diagnosis, influence of cognitive impairment on these outcomes, and sex-specific behavioral characteristics.METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected for a population-based study of the prevalence of ASD. The sample comprised 2,568 children born in 1994 who met the case definition of ASD as established by the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network for ASD surveillance. Children who had a history of developmental disability and behavioral features consistent with the DSM-IV-TR criteria for autistic disorder, Aspergers disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified in existing ...
The essential features of autism spectrum disorder are persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction (Criterion A), and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities (Criterion B). These symptoms are present from early childhood and limit or impair everyday functioning (Criteria C and D). The stage at which functional impairment becomes obvious will vary according to characteristics of the individual and his or her environment. Core diagnostic features are evident in the developmental period, but intervention, compensation, and current supports may mask difficulties in at least some contexts. Manifestations of the disorder also vary greatly depending on the severity of the autistic condition, developmental level, and chronological age; hence, the term spectrum. Autism spectrum disorder encompasses disorders previously referred to as early infantile autism, childhood autism, Kanners autism, high-functioning autism, atypical autism, ...
Aim: To investigate whether children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) have bowel symptoms consistent with an underlying enterocolitis.. Methods: Information on childrens stool patterns and gut symptoms collected by questionnaire at 4 weeks and 6, 18, 30 and 42 months of age were available for 12984 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Data on the 78 children identified by local health and/or education systems to have special educational provision for ASD were compared with the 12906 remaining children in the cohort.. Results: Comparison of the ASD and control group during the first 3.5 years of life showed no major differences in stool colour or consistency, or in frequency of diarrhoea, constipation, bloody stools or abdominal pain. The ASD children had similar stool frequency up to 18 months, but there was a trend for ASD children to pass more stools at 30 months (odds ratio [OR] 3.73, 95% CI 1.11, 12.6; P = 0.004) and at 42 months (OR 6.46, 95% CI ...
SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv The National Children Specialized Hospital «OHMATDET», Kyiv, Ukraine Kabuki syndrome is a rare non+progressive genetic disease and characterized by a combination of phenotypic traits. The main symptoms of the pathology are facial features that resemble the make-up of Kabuki actors, mental retardation, delay of speech and movement development, postnatal growth retardation, skeletal abnormalities, dermatoglyphic features, and can also be symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. Patients with this disease can attract attention of pediatricians, as well as others specialists such as neurologists, psychiatrists, orthopedists, endocrinologists. Herein we presented the case that illustrates the diagnostic complexity of autism spectrum disorder in children. Autism spectrum disorder in most cases can occur in the structure of genetic syndromes or other rare diseases. A detailed examination of the child with symptoms of ...
Affiliated faculty Angela Scarpa studies relationship between autism spectrum disorder, anxiety, and ADHD in children.. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience internalizing and externalizing problems at higher rates than typically developing children, which could worsen social impairment, according to researchers with the Virginia Tech Center for Autism Research.. The study, published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, compared social impairment scores in 57 children (3-17 years, 82.5 percent male) with ASD, either with or without heightened levels of internalizing (anxiety) or externalizing (attention deficit hyperactivity or ADHD) symptoms.. Children with heightened anxiety problems showed higher impairment on social cognition, social communication, social motivation, and restricted interests/repetitive behavior. Children with heightened ADHD traits showed higher impairment on social communication and social awareness.. These findings suggest similarities ...
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), which include the prototypic autistic disorder (AD), Aspergers syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), are complex neurodevelopmental conditions of unknown aetiology. The current study investigated the metabolites in the methionine cycle, the transsulphuration pathway, folate, vitamin B12 and the C677T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene in three groups of children diagnosed with AD (n= 15), AS (n= 5) and PDD-NOS (n= 19) and their age- and sex-matched controls (n= 25). No metabolic disturbances were seen in the AS patients, while in the AD and PDD-NOS groups, lower plasma levels of methionine (P= 0.01 and P= 0.03, respectively) and α-aminobutyrate were observed (P= 0.01 and P= 0.001, respectively). Only in the AD group, plasma cysteine (P= 0.02) and total blood glutathione (P= 0.02) were found to be reduced. Although there was a trend towards lower levels of serine, glycine, N, N-dimethylglycine in AD patients, the plasma
Autistic Spectrum Disorder- In January of 2000 a group of parents proposed that Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be the aftermath of exposure to mercury such as ethyl mercury used as a preservative, thimerosal, in pediatric vaccinations.
Introduction. The past decade has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). According to Moore (2008), 1 in 1000 children were reported to be diagnosed with ASD in 1994, while Pottie and Ingram (2008) reported ASD prevalence as high as 6.7 children in every 1000 in the United States of America during 2007. Furthermore, evidence from a number of European countries including Denmark (Lauritsen, Pedersen, & Mortensen, 2004) and England (Baird et al., 2006), as well as from countries across Asia (Sun & Allison, 2010) suggests that the past 10 years have witnessed a noteworthy global increase in the prevalence of ASD diagnoses. It is debatable whether or not the actual incidence of ASD is on the rise. However, what appears obvious is that ASD diagnoses are being made more frequently worldwide. Matson and Kozlowski (2010) noted that while numerous theories have been formulated regarding the increase in ASD diagnoses, the ...
Background. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered safe and are frequently used during pregnancy. However, two case-control studies suggested an association between prenatal SSRI exposure with childhood autism.. Aims. To prospectively determine whether intra-uterine SSSRI exposure is associated with childhood autistic symptoms in a population-based study.. Method. A total of 376 children prenatally exposed to maternal depressive symptoms (no SSRI exposure), 69 children prenatally exposed to SSRIs and 5531 unexposed children were included. Child pervasive developmental and affective problems were assessed by parental report with the Child Behavior Checklist at ages 1.5, 3 and 6. At age 6, we assessed autistic traits using the Social Responsiveness Scale (n = 4264).. Results. Prenatal exposure to maternal depressive symptoms without SSRIs was related to both pervasive developmental (odds ratio (OR) = 1.44, 95% CI 1.07-1.93) and affective problems (OR = 1.44, 95% CI ...
The SRS is a well respected instrument familiar to many autism researchers. It has been validated in published research involving over 10,000 children to date. Ratings of autistic social impairment on the SRS have been shown to be extremely reliable across raters and over time. This makes the SRS a crucial autism research tool.. Because it is so easy to administer, researchers can use the SRS to consider autistic traits and symptoms not just in an affected child, but in their unaffected siblings or other family members. In brief, the SRS will aid researchers in their evaluations of autistic traits, family characteristics, and treatment outcomes.. Note: We regret we cannot provide the complete list of questions within the SRS, as we have for the other IAN questionnaires. The SRS is under copyright to Western Psychological Services of Los Angeles, California.. ...
Article: Athletes with ADHD & Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - # An estimated 8-10% (possibly up to 20%) professional athletes have ADHD (compared to four to eight percent of the general population of adults). # Athletes with ADHD perform better in individualized or fast sports. # Many athletes with Aspergers are undiagnosed and excel at technical positions
The diagnostic category pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), as opposed to specific developmental disorders (SDD), refers to a group of five disorders characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions including socialization and communication. The pervasive developmental...
We aimed to construct and validate a shortened form of the developmental, diagnostic and dimensional interview (3Di), a parent report interview for assessing and diagnosing autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). Data from 879 children and young people were used. In half of the sample (n = 440) reliability analysis was used to identify 3Di items that best measured each dimension of the autism triad. This informed the construction of a shortened (53 item) 3Di, which was then validated on subjects not used in the reliability analysis (n = 439). This involved comparison with scores from the original 3Di algorithm and, in a subsample (n = 29), with the autism diagnostic interview-revised (ADI-R). Agreement of the new shortened 3Di with the 3Dis original algorithm was excellent in both dimensional and categorical terms. Agreement on caseness (27 out of 29) with the ADI-R was also strong. The new 3Di short version is less than half as long as the original version and outputs very similar scores. It will ...
The aim of this programme is to develop the knowledge skills and expertise of teachers, thus enhancing the provision of appropriate education for children and young people on the autism spectrum. Understanding Autism: aims to provide a foundation in the history, concept and diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder, causes and prevalence will also be considered. Students will explore the diversity across the spectrum and reflect in an informed manner on the implications of autism in an educational context.. Assessment, Profiling and Planning: addresses the principles underpinning inclusive assessment and focusses on the development of a holistic profile of the student s strengths, interests and needs, leading to the development of learning programmes and individualised planning.. Planning, Teaching and Learning for All: focuses on the application of skills and knowledge presented across the programme to teaching and learning contexts.. Wellbeing Across the Continuum: Addresses current and evolving ...
Pervasive Development Disorder Questionnaire is an extremely useful measure through which a therapist can analyze the intensity and level of this problem on a
J Med Microbiol. 2005 Oct;54(Pt 10):987-91. Parracho HM1, Bingham MO, Gibson GR, McCartney AL. Author information 1Food Microbial Sciences Unit, School of Food Biosciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 226, Reading RG6 6AP, UK. Abstract Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) tend to suffer
Manager of Additionally Resourced Provision for Students with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - Upper School Inner London Main Pay Scale + TLR 1a - £8,069 Required for September 2020 The success of Preston Manor School is built on an 80-year old reputation which continues to flourish through its committed staff, dedicated Governors and supportive parents. We are an all-through co-operative school with students ranging from 4 - 19 years. Staff are expected to make the most of this all through provision and to liaise with relevant colleagues in all parts of the school. The school is over two sites and there may be times when colleagues are expected to work across both sites with students. We value working in partnership together with our young people to achieve the best outcomes for every student that joins our prestigious school. The school is oversubscribed for places, reflecting the reputation the school has for its academic rigour and excellence in teaching and learning. We are proud of our
The present study examined the prevalence of comorbid anxiety symptoms in 44 children with pervasive developmental disorders. Parents of the children were interviewed using the Anxiety Disorders section of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. Results indicated that severe anxiety symptoms are highly prevalent in children with...
Developmental delays in social and communication functioning have been proposed as a possible risk factor for offending behaviour in both young people and adults. These deficits may be particularly common in young people with both offending behaviours and mental health needs. This article describes how an assessment for pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) may be undertaken in a forensic adolescent mental health setting and integrated into the overall needs and risk assessment. Two case histories are summarised to illustrate the advantages and challenges of using this approach as part of the assessment and management of young people. It is likely that a thorough evaluation of social and communication functioning can contribute to developing effective management strategies for patients with offending behaviours and complex needs. ...
Modus Care Ltd: FAQs on our specialist residential, hospital & tailored care for adults with Autistic Spectrum Disorder & Aspergers Syndrome
Q: What are autism spectrum disorders? A: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex brain development disorders. This umbrella term covers conditions such as autism and Asperger syndrome. These disorders are characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication and a restricted and repetitive repertoire of interests and activities. Q: How common are…
Click here for Pervasive developmental disorder pictures! You can also find pictures of Motor skills disorder, Polio, Polymicrogyria. for someone with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be challenging and you may need to find support to help you cope. Your local carer service will be able to support you and may run groups where you can meet other carers in a similar situation. There may also be other local parent carer groups where you can find support and share experiences.
In The Autistic Spectrum: All That Matters, Lorna Selfe explains that research over recent years has shown that there is not one such thing as autism but in fact a variety of autistic spectrum disorders. The causes of these, or the reasons for their apparently increasing prevalence in the UK and North America while in many other perts of the world they are hardly recognised at all, remain the subject of intensive research and debate. Dr Selfe strips away the many myths around autism, focusing instead on what we really know about its varieties, causes and treatments. As such, it is the ideal introduction to autistic spectrum disorders for psychology students, health practitioners, and the parents, carers and friends of people with autism. This accessible and readable book gives a fascinating introduction to the autistic spectrum - and what matters most about it ...
Children with autistic spectrum disorder and controls performed tasks of coherent motion and form detection, and motor control. Additionally, the ratio of
Stepping Stones Center for Autistic Spectrum Disorder special needs provider reviews & information. Speech and Language Therapy, Therapies specialists in Los Angeles CA
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Brief report: the relationship between visual acuity, the embedded figures test and systemizing in autism spectrum disorders. AU - Brosnan, Mark J. AU - Gwilliam, L R. AU - Walker, Ian. PY - 2012/11/1. Y1 - 2012/11/1. N2 - Enhanced performance upon the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has informed psychological theories of the non-social aspects that characterise ASD. The Extreme Male Brain theory of autism proposes that enhanced visual acuity underpins greater attention to detail (assessed by the EFT) which is a prerequisite for Systemizing. To date, however, no study has empirically examined these relationships. 13 males with ASD and 13 male controls were assessed upon tasks argued to reflect these levels of processing. The ASD group were found to have significantly greater visual acuity, EFT performance and Systemizing ability than the control group. However, regression analysis revealed that the strongest relationship was between ...
The topic of this special issue on secondary versus idiopathic autism allows for discussion of how different groups may come to manifest autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or ASD-like symptoms despite important etiological differences. A related issue is that, because many of the social communication deficits that define ASD represent a failure to acquire developmentally expected skills, these same deficits would be expected to occur to some extent in all individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Thus, regardless of etiology, ASD symptoms may appear across groups of individuals with vastly different profiles of underlying deficits and strengths. In this focused review, we consider the impact of ID on the diagnosis of ASD. We discuss behavioral distinctions between ID and ASD, in light of the diagnostic criterion mandating that ASD should not be diagnosed if symptoms are accounted for by ID or general developmental delay. We review the evolution of the autism diagnosis and ASD diagnostic tools to
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has not been well examined. METHODS: Mood disorders in 44 consecutive outpatients with high-functioning ASD were examined at a university hospital according to DSM-IV. Inclusion criteria were an IQ of 70 or higher on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale and age of 12 years or over. RESULTS: Sixteen patients (36.4%) were diagnosed with mood disorder. Of these 16 patients, four were diagnosed as having major depressive disorder, two patients as bipolar I disorder, six patients as bipolar II disorder, and four patients as bipolar disorder not otherwise specified ...
Patients: 655 615 children with an estimated time of conception over 11 years to December 2006; 2644 children exposed to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and 508 exposed to valproate. Follow up to autism spectrum diagnosis; death; emigration; or until 31 December 2010. Excluded Those with likely errors or missing values for gestational age, adopted children, and death ,1 year old.. Risk factors: Parental age at conception, parental psychiatric history, gestational age, birth weight, sex, congenital malformations and parity.. Outcomes: Absolute risk (cumulative incidence) and the HR of autism spectrum disorder and childhood autism in children after exposure to valproate in pregnancy.. ...
22q13 deletion syndrome, also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome, is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, hypotonia, delayed or absent speech, and autistic features. SHANK3 has been identified as the critical gene in the neurological and behavioral aspects of this syndrome. The phenotype of SHANK3 deficiency has been described primarily from case studies, with limited evaluation of behavioral and cognitive deficits. The present study used a prospective design and inter-disciplinary clinical evaluations to assess patients with SHANK3 deficiency, with the goal of providing a comprehensive picture of the medical and behavioral profile of the syndrome. A serially ascertained sample of patients with SHANK3 deficiency (n = 32) was evaluated by a team of child psychiatrists, neurologists, clinical geneticists, molecular geneticists and psychologists. Patients were evaluated for autism spectrum disorder using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Autism Diagnostic
TY - JOUR. T1 - Psychometric properties of the INICO-FEAPS scale in a Danish sample with autism spectrum disorders. AU - Knüppel, Ane. AU - Jakobsen, Helle. AU - Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet. AU - Telléus, Gry Kjærsdam. N1 - Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/4. Y1 - 2018/4. KW - Adolescent. KW - Autism Spectrum Disorder. KW - Denmark. KW - Factor Analysis, Statistical. KW - Female. KW - Humans. KW - Intellectual Disability. KW - Male. KW - Psychometrics. KW - Quality of Life. KW - Reproducibility of Results. KW - Surveys and Questionnaires. KW - Young Adult. UR - U2 - 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.01.013. DO - 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.01.013. M3 - Journal article. C2 - 29428363. VL - 75. SP - 11. EP - 21. JO - Research in Developmental Disabilities. JF - Research in Developmental Disabilities. SN - 0891-4222. ER - ...
A Key Role for an Impaired Detoxification Mechanism in the Etiology and Severity of Autism Spectrum Disorders Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014, 10:14 doi:10.1186/1744-9081-10-14 Altaf Alabdali ([email protected]) Laila Al-Ayadhi ([email protected]) Afaf El-Ansary ([email protected]) Abstract Background Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is...
3 CE Credits for Massage Therapy, Athletic Training & NJ Chiropractic. Conventional treatment approaches for individuals with autism spectrum disorders includes touch-based treatment and passive movement of the body (joint range of motion, stretching) as well as active movement (motor skill training and exercise.) The techniques used in these types of treatments are distinctly similar to-or the same as-techniques used by massage therapists, personal trainers, and other providers of fitness & wellness services. This workshop will provide an overview of the clinical presentation of autism spectrum disorders and treatment for associated symptoms. Specific examination will include how massage and movement techniques are used in treatment and the evidence-base for effects on associated symptoms. Strategies to include massage and movement modalities as integrative treatments will be explored.. Objectives:. At the end of this workshop, attendees will be able to:. ...
ASD can be detected as early as 18 months or even younger in some cases.[78] A reliable diagnosis can usually be made by the age of two years.[79] The diverse expressions of ASD symptoms pose diagnostic challenges to clinicians. Individuals with an ASD may present at various times of development (e.g., toddler, child, or adolescent), and symptom expression may vary over the course of development.[80] Furthermore, clinicians must differentiate among pervasive developmental disorders, and may also consider similar conditions, including intellectual disability not associated with a pervasive developmental disorder, specific language disorders, ADHD, anxiety, and psychotic disorders.[81] Considering the unique challenges in diagnosing ASD, specific practice parameters for its assessment have been published by the American Academy of Neurology,[82] the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,[80] and a consensus panel with representation from various professional societies.[83] The ...
... is under development for the treatment of agitation and pervasive child development disorders. As of May 2021, it ... "Bipolar disorder: the assessment and management of bipolar disorder in adults, children and young people in primary and ... Aripiprazole was under development for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but development for ... Yang CS, Huang H, Zhang LL, Zhu CR, Guo Q (July 2015). "Aripiprazole for the treatment of tic disorders in children: a ...
Pervasive developmental disorders, Neurological disorders in children, Learning disabilities, Autism spectrum disorders). ... A child affected with childhood disintegrative disorder shows normal development. Up until this point, the child has developed ... Many children are already somewhat delayed when the disorder becomes apparent, but these delays are not always obvious in young ... Many children are already somewhat delayed when the disorder becomes apparent, but these delays are not always obvious in young ...
One way to identify pervasive developmental disorders is if infants fail to meet the development milestones in time or at all. ... Child development stages are the theoretical milestones of child development, some of which are asserted in nativist theories. ... Many children reach some or most of these milestones at different times from the norm. Holistic development sees the child in ... "Child Development Ages & Stages". Child Care Resource Center. Retrieved 5 August 2019. Doherty, J. and Hughes, M. (2009). ...
... into account how the developmental stages of children may affect their symptoms and how trauma can affect a child's development ... particularly the pervasive insecure, or disorganized-type attachment. DSM-IV (1994) dissociative disorders and PTSD do not ... Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD; also known as complex trauma disorder) is a psychological disorder that is ... somatization disorder, dissociative identity disorder, and borderline personality disorder. Its main distinctions are a ...
Some of these effects include delayed mental development, Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), morphological abnormalities ... Prenatal exposure has been linked to impaired fetal growth and development. The effects of OP exposure on infants and children ... "Children's Vaccine Song". Archived from the original on 2017-03-25. Retrieved 2017-03-24. Jaga, K. & Dharmani, C. Ocular ... "Children Are at Greater Risks from Pesticide Exposure". United States Environmental Protection Agency. January 2002. Archived ...
Delayed Development and Resilience". Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 76 (4): 8-30. doi:10.1111/j. ... Some neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism and other pervasive developmental disorders, are considered multifactorial ... and speech sound disorder. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Intellectual disabilities (IDs) or intellectual development disorder ... Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of disorders that affect the development of the nervous system, leading to abnormal ...
Newson first began to look at PDA as a specific syndrome in the 1980s when certain children referred to the Child Development ... a necessary distinction within the pervasive developmental disorders". Archives of Disease in Childhood. Royal College of ... They had often been labelled as 'atypical autism' or Persistent Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Both of ... "Experienced clinicians throughout child psychiatry, child neurology and paediatrics testify to its existence and the very major ...
Pervasive developmental disorders, Special education, Neurological disorders in children, Learning disabilities, Autism ... Information for parents on early childhood development and developmental disabilities NINFS Pervasive Developmental Disorders ... The pervasive developmental disorders include autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise ... The pervasive developmental disorders were: Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), which includes ...
Autism is recognized as one of the five pervasive developmental disorders, distinguished by problems with language, speech, ... and child violence. National Institute of Health Wikimedia Commons has media related to Child development. Child development ... Psychology portal Biology portal Attachment theory Birth order Child development stages Child life specialist Child prodigy ... psychology Pedagogy Play Psychoanalytic infant observation Child development in Africa Child development in India Children, ...
Lifeline serves seriously disturbed children with disabilities including Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Asperger's Syndrome ... The Lifeline Center for Child Development in Queens, NY, is a non-profit State Office of Mental Health (SOMH) licensed ... "Lifeline Center for Child Development". Retrieved 2019-06-23. "Facts". Archived from the original on 2010- ... Oppositional Defiant Disorder and severe Adjustment disorder. Lifeline's campus consists of two buildings and a swimming pool ...
A personality development disorder is an inflexible and pervasive pattern of inner experience and behavior in children and ... Personality development disorder is not recognized as a mental disorder in any of the medical manuals, such as the ICD-10 or ... Personality development disorder is considered to be a childhood risk factor or early stage of a later personality disorder in ... The term personality development disorder is used to emphasize the changes in personality development which might still take ...
Attachment & Human Development Vol 4 No 1 April 2002 107-124. Health Child, Human (1996). "Characteristics of infant child care ... although DIR is primarily directed to treatment of pervasive developmental disorders Some of these approaches, such as that ... Anxiety disorders, Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood, Stress-related disorders, Human development, Adoption, fostering, ... "Attachment Disorders & Reactive Attachment Disorder: Symptoms, Treatment & Hope for Children with Insecure Attachment". ...
HIV/AIDS and maternal and child health; and the development and evaluation of interventions for mental disorders integrated in ... seeking to integrate mental health care with more pervasive forms of health care treatments, such as those involving chronic ... He has recently become increasingly involved in researching mental disorders and developmental disabilities in children, ... an Indian NGO dedicated to research in the areas of child development, adolescent health and mental health. Since 2016 he has ...
Communication disorders, Disorders causing seizures, Learning disabilities, Neurological disorders in children, Pervasive ... Rett syndrome diagnosis involves close observation of the child's growth and development to observe any abnormalities in ... "Is Rett syndrome a subtype of pervasive developmental disorders?" (PDF). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 22 (4 ... Prior to the discovery of a genetic cause, Rett syndrome had been designated as a pervasive developmental disorder by the ...
Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnosis, Development, Neurobiology, and Behavior (volume 1), ISBN ... the Children's Psychiatric Inpatient Service, the Harris-Provence Child Development Unit, and the Nelson and Irving Harris ... Cohen helped found the International Working Group on Children and War, and the Yale-New Haven Child Development Community ... ISBN 0300114664 The Yale Child Study Center Guide to Understanding Your Child: Healthy Development from Birth to Adolescence, ...
He makes the case for the theory that some children develop unevenly (asynchronous development) for a period in childhood due ... frequently misdiagnosed with autism or pervasive developmental disorder. He includes the research of Stephen Camarata and ... Sowell wrote The Einstein Syndrome: Bright Children Who Talk Late, a follow-up to his Late-Talking Children, discussing a ... He has two children. 1982: the Mencken Award for Best Book, from the Free Press Association, for his Ethnic America: A History ...
... and behavioral feedback necessary for sufficient psychological development. Foster also stated the pervasive physical, sexual ... his trials by failing to place sufficient emphasis upon Bonin's bipolar disorder and the sexual abuse he had endured as a child ... "Kid's going to die. Kid's going to - this kid's going to die." Miley replied, stating, "Why don't you just let the kid go?" ... People with sexual sadism disorder, People with antisocial personality disorder, People with bipolar disorder, Prisoners ...
Exposures to some chemicals during pregnancy can lead to the development of cancer later in the life of the child and are ... 2 and 5 year old and pervasive developmental disorder in 2, 3 and 3+1⁄2 year olds. Endocrine disruptors are molecules that ... used in a variety of workplaces that are known to cause developmental disorders. Developmental disorders can include a wide ... Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is a term that constitutes the set of conditions that can occur in a person whose ...
Attachment parenting Borderline personality disorder Child development Emotional dysregulation DSM-IV-TR (2000) American ... RAD can also be confused with neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism, pervasive developmental disorder, childhood ... Several other disorders, such as conduct disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorders, post traumatic stress ... Conduct disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and social phobia share ...
Gabriel- A young boy who has a type of autism, pervasive development disorder. He goes missing one day when he was supposed to ... She is sent to psychiatric care and gets to her child taken away from her. Ben- The father of missing boy Gabriel and married ... When Kate first adopted Gabriel, she was a very caring and loving mother, however, the novelty of having a child wore away and ... Meanwhile, young Ella watches and waits, following a child through its adoption process, then worming her way into the ...
Unlike with other pervasive development disorders, most autistic persons want to be social, but fail to socialize successfully ... An autistic child might be regarded by teachers as a "problem child" or a "poor performer". The child's extremely low tolerance ... Autistic children have also been described as being held hostage to a psychiatric disorder. Boyd Haley, an anti-vaccine ... Autism spectrum disorders; DSM-V; Diagnostic criteria-Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM ...
Children with pervasive developmental disorders may exhibit the following symptoms: Have trouble expressing or understanding ... The child's growth and development may be delayed due to the lack of necessary nutrients. The child will usually weigh much ... These disorders negatively impact the mental and social wellbeing of a child, and children with these disorders require support ... disintegrative disorder 299.80 Asperger Syndrome 299.80 Pervasive developmental disorder NOS Pervasive developmental disorders ...
Marschark, Marc (1997). Psychological Development of Deaf Children. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 84-85. ISBN 978-0-19 ... Volkmar FR, Paul R, Rogers SJ, Pelphrey KA (2014). Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Assessment, ... Children who are deaf have been shown to begin pointing at a similar age to non-deaf children, but this did not confer any ... At two years-of-age, children have been shown to be more likely to point for adults than for children their own age. A meta- ...
In Cohen, D. & Volkmar, F.R. (Eds). Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Second Edition. New York: Wiley ... U.S.A. Schroeder, S.R., LeBlanc, J.M., & Mayo, L. (1996) A life span perspective on the development of individuals with autism ... Reducing aberrant behaviors of retarded and autistic children. Thesis Archives: Library of Congress, U.S.A. Schroeder, S.R., ... degrees in Human Development and Family Life from the University of Kansas. In 2005, Mayo received an Ashoka Fellowship for her ...
Child-parent psychotherapy has been demonstrated to reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in children with ... Developmental disabilities can be initially suspected when a child does not reach expected child development stages. ... Pervasive developmental disorders are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication ... Child-Parent Psychotherapy Child-parent psychotherapy is a relational treatment that focuses on improving child-parent ...
Wicks-Nelson R, Israel AC (2009). "Pervasive developmental disorders and schizophrenia". In Jewell L (ed.). Abnormal child and ... Some of the earliest signs that a young child may develop schizophrenia are lags in language and motor development. Some ... Individuals who experience disorders such as major depressive disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, ... The three most common disorders that are difficult to distinguish are bipolar disorder (BD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ...
Unlike with other pervasive development disorders, most persons with AS want to be social, but fail to socialize successfully, ... A child with AS might be regarded by teachers as a "problem child" or a "poor performer". The child's extremely low tolerance ... such as borderline personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and schizoid personality disorder. Autistic females are ... Madra, Moneek (2020). "Gastrointestinal Issues and Autism Spectrum Disorder". Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North ...
Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnosis, Development, Neurobiology, and Behavior. John Wiley & Sons ... in blind children, children with language impairments, as well as certain developing neurotypical children. Other disorders ... Volkmar, Fred; Paul, Rhea (2005). Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders (Third ed.). John wiley and Sons. pp ... 2011). International Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Springer. p. 237. ISBN 978-1461429135. Sterponi ...
Philadelphia, The Children's Hospital of (2020-05-12). "SYNGAP1-Related Disorders". Retrieved 2021-07-04. von ... Syngap Research Fund Grant #2019.3 - Animal Models & ASO Development SFARI Grant # 731581 - Development of antisense ... Syndrome Global Developmental Delay Infantile Spasms Jeavons Syndrome Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Pervasive Developmental Disorder ... Missense variations, which may result in either a loss or a change-of-function can also result in the disorder. These ...
... two cases of Turner's syndrome and one case of pervasive developmental disorder (an autism spectrum disorder), the FDA banned ... After three children born through the technique were found to have developmental disorders ( ... Prior to the development of MRT, and in places where it is not legal or feasible, the reproductive options for women who are at ... Children whose ages then were 13-18 reported no major problems. In 2009, a team in Japan published studies of mitochondrial ...
The term autism encompasses a wide range of syndromes, such as Rett disorder, pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) and ... Tinius, T. (2004). New Developments in Blood Flow Hemoencephalography. Hawthorne Press. Toomim, H. (2000). A report of ... in school and offering a quick and relatively cheap treatment alternative for school systems and parents of children with ADD/ ... With many symptoms reminiscent of ASD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has also been a focus of HEG research. ...
Digital media and technology afford children the opportunity to engage in various activities that support their development, ... Bradshaw, Samantha; Howard, Philip N. "The Global Disinformation Disorder: 2019 Global Inventory of Organised Social Media ... "a form of systemic and pervasive discriminatory treatment and collective punishment." According to the report, "frequent and ... The ICO's Children Code is also infused with the notion of the best interest of the child that is laid out in the UNCRC. Having ...
This gap shows that children living in poverty or have lower-income are less likely to have the cognitive development and early ... In spite of this data, pervasive attitudes remain that individual behavior, not SES, is responsible for obesity. These ... Human diseases and disorders, Public health, Poverty, Epidemiology, Health economics, Social problems in medicine). ... One in three children are physically active on a daily basis, and children spend seven or more hours a day is spent in front of ...
... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". The Lancet. 351 (9103): 637-641. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)11096-0. PMID ... He joined a controversial American researcher, Jeff Bradstreet, at the International Child Development Resource Center, to ... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". The Lancet. 375 (9713): 445. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60175-4. PMID ... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". The Lancet. 375 (9713): 445. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60175-4. PMID ...
The development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) may have links to early maltreatment and attachment difficulties. The ... This is likely due to the parents of a child with BPD also frequently having personality disorders themselves, which has a ... Betrayal trauma via institutional betrayal can be particularly pervasive in environments that normalize abusive contexts, adopt ... personality disorders, trauma and stress-related disorders, dissociative disorders, schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic ...
... economic development, community psychology ... national psychology ... and child development ... Applied interventions will ... The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) continues to be used as an ... there are specific limitations for indigenous psychologies that arise from the pervasive (nearly universal) acceptance of ... The development of an [indigenous psychology] is valuable in its own right, but they may also collectively serve as building ...
... of the interviewed former Korean comfort women produced biological children and 20% adopted children after World War II. In ... A 2011 clinical study found that comfort women are more prone to showing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), ... Given that prostitution in Japan was pervasive and organized, it was logical to find military prostitution in the Japanese ... South Korean government "spent most of the money on economic development, focusing on infrastructure and the promotion of heavy ...
In children partial loss of vision may also occur. Cranial neuritis is an inflammation of cranial nerves. When due to Lyme it ... If the removed tick is full of blood a single dose of doxycycline may be used to prevent the development of infection but is ... Wenner M (11 June 2021). "Let's Do a Tick Check - These pervasive bloodsuckers can give you more than just Lyme disease. Here's ... Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a chronic skin disorder observed primarily in Europe among the elderly. ACA begins ...
Two characteristics of someone with narcissistic personality disorder are: A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or ... The child cannot experience the pleasure of milk without the psychic re-inscription of the scene in the mind. "The finding of ... They are different from ordinary day-dreams or 'fantasies'." The term "fantasy" became a central issue with the development of ... and how far unconscious fantasy was a genuine development of Freud's ideas, how far it represented the formation of a new ...
... parent-child separation and child detention on the mental health and development of children". BMJ Paediatrics Open. 2 (1): ... many of these children have reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder from traumatic parent separations. A case study ... "pervasive, and illegal, practice of coercing separated mothers and fathers into signing documents they may not have understood ... 2018 study looked at the impact of parent-child separation and child detention on the mental health and development of children ...
With the Hoa's pervasive economic grasp in the palm of their hands in the South, some 117 of the 670 leading Southern ... Their children started to identify more with Chinese culture. This migration occurred in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the ... The World Bank-Development Research Group. WPS 2836. Retrieved 13 December 2012. Brindley, Erica (2015). Ancient China and the ... whose ancestors were also among the Chinese who fled south to escape the disorders of Wang Mang's usurpation, in the fifth ...
451, 455) "Like children, their trees look so naïve, as they cannot harm anyone- But like (their) children, several years later ... The official "Master Plan for the Development of Samaria and Judea to the year 2010" (1983) foresaw the creation of a belt of ... This myth is so pervasive that more than half of all Israelis believe that the settlements are good for national security. The ... ISBN 978-0-226-42995-3. Bisharat, George Emile (2012). Palestinian Lawyers and Israeli Rule: Law and Disorder in the West Bank ...
Many biofeedback systems are used to treat certain disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sleep ... Development of the first working neurochip was claimed by a Caltech team led by Jerome Pine and Michael Maher in 1997. The ... The15th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments: 376-382. doi:10.1145/ ... problems in children, teeth grinding, and chronic pain. EEG biofeedback systems typically monitor four different bands (theta: ...
Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male 99 Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female 97. Higher ... Self-censorship is pervasive." As of 2014, Freedom House rates the kingdom's press and internet "Not Free". Labor unions and ... It is prohibited to commit acts leading to disorder and division, ... BBC article "Saudi Arabia profile". BBC News. August 22, ... development in Saudi Arabia in the 20th century (Ph.D. thesis). School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London). ...
... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". The Lancet. 375 (9713): 445. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60175-4. PMID ... Development of vaccines that can be administered orally or with a jet injector can also avoid triggering the fear of needles. ... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". Lancet. 351 (9103): 637-41. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)11096-0. PMID 9500320 ... Refusal of doctors to treat unvaccinated children may cause harm to both the child and public health, and may be considered ...
Some degree of fear of the dark is natural, especially as a phase of child development. Most observers report that fear of the ... Despite its pervasive nature, there has been a lack of etiological research on the subject. Nyctophobia is generally observed ... consider the fear of the dark to be a manifestation of separation anxiety disorder. An alternate theory was posited in the ... Fear of the dark is a common fear or phobia among children and, to a varying degree, adults. A fear of the dark does not always ...
It was a female child, approximately 9 years old, who had clearly been born with a congenital birth defect. This child had ... Thanks to the development of modern long-distance aircraft, these areas became accessible year-round. The construction of air ... A pervasive European myth about Inuit is that they killed elderly (senicide) and "unproductive people", but this is not ... and degenerative disorders may have contributed to mass deaths among different Inuit tribes. The Inuit believed that the causes ...
... which changed to ABC Kids in 2002. It featured a five-hour line-up of children's shows (mostly cartoons) for children ages 5-12 ... When Demi Lovato (recently treated for bulimia nervosa in 2010) on Twitter objected to the de-emphasis on eating disorders. ... Orenstein also noted the pervasive nature of princess-related merchandise and that every facet of play has its princess ... was the beginning of a series of developments that led to the replacement of company president and CEO Ronald William Miller ( ...
... and pervasive developmental disorder in both the mother and the child. The outline and summary of this study is found below: "" ... Other experts believe that child temperament is a large factor in the development of child psychopathology. High susceptibility ... Child psychopathology can cause separation anxiety from parents, attention deficit disorders in children, sleep disorders in ... Only a small number of these children receive treatment for their disorder. Anxiety and depression disorders in children- ...
... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". The Lancet. 351 (9103): 637-641. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)11096-0. PMID ... asking for responses from parents whose children had experienced "sudden or rapid development of gender dysphoria beginning ... Data was obtained from a survey placed on three websites for concerned parents of children with gender dysphoria, ...
This fluid is also used by street and working children in Delhi. In the UK, marginalized youth use a number of inhalants, such ... "Substance-Related Disorders: Inhalants". Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. John Wiley and Sons ... Nutt, D; King, LA; Saulsbury, W; Blakemore, C (24 March 2007). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of ... "awareness of the threat of nuclear war and a pervasive sense of doom." In a BBC interview with a person who was a punk in the ...
... pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, or autism spectrum disorder. Donepezil is furthermore suggested as a ... Research leading to the development of donepezil began in 1983, at Eisai, and in 1996, Eisai received approval from the United ... Elbe D (2019). Clinical handbook of psychotropic drugs for children and adolescents. Boston, MA: Hogrefe. pp. 366-69. ISBN 978- ... and difficulty in social communication which are typically seen in those with pervasive developmental disorder, ...
This is not a proven disorder, is no longer recognized by the DSM, and, therefore, is not a disorder that is medically ... Notes that "both men and women can experience sexism, but sexism against women is more pervasive." Johnson, Allan G. (2000). " ... Iuculano, Teresa (2014). "Brain Organization Underlying Superior Mathematical Abilities in Children with Autism". Biological ... International Journal of Behavioral Development. 31 (5): 419-422. doi:10.1177/0165025407083670. S2CID 145744721. William James ...
As a child, he grew up in a mine town in Montana. Later, he runs away from home, losing contact with his entire family. After ... Writing development: Before he left for basic training, Mailer was certain that he could write "THE war novel" based on his ... The gravity of Roth's death demonstrates the deep bond of brotherhood, pervasive not only during World War II but more ... here are going to be troubling terrifying glimpses of order in disorder, of a horror which may or may not lurk beneath the ...
He also recognized the importance of play in child development, and disapproved of corporal punishment because it discouraged ... The pervasive exercise of Roman law throughout Western Europe led to its enormous influence on the Western legal tradition, ... Confident that he fixed the disorders that were plaguing Rome, he abdicated along with his co-emperor, and the Tetrarchy soon ... "children born of two Roman citizens"). A Roman woman kept her own family name (nomen) for life. Children most often took the ...
... on her mother's thumb are all topics that could be covered in the child development chapters of a book on Human Development. ... Turpin without any explanation is a treatment for the mentally ill and not a reaction to a crime or civil disorder. This ... that the relationships between black and white people would require pervasive changes in individual relationships: "The South ... There was a woman there who was neglecting her own child but she had been overlooked. The message had been given to Ruby Turpin ...
36 of the children (15%) possessed both a psychiatric syndrome and intellectual disability. Between 12 and 29% of children are ... In some Asian cultures, there is a pervasive belief that supernatural forces are behind mental illness, and as such, religious ... The National Program Management Committee and the Program Development and Management teams were organized in order to oversee ... Brief psychotherapy sessions provided at primary level to patients with common mental disorders can potentially improve ...
... and pervasive developmental disorder in children". Lancet. 375 (9713): 445. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60175-4. PMID 20137807. ... Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for development of in vitro fertilization. In October, 2011[when ... including a new definition for autism spectrum disorder and substance use disorder On May 29, 2013 results of a phase 3 study ... In January, 2012, Schizophrenia was renamed in South Korea from jungshinbunyeolbyung (mind-split disorder), to johyeonbyung ( ...
Convention on the Rights of the Child (ratified June 11, 1991) Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution ... "Constitutional Development". Dominican Republic: A country study (Richard A. Haggerty, ed.). Library of Congress Federal ... citing the pervasive culture of sexual violence and torture in the Dominican police force and the small likelihood of officers ... public disorder or natural disasters. In addition, the document outlines the harsh consequences in the event that a government ...
Browsing by Subject "Child Development Disorders, Pervasive". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. ... Helping people with developmental disorders: meeting report: autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disorders: from ... Meeting report: autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disorders: from raising awareness to building capacity: World ... Comprehensive and coordinated efforts for the management of autism spectrum disorders: Report by the Secretariat  ...
Autistic Disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child Development Disorders, Pervasive. Pathologic Processes. Neurodevelopmental ... Open Label Extension Study of STX209 (Arbaclofen) in Autism Spectrum Disorders. The safety and scientific validity of this ... University of Missouri, Thompson Research Center for Autism & Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Columbia, Missouri, United States, ... Subjects with a history of seizure disorder must be adequately well-controlled, as specified in the study protocol ...
... and other issues related to this developmental disorder. ... Find out about autism spectrum disorder symptoms, causes, ... Child Development Disorders, Pervasive (National Institutes of Health) Journal Articles References and ... At well-child checkups, the health care provider should check your childs development. If there are signs of ASD, your child ... Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in ...
Child Development [‎12]‎. Child Development Disorders, Pervasive [‎13]‎. Child Health Services [‎6]‎. ...
Autistic Disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child Development Disorders, Pervasive. Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Mental ... and self-efficacy in the screening and care of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Each session is referred to as an ... Participants can be included in this outcome measure only if they have children with ASD seen in the 60 days prior to the chart ... Four subsets of charts will be reviewed for appropriate ASD screening occurring during well-child visits. Data will be ...
... autism spectrum disorder includes a number of conditions with different symptoms. Learn about what autism is and how its ... Childhood disintegrative disorder. These children have typical development for at least 2 years and then lose some or most of ... Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD or atypical autism). Your doctor might use this term if your child has some autistic ... National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: "ASD: Nutritional Therapy.". Mayo Clinic: "Autism Spectrum Disorder." ...
Results of this trial do not support the use of citalopram for the treatment of repetitive behavior in children and adolescents ... with autism spectrum disorders. Trial Registration Identifier: NCT00086645. ... Autistic Disorder / drug therapy* * Child * Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / diagnosis * Child Development Disorders, ... Participants had autistic spectrum disorders, Asperger disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified; ...
Categories: Child Development Disorders, Pervasive Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Autistic Disorder (Autism) 01/2015 - 04/2012. 1. Pervasive Child Development Disorders 01/2015. ...
... if scientific results are to inform the design of intervention programs for children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as ... Difficulties in social interaction and general pragmatic difficulties are reported in both ASD and WS, but are more pervasive ... Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of individuals with impairments in aspects of communication and a particular ... Despite the heterogeneity of these two groups, only a few studies with children have paid sufficient attention to participant ...
A look at how sensory processing disorders manifest in children. (Part 1 of 3 articles about sensory sensitivity in Early ... Murray-Slutsky, C. & Paris, B. (2000). Exploring the spectrum of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. San Antonio, TX ... Professional Development Join us in person or online for high-quality professional development events that will support your ... Sensory profiles can distinguish among children with autism, children with ADHD, and children without those diagnoses (Tomchek ...
This report describes use of intervention services among children with developmental delays, disorders, and disabilities. ... This report describes use of intervention services among children with developmental delays, disorders, and disabilities. ... Promoting optimal development: identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders through developmental ... use associated with race or ethnic identification is of concern given the pervasive impact of racism on child development (4,7- ...
... in their children? According to an exploratory study by Erin McCanlies, a research epidemiologist from the National Institute ... Could parental exposure to solvents at work be linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ... Aspergers syndrome and pervasive development disorder. The origins of the disease are still unclear. ASD is characterized, ... Posted in: Child Health News , Medical Science News. Tags: Aspergers Syndrome, Autism, Brain, Chemicals, Children, Genetic, ...
Recently a psychiatrist diagnosed my child with CdLS with Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD). We have seen a neurologist and ... I would like to get an fMRI scan for my child so he could be better diagnosed instead of guessing and putting a child on ... so at this point in time there is no routine use for fMRI in the diagnostic evaluation of ADHD children and their optimal ... since he would have an underlying disorder of which hyperactivity is a very common part - so the fMRI study results would not ...
... diagnoses made at a very early age in children identified through a ... To examine the inter-rater reliability and stability of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ... and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), are characterised by deviant and delayed development ... Rogers SJ, DiLalla DL (1990) Age of symptom onset in young children with pervasive developmental disorders. J Am Acad Child ...
Medication and Parent Training For Children With Pervasive Development Disorder In this video blog, Dr. Findling discusses the ... Child Psychiatry: New Approaches to Drug Development Dr. Robert Findling discusses a new generation of treatment studies that ... Robert Findling discusses 2 new articles examining how a childs birthday and age relate to the development of ADHD. Medscape ... APA 2011: Child Psychiatry Highlights Dr. Robert Findling highlights not-to-miss presentations in child and adolescent ...
Children and adolescents are prone to the development of PTSD after exposure to a traumatic event. Children are variably ... Children and adolescents with PTSD lose valuable friendships; they are irritable and may exhibit pervasive personality changes ... Posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: A review and analysis. Clin Child Family Psychol Rev 2000;3:135-154 ... and emotional development of children and adolescents. Methods: The clinical records of 1 229 children (age 2 - 11 years) and ...
serious cases of attention deficit disorders in children. ■ disruptive disorders. ■ pervasive development disorders ... Sin Tax for Kids Raising Oregons cigarette tax to $2.02 per pack would cause smokers to buy 28 million fewer packs of ... Iowas Hawk-I plan, which insures more than 30,000 children, expects to exhaust its budget by the end of June.. 14 states in ... What is Washington doing with our (taxpayers) money? Arent children a KEY target?. Georgia is one of at least 14 states facing ...
Pervasive Developmental Disorder Neuroscience 40% * Young Earth and Planetary Sciences 30% * Genetics Earth and Planetary ... Paternal age alters social development in offspring. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. ... Paternal age alters social development in offspring. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2017 ... JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and ...
Within the life-altering category of pervasive developmental disorders is autism -a continuum of problems that is now ... Attention deficit disorder is more prevalent among poor children, as are learning disabilities. Children living within ... If accurate, this figure means that the number of children with neurodevelopmental disorders now exceeds the number of children ... How Toxic Chemicals Threaten Youth Development. When my husband and I set out to find a nursery school for our daughter, Faith ...
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive 1 0 Delayed Graft Function 1 0 Disease Susceptibility 1 0 ... in Genopedia reflects only the indexed disease term without children terms, but the number in the HuGE Literature Finder ... reflects all text searches of the disease term including the indexed term and corresponding children terms. ...
The contribution of motor skill difficulties to poorer EF in children with ASD has not been systematically studied. We ... Findings suggest that HR siblings demonstrate altered EF development and that motor skills may play an important role in this ... The contribution of motor skill difficulties to poorer EF in children with ASD has not been systematically studied. We ... deficits may be present in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by 3 years of age. It is less clear when, prior to 3 ...
Memory Disorders 2 0 Tobacco Use Disorder 2 0 Child Development Disorders, Pervasive 2 0 ... in Genopedia reflects only the indexed disease term without children terms, but the number in the HuGE Literature Finder ... reflects all text searches of the disease term including the indexed term and corresponding children terms. ...
Child Care I1.880.787.293.360 Child Day Care Centers I1.880.787.293.392 N2.421.143.98 Child Development Disorders, Pervasive ... XX Disorders of Sex Development F3.800.399.500 46, XY Disorders of Sex Development F3.800.399.750 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha ... Consciousness Disorders F3.87.300 F3.615.300 Consensus Development Conference V2.600.500.500 Consensus Development Conference, ... Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic F3.80.931.500 F3.950.750.500 Stress Disorders, Traumatic F3.80.931 F3.950.750 Stress Disorders ...
Directory of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders Services, Help and Support for Canada ... In some children the disorder may also affect the development of fine and gross motor ability. It may range from being severe ... Many terms - including autism spectrum and pervasive developmental disorders - are used to describe a group of disorders that ... Kids Help Phone Kids Help Phone is Canadas only bilingual phone and on-line counselling service for youth. Its free, ...
... as the diagnostic process for pervasive developmental disorders (PDS) varies from clinic to clinic. ... How do doctors diagnose Pervasive Development Disorders? There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, ... Diagnose Pervasive Development Disorders. by SpiritualLife , Jun 24, 2022 , children diseases , 0 comments ... How do doctors diagnose Pervasive Development Disorders?. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the ...
When a child has autism, or another neurodevelopmental disorder, there are many areas of need to consider. The pervasive nature ... taking a bottom-up approach we address areas of development that snowball and create change across the board in the way a child ... The pervasive nature of these disorders is the equivalent of a house that burning from a fire that started in the foundation. ... Then, for many kids on the spectrum, there are the co-occurring problems to address such as gut issues, physical pain, ...
Diagnosis of pervasive development disorders. Em: B. Lahey & A. Kazdin (Orgs.). Advances in clinical child psychology (pp. 249- ...
Autism - or the autistic spectrum, which might include pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or Aspergers syndrome - is ... is because full-blown Fragile X syndrome can lead a child to have challenges in their cognitive behavioral development. ... children whose parents are not carriers can still be affected by the disorder. In fact, according to the NLM, Fragile X, ... And, early intervention in these children can be key.. Of course, there is active research in utilization of certain medicines ...
  • Pediatric Mental Health Hospitalizations Primary mental health disorders are surprisingly common and costly diagnoses among children and adolescents admitted to general hospitals. (
  • Autism spectrum disorder is a group of developmental conditions including full syndrome autism, Asperger's syndrome and pervasive development disorder. (
  • Autism - or the autistic spectrum, which might include pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or Asperger's syndrome - is different from Fragile X syndrome. (
  • Others include Asperger's syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder. (
  • The five disorders under PDD are autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Rett's disorder and PDD-not otherwise specified. (
  • It includes what used to be known as Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorders. (
  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which include autistic disorder or autism, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), are characterised by deviant and delayed development of reciprocal social interaction, and of verbal and non-verbal communication, in combination with stereotyped and restricted behaviours, interests and activities, that lead to lifelong impairments. (
  • It may range from being severe on one end, with the severely autistic child who is developmentally delayed and who is unable to function independently, to an individual with Asperger Syndrome who has difficulties with social function but who otherwise functions well intellectually and at work. (
  • During her fellowship years, she directed the Early Childhood Clinic and evaluated children with Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, expressive and receptive language delays, and Attention Deficit Disorder. (
  • asperger syndrome is a milder version of the disorder.the cause of autism is not known. (
  • In the anterior cingulate cortext of children with Asperger syndrome, reductions of N -acetylaspartate (NAA), total creatine (tCr), total choline-containing compounds (tCho), and myoinositol (ml) were observed in contrast to typically developing children. (
  • An Effective Augmentation Therapy in Pediatric OCD Dr. Robert Findling discusses a recent paper published in JAMA reporting on the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy augmentation in young patients with obsessive compulsive disorder. (
  • Some autistics also have comorbid conditions such as OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). (
  • This post aims to identify how anxiety and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) present in students, explain the highly effective evidence-based treatment for anxiety, and emphasize the importance of a strong support system in maintaining positive treatment outcomes. (
  • A Growing Concern in US Children Dr. Robert Findling discusses the alarming rise in the prevalence of developmental disabilities in US children and the resulting strain on health and education resources. (
  • Serving children with special needs including autism spectrum disorders, behavioral conditions, cerebral palsy and developmental disabilities. (
  • Any resident (child or adult) of Bexar County, who is believed to have one or more of the following disabilities, may be eligible for services through the IDD: Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities Pervasive Developmental Disorder (i.e. (
  • ECHO Autism was intended to assess rigorously the impact of a 12-session telemedicine training program on participating Primary Care Providers (PCP) knowledge, clinical behavior, and self-efficacy in the screening and care of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). (
  • Autism , also called autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a complicated condition that includes problems with communication and behavior. (
  • Your doctor might use this term if your child has some autistic behavior, like delays in social and communications skills, but doesn't fit into another category. (
  • Your doctor will focus on behavior and development. (
  • To determine the efficacy and safety of citalopram hydrobromide therapy for repetitive behavior in children with autism spectrum disorders. (
  • Results of this trial do not support the use of citalopram for the treatment of repetitive behavior in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. (
  • The Impact of Maternal Depression on Childhood Development Dr. Robert Findling discusses a new paper in Pediatrics exploring how maternal depression affects a child's behavior later in life. (
  • 1. Observing a child's behavior and development in everyday situations. (
  • Of course, there is active research in utilization of certain medicines to modify behavior with children Fragile X. (
  • I would love to tell you more about applied behavior analysis - ABA autism therapy, currently the most effective treatment for autistic disorder. (
  • Mostly because I'm a Board Certified Behavior Analyst, but also because I find it inspiring to know how effective this can be for families to see their children achieve such great outcomes. (
  • Teaching autistic children, through the use of ABA training, helps to establish verbal behavior, imitation, and eliminate stereotypical behavior. (
  • Applied behavior analysis is also used to improve communication and appropriate play for the child's level of development. (
  • In 1987, Dr. Ivar Lovaas conducted a study using applied behavior analysis for 60 children with autism in an intensive 40 hour per week curriculum (3). (
  • We examined their association with children's performance at 6 (n = 396), 12 (n = 395), and 24 (n = 372) months of age on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development [Mental Development (MDI) and Psychomotor Development (PDI) Indices] and mother's report on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (n = 356). (
  • She had extensive rotations managing children in Behavior clinic, School-age clinic and identifying children with various learning challenges during their week long Comprehensive Learning Evaluations. (
  • Spectrum Awakening is an all-natural supplement company that designs specialty formulas to help children by supporting healthy and normal development, behavior, language, and sleep. (
  • Surviving in the mainstream: Capacity of children with autism spectrum disorders to perform academically and regulate their emotions and behavior at school. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently released results of the most recent Youth Risk Behavior Survey, their once-a-decade survey of youth mental health and risk-taking behaviors. (
  • Bipolar disorder is a situation where the moods, energy and behavior of a person change remarkably, and the condition may last for a long time. (
  • First we must become aware of our most troubled children and begin to recognize that their behavior is being driven by pain! (
  • Behavior disorders, also known as disruptive behavioral disorders, are the most common reasons that parents are told to take their children for mental health assessments. (
  • Behavior disorders can be broken down into a couple of different subcategories. (
  • At well-child checkups, the health care provider should check your child's development. (
  • Parents of children aged ≥3 years were asked about their child's functional abilities, health needs, and use of services (Supplementary Box 1, ) ( 2 - 5 ), as well as whether their child had any of 10 specific types of DDs (Supplementary Box 2, ). (
  • Therefore, if you want to see your child healed, then parents should keep the Divine Amulet with them and also put it on the child's neck. (
  • I'm doing this for all the families out there who don't have a child with autism, who have to deal with the issue of 'Do I get a vaccination or do I risk my child's life' because they don't understand what the science is saying. (
  • Parents of children with this challenge often ask, "How do we know if your camp is a good fit for my child's needs? (
  • In early child development, the first 3 years are critical as the child's brain develops rapidly during this phase. (
  • After which, they create a program of activities for the child made to achieve set goals directed toward the child's independence. (
  • Personality disorders are classified as common axis 2 disorders while anxiety disorders, mood, and schizophrenia are categorized under common axis 1 disorder in the DSM. (
  • In 21st-century America, every public school system has the ability to identify, assess, and diagnose special needs in young children, as well as provide early intervention programs to support those needs. (
  • Compared with children and adolescents without DDs, those with DDs were two to seven times as likely to take prescription medication and receive mental health or specialized health care provider services and 18 times as likely to receive special education or early intervention services. (
  • Dr Robert Findling discusses a recent study looking at whether early intervention improves psychopathologic outcomes in children with conduct problems. (
  • First, it facilitates starting early intervention, educational planning and development of a professional support system. (
  • And, early intervention in these children can be key. (
  • Space Coast Early Intervention Center (SCEIC) is Brevard's premiere preschool for children with and with out special needs located in Melbourne, Florida. (
  • It is of great interest to understand the strength and nature of this correlation to reveal how these two concepts are connected, in order to develop effective early intervention programs for children with behavioral problems and accompanying impairment in social functioning. (
  • First, a team of psychiatrists with extensive experience in early intervention in psychosis and child and adolescent psychiatry in the UK and Pakistan will train local psychiatrists in the early detection and treatment of FEP. (
  • Their successful development and acquisition allow individuals to adopt appropriate behaviors in the society, and are intertwined with the emergence of certain cognitive abilities. (
  • Children who moved outside the ASD category at 42 months made significantly larger gains in cognitive and language skills than children with a stable ASD diagnosis. (
  • This is particularly critical given the substantial challenge that PTSD poses to the healthy physical, cognitive and emotional development of children and adolescents. (
  • The reason it's important to know if the child might be afflicted with Fragile X, is because full-blown Fragile X syndrome can lead a child to have challenges in their cognitive behavioral development. (
  • The data showing weak activity in frontal areas related to reasoning and planning "fit beautifully" with that theory, says Frith, professor of cognitive development at University College London. (
  • 2740 words - 11 pages Cognitive development is an intellectual growth from infancy to adulthood. (
  • They include the theory of cognitive development, psychosexual development, and psychosocial stages of development. (
  • Paige Adams Cognitive approach Behaviourist approach Social learning theory Views on development Stage theories within the cognitive approach have contributed to our understanding of child development, for example, as part of their development children form increasingly complex concepts (schema) as they get older. (
  • 964 words - 4 pages Psych 201: Chapter 2 Notes: Cognitive and Language Development Development: the pattern of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional changes that continue through the lifespan. (
  • OT helps children enhance the skills required for physical, cognitive, and social development. (
  • Children with learning disabilities struggle in their cognitive processes because their brains are wired differently. (
  • Cognitive deficits in children range from profound intellectual impairments with minimal functioning to mild impairment in specific operations. (
  • however, concurrence with specific genetic disorders may manifest with periods of cognitive deterioration. (
  • Complex (chronic) trauma interferes with neurobiological development and the capacity to integrate sensory, emotional and cognitive information into a cohesive whole. (
  • A number of aspects need to be taken into account (eg, small age range, homogeneity of the subgroups, matching with typically developing children) if scientific results are to inform the design of intervention programs for children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as ASD and WS. (
  • Policies and programs that promote early identification of children and adolescents with DDs and increase access to intervention services could improve health and reduce the need for services later in life. (
  • The results indicate that intervention programs targeting problem behaviors in children would benefit from reducing behavioral problems and in concert, increase social competence to help children with emerging or present problem behaviors. (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout a person's life. (
  • Another two hundred chemicals are known to act as neurological poisons in human adults and are likely toxic to the developing brains of infants and children as well - animal studies strongly suggest that any neurotoxic chemical is likely also a neurodevelopmental toxicant -but scientific confirmation awaits. (
  • Other neurological and genetic disorders. (
  • As a major national and international referral center, we provide individualized care based on the most advanced knowledge of childhood neurological disorders in the world. (
  • While some of our patients have mild neurological disorders (but otherwise normal development), many have more pervasive disabilities, including autism, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disability. (
  • We conduct innovative laboratory and clinical research in neurological and neurogenetic disorders, such as peroxisomal disorders, mitochondrial disorders, genetic epilepsies, Sturge-Weber syndrome, sleep disorders, and muscle disorders, as well as neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (
  • Our scientists are committed to conducting research that will lead to improved treatments for patients with neurological disorders. (
  • 10 Things Parents Can Do with their Children's Learning Disabilities Learning disability is a genetic or neurological disorder. (
  • Learning disabilities are genetic or neurological disorders. (
  • Autism is one of the five disorders that falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by "severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development. (
  • We have seen a neurologist and after his tests he just said that he could have a form of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD. (
  • This was very preliminary and also not terribly striking - so at this point in time there is no routine use for fMRI in the diagnostic evaluation of ADHD children and their optimal medication need. (
  • And if your son has a really mild form of CdLS he would certainly not have "classic" ADHD anyways, since he would have an underlying disorder of which hyperactivity is a very common part - so the fMRI study results would not be easily understandable. (
  • 2432 words - 10 pages ) studied age and IQ matched individuals with ASD, ADHD and typical development, finding distinct executive function profiles for ADHD and ASD. (
  • Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children. (
  • Children with poor impulse control (including those with ADHD) are going to have greater difficulty turning away from highly addictive activities on their devices. (
  • He was diagnosed with Early Onset Bipolar Disorder and ADHD. (
  • Turns out, I do, though it does make me wonder if I was misdiagnosed with ADHD as a kid or if I really have that as well. (
  • Rates of diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are skyrocketing, throughout America and the rest of the world. (
  • however, children with co-occurring learning disabilities and intellectual disabilities were excluded from the learning disability category. (
  • Children with learning disabilities struggle in one or more specific skills like reading or writing but their disabilities do not affect their overall intelligence. (
  • What can parents do to help their children with learning disabilities? (
  • Protocol 209AS208, 'A Randomized,Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Study of the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of STX209 (Arbaclofen) Administered for the Treatment of Social Withdrawal in Subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorders. (
  • Protocol 22007, 'An Open Label Extension Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of STX209 in Subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorder. (
  • What Are the Types of Autism Spectrum Disorders? (
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are widely prescribed for children with autism spectrum disorders. (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of individuals with impairments in aspects of communication and a particular pattern of language acquisition. (
  • The comparison between Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding emotions is heuristic, in the sense that these two neurodevelopmental disorders can be viewed as polar opposites in terms of sociability. (
  • Could parental exposure to solvents at work be linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their children? (
  • This dataset comprise behavioural data recorded from 61 children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). (
  • To examine the inter-rater reliability and stability of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses made at a very early age in children identified through a screening procedure around 14 months of age. (
  • The stability of the different diagnoses in the autism spectrum was 63% for autistic disorder, 54% for pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and 91% for the whole category of ASD. (
  • Most diagnostic changes at 42 months were within the autism spectrum from autistic disorder to PDD-NOS and were mainly due to diminished symptom severity. (
  • Existing evidence suggests executive functioning (EF) deficits may be present in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by 3 years of age. (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social communication and repetitive behaviors (DSM-5, American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). (
  • Many terms - including autism spectrum and pervasive developmental disorders - are used to describe a group of disorders that inhibit the development of communication and socialization skills. (
  • It is now considered simply an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) following a change to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 2013 (Kite, Gullifer, & Tyson, 2013). (
  • In Room by Emma Donoghue, the main character, a five-year-old boy named Jack, emulates many behaviors that may be explained by an Autism Spectrum Disorder, but with equal validity could be the due to the of absence of the social construction we know as Theory of Mind. (
  • This article discusses that process, specifically assessing the "fit" between a given camp and children with autism spectrum disorders. (
  • What Is an Autism Spectrum Disorder? (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a broad term used to describe a pervasive developmental challenge that causes problems with social interaction and communication. (
  • Autism interventions delivered at an early age for Autism Spectrum Disorders can lead to dramatic progress. (
  • It is part of a larger group of disorders, often called autism spectrum disorders. (
  • Researchers will do a controlled study to test the effectiveness and safety of chelation for children with autism spectrum disorders. (
  • Whole-genome sequencing of quartet families with autism spectrum disorder. (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is genetically heterogeneous, with evidence for hundreds of susceptibility loci. (
  • this set of diagnoses, collectively, is referred to here as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). (
  • Psychotropic medications in children with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review and synthesis for evidence-based practice. (
  • This paper presents a systematic review, rating and synthesis of the empirical evidence for the use of psychotropic medications in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). (
  • The developmental, dimensional and diagnostic interview (3di): a novel computerized assessment for autism spectrum disorders. (
  • More than 40 years after the official recognition of infantile autism in DSM-III, numerous questions remain about autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-its possible causes, assessment, and most effective treatments. (
  • This second edition of the Textbook of Autism Spectrum Disorders features contributions from dozens of experts as it reviews the latest research on these topics and more. (
  • Intellectual disability is categorized as a neurodevelopmental disorder in the DSM-5 and is distinguished from the neurocognitive disorders, communication disorders, specific learning disorders, autism spectrum disorders, or global developmental delay. (
  • Academic attainment in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is under-studied, with associated factors largely undetermined. (
  • Reading comprehension, word decoding and spelling in girls with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD): Performance and predictors. (
  • Sensory processing and classroom emotional, behavioral, and educational outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder. (
  • Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4(1), 18-27. (
  • See PET Scanning in Autism Spectrum Disorders . (
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges. (
  • The Autism Spectrum Disorder, which is very common in the mental health community, has now been expanded to encompass Autistic Disorders, Aspergers Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder which were previously separate. (
  • Her perspective is that if I was in school today, I would be tested for autism spectrum disorder. (
  • For any parent of a child on the autism spectrum, obtaining educational and other services for their child is an ongoing and often intractable problem. (
  • The book provides honest, open, and practical advice, which will be invaluable to anyone whose child is diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition, and to all those professionals who work with them. (
  • ABSTRACT This review describes systems-level innovations that may enhance accessibility, economy and integration of treatment services for substance-related disorders. (
  • The Neurology and Neurogenetics Clinic at Kennedy Krieger Institute provides diagnostic services, therapeutic interventions, and genetic counseling for a broad spectrum of disorders affecting the brain and central nervous system. (
  • Although many of the disorders we manage cannot yet be cured, certain interventions can improve the lives of our patients and their families. (
  • It is possible that further scientific data and development of infrastructure and technology will result in a lowering of the blood lead level at which interventions are recommended at a future time. (
  • It is important to include proper family and school interventions when treating children with anxiety, which will improve the likelihood of a positive outcome. (
  • Their pilot study is published online in Springer's Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders . (
  • in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 38:1311-1319, 2008). (
  • And children with eating disorders are especially vulnerable to the superficial social comparisons and "likes" that Instagram offers. (
  • The Sea Is A Good Place To Think Of The Future journeys through eating disorders, escapist fantasy versus grim reality and the female subject's thoughts of ultimate morbidity to the accompaniment of a slow burning churn, the kind of skyscraping storyboarding and high achievement that would make other bands' careers. (
  • Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. (
  • Provide s educational program s for children in the age range 3-12 with intellectual impairments in the moderate to severe range or have multiple disabilities. (
  • Broad term for disorders, usually first diagnosed in children prior to age 4, characterized by severe and profound impairment in social interaction, communication, and the presence of stereotyped behaviors, interests, and activities. (
  • Like all programs at Kennedy Krieger, the faculty and staff of the Neurology and Neurogenetics Clinic are particularly experienced at managing chronic and severe disabilities in children. (
  • Prolonged exposure to repetitive or severe events such as child abuse, is likely to cause the most severe and lasting effects. (
  • PDF] The Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders: background, inter-rater reliability and clinical use. (
  • BACKGROUND The Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO) is a schedule for the diagnosis of autistic spectrum and related disorders and assessment of individual needs. (
  • The Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders: algorithms for ICD-10 childhood autism and Wing and Gould autistic spectrum disorder. (
  • The Swedish Version of the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-10). (
  • International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 45(1), 61-71. (
  • After giving a general description of emotional abilities and language in these two disorders, we focus on the studies that have compared WS and ASD. (
  • It affects children in an unimaginable way that somehow scars not just their physical state but also their emotional and psychological well-being. (
  • Traumatization can also occur from neglect, which is the absence of essential physical or emotional care, soothing and restorative experiences from significant others,particularly in children. (
  • Approximately 22% of the participants had comorbid major depressive disorder. (
  • Under bipolar disorders in the depressive disorder category, there was an addition of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation and can now be diagnosed in children up to the age of 18 in an attempt to remedy concerns of the American psychiatric association 2013 that there were overdiagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder in children (Spitzer, 2002). (
  • The Bereavement Exclusion in DSM-IV has been deleted in DSM-V under the category of depression and for that reason, DSM-V does not differentiate between loss of a loved one and other stressors that cause the Major Depressive Disorder. (
  • Childhood disintegrative disorder. (
  • and scored at least moderate on compulsive behaviors measured with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scales modified for pervasive developmental disorders. (
  • When used in autism treatments or with other pervasive developmental disorders, it typically attempts to increase socially significant behaviors and decrease socially undesirable behaviors. (
  • As children grow (develop) and have their own life experiences, they typically learn about the range of behaviors that people accept. (
  • In addition, the child may be limited in their own behaviors, choosing to repetitively respond the same way time after time. (
  • A disorder characterized by marked impairments in social interaction and communication accompanied by a pattern of repetitive, stereotyped behaviors and activities. (
  • Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by primary impairments in social interactions, communication, and repetitive and stereotyped behaviors (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). (
  • In conclusion, the inter-rater reliability and stability of the diagnoses of ASD established at 23 months in this population-based sample of very young children are good. (
  • PDD-NOS (Pervasive Development Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified) Case Study of a Child with PDD-NOS Consuelo (Connie) Natal Concordia College PDD-NOS stands for Pervasive Developmental Disorder- Not Otherwise specified. (
  • This book tells the story of two parents of a child first diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), whose initial experiences with the education system were not unlike those of most parents of a child with a disability. (
  • Objective: Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been linked with autism and schizophrenia in offspring, neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social functioning. (
  • As part of our comprehensive model, our team collaborates closely with other specialists in endocrinology, feeding disorders, speech pathology, psychiatry and psychology, pain management, physical and occupational therapy, and physical and rehabilitation medicine. (
  • Advances in clinical child psychology (pp. 249-284). (
  • Among families with children, a child questionnaire was administered to a knowledgeable adult (usually, and hereafter parent) about a randomly selected child (aged 0-17 years). (
  • A relative strength in non-verbal communication highlighted a potential barrier to diagnosis according to DSM-5 criteria for the adult sample, which may also have prevented them from being diagnosed as children. (
  • Children who experience child abuse and neglect are 59% more likely to be arrested as a juvenile, 28% more likely to be arrested as an adult, and 30% more likely to commit violent crime. (
  • Yes, the IDD works with Child Protective Services, Adult Protective Services, hospital establishments, the general public, etc that have cases that meet the safety net requirements for emergency services for placement or respite. (
  • Chacku's personal experiences with racism, xenophobia, racialized trauma, suicide attempts, and disabling mental health and substance use conditions, including psychosis as a youth and young adult, launched Chacku and his family towards a number of efforts to advocate for improved services, social conditions, and alternative supports in the community. (
  • In every adult lurks a child, an eternal child, something that is becoming, is never completed, and calls for unceasing care, attention and education. (
  • In the first example, the child that never has it's needs denied may find it harder in adult life to deal with reality, always unconsciously believing the world owes him something, always feeling hard done by rather than being able to self soothe and take the knocks of life and move on. (
  • The child becomes an adult, but the child inside is still expecting to be treated like royalty. (
  • We also investigated genetic and environmental underpinnings of the paternal age effects on development, using ACE (Additive genetics, Common environment, unique Environment) and gene-environment (GxE) models. (
  • Increased importance of genetic factors in social development was recorded in the offspring of older but not very young fathers, suggesting distinct underpinnings of the paternal age effects at these two extremes. (
  • Biological processes and genetic inheritance: Development of the brain, gains in height and weight, changes in motor skills, and puberty's own hormonal changes. (
  • These disorders can be associated with general medical or genetic conditions. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Genetic studies in children with intellectual disability and autistic spectrum of disorders. (
  • Balasubramanian Bhanumathi, Bhatt Chetna V, Goyel Neelam A. Genetic studies in children with intellectual disability and autistic spectrum of disorders. (
  • These induced pluripotent stem cells (referred to as IPSCs) retain the genetic identity of the person from which they came, and the cells restart their development as it would have happened in the womb. (
  • The DISCO-11 differentiates accurately between autistic disorder and non-ASD in young children with an average intelligence or mild intellectual disability, but is over inclusive in the lower levels of intellectual disability. (
  • Psychopathology in children and adolescents with autism compared to young people with intellectual disability. (
  • To find out more, call the Intellectual and Development Disabilities Services at (210) 832-5020. (
  • APA 2012 Highlights Not to Miss Dr. Robert Findling reviews child and adolescent psychiatry highlights of this year's American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting. (
  • In Cape Town, a retrospective chart review found PTSD to be one of the most common disorders at the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit at Tygerberg Hospital. (
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 56 (5), 383-390. (
  • How Effective Are PCPs in Youth Depression Care? (
  • Children with a history of depression may be vulnerable to relapse if their sleep and exercise routines are disrupted by excessive use. (
  • Mood disorder is a condition that involves changes in moods, depression or bipolar disorder (Ashley, 2014). (
  • It is called a "spectrum" disorder because people with ASD can have a range of symptoms. (
  • The extent to which each area of functioning is impacted varies, but it's safe to say that all children on the spectrum are affected by their autism in numerous areas. (
  • because people with autism can have very different features or symptoms, health care providers think of autism as a "spectrum" disorder. (
  • The results indicate that the DISCO is a reliable instrument for diagnosis when sources of information are used from the whole interview, particularly effective for diagnosing disorders of the broader autistic spectrum. (
  • My mom, a child psychologist, knew that I was on the spectrum from the time I was about two years old, but every time she took me in to get evaluated, the doctors all decided I wasn't autistic because I was too high-functioning to fit into the definition of classic autism. (
  • Nowadays, my sister, a teacher, will often ask me questions she uses to test her understanding of spectrum children. (
  • Dr. Robert Findling discusses a recent study assessing the soundness of the new DSM-5 diagnosis, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. (
  • Trauma histories are pervasive among youth in America (especially youth from diverse cultural backgrounds). (
  • P regnant women who are exposed to certain drugs or chemicals, like alcohol or anti- seizure medications, are more likely to have autistic children. (
  • Autistic children experience delays in the development of social and communication skills. (
  • One of the three new studies will define differences in autistic children with different developmental histories. (
  • But many parents seek this treatment for autistic children. (
  • The study found that men age forty and older had autistic children almost six times as often as fathers under the age of thirty. (
  • It refers to problems with social interactions, communication, and play in children younger than 3 years. (
  • These children have typical development for at least 2 years and then lose some or most of their communication and social skills. (
  • Difficulties in social interaction and general pragmatic difficulties are reported in both ASD and WS, but are more pervasive in ASD. (
  • Half of the children interacted with the social robot NAO supervised by a therapist. (
  • The current study explored the effects of paternal age on social development in the general population. (
  • Autism is often defined as a social disorder. (
  • The repertoire of social skills people expect from a two-year-old are different from those used by a seven-year-old, and are even more refined once that child reaches the teen years. (
  • It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. (
  • Social policy issues, including the role of patient advocacy groups in treatment development and an examination of autism strengths and the growing emphasis on recognizing neurodiversity. (
  • Immature social development and social judgment is demonstrated in addition to difficulties in learning academic skills with support needed in order to meet age-related expectations. (
  • Previous studies have shown that children who display behavioral problems also tend to display low social competence. (
  • The present meta-analysis examined the correlation between different types of behavioral problems and social competence among children aged 3-13, and investigated possible moderators in this relation. (
  • Especially, the relation between social competence and behavioral problems has attracted attention as it has turned out that the promotion of social competence in children and youth may actually be a viable alternative or supplement to efforts at reducing these problems. (
  • Apparently, not all children who show poor social competence exhibit behavioral problems, and not all children who display these problems are socially inept. (
  • But certain children, as was true before social media, seem vulnerable to the bullying, loneliness, isolation, and disengagement that social media may exacerbate. (
  • This is nuanced and interesting progress, but you don't have to wait another decade to offer the families in your practice some common sense guidance when they are asking how to balance their children's needs to be independent and socially connected (and the fact that smartphones and social media are pervasive) with the risks of overuse. (
  • They might use resources such as the AAP's Family Media Plan ( Media and Children []) , but simply taking the time to have regular, open, honest conversations about what is known and unknown about the potential risks of social media use is very protective. (
  • For those children who do not have a known vulnerability to overuse, consider the following areas that are essential to healthy development in adolescence as guideposts to help parents in setting reasonable ground rules: building independence, cultivating healthy social relationships, learning about their identity, managing their strong emotions, and developing the skills of self-care. (
  • access to health-care services, and pact of SEP on many pathological The pervasive nature of the social chemical and physical exposures processes means that it is consid- structures that make up the outer (e.g. occupational exposures, pollu- ered one of the main determinants of layer of our environments means that tion). (
  • The life-course approach to health later effects (Lynch and Smith, 2005) children having a higher body mass is a conceptual framework that merg- and especially pertinent to the study index (BMI) from the age of about es social science and epidemiological of chronic diseases such as cancers 3 years. (
  • People born with autism experience difficulties in speech development and social interaction, physical "ticks" such as flapping hands or tapping feet, and specific, obsessive interests. (
  • sein was kids to the even ways of steep seines social as collective projects, working, malware, uns, looking actions, bekannt biases, history and the politics of John Berger. (
  • I recently received a questionnaire from the European Parliament, or rather its STOA panel with respect to developments in physiological computing and implications for social policy. (
  • the most common among children include social and performance anxiety, panic attacks, avoidance of situations, anxiety after traumatic incidents, separation anxiety, and specific fears. (
  • Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD or atypical autism). (
  • A new study shows that the atypical development of autism in human brain cells starts at the very earliest stages of brain organization, which can happen as early as the third week of pregnancy. (
  • ABA schools for autism are considered the best option for children if you can find one, but if not, ABA centers or in home therapy is a great alternative. (
  • Including additional therapies, such as speech and occupational therapy for children an be very important for treatment success as well. (
  • Occupational therapy helps children become as functional and independent as possible. (
  • She completed a year rotation in child psychiatry, serving on the psych-laison service along with child psychiatry residents, and spent 3 years doing supervised family therapy, individual and group child therapy sessions, and child sand-tray therapy. (
  • Speech-Language Therapy is the therapeutic treatment of speech and language difficulties and disorders. (
  • Very often, the individuals attending speech-language therapy are children, as this is when delays or difficulties in language skills first become apparent. (
  • The length of the therapy session (usually between a half hour and one hour), the location of the therapy session, the age of the individual involved, whether the therapy session is private or involves a group, and the type of speech or language difficulty or disorder that is being treated will all affect the activities engaged in during sessions. (
  • A detoxification program will enhance any therapy and allow a child to better assimilate nutrition. (
  • Anxiety is a pervasive feeling that interferes with daily life. (
  • Children and adolescents can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to a range of traumatic events, including domestic, political or community violence, violent crime, physical and sexual abuse, hijacking, witnessing a violent crime and motor vehicle accidents. (
  • 5 College counseling centers describe being overrun with requests for services, with one of three college freshman reporting symptoms consistent with a diagnosable behavioral health disorder. (
  • He has since accumulated over thirty-five years of experience in behavioral health systems in a wide variety of roles such as youth leadership and community organizing, executive and board management and behavioral health infrastructure development. (
  • Why Psychiatric Prescribing Data Aren't Always Accurate Data show that antipsychotic prescribing in children has increased significantly. (
  • The clinical records of 1 229 children (age 2 - 11 years) and adolescents (age 12 - 18 years) treated at the Child Mental Health Unit of the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC) were screened for the diagnosis of PTSD and analysed for the purpose of this study. (
  • Additionally, the school should provide accommodations for children with psychiatric disorders. (
  • Note: The number of publications displayed in this table will differ from the number displayed in the HuGE Literature Finder as the number in Genopedia reflects only the indexed disease term without children terms, but the number in the HuGE Literature Finder reflects all text searches of the disease term including the indexed term and corresponding children terms. (
  • This is the fourth revision of the statement on Preventing Lead Poisoning in Young Children by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (
  • They are tempered, however, by practical considerations, for example, of the numbers of children echo would require followup and the resources required to prevent this disease. (
  • 2017), the child BMI growth tra- framework, susceptibility to disease tion (Malaty and Graham, 1994). (
  • Some of these kids fall under the ASD umbrella. (
  • Free and detailed Language Disorders: What do They? (
  • This can include noting how well the child is able to communicate and interact with others, as well as how well they are able to develop basic skills such as motor skills and socialization. (
  • As parents, your responsibilities include providing your children with their basic needs and showering them with love and care. (
  • Common OCD types include fear of contamination, perfectionism, fear of harm to self or others, aggressive obsessions that often scare the child, religious obsessions, 'not quite right' OCD, and intrusive sexual thoughts. (
  • No. Ten years after I first wrote in Montessori Life about the challenges of identifying, diagnosing, and treating sensory processing disorder (SPD) in young children ["Making Sense of Every Child," Volume 18, Number 4, 2006], many of the same difficulties remain. (
  • Though Montessorians counter this trend, we must use our voices to make developmentally appropriate, sensory supportive learning environments available to every child, not just those in our classrooms. (
  • Our occupational therapists, using a play-based approach, engage your child in activities that develop important sensory, motor, behavioural, and thinking skills. (
  • If your child often seems very sensitive to their environment, it may be a problem with sensory processing. (