The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Female parents, human or animal.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The interactions between parent and child.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Prolonged separation of the offspring from the father.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Neurologic disorders associated with exposure to inorganic and organic forms of MERCURY. Acute intoxication may be associated with gastrointestinal disturbances, mental status changes, and PARAPARESIS. Chronic exposure to inorganic mercury usually occurs in industrial workers, and manifests as mental confusion, prominent behavioral changes (including psychosis), DYSKINESIAS, and NEURITIS. Alkyl mercury poisoning may occur through ingestion of contaminated seafood or grain, and its characteristic features include POLYNEUROPATHY; ATAXIA; vision loss; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; and DEAFNESS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch20, pp10-15)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.
Male parents, human or animal.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Size and composition of the family.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Interaction between the father and the child.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Educational institutions.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.

Developmental and paediatric care of the pre-school child. (1/3516)

Through an Upjohn Travelling Fellowship I visited 27 experts in childcare and sought their opinions on the privileges, possibilities, and problems in organising developmental and paediatric care for pre-school children in the United Kingdom.The role of the general practitioner was seen by many of the experts clearly. How he is to play it is shrouded in uncertainty. Research is urgently needed both on the tools of surveillance and on the different methods of arranging care.  (+info)

Predicting developmental outcomes at school entry using a multiple-risk model: four American communities. The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2/3516)

The contributions of different risk factors in predicting children's psychological and academic outcomes at the end of 1st grade were examined. Using a regression model, levels of ecobehavioral risk were assessed in the following order: specific demographics, broad demographics, family psychosocial status, mother's depressive symptoms, and neighborhood quality. Participants were 337 families from 4 American communities. Predictor variables were assessed in kindergarten, and teacher, parent, and child outcomes (behavioral and academic) were assessed at the end of 1st grade. Results indicated that (a) each level of analysis contributed to prediction of most outcomes, (b) 18%-29% of the variance was predicted in outcomes, (c) a common set of predictors predicted numerous outcomes, (d) ethnicity showed little unique prediction, and (e) the quality of the neighborhood showed small but unique prediction to externalizing problems.  (+info)

Health needs of preschool children. (3/3516)

An epidemiological study of disease in a geographically identified population of 250 children is reported. 22% had not seen their general practitioner (GP) at all in the past year, while 20% had seen him four times or more. The vast majority of these visits were because of an infective illness; and developmental and behavioural problems were rarely presented to GPs. 53% of children had not been to hospital since birth, but 11% had been at least four times. Respiratory infections and middle ear disease were the commonest illness reported, and nearly 3% had an infected or discharging ear at the time of examination. 15% of 3 year olds had speech and language problems. 18% of children over 2 years were thought by the examiners to have a behavioural problem, half being assessed as mild, the remainder as moderate or severe.  (+info)

Family factors affecting child development. (4/3516)

In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life.  (+info)

Growth hormone treatment in young children with Down's syndrome: effects on growth and psychomotor development. (5/3516)

BACKGROUND: Learning disability and short stature are cardinal signs of Down's syndrome. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), regulated by growth hormone (GH) from about 6 months of age, may be involved in brain development. AIMS: To study long term effects of GH on linear growth and psychomotor development in young children with Down's syndrome. Study design-Fifteen children with Down's syndrome were treated with GH for three years from the age of 6 to 9 months (mean, 7.4). Linear growth, psychomotor development, skeletal maturation, serum concentrations of IGF-I and its binding proteins (BPs), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of IGF-II were studied. RESULTS: The mean height of the study group increased from -1.8 to -0.8 SDS (Swedish standard) during treatment, whereas that of a Down's syndrome control group fell from -1.7 to -2.2 SDS. Growth velocity declined after treatment stopped. Head growth did not accelerate during treatment. No significant difference in mental or gross motor development was found. The low concentrations of serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 became normal during GH treatment. CONCLUSIONS: GH treatment results in normal growth velocity in Down's syndrome but does not affect head circumference or mental or gross motor development. Growth velocity declines after treatment stops.  (+info)

Infants' learning about words and sounds in relation to objects. (6/3516)

In acquiring language, babies learn not only that people can communicate about objects and events, but also that they typically use a particular kind of act as the communicative signal. The current studies asked whether 1-year-olds' learning of names during joint attention is guided by the expectation that names will be in the form of spoken words. In the first study, 13-month-olds were introduced to either a novel word or a novel sound-producing action (using a small noisemaker). Both the word and the sound were produced by a researcher as she showed the baby a new toy during a joint attention episode. The baby's memory for the link between the word or sound and the object was tested in a multiple choice procedure. Thirteen-month-olds learned both the word-object and sound-object correspondences, as evidenced by their choosing the target reliably in response to hearing the word or sound on test trials, but not on control trials when no word or sound was present. In the second study, 13-month-olds, but not 20-month-olds, learned a new sound-object correspondence. These results indicate that infants initially accept a broad range of signals in communicative contexts and narrow the range with development.  (+info)

Risk factors for strabismus in children born before 32 weeks' gestation. (7/3516)

AIM: To investigate risk factors associated with strabismus in children born prematurely. METHODS: Prospective study of all children born before 32 weeks' gestation between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1991 in a geographically defined population of approximately 3 million in the Northern Region of the United Kingdom. All children were examined aged 2 years by the same ophthalmologist and paediatrician. RESULTS: 558 children (98.6% of study group) were examined. Logistic regression showed an increased risk of strabismus in children with cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity (p=0.02), refractive error (p=0.003), family history of strabismus (p<0.0001), and poor neurodevelopmental outcome (p<0.0001), in particular impaired locomotor skills (p=0.008) and hand-eye coordination (p=0. 001). Gestational age and regressed acute ROP were not independent risk factors for strabismus (p=0.92 and 0.85 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified factors which are independently related to strabismus (although not necessarily causative) and others which are related only indirectly. This may contribute both to the management of children born prematurely and to future studies of the aetiology of strabismus.  (+info)

Bethlem myopathy: a slowly progressive congenital muscular dystrophy with contractures. (8/3516)

Bethlem myopathy is an early-onset benign autosomal dominant myopathy with contractures caused by mutations in collagen type VI genes. It has been reported that onset occurs in early childhood. We investigated the natural course of Bethlem myopathy in five previously published kindreds and two novel pedigrees, with particular attention to the mode of onset in 23 children and the progression of weakness in 36 adult patients. Our analysis shows that nearly all children exhibit weakness or contractures during the first 2 years of life. Early features include diminished foetal movements, neonatal hypotonia and congenital contractures which are of a dynamic nature during childhood. The course of Bethlem myopathy in adult patients is less benign than previously thought. Due to slow but ongoing progression, more than two-thirds of patients over 50 years of age use a wheelchair.  (+info)

Developmental disabilities can include a wide range of diagnoses, such as:

1. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurological disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
2. Intellectual Disability (ID): A condition in which an individual's cognitive abilities are below average, affecting their ability to learn, reason, and communicate.
3. Down Syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, characterized by intellectual disability, delayed speech and language development, and a distinctive physical appearance.
4. Cerebral Palsy (CP): A group of disorders that affect movement, balance, and posture, often resulting from brain injury or abnormal development during fetal development or early childhood.
5. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
6. Learning Disabilities: Conditions that affect an individual's ability to learn and process information, such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
7. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): An injury to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head, often resulting in cognitive, emotional, and physical impairments.
8. Severe Hearing or Vision Loss: A condition in which an individual experiences significant loss of hearing or vision, affecting their ability to communicate and interact with their environment.
9. Multiple Disabilities: A condition in which an individual experiences two or more developmental disabilities simultaneously, such as intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder.
10. Undiagnosed Developmental Delay (UDD): A condition in which an individual experiences delays in one or more areas of development, but does not meet the diagnostic criteria for a specific developmental disability.

These conditions can have a profound impact on an individual's quality of life, and it is important to provide appropriate support and accommodations to help them reach their full potential.

Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects can affect various aspects of the child's development, including:

1. Physical growth and development: PDEDs can lead to changes in the child's physical growth patterns, such as reduced birth weight, short stature, or delayed puberty.
2. Brain development: Prenatal exposure to certain substances can affect brain development, leading to learning disabilities, memory problems, and cognitive delays.
3. Behavioral and emotional development: Children exposed to PDEDs may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, depression, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
4. Immune system functioning: Prenatal exposure to certain substances can affect the immune system's development, making children more susceptible to infections and autoimmune diseases.
5. Reproductive health: Exposure to certain chemicals during fetal development may disrupt the reproductive system, leading to fertility problems or an increased risk of infertility later in life.

The diagnosis of Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects often requires a comprehensive medical history and physical examination, as well as specialized tests such as imaging studies or laboratory assessments. Treatment for PDEDs typically involves addressing the underlying cause of exposure and providing appropriate interventions to manage any associated symptoms or developmental delays.

In summary, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects can have a profound impact on a child's growth, development, and overall health later in life. It is essential for healthcare providers to be aware of the potential risks and to monitor children exposed to substances during fetal development for any signs of PDEDs. With early diagnosis and appropriate interventions, it may be possible to mitigate or prevent some of these effects and improve outcomes for affected children.

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A disorder marked by a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior toward authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder (CD): A disorder characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the child violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.
4. Anxiety Disorders: A group of disorders that cause excessive fear, worry, or anxiety that interferes with daily life.
5. Mood Disorders: A group of disorders that affect a child's mood, causing them to feel sad, hopeless, or angry for extended periods of time.
6. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.
7. Tourette Syndrome: A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic, often involving involuntary sounds or words.
8. Selective Mutism: A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive fear of speaking in certain situations, such as school or social events.
9. Separation Anxiety Disorder: A disorder characterized by excessive and persistent anxiety related to separation from home or loved ones.
10. Disruptive Behavior Disorders: A group of disorders that include ODD, CD, and conduct disorder, which are characterized by a pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.

These disorders can be challenging to diagnose and treat, but early identification and intervention can make a significant difference in a child's outcome. It is important for parents and caregivers to seek professional help if they notice any signs of these disorders in their child.

1. Muscle weakness and twitching
2. Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
3. Difficulty walking or maintaining balance
4. Memory loss and confusion
5. Slurred speech and difficulty with concentration
6. Mood changes, such as irritability and anxiety
7. Seizures
8. Headaches and tremors.

If you suspect that you have been exposed to mercury or are experiencing symptoms of mercury poisoning, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. A healthcare professional will perform a physical examination and may order laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the damage. Treatment for mercury poisoning typically involves removing the source of exposure and providing supportive care to manage symptoms. In severe cases, chelation therapy may be used to remove excess mercury from the body.

Child nutrition disorders refer to a range of conditions that affect the health and development of children, primarily caused by poor nutrition or dietary imbalances. These disorders can have short-term and long-term consequences on a child's physical and mental health, academic performance, and overall quality of life.

Types of Child Nutrition Disorders:

1. Malnutrition: A condition where the body does not receive enough nutrients to maintain proper growth and development. It can be caused by inadequate dietary intake, digestive problems, or other underlying medical conditions.
2. Obesity: Excess body fat that can impair health and increase the risk of various diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and joint problems.
3. Iron Deficiency Anemia: A condition where the body does not have enough red blood cells due to a lack of iron, which is essential for producing hemoglobin.
4. Vitamin D Deficiency: A condition where the body does not have enough vitamin D, which is necessary for bone health and immune system function.
5. Food Allergies: An immune response to specific foods that can cause a range of symptoms, from mild discomfort to life-threatening reactions. Common food allergens include peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, milk, eggs, wheat, and soy.
6. Coeliac Disease: An autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to react to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, leading to damage of the small intestine and nutrient deficiencies.
7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): A condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing heartburn, chest pain, and difficulty swallowing.
8. Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders: A group of conditions characterized by inflammation and eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and difficulty swallowing.
9. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A common condition characterized by recurring abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhea.
10. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): A group of chronic conditions that cause inflammation in the digestive tract, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
11. Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions characterized by symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits, but no visible signs of inflammation or structural abnormalities. Examples include functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
12. Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders: Conditions that affect the movement of food through the digestive system, such as gastroparesis (slowed stomach emptying) and hypermobile gut syndrome (excessively loose joints).
13. Neurogastroenterology: The study of the interaction between the nervous system and the gastrointestinal system, including conditions such as functional dyspepsia and gastroparesis.
14. Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions that affect children, such as pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and feeding disorders.
15. Geriatric Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions that affect older adults, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and dementia, which can impact digestion and nutrition.

These are just a few examples of the many different types of gastrointestinal disorders that exist. Each condition has its unique set of symptoms and characteristics, and may require different treatment approaches.

Postpartum depression is estimated to affect up to 15% of new mothers, although the actual number may be higher due to underreporting. It usually develops within the first few months after delivery, but can sometimes last longer.

The exact cause of postpartum depression is not known, but it is believed to be related to changes in hormone levels and other physical and emotional factors associated with childbirth. Risk factors include a history of depression or anxiety, lack of support, and stressful life events.

Symptoms of postpartum depression can vary from mild to severe and may include:

* Persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and helplessness
* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed
* Changes in appetite and sleep patterns
* Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
* Thoughts of harming oneself or the baby

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Postpartum depression can be treated with therapy, medication, or a combination of both. With proper treatment, most women with postpartum depression can recover and go on to lead healthy and fulfilling lives.

There are several types of LDDs, including:

1. Expressive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with verbal expression, including difficulty with word choice, sentence structure, and coherence.
2. Receptive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with understanding spoken language, including difficulty with comprehending vocabulary, grammar, and tone of voice.
3. Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by both receptive and expressive language difficulties.
4. Language Processing Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with processing language, including difficulty with auditory processing, syntax, and semantics.
5. Social Communication Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with social communication, including difficulty with understanding and using language in social contexts, eye contact, facial expressions, and body language.

Causes of LDDs include:

1. Genetic factors: Some LDDs may be inherited from parents or grandparents.
2. Brain injury: Traumatic brain injury or stroke can damage the areas of the brain responsible for language processing.
3. Infections: Certain infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can damage the brain and result in LDDs.
4. Nutritional deficiencies: Severe malnutrition or a lack of certain nutrients, such as vitamin B12, can lead to LDDs.
5. Environmental factors: Exposure to toxins, such as lead, and poverty can increase the risk of developing an LDD.

Signs and symptoms of LDDs include:

1. Difficulty with word retrieval
2. Incomplete or inappropriate sentences
3. Difficulty with comprehension
4. Limited vocabulary
5. Difficulty with understanding abstract concepts
6. Difficulty with social communication
7. Delayed language development compared to peers
8. Difficulty with speech sounds and articulation
9. Stuttering or repetition of words
10. Limited eye contact and facial expressions

Treatment for LDDs depends on the underlying cause and may include:

1. Speech and language therapy to improve communication skills
2. Cognitive training to improve problem-solving and memory skills
3. Occupational therapy to improve daily living skills
4. Physical therapy to improve mobility and balance
5. Medication to manage symptoms such as anxiety or depression
6. Surgery to repair any physical abnormalities or damage to the brain.

It is important to note that each individual with an LDD may have a unique combination of strengths, weaknesses, and challenges, and treatment plans should be tailored to meet their specific needs. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to improving outcomes for individuals with LDDs.

1. Preeclampsia: A condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy, which can lead to complications such as stroke or premature birth.
2. Gestational diabetes: A type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, which can cause complications for both the mother and the baby if left untreated.
3. Placenta previa: A condition in which the placenta is located low in the uterus, covering the cervix, which can cause bleeding and other complications.
4. Premature labor: Labor that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation, which can increase the risk of health problems for the baby.
5. Fetal distress: A condition in which the fetus is not getting enough oxygen, which can lead to serious health problems or even death.
6. Postpartum hemorrhage: Excessive bleeding after delivery, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.
7. Cesarean section (C-section) complications: Complications that may arise during a C-section, such as infection or bleeding.
8. Maternal infections: Infections that the mother may contract during pregnancy or childbirth, such as group B strep or urinary tract infections.
9. Preterm birth: Birth that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation, which can increase the risk of health problems for the baby.
10. Chromosomal abnormalities: Genetic disorders that may affect the baby's growth and development, such as Down syndrome or Turner syndrome.

It is important for pregnant women to receive regular prenatal care to monitor for any potential complications and ensure a healthy pregnancy outcome. In some cases, pregnancy complications may require medical interventions, such as hospitalization or surgery, to ensure the safety of both the mother and the baby.

Prevalence: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide, affecting approximately 1.6 billion people, with women being more likely to be affected than men.

Causes: The main cause of iron deficiency anemia is a diet that does not provide enough iron. Other causes include:

* Poor absorption of iron from the diet
* Increased demand for iron due to growth or pregnancy
* Blood loss due to menstruation, internal bleeding, or surgery
* Chronic diseases such as kidney disease, cancer, and rheumatoid arthritis

Signs and symptoms: The signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anemia may include:

* Fatigue and weakness
* Pale skin
* Shortness of breath
* Dizziness or lightheadedness
* Headaches
* Cold hands and feet

Diagnosis: Iron deficiency anemia is diagnosed based on a physical exam, medical history, and laboratory tests, including:

* Complete blood count (CBC) to check for low red blood cell count and low hemoglobin level
* Serum iron and transferrin tests to check for low iron levels
* Ferritin test to check for low iron stores

Treatment: Treatment of iron deficiency anemia involves correcting the underlying cause, which may include:

* Dietary changes to increase iron intake
* Iron supplements to replenish iron stores
* Addressing any underlying causes such as bleeding or malabsorption

Complications: Iron deficiency anemia can lead to complications such as:

* Heart failure
* Increased risk of infections
* Poor cognitive function and development in children

Prevention: Preventing iron deficiency anemia involves consuming enough iron through a balanced diet, avoiding foods that inhibit iron absorption, and addressing any underlying causes. It is also important to maintain good overall health, including managing chronic conditions such as bleeding or malabsorption.

Low birth weight is defined as less than 2500 grams (5 pounds 8 ounces) and is associated with a higher risk of health problems, including respiratory distress, infection, and developmental delays. Premature birth is also a risk factor for low birth weight, as premature infants may not have had enough time to grow to a healthy weight before delivery.

On the other hand, high birth weight is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia, a condition in which the baby is significantly larger than average and may require a cesarean section (C-section) or assisted delivery. Macrosomia can also increase the risk of injury to the mother during delivery.

Birth weight can be influenced by various factors during pregnancy, including maternal nutrition, prenatal care, and fetal growth patterns. However, it is important to note that birth weight alone is not a definitive indicator of a baby's health or future development. Other factors, such as the baby's overall physical condition, Apgar score (a measure of the baby's well-being at birth), and postnatal care, are also important indicators of long-term health outcomes.

1. Autism spectrum disorder: Children with autism spectrum disorder struggle with social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors. They may also have delays or impairments in language development, cognitive and social skills.

2. Rett syndrome: A rare genetic condition that affects girls almost exclusively. Children with Rett syndrome typically develop normally for the first six months of life before losing skills and experiencing difficulties with communication, movement and other areas of functioning.

3. Childhood disintegrative disorder: This is a rare condition in which children develop normally for at least two years before suddenly losing their language and social skills. Children with this disorder may also experience difficulty with eye contact, imitation and imagination.

4. Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): A diagnosis that is given to children who display some but not all of the characteristic symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. Children with PDD-NOS may have difficulties in social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors.

5. Other specified and unspecified pervasive developmental disorders: This category includes a range of rare conditions that affect children's development and functioning. Examples include;
a) Fragile X syndrome: A genetic condition associated with intellectual disability, behavioral challenges and physical characteristics such as large ears and a long face.
b) Williams syndrome: A rare genetic condition that affects about one in 10,000 children. It is characterized by heart problems, developmental delays and difficulties with social interaction and communication.

These disorders can have a significant impact on the child's family and caregivers, requiring early intervention and ongoing support to help the child reach their full potential.

Pervasive child development disorder is a broad term used to describe a range of conditions that affect children's social communication and behavioral development. There are five main types of pervasive developmental disorders:
1. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Children with ASD may have a hard time understanding other people's perspectives, initiating or maintaining conversations and developing and maintaining relationships. They may also exhibit repetitive behaviors such as hand flapping, rocking or repeating words or phrases.

2. Rett syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that affects girls almost exclusively. It is characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors, as well as physical symptoms such as seizures, tremors and muscle weakness. Children with Rett syndrome may also experience anxiety, depression and sleep disturbances.

3. Childhood disintegrative disorder: A rare condition in which children develop typically for the first few years of life, but then lose their language and social skills and exhibit autistic-like behaviors.

4. Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): A diagnosis given to children who exhibit some, but not all, of the symptoms of ASD. Children with PDD-NOS may have difficulty with social interaction and communication, but do not meet the criteria for a full diagnosis of ASD.

5. Asperger's disorder: A milder form of autism that is characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, but not with language development. Children with Asperger's disorder may have trouble understanding other people's perspectives, developing and maintaining relationships and exhibiting repetitive behaviors.

it's important to note that these categories are not exhaustive and there is some overlap between them. Additionally, each individual with a pervasive developmental disorder may experience a unique set of symptoms and challenges.

Some common types of mental disorders include:

1. Anxiety disorders: These conditions cause excessive worry, fear, or anxiety that interferes with daily life. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
2. Mood disorders: These conditions affect a person's mood, causing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anger that persist for weeks or months. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
3. Personality disorders: These conditions involve patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from the norm of the average person. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
4. Psychotic disorders: These conditions cause a person to lose touch with reality, resulting in delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized thinking. Examples include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and brief psychotic disorder.
5. Trauma and stressor-related disorders: These conditions develop after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Dissociative disorders: These conditions involve a disconnection or separation from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Examples include dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) and depersonalization disorder.
7. Neurodevelopmental disorders: These conditions affect the development of the brain and nervous system, leading to symptoms such as difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Rett syndrome.

Mental disorders can be diagnosed by a mental health professional using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which provides criteria for each condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy, depending on the specific disorder and individual needs.

Asthma can cause recurring episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms occur when the muscles surrounding the airways contract, causing the airways to narrow and swell. This can be triggered by exposure to environmental allergens or irritants such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or respiratory infections.

There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Treatment typically includes inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, bronchodilators to open up the airways, and rescue medications to relieve symptoms during an asthma attack.

Asthma is a common condition that affects people of all ages, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children. According to the American Lung Association, more than 25 million Americans have asthma, and it is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 18.

While there is no cure for asthma, early diagnosis and proper treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for those affected by the condition.

Some common types of growth disorders include:

1. Growth hormone deficiency (GHD): A condition in which the body does not produce enough growth hormone, leading to short stature and slow growth.
2. Turner syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects females, causing short stature, incomplete sexual development, and other health problems.
3. Prader-Willi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that causes excessive hunger, obesity, and other physical and behavioral abnormalities.
4. Chronic kidney disease (CKD): A condition in which the kidneys gradually lose function over time, leading to growth retardation and other health problems.
5. Thalassemia: A genetic disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin, leading to anemia, fatigue, and other health problems.
6. Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to slow growth and other health problems.
7. Cushing's syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that can cause rapid growth and obesity.
8. Marfan syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects the body's connective tissue, causing tall stature, long limbs, and other physical abnormalities.
9. Noonan syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects the development of the heart, lungs, and other organs, leading to short stature and other health problems.
10. Williams syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that causes growth delays, cardiovascular problems, and other health issues.

Growth disorders can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as hormone level assessments or genetic testing. Treatment depends on the specific condition and may include medication, hormone therapy, surgery, or other interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for individuals with growth disorders.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) defines Autistic Disorder as a pervasive developmental disorder that meets the following criteria:

A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including:

1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity (e.g., abnormal or absent eye contact, impaired understanding of facial expressions, delayed or lack of response to social overtures).
2. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships (e.g., difficulty initiating or sustaining conversations, impairment in understanding social norms, rules, and expectations).
3. Deficits in using nonverbal behaviors to regulate social interaction (e.g., difficulty with eye contact, facial expressions, body language, gestures).

B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:

1. Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech (e.g., hand flapping, head banging, repeating words or phrases).
2. Insistence on sameness, inflexibility, and adherence to routines or rituals.
3. Preoccupation with specific interests or activities that are repeated in a rigid and restricted manner (e.g., preoccupation with a particular topic, excessive focus on a specific activity).

C. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period and significantly impact social, occupational, or other areas of functioning.

D. The symptoms do not occur exclusively during a medical or neurological condition (e.g., intellectual disability, hearing loss).

It is important to note that Autistic Disorder is a spectrum disorder and individuals with this diagnosis may have varying degrees of severity in their symptoms. Additionally, there are several other Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs) that have similar diagnostic criteria but may differ in severity and presentation. These include:

A. Asperger's Disorder: Characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, but without the presence of significant delay or retardation in language development.

B. Rett Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.

C. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: Characterized by a loss of language and social skills that occurs after a period of normal development.

It is important to consult with a qualified professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

There are several types of diarrhea, including:

1. Acute diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is short-term and usually resolves on its own within a few days. It can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, food poisoning, or medication side effects.
2. Chronic diarrhea: This type of diarrhea persists for more than 4 weeks and can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or celiac disease.
3. Diarrhea-predominant IBS: This type of diarrhea is characterized by frequent, loose stools and abdominal pain or discomfort. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, hormonal changes, and certain foods.
4. Infectious diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection and can be spread through contaminated food and water, close contact with an infected person, or by consuming contaminated food.

Symptoms of diarrhea may include:

* Frequent, loose, and watery stools
* Abdominal cramps and pain
* Bloating and gas
* Nausea and vomiting
* Fever and chills
* Headache
* Fatigue and weakness

Diagnosis of diarrhea is typically made through a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms. Treatment for diarrhea depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medications, fluid replacement, and dietary changes. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat any complications.

Prevention of diarrhea includes:

* Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
* Properly storing and cooking food to prevent contamination
* Drinking safe water and avoiding contaminated water sources
* Avoiding raw or undercooked meat, poultry, and seafood
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea

Complications of diarrhea can include:

* Dehydration: Diarrhea can lead to a loss of fluids and electrolytes, which can cause dehydration. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
* Electrolyte imbalance: Diarrhea can also cause an imbalance of electrolytes in the body, which can lead to serious complications.
* Inflammation of the intestines: Prolonged diarrhea can cause inflammation of the intestines, which can lead to abdominal pain and other complications.
* Infections: Diarrhea can be a symptom of an infection, such as a bacterial or viral infection. If left untreated, these infections can lead to serious complications.
* Malnutrition: Prolonged diarrhea can lead to malnutrition and weight loss, which can have long-term effects on health and development.

Treatment of diarrhea will depend on the underlying cause, but may include:

* Fluid replacement: Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and replace lost electrolytes.
* Anti-diarrheal medications: Over-the-counter or prescription medications to slow down bowel movements and reduce diarrhea.
* Antibiotics: If the diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection.
* Rest: Getting plenty of rest to allow the body to recover from the illness.
* Dietary changes: Avoiding certain foods or making dietary changes to help manage symptoms and prevent future episodes of diarrhea.

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following:

* Severe diarrhea that lasts for more than 3 days
* Diarrhea that is accompanied by fever, blood in the stool, or abdominal pain
* Diarrhea that is severe enough to cause dehydration or electrolyte imbalances
* Diarrhea that is not responding to treatment

Prevention of diarrhea includes:

* Good hand hygiene: Washing your hands frequently, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food.
* Safe food handling: Cooking and storing food properly to prevent contamination.
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea, such as rotavirus.

Overall, while diarrhea can be uncomfortable and disruptive, it is usually a minor illness that can be treated at home with over-the-counter medications and plenty of fluids. However, if you experience severe or persistent diarrhea, it is important to seek medical attention to rule out any underlying conditions that may require more formal treatment.

1. Predominantly Inattentive Type: This type is characterized by symptoms of inattention, such as difficulty paying attention to details or making careless mistakes. Individuals with this type may have trouble sustaining their focus during tasks and may appear daydreamy or easily distracted.
2. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: This type is characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity, such as fidgeting, restlessness, and an inability to sit still. Individuals with this type may also exhibit impulsivity, such as interrupting others or speaking out of turn.
3. Combined Type: This type is characterized by both symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity.

The symptoms of ADHD can vary from person to person and may change over time. Some common symptoms include:

* Difficulty sustaining attention during tasks
* Easily distracted or interrupted
* Difficulty completing tasks
* Forgetfulness
* Fidgeting or restlessness
* Difficulty sitting still or remaining quiet
* Interrupting others or speaking out of turn
* Impulsivity, such as acting without thinking

The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but research suggests that it may be related to differences in brain structure and function, as well as genetic factors. There is no cure for ADHD, but medication and behavioral therapy can help manage symptoms and improve functioning.

ADHD can have significant impacts on daily life, including academic and social difficulties. However, with proper treatment and support, many individuals with ADHD are able to lead successful and fulfilling lives.

There are several different types of obesity, including:

1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.

Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.

Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:

1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.

Clinical Significance:
Respiratory sounds can help healthcare providers diagnose and manage respiratory conditions, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. By listening to the sounds of a patient's breathing, healthcare providers can identify abnormalities in lung function, airway obstruction, or inflammation.

Types of Respiratory Sounds:

1. Vesicular Sounds:
a. Inspiratory wheeze: A high-pitched whistling sound heard during inspiration, usually indicative of bronchial asthma or COPD.
b. Expiratory wheeze: A low-pitched whistling sound heard during expiration, typically seen in patients with chronic bronchitis or emphysema.
c. Decreased vocal fremitus: A decrease in the normal vibratory sounds heard over the lung fields during breathing, which can indicate fluid or consolidation in the lungs.
2. Adventitious Sounds:
a. Crackles (rales): High-pitched, bubbly sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, indicating fluid or air in the alveoli.
b. Rhonchi: Low-pitched, harsh sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, often indicative of bronchitis, pneumonia, or COPD.
c. Stridors: High-pitched, squeaky sounds heard during breathing, commonly seen in patients with inflammatory conditions such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.

It's important to note that the interpretation of lung sounds requires a thorough understanding of respiratory physiology and pathophysiology, as well as clinical experience and expertise. A healthcare professional, such as a nurse or respiratory therapist, should always be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

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... is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering developmental psychology and ... "Child Psychiatry & Human Development". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2021. ... Child and adolescent psychiatry journals, Developmental psychology journals, Springer Science+Business Media academic journals ... child psychiatry. It was established in 1970 and is published by Springer Science+Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Eric A ...
"Can We Measure Child Development Globally?". Primeros Pasos. 2018-11-26. Retrieved 2019-09-08. "Global Child Development Group ... The Secretariat of the Global Child Development Group is located at the Caribbean Child Development Centre, Open Campus, ... To use scientific evidence to promote optimal child development, with a focus on children under age 5, in low and middle income ... practice and policies focused on child development. The organization has a particular emphasis on children's social, cognitive ...
The Seychelles Child Development Study is a project created in 1986 by the Ministries of Health and Education in Seychelles, in ... "Seychelles Child Development Study". University of Rochester. Retrieved 31 October 2013. Myers, G. J.; Davidson, P. W.; Cox, C ... "The seychelles child development study: Results and new directions through twenty-nine months". Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. ... "Prenatal methylmercury exposure from ocean fish consumption in the Seychelles child development study". The Lancet. 361 (9370 ...
Kapil U (July 2002). "Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: a program for holistic development of children in ... The Integrated Child Development Services in India" (PDF). Development and Change. 36 (4): 613-640. doi:10.1111/j.0012-155X. ... Evidence from Integrated Child Development Services in India". Economic Development and Cultural Change. 69 (1): 291-316. doi: ... "Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)". "Has the ICDS helped reduce stunting in India?". Retrieved 9 ...
Introduction to the special section: Strengthening Africa's contributions to child development research. Child Development ... Youth Civic Development: Work at the Cutting Edge. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 134, pp. 77-93. ( ... Child development in Africa addresses the variables and social changes that occur in African children from infancy through ... Children as Partners for Health: A Critical Review of the Child-to-Child approach. London, UK, ZED Press. CtC Trust (n.d.) http ...
Optimal child development starts before conception and is dependent on adequate nutrition for mother and child, protection from ... The first 1000 days is a concept in child development, that recommends planning to give a child the best possible start in ... Child development in India is the Indian experience of biological, psychological, and emotional changes which children ... Poverty presents particular challenges for street children in India, child workers in India, and children trafficked in India. ...
The Foundation for Child Development is a United States-based non-profit organization which promotes good child development. ... In 1972 the organization changed its name to the Foundation for Child Development. "Foundation for Child Development" (PDF). ... "History - Foundation for Child Development". 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. McMurtrie, Douglas C (1911). The ... Official website Archives of the Foundation for Child Development, 1909-1996, held by the Rockefeller Archive Center v t e ( ...
... is a bimonthly peer-reviewed public health journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf ... The journal was established in 1975 and covers child health issues such as childhood illness, health care, paediatrics, and ... ". "Psychology Development". 2011 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2012. " ... of the British Association of Community Child Health, the Swiss Paediatric Society, and the European Society for Social ...
Applied behavior analysis Attachment in children Behaviorism Behavioral cusp Child development Child development stages Child ... "Language Development In Children". Child Development Institute. Commons, M.L.; Miller, P.M. (2001). "A Quantitative Behavioral ... Behavioral Development Bulletin Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention Child Behavioral Development Info ( ... Bryan, J.H.; Walbek, N.H. (1970). "Impact of words and deeds concerning altruism upon children". Child Development. 41 (3): 747 ...
The Lifeline Center for Child Development in Queens, NY, is a non-profit State Office of Mental Health (SOMH) licensed ... "Lifeline Center for Child Development". Retrieved 2019-06-23. "Facts". Archived from the original on 2010- ... At this time there were few options for parents of mentally or emotionally challenged children who were seeking help. As Wyner ... Lifeline considers children exhibiting the following symptoms for admission: fearfulness, anxiety, hyperactivity, depression, ...
Child Development Child Development Perspectives Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development "Society for ... The field of child development received formal recognition in 1922-23 through the appointment of a subcommittee on Child ... In 1933, the Committee on Child Development disbanded and passed the torch to the newly organized Society for Research in Child ... The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) is a professional society for the field of human development, focusing ...
The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), also called the Child Care and Development Fund, is the primary source of ... Administration for Children and Families Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2013 (S. 1086; 113th Congress) Marshall ... Since CCDBG's inception, much has been learned about the role of early learning and development on the success of a child, and ... When CCDBG won bipartisan reauthorization in 2014, the act explicitly named child development as one of its objectives. It ...
Child Development - GoI". WCD.access-date=15 September 2018. "Homepage : Ministry of Women & Child Development". ... Statistics and Training relating to the welfare and development of women and children, including development of gender ... The Children Act, 1960 (60 of 1960). The Child Marriage - Restraint Act, 1929 (19 of 1929). Integrated Child Protection Scheme ... For holistic into development of the child, the Ministry has been implementing the world's largest outreach programme of ...
... (CYD) is a philosophy emphasizing the symbiotic nature of youth development to community ... Oaktree Community Youth Development Journal Published by the Institute for Just Communities (IJC) and the Institute for ... Community Youth Development at Nazareth College v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, ... Community Youth Development: Programs, Policies, and Practices A resource publication. CommonAction An international CYD ...
A youth-led organization focuses on youth-led development, promotes youth participation and often has a permanent staff largely ... Some examples of organizations that focus on youth-led development are: UYDO (United Youth Development Organization), U8 Global ... Peace Child International and Restless Development. "What is Youth-led Development". Retrieved 2011-12-21. "UNESCO:Acting with ... A youth-led development is an initiative that is largely devised and implemented by young people. Most organizations use the ...
The Youth Development Administration (YDA; Chinese: 青年發展署;Bopomofo :ㄋㄧㄢˊ ㄈㄚ ㄓㄢˇ ㄕㄨˇ) is a branch of the Ministry of Education ... "Youth Development Administration, Ministry of Education". Archived from the original on May 16, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 行 ... of the Ministry of Education as a result of the reorganization of the Executive Yuan and renamed to Youth Development ... It was established on 28 January 1966 as the National Youth Commission (NYC; Chinese: 青輔會; pinyin: Qīngfǔ Huì) under the ...
The Children's Development Trust is a charity established in the UK in 2008, aimed at helping children and young people develop ... Children's charities based in the United Kingdom, All stub articles, United Kingdom charity stubs). ... of the profits donated to Demelza Hospice Care for Children and Teens Unite Fighting Cancer, the charity established by ...
"Positive Youth Development". U.S. Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs. "Positive Youth Development - ... Positive youth development (PYD) programs are designed to optimize youth developmental progress. states that "PYD is ... "Positive Youth Development ,". Retrieved 2021-03-02. Witt, P.A. & Caldwell, L.L. (eds.) (2005). Recreation ... "Positive Youth Development in the U.S.: Research Findings on Evaluations of Positive Youth Development Programs: Chapter 1". ...
List of charities in China Walk to Guangzhou Youth Business China China Youth Development Foundation - official website English ... The China Youth Development Foundation (CYDF) is a national non-profit and non-governmental organization founded in March 1989 ... an annual International Youth Prize for Poverty Elimination. This award was created in 1996 to enhance the development of young ... attempts to increase HIV/AIDS awareness among Chinese youth to support the education of children in AIDS-affected areas. The ...
His mother, Grace Marie (Hartman), after raising six children, became a Lutheran minister. After graduating from River Falls ... "70 Years Connecting Capital Markets to Development, Chapter 4, Pioneering Swaps" (PDF). World Bank. The World Bank Treasury. ...
He married with his colleague Miss Hsieh Pee-lien, but after 2 years, he had lost two children and his second wife. However, he ... 47.1994 years, the image of the era of Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts: Painting Taiwan Development Review, painting exhibition " ... In 1945, Chen Huei-Kuhn left Hsin-kao Public School after losing his second wife and two children. He moved to Taichung First ... Besides, he served as preparations for the provincial exhibition, faculty development, student exhibition of the committee, ...
... who ran a soup kitchen for the children of the dock strike. Her aim, on realising the children had little or no education, was ... 39 The Modern Schools were intended to be both instruments for self-development and social change and taught the values of ... a scholar of the socialist youth education movement, socialist schools for children also operated in Australia, Canada, New ... She started the first Sunday with only one other besides her own two children, but twenty years later there were approximately ...
... product development, and an independent record label. After purchasing several brands and assets from the GE-cast-off Radio ... Alexander first became interested in Camden's RCA Victor complex when passing the facility on the train as a child. In 2008, ...
Family Therapy Doctor of Science major in Emergency Management EdD in Higher Education Administration PhD in Child Development ... Bachelor of Science in Community Development •Bachelor of Science in Development Communication •Bachelor of Science in ... Too, it has provided primary consideration through the integration of research/studies for the development of the Province of ... Development Authority Region VI-Western Visayas Member REGENT ROWEN R. GELONGA Regional Director Department of Science and ...
The development will see a new pavilion and indoor training facility built at New Williamfield, the home of Stirling County ... Stirling Charities Day (13 May 1939) B&W 7 mins silent - Includes shots of kids, costumes and carriages. Neighbours - (1952) ... However this has been augmented by out-of-town developments such as the Springkerse Retail Park on the city bypass to the east ... The development comprises retail, residential and commercial elements, including a conference centre, hotel and Vue multiplex ...
San Francisco: Robert San Souci, children's author, dies at 68 2nd Baron Strang 1922-2014 Argonauts mourn loss of 'Tricky' Dick ... obituary Real Estate Development Pioneer, Philanthropist Guilford Glazer Dead At 93 Colleagues, family remember a statistical ... Penny Dann, 50, British children's book illustrator, cancer. George Fisher, 90, American college basketball coach (Austin Peay ... João Nílson Zunino, 68, Brazilian executive, President of Avaí FC (2002-2013). Ekhlasuddin Ahmed, 74, Bangladeshi children's ...
RFE/RL, August 30, 2007 (an article about the impact of the Summer of Love event on Soviet youth culture) PBS, The American ... Leary endorsed the use of all psychedelics for personal development. He often invited friends as well as an occasional graduate ... Hippies, sometimes called flower children, were an eclectic group. Many were suspicious of the government, rejected consumerist ... and to popularize the flower children of San Francisco. Released on May 13, 1967, the song was an instant success. By the week ...
At night the child slept with the convicts and soldiers all in a heap together. Chekhov later concluded that charity was not ... Mikhail Chekhov considered Ivanov a key moment in his brother's intellectual development and literary career. From this period ... He was the third of six surviving children. His father, Pavel Yegorovich Chekhov, the son of a former serf and his wife, was ... In the first category were: Children, The Chorus Girl, A Play, Home, Misery, The Runaway, In Court, Vanka, Ladies, A Malefactor ...
The Children of the Shadow are planning on attacking the REF. Scott is arrested and interrogated, where he warns of the ... Slop Reilly of Ain't It Cool News gave it a 1 out of 5 stars, citing a poor screenplay, weak character development and ... It then becomes clear that the Haydonites are in fact the Children of the Shadow, and that Ariel's warning was true. Captain ... "HG Postpones Shadow Rising Until Further Development of RLAM". Robotechx.Com. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2013-09-01. Anime Expo 2009 ...
This is especially true in the life sciences, where development of useful new diagnostic and therapeutic methods is driven by ... a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a major health risk for the unborn child." In December 2015, the ... Would companies find that scope of protection sufficient to justify investment in research and development? If not, she says, ...
The art historian Antonio Romera highlights the four most prominent and important painters in the development of Chilean art in ... The four artists were selected, along with Patricio Valenzuela and Carlos Ortúzar, to participate in the Second Youth Biennial ... Mandiola, unlike Rosales and Monvoisin, preferred to portray peasants, children and homeless people, depicting the lower ...
In response to disaster relief, the Japanese Red Cross became an integral part of nursing development. By 1915, nurse ... They assist the mother with breastfeeding, caring for the child, and related tasks. Individuals who are assistant nurses follow ... The basic course study must include courses on: anatomy, adult health, basic nursing, children's health, disease and recovery ... Araki, Iyo (October 1928). "Nursing in Japan: Its Origin and Development". The American Journal of Nursing. Philadelphia, ...
A common development strategy is to increase the size of a plot of land used for agriculture. While this increases a family's ... Care work includes, but is not limited to, caring for children, the elderly, partners, and oneself. Unpaid work, while it ... As development policy slowly transitions from an income-based approach to one that is capability-based, the reduction of ... The two development projects listed above are common in developing countries, however neither takes time poverty nor ...
Anne Luddington (1528-1579), widow of the London grocer, William Lane (by whom she had four children, Luke, Gabriel, Anne and ... Thomas Woodford, Drayton's partner in the development of the Whitefriars Theatre, was the nephew of Thomas Lodge the dramatist ... and to his three step-children by Joan's first marriage, Nicholas Luddington, Joan Luddington, and Sir Thomas Lodge's third ...
Denstad, Finn Yrjar (2009). Youth Policy Manual: How to Develop a National Youth Strategy. p. 35. ISBN 978-9287165763. ... Westoby, Peter; Dowling, Gerard (2013). Theory and Practice of Dialogical Community Development. p. 28. ISBN 978-1136272851. ... Definition of structured dialogue focused on youth matters Hunt, Richard A.; Hof, Larry; DeMaria, Rita (1998). Marriage ... and indigenous community development., as well as government and social policy formulation. In one deployment, structured ...
He and his wife Ann had five children: Peter, Stephen, Jane, Anne Marie and Geoffrey. Vallentyne held a variety of academic ... "watch and marvel at many of his extraordinary contributions to freshwater research and to the development and implementation of ... The message to the kids Johnny Biosphere (aka Jack Vallentyne) visited was simple: "Be kind to the Earth and it will be kind to ... and passionate efforts in educating children in environmental, ecological and limnological issues." On June 16, 2007, ...
St Leonard's Church Main window: the crucifixion St Leonard's Church Madonna and Child St Leonard's Church St Clare and St ... with Hounslow and the farming and market garden land around the village was snapped up for industry and housing developments. ...
Most accounts of the development restrict themselves to Italy, ignoring northern parallels, despite the Virgin and Child with ... The Virgin and Child are no longer at the centre of the composition, but to the right of the picture space. As in earlier ... Here the Virgin and Child are placed, usually upon clouds, in mid-air (in aria) above the saints on the ground. There is ... Hortus conclusus in Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints depicted by a member of the Cologne school, c. 1520 Rubens, ...
There were 2,085 households, out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples ... "Town of Exeter profile". Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation. Archived from the original on December 10, 2011. ...
... the Department of Development and Alumni Affairs of the University of Hong Kong posted a message on WeChat to mourn Zheng. ... perfect child' Zheng Shaoxiong gunned down on Chicago street". The Star. Retrieved May 8, 2022. Leung, Larrissa; Xu, Qing (2021 ...
He decided there and then against corporal punishment if one wanted to instill a love of learning in the child. He opted to ... founded by Catherine in 1782 to plan and supervise the development of a new system. Ten days later, Janković produced a draft ... Janković no doubt endeared himself to both by stressing the importance of civic education for all-male and female children and ... Instead of attending schools outside the barracks the children of soldiers were now to attend special schools of their own. In ...
Parent/child classes are also available. The arts center's children's gallery features the work of young artists. The Junior ... Lloyd G. Davies - L.A. City Council member (1943-1951) who urged purchase of adjacent land to prevent development. Barnsdall. ... The Junior Arts Center offers art programs to children and youth aged 3-18. Art instruction held at the center throughout the ... Annual special events include Día de los Muertos, Aline Barnsdall Day, the culmination of children's classes, and the Barnsdall ...
Development - call detail records can be analysed with the aim of planning humanitarian development actions, such as emergency ... young children, the elderly, certain socio-economic groups). In addition, the usage habits of mobile phone users can be very ... Social good - MPD can be used to inform development and humanitarian work. Examples of such use cases include predicting dengue ... "Mobile Phone Network Data for Development" (PDF). UN Global Pulse. "State of mobile data for social good" (PDF). Global Pulse, ...
They have six children, a grandson and two granddaughters. He attended Bishop Shanahan College, Orlu and had his WASC in 1978. ... He worked with communities and leaders of Gombe state to establish peaceful coexistence and community development. In order to ... Sunday school manual and youth devotional. His committee has produced the new Book of Common Prayer and Hymnal for the Church ...
Children under 15 were to have their age recorded accurately, while those over 15 were to be rounded down to the nearest 5 ... "Significant developments in the scope and organisation of the census". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 29 May 2018. National ...
FF零式HD』の開発を手掛けたヘキサドライブ松下社長に直撃! 田畑Dとは『FFXV』でも……!? [Ask HexaDrive President Matsushita, who worked on the development of "FF Type ... A CGI feature film produced by the same team as Advent Children, Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV, was released in July 2016 in ... Versus XIII's development was headed by the team behind the console Kingdom Hearts games. Like XIII, the game was a PS3 ... The development of all games connected to the mythos was handled by Square Enix 1st Production Department.
This is especially important to remember when considering earmuffs for children. Muffs should make a good seal against the head ... Acton, W. Ian (1987). "History and development of hearing protection devices". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 81 ... Maine Secretary of State Kids' Page". Retrieved 2019-12-12. Long, Tony (2007-12-04). "Dec. 4, 1858: It Was Very ...
... the SAARC Development Fund, transport, information and communications technology development, science and technology, tourism, ... "SAARC Decade of the Girl Child", 1991 to be the "SAARC Year of Shelter", 1992 to be the "SAARC Year of the Environment", 1993 ... "SAARC Year of the Girl Child", set up a technical committee on education, and launched a regional plan called "SAARC-2000-A ... culture, the South Asian Free Trade Area, the SAARC Social Charter, women and children, education, combating terrorism, and the ...
... also contributed visual development on the Academy Award nominated animated feature The Breadwinner. On February 1 ... 1 in by children's entertainment industry magazine Kidscreen Hot 50 in the Production Category, and was voted in the top 10 in ...
Parents and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach the full potential for his or her health ... Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, behave, and move. Read about developments by age group. ... The early years of a childs life are very important for his or her health and development. Parents, health professionals, ... Learn about the importance of a childs early years for later health and development. ...
National Advisory Child Health and Human Development (NACHHD) Council * Current Council Meeting ... Exploring Factors and Contexts of Child Development NICHD research examines how factors, like technology, and contexts, like ... Training & Career Development * Support for Training at Universities and Other Institutions * Individual Research Fellowships ( ... Snapshot of Early Development Advances * Snapshot of Pregnancy & Infant Development Advances * Snapshot of Child Development ...
AND child [mh] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 1 Year [edat] NOT (letter[pt] OR case reports[pt] OR editorial[pt] OR ... Multiview child motor development dataset for AI-driven assessment of child development. Kim HH, Kim JY, Jang BK, Lee JH, Kim ... Child Development[majr:noexp] AND child [mh] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 1 Year [edat] NOT (letter[pt] OR case ... The Development and Validation of an Outdoor Free Play Scale for Preschool Children. Li S, Jiang Q, Deng C. Li S, et al. Int J ...
... for your child? Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Learn more. ... Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) * Its a Kids Job: Playing Helps Kids Learn ... Preschooler development (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * School-age children development (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ... Child Development is the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ...
1. I would like to register for YDEKCs Youth Survey Development workshop: Yes ... All about Youth Surveys: Most programs use surveys for evaluation, but the quality and usefulness of these tools vary. This ... Staff or leaders from YDEKC member organizations who are interested in adopting, creating, or revising a youth survey for ...
We are interested in the development of social, cognitive, and emotional intelligence abilities, which include emotion and self ... and biological factors influence these abilities in children and adults. Furthermore, we are interested in how these variables ... our research focuses on examining cultural and contextual factors that contribute to the development of social-emotional ...
Every child develops at their own pace. But if something concerns you, tell your doctor. Also, tell the doctor if your baby:. * ... Movement and Physical Development. *moves in response to sights and sounds. *rooting reflex: turns toward breast or bottle and ... Their reactions - being calmed by a parents embrace or startled by a loud sound - are examples of normal infant development. ...
During human development there are critical windows when we are especially sensitive to exposures or interventions that may ... Office of Capacity Development and Applied Prevention Science. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ... To access the Childhood Development, Resilience and the Environment module, please visit the Western States PEHSU module page ... To access the Childhood Development, Resilience and the Environment module, please visit the Western States PEHSU module page ...
The Child Development Academy at Marshall University focuses primarily on providing services to families with children age six ... Child Development Academy. The academy is conveniently located at 520 22nd Street, a close proximity to the Marshall University ... Currently, The Child Development Academy at Marshall University provides an early education program, parent support, and early ... The Child Development Academy at Marshall University also provides a training ground for Marshall University students. The ...
Summer Rising 2023 is a partnership between New York City Public Schools and the Department of Youth and Community Development ... 2023, we will be celebrating the 60th year of the Summer Youth Employment Program! To kick off the festivities, we want to hear ... DYCD employment programs help youth between the ages of 14 and 24 gain valuable work experience. ... DYCD employment programs help youth between the ages of 14 and 24 gain valuable work experience. ...
... and mental abilities of children ages 6 to 12 years. ... School-age child development describes the expected physical, ... School-age child development describes the expected physical, emotional, and mental abilities of children ages 6 to 12 years. ... LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT. Early school-age children should be able to use simple, but complete, sentences that contain an average ... PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT. School-age children most often have smooth and strong motor skills. However, their coordination ( ...
The department offers minors in Child Development, Human Ecology, and Youth and Adolescent Development. The department also ... B.S. programs are offered in Community and Family Services and two tracks in Child Development. A B.S.E. program is offered in ... Contributing to the development of the total person - academic, aesthetic, spiritual, social and physical. ...
About how many childrens books does (CHILD) have of (his/ her) own? Do not include the 2 childrens books that you received ... Child Development. Data Positions 44-75 Data Position: 44 [Q_32A1] A5A-SPOKE PARTIAL SENTENCE 5. Next, I will read a list of ... Most children have some fears. How fearful is (CHILD)? Would you say (he/she) has . . . PER- WGTED RESPONSE CODES FREQ CENT PCT ... As I read each one, please tell me if (CHILD) has ever done that activity. n) Has (CHILD) ever drawn a picture of a man or ...
The HEALthy Brain and Child Development (HBCD) Study aims to better understand and prevent the harms of prenatal and postnatal ... HEALthy Brain and Child Development Study Kickoff Meeting - Oct 17, 2019. *Expert Panel Meeting on Research Methodologies to ... The HEALthy Brain and Child Development (HBCD) Study will recruit a large cohort of pregnant women from regions of the country ... The long-term effects of perinatal exposure to opioids on infant and child development are unknown. ...
Child Development Center Volunteer. This is a one-time opportunity located in Bronx, New York. ... MMCC Child Development Center Volunteer. Under the general supervision of CDC staff, volunteers will assist CDC social service ... Volunteers will assist CDC Chef in the kitchen, helping to prep and serve meals to the kids. Volunteers must be 15-17 to ...
Were exploring what child development factors are being impacted by smartphones. ... Another plus for child development and participation in their own mental health is that therapy is now available online in both ... Children and cell phones. Compared to even 5 or 10 years ago, more and more kids are using smartphones, and theyre using them ... Meranda S. (2020). Examining the effect of smartphones on child development.. ...
Tag: child development. Self-care linked to greater confidence in parents of children with FASD. February 3, 2020 ... Rochester is participating in the largest long-term study of brain development and child health, following the biological and ... for the struggles of poor children and children of color," writes associate professor of history Mical Raz in a Washington Post ... Thirty percent of the refugees the U.S. takes in every year are children. A new Medical Center study shows that the ...
National Advisory Child Health and Human Development (NACHHD) Council * Current Council Meeting ... Exploring Factors and Contexts of Child Development NICHD research examines how factors, like technology, and contexts, like ... Training & Career Development * Support for Training at Universities and Other Institutions * Individual Research Fellowships ( ... Science Update: Children with hereditary developmental disorder have high levels of Alzheimer-associated proteins ...
Youth Soccer and Recreation Development Funded Projects. The California Youth Soccer and Recreation Development Grant Program ... The California Youth Soccer and Recreation Development Program Intent:. The intent of the Youth Soccer and Recreation ... to foster the Development of new Youth soccer, baseball, softball, and basketball recreation opportunities in the state.. ... Acquisition or development of land and/or facilities to improve the propertys public usage and access for new youth soccer, ...
is now hiring for the position of Green Jobs Youth Development Coordinator in New Haven. Apply today. ... The Green Jobs Youth Development program is a positive youth development program that provides opportunities for urban ... The Green Jobs Youth Development program is a positive youth development program that provides opportunities for urban ... ENTHUSIASM about the Mission of Solar Youth: energetic about advocating for and supporting youth, particularly Black youth, ...
The Easterseals Child Development Center prepares children for kindergarten success and enthusiasm for lifelong learning. We ... For nearly two decades, the Child Development Center at the National Archives has been serving children and families of ... Learn more about our team and how we select them to be a part of your childs growth and development. ... Get answers to our most frequently asked questions about our Child Development Centers. ...
... development and instruction of children in a child care and development program under the supervision of a Child Development ... Use the Child Development Permit Worksheet and the Child Development and School-Age Emphasis Matrix for guidance in comparing ... A Child Development Site Supervisor Permit authorizes the holder to supervise a child care and development program operating at ... A Child Development Program Director Permit authorizes the holder to supervise a child care and development program operated in ...
The Child Learning and Development Lab conducts basic research on child development, and we do not offer individual evaluations ... Will my childs data be kept confidential?. Your childs data will be kept confidential. Your childs name will never be used ... Where is the Child Learning and Development Lab located?. We are conveniently located on Amhersts campus, in the New Science ... All studies taking place at the Child Learning and Development Lab have been through a review process by Amherst Colleges ...
Submit questions about how to become an IB World School or enquire about our professional development opportunities. ...
... in the cognitive development of children to explore the impact of various transfer policies on the distribution of child ... and find that conditional cash transfers are the most cost efficient way to attain any given gain in average child quality in a ... "Transfers to Households with Children and Child Development," CHILD Working Papers Series 25, Centre for Household, Income, ... "Transfers to Households with Children and Child Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 11573, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers. ...
The Child Development Center serve the children, families, college students, faculty and community members of the Pasadena City ... Caring for the children of our students, faculty & staff, and community. The PCC Child Development Center serves both students ... We provide education and care for children, ages 4 months through 5 years old and work directly with the goals and objectives ...
Child Development 2011. />. Open Binder:. Click here to open this binder in a new window.. Your browser does not support ... I wanted to share this LiveBinder with you - Child Development 2011 - ... Child Development 2011 By: hellonewman. Student work from SGHS Child Development class, 2011. ... Student work from SGHS Child Development class, 2011 ... Student work from SGHS Child Development class, 2011. ...
The study aims to contribute to an understanding of the contextual environment in which a child grows and develops in such ... It is estimated that at least 200 million children--mostly from developing countries--suffer from developmental delays. ... Role of neighbourhoods in child growth and development: does place matter? Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jul;71(1):102-9. doi: 10.1016/j. ... We found that sub-optimal growth and development were prevalent among the studys children. Overall the mean psychomotor ...
... Certificate Program (.pdf). Child Development- Development Disabilities Certificate (.pdf). Child Development ... Child Development (AAS). Child Development (Certificate). Career Opportunities. **Child, Family, and School Social Workers. ** ... Child Development. The Child Development program provides the student an in-depth opportunity to study the overall development ... The Child Development Program is designed to prepare students to make a positive difference in the growing field of early ...
Child Development Center Staff. Our Hopes and Dreams. Our hopes and dreams for the program, children, families, and community ... I hope the children feel comfort and joy exploring our classrooms, halls, and outdoor spaces. All children have a unique way of ... I want the children to pursue their intellectual interests and build strong relationships. My dream is for the children to know ... I hope that all children have equal access to an early childhood program that embrace childrens interests and authentic ...
  • Nine babies and two educators from two child education centers participated. (
  • The discovery of morphological differences in the brainstem of infants who have died from SIDS indicates that such cases may represent immature development of centers responsible for arousal, cardiovascular, and respiratory functions. (
  • In order to receive continuing education (CE) for WB4516 Childhood Development, Resilience and the Environment please visit TCEO and follow these 9 Simple Steps before September 16, 2023. (
  • The early years of a child's life are very important for his or her health and development. (
  • Learn about the importance of a child's early years for later health and development. (
  • Any parent who tried to limit their child's screen time before the COVID-19 pandemic quickly saw those time limits explode as children had to spend hours learning in front of their devices. (
  • Holistic child development is tailored to a child's age, gender, health, culture and family situation. (
  • And although experts say that children ages 6 to 12 should get at least nine hours of sleep each day, it's been unclear how less sleep might affect a child's brain. (
  • Test users can therefore use a single measure across multiple years of a young child's development, which creates a stable baseline whilst allowing practitioners to map a child's development. (
  • Results appeared in Lancet Child & Adolescent Health on July 29, 2022. (
  • Cronje, J. , Green, E. and Stroud, L. (2022) Stability Reliability of the Griffiths Scales of Child Development (3 rd Edition). (
  • In a 2020 survey by the Pew Research Center , 60% of children were exposed to smartphones before age 5. (
  • Effects of sleep duration on neurocognitive development in early adolescents in the USA: a propensity score matched, longitudinal, observational study. (
  • Aim: To evaluate the dental development of Brazilian children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate. (
  • Methods: The sample consisted of 107 panoramic radiographs of children and adolescents with cleft lip and/or palate (cleft group) and 107 panoramic radiographs of children and adolescents without cleft lip and/or palate (control group), with chronological ages ranging from 6 to 15 years, matched in gender and chronological age within 60 days. (
  • A 2018 study of elementary school children found a correlation between increased screen time use and behavioral issues - like conduct problems, hyperactivity, and inattention. (
  • Presentation and discussion of the Implementation of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development in the Caribbean: A Review of the Period 2013-2018. (
  • This article focuses on child and adolescent development, and how development might influence children's safety in the occurrence of pediatric farm inju ries. (
  • SIDS may occur in infants and children younger than 16 months of age, but the peak incidence is between 2 and 4 months of age. (
  • and promotes positive outcomes for youth via opportunities to build leadership skills, develop positive relationships, and make meaningful change in their own lives. (
  • All children had at least one adverse outcome including feeding challenges, sleeping difficulties, severe motor impairment, vision and hearing abnormalities, and seizures, and these outcomes tended to co-occur. (
  • Outcomes for 2 Children after fed for 2 months. (
  • A Rochester study is the first to describe caregiver strategies for self-care and the obstacles and barriers parents face in raising children struggling with developmental, cognitive, and behavioral problems associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. (
  • Following review of developmental risks for child inju ry in agricul tural settings, the authors present a case study of a fatal youth tractor inju ry and provide illustrations of the child development factors that may have contributed to the death. (
  • The ability to track children in family finder apps is also an appeal to caregivers. (
  • Children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection have severe functional limitations and will require specialized care from clinicians and caregivers as they age. (
  • The children and their caregivers were evaluated by multidisciplinary teams at two state clinics in Campina Grande and João Pessoa (macroregions 1 and 2) in Paraíba state during August-October 2017. (
  • Parents and caregivers: need information on ways you can help your child cope with changes during COVID-19? (
  • To examine how and why a South-South capacity development and networking program for leadership , research , practice and advocacy on maternal new-born, child and adolescent health and health policy and systems strengthening in West Africa and Cameroon worked and identify lessons for low- and middle- income countries. (
  • A new study finds that what might have been described as "maladapted" behavior or a lack of self control may actually be beneficial and thoughtful behavior for children who have been raised in resource-poor environments. (
  • It may not surprise you that 95% of families with children under age 8 had at least one smartphone in the house, according to an independent research company, Common Sense. (
  • Christie Petrenko discusses her research and clinical interventions with children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their families. (
  • These data allow for anticipation of medical and social services needs of affected children and families, such as early intervention services, and planning for resources to support these families in healthcare and community settings. (
  • Their reactions - being calmed by a parent's embrace or startled by a loud sound - are examples of normal infant development. (
  • 2 Association for Research in Infant and Child Development, Birmingham, UK . (
  • Genetic patterning for child psychopathology is distinct from that for adults and implicates fetal cerebellar development. (
  • Rochester is participating in the largest long-term study of brain development and child health, following the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children from ages 9-10 through early adulthood. (
  • This can also be the time that parents or teachers recognize learning disabilities or behavioral problems in children. (
  • The researchers found that children in the insufficient sleep group at the start of the study had more mental health and behavioral challenges than those who got sufficient sleep. (
  • Although children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection have been described in early infancy, the subsequent health and development in young children have not been well characterized, constraining planning for the care of these children. (
  • The growth and development of 19 children, aged 19-24 months, with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection were thoroughly assessed. (
  • Children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection face medical and functional challenges that span many areas of development, some of which become more evident as children age. (
  • Nineteen children with microcephaly at birth and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection were assessed through clinical evaluations, caregiver interviews, and review of medical records. (
  • The case-control investigation assessed the association of Zika virus infection and microcephaly among children aged 1-7 months, living in Paraíba state. (
  • This report describes a subsample of 19 children, aged 19-24 months, who participated in ZODIAC and were born with microcephaly and with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection. (
  • The Child Development Assistant Permit is issued for five years and is renewable for successive five year periods upon completion of 105 hours of professional growth. (
  • Child/human growth and development. (
  • However, neurodevelopment for both children was growth remained within -2 SD for weight (10,725 g) and age appropriate. (
  • We work primarily through child sponsorship, but also have specific initiatives to help babies and mothers, to develop future leaders, and to meet critical needs. (
  • Compassion Survival focuses on promoting development and survival of the most vulnerable babies, while also providing education and support for the mother or primary caregiver. (
  • Therefore, it was sought to evaluate the bonding between educators and babies and its relationship with child development. (
  • Babies development, in both moments, kept in or above the expected. (
  • Get information on country economic data and analysis, development assistance, and regional initiatives. (
  • The event also included a presentation from local youth who have participated in financial capability initiatives. (
  • On May 9, 2013, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Mission SF Community Financial Center held an interactive convening that discussed new efforts to connect working youth and young adults to the financial mainstream and identified ways to overcome challenges in reaching this vital demographic. (
  • Some experts believe there are opportunities in exposing younger children to smartphones. (
  • There are almost 20 million employed youth in the U.S., and younger households are more likely to be unbanked. (
  • The case highlights the importance of participatory processes and describes how an innovative approach to outsourcing youth welfare services to civil service providers was introduced. (
  • It further assists in identifying relative areas of strength and weakness for a child that allows for the creation of focussed development practices that are tailored to the specific child. (
  • A new study adds to evidence that benefits for unborn children outweigh the risks of fish consumption by their mothers during pregnancy. (
  • Did the Millennium Development Goals Change Trends in Child Mortality? (
  • Another plus for child development and participation in their own mental health is that therapy is now available online in both chat and video form , which can be more comfortable for some older kids and teens. (
  • Meeting participants will identify actions to ensure greater attention to youth issues, and youth participation, in sectoral policies and international development frameworks. (
  • The Caribbean forum will identify actions to promote greater attention to youth, and youth participation, within the implementation, monitoring and follow-up of two important development frameworks: the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development. (
  • They took advantage of data being collected in NIH's ongoing Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. (
  • The children with insufficient sleep also had impaired cognitive functions such as decision making, conflict solving, working memory, and learning. (
  • The roles of physical, perceptual, cognitive, and social development are reviewed and discussed, as are relevant sociocultural factors. (
  • During human development there are critical windows when we are especially sensitive to exposures or interventions that may have a lifelong impact on health. (
  • The programme made good progress in implementing many but not all planned capacity development and networking activities. (
  • ADB supports projects in developing member countries that create economic and development impact, delivered through both public and private sector operations, advisory services, and knowledge support. (
  • In respect of the SDGs, it will afford the multiple stakeholders involved in supporting the planning, implementation and monitoring of youth-related SDGs in the Caribbean with an opportunity to design a Caribbean Youth Platform for the SDGs, in order to support member States and youth in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. (
  • Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach their full potential. (
  • The Brazilian MOH, the State Health Secretariat of Paraíba, and CDC collaborated on a follow-up investigation of the health and development of children in northeastern Brazil who were reported to national surveillance with microcephaly at birth. (
  • The Child Development Careers Diploma program is designed to prepare individuals for employment in entry-level early childhood education positions. (
  • It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development. (
  • For more information on engaging working youth in the financial mainstream, read the latest research report, " Increasing Financial Capability among Economically Vulnerable Youth: MY Path . (
  • Child Development Site Supervisor Permit. (
  • A Child Development Assistant Permit authorizes the holder to care for and assist in the development and instruction of children in a child care and development program under the supervision of a Child Development Permit (CDP) Associate Teacher, CDP Teacher, CDP Master Teacher, CDP Site Supervisor, or CDP Program Director. (
  • The intent of the Youth Soccer and Recreation Development program is to provide financial assistance to Local Agencies and Community-Based Organizations to foster the Development of new Youth soccer, baseball, softball, and basketball recreation opportunities in the state. (
  • The Green Jobs Youth Development program is a positive youth development program that provides opportunities for urban teenagers in New Haven. (
  • This program provides inner-city youth with positive supports and challenging opportunities to understand, appreciate, and ultimately affect change in their local environment, all while building the skills and motivations to become confident, capable individuals prepared for the future. (
  • Child Development Program Director Permit. (
  • Complete an approved Home Economics and Related Occupations (HERO) or Regional Occupation Program (ROP) in Child Development Related Occupations. (
  • A Child Development Associate Teacher Permit authorizes the holder to provide service in the care, development, and instruction of children in a child care and development program, and supervise a CDP Assistant, and an aide. (
  • The Child Development Careers Associate of Applied Science (AAS) Degree program is designed to prepare individuals for employment as a teacher in a variety of early childhood settings. (
  • Each of our other Child Development Careers programs begin with the courses in the Certificate program. (
  • In a world where hundreds of millions of children live in extreme poverty, connecting one child with one sponsor is the most strategic way to end child poverty. (
  • Improved measurement in early child development (ECD) is a strategic focus of the WHO, UNICEF and World Bank Nurturing Care Framework. (
  • Acquisition or development of land and/or facilities to improve the property's public usage and access for new youth soccer, baseball, softball and basketball opportunities. (
  • Some children begin puberty or are close to it before they are teenagers. (
  • Development of Emergency Department guidelines for the reporting and evaluation of SUID, in collaboration with the local medical examiner and child death review teams, will enable ED practitioners to collect important information in a compassionate manner that will be valuable to the investigating personnel. (
  • But keeping a smartphone away from your elementary school child can be incredibly challenging. (
  • Having a smartphone is a status symbol to many elementary school children," explains Lazar. (
  • Meeting participants will also identify actions to further the implementation of the Montevideo Consensus in the Caribbean with a particular focus on the way in which population and development issues impact upon youth. (
  • The recommendations from the Caribbean forum will be presented at the Third Session of the Regional Conference on Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean and will guide the further implementation of the Montevideo Consensus. (
  • Regular opportunities for outdoor leadership, hands-on environmental education, job skills and personal development and goal setting opportunities are included. (
  • The Green Jobs Coordinator recruits and leads teen interns, providing them with opportunities for outdoor leadership, hands-on environmental education, job skills, personal development and goal setting. (
  • Submit questions about how to become an IB World School or enquire about our professional development opportunities. (
  • Holistic child development provides opportunities that encourage the healthy development of all aspects of a child - spiritually, physically, socially, emotionally, and even economically - early and throughout life. (
  • The School Age Emphasis Authorization may be added to any level Child Development Permit and authorizes the holder to provide all services authorized by the holder's Child Development Permit and to provide services in the care, development, and instruction of children in before-school, after-school, and other school-age child care programs. (
  • To help young people finish well we provide youth ages 12 and older with customized training and educational paths according to their own unique potential, and God-given talents and purpose. (
  • Earning a paycheck is a critical teachable moment and presents a unique opportunity to provide youth with access to financial education and quality financial products. (
  • The forum is being jointly convened by the Caribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) with the collaboration of the CARICOM Youth Ambassador Corps (CYAs), the Caribbean Regional Youth Council (CRYC) and the University of the West Indies' Students Today, Alumni Tomorrow (UWI STAT). (
  • Young children can learn a lot from programming like Sesame Street, and foster relationships with family members who aren't necessarily present. (
  • The general belief, though, is that screen time should be limited for very young children. (
  • Excessive screen time can mess with sleep hygiene and leave young children sitting still instead of getting up to play or move. (
  • Students will learn about child development, guidance, health and safety, professional relations, and strategies for promoting learning in young children. (
  • Learn how to keep children safe from danger and from becoming dangerous themselves. (
  • There's still a lot we need to learn about how smartphones can affect a baby's development - or how filters could warp a tot's reality and self-perception. (
  • Through our neighborhood-based programs, youth explore their environment, learn the skills and joys of being agents of positive change, and teach what they have learned to others (Kids Explore! (
  • a) Has (CHILD) ever spoken in a partial sentence of 3 words or more? (
  • A smartphone camera is not a mirror, but at a certain point, a child will recognize themselves. (
  • Complete six semester units of early childhood education or child development course work. (
  • School-Age Emphasis under this option requires that three of the six semester units in early childhood education/child development be completed in school-age course work. (