Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Play and Playthings
Child Behavior Disorders
Mercury Poisoning, Nervous System
Child Nutrition Disorders
Early Intervention (Education)
Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous
Language Development Disorders
Community Health Nursing
Dental Care for Children
Reproducibility of Results
Guidelines as Topic
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Child Nutrition Sciences
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Severity of Illness Index
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Developmental and paediatric care of the pre-school child. (1/3516)Through an Upjohn Travelling Fellowship I visited 27 experts in childcare and sought their opinions on the privileges, possibilities, and problems in organising developmental and paediatric care for pre-school children in the United Kingdom.The role of the general practitioner was seen by many of the experts clearly. How he is to play it is shrouded in uncertainty. Research is urgently needed both on the tools of surveillance and on the different methods of arranging care. (+info)
Predicting developmental outcomes at school entry using a multiple-risk model: four American communities. The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2/3516)The contributions of different risk factors in predicting children's psychological and academic outcomes at the end of 1st grade were examined. Using a regression model, levels of ecobehavioral risk were assessed in the following order: specific demographics, broad demographics, family psychosocial status, mother's depressive symptoms, and neighborhood quality. Participants were 337 families from 4 American communities. Predictor variables were assessed in kindergarten, and teacher, parent, and child outcomes (behavioral and academic) were assessed at the end of 1st grade. Results indicated that (a) each level of analysis contributed to prediction of most outcomes, (b) 18%-29% of the variance was predicted in outcomes, (c) a common set of predictors predicted numerous outcomes, (d) ethnicity showed little unique prediction, and (e) the quality of the neighborhood showed small but unique prediction to externalizing problems. (+info)
Health needs of preschool children. (3/3516)An epidemiological study of disease in a geographically identified population of 250 children is reported. 22% had not seen their general practitioner (GP) at all in the past year, while 20% had seen him four times or more. The vast majority of these visits were because of an infective illness; and developmental and behavioural problems were rarely presented to GPs. 53% of children had not been to hospital since birth, but 11% had been at least four times. Respiratory infections and middle ear disease were the commonest illness reported, and nearly 3% had an infected or discharging ear at the time of examination. 15% of 3 year olds had speech and language problems. 18% of children over 2 years were thought by the examiners to have a behavioural problem, half being assessed as mild, the remainder as moderate or severe. (+info)
Family factors affecting child development. (4/3516)In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life. (+info)
Growth hormone treatment in young children with Down's syndrome: effects on growth and psychomotor development. (5/3516)BACKGROUND: Learning disability and short stature are cardinal signs of Down's syndrome. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), regulated by growth hormone (GH) from about 6 months of age, may be involved in brain development. AIMS: To study long term effects of GH on linear growth and psychomotor development in young children with Down's syndrome. Study design-Fifteen children with Down's syndrome were treated with GH for three years from the age of 6 to 9 months (mean, 7.4). Linear growth, psychomotor development, skeletal maturation, serum concentrations of IGF-I and its binding proteins (BPs), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of IGF-II were studied. RESULTS: The mean height of the study group increased from -1.8 to -0.8 SDS (Swedish standard) during treatment, whereas that of a Down's syndrome control group fell from -1.7 to -2.2 SDS. Growth velocity declined after treatment stopped. Head growth did not accelerate during treatment. No significant difference in mental or gross motor development was found. The low concentrations of serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 became normal during GH treatment. CONCLUSIONS: GH treatment results in normal growth velocity in Down's syndrome but does not affect head circumference or mental or gross motor development. Growth velocity declines after treatment stops. (+info)
Infants' learning about words and sounds in relation to objects. (6/3516)In acquiring language, babies learn not only that people can communicate about objects and events, but also that they typically use a particular kind of act as the communicative signal. The current studies asked whether 1-year-olds' learning of names during joint attention is guided by the expectation that names will be in the form of spoken words. In the first study, 13-month-olds were introduced to either a novel word or a novel sound-producing action (using a small noisemaker). Both the word and the sound were produced by a researcher as she showed the baby a new toy during a joint attention episode. The baby's memory for the link between the word or sound and the object was tested in a multiple choice procedure. Thirteen-month-olds learned both the word-object and sound-object correspondences, as evidenced by their choosing the target reliably in response to hearing the word or sound on test trials, but not on control trials when no word or sound was present. In the second study, 13-month-olds, but not 20-month-olds, learned a new sound-object correspondence. These results indicate that infants initially accept a broad range of signals in communicative contexts and narrow the range with development. (+info)
Risk factors for strabismus in children born before 32 weeks' gestation. (7/3516)AIM: To investigate risk factors associated with strabismus in children born prematurely. METHODS: Prospective study of all children born before 32 weeks' gestation between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1991 in a geographically defined population of approximately 3 million in the Northern Region of the United Kingdom. All children were examined aged 2 years by the same ophthalmologist and paediatrician. RESULTS: 558 children (98.6% of study group) were examined. Logistic regression showed an increased risk of strabismus in children with cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity (p=0.02), refractive error (p=0.003), family history of strabismus (p<0.0001), and poor neurodevelopmental outcome (p<0.0001), in particular impaired locomotor skills (p=0.008) and hand-eye coordination (p=0. 001). Gestational age and regressed acute ROP were not independent risk factors for strabismus (p=0.92 and 0.85 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified factors which are independently related to strabismus (although not necessarily causative) and others which are related only indirectly. This may contribute both to the management of children born prematurely and to future studies of the aetiology of strabismus. (+info)
Bethlem myopathy: a slowly progressive congenital muscular dystrophy with contractures. (8/3516)Bethlem myopathy is an early-onset benign autosomal dominant myopathy with contractures caused by mutations in collagen type VI genes. It has been reported that onset occurs in early childhood. We investigated the natural course of Bethlem myopathy in five previously published kindreds and two novel pedigrees, with particular attention to the mode of onset in 23 children and the progression of weakness in 36 adult patients. Our analysis shows that nearly all children exhibit weakness or contractures during the first 2 years of life. Early features include diminished foetal movements, neonatal hypotonia and congenital contractures which are of a dynamic nature during childhood. The course of Bethlem myopathy in adult patients is less benign than previously thought. Due to slow but ongoing progression, more than two-thirds of patients over 50 years of age use a wheelchair. (+info)
Developmental disabilities can include a wide range of diagnoses, such as:
1. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurological disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
2. Intellectual Disability (ID): A condition in which an individual's cognitive abilities are below average, affecting their ability to learn, reason, and communicate.
3. Down Syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, characterized by intellectual disability, delayed speech and language development, and a distinctive physical appearance.
4. Cerebral Palsy (CP): A group of disorders that affect movement, balance, and posture, often resulting from brain injury or abnormal development during fetal development or early childhood.
5. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
6. Learning Disabilities: Conditions that affect an individual's ability to learn and process information, such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
7. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): An injury to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head, often resulting in cognitive, emotional, and physical impairments.
8. Severe Hearing or Vision Loss: A condition in which an individual experiences significant loss of hearing or vision, affecting their ability to communicate and interact with their environment.
9. Multiple Disabilities: A condition in which an individual experiences two or more developmental disabilities simultaneously, such as intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder.
10. Undiagnosed Developmental Delay (UDD): A condition in which an individual experiences delays in one or more areas of development, but does not meet the diagnostic criteria for a specific developmental disability.
These conditions can have a profound impact on an individual's quality of life, and it is important to provide appropriate support and accommodations to help them reach their full potential.
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects can affect various aspects of the child's development, including:
1. Physical growth and development: PDEDs can lead to changes in the child's physical growth patterns, such as reduced birth weight, short stature, or delayed puberty.
2. Brain development: Prenatal exposure to certain substances can affect brain development, leading to learning disabilities, memory problems, and cognitive delays.
3. Behavioral and emotional development: Children exposed to PDEDs may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, depression, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
4. Immune system functioning: Prenatal exposure to certain substances can affect the immune system's development, making children more susceptible to infections and autoimmune diseases.
5. Reproductive health: Exposure to certain chemicals during fetal development may disrupt the reproductive system, leading to fertility problems or an increased risk of infertility later in life.
The diagnosis of Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects often requires a comprehensive medical history and physical examination, as well as specialized tests such as imaging studies or laboratory assessments. Treatment for PDEDs typically involves addressing the underlying cause of exposure and providing appropriate interventions to manage any associated symptoms or developmental delays.
In summary, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects can have a profound impact on a child's growth, development, and overall health later in life. It is essential for healthcare providers to be aware of the potential risks and to monitor children exposed to substances during fetal development for any signs of PDEDs. With early diagnosis and appropriate interventions, it may be possible to mitigate or prevent some of these effects and improve outcomes for affected children.
1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A disorder marked by a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior toward authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder (CD): A disorder characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the child violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.
4. Anxiety Disorders: A group of disorders that cause excessive fear, worry, or anxiety that interferes with daily life.
5. Mood Disorders: A group of disorders that affect a child's mood, causing them to feel sad, hopeless, or angry for extended periods of time.
6. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.
7. Tourette Syndrome: A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic, often involving involuntary sounds or words.
8. Selective Mutism: A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive fear of speaking in certain situations, such as school or social events.
9. Separation Anxiety Disorder: A disorder characterized by excessive and persistent anxiety related to separation from home or loved ones.
10. Disruptive Behavior Disorders: A group of disorders that include ODD, CD, and conduct disorder, which are characterized by a pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.
These disorders can be challenging to diagnose and treat, but early identification and intervention can make a significant difference in a child's outcome. It is important for parents and caregivers to seek professional help if they notice any signs of these disorders in their child.
1. Muscle weakness and twitching
2. Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
3. Difficulty walking or maintaining balance
4. Memory loss and confusion
5. Slurred speech and difficulty with concentration
6. Mood changes, such as irritability and anxiety
8. Headaches and tremors.
If you suspect that you have been exposed to mercury or are experiencing symptoms of mercury poisoning, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. A healthcare professional will perform a physical examination and may order laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the damage. Treatment for mercury poisoning typically involves removing the source of exposure and providing supportive care to manage symptoms. In severe cases, chelation therapy may be used to remove excess mercury from the body.
Child nutrition disorders refer to a range of conditions that affect the health and development of children, primarily caused by poor nutrition or dietary imbalances. These disorders can have short-term and long-term consequences on a child's physical and mental health, academic performance, and overall quality of life.
Types of Child Nutrition Disorders:
1. Malnutrition: A condition where the body does not receive enough nutrients to maintain proper growth and development. It can be caused by inadequate dietary intake, digestive problems, or other underlying medical conditions.
2. Obesity: Excess body fat that can impair health and increase the risk of various diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and joint problems.
3. Iron Deficiency Anemia: A condition where the body does not have enough red blood cells due to a lack of iron, which is essential for producing hemoglobin.
4. Vitamin D Deficiency: A condition where the body does not have enough vitamin D, which is necessary for bone health and immune system function.
5. Food Allergies: An immune response to specific foods that can cause a range of symptoms, from mild discomfort to life-threatening reactions. Common food allergens include peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, milk, eggs, wheat, and soy.
6. Coeliac Disease: An autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to react to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, leading to damage of the small intestine and nutrient deficiencies.
7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): A condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing heartburn, chest pain, and difficulty swallowing.
8. Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders: A group of conditions characterized by inflammation and eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and difficulty swallowing.
9. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A common condition characterized by recurring abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhea.
10. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): A group of chronic conditions that cause inflammation in the digestive tract, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
11. Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions characterized by symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits, but no visible signs of inflammation or structural abnormalities. Examples include functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
12. Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders: Conditions that affect the movement of food through the digestive system, such as gastroparesis (slowed stomach emptying) and hypermobile gut syndrome (excessively loose joints).
13. Neurogastroenterology: The study of the interaction between the nervous system and the gastrointestinal system, including conditions such as functional dyspepsia and gastroparesis.
14. Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions that affect children, such as pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and feeding disorders.
15. Geriatric Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions that affect older adults, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and dementia, which can impact digestion and nutrition.
These are just a few examples of the many different types of gastrointestinal disorders that exist. Each condition has its unique set of symptoms and characteristics, and may require different treatment approaches.
Postpartum depression is estimated to affect up to 15% of new mothers, although the actual number may be higher due to underreporting. It usually develops within the first few months after delivery, but can sometimes last longer.
The exact cause of postpartum depression is not known, but it is believed to be related to changes in hormone levels and other physical and emotional factors associated with childbirth. Risk factors include a history of depression or anxiety, lack of support, and stressful life events.
Symptoms of postpartum depression can vary from mild to severe and may include:
* Persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and helplessness
* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed
* Changes in appetite and sleep patterns
* Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
* Thoughts of harming oneself or the baby
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Postpartum depression can be treated with therapy, medication, or a combination of both. With proper treatment, most women with postpartum depression can recover and go on to lead healthy and fulfilling lives.
There are several types of LDDs, including:
1. Expressive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with verbal expression, including difficulty with word choice, sentence structure, and coherence.
2. Receptive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with understanding spoken language, including difficulty with comprehending vocabulary, grammar, and tone of voice.
3. Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder: This condition is characterized by both receptive and expressive language difficulties.
4. Language Processing Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with processing language, including difficulty with auditory processing, syntax, and semantics.
5. Social Communication Disorder: This condition is characterized by difficulty with social communication, including difficulty with understanding and using language in social contexts, eye contact, facial expressions, and body language.
Causes of LDDs include:
1. Genetic factors: Some LDDs may be inherited from parents or grandparents.
2. Brain injury: Traumatic brain injury or stroke can damage the areas of the brain responsible for language processing.
3. Infections: Certain infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can damage the brain and result in LDDs.
4. Nutritional deficiencies: Severe malnutrition or a lack of certain nutrients, such as vitamin B12, can lead to LDDs.
5. Environmental factors: Exposure to toxins, such as lead, and poverty can increase the risk of developing an LDD.
Signs and symptoms of LDDs include:
1. Difficulty with word retrieval
2. Incomplete or inappropriate sentences
3. Difficulty with comprehension
4. Limited vocabulary
5. Difficulty with understanding abstract concepts
6. Difficulty with social communication
7. Delayed language development compared to peers
8. Difficulty with speech sounds and articulation
9. Stuttering or repetition of words
10. Limited eye contact and facial expressions
Treatment for LDDs depends on the underlying cause and may include:
1. Speech and language therapy to improve communication skills
2. Cognitive training to improve problem-solving and memory skills
3. Occupational therapy to improve daily living skills
4. Physical therapy to improve mobility and balance
5. Medication to manage symptoms such as anxiety or depression
6. Surgery to repair any physical abnormalities or damage to the brain.
It is important to note that each individual with an LDD may have a unique combination of strengths, weaknesses, and challenges, and treatment plans should be tailored to meet their specific needs. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to improving outcomes for individuals with LDDs.
1. Preeclampsia: A condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy, which can lead to complications such as stroke or premature birth.
2. Gestational diabetes: A type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, which can cause complications for both the mother and the baby if left untreated.
3. Placenta previa: A condition in which the placenta is located low in the uterus, covering the cervix, which can cause bleeding and other complications.
4. Premature labor: Labor that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation, which can increase the risk of health problems for the baby.
5. Fetal distress: A condition in which the fetus is not getting enough oxygen, which can lead to serious health problems or even death.
6. Postpartum hemorrhage: Excessive bleeding after delivery, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.
7. Cesarean section (C-section) complications: Complications that may arise during a C-section, such as infection or bleeding.
8. Maternal infections: Infections that the mother may contract during pregnancy or childbirth, such as group B strep or urinary tract infections.
9. Preterm birth: Birth that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation, which can increase the risk of health problems for the baby.
10. Chromosomal abnormalities: Genetic disorders that may affect the baby's growth and development, such as Down syndrome or Turner syndrome.
It is important for pregnant women to receive regular prenatal care to monitor for any potential complications and ensure a healthy pregnancy outcome. In some cases, pregnancy complications may require medical interventions, such as hospitalization or surgery, to ensure the safety of both the mother and the baby.
Prevalence: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide, affecting approximately 1.6 billion people, with women being more likely to be affected than men.
Causes: The main cause of iron deficiency anemia is a diet that does not provide enough iron. Other causes include:
* Poor absorption of iron from the diet
* Increased demand for iron due to growth or pregnancy
* Blood loss due to menstruation, internal bleeding, or surgery
* Chronic diseases such as kidney disease, cancer, and rheumatoid arthritis
Signs and symptoms: The signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anemia may include:
* Fatigue and weakness
* Pale skin
* Shortness of breath
* Dizziness or lightheadedness
* Cold hands and feet
Diagnosis: Iron deficiency anemia is diagnosed based on a physical exam, medical history, and laboratory tests, including:
* Complete blood count (CBC) to check for low red blood cell count and low hemoglobin level
* Serum iron and transferrin tests to check for low iron levels
* Ferritin test to check for low iron stores
Treatment: Treatment of iron deficiency anemia involves correcting the underlying cause, which may include:
* Dietary changes to increase iron intake
* Iron supplements to replenish iron stores
* Addressing any underlying causes such as bleeding or malabsorption
Complications: Iron deficiency anemia can lead to complications such as:
* Heart failure
* Increased risk of infections
* Poor cognitive function and development in children
Prevention: Preventing iron deficiency anemia involves consuming enough iron through a balanced diet, avoiding foods that inhibit iron absorption, and addressing any underlying causes. It is also important to maintain good overall health, including managing chronic conditions such as bleeding or malabsorption.
Low birth weight is defined as less than 2500 grams (5 pounds 8 ounces) and is associated with a higher risk of health problems, including respiratory distress, infection, and developmental delays. Premature birth is also a risk factor for low birth weight, as premature infants may not have had enough time to grow to a healthy weight before delivery.
On the other hand, high birth weight is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia, a condition in which the baby is significantly larger than average and may require a cesarean section (C-section) or assisted delivery. Macrosomia can also increase the risk of injury to the mother during delivery.
Birth weight can be influenced by various factors during pregnancy, including maternal nutrition, prenatal care, and fetal growth patterns. However, it is important to note that birth weight alone is not a definitive indicator of a baby's health or future development. Other factors, such as the baby's overall physical condition, Apgar score (a measure of the baby's well-being at birth), and postnatal care, are also important indicators of long-term health outcomes.
1. Autism spectrum disorder: Children with autism spectrum disorder struggle with social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors. They may also have delays or impairments in language development, cognitive and social skills.
2. Rett syndrome: A rare genetic condition that affects girls almost exclusively. Children with Rett syndrome typically develop normally for the first six months of life before losing skills and experiencing difficulties with communication, movement and other areas of functioning.
3. Childhood disintegrative disorder: This is a rare condition in which children develop normally for at least two years before suddenly losing their language and social skills. Children with this disorder may also experience difficulty with eye contact, imitation and imagination.
4. Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): A diagnosis that is given to children who display some but not all of the characteristic symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. Children with PDD-NOS may have difficulties in social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors.
5. Other specified and unspecified pervasive developmental disorders: This category includes a range of rare conditions that affect children's development and functioning. Examples include;
a) Fragile X syndrome: A genetic condition associated with intellectual disability, behavioral challenges and physical characteristics such as large ears and a long face.
b) Williams syndrome: A rare genetic condition that affects about one in 10,000 children. It is characterized by heart problems, developmental delays and difficulties with social interaction and communication.
These disorders can have a significant impact on the child's family and caregivers, requiring early intervention and ongoing support to help the child reach their full potential.
Pervasive child development disorder is a broad term used to describe a range of conditions that affect children's social communication and behavioral development. There are five main types of pervasive developmental disorders:
1. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Children with ASD may have a hard time understanding other people's perspectives, initiating or maintaining conversations and developing and maintaining relationships. They may also exhibit repetitive behaviors such as hand flapping, rocking or repeating words or phrases.
2. Rett syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that affects girls almost exclusively. It is characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors, as well as physical symptoms such as seizures, tremors and muscle weakness. Children with Rett syndrome may also experience anxiety, depression and sleep disturbances.
3. Childhood disintegrative disorder: A rare condition in which children develop typically for the first few years of life, but then lose their language and social skills and exhibit autistic-like behaviors.
4. Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): A diagnosis given to children who exhibit some, but not all, of the symptoms of ASD. Children with PDD-NOS may have difficulty with social interaction and communication, but do not meet the criteria for a full diagnosis of ASD.
5. Asperger's disorder: A milder form of autism that is characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, but not with language development. Children with Asperger's disorder may have trouble understanding other people's perspectives, developing and maintaining relationships and exhibiting repetitive behaviors.
it's important to note that these categories are not exhaustive and there is some overlap between them. Additionally, each individual with a pervasive developmental disorder may experience a unique set of symptoms and challenges.
Some common types of mental disorders include:
1. Anxiety disorders: These conditions cause excessive worry, fear, or anxiety that interferes with daily life. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
2. Mood disorders: These conditions affect a person's mood, causing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anger that persist for weeks or months. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
3. Personality disorders: These conditions involve patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from the norm of the average person. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
4. Psychotic disorders: These conditions cause a person to lose touch with reality, resulting in delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized thinking. Examples include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and brief psychotic disorder.
5. Trauma and stressor-related disorders: These conditions develop after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Dissociative disorders: These conditions involve a disconnection or separation from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Examples include dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) and depersonalization disorder.
7. Neurodevelopmental disorders: These conditions affect the development of the brain and nervous system, leading to symptoms such as difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Rett syndrome.
Mental disorders can be diagnosed by a mental health professional using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which provides criteria for each condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy, depending on the specific disorder and individual needs.
Asthma can cause recurring episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms occur when the muscles surrounding the airways contract, causing the airways to narrow and swell. This can be triggered by exposure to environmental allergens or irritants such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or respiratory infections.
There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Treatment typically includes inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, bronchodilators to open up the airways, and rescue medications to relieve symptoms during an asthma attack.
Asthma is a common condition that affects people of all ages, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children. According to the American Lung Association, more than 25 million Americans have asthma, and it is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 18.
While there is no cure for asthma, early diagnosis and proper treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for those affected by the condition.
Some common types of growth disorders include:
1. Growth hormone deficiency (GHD): A condition in which the body does not produce enough growth hormone, leading to short stature and slow growth.
2. Turner syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects females, causing short stature, incomplete sexual development, and other health problems.
3. Prader-Willi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that causes excessive hunger, obesity, and other physical and behavioral abnormalities.
4. Chronic kidney disease (CKD): A condition in which the kidneys gradually lose function over time, leading to growth retardation and other health problems.
5. Thalassemia: A genetic disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin, leading to anemia, fatigue, and other health problems.
6. Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to slow growth and other health problems.
7. Cushing's syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that can cause rapid growth and obesity.
8. Marfan syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects the body's connective tissue, causing tall stature, long limbs, and other physical abnormalities.
9. Noonan syndrome: A genetic disorder that affects the development of the heart, lungs, and other organs, leading to short stature and other health problems.
10. Williams syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that causes growth delays, cardiovascular problems, and other health issues.
Growth disorders can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as hormone level assessments or genetic testing. Treatment depends on the specific condition and may include medication, hormone therapy, surgery, or other interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for individuals with growth disorders.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) defines Autistic Disorder as a pervasive developmental disorder that meets the following criteria:
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including:
1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity (e.g., abnormal or absent eye contact, impaired understanding of facial expressions, delayed or lack of response to social overtures).
2. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships (e.g., difficulty initiating or sustaining conversations, impairment in understanding social norms, rules, and expectations).
3. Deficits in using nonverbal behaviors to regulate social interaction (e.g., difficulty with eye contact, facial expressions, body language, gestures).
B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
1. Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech (e.g., hand flapping, head banging, repeating words or phrases).
2. Insistence on sameness, inflexibility, and adherence to routines or rituals.
3. Preoccupation with specific interests or activities that are repeated in a rigid and restricted manner (e.g., preoccupation with a particular topic, excessive focus on a specific activity).
C. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period and significantly impact social, occupational, or other areas of functioning.
D. The symptoms do not occur exclusively during a medical or neurological condition (e.g., intellectual disability, hearing loss).
It is important to note that Autistic Disorder is a spectrum disorder and individuals with this diagnosis may have varying degrees of severity in their symptoms. Additionally, there are several other Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs) that have similar diagnostic criteria but may differ in severity and presentation. These include:
A. Asperger's Disorder: Characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, but without the presence of significant delay or retardation in language development.
B. Rett Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
C. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: Characterized by a loss of language and social skills that occurs after a period of normal development.
It is important to consult with a qualified professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
There are several types of diarrhea, including:
1. Acute diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is short-term and usually resolves on its own within a few days. It can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, food poisoning, or medication side effects.
2. Chronic diarrhea: This type of diarrhea persists for more than 4 weeks and can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or celiac disease.
3. Diarrhea-predominant IBS: This type of diarrhea is characterized by frequent, loose stools and abdominal pain or discomfort. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, hormonal changes, and certain foods.
4. Infectious diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection and can be spread through contaminated food and water, close contact with an infected person, or by consuming contaminated food.
Symptoms of diarrhea may include:
* Frequent, loose, and watery stools
* Abdominal cramps and pain
* Bloating and gas
* Nausea and vomiting
* Fever and chills
* Fatigue and weakness
Diagnosis of diarrhea is typically made through a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms. Treatment for diarrhea depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medications, fluid replacement, and dietary changes. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat any complications.
Prevention of diarrhea includes:
* Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
* Properly storing and cooking food to prevent contamination
* Drinking safe water and avoiding contaminated water sources
* Avoiding raw or undercooked meat, poultry, and seafood
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea
Complications of diarrhea can include:
* Dehydration: Diarrhea can lead to a loss of fluids and electrolytes, which can cause dehydration. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
* Electrolyte imbalance: Diarrhea can also cause an imbalance of electrolytes in the body, which can lead to serious complications.
* Inflammation of the intestines: Prolonged diarrhea can cause inflammation of the intestines, which can lead to abdominal pain and other complications.
* Infections: Diarrhea can be a symptom of an infection, such as a bacterial or viral infection. If left untreated, these infections can lead to serious complications.
* Malnutrition: Prolonged diarrhea can lead to malnutrition and weight loss, which can have long-term effects on health and development.
Treatment of diarrhea will depend on the underlying cause, but may include:
* Fluid replacement: Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and replace lost electrolytes.
* Anti-diarrheal medications: Over-the-counter or prescription medications to slow down bowel movements and reduce diarrhea.
* Antibiotics: If the diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection.
* Rest: Getting plenty of rest to allow the body to recover from the illness.
* Dietary changes: Avoiding certain foods or making dietary changes to help manage symptoms and prevent future episodes of diarrhea.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following:
* Severe diarrhea that lasts for more than 3 days
* Diarrhea that is accompanied by fever, blood in the stool, or abdominal pain
* Diarrhea that is severe enough to cause dehydration or electrolyte imbalances
* Diarrhea that is not responding to treatment
Prevention of diarrhea includes:
* Good hand hygiene: Washing your hands frequently, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food.
* Safe food handling: Cooking and storing food properly to prevent contamination.
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea, such as rotavirus.
Overall, while diarrhea can be uncomfortable and disruptive, it is usually a minor illness that can be treated at home with over-the-counter medications and plenty of fluids. However, if you experience severe or persistent diarrhea, it is important to seek medical attention to rule out any underlying conditions that may require more formal treatment.
1. Predominantly Inattentive Type: This type is characterized by symptoms of inattention, such as difficulty paying attention to details or making careless mistakes. Individuals with this type may have trouble sustaining their focus during tasks and may appear daydreamy or easily distracted.
2. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: This type is characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity, such as fidgeting, restlessness, and an inability to sit still. Individuals with this type may also exhibit impulsivity, such as interrupting others or speaking out of turn.
3. Combined Type: This type is characterized by both symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity.
The symptoms of ADHD can vary from person to person and may change over time. Some common symptoms include:
* Difficulty sustaining attention during tasks
* Easily distracted or interrupted
* Difficulty completing tasks
* Fidgeting or restlessness
* Difficulty sitting still or remaining quiet
* Interrupting others or speaking out of turn
* Impulsivity, such as acting without thinking
The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but research suggests that it may be related to differences in brain structure and function, as well as genetic factors. There is no cure for ADHD, but medication and behavioral therapy can help manage symptoms and improve functioning.
ADHD can have significant impacts on daily life, including academic and social difficulties. However, with proper treatment and support, many individuals with ADHD are able to lead successful and fulfilling lives.
There are several different types of obesity, including:
1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.
Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.
Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:
1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.
Respiratory sounds can help healthcare providers diagnose and manage respiratory conditions, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. By listening to the sounds of a patient's breathing, healthcare providers can identify abnormalities in lung function, airway obstruction, or inflammation.
Types of Respiratory Sounds:
1. Vesicular Sounds:
a. Inspiratory wheeze: A high-pitched whistling sound heard during inspiration, usually indicative of bronchial asthma or COPD.
b. Expiratory wheeze: A low-pitched whistling sound heard during expiration, typically seen in patients with chronic bronchitis or emphysema.
c. Decreased vocal fremitus: A decrease in the normal vibratory sounds heard over the lung fields during breathing, which can indicate fluid or consolidation in the lungs.
2. Adventitious Sounds:
a. Crackles (rales): High-pitched, bubbly sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, indicating fluid or air in the alveoli.
b. Rhonchi: Low-pitched, harsh sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, often indicative of bronchitis, pneumonia, or COPD.
c. Stridors: High-pitched, squeaky sounds heard during breathing, commonly seen in patients with inflammatory conditions such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.
It's important to note that the interpretation of lung sounds requires a thorough understanding of respiratory physiology and pathophysiology, as well as clinical experience and expertise. A healthcare professional, such as a nurse or respiratory therapist, should always be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.
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How Smartphones Affect Child Development | Psych Central
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Role of neighbourhoods in child growth and development: does 'place' matter?
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- Nine babies and two educators from two child education centers participated. (bvsalud.org)
- The discovery of morphological differences in the brainstem of infants who have died from SIDS indicates that such cases may represent immature development of centers responsible for arousal, cardiovascular, and respiratory functions. (medscape.com)
- In order to receive continuing education (CE) for WB4516 Childhood Development, Resilience and the Environment please visit TCEO and follow these 9 Simple Steps before September 16, 2023. (cdc.gov)
- The early years of a child's life are very important for his or her health and development. (cdc.gov)
- Learn about the importance of a child's early years for later health and development. (cdc.gov)
- Any parent who tried to limit their child's screen time before the COVID-19 pandemic quickly saw those time limits explode as children had to spend hours learning in front of their devices. (psychcentral.com)
- Holistic child development is tailored to a child's age, gender, health, culture and family situation. (compassion.com)
- And although experts say that children ages 6 to 12 should get at least nine hours of sleep each day, it's been unclear how less sleep might affect a child's brain. (nih.gov)
- Test users can therefore use a single measure across multiple years of a young child's development, which creates a stable baseline whilst allowing practitioners to map a child's development. (scirp.org)
- In a 2020 survey by the Pew Research Center , 60% of children were exposed to smartphones before age 5. (psychcentral.com)
- Effects of sleep duration on neurocognitive development in early adolescents in the USA: a propensity score matched, longitudinal, observational study. (nih.gov)
- Aim: To evaluate the dental development of Brazilian children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate. (bvsalud.org)
- Methods: The sample consisted of 107 panoramic radiographs of children and adolescents with cleft lip and/or palate (cleft group) and 107 panoramic radiographs of children and adolescents without cleft lip and/or palate (control group), with chronological ages ranging from 6 to 15 years, matched in gender and chronological age within 60 days. (bvsalud.org)
- A 2018 study of elementary school children found a correlation between increased screen time use and behavioral issues - like conduct problems, hyperactivity, and inattention. (psychcentral.com)
- Presentation and discussion of the Implementation of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development in the Caribbean: A Review of the Period 2013-2018. (cepal.org)
- This article focuses on child and adolescent development, and how development might influence children's safety in the occurrence of pediatric farm inju ries. (cdc.gov)
Infants and Children1
- SIDS may occur in infants and children younger than 16 months of age, but the peak incidence is between 2 and 4 months of age. (medscape.com)
- and promotes positive outcomes for youth via opportunities to build leadership skills, develop positive relationships, and make meaningful change in their own lives. (childtrends.org)
- All children had at least one adverse outcome including feeding challenges, sleeping difficulties, severe motor impairment, vision and hearing abnormalities, and seizures, and these outcomes tended to co-occur. (cdc.gov)
- Outcomes for 2 Children after fed for 2 months. (cdc.gov)
- A Rochester study is the first to describe caregiver strategies for self-care and the obstacles and barriers parents face in raising children struggling with developmental, cognitive, and behavioral problems associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. (rochester.edu)
- Following review of developmental risks for child inju ry in agricul tural settings, the authors present a case study of a fatal youth tractor inju ry and provide illustrations of the child development factors that may have contributed to the death. (cdc.gov)
- The ability to track children in family finder apps is also an appeal to caregivers. (psychcentral.com)
- Children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection have severe functional limitations and will require specialized care from clinicians and caregivers as they age. (cdc.gov)
- The children and their caregivers were evaluated by multidisciplinary teams at two state clinics in Campina Grande and João Pessoa (macroregions 1 and 2) in Paraíba state during August-October 2017. (cdc.gov)
- Parents and caregivers: need information on ways you can help your child cope with changes during COVID-19? (cdc.gov)
- To examine how and why a South-South capacity development and networking program for leadership , research , practice and advocacy on maternal new-born, child and adolescent health and health policy and systems strengthening in West Africa and Cameroon worked and identify lessons for low- and middle- income countries. (bvsalud.org)
- A new study finds that what might have been described as "maladapted" behavior or a lack of self control may actually be beneficial and thoughtful behavior for children who have been raised in resource-poor environments. (rochester.edu)
- It may not surprise you that 95% of families with children under age 8 had at least one smartphone in the house, according to an independent research company, Common Sense. (psychcentral.com)
- Christie Petrenko discusses her research and clinical interventions with children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their families. (rochester.edu)
- These data allow for anticipation of medical and social services needs of affected children and families, such as early intervention services, and planning for resources to support these families in healthcare and community settings. (cdc.gov)
- Genetic patterning for child psychopathology is distinct from that for adults and implicates fetal cerebellar development. (bvsalud.org)
- Rochester is participating in the largest long-term study of brain development and child health, following the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children from ages 9-10 through early adulthood. (rochester.edu)
- This can also be the time that parents or teachers recognize learning disabilities or behavioral problems in children. (medlineplus.gov)
- The researchers found that children in the insufficient sleep group at the start of the study had more mental health and behavioral challenges than those who got sufficient sleep. (nih.gov)
- Although children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection have been described in early infancy, the subsequent health and development in young children have not been well characterized, constraining planning for the care of these children. (cdc.gov)
- The growth and development of 19 children, aged 19-24 months, with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection were thoroughly assessed. (cdc.gov)
- Children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection face medical and functional challenges that span many areas of development, some of which become more evident as children age. (cdc.gov)
- Nineteen children with microcephaly at birth and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection were assessed through clinical evaluations, caregiver interviews, and review of medical records. (cdc.gov)
- The case-control investigation assessed the association of Zika virus infection and microcephaly among children aged 1-7 months, living in Paraíba state. (cdc.gov)
- This report describes a subsample of 19 children, aged 19-24 months, who participated in ZODIAC and were born with microcephaly and with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection. (cdc.gov)
- The Child Development Assistant Permit is issued for five years and is renewable for successive five year periods upon completion of 105 hours of professional growth. (ca.gov)
- Child/human growth and development. (ca.gov)
- However, neurodevelopment for both children was growth remained within -2 SD for weight (10,725 g) and age appropriate. (cdc.gov)
- We work primarily through child sponsorship, but also have specific initiatives to help babies and mothers, to develop future leaders, and to meet critical needs. (compassion.com)
- Compassion Survival focuses on promoting development and survival of the most vulnerable babies, while also providing education and support for the mother or primary caregiver. (compassion.com)
- Therefore, it was sought to evaluate the bonding between educators and babies and its relationship with child development. (bvsalud.org)
- Babies development, in both moments, kept in or above the expected. (bvsalud.org)
- On May 9, 2013, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Mission SF Community Financial Center held an interactive convening that discussed new efforts to connect working youth and young adults to the financial mainstream and identified ways to overcome challenges in reaching this vital demographic. (frbsf.org)
- The case highlights the importance of participatory processes and describes how an innovative approach to outsourcing youth welfare services to civil service providers was introduced. (adb.org)
- It further assists in identifying relative areas of strength and weakness for a child that allows for the creation of focussed development practices that are tailored to the specific child. (scirp.org)
- A new study adds to evidence that benefits for unborn children outweigh the risks of fish consumption by their mothers during pregnancy. (rochester.edu)
- Did the Millennium Development Goals Change Trends in Child Mortality? (bvsalud.org)
- Another plus for child development and participation in their own mental health is that therapy is now available online in both chat and video form , which can be more comfortable for some older kids and teens. (psychcentral.com)
- Meeting participants will identify actions to ensure greater attention to youth issues, and youth participation, in sectoral policies and international development frameworks. (cepal.org)
- The Caribbean forum will identify actions to promote greater attention to youth, and youth participation, within the implementation, monitoring and follow-up of two important development frameworks: the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development. (cepal.org)
- They took advantage of data being collected in NIH's ongoing Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. (nih.gov)
- The children with insufficient sleep also had impaired cognitive functions such as decision making, conflict solving, working memory, and learning. (nih.gov)
- The roles of physical, perceptual, cognitive, and social development are reviewed and discussed, as are relevant sociocultural factors. (cdc.gov)
- During human development there are critical windows when we are especially sensitive to exposures or interventions that may have a lifelong impact on health. (cdc.gov)
- The programme made good progress in implementing many but not all planned capacity development and networking activities. (bvsalud.org)
- ADB supports projects in developing member countries that create economic and development impact, delivered through both public and private sector operations, advisory services, and knowledge support. (adb.org)
- In respect of the SDGs, it will afford the multiple stakeholders involved in supporting the planning, implementation and monitoring of youth-related SDGs in the Caribbean with an opportunity to design a Caribbean Youth Platform for the SDGs, in order to support member States and youth in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. (cepal.org)
- Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach their full potential. (cdc.gov)
- The Brazilian MOH, the State Health Secretariat of Paraíba, and CDC collaborated on a follow-up investigation of the health and development of children in northeastern Brazil who were reported to national surveillance with microcephaly at birth. (cdc.gov)
- The Child Development Careers Diploma program is designed to prepare individuals for employment in entry-level early childhood education positions. (saintpaul.edu)
Social and economi1
- It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development. (adb.org)
- For more information on engaging working youth in the financial mainstream, read the latest research report, " Increasing Financial Capability among Economically Vulnerable Youth: MY Path . (frbsf.org)
- Child Development Site Supervisor Permit. (ca.gov)
- A Child Development Assistant Permit authorizes the holder to care for and assist in the development and instruction of children in a child care and development program under the supervision of a Child Development Permit (CDP) Associate Teacher, CDP Teacher, CDP Master Teacher, CDP Site Supervisor, or CDP Program Director. (ca.gov)
- The intent of the Youth Soccer and Recreation Development program is to provide financial assistance to Local Agencies and Community-Based Organizations to foster the Development of new Youth soccer, baseball, softball, and basketball recreation opportunities in the state. (ca.gov)
- The Green Jobs Youth Development program is a positive youth development program that provides opportunities for urban teenagers in New Haven. (idealist.org)
- This program provides inner-city youth with positive supports and challenging opportunities to understand, appreciate, and ultimately affect change in their local environment, all while building the skills and motivations to become confident, capable individuals prepared for the future. (idealist.org)
- Child Development Program Director Permit. (ca.gov)
- Complete an approved Home Economics and Related Occupations (HERO) or Regional Occupation Program (ROP) in Child Development Related Occupations. (ca.gov)
- A Child Development Associate Teacher Permit authorizes the holder to provide service in the care, development, and instruction of children in a child care and development program, and supervise a CDP Assistant, and an aide. (ca.gov)
- The Child Development Careers Associate of Applied Science (AAS) Degree program is designed to prepare individuals for employment as a teacher in a variety of early childhood settings. (saintpaul.edu)
- Each of our other Child Development Careers programs begin with the courses in the Certificate program. (saintpaul.edu)
- In a world where hundreds of millions of children live in extreme poverty, connecting one child with one sponsor is the most strategic way to end child poverty. (compassion.com)
- Improved measurement in early child development (ECD) is a strategic focus of the WHO, UNICEF and World Bank Nurturing Care Framework. (rti.org)
- Acquisition or development of land and/or facilities to improve the property's public usage and access for new youth soccer, baseball, softball and basketball opportunities. (ca.gov)
- Some children begin puberty or are close to it before they are teenagers. (medlineplus.gov)
- Development of Emergency Department guidelines for the reporting and evaluation of SUID, in collaboration with the local medical examiner and child death review teams, will enable ED practitioners to collect important information in a compassionate manner that will be valuable to the investigating personnel. (medscape.com)
- Meeting participants will also identify actions to further the implementation of the Montevideo Consensus in the Caribbean with a particular focus on the way in which population and development issues impact upon youth. (cepal.org)
- The recommendations from the Caribbean forum will be presented at the Third Session of the Regional Conference on Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean and will guide the further implementation of the Montevideo Consensus. (cepal.org)
- Regular opportunities for outdoor leadership, hands-on environmental education, job skills and personal development and goal setting opportunities are included. (idealist.org)
- The Green Jobs Coordinator recruits and leads teen interns, providing them with opportunities for outdoor leadership, hands-on environmental education, job skills, personal development and goal setting. (idealist.org)
- Submit questions about how to become an IB World School or enquire about our professional development opportunities. (ibo.org)
- Holistic child development provides opportunities that encourage the healthy development of all aspects of a child - spiritually, physically, socially, emotionally, and even economically - early and throughout life. (compassion.com)
- The School Age Emphasis Authorization may be added to any level Child Development Permit and authorizes the holder to provide all services authorized by the holder's Child Development Permit and to provide services in the care, development, and instruction of children in before-school, after-school, and other school-age child care programs. (ca.gov)
- To help young people finish well we provide youth ages 12 and older with customized training and educational paths according to their own unique potential, and God-given talents and purpose. (compassion.com)
- Earning a paycheck is a critical teachable moment and presents a unique opportunity to provide youth with access to financial education and quality financial products. (frbsf.org)
- The forum is being jointly convened by the Caribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) with the collaboration of the CARICOM Youth Ambassador Corps (CYAs), the Caribbean Regional Youth Council (CRYC) and the University of the West Indies' Students Today, Alumni Tomorrow (UWI STAT). (cepal.org)
- Young children can learn a lot from programming like Sesame Street, and foster relationships with family members who aren't necessarily present. (psychcentral.com)
- The general belief, though, is that screen time should be limited for very young children. (psychcentral.com)
- Excessive screen time can mess with sleep hygiene and leave young children sitting still instead of getting up to play or move. (psychcentral.com)
- Students will learn about child development, guidance, health and safety, professional relations, and strategies for promoting learning in young children. (saintpaul.edu)
- Learn how to keep children safe from danger and from becoming dangerous themselves. (cdc.gov)
- There's still a lot we need to learn about how smartphones can affect a baby's development - or how filters could warp a tot's reality and self-perception. (psychcentral.com)
- Through our neighborhood-based programs, youth explore their environment, learn the skills and joys of being agents of positive change, and teach what they have learned to others (Kids Explore! (idealist.org)
- a) Has (CHILD) ever spoken in a partial sentence of 3 words or more? (cdc.gov)
- A smartphone camera is not a mirror, but at a certain point, a child will recognize themselves. (psychcentral.com)