Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Schools: Educational institutions.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.United StatesFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Biotinylation: Incorporation of biotinyl groups into molecules.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Hydrogel: A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.IndiaDental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.BrazilRhipicephalus: A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Bereavement: Refers to the whole process of grieving and mourning and is associated with a deep sense of loss and sadness.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Paternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.EnglandFeeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Live Birth: The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).Great BritainEthnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Pediatric Obesity: BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.TurkeyAffective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Gasotransmitters: Endogenously produced lipid-soluble gaseous molecules which function as neurotransmitters and signal mediators targeting ION CHANNELS and transporters.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Sibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)California3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases: Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of cyclic GMP to yield guanosine-5'-phosphate.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.BangladeshCognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Proxy: A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Orphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Neurocytoma: A benign brain tumor composed of neural elements which most often arise from the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM and the walls of the lateral ventricles. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy evaluations may reveal expression of neuron specific enolase and synaptophysin and cells containing microtubuli, neurosecretory granules, and presynaptic vesicles. (From Acta Med Port 1994 Feb;7(2):113-9)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1: A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.Single-Parent Family: A household that includes children and is headed by one adult.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
"Birthmarks". Seattle Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center. Retrieved 2008-08-02. "Parenting and Child Health - ... September 2006). "Prospective study of infantile hemangiomas: clinical characteristics predicting complications and treatment ... ISBN 978-0-9754248-4-1. Sylvia Browne; Lindsay Harrison (2007). Psychic Children: Revealing the Intuitive Gifts and Hidden ... it may sometimes be mistaken for a bruise indicative of child abuse. Colloquially called a "stork bite", "angel's kiss" or " ...
For example, the parent Battalion unit for the Army will use "AA." A child Company unit, such as A Company, will use "A0." Army ... They describe the specifics characteristics of the unit. ... For example, in the US Army, the parent unit designation breaks ... International organizations and foreign governments The next three characters indicate the Parent Unit Designator. These vary ...
Every parent mixes ideas and characteristics with properties of Mother. This strongly connects the children, after all they ... The artworks can be seen as children of Mother and one or more parents (the artists). A parent can be either a man or a woman, ... This can be established because of the anonymous characteristics of the parents, they operate by using a pseudonym hiding their ... We live in an era of individualism with egocentric characteristics. The toyists present themselves as a group. That is exactly ...
Gleason, T (2004). "'Imaginary companions: An evaluation of parents as reporters.'". Infant and Child Development. 13 (3): 199- ... "The characteristics and correlates of fantasy in school-age children: Imaginary companions, impersonation, and social ... Children become more motivated when they believe in themselves, therefore children will not be discouraged to come up with ... The findings that a first-born child is more likely to have an imaginary friend sheds some light on the idea that the child ...
They physically resembled, and had identical characteristics to their parents. The characters of Margaret and the enigmatic ... She has two children, Thomas and Chloe. She is identified as "Mrs Montgomery" in series 2 and later "Mrs Taylor-Thomas" in ... She also appeared as Lauren in a special sketch for the BBC's annual Children in Need telethon. The segment was a crossover ... During the show, Paul and Sam's two children were seen for the first time. ...
"The role of the children of twins design in elucidating causal relations between parent characteristics and child outcomes". ... It could be because the children are modelling their parents' behaviour. Equally plausible, it could be that the children ... adoptive parents and their adopted children tend to show much less resemblance to one another than the adopted child and his or ... that the children of parents who use drugs are more likely to use drugs as adults does not indicate why the children are more ...
Parents can also be allies and sources of aid for children, and removing the parents makes the character's difficulties more ... removing the other parent prevents complicating the necessary relationship. All these characteristics make orphans attractive ... and other groups label any child that has lost one parent as an orphan. In this approach, a maternal orphan is a child whose ... and a double orphan is a child who has lost both parents. This contrasts with the older use of half-orphan to describe children ...
As sports-minded parents know, physical maturity allows older children to perform better. Coaches often mistake this difference ... West, J.; Meek, A.; Hurst, D. (2000). "Children who enter kindergarten late or repeat kindergarten; Their characteristics and ... The NCES report also shows that white, non-Hispanic children are more than twice as likely as black, non-Hispanic children to ... However, there is also some speculation that, in classes where there are children who have been redshirted, some older children ...
Children tend to develop characteristics of the same-sex parent during this stage. Fixation in the phallic stage has different ... In both cases the child develops incestuous feelings for the parent of the opposite sex. ... Parents stress toilet training and bowel control during this time period. Fixation in the anal stage can lead to anal-retention ... Thus, children are able to develop social skills, and find comfort through peer and family interaction. The final stage of ...
Parents create a home environment that is influenced by their own heritable characteristics. Biological parents also pass on ... i) Passive gene-environment correlation refers to the association between the genotype a child inherits from his or her parents ... maltreatment may be a marker for genetic risk that parents transmit to children rather than a causal risk factor for children's ... For example, because parents who have histories of antisocial behavior (which is moderately heritable) are at elevated risk of ...
Conditional love: parents' attitudes toward handicapped children. p. 94. Retrieved 2009-07-22. ... Microchinia mentioned among other characteristics of Down's Syndrome about halfway down the page. Meira Weiss. ... Myron Belfer, M.D. (1980). "Facial Plastic Surgery in Children with Down's Syndrome (preview page, with link to full content on ...
... s are suitable family dogs, as they like to be around children and are very affectionate. They have characteristics of ... Puggle is the name for a crossbreed dog with a Beagle parent and a Pug parent. The name puggle is a portmanteau, following a ... They can be a variety of colors and patterns depending on the characteristics inherited from the parent breeds. The most common ... Some of their Pug characteristics include incredible land speed.[dubious - discuss] Puggles grow to a mature weight of 15 to 40 ...
... so child may or may not display SCS). In rare situations, two normal parents can have a child with SCS due to a de novo ... In 1931, Haakon Saethre, a Norwegian psychiatrist, described similar characteristics between a mother and her two daughters. ... If a parent carries a copy of the SCS gene mutation, then there is a 50% chance their child will also carry a copy of the gene ... chance their child will have two gene mutation copies (so child would develop severe SCS), a 25% chance their child would have ...
The parents indicated that there was especially strong support among parents and caregivers of children with similar conditions ... The early appearance of secondary sexual characteristics is often distressing to parents and caretakers. Many parents of ... she began to show signs of puberty and her parents and doctors began to anticipate a variety of issues common in children with ... Should severely disabled kids be kept small? SCOPE-UK charity that campaigns for children's rights "Love, Justice, & Humility: ...
They use intonation patterns and timing that matches the characteristics of their parent language.[6] Infants also babble using ... For this reason, deaf children stop babbling vocally earlier than hearing children.[30] Babbling should appear if the child is ... In studies where deaf and hearing children were compared, children learning sign language produced more multi-movement manual ... a b Naomi S. Baron, Growing up with Language: How Children Learn to Talk (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1992), p. 41-43, ISBN 0- ...
PPAS with its management have a multi-dimension characteristic for children; as substitute of parents, mini laboratory of life ... The existence of more than 200 PPAS with averagely 150 orphans and poor children per PPAS is prove of the siding of ... Centre Education of Pious Child (Pusat Pendidikan Anak Shaleh - PPAS) is institution in the form of pesantren for orphans and ... Mushida move in dakwah area, education and social focus on women, family and children empowerment. Mushida's vision is " ...
Wong, M. S.; McElwain, N. & Halberstadt, A. G. (2009). "Parent, family, and child characteristics as predictors of mother- and ... Wong, M. S.; McElwain, N. & Halberstadt, A. G. (2009). "Parent, family, and child characteristics as predictors of mother- and ... "Can emotional language skills be taught during parent training for conduct problem children?". Child Psychiatry and Human ... One goal was to develop a questionnaire to assess parents' beliefs about children's emotion (PBACE) by using a multi-ethnic, ...
The baptism of babies requires the parents' promise to pass on the faith to the child. Baptism is called the sacrament of faith ... Faith being characteristic of the noesis or noetic experience of the spirit. Faith here being defined as intuitive truth ...
Differences between parent to child dialogue differs in homes of Low to High SES families. In homes of low SES children, there ... 2012a). 20111 census of population: Linguistic Characteristics of Canadians. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily- ... However if the parents are bilingual in the same languages, children are likely to out perform all bilingual children ... Parents of children with ASD and are in the low SES group, they generally don't have the education or the resources to help the ...
The child then shares this information with their parent, the target market, who will be influenced to go purchase the toy. A ... Often these characteristics can be segmented into four different marketing groups, geographic, demographic, psychographic or ... and most destinations offer children and parent orientated activities. This shows that the Disney cruise line company has a ... An example of this is when a child, part of a target audience, is positively reached through a communication channel such as a ...
As we know role of the Keeper is passed from parent to child, but they can be started fresh at any time. A New World - When a ... These characteristics will define the nature of the entire clan. Tamers' History - Historically, Tamers were an essential part ... The gift of Sight is passed from parent to child, and few special people, so that entire generations of Keepers can look after ... Monster Tamers pass the natural power of the Tone from parent to child, thus creating long dynasties of heroes. Tamers are able ...
He was switched at birth with a human baby and raised by that child's parents as their own. When his demonic nature began to ... emerge in physical characteristics, his father left the family. Danny is very strong and immune to fire. He can manipulate ...
Kohnstamm, G.A.; Halverson, C.F.; Havill, V.L.; Mervielde, I. (eds.) (1996): 'Parents' Free Descriptions of Child ... Norman, W.T. (1967): 2800 personality trait descriptors: Normative operating characteristics for a university population, ... Kohnstamm, G.A.; Halverson, C.F.; Mervielde, I.; Havill, V.L. (eds.) (1998): Parental Descriptions of Child Personality, ... Borgatta, E.F. (1964): 'The structure of personality characteristics' in Behavioral Science, Volume 9, Issue 1, p. 8-17 ...
McBride, B. A., Schoppe, S. J., & Rane, T. R. (2002). Child characteristics, parenting stress, and parental involvement: Father ... The level of attachment security that a father had with his parents when he was a child may influence his own child's ... Male children are more likely to prefer their father as an attachment figure than female children are. Children are more likely ... Howard, K.S. (2010). Paternal attachment, parenting beliefs and children's attachment. Early Child Development and Care, 180(1- ...
Sher, K. "Characteristics of Children of Alcoholics: Putative Risk Factors, Substance Use and Abuse, and Psychopathology". ... Further, because children learn their bonding behaviors from watching their parents' interactions, daughters of alcoholic ... These behaviors lead to poor parenting practices. For example, adult children of alcoholics may simultaneously express love and ... Children of alcoholics often incorporate behaviors learned as children into their marital relationships. ...
Parent(s). Frederick Fulton and Beatrice Fulton. She was born in New York City, attended Vassar College and graduated in 1909. ... Upon seeing the dead child's face, Ruth claimed that it was the most beautiful thing she had ever seen.[5] ... only a few characteristics which become the leading personality traits of the persons living in that culture. These traits ... "Culture and Personality In Henry's Backyard: Boasian War Allegories in Children's Science Writ Large Stories" in Darnell, Regna ...
... lifelong impact on the life of you and your child. Contact Whitfield & Eddy. ... Are you a parent seeking legal assistance with child custody in Iowa? Court decisions can have a significant, ... Courts consider the characteristics and needs of the child, the characteristics of the parents, the capacity and desire of each ... Iowa Child Custody Guide. 10.17.2020. Iowa Child Custody Guide. Are you a parent seeking legal assistance with child custody in ...
Sociodemographic Characteristics, Behavioral Problems, Parental Concerns and Childrens Strengths Reported by Parents1 ... The aim of the study was to identify concerns of parents and qualities of children reported by parents, as well as the ... Sociodemographic characteristics, behavioral problems, parental concerns and children strengths reported by parents. Paidéia ( ... Parenting practices and child behavioral repertoire: comparing children differentiated by behavior]. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), ...
... symptoms in relation to parent-, child- and family-level correlates. Results suggest that greater parental involvement in OC ... symptoms results in higher levels of child symptom severity and higher level of parental anxiety and hostility. ... The article examines familys involvement in child and adolescent obsessive-compulsive (OC) ... Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Correlation, Mental Disorders, Children ...
Parenting Characteristics of Female Caregivers of Children Affected by Chronic Endocrine Conditions: A Comparison Between ... The purpose of this study was to compare parenting characteristics of female caregivers rearing children with a disorder of sex ... Better understanding of parenting experiences of female caregivers rearing children with DSD, particularly male children, will ... Both groups demonstrated significant levels of stress and negative parenting practices. Children with T1DM and male children ...
Workers in the child welfare system provide ongoing services to young parents particularly in investigations where they have ... Specifically, it examines how workers in the child welfare system decide which young parents require ongoing services the ... It found that young parents are struggling with a number of issues including poverty, housing, mental health, violence and ... This study uses a national child welfare dataset to examine the profile of young parents who are the subject of maltreatment- ...
The purposes of this study were (a) to determine what parent-related and child-related characteristics are associated with ... Results indicated that parent anxiety, parent aggression, and child hostility were associated with internalizing problems. ... Child aggression was associated with externalizing problems. Results also indicated that children with ADHD and externalizing ... to determine if there are differences in these characteristics between a group of children with ADHD and externalizing problems ...
Stress in parents of a child with hemifacial microsomia: The role of child characteristics and parental coping strategies. ... Stress in parents of a child with hemifacial microsomia: The role of child characteristics and parental coping strategies. ... Conclusions: Learning difficulties of the child with HFM and parental acceptance affect stress in parents with a child with HFM ... Examine stress levels of parents of children with hemifacial microsomia (HFM) and the relationship of parental stress to child ...
Parent characteristics associated with approval of their children drinking alcohol from ages 13 to 16 years: prospective cohort ... Parent characteristics associated with approval of their children drinking alcohol from ages 13 to 16 years: prospective cohort ... in which 1,927 parent-child dyads, comprising school students (mean age 12.9 years at baseline) and one of their parents, ... We investigated parent sociodemographic and drinking characteristics in relation to whether they approved of their children ...
... and childrens characteristics between vaccinated and unvaccinated children. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI ... About one-third of parents of unvaccinated children said they did not get the rotavirus vaccine for their children because of ... About one-third of parents of unvaccinated children said they did not get the rotavirus vaccine for their children because of ... and childrens characteristics between vaccinated and unvaccinated children. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI ...
Sample Characteristics. A total of 75% to 85% of mothers and fathers who completed the K6 and general health item (see Fig 1) ... of parents of children aged 1 to 3 years, and 14% to 27% of parents of preschool-aged children.10 Mothers who report a sleep ... parent general health. Mental health problems are common in parents of young children. Postnatal depression (PND) affects ∼15% ... Sleep problems in preschool-aged children affected parents to a lesser degree. Mothers of preschool-aged children may adjust to ...
... especially those related to subsample characteristics (eg, child vs adolescent ratings). It is important to note that exposure ... Because the parents are affected by the childs trauma12,16 and because the child is also affected by the parents symptoms, it ... Parents Own PTSD Symptoms Are Correlated With Parents Report of Their Childs Symptoms. Parents answered questions about ... We used the UCLA posttraumatic stress reaction index, child, adolescent, and parent versions, to evaluate child and parent ...
Background Increasing the frequency of periods of outdoor free-play in childcare may represent an opportunity to increase child ... Parent and child characteristics. At baseline, parents, provided brief demographic information on the childs consent form, ... Parent and child characteristics. The characteristics of participating children were similar at baseline for most ... Parents could consent to children wearing accelerometers in care but not at home. All parents of participating children were ...
The participants included 33 children and 37 parents (some children were accompanied by both parents) attending a diabetes camp ... Study Sample Characteristics. Of 33 enrolled children, one discontinued participation because of a febrile illness, one because ... Altogether, 27 parents (22 mothers) and 27 children were interviewed. Seven parents were not interviewed because they were not ... The AP Acceptance Questionnaire was completed by 34 parents. Most parents (94.1%) noted the intention for their child to use ...
... parents of 14 children with ASD, 16 children with ADHD, 13 children with ASD+ADHD, and 15 TD children participated in the ... children with an ADHD diagnosis generally exhibited higher levels of internalizing symptoms than other children; parents of ... and parenting practices in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), ASD+ ... the current study examined how those factors differed according to diagnostic group as well as how child characteristics (i.e ...
The goal of this three-wave longitudinal study was to analyze foster parent stress and foster childrens internalizing and ... 2016). Transactional processes characteristic of children and their biological parents are apparently not characteristic of ... child-parent-child or parent-child-parent) are lacking.. The aim of the current study is therefore to examine in a three-wave ... child affects parents or parent affects child), as well as three-term reciprocal relations (i.e., the child changes the parent ...
Sample Characteristics. Survey response rate was 58.2% (4072 had valid contact information and were approached, and, of those, ... More confident parents were English speaking parents, younger parents, parents of younger children, and parents whose children ... parents living in a two-parent household, parents having a child with excellent/good health, and parents who were older were ... single or two parent), childs age, and childs health status. Childrens health status was gauged by asking parents to rate ...
Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was ... Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was ... Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. ... Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was ...
Parent Sociocultural Characteristics and Parent-Child Relationships Influencing Early Adolescent Ethnic Identity, Religiosity, ... The parent-child relationship plays a predominant role in positive youth outcomes (i.e., academic orientation and positive ... parent-child relationships, adolescent ethnic identity and religiosity, and their impact over time on adolescent academic ... The sample consisted of youth and their families participating in an ongoing family centered intervention trial in a northwest ...
Parent-Child Nursing .... ... Parent-Child Nursing .... Authors. Joyce A. Baker, University ... Characteristics associated with the incidence and duration of breastfeeding in african american and european american women: a ... Characteristics associated with the incidence and duration of breastfeeding in african american and european american women: a ... characteristics include income Chi-Square was significant choice and duration choice to breastfeed compare characteristics ...
Asperger Profiles: Common Characteristics Article. As we look in detail at some strengths and challenges you might see in a ... Dear Parents of Typical Kids Article. Dear parents of typical kids, I could have been labeled a helicopter parent for my oldest ... Getting Started for Parents of Children. Parenting Toolbox. What is an Asperger Profile?. Diagnosis and Disclosure. Education. ... Simple Steps to Help Your Child Follow Through on Tasks Article. Many parents find that their children resist doing jobs at ...
Sociodemographic Characteristics. Parent sex. Male. 31 (3.0). 20 (2.2). 3 (4.1). 2 (5.4). 6 (17.1). ,.001d,e. ... I am concerned that my child will get the coronavirus (question asked of parents only). ... Sociodemographic characteristics. The survey collected data on respondents sex, respondents relationship to the child, ... Fear of children contracting COVID-19. My biggest worry is getting sick, or that my kids get sick, or ending up without food or ...
School-associated single-victim homicides share characteristics with youth homicides in the community, often involving racial/ ... School-associated single-victim homicides share characteristics with youth homicides in the community, often involving racial/ ... Students parent/Guardian. 0 (-). 5 (0.9). 0 (-). 2 (4.3). Other relative of student. 0 (-). 3 (0.5). 0 (-). 1 (2.1). ... of youth deaths. Rate*. Rate ratio (95% CI). No. of youth deaths. Rate*. Rate ratio (95% CI). No. of incidents§ ...
A pious God-conscious child! Is it possible that such a child actually exists? Perhaps, dear parent, you need of a book.. More ... Characteristics of Justice in Effective Punishment Parents * 4844 Who is in Charge at Home?. Parents ... Whoever likes his child to be something, should first be that something. Be a positive role model: Dear parent, your child is ... Parents How to Inculcate Effective Leadership Skills in Your Child. While growing up, leaders are greatly influenced by the ...
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS. *Vary greatly in height and weight.. *Increased motor activity, may appear restless even when seated. ... We asked a group of kindergarteners what they would like a parent to know about them. Heres what they said:. ... Kindergarten Child. WHO IS YOUR KINDERGARTEN CHILD?. Kindergarten children have a growing sense of independence. Yet they also ... Home Family / Parents About Your Child Kindergarten Child. ... Some of the children may have been to the First Communion or ...
Participant characteristics. There were 194 eligible survey respondents. The mean age of children at the time of illness was 3 ... Parents wanted to be involved and informed about their childs care and support, and often worried about their child being able ... For parents whose child required prosthetics (n = 6) only one gained access with no difficulty. Of the 59 parents who reported ... to what extent do you feel the aftercare and support has met/meets your childs needs? We selected parents of children with a ...
  • Whether the parents can communicate with each other regarding the child's needs. (whitfieldlaw.com)
  • Whether the custody arrangement is in accord with the child's wishes or whether the child has strong opposition, taking into consideration the child's age and maturity. (whitfieldlaw.com)
  • Legal custody refers to the legal custodial rights of a parent, which include "decision making affecting the child's legal status, medical care, education, extracurricular activities, and religious instruction. (whitfieldlaw.com)
  • While many people worry that a primary physical custody arrangement will reduce their status as a parent, this is rarely true. (whitfieldlaw.com)
  • Courts use different standards in determining what type of legal custody should be given to parents than is used to determine physical custody. (whitfieldlaw.com)
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