Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.
Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
A phenomenon in which symptoms of a disease are fabricated by an individual other than the patient causing unnecessary, and often painful, physical examinations and treatments. This syndrome is considered a form of CHILD ABUSE, since another individual, usually a parent, is the source of the fabrication of symptoms and presents the child for medical care.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Brain injuries resulted from vigorous shaking of an infant or young child held by the chest, shoulders, or extremities causing extreme cranial acceleration. It is characterized by the intracranial and intraocular hemorrhages with no evident external trauma. Serious cases may result in death.
Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Bites inflicted by humans.
Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Emotional, nutritional, financial, or physical maltreatment, exploitation, or abandonment of the older person generally by family members or by institutional personnel.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Rib fractures are breaks in one or more of the 12 pairs of bones that make up the rib cage.
Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.
Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The interactions between parent and child.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A syndrome characterized by indifference to PAIN despite the ability to distinguish noxious from non-noxious stimuli. Absent corneal reflexes and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may be associated. Familial forms with autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance have been described. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
Female parents, human or animal.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
Breaks in bones.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
A condition of substandard growth or diminished capacity to maintain normal function.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
Interaction between the father and the child.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Process of restoring damaged or decayed teeth using various restorative and non-cosmetic materials so that oral health is improved.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Spontaneous or near spontaneous bleeding caused by a defect in clotting mechanisms (BLOOD COAGULATION DISORDERS) or another abnormality causing a structural flaw in the blood vessels (HEMOSTATIC DISORDERS).
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
The killing of one person by another.
Size and composition of the family.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The interactions between the professional person and the family.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.

Mothering to death. (1/1334)

Three families are described in which the healthy only child was, from early childhood, put to bed and treated as if ill, dependent, and incapable. This abnormal mothering continued for 28, 45, and 48 years, respectively, and the children died as disabled adults. In each case, the three mothers evaded medical, educational, and social services. The origins of their behaviour are examined, and the links with more common forms of separation anxiety, school refusal, and perceived and factitious illness are discussed.  (+info)

The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies. (2/1334)

AIM: To obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies. METHODS: 177 babies aged 6-12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent's explanation noted. Any other injury was recorded. Data collection included the baby's age, mobility and weight, demographic details, and health visitor concerns. RESULTS: Twenty two babies had bruises, giving a prevalence rate of 12%. There was a total of 32 bruises, 15 babies had one bruise. All bruises were found on the front of the body and were located over bony prominences. Twenty five of the bruises were on the face and head, and seven were on the shin. The babies with bruises on the shin were mobile. There was a highly significant increase in bruises with increase in mobility. CONCLUSIONS: The study has produced a prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies and sets a baseline from which to work when assessing bruises. It also tested out the methodology, which could be used in further research, particularly of younger babies. Clinicians need to assess a baby's level of development when considering whether a bruise is accidental.  (+info)

Primary prevention of child abuse. (3/1334)

In 1993, the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect declared a child protection emergency. Between 1985 and 1993, there was a 50 percent increase in reported cases of child abuse. Three million cases of child abuse are reported in the United States each year. Treatment of the abuser has had only limited success and child protection agencies are overwhelmed. Recently, efforts have begun to focus on the primary prevention of child abuse. Primary prevention of child abuse is defined as any intervention that prevents child abuse before it occurs. Primary prevention must be implemented on many levels before it can be successful. Strategies on the societal level include increasing the "value" of children, increasing the economic self-sufficiency of families, discouraging corporal punishment and other forms of violence, making health care more accessible and affordable, expanding and improving coordination of social services, improving the identification and treatment of psychologic problems, and alcohol and drug abuse, providing more affordable child care and preventing the birth of unwanted children. Strategies on the familial level include helping parents meet their basic needs, identifying problems of substance abuse and spouse abuse, and educating parents about child behavior, discipline, safety and development.  (+info)

Unnatural sudden infant death. (4/1334)

AIM: To identify features to help paediatricians differentiate between natural and unnatural infant deaths. METHOD: Clinical features of 81 children judged by criminal and family courts to have been killed by their parents were studied. Health and social service records, court documents, and records from meetings with parents, relatives, and social workers were studied. RESULTS: Initially, 42 children had been certified as dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and 29 were given another cause of natural death. In 24 families, more than one child died; 58 died before the age of 6 months and most died in the afternoon or evening. Seventy per cent had experienced unexplained illnesses; over half were admitted to hospital within the previous month, and 15 had been discharged within 24 hours of death. The mother, father, or both were responsible for death in 43, five, and two families, respectively. Most homes were disadvantaged--no regular income, receiving income support--and mothers smoked. Half the perpetrators had a history of somatising or factitious disorder. Death was usually by smothering and 43% of children had bruises, petechiae, or blood on the face. CONCLUSIONS: Although certain features are indicative of unnatural infant death, some are also associated with SIDS. Despite the recent reduction in numbers of infants dying suddenly, inadequacies in the assessment of their deaths exist. Until a thorough postmortem examination is combined with evaluation of the history and circumstances of death by an experienced paediatrician, most cases of covert fatal abuse will go undetected. The term SIDS requires revision or abandonment.  (+info)

Adolescents' pregnancy intentions: relations to life situations and caretaking behaviors prenatally and 2 years postpartum. (5/1334)

PURPOSE: This study explores if and how adolescents' pregnancy intentions relate to life situations and health-related behaviors prenatally and up to 2 years postpartum. METHODS: Adolescent girls who reported that they had "wanted a baby" (n = 75) as their reason for pregnancy were compared with those who reported that the pregnancy "just happened" (n = 79) at four separate time periods: prenatally, at 6 and 24 months postpartum, and at 18 months postpartum for teens who became pregnant again subsequent to the study pregnancy. RESULTS: Those who stated that they wanted a baby were more likely to be Hispanic, married, and out of school before becoming pregnant. They were less likely to receive welfare as their primary means of support and to have run away from home in the past than teens who stated that their pregnancy just happened. Self-reported reason for pregnancy was unrelated to repeat pregnancy by 18 months postpartum, but those who had wanted the study baby were less likely to undergo elective termination of a subsequent pregnancy and less likely to become pregnant by a different partner. The groups diverged at 24 months postpartum when those who wanted a baby were more likely to be married to the father of the baby, be financially supported by him, receive child care assistance from him, and have attempted or succeeded at breastfeeding the study child. CONCLUSION: Self-reported reason for pregnancy reveals many important characteristics of pregnant adolescents both at the time of presentation and up to 2 years postpartum. Young women in this study who reported intentional pregnancy seem to fare better with regard to their financial status and their relationship with the father of the baby.  (+info)

Vulvovaginitis: clinical features, aetiology, and microbiology of the genital tract. (6/1334)

AIM: To clarify the contribution of clinical and environmental factors and infection to the aetiology of vulvovaginitis in premenarchal girls, and to determine clinical indicators of an infectious cause. DESIGN: It was necessary first to define normal vaginal flora. Cases were 50 premenarchal girls > 2 years old with symptoms of vulvovaginitis; 50 controls were recruited from girls in the same age group undergoing minor or elective surgery. RESULTS: Interview questionnaire showed no difference between cases and controls in regards to hygiene practices, exposure to specific irritants, or history of possible sexual abuse. Normal vaginal flora was similar to that described in previous studies, with the exception of organisms likely to be associated with sexual activity. 80% of cases had no evidence of an infectious cause. In the 10 cases in whom an infectious cause was found, there was significantly more visible discharge and distinct redness of the genital area on examination compared with other cases. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that vulvovaginitis in this age group is not usually infectious or necessarily related to poor hygiene, specific irritants or sexual abuse, although any of these can present with genital irritation. The possibility of sexual abuse should always be considered when a child presents with genital symptoms, but our data indicate it is not a common contributing factor. Infection is generally associated with vaginal discharge and moderate or severe inflammation.  (+info)

The association between tender points, psychological distress, and adverse childhood experiences: a community-based study. (7/1334)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that characteristics of somatization and illness behavior, and their childhood antecedents, are associated with the presence of multiple tender points. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-nine subjects who had demonstrated psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire score > or =2) had a tender point examination and in-depth psychological evaluation. In addition, subjects were interviewed about a number of adverse childhood experiences. The 99 subjects with 5 or more tender points were compared with the remaining 190 subjects. RESULTS: A high tender point count (> or =5) was associated with low levels of self-care (odds ratio [OR] 2.4, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.1-5.0), reports of a greater number of somatic symptoms (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0-4.9), high levels of fatigue (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.3), and a pattern of illness behavior characterized by increased medical care usage (OR 4.2, 95% CI 2.1-8.4). Those with high tender point counts were substantially more likely to report adverse childhood experiences, including loss of parents (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-3.9) and abuse (OR 6.9, 95% CI 2.0-24.6). These results were not explained by the presence of chronic pain. CONCLUSION: These data add further weight to the hypothesis that tender points, as part of the fibromyalgia syndrome, are strongly associated with specific components of psychological distress as well as characteristics of somatization and its antecedents. It is possible that these features contribute to the development of the syndrome of fibromyalgia.  (+info)

How can we boost IQs of "dull children"?: A late adoption study. (8/1334)

From 5,003 files of adopted children, 65 deprived children, defined as abused and/or neglected during infancy, were strictly selected with particular reference to two criteria: (i) They were adopted between 4 and 6 years of age, and (ii) they had an IQ <86 (mean = 77, SD = 6.3) before adoption. The average IQs of adopted children in lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES) families were 85 (SD = 17) and 98 (SD = 14.6), respectively, at adolescence (mean age = 13.5 years). The results show (i) a significant gain in IQ dependent on the SES of the adoptive families (mean = 7.7 and mean = 19.5 IQ points in low and high SES, respectively), (ii) IQs after adoption are significantly correlated with IQs before adoption, and (iii) during adolescence, verbal IQs are significantly lower than performance IQs.  (+info)

Child abuse is a term used to describe any form of physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment or neglect of a child by a parent, caregiver, or other person responsible for the child's well-being. In the medical field, child abuse is often defined as any act or failure to act that results in harm, serious harm, or the potential for harm to a child. This can include physical injuries such as bruises, burns, or fractures, as well as emotional or psychological harm such as neglect, emotional abuse, or sexual abuse. Medical professionals who work with children are trained to recognize the signs of child abuse and to report any suspected cases to the appropriate authorities. This is important because child abuse can have serious long-term consequences for the child's physical and mental health, as well as their ability to develop into healthy, functioning adults.

Child abuse, sexual refers to the act of engaging in sexual activity with a child who is unable to give informed consent or is unable to understand the nature of the act. This can include activities such as sexual touching, penetration, or exploitation of the child for the sexual gratification of the perpetrator. Sexual abuse can have serious and long-lasting physical, emotional, and psychological effects on the child, and it is considered a serious crime in most jurisdictions.

In the medical field, "Adult Survivors of Child Abuse" refers to individuals who have experienced physical, emotional, or sexual abuse during their childhood and are now adults. These individuals may have experienced abuse from a parent, caregiver, or other trusted adult, and may have suffered long-term emotional and psychological effects as a result. The term "survivor" acknowledges the resilience and strength of these individuals, who have managed to survive and cope with the trauma of their past experiences. However, it is important to note that the effects of child abuse can be long-lasting and may require ongoing support and treatment. In the medical field, healthcare providers may work with adult survivors of child abuse to address any physical or mental health issues related to their experiences, such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or chronic pain. Treatment may include therapy, medication, or other interventions to help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their overall well-being.

Child advocacy in the medical field refers to the practice of promoting and protecting the best interests and well-being of children, particularly those who are vulnerable or at risk. This can involve advocating for children's rights, ensuring that their healthcare needs are met, and working to prevent or address any forms of abuse or neglect. Child advocates in the medical field may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, schools, and social service agencies. They may also work with families, caregivers, and other professionals to ensure that children receive the care and support they need to thrive. Some specific areas of child advocacy in the medical field may include: * Advocating for children's access to healthcare services, including preventive care, medical treatment, and mental health services. * Working to prevent child abuse and neglect, including advocating for policies and programs that protect children from harm. * Supporting children who have experienced trauma or other forms of adversity, including advocating for their rights to receive appropriate care and support. * Advocating for children's rights to education and other opportunities, including working to ensure that they have access to the resources and support they need to succeed. Overall, child advocacy in the medical field is an important and critical role that helps to ensure that children receive the care and support they need to thrive and reach their full potential.

Child welfare in the medical field refers to the protection and promotion of the physical, emotional, and social well-being of children. It involves identifying and addressing any risks or threats to a child's health and safety, and providing support and services to families to help them meet their children's needs. Child welfare professionals, such as social workers, pediatricians, and nurses, work together to assess and address child welfare concerns. They may investigate reports of child abuse or neglect, provide counseling and therapy to families, and work with other agencies to ensure that children receive the necessary medical, educational, and emotional support. Child welfare also involves advocating for policies and programs that promote the health and well-being of children, such as access to healthcare, education, and safe housing. It is an important aspect of public health and is essential for ensuring that all children have the opportunity to grow and thrive.

Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is a serious medical condition that occurs when a baby or young child is violently shaken, causing injury to the brain and other vital organs. The shaking can cause the brain to move rapidly back and forth inside the skull, leading to damage to the brain's delicate nerve cells and blood vessels. Symptoms of SBS can include: - Seizures - Coma - Brain swelling - Convulsions - - - - - - - - - - SBS is a preventable condition, and it is important for caregivers to understand the risks of shaking a baby or young child. If you suspect that a child may have SBS, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent long-term complications and improve the child's chances of recovery.

Contusions, also known as bruises, are a type of injury that occurs when blood vessels in the skin and underlying tissues are damaged, causing bleeding into the surrounding tissue. This can result in a discoloration of the skin, usually appearing as a dark, blue or purple mark. Contusions can be caused by a variety of factors, including blunt trauma, falls, and sports injuries. They are typically not serious and can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation. In some cases, however, more severe contusions may require medical attention.

Child behavior refers to the actions, thoughts, and emotions of children and adolescents, typically ranging in age from birth to 18 years old. In the medical field, child behavior is studied and evaluated by healthcare professionals, such as pediatricians, child psychologists, and psychiatrists, to identify any potential behavioral issues or disorders that may affect a child's development and well-being. Child behavior can encompass a wide range of behaviors, including social interactions, academic performance, emotional regulation, and physical activity. It can also be influenced by various factors, such as genetics, environment, and life experiences. In the medical field, child behavior is often assessed through standardized tests, interviews with parents or caregivers, and observations of the child's behavior in different settings. This information can help healthcare professionals identify any potential behavioral problems or disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or conduct disorder, and develop appropriate treatment plans to address these issues.

In the medical field, "Bites, Human" refers to injuries caused by the bites or stings of animals or insects that are capable of inflicting harm on humans. These bites can be caused by a variety of animals, including dogs, cats, snakes, spiders, bees, wasps, and mosquitoes, among others. The severity of the injury can vary depending on the type of animal, the size of the bite, and the location of the bite on the body. Some bites may only cause minor discomfort and swelling, while others can lead to serious infections, allergic reactions, or even death. Treatment for human bites typically involves cleaning the wound, administering antibiotics to prevent infection, and providing pain relief as needed. In some cases, more serious medical intervention may be necessary, such as surgery to remove damaged tissue or to address complications from the bite.

Child rearing refers to the process of nurturing, educating, and guiding a child from birth to adulthood. It encompasses a wide range of activities, including providing basic needs such as food, shelter, and clothing, as well as emotional support, guidance, and discipline. Child rearing is a complex and multifaceted process that involves the interaction of various factors, including the child's individual characteristics, the family's social and economic circumstances, and the cultural and societal norms and values. In the medical field, child rearing is often studied in the context of child development and pediatric psychology, with a focus on promoting healthy child development and preventing or addressing any issues that may arise during the child-rearing process.

Substance-related disorders are a group of mental health conditions that are caused by the use of drugs or alcohol. These disorders can range from mild to severe and can have a significant impact on a person's life. Substance-related disorders are diagnosed when a person's use of drugs or alcohol causes problems in their daily life, such as problems at work or school, problems with relationships, or legal problems. Substance-related disorders can also lead to physical health problems, such as liver damage or heart disease. Treatment for substance-related disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication.

Rib fractures are breaks or cracks in one or more of the 12 pairs of ribs that make up the rib cage. They can occur as a result of direct trauma, such as a car accident or a fall, or from indirect trauma, such as a sports injury or a coughing fit. Rib fractures can be classified as either stable or unstable. Stable fractures involve only a crack in the bone, while unstable fractures involve a complete break or displacement of the bone. Stable fractures typically heal on their own within a few weeks to a few months, while unstable fractures may require medical intervention, such as surgery or casting, to promote healing and prevent complications. Symptoms of rib fractures may include pain, swelling, bruising, difficulty breathing, and a limited ability to move the affected area. Treatment for rib fractures may involve pain management, rest, and physical therapy to promote healing and prevent complications such as pneumonia or deep vein thrombosis. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or stabilize the fracture.

Child Health Services refer to the healthcare services and programs that are specifically designed to promote and maintain the health and well-being of children from birth to adolescence. These services are provided by healthcare professionals, including pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, and social workers, among others. Child Health Services may include routine check-ups, vaccinations, screenings for various health conditions, treatment for illnesses and injuries, and preventive care measures such as nutrition counseling and mental health support. These services may also address the unique health needs of children with special needs or disabilities. Child Health Services are essential for ensuring that children receive the care they need to grow and develop into healthy adults. They are typically provided through a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, schools, and community centers.

Battered Child Syndrome (BCS) is a term used in the medical field to describe a pattern of physical injuries that are consistent with repeated physical abuse in children. These injuries can include bruises, fractures, burns, and other types of trauma that are not consistent with an accidental injury. BCS is a complex medical condition that can be difficult to diagnose, as it often involves a combination of physical injuries, emotional trauma, and behavioral changes. It is important to note that BCS is not a medical diagnosis in and of itself, but rather a term used to describe a pattern of injuries that may be indicative of abuse. The diagnosis of BCS typically involves a thorough medical examination of the child, as well as interviews with the child, their parents or caregivers, and other relevant parties. In some cases, additional tests or procedures may be necessary to rule out other possible causes of the child's injuries. It is important to note that BCS is a serious medical condition that requires prompt and appropriate intervention. If you suspect that a child may be experiencing abuse, it is important to contact your local child protective services agency or law enforcement immediately.

Child behavior disorders are a group of conditions that affect a child's ability to behave appropriately in social situations and at home. These disorders can cause significant distress for both the child and their family, and can interfere with the child's ability to learn and function in daily life. Child behavior disorders can be classified into two main categories: internalizing disorders and externalizing disorders. Internalizing disorders include conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, and eating disorders, which are characterized by feelings of distress, withdrawal, and avoidance. Externalizing disorders, on the other hand, include conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD), which are characterized by impulsivity, aggression, and defiance. Child behavior disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, environmental factors, and trauma. Treatment for child behavior disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and support from parents, teachers, and other caregivers. Early intervention and treatment can help children with behavior disorders to develop the skills they need to manage their symptoms and lead healthy, fulfilling lives.

In the medical field, "crime victims" typically refers to individuals who have been physically or emotionally harmed as a result of a criminal act. This can include victims of assault, battery, sexual assault, robbery, and other violent crimes. Medical professionals who work with crime victims may include doctors, nurses, social workers, and other healthcare providers who provide medical treatment, emotional support, and other services to help victims recover from their injuries and cope with the aftermath of the crime. In addition to providing medical care, healthcare providers may also work with law enforcement agencies and other organizations to help victims report the crime, obtain justice, and access other resources and services that can help them recover and heal.

In the medical field, "wounds and injuries" refer to any type of damage or harm that is inflicted on the body, typically as a result of an external force or trauma. This can include cuts, scrapes, bruises, burns, fractures, and other types of physical trauma. Wounds can be classified based on their depth and severity. Superficial wounds only penetrate the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and are typically easy to treat. Deeper wounds, such as lacerations or punctures, can penetrate the dermis or subcutaneous tissue and may require more extensive medical attention. Injuries can also be classified based on their cause. For example, a fall may result in both a wound (such as a cut or bruise) and an injury (such as a broken bone or concussion). Injuries can be further classified based on their location, severity, and potential long-term effects. The treatment of wounds and injuries typically involves cleaning and dressing the affected area, administering pain medication if necessary, and monitoring for signs of infection or other complications. In some cases, more extensive medical treatment may be required, such as surgery or physical therapy.

Pain insensitivity, congenital, also known as congenital analgesia, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a complete or partial inability to feel pain. People with this condition are unable to sense pain from physical stimuli, such as burns, cuts, or injuries, and may not be aware of their own internal pain, such as that caused by inflammation or infection. This can lead to serious health problems, as individuals with congenital analgesia may not seek medical attention for injuries or infections until they become severe. The exact cause of congenital analgesia is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to mutations in genes that are involved in the transmission of pain signals in the nervous system.

Criminal law in the medical field refers to the application of criminal laws to medical professionals and their practices. It encompasses a range of offenses, including but not limited to: 1. Medical malpractice: This refers to the failure of a medical professional to provide proper care or treatment, resulting in harm or injury to a patient. 2. Fraud: This includes billing for services that were not provided, submitting false claims, or engaging in other fraudulent activities. 3. Sexual misconduct: This includes sexual abuse, harassment, or exploitation of patients by medical professionals. 4. Drug-related offenses: This includes the illegal use, possession, or distribution of controlled substances by medical professionals. 5. Criminal neglect: This refers to the failure of a medical professional to provide adequate care or treatment to a patient, resulting in harm or injury. 6. Criminal conspiracy: This involves the agreement between two or more individuals to commit a crime, such as the illegal distribution of controlled substances. Criminal law in the medical field is enforced by various agencies, including state medical boards, law enforcement agencies, and the courts. Penalties for violations of criminal law in the medical field can include fines, license revocation, imprisonment, and other legal consequences.

Cross-sectional studies are a type of observational research design used in the medical field to examine the prevalence or distribution of a particular health outcome or risk factor in a population at a specific point in time. In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of individuals who are all measured at the same time, rather than following them over time. Cross-sectional studies are useful for identifying associations between health outcomes and risk factors, but they cannot establish causality. For example, a cross-sectional study may find that people who smoke are more likely to have lung cancer than non-smokers, but it cannot determine whether smoking causes lung cancer or if people with lung cancer are more likely to smoke. Cross-sectional studies are often used in public health research to estimate the prevalence of diseases or conditions in a population, to identify risk factors for certain health outcomes, and to compare the health status of different groups of people. They can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions or to identify potential risk factors for disease outbreaks.

In the medical field, a "Child of Impaired Parents" refers to a child whose parents have a physical or mental impairment that may affect the child's health or development. This can include conditions such as genetic disorders, chronic illnesses, substance abuse, mental health issues, or developmental disabilities that may be passed down from the parents to their child. The term "Child of Impaired Parents" is often used in the context of medical research, public health, and social services to identify and address the unique needs of these children and their families. It is important to note that having impaired parents does not necessarily mean that a child will have health or developmental issues, but it does increase the risk. Early intervention and support can help mitigate these risks and improve outcomes for these children.

Child psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the development and behavior of children from birth to adolescence. It involves the study of cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral aspects of childhood and adolescence, and how these factors interact with each other to shape a child's development. Child psychologists work with children and their families to understand and address a wide range of issues, including learning difficulties, behavioral problems, emotional disorders, and developmental delays. They use a variety of assessment tools and techniques to evaluate children's cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, and develop interventions to help children overcome challenges and reach their full potential. Child psychologists also work with parents, teachers, and other caregivers to provide guidance and support on how to promote healthy development in children, and how to identify and address any issues that may arise. They may also work with policymakers and community organizations to develop programs and policies that promote the well-being of children and families.

In the medical field, "Child, Institutionalized" refers to a child who is living in an institution, such as a foster home, orphanage, or residential treatment center. This term is often used in medical records and research studies to describe the characteristics and health outcomes of children who have been removed from their homes and placed in institutional care. Institutionalized children may have experienced a range of challenges, including abuse, neglect, trauma, and behavioral or emotional problems. They may also have limited access to healthcare, education, and other resources that are important for their physical and mental health and development. The term "Child, Institutionalized" is not a medical diagnosis, but rather a description of a child's living situation. It is important for healthcare providers to be aware of the unique challenges and needs of institutionalized children, and to provide appropriate care and support to help them thrive.

Multiple trauma, also known as polytrauma, is a medical condition that refers to the occurrence of multiple injuries to different parts of the body as a result of a single traumatic event. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports injuries, and acts of violence. The severity of multiple trauma can vary widely, ranging from minor injuries that can be treated with conservative measures to life-threatening injuries that require immediate medical attention. Some common examples of injuries that can occur in multiple trauma include fractures, dislocations, lacerations, internal bleeding, and traumatic brain injury. The treatment of multiple trauma typically involves a multidisciplinary approach, with a team of healthcare professionals working together to provide the best possible care for the patient. This may include emergency medical services, trauma surgeons, anesthesiologists, critical care nurses, and rehabilitation specialists. The goal of treatment is to stabilize the patient's condition, manage their pain, and promote healing and recovery.

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a chronic and often relapsing brain disorder characterized by the excessive and compulsive consumption of alcohol despite negative consequences to one's health, relationships, and daily life. In the medical field, alcoholism is diagnosed based on a set of criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). These criteria include: 1. The presence of tolerance, which is the need to consume more alcohol to achieve the same desired effect. 2. The presence of withdrawal symptoms when alcohol use is reduced or stopped. 3. The presence of cravings or a strong desire to drink. 4. The continuation of alcohol use despite negative consequences, such as health problems, relationship problems, or legal problems. 5. The presence of significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning due to alcohol use. Alcoholism is a complex disorder that can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Treatment for alcoholism typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and support groups.

Marijuana abuse refers to the excessive or inappropriate use of marijuana, a psychoactive drug derived from the Cannabis plant. It is characterized by the use of marijuana for non-medical purposes, despite the potential negative consequences on an individual's physical and mental health, social life, and overall well-being. Marijuana abuse can manifest in various ways, including using marijuana more frequently or in larger amounts than intended, using it in situations where it is not appropriate, or experiencing withdrawal symptoms when trying to stop using it. It can also lead to physical dependence, addiction, and other mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, and psychosis. In the medical field, marijuana abuse is often treated through a combination of behavioral therapy, medication-assisted treatment, and support groups. The goal of treatment is to help individuals overcome their addiction to marijuana and manage any underlying mental health issues that may have contributed to their abuse.

Near drowning is a medical emergency that occurs when a person experiences respiratory distress due to submersion in water. It is characterized by a lack of oxygen to the brain and other vital organs, which can lead to serious health complications or even death if not treated promptly. Near drowning can occur in both fresh and salt water, and the severity of the condition depends on several factors, including the length of time the person was submerged, the depth of the water, and the presence of any underlying medical conditions. Symptoms of near drowning may include coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing, blue lips or fingernails, seizures, confusion, and loss of consciousness. Treatment typically involves immediate medical attention, including rescue breathing, chest compressions, and oxygen therapy, as well as further medical evaluation and monitoring for any complications that may arise.

Fractures, bone refer to a break or crack in a bone that occurs due to trauma or injury. Fractures can be classified based on their severity, location, and type. There are several types of bone fractures, including: 1. Simple fractures: These are clean breaks in the bone with no displacement of the broken ends. 2. Compound fractures: These are breaks in the bone that involve the skin and/or soft tissues surrounding the bone. 3. Comminuted fractures: These are fractures in which the bone is broken into multiple pieces. 4. Stress fractures: These are small cracks in the bone that occur due to repetitive stress or overuse. 5. Open fractures: These are fractures in which the broken bone pierces through the skin. 6. Closed fractures: These are fractures in which the broken bone is contained within the skin. The treatment for bone fractures depends on the severity and location of the fracture, as well as the patient's overall health. Treatment options may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), casting, surgery, or physical therapy.

In the medical field, a checklist is a document or tool used to ensure that all necessary tasks or procedures are completed accurately and efficiently. Checklists are often used in healthcare settings to improve patient safety and reduce the risk of medical errors. Checklists typically include a series of items or tasks that need to be completed, such as taking a patient's vital signs, administering medication, or performing a surgical procedure. Each item on the checklist is typically accompanied by a brief description or instruction to help healthcare providers remember what needs to be done. Checklists can be used in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, and ambulatory care centers. They are often used by healthcare providers, such as doctors, nurses, and technicians, to ensure that they are following established protocols and procedures. The use of checklists in healthcare has been shown to improve patient outcomes and reduce the risk of medical errors. By providing a structured and standardized approach to care, checklists can help healthcare providers to work more efficiently and effectively, and to ensure that all necessary tasks are completed accurately and consistently.

Failure to thrive (FTT) is a medical condition in which a child is not growing and developing at the expected rate. This can be due to a variety of factors, including poor nutrition, underlying medical conditions, or environmental factors. FTT is typically diagnosed when a child's weight and/or height are below the 3rd percentile on growth charts, or when there is a significant decrease in weight or height over a period of time. FTT can have serious consequences for a child's health and development, and prompt medical attention is necessary to identify and address the underlying cause.

Dental care for children refers to the preventive, restorative, and therapeutic procedures and services provided to children to maintain and promote their oral health. It includes regular check-ups, cleaning, fluoride treatments, sealants, fillings, extractions, and other procedures as needed to prevent and treat dental problems in children. The goal of dental care for children is to establish good oral hygiene habits early in life, prevent tooth decay and gum disease, and address any dental problems that may arise. It is important to start dental care for children as soon as their first tooth appears, usually around six months of age. Dental care for children may be provided by pediatric dentists, general dentists, or other dental professionals who have received specialized training in treating children's dental needs. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are recommended every six months to monitor a child's oral health and detect any potential problems early on.

Leg injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, or nerves in the leg. These injuries can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe fractures, dislocations, and nerve damage. Leg injuries can occur as a result of accidents, sports injuries, falls, or other types of trauma. Treatment for leg injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include rest, ice, compression, elevation, physical therapy, or surgery. It is important to seek medical attention for any leg injury to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

Arm injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, or nerves in the arm. These injuries can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe fractures, dislocations, and nerve damage. Some common arm injuries include: 1. Fractures: A fracture is a break in one or more bones in the arm. Fractures can be caused by a direct blow, a fall, or a twisting injury. 2. Dislocations: A dislocation occurs when a bone in the arm is forced out of its socket. This can be caused by a fall or a direct blow. 3. Tendinitis: Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons in the arm. This can be caused by overuse or repetitive motions. 4. Bursitis: Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa, which is a small fluid-filled sac that cushions the joint. This can be caused by repetitive motions or a direct blow. 5. Strains and sprains: Strains and sprains are injuries to the muscles and ligaments in the arm. These can be caused by overuse, a fall, or a direct blow. Treatment for arm injuries depends on the severity of the injury. Minor injuries may be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). More severe injuries may require surgery, physical therapy, or other medical interventions. It is important to seek medical attention for any arm injury to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

In the medical field, the term "child orphaned" typically refers to a child who has lost both of their parents, either through death or abandonment. This can have significant emotional, social, and physical impacts on the child, and may require specialized medical and psychological care to address. In some cases, orphaned children may also be at increased risk for certain health problems, such as malnutrition, developmental delays, and mental health issues.

In the medical field, "age factors" refer to the effects of aging on the body and its various systems. As people age, their bodies undergo a variety of changes that can impact their health and well-being. These changes can include: 1. Decreased immune function: As people age, their immune system becomes less effective at fighting off infections and diseases. 2. Changes in metabolism: Aging can cause changes in the way the body processes food and uses energy, which can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance, and other metabolic disorders. 3. Cardiovascular changes: Aging can lead to changes in the heart and blood vessels, including increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. 4. Cognitive changes: Aging can affect memory, attention, and other cognitive functions, which can lead to conditions such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 5. Joint and bone changes: Aging can cause changes in the joints and bones, including decreased bone density and increased risk of osteoporosis and arthritis. 6. Skin changes: Aging can cause changes in the skin, including wrinkles, age spots, and decreased elasticity. 7. Hormonal changes: Aging can cause changes in hormone levels, including decreased estrogen in women and decreased testosterone in men, which can lead to a variety of health issues. Overall, age factors play a significant role in the development of many health conditions and can impact a person's quality of life. It is important for individuals to be aware of these changes and to take steps to maintain their health and well-being as they age.

Hemorrhagic disorders are medical conditions that involve excessive bleeding or bleeding that does not stop easily. These disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic defects, vitamin deficiencies, hormonal imbalances, and certain medications. Hemorrhagic disorders can affect different parts of the body, including the skin, gastrointestinal tract, brain, and other organs. Some common types of hemorrhagic disorders include hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, and thrombocytopenia. Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that affects the blood's ability to clot properly. People with hemophilia have a deficiency in one of the clotting factors, which can lead to excessive bleeding after an injury or surgery. Von Willebrand disease is another genetic disorder that affects the blood's ability to clot properly. People with von Willebrand disease have a deficiency in von Willebrand factor, which is a protein that helps platelets stick together and form clots. Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which the body does not produce enough platelets, which are necessary for blood clotting. This can lead to excessive bleeding, especially after an injury or surgery. Treatment for hemorrhagic disorders typically involves replacing the missing clotting factors or increasing the number of platelets in the blood. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to stop bleeding.

In the medical field, mental disorders are conditions that affect a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, causing significant distress or impairment in daily functioning. Mental disorders are diagnosed based on a set of criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is published by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM-5 categorizes mental disorders into several broad categories, including: 1. Anxiety disorders: conditions characterized by excessive fear or worry, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. 2. Mood disorders: conditions characterized by significant changes in mood, such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia. 3. Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders: conditions characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and abnormal behavior, such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and delusional disorder. 4. Neurodevelopmental disorders: conditions that begin in childhood and affect cognitive and social development, such as autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 5. Personality disorders: conditions characterized by enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that deviate from societal norms and cause significant distress or impairment, such as borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. 6. Substance-related and addictive disorders: conditions characterized by the use of substances or behaviors that cause significant impairment in daily functioning, such as alcohol use disorder, opioid use disorder, and gambling disorder. 7. Eating disorders: conditions characterized by abnormal eating behaviors that cause significant distress or impairment, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Mental disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors, and they can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Treatment for mental disorders typically involves a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

Child nutrition disorders refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the growth and development of children due to inadequate or imbalanced nutrition. These disorders can result from a variety of factors, including poor diet, malabsorption, overeating, and genetic or metabolic disorders. Some common examples of child nutrition disorders include: 1. Malnutrition: This refers to a lack of adequate nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals, in the diet. Malnutrition can result in stunted growth, weakened immune system, and other health problems. 2. Overnutrition: This refers to consuming too much food, leading to obesity and other health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. 3. Eating disorders: These are mental health conditions that involve abnormal eating habits, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. 4. Food allergies and intolerances: These are conditions in which the body reacts negatively to certain foods, leading to symptoms such as digestive problems, hives, and difficulty breathing. 5. Nutrient deficiencies: These occur when the body does not get enough of a particular nutrient, such as iron, vitamin D, or calcium, leading to health problems such as anemia, weak bones, and impaired immune function. Child nutrition disorders can have serious long-term consequences for a child's health and development, and it is important for parents and caregivers to be aware of the signs and symptoms of these conditions and seek medical attention if necessary.

Child language refers to the language that children acquire as they grow and develop. It encompasses the sounds, words, grammar, and syntax that children use to communicate with others. In the medical field, child language is an important aspect of child development and can be studied to identify any potential language delays or disorders. For example, a speech-language pathologist may assess a child's language skills to determine if they are developing at a typical rate or if there are any areas of concern that may require intervention. Additionally, child language can be used to track a child's cognitive and social development, as language is closely tied to these areas of growth.

Child nutritional physiological phenomena refer to the various physiological processes that occur in children related to nutrition. These processes include digestion, absorption, metabolism, and growth and development. Understanding these phenomena is important for ensuring that children receive adequate nutrition to support their health and development. Nutritional deficiencies or imbalances can have serious consequences for children's health, including stunted growth, cognitive impairment, and increased risk of disease. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to monitor and assess children's nutritional status and provide appropriate interventions to ensure optimal nutrition.

In the medical field, "Burns" refer to damage to the skin and other tissues caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, radiation, or friction. Burns can be classified into three categories based on the severity of the damage: 1. First-degree burns: These are the mildest type of burns and affect only the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). They may appear red, painful, and slightly swollen, but usually heal on their own within a few days. 2. Second-degree burns: These burns penetrate the epidermis and affect the underlying layer of skin (dermis). They may appear white, moist, and painful, and may blister. Second-degree burns can take several weeks to heal, and may leave scars. 3. Third-degree burns: These are the most severe type of burns and affect all layers of the skin, as well as underlying tissues such as fat, muscle, and bone. Third-degree burns appear white or black, are painless at first, and may require surgery and skin grafts to heal. They can also lead to serious complications such as infection, shock, and organ damage. Burns can also be classified based on the cause, such as thermal burns (caused by heat), chemical burns (caused by chemicals), electrical burns (caused by electricity), and radiation burns (caused by radiation). Treatment for burns depends on the severity and type of burn, and may include wound care, pain management, antibiotics, and surgery.

Craniocerebral trauma refers to an injury to the head and brain that results from a blow or impact to the head. This type of injury can be caused by a variety of factors, including falls, car accidents, sports injuries, and assaults. Craniocerebral trauma can range from mild to severe and can result in a wide range of symptoms, depending on the location and severity of the injury. Some common symptoms of craniocerebral trauma include headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, confusion, memory loss, and changes in behavior or personality. In more severe cases, craniocerebral trauma can result in loss of consciousness, seizures, and even death. Treatment for craniocerebral trauma depends on the severity of the injury and can range from observation and monitoring in a hospital setting to surgery to repair skull fractures or remove blood clots. Rehabilitation may also be necessary to help individuals recover from the physical and cognitive effects of the injury.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after a person experiences or witnesses a traumatic event, such as a natural disaster, military combat, sexual assault, or physical violence. PTSD is characterized by a cluster of symptoms that can include intrusive thoughts or memories of the traumatic event, avoidance of reminders of the event, negative changes in mood or cognition, and increased arousal or reactivity. These symptoms can significantly impair a person's daily functioning and quality of life. PTSD is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional using a standardized set of criteria, and treatment may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both.

Child mortality refers to the number of deaths of children under the age of five per 1,000 live births in a given population or geographic area. It is a commonly used measure of the health and well-being of children in a community or country. Child mortality is an important indicator of the overall health of a population, as it reflects the quality of healthcare, access to basic services, and living conditions in a given area. High child mortality rates are often associated with poverty, malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, and poor sanitation. Reducing child mortality is a key goal of public health efforts and is often included in national development plans and international development goals.

Retinal hemorrhage is a medical condition in which there is bleeding within the retina, which is the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye. The blood can accumulate in the retina, causing small red or pink spots, or it can leak into the space between the retina and the underlying layer of the eye, causing larger, more diffuse areas of bleeding. Retinal hemorrhages can be caused by a variety of factors, including high blood pressure, diabetes, trauma, and certain medications. They can also be a sign of more serious underlying conditions, such as a bleeding disorder or a brain injury. Retinal hemorrhages can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam, which may include a dilated eye exam, a retinal scan, or other imaging tests. Treatment for retinal hemorrhages depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the bleeding. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary, while in others, medications or surgery may be recommended to prevent further bleeding or to treat the underlying condition.

Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) is a mental health condition characterized by a persistent pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others, lacks empathy, and is often manipulative or deceitful. People with ASPD tend to have a disregard for the law, engage in impulsive and reckless behavior, and have difficulty maintaining stable relationships. They may also have a history of substance abuse, criminal behavior, and financial problems. ASPD is considered a personality disorder because it is a long-term pattern of behavior that begins in childhood or adolescence and persists throughout adulthood. It is not caused by a specific event or trauma, but rather by a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors. Diagnosis of ASPD typically involves a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, including a clinical interview and psychological testing. Treatment for ASPD may include therapy, medication, and support groups, but it can be challenging due to the resistance to treatment and the persistence of the disorder.

In the medical field, "cultural characteristics" refer to the unique traits, beliefs, values, and behaviors that are specific to a particular cultural group. These characteristics can influence an individual's health behaviors, attitudes towards healthcare, and interactions with healthcare providers. Cultural characteristics can include language, religion, family structure, social norms, dietary habits, traditional healing practices, and beliefs about illness and health. Understanding an individual's cultural characteristics is important for healthcare providers to provide culturally competent care that is respectful, effective, and appropriate for the patient's needs and preferences. Cultural competence in healthcare involves being aware of and sensitive to the cultural differences and similarities among patients, families, and communities. It requires healthcare providers to adopt a patient-centered approach that takes into account the patient's cultural background, values, and beliefs, and to tailor their care accordingly. By doing so, healthcare providers can improve patient satisfaction, reduce health disparities, and promote better health outcomes.

Child custody is not typically defined in the medical field, but rather in the legal field. Child custody refers to the legal rights and responsibilities of a parent or other caregiver to make decisions about a child's upbringing, including where the child will live, who will make medical decisions for the child, and how the child's time will be spent. In the medical field, child custody may be relevant in cases where a child's health or well-being is at risk, and a court may need to make decisions about who has the right to make medical decisions for the child.

A subdural hematoma is a type of hematoma that occurs when blood accumulates between the dura mater (outermost layer of the brain) and the arachnoid mater (middle layer of the brain). It is also known as a subdural effusion or subdural collection. Subdural hematomas can be caused by a variety of factors, including head injury, bleeding disorders, and certain medications. They can also occur spontaneously, without any known cause. Symptoms of a subdural hematoma may include headache, nausea and vomiting, confusion, drowsiness, seizures, and changes in mental status. In severe cases, a subdural hematoma can lead to brain swelling, which can cause life-threatening complications. Treatment for a subdural hematoma typically involves surgery to remove the blood and relieve pressure on the brain. In some cases, conservative management with observation and medication may be appropriate. The prognosis for a subdural hematoma depends on the severity of the injury and the promptness of treatment.

In the medical field, age distribution refers to the distribution of individuals within a population based on their age. It is a statistical measure that provides information about the age structure of a population, including the number and proportion of people in different age groups. Age distribution is important in medical research and public health because it can help identify patterns and trends in health outcomes, disease incidence, and mortality rates across different age groups. For example, age distribution can be used to identify which age groups are most at risk for certain diseases or conditions, and to develop targeted interventions to improve health outcomes in those groups. Age distribution can be measured in various ways, including by age range (e.g., 0-14 years, 15-24 years, etc.), by age group (e.g., children, adolescents, adults, seniors), or by age quintile (e.g., the first quintile includes the youngest 20% of the population, the second quintile includes the next 20%, etc.).

In the medical field, a curriculum refers to a comprehensive plan or program of study that outlines the knowledge, skills, and experiences that medical students are expected to acquire during their education. The curriculum typically includes a combination of classroom instruction, laboratory work, clinical rotations, and other learning activities designed to prepare students for their future careers as healthcare professionals. The curriculum for medical students typically covers a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, medical ethics, and clinical skills. Medical schools may also offer electives or specialized tracks that allow students to focus on specific areas of interest, such as pediatrics, surgery, or public health. The curriculum is typically developed and maintained by a team of educators, administrators, and healthcare professionals, and is subject to ongoing review and revision to ensure that it remains current and relevant to the evolving needs of the medical field.

In the medical field, "Canada" typically refers to the country located in North America, bordered by the United States to the south and the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Pacific Ocean to the north, east, and west, respectively. Canada is the second-largest country in the world by land area and has a diverse population of over 38 million people. In the context of healthcare, Canada has a publicly funded healthcare system known as Medicare, which provides universal coverage for medically necessary hospital and physician services to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents. However, there are also private healthcare options available in Canada, and some Canadians may choose to seek medical treatment outside of the country. Canada is also home to a number of world-renowned medical research institutions and universities, including the University of Toronto, McGill University, and the University of British Columbia, which conduct cutting-edge research in fields such as genetics, immunology, and neuroscience.

... the forms of child abuse perpetrated on children with disabilities; the extent of child abuse; and the causes of child abuse of ... Despite the abuse, the child may show attachment to the parent. Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a form of child abuse in which an ... The Child Abuse Victims Rights Act of 1986 gave victims of child abuse the ability to file lawsuits against abuse perpetrators ... Treatment is greatly important for abused children. On the other hand, there are some children who are raised in child abuse, ...
... "News". Retrieved 25 October 2019. Sidebotham, Peter (29 June 2018). "Child Abuse Review: Rising to new ... Child Abuse Review is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal with a focus on child protection, including research findings ... Child Abuse Review. "Overview". Wiley. doi:10.1002/(ISSN)1099-0852. Retrieved 10 September 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal ... formerly the British Association for the Study and Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (BASPCAN). It is co-edited by Jane V. ...
Child marriage Child-on-child sexual abuse Child pornography Child sex tourism Child sexual abuse in Nigeria Child welfare ... It looked at different forms of child abuse: physical abuse, sexual abuse and emotional abuse and girl child neglect in five ... Child sexual abuse (CSA), also called child molestation, is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a ... Online predator Penn State child sex abuse scandal Prostitution of children Protect Rochdale child sex abuse ring Sexual ...
Child Abuse's 'Bebe'". Village Voice. Retrieved 28 July 2022. "CHILD ABUSE Band Page". www.skingraftrecords.com. "Child Abuse: ... Child Abuse - CD/LP Album (Lovepump United Records/Rococo Records, 2007) Child Abuse/Zs - 7" Split Album (Zum, 2008) Child ... Child Abuse". FECAL FACE DOT COM. Retrieved 21 March 2013. Sinclair, Jesara. "THE LOCUST + Despised Icon + Child Abuse @ ... In 2014 Child Abuse joined the Skin Graft Records label for their third album Trouble in Paradise. This same lineup was used ...
2005 report into child abuse in the Diocese of Ferns, in Ireland Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse - 2014 English & ... Child abuse inquiry may refer to: Mother and Baby Homes Commission of Investigation - Irish inquiry, which reported in 2021 ... abuse cases in the Catholic archdiocese of Dublin This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Child abuse ... Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse - Irish inquiry, which published the Ryan Report in 2009 Ferns Report - ...
... is a monthly peer-reviewed interdisciplinary social science journal covering child protection. It was ... "Child Abuse & Neglect". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2018. Official ... established in 1977 and is the official journal of the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. It is ...
... online child abuse is recognized as a form of child abuse by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. ... Online child abuse is a unique form of child abuse also known as "Cyber Molestation" due to its virtual, distanced, and ... "Child abuse and neglect". NSPCC. "Online abuse". NSPCC. National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. "New report ... Online child abuse, Child sexual abuse, Cyberbullying, Cybercrime). ...
... of Chinese children have suffered physical abuse, 19.6% emotional abuse, 8.7% sexual abuse, and 26% neglect" (107). That is a ... 2,503 centers have been set up in China to handle sexual abuse cases against minors. Child abuse in the United States Zhu, ... of the rural children and 21.9% of the total Chinese children" (1). That is an enormous amount of children who are without one ... Child abuse in China is not clearly defined by the Chinese law code. The law of the People's Republic of China on the ...
Pakistan ranks third in online child abuse.Child sexual abuse is often neglected in Pakistan. The estimated child abuse in ... "Pakistan ranks 3rd in online child abuse: NGO report". ANI News. 19 April 2023. "Child Abuse IN Pakistan - CHILD ABUSE IN ... In 2022 a total 4,253 cases of child abuse were reported, half of them were sexual abuse. In 2023, the total number of abuse ... "Child Abuse in Pakistan - Research impact". University of Bradford. Retrieved 2023-08-22. "Child sexual abuse up by 33% in 2022 ...
Abuse Child abuse Child sexual abuse False allegation of child sexual abuse Sexual abuse Charles, Pragnell. "The Cleveland ... The Cleveland child abuse scandal is a wave of suspected child sexual abuse cases in 1987 in Cleveland, England, many of which ... Abuse, Child sexual abuse in England, Children's rights in England, 1987 in England, Scandals in England, 1987 in British law, ... the Children Act 1989 was implemented in full as a result of the Cleveland child abuse scandal and other child related events ...
"Child protection: Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry - gov.scot". Scottish Government. Retrieved 17 May 2021. "Scottish Child Abuse ... Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. "Child abuse inquiry says orphanages were places of 'threat and abuse'". BBC News. 11 October ... Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. 31 May 2017. "Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry Hearings: Continuation of Phase 2". Scottish Child ... as he steps down from child abuse inquiry". The Herald. Retrieved 16 May 2021. "Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry". Scottish Child ...
The Wenatchee child sex-abuse investigations are the nation's most blatant example of continuing judicial abuse, civil ... Forty-three adults were arrested on 29,726 charges of child sex abuse, involving 60 children in 1995. Parents and Sunday school ... and many were convicted of abusing children, often including their own, or their foster children. Several of the accused ... The Wenatchee child abuse prosecutions in Wenatchee, Washington, US, of 1994 and 1995, were the last "large scale Multi-Victim ...
Sibling abuse, the abuse of children by their own siblings Substance abuse Teenage rebellion "Child to Parent Violence Services ... Child abuse and spousal abuse are discussed, but parents abused by their own offspring are still considered by many to be a ... Animal abuse Child abuse Dysfunctional family Elder abuse Juvenile delinquency Parental alienation Runaway (dependent) ... whether it be parental abuses or child abuses. Intervention is perhaps the best solution to confront adolescent parental abuse ...
... because of allegations of child abuse. The children denied that any abuse had occurred, and medical examinations did not reveal ... The Orkney child abuse scandal began on 27 February 1991, when social workers and police removed children-five boys and four ... Day-care sex-abuse hysteria Peter Ellis (childcare worker) St Helena child abuse scandal "The Orkney Inquiry". The Therapeutic ... Children's rights in Scotland, Social care in Scotland, 20th century in Orkney, Child sexual abuse in Scotland). ...
Biker Against Child Abuse' arrested for child porn". www.chron.com. Chron. March 17, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2019. "Anti-child ... "Templars Against Child Abuse (T.A.C.A)". Retrieved 2019-07-21. "Bikers Against Child Abuse". Retrieved 2019-07-21. "The ... "Evaluation of Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA) program: A community intervention for child abuse victims" (PDF). www.news9.com ... for 23 counts of abusing foster children in their care, including indecency with a child and injury to a child. The Sam Bass ...
Child abuse can take various forms, including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect. Different ... Delayed effects of child abuse and neglect, especially emotional neglect, and the diversity of acts that qualify as child abuse ... Child abuse refers to the physical, sexual, and/ or psychological maltreatment or neglect of a child or children, particularly ... This in some instances stem from the lack of an explicit definition to child abuse. For example, Child abuse in China is not ...
Exploitation and Child Abuse Command), then split off to create the Child Abuse and Sexual Offences command (CASO) in 2016. ... inquiry into the Cleveland child abuse scandal, and the introduction of the Children Act 1989. Child Protection Teams were ... Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse. The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse. Retrieved 5 December 2021. " ... A Child Abuse Investigation Team/Unit (CAIT) is a unit within a police force in the United Kingdom, responsible for ...
Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal Abuse Child abuse Child sexual abuse Institutional abuse Sexual abuse Sexual misconduct " ... Institutional abuse, School sexual abuse scandals, Sexual abuse cover-ups, Sex scandals in the United Kingdom, Child sex rings ... "Jersey child abuse probe finds suspect sites". CNN. 3 March 2008. "Child's body found at care home". bbc.co.uk. 23 February ... "there is no hiding place in Jersey for anyone who abused children or, who in any way may have colluded with that abuse and no ...
The Kern County child abuse cases started the day care sexual abuse hysteria of the 1980s in Kern County, California. The cases ... He was re-arrested in 2012 on suspicion of child molestation in Oregon. In July 2013, Self pleaded guilty to sexually abusing ... Prior to the start of the Kern County child abuse cases, several local social workers had attended a training seminar that ... Archive.is Kern County child abuse cases Archived 2004-08-12 at the Wayback Machine at the Ontario Consultants on Religious ...
Category:Child sexual abuse in Australia Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse Royal Commission ... "Child abuse and neglect statistics - Child Family Community Australia". Australian Institute of Family Studies. Retrieved 9 ... Child sexual abuse is a matter of concern in Australia, and is the subject of investigation and prosecution under the law, and ... Child sexual abuse has been connected to later emotional and behavioural problems in victims, and to an increased tendency ...
Child prostitution in the United Kingdom, British people convicted of child sexual abuse, Crime in Oxfordshire, Incidents of ... The Banbury child sex abuse ring was a group of six men who committed serious sexual offences against under-aged girls in the ... "MP raises concerns over lawyer in Banbury grooming trial referring to child abuse victims as 'slags'". Banbury Guardian. 9 ... The offences were rape, sexual activity with a child and inciting a child to engage in sexual activity. The six men were named ...
Summit, Roland C. (1993-05-14). "Abuse of the Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome". Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 1 (4 ... Summit, Roland (1983). "The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome" (PDF). Child Abuse Negl. 7 (2): 177-93. doi:10.1016/0145 ... Summit in 1983 to describe how he believed sexually abused children responded to ongoing sexual abuse. He said children "learn ... De Young argued that CSAAS is used to justify any statement made by a child as an indication that sexual abuse had occurred, ...
... is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, scholarly journal that provides an interface for ... a greater acknowledgment of child sexual abuse, and development of effective assessment, intervention, and prevention programs ... The journal advocates for increased networking in the sexual abuse field, greater dissemination of information and research, ...
The Derby child sex abuse ring was a group of men who sexually abused up to a hundred girls in Derby, England. In 2010, after ... Child prostitution in the United Kingdom, British people convicted of child sexual abuse, Crime in Derby, Forced prostitution, ... Grierson, Jamie (15 December 2020). "Most child sexual abuse gangs made up of white men, Home Office report says". The Guardian ... "Derby sex gang convicted of grooming and abusing girls". BBC. 24 November 2010. "Derby rape gang 'targeted children'". BBC. 24 ...
Child sexual abuse prevention programs provided to children are said to be the most common type of primary prevention of child ... Taal, M. and Edelaar, M. (1997) Positive and Negative Effects of a Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program, Child Abuse & Neglect ... Child sexual abuse prevention programs are programs designed to lower the incidence of sexual abuse amongst those that access ... Child-focused, school-based sexual abuse prevention programs aim to increase the knowledge and skills of children and to ...
British people convicted of child sexual abuse, Incidents of violence against girls, Keighley, Child sex rings). ... The Keighley child sex abuse ring was a group of twelve men who committed serious sexual offences against two under-aged girls ... "MP who warned of sex abuse gang says he was abused and threatened for making claims". ITV News. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 8 ... Those found guilty were named as: List of sexual abuses perpetrated by groups "11 men guilty of sexually abusing white ...
"BT puts block on child porn sites". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 April 2010. McIntyre, TJ. "Child Abuse images and ... The child abuse image content list (CAIC List) is a list of URLs and image hashes provided by the Internet Watch Foundation to ... Home Office minister Alan Campbell pledged that all ISPs would block access to child abuse websites by the end of 2007 and UK ... McIntyre, T J. "Child Abuse images and Cleanfeeds: Assessing Internet Blocking Systems". Retrieved 6 May 2014. Steve Crocker, ...
"Nine jailed for abusing care home girls". 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019. "Child sexual abuse ring in Halifax: 25 ... British people convicted of child sexual abuse, Child prostitution in the United Kingdom, Crime in West Yorkshire, Forced ... The Halifax child sex abuse ring was a group of men who committed serious sexual offences against under-aged girls in the ... In total, as many as a hundred men may have been involved in child abuse. Twenty-five suspects were charged by West Yorkshire ...
... is a form of child sexual abuse in which a prepubescent child is sexually abused by one or more ... "Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? Preventing Sexual Abuse Among Children and Youth" Archived 2017-09-02 at the Wayback ... this act may still result in harm to the other child and is a form of child-on-child sexual abuse. Furthermore, children who ... "Child on child sexual abuse: Psychological perspectives". Child Abuse & Neglect. 24 (12): 1591-1600. doi:10.1016/S0145-2134(00) ...
... stating that sexual abuse as a form of child abuse within New Zealand made up the smallest percentage of abused children, and ... Drug and alcohol abuse put a child in an environment in which the significance of child abuse is greatly increased compared ... Wynd, Donna (2013). "Child abuse: an analysis of Child Youth and Family data" (PDF). Retrieved 28 April 2014. Ministry of ... Use dmy dates from April 2022, Children's rights in New Zealand, Child welfare in New Zealand, Child abuse in New Zealand). ...
Mothers and Children: Understanding Links between Woman Battering and Child Abuse. The Effect of Domestic Violence on Pregnancy ... Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview. Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents ... In Harms Way: Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment. ... Domestic Violence as a Form of Child Abuse. ... Problems Associated with Children Witnessing Domestic Violence. ... Reaching Children from Violent Homes. PCADV Related Domestic ...
COVID-19: Children at heightened risk of abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence amidst intensifying containment measures - ... Newly released technical guidance aims to help authorities strengthen protection measures for children during pandemic ...
FindLaws overview of child abuse laws in Minnesota. Learn more about this and similar topics at FindLaws section on Minnesota ... Child abuse is considered a serious crime in every state, including Minnesota. State law defines child abuse as an intentional ... Sometimes theres a fine line between reasonable punishment and child abuse. Charges of child abuse can have a negative impact ... Crimes Against Children Arrested for Violating Minnesota Child Abuse Laws? Get Legal Help. ...
Child abuse can have many forms. It can have long lasting emotional effects. Learn about child abuse. ... Child Abuse and Neglect (Childrens Bureau) * Child Abuse: The Hidden Bruises (American Academy of Child and Adolescent ... Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child ... Child neglect and emotional abuse (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Child physical abuse (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ...
For many centuries the laws and federal agencies have failed to protect kids from Child abuse. Child Abuse is a substantial ... Child Abuse And Its Effects On Children s Life Essay. Child abuse is just one of the problems in America we face today. Child ... Child Abuse and Neglect Essay. "The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act" states that "child abuse is the leading cause of ... Child Abuse Prevention And Treatment Act. What is child abuse? From the word "abuse" we can understand that it is some sort of ...
Doctors said wed abused our baby. Who would believe us? ... experts in both child abuse and OI concluded the military ... Thats when they decided to arrest Miguel for felony child abuse.. Miguel was released on bond, but more problems began. He had ... Because fractures stemming from compression injuries are often an indicator of child abuse, and noting Miguels seeming lack of ... The child was still in foster care. They photographed the burn and went before a judge, showing the pictures and citing other ...
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One more state is on track to deliver a public registry for child sex abuse offenders, but one expert is warning against ... Laws across Australia are hardening towards the horror crime of child sex abuse, with another state on track to deliver a ... South Australia will be the second state to introduce a public registry of convicted child sex abuse offenders. Picture NCA ... Alongside a planned registry, South Australia has increased its penalties for a range of child sex abuse offences and closed ...
... A Raleigh man faces accusations that he sold drugs with a toddler in the backseat ... Yarborough was charged with misdemeanor child abuse, maintaining a vehicle for a controlled substance and two counts each of ...
Even After Escape, Children Still Suffer Domestic Abuse Post-separation abuse is real. Posted April 21, 2022 , Reviewed by Lybi ... The result: Children are not protected. If someone abuses their adult partner, why would we think a child who is smaller and ... Domestic Abuse and Custody. People who abuse their partners may continue to control them through their children for years after ... Abusing Through the Children. Domestic abusers typically use many of the same coercive and controlling tactics with children as ...
25 cartoon of Radovan Karadzic and Slobodan Milosevic: ``Actually, we both had abused childhoods. T ... 25 cartoon of Radovan Karadzic and Slobodan Milosevic: ``Actually, we both had abused childhoods. That child abuse can create ... If so, then I agree that societys growing awareness of the consequences of child abuse has led to unreasonable and dangerous ... German psychologist Alice Millers book, ``For Your Own Good, shows how cruel child-rearing practices helped to create a ...
Read Child abuse probe criticised for relying on amateurs latest on ITV News. All the Politics, UK news ... Child abuse probe criticised for relying on amateurs. The inquiry into an alleged Home Office cover-up of child abuse ... Theresa May has defended the appointment of Baroness Butler-Sloss to the wide-ranging inquiry into allegations of child abuse ... caused by her background and family connections to the child sex abuse inquiry. ...
Dedicated to the prevention of child abuse. Disclaimer: Neither LifeNET, Inc., nor anyone connected with this website, make any ...
Often a child has been the victim of more than one type of abuse. Many children who are known to have been physically abused or ... Straight Talk About Child Abuse: High School Help Line. Dell.. Videos. *Child Abuse. 1994. Cynwyd, B. Schlessinger Video ... What can be done to prevent child abuse and neglect?. The number of children who are abused and neglected will not decline ... National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.. *Kropenske, V., and J. Howard. 1994. Protecting Children in Substance- Abusing ...
Prevent Child Abuse America Prevent Child Abuse America is the nations oldest and largest organization committed to preventing ... Since 1972, Prevent Child Abuse America has defined the national approach to child neglect and abuse. ... Prevent Child Abuse America is a registered 501(c)3 organization. Our tax ID/EIN number is 23-7235671. View our 2021 990 form. ... Prevent Child Abuse America annual reports from the past several years are available for you to view, download, and enjoy. ...
Romanian authorities say they have busted a human trafficking and child slavery ring in the countrys northwestern Maramures ... The abuse of the children allegedly took place from 2014 until this month.. "Actually, the youngsters were held hostage, were ... Authorities didnt say how many children were victims, but some of them were placed in the custody of child-protection services ... The children, aged 12 to 18 years, were allegedly deprived of food and forced to do exhausting work. Some of them tried to kill ...
A Tennessee sheriff says two people face child abuse charges after deputies found an autistic child locked in a cage. ... JONESBOROUGH, Tennessee - Two people were charged with child abuse after deputies found an autistic girl locked in a cage at a ... Two adults, 69-year-old Mickey Sparks and 43-year-old Patricia Laws, were each charged with aggravated child abuse and neglect ... Sheriff: Autistic girl was caged; Child abuse charges filed. Published February 7, 2017. ...
Small Talk Childrens Advocacy Center is making an impact in the lives of child victims of abuse. They provide counseling, ... Kids can learn and grow in a difficult process.. "A lot of kids have said things like I just felt a huge weight lifted off my ... WILX) - A local non-profit is making an impact in the lives of child victims of abuse. It can be extremely difficult for ... Small Talk helps kids of abuse heal. Visit SmallTalkCAC.org to donate towards advocacy efforts.. ...
Child Abuse & Neglect Prevention Services * Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse or Educator Misconduct ... Assistance to the child abuse investigators with student information requests for child abuse investigation purposes. ... followed by children 6-11 then children 12-17 years old.. Children aged 0-3 years are at the greatest risk of any abuse. They ... Child Abuse & Neglect Prevention Services, in operation since 1984, is designed to ensure that all students will engage in ...
She shares her story of struggle of how to help a child who has signs of abuse. ... A foster parent suspects child abuse but authorities wont listen. ... What child sits and stares into space for an hour? Never before have I wished so badly for a child to scream and shout and ... What do you do when you suspect the child in your arms has been abused? ...
... of the domains where IWF found child abuse imagery.. IWF said that the increasing number of domains registered to host abuse ... Online child abuse watchdog the Internet Watch Foundation has released its 2018 annual report, and it fingers the five TLDs ... IWF has a service that alerts registries when child abuse material is found in their TLDs.. Its 2018 report can be found here ( ... Child abuse becoming big problem for new gTLDs. Kevin Murphy, April 18, 2018, Domain Policy ...
Child AbuseChild Sex AbuseChild sexual abuseFeaturedJasper CountyJasper County SCJasper County SheriffSLED ... anderson countyAnderson County SCChild Sex AbuseChild sexual abuseFeaturedhomeland securitypeter mccoyUS Attorneys Office ... Child Sex Abuse. SC Man Who Used To Work At Sheriffs Office Arrested On Child Sex Charges. Mandy Matney. March 9, 2021. March ... Child Sex AbuseDuBose EglestonFeaturedHank ChevesPorter GaudPorter-Gaud AlumniSex Abuse ...
The church-New Birth et al.-must reckon with the Goliath of child sexual abuse and rescue the true Davids, our children, from ... Male Accuser Testifies R. Kelly Sexually Abused Him A man lent further credence to the allegations that R. Kelly is a child sex ... Eddie Long And The Black Churchs Legacy Of Child Sexual Abuse Bishop Eddie Long has passed away and he will soon be ... Ben Crump Suing Louisiana Over Child Sex Abuse Nationally renowned civil rights attorney Ben Crump is filing a lawsuit against ...
... children being out of school, and families under increased stress. ... the SD Subcommittee focused on health topics that affect children, including COVID infection-associated shutdowns, ... like Confirmed Child Abuse and Neglect or Child Sexual Abuse, fitting within the broader definition of Suspected Child Abuse ... CDC: Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention. Childrens Bureau: National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systemexternal icon ...
Ashton Kutcher is stepping down as chairman of the board at the anti-child sex abuse organization he started with his ex-wife ... Ashton Kutcher Resigns From Anti-Child Sex Abuse Organization He Co-Founded. Ashton Kutcher Steps Down From His Anti-Child Sex ... Ashton Kutcher is stepping down as chairman of the board at the anti-child sex abuse organization he started with his ex-wife ... AK testified before Congress a few years back, passionately laying out his mission to protect abuse victims ... and video of ...
Grown-up abused children. Filed under: Adult child abuse victims*. Victims of childhood sexual abuse : later criminal ... Adult child abuse victims. Here are entered works on adults who were abused as children. Works on children who are victims of ... National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, Childrens Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department ... National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, Childrens Bureau, Administration for Children Youth, and Families, Office of Human ...
Hope Solo Arrested In North Carolina On DWI, Child Abuse Charges. A police report said Hope Solo was arrested on Thursday in a ... resisting a public officer and misdemeanor child abuse. She has been released from jail and has a court date of June 28, the ... On the advice of counsel, Hope cant speak about this situation, but she wants everyone to know that her kids are her life, ... noticed Solo passed out behind the steering wheel for more than an hour with the vehicles engine running and the two children ...
... but an inflicted injury missed or improperly evaluated can escalate to child fatality. The emergency medicine (EM) provider ... The 4, often overlapping, categories of child abuse are (1) physical abuse, (2) sexual abuse, (3) psychological/emotional abuse ... 2] Seventy-six percent of child maltreatment reports were from neglect, 16% from physical abuse, 10.1% from child sexual abuse ... encoded search term (Child Abuse) and Child Abuse What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Child Sexual Abuse is commonly treated with this method, particularly for young children. Games are more engaging to children ... The games are made to educate children about sexual abuse and teach them coping strategies for everyday life. Many children who ... The Effects of Game-Based Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Child Sexual Abuse Victims. EasyChair Preprint no. 5890. 3 pages• ... Keyphrases: anxiety, Child Sexual Abuse, Depression, Game-Based Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy, mental health, Post Traumatic ...
Abuse Abbot Martin Werlen of the Einsiedeln monastery admitted that there had been cases of child sexual abuse in the church ... The measure is part of new rules to prevent sexual abuse by the clergy amid a series of high-profile abuse cases that have ... The commission will be vigilant ... on the issues of abuse. They will also help bishops in concrete cases, Agnell Richenmann, ... Amadee Grab, president of the Swiss Bishops Conference, said the measures would not resolve the problem of sexual abuse by ...
  • Psychology researchers gathered information and figured out that, " Studies show that one in four girls and one in eight boys are sexually abused before the age of 18 and that approximately one in 20 children is physically abused each year. (bartleby.com)
  • Many children who are known to have been physically abused or neglected have also been sexually abused. (missouri.edu)
  • The initial medical treatment of the physically abused child in the emergency department should proceed no differently from treatment of any injured child, except that forensic data collection and analysis are of particular and pressing importance after medical stabilization. (medscape.com)
  • Initial assessment and treatment of the seriously physically abused child should proceed according to established guidelines, such as those contained in the Advanced Trauma Life Support Course for Physicians or in the textbook of Advanced Pediatric Life Support . (medscape.com)
  • Of the children who were identified in 2020, 76.1% were neglected (including medical neglect), 16.5% were physically abused, 9.4% were sexually abused, and 0.2% were sex trafficked. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Prevent Child Abuse America is the nation's oldest and largest organization committed to preventing child abuse and neglect before it happens . (preventchildabuse.org)
  • South Australian government spokeswoman confirmed on September 4, 2023, work is underway "across several government agencies" to deliver a public child sex abuse offenders registry for the state, first proposed as an election pledge by Labor Premier Peter Malinauskas in 2022. (yahoo.com)
  • Mary Lubben joined Prevent Child Abuse America as Chief Financial Officer in September 2023. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED) agents arrested a Jasper County man who is accused of sexually abusing multiple children. (fitsnews.com)
  • Authorities didn't say how many children were victims, but some of them were placed in the custody of child-protection services. (rferl.org)
  • Victims of sexual abuse have been historically silenced and the character statement I submitted is yet another painful instance of questioning victims who are brave enough to share their experiences. (tmz.com)
  • The guidelines focus on preventing any recurrence of abuse, refusing to sweep cases under the rug, and helping victims. (swissinfo.ch)
  • In such circumstances, human life has little value and children become the main victims. (who.int)
  • Yarborough was charged with misdemeanor child abuse, maintaining a vehicle for a controlled substance and two counts each of possession with intent to sell marijuana, selling marijuana and delivering marijuana. (wral.com)
  • A police report said Solo was arrested on Thursday in a shopping center parking lot in Winston-Salem and charged with driving while impaired, resisting a public officer and misdemeanor child abuse. (scrippsnews.com)
  • From the word "abuse" we can understand that it is some sort of a maltreatment of a child, causing harm and damage both to his physical and psychological well-being. (bartleby.com)
  • The main issue of child abuse is that the abuser is usually someone a child loves or depends on (a parent, sibling, coach, neighbor, etc.), who violates child's trust putting personal interests first, therefore official numbers of how many children suffer maltreatment might be not accurate enough as remarkable amount of these cases go unreported. (bartleby.com)
  • NCANDS data are submitted voluntarily by all states, Washington, DC, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and key findings are published in the annual Child Maltreatment report series and reports to Congress. (cdc.gov)
  • NIS estimates the scope of child maltreatment by combining information about cases reported to CPS with data on maltreated children identified by professionals who encounter them during the normal course of their work in a wide range of agencies in representative communities. (cdc.gov)
  • Child maltreatment includes all types of abuse and neglect of a child under the age of 18 by a parent, caregiver, or another person in a custodial role (for example, clergy, coach, or teacher) that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Child abuse occurs when adults inflict violence and cruelty upon children. (bartleby.com)
  • Adults abuse children in different ways. (missouri.edu)
  • Neglectful adults, on the other hand, seem to be immature and unable to make life decisions about marriage, employment or having children. (missouri.edu)
  • Two adults, 69-year-old Mickey Sparks and 43-year-old Patricia Laws, were each charged with aggravated child abuse and neglect. (ktvu.com)
  • Here are entered works on adults who were abused as children. (upenn.edu)
  • At least one in seven children have experienced child abuse or neglect in the past year, 2 and this is likely an underestimate. (cdc.gov)
  • Some factors that increase the risk of child neglect and abuse are parents who are young or single-parenting, have experienced child abuse or neglect themselves, or have personal or family stress (such as food insecurity, financial stress, intimate partner violence, social isolation, mental health issues, or a substance use disorder). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Child under four years old and there is harm to the head, eyes, neck, or multiple bruises to the body: felony punishable by up to 5 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $10,000. (findlaw.com)
  • State law defines child abuse as an intentional injury (either mental or physical) including deprivation, sexual abuse, neglect, abandonment, unreasonable disciplinary methods, or solicitation of children for sex. (findlaw.com)
  • Knowingly causing or allowing the child to be present where someone is selling or manufacturing a controlled substance . (findlaw.com)
  • Emotional abuse includes verbal abuse and belittlement, terrorizing acts, and lack of nurturance or emotional support. (missouri.edu)
  • 1 She listed the four common types of child abuse and neglect: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect. (cdc.gov)
  • Abuse is any willful act that results in physical, mental, or sexual injury that causes or is likely to cause the child to be physically, mental, or emotionally impaired. (bartleby.com)
  • At the Federal level, the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) describes child abuse and neglect as: "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm. (bartleby.com)
  • Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The evidence is the possibility of someone who has just come out of jail after having four or five years behind bars on child sex offences, going on and then creating further sexual offending is simply not there," he said. (yahoo.com)
  • Sexual abuse includes incest, sexual assault, fondling of genital areas, exposure to indecent acts or involvement in sexual pornography. (missouri.edu)
  • Such sexual abuse may or may not be reported. (missouri.edu)
  • This program is responsible for interagency collaboration with the Florida Department of Children and Families, Child Protective Investigations Section, ChildNet, the Child Protection Team/Nancy J. Cotterman Sexual Assault Treatment Center, law enforcement agencies, the judicial system, and community providers. (browardschools.com)
  • There were no requests from the Internet Watch Foundation to take down child sexual abuse material. (domainincite.com)
  • Online child abuse watchdog the Internet Watch Foundation has released its 2018 annual report, and it fingers the five TLDs that host four in five cases of child sexual abuse images and videos. (domainincite.com)
  • There were 3,791 domain names used to host child sexual abuse imagery in 2017, up 57%, according to the latest annual report from the Internet Watch Foundation. (domainincite.com)
  • These are sites "where the child sexual abuse imagery will only be revealed to someone who has followed a pre-set digital pathway - to anyone else, they will be shown legal content. (domainincite.com)
  • Child Sexual Abuse is commonly treated with this method, particularly for young children. (easychair.org)
  • The games are made to educate children about sexual abuse and teach them coping strategies for everyday life. (easychair.org)
  • The Catholic Church in Switzerland is to order its dioceses to put in place safeguards to prevent sexual abuse of children by priests. (swissinfo.ch)
  • The measure is part of new rules to prevent sexual abuse by the clergy amid a series of high-profile abuse cases that have rocked the Catholic church, especially in the United States. (swissinfo.ch)
  • Amadee Grab, president of the Swiss Bishops Conference, said the measures would not resolve the problem of sexual abuse by priests but added: "I am convinced the measures we have adopted are a good basis. (swissinfo.ch)
  • Abbot Martin Werlen of the Einsiedeln monastery admitted that there had been cases of child sexual abuse in the church but did not say how many had been recorded. (swissinfo.ch)
  • The most devastating is child sexual abuse. (who.int)
  • 3. There are many contributing factors to child sexual abuse. (who.int)
  • 4. Member States and families have the responsibility to prevent child sexual abuse and provide a nurturing environment to protect the future of the African child. (who.int)
  • 5. The aim of this document is to provide strategic direction for the prevention and management of the health consequences of child sexual abuse in Member States. (who.int)
  • It was our object of investigation the occurrence of sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence, as it was remembered posteriorly, characterizing its main forms, by whom it was practiced, in what time of life it occurred. (bvsalud.org)
  • The Questionnaire about Incidence of Sexual Abuse was the instrument used, which was applied to groups, but answered individually. (bvsalud.org)
  • Concerning the replies to the questionnaire, (87%) denied the occurrence of sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence. (bvsalud.org)
  • The effects of sexual abuse may develop at any time of life. (bvsalud.org)
  • STIs diagnostic for child sexual abuse (e.g. (cdc.gov)
  • The relationship of genital human papillomavirus infection, the most common STI, to child sexual abuse, remains unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • Genital swab and urine samples from minors evaluated for sexual abuse were tested by using nucleic acid amplification for N. gonorrhoeae , C. trachomatis , and human papillomavirus. (cdc.gov)
  • Nucleic acid amplification tests increased the proportion of child sexual abuse survivors with a diagnosis of N. gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Positive nucleic acid amplification tests for human papillomavirus were strongly associated with child sexual abuse. (cdc.gov)
  • The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act" states' that "child abuse is the leading cause of death in children under the age of eighteen. (bartleby.com)
  • Child Abuse & Neglect Prevention Services , in operation since 1984, is designed to ensure that all students will engage in student learning while living in safe home and school environments. (browardschools.com)
  • A specialized training for all school-based designees working with Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Services. (browardschools.com)
  • Elizabeth Swedo of CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention (DVP), described a collaborative effort to develop the Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect Syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1972, Prevent Child Abuse America has defined the national approach to child neglect and abuse. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Child neglect and abuse often occur together and with other forms of family violence, such as intimate partner abuse. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In addition to immediate harm, neglect and abuse increase the risk of long-lasting problems, including mental health problems and substance use disorders. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The Swiss bishops have formed an 11-member task force made up of lawyers, psychologists and priests, which will discuss with bishops ways to prevent abuse of minors by members of the church and how best to deal with cases when they emerge. (swissinfo.ch)
  • 13% (17% of abused minors, but none of 16 children unlikely to have been abused) had human papillomavirus detected by nucleic acid amplification tests. (cdc.gov)
  • Rebuild communities and support children and families. (missouri.edu)
  • We promote programs and resources informed by science that enable kids, families, and entire communities to thrive-today, tomorrow, and for generations to come. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Actually, the youngsters were held hostage, were banned from talking to their families in Germany or to other people or authorities in Romania and they were forced to do exhausting work in the households of some locals close to the criminal group, under the pretext of a so-called 'reeducation program' masterminded by the German citizens," DIICOT said. (rferl.org)
  • The project's website states that 61 children have been cared for since it started and that the program has the capacity of hosting 20 children at a time with host families. (rferl.org)
  • Support and technical assistance to all employees in completing the mandatory Child Abuse training on the Department of Children and Families. (browardschools.com)
  • In July 2020, the SD Subcommittee focused on health topics that affect children, including COVID infection-associated shutdowns, children being out of school, and families under increased stress. (cdc.gov)
  • The Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT) on August 27 raided eight houses as part of an investigation into eight people on suspicion of trafficking and abusing German children who were allegedly beaten and kept in slavelike conditions. (rferl.org)
  • Assistance to the child abuse investigators with student information requests for child abuse investigation purposes. (browardschools.com)
  • Determination of accident versus abuse is best accomplished by pairing thoughtful, thorough medical evaluation with information gathered through a multidisciplinary investigation, often involving child protective services (CPS) and law enforcement agencies. (medscape.com)
  • A suspicion of abuse can lead to further investigation, during which a child might be separated from his or her parents. (medscape.com)
  • Research shows that the Five Protective Factors (Nurturing and Attachment, Knowledge of Parenting and Youth development, Parent resilience, Social connections, Concrete support for parents) reduce the incidence of Child Abuse and Neglect by providing parents with the tools needed to parent effectively even under stress. (browardschools.com)
  • Additional surveillance data are periodically collected by the National Incidence Study (NIS) external icon , a congressionally mandated research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • They sought to define syndromes to capture the incidence and prevalence of emergency department visits related to child abuse and neglect. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2018, nearly 1,800 children died of abuse and neglect in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Most abused children suffer greater emotional than physical damage. (medlineplus.gov)
  • WHO estimates that globally some 40 million children aged 0-14 years suffer some form of abuse and neglect requiring health and social care. (who.int)
  • However, tests conducted after the conclusion of the abuse, show that with the resolution come positive changes to the child's brain. (bartleby.com)
  • Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Child neglect is the failure to meet a child's basic physical and emotional needs. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Children may be neglected or abused by parents and other caregivers or relatives, people living in the child's home, or people who have occasional care responsibilities (such as teachers, coaches, and clergy). (msdmanuals.com)
  • If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In indicated cases of abuse there is reason to suspect abuse or neglect, but less evidence to prove it. (missouri.edu)
  • What do you do when you suspect the child in your arms has been abused? (yummymummyclub.ca)
  • Perhaps his intent was to make fun of our United States legal system for letting criminals go free on the grounds that childhood abuse caused their criminal behavior. (csmonitor.com)
  • [ 2 ] The EM provider is obligated to report when there is a reasonable suspicion of child abuse. (medscape.com)
  • The provider is not legally responsible for reporting in good faith if the suspicion cannot be proven, but the provider can be held legally responsible for not reporting a reasonable suspicion of child abuse. (medscape.com)
  • Children should be protected from further harm by means that may include involvement of Child Protective Services and/or law enforcement agencies, hospitalization, counseling for caregivers and children, and assistance for the family in providing safe and appropriate care. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Differential diagnoses should be worked through carefully in cases of suspected inflicted injury so that suspected physical abuse can be diagnosed confidently and caregivers are not inappropriately accused of abuse. (medscape.com)
  • We suggest that in Taiwan , OMDT services should be incorporated into child protection centers, National Health Insurance system and governmental child protection policies . (bvsalud.org)
  • German psychologist Alice Miller's book, ``For Your Own Good,'' shows how cruel child-rearing practices helped to create a nation capable of horrendous treatment of fellow human beings. (csmonitor.com)
  • Games are more engaging to children than speaking with a Psychologist, especially if they have lost the ability to trust anyone. (easychair.org)
  • In 2020, 3.9 million reports of possible child abuse were made to Child Protective Services (CPS) in the United States, involving 7.1 million children. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Parents' fears that stimulant use will lead to a substance use disorder inhibits them from bringing their children for an ADHD evaluation, thus reducing the likelihood that they will receive timely treatment," Schweitzer said. (medscape.com)
  • Theresa May has defended the appointment of Baroness Butler-Sloss to the wide-ranging inquiry into allegations of child abuse at a number of institutions saying she had no regrets about the decision. (itv.com)
  • Abuse should be suspected when a pattern of new and previous injuries suggests that the injury was not accidental, when injuries do not match the caregiver's explanation, or when children are not developmentally able to do things that could result in their injury (such as an infant turning on a stove). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Child abuse is doing something or failing to do something that results in harm to a child or puts a child at risk of harm. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Well into the night, a doctor, two social workers from the Alexandria, Virginia, Child Protective Services, two Alexandria police detectives, and a military police officer all questioned the Velasquezes. (rd.com)
  • A court document cited by the Johnson City Press said Laws told deputies that the state Department of Children's Services had approved the use of the cage as a means of controlling the girl three or four years ago. (ktvu.com)
  • Deputy Jared Taylor checked with a Child Protective Services supervisor, who told him there were no records to indicate a locked cage had been approved for the girl, the document said. (ktvu.com)
  • At the federal level data on child abuse and neglect are collected through the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System external icon , or NCANDS, a federally sponsored effort that annually receives and analyzes data on child abuse and neglect known to child protective services (CPS) agencies in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Investigators collected information on participants' stimulant treatment via the Services for Children and Adolescents Parent Interview until they reached age 18. (medscape.com)
  • Defined as transport of a person for work or services within or across national borders through force, deception, or abuse of authority, trafficking annually victimizes millions, trapping them in virtual slavery as commercial sex workers or domestic or sweatshop workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Experience with outreach services of a multidisciplinary team for child abuse identification. (bvsalud.org)
  • Let us convict criminals of their crimes and then, where possible, provide the kind of treatment that can help free these individuals (and society) from the effects of the abuse they suffered. (csmonitor.com)
  • Five people from Anderson County, South Carolina were federally indicted for multiple child sex crimes, United States Attorney for South Carolina Peter McCoy announced Thursday. (fitsnews.com)
  • At the recent American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference , pediatricians met to discuss child abuse and neglect and address discrepant interpretations of findings with child welfare and the courts. (medscape.com)
  • Romanian authorities say they have busted a human trafficking and child slavery ring in the country's northwestern Maramures county. (rferl.org)
  • Malicious Punishment of Child occurs when a parent, legal guardian, or caretaker performs intentional act(s) that evidence unreasonable force or cruel discipline that's excessive. (findlaw.com)
  • If so, then I agree that society's growing awareness of the consequences of child abuse has led to unreasonable and dangerous conclusions. (csmonitor.com)
  • Contrary to the progression of society, the unethical act of child abuse still reigns as an epidemic of great concern, especially in the United States . (bartleby.com)
  • If there is any concern for abuse, consider consulting a pediatric radiologist. (medscape.com)
  • 1. Child abuse and neglect is a global public health concern. (who.int)
  • These actions will bring CSA to greater visibility as a public health issue and child rights concern. (who.int)
  • In their cohort, six (7.4%) children were assigned a high level of abuse concern despite the identification of a mimic, and 17 (20.1%) were assigned an intermediate level. (medscape.com)
  • Commenting for Medscape Medical News , Julie Schweitzer, PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, said she hopes the study findings will quell the stigma surrounding stimulant use by children with ADHD. (medscape.com)
  • Many medical conditions may mimic some of the findings observed in physical abuse, and the differential diagnoses to consider differ depending on the types of physical, laboratory, and radiographic findings observed. (medscape.com)
  • The rate of kids that are being abused should decrease to make this society more effective for kids to feel secure and comfortable with their surroundings. (bartleby.com)
  • With the amount of child abuse cases brought to courts every year, one might assume that the dilemma would become less prominent in society. (bartleby.com)
  • There are cases of child abuse so horrendous that the simple thought of them is unfathomable. (bartleby.com)
  • In the United States it is estimated that for every 1,000 children, there were approximately 15 cases of substantiated abuse and neglect. (missouri.edu)
  • Missouri's rate of 15 cases per 1,000 children mirrors the national figure. (missouri.edu)
  • The new rules come in the wake of high-profile abuse cases that have rocked the Catholic church. (swissinfo.ch)
  • OI is frequently raised as a possibility in cases of an unexplained fracture and possible physical abuse. (medscape.com)
  • In a prospective multicenter cohort of 2890 children evaluated for physical abuse, Dr Metz and his colleagues identified noncutaneous medical mimics in 137 (4.7%) cases ( Arch Dis Child . (medscape.com)
  • Studies conducted in several countries reported the difficulties of dentists in the diagnosis, documentation, and reporting of suspected abuse cases to authorities. (bvsalud.org)
  • Forty-one percent (n = 23) of the professionals answered that they were able to identify cases of abuse, while 59% (n = 33) answered that they were unable. (bvsalud.org)
  • It was concluded that it is necessary to improve endodontists' formation concerning to child abuse identification, in order to modify their behavior, therefore, increasing the number of suspicious cases' notifications. (bvsalud.org)
  • To facilitate timely identification of critical or complex cases of physical abuse outside our child protection center, we established an outreach multidisciplinary team (OMDT) to support Kaohsiung City Government in 2014. (bvsalud.org)
  • After inspection by our OMDT, cases were determined as indicating either a high risk or low risk of child abuse . (bvsalud.org)
  • Repetitive back-and-forth head rotation from vigorous shaking is purported to be a central mechanism responsible for diffuse white matter injur y, subdural hemorrhage, and retinal hemorrhage in some cases of abusive head trauma (AHT) in young children. (cdc.gov)
  • Child abuse service programs : field hearings before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, second session, April 7, 8, 1980, Los Angeles, Calif. (upenn.edu)
  • Local and institutional resources such as social workers, child abuse physicians, pediatric radiologists, CPS, and law enforcement should be consulted early in the evaluation when possible. (medscape.com)
  • But as governments move to deliver more public oversight of offenders, University of South Australia criminologist Professor Rick Sarre has warned registries do not deliver a deterrent effect or protect children from further abuse and serve mainly to brutalise people on a rehabilitation pathway. (yahoo.com)
  • IWF has a service that alerts registries when child abuse material is found in their TLDs. (domainincite.com)
  • In the African Region, economic poverty and affluence, armed conflicts and the breakdown of family and social systems are the main risk factors for CSA, opening the doors for child labour, child trafficking, child prostitution and child pornography. (who.int)
  • Mary is a lifelong advocate of child welfare, with much of her work with Chicago Public Schools focusing on improving student outcomes in schools with large, disadvantaged populations. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Deputies conducted a welfare check at the home Monday after receiving reports that a child was being held in a cage, Washington County Sheriff Ed Graybeal said in a statement. (ktvu.com)
  • Domestic abusers often use similar abusive tactics with their children as they did with their intimate partners. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Abusers who have demonstrated little interest in the children during the relationship sometimes enact a vengeful strategy of seeking shared or even full custody, using the children as pawns to harm the protective parent. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Flawed theories are being used in the courtroom to make the science that supports a diagnosis of physical child abuse look debatable, when, in fact, "there is no significant controversy about the diagnosis of physical abuse and abusive head trauma in clinical medicine," according to an opinion piece published online recently in JAMA . (medscape.com)
  • When a child presents at a hospital or medical clinic with bruising, broken bones, head trauma, or other physical evidence that doesn't correspond with the explanation given, other possibilities are investigated. (medscape.com)
  • Yet, medical experts would later testify, none of the many doctors at the Naval Medical Center or at Walter Reed recorded a thorough medical history, nor did they do a "differential diagnosis" to rule out what, besides abuse, could have caused Liliana's broken ribs. (rd.com)
  • Child abuse is a challenging diagnosis to manage in the emergency department (ED). It is best managed systematically, with a multidisciplinary team, and with established guidelines to maintain objectivity and thoroughness. (medscape.com)
  • Over the past couple of years, there has been an increase in the documentation of medical conditions that mimic child abuse, and the time required to make a diagnosis has shortened, Dr Metz reported. (medscape.com)
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the perception, diagnosis and attitudes of Brazilian endodontists towards child abuse. (bvsalud.org)
  • Our experience indicates that an OMDT can play an important role in child protection and activating law enforcement for children with complex or critical physical abuse . (bvsalud.org)
  • A mandated reporter is an adult -- typically one with regular access to children -- who is required by law to report any credible signs of child abuse to state authorities. (findlaw.com)
  • Other factors that may be involved include financial stress and poverty, adult use of alcohol and other drugs, a lack of parenting skills and basic knowledge of child development, and the community and family in which the child lives. (missouri.edu)
  • However, the perpetrator may be a family member, close family friend or an adult in a position of authority over the child. (who.int)
  • The main responsibility for protecting the child lies with the family. (who.int)
  • Because fractures stemming from compression injuries are often an indicator of child abuse, and noting Miguel's seeming lack of emotion, Dr. Reed considered this a typical case of paternal mistreatment. (rd.com)
  • For example, "bucket handle fractures and corner fractures - very specific to child abuse - are sometimes misidentified as rickets. (medscape.com)
  • He gave his opinion to his supervisor, Dr. Barbara Craig, head of the Armed Forces Center for Child Protection. (rd.com)
  • But Jim Gamble, previously head of the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre, said 'professional investigators' should instead be brought in to aid investigations. (itv.com)
  • To shed more light on the issue, the investigators used data from the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD , a multicenter, 14-month randomized clinical trial of medication and behavioral therapy for children with ADHD. (medscape.com)
  • However, for the purposes of the present study, investigators only focused on stimulant use in children. (medscape.com)
  • However, "identification of a mimic does not exclude concurrent abuse," Dr Metz and his colleagues write. (medscape.com)
  • While parents are free to use corporal punishment on their children, it may not involve kicking, striking with a closed fist, threatening a child with a weapon, or other such acts. (findlaw.com)
  • Empowering parents will ensure they have the ability to access the information they need to protect their children. (yahoo.com)
  • Broward County Public Schools is committed to supporting parents in their effort to raise children in a healthy and safe environment. (browardschools.com)
  • Molina noted that although participants were recruited from multiple sites, the sample may not be generalizable because children and parents who present for an intensive treatment study such as this are not necessarily representative of the general ADHD population. (medscape.com)
  • These are sites abused by the purveyors of this content, rather than being specifically dedicated to abuse. (domainincite.com)
  • The number of new gTLD domains used for abuse content was 1,063, spread over 50 new gTLDs. (domainincite.com)
  • This content was published on Mar 25, 2002 Mar 25, 2002 The Catholic Church in Switzerland has announced it is forming a task force to tackle sex abuse committed by members of the clergy. (swissinfo.ch)
  • Evidence of coercive control domestic abuse is highly relevant to considerations of child custody. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report difficult times and increase children's opportunities to thrive in or physical or emotional neglect of a child or adolescent aged safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Their teenage children were confused because they did not perceive their dad as abusive. (psychologytoday.com)
  • This strategy seems to be a fulfillment of the common abusive threat, "If you try to leave me, I will take away the kids. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Many of us should stand up against child abuse, and see signs to stop and be alert before the situation gets substandard. (bartleby.com)
  • What are some signs of abuse? (missouri.edu)
  • What do you do when there is no 'proof' except for a silent child clinging to your neck and a doctor telling you she has all the classic signs? (yummymummyclub.ca)
  • Children who are neglected or abused may appear tired or hungry, have poor hygiene, or have physical injuries or emotional or mental health issues, or they may have no obvious signs of abuse or neglect. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The other steps include a thorough history and physical examination, and may include consulting a social worker, child abuse pediatrician, and/or a report to Child Protective Service (CPS) agencies. (medscape.com)
  • Child abuse is a temporary abuse that can scar someone for a lifetime. (bartleby.com)
  • Courts often ignore a history of domestic abuse in making custody decisions. (psychologytoday.com)
  • What can be done to prevent child abuse and neglect? (missouri.edu)
  • Together, we can prevent child abuse. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Prevent Child Abuse America annual reports from the past several years are available for you to view, download, and enjoy. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Prevent Child Abuse America is a registered 501(c)3 organization. (preventchildabuse.org)
  • Campaigner John Carr, secretary of the little-known Children's Charities' Coalition on Internet Safety , wants ICANN to bring in strict controls to prevent convicted pedophiles registering domains in child-oriented domains such as .kids. (domainincite.com)
  • For years, Elizabeth Swedo, a pediatrician and epidemiologist with CDC's Injury Center, has been studying child abuse to better understand and prevent it. (cdc.gov)