GizzardChickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Fowl adenovirus A: The type species of the genus AVIADENOVIRUS, family ADENOVIRIDAE, an oncogenic virus of birds. This is also called CELO virus for chick embryo lethal orphan virus.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Myosins: A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Tropomyosin: A protein found in the thin filaments of muscle fibers. It inhibits contraction of the muscle unless its position is modified by TROPONIN.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.Calmodulin-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind calmodulin. They are found in many tissues and have a variety of functions including F-actin cross-linking properties, inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and calcium and magnesium ATPases.Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Myosin Subfragments: Parts of the myosin molecule resulting from cleavage by proteolytic enzymes (PAPAIN; TRYPSIN; or CHYMOTRYPSIN) at well-localized regions. Study of these isolated fragments helps to delineate the functional roles of different parts of myosin. Two of the most common subfragments are myosin S-1 and myosin S-2. S-1 contains the heads of the heavy chains plus the light chains and S-2 contains part of the double-stranded, alpha-helical, heavy chain tail (myosin rod).Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Actomyosin: A protein complex of actin and MYOSINS occurring in muscle. It is the essential contractile substance of muscle.Avian Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of BIRDS.Actinin: A protein factor that regulates the length of R-actin. It is chemically similar, but immunochemically distinguishable from actin.Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase: A phosphoprotein phosphatase that is specific for MYOSIN LIGHT CHAINS. It is composed of three subunits, which include a catalytic subunit, a myosin binding subunit, and a third subunit of unknown function.Adenosine Triphosphatases: A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.Chicken anemia virus: The type species of GYROVIRUS, a small, non-enveloped DNA virus originally isolated from contaminated vaccines in Japan. It causes chicken infectious anemia and may possibly play a key role in hemorrhagic anemia syndrome, anemia dermatitis, and blue wing disease.Ca(2+) Mg(2+)-ATPaseAdenoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Muscle Proteins: The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.Bursa of Fabricius: An epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals. It atrophies within 6 months after birth and remains as a fibrous remnant in adult birds. It is composed of lymphoid tissue and prior to involution, is the site of B-lymphocyte maturation.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Charadriiformes: An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.Calmodulin: A heat-stable, low-molecular-weight activator protein found mainly in the brain and heart. The binding of calcium ions to this protein allows this protein to bind to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and to adenyl cyclase with subsequent activation. Thereby this protein modulates cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels.Stomach Diseases: Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.Microfilament Proteins: Monomeric subunits of primarily globular ACTIN and found in the cytoplasmic matrix of almost all cells. They are often associated with microtubules and may play a role in cytoskeletal function and/or mediate movement of the cell or the organelles within the cell.Peptide Fragments: Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Crop, Avian: A thin-walled distention of the alimentary tract protruding just outside the body cavity in the distal end of the neck (esophagus), used for the temporary storage of food and water.Contractile Proteins: Proteins which participate in contractile processes. They include MUSCLE PROTEINS as well as those found in other cells and tissues. In the latter, these proteins participate in localized contractile events in the cytoplasm, in motile activity, and in cell aggregation phenomena.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Chymotrypsin: A serine endopeptidase secreted by the pancreas as its zymogen, CHYMOTRYPSINOGEN and carried in the pancreatic juice to the duodenum where it is activated by TRYPSIN. It selectively cleaves aromatic amino acids on the carboxyl side.Dimethyl Suberimidate: The methyl imidoester of suberic acid used to produce cross links in proteins. Each end of the imidoester will react with an amino group in the protein molecule to form an amidine.DucksFilamins: A family of crosslinking filament proteins encoded by distinct FLN genes. Filamins are involved in cell adhesion, spreading, and migration, acting as scaffolds for over 90 binding partners including channels, receptors, intracellular signaling molecules and transcription factors. Due to the range of molecular interactions, mutations in FLN genes result in anomalies with moderate to lethal consequences.Marek Disease: A transmissible viral disease of birds caused by avian herpesvirus 2 (HERPESVIRUS 2, GALLID) and other MARDIVIRUS. There is lymphoid cell infiltration or lymphomatous tumor formation in the peripheral nerves and gonads, but may also involve visceral organs, skin, muscle, and the eye.Avian Leukosis: A group of transmissible viral diseases of chickens and turkeys. Liver tumors are found in most forms, but tumors can be found elsewhere.Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms: Animals or humans raised in the absence of a particular disease-causing virus or other microorganism. Less frequently plants are cultivated pathogen-free.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Histological Techniques: Methods of preparing tissue for examination and study of the origin, structure, function, or pathology.Vinculin: A cytoskeletal protein associated with cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. The amino acid sequence of human vinculin has been determined. The protein consists of 1066 amino acid residues and its gene has been assigned to chromosome 10.Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Papain: A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Carica papaya. It is also the name used for a purified mixture of papain and CHYMOPAPAIN that is used as a topical enzymatic debriding agent. EC 3.4.22.2.
Non-traditional varieties include kishke stuffed with rice and kishke stuffed with diced chicken livers and ground gizzards. ... and ground potatoes are the main ingredient. "Who Stole the Kishka?" (originally spelled "Who Stole the Keeshka?") is a ...
The gizzard consists of strong muscles surrounding a tough pouch filled with small stones or grit that the chicken has ... Grit aids in digestion by grinding food as it passes through the gizzard. Grit is not needed if commercial feed is used. The ... For privately raised chickens, or chickens as pets, feed can be delivered through jar, trough or tube feeders. The use of ... swallowed for grinding up grains and other hard feedstuffs. Chickens that eat only processed foods - such as chick starter or ...
Escabeche is green bananas and chicken gizzards pickled in a garlicky brine with onions and olives. Guineos verdes en fricasé ( ... Ajo Pollo (egg and green banana dumplings soup). Alcapurrias are ground beef filled, fried fritters made from a mixture of ...
Escabeche de yuca, cassava and chicken gizzards pickled in a garlicky brine with onions and olives. Serernata de Bacalao, ... Bollo de yuca is a dough made of ground yuca that is wrapped in aluminum foil and then boiled, and is served with butter and ... It is either layered in a baking dish in alternate layers with chicken or pork, or cassava alone. It is then baked in the oven ... Detoxified manioc roots are ground to a pulp called a massa and squeezed with a device called a tipiti to dry it out (the ...
Some other breakfast foods are Accra (fried salt fish and flour), Stew Chicken liver or gizzard, and the popular bake and shark ... Hot Milk Drinks: Farine with powdered milk (farine-ground and parched cassava) Chocolate tea (chocolate made from homemade ... Pelau, a rice-based dish, is a very popular dish in Trinidad and Tobago, as well as stewed chicken, breadfruit oil down, ... A popular street side favourite, before the consumption of alcohol, is souse (made from pig, cow or chicken feet seasoned with ...
Attwater's prairie chicken in Texas). Grouse are heavily built like other Galliformes such as chickens. They range in length ... All grouse spend most of their time on the ground, though when alarmed, they may take off in a flurry and go into a long glide ... To digest vegetable food, grouse have big crops and gizzards, eat grit to break up food, and have long intestines with well- ... phasianellus columbianus Greater prairie chicken, Tympanuchus cupido Attwater's prairie chicken, Tympanuchus cupido attwateri ...
Alligators and crocodiles also have gizzards. All birds have gizzards. The gizzards of emus, turkeys, chickens and ducks are ... Then the food passes into the gizzard (also known as the muscular stomach or ventriculus). The gizzard can grind the food with ... In Iran some kebab restaurants mix chicken gizzards in their koobideh kebabs to increase the meat content. In Italy gizzards ... gizzard is fried into karaage. In Korea, chicken gizzard, called dak-ttongjip, is stir-fried and eaten as anju or yasik. The ...
These birds exhibit ground-feeding behaviors, moving and turning over leaf litter in order to find food and grit (for use as ... just like domesticated chickens do) this can end up totaling to a large metabolic tax on the female's survival. In captivity, ... gizzard stones). Non-native species like the Chinese Guava have an impact by preventing growth of native trees.[citation needed ...
... particularly in ground feeders such as domestic chickens and turkeys. It causes infection that is mildly pathogenic. However, ... Upon ingestion by a host, the embryonated eggs hatch into second-stage juveniles in the gizzard or duodenum, and are passed to ... Free-range chickens can also be infected. Lund EE, Chute AM, Wilkins GC (1975). "The wild turkey as a host for Heterakis ... H. gallinarum has a direct lifecycle involving birds such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, grouse, guineafowl, partridges, ...
... while the chicken liver satay is made from mixture of chicken liver, gizzard, and intestines. Usually gizzard is placed on the ... The sauce is not based on peanuts, but rather ground tempeh, chilli and spices. The chicken meat is marinated for about two ... Chicken satay, the most common and widely distribute type of satay in Indonesia.. Sate Banjar. A variant of chicken satay ... The telur muda or uritan often combined in the same skewer as chicken skin satay, and mixed with chicken satay. This kind of ...
Y. martini was the size of a chicken, had a long skull with about 10 teeth in the upper jaw and 20 teeth in the lower jaw, and ... Large numbers of small gastroliths are usually associated with species that need to grind tough plant material, such as seeds, ... One specimen preserved large amounts of supposed gastroliths ("stomach stones") in the gizzard region. ... an indication of the earliest radical diet-switching and gizzard plasticity in the lineage leading to living birds?. ...
The other part of the stomach is the gizzard. This is muscular, and grinds up the contents. In herbivorous birds the gizzard ... Bird like chickens that feed mainly on the ground and only use their wings to fly to safety have small wings. ... Some other ground-feeding birds have not been so lucky. Some birds such as the dodo and the kiwi were ground-feeding birds that ... Most usually it is the chicken and its eggs, but people often also eat geese, pheasants, turkeys and ducks. Other birds are ...
... are mixed with the stomach contents through the muscular contractions of the gizzard.[44] The gizzard is composed of four ... Scutella - scales that are not quite as large as scutes, such as those found on the caudal, or hind part, of the chicken ... The chicks of many ground-nesting birds such as partridges and waders are often able to run virtually immediately after ... The gizzard of some species of herbivorous birds, contains small pieces of grit or stone called gastroliths that are swallowed ...
All parts of the chicken are used in Korean cuisine, including the gizzard, liver, and feet. Young chickens are braised with ... It is commonly ground into a flour and used to make rice cakes called tteok in over two hundred varieties. It is also cooked ... Samgyetang is a hot chicken soup to boost your energy in the hot summer season. It is made with a young whole chicken stuffed ... A typical banquet ingredient was chogyetang (chicken broth with vinegar), which was prepared with five different chickens, five ...
Gizzard[edit]. The gizzard is composed of four muscular bands that rotate and crush food by shifting the food from one area to ... Scutella - scales that are not quite as large as scutes, such as those found on the caudal, or hind part, of the chicken ... The chicks of many ground-nesting birds such as partridges and waders are often able to run virtually immediately after ... The use of gizzard stones is a similarity found between birds and dinosaurs, which left gastroliths as trace fossils.[49] ...
Lacking teeth, they swallow pebbles that act as gastroliths to grind food in the gizzard. When eating, they will fill their ... over 20 times the weight of a chicken's egg and only 1 to 4% the size of the female. They are glossy cream-coloured, with thick ... the food enters the gizzard and is worked on by the aforementioned pebbles. The gizzard can hold as much as 1,300 g (46 oz), of ... When lying down and hiding from predators, the birds lay their heads and necks flat on the ground, making them appear like a ...
The hens are ground breeders and spend the night on the nest. As long as the young chicks cannot fly the hen spends the night ... The eggs are about the same size and form as chicken eggs, but are more speckled with brown spots. ... With their very muscular stomachs, gizzard stones function like a mill and break needles and buds into small particles. ... It is highest in sun-flooded open, old mixed forests with spruce, pine, fir and some beech with a rich ground cover of ...
... with chicken liver and gizzard) Nasi goreng pete/petai (with green stinky bean) Nasi goreng jengkol (with jengkol stinky pea) ... ground shrimp paste, tamarind and chilli and accompanied by other ingredients, particularly egg, chicken and prawns. There is ... Nasi goreng ayam ham or Chicken ham fried rice (fried with chicken ham) Singapore is Chinese-dominated society, with Chinese ... The basic ingredients of nasi goreng are rice and sliced or ground bumbu (spices) mixture of shallot, garlic, pepper, salt, ...
Socorro common ground dove (Columbina passerina socorroensis) ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti) tambourine dove (Turtur ... Pigeons infected with Haemoproteus columbae may develop enlarged gizzards. Flocks of bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) may ... chicken (Gallus gallus) H. silvaï - guinea fowl (Numida meleagris mitrata) H. sylvae - great reed warbler (Acrocephalus ... Family Brachypteraciidae rufous headed ground roller (Atelornis crossleyi) pitta like ground roller (Atelornis pittoides) ...
The food hawkers sometimes have sate to go with it, made from quail egg or chicken intestine, liver, gizzard, or heart. ... Notable varieties include jatjuk made from finely ground pine nuts, jeonbok-juk made with abalones, yulmu-juk made from yulmu ( ... The chicken rice soup, Bobor Sach Mon(បបរសាច់មាន់), is exactly the same as bobar but is filled with more herbs and chicken. ... For example, cháo gà is cooked with chicken, garlic, and ginger. The rice porridge is cooked in chicken broth, and when the ...
The food hawkers sometimes have sate to go with it, made from quail egg or chicken intestine, liver, gizzard, or heart. On ... Ragi kanji is prepared by drying ragi sprouts in shade, and then grinding them into a smooth powder. This powder is added to ... The rice porridge is cooked in the broth in which a whole chicken had been boiled, and once the chicken is cooked, the meat is ... Miso or chicken stock may be used to flavor the broth. Most Japanese electric rice cookers have a specific setting for cooking ...
The female will scratch her feet on the ground as part of the ritual. Tinamous always nest on the ground; in open areas, near a ... As with most birds, they swallow grit to aid their gizzards in digestion. Some species follow army ants, eating from the ... whereas the equivalent in a domestic chicken is 12%. Despite their poor flying ability, the percentage of their body mass that ... Young chicks can feed themselves within the first few days, but the male will bring the food and drop it on the ground in front ...
The most common form is chicken curry and to a lesser extent, goat curry. Chicken curry is an indispensable dish in many social ... Vietnamese sausage, giò, is usually made from fresh ground pork and beef. Sausage makers may use the meat, skin or ear. Fish ... such as gizzards), sprinkled with crushed peanuts and chopped herbs such as Vietnamese coriander, mint, etc. It is then cooled ... bird or chicken stew dishes) and five on plates (năm đĩa): giò (Vietnamese sausage), chả, gà or vịt luộc (boiled chicken or ...
... gizzard, liver, intestines - which are also equally popular for chicken rice lovers. Chicken rice, or nasi ayam, is also very ... usually accompanied with dark soy sauce and freshly ground ginger. Fresh cucumber boiled in the chicken broth and light soy ... Food portal Chicken and rice (disambiguation) Duck rice List of chicken dishes List of rice dishes Nasi tim "Hainanese Chicken ... Chicken prepared by braising - lǔjī (滷雞; "stock chicken") - or roasting - shāojī (燒雞; "roasted chicken") - may also be used. In ...
... and would eat food by placing it on the ground (rather than holding it on the ground) and tearing it with their bills before ... In the Shulchan Aruch 3 Signs are given to Kosher birds: Crop, an extra finger, a gizzard that can be peeled. Also it must not ... Birds for which there has been a tradition of their being kosher include: Chicken Ducks Geese Chukar partridge Common pheasant ... and all the creatures that crawl on the ground are not kosher. Worms, snails and most invertebrate animals are not kosher. All ...
Lacking teeth, they swallow pebbles that act as gastroliths to grind food in the gizzard. When eating, they will fill their ... over 20 times the weight of a chicken's egg and only 1 to 4% the size of the female.[56] They are glossy cream-coloured, with ... the food enters the gizzard and is worked on by the aforementioned pebbles. The gizzard can hold as much as 1,300 g (46 oz), of ... The long neck and legs keep their head up to 2.8 m (9 ft) above the ground, and their eyes are said to be the largest of any ...

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