Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.
Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.
The type species of GYROVIRUS, a small, non-enveloped DNA virus originally isolated from contaminated vaccines in Japan. It causes chicken infectious anemia and may possibly play a key role in hemorrhagic anemia syndrome, anemia dermatitis, and blue wing disease.
An epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals. It atrophies within 6 months after birth and remains as a fibrous remnant in adult birds. It is composed of lymphoid tissue and prior to involution, is the site of B-lymphocyte maturation.
Proteins obtained from species of BIRDS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A transmissible viral disease of birds caused by avian herpesvirus 2 (HERPESVIRUS 2, GALLID) and other MARDIVIRUS. There is lymphoid cell infiltration or lymphomatous tumor formation in the peripheral nerves and gonads, but may also involve visceral organs, skin, muscle, and the eye.
A group of transmissible viral diseases of chickens and turkeys. Liver tumors are found in most forms, but tumors can be found elsewhere.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
The type species of ALPHARETROVIRUS producing latent or manifest lymphoid leukosis in fowl.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Food products manufactured from poultry.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.
A genus of the family RETROVIRIDAE with type C morphology, that causes malignant and other diseases in wild birds and domestic fowl.
Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Group of alpharetroviruses (ALPHARETROVIRUS) producing sarcomata and other tumors in chickens and other fowl and also in pigeons, ducks, and RATS.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.
Fleshy and reddish outgrowth of skin tissue found on top of the head, attached to the sides of the head, and hanging from the mandible of birds such as turkeys and chickens.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.
A species of AVIBIRNAVIRUS causing severe inflammation of the bursa of Fabricius in chickens and other fowl. Transmission is thought to be through contaminated feed or water. Vaccines have been used with varying degrees of success.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.
A genus of BIRDS in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES, containing the common European and other Old World QUAIL.
Animals or humans raised in the absence of a particular disease-causing virus or other microorganism. Less frequently plants are cultivated pathogen-free.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
A genus in the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE, associated with malignancy in birds.
Virus diseases caused by the BIRNAVIRIDAE.
A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Common name for two distinct groups of BIRDS in the order GALLIFORMES: the New World or American quails of the family Odontophoridae and the Old World quails in the genus COTURNIX, family Phasianidae.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
A species of coccidian protozoa that mainly infects domestic poultry.

Monocyte-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity: a clinical test of monocyte function. (1/18504)

The lack of a simple, rapid, and quantitative test of the functional activity of the monocyte has hampered studies of the contribution of this cell type to host defense and human disease. This report describes an assay of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, which depends exclusively upon the monocyte as the effector cell and therefore provides a convenient test of monocyte function. In this system, mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) obtained by Ficoll-Hypaque separation of whole blood are cytotoxic for 51Cr-labeled human erythrocyte targets coated with anti-blood group antibody. Removal of phagocytic monocytes from the MNL by iron ingestion, followed by exposure to a magnetic field, completely abolishes all cytotoxic activity from the remaining MNL population. Similarly, in severely mono-cytopenic patients with aplastic anemia, cytotoxic effector activity is absent. In normals and less severely monocytopenic aplastic anemia patients, cytotoxicity correlates significantly (p less than 0.001) with monocyte number. Application of this monocyte-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assay to the study of patients with the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome has revealed defective monocyte cytotoxic activity in spite of normal monocyte numbers, suggesting that this test may be useful for the assessment of monocyte function in a variety of clinical situations.  (+info)

Temperature sensitivity studies on selected strains on Mycoplasma gallisepticum. (2/18504)

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG324), a tylosin resistant strain of low virulence, was compared with four other strains with respect to their survival at temperatures from 46.1 to 48.9 degrees C. MG324 was found to be more resistant than the other strains tested.  (+info)

Pathological changes in chickens, ducks and turkeys fed high levels of rapeseed oil. (3/18504)

Rations containing 25% of either regular rapeseed oil (36% erucic acid), Oro rapeseed oil (1.9% erucic acid), soybean oil or a mixture of lard and corn oil were fed to chickens, ducks and turkeys. The regular rapeseed oil ration caused growth depression, increased feed conversion and anemia in all species. All the ducks and some of the chickens fed the regular rapeseed oil ration died. These dead birds were affected with hydropericardium and ascites. No deaths in the turkeys could be attributed to the regular rapeseed oil ration but some turkeys fed this ration had degenerative foci characterized by infiltrations of histiocytic and giant cells in the myocardium. Severe fatty change in the heart, skeletal muscles, spleen and kidney was found at an early age in all birds fed the regular rapeseed oil ration. Less severe fatty change but no other lesions were found in birds fed the Oro rapeseed oil and soybean oil rations.  (+info)

p50(cdc37) acting in concert with Hsp90 is required for Raf-1 function. (4/18504)

Genetic screens in Drosophila have identified p50(cdc37) to be an essential component of the sevenless receptor/mitogen-activated kinase protein (MAPK) signaling pathway, but neither the function nor the target of p50(cdc37) in this pathway has been defined. In this study, we examined the role of p50(cdc37) and its Hsp90 chaperone partner in Raf/Mek/MAPK signaling biochemically. We found that coexpression of wild-type p50(cdc37) with Raf-1 resulted in robust and dose-dependent activation of Raf-1 in Sf9 cells. In addition, p50(cdc37) greatly potentiated v-Src-mediated Raf-1 activation. Moreover, we found that p50(cdc37) is the primary determinant of Hsp90 recruitment to Raf-1. Overexpression of a p50(cdc37) mutant which is unable to recruit Hsp90 into the Raf-1 complex inhibited Raf-1 and MAPK activation by growth factors. Similarly, pretreatment with geldanamycin (GA), an Hsp90-specific inhibitor, prevented both the association of Raf-1 with the p50(cdc37)-Hsp90 heterodimer and Raf-1 kinase activation by serum. Activation of Raf-1 via baculovirus coexpression with oncogenic Src or Ras in Sf9 cells was also strongly inhibited by dominant negative p50(cdc37) or by GA. Thus, formation of a ternary Raf-1-p50(cdc37)-Hsp90 complex is crucial for Raf-1 activity and MAPK pathway signaling. These results provide the first biochemical evidence for the requirement of the p50(cdc37)-Hsp90 complex in protein kinase regulation and for Raf-1 function in particular.  (+info)

Conserved domains and lack of evidence for polyglutamine length polymorphism in the chicken homolog of the Machado-Joseph disease gene product ataxin-3. (5/18504)

Ataxin-3 is a protein of unknown function which is mutated in Machado-Joseph disease by expansion of a genetically unstable CAG repeat encoding polyglutamine. By analysis of chicken ataxin-3 we were able to identify four conserved domains of the protein and detected widespread expression in chicken tissues. In the first such analysis in a non-primate species we found that in contrast to primates, the chicken CAG repeat is short and genetically stable.  (+info)

BLNK required for coupling Syk to PLC gamma 2 and Rac1-JNK in B cells. (6/18504)

Signaling through the B cell receptor (BCR) is essential for B cell function and development. Despite the key role of Syk in BCR signaling, little is known about the mechanism by which Syk transmits downstream effectors. BLNK (B cell LiNKer protein), a substrate for Syk, is now shown to be essential in activating phospholipase C (PLC)gamma 2 and JNK. The BCR-induced PLC gamma 2 activation, but not the JNK activation, was restored by introduction of PLC gamma 2 membrane-associated form into BLNK-deficient B cells. As JNK activation requires both Rac1 and PLC gamma 2, our results suggest that BLNK regulates the Rac1-JNK pathway, in addition to modulating PLC gamma 2 localization.  (+info)

The DNA binding activity of Translin is mediated by a basic region in the ring-shaped structure conserved in evolution. (7/18504)

DNA binding proteins, for the most part, function as dimers or tetramers which recognize their target sequences. Here we show that Translin, a novel single-stranded DNA end binding protein, forms a ring-shaped structure conserved throughout evolution and that this structure is responsible for its DNA binding activity. Point mutations at Leu184 and Leu191 in the leucine zipper motif of human Translin resulted in loss of the multimeric structure and abrogation of DNA binding. Point mutations at R86, H88, H90 to T86, N88, N90 in one of the basic regions, however, completely inhibited the DNA binding activity without affecting the multimeric structure. These results support the view that the DNA binding domain of Translin is formed in the ring-shaped structure in combination with its basic region (amino acids 86-97) polypeptides.  (+info)

Regulation of AMP deaminase from chicken erythrocytes. A kinetic study of the allosteric interactions. (8/18504)

The allosteric properties of AMP deaminase [EC] from chicken erythrocytes have been qualitatively and quantitatively accounted for by the concerted transition theory of Monod et al., on the assumption that this enzyme has different numbers of binding sites for each ligand. Theoretical curves yield a satisfactory fit for all experimental saturation functions with respect to activation by alkali metals and inhibition by Pi, assuming that the numbers of binding sites for AMP, alkali metals, and Pi are 4, 2, and 4, respectively. The enzyme was inhibited by concentrations of ATP and GTP below 0.1 and 0.25 mM, respectively, whereas activation of the enzyme was observed at ATP and GTP concentrations above 0.4 and 1.5 mM, respectively. These unusual kinetics with respect to ATP and GTP could be also accounted for by assuming 2 inhibitory and 4 activating sites for each ligand.  (+info)

Some common poultry diseases include:

1. Avian influenza (bird flu): A highly contagious viral disease that affects birds and can be transmitted to humans.
2. Newcastle disease: A viral disease that causes respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms in birds.
3. Infectious bronchitis: A viral disease that causes respiratory symptoms in birds.
4. Marek's disease: A viral disease that affects the nervous system of birds.
5. Coccidiosis: A parasitic disease caused by the Eimeria protozoa, which can cause diarrhea and weight loss in birds.
6. Chicken anemia virus: A viral disease that causes anemia and weakened immune systems in chickens.
7. Fowl pox: A viral disease that causes skin lesions and other symptoms in birds.
8. Avian encephalomyelitis (AE): A viral disease that affects the brain and spinal cord of birds, causing neurological symptoms such as paralysis and death.
9. Mycoplasmosis: A bacterial disease caused by the Mycoplasma bacteria, which can cause respiratory and other symptoms in birds.
10. Aspergillosis: A fungal disease that affects the respiratory system of birds, causing symptoms such as coughing and difficulty breathing.

Poultry diseases can have a significant impact on bird health and productivity, and can also be transmitted to humans in some cases. It is important for poultry farmers and owners to monitor their flocks closely and take steps to prevent the spread of disease, such as providing clean water and feed, maintaining good hygiene, and vaccinating birds against certain diseases.

The virus that causes Marek disease is highly contagious and can be spread through direct contact with infected birds, as well as through contact with contaminated feathers, bedding, or other objects. Infected birds may not show any symptoms until they are stressed, exposed to cold weather, or experience a weakened immune system.

The symptoms of Marek disease can vary depending on the strain of the virus and the age and health of the bird. Some common symptoms include:

* Paralysis of the legs, wings, or beak
* Loss of coordination and balance
* Difficulty breathing or rapid breathing
* Swelling of the eyes or neck
* Weight loss
* Decreased egg production in laying hens

There is no cure for Marek disease, and it is usually fatal. However, vaccines are available to help prevent the disease in healthy birds. If you suspect that your bird has Marek disease, it is important to isolate it immediately and seek veterinary care as soon as possible.

There are several types of avian leukosis, including:

* B-cell leukemia/lymphoma: This type of cancer affects the B cells, a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to fight infection.
* T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: This type of cancer affects the T cells, a type of white blood cell that helps coordinate the immune response.
* Myeloid leukemia/lymphoma: This type of cancer affects the myeloid cells, a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to fight infection.
* Hair follicle leukosis: This type of cancer affects the hair follicles and can cause excessive feather growth or loss.

The symptoms of avian leukosis can vary depending on the type of cancer and the severity of the disease. Some common symptoms include:

* Swollen lymph nodes
* Weight loss
* Lethargy
* Loss of appetite
* Swelling of the abdomen or limbs
* Excessive feather growth or loss
* Pale or enlarged liver and spleen

Avian leukosis is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, blood tests, and biopsies. Treatment options are limited, and the disease is often fatal. However, some birds may be able to manage the symptoms with supportive care, such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and nutritional support.

Prevention is key in managing avian leukosis. Vaccination against ALV is available for certain types of birds, and good husbandry practices, such as providing clean water, a balanced diet, and proper housing, can help reduce the risk of transmission. Additionally, separating infected birds from healthy ones can help prevent the spread of the disease.

It's important to note that avian leukosis is not transmissible to humans or other animals, and it is not a reportable disease in most jurisdictions. However, if you suspect that your bird has avian leukosis, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible to determine the best course of treatment and provide appropriate supportive care.

In birds, the virus can cause respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous system disorders. It is transmitted through contact with infected birds or contaminated feces or water. Wild birds and domestic poultry are susceptible to influenza infection. The H5N1 subtype of the virus has caused widespread outbreaks in poultry and wild birds, leading to significant economic losses and public health concerns.

Prevention methods include vaccination, biosecurity measures, and surveillance programs. Vaccines are available for chickens, turkeys, ducks, and other domesticated birds, but the effectiveness of these vaccines can be limited in protecting against certain subtypes of the virus. Biosecurity measures such as sanitation, isolation, and disinfection can help prevent the spread of the disease in poultry flocks. Surveillance programs monitor the presence of the virus in wild and domestic bird populations to detect outbreaks early and prevent the spread of the disease.

The impact of avian influenza on human health is generally minimal, but it can be severe in certain cases. Direct transmission of the virus from birds to humans is rare, but it can occur through close contact with infected birds or contaminated surfaces. Indirect transmission may occur through the handling of contaminated poultry products. People with weakened immune systems, such as young children, the elderly, and those with chronic diseases, are at a higher risk of developing severe symptoms from avian influenza.

Overall, avian influenza is an important disease in birds that can have significant economic and public health implications. Prevention and control measures are essential to minimize the impact of the disease on both bird populations and human health.

Symptoms of ND include:

* Respiratory problems such as coughing, sneezing, and difficulty breathing
* Decreased egg production or weight loss in laying hens
* Weakness, lethargy, and difficulty standing or walking
* Diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration
* Swollen eyes, sinuses, and neck

Newcastle disease is transmitted through the air via droplets from infected birds, as well as through contaminated fomites such as feed, bedding, and other objects. It can also be spread by wild birds that have become carriers of the virus.

There are several forms of ND, including:

* Classical ND: This is the most common form of the disease and is characterized by rapid onset and high mortality rates in infected flocks.
* LaSota strain: This is a less virulent form of ND that is often used as a vaccine to protect against classical ND.
* Mesogenic ND: This form of the disease is characterized by slower onset and lower mortality rates than classical ND.

Diagnosis of ND typically involves a combination of clinical signs, laboratory tests such as PCR or ELISA, and postmortem examination of infected birds.

Control and prevention of ND primarily involve vaccination, sanitation, and biosecurity measures to reduce the risk of virus introduction and spread. In areas where the disease is endemic, strict controls on the movement of poultry and poultry products can help to minimize the risk of transmission.

Symptoms of campylobacter infections include:

* Diarrhea (often bloody)
* Fever
* Abdominal pain and cramping
* Nausea and vomiting
* Headache
* Fatigue
* Muscle pain

Transmission of campylobacter infections can occur through the fecal-oral route, contaminated food or water, or direct contact with an infected animal or person. Risk factors for developing a campylobacter infection include eating undercooked poultry, unpasteurized dairy products, and untreated water.

Diagnosis of campylobacter infections typically involves a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory testing, and medical imaging. Laboratory tests may include culture isolation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or immunological assays to detect the presence of Campylobacter bacteria.

Treatment of campylobacter infections typically involves antibiotics such as macrolides, fluoroquinolones, and ceftriaxone. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to manage complications such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, or sepsis.

Prevention of campylobacter infections includes proper handling and cooking of food, especially poultry, good hygiene practices, and safe water consumption. Vaccines are also being developed to prevent campylobacter infections in animals and humans.

Overall, campylobacter infections can cause a wide range of illnesses, from mild to severe, and proper diagnosis, treatment, and prevention measures are essential to reduce the risk of complications and death.

Example sentences:

1. The outbreak of birnaviridae infections in the local wildlife population has been linked to the consumption of contaminated water sources.
2. The researchers are studying the effects of birnaviridae infections on the reproduction rates of infected birds.
3. The veterinarian suspects that the sudden death of several zoo animals may be due to birnaviridae infections.

The term "Salmonella Infections, Animal" is used to distinguish these infections from Salmonella infections that are caused by contaminated food or water, which are referred to as "Salmonella Infections, Human."

Eimeria species are obligate intracellular parasites that infect the epithelial cells lining the intestinal tract of animals, causing damage to the gut mucosa and leading to diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, and even death. The disease can be acute or chronic, depending on the severity of the infection and the host's immune response.

There are several species of Eimeria that can infect ruminants, with different species affecting different parts of the intestinal tract. For example, Eimeria bovis and Eimeria zuernii infect the caecum and abomasum, respectively, while Eimeria ellipsoidalis and Eimeria falciformis infect the small intestine.

Coccidiosis is typically diagnosed through fecal examination, where the presence of oocysts (eggs) in the feces is indicative of an infection. Treatment options include anticoccidial drugs, which can be administered orally or parenterally, and supportive care to manage symptoms such as diarrhea and dehydration.

Prevention is key to managing coccidiosis, and this includes the use of vaccines, cleanliness and hygiene practices, and controlling the parasite's environmental survival. In some cases, a combination of these methods may be necessary to effectively prevent and control coccidiosis in ruminant populations.

... website Frank Chickens on BBC pages 3:AM interview "We are Ninja" video on YouTube The Guardian - Frank Chickens ... "Frank Chickens performance schedule". Frank Chickens. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. " ... Lee, Stewart (3 August 2010). "Frank Chickens: Edinburgh gods". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 February 2016. "Frank Chickens have ... The Best of Frank Chickens, (Kaz 1987) (reissue of We Are Frank Chickens contains 5 additional tracks, including "Fujiyamamama ...
Chicken breeds, Chicken breeds originating in Thailand, Chicken breeds originating in Japan). ... The Shamo breeds are thought to derive from fighting chickens of Malay type brought from Thailand in the early part of the 17th ... There are seven recognised breeds of Shamo chicken in Japan, all of which are designated Natural Monuments of Japan. ... Percy, Pam (2006-02-20). The Field Guide to Chickens. Voyageur Press. ISBN 978-0-7603-2473-8. Masaoki Tsudzuki (2003). Japanese ...
... (often stylized as BBQ CHICKENS) is a Japanese hardcore punk band, created in 2000 by former Hi-Standard member ... BBQ Chickens later won the award for "Best Alternative Video" during the 2002 Space Shower Music Video Awards for their video " ... "BBQ Chickens". Archived from the original on 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-17. ja:SPACE SHOWER Music Video ... "Sick Guy/Stupid Magazine", and the year after with "Pizza of Death's Theme/Fat Boy". BBQ Chickens' third album, Fine Songs, ...
... are a group of ornamental chicken breeds characterised by a tuft or crest of upward-pointing feathers on the ... Allometric Comparison of the Brain and Brain Structures in the White Crested Polish Chicken with Uncrested Domestic Chicken ... Original crested chickens originate from the Netherlands, France, Italy, Poland, Russia, and in the Western Balkans. Apart from ... A skull excavated in England suggests that crested chickens were present there in Roman times. Early depictions of these birds ...
... , in some accounts referenced as Chicken Warrups or Sam Mohawk, was a Native American who lived in the ... Accounts of Chickens Warrups are complicated by some references to a son named Thomas Chickens Warrups (also known by ... "Chickens ... seems to have been a strange mixture of Indian shrewdness, rascality and cunning, and was in continual difficulty ... Redding's official town seal, dated 1714, depicts founder John Read under the boughs of a tree purchasing land from Chickens ...
The following is a list of these albums that have featured tracks by the Headless Chickens. "Kiwi band Headless Chickens reform ... The Headless Chickens split up soon after the release of Greedy. In 2002 Flying Nun Records released a 2CD best-of compilation ... The Headless Chickens was a New Zealand band. Going against the grain of the Dunedin sound that dominated the Flying Nun ... The Headless Chickens recorded three albums, Stunt Clown (1988), Body Blow (1991), and Greedy (1997), plus various EPs for ...
Unlike natural chickens slaughtered after an average of 100 days, franken-chickens are slaughtered at around 47 days old and ... Franken-chickens, also called frankenchickens, are chickens genetically engineered and bred at an unnatural rate on factory ... The speed at which franken-chickens grow makes them cost less and can lead to a muscle disease that makes the meat higher in ... "Franken-Chickens Growing Six Times Faster Than a Century Ago". Mercy For Animals. 2013-09-16. Retrieved 2021-10-16. "What are ' ...
The Big Chicken of Marietta, Georgia houses a Kentucky Fried Chicken location, and is used as a navigational aid for local ... Chickens have been widely used as national symbols, and as mascots for clubs, businesses, and other associations. The chicken ... Hector Chicken is the eponymous bird who gives his name to the fast food restaurant chain in Belgium and France. Le Coq Sportif ... The standard of Sir Robin from Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a chicken. The town of Denizli in Republic of Turkey is ...
... are characterised by abnormally short legs, so short that the body is carried a few centimetres from the ... Scots Dumpy / United Kingdom (Chicken). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization ... 438 Creeper chickens have been known and described since Renaissance times at least. They have been called by many names, among ... 63 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Creeper chickens. F.B. Hutt (1949). Genetics of the Fowl. New York: McGraw-Hill Book ...
... based on the Laser Moose character from Savage Chickens, which has had two sequels. "Welcome Cartoon - Savage Chickens - ... Savage Chickens is a webcomic created by Canadian cartoonist Doug Savage. It is a single panel comic drawn on yellow sticky ... Savage Chickens has existed since 31 January 2005 and it contains at least a thousand comics. The page is generally updated ... Savage produced a stop-animation style music video in the artistic style of Savage Chickens for a contest to make a music video ...
... is a book/music CD combination by Sandra Boynton and Michael Ford, published in 2002. The first half of ... "Philadelphia Chickens [With CD]". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 7 November 2014. Marder, Dianna (2 April 2003). "Cheep thrills ...
"Dear Chickens". Dear Chickens at IMDb official film website (Use dmy dates from December 2021, Articles with short description ... Dear Chickens is a short dramedy. The film's run time is 14 minutes. It was co-written and directed by Mauro Mueller, and ... "DEAR CHICKENS: A moving short Film takes aim for the Oscars". Archived from the original on 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 ... "Dear Chickens". 5 November 2018. "Past Winners". LA Shorts International Film Festival. Retrieved 13 June 2022. " ...
... is a 1943 American Western film and a sequel to Dudes are Pretty People (1942) and Calaboose (1943), Western ... Yola Prairie Chickens in the Internet Movie Database v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata ...
Regan, Caleb (March 9, 2010). "Backyard Chicken Coop Giveaway at Community Chickens". Grit. (Ogden Publications). Retrieved ... Community Chickens is a joint Mother Earth News and Grit online magazine published by Ogden Publications in Topeka, Kansas. It ... The variety of issues covered aim to help readers fight for the right to raise chickens in their communities in order to live ... Community Chickens homepage v t e (Articles lacking reliable references from February 2015, All articles lacking reliable ...
... is a fast-casual restaurant chain which specializes in chicken tenders, wings, sandwiches, salads, wraps, chicken ... The Slim Chickens menu focuses on fresh chicken tenders, wings, salads, sandwiches, wraps, chicken & waffles, and southern- ... "Chicken restaurant coming to shopping centre". Kent Online. 2020-02-11. Retrieved 2020-02-26. "Chicken restaurant coming to ... Retrieved 25 June 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Fayetteville-based Slim Chickens taking fresh chicken ...
In Cholwell's Chickens, the now-wealthy Jean sets off to her home planet of Codrion to try to find out about her parents. In ... Cholwell's Chickens is a science fiction novella by Jack Vance from 1952. It was first published in Thrilling Wonder Stories ... She goes to see Cholwell's estate, only to discover that his claim of raising "chickens" was a front for his human cloning ... Cholwell recovers and says he is seeking investors for a genetically-modified chicken cloning operation he is setting up on ...
Chickens is a 1916 American short silent comedy film featuring Oliver Hardy. Bobby Burns as Pokes Walter Stull as Jabbs Oliver ... Hardy (as Babe Hardy) Frank Hanson Ethel Marie Burton List of American films of 1916 Oliver Hardy filmography Chickens at IMDb ...
Jack Canfield (1998), Chicken soup for the pet lover's soul, pp. 209-210, ISBN 978-1-55874-571-1 "Chickens to get new home". ... "Wily chickens outsmart LA wranglers". Deseret News. December 3, 1976. Retrieved July 8, 2011. "Chickens to be sent to farm". ... By 1976, the flock included about 50 of the chickens, described as Rhode Island Reds. They became known as "Minnie's chickens ... 118.3703 The Hollywood Freeway chickens are a colony of feral chickens that live under the Vineland Avenue off-ramp of the ...
Chickens at IMDb Official website Chickens at British Comedy Guide (Use dmy dates from February 2014, Use British English from ... Chickens is a British sitcom that was first broadcast on Channel 4 as a television pilot on 2 September 2011, as part of the ... Jonny Sweet as Bert: the dimwitted man of the trio of Chickens. Bert does tend to forget that the war is actually going on. ... "Kent Film Office Chickens Film Focus". "Weekly Top 10 Programmes". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 31 August ...
"Chickens Come Home - Cast". IMDb Chickens Come Home at IMDb Chickens Come Home at AllMovie Chickens Come Home at the TCM Movie ... Chickens Come Home is a 1931 American pre-Code short film starring Laurel and Hardy, directed by James W. Horne and produced by ... Database Chickens Come Home/Politiquerías at the American Film Institute Catalog Chickens Come Home at Rotten Tomatoes ( ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chickens (1921 film). Chickens at IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie v t e (Articles with short ... "Chickens". Retrieved January 24, 2015. "Progressive Silent Film List: Chickens". Retrieved January 24, ... Chickens is a 1921 American silent comedy drama film directed by Jack Nelson and written by Agnes Christine Johnston based on ...
... was released on April 20. Chickens in Love consists of twelve cover songs written by 826LA students who ... Chickens in Love: An Album to Benefit 826LA is a compilation album by various artists, released in April 2010. The album was ... "Chickens in Love Limited Edition Vinyl LP". 826LA. Archived from the original on April 18, 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2013. " ... "100 Pigs" by Pig Power on YouTube "Am I Going Crazy?" by The Shaking Churros on YouTube Chickens in Love backstage with Dianna ...
... may refer to: Mother Carey's chickens, another common name of storm petrels Mother Carey's Chickens ( ... novel), a 1911 novel by Kate Douglas Wiggin Mother Carey's Chickens (film), a 1938 drama film adaptation of the novel Mother ... alternative name for a giant petrel This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Mother Carey's Chickens. ...
Variants in chicken growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene lead to sex-linked dwarf chickens, but effects of different variants are ... Dwarfs chickens reach sexual maturity and reproduce normally. Dwarfism in chickens has been found to be controlled by several ... Dwarfism in chickens is an inherited condition found in chickens consisting of a significant delayed growth, resulting in adult ... 1998 Nucleotide sequence of the chicken HMGI-C cDNA and expression of the HMGI-C and IGF1 genes in autosomal dwarf chicken ...
... is the ability of a chicken to understand and share the feelings of another chicken. The Biotechnology and ... Previous investigations established the indicators of an emotional response in chickens. Domestic chickens can be observed to ... empathetic nature of chickens. Animal communication Emotion in non-human animals "Chickens are capable of feeling empathy, ... At one time, a Virginia prison was planned to be transformed into 'Chicken empathy museum' by PETA to raise awareness of the ...
... to Mother Carey's Chickens at Wikimedia Commons The full text of Mother Carey's Chickens at Wikisource Mother Carey's Chickens ... Mother Carey's Chickens is a novel by Kate Douglas Wiggin published in 1911 by Houghton Mifflin. The book tells the story of a ...
"Juice" is a song by New Zealand rock band Headless Chickens, released as a single in 1992. The track was originally titled " ... When McDonald later joined the Headless Chickens, the song was reworked and renamed "Juice". It was released as a double A-side ... T14651.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) "Headless Chickens - Juice". Top 40 Singles. ... Juice (Australasian CD single cover). Headless Chickens. Flying Nun Records, Mushroom Records. 1992. FNCD255, D 11331.{{cite AV ...
Pictures of chickens are found on Greek red figure and black-figure pottery. In ancient Greece, chickens were still rare and ... Delos seems to have been a center of chicken breeding (Columella, De Re Rustica 8.3.4). "About 3200 BC chickens were common in ... For a recent study of chickens in the New Testament, see Joshua N. Tilton "Chickens and the Cultural Context of the Gospels ... The Roman gourmet Apicius offers 17 recipes for chicken, mainly boiled chicken with a sauce. All parts of the animal are used: ...
Mother Carey's Chickens is a 1938 drama film starring Anne Shirley and Ruby Keeler. The film was directed by Rowland V. Lee and ... Mother Carey's Chickens at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, 1938 films, ... Mother Carey's Chickens. Originally Katharine Hepburn was assigned to the lead role. She refused, however, and left RKO in ...
... and selected quotes Free eBook of Love Among the Chickens (1921 rewrite) at Project Gutenberg Love Among the Chickens public ... Love Among the Chickens is a novel by P. G. Wodehouse, first published as a book in the United Kingdom in June 1906 by George ... They recapture the chicken, and Garnet is invited to lunch, stays to play croquet afterwards, and his love for Phyllis is ... The chickens become ill, and Garnet, on his way to fetch help, runs into Phyllis, who shows him some friendliness. Later, ...
Mother Careys Chickens Summary. Kate Douglas Wiggin. Everything you need to understand or teach Mother Careys Chickens by ... MOTHER CAREY HERSELF “By and by there came along a flock of petrels, who are Mother Carey’s own chickens....  ...
Chicken Recipes Chicken Recipes. See All Chicken Recipes. Our 15 Best Baked Chicken Wing Recipes of All Time Are Why Napkins ... From Hawaiian pineapple chicken to pineapple chicken stir-fries and more, check out our favorite pineapple chicken recipes. ... Our 15 Best Baked Chicken Wing Recipes of All Time Are Why Napkins Were Invented. Chicken wings are a real crowd-pleaser. ... 3 Deliciously Easy Ways to Cook Chicken Drumsticks. Plus, get top-rated chicken drumstick recipes. ...
Coat chicken thighs in flour and add to pan. Colour on all sides, season with black pepper and transfer to casserole dish. ... Pour over the chicken in casserole and transfer to hot oven at 160 degrees for 1 hour. Add Crème Fraîche and freshly chopped ...
Hardees debuted its new hand-breaded chicken sandwiches this week, offering three varieties: A sandwich on a potato bun with ... The fast-food chicken wars have been going on for the past few years, and now a new contender has thrown its sandwich into the ... a chicken biscuit; and a chicken and waffle breakfast sandwich. ... Taste test: Find out what we thought about Hardees new chicken ... Hardees debuted its new hand-breaded chicken sandwiches this week, offering three varieties: A sandwich on a potato bun with ...
Tangy sweet and sour sauce glazes chunks of chicken, pineapple, peppers, cashews, and snow peas in a stir-fry that takes less ... Add chicken and gently cook until chicken is opaque and just about cooked through, 1 to 2 minutes. Remove chicken and set aside ... Stir in cashews, chicken, and sauce. Cook, stirring, until sauce boils and thickens, chicken is cooked through, and entire ... 1 pound boneless, skinless, chicken breast, trimmed of visible fat and cut into 1-inch cubes ...
Cut chicken diagonally into 1/2-inch-thick slices; set aside. In a 3-1/2- or 4-quart slow cooker, stir together pasta sauce and ... To serve, spoon chicken and sauce mixture over bun halves. If desired, sprinkle with crumbled bacon and tomato. Serve with dill ... These Are the Best Ground Chicken Recipes for Meatballs, Burgers, and More ...
In the beginning of the month, it would be filled with food; food like fish and chicken, and sometimes beef. But at the end of ...
... the eerie hollow moaning of male prairie-chickens displaying on their spring booming grounds was a common sound across much ... Today the prairie-chickens are quite uncommon and localized; the race on the Atlantic seaboard, called the Heath Hen, became ... At one time, the eerie hollow moaning of male prairie-chickens displaying on their spring booming grounds was a common sound ... How Climate Change Will Reshape the Range of the Greater Prairie-Chicken. Audubons scientists have used 140 million bird ...
Bakery & Deli Ordering. Make Events Easy. Order ahead, pick up in-store.
Brown chicken in oil and butter, add onions and saute. Add tomatoes, buttermilk, sugar, salt and pepper. Cover and simmer 25 to ...
Frost on Chickens Frost on Chickens: A National Agricultural Library Digital Exhibit ... Every boy and girl club member should provide a good coop for the mother hen and little chickens. If you do not have one ...
Learn why Salmonella linked to chicken is a prevention priority. ... Chicken is a major source of these illnesses.. We know it is ... Widespread vaccination of chickens against this serotype in the United States may account for part of this decline. ... In 1993, England and Wales launched a program to vaccinate chickens against both Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella ... The following year, human infections of Salmonella Enteritidis associated with eating chicken dropped dramatically. And from ...
Season chicken with salt and pepper and add to pot.. Cook, stirring occasionally, until chicken is golden brown all over, about ... Boneless chicken stewed with tomatoes, onions and peppers and served with a richly satisfying sour cream sauce: a simple, ... Reduce heat to medium and cook, uncovered, for 20 minutes, to allow flavors to develop and chicken to become tender. ... The beautiful golden red of this chicken dish contrasts beautifully with whole wheat penne, brown rice or even gnocchi. ...
Coconut fried chicken: Get Marcus Samuelssons recipe. TODAY UP NEXT. * Sydney Sweeney: My dad had to turn off Euphoria and ... Julia Louis-Dreyfus struggles to eat insanely hot chicken wings. TODAY * Billy Joel to end his Madison Square Garden residency ... Coconut fried chicken: Get Marcus Samuelssons recipe. Duration: 04:06 3/24/2023. ... Julia Louis-Dreyfus struggles to eat insanely hot chicken wings. TODAY 1:07 ...
Learn more about our range of Chicken & Turkey Slices ... Get quality Chicken & Turkey Slices at Tesco. Shop in store or ...
1. an exceptionally important and fine doucai chicken cup mark and period of chenghua ...
This smooth and creamy chicken liver pâté is flavored with onions, fresh herbs and Marsala, then blended with crème fraîche. ... Season chicken livers with salt and pepper. Heat 1/4 cup of the olive oil in a large skillet. Add half of the livers and cook ... Rich, earthy chicken livers pair exceptionally well with bright, focused red Burgundy, which often has a little earthiness of ... This simple pâté is made from sautéed chicken livers mixed with onions, anchovies and Marsala, then blended with crème fraîche ...
Making baked BBQ chicken at home is surprisingly simple with this healthful rendition. ... Making baked BBQ chicken at home is surprisingly simple. Youll start by baking split chicken breasts and then finish them ... Turn over chicken and brush with 2 tablespoons barbecue sauce. Broil until sauce is bubbling, 2 to 3 minutes. Turn chicken skin ... Arrange chicken, skin side up, on a rimmed baking sheet lined with aluminum foil. Season with ¼ teaspoon each salt and black ...
Chicken is the top-selling meat in the United States. The average American eats 84 pounds a year - more chicken than beef or ... Sorry red meat, chicken is whats for dinner.. Now, the USDA is proposing a fundamental change in the way that poultry makes it ... "It is the goal and primary focus of the chicken industry and USDA alike to provide consumers with safe, high-quality and ... USDA to Let Industry Self-Inspect Chicken. By Jim Avila April 18, 2012 ...
Add chicken; cook 10 minutes or until done (165 degrees F), turning once. Stir in sauce and pasta mixture. Heat through, ...
Spoon sauce on chicken pieces.. 3. Bake chicken, uncovered, at 350°F about 45 minutes or until chicken is no longer pink (165°F ... Baked Pepperoni Chicken. Chicken Parmesan fans, save your long-cooking recipes for weekends and enjoy this flavorful entrée ... 1. Cut chicken into 8 serving-size pieces. Place in ungreased 13 x 9 x 2-inch baking dish. Lightly sprinkle with pepper.. 2. In ... Sprinkle on chicken pieces. Bake, uncovered, at 350°F for 5 to 10 minutes or until cheese is melted and crumbs are browned. To ...
Here are the basics to you need to know to keep your chickens safe and healthy. ... The Chicken Coop. Most chicken keepers have an enclosed coop to protect the hens from the elements and predators at night. A ... Chicken Feed. Their diet consists primarily of seeds, plants, and animal protein. Many chicken keepers provide a pellet or ... A chicken eats about a pound and a half of feed per week. They tend to eat more in the winter than in the summer because they ...
The main recipe uses chicken but Ive also included a vegetarian alternative that uses butternut or acorn squash at the end. ... 5 chicken thighs (or two cups leftover chicken). ½ cup chicken stock or water. 2 large Anaheim peppers chopped. ½ large onion ... Simmer until cooked through and then remove both chicken and broth from the pan to cool. Shred chicken and keep the broth in a ... 5. Add in your shredded chicken (if using chopped leftover chicken add in now), broth, and tomatoes and stir until everything ...
Add hash browns, chicken, and 2 tablespoons water and cook, breaking up meat with a wooden spoon, until chicken is cooked ... Fill with chicken mixture, then fold edges over top. Bake until golden brown, 20 to 25 minutes. ...
Get Kung Po Chicken Recipe from Food Network ... Chicken: 2 skinless chicken breasts or 4 thighs, cut into 1/2- ... For the chicken: Place the chicken in a bowl and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Add the potato flour or cornstarch and mix well ... As the chicken begins to turn opaque, add the rice wine or dry sherry. Cook for an additional 2 minutes, then pour in the sauce ... Add the Sichuan peppercorns and dried chiles and fry for a few seconds, then add the chicken pieces and stir-fry for 2 minutes ...
Everyone can make their own meal by putting a chicken breast and the vegetables that they like in the bag, add the water and ...
Waitrose Recipe Card Chicken & spring veg in tarragon broth recipe on Visit the Waitrose website for more recipes ... 1 Kallo Organic Chicken Stock Pot 6 tarragon sprigs, 3 roughly chopped 2 skinless chicken breasts 4 small charlotte potatoes, ... 2. Lift the chicken out of the pan and rest on a plate, loosely covered with a sheet of foil. Discard the tarragon, bring the ... As chicken breast is so lean, poaching is a gentle cooking technique that helps keep the meat as tender as possible. ...
... this genius chicken Kyiv made with filo is lighter than the original, and one you can prep ahead. The kids will go crazy for ... Use the tip of a sharp knife to slice into the thickest part of each chicken breast and create a pocket. Divide and stuff in ... toss with the remaining oil and vinegar mixture and add to the chicken tray for the last 10 minutes. ...
  • Boneless chicken stewed with tomatoes, onions and peppers and served with a richly satisfying sour cream sauce: a simple, savory and rustic dinner. (
  • Watchdog groups insist a combination of increased testing and government inspection is needed to lower salmonella and other disease outbreaks from chicken. (
  • We know it is possible to reduce Salmonella contamination of chicken and the resulting illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths. (
  • In 1993, England and Wales launched a program to vaccinate chickens against both Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium and to improve hygiene through measures such as feed and flock testing, and cleaning and sanitizing buildings that held infected birds. (
  • The following year, human infections of Salmonella Enteritidis associated with eating chicken dropped dramatically. (
  • When it comes to flavors, the mighty chicken wing has something for everyone, so whether you like them spicy, cheesy, or a little bit sweet, you'll find a recipe that's just right for you on Allrecipes. (
  • Chef and restaurateur Marcus Samuelsson stops by the TODAY kitchen to share his recipe for crispy, crunchy coconut fried chicken. (
  • Tip: This recipe is lower in saturated fat and cholesterol because it is made with skinless chicken, flavored with vegetables and seasonings, and cooked slowly in water (moist heat). (
  • You'll start by baking split chicken breasts and then finish them under the broiler with a slick of your favorite sauce. (
  • After three birds tested positive for the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu virus, Hong Kong culled 17,000 chickens Wednesday and suspended live poultry imports for 21 days. (
  • McDonald's wanted to add a chicken nugget to their menu but feared that the price of poultry would skyrocket. (
  • Although H7N9 viruses had been detected in live chicken/Jilin/SD001/2014(H9N2) clustered with those poultry markets in 12 provinces in China ( 12 , 13 ), the of the H9N2 viruses (online Technical Appendix Fig- virus had not been detected in Jilin Province, in poultry ure, panels B-F, H). However, the matrix (M) gene of or humans. (
  • the M gene of ducted influenza virus surveillance among poultry in the A/chicken/Jilin/SD020/2014(H7N2) clustered with the patient's village. (
  • Scroll through to find our best baked chicken wing recipes of all time, including baked Buffalo wings, baked teriyaki wings, baked BBQ wings, baked lemon pepper wings, and more. (
  • From Hawaiian pineapple chicken to pineapple chicken stir-fries and more, check out our favorite pineapple chicken recipes. (
  • Chicken Parmesan fans, save your long-cooking recipes for weekends and enjoy this flavorful entrée when you have limited preparation time. (
  • embryonated chicken eggs. (
  • The youngest children acted out the life-cycle of a butterfly and dental hygiene while the kindergartners collected eggs from the chicken coop. (
  • Sprinkle chicken cubes with pepper. (
  • Brown the chicken cubes, in batches, with cooking spray as needed. (
  • Using tongs, transfer chicken to a plate, and let cool slightly, about 10 minutes. (
  • Using a slotted spoon, transfer chicken to a plate and set aside. (
  • Every boy and girl club member should provide a good coop for the mother hen and little chickens. (
  • Most chicken keepers have an enclosed coop to protect the hens from the elements and predators at night. (
  • When sizing the coop, consider how many chickens you want or are able to care for. (
  • It's highly recommended to construct a coop that locks the chickens up securely for the night. (
  • Many chicken keepers provide a pellet or loose feed, which costs roughly $20 for a 50-pound bag or a bit more for organic feeds. (
  • A chicken eats about a pound and a half of feed per week. (
  • Stir in cashews, chicken, and sauce. (
  • To serve, spoon chicken and sauce mixture over bun halves. (
  • As pasta bars become increasingly popular for takeaways, Catherine is going demonstrate how easy it is to make homemade pasta - and a delicious dish of Open Tomato Ravioli with a Chicken Marsala Sauce. (
  • Stir into the chicken marsala sauce. (
  • Turn over chicken and brush with 2 tablespoons barbecue sauce. (
  • Spoon sauce on chicken pieces. (
  • To serve, use slotted spoon to lift sauce- and crumb-topped chicken out of juices. (
  • Mix chicken and barbeque sauce in a large bowl. (
  • Pineapple pairs beautifully with chicken, imparting a subtle sweetness and tang. (
  • Plus, the enzymes in pineapple can help break down fibrous tissues and tenderize chicken. (
  • Add chicken and gently cook until chicken is opaque and just about cooked through, 1 to 2 minutes. (
  • Add the chicken and cook for a further 5 minutes. (
  • Add garlic and cook for about 1 minute followed by the thyme and parsley and transfer the cooked shallots, along with the bacon to the frying pan with the browned chicken. (
  • Reduce heat to medium and cook, uncovered, for 20 minutes, to allow flavors to develop and chicken to become tender. (
  • When you cook cough medicine like NyQuil, however, you boil off the water and alcohol in it, leaving the chicken saturated with a super concentrated amount of drugs in the meat. (
  • Stir in the cream and simmer until chicken fully cooked through then turn off the heat and set aside. (
  • The average American eats 84 pounds a year - more chicken than beef or pork. (
  • Add onion and chicken slices. (
  • reduce heat to medium-low, and simmer, stirring occasionally, until chicken is tender and cooked through, 45 minutes to 1 hour. (
  • This bright soup of chicken, lemon, vegetables, and herbs is made cozy with light fluffy dumplings. (
  • If stock doesn't cover chicken and vegetables, add cold water to cover. (
  • Push vegetables to sides of sheet, and place chicken in center. (
  • Season chicken and vegetables with salt and pepper. (
  • Roast until an instant-read thermometer inserted in thickest part of chicken (avoiding bone) registers 165 degrees, 30 to 35 minutes, tossing vegetables once. (
  • Serve chicken alongside vegetables. (
  • Roasted chicken gets a stylish French makeover with herbs, carrots, and olives. (
  • Bake until crispy and golden brown and chicken is no longer pink inside, about 20 to 25 minutes. (
  • Brown chicken in oil and butter, add onions and saute. (
  • As early as next week, the government will end debate on a cost-cutting, modernization proposal it hopes to fully implement by the end of the year - a plan that is setting off alarm bells among food science watchdogs because it turns over most of the chicken inspection duties to the companies that produce the birds for sale. (
  • 3. Bake chicken, uncovered, at 350°F about 45 minutes or until chicken is no longer pink (165°F). (
  • Place chicken pieces in the bag, reseal, and toss to coat. (
  • Chicken is the top-selling meat in the United States. (
  • Sorry red meat, chicken is what's for dinner. (
  • Broil until an instant-read thermometer inserted in thickest portion of chicken reads 165°F, 3 to 5 minutes. (
  • Arrange chicken, skin side up, on a rimmed baking sheet lined with aluminum foil. (
  • Arrange coated chicken pieces on the baking sheet. (
  • After the release of Gallus_gallus-5.0 in December 2015, the GRC has taken over the responsibility for the management of chicken reference genome assembly updates. (
  • The proposed inspection system will better protect the public from foodborne illnesses by reducing reliance on old-fashioned visual and sensory inspection and moving to prevention-oriented inspection systems based on actual risk to consumers," Ashley Peterson, vice president of science and technology at the National Chicken Council, said in a statement . (
  • The beautiful golden red of this chicken dish contrasts beautifully with whole wheat penne, brown rice or even gnocchi. (
  • There was a lot of volatility in the chicken market at that time and they were worried that if they set a menu price and the price of chicken then went through the roof that they would get squeezed or they'd have to raise the prices and it would be unstable,' Dalio says. (
  • Widespread vaccination of chickens against this serotype in the United States may account for part of this decline. (
  • Even the pickiest eaters will find something to love in this kid-friendly collection of cold sandwiches, wraps, pasta and chicken salads, and bento box ideas. (
  • The trend involves cooking chicken in a pan full of the cold and flu medicine NyQuil. (
  • A. flavus showed maximum (53%) feather degradation, A. niger degraded feather waste up to 37%, while C. queenslandicum showed 21% keratinolytic activity on chicken feathers at their respective temperature optima. (
  • In his early days, Dalio had two clients, he tells Dubner: McDonald's and a chicken producer. (
  • Dalio had to get creative to engineer a solution, so he went to the chicken producer directly with a pitch that would hedge the cost of producing the chicken instead. (
  • He argued that since a full-grown chicken was nothing more than a baby chick plus corn and soymeal, the prices of the grains were the volatile costs the producer needed to worry about - not the cost of the chicks. (
  • Dalio showed the chicken producer how it could lock down its production costs by buying corn and soymeal futures, which allowed the producer to offer McDonald's a fixed price for chicken. (
  • With chickens and citizen science on the brain, producer John Harrington, audio technician Brian Neary, and I packed up our cameras and headed up to Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, 40 miles west of Boston. (
  • Add the diced chicken and sauté until browned both sides. (