Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Pneumonia, Bacterial: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.Chest Pain: Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.Pneumonia, Viral: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.Pneumonia, Pneumococcal: A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia: An interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, occurring between 21-80 years of age. It is characterized by a dramatic onset of a "pneumonia-like" illness with cough, fever, malaise, fatigue, and weight loss. Pathological features include prominent interstitial inflammation without collagen fibrosis, diffuse fibroblastic foci, and no microscopic honeycomb change. There is excessive proliferation of granulation tissue within small airways and alveolar ducts.Pneumonia, Pneumocystis: A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.Pneumonia, Staphylococcal: Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated: Serious INFLAMMATION of the LUNG in patients who required the use of PULMONARY VENTILATOR. It is usually caused by cross bacterial infections in hospitals (NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS).Pneumonia, Aspiration: A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Chest Tubes: Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Pneumonia, Mycoplasma: Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.Pneumonia, Lipid: Pneumonia due to aspiration or inhalation of various oily or fatty substances.Thoracic Wall: The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.Lung Diseases, Interstitial: A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Mass Chest X-Ray: X-ray screening of large groups of persons for diseases of the lung and heart by means of radiography of the chest.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Flail Chest: A complication of multiple rib fractures, rib and sternum fractures, or thoracic surgery. A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration.Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias: A group of interstitial lung diseases with no known etiology. There are several entities with varying patterns of inflammation and fibrosis. They are classified by their distinct clinical-radiological-pathological features and prognosis. They include IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS; CRYPTOGENIC ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA; and others.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Streptococcus pneumoniae: A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.Murine pneumonia virus: A species of the genus PNEUMOVIRUS causing pneumonia in mice.Thoracic NeoplasmsPneumocystis jirovecii: A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid: Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.Pneumocystis: A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Legionnaires' Disease: An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Pulmonary Eosinophilia: A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Bronchopneumonia: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination: This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.Pneumothorax: An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.Chest Wall Oscillation: A respiratory support system used to remove mucus and clear airway by oscillating pressure on the chest.Bronchoalveolar Lavage: Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.Funnel Chest: A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.Thoracic Diseases: Disorders affecting the organs of the thorax.Ventilators, Mechanical: Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Pneumonia, Progressive Interstitial, of Sheep: Chronic respiratory disease caused by the VISNA-MAEDI VIRUS. It was formerly believed to be identical with jaagsiekte (PULMONARY ADENOMATOSIS, OVINE) but is now recognized as a separate entity.Empyema: Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.Heart Massage: Rhythmic compression of the heart by pressure applied manually over the sternum (closed heart massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open heart massage). It is done to reinstate and maintain circulation. (Dorland, 28th ed)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Pleural Effusion: Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Pseudomonas Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.Pneumonia of Swine, Mycoplasmal: A chronic, clinically mild, infectious pneumonia of PIGS caused by MYCOPLASMA HYOPNEUMONIAE. Ninety percent of swine herds worldwide are infected with this economically costly disease that primarily affects animals aged two to six months old. The disease can be associated with porcine respiratory disease complex. PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA is often found as a secondary infection.Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.Pneumococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Rib FracturesPulmonary Fibrosis: A process in which normal lung tissues are progressively replaced by FIBROBLASTS and COLLAGEN causing an irreversible loss of the ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream via PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Patients show progressive DYSPNEA finally resulting in death.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Thoracostomy: Surgical procedure involving the creation of an opening (stoma) into the chest cavity for drainage; used in the treatment of PLEURAL EFFUSION; PNEUMOTHORAX; HEMOTHORAX; and EMPYEMA.Pneumocystis carinii: The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Immunocompromised Host: A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.Thoracic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.Legionella pneumophila: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.Legionella: Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.Pneumococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Lung Abscess: Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.Child, Hospitalized: Child hospitalized for short term care.Respiratory Insufficiency: Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Pentamidine: Antiprotozoal agent effective in trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and some fungal infections; used in treatment of PNEUMOCYSTIS pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. It may cause diabetes mellitus, central nervous system damage, and other toxic effects.Chlamydial Pneumonia: Pneumonia caused by infections with the genus CHLAMYDIA; and CHLAMYDOPHILA, usually with CHLAMYDOPHILA PNEUMONIAE.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Empyema, Pleural: Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Hemothorax: Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Opportunistic Infections: An infection caused by an organism which becomes pathogenic under certain conditions, e.g., during immunosuppression.Klebsiella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.Hemoptysis: Expectoration or spitting of blood originating from any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT, usually from hemorrhage in the lung parenchyma (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and the BRONCHIAL ARTERIES.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Haemophilus Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.Lung Diseases, Fungal: Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the body.Deglutition Disorders: Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Pulmonary Atelectasis: Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.Sternum: A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted: Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Pleural DiseasesBiopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Bronchitis: Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.Pneumovirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus PNEUMOVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS INFECTIONS, an important cause of respiratory disease in humans.Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.Pleura: The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.Pneumocystis Infections: Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.Pericarditis: Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.Intensive Care: Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.Lung Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the lungs with parasites, most commonly by parasitic worms (HELMINTHS).Pulmonary Alveoli: Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Adrenal Cortex HormonesHospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A common interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, usually occurring between 50-70 years of age. Clinically, it is characterized by an insidious onset of breathlessness with exertion and a nonproductive cough, leading to progressive DYSPNEA. Pathological features show scant interstitial inflammation, patchy collagen fibrosis, prominent fibroblast proliferation foci, and microscopic honeycomb change.Pasteurella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Mineral Oil: A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.Chlamydophila pneumoniae: A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.United StatesPercussion: Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.Pneumonia, Rickettsial: Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.JapanConfusion: A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.Suction: The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Thoracoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult: A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.Mycoplasma Infections: Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.Macrophages, Alveolar: Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.Autopsy: Postmortem examination of the body.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Respiratory Rate: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.Calcitonin: A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.Ceftriaxone: A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.Macrolides: A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.Solitary Pulmonary Nodule: A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Respiratory Tract DiseasesTracheitisCilastatin: A renal dehydropeptidase-I and leukotriene D4 dipeptidase inhibitor. Since the antibiotic, IMIPENEM, is hydrolyzed by dehydropeptidase-I, which resides in the brush border of the renal tubule, cilastatin is administered with imipenem to increase its effectiveness. The drug also inhibits the metabolism of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Pneumonia, Atypical Interstitial, of Cattle: A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Pain Clinics: Facilities providing diagnostic, therapeutic, and palliative services for patients with severe chronic pain. These may be free-standing clinics or hospital-based and serve ambulatory or inpatient populations. The approach is usually multidisciplinary. These clinics are often referred to as "acute pain services". (From Br Med Bull 1991 Jul;47(3):762-85)Esophageal Diseases: Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.Paramyxoviridae Infections: Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.Prednisolone: A glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.Heart Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the heart.Mannheimia haemolytica: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.Critical Care: Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Pulmonary Medicine: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.Streptolysins: Exotoxins produced by certain strains of streptococci, particularly those of group A (STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES), that cause HEMOLYSIS.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Dapsone: A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Mediastinum: A membrane in the midline of the THORAX of mammals. It separates the lungs between the STERNUM in front and the VERTEBRAL COLUMN behind. It also surrounds the HEART, TRACHEA, ESOPHAGUS, THYMUS, and LYMPH NODES.Mycoplasma bovis: A species of gram-negative bacteria causing MASTITIS; ARTHRITIS; and RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in CATTLE.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Bronchiectasis: Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi.APACHE: An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.Near Drowning: Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.Respiratory Aspiration: Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Actinomycetales Infections: Infections with bacteria of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Adenoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)
"Typhus Pneumonia". Chest of Books. Retrieved 22 November 2010. "Dr. Wilhelm Victor Keidel resting place". Fredericksburg ... Keidel died of typhus pneumonia on January 9, 1870 and is buried with his second wife and her sister in the Kott Family ...
... of individuals who suffer from nosocomial-acquired aspiration pneumonia and pneumonia associated with tracheostomy with and ... Chest. 1993 ;103:1502-7. Bartlett JG. Anaerobic bacterial infections of the lung and pleural space.Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Suppl ... Chest 1979;70:420-4. Brook I. Microbiology and management of abdominal infections. Dig Dis Sci. 2008:53:2585-91. Solomkin JS, ... In adults the most common source of aspiration pneumonia is aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions or gastric contents. In ...
"Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in adults". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2 (2): CD006338. doi:10.1002/14651858. ... chest physiotherapy might not be recommended as routine additional treatment for pneumonia in adults." Techniques investigated ... In 2013, a Cochrane Review reviewed six randomized controlled trials which investigated the effect of four types of chest ... physiotherapy (including OMT) as adjunctive treatments for pneumonia in adults and concluded that "based on current limited ...
Caroline, NL.; H Schwartz (February 1975). "Chicken soup rebound and relapse of pneumonia". Chest. 67 (2): 215-216. doi:10.1378 ... Rosner, F (October 1980). "Therapeutic efficacy of chicken soup". Chest. 78 (4): 672-674. doi:10.1378/chest.78.4.672. PMID ... chest.67.2.215. PMID 1090422. Ohry, Abraham; Jenni Tsafrir (1999-12-14). "Is chicken soup an essential drug?". Canadian Medical ...
Additional ailments, possibly pneumonia, set in. Less than a week after Jefferson's visit, on October 7, George Mason died at ... Mason caught a chest cold. When Jefferson visited Gunston Hall on October 1, 1792, he found Mason, long a martyr to gout, ...
Saddad, N.; H. Shigemitsu; A. Christianson (2007). "Pneumonia from Paecilomyces in a 67-year-old immunocompetent man". Chest. ... doi:10.1378/chest.132.4_meetingabstracts.710. Grossman, C. E; A. Fowler (2005). "Paecilomyces: emerging fungal pathogen". Chest ... doi:10.1378/chest.128.4_meetingabstracts.425s. Byrd Jr, R. P.; T. M. Roy; C. L. Fields; J. A. Lynch (1992). "Paecilomyces ... Pneumonia due to P. variotii has been reported, albeit rarely, in the medical literature. Most cases are known from diabetics ...
Pneumocystis species can colonize lung cavities (visible in x-rays), causing a form of pneumonia. Asci of Ascosphaera fill ... Clinics in Chest Medicine. 30 (2): 265-89. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2009.02.005. PMID 19375633. James RR, Skinner JS (2005). "PCR ... 218-222 Krajicek BJ, Thomas CF Jr, Limper AH (2009). "Pneumocystis pneumonia: current concepts in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and ...
... s are associated with pneumonia, tuberculosis, and nocardiosis. Pulmonary infiltrates can be observed on a ... chest radiograph. Pulmonary consolidation "Assessment of persistent pulmonary infiltrate". BMJ. ...
Chest. 105 (3): 968-9. doi:10.1378/chest.105.3.968. PMID 8131586. Loughran S, Spinou E, Clement WA, et al. A prospective, ... Brown, A. C.; Slocum, P. C.; Putthoff, S. L.; Wallace, W. E.; Foresman, B. H. (1994). "Exogenous lipoid pneumonia due to nasal ... After petroleum jelly became a medicine chest staple, consumers began to use it for many ailments, as well as cosmetic purposes ... including toenail fungus, genital rashes (non-STD), nosebleeds, diaper rash, and chest colds. Its folkloric medicinal value as ...
A chest X-ray may be useful to detect pneumonia. Another common sign of bronchitis is a cough which lasts ten days to three ... doi:10.1378/chest.129.1_suppl.95S. PMID 16428698. Fleming, DM; Elliot, AJ (March 2007). "The management of acute bronchitis in ... Acute bronchitis is also known as a chest cold. Acute bronchitis usually has a cough that lasts around three weeks. In more ... Acute bronchitis, also known as a chest cold, is short term inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs. The most common symptom ...
A chest X-ray may be useful to detect pneumonia. Prevention is by not smoking and avoiding other lung irritants. Frequent hand ... A chest X-ray is useful to exclude pneumonia which is more common in those with a fever, fast heart rate, fast respiratory rate ... On occasion, chest pains, fever, and fatigue or malaise may also occur. In addition, bronchitis caused by Adenoviridae may ... Acute bronchitis, also known as a chest cold, is short-term inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) of the ...
Dignam was initially admitted to hospital with a suspected chest infection; this progressed to pneumonia. After numerous tests ...
Signs and symptoms may include pain in chest, bones, or joints; cough; skin infections, lung nodules, and pneumonia. B. ... Such symptoms include cough or pleuritic chest pain suggestive of pneumonia, bone or joint pain suggestive of osteomyelitis or ... A chest X-ray is also considered routine, with other investigations as clinically indicated. The presence of honeycomb ... doi:10.1378/chest.10-3336. PMID 21729895. Brilhante RS, Bandeira TJ, Cordeiro RA, et al. (2012). "Clinical-epidemiological ...
Kompis, M; Pasterkamp, H; Wodicka, GR (2001). "Acoustic imaging of the human chest". Acoustic Imaging of the Human Chest. Chest ... The skills of the examiner however, vary, as seen in a clinical study that was conducted on the diagnosis of pneumonia in 2004 ... doi:10.1378/chest.120.4.1309. PMID 11591576. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Mor R, Kushnir I, Meyer JJ, Ekstein J, ... Emitted vibration energy propagating through the lung parenchyma and the chest wall reaches the body surface where is captured ...
Flail chest is a potentially life-threatening injury and will often require a period of assisted ventilation. Flail chest and ... Potential complications include a pneumothorax, pulmonary contusion, and pneumonia. Rib fractures usually occur from a direct ... Signs one may have a broken rib are: Pain on inhalation Swelling in chest area Bruise in chest area Increasing shortness of ... This typically results in chest pain that is worse with breathing in. Bruising may occur at the site of the break. When several ...
At that time, a chest x-ray is ordered to confirm pneumonia. If the chest appears clear and SARS is still suspected, a HRCT ... and pneumonia. Another common finding in SARS patients is a decrease in the number of lymphocytes circulating in the blood. In ...
Chest and lungs: Bronchitis, pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. It is also used to treat ... This includes otitis media, strep throat, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and Lyme disease. For gonorrhea ...
Often it happens in the context of a pneumonia, injury, or chest surgery. It is one of various kinds of pleural effusion. There ... chest pain, shortness of breath and fever. The initial investigations for suspected empyema remains chest X-ray, although it ... Chest CT and MRI do not provide additional information in most cases and should therefore not be performed routinely. On a CT ... Most cases present themselves in the setting of a pneumonia, although up to one third of patients do not have clinical signs of ...
He told her he was in for a chest infection, downgraded from pneumonia. She told him about her community service, and they ... Sadly, Sophiya Haque, who portrayed Poppy, died on 17 January 2013, after developing pneumonia as a result of cancer. Michael " ...
Pneumocystis species can colonize lung cavities (visible in x-rays), causing a form of pneumonia.[8] Asci of Ascosphaera fill ... Clinics in Chest Medicine. 30 (2): 265-89. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2009.02.005. PMID 19375633.. ... Krajicek BJ, Thomas CF Jr, Limper AH (2009). "Pneumocystis pneumonia: current concepts in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and ...
Tests such as chest X-rays can be used to explore and exclude alternate causes of a person's symptoms. Tests such as stress ... Causes of sudden-onset breathlessness generally involve the lungs or heart - including pulmonary edema, pneumonia, allergic ... Chest pain may be accompanied by sweating, nausea or vomiting, and fainting, and these symptoms may also occur without any pain ... Chest pain is the most common symptom of acute myocardial infarction and is often described as a sensation of tightness, ...
The classical triad consists of pneumonia, endocarditis, and meningitis, all caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. It is ... Chest. 2009 Nov;136(5 Suppl):e30.. ...
Other symptoms described in flock workers include pleuritic chest pain and atypical chest pain. Most cases described have been ... Occasionally, desquamative interstitial pneumonia and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia can be seen. ... Kreiss, Kathleen (June 2013). "Occupational Lung Disease: From Case Reports to Prevention". Chest. 143: 1529. doi:10.1378/chest ... Chest. 143 (6): 1642-1648. doi:10.1378/chest.12-0920. PMID 23699830. Kern, David J.; Crausman, Robert S. (19 July 2013). "Flock ...
Probable Case: Meet the suspect case definition plus have pneumonia on chest X-ray. Confirmed Case: Meet the probable case ... pneumonia on chest X-ray). Place criteria will usually specify a geographical entity such as a town, state, or country, but may ... For example, in the investigation of an outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia in a nursing home the case definition may be ...
When this type of surgery is done the chest is opened up. An incision will be made on the side of the chest where the affected ... The main infection that a patient runs the risk of is pneumonia. Pneumothorax occurs when there is air trapped between the lung ... Chest tubes are left inside of the patient in order to help excess fluid drain. These will be removed by a doctor in a few days ... In order for chest tubes to be removed doctors must ensure that there is no longer fluid leaking from them along with no air ...
Pneumonia is the most common of the S. pneumoniae diseases which include symptoms such as fever and chills, cough, rapid ... breathing, difficulty breathing, and chest pain. For the elderly, they may include confusion, low alertness, and the former ... S. pneumoniae is the main cause of community acquired pneumonia and meningitis in children and the elderly,[5] and of ... In 1881, the organism, known later in 1886 as the pneumococcus[7] for its role as a cause of pneumonia, was first isolated ...
Points: Chest physiotherapy in primary pneumonia Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 291 :57 ... Points: Chest physiotherapy in primary pneumonia. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 291 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.291.6487.57 ...
Negative Chest Radiography and Risk of Pneumonia. Susan C. Lipsett, Michael C. Monuteaux, Richard G. Bachur, Nicole Finn, Mark ... Negative Chest Radiography and Risk of Pneumonia. Susan C. Lipsett, Michael C. Monuteaux, Richard G. Bachur, Nicole Finn, Mark ...
... caused by acute pneumonia following chickenpox. Pneumonia, as a complication of chickenpox, rarely occurs in children, but ... This chest X-ray shows cloudiness throughout the lungs, ... caused by acute pneumonia following chickenpox. Pneumonia, as a ... This chest x-ray shows cloudiness throughout the lungs, ...
Idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia with peripheral infiltrates on chest roentgenogram.. Bartter T1, Irwin ... We speculate that (1) it may be common for BOOP to present with peripheral infiltrates, (2) chest roentgenograms showing ... We report five patients with chest roentgenograms showing peripheral infiltrates similar to that described for chronic ... revealed typical changes of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) as the predominant finding in all cases, two ...
The most common cause of pneumonia with chest pain is an infection, but it can also be caused by conditions like cystic ... may also get pneumonia with chest pain. If both lungs become inflamed, the condition is referred to as double pneumonia. In ... I got viral pneumonia a few years ago, and I believe that chest pain was the worst pain Ive ever experienced. I could not ... Pneumonia may also be caused by medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis. Chronic bronchitis can cause chest pain, and if ...
From a chest computed tomography CT scan to sputum tests, our team is fully equipped to help you. Read more now! ... Our pneumonia team is one of the best teams in pneumonia diagnosis and pneumonia treatment in the world. ... A Pneumonia Diagnosis Can Have a Major Impact on Health Pneumonia is an infection in which the air sacs of one or both lungs ... Treatment for Pneumonia. Infection at UH For most types of pneumonia, our lung doctors often recommend a standard protocol of ...
Similarly, the presence of the target sign on chest CT may be helpful in suggesting the diagnosis of COVID 19 pneumonia in the ... Relation between chest CT findings and clinical conditions of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia: a multicenter study. ... Computed tomography (CT) of the chest is commonly used in the clinical management and assessment of complications of pneumonia ... Performance of radiologists in differentiating COVID-19 from viral pneumonia on chest CT. Radiology. 2020 Mar 10:200823. [ ...
She has pneumonia and chest infection. Any person suffering from it takes time to recover from it," a hospital insider told PTI ... Lata Mangeshkar has pneumonia, chest infection; will recover in time: Hospital. MUMBAI: Legendary singer Lata Mangeshkar, who ...
Patterns of resolution of chest radiograph abnormalities in adults hospitalized with severe community-acquired pneumonia. Clin ... Severe pneumonia was defined as a pneumonia severity index score of ,90 or according to the American Thoracic Society ... The time for clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities was estimated from chest radiographs taken at 0, 7 and 28 days. ... Clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities lagged considerably behind clinical improvement at all the assessment time ...
... chest physiotherapy might not be recommended as routine additional treatment for pneumonia in adults. ... Chest Physiotherapy for Pneumonia in Adults Ming Yang 1 , Yuping Yan, Xiangli Yin, Bin Y Wang, Taixiang Wu, Guan J Liu, Bi Rong ... Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in adults. Yang M, Yuping Y, Yin X, Wang BY, Wu T, Liu GJ, Dong BR. Yang M, et al. Cochrane ... Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in adults. Yang M, Yuping Y, Yin X, Wang BY, Wu T, Liu GJ, Dong BR. Yang M, et al. Cochrane ...
Pneumonia is caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Pneumonia can affect... ... Pneumonia is an infectious disease that attacks the lungs, causing the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and swollen. ... Pattar S, Pavithra R (2015) Detection and classification of lung disease-pneumonia and lung cancer in chest radiology using ... Pneumonia is caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Pneumonia can affect anyone, including children. The most successful type ...
Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia. Sep 11, 2018 , HealthDay , 0 , ... 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) - A negative chest radiograph (CXR) accurately excludes pneumonia in the majority of children, ... Children who had negative CXRs and no clinical diagnosis of pneumonia were managed for two weeks after the emergency department ... "Children with negative CXRs and low clinical suspicion for pneumonia can be safely observed without antibiotic therapy," the ...
Serotype Distribution of Chest X-ray Confirmed Pneumococcal Community Acquired Pneumonia in the Adult Population in Greece, ... Serotype Distribution of Chest X-ray Confirmed Pneumococcal Community Acquired Pneumonia in the Adult Population in Greece, ... The frequency of serotypes 4,6B,9V,14,18C,19F,23F,1,3,5,6A,7F and 19A from chest X-ray confirmed pCAP patients (post amendment2 ... Pneumonia. Pneumococcal Infections. Lung Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Respiratory Tract Infections. Streptococcal ...
... , on ... Pneumonia Is A Lung Disease That Sets In With A Severe Chest Discomfort, Coughing, Fever And Shortness Of Breath. Posted ... Pneumonia Is A Lung Disease That Sets In With A Severe Chest Discomfort, Coughing, Fever And Shortness Of Breath. - ... One example of such kind is VAP Ventilator associated pneumonia conquer the problems relevant of air deficiency in the human ...
oa Peribronchial Consolidation with Surrounding Ground-Glass Opacity in COVID-19 Pneumonia: 3D Reconstruction of a Chest ... Peribronchial Consolidation with Surrounding Ground-Glass Opacity in COVID-19 Pneumonia: 3D Reconstruction of a Chest Computed ... Coronavirus disease 2019: initial chest CT findings. Eur Radiol 2020: 1-9. ...
I Just Got Over Being Sick With Bronchitis pneumonia Just 2 Weeks Ago Now Im Back Coughing And My Chest Hurts Damn Can I Get 1 ...
To determine the incidence of occult pneumonia among children who have chest radiography and to identify clinical predictors of ... occult pneumonia, researchers conducted a prospective observational study in an urban pediatric emergency department. ... To determine the incidence of occult pneumonia among children who have chest radiography and to identify clinical predictors of ... To determine the incidence of occult pneumonia among children who have chest radiography (CXR) and to identify clinical ...
Fever of unknown origin and pneumonia are two clinical features useful in distinguishing between influenza and respiratory ... In contrast, 50.2% of the RSV group had pneumonia and 49.6% had bronchitis or bronchiolitis, versus just 22.9% and 6.3% of the ... LJUBLJANA, SLOVENIA - Fever of unknown origin and pneumonia are two clinical features useful in distinguishing between ...
Werner on chest x ray pneumonia vs asthma: suspects pneumonia, is ordering a chest x-ray to confirm it. ... trusted information on the use of Xray Of Chest for Pneumonia: Dr. ... Is pneumonia diagnosed by doctor, confirmed chest XRAY (mild hazy infiltrate) considered pleural effusion? Chest pains and ... Im a 38yo w/ chest cold & productive cough. My chest Xray ruled out pneumonia but showed coarse interstitial markings. Whats ...
Chest Radiograph Findings in Childhood Pneumonia Cases From the Multisite PERCH Study. Clinical infectious diseases : an ...
A few conditions or situations that put you at a higher risk for wheezing, coughing chest pain aspiration pneumonia are:. * ... But not only that, whats been inhaled can cause aspiration pneumonia. Aspiration pneumonia is lung and bronchial inflammation ... It may take a couple of days for aspiration pneumonia symptoms to kick off. Yet, once they do, they can get worse very quickly. ... The sooner you get this pneumonia treated, the better your outcome.. Treatment varies and may require antibiotics, help with ...
In particular, cases without a smoking gun, such as pneumonia without a positive chest x-ray, can be particularly challenging ... address both the clinical aspects and the guidelines for pneumonia coding to help coders correctly report pneumonia during the ... Its not always easy, considering the changing face of pneumonia testing and treatment and the number of documentation ... the heat is on coders to properly report the high number of pneumonia cases they tend to see during the winter months. ...
A 65-Year-Old Man With Shortness of Breath, Pleuritic Chest Pain, and Recurrent Pneumonia. The Journal of the American ... A 65-Year-Old Man With Shortness of Breath, Pleuritic Chest Pain, and Recurrent Pneumonia. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2010;110(12): ... The tumor is often associated with other phenomena, such as postobstructive pneumonia, atelectasis, and adenopathy. Chest CT ... A 65-Year-Old Man With Shortness of Breath, Pleuritic Chest Pain, and Recurrent Pneumonia ...
Impact of chest imaging quality on the diagnosis of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern: a hub and spoke study. Giacomo ... Impact of chest imaging quality on the diagnosis of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern: a hub and spoke study ... Impact of chest imaging quality on the diagnosis of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern: a hub and spoke study ... Impact of chest imaging quality on the diagnosis of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern: a hub and spoke study ...
Diagnosing pneumonia in patients with acute cough: clinical judgment compared to chest radiography ... Diagnosing pneumonia in patients with acute cough: clinical judgment compared to chest radiography ... Diagnosing pneumonia in patients with acute cough: clinical judgment compared to chest radiography ... GPs diagnosed pneumonia in 31 (1%) patients on clinical grounds who turned out not to have radiographic pneumonia (n=2670). In ...
  • Abiyev RH, Ma'aitah MKS (2018) Deep convolutional neural networks for chest diseases detection. (springer.com)
  • Bar Y, Diamant I, Wolf L, Lieberman S, Konen E, Greenspan H (2018) Chest pathology identification using deep feature selection with non-medical training. (springer.com)
  • In Nigeria, a one-arm safety study was completed in 2018 to determine whether community health workers enrolled in an integrated community case management (iCCM) programme can safely and appropriately treat chest indrawing pneumonia in children. (malariaconsortium.org)
  • Selection criteria were to include studies of children that compared the effect of chest-physiotherapy in pneumonia with any other type of treatment, published up until 22 February 2018. (cochrane.org)
  • We describe a target sign on chest CT characterized by a combination of peripheral ring-like opacity and a central nodular ground-glass opacity surrounding a vessel in a couple with COVID-19 pneumonia confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase fluorescence polymerase chain reaction sputum analysis. (scielo.br)
  • We developed an end-to-end automatic differentiation method based on CT images to identify COVID-19 pneumonia patients in real time. (springer.com)
  • The virus nucleic acid real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test is the current standard diagnostic method for diagnosing COVID-19 pneumonia [ 5 ], although it has limitations such as its low production, severe conditions for proper implementation and the number of false negatives [ 6 ]. (springer.com)
  • Due to the rapid spread of COVID-19 pneumonia, RT-PCR tests may not be available for all suspected cases. (springer.com)
  • Accurately diagnosing COVID-19 pneumonia in patients with clinical symptoms and CT signs through an easy-to-implement method would be useful, in order to adopt targeted and effective isolation. (springer.com)
  • Rapid and severe Covid-19 pneumonia with severe acute chest syndrome in a sickle cell patient successfully treated with tocilizumab. (cdc.gov)
  • Radiological approaches to COVID-19 pneumonia. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this open access study was to explore the value of CT in the diagnosis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia, especially for patients who have negative initial results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. (arrs.org)
  • Bronchial obstruction, whether it is extrinsic or intrinsic, should be considered as a cause for recurrent pneumonia. (jaoa.org)
  • This study provides an efficient recognition method for coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia, using an end-to-end design to implement targeted and effective isolation for the containment of this communicable disease. (springer.com)
  • Vaso-occlusive crisis and acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease due to 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). (cdc.gov)
  • Pain in the right side of the chest can result from direct injury or inflammation of certain structures, or by referred pain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Costochondritis is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects the ribs to the main breastbone in the front of the chest. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Typically, pancreatitis causes abdominal pain , according to Medicine Net, but pain from pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas, a long flat gland behind the stomach), can radiate into the chest, causing the sufferer to think that the problem is heart-related. (rd.com)
  • Allergic asthma, caused by mold spores, is a common cause of chest inflammation. (livestrong.com)
  • Inflammation in the chest cavity is typically treatable, but in rare cases chest inflammation can be life-threatening for older people and for very young children, according to MayoClinic.com. (livestrong.com)
  • Not all allergies can chest inflammation, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. (livestrong.com)
  • People who suffer from allergic asthma are more prone to develop inflammation in the chest cavity. (livestrong.com)
  • Unfortunately, the quality guidelines and parameters out there haven't caught up with the fact that there are a number of conditions out there that can be treated based on signs and symptoms even if diagnostic tests are negative, and pneumonia is one of them. (hcpro.com)
  • Finally, to maximize the detection of atypical pathogens and ensure their timely treatment in all study arms, future trials should use the most comprehensive point-of-care diagnostic testing for pneumonia pathogens. (mdedge.com)
  • This difficulty in diagnosis had lead Dr. Americo Testa and his team from Italy to explore the effectiveness of Chest Ultrasound as a diagnostic tool. (medindia.net)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the improvements in chest CT image quality and diagnostic performance with MBIR over FBP and ASIR in children with necrotizing pneumonia (NP) in simulated extremely low signal (radiation dose) CT scans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite comprehensive diagnostic work-up, the aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains undetermined in 30-60% of cases. (ersjournals.com)
  • Finally, comorbid conditions may represent important diagnostic confounders, either associated with distinct pathogens or as mimics of pneumonia. (ersjournals.com)
  • Chest pain accounts for approximately 5 million emergency department visits annually, and can be a difficult diagnostic challenge. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Once this quick evaluation for emergent causes of chest pain has been completed, a more detailed history and physical should be obtained along with pertinent lab data and diagnostic testing. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The purpose of this article is to systematically review and meta-analyze the diagnostic accuracy of chest CT in detecting coronavirus disease (COVID-19). (arrs.org)
  • COVID-19 National Pakistan Guidelines: Radiological Society of Pakistan (RSP) Recommendations Regarding Utilisation of Chest Imaging. (cdc.gov)
  • The diagnosis of fungal pneumonias is difficult to prove and is often made on a presumptive basis. (medscape.com)
  • Therapy for fungal pneumonias must include antifungal agents. (medscape.com)
  • Workers or farmers with heavy exposure to bird, bat, or rodent droppings or other animal excreta in endemic areas are predisposed to any of the endemic fungal pneumonias, such as histoplasmosis , in which the environmental exposure to avian or bat feces encourages the growth of the organism. (medscape.com)