The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the ear or of hearing disorders or demonstration of hearing acuity or loss.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the respiratory system.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
PHENOTHIAZINES with an amino group at the 3-position that are green crystals or powder. They are used as biological stains.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
A species of migratory Old World locusts, in the family ACRIDIDAE, that are important pests in Africa and Asia.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
Hemeproteins whose characteristic mode of action involves transfer of reducing equivalents which are associated with a reversible change in oxidation state of the prosthetic group. Formally, this redox change involves a single-electron, reversible equilibrium between the Fe(II) and Fe(III) states of the central iron atom (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539). The various cytochrome subclasses are organized by the type of HEME and by the wavelength range of their reduced alpha-absorption bands.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
X-ray screening of large groups of persons for diseases of the lung and heart by means of radiography of the chest.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A complication of multiple rib fractures, rib and sternum fractures, or thoracic surgery. A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
Hospitals controlled by the county government.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.
The act of BREATHING in.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
The extra volume of air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the level reached at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. Common abbreviation is ERV.
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
RESPIRATORY MUSCLE contraction during INHALATION. The work is accomplished in three phases: LUNG COMPLIANCE work, that required to expand the LUNGS against its elastic forces; tissue resistance work, that required to overcome the viscosity of the lung and chest wall structures; and AIRWAY RESISTANCE work, that required to overcome airway resistance during the movement of air into the lungs. Work of breathing does not refer to expiration, which is entirely a passive process caused by elastic recoil of the lung and chest cage. (Guyton, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 8th ed, p406)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The act of BREATHING out.
The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
Cytochromes (electron-transporting proteins) in which the heme prosthetic group is heme a, i.e., the iron chelate of cytoporphyrin IX. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539)
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.
A highly poisonous compound that is an inhibitor of many metabolic processes, but has been shown to be an especially potent inhibitor of heme enzymes and hemeproteins. It is used in many industrial processes.
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.
Used in the form of the hydrochloride as a reagent in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The 8-hydroxy derivatives inhibit various enzymes and their halogenated derivatives, though neurotoxic, are used as topical anti-infective agents, among other uses.
A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.
Inorganic salts of HYDROGEN CYANIDE containing the -CN radical. The concept also includes isocyanides. It is distinguished from NITRILES, which denotes organic compounds containing the -CN radical.
Difficult or labored breathing.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Disorders affecting the organs of the thorax.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A respiratory support system used to remove mucus and clear airway by oscillating pressure on the chest.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Rhythmic compression of the heart by pressure applied manually over the sternum (closed heart massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open heart massage). It is done to reinstate and maintain circulation. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
Diagnostic techniques used include CT scanning, ultrasound, and X-ray. X-ray can help determine the path of a penetrating ... air in the pleural cavity outside the lungs that has escaped from the respiratory system) or pneumomediastinum (air in the ... Injury to the lower chest may cause splenic or liver injuries. Signs and symptoms are not seen in early days and after some ... Diagnostic laparoscopy or exploratory laparotomy may also be performed if other diagnostic methods do not yield conclusive ...
More invasive diagnostic techniques are then necessary, posing a greater potential for complications such as pneumothorax. ... of cases using the Medtronic superDimension system. According to the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ... doi:10.1378/chest.123.5.1693. ISSN 0012-3692. PMID 12740291. S2CID 39643448. Gildea, T; Mazzone, P; Karnak, D; Meziane, M; ... D. Makris (2007). "Electromagnetic navigation diagnostic bronchoscopy for small peripheral lung lesions". European Respiratory ...
... respiration as do amphibians and have a more efficient respiratory system drawing air into their lungs by expanding their chest ... Equally important advances have occurred in non-invasive techniques for examining the interior structures of the body. X-rays ... especially surgeons and doctors working in some diagnostic specialties, such as histopathology and radiology. [43] ... such as the nervous or respiratory systems.[3] The major anatomy textbook, Gray's Anatomy, has been reorganized from a systems ...
doi:10.1378/chest.106.3.954. PMID 8082388. Sabiston D, Spencer F. Surgery of the Chest (6th ed.). pp. 853-862. Emedicine on ... It usually drains via the systemic venous system to the right atrium, vena cava, or azygous systems. Congenital anomalies occur ... CT technique for optimal depiction of lesions by using state-of-the-art volumetric scanning requires a fast intravenous (IV) ... ELS usually presents in infancy with respiratory compromise. Develops as an accessory lung contained within its own pleura. ELS ...
... and complicated chest infections. American Association for Respiratory Care American College of Chest Physicians American Lung ... When the specialty did begin to evolve, several discoveries were being made linking the respiratory system and the measurement ... They use radiographic techniques to view vasculature of the lungs and heart to assist with diagnosis. Medication is the most ... "Interventional Pulmonology Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures". www.pamf.org. Retrieved 2019-01-25. Luis M. Seijo & Daniel H ...
Respiratory effort is also measured in concert with nasal/oral airflow by the use of belts. These belts expand and contract ... They can either be placed under the collarbone on each side of the chest or one under the collarbone and the other six inches ... Polysomnography (PSG), a type of sleep study, is a multi-parametric test used in the study of sleep and as a diagnostic tool in ... Video-EEG polysomnography is a technique combining polysomnography and video-recording, which has been described to be even ...
... (PFT) is a complete evaluation of the respiratory system including patient history, physical ... The nitrogen washout technique uses a non-rebreathing open circuit. The technique is based on the assumptions that the nitrogen ... Pulmonary function testing is a diagnostic and management tool used for a variety of reasons, such as: Chronic shortness of ... Pulmonary terms and symbols: a report of the ACCP-ATS Joint Committee on Pulmonary Nomenclature, Chest 67:583, 1975 Finder JD, ...
According to a paper by Konno and Mead "the chest can be looked upon as a system of two compartments with only one degree of ... Hammer J, MD, Newth C.J.L, MB, FRCP, and Deakers T.W, MD, PhD (1995), Validation of the Phase Angle Technique as an Objective ... Apnea & hypopnea detection - Diagnostic components of sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome and periodic breathing. Apnea & hypopnea ... Therefore, to accurately perform volumetric respiratory measurements, a dual band respiratory sensor system must be required. ...
Treatment with various chest physiotherapy techniques has been observed to reduce the incidence of lung infection and to slow ... Recent Advances in Diagnostics, Genetics, and Characterization of Clinical Disease". American Journal of Respiratory and ... Progressive damage to the respiratory system is common, including progressive bronchiectasis beginning in early childhood, and ... Several diagnostic tests for this condition have been proposed. These include nasal nitric oxide levels as a screening test, ...
Medical diagnostics. The Mantoux skin test consists of an intradermal injection of one-tenth of a milliliter (ml) of PPD ... Upper respiratory virus infection. In case a second tuberculin test is necessary it should be carried out in the other arm to ... This intradermal injection is termed the Mantoux technique. A person who has been exposed to the bacteria is expected to mount ... A false negative result may occur in a person who has been recently infected with TB, but whose immune system hasn't yet ...
Most commonly, the generator is placed below the subcutaneous fat of the chest wall, above the muscles and bones of the chest. ... Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and minimaze. Catheter ablation Cryoablation. Radiofrequency ablation. Pacemaker ... could compensate for both actual respiratory loading and potentially anticipated respiratory loading. The first dynamic ... The lead removal technique will vary depending on the surgeon's estimation of the probability that simple traction will suffice ...
... fluorescent antibody technique, direct MeSH E01.450.495.225.230 - fluorescent antibody technique, indirect MeSH E01.450.495.225 ... mass chest x-ray MeSH E01.370.350.700.810 - tomography, x-ray MeSH E01.370.350.700.810.810 - tomography, x-ray computed MeSH ... respiratory function tests MeSH E01.370.386.700.050 - airway resistance MeSH E01.370.386.700.100 - blood gas analysis MeSH ... diagnostic MeSH E01.370.388.605 - pneumoperitoneum, artificial MeSH E01.370.390.050 - antibody-coated bacteria test, urinary ...
Danger of delayed respiratory depression". Chest. 88 (5): 779-80. doi:10.1378/chest.88.5.779. PMID 4053723. S2CID 1836168. ... The different delivery systems used by different makers will also affect individual rates of absorption. Under normal ... Smith HS, Colson J, Sehgal N (April 2013). "An update of evaluation of intravenous sedation on diagnostic spinal injection ... Stanley TH, Petty WC (1983-03-31). New Anesthetic Agents, Devices, and Monitoring Techniques. Springer. ISBN 978-90-247-2796-4 ...
Respiratory careEdit. The respiratory system is the most common system to be affected and the complications are the leading ... doi:10.1378/chest.117.4.1100. PMID 10767247.. *^ Bach, J. R.; Saltstein, K.; Sinquee, D.; Weaver, B.; Komaroff, E. (2007). " ... The more common clinical manifestations of the SMA spectrum that prompt diagnostic genetic testing:. *Progressive bilateral ... and MLPA is one of more frequently used genetic testing techniques, as it also allows establishing the number of SMN2 gene ...
In recent years, molecular diagnostic techniques based on the genetic component of the pathogen have become more popular. ... The skeletal system is affected in 20-60% of cases, including: arthritis (hip, knee, and ankle), spondylitis, osteomyelitis, ... Pulmonary infection can be from inhalation or hematogenous sources, and can cause any chest syndrome. Rarely is Brucella ... respiratory difficulty, and general signs of sepsis (fever, vomiting). Some cases are asymptomatic. Brucella species are small ...
Most commonly, the generator is placed below the subcutaneous fat of the chest wall, above the muscles and bones of the chest. ... could compensate for both actual respiratory loading and potentially anticipated respiratory loading. The first dynamic ... The lead removal technique will vary depending on the surgeon's estimation of the probability that simple traction will suffice ... The outer casing of pacemakers is so designed that it will rarely be rejected by the body's immune system. It is usually made ...
... or chest medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology. Schematic view of the human respiratory system with their parts and ... "Interventional Pulmonology Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures". www.pamf.org. Retrieved 2019-01-25.. ... They use radiographic techniques to view vasculature of the lungs and heart to assist with diagnosis. ... "Respiratory medicine" redirects here. For the journal, see Respiratory Medicine.. Pulmonology (/ˌpʌlməˈnɒlədʒi/, /ˌpʊlməˈnɒlədʒ ...
Decreased respiratory effort: Central nervous system impairment leads to decreased respiratory effort. The respiratory center ... therefore not currently in respiratory arrest). If the patient is unresponsive, look for chest rise, which is an indicator of ... presence of a foreign body that is obstructing airways and commonly used as a diagnostic tool and treatment for respiratory ... Insertion technique includes visualizing the epiglottis, the posterior laryngeal structure, and not passing the tube unless ...
American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society". Annals of Internal Medicine ... Many health systems have difficulty ensuring appropriate identification, diagnosis and care of people with COPD; Britain's ... Effective dust control can be achieved by improving ventilation, using water sprays and by using mining techniques that ... Wright, Joanne L.; Churg, Andrew (2008). "Pathologic Features of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnostic Criteria and ...
"Air leak pattern shown by digital chest drainage system predict prolonged air leakage after pulmonary resection for patients ... If severe symptoms persist, more invasive techniques may be required. In spite of the lack of knowledge of the cause of the ... Pleural effusions are classified as exudative (high protein) or transudative (low protein). In spite of all the diagnostic ... Zocchi, L. (December 2002). "Physiology and pathophysiology of pleural fluid turnover". European Respiratory Journal. 20 (6): ...
The respiratory system is the most common system to be affected and the complications are the leading cause of death in SMA ... Chest. 117 (4): 1100-5. doi:10.1378/chest.117.4.1100. PMID 10767247. Bach JR, Saltstein K, Sinquee D, Weaver B, Komaroff E (May ... The more common clinical manifestations of the SMA spectrum that prompt diagnostic genetic testing: Progressive bilateral ... and MLPA is one of more frequently used genetic testing techniques, as it also allows establishing the number of SMN2 gene ...
... is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. An ... If the patient has had a transbronchial biopsy, doctors may take a chest x-ray to rule out any air leakage in the lungs ( ... It contains a fiberoptic system that transmits an image from the tip of the instrument to an eyepiece or video camera at the ... The patient will be hospitalized if there occurs any bleeding, air leakage (pneumothorax), or respiratory distress. Besides the ...
If the patient has stable vital signs, they may undergo diagnostic imaging such as a CT scan. If the patient has unstable vital ... Blood loss can be estimated based on heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and mental status. Advanced trauma life ... Lee, Edward W.; Laberge, Jeanne M. (2004). "Differential Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Bleeding". Techniques in Vascular and ... a patient's circulatory system is assessed through palpation of pulses and doppler ultrasonography. It is important to examine ...
T. cruzi antigens may also be detected in tissue samples using immunohistochemistry techniques. Various rapid diagnostic tests ... In the colon and esophagus, loss of nervous system control is the major driver of organ dysfunction. Loss of nerves impairs the ... In many cases the first sign of Chagas heart disease is heart failure, thromboembolism, or chest pain associated with ... respiratory distress, and heart problems. People infected through organ transplant or blood transfusion tend to have symptoms ...
The main impact is on the respiratory and the circulatory system. Respiratory failure not responding to normal oxygen therapy ... Laterolateral chest radiographs can increase the diagnostic accuracy of lung consolidation and pleural effusion. A CT scan can ... among other techniques. Mycoplasma, Legionella, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia can also be detected using PCR techniques on ... The respiratory rate may be faster than normal, and this may occur a day or two before other signs. Examination of the chest ...
Disease of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular surgery Surgery The operation of heart and major blood vessels of the chest ... Application of diagnostic techniques in medical laboratories such as assays, microscope analysis. ... The lungs and respiratory system. Pulmonology is generally considered a branch of internal medicine, although it is closely ... While the diagnostic process is of great importance in all specialties, some specialists perform mainly or only diagnostic ...
Aspergillus spores are small (2-3 μm in diameter) and can penetrate deep into the respiratory system to the alveolar level. In ... Chest. 119 (3): 762-767. doi:10.1378/chest.119.3.762. PMID 11243954. S2CID 25448045. Gago, Sara; Overton, Nicola L. D.; Ben- ... Where present it is a strong diagnostic factor of ABPA and distinguishes symptoms from other causes of bronchiectasis. CT scans ... The most commonly described technique, known as sparing, involves using an antifungal agent to clear spores from airways ...
... s work with Pulmonologists in both clinical and general research of the respiratory system, ranging from ... As part of their duties, some of the Respiratory Therapists are also routinely assigned to staff the diagnostic polysomnography ... chest physiotherapy, artery blood gas analysis, pulmonary rehabilitation, and lung expansion therapy, etc. Some respiratory ... is a modified cardiopulmonary bypass technique used for the treatment of life-threatening cardiac or respiratory failure. An ...
... which is used to simulate cardiac and respiratory motions with more realistic modeling of the cardiac system. A polygonal mesh ... The proposed technique used to create the race-specific statistical phantom maintains anatomic realism and provides the ... The 4D VIP-Man Chest phantom was used to study external-beam treatment planning for a lung cancer patient. In 2007, Xu's ... Gibbs, S. and Pujol, J. (1982). "A Monte Carlo method for patient dosimetry from diagnostic x-ray." Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 11 ...
May 1985). "Measurement of static compliance of the total respiratory system in patients with acute respiratory failure during ... Page 352 in: Irwin, Richard (2008). Procedures, techniques, and minimally invasive monitoring in intensive care medicine. ... Chest medicine: essentials of pulmonary and critical care medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-7817-5273- ... limiting spirometry's usefulness as a diagnostic. It is more useful as a monitoring tool: a sudden decrease in FEV1 or other ...
Clinical laboratory sciences are the clinical diagnostic services that apply laboratory techniques to diagnosis and management ... Review of systems (ROS) or systems inquiry: a set of additional questions to ask, which may be missed on HPI: a general enquiry ... respiratory therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, radiographers, dietitians, and bioengineers, surgeons, ... Pulmonology/Pneumology/Respirology/chest medicine. *Rheumatology. *Sports Medicine. Training in internal medicine (as opposed ...
... peripheral nervous system, and central nervous system.[61][84] Many of the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are a consequence ... "Revue Scientifique et Technique. 23 (2): 569-81. doi:10.20506/rst.23.2.1503. PMID 15702720.. ... Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms, tick exposure, blood tests[3]. Prevention. Prevention of tick bites (clothing the limbs, ... Kirsch M, Ruben FL, Steere AC, Duray PH, Norden CW, Winkelstein A (May 1988). "Fatal adult respiratory distress syndrome in a ...
In those with acute respiratory failure on mechanical ventilation, "the static compliance of the total respiratory system is ... Chest wall, pleura,. mediastinum,. and diaphragm. pleura/pleural cavity. Thoracentesis. Pleurodesis. Thoracoscopy. Thoracotomy ... Medical diagnostics. Flow-Volume loop showing successful FVC maneuver. Positive values represent expiration, negative values ... Irwin, Richard (2008). Procedures, techniques, and minimally invasive monitoring in intensive care medicine. Philadelphia: ...
American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society". Annals of Internal Medicine ... Diagnostic method. Lung function tests[4]. Differential diagnosis. Asthma,[3] Asbestosis, Bronchiectasis, Tracheobronchomalacia ... "COPD diagnosis related to different guidelines and spirometry techniques". Respiratory Research. 8 (1): 89. doi:10.1186/1465- ... Many health systems have difficulty ensuring appropriate identification, diagnosis and care of people with COPD; Britain's ...
This system is more expensive, and is sometimes used with patients who have other coexisting respiratory problems and/or who ... The chest muscles and diaphragm contract and the entire body may thrash and struggle.[citation needed] ... Grigg-Damberger M (February 2006). "Why a polysomnogram should become part of the diagnostic evaluation of stroke and transient ... "Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: recommendations for syndrome definition and measurement techniques in clinical ...
Most commonly, the generator is placed below the subcutaneous fat of the chest wall, above the muscles and bones of the chest. ... could compensate for both actual respiratory loading and potentially anticipated respiratory loading. The first dynamic ... The outer casing of pacemakers is so designed that it will rarely be rejected by the body's immune system. It is usually made ... The lead removal technique will vary depending on the surgeon's estimation of the probability that simple traction will suffice ...
Szebeni Janos (2007-05-08)։ The Complement System: Novel Roles in Health and Disease (անգլերեն)։ Springer Science & Business ... 129 (3): 610-8. doi:10.1378/chest.129.3.610. PMID 16537858. *↑ Thavagnanam S, Fleming J, Bromley A, Shields MD, Cardwell CR ( ... Portnoy JM (2006)։ «Evidence-based Allergy Diagnostic Tests»։ Current Allergy and Asthma Reports 6 (6): 455-461։ doi:10.1007/ ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 176 (8): 735-41. doi:10.1164/rccm.200612-1793OC. PMC 2020829. PMID ...
Diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals (V09). Central nervous system. *99mTc (Exametazime). *123I (Ioflupane ... Iodine-131 can be "seen" by nuclear medicine imaging techniques (i.e., gamma cameras) whenever it is given for therapeutic use ... reducing uptake and retention in the face and chest and lowering the relative proportion of radioactive iodine. However, such ... It can also be detected by gamma cameras for diagnostic imaging, however it is rarely administered for diagnostic purposes only ...
Medical organizations have created diagnostic criteria to ease and standardize the diagnostic process, especially in the early ... is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.[1] The symptoms ... Other effective techniques to promote relaxation include slow rotational movements of the extremities and trunk, rhythmic ... deep diaphragmatic breathing exercises are beneficial in improving chest wall mobility and vital capacity.[96] Exercise may ...
LCLC's have typically comprised around 10% of all NSCLC in the past, although newer diagnostic techniques seem to be reducing ... "Chest. 132 (3 Suppl): 324S-339S. doi:10.1378/chest.07-1385. PMID 17873178. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013.. ... Tumours and neoplasia in the respiratory tract (C30-C34/D14, 160-163/212.0-212.4) ... a promising prognostic system". Clin. Cancer Res. 11 (12): 4400-5. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-04-2378. PMID 15958624.. ...
Rechtschaffen, A. & Kales, A. (Eds.) (1968). A manual of standardized terminology, techniques, and scoring system for sleep ... Polysomnography (PSG), a type of sleep study,[1] is a multi-parametric test used in the study of sleep and as a diagnostic tool ... Respiratory effort is also measured in concert with nasal/oral airflow by the use of belts. These belts expand and contract ... They can either be placed under the collarbone on each side of the chest or one under the collarbone and the other six inches ...
"The diagnostic and prognostic value of systems biology research in major traumatic and thermal injury: A review". Burns & ... "Chest. 101 (6): 1644-55. doi:10.1378/chest.101.6.1644. PMID 1303622. Septicemia... has been used... in a variety of ways... We ... Respiratory dysfunction (in the absence of a cyanotic heart defect or a known chronic respiratory disease) *the ratio of the ... Meanwhile, the blood purification technique (such as hemoperfusion, plasma filtration, and coupled plasma filtration adsorption ...
... respiratory medicine or lung medicine) is concerned with diséases of the lungs and the respiratory system. ... Clinical laboratory sciences are the clinical diagnostic services which apply laboratory techniques to diagnosis and management ... Cardiovascular surgery is the surgical specialty that is concerned with the heart and major blood vessels of the chest. ... Intensive care medicine employs invasive diagnostic techniques and (temporary) replacement of organ functions by technical ...
... not only through its effect on body weight but also through negative effects on the immune system and endocrine system.[43] ... "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 177 (9): 941-46. doi:10.1164/rccm.200801-107UP. PMC 2720127. PMID ... Unlike diagnostic efforts prompted by symptoms and medical signs, cancer screening involves efforts to detect cancer after it ... Some cancers can cause a buildup of fluid within the chest or abdomen.[28] ...
Renin-angiotensin system (RAS): This system is generally known for its long-term adjustment of arterial pressure. This system ... Blood pressure is one of the vital signs, along with respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. ... There is no accepted diagnostic standard for hypotension, although pressures less than 90/60 are commonly regarded as ... 500 ml of blood to be relocated from the chest and upper body. This results in a rapid decrease in central blood volume and a ...
Aysha, MH; Abdou, TJ; Lulu, AD (1984). "Mantoux and Tine tuberculin tests compared in Kuwait". European journal of respiratory ... PPD-S concentration is not standardized for multiple-puncture techniques, and should be designed for the specific multiple- ... puncture system. [5] Comparison to Mantoux test[edit]. The American Thoracic Society or Centers for Disease Control and ... Medical diagnostics. Tine test. Purpose. diagnosis for tuberculosis. The tine test is a multiple-puncture tuberculin skin test ...
In those with acute respiratory failure on mechanical ventilation, "the static compliance of the total respiratory system is ... Medical diagnostics. Flow-Volume loop showing successful FVC maneuver. Positive values represent expiration, negative values ... George, Ronald B. (2005). Chest medicine: essentials of pulmonary and critical care medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p ... Irwin, Richard (2008). Procedures, techniques, and minimally invasive monitoring in intensive care medicine. Philadelphia: ...
Chest. 91 (4): 608-613. doi:10.1378/chest.91.4.608. Retrieved 16 January 2017.. [permanent dead link] ... "European Respiratory Review. pp. 214-220. doi:10.1183/16000617.0006-2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016.. CS1 maint: Uses editors ... There are a variety of techniques depending on the affected area and whether the pressure inequality is a squeeze or an ... United States: US Naval Sea Systems Command. 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-26.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}. ...
"The Discovery of Thymic Protein A - How It Works to Strengthen the Immune System". 2. aprill 2013. Vaadatud 28.12.2014. Inglise ... Shaun Deen, Alexander S. Farivar, ja Brian E. Louie, Thoracic Techniques: Robotic Thymectomy for Thymoma, Indian J Surg Oncol. ... Hingamispuudulikkus: Bouziri Asma, Khaldi Ammar, Menif Khaled, Guandoura Najoua and Ben Jaballah Nejla, Acute respiratory ... Pilar García-Peña, R. Paul Guillerman, Pediatric Chest Imaging, 3. trükk, Springer Verlag, 2014 ...
"Chest. American College of Chest Physicians. 132 (S3): 29S-55S. doi:10.1378/chest.07-1347. PMC 1021244 . PMID 17873159.. ... "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 182 (9): 1195-1205. doi:10.1164/rccm.2009-038ST. PMID 21041563.. ... Ipilimumab blocks signaling through a receptor on T cells known as CTLA-4 which dampens down the immune system. It has been ... This form of high-intensity radiotherapy is called radical radiotherapy.[103] A refinement of this technique is continuous ...
... greatly facilitated the diagnosis of pneumonia and other respiratory diseases".[8] The techniques, which had been first ... Symptoms and signs relating to the cardiovascular system (R00-R03, 785). Chest pain. *Referred pain ... Diagnostic signs (from diagnōstikós, διαγνωστικός, "able to distinguish"): signs that lead to the recognition and ... a b Jewson, N. D., "Medical Knowledge and the Patronage System in 18th Century England", Sociology, Vol.8, No.3, (1974), pp. ...
Koumbourlis AC (June 2006). "Scoliosis and the respiratory system". Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 7 (2): 152-60. doi:10.1016/ ... This technique used multiple hooks with rods to give stronger fixation in three dimensions, usually eliminating the need for ... Evidence basisfor management of spine and chest wall deformities in children.Spine(Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32(suppl):S81-S90 ... Diagnostic method. X-ray[2]. Treatment. Watchful waiting, bracing, exercises, surgery[2][4]. ...
More invasive diagnostic techniques are then necessary, posing a greater potential for complications such as pneumothorax.[11] ... doi:10.1378/chest.123.5.1693. ISSN 0012-3692.. *^ Gildea, T; Mazzone, P; Karnak, D; Meziane, M; Mehta, A (2006). " ... "Electromagnetic Navigation Diagnostic Bronchoscopy: A Prospective Study". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... process the Medtronic superDimension/Bronchus system, also known as the inReach system (superDimension, Ltd, Israel), a ...
CO2 is used because it is common to the human body and can be absorbed by tissue and removed by the respiratory system. It is ... it can be safely concluded that diagnostic laparoscopy is a safe, quick, and effective adjunct to non‑surgical diagnostic ... Laparoscopic techniques have also been developed in the field of veterinary medicine. Due to the relative high cost of the ... whereas keyhole surgery performed on the thoracic or chest cavity is called thoracoscopic surgery. Specific surgical ...
By system. Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... "Guidelines for Diagnostic Imaging During Pregnancy and Lactation". American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ... chest pain, muscle weakness, preterm labor, decreased fetal movement, amniotic fluid leakage, and calf pain or swelling (to ... and are the imaging techniques of choice for pregnant women.[139] Projectional radiography, X-ray computed tomography and ...
96 (4): 752-6. doi:10.1378/chest.96.4.752. PMID 2791669.. *^ Taylor, D (1996). "The Valsalva Manoeuvre: A critical review". ... 2010). Diagnostic Imaging of Exotic Pets: Birds, Small Mammals, Reptiles. Germany: Manson Publishing. ISBN 978-3-89993-049-8.. ... Their measurement requires special techniques.[12] The rates at which air is breathed in or out, either through the mouth or ... The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs ...
Dental-specific techniques include: Vazirani-Alkinosi Technique[edit]. The Vazirani-alkinosi technique is also known as the ... Diagnostic Tests[edit]. Diagnostic tests such as bone marrow aspiration, lumbar puncture (spinal tap) and aspiration of cysts ... Injection system. J Am Dent Assoc. 1981. *^ Galili D, Kaufman E, Garfunkel AD, et al. Intraligamental anesthesia - a ... The patient may feel a tingling sensation in hands and feet or a sense of light-headedness and increased chest pressure. ...
Respiratory manifestations of malaria. Chest. 2012, 142 (2): 492-505. PMID 22871759. doi:10.1378/chest.11-2655.. ... Sterile insect technique)則是釋放大量去勢的雄蚊,使之與雌蚊交配,以減少子代數量。重複操作可以達到滅絕特定族群的目的[105]。另一種作法則是釋放基因改造的蚊子,使其無法感染瘧疾,達到生物控制的效果[210]。 ... Malaria rapid diagnostic tests. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2012, 54 (11): 1637-41. PMID 22550113. doi
Techniques used for detecting early stages of pneumoconioses and the pathogenesis of dust related lung diseases were discussed ... Diagnostic-techniques; Respiratory-system-disorders; Occupational-diseases; Mineral-dusts; Visual-images; Chest-X-rays; ... Standard posterior/anterior chest X-rays are regarded as the standard technique for detecting mineral dust pneumoconioses. It ... Techniques used for detecting early stages of pneumoconioses and the pathogenesis of dust related lung diseases were discussed ...
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Lung-function; Chest-X-rays; X-ray- ... diagnosis; X-ray-analysis; Diagnostic-tests; Diagnostic-techniques; Surveillance. Publication Date. 20090401 ...
Respiratory-system-disorders; Diagnostic-techniques; Diagnostic-tests; Chest-X-rays; Radiographic-analysis; Radiography; ... BACKGROUND: Digital radiography systems are replacing traditional film for chest radiographic monitoring in the recognition of ... National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Surveillance Branch, Mail Stop ...
Problem solving in chest imaging. Chest, Radiography, Thoracic, Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System, Respiratory Tract ... Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment, Case Reports, Diagnosis, Diagnostic Imaging, Diagnostic Techniques and ... Anesthesia, Respiration, Respiratory organs, Respiratory Physiological Phenomena, Respiratory System, e-böcker. Lumb, Andrew B ... Respiratory physiology. Respiratory organs, Respiratory Physiological Phenomena, Respiration, Examination Questions, Fulltext, ...
Respiratory function; Respiratory function tests; Diagnostic techniques; Diagnostic tests; Author Keywords: chrysotile; ... Respiratory system disorders; Lung disease; Lung disorders; Lung fibrosis; Lung function; ... Dusts; Chest X-rays; Asbestos; Milling industry; Minerals; Miners; Mining industry; Mineral processing; Mineral dusts; ... A total of 2002 active or retired workers with >10 yr of employment were examined by chest radiography. Their work histories ...
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-burden; Lung-fibrosis; Coal-dust; Silica-dusts; ... Analytical-instruments; Diagnostic-techniques; X-ray-analysis; X-ray-diagnosis; X-ray-equipment; Radiological-equipment; ... The cases studied consisted of 430 coal miners and 33 non-miner controls with ante-mortem chest x-rays and post-mortem whole ... The results of these studies show that mild to moderate grades of simple CWP are often not detected by chest radiographic means ...
Responses of the Respiratory System to Inhaled Agents. * Pathological Reactions to Inhaled Particles and Fibers ... Diagnostic Techniques. * Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease: The Role of Imaging Zelena A. Aziz, David M. Hansell ... 2.Clinic of Chest Imaging, Department of Radiology, Hôpital ErasmeUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium ... There is particular emphasis on the role of thin-section computed tomography since this technique facilitates the detection of ...
It is more difficult to visualize the lungs on an X-ray than bones, but the technique can still be helpful in the diagnostic ... detect abnormalities in the structure of the lung and differentiate IPF from other similar conditions of the respiratory system ... A chest X-ray is useful to ... Additionally, diagnostic imaging techniques are often needed to ... This technique involves the insertion of a thin tube with a miniature lens through the nasal passage and into the lungs, which ...
... providing a comprehensive evaluation of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. We use the latest, innovative techniques ... and state-of-the-art equipment for screening and diagnostic imaging.. Emory Cardiac Imaging Center. The Emory Cardiac Imaging ... Chest Imaging The Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging provides a full range of services involving the chest area, including the ... Chest X-rays and CT (computed tomography) scans are standard procedures in this division, ...
... as respiratory therapists and support staff in the hospital are specially trained to care for a variety of lung and respiratory ... Endoscopic Navigational Diagnostic Systems A minimally invasive procedure to evaluate lung diseases. Endobronchial Ultrasound ( ... Techniques to re-inflate air sacs in the lungs.. Lung Nodule Evaluation. A dedicated team of lung disease specialists reviews ... A procedure that involves a needle being placed into the space between the lungs and the chest wall, known as the pleural space ...
... and chest and abdominal movement detected by respiratory inductance plethysmography (NonInvasive Monitoring Systems, Inc, North ... Rechtschaffen A, Kales A. A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System of Sleep Stages of Human Subjects ... Bay Village, FL). Data were recorded on a Sandman sleep system (Sandman Sleep Diagnostics, Kanata, Ontario, Canada). ... Apneas and hypopneas were reported to be obstructive when the chest and abdomen moved and central when chest and abdominal ...
... respiratory support systems, endoscopy and invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques.. Training Required: Seven to eight ... The management of the airway and injuries of the chest is within the scope of the specialty. Thoracic and cardiac surgeons have ... Included is the surgical care of coronary artery disease, cancers of the lung, esophagus and chest wall, abnormalities of the ... Paul strives to carefully explain all diagnostic and therapeutic options available. In that way, his patient gets involved in ...
... respiratory support systems, endoscopy and invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques.. Training Required: Seven to eight ... The management of the airway and injuries of the chest is within the scope of the specialty. Thoracic and cardiac surgeons have ... Included is the surgical care of coronary artery disease, cancers of the lung, esophagus and chest wall, abnormalities of the ... operate upon safely and effectively manage patients with thoracic diseases of the chest. This requires substantial knowledge of ...
... or diagnostic techniques, cardiovascular/ or diagnostic techniques, respiratory system/ or diagnostic tests, routine/ or realy ... Ultrasounds diagnosis was compared to a combination of results of other diagnostic techniques including CT scan, supine chest ... "diagnostic techniques and procedures"/ or diagnostic imaging/ or radiography or radiography, thoracic/ or tomography, x-ray/ or ... The most clinically relevant diagnostic imaging method with which to compare ultrasound is the supine chest radiograph as they ...
Rechtschaffen A, Kales A. A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human ... All measures were digitised using a commercially available PSG system (MedCare Diagnostics, Buffalo, NY, USA). Tracheal sound ... The following parameters were measured: chest and abdominal wall movement by respiratory impedance or inductance ... Sleep and respiratory characteristics. Sleep architecture was assessed using standard techniques 28. Central, obstructive and ...
Diagnostic techniques used include CT scanning, ultrasound, and X-ray. X-ray can help determine the path of a penetrating ... air in the pleural cavity outside the lungs that has escaped from the respiratory system) or pneumomediastinum (air in the ... Injury to the lower chest may cause splenic or liver injuries. Signs and symptoms are not seen in early days and after some ... Diagnostic laparoscopy or exploratory laparotomy may also be performed if other diagnostic methods do not yield conclusive ...
Infections in the respiratory tract are very common but majority involve the upper respiratory system. Pneumonia is usually ... Tissue can be obtained by these techniques for culture or other molecular diagnostic techniques such as polymerase chain ... The diagnosis of various pulmonary infections is initially based on radiological evaluation depending upon chest X-ray, CT scan ... or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Cytological techniques used for detection of pulmonary infections include sputum ...
Chest radiograph on admission indicated consolidation over the right middle zone. In accordance with the diagnostic criteria ... Therefore, further refinement of the diagnostic techniques for SARS is essential, especially for diagnosis during early onset. ... especially when her immune system was weakened by the administration of a high-dose steroid. The presence of genetic material ... Peiris JSM, Lai ST, Poon LLM, Guan Y, Yam LYC, Lim W, Coronavirus as a possible cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome. ...
Respiratory: Evaluate and manage lung cancer. Apply diagnostic tools to determine resectability of thoracic tumors (exercise ... Endocrine System: Evaluate and manage endocrine conditions requiring thoracic or vascular exposure techniques (mediastinal ... Diagnose and manage pneumothorax with chest tubes. Carry out open and VATS approaches to pulmonary resection ... Circulatory System: Use and interpretation of invasive and non-invasive assessment tools such as peripheral Doppler evaluation ...
8]. CT chest is main diagnostic tool of the pathology and allow for proper surgical planning [8]. Early surgery is the ... The pathology of these disorders occurring from failure of primitive intestine and its differentiation into respiratory system ... Surgical technique. All patients operated through thoracotomy according to affected side. Under general anaesthesia patients ... Imaging of chest has great role in diagnosis. Routine chest ray give high suspicious and CT of chest imaging is confirmatory ...
Diseases of the respiratory system:. • Clinical Manifestations: disordered breathing, chest pain, acute and chronic cough, ... Survey methods: laboratory, diagnostic imaging, functional assessment, endoscopy, techniques to obtain biological material.. • ... Fever and the changes induced by fever on the various organs and systems.. Diseases of various organs and systems: ... Diagnostic laboratory and instrumental evaluation of bone diseases.. Endocrine diseases. • Semiotics physical and clinical ...
A chest radiograph (CXR) is usually the first diagnostic imaging study in patients with respiratory symptoms. A CXR is a non- ... Environmental factors may also play a role by involving the uptake and processing of unknown antigens by the respiratory system ... A CXR is also the most commonly used imaging technique for follow-up in patients with established diagnosis, and is ... Clinical Manifestations, Pathophysiology, Diagnostic Methods, Imaging and Intervention in Sarcoidosis. $95.00. Ali Nawaz Khan ( ...
Diseases of the respiratory system:. • Clinical Manifestations: disordered breathing, chest pain, acute and chronic cough, ... Survey methods: laboratory, diagnostic imaging, functional assessment, endoscopy, techniques to obtain biological material.. • ... Diagnostic laboratory and instrumental evaluation of bone diseases.. Endocrine diseases. • Semiotics physical and clinical ... Instrumental investigations: ECG, chest X-ray, ECG, ECG dynamic, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, CT, MRI, ...
The system has a set of appliances including a first applianc ... The present invention provides a system for treating a ... Combinations of techniques may be used. Measurement of respiratory rate, body movement, and/or oronasal air flow may be useful ... in a respiratory effort related arousal) at rates below the diagnostic threshold for OSA and UARS may also be said to have a ... Clin Chest Med. 2003;24:207-222.). CPAP is generally known as a treatment for OSDB. Thus, because it appears that at least one ...
Respiratory care professionals work under the direction of a physician and assist in the diagnosis, treatment and management of ... The Respiratory Therapy Department at Licking Memorial Hospital is staffed with respiratory care professionals licensed by the ... This technique allows doctors to view regions of the lungs and surrounding chest area that have traditionally required more ... from areas of the lungs that traditional bronchoscopy cannot and helps to eliminate the need for more risky diagnostic ...
Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System/trends , Female , Forecasting , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Male , Mass ... Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System / Forecasting / Lung Neoplasms Type of study: Screening_studies Language: English ... Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System / Forecasting / Lung Neoplasms Type of study: Screening_studies Language: English ... Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci ; 2002 Jul-Sep; 44(3): 177-81 ... Journal: Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci Year: 2002 Type: Article ...
Dis Chest 43 : 214-219 , 1963 ANTHONISEN NR , DANSON J , ROBERTSON PC , et al : Airway closure as a function of age . Respir ... and diagnostic and surgical procedures. ... Respiratory system. Netter Clinical Science Series. Netter ... The Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations: Respiratory system. Frank Henry Netter. Snippet view - 1979. ... The Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations: Respiratory system. Frank Henry Netter. Snippet view - 1959. ...
Area of Interest Lung, Respiratory system ; Imaging Technique CT Procedure Diagnostic procedure ; No Special Focus ; ... They share overlapping features and the diagnosis is based on pulmonary opacities on a chest radiograph or chest CT and ... doi: 10.1378/chest.117.1.117. (PMID: 10631208) [5] Kim YK, Lee KS, Chung MP et al. Pulmonary involvement in Churg-Strauss ... PA and lateral chest radiographs report subtle peripheral opacities with apical predominance. © Ospedale Villa Scassi, SC ...
tumors of the lung . Dis Chest 47 : 179-186 , 1965 63 PERLMAN LV , LERNER E , DESOPO N : Clinical classification and analysis ... and diagnostic and surgical procedures. ... Respiratory system. Netter Clinical Science Series. Netter ... The Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations: Respiratory system. Frank Henry Netter. Snippet view - 1979. ... The Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations: Respiratory system. Frank Henry Netter. Snippet view - 1959. ...
In a computer tomography system, a flexible calibration phantom is utilized simultaneously with analysis of a patient to ensure ... Comparative diagnostic performances of auscultation, chest radiography, and lung ultrasonography in acute respiratory distress ... Lumbar range of motion: reliability and validity of the inclinometer technique in the clinical measurement of trunk flexibility ... System and method of predicting future fractures US8600124B2 (en) 2004-09-16. 2013-12-03. Imatx, Inc.. System and method of ...
  • Techniques used for detecting early stages of pneumoconioses and the pathogenesis of dust related lung diseases were discussed. (cdc.gov)
  • It was noted, however, that chest X- rays have been noted to be normal in up to 10% of those with symptomatic interstitial lung disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinical and epidemiological studies have revealed that computed tomographic scans of the chest, pulmonary Ga67 scans, BAL, and lung pressure volume curves constructed from spirometric measurements can detect asbestotic or silicotic lesions that do not appear on chest X-rays. (cdc.gov)
  • The authors conclude that computed tomography of the chest, BAL, Ga67 lung scans, and lung pressure volume curves can detect early inflammatory lesions of mineral dust pneumoconiosis before they progress into fibrosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The relationships between chest radiographic appearances, corresponding pathologic abnormalities, and lung dust burden were investigated in an autopsied population of coal miners and non-miner controls from southern West Virginia to determine the detection limits of chest radiographic evaluations. (cdc.gov)
  • The cases studied consisted of 430 coal miners and 33 non-miner controls with ante-mortem chest x-rays and post-mortem whole lung evaluations. (cdc.gov)
  • A chest X-ray is useful to detect abnormalities in the structure of the lung and differentiate IPF from other similar conditions of the respiratory system. (news-medical.net)
  • Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a technique used to obtain a biopsy of the lung tissue, which may be required to eliminate other conditions in the diagnostic process. (news-medical.net)
  • A minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose lung problems such as cancer, infections or diseases that cause enlarged lymph nodes in the chest. (deaconess.com)
  • Included is the surgical care of coronary artery disease, cancers of the lung, esophagus and chest wall, abnormalities of the trachea, abnormalities of the great vessels and heart valves, congenital anomalies, tumors of the mediastinum and diseases of the diaphragm. (castleconnolly.com)
  • Using a virtual, three-dimensional (3D) bronchial map from a recently computed tomography (CT) chest scan and disposable catheter set, physicians are able to navigate to a desired location within the lung to biopsy lesions, stage lymph nodes, insert markers to guide radiotherapy or guide brachytherapy catheters. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Aetna Clinical Policy Bulletin on ENB, "In 2004, the FDA cleared for marketing through the 510(k) process the Medtronic superDimension/Bronchus system, also known as the inReach system (superDimension, Ltd, Israel), a minimally invasive image-guidance localization and navigation system that uses electromagnetic guidance for the management of peripheral lung lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system was designed to solve the clinical problem of reaching small suspected lesions in the peripheral lung airways and mediastinal lymph nodes and is being proposed as an alternative to open surgical biopsy of distant lung lesions and as an alternative to transthoracic implantation of radiosurgical markers. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are four publications that show that peripheral lung lesions can be diagnosed successfully in 69% to 86% of cases using the Medtronic superDimension system. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, a prospective…study was conducted to determine the ability of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy to sample peripheral lung lesions and mediastinal lymph nodes with standard bronchoscopic instruments and demonstrate safety the ENB. (wikipedia.org)
  • A new chapter on Physiological Basis for Oxygenation and Lung Protective Strategies explains the ways in which normal physiology is affected by disease processes, and how specific respiratory techniques can be of benefit. (elsevier.com)
  • Spirometry is the technique most commonly used to treat lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways. (indiatimes.com)
  • Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington and the University of Washington are working on a solution and have developed a new, personalized respiratory-motion system that uses mathematical modeling to capture images of a patient's lung when it is depressed -- offering a clearer, more precise image of the tumor to be destroyed. (eurekalert.org)
  • Chest X-rays are helpful in determining the severity of the disease and to evaluate the extent of lung involvement. (petmd.com)
  • The technique can also be used to collect deep lung tissue samples, which are then sent to a laboratory for detailed examination. (petmd.com)
  • Patients undergoing surgery for locally advanced lung cancer involving the chest wall require anatomical lung with extensive en-bloc chest wall resection and appropriate reconstruction.In this proo. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In the presence of a suspected lung cancer, it is necessary to go through an appropriate diagnostic process that provides a careful diagnosis of the lung cancer based on cytology and/or histology (typing) as well as a careful assessment of the disease's extent (staging). (ieo.it)
  • In patients with respiratory symptoms and agricultural occupational exposure, radiological, lung function and/or anatomical pathology findings must be compatible with FLD, bronchoalveolar lavage must show lymphocytosis, and tests must find sensitivity to the antigen. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • This will help avoid dangerous complications (pleurisy, lung abscess, acute respiratory failure, infectious-toxic shock and other). (qsota.com)
  • This postoperative anteroposterior (AP) chest x-ray revealed that the lower lobe of the left lung had undergone atelectasis, or collapse. (cdc.gov)
  • Cough, weight loss, chest pain, shortness of breath, blood in the sputum, superior vena cava syndrome, ulnar nerve and Horner's syndrome (Pancoast tumors) are common symptoms of lung cancer. (apollohospitals.com)
  • At present, screening for early detection of lung cancer is not recommended, probably because of the failure of early studies to demonstrate any mortality reduction from lung cancer evaluation based on sputum cytology and/or chest radiography. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Chest radiography remains the basic modality for the detection of lung cancer. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Thus, structural lung abnormalities and bronchiectasis are risk factors for respiratory colonization. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • But this method is required for surgeons to be with the relatively high operative technique, and it is easy to ignore the dissection of hidden parts of lymph nodes, easily leading to postoperative recurrence of lung cancer. (alliedacademies.org)
  • c) delivering the therapeutic compound through the chest wall into the lung alveolar tissue utilizing the therapeutic compound delivery system. (google.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the therapeutic compound is retinoic acid and wherein step (c) comprises delivering the retinoic acid into the lung alveolar tissue utilizing the therapeutic compound delivery system. (google.com)
  • 4. The method of claim 1 , wherein the therapeutic compound delivery system comprises a conduit and wherein step (b) comprises introducing the conduit through the chest wall through one of the one or more localized pleurodesis and into the lung alveolar tissue at the treatment site. (google.com)
  • Oscillometry, also known as the forced oscillation technique, has been increasingly employed in the routine assessment of lung function due to the low level of cooperation required from subjects. (ersjournals.com)
  • While the maximum expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) measurement remains the most widespread diagnostic tool in lung function testing, its use is limited to a cooperating age range [ 1 , 2 ], and it is not feasible as a lung function test in patients with neuromuscular disease [ 1 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Lung , in air-breathing vertebrates, either of the two large organs of respiration located in the chest cavity and responsible for adding oxygen to and removing carbon dioxide from the blood. (britannica.com)
  • The lungs always remain somewhat inflated because of a partial vacuum between the membrane covering the lung and that which lines the chest . (britannica.com)
  • Healed lung tissue becomes a fibrous scar unable to perform respiratory duties. (britannica.com)
  • It is a specialised subspecialty of pulmonary medicine, which deals with advanced diagnostic and therapeutic manoeuvre for the management of various lung disorders. (jaslokhospital.net)
  • BACKGROUND: Digital radiography systems are replacing traditional film for chest radiographic monitoring in the recognition of pneumoconiosis. (cdc.gov)
  • A total of 2002 active or retired workers with >10 yr of employment were examined by chest radiography. (cdc.gov)
  • On day 15, the chest radiography was clear. (cdc.gov)
  • Her chest radiography showed extensive shadowing. (cdc.gov)
  • Conventional chest radiography, however, has its limitations. (novapublishers.com)
  • Chest radiography suggested the presence of a fluid collection on the right hemithorax (Figure 2). (ispub.com)
  • In accordance with the diagnostic criteria proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO), this patient's condition was diagnosed as SARS in view of her symptoms, temperature, and chest radiograph findings ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Since fever is the most common feature of SARS, isolating febrile cases with respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms may be appropriate. (cdc.gov)
  • A chest radiograph (CXR) is usually the first diagnostic imaging study in patients with respiratory symptoms. (novapublishers.com)
  • Therefore, due to the persistence of the symptoms with the patient, a chest CT was performed. (eurorad.org)
  • Most severe symptoms may regard central nervous system (neuropathy), kidneys and heart. (eurorad.org)
  • In the minority of cases where symptoms do develop, signs may vary from a non-specific cough to more severe symptoms such as shortness of breath (dyspnea) or pleuritic chest pain. (news-medical.net)
  • Cryptcoccosis infection is suspected based on symptoms and is confirmed using culturing techniques. (news-medical.net)
  • A cough that lasts 1 to 3 weeks, with or without sputum production, and that is associated with upper respiratory tract and constitutional symptoms is the typical presentation. (asm.org)
  • Cough, chest pain, and fever are its main clinical symptoms, which is a serious threat to patient's life. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The diagnosis of myasthenia gravis is made after the sudden or gradual onset of specific symptoms and after diagnostic testing. (vidanthealth.com)
  • However, thymectomy reduces symptoms in more than 70% of people who do not have cancer of the thymus, possibly by altering the immune system response. (vidanthealth.com)
  • Evaluation of Respiratory Symptoms Among Youth e-Cigarette Users. (harvard.edu)
  • Multiple organ system symptoms ie, respiratory distress, intracranial hemorrhage, meningitis, and some inheritable types of chromosomal anomalies abnormalities involving other cell products such as hypokalemia during treatment of typical macrophages. (pacoimabeautiful.org)
  • These included investigating auscultatory rales, chest X-rays, computed tomography of the thorax, gallium-67 (Ga67) scans of the lungs, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and pulmonary function testing. (cdc.gov)
  • It is more difficult to visualize the lungs on an X-ray than bones, but the technique can still be helpful in the diagnostic process. (news-medical.net)
  • This technique involves the insertion of a thin tube with a miniature lens through the nasal passage and into the lungs, which allows the internal tissues of the lungs to be visualized and check for any abnormalities. (news-medical.net)
  • The Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging provides a full range of services involving the chest area, including the lungs and heart. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Techniques to re-inflate air sacs in the lungs. (deaconess.com)
  • A procedure that involves a needle being placed into the space between the lungs and the chest wall, known as the pleural space. (deaconess.com)
  • This technique allows doctors to view regions of the lungs and surrounding chest area that have traditionally required more invasive surgical procedures to evaluate. (lmhealth.org)
  • This allows doctors to retrieve specimens from areas of the lungs that traditional bronchoscopy cannot and helps to eliminate the need for more risky diagnostic procedures for a diagnosis. (lmhealth.org)
  • Some common medical procedures require the ability to operate on a specific location in the thorax, including locations in the respiratory system, such as the lungs, bronchi and immediately surrounding tissues. (google.com)
  • Primarily a pathogen of the mammalian respiratory system , MTB infects the lungs. (blogspot.com)
  • As a general rule, hosts with more competent immune systems tend to have disease limited to their lungs or other single sites, whereas those with less competent defenses may experience multifocal disease. (rtmagazine.com)
  • In addition to respiratory activities, the lungs perform other bodily functions. (britannica.com)
  • Air is drawn into the lungs when the diaphragm (the muscular portion between the abdomen and the chest) and the intercostal muscles contract, expanding the chest cavity and lowering the pressure between the lungs and chest wall as well as within the lungs. (britannica.com)
  • In most cases, the involvement of a respiratory specialist is needed to confirm the diagnosis. (news-medical.net)
  • The diagnosis of various pulmonary infections is initially based on radiological evaluation depending upon chest X-ray, CT scan or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • A CXR is also the most commonly used imaging technique for follow-up in patients with established diagnosis, and is reproducible and cost efficient. (novapublishers.com)
  • Respiratory care professionals work under the direction of a physician and assist in the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with pulmonary disorders. (lmhealth.org)
  • They share overlapping features and the diagnosis is based on pulmonary opacities on a chest radiograph or chest CT and peripheral eosinophilia. (eurorad.org)
  • Based on this diagnosis, right chest tube drainage was immediately instituted with evacuation of thepurulent material. (ispub.com)
  • The Associate in Applied Science in Respiratory Care will offer the study of theory and techniques instrumental in diagnosis, treatment, management, and preventive care of patients with cardiopulmonary problems. (ccc.edu)
  • The present invention relates to methods of medical diagnosis and displaying diagnostic data. (google.com)
  • The Department of Respiratory Medicine caters to diagnosis and treatment of all respiratory disorders. (jaslokhospital.net)
  • As a surgeon that embraces the multi-disciplinary approach to cancer care, Dr. Paul strives to carefully explain all diagnostic and therapeutic options available. (castleconnolly.com)
  • diagnostic and therapeutic. (unipr.it)
  • Since the German surgeon Rudolph Nissen described the first successful pneumonectomy for benign disease performed in 1931[ 16 17 ], empyema and bronchopleural fistula (BPF) after pneumonectomy have continued to represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the pneumologist and thoracic surgeon. (ispub.com)
  • The TubercuList knowledge base integrates genome details, protein information, drug and transcriptome data, mutant and operon annotation, bibliography, structural views and comparative genomics, in a structured manner required for the rational development of new diagnostic, therapeutic and prophylactic measures against tuberculosis. (blogspot.com)
  • Explanations of physiological mechanisms underlying the benefits of common therapeutic, diagnostic, and monitoring procedures are unique to this text. (elsevier.com)
  • The physiological basis for therapeutic, diagnostic, and monitoring procedures is made explicit. (elsevier.com)
  • The expectation is that graduates, with their expanded diagnostic and therapeutic knowledge, skills, and experience, will become future experts in primary spine care in Switzerland. (chiro.org)
  • Set up and operate devices, such as mechanical ventilators, therapeutic gas administration apparatus, environmental control systems, or aerosol generators, following specified parameters of treatment. (onetonline.org)
  • The Therapeutic Value of CranioSacral Therapy We are all familiar with the cardiovascular and respiratory rhythms. (medexplorer.com)
  • Infections in the respiratory tract are very common but majority involve the upper respiratory system. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • A plurality of sound transducers are fixed on a surface of the individual over an individual's respiratory tract that generate signals indicative of pressure waves at the transducers. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • A processor receives the signals and generates from the signals an image indicative of airflow in at least a portion of the respiratory tract before the interventional pulmonology procedure is carried out. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • A second image indicative of airflow in at least a portion of the respiratory tract is then generated from the signals after the interventional procedure has been carried out. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • c) the display device simultaneously displaying the sequences of images of the respiratory tract generated by the processor. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • lining of the lower respiratory tract responds to acute inflammation by increasing the production of secretions, which may contain bacterial or malignant cells. (powershow.com)
  • Lower respiratory tract infections are among the most common infectious diseases of humans worldwide. (asm.org)
  • Less controversial is the need to establish an etiology in the hospitalized patient and the immunocompromised host with lower respiratory tract infection. (asm.org)
  • This minireview addresses the major categories of lower respiratory tract infections, the most common etiologic agents, and the laboratory tests (and their limitations) available to diagnose them. (asm.org)
  • Respiratory syncytial virus can also cause symptomatic lower respiratory tract disease, especially in elderly patients ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • As Nocardia species are ubiquitous soil organisms and are readily aerosolized with dust, the respiratory tract is the main portal of entry. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Histology and cytology of the normal respiratory tract. (springer.com)
  • Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT. (harvard.edu)
  • Risk of eczema, wheezing and respiratory tract infections in the first year of life: A systematic review of vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy and at birth. (harvard.edu)
  • It is mostly secreted by the cells in your bronchi and bronchioles (the lower airways of the respiratory tract). (healthadvicer.com)
  • Chest X-rays and CT (computed tomography) scans are standard procedures in this division, providing a comprehensive evaluation of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • The interdependence of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, and renal systems in oxygentation and acid-base regulation are explored in depth. (elsevier.com)
  • cardiovascular (CV) - pertaining to the heart and blood vessel (circulatory) system. (nyhq.org)
  • Medicine now has excellent diagnostic techniques and a powerful Arsenal of antibiotics, but despite this the mortality rate for pneumonia reaches 1-9%, which gives it the fourth place among causes of death after cardiovascular and oncological diseases and injuries of poisoning. (qsota.com)
  • Cardiovascular system. (bartleby.com)
  • 3M Pharmaceuticals - prescription treatments and drug delivery systems in the areas of women's health, immune system modifiers, asthma, and cardiovascular ailments. (medexplorer.com)
  • Bronchoscopy, another important diagnostic tool, is used to visualize the inside of the airways and identify abnormalities such as tumors, inflammation, and bleeding. (petmd.com)
  • It is obligatory roentgenography of the chest may additionally require a bronchoscopy. (qsota.com)
  • Bronchoscopy has become the most commonly performed invasive procedure by chest physicians. (jaslokhospital.net)
  • In this report we describe our experience in obtaining endobronchial biopsies employing a flexible fibreoptic bronchoscopy/laryngeal mask airway technique in an outpatient setting in 170 children. (bmj.com)
  • This well-illustrated book, written by internationally acclaimed experts, provides an up-to-date and comprehensive approach to modern imaging of environmental and occupational diseases of the chest. (springer.com)
  • Aids in the treatment of respiratory diseases. (deaconess.com)
  • Thoracic and cardiac surgeons have the knowledge, experience and technical skills to accurately diagnose, operate upon safely and effectively manage patients with thoracic diseases of the chest. (castleconnolly.com)
  • Diagnostic laboratory and instrumental evaluation of bone diseases. (unipr.it)
  • Severe pulmonary diseases and respiratory syndromes are more likely to occur in those with weakened immune systems. (news-medical.net)
  • Typically, this leads to a chronic cough that lasts two months or longer -- a cough that is not attributable to other causes like heart failure, neoplasia, infections, or other respiratory diseases. (petmd.com)
  • Archivos de Bronconeumologia (http: www.archbronconeumol.org) publishes original studies whose content is based upon results dealing with several aspects of respiratory diseases such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinics, surgery, and basic investigation. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • Chest radiograph on admission indicated consolidation over the right middle zone. (cdc.gov)
  • Serial chest radiograph showed gradual resolution of shadowing. (cdc.gov)
  • The standard diagnostic evaluation for these conditions includes either chest radiograph (CXR. (bioportfolio.com)
  • For critically ill patients in a hospital′s I.C.U., a portable chest radiograph is the most helpful, and most commonly used, x-ray examination. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • The Emory Cardiac Imaging Center is a state-of-the-art facility where our team of cardiac imaging specialists from cardiology and radiology work together to provide patients with the most accurate and appropriate diagnostic medical imaging services available. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • They are frequently certified by the American Board of Radiology (although they are not diagnostic radiologists). (lungcancercap.org)
  • Wang's approach monitors respiratory gating, or a patient's motion breath-by-breath, and uses the data collected to focus a radiology beam on the targeted area when the chest cavity is relaxed -- the stage that provides the best picture of a cancerous site. (eurekalert.org)
  • Get the quick answers you need on every aspect of diagnostic radiology and apply them in your day-to-day practice . (books-express.ro)
  • Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology Essentials serves as a comprehensive review and reference for radiologists in training and in practice by providing practical solutions to diagnostic problems in the radiological recognition and interpretation of a wide range of disease entities. (books-express.ro)
  • I.C.U. Chest Radiology. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • The typical chest radiographic findings in EGPA are peripheral consolidations involving mainly the upper lobes bilaterally and, eventually, a small pleural perfusion. (eurorad.org)
  • The ability to provide this kind of treatment requires a substantial knowledge of cardiorespiratory physiology and oncology, as well as capability in the use of extracorporeal circulation, cardiac assist devices, management of cardiac dysrhythmias, pleural drainage, respiratory support systems, endoscopy, and other invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques. (shreesaihospital.co.in)
  • Cytological techniques used for detection of pulmonary infections include sputum examination, bronchial washing & brushing, bronchoalveolar lavage, transbronchial/ transthoracic fine needle aspiration (FNA) and EUS (endoscopic ultrasonography) guided FNA. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • This was a particularly exciting study because it suggested that nonvolatile materials in breath, such as high molecular weight proteins, could be detected without invasive surgical procedures or semi-invasive sputum techniques to obtain samples of airway secretions. (ufl.edu)
  • Collect sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, or other respiratory specimens if pulmonary nocardiosis is suspected. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • A thoracic and cardiac surgeon provides the operative, perioperative care and critical care of patients with pathologic conditions within the chest. (castleconnolly.com)
  • This book is for respiratory therapists and other health professionals involved in cardiac and respiratory care. (elsevier.com)
  • cardiac catheterization - a diagnostic procedure in which a tiny, hollow tube (catheter) is advanced from a vessel in the groin through the aorta into the heart in order to image the heart and blood vessels. (nyhq.org)
  • cardiac output - the amount of blood that goes through the circulatory system in one minute. (nyhq.org)
  • These structures are attributable to the effect of individual neural impulses from the autonomic nervous system which influence the cardiac pacemaker. (google.com)
  • The study was based on data collected in Sweden and Denmark during a time when cardiac sparing techniques were barely used anywhere. (varian.com)
  • A PharmD, who understands the learning needs of nurses, will help you review commonly encountered medications used on the respiratory, cardiac and endocrine systems. (villanova.edu)
  • Respond to emergency situations by providing airway management, administering emergency fluids or drugs, or using basic or advanced cardiac life support techniques. (onetonline.org)
  • There is particular emphasis on the role of thin-section computed tomography since this technique facilitates the detection of early subclinical abnormalities. (springer.com)
  • You wonder how accurate the ultrasound would be compared to either the usual initial supine chest x-ray or to a computed tomography which could be performed later in the patients assessment. (bestbets.org)
  • Ultrasound findings were compared against a combination of other diagnostic methods including supine chest x-ray, intercostal drain, computed tomography or tube thoracotomy. (bestbets.org)
  • Blunt trauma patients who underwent computed tomography (CT) scan of their chest as part of their clinical assessment. (bestbets.org)
  • The process is automated with a sensor on the patient's chest or abdomen that sends a signal to start or stop the common positron emission tomography and computed tomography, or PET/CT, scan. (eurekalert.org)
  • CT scans of the patient's chest are loaded into proprietary software that reconstructs the patient's airways in multiple 3D images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using off-the-shelf and bespoke software they were able to create a 3D image of a patient's chest wall. (indiatimes.com)
  • Current techniques depend on scanning equipment pressed down on a patient's chest that can be uncomfortable at best, and produces images that are expensive to process and may not provide the most accurate depiction of the tumor site. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Calypso System utilizes a set of tiny transmitters that are temporarily affixed to the skin near the middle of the patient's chest and then tracked continuously throughout a treatment session. (varian.com)
  • Standard microbiologic investigations to exclude common respiratory virus and bacterium for community-acquired pneumonia, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis , were negative in our patient. (cdc.gov)
  • As the definition of SARS is nonspecific, patients with upper respiratory infection or community-acquired pneumonia could be mislabeled as having SARS. (cdc.gov)
  • The most mentioned pathologic processes involved with worst outcomes in the post-pneumonectomy state are known to arise at the early postoperative period and include pneumonia, atelectasis, respiratory failure and prolonged mechanical ventilation[ 1 2 3 4 5 6 ]. (ispub.com)
  • Suspect nocardiosis in immunocompromised patients with acute, sub-acute, or chronic pneumonia, or in those with central nervous system or skin and soft tissue involvement. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Artifacts caused by motion due to respiration are suppressed by monitoring the respiratory state of the patient and acquiring the probe position when the respiratory state of the patient is equal to the respiratory state of the patient during image capture. (google.com)
  • Examples of such rhythmic functions include, but are not limited to: the motion of one limb n a gait pattern, the contraction of the heart, the movement of the chest and diaphragm in respiration, the contractions of segments of the intestine, the rise and fall of populations of different species of animals within an ecosystem and the rhythmic twitching symptomatic of certain neurological disorders. (google.com)
  • The performance is proven to surpass that of many current methods in the literature, as the new EDR-signal has a strong correlation and coherence with chest band based respiration measurements. (oulu.fi)
  • A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Whereas respiration requires patency of the upper airway throughout the respiratory cycle, swallowing and phonation are dependent on upper airway closure. (fitness-vip.com)
  • Additionally, diagnostic imaging techniques are often needed to investigate the cause of abnormalities noted in the consultation and physical examination. (news-medical.net)
  • and diagnosing abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • This requires substantial knowledge of cardiorespiratory physiology and oncology, as well as capability in the use of heart assist devices, management of abnormal heart rhythms and drainage of the chest cavity, respiratory support systems, endoscopy and invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques. (castleconnolly.com)
  • The pathology of these disorders occurring from failure of primitive intestine and its differentiation into respiratory system [ 4 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • The presentation of these disorders rang from respiratory failure to imaging alterations in non symptomatic adult patients [ 5 - 7 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • The noninvasive technique disclosed are a useful clinical tool for observing phase locking as diagnostic of physiological disorders which result from autonomic neural dysfunction. (google.com)
  • people with congenital disorders of respiratory system, a weakened immune system. (qsota.com)
  • More invasive diagnostic techniques are then necessary, posing a greater potential for complications such as pneumothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anatomy can be studied using both invasive and non-invasive methods with the goal of obtaining information about the structure and organization of organs and systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the potentially beneficial treatment options for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (HRF) arising from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) remains under question because of a lack of convincing evidence in the literature. (bmj.com)
  • An apparatus and method for non-invasive and continuous measurement of respiratory chamber volume and associated parameters including respiratory rate, respiratory rhythm, tidal volume, dielectric variability and respiratory congestion. (patents.com)
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: Relapse? (cdc.gov)
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an emerging infectious disease worldwide, and relapsing SARS is a major concern. (cdc.gov)
  • We studied the value of routine biochemical variables albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) to improve prediction and monitoring of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) severity in the intensive care unit. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is caused by alveolocapillary inflammation and increased permeability following a direct pulmonary or extrapulmonary insult. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Expanded coverage of asthma topics provides more information regarding abnormal airway physiology and autonomic nervous system anatomy and physiology in relation to asthma. (elsevier.com)
  • It is also potentially very useful in assessing changes in respiratory physiology that occur during exercise. (indiatimes.com)
  • It is anticipated that methods to control the adulteration of breath samples, by saliva or other biofluids, will have significant impact in the future of clinical diagnostics as testing methods move to noninvasive platforms. (ufl.edu)
  • Standard and viscoelastic mechanical properties of respiratory system compartments in dogs: effect of volume, posture, and shape. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Six devices (five were commercially available and one was custom made) were tested with mechanical test loads combining resistors ( R ), gas compliances ( C ) and a tube inertance ( L ), to mimic respiratory resistance ( R rs ) and reactance ( X rs ) spectra encountered in clinical practice. (ersjournals.com)
  • Although this measurement has not been used for quantification of respiratory muscle dysfunction, its relation to the amplitude of Vt is a reflection of the degree of mechanical coupling between the respiratory muscles and the respiratory system. (fitness-vip.com)
  • Pressure-volume measurements of rib cage and abdominal compartments can provide the basis for mechanical analysis of the diaphragm, rib cage, and abdominal muscles , allowing inferences about which muscles contribute to a particular breath or respiratory maneuver. (fitness-vip.com)
  • This Section of the Statement has considered the mechanical properties and function of the chest wall, assessed by volume Figure 6. (fitness-vip.com)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuberculosis Tuberculosis , MTB , or TB (short for tubercle bacillus ) is a common, and in many cases lethal, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria , usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis . (blogspot.com)
  • Breath analysis was first reported by the ancient Greeks during the time of Hippocrates, when medical practitioners considered specific aromas in breath as diagnostic markers of disease. (ufl.edu)
  • They are also able to deal surgically with other organs and tissues (such as the liver, urinary, and female reproductive systems) involved with primary intestinal disease. (shreesaihospital.co.in)
  • Chronic respiratory disease may cause changes in family roles, social isolation, and financial problems due to unemployment or disability. (powershow.com)
  • It may be associated with hypothermia, a viral disease, a medication that reduces the immune system. (qsota.com)
  • PALO ALTO, Calif., March 28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Varian Medical Systems (NYSE:VAR), the world leader in radiotherapy equipment and software, is highlighting its Calypso® System as a tool designed to help doctors reduce women's risk of developing heart disease years after treatment for breast cancer. (varian.com)
  • The Calypso System is one of several technologies that Varian offers to help minimize women's risk of radiotherapy related heart disease," says Chris Toth, vice president of marketing for Varian's Oncology Systems business. (varian.com)
  • Clinical and radiological findings should guide the diagnostic approach, depending on the size and location of the tumour, the presence of metastatic disease, and the clinical status of the patient. (apollohospitals.com)
  • VAR ), the world leader in radiotherapy equipment and software, is highlighting its Calypso® System as a tool designed to help doctors reduce women's risk of developing heart disease years after treatment for breast cancer. (mdtmag.com)
  • A prospective study of early diagnostic tests of small airways disease. (springer.com)
  • Seat belts reduce the incidence of injuries such as head injury and chest injury, but present a threat to such abdominal organs as the pancreas and the intestines, which may be displaced or compressed against the spinal column. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fever and the changes induced by fever on the various organs and systems. (unipr.it)
  • Derived from the Greek ἀνατομή anatomē "dissection" (from ἀνατέμνω anatémnō "I cut up, cut open" from ἀνά aná "up", and τέμνω témnō "I cut"), [5] anatomy is the scientific study of the structure of organisms including their systems, organs and tissues . (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray , ultrasound , and magnetic resonance imaging . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most frequently used diagnostic methods for TB are the tuberculin skin test, acid-fast stain, and chest radiographs. (blogspot.com)
  • Aside from direct conventional methods, some rapid diagnostic tests to detect the cryptococcal antigen include the latex agglutination test, lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFA) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). (news-medical.net)
  • Postoperatively, all participants received standardised early ambulation, and no additional respiratory physiotherapy was provided. (bmj.com)
  • Chest Physiotherapy chest percussion, vibration, and postural drainage. (powershow.com)
  • suctioning, and chest physiotherapy. (powershow.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to compare two physiotherapy techniques: chest wall compression versus chest wall compression plus increase of 10 cmH2O in inspiratory pressure. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Mean symptom is respiratory distress and frequent chest infection. (omicsonline.org)
  • Knowledge of laboratory paramenters and diagnostic procedures. (unipr.it)
  • and diagnostic and surgical procedures. (google.com.au)
  • Performs generalized diagnostic procedures such as pulse oximetry, arterial puncture, bedside pulmonary function tests. (monster.com)
  • Serves as a resource to physicians, nurses, respiratory students and other hospital staff regarding the theory and the physiologic application of respiratory care procedures and equipment. (monster.com)
  • 42 of 45 procedures were performed via a transforaminal approach with the remaining 3 via cervical techniques. (ajnr.org)
  • We use the latest, innovative techniques and state-of-the-art equipment for screening and diagnostic imaging. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • For more online information, visit Diagnostic Imaging 's ECR 2007 Webcast . (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • The system allows more precise imaging, and eliminates the need for the chest to be compressed. (eurekalert.org)
  • We have demonstrated quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, and spectral infrared spectroscopy as potential tools for improved clinical diagnostics. (oulu.fi)
  • A Simplified Method for Three-Dimensional Optical Imaging and Measurement of Patients with Chest Wall Deformities. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Consequently, chiropractors scope of practice includes the right to order all diagnostic imaging and most laboratory testing. (chiro.org)
  • 4-D diagnostic imaging that shows the magnitude of respiratory motion and enables the creation of treatment plans that take this motion into account. (varian.com)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appears to be superior to CT in detecting mediastinal, chest wall tumour invasion into the pericardium, heart and great vessels, brachial plexus, vertebral body and spinal canal. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Each bottle is to be used as an Imaging Bulk Package for dispensing multiple single doses of iopamidol injection for multiple patients, using an automated contrast injection system or contrast management system approved or cleared for use with this contrast agent in this Imaging Bulk Package. (drugs.com)
  • Definitionally, a nondiagnostic specimen is one which provides no useful diagnostic information about the pulmonary nodule, cyst, or mass lesion seen on imaging studies. (springer.com)
  • Nondiagnostic specimens include those that contain only normal ciliated respiratory epithelium, non-ciliated bronchiolar epithelium, pneumocytes, and/or macrophages when a distinct pulmonary nodule is identified on imaging studies. (springer.com)
  • Specimens containing only normal-appearing ciliated respiratory epithelium, non-ciliated bronchiolar epithelium, and pneumocytes may be considered adequate only when a vague ill-defined abnormality or consolidation is detected on imaging studies. (springer.com)
  • Continue the certificate with Geriatric Physical Assessment Course, which will review basic assessment techniques and include components that relate specifically to geriatric populations. (villanova.edu)
  • Related assessment techniques and current screening tools will be identified. (villanova.edu)
  • The components of a comprehensive assessment, including a physical assessment, corroborative diagnostic data, and the patient's story will be assessed (House-Kokan, 2012). (bartleby.com)
  • The components of a comprehensive assessment, including a physical assessment, corroborative diagnostic data, and the family issues will be assessed (House-Kokan, 2012). (bartleby.com)
  • Introduction: As an assessment coordinator, I was not hesitant to choose '' a Comprehensive Assessment System'' to be the topic of my literature review. (bartleby.com)
  • Believing that properly and consistently using students' results for continuous improvement is a major factor for any school's success, I save no efforts to review and research for techniques related to assessment definition, nature, types, strategies, importance, and effects. (bartleby.com)
  • Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine-needle aspiration: the University of Minnesota experience with emphasis on usefulness, adequacy assessment, and diagnostic difficulties. (springer.com)
  • Important techniques include the following Assessment of the passive properties of the chest wall (Rahn diagram) the chest wall is a contractile musculoskeletal structure that changes. (fitness-vip.com)
  • However, if this disorder affects your respiratory muscles, those muscles can become so weak that it obstructs your airways, severely affecting breathing. (henryford.com)
  • Whereas the Campbell diagram can be used to infer inspiratory and expiratory activity of all the respiratory muscles, other PV diagrams can be used to infer action of specific respiratory muscles. (fitness-vip.com)
  • It was performed a chest X-ray that reported subtle peripheral opacities with apical predominance. (eurorad.org)
  • Although 1 in 500 chest x-rays show a peripheral lesion, 65% of traditional bronchoscopes fail to reach these distant lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results of these studies show that mild to moderate grades of simple CWP are often not detected by chest radiographic means. (cdc.gov)
  • This anteroposterior (AP) chest x-ray revealed radiographic evidence of both bronchiectasis and atelectasis of this patient's right upper lobe, due to an unknown etiology. (cdc.gov)
  • Intravascular injection of a radiopaque diagnostic agent opacifies those vessels in the path of flow of the contrast medium, permitting radiographic visualization of the internal structures of the human body until significant hemodilution occurs. (drugs.com)
  • Cardiopulmonary complications and the malposition of lines, tubes, and catheters are often initially detected on a portable chest film. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • circulatory system - pertaining to the heart and blood vessels, and the circulation of blood. (nyhq.org)
  • Adults (aged 15 to 88 years) with blunt thoracic or abdominal injuries USS by surgeons compared to the patients clinical outcome and other diagnostic techniques. (bestbets.org)
  • During at least a five-year educational period after obtaining a medical degree, the surgeon acquires knowledge and technical skills in managing medical conditions that relate to the head and neck, breast, skin, and soft tissues, abdominal wall, extremities, and the gastrointestinal, vascular, and endocrine systems. (shreesaihospital.co.in)
  • Diagnostic tests should be performed for the patient with chronic cough in the setting of appropriate epidemiology, since pertussis is indistinguishable clinically from other causes of bronchitis and adults may be vectors of infection in nonimmunized infants or incompletely immunized children. (asm.org)
  • Another limitation of these clinical classifications systems is their use of chest radiographs in the diagnostic work up. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although T&A may not be universally effective in paediatric patients 18 , several studies have shown that post-operative recovery from OSA treated with T&A includes normalisation of sleep and respiratory measures 16 , 17 , 19 - 21 , and improvements in school performance 2 , cognitive function 13 , 22 , 23 , behaviour 24 and quality of life 25 , 26 . (ersjournals.com)
  • A licensed Respiratory Therapist/COPD Educator will provide education for patients diagnosed with COPD. (lmhealth.org)
  • Educate patients and patients and families to cope with respiratory illness's. (monster.com)
  • Microsoft's Xbox Kinect - a popular sensor-based gaming console - can assess the respiratory function of patients and spot conditions such as cystic fibrosis, researchers including an Indian origin scientist report. (indiatimes.com)
  • Thoracic surgery involves the operative management, perioperative care, and critical care of patients with pathological conditions within the chest. (shreesaihospital.co.in)
  • Henry Ford Health System is committed to ensuring our Deaf or hard-of-hearing patients and visitors have equal access to all services. (henryford.com)
  • To demonstrate that airway clearance provided by Vest therapy reduces the frequency of respiratory exacerbations requiring hospitalization or antibiotic utilization in patients with muscle. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Patients are coached in advance to take a deep breath and hold it at specified times during treatment, which expands the chest and pushes the breast away from the heart. (varian.com)
  • Furthermore, the same technique has also been extensively validated in patients on intensive care, in whom it holds very high discriminatory power for identifying moderate and severe congestion (areas under the receiver operating curves [ROCs] of 0.94 and 0.96, respectively) ( 9 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • Patients with nocardiosis invading the central nervous system (CNS) may have headache, lethargy, confusion, seizures, or focal neurological deficits. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Attach electrodes to the patients' chests, arms, and legs, connect electrodes to leads from the electrocardiogram (EKG) machine, and operate the EKG machine to obtain a reading. (onetonline.org)
  • Transdiaphragmatic pressure can be measured in ICU patients for research or diagnostic purposes when diaphragmatic dysfunction is suspected. (fitness-vip.com)
  • The potential applications of this measurement in ICU patients are summarized in subsequent text (see Techniques for Pressure Measurements in Section 2 of this Statement). (fitness-vip.com)
  • reports pain to his chest and abdomen. (bartleby.com)
  • Computerised tomography (CT) provides information about the primary lesion, thoracic lymph nodes, pleura, chest wall and upper abdomen. (apollohospitals.com)
  • The Simulation Center at Mount Sinai Morningside and Mount Sinai West is being used to train residents in internal medicine, emergency medicine, general surgery, pulmonary and critical care, anesthesia, critical care nurses, and respiratory therapists. (mountsinai.org)
  • The system uses four sensors which allow measurement of movement from more than one viewpoint. (indiatimes.com)
  • Standardisation of this technique has become an important task, and recommendations on measurement conditions and accuracy have been published [ 2 , 5 , 6 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Since the devices differ in several aspects, such as measurement duration, frequency content, waveform and intensity of oscillations, and signal processing techniques, concerns have been raised about their compatibility in the measurement of respiratory impedance ( Z rs ). (ersjournals.com)
  • Emergency Physicians did not perform the USS Surgeon- sonographers were used as specialist team members, rather than emergency physicians, who are the people most in need of a specific technique they can use to diagnose haemothorax. (bestbets.org)
  • This enables physicians to measure and assess how a chest wall moves. (indiatimes.com)
  • In adults with thoracic trauma] does [emergency department ultrasonography have better clinical utility than chest x-ray] at [diagnosing haemothorax]? (bestbets.org)
  • Nevertheless, because it takes a long time to display the 3D images, 3D ultrasonography can generally only be used as a diagnostic method and not to assist treatment, except according to a few reports. (ahajournals.org)
  • It will prepare the students to become a well-rounded professional and competent advanced respiratory therapist. (ccc.edu)
  • The graduate will be eligible to take the National Board for Respiratory Care Therapist Multiple Choice (TMC) examination to become a Certified Respiratory Therapist and the advanced level respiratory care practitioner examination to become a Registered Respiratory Therapist. (ccc.edu)
  • Successful completion of the program can lead to employment as a respiratory therapist in hospitals, clinics or home settings or branch off into research, sales, education or other career opportunities. (ccc.edu)
  • In this report, the United States Food Diagnostics Systems market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Clinical utility of ultrasound vs supine chest x-ray at detecting the presence of haemothorax. (bestbets.org)
  • Ethambutol optic neuritis in necessitating urgent spinal mri or ultrasound and serum tsi is diagnostic. (goodbelly.com)
  • We also demonstrated that the novel axial transmission ultrasound technique can discriminate fracture subjects from controls with similar accuracy to that of DXA. (oulu.fi)
  • Layfield LJ, Dodd L, Witt B. Malignancy risk for the categories: non-diagnostic, benign, atypical, suspicious, and malignant used in the categorization of endobronchial ultrasound guided fine needle aspirates of pulmonary nodules. (springer.com)
  • EBUS is a technique that uses ultrasound along with bronchoscope to visualize airway wall and the structures adjacent to it. (jaslokhospital.net)
  • The system has an ultrasound processor and a balloon catheter that are attached to the probe. (jaslokhospital.net)
  • Pathophysiology and diagnostic tests will be included. (villanova.edu)
  • The team is now planning to develop their prototype further using Microsoft's new version of the Kinect, working with cystic fibrosis and other respiratory conditions. (indiatimes.com)
  • Moderate and severe categories of micro and macronodules showed good correlations with chest x-rays (r=0.53 and 0.48, respectively). (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, compared with baseline, only high-intensity NPPV resulted in significant improvements in exercise-related dyspnoea, daytime Paco 2 , FEV 1 , vital capacity and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire Summary Score. (bmj.com)
  • In more severe cases, respiratory or nutritional support may be needed. (vidanthealth.com)
  • The simulation center also held an orientation for new fellows in pulmonary and critical care medicine for all first year fellows in the Mount Sinai Health System. (mountsinai.org)
  • In the majority of people with healthy immune systems, alveolar macrophages engulf the tubercle bacillus and release a substance that attracts T lymphocytes. (rtmagazine.com)
  • A blood product that helps to decrease the immune system's attack on the nervous system, given intravenously (IV). (vidanthealth.com)
  • The multiple linear regression technique with two predictor variables has been used commonly since the 1980's for calibration of respiratory effort belts. (oulu.fi)
  • Pectus excavatum and carinatum are two of the most commonly observed chest wall deformities in pediatrics. (bioportfolio.com)