A species of the Chenopodium genus which is the source of edible seed called quinoa. It contains makisterone A and other STEROIDS, some having ECDYSTEROID activity on insects.
A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.
A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.
A plant species of the genus Chenopodium known for toxicity to intestinal worms and other simple organisms.
The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.
A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).
Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)
An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.
A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
A genus of tripartite plant viruses in the family BROMOVIRIDAE. Transmission is by beetles. Brome mosaic virus is the type species.
A genus of plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, that cause mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Transmission occurs mechanically. Potato virus X is the type species.
Viral proteins that facilitate the movement of viruses between plant cells by means of PLASMODESMATA, channels that traverse the plant cell walls.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Diseases of plants.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A group of seed storage proteins restricted to the POACEAE family. They are rich in GLUTAMINE and PROLINE.

Characterization and complete nucleotide sequence of Strawberry mottle virus: a tentative member of a new family of bipartite plant picorna-like viruses. (1/44)

An isolate of Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) was transferred from Fragaria vesca to Nicotiana occidentalis and Chenopodium quinoa by mechanical inoculation. Electron micrographs of infected tissues showed the presence of isometric particles of approximately 28 nm in diameter. SMoV-associated tubular structures were also conspicuous, particularly in the plasmodesmata of C. quinoa. DsRNA extraction of SMoV-infected N. occidentalis yielded two bands of 6.3 and 7.8 kbp which were cloned and sequenced. Gaps in the sequence, including the 5' and 3' ends, were filled using RT-PCR and RACE. The genome of SMoV was found to consist of RNA1 and RNA2 of 7036 and 5619 nt, respectively, excluding a poly(A) tail. Each RNA encodes one polyprotein and has a 3' non-coding region of approximately 1150 nt. The polyprotein of RNA1 contains regions with identities to helicase, viral genome-linked protein, protease and polymerase (RdRp), and shares its closest similarity with RNA1 of the tentative nepovirus Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV). The polyprotein of RNA2 displayed some similarity to the large coat protein domain of SDV and related viruses. Phylogenetic analysis of the RdRp region showed that SMoV falls into a separate group containing SDV, Apple latent spherical virus, Naval orange infectious mottling virus and Rice tungro spherical virus. Given the size of RNA2 and the presence of a long 3' non-coding region, SMoV is more typical of a nepovirus, although atypically for a nepovirus it is aphid transmissible. We propose that SMoV is a tentative member of an SDV-like lineage of picorna-like viruses.  (+info)

Solution structures of potato virus X and narcissus mosaic virus from Raman optical activity. (2/44)

Potato virus X (PVX) and narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) were studied using vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) in order to obtain new information on the structures of their coat protein subunits. The ROA spectra of the two intact virions are very similar to each other and similar to that of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) studied previously, being dominated by signals characteristic of proteins with helix bundle folds. In particular, PVX and NMV show strong positive ROA bands at approximately 1340 cm(-1) assigned to hydrated alpha-helix and perhaps originating in surface exposed helical residues, together with less strong positive ROA intensity in the range approximately 1297-1312 cm(-1) assigned to alpha-helix in a more hydrophobic environment and perhaps originating in residues at helix-helix interfaces. The positive approximately 1340 cm(-1) ROA band of TMV is less intense than those of PVX and NMV, suggesting that TMV contains less hydrated alpha-helix. Small differences in other spectral regions reflect differences in some loop, turn and side-chain compositions and conformations among the three viruses. A pattern recognition program based on principal component analysis of ROA spectra indicates that the coat protein subunit folds of PVX and NMV may be very similar to each other and similar to that of TMV. These results suggest that PVX and NMV may have coat protein subunit structures based on folds similar to the TMV helix bundle and hence that the helical architecture of the PVX and NMV particles may be similar to that of TMV but with different structural parameters.  (+info)

Heterologous movement protein strongly modifies the infection phenotype of cucumber mosaic virus. (3/44)

A hybrid virus (CMVcymMP) constructed by replacing the movement protein (MP) of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) with that of cymbidium ringspot tombusvirus (CymRSV) was viable and could efficiently spread both cell to cell and long distance in host plants. The hybrid virus was able to move cell to cell in the absence of functional CP, whereas CP-deficient CMV was restricted to single inoculated cells. In several Chenopodium and Nicotiana species, the symptom phenotype of the hybrid virus infection was clearly determined by the foreign MP gene. In Nicotiana debneyi and Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi, the hybrid virus could move systemically, contrary to CymRSV.  (+info)

The p23 protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus is indispensable for host-specific replication. (4/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) possesses a novel open reading frame (ORF) which encodes a putative 23-kDa protein (p23). We report here the in vivo detection of p23 and demonstrate its essential role in viral replication. The expression of p23 could be detected in protein extracts from transfected kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) protoplasts and in HCRSV-infected leaves. Further, direct immunoblotting of infected kenaf leaves also showed the presence of p23, and transient expression in onion and kenaf cells demonstrated that the protein is distributed throughout the cell. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that mutations introduced into the ORF of p23 abolished viral replication in kenaf protoplasts and plants but not in Chenopodium quinoa L. The loss of function of the p23 mutant M23/S33-1 could be complemented in trans upon the induced expression of p23 from an infiltrated construct bearing the ORF (pCam23). Altogether, these results demonstrate that p23 is a bona fide HCRSV protein that is expressed in vivo and suggest that p23 is indispensable for the host-specific replication of HCRSV. In addition, we show that p23 does not bind nucleic acids in vitro and does not act as a suppressor of posttranscriptional gene silencing in transgenic tobacco carrying a green fluorescent protein.  (+info)

Covariation in the capsid protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus induced by serial passaging in a host that restricts movement leads to avirulence in its systemic host. (5/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation of eight site-specific amino acids was found in the HCRSV capsid protein (CP) after serial passages in C. quinoa: Val(49)-->Ile, Ile(95)-->Val, Lys(270)-->Arg, Gly(272)-->Asp, Tyr(274)-->His, Ala(311)-->Asp, Asp(334)-->Ala, and Ala(335)-->Thr. Covariation of at least three of the eight amino acids, Val(49), Ile(95), and Lys(270), caused the virus to become avirulent in kenaf. Interestingly, the nature of the covariation was consistent and reproducible at each serial passage. These data indicate that the nonsynonymous substitutions of amino acids in the HCRSV CP after serial passages in C. quinoa are not likely to be random events but may be due to host-associated positive selection or accelerated genetic drift. The observed interdependence among the three amino acids leading to avirulence in kenaf may have implications for structural or functional relationships in this virus-host interaction.  (+info)

A transcriptionally active subgenomic promoter supports homologous crossovers in a plus-strand RNA virus. (6/44)

Genetic RNA recombination plays an important role in viral evolution, but its molecular mechanism is not well understood. In this work we describe homologous RNA recombination activity that is supported by a subgenomic promoter (sgp) region in the RNA3 segment of brome mosaic bromovirus (BMV), a tripartite plus-strand RNA virus. The crossover frequencies were determined by coinoculations with pairs of BMV RNA3 variants that carried a duplicated sgp region flanked by marker restriction sites. A region composed of the sgp core, a poly(A) tract, and an upstream enhancer supported homologous exchanges in 25% of the analyzed RNA3 progeny. However, mutations in the sgp core stopped both the transcription of the sgp RNA and homologous recombination. These data provide evidence for an association of RNA recombination with transcription.  (+info)

Structural and mutational analyses of cis-acting sequences in the 5'-untranslated region of satellite RNA of bamboo mosaic potexvirus. (7/44)

The satellite RNA of Bamboo mosaic virus (satBaMV) contains on open reading frame for a 20-kDa protein that is flanked by a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 159 nucleotides (nt) and a 3'-UTR of 129 nt. A secondary structure was predicted for the 5'-UTR of satBaMV RNA, which folds into a large stem-loop (LSL) and a small stem-loop. Enzymatic probing confirmed the existence of LSL (nt 8-138) in the 5'-UTR. The essential cis-acting sequences in the 5'-UTR required for satBaMV RNA replication were determined by deletion and substitution mutagenesis. Their replication efficiencies were analyzed in Nicotiana benthamiana protoplasts and Chenopodium quinoa plants coinoculated with helper BaMV RNA. All deletion mutants abolished the replication of satBaMV RNA, whereas mutations introduced in most of the loop regions and stems showed either no replication or a decreased replication efficiency. Mutations that affected the positive-strand satBaMV RNA accumulation also affected the accumulation of negative-strand RNA; however, the accumulation of genomic and subgenomic RNAs of BaMV were not affected. Moreover, covariation analyses of natural satBaMV variants provide substantial evidence that the secondary structure in the 5'-UTR of satBaMV is necessary for efficient replication.  (+info)

Arg-16 and Arg-21 in the N-terminal region of the triple-gene-block protein 1 of Bamboo mosaic virus are essential for virus movement. (8/44)

The protein encoded by the first gene of the triple gene block (TGBp1) of potexviruses is required for movement of the viruses. It has been reported that single Arg-->Ala substitutions at position 11, 16 or 21 of TGBp1 of Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV) eliminate its RNA-binding activity, while substitutions at position 16 or 21 only affect its NTPase activity (Liou et al., Virology 277, 336-344, 2000). However, it remains unclear whether these Arg-->Ala substitutions also affect the movement of BaMV in plants. To address this question, six mutants of BaMV, each containing either a single- or a double-alanine substitution at Arg-11, Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1, were constructed and used to infect Chenopodium quinoa and Nicotiana benthamiana. We found that all of the BaMV mutants were able to replicate in protoplasts of N. benthamiana. However, only the mutant with an Arg-11-->Ala substitution in TGBp1 remained capable of movement from cell to cell in plants. Mutants with Arg-16, Arg-21 or both Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1 replaced with alanine were defective in virus movement. This defect was suppressed when a wild-type TGBp1 allele was co-introduced into the cells using a novel satellite replicon. The ability to trans-complement the movement defect by the wild-type TGBp1 strongly suggests that the Arg-->Ala substitution at position 16 or 21 of TGBp1, which diminishes the RNA-binding and NTPase activities of TGBp1, also eliminates the capability of BaMV to move from cell to cell in host plants.  (+info)

Various fatty acids, tocopherols, carotenoids, and their respective antioxidant contributions in 7 amaranth seed and 11 quinoa seed samples along with a new evaluation method are reported. The lipid yield was 6.98-7.22% in amaranth seeds and 6.03-6.74% in quinoa seeds, with unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) being the predominant fatty acids, 71.58-72.44% in amaranth seeds and 81.44-84.49% in quinoa seeds, respectively. Carotenoids, mainly lutein and zeaxanthin, are confirmed for the first time in amaranth seeds, while β-carotene is reported first in quinoa seeds. The predominant tocopherols in amaranth seeds are δ- and α-tocopherol, whereas γ- and α-tocopherol are the primary tocopherols in quinoa seeds. UFAs, carotenoids, and tocopherols showed good correlation with antioxidant activity. All of the amaranth seeds demonstrated lower overall lipophilic quality than quinoa seeds, with the AS1 and QS10 cultivars providing the highest scores for amaranth and quinoa seeds, respectively. Results ...
References. Ashkenazi, V., E. Chani, U. Lavi, D. Levy, J. Hillel, and E. Veilleux. (2001). Development of microsatellite markers in potato and their use in phylogenetic and fingerprinting analyses. Genome 44:50-62. [ Links ] Bazile D. (2014). Quinua, a model crop to examine the dynamics of biodiversity within agricultural systems. Biodiversity, Issue 15.1:3-4. [ Links ] Biasutti C.A, F. Casanoves, and D.A. Peiretti. 2000. Response to different adaptative mass selection criteria in a maize exotic population. Maydica 45:89-90. [ Links ] Botstein, D., R. White, H. Sholmick, and S.R. Davu. 1980. Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphism. American Journal of Human Genetics 32:314-331. [ Links ] Butcher P, and S. Southerton. 2007. Marker-assisted selection in forestry species. In Marker-assisted selection - Current status and future perspectives in crops, livestock, forestry and fish. Roma: FAO; pp. 284-296. [ Links ] Christensen, S., D. Pratt, and C. ...
The use of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is of great nutritional interest because of their peculiar composition and the minor components present in these grains. In addition to being one of the important energy sources due to their starch content, these pseudocereals provide good quality protein, dietary fibre and lipids rich in unsaturated fatty acids. Also contain adequate levels of minerals, vitamins, and significant amounts of other bioactive components such as saponins, phytosterols, squalene, fagopyritols and polyphenols. Amaranth and quinoa are also gluten-free grains. This composition and nutritional facts describes their potential for functional properties (as supplements or common cereal replacers) and for human health, particularly for certain consumers such as the elderly, children, high-performance athletes, diabetics, celiacs, and people who are gluten or lactose intolerant among others. A review of the main aspects of amaranth and quinoa, and
Chenopodium quinoa Willd., a high quality grain crop, is resistant to abiotic stresses (drought, cold and salt) and offers an optimal source of protein. Quinoa represents a symbol of crop genetic diversity across the Andean region. In recent years, this crop has undergone a major expansion outside its countries of origin. The activities carried out within the framework of the International Year of Quinoa provided a great contribution to raise awareness on the multiple benefits of quinoa as well as to its wider cultivation at the global level. FAO is actively involved in promoting and evaluating the cultivation of quinoa in 26 countries outside the Andean region with the aim to strengthen food and nutrition security.The main goal of this research is to evaluate the adaptability of selected quinoa genotypes under different environments outside the Andean region. This paper presents the preliminary results from nine countries. Field evaluations were conducted during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 in Asia
Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) is a highly nutritious grain identified as an important crop to improve world food security. Unfortunately, few resources are available to facilitate its genetic improvement. Here we report the assembly of a high-quality, chromosome-scale reference genome sequence for quinoa, which was produced using single-molecule real-time sequencing in combination with optical, chromosome-contact and genetic maps. We also report the sequencing of two diploids from the ancestral gene pools of quinoa, which enables the identification of sub-genomes in quinoa, and reduced-coverage genome sequences for 22 other samples of the allotetraploid goosefoot complex. The genome sequence facilitated the identification of the transcription factor likely to control the production of anti-nutritional triterpenoid saponins found in quinoa seeds, including a mutation that appears to cause alternative splicing and a premature stop codon in sweet quinoa strains. These genomic resources are an ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. This is largely due its superb nutritional value, consisting of protein that is rich in essential amino acids along with vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) and parents developed through hybridization between highland (0654) and coastal (NL-6) germplasm groups. The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. A vast amount of genetic variation was detected among the 72 lines evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits. Impressive transgressive segregation was measured for seed yield (22.42 g/plant)
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. It is however treated as a grain in cooking. The grains are small yellow flattened spheres, approximately 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter. When cooked, the germ coils into a small tail that lends a pleasant crunch. The leaves of the plant can also be eaten raw in salads or cooked like spinach.. One of the worlds most perfect foods, it has been consumed for thousands of years in South America. Its small nutritious seeds resemble millet and is very versatile to a variety of cooking styles, inviting seasonings from mild to wild. Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing.. Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. A gluten-free product, it is suitable for anyone afflicted by wheat allergies. Quinoa can be eaten as hot breakfast cereal; an infant cereal; a rice ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Niacinamide: reduces hyperpigmentation, increases collagen production, and reduces excess dermal glycosaminoglycans, improve skins protective barrier.. Argania Active Complex: provides deep hydration, nourishment and restoration of full-fledged skin functions.. Argan Stem cells: protect and revitalizes dermal stem cells.. Hyaluronic acid: improves and maintains tissue turgor, elasticity and hydration.. Chenopodium Quinoa Seed Extract: restores skin barrier function and is a rich source of vitamins C & E.. Ceramide complex: deep moisturizer.. Adipoless: fades dark circles in 28 days. Protects capillaries against environmental aggression and the consequences of stress and tiredness. Limits the formulation of new blood vessels, keeps skin and vascular structures in tact. Clinically proven to reduce intensity of dark circles by 90%.. Eyeliss: Fights under-eye bags, and smoothes the appearance of fine lines by firming and toning the skin.. ...
If you see some parts of quinoa in your poop-like the white curls-its likely not an issue of poor digestion. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). And black quinoa needs about 5 to 6 more minutes than white quinoa does. The bile helps breakdown fats so that the body can absorb them. You can avoid them by drinking from clean water sources. The presence of black specks in stool or when wiping is usually due to one of two causes: something you ate or bleeding in the GI tract. stock photo 166519384 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high … An EGD involves using a special instrument with a thin, lighted camera on the end inserted into the mouth to view the upper GI tract. But its not just bananas- any food with a lot of fiber can cause dark spots to appear in your poop. Pain/numbness sensations on Left side of Body. The earlier your doctor diagnoses and treats GI bleeding, the less likely it is to cause severe symptoms. Well explain why this happens and what it means ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN incorporation is incomplete. Since the user interface forces a species-by-species check (no tabular output) its difficult to determine how many counts are available in this dataset (maybe someone from MBG can comment). A check of the Kew DNA database at: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 species of the genus) Anybody know of any other sources of plant chromosome count info on line? This demonstrates the tendency to put data of local disciplinary interest (type specimens) on line while ignoring systematic data that might have a broader application. , Date: Mon, 22 Feb 1999 16:40:58 +1200 , Reply-to: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , From: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , Subject: Chromosome numbers in plants -Reply , To: Multiple recipients of list TAXACOM , ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) er en vekst fra Sør-Amerika hvis frø kan spises, og er et alternativ til ris og poteter. Quinoa har fra gammel tid vært viktig i Andesbefolkningens mat, blant annet i inkatiden. Den er fremdeles i dag en av de viktigste vekstene i Andesregionen. Quinoa har høy ernæringsmessig verdi. Det er en nøysom vekst som stiller små krav til vann og næring. Planten har et høyt innhold av de essensielle aminosyrene lysin, metionin og treonin som det er lite av i korn og belgvekster. Den inneholder ikke gluten. Verdens helseorganisasjon regner aminosyresammensetningen som fullgod med proteinene i melk. 2013 ble av FNs generalforsamling kåret til det internasjonale quinoa-året. ...
Authors: ERTUĞRUL SESLİ, KARE LİİMATAİNEN Abstract: Cortinarius conicoumbonatus is described as new to science based on the material collected from spruce-beech forests of Maçka, Trabzon, Turkey. The new species belongs to subgenus Telamonia section Hinnulei. A full description, in situ and micromorphological illustrations, a phylogenetic tree, and a short discussion are provided. Keywords: Agaricales, mushroom phylogeny Full Text: PDF ...
The quinoa seed is high in protein, calcium and iron, a relatively good source of vitamin E and several of the B vitamins. It contains an almost perfect balance of all eight essential amino acids needed for tissue development in humans. It is exceptionally high in lysine, cystine and methionine-amino acids typically low in other grains. It is a good complement for legumes, which are often low in methionine and cystine. The protein in quinoa is considered to be a complete protein due to the presence of all 8 essential amino acids. Some types of wheat come close to matching quinoas protein content, but grains such as barley, corn, and rice generally have less than half the protein of quinoa. Quinoa is 12% to 18% protein and four ounces a day, about 1/2-cup, will provide a childs protein needs for one day. The 6-7% fat of quinoa is relatively high when compared to other grains, but it boasts a low sodium content and also provides valuable starch and fiber. Quinoa also contains albumen, a protein ...
Our quinoa harvest dried down quite nicely and it was time to get our thresh on. The goal? Separate the quinoa seeds from the stalks. He...
Quinoa seed benefits are many, and this article elucidates all that in very informative way. It also teaches us how to prepare basic quinoa foods.
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Deleterious mutation accumulation has been implicated in many biological phenomena and as a potentially significant threat to human health and the persistence of small populations. The vast majority of mutations with effects on fitness are known to be deleterious in a given environment, and their accumulation results in mean population fitness decline. However, whether populations are capable of recovering from negative effects of prolonged genetic bottlenecks via beneficial or compensatory mutation accumulation has not previously been tested. To address this question, long-term mutation-accumulation lines of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, previously propagated as single individuals each generation, were maintained in large population sizes under competitive conditions. Fitness assays of these lines and comparison to parallel mutation-accumulation lines and the ancestral control show that, while the process of fitness restoration was incomplete for some lines, full recovery of mean fitness ...
EN] Two small viral proteins (DGBp1 and DGBp2) have been proposed to act in a concerted manner to aid intra- and intercellular trafficking of carmoviruses though the distribution of functions and mode of action of each protein partner are not yet clear. Here we have confirmed the requirement of the DGBps of Pelargonium flower break virus (PFBV), p7 and p12, for pathogen movement Studies focused on p12 have shown that it associates to cellular membranes, which is in accordance to its hydrophobic profile and to that reported for several homologs. However, peculiarities that distinguish p12 from other DGBp52 have been found. Firstly, it contains a leucine zipper-like motif which is essential for virus infectivity in plants. Secondly, it has an unusually long and basic N-terminal region that confers RNA binding activity. The results suggest that PFBV p12 may differ mechanistically from related proteins and possible roles of PFBV DGBps are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
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Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and chia (Salvia hispanica), known today as Ancient Grains, have provided humanity with essential nutrients and energy for centuries. The grains have unique techno-functional, nutritional and health properties due to their high content in omega-3-rich oil, proteins of high biological value, high proportion of minerals, dietary fibre and bioactive compounds. The EFSA delivered its opinion in favor of the marketing of chia and inclusion in bakery products since 2009 in EU, later in 2013 its use was extended to more food and from 2014 the marketing its oil rich in omega-3 has been approved (perhaps the greatest vegetable source). Moreover, due to the high nutritional value of quinoa FAO considers this crop with great potential to contribute to global food security, and declared 2013 the International Year of Quinoa.. One way to gain greater acceptance in the Spanish or European diet is to develop convenience/processed food with the aforementioned products or their ...
Bloor PA, Barker FS, Watts PC and Noyes HA (2001). Microsatellite Libraries by Enrichment. Available at [http://www.genomics.liv.ac.uk/animal/MICROSAT.PDF]. Accessed September 22, 2010. Bores GM, Huger FP, Petko W, Mutlib AE, et al. (1996). Pharmacological evaluation of novel Alzheimers disease therapeutics: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors related to galanthamine. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 277: 728-738. PMid:8627552 Doyle JJ and Doyle JL (1987). A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem Bull. 19: 11-15. Ellegren H (2004). Microsatellites: simple sequences with complex evolution. Nat. Rev. Genet. 5: 435-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1348 PMid:15153996 Harvey AL (1995). The pharmacology of galanthamine and its analogues. Pharmacol. Ther. 68: 113-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7258(95)02002-0 Jarvis DE, Kopp OR, Jellen EN, Mallory MA, et al. (2008). Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ...
Listed beneath are vet diet dog food reviews super meals that help strengthen and construct your immune system. Super Athlete or Wonder Girl, you have to to regulate your weight loss program and way of life to accommodate this modification. The numerous causes can embrace wanting to maintain up a healthy life-fashion, to keeping up with the most recent deit look. Indirectly it additionally helps stop the formation of sykehusdietten stones and gall stones by necessitating lot of water consumption due to fiber mineral magnesium in quinoa seeds relaxes blood vessels which is useful in fighting migraine and hyper rigidity. Likelihood is youll ask how are you going to guantee that the burden loss plan you might be about to make is the appropriate one which may be just best for dieter knaus. Along with, the straightforward vet diet dog food reviews of aligning the backbone aides inside the absorption of mandatory vitamins. Get uncovered. Brief-time interval food are by no means an prolonged-time ...
From population genetics theory, elevating the mutation rate of a large population should progressively reduce average fitness. If the fitness decline is large enough, the population will go extinct in a process known as lethal mutagenesis. Lethal mutagenesis has been endorsed in the virology literature as a promising approach to viral treatment, and several in vitro studies have forced viral extinction with high doses of mutagenic drugs. Yet only one empirical study has tested the genetic models underlying lethal mutagenesis, and the theory failed on even a qualitative level. Here we provide a new level of analysis of lethal mutagenesis by developing and evaluating models specifically tailored to empirical systems that may be used to test the theory. We first quantify a bias in the estimation of a critical parameter and consider whether that bias underlies the previously observed lack of concordance between theory and experiment. We then consider a seemingly ideal protocol that avoids this ...
Throughout history species has gone extinct due to anthropogenic activities. During the last century efforts have been done to reintroduce species back into the wild. Zoos that originally were created as amusement parks for people have today a new purpose; to keep and breed species in captivity for later reintroductions in the wild. However a relaxed environment such as a zoo leads to a general fitness decline of up to 40% per generation in captivity. The probability of a successful reintroduction of a species that has been bred in a zoo will be lower the longer time it has been kept in captivity. The reintroduction of a captive bred species can also cause secondary extinctions and other negative effects on the food-web. Both changes in the community caused by the loss of a species and changes in the species itself caused by captivity can be expected to affect the outcome of a reintroduction attempt. Using a modeling approach I here investigate how the reintroduction of a captive bred species ...
Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) is a member of the genus Carmovirus in the family Tombusviridae. In order to study its coat protein (CP) functions on virus replication and movement in kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), two HCRSV mutants, designated as p2590 (A to G) in which the first start codon ATG was replaced with GTG and p2776 (C to G) in which proline 63 was replaced with alanine, were constructed. In vitro transcripts of p2590 (A to G) were able to replicate to a similar level as wild type without CP expression in kenaf protoplasts. However, its cell-to-cell movement was not detected in the inoculated kenaf cotyledons. Structurally the proline 63 in subunit C acts as a kink for β-annulus formation during virion assembly. Progeny of transcripts derived from p2776 (C to G) was able to move from cell-to-cell in inoculated cotyledons but its long-distance movement was not detected. Virions were not observed in partially purified mutant virus samples isolated from 2776 (C to G) ...
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Read Complete nucleotide sequence of a new variant of grapevine fanleaf virus from northeastern China, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Sensitivity to gluten results in a wide spectrum of manifestations triggered by ingestion of the gluten-containing grains such as wheat, barley and rye. Celiac Disease, also known as gluten sensitivity enteropathy , is characterized by inflammation of the small -intestinal mucosa that results from a genetically based immunologic intolerance to ingested gluten. Rising demands for gluten free products parallels the increase in celiac disease .Humans have many options when it comes to fueling their bodies, but the benefits of some options are so nutritious that they are labeled as Superfoods. The new emerging super food quinoa (chenopodium quinoa) was the international food of the year 2013 and it is a staple food got originated in the Andean region of South America. It is a pseudo cereal rather than a true cereal, as it is not a member of the true grass family. It is a small seed which look like a cross between sesame seeds and millets. It has exceptionally high protein containing balanced set ...
A virus with isometric virus particles (ca. 25 nm) was isolated from an apple tree and named Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV). Virus particles purified from infected Chenopodium quinoa formed two bands with densities of 1·41 and 1·43 g/cm3 in CsCl equilibrium density-gradient centrifugation, indicating that the virus is composed of two components. The virus had two ssRNA species (RNA1 and RNA2) and three capsid proteins (Vp25, Vp24 and Vp20). The complete nucleotide sequences of RNA1 and RNA2 were determined to be 6815 nt and 3384 nt excluding the 3′ poly(A) tail, respectively. RNA1 contains two partially overlapping ORFs encoding polypeptides of molecular mass 23 kDa (23K; ORF1) and 235 kDa (235K; ORF2); RNA2 has a single ORF encoding a polypeptide of 108 kDa (108K). The 235K protein has, in order, consensus motifs of the protease cofactor, the NTP-binding helicase, the cysteine protease and the RNA polymerase, in good agreement with the gene arrangement of viruses in the Comoviridae. The
Chenopodium acuminatum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Chenopodium murale is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.
American hop latent virus is distinct from the two other carlaviruses known to occur in hop, hop mosaic and hop latent; it is only very distantly related to them serologically, has a wider host range, and differs from them in causing obvious symptoms in several species, notably Datura stramonium and Chenopodium quinoa, both of which are immune to hop latent virus and sustain only symptomless local infection by hop mosaic virus. Symptoms caused by the latter two viruses in herbaceous hosts are too mild for diagnosis, and identification of all three viruses, which can occur together in hop, is best done by serology. ...
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
Summary: Study presentedin this PhD thesis focusedon the molecularbasis of flowering inductionin a short-dayplantChenopodiumrubrum.We lookedfor respectivehomologsof CONSTANS (CO), FLOWERING LOCUS T (FZ) and LEAFT (LFI) genes,which act as crucialregulatorsin thephotoperiod-dependentsignalpathvtayinArabidopsisthaliana. We identifiedtwoFT-like (FTL) genesCTFTL, aCTFTL2 ditreringin theirexpression pattemsin tefraploidC. rubrun. CTFTLI showedrhythmicexpressionpeakingin midday. ElevatedexpressionoÍCrFTL, wascorrelatedwithfloweringunderpermissivephotoperiodic treatnents,whereasit was not expressedat all undernon inductivephotoperiďic regimes CrFTL2 showedconstitutiveexpression.CrFTL, verylikely playsa Íoleas a floral inducer, butthefunctionof CTFTL2remarnsunknown. Two CO-lil&e (COZ) genes CTCOLI a CTCOL2 identified inC. rubrum are altemativelysplicedandproducetwovariantsoftranscripts.Oneofthem wasstandardwith oneintronlocatedin conservativesite,theotheronehadanadditionalintronconespondingto ...
This tag should be used on existing categories that are likely to be used by others, even though the real category is elsewhere. Redirected categories should be empty and not categorised themselves. It should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people. Such categories should be tagged as ...
The genes of plants can be up- or down-regulated during viral infection to influence the replication of viruses. Identification of these differentially expressed genes could shed light on the defense systems employed by plants and the mechanisms involved in the adaption of viruses to plant cells. Differential gene expression in Nicotiana benthamiana plants in response to infection with Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV) was revealed using cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Following inoculation with BaMV, N. benthamiana displayed differential gene expression in response to the infection. Isolation, cloning, and sequencing analysis using cDNA-AFLP furnished 90 cDNA fragments with eight pairs of selective primers. Fifteen randomly selected genes were used for a combined virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) knockdown experiment, using BaMV infection to investigate the roles played by these genes during viral infection, specifically addressing the means by which these genes influence the
Virus-like particle (VLP) platform represents a promising approach for the generation of efficient and immunogenic subunit vaccines. Here, the feasibility of using grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) VLPs as a new carrier for the presentation of human papillomavirus (HPV) L2 epitope was studied. To achieve this goal, a model of the HPV L2 epitope secondary structure was predicted and its insertion within 5 external loops in the GFLV capsid protein (CP) was evaluated. The epitope sequence was genetically inserted in the αB-αB
Protein Feature View Expand: Reference Sequence; Experimental Data & Validation. Local infections are produced on mechanically inoculated Chenopodium quinoa, C. amaranticolor, and N. clevelandii. The members of the genus are all bipartite soil-borne viruses transmitted by the plasmodiophorid Polymyxa graminis to graminaceous plants (monocots). Resistance to SBCMV is controlled by a single locus Sbm on 5DL chromosome. Over-expression experiments using fluorescent protein tagged CWMV replicase showed that it localized to membrane-associated inclusions leading to the hypothesis that virus replication might occur on these host membranes. Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; Resolution: 1.92 Å; Aggregation State: HELICAL ARRAY ; Reconstruction Method: HELICAL ; … Additionally, twenty-seven unassigned species in the family Virgaviridae have been recognized and include only two plant-infecting viruses: Cucumis melo virga-like virus and Soil-borne barley mosaic virus. You may not use this work for commercial ...
The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the closely related spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico - and pseudocereals. These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender shoots and leaves of a species called krouvida (κρουβίδα) or psarovlito (ψαρόβλητο) are eaten by the locals, boiled or steamed. As studied by Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex, and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe. Members of the eastern Yamnaya culture also harvested white goosefoot as an apparent cereal substitute to round out an otherwise mostly meat and dairy diet c. 3500-2500 BCE. There is ...
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Determination of Anti-schistosomal Finger Profiles of Chenopodium ambrosoide Crude Extracts in BALB/c Mice Using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
Thrips-transmitted Iris yellow spot virus (genus Tospovirus, family Bunyaviridae) is an economically important pathogen of onion bulb and seed crops in the USA and other parts of the world (2,4). Studies on biological characteristics of the virus have been limited due to difficulties in obtaining consistent and reproducible mechanical transmission and lack of indicator hosts. The existence of strains of IYSV is not known though differences in symptomatology, disease severity, and yield losses could be attributed to the presence of different IYSV strains. To better understand the biological diversity of IYSV, several plant species were evaluated for their response to mechanical inoculation with IYSV under controlled greenhouse conditions. Seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana COL 1, Capsicum annuum (Serrano pepper), Cerastium glomeratum (mouse ear chickweed), Chenopodium quinoa, Datura innooxia, D. ferox, D. stramonium, Nicotiana benthamiana, N. tabacum, Solanum melongena (egg plant), and Vigna ...
According to Davis, the plant genus Chenopodium includes the cultivated species, quinoa, and at least one problematic weed, lambsquarters, along with several other wild species in Northern New England and about 150 wild species worldwide. So far, researchers have documented the existence of four wild/weedy Chenopodium species in Northern New England, including the familiar lambsquarters as well as three others.. One of these, Chenopodium berlandieri, currently appears to be the most suitable breeding partner for quinoa. They also have confirmed that several existing, commercial quinoa varieties are challenging to grow successfully as a crop in Durham, and that the fungal disease downy mildew is one of the quinoa production challenges to be overcome by breeding.. Existing quinoa varieties are adapted to regions with less humid fall seasons, and do not mature well here. However, some of quinoas weedy relatives are very successful and well-adapted as weeds in Northern New England, Davis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Novel arabinan and galactan oligosaccharides from dicotyledonous plants. AU - Wefers, Daniel. AU - Tyl, Catrin E.. AU - Bunzel, Mirko. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Arabinans and galactans are neutral pectic side chains and an important part of the cell walls of dicotyledonous plants. To get a detailed insight into their fine structure, various oligosaccharides were isolated from quinoa, potato galactan, and sugar beet pulp after enzymatic treatment. LC-MS2 and one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy were used for unambiguous structural characterization. It was demonstrated that arabinans contain β-(1→3)-linked arabinobiose as a side chain in quinoa seeds, while potato galactan was comprised of β-(1→4)-linked galactopyranoses which are interspersed with α-(1→4)-linked arabinopyranoses. Additionally, an oligosaccharide with two adjacent arabinofuranose units O2-substituted with two ferulic acid monomers was characterized. The isolated oligosaccharides gave further insight ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
Considered a leafy vegetable, its actually a weed that grows in waste places and with other cultivated crops. It is found throughout the tropical regions.
A new pelargonium plant particularly distinguished by red flowers, an upright and compact growth habit, and strong branching, is disclosed.
Pelargonium helps improve respiratory comfort by supporting healthy sinus, nasal and bronchial functions, and it can help reduce the extent of manifestations.
Quinoa Quinoa is an ancient food that is not yet well known in North America. It has been cultivated in South American since at least 3,000 B.C. It is a genus Chenopodium, belongs to familyAmaranthaceae, a grain-like crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. Nutritional supplements 1. Carbohydrates 2. Starch 3. Dietary fiber 4. Fat …. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
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If you have questions, need help, find a bug or just want to give us feedback you may use this form, or contact us per e-mail [email protected] or by phone 46 (0)31-772 3744. ...
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A project plan is more than just a Gantt chart, but do you know what you must have in your plan? This article takes you through the ten essential elements.
areria, Phaseolus sp., Chenopodium quinoa var. quinoa, C. quinoa cf. var. melanospermum, Amaranthus sp.; Pozancón 1: Solanum cf ... Culitivated plants included: Maize (Zea mays), Madi (Madia chilensis), Quinoa (Chenopodium quinua), Sunflower (Helianthus sp. ... Ipomea/Manihot.; Casa del Sol 8: Zea mays.; El Alto 3: Polylepis autralis, Maytenus boaria.; Quebrada del Real 1: Chenopodium ... Lithraea molloides.; C.Pun.39: Prosopis sp., Chenopodium/Amaranthus sp., Zea mays, P. vulgaris, P. lunatis, Cucurbita sp.; Río ...
Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa 19. Spelt Triticum spelta 20. Teff Eragrostis tef 21. Wild rice Zizania Compared to vegetables, these ...
Greentop, and Chenopodium quinoa. P. vulgaris develops chlorotic rings 4-5 days post inoculation on the primary leaf site, ... Chenopodium quinoa, Cucumis sativus, Glycine max, Gomphrena globosa, Nicotiana clevelandii, Nicotiana glutinosa, Nicotiana ... C. quinoa displays severe tip necrosis 10-12 days post inoculation without systemic infection. Indexing of the disease occurs ... The virus has been transmitted to numerous diagnostically susceptible host species including Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium ...
February 2017). "The genome of Chenopodium quinoa". Nature. 542 (7641): 307-312. Bibcode:2017Natur.542..307J. doi:10.1038/ ...
Corn (Zea†) Quinoa (Chenopodium) Several (though not all) species of amaranth (Amaranthus) Some species of wild rice (Zizania) ... "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Chenopodium quinoa". Retrieved 2 January 2017. "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Amaranthus cruentus". Retrieved 8 ...
... (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch James LE (2009). "Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties". ... "European Quinoa Group". www.quinoaeurope.eu. Retrieved 2015-12-27.. *^ Pret A Manger - The journey of our British quinoa, ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ...
... and Chenopodium quinoa, or quinoa, due to their ability to survive in the high altitudes of the Andes. Quinoa has grown popular ... "The Worldwide Potential for Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)." Food Reviews International 19.1-2 (2003): 167-177. Popenoe, ... Quinoa, a staple plant of the Incas, was used in various ways. The leaves were often used for stews and soups. Quinoa was also ... Species of the Chenopodium family in the Inca cuisine were Chenopodium pallidicaule, also known as cañihua, ...
This species is known to attack quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). funet.fi v t e. ...
This species is known to attack quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Meyrick, Edward (1917). "Descriptions of South American Micro- ...
Other susceptible hosts used for diagnosis include Chenopodium quinoa Willd., sunflower (Helianthus annus), and Momordica ...
Ruales, J; Nair, BM (1992). "Nutritional quality of the protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds". Plant Foods for ... Ruales, J; de Grijalva, Y; Lopez-Jaramillo, P; Nair, BM (2002). "The nutritional quality of an infant food from quinoa and its ... "Food Composition Databases Show Foods -- Food Composition Databases Show Foods -- Full Report (All Nutrients): 20035, Quinoa, ...
"Nutritional quality of the protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds." Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1992 Jan;42(1):1-11.[1 ... 84 Quinoa: 83 Rice: 83 Defatted soy flour: 81 Fish: 76 Beef: 74.3 Immature bean: 65 Full-fat soy flour: 64 Soybean curd (tofu ...
N. benthamiana, N. rustica, N. tabacum), Chenopodium quinoa, and Datura stramonium. The virus has been shown to primarily ...
Could deficit irrigation be a sustainable practice for quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) in the Southern Bolivian Altiplano? ... Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. '). Eur. J. Agron. 28, 427-436. Spreer ... Chenopodium quinoa Willd. ) in response to drought stress. Field Crop. Res. 108, 150-156. Hsiao, T.C., (1973). Plant Responses ... Geerts, S., Raes, D., Garcia, M., Mendoza, J., Huanca, R., (2008). Indicators to quantify the flexible phenology of quinoa ( ...
... grasses and herbs such as Chenopodium petiolare and grain quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Growth and yield of these plants are ...
Chenopodium quinoa - Chenopodiaceae Important source of human food - next to the cereals. The term pulse is used for the seeds ...
Vacher, J. J. (1998). "Responses of two main Andean crops, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) and papa amarga (Solanum ... Only hearty crops like tubers and grains such as quinoa can grow in this area, and even then they are not extremely successful ...
In host range studies, the virus causes local lesions on Chenopodium quinoa and C. amaraticolor (Amaranthaceae). "About Plant ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Neotropic terrestrial ecoregionsEdit. Neotropic Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests * ...
Methanolic extract of S. ulvoidea has been shown to inhibit Potato virus X (PXV) on lesions of Chenopodium quinoa. Postels, A ...
It is also one of three primary triterpenoids extracted from the Chenopodium quinoa plant categorized by the EPA as a ... Saponins of Chenopodium quinoa. Zhou, D; Jin, H; Lin, HB; Yang, XM; Cheng, YF; Deng, FJ; Xu, JP (2010). "Antidepressant effect ...
Chenopodium quinoa Willd.. Quinoa. Chenopodiaceae. Alopolyploidno porijeklo. Upitno. Neizvjesno. Poliploid (tetraploid). -. ...
The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium ...
Food species comprise Spinach (Spinacia oleracea), Good King Henry (Blitum bonus-henricus), several Chenopodium species (Quinoa ... Chenopodium bonus-henricus) Blitum virgatum - leafy goosefoot (Syn. Chenopodium foliosum) Tribus Atripliceae C. A. Mey. (Syn. ... Chenopodium glaucum L.) Oxybasis rubra (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch - Red Goosefoot (Syn. Chenopodium rubrum L.) ... Chenopodium murale L.) Chenopodiastrum simplex (Torrey) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch - Maple-leaf goosefoot (Syn.: Chenopodium ...
Chenopodium amaranticolor, Chenopodium capitatum, Chenopodium quinoa, Gomphrena globosa, Tetragonia tetragonioides. ... Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa, Tetragonia tetragonioides. The virus can be best detected in leaves, stems, roots, and ... separated from the others because its host range is limited and it causes only necrotic local lesions in Chenopodium quinoa and ... rapa Capsicum frutescens Celosia cristata Chenopodium murale Cucumis sativus Cucurbita pepo Datura stramonium Daucus carota ...
However, it can experimentally infect a number of other dicots including Chenopodium amaranticolor, Chenopodium quinoa, ...
... the genus including the crop plant quinoa. This pathogen causes white rust or white blister of spinach. It is unrelated to the ... although the oomycete has also been reported to affect plants of the genus Chenopodium, ...
... (Quechua kinwa a plant (Chenopodium quinoa), mayu river, Hispanicized spelling Ccuenhuamayo) is a river in Peru ...
The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium ... Archiatriplex, Atriplex, Axyris, Baolia, Blitum, Ceratocarpus, Chenopodiastrum, Chenopodium, Cycloloma, Dysphania, Exomis, ...
Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. P. Uotila (2011). «Chenopodium». Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). - In: Euro+Med Plantbase ... Mest kjent er den søramerikanske quinoa. Systematikk[rediger , rediger kilde]. Denne gruppen ble i eldre systematikk regnet til ... en) Kategori:Chenopodium - bilder, video eller lyd på Wikimedia Commons. *(en) Chenopodium - galleri av bilder, video eller lyd ... Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. A.P. Sukhorukov og M. Zhang (2013). «Fruit and seed anatomy of Chenopodium and related genera ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a species of goosefoot (Chenopodium ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chenopodium quinoa.. https://www.nasimahealth.com/is-quinoa-keto/ Archived 2020-06-10 at ... Quinoa greens are not widely available for purchase. Quinoa gives high quality protein and other nutrients. It has been called ... Quinoa is not a real cereal, or grain, but more of a vegetable, as it is not a member of the grass family. As a chenopod, ...
... (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch, James L. E. (2009). Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ... a b c d e Cinthya Verastegui Effel, 'Implications of the Quinoa Boom on the Farmers' Income: How do changes in the quinoa ...
These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender ... a b c d e f g Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Pertti Uotila, Thomas Borsch: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium ... Chenopodium acuminatum Willd.. *Chenopodium album - white goosefoot, nickel greens, dungweed, bathua, chandali, chandaliya, fat ... Quinoa oil, extracted from the seeds of C. quinoa, has similar properties, but is superior in quality, to corn oil. Oil of ...
"Quinoa: A Potential New Oil Crop". Purdue University. 1993. "Anise". Purdue University. 6 December 1997. "List of Existing Food ... Chenopodium ambrosioides) Epsom salts - mineral salt, acidity regulator, firming agent Erythorbic acid - antioxidant ... Pulegone Purslane - Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) - Quatre épices - Quillaia extract - humectant Quinoa oil - similar ...
saccharifera (sugarbeet), Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile), Chenopodium (Goosefoot), Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa), ...
... and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking. ... Mosyakin, Sergei L.; Clemants, Steven E. (1996). "New Infrageneric Taxa and Combinations in Chenopodium L. (Chenopodiaceae)". ...
... belongs to the same genus as quinoa or Chenopodium album. Many species of this genus have a long history ... "Heritabilities of morphological and quality traits and interrelationships with yield in quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) ... The commercial cultivation of Chenopodium giganteum is nearly inexistent. But because of its stable and high yield Chenopodium ... Chenopodium giganteum, also known as tree spinach, is an annual, upright many-branched shrub with a stem diameter of up to 5 cm ...
Chenopodium quinoa - quinoa (western Andes of South America) Cichorium endivia - endive, including escarole Cichorium intybus ...
Special research into the botanical remains of the Lazo "cueva" (cave) "La Quinoa nel Mondo Andino" ( Chenopodium Quinoa, Wild ...
However, chicha is also made from a variety of other cultigens and wild plants, including, among others, quinoa (Chenopodium ... Some add quinoa or other adjuncts to give it consistency; then it is boiled. During the boiling process, the chicha is stirred ... quinia), kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule), peanut, manioc (also called yuca or cassava), palm fruit, potato, oca (Oxalis ...
... is a vegetable oil extracted from germ of the Chenopodium quinoa, an Andean cereal and has been cultivated since at ... Quinoa oil has also been used in eczema treatments. Quinoa oil is produced from the cold pressing of the quinoa seed. The yield ... Although, quinoa oil contains more essential fatty acids than corn oil. Quinoa yields an average of 5.8% oil by weight, ... Ogungbenle, H. N. (2003). "Nutritional evaluation and functional properties of quinoa (Chenopodium". International Journal of ...
Chenopodium sp., chenopods, used for seeds but leaves are edible at all stages. Clintonia borealis, 'yellow bead-lily', young ... The seeds of the amaranth and chenopod plants were similar to the modern use of quinoa, to which they are closely related. ... Crops included starchy, grain-like seeds of little barley, maygrass, goosefoot (similar to quinoa) and erect knotweed, although ... Celtis occidentalis, 'hackberry' Chenopodium berlandieri, 'goosefoot' (formerly cultivated) Comptonia peregrina, 'sweetfern' ...
... chenopodium album MeSH B06.388.100.200.599.750 - chenopodium ambrosioides MeSH B06.388.100.200.599.875 - chenopodium quinoa ...
... quinoa, has similar properties, but is superior in quality, to corn oil.[citation needed] Oil of chenopodium is extracted from ... and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender shoots and leaves of a species called krouvida (κρουβίδα) or ... like Chenopodium in tribe Atripliceae). They included Rhagodia and Einadia in Chenopodium. Blitum (12 species): Blitum bonus- ... The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), working with the Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) in Peru Banana (Musa species) from the East ...
Chenopodium ficifolium, Chenopodium hybridum, Chenopodium murale, Chenopodium quinoa and Halimione portulacoides. The young ... The larvae feed on Atriplex laciniata, Atriplex patula, Atriplex prostrata, Atriplex tatarica, Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium album ...
Chenopodium murale, Chenopodium opulifolium, Chenopodium polyspermum, Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodium urbicum and Chenopodium ... Chenopodium species (including Chenopodium album, Chenopodium bonus-henricus, Chenopodium giganteum, Chenopodium glaucum, ...
The Plant List link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (Source: KewGarden WCSP). *Tropicos link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (+ sub-taxa) ... Pages in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. ... Media in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. ... Chenopodium quinoa -red faro- MHNT.BOT.2007.43.66.jpg 4,656 × 3,372; 5.8 MB. ...
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Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) is a highly nutritious grain identified as an important crop to improve world food security. ... The genome of Chenopodium quinoa. Jarvis, D.E.; Shwen Ho, Yung; Lightfoot, Damien J.; Schmöckel, Sandra M.; Li, Bo; Borm, T.J.A ... We also report the sequencing of two diploids from the ancestral gene pools of quinoa, which enables the identification of sub- ... Here we report the assembly of a high-quality, chromosome-scale reference genome sequence for quinoa, which was produced using ...
Quinoa ~ Botanical Name: Chenopodium quinoa. Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather ... golden spade plant the first quinoa seeds of the season. At the solstice, priests bearing golden vessels filled with quinoa ... Once cooked, quinoa is delicious and extremely versatile; it may be used in the place of almost any other grain, including rice ... Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during ...
"Nutritional value and use of the Andean crops quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule)." Food reviews ... "Chemical and nutritional characterization of Chenopodium pallidicaule (cañihua) and Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) seeds." ... "Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ... "Cultivation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) under temperate climatic conditions in Denmark." The Journal of Agricultural Science ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is an important crop in South America because of its high nutritional value and tolerance to ... Currently, the cultivation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) at Peru does not have studies related to the reaction of Meloidogyne ... Vargas D. E., Boada, M., Araca, L., Vargas, W. & Vargas, R. (2015). Agrobiodiversity and economy of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ... Navruz-Varli, S., & Sanlier, N. (2016). Nutritional and health benefits of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). Journal of ...
Test of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa. Willd.) in Poland. Memorios, Primer Taller Internacional sobre Quinua - Recursos Geneticos ... The resistance of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) to adverse abiotic factors. Food Review International 19: 99-109. Google ... Quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Provides a New Host for Native Herbivores in Northern Europe: Case Studies of the Moth, Scrobipalpa ... Insect pests and natural enemies in two varieties of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) at Cusco, Peru. Journal of Applied Entomology ...
ABELLAN RUIZ, María Salud et al. Effect of quinua (Chenopodium quinoa) consumption as a coadjuvant in nutritional intervention ... Palabras clave : Chenopodium quinoa; Prediabetes; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Body mass index; Glycated hemoglobin; Satiation; ... Results: Twenty-nine patients (placebo, n = 10; quinoa, n = 19) completed the study, and the quinoa group shows a significant ... Introduction: Quinoa is a pseudocereal containing low glycemic index carbohydrates, dietary fiber, high biological value ...
Quinoa is an interesting plant whose capacity to tolerate adverse environmental factors and exceptional nutritional qualities ... Quinua (Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America ... value of average heterozygosity was 0.38 which is considered low compared to other studies of genetic diversity in Chenopodium ... Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America. Quinoa ...
Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ...
In addition, cooked and baked quinoa seeds retain most of their TPC, TFC and FRAP AA in the final product. Thus, red quinoa ... Our results indicate that red quinoa seed contains significantly higher levels of TPC, TFC and FRAP AA than yellow quinoa seeds ... Due to their high antioxidant activity, red quinoa seeds might also contribute significantly to the management and/or ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), Ka?iwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and Iwicha (Amaranthus caudatus)," Food Chemistry, Vol. 120, ...
... tocopherol/tocotrienol compositions and antioxidant activities in seeds of three Chenopodium quinoa Willd. Genotypes., Food ... Black quinoa had the highest vitamin E followed by red and white quinoas. Carotenoids, mainly trans-lutein (84.7-85.6%) and ... tocopherol/tocotrienol compositions and antioxidant activities in seeds of three Chenopodium quinoa Willd. Genotypes.. Tang, Y ... and their contribution to antioxidant activities were investigated in seeds of three coloured quinoa cultivars (white, red and ...
Nutritional value and use of the Andean crops quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule). Food Rev. Int ... Chemical and nutritional characterization of Chenopodium pallidicaule (canihua) and Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) seeds. Emirates ... Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int. J. Food ... Ultrastructure of quinoa fruit (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Food Struct., 3: 165-173.. Direct Link , 51: Vilche, C., M. Gely and ...
Sowing density effect on photosynthetic activity of Chenopodium quinoa var. CICA ("quinoa") in the Argentinean Northwest. ... Sowing density effect on photosynthetic activity of Chenopodium quinoa var. CICA ("quínoa") in the Argentinean Northwest.. Bol ... Palabras clave : Chenopodium, sowing density, photosynthesis, pigments.. · resumen en Español · texto en Español · Español ( ... Quinoa crop to obtain grain for human consumption has begun to spread in the region of Calchaquíes Valleys (Tucumán, Argentina ...
Keywords: ancestry, Chenopodium quinoa. Abstract: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is an important crop of the Andean region of ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ...
DescriptionQuinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is an Andean subsistence crop rich in bioactive secondary metabolites, ... TitlePhytochemistry, pharmacology, and socioeconomic implications of quinoa (chenopodium quinoa willd.). NameGraf, Brittany ... Phytochemistry, pharmacology, and socioeconomic implications of quinoa (chenopodium quinoa willd.). Retrieved from https://doi. ... indicating the potential to breed and market quinoa varieties with enhanced phytoactive content. QL and quinoa seed by-products ...
Chenopodium quinoa Ab.IgE:ACnc:Pt:Ser:Qn. Known as: Chenopodium quinoa Antibody.immunoglobulin E:Arbitrary Concentration:Point ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd., Amaranthaceae) is a grain-like, stress-tolerant food crop that has provided subsistence… ... Four varieties of an Andean indigenous crop, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), were evaluated as a source of dietary fiber… ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd.) as a source of dietary fiber and other functional components ...
Amaranthaceae (family), bitter quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa flour, quinoa seed, quinua, quinua ... Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int J Food Sci ... Quinoa is likely safe when quinoa seeds are used in food amounts, as quinoa has been used as a food for thousands of years. ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd) an important Andean food crop. Arch Latinoam.Nutr 1992;42(3):232-241. ...
Test ID FQUIN Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) IgE Specimen Required. Draw blood in a plain red-top tube(s), serum gel tube(s) is ...
Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ...
Draw blood in a plain red-top tube(s), serum gel tube(s) is acceptable. Spin down and send 0.5 mL of serum refrigerated in a plastic vial.
Rights & permissionsfor article Correction: Corrigendum: The genome of ,i,Chenopodium quinoa,/i, . Opens in a new window. ... Rights & permissionsfor article The genome of ,i,Chenopodium quinoa,/i, . Opens in a new window. ...
A genetic linkage map of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) based on AFLP, RAPD, and SSR markers. Theor Appl Genet 109:1188-1195. [ ... Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). J Genet 87:39-51. [ Links ... Table 7 Analysis of microsatellites used in the genotyping of 26 varieties of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). ... Assessment of genetic diversity in the USDA and CIP-FAO international nursery collections of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd ...
Chenopodium quinoa) IgE testing, Viracor Eurofins delivers your results faster, when it matters most. ... 2F38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige%2F&base_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.viracor-eurofins.com%2Ftest-menu%2F38110a-quinoa- ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/. *sdk.environment=production;sdk.charset=UTF-8;api. ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/ ...
Ruales, J. & Nair, B.M. (1993). Content of fat, vitamins and minerals in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) seeds. Food Chemistry. 48 ... Does root-sourced ABA play a role for regulation of stomata under drought in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). Scientia ... 1397). مدل سازی حیات بذر کینوا (Chenopodium quinoa) با تجزیه پروبیت, , 49(3), pp. 49-57. doi: 10.22059/ijfcs.2018.206013. ... 1397). مدل سازی حیات بذر کینوا (Chenopodium quinoa) با تجزیه پروبیت. , 49(3), 49-57. doi: 10.22059/ijfcs.2018.206013.654105 ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop native to the Andes, that can be used in a variety of food product in a similar ... Studies on quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) for novel food and beverage applications. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. ... Studies on quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) for novel food and beverage applications. Mäkinen, Outi ... In this thesis, the germination pattern of quinoa was studied, and the influence of quinoa malt was evaluated in a model ...
Emulsifying Capacity of Biosurfactants from Chenopodium Quinoa and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Ucp 0992 with Focus of Application in ... Emulsifying Capacity of Biosurfactants from Chenopodium Quinoa and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Ucp 0992 with Focus of Application in ... The present study evaluated biosurfactants from Chenopodium quinoa and Pseudomonas aeruginosa as emulsifying agents, to ... Emulsifying Capacity of Biosurfactants from Chenopodium Quinoa and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Ucp 0992 with Focus of Application in ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; this species is associated with ... Zurita-Silva A., Fuentes F., Zamora P., Jacobsen S. E., Schwember A. R. (2014) Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): ... Crops Plant science Plant Breeding Varieties Genomics Farmers Seeds Drylands Stress Drought Evolution Nutrition Policy Quinoa ... In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch, James L. E. (2009). Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ... a b c d e Cinthya Verastegui Effel, Implications of the Quinoa Boom on the Farmers Income: How do changes in the quinoa ...
  • Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (wikimedia.org)
  • The Andean grain, quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (bioone.org)
  • One of the most important Andean grain crops is quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (bioone.org)
  • molecular characterization of chenopodium quinoa willd. (academicjournals.org)
  • Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Red and Yellow Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (scirp.org)
  • Y. Brend, L. Galili, H. Badani, R. Hovav and S. Galili, "Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Red and Yellow Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (scirp.org)
  • Y. Konishi, S. Hirano, H. Tsuboi and M. Wada, "Distribution of Minerals in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (scirp.org)
  • M. Koziol, "Chemical Composition and Nutritional Evaluation of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (scirp.org)
  • Characterisation of fatty acid, carotenoid, tocopherol/tocotrienol compositions and antioxidant activities in seeds of three Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (gc.ca)
  • Nutritional Composition and Health Benefits of Golden Grain of 21st Century, Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd. (scialert.net)
  • Minerals and polyphenols content of quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd . (scialert.net)
  • Changes in phenolic composition and antioxidant activity during germination of quinoa seeds ( Chenopodium Quinoa Willd . (scialert.net)
  • The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (cas.cz)
  • Phytochemistry, pharmacology, and socioeconomic implications of quinoa (chenopodium quinoa willd. (rutgers.edu)
  • Innovations in Health Value and Functional Food Development of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Four varieties of an Andean indigenous crop, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. (fao.org)
  • Genetic identity based on simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • Identidad genética basada en marcadores de repetición de secuencia simple (SSR) para Quinua ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • therefore, the most informative SSR primers in the present study would be made up of three markers with PIC, QCA053 (0.87), QCA015 (0.86) and QCA034 (0.86), for determining the genetic identity of Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • Plant & Crop Science Blog: Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (blogspot.com)
  • Zurita-Silva A., Fuentes F., Zamora P., Jacobsen S. E., Schwember A. R. (2014) Breeding quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (blogspot.com)
  • Renard, CMGC, Wende, G & Booth, EJ 1999, ' Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) ', Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture , vol. 79, pp. 2029 - 2034. (sruc.ac.uk)
  • Modest improvement in CVD risk markers in older adults following quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • University of Biskra Repository: Effets du stress salin sur la germination de quelques varietés introduites du quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd. (univ-biskra.dz)
  • Abstract The aim of the introduction of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd. (univ-biskra.dz)
  • The objective of this work is to study the effect of salinity on the germination of three quinoa varieties (Chenopodium quinoa willd. (univ-biskra.dz)
  • Evaluation of two groups of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (unimore.it)
  • Agronomic and seed-quality traits in 17 quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (unimore.it)
  • Effective effects of quinoa residues (Chenopodium quinoa willd) on electrolyte leakage, biochemical content, antioxidants and wheat photosynthetic pigments (Triticum aestivum L. (ac.ir)
  • Chenopodium acuminatum - Willd. (pfaf.org)
  • The use of quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (sapub.org)
  • Beatriz Valcárcel-Yamani , Suzana Caetano da Silva Lannes , "Applications of Quinoa ( Chenopodium Quinoa Willd. (sapub.org)
  • Estimation of Proximate Composition of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd. (springer.com)
  • Halophytes nutraceuticals secondary metabolites stress tolerance yield chenopodium-quinoa willd. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • Characterization of Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) gene homoeologs in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Genetic structure of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The worldwide potential for quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (deepdyve.com)
  • GC-MS Profiling of triterpenoid saponins from 28 quinoa varieties (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) grown in Washington State. (msu.edu)
  • Extrusion processing characteristics of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) var. (msu.edu)
  • Actualmente el cultivo de quinua ( Chenopodium quinoa ) en el Perú, no cuenta con estudios relacionados a la reacción de Meloidogyne spp. (scielo.org.pe)
  • Las plantas de quinua se manejaron en casa malla y fueron colocadas en bolsas de polietileno con 3.000 dm³ de suelo estéril, los cuales fueron inoculados con 5.000 huevos + juveniles (J2). (scielo.org.pe)
  • Quinua (Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America. (academicjournals.org)
  • Los marcadores moleculares basados en repeticiones de secuencia simple (SSRs) constituyen un instrumento altamente efectivo en la identificación de genotipos de quinua ( Chenopodium quinoa ), y son muy útiles en el manejo y conservación de bancos de germoplasma. (conicyt.cl)
  • Culitivated plants included: Maize (Zea mays), Madi (Madia chilensis), Quinoa (Chenopodium quinua), Sunflower (Helianthus sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domesticated populations of the South American grain chenopod quinua (Chenopodium quinoa subsp.quinoa) have been formally classified on the basis of pigmentation and inflorescence morphology, and informally grouped according to ecotypic variation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The genome sequence facilitated the identification of the transcription factor likely to control the production of anti-nutritional triterpenoid saponins found in quinoa seeds, including a mutation that appears to cause alternative splicing and a premature stop codon in sweet quinoa strains. (wur.nl)
  • Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing. (hub-uk.com)
  • Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. (hub-uk.com)
  • Before being eaten, quinoa seeds must be processed to remove their bitter coating of saponin. (hub-uk.com)
  • The seeds are also good sources of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins B and E. There are several varieties of quinoa available in the shops, which range in colour from dark brown to near white. (hub-uk.com)
  • Each year the Incan emperor so it is said would, using a golden spade plant the first quinoa seeds of the season. (hub-uk.com)
  • Here, the effects of baking and cooking processes were examined on total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and ferric-reducing ability of plasma antioxidant activity (FRAP AA) of red and yellow quinoa seeds. (scirp.org)
  • Our results indicate that red quinoa seed contains significantly higher levels of TPC, TFC and FRAP AA than yellow quinoa seeds. (scirp.org)
  • In addition, cooked and baked quinoa seeds retain most of their TPC, TFC and FRAP AA in the final product. (scirp.org)
  • Thus, red quinoa seeds processed by these two methods might be considered a functional food, in addition to its traditional role of providing dietary proteins. (scirp.org)
  • Due to their high antioxidant activity, red quinoa seeds might also contribute significantly to the management and/or prevention of degenerative diseases associated with free radical damage. (scirp.org)
  • P. Pasko, M. Sajewicz, S. Gorinstein and Z. Zachwieja, "Analysis of Selected Phenolic Acids and Flavonoids in Amaranthus cruentus and Chenopodium quinoa Seeds and Sprouts by HPLC," Acta Chromomatographica, Vol. 20, 2008, pp. 661-672. (scirp.org)
  • Composition of fatty acids, tocopherols, tocotrienols, and carotenoids, and their contribution to antioxidant activities were investigated in seeds of three coloured quinoa cultivars (white, red and black). (gc.ca)
  • Carotenoids, mainly trans -lutein (84.7-85.6%) and zeaxanthin were confirmed for the first time in quinoa seeds, and the concentration was also the highest in black seeds. (gc.ca)
  • A compositional study of Chenopodium quinoa seeds. (scialert.net)
  • Antioxidant compound contents and antioxidant activity before and after cooking in sweet and bitter Chenopodium quinoa seeds. (scialert.net)
  • Antioxidative properties and flavonoid composition of Chenopodium quinoa seeds cultivated in Japan. (scialert.net)
  • A one-step, non-destructive, food-grade procedure was developed to leach PEs and FGs from intact (un-macerated) quinoa seeds in 70% ethanol for 4 h at 80 °C, while preserving the color, structure, and form of post-leached seeds. (rutgers.edu)
  • Using leaching and HPLC-MS analysis, over 4-fold differences in PE and FG content were observed among seventeen distinct sources of quinoa seeds. (rutgers.edu)
  • Quinoa is likely safe when quinoa seeds are used in food amounts, as quinoa has been used as a food for thousands of years. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • Quinoa is usually washed after harvest and before preparation to remove a natural coating of saponins on the seeds. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • This experiment was conducted at University of Tehran, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding during 1394 to determine the Ellis and Roberts deterioration model of Chenopodium quinoa seeds and introduce constants of viability equation. (ac.ir)
  • Quinoa seeds imbibed water very rapidly, and most seeds showed radicle protrusion after 8-9 h. (ucc.ie)
  • Before its domestication, wild quinoa was probably first used mainly as a source of food from its leaves and seeds. (fao.org)
  • However, the flat bread making ability of quinoa seeds and wheat flour blends are not common in the literature. (hindawi.com)
  • It is because of this bitterness that the quinoa crop needs to be processed - its shell removed and seeds washed - to make it edible. (natureasia.com)
  • One of the properties that makes quinoa less attractive is the presence of bitter substances on the outside of the seeds. (wur.nl)
  • But, for many, the quinoa plant - or Chenopodium quinoa to give it its proper name, which can tolerate extremes of salt, drought and temperature yet still produce nutritious seeds, could be a future lifeline. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The downside is that some of the more productive quinoa varieties deter predators by coating their seeds with mildly toxic bitter-tasting soapy compounds called saponins. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The European market for quinoa seeds has grown rapidly in recent years. (cbi.eu)
  • The seeds have a bitter saponin coating, which is usually removed from commercial quinoa intended for human consumption. (cbi.eu)
  • The United Nations General Assembly declared 2013 as the ' International Year of Quinoa ', in recognition of ancestral practices of the Andean people, who have managed to preserve quinoa in its natural state as food for both present and future generations. (fao.org)
  • As the implementing agency for the International Year of Quinoa , FAO coordinated a wide variety of events and the result of this activity is a new generation of projects promoting quinoa around the world. (fao.org)
  • The year 2013 was exceptional for alternative crops as it was the international year of quinoa celebrated by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (springer.com)
  • The growth that was anticipated after the International Year of Quinoa in 2013 has proven to be most beneficial for Peru. (cbi.eu)
  • There are over one hundred varieties of quinoa. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Once you've got that, you can start to build a picture about how different varieties of quinoa are related to each other, genetically, and where the variations are in the genomes. (natureasia.com)
  • There are over 3,000 varieties of quinoa, many of which are still grown and several of which are commercialised. (cbi.eu)
  • Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) is a highly nutritious grain identified as an important crop to improve world food security. (wur.nl)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is an ancient Andean seed crop of exceptional nutritional, and in particular protein, quality ( Koziol, 1992 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa crop to obtain grain for human consumption has begun to spread in the region of Calchaquíes Valleys (Tucumán, Argentina) over 2,000 m asl. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Because quinoa is a new alternative crop, must be carried out ecophysiological and agronomic studies to get its adequate management. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is an important crop of the Andean region of South America. (cas.cz)
  • Quinoa is apromising grain crop owing to its salt and drought tolerance. (cas.cz)
  • Innovations designed to harness and investigate the pharmacological value of quinoa through simple, food-grade technologies may facilitate the development of functional foods and nutraceuticals from this crop that can combat global challenges in human health and sustainable development. (rutgers.edu)
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop native to the Andes, that can be used in a variety of food product in a similar manner to cereals. (ucc.ie)
  • In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the crop from urban consumers and the industry. (blogspot.com)
  • As a result of increased popularity and consumption in North America, Europe, and Australasia , [7] [8] quinoa crop prices tripled between 2006 and 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa is an Andean crop, known as "kiuna" or "kinwa" in the Quechua language and "jupha" or "jiura" in the Aymara language [ 12 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • In Algeria is to adapt the quinoa plant to the possibility of being used as a new crop contributing to the diversity of food and the generalization of crops on land affected by salinity and scarcity of water resources. (univ-biskra.dz)
  • The geographical increase in distribution of quinoa has highlighted the difficulty of access to quality seed, which is a key factor for testing the crop outside the Andes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Weed flora and seed yield in quinoa crop (Chenopodium quinoaWilld. (cambridge.org)
  • An international team of scientists, including quinoa breeding experts from Wageningen University & Research, published the complete DNA sequence of quinoa - the food crop that is conquering the world from South America - in Nature magazine on 8 February 2017. (wur.nl)
  • Ancient civilisations in the Andes already used quinoa as an important food crop. (wur.nl)
  • It faded into the background with the arrival of the Spanish, however, which is why quinoa was never truly 'domesticated' despite being such a good and healthy food crop. (wur.nl)
  • As a result, quinoa is seen as a crop that can help produce extra food with fewer inputs of water and fertiliser. (wur.nl)
  • Importantly, by working out how quinoa does it, it might even be possible to move the genes responsible into other key crop plants, to reinforce rice, soy or cereals, although this is still some way off. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is an ancient grain crop that was originally domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago in the Andean region of Bolivia and Peru. (cbi.eu)
  • Although Peru and Bolivia are still the main global suppliers, many other countries now aspire to cultivate and export quinoa (read about quinoa becoming a worldwide crop below). (cbi.eu)
  • Show all 1 recent products that contain CHENOPODIUM QUINOA (QUINOA) PROTEIN. (ewg.org)
  • Quinoa is a pseudocereal containing low glycemic index carbohydrates, dietary fiber, high biological value protein, phytosterols, and n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, which has generated interest in prediabetes nutritional interventions. (isciii.es)
  • The content of proteic and nonproteic (free and protein-bound) tryptophan in quinoa and cereal flours. (scialert.net)
  • Bread enriched with quinoa leaves - the influence of protein-phenolics interactions on the nutritional and antioxidant quality. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Although quinoa is high in protein content, it alone does not have enough protein to replace meat in the Western European diet, due to current cultivation, technological, and processing restrictions. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • Unlike most plants, quinoa contains protein with a balanced amino acid profile. (ucc.ie)
  • Additionally, to explore its potential for dairy-type products, quinoa protein was isolated from an embryo-enriched milling fraction of non-germinated quinoa and tested for functional and gelation properties. (ucc.ie)
  • The gelation behaviour was further studied using a quinoa protein isolate (QPI) extracted from an embryoenriched milling fraction. (ucc.ie)
  • To conclude, germination for increased enzyme activities may not be feasible, but the structure-forming properties of quinoa protein could possibly be exploited in dairy-type products. (ucc.ie)
  • Protein digestibility and quality, and the rate of starch hydrolysis were also nutritional features that markedly improved using quinoa sourdough as an ingredient. (unibz.it)
  • Quinoa gives high quality protein and other nutrients . (wikipedia.org)
  • For people with quinoa allergies or intolerances, there are many other sources of plant-based protein to enjoy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Quinoa (pronounced "keen-wah") is a hearty, protein-rich seed, considered by many to be a whole grain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is rich in protein . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is a complete protein. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is also a good source of potassium, which you need for muscle and protein building, maintaining a regular heartbeat, and many other bodily functions. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The protein content in bread-based quinoa blends was significantly increased gradually with increasing the percentage of quinoa flour from 12.12±0.63% in control to 15.85±0.065% in 30% quinoa flour. (hindawi.com)
  • According to the recommendations announced by the FAO/WHO/UNU, quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Wild, family Amaranthaceae) has well-balanced protein and amino acid content that could develop dietary protein balance when utilized by itself or mixed with cereal grains [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Once known to the Incas as "mother of all grains", today quinoa is receiving increasing attention because of its high nutritional quality, mainly the protein content, and also as a valuable source of micronutrients [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Unlike wheat that is low in lysine, quinoa includes a well-balanced set of necessary amino acids, making it an unusually complete plant protein source for humans. (hindawi.com)
  • Celiac and lactose-intolerant subjects should be also quinoa consumers because of its gluten-free nature and its wealthy protein levels, similar to that of milk casein quality [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Quinoa protein is characterized as being more like an animal protein, than a vegetable protein, due to its amino acid profile. (naturallycurly.com)
  • Unlike the rest of the proteins that will each offer protection, repair, or moisturization, quinoa protein will offer all of these attributes through enhanced hair penetration and substantivity for increased damage repair and cuticle protection. (naturallycurly.com)
  • Quinoa protein: Composition, structure and functional properties. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Protein from the ancient grain, Quinoa, hydrolyzed for stability and added emollience. (intelligentnutrients.com)
  • Quinoa is mainly used for its edible seed, which is gluten-free, high in protein and good as a source of fibre. (cbi.eu)
  • GAT Plant Protein provides 20 grams of premium quality protein from 5 plant sources: brown rice, pea, artichoke, quinoa and coconut. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • This delicious plant protein provides 20 grams of protein from five superior plant sources - pea protein isolate, organic brown rice protein concentrate, quinoa sprout powder, coconut pulp powder, and artichoke protein - and its gluten free, wheat free, soy free, as well as dairy free! (illpumpyouup.com)
  • Additionally, high levels of oxalic acid are in the leaves and stems of all species of the genus Chenopodium , and in the related genera of the family Amaranthaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Compositional and nutritional evaluation of quinoa whole grain flour and mill fractions. (scialert.net)
  • Traditionally, the quinoa grain is roasted and then made to flour to make different types of breads. (fao.org)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of amaranth, quinoa and maca flour addition at different levels on the physical-chemical, rheological and sensory properties of panettone. (bvsalud.org)
  • Composite flours of wheat and amaranth, quinoa or maca flours in percentages of 10 %, 20 %, 30 % and 40 % addition were evaluated during the different stages of production flour blends, fermented dough, baked dough and finished product. (bvsalud.org)
  • Lactic acid bacteria were isolated and identified from quinoa flour, spontaneously fermented quinoa dough, and type I quinoa sourdough. (unibz.it)
  • A wheat bread was made using 20% (w/w) of quinoa sourdough, and compared to baker's yeast wheat breads manufactured with or without quinoa flour. (unibz.it)
  • The use of quinoa sourdough improved the chemical, textural, and sensory features of wheat bread, showing better performances compared to the use of quinoa flour. (unibz.it)
  • This study exploited the potential of quinoa flour through sourdough fermentation. (unibz.it)
  • Methods: A randomized-controlled, double-blind crossover trial was conducted in which consenting healthy adults aged 50-75 years (n = 40) consumed 15 g quinoa biscuits (60 g quinoa flour/100 g) or control iso-energetic biscuits (made using wheat flour) daily for 28 consecutive days (4 weeks), in addition to their normal diet. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • Quinoa is gluten-free, and the flour is a good substitute for wheat flour. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Use quinoa flour instead of wheat flour in your muffins, pancakes, cookies, or any time you bake. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You can also purchase quinoa flour, pasta, and cereal products. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The purpose of the present research was to develop novel flat bread supplemented with quinoa flour to raise its nutritional quality and functional properties. (hindawi.com)
  • Also, the amino acids content was increased with increasing the percentage of quinoa flour. (hindawi.com)
  • Physicosensory characteristics of the bread fortified with quinoa flour were evaluated and the most of panelists accepted and preferred the bread supplemented with quinoa flour more than control. (hindawi.com)
  • The obtained unique nutritional, physicochemical, and organoleptic characteristics of quinoa flour-based flat bread open a new promising prospect for utilization of quinoa flour in an industrial scale for treatment and/or prevention of malnutrition in developing counties. (hindawi.com)
  • Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. (hub-uk.com)
  • Reviewers till now have focused on composition of this underutilized grain but extensive research work has now proved potential health benefits of quinoa. (scialert.net)
  • Gluten free grain quinoa has been found to exhibit anti oxidative, anti hypertensive, anti diabetic properties hence can be used as nutraceutical and functional food ingredient. (scialert.net)
  • In his royal commentaries, Garcilaso de la Vega, describes quinoa as one of the second grains cultivated on the face of the earth, somewhat resembling millet or short-grain rice. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa is not a real cereal , or grain, but more of a vegetable, as it is not a member of the grass family . (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa is a small, round, grain-like food that actually belongs to the fruit family. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When quinoa is finished cooking, you will see curly threads are around each grain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Scientists have created the first high-quality reference genome for quinoa - a highly nutritious, gluten-free, resilient grain touted for its high salt tolerance and potential to improve global food security 1 . (natureasia.com)
  • The novelty of the quinoa trade is over, but it has left a permanent mark on the grain consumption pattern. (cbi.eu)
  • This study highlighted the extended diversity regenerated among the 72 accessions and helped to identify potentially adapted quinoa genotypes for production in the Moroccan coastal environment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Furthermore, Chilean highland genotypes demonstrated significantly higher FG content than lowland genotypes, indicating the potential to breed and market quinoa varieties with enhanced phytoactive content. (rutgers.edu)
  • Molecular markers based on simple sequence repeats (SSRs) constitute a highly effective instrument in the identification of quinoa genotypes ( Chenopodium quinoa ), and they are very useful in the management and conservation of germplasm banks. (conicyt.cl)
  • In Brazil, in order to adapt these pseudo-cereals, experiments with quinoa have been conducted since 1987, with locally selected genotypes originating from hybrid populations. (sapub.org)
  • In current years, the chemical composition, nutraceutical applications, and processing effects of quinoa have been investigated and described [ 4 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Here we report the assembly of a high-quality, chromosome-scale reference genome sequence for quinoa, which was produced using single-molecule real-time sequencing in combination with optical, chromosome-contact and genetic maps. (wur.nl)
  • We also report the sequencing of two diploids from the ancestral gene pools of quinoa, which enables the identification of sub-genomes in quinoa, and reduced-coverage genome sequences for 22 other samples of the allotetraploid goosefoot complex. (wur.nl)
  • Mark Tester, professor of plant science at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia, and colleagues, sequenced the genome of a Chilean coastal variety of quinoa, along with the genomes of some of its close relatives, providing insights into quinoa's genetic diversity, biology and the evolution of its genome. (natureasia.com)
  • It was no easy feat given that 64% of the quinoa genome consists of repetitive DNA, making it harder to pinpoint clusters of unique sequence needed for a complete picture of quinoa's genome. (natureasia.com)
  • The scientists determined the sequence of the DNA-building blocks of the entire quinoa genome. (wur.nl)
  • The job has been challenging because quinoa doesn't just have one genome, like a human, it has two, which are dubbed A and B. This is the result of a hybridisation event - like a genetic merger - between two different ancestors of the plant a few million years ago. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Currently, the cultivation of quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) at Peru does not have studies related to the reaction of Meloidogyne spp. (scielo.org.pe)
  • The first Spaniard to note the cultivation of quinoa was Pedro de Valdivia who, on noticing the planted crops around Concepción, recorded that, for food, the native indians also sowed quinoa among other plants. (fao.org)
  • In 1984, Cusack and two partners began to import quinoa from South America. (hub-uk.com)
  • Quinoa originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America , [5] and was domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago for human consumption in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia , although archaeological evidence shows livestock uses 5,200 to 7,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • R. Repo-Carrasco-Valencia, J. K. Hellstr?m, J.-M. Pihlava and P. H. Mattila, "Flavonoids and Other Phenolic Compounds in Andean Indigenous Grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), Ka?iwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and Iwicha (Amaranthus caudatus)," Food Chemistry, Vol. 120, 2010, pp. 128-133. (scirp.org)
  • O amaranto ( Amaranthus cruenthus L.) e a quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa W.) são pseudocereais que apresentam proteínas de elevado valor biológico e ácidos graxos insaturados além de outros compostos que atuam como antioxidantes . (bvsalud.org)
  • Amaranth ( Amaranthus cruenthus L.) and quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa W.) are pseudocereals which have proteins with high biological value and unsaturated fatty acids , as well as other compounds which act as antioxidants . (bvsalud.org)
  • FAOSTAT reports that, in the period 1992-2010, the cultivated area and total production of quinoa in the main producer countries of Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador almost doubled and tripled respectively. (fao.org)
  • According to the FAOSTAT in 2009 the production of quinoa was 39.397 tonnes in Perú, 28.276 tonnes in Bolivia, and 746 tonnes in Ecuador[25]. (sapub.org)
  • As commercial production of quinoa is expected to develop, changes in international regulatory frameworks on genetic resources are needed in order to facilitate plant breeding for the most adaptive varieties for each region. (frontiersin.org)
  • Biologically, C. quinoa belongs to an allotetraploid (2 n = 4 x = 36) complex found throughout the New World and whose root is the North American weed pitseed goosefoot ( C. berlandieri ). (frontiersin.org)
  • from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa ) [2] is a species of goosefoot ( Chenopodium ). (wikipedia.org)
  • 5) explore the role that the "screens-to-nature" (STN) bioexploratory approach can play in sustainable development initiatives among indigenous quinoa-producing communities in the Andes. (rutgers.edu)
  • Quinoa has been cultivated in the Andes Incas for thousands of years. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • Quinoa breeding programs were not initiated until the 1960s in the Andes, and elsewhere from the 1970s onwards. (blogspot.com)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is believed to have been domesticated in the Peruvian Andes from wild or weed populations of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originating in the Andes, quinoa is a natural food resource of high nutritive value that is increasingly being recognized as significant in food security, for present and future generations. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa has remained a staple food for indigenous people of the Andes over the centuries. (frontiersin.org)
  • Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • It is an allotetraploid closely related to Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. (cas.cz)
  • Chenopodium berlandieri is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). (pfaf.org)
  • The toxicity category rating of the saponins in quinoa treats them as mild eye and respiratory irritants and as a low gastrointestinal irritant. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person may not be allergic to quinoa, but to its saponins. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Van Loo: "For example, we discovered mutations which ensure that certain quinoa varieties cannot produce bitter tasting saponins. (wur.nl)
  • Whiteburly and local lesion on Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa and C. album . (springer.com)
  • Quinoa is also used by some people as a substitute for wheat, especially those on a gluten-free diet due to celiac disease or other conditions. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • [11] The conquistadors forbade quinoa cultivation at one point, [12] and the Incas were forced to grow wheat instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • The opportunity to supplement or completely replace common cereal grains (corn, rice or wheat) with a higher nutritional value cereal (such as quinoa or amaranth) is becoming increasingly popular among people interested in improving and maintaining their health status by changing dietary habits. (sapub.org)
  • There are already various quinoa varieties which produce food in places where other food crops, such as wheat and rice, have very poor yields. (wur.nl)
  • Treatment with 0.02% chitosan and 0.2% potassium nitrate resulted in the highest allometric coefficient and root length.Highlights:Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase quinoa germination.Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase the content of chlorophyll a and b. (fao.org)
  • In this thesis, the germination pattern of quinoa was studied, and the influence of quinoa malt was evaluated in a model product. (ucc.ie)
  • Van Loo and his colleagues will be using the new knowledge in various ways, including the development of quinoa varieties which meet the demands of both consumers and farmers. (wur.nl)
  • He worked on the introduction of quinoa in Morocco within the EU funded SWUPMED project (2009-2013) where he adapted quinoa to the southern Morocco conditions and tested its response to deficit irrigation and salinity. (springer.com)
  • Amaranth and quinoa are also gluten-free grains. (sapub.org)
  • These markers can be easily interpreted and are useful for the molecular characterization of quinoa varieties. (conicyt.cl)
  • Conclusion: Consumption of novel quinoa biscuits produced small, but favorable changes in body weight, BMI, and circulating cholesterol concentrations, all of which may contribute to lowered CVD risk in older adults. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • R. Repo-Carrasco, C. Espinoza and S. E. Jacobsen, "Nutritional Value and Use of the Andean Crops Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and Kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule)," Food Reviews International, Vol. 19, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 179-189. (scirp.org)
  • As a chenopod , quinoa is closely related to species such as beets , spinach , and tumbleweeds . (wikipedia.org)
  • and Chenopod (Chenopodium sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa plants were kept in a mesh house and placed in polyethylene bags with 3,000 dm³of sterile soil inoculated with 5,000 eggs + juveniles (J2). (scielo.org.pe)
  • [12] There are non-cultivated quinoa plants ( Chenopodium quinoa var. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the new knowledge of quinoa DNA, we can quickly and easily select plants that do not produce bitter substances in the breeding process. (wur.nl)
  • Isolation of exopolysaccharide-producing yeast and lactic acid bacteria from quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) sourdough fermentation. (usda.gov)
  • Furthermore, alternative crops are often rich in proteins and minerals, and even some of them are Gluten free (quinoa). (springer.com)
  • The experiment was carried out using a completely randomized design, with five quinoa cultivars and three species of Meloidogyne spp. (scielo.org.pe)
  • The recent progress, together with the declaration of "The International Year of the Quinoa" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipates a bright future for this ancient species. (blogspot.com)
  • Its genetic variability indicates quinoa as an oligocentric species with widely distributed centre of origin and multiple diversification. (fao.org)
  • Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as "Indian food" but it has never disappeared despite the introduction of Old World species. (frontiersin.org)
  • Like the potato, quinoa was one of the main foods of the Andean peoples before the Incas. (fao.org)
  • Another favorite of the Incas, quinoa contains all nine amino acids , with particularly high levels of cystine, methionine and lysine. (evitamins.com)
  • Its cultivation has expanded within the past decade beyond its traditional range to more than 70 countries ( Food Agriculture Organization of United Nations [FAO], 2012 ), although the Andean nations of Peru and Bolivia are still primary quinoa producers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa is an Andean plant which originated in the area surrounding Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia. (fao.org)
  • Bolivia used to be the main exporter of quinoa to Europe until the year 2013. (cbi.eu)
  • Unlike other large importers, France still imports the majority of its quinoa from Bolivia, although Peru is closing the gap. (cbi.eu)
  • A review of the main aspects of amaranth and quinoa, and their food applications are presented here. (sapub.org)
  • Currently, amaranth and quinoa cultivation remains relatively low. (sapub.org)
  • After centuries of neglect, the potential of quinoa was rediscovered during the second half of the 20th century. (frontiersin.org)
  • Later, Cieza de León (1560) reported that quinoa was cultivated in the highlands of Pasto and Quito, mentioning that little maize but an abundance of quinoa was grown on these cold lands. (fao.org)
  • Eden Organic Red Quinoa - an ancient Pasankalla variety organically grown on family plots at over 12,000 ft. on the Andean Plateau. (iherb.com)
  • Quinoa, he says, can be grown using land and water not viable for traditional agriculture. (natureasia.com)
  • Quinoa is already very salt-tolerant, and can be grown in sand, using low-quality water, but it's far from industrialized. (natureasia.com)
  • A larger quinoa type grown on the Bolivian altiplano or highlands is marketed as Royal Quinoa ( Quinoa Real ). (cbi.eu)
  • Also, Patiño (1964) in his chronicles on La Pazmentions the use of quinoa as a source of food for the indigenous populations (Jimenes de la Espada, 1885, II, 68). (fao.org)
  • Black quinoa had the highest vitamin E followed by red and white quinoas. (gc.ca)
  • But you will most likely see yellow/ivory, red, or black quinoa in stores. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The results of this study confirm that both the ochre and yellow quinoa seed groups included elite accessions that can be used directly in future selection programs for the development of high-yielding varieties well adapted to the Mediterranean environment. (unimore.it)
  • Quinoa is an interesting plant whose capacity to tolerate adverse environmental factors and exceptional nutritional qualities warrant further research in all fields of plant biology, agronomy, ecology and biotechnology. (academicjournals.org)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is a dicotyledonous annual plant, usually about 1-2 m (3-7 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is early evidence of its morphology on pottery from the Tiahuanaco culture depicting a quinoa plant with several panicles along its stem, which would suggest one of the more primitive strains of the plant. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa is in the same plant family with Swiss chard, spinach, and sugar beets. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is part of a plant family known for its growing power in extreme conditions, such as in poor soils, at high altitudes and even in saline soils. (wur.nl)
  • Publishing the results in Nature, KAUST plant scientist Mark Tester and his team have painstakingly unpicked the genetic code of quinoa and a number of its close relatives. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The quinoa plant, they now know, has about 1.3 billion genetic letters in its DNA code spelling out more than 44,000 genes spread across 18 chromosomes. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • 2016). Peru is one of the main exporters of quinoa worldwide. (scielo.org.pe)
  • There are archeological discoveries of quinoa in tombs of Tarapacá, Calama and Arica in Chile, and in different regions of Peru. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa can be divided into different groups or ecotypes, reflecting its diffusion from the center of origin around Lake Titicaca. (frontiersin.org)
  • This question has never really been answered, but one theory is that the Spaniards who carried maize and potatoes back to Europe in the sixteenth century may have tasted quinoa that had not been properly processed and would have been bitter to the palate and therefore failed to realise its potential. (hub-uk.com)
  • The genetic markers identified in the study may be used to popularize quinoa by developing non-bitter or sweet commercial varieties with reduced saponin levels, say the research authors. (natureasia.com)
  • We used the third introns of two FLOWERING LOCUST-LIKE genes, CrFTL1 and CrFTL2 as markers in an attempt to identify ancestral origins of the two diploid subgenomes of quinoa. (cas.cz)
  • Few resources have been available to push for the genetic improvement of quinoa until Tester's study, published online this week in Nature , which reports the sequencing of two diploids from the ancestral gene pools of quinoa, enabling the identification of sub-genomes. (natureasia.com)
  • Further research and development of the functional value of quinoa may play an important role in human health and environmental sustainability at the local and global scale. (rutgers.edu)
  • Quinoa and amaranth have potential as functional and bioactive ingredients in food products because their high dietary fiber content and natural antioxidants such as fenolic compounds[28]. (sapub.org)
  • The value of average heterozygosity was 0.38 which is considered low compared to other studies of genetic diversity in Chenopodium. (academicjournals.org)
  • Quinoa is recognized not only for its nutritional and dietary properties but also for its genetic diversity, adaptability to different agro-environmental conditions as well as the cultural and socio-economic benefits it has on the local environment. (fao.org)
  • Generations of farmers have been involved in quinoa selection, which explains the high levels of genetic diversity found today. (frontiersin.org)
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of consuming quinoa biscuits on markers of CVD risk over 4 weeks in free-living older adults. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • [19] The risks associated with quinoa are minimal, provided those parts are properly prepared and the leaves are not eaten to excess. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa can be cooked and eaten in many ways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • [14] Although lowering the saponin content through selective breeding to produce sweeter, more palatable varieties is complicated by ≈10% cross-pollination , [16] it is a major goal of quinoa breeding programs , which may include genetic engineering . (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of amaranth, quinoa and buckwheat for the production of gluten-free pasta was investigated in the present study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Quinoa may lower triglyceride concentrations, compared to gluten-free bread and pasta. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • The incorporation of germinated quinoa in gluten-free bread had no significant effect on the baking properties due to low α-amylase activity. (ucc.ie)
  • If you have celiac disease, or follow a gluten-free diet, quinoa is a great option. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is gluten-free and deemed simple to digest. (hindawi.com)
  • Quinoa is rich in essential amino acids and nutritional fibres and does not contain gluten. (wur.nl)
  • Other than its use as a food, there is insufficient evidence in humans to support the use of quinoa for any indication. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • The objective was to draw the world's attention to the role that quinoa could play in providing food security , nutrition and poverty eradication in support of achieving Millennium Development Goals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Faced with the challenge of increasing the production of quality food to feed the world's population in the context of climate change, quinoa offers an alternative for those countries suffering from food insecurity. (fao.org)
  • The promotion of quinoa is part of a broader FAO strategy to encourage the cultivation of traditional or forgotten crops as a means of contributing to food security. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa was cultivated and used by pre-Columbian civilizations and was replaced by cereals on the arrival of the Spanish, despite being a local staple food at the time. (fao.org)
  • Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as "Indian food. (frontiersin.org)
  • A person who has enjoyed quinoa without issues in the past may suddenly notice an allergic reaction after eating the food. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most major grocery stores carry bags of quinoa in their rice section or in their natural or organic food sections. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa may also be purchased online or at any health food store. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa has massive potential to make a big contribution to global food security because it can grow on marginal lands or lands beyond the margin. (natureasia.com)
  • More recently, amid concerns fuelled by a rising human population, grim climate change predictions and fears about food security, interest in quinoa is growing again. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Could quinoa solve worldwide food shortages? (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Organic red quinoa (chenopodium quinoa). (iherb.com)
  • In Europe, quinoa has been developed mainly by the organic sector. (cbi.eu)