A species of the Chenopodium genus which is the source of edible seed called quinoa. It contains makisterone A and other STEROIDS, some having ECDYSTEROID activity on insects.
A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.
A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.
A plant species of the genus Chenopodium known for toxicity to intestinal worms and other simple organisms.
The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.
A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).
Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)
An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.
A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
A genus of tripartite plant viruses in the family BROMOVIRIDAE. Transmission is by beetles. Brome mosaic virus is the type species.
A genus of plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, that cause mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Transmission occurs mechanically. Potato virus X is the type species.
Viral proteins that facilitate the movement of viruses between plant cells by means of PLASMODESMATA, channels that traverse the plant cell walls.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Diseases of plants.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A group of seed storage proteins restricted to the POACEAE family. They are rich in GLUTAMINE and PROLINE.

Characterization and complete nucleotide sequence of Strawberry mottle virus: a tentative member of a new family of bipartite plant picorna-like viruses. (1/44)

An isolate of Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) was transferred from Fragaria vesca to Nicotiana occidentalis and Chenopodium quinoa by mechanical inoculation. Electron micrographs of infected tissues showed the presence of isometric particles of approximately 28 nm in diameter. SMoV-associated tubular structures were also conspicuous, particularly in the plasmodesmata of C. quinoa. DsRNA extraction of SMoV-infected N. occidentalis yielded two bands of 6.3 and 7.8 kbp which were cloned and sequenced. Gaps in the sequence, including the 5' and 3' ends, were filled using RT-PCR and RACE. The genome of SMoV was found to consist of RNA1 and RNA2 of 7036 and 5619 nt, respectively, excluding a poly(A) tail. Each RNA encodes one polyprotein and has a 3' non-coding region of approximately 1150 nt. The polyprotein of RNA1 contains regions with identities to helicase, viral genome-linked protein, protease and polymerase (RdRp), and shares its closest similarity with RNA1 of the tentative nepovirus Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV). The polyprotein of RNA2 displayed some similarity to the large coat protein domain of SDV and related viruses. Phylogenetic analysis of the RdRp region showed that SMoV falls into a separate group containing SDV, Apple latent spherical virus, Naval orange infectious mottling virus and Rice tungro spherical virus. Given the size of RNA2 and the presence of a long 3' non-coding region, SMoV is more typical of a nepovirus, although atypically for a nepovirus it is aphid transmissible. We propose that SMoV is a tentative member of an SDV-like lineage of picorna-like viruses.  (+info)

Solution structures of potato virus X and narcissus mosaic virus from Raman optical activity. (2/44)

Potato virus X (PVX) and narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) were studied using vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) in order to obtain new information on the structures of their coat protein subunits. The ROA spectra of the two intact virions are very similar to each other and similar to that of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) studied previously, being dominated by signals characteristic of proteins with helix bundle folds. In particular, PVX and NMV show strong positive ROA bands at approximately 1340 cm(-1) assigned to hydrated alpha-helix and perhaps originating in surface exposed helical residues, together with less strong positive ROA intensity in the range approximately 1297-1312 cm(-1) assigned to alpha-helix in a more hydrophobic environment and perhaps originating in residues at helix-helix interfaces. The positive approximately 1340 cm(-1) ROA band of TMV is less intense than those of PVX and NMV, suggesting that TMV contains less hydrated alpha-helix. Small differences in other spectral regions reflect differences in some loop, turn and side-chain compositions and conformations among the three viruses. A pattern recognition program based on principal component analysis of ROA spectra indicates that the coat protein subunit folds of PVX and NMV may be very similar to each other and similar to that of TMV. These results suggest that PVX and NMV may have coat protein subunit structures based on folds similar to the TMV helix bundle and hence that the helical architecture of the PVX and NMV particles may be similar to that of TMV but with different structural parameters.  (+info)

Heterologous movement protein strongly modifies the infection phenotype of cucumber mosaic virus. (3/44)

A hybrid virus (CMVcymMP) constructed by replacing the movement protein (MP) of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) with that of cymbidium ringspot tombusvirus (CymRSV) was viable and could efficiently spread both cell to cell and long distance in host plants. The hybrid virus was able to move cell to cell in the absence of functional CP, whereas CP-deficient CMV was restricted to single inoculated cells. In several Chenopodium and Nicotiana species, the symptom phenotype of the hybrid virus infection was clearly determined by the foreign MP gene. In Nicotiana debneyi and Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi, the hybrid virus could move systemically, contrary to CymRSV.  (+info)

The p23 protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus is indispensable for host-specific replication. (4/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) possesses a novel open reading frame (ORF) which encodes a putative 23-kDa protein (p23). We report here the in vivo detection of p23 and demonstrate its essential role in viral replication. The expression of p23 could be detected in protein extracts from transfected kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) protoplasts and in HCRSV-infected leaves. Further, direct immunoblotting of infected kenaf leaves also showed the presence of p23, and transient expression in onion and kenaf cells demonstrated that the protein is distributed throughout the cell. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that mutations introduced into the ORF of p23 abolished viral replication in kenaf protoplasts and plants but not in Chenopodium quinoa L. The loss of function of the p23 mutant M23/S33-1 could be complemented in trans upon the induced expression of p23 from an infiltrated construct bearing the ORF (pCam23). Altogether, these results demonstrate that p23 is a bona fide HCRSV protein that is expressed in vivo and suggest that p23 is indispensable for the host-specific replication of HCRSV. In addition, we show that p23 does not bind nucleic acids in vitro and does not act as a suppressor of posttranscriptional gene silencing in transgenic tobacco carrying a green fluorescent protein.  (+info)

Covariation in the capsid protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus induced by serial passaging in a host that restricts movement leads to avirulence in its systemic host. (5/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation of eight site-specific amino acids was found in the HCRSV capsid protein (CP) after serial passages in C. quinoa: Val(49)-->Ile, Ile(95)-->Val, Lys(270)-->Arg, Gly(272)-->Asp, Tyr(274)-->His, Ala(311)-->Asp, Asp(334)-->Ala, and Ala(335)-->Thr. Covariation of at least three of the eight amino acids, Val(49), Ile(95), and Lys(270), caused the virus to become avirulent in kenaf. Interestingly, the nature of the covariation was consistent and reproducible at each serial passage. These data indicate that the nonsynonymous substitutions of amino acids in the HCRSV CP after serial passages in C. quinoa are not likely to be random events but may be due to host-associated positive selection or accelerated genetic drift. The observed interdependence among the three amino acids leading to avirulence in kenaf may have implications for structural or functional relationships in this virus-host interaction.  (+info)

A transcriptionally active subgenomic promoter supports homologous crossovers in a plus-strand RNA virus. (6/44)

Genetic RNA recombination plays an important role in viral evolution, but its molecular mechanism is not well understood. In this work we describe homologous RNA recombination activity that is supported by a subgenomic promoter (sgp) region in the RNA3 segment of brome mosaic bromovirus (BMV), a tripartite plus-strand RNA virus. The crossover frequencies were determined by coinoculations with pairs of BMV RNA3 variants that carried a duplicated sgp region flanked by marker restriction sites. A region composed of the sgp core, a poly(A) tract, and an upstream enhancer supported homologous exchanges in 25% of the analyzed RNA3 progeny. However, mutations in the sgp core stopped both the transcription of the sgp RNA and homologous recombination. These data provide evidence for an association of RNA recombination with transcription.  (+info)

Structural and mutational analyses of cis-acting sequences in the 5'-untranslated region of satellite RNA of bamboo mosaic potexvirus. (7/44)

The satellite RNA of Bamboo mosaic virus (satBaMV) contains on open reading frame for a 20-kDa protein that is flanked by a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 159 nucleotides (nt) and a 3'-UTR of 129 nt. A secondary structure was predicted for the 5'-UTR of satBaMV RNA, which folds into a large stem-loop (LSL) and a small stem-loop. Enzymatic probing confirmed the existence of LSL (nt 8-138) in the 5'-UTR. The essential cis-acting sequences in the 5'-UTR required for satBaMV RNA replication were determined by deletion and substitution mutagenesis. Their replication efficiencies were analyzed in Nicotiana benthamiana protoplasts and Chenopodium quinoa plants coinoculated with helper BaMV RNA. All deletion mutants abolished the replication of satBaMV RNA, whereas mutations introduced in most of the loop regions and stems showed either no replication or a decreased replication efficiency. Mutations that affected the positive-strand satBaMV RNA accumulation also affected the accumulation of negative-strand RNA; however, the accumulation of genomic and subgenomic RNAs of BaMV were not affected. Moreover, covariation analyses of natural satBaMV variants provide substantial evidence that the secondary structure in the 5'-UTR of satBaMV is necessary for efficient replication.  (+info)

Arg-16 and Arg-21 in the N-terminal region of the triple-gene-block protein 1 of Bamboo mosaic virus are essential for virus movement. (8/44)

The protein encoded by the first gene of the triple gene block (TGBp1) of potexviruses is required for movement of the viruses. It has been reported that single Arg-->Ala substitutions at position 11, 16 or 21 of TGBp1 of Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV) eliminate its RNA-binding activity, while substitutions at position 16 or 21 only affect its NTPase activity (Liou et al., Virology 277, 336-344, 2000). However, it remains unclear whether these Arg-->Ala substitutions also affect the movement of BaMV in plants. To address this question, six mutants of BaMV, each containing either a single- or a double-alanine substitution at Arg-11, Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1, were constructed and used to infect Chenopodium quinoa and Nicotiana benthamiana. We found that all of the BaMV mutants were able to replicate in protoplasts of N. benthamiana. However, only the mutant with an Arg-11-->Ala substitution in TGBp1 remained capable of movement from cell to cell in plants. Mutants with Arg-16, Arg-21 or both Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1 replaced with alanine were defective in virus movement. This defect was suppressed when a wild-type TGBp1 allele was co-introduced into the cells using a novel satellite replicon. The ability to trans-complement the movement defect by the wild-type TGBp1 strongly suggests that the Arg-->Ala substitution at position 16 or 21 of TGBp1, which diminishes the RNA-binding and NTPase activities of TGBp1, also eliminates the capability of BaMV to move from cell to cell in host plants.  (+info)

Various fatty acids, tocopherols, carotenoids, and their respective antioxidant contributions in 7 amaranth seed and 11 quinoa seed samples along with a new evaluation method are reported. The lipid yield was 6.98-7.22% in amaranth seeds and 6.03-6.74% in quinoa seeds, with unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) being the predominant fatty acids, 71.58-72.44% in amaranth seeds and 81.44-84.49% in quinoa seeds, respectively. Carotenoids, mainly lutein and zeaxanthin, are confirmed for the first time in amaranth seeds, while β-carotene is reported first in quinoa seeds. The predominant tocopherols in amaranth seeds are δ- and α-tocopherol, whereas γ- and α-tocopherol are the primary tocopherols in quinoa seeds. UFAs, carotenoids, and tocopherols showed good correlation with antioxidant activity. All of the amaranth seeds demonstrated lower overall lipophilic quality than quinoa seeds, with the AS1 and QS10 cultivars providing the highest scores for amaranth and quinoa seeds, respectively. Results ...
References. Ashkenazi, V., E. Chani, U. Lavi, D. Levy, J. Hillel, and E. Veilleux. (2001). Development of microsatellite markers in potato and their use in phylogenetic and fingerprinting analyses. Genome 44:50-62. [ Links ] Bazile D. (2014). Quinua, a model crop to examine the dynamics of biodiversity within agricultural systems. Biodiversity, Issue 15.1:3-4. [ Links ] Biasutti C.A, F. Casanoves, and D.A. Peiretti. 2000. Response to different adaptative mass selection criteria in a maize exotic population. Maydica 45:89-90. [ Links ] Botstein, D., R. White, H. Sholmick, and S.R. Davu. 1980. Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphism. American Journal of Human Genetics 32:314-331. [ Links ] Butcher P, and S. Southerton. 2007. Marker-assisted selection in forestry species. In Marker-assisted selection - Current status and future perspectives in crops, livestock, forestry and fish. Roma: FAO; pp. 284-296. [ Links ] Christensen, S., D. Pratt, and C. ...
Chenopodium quinoa Willd., a high quality grain crop, is resistant to abiotic stresses (drought, cold and salt) and offers an optimal source of protein. Quinoa represents a symbol of crop genetic diversity across the Andean region. In recent years, this crop has undergone a major expansion outside its countries of origin. The activities carried out within the framework of the International Year of Quinoa provided a great contribution to raise awareness on the multiple benefits of quinoa as well as to its wider cultivation at the global level. FAO is actively involved in promoting and evaluating the cultivation of quinoa in 26 countries outside the Andean region with the aim to strengthen food and nutrition security.The main goal of this research is to evaluate the adaptability of selected quinoa genotypes under different environments outside the Andean region. This paper presents the preliminary results from nine countries. Field evaluations were conducted during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 in Asia
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. This is largely due its superb nutritional value, consisting of protein that is rich in essential amino acids along with vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) and parents developed through hybridization between highland (0654) and coastal (NL-6) germplasm groups. The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. A vast amount of genetic variation was detected among the 72 lines evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits. Impressive transgressive segregation was measured for seed yield (22.42 g/plant)
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. It is however treated as a grain in cooking. The grains are small yellow flattened spheres, approximately 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter. When cooked, the germ coils into a small tail that lends a pleasant crunch. The leaves of the plant can also be eaten raw in salads or cooked like spinach.. One of the worlds most perfect foods, it has been consumed for thousands of years in South America. Its small nutritious seeds resemble millet and is very versatile to a variety of cooking styles, inviting seasonings from mild to wild. Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing.. Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. A gluten-free product, it is suitable for anyone afflicted by wheat allergies. Quinoa can be eaten as hot breakfast cereal; an infant cereal; a rice ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Niacinamide: reduces hyperpigmentation, increases collagen production, and reduces excess dermal glycosaminoglycans, improve skins protective barrier.. Argania Active Complex: provides deep hydration, nourishment and restoration of full-fledged skin functions.. Argan Stem cells: protect and revitalizes dermal stem cells.. Hyaluronic acid: improves and maintains tissue turgor, elasticity and hydration.. Chenopodium Quinoa Seed Extract: restores skin barrier function and is a rich source of vitamins C & E.. Ceramide complex: deep moisturizer.. Adipoless: fades dark circles in 28 days. Protects capillaries against environmental aggression and the consequences of stress and tiredness. Limits the formulation of new blood vessels, keeps skin and vascular structures in tact. Clinically proven to reduce intensity of dark circles by 90%.. Eyeliss: Fights under-eye bags, and smoothes the appearance of fine lines by firming and toning the skin.. ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN incorporation is incomplete. Since the user interface forces a species-by-species check (no tabular output) its difficult to determine how many counts are available in this dataset (maybe someone from MBG can comment). A check of the Kew DNA database at: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 species of the genus) Anybody know of any other sources of plant chromosome count info on line? This demonstrates the tendency to put data of local disciplinary interest (type specimens) on line while ignoring systematic data that might have a broader application. , Date: Mon, 22 Feb 1999 16:40:58 +1200 , Reply-to: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , From: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , Subject: Chromosome numbers in plants -Reply , To: Multiple recipients of list TAXACOM , ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) er en vekst fra Sør-Amerika hvis frø kan spises, og er et alternativ til ris og poteter. Quinoa har fra gammel tid vært viktig i Andesbefolkningens mat, blant annet i inkatiden. Den er fremdeles i dag en av de viktigste vekstene i Andesregionen. Quinoa har høy ernæringsmessig verdi. Det er en nøysom vekst som stiller små krav til vann og næring. Planten har et høyt innhold av de essensielle aminosyrene lysin, metionin og treonin som det er lite av i korn og belgvekster. Den inneholder ikke gluten. Verdens helseorganisasjon regner aminosyresammensetningen som fullgod med proteinene i melk. 2013 ble av FNs generalforsamling kåret til det internasjonale quinoa-året. ...
The quinoa seed is high in protein, calcium and iron, a relatively good source of vitamin E and several of the B vitamins. It contains an almost perfect balance of all eight essential amino acids needed for tissue development in humans. It is exceptionally high in lysine, cystine and methionine-amino acids typically low in other grains. It is a good complement for legumes, which are often low in methionine and cystine. The protein in quinoa is considered to be a complete protein due to the presence of all 8 essential amino acids. Some types of wheat come close to matching quinoas protein content, but grains such as barley, corn, and rice generally have less than half the protein of quinoa. Quinoa is 12% to 18% protein and four ounces a day, about 1/2-cup, will provide a childs protein needs for one day. The 6-7% fat of quinoa is relatively high when compared to other grains, but it boasts a low sodium content and also provides valuable starch and fiber. Quinoa also contains albumen, a protein ...
Our quinoa harvest dried down quite nicely and it was time to get our thresh on. The goal? Separate the quinoa seeds from the stalks. He...
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Deleterious mutation accumulation has been implicated in many biological phenomena and as a potentially significant threat to human health and the persistence of small populations. The vast majority of mutations with effects on fitness are known to be deleterious in a given environment, and their accumulation results in mean population fitness decline. However, whether populations are capable of recovering from negative effects of prolonged genetic bottlenecks via beneficial or compensatory mutation accumulation has not previously been tested. To address this question, long-term mutation-accumulation lines of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, previously propagated as single individuals each generation, were maintained in large population sizes under competitive conditions. Fitness assays of these lines and comparison to parallel mutation-accumulation lines and the ancestral control show that, while the process of fitness restoration was incomplete for some lines, full recovery of mean fitness ...
EN] Two small viral proteins (DGBp1 and DGBp2) have been proposed to act in a concerted manner to aid intra- and intercellular trafficking of carmoviruses though the distribution of functions and mode of action of each protein partner are not yet clear. Here we have confirmed the requirement of the DGBps of Pelargonium flower break virus (PFBV), p7 and p12, for pathogen movement Studies focused on p12 have shown that it associates to cellular membranes, which is in accordance to its hydrophobic profile and to that reported for several homologs. However, peculiarities that distinguish p12 from other DGBp52 have been found. Firstly, it contains a leucine zipper-like motif which is essential for virus infectivity in plants. Secondly, it has an unusually long and basic N-terminal region that confers RNA binding activity. The results suggest that PFBV p12 may differ mechanistically from related proteins and possible roles of PFBV DGBps are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
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Bloor PA, Barker FS, Watts PC and Noyes HA (2001). Microsatellite Libraries by Enrichment. Available at [http://www.genomics.liv.ac.uk/animal/MICROSAT.PDF]. Accessed September 22, 2010. Bores GM, Huger FP, Petko W, Mutlib AE, et al. (1996). Pharmacological evaluation of novel Alzheimers disease therapeutics: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors related to galanthamine. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 277: 728-738. PMid:8627552 Doyle JJ and Doyle JL (1987). A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem Bull. 19: 11-15. Ellegren H (2004). Microsatellites: simple sequences with complex evolution. Nat. Rev. Genet. 5: 435-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1348 PMid:15153996 Harvey AL (1995). The pharmacology of galanthamine and its analogues. Pharmacol. Ther. 68: 113-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7258(95)02002-0 Jarvis DE, Kopp OR, Jellen EN, Mallory MA, et al. (2008). Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ...
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From population genetics theory, elevating the mutation rate of a large population should progressively reduce average fitness. If the fitness decline is large enough, the population will go extinct in a process known as lethal mutagenesis. Lethal mutagenesis has been endorsed in the virology literature as a promising approach to viral treatment, and several in vitro studies have forced viral extinction with high doses of mutagenic drugs. Yet only one empirical study has tested the genetic models underlying lethal mutagenesis, and the theory failed on even a qualitative level. Here we provide a new level of analysis of lethal mutagenesis by developing and evaluating models specifically tailored to empirical systems that may be used to test the theory. We first quantify a bias in the estimation of a critical parameter and consider whether that bias underlies the previously observed lack of concordance between theory and experiment. We then consider a seemingly ideal protocol that avoids this ...
Throughout history species has gone extinct due to anthropogenic activities. During the last century efforts have been done to reintroduce species back into the wild. Zoos that originally were created as amusement parks for people have today a new purpose; to keep and breed species in captivity for later reintroductions in the wild. However a relaxed environment such as a zoo leads to a general fitness decline of up to 40% per generation in captivity. The probability of a successful reintroduction of a species that has been bred in a zoo will be lower the longer time it has been kept in captivity. The reintroduction of a captive bred species can also cause secondary extinctions and other negative effects on the food-web. Both changes in the community caused by the loss of a species and changes in the species itself caused by captivity can be expected to affect the outcome of a reintroduction attempt. Using a modeling approach I here investigate how the reintroduction of a captive bred species ...
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Read Complete nucleotide sequence of a new variant of grapevine fanleaf virus from northeastern China, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Sensitivity to gluten results in a wide spectrum of manifestations triggered by ingestion of the gluten-containing grains such as wheat, barley and rye. Celiac Disease, also known as gluten sensitivity enteropathy , is characterized by inflammation of the small -intestinal mucosa that results from a genetically based immunologic intolerance to ingested gluten. Rising demands for gluten free products parallels the increase in celiac disease .Humans have many options when it comes to fueling their bodies, but the benefits of some options are so nutritious that they are labeled as Superfoods. The new emerging super food quinoa (chenopodium quinoa) was the international food of the year 2013 and it is a staple food got originated in the Andean region of South America. It is a pseudo cereal rather than a true cereal, as it is not a member of the true grass family. It is a small seed which look like a cross between sesame seeds and millets. It has exceptionally high protein containing balanced set ...
A virus with isometric virus particles (ca. 25 nm) was isolated from an apple tree and named Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV). Virus particles purified from infected Chenopodium quinoa formed two bands with densities of 1·41 and 1·43 g/cm3 in CsCl equilibrium density-gradient centrifugation, indicating that the virus is composed of two components. The virus had two ssRNA species (RNA1 and RNA2) and three capsid proteins (Vp25, Vp24 and Vp20). The complete nucleotide sequences of RNA1 and RNA2 were determined to be 6815 nt and 3384 nt excluding the 3′ poly(A) tail, respectively. RNA1 contains two partially overlapping ORFs encoding polypeptides of molecular mass 23 kDa (23K; ORF1) and 235 kDa (235K; ORF2); RNA2 has a single ORF encoding a polypeptide of 108 kDa (108K). The 235K protein has, in order, consensus motifs of the protease cofactor, the NTP-binding helicase, the cysteine protease and the RNA polymerase, in good agreement with the gene arrangement of viruses in the Comoviridae. The
Chenopodium acuminatum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Chenopodium murale is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.
American hop latent virus is distinct from the two other carlaviruses known to occur in hop, hop mosaic and hop latent; it is only very distantly related to them serologically, has a wider host range, and differs from them in causing obvious symptoms in several species, notably Datura stramonium and Chenopodium quinoa, both of which are immune to hop latent virus and sustain only symptomless local infection by hop mosaic virus. Symptoms caused by the latter two viruses in herbaceous hosts are too mild for diagnosis, and identification of all three viruses, which can occur together in hop, is best done by serology. ...
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
This tag should be used on existing categories that are likely to be used by others, even though the real category is elsewhere. Redirected categories should be empty and not categorised themselves. It should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people. Such categories should be tagged as ...
Summary: Study presentedin this PhD thesis focusedon the molecularbasis of flowering inductionin a short-dayplantChenopodiumrubrum.We lookedfor respectivehomologsof CONSTANS (CO), FLOWERING LOCUS T (FZ) and LEAFT (LFI) genes,which act as crucialregulatorsin thephotoperiod-dependentsignalpathvtayinArabidopsisthaliana. We identifiedtwoFT-like (FTL) genesCTFTL, aCTFTL2 ditreringin theirexpression pattemsin tefraploidC. rubrun. CTFTLI showedrhythmicexpressionpeakingin midday. ElevatedexpressionoÍCrFTL, wascorrelatedwithfloweringunderpermissivephotoperiodic treatnents,whereasit was not expressedat all undernon inductivephotoperiďic regimes CrFTL2 showedconstitutiveexpression.CrFTL, verylikely playsa Íoleas a floral inducer, butthefunctionof CTFTL2remarnsunknown. Two CO-lil&e (COZ) genes CTCOLI a CTCOL2 identified inC. rubrum are altemativelysplicedandproducetwovariantsoftranscripts.Oneofthem wasstandardwith oneintronlocatedin conservativesite,theotheronehadanadditionalintronconespondingto ...
Virus-like particle (VLP) platform represents a promising approach for the generation of efficient and immunogenic subunit vaccines. Here, the feasibility of using grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) VLPs as a new carrier for the presentation of human papillomavirus (HPV) L2 epitope was studied. To achieve this goal, a model of the HPV L2 epitope secondary structure was predicted and its insertion within 5 external loops in the GFLV capsid protein (CP) was evaluated. The epitope sequence was genetically inserted in the αB-αB
The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the closely related spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico - and pseudocereals. These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender shoots and leaves of a species called krouvida (κρουβίδα) or psarovlito (ψαρόβλητο) are eaten by the locals, boiled or steamed. As studied by Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex, and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe. Members of the eastern Yamnaya culture also harvested white goosefoot as an apparent cereal substitute to round out an otherwise mostly meat and dairy diet c. 3500-2500 BCE. There is ...
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Thrips-transmitted Iris yellow spot virus (genus Tospovirus, family Bunyaviridae) is an economically important pathogen of onion bulb and seed crops in the USA and other parts of the world (2,4). Studies on biological characteristics of the virus have been limited due to difficulties in obtaining consistent and reproducible mechanical transmission and lack of indicator hosts. The existence of strains of IYSV is not known though differences in symptomatology, disease severity, and yield losses could be attributed to the presence of different IYSV strains. To better understand the biological diversity of IYSV, several plant species were evaluated for their response to mechanical inoculation with IYSV under controlled greenhouse conditions. Seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana COL 1, Capsicum annuum (Serrano pepper), Cerastium glomeratum (mouse ear chickweed), Chenopodium quinoa, Datura innooxia, D. ferox, D. stramonium, Nicotiana benthamiana, N. tabacum, Solanum melongena (egg plant), and Vigna ...
According to Davis, the plant genus Chenopodium includes the cultivated species, quinoa, and at least one problematic weed, lambsquarters, along with several other wild species in Northern New England and about 150 wild species worldwide. So far, researchers have documented the existence of four wild/weedy Chenopodium species in Northern New England, including the familiar lambsquarters as well as three others.. One of these, Chenopodium berlandieri, currently appears to be the most suitable breeding partner for quinoa. They also have confirmed that several existing, commercial quinoa varieties are challenging to grow successfully as a crop in Durham, and that the fungal disease downy mildew is one of the quinoa production challenges to be overcome by breeding.. Existing quinoa varieties are adapted to regions with less humid fall seasons, and do not mature well here. However, some of quinoas weedy relatives are very successful and well-adapted as weeds in Northern New England, Davis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Novel arabinan and galactan oligosaccharides from dicotyledonous plants. AU - Wefers, Daniel. AU - Tyl, Catrin E.. AU - Bunzel, Mirko. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Arabinans and galactans are neutral pectic side chains and an important part of the cell walls of dicotyledonous plants. To get a detailed insight into their fine structure, various oligosaccharides were isolated from quinoa, potato galactan, and sugar beet pulp after enzymatic treatment. LC-MS2 and one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy were used for unambiguous structural characterization. It was demonstrated that arabinans contain β-(1→3)-linked arabinobiose as a side chain in quinoa seeds, while potato galactan was comprised of β-(1→4)-linked galactopyranoses which are interspersed with α-(1→4)-linked arabinopyranoses. Additionally, an oligosaccharide with two adjacent arabinofuranose units O2-substituted with two ferulic acid monomers was characterized. The isolated oligosaccharides gave further insight ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
Considered a leafy vegetable, its actually a weed that grows in waste places and with other cultivated crops. It is found throughout the tropical regions.
A new pelargonium plant particularly distinguished by red flowers, an upright and compact growth habit, and strong branching, is disclosed.
Pelargonium helps improve respiratory comfort by supporting healthy sinus, nasal and bronchial functions, and it can help reduce the extent of manifestations.
Quinoa Quinoa is an ancient food that is not yet well known in North America. It has been cultivated in South American since at least 3,000 B.C. It is a genus Chenopodium, belongs to familyAmaranthaceae, a grain-like crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. Nutritional supplements 1. Carbohydrates 2. Starch 3. Dietary fiber 4. Fat …. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Shop Gedy by Nameeks Hibiscus Free Standing Toilet Brush Set at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of Gedy by Nameeks Hibiscus Free Standing Toilet Brush Set and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
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If you have questions, need help, find a bug or just want to give us feedback you may use this form, or contact us per e-mail [email protected] or by phone 46 (0)31-772 3744. ...
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Two members of the Benyviridae family, Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), possess identical genome organisation, host range and high sequence similarity. To understand functional differences in molecular biology, pathogenicity mechanisms, symptom expression as well as interaction with the host and between viral species, a reverse genetic system represents a prerequisite. Infectious cDNA full length clones of both viruses were constructed by isothermal in vitro recombination. Artificial formation of BNYVV and BSBMV RNA1+2 reassortants were viable and spread long distance in N. benthamiana. Small genomic RNAs were exchangeable and systemically infected B. macrocarpa. Moreover, fluorescence labelled full length clones were achieved by replacing a part of the RNA2 encoded coat protein read through domain. Co infection experiments with labelled BSBMV and BNYVV showed that both viruses remained spatially separated after N. benthamiana agroinoculation. In ...
The temperature-inducible expression vector containing the beet necrotic yellow vein virus(BNYVV)isolate NM coat protein gene was constructed and transferred into E. coli DH5 α. High-level expression of the specific protein was achieved by temperature induction. The results of SDSPAGE and Western blotting show that the expression product which accumulates 19.5% of the total cellular proteins estimated by Shimadzu CS-910 scanning is 21kd BNYVV coat protein.
Read Distribution of various types and P25 subtypes of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus in Germany and other European countries, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Chenopodium albumL. is a major weed in spring-planted crops in the temperate regions of the world. Since 2000, farmers have reported an unsatisfactory control of this weed in sugar beet fields in Belgium, France and The Netherlands. Frequently, the survivingC. albumplants are resistant to metamitron, a key herbicide in this crop. Metamitron resistance inC. albumis caused by a Ser264 to Gly mutation in the psbA gene on the chloroplast genome, which prevents binding of metamitron to its target site. This mutation causes also resistance to other herbicides with a similar mode of action, like metribuzin -applied in potato- and atrazine in particular. Atrazine has been applied very frequently in maize in the 1970s and the 1980s, but is now banned in Europe due to environmental reasons. The persistent use of atrazine in maize confronted Belgian and other European farmers in the early 1980s with atrazine resistantC. albumwith the same Ser264 to Gly mutation. The problems with atrazine resistantC. ...
Chenopodium albumL. is a major weed in spring-planted crops in the temperate regions of the world. Since 2000, farmers have reported an unsatisfactory control of this weed in sugar beet fields in Belgium, France and The Netherlands. Frequently, the survivingC. albumplants are resistant to metamitron, a key herbicide in this crop. Metamitron resistance inC. albumis caused by a Ser264 to Gly mutation in the psbA gene on the chloroplast genome, which prevents binding of metamitron to its target site. This mutation causes also resistance to other herbicides with a similar mode of action, like metribuzin -applied in potato- and atrazine in particular. Atrazine has been applied very frequently in maize in the 1970s and the 1980s, but is now banned in Europe due to environmental reasons. The persistent use of atrazine in maize confronted Belgian and other European farmers in the early 1980s with atrazine resistantC. albumwith the same Ser264 to Gly mutation. The problems with atrazine resistantC. ...
Propagation Using Cuttings. Propagation of Scented Pelargoniums from seeds is a difficult task. You can take the stem cuttings from the main stem which are 3-4 inches long and with at least four leaf nodes for rooting. Remove the leaves from the bottom quarter of the stem cutting and plant them in well-drained rooting medium. Keep the medium moist till the stem gets rooted. Transplant to the growing medium and set them out, when there is no danger from the frost.. Pruning. You can make the pelargonium plant look full and bushy by pinching or pruning the plant occasionally. When the plant grows large to reduce the stems just prune it back. The best time to prune these plants is during spring. Pruning in spring will give the plant enough time to set new buds and produce flowers.. The Best Fertiliser For Scented Pelargoniums. These plants require very less feeding and low fertiliser levels to improve the fragrance of the leaves. Potted plants may require some excess feeding than the one grown in ...
Dysfunctional patterns of activation in brain reward networks have been suggested as a core element in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether this dysfunction is specific to schizophrenia or can be continuously observed across persons with different levels of nonclinical and clinical symptom expression. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether the pattern of reward system dysfunction is consistent with a dimensional or categorical model of psychosis-like symptom expression. 23 patients with schizophrenia and 37 healthy control participants with varying levels of psychosis-like symptoms, separated into 3 groups of low, medium, and high symptom expression underwent event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing a Cued Reinforcement Reaction Time task. We observed lower activation in the ventral striatum during the expectation of high vs no reward to be associated with higher symptom expression across all participants. No significant ...
mint scented leaf pelargonium aka scented geraniums, buy perfumed plants with confidence from the UKs original and 1st online organic scented pelargonium specialist nursery. mail order jumbo starter plants not baby plugs, select from 130 types
scented leaf pelargonium aka scented geraniums, buy perfumed plants with confidence from the UKs original and 1st online organic scented pelargonium specialist nursery. mail order jumbo starter plants not baby plugs, select from 130 types
Allergens, Patients, Ige, Inhibition, Pollen, Skin, Mite, Proteins, Tomato, Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Album, Diseases, Elisa, Methods, Salsola, Sds-page, Sensitivity, Fruit, Fruits
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The hibiscus (Hibiscus spp.) is grown for its large, vibrant blooms, which provide a tropical atmosphere to your garden. The large genus consists of over 200 species that -- depending on the specific variety -- grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 11. Hibiscus can unfortunately come under ...
Based on your description, it sounds like you have a lovely form of the tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus sinensis) and as such, it must not be allowed to freeze or it will die. When the weather turns cool you will need to bring it indoors and keep it in a very bright sunny area for the winter. The temperature should be at least 45 degrees, but normal household temperature would be better. Good luck with your hibiscus ...
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Comment: The life cycle habit indicates the typical duration of an individual plants life. Common values are annual, biennial, and perennial. Some plants have different durations depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value ...
Pistils of a Hibiscus flower. Extreme macro. Shot in Zhuhais Shihuashan Park. Recommended: |a href=http://bighugelabs.com/flickr/onblack.php?id=3122485336 rel=nofollow|View On Black|/a| Explore #257 on Monday, December 22, 2008 |a href=http://loc.alize.us/#/flickr:3122485336 rel=nofollow|See where this picture was taken.|/a| |a href=http://www.flickr.com/groups/geotagging/discuss/72157594165549916/|[?]|/a| |b||u||a href=http://flickr.com/people/cnmark/|© All Rights Reserved|/a||/u| - you may not use this image in any form without my prior permission.|/b|
Perfect Storm hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos) is a compact variety of rose mallow. Learn how to grow this hardy perennial for late-summer color.
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Like other genus of hibiscus, the Swamp Hibiscus grows in many different colors, white,, yellow, pink etc. Thank you John.. LikeLike. ...
Growing hibiscus is an easy way to add a tropical flair to your garden. When you know how to care for hibiscus plants, you will be rewarded with
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Hibiscus is poisonous to cats. A cat that ingests hibiscus experiences nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. It often refuses to eat, and it may even develop...
These are some images of my yellow hibiscus in my garden.I hope you like them! Thank you all for your kind and useful comments and your votes . All are appreciated !
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Gardening question - Will it be ok to plant my new Hibiscus in the spot that I take up the struggling dicentra from? It is in quite a wet, exposed place but drains quite
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Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis image
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areria, Phaseolus sp., Chenopodium quinoa var. quinoa, C. quinoa cf. var. melanospermum, Amaranthus sp.; Pozancón 1: Solanum cf ... Culitivated plants included: Maize (Zea mays), Madi (Madia chilensis), Quinoa (Chenopodium quinua), Sunflower (Helianthus sp. ... Ipomea/Manihot.; Casa del Sol 8: Zea mays.; El Alto 3: Polylepis autralis, Maytenus boaria.; Quebrada del Real 1: Chenopodium ... Lithraea molloides.; C.Pun.39: Prosopis sp., Chenopodium/Amaranthus sp., Zea mays, P. vulgaris, P. lunatis, Cucurbita sp.; Río ...
In host range studies, the virus causes local lesions on Chenopodium quinoa and C. amaraticolor (Amaranthaceae). "About Plant ...
... (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch James LE (2009). "Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties". ... "European Quinoa Group". www.quinoaeurope.eu. Retrieved 2015-12-27.. *^ Pret A Manger - The journey of our British quinoa, ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ...
Chenopodium quinoa - quinoa (western Andes of South America) Cichorium endivia - endive, including escarole Cichorium intybus ...
Chenopodium berlandieri, central US pre-Columbian) Quinoa Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Marshelder (sumpweed, Iva annua, ...
Ruales, J; Nair, BM (1992). "Nutritional quality of the protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds". Plant Foods for ... Quinoa. 75.7%[16]. 82.6[16]. 91.7%[16]. 0.667[17]. None. Yes Soy. 2.2[1]. 61%[1]. 74[1]. 95-98%[12]. 3.9 g/h[7]. 0.91-1.0[4][1] ... Quinoa[26]. Corn[27]. Oat[28]. Hemp. seeds. (shelled)[29]. Green peas[30]. Soybeans (Edamame)[31]. Spirulina[32]. Chlorella[33] ... Quinoa. Corn. Oat. Hemp. seeds. (shelled). Green peas. Soybeans (Edamame). Spirulina. Chlorella. Whey. Casein. Egg white ...
"Nutritional quality of the protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds." Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1992 Jan;42(1):1-11.[1] ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Neotropic terrestrial ecoregionsEdit. Neotropic Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests * ...
... is part of the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity's Ark of Taste. Quinoa Crook, Steven. "Not Your ... Chenopodium formosanum is a cereal. It has a high fiber and protein content. Chenopodium formosanum was a key component of the ... Chenopodium formosanum is a Chenopodium species native to Taiwan. It was a key component of the diets of Taiwanese indigenous ... Chenopodium formosanum is known in the Paiwan language as djulis. In Chinese it is known as 紅藜 (simplified 红藜, literally "red ...
Chenopodium quinoa Willd.. Quinoa. Chenopodiaceae. Alopolyploidno porijeklo. Upitno. Neizvjesno. Poliploid (tetraploid). -. ...
The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium ... Archiatriplex, Atriplex, Axyris, Baolia, Blitum, Ceratocarpus, Chenopodiastrum, Chenopodium, Cycloloma, Dysphania, Exomis, ...
... (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch, James L. E. (2009). Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ... a b c d e Cinthya Verastegui Effel, 'Implications of the Quinoa Boom on the Farmers' Income: How do changes in the quinoa ...
These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender ... a b c d e f g Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Pertti Uotila, Thomas Borsch: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium ... Chenopodium acuminatum Willd.. *Chenopodium album - white goosefoot, nickel greens, dungweed, bathua, chandali, chandaliya, fat ... Quinoa oil, extracted from the seeds of C. quinoa, has similar properties, but is superior in quality, to corn oil. Oil of ...
Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. P. Uotila (2011). «Chenopodium». Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). - In: Euro+Med Plantbase ... Mest kjent er den søramerikanske quinoa. Systematikk[rediger , rediger kilde]. Denne gruppen ble i eldre systematikk regnet til ... en) Kategori:Chenopodium - bilder, video eller lyd på Wikimedia Commons. *(en) Chenopodium - galleri av bilder, video eller lyd ... Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. A.P. Sukhorukov og M. Zhang (2013). «Fruit and seed anatomy of Chenopodium and related genera ...
Quinoa ~ Botanical Name: Chenopodium quinoa. Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather ... golden spade plant the first quinoa seeds of the season. At the solstice, priests bearing golden vessels filled with quinoa ... Once cooked, quinoa is delicious and extremely versatile; it may be used in the place of almost any other grain, including rice ... Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during ...
Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ...
A genetic linkage map of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) based on AFLP, RAPD, and SSR markers. Theor Appl Genet 109:1188-1195. [ ... Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). J Genet 87:39-51. [ Links ... Table 7 Analysis of microsatellites used in the genotyping of 26 varieties of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). ... Assessment of genetic diversity in the USDA and CIP-FAO international nursery collections of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd ...
Chenopodium Quinoa Seed Extract: restores skin barrier function and is a rich source of vitamins C & E. ... Chenopodium Quinoa Seed Extract, Dipeptide-2, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Copernica Cenifera (Carnauba) Wax, Decyl Glucoside, ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN ... www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 ...
The Plant List link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (Source: KewGarden WCSP). *Tropicos link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (+ sub-taxa) ... Pages in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. ... Media in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. ... Chenopodium quinoa -red faro- MHNT.BOT.2007.43.66.jpg 4,656 × 3,372; 5.8 MB. ...
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"Nutritional value and use of the Andean crops quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule)." Food reviews ... "Chemical and nutritional characterization of Chenopodium pallidicaule (cañihua) and Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) seeds." ... "Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ... "Cultivation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) under temperate climatic conditions in Denmark." The Journal of Agricultural Science ...
ABELLAN RUIZ, María Salud et al. Effect of quinua (Chenopodium quinoa) consumption as a coadjuvant in nutritional intervention ... Palabras clave : Chenopodium quinoa; Prediabetes; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Body mass index; Glycated hemoglobin; Satiation; ... Results: Twenty-nine patients (placebo, n = 10; quinoa, n = 19) completed the study, and the quinoa group shows a significant ... Introduction: Quinoa is a pseudocereal containing low glycemic index carbohydrates, dietary fiber, high biological value ...
Quinoa is an interesting plant whose capacity to tolerate adverse environmental factors and exceptional nutritional qualities ... Quinua (Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America ... value of average heterozygosity was 0.38 which is considered low compared to other studies of genetic diversity in Chenopodium ... Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America. Quinoa ...
In addition, cooked and baked quinoa seeds retain most of their TPC, TFC and FRAP AA in the final product. Thus, red quinoa ... Our results indicate that red quinoa seed contains significantly higher levels of TPC, TFC and FRAP AA than yellow quinoa seeds ... Due to their high antioxidant activity, red quinoa seeds might also contribute significantly to the management and/or ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), Ka?iwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and Iwicha (Amaranthus caudatus)," Food Chemistry, Vol. 120, ...
... tocopherol/tocotrienol compositions and antioxidant activities in seeds of three Chenopodium quinoa Willd. Genotypes., Food ... Black quinoa had the highest vitamin E followed by red and white quinoas. Carotenoids, mainly trans-lutein (84.7-85.6%) and ... tocopherol/tocotrienol compositions and antioxidant activities in seeds of three Chenopodium quinoa Willd. Genotypes.. Tang, Y ... and their contribution to antioxidant activities were investigated in seeds of three coloured quinoa cultivars (white, red and ...
Nutritional value and use of the Andean crops quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule). Food Rev. Int ... Chemical and nutritional characterization of Chenopodium pallidicaule (canihua) and Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) seeds. Emirates ... Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int. J. Food ... Ultrastructure of quinoa fruit (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Food Struct., 3: 165-173.. Direct Link , 51: Vilche, C., M. Gely and ...
Sowing density effect on photosynthetic activity of Chenopodium quinoa var. CICA ("quinoa") in the Argentinean Northwest. ... Sowing density effect on photosynthetic activity of Chenopodium quinoa var. CICA ("quínoa") in the Argentinean Northwest.. Bol ... Palabras clave : Chenopodium, sowing density, photosynthesis, pigments.. · resumen en Español · texto en Español · Español ( ... Quinoa crop to obtain grain for human consumption has begun to spread in the region of Calchaquíes Valleys (Tucumán, Argentina ...
Keywords: ancestry, Chenopodium quinoa. Abstract: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is an important crop of the Andean region of ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ... The introns in FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE (FTL) genes are useful markers for tracking paternity in tetraploid Chenopodium quinoa ...
Chenopodium quinoa Ab.IgE:ACnc:Pt:Ser:Qn. Known as: Chenopodium quinoa Antibody.immunoglobulin E:Arbitrary Concentration:Point ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd., Amaranthaceae) is a grain-like, stress-tolerant food crop that has provided subsistence… ... Four varieties of an Andean indigenous crop, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), were evaluated as a source of dietary fiber… ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd.) as a source of dietary fiber and other functional components ...
Amaranthaceae (family), bitter quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa flour, quinoa seed, quinua, quinua ... Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int J Food Sci ... Quinoa is likely safe when quinoa seeds are used in food amounts, as quinoa has been used as a food for thousands of years. ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd) an important Andean food crop. Arch Latinoam.Nutr 1992;42(3):232-241. ...
Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ...
Draw blood in a plain red-top tube(s), serum gel tube(s) is acceptable. Spin down and send 0.5 mL of serum refrigerated in a plastic vial.
Rights & permissionsfor article Correction: Corrigendum: The genome of ,i,Chenopodium quinoa,/i, . Opens in a new window. ... Rights & permissionsfor article The genome of ,i,Chenopodium quinoa,/i, . Opens in a new window. ...
Chenopodium quinoa) IgE testing, Viracor Eurofins delivers your results faster, when it matters most. ... 2F38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige%2F&base_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.viracor-eurofins.com%2Ftest-menu%2F38110a-quinoa- ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/. *sdk.environment=production;sdk.charset=UTF-8;api. ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/ ...
areria, Phaseolus sp., Chenopodium quinoa var. quinoa, C. quinoa cf. var. melanospermum, Amaranthus sp.; Pozancón 1: Solanum cf ... Culitivated plants included: Maize (Zea mays), Madi (Madia chilensis), Quinoa (Chenopodium quinua), Sunflower (Helianthus sp. ... Ipomea/Manihot.; Casa del Sol 8: Zea mays.; El Alto 3: Polylepis autralis, Maytenus boaria.; Quebrada del Real 1: Chenopodium ... Lithraea molloides.; C.Pun.39: Prosopis sp., Chenopodium/Amaranthus sp., Zea mays, P. vulgaris, P. lunatis, Cucurbita sp.; Río ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; this species is associated with ... Zurita-Silva A., Fuentes F., Zamora P., Jacobsen S. E., Schwember A. R. (2014) Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): ... Crops Plant science Plant Breeding Varieties Genomics Farmers Seeds Drylands Stress Drought Evolution Nutrition Policy Quinoa ... In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch, James L. E. (2009). Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ... a b c d e Cinthya Verastegui Effel, Implications of the Quinoa Boom on the Farmers Income: How do changes in the quinoa ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch James LE (2009). "Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties". ... "European Quinoa Group". www.quinoaeurope.eu. Retrieved 2015-12-27.. *^ Pret A Manger - The journey of our British quinoa, ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ...
ethanol water extract from husk of Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodiaceae IUPAC Name:. ethanol water extract from husk of ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is a highly salt-tolerant species subdivided into five ecotypes and exhibiting broad intra- ... Salares versus coastal ecotypes of quinoa: Salinity responses in Chilean landraces from contrasting habitats.. Ruiz KB1, Aloisi ...
Chenopodium formosanum is part of the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversitys Ark of Taste. Quinoa Crook, Steven. "Not Your ... Chenopodium formosanum is a cereal. It has a high fiber and protein content. Chenopodium formosanum was a key component of the ... Chenopodium formosanum is a Chenopodium species native to Taiwan. It was a key component of the diets of Taiwanese indigenous ... Chenopodium formosanum is known in the Paiwan language as djulis. In Chinese it is known as 紅藜 (simplified 红藜, literally "red ...
Quinoa Saponins [Saponins of Chenopodium]. *Quillaja extract [Quillaja Saponins]. Quarter 4 FY2019. ...
Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). In: Journal of the Science ... Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Journal of the Science of ... 1999). Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Journal of the ... Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). / Renard, CMGC; Wende, G; ...
Chenopodium ambrosioides is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.7 m (2ft 4in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is ... Chenopodium pratericola. Desert Goosefoot. Annual. 1.0. - LMH. N. M. 2. 0. Chenopodium quinoa. Quinoa, Goosefoot, Pigweed, Inca ... Chenopodium acuminatum. Annual. 0.6. - LMH. N. M. 2. 0. Chenopodium album. Fat Hen, Lambsquarters. Annual. 0.9. 0-0 LMH. N. M. ... Chenopodium graveolens. Foetid Goosefoot. Annual. 0.9. - LMH. N. M. 2. 1. Chenopodium hybridum. Annual. 1.5. - LMH. N. M. 2. 1 ...
  • Genetic identity based on simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • Identidad genética basada en marcadores de repetición de secuencia simple (SSR) para Quinua ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • therefore, the most informative SSR primers in the present study would be made up of three markers with PIC, QCA053 (0.87), QCA015 (0.86) and QCA034 (0.86), for determining the genetic identity of Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (conicyt.cl)
  • This study highlighted the extended diversity regenerated among the 72 accessions and helped to identify potentially adapted quinoa genotypes for production in the Moroccan coastal environment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Molecular markers based on simple sequence repeats (SSRs) constitute a highly effective instrument in the identification of quinoa genotypes ( Chenopodium quinoa ), and they are very useful in the management and conservation of germplasm banks. (conicyt.cl)
  • The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho-phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. (frontiersin.org)
  • These markers can be easily interpreted and are useful for the molecular characterization of quinoa varieties. (conicyt.cl)
  • Analysis of the hierarchical clusters using UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method) clustering identified 5 groups at a similarity coefficient of 0.77 among the quinoa varieties studied in this research. (conicyt.cl)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is an ancient Andean seed crop of exceptional nutritional, and in particular protein, quality ( Koziol, 1992 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Its cultivation has expanded within the past decade beyond its traditional range to more than 70 countries ( Food Agriculture Organization of United Nations [FAO], 2012 ), although the Andean nations of Peru and Bolivia are still primary quinoa producers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Biologically, C. quinoa belongs to an allotetraploid (2 n = 4 x = 36) complex found throughout the New World and whose root is the North American weed pitseed goosefoot ( C. berlandieri ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinua (Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow) is a pseudocereal of Amaranthace family which originated from the Andes of South America. (academicjournals.org)
  • Los marcadores moleculares basados en repeticiones de secuencia simple (SSRs) constituyen un instrumento altamente efectivo en la identificación de genotipos de quinua ( Chenopodium quinoa ), y son muy útiles en el manejo y conservación de bancos de germoplasma. (conicyt.cl)
  • Culitivated plants included: Maize (Zea mays), Madi (Madia chilensis), Quinoa (Chenopodium quinua), Sunflower (Helianthus sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domesticated populations of the South American grain chenopod quinua (Chenopodium quinoa subsp.quinoa) have been formally classified on the basis of pigmentation and inflorescence morphology, and informally grouped according to ecotypic variation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The United Nations General Assembly declared 2013 as the ' International Year of Quinoa ', in recognition of ancestral practices of the Andean people, who have managed to preserve quinoa in its natural state as food for both present and future generations. (fao.org)
  • As the implementing agency for the International Year of Quinoa , FAO coordinated a wide variety of events and the result of this activity is a new generation of projects promoting quinoa around the world. (fao.org)
  • The year 2013 was exceptional for alternative crops as it was the international year of quinoa celebrated by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (springer.com)
  • The growth that was anticipated after the International Year of Quinoa in 2013 has proven to be most beneficial for Peru. (cbi.eu)
  • There are over one hundred varieties of quinoa. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Once you've got that, you can start to build a picture about how different varieties of quinoa are related to each other, genetically, and where the variations are in the genomes. (natureasia.com)
  • There are over 3,000 varieties of quinoa, many of which are still grown and several of which are commercialised. (cbi.eu)
  • Scientists have created the first high-quality reference genome for quinoa - a highly nutritious, gluten-free, resilient grain touted for its high salt tolerance and potential to improve global food security 1 . (natureasia.com)
  • Mark Tester, professor of plant science at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia, and colleagues, sequenced the genome of a Chilean coastal variety of quinoa, along with the genomes of some of its close relatives, providing insights into quinoa's genetic diversity, biology and the evolution of its genome. (natureasia.com)
  • It was no easy feat given that 64% of the quinoa genome consists of repetitive DNA, making it harder to pinpoint clusters of unique sequence needed for a complete picture of quinoa's genome. (natureasia.com)
  • The scientists determined the sequence of the DNA-building blocks of the entire quinoa genome. (wur.nl)
  • The job has been challenging because quinoa doesn't just have one genome, like a human, it has two, which are dubbed A and B. This is the result of a hybridisation event - like a genetic merger - between two different ancestors of the plant a few million years ago. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Compositional and nutritional evaluation of quinoa whole grain flour and mill fractions. (scialert.net)
  • Traditionally, the quinoa grain is roasted and then made to flour to make different types of breads. (fao.org)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of amaranth, quinoa and maca flour addition at different levels on the physical-chemical, rheological and sensory properties of panettone. (bvsalud.org)
  • Composite flours of wheat and amaranth, quinoa or maca flours in percentages of 10 %, 20 %, 30 % and 40 % addition were evaluated during the different stages of production flour blends, fermented dough, baked dough and finished product. (bvsalud.org)
  • Lactic acid bacteria were isolated and identified from quinoa flour, spontaneously fermented quinoa dough, and type I quinoa sourdough. (unibz.it)
  • A wheat bread was made using 20% (w/w) of quinoa sourdough, and compared to baker's yeast wheat breads manufactured with or without quinoa flour. (unibz.it)
  • The use of quinoa sourdough improved the chemical, textural, and sensory features of wheat bread, showing better performances compared to the use of quinoa flour. (unibz.it)
  • This study exploited the potential of quinoa flour through sourdough fermentation. (unibz.it)
  • Methods: A randomized-controlled, double-blind crossover trial was conducted in which consenting healthy adults aged 50-75 years (n = 40) consumed 15 g quinoa biscuits (60 g quinoa flour/100 g) or control iso-energetic biscuits (made using wheat flour) daily for 28 consecutive days (4 weeks), in addition to their normal diet. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • Quinoa is gluten-free, and the flour is a good substitute for wheat flour. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Use quinoa flour instead of wheat flour in your muffins, pancakes, cookies, or any time you bake. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You can also purchase quinoa flour, pasta, and cereal products. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The purpose of the present research was to develop novel flat bread supplemented with quinoa flour to raise its nutritional quality and functional properties. (hindawi.com)
  • Also, the amino acids content was increased with increasing the percentage of quinoa flour. (hindawi.com)
  • Physicosensory characteristics of the bread fortified with quinoa flour were evaluated and the most of panelists accepted and preferred the bread supplemented with quinoa flour more than control. (hindawi.com)
  • The obtained unique nutritional, physicochemical, and organoleptic characteristics of quinoa flour-based flat bread open a new promising prospect for utilization of quinoa flour in an industrial scale for treatment and/or prevention of malnutrition in developing counties. (hindawi.com)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa crop to obtain grain for human consumption has begun to spread in the region of Calchaquíes Valleys (Tucumán, Argentina) over 2,000 m asl. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Because quinoa is a new alternative crop, must be carried out ecophysiological and agronomic studies to get its adequate management. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is an important crop of the Andean region of South America. (cas.cz)
  • Quinoa is apromising grain crop owing to its salt and drought tolerance. (cas.cz)
  • In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the crop from urban consumers and the industry. (blogspot.com)
  • As a result of increased popularity and consumption in North America, Europe, and Australasia , [7] [8] quinoa crop prices tripled between 2006 and 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa is an Andean crop, known as "kiuna" or "kinwa" in the Quechua language and "jupha" or "jiura" in the Aymara language [ 12 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • In Algeria is to adapt the quinoa plant to the possibility of being used as a new crop contributing to the diversity of food and the generalization of crops on land affected by salinity and scarcity of water resources. (univ-biskra.dz)
  • The geographical increase in distribution of quinoa has highlighted the difficulty of access to quality seed, which is a key factor for testing the crop outside the Andes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Weed flora and seed yield in quinoa crop (Chenopodium quinoaWilld. (cambridge.org)
  • An international team of scientists, including quinoa breeding experts from Wageningen University & Research, published the complete DNA sequence of quinoa - the food crop that is conquering the world from South America - in Nature magazine on 8 February 2017. (wur.nl)
  • Ancient civilisations in the Andes already used quinoa as an important food crop. (wur.nl)
  • It faded into the background with the arrival of the Spanish, however, which is why quinoa was never truly 'domesticated' despite being such a good and healthy food crop. (wur.nl)
  • As a result, quinoa is seen as a crop that can help produce extra food with fewer inputs of water and fertiliser. (wur.nl)
  • Importantly, by working out how quinoa does it, it might even be possible to move the genes responsible into other key crop plants, to reinforce rice, soy or cereals, although this is still some way off. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa ) is an ancient grain crop that was originally domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago in the Andean region of Bolivia and Peru. (cbi.eu)
  • Although Peru and Bolivia are still the main global suppliers, many other countries now aspire to cultivate and export quinoa (read about quinoa becoming a worldwide crop below). (cbi.eu)
  • The recent progress, together with the declaration of "The International Year of the Quinoa" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipates a bright future for this ancient species. (blogspot.com)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is believed to have been domesticated in the Peruvian Andes from wild or weed populations of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium formosanum is a Chenopodium species native to Taiwan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its genetic variability indicates quinoa as an oligocentric species with widely distributed centre of origin and multiple diversification. (fao.org)
  • Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as "Indian food" but it has never disappeared despite the introduction of Old World species. (frontiersin.org)
  • Chenopodium is a genus of numerous species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants known as the goosefoots , which occur almost anywhere in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species of Chenopodium (s.str. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whatever you call it, Chenopodium album and its edible sisters - there are dozens of useful species - is a versatile weed that offers incredible amounts of nourishment to those who harvest it instead of cursing it. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • In current years, the chemical composition, nutraceutical applications, and processing effects of quinoa have been investigated and described [ 4 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Biologically, C. quinoa belongs to an allotetraploid (2 n = 4 x = 36) complex found throughout the New World and whose root is the North American weed pitseed goosefoot ( C. berlandieri ). (frontiersin.org)
  • These include white goosefoot ( C. album ), kañiwa ( C. pallidicaule ) and quinoa ( C. quinoa ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. (hub-uk.com)
  • Reviewers till now have focused on composition of this underutilized grain but extensive research work has now proved potential health benefits of quinoa. (scialert.net)
  • Gluten free grain quinoa has been found to exhibit anti oxidative, anti hypertensive, anti diabetic properties hence can be used as nutraceutical and functional food ingredient. (scialert.net)
  • In his royal commentaries, Garcilaso de la Vega, describes quinoa as one of the second grains cultivated on the face of the earth, somewhat resembling millet or short-grain rice. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa is a small, round, grain-like food that actually belongs to the fruit family. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When quinoa is finished cooking, you will see curly threads are around each grain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The novelty of the quinoa trade is over, but it has left a permanent mark on the grain consumption pattern. (cbi.eu)
  • Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • It is an allotetraploid closely related to Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. (cas.cz)
  • Chenopodium berlandieri is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). (pfaf.org)
  • R. Repo-Carrasco-Valencia, J. K. Hellstr?m, J.-M. Pihlava and P. H. Mattila, "Flavonoids and Other Phenolic Compounds in Andean Indigenous Grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), Ka?iwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and Iwicha (Amaranthus caudatus)," Food Chemistry, Vol. 120, 2010, pp. 128-133. (scirp.org)
  • O amaranto ( Amaranthus cruenthus L.) e a quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa W.) são pseudocereais que apresentam proteínas de elevado valor biológico e ácidos graxos insaturados além de outros compostos que atuam como antioxidantes . (bvsalud.org)
  • Amaranth ( Amaranthus cruenthus L.) and quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa W.) are pseudocereals which have proteins with high biological value and unsaturated fatty acids , as well as other compounds which act as antioxidants . (bvsalud.org)
  • R. Repo-Carrasco, C. Espinoza and S. E. Jacobsen, "Nutritional Value and Use of the Andean Crops Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and Kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule)," Food Reviews International, Vol. 19, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 179-189. (scirp.org)
  • Van Loo and his colleagues will be using the new knowledge in various ways, including the development of quinoa varieties which meet the demands of both consumers and farmers. (wur.nl)
  • He worked on the introduction of quinoa in Morocco within the EU funded SWUPMED project (2009-2013) where he adapted quinoa to the southern Morocco conditions and tested its response to deficit irrigation and salinity. (springer.com)
  • Quinoa has been cultivated in the Andes Incas for thousands of years. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • Quinoa breeding programs were not initiated until the 1960s in the Andes, and elsewhere from the 1970s onwards. (blogspot.com)
  • Originating in the Andes, quinoa is a natural food resource of high nutritive value that is increasingly being recognized as significant in food security, for present and future generations. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa has remained a staple food for indigenous people of the Andes over the centuries. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa is an interesting plant whose capacity to tolerate adverse environmental factors and exceptional nutritional qualities warrant further research in all fields of plant biology, agronomy, ecology and biotechnology. (academicjournals.org)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is a dicotyledonous annual plant, usually about 1-2 m (3-7 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa is an Andean plant which originated in the area surrounding Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia. (fao.org)
  • There is early evidence of its morphology on pottery from the Tiahuanaco culture depicting a quinoa plant with several panicles along its stem, which would suggest one of the more primitive strains of the plant. (fao.org)
  • As commercial production of quinoa is expected to develop, changes in international regulatory frameworks on genetic resources are needed in order to facilitate plant breeding for the most adaptive varieties for each region. (frontiersin.org)
  • Quinoa is in the same plant family with Swiss chard, spinach, and sugar beets. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is part of a plant family known for its growing power in extreme conditions, such as in poor soils, at high altitudes and even in saline soils. (wur.nl)
  • Publishing the results in Nature, KAUST plant scientist Mark Tester and his team have painstakingly unpicked the genetic code of quinoa and a number of its close relatives. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The quinoa plant, they now know, has about 1.3 billion genetic letters in its DNA code spelling out more than 44,000 genes spread across 18 chromosomes. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The toxicity category rating of the saponins in quinoa treats them as mild eye and respiratory irritants and as a low gastrointestinal irritant. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person may not be allergic to quinoa, but to its saponins. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Van Loo: "For example, we discovered mutations which ensure that certain quinoa varieties cannot produce bitter tasting saponins. (wur.nl)
  • These markers can be easily interpreted and are useful for the molecular characterization of quinoa varieties. (conicyt.cl)
  • Treatment with 0.02% chitosan and 0.2% potassium nitrate resulted in the highest allometric coefficient and root length.Highlights:Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase quinoa germination.Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase the content of chlorophyll a and b. (fao.org)
  • The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the closely related spinach ( Spinacia oleracea ) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico - and pseudocereals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Conclusion: Consumption of novel quinoa biscuits produced small, but favorable changes in body weight, BMI, and circulating cholesterol concentrations, all of which may contribute to lowered CVD risk in older adults. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • [12] There are non-cultivated quinoa plants ( Chenopodium quinoa var. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first Spaniard to note the cultivation of quinoa was Pedro de Valdivia who, on noticing the planted crops around Concepción, recorded that, for food, the native indians also sowed quinoa among other plants. (fao.org)
  • With the new knowledge of quinoa DNA, we can quickly and easily select plants that do not produce bitter substances in the breeding process. (wur.nl)
  • Using in vitro culture, we determined the effect of photoperiod during growth of Chenopodium rubrum mother plants on vegetative and reproductive development of offspring. (springer.com)
  • Mitrović, A., Giba, Z., Ćulafić, L.: The photoperiodic control of growth and development of Chenopodium rubrum L. plants in vitro . (springer.com)
  • Isolation of exopolysaccharide-producing yeast and lactic acid bacteria from quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) sourdough fermentation. (usda.gov)
  • Furthermore, alternative crops are often rich in proteins and minerals, and even some of them are Gluten free (quinoa). (springer.com)
  • 2012. Quinoa extract enriched in 20-hydroxyecdysone protects mice from diet-induced obesity and modulates adipokines expression. (scialert.net)
  • ethanol water extract from husk of Chenopodium. (europa.eu)
  • When exposed to different temperatures, the two surfactants showed stability up to 100°C. Regarding the pH, in the range between 4 and 8 the extract of C. quinoa remained stable, on the other hand, for the biosurfactant of P. aeruginosa, the range between 6 and 10 were better for stability. (cetjournal.it)
  • This formula is infused with the power of Quinoa Husk Extract and Phytic Acid to help refine and smooth uneven skin texture. (kiehls.com)
  • Quinoa Husk Extract is sustainably sourced from the protective outer shell of the Quinoa seed without chemical alteration and with minimal environmental impact. (kiehls.com)
  • Start with Phase 1 for the first 14 nights, formulated with 5% bio-acids such as fruit acids and quinoa husk extract that works to reduce the appearance of pores, improve skin's texture, and radiance. (lancome-usa.com)
  • [11] The conquistadors forbade quinoa cultivation at one point, [12] and the Incas were forced to grow wheat instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like the potato, quinoa was one of the main foods of the Andean peoples before the Incas. (fao.org)
  • Another favorite of the Incas, quinoa contains all nine amino acids , with particularly high levels of cystine, methionine and lysine. (evitamins.com)
  • After centuries of neglect, the potential of quinoa was rediscovered during the second half of the 20th century. (frontiersin.org)
  • FAOSTAT reports that, in the period 1992-2010, the cultivated area and total production of quinoa in the main producer countries of Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador almost doubled and tripled respectively. (fao.org)
  • Future opportunities in Europe will be driven by product development and the increasing use of quinoa as an ingredient. (cbi.eu)
  • Quinoa is also used by some people as a substitute for wheat, especially those on a gluten-free diet due to celiac disease or other conditions. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • There are already various quinoa varieties which produce food in places where other food crops, such as wheat and rice, have very poor yields. (wur.nl)
  • Chenopodium murale - L. (pfaf.org)
  • Chenopodium murale is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). (pfaf.org)
  • Black quinoa had the highest vitamin E followed by red and white quinoas. (gc.ca)
  • But you will most likely see yellow/ivory, red, or black quinoa in stores. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Its cultivation has expanded within the past decade beyond its traditional range to more than 70 countries ( Food Agriculture Organization of United Nations [FAO], 2012 ), although the Andean nations of Peru and Bolivia are still primary quinoa producers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Bolivia used to be the main exporter of quinoa to Europe until the year 2013. (cbi.eu)
  • Unlike other large importers, France still imports the majority of its quinoa from Bolivia, although Peru is closing the gap. (cbi.eu)
  • The present review covers recent research information on quinoa especially its potential health benefits to humans and also its nutritional content. (scialert.net)
  • Quinoa is recognized not only for its nutritional and dietary properties but also for its genetic diversity, adaptability to different agro-environmental conditions as well as the cultural and socio-economic benefits it has on the local environment. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa is rich in essential amino acids and nutritional fibres and does not contain gluten. (wur.nl)
  • Quinoa can be divided into different groups or ecotypes, reflecting its diffusion from the center of origin around Lake Titicaca. (frontiersin.org)
  • The European Union (EU) imported more than four times as much quinoa in 2016 than in 2012. (cbi.eu)
  • With an export volume (re-exports) of around 3,500 tonnes in 2016, the Netherlands is the main trade hub for quinoa. (cbi.eu)
  • This question has never really been answered, but one theory is that the Spaniards who carried maize and potatoes back to Europe in the sixteenth century may have tasted quinoa that had not been properly processed and would have been bitter to the palate and therefore failed to realise its potential. (hub-uk.com)
  • The genetic markers identified in the study may be used to popularize quinoa by developing non-bitter or sweet commercial varieties with reduced saponin levels, say the research authors. (natureasia.com)
  • Later, Cieza de León (1560) reported that quinoa was cultivated in the highlands of Pasto and Quito, mentioning that little maize but an abundance of quinoa was grown on these cold lands. (fao.org)
  • Eden Organic Red Quinoa - an ancient Pasankalla variety organically grown on family plots at over 12,000 ft. on the Andean Plateau. (iherb.com)
  • Quinoa, he says, can be grown using land and water not viable for traditional agriculture. (natureasia.com)
  • Quinoa is already very salt-tolerant, and can be grown in sand, using low-quality water, but it's far from industrialized. (natureasia.com)
  • A larger quinoa type grown on the Bolivian altiplano or highlands is marketed as Royal Quinoa ( Quinoa Real ). (cbi.eu)
  • We used the third introns of two FLOWERING LOCUST-LIKE genes, CrFTL1 and CrFTL2 as markers in an attempt to identify ancestral origins of the two diploid subgenomes of quinoa. (cas.cz)
  • Few resources have been available to push for the genetic improvement of quinoa until Tester's study, published online this week in Nature , which reports the sequencing of two diploids from the ancestral gene pools of quinoa, enabling the identification of sub-genomes. (natureasia.com)
  • The value of average heterozygosity was 0.38 which is considered low compared to other studies of genetic diversity in Chenopodium. (academicjournals.org)
  • Generations of farmers have been involved in quinoa selection, which explains the high levels of genetic diversity found today. (frontiersin.org)
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of consuming quinoa biscuits on markers of CVD risk over 4 weeks in free-living older adults. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • Chenopodium formosanum was a key component of the diets of Formosan indigenous peoples, but it had largely disappeared from cultivation by the 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, Patiño (1964) in his chronicles on La Pazmentions the use of quinoa as a source of food for the indigenous populations (Jimenes de la Espada, 1885, II, 68). (fao.org)
  • [14] Although lowering the saponin content through selective breeding to produce sweeter, more palatable varieties is complicated by ≈10% cross-pollination , [16] it is a major goal of quinoa breeding programs , which may include genetic engineering . (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural, hydrolyzed amino acids obtained from quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa). (makingcosmetics.com)
  • The use of amaranth, quinoa and buckwheat for the production of gluten-free pasta was investigated in the present study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Quinoa may lower triglyceride concentrations, compared to gluten-free bread and pasta. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • If you have celiac disease, or follow a gluten-free diet, quinoa is a great option. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa is gluten-free and deemed simple to digest. (hindawi.com)
  • There are archeological discoveries of quinoa in tombs of Tarapacá, Calama and Arica in Chile, and in different regions of Peru. (fao.org)
  • Other than its use as a food, there is insufficient evidence in humans to support the use of quinoa for any indication. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • The objective was to draw the world's attention to the role that quinoa could play in providing food security , nutrition and poverty eradication in support of achieving Millennium Development Goals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium formosanum is part of the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity's Ark of Taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • Faced with the challenge of increasing the production of quality food to feed the world's population in the context of climate change, quinoa offers an alternative for those countries suffering from food insecurity. (fao.org)
  • The promotion of quinoa is part of a broader FAO strategy to encourage the cultivation of traditional or forgotten crops as a means of contributing to food security. (fao.org)
  • Quinoa was cultivated and used by pre-Columbian civilizations and was replaced by cereals on the arrival of the Spanish, despite being a local staple food at the time. (fao.org)
  • Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as "Indian food. (frontiersin.org)
  • A person who has enjoyed quinoa without issues in the past may suddenly notice an allergic reaction after eating the food. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most major grocery stores carry bags of quinoa in their rice section or in their natural or organic food sections. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa may also be purchased online or at any health food store. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Quinoa has massive potential to make a big contribution to global food security because it can grow on marginal lands or lands beyond the margin. (natureasia.com)
  • More recently, amid concerns fuelled by a rising human population, grim climate change predictions and fears about food security, interest in quinoa is growing again. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Could quinoa solve worldwide food shortages? (thenakedscientists.com)