Chenopodium quinoa: A species of the Chenopodium genus which is the source of edible seed called quinoa. It contains makisterone A and other STEROIDS, some having ECDYSTEROID activity on insects.Chenopodium: A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.Chenopodium album: A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.Chenopodium ambrosioides: A plant species of the genus Chenopodium known for toxicity to intestinal worms and other simple organisms.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Beta vulgaris: A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).RNA, Satellite: Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)Rosales: An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.Nepovirus: A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Bromovirus: A genus of tripartite plant viruses in the family BROMOVIRIDAE. Transmission is by beetles. Brome mosaic virus is the type species.Potexvirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, that cause mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Transmission occurs mechanically. Potato virus X is the type species.Plant Viral Movement Proteins: Viral proteins that facilitate the movement of viruses between plant cells by means of PLASMODESMATA, channels that traverse the plant cell walls.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Amaranthaceae: A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Bidens: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Wheat Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Solanum melongena: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The fruit is a large, egg-shaped berry, varying in color from dark purple to red, yellowish, or white. The leaves are large and ovate. The flowers are pendant, violet, and two inches across.Datura stramonium: A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.Capsicum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates VANILLOID RECEPTORS. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.Tospovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Tomato spotted wilt virus is the type species. Transmission occurs by at least nine species of thrips.Badnavirus: A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Flexiviridae: A family of RNA plant viruses that infect a wide range of herbaceous and woody plant species. There are at least eight genera including POTEXVIRUS and CARLAVIRUS, both of which are highly immunogenic.Plum Pox Virus: A species of the genus POTYVIRUS that affects many species of Prunus. It is transmitted by aphids and by infected rootstocks.Prunus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.Potyvirus: A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.Plant Pathology: The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.South AmericaEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Central AmericaFloridaTexasDenture, Partial, Temporary: A partial denture intended for short-term use in a temporary or emergency situation.Compact Disks: Computer disks storing data with a maximum reduction of space and bandwidth. The compact size reduces cost of transmission and storage.PeruDiet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Dental Restoration, Temporary: A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)

Characterization and complete nucleotide sequence of Strawberry mottle virus: a tentative member of a new family of bipartite plant picorna-like viruses. (1/44)

An isolate of Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) was transferred from Fragaria vesca to Nicotiana occidentalis and Chenopodium quinoa by mechanical inoculation. Electron micrographs of infected tissues showed the presence of isometric particles of approximately 28 nm in diameter. SMoV-associated tubular structures were also conspicuous, particularly in the plasmodesmata of C. quinoa. DsRNA extraction of SMoV-infected N. occidentalis yielded two bands of 6.3 and 7.8 kbp which were cloned and sequenced. Gaps in the sequence, including the 5' and 3' ends, were filled using RT-PCR and RACE. The genome of SMoV was found to consist of RNA1 and RNA2 of 7036 and 5619 nt, respectively, excluding a poly(A) tail. Each RNA encodes one polyprotein and has a 3' non-coding region of approximately 1150 nt. The polyprotein of RNA1 contains regions with identities to helicase, viral genome-linked protein, protease and polymerase (RdRp), and shares its closest similarity with RNA1 of the tentative nepovirus Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV). The polyprotein of RNA2 displayed some similarity to the large coat protein domain of SDV and related viruses. Phylogenetic analysis of the RdRp region showed that SMoV falls into a separate group containing SDV, Apple latent spherical virus, Naval orange infectious mottling virus and Rice tungro spherical virus. Given the size of RNA2 and the presence of a long 3' non-coding region, SMoV is more typical of a nepovirus, although atypically for a nepovirus it is aphid transmissible. We propose that SMoV is a tentative member of an SDV-like lineage of picorna-like viruses.  (+info)

Solution structures of potato virus X and narcissus mosaic virus from Raman optical activity. (2/44)

Potato virus X (PVX) and narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) were studied using vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) in order to obtain new information on the structures of their coat protein subunits. The ROA spectra of the two intact virions are very similar to each other and similar to that of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) studied previously, being dominated by signals characteristic of proteins with helix bundle folds. In particular, PVX and NMV show strong positive ROA bands at approximately 1340 cm(-1) assigned to hydrated alpha-helix and perhaps originating in surface exposed helical residues, together with less strong positive ROA intensity in the range approximately 1297-1312 cm(-1) assigned to alpha-helix in a more hydrophobic environment and perhaps originating in residues at helix-helix interfaces. The positive approximately 1340 cm(-1) ROA band of TMV is less intense than those of PVX and NMV, suggesting that TMV contains less hydrated alpha-helix. Small differences in other spectral regions reflect differences in some loop, turn and side-chain compositions and conformations among the three viruses. A pattern recognition program based on principal component analysis of ROA spectra indicates that the coat protein subunit folds of PVX and NMV may be very similar to each other and similar to that of TMV. These results suggest that PVX and NMV may have coat protein subunit structures based on folds similar to the TMV helix bundle and hence that the helical architecture of the PVX and NMV particles may be similar to that of TMV but with different structural parameters.  (+info)

Heterologous movement protein strongly modifies the infection phenotype of cucumber mosaic virus. (3/44)

A hybrid virus (CMVcymMP) constructed by replacing the movement protein (MP) of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) with that of cymbidium ringspot tombusvirus (CymRSV) was viable and could efficiently spread both cell to cell and long distance in host plants. The hybrid virus was able to move cell to cell in the absence of functional CP, whereas CP-deficient CMV was restricted to single inoculated cells. In several Chenopodium and Nicotiana species, the symptom phenotype of the hybrid virus infection was clearly determined by the foreign MP gene. In Nicotiana debneyi and Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi, the hybrid virus could move systemically, contrary to CymRSV.  (+info)

The p23 protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus is indispensable for host-specific replication. (4/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) possesses a novel open reading frame (ORF) which encodes a putative 23-kDa protein (p23). We report here the in vivo detection of p23 and demonstrate its essential role in viral replication. The expression of p23 could be detected in protein extracts from transfected kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) protoplasts and in HCRSV-infected leaves. Further, direct immunoblotting of infected kenaf leaves also showed the presence of p23, and transient expression in onion and kenaf cells demonstrated that the protein is distributed throughout the cell. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that mutations introduced into the ORF of p23 abolished viral replication in kenaf protoplasts and plants but not in Chenopodium quinoa L. The loss of function of the p23 mutant M23/S33-1 could be complemented in trans upon the induced expression of p23 from an infiltrated construct bearing the ORF (pCam23). Altogether, these results demonstrate that p23 is a bona fide HCRSV protein that is expressed in vivo and suggest that p23 is indispensable for the host-specific replication of HCRSV. In addition, we show that p23 does not bind nucleic acids in vitro and does not act as a suppressor of posttranscriptional gene silencing in transgenic tobacco carrying a green fluorescent protein.  (+info)

Covariation in the capsid protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus induced by serial passaging in a host that restricts movement leads to avirulence in its systemic host. (5/44)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation of eight site-specific amino acids was found in the HCRSV capsid protein (CP) after serial passages in C. quinoa: Val(49)-->Ile, Ile(95)-->Val, Lys(270)-->Arg, Gly(272)-->Asp, Tyr(274)-->His, Ala(311)-->Asp, Asp(334)-->Ala, and Ala(335)-->Thr. Covariation of at least three of the eight amino acids, Val(49), Ile(95), and Lys(270), caused the virus to become avirulent in kenaf. Interestingly, the nature of the covariation was consistent and reproducible at each serial passage. These data indicate that the nonsynonymous substitutions of amino acids in the HCRSV CP after serial passages in C. quinoa are not likely to be random events but may be due to host-associated positive selection or accelerated genetic drift. The observed interdependence among the three amino acids leading to avirulence in kenaf may have implications for structural or functional relationships in this virus-host interaction.  (+info)

A transcriptionally active subgenomic promoter supports homologous crossovers in a plus-strand RNA virus. (6/44)

Genetic RNA recombination plays an important role in viral evolution, but its molecular mechanism is not well understood. In this work we describe homologous RNA recombination activity that is supported by a subgenomic promoter (sgp) region in the RNA3 segment of brome mosaic bromovirus (BMV), a tripartite plus-strand RNA virus. The crossover frequencies were determined by coinoculations with pairs of BMV RNA3 variants that carried a duplicated sgp region flanked by marker restriction sites. A region composed of the sgp core, a poly(A) tract, and an upstream enhancer supported homologous exchanges in 25% of the analyzed RNA3 progeny. However, mutations in the sgp core stopped both the transcription of the sgp RNA and homologous recombination. These data provide evidence for an association of RNA recombination with transcription.  (+info)

Structural and mutational analyses of cis-acting sequences in the 5'-untranslated region of satellite RNA of bamboo mosaic potexvirus. (7/44)

The satellite RNA of Bamboo mosaic virus (satBaMV) contains on open reading frame for a 20-kDa protein that is flanked by a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 159 nucleotides (nt) and a 3'-UTR of 129 nt. A secondary structure was predicted for the 5'-UTR of satBaMV RNA, which folds into a large stem-loop (LSL) and a small stem-loop. Enzymatic probing confirmed the existence of LSL (nt 8-138) in the 5'-UTR. The essential cis-acting sequences in the 5'-UTR required for satBaMV RNA replication were determined by deletion and substitution mutagenesis. Their replication efficiencies were analyzed in Nicotiana benthamiana protoplasts and Chenopodium quinoa plants coinoculated with helper BaMV RNA. All deletion mutants abolished the replication of satBaMV RNA, whereas mutations introduced in most of the loop regions and stems showed either no replication or a decreased replication efficiency. Mutations that affected the positive-strand satBaMV RNA accumulation also affected the accumulation of negative-strand RNA; however, the accumulation of genomic and subgenomic RNAs of BaMV were not affected. Moreover, covariation analyses of natural satBaMV variants provide substantial evidence that the secondary structure in the 5'-UTR of satBaMV is necessary for efficient replication.  (+info)

Arg-16 and Arg-21 in the N-terminal region of the triple-gene-block protein 1 of Bamboo mosaic virus are essential for virus movement. (8/44)

The protein encoded by the first gene of the triple gene block (TGBp1) of potexviruses is required for movement of the viruses. It has been reported that single Arg-->Ala substitutions at position 11, 16 or 21 of TGBp1 of Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV) eliminate its RNA-binding activity, while substitutions at position 16 or 21 only affect its NTPase activity (Liou et al., Virology 277, 336-344, 2000). However, it remains unclear whether these Arg-->Ala substitutions also affect the movement of BaMV in plants. To address this question, six mutants of BaMV, each containing either a single- or a double-alanine substitution at Arg-11, Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1, were constructed and used to infect Chenopodium quinoa and Nicotiana benthamiana. We found that all of the BaMV mutants were able to replicate in protoplasts of N. benthamiana. However, only the mutant with an Arg-11-->Ala substitution in TGBp1 remained capable of movement from cell to cell in plants. Mutants with Arg-16, Arg-21 or both Arg-16 and Arg-21 of TGBp1 replaced with alanine were defective in virus movement. This defect was suppressed when a wild-type TGBp1 allele was co-introduced into the cells using a novel satellite replicon. The ability to trans-complement the movement defect by the wild-type TGBp1 strongly suggests that the Arg-->Ala substitution at position 16 or 21 of TGBp1, which diminishes the RNA-binding and NTPase activities of TGBp1, also eliminates the capability of BaMV to move from cell to cell in host plants.  (+info)

*Quinoa

... (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa) is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Quinoa Quinoa plants Quinoa flower Developing black quinoa seed Chia seed List of cereals 2010s in food "The Plant List: A ... There are non-cultivated quinoa plants (Chenopodium quinoa var. melanospermum) that grow in the area it is cultivated; these ... "Phenolic Compounds and Saponins in Quinoa Samples (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Grown under Different Saline and Non saline ...

*Cacao necrosis virus

Greentop, and Chenopodium Quinoa. P. vulgaris develops chlorotic rings 4-5 days post inoculation on the primary leaf site, ... Chenopodium quinoa, Cucumis sativus, Glycine max, Gomphrena globosa, Nicotiana clevelandii, Nicotiana glutinosa, Nicotiana ... C. quinoa displays severe tip necrosis 10-12 days post inoculation without systemic infection. Indexing of the disease occurs ... The virus has been transmitted to numerous diagnostically susceptible host species including Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium ...

*List of sequenced plant genomes

"The genome of Chenopodium quinoa". Nature. 542 (7641): 307-312. doi:10.1038/nature21370. ISSN 0028-0836. Clouse, J. W.; ...

*List of food plants native to the Americas

"USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Chenopodium quinoa". Retrieved 2 January 2017. "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Amaranthus cruentus". Retrieved 8 ... Corn (Zea) Quinoa Several (though not all) species of amaranth Pinto, black, kidney, navy, and lima beans (Phaseolus) Potato ...

*Chenopodium berlandieri

Risi, J. C.; Galwey, N. W. (1989-04-01). "The pattern of genetic diversity in the Andean grain crop quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ... Wilson, H.; Manhart, J. (1993-06-01). "Crop/weed gene flow:Chenopodium quinoa Willd. andC. berlandieri Moq". Theoretical and ... "Molecular and cytogenetic evidence for an allotetraploid origin of Chenopodium quinoa and C. berlandieri (Amaranthaceae)". ... C. berlandieri was a domesticated pseudocereal crop, similar to the closely related quinoa C. quinoa. It continues to be ...

*Prunus necrotic ringspot virus

Other susceptible hosts used for diagnosis include Chenopodium quinoa Willd., sunflower (Helianthus annus), and Momordica ...

*Biological value

"Nutritional quality of the protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds." Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1992 Jan;42(1):1-11.[1] ... 84 Quinoa: 83 Rice: 83 Defatted soy flour: 81 Fish: 76 Beef: 74.3 Immature bean: 65 Full-fat soy flour: 64 Soybean curd (tofu ...

*Sweet potato feathery mottle virus

N. benthamiana, N. rustica, N. tabacum), Chenopodium quinoa, and Datura stramonium. The virus has been shown to primarily ...

*Deficit irrigation

Could deficit irrigation be a sustainable practice for quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) in the Southern Bolivian Altiplano? ... Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd. '). Eur. J. Agron. 28, 427-436. Spreer ... Chenopodium quinoa Willd. ) in response to drought stress. Field Crop. Res. 108, 150-156. Hsiao, T.C., (1973). Plant Responses ... Geerts, S., Raes, D., Garcia, M., Mendoza, J., Huanca, R., (2008). Indicators to quantify the flexible phenology of quinoa ( ...

*Asana River

... grasses and herbs such as Chenopodium petiolare and grain quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Growth and yield of these plants are ...

*Agriculture classification of crops

Chenopodium quinoa - Chenopodiaceae Important source of human food - next to the cereals. The term pulse is used for the seeds ...

*Huarpe

They were agrarian people who grew corn (Zea mays), beans, squash, and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Towards the 15th century, ...

*Sajama National Park

Vacher, J. J. (1998). "Responses of two main Andean crops, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) and papa amarga (Solanum ... Only hearty crops like tubers and grains such as quinoa can grow in this area, and even then they are not extremely successful ...

*Apium virus Y

In host range studies, the virus causes local lesions on Chenopodium quinoa and C. amaraticolor (Amaranthaceae). About Plant ...

*Chenopodium pallidicaule

The indigenous Andean food crops, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kiwicha (Amaranthus caudatus) and cañihua have high nutritional ... similar in character and uses to the closely related quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Cañihua is native to the Andean region, with ... "Nutrition facts and functional potential of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd.), an ancient Andean grain: A review". Journal of ... The plant grows to 20-60 cm high and is therefore shorter than its close relative quinoa. Cañihua also vary from quinoa in its ...

*Hederagenin

It is also one of three primary triterpenoids extracted from the Chenopodium quinoa plant categorized by the EPA as a ... Saponins of Chenopodium quinoa. Zhou, D; Jin, H; Lin, HB; Yang, XM; Cheng, YF; Deng, FJ; Xu, JP (2010). "Antidepressant effect ...

*Amaranthaceae

The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium ...

*Quinua

... may refer to: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) or quinua, a species of goosefoot grown as an edible crop Quinua, Peru, a ...

*Kinwamayu

... (Quechua kinwa a plant (Chenopodium quinoa), mayu river, hispanicized spelling Ccuenhuamayo) is a river in Peru ...

*Kinwa Ukru

... (Quechua kinwa Chenopodium quinoa, ukru hole, pit, hollow, "quinoa hole", Hispanicized spelling Quenhuaucro) is a ...

*Quinoa oil

... is a vegetable oil extracted from germ of the Chenopodium quinoa, an Andean cereal and has been cultivated since at ... Quinoa oil has also been used in eczema treatments. Quinoa oil is produced from the cold pressing of the quinoa seed. The yield ... Although, quinoa oil contains more essential fatty acids than corn oil. Quinoa yields an average of 5.8% oil by weight, ... Ogungbenle, H. N. (2003). "Nutritional evaluation and functional properties of quinoa (Chenopodium". International Journal of ...

*Asparagus virus 1

Chenopodium amaranticolor, Chenopodium capitatum, Chenopodium quinoa, Gomphrena globosa, Tetragonia tetragonioides. Host: ... Host: Assay hosts (for Local lesions or Whole plants): Chenopodium amaranticolor (L), Chenopodium quinoa (L), Tetragonia ... Diagnostic host species and symptoms: Chenopodium album, C. amaranticolor, C. quinoa, Tetragonia tetragonioides - chlorotic or ... Most commonly used maintenance and propagation host species are Asparagus officinalis, Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa, ...

*Beet necrotic yellow vein virus

saccharifera (sugarbeet), Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile), Chenopodium (Goosefoot), Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa), ...

*Luigi Piacenza

Special research into the botanical remains of the Lazo "cueva" (cave) "La Quinoa nel Mondo Andino" ( Chenopodium Quinoa, Wild ...

*Barbara Pickersgill

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), working with the Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) in Peru Banana (Musa species) from the East ...

*List of food additives

"Quinoa: A Potential New Oil Crop". Purdue University. 1993. "Anise". Purdue University. 6 December 1997. Australian Food ... Chenopodium ambrosioides) Epsom salts - mineral salt, acidity regulator, firming agent Erythorbin acid - antioxidant ... Pulegone Purslane - Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) - Quatre épices - Quillaia extract - humectant Quinoa oil - similar ...
Various fatty acids, tocopherols, carotenoids, and their respective antioxidant contributions in 7 amaranth seed and 11 quinoa seed samples along with a new evaluation method are reported. The lipid yield was 6.98-7.22% in amaranth seeds and 6.03-6.74% in quinoa seeds, with unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) being the predominant fatty acids, 71.58-72.44% in amaranth seeds and 81.44-84.49% in quinoa seeds, respectively. Carotenoids, mainly lutein and zeaxanthin, are confirmed for the first time in amaranth seeds, while β-carotene is reported first in quinoa seeds. The predominant tocopherols in amaranth seeds are δ- and α-tocopherol, whereas γ- and α-tocopherol are the primary tocopherols in quinoa seeds. UFAs, carotenoids, and tocopherols showed good correlation with antioxidant activity. All of the amaranth seeds demonstrated lower overall lipophilic quality than quinoa seeds, with the AS1 and QS10 cultivars providing the highest scores for amaranth and quinoa seeds, respectively. Results ...
Chenopodium quinoa Willd., a high quality grain crop, is resistant to abiotic stresses (drought, cold and salt) and offers an optimal source of protein. Quinoa represents a symbol of crop genetic diversity across the Andean region. In recent years, this crop has undergone a major expansion outside its countries of origin. The activities carried out within the framework of the International Year of Quinoa provided a great contribution to raise awareness on the multiple benefits of quinoa as well as to its wider cultivation at the global level. FAO is actively involved in promoting and evaluating the cultivation of quinoa in 26 countries outside the Andean region with the aim to strengthen food and nutrition security.The main goal of this research is to evaluate the adaptability of selected quinoa genotypes under different environments outside the Andean region. This paper presents the preliminary results from nine countries. Field evaluations were conducted during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 in Asia
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. This is largely due its superb nutritional value, consisting of protein that is rich in essential amino acids along with vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) and parents developed through hybridization between highland (0654) and coastal (NL-6) germplasm groups. The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. A vast amount of genetic variation was detected among the 72 lines evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits. Impressive transgressive segregation was measured for seed yield (22.42 g/plant)
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. It is however treated as a grain in cooking. The grains are small yellow flattened spheres, approximately 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter. When cooked, the germ coils into a small tail that lends a pleasant crunch. The leaves of the plant can also be eaten raw in salads or cooked like spinach.. One of the worlds most perfect foods, it has been consumed for thousands of years in South America. Its small nutritious seeds resemble millet and is very versatile to a variety of cooking styles, inviting seasonings from mild to wild. Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing.. Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. A gluten-free product, it is suitable for anyone afflicted by wheat allergies. Quinoa can be eaten as hot breakfast cereal; an infant cereal; a rice ...
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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN incorporation is incomplete. Since the user interface forces a species-by-species check (no tabular output) its difficult to determine how many counts are available in this dataset (maybe someone from MBG can comment). A check of the Kew DNA database at: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 species of the genus) Anybody know of any other sources of plant chromosome count info on line? This demonstrates the tendency to put data of local disciplinary interest (type specimens) on line while ignoring systematic data that might have a broader application. , Date: Mon, 22 Feb 1999 16:40:58 +1200 , Reply-to: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , From: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , Subject: Chromosome numbers in plants -Reply , To: Multiple recipients of list TAXACOM , ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) er en vekst fra Sør-Amerika hvis frø kan spises, og er et alternativ til ris og poteter. Quinoa har fra gammel tid vært viktig i Andesbefolkningens mat, blant annet i inkatiden. Den er fremdeles i dag en av de viktigste vekstene i Andesregionen. Quinoa har høy ernæringsmessig verdi. Det er en nøysom vekst som stiller små krav til vann og næring. Planten har et høyt innhold av de essensielle aminosyrene lysin, metionin og treonin som det er lite av i korn og belgvekster. Den inneholder ikke gluten. Verdens helseorganisasjon regner aminosyresammensetningen som fullgod med proteinene i melk. 2013 ble av FNs generalforsamling kåret til det internasjonale quinoa-året. ...
The quinoa seed is high in protein, calcium and iron, a relatively good source of vitamin E and several of the B vitamins. It contains an almost perfect balance of all eight essential amino acids needed for tissue development in humans. It is exceptionally high in lysine, cystine and methionine-amino acids typically low in other grains. It is a good complement for legumes, which are often low in methionine and cystine. The protein in quinoa is considered to be a complete protein due to the presence of all 8 essential amino acids. Some types of wheat come close to matching quinoas protein content, but grains such as barley, corn, and rice generally have less than half the protein of quinoa. Quinoa is 12% to 18% protein and four ounces a day, about 1/2-cup, will provide a childs protein needs for one day. The 6-7% fat of quinoa is relatively high when compared to other grains, but it boasts a low sodium content and also provides valuable starch and fiber. Quinoa also contains albumen, a protein ...
Our quinoa harvest dried down quite nicely and it was time to get our thresh on. The goal? Separate the quinoa seeds from the stalks. He...
Deleterious mutation accumulation has been implicated in many biological phenomena and as a potentially significant threat to human health and the persistence of small populations. The vast majority of mutations with effects on fitness are known to be deleterious in a given environment, and their accumulation results in mean population fitness decline. However, whether populations are capable of recovering from negative effects of prolonged genetic bottlenecks via beneficial or compensatory mutation accumulation has not previously been tested. To address this question, long-term mutation-accumulation lines of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, previously propagated as single individuals each generation, were maintained in large population sizes under competitive conditions. Fitness assays of these lines and comparison to parallel mutation-accumulation lines and the ancestral control show that, while the process of fitness restoration was incomplete for some lines, full recovery of mean fitness ...
EN] Two small viral proteins (DGBp1 and DGBp2) have been proposed to act in a concerted manner to aid intra- and intercellular trafficking of carmoviruses though the distribution of functions and mode of action of each protein partner are not yet clear. Here we have confirmed the requirement of the DGBps of Pelargonium flower break virus (PFBV), p7 and p12, for pathogen movement Studies focused on p12 have shown that it associates to cellular membranes, which is in accordance to its hydrophobic profile and to that reported for several homologs. However, peculiarities that distinguish p12 from other DGBp52 have been found. Firstly, it contains a leucine zipper-like motif which is essential for virus infectivity in plants. Secondly, it has an unusually long and basic N-terminal region that confers RNA binding activity. The results suggest that PFBV p12 may differ mechanistically from related proteins and possible roles of PFBV DGBps are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
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Bloor PA, Barker FS, Watts PC and Noyes HA (2001). Microsatellite Libraries by Enrichment. Available at [http://www.genomics.liv.ac.uk/animal/MICROSAT.PDF]. Accessed September 22, 2010. Bores GM, Huger FP, Petko W, Mutlib AE, et al. (1996). Pharmacological evaluation of novel Alzheimers disease therapeutics: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors related to galanthamine. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 277: 728-738. PMid:8627552 Doyle JJ and Doyle JL (1987). A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem Bull. 19: 11-15. Ellegren H (2004). Microsatellites: simple sequences with complex evolution. Nat. Rev. Genet. 5: 435-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1348 PMid:15153996 Harvey AL (1995). The pharmacology of galanthamine and its analogues. Pharmacol. Ther. 68: 113-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7258(95)02002-0 Jarvis DE, Kopp OR, Jellen EN, Mallory MA, et al. (2008). Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ...
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From population genetics theory, elevating the mutation rate of a large population should progressively reduce average fitness. If the fitness decline is large enough, the population will go extinct in a process known as lethal mutagenesis. Lethal mutagenesis has been endorsed in the virology literature as a promising approach to viral treatment, and several in vitro studies have forced viral extinction with high doses of mutagenic drugs. Yet only one empirical study has tested the genetic models underlying lethal mutagenesis, and the theory failed on even a qualitative level. Here we provide a new level of analysis of lethal mutagenesis by developing and evaluating models specifically tailored to empirical systems that may be used to test the theory. We first quantify a bias in the estimation of a critical parameter and consider whether that bias underlies the previously observed lack of concordance between theory and experiment. We then consider a seemingly ideal protocol that avoids this ...
Throughout history species has gone extinct due to anthropogenic activities. During the last century efforts have been done to reintroduce species back into the wild. Zoos that originally were created as amusement parks for people have today a new purpose; to keep and breed species in captivity for later reintroductions in the wild. However a relaxed environment such as a zoo leads to a general fitness decline of up to 40% per generation in captivity. The probability of a successful reintroduction of a species that has been bred in a zoo will be lower the longer time it has been kept in captivity. The reintroduction of a captive bred species can also cause secondary extinctions and other negative effects on the food-web. Both changes in the community caused by the loss of a species and changes in the species itself caused by captivity can be expected to affect the outcome of a reintroduction attempt. Using a modeling approach I here investigate how the reintroduction of a captive bred species ...
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Read "Complete nucleotide sequence of a new variant of grapevine fanleaf virus from northeastern China, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Chenopodium acuminatum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
American hop latent virus is distinct from the two other carlaviruses known to occur in hop, hop mosaic and hop latent; it is only very distantly related to them serologically, has a wider host range, and differs from them in causing obvious symptoms in several species, notably Datura stramonium and Chenopodium quinoa, both of which are immune to hop latent virus and sustain only symptomless local infection by hop mosaic virus. Symptoms caused by the latter two viruses in herbaceous hosts are too mild for diagnosis, and identification of all three viruses, which can occur together in hop, is best done by serology. ...
This tag should be used on existing categories that are likely to be used by others, even though the "real" category is elsewhere. Redirected categories should be empty and not categorised themselves. It should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people. Such categories should be tagged as ...
Virus-like particle (VLP) platform represents a promising approach for the generation of efficient and immunogenic subunit vaccines. Here, the feasibility of using grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) VLPs as a new carrier for the presentation of human papillomavirus (HPV) L2 epitope was studied. To achieve this goal, a model of the HPV L2 epitope secondary structure was predicted and its insertion within 5 external loops in the GFLV capsid protein (CP) was evaluated. The epitope sequence was genetically inserted in the αB-αB
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Thrips-transmitted Iris yellow spot virus (genus Tospovirus, family Bunyaviridae) is an economically important pathogen of onion bulb and seed crops in the USA and other parts of the world (2,4). Studies on biological characteristics of the virus have been limited due to difficulties in obtaining consistent and reproducible mechanical transmission and lack of indicator hosts. The existence of strains of IYSV is not known though differences in symptomatology, disease severity, and yield losses could be attributed to the presence of different IYSV strains. To better understand the biological diversity of IYSV, several plant species were evaluated for their response to mechanical inoculation with IYSV under controlled greenhouse conditions. Seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana COL 1, Capsicum annuum (Serrano pepper), Cerastium glomeratum (mouse ear chickweed), Chenopodium quinoa, Datura innooxia, D. ferox, D. stramonium, Nicotiana benthamiana, N. tabacum, Solanum melongena (egg plant), and Vigna ...
According to Davis, the plant genus Chenopodium includes the cultivated species, quinoa, and at least one problematic weed, lambsquarters, along with several other wild species in Northern New England and about 150 wild species worldwide. So far, researchers have documented the existence of four wild/weedy Chenopodium species in Northern New England, including the familiar lambsquarters as well as three others.. One of these, Chenopodium berlandieri, currently appears to be the most suitable breeding partner for quinoa. They also have confirmed that several existing, commercial quinoa varieties are challenging to grow successfully as a crop in Durham, and that the fungal disease downy mildew is one of the quinoa production challenges to be overcome by breeding.. "Existing quinoa varieties are adapted to regions with less humid fall seasons, and do not mature well here. However, some of quinoas weedy relatives are very successful and well-adapted as weeds in Northern New England," Davis ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
VeganSmart® is packed full of flavor and nutritional goodness. Yes, you can have it all!. ORGANIC PROTEIN BLEND: Organic Pea + Organic Pumpkin Seed + Organic Quinoa Seed + Organic Rice. ORGANIC VEGAN ENERGY BLEND: Organic Cane Sugar + Organic Sunflower Oil + Organic Rice Syrup Solids. ORGANIC FIBER BLEND: Organic Prebiotic Isomalto Oligosaccharide Fiber + Organic Golden Flax Seed + Organic Sunchoke Inulin + Organic Acacia Gum. DIGESTIVE ENZYME BLEND: Bromelain + Protease + Amylase + Lipase. ORGANIC WHOLE FOOD COMPLEX: Organic Broccoli + Organic Carrots + Organic Strawberry + Organic Beets+ Organic Kale + Organic Açai Berry. VITAMINS & MINERALS: 19 Vitamins and Minerals. 5 Star Taste: Two things we dont compromise on, ever: ingredients and taste. The reviews dont lie; we are consistently ranked one of the best tasting plant proteins. Try us out today, and let us know what you think. VeganSmart® is a clean source of complete nutrition for dieters, vegetarians, vegans and athletes.. NO ...
A new pelargonium plant particularly distinguished by red flowers, an upright and compact growth habit, and strong branching, is disclosed.
Quinoa Quinoa is an ancient food that is not yet well known in North America. It has been cultivated in South American since at least 3,000 B.C. It is a genus Chenopodium, belongs to familyAmaranthaceae, a grain-like crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. Nutritional supplements 1. Carbohydrates 2. Starch 3. Dietary fiber 4. Fat …. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
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Two members of the Benyviridae family, Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), possess identical genome organisation, host range and high sequence similarity. To understand functional differences in molecular biology, pathogenicity mechanisms, symptom expression as well as interaction with the host and between viral species, a reverse genetic system represents a prerequisite. Infectious cDNA full length clones of both viruses were constructed by isothermal in vitro recombination. Artificial formation of BNYVV and BSBMV RNA1+2 reassortants were viable and spread long distance in N. benthamiana. Small genomic RNAs were exchangeable and systemically infected B. macrocarpa. Moreover, fluorescence labelled full length clones were achieved by replacing a part of the RNA2 encoded coat protein read through domain. Co infection experiments with labelled BSBMV and BNYVV showed that both viruses remained spatially separated after N. benthamiana agroinoculation. In ...
The temperature-inducible expression vector containing the beet necrotic yellow vein virus(BNYVV)isolate NM coat protein gene was constructed and transferred into E. coli DH5 α. High-level expression of the specific protein was achieved by temperature induction. The results of SDSPAGE and Western blotting show that the expression product which accumulates 19.5% of the total cellular proteins estimated by Shimadzu CS-910 scanning is 21kd BNYVV coat protein.
Read "Distribution of various types and P25 subtypes of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus in Germany and other European countries, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Chenopodium albumL. is a major weed in spring-planted crops in the temperate regions of the world. Since 2000, farmers have reported an unsatisfactory control of this weed in sugar beet fields in Belgium, France and The Netherlands. Frequently, the survivingC. albumplants are resistant to metamitron, a key herbicide in this crop. Metamitron resistance inC. albumis caused by a Ser264 to Gly mutation in the psbA gene on the chloroplast genome, which prevents binding of metamitron to its target site. This mutation causes also resistance to other herbicides with a similar mode of action, like metribuzin -applied in potato- and atrazine in particular. Atrazine has been applied very frequently in maize in the 1970s and the 1980s, but is now banned in Europe due to environmental reasons. The persistent use of atrazine in maize confronted Belgian and other European farmers in the early 1980s with atrazine resistantC. albumwith the same Ser264 to Gly mutation. The problems with atrazine resistantC. ...
Propagation Using Cuttings. Propagation of Scented Pelargoniums from seeds is a difficult task. You can take the stem cuttings from the main stem which are 3-4 inches long and with at least four leaf nodes for rooting. Remove the leaves from the bottom quarter of the stem cutting and plant them in well-drained rooting medium. Keep the medium moist till the stem gets rooted. Transplant to the growing medium and set them out, when there is no danger from the frost.. Pruning. You can make the pelargonium plant look full and bushy by pinching or pruning the plant occasionally. When the plant grows large to reduce the stems just prune it back. The best time to prune these plants is during spring. Pruning in spring will give the plant enough time to set new buds and produce flowers.. The Best Fertiliser For Scented Pelargoniums. These plants require very less feeding and low fertiliser levels to improve the fragrance of the leaves. Potted plants may require some excess feeding than the one grown in ...
Dysfunctional patterns of activation in brain reward networks have been suggested as a core element in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether this dysfunction is specific to schizophrenia or can be continuously observed across persons with different levels of nonclinical and clinical symptom expression. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether the pattern of reward system dysfunction is consistent with a dimensional or categorical model of psychosis-like symptom expression. 23 patients with schizophrenia and 37 healthy control participants with varying levels of psychosis-like symptoms, separated into 3 groups of low, medium, and high symptom expression underwent event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing a Cued Reinforcement Reaction Time task. We observed lower activation in the ventral striatum during the expectation of high vs no reward to be associated with higher symptom expression across all participants. No significant ...
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Allergens, Patients, Ige, Inhibition, Pollen, Skin, Mite, Proteins, Tomato, Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Album, Diseases, Elisa, Methods, Salsola, Sds-page, Sensitivity, Fruit, Fruits
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The hibiscus (Hibiscus spp.) is grown for its large, vibrant blooms, which provide a tropical atmosphere to your garden. The large genus consists of over 200 species that -- depending on the specific variety -- grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 11. Hibiscus can unfortunately come under ...
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Based on your description, it sounds like you have a lovely form of the tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus sinensis) and as such, it must not be allowed to freeze or it will die. When the weather turns cool you will need to bring it indoors and keep it in a very bright sunny area for the winter. The temperature should be at least 45 degrees, but normal household temperature would be better. Good luck with your hibiscus ...
Pistils of a Hibiscus flower. Extreme macro. Shot in Zhuhais Shihuashan Park. Recommended: |a href=http://bighugelabs.com/flickr/onblack.php?id=3122485336 rel=nofollow|View On Black|/a| Explore #257 on Monday, December 22, 2008 |a href=http://loc.alize.us/#/flickr:3122485336 rel=nofollow|See where this picture was taken.|/a| |a href=http://www.flickr.com/groups/geotagging/discuss/72157594165549916/|[?]|/a| |b||u||a href=http://flickr.com/people/cnmark/|© All Rights Reserved|/a||/u| - you may not use this image in any form without my prior permission.|/b|
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Like other genus of hibiscus, the Swamp Hibiscus grows in many different colors, white,, yellow, pink etc. Thank you John.. LikeLike. ...
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Hibiscus is poisonous to cats. A cat that ingests hibiscus experiences nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. It often refuses to eat, and it may even develop...
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My wife and I just booked the Hibiscus Cottage for some serious R&R next year. With the 2010 we have on tap, we will have earned it. I have read some negative reports about the Hibiscus Cottage on the internet, including the fact that a next door neighbor / resident has a loud dog, that its next to a parking lot, and its not that private. Looking for any feedback of any kind, or an alternative suggestion for a very private room with plenty of space and a great view at CSS. Thanks in
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These are some images of my yellow hibiscus in my garden.I hope you like them! Thank you all for your kind and useful comments and your votes . All are appreciated !
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Gardening question - Will it be ok to plant my new Hibiscus in the spot that I take up the struggling dicentra from? It is in quite a wet, exposed place but drains quite
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Indtagelse af hibiscus kan sænke blodtrykket hos voksne, der endnu ikke har forhøjet blodtryk eller et let forhøjet blodtryk, viser nye forskningsresultater fra American Heart Association (AHA). De, der havde det ...
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Dear Sir. Your criticisms are profoundly interesting to me.2 A downright good objection or difficulty is very nearly as interesting as a favourable fact.- Your Review always struck me as very able (though I am not now quite so much shaken by some remarks as I was at first)3 & I have given some few of your objections in a new German edition.4 Very sincere thanks for the Pelargonium leaves.5 I shd. certainly rank this as a case of true correlation; because the parts are homologous & it seems to me inherently probable that parts, which are quite alike in an early stage of development on the same individual would be apt to be similarly affected by the unknown causes of variation. If you will look at my discussion in Ch. V. Origin (p. 162-164 3d. Edit) you will see that I expressly guard against the assumption that parts going together throughout whole classes are necessarily correlated.6 But I now see that I ought more plainly to have said that "correlation of growth" contains a most heterogenious ...
Liverpool has two cathedrals. And in the interests of balance, heres a shot of the RC Cathedral looking a bit like something from ET or Dr Who thats just landed. Doors to manual.
Outdoor plants dont always have an easy time of it, and they often have to contend with a variety of challenges that include dealing with soil-borne organisms that place...
釣到基因3是否就可以休息了呢?才不是呢(接下來更有得忙(綺萍老師的研究團隊分析它的序列後認為3NbRABG3f可能是一個位於植物細胞膜上的 具有鳥糞嘌呤水解酶(GTPase(活性的蛋白質》由於這類的蛋白質大多與液泡(vesicle(在不同胞器間的運輸有關3因此他們在發現降低它的表現會使病毒在細胞內的量變低之後3便嘗試著進行點突變使NbRABG3f無法水解GTP3或是把一段關鍵的蛋白質序列切掉3使它無法鑲嵌入細胞膜》結果發現3不管是點突變還是切掉序列3都會讓BaMV在植物細胞內的數量降低3顯示了這個蛋白質對竹嵌紋病毒的重要性 ...
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), vectored by Polymyxa betae, causes rhizomania in sugar beet. For disease control, the cultivation of hybrids carrying Rz1 resistance is crucial, but is compromised by resistance-breaking (RB) strains with specific mutations in the P25 protein at amino acids 67-70 (tetrad). To obtain evidence for P25 variability from soil-borne populations, where the virus persists for decades, populations with wild-type (WT) and RB properties were analysed by P25 deep sequencing. The level of P25 variation in the populations analysed did not correlate with RB properties. Remarkably, one WT population contained P25 with RB mutations at a frequency of 11%. To demonstrate selection by Rz1 and the influence of RB mutations on relative fitness, competition experiments between strains were performed. Following a mixture of strains with four RNAs, a shift in tetrad variants was observed, suggesting that strains did not mix or transreplicate. The plant genotype exerted a clear ...
Rhizomania is an extremely severe sugarbeet disease caused by the complex Polymyxa betae/Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus (BNYVV). A relatively small number of recently introduced sugarbeet cultivars...
Chemical Characterization and Application of the Essential Oils from Chenopodium ambrosioides and Philodendron bipinnatifidum in the Control of Diabrotica speciosa Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
INGREDIENTS: Water (Aqua), Propylene Glycol, Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi Leaf Extract, Camellia Oleifera Leaf Extract, Betula Alba Bark Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Chenopodium Quinoa Extract, Retinyl Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid, Tocopherol, Ergocalciferol, Hydroxypropyl Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Glycerin, Sodium Hydroxide, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Glycoproteins, Sodium PCA, Ceramide 3, Yeast Betaglucan, Diazolidinyl Urea, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Tetrasodium ...
Methanol, Administration, Alanine, Aspartate, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Ambrosioides, Conyza, Enzymes, Granulomas, Infection, Liver, Mice, Mouse, Ova, Phosphatases, Plant, Plants, Schistosoma, Schistosoma Mansoni, Serum
Journal of Chemistry is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles on all aspects of fundamental and applied chemistry.
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Looking for Nepovirus? Find out information about Nepovirus. A genus of plant viruses in the family Comoviridae; tobacco ring spot virus is the type species. Also known as tobacco ring spot virus group Explanation of Nepovirus
Cheerio series are seed-raised, zonal pelargoniums bearing single flowers in white or shades of pink, red, or violet, in clusters. This plant is commonly c
Multibloom Series are seed-raised, zonal pelargoniums bearing abundant single flowers in white or shades of pink or red, some with white eyes. Flowering ov
Your braided hibiscus is a tropical hibiscus and can be grown outdoors during the spring and summer and then overwintered indoors during the coldest months of the year. Hibiscus grows indoors all year around, too. Hibiscus are tropical plants that need light and, perhaps more importantly, warmth to thrive. They prefer moderate heat and to continue blooming must have a few hours of direct sunshine every day. Place your plant near a bright South or West facing window. Hibiscus like water but do not let it stand with wet feet. The soil needs to dry up between waterings to protect from root rot. Make certain no excess water remains in the planter half an hour after watering. For prolific flowering, hibiscus must have regular feedings every week during the growth period, March-October. Half strength water soluble formulas can be used with every watering. I usually water 9 times with fertilizer and then flush with clean water the tenth time. This will prevent salt buildup in the pot. Never fertilize ...
Fuentes-Bazan, S., Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. doi: 10.3372/wi42.42101 Full text PDF reference page p. 16 ...
In the pictures below, you will see 2 kinds of Hibiscus; the summer hibiscus, which can be planted with mulch farther north of zone 8, and the regular tropical hibiscus which can be grown as far north as the ground doesnt freeze.
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Colorful Hibiscus Invitation Summer Fun tropical flowers are leid out in a modern design for a hip Hawaiian luau party. Last 2 sets!
Beautiful! Once upon a time we had a pinkish hibiscus plant in the front yard. The frost got it one year. Seeing yours has me thinking its time to get another ...
Article in Planta Daninha 34:e017164713 · June 2017 DOI: 10.1590/s0100-83582017350100046 · License: CC BY 4.0 1st Amna Ali 2nd Dr. Arshad Javaid 34.65 · University of the Punjab 3rd Amna Shoaib 25.65 · University of the Punjab Abstract Sclerotium rolfsii is a soil-borne fungal plant pathogen that causes diseases in more than 500 plant species. Chemical fungicides used to control this disease cause environmental pollution, therefore, plant derived compounds can be used as alternative to synthetic fungicides to reduce environmental pollution. Chenopodium album L. is a weed of family Chenopodiaceae that is used as food and also has medicinal importance. In the present study, antifungal activity of methanolic root extract of C. album was evaluated against S. rolfsii using six concentrations viz. 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 g 100 mL-1 amended in malt extract as growth medium. All the root extract concentrations significantly reduced fungal biomass by 15- 58% over control. Gas ...
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Plasmodiophorids are obligate intracellular plant parasites that were for a long time classified as fungi but based on recent molecular phylogenies, are now classified as members of the protist subgroup Rhizaria [1]. Protists, and in particular Rhizaria, are among the least studied and poorly understood subgroups of the eukaryotes [2]. The main characteristic shared by all plasmodiophorids is cruciform nuclear division in which a persistent nucleolus elongates perpendicular to the condensed metaphase chromosomes [3]. Other common features are biflagellate zoospores, multinucleate protoplasts (plasmodia) and long-lasting resting spores [3]. Plasmodiophorids are parasites of flowering plants, brown algae, diatoms and oomycetes [4, 5]. Some plasmodiophorids cause additional damage to their host by serving as vectors for viruses. Two examples include the potato mop-top virus (PMTV) and beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV causing rhizomania of sugar beet), which are transmitted by Spongospora ...
Slight dull pain a little lower down than the inferior angle of the right scapula, but nearer the spine. θ Hemicrania. θ Asthma.. Copyright M di-T 2002. ...

Plum Pox Potyvirus Diseases of Stone FruitsPlum Pox Potyvirus Diseases of Stone Fruits

PPV can be detected in herbaceous indicator hosts by mechanical inoculation to such diagnostic hosts as Chenopodium foetidum ...
more infohttp://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/PlumPoxPotyvirus.aspx

Category:Chenopodium quinoa - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Chenopodium quinoa - Wikimedia Commons

The Plant List link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (Source: KewGarden WCSP). *Tropicos link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (+ sub-taxa) ... Pages in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. ... Media in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. ... Chenopodium quinoa -red faro- MHNT.BOT.2007.43.66.jpg 4,656 × 3,372; 5.8 MB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Chenopodium_quinoa

Quinoa - Chenopodium quinoaQuinoa - Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa ~ Botanical Name: Chenopodium quinoa. Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather ... golden spade plant the first quinoa seeds of the season. At the solstice, priests bearing golden vessels filled with quinoa ... Once cooked, quinoa is delicious and extremely versatile; it may be used in the place of almost any other grain, including rice ... Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during ...
more infohttp://www.hub-uk.com/interesting/quinoa.htm

CHENOPODIUM QUINOA (QUINOA) PROTEIN || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWGCHENOPODIUM QUINOA (QUINOA) PROTEIN || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
more infohttps://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701300/CHENOPODIUM_QUINOA_%28QUINOA%29_PROTEIN/

Knowledge, Technology and Applications of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) in the Food Industry - Nova Science PublishersKnowledge, Technology and Applications of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) in the Food Industry - Nova Science Publishers

"Nutritional value and use of the Andean crops quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule)." Food reviews ... "Chemical and nutritional characterization of Chenopodium pallidicaule (cañihua) and Chenopodium quinoa (quinoa) seeds." ... "Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ... "Cultivation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) under temperate climatic conditions in Denmark." The Journal of Agricultural Science ...
more infohttps://novapublishers.com/shop/knowledge-technology-and-applications-of-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-in-the-food-industry/

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) - The Source Natural FoodsQuinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) - The Source Natural Foods

Amaranthaceae (family), bitter quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa flour, quinoa seed, quinua, quinua ... Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int J Food Sci ... Quinoa is likely safe when quinoa seeds are used in food amounts, as quinoa has been used as a food for thousands of years. ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd) an important Andean food crop. Arch Latinoam.Nutr 1992;42(3):232-241. ...
more infohttp://www.thesourcenatural.com/ns/DisplayMonograph.asp?storeID=DHAP6V4FB7SR2NM700AKHLBD3CMFBXMD&DocID=bottomline-quinoa

Frontiers | Elevated Genetic Diversity in an F2:6 Population of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) Developed through an Inter-ecotype...Frontiers | Elevated Genetic Diversity in an F2:6 Population of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) Developed through an Inter-ecotype...

Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ... Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2016.01222/full

Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Red and Yellow Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Seeds as Affected by...Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Red and Yellow Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Seeds as Affected by...

In addition, cooked and baked quinoa seeds retain most of their TPC, TFC and FRAP AA in the final product. Thus, red quinoa ... Our results indicate that red quinoa seed contains significantly higher levels of TPC, TFC and FRAP AA than yellow quinoa seeds ... Due to their high antioxidant activity, red quinoa seeds might also contribute significantly to the management and/or ... Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), Ka?iwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and Iwicha (Amaranthus caudatus)," Food Chemistry, Vol. 120, ...
more infohttps://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=21564

38110A - Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa IgE - Viracor Eurofins38110A - Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa IgE - Viracor Eurofins

Chenopodium quinoa) IgE testing, Viracor Eurofins delivers your results faster, when it matters most. ... 2F38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige%2F&base_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.viracor-eurofins.com%2Ftest-menu%2F38110a-quinoa- ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/. *sdk.environment=production;sdk.charset=UTF-8;api. ... www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/ ...
more infohttps://www.viracor-eurofins.com/test-menu/38110a-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-ige/

Plant & Crop Science Blog: Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): potential and perspectivesPlant & Crop Science Blog: Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): potential and perspectives

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; this species is associated with ... Zurita-Silva A., Fuentes F., Zamora P., Jacobsen S. E., Schwember A. R. (2014) Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): ... Crops Plant science Plant Breeding Varieties Genomics Farmers Seeds Drylands Stress Drought Evolution Nutrition Policy Quinoa ... In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the ...
more infohttp://franciscofuentescarmona.blogspot.com/2014/01/breeding-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa.html

Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd)<...Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd)<...

Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). In: Journal of the Science ... Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Journal of the Science of ... 1999). Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Journal of the ... Cell wall phenolics and polysaccharides in different tissues of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). / Renard, CMGC; Wende, G; ...
more infohttps://pure.sruc.ac.uk/en/publications/cell-wall-phenolics-and-polysaccharides-in-different-tissues-of-q

Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium...Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium...

Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ... Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ... Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kañiwa (Chenopodium ...
more infohttp://jukuri.luke.fi/handle/10024/476191

Effect of Chitosan Nano Particle and Potassium Nitrate on Germination and Some Morpho-physiological Characteristics of...Effect of Chitosan Nano Particle and Potassium Nitrate on Germination and Some Morpho-physiological Characteristics of...

Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... Introduction: Quinoa, with the scientific name (Chenopodium quinoa Willd), belongs to the Spencer family. Seeds vigor can be ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ... chlorophyll content and relative humidity of quinoa plant.Materials and Methods: In order to investigate the effect of ...
more infohttp://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?request_locale=zh_CN&recordID=IR2018A00098&query=&sourceQuery=&sortField=&sortOrder=&agrovocString=&advQuery=¢erString=&enableField=&aggregatorField=&typeresultsField=

Use of sourdough made with quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) flour and autochthonous selected lactic acid bacteria for enhancing the...Use of sourdough made with quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) flour and autochthonous selected lactic acid bacteria for enhancing the...

Use of sourdough made with quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) flour and autochthonous selected lactic acid bacteria for enhancing the ... Lactic acid bacteria were isolated and identified from quinoa flour, spontaneously fermented quinoa dough, and type I quinoa ... and compared to bakers yeast wheat breads manufactured with or without quinoa flour. The use of quinoa sourdough improved the ... Selected Lactobacillus plantarum T6B10 and Lactobacillus rossiae T0A16 were used as mixed starter to get quinoa sourdough. ...
more infohttps://bia.unibz.it/handle/10863/2609

Quinoa - WikipediaQuinoa - Wikipedia

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch, James L. E. (2009). Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ... a b c d e Cinthya Verastegui Effel, Implications of the Quinoa Boom on the Farmers Income: How do changes in the quinoa ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinoa

Quinoa - WikipediaQuinoa - Wikipedia

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... Abugoch James LE (2009). "Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties". ... "European Quinoa Group". www.quinoaeurope.eu. Retrieved 2015-12-27.. *^ Pret A Manger - The journey of our British quinoa, ... "Introducing deficit irrigation to stabilize yields of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)". Eur. J. Agron. 28 (3): 427-436. doi: ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Quinoa

Salares versus coastal ecotypes of quinoa: Salinity responses in Chilean landraces from contrasting habitats.  - PubMed - NCBISalares versus coastal ecotypes of quinoa: Salinity responses in Chilean landraces from contrasting habitats. - PubMed - NCBI

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is a highly salt-tolerant species subdivided into five ecotypes and exhibiting broad intra- ... Salares versus coastal ecotypes of quinoa: Salinity responses in Chilean landraces from contrasting habitats.. Ruiz KB1, Aloisi ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=26841266

Table 1 - Experimental Inoculation of Plants and Animals with Ebola Virus - Volume 2, Number 4-October 1996 - Emerging...Table 1 - Experimental Inoculation of Plants and Animals with Ebola Virus - Volume 2, Number 4-October 1996 - Emerging...

Chenopodium amaranticolor. Goosefoot weed. Chenopodium quinoa. Goosefoot weed. Cucumis sativus. Cucumber. Cucurbita pepo. ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/2/4/96-0407-t1

Academic BibliographyAcademic Bibliography

Folates in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) and buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) : influence of cooking ...
more infohttps://biblio.ugent.be/publication?limit=100&q=keyword+exact+%22wheat%22

Lignin: Characterization of a Multifaceted Crop ComponentLignin: Characterization of a Multifaceted Crop Component

Quinoa seedlings; Chenopodium quinoa Willd.. ↑. [91]. Soybean leaves. ↓. [92]. ↑ indicates that exposure to stress induced an ... M. Hilal, M. F. Parrado, M. Rosa et al., "Epidermal lignin deposition in quinoa cotyledons in response to UV-B radiation," ... and quinoa seedlings [91], representing a resistance mechanism against oxidative stress. In a study on soybeans [92], high UV-B ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2013/436517/

Plants - Plantae - Media - Encyclopedia of LifePlants - Plantae - Media - Encyclopedia of Life

Chenopodium quinoa Willd., 1797. Add to a collection * Image rating Average rating: 5.0 of 5 ...
more infohttp://eol.org/pages/281/media

Plus itPlus it

Quinoa. Chenopodium quinoa.. US 5,304,718, WO 9314624, AU 9222922. A staple food crop for millions in the Andes, particularly ... The patent claims any quinoa crossed with male sterile Apelawa plants. CPRO-DLO (Netherlands) is also bullish on quinoa and has ... for Quechua and Aymara people in Chile, Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador who have bred a multitude of quinoa varieties adapted to ...
more infohttp://www.etcgroup.org/es/node/2192

Quinua biosystematics I: Domesticated populations - Semantic ScholarQuinua biosystematics I: Domesticated populations - Semantic Scholar

Las poblaciones domesticadas de quinua (Chenopodium quinoa subsp.quinoa)-una quenopodiácea de grano-han sido clasificadas ... Chenopodium quinoa subsp.quinoa) have been formally classified on the basis of pigmentation and inflorescence morphology, and ... Genetic structure of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) from the Bolivian altiplano as revealed by RAPD markers. *Carmen del ... Characterization of Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) gene homoeologs in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.).. *P Jeffrey Maughan, ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Quinua-biosystematics-I%3A-Domesticated-populations-Wilson/f3114df8bb11e883884bca649f30bafa241c59e4

Michell CT[au] - PubMed - NCBIMichell CT[au] - PubMed - NCBI

The genome of Chenopodium quinoa.. Jarvis DE, Ho YS, Lightfoot DJ, Schmöckel SM, Li B, Borm TJ, Ohyanagi H, Mineta K, Michell ... Corrigendum: The genome of Chenopodium quinoa.. Jarvis DE, Ho YS, Lightfoot DJ, Schmöckel SM, Li B, Borm TJA, Ohyanagi H, ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Michell+CT%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50
  • Show all 1 recent products that contain CHENOPODIUM QUINOA (QUINOA) PROTEIN. (ewg.org)
  • Although quinoa is high in protein content, it alone does not have enough protein to replace meat in the Western European diet, due to current cultivation, technological, and processing restrictions. (thesourcenatural.com)
  • Protein digestibility and quality, and the rate of starch hydrolysis were also nutritional features that markedly improved using quinoa sourdough as an ingredient. (unibz.it)
  • Versatile for many dishes, cooked quinoa supplies nutrient content similar to wheat and rice, such as moderate amounts of protein, dietary fiber, and minerals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutritional evaluations indicate that a 100 g (3.5 oz) serving of raw quinoa is a rich source (20% or higher of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins, including 46% DV for folate, and dietary minerals (table). (wikipedia.org)
  • After cooking, which is the typical preparation for eating, quinoa is 72% water, 21% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 2% fat and its nutrient contents are collectively and substantially reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • In V. unguiculata , symptoms appeared as necrotic spots in inoculated leaves 5 to 6 DPI (Fig. 2, a to d), and there was no clear chlorotic lesion in the inoculated leaves of C. annuum (Fig. 2, e to g) and C. quinoa (Fig.2, h and j) developed small concentric chlorotic rings spots, which gradually increased in size, symptoms typical of tospovirus infection. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho-phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. (frontiersin.org)
  • The recent progress, together with the declaration of "The International Year of the Quinoa" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipates a bright future for this ancient species. (blogspot.com)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is believed to have been domesticated in the Peruvian Andes from wild or weed populations of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as "Indian food" but it has never disappeared despite the introduction of Old World species. (frontiersin.org)
  • In a 100 g (3.5 oz) serving, cooked quinoa provides 120 calories and is an excellent source of manganese and phosphorus (30% and 22% DV, respectively), and a moderate source (10-19% DV) of dietary fiber, folate, and the dietary minerals, iron, zinc, and magnesium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The geographical increase in distribution of quinoa has highlighted the difficulty of access to quality seed, which is a key factor for testing the crop outside the Andes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Generations of farmers have been involved in quinoa selection, which explains the high levels of genetic diversity found today. (frontiersin.org)
  • Biologically, C. quinoa belongs to an allotetraploid (2 n = 4 x = 36) complex found throughout the New World and whose root is the North American weed pitseed goosefoot ( C. berlandieri ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The risks associated with quinoa are minimal, provided those parts are properly prepared and the leaves are not eaten to excess. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study highlighted the extended diversity regenerated among the 72 accessions and helped to identify potentially adapted quinoa genotypes for production in the Moroccan coastal environment. (frontiersin.org)
  • This question has never really been answered, but one theory is that the Spaniards who carried maize and potatoes back to Europe in the sixteenth century may have tasted quinoa that had not been properly processed and would have been bitter to the palate and therefore failed to realise its potential. (hub-uk.com)
  • Although lowering the saponin content through selective breeding to produce sweeter, more palatable varieties is complicated by ≈10% cross-pollination , it is a major goal of quinoa breeding programs , which may include genetic engineering . (wikipedia.org)
  • As commercial production of quinoa is expected to develop, changes in international regulatory frameworks on genetic resources are needed in order to facilitate plant breeding for the most adaptive varieties for each region. (frontiersin.org)
  • The toxicity category rating of the saponins in quinoa treats them as mild eye and respiratory irritants and as a low gastrointestinal irritant. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective was to draw the world's attention to the role that quinoa could play in providing food security , nutrition and poverty eradication in support of achieving Millennium Development Goals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. (hub-uk.com)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is a dicotyledonous annual plant, usually about 1-2 m (3-7 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment with 0.02% chitosan and 0.2% potassium nitrate resulted in the highest allometric coefficient and root length.Highlights:Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase quinoa germination.Chitosan nano particle and potassium nitrate increase the content of chlorophyll a and b. (fao.org)
  • Some academic commentary emphasised, however, that quinoa production could have ecological and social drawbacks in its native regions, and that these problems needed to be tackled. (wikipedia.org)