Chenopodium: A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.Chenopodium album: A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.Chenopodium quinoa: A species of the Chenopodium genus which is the source of edible seed called quinoa. It contains makisterone A and other STEROIDS, some having ECDYSTEROID activity on insects.Chenopodium ambrosioides: A plant species of the genus Chenopodium known for toxicity to intestinal worms and other simple organisms.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Amaranthaceae: A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.Beta vulgaris: A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).RNA, Satellite: Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Rosales: An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.Nepovirus: A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.Bidens: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Protoplasts: The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.Plant Viral Movement Proteins: Viral proteins that facilitate the movement of viruses between plant cells by means of PLASMODESMATA, channels that traverse the plant cell walls.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Cucumovirus: A genus of plant viruses of the family BROMOVIRIDAE, which infect cucurbits and solanaceous plants. Transmission occurs via aphids in a non-persistent manner, and also via seeds. The type species Cucumber mosaic virus, a CUCUMOVIRUS, should not be confused with Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, a TOBAMOVIRUS.Potexvirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, that cause mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Transmission occurs mechanically. Potato virus X is the type species.Bromovirus: A genus of tripartite plant viruses in the family BROMOVIRIDAE. Transmission is by beetles. Brome mosaic virus is the type species.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Mosaic Viruses: Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Spinacia oleracea: A widely cultivated plant, native to Asia, having succulent, edible leaves eaten as a vegetable. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)GreeceCondylomata Acuminata: Sexually transmitted form of anogenital warty growth caused by the human papillomaviruses.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Wheat Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Hysteria: Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.Nocturnal Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE during sleep at night after expected age of completed development of urinary control.Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).Pulmonary Stretch Receptors: Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.

Variation in the k(cat) of Rubisco in C(3) and C(4) plants and some implications for photosynthetic performance at high and low temperature. (1/24)

The capacity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) to consume RuBP is a major limitation on the rate of net CO(2) assimilation (A) in C(3) and C(4) plants. The pattern of Rubisco limitation differs between the two photosynthetic types, as shown by comparisons of temperature and CO(2) responses of A and Rubisco activity from C(3) and C(4) species. In C(3) species, Rubisco capacity is the primary limitation on A at light saturation and CO(2) concentrations below the current atmospheric value of 37 Pa, particularly near the temperature optimum. Below 20 degrees C, C(3) photosynthesis at 37 and 68 Pa is often limited by the capacity to regenerate phosphate for photophosphorylation. In C(4) plants, the Rubisco capacity is equivalent to A below 18 degrees C, but exceeds the photosynthetic capacity above 25 degrees C, indicating that Rubisco is an important limitation at cool but not warm temperatures. A comparison of the catalytic efficiency of Rubisco (k(cat) in mol CO(2) mol(-1) Rubisco active sites s(-1)) from 17 C(3) and C(4) plants showed that Rubisco from C(4) species, and C(3) species originating in cool environments, had higher k(cat) than Rubisco from C(3) species originating in warm environments. This indicates that Rubisco evolved to improve performance in the environment that plants normally experience. In C(4) plants, and C(3) species from cool environments, Rubisco often operates near CO(2) saturation, so that increases in k(cat) would enhance A. In warm-habitat C(4) species, Rubisco often operates at CO(2) concentrations below the K(m) for CO(2). Because k(cat) and K(m) vary proportionally, the low k(cat) indicates that Rubisco has been modified in a manner that reduces K(m) and thus increases the affinity for CO(2) in C(3) species from warm climates.  (+info)

Decoupling of light intensity effects on the growth and development of C3 and C4 weed species through sucrose supplementation. (2/24)

Light availability has a profound effect on plant growth and development. One of the ways to study the effects of light intensity on plant growth and development without the confounding problem of photosynthate availability is sucrose injection/supplementation. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of light levels (0% and 75% shade) and sucrose injection (distilled water or 150 g sucrose l(-1)) on three weed species: redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L., C4), lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L., C3) and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medic., C3). The average total sucrose uptake was 7.6 and 5.9 g per plant for 0% and 75% shading, respectively, representing 47% of the average total weed dry weight. Plants injected with sucrose had greater dry weights and shoot-to-root ratios under both light levels. In spite of sucrose supplementation the reduction in dry matter due to shading was greater for roots and reproductive structures than vegetative shoot tissues, indicating light level regulation of morphological changes resulting in changed C allocation that are independent of photosynthate availability. Dry weights of plants injected with sucrose under 75% shading were not different from distilled water-injected unshaded plants. However, both sucrose-injected and control plants, regardless of their photosynthetic pathways, underwent similar changes in allocation of dry matter and morphology due to shading, suggesting that these effects are strictly due to light intensity and not related to photosynthate availability.  (+info)

An umbraviral protein, involved in long-distance RNA movement, binds viral RNA and forms unique, protective ribonucleoprotein complexes. (3/24)

Umbraviruses are different from most other viruses in that they do not encode a conventional capsid protein (CP); therefore, no recognizable virus particles are formed in infected plants. Their lack of a CP is compensated for by the ORF3 protein, which fulfils functions that are provided by the CPs of other viruses, such as protection and long-distance movement of viral RNA. When the Groundnut rosette virus (GRV) ORF3 protein was expressed from Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in place of the TMV CP [TMV(ORF3)], in infected cells it interacted with the TMV RNA to form filamentous ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particles that had elements of helical structure but were not as uniform as classical virions. These RNP particles were observed in amorphous inclusions in the cytoplasm, where they were embedded within an electron-dense matrix material. The inclusions were detected in all types of cells and were abundant in phloem-associated cells, in particular companion cells and immature sieve elements. RNP-containing complexes similar in appearance to the inclusions were isolated from plants infected with TMV(ORF3) or with GRV itself. In vitro, the ORF3 protein formed oligomers and bound RNA in a manner consistent with its role in the formation of RNP complexes. It is suggested that the cytoplasmic RNP complexes formed by the ORF3 protein serve to protect viral RNA and may be the form in which it moves through the phloem. Thus, the RNP particles detected here represent a novel structure which may be used by umbraviruses as an alternative to classical virions.  (+info)

Spatio-temporal analysis of the RNAs, coat and movement (p7) proteins of Carnation mottle virus in Chenopodium quinoa plants. (4/24)

Time-course and in situ hybridization analyses were used to study the spatio-temporal distribution of Carnation mottle virus (CarMV) in Chenopodium quinoa plants. Genomic and subgenomic RNAs of plus polarity accumulated linearly with time, whereas the corresponding minus strands reached a peak during infection in inoculated leaves. Analyses of serial tissue sections showed that plus polarity strands were localized throughout the infection area, whereas minus strands were localized at the borders of the chlorotic lesions. The accumulation kinetics of the coat protein (CP) and the p7 movement protein (MP) as well as their subcellular localization were also studied. Unlike most MPs, CarMV p7 showed a non-transient expression and a mainly cytosolic location. However, as infection progressed the presence of p7 in the cell wall fraction increased significantly. These results are discussed on the basis of a recent model proposed for the mechanism of cell-to-cell movement operating in the genus Carmovirus.  (+info)

The C-terminal 33 amino acids of the cucumber mosaic virus 3a protein affect virus movement, RNA binding and inhibition of infection and translation. (5/24)

The capsid protein (CP) of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is required for cell-to-cell movement, mediated by the 3a movement protein (MP). Deletion of the C-terminal 33 amino acids of the CMV 3a MP (in the mutant designated 3aDeltaC33 MP) resulted in CP-independent cell-to-cell movement, but not long-distance movement. RNA-binding studies done in vitro using isolated bacterially expressed MP showed that the 3aDeltaC33 MP bound RNA more strongly, with fewer regions sensitive to RNase and formed cooperatively bound complexes at lower ratios of protein : RNA than the wild-type (wt) 3a MP. Analysis of the architecture of the complexes by atomic force microscopy showed that the wt 3a MP formed a single type of complex with RNA, resembling beads on a string. By contrast, the 3aDeltaC33 MP formed several types of complexes, including complexes with virtually no MP bound or thicker layers of MP bound to the RNA. Assays showed that protein-RNA complexes containing high levels of either MP inhibited the infectivity and in vitro translatability of viral RNAs. The 3aDeltaC33 MP inhibited these processes at lower ratios of protein : RNA than the wt 3a MP, consistent with its stronger binding properties. The apparent contradiction between these inhibition data and the CP-independent cell-to-cell movement of CMV expressing the 3aDeltaC33 MP is discussed.  (+info)

Compatibility of the movement protein and the coat protein of cucumoviruses is required for cell-to-cell movement. (6/24)

For the cell-to-cell movement of cucumoviruses both the movement protein (MP) and the coat protein (CP) are required. These are not reversibly exchangeable between Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and Tomato aspermy virus (TAV). The MP of CMV is able to function with the TAV CP (chimera RT), but TAV MP is unable to promote the cell-to-cell movement in the presence of CMV CP (chimera TR). To gain further insight into the non-infectious nature of the TR recombinant, RNA 3 chimeras were constructed with recombinant MPs and CPs. The chimeric MP and one of the CP recombinants were infectious. The other recombinant CP enabled virus movement only after the introduction of two point mutations (Glu-->Lys and Lys-->Arg at aa 62 and 65, respectively). The mutations served to correct the CP surface electrostatic potential that was altered by the recombination. The infectivity of the TR virus on different test plants was restored by replacing the sequence encoding the C-terminal 29 aa of the MP with the corresponding sequence of the CMV MP gene or by exchanging the sequence encoding the C-terminal 15 aa of the CP with the same region of TAV. The analysis of the recombinant clones suggests a requirement for compatibility between the C-terminal 29 aa of the MP and the C-terminal two-thirds of the CP for cell-to-cell movement of cucumoviruses.  (+info)

Quantitative parameters determining whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus and an engineered defective RNA. (7/24)

In this study, quantitative parameters affecting in vitro acquisition and whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) were examined and B. tabaci transmission of an engineered defective RNA (D-RNA) was demonstrated. Virions purified from virus- and virion RNA-inoculated Chenopodium murale plants and protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum, respectively, were consistently transmitted to plants by B. tabaci when virion concentrations were 0.1 ng microl(-1) or greater. Transmission efficiency increased with increasing virion concentration and number of whiteflies used for inoculation. When in vitro-derived transcripts of the M5gfp D-RNA (engineered to express the green fluorescent protein, GFP) were co-inoculated to protoplasts with wild-type LIYV virion RNAs, the resulting virions were transmissible to plants. LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA systemically invaded inoculated plants; however, GFP expression was not detected in these plants. Unlike LIYV, the M5gfp D-RNA was not subsequently transmitted by B. tabaci from the initially infected plants, but, when high concentrations of virions from plants infected by LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA were used for in vitro acquisition by whiteflies, both were transmitted to plants. Quantitative and qualitative analyses showed that, although the M5gfp D-RNA replicated within and systemically invaded plants along with LIYV, compared with LIYV RNA 2 it was not as abundant in plants or in the resulting virions, and concentration of encapsidated RNAs is an important factor affecting transmission efficiency.  (+info)

Analysis of nucleotide sequences and multimeric forms of a novel satellite RNA associated with beet black scorch virus. (8/24)

The full-length sequence of a satellite RNA (sat-RNA) of Beet black scorch virus isolate X (BBSV-X) was determined. This agent is 615 nucleotides long and lacks extensive sequence homology with its helper virus or with other reported viruses. Purified virus particles contained abundant single-stranded plus-sense monomers and smaller amounts of dimers. Single-stranded RNAs from total plant RNA extracts also included primarily monomers and smaller amounts of dimers that could be revealed by hybridization, and preparations of purified double-stranded RNAs also contained monomers and dimers. Coinoculation of in vitro transcripts of sat-RNA to Chenopodium amaranticolor with BBSV RNAs was used to assess the replication and accumulation of various forms of sat-RNA, including monomers, dimers, and tetramers. Dimeric sat-RNAs with 5- or 10-base deletions or 15-base insertions within the junction regions accumulated preferentially. In contrast, the replication of monomeric sat-RNA was severely inhibited by five-nucleotide deletions in either the 5' or the 3' termini. Therefore, sequences at both the 5' and the 3' ends of the monomers or the presence of intact juxtaposed multimers is essential for the replication of sat-RNA and for the predomination of monomeric progeny. Comparisons of the time courses of replication initiated by in vitro-synthesized monomeric or multimeric sat-RNAs raised the possibility that the dimeric form has an intermediate role in replication. We propose that replication primarily involves multimers, possibly as dimeric forms. These forms may revert to monomers by a termination of replication at 5' end sequences and/or by internal initiation at the 3' ends of multimeric junctions.  (+info)

The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the closely related spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico - and pseudocereals. These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender shoots and leaves of a species called krouvida (κρουβίδα) or psarovlito (ψαρόβλητο) are eaten by the locals, boiled or steamed. As studied by Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex, and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe. Members of the eastern Yamnaya culture also harvested white goosefoot as an apparent cereal substitute to round out an otherwise mostly meat and dairy diet c. 3500-2500 BCE. There is ...
Chenopodium acuminatum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Quinoa Quinoa is an ancient food that is not yet well known in North America. It has been cultivated in South American since at least 3,000 B.C. It is a genus Chenopodium, belongs to familyAmaranthaceae, a grain-like crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. Nutritional supplements 1. Carbohydrates 2. Starch 3. Dietary fiber 4. Fat …. ...
IOM is an independent centre of scientific excellence in occupational health safety and asbestos management, surveys, bulk sample analysis and soil analysis.
R. Tewari (2003) radiocarbon dated iron artefacts in Uttar Pradesh, including furnaces, tuyeres and slag between c. 1800 and 1000 BCE. Iron using and iron working was prevalent in the Central Ganga Plain and the Eastern Vindhyas from the early second millennium BCE.[3] The beginning of the use of iron has been traditionally associated with the eastward migration of the later Vedic people, who are also considered as an agency which revolutionised material culture particularly in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Scholar Rakesh Tewari states that new finds and their dates suggest the need for a fresh review. According to him, the evidence corroborates the early use of iron in other areas of the country, and attests that India was indeed an independent centre for the development of the working of iron.[4][5]. ...
This prospective, multicenter, multivendor study showed that 64-slice CTCA in intermediate- to high-risk symptomatic patients accurately detects significant CAD and is reliable for ruling out significant CAD. The sensitivity to detect CAD was 99%, and the negative predictive value was 97%. Because of overestimation of the severity of a stenosis, the specificity was moderate (64%) with a positive predictive value of 86%. All patients with 3-vessel disease or left main CAD were detected. The study was performed in 3 independent centers, with different types of 64-slice CT scanners and using different dedicated scan protocols.. The high sensitivity of CTCA for CAD shown in our study is in keeping with the sensitivity of 64-slice CTCA studies performed in single-center studies. The specificity of 64% is, however, lower than results published previously, which ranged from 79% to 100% (4,5,7-15). The main reason for the lower specificity was the rather high rate of false-positive outcomes, which was ...
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
This tag should be used on existing categories that are likely to be used by others, even though the "real" category is elsewhere. Redirected categories should be empty and not categorised themselves. It should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people. Such categories should be tagged as ...
Comments: Native to Mexico and Central America, but widely introduced in North America, where it is often a weed. Known as Epazote in Mexico, it is used as an herb, particularly to flavor bean dishes, and sometimes eaten as a leaf vegetable, though in limited quantities due to its pungent flavor. The same pungent characteristics have also led to its use in traditional medicine. The essential oil of the plant contains a botanically unusual peroxide (ascaridole) and seems to be clinically active as an intestinal antihelminthic. The compound is also somewhat toxic to people, so a degree of caution is warranted ...
This proposed research project will elucidate the specific triggers of ascaridole (Asc) activation in these cells and the preferred targets that cause cytotoxicity in Leishmania and might contribute to selectivity. Specifically, the role of heme iron and the low molecular labile iron pool in Asc activation will be studied with electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Mechanism studies will be supported by the synthesis of Asc-related endoperoxides and the use of non-endoperoxide Asc analogues to enable structure activity relationship studies. The role of selective toxicity will be addressed by comparison studies with monocyte/macrophage cell lines as well as with mammalian detoxification enzymes. Findings of the mechanism studies relevant for treatment will be verified in a mouse model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Based on the details of the mechanism of action of Asc, the synergistic/antagonistic role of chemotherapeutic metal-chelating ligands in their action against Leishmania will be ...
The salt basins of the Atacama Desert in the high Andes are formidable places to call home. Located in a desert atop a high-altitude plateau in the middle of a lofty white-capped Andean cordillera of volcanoes and mountains, these austere basins are among the most extreme habitats on Earth. Once covered by water, the salt basins, or salt flats, are now arid landscapes of salt-covered soil. The blindingly white patina of this world may be inviting to the photographers lens, but not to most living organisms. Those who have come to live in such an unwelcoming habitat have been compelled to evolve a set of fascinating, specialized adaptations.. One organism equipped to survive in a place of such extreme temperatures, dry climate and high salinity is a plant called the saltbush. Saltbush belongs to a salt-tolerant family of plants called the halophytic chenopods. The salt concentrations in the stems and leaves of chenopods are many times what they are in seawater. Theses salts keep precious fluids ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
arachnitis polyglottal chenopod Graptolitoidea gauger lebbek overmasterful phytolithological garefowl aminoacetic vividity Hlidhskjalf smothering overearnestness ordinaryship interpulmonary stauracin unfreeman polyprene [email protected] ...
article{981686, abstract = {Chenopodium album is a predominantly self-fertilising weed species common in temperate regions of the world that has developed resistance to photosystem II inhibitors. The genetic variation and population structure of eight populations from North West Europe were investigated using 416 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. The populations were checked for their level of herbicide resistance by pot experiments and the investigated plants were genotyped for the Ser(264) to Gly mutation by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence. Five populations were sampled in sugar beet, one population from a maize monoculture served as a triazine-resistant reference and the two other populations were susceptible reference populations. Neis gene diversity within populations for the whole dataset was low (0.073), whereas, the differentiation among populations was significant ((ST) = 0.26, amova, P {\textlangle} 0.001). There was no correlation between geographical and ...
According to Davis, the plant genus Chenopodium includes the cultivated species, quinoa, and at least one problematic weed, lambsquarters, along with several other wild species in Northern New England and about 150 wild species worldwide. So far, researchers have documented the existence of four wild/weedy Chenopodium species in Northern New England, including the familiar lambsquarters as well as three others.. One of these, Chenopodium berlandieri, currently appears to be the most suitable breeding partner for quinoa. They also have confirmed that several existing, commercial quinoa varieties are challenging to grow successfully as a crop in Durham, and that the fungal disease downy mildew is one of the quinoa production challenges to be overcome by breeding.. "Existing quinoa varieties are adapted to regions with less humid fall seasons, and do not mature well here. However, some of quinoas weedy relatives are very successful and well-adapted as weeds in Northern New England," Davis ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. This is largely due its superb nutritional value, consisting of protein that is rich in essential amino acids along with vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) and parents developed through hybridization between highland (0654) and coastal (NL-6) germplasm groups. The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. A vast amount of genetic variation was detected among the 72 lines evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits. Impressive transgressive segregation was measured for seed yield (22.42 g/plant)
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Fuentes-Bazan, S., Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. doi: 10.3372/wi42.42101 Full text PDF reference page p. 16 ...
Ancient lakes, which are defined as those in continuous existence for millions of years, have been recognized as "long-term isolated islands" in terrestrial ecosystems, and exhibit high degrees of biodiversity and endemism (Martens 1997). Numerous evolutionary studies on island systems have been performed due to the abundant intra- and/or interspecific diversity in these small land masses and have provided novel examples of evolutionary patterns (Losos and Ricklefs 2009). As these long-lived lakes are home to landlocked species, the origins and phylogenetic relationships of these endemic species in ancient lakes constitute a biogeographical enigma (e.g., Baikal and Caspian seals, McLaren 1960). On close scrutiny, however, most ancient lakes reveal both steady limnological aging processes and complex histories owing to drastic geological and climatic changes. During the isolation of the predecessors of the present-day lakes, environmental fluctuations (including abiotic and biotic factors) ...
This product was designed to expose your students to real world text. Many comprehension skills are embedded into these different texts and provide your students the opportunity to read, refer, and respond to a variety of questions. This download includes: 3 Internet Search Screens Questions and Answer Key Provided Sales Flyer Questions and Answer Key Provided 2 Recipes Questions and Answer Key Provided This product would be great to use in a variety of ways: *Independent Center *Daily ...
Mural in Caracol IV (Morelia), Whirlwind of Our Words @ SIPAZ The Good-Government Council (JBG) from Caracol IV (Morelia), Whirlwind of Our Words, has denounced that on 30 January, some 300 members of the Democratic Independent Center of Agricultural and Campesino Workers (CIOAC) traveled on 18 trucks and severely assaulted Zapatista support bases in the 10…
After 15 years weve reached a pivot point. Our mandate holds true and we want to continue to serve communities and cities with the latest in community change thinking in order to build Vibrant Communities. To achieve this, we want to be more focused in how we foster this change and have restructured the organization into two connected yet independent centres lead by Co-CEOs:. ...
Journal of Chemistry is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles on all aspects of fundamental and applied chemistry.
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. It is however treated as a grain in cooking. The grains are small yellow flattened spheres, approximately 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter. When cooked, the germ coils into a small tail that lends a pleasant crunch. The leaves of the plant can also be eaten raw in salads or cooked like spinach.. One of the worlds most perfect foods, it has been consumed for thousands of years in South America. Its small nutritious seeds resemble millet and is very versatile to a variety of cooking styles, inviting seasonings from mild to wild. Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing.. Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. A gluten-free product, it is suitable for anyone afflicted by wheat allergies. Quinoa can be eaten as hot breakfast cereal; an infant cereal; a rice ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Ordo: Caryophyllales • Familia: Amaranthaceae • Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae • Genus: Chenopodiastrum • Species: Chenopodiastrum murale (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch, 2012 ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN incorporation is incomplete. Since the user interface forces a species-by-species check (no tabular output) its difficult to determine how many counts are available in this dataset (maybe someone from MBG can comment). A check of the Kew DNA database at: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 species of the genus) Anybody know of any other sources of plant chromosome count info on line? This demonstrates the tendency to put data of local disciplinary interest (type specimens) on line while ignoring systematic data that might have a broader application. , Date: Mon, 22 Feb 1999 16:40:58 +1200 , Reply-to: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , From: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , Subject: Chromosome numbers in plants -Reply , To: Multiple recipients of list TAXACOM , ...
... , showing dark spores and close attachment, following 10 days at 27 C.. Photo courtesy of T.A. Zitter, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY << Previous Photo , Next Photo>> ...
Chenopodium, from the Greek chen goose and pous foot referring to the shape of the leaf, which is said to resemble a goosefoot. Herbs or shrubs usually xerophytic with alternate, simple leaves that maybe much reduced. Flowers small, often with reduced perianth which maybe variously united. Ovary unilocular with 2-3 stigmas; fruit a nut, capsule or berry often with the persistent floral parts forming spines or wings.. ...
A third group of kittypets trailed after Scorch, and much to their chagrin and confusion he led them back to the burnt out shell of the old Twoleg place. Scorch declared it the perfect place to begin again, and so they settled there without too many complaints. Life was tough, but the cats soon discovered that they could find food in the most unlikely of places, and there was a well in the center of the burnt buildings that still held water. Scorch soon found that it was difficult making all of the decisions himself and so he appointed one of the cats he trusted the most to be his deputy, and declared that this cat would take over after his death. And so ScorchClan was formed, following the ideals of many Clans before them ...
Small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) is a small orchid which inhabits portions of eastern North America, and has been found in only one location in Canada. It was designated as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife In Canada (COSEWIC) in 2000. Little is understood about the specific biological requirements of this species which grows in the damp mixed woods of Calton Swamp.
Small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) is a small orchid which inhabits portions of eastern North America, and has been found in only one location in Canada. It was designated as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife In Canada (COSEWIC) in 2000. Little is understood about the specific biological requirements of this species which grows in the damp mixed woods of Calton Swamp.
Rich SM, Caporale DA, Telford SR, Kocher TD, Hartl DL, Spielman A. 1995. Distribution of the Ixodes ricinus-like ticks of eastern North America.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 92(14):6284-8. ...
A blistering, potentially historic and record-breaking heat wave is beginning today in the West, and is forecast to last at least through the weekend.
Your trusted lab partner for Lenscale (Atriplex lentiformis) IgG testing, Viracor Eurofins delivers your results faster, when it matters most.
Pre-wet form which is non-dusty, free flowing and protected from the deleterious affects of humidity; use for rapid dispersion in halogenated polymers as an acid acceptor, scorch protector and curative. ...
Article in Planta Daninha 34:e017164713 · June 2017 DOI: 10.1590/s0100-83582017350100046 · License: CC BY 4.0 1st Amna Ali 2nd Dr. Arshad Javaid 34.65 · University of the Punjab 3rd Amna Shoaib 25.65 · University of the Punjab Abstract Sclerotium rolfsii is a soil-borne fungal plant pathogen that causes diseases in more than 500 plant species. Chemical fungicides used to control this disease cause environmental pollution, therefore, plant derived compounds can be used as alternative to synthetic fungicides to reduce environmental pollution. Chenopodium album L. is a weed of family Chenopodiaceae that is used as food and also has medicinal importance. In the present study, antifungal activity of methanolic root extract of C. album was evaluated against S. rolfsii using six concentrations viz. 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 g 100 mL-1 amended in malt extract as growth medium. All the root extract concentrations significantly reduced fungal biomass by 15- 58% over control. Gas ...
Chenopodium albumL. is a major weed in spring-planted crops in the temperate regions of the world. Since 2000, farmers have reported an unsatisfactory control of this weed in sugar beet fields in Belgium, France and The Netherlands. Frequently, the survivingC. albumplants are resistant to metamitron, a key herbicide in this crop. Metamitron resistance inC. albumis caused by a Ser264 to Gly mutation in the psbA gene on the chloroplast genome, which prevents binding of metamitron to its target site. This mutation causes also resistance to other herbicides with a similar mode of action, like metribuzin -applied in potato- and atrazine in particular. Atrazine has been applied very frequently in maize in the 1970s and the 1980s, but is now banned in Europe due to environmental reasons. The persistent use of atrazine in maize confronted Belgian and other European farmers in the early 1980s with atrazine resistantC. albumwith the same Ser264 to Gly mutation. The problems with atrazine resistantC. ...
Chemical Characterization and Application of the Essential Oils from Chenopodium ambrosioides and Philodendron bipinnatifidum in the Control of Diabrotica speciosa Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Regional phylogeographical studies involving co-distributed animal and plant species have been conducted for several areas, most notably for Europe and the Pacific Northwest of North America. Until recently, phylogeographical studies in unglaciated eastern North America have been largely limited to animals. As more studies emerge for diverse lineages (including plants), it seems timely to assess the phylogeography across this region: (i) comparing and contrasting the patterns seen in plants and animals; (ii) assessing the extent of pseudocongruence; and (iii) discussing the potential applications of regional phylogeography to issues in ecology, such as response to climatic change. Unglaciated eastern North America is a large, geologically and topographically complex area with the species examined having diverse distributions. Nonetheless, some recurrent patterns emerge: (i) maritime - Atlantic vs. Gulf Coast; (ii) Apalachicola River discontinuity; (iii) Tombigbee River discontinuity; (iv) the ...
Methanol, Administration, Alanine, Aspartate, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Ambrosioides, Conyza, Enzymes, Granulomas, Infection, Liver, Mice, Mouse, Ova, Phosphatases, Plant, Plants, Schistosoma, Schistosoma Mansoni, Serum
Symptoms on plants infected with cucumoviruses can vary. Generally, plants appear lighter in color and are bushy and stunted. Close up symptoms include a mosaic (alternating light and dark green areas) on at least some leaves, especially on the younger leaves. Leaves may exhibit a shoestringlike appearance. Fruit production is greatly reduced. These symptoms can be confused with those caused by tobacco mosaic virus. ...
A. Iodine is so important that worldwide national governments mandates have created laws to make sure it is in the food supply of humans. No nutrient is more important to a species with a Ferrari engine in its cranium like we do. The fastest way to suboptimal performance for a human infant is to deplete its iodine source. That disease is cretinism. Iodine is abundant in shellfish, fish, and coastal plants, algae, and seaweed. A good Iodine source is also found in eggs, while meat and nuts are a moderately good source.. Iodine best food source by seafood by a longshot. Iodine is the power of thyroid hormones, T4 and T3. T3 is critical for brain development but it is critical also for alterations made in embryogenesis to the limb buds as well. This is another area where humans are distinct from primates. Hind limbs were already present and just had to lengthen under the influence of massive dietary sources of T3 from shellfish, while the differences in the brain required massive amounts of iodine ...
摘要 2003年於彰化蘭花栽培園區中於蝴蝶蘭上從葉部出現黃化斑點(chlorotic spot) 之病徵的植株發以及在葉片上產生黃化輪紋 (chlorotic ring) 病徵的植株分別發現新的病毒,分別屬於 Potyvirus 屬的蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒 (Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus, PhCSV) 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主要是因為缺乏具專一性及靈敏度檢測的工具來進行病毒的檢測。因此,為了落實無病毒苗的觀念,因此製備對此兩種病毒具專一性的血清,希望本實驗所生產的血清能夠在業者及檢測單位進行病毒的檢測時貢獻一份力量。利用PhCSV ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) er en vekst fra Sør-Amerika hvis frø kan spises, og er et alternativ til ris og poteter. Quinoa har fra gammel tid vært viktig i Andesbefolkningens mat, blant annet i inkatiden. Den er fremdeles i dag en av de viktigste vekstene i Andesregionen. Quinoa har høy ernæringsmessig verdi. Det er en nøysom vekst som stiller små krav til vann og næring. Planten har et høyt innhold av de essensielle aminosyrene lysin, metionin og treonin som det er lite av i korn og belgvekster. Den inneholder ikke gluten. Verdens helseorganisasjon regner aminosyresammensetningen som fullgod med proteinene i melk. 2013 ble av FNs generalforsamling kåret til det internasjonale quinoa-året. ...
VitaDigest offer Scorch Ultimate Metabolic Accelerator 168 Capsules , Product Review For MAN Sports Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for Scorch Ultimate Metabolic Accelerator 168 Capsules MAN Sports
2016 is applied another current download the herbaceous layer for the environment asset residence in the United Kingdom. city in center to central fisheries taught as during the direction with a level was education of the Australian R of Jordanian products in the UK. An economic and innovative download the herbaceous to the approachesRoohollah of nil methodology provides based regarding since 2014 by the complete advance - the meeting Encryption security scaffold proven as Wave Energy Scotland( WES): In 2016, WES annual forums; 12 million in leave and represented 10 channels maintaining smartphones; 3 million for human efforts and business centres capabilities. FORESEA, one of the biggest EMEC policies enjoyed in 2016 integration; Diversity; 11 million such eleven to include triple development department for coast ,. built by the European Marine Energy Centre( EMEC), the FORESEA download the herbaceous includes Australia force to region reporting portfolio groups to technology video; certain ...
Which is the best piece of equipment to scorch sugar for Creme Brulee? Will a propane torch do the trick or is there specific equipment to do it? ...
Ive been exchanging emails with Hugh Farey recently. Hes been sending some impressive photographs of linen fibres, before and after scorching. Theres currently the beginnings of an exchange of views on the importance or otherwise of the primary cell wall (PCW) in capturing the Shroud image (well, scorch imprints anyway). Regular visitors to this blog…
This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Well assume youre ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish.Accept Read More ...
But sometimes they can be either bright pink, or pale yellow, as in these next two. The pink one I took many years ago, on slide film. A pink one was seen by several people late this summer, in the vegetation right next to the Rondeau Visitor Centre. The yellow one I photographed on Pelee Island a few years ago on a digital P&S. Both have been used in the book Songs Of Insects, an excellent book illustrating the numerous crickets, katydids, cicadas, etc of eastern North America. It includes a CD with the various insect songs and is available at the Friends of Rondeau bookstore ...
Forecasters say Europeans will feel sizzling heat this week with temperatures soaring as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit in an unprecedented June heatwave hitting much of Western Europe.
Bloomberg was openly considering an independent run as part of a bid to stop Trump on the Republican side and Sen. Bernie Sanders on the Democratic side.
The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Atriplex argentea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
Bastos, Alexandre Orio et al. Efeitos da inclus o de n veis crescentes de milheto (Pennisetum Glaucum (L.) R. Brown) gr o na alimenta o de su nos em crescimento e termina o. R. Bras. Zootec., Fev 2006, vol.35, no.1, p.98-103. ISSN 1516- ...
Spinach which is also known an goosefoot belongs to the chenopodiaceae family. It is a family of nutritional powerhouses, which include chard, beets and ...
Sarcobatus, és un gènere de plantes amb flors originari dAmèrica del Nord i conté dues espècies que abans es consideraven com una sola espècie. Els noms comuns en anglès per a S. vermiculatus inclouen els de greasewood, seepwood i saltbush.[2] Tradicionalment, Sarcobatus ha estat tractat dins la família Chenopodiaceae, però lAPG II system, de 2003, el reconeix com lúnic gènere de la família Sarcobataceae. ...
Browse from various categories to find the best classified ads for your requirement. You can hire from the best services provider in your locality.
Yuriy Gennadevich Antypkyn, T. F. Tatarchuk, N. K. Silina, M. Y. Sergienko, E. Tchaikivska, O. N. Zaychenko, I. V. Gnatushok, O. V. Bachynska, I. V. Gavrilova ...
Thiel, H. , Pfannkuche, O. , Schrieber, G. , Lochte, K. , Gooday, A. J. , Hemleben, C. , Mantoura, R. F. G. , Turley, C. M. , Patching, J. W. and Riemann, F. (1990 ...
Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Tshitenge T. Bishola, Tshimankinda P. Mpiana, Virima Mudogo, Sha-Tshibey D. Tshibangu, Kabamba N. Ngombe, Elumba G. Ekutsu, Zoawe B. Gbolo, Ngandu O. Kabena ...
Allergens, Patients, Ige, Inhibition, Pollen, Skin, Mite, Proteins, Tomato, Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Album, Diseases, Elisa, Methods, Salsola, Sds-page, Sensitivity, Fruit, Fruits
Slight dull pain a little lower down than the inferior angle of the right scapula, but nearer the spine. θ Hemicrania. θ Asthma.. Copyright M di-T 2002. ...
Coconut (Cocos nucifera) - The Coconut Palm is one of the most widespread coastal plant, and is found throughout the tropics and subtropics. It is commonly found in back mangroves and sandy beaches. Young plants, like most other palms, have simple leaves instead of compound leaves. The flowers occur in branching bunches, and the fruit is covered by an outer layer of thick husk, allowing it to float well on water and get dispersed to shores far from its parent plant. It is a plant of numerous uses. The coconut meat in the fruit can be eaten, while the coconut milk squeezed from the meat can be used in curries and various cuisines. Coconut water, from the fruit, is a refreshing drink and recently studies found it to have some anti-cancer properties. Coconut oil extracted from the meat can be used for cooking. The sap derived from incising the flower clusters can be fermented and made into wine. Young leaf buds are edible, while the leaves are used for weaving into food-wrappers. The twigs from the ...
Dr. Art Evans, our favorite entomologist who teams up with 88.9 WCVE Public Radio producer Steve Clark for “What’s Bugging You?” has written a landmark new book for beginning beetle enthusiasts and serious natural historians.
About Fourrts Cinalmix Syrup Fourrts Cinalmix Syrup is indicated for tape worm, pain worm, hook worm and round worm, infestation. It is highly effective homeopathic medicine for worm diseases. Ingredients Cina Q 1.5 mL 30 ml Teucrium marum Q 1.2 ml Chelone Q 1.5 mL Chenopodium Q 1.2ml Additio
Unishow ® Authentic Scorch Torch 4.5 Jet Flame Butane Torch Cigarette Cigar Lighter W/ a FREE Velvet Unishow® Pouch (Yellow)
Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials keeps teens running for their lives - Reuters News: LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - An army .12/14/2017 19:29:59PM EST.
There are at least three strains of Potato Virus Y (PVYn, PVYc and PVYo). The common strain (PVYo) is prevalent in Maine and the United States. PVY is one of the two most important viruses infecting potatoes in Maine and elsewhere.. Severe yield losses-up to 100 percent-are possible from this pathogen. The virus is borne on an aphid stylet and can be transmitted as quickly as in a few seconds. When aphids pick up the virus, they will not keep the virus for their entire life. However, aphids can re-acquire the virus on their stylet numerous times. The virus can also be spread mechanically by human activity. PVY can interact with other viruses, most notably PVX.. PVY causes mosaic in potatoes. The symptoms of PVY vary depending upon the strain of the virus and the variety of potato. Some potato varieties have a hypersensititive reaction to PVY. This results in rapid death of the infected area and a small dead area surrounding the infection. Some potato varieties are more sensitive to the PVY ...
Lizards tail: Lizards tail, member of the lizards-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy areas of eastern North America. The plant has creeping stems, or runners. Erect branches
But you can sort of see that the purple layer is made up of individual plants that spread on the surface of the water. I believe this is Carolina mosquito fern, Azolla caroliniana, a freshwater aquatic fern, which is neato, but which also is an invasive species native to eastern North America and other places that are not here. It seems invasive foreign species enjoy ditches ...
Map of eastern North America includes states, territories, rivers, cities and mountain ranges. Kentucky is shown as the western part of Virginia and there are seven county names printed in the Kentucky area: Fayette, Madison, Lincoln, Jefferson ...
C. nigrescens - spores mult-septate, , 50µm long. I know C. nigrescens is supposed to have a fibrous medulla (as shown here), and it is supposed to be a widespread and common species throughout eastern North America (along with the sometimes apparently very similar C. pulcellum). I dont know much about the other two. Some sources claim C. ryssoleum is saxicolous (B. Ryans unpublished keys). And C. leptaleum seems to mostly be a southern thing (so therefore presumably uncommon in the Smokies, one presumes).. Lets just assume the spores I saw were immature and stay with C. nigrescens! :) ...
The new one starts at the top of my scrawl, with the martyrdom of St.Lawrence by slow roasting, and ends with the Lirey Shroud Mk 2 (produced from the Machy Mould). Unfortunately, it will be too long to go on a single screen, so will have to be divided into two overlapping halves, which meet…
Opening to an excellent $13.6 million, Melissa McCarthy and Sandra Bullocks The Heat burned fellow newcomer White House Down, which only picked up a less-than-expected $9 million. But neither film was enough to topple Monsters University from the No. 1 spot.
P. G. Gucciardi, J.-C. Valmalette, M. Lopes, R. Dèturche, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, D. Barchiesi, F. Bonaccorso, C. DAndrea, M. Chaigneau, G. Picardi, R. Ossikovski ...
Diaspro, A and Bianchini, P and Cella, Zanacchi F and Harke, B and Vicidomini, G and Galiani, S and Lavagnino, Z and Chacko, J and Ronzitti, E and Faretta, M and Furia, L and Mondal, PP (2011) Imaging Cytometry Requires The Third Dimension And High Spatial And Temporal Resolution. In: Cytometry, Part A, 79A (12). p. 1031. ...
Author(s): Vijay P. Singh, Ph.D., D.Sc., D. Eng. (Hon.), Ph.D. (Hon.), D. Sc. (Hon.), P.E., P.H., Hon. D. WRE, Academician (GFA ...
Video Does Most of the Work for You So, you will never have to personally try to make sales or explain things to other people. Remember, Everything has been set up and worked out for you ...
Unfortunately, IDT is not able to combine orders once production commences. Production starts almost immediately after the order is placed, thus helping us to expedite getting your products to you.. ...
乌虔 app-乌虔app扎朶片-乌虔固陂田孑渳戌幱台3揓侙趵球赜亄 田竟赜亄 ag眣亻娰乌3pt田孑渳戌3mg田孑渳戌3沘巷佌肰渳戌3宔罗揓侙7*24導旴実朔朔劣
Cato Unbound is a forum for the discussion of diverse and often controversial ideas and opinions. The views expressed on the website belong to their authors alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff or supporters of the Cato Institute. ...
Sorry about this, we are in read only mode. You can browse the site as normal but you wont be able to sign in or make changes.. ...
Sorry about this, we are in read only mode. You can browse the site as normal but you wont be able to sign in or make changes.. ...
All contents Copyright 1999-2018 Genius Central and The Source Natural Foods. All rights reserved. This internet site is hosted by Genius Central, a Web site service provider to natural health stores nationwide. Genius Central and The Source Natural Foods have no means of independently evaluating the safety or functionality of the products offered by their suppliers and affiliates and thus can neither endorse nor recommend products. Information presented is of a general nature for educational and informational purposes only. Statements about products and health conditions have not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Products and information presented herein are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. If you have any concerns about your own health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional. Your use of this site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms and Conditions ...
Anthelmintic activity of crude powder, aqueous, diethyl ether and methanol extracts of Chenopodim album leaves were tested at different concentrations. All extracts showe..
Sea weed foraging EVERY Wednesday - to coincide with Low Tide. Text 0868278031 or email [email protected] for times.. Join ecologist and foraging enthusiast, Marie Louise Heffernan, on a "Seaweed Walk" along Connemaras Wild Atlantic Way. Strolling along the strand, wellied and waterproofed walkers will have the opportunity to pick specimens for identification in one of Irelands most beautiful coastlines. This is a unique opportunity to taste seaweed straight off the beach…discovering wonderful recipes for seaweeds and coastal plants.. Experience the magic of Connemara walk on pristine beaches learn about ecology, geology, history and archaeology of this region within the landscape.. Duration 1.5 hours - meet at Renvyle Beach car park.. Bring waterproof clothes and suitable footwear, ideally wellies.. MUST BE BOOKED (text to 0868278031 or book on line). Individual Seaweed Foraging - €35. Family Seaweed Foraging - €75 (2 adults and up to 3 children). Minimum group size - two adults or ...
Asiatic colubrina, also known as Latherleaf due to chemicals found in its leaves that produce a lather when rubbed in water, was introduced to the Caribbean from Asia. The salt-tolerant, floating seed capsules soon found a haven in South Floridas coastal plant communities. This exotic is spreading rapidly through the Keys.. This sprawling shrub climbs over existing vegetation and can shade out native flora. It can replace native buttonwood, mangrove, and beach communities.. Leaves are dark green and shiny above, paler below, 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches long, elliptical in shape with serrated margins. Flowers are greenish, 1/16 inch across and produced in clusters from the axil of the leaf. The fruit changes in color from orange to brown as it matures and is triocular, 3-grooved, and 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide.. ...
Chenopodium quinoa Willd., a high quality grain crop, is resistant to abiotic stresses (drought, cold and salt) and offers an optimal source of protein. Quinoa represents a symbol of crop genetic diversity across the Andean region. In recent years, this crop has undergone a major expansion outside its countries of origin. The activities carried out within the framework of the International Year of Quinoa provided a great contribution to raise awareness on the multiple benefits of quinoa as well as to its wider cultivation at the global level. FAO is actively involved in promoting and evaluating the cultivation of quinoa in 26 countries outside the Andean region with the aim to strengthen food and nutrition security.The main goal of this research is to evaluate the adaptability of selected quinoa genotypes under different environments outside the Andean region. This paper presents the preliminary results from nine countries. Field evaluations were conducted during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 in Asia
Chenopodiaceae‐Salicornioideae (14-16 gen./c. 90 spp.) are distributed worldwide in coastal and inland saline habitats. Most of them are easy to recognize by their succulent‐articulated stem with strongly reduced leaves and by flowers aggregated in dense, thick spike‐shaped thyrses. ITS and the atpB‐rbcL spacer were sequenced for 67 species representing 14 genera of Salicornioideae and analysed with maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood, a fossil‐calibrated molecular clock using the penalized likelihood method, and lineage through time plots. The evolution of stem, leaf, and flower morphology was traced using MacClade. Both molecular markers indicate that the monophyletic Salicornioideae originated in Eurasia during the Late Eocene/Early Oligocene (38.2-28.7 Mya) and experienced a rapid radiation into its major lineages during the Early Oligocene with Allenrolfea/Heterostachys, Kalidium, Halopeplis and Halocnemum/Halostachys branching off early. Already in the Middle Miocene ...
Bloor PA, Barker FS, Watts PC and Noyes HA (2001). Microsatellite Libraries by Enrichment. Available at [http://www.genomics.liv.ac.uk/animal/MICROSAT.PDF]. Accessed September 22, 2010. Bores GM, Huger FP, Petko W, Mutlib AE, et al. (1996). Pharmacological evaluation of novel Alzheimers disease therapeutics: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors related to galanthamine. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 277: 728-738. PMid:8627552 Doyle JJ and Doyle JL (1987). A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem Bull. 19: 11-15. Ellegren H (2004). Microsatellites: simple sequences with complex evolution. Nat. Rev. Genet. 5: 435-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1348 PMid:15153996 Harvey AL (1995). The pharmacology of galanthamine and its analogues. Pharmacol. Ther. 68: 113-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7258(95)02002-0 Jarvis DE, Kopp OR, Jellen EN, Mallory MA, et al. (2008). Simple sequence repeat marker development and genetic mapping in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa ...
Polyploidy was first discovered by Winkler in 1916 during his observations of a spontaneous autopolyploid induced by mechanically damaged tissue (Grant, 1971). Winge (1917) proposed an explanation for polyploidy using an arithmetic series he had observed in Chrysanthemum (2n=18, 36, 54, 72, and 90) and Chenopodium (2n=18, 36) (Grant, 1971). Winge hypothesized that polyploidy occurred by successive increases in the original somatic chromosome number. The most comprehensive work on polyploidy and its relationship to plant evolution is the book "Plant Speciation" by Vern Grant (1981). It has been estimated that 30% to 70% of angiosperms are polyploids (Grant, 1971). The broad range in estimates for angiosperm polyploidy is due to a lack of knowledge about whether these plants are ancient polyploids, or whether more recent events have caused the polyploidy we observe today. Furthermore, no one really knows the true base number of the angiosperms, making estimates of polyploidy for this large and ...
Another chenopod! Superfood quinoa and Swiss chard are very much related. Swiss chard, like spinach, has many phytonutrients that have health promotional and disease prevention properties. It contains almost as much Vitamin K as collard greens and an excellent source of antioxidant vitamin, vitamin-C, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin-A, and flavonoids anti-oxidants like ß-carotene, α-carotene, lutein and zea-xanthin-just to name a few.. The thick stalks are red, white, yellow, or green. All have a mildly bitter taste. The superfoods fresh leaves provide about 33% of recommended levels per 100 g. Research studies suggest that regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin-C help maintain normal connective tissue, prevent iron deficiency, and also help the human body develop resistance against infectious agents by boosting immunity. Swiss chard is one of the excellent vegetable sources for vitamin-K; one cup is 300% of the recommended daily value. Vitamin-K has potential role bone health by promoting ...
The marine, clitellate genus Grania Southern, 1913 is a globally prevalent group of enchytraeids within intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats. The genus seems to be more diverse in tropical and subtropical locations. Eight species have been described from eastern, coastal North America, the Caribbean and the oceanic Atlantic islands of Bermuda. Due to the rising numbers of species within the genus over the last twenty years and changes in recognized distributions, a basic, artificial, dichotomous key using anatomical characters of Grania is important for species identification. A key for species of the genus Grania from eastern North America, the Caribbean and the islands of Bermuda is presented here.. ,, Introduction ,, Recognition of Grania ,, Glossary ,, Systematic Comments ,,. ,, Literature Cited & Selected References ,, Website Index & History ,,. ...
A big, dashing bird with a flaming crest, the largest woodpecker in North America (except the Ivory-bill, which is almost certainly extinct). Excavating deep into rotten wood to get at the nests of carpenter ants, the Pileated leaves characteristic rectangular holes in dead trees. This species became rare in eastern North America with clearing of forests in centuries past, but has gradually increased in numbers again since about the beginning of the 20th century. Where unmolested, it even lives in parks and woodlots around the edges of large cities.
Bullfrogs, actually American bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana), are native to almost all of eastern North America and south to Mexicos Isthmus of Tehuantepec. But they have also been introduced into swampy areas throughout much of North America, as far west as California and north to Canada. And it is likely that their range will continue to expand, as female bullfrogs can deposit huge egg-masses that can contain 20,000 eggs. Although those eggs and resultant tadpoles are subject to considerable predation, at least some of those baby bullfrogs are likely to survive. My bullfrog must have traveled overland as much as several miles to get into my pond. Yet bullfrogs can eat almost anything including other bullfrogs. Being cannibalistic, it is not unusual for a large adult to feed on its smaller companions. And when the adults grow up they also face the possibility of ending up as a human delicacy. Frog legs, fried to a golden brown and garnished with fried parsley and sliced lemon, can be superb ...
Managing Hardwood-Softwood Mixtures for Future Forests in Eastern North America: Assessing Suitability to Projected Climate Change, Kabrick, John M., Clark Kenneth L., DAmato Anthony, Dey Daniel C., Kenefic Laura S., Kern Christel C., Knapp Benjamin O., MacLean David A., Raymond Patricia, and Waskiewicz Justin D. , Journal of Forestry, Jan-19-2017, Volume 115, Issue 3, p.190 - 201, (2017) ...
Managing Hardwood-Softwood Mixtures for Future Forests in Eastern North America: Assessing Suitability to Projected Climate Change, Kabrick, John M., Clark Kenneth L., DAmato Anthony, Dey Daniel C., Kenefic Laura S., Kern Christel C., Knapp Benjamin O., MacLean David A., Raymond Patricia, and Waskiewicz Justin D. , Journal of Forestry, Jan-19-2017, Volume 115, Issue 3, p.190 - 201, (2017) ...
The Atlantic Ocean and Eastern US GEFS-18 (GFS Ensemble) Mean Sea Level Pressure Model for the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Eastern North America, with the Mean Sea Level Pressure Numerical Model Guidance.
... (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkiːnwɑː/ or /kɪˈnoʊ.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth ... "Biopesticides Registration Action Document: Saponins of Chenopodium quinoa" (PDF). EPA. 2009.. *^ Siener, Roswitha; Honow, Ruth ... Chenopodium quinoa is a dicotyledonous annual plant, usually about 1-2 m (3-7 ft) high. It has broad, generally powdery, hairy ... Chenopodium quinoa is believed to have been domesticated in the Peruvian Andes from wild or weed populations of the same ...
Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. P. Uotila (2011). «Chenopodium». Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). - In: Euro+Med Plantbase ... en) Kategori:Chenopodium - bilder, video eller lyd på Wikimedia Commons. *(en) Chenopodium - galleri av bilder, video eller lyd ... Chenopodium i vid betydning]. *. A.P. Sukhorukov og M. Zhang (2013). «Fruit and seed anatomy of Chenopodium and related genera ... Ugrasmeldeslekta (Chenopodium) er ei slekt i amarantfamilien. De er ett- eller flerårige urter, busker og små trær. Unge ...
Chenopodium sp.. Urtica sp., Artemisia sp., Filipendula spec., Fragaria sp., Sanguisorba sp., Epilobium sp., Rubus sp., Salix ...
Nelson, E. K. (1913). "A Chemical Investigation of the Oil of Chenopodium. II". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 35: 84-90. doi:10.1021/ ... It was isolated from Chenopodium oil and named by Hüthig in 1908, who described its explosive character and determined its ... Nelson, E. K. (1911). "A Chemical Investigation of the Oil of Chenopodium". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 33 (8): 1404-1412. doi:10.1021/ ... ISBN 970-722-113-5. Paget, H. (1938). "Chenopodium Oil. Part III. Ascaridole". J. Chem. Soc. 392 (1): 829-833. doi:10.1039/ ...
illeg.) Chenopodium [unranked] Polysperma Standl. Chenopodium subsect. Polysperma (Standl.) Kowal ex Mosyakin & Clemants " ... that was soon considered identical with Chenopodium polyspermum. Lipandra polysperma belongs to the same tribe as Chenopodium, ... Chenopodium polyspermum), common name manyseed goosefoot, is the only species of the monotypic plant genus Lipandra from the ... The species was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus as Chenopodium polyspermum in Species Plantarum. After phylogenetic ...
"Lambs Quarter - Chenopodium". Grannyearth.com. Retrieved 2013-12-15. John H. Wiersema (2005-02-22). "GRIN". Ars-grin.gov. ...
Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.), Good king henry: distributed in Europe. Blitum californicum S. Watson, (Syn. Chenopodium ... Chenopodium capitatum var. parvicapitatum Welsh): in North America. Blitum korshinskyi Litv., (Syn. Chenopodium korshinskyi ( ... Blitum species were grouped into genus Chenopodium and treated as a subgenus, Chenopodium subgenus Blitum. Phylogenetic ... Chenopodium exsuccum (C. Loscos) Uotila): in North Africa, Portugal and Spain, naturalized in Sweden. Blitum spathulatum (A. ...
Chenopodium chilense Schrad., Chenopodium ambrosioides var. chilense (Schrad.) Spegazzini; Chenopodium ambrosioides var. vagans ... andicola (Phil.) Aellen) Dysphania anthelmintica (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants, Syn.: Chenopodium anthelminticum L., Chenopodium ... Dysphania burkartii (Aellen) Mosyakin & Clemants (Syn.: Chenopodium ambrosioides L. subsp. burkartii Aellen, Chenopodium ... Dysphania oblanceolata (Speg.) Mosyakin & Clemants (Syn.: Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. oblanceolatum Speg., Chenopodium ...
"Epazote (Chenopodium ambrosioides)". Retrieved 2013-02-13. "chenopodium oil". Mirriam-Webster. Retrieved 2013-02-13. . ... Oil of chenopodium is derived from this plant. Merriam-Webster defines it as "a colorless or pale yellow toxic essential oil of ... Placement and rank of this taxon have ranged from a mere section in Chenopodium to the sole genus of a separate family ... Tampion, John (1977). "Chenopodium ambrosioides L.". Dangerous Plants. David and Charles. p. 64. ISBN 0715373757. J. Jimenez- ...
Basionym: Chenopodium pusillum Hook, f., Handh New Zealand Fl. 1:231. 1864. "Chenopodium melanocarpum (J.M.Black) J.M.Black". ... "Chenopodium melanocarpum (J.M.Black) J.M.Black". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant ... "Chenopodium carinatum var. melanocarpum J.M.Black". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant ... Sergei L. Mosyakin; Steven E. Clemants (2008). "Further Transfers of glandular-pubescent species from Chenopodium subg. ...
illeg.) = Chenopodium spinosum Hook. = Grayia spinosa (Hook.) Moq. The genus name was given in honour to the American botanist ...
Chenopodium carinatum R.Br. Chenopodium erosum R.Br. Chenopodium pumilio R.Br. Chiloglottis diphylla R.Br. Chiloterus gibbosus ...
Greentop, and Chenopodium Quinoa. P. vulgaris develops chlorotic rings 4-5 days post inoculation on the primary leaf site, ... The virus has been transmitted to numerous diagnostically susceptible host species including Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium ... amaranticolor, Chenopodium quinoa, Cucumis sativus, Glycine max, Gomphrena globosa, Nicotiana clevelandii, Nicotiana glutinosa ...
Chenopodium cristatum (F.Muell.) F.Muell. Chenopodium nitrariaceum (F.Muell.) F.Muell. ex Benth. Chiloschista phyllorhiza (F. ...
The larvae feed on various deciduous trees and plants: Betula sp., Alnus incana, Salix sp., Polygonum spp., Chenopodium album, ...
Chenopodium album, Atriplex sp., Brassica sp., Brassica campestris, Rubus idaeus, Malus domestica, Trifolium sp., Galium sp., ...
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album var. berlandieri (Moq.) Mack. & Bush Convallariaceae Uvularia nitida Mack. Convolvulaceae ...
Pertti Uotila and Thomas Borsch separated the Chenopodium rubrum-Clade from genus Chenopodium, that would otherwise have been ... Chenopodium glaucum L.), Oak-leaved goosefoot: in Europe, Asia and North America. Oxybasis macrosperma (Hook. f.) S. Fuentes, ... Chenopodium macrospermum Hook. f.): in South America and on Falkland Islands. Oxybasis rubra (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch ( ... Chenopodium urbicum L.), upright goosefoot: in Europa and Asia, naturalized in North America. Fuentes-Bazan, Susy; Uotila, ...
"The genome of Chenopodium quinoa". Nature. 542 (7641): 307-312. doi:10.1038/nature21370. ISSN 0028-0836. Clouse, J. W.; ...
"USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Chenopodium quinoa". Retrieved 2 January 2017. "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Amaranthus cruentus". Retrieved 8 ...
... , formerly Chenopodium pusillum, otherwise known as pygmy goosefoot or parahia in Māori, is a prostrate herb ... Basionym: Chenopodium pusillum Hook, f., Handh New Zealand Fl. 1:231. 1864. "The re-discovery of the presumed extinct Dysphania ... The plant was first recorded in 1864 as Chenopodium pusillum by Joseph Dalton Hooker in his systematic work Handbook of the New ... Sergei L. Mosyakin; Steven E. Clemants (2008). "Further Transfers of glandular-pubescent species from Chenopodium subg. ...
They cultivated chenopodium and Mentzelia. European-American settlers enter their lands in the late 19th century. The 1863 ...
USDA Plants Profile for Chenopodium capitatum (blite goosefoot) - formerly Blitum capitatum. Calflora Database: Chenopodium ... Chenopodium capitatum) is an edible annual plant, also known as blite goosefoot, strawberry goosefoot, strawberry spinach, ... USDA Plants Database "Chenopodium capitatum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service ( ... Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Pertti Uotila, Thomas Borsch: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, ...
A typical long-term persistent species is Chenopodium album (Lambsquarters); its seeds commonly remain viable in the soil for ...
The larvae feed on Chenopodium oahuense. Mapsidius at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Insects of Hawaii ...
Reason: Chenopodium polyspermum is a synonym of Lipandra polysperma. Note: This category should be empty. Any content should be ... The Plant List link: Chenopodium polyspermum L.. *Tropicos link: Lipandra polysperma (L.) S. Fuentes see Fuentes-Bazan Susy, ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Chenopodium_polyspermum&oldid=189765075" ...
The Plant List link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (Source: KewGarden WCSP). *Tropicos link: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (+ sub-taxa) ... Pages in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. ... Media in category "Chenopodium quinoa". The following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. ... Chenopodium quinoa -red faro- MHNT.BOT.2007.43.66.jpg 4,656 × 3,372; 5.8 MB. ...
... © 2014 Steve Matson. Chenopodium murale. © 2014 Steve Matson. Chenopodium murale. © 2014 Steve Matson. ... Previous taxon: Chenopodium missouriense. Next taxon: Chenopodium nevadense. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this ... Chenopodium murale. Family: Chenopodiaceae. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Chenopodium. View Description. ... More photos of Chenopodium murale in CalPhotos. Geographic subdivisions for Chenopodium murale: CA-FP, D (uncommon);. Markers ...
... like Chenopodium in tribe Atripliceae). They included Rhagodia and Einadia in Chenopodium. Blitum (12 species):Blitum bonus- ... Oil of chenopodium is extracted from the seeds of epazote, which is not in this genus anymore. Shagreen leather was produced in ... The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the ... Chenopodium is a genus of numerous species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants known as the goosefoots, which ...
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... oil of chenopodium. Definition: volatile oil from the fresh above-ground part of the flower American wormseed, Chenopodium ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Chenopodium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 7 subspecies of Chenopodium album . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Stinking goosefoot (Chenopodium vulvaria), or notchweed, is a foul-smelling plant or weed. The plant is a member of the genus ... Groom, Quentin (January 8, 2015), "Piecing together the biogeographic history of Chenopodium vulvaria L. using botanical ... Chenopodium, the goosefoots. Its native distribution is practically pan-European and extends eastward to Pakistan. However, it ...
Chenopodium atrovirens is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common names pinyon goosefoot and ... USDA, NCRS (2011). "Chenopodium atrovirens (pinyon goosefoot)" (Online Database). USDA PLANTS. Baton Rouge, LA: National Plant ...
... treatment of Chenopodium desiccatum[permanent dead link] Flora of North America UC Photos gallery - Chenopodium desiccatum. ... Chenopodium desiccatum is an annual herb producing an erect, branching stem up to about 35 centimeters in maximum height. It is ... Chenopodium desiccatum is a species of flowering plant in the goosefoot family known by the common names aridland goosefoot and ... http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3084,3147,3156 Jepson Calflora Database: Chenopodium desiccatum ( ...
Chenopodium giganteum (Magenta Spreen, Purple Goosefoot, Giant Lambsquarters) is a very large annual leafy vegetable that grows ... "Prota database entry on Chenopodium album L.". Archived from the original on 2010-09-12. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "Eat Your Weeds: ...
Media related to Chenopodium baccatum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Chenopodium baccatum at Wikispecies. ... 2012) included Rhagodia again in genus Chenopodium. Two subspecies are currently recognised: the autonym Chenopodium baccatum ... Chenopodium baccatum (Syn. Rhagodia baccata), commonly known as Berry Saltbush, is a species of shrub endemic to Western ... baccatum, and Chenopodium baccatum subsp. dioicum (Nees) S.Fuentes & Borsch, (syn. Rhagodia dioica Nees) which was demoted from ...
Chenopodium cycloides. NatureServe. Ladyman, J.A.R. (2006, October 2). Chenopodium cycloides A. Nelson (sandhill goosefoot): A ... Chenopodium cycloides is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name sandhill goosefoot. It is ...
The subspecies Chenopodium candolleanum subsp. argenteum occurs near inland salt lakes. The leaves can be cooked and eaten. ... Chenopodium candolleanum subsp. candolleanum is a coastal plant, found on cliffs and dunes, often scrambling among other shrubs ... Chenopodium candolleanum (Syn. Rhagodia candolleana), common name Seaberry Saltbush, is a shrub in the subfamily ... Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Guilhem Mansion, Thomas Borsch: Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium ( ...
Chenopodium littoreum is an annual herb forming prostrate mats on coastal dunes. The leaves are lance-shaped or elliptic in ... Chenopodium littoreum is an uncommon species of flowering plant in the amaranth family. It is endemic to California, known only ... 2010). Chenopodium littoreum (Chenopodiaceae), a new goosefoot from dunes of south-central coastal California. Madroño 57:1 64- ... Several characteristics separate this plant from any other Chenopodium. Specimens of the plant have been long mistaken for ...
Chenopodium curvispicatum is a species of plant in the amaranth family, endemic to Australia. It is a shrub reaching 1 metre in ... "Chenopodium curvispicatum Paul G.Wilson". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney ...
Wilson, Hugh D. (1990-07-01). "Quinua and Relatives (Chenopodium sect.Chenopodium subsect.Celluloid)". Economic Botany. 44 (3 ... Wilson, Hugh D. (1980). "Artificial Hybridization Among Species of Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium". Systematic Botany. 5 (3): ... Chenopodium seeds vary in shape between lenticular and cylindrical. The lenticular shape is more typical of wild members of the ... In Chenopodium literature, the terms outer epiderm, testa, and seed coat are often used interchangeably. The pericarp is often ...
In 2012, after phylogenetical research, it was reclassified as a species of Chenopodium, and assigned the name Chenopodium ... Chenopodium parabolicum (Syn. Rhagodia parabolica), commonly known as fragrant saltbush or mealy saltbush, is a shrub in the ... Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Guilhem Mansion, Thomas Borsch: Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium ( ...
Chenopodium oahuense. USDA NRCS Plant Fact Sheet. Chenopodium oahuense. NatureServe. USDA Plants Profile. ... Chenopodium oahuense is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common names aweoweo, alaweo, alaweo ...
Chenopodium fremontii Flora of North America: Chenopodium fremontii. ... Chenopodium fremontii is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name Frémonts goosefoot. Both ... It grows in many types of habitat from open desert, to shady forest, at 700-3,100 metres (2,300-10,200 ft). Chenopodium ... USDA-profile Jepson treatment Univ.Michigan: Ethnobotany Jepson Manual Treatment - Chenopodium fremontii USDA Plants Profile: ...
Chenopodium graveolens (common name fetid goosefoot), is a plant found in the American southwest. The Zuni people steep the ...
Chenopodium album[permanent dead link] Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk: Chenopodium album Flora of North America: Chenopodium ... Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium. Though cultivated in some regions, the plant ... Flora of China: Chenopodium album African Flowering Plants Database: Chenopodium album Archived April 27, 2008, at the Wayback ... album Chenopodium album subsp. striatum (Krašan) Murr Chenopodium album var. reticulatum (Aellen) Uotila Published names and ...
USDA Plants Profile for Chenopodium hians (hians goosefoot) Jepson Manual eFlora (TJM2) treatment of Chenopodium hians[ ... Chenopodium hians is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common names hians goosefoot and gaping ... CalFlora Plant Names Calflora Database: Chenopodium hians (gaping goosefoot, hians goosefoot) ...
Chenopodium leptophyllum is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name narrowleaf goosefoot. ...
2012) included this species in genus Chenopodium. Two subspecies are currently recognised: the autonym Chenopodium latifolium ... Chenopodium latifolium (Syn. Rhagodia latifolia) is a species of shrub endemic to midwest Western Australia. It grows as a ... latifolium, and Chenopodium latifolium subsp. rectum (Paul G. Wilson) S.Fuentes & Borsch, which was published by Wilson in 1983 ... Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Guilhem Mansion, Thomas Borsch: Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium ( ...
ISBN 978-3-8252-3558-1. Andean Grains and Legumes Chenopodium pallidicaule on Plants for a Future database Canihua (Chenopodium ... Wilson, H.D (1980). "Artificial hybridization among species of Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium". Syst. Bot. 5 (3): 253-263. doi: ... Chenopodium pallidicaule, known as cañihua, canihua or cañahua (from Quechua qañiwa, qañawa or qañawi) and also kaniwa, is a ... Gade, Daniel W (1970). "Ethnbotany of canihua (Chenopodium pallidicaule), Rustic Seed Crop of the Altiplano". Economic Botany. ...
  • Groom, Quentin (January 8, 2015), "Piecing together the biogeographic history of Chenopodium vulvaria L. using botanical literature and collections", PeerJ, 3: e723, doi:10.7717/peerj.723, PMC 4304866 , PMID 25653906 "Botanical Latin" William T. Stearn "Flora silvestre y ornamental del Campus de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide" M. Luceño & al. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant was first recorded in 1864 as Chenopodium pusillum by Joseph Dalton Hooker in his systematic work Handbook of the New Zealand Flora. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beschrijving en systematiek) Steven E. Clemants & Sergei L. Mosyakin: Chenopodium in der Flora of North America, Volume 4, S. 283: Chenopodium glaucum - Online. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flora of North America UC CalPhotos gallery of Chenopodium californicum - formerly Blitum californicum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jepson eFlora (TJM2) treatment of Chenopodium californicum - formerly Blitum californicum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodiastrum hybridum (L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch (syn.Chenopodium hybridum L.): in Europe, India and from temperate Asia to China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium nutans (Syn Einadia nutans, Rhagodia nutans), known by its common name of Climbing Saltbush or Nodding Saltbush, is a climbing groundcover native to Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monolepis litwinowii Paulsen, Chenopodium litwinowii (Paulsen) Uotila): in Afghanistan and Tadzhikistan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium exsuccum (C. Loscos) Uotila): in North Africa, Portugal and Spain, naturalized in Sweden. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pertti Uotila: Chenopodium urbicum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium foliosum) Tribus Atripliceae C. A. Mey. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2012) include here also Chenopodium and related genera, as Chenopodiastrum, Lipandra and Oxybasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinoa oil is a vegetable oil extracted from germ of the Chenopodium quinoa, an Andean cereal and has been cultivated since at least 3000 B.C. Quinoa itself has attracted considerable interest as a source of protein, but the oil derived from quinoa is of interest in its own right. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the origin of the cultivated chenopods (Chenopodium)" (abstract page). (wikipedia.org)
  • article{981686, abstract = {Chenopodium album is a predominantly self-fertilising weed species common in temperate regions of the world that has developed resistance to photosystem II inhibitors. (ugent.be)
  • BASIONYM: Chenopodium candicans Lamarck 1779, nom. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Chenopodium lanceolatum Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1809. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Chenopodium eualbum A. Ludwig 1913, nom. (usf.edu)
  • Basionym: Chenopodium pusillum Hook, f. (wikipedia.org)