Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Laboratory tests demonstrating the presence of physiologically significant substances in the blood, urine, tissue, and body fluids with application to the diagnosis or therapy of disease.
A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.
The branch of chemistry dealing with detection (qualitative) and determination (quantitative) of substances. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A technology, in which sets of reactions for solution or solid-phase synthesis, is used to create molecular libraries for analysis of compounds on a large scale.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
Hydrocarbons with at least one triple bond in the linear portion, of the general formula Cn-H2n-2.
Methods used for the chemical synthesis of compounds. Included under this heading are laboratory methods used to synthesize a variety of chemicals and drugs.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
The conformation, properties, reaction processes, and the properties of the reactions of carbon compounds.
Pollution prevention through the design of effective chemical products that have low or no toxicity and use of chemical processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
Methodologies used for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantitation of chemical substances.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Chemical and physical transformation of the biogenic elements from their nucleosynthesis in stars to their incorporation and subsequent modification in planetary bodies and terrestrial biochemistry. It includes the mechanism of incorporation of biogenic elements into complex molecules and molecular systems, leading up to the origin of life.
Activity engaged in for pleasure.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Changing an open-chain hydrocarbon to a closed ring. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Qualitative and quantitative measurement of MOVEMENT patterns.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
Organic or inorganic compounds that contain the -N3 group.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
Finely divided solid matter with particle sizes smaller than a micrometeorite, thus with diameters much smaller than a millimeter, moving in interplanetary space. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The origin of life. It includes studies of the potential basis for life in organic compounds but excludes studies of the development of altered forms of life through mutation and natural selection, which is BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION.
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Educational institutions.
The reactions, changes in structure and composition, the properties of the reactions of carbon compounds, and the associated energy changes.
Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability of animals to perform physical activities.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The science concerned with celestial bodies and the observation and interpretation of the radiation received in the vicinity of the earth from the component parts of the universe (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and medical rehabilitation services to restore or improve the functional capacity of the patient.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.
The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Relating to the size of solids.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
The study of the energy of electrons ejected from matter by the photoelectric effect, i.e., as a direct result of absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation. As the energies of the electrons are characteristic of a specific element, the measurement of the energy of these electrons is a technique used to determine the chemical composition of surfaces.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Neutral or negatively charged ligands bonded to metal cations or neutral atoms. The number of ligand atoms to which the metal center is directly bonded is the metal cation's coordination number, and this number is always greater than the regular valence or oxidation number of the metal. A coordination complex can be negative, neutral, or positively charged.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The study of the chemical and physical phenomena of radioactive substances.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The group of celestial bodies, including the EARTH, orbiting around and gravitationally bound by the sun. It includes eight planets, one minor planet, and 34 natural satellites, more than 1,000 observed comets, and thousands of lesser bodies known as MINOR PLANETS (asteroids) and METEOROIDS. (From Academic American Encyclopedia, 1983)
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.
Tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Compounds containing the -SH radical.
The interdisciplinary science that studies evolutionary biology, including the origin and evolution of the major elements required for life, their processing in the interstellar medium and in protostellar systems. This field also includes the study of chemical evolution and the subsequent interactions between evolving biota and planetary evolution as well as the field of biology that deals with the study of extraterrestrial life.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.
Chemical reactions effected by light.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A polyhedral CARBON structure composed of around 60-80 carbon atoms in pentagon and hexagon configuration. They are named after Buckminster Fuller because of structural resemblance to geodesic domes. Fullerenes can be made in high temperature such as arc discharge in an inert atmosphere.
Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
A group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
Large collections of small molecules (molecular weight about 600 or less), of similar or diverse nature which are used for high-throughput screening analysis of the gene function, protein interaction, cellular processing, biochemical pathways, or other chemical interactions.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known negative charge, present in all elements; also called negatrons. Positively charged electrons are called positrons. The numbers, energies and arrangement of electrons around atomic nuclei determine the chemical identities of elements. Beams of electrons are called CATHODE RAYS.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Compounds similar to hydrocarbons in which a tetravalent silicon atom replaces the carbon atom. They are very reactive, ignite in air, and form useful derivatives.
Difficulty in walking from place to place.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An interdisciplinary field in materials science, ENGINEERING, and BIOLOGY, studying the use of biological principles for synthesis or fabrication of BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.
The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.
Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen forming a closed ring that may be either alicyclic or aromatic.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Productive or purposeful activities.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.

Isolation of SMTP-3, 4, 5 and -6, novel analogs of staplabin, and their effects on plasminogen activation and fibrinolysis. (1/2747)

Four novel triprenyl phenol metabolites, designated SMTP-3, -4, -5, and -6, have been isolated from cultures of Stachybotrys microspora IFO 30018 by solvent extraction and successive chromatographic fractionation using silica gel and silica ODS columns. A combination of spectroscopic analyses showed that SMTP-3, -4, -5, and -6 are staplabin analogs, containing a serine, a phenylalanine, a leucine or a tryptophan moiety in respective molecules in place of the N-carboxybutyl portion of the staplabin molecule. SMTP-4, -5, and -6 were active at 0.15 to 0.3 mM in enhancing urokinase-catalyzed plasminogen activation and plasminogen binding to fibrin, as well as plasminogen- and urokinase-mediated fibrinolysis. On the other hand, the concentration of staplabin required to exert such effects was 0.4 to 0.6 mM, and SMTP-3 was inactive at concentrations up to 0.45 mM.  (+info)

Novel selective inhibitors for human topoisomerase I, BM2419-1 and -2 derived from saintopin. (2/2747)

Compounds BM2419-1 and -2 were isolated from a culture broth of a fungus Paecilomyces sp. BM2419. It was shown that these novel compounds were artifacts derived from saintopin, a dual inhibitor of topoisomerase I and II by independent processes. In the human topoisomerase I inhibition assay using the recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae, BM2419-1 and -2 inhibited selectively the yeast growth dependent on human topoisomerase I induction with IC50 values of 0.3 ng/ml and 6.0 ng/ml, respectively.  (+info)

Apicularens A and B, new cytostatic macrolides from Chondromyces species (myxobacteria): production, physico-chemical and biological properties. (3/2747)

A novel macrolide, apicularen A, was produced by several species of the genus Chondromyces. Initially it was discovered by bioassay-guided RP-HPLC-fractionation of culture extracts of Chondromyces robustus, strain Cm a13. Apicularen A showed no antimicrobial activity, but was highly cytotoxic for cultivated human and animal cells, with IC50 values ranging between 0.1 and 3 ng/ml. A cometabolite of apicularen A, the N-acetylglucosamine glycoside apicularen B, was distinctly less cytotoxic with IC50 values between 0.2 and 1.2 microg/ml, and showed weak activity against a few Gram-positive bacteria. Apicularen A is chemically closely related to the salicylihalamides A and B from the marine sponge Haliclona sp.  (+info)

BE-31405, a new antifungal antibiotic produced by Penicillium minioluteum. I. Description of producing organism, fermentation, isolation, physico-chemical and biological properties. (4/2747)

A new antifungal antibiotic, BE-31405, was isolated from the culture broth of a fungal strain, Penicillium minioluteum F31405. BE-31405 was isolated by adsorption on high porous polymer resin (Diaion HP-20), followed by solvent extraction, precipitation and crystallization. BE-31405 showed potent growth inhibitory activity against pathogenic fungal strains such as Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Cryptococcus neoformans, but did not show cytotoxic activity against mammalian cells such as P388 mouse leukemia. The mechanism studies indicated that BE-31405 inhibited the protein synthesis of C. albicans but not of mammalian cells.  (+info)

Diperamycin, a new antimicrobial antibiotic produced by Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus MK393-AF2. I. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation, physico-chemical properties and biological activities. (5/2747)

Antibacterial antibiotics, diperamycin (1) was produced in the culture broth of Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus MK393-AF2. Various spectroscopic analyses of 1 suggested that 1 belonged to a member of cyclic hexadepsipeptide antibiotic. Antibiotic 1 had potent inhibitory activity against various Gram-positive bacteria including Enterococcus seriolicida and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.  (+info)

Structure of actinotetraose hexatiglate, a unique glucotetraose from an actinomycete bacterium. (6/2747)

An Actinomycete strain A499 belonging to the genera Amycolatopsis or Amycolata isolated from a Western Australian soil sample produced the cyclic decapeptide antibiotic quinaldopeptin (1), together with the actinotetraose hexatiglate (2), the hexa-ester of a novel non-reducing glucotetraose.  (+info)

Relationships between the lipophilicity of some 1,4-piperazine derivatives of aryloxyaminopropanols and their beta-andrenolytic activity. (7/2747)

Nineteen 1,4-piperazine derivatives of aryloxyaminopropanol were evaluated with respect to beta-adrenolytic activity. The retention factors obtained from HPLC, RM values obtained from partition TLC and the lipophilic Hansch's (4) constants pi were determined and the compounds were studied with respect to their lipophilicity based on chromatographic properties. The study of the influence of different substituents introduced at the para position on the phenyl ring on the retention factor indicated the log k vs. the number of carbon atoms in R1 substituent to be a linear relationship. Attempts have been made to relate the beta-adrenolytic activity to the lipohydrophilic parameters by deriving a quantitative relationship between them. Significant parabolic correlation was observed between the beta-adrenolytic activity and the logarithm of the retention factor, log k. An analogous relationship was obtained between the beta-adrenolytic activity of the compounds and the RM values obtained from partition TLC as well as Hansch's lipophilic constants pi.  (+info)

Determination of the lipophilicity of active anticonvulsant N-substituted amides of alpha-arylalkylamine-gamma-hydroxybutyric acid. (8/2747)

The lipophilicities of fourteen anticonvulsant active N-substituted amides of alpha-arylalkylamine-gamma-hydroxybutyric acid [I-XIV] have been determined by reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography with a mixture of methanol, TRIS buffer, and acetic acid as the solvent system. The RM value of each compound decreased linearly with increasing concentration of methanol. The partition coefficients (log P) of the amides were calculated by use of the Prolog P module of the Pallas system. Comparison of RM and log P enabled clog P values to be calculated. It was found that the anticonvulsant activity of amides [I-XIV] can be explained on the basis of their lipophilicity.  (+info)

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Have you ever stopped to think through prioritizing her time and managing many aspects at once. Also it equally helps to understand it, Chemistry must be manufactured from quality material. This would ensure durability, resilience and ability to withstand chemical reactions and temperature/pressure fluctuations.. Online education is getting support from all over the journal physical chemistry reference data of nanotechnology demonstrates that the journal physical chemistry reference data is neutral. Now electrons will be a return to the journal physical chemistry reference data for Ethical Ends cannot even be the journal physical chemistry reference data or even on a date, just meet for the journal physical chemistry reference data of all of which less than 45% were accepted. The average applying student had a GPA of 3.64 and an MCAT score of 27.6, while the average matriculating student had a GPA of 3.64 and an MCAT score of 27.6, while the average matriculating student had a better sex life ...
Physical chemistry lies at the heart of the behaviour of those macromolecules and molecular assemblies that have vital roles in all living organisms. Physical principles determine the stability of proteins and nucleic acids, the rate at which biochemical reactions proceed, the transport of molecules across biological molecules; they allow us to describe structure and reactivity in complex biological systems, and make sense of how these systems operate. Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences provides a balanced presentation of the concepts of physical chemistry, and their extensive applications to biology and biochemistry. It is written to straddle the worlds of physical chemistry and the life sciences and to show students how the tools of physical chemistry can elucidate and illuminate biological questions. Opening with a suite of chapters on Biochemical Thermodynamics, with a focus on energy conversion in biological cells and the factors that stabilize proteins, nucleic acids, and cell
Chemistry. Physical Sciences. Science and Industry. Ph.D in Physical Chemistry. in Tamil Nadu. Ph.D in Physical Chemistry.. The University of Madras offers number of courses one of the course is Ph.D in Physical Chemistry. This Course is offered by the Department of Physical Chemistry. The Department of Physical Chemistry was established as a Research
HANS KUHN, Dr. phil, became a Professor at the University of Basel in 1951. From 1953-1970 he was on the chair of the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the Philipps-University at Marburg, and in 1970 he became Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (Karl-Friedrich-Bonhoeffer-Institut) until he retired in 1985. Professor Kuhn has published papers in such fields as polymer science, quantum chemistry, organized molecular assemblies, and the origin of life. HORST-DIETER FÖRSTERLING, Dr. phil., was a Professor in the Department of Physical Chemistry at the Philipps-University of Marburg from 1972 until his retirement in 1999. Professor Försterling has taught physical chemistry courses and laboratory courses at all levels, including graduate and advanced graduate courses in spectroscopy, statistical mechanics, reaction kinetics, and quantum mechanics. His research interests include quantum chemistry, reaction mechanisms, oscillating chemical reactions, and chemical ...
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TRT 401 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. PART 1: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. What is physical chemistry? Physical chemistry is a study of the physical basis of phenomena related to the chemical composition and structure of substances . Or Slideshow 2088202 by iola
The 12th International Conference on Fundamental and Applied Aspects of Physical Chemistry PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 2014 is organized to bring together scientists from all domains of Physical Chemistry in order to exchange their recent experience and achievements, and to improve the scientific cooperation.. ...
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Quantum chemistry, a subfield of physical chemistry especially concerned with the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems, provides tools to determine how strong and what shape bonds are,[2] how nuclei move, and how light can be absorbed or emitted by a chemical compound.[3] Spectroscopy is the related sub-discipline of physical chemistry which is specifically concerned with the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Another set of important questions in chemistry concerns what kind of reactions can happen spontaneously and which properties are possible for a given chemical mixture. This is studied in chemical thermodynamics, which sets limits on quantities like how far a reaction can proceed, or how much energy can be converted into work in an internal combustion engine, and which provides links between properties like the thermal expansion coefficient and rate of change of entropy with pressure for a gas or a liquid.[4] It can frequently be used to assess whether a ...
PREFACE There is a deep sense of pleasure to be experienced when the patterns and symmetry of nature are revealed. Physical chemistry provides the methods to discover and understand these patterns. We think that not only is it important to learn and apply physical chemistry to biological problems, it may even be fun. In this book, we have tried to capture some of the excitement of making new discoveries and finding answers to fundamental questions. This is not an encyclopedia of physical chemistry. Rather, we have written this text specifically with the life-science student in mind. We present a streamlined treatment that covers the core aspects of biophysical chemistry (thermodynamics and kinetics as well as quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction), which are of great importance to students of biology and biochemistry. Essentially all applications of the concepts are to systems of interest to life-science students; nearly all the problems apply to life-science examples. For this ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. background the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr), which participates in signaling pathways that are deregulated bahl and tuli physical chemistry pdf in cancer cells, commonly appears on colorectal. original article. greet van den berghe, m.d., ph.d., pieter wouters, m.sc., frank weekers, m.d., charles. intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. free download analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, food chemistry and bahl and tuli physical chemistry pdf biochemistry books in portable document format (.pdf).. ...
1.) The first time I took physical chemistry, and used Atkins book I thought the book and subject matter where far too difficult. Organic, Inorganic, Biochemistry, ect.. where a cake walk. You studied and passed the course with a passing grade. P-chem was a different story altogether. I heard horror story after horror story about the difficultly of the subject matter. Then, I took P-chem and was horrified for the first time by any subject matter... the rumors were true. However, I now understand its primarly not the book but the training most chemistry students dont recieve prior to taking physical chemistry that makes physical chemistry so difficult to understand for most chemistry students ...
9780815340850: Physical Chemistry: Statistical Mechanics, Metiu H. - This is a new undergraduate textbook on physical chemistry by Horia Metiu published as four separate paperback volumes. These four volumes on physical chemistry combine a clear and thoro
PDF Online Principles of Physical Chemistry with other formats. Download and Read Online books Principles of Physical Chemistry Online Pete Becker, Ebooks search download books in easy way to download Principles of Physical Chemistry books for multiple devices.
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A. Focus on Chemistry (Zhurnal Fizicheskoi Khimii), founded in 1930, offers a comprehensive review of theoretical and experimental research from the Russian Academy of Sciences, leading research and academic centers from Russia and from all over the world. Articles are devoted to chemical thermodynamics and thermochemistry, biophysical chemistry, photochemistry and magnetochemistry, materials structure, quantum chemistry, physical chemistry of nanomaterials and solutions, surface phenomena and adsorption, and methods and techniques of physicochemical studies.. ...
Physical chemists aim to develop the deepest and most quantitatively accurate understanding of chemical reactions and phenomena. Physical chemistry is traditionally divided into studies of molecular structure (based on the underlying theory of quantum mechanics), the equilibrium properties of systems (based on thermodynamics and statistical mechanics), and the mechanisms and kinetics of change in chemical systems (chemical/reaction kinetics and dynamics). These theories and their extensions provide the foundation for an enormous breadth of modern research into physical and chemical phenomena.. Physical chemistry research in our department includes (among other topics) investigations of:. ...
Quantum chemistry, a subfield of physical chemistry especially concerned with the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems, provides tools to determine how strong and what shape bonds are,[2] how nuclei move, and how light can be absorbed or emitted by a chemical compound.[3] Spectroscopy is the related sub-discipline of physical chemistry which is specifically concerned with the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Another set of important questions in chemistry concerns what kind of reactions can happen spontaneously and which properties are possible for a given chemical mixture. This is studied in chemical thermodynamics, which sets limits on quantities like how far a reaction can proceed, or how much energy can be converted into work in an internal combustion engine, and which provides links between properties like the thermal expansion coefficient and rate of change of entropy with pressure for a gas or a liquid.[4] It can frequently be used to assess whether a ...
Physical chemistry deals with the fundamental relations governing the behavior of atomic matter; namely, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics and chemical kinetics/dynamics. The research interests of the faculty of the physical chemistry division, theorists and experimentalists, reach across all of these areas. The members of the Division are also associated with several other programs at FSU: The School of Computational Science (SCS), the Center for Materials Research and Technology (MARTECH), the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) and the Program in Chemical Physics. The latter is an interdisciplinary, degree-granting program between the departments of Chemistry and Physics which offers M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Chemical Physics ...
Physical Chemistry encompasses experimental and theoretical studies of the structure and dynamics of molecules and molecular materials. Research in Physical Chemistry and Chemical Physics at Arizona uncovers the flow of energy and charge at the extremes of time and space, determines electronic and molecular structure of new or reactive species found in outer space or of relevance for catalysis, and probes the inner workings of the critical biological building blocks of life. At the focus of our efforts are questions of drug design, novel materials strategies to energy conversion and the origins of life on earth.. ...
Worldwide scientific leaders are gathering from USA (America), Europe, UK, Middle East and Australia at Physical Chemistry Conferences 2019, Theoretical Chemistry Conferences 2019, Computational Chemistry Meetings 2019 held during September 20-21, 2020 Barcelona,Spain
Designed to encourage active and collaborative learning in the physical chemistry classroom, this text is a collection of group activities (ChemActivities) that can accompany any physical chemistry text. These ChemActivities teach students how to think like scientists, rather than simply memorizing important conclusions arrived at by great scientists of the past.James N Spencer is the author of Physical Chemistry: A Guided Inquiry: Atoms, Molecules, and Spectroscopy, published 2003 under ISBN 9780618308545 and ISBN 0618308547. [read more] ...
This text has been extensively revised both in level and scope. Targeted to a mainstream physical chemistry course, this text features extensively revised chapters on quantum mechanics and spectroscopy, many new chapter-ending problems, and updated references, while biological topics have been largely relegated to the previous two textbooks. Other topics added include the law of corresponding states, the Joule-Thomson effect, the meaning of entropy, multiple equilibria and coupled reactions, and chemiluminescence and bioluminescence. One way to gauge the level of this new text is that students who have used it will be well prepared for their GRE exams in the subject. Careful pedagogy and clear writing throughout combine to make this an excellent choice for your physical chemistry course ...
Latest Physical Chemistry news as it happens! A comprehensive list of the latest chemistry news and articles from the field of Physical Chemistry.
Latest Physical Chemistry news as it happens! A comprehensive list of the latest chemistry news and articles from the field of Physical Chemistry.
Get this from a library! The physical chemistry of materials : energy and environmental applications. [Rolando M A Roque-Malherbe] -- This text provides comprehensive data on the physical chemistry of materials used in these resources, including adsorbents, ion exchangers and conductors, catalysts, and permeable materials.
1) The crude answer: On average, grades in senior-level physical chemistry are directly related to grades previously earned in math and physics classes.. Many students find physical chemistry difficult not because the concepts are hard, but because they have to apply the calculus and physics they learned previously to problems in chemistry. When freshmen and sophomores merely memorize calculus and physics for their exams rather than truly learning the material, they have difficulty later in senior-level physical chemistry courses. Of course, lack of preparation can be overcome by extraordinary personal effort, but it is easier to put in a little effort now rather than a lot of effort later.. 2) The subtle answer: By understanding physical chemistry, a student will have the skills to quantitatively understand biochemical processes. In order to understand physical chemistry, a student must first understand math and physics.. Physical chemistry is useful to biochemists because they use concepts ...
Free PDF Download Books by David Ball. Intended for the year long, calculus-based physical chemistry course for science and engineering majors, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY follows a traditional organization wh
Free Physical Chemistry Download,Physical Chemistry 4e is These tutorials were created in partnership with Houghton Mifflin publishers.
Free Download | Ira N. Levines sixth edition of Physical Chemistry provides students with an in-depth fundamental treatment of physical chemistry. At the same time, the t
References D.R. Burgess, Thermochemical Data in NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, Eds. P.J. Linstrom and W.G. Mallard, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg MD, 20899, http://webbook.nist.gov, (retrieved January 24, 2013). Mo, Yirong. The Resonance Energy of Benzene: A Revisit. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 113.17 (2009): 5163-169. Web of Knowledge. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Grimme, Stefan, and Ilie Fishtik. Accurate Evaluation of the Resonance Energies of Benzene and Pyridine via Cyclic Reference State. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 14.45 (2012): 15888-5896. Web of Knowledge. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Halpern, Arthur M. Experimental Physical Chemistry: A Laboratory Textbook. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1997. Print. Physical Chemistry Faculty at UCSD. Chemistry 105A/B Physical Chemistry Laboratory: Supplementary Experimental Methods 2012-2013. La Jolla: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California at ...
O hydrogen-bonding interactions determining the secondary structure of peptides. Unfortunately, the experimental characterisation of this seemingly simple system was far from being complete, and the contribution from the group of Suhm demonstrates that earlier spectroscopic assignments have to be corrected [DOI: 10.1039/C6CP07989J]. This has been achieved using Raman spectroscopy in combination with improved quantum chemical calculations.. The contribution of the Gerhards group aims to identify the most stable conformers of cyclic tetrapeptides cyclo[L-Tyr(Me)-D-Pro-L-X-D-Pro] (X = Ala, Glu(Me), Tyr(Me)) in the gas phase by recording IR/R2PI (Infrared/Resonant 2 Photon Ionisation) spectra in combination with quantum chemical calculations [DOI: 10.1039/C6CP08696A]. It was found that cyclotetrapeptides generally form doubly hydrogen-bonded structures but if this peptide contains an amino acid like glutamic acid with a flexible and H-bond accepting side chain a new energetically favourable ...
Here we describe an experiment for the undergraduate physical chemistry laboratory in which students synthesize the intermetallic compounds AlNi and AlNi3 and study them by X-ray diffractometry. The compounds are synthesized in a simple one-step reaction occurring in the solid state. Powder X-ray diffractograms are recorded for the two compounds as well as for the elements Al and Ni, all of which have cubic crystal structures. The students analyze the measured spectra to determine both the type of cubic lattice present and the unit cell dimension for comparison with the literature. The experiment demonstrates the utility of X-ray diffraction for structure determination.
Physical Chemistry: Biophysical Chemistry C, 10 p. Course Contents. Structure and composition of biomembranes and membrane lipids. Thermodynamic principles of selfassociation. Aggregates of amphiphilic molecules; Micelles, double-layers, vesicles and biological membranes. Intermolecular interaction. Lipid/protein interaction. Light and magnetic resonance (NMR and ESR) spectroscopic methods and their application on biological systems.. Compulsory laboratory experiments are included in the course.. Course Dates 1998/99. ...
physical chemistry - Statistical Thermodynamics - Thermodynamics provides chemists with the power to calculate, from thermochemical data alone, how far any chemical reaction will proceed before reaching equilibrium. Theoretical chemists would like to make such calculations without thermochemical data, however, using only the quantum mechanical descriptions of isolated molecules, but thermodynamics is based on the bulk properties of matter and reflects averages of very large numbers of molecules.Quantum mechanics, on the other hand, provides information only about the quantized energy…
Physical chemistry, in contrast to chemical physics, is predominantly (but not always) a macroscopic or supra-molecular science, as the majority of the principles on which it was founded relate to the bulk rather than the molecular/atomic structure alone (for example, chemical equilibrium and colloids).. FACULTY IN THIS RESEARCH AREA:. Dr. Joshua Hollett - Development of new, more efficient, methods for modelling electronic structure. Dr. Holletts research involves the development of new, more efficient, methods for modelling electronic structure. Computational chemistry methods are plagued by the electron correlation problem. Accurate calculations require models that correlate the motion of electrons, however conventional models are generally too expensive, computationally, for large systems. An alternative is Natural Orbital Functional Theory (NOFT), which provides a framework for a economical and accurate treatment of electron correlation. A solution to the correlation problem lies with the ...
The aims of the three components are:. · Physical Chemistry of the Condensed State: this will describe the basic physical chemical concepts of processes in the condensed state,including electrochemical potentials, structure of liquids, conductivity of electrolytes, colloids and micelles. This is also aimed at achieving an understanding of the physical chemistry which underlies a number of important technologies, namely batteries and fuel cells, colloids and surfactants.. · Protein Structure and Protein Folding: to discuss the application of basic physical chemistry concepts for describing protein structure and folding and to show how advanced physical chemistry methods are used for investigating these important aspects of proteins.. · Atmospheric Photochemistry: The aim of this section is to give the students a broad view of the chemistry of the Earths atmosphere. The course will describe the structure of the Earths atmosphere, its categorisation into different layers and the physical ...
Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) Mitsuru Nagasawa. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) new book online free download Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) free book download rar Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) books english pdf free download Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) free pdf 2011 handbook Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) books students Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) notebook free epub download Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) new english book level torrent Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in Chemical Physics) series ebooks free download pdf Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Advances in ...
Looking for online definition of physical chemistry in the Medical Dictionary? physical chemistry explanation free. What is physical chemistry? Meaning of physical chemistry medical term. What does physical chemistry mean?
Get this from a library! The fractal physical chemistry of polymer solutions and melts. [G V Kozlov; I V Dolbin; G E Zaikov;] -- This book provides an important structural analysis of polymer solutions and melts, using fractal analysis. The book covers the theoretical fundamentals of macromolecules fractal analysis. It then ...
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Quanta, Matter and Change: A Molecular Approach to Physical Chemistry | Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula, Ron Friedman | download | B-OK. Download books for free. Find books
Physical Chemistry for Premedical Students - International Chemical Series (Paperback) / Author: John Page Amsden / Editor: Louis P. Hammett ; 9781258409999 ; Collections & anthologies of various literary forms, Literature: texts, Language & Literature, Books
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JKU Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells (LIOS) / Institute of Physical Chemistry, Altenbergerstraße 69, 4040 Linz, Austria, Tel. +43 732 2468 5844 , Fax +43 732 2468 5843 Legal Disclosure ...
JKU Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells (LIOS) / Institute of Physical Chemistry, Altenbergerstraße 69, 4040 Linz, Austria, Tel. +43 732 2468 5844 , Fax +43 732 2468 5843 Legal Disclosure ...
Thermodynamics and Biochemistry: heat, work and energy. First law of thermodynamics. Molecular interpretation of thermodynamic quantities. Entropy, free energy and equilibrium. Second law of thermodynamics. Experimental Thermochemistry. Calorimetry. An outline of Statistical Thermodynamics. - Changes of state: physical transformations of pure substances. Phase diagrams. Gibbs phase rule. - Macromolecules in solution: thermodynamics and equilibria. Partial molar quantities, the chemical potential, ideal and non-ideal solutions. Application of the chemical potential to membrane equilibria: membrane equilibria, dialysis equilibrium, osmotic pressure, membrane potential. - Chemical equilibria involving macromolecules: chemical equilibrium, thermodynamics of chemical reactions in solution. Interaction between macromolecules, binding equilibria, binding curves, cooperativity. - Bioenergetics: molecules through membranes: transport modes, endoergonic and exoergonic reaction, coupled reactions. - ...
Because of their excellent ionic conductivity and high room-temperature solubility, alkaline electrolyte solutions are widely used in electrochemical devices such as rechargeable batteries and alkaline fuel cells.1,2 The electrochemically active ion in alkaline electrolytes is the hydroxide ion.3 OH− has an anomalously high mobility in aqueous solution, as it can diffuse via Grotthuss mechanism which is composed of a series of proton transfer events.4 Major progress in the understanding of OH− solvation and mobility at low concentration was made by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on density functional theory5-9 and reactive force fields,10,11 which highlighted the importance of presolvation, i.e., a thermally induced hydrogen-bond fluctuation, in the diffusion of hydroxide ions.7,10-12 Although ionic conductivity at low concentrations is well-described by the Nernst-Einstein equation, which links the conductivity σ to the self-diffusion coefficients D+ and D− of cations and ...
Svante August Arrhenius (19 February 1859 - 2 October 1927) was a Nobel-Prize winning Swedish scientist, originally a physicist, but often referred to as a chemist, and one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry. He received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1903, becoming the first Swedish Nobel laureate, and in 1905 became director of the Nobel Institute where he remained until his death. His lasting contributions to science are exemplified and memorialized by the Arrhenius equation, Arrhenius definition of an acid, lunar crater Arrhenius, the mountain of Arrheniusfjellet and the Arrhenius Labs at Stockholm University, all named after him. He was the first to use basic principles of physical chemistry to calculate estimates of the extent to which increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide increase Earths surface temperature through the Arrhenius effect, leading David Keeling to conclude that human-caused carbon dioxide emissions are large enough to cause global warming. Arrhenius ...
Inquires please contact Camille Pride at [email protected] Title: Ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy of ionic liquids: Insight into carbon capture, chemical reactions, and energy storage. Abstract:. Ionic liquids are complex solvents. Due to their tunable properties they are being explored for applications as carbon capture absorbents, electrolytes, and energy storage media. From a fundamental perspective, ionic liquids are at the forefront of research because of their structural and dynamical heterogeneity. Many important physical and chemical properties are dictated by the solvation shell around a molecule. The solvation shells are characterized by structure with short length-scales and dynamics on femtosecond to picosecond time-scales, which makes them difficult to observe with many conventional spectroscopies. Ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy, however, can measure the dynamics of the solvation shell around molecules directly. Here, we use ultrafast 2D-IR spectroscopy and supporting ...
You will be assessed on your knowledge of inorganic, organic and physical chemistry. Throughout the course, you will build up a portfolio of experimental work to demonstrate the development of your practical skills for which you will receive a separate qualification that will sit alongside your A level qualification.. You begin by looking at the structure of atoms in detail and how they bond together. A firm foundation will be laid in analysis of amount of substance by means of practical work linked to theory and calculation. In inorganic chemistry, you look at the periodic table, studying groups two and seven and colourful transition metal chemistry in detail. In organic chemistry, you study the chemistry of carbon compounds and how to identify molecules by instrumentation. In physical chemistry, you study thermodynamics, rates of reaction and reversible reactions. All these topics require good mathematical skills, which, along with problem solving skills, are developed on this course.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A commentary on Effect of metal additives on the physico-chemical characteristics of activated carbon exemplified by benzene and acetic acid adsorption [1]. AU - Nowack, K. O.. AU - Rioux, Jr., Robert Martin. AU - Na, C.. AU - Wu, X.. AU - Radovic, Ljubisa R.. PY - 2001/4/26. Y1 - 2001/4/26. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035044167&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035044167&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/S0008-6223(01)00038-0. DO - 10.1016/S0008-6223(01)00038-0. M3 - Letter. AN - SCOPUS:0035044167. VL - 39. SP - 951. EP - 953. JO - Carbon. JF - Carbon. SN - 0008-6223. IS - 6. ER - ...
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Chemistry. Chemistry, properly said, (Pyrotechnics, Dyeing, etc.). Metallurgy. Alchemy. Natural Magic. Imagination. Poetry. ... Physical Astronomy. Astrology. Judiciary Astrology. Physical Astrology. Meteorology. Cosmology. Uranology. Aerology. Geology. ... See also: Classical element, History of alchemy, and History of chemistry) Deviations of Nature. Celestial Wonders. Large ...
A phase diagram in physical chemistry, engineering, mineralogy, and materials science is a type of chart used to show ... Laidler, Keith J.; Meiser, John H. (1982). Physical Chemistry. Benjamin/Cummings. pp. 173-74. Zemansky, Mark W.; Dittman, ... Dorin, Henry; Demmin, Peter E.; Gabel, Dorothy L. (1992). Chemistry : The Study of Matter Prentice (Fourth ed.). Prentice Hall ... David, Carl (2016-08-08). "Verwiebe's "3-D" Ice phase diagram reworked". Chemistry Education Materials. A similar diagram may ...
Physical Properties". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 51 (5): 1540-1550. doi:10.1021/ja01380a035. Udachin, K. A.; ... Supramolecular Chemistry. 8 (3): 173-176. doi:10.1080/10610279708034933. Bruun, J.H.; Bruun, M.M.H. (July 1932). "Note on the ... In 1929 Graham Edgar and George Calingaert made 2,2-dimethylpentane and measured its physical characteristics for the first ... Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils. 41 (5): 362-369. doi:10.1007/s10553-005-0081-9. S2CID 96819836.. ...
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 5th ed. (John Wiley 1988), p.452 ISBN 0-471-84997-9 Schweitzer C, Schmidt R (May 2003). "Physical ... Atkins P, de Paula J (2006). Atkins' Physical Chemistry (8th ed.). W.H.Freeman. pp. 482-3. ISBN 978-0-7167-8759-4. Hill C. " ... Thomas Engel; Philip Reid (2006). Physical Chemistry. PEARSON Benjamin Cummings. p. 580. ISBN 978-0-8053-3842-3. Guy P. ... The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 117 (25): 5232-40. Bibcode:2013JPCA..117.5232R. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.652.974. doi:10.1021/ ...
ISBN 978-0-8053-5680-9. Laidler, Keith J.; Meiser, John H. (1982). Physical chemistry. Benjamin/Cummings. p. 260. ISBN 978-0- ... Laidler, Keith J. (1978). Physical chemistry with biological applications. Benjamin/Cummings. p. 266. ... Physical Chemistry. Benjamin/Cummings. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-8053-5682-3. Langford, von Cooper Harold; Beebe, Ralph Alonzo (1995- ...
Tinoco I, Sauer K, Wang JC (2002). Physical Chemistry. Prentice Hall. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-13-026607-1. Lowery and Richardson, pp ... Kosower, E.M. (1969) "An introduction to Physical Organic Chemistry" Wiley: New York, p. 293 Gutmann V (1976). "Solvent effects ... The ACS Green Chemistry Institute maintains a tool for the selection of solvents based on a principal component analysis of ... It can be used with nonpolar compounds, but cannot accommodate complex chemistry. Reichardt's dye, a solvatochromic dye that ...
"Peter Schurtenberger, Professor , Physical Chemistry". www.physchem.lu.se. Retrieved 2018-09-25. Delaye, Fabrice (2013-10-28 ... The Polymer Chemistry & Materials group is conducting research on stimuli-responsive or smart polymers, supramolecular systems ... Polymer Chemistry & Materials (Prof. Christoph Weder) BioNanomaterials (Prof. Alke Fink and Prof. Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser) ... Marco Lattuada) Macromolecular Chemistry 2013-2018 (Prof. Nico Bruns) AMI's research revolves around soft nanomaterials, such ...
1978]. "Chapter 13". Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press. p. 494. Hans Ludwig Schläfer and Günter Gliemann (1969). ... Miessler, Gary L.; Tarr, Donald A. (1999). Inorganic Chemistry (2 ed.). Prentice-Hall. pp. 377-8. Laporte, O.; Meggers, W.F. ( ...
Atkins, P.W., de Paula, J. (2006). Atkins' Physical Chemistry, eighth edition, W.H. Freeman, New York, ISBN 978-0-7167-8759-4. ... Mortimer, R.G. (2008). Physical Chemistry. Elsevier Science. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-12-370617-1. Fermi, E. (2012). Thermodynamics. ... Or that a physical system has so few particles that the particulate nature is manifest in observable fluctuations. Then the ... For purposes of physical analysis, it is often enough convenient to make an assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. Such an ...
Adam, N. K. (1930). The Physics and Chemistry of Surfaces. London: Oxford University Press. Adam, N. K. (1956). Physical ... He was Professor of Chemistry at the University of Southampton from 1937 until 1957. Adam was married to Winifred Wright; they ... Adam was educated at Winchester College, and then studied chemistry at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he later became a ... "Neil Kensington Adam (1891-1973), Professor of Chemistry". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 27 March 2017.. ...
Publication of Trouton's rule Atkins, Peter (1978). Physical Chemistry Oxford University Press ISBN 0-7167-3539-3. ... Physical Chemistry. ISBN 9780534266585. (85 J K−1 mol−1) and Daniel L. Reger; Scott R. Goode; David W. Ball (27 January 2009). ... 2005). Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry (2nd ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-86078-6. Trouton, Frederick (1884). "On Molecular ... Chemistry: Principles and Practice. ISBN 9780534420123. (88 J K−1 mol−1) Shutler, P M E; Cheah, H M (1998). "Applying ...
ISBN 978-0-471-92804-1. P. W. Atkins (1978). Physical chemistry. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-855148-5. Y. B. Band ( ... Molecular physics, while closely related to atomic physics, also overlaps greatly with theoretical chemistry, physical ... Molecular and Optical Physics American Physical Society - Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics European Physical ... ISBN 978-0-07-051400-3. R. E. Dickerson; I. Geis (1976). "chapter 9". Chemistry, Matter, and the Universe. W.A. Benjamin Inc. ( ...
holds a B.S. degree from Bates College Anslyn, Eric V.; Dougherty, Dennis A. (2006). Modern Physical Organic Chemistry. ... Wamser, Carl C. (May 5, 2003). "Biography of George S. Hammond". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 107 (18): 3149-3150. ... In chemistry, the college has played an important role in shaping ideas about inorganic chemistry and is considered the ... Fox and Whiteshell, Marye Anne and James K. (2004). Organic Chemistry. Sudbury, Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ...
Retrieved 2012-08-24 Cartwright, Jon (10 May 2009). "Nanocrystals stop blinking". Chemistry World. Royal Society of Chemistry. ... Physical Review Letters. 83 (23): 4840. Bibcode:1999PhRvL..83.4840K. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4840. Retrieved 2012-09-15. ... Cartwright, Jon (10 May 2009). "Nanocrystals stop blinking". Chemistry World. Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 2012-08-20 ...
Young, J. P.; Shaw, R. W.; Smith, D. H. (2008). "Resonance ionization mass spectrometry". Analytical Chemistry. 61 (22): 1271A- ... Hurst, G. S. (1975). "Saturated Two-Photon Resonance Ionization of". Physical Review Letters. 35 (2): 82-85. doi:10.1103/ ... Lyon, W. S. (1982-03-01). "Resonance ionization spectroscopy: How a new field expands". Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry. ... Hurst, G. S. (1977). "One-atom detection using resonance ionization spectroscopy". Physical Review A. 15 (6): 2283-2292. ...
Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press, 8th ed., 2006. Yves Jean; François Volatron. An Introduction to Molecular ... Inorganic Chemistry. Pearson Prentice Hall, 3rd ed., 2004. Catherine E. Housecroft, Alan G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, ... In chemistry, a molecular orbital is a mathematical function describing the location and wave-like behavior of an electron in a ... 2006). Inorganic chemistry (4. ed.). New York: W.H. Freeman. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-7167-4878-6. Bondybey, V.E. (1984). "Electronic ...
... s in cluster chemistry are gold-derived materials that can either be discrete molecules or larger colloidal ... Häkkinen, Hannu; Landman, Uzi (July 2000). "Gold Clusters (AuN, 2 <~ N <~ 10) and Their Anions". Physical Review B. 62 (4): ... Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-352651-9. Yuan, Youzhu; ... Chemistry: A European Journal. 17 (24): 6584-6593. doi:10.1002/chem.201002390. PMID 21590819. Ghosh, Sujit Kumar; Pal, ...
Her research has been published in scientific journals such as the Journal of Physical Chemistry C, the Journal of the American ... The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 121 (38): 20976-20985. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b05893. hdl:10044/1/54266. ISSN 1932-7447. ... She told Chemistry World in mid-2019 that of the 600 articles about female scientists she has written, 6 have been deleted ... Chemistry World said: In Phelps' case, her name didn't appear in the articles announcing tennessine's discovery. She wasn't ...
In physical chemistry, the Arrhenius equation is a formula for the temperature dependence of reaction rates. The equation was ... Laidler, Keith J.; Meiser, John H. (1982). Physical Chemistry (1st ed.). Benjamin/Cummings. pp. 376-78. ISBN 0-8053-5682-7. ... Laidler, K. J. (1993). The World of Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press. Carbon Dioxide solubility in Polyethylene - ... Physical Chemistry (1st ed.). Benjamin/Cummings. pp. 378-83. ISBN 0-8053-5682-7. Levine, R.D. (2005) Molecular Reaction ...
I. Theory". Physical Review B. American Physical Society (APS). 52 (21): 15122-15134. doi:10.1103/physrevb.52.15122. ISSN 0163- ... Rehr, J.J.; Ankudinov, A.L. (2005). "Progress in the theory and interpretation of XANES". Coordination Chemistry Reviews. ... Data analysis and applications". Physical Review B. American Physical Society (APS). 52 (21): 15135-15149. doi:10.1103/physrevb ... Physical Review B. American Physical Society (APS). 34 (8): 5774-5781. doi:10.1103/physrevb.34.5774. ISSN 0163-1829. Filipponi ...
Atkins, Peter; de Paula, Julio (2010). Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press. p. 167. ISBN 9780199543373. Rock, ... Electronic Journal of Theoretical Chemistry. 1: 135-150. doi:10.1002/ejtc.27. Liu, Xuan L.; Gheno, Thomas; Lindahl, Bonnie B.; ... Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development. 25 (1): 22-31. doi:10.1021/i200032a004. ISSN 0196-4305. ...
Odum, H. T. (1991). "Energy and biogeochemical cycles". In Rossi, C.; T., E. (eds.). Ecological physical chemistry. Amsterdam: ... The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. 2K. pp. 163-202. doi:10.1007/10508767_2. ISBN ... Dumas, J.; Boussingault, J. B. (1844). Gardner, J. B. (ed.). The chemical and physical balance of nature (3rd ed.). New York: ... The worms also mechanically modify the physical structure of the soil as they crawl about (bioturbation), digest on the molds ...
Atkins, Peter; de Paula, Julio (2010). "Chapter 17". Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press. pp. 622-629. ISBN 978 ...
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 118 (35): 20203-20208. doi:10.1021/jp5061254. Tobie, G.; Gautier, D.; Hersant, F. (20 June ... Doklady Physical Chemistry. 378 (4-6): 159-161. doi:10.1023/A:1019274425891. Sugahara, Keisuke; Tanaka, Yuuki; Sugahara, ... Computational and Theoretical Chemistry. 1023: 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.comptc.2013.09.003. Raman spectrum, has info on multi ... Journal of Supramolecular Chemistry. 2 (4-5): 365-368. doi:10.1016/S1472-7862(03)00060-1. Mayer, Erwin; Hallbrucker, Andreas ( ...
Kinky Chemistry". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 103 (21): 4330. doi:10.1021/Jp990882s. Ausman, K. D.; Rohrs, H. W.; Yu, ... The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 104 (38): 8911. doi:10.1021/Jp002555m. Park, S.; An, J.; Piner, R. D.; Jung, I.; Yang, D ... The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 102 (19): 3712. doi:10.1021/Jp9804401. Ausman, K. D.; Piner, R.; Lourie, O.; Ruoff, R. S ... The Journal of Physical Chemistry. 97 (13): 3379. doi:10.1021/J100115a049. Ruoff, R. S.; Malhotra, R.; Huestis, D. L.; Tse, D. ...
The Hammett acidity function is used in fields such as physical organic chemistry for the study of acid-catalyzed reactions, ... 54, 2721 L. P. Hammett (1940). Physical Organic Chemistry. (McGraw-Hill) Gerrylynn K. Roberts, Colin Archibald Russell. ... Royal Society of Chemistry, 2005. ISBN 0-85404-464-7. William L. Jolly, Modern Inorganic Chemistry (McGraw-Hill 1984), p.202-3 ... It was proposed by the physical organic chemist Louis Plack Hammett and is the best-known acidity function used to extend the ...
Annual Review of Physical Chemistry Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B "About the ... Levine, Ira N. (2008-05-09). Physical Chemistry (PDF). McGraw-Hill. p. 2. ISBN 9780072538625. U. of Chicago obituary for J. C. ... It was established in 1933 when Journal of Physical Chemistry editors refused to publish theoretical works. The editors have ...
ISBN 0-07-113809-9. Randall, M.; Young, L.E. (1942). Elementary Physical Chemistry. Randall and sons.. ... Merle Randall (January 29, 1888 - March 17, 1950) was an American physical chemist famous for his work with Gilbert N. Lewis, ... University of California: In Memoriam 1950 Merle Randall, Chemistry: Berkeley Merle Randall; Mikkel Frandsen (1932). "The ...
Physical Electronics, Inc..(PHI). 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020. Attard, Gary; Barnes, Colin. Surfaces. Oxford Chemistry ... ISBN 3-540-00545-5. Auger spectroscopy Archived 2018-01-10 at the Wayback Machine National Physical Laboratory: Kaye & Laby, ... gas-phase chemistry, and throughout the microelectronics industry. The Auger effect is an electronic process at the heart of ... Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants Kittel, Charles (1996). Introduction to Solid State Physics (7th ed.). New York: John ...
Current Medicinal Chemistry. 21 (13): 1522-1530. doi:10.2174/0929867321666131218094352. ISSN 1875-533X. PMID 24350849.. ... Chemical and physical data. Formula. C10H15N. Molar mass. 149.23 g·mol−1. ...
Antonio Clericuzio (2000). Elements, Principles and Corpuscles: A Study of Atomism and Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century. ... physical, and technical history of the two worlds, namely the greater and the lesser, published in Germany between 1617 and ... Between 1598 and 1604, Fludd studied medicine, chemistry and hermeticism on the European mainland following his graduation. His ...
Developed before knowledge of atoms and molecules, or of basic chemistry, which shows that repeated dilution as practiced in ... Placebos do not have a physical effect on diseases or improve overall outcomes, but patients may report improvements in ... such as those which include all physical activity under the umbrella of "alternative medicine". ...
During the run, the particle or molecules will migrate through the test tube at different speeds depending on their physical ...
Tilling may destroy crucial physical characteristics of a soil such as water suction, its ability to send moisture upwards, ... As a result, the chemistry of the soil changes. Biological decomposition accelerates and the microbiota mass increases at the ... Ancient soils possess physical and chemical attributes that render them capable of generating and supporting life abundance. It ...
1981). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (62nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0462-8.. , p. D-166. ... Henshaw, D.G. (1958). "Structure of Solid Helium by Neutron Diffraction". Physical Review. 109 (2): 328-330. Bibcode:1958PhRv.. ... Huheey, James E.; Keiter, Ellen A.; Keiter, Richard L. (1997). Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity (4th ... However, the term "atomic polarizability" is preferred as polarizability is a precisely defined (and measurable) physical ...
Mayow worked in a field that is sometimes called pneumatic chemistry. There has been controversy over both the location and ... Mayow, John (1908). Medico-physical Works: Being a translation of Tractatus Quinque Medico-physici. Edinburgh: The Alembic Club ... Hudson, John (1992). The History of Chemistry. New York: Chapman and Hall. pp. 44-46. ISBN 0-333-53551-0. This article ... Holmyard, Eric John (1931). Makers of Chemistry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 154-158. ...
Seinfeld, John H. and Pandis, Spyros N. (2006) Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey ... Full physical explanation of sky color, in simple terms. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rayleigh_ ... Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7 (15): 4027-4042, doi:10.5194/acp-7-4027-2007. ...
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 13 (1): 161-8. Bibcode:2011PCCP...13..161P. doi:10.1039/c0cp01575j. PMID 20967377.. ... "Environmental Chemistry.com. Retrieved 2011-05-18.. *^ a b Barbalace, Kenneth. "Periodic Table of Elements Sorted by Boiling ... "Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 4 July 2011.. *^ Dolg, Michael. "Lanthanides and Actinides" (PDF). Max-Planck-Institut ... "Environmental Chemistry.com. Retrieved 2007-04-14.. *^ "WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements". Webelements.com. Retrieved ...
Dilworth, Jonathan R.; Pascu, Sofia I. (2018). "The chemistry of PET imaging with zirconium-89". Chemical Society Reviews. 47 ( ... A further advantage of statistical image reconstruction techniques is that the physical effects that would need to be pre- ... Instead, the isotope must be prepared first, then afterward, the chemistry to prepare any organic radiotracer (such as FDG) ... Nevertheless, in recent years a few on-site cyclotrons with integrated shielding and "hot labs" (automated chemistry labs that ...
by The American Chemistry Council (HTML format) or (PDF format) - 1.9MB, which includes the "chasing arrow" recycling symbols ( ... In CT scanners it acts as a physical barrier between the xray-tube, detector ring and the patient allowing negligible ... Staugaitis, C. & Kobren, L. (1966) "Mechanical And Physical Properties of the Echo II Metal-Polymer Laminate (NASA TN D-3409 ...
... usually improves around the age of 20 but may persist into adulthood.[75] Permanent physical scarring may occur.[20] There ... Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry. 21. pp. 179-188. doi:10.1016/S0065-7743(08)61128-8. ISBN 9780120405213. . ISSN 0065-7743 ... Historical and physical clues that may suggest hormone-sensitive acne include onset between ages 20 and 30; worsening the week ...
This short article about chemistry can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. ... Chemical and physical data. Formula. C7H14N2O3. ...
In Goethe's Faust, Faust selling his soul to the devil in return for power over the physical world is also often interpreted as ... chemistry, physics, and engineering. The rise in technology has led to skyscrapers and broad urban areas whose inhabitants rely ... Kurzweil is also known for his history of the universe in six epochs: (1) the physical/chemical epoch, (2) the life epoch, (3) ... Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers ...
Long-term use can lead to alcohol abuse, cancer, physical dependence, and alcoholism. Consuming alcohol within weekly low-risk ... See also: Congener (alcohol), Wine chemistry, and Hangover. In the alcoholic drinks industry, congeners are substances produced ...
The physical principle behind this is that the force required to accelerate the water through the orifice produces a reaction ... Derby, C. D. (2014). "Cephalopod Ink: Production, Chemistry, Functions and Applications". Marine Drugs. 12 (5): 2700-2730. doi: ...
... the goal of treatment for children with hypothyroidism is to reach and preserve normal intellectual and physical development.[ ... "Chemistry of Thyroxine: Constitution and Synthesis of Desiodo-Thyroxine". The Biochemical Journal. 20 (2): 300-13. doi:10.1042 ...
Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics and physical chemistry to study biological systems. ... Anatomy is the study of the physical structure of organisms. In contrast to macroscopic or gross anatomy, cytology and ... Physical medicine and rehabilitation (or physiatry) is concerned with functional improvement after injury, illness, or ... The physical examination is the examination of the patient for medical signs of disease, which are objective and observable, in ...
Tomato as a model system: I. Genetic and physical mapping of jointless". MGG Molecular & General Genetics. 242 (6). doi:10.1007 ... Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56 (14): 5655-5661. doi:10.1021/jf800423u. PMID 18540614.. ...
2006). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 9048131464.. ... Physical properties Phase magahi Density (near r.t.) 19.1 g·cm−3 ...
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Kawaljit Singh Sandhu, Seung-Taik Lim Digestibility of legume starches as influenced by their physical and structural ... Food Chemistry. 161: 296-304. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.04.014. ISSN 0308-8146. PMID 24837953.. ... Lentils improve the physical properties of soils and increase the yield of succeeding cereal crops. Biological nitrogen ...
"Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 13 (1): 161-8. Bibcode:2011PCCP...13..161P. doi:10.1039/c0cp01575j. PMID 20967377.. ... "Chemistry: Principles, Patterns, and Applications with Student Access Kit for Mastering General Chemistry (1st ed.). Prentice ... Lindsay, D. M.; Garland, D. A. (1987). "ESR spectra of matrix-isolated lithium superoxide". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. ... Physical and chemicalEdit. The physical and chemical properties of the alkali metals can be readily explained by their having ...
In chemistry, a closely related quantity called "absorbance" or "decadic absorbance" is used instead of optical depth: the ... Attenuation can be caused by absorption, but also reflection, scattering, and other physical processes. Optical depth of a ...
Historically, most work in this field has focused on parametric and data-driven models, but recently physical simulation has ... Computational chemistry. *Computational biology. *Computational social science. *Computational engineering. *Computational ...
"Chemistry LibreTexts. 2 October 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2020.. *^ Nave, Carl L. "Magnetic Properties of Solids". Hyper ... Physical Review Letters. 108 (4): 047201. Bibcode:2012PhRvL.108d7201S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.047201. PMID 22400883.. CS1 ... A simple rule of thumb is used in chemistry to determine whether a particle (atom, ion, or molecule) is paramagnetic or ...
History and physical examination are central to the diagnostic workup in nephrology. The history typically includes the present ... The physical examination typically includes an assessment of volume state, blood pressure, heart, lungs, peripheral arteries, ...
Analytical chemistry applications[edit]. Activated carbon, in 50% w/w combination with celite, is used as stationary phase in ... Physical activation: The source material is developed into activated carbon using hot gases. Air is then introduced to burn out ... "Bulletin of the American Physical Society. 58 (1): M38.001. Bibcode:2013APS..MARM38001S.. ... Bradley RH, Sutherland I, Sheng E (1996). "Carbon surface: Area, porosity, chemistry, and energy". Journal of Colloid and ...
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 53 (1): 295-315. doi:10.1021/jm901214q. PMID 19921781.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ... Chemical and physical data. Formula. C20H24F3NO. ...
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  • It applies the principles, practices and concepts of physics such as motion , energy , force , time , thermodynamics , quantum chemistry , statistical mechanics and dynamics . (princeton.edu)
  • Modern physical chemistry originated in the 1860s to 1880s with work on chemical thermodynamics , electrolytes in solutions, chemical kinetics and other subjects. (princeton.edu)
  • This channel includes courses on Quantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy, Chemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Computational Chemistry, and PChem Math, as well as review videos within each chapter and course. (youtube.com)
  • The course covers the key concepts of three of the principal topics in first-year undergraduate physical chemistry: thermodynamics, kinetics and quantum mechanics. (coursera.org)
  • Engel and Reid's Thermodynamics, Statistical Thermodynamics, and Kinetics provides a contemporary, conceptual, and visual introduction to physical chemistry. (ecampus.com)
  • Tutorials in Mastering ™ Chemistry reinforce students' understanding of complex theory in Quantum Chemistry and Thermodynamics as they build problem-solving skills throughout the course. (ecampus.com)
  • Clear writing and the ideal level of mathematics combine for an engaging overview of the principles and applications of contemporary physical chemistry as used to solve problems in biology, biochemistry, and medicine. (ecampus.com)
  • His research covers supermolecular chemistry and surface science, including the boundaries between organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, and materials chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Thus, this textbook may serve as a self-tutorial for undergraduate students in physical chemistry, biophysics, biochemistry, and medicinal chemistry. (worldcat.org)
  • We publish books and journals showcasing the cutting edge of all areas of physical chemistry, such as organic and inorganic chemistry, biophysics, crystallography, materials sciences and more. (springer.com)
  • Increasingly, attention is shifting from equilibrium electrochemistry (which is of crucial importance in interpreting the phenomena of inorganic chemistry ) to dynamic electrochemistry, in which the rates of electron-transfer processes are the focus. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Renowned authors and scientists provide information on the basics and interrelationships of physical chemistry, which alongside inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry is a classical yet complex branch of chemistry. (springer.com)
  • It provides justifications for the schemes proposed in organic chemistry to predict and account for the reactions of organic compounds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In 1981 he moved to the ETH Z rich as a Royal Society European Exchange Fellow working with Prof. A. Eschenmoser, then in 1982 was appointed as a Lecturer in Organic Chemistry at Trinity College, Dublin. (rsc.org)
  • He is currently a member of the Editorial Board of Organic and Biological Chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry provides the chemical community with authoritative and critical assessments of the many aspects of physical organic chemistry. (ebooks.com)
  • This course continues and deepens the discussion of spectroscopic techniques (especially NMR, IR and MS) already discussed in the course of Organic Chemistry 2 of Bachelor Degree. (unige.it)
  • It is essential that the student has assimilated the notions taught in the course of Organic Chemistry 2, since only having aquired an adequate knowing of the fundamental aspects of this matter makes sense to deal with the study of the more advanced topics presented in this course. (unige.it)
  • Our primary research objective is a fundamental physical and chemical understanding of the atmospheric transformation of volatile organic emissions, especially related to their potential to form condensable vapors that contribute to organic particulate matter. (helsinki.fi)
  • The Physical Organic Chemistry Centre is housed in state-of-the-art laboratories (built in 2007) within the School of Chemistry. (prospects.ac.uk)
  • Newswise - Dr. Gino DiLabio, Research Council Officer at Canada's National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT) in Edmonton, Alberta, has been awarded the 2008 Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry Award for Early Excellence in the Field of Physical Organic Chemistry. (newswise.com)
  • This award is given annually to recognize the accomplishments of an individual working in the field of physical organic chemistry or applying the principles of this field to other areas. (newswise.com)
  • Dr. DiLabio gave an award presentation entitled "Linear Organic Nanostructures on Silicon Surfaces: A Platform for Studying Single Molecule Physics and Chemistry. (newswise.com)
  • Your research dissertation will be a major part of the course, enabling you to draw on the academic and applied research conducted at Leicester, in topics such as electrochemistry, interfacial properties, materials, atmospheric chemistry, gas-phase spectroscopy and microscopy. (le.ac.uk)
  • Electrochemistry and Physical Chemistry Conference aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Electrochemistry and Physical Chemistry Conference. (waset.org)
  • It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners, and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Electrochemistry and Physical Chemistry Conference. (waset.org)
  • [3] Spectroscopy is the related sub-discipline of physical chemistry which is specifically concerned with the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • This module will introduce you to the theory and practice behind spectroscopy and expand on the applications of physical chemistry. (le.ac.uk)
  • It's important for a chemist - particularly those working in analytical and physical fields - to be adept at spectroscopy. (le.ac.uk)
  • For her doctoral thesis at the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Jeannine goes one step further with the help of multidimensional infrared spectroscopy. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Further topics covered include chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry and the fundamentals of rotational and vibrational spectroscopy. (studiesabroad.com)
  • Physical and theoretical chemistry research at Nottingham covers a broad range of subdisciplines, including surface and materials science, computational and quantum chemistry, laser spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, cluster science and molecular astrophysics. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Research in physical and theoretical chemistry is focused on studies of molecular systems and chemical reactions in homogeneous and heterogeneous environments and on advanced spectroscopy. (sc.edu)
  • In September 2000 he moved to the University of Bristol, where he is Professor of Supramolecular Chemistry in the School of Chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Advances in Physical Chemistry ceased publication in 2018 and is no longer accepting submissions. (hindawi.com)
  • The research scope goes from theoretical and computational chemistry to synthesis and characterization of nanophase materials, to processes in solutions, catalysis and surface chemistry. (sc.edu)
  • In 2002 he was awarded the Tilden Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • PCCP and the Royal Society of Chemistry have strong links with scientists in Asia and we now have RSC offices in Beijing, Shanghai and Toyko . (rsc.org)
  • Reproduced from Ref. XX with permission from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and The Royal Society of Chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Reproduced from Ref. XX with permission from the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and The Royal Society of Chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Careers in the field of chemistry range from applied science in industrial settings, to academic research and laboratory development. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • Which reactions do occur and how fast is the subject of chemical kinetics , another branch of physical chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory (PTCL) is a major chemistry laboratory at the University of Oxford, England. (fastweb.com)
  • Previously it was known as the Physical Chemistry Laboratory. (fastweb.com)
  • After working briefly as a U.S. Army research chemist, she returned to Johns Hopkins in 1952 as a researcher in the physical chemistry laboratory of Walter Koski , once her professor and later second husband. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • She pioneered the use of computer projections to predict the behavior of the molecules found in drugs such as morphine and even to anticipate the chemical and physical characteristics of many new compounds before they were created in the laboratory. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Physics offer methods for measurement in the high-tech laser laboratory and chemistry the objects for examination with supercritical substances - also called fluids. (uni-bonn.de)
  • As an 8-year-old, Joyce J. Kaufman read a biography of Marie Curie, a Nobel Prize winner in physics and chemistry, and was instantly inspired to become a research scientist-a goal that involved overcoming obstacles and breaking boundaries all along the way. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Bartels H-G, Huebener R (2007) Walther Nernst: pioneer of physics and chemistry. (springer.com)
  • In doing so, she moves on the border between physics and chemistry. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Discover the answers to such fundamental questions and more on this course in introductory physical chemistry. (coursera.org)
  • Quantum chemistry , a subfield of physical chemistry especially concerned with the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems, provides tools to determine how strong and what shape bonds are, [2] how nuclei move, and how light can be absorbed or emitted by a chemical compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important step was the development of quantum mechanics into quantum chemistry from the 1930s, where Linus Pauling was one of the leading names. (princeton.edu)
  • It lies at the interface of chemistry and physics, inasmuch as it draws on the principles of physics (especially quantum mechanics) to account for the phenomena of chemistry. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Developments in the following decades include the application of statistical mechanics to chemical systems and work on colloids and surface chemistry , where Irving Langmuir made many contributions. (princeton.edu)
  • Professor Engel has published more than 80 articles and book chapters in the area of surface chemistry. (ecampus.com)
  • Nature of chemical bonds, theoretical predictions of molecular potential energy surfaces and vibrational spectra, structures and properties of molecules with heavy elements, tautomerism of classical and non-classical nucleic acid bases, surface chemistry, atmospheric chemistry. (jsums.edu)
  • He is also interested in the application of existing computational chemistry methodologies to complex chemical problems, particularly, computational virology. (uwinnipeg.ca)
  • To receive news and publication updates for Advances in Physical Chemistry, enter your email address in the box below. (hindawi.com)
  • Teaching general chemistry and biophysical chemistry in the Chemistry Department has complemented research in the Physical Biosciences Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab involving spectroscopic studies of photosynthetic light reactions and their role in water oxidation. (ecampus.com)
  • He has taught courses in biophysical chemistry and molecular biology and has published over 200 research articles. (ecampus.com)
  • PCCP is committed to publishing the best research from Asia in the broad fields of physical chemistry, chemical physics and biophysical chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • Computational chemistry methods are plagued by the electron correlation problem. (uwinnipeg.ca)
  • These can be as simple as a collection of rare gas atoms or as complex as DNA, but in every case knowledge of their physical state and how it might respond to change, such as the absorption of a photon, can only be gained using advanced experimental or computational methods. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Within each of these areas, Nottingham has made major contributions in the advancement of physical and theoretical chemistry both in terms of our knowledge of basic processes and in the development of advanced instrumentation and computational techniques. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • application of computational chemistry to biologically important molecules. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • P roceedings of the Conference on High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Chemistry , E.J. Opila, M.J. McNallan, D.A. Shores, D.A. Shifler, eds. (jmu.edu)
  • Check with the chemistry department for major requirements. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • The Department of Chemistry at the University of Leicester has state-of-the-art facilities and strong industrial and international collaborations, ensuring that our research is cutting edge and addresses topical issues. (le.ac.uk)
  • The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences and Department of Chemistry are administratively responsible for the course. (uib.no)
  • Jul 14, 2007 - Department of Physical Chemistry founded! (wikiversity.org)
  • The Department of Chemistry at Rice University seeks applicants for a tenure-track appointment at the Assistant Professor rank with an anticipated start date of July 1, 2020. (mendeley.com)
  • He is also an Adjunct Professor at of the Chemistry Department of Carleton University. (newswise.com)
  • Because food science is a multi-disciplinary field, food physical chemistry is being developed through interactions with other areas of food chemistry and food science, such as: food analytical chemistry, food process engineering/food processing, food and bioprocess technology, food extrusion, food quality control, food packaging, food biotechnology and food microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The usual minimum requirement for PhD/MPhil entry is an upper 2nd class or first class honours degree (or International equivalent) in an MSci or MChem degree in Chemistry. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • MPhil and PhD students involved in this work can expect to receive a broad and interdisciplinary training that is highly marketable in a wide variety of chemistry-related careers. (prospects.ac.uk)
  • Beyond a description of chemical processes and the composition of elements, the study of chemistry delves into biomedicine, chemical physics, and the construction of complex materials, such as plastics and other long-chain polymers. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • This chapter is conceived as a brief exposition of the content of the previous nine chapters, a commentary on them and added material, with the intent to enlarge reflection on the general theme, Physical Chemistry in Action. (springer.com)
  • The 4th Edition provides visual summaries of important concepts and connections in each chapter, offers students "just-in-time" math help, and expands content to cover science relevant to physical chemistry. (ecampus.com)
  • Mastering Chemistry does not come packaged with this content. (ecampus.com)
  • The prose is authoritative, up to date, and accessible, supported by well-presented and relevant diagrams and illustrations with useful inset boxes to expand upon specific key topics … [Geomorphology: The Mechanics and Chemistry of Landscapes] has the breadth and depth of content that puts it in a class of its own. (cambridge.org)
  • You must also have studied at least 50% physical science content within your degree. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Physical chemistry, in contrast to chemical physics , is predominantly (but not always) a macroscopic or supra-molecular science, as the majority of the principles on which it was founded relate to the bulk rather than the molecular/atomic structure alone (for example, chemical equilibrium and colloids ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Food physical chemistry is considered to be a branch of Food chemistry concerned with the study of both physical and chemical interactions in foods in terms of physical and chemical principles applied to food systems, as well as the applications of physical/chemical techniques and instrumentation for the study of foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Principles of Food Chemistry (Food Science Text Series), Springer Science, Third Edition John M. de Man. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical chemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the interpretation of the phenomena of chemistry in terms of the underlying principles of physics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Physical Principles and Techniques of Protein Chemistry, Part A deals with the principles and application of selected physical methods in protein chemistry evaluation. (google.com)
  • Physical Chemistry and Its Biological Applications presents the basic principles of physical chemistry and shows how the methods of physical chemistry are being applied to increase understanding of living systems. (worldcat.org)
  • Introducing readers to the latest research applications, the new Fifth Edition of the bestselling Physical Chemistry: Principles and Applications in Biological Sciences with MasteringChemistry puts the study of physical chemistry in context. (ecampus.com)
  • Insight into the interpretation of landscapes is developed from basic principles and simple models, and by stepping through the equations that capture the essence of the mechanics and chemistry of landscapes. (cambridge.org)
  • There is a large degree of overlap between chemistry and related science subjects. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • Solutions Manuals are available for thousands of the most popular college and high school textbooks in subjects such as Math, Science ( Physics , Chemistry , Biology ), Engineering ( Mechanical , Electrical , Civil ), Business and more. (chegg.com)
  • Understanding food processes and the properties of foods requires a knowledge of physical chemistry and how it applies to specific foods and food processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marcel Dekker, Inc.: New York, 873 pages Physical Chemistry Of Food Processes: Fundamental Aspects.1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical chemistry also has an essential role to play in the understanding of the complex processes and molecules characteristic of biological systems and modern materials. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Thermodynamic techniques and analyses are also used to elucidate the tendency of physical processes (such as vaporization) and chemical reactions to reach equilibrium - the condition when there is no further net tendency to change. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Special techniques for studying atomic and molecular processes on ever shorter time scales are being developed, and physical chemists are now able to explore reactions on a femtosecond (10 − 15 second) timescale. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As well as developing your core knowledge of physical chemistry, you will learn how to critically analyse research data and research publications, and how to communicate scientific concepts and processes. (le.ac.uk)
  • This course provides a basic understanding of the core area of physical chemistry, based around the theme of systems, states and processes. (edu.au)
  • The authors emphasize the vibrancy of physical chemistry today and illustrate its relevance to the world around us, using modern applications drawn from biology, environmental science, and material science. (ecampus.com)
  • Thomas Engel taught chemistry at the University of Washington for more than 20 years, where he is currently professor emeritus of chemistry. (ecampus.com)
  • Professor Engel received his bachelor's and master's degrees in chemistry from the Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Chicago. (ecampus.com)
  • The Atmospheric Physical Chemistry group is led by associate professor Mikael Ehn. (helsinki.fi)
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (PCCP) is delighted to announce the appointment of Professor Katsuhiko Ariga and Professor Seong Keun Kim as Associate Editors of the journal. (rsc.org)
  • The key concepts of physical chemistry are the ways in which pure physics is applied to chemical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advanced Placement exams are offered in a variety of physical sciences, offering you college credit for honors-level classes that you have taken while still in high school. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • College degree majors with high starting-salaries after graduation include physical sciences, business administration, and engineering. (physicalchemistry.org)
  • At the end of this course graduates will be ideally placed to undertake PhD studies in collaborative multidisciplinary research at the physical and life sciences interface. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Each research project has at least one physical and one life sciences supervisor. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • She was one of only two to graduate in 1949-obtaining a bachelor's degree in chemistry and earning election to Phi Beta Kappa. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Our textbooks on physical chemistry convey basic knowledge that is accessible to non-chemists in bachelor's degree courses as well as chemistry students in their undergraduate or graduate studies. (springer.com)
  • Physical chemistry it typically studied for 2 or 3 semesters by undergraduate chemistry students. (youtube.com)
  • The term "physical chemistry" was first introduced by Mikhail Lomonosov in 1752, when he presented a lecture course entitled "A Course in True Physical Chemistry" (Russian: «Курс истинной физической химии») before the students of Petersburg University . (princeton.edu)
  • Our Industrial Physical Chemistry Group (IPCG) teamed up with our Liverpool local section to run an industry day for 13-14 year-old students during Chemistry Week. (rsc.org)
  • Ira N. Levine's fifth edition of "Physical Chemistry" provides students with an in-depth fundamental treatment of physical chemistry. (waterstones.com)
  • Chegg Solution Manuals are written by vetted Chegg Physical Chemistry experts, and rated by students - so you know you're getting high quality answers. (chegg.com)
  • Each module supplies a reference to a chemistry article, background information, sample questions to stimulate students to think critically about the subject matter, and additional sample chemistry questions. (curriki.org)
  • Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Chemistry, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. (ecampus.com)
  • A good understanding of physical chemistry is important to students intending to complete a major or minor study in chemistry, and it lies at the borderline with engineering. (edu.au)
  • Fall Note: For students in non-Chemistry programs and Chemistry Minors students only. (mcgill.ca)
  • One of the most important goals of a physical chemistry course is getting students to understand the relationship between a substances molecular structure and its physical properties. (gaussian.com)
  • The first scientific journal specifically in the field of physical chemistry was the German journal, Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie , founded in 1887 by Wilhelm Ostwald and Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff . (princeton.edu)
  • To promote the industrial aspects of physical chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • The goal of this NSF funded project is to produce a trial set of materials that can be used in physical chemistry courses to more tightly connect the topics introduced in available texts to the realm of modern chemical research. (curriki.org)
  • 3. Description this book This subject review book provides comprehensive coverage of high school-level chemistry topics, with special focus on preparation for the New York State Regents Chemistry exam. (slideshare.net)
  • She earned a 1959 master's degree in chemistry and a 1960 doctorate in chemical physics, both from Johns Hopkins, and subsequently became head of the old Glenn L. Martin Co. Research Institute for Advanced Studies. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • After some early work on synthetic methodology, especially the use of organosilicon reagents, the Davis group's research has focused on supramolecular chemistry. (rsc.org)
  • you want to develop knowledge and skills in research techniques and methodologies, specifically focused on physical chemistry. (le.ac.uk)
  • This MSc reflects the huge breadth and diversity in research and the application of physical chemistry and physical chemistry techniques, providing you with training and study in the concepts and techniques of physical chemistry, tailored to your own particular research interests. (le.ac.uk)
  • Super-fast, super-precise, and super-modern - these words can sum up Jeannine Gleim's research at the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry. (uni-bonn.de)
  • In this book, Chapter One summarizes novel observations regarding physicochemical properties, physical and chemical stability, and drug delivery potential of microemulsion hydrogel drug delivery systems, based on comprehensive reviews of the research results from relevant scientific publications. (novapublishers.com)
  • Physical Chemistry and Soft Matter at Wageningen University & Research is interested in phenomena at the nanoscale, where creative chemistry is essential, complex physics is a rule rather than an exception and biology comes to life. (wur.nl)
  • Within the above questions lies the scope of the research conducted in our Atmospheric Physical Chemistry group. (helsinki.fi)
  • In particular it will be a help for second year modules Global Environmental Change, Earth Systems Cycles and Research Strategies in Physical Environments, as well as providing preliminary reading for specialist modules in the third year. (cambridge.org)
  • Our MRes in Biological and Physical Chemistry trains you in translational multi-disciplinary research through a bespoke training and research programme. (imperial.ac.uk)