Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Depressive Disorder, Major
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Borderline Personality Disorder
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Impulse Control Disorders
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.
Severity of Illness Index
Nervous System Diseases
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
A heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic disorders marked by absent or dysfunctional PEROXISOMES. Peroxisomal enzymatic abnormalities may be single or multiple. Biosynthetic peroxisomal pathways are compromised, including the ability to synthesize ether lipids and to oxidize long-chain fatty acid precursors. Diseases in this category include ZELLWEGER SYNDROME; INFANTILE REFSUM DISEASE; rhizomelic chondrodysplasia (CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA, RHIZOMELIC); hyperpipecolic acidemia; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy; and ADRENOLEUKODYSTROPHY (X-linked). Neurologic dysfunction is a prominent feature of most peroxisomal disorders.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Body Dysmorphic Disorders
Age of Onset
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Child Behavior Disorders
Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation
Disease Models, Animal
Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Language Development Disorders
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Motor Skills Disorders
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Disorder characterized by an emotionally constricted manner that is unduly conventional, serious, formal, and stingy, by preoccupation with trivial details, rules, order, organization, schedules, and lists, by stubborn insistence on having things one's own way without regard for the effects on others, by poor interpersonal relationships, and by indecisiveness due to fear of making mistakes.
Analysis of Variance
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute
A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Social Behavior Disorders
Auditory Perceptual Disorders
Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
Life Change Events
Conditions characterized by an alteration in gustatory function or perception. Taste disorders are frequently associated with OLFACTION DISORDERS. Additional potential etiologies include METABOLIC DISEASES; DRUG TOXICITY; and taste pathway disorders (e.g., TASTE BUD diseases; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE DISEASES; and BRAIN STEM diseases).
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Reproducibility of Results
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Tobacco Use Disorder
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Pelvic Floor Disorders
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Endocrine System Diseases
Diseases caused by abnormal function of the MITOCHONDRIA. They may be caused by mutations, acquired or inherited, in mitochondrial DNA or in nuclear genes that code for mitochondrial components. They may also be the result of acquired mitochondria dysfunction due to adverse effects of drugs, infections, or other environmental causes.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.
Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
46, XY Disorders of Sex Development
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Ocular Motility Disorders
Disorders that feature impairment of eye movements as a primary manifestation of disease. These conditions may be divided into infranuclear, nuclear, and supranuclear disorders. Diseases of the eye muscles or oculomotor cranial nerves (III, IV, and VI) are considered infranuclear. Nuclear disorders are caused by disease of the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nuclei in the BRAIN STEM. Supranuclear disorders are produced by dysfunction of higher order sensory and motor systems that control eye movements, including neural networks in the CEREBRAL CORTEX; BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; and BRAIN STEM. Ocular torticollis refers to a head tilt that is caused by an ocular misalignment. Opsoclonus refers to rapid, conjugate oscillations of the eyes in multiple directions, which may occur as a parainfectious or paraneoplastic condition (e.g., OPSOCLONUS-MYOCLONUS SYNDROME). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p240)
Central Nervous System Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.
Identification of workers exposed concomitantly to heat stress and chemicals. (1/2)In the context of climate change, concomitant exposure to heat stress and chemicals takes on great importance. However, little information is available in this regard. The purpose of this research, therefore, was to develop an approach aimed at identifying worker groups that would be potentially most at risk. The approach comprises 5 consecutive steps: - Establishment of a list of occupations for all industry sectors - Determination of heat stress parameters - Identification of occupations at risk of heat stress - Determination of exposure to chemicals - Identification of occupations potentially most at risk. Overall, 1,010 occupations were selected due to their representativeness of employment sectors in Quebec. Using a rating matrix, the risk stemming from exposure to heat stress was judged "critical" or "significant" for 257 occupations. Among these, 136 occupations were identified as showing a high potential of simultaneous exposure to heat stress and chemicals. Lastly, a consultation with thirteen experts made it possible to establish a list of 22 priority occupations, that is, 20 occupations in the metal manufacturing sector, as well as roofers and firefighters. These occupations would merit special attention for an investigation and evaluation of the potential effects on workers' health. (+info)
Student preferences regarding teaching methods in a drug-induced diseases and clinical toxicology course. (2/2)(+info)
Drug-Induced Diseases | R2 Digital Library
Drug-induced diseases are unintended effects of drugs that result in mortality or morbidity with symptoms sufficient to prompt a patient to seek medical attention and/or require hospitalization. Drug-Induced Diseases provides a detailed overview of diseases that result from drug therapy, arming healthcare professionals with critical knowledge to protect the health and welfare of their patients. Now in its third edition, this important reference helps healthcare practitioners, residents, and students by expanding the understanding of disease state causes and effects, encouraging critical thinking, and raising awareness that many diseases can be caused or exacerbated by a medication the patient is taking. The third edition has been revised and expanded, and includes: 58 peer-reviewed chapters authored by 99 contributors Detailed, comprehensive tables New chapters including Bleeding Disorders, Teratogenicity, and Oral Manifestations of Systemically Administered Drugs Comprehensive coverage of ...
PřF:C6010 Toxicology - Course Information
10. The European Union legislation on substances and mixtures - Regulation No 1907/2006 (REACH), Directive 67/548/EEC, Regulation No 1272/2008 (CLP). The Czech legislation on substances and mixtures, the public health protection, occupational safety and health protection, and the prevention of major accidents. Permissible exposure levels and short-term exposure limits of chemicals and dusts in the air in the working zone, permissible concentrations of chemicals and dusts in indoor environment, maximum permissible concentrations of substances in drinking water, maximum residue levels in food ...
Amphetamine Abuse - Online Toxicology Course Online Learning with Lecturio - anytime, anywhere
Watch the video lecture Amphetamines - Drugs of Abuse & boost your knowledge! Study for your classes, USMLE, MCAT or MBBS. Learn online with high-yield video lectures by world-class professors & earn perfect scores. Save time & study efficiently. ➨ Try now for free! Online Learning with Lecturio - anytime, anywhere
Antifungal-Associated Drug-Induced Cardiac Disease.
Abstract. The etiology of cardiomyopathies are classified into 4 main groupings (dilated, hypertrophic, restrictive, and idiopathic) and can be mechanistically caused by myocarditis, conduction abnormalities, focal direct injury, or nutritional deficiency. Based on our review of this topic, evidence suggests that echinocandin-related cardiac dysfunction is a mitochondrial drug-induced disease caused by focal direct myocyte injury. With caspofungin or anidulafungin administration into the heart via central line, exposure is likely extreme enough to induce the acute toxicity. Chronic or low-dose exposure may lead to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; however, only acute exposures have been explored to date.. KEYWORDS: cardiac output; cardiac toxicity; echinocandin; echocardiography. PMID: 26567285. Supplements. The Mycotic Research Center at the University of Mississippi Medical Center has long focused on augmenting the knowledge of antifungal drugs to maximize safety and minimize toxicity. In 2008, ...
Indoctrination vs. Education
We hear much these days about our young adults being indoctrinated into cults, not realizing that we all can become indoctrinated into a cult or special interest group or school of thought of some sort if we fail to recognize the difference between indoctrination and education and the techniques applied by both.. Our nation today faces a serious threat of being incapacitated, even annihilated by drugs. Most of us have been indoctrinated into drugs and drug medicine since youth. Our nations drug problem is an extension of our drug mentality. We accept drugs, we think theyre good, we believe in them, and most of us do not think there is an alternative. Were locked into a system that is now responsible for more sickness and disease than it is helping. This irony is iatrogenic, or drug-induced disease.. Because the news media is controlled by the medical establishment, for your own health, safety and future it is vital that you become aware of the fact that when we read a report or watch medical ...
Between Politics and Reason - Chapter 2
One crucial warning is in order. Looking at the number of users of the various psychoactive drugs and their frequency of use is one crucial piece of the drug puzzle. Its possible, however, that there is a much more important piece of the puzzle: societys addicts. It can be argued that the occasional or less-than-weekly drug user rarely poses a comparably serious threat of harm to the society. It is entirely possible that the public health issue, as well as the issue of any and all potential dangers that drug use poses to the society, is more or less entirely confined to the heavy or chronic user. The less-than-weekly user of even heroin and cocaine is much less likely to rob to support a drug habit; die of an overdose; contract a serious, life-threatening, drug-induced disease; or kill someone in connection with drug use. It could be that the harms we associate with drug use and abuse are mostly confined to that segment of users we refer to as the behaviorally dependent in a word, to ...
Inhibition of Chemically-Induced Neoplastic Transformation by a Novel Tetrasodium Diphosphate Astaxanthin Derivative
Carotenoids have been implicated in numerous epidemiological studies as being protective against cancer at many sites, and their chemopreventive properties have been confirmed in laboratory studies. Astaxanthin (AST), primarily a carotenoid of marine origin, responsible for the pink coloration of sa …
CANCER IMMUNOLOGY is the study of interactions between the immune system and cancer cells (also called tumors or malignancies)...
Aims (i)protection against development of spontaneous and chemically-induced tumors in animal systems (ii)identification of targets for immune recognition of human cancer
11. Sensory Systems
11. Sensory Systems Chapter Editor: Heikki Savolainen Table of Contents Tables and Figures The EarMarcel-André Boillat Chemically-Induced Hearing Dis...
FREE Toxicology Course on Cell Damage and Tissue Repair, Reversible Cell Damage, Lethal Injury (Cell Death)
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Most recent papers with the keyword Medical-Surgical | Read by QxMD
Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) is a life-threatening, immunologically mediated, and usually drug-induced disease with a high burden to individuals, their families, and society with an annual incidence of 1 to 5 per 1,000,000. To effect significant reduction in short- and long-term morbidity and mortality, and advance clinical care and research, coordination of multiple medical, surgical, behavioral, and basic scientific disciplines is required. On March 2, 2017, an investigator-driven meeting was held immediately before the American Academy of Dermatology Annual meeting for the central purpose of assembling, for the first time in the United States, clinicians and scientists from multiple disciplines involved in SJS/TEN clinical care and basic science research ...
Charles A. Miller III, PhD | School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
Dr. Charles Miller uses biochemical, cellular, and animal model systems to investigate the mechanistic actions of synthetic and naturally occurring chemicals. He is investigating the major toxic compounds in crude oil as they age in the environment. He also is investigating mechanisms of chemical entry into cells. He teaches basic and advanced toxicology courses. His undergraduate training was in the life sciences at the University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB). He was a research associate UAB and studied immunology of natural killer cells.
Erowid Conference Vault : Erowid Presents at the North American Congress of Clinical Toxicology (2006)
Report on Erowids participation in the 2006 North American Congress of Clinical Toxicology including description of medical toxicology
OSMOL GAP: CALCULATION AND APPLICATION IN CLINICAL TOXICOLOGY | Guide to Diagnostic Tests
OSMOL GAP: CALCULATION AND APPLICATION IN CLINICAL TOXICOLOGY answers are found in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Your Health Detective: Pain & Inflammation
A doctor turned victim from side-effects of prescription meds after an accident. Subsequently developed leaky gut, multiple allergic responses to food and airborne substances, and home bound. Now recovered 10 years, she consults, teaches, lectures and helps others overcome chemically-induced immune system disorders.
Taste & Smell
A doctor turned victim from side-effects of prescription meds after an accident. Subsequently developed leaky gut, multiple allergic responses to food and airborne substances, and home bound. Now recovered 10 years, she consults, teaches, lectures and helps others overcome chemically-induced immune system disorders.
Hospitals | NMS Labs
NMS Labs is the nations premier independent provider of laboratory testing services, specializing in clinical toxicology and other vitally important areas of esoteric diagnostics testing.
Present at ASMCUE
ASMCUE is shaped by attendeess. No matter your professional level, you can showcase teaching methods, share knowledge with colleagues, and contribute...
Handbook of Clinical Drug Data. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
In this handy, pocket-size compilation of information about drug usage, the text is essentially in tabular form. Besides the usual tables on conversion factors, normal laboratory values, dialyzable drugs, and the potassium and sodium content of drugs and foods, this handbook provides lists of drug-induced diseases, pharmacogenetic abnormalities, and drug-drug interactions. The authors even attempt to categorize the clinical significance of the individual interactions.. A five-page course in the application of pharmaco-kinetics and biopharmaceutics to patient care is followed by information on dosage and contraindications of 190 widely used drugs. Although supplemented in a few instances with the plasma half-life, ...
Statin Drugs | GreenMedInfo | Toxic Ingredient | Natural Medicine
This topic contains 451 study abstracts on Statin Drugs indicating they may contribute to Statin-Induced Pathologies, Myopathies, and Chemically-Induced Liver Damage
Gene Ontology Classifications
This gene encodes a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family of endopeptidases that are involved in remodeling extracellular matrix during, for example, embryonic development and tumor progression. The encoded protein undergoes post-translational proteolytic processing by furin endopeptidase to form an active enzyme. Subcutaneous introduction of cells expressing the encoded protein into nude mice results in increased tumor incidence. Mice lacking the encoded protein exhibit a decreased incidence of chemically-induced tumors. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015 ...
Here we report further our investigation of the role of BRE in HCC. HCC was chemically-induced in the transgenic (TTR-V5-BRE) and non-transgenic littermates, bred with C57BL/6, by intraperitoneal injection of diethylnitosamine (DEN) at 15 days postnatally. At 8 months after injection, the mice were sacrificed, and livers collected for determination of tumor number and maximal size, and for immunohistochemistry. Parts of each liver sample were also dissected visually into tumor and adjacent normal portions for Western Blot analysis of BRE expression. By comparison between the DEN-treated male transgenic mice (n=12) and non-transgenic littermate controls (n=8), we observed significantly increased tumor size shown by the former (p=0.049, Exact Wilcoxon Rank Sum test), with the median tumor size 2-fold larger than the latter. There was, however, no statistically significant difference between tumor numbers of the two groups. Female C57BL/6 mice are known to be less sensitive to DEN-treated ...
The Basic Principles Of cyst huge
Who DOES Meghan need to curtsey to? A proof in the etiquette minefield Meaning shell often have to bend the knee to Camilla and Sophie but under no circumstances to Zara NFL Corridor of Fame quarterback Warren Moon grabbed assistant at his firm through the crotch and taken off her bathing fit after slipping drug into her drink The way to rest similar to a little one in mentor class: Airplane designer reveals his hacks for finding shut-eye with a flight Disgraced Matt Lauer has no intention of wanting to come up with a Billy Bush comeback and just really wants to Perform golf and stay in the Hamptons I was suffering from chemically-induced psychosis and dementia: Fergie reveals the effects of her devastating addiction to crystal meth... as she displays on her break up from husband Josh Duhamel Disappearing act: Billionaire developer Harry Macklowe promises his real-estate holdings have SHRUNK in worth from $548.9m to just $23m as he prepares to finalize his bitter divorce from his spouse ...
Items where Year is 2015 - Kölner UniversitätsPublikationsServer
Sabha, Nadeen Bassam Izzat (2015) Near and mid-infrared observations of the galactic center: on the nature of diffuse emission and faint compact sources. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.. Saedler, Katarzyna (2015) Role of peripheral tissue FTO in energy homeostasis and in chemically-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. [Thesis Abstract]. Saggiorato, Guglielmo (2015) How Sperm Beat and Swim: From Filament Deformation to Activity. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.. Sagirli, Gülay (2015) Die Einführung des Neuen Steuerungsmodells im deutschen Hochschulsystem. Erklärungsansätze für den Wandel im Management und der Verwaltung von Hochschulen. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.. Sahler, Sebastian (2015) Über die Wasserstoffspeichereigenschaften von Ethylendiaminbisboran und Hydrazinbisboran in Gegenwart von Ionischen Flüssigkeiten. [Thesis Abstract]. Sahler, Sebastian and Scott, Martin and Gedig, Christian and Prechtl, Martin H. G. (2015) Transfer Hydrogenation Employing Ethylene Diamine Bisborane ...
Can Cancer be Prevented? Part 3. Eat Flavonoids | Jos Health Corner
Turmeric is the most studied herb with coumarins. A study evaluated the chemopreventative effects of curcumin, the most active coumarin, on radiation- induced tumors in rat mammary glands. One control group was fed a basic diet while the other control group was fed a diet containing 1% curcumin. The control group fed curcumin had 28% reduction in tumors while 84% of the other group developed mammary tumors. Other studies also show that curcumin inhibits chemically-induced carcinogenesis of the skin, colon, and stomach. ...
Open Scientific Seminar Series: Clinical toxicology service and research at the University of Saarland | Event | Department of...
OPEN SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR SERIES - Avdelningen för Klinisk Farmakologi, Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin Clinical toxicology service and research at the University of Saarland University Professor Dr Markus R Meyer,Abteilung fur Experimentelle und Klinische Pharmakologie and Toxikologie, Homburg, Deutschland
Most recent papers with the keyword Clinical Toxicology | Read by QxMD
BACKGROUND: The abuse of new psychoactive substances or NPS has been dramatically increasing all around the world since the late 2000s and has become a serious public health problem. NPS are a challenge for the worldwide forensic community due to the difficulties to accurately document the cases. The N-benzylmethoxy (NBOMe) group is a new class of hallucinogenic designer drugs and has gained importance in the recent years. 25I-NBOMe (2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine) is an analog of the 2C series of psychedelic phenethylamine drugs that contain an N-methoxybenzyl substituent, which significantly affects their pharmacological activities ...
ACMT members are encouraged to submit a proposal for the ACMT Pre-Meeting at the 2018 North American Congress of Clinical Toxicology (NACCT) in Chicago, IL. This symposium will be held on Thursday, October 25, 2018. The Premeeting offers a full day of content centered on a theme and requires separate enrollment from the main congress. As such, subject matter appealing to a wide audience is essential to the success of the symposium ...
Andor Labs - Information
Andor Labs is an independent clinical toxicology reference laboratory performing drug confirmation testing using LC-MS/MS technology. We specialize in the pain management field….
Genetically engineered mouse models for liver cancer<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetically engineered mouse models for liver cancer. AU - Cho, Kyungjoo. AU - Ro, Simon Weonsang. AU - Seo, Sang Hyun. AU - Jeon, Youjin. AU - Moon, Hyuk. AU - Kim, Do Young. AU - Kim, Seung Up. PY - 2020/1. Y1 - 2020/1. N2 - Liver cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death globally, accounting for approximately 800,000 deaths annually. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer, comprising approximately 80% of cases. Murine models of HCC, such as chemically-induced models, xenograft models, and genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models, are valuable tools to reproduce human HCC biopathology and biochemistry. These models can be used to identify potential biomarkers, evaluate potential novel therapeutic drugs in pre-clinical trials, and develop molecular target therapies. Considering molecular target therapies, a novel approach has been developed to create genetically engineered murine models for HCC, employing hydrodynamics-based ...
Pathology - Research Publications
The chemokine CCL2, which is best known for its chemotactic functions, is expressed not only by immune cells, but also by several types of malignant and stromal cells. CCL2 has been shown to exert both pro- and anti-tumor effects. However, recent results demonstrate a main role for CCL2 in tumor progression and metastasis, suggesting that this chemokine may constitute a therapeutic target for anticancer drugs. Mammary carcinoma models, including models of implantable, transgenic, and chemically-induced tumors, were employed in the setting of Ccl2 or Ccr2 knockout mice or CCL2 neutralization with a monoclonal antibody to further investigate the role of the CCL2/CCR2 signaling axis in tumor progression and metastatic spread. In our implantable tumor models, an anti-CCL2 monoclonal antibody inhibited the growth of primary malignant lesions in a biphasic manner and reduced the number of metastases. However, in Ccl2-/- or Ccr2-/- mice developing implanted or transgenic tumors, the number of pulmonary ...
Modulation of Protein Kinase C by Lipids - American Institute for Cancer Research
Dr. Locniskar continued studying linoleic acid, an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, and the role it seems to play in protein kinase C activation and distribution, that is essential for normal cell communication. She has shown that diets high in linoleic acid have decreased chemically-induced skin carcinogenesis when fed in the promotion stage. ...
ERIC - Use of Consciousness Sampling To Study Teaching Methods, J Educ Res, 1970
Conscious sampling allows the teacher to assess the comparative effectiveness of his teaching methods by measuring the conscious attention of his students to what is going on in the classroom. (CK)
ACMT - Historical ACMT Research Awards
Stephanie H. Hernandez, Maryann Howland, Thomas D. Schiano & Robert S. Hoffman (2015): The pharmacokinetics and extracorporeal removal of N-acetylcysteine during renal replacement therapies, Clinical Toxicology, DOI: 10.3109/15563650.2015. ...
Sikhwal Reet Environment Studies (Paryavran Adhyan) With Teaching Method For Reet Level 1st By N.M. Sharma and R.K. Vaishnav -...
Writer Name NM Sharma Publication Sikhwal Publication Language Hindi Book Edition 2020-21 publication LanguagehindiTotal Pages-Book EditionLatest New Edition
The Role of Intercellular Communication in the Evaluation in vitro/in vivo Toxicity Testing of Chemicals,
Several of the pressing scientific challenges in the filed of environmental toxicology are to understand the basic mechanisms of chemically-induced toxic substances and of the design, interpretation, and extrapolation of data from non-human bioassay systems to the human situation. The objective is to offer a new paradigm, namely the idea that cytotoxic and epigenetic effects of chemicals can contribute to many toxic endpoints in human beings. We will speculate that the disruption of calcium homeostasis by a wide variety of chemicals and the conditions of their use might provide an unification of mechanisms leading to either cytotoxicity or epigenetic changes. Depending on the conditions, the effects of this disruption, a pleiotropy of diseases might result, namely, embryotoxicity, teratogenesis, tumor promotion, immune modulation, neurotoxicity, and preproductive dysfunction. In summary, there are at least three biological endpoints at the cell level which chemicals can influence - mutations, cell death
Clinical Trial detail - CheckOrphan
BACKGROUND: The two projects were part of a Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) in Occupational and Immunologic Lung Disease. Since its inception in 1972, researchers in the SCOR have conducted epidemiologic studies on asbestosis, silicosis in sandblasters, and respiratory reactions in workers exposed to detergent enzymes and polyvinyl chloride film fumes. Irritant gases and vapors are utilized in herbicides, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, household cleaners, explosives, fertilizers, refrigeration, plastics, paints, fumigants and a variety of other products. These chemicals are produced and used immediately or shipped to end-users. The potential for chemical accidents is great. A report for the Environmental Protection Agency estimated that 6,928 chemical accidents have occurred in the United States since 1980, an average of five accidents each day. As a result, 1,500 people were injured and 135 killed. More information was needed on the consequences of chemically-induced sublethal acute lung ...
Centella asiatica | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural Medicine
This topic has 2 study abstracts on Centella asiatica indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Lead Poisoning, Chemically-Induced Liver Damage, and Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Toxicity
Question of the Day - Wednesday January 17, 2018 | The American Academy of Clinical Toxicology
Answer: The cited article notes Although the toxicity profiles of PPIs are not well understood particularly in children, PPIs have been associated with increased risks of gastrointestinal and respiratory tract infection, vitamin B deficiency, hypomagnesemia, bone fractures, and rebound hyperacidity after discontinuation. (DeBruyne P and Ito S. Toxicity of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors in children. 2018 Arch Dis Child 103: 78-82). ...
Catherine MT Sherwin, PhD - Google Scholar
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine and Dayton Childrens Hospital - Cited by 3,061 - Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology - Pediatric Clinical Research - Pediatric Clinical Toxicology
Dr. Perry Hookman: SUN ALLERGY---DRUG-INDUCED PHOTOSENSITIVITY IS PRIMARILY DUE TO UVA RAYS.
Drug-induced photosensitivity may present in a variety of ways. Most reactions are either phototoxic or photoallergic. Photoallergy is a rare, immunological response, which is not dose-related and occurs after continuous exposure. Photoallergy occurs when light causes a drug to act as a hapten, triggering a hypersensitivity response which often manifests as pruritic and eczematous rash.Phototoxic reactions are chemically-induced reactions which occur when the drug absorbs UVA light and causes cellular damage. This reaction can be seen with initial exposure to a drug, may be dose-related, and doesnt demonstrate cross-sensitivity. It usually has rapid onset and manifests as an exaggerated sunburn. This reaction will be seen only on skin areas exposed to the sun ...
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common complication of hepatitis C virus related cirrhosis (HCV-C). Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has been proposed as a biomarker of HCC risk. S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is a food supplement that has an excellent safety profile. The use of SAMe as a chemopreventive is based on abnormalities in methionine cycle (with decreased SAMe levels) in patients with cirrhosis, increased risk of HCC in experimental animals deprived of SAMe, and the prevention of liver cancer by SAMe administration in animal models of chemically-induced HCC.. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase IIb trial to determine if SAMe (up to 2.4 grams/day) for 24 weeks reduced serum AFP levels in patients with HCV-C. Inclusion criteria: lab evidence of HCV-C (platelet count ,150,000/mm3), AFP 15-100 ng/mL (normal less than 9 ng/mL). Exclusion criteria: non-HCV liver diseases, decompensated HCV-C (MELD,15), or history of, or mass suspicious for ...
Editorial on exposure assessment of a mercury spill in a Nevada school - 2004<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Editorial on exposure assessment of a mercury spill in a Nevada school - 2004. AU - Burgess, Jefferey L. PY - 2007/5. Y1 - 2007/5. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34248211151&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34248211151&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1080/15563650601033417. DO - 10.1080/15563650601033417. M3 - Article. C2 - 17486489. AN - SCOPUS:34248211151. VL - 45. SP - 431. JO - Clinical Toxicology. JF - Clinical Toxicology. SN - 1556-3650. IS - 4. ER - ...
Question Of The Day Archives | Page 89 of 98 | The American Academy of Clinical Toxicology
Question: Listeriosis is caused by the Gram-positive organism, Listeria monocytogenes. This bacterium generally causes self limited and mild gastroenteritis. What is the disease profile often associated with Listeria monocytogenes infections in at risk populations (e.g. pregnant women, elderly people, immuno-compromised people, unborn babies, and neonates) with possible inadequate cell mediated immunity?. ...
Propafenone | SpringerLink
1.. Jacob J, Heard K.Second case of the use of intravenous fat emulsion therapy for propafenone toxicity. Clinical Toxicology 49: 946-947, No. 10, Dec 2011. Available from: URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/15563650.2011.629202 - USA ...
ConservativeHomes ToryDiary: Michael Gove backs return to traditional teaching methods
Interview in todays Telegraph: His team have compiled a list of the top 100 comprehensive schools Most of them insist on streaming their pupils across the board, including the wearing of blazers and ties are in. They have long lunch...
Genetic Toxicology Association - 2014 GTA Meeting Poster Abstracts
Large-scale initiatives, such as ToxCast, promote a shift in the paradigm for regulatory evaluations of new and existing substances; specifically, away from time-consuming in vivo assays towards predictive, short-term in vitro assays. Unfortunately, the assays included in such initiatives are ill-equipped to assess chemically-induced genetic damage and mutation. Moreover, many currently used mammalian cell genotoxicity assays generate an unacceptably high frequency of false or irrelevant positive results with respect to in vivo mutagenicity and/or carcinogenicity. A novel in vitro gene mutation assay utilizing primary hepatocytes from the transgenic Muta™Mouse was been developed to address the shortfalls of existing in vitro mutagenicity assays. In order to assess the utility of the Muta™Mouse primary hepatocyte assay, the cells were extensively characterized. Freshly isolated cells were found to have a hepatocyte-like morphology, with a large proportion of binucleated cells. After 24 hours ...
ovarian follicle Protocols and Video...
Video articles in JoVE about ovarian follicle include A Method for Ovarian Follicle Encapsulation and Culture in a Proteolytically Degradable 3 Dimensional System, Methods for Imaging Intracellular pH of the Follicle Stem Cell Lineage in Live Drosophila Ovarian Tissue, Culture and Co-Culture of Mouse Ovaries and Ovarian Follicles, In Vitro Growth of Mouse Preantral Follicles Under Simulated Microgravity, Studying Mitochondrial Structure and Function in Drosophila Ovaries, Analysis of Chromosome Segregation, Histone Acetylation, and Spindle Morphology in Horse Oocytes, Three-dimensional Reconstruction of the Vascular Architecture of the Passive CLARITY-cleared Mouse Ovary, A Method to Study the Impact of Chemically-induced Ovarian Failure on Exercise Capacity and Cardiac Adaptation in Mice, Assessment of Ovarian Cancer Spheroid Attachment and Invasion of Mesothelial Cells in Real Time, Alginate Hydrogels for Three-Dimensional Organ Culture of Ovaries and Oviducts, Orthotopic Ovarian
We have examined the effect of stress (laparotomy) - trailbowel top
Hysteretic behavior of bladder afferent neurons in response to changes viagra without a doctor prescription in bladder pressure. Polyclonal increase in certain IgG subclasses in mice persistently infected with the 87V strain of scrapie.. Rapatar, a nanoformulation of rapamycin, decreases chemically-induced benign prostate hyperplasia in rats. Morphological characteristics of the mandibular first premolars in viagra without doctor prescription people from Pearl River Delta region in Guangdong province Moreover, the levels of markers of the protein-modification process were similar to those of the control group.. Their spontaneous rhythmic activity was perturbed by delivering excitatory single pulses or periodic pulses via their synaptic inputs. Deglutition disorders-simple to diagnose viagra vs cialis and difficult to treat? Of the top 33 strains most sensitive to radiation in this assay, 14 contained genes known to be involved in DNA repair.. The ratios did not correlate in a statistically ...
Curcumin Protects against Renal Ischemia by Activating the Unfolded Pr by Sarah Angeline Lee
The purpose of this study was to establish whether curcumin protects renal proximal tubule cells against ischemic injury, determine whether this postulated cytoprotective effect is mediated through the upregulation of HSP70, and investigate whether the mechanism by which curcumin induces HSP70 expression and confers its protective effect is through activation of the Unfolded Protein Response. LLC-PK1 cells were cultured on collagen-coated filters to mimic conditions of in vivo renal proximal tubule cells and induce cell polarization. Injury with and without curcumin treatment was studied by using chemically-induced ATP-depletion which mimics renal ischemic injury. Cell injury was assessed using a TUNEL assay in order to evaluate DNA cleavage associated with ischemia-induced apoptosis and actin staining used to assess cytoskeletal disruption. Renal ischemic damage was further investigated by determining detachment of the Na-K ATPase from the basolateral membrane, which represents loss of cell polarity.
Language Teaching Methods | Teflnet
An overview of language teaching methods from the 1780s to 1980s and beyond. For teachers of English, especially as foreign language.
This pages outlines the methods of teaching, the types of assessment and examinations, lecture delivery and how this differs for research students.
Field Studies and Teaching Methods | Nature
A report from the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation takes a swipe at the whole-language movement for promoting reading materials and teaching methods the author says are of questionable value.
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
Mutations in the mitochondrial enzyme have been associated with a number of genetic disorders including Leigh syndrome, West ... induces oxidative stress, which triggers a build up of mitochondrial tRNA mutations. It has also been discovered that tRNA ... Another use is introducing amino acids bearing reactive functional groups for chemically modifying the target protein. ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is the most frequent heritable disorder of the peripheral nervous system (a neuronal disease) and is ...
Risk factors for breast cancer
High calcium intake decreases fat-induced epithelial hypoproliferation of mammary gland and chemically induced carcinogenesis. ... High calcium intake is associated with a reduced risk of benign proliferative epithelial disorders which are thought to be ... "WHO , Induced abortion does not increase breast cancer risk". who.int. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2007 ... DMBA induces mammary tumors and allows chemicals that predispose for mammary cancer to increase the number of mammary ...
Animal models of epilepsy
... chemically induced models, and electrically induced models. New models are using light-gated ion channels to turn on cell ... Sarkisian, Matthew R. (31 May 2001). "Overview of the Current Animal Models for Human Seizure and Epileptic Disorders". ...
ISBN 0-07-142280-3. Schardein, James L. (2000). "Hormones and Hormone Antagonists". Chemically Induced Birth Defects (3rd ed ... ISBN 0-7236-7045-5. Jaffe, Robert B. (2004). "Disorders of Sexual Development". In Strauss, Jerome F.; Barbieri, Robert L. Yen ... ISBN 0-7216-9546-9. Forest, Maguelone G. (2006). "Diagnosis and Treatment of Disorders of Sexual Development". In DeGroot, ...
Sleep disorders are separated into four distinct categories: parasomnias; dyssomnias; sleep disorders associated with mental, ... Benzodiazepine causes the GABA receptor to better bind to GABA, allowing the medication to induce sleep. ... Pharmacological treatments are used to chemically treat sleep disturbances such as insomnia or excessive daytime sleepiness. ... and sleep disorders that do not have enough data available to be counted as definitive sleep disorders. The ICSD has created a ...
... naturally or chemically induced) Retinal detachment Scarring of the cornea or sclera Uveitis Neurological causes for ... Related Disorders 2009 Jan;15(1):59-61. 15 (1): 59-61. doi:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2008.01.011. PMID 18328771.CS1 maint: uses ... ISBN 978-0-12-709801-2. Wakakura M, Tsubouchi T, Inouye J (March 2004). "Etizolam and benzodiazepine induced blepharospasm". J ... "Abnormal transient pupillary light reflex in individuals with autism spectrum disorders". J Autism Dev Disord. 39 (11): 1499- ...
Multiple chemical sensitivity
... some researchers hypothesized that these immune irregularities suggested that MCS was caused by a chemically induced ... Other proposed explanations include somatic symptom disorder,[non-primary source needed] panic disorder,[non-primary ... Many people with MCS also meet the criteria for major depressive disorder or anxiety disorder.[non-primary source needed] ... MCS was originally promoted as a type of allergy, and later as a type of non-allergic immunological disorder. However, these ...
... chemically induced neuron damage. A common category with the greatest number of injuries is traumatic brain injury (TBI) ... neurological illness or disorders surgery Substance use disorder neurotoxins- pollution exposure or biological exposure ( ... such as the carefully placed brain lesion used to treat epilepsy and other brain disorders. These lesions are induced by ... from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder. Primary and secondary brain injuries identify the processes involved, ...
Musculoskeletal disorders; soft-tissue disorders; sore throat.. As per diclofenac. Bromfenac. Comes in free acid form; ... Chemically related to indometacin.. As per acetametacin.. Topical, ophthalmologic.. N/A. Skin conditions (such as contact ... Opioid-induced hyperalgesia is when exposure to opioids increases the sensation of pain (hyperalgesia) and can even make non- ... Musculoskeletal and joint disorders.. As per diclofenac. Proquazone. Comes in free form.. As per diclofenac.. PO, rectal.. Not ...
Musculoskeletal disorders; soft-tissue disorders; sore throat.. As per diclofenac. Bromfenac. Comes in free acid form; ... Chemically related to indometacin.. As per acetametacin.. Topical, ophthalmologic.. N/A. Skin conditions (such as contact ... Refractory chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting; anorexia; neuropathic pain.. Dizziness, euphoria, paranoia, somnolence, ... Musculoskeletal and joint disorders.. As per diclofenac. Proquazone. Comes in free form.. As per diclofenac.. PO, rectal.. Not ...
Although electrogustometry is widely used, there seems to be a poor correlation between electrically and chemically induced ... National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, "Taste Disorders," 25 June 2008, 23 Oct. 2009 The University ... Because taste disorders can have detrimental effects on a patient's quality of life, more research needs to be conducted ... In a study of forty-four patients diagnosed with the disorder, one half was treated with the drug for two months while the ...
Animal models of Parkinson's disease
Neurotoxin models include chemically induced toxicity in the brain; whereas, genetic models include genes that are mutated and ... Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra ... Consequently, this will induce parkinsonian phenotypes. The α-synuclein pre-formed fibrils (PFFs) are made in vitro utilizing ... Pten-Induced Kinase 1 (PINK1) mutations are associated with autosomal recessive parkinsonism. It is a neuroprotective kinase ...
Musculoskeletal disorders; soft-tissue disorders; sore throat.. As per diclofenac. Bromfenac. Comes in free acid form; ... Chemically related to indometacin.. As per acetametacin.. Topical, ophthalmologic.. N/A. Skin conditions (such as contact ... Bannister K (June 2015). "Opioid-induced hyperalgesia: where are we now?". Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care. 9 ... Musculoskeletal and joint disorders.. As per diclofenac. Proquazone. Comes in free form.. As per diclofenac.. PO, rectal.. Not ...
ISBN 978-0-07-142280-2. Schardein, James L. (2000). "Hormones and Hormone Antagonists". Chemically Induced Birth Defects (3rd ... ISBN 978-0-7236-7045-2. Jaffe, Robert B. (2004). "Disorders of Sexual Development". In Strauss, Jerome F.; Barbieri, Robert L ... ISBN 978-0-7216-9546-4. Forest, Maguelone G. (2006). "Diagnosis and Treatment of Disorders of Sexual Development". In DeGroot, ...
... can aggravate these disorders. Chemically, topiramate is a sulfamate modified fructose diacetonide - a rather ... in its recommendations for alcohol use disorder. Other uses include treatment of obesity and antipsychotic-induced weight gain ... One common off-label use for topiramate is in the treatment of bipolar disorder. A review published in 2010 suggested a benefit ... Topiramate itself is a weak inhibitor of CYP2C19 and induces CYP3A4; a decrease in plasma levels of estrogens and digoxin has ...
It also frequently induces increased hunger. Iversen (2000) categorized the subjective and behavioral effects often associated ... Hypnotics are often used to treat the symptoms of insomnia, or other sleep disorders. Benzodiazepines are still among the most ... Hallucinogens are classified chemically as either indolamines (specifically tryptamines), sharing a common structure with ... They also study drugs used in the treatment of affective and anxiety disorders, as well as schizophrenia. Clinical studies are ...
Gold can be identified in the skin chemically by light microscopy, electron microscopy, and spectroscopy. There is no way to ... Chrysiasis (Gk, chrysos - 'gold', osis - 'condition of') is a dermatological condition induced by the parenteral administration ... 862, 1928 The University of Massachusetts Online Article on Skin Pigmentation Disorders . ...
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis
Like other drug-induced SCARs disorders, AGEP is a type IV hypersensitivity reaction in which a drug or its metabolite ... non-essential drugs should be discontinued and essential drugs should be replaced by chemically unrelated drugs that are used ... Severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) disorders are regarded as the drug-induced activation of T cells which then initiate ... Since a SCARs-inducing drug or metabolite interacts with only one or a few HLA serotypes, their ability to induce SCARs is ...
This has made it a useful tool for chemically induced dimerization applications where it can be used to manipulate protein ... which is used in treating patients after organ transplant and patients suffering from autoimmune disorders. Tacrolimus has been ... Fegan, A; White, B; Carlson, JC; Wagner, CR (Jun 9, 2010). "Chemically controlled protein assembly: techniques and applications ...
... is chemically similar to risperidone, of which it is a structural analogue. It was first synthesized in 1987 at the ... The civil settlement also resolves allegations that Pfizer paid kickbacks to health care providers to induce them to prescribe ... 2003). "Ziprasidone-associated mania: a case series and review of the mechanism". Bipolar Disorders. 5 (1): 72-75. doi:10.1034/ ... Nicolson, SE; Nemeroff, CB (December 2007). "Ziprasidone in the treatment of mania in bipolar disorder". Neuropsychiatr Dis ...
Recreational drug use
... drugs that induce a sense of energy and alertness); and hallucinogens (drugs that induce perceptual distortions such as ... Until 1963, when it was chemically analysed by Albert Hofmann, it was completely unknown to modern science that Psilocybe ... They have been and are being explored as potential therapeutic agents in treating depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, ... Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness either for pleasure or for ...
Induced stem cells
Neural chemically induced progenitor cells (ciNPCs) can be generated from mouse tail-tip fibroblasts and human urinary somatic ... Mutations can cause diabetes, deafness, eye disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, heart disease, dementia, and other ... The chemically induced cardiomyocyte-like cells (ciCMs) uniformly contracted and resembled human cardiomyocytes in their ... Furthermore, dedifferentiation of progenitor cells induced by ACA-dependent signaling pathway leads to ACA-induced pluripotent ...
... and chemically isolated by the blood-brain barrier, they are very susceptible if compromised. Nerves tend to lie deep under the ... has been reported to induce neurological problems, at least in the case of lead. The neurological problem may start in ... A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain ... Cranial nerve disorder such as Trigeminal neuralgia. *Autonomic nervous system disorders such as dysautonomia, Multiple System ...
Claudia S. Miller
She also has consulted in cases of chemically-related illnesses. For her contributions in the health professions, Miller was ... She organized and chaired two National Institutes of Health meetings on chemical intolerance, and documented toxicant-induced ... Miller's research interests include "neurodevelopment and the environment (autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), ... Miller, C. S. (1997). "Toxicant-induced loss of tolerance--an emerging theory of disease?". Environmental Health Perspectives. ...
Neurotoxicity is another cause of brain damage that typically refers to selective, chemically induced neuron/brain damage. Head ... from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder. Unlike a broken bone where trauma to the body is obvious, head trauma ... Prognosis, or the likely progress of a disorder, depends on the nature, location, and cause of the brain damage (see Traumatic ... Narcolepsy and sleep disorders are common misdiagnoses. Cognitive symptoms include confusion, aggressive, ...
The DSM-5 also includes other caffeine-induced disorders consisting of caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, caffeine-induced ... Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline purine, a methylxanthine alkaloid, and is chemically related to the adenine and guanine ... Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder is a subclass of the DSM-5 diagnosis of substance/medication-induced anxiety disorder. ... The first two disorders are classified under "Anxiety Disorder" and "Sleep-Wake Disorder" because they share similar ...
Freudenreich O (2007). "Treatment of psychotic disorders". Psychotic disorders. Practical Guides in Psychiatry. Lippincott ... Chemically, it is classified as a piperazinyl phenothiazine. Originally marketed in the US as Trilafon, it has been in clinical ... Schillevoort I, de Boer A, Herings RM, Roos RA, Jansen PA, Leufkens HG (July 2001). "Antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal ... Perphenazine is used to treat psychosis (e.g. in people with schizophrenia and the manic phases of bipolar disorder). ...
Panic disorder. Moclobemide is useful in the treatment and management of panic disorder. Panic disorder is mentioned as an ... Moclobemide is chemically unrelated to irreversible MAOI antidepressants and only has a very weak pressor effect of orally ... induced cognitive impairments thus making moclobemide a good choice in the depression in the elderly and those with dementia.[ ... Tiller JW, Bouwer C, Behnke K (October 1997). "Moclobemide for anxiety disorders: a focus on moclobemide for panic disorder". ...
Chemically, diuretics are a diverse group of compounds that either stimulate or inhibit various hormones that naturally occur ... Diuretics are sometimes abused by people with an eating disorder, especially people with bulimia nervosa, with the goal of ... "Characterization of the antihypertensive effect of a thiazide diuretic in angiotensin II-induced hypertension". Journal of ...
"Enhancing exposure therapy for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder". Review. ... In 1914, two scientific papers claimed quebrachine was chemically identical to yohimbine. This was disputed, and the ... Kaumann AJ (June 1983). "Yohimbine and rauwolscine inhibit 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced contraction of large coronary arteries ... Yohimbine has been studied as a way to improve the effects of exposure therapy in people with post traumatic stress disorder ( ...
Nikotin - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija
"Effect of nicotine on quinpirole-induced checking behavior in rats: implications for obsessive-compulsive disorder". Biol. ... Chemically Correct: Nicotine, Andrew Novick *↑ Rusted, J; Graupner, L; O'Connell, Nicholls (1994-05-05). "Does nicotine improve ... "Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder". Pridobljeno dne 21 September 2009.. *↑ Pasquini M, Garavini A, Biondi M (januar 2005 ... Lundberg S, Carlsson A, Norfeldt P, Carlsson ML (november 2004). "Nicotine treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder". Prog. ...
Platelet-derived growth factor
Chemically inhibiting the PI3K pathway in PDGF-stimulated cells negates the differential effect between the two growth factors ... fibrotic disorders and malignancies. Synthesis occurs due to external stimuli such as thrombin, low oxygen tension, or other ... "12/15-Lipoxygenase Contributes to Platelet-derived Growth Factor-induced Activation of Signal Transducer and Activator of ...
... schizoaffective disorder, borderline personality disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.[needs update] ... Lamotrigine can induce a type of seizure known as a myoclonic jerk, which tends to happen soon after the use of the medication. ... making it chemically different from other anticonvulsants. How it works is not exactly clear. It appears to increase the ... Bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is approved in the US for maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder and bipolar II ...
In glasses (solids that exist in a vitreous disordered state), atoms may also be held together by chemical bonds with no ... "Anion-induced dimerization of 5-fold symmetric cyanostars in 3D crystalline solids and 2D self-assembled crystals". Chemical ... are composed of large crystalline networks of chemically bonded atoms or ions, but are not made of discrete molecules. ...
People with chemically induced conjunctivitis should not touch their eyes to avoid spreading the chemical. ... Longo, DL (2012). "Disorders of the Eye(Horton JC)". Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. McGra-Hill.. ... "Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis - Eye Disorders - Merck Manuals Professional Edition". Merck Manuals Professional Edition. ...
Tompa P, Fersht A (18 November 2009). Structure and Function of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200- ... Others are membrane proteins that act as receptors whose main function is to bind a signaling molecule and induce a biochemical ... Short proteins can also be synthesized chemically by a family of methods known as peptide synthesis, which rely on organic ... Protein disorder and unstructure prediction. Many proteins (in Eucaryota ~33%) contain large unstructured but biologically ...
Neurotoxicity is another cause of brain damage that typically refers to selective, chemically induced neuron/brain damage.. .mw ... Narcolepsy and sleep disorders are common misdiagnoses.. Moderate/severe brain injuriesEdit. Cognitive ... from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder. ... Prognosis, or the likely progress of a disorder, depends on the ... Studies show there is a correlation between brain lesion and language, speech, and category-specific disorders. Wernicke's ...
For the disorder in humans, see Dwarfism.. Dwarfing is a process in which a breed of animals or cultivar of plants is changed ... a b Zhang, Y.; Turner, J. G. (2008), "Wound-Induced Endogenous Jasmonates Stunt Plant Growth by Inhibiting Mitosis", PLoS ONE 3 ... 1996), "Stomatal Closure in Flooded Tomato Plants Involves Abscisic Acid and a Chemically Unidentified Anti-Transpirant in ... The effect can be induced through human intervention or non-human processes, and can include genetic, nutritional or hormonal ...
Chemically, baclofen is a derivative of the neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). It is believed to work by activating ( ... Baclofen is primarily used for the treatment of spastic movement disorders, especially in instances of spinal cord injury, ... van Nieuwenhuijzen, P.S.; McGregor, I.S.; Hunt, G.E. (2009). "The distribution of γ-hydroxybutyrate-induced Fos expression in ... Agabio, Roberta; Preti, Antonio; Gessa, Gian Luigi (2013). "Efficacy and Tolerability of Baclofen in Substance Use Disorders: A ...
... ing can be induced by electric scalp stimulation, study finds. *A look at four psychology fads - a comparison of est ... Hobson, J. Allan (2001). The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ... A Therapeutic Intervention in Patients with Nightmares and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. 21st Congress of the European Sleep ... Tholey, Paul (1983). Techniques for inducing and manipulating lucid dreams. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57, 1983, pp. 79-90. ...
Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders.Chapter 5-Medical Aspects of Stimulant Use Disorders. Center for Substance Abuse ... Slang names include drone and MCAT. It is reported to be manufactured in China and is chemically similar to the ... In contrast, much larger doses of amphetamine are likely to impair cognitive function and induce rapid muscle breakdown.[50 ... Stimulants have been used in medicine for many conditions including obesity, sleep disorders, mood disorders, impulse control ...
Radiation-induced erythema multiforme. Radiation-induced hypertrophic scar. Radiation-induced keloid. Radiation-induced morphea ... Hemoglobin's function can also be lost by chemically oxidizing its iron atom to its ferric form. This form of inactive ... disorders. *List of signs and symptoms of diving disorders. *Cramps. *Motion sickness ... G-LOC cerebral hypoxia induced by excessive g-forces. *Histotoxic hypoxia, the inability of cells to take up or utilize oxygen ...
a b Windebank AJ & Grisold W. Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System. 2008 Mar;13(1):27-46. ... This occurs when bleomycin binds to a metal ion, becomes chemically reduced and reacts with oxygen.:87 ... Some chemotherapy drugs are used in diseases other than cancer, such as in autoimmune disorders, and noncancerous plasma ... Trüeb RM (Mar 2009). "Chemotherapy-induced alopecia". Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. 28 (1): 11-4. PMID 19341937. ...
Asthma is characterized by eosinophil-induced inflammation motivated by a type 2 helper T cell (Th2). By targeting the ... nucleic acids are built from just four chemically similar nucleobases. In addition, DNA lacks the 2'-hydroxyl group found in ... is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder, in which patients suffer from eczema, often severe pruritus on the affected skin, as ... "Allergen-induced asthmatic responses modified by a GATA3-specific DNAzyme". The New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (21): 1987 ...
... bipolar disorder, major depression, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and autism spectrum disorders. ... In contrast, siRNAs typically base-pair perfectly and induce mRNA cleavage only in a single, specific target. In Drosophila ... RNAi is should be injected and/or chemically modified so the RNAi can reach cancer cells more efficiently. RNAi uptake and ... Sah D (2006). "Therapeutic potential of RNA interference for neurological disorders". Life Sci. 79 (19): 1773-80. doi:10.1016/j ...
... most antibodies are produced by hybridoma cell lines through immortalization of antibody-producing cells by chemically-induced ... Autoimmune disorders can often be traced to antibodies that bind the body's own epitopes; many can be detected through blood ... The allergen-IgE-FcRε interaction mediates allergic signal transduction to induce conditions such as asthma. ... Durandy A (2003). "Activation-induced cytidine deaminase: a dual role in class-switch recombination and somatic hypermutation ...
The risk of fractures is higher for people taking enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants than for people taking non-enzyme-inducing ... Psychiatric disordersEdit. In 1965, Monroe and Wise reported using primidone along with a phenothiazine derivative ... chemically unique, non-benzodiazepine anticonvulsant in decades. ... Girdwood, R. H. (1976). "Drug-induced anaemias". Drugs. 11 (5): 394-404. doi:10.2165/00003495-197611050-00003. PMID 782836.. ...
Gao F, Okunieff P, Han Z, Ding I, Wang L, Liu W, Zhang J, Yang S, Chen J, Underhill CB, Kim S, Zhang L (2005). Hypoxia-induced ... Hyaluronan is used in treatment of articular disorders in horses, in particular those in competition or heavy work. It is ... "Review of long-term adverse effects associated with the use of chemically-modified animal and nonanimal source hyaluronic acid ... In a murine air pouch model of carrageenan/IL-1-induced inflammation, HA was observed to enhance cellular infiltration. ...
Logam berat bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Shaw B. P., Sahu S. K. & Mishra R. K. 1999, "Heavy metal induced oxidative damage in terrestrial plants", in M. N. V. Prased ( ... Nieboer E. & Richardson D. H. S. 1980, "The replacement of the nondescript term 'heavy metals' by a biologically and chemically ... National Organization for Rare Disorders 2015, Heavy metal poisoning, accessed 3 March 2016. ... by a biologically and chemically significant classification of metal ions", Environmental Pollution Series B, Chemical and ...
Chemically, the precious metals (like the noble metals) are less reactive than most elements, have high luster and high ... A metallic glass (also known as an amorphous or glassy metal) is a solid metallic material, usually an alloy, with disordered ... The electrons in a metal's electron cloud are highly mobile and easily able to pass on heat-induced vibrational energy. ... Most pure metals are either too soft, brittle or chemically reactive for practical use. Combining different ratios of metals as ...
Hasson, H; Ismail, AI; Neiva, G (18 October 2006). "Home-based chemically-induced whitening of teeth in adults". The Cochrane ... Porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder where the body struggles to metabolise porphyria which leads to accumulation or the ... Alkaptonuria: Metabolic disorder which promotes the accumulation of homogentisic acid in the body and may cause brown ... Kumar, Arun; Kumar, Vijay; Singh, Janardhan; Hooda, Anita; Dutta, Samir (2011-09-13). "Drug-Induced Discoloration of Teeth". ...
Vitamin Bp: "antiperosis factor", which prevents perosis, a leg disorder, in chicks; can be replaced by choline and manganese ... Dupré A, Albarel N, Bonafe JL, Christol B, Lassere J (August 1979). "Vitamin B-12 induced acnes". Cutis. 24 (2): 210-1. PMID ... Though these vitamins share similar names, they are chemically distinct compounds that often coexist in the same foods. In ... but may lead to impaired growth and neurological disorders in infants. Multiple carboxylase deficiency, an inborn error of ...
Bénichou C (1990). "Criteria of drug-induced liver disorders. Report of an international consensus meeting". J. Hepatol. 11 (2 ... Chemically active phase 1 products are rendered relatively inert and suitable for elimination by this step. ... Toxin induced hepatitis. Drug induced hepatitis. Drug-induced hepatic necrosis. Drug induced hepatic fibrosis. Drug induced ... Toxin induced liver disease. Drug induced liver disease. Drug induced liver damage. Drug induced liver injury. Hepatogenous ...
History of general anesthesia
Largely because of the associated pain, many patients with surgical disorders chose certain death rather than undergo surgery. ... a new potent and short acting neuroleptic agent chemically related to Haloperidol". Arzneimittel-Forschung. 13: 205-11. PMID ... in order to induce a state of unconsciousness and partial neuromuscular blockade. ... "The inhibitory effect of fentanyl and other morphine-like analgesics on the warm water induced tail withdrawal reflex in rats" ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20022984 - Obesity exacerbates chemically induced neurodegeneration.
While its involvement in disorders such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and cancer have been well characterized, it remains ... Obesity is a major risk factor associated with a variety of human disorders. ... Obesity is a major risk factor associated with a variety of human disorders. While its involvement in disorders such as ... Humans; Cancer; Nervous-system; Nervous-system-disorders; Neurotoxicity; Models; Animal-studies; Animals; Laboratory-animals ...
Does Serum-DXM Increase Diagnostic Accuracy of the Overnight DXM Suppression Test in the Work-up of Cushing's Syndrome? -...
Cannabidiol and Cocaine Craving/Dependence - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Substance-Related Disorders. Cocaine-Related Disorders. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Mental Disorders. Epidiolex. ... Stress-induced craving [ Time Frame: Day 8 ]. A 10-point VAS used to measure craving responses in the context of stress-induced ... Another current severe substance use disorder or any substance use disorder that would require pharmacological treatment ... Severe psychiatric condition (history of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder); current acute psychosis ...
The Influence of in Utero Cannabis Exposure on Neonatal Brain Morphology and Structural Connectivity - Full Text View -...
Establishment of Drug-induced Liver Injury Databases and Application of Circulating microRNA(miRNA) - Full Text View -...
The purpose of the study is to establish drug-induced liver injury databases in China, make criteria for Chinese drug-induced ... Establishment of Drug-induced Liver Injury Databases and Application of Circulating microRNA(miRNA). The safety and scientific ... Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury. Wounds and Injuries. Liver Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Drug-Related Side ... histological features of drug-induced liver injury obtained by liver biopsy [ Time Frame: within six months of the DILI onset ...
Immune Disorders: Low Immune Function | GreenMedInfo | Disease
This topic contains 116 study abstracts on Immune Disorders: Low Immune Function indicating that the following substances may ... A selenium/arginine mixture prevents chemically-induced immunosuppresion and accelerated aging.Dec 01, 2007. ... Diseases : Immune Disorders: Low Immune Function, Statin-Induced Pathologies. Problem Substances : Lovastatin, Simvastatin, ... Diseases : Immune Disorders: Low Immune Function, Low Immune Function: Exercise-Induced. Pharmacological Actions : ...
Adjunctive low-dose docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for major depression: An open-label pilot trial
Acetyl-L-carnitine ameliorates spatial memory deficits induced by inhibition of phosphoinositol-3 kinase and protein kinase C
We reported that ventricular co-injection of wortmannin and GF-109203X (WT/GFX) can induce tau hyperphosophorylat … ... Memory Disorders / chemically induced* * Memory Disorders / drug therapy* * Mice * Neurons / drug effects ... Acetyl-L-carnitine ameliorates spatial memory deficits induced by inhibition of phosphoinositol-3 kinase and protein kinase C J ... We reported that ventricular co-injection of wortmannin and GF-109203X (WT/GFX) can induce tau hyperphosophorylation and memory ...
Perinatal & Neonatal Medicine Products - Routledge
Chemically Induced Birth Defects. 3rd Edition. By James Schardein. Containing over 10,000 citations from the literature, ... As the authors explain, Down syndrome is the only common congenital disorder; the other defects and disorders are rare or very ... Chemically Induced Birth Defects, Third Edition deserves a place on the bookshelves of all toxicologists, teratologists, ... A Dictionary of Congenital Malformations and Disorders. 1st Edition. By J. Gibson, Oliverira Potparic, O. Potparic ...
Medical Xpress - schizophrenia (... continued page 2)
Parkinsons & Movement disorders. A new drug target for chemically induced Parkinsons disease. More than three decades ago, ... Better care needed for people displaying first symptoms of bipolar disorder. Better care and more research into treatments for ... scientists discovered that a chemical found in a synthetic opioid, MPTP, induced the onset of a form of Parkinsons disease. In ... has concluded that psychiatric diagnoses are scientifically worthless as tools to identify discrete mental health disorders. ...
Relation between regular intake of phenacetin-containing analgesics and laboratory evidence for urorenal disorders in a working...
Bacteriuria / chemically induced*. Creatinine / blood. Female. Hematuria / chemically induced*, epidemiology. Humans. Kidney ... Proteinuria / chemically induced*, epidemiology. Sex Factors. Specific Gravity. Specimen Handling. Switzerland. Time Factors. ... chemically induced*, diagnosis, epidemiology, urine. Middle Aged. Occupational Medicine. Phenacetin / administration & dosage, ... Relation between regular intake of phenacetin-containing analgesics and laboratory evidence for urorenal disorders in a working ...
Brain volumes, cognitive impairment, and conjugated equine estrogens
High clozapine concentrations in leukocytes in a patient who developed leukocytopenia.
Up to now direct toxic effects or immunological processes have been said to explain clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. However ... Leukopenia / blood*, chemically induced*. Male. Middle Aged. Psychotic Disorders / blood, complications. Chemical. ... Agranulocytosis / blood, chemically induced. Antipsychotic Agents / adverse effects*, blood*. Clozapine / adverse effects*, ... Next Document: Heme oxygenase-1 upregulated by Ginkgo biloba extract: potential protection against ethanol-induced .... ...
Rooibos | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural Medicine | Alternative
Heterocyclic Aromatic Amine Induced Toxicity. 1. 1. Immune Disorders: Low Immune Function. 1. 1. ... Chemically-Induced Liver Damage. 3. 5. Diabetic Complications. 3. 5. Sepsis. 2. 4. ... Rooibos tea is as effective as vitamin C in inhibiting experimentally-induced hemolysis of red blood cells in quails. Aug 01, ... Diseases : Inflammation, Skin Cancer, Ultraviolet Radiation Induced Damage. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Inflammatory Agents ...
KAKEN - Research Projects | Understanding of molecular mechanisms of chemically-induced toxicities and risk evaluation using...
Journal Article] Cytochrome P450 20A1 in zebrafish: Cloning, regulation and potential involvement in hyperactivity disorders ... Understanding of molecular mechanisms of chemically-induced toxicities and risk evaluation using zebrafish. Research Project ... Journal Article] Dexamethasone-induced hepatomegaly and steatosis in larval zebrafish2017. *. Author(s). Guojun Yin, Liping Cao ...
Study on the effect of T-2 toxin combined with low nutrition diet on rat epiphyseal plate growth and development. | CureHunter
2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 272.7 : Lipidoses
Lipidosis, chemically induced. *Lipoidosis. *Neutral lipid storage disease. *Neutral lipid storage disorder ... Other Metabolic Disorders And Immunity Disorders 270-279 > Disorders of lipoid metabolism 272- ... Chemically induced lipidosis*Disease:*Andersons*Fabrys*Gauchers*I cell [mucolipidosis I]*lipoid storage NOS*Niemann-Pick* ... secondary (chemical-induced) (due to chronic condition) (due to infection) (drug-induced) 249.0. *. with*. coma (with ...
Expression of Stathmin, a Developmentally Controlled Cytoskeleton-Regulating Molecule, in Demyelinating Disorders | Journal of...
The day after transfection, cells were induced to differentiate in mitogen-free chemically defined medium for 24 h and then ... 2). The population of stathmin-expressing PSA-NCAM+ cells is increased after a chemically induced demyelinated lesion (Figs. 3 ... Stathmin expression in SVZ migratory progenitors is increased in response to chemically induced demyelination. Demyelination ... Progenitors were induced to differentiate by mitogen deprivation in the presence or in the absence of limiting amounts of ...
Chrysin Ameliorates Chemically Induced Colitis in the Mouse through Modulation of a PXR/NF-κB Signaling Pathway | Journal of...
2012) Development of FXR, PXR and CAR agonists and antagonists for treatment of liver disorders. Curr Top Med Chem 12:605-624. ... Chrysin Ameliorates Chemically Induced Colitis in the Mouse through Modulation of a PXR/NF-κB Signaling Pathway. Wei Dou, ... Chrysin Ameliorates Chemically Induced Colitis in the Mouse through Modulation of a PXR/NF-κB Signaling Pathway ... These findings suggest that the effect of chrysin in preventing chemically induced colitis is mediated in large part by a PXR/ ...
Management of cocaine-associated chest pain and myocardial infarction: a scientific statement from the American Heart...
Frontiers | Intrinsic Spine Dynamics Are Critical for Recurrent Network Learning in Models With and Without Autism Spectrum...
... experimentally observed in several animal models of autism spectrum disorder, impair learning associations in the brain. ... experimentally observed in several animal models of autism spectrum disorder, impair learning associations in the brain. ... Glutamate receptor exocytosis and spine enlargement during chemically induced long-term potentiation. J. Neurosci. 26, 2000- ... Wei, Y., and Koulakov, A. A. (2014). Long-term memory stabilized by noise-induced rehearsal. J. Neurosci. 34, 15804-15815. doi ...
Keyword: HEADACHE DISORDERS, SECONDARY - chemically induced, diagnosis, physiopathology, prevention and control. Keyword: ... HEADACHE DISORDERS, SECONDARY - chemically induced, diagnosis, physiopathology, prevention and control; ANALGESICS - adverse ... anxiety disorder, substance addiction disorder as assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders ... medication-induced headache) i glavobolja zbog zloupotrebe lijekova (engl. medication-missuse headache). (4) U sklopu drugog ...
Neuropharmacological Profile of Gamma-Decanolactone on Chemically-induced Seizure in Mice | Bentham Science
CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets *Clinical Applications of Intravenous Immunoglobulins in Child Neurology. Current ... Neuropharmacological Profile of Gamma-Decanolactone on Chemically-induced Seizure in Mice. Author(s): Pricila Pfluger, ... Title:Neuropharmacological Profile of Gamma-Decanolactone on Chemically-induced Seizure in Mice ... "Neuropharmacological Profile of Gamma-Decanolactone on Chemically-induced Seizure in Mice", Central Nervous System Agents in ...
CSF metabolite linked to affective disorder burden
Thiss definitely some of whats involved in instances of chemically-induced interactive violence. Generalized communication of ... treatment-refractory affective disorders. , , The finding supports theories that affective disorders may result in , allostasis ... Previous message: CSF metabolite linked to affective disorder burden *Next message: CSF metabolite linked to affective disorder ... Previous message: CSF metabolite linked to affective disorder burden *Next message: CSF metabolite linked to affective disorder ...
... and in chemically induced forms of the disease (Spencer et al., 1986, 1987). More recent developments include the discovery of ... 1995) N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor participation in Parkinsons disease, a neurodegenerative disorder. Ann NY Acad Sci 765:327 ... the present study indicates a similar dysfunction in chemically induced motor neuron disease, in experimental animals. It ... This study provides evidence indicating a mechanism for neurodegeneration through mitochondrial dysfunction chemically induced ...
Developmental outcome for preschoolers prenatally exposed to crack cocaine
Child Behavior Disorders -- chemically induced ( mesh ). Department of Clinical and Health Psychology thesis Ph.D ( mesh ). ... disorders have not been linked to alcohol or opiate exposure. alone, Davis et al. (1992) attributed their findings to. cocaine ... complex disease, seizure disorders, mental illness or. retardation, etc., 3) women with no history of illegal drug. use other ... for disordered conduct. The normative sample was 798 parents. of children drawn from six pediatric health care settings. ...
Applications of Antioxidants in Metabolic Disorders and Degenerative Diseases: Mechanistic Approach
Oxidative stress impacts almost all acute and chronic progressive disorders and on a cellular basis is intimately linked to ... Antioxidants roles in chemically induced disease models (of cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, or ... Many metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases could be studied under laboratory conditions as models induced by certain ... leading to metabolic disorders and degenerative disorders.. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ...
Drug Induced Neurological Disorders: Book Review - This Is MS Multiple Sclerosis Knowledge & Support Community
cd is chemically near-identical to zinc. cd occupies available zinc receptors. cd toxicity symptom list parallels zn deficiency ... 2. Drug-induced neuromuscular disorders: lists all the. important drugs. I would, however, like a comment. about the fact that ... of Neuromuscular Disorders are:. 1. Drug-induced peripheral neuropathies: this is a comprehensive. chapter dealing with rare ... Drug-Induced Neurological Disorders. Second Edition. Jain KK. Hogrefe & Huber Publishers, Seattle, WA, 2001.. ISBN 0-88937-219- ...
Aniline | Medical Management Guidelines | Toxic Substance Portal | ATSDR
A high incidence of gynecological disorders and excess frequency of spontaneous abortions have been reported in chemically ... Do not induce emesis.. Gastric lavage is useful in certain circumstances to remove caustic material and prepare for endoscopic ... Aniline induces the production of methemoglobin in both adults and children. The fetal liver can also N-oxygenate aniline to ... In cases of ingestion, do not induce emesis. If the victim is alert and asymptomatic, administer a slurry of activated charcoal ...
Where's the Dirt? Chemicals Run Amok in the 'Clean Room'
... chemically induced T-cell inadequacy. Company lawyers and doctors dismiss it as a psychometric disorder. But by less biased ... Chemically-induced AIDS provides a similar picture as virally-induced AIDS, according to an immunologist who has treated over ... The AIDS phobic American public knows nothing of its chemically-induced relative, even though it may be casually transmitted at ... In contrast, the limited and contested evidence available suggests that chemically-induced AIDS may render T-cells ...
Depressive DisorderAdverseDiagnosisAttention DeficitNeurodegenerative disordersSeizuresDiseasesParkinson'sOxidative stressBipolar disorderMiceDiseaseToxicityTherapeuticOlfactoryEpidemiologyNeuronsNeuronalCongenitalMetabolicPreventionExacerbatesCompoundsBehaviorClinicalNeurologicalCocainePsychiatricModulationChemicalCognitiveObesityRatsGeneticOnsetPathophysiologyImmune systemChronicReductionMental DisordersMolecular mechanismsPeripheralAutoimmune disordersMoleculeAbnormalitiesAntagonistSymptomsAutism spectrumTreatmentInflammatoryEffectsInjuryCommonly
- Whilst the majority of evidence supports the adjunctive use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in improving mood, to date no study exists using low-dose docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) alone as an adjunctive treatment in patients with mild to moderate major depressive disorder (MDD). (nih.gov)
- To verify this hypothesis the concentrations of clozapine were measured in the plasma and the leukocytes of a patient receiving clozapine who developed clozapine-induced leukocytopenia and in 10 patients receiving clozapine who did not show any serious adverse side effects. (biomedsearch.com)
- The present invention relates to compounds, pharmaceutical compositions comprising same and methods of use thereof for the inhibition of certain pro-apoptotic genes, useful in the treatment of diseases and disorders in which gene expression is adverse. (google.com)
- We can add that the decision to use a drug recreationally for the purposes of dissociating ourselves from reality through induced euphoria raises significant moral concerns, and, like all unethical human choices, can be expected to correlate with significant adverse ramifications. (thebostonpilot.com)
- Adverse sexual effects can be complex because there are several potentially overlapping etiologies, including sexual dysfunction associated with the underlying mood disorder. (nih.gov)
- The purpose of the study is to establish drug-induced liver injury databases in China, make criteria for Chinese drug-induced liver injury patients and evaluate the application of certain circulating miRNA in diagnosis or treatment of drug-induced liver injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Otherwise,collect blood sample or other sample of the patients and study certain miRNA in diagnosis or treatment of drug-induced liver injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- His Axis I diagnosis was Alcohol Dependence and Alcohol Induced Mood Disorder with Depression. (bartleby.com)
- The invention also relates to methods and compositions for the diagnosis and treatment of hemostatic disorders, including, but not limited to, hemorrhagic disorders and thrombotic disorders. (google.com)
- After being a natural health professional for more than 30 years, I am constantly asked by clients, health care professionals, aestheticians, spa owners, and educators about teaching others the foundation of my successes gained by both personal and professional experiences in dealing with some of the most challenging health disorders that defy conventional diagnosis and treatment. (ei-resource.org)
- Despite its hefty price tag, it has become widely used for adults and children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. (ncpamd.com)
- Endocrine disruptors have been linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, early puberty, infertility and other reproductive disorders, and childhood and adult cancers. (beyondpesticides.org)
- In relation to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), worldwide prevalence of this disease in children/adolescence and adults is about 5.3% and 2.5%, respectively ( 8 , 9 ), while about 1 in 68 children were diagnosed with autism in the United States in 2012 ( 10 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Safety and Efficacy of ADDERALL XR in the Treatment of Adolescents Aged 13-17 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD ) Safety and Efficacy of ADDERALL XR in the Treatment of Adolescents Aged 13-17 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD ) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. (tripdatabase.com)
- January 29, 2013 Sponsor: AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) Information provided by (Responsible Party): AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) ) Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to test if the investigational medication ABT-089 is a safe and effective treatment for children with Attention - Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD . (tripdatabase.com)
- These results support the view that thiol oxidation and concomitant mitochondrial dysfunction (also implicated in other neurodegenerative disorders), occurring downstream of glutamate receptor activation by l -BOAA, are primary events leading to neurodegeneration. (jneurosci.org)
- Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in a variety neurodegenerative disorders. (jneurosci.org)
- Besides cellular molecular chaperones, which are stress-induced proteins, there have been recently reported chemical, or so-called pharmacological chaperones with demonstrated ability to be effective in preventing misfolding of different diseasecausing proteins, specifically in the therapeutic management of sight-threatening eye diseases, essentially reducing the severity of several neurodegenerative disorders (such as age-related macular degeneration), cataract and many other protein-misfolding diseases. (chemweb.com)
- Mattson MP, Chan SL, Duan W. Modification of brain aging and neurodegenerative disorders by genes, diet, and behavior. (springer.com)
- GD was able to prolong the latency to the first seizure and decreased the percentage of seizures induced by INH and 4-AP, but not by PCT. (eurekaselect.com)
- Migranka Sur , a neuroscientist at MIT, hypothesizes that synapses in people with Rett syndrome, a disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, and motor problems, remain immature but can be chemically induced to mature. (technologyreview.com)
- Animal models of epilepsy and seizures can be divided into three basic categories: genetic animal models, chemically induced models, and electrically induced models. (wikipedia.org)
- P in that it maintains potency as a positive allosteric modulator of the GABAA receptor and exhibits anticonvulsant activity against chemically induced seizures. (psychiatrictimes.com)
- On the contrary, antioxidants have a plethora of biomedical values and could be used for prevention and treatment of many oxidative damage-related disorders and diseases. (hindawi.com)
- Many metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases could be studied under laboratory conditions as models induced by certain drugs and toxicants involvingexcessive ROS production. (hindawi.com)
- Emerging evidence from numerous studies suggests that administration of exogenous ketone supplements, such as ketone salts or ketone esters, generates rapid and sustained nutritional ketosis and metabolic changes, which may evoke potential therapeutic effects in cases of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including psychiatric diseases. (frontiersin.org)
- We conclude that supplement-induced nutritional ketosis leads to metabolic changes and improvements, for example, in mitochondrial function and inflammatory processes, and suggest that development of specific adjunctive ketogenic protocols for psychiatric diseases should be actively pursued. (frontiersin.org)
- The association of the nuclear receptor signalling pathways with several diseases suggests that they are less likely to be responsible for the unique features of each disease but are involved in aspects common to the disorders, as has been proposed for genes such as DISC1. (springer.com)
- 2. The method of claim 1 in which the risk of at least two component diseases/disorders of metabolic syndrome is considered. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 12. The method of claim 1 wherein assessing the risk of metabolic syndrome and or one of its component diseases/disorders comprises assessing the risk of obesity. (freepatentsonline.com)
- More than three decades ago, scientists discovered that a chemical found in a synthetic opioid, MPTP, induced the onset of a form of Parkinson's disease. (medicalxpress.com)
- See the related sections ( Cancer , Developmental and Learning Disorders , Parkinson's disease , Reproductive Health ) for more information. (beyondpesticides.org)
- Many human brain disorders, most notably Parkinson's disease, are linked to dysregulation of dopamine. (eurekalert.org)
- Thus, whether HIV exacerbates age-related brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD) is of concern. (springer.com)
- Anticholinergic drugs, commonly prescribed to treat a range of disorders, from Parkinson's disease to bladder conditions, may increase dementia risks. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Mitochondrial CYP2D6 may be a powerful target for the treatment of Parkinson's disease induced by MPTP. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Herbal extracts offer protection against diesel exhaust particles-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory response. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Galaly, " Hesperidin protects against chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis via modulation of Nrf2/ARE/HO-1, PPAR[gamma] and TGF-[beta]1/Smad3 signaling, and amelioration of oxidative stress and inflammation," Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Lifetime onset of major depressive disorders in the general population is up to 11-16% ( 2 , 3 ), with bipolar disorder present in 1% ( 4 , 5 ), schizophrenia in 1% ( 6 , 7 ), and anxiety disorder in 5-31% ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Another approach to delineating the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder involves studying changes in gene expression induced in rodent brains after administration of pharmacologic agents used to treat bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- For example, investigators have demonstrated that 2 chemically unrelated drugs (lithium and valproate) used to treat bipolar disorder both upregulate the expression of the cytoprotective protein Bcl-2 in the frontal cortex and the hippocampus of rat brains. (medscape.com)
- Bowden C, Singh V. Long-term management of bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- 69. Management of Bipolar Disorder Working Group. (medscape.com)
- VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for management of bipolar disorder in adults. (medscape.com)
- Singleton deletions throughout the genome increase risk of bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- Diagnostic features, prevalence, and impact of bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- Assessment of the effect of age at onset on linkage to bipolar disorder: evidence on chromosomes 18p and 21q. (medscape.com)
- Evidence of susceptibility loci on 4q32 and 16p12 for bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- A genome survey indicates a possible susceptibility locus for bipolar disorder on chromosome 22. (medscape.com)
- Impaired feedback regulation of XBP1 as a genetic risk factor for bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- Collaborative genome-wide association analysis supports a role for ANK3 and CACNA1C in bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
- Bipolar disorder, which in the ICD-10 is classified as bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness (MDI), is a common, severe, and persistent mental illness. (medscape.com)
- Bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of deep, prolonged, and profound depression that alternate with periods of an excessively elevated or irritable mood known as mania. (medscape.com)
- Although bipolar disorder is diagnosed based on the patient's history and clinical course, laboratory studies may be necessary to rule out other potential causes of the patient's signs and symptoms as well as to have baseline results before administering certain medications. (medscape.com)
- The treatment of bipolar disorder is directly related to the phase of the episode (ie, depression or mania) and the severity of that phase, and it may involve a combination of psychotherapy and medication. (medscape.com)
- These events may underlie the enhanced neurotoxicity seen in the obese mice.In summary, our results implicate obesity as a risk factor associated with chemical- and possibly disease-induced neurodegeneration. (cdc.gov)
- Here, we report that upon transplantation into mice with chemically induced hippocampal lesions, human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (OE-MSCs) - adult stem cells from human nasal olfactory lamina propria - migrated toward the sites of neural damage, where they differentiated into neurons. (jci.org)
- CAG-creER mice and carried out tamoxifen-induced gene ablation. (deepdyve.com)
- Strikingly, the lethal wasting disorder of global null mice can be rescued by neuron-specific expression of a Fig4 cDNA transgene (14). (deepdyve.com)
- Mice carrying mutations that alter developmental pathways or cellular function provide model systems for analyzing defects in comparable human disorders and for testing therapeutic strategies. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The EMR screens for spontaneous mutations in the large production and repository colonies, while the TVRM program screens for chemically induced mutations in third-generation (G3) offspring of mutagenized mice. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- While its involvement in disorders such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and cancer have been well characterized, it remains to be determined if obesity has a detrimental effect on the nervous system. (cdc.gov)
- Herbal products are also commonly used by the patients with certain chronic medical conditions, including breast cancer, liver disease, human immunodeficiency, asthma and rheumatological disorders. (chemweb.com)
- Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells hold great promise for advancements in developmental biology, cell-based therapy, and modeling of human disease. (jci.org)
- Mutations of human FIG4 cause inherited disorders including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4J, polymicrogyria with epilepsy, and Yunis-Varón syndrome. (deepdyve.com)
- These illnesses, probably attributable to chemically induced immune system disorders, may produce a wide range of disabling disease symptoms," Mr. Davis writes. (rachel.org)
- The present studies indicate that an inhibition of mitochondrial complex I activity mediated through oxidation of thiol groups in distinctive regions of the CNS is a primary event in thiol-reversible, l -BOAA-induced toxicity. (jneurosci.org)
- The results may suggest that patients at risk of developing clozapine-induced leukocytopenia show increased clozapine concentrations in the leukocytes although the clozapine plasma concentration is in the therapeutic range. (biomedsearch.com)
- Thus, more attention should be directed to metabolic-based therapeutic interventions in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. (frontiersin.org)
- Therefore, the aim of this review is to summarize the current information on ketone supplementation as a potential therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders. (frontiersin.org)
- Less common are nasal erosions, sinonasal neoplasms, and chemically induced olfactory dysfunction. (cdc.gov)
- Cardoso F (2002) HIV-related movement disorders: epidemiology, pathogenesis and management. (springer.com)
- it is commonly induced by coactivation of pre- and postsynaptic neurons within a particular time window. (frontiersin.org)
- and the ability of the specific AMPA receptor antagonist NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(F)quinoxaline) to prevent l -BOAA-induced neuronal damage confirmed that l -BOAA exerted its action through the AMPA receptors ( Pearson and Nunn, 1991 ). (jneurosci.org)
- Dicholine salt of succinic acid, a neuronal insulin sensitizer, ameliorates cognitive deficits in rodent models of normal aging, chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, and beta-amyloid peptide-(25-35)-induced amnesia. (nih.gov)
- We now demonstrate an additive effect of EcoHIV on dopaminergic neuronal loss and neuroinflammation induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine intoxication. (springer.com)
- These data show that OE-MSCs can induce neurogenesis and contribute to restoration of hippocampal neuronal networks via trophic actions. (jci.org)
- This is a complete, medically reliable dictionary of congenital malformations and disorders. (routledge.com)
- Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly reactive molecules which induce oxidative damage to cellular macromolecules including nucleic acids, protein, peptides, and lipids, leading to metabolic disorders and degenerative disorders. (hindawi.com)
- Here, we examined the use of human iPS cells for modeling inherited metabolic disorders of the liver. (jci.org)
- Lack of clear understanding of immunopathogenesis of ACD so far has remained the major hindrance in achieving cure or prevention of these disorders. (cdc.gov)
- Effort towards prevention of ACD include identification of environmental agents that induce contact hypersensitivity (CH) response as well as individuals that are susceptible for such a response. (cdc.gov)
- The plants used in Ayurvedic medicine, which has been practiced in India for thousands of years for the treatment of a variety of disorders, are rich in chemicals potentially useful for prevention and treatment of cancer. (mercola.com)
- Obesity exacerbates chemically induced neurodegeneration. (cdc.gov)
- Although it is known that certain universal contact sensitizing agents are chemically reactive low molecular weight compounds that can derivatize proteins upon contact and become immunogenic, it is not known why some contact sensitizers do not induce CH in all the individuals. (cdc.gov)
- Many of today's drugs designed for CNS disorders--although small molecule compounds--affect numerous receptor types, producing unwanted side effects such as anxiety, sedation, impaired memory and learning, delirium and hallucinations. (psychiatrictimes.com)
- The patent was the latest member of a family of issued U.S. patents that cover SK1-I and related compounds and their use in the treatment of various cancers and immune-inflammatory disorders. (genengnews.com)
- These compounds induce a stimulated transcription in the nanomolar range, similar to calcitriol. (rcsb.org)
- In addition, the present invention provides methods for the diagnostic monitoring of patients undergoing clinical evaluation for the treatment of a hemostatic or vascular disorders, and for monitoring the efficacy of compounds in clinical trials. (google.com)
- This approach recognizes that clinical expressions of ASD are diverse, and that ASD possibly and more appropriately might be considered a collection of discrete disorders with some overlapping clinical expressions. (autismone.org)
- As a large employer in the United States, the Department of Defense faces significant challenges ensuring that all members of the military, as well as their families, receive appropriate health care for everything from general health and well-being to specialized clinical care for deployment related injuries such as amputations, chemically induced illnesses, and post-traumatic stress disorder. (rand.org)
- This book is an encyclopedia of drug-induced neurological disorders. (thisisms.com)
- All in all I find this book to be a well-presented collate of drug-induced neurological conditions. (thisisms.com)
- Analyses of hallucinations reported by sufferers of neurological disorders and by neurosurgical patients in whom the brain is stimulated electrically have shown the importance of the temporal lobes (at the sides of the brain) to auditory hallucinations, for example, and of other functionally relevant parts of the brain in this process. (britannica.com)
- We had thought that in disorders like autism and fragile X, damage was done early, and the best we could do was stop it," said Story Landis , director of the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, at the Society for Neuroscience conference , in Washington, DC, last month. (technologyreview.com)
- Bi-allelic missense mutations of VAC14 are responsible for recessive pediatric neurological disorders (8). (deepdyve.com)
- Indeed, even after a period of abstinence, cocaine-dependent individuals remain vulnerable to stress and other craving-inducing stimuli, which, in turn, lead to intense physiological responses and various negative feelings such as anger and sadness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Psychosocial approaches have been widely used to help cocaine-dependent patients achieve better outcomes after drug cessation, but literature indicates that these strategies alone are at times insufficient to induce significant behavioural changes or a reduction in rates of drug consumption. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A new study, published in Psychiatry Research, has concluded that psychiatric diagnoses are scientifically worthless as tools to identify discrete mental health disorders. (medicalxpress.com)
- French physician Alexandre-Jacques-François Brierre de Boismont in 1845 described many instances of hallucinations associated with intense concentration, or with musing, or simply occurring in the course of psychiatric disorder . (britannica.com)
- The result of downstream cellular and molecular changes is a reduction in the pathophysiology associated with various psychiatric disorders. (frontiersin.org)
- With an increasing global prevalence, psychiatric disorders can present as serious medical conditions composed of emotional, cognitive, social, behavioral, and functional impairments ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
- This chapter details the association of thyroid hormone and vitamin D with these psychiatric disorders. (springer.com)
- Meduna used camphor-induced fits on psychiatric patients in a Hungarian state mental hospital after unsuccessful attempts by Nyiro, his superior, to treat schizophrenia by injections of blood from epileptics. (ect.org)
- These results suggest that ALCAR could ameliorate WT/GFX-induced spatial memory deficits through inhibition tau hyperphosphorylation and modulation of memory-associated proteins. (nih.gov)
- Atrazine induces complete feminization and chemical castration in male African clawed frogs. (tulane.edu)
- General anesthesia is characterized by unconsciousness, analgesia, muscle relaxation, and depression of reflexes, generally in response to the administration of chemical agents that induce reversible unconsciousness. (medscimonit.com)
- Department of Housing & Urban Development Memorandum for all Regional Counsels by George L. Weidengeller, Deputy General Counsel, regarding 'Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Disorder and Environmental Illness as Handicaps. (ciin.org)
- Chemical: Certain chemicals can bind with body proteins, making them immunogenic, as occurs in drug-induced hemolytic anemia. (merckmanuals.com)
- CONCLUSION: A mechanism by which CEE-based postmenopausal hormone therapy induces cognitive impairment appears to be through increased brain atrophy. (healthpartners.com)
- The enhancement of insulin receptor signaling is, therefore, a promising strategy for the treatment of age-related cognitive disorders. (nih.gov)
- Obesity is a major risk factor associated with a variety of human disorders. (cdc.gov)
- We reported that ventricular co-injection of wortmannin and GF-109203X (WT/GFX) can induce tau hyperphosophorylation and memory impairment of rats through activation of GSK-3 [Liu S. J., Zhang A. H., Li H. L., Wang Q., Deng H. M., Netzer W. J., Xu H. X. and Wang J. Z. (2003) J. Neurochem. (nih.gov)
- In the present study, we found that feeding the rats with Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR, 50 mg/day·rat, per os) for 2 weeks rescued the WT/GFX-induced spatial memory retention impairment of the rats by antagonizing GSK-3β activation independent of Akt, PKCζ and Erk1/2. (nih.gov)
- Diabetic and nondiabetic rats underwent a 3-h infusion of vehicle compared with SSTR2 antagonist (SSTR2a) during insulin-induced hypoglycemia clamped at 3 ± 0.5 mmol/L. Diabetic rats treated with SSTR2a needed little or no glucose infusion compared with untreated rats. (diabetesjournals.org)
- In rats with beta-amyloid peptide-(25-35)-induced amnesia, CS enhanced passive avoidance performance and increased activity of brain choline acetyltransferase, as compared to control rats (saline). (nih.gov)
- The discovery in the 1990s of the mutations underlying the three disorders has allowed scientists to create animal models with the same genetic mistakes. (technologyreview.com)
- In the DZP-induced sleep test, GD shortened the onset and prolonged the time of sleep. (eurekaselect.com)
- What findings of gene expression in rat brains have increased understanding of the pathophysiology of bipolar affective disorder (manic-depressive illness)? (medscape.com)
- Moreover, there must be a distinction between the muscle weakness as a chronic disorder in force generation or output force and the acute effect of neuromuscular fatigue. (bartleby.com)
- This second part covers alternative treatments for nonretinal disorders: senile cataracts, diabetic cataracts, and chronic open-angle glaucoma. (chiro.org)
- In 2017, the RMA declined to issue 'Statements of Principles' (SoPs) - legal instruments used by the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs to determine liability for veterans' claims - linking poisoning by mefloquine, tafenoquine, and primaquine to the development of chronic quinoline encephalopathy, a serious and potentially life-threatening brain disorder. (prweb.com)
- exercise-induced reduction in the maximal capacity of force generation or output force. (bartleby.com)
- In T1D, because of β-cell destruction, hypoglycemia could no longer induce the decrement reduction in insulin release, a required signal for α-cells to release glucagon during hypoglycemia ( 4 , 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. (medscape.com)
- Although it is generally accepted that l -BOAA causes neurodegeneration through excitotoxic mechanisms, probably involving the AMPA receptors, the actual molecular mechanisms involved in l -BOAA-induced neurotoxicity generally remain uncharacterized. (jneurosci.org)
- As an example, I would refrain from including 'oral contraceptives' as a separate entity in the drug-induced peripheral neuropathy chapter. (thisisms.com)
- This could have easily been a section in the drug-induced peripheral neuropathy chapter. (thisisms.com)
- 1. Drug-induced peripheral neuropathies: this is a comprehensive chapter dealing with rare and common forms of this toxic side effect. (thisisms.com)
- Consequently, functional impairment or dysregulation of AEA and 2-AG activity leads to a variety of disorders affecting the nervous system as well as peripheral organs and tissues. (intechopen.com)
- Relatives of patients with autoimmune disorders often also have autoantibodies. (merckmanuals.com)
- The incidence of autoimmune disorders is higher in identical twins than in fraternal twins. (merckmanuals.com)
- Most autoimmune disorders have a polygenic etiology, and allelic variants within the HLA-gene locus nearly always contribute. (merckmanuals.com)
- For specific autoimmune disorders, see elsewhere in THE MANUAL. (merckmanuals.com)
- Pre-administration of chrysin ameliorated inflammatory symptoms in mouse models of colitis (dextran sodium sulfate- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced) and resulted in down-regulation of nuclear transcription factor κ B (NF- κ B) target genes (inducible NO synthase, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, cyclooxygenase 2, tumor necrosis factor- α , and interleukin 6) in the colon mucosa. (aspetjournals.org)
- 10 . A method for inducing hemostasis in a subject, comprising administering to said subject an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which encodes a soluble P-selectin polypeptide, such that hemostasis occurs. (google.com)
- 19 . The method of claim 18 , wherein said subject is further treated with a molecule effective to induce a procoagulant state in tumor associated vasculature. (google.com)
- It is assumed that changes or abnormalities of clozapine uptake at the cell membrane might play a role in the development of clozapine-induced leukocytopenia and/or agranulocytosis. (biomedsearch.com)
- Interestingly, β2- adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) antagonist ICI 118551 attenuated ischemia-induced BBB damage by regulating HIF-1α expression. (tripdatabase.com)
- While substance use remains the most obvious direct outcome of addiction, there is a growing interest in other core symptoms of this disorder. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:9IhZ1VJrNL0J:www.anped.org/media.php%3Fid%3D134+ehs+%2B+mcs&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=3&client=firefox-a 'Dr. Robert Becker describes the symptoms of MCS and ES, especially those symptoms associated with the central nervous system, as being virtually identical. (google.com)
- Scientists will soon test IGF (insulin-like growth factor), shown here, to find out if it can reverse symptoms of Rett syndrome, a rare inherited disorder linked to autism. (technologyreview.com)
- Successfully delivers side effect free relief for a wide range of symptoms and disorders. (yesyesyes.org)
- These Health Care Professionals are reporting effective side effect free relief for a wide range of symptoms and disorders. (yesyesyes.org)
- Our theory explains how excessively strong spine dynamics, experimentally observed in several animal models of autism spectrum disorder, impair learning associations in the brain. (frontiersin.org)
- treatment-refractory affective disorders. (bio.net)
- Stem cell-based therapy has been proposed as a potential means of treatment for a variety of brain disorders. (jci.org)
- Enzo said April 29 it was exploring avenues for developing SK1-I as a potential treatment for COVID-19, based on positive results generated in a lupus model and prior work demonstrating the anti-inflammatory activity of the compound in animal models of other immune disorders and on isolated human blood cells. (genengnews.com)
- These inflammatory cascades induce a wide spectrum of cytokines, which can cause neuron degeneration, have neurotoxic effects on brain tissue, and. (ebscohost.com)
- Up to now direct toxic effects or immunological processes have been said to explain clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. (biomedsearch.com)
- The first genomewide interaction and locus-heterogeneity linkage scan in bipolar affective disorder: strong evidence of epistatic effects between loci on chromosomes 2q and 6q. (medscape.com)
- Actual use of the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol or 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)) to treat hyperproliferative disorders is hampered by calcemic effects, hence the continuous development of chemically modified analogues with dissociated profiles. (rcsb.org)
- In its decision, the RMA referred to the disorder as a 'chemically-acquired brain injury' . (prweb.com)
- Dr. Jane Quinn, a research neurotoxicologist and scientific advisor to the QVFA, said, 'Establishing a SoP for quinoline-induced chemically-acquired brain injury, or neuropsychiatric quinism, is an important step to getting those veterans affected by this condition the recognition, appropriate medical assistance, and compensation they deserve, particularly for those veterans and their families whose lives have been permanently affected by their participation in the Australian Defence Force-sanctioned drug trials. (prweb.com)
- Trailing is a visual perceptual effect commonly experiencedduring LSD consumption and as a long-lasting side effect of the drug (hallucinogenpersisting perception disorder) -. (nih.gov)