Chemical Terrorism: The use of chemical agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of nerve agents, blood agents, blister agents, and choking agents (NOXAE).Terrorism: The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.Strategic Stockpile: Planned and coordinated pre-event accumulation of ESSENTIAL DRUGS and medical supplies.Chemical Warfare: Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.Biological Warfare: Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.Chemical Warfare Agents: Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.Decontamination: The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Civil Defense: Preventive emergency measures and programs designed to protect the individual or community in times of hostile attack.Emergency Shelter: Temporary shelter provided in response to a major disaster or emergency.Stress Disorders, Traumatic: Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.Biological Warfare Agents: Living organisms or their toxic products that are used to cause disease or death of humans during WARFARE.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Epidemiologic Measurements: Statistical calculations on the occurrence of disease or other health-related conditions in defined populations.Bombs: A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Variola virus: A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing infections in humans. No infections have been reported since 1977 and the virus is now believed to be virtually extinct.Emergency Responders: Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Surge Capacity: A health care system's ability to rapidly mobilize to meet an increased demand, to rapidly expand beyond normal services levels to meet the increased demand in the event of large-scale DISASTERS or public health emergencies.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Professional Corporations: Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Anthrax: An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Bacillus anthracis: A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Urogenital Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.MycosesGingival Overgrowth: Excessive growth of the gingiva either by an increase in the size of the constituent cells (GINGIVAL HYPERTROPHY) or by an increase in their number (GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA). (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p574)Dermatomycoses: Superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Motion Sickness: Disorder caused by motion, as sea sickness, train sickness, car sickness, air sickness, or SPACE MOTION SICKNESS. It may include nausea, vomiting and dizziness.Yeasts: A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.

Clinical review: Tokyo - protecting the health care worker during a chemical mass casualty event: an important issue of continuing relevance. (1/12)

Determine the effectiveness of decontamination, and perform thorough dry or wet decontamination, depending on the circumstances. Always remain cognizant of the fact that, even after decontamination has been completed, contamination may not have been completely eliminated. Perform periodic monitoring to determine whether secondary exposure has occurred in health care workers; if it appears that secondary exposure has occurred, then the PPE level must be increased and attempts must be made to identify and eliminate the source of the contamination. Finally, if the victims were exposed through ingestion, then consider the possibility that secondary exposure will occur during gastric lavage.  (+info)

Chemical-biological terrorism and its impact on children. (2/12)

Children remain potential victims of chemical or biological terrorism. In recent years, children have even been specific targets of terrorist acts. Consequently, it is necessary to address the needs that children would face after a terrorist incident. A broad range of public health initiatives have occurred since September 11, 2001. Although the needs of children have been addressed in many of them, in many cases, these initiatives have been inadequate in ensuring the protection of children. In addition, public health and health care system preparedness for terrorism has been broadened to the so-called all-hazards approach, in which response plans for terrorism are blended with plans for a public health or health care system response to unintentional disasters (eg, natural events such as earthquakes or pandemic flu or manmade catastrophes such as a hazardous-materials spill). In response to new principles and programs that have appeared over the last 5 years, this policy statement provides an update of the 2000 policy statement. The roles of both the pediatrician and public health agencies continue to be emphasized; only a coordinated effort by pediatricians and public health can ensure that the needs of children, including emergency protocols in schools or child care centers, decontamination protocols, and mental health interventions, will be successful.  (+info)

Emergency preparedness among people living near US army chemical weapons sites after September 11, 2001. (3/12)

We examined trust in the army and perceptions of emergency preparedness among residents living near the Anniston, Ala, and Richmond, Ky, US Army chemical weapons stockpile sites shortly after September 11, 2001. Residents (n = 655) living near the 2 sites who participated in a cross-sectional population were relatively unprepared in the event of a chemical emergency. The events of September 11 gave rise to concerns regarding the security of stored chemical weapons and the sites' vulnerability to terrorist attacks. Although residents expressed trust in the army to manage chemical weapons safely, only a few expressed a desire to actively participate in site decisions. Compliance with procedures during emergencies could be seriously limited, putting residents in these sites at higher levels of risk of exposure to chemical hazards than nonresidents.  (+info)

Bromine--the red cloud approaching. (4/12)

Bromine is a strong and prevalent irritating agent that can spread both as liquid and as fumes. It has a characteristic reddish-brown color. The mainstay of the medical management is supportive and symptomatic therapy that should be given as soon as possible to prevent further damage. Medical personnel, especially the emergency department staff, should be familiar with its health effects, including the safety precautions needed when caring for casualties following such an exposure.  (+info)

Osmium tetroxide: a new kind of weapon. (5/12)

OsO4 is a powerful oxidizer. It affects mainly the skin and mucous membranes. Although unsuitable for a large-scale terrorist attack, mainly due to its scarcity, it could be used in small-scale attacks. The small quantity contained in a vial would cause irritation to the eyes, nose, throat and skin. Combining the agent with an explosive material will probably destroy most of it, chemically. Thus, releasing the chemical without using explosives may be considerably more dangerous. Medical management is mainly symptomatic. As soon as the chemical enters the body, it rapidly reacts with the tissues in contact. Medical personnel should be aware of its poisonous effects and be equally familiar with the necessary self-protection measures and the treatment protocols.  (+info)

A rapid, cost-effective method for analyzing organophosphorus pesticide metabolites in human urine for counter-terrorism response. (6/12)

Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are used as insecticides in agriculture and pest control and are often called "junior strength" nerve agents because they share the same mechanism of toxicity. OP pesticides are metabolized to dialkylphosphates and other metabolites, which are excreted in urine. In case of a terrorism incident involving widely available OP pesticides, an occurrence that may be likely given their widespread availability, a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective method for detecting exposure is required. We have evaluated several analytical methods to determine the most reliable and cost-effective methods for incident response. Our comparisons have included different internal standards (isotopically labeled standards versus chemically similar surrogate standards), different isolation techniques (some of which are automatable), and different analysis platforms. We found that isotopically labeled standards were a necessity to provide accurate quantification; the chemically similar surrogate was not suitable as an internal standard. The most sensitive and precise method uses isotopically labeled standards with gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. However, the most cost-effective method employed isotopically labeled standards with gas chromatography-single quadrupole-mass spectrometry using a less expensive mass selective detector. Because this method is lower in cost, it may be a more viable option for equipping multiple laboratories with chemical-terrorism response capabilities.  (+info)

Hydrazine--the space era agent. (7/12)

Hydrazine is considered a dangerous toxic compound. It is flammable, easily ignitable and may explode upon contact with different materials, including clothing. As a volatile liquid, it affects mainly the upper respiratory tract, mucous membranes and skin. The characteristics and availability of this agent warrant our attention. Medical personnel should be familiar with its properties, major health effects and the treatment needed. The key principles in treating hydrazine victims include protection from further exposure and aggressive antidotal treatment with pyridoxine (vitamin B6), as well as supportive treatment as required. Finally, medical teams should also be equipped with the proper protection measures (appropriate suits, gloves and breathing apparatuses) in order to avoid secondary exposure of themselves and others.  (+info)

Medical management of toxicological mass casualty events. (8/12)

The relative accessibility to various chemical agents, including chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial compounds, places a toxicological mass casualty event, including chemical terrorism, among the major threats to homeland security. TMCE represents a medical and logistic challenge with potential hazardous exposure of first-response teams. In addition, TMCE poses substantial psychological and economic impact. We have created a simple response algorithm that provides practical guidelines for participating forces in TMCE. Emphasis is placed on the role of first responders, highlighting the importance of early recognition of the event as a TMCE, informing the command and control centers, and application of appropriate self-protection. The medical identification of the toxidrome is of utmost importance as it may dictate radically different approaches and life-saving modalities. Our proposed emergency management of TMCE values the "Scoop & Run" approach orchestrated by an organized evacuation plan rather than on-site decontamination. Finally, continuous preparedness of health systems - exemplified by periodic CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radio-Nuclear) medical training of both first responders and hospital staff, mandatory placement of antidotal auto-injectors in all ambulances and CBRN emergency kits in the emergency departments - would considerably improve the emergency medical response to TMCE.  (+info)

Early detection of and response to biological or chemical terrorism are crucial. Without special preparation at the local and state levels, a large-scale attack with variola virus, aerosolized anthrax spores, a nerve gas, or a foodborne biological or chemical agent could overwhelm the local and perhaps national public health infrastructure. Large numbers of patients, including both infected persons and the worried well, would seek medical attention, with a corresponding need for medical supplies, diagnostic tests, and hospital beds. Emergency responders, health-care workers, and public health officials could be at special risk, and everyday life would be disrupted as a result of widespread fear of contagion. Preparedness for terrorist-caused outbreaks and injuries is an essential component of the U.S. public health surveillance and response system, which is designed to protect the population against any unusual public health event (e.g., influenza pandemics, contaminated municipal water ...
Broadly speaking, a chemical weapon is a weapon that is based on exposing your enemies to toxic or irritating chemicals. I will explain how to...
Information on arsenic, a potential agent for chemical terrorism. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Dr. Chuck Missler explores these and other questions below concerning this climactic Fourth Horsemen and the unique role it plays in the End-Time Scenario: Why are previously conquered diseases now making a comeback? How real is the threat of biological terrorism? Why is it more dangerous than chemical terrorism? Was t
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Information on vesicants -- potential agents for chemical terrorism. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
We have a significant interest in the role that these colloidal dispersions can play in mediating solvent properties for enhancing separation and reaction processes in the chemical, metallurgical and biochemical industries. A major thrust of our research program, thus, is to explore novel techniques to optimize solvents for specific applications, and to characterize them in terms of the fundamental molecular processes responsible for the solvation properties of the structured solvents. The primary emphasis is on colloidal surfactant and polymer aggregates such as micelles and reversed micelles which provide a nonisotropic, microstructured environment for the selective interaction with targeted solutes in an otherwise homogeneous macrophase. We have, for instance, used reversed micelles to solubilize polar solutes such as proteins and amino acids in organic solvent extractants, block copolymer micelles for the removal of trace contaminants from surface and groundwaters, and two-phase aqueous ...
Dr Darrell Patterson, from the Universitys Department of Chemical Engineering, used waste mussel shells to create what is claimed to be a cheaper and more environmentally friendly way of treating waste water, which could then be used to remove substances including hormones, pharmaceuticals or fertilisers.. Traditional wastewater treatment broadly involves the removal of any solids and oils; then the filtering and degradation of the biological content of the sewage, which is derived from human waste, food waste, soaps and detergent.. Finally a tertiary treatment is used to further improve the quality of the water before it is released. There are different methods of tertiary treatment, and one of the most effective is the photocatalysis of water to remove any final trace contaminants.. This process normally uses titanium dioxide which is expensive. By replacing this with hydroxyapatite (a material containing calcium that is derived from seashells), Dr Patterson is aiming to significantly reduce ...
a) It is deceptive to misrepresent, directly or by implication, that a product, package, or service is free of, or does not contain or use, a substance. Such claims should be clearly and prominently qualified to the extent necessary to avoid deception. (b) A truthful claim that a product, package, or service is free of, or does not contain or use, a substance may nevertheless be deceptive if: (1) The product, package, or service contains or uses substances that pose the same or similar environmental risks as the substance that is not present; or (2) The substance has not been associated with the product category. (c) Depending on the context, a free-of or does-not-contain claim is appropriate even for a product, package, or service that contains or uses a trace amount of a substance if: (1) The level of the specified substance is no more than that which would be found as an acknowledged trace contaminant or background level 47; ...
Article: Islamic Terrorism Has an Advocate in the Oval Office - John Boltons ascent to one of the most important positions in government and Donald Trumps decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), or Iran nuclear deal, have allowed an avowed terrorist group -- and its cult-like leader -- to take on a position of authority in Washington and in American foreign policy.
Nearly a decade ago, now-Nobel laureates Craig Mello and Andrew Fire discovered that they could insert short RNA molecules into worms and shut down specific genes
This training program is designed to accomplish the specific levels of training required for maritime personnel to perform security searches, screenings and sweeps as required by the MTSA, ISPS and other maritime security regulations.. Price: $350.00 ...
by Webmaster May 12, 2014 4:02 pm Accurate forensic have assisted in the solving of many murder cases. This breakthrough in using technology to break down all clues has led to the capture of elusive criminals. But is there ways to eliminate a target without leaving any traces of DNA behind? The answer is yes!…
We are 100% Listener & User supported!! Every little bit helps us continue. Donations help fund the site and keep all the free information on it. Thanks in advance and KEEP UP THE FIGHT!!!. ...
Easy to use, cost-effective methods and devices for evaluating and treating stress and thereby disorders caused or exacerbated by stress are provided. More particularly methods and devices for identifying RSA waves during respiration which provide a subject with near real-time RSA wave information are provided. This information can be used in biofeedback settings to assist subjects in reducing levels of stress by achieving rhythmic breathing patterns.
Up to 11 suspected leading members of a banned neo-Nazi group have been arrested in a series of counter terrorism dawn raids across the country.
Real IRA leader Michael McKevitt was sentenced to 20 years behind bars today. He is the first man to be convicted of directing terrorism in the Irish Republic
A major problem is that even if ISIS is completely wiped out, many of their supporters will still be performing acts of terrorism in the...
Information on arsenic, a potential agent for chemical terrorism. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
R&D Team: Dr. Kevin Wang1, Dr. Weihong Tan2, Dr. Firas Kobeissy1, Dr. Stephen Larner3.. 1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Chemistry, 3Banyan Biomarkers, Inc.. Opportunity and Impact: The development of a novel nano-biosensor-based handheld point-of-care (POC) analyzer for the ultra-sensitive detection of brain injury biomarkers in human biofluids as a result of physical trauma, blast injury or act of biological or chemical terrorism. Currently, no rapid POC device exists that is capable of detecting acute brain injury biomarkers in human biofluid such as blood. About 1.5 million patients each year (USA) suffer from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and another 500,000 suffer a stroke, consequently there is a tremendous need and opportunity for a device that will give doctors and emergency personnel a tool that can quickly assess the extent of injury. In addition, there is appreciable amount of interest from the Department of Defense (DoD) since TBIs now make up about 2/3 of the war ...
Both Ozone and UV are well recognized methods for municipal drinking water treatment and disinfection. Each can be used for the inactivation of viruses, giardia, cryptospordium, bacteria and other microbial contaminants. While UV is limited to disinfection, ozone is also an effective treatment for taste, odor and color removal, iron and manganese reduction, as well as being a flocculating agent. Ozone and/or UV require a relatively short residence times for disinfection unlike chemicals such as chlorine and chlorine derivatives.. Drinking water is treated to kill or inactivate any pathogenic micro-organisms such as viruses, bacteria and parasites, to remove inorganic and organic trace contaminants which have found their way into the water system because of pollution and to reduce the naturally occurring organic compounds such as humic acid and algal metabolites. In general, surface waters such as lakes and rivers contain higher levels of micro-organisms and are more prone to contamination than ...
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a type of mass spectrometry that is highly sensitive. It can see a range of metals and several non-metals at concentrations below one part in 1012 (part per trillion). It is based on hooking together an inductively coupled plasma as a method of producing ions (ionization) with a mass spectrometer as a method of separating and detecting the ions. Many chemists use Argon as a carrier gas to make the plasma. The machine sends the sample ions through a series of small cones. The cones let the plasma ions slowly enter the vacuum chamber of the mass spectrometer. In trace elemental analysis, the method has advantages of high speed, precision and sensitivity compared to atomic absorption techniques. Analysis of lower concentrations at the same time is more prone to disruption by trace contaminants in labware and reagents used. Some analytes can not work with ICP-MS. Verification of analysis results requires additional work. The variety of ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about terrorism at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about terrorism easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Get information, facts, and pictures about terrorism at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about terrorism easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Article: Confusion At Official Level Strengthening Terrorism - Confusion still persists in the tribal areas situated on Pak-Afghan border as on the one hand the US military has been saying that Al-Qaeda terrorists have been hiding there, but on the other hand US officials have been showering praises on the controlling authority of tribal areas for their war against terrorism. The US ambassador has held a meeting with the NWFP governor and discussed with him the tribal areas situation.
While there have not been any successful acts of terrorism committed in South Carolina in recent years, the state has many critical and high-profile facilities, high concentrations of population and other potentially-attractive venues for terrorist activity that are inherently vulnerable to a variety of terrorist methods.
Living in the Brazos Valley does not mean were immune to a terrorist attack. In fact, many experts believe our region is actually more vulnerable to a specific type of terrorism, one that could have a devastating, long-term effect.
GLOBAL WAR AND TERRORISM. The 21st Century is characterised by an unprecedented interconnectivity of nations, people and information: Globalization. With the economic and social benefits that flow from this process also come significant changes and threats to our security.. Political instability and radicalism, once understood as confined to historically volatile regions of the world now directly impact our lives at home. For companies and organisations operating on a global scale, the management of political and security risks poses substantial and complex challenges.. Faced with these demands, a companys prime focus is on their key asset: their workforce.. Finding an all-encompassing insurance solution delivering Death and Disability cover for a multinational workforce in high-risk territories compounds their challenge.. Many Insurers have traditionally been reluctant to provide cover that addresses these needs. Willis Accident and Health Team have devised a tailor-made insurance product, ...
SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) - A terrorism suspect from California who was arrested near the Canadian border in Washington state and charged with attempting to tr...
The former Israeli prime minister outlines the critical steps needed to eradicate the threat of terrorism. Whats at stake is nothing less than the survival of Western civilization.
US experts were pondering on the safety of food imported into US from developing countries. In lieu of this thought process, a new trend has emerged in America of preferring locally produced food. This trend is affecting Wal Mart and Whole Foods too. It has been observed that when food travels far, the local community are the least benefitted out of the exports. But the trend to grow more locally will seriously affect nations that depend largely on agricultural exports. | Does US face agricultural terrorism?
The Western Jihadism Project is a unique multi-media archive of quantitative and qualitative data recording the growth of Jihadism in Western Europe, North America, and Australia since the early 1990s. The data collection now comprises records for terrorism offenders from 20 countries.. The collection provides individual-level data for analyzing the demography of homegrown terrorism and micro data for charting the transnational networks responsible for the development of the Western branches of Al Qaedas transnational political organization since the early 1990s.. The premise behind the project was formulated a decade ago. Globalization has facilitated the transformation of Islamist extremism into a new type of globalist terrorist movement that cannot be controlled by the means that Western governments used to control domestic terrorism. Ten years on, the mechanisms of the Western homegrown movement inspired by Al Qaeda and its cells and counter-cultural groups and the globalist Islamist ...
Any home-grown terrorist forfeits his legal rights by signing up with a declared enemy of the US. Once he establishes sides with a well-known enemy of the country, he/she become a war-time combatant, and, as a result, can be captured or killed on...
via Armies of Liberation , The letter is also available on scribd and was sent to the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, and the Pre ...
Thats not true. Seven and I agree, but for all I know he could be some AI program written by a person that makes posts. Wayne and I agree. I know for a fact that he is a person, although there is the possibility of him really being a T-850 terminator cyborg sent back in time from the future to kill John Connor. After all, he did come back (to Envirolink), did he not ...
Thats not true. Seven and I agree, but for all I know he could be some AI program written by a person that makes posts. Wayne and I agree. I know for a fact that he is a person, although there is the possibility of him really being a T-850 terminator cyborg sent back in time from the future to kill John Connor. After all, he did come back (to Envirolink), did he not ...
President Obama entered office hoping to displace the global war on terrorism with a new age of engagement, thereby replacing fear with hope and relinquishing terrorism as the centerpiece of U.S. foreign policy.
This month, explore one states effort to transform the way its parole system works, examine Europes vulnerability to the terrorism threat and learn about the rise of drug-resistant superbugs.
Are part of me feels that the hatchery is nothing short of environmental terrorism...but it is easy to forget that these fish have no business being here when that line starts singing off the reel or when your son is posing for a picture with a big smile ...
The National Counter Terrorism Authority will make its Sindh office functional in the next two weeks with the aim to connect all law-enforcement agencies operating in the province with the federal...
This thesis consists of three chapters. In chapter 1, I survey the existing work in the discipline of terrorism and conclude that terrorism is determined by multiple socio-economic factors and impacts the economic and political climate. In chapter 2, we analyse whether ethnic tensions contribute to the incidence of domestic terrorism, using a panel of 56 developing countries from 1997 to 2013, and estimate a zero-inflated negative binomial model. The results document that higher ethnic tensions are significantly associated with a higher incidence of domestic terrorist attacks, and related casualties. In chapter 3, we investigate whether the public order and safety spending (POS) has an association with the incidence of domestic terrorism, using a panel of 52 developing countries from 1997 to 2012, and estimate a Tobit model. We conclude that POS is not associated with the occurrence of domestic terrorist incidents, but has a significant association with related casualties ...
Poetic Terrorism is a kind of performative act of rejecting a social stigma of obedience and moral righteousness that seems to be ever so vigilant in rural communities; for every bar there is church, and sometimes we can confuse the two... Poetic Terrorism is simply a thread of art production taken brazenly from the text of Hakim Bey and in a way reforming that single idea and remorphing it for an audience that may not have a conscious awareness of zines, art, and poetry. Poetic Terrorism is now out of print, variants may be produced in the future... but its primary mission has been absorbed by the new zine Polvo. ...
The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency marked the elimination of the last VX nerve-agent munitions from its stockpiles Dec. 24 with destruction of the last land mine containing VX at the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Anniston, Ala. "I commend Anniston and all CMA destruction sites on this extraordinary achievement. By destroying the VX agent at each of CMAs destruction sites, you have made the world a much safer place," said Conrad Whyne, director of CMA. The ANCDF Site Project Manager Timothy K. Garrett, declared, "We have reached a truly remarkable milestone following more than five years of deliberate, but careful operations. All nerve-agent munitions - those containing GB and those containing VX -have been safely processed." CMA personnel and contractors have destroyed the VX nerve-agent munitions at six disposal sites: Anniston, Ala.; Umatilla, Ore.; Newport, Ind.; Pine Bluff, Ark.; Tooele, Utah; and Johnston Island approximately 800 miles southwest of Hawaii. CMA continues ...
Guidance on creating, and implementing "crisis standards of care" is the subject of important recent reports from the US Institute of Medicine. "Crisis standards of care" recommendations for radiation mass casualty events will need to address use of triage, diagnostic and treatment protocols, populations monitoring, and supportive care. ...
This is a nationally recognized program designed to teach non-medical people, the everyday members of the community, the importance of stopping hemorrhage.. The multiple public tragedies that have occurred in the past few years throughout the U.S. have motivated the Hartford Consensus to bring together leaders from law enforcement, the federal government, and the medical community to improve survival rates from manmade or natural mass casualty events. This inspired us to take part in the cause. "Stop the Bleed" is a nationally recognized program designed to teach non-medical people, the everyday members of the community, the importance of stopping hemorrhage. In addition, it teaches the skills necessary to control and if possible, stop bleeding in people with traumatic injuries.. The goal of this training is to provide an immediate response to bleeding when trained responders or a first aid kit is not available. There are numerous reasons why everyone at any organization should make a priority ...
Alert Americans found out about crisis actors because of the Sandy Hook false flag of December 14, 2012 -- professional actors who simulate, i.e., pretend to be victims or bystanders or even perpetrators in mass casualty events. Not only are there crisis actors, there are even amputee crisis actors! We also know that there
Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Preparedness and Response for the Primary Care Physician Ebook PDFRead Now http://bit.ly/2aBG94q
Discussion. Burns , 20% TBSA are considered "severe" in the setting of a mass casualty incident, and seven patients admitted to VABS as a result of the bushfires had what is defined as a severe burn injury. To put this in context, an average of 35 patients a year in the state of Victoria received burns of , 20% TBSA in the years 2000-2006.15. The requirement for ICU beds when treating burn patients is frequently the limiting factor in the acute response to mass casualty incidents,16 as patients with airway injury or extensive burns necessitating large doses of opiates for analgesia require intubation and ventilation. The acute creation of 10 additional ICU ventilator beds at The Alfred has been documented elsewhere.1. Disaster plans focus on the triage and distribution of casualties to hospitals. While it has been increasingly recognised in recent years that burns patients require large amounts of resources - human, infrastructural and consumable - what this actually means in terms of capacity ...
Telephone Tap Detector, Terror Alert System, United States, Terrorism, Domestic (United States), Terrorism, Intelligence Based Threat and Risk Assessments, Terrorism, Philosophical and Ideological Origins, Terrorism Risk Insurance, Terrorist and Para-State Organizations, Terrorist Organization List, United States, Terrorist Organizations, Freezing of Assets, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, etc…
Telephone Tap Detector, Terror Alert System, United States, Terrorism, Domestic (United States), Terrorism, Intelligence Based Threat and Risk Assessments, Terrorism, Philosophical and Ideological Origins, Terrorism Risk Insurance, Terrorist and Para-State Organizations, Terrorist Organization List, United States, Terrorist Organizations, Freezing of Assets, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, etc…
The killing of an al-Qaida chemical weapons expert has dealt a heavy blow to the terrorist groups ambitions to build weapons of mass destruction, a former CIA case officer says.
Swine flu is a greater threat to Britain than terrorism, said Alan Johnson, the Home Secretary, as pregnant women were advised to avoid unneccessary travel.
This toolkit helps communities bring key partners together to review existing emergency plans, initiate or continue developing a victim assistance plan for responding to mass violence and terrorism, and establish and follow victim assistance protocols, which can greatly enhance response and recovery efforts.
A new study of over 17,000 Israelis has found that long-term exposure to the threat of terrorism can elevate peoples resting heart rates and increase their risk of dying. The researchers suggest that since changes in heart rate are easy to follow, the findings may help identify asymptomatic people who could benefit from prevention measures that limit increases in cardiovascular mortality risk.
Terrorism, Economic Development, and Political Openness, Edited by Philip Keefer, Norman Loayza, 9780521887588, Cambridge University Press
Egypt established a national council for combating terrorism on Wednesday, giving it broad authority to set policies aimed at fighting extremism, a presidential decree stated.
National Security Emergencies In addition to the natural and technological hazards described in this publication, people all over the world face threats posed by hostile governments or extremist groups. These threats to national security include acts of terrorism and acts of war. The following is general information about national security emergencies. Terrorism Terrorism is the…
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Salah Abdeslam, the primary suspect linked to last years Paris attacks, was charged with terrorism-related offenses a day after his capture.
I was relieved to be back home in the United States two days before TV stations started to broadcast the news of airport confusion this week. For the first time I suddenly felt compelled to go check my personal
As a point of comparison one should look to the screenplay editions that Whitehead published under his Lorrimer imprint between 1966 and 1969 as opposed to para-texts such as And Death. In particular his edition of Jean-Luc Goddards Alphaville published in 1966 places the screenplay alongside Godards original treatment. Whitehead is credited with the translation and also the "description of the action", because although he paid Godard for the rights to produce a book, Godard had no actual screenplay to offer him. After making the deal Whitehead had to sit with a print of the film and produce his own version. The situation was much the same for the Terrorism screenplay. Although (as the dossier included in this volume indicates) Whitehead produced a wide range of drafts and outlines, the film was not made in accordance with a pre-written text. Much of the dialogue was improvised between the various participants and Whitehead developed scenes in situ. Terrorism is also a film that found its form ...
British Transport Secretary Geoff Hoon has been saying some worrisome things about terrorism, security, and civil liberties. He is backing a plan to create a massive database of mobile and internet communications, for purposes of fighting terrorism. One worrisome aspect
GenElute Plasmid Miniprep Kit offers a simple, rapid, and cost-effective method for isolating up to 20 µg plasmid DNA from E. coli cultures.
You may wonder why I have written about this in such minute detail. I want people to read this and understand that many, many, Muslims, and even non Muslims, are being arrested under the terrorism act...
Paris will spend nearly $500 million to expand security forces and reduce planned military cuts in order to boost fight against terrorism
VI. How are chemical weapons destroyed?. I. What are chemical weapons?. A chemical weapon is any toxic chemical that can cause death, injury, incapacitation, and sensory irritation, deployed via a delivery system, such as an artillery shell, rocket, or ballistic missile. Chemical weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction and their use in armed conflict is a violation of international law.. Primary forms of chemical weapons include nerve agents, blister agents, choking agents, and blood agents. These agents are categorized based on how they affect the human body.. Nerve agents. Generally considered the most deadly of the different categories of chemical weapons, nerve agents - in liquid or gas form - can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Nerve agents inhibit the bodys respiratory and cardiovascular capability by causing severe damage to the central nervous system, and can result in death. The most common nerve agents include Sarin, Soman, and VX.. Blister agents. Blister agents ...
As of mid-2017 there were two sites in America still storing chemical weapons. The Pueblo Chemical Depot was expected to complete the destruction by 2019, while the Blue Grass Army Depot was scheduled to start its stockpile s destruction in 2020. The United States began its own destruction process unilaterally in 1990, seven years before the CWC s entry into force, and announced late in 2011 that it had completed 90% destruction of its original 31,500 US tons (28,577 MTs) of stockpiled chemical weapons at seven of its nine declared stockpile sites. The US missed the Chemical Weapons Convention s 29 April 2012 deadline, and at that time it appeared the US would need another decade or more to complete the task.. Further to a decision by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Conference at its Sixteenth Session (C-16/DEC.11), a national paper by the United States of America on the progress made on the completion of the destruction of its chemical weapons, including ...
Synonyms for Chemical weapons in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Chemical weapons. 1 synonym for chemical warfare: chemical operations. What are synonyms for Chemical weapons?
Third, freezing would reduce both the ambient vapor pressure of the agent (so agent spread would be limited) and the chance of liquid spills in the agent accessing area. Fourth, if the floor of the freezing and agent accessing area is a welded, seamless sheet of stainless steel, this sheet could be removed at closure, cut up, and processed through the MPF. The Stockpile Committee is preparing a report for release in 2001 on the ongoing closure activities for JACADS. This report could provide useful guidance to the Army for making timely closure decisions regardless of the technology selected for implementation at Pueblo. Second, there are no agent pipes, pumps, or storage tanks. Third, freezing would reduce both the ambient vapor pressure of the agent (so agent spread would be limited) and the chance of liquid spills in the agent accessing area. Fourth, if the floor of the freezing and agent accessing area is a welded, seamless sheet of stainless steel, this sheet could be removed at closure, ...
Biodosimetry is a method for measuring the dose of radiation to individuals using biological markers such as chromosome damage. Following mass casualty events, it is important to provide this information rapidly in order to assist with the medical management of potentially exposed casualties. Currently, the gold standard for biodosimetry is the dicentric chromosome assay, which accurately estimates the dose from the number of dicentric chromosomes in lymphocytes. To increase throughput of analysis following a largescale mass casualty event, this assay has been adapted for use on the imaging flow cytometer. This chapter describes the methods for the identification and quantification of mono-and multicentric chromosomes using the imaging flow cytometer.. ...
Every health system faces variable demand on its resources. In addition to a long-term increase in patient volume, there may be short-term increases in demand for emergency healthcare services, or "surge."1 When the primary healthcare and outpatient systems are not functioning effectively, the EDs become the destination for patients who have no other access to primary healthcare.2. A number of actions can be taken to manage a catastrophic surge. These include discharging stable ED and inpatients, cancelling elective surgeries, opening alternate care areas, and calling in standby or off-duty staff. For such a system to work effectively, a clear plan must define who has authority to initiate such a cascade. In addition, the trigger points that activate these costly measures should be specified. The activation of a local or regional disaster plan may have residual health service delivery implications for days or longer. These measures, however, have not been rigorously investigated or consistently ...
1. Understanding a New National priority: 9/11, Homeland Security, and Emergency Management 1. 2. Identifying Terrorism: Ideologically Motivated Acts of Violence 25. 3. Recognizing the Causes of Terrorism: Differing Perspectives and the Role of Ideology 41. 4. Comprehending Terrorists and Their Behavior: Who They are and What They Do 63. 5. Uncovering the Dynamic Nature of Terrorism: History and Change over Time 87. 6. Evaluating a Major Dilemma: Terrorism, the Media, and Censorship 107. 7. Contemplating a Quandary: Terrorism, Security, andLiberty 125. 8. Preventing Terrorist Attacks: Root Causes, Law, Intelligence, Counter-terrorism, and Border Control 141. 9. Protecting against Potential Attacks: Threat Assessment and Security Enhancement 177. 10. Preparing for the Unthinkable: Readiness for Terrorism 201. 11. Responding to Attacks: Important Functions and Coordination Mechanisms 229. 12. Recovering from Impacts: Short-term and Long-term Measures 257. 13. Looking toward the Future: Forthcoming ...
Public Release: 7-Jun-2017 American Chemical Society IMAGE: A new fabric coating could neutralize chemical weapons and help save countless lives. Credit: Credit: American Chemical Society Click here to download the image. Chemical weapons are nightmarish. In a millisecond, they can kill hundreds, if not thousands. But, in a study published in the ACS…
Mass Casualty/Preventable Deaths/Bleeds/ Tourniquets - posted in Survival / First Aid: Hi Folks, I wanted to address things that you might find in a dealing with a mass casualty event like the recent Paris attacks. In such an event where so many people are injured, dying and dead the regular local emergency services will absolutely be overwhelmed. So for every prepared citizen and I consider anyone involved in EDC to be a prepared citizens by the nature of what EDC is. We nee...
A major concern during manned spaceflight is the quality of the cabin atmosphere. In particular, the crew could be endangered by the uncontrolled accumulation of gaseous trace contaminants arising, for example, from off-gassing (from structural materials, electronic equipment or materials used in experiments, etc.), from system failures (leaks, equipment over-heating, fires, etc.), or from the crew itself (metabolic products). To ensure a safe atmosphere at all times, these trace gases need to be monitored and controlled so that they remain below certain safe limits. These limits are known as SMAC Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentration values and have been defined as a result of medical considerations, previous space-flight experience and analogous terrestrial experiences such as in submarines and during saturation diving. SMAC values vary considerably according to the chemical compound considered but, within a normal atmosphere, they are typically measured in parts per million (ppm) or even ...
Terrorism? Which Terrorism? In the wake of the terrorist attack on American icons of financial and military might our government began beating war drums while the pied pipers of the Pinocchio press lead us off to a war against terrorism. Why were we attacked? many small voices from the wilderness of citizenry want to know. If you will notice, the pied pipers skillfully avoid asking our government to answer this simple and logical question. Why? Because to ask why leads to another question: What has our government done to cause so many of our countrymen to be killed? By Hari Heath What is the history of our national foreign policy that has led up to such death and destruction? Let us begin in our own homeland and how we acquired it. We celebrate Thanksgiving in remembrance of the native people who brought the early colonists food for the winter which made their continued existence possible. How have we repaid such generosity? The Trail of Tears forcibly evicted the Cherokee people from their ...
FBI Chemical Weapons Awareness Campaign - Pool, spa and hot tub professionals work with chemicals on a regular basis. Some of these chemicals may be of interest to people intent on creating destructive weapons.
Broadcast: August 15, 2003 This is the VOA Special English Environment Report. In the United States, the Army has started to destroy old chemical weapons at a base in the southern state of Alab...
A U.S. State Department cable indicated the Syrian military likely used chemical weapons last month in a deadly attack in Homs, The Cable magazine reported.
In my 2005 Online Journal article, The AIDS virus: Made in the USA?, I reported that "Dr. Robert Strecker indicated that the AIDS virus was in fact developed by the National Cancer Institute, in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO), in a laboratory at Ft. Detrick in Maryland. From 1970-74, this laboratory facility was part of the U.S. Armys germ warfare unit, known as the Army Infectious Disease Unit, or Special Operations Division, also referred to as the Armys Chemical and Biological Warfare Laboratory. Post 1974, the facility was renamed the National Cancer Institute (NCI). According to researcher William Cooper (former Navy Intelligence officer), noted in Larry Jamisons article Is The AIDS Virus Man Made?, this work was supervised by the CIA under a project called MK-NAOMI. [To get to this site click link, then "All News," then "Next page ...
4. A report raising the question of serious poisoning of horses and cattle in this area. The New Jersey farmers waited until the war was over, then sued du Pont and the Manhattan Project for fluoride damage - reportedly the first lawsuits against the U.S. A-bomb program. Although seemingly trivial, the lawsuits shook the government, the secret documents reveal. Under the personal direction of Manhattan Project chief Major General Leslie R. Groves, secret meetings were convened in Washington, with compulsory attendance by scores of scientists and officials from the U.S. War Department, the Manhattan Project, the Food and Drug Administration, the Agriculture and Justice Departments, the U.S Armys Chemical Warfare Service and Edgewood Arsenal, the Bureau of Standards, and du Pont lawyers. Declassified memos of the meetings reveal a secret mobilization of the full forces of the government to defeat the New Jersey farmers: These agencies are making scientific investigations to obtain evidence ...
John Howard Northrop (* 5. Juli 1891 in Yonkers, New York; † 27. Mai 1987 in Wickenburg, Arizona) war ein US-amerikanischer Biochemiker. Northrop wurde als Sohn von John I. geboren, welcher Zoologe und Lehrer an der Columbia University war. Seine Mutter Alice R. Northrop war Lehrerin der Botanik am Hunter College. John I. starb zwei Wochen vor der Geburt seines Sohnes an einer Explosion im Labor. John Howard studierte an der Columbia University, wo er 1915 in Chemie promoviert wurde. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges forschte er für die U.S. Army Chemical Warfare Service an der Erzeugung von Aceton und Ethanol durch Fermentation. In 1929 isolierte Northrop Pepsin.[1] und ordnete es den Proteinen zu. Im Jahr 1938 isolierte und charakterisierte er als Erster Bakteriophagen und bestimmte sie als Nukleoproteine. Weiterhin isolierte und kristallisierte Northrop das Pepsinogen (das Proenzym des Pepsins), das Trypsin, das Chymotrypsin und die Carboxypeptidase. Im Jahr 1932 wurde er zum Mitglied der ...
The Public Information Officer is responsible for the coordination of all outside media communications. The Public Information Officer (PIO) will provide information to the news media. The PIO will also oversee the facility Media Center. The Incident Commander will assign the position of Public Information Officer. It is recommended that a team member from Public Relations or another individual experienced in communications fill the position. Should the incident involve more than one hospital in the Lutheran Health Network, the PIO may be at a central location managing the incident with input from all hospitals. The Incident Commander will remain in constant contact with the PIO and determine the information to be released. The Public Information Officer will release any/all information to the press. During a mass casualty event involving more than one hospital, the facility Public Information Officer, as agreed upon in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) agreement, communicates with the ...
From a Denver movie theater, Sandy Hook Elementary, to the Parkland H.S. and many other mass shootings, their is something very fishy involving causation, whether you like it or not! But at Parkland they went too far trying to connect another atrocity to a social or political agenda. For one thing it wouldve just taken one person to stop it beforehand and the right person to entice others to look into another parties involvement. Despite pleas beforehand to look into the shooter, something or someone in many different ways (what happened to H.S. security cams during the shooting, etc.) intervened several times and possibly here as well. If true its making this look even sloppier than the unprecedented chain of events following a mass casualty event by the prearranged cast of upper classmen who couldnt be intimately tied to victims or even involved physically with the shooting, but reacting in concert to the extreme media coverage the day of as if they already had a contract and before the ...
Each act of terrorism is a "performance" devised to affect many large audiences. Terrorists also attack national symbols,[36] to show power and to attempt to shake the foundation of the country or society they are opposed to. This may negatively affect a government, while increasing the prestige of the given terrorist group and/or ideology behind a terrorist act.[37]. Terrorist acts frequently have a political purpose.[38] This is often where the inter-relationship between terrorism and religion occurs. When a political struggle is integrated into the framework of a religious or "cosmic"[39] struggle, such as over the control of an ancestral homeland or holy site such as Israel and Jerusalem, failing in the political goal (nationalism) becomes equated with spiritual failure, which, for the highly committed, is worse than their own death or the deaths of innocent civilians.[40]. Their suffering accomplishes the terrorists goals of instilling fear, getting their message out to an audience or ...
Each act of terrorism is a "performance" devised to affect many large audiences. Terrorists also attack national symbols,[36] to show power and to attempt to shake the foundation of the country or society they are opposed to. This may negatively affect a government, while increasing the prestige of the given terrorist group and/or ideology behind a terrorist act.[37]. Terrorist acts frequently have a political purpose.[38] This is often where the inter-relationship between terrorism and religion occurs. When a political struggle is integrated into the framework of a religious or "cosmic"[39] struggle, such as over the control of an ancestral homeland or holy site such as Israel and Jerusalem, failing in the political goal (nationalism) becomes equated with spiritual failure, which, for the highly committed, is worse than their own death or the deaths of innocent civilians.[40]. Their suffering accomplishes the terrorists goals of instilling fear, getting their message out to an audience or ...
Review of the hardback: Terrorism is a global scourge that can often seem inexplicable. This superb volume, edited by Keefer and Loayza, turns the cold light of social science onto this hottest of topics. The books essays teach us about the organization of terrorist units and the origins of terrorists and the costs of fighting terrorism. I can only hope that political decision-makers, from presidents to ordinary voters, read this book and use its wisdom to make better decisions about how to respond to terror. Edward L. Glaeser, Harvard University. Review of the hardback: Terrorism is one of the greatest challenges the world faces today, but we still do not have a clear idea of the relationships between it and economic development as well as between it and political openness. This book, which includes contributions by many leading authorities on the subject of terrorism, makes a major contribution to clarifying these relationships. It makes two important points: First, contrary to the view ...
The OPCW Laboratory (LAB) is the OPCWs centre of chemical analysis. Its work is key to ensuring correct implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). It works to ensure excellent technical and scientific support to the inspectorate, calibrating and testing analytical equipment and ensuring that inspections are carried out in accordance with the convention. It maintains the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Central Analytical Database (OCAD). Core functions of LAB:. ...
If a nerve agent like Novichok was used here, there are antitodes on hand to save a few of victims. A larger attack would test Canadas readiness.
NOTE: The current information system only became operational in September 2008; all archive material from January 1995 to August 2008 can only be accessed through the Search function ...
Introduction. The Irish Republican Army: Before and After 1968 Nationalist terrorist groups are one of the many forms of terrorism found in modern days. The definition of terrorism is difficult due to its changing nature and the many forms in which terrorism manifests itself as. Nationalist terrorism is one such form. Nationalist terrorism is seen to be practiced by groups of individuals that belong to an organization with a well-defined structure, together with clear political, social or economic objectives and an ideology behind it. There have been quite a number of nationalist terrorist groups. Some of the more well-known ones include the ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna), one of the worlds oldest separatist armed groups seeking an independent socialist Basque state, and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) which would be discussed in more depth in this paper. The IRA has been in existence for decades, during which it has many ups and downs. The main body of this essay would look at the failures of ...
Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/obama-welcomes-russias-proposal-on-syria/2013/09/10/. Scan this QR code to visit this page online ...
There are a few drawbacks to online home evaluations like Zillow's Zestimate. Like, for instance, they can't tell you whether a bomb is buried in a backyard. Sure, it's unlikely an
Preventing Chemical Weapons: Arms Control and Disarmament as the Sciences Conver... Preventing Chemical Weapons: Arms Control and Disarmament as the Sciences Conver... ...
We are profoundly saddened by the lives lost and wish to express our deepest sympathies to the families of terrorism victims and the heroes lost protecting us from terrorists. It is our intent by engraving the names of these victims and heroes on Memorial Bracelets and tags to allow others to honor their memory and to keep them in their thoughts and prayers ...
We are profoundly saddened by the lives lost and wish to express our deepest sympathies to the families of terrorism victims and the heroes lost protecting us from terrorists. It is our intent by engraving the names of these victims and heroes on Memorial Bracelets and tags to allow others to honor their memory and to keep them in their thoughts and prayers ...
After deliberating for more than two days, a jury of nine women and three men dismissed two serious terrorism charges against Jack Thomas, a young Melbourne worker, on February 26. The decision to reject the Howard governments threadbare case, based on confessions made under coercion in a Pakistani jail, reflects underlying resistance to the governments dismantling of basic democratic and legal rights as part of the
Y38.3X1S is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of terrorism involving fires, conflagration and hot substances, public safety official injured, sequela. Code valid for the year 2020
Scripture disallows seeking peace at any price. Some apologists argue that even believers must draw the line somewhere to stand up to the forces of evil. Wherever one stands, Christians need to be pro-active. As Friesen, Langan, and Stassen observe in their introduction to Just Peacemaking: Ten Practices for Abolishing War, "terrorism requires more than an ethic that says terrorism is unjust, it requires an ethic that points to practices that prevent it."[1] Some events create a time for war rather than a time for peace - when it would be un-Christian to not act unspeakably toward someone, perhaps a terrorist or terrorist organization.… Continue reading ...
A stark assessment has found that the American invasion and occupation of Iraq has helped spawn a new generation of Islamic radicalism and that the overall terrorist threat has grown since the Sept. 11 attacks.
"Global Nature of Terrorism Drives Biosurveillance." Archived January 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine American Forces Press ... DHS Chemical and Biological Defense Division. *DHS Office of Health Affairs (National Biosurvelliance Integration Center, ... During the first Gulf War the United Nations activated a biological and chemical response team, Task Force Scorpio, to respond ... Fluctuation-enhanced sensing of biological and chemical agents. *National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC ...
a b c d Puigdomenech, Ignasi Hydra/Medusa Chemical Equilibrium Database and Plotting Software (2004) KTH Royal Institute of ... Glaser, Alexander & von Hippel, Frank N. (February 2006). "Thwarting Nuclear Terrorism". Scientific American. 294 (2): 56-63. ... "History/Origin of Chemicals". NASA. Retrieved 1 January 2013.. *^ E. M. Burbidge; G. R. Burbidge; W. A. Fowler; F. Hoyle (1957 ... Uranium is a chemical element with the symbol U and atomic number 92. It is a silvery-grey metal in the actinide series of the ...
"Investigators Focus Closely on Terrorism As Cause of Explosion: Chemicals Found on Jet Victims, U.S. Reports". The New York ... Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) initiated a parallel criminal investigation.[5] Sixteen months later, the JTTF announced that ...
Krebs, Robert E. (2006). The History and Use of Our Earth's Chemical Elements: A Reference Guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. ... Russell, James A.; Wirtz, James J. (4 December 2009). Globalization and WMD Proliferation: Terrorism, Transnational Networks ...
Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures, CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-420-07654-7. ... "Chemical & Engineering News. American Chemical Society. 96 (12): 3. Pridobljeno dne 28 March 2018.. ... "Chemical Weapons Disarmament in Russia: Problems and Prospects; Dismantling the Soviet/Russian Chemical Weapons Complex: An ... Ellison, D. Hank (2008), Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents (Second izd.), CRC Press, ISBN 978-0-849-31434-6. ...
... in response to use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Civil War. The resolution condemned "any use of any toxic chemical, such ... encouraged to consult appropriate United Nations counter-terrorism and non proliferation bodies, in particular the Security ... sponsors or otherwise involved in the use of chemicals as weapons, including chlorine or any other toxic chemical, in Syria ... Both ISIL and Syrian Government responsible for use of chemical weapons, UN Security Council told, UN News Centre, 7 November ...
Hazardous chemicals, such as paint and gasoline, as well as sharp pointed objects that could be used as weapons, are forbidden. ... and in the wake of greater awareness of terrorism following the September 11 attacks, security has been stepped up on board the ...
Subtitle B: Prevention of Nuclear TerrorismEdit. Section 811 prohibits anyone, knowingly, unlawfully, and with intent to cause ... chemical, or nuclear weapon, or other nuclear explosive device in a manner likely to cause death or serious injury or damage ... 3.8 Title VIII: Safety of Maritime Navigation and Nuclear Terrorism Conventions Implementation *3.8.1 Subtitle A: Safety of ... Providers like AT&T and Verizon would be required to maintain the records and let the NSA search them in terrorism ...
"Bio-terrorism Office Gets a New Director". The New York Times. May 2, 2002. Retrieved October 17, 2018.. ... "The eleventh plague: the politics of biological and chemical warfare" (pp. 84-86) by Leonard A. Cole (1993) ... Its purpose was to coordinate among the government the response to a range of biological terrorism threats.[24] ... and terrorism preparedness. CDC combats emerging diseases and other health risks, including birth defects, West Nile virus, ...
"Terrorism is not just a crime". Patriot Debates. American Bar Association.. *^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107- ... including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training to perform the terrorist act.[91] The INA ... Terrorism is also included in the definition of racketeering.[123] Terms relating to cyber-terrorism are also redefined, ... Terrorism and the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton & ...
"Frequently asked questions regarding the deliberate use of biological agents and chemicals as weapons". WHO.int. World Health ... Shea, Dana A; Gottron, Frank (April 17, 2013). Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism (PDF) (Report). ... Weintraub, Pamela (2002). Bio-Terrorism. Citadel Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0806523989. .. ...
19 November: Reports emerge that Litvinenko has been poisoned with thallium, a chemical element used in the past as a rat ... Greater London's Metropolitan Police Service Terrorism Unit has been investigating the poisoning and death. The head of the ... and the chemical levels of thallium we were able to detect are not the kind of levels you'd see in toxicity."[26] Litvinenko's ... He apparently referred to a recent Russian counter-terrorism law that gives the President the right to order such actions.[93][ ...
Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) - Homeland security laws for chemical storage ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Chemical Regulation: Comparison of U.s. and Recently Enacted European Union Approaches to ... "existing chemicals", while chemicals not listed are referred to as new chemicals.[4] The TSCA defines the term "chemical ... New chemicals were defined as "any chemical substance which is not included in the chemical substance list compiled and ...
... how often the chemical is used, its chemical properties, and its physical processes-the physical state of the chemical is ... such as the development of specific H1N1 flu plans and terrorism-specific plans. ... Chemical exposures[edit]. Hazardous material release[edit]. Chemicals can pose a risk to human health when exposed to humans at ... The chemical released is often toxic and serves no beneficial purpose when released to the environment. These chemicals can be ...
Use of chemical agentsEdit. In 2017, Amnesty International once again criticized the Bolivarian government's usage of chemical ... "terrorism".[136] ... "Venezuela's Maduro blasts foe for chemical attack comments" ...
While considered useless by a conventional military, such a weapon raises concerns over nuclear terrorism. ... the behavior of a certain chemical substance can be followed by tracing the radioactivity. Examples: *Adding a gamma tracer to ... a weapon which utilized fission reactions to generate far more energy than could be created with chemical explosives. The ...
The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) was the first unit to deploy in support of the American War on Terrorism.[58] The ... 20th Chemical Detachment. *181st Military Intelligence Detachment. *406th Army Security Agency Detachment[34] ... counter-terrorism operation against the remnants of al-Qaeda, ISIS-K and other terror groups.[85] Senior leadership referred to ... military and security forces and counter-terrorism operations.[75] This is known in the special operations community as foreign ...
After the September 11 attacks, German-American political relations were strengthened in an effort to combat terrorism, and ... German soldiers operated military biological and chemical cleanup equipment at Camp Doha in Kuwait; German Navy ships secured ...
The National Security Guard (NSG) is an elite counter-terrorism unit under the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was ... chemical, radiological and nuclear material.[50] ... to tackle all facets of terrorism in the country.[14] As a ... "Amit Shah stresses role of NSG in realising Modi's dream of zero tolerance against terrorism". Asianet News Network Pvt Ltd. ... There they began training the Punjab Police in counter-terrorism.[36]. *5 September - 15 January 1988: Guarding of high-risk ...
"Israelis Ponder Blow at Syrians; Some Leaders Decide That Force is the Only Way to Curtail Terrorism Some Israeli Leaders See ... and Chemical Weapons. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8704-8. ...
Feridun, Mete and Sezgin, Selami (2008) "Regional underdevelopment and terrorism: The case of south eastern Turkey." Defence ... "Genocide in Kurdistan? The Suppression of the Dersim Rebellion in Turkey (1937-38) and the Chemical War Against the Iraqi ... also aims at making a contribution towards a better understanding of some economic conditions that are related to terrorism.[82 ... Greenwich seeks to explain the possible role of the regional underdevelopment of South Eastern Turkey in the ensuing terrorism ...
The 9.5 ha of the 13 ha site had been a chemical waste tip, and the remaining 3.5 ha were formerly municipal allotments, to the ... It's a bit like an act of terrorism. There was twenty four hours security here and I haven't heard one single word of criticism ...
The next few years were also slow due to the worldwide economic downturn and the fear of flying brought on by the terrorism on ... machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods. Main import partners ...
"Ushering in the era of nuclear terrorism," by Patterson, Andrew J. MD, PhD, Critical Care Medicine, v. 35, p.953-954, 2007. ... The Kyshtym disaster was a radiation contamination accident (after a chemical explosion that occurred within a storage tank) at ... See also: Nuclear terrorism. The vulnerability of nuclear plants to deliberate attack is of concern in the area of nuclear ... the beginning of an era of nuclear terrorism," according to Andrew J. Patterson.[108] ...
Investment is observed in diverse fields such as paper manufacture, chemicals, computer software, granite processing, ... and has expanded its collaboration with India to fight Islamic terrorism in the Middle East.[15] In January 2006, King Abdullah ... while it imports organic and inorganic chemicals, metal scrap, leather, gold and oil from Saudi Arabia.[19][20] Both nations ... The two countries share similar views on combating terrorism.[8] ... Other chemical goods: $95.3 million. In 2018, the bilateral ...
Chemical compound * sw:Chemical compound. Chemical element * sw:Chemical element. Chemistry * sw:Chemistry. Chess * sw:Chess. ... Terrorism * sw:Ugaidi. Thailand * sw:Thailand. The Art of War * sw:Ufundi wa vita. The Beatles * sw:The Beatles. The Holocaust ...
BOX 5. Chemical agents. Chemical agents that might be used by terrorists range from warfare agents to toxic chemicals commonly ... Enhance epidemiologic capacity for detecting and responding to chemical attacks. *Enhance awareness of chemical terrorism among ... chemical agents already known to be used as weaponry; *availability of chemical agents to potential terrorists; *chemical ... Biological and Chemical Terrorism:Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response. Recommendations of the CDC Strategic Planning ...
Regional pharmaceutical preparation for biological and chemical terrorism.. Mrvos R1, Piposzar JD, Stein TM, Locasto D, ... The poison center serves a number of roles in the surveillance, recognition, and treatment of biological and chemical terrorism ... The United States National Office of Domestic Preparedness has determined that the threat of a biological or chemical attack is ... An important element in a biological or chemical terrorist event is the availability of the pharmaceuticals and the capability ...
Using the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System To Detect Potential Chemical Terrorism Events. ... Objectives: TESS is used to facilitate early detection of illness associated with a chemical release by monitoring daily ... to improve public health surveillance of health hazards associated with chemical exposures. TESS is a national real-time ... illnesses resulting from intentional or unintentional chemical releases that occur at a single site or, potentially, across ...
Chemicals. In recent years, there have been 3 significant changes in the traditional concepts of terrorism involving chemical ... Chemical-Biological Terrorism and Its Impact on Children Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from American ... After events of chemical or biological terrorism, children have a greater risk of both exposure and harm, the result of key ... Overt acts of chemical and biological terrorism such as the sarin release in Tokyo present the challenge of rapidly identifying ...
... and Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Preparedness and Response for the Primary Care Physician Ebook PDFRead Now http://bit.ly/ ... Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Preparedness and Response for the Primary Care Physician Ebook PDF ... Read Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Preparedness and Response for the. ... Read Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Preparedness and Response for the ...
Warfare and Terrorism Agents (used in acts of war or terror). Warfare or terrorism agents are a class that includes chemicals, ... For information on other warfare and terrorism agents, please view the the CDC Chemical Agents page. ...
Protean nature of mass sociogenic illness: from possessed nuns to chemical and biological terrorism fears.. Bartholomew RE1, ... From the early 1980s to the present there has been an increasing presence of chemical and biological terrorism themes, ...
A primary concern relates to biological or chemical threats as part of a war, or by means of terrorism. According to military ... Minimizing Casualties in Biological and Chemical Threats (War and Terrorism). מאמרים , 31/5/2003 , 6,189 ... Therefore, the frontline of detection of biological or chemical terrorism is within the medical system and epidemiological ... DiGiovanni, Clete., (1999). Domestic terrorism with chemical or biological agents: Psychiatric aspects. American Journal of ...
Protecting Israel from Chemical & Biological Terrorism. Worldwide exclusive: A first-ever visit to the Israel Institute for ... Lets get back to the chemical terrorism threat. Can an event like the terrorist attack using Sarin gas in the Japanese ... Shapira also spoke about the threats of chemical, biological and radioactive terrorism and about the Israeli efforts to provide ... We place a major emphasis on solutions to unconventional terrorism threats - mainly chemical and biological." ...
Chapter 2. A Clinical Approach to Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear Terrorism. In: Grey MR, Spaeth KR. Grey M.R., Spaeth K.R. ... "Chapter 2. A Clinical Approach to Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear Terrorism." The Bioterrorism Sourcebook Grey MR, Spaeth KR ... Such a practice is rife with challenges, particularly because the signs and symptoms of the biological and chemical agents are ...
Biological/chemical/radiation/nuclear (4). Terrorism: World Trade Center/other (24). * Total number of MMWR weekly reports = ... and on hazardous chemical incidents in U.S. schools for a six-year period. Certain of these HSEES reports on chemical releases ... Specific Chemicals, Toxins, and Risk Factors. Over the years, MMWR has published reports on the adverse effects of a wide array ... and injuries and illness from incorrectly used pool chemical disinfectants and chloramine vapors. Chemical contamination of ...
Case Definitions for Potential Terrorism Agents: Toxins and Toxicants* Adamsite (Diphenylaminechloroarsine or DM) Clinical ... credible threat of a chemical release or 2) after a known chemical release. The list of chemicals that have the potential for ... In: Disposition of toxic drugs and chemicals in man. 4th ed. Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995:628. ... Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Chemical Casualty Care Division; 2000:19-- ...
chemical in terrorism U01.7 -chemical in war operations Y36.7 -fumes in terrorism (chemical weapons) U01.7 -fumes in war ... chemical (external) (internal) X49.- -in terrorism (chemical weapons) U01.7 -in war operations (chemical weapons) Y36.7 -in ... gas (see also Table of drugs and chemicals) X47.- -in terrorism (chemical weapons) U01.7 -in war operations (chemical weapons) ... in terrorism U01.4 -in war operations Y36.4 -missile -in terrorism - see Terrorism, missile -object -falling -from, in, on -- ...
Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). 1601-AA69. 295. Homeland Security Acquisition Regulation, Enhancement of ... Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). *295. Homeland Security Acquisition Regulation, Enhancement of ... for potential revisions to the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulations. The ANPRM provided an ... to prevent the misappropriation or use of ammonium nitrate in an act of terrorism." DHS intends to publish a notice announcing ...
DHS Publishes Chemicals of Interest List for Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards. ... For more information, see: chemical warfare in World War I.. Chemical warfare was initiated by Germany in 1914, with chlorine ... Use of chemical (and biological) warfare is banned by the 1925 Geneva Protocol [1] The production and proliferation of chemical ... A chemical weapon is a chemical, with a delivery system that can deliver the agent in militarily significant concentrations, ...
Is Terrorism an Existential Threat? This free booklet reveals 10 myths that explain why terrorism is not a threat to our way of ... Are the Dangers in the Chemicals or the Headlines?. by Harriet Hall, M.D. ...
H.R. 2868: The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Regulation. Section 3: Key state laws. *Massachusetts 201 CMR 17 (aka ... H.R. 2868: The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Regulation. What it covers: The CFATS regulation went into effect in ... It imposes federal security regulations for high-risk chemical facilities, requiring covered chemical facilities to prepare ... storing and manufacturing certain chemicals to possibly change processes and the chemicals used. ...
U01.7 Terrorism involving chemical weapons *Gases, fumes, and chemicals *Hydrogen cyanide *Phosgene ... E979.9 Terrorism, secondary effects *Excludes late effects of injury due to terrorism ... E979 Terrorism Injuries resulting from the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or ... U01 Terrorism Includes: Assault-related injuries resulting from the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or ...
Chemical. *Outbreak. *Terrorism. *Emergency Response. Law(s) & Regulation(s). *21st Century Cures Act of 2016 ... may be needed to prevent or treat diseases or conditions caused by chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) or ...
Lombard woman, man charged with attempted terrorism after allegedly making Molotov cocktail ... Negligence suspected in Beirut blast involving chemicals Joe Biden will no longer travel to Milwaukee to accept Democratic ...
Chemical Terrorism Preparedness & Response *ATSDR ToxFAQs. *ATSDR Toxicological Profiles. *EPA Chemical Response [external link ...
Chemical Terrorism Preparedness & Response *ATSDR ToxFAQs. *ATSDR Toxicological Profiles. *EPA Chemical Response [external link ...
Preventing chemical toxic terrorism; how some chemical facilities are removing danger to American communities. Washington, DC: ... Chemicals were ranked by the number of injuries that each chemical caused. The top five chemicals associated with injury were ... These five chemicals were also the top five chemicals released in the top five industries that resulted in injuries (10). To ... Case definition for acute chemical release. An acute chemical release is an uncontrolled or illegal spill or release lasting , ...
Chemical Terrorism Preparedness & Response *ATSDR ToxFAQs. *ATSDR Toxicological Profiles. *EPA Chemical Response [external link ...
  • Medicolegal autopsies are essential for making organism-specific diagnoses in deaths caused by biologic terrorism. (cdc.gov)
  • This report has been created to 1) help public health officials understand the role of ME/Cs in biologic terrorism surveillance and response efforts and 2) provide ME/Cs with the detailed information required to build capacity for biologic terrorism preparedness in a public health context. (cdc.gov)
  • This report provides background information regarding biologic terrorism, possible biologic agents, and the consequent clinicopathologic diseases, autopsy procedures, and diagnostic tests as well as a description of biosafety risks and standards for autopsy precautions. (cdc.gov)
  • Familiarity with the operational, jurisdictional, and evidentiary concerns involving biologic terrorism-related death investigation is critical to both ME/Cs and public health authorities. (cdc.gov)
  • The United States National Office of Domestic Preparedness has determined that the threat of a biological or chemical attack is very real. (nih.gov)
  • According to military intelligence sources, until the war in Iraq, 2003, the main threat in Israel was the risk of missiles carrying biological or chemical materials being launched from Iraq during a war. (hebpsy.net)
  • When illness results from an intentional or unintentional chemical release (either known or suspected on the basis of a credible threat) into the environment, uniform reporting is paramount to direct appropriate resources, assess the extent of morbidity and mortality, track poisoned persons, and monitor response to intervention. (cdc.gov)
  • The case definitions in this report should be used by clinicians and public health officials in two settings: 1) after a credible threat of a chemical release or 2) after a known chemical release. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, use of these case definitions as a surveillance tool, in the absence of a credible threat or a known chemical release, typically results in excessive false-positive reports and is not recommended by CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • Awardees that already have established or are in the process of establishing the capabilities of Level-One laboratories are eligible to receive financial support, technical assistance, equipment and training for analysis of human samples for Level-Two industrial chemicals, selected chemical threat agents (such as heavy metals, lewisite, and cyanide), or their metabolites. (cdc.gov)
  • Level Three Laboratories: Five laboratories (California, Michigan, New Mexico, New York, and Virginia) will be funded to maintain capabilities of Level-Two laboratories, plus they will receive financial support, technical assistance, equipment and training for analysis of human samples for chemical threat agents that require a higher level of analytical expertise (e.g. tandem mass spectrometry). (cdc.gov)
  • To develop and implement a jurisdiction-wide program that provides rapid and effective laboratory response for chemical terrorism by establishing competency in collection and transport of clinical specimens to laboratories capable of measuring chemical threat agents. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH works closely with Compendium Now Available diverse outside partners to advance that mission, making the Online workplace more secure against the threat of terrorism. (cdc.gov)
  • How has this attack changed our assessment of the threat of biological and chemical weapons? (hoover.org)
  • Since publication of the 2000 technical report, many additional acts of chemical and biological terrorism have occurred, including the release of anthrax spores through the US postal system, intentional food contamination by toxic chemicals in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Fresno, California, and the identification of ricin-laden letters in a post office in South Carolina. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 Events until that time, including the 1995 sarin attack in Tokyo, Japan, had made clear the possibility that acts of domestic terrorism can occur, with significant impact on the health of children. (aappublications.org)
  • First, the narrow belief that such weapons would be intentionally manufactured to be instruments of mass destruction has been expanded by the recognition that readily available chemicals (eg, chlorine) manufactured for another purpose can be used for chemical terrorism (so-called weapons of opportunity). (aappublications.org)
  • Dual use chemicals such as chlorine have widespread peaceful uses in water purification and in industrial chemistry, but have also used as weapons of war. (citizendium.org)
  • Chemical warfare was initiated by Germany in 1914, with chlorine released from cylinders at the Second Battle of Ypres. (citizendium.org)
  • Chlorine, while not in the top 10 chemicals released, was in the top five chemicals associated with injury because of its hazardous properties. (cdc.gov)
  • Routine maintenance of equipment and engineering controls can reduce injuries associated with chlorine and sulfuric acid, and proper chemical handling training can reduce injuries associated with hydrochloric acid. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinical knowledge and diagnostic tools (e.g., biologic laboratory tests) for detecting chemical poisoning are likely to improve over time. (cdc.gov)
  • Results-- Hospitals with Joint Commission accreditation were more likely to schools, and other health educational provide terrorism preparedness training to all types of clinical staff (staff physicians, entities were eligible to receive residents, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and laboratory staff). (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this focus area is to develop nationwide laboratory capacity that provides rapid and effective analysis of clinical specimens (e.g., blood and urine) for chemical agents likely to be used in terrorism. (cdc.gov)
  • This focus area also addresses laboratory analyses of food specimens for chemical agents likely to be used in terrorism. (cdc.gov)
  • To be eligible for Level-Two funding, the recipient must document a basic level of staff competency in analytical/clinical chemistry and laboratory quality control in measurements of low concentrations of chemicals or metabolites in clinical samples. (cdc.gov)
  • While explosives and incendiaries are indeed chemical compounds, and may even be poisonous if ingested, because their major military effect is through blast or heat, they are not considered chemical weapons. (citizendium.org)
  • Hospitals varied widely in hospital terrorism preparedness because their plans for re-arranging schedules and space in the event of a disaster. (cdc.gov)
  • Such a practice is rife with challenges, particularly because the signs and symptoms of the biological and chemical agents are typically nonspecific, especially early on. (mhmedical.com)