Application of a cauterant to the skin for the purpose of causing a superficial destruction of the epidermis and upper layers of the dermis. After healing, the treated area has new epithelium.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
Disorders of increased melanin pigmentation that develop without preceding inflammatory disease.
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.
Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.

Chemical peels. (1/10)

With so many new peel preparations on the market today, the dermatologist must ask himself basic questions concerning the products. The most important question is directed to the medical literature rather than the advertising or marketing campaign so common among market-driven cosmetic products. Since all peeling agents--superficial, medium depth and deep--are derived from basic chemicals known to cause exfoliation, destruction and/or inflammation of skin in a controlled manner, the clinician must ask what is new and better about the product. Peeling agents, regardless of their proprietary new name, fall into chemical families. The clinical evaluation of these generic agents is well documented in our literature as to efficacy, technical care and safety. In addition, combinations of peeling agents have been presented in the dermatologic cosmetic literature with scientific clinical trials and histology. These include: 1) The Gordon-Baker phenol peel; 2) Combination medium depth peeling; 3) Glycolic acid formulations. It is the responsibility of the dermatologic surgeon to be in control of his chemicals and his products. It is thus necessary for him to understand all the products and the peel formulation and be sure it has undergone the test of objective scientific study with clear clinical evaluations and histology. Only then will we truly know the effectiveness of the agents we are using for exfoliating and resurfacing.  (+info)

Tolerance and safety of superficial chemical peeling with salicylic acid in various facial dermatoses. (2/10)

BACKGROUND: Chemical peeling is a skin-wounding procedure that may have some potentially undesirable side-effects. AIMS: The present study is directed towards safety concerns associated with superficial chemical peeling with salicylic acid in various facial dermatoses. METHODS: The study was a non-comparative and a prospective one. Two hundred and sixty-eight patients of either sex, aged between 10 to 60 years, undergoing superficial chemical peeling for various facial dermatoses (melasma, acne vulgaris, freckles, post-inflammatory scars/pigmentation, actinic keratoses, plane facial warts, etc.) were included in the study. Eight weekly peeling sessions were carried out in each patient. Tolerance to the procedure and any undesirable effects noted during these sessions were recorded. RESULTS: Almost all the patients tolerated the procedure well. Mild discomfort, burning, irritation and erythema were quite common but the incidence of major side-effects was very low and these too, were easily manageable. There was no significant difference in the incidence of side-effects between facial dermatoses (melasma, acne and other pigmentary disorders). CONCLUSION: Chemical peeling with salicylic acid is a well tolerated and safe treatment modality in many superficial facial dermatoses.  (+info)

Treatment options for actinic keratoses. (3/10)

Actinic keratoses are rough, scaly lesions that commonly occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin. The prevalence of the condition increases with age. Actinic keratoses are thought to be carcinomas in situ, which can progress to squamous cell carcinomas. The decision to treat can be based on cosmetic reasons; symptom relief; or, most importantly, the prevention of malignancy and metastasis. Treatment options include ablative (destructive) therapies such as cryosurgery, curettage with electrosurgery, and photodynamic therapy. Topical therapies are used in patients with multiple lesions. Fluorouracil has been the traditional topical treatment for actinic keratoses, although imiquimod 5% cream and diclofenac 3% gel are effective alternative therapies. There are too few controlled trials comparing treatment modalities for physicians to make sound, evidence-based treatment decisions.  (+info)

Standard guidelines of care for chemical peels. (4/10)

Chemical peeling is the application of a chemical agent to the skin, which causes controlled destruction of a part of or the entire epidermis, with or without the dermis, leading to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions, followed by regeneration of new epidermal and dermal tissues. Indications for chemical peeling include pigmentary disorders, superficial acne scars, ageing skin changes, and benign epidermal growths. Contraindications include patients with active bacterial, viral or fungal infection, tendency to keloid formation, facial dermatitis, taking photosensitizing medications and unrealistic expectations. PHYSICIANS' QUALIFICATIONS: The physician performing chemical peeling should have completed postgraduate training in dermatology. The training for chemical peeling may be acquired during post graduation or later at a center that provides education and training in cutaneous surgery or in focused workshops providing such training. The physician should have adequate knowledge of the different peeling agents used, the process of wound healing, the technique as well as the identification and management of complications. FACILITY: Chemical peeling can be performed safely in any clinic/outpatient day care dermatosurgical facility. PREOPERATIVE COUNSELING AND INFORMED CONSENT: A detailed consent form listing details about the procedure and possible complications should be signed by the patient. The consent form should specifically state the limitations of the procedure and should clearly mention if more procedures are needed for proper results. The patient should be provided with adequate opportunity to seek information through brochures, presentations, and personal discussions. The need for postoperative medical therapy should be emphasized. Superficial peels are considered safe in Indian patients. Medium depth peels should be performed with great caution, especially in dark skinned patients. Deep peels are not recommended for Indian skin. It is essential to do prepeel priming of the patient's skin with sunscreens, hydroquinone and tretinoin for 2-4 weeks. ENDPOINTS IN PEELS: For glycolic acid peels: The peel is neutralized after a predetermined duration of time (usually three minutes). However, if erythema or epidermolysis occurs, seen as grayish white appearance of the epidermis or as small blisters, the peel must be immediately neutralized with 10-15% sodium bicarbonate solution, regardless of the duration of application of the peel. The end-point is frosting for TCA peels, which are neutralized either with a neutralizing agent or cold water, starting from the eyelids and then the entire face. For salicylic acid peels, the end point is the pseudofrost formed when the salicylic acid crystallizes. Generally, 1-3 coats are applied to get an even frost; it is then washed with water after 3-5 minutes, after the burning has subsided. Jessner's solution is applied in 1-3 coats until even frosting is achieved or erythema is seen. Postoperative care includes sunscreens and moisturizers Peels may be repeated weekly, fortnightly or monthly, depending on the type and depth of the peel.  (+info)

Comparative study of trichloroacetic acid versus glycolic acid chemical peels in the treatment of melasma. (5/10)


Facial rejuvenation for middle-aged women: a combined approach with minimally invasive procedures. (6/10)

Facial rejuvenation is a significant process involved in restoring youthfulness. The introduction of less invasive procedures has increased acceptance of such procedures. Often a combination of different techniques allows individualized treatment with optimal outcomes. Furthermore, this leads to a natural look without a significant downtime. We report herein the use of such a combined approach in middle-aged women with particular emphasis on botulinum toxin type A, dermal fillers, and chemical peels.  (+info)

Current state of acne treatment: highlighting lasers, photodynamic therapy, and chemical peels. (7/10)

Acne vulgaris continues to be a challenge to dermatologists and primary care physicians alike. The available treatments reflect the complex and multifactorial contributors to acne pathogenesis, with topical retinoids as first-line therapy for mild acne, topical retinoids in combination with anti-microbials for moderate acne, and isotretinoin for severe nodular acne. Unfortunately, these conventional therapies may not be effective against refractory acne, can lead to antibiotic resistance, and is associated with adverse effects. With the rise of new technologies and in-office procedures, light and laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, chemical peels, and comedo extraction are growing in popularity as adjunctive treatments and may offer alternatives to those who desire better efficacy, quicker onset of action, improved safety profile, reduced risk of antibiotic resistance, and non-systemic administration. Whereas adjunctive therapies are generally well-tolerated, the number of randomized controlled trials are few and limited by small sample sizes. Furthermore, results demonstrating efficacy of certain light therapies are mixed and studies involving photodynamic therapy and chemical peels have yet to standardize and optimize application, formulation, and exposure times. Nevertheless, adjunctive therapies, particularly blue light and photodynamic therapy, show promise as these treatments also target factors of acne pathogenesis and may potentially complement current conventional therapy.  (+info)

A comparative study on efficacy of high and low fluence Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and glycolic acid peel in melasma. (8/10)


Chemexfoliation is a medical term that refers to the use of chemical agents to exfoliate or remove the outer layers of the skin. It is also known as chempeel, derma peeling, or chemabrasion. This procedure is commonly used in dermatology and cosmetic surgery to improve the appearance of the skin, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, treat acne, uneven pigmentation, and sun damage.

During a chemexfoliation procedure, a chemical solution is applied to the skin, which causes the outer layers to blister and eventually peel off. The type of chemical agent used depends on the individual's skin type and the desired outcome. Commonly used chemicals include alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), and phenol.

After the procedure, the skin may be red, swollen, and sensitive for several days. It is important to avoid sun exposure and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect the new skin. Multiple treatments may be necessary to achieve the desired results. Chemexfoliation should only be performed by a qualified healthcare professional in a controlled medical setting.

Dermatology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. A dermatologist is a medical doctor who has completed specialized training in this field. They are qualified to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, and many others. Dermatologists may also perform cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of the skin or to treat signs of aging.

Melanosis is a general term that refers to an increased deposit of melanin, the pigment responsible for coloring our skin, in the skin or other organs. It can occur in response to various factors such as sun exposure, aging, or certain medical conditions. There are several types of melanosis, including:

1. Epidermal melanosis: This type of melanosis is characterized by an increase in melanin within the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. It can result from sun exposure, hormonal changes, or inflammation.
2. Dermal melanosis: In this type of melanosis, there is an accumulation of melanin within the dermis, the middle layer of the skin. It can be caused by various conditions such as nevus of Ota, nevus of Ito, or melanoma metastasis.
3. Mucosal melanosis: This type of melanosis involves an increase in melanin within the mucous membranes, such as those lining the mouth, nose, and genitals. It can be a sign of systemic disorders like Addison's disease or Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
4. Lentigo simplex: Also known as simple lentigines, these are small, benign spots that appear on sun-exposed skin. They result from an increase in melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin.
5. Labial melanotic macule: This is a pigmented lesion found on the lips, typically the lower lip. It is more common in darker-skinned individuals and is usually benign but should be monitored for changes that may indicate malignancy.
6. Ocular melanosis: An increase in melanin within the eye can lead to various conditions such as ocular melanocytosis, oculodermal melanocytosis, or choroidal melanoma.

It is important to note that while some forms of melanosis are benign and harmless, others may indicate an underlying medical condition or even malignancy. Therefore, any new or changing pigmented lesions should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

Plastic surgery is a medical specialty that involves the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It can be divided into two main categories: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.

Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct functional impairments caused by burns, trauma, birth defects, or disease. The goal is to improve function, but may also involve improving appearance.

Cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the body in order to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem. This includes procedures such as breast augmentation, rhinoplasty, facelifts, and tummy tucks.

Plastic surgeons use a variety of techniques, including skin grafts, tissue expansion, flap surgery, and fat grafting, to achieve their goals. They must have a thorough understanding of anatomy, as well as excellent surgical skills and aesthetic judgment.

Cosmetics are defined in the medical field as products that are intended to be applied or introduced to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, and altering the appearance. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), cosmetics include skin creams, lotions, makeup, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product.

It's important to note that the FDA classifies cosmetics and drugs differently. Drugs are defined as products that are intended to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease, and/or affect the structure or function of the body. Some products, such as anti-dandruff shampoos or toothpastes with fluoride, can be considered both a cosmetic and a drug because they have both cleansing and therapeutic properties. These types of products are subject to regulation by both the FDA's Office of Cosmetics and Colors and its Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

Cosmetics must not be adulterated or misbranded, meaning that they must be safe for use under labeled or customary conditions, properly packaged and labeled, and not contain any harmful ingredients. However, the FDA does not have the authority to approve cosmetic products before they go on the market, with the exception of color additives. Manufacturers are responsible for ensuring that their products are safe and properly labeled.

Glycolates are a type of chemical compound that contain the group COOCH2, which is derived from glycolic acid. In a medical context, glycolates are often used in dental and medical materials as they can be biodegradable and biocompatible. For example, they may be used in controlled-release drug delivery systems or in bone cement. However, it's important to note that some glycolate compounds can also be toxic if ingested or otherwise introduced into the body in large amounts.

Cosmetic techniques refer to medical or surgical procedures that are performed with the primary goal of improving the appearance or aesthetics of an individual. These techniques can be non-invasive, minimally invasive, or surgical in nature and may involve various treatments such as:

1. Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections: used to reduce wrinkles and fine lines by temporarily paralyzing the underlying muscles.
2. Dermal fillers: injected beneath the skin to add volume, smooth out wrinkles, and enhance facial features.
3. Chemical peels: a chemical solution is applied to the skin to remove damaged outer layers, revealing smoother, more even-toned skin.
4. Microdermabrasion: a minimally abrasive procedure that uses fine crystals or diamond tips to exfoliate and remove dead skin cells, resulting in a refreshed appearance.
5. Laser resurfacing: using laser technology to improve the texture, tone, and overall appearance of the skin by removing damaged layers and stimulating collagen production.
6. Micro-needling: a minimally invasive treatment that involves puncturing the skin with fine needles to promote collagen production and skin rejuvenation.
7. Facelift surgery (rhytidectomy): a surgical procedure that tightens loose or sagging skin on the face and neck, restoring a more youthful appearance.
8. Blepharoplasty: cosmetic eyelid surgery that removes excess fat, muscle, and skin from the upper and/or lower eyelids to improve the appearance of tired or aging eyes.
9. Rhinoplasty: nose reshaping surgery that can correct various aesthetic concerns such as a bulbous tip, crooked bridge, or wide nostrils.
10. Breast augmentation: surgical enhancement of the breasts using implants or fat transfer to increase size, improve symmetry, or restore volume lost due to aging, pregnancy, or weight loss.
11. Liposuction: a surgical procedure that removes excess fat from various areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, and arms, to contour and shape the body.

These cosmetic techniques aim to enhance an individual's appearance, boost self-confidence, and help them feel more comfortable in their own skin.

Prior to chemexfoliation, the skin is cleaned and excess fat removed in a process called defatting. Acetone, hexachlorophene, ...
... chemexfoliation MeSH E04.680.250 - dermabrasion MeSH E04.680.300 - guided tissue regeneration MeSH E04.680.300.500 - guided ...
Prior to chemexfoliation, the skin is cleaned and excess fat removed in a process called defatting. Acetone, hexachlorophene, ...
A chemical peel, also called chemexfoliation, is a minimally invasive method to improve the appearance of the skin. The process ...
Chemexfoliation / Dermapeeling. Another highly effective facial treatment for a 40-year-old woman is Chemexfoliation, also ...
Chemexfoliation or Chemical Peels. Shot of an attractive young woman getting a facial at a beauty spa ...
Tziotzios, C., Petridis, C., Dand, N., Ainali, C., Saklatvala, J. R., Pullabhatla, V., Onoufriadis, A., Pramanik, R., Baudry, D., Lee, S. H., Wood, K., Liu, L., Seegobin, S., Michelotti, G. A., Lwin, S. M., Christou, E. A. A., Curtis, C. J., de Rinaldis, E., Saxena, A., Holmes, S., & 54 othersHarries, M., Palamaras, I., Cunningham, F., Parkins, G., Kaur, M., Farrant, P., McDonagh, A., Messenger, A., Jones, J., Jolliffe, V., Ali, I., Ardern-Jones, M., Mitchell, C., Burrows, N., Atkar, R., Banfield, C., Alexandroff, A., Champagne, C., Cooper, H. L., Vañó-Galván, S., Molina-Ruiz, A. M., Perez, N. O., Patel, G. K., Macbeth, A., Page, M., Bryden, A., Mowbray, M., Wahie, S., Armstrong, K., Cooke, N., Goodfield, M., Man, I., de Berker, D., Dunnill, G., Takwale, A., Rao, A., Siah, T-W., Sinclair, R., Wade, M. S., Dlova, N. C., Setterfield, J., Lewis, F., Bhargava, K., Kirkpatrick, N., Estivill, X., Stefanato, C. M., Flohr, C., Spector, T., Watt, F. M., Smith, C. H., Barker, J. N., Fenton, D. A., ...
Chemical peel (chemexfoliation) - In a chemical peel procedure, a chemical solution is applied to the skin to remove top layers ... Chemical Peel (Chemexfoliation). Dermabrasion. Injectables (Dermal Fillers and Neurotoxins). Laser Skin Resurfacing. Light ...
The process of chemical peels is also called derma peeling, or chemexfoliation. It uses a chemical mixture to enhance the body ...
Chemexfoliation indications and cautions. J Am Acad Dermatol 1987; 17:109-112. ...
Chemical peeling, also termed chem-exfoliation; represents accelerated exfoliation or skin damage induced by naturally ...
... , also referred as chem.-exfoliation or derma-peeling, are used to improve the appearance of the skin. In this ...
Where Everyone Will Notice But No One Will Know
Where Everyone Will Notice But No One Will Know
They are sometimes called derma-peeling or chemexfoliation. When your dermatologist performs a chemical pee, they apply a thin ...
Chemical peels are also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling. These treatments begins with a chemical solution to your ...
A chemical peel, known as chemexfoliation, uses a chemical solution to improve the appearance of the skin. The treatment ... Hope this article helped bust some myths and misconceptions regarding chemexfoliation. If this beauty treatment is on your mind ...
Chemical peeling, also termed chemexfoliation, represents accelerated exfoliation or skin damage induced by caustic agents that ... Give the skin time to heal prior to subjecting it to chemexfoliation. ...
In this article, a comprehensive, yet introductory overview on chemexfoliation is given. The molecular mechanisms for selected ...
The process of chemical peels is also called derma peeling, or chemexfoliation. It uses a chemical mixture to enhance the body ...
Chemexfoliation can be used to improve a wide variety of indications which include, but are not limited to: ... Chemical peel treatment or chemexfoliation is a technique where strong chemical agents (in the right concentrations), usually ...
Also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling, peels work by speeding up the exfoliation process of your skin. Yes, by peel ...
A chemical peel, also known as chemexfoliation or dermapeeling, uses a chemical solution to improve the appearance of your skin ...
I had chemexfoliation (chemical peel) over the weekend so Im hiding in my fedoras this week, Im glad I have 5 of them :) Have ...
A chemical peel, also known as chemexfoliation or derma peeling, uses a chemical solution to enhance the formation of your skin ...
One of the least invasive ways to improve the skins appearance is by a chemical peel, also called chemexfoliation or derma ...
Chemical peels - also referred to as chemexfoliation or derma peeling, this is a unique treatment that uses a chemical solution ...
Also referred to as derma-peeling and chemexfoliation, they are safely administered by a medical aesthetician with good ...
Chemical peels, otherwise known as chemexfoliation or derma-peels, are used to remove the outermost layer of the skin and ...
Chemical peels, also known as chemexfoliation or dermapeeling, are a technique used to treat a number of conditions, including ...
A chemical peel, also sometimes referred to as chemexfoliation and/or derma peeling, is a skincare procedure that is used to ...
You may know chemical peels as Dermapeel or chemexfoliation, but the goal is the same - to remove the outer layer of the skin ...
  • A professional chemical peel, also known as derma-peeling or chemexfoliation, is a skin treatment in which a specially-designed solution of chemicals is applied to the face in order to remove damaged outer layers in order to reveal a younger, more vibrant appearance. (
  • It is also known as derma peeling or chemexfoliation. (
  • Chemical peel (also referred to as derma peeling or chemexfoliation) is a versatile cosmetic procedure. (
  • Also called derma-peeling or chemexfoliation, this process applies a chemical solution to the skin, which causes shedding of the upper layer of skin that eventually peels off, exposing regenerated skin. (
  • o Chemical Peels - Chemical peels, derma-peeling, or chemexfoliation is a method finished on the face, hands or neck to enhance sun ruined skin, blotches, zits scarring, age spots, and below eye strains. (
  • Also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling, peels work by speeding up the exfoliation process of your skin. (
  • Chemical peels are also commonly known as chemexfoliation or derma peeling, and involve the application of a chemical solution to your facial skin. (
  • Chemical peels , also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling, are a technique used to improve the appearance of the skin. (
  • Commonly known as chemexfoliation, chemical peels are used to improve skin texture and reduce the presence of lines and wrinkles by using a selection of mild, medium, or deep chemicals to exfoliate the layers of your skin. (
  • A chemical peel (also known as chemexfoliation or dermapeeling) improves the look of your skin by exfoliating the top layer of skin with a chemical solution. (
  • A chemical peel is a skin rejuvenating treatment, also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling that makes the texture of your skin smoother by removing the topmost layer of dead skin. (
  • Chemical peeling, also termed chemexfoliation, represents accelerated exfoliation or skin damage induced by caustic agents that cause controlled damage, followed by the release of cytokines and inflammatory mediators, resulting in thickening of the epidermis, deposition of collagen, reorganization of structural elements, and increases in dermal volume. (
  • Dermatologists make use of the chemical epidermolysis produced by AHAs to induce a chemical peeling of the skin, referred to as chemexfoliation. (
  • Chemical peeling (chemexfoliation) involves the application of a chemical solution to the surface of the skin to produce the careful removal of its outer layers. (