A family of the order PRIMATES, suborder Strepsirhini (PROSIMII), containing five genera. All inhabitants of Madagascar, the genera are: Allocebus, Cheirogaleus (dwarf lemurs), Microcebus (mouse lemurs), Mirza, and Phaner.
Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.
A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 3.6.3.4), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.
Genus of perennial plants in the family CLUSIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypericaceae). Herbal and homeopathic preparations are used for depression, neuralgias, and a variety of other conditions. Hypericum contains flavonoids; GLYCOSIDES; mucilage, TANNINS; volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), hypericin and hyperforin.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A family of the order PRIMATES, suborder Strepsirhini (PROSIMII), containing four genera which inhabit Madagascar and the Comoro Island. Most of the lemurs prefer wooded areas. The four genera are Hapalemur, LEMUR, Lepilemur, and Varecia.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
An oviparous burrowing mammal of the order Monotremata native to Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. It has hair mingled with spines on the upper part of the body and is adapted for feeding on ants.
A small aquatic oviparous mammal of the order Monotremata found in Australia and Tasmania.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.

Comparative morphology and histochemistry of glands associated with the vomeronasal organ in humans, mouse lemurs, and voles. (1/76)

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a chemosensory structure of the vertebrate nasal septum that has been recently shown to exist in nearly all adult humans. Although its link to reproductive behaviors has been shown in some primates, its functionality in humans is still debated. Some authors have suggested that the human VNO has the capacity to detect pheromones, while others described it as little more than a glandular pit. However, no studies have utilized histochemical techniques that would reveal whether the human VNO functions as a generalized gland duct or a specialized chemosensory organ. Nasal septal tissue from 13 humans (2-86 years old) were compared to that of two adult lemurs (Microcebus murinus) and eight adult voles (four Microtus pennsylvanicus and four Microtus ochrogaster). Sections at selected intervals of the VNO were stained with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), alcian blue (AB), AB-PAS, and PAS-hematoxylin procedures. Results revealed typical well-developed VNOs with tubuloacinar glands in Microtus and Microcebus. VNO glands were AB-negative and PAS-positive in voles and mouse lemurs. Homo differed from Microtus and Microcebus in having more branched, AB and PAS-positive glands that emptied into the VNO lumen. Furthermore, the human VNO epithelium had unicellular mucous glands (AB and PAS-positive) and cilia, similar to respiratory epithelia. These results demonstrate unique characteristics of the human VNO which at once differs from glandular ducts (e.g., cilia) and also from the VNOs of mammals possessing demonstrably functional VNO.  (+info)

Therapeutic strategies in Alzheimer's disease: M1 muscarinic agonists. (2/76)

The cholinergic hypofunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD) appears to be linked with two other major hallmarks of this disease, beta-amyloid and hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Formation of beta-amyloids might impair the coupling of M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) with G-proteins. This can lead to decreased signal transduction, a decrease of trophic and non-amyloidogenic amyloid precursor protein (APPs) and generation of more beta-amyloids, aggravating further the cholinergic deficiency. This review is an attempt to explore the M1 mAChR regulation of beta-amyloid metabolism, tau hyperphosphorylation and cognitive functions. The therapeutic potential of M1-selective muscarinic agonists including AF102B, AF150(S), AF267B (the AF series) is evaluated and compared, when possible, with several FDA-approved acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. These M1 agonists can elevate APPs, decrease tau protein phosphorylation/hyperphosphorylation in vitro and in vivo and restore cognitive impairments in several animal models for AD. Except for the M1 agonists, no other compounds were reported yet with combined effects; e.g., amelioration of cognition dysfunction and beneficial modulation of APPs/beta-amyloid together with tau hyperphosphorylation/phosphorylation. This property of M1 agonists to alter different aspects associated with AD pathogenesis could represent the most remarkable clinical value of such drugs.  (+info)

The existence of the vomeronasal organ in postnatal chimpanzees and evidence for its homology with that of humans. (3/76)

It is currently thought that New World monkeys, prosimians, and humans are the only primates to possess vomeronasal organs (VNOs) as adults. Recent studies of the human VNO suggest that previous investigations on Old World primates may have missed the VNO. We examined nasal septa from the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) grossly and histologically for comparison with nasal septa from humans, Old World monkeys (Macaca fascicularis, M. nemistrina) and prosimian primates (Microcebus murinus, Otolemur garnettii). Grossly, chimpanzees had depressions on the nasal septum similar to fossae reported anterior to the VNO openings in humans. Histologically, chimpanzees and humans had bilateral epithelial tubes which were above the superior margin of the paraseptal cartilages (vomeronasal cartilage homologue). The epithelial tubes had a homogeneous ciliated epithelium. These structures were thus positionally and structurally identical to the human VNO and unlike the well-developed prosimian VNOs which were surrounded by vomeronasal cartilage. Macaques had no structures which resembled the VNO of either the prosimians or humans. The results demonstrate that the VNO is present postnatally in the chimpanzee and is almost identical to the human VNO in its anatomical position and histological structure. This in turn suggests that the reported absence of the VNO in at least some adult Old World primates is artifactual, and that further study may provide evidence for its existence in other species.  (+info)

Quantitative assessment of testicular germ cell production and kinematic and morphometric parameters of ejaculated spermatozoa in the grey mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus. (4/76)

Germ cell production and organization of the testicular epithelium in a prosimian species, the grey mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus, was investigated to extend knowledge of comparative primate spermatogenesis. In addition, semen samples collected from adult male lemurs (body weight 53-92 g; n = 16) by rectal probe electroejaculation were evaluated using computer-assisted morphometric and kinematic analysis of spermatozoa. Epididymidal spermatozoa were collected from six animals after hemicastration; the testes were weighed and prepared for stereological analysis and flow cytometry. The relative testis mass (as a percentage of body weight) ranged between 1.17 and 5.6%. Twelve stages of testicular seminiferous epithelium as described for macaques were applied and only a single stage was observed in most of the seminiferous tubule cross-sections. On average (mean SD), a single testis contained 1870 +/- 829 x 10(6) germ cells and 35 +/- 12 x 10(6) Sertoli cells. Germ cell ratios (preleptotene:type B spermatogonia = 2, round spermatid:pachytene = 3; elongated spermatid:round spermatids = 1) indicated high spermatogenic efficacy. Sperm head dimensions and tail lengths of the ejaculated and epididymidal spermatozoa were similar. Percentages of defects (neck/mid-piece and tail) were low ( 10%) and similar for ejaculated and epididymidal spermatozoa. Spermatozoa were highly motile, characterized by extensive lateral head displacement, but relatively low progressive motility. In conclusion, the grey mouse lemur has unusually large testes with a highly efficient spermatogenic process and large sperm output. These features, together with the high proportion of morphologically normal and highly motile spermatozoa in the ejaculates, indicate that Microcebus murinus is a species in which sperm competition after ejaculation is likely to occur. The predominantly single spermatogenic stage system seems to be an ancestral feature among primates.  (+info)

Basic limb kinematics of small therian mammals. (5/76)

A comparative study of quantitative kinematic data of fore- and hindlimb movements of eight different mammalian species leads to the recognition of basic principles in the locomotion of small therians. The description of kinematics comprises fore- and hindlimb movements as well as sagittal spine movements including displacement patterns of limb segments, their contribution to step length, and joint movements. The comparison of the contributions of different segments to step length clearly shows the proximal parts (scapula, femur) to produce more than half of the propulsive movement of the whole limb at symmetrical gaits. Basically, a three-segmented limb with zigzag configuration of segments is mainly displaced at the scapular pivot or hip joint, both of which have the same vertical distance to the ground. Two segments operate in matched motion during retraction of the limb. While kinematic parameters of forelimbs are independent of speed and gait (with the scapula as the dominant element), fundamental changes occur in hindlimb kinematics with the change from symmetrical to in-phase gaits. Forward motion of the hindlimbs is now mainly due to sagittal lumbar spine movements contributing to half of the step length. Kinematics of small therian mammals are independent of their systematic position, their natural habitat, and also of specific anatomical dispositions (e.g. reduction of fingers, toes, or clavicle). In contrast, the possession of a tail influences 'pelvic movements'.  (+info)

Survival without recovery after mass extinctions. (6/76)

Because many survivors of mass extinctions do not participate in postrecovery diversifications, and therefore fall into a pattern that can be termed "Dead Clade Walking" (DCW), the effects of mass extinctions extend beyond the losses observed during the event itself. Analyses at two taxonomic levels provide a first-order test of the prevalence of DCWs by using simple and very conservative operational criteria. For four of the Big Five mass extinctions of the Phanerozoic, the marine genera that survived the extinction suffered approximately 10-20% attrition in the immediately following geologic stage that was significantly greater than the losses sustained in preextinction stages. The stages immediately following the three Paleozoic mass extinctions also account for 17% of all order-level losses in marine invertebrates over that interval, which is, again, significantly greater than that seen for the other stratigraphic stages (no orders are lost immediately after the end-Triassic or end-Cretaceous mass extinctions). DCWs are not evenly distributed among four regional molluscan time-series following the end-Cretaceous extinction, demonstrating the importance of spatial patterns in recovery dynamics. Although biotic interactions have been invoked to explain the differential postextinction success of clades, such hypotheses must be tested against alternatives that include stochastic processes in low-diversity lineages-which is evidently not a general explanation for the ordinal DCW patterns, because postextinction fates are not related to the size of extinction bottlenecks in Paleozoic orders-and ongoing physical environmental changes.  (+info)

The hidden matrilineal structure of a solitary lemur: implications for primate social evolution. (7/76)

Kin selection affects many aspects of social behaviour, especially in gregarious animals in which relatives are permanently associated. In most group-living primates with complex social behaviour, females are philopatric and organized into matrilines. Models of primate social evolution assume that females in solitary primates are also organized into matrilines. We examined the genetic structure and the mating system of a population of Coquerel's dwarf lemur (Mirza coquereli), a solitary primate from Madagascar, to test this assumption. Our genetic and behavioural analyses revealed that this population of solitary individuals is indeed structured into matrilines, even though this pattern was not predicted by behavioural data. Specifically, females sharing a mitochondrial DNA haplotype were significantly clustered in space and the average genetic and geographical distances among them were negatively correlated. Not all females were philopatric, but there is no evidence for the successful settlement of dispersing females. Although not all adult males dispersed from their natal range, they were not significantly clustered in space and all of them roamed widely in search of oestrous females. As a result, paternity was widely spread among males and mixed paternities existed, indicating that scramble competition polygyny is the mating system of this species. Our data therefore revealed facultative dispersal in both sexes with a strong bias towards female philopatry in this primitive primate. We further conclude that complex kinship structures also exist in non-gregarious species, where their consequences for social behaviour are not obvious.  (+info)

Ontogeny of the nasopalatine duct in primates. (8/76)

Ecological explanations have been put forward to account for the precocious or delayed development of patency in ducts leading to the vomeronasal organ (VNO) in certain mammals. Perinatal function may be related, in part, to the patency or fusion of the vomeronasal and nasopalatine (NPD) ducts. However, few studies have focused on NPD development in primates, which generally have a prolonged period of dependence during infancy. In this study we examined 24 prenatal primates and 13 neonatal primates, and a comparative sample of fetal mice and insectivores. In embryonic and early fetal Microcebus murinus, the NPD was completely fused, whereas in fetuses of later stages the duct was partially fused or completely patent. M. myoxinus of all stages demonstrated some degree of NPD fusion. In all other prenatal primates, the NPD was fused to some extent. Four prenatal insectivores (Tenrec ecaudatus) showed some degree of NPD fusion. In Mus musculus at 19 days gestation, the NPD was patent, although the anatomically separate VNO duct was fused. T. ecaudatus and most of the neonatal primates revealed complete NPD patency. An exception was Saguinus geoffroyi, which exhibited fusion of the NPD near the VNO opening. These observations may relate to differences in perinatal VNO function. The differences noted in our study suggest that M. murinus and M. myoxinus may differ in perinatal VNO functionality and perhaps in related behavior. Observations of neonatal primates suggest that NPD patency may be relatively common at birth and could serve other purposes in addition to being an access route for VNO stimuli.  (+info)

Grey mouse lemurs appear to be among the shortest lived primates [0463]. One captive specimen lived for 18.2 years [0671]. In the wild these animals experience very high levels of extrinsic mortality. Wild grey mouse lemurs have shorter lifespans, however the oldest animals display no evidence of functional senescence. In contrast, captive grey mouse lemurs show senescence in their ability to regain lost body mass and a reverse sex bias in lifespan (favouring males) [1189]. Captive grey mouse lemurs are generally weaker and show earlier decline in physical strength than wild animals. Wild female grey mouse lemurs are generally stronger than their male counterparts [1190]. ...
Schmid, J.(2013) Physiology and energetics. In Sterling E. J., Bynum N., Blair, M. E. (Eds.). Primate Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, pp. 213-223 Schmid J (2011) Thermoregulation and energetics. In: Setchell JM, Curtis DJ (Eds.) Field and Laboratory Methods in Primatology: A Practical Guide. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 339-351 Schmid J, Speakman JR (2009). Torpor and energetic consequences in free ranging gray mouse lemurs (Microcebus murinus): a rain-dry forest comparison. Naturwissenschaften 96:609-620 Schmid J, Ganzhorn JU (2009). Optional strategies for reduced metabolism in gray mouse lemurs. Naturwissenschaften 96:737-741 Ganzhorn JU, Andrianasolo T, Andrianjazalahatra T, Donati G, Fietz J, Lahann P, Ramarokoto REAF, Randriamanga S, Rasarimanana S, Rakotosamimanana, B, Ramanamanjato J-B, Randria G, Rasolofoharivelo MT, Razanahoera-Rakototmalala M, Schmid J, Sommer S (2007) Lemurs in Evergreen Littoral Forest ...
Mouse lemurs have a combined head, body and tail length of less than 27 cm (10.6 in) making them the most diminutive of the primates (Mittermeier et al. 2006; Ankel-Simons 2007). Among the mouse lemurs, the superlative goes to M. berthae, which is the worlds smallest primate (Dammhahn & Kappeler 2005). Mouse lemurs can be divided up into two groups based on their general overall fur coloration. M. murinus and M. griseorufus are generally grayish, while M. rufus, M. ravelobensis, M. myoxinus, M. berthae, M. sambiranensis, M. tavaratra, M. lehilahytsara, M mittermeieri, M. jollyae, and M. simmonsi are overall generally reddish (Olivieri et al. 2007). However, it is difficult to distinguish certain species apart purely by observation, and such species are discriminated from one another based on genetic differences and/or body measurements (Olivieri et al. 2007). There is some intra-specific variation in coloration in some species which further complicates the situation, and in some cases specimens ...
The extinct Gujarat primates appear to be most similar to the gray mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus, pictured here. CREDIT: David Haring, Duke Lemur Center A
The adult brain contains niches of neural stem cells that continuously add new neurons to selected circuits throughout life. Two niches have been extensively studied in various mammalian species including humans, the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Recently, studies conducted mainly in rodents have identified a third neurogenic niche in the adult hypothalamus. In order to evaluate whether a neural stem cell niche also exists in the adult hypothalamus in humans, we performed multiple immunofluorescence labeling to assess the expression of a panel of neural stem/progenitor cell (NPC) markers (Sox2, nestin, vimentin, GLAST, GFAP) in the human hypothalamus and compared them with the mouse, rat and a non-human primate species, the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus ...
Researchers have now found that a species of mouse lemurs is actually two distinct species. The new study brings the number of identified tea-cup sized lemurs species to 20.
Hibernation is a complex physiological response that some mammalian species employ to evade energetic demands. Previous work in mammalian hibernators suggests that hibernation is activated not by a set of genes unique to hibernators, but by differential expression of genes that are present in all mammals. This question of universal genetic mechanisms requires further investigation and can only be tested through additional investigations of phylogenetically dispersed species. To explore this question, we use RNA-Seq to investigate gene expression dynamics as they relate to the varying physiological states experienced throughout the year in a group of primate hibernators-Madagascars dwarf lemurs (genus Cheirogaleus). In a novel experimental approach, we use longitudinal sampling of biological tissues as a method for capturing gene expression profiles from the same individuals throughout their annual hibernation cycle. We identify 90 candidate genes that have variable expression patterns when ...
A species which is somewhat beyond ordinary social system in sportive lemurs, because there can be found a direct monogamy. A male and a female share a stable territory, which overlaps a territory of other couples from time to time. Both genders live in the same area despite the fact that mating only lasts for a couple weeks a year. In fact, they only share the common habitat, interactions outside the mating season are very rare (a similar system as in Phaner pallescens). This may be caused by avoiding food competition. Interaction betwen genders are mainly of aggresive manner (similarly to Microcebus murinus). Anyhow, males show increased activity during the estrum of females and also an extra-pair copulation was occasionally reported. This species can be used as a model for primate monogamy evolution research. The males cant afford to follow more than one female because of the high level of the predation and aggression during intra - and intersexual interaction and on the contrary, they cant ...
A species which is somewhat beyond ordinary social system in sportive lemurs, because there can be found a direct monogamy. A male and a female share a stable territory, which overlaps a territory of other couples from time to time. Both genders live in the same area despite the fact that mating only lasts for a couple weeks a year. In fact, they only share the common habitat, interactions outside the mating season are very rare (a similar system as in Phaner pallescens). This may be caused by avoiding food competition. Interaction betwen genders are mainly of aggresive manner (similarly to Microcebus murinus). Anyhow, males show increased activity during the estrum of females and also an extra-pair copulation was occasionally reported. This species can be used as a model for primate monogamy evolution research. The males cant afford to follow more than one female because of the high level of the predation and aggression during intra - and intersexual interaction and on the contrary, they cant ...
A species which is somewhat beyond ordinary social system in sportive lemurs, because there can be found a direct monogamy. A male and a female share a stable territory, which overlaps a territory of other couples from time to time. Both genders live in the same area despite the fact that mating only lasts for a couple weeks a year. In fact, they only share the common habitat, interactions outside the mating season are very rare (a similar system as in Phaner pallescens). This may be caused by avoiding food competition. Interaction betwen genders are mainly of aggresive manner (similarly to Microcebus murinus). Anyhow, males show increased activity during the estrum of females and also an extra-pair copulation was occasionally reported. This species can be used as a model for primate monogamy evolution research. The males cant afford to follow more than one female because of the high level of the predation and aggression during intra - and intersexual interaction and on the contrary, they cant ...
Domain architectures containing the following SCOP superfamilies _gap_,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,_gap_,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,_gap_ in Microcebus murinus 76_1. Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of _gap_,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,_gap_,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,57196,_gap_.
Stanford researchers have identified more than 20 mouse lemurs with genetic traits for conditions such as heart disease and eye problems, making the tiny primates potentially useful for understanding diseases in humans.
Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. (eds.) 2005. Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore. 2 volumes. 2142 pp. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. Reference page ...
It is a pleasure to announce that in March of 2012 there was an interesting study of phylogeny of Cheirogaleidae published, therefore the article will have a apendix with current information. There is a multilocus dataset used in the study, where the operational taxonomic units (OTU) are not genes, but their alleles. The alignment was therefore based on data from one allele. This approach has brought a great results in a group with many cryptic species and high intraspecific diversity. A mitochondrial DNA and 12 genes of nuclear DNA were used. Above all, we can find the first strongly proved position of the genus Phaner, where the results hadnt been integrated before. That solves the uncertain adaptive radiation which was mentioned in the introduction. Phaner is a sister clade to other cheirogaleids, which was confirmed by consenzus trees and Bayesian trees. In genera Microcebus, Allocebus and Mirza there was a discordance among individual gene trees found and the authors suggest further study ...
Adkins, R. M., and Honeycutt, R. L., 1991, Molecular phylogeny of the superorder. Archonta, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88: 10317-10321. Adkins, R. M., and Honeycutt, R. L., 1993, A molecular examination of Archontan and Chiropteran monophyly, in: Primates and Their Relatives in Phylogenetic Perspective, R. D. E. MacPhee, ed., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 227-249. Aiello, L. C., and Wheeler, P., 1995, The expensive-tissue hypothesis: The brain and the digestive system in human and primate evolution, Curr. Anthropol. 36: 199-221. Arends, A., Bonaccorso, F. J., and Genoud, M., 1995, Basal rates of metabolism of nectarivorous bats (Phyllostomidae) from a semiarid thorn forest in Venezuela, J. Mammal. 76(3): 947-956. Armstrong, E., 1983, Relative brain size and metabolism in mammals, Science 220: 1302-1304.. Armstrong, E., 1985, Relative brain size in monkeys and prosimians, Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 66: 263-273.. Atsalis, S., 1999, Diet of the brown mouse lemur (Microcebus rufus) in Ranomafana National ...
loid plaques, neurodegeneration [] and/or loss of cholinergic neurons []. The genes responsible for the formation of senile plaques are highly similar between mouse lemurs and Transgenic technology provides unique opportunity to repro- humans The presence of amyloid deposition has been duce the cause of familial AD by transfecting a mutant human recently linked to cerebral atrophy in aged individuals, giving amyloid precursor protein (APP). Mice have extensively been new insight into the understanding of pathological aging in used as transgenic models and facilitated our understanding of this non-human primate species Moreover, a compar- the molecular mechanisms associated with Ab-production, able decline in declarative memory and executive function deposition and clearance and the effects of Ab on neuronal has been reported in both aged human and aged mouse lemur network and synapses that play important role in cognitive whereas procedural memory appears to be conserved in both function. The ...
Nasal fossa (profile): two cavities separated by a vertical plate. Air enters the nasal fossae through the nostrils and flows to an from the lungs.
enough.. If there had been only stars with their stitches of light and no planets-that would have been enough. If there had been only lifeless planets with strands of quartz and gold-Dayenu. If there had been just the breathing oceans vaulting against boulders. Only microorganisms with their endless division and multiplication. If there had been only forests of coral. Merely the minnows their tiny hearts flicking inside glass bodies. If there had been only the firefish the butterfly fish and seahorses disguised as kelp. Only the desert and its runnels of sand. Just green beards of grass and no redwoods. If there had been only black onyx no lemon serpentine no azurite. Only the insects with their x-ray wings and flashing songs. Just the geometry of snake skins and no mammals. Only gray mice their hearts valving six hundred times a minute. If there had been nothing but a hummingbird pinning itself in midair. Only the elephant with its vault of bones only the zebra so unaware of its own ...
which means bag or pouch, obviously a reference to the animals marsupial nature. But then why wouldnt all marsupials be thylacines? Good question. A titmouse is not a mouse but a small bird, even though the word shares the plural of mouse, as titmice. A tit itself can be a small bird, but even though it is not at all clear why this bird should be called a mouse, the name has been around for centuries. Perhaps the small, gray birds look like the small, gray mice. But they are not mice, not even close. No one, that I know of, is jerking us around with objections to the name titmouse -- whose form is perhaps well protected by bird watchers. Perhaps even better are the antlions. Antlions are not lions, or ants. For a long time I assumed they were spiders, but they are not even that. They are a small flying insect, whose adult form looks like dragonflies (which are not dragons), damselflies (which are not damsels), or lacewings (not real lace). These insects are antlions because ...
The Chinese toss the tiny teeth onto roofs. Mexicans offer them to el raton, a gray mouse, and Swedes sweep them under the rug. If these rituals sound strange, how about the American custom:
Coat colour in mice TraitsAllelesGenotypesPhenotypes GreyGGGGrey WhitegGgGrey ggWhite Grey mice could have one of two different genotypes, GG or Gg. If they are crossed with a white mouse (gg) these genotypes will give two different results © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS
An American professor of psychology, Robert Rosenthal, once called two groups of his students. He gave each group 30 grey mice and a maze and asked them to teach the mice to negotiate the maze in a few weeks time. There was however, one important detail: he whispered to the first group that their mice had been especially picked for their particularly well developed sense of orientation, and told the other that, for genetic reasons no great success could be expected from their mice. In reality, these differences existed only in the minds of the students, since the sixty mice were identical in every respect. When the training period was over, Robert Rosenthal found that the overrated mice had performed surprisingly well, while the underestimated once had hardly moved from the starting point. Enthused by these results, Rosenthal wanted to try the same experiment in a training of a different kind-a school. In May 1964, Rosenthal and his team arrived at an elementary school in South San ...
The Obama administrations climate change report reads like a sci-fi novel set in the End Times. And it also predicts major food shortages, too.
No-deal Brexit will hit low income families, ruin food banks, raise food prices, and cause food shortages, according to a paper by professor Tim Lang in The Lancet
Ghana is not facing food shortage, PFJ is very much on course!!. Our attention has been drawn to a rather unfortunate comments by the Former President, Mr. John Dramani Mahama, about the status of the countrys agriculture and food security, during his so called Thank You tour across the country.. The Former President, in an attempt to shift public discussion from his rather reckless and infamous Do or Die comment which has attracted public backlash, has decided to attack one of Governments most successful flagship policies Planting for Food and Jobs.. In fact, apart from becoming desperately notorious for making reckless comments in recent times, the Former President is now also engaging in scare-mongering, thriving on lies and falsehoods just to put fear in Ghanaians.. In a meeting In the Bono Region, Former President Mahama is on recorded to have made several false claims about the PFJ programme which was introduced by the President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo-led administration in ...
Big Ags biggest players benefit from making consumers think a food shortage is imminent if theyre made to shut down. Here are the facts.
Malnutrition in Africa due to food shortage due to drought and bad medical services. MSF (Doctors Without Borders) has set up this supplementary feeding center. - Stock Image C005/9404
Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary Information 41598_2018_36707_MOESM1_ESM. we propose an averaged and deterministic model, predicated on cell people dynamics, replicative senescence and efficiency loss. It represents the age-related transformation of functionality in 17 time-series phenotypic features, including individual physical and cognitive abilities, mouse lemur power, greyhound and thoroughbred quickness, and mouse activity. We demonstrate which the approximated age group of peak functionality occurs in the first element of lifestyle (20.5%??6.6% from the approximated lifespan) thus emphasizing the asymmetrical nature of the partnership. This model can be an initial try to relate functionality dynamics to mobile dynamics and can lead to even more sophisticated models in the foreseeable future. Launch Pierre de Coubertin revived the Olympic Video games in 1896. Since that time, international sport tournaments have become main events which will make noticeable the development of human ...
Jo, Youre too darn good and quick!. I picked this up in Science Daily this morning and was about to do a post on it when lo and behold Jo has posted it already with even more detail.. And as Jo says, our genetic traits are geared to handling periods of food shortage as well as excess, a couple of millions of years long selective adaption trait where those whose genetic traits could not cope with highly variable periods of shortage and plenty were weeded out leaving that ability to use periods of food shortages as an advantageous characteristic which is still very evident in our human population today as is just again being discovered.. The short period food shortage coping genetic mechanism is geared to the nomadic hunter-gatherer life where game both small and large and root products and fruits could be highly variable in both time, season and area.. That genetic trait has only become redundant if you could call it redundant since the latter part of the 20th century.. The last Famine apart ...
Technology Communication Sound Effects for Any Creative Project. Websites, YouTube, Film, TV, Broadcast, DVD, Video Games, Flash, and All Media.
Answer (1 of 1): There are a range of social and economic implications of disease in plants and animals. Some of the main ones are outlined in the points below. Usually, the extent of these problems will depend upon how severe and widespread the disease is. It can also be dependent upon how important the animals or plants are to humans, or where they are positioned in the natural food chain.Effects on crop farmers If a disease affects the crops of a farmer, the farmer will naturally lose out in terms of income. If the disease wipes out the whole crop, he could be facing a year of poverty. Plant diseases can make the income generated by a farmer highly versatile, which is a negative point particularly considering the profession is a difficult one anyway. Economically, in an agricultural area incomes could drop and shops and businesses could face lower profits.Food shortages Diseases in both plants and animals could cause food shortages; smaller quantities of meats and edible crops will be produced.
The WATER WARS have begun: the state is simply turning off the water to farms & ranches, depriving them of water needed to grow food and raise animals
When to avoid: Pregnant or nursing mothers.. Fat was never intended to be a burden to the human race. It is a result of our lifestyle being out of balance. The original human beings made use of their fundamental ability to store surplus food in times of plenty as fat, to be utilised in times of food shortages. However, with our easier lifestyle and the excess of calories lurking in most processed foods today, fat is accumulating at a frightening rate. The New Image Slim Diet plan works in harmony with nature.. How Our Bodies Work. The body has a naturally programmed automatic weight gain/loss system. Simply put - if you eat more calories than you burn for energy, you will gain weight. It is important to understand that everyones body metabolism consumes fuel at different rates. This accounts for some people eating little, yet gaining weight, while others can eat a lot and remain trim and slim.. The principle of the Alpha LipidTM SDIITM programme is to tap into the bodys natural weight loss ...
Grain research technology that will help combat food shortages stemming from climate change and a burgeoning world population have helped a young researcher claim the title of Advance Queensland Young Tall Poppy Scientist of the Year.. 14 August 2017 ...
Discover how scientists are trying to avoid food shortages by applying high tech science to traditional farming. Learn about a company in New York Producing microgrids, a therapy tool for post-traumatic stress, and watch a clip from WPSUs Managing Risk in a Changing Climate.
Dear Saints, The U.S. is about to go through another shaking. Turmoil, chaos, and rioting along with food shortages is to be expected. The Lord has already given us warning of this and told us to stock up on food, water, and supplies. However, He has also told us that we can greatly diminish and…
Oct. 24, 2012At a time when the US government talks of food shortages yet is doing nothing to ensure food for its people but is doing numbers of things that seriously increase the threat and leave peo...read more
The question is not that there are too many of us. The question is whether if we were allowed to enjoy the fruit of our labour, we would not be able to feed, clothe, heal and enjoy ourselves. I think the answer is a resounding yes. If Malians, for example, could sell their cotton at a decent price, it is possible that their government could afford to set up an early warning system and stocked grain to prevent food shortage. It is not fair for Westerners to ask us to reduce in number because we are being exploited too thoroughly to be able to live like decent human beings, and because other people want to go on enjoying their little perks. ...
The British Retail Consortium (BRC) has warned that Brexit brings with its the risk of food shortages, epitomised by empty supermarket shelves.
In what could be the future to solve growing concerns about food shortages, scientists have created a hamburger that has been grown in a lab.
Microcebus berthae are typically solitary foragers, but are not without social interaction with other members of their species. About half the time, they sleep alone. Otherwise, they can be found sleeping next to one or more lemurs, with no preference or prejudice to close relatives or members of the opposite sex. Be it alone or in a group, Microcebus berthae tend to sleep in leaf nests in trees, or without a nest, in hole-like structures. On occasion, the paths of two members of the species may cross, leading to different kinds of social encounters. Some encounters involve bouts of mutual grooming, sex, or huddling (an activity which can last up to 23 minutes). Other meet-ups between lemurs might include chasing, biting and grabbing. Overall, male-male and female-female interactions do not differ qualitatively. Unlike other species of lemur, Microcebus berthae do not hibernate during the cold-dry season, instead compensating for food scarcity with a larger than average home range.[10]. In a ...
The ruffed lemurs of the genus Varecia are strepsirrhine primates and the largest extant lemurs within the family Lemuridae. Like all living lemurs, they are found only on the island of Madagascar. Formerly considered to be a monotypic genus, two species are now recognized: the black-and-white ruffed lemur, with its three subspecies, and the red ruffed lemur. Ruffed lemurs are diurnal and arboreal quadrupeds, often observed leaping through the upper canopy of the seasonal tropical rainforests in eastern Madagascar. They are also the most frugivorous of the Malagasy lemurs, and they are very sensitive to habitat disturbance. Ruffed lemurs live in multi-male/multi-female groups and have a complex and flexible social structure, described as fission-fusion. They are highly vocal, and have loud, raucous calls. Ruffed lemurs are seasonal breeders and highly unusual in their reproductive strategy. They are considered an evolutionary enigma in that they are the largest of the extant species in ...
Lemurs are strepsirrhine primates, all species of which are endemic to Madagascar. They include the smallest primate in the world, Madame Berthes mouse lemur, which weighs 30 grams (1.1 oz), and range up to the size of the indri, which can weigh as much as 9.5 kilograms (21 lb). However, recently extinct species grew much larger. As of 2010, five families, 15 genera, and 101 species and subspecies of lemur were formally recognized. Of the 101 species and subspecies, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classified eight as Critically Endangered, 18 as Endangered, 15 as Vulnerable, four as Near Threatened, eight as Least Concern and 41 as Data Deficient; seven were yet to be evaluated. From 2000 through 2008, 39 new species were described and nine other taxa resurrected. By 2014, the number of species and subspecies recognized had increased to 105; of these, the IUCN classified 24 as Critically Endangered, 49 as Endangered, 20 as Vulnerable, three as Near Threatened, three as ...
These Lemurs are nocturnal and have very large eyes that help them to see in the dark. They have reddish brown coloration on the back, with a paler underside. They are very solitary, unlike many of their larger Lemur cousins, and feed on a varied diet that contains (among other things) flowers, nectar, insects, and leaves ...
Resveratrol is a polyphenol naturally found in nuts, berries, and the skin of grapes, although in low concentrations. It possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, with studies demonstrating its potential cardiovascular, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-aging benefits. Research has also shown significant benefits in several chronic inflammatory disorders.. According to a study published earlier this week in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, researchers investigated the effect of resveratrol supplementation on bone health in postmenopausal women. Resveratrol is also a phytoestrogen and animal studies have shown that it promotes osteoblastic formation similar to genistein. There have only been a few human studies investigating this; however, none of these studies were over six months in duration and none focused on postmenopausal women. This new study was a 24-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study that included 125 postmenopausal women ...
This page contains the abstract- Calorie Restriction-like Effects of 30 Days of Resveratrol Supplementation on Energy Metabolism and Metabolic Profile in Obese Humans http://www.chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/Calorie_Restriction-like_Effects.shtml
Winning the Real-world Hunger Games. Thankfully, were still a long way from the dystopian world depicted in the best-selling The Hunger Games trilogy, where food is used as a coercive political tool. Nevertheless, we have reason to be concerned about the geopolitical consequences of world food supplies running low, as analysts predict they will, following yet another summer of extreme weather, including record-breaking drought in the US.. As weve seen over the past several years, food shortages and rising food prices can cause destabilizing stress here and worldwide. America is the worlds largest grain exporter, and, as the 2012 drought marches on, escalating damage to its corn and soybean harvest will be felt around the world in higher prices - particularly for meat from corn-fed pigs and cattle. Food shortages are a strong possibility in the worlds poorest nations, according to Oxfam and other NGOs, but working families here will also feel the pinch in their grocery budgets.. Simply put, ...
The eastern woolly lemur is slightly larger and darker than the western woolly lemur, but they still only weigh in at about 3 lbs. They are named for the curly, dense fur on their backs which has a woolly appearance and varies in color from gray-brown to reddish. Eastern woolly lemurs, like other woolly lemurs, have a distinctive white stripe on their thighs. Their faces have lighter fur on the cheeks and throat, and their ears are small and mostly concealed by thick fur. They cling vertically to trees and have very strong legs for leaping. Typically, these lemurs also have very long tails, usually longer than their head and body length combined.. Where they live ...
The bars in this graph reflect the difference in time spent comparing the full-retrieval trials and the partial-retrieval trials. For example, the first bar reflects extra time searching for the second grape in a 2-grape trial when only one grape was retrievable (and the second grape was hidden in the secret compartment).. When the ratio of grapes retrievable to expected differed along a 1:2 ratio, the lemurs spent extra time searching. That suggests that mongoose lemurs are able to numerically distinguish sets that differ by a factor of two. However, they did not spend extra time looking when the ratio of grapes retrievable to expected differed along a 2:3 or 3:4 ratio. In other words, even if they had seen 4 grapes disappear into the bucket, for example, upon only finding three of them, they were satisfied and discontinued their search. From this, we can infer that mongoose lemurs are unable to numerically distinguish sets of objects that differ by a factor of 2:3 or 3:4. While this data ...
Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia constitute risk factors for morbidity and premature mortality. Based on animal and in vitro studies, resveratrol reverts these risk factors via stimulation of silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1), but data in human subjects are scarce. The objective of this study was to examine the metabolic effects of high-dose resveratrol in obese human subjects. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, and parallel-group design, 24 obese but otherwise healthy men were randomly assigned to 4 weeks of resveratrol or placebo treatment. Extensive metabolic examinations including assessment of glucose turnover and insulin sensitivity (hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp) were performed before and after the treatment. Insulin sensitivity, the primary outcome measure, deteriorated insignificantly in both groups. Endogenous glucose production and the turnover and oxidation rates of glucose remained unchanged. Resveratrol ...
Background: Resveratrol is one of the most effective natural polyphenolic compounds synthesized by plants and its beneficial effects on glycemic control have been reported. Considering the prevalence of thyroid disorders in diabetic patientsذثدثبهزهشم ثببثزفس خب فاهس یقعل.ompounds and the effect of resveratrol on metabolic pathway through Sirtuin1 receptors and its ...
Imagine that you have nine grey mice lined up in a row, and at the end of the row there is an elephant. The elephant is coloured in exactly the same shade of grey as the mice. Now if the question is then, how many grey creatures are there? then the answer is ten. However, if the question is how many mice are there? then the answer is nine. If someone answers the latter question with the answer ten then they are including the elephant in the category mice - and that is a mistake. It is a type of mistake that philosophers call a category mistake for it rests upon placing an item into the wrong category.. I want to explain a category mistake that atheists often make when they are making polemical arguments against religious believers (mostly, but not always, Christian believers). The particular argument that Im thinking of is the one more god point, which can be summarised in the following way: all human beings doubt the existence of almost all the gods that have ever been believed in; ...
Alternative Medicine Review is the highest impact, peer-reviewed CAM journal for healthcare practitioners with FREE web access to archives, abstract database and more.
Sept. 30, 2014 - Some species of lemurs are threatened with extinction, and researchers at Duke Universitys Lemur Center are working to prevent that from happening. Although some people question whether new vaccines for wild animals are worth the effort, researchers are moving forward to stop a seasonal outbreak of Cryptosporidium parvum thats affecting one species of lemur. 
The breeding season runs from mid-April to mid-May. Estrus lasts 4 to 6 hours and females mate with multiple males during this period. Within a lemur group, known as a troop, females stagger their receptivity so that each female comes into season on a different day during the breeding season, reducing competition for male attention. Gestation lasts for about 135 days. In the wild, one offspring is the norm, although twins may occur. Ring-tailed lemur infants have a birth weight of 2.5 ounces and are carried on the chest for the first 1 to 2 weeks, then on the back. The young lemurs begin to eat solid food after 2 months and are fully weaned after 5 months. Sexual maturity is reached between 2 ½ and 3 years. Infant mortality can be as high as 50% within the first year, and as few as 30% may reach adulthood, due to harsh environmental conditions, predation, and accidents such as falls. Ring-tailed lemurs live 15 to 18 years in the wild, and in captivity the lifespan climbs up to 20 to 25 years ...
Lemurs are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many lemurs in its scientific collections.
Lemurs are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many lemurs in its scientific collections.
Ring-Tailed Lemurs are an arboreal species, and are great climbers thanks to their nimble hands. Interestingly, their tails are not prehensile, which differs from some of their other primate relatives. Instead, its long length is used to aid in balance and for communication. This species is also notable among Lemurs because they spend a great deal of time on the ground, foraging for fruits ...
The Particoloured bat is a medium-sized (wingspan 270-310 mm), robust bat with dark brown snout and membrane, and short broad ears. Its long fur is unmistakably bicoloured: a dark brown base and silver white tips, lending this species a permanently frosted look.. This species can be found in both urban, mountainous and agricultural areas. It is known to roost in crevices of buildings and trees during the summer; during winter, crevices in buildings are preferred to underground sites. With a rapid and agile flight reminiscent of Nyctalus species, V. murinus usually hunts swarming midges and other small insects. This species prefers to forage over open spaces and using aerial hawking techniques. This is a migratory species with a recorded distance of 1 780 km.. ...
And Birand et al. did lots of simulation runs to get a good handle on the importance of the different parameters governing speciation rates. In addition to the two already mentioned (dispersal and resource distribution), another important one is the strength of trade-offs. It can be set as more or less difficult for individuals to be good at utilizing more than one resource. As an example of trade-offs, think of lemurs: Some lemurs eat leaves, and in order to digest the hard-to-digest cellulose, they have really long intestines. Other lemurs eat fruit containing lots of sugar, which is easy to digest. They dont need to have long intestines for that, so they have short ones, and thus cant digest leaves very well. At the same time, lemurs with long intestines cant eat fruits, because they tend to rot while making it all the way to rectum, which makes the lemurs sick. Thus, there is a trade-off between which foods the lemurs can eat, which makes the two species able to coexist (at least in ...
In another pilot study, in collaboration with postdoctoral research associate Kerrie Lewis, the researchers tested whether mongoose lemurs would search longer for two grapes hidden in a bucket after they d seen two go in compared with when they d only seen one go in. We re using their search time as a measure of whether they ve perceived the number of food items that have actually gone into the bucket, said Brannon. So far, she said, it does appear that the lemurs recognize the difference between one and two grapes going into the bucket ...
Prints of DOW-479 Ring-tailed Lemur with tail wrapped around body Lemur catta Steve Downer Please note that prints... ♥ Framed Photos, Premium Framing, Photographic Prints, Jigsaw Puzzles, Poster Prints, Canvas Prints, Fine Art Prints, Mounted Photos
A recent study of resveratrol supplementation for people with Type 2 diabetes confirms the benefit of the supplement. The diabetes patients were under treatment at the time of the study. After 45 days, the study group taking the resveratrol instead of the placebo showed significantly decreased systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, insulin,…
Learn how clinical studies have found positive results in improving memory & brain function in elderly subjects through resveratrol supplementation.
Objectives To propose a feasible suggestion to reduce the high prevalence of anaemia in middle-aged and elderly women by investigating risk factors, particularly nutritional factors, and analysing the effect on anaemia in three different rural areas of China. to 0.87)) in univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis showed that body mass index, experience of food shortage, total protein and albumin were independently related to 19741-14-1 manufacture anaemia. Conclusions Among middle-aged and elderly women in rural China, the nutrition status of anaemic cases is much below that of controls. Lower body mass index and a greater experience of food shortage are closely related to anaemia. Improving the blood protein status by consuming protein-sufficient foods such as soy food is usually a feasible approach for elderly anaemic women. Further research is needed on 19741-14-1 manufacture the effect of chronic inflammation and infectious disease on anaemia in elderly women in rural China. Keywords: ...
Further, the notion that the food shortages in various poor countries is a consequence of price fluctuations or ethanol production is equally a determined effort to be willfully ignorant of the blindingly obvious. Im 50 years old and cannot remember a time in my life when there was NOT strife and famine in one part of Africa or another. Food is cheap, and it is so cheap that even the poor countries can afford it. Incredibly incompetant and insanely corrupt management is the one, and the ONLY significant factor in food shortages anywhere in the world. Zimbabwe was transformed from the bread basket of Africa to a fiscal basket case where mice are now a staple food by corrupt and idiotic management. North Koreans subsist on 4 ounces of rice per day so their dear leader can pretend to be a nuclear power while his citizens barely survive and mostly from hand outs from the rest of the world. South Korea with near identical resources struggles with obesity as an emerging health risk. Israel is just ...
More shortfalls of individual food items and ingredients are likely in the months ahead unless the viruss spread is slowed at food-processing plants
There needs to be a worldwide agricultural revolution, with farmers growing more food at less cost to the environment, Environment Secretary Caroline Spelman and International Development Secretary Andrew Mitchell said.
Here we go again. Heres something to chew on. In a month, maybe literally: Coronavirus may cause some food shortages, warns government task force WASHINGTON - The nation could begin to see food shortages for some products if the people...
Here we go again. Heres something to chew on. In a month, maybe literally: Coronavirus may cause some food shortages, warns government task force WASHINGTON - The nation could begin to see food shortages for some products if the people...
Fifty-six million years ago, just before earths carbon dioxide levels and average temperatures soared, many species of primitive primates went extinct in North America for reasons unclear to scientists. Now, a study of fossilized molars appears to exonerate one potential culprit in the animals demise: competition with primitive rodents for food.
Lemurs use concealment and camouflage to protect themselves. They also have prodigious leaping ability to flee from predators. When in groups, they watch and listen and alert each other with...
Life has improved dramatically for 140 diurnal lemurs and the husbandry staff and researchers who care for and study them, as a result of two new
Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng told LBC the government are not planning to bring in any troops to help tackle food shortages across the country. Thousands of key workers within the food supply chain have been pinged by the NHS app to isolate.
Today, the world is facing climate change, wealth inequality, housing crises, food shortages, mass migration, and now a global health pandemic. Cities are at the heart of both these problems and their solutions. Urban communication scholars are well-poised to examine the change initiatives that are both caused and inspired by such complex problems. This volume provides a collection of urban communication research focused on how examining change through the lens of communication provides unique processual understandings of cities as dynamic sites formed through the interplay between concrete cases and conceptual ideas. The first section, Change through Institutional Intervention, addresses how diverse societal institutions-including policy, regulation, planning, and voluntary arts-interplay with changes in our urban communities. The second section, Change in Place and through Space, explores various ways in which spaces and places are able to transform through communicative practice, specifically ...
As to the oppositions attempts to derail the establishment of the Constituent Assembly with street protests, rioting and a call for a nationwide boycott of the election of delegates to the new assembly, these have been undertaken in contravention of the Constitution, of which Article 349 stipulates: The President of the Republic shall not have the power to object to the new Constitution. The existing constituted authorities shall not be permitted to obstruct the Constituent Assembly in any way (my emphasis).. It goes without saying, of course, that people cannot eat a constitution. With food shortages, a shortage of medicines, and rampant inflation the norm, only the most foolish would attempt to suggest that Mr Maduro and his government have no questions to answer over a crisis that has turned Venezuelan society upside down.. But those questions are not the same as the ones being asked amid the welter of anti-government media coverage in the West. In what has been tantamount to a frogs ...
International aid organizations warned of wide spread food shortages across Syria. It is estimated that 2 million Syrian children are not getting enough food which is difficult to find. In the suburbs of Damascus, one of each 20 children, is severely malnourished. Thousands of children have already died and the rest face famine.. ...
Oh no! Theres a food shortage on Momosu! The island has lost its only vegetable supplier, and the peoples demands for food can no longer be met. Will everyone on Momosu starve to death? How can Alex and the Princes resolve this situation?
Ive been one of those big ethanol skeptics for a while, distasteful of the idea of turning food into fuel during a food shortage. Roger Cohen sets the record straight by letting us know that, down in Brazil, they have a much better way of making ethanol: not from corn, but from sugarcane, and its…
Though Russia isnt short of food, the fact that food shortages exist says much about the current state of affairs, as the country struggles to modernize its economy.
Eczema comes from within. Through poorly functioning intestines, food shortages and old emotions. Do the MIR-Method to take care of your eczema from the inside out.
You were born overweight most likely because one or both of your parents is also overweight. Be proud to be born that way even though you will be socially ridiculed and offended by nasty comments. Extra weight in nature means that you are better prepared than others to survive food shortages or famines. We no…
I, an answer to a severe food shortage at the time. The idea was wildly successful, growing an army ... partner with ODA on the Victory Gardens program. Backyard gardens are a great way for families to teach .... ...
Words starting with L (page 22): lemony, lempira, lemur, lemurian, lemurine, lemuroid, lemurs, lend, lendable, lender, lending, lends, lenes, leng, lenged, lenger, lengest, lenging, lengs, length...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for A1YLR8 (CYB_AVACL), Cytochrome b. Avahi cleesei (Cleeses woolly lemur) (Bemaraha woolly lemur)
A new species in the genus Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae). Primate Conservation (29): 43−54. Frasier, C. L., Lei, R., McLain, A ... A new species of the Cheirogaleus medius group (Cheirogaleidae) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, ...
Family Cheirogaleidae consists of the mouse lemurs (smallest of all primates), the dwarf lemurs, and the fork-marked lemurs and ... 2017). "A New Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus crossleyi Group) Species from Southeastern Madagascar" (PDF). Primate ... Cheirogaleidae Genus: Allocebus: hairy-eared dwarf lemur (1 extant species) Genus: Cheirogaleus: dwarf lemurs (9 extant species ... Cheirogaleidae)" (PDF). Primate Conservation. 29 (2): 1-12. doi:10.1896/052.029.0103. S2CID 85862748. Archived from the ...
Cheirogaleidae)" (PDF). Primate Conservation. 29 (2): 1-12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-08.. ...
The Marohita mouse lemur belongs to the genus Microcebus within the family Cheirogaleidae. The holotype was collected on 2 ... Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar". International Journal of Primatology. 34 (3): 455. doi:10.1007/s10764-013 ...
The Anosy mouse lemur belongs to the genus Microcebus within the family Cheirogaleidae. The holotype was collected on 1 April ... Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar". International Journal of Primatology. doi:10.1007/s10764-013-9672-1. Lay ...
Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar". International Journal of Primatology. 34 (3): 455-469. doi:10.1007/s10764 ...
Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar". International Journal of Primatology. 34 (3): 1-15. doi:10.1007/s10764- ...
Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs (34 species). *Family Daubentoniidae: aye-aye (one species) ...
2017). "A New Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus crossleyi Group) Species from Southeastern Madagascar" (PDF). Primate ... 2014). "Revision of Madagascar's Dwarf Lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus): Designation of Species, Candidate Species Status ...
This results in Lemuridae being a sister group to Lepilemuridae, Cheirogaleidae, and Indriidae. The other approach (Orlando et ... Using this analysis, Lepilemuridae becomes the sister group to Lemuridae, Cheirogaleidae, and Indriidae. Both phylogenies agree ... including the current Cheirogaleidae and Lepilemuridae). George Gaylord Simpson's influential 1945 classification of mammals ... in 1982 Tattersall separated the Cheirogaleidae for the dwarf lemurs, mouse lemurs and relatives, and the Lepilemuridae for the ...
Cercocebus galeritus Cercopithecus diana Cercopithecus roloway Cervus elaphus hanglu Chasmistes cujus Cheirogaleidae spp. ...
Myers, P.,"Cheirogaleidae" Animal Diversity, Accessed June 01, 2013 Zimmermann, E. S. Cepok, N. Rakotoarison, V. Zietemann, U. ... "Molecular Phylogeny of the Lemur Family Cheirogaleidae (Primates) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Sequences". Molecular ... Cheirogaleidae. These are the smallest species of lemur and are all arboreal, nocturnal, and typically social. All species of ...
They are part of the primate order, and classified in the family Cheirogaleidae. Previously, both populations of giant mouse ...
Rodzina: lemurkowate (Cheirogaleidae) *Rodzaje: lemurak (Allocebus), lemurek (Cheirogaleus), mikrus (Mirza), mikrusek ( ...
The Dwarf and Mouse Lemurs of Madagascar: Biology, Behavior and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae. Shawn M. ... Cheirogaleidae) dans le Parc National de Tsimanampetsotsa (Sud-ouest de Madagascar). Malagasy Nature, 4. Nick Garbutt: Mammals ...
Within Lemuriformes, it belongs to the family Cheirogaleidae, which contains the mouse lemurs, dwarf lemurs, giant mouse lemurs ... Cheirogaleidae: 2.1.3.32.1.3.3 × 2 = 36 This species has 66 chromosomes, closely resembling the karyotype of the dwarf lemurs ( ... Like all other members of the family Cheirogaleidae, the gray mouse lemur is nocturnal and arboreal. It inhabits lowland ... Behavior and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-316-55278-0. Eberle, M.; ...
The Lavasoa dwarf lemur belongs to the genus Cheirogaleus (dwarf lemurs) within the family Cheirogaleidae. Between October 2001 ...
Cheirogaleidae, muselemurer. *Daubentoniidae, fingerdyr. *Indriidae, indrier. *Lemuridae, lemurer. *Lepilemuridae, vesslemakier ...
They are most closely related to mouse lemurs within Cheirogaleidae, a family of small, nocturnal lemurs. Giant mouse lemurs ... giant mouse lemurs are most closely related to mouse lemurs within the family Cheirogaleidae, and together they form a clade ... and Allocebus form a clade within Cheirogaleidae, the three lineages are thought to have diverged during a narrow window of ...
Cheirogaleidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 2017 May 1;54(3):568-575. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw185. PMID 28399297, DOI: 10.1093/ ...
Microcebus berthae are typically solitary foragers, but are not without social interaction with other members of their species. About half the time, they sleep alone. Otherwise, they can be found sleeping next to one or more lemurs, with no preference or prejudice to close relatives or members of the opposite sex. Be it alone or in a group, Microcebus berthae tend to sleep in leaf nests in trees, or without a nest, in hole-like structures. On occasion, the paths of two members of the species may cross, leading to different kinds of social encounters. Some encounters involve bouts of mutual grooming, sex, or huddling (an activity which can last up to 23 minutes). Other meet-ups between lemurs might include chasing, biting and grabbing. Overall, male-male and female-female interactions do not differ qualitatively. Unlike other species of lemur, Microcebus berthae do not hibernate during the cold-dry season, instead compensating for food scarcity with a larger than average home range.[10]. In a ...
Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus medius Group) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, Madagascar" (PDF). Primate ...
Family Cheirogaleidae. *Family Daubentoniidae. *Family Indriidae. *Family Lemuridae. *Family Lepilemuridae. *Family † ...
Cheirogaleidae, Lemuriformes) with remarks on the phylogenetic relations of the tree shrews (Scandentia) to primates". ...
Little is known about the life span of the species, but other species in the similar genus Cheirogaleidae are thought to live ... Albert Günther in 1875 as Cheirogaleus trichotis as part of the Cheirogaleidae family, or the dwarf lemurs. However, in 1967 ...
When first described, Bugtilemur was classified in the lemur family Cheirogaleidae, complicating the picture of the early ...
Amber Mountain fork-marked lemur Cheirogaleidae (Gray, 1873) Allocebus (Petter-Rousseaux and Petter, 1967) Allocebus trichotis ...
Family Cheirogaleidae: (32 species), dwarf lemurs (Madagascar) Family Lemuridae: (22 species), lemurs (Madagascar) Family ... pen-tailed treeshrew Order Primates Family Cheirogaleidae (dwarf lemurs, mouse lemurs) Family Lemuridae (lemurs) Family ... lorises and galagos Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs Superfamily Indroidea Family †Archaeolemuridae Family † ...
... cheirogaleidae MeSH B01.150.900.649.801.700.508 - lemuridae MeSH B01.150.900.649.801.700.508.490 - lemur MeSH B01.150.900.649. ...
Cheirogaleidae) True, bamboo, and ruffed lemurs (Lemuridae) Sportive lemur (Lepilemuridae) Woolly lemurs, sifakas, and the ...
The Cheirogaleidae are the family of strepsirrhine primates containing the various dwarf and mouse lemurs. Like all other ... Infraorder Lemuriformes Family Cheirogaleidae Genus Cheirogaleus: dwarf lemurs C. medius group Fat-tailed dwarf lemur, ... but the name Cheirogaleidae has been retained for stability. b In 2008, 7 new species of Microcebus were formally recognized, ... Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar". International Journal of Primatology. 34 (3): 1-15. doi:10.1007/s10764- ...
... Dwarf Lemurs and Mouse Lemurs. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window ... Cheirogaleidae. Dwarf Lemurs and Mouse Lemurs. Version 09 August 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Cheirogaleidae/16351/ ...
Familia: Cheirogaleidae. Genera (5): Allocebus - Cheirogaleus - Microcebus - Mirza - Phaner Име[редактиране]. *Cheirogaleidae ... Cheirogaleidae in Mammal Species of the World. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World ... Взето от „https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cheirogaleidae&oldid=7296297". ...
1. The red island and the seven dwarfs: body size reduction in Cheirogaleidae ... Cheirogaleidae; Lemuridae; body size; diet; dwarfing; fecundity; habitats; life history; models; ontogeny; phylogeny; plant ... AIM: Small body size in Madagascars dwarf and mouse lemurs (Cheirogaleidae) is generally viewed as primitive. We investigated ... Cheirogaleidae Remove constraint Subject: Cheirogaleidae Start Over ...
Cheirogaleidae (Dwarf/mouse lemur kind). Cheirogaleidae, the first of four families of lemurs (Infraorder: Lemurformes), is ...
Reghem, E., Tia, B., Bels, V. & Pouydebat, E. Food prehension and manipulation in Microcebus murinus; (Prosimii, Cheirogaleidae ... Cheirogaleidae, Daubentoniidae, Indriidae, Lemuridae, Galagidae and Lorisidae), excluding Lepilemuridae. Nearly all data were ...
Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs (34 species). *Family Daubentoniidae: aye-aye (one species) ...
... specie di animale della famiglia Cheirogaleidae (it); espèce de mammifères (fr); نوع من الثدييات (ar); вид бозайник (bg); ... Cheirogaleidae • Genus: Allocebus • Species: Allocebus trichotis (Günther, 1875) ...
Rodzina: lemurkowate (Cheirogaleidae) *Rodzaje: lemurak (Allocebus), lemurek (Cheirogaleus), mikrus (Mirza), mikrusek ( ...
Cheirogaleidae. Scientific Name:. Microcebus mamiratra Andriantompohavana, Zaonarivelo, Engberg, Randriamampionona, McGuire, ...
Cheirogaleidae, muselemurer. *Daubentoniidae, fingerdyr. *Indriidae, indrier. *Lemuridae, lemurer. *Lepilemuridae, vesslemakier ...
Cheirogaleidae; OC Microcebus. OX NCBI_TaxID=30608; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the ...
Cheirogaleidae. Fork-marked lemurs. Cheirogaleidae. Mouse lemurs. Cheirogaleidae. Giant mouse lemurs. Cheirogaleidae. Hairy- ...
Cheirogaleidae • Data Interpretation, Statistical • Databases, Factual • Dental Enamel Proteins • Dentition • Development • ...
ResearchGate.net/publication/257570961_Two_New_Species_of_Mouse_Lemurs_Cheirogaleidae_Microcebus_from_Eastern_Madagascar ... Two New Species of Mouse Lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, DOI ... Primatology • 2013] Microcebus marohita & M. tanosi , Two New Species of Mouse Lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern ... ป้ายกำกับ: 2013, Africa, African Mammal, Cheirogaleidae, Lemur, Madagascar, Mammalogy, Primate, Taxonomy ...
Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs. *Superfamily Lemuroidea *Family Lemuridae: lemurs ...
A new species in the genus Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae). Primate Conservation (29): 43−54. Frasier, C. L., Lei, R., McLain, A ... A new species of the Cheirogaleus medius group (Cheirogaleidae) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, ...
Cheirogaleidae (Dwarf lemurs, Mouse lemurs) *Indridae (Indrisoids, Avahis, Sifakas, Indris) *Daubentoniidae (Aye Aye). * ... Relative position of the Cheirogaleidae in strepsirhine phylogeny: a comparison of morphological and molecular methods and ...
Microcebus berthae are typically solitary foragers, but are not without social interaction with other members of their species. About half the time, they sleep alone. Otherwise, they can be found sleeping next to one or more lemurs, with no preference or prejudice to close relatives or members of the opposite sex. Be it alone or in a group, Microcebus berthae tend to sleep in leaf nests in trees, or without a nest, in hole-like structures. On occasion, the paths of two members of the species may cross, leading to different kinds of social encounters. Some encounters involve bouts of mutual grooming, sex, or huddling (an activity which can last up to 23 minutes). Other meet-ups between lemurs might include chasing, biting and grabbing. Overall, male-male and female-female interactions do not differ qualitatively. Unlike other species of lemur, Microcebus berthae do not hibernate during the cold-dry season, instead compensating for food scarcity with a larger than average home range.[10]. In a ...
Family: Cheirogaleidae. Genus: Microcebus. Species: M. berthae, M. bongolavensis, M. danfossi, M. griseorufus, M. jollyae, M. ...
Family Cheirogaleidae. *Family Daubentoniidae. *Family Indriidae. *Family Lemuridae. *Family Lepilemuridae. *Family † ...
Presence of 3 light receiving cones in eyes. Allows for greater perception of color. Possibly evolved in primates as an adaptation to find yellow, orange and red fruit on green leafy background. ...
Extant species of family Cheirogaleidae. Kingdom: Animalia · Phylum: Chordata · Class: Mammalia · Order: Primates · Suborder: ...
Family: Cheirogaleidae. Genus: Cheirogaleus. Species. Cheirogaleus major. Common name. Greater dwarf lemur. Synonyms. Lemur ...
Cheirogaleidae. Mouse and Dwarf lemurs. Nocturnal. Cheirogaleidae. Hairy-eared Dwarf Mouse-lemur. Allocebus trichotis Nocturnal ... Cheirogaleidae. Greater Dwarf Lemur. Cheirogaleus major Matavirambo. Nocturnal. +. Cheirogaleidae. Western Fat-tailed Dwarf ... Cheirogaleidae. Golden Mouse-lemur. Microcebus ravelobensis Tsidy. Nocturnal. Cheirogaleidae. Red Mouse-lemur. Microcebus rufus ... Cheirogaleidae. Lesser Iron Gray Dwarf Lemur. Cheirogaleus minusculus Matavirambo. Nocturnal. Cheirogaleidae. Greater Iron Gray ...
Family: Cheirogaleidae. Genus: Phaner. Species. Phaner furcifer. Common name. Fork-marked lemur. Lifespan, ageing, and relevant ...
Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf and mouse lemurs *Family Lemuridae: lemurs *Family Megaladapidae" sportive lemurs ...
2013) Two new species of mouse lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from eastern Madagascar. Int J Primatol 34(3):455-469. ... and cox2 sequences for 332 individuals from 26 described species and three undescribed putative species within Cheirogaleidae. ...
Two new species of mouse lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from eastern Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 34: 455-469. ... A new species of the Cheirogaleus medius group (Cheirogaleidae) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, ... A new Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus crossleyi Group) species from southeastern Madagascar. Primate Conserv. (31): ... A new species in the genus Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae). Primate Conserv. (29): 43−54. ...
  • The Cheirogaleidae are the family of strepsirrhine primates containing the various dwarf and mouse lemurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIM: Small body size in Madagascar's dwarf and mouse lemurs (Cheirogaleidae) is generally viewed as primitive. (usda.gov)
  • We belong to the family Hominidae while mouse lemurs belong to the family Cheirogaleidae, however. (hubpages.com)
  • In: Lehmann S, Radespiel U, Zimmermann E (eds) Dwarf and Mouse Lemurs of Madagascar: Biology, Behavior and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae. (uni-hamburg.de)
  • The Dwarf and Mouse Lemurs of Madagascar: Biology, Behavior and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae , 73, 235. (chesterzoo.org)
  • We have no specimens of dwarf or mouse lemurs (family Cheirogaleidae) or indris (family Indriidae). (ed.ac.uk)
  • In Dwarf and Mouse Lemurs of Madagascar: Biology, Behavior, and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae. (yolasite.com)
  • Abstract The ixodid ticks parasitizing small-bodied nocturnal mouse and dwarf lemurs (Primates, Cheirogaleidae) in Madagascar are poorly documented. (umass.edu)
  • Microcebus margotmarshae is a species of primate in the family Cheirogaleidae . (eol.org)
  • En fait, ils ressemblent simplement aux primates ancestraux. (dbpedia.org)
  • A new species in the genus Cheirogaleus (Cheirogaleidae). (wikipedia.org)
  • A new species of the Cheirogaleus medius group (Cheirogaleidae) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, Madagascar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative position of the Cheirogaleidae in strepsirhine phylogeny: a comparison of morphological and molecular methods and results. (tolweb.org)