Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.
Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Berlin" is not a medical term or concept to the best of my knowledge and searching through medical resources. It's actually the capital city of Germany, known for its rich history, diverse architecture, vibrant culture, and significant landmarks such as the Berlin Wall and Brandenburg Gate.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
Nursing practice limited to an office setting.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Hospital department responsible for the flow of patients and the processing of admissions, discharges, transfers, and also most procedures to be carried out in the event of a patient's death.
Female parents, human or animal.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Guatemala" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. Guatemala is the name of a country located in Central America, known officially as the Republic of Guatemala. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help with those!
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The assessment of the functioning of an employee in relation to work.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Care of the newborn infant in a crib near the mother's bed, instead of in a nursery, during the hospital stay.

Statistical reviewers improve reporting in biomedical articles: a randomized trial. (1/369)

BACKGROUND: Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT or STARD to clinical reviewers or both. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Interventions were defined as 1) the addition of a statistical reviewer to the clinical peer review process, and 2) suggesting reporting guidelines to reviewers; with "no statistical expert" and "no checklist" as controls. The two interventions were crossed in a 2x2 balanced factorial design including original research articles consecutively selected, between May 2004 and March 2005, by the Medicina Clinica (Barc) editorial committee. We randomized manuscripts to minimize differences in terms of baseline quality and type of study (intervention, longitudinal, cross-sectional, others). Sample-size calculations indicated that 100 papers provide an 80% power to test a 55% standardized difference. We specified the main outcome as the increment in quality of papers as measured on the Goodman Scale. Two blinded evaluators rated the quality of manuscripts at initial submission and final post peer review version. Of the 327 manuscripts submitted to the journal, 131 were accepted for further review, and 129 were randomized. Of those, 14 that were lost to follow-up showed no differences in initial quality to the followed-up papers. Hence, 115 were included in the main analysis, with 16 rejected for publication after peer review. 21 (18.3%) of the 115 included papers were interventions, 46 (40.0%) were longitudinal designs, 28 (24.3%) cross-sectional and 20 (17.4%) others. The 16 (13.9%) rejected papers had a significantly lower initial score on the overall Goodman scale than accepted papers (difference 15.0, 95% CI: 4.6-24.4). The effect of suggesting a guideline to the reviewers had no effect on change in overall quality as measured by the Goodman scale (0.9, 95% CI: -0.3-+2.1). The estimated effect of adding a statistical reviewer was 5.5 (95% CI: 4.3-6.7), showing a significant improvement in quality. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: This prospective randomized study shows the positive effect of adding a statistical reviewer to the field-expert peers in improving manuscript quality. We did not find a statistically significant positive effect by suggesting reviewers use reporting guidelines.  (+info)

CBCL pediatric bipolar disorder profile and ADHD: comorbidity and quantitative trait loci analysis. (2/369)


Assessment of explanatory models of mental illness: effects of patient and interviewer characteristics. (3/369)


Development of a work improvement checklist for occupational mental health focused on requests from workers. (4/369)

OBJECTIVES: To develop tools offering definite orientation for managers and employees to support their work improvement through occupational mental health. This research was a part of the Mental Health Improvement & Reinforcement Study (MIR study), conducted from October 2004 to March 2006. METHODS: We developed a trial version named the Kaizen Check List (KCL) by referring to problem solving methods for quality management. Then we improved it for a formal version named MIR Research of Recognition (MIRROR). A feedback form named MIR Action Guidance (MIRAGe) was also developed. We analyzed data from 1,953 respondents at five manufacturing enterprises in Japan using MIRROR and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) to determine whether or not the workers requesting work improvement had more stress than other workers. RESULTS: The KCL had 47 items, which indicated desirable working conditions for mental health at work, and four answer categories. MIRROR has 45 selected items and improved answer categories. MIRAGe displays the results of MIRROR and step-by-step guidance for work improvement. Respondents with request had significantly higher scores in stressor and lower scores in buffer factors compared with respondents without request in many items of MIRROR. CONCLUSIONS: A combinational use of MIRROR and stress scales is useful for finding worksites with high risk factors for mental health and for directing focus on work improvement at these worksites according to workers' requests.  (+info)

Development of an evidence-based checklist for the detection of drug related problems in type 2 diabetes. (5/369)


Curricular analysis of competency-based osteopathic medical education: application of a matrix for quality enhancement to a standardized patient encounter example. (6/369)

CONTEXT: With the formal adoption of the seven core competencies, the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation instructed osteopathic medical educators to guide curricular development with these goals in mind. Tools to facilitate and monitor these purposes have been under development separately at each of the nation's colleges of osteopathic medicine. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the utility of a checklist-based curriculum assessment tool, the Matrix for Quality Enhancement, as developed at Kirksville (Mo) College of Osteopathic Medicine-A.T. Still University. METHODS: APPLICATION of the Matrix is illustrated using examples selected from our analysis of a set of 16 standardized patient encounters provided as part of a first-year basic science course in medical microbiology. Encounters were developed to improve student understanding of infectious disease entities while also providing a variety of clinical experiences. Feedback on professionalism and humanistic behaviors was also provided. A novel aspect of the Matrix is the inclusion of a component dealing with patient safety. APPLICATION: Adding standardized patient encounters to the medical microbiology teaching program at Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine was an effective means of integrating educational experiences with the seven core competencies, the requirements of Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA Level 2-PE (Performance Evaluation), and patient safety issues. CONCLUSION: The Matrix is a valuable tool for evaluating or developing curricular components that maintain osteopathic integrity while working toward standards for medical education specified by the commission.  (+info)

Developmental effects of aggressive behavior in male adolescents assessed with structural and functional brain imaging. (7/369)


Depressive symptomatology, rather than neuroticism, predicts inflated physical symptom reports in community-residing women. (8/369)


A checklist is a type of tool used in various fields, including medicine, to ensure that all necessary steps or items are accounted for and completed in a systematic and standardized manner. It typically consists of a list of tasks or items that need to be checked off as they are finished. In a medical context, checklists can be used in a variety of settings such as surgery, patient care, and research to improve safety, reduce errors, and enhance the quality of care. They help to standardize processes, promote communication, and ensure that important steps are not overlooked.

Childhood behavior disorders are a group of disruptive behaviors that are more frequent or severe than is typical for the child's age and development. These behaviors can cause significant impairment in the child's life, including their relationships with family, friends, and at school. Common examples of childhood behavior disorders include:

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A chronic condition characterized by difficulty paying attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior towards authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules.
4. Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED): A disorder characterized by recurrent impulsive aggressive behavior disproportionate to the situation.
5. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.
6. Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.

It's important to note that children with behavior disorders often have other conditions such as learning disabilities, mood disorders, or anxiety disorders. Early identification and treatment of these disorders can significantly improve the child's outcome.

Patient safety is defined as the prevention, reduction, and elimination of errors, injuries, accidents, and other adverse events that can harm patients during the delivery of healthcare. It involves the creation of a healthcare environment that is safe for patients, where risks are minimized, and patient care is consistently delivered at a high quality level. Patient safety is an essential component of healthcare quality and is achieved through evidence-based practices, continuous improvement, education, and collaboration among healthcare professionals, patients, and their families.

Child behavior refers to the actions, reactions, and interactions exhibited by children in response to their environment, experiences, and developmental stage. It is a broad term that encompasses various aspects, including emotional, social, cognitive, and physical development.

Child behavior can be categorized into two main types:

1. Desirable or positive behaviors - These are behaviors that promote healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include sharing toys, following rules, expressing emotions appropriately, and demonstrating empathy towards others.
2. Challenging or negative behaviors - These are behaviors that hinder healthy development, social interactions, and learning. Examples include aggression, defiance, tantrums, anxiety, and withdrawal.

Understanding child behavior is crucial for parents, caregivers, educators, and healthcare professionals to provide appropriate support, guidance, and interventions to promote positive developmental outcomes in children. Factors influencing child behavior include genetics, temperament, environment, parenting style, and life experiences.

An operating room, also known as an operating theatre or surgery suite, is a specially equipped and staffed hospital department where surgical procedures are performed. It is a sterile environment with controlled temperature, humidity, and air quality to minimize the risk of infection during surgeries. The room is typically equipped with medical equipment such as an operating table, surgical lights, anesthesia machines, monitoring equipment, and various surgical instruments. Access to the operating room is usually restricted to trained medical personnel to maintain a sterile environment and ensure patient safety.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

The branch of transportation concerned with flying aircraft, including the design, development, production, and operation of airplanes, helicopters, and other flying machines. In a medical context, aviation may refer to the study of the effects of flight on the human body, particularly in relation to pilot health and safety, or to the medical aspects of aviation, such as aeromedical evacuation and transportation of patients by air.

A patient handoff, also known as sign-out or handover, is the transfer of responsibility and accountability for a patient's care between healthcare providers. It typically occurs during shift changes, when one provider (e.g., physician, nurse) ending their shift transfers care of their patients to another provider who will be taking over the next shift.

The purpose of a patient handoff is to ensure continuity and safety of care by communicating essential information about the patient's condition, treatment plan, ongoing concerns, and any other relevant details that the oncoming provider should be aware of. Effective patient handoffs involve clear communication, active listening, and the use of standardized tools or checklists to facilitate the exchange of information.

Proper patient handoff procedures are critical in preventing medical errors, improving patient safety, and ensuring high-quality care during transitions of care.

Safety management is a systematic and organized approach to managing health and safety in the workplace. It involves the development, implementation, and monitoring of policies, procedures, and practices with the aim of preventing accidents, injuries, and occupational illnesses. Safety management includes identifying hazards, assessing risks, setting objectives and targets for improving safety performance, implementing controls, and evaluating the effectiveness of those controls. The goal of safety management is to create a safe and healthy work environment that protects workers, visitors, and others who may be affected by workplace activities. It is an integral part of an organization's overall management system and requires the active involvement and commitment of managers, supervisors, and employees at all levels.

Psychometrics is a branch of psychology that deals with the theory and technique of psychological measurement, such as the development and standardization of tests used to measure intelligence, aptitude, personality, attitudes, and other mental abilities or traits. It involves the construction and validation of measurement instruments, including the determination of their reliability and validity, and the application of statistical methods to analyze test data and interpret results. The ultimate goal of psychometrics is to provide accurate, objective, and meaningful measurements that can be used to understand individual differences and make informed decisions in educational, clinical, and organizational settings.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "publishing" is not a term that has a medical definition. Publishing typically refers to the process of preparing and disseminating information, such as books, journals, or articles, to the public or a specific audience. It could involve both print and digital media. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

The "Bibliography of Medicine" is a comprehensive and authoritative bibliographic database that indexes and abstracts biomedical literature from scientific journal articles, books, conference proceedings, and other important sources. It has been produced by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) in the United States since 1964.

The "Bibliography of Medicine" covers a wide range of topics related to medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the preclinical sciences, and the health care system. It includes articles from over 5,000 scientific journals published worldwide in more than 40 languages.

The database is available online through various platforms such as PubMed, MEDLINE, and NLM's Literature Selection Unit (LSU). The information in the "Bibliography of Medicine" is organized using a controlled vocabulary called Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), which helps users to search for and retrieve relevant articles based on their specific research interests.

The "Bibliography of Medicine" is an essential resource for medical professionals, researchers, students, and anyone interested in the latest developments in biomedical research. It provides access to high-quality, peer-reviewed literature that can inform clinical practice, guide research agendas, and support evidence-based decision making.

Affective symptoms refer to emotional or mood-related disturbances that can occur in various medical and psychological conditions. These symptoms may include:

1. Depression: feelings of sadness, hopelessness, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of death or suicide.
2. Anxiety: excessive worry, fear, or nervousness, often accompanied by physical symptoms such as a rapid heartbeat, sweating, and trembling.
3. Irritability: easily annoyed or agitated, often leading to outbursts of anger or frustration.
4. Mania or hypomania: abnormally elevated mood, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, racing thoughts, and impulsive or risky behavior.
5. Apathy: lack of interest, motivation, or emotion, often leading to social withdrawal and decreased activity levels.
6. Mood lability: rapid and unpredictable shifts in mood, ranging from extreme happiness to sadness, anger, or anxiety.

Affective symptoms can significantly impact a person's quality of life and ability to function in daily activities. They may be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, brain chemistry imbalances, stress, trauma, and medical conditions. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for managing affective symptoms and improving overall well-being.

'Guidelines' in the medical context are systematically developed statements or sets of recommendations designed to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available evidence, including scientific studies, expert opinions, and patient values. Guidelines may cover a wide range of topics, such as diagnosis, treatment, prevention, screening, and management of various diseases and conditions. They aim to standardize care, improve patient outcomes, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote efficient use of healthcare resources.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is not a medical condition or term, but rather a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. Here's a brief description:

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as the global authority on public health issues. Established in 1948, WHO's primary role is to coordinate and collaborate with its member states to promote health, prevent diseases, and ensure universal access to healthcare services. WHO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has regional offices around the world. It plays a crucial role in setting global health standards, monitoring disease outbreaks, and providing guidance on various public health concerns, including infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases, mental health, environmental health, and maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health.

Medical errors can be defined as the failure to complete a task (commission) or the use of an incorrect plan of action (omission) that results in harm to the patient. This can include mistakes made in diagnosis, treatment planning, medication dosage, health management, and other medical services. Medical errors can be caused by individual health care providers, system failures, communication breakdowns, or a combination of these factors. They are a significant source of preventable harm and can lead to patient death, injury, increased healthcare costs, and decreased trust in the medical profession.

A "Research Report" in the medical context is a comprehensive and systematic documentation of the entire process, findings, and conclusions of a scientific research study. It typically includes an abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion sections. The report may also contain information about the funding sources, potential conflicts of interest, and ethical considerations related to the research. The purpose of a research report is to allow other researchers to critically evaluate the study, replicate its findings, and build upon its knowledge. It should adhere to strict standards of scientific reporting and be written in a clear, concise, and objective manner.

Psychiatric Status Rating Scales are standardized assessment tools used by mental health professionals to evaluate and rate the severity of a person's psychiatric symptoms and functioning. These scales provide a systematic and structured approach to measuring various aspects of an individual's mental health, such as mood, anxiety, psychosis, behavior, and cognitive abilities.

The purpose of using Psychiatric Status Rating Scales is to:

1. Assess the severity and improvement of psychiatric symptoms over time.
2. Aid in diagnostic decision-making and treatment planning.
3. Monitor treatment response and adjust interventions accordingly.
4. Facilitate communication among mental health professionals about a patient's status.
5. Provide an objective basis for research and epidemiological studies.

Examples of Psychiatric Status Rating Scales include:

1. Clinical Global Impression (CGI): A brief, subjective rating scale that measures overall illness severity, treatment response, and improvement.
2. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS): A comprehensive scale used to assess the symptoms of psychosis, including positive, negative, and general psychopathology domains.
3. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) or Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS): Scales used to evaluate the severity of depressive symptoms.
4. Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS): A scale used to assess the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms.
5. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) or Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R): Scales that measure a broad range of psychiatric symptoms and psychopathology.
6. Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF): A scale used to rate an individual's overall psychological, social, and occupational functioning on a hypothetical continuum of mental health-illness.

It is important to note that Psychiatric Status Rating Scales should be administered by trained mental health professionals to ensure accurate and reliable results.

I apologize, but "Berlin" is not a medical term or condition. Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany, known for its rich history, culture, and scientific contributions. It does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you.

A personality assessment is a systematic process used by healthcare professionals to evaluate and understand an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior. It typically involves the use of standardized measures, such as self-report questionnaires, interviews, and observational techniques, to gather information about an individual's personality traits, attitudes, values, and behaviors.

The goal of a personality assessment is to provide a comprehensive and integrated understanding of an individual's unique personality style, including their strengths, weaknesses, and potential vulnerabilities. This information can be useful in a variety of contexts, including clinical treatment planning, vocational counseling, and forensic evaluation.

It is important to note that personality assessments should always be conducted by qualified professionals with appropriate training and expertise in the use of these measures. Additionally, while personality assessments can provide valuable insights into an individual's personality style, they are not infallible and should always be considered alongside other sources of information when making important decisions about treatment or management.

Diagnostic techniques and procedures are methods used by medical professionals to identify the cause of symptoms, illnesses, or diseases. These can include physical examinations, patient interviews, review of medical history, and various diagnostic tests. Diagnostic tests may involve invasive procedures such as biopsies or surgical interventions, or non-invasive imaging techniques like X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasounds. Functional tests, such as stress testing or electroencephalogram (EEG), can also be used to evaluate the functioning of specific organs or systems in the body. Laboratory tests, including blood tests, urine tests, and genetic tests, are also common diagnostic procedures. The choice of diagnostic technique or procedure depends on the presenting symptoms, the patient's medical history, and the suspected underlying condition.

The Delphi technique is a structured communication method used to reach a consensus through a series of rounds of questionnaires or surveys. It was originally developed as a way for experts to share their opinions and come to an agreement on a particular topic, even when they may not be able to meet in person. The process typically involves:

1. Identifying a panel of experts in the relevant field.
2. Developing a series of questions or statements related to the topic at hand.
3. Distributing the questions or statements to the panel and collecting their responses.
4. Analyzing the responses and providing feedback to the panel.
5. Repeating steps 3-4 for multiple rounds until a consensus is reached or it becomes clear that a consensus cannot be achieved.

The Delphi technique is often used in healthcare and other fields to gather expert opinions on controversial or complex topics, such as setting clinical guidelines or developing new technologies. It can help to ensure that the perspectives of a diverse group of experts are taken into account, and that the final consensus reflects a broad range of viewpoints.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, serious accident, war combat, rape, or violent personal assault. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), PTSD is characterized by the following symptoms, which must last for more than one month:

1. Intrusion symptoms: These include distressing memories, nightmares, flashbacks, or intense psychological distress or reactivity to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
2. Avoidance symptoms: Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event, including thoughts, feelings, conversations, activities, places, or people.
3. Negative alterations in cognitions and mood: This includes negative beliefs about oneself, others, or the world; distorted blame of self or others for causing the trauma; persistent negative emotional state; decreased interest in significant activities; and feelings of detachment or estrangement from others.
4. Alterations in arousal and reactivity: This includes irritable behavior and angry outbursts, reckless or self-destructive behavior, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, problems with concentration, and sleep disturbance.
5. Duration of symptoms: The symptoms must last for more than one month.
6. Functional significance: The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

It is essential to note that PTSD can occur at any age and can be accompanied by various physical and mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, memory problems, and other difficulties in cognition. Appropriate treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, can significantly improve the symptoms and overall quality of life for individuals with PTSD.

Factor analysis is a statistical technique used to identify patterns or structures in a dataset by explaining the correlations between variables. It is a method of simplifying complex data by reducing it to a smaller set of underlying factors that can explain most of the variation in the data. In other words, factor analysis is a way to uncover hidden relationships between multiple variables and group them into meaningful categories or factors.

In factor analysis, each variable is represented as a linear combination of underlying factors, where the factors are unobserved variables that cannot be directly measured but can only be inferred from the observed data. The goal is to identify these underlying factors and determine their relationships with the observed variables. This technique is commonly used in various fields such as psychology, social sciences, marketing, and biomedical research to explore complex datasets and gain insights into the underlying structure of the data.

There are two main types of factor analysis: exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). EFA is used when there is no prior knowledge about the underlying factors, and the goal is to discover the potential structure in the data. CFA, on the other hand, is used when there is a theoretical framework or hypothesis about the underlying factors, and the goal is to test whether the observed data support this framework or hypothesis.

In summary, factor analysis is a statistical method for reducing complex datasets into simpler components called factors, which can help researchers identify patterns, structures, and relationships in the data.

Anesthesiology is a medical specialty concerned with providing anesthesia, which is the loss of sensation or awareness, to patients undergoing surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures. Anesthesiologists are responsible for administering various types of anesthetics, monitoring the patient's vital signs during the procedure, and managing any complications that may arise. They also play a critical role in pain management before, during, and after surgery, as well as in the treatment of chronic pain conditions.

Anesthesiologists work closely with other medical professionals, including surgeons, anesthetists, nurses, and respiratory therapists, to ensure that patients receive the best possible care. They must have a thorough understanding of human physiology, pharmacology, and anatomy, as well as excellent communication skills and the ability to make quick decisions under high pressure.

The primary goal of anesthesiology is to provide safe and effective anesthesia that minimizes pain and discomfort while maximizing patient safety and comfort. This requires a deep understanding of the risks and benefits associated with different types of anesthetics, as well as the ability to tailor the anesthetic plan to each individual patient's needs and medical history.

In summary, anesthesiology is a critical medical specialty focused on providing safe and effective anesthesia and pain management for patients undergoing surgical or other medical procedures.

"Quality control" is a term that is used in many industries, including healthcare and medicine, to describe the systematic process of ensuring that products or services meet certain standards and regulations. In the context of healthcare, quality control often refers to the measures taken to ensure that the care provided to patients is safe, effective, and consistent. This can include processes such as:

1. Implementing standardized protocols and guidelines for care
2. Training and educating staff to follow these protocols
3. Regularly monitoring and evaluating the outcomes of care
4. Making improvements to processes and systems based on data and feedback
5. Ensuring that equipment and supplies are maintained and functioning properly
6. Implementing systems for reporting and addressing safety concerns or errors.

The goal of quality control in healthcare is to provide high-quality, patient-centered care that meets the needs and expectations of patients, while also protecting their safety and well-being.

Quality Assurance in the context of healthcare refers to a systematic approach and set of activities designed to ensure that health care services and products consistently meet predetermined standards of quality and safety. It includes all the policies, procedures, and processes that are put in place to monitor, assess, and improve the quality of healthcare delivery.

The goal of quality assurance is to minimize variability in clinical practice, reduce medical errors, and ensure that patients receive evidence-based care that is safe, effective, timely, patient-centered, and equitable. Quality assurance activities may include:

1. Establishing standards of care based on best practices and clinical guidelines.
2. Developing and implementing policies and procedures to ensure compliance with these standards.
3. Providing education and training to healthcare professionals to improve their knowledge and skills.
4. Conducting audits, reviews, and evaluations of healthcare services and processes to identify areas for improvement.
5. Implementing corrective actions to address identified issues and prevent their recurrence.
6. Monitoring and measuring outcomes to evaluate the effectiveness of quality improvement initiatives.

Quality assurance is an ongoing process that requires continuous evaluation and improvement to ensure that healthcare delivery remains safe, effective, and patient-centered.

A research design in medical or healthcare research is a systematic plan that guides the execution and reporting of research to address a specific research question or objective. It outlines the overall strategy for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data to draw valid conclusions. The design includes details about the type of study (e.g., experimental, observational), sampling methods, data collection techniques, data analysis approaches, and any potential sources of bias or confounding that need to be controlled for. A well-defined research design helps ensure that the results are reliable, generalizable, and relevant to the research question, ultimately contributing to evidence-based practice in medicine and healthcare.

Clinical competence is the ability of a healthcare professional to provide safe and effective patient care, demonstrating the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for the job. It involves the integration of theoretical knowledge with practical skills, judgment, and decision-making abilities in real-world clinical situations. Clinical competence is typically evaluated through various methods such as direct observation, case studies, simulations, and feedback from peers and supervisors.

A clinically competent healthcare professional should be able to:

1. Demonstrate a solid understanding of the relevant medical knowledge and its application in clinical practice.
2. Perform essential clinical skills proficiently and safely.
3. Communicate effectively with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals.
4. Make informed decisions based on critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.
5. Exhibit professionalism, ethical behavior, and cultural sensitivity in patient care.
6. Continuously evaluate and improve their performance through self-reflection and ongoing learning.

Maintaining clinical competence is essential for healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients and stay current with advances in medical science and technology.

Autistic Disorder, also known as Autism or Classic Autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. It is characterized by:

1. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including:
* Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity;
* Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction;
* Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
2. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following:
* Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech;
* Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior;
* Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus;
* Hyper- or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment.
3. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities) and limit or impair everyday functioning.
4. Symptoms do not occur exclusively during the course of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or other psychotic disorders.

Autistic Disorder is part of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), which also include Asperger's Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The current diagnostic term for this category of conditions, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), is Autism Spectrum Disorder.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "parents" is not a term that has a medical definition. In general usage, parents are the two people (typically) who bring up and care for a child, or who have given birth to or adopted a child. They are responsible for the child's housing, food, clothing, education, and medical care. Is there a specific medical or healthcare-related context you had in mind? I would be happy to help further if I can.

I believe you may be looking for the term "human factors engineering" or "ergonomics," as there is no widely recognized medical definition for "human engineering." Human factors engineering is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the design and integration of systems, products, and environments to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. This includes considering human capabilities, limitations, and characteristics in the design process to ensure safe, efficient, and effective interactions between humans and technology.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Netherlands" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Western Europe, known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system, and legalized marijuana and prostitution. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. It's associated with distress and/or impaired functioning in social, occupational, or other important areas of life, often leading to a decrease in quality of life. These disorders are typically persistent and can be severe and disabling. They may be related to factors such as genetics, early childhood experiences, or trauma. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders. It's important to note that a diagnosis should be made by a qualified mental health professional.

Torture is not typically defined in medical terms, but it is recognized as a severe violation of human rights by the World Medical Association (WMA), the United Nations (UN), and other international bodies. The UN defines torture as:

"any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions."

The WMA's Declaration of Tokyo states that "physicians shall not countenance, condone or participate in the practice of torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" and defines torture as "the deliberate, systematic or wanton infliction of physical or mental suffering by one or more persons acting alone or on behalf of others."

Medical professionals play a critical role in identifying, documenting, and reporting torture, as well as providing care and support to survivors.

Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is a medical approach that combines the best available scientific evidence with clinical expertise and patient values to make informed decisions about diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. It emphasizes the use of systematic research, including randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses, to guide clinical decision making. EBM aims to provide the most effective and efficient care while minimizing variations in practice, reducing errors, and improving patient outcomes.

Guideline adherence, in the context of medicine, refers to the extent to which healthcare professionals follow established clinical practice guidelines or recommendations in their daily practice. These guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to assist practitioners and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. Adherence to evidence-based guidelines can help improve the quality of care, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote optimal patient outcomes. Factors that may influence guideline adherence include clinician awareness, familiarity, agreement, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and the complexity of the recommendation.

"Review literature" is a term used to describe a type of scientific or academic writing that summarizes and synthesizes existing research on a particular topic. A review literature article, also known as a literature review, provides an overview of the current state of knowledge on a subject, highlighting the most important studies, methods, findings, and controversies.

A well-conducted review literature article is based on a thorough and systematic search of the relevant scientific or academic databases, journals, and other sources of information. The selection of studies for inclusion in the review is typically based on specific criteria, such as the quality of the research design, the relevance of the findings to the topic, and the publication date.

The purpose of a review literature article is to provide a critical analysis of the existing research, identify gaps in the current knowledge, and suggest directions for future research. It can also serve as a guide for researchers, clinicians, policymakers, and other stakeholders who are interested in staying up-to-date with the latest developments in their field.

In medical contexts, review literature articles are often used to inform evidence-based practice, clinical guidelines, and health policy decisions. They can also help to identify research priorities and guide funding agencies in allocating resources for future studies.

Psychological stress is the response of an individual's mind and body to challenging or demanding situations. It can be defined as a state of emotional and physical tension resulting from adversity, demand, or change. This response can involve a variety of symptoms, including emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and physiological components.

Emotional responses may include feelings of anxiety, fear, anger, sadness, or frustration. Cognitive responses might involve difficulty concentrating, racing thoughts, or negative thinking patterns. Behaviorally, psychological stress can lead to changes in appetite, sleep patterns, social interactions, and substance use. Physiologically, the body's "fight-or-flight" response is activated, leading to increased heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension, and other symptoms.

Psychological stress can be caused by a wide range of factors, including work or school demands, financial problems, relationship issues, traumatic events, chronic illness, and major life changes. It's important to note that what causes stress in one person may not cause stress in another, as individual perceptions and coping mechanisms play a significant role.

Chronic psychological stress can have negative effects on both mental and physical health, increasing the risk of conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, heart disease, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Therefore, it's essential to identify sources of stress and develop effective coping strategies to manage and reduce its impact.

Social behavior disorders are a category of mental health conditions that are characterized by significant and persistent patterns of socially disruptive behavior. These behaviors may include aggression, impulsivity, defiance, and opposition to authority, which can interfere with an individual's ability to function in social, academic, or occupational settings.

Social behavior disorders can manifest in a variety of ways, depending on the age and developmental level of the individual. In children and adolescents, common examples include oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). Adults with social behavior disorders may exhibit antisocial personality disorder or other related conditions.

It is important to note that social behavior disorders are not the result of poor parenting or a lack of discipline, but rather are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological factors. Treatment for social behavior disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and social skills training.

Quality of Life (QOL) is a broad, multidimensional concept that usually includes an individual's physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships, personal beliefs, and their relationship to salient features of their environment. It reflects the impact of disease and treatment on a patient's overall well-being and ability to function in daily life.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines QOL as "an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns." It is a subjective concept, meaning it can vary greatly from person to person.

In healthcare, QOL is often used as an outcome measure in clinical trials and other research studies to assess the impact of interventions or treatments on overall patient well-being.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

Observer variation, also known as inter-observer variability or measurement agreement, refers to the difference in observations or measurements made by different observers or raters when evaluating the same subject or phenomenon. It is a common issue in various fields such as medicine, research, and quality control, where subjective assessments are involved.

In medical terms, observer variation can occur in various contexts, including:

1. Diagnostic tests: Different radiologists may interpret the same X-ray or MRI scan differently, leading to variations in diagnosis.
2. Clinical trials: Different researchers may have different interpretations of clinical outcomes or adverse events, affecting the consistency and reliability of trial results.
3. Medical records: Different healthcare providers may document medical histories, physical examinations, or treatment plans differently, leading to inconsistencies in patient care.
4. Pathology: Different pathologists may have varying interpretations of tissue samples or laboratory tests, affecting diagnostic accuracy.

Observer variation can be minimized through various methods, such as standardized assessment tools, training and calibration of observers, and statistical analysis of inter-rater reliability.

A medical definition of "Manuscripts as Topic" refers to the study and analysis of written documents that report original research or scholarly work in the field of medicine. This can include research articles, review articles, case reports, and other types of manuscripts that are submitted for publication in medical journals. The study of manuscripts as a topic may involve analyzing their content, structure, and quality, as well as evaluating the peer-review process and editorial policies of medical journals. Additionally, it can also cover the historical development of medical knowledge and practices through the examination of ancient and medieval medical manuscripts.

'Office nursing' is not a term that has a specific or widely accepted medical definition in the healthcare profession. However, it generally refers to the practice of nursing in an office setting, often providing direct patient care and managing administrative tasks for a healthcare provider or a group of providers in an outpatient clinic or private practice.

Office nurses may perform various duties, such as:

1. Taking medical histories and vital signs
2. Administering medications, vaccinations, or treatments
3. Wound care and dressing changes
4. Case management and coordination of patient care
5. Providing patient education and counseling
6. Managing office appointments, referrals, and communications with patients
7. Handling medical records, insurance forms, and billing processes

While 'office nursing' is not a formal specialty or certification in the nursing field, it does require a unique set of skills to effectively balance clinical responsibilities with administrative tasks in an outpatient setting.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pilot projects" is not a medical term per se. Instead, it is a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine, to describe a small-scale initiative that is implemented on a temporary basis to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, or impact before deciding whether to expand or continue it.

In the context of healthcare, pilot projects might involve testing new treatment protocols, implementing innovative care models, or introducing technology solutions in a limited setting to assess their potential benefits and drawbacks. The results of these projects can help inform decisions about broader implementation and provide valuable insights for improving the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

The Admitting Department in a hospital is the area where patients are formally registered and admitted for further medical treatment or procedures. When a patient arrives at the hospital for admission, they first go through the admitting department to provide necessary information such as their personal details, insurance information, medical history, and reason for admission. The staff in this department verifies the patient's insurance coverage, obtains any required authorizations for procedures, and creates a medical record for the patient. After completing the admitting process, the patient is then directed to the appropriate hospital unit or department for further care.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Mothers" is a term that refers to individuals who have given birth to and raised children. It is not a medical term with a specific definition. If you are referring to a different word or term, please clarify so I can provide a more accurate response.

Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) are a group of conditions that affect the development and functioning of the brain, leading to delays in many areas of development. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) has replaced the term "pervasive developmental disorders" with "autism spectrum disorder" and "other neurodevelopmental disorders."

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction across multiple contexts, as well as restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. The symptoms of ASD can range from mild to severe, and the condition affects approximately 1 in 54 children in the United States.

Other neurodevelopmental disorders that were previously classified as PDDs include:

1. Intellectual disability (ID): a condition characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disorder used to be referred to as "mental retardation."
2. Communication disorders: these are disorders that affect an individual's ability to communicate, including language disorders, speech sound disorders, and stuttering.
3. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
4. Specific learning disorder: a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects an individual's ability to learn and use specific academic skills, such as reading, writing, or mathematics.
5. Motor disorders: these are disorders that affect an individual's movement and coordination, including developmental coordination disorder, stereotypic movement disorder, and tic disorders.

The medical definition of 'Child Development Disorders, Pervasive' has been replaced with more specific diagnoses in the DSM-5 to better reflect the diverse nature of these conditions and improve diagnostic accuracy and treatment planning.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Guatemala" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in Central America. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Fatigue is a state of feeling very tired, weary, or exhausted, which can be physical, mental, or both. It is a common symptom that can be caused by various factors, including lack of sleep, poor nutrition, stress, medical conditions (such as anemia, diabetes, heart disease, or cancer), medications, and substance abuse. Fatigue can also be a symptom of depression or other mental health disorders. In medical terms, fatigue is often described as a subjective feeling of tiredness that is not proportional to recent activity levels and interferes with usual functioning. It is important to consult a healthcare professional if experiencing persistent or severe fatigue to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

An "Employee Performance Appraisal" is a systematic and periodic process in which an organization evaluates the job performance of its employees. The purpose of this process is to provide feedback to employees about their strengths and areas for improvement, as well as to set goals and development plans for their future growth and performance enhancement.

The appraisal typically involves a review of the employee's job responsibilities, objectives, and achievements during a specific period, along with an assessment of their skills, behaviors, and competencies. The evaluation may be based on various factors such as job knowledge, productivity, quality of work, communication skills, teamwork, leadership, and attendance.

The performance appraisal is usually conducted by the employee's supervisor or manager, but it can also involve self-evaluation, peer review, or 360-degree feedback from multiple sources. The results of the appraisal are used to inform decisions about promotions, salary increases, training and development opportunities, and corrective actions when necessary.

Overall, the employee performance appraisal is a critical tool for organizations to manage their workforce effectively, improve productivity, and promote a culture of continuous learning and development.

Psychological adaptation refers to the process by which individuals adjust and cope with stressors, challenges, or changes in their environment or circumstances. It involves modifying thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and copabilities to reduce the negative impact of these stressors and promote well-being. Psychological adaptation can occur at different levels, including intrapersonal (within the individual), interpersonal (between individuals), and cultural (within a group or society).

Examples of psychological adaptation include:

* Cognitive restructuring: changing negative thoughts and beliefs to more positive or adaptive ones
* Emotion regulation: managing and reducing intense or distressing emotions
* Problem-solving: finding solutions to practical challenges or obstacles
* Seeking social support: reaching out to others for help, advice, or comfort
* Developing coping strategies: using effective ways to deal with stressors or difficulties
* Cultivating resilience: bouncing back from adversity and learning from negative experiences.

Psychological adaptation is an important aspect of mental health and well-being, as it helps individuals adapt to new situations, overcome challenges, and maintain a sense of control and optimism in the face of stressors or changes.

In the medical context, communication refers to the process of exchanging information, ideas, or feelings between two or more individuals in order to facilitate understanding, cooperation, and decision-making. Effective communication is critical in healthcare settings to ensure that patients receive accurate diagnoses, treatment plans, and follow-up care. It involves not only verbal and written communication but also nonverbal cues such as body language and facial expressions.

Healthcare providers must communicate clearly and empathetically with their patients to build trust, address concerns, and ensure that they understand their medical condition and treatment options. Similarly, healthcare teams must communicate effectively with each other to coordinate care, avoid errors, and provide the best possible outcomes for their patients. Communication skills are essential for all healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, therapists, and social workers.

Psychological tests are standardized procedures or measures used to assess various aspects of an individual's cognitive functioning, personality traits, emotional status, and behavior. These tests are designed to be reliable and valid tools for evaluating specific psychological constructs such as intelligence, memory, attention, achievement, aptitude, interests, and values. They can be in the form of questionnaires, interviews, observational scales, or performance-based tasks. The results obtained from these tests help mental health professionals make informed decisions about diagnosis, treatment planning, and educational or vocational guidance for their clients. It is important to note that psychological tests should only be administered, scored, and interpreted by trained and qualified professionals to ensure accurate and meaningful results.

A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is a type of clinical study in which participants are randomly assigned to receive either the experimental intervention or the control condition, which may be a standard of care, placebo, or no treatment. The goal of an RCT is to minimize bias and ensure that the results are due to the intervention being tested rather than other factors. This design allows for a comparison between the two groups to determine if there is a significant difference in outcomes. RCTs are often considered the gold standard for evaluating the safety and efficacy of medical interventions, as they provide a high level of evidence for causal relationships between the intervention and health outcomes.

Depression is a mood disorder that is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities. It can also cause significant changes in sleep, appetite, energy level, concentration, and behavior. Depression can interfere with daily life and normal functioning, and it can increase the risk of suicide and other mental health disorders. The exact cause of depression is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. There are several types of depression, including major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, postpartum depression, and seasonal affective disorder. Treatment for depression typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy.

In a medical context, documentation refers to the process of recording and maintaining written or electronic records of a patient's health status, medical history, treatment plans, medications, and other relevant information. The purpose of medical documentation is to provide clear and accurate communication among healthcare providers, to support clinical decision-making, to ensure continuity of care, to meet legal and regulatory requirements, and to facilitate research and quality improvement initiatives.

Medical documentation typically includes various types of records such as:

1. Patient's demographic information, including name, date of birth, gender, and contact details.
2. Medical history, including past illnesses, surgeries, allergies, and family medical history.
3. Physical examination findings, laboratory and diagnostic test results, and diagnoses.
4. Treatment plans, including medications, therapies, procedures, and follow-up care.
5. Progress notes, which document the patient's response to treatment and any changes in their condition over time.
6. Consultation notes, which record communication between healthcare providers regarding a patient's care.
7. Discharge summaries, which provide an overview of the patient's hospital stay, including diagnoses, treatments, and follow-up plans.

Medical documentation must be clear, concise, accurate, and timely, and it should adhere to legal and ethical standards. Healthcare providers are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of patients' medical records and ensuring that they are accessible only to authorized personnel.

Occupational health is a branch of medicine that focuses on the physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all types of jobs. The goal of occupational health is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and disabilities, while also promoting the overall health and safety of employees. This may involve identifying and assessing potential hazards in the workplace, implementing controls to reduce or eliminate those hazards, providing education and training to workers on safe practices, and conducting medical surveillance and screenings to detect early signs of work-related health problems.

Occupational health also involves working closely with employers, employees, and other stakeholders to develop policies and programs that support the health and well-being of workers. This may include promoting healthy lifestyles, providing access to mental health resources, and supporting return-to-work programs for injured or ill workers. Ultimately, the goal of occupational health is to create a safe and healthy work environment that enables employees to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently, while also protecting their long-term health and well-being.

A nursing assessment is the process of collecting and analyzing data about a patient's health status, including their physical, psychological, social, cultural, and emotional needs. This information is used to identify actual or potential health problems, develop a plan of care, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. Nursing assessments may include observing and documenting the patient's vital signs, appearance, behavior, mobility, nutrition, elimination, comfort level, cognitive status, and emotional well-being. They are typically conducted upon admission to a healthcare facility, during transitions of care, and on a regular basis throughout the course of treatment to ensure that the patient's needs are being met and that any changes in their condition are promptly identified and addressed.

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by feelings of excessive and persistent worry, fear, or anxiety that interfere with daily activities. They include several different types of disorders, such as:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This is characterized by chronic and exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to provoke it.
2. Panic Disorder: This is characterized by recurring unexpected panic attacks and fear of experiencing more panic attacks.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Also known as social phobia, this is characterized by excessive fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social situations due to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.
4. Phobias: These are intense, irrational fears of certain objects, places, or situations. When a person with a phobia encounters the object or situation they fear, they may experience panic attacks or other severe anxiety responses.
5. Agoraphobia: This is a fear of being in places where it may be difficult to escape or get help if one has a panic attack or other embarrassing or incapacitating symptoms.
6. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD): This is characterized by excessive anxiety about separation from home or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (such as a parent, sibling, or partner).
7. Selective Mutism: This is a disorder where a child becomes mute in certain situations, such as at school, but can speak normally at home or with close family members.

These disorders are treatable with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy). It's important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or someone you know may have an anxiety disorder.

Practice guidelines, also known as clinical practice guidelines, are systematically developed statements that aim to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available scientific evidence, consensus of expert opinion, and consideration of patient preferences. Practice guidelines can cover a wide range of topics, including diagnosis, management, prevention, and treatment options for various medical conditions. They are intended to improve the quality and consistency of care, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote evidence-based medicine. However, they should not replace clinical judgment or individualized patient care.

Child psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the mental, emotional, and social development of children from birth to adolescence. It involves the study of children's behavior, thoughts, feelings, and relationships with others, including their families, peers, and teachers. Child psychologists use various research methods, such as observation, interviews, and testing, to understand how children develop and learn. They also work with children who have emotional, social, or behavioral problems, providing assessments, therapy, and counseling services to help them overcome these challenges. Additionally, child psychologists may provide consultation and training to parents, teachers, and other professionals who work with children.

Anxiety: A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome. In a medical context, anxiety refers to a mental health disorder characterized by feelings of excessive and persistent worry, fear, or panic that interfere with daily activities. It can also be a symptom of other medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, or substance abuse disorders. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and phobias.

Rooming-in care is a family-centered model of care in which a newborn or infant is cared for in the same hospital room as their parent, typically the mother. This practice allows for close proximity between the parent and child, promoting bonding, breastfeeding, and early detection of any health issues that the infant may have. Rooming-in care has been shown to improve outcomes for both infants and mothers, including increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding and improved maternal satisfaction with their birthing and postpartum experiences. It is a recommended practice in many healthcare settings, particularly for healthy newborns and those with special needs.

2017) found: The use of memorized checklists was similar to not using any checklist at all; hence the use of written checklists ... Janitorial checklists are used for quality control. An ornithological checklist (Category:Ornithological checklists), a list of ... The design of a checklist should fit the purpose of the list. If a checklist is perceived as a top-down means to control ... Characteristics of effective checklists include: Checklists should be simple and convenient to use. Each listed item should be ...
The Hypomania Checklist was built as a more efficient screening measure for hypomania, to be used both in epidemiological ... The Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) is a questionnaire developed by Dr. Jules Angst to identify hypomanic features in patients ... Angst (June 2007). "Hypomania Check List (HCL-32 R1) Manual" (PDF). Retrieved 23 November 2015. Birmaher, Boris; Brent, David; ... Wikiversity has learning resources about Hypomania Checklist Official Manual and Question Breakdown (Articles with short ...
... is a peer-reviewed, open access, on-line scientific journal that publishes Annotated Lists of Species (ALS), Notes ... Check List is abstracted and indexed in EBSCOhost, Scopus, The Zoological Record, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Media from Check List. Official website v t e (CS1 Brazilian Portuguese-language sources ...
Asaf Degani; Earl L. Wiener (May 1990). "NASA CR-177549: Human Factors of Flight-Deck Checklists: The Normal Checklist" (PDF). ... Crew training and checklist design are discussed and a safety recommendation is made to the Federal Aviation Administration ... In aviation, a preflight checklist is a list of tasks that should be performed by pilots and aircrew prior to takeoff. Its ... Despite the flap position being an important setting for takeoff, it did not appear on the Pan American pre-takeoff checklist. ...
Checklist or check list may also refer to: Check List, a peer-reviewed, open access, online, scientific journal "Checklist", a ... Look up checklist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A checklist is a type of job aid used to reduce failure by compensating ... Checklists This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Checklist. If an internal link led you here, you ... the location where the data is generated All pages with titles containing check list All pages with titles containing checklist ...
The Psychopathy Checklist or Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, now the Psychopathy Checklist-revised (PCL-R), is a ... Hare's checklist does not incorporate the "positive adjustment features" that Cleckley did. The PCL-R is used for indicating a ... It alleged that the checklist is wrongly viewed by many as the basic definition of psychopathy, yet it leaves out key factors, ... The authors claimed this leads to problems in over-diagnosis and in the use of the checklist to secure convictions. Hare has ...
The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) is a relatively brief self-report psychometric instrument (questionnaire) published by ... "Symptom Checklist-90-Revised". Pearson: Clinical Psychology. Pearson Education, Inc. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016 ... "SCL-90-R - Versión española del Symptom Checklist-90-Revised". BiblioPRO (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 June 2019. v t e (CS1 ... Spanish-language sources (es), Use dmy dates from January 2017, Checklists, Mental disorders screening and assessment tools, ...
There are 9994 species on the checklist. Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy of birds " Sibley-Monroe Checklist Part 1". ... The Sibley-Monroe checklist is a list of bird species based on a study conducted by Charles Sibley and Burt Monroe. It drew on ... Monroe, Burt (1993). A world checklist of birds. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-07083-5. OCLC 611551988. (All ...
The Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) is a 35-item parent-report questionnaire designed to identify children with difficulties ... Jutte, D. P.; Burgos, A.; Mendoza, F.; Ford, C. B.; Huffman, L. C. (2003). "Use of the pediatric symptom checklist in a low- ... The original study of the PSC focused on children between 6 and 12 years old, but the checklist has been studied and validated ... Han, D. H.; Woo, J.; Jeong, J. H.; Hwang, S.; Chung, U. S. (2015). "The Korean version of the pediatric symptom checklist: ...
The Adjective Check List (ACL) is a psychological assessment containing 300 adjectives used to identify common psychological ... Gough, H.G.; Heilbrun, Jr., A.B. (2007). Adjective Check List Manual (1983 ed.). Palo Alto, CA: CPP, Inc. Gough, H. G. (1960). ... Williams, J. E., & Best, D. L. (1983). The Gough-Heilbrun Adjective Check List as a cross-cultural research tool. In J.B ... "The Adjective Check List". Retrieved 8 May 2010. Constantini, E., & Craik, K. H. (1980). Personality and politicians: ...
... ' by Atul Gawande". Newsday. Retrieved 29 March 2013. "'The Checklist Manifesto': a simple, brilliant ... "Review: The Checklist Manifesto". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 29 March 2013. Review: Checklist Manifesto. Booklist. Retrieved ... The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right is a December 2009 non-fiction book by Atul Gawande. It was released on ... The book looks at the use of checklists in the business world and the medical profession, with Gawande examining how it could ...
... 1½-5 Child Behavior Checklist 6-18 (All articles with incomplete citations, Articles with incomplete ... The Child Behavior Checklist exists in two different versions, depending on the age of the child being referred to. For the ... The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a widely used caregiver report form identifying problem behavior in children. It is ... The preschool checklist contains 100 problem behavior questions. Like on the preschool version, the school-age version of the ...
Magiati, I; Moss, J; Yates, R; Charman, T; Howlin, P (March 2011). "Is the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist a useful tool ... "Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC)". Autism Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2 December 2018. ... Geier, DA; Kern, JK; Geier, MR (October 2013). "A Comparison of the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) and the ... Wikiversity has learning resources about Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist Take the ATEC in any of the 17 available ...
... the influence that the checklists had on the development of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist in his 2009 book The Checklist ... preflight and emergency pilot checklists became a standard safety feature for the industry. Gawande points to how checklists ... While the checklist has been widely adopted due to its efficacy in many studies as well as for its simplicity, some hospitals ... The checklist serves to remind the surgical team of important items to be performed before and after the surgical procedure in ...
"CHAT (CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers): Autism Screening at 18-24 months of age" (PDF). Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. ... The Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) is a psychological questionnaire designed to evaluate risk for autism spectrum ... "CHAT - Checklist for Autism in Toddlers". Retrieved 2015-10-27. Volkmar, Fred; Siegel, Matthew; Woodbury- ... Wikiversity has learning resources about Evidence based assessment/Instruments/Checklist for Autism in toddlers CHAT English ...
... is a bibliography of English science fiction, fantasy and weird books compiled and edited ... revised as The Checklist of Science Fiction and Supernatural Fiction "Book Review", Astounding Science Fiction, July 1949, p. ...
The Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) is an XML format specifying security checklists, benchmarks ... "Specification for the Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) Version 1.2" (PDF). XCCDF Homepage XCCDF ... Checklists, XML-based standards, Computer security software). ...
"About the Checklist", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-01-06 World's ... The project traced its history to work done in the 1990s by Kew researcher Rafaël Govaerts on a checklist of the genus Quercus ... The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (usually abbreviated to WCSP) was an "international collaborative programme that ... At the end of October 2022 the WCSP website, together with the World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP) website, was closed ...
The checklist is designed so that primary care physicians can interpret it immediately and easily. The M-CHAT has shown fairly ... The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is a psychological questionnaire that evaluates risk for autism spectrum ... ISBN 978-1-4614-4787-0. "Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised (M-CHAT-R)" (PDF). Autism Speaks. Robins, D. L.; ... Wright, K; Poulin-Dubois, D (2014). "Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT): Validation and Correlates in Infancy ...
The AOS Checklist of North American Birds is a checklist of the bird species found in North and Middle America which is now ... The checklist was first published in 1886; the seventh edition of the checklist was published in 1998 and is now updated every ... Checklist of North American Birds. New York, US: American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. ISBN 1-891276-00-X. "Checklist of North ... According to Joel Asaph Allen, the Codes of Nomenclature set out in the first edition of the Checklist "later became the basis ...
A Checklist of Painters from c1200-1994 is the second edition of a book first published in 1978 by the Courtauld Institute of ... A checklist of painters c.1200-1976 represented in the Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, first edition, London, 1978 ... The Witt Library Collection (2014). Checklist of Painters from 1200-1994. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-134-26413-1. Retrieved ... ISBN 0720107180 A checklist of painters c.1200-1994 represented in the Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, second edition ...
In many cases the BOU checklist was the first such work for the country in question. Volumes produced to date (year of ... The British Ornithologists' Union checklists are a series of books published by the British Ornithologists' Union (BOU) and ( ...
Downloadable Checklist , Clements Checklist Further information at Cornell University Press website Cornell Lab of Ornithology ... The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World is a book by Jim Clements which presents a list of the bird species of the world. ... eBird also uses the Clements checklist as the base list for its eBird taxonomy, which in addition to species includes hybrids ... v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Ornithological checklists, All stub articles ...
Symptom Checklist "S-II" (KO "S-II") and Symptom Checklist "S-III" (KO "S-III") - were designed to enable quick diagnosis of ... Symptom Checklists "O" and "S" (KO "O" and KO "S") are self-report questionnaires used for determining the presence of neurotic ... Apart from KO "O", three other shorten Polish versions of the questionnaire - Symptom Checklist "S-I" (KO "S-I"), ...
... is a 1996 softback book published by the Oriental Bird Club, and ... by Craig Robson Reviews of the checklist can be found in the following: van Rootselaar, Oscar (1997) Birding World 10(3):119 ( ... Articles lacking sources from December 2009, All articles lacking sources, Ornithological checklists, 1996 non-fiction books). ...
"The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, version 4.1 (Downloadable checklist)". www.howardandmoore. ... The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World is a book by Richard Howard and Alick Moore which presents a ... The database has been made available for download in 2018 "The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, ... A references list from pages 832 to 883 lists 3000 references used in the compilation of the checklist. The fourth edition was ...
The HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World is a checklist of the birds of the world ... "Book review: HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, Vol 1: Non-passerines". Rare Bird ... HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1. ISBN 978-84-96553-94-1. Retrieved 20 ... HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World Volume 1: Non-passerines Josep del Hoyo and ...
"Checklist , The Warehouse". Retrieved 2018-03-15. "Lumber Room". Retrieved 2018-03- ...
DeSilver, Drew; Ford, Liam T.A. (December 1988). "Checklist". Vegetarian Times. Active Interest Media, Inc.: 38. Vuurboom, ...
Checklist. Archived 2009-02-02 at the Wayback Machine Accessed February 2, 2009. "Causes of Hearing Loss in Adults". ...
2017) found: The use of memorized checklists was similar to not using any checklist at all; hence the use of written checklists ... Janitorial checklists are used for quality control. An ornithological checklist (Category:Ornithological checklists), a list of ... The design of a checklist should fit the purpose of the list. If a checklist is perceived as a top-down means to control ... Characteristics of effective checklists include: Checklists should be simple and convenient to use. Each listed item should be ...
General Configuration Debugging Checklist Checklist Item. Complete?. 1. Verify that all configuration resistors are correctly ... Configuration Debugging Checklist. Work through this checklist to identify issues that may result in operational failures. ... Configuration Debugging Checklist 7.2. Intel Agilex® 7 Configuration Architecture Overview 7.3. Understanding Configuration ...
This checklist will help you prepare for an earthquakes effect on your organization, employees and community by highlighting ... Tornado Preparedness Checklist. This checklist will help you prepare for a tornados effect on your organization, employees and ... Hurricane Preparedness Checklist. This checklist will help you prepare for a hurricanes effect on your organization, employees ... Download Checklist Most people would associate the risk of earthquakes with well-publicized and seismically active areas like ...
Author checklist for submitting articles to Emerging Infectious Diseases ... Complete Author Checklist. A completed Author Checklist (41 KB, 1 page) is required as part of every original or revised ... This checklist serves as a recorded confirmation that essential requirements have been met and agreed to by the authors. The ... If the submitting author does not provide a completed Author Checklist with the submission, peer review will be delayed. ...
This checklist will help you prepare for a tornados effect on your organization, employees and community by highlighting ... Hurricane Preparedness Checklist. This checklist will help you prepare for a hurricanes effect on your organization, employees ... Download Checklist A tornado is arguably one of the most destructive types of storms imaginable. Unlike a hurricane or tropical ... Winter Weather Preparedness Checklist. Severe winter weather can lead to property damage, employee illness or injury, and ...
For more detailed instruction and guidance on how to comply with the requirements listed on this checklist, please review the ...
Epilepsy can get in the way of life, mostly when seizures keep happening. You can learn how to manage your epilepsy to feel better and have a more active and full life. Practice these self-management strategies to better control your seizures and your health. Self-management is what you do to take care of yourself.. ...
This tutorial teaches you how to evaluate the health information that you find on the Internet. Created by the National Library of Medicine.
Be sure to read some of the things on our checklist so you can make your new pet more comfortable. ... Shopping Checklist:. It may be a good idea to wait until you select your new pet before you begin shopping for supplies. For ... Because adopting a new pet comes with a lot of change for both pet and pet parent, weve compiled a checklist to help make the ...
Weve made that comparison a little easier for you with a Property Checklist:. *Complete the checklist for each home you tour ...
... ... checklist/view Document Checklist. 8. Annex IX_Document Checklist.doc - 99.5 ...
Dinosaur Checklist Activities for beginning readers: follow the instructions and complete the dinosaur picture! ... Each one involves having the students follow a simple checklist of instructions in order to complete a dinosaur scene. Children ...
The checklist can be accessed either through the three online checklists below or through the written guide (+ Portuguese ... The intercultural checklist aims to be simple and transparent. Questions are phrased so that you can tick the boxes which apply ... The intercultural checklist is estimated to take around 15 minutes to complete, with additional time should you wish to read ... The intercultural checklists and guide could also be used to evaluate completed projects, or projects submitted to the city by ...
It can be overwhelming, but having a checklist can help break tasks into manageable chunks. A checklist was vital for me this ... Finding a job is the next item on the checklist. If you decide to do a GPR or AEGD, great. You can skip this item for now and ... My next checklist item is deciding where you want to live after graduation. A lot of us, myself included, find comfort in ... It is hard to believe this is my final checklist while in dental school, but I am looking forward to making at least a couple ...
... ... checklist/view Document Checklist. 9. Annex IX_Document Checklist.doc - 60.0 ...
Checkride checklist Answers from designated pilot examiners November 1, 2021 By Alicia Herron ...
A/B Testing: a checklist. Lisa Qian lays out the process for a successful A/B test, from defining a goal and hypothesis, to ...
Checklist and Instructions - P​lease submit your documents in this order. Required Documents for a Change of National Provider ... Report of Change Application Checklist for Change of National Provider Identifier The following is a list of application forms ...
Take the five actions on this checklist to manage supply chain costs efficiently while also driving innovation. ...
... Have this job offer checklist ready and accessible for when the offer ... Remember, the above checklist covers some items which may not apply to you. But you can use it as the starting point to make ... then use this checklist to make sure that no detail has been missed. ...
It also includes a list of the tools election officials will need in order to use the Checklist, as well as other helpful tips. ... The 2016 Checklist should be used to evaluate whether both new and existing polling places. Completing the 2016 Checklist will ... Part 3: Polling Place Accessibility Checklist. Ward:. Precinct:. Staff:. Date:. Time:. Address:. Location name:. This checklist ... This publication, the ADA Checklist for Polling Places (2016 Checklist), provides guidance to election officials for ...
This checklist can be used to assist physician practice offices preparing to manage an increase in patient calls and visits ... This checklist was developed by MGMA and is intended to assist Physicians Offices in preparing their offices to manage an ... Medical Practice Staff Onboarding Checklist and Orientation Timeline. 6/11/2023. Cristy Good ...
Having a webinar checklist is the best way to ensure your digital event will go off without a hitch in 2023. ... Webinar Checklist. Before you start with the webinar checklist, identify your goals and KPIs. ... Pre-Webinar Checklist 8 Weeks Before Your Webinar. *Pick a date and time: Select the date and time of your webinar. According ... Day-of-Webinar Checklist. Send a reminder email: This is the final reminder to people who still need to register for the ...
... Center for Teaching Excellence. Center for Teaching Excellence. *. Events. Workshops Flash ... Start of the Semester Checklist. Our students have a reasonable request: Access to their classes sooner than later. All faculty ... Toolkits Teaching Essentials Guides Course Design Essentials Start of the Semester Checklist Teaching Tips. ...
Change the look and feel of your checkout page so it accurately reflects your brand.. In the Customer account section, choose your preference for customer checkout accounts. You can make accounts optional, mandatory or disable accounts so customers will only be able to check out as a guest. In the Customer contact section, choose which contact methods your customers can use to checkout and receive updates.. Determine which form fields you need from your customers at checkout.. Enable tipping as an option during checkout. This is especially useful for service or food & drink businesses. Learn more about tipping and how it can help your store reach its financial goals or help collect money for charity. Under the Order processing section, adjust how your store responds to checkout and order events. In the email marketing section, enable an opt-in option for email marketing. This is a great opportunity to start building your email subscriber list, which is one of the most powerful marketing ...
To marshal the right help, youll need a checklist (see below) of all the things that need to be done, ranging from writing ... "articlePagePath" :"/content/aarpe/en/home/home-family/friends-family/info-2020/when-loved-one-dies-checklist", "aarpId" : " ... an elder law attorney and author of Checklist for Family Survivors. If you didnt, she advises you look for a letter of ...
One of the main reasons to use XML is to insure that anyone can read your data. To insure that anyone can, your XML must be presented in a well formed
  • The entire checklist (including the 2018 Updates and Corrections) is available as a downloadable spreadsheet (in Excel and .csv formats). (
  • This year's spreadsheet version is eBird/Clements Checklist v2018, and was released on 14 August 2018. (
  • As before, we update the taxonomy and nomenclature of species for North America, based largely on decisions of the North American Checklist Committee (NACC) , through the Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society's Check-list of North American Birds (July 2018). (
  • Part 3 is the 2016 Checklist. (
  • A normal checklist is used before critical flight segments, such as takeoff, approach and landing, which are the phases in which the highest incidence of accidents occur due to procedural error. (
  • The Intercultural Cities programme offers all member cities three easy-to-use intercultural checklists and a full guide to check if their planned or proposed project, policies or actions are intercultural compared to the three principles of intercultural integration: real equality, diversity advantage and meaningful interaction. (
  • The WHO patient safety programme has thus decided to open a virtual platform to engage with institutions, research centres, health care institutions and nongovernmental organizations, etc. concerned with mother and child care, to join WHO in pilot-testing the checklist throughout the world. (
  • This checklist was developed by MGMA and is intended to assist Physicians' Offices in preparing their offices to manage an increase in patient calls and visits during the COVID-19 pandemic. (
  • According to a meta-analysis after introduction of the checklist mortality dropped by 23% and all complications by 40%, but higher-quality studies are required to make the meta-analysis more robust. (
  • 4 That trial didn't find a statistical reduction in postoperative mortality with the use of a checklist. (
  • Although studies of entire populations where checklists were introduced didn't demonstrate an impact on mortality with safety checklists, 5 6 analyses that were restricted to select hospitals or subgroups of patients have found striking effects. (
  • For example, introducing safety checklists in the US state of South Carolina was found to have no overall impact on mortality. (
  • However, analyses restricted to hospitals that completed a comprehensive safety program-including checklists-found large and statistically significant reductions in operative mortality. (
  • This observation highlights a common attribute of studies that found an effect of safety checklists on mortality: patient selection. (
  • In another highly cited example, a before-and-after study in a Dutch hospital found no statistical reduction in operative mortality after implementing a checklist. (
  • In the UK, a study on the implementation of a checklist for provision of medical care to elderly patients admitting to hospital found that the checklist highlighted limitations with frailty assessment in acute care and motivated teams to review routine practices, but that work is needed to understand whether and how checklists can be embedded in complex multidisciplinary care. (
  • It did find a reduction in complication rates with checklist use, but the validity of this finding has been criticized because of a lack of blinding and the exclusion (contrary to the intention-to-treat principle) of patients in the "checklist" arm who didn't comply with the intervention. (
  • 7 Patients for whom checklists were fully completed, however, showed a more than twofold reduction in odds of dying after surgery. (
  • The public success of surgical safety checklists is a triumph of selection bias over rigorous implementation science. (
  • The group has developed an "implementation checklist" for use of ketamine/esketamine in clinical practice. (
  • A checklist is a type of job aid used in repetitive tasks to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention. (
  • A more advanced checklist would be a schedule, which lays out tasks to be done according to time of day or other factors, or a pre-flight checklist for an airliner, which should ensure a safe take-off. (
  • Using this checklist will insure that your document follows the well formed guidelines. (
  • Checklists have been used in healthcare practice to ensure that clinical practice guidelines are followed. (
  • City coordinators, working groups, civil society and other interested parties who complete the intercultural checklists will find questions to consider, good practice examples from the Intercultural Cities network as well as feedback and scoring at the end. (
  • The order of the second and third checklist items can differ depending on whether you want to go straight into practice or if you would instead go through a general practice residency (GPR) or an advanced education in general dentistry (AEGD) program. (
  • The best known example is the cockpit Pre-flight checklist, which is intended to ensure that the crew correctly configures the aircraft for flight on every flight. (
  • CheckMate (free in iTunes and Google Play , but aircraft checklists cost $14.99 each): Smartphone/tablet users can see all the steps needed for checks on their aircraft type, including emergency procedures. (
  • This smartphone app provides users with customizable checklists for six aircraft models. (
  • Sporty's Aircraft Checklist (free in iTunes , but checklists for each aircraft type costs $9.99): Sporty's tapped Qref, a maker of aviation checklists, to power its app for iPhone and iPad. (
  • This is unfortunate, since checklists have real and meaningful benefits, and their continued use should be strongly encouraged. (
  • A completed Author Checklist (41 KB, 1 page) is required as part of every original or revised manuscript submission to the Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) journal. (
  • You will receive suggestions at the end of the intercultural checklist after the feedback page. (
  • Through the Intranet pages ( you can update your personal webpage a t, see general documents and book rooms at LUX. (
  • Use the following checklist to ensure you've completed all of the required steps in your Android integration. (
  • By selecting subgroups that completed the checklist (and comparing them with those that did not), these studies introduce a clear bias: the teams or hospitals that completed the checklist will differ in many important ways, thus influencing surgical outcomes. (
  • The checklist can be accessed either through the three online checklists below or through the written guide (+ Portuguese version ). (
  • Download this checklist for tips on how to cope during and after the earthquake. (
  • Download the checklist for more tips during and after the tornado. (
  • The aim of this study was to standard and assign validity and reliability of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children - TSCC-A. Normative data for the TSCC-A were based on 3.042 students participating in a prevalence child abuse study in 19 different loca-tions of Tehran and 140 participants who had been referred to the run away children cen-ters in Tehran. (
  • Having this bullet point on your checklist early will get you ahead of the game and make your last year much less stressful. (
  • But even if you don't have it ready when the offer is made verbally, you can always ask for it to be sent out in writing, then use this checklist to make sure that no detail has been missed. (
  • Use this checklist to make daily care easier. (
  • Our checklist sticky notes come in a roll of cheerful rainbow colors to make getting through your task list so much more fun. (
  • Ella overhears her parents talking and decides to make a checklist for Dad to see whether he is truly unwell. (
  • Conversely, the absence of a mandatory checklist may be considered evidence of negligence. (
  • Absence of a checklist will prevent an article from being accepted for publication. (
  • Interim reporting compliance checklist (available on IAS Plus). (
  • Before you start with the webinar checklist, identify your goals and KPIs. (
  • You may be invited to a further check/action at the end of the intercultural checklist if the answer is not fully positive. (
  • For more detailed instruction and guidance on how to comply with the requirements listed on this checklist, please review the relevant sections of the Green Events Resource Library . (
  • It offers night vision filters for easier viewing, the ability to share customized checklists and create templates, and live tile sizing to show more or less information. (
  • Definitions of terms in bold type are provided at the end of the checklist. (
  • Complete the checklist for each home you tour to quickly compare the features of each home. (
  • Each one involves having the students follow a simple checklist of instructions in order to complete a dinosaur scene. (
  • The intercultural checklist is estimated to take around 15 minutes to complete, with additional time should you wish to read all recommendations and materials . (
  • You can now leverage our new test card suite to complete the following checklist. (
  • Checklists are also used for troubleshooting, to identify and where practicable, correct malfunctions. (
  • Work through this checklist to identify issues that may result in operational failures. (
  • After completing the intercultural checklist, you should be able to easily identify to what extent the principle is reflected in the policy or project. (
  • Remember, the above checklist covers some items which may not apply to you. (
  • This checklist covers regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under the general industry standards 29 CFR 1910.184 and the construction standard 29 CFR 1926.251. (
  • The COHERENCE CHECKLIST aims at assessing the coherence and solidity of a plan and making sure in covers all required elements. (
  • Part 2 includes a list of the tools election officials will need in order to use the Checklist, some helpful tips on taking measurements and photographs, and a useful list of the most common tools for temporary remedies and the circumstances in which they may be used. (
  • The intercultural checklists and guide could also be used to evaluate completed projects, or projects submitted to the city by partners for possible funding. (
  • The following is a checklist to prepare your business in the event of such a tornado. (
  • Consider the following issues as you prepare your checklist. (
  • Once you know your goals and how you will measure them, follow this exhaustive webinar checklist. (
  • Follow this checklist when you are preparing your application to NSCAD. (
  • In health care, particularly surgery, checklists may be used to ensure that the correct procedure is carried out on each patient. (
  • An example is the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist developed for the World Health Organization and found to have a large effect on improving patient safety. (
  • Studies show that the World Health Organization's surgery checklist saves lives around the world, say Alex Haynes and Atul Gawande . (
  • The famed astronomer and science communicator was advocating skepticism around pseudoscientific and paranormal phenomena such as astrology and divination, but it's reasonable to apply a similarly high standard of scientific evidence to the World Health Organization's surgical safety checklist. (
  • On the 21 November, 2012, a new patient safety initiative, the WHO safe childbirth checklist was launched, in collaboration with WHO colleagues from the reproductive health research and maternal, newborn, child and adolescent departments. (
  • The group, with leading scientists from Harvard School of Public Health, have developed the concept of the safe childbirth checklist. (
  • Checklists are used in other high-stakes fields such as the flight industry, and are increasingly used in health care. (
  • In general, a checklist is a quality management tool, an aid to completing a complex task correctly and completely. (
  • Checklists are one of those staples in general aviation that everyone-from student pilots to grizzled veterans-must use. (
  • This is a big item on your checklist and one that deserves a lot of thought. (
  • My next checklist item is deciding where you want to live after graduation. (
  • Finding a job is the next item on the checklist. (
  • The final checklist item, financial planning, is a little more complex and varies significantly from person to person. (
  • So, use this checklist to keep safety top of mind and ensure that you're following best practices. (
  • The responses to the intercultural checklist are anonymous and you are free to move between questions and sections . (
  • eBird/Clements Checklist has adopted the concept of the group, which initially was developed by eBird , a free, global online system to manage your bird records and bird lists. (
  • Checklist use in healthcare has not always met with success and transferability between settings has been questioned. (
  • A Checklist for Dad is a story for ages 5-7 years that provides answers to questions children may confront about the occurrence of cancer in their family. (
  • Use of a well designed checklist can reduce any tendency to avoid, omit or neglect important steps in any task. (
  • 3 The one published randomized study of checklists was a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial, carried out in just two hospitals. (
  • Checklists are used both to ensure that safety-critical system preparations are carried out completely and in the correct order, and in less critical applications to ensure that no step is left out of a procedure. (
  • Checklists are used both to ensure that safety-critical system preparations are carried out completely and in the correct order, and in less critical applications to ensure that no step is left out of a procedure, or that all components have been accounted for, or as a means of recording biodiversity. (
  • citation needed] Checklists have long been a feature of aviation safety to ensure that critical items are not overlooked. (
  • Is WHO's surgical safety checklist being hyped? (