A group (or class) of aquatic plants, including the streptophyte algae, that are the closest relatives to land plants (EMBRYOPHYTA).
A phylum of photosynthetic EUKARYOTA bearing double membrane-bound plastids containing chlorophyll a and b. They comprise the classical green algae, and represent over 7000 species that live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by renal electrolyte transport dysfunctions. Congenital forms are rare autosomal disorders characterized by neonatal hypertension, HYPERKALEMIA, increased RENIN activity and ALDOSTERONE concentration. The Type I features HYPERKALEMIA with sodium wasting; Type II, HYPERKALEMIA without sodium wasting. Pseudohypoaldosteronism can be the result of a defective renal electrolyte transport protein or acquired after KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Presence of small calculi in the terminal salivary ducts (salivary sand), or stones (larger calculi) found in the larger ducts.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A deformed foot in which the foot is plantarflexed, inverted and adducted.
Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.
A monophyletic group of green plants that includes all land plants (EMBRYOPHYTA) and all green algae (CHLOROPHYTA and STREPTOPHYTA).
Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of algae.
A genus of GREEN ALGAE in the family Ulvaceae. Commonly know as sea lettuces, they grow attached to rocks and KELP in marine and estuarine waters.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.
Irradiation directly from the sun.
Complexes containing CHLOROPHYLL and other photosensitive molecules. They serve to capture energy in the form of PHOTONS and are generally found as components of the PHOTOSYSTEM I PROTEIN COMPLEX or the PHOTOSYSTEM II PROTEIN COMPLEX.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A class of EUKARYOTA (traditionally algae), characterized by biflagellated cells and found in both freshwater and marine environments. Pigmentation varies but only one CHLOROPLAST is present. Unique structures include a nucleomorph and ejectosomes.
A phylum of unicellular parasitic EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A genus of green plants in the family CHARACEAE, phylum STREPTOPHYTA. They have a strong garlic-like odor and are an important food source for waterfowl.
A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.
A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.

Multigene phylogeny of the green lineage reveals the origin and diversification of land plants. (1/3)

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Impact of summer cattle grazing on the Sierra Nevada watershed: aquatic algae and bacteria. (2/3)

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Oleosin of subcellular lipid droplets evolved in green algae. (3/3)

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Ruggiero MA, Gordon DP, Orrell TM, Bailly N, Bourgoin T, Brusca RC, et al. (2015) A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119248. pmid: ...
Charophyceae are relatives of land plants, whose genomes have been envisioned to contain important information to understand how land plants evolved from their ancestors in the Paleozoic era. Here we report the draft genome of Chara braunii from Charophyceae, and its comparison to land plants, Klebsormidium nitens, and other green algae. The comparison revealed acquisition of genes before and after the divergence of Charophyceae in the lineage leading to land plants, as well within Charophyceae.
Analyses of morphological and ultrastructural characters, and also of the information carried by gene sequences have established that green algae belonging to the class Charophyceae gave rise to the more than 500,000 land plant species currently inhabiting our planet [1, 2]. Charophycean green algae and land plants form the green plant lineage Streptophyta [3], whereas most, if not all, of the other extant green algae belong to the sister lineage Chlorophyta [2]. In contrast to the large diversity of land plants, only a few thousands charophycean species are living today. Six monophyletic groups are currently recognized in the Charophyceae: the Mesostigmatales [4] represented by Mesostigma viride, a scaly biflagellate that has long been thought to be a member of the Prasinophyceae (the earliest-diverging lineage of the Chlorophyta) [5]; the Chlorokybales represented as well by a single species (Chlorokybus atmophyticus); the Klebsormidiales (3 genera, 45 spp.); the Zygnematales (~ 50 genera, ~ ...
Colour enhanced transmission electron micrograph of cell wall formation in Chara, a member of the Charophyceae or stoneworts. Note the plasmodesmata, channels of cytoplasm through which plant cells communicate with each other. Magnification: 35,000x at 5 x 5. - Stock Image C022/1297
This slide show includes highlights from the 2014 Society of Gynecologic Oncology annual meeting, including one study showing bariatric surgery could lower the risk of uterine cancer, and another that found a PARP inhibitor active in BRCA-positive ovarian cancer.
Utricularia species capture small prey in traps. The prey spectrum of aquatic Utricularia species includes a large variety of organisms (e.g. copepods, cladocerans, crustacea, rotifers, algae). This study focuses on selected attributes (species richness, density, biovolume, C and N contents) of microalgae captured inside the traps of aquatic Utricularia spp.. A total of 850 traps of four aquatic bladderwort species (Utricularia australis, U. foliosa, U. gibba and U. vulgaris) from tropical (Ivory Coast) and temperate (Canada, Germany) regions has been investigated concerning the algae captured. In total, 302 microalgal taxa have been identified with Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Charophyceae being most species rich. The number of microalgae species captured was different among the Utricularia spp. It was relatively low inside the traps of U. gibba and U. foliosa from tropical Africa, with the greatest species diversity observed within the Charophyceae (Desmidiaceae). The highest ...
Plasmodesmata (singular: plasmodesma) are microscopic channels which traverse the cell walls of plant cells and some algal cells, enabling transport and communication between them. Plasmodesmata evolved independently in several lineages, and species that have these structures include members of the Charophyceae, Charales, Coleochaetales and Phaeophyceae (which are all algae), as well as all embryophytes, better known as land plants. Unlike animal cells, almost every plant cell is surrounded by a polysaccharide cell wall. Neighbouring plant cells are therefore separated by a pair of cell walls and the intervening middle lamella, forming an extracellular domain known as the apoplast. Although cell walls are permeable to small soluble proteins and other solutes, plasmodesmata enable direct, regulated, symplastic transport of substances between cells. There are two forms of plasmodesmata: primary plasmodesmata, which are formed during cell division, and secondary plasmodesmata, which can form ...
my 94 gmc sierra 1500 will start then dies and then wont start again for awhile - i will start my truck and it will idle for alittle bit then it dies and w...
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I have several questions about upgrading suspension of a gmc Sierra 1500 5.3 and if its worth it. Id like to upgrade my truck for off-roading and fairly ...
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Post a Comment for Pushmataha District: Jacks Fork County, 1902 1904. Miscellaneous correspondence relating to illegal cattle grazing by non-Choctaw citizens, timber by non-citizens, issue and payment of permits, Choctaw probate and guardianship issues ...
This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.. The Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 were redesigned during the 1999 model year (the previous design extended into the early 1999 model year). The Classic nameplate was added in the 2007 model year to distinguish what effectively are carryover 2006 models from the redesigned 2007 Silverado 1500 and Sierra 1500.. Note: These ratings do NOT apply to the redesigned 2007 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500.. ...
This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.. The Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 were redesigned during the 1999 model year (the previous design extended into the early 1999 model year). The Classic nameplate was added in the 2007 model year to distinguish what effectively are carryover 2006 models from the redesigned 2007 Silverado 1500 and Sierra 1500.. Note: These ratings do NOT apply to the redesigned 2007 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500.. ...
At least, six persons including a community leader have been allegedly killed with several others injured after suspected Fulani herdsmen invaded Gabo village i
This year, about 13,000 acres of state wildlife management areas were grazed, part of a new Department of Natural Resources program that eventually will be expanded to about 50,000 acres.
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Review standard and optional safety features and ratings from the IIHS and NHTSA for the 2009 Sierra 1500 Denali 4x2 Crew Cab 5.75 ft. box 143.5 in. WB.
To delete a comment, just log in and view the posts comments. There you will have the option to edit or delete them.. Reply ...
High Sierra is a interesting company. Their packs are very popular even here in the city. I have seen them on the bus at least 3 different times just this week. So its not surprising that they have a presence on Facebook as well. You can go to their Facebook page and share how you use their products as well as tell them what you think about causes that they support. You can also follow the adventures of Team Luna Chix and see pictures from other events that High Sierra have a hand in supporting. Plus, if you go and participate in the High Sierra community, you may have a chance at winning a pack. All you need to do to participate in High Sierras Facebook community, is go here and like their page.. The Cirque 30 is available on Amazon.com for $52.99. Not bad for such a well built daypack.. What I liked: Sternum strap and waist belt plus the 30 L capacity make this a pack suitable for scout leaders and parents leading kids in the woods on a all day hike.. What I didnt care for: The compression ...
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ORIX Mezzanine & Private Equity Investments announced today a mezzanine and private equity investment for the acquisition of Sierra Engineering and Sierra Petroleum Services, Ltd. (Sierra) by Corinthian Capital Group, LLC and its management. Sierra provides engineering and consulting services to the oil and gas industry and specializes in wellbore-construction project management. Sierra gives its clients the expertise necessary to develop, evaluate, and execute projects ranging from a single well to entire fields. Headquartered in Midland, Texas, the company operates throughout the continental U.S. as well as internationally. C. Kenneth Clay, senior managing director of Corinthian Capital said, Sierra has emerged as a leading provider of oil and gas engineering and consulting services and has a very strong brand. I am confident that, with Sierras impressive management team, we can help position the company to expand and grow domestically as well as abroad.. Jeff Sangalis, managing director ...
226. Cattle Grazing. 15 x 18, oil on panel. Gilbert Munger lower left. Offered at Christies London, South Kensington, sale of 25 Mar 2004, lot 26, est. £2,000 - 3,000; sold for £2,800 + 20% to a Utah collector. Image from email provided by Christies ...
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Effects of cattle grazing on soil bulk density were measured at two sites in central Kansas. Samples were taken at depths of 0 to 3 in. and 3 to 6 in. from grazed and ungrazed areas at five locations in each field. No statistical difference (P,0.01) between bulk densities of the two areas occurred at the 3 to 6 in. depth for either site. However, soil in the grazed areas had significantly higher (P,0.01) bulk density than that in the ungrazed areas at the 0 to 3 in. depth at both sites ...
Lyness HOY ORKNEY Beef cattle grazing in field above Ore bay Heritage centre Oil tank Picture Credit: Doug Houghton / Scottish Viewpoint Tel: +44 (0) 131 622 7174 Fax: +44 (0) 131 622 7175 E-Mail : [email protected] This photograph cannot be used without prior permission from Scottish Viewpoint. Public
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The 2020 GMC Sierra 1500 will come with the same roster of engine options and transmissions including the turbocharged and diesel units.
Earlier this year, 38-year-old environmental activist Michael Brune was named the unlikely choice to take over as head of the Sierra Club, the largest U.S. conservation organization. In an interview with Yale Environment 360Â Brune says its time to move beyond overly accommodating strategies like those that failed to win passage of U.S. climate legislation.
Siphonocladiales Family 1. Valoniaceae Family 2. Dasycladaceae Class 2. Charophyceae Order Charales Family Characeae Order 1. ...
Lewis & McCourt, 2004 (Charophyceae Smith 1938, emend. Mattox and Stewart 1984) - green algae (part) and land plants Charophyta ...
2012, Charophyceae Mattox & Stewart, 1984, Streptophycophytes de Reviers, 2002). These earlier classifications have not taken ... 2009 (Charophyceae Smith 1938, Mattox & Stewart 1984) Chlorokybus Geitler 1942 Mesostigma Lauterborn 1894 Klebsormidiophyceae ... 2009 Coleochaetophyceae Jeffrey 1982 Streptophyta Jeffrey 1967 Charophyceae Smith 1938, emend. Karol et al. 2009 (Charales ... Order Coleochaetales Subdivision Streptophytina Class Charophyceae (same as the Smith system, 1938) Order Charales (charophytes ...
Siphonocladiales Family 1. Valoniaceae Family 2. Dasycladaceae Class 2. Charophyceae Order Charales Family Characeae ... Class Charophyceae (order Charales) In a note added in proof, an alternative classification is presented for the algae of the ... Charophyceae (1 order) Charales Classification of the Chlorophyta according to Mattox & Stewart 1984: Micromonadophyceae Mattox ... Order Coleochaetales Subdivision Streptophytina Class Charophyceae (reverts to use of GM Smith) Order Charales (charophytes ...
Charophyceae): an ancestral mechanism inherited by plants". American Journal of Botany. 91 (3): 313-20. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.3. ...
The Charophyceae are obligate aquatic algae, growing submerged in calcareous fresh water. They are distributed throughout the ...
... is an order of freshwater green algae in the division Charophyta, class Charophyceae, commonly known as "stoneworts". ... The occurrence of sexual Chara canesces populations (Charophyceae) is not related to ecophysiological potentials with respect ...
4-Glucan Synthase are found in Charophyceae algae. In many dicotyledonous plants, it is the most abundant hemicellulose in the ...
The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the potentially more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.[1][2] The land plants, or embryophytes, are thought to have emerged from the charophytes.[3] Therefore, cladistically, embryophytes belong to green algae as well. However, because the embryophytes are traditionally classified as neither algae nor green algae, green algae are a paraphyletic group. Since the realization that the embryophytes emerged from within the green algae, some authors are starting to include them.[4][5][6][7][8] The clade that includes both green algae and embryophytes is monophyletic and is referred to as the clade Viridiplantae and as the kingdom Plantae. The green algae include unicellular and colonial flagellates, most with two flagella per cell, as well as various colonial, coccoid and filamentous ...
This section lists the orders of Viridiplantae within the class Charophyceae. Order Charales This section lists the orders of ...
The Charophyte class Charophyceae and the land plant sub-kingdom Embryophyta together form the monophyletic group or clade ...
Charophyceae. *Zygnematophyceae. *Coleochaetophyceae. *Embryophyta (plantas terrestres). Cladograma. O cladograma que se segue ...
Class Charophyceae Order Charales (e.g., Chara, Lamprothamnium, Nitellopsis, Nitella, Tolypella) In a note added in proof, an ...
Some green algae of the class Charophyceae use phragmoplasts similar to those in embryophytes to organize and guide the growing ...
Les plantes verdes o viridiplantes (Viridiplantae, literalment "plantes verdes")[5] són un clade d'eucariotes format per algues verdes, que són principalment aquàtiques, i plantes terrestres (embriòfits).[6][7][8] Les algues verdes tradicionalment exclouen les plantes terrestres, convertint-les en un grup parafilètic. Les seves cèl·lules tenen cel·lulosa a la paret cel·lular i cloroplasts primaris derivats de l'endosimbiosi amb cianobacteris que contenen clorofil·les a i b i els manquen ficobilines. Existeixen més de 350.000 espècies de plantes verdes.[9] En algunes classificacions, el grup s'ha considerat un regne,[10] sota diversos noms com Viridiplantae, Chlorobionta, o simplement Plantae, aquest darrer expandint el tradicional regne vegetal per incloure les algues verdes. Adl et al., que van crear una classificació de tots els eucariotes el 2005, van introduir el nom Chloroplastida per aquest grup, on s'encabien els organismes amb cloroplasts de clorofil·la verda. Van rebutjar ...
Error on Charophyceae[edit]. Your edit on Charophyceae stated "Monophyletic Charophyceae could include Embryophytes." That is ... Your recent edit to the page Charophyceae appears to have added incorrect information, so I have removed it for now. If you ... several recent analyses support the notion that a member of the Charophyceae gave rise to embryophytes. Which appears to render ... I have http://lifeofplant.blogspot.nl/2011/05/charophyceae.html which appears to invalidate you statement that my edits are ...
Charophyceae [Part 2/1] Embryobionta "Bryophytes" [Part 3] Marchantiophyta (Hepaticae) Bryophyta (Musci) Anthocerotophyta ...
... the gametes of Charophyceae, of most bryophytes and of some metazoans triflagellated: e.g., the gametes of some Foraminifera ...
Streptophyta Charophyta Mesostigmatophyceae Chlorokybophyceae Klebsormidiophyceae Charophyceae Zygnematophyceae ...
... and species that have these structures include members of the Charophyceae, Charales, Coleochaetales and Phaeophyceae (which ...
... and one species each of Charophyceae, Euglenophyceae, Dinophyceae and Cryptophyceae. The Zooplanktons recorded are: 7 rotifers ...
... are a class within the Streptophyta. Current consensus treats Charophyceae as a class under division Charophyta, ... Charophyceae is a class (biology) of charophyte green algae. It is a basal Phragmoplastophyta clade as sister of another ... unnamed clade which contains the Embryophytes (land plants). Some botanists include Charophyceae and chlorophyte green algae in ...
Sina M. Adl, Alastair G. B. Simpson, Mark A. Farmer, Robert A. Andersen, O. Roger Anderson, John A. Barta, Samual S. Bowser, Guy Bragerolle, Robert A. Fensome, Suzanne Fredericq, Timothy Y. James, Sergei Karpov, Paul Kugrens, John Krug, Christopher E. Lane, Louise A. Lewis, Jean Lodge, Denis H. Lynn, David G. Mann, Richard M. McCourt, Leonel Mendoza, Øjvind Moestrup, Sharon E. Mozley-Standridge, Thomas A. Nerad, Carol A. Shearer, Alexey V. Smirnov, Frederick W. Spiegel, Max F. J. R. Taylor: The New Higher Level Classification of Eukaryotes with Emphasis on the Taxonomy of Protists. The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 (5), 2005; Seiten 399-451 (Abstract und Volltext) ...
Most conifers are monoecious, but some are subdioecious or dioecious; all are wind-pollinated. Conifer seeds develop inside a protective cone called a strobilus. The cones take from four months to three years to reach maturity, and vary in size from 2 mm to 600 mm long. In Pinaceae, Araucariaceae, Sciadopityaceae and most Cupressaceae, the cones are woody, and when mature the scales usually spread open allowing the seeds to fall out and be dispersed by the wind. In some (e.g. firs and cedars), the cones disintegrate to release the seeds, and in others (e.g. the pines that produce pine nuts) the nut-like seeds are dispersed by birds (mainly nutcrackers, and jays), which break up the specially adapted softer cones. Ripe cones may remain on the plant for a varied amount of time before falling to the ground; in some fire-adapted pines, the seeds may be stored in closed cones for up to 60-80 years, being released only when a fire kills the parent tree. In the families Podocarpaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, ...
The evolutionary origins of the embryophytes are discussed further below, but they are believed to have evolved from within a group of complex green algae during the Paleozoic era (which started around 540 million years ago). Charales or the stoneworts may be a living illustration of the middle step between green algae and embryophytes, due to a similarity in structure and function of its reproductive system and that the genus Equisetum, which is a vascular embryophyte that reproduces via spores.[13][14] However, this view was challenged recently. Another theory suggests that embryophytes emerged on land from terrestrial unicellular charophytes, similar to extant Klebsormidiophyceae.[15] Embryophytes are primarily adapted for life on land, although some are secondarily aquatic. Accordingly, they are often called land plants or terrestrial plants. On a microscopic level, the cells of embryophytes are broadly similar to those of green algae, but differ in that in cell division the daughter nuclei ...
Algae comprise several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been included in the plant kingdom. The seaweeds range from large multicellular algae to single-celled organisms and are classified into three groups, the green algae, red algae and brown algae. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here.[23][24] The Viridiplantae, the green plants - green algae and land plants - form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. With a few exceptions, the green plants have the following features in common; primary chloroplasts derived from cyanobacteria containing chlorophylls a and b, cell walls containing cellulose, and food stores in the form of starch contained within the plastids. They undergo ...
It is generally assumed that the function of flowers, from the start, was to involve mobile animals in their reproduction processes. That is, pollen can be scattered even if the flower is not brightly colored or oddly shaped in a way that attracts animals; however, by expending the energy required to create such traits, angiosperms can enlist the aid of animals and, thus, reproduce more efficiently. Island genetics provides one proposed explanation for the sudden, fully developed appearance of flowering plants. Island genetics is believed to be a common source of speciation in general, especially when it comes to radical adaptations that seem to have required inferior transitional forms. Flowering plants may have evolved in an isolated setting like an island or island chain, where the plants bearing them were able to develop a highly specialized relationship with some specific animal (a wasp, for example). Such a relationship, with a hypothetical wasp carrying pollen from one plant to another ...
Friedl, T (1995). "Inferring taxonomic positions and testing genus level assignments in coccoid green lichen algae: a phylogenetic analysis of 18S ribosomal RNA sequences from Dictyochloropsis reticulata and from members of the genus Myrmecia (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae cl. nov.)". Journal of Phycology. 31 (4): 632-639. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.1995.tb02559.x ...
The members of this division have a long evolutionary history, and fossils are abundant worldwide, especially in coal deposits. In fact, most known genera are extinct. The Silurian species Baragwanathia longifolia represents the earliest identifiable Lycopodiophyta, while some Cooksonia seem to be related. Lycopodolica is another Silurian genus which appears to be an early member of this group.[12] Fossils ascribed to the Lycopodiophyta first appear in the Silurian period, along with a number of other vascular plants. Phylogenetic analysis places them at the base of the vascular plants; they are distinguished by their microphylls and by transverse dehiscence of their sporangia (as contrasted with longitudinal in other vascular plants). Sporangia of living species are borne on the upper surfaces of microphylls (called sporophylls). In some groups, these sporophylls are clustered into strobili. Devonian fossil trees from Svalbard, growing in equatorial regions, raise the possibility that they drew ...
The chloroplasts of glaucophytes are known as 'cyanelles' or 'cyanoplasts'. Unlike the chloroplasts in other organisms, they have a peptidoglycan layer, believed to be a relic of the endosymbiotic origin of plastids from cyanobacteria.[1][4] Glaucophytes contain the photosynthetic pigment chlorophyll a.[1] Along with red algae[1] and cyanobacteria, they harvest light via phycobilisomes, structures consisting largely of phycobiliproteins. The green algae and land plants have lost that pigment.[5] Like red algae, and in contrast to green algae and plants, glaucophytes store fixed carbon in the cytosol.[6] Glaucophytes have mitochondria with flat cristae, and undergo open mitosis without centrioles. Motile forms have two unequal flagella, which may have fine hairs and are anchored by a multilayered system of microtubules, both of which are similar to forms found in some green algae.[5] ...
Charophyceae at AlgaeBase. *Ruggiero MA, Gordon DP, Orrell TM, Bailly N, Bourgoin T, Brusca RC, et al. (2015) A Higher Level ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Charophyceae&oldid=47952742" ...
Charophyceae are a class within the Streptophyta. Current consensus treats Charophyceae as a class under division Charophyta, ... Charophyceae is a class (biology) of charophyte green algae. It is a basal Phragmoplastophyta clade as sister of another ... unnamed clade which contains the Embryophytes (land plants). Some botanists include Charophyceae and chlorophyte green algae in ...
Oospore Wall Ornamentation in the Genus Tolypella (Charales, Charophyceae). Authors. *. Jacek Urbaniak,. Corresponding author* ... William Pérez, John D. Hall, Richard M. McCourt, Kenneth G. Karol, M. Vis, Phylogeny of North AmericanTolypella(Charophyceae, ... Charophyceae, Charophyta), Journal of Phycology, 2015, 51, 2, 310. Wiley Online Library ...
Curated hierarchies for Charophyceae. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Life Cellular Organisms Eukaryota Archaeplastida ... Charophyceae. Class recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9, Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, wikipedia IT, wikipedia ES, ... Charophyceae. Harvest ancestor according to Simpson et al 2019, Flora do Brasil, GBIF classification, Global Register of ... Charophyceae. Recognized by iNaturalist, Timor Sea Species List, Adriatic Sea Species List, BioImages, the virtual fieldguide, ...
The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the potentially more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.[1][2] The land plants, or embryophytes, are thought to have emerged from the charophytes.[3] Therefore, cladistically, embryophytes belong to green algae as well. However, because the embryophytes are traditionally classified as neither algae nor green algae, green algae are a paraphyletic group. Since the realization that the embryophytes emerged from within the green algae, some authors are starting to include them.[4][5][6][7][8] The clade that includes both green algae and embryophytes is monophyletic and is referred to as the clade Viridiplantae and as the kingdom Plantae. The green algae include unicellular and colonial flagellates, most with two flagella per cell, ...
Charophyceae. *Zygnematophyceae. *Coleochaetophyceae. *Embryophyta (plantas terrestres). Cladograma. O cladograma que se segue ...
Charophyceae. Classification according to Bold and Wynne (Introduction to the Algae, Second Edition, Prentice Hall NJ) ...
In Charophyceae, the oosporangia and antheridia are the respective female and male structures of sexual reproduction. These ... Structural and ultrastructural characters of the gametogenesis of Chara hydropitys (Charophyceae) * Edgar Javier Rincón Barón ... Sakayama, H. (2008). Taxonomy of Nitella (Charales, Charophyceae) based on comparative morphology of oospores and multiple DNA ... Schagerl, M., & Pichler, C. (2000). Pigment composition of freshwater charophyceae. Aquatic Botany, 67, 117-129.. Schneider, S ...
Class Charophyceae. Charophyceae are of great fossil age; the stoneworts date as far back as the late Silurian period. Cells of ... Plants are thought to have evolved from early species of Charophyceae.. The class includes Spirogyra, familiar filamentous ... During mitosis, the nuclear envelope and the mitotic spindle persist, as they do in the Charophyceae.. The class Ulvophyceae ...
Charophyceae (Charales). McCourt, Richard M. (et al.). Pages 165-183 * Chlorokybophyceae, Klebsormidiophyceae, ...
... and Charophyceae. Sampling of land plant lineages was guided by Magallón et al.28 for seed plants and complemented with more ... Charophyceae), and therefore, may have not yet occupied land (Fig. 1). Therefore we use our maximum estimates for the origin of ...
Les plantes verdes o viridiplantes (Viridiplantae, literalment "plantes verdes")[5] són un clade deucariotes format per algues verdes, que són principalment aquàtiques, i plantes terrestres (embriòfits).[6][7][8] Les algues verdes tradicionalment exclouen les plantes terrestres, convertint-les en un grup parafilètic. Les seves cèl·lules tenen cel·lulosa a la paret cel·lular i cloroplasts primaris derivats de lendosimbiosi amb cianobacteris que contenen clorofil·les a i b i els manquen ficobilines. Existeixen més de 350.000 espècies de plantes verdes.[9] En algunes classificacions, el grup sha considerat un regne,[10] sota diversos noms com Viridiplantae, Chlorobionta, o simplement Plantae, aquest darrer expandint el tradicional regne vegetal per incloure les algues verdes. Adl et al., que van crear una classificació de tots els eucariotes el 2005, van introduir el nom Chloroplastida per aquest grup, on sencabien els organismes amb ...
... and Charophyceae; obviously ancestral to land plants ...
Siphonocladiales Family 1. Valoniaceae Family 2. Dasycladaceae Class 2. Charophyceae Order Charales Family Characeae Order 1. ...
Resumen Los oosporangios y anteridios de Charophyceae son los órganos de reproducción sexual femeninos y masculinos ... Caracteres estructurales y ultraestructurales de la gametogénesis de Chara hydropitys (Charophyceae) / Structural and ... ultrastructural characters of the gametogenesis of Chara hydropitys (Charophyceae) Rincón-Baron, Edgar Javier; Castrillón ...
3. Klasse: Charophyceae *Ordnung Charales. Melkonian in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]. Melkonian, M., 1990. 32b. Phylum ...
Charophyceae. A. Paschers Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa (1978-)[edit]. From Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa (or Freshwater ... Class Charophyceae. van den Hoek, Mann and Jahns (1995)[edit]. van den Hoek, C., Mann, D. G., & Jahns, H. M. (1995): Algae. An ... Class Charophyceae. Round (1971)[edit]. Round, F.E. (1971). "The taxonomy of the Chlorophyta, 2". Brit. phycol. J. 6 (2): 235- ... Class Charophyceae (orders Klebsormidiales, Coleochaetales, Charales). Melkonian in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]. Melkonian, M ...
Error on Charophyceae[edit]. Your edit on Charophyceae stated "Monophyletic Charophyceae could include Embryophytes." That is ... Your recent edit to the page Charophyceae appears to have added incorrect information, so I have removed it for now. If you ... several recent analyses support the notion that a member of the Charophyceae gave rise to embryophytes. Which appears to render ... I have http://lifeofplant.blogspot.nl/2011/05/charophyceae.html which appears to invalidate you statement that my edits are ...
Patterson, G. W., McKenna, K. C., Lusby, W. R., and Bisson, M. (1991). Sterols of the Charophyceae. J. Nat. Prod. 54, 1141-1143 ...
Class Charophyceae. Order Charales. Family Characeae. Genus Mesochara. *Taxonomy. *References. *Submit Feedback ...
Class Charophyceae. Order Charales. Family Characeae. Genus Nitella. *References. *Submit Feedback. *Submit Reference ...
Class Charophyceae. Order Charales. Family Characeae. Genus Nitella. *References. *Submit Feedback. *Submit Reference ...
Stonewort (Charophyceae). Parrotfeather Treefern (Cyathea andina). Eurasian water milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum. Hydrilla. ...
desmid, a protist of the class Charophyceae (see Chlorophyta).. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for ...
Here we report the draft genome of Chara braunii from Charophyceae, and its comparison to land plants, Klebsormidium nitens, ... The comparison revealed acquisition of genes before and after the divergence of Charophyceae in the lineage leading to land ... Charophyceae are relatives of land plants, whose genomes have been envisioned to contain important information to understand ... 2) Charophyceae. A taxa including Chara, Nitella, and several other genera (Order Charales). While Charophyceae sometimes refer ...
Review of the species concepts Chara fibrosa and C. flaccida (Characeae, Charophyceae). Austral. Syst. Botany. 26(4): 291-297, ... Lamprothamnium in Australia (Characeae, Charophyceae). Austral. Syst. Botany. 26(4): 268-290, 13 figs.. 8 species described; ...
Charophyceae, Stylonematophyceae Orden: Ceramiales, Bryopsidales, Cladophorales, Dictyotales, Nemaliales, Corallinales, ...
Charophyceae (Charales) Richard M. McCourt, Kenneth G. Karol, John D. Hall, Michelle T. Casanova, Michael C. Grant ...
Charophyceae / genetics * Charophyceae / metabolism * Conserved Sequence * Evolution, Molecular * Genetic Complementation Test ...
  • Charophyceae Order Charales Family Characeae Order 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have determined the mtDNA sequence of Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae), a green alga belonging to the charophycean order (Charales) that is thought to be the most closely related alga to land plants. (plantcell.org)
  • Charophyceae are a class within the Streptophyta. (wikipedia.org)
  • EST analysis of the scaly green flagellate Mesostigma viride (Streptophyta): implications for the evolution of green plants (Viridiplantae) » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • Green plants seem to form two sister lineages: Chlorophyta, comprising the green algal classes Prasinophyceae, Ulvophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, and Chlorophyceae, and Streptophyta, comprising the Charophyceae and land plants. (pnas.org)
  • Recent analyses suggest that the Charophyceae is a paraphyletic group, and therefore the orders originally circumscribed within it have been placed within the Streptophyta (Bremer, 1985). (tolweb.org)
  • The Chlorophyta includes the Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and Prasinopohyceae, whereas the Streptophyta includes the Charophyceae plus the bryophytes, ferns, and all other multicellular land plants (Embryophyta). (mpg.de)
  • Ultrastructure and phylogeny of the spermatozoid of Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae). (ucr.ac.cr)
  • En el presente trabajo se describen los detalles estructurales y ultraestructurales de la gametogénesis en Chara hydropitys. (bvsalud.org)
  • In fact, Pringsheim, in the 1860s, already suggested that Chara (presently placed in Charophyceae ) is closely related to land plants. (eurekalert.org)
  • Here, 60 researchers from 40 institutions of 13 countries participated in the genome analysis of Chara braunii , a representative of Charophyceae *2). (eurekalert.org)
  • Purification and characterization of the 2OS proteasome from alga Chara corallina (Charophyceae). (lakeheadu.ca)
  • Colour enhanced transmission electron micrograph of cell wall formation in Chara, a member of the Charophyceae or stoneworts. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Current consensus treats Charophyceae as a class under division Charophyta, with Chlorophyta remaining a distinct division. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group I introns are inherited through common ancestry in the nuclear-encoded rRNA of Zygnematales (Charophyceae). (tolweb.org)
  • Three groups of green algae are evolutionarily closer to land plants than Klebsormidiophyceae , that is, Charophyceae , Coleochaetophyceae and Zygnematophyceae (Figures 1 and 2). (eurekalert.org)
  • also Charophyceae), a phylum of algae or, according to some classifications, a class of green algae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A phylum of green plants comprising CHAROPHYCEAE (streptophyte green algae) and EMBRYOPHYTA (land plants). (bireme.br)
  • 1991). The orders were all placed in the class Charophyceae (Mattox and Stewart, 1984) and retained within the green algae (Division Chlorophyta in the classical sense [Bold and Wynne, 1985]. (tolweb.org)
  • Denboh, T., Hendrayanti, D., Ichimura, T. 2001 Monophyly of the genus Closterium and the order Desmidiales (Charophyceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from nuclear small subunit rDNA data. (go.jp)
  • Charophyceae is a class (biology) of charophyte green algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some botanists include Charophyceae and chlorophyte green algae in the plant kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gain and loss of elongation factor genes in green algae » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • Becker B « Function and evolution of the vacuolar compartment in green algae and land plants (Viridiplantae) » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lewis, L. A & R. M. McCourt « Green algae and the origin of land plants » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, Charophyceae (a taxon of green algae) are closest ancestors of land plants. (mdpi.com)
  • Land plants evolved from charophytic algae, among which Charophyceae possess the most complex body plans. (jic.ac.uk)
  • Aceptado en febrero de Systematic Biology 54 6: A century of progress in the natural sciences, In older classification systems, it refers to a highly paraphyletic group of all the green algae within the green plants Viridiplantae and thus includes about 7, species [7] [8] of mostly algae photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms. (kemerescorttr.site)
  • The closest relative is a group of green algae known as Charophyceae. (uvigo.es)
  • Phycologists generally recognize five green algal classes: Charophyceae, which include the closest relatives of land plants, Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and a nonmonophyletic group known as Prasinophyceae ( 13 , 15 , 16 ). (pnas.org)
  • Your edit on Charophyceae stated "Monophyletic Charophyceae could include Embryophytes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Dear Plantsurfer: In the article I referred to it states: Furthermore, several recent analyses support the notion that a member of the Charophyceae gave rise to embryophytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In total, 302 microalgal taxa have been identified with Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Charophyceae being most species rich. (schweizerbart.de)
  • Mougeotia cell wall composition is similar to that of Klebsormidium (Charophyceae) and has homologies with vascular plant cell walls. (utexas.edu)
  • En algunes classificacions, el grup s'ha considerat un regne , [10] sota diversos noms com Viridiplantae, Chlorobionta, o simplement Plantae , aquest darrer expandint el tradicional regne vegetal per incloure les algues verdes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Van rebutjar el nom de Viridiplantae basant-se en que algunes de les espècies no són plantes, segons la concepció tradicional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viridiplantae » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogeny and Classification of the Pedinophyceae (Viridiplantae) Revealed by Molecular Phylogenetic Analyses of Complete Nuclear and Plastid-encoded rRNA Operons» (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • Later molecular studies (reviews in McCourt, 1995 and Melkonian and Surek, 1995) largely confirmed this close relationship, and confirmed what the ultrastructural and morphological data had first suggested: that the Charophyceae is a paraphyletic assemblage. (tolweb.org)
  • Therefore, the primary cell walls of vascular plants may have evolved directly from structures typical of the filamentous green algal cell walls found in the Charophyceae. (utexas.edu)
  • Our observations support ultrastructural evidence which suggests that members of the Charophyceae represent the phylogenetic line that gave rise to vascular plants. (utexas.edu)
  • Charophyceae), and the single-copy actin gene from Mesostigma viride (Prasinophyceae). (mpg.de)
  • Drawing the tree of eukaryotic life based on the analysis of 2,269 manually annotated myosins from 328 species » (en anglès). (wikipedia.org)
  • It was relatively low inside the traps of U. gibba and U. foliosa from tropical Africa, with the greatest species diversity observed within the Charophyceae (Desmidiaceae). (schweizerbart.de)
  • Your recent edit to the page Charophyceae appears to have added incorrect information, so I have removed it for now. (wikipedia.org)
  • The last common ancestor of Charophyceae and land plants was estimated, in this study, to possess all the genes known from land plants for cell division except one, TANGLED1. (eurekalert.org)
  • The composition and phylogenetic significance of the Mougeotia (Charophyceae) cell wall. (utexas.edu)
  • I have http://lifeofplant.blogspot.nl/2011/05/charophyceae.html which appears to invalidate you statement that my edits are incorrect information. (wikipedia.org)