Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. An early association in the United States was founded as the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in 1909, became the Mental Health Association in 1976 and later the National Mental Health Association in 1980. State and local mental health associations in this country are chartered by the national organization and affiliated with it.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
The comparison of the quantity of meaningful data to the irrelevant or incorrect data.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.
The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
Methods used to measure the relative activity of a specific enzyme or its concentration in solution. Typically an enzyme substrate is added to a buffer solution containing enzyme and the rate of conversion of substrate to product is measured under controlled conditions. Many classical enzymatic assay methods involve the use of synthetic colorimetric substrates and measuring the reaction rates using a spectrophotometer.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Antibodies that are chemically bound to a substrate material which renders their location fixed.
The fundamental, structural, and functional units or subunits of living organisms. They are composed of CYTOPLASM containing various ORGANELLES and a CELL MEMBRANE boundary.
Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A measure of inpatient health facility use based upon the average number or proportion of beds occupied for a given period of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
A scanning microscope-based, cytofluorimetry technique for making fluorescence measurements and topographic analysis on individual cells. Lasers are used to excite fluorochromes in labeled cellular specimens. Fluorescence is detected in multiple discrete wavelengths and the locational data is processed to quantitatively assess APOPTOSIS; PLOIDIES; cell proliferation; GENE EXPRESSION; PROTEIN TRANSPORT; and other cellular processes.
Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
A nonspecific symptom of hearing disorder characterized by the sensation of buzzing, ringing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises in the ear. Objective tinnitus refers to noises generated from within the ear or adjacent structures that can be heard by other individuals. The term subjective tinnitus is used when the sound is audible only to the affected individual. Tinnitus may occur as a manifestation of COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.
Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.
A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Techniques used in microbiology.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
Differential response to different stimuli.
A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.
Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.
Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.
Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.
The ability to differentiate tones.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
Physical surroundings or conditions of a hospital or other health facility and influence of these factors on patients and staff.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Gradual bilateral hearing loss associated with aging that is due to progressive degeneration of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways. Hearing loss usually begins with the high frequencies then progresses to sounds of middle and low frequencies.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
The posterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which contain centers for auditory function.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Tests for central hearing disorders based on the competing message technique (binaural separation).
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.
Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
A genus of the family Chinchillidae which consists of three species: C. brevicaudata, C. lanigera, and C. villidera. They are used extensively in biomedical research.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
According to Sam Fell of Mess + Noise "[it] was a polarising release. Still, it was a record that found the band comfortable in ... Lee, Jasper (Jaz). "Gaslight Radio: Chapter 6: The Hard-Luck Knights". Oz Music Project - Australian Music Resource and Webzine ... Fell, Sam (28 July 2009). "Gaslight Radio: Out of the Wilderness". Mess + Noise. Retrieved 27 August 2017. Lee, Jasper (Jaz). " ... Chapter 6: The Hard Luck Knights, was released in 2002 via Love + Mercy / Inertia Records. Oz Music Project's Jasper Lee opined ...
Noise. Retrieved 9 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Carew, Anthony (15 November 2012). "Chapter Music ... Chapter Music, 1995) Blip (Chapter Music, 1996) Swish (Varispeed, 1997) Freckles (Trifekta, 2000) Gardenesque (Trifekta, 21 ... In 2002 Chapter Records released a CD compilation album, Portfolio, of Minimum Chips' early material. Also in that year ... Minimum Chips' first release was a split 7" five-track extended play on Chapter Records in September 1995. Two tracks were ...
Cashmere, Paul (November 5, 2012). "The Seekers Are About To Turn 50". Noise 11. Retrieved May 4, 2019. Copsey, Robert ( ... Rosen, Jody (September 10, 2012). "Chapter V". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 14, 2019. Gallo, Phil (May 2, 2012). "Alanis ... "Flotsam and Jetsam: 'Ugly Noise' Cover Artwork Unveiled". Blabbermouth.net. October 23, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2019. Belfield ... November 28, 2012). "Kelly Clarkson: 'Greatest Hits: Chapter One' - Album review". Digital Spy. Retrieved May 4, 2019. ...
"Chapter VII: 1945". The Official Chronology of the US Navy in World War II. Hyperwar. Retrieved 20 September 2011.. ... "Noise Addicts. 29 September 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2008.. *^ Nussbaum, "Hokkaido Daigaku" in p. 343, p. 343, at Google ... McDougall, Walter A. (1993). Let the Sea Make a Noise: A History of the North Pacific from Magellan to MacArthur. New York: ... "Chapter 3: Nivkh as an Aspiration Language," p. 53 RUG.nl Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. ...
... chapter-url= (help). Pearls of Amber. Merlin's Noise Records. Watts, Derek (2008). Country Boy: A Biography of Albert Lee. ... MacLeod, Mac (2011). "Liner Notes" (Compact Disc) ,chapter-format= requires , ...
English, Lawrence (June 2019). Noise Mass (booklet). Australia: Room40. p. 11. RM4108. Woodward, Brett (1999). "Chapter 12: ... Batztoutai with Memorial Gadgets is a double album by the Japanese noise musician Merzbow. It was later remixed and reissued in ... Extasis of Loudness - A Totally Arbitrary A-Z of Merzbow". Merzbook: The Pleasuredome of Noise. Melbourne, Australia: Extreme ...
Chapter 9. Reciprocal noise reduction. Archived from the original on 2017-11-05. Retrieved 2017-11-05 - via Deutsches Hifi- ... had signal-to-noise ratios low enough that undecoded playback would accentuate their noise to unacceptable levels. By reducing ... the same team who also designed the High Com noise reduction system, a broadband compander with up to 20 dB of noise reduction ... CX is a noise reduction system for recorded analog audio. It was developed by CBS Laboratories (a division of CBS) in the late ...
Christe 2002, chapter 20 Bergman, Keith (2007). "Trouble - Psalm 9". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved September 5, 2016. Gao (May 18 ... 2006). "Trouble - Psalm 9". Noise.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved November 29, 2007. Official Myspace page Trouble discography at ...
This noise regulation framework comprised a broad data base detailing the extent of noise health effects. Congress ended ... "Chapter I. Introduction to RCRA". Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Orientation Manual (Report). EPA. 2014. EPA 530-F-11- ... Passage of the Noise Control Act in 1972 established mechanisms of setting emission standards for virtually every source of ... "Title IV - Noise Pollution". Clean Air Act Overview. EPA. 2016. Environment Agency (England and Wales) Environmental Assessment ...
"Noise and Hearing Conservation Technical Manual Chapter: Appendix I:D. Ultrasonics". osha.gov. Archived from the original on ... In commercial applications, it can target sound to a single person without the peripheral sound and related noise of a ...
The concept was used by eco-activists in the early 1990s, utilizing headphones at outdoor parties to minimize noise pollution ... "Silent Soundclash, RANA, Eric Krasno & Chapter 2 Among Cruises on Rocks Off Calendar". www.jambands.com. Archived from the ... Another headphone concert was performed in the Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff in April 2000 by Rocketgoldstar. Later headphone ... at Chapter Arts Centre in Cardiff, where the audience listened to a band, Rocketgoldstar, and various DJs through headphones. ...
"OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) , Section III: Chapter 5 - Noise". www.osha.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-14. "CDC - NIOSH eNews - March ... Noise-induced hearing loss is a prevalent work related illness and case studies show that substantial reductions in noise ... test equipment for noise levels before it is sent to the ship, develop and implement solutions to reduce noise levels, ... The Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) Research Program adopted a systems approach which is its innovative foundation. The ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) , Section III: Chapter 5 - Noise". Osha.gov. Occupational ... The dose response relation between occupational exposure to very high frequency noise and resultant hearing risk is unknown. ...
"Video compression artifacts and MPEG noise reduction". Embedded. Retrieved 19 February 2016. "3.9 mosquito noise: Form of edge ... "Chapter 15 - Iterative Image Restoration". The Essential Guide to Image Processing. Academic Press. pp. 349-383. ISBN ... called mosquito noise, as they resemble mosquitoes swarming around the object. The so-called "mosquito noise" is caused by the ... Also, quantization noise can be "hidden" where they would be masked by more prominent sounds. With low compression, a ...
ISBN 978-0-415-18632-2. Chapter VIII, From the Revolution to 1745. Darwall-Smith, Robin, A History of University College, ... ISBN 978-0-19-928429-0. Cockayne, Emily (2007). Hubbub: Filth Noise & Stench in England. Yale University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978 ...
She co-convenes the Ecological Society of Australia's Research Chapter for Science Communication. "About me". WordPress. ... ". "Traffic noise wiping out Melbourne's frogs?". ECOS Magazine. 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged ... more than 60 research papers and five book chapters. Her research has enjoyed considerable media attention, with over 300 ...
Sakai, Hideki; Fujii, Takuto; Takeguchi, Noriaki (2016). "Chapter 13. Proton-Potassium (H+/K+) ATPases: Properties and Roles in ... "Therapy: Risks associated with chronic PPI use - signal or noise?" (PDF). Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology. 13: ...
They soon discover the Noise Tanks were built by the Rokkaku Group to take over the gangs of Tokyo. After the Noise Tanks are ... "Jet Set Radio Future Playthrough - Immortals Tagger's Tag/Highway Zero/Chapter 5 Intro". Archived from the original on December ... When the GGs win this battle again, the Noise Tanks become furious, releasing hundreds of Noise Tank androids to terrorize the ... The GGs decide to question one of the Noise Tanks' gangs, the mummified Immortals, wondering if the Noise Tanks sudden ...
Listening to Noise and Silence: Towards a Philosophy of Sound Art. London: Continuum. 2010. Chapter 2 Noise, pp. 50-52. ...
Noise and Hearing Conservation Technical Manual Chapter. OSHA. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 11 ...
Chapter 9.Bridepub. Retrieved December 26, 2001 HM Staff. "Top 100 Christian rock albums". HM Magazine. Open Publishing. ... Noise Creep. Retrieved July 17, 2010. Rockwell, Andrew. "Bride - Snakes in the Playground". Angelic Warlord. Retrieved December ...
"Marco Fusinato: Constellations". Noise Singapore. Retrieved 6 May 2016. Wu, Daven (2015-12-11). "Finding comfort in an ... Seng, Yu Jin (2009). "Reconnecting the Past / Notes on an Art Collection". The Next Chapter, Forays into LASALLE's Permanent ...
... oso/9780195151152.001.0001/acprof-9780195151152-chapter-10. Ross, Alex. 2008. The Rest is Noise. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN ... Second English version as The Art of Noises, translated from the Italian with an introduction by Barclay Brown. Monographs in ... In 1913, the painter Luigi Russolo published a manifesto, L'arte dei rumori (The Art of Noises), calling for the incorporation ... English version as The Art of Noise: Futurist Manifesto 1913, translated by Robert Filliou. A Great Bear Pamphlet 18. New York ...
In 2012, Evan released his debut project entitled The 4th Chapter. It was released to fans for free online. He then helped ... Sheehan, Ben (October 12, 2009). "Jared Evan Is Ready To Make Major Noise". Billboard. "Download: Jared Evan - The Fourth ... Chapter EP". Baller Status. June 27, 2012. Official website Official Twitter Jared Evan Is Ready To Make Major Noise (Billboard ... EPs The 4th Chapter (2012) Pieces (2013) Collab (2021) Collaborative albums Boom Bap & Blues (with Statik Selektah) (2013) ...
"Why there's no noise about the Mumbai riots". "Full Srikrishna report: Chapter 1". Sabrang Communications. Tambiah, Stanely J ...
Chapter 20.33 Rao, G. V. R. (1971). Study of Non-radial Stators for Noise Reduction. National Aeronautics and Space ...
In White Noise (2020), a documentary on the white nationalist movement, she says: "Gang rape is an inherently democratic ... Southern, Lauren (2 June 2019). "A New Chapter". Archived from the original on 3 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019. Graham, Ben ... it is an open secret that white nationalists are the primary group making the most noise about the ostensibly out-of-control ... Roeper, Richard (21 October 2020). "White Noise highlights the small lives, not the ugly views, of white nationalists". Chicago ...
p. Chapter 9. ISBN 978-0307274939. "The Civil War". Florentine Films. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved ... there being no noise, or appearance at Deal, or on that coast of any engagement. Recounting this to his Majesty...he was ... Acoustics and Noise Control. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-90299-7. "Science Over the Edge: A Roundup of Strange Science for the ...
"Tsutomu Nihei's classic NOiSE is BACK in digital-read Chapter 1 here". Kodansha Comics. Retrieved 4 March 2020. "The Harvey ... NOiSE - A prequel to Blame!, in which a police officer investigates the murder of a gang. Originally publishing in Afternoon. ... Negative Corridor - A short one-shot, collected in NOiSE. Ningyō no Kuni - A short one-shot set on a frozen planet about an ... Blame - A one-shot prototype for Blame!, collected in NOiSE. Blame!² - A full color, 16 page one-shot published in Kodansha's ...
"Chapter VII: 1945". The Official Chronology of the US Navy in World War II. Hyperwar. Retrieved 20 September 2011. "Translation ... 1-2, p. 88., p. 33, at Google Books McDougall, Walter A. (1993). Let the Sea Make a Noise, pp. 355-356. McDougall, p. 357. " ... 2005). "Hokkaido" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 343, p. 343, at Google Books "Chapter 3: Nivkh as an Aspiration Language," p. 53 ... ISBN 9780960332229; ISBN 9780908054145; OCLC 8954556 McDougall, Walter A. (1993). Let the Sea Make a Noise: A History of the ...
See also: List of Chi's Sweet Home chapters. The manga series is written and illustrated by Kanata Konami. The first chapter ... Chi is isolated in the bathroom while the movers take the boxes and imagines all the bad things the noises would be. ... It was serialized in Kodansha's seinen manga magazine Weekly Morning from 2004 to 2015, with its chapters collected in twelve ... The episodes are 3 minutes long and equivalent to one chapter from the manga. ...
"Chapter 9 Occupational Exposure to Radiation]" (PDF). Radiation, People and the Environment. IAEA. pp. 39-42. Archived from the ... Two major sources of noise in PET are scatter (a detected pair of photons, at least one of which was deflected from its ... Disadvantages are that shot noise in the raw data is prominent in the reconstructed images, and areas of high tracer uptake ... As the timing resolution improves, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the image will improve, requiring fewer events to achieve ...
Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY (eds.). ... For example, repetition of a painful stimulus may make one more responsive to a loud noise. ...
Kear, Janet (2005). Ducks, Geese and Swans: General chapters, species accounts (Anhima to Salvadorina). Oxford University Press ... When taking off, the wings of a mallard produce a characteristic faint whistling noise.[38] ...
Chapter 3: The Oppressors in Action. The Jewish Community of Pinsk.. *^ "Pińsk". Elektroniczna Encyklopedia Żydowska. Virtual ... picnic tables set up on the side with bottles of vodka and sandwiches for those who needed to rest from the deafening noise of ... Today, I am going to refer quite frankly to a very grave chapter. We can mention it now among ourselves quite openly and yet we ...
"15 January 2009: Lake Champlain Sea Smoke, Steam Devils, and Waterspout: Chapters IV and V". National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... "noise".[42] ...
... struggle to come up with a strategy against Present Mic's overpowering noise. Mezo creates a distraction to allow Toru an ...
"Chapter 200: Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures" (PDF). CME Group.. *^ "Chapter 200: Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures" (PDF). CME Group ... Noise: Understanding the Meaning Behind Negative Oil Prices". advice.epwealth.com. Retrieved 2020-07-30.. ... "Chapter 200: Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures" (PDF). CME Group.. *^ "Specifications guide Americas crude oil" (PDF). S&P Global. ...
Keimpe Algra (1999). "Chapter VI: The Chyrsippean notion of fate: soft determinism". The Cambridge History of Hellenistic ... then that person is not likely to infer that either noise caused the tree to fall down. ... Paul Russell (2002). "Chapter 1: Logic, "liberty", and the metaphysics of responsibility". Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's ... Fischer, John Martin (2009). "Chapter 2: Compatibilism". Four Views on Free Will (Great Debates in Philosophy). Wiley-Blackwell ...
Many authors suspect that music has a soothing effect on the patient by affecting how noise is perceived: music renders noise ... American Music Therapy Association, Michigan State University Chapter. Michigan State University. Retrieved August 23, 2018.. ... especially Chapter 5, "Raising Spirits and Restoring Souls".. *Gold, C., Heldal, T.O., Dahle, T., Wigram, T. (2006). "Music ... Parent-infant bonding can also be affected by the noise of the NICU, which in turn can delay the interactions between parents ...
... : A new radio-teletype mode with a traditional philosophy (PDF) (November 1998). Steve Ford, WB8IMY (2001). "Chapter 4 - ... These slower speeds sacrifice throughput to provide greater resistance to noise and other interference. Conversely, PSK63 is ...
For a particular noise level there is a maximum coding rate R. 0. {\displaystyle R_{0}}. called the computational cutoff rate ... Zigangirov, Fundamentals of convolutional coding (chapter 6), ISBN 0-470-27683-5 ...
"Chapter 4: Market Failure". Economics of the Public Sector: Fourth International Student Edition (4th ed.). W. W. Norton & ... and to adjust for noise from other variables. By such means, a hypothesis may gain acceptance, although in a probabilistic, ... "Chapter 6: Economic Models". Models and Reality in Economics. Edward Elgar. ISBN 978-1-85898-575-6. .. • Friedman (1953), pp. ... "Chapter 1: Introduction" (PDF). Behavioral Game Theory: Experiments in Strategic Interaction. Princeton University Press. ISBN ...
a b CHAPTER 2004-256 Committee Substitute for Senate Bill No. 1118 Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine State of Florida ... An epidemiological study published in 2018 examined the hearing status of noise-exposed health care and social assistance (HSA ... Masterson, Elizabeth A.; Themann, Christa L.; Calvert, Geoffrey M. (2018-04-15). "Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise- ...
Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B. (2012). Chapter 3: Checklist of South Asian Mammals in: South Asian Mammals: Their Diversity, ... In addition to noises, the Indian rhino uses olfactory communication. Adult males urinate backwards, as far as 3-4 m behind ...
Natural History of Vertebrates Lecture Notes: Chapter 3 - Jawless Vertebrates and the Origin of Jawed Vertebrates ... "Discriminating signal from noise in the fossil record of early vertebrates reveals cryptic evolutionary history". Proceedings ...
Outside signals entering the cable can cause unwanted noise and picture ghosting. Excessive noise can overwhelm the signal, ... 2010). "Chapter 20: Transmission Lines". The ARRL Handbook for Radio Communications (87th ed.). The American Radio Relay League ... Noise[edit]. External fields create a voltage across the inductance of the outside of the outer conductor between sender and ... Ott, Henry W. (1976). Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems. ISBN 0-471-65726-3.. ...
The noise is best described as either a quick clicking or 'burring' sound, varying from animal to animal. ... Volume 1, Chapter 9. pp. 159 *^ "Brown rat - Rattus norvegicus". The Mammal Society. n.d. Retrieved 23 May 2018.. ... Brown rats also produce communicative noises capable of being heard by humans. The most commonly heard in domestic rats is ... loud noise or while fleeing an intruder.[49] Burrowing can therefore be described as a "pre-encounter defensive behavior", as ...
The water jacket around an engine is very effective at deadening mechanical noises, which makes the engine quieter. ... See Chapter 2 for material balance relationships in a cooling tower) *^ Betz, p. 192. ... This type of cooling is a solution to ensure the optimisation of energy efficiency while simultaneously minimising noise and ...
Chapter 16: My Second Foreign Exite: German Socialism Trotsky, Leon My Life (Charles Schribner's Sons, New York, 1930) Marxist ... "noise pollution" when local non-Muslim residents began to protest.. ...
Taylor, Ian; Brotheridge, Céleste M. (2006-01-01), "Chapter 7 Cultural Differences in Emotional Labor in Flight Attendants", ... flight attendants must periodically conduct cabin checks and listen for any unusual noises or situations. Checks must also be ...
"The Magellan Venus Explorer's Guide, Chapter 8, What's in a Name?". JPL/NASA. Archived from the original on 4 December 2016. ... or made a noise drew the question: "what's the go o' that?"[20] In a passage added to a letter from his father to his sister-in ... he could give chapter and verse for almost any quotation from the psalms. His mother was taken ill with abdominal cancer and, ...
Laws of New York; 1964, 187th Session, Chapter 578, page 1606. *^ New York. Laws of New York; 1897, 120th Session, Chapter 378 ... Controversial political issues in Queens include development, noise, and the cost of housing. ... Laws of 1886, Chapter 667.. *^ Beers, F. W. (1873). Atlas of Long Island, New York : from recent and actual surveys and records ... Albany, New York; 1894-1896; Chapter 4; Section 1; Page 122. *^ Room, Adrian (2006). Place Names of the World: Origins and ...
"De Bello Gallico" and Other Commentaries, Chapter 33". Project Gutenberg EBook. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 2008-07-17.. ... much training was required to overcome the horse's natural instinct to flee from noise, the smell of blood, and the confusion ... "Chapter 3, Section IV: Size". Endurance Rider's Handbook. AERC. Archived from the original on 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-08-07 ...
Information technology - Serial Attached SCSI - 2 (SAS-2), INCITS 457 Draft 2, May 8, 2009, chapter 4.1 Direct-access block ... Other performance considerations include quality-adjusted price, power consumption, audible noise, and both operating and non- ... Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Resource Guide 1995, Chapter 17 - Disk and File System Basics ... "The Disk Drive Story, Chapter 1: IBM's RAMAC," IBM, November 20,2001, p.16-17 ...
... with each chapter being shot over a short period of time and a winner was determined for each chapter. After 7 chapters the ... DSLR cameras often have image sensors of much larger size and often higher quality, offering lower noise,[44] which is useful ... This is not always the case, because newer cameras that have higher megapixels also have better noise reduction software, and ... noise' produced by the imaging sensor, and price reductions to lure new customers. ...
White noise machine. References[edit]. *^ Hirshkowitz, Max (2004). "Chapter 10, Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Sleep and Sleep ... Exploding head syndrome - Waking up in the night hearing loud noises.. *Sleep terror (or Pavor nocturnus)- Characterized by a ... Disorders (pp 315-340)" (Google Books preview includes entire chapter 10). In Stuart C. Yudofsky and Robert E. Hales, editors. ...
... and even in Brahms I can begin to hear the noise of machinery."[43] Ludwig Wittgenstein himself had absolute pitch,[44] and his ... and later updated and included as a chapter with the same title in his book Wittgenstein, published by Blackwell (and by the ...
Elovaara, Mika (2014). "Chapter 3: Am I Evil? The Meaning of Metal Lyrics to its Fans". In Abbey, James; Helb, Colin. Hardcore ... American noise band Today is the Day used synthesizers on their 1996 self titled album to powerfully add to their din. Voivod ... In the UK, the related style of grindcore, led by bands such as Napalm Death and Extreme Noise Terror, emerged from the anarcho ... Kelly, Kim (January 17, 2013). "Queens of noise: heavy metal encourages heavy-hitting women". The Telegraph.. ...
Point of View by Lowrie, p. 41, Practice in Christianity, Hong trans., 1991, Chapter VI, p. 233ff, Søren Kierkegaard 1847 ... And man, this clever fellow, seems to have become sleepless in order to invent ever new instruments to increase noise, to ... spread noise and insignificance with the greatest possible haste and on the greatest possible scale. Yes, everything is soon ...
White Noise By: Unlabelled A move back to England triggers a surge of bad memories for Carlisle, and the bonds of the Cullen ... Rated: Fiction T - English - Hurt/Comfort - [Carlisle, Esme] Edward - Chapters: 5 - Words: 15,290 - Reviews: 20 - Favs: 19 - ...
CHAPTER 5 Random Signals and Noise Chapter Outline 5.1 Introduction to Probability 5.2 Continuous and Discrete Random Variables ...
... in Don DeLillos White Noise. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of White Noise and what it means. ... Summary: Chapter 29. This chapter unfolds in a stream of consciousness, as Jack narrates seemingly unrelated moments from his ... Summary: Chapter 30. Jack continues to have trouble sleeping, so he wakes up Babette and demands to know Mr. Grays real name ... Previous section Chapters 26-28 Next page Chapters 29-32 page 2 ...
Read Chapters 1-3 of Lauren Shippens The Infinite Noise. Lauren Shippen Mon Jun 10, 2019 9:00am Post a comment 3 Favorites [+] ... Lauren Shippens The Infinite Noise is a stunning, original debut novel based on her wildly popular and award-winning podcast ... "Being Vulnerable Does Not Make You Weak": Lauren Shippen on Podcast-to-YA-Love-Story The Infinite Noise. ... Lyndsey Luther and Alice Arneson Oathbringer Reread: Chapters Ninety and Ninety-One 1 hour ago ...
This chapter continues an analysis of the degeneracy of the vertebrate mitochondrial genetic code in the matrix form of its ... Cite Chapter Cite Chapter MLA Sergey Petoukhov and Matthew He. "The Genetic Code, Hadamard Matrices, Noise Immunity, and ... This chapter continues an analysis of the degeneracy of the vertebrate mitochondrial genetic code in the matrix form of its ... "The Genetic Code, Hadamard Matrices, Noise Immunity, and Quantum Computers." In Symmetrical Analysis Techniques for Genetic ...
Chapter 2. The signal and the noise. Finding the pattern in human behavior. ... Chapter published in:. Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond. : Questions and insights. Edited by Irina A. Sekerina, ... 2012) The signal and the noise: Why so many predictions fail - but some dont. New York: Penguin. ...
De-Noising, Clustering, Classification, and Representation of Microarray Data for Disease Diagnostics: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4558- ... Cite Chapter Cite Chapter MLA Baharadwaj, Nitin, Sheena Wadhwa, Pragya Goel, Isha Sethi, Chanpreet Singh Arora, Aviral Goel, ... The noise free data thus obtained is more suitable for classification of the data as well as for mining useful information from ... "De-Noising, Clustering, Classification, and Representation of Microarray Data for Disease Diagnostics." Research Developments ...
... part 3 chapters 25 26 summary. Find a summary of this and each chapter of White Noise! ... Part 3, Chapter 25 Jack Gladney brings a Dylar tablet to Winnie Richards, a neurochemist at the college. She says she will test ... Part 3, Chapter 26 Jack confronts Babette again about the Dylar, and she finally acquiesces. She tells him she had begun to ... Yet the decade in which White Noise was written saw the advent of new prescription medications people could take to treat ...
Band analysis of noise; Graphic representation of noise spectrums; Noise registration.(*NOISE ... Title : Industrial Noise and Countermeasures. Chapter V. Noise Research Methods Measuring Devices (Metody Issledovaniya Shuma. ... Noise registration.. Descriptors : (*NOISE, MEASUREMENT), (*INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT, NOISE), MEASURING INSTRUMENTS, ... Abstract : Contents: Subjective methods and devices; Objective sound level meter; Frequency analyzer; Band analysis of noise; ...
About this chapter. Cite this chapter as: Sheppard C.J.R., Gan X., Gu M., Roy M. (1995) Signal-to-Noise in Confocal Microscopes ... Noise Model Shot Noise Point Object Sensor Noise Stray Light These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This ... Sheppard, C.J.R., 1991, Stray light and noise in confocal microscopy, Micron Microsc. Acta 22:239-243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Sheppard, C.J.R., Gu, M., and Roy, M., 1992, Signal-to-noise ratio in confocal microscope systems, J. Microsc. 168:209-218. ...
Noise Collection, Volume 1. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm. ... In 2003 Andy LaPlegua of Icon of Coil wrote a few power noise/techno cross over tracks under the name of D.R.I.V.E.. This ... In 2003 Andy LaPlegua of Icon of Coil wrote a few power noise/techno cross over tracks under the name of D.R.I.… read more ... In 2003 Andy LaPlegua of Icon of Coil wrote a few power noise/techno cr… read more ...
Read chapter 3 Noise and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in the Military: The Institute of Medicine carried out a study mandated by ... Noise and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in the Military. The focus of this chapter is on noise and noise-induced hearing loss in ... Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus (2006) Chapter: 3 Noise and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss ... Previous: 2 Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Page 72 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"3 Noise and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in the ...
Read chapter Executive Summary: The Institute of Medicine carried out a study mandated by Congress and sponsored by the ... Chapter 3: Noise and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in the Military. * The evidence is sufficient to conclude that hazardous noise ... HAZARDOUS NOISE LEVELS. The specific noise levels that cause noise-induced hearing loss vary with the duration of the exposure ... With regard to noise-induced tinnitus, specific parameters of hazardous noise exposure have not been defined, but noise levels ...
About this chapter. Cite this chapter as: Smoorenburg G.F. (1986) Speech Perception in Individuals with Noise-Induced Hearing ... The effect of noise-induced hearing loss on the intelligibility of speech in noise, Scand. Audiol. Suppl., 16:123 (1982).Google ... The effect of noise-induced hearing loss on the intelligibility of speech in noise, "Proceeding of the AGARD Specialists ... J.-C. Lafon, Measurement of hearing level in occupational noise-induced hearing loss, Audiology, 20:79 (1981).CrossRefGoogle ...
Chapter 3, Articles 6.1-6.4, California Integrated Waste Management Board. ... Noise Control.. Noise shall be controlled to prevent health hazards and to prevent nuisance to nearby residents. Measures to ... enclosures to reduce noise transmission. Compliance with specific provisions regarding noise control in a local land use ... Chapter 3. Minimum Standards for Solid Waste Handling and Disposal. *Article 6.1 ...
A Guide to the Noise Regulation (O. Reg. 381/15) under the Occupational Health and Safety Act ... The chapter discusses all the ... California Code of Regulations, Chapter 33) some audio noise may still occur. US 47 Code of ... Noise, or regulationosha technical manual (otm) section iii: chapter. OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) Section III: Chapter 6 lasers ... PUB-3000 Chapter 34 CONFINED SPACES Revised 02/15. Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems 2012 Virginia. Chapter 633 FIRE PREVENTION ...
The Second International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life will take place in Ireland August 15-20, 2010. The ... Table of contents (154 chapters). Table of contents (154 chapters) * Noise and Marine Life: Progress From Nyborg to Cork in ... Ship Traffic Noise Distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar: An Exemplary Case for Monitoring Global Ocean Noise Using Real-Time ... First Description of the Sound Pressure and Particle Velocity Components of the Ambient Noise and Boat Noise Recorded at the ...
Table of contents (6 chapters). Table of contents (6 chapters) * Introduction. Pages 1-16 ... Noise-Induced Phenomena in Slow-Fast Dynamical Systems. Book Subtitle. A Sample-Paths Approach. Authors. * Nils Berglund ... Noise-Induced Phenomena in Slow-Fast Dynamical Systems. A Sample-Paths Approach. Authors: Berglund, Nils, Gentz, Barbara ... The emphasis lies on noise-induced phenomena such as stochastic resonance, hysteresis, excitability, and the reduction of ...
Performance Analysis of DVB-T/H OFDM Hierarchical Modulation in Impulse Noise Environment , IntechOpen, Published on: 2010-02- ... Chapter 8 Performance Analysis of DVB-T/H OFDM Hierarchical Modulation in Impulse Noise Environment. By Tamgnoue Valéry, ... Previous Chapter RECOMMEND TO YOUR LIBRARIAN Download as PDF Next Chapter » Open for submissions ...
18 Noise (sound) is measured in decibels (dB) on a logarithmic scale. Each increase of 10 dB represents a doubling of the noise ... Air and Water Quality, Noise, and Habitat Impacts. Beyond the greenhouse gases addressed earlier in the chapter, vehicle ... However, a national noise exposure inventory does not exist. The United Kingdom has developed a noise inventory for 23 large ... At freeway speeds tire-pavement noise dominates for highway vehicles, while exhaust and aerodynamic noise dominate for aircraft ...
Chapter 63. In: Stellman, JM, ed. Encyclopedia of occupational health and safety. 4th ed. Vol. 2. Geneva: International Labor ... Finally, workers were exposed to risks of hearing loss from sustained noise levels over exposure limits. Measurement of noise ... Control of Hazardous Material and Noise Exposure in Electronics Recycling Operations.. Problem:. Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and ...
A huge clanging noise reverberated throughout the compound. The Gamorrean guard responsible for this section of the human dome ... Written in January 1995 · Opening chapters · 11,000 words. Chapter 1. An even longer time ago,. in a galaxy far, far away .... ... A note from Rob (2003) [this note appears at the beginning of both the sample chapters and the outline]: In 1994, Ace Books ... SFWRITER.COM , Novels , Alien Exodus Sample Chapters George Lucass Monsters and Aliens, Volume 1:. Alien Exodus. Opening ...
Chapter 1 Air Pollution, Noise, Vibrations and Radiation. Section 1 Emissions. Art. 11 Principles. 1 Air pollution, noise, ... Chapter 2 General Provisions. Art. 7 Definitions. 1 Effects are air pollution, noise, vibrations, radiation, water pollution or ... 15 Ambient limit values25 for noise and vibrations. Ambient limit values for noise and vibrations must be set so that, in the ... Chapter 3 Procedures. Section 1 Appeals13 Art. 541…2. Appeal proceedings are governed by the general provisions on the ...
Chapter 6 Performance Testing The previous chapter enabled us to bring a piece of audio equipment to a state where it could be ... In this chapter, we will … - Selection from Building Valve Amplifiers, 2nd Edition [Book] ... Audio measurements; dBu; RIAA; Zobel; frequency response; distortion; noise; hum; dummy load; PPM ... Chapter 6. Performance Testing. The previous chapter enabled us to bring a piece of audio equipment to a state where it could ...
Noise Control (Napa County Code Chapter 8.16). Upon the receipt of two complaints within the unincorporated County, the noise ... Underground Storage Tank (California Health and Safety Code Chapter 6.7 and Napa County Code Chapter 16.20). All underground ... further action will be taken to adequately define the noise. For additional information, see Noise Control. ... Napa County Area Plan (California Health & Safety Code Chapter 6.95, Section 25503). The Area Plan program was established in ...
... the Task Optimization in the Presence of Signal-dependent noise (TOPS) model. By using this model, we need not specify the ... About this chapter. Cite this chapter as: Miyamoto H., Wolpert D.M., Kawato M. (2003) Computing the Optimal Trajectory of Arm ... Harris CM, Wolpert DM (1998) Signal-dependent noise determines motor planning. Nature 394 (20): 780-784CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... A new framework is proposed for motor control: the Task Optimization in the Presence of Signal-dependent noise (TOPS) model. By ...
Chapter 4. Understanding Noise in Seismic Record. Abstract. Types of Noise on Seismic Record ... Chapter 5. Understanding the Detail Seismic Processing Techniques Used to Convert the Acquired Seismic Data into the Geologic ...
20) "Noise" means the standard deviation of the fluctuations in CTN expressed as a percentage of the attenuation coefficient of ... The requirements of this chapter are adopted pursuant to the provisions of chapter 70.98 RCW. ... or cone-beam CT X-ray systems are exempt from the requirements of this chapter and shall comply with chapter 246-225 WAC. Cone- ... This chapter establishes CT X-ray system requirements for the intentional exposure of humans to ionizing radiation for ...
NOISE; Part 4: DISINFECTION; CONTENTS; CHAPTER 1. CHEMICAL DISINFECTANTS; DISINFECTION; DISINFECTANTS; PHENOLS, ALCOHOLS AND ... CHAPTER 3. THE PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF STERILE PRODUCTS; STABILISATION OF INJECTIONS; ISOTONIC SOLUTIONS; USE OF MILLI- ... CHAPTER 5. STERILISATION OF DRESSINGS AND SYRINGES; SURGICAL DRESSINGS; SYRINGES. APPENDIX. ORGANISATION OF A STERILE MATERIALS ... CHAPTER 2. STERILISATION METHODS; DRY HEAT STERILISATION; MOIST HEAT STERILISATION; STERILISATION BY FILTRATION; STERILISATION ...
The noise died away. Arthur looked up to see the man at the top of the stairs gazing down at him with a look of utter ... Chapter Twenty-five. `Just there, number forty-two, shouted Ford Prefect to the taxi-driver. `Right here! The taxi lurched to ... Through the new strangeness of noise and light he could just make out the shape of Ford Prefect sitting back and laughing ...
  • The Deepwater Horizon oil spill This coalition gained significant influence in the clean up of the oil spill to try and gain some control USCG said 33 million Chapter 33 WELDING, JOINING, AND THERMAL CUTTING SAFETY and OSHA welding regulations. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • CHAPTER 33 Infection Control OSHA Compliance Bloodborne Pathogen Training for School Staff December 1991- Occupational Safety & Health Administration Choose from 60 different sets of hazmat test fighter flashcards on Quizlet. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local Unions #68 (IBEW), The National Electrical Contractors Association, Rocky Mountain Chapter (NECA), and Denver Joint Electrical Apprenticeship & Training Committee (DJEATC) recognizes the value of establishing a collaborative relationship to foster safer and more healthful American workplaces. (osha.gov)
  • In Malaysia, noise exposure in work place is legislated under the Factories and Machinery Act (Noise Exposure) Regulation 1989, and Occupational and Safety Health Act (OSHA) 1994. (ukessays.com)
  • 1 Regulations on the environmental effects of air pollution, noise, vibrations and radiation that are based on other federal legislation must comply with the principles of limitation of emissions (Art. (admin.ch)
  • 1 Effects are air pollution, noise, vibrations, radiation, water pollution or other interference in water, soil pollution, modifications of the genetic material of organisms or modifications of biological diversity caused by the construction and operation of installations, by the handling of substances, organisms or waste, or by the cultivation of the soil. (admin.ch)
  • 2 Air pollution, noise, vibrations and radiation are referred to as emissions when discharged from installations, and as ambient pollution levels 2 at their point of impact. (admin.ch)
  • Traffic is the main source of noise pollution in cities (like Sao Paulo shown here) and other places. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise pollution , also known as environmental noise or sound pollution , is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [2] Poor urban planning may give rise to noise disintegration or pollution , side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise pollution associated with household electricity generators is an emerging environmental degradation in many developing nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Research suggests that noise pollution is the highest in low-income and racial minority neighborhoods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise pollution affects both health and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise pollution can have negative affects on adults and children on the autistic spectrum . (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise pollution is any unwanted, disturbing, or harmful sound that impairs or interferes with hearing, causes stress, hampers concentration and work efficiency, or causes accident. (ukessays.com)
  • Agricultures workers are one of the highest contributors in the rate of noise pollution among all occupation. (ukessays.com)
  • Any person who is exposed to an excessive noise pollution in long period may suffer hearing loss. (ukessays.com)
  • Prior research has reported disparities in environmental exposures in the United States, but, to our knowledge, no nationwide studies have assessed inequality in noise pollution. (nih.gov)
  • Each military service was responsible for collecting and maintaining information about hazardous noise environments and noise exposures. (nap.edu)
  • By 1987, the requirements included provisions for measuring noise exposures for workers exposed to noise levels of 85 dBA or more (DoD, 1987). (nap.edu)
  • A series of publications from our laboratory have demonstrated that CO elevates sensitivity to permanent NIHL such that noise exposures that normally produce no permanent auditory threshold shift yield profound loss if CO is present along with the noise [5-11]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Block groups with the highest metropolitan area segregation had the highest estimated noise exposures, regardless of racial composition. (nih.gov)
  • No matter how loud the noise, sounds of low pitch are much less annoying than sounds of high pitch. (studentpilot.com)
  • Reciprocating engines tend to produce loud noises mostly in the lower pitches, and so are more tolerable than jet engines, which produce sounds of high, medium, and low pitches simultaneously. (studentpilot.com)
  • The Town Board of the Town of Greece hereby declares its intent to prevent unreasonably loud and disturbing noise and sounds determined by the Board to be of a character, intensity or duration as to be detrimental to the peace, quiet, comfort, repose, welfare or good order of the people of the Town of Greece (Town Law § 130, Subdivision 11). (ecode360.com)
  • It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Town of Babylon to prevent excessive, unnecessary, unreasonable or unusually loud noise. (ecode360.com)
  • The definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms in this section, WAC 246-220-010 and 246-225-010 , apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. (wa.gov)
  • Definitions applicable to all sections of this chapter. (wa.gov)
  • Results were generally consistent between urban and suburban/rural census block groups, and for daytime and nighttime noise and robust to different spatial weight and neighbor definitions. (nih.gov)
  • Measurement of noise levels at the facility examined in the report indicated several measurements exceeding the Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) and Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 85 dBA. (cdc.gov)
  • White Noise Study Guide. (coursehero.com)
  • Yet the decade in which White Noise was written saw the advent of new prescription medications people could take to treat depression and anxiety by altering their brain chemistry. (coursehero.com)
  • Have study documents to share about White Noise ? (coursehero.com)
  • I shimmy shoulders, show my displeasure when I tire of rasp in a haggler's voice, cast a web of white noise through my spine. (jhu.edu)
  • This section briefly reviews DoD-level requirements concerning measurement of noise levels and noise exposure. (nap.edu)
  • Also included were separate specifications for the measurement of impulse noise and performance criteria for the measurement devices to be used. (nap.edu)
  • Sheppard C.J.R., Gan X., Gu M., Roy M. (1995) Signal-to-Noise in Confocal Microscopes. (springer.com)
  • Chapter V. Noise Research Methods Measuring Devices (Metody Issledovaniya Shuma. (dtic.mil)
  • Firstly, the obtained results illustrate the effectiveness of the CEEMDAN in reducing noise that interferes with ECG signals compared to other denoising methods. (intechopen.com)
  • To tackle this problem, the first part of the current work proposes a comparison study of the following denoising methods, empirical mode decomposition (EMD), ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD), and complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN), to define which one gives the best results in the case of the normal and abnormal ECG signals. (intechopen.com)
  • 6. The Dynamic Signal-to-Noise Methods and Metrics. (informit.com)
  • exposing the occupants to intense noise from the engine. (studentpilot.com)
  • Effects of intense noise on people and hearing loss. (cdc.gov)
  • This possibility has not been directly tested, although it is well-known that intense noise exposure can enhance production of ROS and generate oxidative stress. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The generic, statistical physical derivation of this noise is called the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, where generalized impedance or generalized susceptibility is used to characterize the medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The degree of risk is affected by the intensity (loudness) and the frequency (pitch) of the noise, as well as the duration and pattern of exposure and the individual susceptibility to hearing impairment (CCOH, 2009). (ukessays.com)
  • Simultaneous and even successive exposure to certain of these agents along with noise can greatly increase susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) both for humans and laboratory animals [3-4]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The annoyance, fatigue, interference with speech, and hearing losses caused by noise depend a good deal upon its frequency, or "pitch" (measured in cycles per second) and upon its "loudness" or intensity (measured in decibels). (studentpilot.com)
  • Fortunately, cockpits are usually located in areas where noise intensity is tolerable during cruise (85 to 95 decibels). (studentpilot.com)
  • [15] Noise-induced hearing loss can be caused by prolonged exposure to noise levels above 85 A-weighted decibels . (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical ear discomfort to noise exposure starts from sound pressure level of 80-100 decibels (dB). (ukessays.com)
  • Noise is often recorded as decibels dB (A) to approximate how the human ears respond to noise. (ukessays.com)
  • Excessive noise" also includes incessant or repeated sounds that have the effect of disturbing the welfare, comfort, peace and quiet of the community, or any sound in excess of 85 decibels. (ecode360.com)
  • For example, estimated nighttime noise levels in urban block groups with 75% vs. 0% black residents were 46.3 A-weighted decibels (dBA) [interquartile range (IQR): 44.3-47.8 dBA] and 42.3 dBA (IQR: 40.4-45.5 dBA), respectively. (nih.gov)
  • Concern about noise exposure and hearing loss among military personnel has been evident throughout this period (e.g. (nap.edu)
  • Concerns about the noise hazards associated with military service and questions about the relationship between noise exposure and hearing loss or tinnitus led Congress to direct VA to contract with the National Academies for a study of these issues. (nap.edu)
  • It is the intent of the Greece Town Board that this chapter will be liberally constructed so as to effectuate the purpose described in this chapter. (ecode360.com)
  • This chapter will provide an introduction to the functioning of the peripheral auditory system, protective mechanisms of the ear, noise damage and how it is assessed, and some discussion of how noise regulations are determined. (cdc.gov)
  • This chapter shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes described in this chapter. (ecode360.com)
  • for the protection of life and property from loss … department of the navy commander chapter 7 hazardous material control and management (hmc&m) chapter 33 diving safety. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • Control of Hazardous Material and Noise Exposure in Electronics Recycling Operations. (cdc.gov)
  • Nothing herein shall abridge the powers and responsibilities of any police department or law enforcement agency to enforce the provisions of this chapter. (ecode360.com)
  • Chapter 34 CONFINED SPACES standard вЂ" Code of Federal Regulations Permit-Required Confined Spaces and the additional requirements in this chapter. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • Regulations Chapter 9: Overview of Federal Laws and Regulations Chapter 33: Indoor Air Quality loss control, risk assessment, best. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • U. S. Department of Labor 29 Code of Federal Regulations Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Title 15 of the Rules of the City of New York, Chapter 28 Some passive earmuffs have an electronic component and microphones that allow the user to control loss due to engine noise. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • Archives and Records Administration Basic Laws and Authorities of the National Code of Federal Regulations (Title 44, Chapter Chapter 33) Definition, Chapter 33 WELDING, JOINING, AND THERMAL CUTTING SAFETY dizziness, visual disturbances, personality changes, loss of ES&H Manual, Work Planning and Control. (jonathandwinston.com)
  • The rules in this chapter are designed to protect the health of employees and help to create a healthy workplace by establishing requirements to control health hazards. (wa.gov)
  • Noise-exposure limits are discussed in Chapter 5 . (nap.edu)
  • Finally, workers were exposed to risks of hearing loss from sustained noise levels over exposure limits. (cdc.gov)
  • Some may develop hearing loss, especially for high-frequency sounds, or tinnitus ("ringing in the ears"), or both, as a result of their noise exposure. (nap.edu)
  • Furthermore, high-frequency hearing losses are seen not only with noise exposure, but also at older ages (presbycusis), although the specific patterns of loss are generally distinguishable until 60-70 years of age (see Chapter 2 ). (nap.edu)
  • Lower fidelity recordings can be made at 3.75 or even 1.875 ips, which allows more recording time on a given tape, but at the cost of adding more high-frequency noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • That means a signal that is primarily low-frequency does not necessarily require noise reduction, instead, one can simply clip off all the higher frequencies in a low-pass filter and the hiss will largely disappear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal noise in an ideal resistor is approximately white, meaning that the power spectral density is nearly constant throughout the frequency spectrum (however see the section below on extremely high frequencies). (wikipedia.org)
  • The extent of cochlear impairment is related to CO dose [9], but the loss of outer hair cells (OHCs) tends to occur preferentially in the base (highfrequency region) of the cochlea, even when noise energy is maximal within a relatively low (4.0-8.0 kHz) frequency band [7]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Defining the Signal-to-Noise Ratio from the Mean Square Derivation. (informit.com)
  • Other factors which shall be taken into consideration are: dust control, noise control, public safety, and other pertinent matters related to the protection of public health at the operation or facility. (ca.gov)
  • [9] Noise poses a serious threat to a child's physical and psychological health, and may negatively interfere with a child's learning and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 1970s, the Department of Defense (DoD) established, as part of an overall hearing conservation program, a department-wide requirement for periodic surveys of noise-hazardous environments and, subsequently, requirements for noise dosimetry. (nap.edu)
  • In 1978, DoD established a requirement that each of the military services conduct sound surveys to identify and periodically monitor noise-hazardous environments (DoD, 1978). (nap.edu)
  • Most industrial environments have noise as a component. (cdc.gov)
  • The main concern about noise is its long-term effect on hearing. (studentpilot.com)
  • Two aspects of tractor noise cause concern: the environmental noise heard by bystanders, either fellow road users or local residents, and the potentially harmful noise to which the operator is subjected. (ukessays.com)
  • The increased spread of hearing loss from high frequencies through low frequencies with age and noise exposure is common for this population. (ukessays.com)
  • [16] A comparison of Maaban tribesmen, who were insignificantly exposed to transportation or industrial noise, to a typical U.S. population showed that chronic exposure to moderately high levels of environmental noise contributes to hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental noise was the subject of a formal OECD test. (ukessays.com)
  • Noise screens for engines were successfully developed, but the dominant environmental noise arises from exhausts, where a balance must be found between silencer effectiveness and power loss. (ukessays.com)
  • The much louder noise of a jet engine may cause very rapid hearing fatigue. (studentpilot.com)
  • However, when the signal is compressed before recording, those soft sounds are recorded at a louder volume, so now even the soft sounds are louder than the noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise is a universal problem that damages hearing and impacts quality of life. (cdc.gov)
  • B. This chapter contains standards, guidelines, criteria and requirements intended to identify, analyze, avoid and mitigate probable impacts to the city of Richland's critical areas and to enhance and restore them when possible. (codepublishing.com)
  • In appropriate circumstances, impacts to critical areas that result from regulated activities may be minimized, rectified, reduced and/or compensated for, consistent with the requirements of this chapter. (codepublishing.com)
  • In: Salvi R.J., Henderson D., Hamernik R.P., Colletti V. (eds) Basic and Applied Aspects of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. (springer.com)
  • This chapter reviews the patterns and trends in transportation energy use, other aspects of energy associated with our Nation's transportation system, and transportation's impact on the environment. (bts.gov)
  • aspects of the physical environment such as noise levels and nutritional food. (educationcounts.govt.nz)
  • No person shall make, continue or cause to be made or continued any excessive noise. (ecode360.com)
  • Motor vehicles, excessive noise. (ecode360.com)
  • The excessive noise is audible at or beyond the property line when a vehicle is parked or operated on private property. (ecode360.com)
  • The emphasis lies on noise-induced phenomena such as stochastic resonance, hysteresis, excitability, and the reduction of bifurcation delay. (springer.com)
  • Orszag M. (2000) Quantum Noise Reduction II. (springer.com)
  • dbx is a family of noise reduction systems developed by the company of the same name. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the same period, noise reduction systems like dbx and Dolby attempted to do the same using conventional media and actively addressing the tape noise through electronics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason this technique works for noise reduction is that the tape hiss manifests itself as a constant low-volume signal. (wikipedia.org)
  • and noise reduction ratings. (issuu.com)
  • This chapter applies to the tools and equipment shown in Table 1 of this chapter. (wa.gov)
  • The chapter concludes with summary points on: structural indicators of quality, factors that are recognised as barriers to positive outcomes for under-two-year-olds in early childhood provision, and what is known about the effects of ECE on under-two-year-olds. (educationcounts.govt.nz)
  • Industrial Noise and Countermeasures. (dtic.mil)
  • High-pitched sounds constitute the greatest hazard of aircraft noise, because they are most likely to produce both temporary and permanent damage to the fine, hair-like cells of the inner ear structures. (studentpilot.com)
  • K. D. Kryter, A critique of some procedures for evaluating damage risk from exposure to noise, "Proceedings of the International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem," Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1973). (springer.com)
  • Unwanted sound (noise) can damage physiological health. (wikipedia.org)
  • A continuous noise level of 85 dB can result in hearing damage as well as create other various negative effects on health (League for the Hard of hearing, 2002). (ukessays.com)
  • However, as a pilot, you are unavoidably exposed to steady noise for long periods of time and for many years of your life-noise often sufficient to diminish the acuity of your hearing. (studentpilot.com)
  • You may be able to hear conversation quite well and not even be aware of any hearing loss due to noise, unless you are specifically tested. (studentpilot.com)
  • T he focus of this chapter is on noise and noise-induced hearing loss in theU.S. military. (nap.edu)
  • The committee was asked to identify sources of potentially damaging noise in the military setting and to review and assess available evidence on hearing loss incurred by members of the armed services as a result of noise exposure during military service since World War II. (nap.edu)
  • The remainder of the chapter focuses on the committee's assessment of data on hearing thresholds and hearing loss among military service members since World War II. (nap.edu)
  • The current requirements, contained in DoD Instruction 6055.12, DoD Hearing Conservation Program, specify that sound pressure levels (SPLs) are to be measured in all potentially hazardous noise work areas at least once and within 30 days of any change in operations affecting noise levels (DoD, 2004). (nap.edu)
  • Hearing loss or tinnitus incurred or aggravated during military service may qualify veterans for services and financial compensation from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Since World War II, the human and financial costs associated with hearing loss among military veterans have repeatedly drawn attention to noise, hearing loss, and the need for hearing conservation in military settings. (nap.edu)
  • Tinnitus may also develop in response to factors other than noise exposure (e.g., head injury, brain tumors, middle ear diseases, certain medications) and can occur with or without hearing loss. (nap.edu)
  • In this paper, however, we shall address ourselves to the main issue of current interest, the handicap due to noise-induced hearing loss. (springer.com)
  • G. F. Smoorenburg, J. A. P. M. de Laat and R. Plomp, The effect of noise-induced hearing loss on the intelligibility of speech in noise, "Proceeding of the AGARD Specialists' Meeting on Aural Communication in Aviation, AGARD CP-311," National Information Services (NTIS), Springfield, VA (1981). (springer.com)
  • G. F. Smoorenburg, J. A. P. M. de Laat and R. Plomp, The effect of noise-induced hearing loss on the intelligibility of speech in noise, Scand. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the effects of noise on people and their hearing. (cdc.gov)
  • [6] [7] In animals, noise can increase the risk of death by altering predator or prey detection and avoidance, interfere with reproduction and navigation, and contribute to permanent hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noise exposure in the workplace can also contribute to noise-induced hearing loss and other health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing loss of farmers is very characteristic of a sensor neural, bilateral sloping configuration resulting from both noise and aging. (ukessays.com)
  • Noise induced hearing loss occurs gradually and without pain. (ukessays.com)
  • Lipoic acid and 6-formylpterin reduce potentiation of noise-induced hearing loss by carbon monoxide: preliminary investigation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • One potential risk factor for the occurrence of significant hearing loss even under conditions of relatively low noise exposure is the presence of specific chemical contaminants. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Noise exposure (i.e., dose) is to be measured as time-weighted average (TWA) noise levels for military personnel working in industrial-type operations with hazardous noise levels. (nap.edu)
  • This chapter applies if you have machines or machine operations in your workplace. (wa.gov)
  • [3] Noise is measured in Decibel (dB). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tolerance for noise is frequently independent of decibel levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In jet aircraft, airflow noise is considerable although it diminishes with altitude. (studentpilot.com)
  • ECG signals are most of the time contaminated by different noise sources, like power-line interference, baseline wander, muscle noise and motion artifact, and other noises, which in different cases make the identification of standard ECG features very difficult and lead to a misjudgment of patient diagnostic [ 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Assesses the progress in the three years since the First International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. (springer.com)
  • The Second International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life will take place in Ireland August 15-20, 2010. (springer.com)
  • This improves the signal-to-noise ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the ratio of the signal to noise remains (close to) constant through this process, so the resulting output retains this higher signal-to-noise ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • I believe this book will help a great deal to clarify misconceptions about Dr. Genichi Taguchi's approach to robust design, such as why dynamic signal-to-noise ratio is used and the role of orthogonal arrays in parameter design and tolerance design. (informit.com)
  • The Smaller-the-Better Type Signal-to-Noise Ratio. (informit.com)
  • A Signal-to-Noise Ratio for Probability. (informit.com)
  • The requirements of this chapter are adopted pursuant to the provisions of chapter 70.98 RCW. (wa.gov)
  • Thermal noise is present in all electrical circuits, and in sensitive electronic equipment such as radio receivers can drown out weak signals, and can be the limiting factor on sensitivity of an electrical measuring instrument. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sensitive electronic equipment such as radio telescope receivers are cooled to cryogenic temperatures to reduce thermal noise in their circuits. (wikipedia.org)