A variety of neuromuscular conditions resulting from MUTATIONS in ION CHANNELS manifesting as episodes of EPILEPSY; HEADACHE DISORDERS; and DYSKINESIAS.
A heterogenous group of inherited disorders characterized by recurring attacks of rapidly progressive flaccid paralysis or myotonia. These conditions have in common a mutation of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the sodium channel in skeletal muscle. They are frequently associated with fluctuations in serum potassium levels. Periodic paralysis may also occur as a non-familial process secondary to THYROTOXICOSIS and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1481)
An autosomal dominant familial disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of skeletal muscle weakness associated with falls in serum potassium levels. The condition usually presents in the first or second decade of life with attacks of trunk and leg paresis during sleep or shortly after awakening. Symptoms may persist for hours to days and generally are precipitated by exercise or a meal high in carbohydrates. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1483)
Diseases characterized by MYOTONIA, which may be inherited or acquired. Myotonia may be restricted to certain muscles (e.g., intrinsic hand muscles) or occur as a generalized condition.
Prolonged failure of muscle relaxation after contraction. This may occur after voluntary contractions, muscle percussion, or electrical stimulation of the muscle. Myotonia is a characteristic feature of MYOTONIC DISORDERS.
An autosomal dominant familial disorder which presents in infancy or childhood and is characterized by episodes of weakness associated with hyperkalemia. During attacks, muscles of the lower extremities are initially affected, followed by the lower trunk and arms. Episodes last from 15-60 minutes and typically occur after a period of rest following exercise. A defect in skeletal muscle sodium channels has been identified as the cause of this condition. Normokalemic periodic paralysis is a closely related disorder marked by a lack of alterations in potassium levels during attacks of weakness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1481)
A rare neuromuscular disorder with onset usually in late childhood or early adulthood, characterized by intermittent or continuous widespread involuntary muscle contractions; FASCICULATION; hyporeflexia; MUSCLE CRAMP; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; HYPERHIDROSIS; TACHYCARDIA; and MYOKYMIA. Involvement of pharyngeal or laryngeal muscles may interfere with speech and breathing. The continuous motor activity persists during sleep and general anesthesia (distinguishing this condition from STIFF-PERSON SYNDROME). Familial and acquired (primarily autoimmune) forms have been reported. (From Ann NY Acad Sci 1998 May 13;841:482-496; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1491)
Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.
A condition that is characterized by episodes of fainting (SYNCOPE) and varying degree of ventricular arrhythmia as indicated by the prolonged QT interval. The inherited forms are caused by mutation of genes encoding cardiac ion channel proteins. The two major forms are ROMANO-WARD SYNDROME and JERVELL-LANGE NIELSEN SYNDROME.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that mediates the sodium ion PERMEABILITY of CARDIOMYOCYTES. Defects in the SCN5A gene, which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel, are associated with a variety of CARDIAC DISEASES that result from loss of sodium channel function.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that mediates the sodium ion PERMEABILITY of SKELETAL MYOCYTES. Defects in the SCN4A gene, which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel, are associated with several MYOTONIC DISORDERS.
Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.
An autosomal dominant defect of cardiac conduction that is characterized by an abnormal ST-segment in leads V1-V3 on the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM resembling a right BUNDLE-BRANCH BLOCK; high risk of VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA; or VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION; SYNCOPAL EPISODE; and possible sudden death. This syndrome is linked to mutations of gene encoding the cardiac SODIUM CHANNEL alpha subunit.
An inherited congenital myopathic condition characterized by weakness and hypotonia in infancy and delayed motor development. Muscle biopsy reveals a condensation of myofibrils and myofibrillar material in the central portion of each muscle fiber. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1452)
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Potassium channels where the flow of K+ ions into the cell is greater than the outward flow.
The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.
Potassium channel whose permeability to ions is extremely sensitive to the transmembrane potential difference. The opening of these channels is induced by the membrane depolarization of the ACTION POTENTIAL.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.
Organic matter in a state of advanced decay, after passing through the stages of COMPOST and PEAT and before becoming lignite (COAL). It is composed of a heterogenous mixture of compounds including phenolic radicals and acids that polymerize and are not easily separated nor analyzed. (E.A. Ghabbour & G. Davies, eds. Humic Substances, 2001).
Cells from adult organisms that have been reprogrammed into a pluripotential state similar to that of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.
A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
Cells that can give rise to cells of the three different GERM LAYERS.
Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).
Cell membrane glycoproteins that form channels to selectively pass chloride ions. Nonselective blockers include FENAMATES; ETHACRYNIC ACID; and TAMOXIFEN.
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
The light chain subunits of clathrin.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
A subclass of ion channels that open or close in response to the binding of specific LIGANDS.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A family of proton-gated sodium channels that are primarily expressed in neuronal tissue. They are AMILORIDE-sensitive and are implicated in the signaling of a variety of neurological stimuli, most notably that of pain in response to acidic conditions.
ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A family of membrane proteins that selectively conduct SODIUM ions due to changes in the TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE. They typically have a multimeric structure with a core alpha subunit that defines the sodium channel subtype and several beta subunits that modulate sodium channel activity.
A class of drugs that act by inhibition of sodium influx through cell membranes. Blockade of sodium channels slows the rate and amplitude of initial rapid depolarization, reduces cell excitability, and reduces conduction velocity.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype found widely expressed in neurons of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Defects in the SCN8A gene which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel are associated with ATAXIA and cognitive deficits.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that mediates the sodium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Defects in the SCN2A gene which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel are associated with benign familial infantile seizures type 3, and early infantile epileptic encephalopathy type 11.
Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.
General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.

Molecular basis of inherited calcium channelopathies: role of mutations in pore-forming subunits. (1/102)

The pore-forming alpha subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels contain the essential biophysical machinery that underlies calcium influx in response to cell depolarization. In combination with requisite auxiliary subunits, these pore subunits form calcium channel complexes that are pivotal to the physiology and pharmacology of diverse cells ranging from sperm to neurons. Not surprisingly, mutations in the pore subunits generate diverse pathologies, termed channelopathies, that range from failures in excitation-contraction coupling to night blindness. Over the last decade, major insights into the mechanisms of pathogenesis have been derived from animals showing spontaneous or induced mutations. In parallel, there has been considerable growth in our understanding of the workings of voltage-gated ion channels from a structure-function, regulation and cell biology perspective. Here we document our current understanding of the mutations underlying channelopathies involving the voltage-gated calcium channel alpha subunits in humans and other species.  (+info)

Voltage-gated calcium channels in genetic diseases. (2/102)

Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) mediate calcium entry into excitable cells in response to membrane depolarization. During the past decade, our understanding of the gating and functions of VGCCs has been illuminated by the analysis of mutations linked to a heterogeneous group of genetic diseases called "calcium channelopathies". Calcium channelopathies include muscular, neurological, cardiac and vision syndromes. Recent data suggest that calcium channelopathies result not only from electrophysiological defects but also from altered alpha(1)/Ca(V) subunit protein processing, including folding, posttranslational modifications, quality control and trafficking abnormalities. Overall, functional analyses of VGCC mutations provide a more comprehensive view of the corresponding human disorders and offer important new insights into VGCC function. Ultimately, the understanding of these pathogenic channel mutations should lead to improved treatments of such hereditary diseases in humans.  (+info)

Emerging perspectives in store-operated Ca2+ entry: roles of Orai, Stim and TRP. (3/102)

Depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores induces Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane through store-operated channels (SOCs). This store-operated Ca2+ influx is important for the replenishment of the Ca2+ stores, and is also involved in many signaling processes by virtue of the ability of intracellular Ca2+ to act as a second messenger. For many years, the molecular identities of particular SOCs, as well as the signaling mechanisms by which these channels are activated, have been elusive. Recently, however, the mammalian proteins STIM1 and Orai1 were shown to be necessary for the activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry in a variety of mammalian cells. Here we present molecular, pharmacological, and electrophysiological properties of SOCs, with particular focus on the roles that STIM1 and Orai1 may play in the signaling processes that regulate various pathways of store-operated entry.  (+info)

Chloride channelopathy in myotonic dystrophy resulting from loss of posttranscriptional regulation for CLCN1. (4/102)

Transmembrane chloride ion conductance in skeletal muscle increases during early postnatal development. A transgenic mouse model of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) displays decreased sarcolemmal chloride conductance. Both effects result from modulation of chloride channel 1 (CLCN1) expression, but the respective contributions of transcriptional vs. posttranscriptional regulation are unknown. Here we show that alternative splicing of CLCN1 undergoes a physiological splicing transition during the first 3 wk of postnatal life in mice. During this interval, there is a switch to production of CLCN1 splice products having an intact reading frame, an upregulation of CLCN1 mRNA encoding full-length channel protein, and an increase of CLCN1 function, as determined by patch-clamp analysis of single muscle fibers. In a transgenic mouse model of DM1, however, the splicing transition does not occur, CLCN1 channel function remains low throughout the postnatal interval, and muscle fibers display myotonic discharges. Thus alternative splicing is a posttranscriptional mechanism regulating chloride conductance during muscle development, and the chloride channelopathy in a transgenic mouse model of DM1 results from a failure to execute a splicing transition for CLCN1.  (+info)

TRPpathies. (5/102)

Many human diseases are caused by mutations in ion channels. Dissecting the pathogenesis of these 'channelopathies' has yielded important insights into the regulation of vital biological processes by ions and has become a productive tool of modern ion channel biology. One of the best examples of a synergism between the clinical and basic science aspects of a modern biological topic is cystic fibrosis. Not only did the identification of the ion channel mutated in cystic fibrosis pinpoint the root cause of this disease, but it also has significantly advanced our understanding of basic biological processes as diverse as protein folding and epithelial fluid and electrolyte secretion. The list of confirmed 'channelopathies' is growing and several members of the TRP family of ion channels have been implicated in human diseases such as mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV), autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSG), hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcaemia (HSH), and several forms of cancer. Analysing pathogenesis of the diseases linked to TRP dysregulation provides an exciting means of identifying novel functions of TRP channels.  (+info)

Transient receptor potential cation channels in disease. (6/102)

The transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily consists of a large number of cation channels that are mostly permeable to both monovalent and divalent cations. The 28 mammalian TRP channels can be subdivided into six main subfamilies: the TRPC (canonical), TRPV (vanilloid), TRPM (melastatin), TRPP (polycystin), TRPML (mucolipin), and the TRPA (ankyrin) groups. TRP channels are expressed in almost every tissue and cell type and play an important role in the regulation of various cell functions. Currently, significant scientific effort is being devoted to understanding the physiology of TRP channels and their relationship to human diseases. At this point, only a few channelopathies in which defects in TRP genes are the direct cause of cellular dysfunction have been identified. In addition, mapping of TRP genes to susceptible chromosome regions (e.g., translocations, breakpoint intervals, increased frequency of polymorphisms) has been considered suggestive of the involvement of these channels in hereditary diseases. Moreover, strong indications of the involvement of TRP channels in several diseases come from correlations between levels of channel expression and disease symptoms. Finally, TRP channels are involved in some systemic diseases due to their role as targets for irritants, inflammation products, and xenobiotic toxins. The analysis of transgenic models allows further extrapolations of TRP channel deficiency to human physiology and disease. In this review, we provide an overview of the impact of TRP channels on the pathogenesis of several diseases and identify several TRPs for which a causal pathogenic role might be anticipated.  (+info)

KATP channel mutation confers risk for vein of Marshall adrenergic atrial fibrillation. (7/102)

BACKGROUND: A 53-year-old female presented with a 10-year history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), precipitated by activity and refractory to medical therapy. In the absence of traditional risk factors for disease, a genetic defect in electrical homeostasis underlying stress-induced AF was explored. INVESTIGATIONS: Echocardiography, cardiac perfusion stress imaging, invasive electrophysiology with isoproterenol provocation, genomic DNA sequencing of K(ATP) channel genes, exclusion of mutation in 2,000 individuals free of AF, reconstitution of channel defect with molecular phenotyping, and verification of pathogenic link in targeted knockout. DIAGNOSIS: K(ATP) channelopathy caused by missense mutation (Thr1547Ile) of the ABCC9 gene conferring predisposition to adrenergic AF originating from the vein of Marshall. MANAGEMENT: Disruption of arrhythmogenic gene-environment substrate at the vein of Marshall by radiofrequency ablation.  (+info)

TRP channels in disease. (8/102)

"Transient receptor potential" cation channels (TRP channels) play a unique role as cell sensors, are involved in a plethora of Ca(2+)-mediated cell functions, and play a role as "gate-keepers" in many homeostatic processes such as Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) reabsorption. The variety of functions to which TRP channels contribute and the polymodal character of their activation predict that failures in correct channel gating or permeation will likely contribute to complex pathophysiological mechanisms. Dysfunctions of TRPs cause human diseases but are also involved in a complex manner to contribute and determine the progress of several diseases. Contributions to this special issue discuss channelopathias for which mutations in TRP channels that induce "loss-" or "gain-of-function" of the channel and can be considered "disease-causing" have been identified. The role of TRPs will be further elucidated in complex diseases of the intestinal, renal, urogenital, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems. Finally, the role of TRPs will be discussed in neuronal diseases and neurodegenerative disorders.  (+info)

The Hot Topic Keynotes: Channelopathies session of the 26th International Neurotoxicology Conference brought together toxicologists studying interactions of environmental toxicants with ion channels, to review the state of the science of channelopathies and to discuss the potential for interactions between environmental exposures and channelopathies. This session presented an overview of chemicals altering ion channel function and background about different channelopathy models. It then explored the available evidence that individuals with channelopathies may or may not be more sensitive to effects of chemicals. Dr. Tim Shafer began his presentation by defining what channelopathies are and presenting several examples of channelopathies. Channelopathies are mutations that alter the function of ion channels such that they result in clinically-definable syndromes including forms of epilepsy, migraine headache, ataxia and other neurological and cardiac syndromes (Kullmann, 2010). Because of the ...
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) describes a natural and unexpected death from cardiac causes occurring within a short period of time (generally within 1 h of symptom onset) in the absence of any other potentially lethal condition. Most SCD-related diseases have a genetic basis; in particular congenital cardiac channelopathies and cardiomyopathies have been described as leading causes of SCD. Congenital cardiac channelopathies are primary electric disorders caused by mutations affecting genes encoding cardiac ion channels or associated proteins, whereas cardiomyopathies are related to mutations in genes encoding several categories of proteins, including those of sarcomeres, desmosomes, the cytoskeleton, and the nuclear envelope. The purpose of this review is to provide a general overview of the main genetic variants that have been linked to the major congenital cardiac channelopathies and cardiomyopathies. Functional alterations of the related proteins are also described.
This Research Topic is cross-listed in the Frontiers in Physiology section: Membrane Physiology and Membrane Biophysics and the Frontiers in Pharmacology section: Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies Ion channels are specialized membrane proteins responsible for the ions fluxes across the membrane of all cells of the human body. They open in response to voltage changes or binding of a chemical messenger, such as a neurotransmitter (i.e. ligand-gated ion channels). These proteins play heterogeneous and often critical physiological roles in both excitable and non-excitable cells, such as impulse generation and propagation, synaptic transmission and plasticity, hormonal secretion, hearth rhythm, blood pressure regulation, salt-water balance, cell proliferation and survival, to mention a few. As a consequence, it is no surprise that defects in ion channels function may cause diverse and severe diseases collectively known as channelopathies, which
Voltage-gated sodium channels belong to the superfamily of voltage-gated cation channels. Their structure is based on domains comprising a voltage sensor domain (S1-S4 segments) and a pore domain (S5-S6 segments). Mutations in positively charged residues of the S4 segments may allow protons or cations to pass directly through the gating pore constriction of the voltage sensor domain; these anomalous currents are referred to as gating pore or omega (ω) currents. In the skeletal muscle disorder hypokalemic periodic paralysis, and in arrhythmic dilated cardiomyopathy, inherited mutations of S4 arginine residues promote omega currents that have been shown to be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of these sodium channel disorders ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Advances in cardiac ATP-Sensitive K + channelopathies from molecules to populations. AU - Terzic, Andre. AU - Alekseev, Alexey E.. AU - Yamada, Satsuki. AU - Reyes, Santiago. AU - Olson, Timothy Mark. PY - 2011/8. Y1 - 2011/8. N2 - Deficient cellular energetics set by aberrant K ATP channel function increasingly is implicated in a spectrum of conditions underlying metabolic imbalance and electric instability. 5 Indeed, cardiac K ATP channelopathies are emerging as a recognized disease entity underlying heart failure and arrhythmia. 19 Understanding the molecular structure and function of K ATP channel subunits, 8 and their relationship to cellular metabolic signaling, 99 has been instrumental in interpreting the pathophysiology of channel malfunction associated with heart disease predisposition (Figure 3). 12 From individual patients to populations, variants in K ATP channel genes now have been documented in human dilated cardiomyopathy 21 and atrial fibrillation 20 and as risk ...
Takano, K, Liu, D, Tarpey, P et al 2012, An X-linked Channelopathy with Cardiomegaly due to a CLIC2 Mutation Enhancing Ryanodine Receptor Channel Activity, Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 21, no. 20, pp. 4497-4507. ...
The proposed K99/R00 application incorporates a comprehensive research and training plan for studying ion channels and channelopathies in the olfactory system....
Chloride channels (ClCs) have gained worldwide interest because of their molecular diversity, widespread distribution in mammalian tissues and organs, and their link to various human diseases. Nine different ClCs have been molecularly identified and functionally characterized in mammals. ClC-2 is one of nine mammalian members of the ClC family. It possesses unique biophysical characteristics, pharmacological properties, and molecular features that distinguish it from other ClC family members. ClC-2 has wide organ/tissue distribution and is ubiquitously expressed. Published studies consistently point to a high degree of conservation of ClC-2 function and regulation across various species from nematodes to humans over vast evolutionary time spans. ClC-2 has been intensively and extensively studied over the past two decades, leading to the accumulation of a plethora of information to advance our understanding of its pathophysiological functions; however, many controversies still exist. It is necessary to
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Tomorrow, we are seeing our first patient, and he has an arrythmia. Presumably its due to a potassium channel problem, because we had a 56-page review article to read for tomorrow about all these different channelopathies, and that was one of the channel diseases that it mentioned. In college you learn about potassium channels and sodium channels and how they are responsible for action potentials in neurons. But there are also calcium channels and chloride channels that can cause diseases if they arent working properly, and then there are several subtypes of each, as well as other channels that arent specific for a single ion. Some channels are expressed in certain tissues and not in others; some are voltage-gated while others are ligand-gated or voltage-insensitive; some activate or inactivate slower or faster than others do. Its kind of mind-blowing to read about them all ...
Cardiac calcium channels play important roles in heart development and function. Missense mutations in calcium channel alpha1c subunit have been reported to be...
Looking for online definition of Channelopathies in the Medical Dictionary? Channelopathies explanation free. What is Channelopathies? Meaning of Channelopathies medical term. What does Channelopathies mean?
Paraspinal compartment syndrome is a rare cause of lower back pain that remains under-recognized and under-treated and which can result in prolonged and debilitating pain..
When reading the following information, it is important to remember that there are no guaranteed answers for most clinical situations. The final judgment regarding care of a particular patient must be made by the health care provider and the patient in light of all relevant circumstances. Click on the following links to navigate to a specific genetic heart rhythm disorder: The Healthy Heart Sudden Death Predisposing Genetic Heart Diseases (GHDs) Overview Channelopathies vs. Cardiomyopathies Common Characteristics Possible Presentations Risk Factors Diagnostic Tests Common Treatments Cardiac Channelopathies Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) Brugada Syndrome (BrS) Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT) Cardiac Cardiomyopathies Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) The Healthy Heart The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood, which provides the body with oxygen
There are few areas in cardiology in which the impact of genetics and genetic testing on clinical management has been as great as in cardiac channelopathies,arrhythmic disorders of genetic origin related to the ionic control of the cardiac action potential. Among the growing number of diseases identified as channelopathies,3 are sufficiently prevalent to represent significant clinical and societal problems and to warrant adequate understanding by practicing cardiologists: long QT syndrome,catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia,and Brugada syndrome. This review will focus selectively on the impact of genetic discoveries on clinical management of these 3 diseases. For each disorder,we will discuss to what extent genetic knowledge and clinical genetic test results modify the way cardiologists should approach and manage affected patients. We will also address the optimal use of genetic testing,including its potential limitations and the potential medico-legal implications when such ...
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are responsible for the initiation and propagation of action potentials in excitable cells. VGSCs in mammalian brain are heterotrimeric complexes of α and β subunits. Although β subunits were originally termed auxiliary, we now know that they are multifunctional …
Costello, J.P., Wilson, J.K., Louis, C., Peer, S.M., Zurakowski, D. et al. (2015). Surgical cardiac denervation therapy for treatment of congenital ion channelopathies in pediatric patients: a contemporary, single institutional experience. World Journal of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery, 6(1), 33-38.. ...
An |i|in vitro|/i| heart disease model is a promising model used for identifying the genes responsible for the disease, evaluating the effects of drugs, and regenerative medicine. We were interested in disease models using a patient-induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell-derived cardiomyocytes because of their similarity to a patient’s tissues. However, as these studies have just begun, we would like to review the literature in this and other related fields and discuss the path for future models of molecular biology that can help to diagnose and cure diseases, and its involvement in regenerative medicine. The heterogeneity of iPS cells and/or differentiated cardiomyocytes has been recognized as a problem. An |i|in vitro|/i| heart disease model should be evaluated using molecular biological analyses, such as mRNA and micro-RNA expression profiles and proteomic analysis.
Genetic screening is now commonplace for patients suspected of having inherited cardiac conditions. Variants of uncertain significance (VUS) in disease-associated genes pose problems for the diagnostician and reliable methods for evaluating VUS function are required. Although function is difficult to interrogate for some genes, heritable channelopathies have established mechanisms that should be amenable to well-validated evaluation techniques. The cellular electrophysiology techniques of voltage- and patch- clamp have a long history of successful use and have been central to identifying both the roles of genes involved in different forms of congenital Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) and the mechanisms by which mutations lead to aberrant ion channel function underlying clinical phenotypes. This is particularly evident for KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A, mutations in which underlie | 90% of genotyped LQTS cases (the LQT1-LQT3 subtypes). Recent studies utilizing high throughput (HT) planar patch-clamp recording have
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Short QT Syndrome (SQTS) is a rare inherited channelopathy (a disorder that affects the movement of ions through channels within the cell membrane) associated with marked shortened QT intervals and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in individuals with a str
A leading cause of death in western countries is sudden cardiac death, and can be associated with genetic disease. Next-generation sequencing has allowed thorough analysis of genes associated with this entity, including, most recently, titin. We aimed to identify potentially pathogenic genetic variants in titin. A total of 1126 samples were analyzed using a custom sequencing panel including major genes related to sudden cardiac death. Our cohort was divided into three groups: 432 cases from patients with cardiomyopathies, 130 cases from patients with channelopathies, and 564 post-mortem samples from individuals showing anatomical healthy hearts and non-conclusive causes of death after comprehensive autopsy. None of the patients included had definite pathogenic variants in the genes analyzed by our custom cardio-panel. Retrospective analysis comparing the in-house database and available public databases also was performed. We identified 554 rare variants in titin, 282 of which were novel. Seven were
Dr. El-Sherif is an internationally recognized expert in the field of basic and clinical cardiac electrophysiology. He has published over 450 peer reviewed papers, reviews, and book chapters and has authored and co-authored eight books. He is a member of the editorial board of several national and international journals and served on the National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, and Veterans Affairs Central Office research study groups. His research has been consistently supported by federal and non-federal grants for the last 34 years and has dealt with the link between molecular biology, ion channel physiology, cellular electrophysiology and clinical presentations of cardiac arrhythmias. Dr El-Sherif has made several seminal contributions to understanding electrophysiological mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias in general and in myocardial ischemia/infarction in particular. His early studies on the canine post-infarction model resulted in the description of the figure-of-eight ...
Dr. El-Sherif is an internationally recognized expert in the field of basic and clinical cardiac electrophysiology. He has published over 450 peer reviewed papers, reviews, and book chapters and has authored and co-authored eight books. He is a member of the editorial board of several national and international journals and served on the National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, and Veterans Affairs Central Office research study groups. His research has been consistently supported by federal and non-federal grants for the last 34 years and has dealt with the link between molecular biology, ion channel physiology, cellular electrophysiology and clinical presentations of cardiac arrhythmias. Dr El-Sherif has made several seminal contributions to understanding electrophysiological mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias in general and in myocardial ischemia/infarction in particular. His early studies on the canine post-infarction model resulted in the description of the figure-of-eight ...
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common cause of mortality worldwide, accounting for more than 3 million deaths annually with estimates in the United States ranging between 300,000 to 350,000 deaths each year. Because SCD is the common endpoint of a variety of heart pathologies that predispose to ventricular arrhythmogenesis (e.g., coronary artery disease, cardiomyopatheis, or channelopathies), therapies that prevent SCD would have a major impact in medical practice as there are few options that currently exist. In the heart, gap junctions function as specialized channels that localize to the boundary between neighboring cardiomyocytes in a structure known as the intercalated disc (ID). Each gap junction is composed of protein subunits called connexins (Cx) that work in concert to maintain a coordinated wave of electrical excitation among cardiomyocytes in order to ensure a proper and synchronized contraction of the myocardium. The precise localization of gap junctions to the ID is established
The Health and Life Sciences faculty at the University Pompeu Fabra have three Bachelor degrees: Human Biology, Medicine and Biomedical Engineering. In all these degrees the members of the Molecular Physiology and Channelopathies group participate in the teaching of several subjects, coordinating the main subjects related to physiology:. General Physiology coordinated by Dr. Miguel Valverde. Human Physiology coordinated by Dr. Francisco Muñoz. Systems Physiology I coordinated by Dr. Rubén Vicente. Systems Physiology II coordinated by Dr. José Manuel Fernández. In addition, all the members participate in the teaching of different masters degrees at University Pompeu Fabra and Univeristy of Barcelona: Biomedical Research, Neuroscience and Genetic Consultancy.. ...
Results From a total of 582 patients identified, 286 had myotonia congenita, 70 paramyotonia congenita, 23 sodium-channel myotonias, 97 hypokalemic PP, 66 hyperkalemic PP, four normokalemic PP, and 36 Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS). 530 patients were from England, giving a point prevalence of 1/100 000. Significant allelic heterogeneity was associated with NDM and ATS. However, a limited number of mutations were responsible for most cases. ...
May 5, 2011 (Updated August 1, 2011) - Genetic testing is increasingly important in determining potential cardiac conditions in patients and is used in clinical settings more than ever before. To ensure that physicians have up-to-date knowledge of the evolving role of genetic testing for sudden death predisposing, genetic heart diseases in cardiology, which can be life-saving for some patients, the Heart Rhythm Society and the European Heart Rhythm Association have prepared HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies. The consensus statement was released at Heart Rhythm 2011, the Heart Rhythm Societys 32nd Annual Scientific Sessions.
Andersen-Tawil Syndrome is a genetic condition that causes periods of muscle weakness (periodic paralysis), changes in heart rhythm (arrhythmia), and intellectual and developmental abnormalities. Other features can include low-set ears, widely spaced eyes, small mandible, fifth-digit clinodactyly, syndactyly, short stature, and scoliosis. Speak to a genetic counselor or a medical geneticist if you have questions about Andersen-Tawil syndrome. ...
Cardiomyopathies. Introduction. Define Cardiomyopathy Primary Cardiomyopathies Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy ARVD Ion Channelopathies Dilated Cardiomyopathy Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Myocarditis Others Secondary Cardiomyopathies Infiltrative Disease. Evolving Definition. Slideshow...
Ackerman MJ., Priori SG., Willems S., Berul C., Brugada R., Calkins H., Camm AJ., Ellinor PT., Gollob M., Hamilton R., Hershberger RE., Judge DP., Le Marec H., McKenna WJ., Schulze-Bahr E., Semsarian C., Towbin JA., Watkins H., Wilde A., Wolpert C., Zipes DP., Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) None., European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) None ...
Episodic phenomena (epilepsy, migraine, and cardiac arrhythmias) are among the most common disorders afflicting humans. Early in his career, Ptácek began studying patients with rare Mendelian muscle disorders (periodic paralysis) and proposed these as a model of more common episodic disorders. In 1990, he began systematically characterizing genes causing familial forms of periodic paralysis. This series of landmark discoveries identified mutant ion channel genes and laid the groundwork for the field now called the channelopathies. He proposed that all the work in channelopathies of skeletal muscle would be model for episodic disorders of heart and brain. Subsequently, his group and others have identified homologous genes that (when mutated) cause cardiac arrhythmias, epilepsy, and migraine. He has gone from describing new syndromes to cloning causative genes, to biological study in vitro and in vivo (animal models).. More recently, Ptácek led the team that characterized the first Mendelian ...
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) comprises a distinct group of cardiac channelopathies characterized by delayed repolarization of the myocardium, QT prolongation and increased risk of syncope, seizures and sudden cardiac death in the setting of a structurally normal heart and otherwise healthy person.. This repolarization abnormality usually is without consequence. However, infrequently, when caught off guard by such triggers as exertion, swimming, emotion or auditory stimuli, the heart can spiral out of control electrically into a potentially life-threatening and sometimes lethal dysrhythmia.. The hearts rhythm typically returns to normal spontaneously after an episode of syncope. But in 5% of untreated and unsuspected cases of LQTS, the person dies of a fatal arrhythmia as the sentinel event.. Long QT syndrome is a genetically heterogeneous disorder most often inherited in an autosomal dominate mode.. To date, hundreds of mutations have been identified, with approximately 75% of clinically ...
Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory of Michael J. Ackerman, M.D., Ph.D., at Mayo Clinic: Cardiac channelopathies, long QT syndrome, SIDS, cardiomyopathy.
Recent scientific discoveries have confirmed a pivotal role for the NaV 1.7 voltage-gated sodium channel in human familial gain-of-function and loss-of-function pain syndromes. NaV 1.7 is comprised of four hexameric transmembrane domains encoded by SCN9A, a gene preferentially expressed in dorsal root and sympathetic ganglion neurons. Gain-of-function lesions in SCN9A lead to the development of primary erythromelalgia (PEM). To date, fourteen PEM mutations have been identified which all map to the first three domains of NaV 1.7. I have identified four SCN9A mutations, two of which map to the fourth domain of NaV 1.7 and have used a combination of molecular biology and electrophysiology tools to investigate the biophysical properties of the mutated channels. The results provide insights into the function of NaV 1.7 and are useful in a wider clinical context for offering a confident genetic diagnosis of pain channelopathies. Recessive loss-of-function mutations in SCN9A cause congenital ...
The action potential is fundamental to information processing in the brain. Neurons fire action potentials in response to a variety of inputs and action potentials exist in many different shapes, sizes and frequencies. In this course we will begin with a study of ion channels, the membrane bound biochemical switches that give the action potential its shape. Then we will explore the numerous factors that influence the nature of an individual action potential: neuronal morphology, ion channel composition, and intracellular signaling cascades. We will conclude by considering how circuits of diverse neuronal phenotypes integrate synaptic signals, which give rise to sophisticated information processing, learning and memory, and psychiatric disease. Student projects will explore how ion channel abnormalities, so-called channelopathies, influence cognition and behavior.. ...
Neurologists have known for a long time that essential tremor has a strong genetic element. The diagnosis always feels more certain when there is another family member with tremor. The exact nature of this genetic link is however uncertain. Into this void comes a research paper suggesting that people with essential tremor may have abnormal cellular channels. Channels are proteins in the cell wall that let electrolytes like sodium and potassium in and out, and channelopathies are diseases that affect these channels. The authors of this paper studied a large essential tremor family who also suffer with epilepsy, a typical channel disorder. And the genetic tests they carried out revealed an abnormality in the SCN4A sodium channel. Correlation or causation? The mystery only deepens, I think.. ...
Available Videos: Recommendations Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes and Vaccinations Competitive Sport Athletes and Genetic Heart Diseases Return to Play Considerations for Athletes with Genetic Heart Diseases Treatments QT Preventative Measures Cardiac Channelopathies: Who Needs an ICD? The Necessity of an AED Avoiding ICD Implantation in Primary Electrical Diseases Miscellaneous Welcome to Mayo Clinic from Dr. Michael Ackerman Getting to Know Dr. Michael Ackerman Genetics and Genetic Testing 101: Pedigrees, Penetrance and Purgatory Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood Awareness Month - March 2019 SADS Warning Signs and National Heart Month - February 2019 Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes and Vaccinations Dr. Michael Ackerman, a genetic cardiologist from Mayo Clinic, discusses concerns about vaccinations and flu shots for patients with genetic heart rhythm conditions like Brugada Syndrome (BrS), Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular
Large, prospective double-blinded trials to assess the safety and efficacy of ICD therapy in adults have proven the value of ICDs in a variety of disease substrates, including post-myocardial infarction, ischemia, and cardiomyopathies (15-18). Implant indications and guidelines have been developed to appropriately determine who is a good ICD candidate for both primary and secondary prevention (19,20). The sheer volume of adult patients in these studies dwarfs the pediatric ICD experience, where sudden cardiac death is fortunately relatively uncommon (except perhaps in untreated channelopathies and malignant myocarditis/cardiomyopathies). However, the rarity of diseases and cardiac events also makes determining the appropriate indications for therapy diagnostically challenging. The impact of receiving an ICD may be more substantial in a young patient, who may live for decades after initial device implantation and would be subject to multiple procedures for generator replacements and lead ...
I come back after a longer time...I am stil taking cortisone and from time to time I am fine....though there is ongoing muscle decline (arms, shoulders, neck...), symmetrically, so neuro is not sure..Yes it looks strange... Small fiber neuropathie is confirmed. Now it is getting a bit colder here and today I feel like got stuck in my own body...They still get my tongue a close look during check up. My clinical is quite normal. Lower reflexes are low, upper brisk, but symmetrical. No stomach reflexes but symmetrical...Now I am checked for channelopathy, but I think this is misleading. Small Fiber is not a comorbidity as far as I know ...
The focus of the Periodic Paralysis, Myotonia, and Episodic Ataxia Clinic is to provide clinical services for patients with these neurologic channelopathies. Dr. Robert C Griggs, Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurology, has had a career-long interest in clinical care and research of channelopathies. Neurologic channelopathies are caused by a genetic mutation that affects the function of ion channels in cell membranes.. Referral Information ...
Martial arts expert, Mitch Gooch, teaches people how to do Kung Fu and martial arts all from his wheelchair. The 36-year-old British man suffers from a rare illness that causes his whole body to feel like blocks of ice and has left him disabled.. I can only describe it as being frozen. You know you can move but you are just unable to. It literally feels like parts of your body are blocks of ice, Gooch told the Daily Mail.. When Gooch was 24, he woke up one morning fully paralyzed and could not move for a week. The hospital staff previously diagnosed his condition as growing pains before it was revealed he suffered from a rare hereditary illness- Andersen-Tawil syndrome- a type of long QT syndrome.. Andersen-Tawil syndrome is a rare condition and a rare form of periodic paralysis that affects approximately 100 people worldwide. According to the Mayo Clinic, this syndrome can cause episodes of muscle weakness, changes in heart rhythm, and developmental abnormalities. Patients commonly develop ...
Myotonia is a medical term that refers to a neuromuscular condition in which the relaxation of a muscle is impaired. It can affect any muscle group. Repeated effort will be needed to relax the muscle, although the condition usually improves after the muscles have warmed-up. Individuals with myotonia may have trouble releasing their grip on objects or may have difficulty rising from a seated position. They may walk with a stiff, awkward gait. Myotonia is caused by an abnormality in the muscle membrane, and is often associated with inherited neurological disorders. Myotonia is commonly seen in individuals with myotonic muscular dystrophy, myotonia congenita, and in people who have one of a group of neurological disorders called the channelopathies, which are inherited diseases that are caused by mutations in the chloride sodium or potassium channels that regulate the muscle membrane. Myotonia may also be triggered by exposure to cold.. ...
Myotonia is a medical term that refers to a neuromuscular condition in which the relaxation of a muscle is delayed or slowed. It can affect any muscle group. Repeated effort will be needed to relax the muscle, although the condition usually improves after the muscles have warmed-up. Individuals with myotonia may have trouble releasing their grip on objects or may have difficulty rising from a seated position. They may walk with a stiff, awkward gait. Myotonia is caused by an abnormality in the muscle membrane, and is often associated with inherited neurological disorders. Myotonia is commonly seen in individuals with myotonic muscular dystrophy and in people who have one of a group of neurological disorders called the channelopathies, which are inherited diseases that are caused by mutations in the chloride sodium or potassium channels that regulate the muscle membrane. Myotonia may also be triggered by exposure to cold.. ...
Episodic phenomena (epilepsy, migraine, and cardiac arrhythmias) are among the most common disorders afflicting humans. Early in his career, Ptácek began studying patients with rare Mendelian muscle disorders (periodic paralysis) and proposed these as a model of more common episodic disorders. In 1990, he began systematically characterizing genes causing familial forms of periodic paralysis. This series of landmark discoveries identified mutant ion channel genes and laid the groundwork for the field now called the channelopathies. He proposed that all the work in channelopathies of skeletal muscle would be model for episodic disorders of heart and brain. Subsequently, his group and others have identified homologous genes that (when mutated) cause cardiac arrhythmias, epilepsy, and migraine. He has gone from describing new syndromes to cloning causative genes, to biological study in vitro and in vivo (animal models).. More recently, Ptácek led the team that characterized the first Mendelian ...
Introduction: Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) due to Kir2.1mutations typically manifests as periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias and developmental abnormalities but is often difficult to diagnose clinically. This study was undertaken to determine whether sarcolemmal dysfunction could be identified with muscle velocity recovery cycles (MVRCs). Methods: Eleven genetically confirmed ATS patients and 20 normal controls were studied. MVRCs were recorded with 1, 2, and 5 conditioning stimuli and with single conditioning stimuli during intermittent repetitive stimulation at 20 Hz, in addition to the long exercise test. Results: ATS patients had longer relative refractory periods (P , 0.0001) and less early supernormality, consistent with membrane depolarization. Patients had reduced enhancement of late supernormality with 5 conditioning stimuli (P , 0.0001), and less latency reduction during repetitive stimulation (P , 0.001). Patients were separated completely from controls by combining MVRC and ...
1. Ventricular fibrillation is not only caused by acute coronary syndrome. There are many other etiologies, including scarring from previous MI, medications, drugs, LVH, and channelopathies. We found that 38% of out of hospital ventricular fibrillation was due to STEMI. The remainder were due to other etiologies, (including NonSTEMI ACS). But approximately 50% were due to non-ACS etiologies ...
Neuromuscular medicine is subspecialty of neurology and physiatry that focuses the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular diseases. The field encompasses issues related to both diagnosis and medical treatment of these conditions, as well as relevant rehabilitation interventions to optimize the quality of life of individuals with these conditions.[1] This field encompasses disorders that impact both adults and children. Neuromuscular disease can be caused by autoimmune disorders,[2] genetic/hereditary disorders[3] such as channelopathies,[4] or neurodegenerative diseases.[5] Because they frequently have no cure, the focus is managing the condition to provide improvements in the patients quality.[1] Rehabilitation robotics is a new frontier for neurological rehabilitation treatments. ...
Updated clinical classification of high-risk newborns systematic assessment is necessary if the uptake of fat-soluble vitamins are often both required. Characteristically at rest decelerated school performance voracious appetite weight loss in chromosomally abnormal fetuses 723 10, some children show minimum evidence of nausea or vomiting if sudden loud noise causes abduction of extremities involuntary facial grimaces speech disturbances emotional lability physical restlessness. Obstet gynecol 1991;82:2299. (b) sagittal two-dimensional view of an excitable neonate may not initiate pacing until a more rapidly after birth, when there is an ominous sign of detachment is further limited by vessel size alterations from the weight of the degradation of red blood cell indices, and serum creatinine. Freeman sb etal. Moura c etal. 39. Radiography may also occur and requires no specific channelopathy/ electrical disease (long qt syndrome, respectively, may be an angina standpoint in this case. Curdled ...
Xina, as it was highlighted many times by the most educated specialists in MND, twitching itself is a nonspecific symptom. Moreover, twitching could be caused by several DIFFERENT underlying reasons. It could be due to decreased firing threshold, as it probbaly happens with hyperthyroid people, or due to disfunction of potassium channes in channelopathy, or it could be on the nerve level, like it happens in neuritis/MS (which also involves local neuritis) or in other MND, or in physical neural trauma. In the case of neuritis, twitchihg occurs, as far as I understand, both in cases of denervation and re-innervation, so it is really hard to say which process is predominant right now. When your inflamed nerves are healing, they may form same pattern on EMG like damaged ones (becasuse they ARE damaged). The difference is wheter you can regain strength or not AND whether the process would be confined in one nerve group or spreading to others ...
Edhe pse patogjeneza nuk është plotësisht e sqaruar, në vitet e fundit është grumbulluar evidencë, sipas së cilës kjo sëmundje është të paktën pjesërisht një kanalopati (ang. channelopathy). Kanalopatitë janë sëmundje kryesisht gjenetike, që kanë si shkak një çrregullësi të përçimit të joneve në kanalet jonike të membranave celulare. Shtysa kryesore e kësaj hipoteze ishte zbulimi që Migrena Familiare Hemiplegjike (ang. Familial Hemiplegic Migraine, FHM), megjithëse një formë e rrallë migrene, është një sëmundje trashëguese e tipit autozomal dominant me mutacione të gjeneve në kromozomin e 19, që bëjnë kodimin e kanaleve të kalciumit (Ca2+) të veçanta për neuronet. Kjo shpjegon edhe faktin që bllokuesit jospecifik të kalciumit kanë rol preventiv në këtë patologji. Shumë premtuese qe për një kohë të gjatë hipoteza e spreading depression (e vëzhguar së pari më 1944 nga Leao në trurin e lepurit pas shpimit me gjilpërë), por ...
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Rüdel, R (2000). "Muscle chloride channelopathies: myotonia congenita". In Lehmann-Horn, Frank; Jurkat-Rott, Karin (eds.). ... Rüdel, R (2000). "Muscle chloride channelopathies: myotonia congenita". In Lehmann-Horn, Frank; Jurkat-Rott, Karin (eds.). ... Channelopathies. Burlington: Elsevier. pp. 44-46. ISBN 9780080528854. Breed data sheet: Myotonic / United States of America ( ... Channelopathies. Burlington: Elsevier. pp. 44-46. ISBN 9780080528854. "On the Sacred Disease", trans. Francis Adams, in ...
Kim, June-Bum (January 2014). "Channelopathies". Korean Journal of Pediatrics. 57 (1): 1-18. doi:10.3345/kjp.2014.57.1.1. ISSN ... Neuromuscular disease can be caused by autoimmune disorders, genetic or hereditary disorders such as channelopathies, or ...
Other channelopathies may cause it as well. It is also associated with Schwartz-Jampel syndrome. Neuromuscular medicine ... Kim, June-Bum (January 2014). "Channelopathies". Korean Journal of Pediatrics. 57 (1): 1-18. doi:10.3345/kjp.2014.57.1.1. ISSN ... Myotonia is the defining symptom of many channelopathies such as myotonia congenita, paramyotonia congenita and myotonic ... Vicart, S.; Sternberg, D.; Fontaine, B.; Meola, G. (1 October 2005). "Human skeletal muscle sodium channelopathies". ...
Kullmann, Dimitri M. (2010). "Neurological channelopathies". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 33: 151-172. doi:10.1146/annurev- ... neurological channelopathies and Synaptopathies, gene therapy for epilepsy, and mechanisms of neural oscillations. Kullman ...
Feske S (July 2010). "CRAC channelopathies". Pflügers Archiv. 460 (2): 417-35. doi:10.1007/s00424-009-0777-5. PMC 2885504. PMID ...
The concept of channelopathies and the link with specific ion channel mutations emerged at the end of the 20th century. Kung AW ... TPP is regarded as a model for related conditions, known as "channelopathies", which have been linked with mutations in ion ... Ryan DP, Ptácek LJ (October 2010). "Episodic neurological channelopathies". Neuron. 68 (2): 282-92. doi:10.1016/j.neuron. ...
ChannelopathiesEdit. Ptáček began his research on episodic neurological diseases by cloning and identifying genes that were ...
Ryanodine receptor channelopathies. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 322:1280-1285. PMID 15336975 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.033 ... particularly for the treatment of RyR channelopathies. Xiao, Liang; Gurrola, Georgina B.; Zhang, Jing; Martin, Mario San; ...
Jurkat-Rott K, Lehmann-Horn F (August 2005). "Muscle channelopathies and critical points in functional and genetic studies". J ... Cannon, Stephen C. (2018). "Sodium Channelopathies of Skeletal Muscle". Voltage-gated Sodium Channels: Structure, Function and ... Channelopathies. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer International Publishing. 246: 309-330. doi:10.1007/164_2017_ ...
Behere SP, Weindling SN (2014). "Inherited arrhythmias: The cardiac channelopathies". Annals of Pediatric Cardiology. 8 (3): ... of SIDS cases are believed to be due to channelopathies, which are inherited defects in the ion channels which play an ...
Planells-Cases, Rosa; Jentsch, Thomas J. (2009-03-01). "Chloride channelopathies". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - ...
Demirbilek H, Galcheva S, Vuralli D, Al-Khawaga S, Hussain K (May 2019). "Ion Transporters, Channelopathies, and Glucose ...
... to channelopathies (sodium channels, "SCN3A"). Patients with autism have overall higher levels of cortical gyrification, but ...
Beyder A, Farrugia G (October 2016). "Ion channelopathies in functional GI disorders". Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ... Channelopathy and muscular dystrophy: IBS and functional GI diseases are comorbidities of genetic channelopathies that cause ... Beyder A, Farrugia G (2016). "Ion channelopathies in functional GI disorders". American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal ...
K, Jurkat-Rott; H, Lerche; N, Mitrovic; F, Lehmann-Horn (September 1999). "Teaching Course: Ion Channelopathies in Neurology". ...
Waxman SG (July 2013). "Painful Na-channelopathies: an expanding universe". Trends in Molecular Medicine. 19 (7): 406-9. doi: ...
Abraham MR, Jahangir A, Alekseev AE, Terzic A (November 1999). "Channelopathies of inwardly rectifying potassium channels". ...
Genetic and autoimmune disorders of ion channels and their modifiers are known as channelopathies. See Category:Channelopathies ...
Venetucci L, Denegri M, Napolitano C, Priori SG (October 2012). "Inherited calcium channelopathies in the pathophysiology of ... Obeyesekere MN, Antzelevitch C, Krahn AD (February 2015). "Management of ventricular arrhythmias in suspected channelopathies ...
Channelopathies are diseases caused by disturbed function of ion channel subunits or the proteins that regulate them. These ... Channelopathies affecting synaptic function are a type of synaptopathy. The types in the following table are commonly accepted ... The channelopathies of human skeletal muscle include hyper- and hypokalemic (high and low potassium blood concentrations) ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mulley JC, Scheffer IE, Petrou S, Berkovic SF (April 2003). "Channelopathies as a ...
Vincent A (2008). "Autoimmune channelopathies: John Newsom-Davis's work and legacy. A summary of the Newsom-Davis Memorial ...
"Inherited calcium channelopathies in the pathophysiology of arrhythmias". Nature Reviews. Cardiology. 9 (10): 561-575. doi: ...
Mutation studies allow experimenters to study genetically inherited channelopathies. A channelopathy is any disease that ...
"Channelopathies of inwardly rectifying potassium channels". FASEB Journal. 13 (14): 1901-10. doi:10.1096/fasebj.13.14.1901 ...
Jurkat-Rott K, Lehmann-Horn F (August 2005). "Muscle channelopathies and critical points in functional and genetic studies". ...
Jurkat-Rott K, Lehmann-Horn F (August 2005). "Muscle channelopathies and critical points in functional and genetic studies". J ...
Platt D, Griggs RC (April 2012). "Use of acetazolamide in sulfonamide-allergic patients with neurologic channelopathies". ...
Waxman, S. Channelopathies have many faces. Nature 472, 173-174 (2011) doi:10.1038/472173a ...
Channelopathies. Definition. Channelopathies are a group of disorders that are caused by dysfunction of ion channels. ... Neuroscience: Channelopathies have many faces A sodium channel known for its role in the perception of pain also seems to be ... Channelopathies converge on TRPV4 Scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2C are inherited ... Channelopathies can disrupt neuronal or muscle function, including heart function, and can affect the brain, resulting in ...
Painful and painless channelopathies.. Bennett DL1, Woods CG2.. Author information. 1. Nuffield Department of Clinical ...
We also recapitulate the role of Nav1.8 for peripheral pain processing and of additional sodium channelopathies which have been ...
During the past 15 years, ion channels have been implicated in diseases that have come to be known as the channelopathies. Over ...
... Nanako Kawaguchi. ,1 Emiko Hayama. ,1 Yoshiyuki Furutani. ... Prospective In Vitro Models of Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies,. Stem Cells International,. vol. 2012. ,. Article ID ... Channelopathies have been currently used as in vitro disease models because of the development of systematic current ... The diseases of channelopathies and cardiomyopathies are listed and summarized with experts evaluation, "is recommended" or " ...
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Bi, M.M.; Hong, S.; Zhou, H.Y.; Wang, H.W.; Wang, L.N.; Zheng, Y.J. Chloride Channelopathies of ClC-2. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, ... Keywords: ClCs; ClC-2; ClC-2 channels; ClC-2 chloride channelopathies ClCs; ClC-2; ClC-2 channels; ClC-2 chloride ... Chloride Channelopathies of ClC-2. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(1):218-249. ... "Chloride Channelopathies of ClC-2." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 1: 218-249. ...
Cardiac Ion Channelopathies and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Ronald Wilders Department of Anatomy, Embryology and ... "cardiac ion channelopathies") and are not detectable during a standard postmortem examination, may create the vulnerable infant ...
Muscle channelopathies are caused by mutations in ion channel genes, by antibodies directed against ion channel proteins, or by ...
Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies Ion channels are specialized membrane proteins responsible for the ions fluxes ... no surprise that defects in ion channels function may cause diverse and severe diseases collectively known as channelopathies, ... expression of otherwise functionally unaltered ion channels have been recognized and named transcriptional channelopathies. To ... Some other channelopathies may result from defective regulations of channel activity due to mutations occurring in the voltage- ...
Tim Shafer began his presentation by defining what channelopathies are and presenting several examples of channelopathies. ... Channelopathies: Summary of the hot topic keynotes session. Contact. National Health and Environmental Effects Research ... Channelopathies are mutations that alter the function of ion channels such that they result in clinically-definable syndromes ... Channelopathies: Summary of the hot topic keynotes session. NEUROTOXICOLOGY. Intox Press, Inc, Little Rock, AR, 32(5):661-5, ( ...
David Friel on Ca2+ channelopathies, part of a collection of online lectures. ... Friel, D. (2012, November 18). Ca2+ channelopathies [Video file]. In The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart ...
Inherited Neuronal Ion Channelopathies: New Windows on Complex Neurological Diseases. William A. Catterall, Sulayman Dib-Hajj, ... Inherited Neuronal Ion Channelopathies: New Windows on Complex Neurological Diseases. William A. Catterall, Sulayman Dib-Hajj, ... Inherited Neuronal Ion Channelopathies: New Windows on Complex Neurological Diseases. William A. Catterall, Sulayman Dib-Hajj, ... Inherited Neuronal Ion Channelopathies: New Windows on Complex Neurological Diseases Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded ...
Channelopathies explanation free. What is Channelopathies? Meaning of Channelopathies medical term. What does Channelopathies ... Looking for online definition of Channelopathies in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from Channelopathies) channelopathy. A popular term for a heterogeneous group of conditions caused by structural ( ... Like other channelopathies, arrhythmias and symptoms typically occur at times of rest or sleep when vagal activity predominates ...
... Annu Rev Physiol. 2015;77:481-504. doi: 10.1146/annurev-physiol- ...
https://www.uclh.nhs.uk/patients-and-visitors/patient-information-pages/neurophysiology-muscle-channelopathies ...
Rhythm Association have prepared HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies ... The statement is directed to all health care professionals who are involved with genetic testing for channelopathies and ... 2011 HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies ... Rhythm Association have prepared HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies ...
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... Front Pharmacol. 2016 May 10;7:121. ... For most channelopathies the therapy is mainly empirical and symptomatic, often limited by lack of efficacy and tolerability ... Other channelopathies can exploit ion channel targeted drugs, such as marketed sodium channel blockers. Developing new and more ... To this aim, a major advancement in the pharmacotherapy of channelopathies has been the discovery that ion channel mutations ...
Conclusion We have analysed the largest series of patients with skeletal muscle channelopathies reported so far, and documented ... Objective To obtain prevalence data on skeletal muscle channelopathies and to evaluate the relative frequency of common ...
Channelopathies most often result from a loss of channel function. It would be an attractive approach to activate channels to ... Activators of Cation Channels: Potential in Treatment of Channelopathies Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to ... Lawson K and Dunne MJ (2001) Peripheral channelopathies as targets for potassium channel openers. Expert Opin Investig Drugs 10 ... In a variety of channelopathies, ion channel function is reduced, and activators of cation channels are promising candidates to ...
CNS channelopathies 1 Flashcards Preview Physioloogy and pharmacology , CNS channelopathies 1 , Flashcards ... Study CNS channelopathies 1 flashcards from Tom Jones ...
... experimentally-driven computational study of response to drugs and channelopathies ... experimentally-driven computational study of response to drugs and channelopathies ...
COVID-19 pandemia and inherited cardiomyopathies and channelopathies: a short term and long term perspective. Overview of ... COVID-19 pandemia and inherited cardiomyopathies and channelopathies: a short term and long term perspective ...
Novel potential treatments for neuronal channelopathies, Neuropharmacology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... Channelopathies can arise from a wide array of gene mutations; however they usually result in periods of aberrant network ... Channelopathies can arise from a wide array of gene mutations; however they usually result in periods of aberrant network ... Gene therapy and editing: Novel potential treatments for neuronal channelopathies Wykes, R.C.; Lignani, G. 2018-04-01 00:00:00 ...
HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies. Oct 01, 2012 ... Channelopathies, Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, Pregnancy, Brugada Syndrome, False Positive Reactions, Sudden Infant ... on genetic testing for patients with cardiomyopathies and channelopathies. Ten points to remember are: 1. Genetic counseling is ... HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies ...
Table of Cardiac Ion Channelopathies. Long QT syndrome (LQTS) 1726272875 Short QT syndrome (SQTS) 171829 Catecholaminergic ... Cardiac ion channelopathies result from adverse alterations in genes that code for protein subunits of cardiac ion channels1. ... Individuals with ion channelopathies may benefit from prevention (avoidance of triggers and predisposing drugs) and treatment ( ... The long QT syndrome family of cardiac ion channelopathies: a HuGE review. Genet Med. 2006 Mar;8(3):143-55. Review. PubMed PMID ...
The cardiac channelopathies are a collection of primary, genetically mediated heart rhythm disorders (also referred to as the ... Presently, these channelopathies should be viewed as potentially lethal but highly treatable conditions. However, unlike the ... 2011) HRS/EHRA expert consensus statement on the state of genetic testing for the channelopathies and cardiomyopathies this ... These cardiac channelopathies include long-QT syndrome (LQTS), catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), ...
... enables an improved analysis of pathophysiological changes that occur in muscles of patients with muscular channelopathies. ... Resonance Imaging Allows for Improved Visualization of Intracellular Sodium Content Changes in Muscular Channelopathies. ... using 2 rare muscular channelopathies as model diseases. ...
  • Muscle channelopathies are caused by mutations in ion channel genes, by antibodies directed against ion channel proteins, or by changes of cell homeostasis leading to aberrant splicing of ion channel RNA or to disturbances of modification and localization of channel proteins. (jci.org)
  • Some other channelopathies may result from defective regulations of channel activity due to mutations occurring in the voltage-sensor module of voltage-gated channels or the extracellular or intracellular binding sites for ligands or proteins that modulate their properties. (frontiersin.org)
  • Channelopathies are mutations that alter the function of ion channels such that they result in clinically-definable syndromes including forms of epilepsy, migraine headache, ataxia and other neurological and cardiac syndromes (Kullmann, 2010). (epa.gov)
  • While there are a number of possible phenotypes resulting from channel mutations, one feature shared by a number of channelopathies is that they cause periodic and discrete attacks, allowing the carrier of the mutation to function normally between attacks (Kullmann, 2010). (epa.gov)
  • Due to the widespread tissue distribution of ion channels and their physiological functions, mutations in genes encoding ion channel subunits, or their interacting proteins, are responsible for inherited ion channelopathies. (nih.gov)
  • The current review summarizes the therapeutic management of the principal ion channelopathies of central and peripheral nervous system, heart, kidney, bone, skeletal muscle and pancreas, resulting from mutations in calcium, sodium, potassium, and chloride ion channels. (nih.gov)
  • To this aim, a major advancement in the pharmacotherapy of channelopathies has been the discovery that ion channel mutations lead to change in biophysics that can in turn specifically modify the sensitivity to drugs: this opens the way to a pharmacogenetics strategy, allowing the development of a personalized therapy with increased efficacy and reduced side effects. (nih.gov)
  • Objective To obtain prevalence data on skeletal muscle channelopathies and to evaluate the relative frequency of common mutations. (bmj.com)
  • Specific mutations in these ion channels can give rise to channelopathies such as malignant hyperthermia, central core disease (CCD) and stress-induced cardiac arrhythmia (catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia). (technologynetworks.com)
  • Inherited mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding the pore-forming alpha-subunit of the cardiac-type Na+ channel, result in a spectrum of disease entities termed Na+ channelopathies. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Channelopathies are a group of inherited diseases caused by mutations in the genes coding for Na+, Cl- , K+ and Ca++ channel subunits. (anaesthetist.com)
  • Indeed, modern molecular techniques have led to the successful identification of mutations in genes encoding both voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels in numerous human neuromuscular disorders, collectively termed channelopathies . (mhmedical.com)
  • Conclusion We have analysed the largest series of patients with skeletal muscle channelopathies reported so far, and documented for the first time their overall prevalence. (bmj.com)
  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies are a group of rare episodic genetic disorders comprising the periodic paralyses and the non-dystrophic myotonias. (bmj.com)
  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies comprise a group of rare genetic neuromuscular disorders caused by dysfunction of sarcolemmal ion channels that are critical for muscle membrane excitability. (bmj.com)
  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies are divided into the periodic paralyses and the non-dystrophic myotonias, based on whether the predominant clinical symptom is muscle weakness or myotonia. (bmj.com)
  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies include the periodic paralyses and the non-dystrophic myotonias. (bmj.com)
  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies are rare inherited conditions that cause significant morbidity and impact on quality of life. (cdc.gov)
  • We also discuss four newly identified genes associated with skeletal muscle channelopathies. (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence and mutation spectrum of skeletal muscle channelopathies in the Netherlands. (cdc.gov)
  • During the past 15 years, ion channels have been implicated in diseases that have come to be known as the channelopathies. (springer.com)
  • Primary electrical diseases of the heart, which may cause lethal arrhythmias as a result of dysfunctioning cardiac ion channels ("cardiac ion channelopathies") and are not detectable during a standard postmortem examination, may create the vulnerable infant and thus contribute to SIDS. (hindawi.com)
  • The Italian pre-participation screening program has been demonstrated to be helpful in order to rule out the presence of cardiac diseases like HCM, channelopathies and arrhythmic diseases, simply by adding an ECG to clinical examination. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • To ensure that physicians have up-to-date knowledge of the evolving role of genetic testing for sudden death predisposing, genetic heart diseases in cardiology, which can be life-saving for some patients, the Heart Rhythm Society and the European Heart Rhythm Association have prepared HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on the State of Genetic Testing for the Channelopathies and Cardiomyopathies. (hrsonline.org)
  • As many channelopathies are paroxysmal in nature, optogenetic or chemogenetic approaches may be well suited to treat the symptoms of these diseases. (deepdyve.com)
  • To implement different sodium (23Na)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrasts at 3 Tesla and to evaluate if a weighting toward intracellular sodium can be achieved, using 2 rare muscular channelopathies as model diseases. (ovid.com)
  • Also, the underlying pathology and physiology of ion channel diseases are described associated with sudden infant death syndrome to provide a clinical perspective of cardiac channelopathies about sudden infant death syndrome. (eurekaselect.com)
  • CINCH (Clinical Investigation of Neurologic Channelopathies) is a collaborative effort of doctors, patient organizations, and federal health agencies that want to learn more about these diseases so that they can ultimately offer better treatments to patients. (fastercures.org)
  • One subject that was really captivating was the topic of neurological channelopathies, or diseases of the nervous system that result from an abnormality of ion channels in cells. (eyewire.org)
  • [1] [3] This invoked a series of discoveries of mutant ion channel genes that constructed the framework for studying similar diseases, which Ptáček calls " channelopathies . (wikipedia.org)
  • Following on last week's article reviewing the general approach to screening for inherited cardiac diseases, see here the disorder-specific approach to screening from detecting conduction and structural disorders through to arrhythmias and channelopathies. (escardio.org)
  • One might therefore expect that diseases of ion channels or channelopathies would not be compatible with life. (bmj.com)
  • Many of the neurological channelopathies recognised to date are rare forms of common diseases and potentially give us clues to disease mechanisms in common disorders such as epilepsy and migraine. (bmj.com)
  • Channelopathies are a group of disorders that are caused by dysfunction of ion channels. (nature.com)
  • We also recapitulate the role of Nav1.8 for peripheral pain processing and of additional sodium channelopathies which have been linked to disorders with pain as a significant component. (springer.com)
  • ion channelopathies , rare disorders affecting the sodium, potassium and calcium channels present in the heart muscles responsible for regulation of electrical current in and out of cells, and Wolff-Parkinson-White, a very rare condition where sufferers have an additional electrical connection between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The cardiac channelopathies are a collection of primary, genetically mediated heart rhythm disorders (also referred to as the primary electrical disorders) that are generally associated with a structurally normal heart and a propensity for syncope, seizures, or sudden cardiac arrest precipitated by a channelopathy-mediated episode of nonsustained or sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (torsade de pointes) or ventricular fibrillation. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Channelopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from the dysfunction of ion channels located in the membranes of all cells and many cellular organelles. (radcliffecardiology.com)
  • Cardiac arrhythmias caused by disorders of ion channels are known as cardiac channelopathies. (radcliffecardiology.com)
  • Genetic disorders that disrupt the function of these channels produce an array of Na(+) channelopathies resulting in neuronal impairment, chronic pain, neuromuscular pathologies, and cardiac arrhythmias. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The epilepsies are the most common serious neurological disorders and the last decade has taught us that they are largely a family of ion channelopathies. (mackeith.co.uk)
  • Recent advances in human induced pluripotent stem cell technology have provided remarkable progress in comprehending the underlying mechanisms of ion channel disorders or channelopathies by modeling these complex arrhythmia syndromes in vitro in a dish. (ovid.com)
  • He proposed that all the work in channelopathies of skeletal muscle would be model for episodic disorders of heart and brain. (ucsf.edu)
  • Episodic disorders: channelopathies and beyond. (ucsf.edu)
  • Understanding the phenotypic expression of these rare, monogenic channelopathies may shed light on similar mechanisms in the more common, likely polygenic and multifactorial, paroxysmal neurologic disorders, such as migraine and epilepsy. (mhmedical.com)
  • marked first-degree AV block, second-degree or higher AV block and sick sinus syndrome without pacemaker), sodium channelopathies (e. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other channelopathies can exploit ion channel targeted drugs, such as marketed sodium channel blockers. (nih.gov)
  • This chapter outlines sodium channel models with local anesthetics, anticonvulsants, and antiarrhythmics, which are used to manage pain and treat sodium channelopathies. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Channelopathies can disrupt neuronal or muscle function, including heart function, and can affect the brain, resulting in seizures. (nature.com)
  • Therefore gene therapy strategies based on up or downregulation of genes that modulate neuronal excitability may be effective therapy for a wide range of neuronal channelopathies. (deepdyve.com)
  • fMCG has been used to diagnose various fetal tachycardias, bradycardias, and channelopathies , such as long QT syndrome. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 7) Less common causes include aortic rupture in Marfan syndrome, myocarditis, valvular disease (aortic stenosis, mitral valve prolapse) and the ion channelopathies (long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia), and blunt chest trauma causing malignant arrhythmia (commotio cordis). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • These cardiac channelopathies include long-QT syndrome (LQTS), catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), Brugada syndrome (BrS), early repolarization syndrome, short-QT syndrome, and potentially idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. (onlinejacc.org)
  • This article provides an overview of cardiac channelopathies that nurses might encounter in an array of clinical and research settings, focusing on the clinically relevant features of long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. (cdc.gov)
  • In this Research Topic, we will assemble a series of reviews or original articles to provide the most updated platform of knowledge on channelopathies, at clinical, genetic and physiological levels. (frontiersin.org)
  • The first Heart Rhythm Society/European Heart Rhythm Association-sponsored guideline as to the clinical use of genetic testing for the cardiac channelopathies was published in 2011 (9) . (onlinejacc.org)
  • This volume of Advances in Genetics presents a broad and comprehensive overview of the inherited channelopathies in humans, including clinical, genetic and molecular aspects of these conditions. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • It has new content on atrial fibrillation, implantable defibrillators, indications for pacemaker implantation, anticoagulant therapy, long QT syndromes and other channelopathies , and recently-approved anti-arrhythmia drugs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Autoimmune channelopathies in paraneoplastic neurological syndromes. (anainf.fr)
  • In some instances, paraneoplastic neurological syndromes and autoimmune encephalitides are related to an antibody-induced dysfunction of ion channels, a situation that can be labelled as autoimmune channelopathies. (anainf.fr)
  • More recently, altered expression of otherwise functionally unaltered ion channels have been recognized and named transcriptional channelopathies. (frontiersin.org)
  • The "Hot Topic Keynotes: Channelopathies" session of the 26th International Neurotoxicology Conference brought together toxicologists studying interactions of environmental toxicants with ion channels, to review the state of the science of channelopathies and to discuss the potential for interactions between environmental exposures and channelopathies. (epa.gov)
  • In a variety of channelopathies, ion channel function is reduced, and activators of cation channels are promising candidates to regain channel function in acquired or inherited channelopathies. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Cardiac ion channelopathies result from adverse alterations in genes that code for protein subunits of cardiac ion channels 1 . (plos.org)
  • Neurologic channelopathies are caused by a genetic mutation that affects the function of ion channels in cell membranes. (fastercures.org)
  • Such functional alterations of ion channels are caused by the specific fixation of an autoantibody upon its target, implying that autoimmune channelopathies are usually highly responsive to immuno-modulatory treatments. (anainf.fr)
  • Autoantibodies in neurological autoimmune channelopathies may target either directly ion channels or proteins associated to ion channels and induce channel dysfunction by various mechanisms generally leading to the reduction of synaptic expression of the considered channel. (anainf.fr)
  • In order to understand channelopathies, it is necessary to review the physiology of ion channels. (anaesthetist.com)
  • Principles of expression and functional characterization of mutant ion channels in idiopathic epilepsies: Potassium and Calcium Channelopathies Dimitri. (slideplayer.com)
  • As the brain may develop and wire abnormally as a consequence of an inherited or de novo channelopathy, the choice of optimal gene therapy or gene editing strategy will depend on the time of intervention (germline, neonatal or adult).This article is part of the Special Issue entitled 'Channelopathies. (deepdyve.com)
  • This Expert Consensus Statement is a summary of recommendations from the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) on genetic testing for patients with cardiomyopathies and channelopathies. (acc.org)
  • 1. Genetic counseling is recommended for all patients and relatives with suspected heritable cardiomyopathies and channelopathies. (acc.org)
  • The purpose of the CINCH Consortium is to provide information about three neurologic channelopathies: Andersen-Tawil Syndrome (ATS), which is a form of periodic paralysis, non-dystrophic myotonia, and episodic ataxia. (fastercures.org)
  • Lehmann-Horn F, Jurkat-Rott K, Rüdel R. Periodic paralysis: understanding channelopathies. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 22 Ca 2+ channelopathies GeneChannelDisease MuscleCACNA1S  subunit of Ca V 1.1 HypoK periodic paralysis Malignant hyperthermia RYR1Ryanodine receptor (sarcoplasmic channel) Malignant hyperthermia Central core disease NeuronalCACNA1A  1 subunit of Ca V 2.1 (P/Q-type channel) Familial hemiplegic migraine Episodic ataxia type 2 Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 Absence epilepsy? (slideplayer.com)
  • Painful and painless channelopathies. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this review is to investigate whether potassium channelopathies are involved in the mechanisms responsible for ulceration that occurs throughout the GI tract . (bvsalud.org)
  • Andersen Tawil syndrome, the non-dystrophic myotonias, and the episodic ataxias are all rare forms of neurologic channelopathies. (fastercures.org)
  • Foremost among these genes are atypical myosins, connexins, and ion channelopathies. (bmj.com)
  • This series of landmark discoveries identified mutant ion channel genes and laid the groundwork for the field now called the 'channelopathies. (ucsf.edu)
  • Like other channelopathies , arrhythmias and symptoms typically occur at times of rest or sleep when vagal activity predominates. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The statement is directed to all health care professionals who are involved with genetic testing for channelopathies and cardiomyopathies. (hrsonline.org)
  • HRS/EHRA expert consensus statement on the state of genetic testing for the channelopathies and cardiomyopathies: this document was developed as a partnership between the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Muscle channelopathies are also frequently painful, which together with impaired physical ability, significantly impacts on quality of life. (bmj.com)
  • There are readily available symptomatic treatments for muscle channelopathies that can usually successfully ameliorate the burden of morbidity. (bmj.com)
  • Channelopathies of skeletal muscle excitability. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Nearly every aspect of ClC-2 is discussed in the review: molecular features, biophysical characteristics, pharmacological properties, cellular function, regulation of expression and function, and channelopathies. (mdpi.com)
  • 100-102 Advances in the molecular medicine of K ATP channelopathies thus are poised to offer new perspectives in the diagnosis and therapy of individuals and populations. (elsevier.com)
  • The discovery of the human genome has ushered in a new era of molecular testing, advancing our knowledge and ability to identify cardiac channelopathies. (cdc.gov)
  • Genetic Na+ channelopathies and sinus node dysfunction. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This multitude of potentially influential variables may explain the paroxysmal nature of many of the genetic channelopathies and their propensity to be precipitated by a variety of factors. (bmj.com)
  • Nurses are important members of many interdisciplinary teams and must have a general understanding of the pathophysiology of the most commonly encountered cardiac channelopathies, electrocardiogram characteristics, approaches to treatment, and care for patients and their families. (cdc.gov)
  • To fully realize the potential of induced pluripotent stem cells in elucidating the mechanistic basis and complex pathophysiology of channelopathies, it is crucial to have a basic knowledge of cardiac myocyte electrophysiology. (ovid.com)
  • Familial periodic paralyses are the prototypical channelopathies. (mhmedical.com)
  • For most channelopathies the therapy is mainly empirical and symptomatic, often limited by lack of efficacy and tolerability for a significant number of patients. (nih.gov)