Chamaecyparis: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE which should not be confused with other cedar and cypress trees of THUJA or CUPRESSUS genera.Cupressaceae: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.Thuja: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE.Tropolone: A seven-membered aromatic ring compound. It is structurally related to a number of naturally occurring antifungal compounds (ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS).Pteridophyta: An extremely diverse group of approximately 12,000 species of FERNS and so-called fern allies.New York CityFerns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)PicratesButylated Hydroxytoluene: A di-tert-butyl PHENOL with antioxidant properties.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Benzoyl Peroxide: A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.Free Radical Scavengers: Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.Cupressus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. Cypress ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.Cyprus: An island republic in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Nicosia. It was colonized by the Phoenicians and ancient Greeks and ruled successively by the Assyrian, Persian, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires. It was under various countries from the 12th to the 20th century but became independent in 1960. The name comes from the Greek Kupros, probably representing the Sumerian kabar or gabar, copper, famous in historic times for its copper mines. The cypress tree is also named after the island. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p308 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p134)Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Laurencia: A genus of RED ALGAE in the family Rhodomelaceae. Some species are a rich source of chlorine-and bromine-containing metabolites which show significant antibacterial activity.JapanNeedles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Nymph: The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Pulsatilla: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain cernuosides and other oleanane and hederagenin saponins.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.MissouriNature: The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Acer: A plant genus of the family ACERACEAE, best known for trees with palmately lobed leaves.Decision Trees: A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).Furylfuramide: Used formerly as antimicrobial food additive. It causes mutations in many cell cultures and may be carcinogenic.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Thauera: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria able to anaerobically oxidize and degrade toluene.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Investigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)South CarolinaLight: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.North CarolinaAgrostis: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.

Studies on constituents from Chamaecyparis pisifera and antibacterial activity of diterpenes. (1/20)

In the course of our research for biologically active constituents from coniferous plants, a chromone derivative (1) and an abietane derivative (2) were isolated along with several diterpenes from Chamaecyparis pisifera. Structures of the new compounds were determined to be 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(1-acetyl-2-methoxycarbonylethyl)-chromone and rel-(8R,10R,20S)-8,10,20-trihydroxy-9(10-->20)-abeo-abieta-9,13-dien-12-one by means of spectral methods including two-dimensional NMR experiments. Some of these abietane-type compounds isolated from this plants showed antibacterial activitv against the gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis.  (+info)

Changes in ABA turnover and sensitivity that accompany dormancy termination of yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) seeds. (2/20)

Yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis [D. Don] Spach) seeds exhibit prolonged coat-imposed dormancy following their dispersal from the parent plant. Analyses were undertaken using S-(+)-[(3)H] abscisic acid (ABA) to monitor the capacity of embryos to metabolize ABA following their isolation from seeds subjected to various dormancy-breaking and control treatments. Radiolabelled phaseic acid (PA) and dihydrophaseic acid (DPA) were detected in embryos and, to a greater extent in the surrounding media, by 48 h regardless of whether the embryos had been excised from seed previously subjected to only a 3 d soak or to a full dormancy-breaking treatment. Of the two enantiomers of ABA, only the natural S-(+)-ABA effectively inhibited germination of isolated embryos. A metabolism-resistant synthetic ABA analogue S-[8',8',8',9',9',9']-hexadeuteroabscisic acid, S-(+)-d6-ABA, consistently slowed the germination rate of excised embryos to a greater extent than that caused by natural S-(+)-ABA. The deuterium-labelled ring methyl groups of the analogue made it more resistant to oxidation by yellow-cedar embryos and thus rendered the analogue more persistent and possessing greater activity. With increasing time of exposure to moist chilling, yellow-cedar embryos became increasingly insensitive to both ABA and to the analogue. Subjecting seed to chemical treatments (GA(3) in combination with 1-propanol) prior to moist chilling strongly enhanced the germinability of whole seeds. This treatment also had a relatively greater impact on ABA metabolism than did moist chilling alone, as indicated by a greater capacity of S-(+)-d6-ABA to inhibit the germination of embryos as compared to S-(+)-ABA. Moist chilling was most critical for reduced ABA sensitivity of embryos. A change in the embryo's ability to metabolize ABA and reduced embryo sensitivity to ABA are two factors associated with dormancy termination of whole seeds of yellow cedar; a change in only one of these factors is insufficient to elicit high germinability.  (+info)

Linking deer browsing and terpene production among genetic identities in Chamaecyparis nootkatensis and Thuja plicata (Cupressaceae). (3/20)

To investigate whether differential herbivore browsing reflects genetic variation in plant defense expression, variation in needle terpenes and damage caused by black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus) was analyzed on yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata). In a 100-genet yellow-cedar population, three genets that were heavily browsed and had extremely low levels of monoterpenes (0-0.36% dry matter), sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes were compared to unbrowsed genets (0.85-3.83% monoterpenes in dry matter). These differences were maintained in individuals protected from browsing, suggesting genetically based variation in constitutive terpene production. In western redcedar, heavily browsed trees had significantly lower total monoterpene concentrations (1.69% dry matter) than lightly browsed trees (3.32% dry matter). One heavily browsed tree expressed no monoterpenes. No differences were found for diterpenes. In both species, the genotypes with extremely low monoterpene concentrations came from the same open-pollinated families.  (+info)

Novel diterpenes from the heartwood of Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana. (4/20)

Two novel diterpenes, obtusanal B (1) and obtusadione (2), along with obtusanal A (3), obtunone (4), 12-hydroxy-6,7-secoabieta-8,11,13-triene-6,7-dial, 8,12-dihydroxydielmentha-5,9-diene-7,11-dione and myrcene, isolated from the heartwood of Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana, were characterized by spectroscopic means, including 2D-NMR techniques. Compounds 1 and 2 are 7(6-->2)abeoabietane and 14(8-->9)abeoabietane type diterpenes, respectively. Their biosyntheses were proposed.  (+info)

Genetic diversity and the genetic structure of natural populations of Chamaecyparis obtusa: implications for management and conservation. (5/20)

We investigated 25 natural populations of Chamaecyparis obtusa using 51 cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers, which were developed using information on sequence-tagged sites (STS) in Cryptomeria japonica. Most CAPS markers have codominant expression patterns, and are suitable for population studies because of their robustness and convenience. We estimated various genetic diversity parameters, including average heterozygosity (H(e)) and allelic richness and found that the more peripheral populations tended to have lower genetic diversity than central populations, in agreement with a previous theoretical study. The overall genetic differentiation between populations was low, but statistically significant (G(ST)=0.039), and similar to the level reported in a previous allozyme study. We attempted to detect non-neutral loci associated with local adaptation to clarify the relationship between the fixation index (F(ST)) and H(e) values for each locus and found seven candidates non-neutral loci. Phylogenetic tree analysis of the populations and Bayesian clustering analysis revealed a pattern of gradually increasing isolation of populations with increasing geographical distance. Three populations had a high degree of linkage disequilibrium, which we attribute to severe bottlenecks due to human disturbance or competition with other species during their migration from refugia after the most recent glaciation. We concluded that the small populations in western Japan and in Kanto district are more important, from a conservation perspective, than the populations in central Japan, due to their genetic divergence, relatively small sizes and restricted areas.  (+info)

Neurite outgrowth-promoting active constituents of the Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa). (6/20)

In the screening of biologically active constituents from woody plants, the methanol extract of leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa showed potent neurite outgrowth-promoting activity in neuronal PC12 cells. The ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of the methanol extract showed potent activity and was separated by means of various chromatographic methods to give the two new compounds 1 and 2, as well as 11 known lignan and sesquiterpene derivatives. The structures of the new compounds were determined to be 9-O-acetyldihydrosesamin (1) and 9-O-(11-hydroxyeudesman-4-yl)dihydrosesamin (2), respectively, in NMR studies including 2D-NMR experiments. Of the 13 compounds, the known compound hinokinin (5) and the new compound 2 showed potent neurite outgrowth-promoting activity in PC 12 cells.  (+info)

Chitin synthase 2 inhibitory activity of O-methyl pisiferic acid and 8,20-dihydroxy-9(11),13-abietadien-12-one, isolated from Chamaecyparis pisifera. (7/20)

In the course of search for potent chitin synthase inhibitors from plant extracts, the chitin synthase 2 inhibitors, O-methyl pisiferic acid and 8,20-dihydroxy-9(11),13-abietadien-12-one which have diterpene skeleton, were isolated from the leaves of Chamaecyparis pisifera. These compounds inhibited chitin synthase 2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the IC50 values of 5.8 and 226.4 microM, respectively. Especially, O-methyl pisiferic acid showed 15.3-fold stronger inhibitory activity than polyoxin D (IC50=88.6 microM), a well-known chitin synthase inhibitor. These compounds exhibited weaker inhibitory activities against chitin synthase 1 than chitin synthase 2, whereas it showed no inhibitory activity for chitin synthase 3. The compound exhibited mixed competitive inhibition with respect to UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine as substrate (Ki=5 microM). These results indicated that O-methyl pisiferic acid is a specific inhibitor of chitin synthase 2. The compound also inhibited chitin synthase 1 of Candida albicans, which represents analogues to chitin synthase 2 of S. cerevisiae, with an IC50 of 75.6 microM, which represents 1.8-fold weaker activity than that of polyoxin D. Although O-methyl pisiferic acid has been reported for antibacterial and insecticidal activities, the present study is the first report on its inhibitory activity against chitin synthase 2.  (+info)

Characterization of pollen dispersion in the neighborhood of Tokyo, Japan in the spring of 2005 and 2006. (8/20)

The behavior of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) pollens in an urban area was examined through the measurements of the dispersion characteristics at the various sampling locations in both outdoor and indoor environments. Airborne pollens were counted continuously for three months during the Japanese cedar pollen and Japanese cypress seasons in 2005 and 2006 by the use of Durham's pollen trap method in and around Tokyo, Japan. The dispersion of pollens at the rooftop of Kyoritsu Women's University was observed to be at extremely high levels in 2005 compared with previously reported results during the past two decades. As for Japanese cedar pollen, the maximum level was observed as 440 counts cm(-2) day(-1) on 18 March 2005. Japanese cypress pollen dispersed in that area in the latter period was compared with the Japanese cedar pollen dispersions. The maximum dispersion level was observed to be 351 counts cm(-2) day(-1) on 7 April 2005. Total accumulated dispersions of Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress pollens were 5,552 and 1,552 counts cm(-2) for the three months (Feb., Mar. and Apr.) in 2005, respectively. However, the dispersion of both pollens in 2006 was very low. The total accumulated dispersions of Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress pollens were 421 and 98 counts cm(-2) for three months (Feb., Mar. and Apr.) in 2006, respectively. Moreover, the pollen deposition on a walking person in an urban area showed that the pollen counts on feet were observed to be extremely high compared with the ones on the shoulder, back and legs. These findings suggested that pollen fell on the surface of the paved road at first, rebounded to the ambient air and was deposited on the residents again. Furthermore, the regional distribution of the total pollen dispersion in the South Kanto area was characterized on 15-16 March 2005 and on 14-15 March 2006. Although the pollen levels in 2005 were much higher than in 2006, it was commonly observed that higher pollen counts existed in the outlying areas. That is, the pollen counts in an urban area were confirmed to be at a lower level. As for the indoor dispersion of pollens, two cases were evaluated. At the lobby of the main building of Kyoritsu Women's University, the averaged ratio of the indoor to the outdoor pollen count is 4.1%. Another case was at the hospital building of a medical school. The pollen dispersion in the indoor environment was also observed to be low. It was concluded that the indoor pollen would be mainly carried from the outer environment by the movement of air.  (+info)

To date, Korean hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), has been widely used for household and commercial purposes. Although the medicinal efficacy of hinoki cypress essential oil has been observed, that of the essential oil‑derived terpenes, which exhibit a mechanism that acts against lung inflammation, remains to be fully elucidated. The present study investigated the anti‑inflammatory effect of hinoki cypress leaf extracted essential oil on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑stimulated WI38 fibroblast cells by inhibiting the nuclear factor κ‑light‑chain‑enhancer of activated B cells (NF‑κB) pathway, which exhibited lung tissue protection through the olfactory administration of essential oil in Sprague‑Dawley rats. GC/MS analysis derived 24 terpenes from the essential oil. The morphological observations revealed that, upon LPS stimulation of WI38 fibroblast cells, inflammation was induced, whereas the condition of the cells reverted to normal in the essential oil extract pre‑treated ...
Chamaecyparis pisifera, commonly known as Sawara cypress, is a large, pyramidal, evergreen conifer that grows in the wild to 50-70 (infrequently to 150) tall with a trunk diameter to 5. In cultivation, it more typically matures to a much smaller 20-30 tall. It is naive to the Japanese islands of Honshu and Kyushu. Fine-textured medium green needles are tinted white beneath. Cones are small (1/4" across) and ornamentally insignificant, appearing glaucous green during summer before turning black-brown when ripe. Reddish brown bark peels in strips. Species plants are rarely sold in commerce, but a large number of more compact cultivars including some dwarfs are available for purchase. Three well known forms of C. pisifera are: (1) C. pisifera f. filifera (threadbranch sawara cypress featuring drooping, whip or cord-like branches covered primarily with scale-like adult leaves), (2) C. pisifera f. plumosa (plume sawara cypress featuring feathery, airy and ferny branches covered with part ...
This dwarf cultivar Split rock has blue foliage. It typically has blunt, paired leaves with X markings underneath. This plant enjoys full sun and moist soil in a cooler climate. Good plant for landscape use. C. obtusa is a medium large evergreen, under cultivation it usually does not exceed 40 to 50 feet tall,
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph is a very slow growing, globose to dwarf conical selection of Lawson cypress with soft, gray-green juvenile foliage. Beca…
The bark of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray) Parl. was extracted with methanol and sequentially partitioned with n-hexane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and deionized water. The antioxidant activities of the four extracts were evaluated using the DPPH• and ABTS+• methods. The total phenolic content of the extracts was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu method and expressed as gallic acid equivalents (GAE). Butylated hydroxytoluene was used as a positive control in the radical-scavenging activity tests. All the bark extracts showed significant radical-scavenging activity. In the ABTS+• assay, n-butanol extracts exhibited the strongest radical-scavenging activity, followed by ethyl acetate, water, and n-hexane extracts. The greatest total phenolic content was 428.54 mg GAE per gram of dry extract and was detected in the n-butanol extract, followed by the ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts. The antioxidant activities correlate with the amount of phenolics present in these extracts. The ...
This attractive dwarf cultivar Joan O.has a cone-like shape and green foliage. It typically has blunt, paired leaves with X markings underneath. This plant
Alcohol, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Water, Zinc Oxide (Ci 77947), Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Salicylic Acid, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Leaf Extract, Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil, Madecassoside, Allium Sativum (Garlic) Bulb Extract, Ampelopsis Japonica Root Extract, Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract, Carica Papaya (Papaya) Fruit Extract, Glycoproteins, Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Seed Extract, Mannitol, Saururus Chinensis Extract, Silica, Ammonium Glycyrrhizate, Water, Zinc Gluconate, Caffeine, Colloidal Sulfur, Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate, Iron Oxides (Ci 77491), Fragrance. ...
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Color and texture are also key features to keep in mind when choosing your conifers. Although green, blue, and gray dominate the conifer color palette, other selections provide vibrant golds and silvers. Some gardeners prefer to stick to a palette of cool hues, others find the addition of even a single gold or silver plant enlivens the bed. Blues show up in surprisingly diverse tones. Picture the rough textured, glaucous blue of Juniperus squamata Blue Star compared to the silky, richer blue of the columnar Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Blue Surprise. There are surprisingly good selections of silver and gold options. Chamaecyparis pisifera Snow showcases silvery tips on new growth, while C. lawsoniana Barrys Silver positively glows, providing an attractive focal point among softer hues. Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Treasure Island adds an upright splash of gold to any bed, while Cedrus deodara Feelin Sunny offers a brilliant golden cascading habit.. Certain selections change color depending ...
Amentoflavone is a biflavonoid (bis-apigenin coupled at 8 and 3 positions, or 3′,8′′-biapigenin) constituent of a number of plants including Ginkgo biloba, Chamaecyparis obtusa (hinoki), Hypericum perforatum (St. Johns Wort) and Xerophyta plicata. Amentoflavone can interact with many medications by being a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9, which are enzymes responsible for the metabolism of some drugs in the body. It is also an inhibitor of human cathepsin B. Amentoflavone has a variety of in vitro activities including antimalarial activity, anticancer activity (which may, at least in part, be mediated by its inhibition of fatty acid synthase), and antagonist activity at the κ-opioid receptor (Ke = 490 nmol L−1) as well as activity at the allosteric benzodiazepine site of the GABAA receptor as a negative allosteric modulator. Apigenin Pan X, Tan N, Zeng G, Zhang Y, Jia R (2005). "Amentoflavone and its derivatives as novel natural inhibitors of human Cathepsin B". Bioorg. Med. ...
There are many dwarf conifers that will surely fit the bill! Im glad you said preferably evergreen! As luck would have it this summer, I put together a very nice half whiskey barrel filled with different shapes and sizes of dwarf evergreens for one of my best friends as a birthday present. I chose the following specimens, you could put together a similar grouping (although you would need a larger container than what you describe above), or choose a single variety for your 2 pot. Here they are: Picea abies Little Gem, reaches a height of approx. 1 ft. with similar spread; Picea glauca Rainbows End (also known as Dwarf Gold Tipped Alberta Spruce), grows to 3-4; and, a variety of "Creeping Juniper" (Juniperus horizontalis) known as Mother Lode, it is only about 3" high, has a ground cover habit and should eventually spill over the sides. These should all do well in your zone and lighting conditions. You could also consider Chamaecyparis obtusa Nana Lutea, Dwarf Canadian Hemlock, or ...
Water, Alcohol, Methylpropanediol, Propanediol, Betaine, Sodium Polyacrylate, Pentylene Glycol, Peg/Ppg-17/6 Copolymer, Piper Methysticum Leaf/Root/Stem Extract, Portulaca Oleracea Extract, Pueraria Thunbergiana Root Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Paeonia Lactiflora Root Extract, Cnidium Officinale Root Extract, Origanum Vulgare Leaf Extract, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Leaf Extract, Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract, Ulmus Davidiana Root Extract, Lactobacillus/Soybean Ferment Extract, Cinnamomum Cassia Bark Extract, Amaranthus Caudatus Seed Extract, Scutellaria Baicalensis Root Extract, Gossypium Herbaceum (Cotton) Extract, Soluble Collagen, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil, Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil, Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil, Sodium Hyaluronate, Butylene Glycol, Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/Vp ...
Water, Butylene Glycol, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Dipropylene Glycol, Urea, Glycereth-26, Biosaccharide Gum-1, Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Water, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Methyl Trimethicone, Dicaprylyl Carbonate, Isoamyl P-Methoxycinnamate, Niacinamide, Titanium Dioxide, Cetearyl Alcohol, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Ophiopogon Japonicus Root Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Paeonia Albiflora Root Extract, Nelumbo Nucifera Seed Extract, Polygonatum Officinale Rhizome/Root Extract, Lilium Tigrinum Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract, Rehmannia Chinensis Root Extract, Chrysanthemum Morifolium Flower Extract, Paeonia Suffruticosa Root Extract, Citrus Unshiu Peel Extract, Adenophora Stricta Root Extract, Lycium Chinense Root Extract, Coix Lacryma-Jobi Ma-Yuen Seed Extract, Angelica Tenuissima Root Extract, Honey, Prunus Mume Fruit Extract, Oldenlandia Diffusa Extract, Hydrolyzed Ginseng Saponins, Chaenomeles Sinensis Fruit Extract, Pinus ...
Mau cerita sedikit ya sebelum review. Jadi sebelum membeli bedak ini aq sempat bingung banget mau Etude Zero Sebum atau Innisfree No Sebum Mineral Powder, karena dari review yang aq baca, keduanya sama bagusnya dan hampir sama hasilnya juga, setelah semedi dan kebetulan yang ada ready stocknya Etude ini, jadinya pilihanku jatohnya ke Etude Zero…
Preliminary Catalogue of Anthophyta and Pteridophyta, reported as growing spontaneously within one hundred miles of New York City 71 (1888 ...
Typically made of Sawara Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera), the sushi rice mixing tub is lightweight, has no coating, and absorbs excess moisture while mixing sushi vinegar into steamed rice. Tubs or bowls made of other materials are OK, but handai/hangiri is well worth the investment to easily prepare sushi rice with just the right of moisture without rice becoming soggy or the surface being too sticky. Some handai/hangiri come with a lid of the same material, yet lid-less design is more common. To cover sushi rice in handai/hangiri, a moistened (well-wrung) towel works just fine (and is better than non-wood hard materials ...
Conifer Trees found in: Juniperus horizontalis Plant - Pancake, Platycladus or. Plant - Aurea Nana (Thuja), Chamaecyparis pisifera Plant - Teddy Bear,..
Suggestions include Calocedrus decurens (incense cedar), Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Port Orford Cedar), or Cupressus (cypress). These conifers are evergreen and do not require shearing to maintain their shape. Mid-sized evergreens such as Thuja (arborvitae) or columnar Junipers Also grow well in your area, as do Viburnum, Berberis (Barberry), Salal, Privet, or evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum). Good luck with your landscaping project ...
Reference: 2014314. A Lawsons cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) suspected to be infected with Phytophthora lateralis standing next to healthy Lawsons cypress trees in Balloch Castle Country Park, West Dunbartonshire, ...
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The Botryosphaeriaceae is a diverse family of endophytes and fungal pathogens of mainly woody plants. We considered the host range and distribution of these fungi by sampling diseased ornamental and forest trees and shrubs in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, spanning a Mediterranean and a Continental climatic region. In total, ten Botryosphaeriaceae species were identified in the Western Balkans and with the exception of Sphaeropsis visci and Phaeobotryon cupressi, which occurred on one host, all the species had a broader host range. Phaeobotryon cupressi was found only in the Mediterranean region and S. visci, Dothiorella sp., Dothiorella sarmentorum and Diplodia seriata were present only in the Continental region. Pathogenicity tests were conducted on a variety of hosts from which the Botryosphaeriaceae species were isolated. These included leaves and/or stems of seedlings of 21 hosts, and cut leaves and/or branches of six hosts. Moreover, stems of seedlings of Chamaecyparis ...
RENEGADE GARDENER™ The lone voice of horticultural reason Shrubs, Shrubs, Shrubs, Shrubs, Shrubs! 9-3-06 - Talking with a prospective client several years ago as we walked his newly acquired property in spring, he said something that crystallized in my mind just how long - and wide - is the learning curve for landscape design. Heres a good shrub for narrow spaces: Chamaecyparis thyoides Heather Bun You see, there are four terrific reasons why you dont plant a single string of bleeding heart along the front of a house and rely on them as the sole plants in the foundation planting. First, bleeding heart blooms for about three, sometimes four weeks, gorgeous, you bet, but then its done. He didnt know that, and assumed that this colorful knockout would be in bloom from spring to frost. Second, bleeding heart foliage, also very attractive in spring, tends to look like hell by about August 1st, unless you keep plants well watered, and even then, during very hot summers, plants can wither away and die
Haga clic aquí para imágenes de Chlidanthus! Usted también puede encontrar imágenes de Cocos, Chamaecyparis, Chamaedorea, Cissus.
Page contains details about pranlukast hydrate nanopowder dispersion . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
T. Sone, K. Dairiki, K. Morikubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tsunoo, T. Mori, and K. Kino, Identification of human T cell epitopes in Japanese cypress pollen allergen, Cha o 1, elucidates the intrinsic mechanism of cross-allergenicity between Cha o 1 and Cry j 1, the major allergen of Japanese cedar pollen, at the T cell level. Clin. Exp. Allergy 2005, 35, 664-671 ...
One suggested approach to converting even-aged northern hardwoods to an uneven-aged condition is the use of small-patch harvests to initiate new regeneration of desired species. Past experience indicates that such harvests may be less successful in second-growth, even-aged stands than in olderstands due to the abundance of sprouts and noncommercial species. Remeasurement of 47-yr-old patch harvests, applied to a 70-yr-old even aged stand, growing on a beech-red maple site in New Hampshire showed that paper and yellow birch dominated the regeneration composition of patch centers. ...
We found significantly higher concentrations of MCP-1 (p,0.0001), MCP-3 (p=0.018) and RANTES (p,0.0001) in nasal fluid of asthmatic CPRS patients compared to non-asthmatic. In non-asthmatic patients, we found positive correlation between MIP-1alpha levels and nasal symptom score, at the 0.01 level (p=0.01). Therefore, the concentrations of RANTES were positive correlated with nasal symptom score, nasal endoscopic score, CT score, and eosinophil counts (p=0.01). On the other hand, in asthmatic patients, the concentrations of MCP-1 were associated with nasal symptom score, nasal endoscopic score, Lund-Mackay score, and percentage of eosinophils (p=0.01). The concentration of RANTES in asthmatic CPRS patients also correlate with all clinical parameters, and with degree of eosinophilia (p=0.01). ...
In western North America, Port Orford-cedar ([5]) and Yellow-cedar ([6]) both show evidence of decline due to biotic and abiotic stresses. These species have exceptional ecological and economic value, and conservation of genetic resources is a focus of USFS activities (see the Dorena Genetic Resource Center ([7]). We are developing microsatellite markers for these species using Multiplexed Sequencing-by-Synthesis ([8]). Our experience shows this to be an efficient, inexpensive, and rapid way to identify tens of thousands of microsatellite-containing sequences. Microsatellites are being used to define spatial genetic structure and characterize valuable resistant breeding materials in these species. ...
Environment Canada. 2011. Recovery Strategy for the Blunt-lobed Woodsia (Woodsia obtusa) in Canada [Proposed]. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Environment Canada, Ottawa.
A strategic approach to collecting, managing, analyzing and using information will make a major contribution to our understanding and wise use of the natural environment and its resources. The good news is that, with exceptions, we have more or less enough data and almost the right kind of technology to make it possible. The explosion of the Internet and the increasing development of databases, information networks and inter-agency partnerships represent impressive progress. The not-so-good news is that many efforts are transient and fragmented, and we lack the ongoing institutional commitments and the necessary policies, protocols and standards to put the (largely) existing building blocks together. The key transition from a science-oriented supply-side to a user-oriented demand-driven approach is also proving to be a major challenge. All too often, our information systems are failing to provide relevant, timely information in a form that others can use. It is becoming increasingly clear ...
Download this Senior Man At Breast Stroke photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from iStock.
47. Eleocharis obtusa (Willdenow) Schultes, Mant. 2: 89. 1824. Blunt spike-rush, éléocharide obtuse Scirpus obtusus Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1: 76. 1809; Eleocharis obtusa var. ellipsoidales Fernald; E. obtusa var. gigantea Fernald; E. obtusa var. jejuna Fernald; E. obtusa var. peasei Svenson. Culms 3-50(-90) cm × 0.2-2 mm. Leaves: apex of distal leaf sheath obtuse to acute, tooth to 0.3 mm. Spikelets broadly ovoid (to ellipsoid or lanceoloid), apex rounded (to acute), (2-)5-13 × (2-)3-4 mm; floral scales 15-150+, 8-20 per mm of rachilla, orange-brown (to stramineous), elliptic, 1.5-2.5 × 1-1.5 mm, midribs seldom keeled, apex broadly rounded. Flowers: perianth bristles (5-)6-7, rarely 0, brown, stout, slightly to usually greatly exceeding tubercle; stamens usually 3; anthers brown to yellow, 0.3-0.6 mm; styles usually 3-fid and 2-fid in same spikelet. Achenes 0.9-1.2(-1.3) × 0.7-0.9 mm. Tubercles deltoid 0.35-0.5 × (0.4-)0.5-0.8 mm, 1/3-2/3 as high as wide, 1/3-1/2 as high and 2/3-9/10 as ...
16. Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) J.A. Schultes NC. blunt spikesedge. 16a. Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) J.A. Schultes var. jejuna Fern.; E. ovata (Roth) Roemer & J.A. Schultes var. obtusa (Willd.) Kükenth.; Scirpus obtusus Willd. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Low, wet areas, pond shores, river shores (these rarely tidal), meadows, disturbed wetlands.. 1a. Perianth bristles numbering 5-7 per achene, retrorsely barbellate, exceeding the combined length of the achene body and tubercle … 16a. E. obtusa var. obtusa. 1b. Perianth bristles lacking or, if present, numbering 2-4, smooth, and shorter than the achene body … 16b. E. obtusa var. peasei Svens.. Variety obtusa is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Variety peasei is known from ME, NH and is of conservation concern. It is usually found on sandy pond shores and tidal river flats (i.e., places where the water level might fluctuate tremendously daily or seasonally).. ...
Atlantic White Cedar. The Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) of southeastern Virginia pocosins is a medium-sized conifer with lightweight wood used in shipbuilding and house shingles. The wood is resonant and was once used to make organ pipes. Many people are more familiar with the horticultural varieties of white cedar known as arborvitae, valued for their beauty, resistance to diseases and pests, and aromatic quality.
Resumo: No presente trabalho foi determinada a composicao quimica do oleo essencial das partes aereas de Manekia obtusa e das folhas e galhos de Piper cubataonum, atraves de CG-EM e CG~CG. A analise por CG-EM revelou para o oleo essencial de M. obtusa 22 constituintes, sendo majoritariamente formado por sesquiterpenos oxigenados. Para o oleo essencial das folhas e galhos de P. cubataonum, foi possivel identificar 14 e 20 constituintes, respectivamente, sendo que ambos os oleos apresentam os alilfenois, dilapiol e apiol, como majoritarios. Atraves da analise por CG~CG, foi possivel caracterizar 128 constituintes diferentes dos tres oleos essenciais analisados, sendo 80 constituintes nas partes aereas de M. obtusa, 57 e 66 constituintes nas folhas e galhos de P. cubataonum, respectivamente. Realizou-se o estudo fitoquimico do extrato diclorometanico das partes aereas de M. obtusa, resultando no isolamento de cinco substancias: duas amidas, aegelina (MO 1) e cinamamida (MO 2), uma mistura dos ...
Analysis of induced sputum has revealed that there is an increase in the number of neutrophils of nearly twofold in patients with non-asthmatic chronic dry cough of all causes compared with normal subjects. In addition, the levels of TNF-α and IL-8, the two cytokines usually associated with neutrophils in terms of their production and effects, were significantly increased in induced sputum. This was also found in the subgroup of patients with idiopathic cough. Our results indicate that there is a predominant neutrophilic inflammation in the airways of patients with chronic dry cough, together with the release of neutrophil associated cytokines.. Evidence of airway inflammation in patients with a similar spectrum of cough has been previously reported.9 Bouletet al showed no consistent differences in the cellular constituents of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with non-asthmatic chronic dry cough but examination of bronchial biopsy specimens showed increased epithelial desquamation and ...
This research aimed to evaluate soil physicochemical properties in soil depth( 0 ~ 10 cm,10 ~ 30 cm and 30 ~ 60cm) and their relations with stand growth traits under different densities of Mongolian pine plantation in Southern Mu Us desert. The results showed that higher total porosity,capillary porosity and stronger water holding capacity were found in PⅧand PⅦ. While there were obvious differences in water holding capacity among all plots. All soil depths of PⅧand PⅪwere found higher in total N,P,hydrolysable N and available P,and had significant differences compared to other plots. But no differences were found in total K and p H values among all plots. There were higher concentration of organic matter in PⅠ,PⅣ,PⅥ,PⅧ,PⅩand PⅪ. Frequency analysis and Pearson analysis results showed that most of chemicals had good supporting effect on stand growth such as tree height,diameter at breast height. Considering above,for suitable planting density,PⅧwas better to play its ecological
Ecologists have recently interpreted patterns of phylogenetic distance among coexisting species as indicative of processes affecting community assembly during forest succession. We investigated plant community phylogenetic structure along a successional gradient in New Guinean lowland rain forest. We surveyed all trees with diameter at breast height ≥ 5 cm in nineteen 0.25 ha plots representing younger secondary, older secondary, and primary forest. We estimated plant community phylogeny from rbcL gene sequences to quantify change in phylogenetic structure during succession. Mean phylogenetic distance among co-occurring trees increased with total basal area per plot, a proxy for forest age. Significant phylogenetic clustering was detected in secondary forest whereas primary forest was significantly over-dispersed relative to null expectations. We examined the sensitivity of these patterns to various methods of branch length estimation and phylogenetic uncertainty. Power to detect community ...
2. Materials and methods The study was carried out in the summers 1998 to 2000 at Hyytiälä Forestry Field Station of Helsinki University, which is located at Juupajoki municipality in central Finland (24° 17¢ N, 61° 50¢ ). A small scale inventory of disease were made to get numerical data of disease incidence in 1998. Two 500-meter inventory lines were marked along two intersecting transacts near Hyytiälä Forestry Field Station, where mixed-age Norway spruce stands were growing. Five sample plots (radius = 5,64 m, 100 m2), 50 m apart, in both line were measured. Spruce tree diameter at breast height and the occurrence of C. abietis was assessed. The spruce seedlings (, 4 cm bhd) were assessed diseased or healthy. The criteria for fungal infection was to detect any yellow pustule of C. abietis on Norway spruce needles. Five random sample trees were selected for assessing the infection rate of last-year needles. The five sample trees were chosen by standard of the mean diameter of the ...
Previously it was impractical to use neutrophils, as it required a fair amount of blood, according to a statement from the University of Wisconsin, from which some of the researchers hail. But the new device, which is made of cheap plastic, can detect the speed at which the white blood cells are moving, and then automatically come up with a diagnosis. "The device can sort neutrophils from a drop of whole blood within minutes, and was used in a clinical setting to characterize asthmatic and non-asthmatic patients," the researchers wrote in the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...
Previously it was impractical to use neutrophils, as it required a fair amount of blood, according to a statement from the University of Wisconsin, from which some of the researchers hail. But the new device, which is made of cheap plastic, can detect the speed at which the white blood cells are moving, and then automatically come up with a diagnosis. "The device can sort neutrophils from a drop of whole blood within minutes, and was used in a clinical setting to characterize asthmatic and non-asthmatic patients," the researchers wrote in the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...
Professor Kruckeberg in his The Natural History of the Puget Sound Region says the drainage of the Skykomish River affords a superlative example of micro-habitats over minimal horizontal distances. "Slope and compass exposure create particular environments that define the character of the plant cover.". So from this elevation from 500 feet to 2000 feet, generally considered the Western Hemlock zone, what might our trio find for us if we journey with them? From the town of Index itself and up the North Fork Skykomish River the trees are mostly second growth trees but go to stands of 80-years old predominating with an abundance of Big-leaf maple, Black cottonwood, and Red alder. In places pure stands of conifers reside, although there are mostly mixed stands of conifers. In the North Fork a population of Alaska yellow cedar is found at an unusually low elevation (600 feet) near the mouth of Lewis Creek. At the same elevation an occasional Grand fir and Spruce can be spotted. Western hemlock ...
Hinoki comes from Japanese cypress and has a rich, invigorating citrus aroma that can increase spiritual awareness. Try Young Living Hinoki oil today.
Blended with hiba (Japanese Cypress tree) oil, green tea, onsen water and sake. Cleanly removes oil and dirt without over-exfoliating.
This dataset includes retrospective measurements of white spruce branch extension growth (mm) made at breast height (4 measurements from each tree) during late August of 2008. Annual growth increments were identified using bud scars and measurements were made using digital calipers. The study includes 36 trees and 4 experimental treatments established in June of 2006 (i.e., n=9): control, fertilized, watered and fertilized x watered. Fertilized trees received 5 g N m-2 yr-1 applied as granular NH4NO3, 2 g P m-2 yr-1 applied as granular P2O5 and 4 g K m-2 yr-1 applied as granular K2O. The watering experiment was carried out using a passive throughfall displacement system that increased the size of each precipitation event (~2x). The study site is on a riverside terrace next to the Agashashok River, Noatak National Preserve, AK (67.477, -162.216). Coverage is from 2005-2008.. ...
Scientists from North America, Europe and China published a paper that reveals important details about key transitions in the evolution of plant life on our planet. From strange and exotic algae, trees and flowers growing deep in steamy rainforests to the grains and vegetables we eat and the ornamental plants adorning our homes, all plant life on Earth shares over a billion years of history.
Analysis of daily gene activation in a patient with severe Ebola virus disease cared for at the National Institutes of Health in 2015 found changes in antiviral and immune response genes that pinpointed key transition points in the response to...
Analysis of daily gene activation in a patient with severe Ebola virus disease cared for at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2015 found changes in antiviral and immune response genes that pinpointed key transition points in the response to infection. The changes included a marked decline in antiviral responses that correlated with clearance of virus from white blood cells. The analysis also showed that the preponderance of host responses shifted rapidly from activation of genes involved in cell damage and inflammation toward those linked to promotion of cellular and organ repair. ...
Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for pinelands and hammock edges in the lower Keys. Reported in 1918 by H.H.M. Bowman for the lower sandy Keys. We consider this native throughout the Florida Keys, but presumed extirpated in the lower sandy Keys ...
Mention of the Pinelands Biomass Project, a modest, 17-megawatt planned wood-burning electricity plant in Allendale, S.C., doesnt turn a lot of heads in Washington.
Sugars are the main carbon and energy source in cells, but they can also act as signaling molecules that affect the whole plant life cycle. Certain tissues can ...
Recombinant Cup a 1, the major allergen of Cupressus arizonica pollen, was shown to be highly homologous with the major allergens of Mountain cedar (Jun a 1), Japanese cypress (Cha o 1) and Japanese cedar (Cry j 1). As expected, the high degree of homology with Cha o 1, Jun a 1 and Cry j 1 explains the cross-reactivity of conifer pollens. Different IgE reactivity with the glycosylated and non-glycosylated protein suggests the importance of carbohydrate moieties in the IgE binding site (7, 8). In a mouse model, the common antigenicity at the T-cell level between Japanese cedar and cypress pollen allergens was demonstrated to be caused by the existence of an identitical-cell epitope in Cry j 1 and Cha o 1 (9). These studies also indicated that Cry j 1 and Cha o 1 share their B-cell epitope but not their T-cell epitope (10 ...
Nowadays, forest inventories are frequently carried out using a combination of field measurements and remote sensing data, often acquired with light detection and ranging (LiDAR) sensors. Several studies have investigated how three-dimensional laser scanning point clouds from different platforms can be used to acquire information traditionally collected with forest instruments, such as hypsometers and callipers to detect single-tree attributes like tree height and diameter at the breast height. The present study has tested the performances of the ZEB1 instrument, a type of hand-held mobile laser scanner, for single-tree attributes estimation in pure Castanea sativa Mill. stands cultivated for fruit production in Central Italy. In particular, the influence of walking scan path density on single-tree attributes estimation (number of trees, tree position, diameter at breast height, tree height, and crown base height) was investigated to test the efficiency of field measures. The point clouds were acquired
The New Jersey Pinelands are under attack from the southern pine beetle, as warmer temperatures (particularly in winter) have allowed ...
Xanthoceras sorbifolia is a deciduous tree species of Sapindaceae, with tree height up to 8 m, and DBH (diameter at breast height) up to 1 m, capsules of the species round, large and open up at mature. Trees are planted at 1 year old, start to flower next year and fruiting at the third year. At 5 years old, the proportion of fruiting trees can be up to over 95%. On slopes of barren mountains, production of fresh fruits can be more than 22,500 kg per ha, equivalent to more than 300 kg seeds, at 10 years old, seed production can be more than 10 kg per tree. The species is light preferring, drought and cold resistant, mainly grown in northeast and north China. The oil production from fruits with shells is 30%, and 65% from the pips ...
Assessing biodiversity and the spatial structures of forest ecosystems are important for forestry and nature conservation. However, tropical forests of Bangladesh are only sparsely investigated. Here we determined biodiversity (alpha, beta and gamma), spatial species turnover and stand characteristics of one of the few remnant tropical forests in Bangladesh. Two differently protected areas of Satchari forest were compared. We recorded tree species composition, in a systematic plot design, measured diameter at breast height for each individual tree (to assess basal area), and calculated decay in similarity of tree species composition with geographical distance. The distance-decay was assessed separately for the whole study area and for two subsamples from Satchari National Park and Satchari Reserve Forest. Satchari National Park (strictly protected) had, despite its smaller area, a higher Alpha and Gamma diversity, but a lower Beta diversity than Satchari Reserve Forest. Variation in species composition
I am a student of environmental sciences at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. I am working on a small project on sustainable use of the Norway spruce (Picea abies=Picea excelsa) for the production of firewood. To estimate the available wood in a stand I am lookin for a biomass table or a formula like y=b0 + b1*dbh^2 where y is the biomass of the tree and dbh is the diameter at breast height. I could find the information for Picea engelmanii but not for Picea abies. Thanks in advance Mathias Tobler ...
Hybrid poplars were planted in Rosholt Farm in Westport, Minnesota in the spring of years 1995 and 1997, containing 59 and 79 clones of hybrid poplars respectively. Both hybrid poplar sites totaling 2.82 ha were irrigated. The hybrid poplar cuttings (10 inches length) were planted at a 3.05 m x 3.05 m (10 x 10) spacing resulting in a stem area density of 1075 ha-1 (435 plants/acre).. The 1995 and 1997 hybrid poplars plantings were harvested using logging harvesting equipment in Winter 2008. Data collection focused on commercial clones such as NM6 (Populus nigra x P. maximowiczii), D105 (Populus deltoides) and DN34 (P. deltoides x P. nigra), which are preferred by landowners in Minnesota. Prior to harvesting, height and diameter of these clones were determined. Diameter at breast height (DBH) was measured to the nearest 0.1 cm on these clones. Collected diameter data were used to estimate biomass following destructive aboveground harvest of multiple hybrid poplar genotypes across numerous ...
We examined floristic patterns of ten seasonal semideciduous forest sites in southeastern Brazil and conducted a central sampling of one hectare for each site, where we took samples and identified all individual living trees with DBH (diameter at breast height, 1.30 m) ≥4.8 cm. Arboreal flora totaled 242 species, 163 genera, and 58 families. Fabaceae (38 species) and Myrtaceae (20 species) were families with the largest number of species. Only |i|Copaifera langsdorffii|/i| and |i|Hymenaea courbaril|/i| occurred at all sites. Multivariate analysis (detrended correspondence analysis and cluster analysis) using two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN) indicated the formation of a group containing seven fragments in which |i|Siparuna guianensis|/i| was the indicator species. This analysis revealed that similarities between studied fragments were due mainly to the successional stage of the community.
1 June 2017 - Evolva (SIX: EVE) confirms a media report stating that the Company is negotiating a sole-source contract with the US Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) to advance the development and EPA registration of Evolvas nootkatone product to help in the fight against the mosquitoes that transmit Zika virus. No further details can be provided at this time.. - ends -. About nootkatone Nootkatone is a citrus ingredient that is characteristically associated with grapefruit. It can be extracted in minute quantities from the skin of grapefruit or the bark of the Alaska yellow cedar (also known as the Nootka cypress), or produced on an industrial scale from brewing via yeast fermentation. Nootkatone is being tested against a variety of biting and nuisance pests, notably the ticks that are responsible for spreading Lyme disease, but also the mosquitoes contributing to the spread of Zika, chikungunya, dengue and West Nile viruses, as well as head lice, bed bugs, and ...
Contactins mediate cell surface interactions during nervous system development. Has some neurite outgrowth-promoting activity. May be involved in synaptogenesis.
The slow match attached to the lock of the matchlock gun was usually a length of hemp or flax cord [2] that had been chemically treated to make it burn slowly and consistently for an extended period.[1] In Japan, however, match cord was made from braiding together strands of bark from the Japanese cypress. The rate of burning was approximately 1 ft (305 mm) per hour. The British Army estimated that a single soldier on guard duty, for one year, could use an entire mile worth of match cord. In practical use on a matchlock, both ends of the match cord were often ignited, as the flash of gunpowder in the flash pan could often extinguish one end of the match cord, and the remaining end could then be used to reignite the firing end of the cord upon reloading the matchlock musket. To prevent dragging the match cord on the wet ground, a linstock was often carried and used, it being a forked wooden support inserted into the ground and used for holding the end of the match cord farthest removed from the ...
Description: River Otters are elusive denizens of Pine Barrens streams and wetlands. Happy in fresh and brackish waters, they most often are reported in the lower stretches of rivers flowing into the Atlantic coast estuaries. But they are also sometimes seen in cranberry bogs and reservoirs in the heart of the Pine Barrens. Otters have not been studied in the Pine Barrens. They once thrived throughout Canada and most of the United States, and while they have been extirpated in most of their historic range by humans, they are being reintroduced successfully in many places. Feeding mainly on fish, Otters will also eat shellfish, frogs and small mammals and birds. They are reported to enjoy blueberries. Given their secretive habits, one is far more likely to see otter-signs, such as the slides they wear in stream banks, than to catch sight of an otter itself.. Habitat: Found only in or near streams or lakes. Occasional in suitable Pine Barrens habitats. Tail thick at base. Webbed feet.. Body: 26 - ...
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Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys. Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for hammocks, pinelands and sand dunes throughout the Florida Keys. We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys ...
Flowering - July - October. Habitat - Dry pinelands, sandhills, scrub. Origin - Native to North America. Other information - This attractive species can be found in scattered counties of southern Alabama. The plant can be identified by its pubescent stems, deeply divided leaves, and zygomorphic yellow flowers ...
Eco & Wellness Vibe • Posted on by Todd Ballantine. Thats what Spanish explorers reportedly named Hilton Head Island-Isla de los Osos-when they sojourned the Port Royal Sound in the 1520s. And so began the legend that the Island and the Lowcountry were a primordial paradise populated by swamp dragons, stilt-legged prehistoric looking birds, and huge bigheaded fish that rose to the surface to breathe air. As late as the 1960s, wild turkeys roamed the pinelands and wild boar reaped havoc on lawns and fairways. And in the past 20 years new species of wildlife have arrived. Learning to coexist with residential critters is an everyday activity for coastal folk. But the interface of people and wildlife, sometimes inspiring, sometimes aggravating, challenges our role as stewards of natural resources here.. Read Article ...
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Brosimum alicastrum Sw. ssp. alicastrum, Prodr. 12. 1788.. Arboles hasta 30 ( 50) m de alto; plantas dioicas. Hojas elípticas o algo ovadas u obovadas, 4 20 cm de largo y 2 8 cm de ancho, ápice redondeado a agudo o largamente acuminado, base aguda o acuminada a obtusa o redondeada, glabras; estípulas 3 15 mm de largo, cicatrices rodeando casi totalmente al tallo. Inflorescencias solitarias o apareadas, subsésiles o con pedúnculo hasta 16 mm de largo, globosas a elipsoides; inflorescencias estaminadas 3 8 mm de diámetro, frecuentemente con 2 flores pistiladas centrales no funcionales, flores no estructuradas, con estambres individuales dispersos en el receptáculo; inflorescencias pistiladas 2 5 mm de diámetro, generalmente con 1 2 flores pistiladas funcionales. Frutos generalmente drupáceos, 1.5 2 cm de diámetro, amarillo-anaranjados cuando maduros.. Común en bosques deciduos y semiperennifolios de la zona pacífica y rara en bosques perennifolios de la zona atlántica; 0 800 m; fl y ...
I heard that the heat was on in Texas - I hope fall returns soon and stays on its next visit! Were having something of the same experience. We actually got a small amount of rain this weekend but the Santa Ana winds are set to return tomorrow, with temperatures expected to soar back into the 90s. As always I love your Barleria but I now at last I have a version of my own, Barleria obtusa. Its lower-growing than your B. cristata but the flowers and the spreading proclivities seem to be similar.. ReplyDelete ...
Question: What are the current firmware versions for the Cypress Neuron chips? Answer: Different chips have different system firmware versions:
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The price of oil fell Tuesday as Cyprus lawmakers rejected a measure to tax bank accounts as part of a bailout plan for its shriveled economy and worries persisted about Europes debt problems.
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The dominoes have begun to fall. Just when the euro thought it was safe to emerge from the three-year crisis (we saw the euro climb above 1.35 against the U.S. dollar), the worlds attention was seized by Cyprus.
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Cypress Energy Partners, L.P. (NYSE:CELP) today reported: $24.8 million of cash on hand as of March 31, 2017. 3.47x leverage ratio and 3.68x interest
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Helt enig med Ole Det er den temmelig sjældent selvsåede Alm. Thuja. Kun fundet i 20 ud af over 2000 AFD-ruder. På nærbillederne ser man de næsten leddelte kviste (som minder om en fladtrykt perlekæde) og den tydelige harpikskirtel på hvert (stort nok) skælblad. Nærbillederne bør i Galleriet. hilsen fra Henry ...
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The two more or less disjunct areas in which this species occurs: Pacific coastal mountains and Rocky Mountains, experience a different climate and therefore sustain different forest types. The mostly much wetter (winter rainfall, up to 6,600 mm p.a.) and milder coastal ranges support the tallest conifer forests in the world, with Sequoia sempervirens in the southern part exceeding 110 m and with Abies grandis to 80 m, A. procera 85 m, Picea sitchensis 87 m, Pinus lambertiana 75 m, Pseudotsuga menziesii 100 m, and Tsuga heterophylla to 80 m tall. Many of these trees also exceed any of their congeners elsewhere in overall size (Van Pelt 2001). Thuja plicata, with max. 75 m, is one of the longest-lived in these forests, with veteran trees often in excess of 1,000 years. Other conifers in these coastal forests are Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (extreme southern part of range), Xanthocyparis nootkatensis, Calocedrus decurrens, Abies amabilis, Pinus monticola, Tsuga mertensiana, and Taxus brevifolia in ...
Cypress pollen is another source of pollen coronae in Japan. However, the season of Japanese cypress pollen is almost same as that of our cedar pollen so that it is hard to distinguish its contribution from the cedar pollens contribution. (The amount of cypress pollen is less than cedar pollen ...
Chamaecyparis formosensis. Alishan National Scenic Area, Chiayi. Taiwan. Collapsed on July 1, 1997, following heavy rainstorms. ...
Christopher J. Earle (2011). "Chamaecyparis". The Gymnosperm Database. Retrieved 24 June 2012. Liguo Fu, Nan Li & Robert R. ...
"Chamaecyparis". Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Famlies. Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Fokienia hodginsii". IUCN Red ... Plants named Cypress Actinostrobus arenarius Austrocedrus chilensis Callitris preissii Chamaecyparis pisifera, bonsai Cupressus ... Chamaecyparis species), Asia and North America. Fujian cypress (Fokienia hodginsii), southeastern China Guaitecas cypress ( ...
Genetically Fokienia is much closer to Chamaecyparis, and not all researchers recognize Fokienia as a separate genus. The genus ... Christopher J. Earle (2011). "Chamaecyparis hodginsii". The Gymnosperm Database. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Conifer Specialist ... In its characteristics, Fokienia is intermediate between the genera of Chamaecyparis and Calocedrus. ...
"Chamaecyparis lawsoniana". Gymnosperm Database. "Interesting Tree Facts". United Nations Environment Programme. Archived from ...
Conifers - notably Abies (fir), Cedrus, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson's cypress), Cupressus (cypress), juniper, Picea ( ...
Port Orford cedar-Lawson cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana). *White fir (Abies concolor) - at high elevations ...
... yellow cedar Chamaecyparis obtusa - hinoki false cypress Chamaecyparis pisifera - sawara false cypress Chamaecyparis thyoides ... California incense cedar Chamaecyparis - false cypresses Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - Lawson false cypress; Port Orford cedar ... Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Nootka false cypress; Alaska cedar; ...
Broad-leaved plum yew Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Port Orford cedar Chamaecyparis obtusa, Hinoki cypress Cryptomeria japonica, ... alpina Chamaecyparis obtusa var. obtusa Cupressus arizonica var. glabra, Smooth Arizona cypress Cupressus lusitanica var. ...
Chinese plum yew Chamaecyparis pisifera, sawara cypress Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar Cunninghamia lanceolata, ... nana Chamaecyparis thyoides var. henryae, southern white cedar Cupressus lusitanica var. lusitanica Cupressus torulosa var. ...
Krauze-Baranowska, M.; Pobłocka, L.; El-Hela, A. A. (September-October 2005). "Biflavones from Chamaecyparis obtusa". Z. ... Hinokiflavone, a cytotoxic biflavonoid from Toxicodendron succedaneum, Juniperus sp., or Chamaecyparis obtusa (hinoki). ...
"Chamaecyparis obtusa (Mariesii Hinoki False Cypress)". www.backyardgardener.com. Retrieved 19 October 2008. "Dimerium abietis- ... Abies yessoensis Acer davidii Acer maximowiczianum Acer polymorphum Actinidia kolomikta Adiantum mariesii Chamaecyparis obtusa ...
Chamaecyparis and/or Thuja spp.), redwood (Sequoia sp.), and rare Ginkgo and sassafras (Sassafras hesperia) leaves. A ...
State champion trees - Loblolly Pine, Pinus taeda; and Hinoki False Cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa. Penn Treaty Elm - a ...
Oregon cedar ( Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ( A.Murray ) Parl. ) Prickly juniper ( Juniperus oxycedrus L. ) Many birds nest is the ...
Chamaecyparis Spach. *Fokienia A.Henry & H.H.Thomas. *Cupressus L. (sin. Callitropsis, × Cupressocyparis, Neocupressus, ...
... chamaecyparis (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.400.122.188.266 --- cupressus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
Transpiration of a 3-year-old Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl. stand before and after thinning. Tree Physiol. 2:105-114. François, F ...
1]. The larvae feed on Juniperus communis and Chamaecyparis. Fauna Europaea ^ The flight season refers to Belgium and The ...
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Cuppressaceae)". Economic Botany. 43 (3): 386-415. doi:10.1007/bf02858736. JSTOR 4255181. "Guyette and ...
The larvae feed on Chamaecyparis thyoides and Juniperus virginiana. Image Bug Guide Description of the Larval Stage. ...
The larvae feed on Chamaecyparis thyoides and Juniperus virginiana. "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern ...
The larvae feed on Cryptomeria japonica and Chamaecyparis obtusa. The larvae bore into the bark and feed on the phloem of a ...
It has also adapted to use Lawson cypress(Chamaecyparis spp.) as a host. In the United Kingdom it was formerly scarce and ...
Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) swamps occur along blackwater rivers. Pocosins are flat and damp, sandy, or peaty ...
Toners/Astringents Products Containing Chamaecyparis Obtusa Oil Brand. Cicago (1). isoi (1). ...
The bark of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray) Parl. was extracted with methanol and sequentially partitioned with n-hexane, ... Antioxidant activity of extracts from the bark of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murrary) Parl. Holzforschung, Vol. 60: 459-462. ... Ecology, pathology, and management of Port-Orford-Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana).. *Operational program to develop ... Antioxidant activity of extracts from the bark of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murrary) Parl. ...
This dwarf cultivar Hagueis spherical and is dark green in color. There is some brown coloration in the cold seasons. It typically has blunt, paired
This dwarf cultivar Split rock has blue foliage. It typically has blunt, paired leaves with X markings underneath. This plant enjoys full sun and moist soil in a cooler climate. Good plant for landscape use. C. obtusa is a medium large evergreen, under cultivation it usually does not exceed 40 to 50 feet tall,
This attractive dwarf cultivar Joan O.has a cone-like shape and green foliage. It typically has blunt, paired leaves with X markings underneath. This plant
Chamaecyparis pisifera, commonly known as Sawara cypress, is a large, pyramidal, evergreen conifer that grows in the wild to 50 ...
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph is a very slow growing, globose to dwarf conical selection of Lawson cypress with ... Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph / Ellwoods Nymph Lawson cypress. Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph is a ... Contribute your photos to Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph. Your Name. Email Address. Share Your Images of ... Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Nymph / Ellwoods Nymph Lawson cypress. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES:. 5 (-10 to -20 F / - ...
Park Y, Yoo SA, Kim WU, Cho CS, Woo JM and Yoon CH: Anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils extracted from Chamaecyparis ... Ikei H, Song C and Miyazaki Y: Physiological effects of touching hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa). J Wood Sci. 64:226-236 ... Ikei H, Song C and Miyazaki Y: Physiological effect of olfactory stimulation by Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) leaf oil ... To date, Korean hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), has been widely used for household and commercial purposes. Although the ...
Above left: Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Blue Surprise; Top right: C. lawsoniana Treasure Island; Bottom right: C. lawsoniana ... Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Treasure Island adds an upright splash of gold to any bed, while Cedrus deodara Feelin Sunny ... Chamaecyparis pisifera Snow showcases silvery tips on new growth, while C. lawsoniana Barrys Silver positively glows, ... Spring growth on Chamaecyparis obtusa Nana Lutea is gold before aging to lime green. The green leaves of Cryptomeria japonica ...
Chamaecyparis • Species: Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. ... Vernacular names [edit wikidata Chamaecyparis thyoides] *. English. : Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic White Cedar, Atlantic ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chamaecyparis_thyoides&oldid=147249730" ...
Chamaecyparis • Species: Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A.Murray.) Parl. ... Abgerufen von „https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chamaecyparis_lawsoniana&oldid=191581767" ...
Gymnosperm Database: Chamaecyparis Flora of China: Chamaecyparis Flora of North America: Chamaecyparis Germplasm Resources ... Suzuki - Taiwan Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton - Eastern United States (Mississippi to Maine) Chamaecyparis taiwanensis is ... Chamaecyparis ravenscragensis (=Fokienia ravenscragensis), if genus Fokienia is not recognized. Chamaecyparis species are used ... Taiwan Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A.Murray) Parl. - California, Oregon, Washington Chamaecyparis obtusa (Siebold & Zucc.) Endl ...
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, known as Port Orford cedar or Lawson cypress, is a species of conifer in the genus Chamaecyparis, ... "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Aurea Densa". Retrieved 28 June 2013. "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis ... "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwoods Gold". Retrieved 28 June 2013. "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis ... "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lanei Aurea". Retrieved 28 June 2013. "RHS Plant Selector - Chamaecyparis ...
RAPD variation in relation to population differentiation of Chamaecyparis formosensis and Chamaecyparis taiwanensis. Bot. Bull ... Low Chloroplast DNA Variation and Population Differentiation of Chamaecyparis formosensis and Chamaecyparis taiwanensis. Taiwan ... Chamaecyparis taiwanensis (Taiwan Cypress; simplified Chinese: 台湾扁柏; traditional Chinese: 臺灣扁柏; pinyin: tái wān biǎn bǎi) is a ... It is most commonly treated as a variety of Chamaecyparis obtusa in European and American texts, but more often accepted as a ...
Chamaecyparis formosensis (Formosan cypress, Taiwan cypress; Chinese: 紅檜/红桧 hong guei) is a species of Chamaecyparis, endemic ... ISBN 1-84246-068-4. Flora of China: Chamaecyparis formosensis Conifers Around the World: Chamaecyparis formosensis - Taiwan ... Chamaecyparis formosensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. Downloaded on 01 September 2015. Farjon, A ... It is most closely related to the Japanese Chamaecyparis pisifera (sawara cypress), which differs in smaller globose cones 4-8 ...
Chamaecyparis eureka is an extinct species of conifer in the family Cupressaceae. It is known from fossil foliage found in the ... C. eureka has been placed in the genus Chamaecyparis, based on the morphology of the seed cones, which differ significantly in ... C. eureka is most similar in character to the extant Japanese species Chamaecyparis pisifera and to a lesser extent to the ... C. eureka is the oldest confirmed member of the genus Chamaecyparis, which includes five to six living species, depending on ...
Chamaecyparis thyoides thyoides and Chamaecyparis thyoides henryae (H.L.Li) E.Murray (syn. Chamaecyparis thyoides subsp. ... "Plants Profile for Chamaecyparis thyoides". USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service. "Chamaecyparis thyoides". Germplasm ... Chamaecyparis thyoides grows within 20 and 100 m of the coastline and less than 50 m above sea level along much of the East ... It is one of two species of Chamaecyparis found in North America. C. thyoides resides on the East Coast and C. lawsoniana can ...
Chamaecyparis obtusa (Japanese cypress, hinoki cypress or hinoki; Japanese: 檜 or 桧 hinoki) is a species of cypress native to ... The related Chamaecyparis pisifera (sawara cypress) can be readily distinguished in its having pointed tips to the leaves and ... Chamaecyparis obtusa Nana Gracilis Cypress bark is used as a traditional roofing material (hiwadabuki) at Tō-ji in Kyoto ... A similar cypress found on Taiwan is treated by different botanists as either a variety of this species (as Chamaecyparis ...
Chamaecyparis pisifera (sawara cypress or sawara Japanese: サワラ, translit. Sawara) is a species of false cypress, native to ... The extinct Eocene species Chamaecyparis eureka, known from fossils found on Axel Heiberg Island in Canada, is noted to be very ... ISBN 1-84246-068-4 Kotyk, M.E.A.; Basinger, J.F.; McIlver, E.E. (2003). "Early Tertiary Chamaecyparis Spach from Axel Heiberg ... A related cypress found on Taiwan, Chamaecyparis formosensis (Formosan cypress), differs in longer ovoid cones 6-10 mm long ...
CHAMAECYPARIS DISEASES Blight caused by Phomopsis juniperovora can be a problem on young plants in nurseries or old plants in ... CHAMAECYPARIS DISEASES Blight caused by Phomopsis juniperovora can be a problem on young plants in nurseries or old plants in ...
Genus: Chamaecyparis. Species: Chamaecyparis thyoides. Subspecies: C. t. subsp. henryae - C. t. subsp. thyoides ... Chamaecyparis sphaeroidea Spach. References[edit]. *Preliminary Catalogue of Anthophyta and Pteridophyta, reported as growing ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Chamaecyparis thyoides in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chamaecyparis_thyoides&oldid=2676931" ...
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana,/i> Wissels Saguaro Lawsons cypress Wissels Saguaro from the RHS ... Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Wissels Saguaro Lawsons cypress Wissels Saguaro. AGM plants. AGM plants have been through a ... Genus Chamaecyparis are evergreen trees, usually of narrowly ovoid or columnar outline, with much-branched sprays of small ...
... Lian Cui,1,2 Hyo Seok Lee,3 Ying Li ... To investigate the effects of Chamaecyparis obtusa (CO) on human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells, a murine experimental dry eye ...
This cultivar Luteocompacta has crowded yellow leaves and is conical in shape. It has thin, spreading branches leading to sprayed foliage that is
Tthe variegated cultivar Aureovariegata has yellow or even white leaves and is conical in shape. It has spreading branches leading to sprayed foliage that is somewhat scaly. The buds and cones are small. This plant enjoys low humidity and cooler weather. C. lawsoniana, syn. Cupressus lawsoniana, a narrowly
  • Kim H-Y, Lee S-G, Oh T-J, Lim SR, Kim S-H, Lee HJ, Kim Y-S, Choi H-K. Antiproliferative and Apoptotic Activity of Chamaecyparis obtusa Leaf Extract against the HCT116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Line and Investigation of the Bioactive Compound by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomics. (mdpi.com)