Cetyltrimethylammonium compounds that have cationic detergent, antiseptic, and disinfectant activities. They are used in pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics as preservatives; on skin, mucous membranes, etc., as antiseptics or cleansers, and also as emulsifiers. These compounds are toxic when used orally due to neuromuscular blockade.
Organic mercury compounds in which the mercury is attached to an ethyl group.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium compounds. It is a bactericidal quaternary ammonium detergent used topically in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, as a surgical antiseptic, and as a as preservative and emulsifier in drugs and cosmetics.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)
QUATERNARY AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS containing three methyl groups, having the general formula of (CH3)3N+R.
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Disinfectant used in vapor form to sterilize vaccines, grafts, etc. The vapor is very irritating and the liquid form is carcinogenic.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Chemical compounds applied to materials to reduce their retention of an electrostatic charge.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order Lactobacillales. Lactic acid is the main product of their carbohydrate metabolism.
Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
An acidifying agent that has expectorant and diuretic effects. Also used in etching and batteries and as a flux in electroplating.
The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).
Hair grooming, cleansing and modifying products meant for topical application to hair, usually human. They include sprays, bleaches, dyes, conditioners, rinses, shampoos, nutrient lotions, etc.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
The use of a treatment material (tissue conditioner) to re-establish tone and health to irritated oral soft tissue, usually applied to the edentulous alveolar ridge.
A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Relating to the size of solids.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.
A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members contain bruceosides and bruceanols (quassinoids). The astringent seeds have been used to treat dysentery in southeastern Asia.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
An amino acid intermediate in the metabolism of choline.
An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
Proteins found in the LUNG that act as PULMONARY SURFACTANTS.
The force acting on the surface of a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A colorless, syrupy, strongly acidic liquid that can form detergents with oleic acid.
Metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table.
Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.
A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth's crust.
A tube-like invagination of the EPIDERMIS from which the hair shaft develops and into which SEBACEOUS GLANDS open. The hair follicle is lined by a cellular inner and outer root sheath of epidermal origin and is invested with a fibrous sheath derived from the dermis. (Stedman, 26th ed) Follicles of very long hairs extend into the subcutaneous layer of tissue under the SKIN.
Dyes used as cosmetics to change hair color either permanently or temporarily.

Disinfection of upper gastrointestinal fibreoptic endoscopy equipment: an evaluation of a cetrimide chlorhexidine solution and glutaraldehyde. (1/196)

There is little information available on the bacteriological contamination of upper gastrointestinal fibreoptic endoscopes during routine use and the effects of 'disinfecting solutions'. A bacteriological evaluation was therefore made of cleaning an endoscope and its ancillary equipment with (1) water, (2) an aqueous solution of 1% cetrimide with 0.1% chlorhexidine, and (3) activated aqueous 2% glutaraldehyde. All equipment, but particularly the endoscope itself, was found to be heavily contaminated after use with a wide variety of organisms of which 53% were Gram positive. Cleaning the endoscope and ancillary equipment with water and the cetrimide/chlorhexidine solution alone or in combination was inadequate to produce disinfection but immersion in glutaraldehyde for two minutes consistently produced sterile cultures with our sampling technique. A rapid and simple method for disinfection of endoscopic equipment is therefore recommended and we think this is especially suitable for busy endoscopy units.  (+info)

CTAB-mediated enrichment for active forms of novel dimeric maxizymes. (2/196)

We demonstrated previously that shortened forms of (stem II-deleted) hammerhead ribozymes with low intrinsic activity form very active dimers with a common stem II (very active short ribozymes capable of forming dimers were designated maxizymes). As a result of such a dimeric structure, heterodimeric maxizymes are potentially capable of cleaving a substrate at two different sites simultaneously. In this case, active heterodimers are in equilibrium with inactive homodimers. Longer forms of common stem II can lead to enrichment of the active heterodimers in vitro. In this study, we investigated whether the cationic detergent CTAB, which is known to enhance strand displacement of nucleic acids, might inhibit the dimerization of maxizymes. Significantly, under all conditions examined, CTAB instead enhanced the activity of a variety of maxizymes, with the extent of enhancement depending on the conditions. The activity of our least stable, least active maxizyme was enhanced 100-fold by CTAB. The strand displacement activity of CTAB thus appears to enhance the conversion of alternative conformations of inactive maxizymes, with intra- and inter-molecular hydrogen bonds, to active forms. Thus, our smallest maxizyme can also be considered a potential candidate for a gene-inactivating agent in vivo, in view of the fact that various facilitators of strand displacement reactions are known to exist in vivo (indeed, a separate experiment in cell culture supported the conclusion that our smallest maxizyme is a good gene-inactivating agent). Although activities of ribozymes in vitro do not necessarily reflect their activities in vivo, our findings suggest that the activity of ribozymes in vivo can be better estimated by running ribozyme kinetics in the presence of CTAB in vitro.  (+info)

Optimised sample preparation of synovial fluid for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA by polymerase chain reaction. (3/196)

OBJECTIVE: To optimise sample preparation of synovial fluid for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODS: Serial dilutions of purified CT elementary bodies in synovial fluid were prepared. The synovial fluid pellet was processed by eight different methods of sample preparation. Then samples were analysed by CT specific PCR. The sensitivity of PCR was the basis of ranking of the eight different methods. RESULTS: Highest sensitivity was achieved by methods including an additional step of DNA isolation. Additional extraction of protein and polysaccharides by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) increased sensitivity. Addition of hyaluronidase did not increase sensitivity of QIAEX-DNA extraction but was necessary, however, before phenol-chloroform-DNA extraction. CONCLUSIONS: The method of synovial fluid sample preparation significantly influences the sensitivity of subsequent PCR. Additional DNA isolation and extraction of PCR inhibitors by CTAB led to higher sensitivity.  (+info)

DNA conformational dynamics in the presence of catanionic mixtures. (4/196)

DNA conformational behavior in the presence of non-stoichiometric mixtures of two oppositely charged surfactants, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and sodium octyl sulfate, was directly visualized in an aqueous solution with the use of a fluorescence microscopy technique. It was found that in the presence of cationic-rich catanionic mixtures, DNA molecules exhibit a conformational transition from elongated coil to compact globule states. Moreover, if the catanionic mixtures form positively charged vesicles, DNA is adsorbed onto the surface of the vesicles in a collapsed globular form. When anionic-rich catanionic mixtures are present in the solution, no change in the DNA conformational behavior was detected. Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, as well as measurements of translational diffusion coefficients of individual DNA chains, supported our optical microscopy observations.  (+info)

Escherichia coli TEM1 beta-lactamase in CTAB reverse micelles: exchange/diffusion-limited catalysis. (5/196)

We report kinetic data of penicillin hydrolysis catalyzed by beta-lactamase entrapped in reverse micelles formed with cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), n-octane, hexanol and aqueous buffer. The K(cat) of this diffusion-limited reaction can be improved in aqueous buffer by a factor of 1.1-1.2 just by increasing the phosphate buffer concentration from 50 to 100 mM. In reverse micelles, increasing the buffer concentration has little effect on K(cat) when the size of the empty micelle is below the size of the protein. However, in larger micelles, the effect is enhanced and the K(cat) improves several fold, changing the form of the curve of K(cat) versus Wo from bell-shaped to almost hyperbolic. The results indicate that micellar exchange and internal diffusion may limit the reaction in reverse micelles and provide further evidence that the form of the curve depends on other factors besides the relationship between the size of the enzyme and that of the empty reverse micelle.  (+info)

Models for enzyme superactivity in aqueous solutions of surfactants. (6/196)

Theoretical models are developed here for enzymic activity in the presence of direct micellar aggregates. An approach similar to that of Bru et al. [Bru, Sanchez-Ferrer and Garcia-Carmona (1989) Biochem. J. 259, 355-361] for reverse micelles has been adopted. The system is considered to consist of three pseudo-phases: free water, bound water and surfactant tails. The substrate concentration in each pseudo-phase is related to the total substrate concentration in the reaction medium. In the absence of interactions between the enzyme and the micelles, the model predicts either monotonically increasing or monotonically decreasing trends in the calculated reaction rate as a function of surfactant concentration. With enzyme-micelle interactions included in the formulation (by introducing an equilibrium relation between the enzyme confined in the free water and in the bound water pseudo-phases, and by allowing for different catalytic behaviours for the two forms), the calculated reaction rate can exhibit a bell-shaped dependence on surfactant concentration. The effect of the partition of enzyme and substrate is described, as is that of enzyme efficiency in the various pseudo-phases.  (+info)

Second harmonic generation of glucose oxidase at the air/water interface. (7/196)

We present a study of the adsorption of the glucose oxidase enzyme (GOx) at the air/water interface, using the nonlinear optical technique of surface second harmonic generation (SSHG). Resonant SSHG experiments were achieved by probing the pi-pi* transition of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) chromophores embedded in the GOx protein. Because of the subsequent resonance enhancement of the signal, the second harmonic (SH) wave arising from the GOx entities adsorbed at the interface was detectable for protein bulk aqueous concentrations as low as 70 nM. The protein adsorption was followed, and, at high GOx coverage, a change in the orientation of the FAD chromophore was observed, indicating either a rearrangement or a reorientation of the protein at the interface. Inasmuch as GOx is negatively charged at the biological pH of 7, its interactions with charged surfactants were also investigated. As expected, spreading positively charged surfactants onto a partial protein monolayer was found to increase the GOx surface concentration, whereas in the case of negatively charged surfactants, the GOx surface concentration decreased until the SH signal went back to the pure buffer solution response level. With the increasing GOx surface concentration, the rearrangement or reorientation of the protein was also observed.  (+info)

A method for preparing genomic DNA that restrains branch migration of Holliday junctions. (8/196)

The Holliday junction is a central intermediate in genetic recombination. This four-stranded DNA structure is capable of spontaneous branch migration, and is lost during standard DNA extraction protocols. In order to isolate and characterize recombination intermediates that contain Holliday junctions, we have developed a rapid protocol that restrains branch migration of four-way DNA junctions. The cationic detergent hex-adecyltrimethylammonium bromide is used to lyse cells and precipitate DNA. Manipulations are performed in the presence of the cations hexamine cobalt(III) or magnesium, which stabilize Holliday junctions in a stacked-X configuration that branch migrates very slowly. This protocol was evaluated using a sensitive assay for spontaneous branch migration, and was shown to preserve both artificial Holliday junctions and meiotic recombination intermediates containing four-way junctions.  (+info)

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The separation of different ring numbered polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was accomplished by using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in capillary electrokinetic chromatography. In order to increase the solubilities and selectivities of PAHs, acetonitrile (ACN) was used as an organic modifier. Under the optimised conditions, 11 aromatic compounds were separated within 14.5 min in a running electrolyte containing 10 mM phosphate, 30 mM CTAB, and 40% ACN at pH 6.0. The effects of CTAB and ACN concentrations, voltage and pH on the resolution were investigated. Reproducibilities of migration times range between 0.55 and 1.27 R.S.D.% and peak areas between 1.02 and 7.23 R.S.D.%. Limit of detections (LODs) range between 0.09 and 2.24 mu g ml(-1). This new and fast separation method of PAHs was applied to cooked oil sample. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ...
Author: Blatt, E.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 1986-02; Title: Ground-state complexation of eosin-labeled fatty acids with dimethylaniline in cetyltrimethylammonium bromide micelles.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Removal of multilan red and multi-active blue dyes from aqueous solution by adsorption and oxidation techniques. T2 - Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies. AU - Kitinya, Jacob. AU - Onyango, Maurice S.. AU - Ochieng, Aoyi. PY - 2017/12. Y1 - 2017/12. N2 - This study evaluated the performances of adsorption and Fenton oxidation for the removal of multilan red (MLR) and multiactive blue (MActB) dyes from aqueous solution. Zeolite, the adsorbent used in the study was modified using two surfactants: hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA-Br) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The modified zeolite characterized using FTIR, SEM and XRD analysis. The modification studies revealed that HDTMA-modified zeolite exhibited better performance than CTAB-modified zeolite for both dyes. Acidic pH (pH 2) was found favourable for the removal of both dyes from aqueous solution. The equilibrium data was well described by Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models in that order. The ...
Chemiluminescent acridinium dimethylphenyl ester labels are used in automated immunoassays for clinical diagnostics. Light emission from these labels is triggered by alkaline peroxide in the presence of the cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC). The surfactant plays a critical role in th
Activated carbon (AC) modification has been intensively studied in order to design carbon electrodes with enhanced electrochemical performance. Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA) and Tween 80 were employed for enhancing the surface activity of AC via synergism. The synergistic effects of the mixed surfactants on AC surface activity in the light of interface behaviors were studied. Both fie ...
A new potentiometric anionic surfactant sensor was prepared based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) used for immobilisation of 1,3-didecyl-2-methylimidazolium tetraphenylborate (DMI-TPB) ion pair as ionophore in the membrane. The investigated sensor showed a Nernstian response for both dodecylbenzenesulphonate and dodecyl sulphate. It responded in 8-10 seconds for each ten-fold concentration change in the range of 1 x 10-7 M to 1 x 10-3 M. The detection limits for DBS and DS were 1 x 10-6 and 2 x 10-7 M, respectively. The sensor revealed a stable potentiometric response and exhibited satisfactory selectivity for DS. The main application of the sensor was in the end-point detection in potentiometric titrations of anionic surfactants. Hyamine 1622, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and cetylpyridinium chloride were tested as potential cationic titrants, and all exhibited analytically usable titration curves with well-defined equivalence point. The operational life time of the sensor ...
Enhancement of photorefractivity in the isotropic phase of polymer liquid crystals. The alignment of lyotropic liquid crystals formed by hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide in D2O in a magnetic field
Lung tissue was also harvested for MPO measurements. Systemic leucocyte counts Tail vein blood was mixed no with Turks solution (0.2 mg gentian violet in 1 mL glacial acetic acid, 6.25% v/v) in a 1:20 dilution. Leucocytes were identified as monomorphonuclear and polymorphonuclear cells in a Burker chamber. Serum amylase Amylase was quantified in serum with a commercially available assay (Reflotron?, Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Mannheim, Germany). MPO assay Frozen pancreatic and lung tissue were pre-weighed and homogenized in 1-mL mixture (4:1) of PBS and aprotinin 10 000 KIE?mL?1 (Trasylol?, Bayer HealthCare AG, Leverkusen, Germany) for 1 min. The homogenate was centrifuged (153 39��g, 10 min) and the supernatant was stored at ?20��C and the pellet was used for MPO assay as previously described (Laschke et al.. , 2007). In brief, the pellet was mixed with 1 mL of 0.5% hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. Next, the sample was frozen for 24 h and then thawed, sonicated for 90 s, put in a water ...
article{49dad94b-7449-4b26-a82e-492450a9362d, abstract = {A complex salt of cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA(+)) with short (30 repeating units) polyacrylate (PA(-)) counterions has been synthesized. The phase diagrams of its aqueous mixtures with either the surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium acetate (CTAAc), or the polyelectrolyte NaPA, have been studied by visual inspection through crossed polarizers and by small-angle X-ray scattering. Both of the ternary phase diagrams are strikingly simple, containing only micellar, cubic micellar, and hexagonal phases. In the CTAPA/CTAAc/water system, the surfactant forms essentially spherical micelles above ca. 50 wt % of water, regardless of the counterion composition, and the system may serve as a model for charged colloids with mixed monovalent/polymeric counterions. The interactions between micelles varies from repulsive to attractive as the fraction of monovalent counterions is dec,br/,,br, eased. This results, first, in a liquid-liquid phase separation ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Enhancing the electrochemical performance of lithium sulfur batteries using cetyl trimethylammonium bromide coated separator. AU - Cho, Sung Ho. AU - Cho, Sung Man. AU - Bae, Ki Yoon. AU - Kim, Byung Hyuk. AU - Son, Byung Dae. AU - Yoon, Wooyoung. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - In this study, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-modified separator is developed by using a simple and facile method for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. CTAB is coated on only one side of separator using a doctor blade. The coated CTAB on the separator improves wettability between separator and electrolyte and ionic conductivity of separator. In addition, CTAB also inhibits the migration of dissolved polysulfides to the anode side. These phenomena improve the electrochemical properties of Li-S batteries using CTAB-coated separators. Cells using the CTAB-coated separator exhibit an initial capacity of 1136 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C-rate. In addition, they can maintain a higher capacity (765 mAh g−1) and ...
Conductance and Viscosity studies of anionic surfactant SDS (Sodium dodecyl sulfate) and cationic surfactant CTAB (Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) hav..
Synonyms for cationic detergent in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for cationic detergent. 1 synonym for cationic detergent: invert soap. What are synonyms for cationic detergent?
An experiment was done to determine the ability to fabricate carbon aerogel electrodes for use in a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC). It was found that the use of a 25% solution of the surfactant Cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) in water resulted in the creation of micelle within the pores of the organic aerogel. The micelle allowed the aerogel to be air dried while maintaining the desired pore composition. Further testing also showed that the resulting carbon aerogels had a specific ionic conductivity greater than that of a commercial porous carbon electrode Work was done to explore the use of the DRIE method to create a silicone die for the fabrication of a carbon aerogel electrode. It was found that a die could be created but had to undergo 0₂ plasma treatment in order to improve the wetting properties of the die. The resulting electrode was found to be very brittle at a thickness of 200 [mu]m or less, but responded well to being electroplated with platinum through the use of a ...
Dr. Meisam Norouzi, one of the researchers of the project, explained the various steps of the research. In the first step, we produced the appropriate reactants including solid iodine and cetyl trimethyl ammonium iodide. Then, the appropriate compositions of the components in carbon paste electrode structure, including the type of the carbon, ratio of iodine to cetyl trimethyl ammonium iodide, and the amount of pasting oil were optimized. In the final step, we determined the suitable conditions for the measurement of ascorbic acid such as appropriate pH and the type of electrochemical method ...
An original, sensitive, and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay was developed for the quantitation of morphine and its two major metabolites, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), in human plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in rat plasma, using hydromorphone as the internal standard. Solid-phase extraction was used to separate morphine and its glucuronide metabolites from plasma constituents. Extraction efficiencies of morphine, M3G, and M6G from human plasma samples (0.5 ml) were 84, 87, and 88%, respectively. Extraction efficiencies of morphine, M3G, and M6G did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) between human plasma and CSF or rat plasma. Morphine, M3G, M6G, and hydromorphone were separated on a 10 mu C-8 Resolve radially compressed cartridge using a mobile phase comprising methanol:acetonitrile:phosphate buffer, (0.0125M pH 7.5; 10: 10:80), in which 11 mg/L of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (cetrimide) was dissolved. Quantitation was ...
Authors: MUHAMMAD AKHYAR FARRUKH, HENG BOON TECK, ROHANA ADNAN Abstract: Tin oxide nanoplates and nanoballs were fabricated using a cationic surfactant of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) as an organic supramolecular template and tin(IV) chloride as an inorganic precursor via the hydrothermal and conventional heating methods. Urea, which decomposes to ammonium and hydroxide ions during hydrolysis, was used as the source of slow homogeneous precipitation of Sn^{4+} with OH^- to control the particle size. The influence of different reaction parameters (time, temperature, and ratio of Sn^{4+} to CTABr) on particle sizes, particle distribution, and morphology was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. XRD data showed that the size of the SnO_2 nanoparticles decreased with increasing reaction time using the conventional heating method, while no significant change was observed with the hydrothermal ...
Phosphorus (P) availability in soil is abysmally low due to its high reactivity with soil constituents. Use of nanoclay-polymer composites (NCPCs) as a fertilizer carrier is the new avenue of research in the field of agriculture due to their role in controlled release of nutrients synchronizing with crop demand. A series of NCPCs were prepared using nano-bentonite and modified nanobentonite with varying neutralization degree and cross linker level. Phosphorus was loaded as diammonium phosphate (DAP) after polymerization of NCPCs. Bentonites as well as NCPCs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The XRD patterns confirmed an increase in interlayer spacing from 13.0Å in nano-bentonite to 19.2Å in modified nanobentonite (treated with cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide). Disappearance of -OH stretching vibration of clays and weakening of Si-O stretching vibration in ...
The effect of three synthetic surfactants on surface activity and surface dilatational rheology of temperature-denatured type I collagen at water/air interface is described. An anionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS), a cationic (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) and a nonionic (Triton X-100, TX-100) surfactants were employed at variable concentrations (5 × 10−6 mol L−1-1 × 10−4 mol L−1). With the protein concentration fixed at 5 × 10−6 mol L−1, the protein/surfactant mixtures with molar ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:5, 1:10 and 1:20 were obtained. An Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis (ADSA) method was used to determine the dynamic and equilibrium surface tension, as well as the surface dilatational moduli of the mixed adsorption layers formed at the water/air interface at pH 4.5. For the collagen-SDS mixtures, analogous studies were also performed at the water/tetradecane and water/olive oil interfaces. These results were complemented with the foam and emulsion formation ability tests, and
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of DNA extraction methods for the analysis of microbial community in biological activated carbon. AU - Zheng, Lu. AU - Gao, Naiyun. AU - Deng, Yang. PY - 2012/2/1. Y1 - 2012/2/1. N2 - It is difficult to isolate DNA from biological activated carbon (BAC) samples used in water treatment plants, owing to the scarcity of microorganisms in BAC samples. The aim of this study was to identify DNA extraction methods suitable for a long-term, comprehensive ecological analysis of BAC microbial communities. To identify a procedure that can produce high molecular weight DNA, maximizes detectable diversity and is relatively free from contaminants, the microwave extraction method, the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) extraction method, a commercial DNA extraction kit, and the ultrasonic extraction method were used for the extraction of DNA from BAC samples. Spectrophotometry, agarose gel electrophoresis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length ...
betapropiolactone. CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide). formalin. L-cystine. 2-phenoxyethanol. a continuous line of monkey kidney cells. acetone. African Green Monkey kidney (Vero) cells. alcohol. aluminum hydroxide. aluminum phosphate. aluminum salts. amino acid supplement. amino acids. amino acids solution. aminoglycoside antibiotic. ammonium sulfate. ammonium sulfate aluminum phosphate. amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate. amphotericin B. anhydrous lactose. anti-foaming agent. arginine. ascorbic acid. asparagine. baculovirus and cellular DNA. baculovirus and Spodoptera frugiperda cell proteins. barium. benzethonium chloride. beta- propriolactone. beta-propiolactone. bovine albumin. bovine calf serum. bovine serum. bovine serum albumin. calcium carbonate. calcium chloride. calf bovine serum. Calf serum. calf serum and lactalbumin hydrolysate. carbohydrates. casamino acids. casamino acids and yeast extract-based medium. casein. castor oil. cell culture media. cellulose acetate ...
Supplementary Materialseraa081_suppl_Supplementary_Figures_S1-S4. towards the producers protocol. The full total RNA was after that treated with DNase I (18068-015, ThermoFisher Scientific) based on the producers protocol. To amplify and from soybean germplasms for series appearance and evaluations analyses, total cDNAs had been synthesized using PrimeScript? RT Professional Mix (Ideal REAL-TIME) (RR036Q, TaKaRa) from the full total RNA based on the producers process. To ACY-1215 clone was amplified in the genomic DNA from the outrageous ACY-1215 soybean germplasm, W05. Genomic DNA was extracted in the leaves of W05 plant life using the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) technique (Doyle and Doyle, 1987). PCR was performed using PrimeSTAR GXL DNA Polymerase (R050B, TaKaRa). The cDNAs and genomic promoter series had been cloned into several vectors for or fungus transformation. Limitation enzymes and T4 DNA ligase found in cloning had been from New Britain Biolabs. For DNA series analyses, and ...
Definition of cetrimide in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is cetrimide? Meaning of cetrimide as a legal term. What does cetrimide mean in law?
Frog sciatic nerves were excised and treated in a Ringers solution containing the surface-active agent, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMB). Such CTMB-treated nerves were compared to normal, untreated nerves with respect to their susceptibility to conduction block produced by six lipid-insoluble quaternary ammonium ions; the CTMB-treated nerves were rendered especially susceptible to rapid, reversible conduction block. A possible mechanism of CTMB action is proposed, involving chemo-dissection of permeability barriers which normally surround the individual axons. The findings that acetylcholine, curare, etc. can produce reversible, axonal conduction block in CTMB-treated nerves are not inconsistent with a theory of cholinergic impulse conduction.. ...
Micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide catalyse the alkaline hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin with a rate enhancement of ca. 50-fold. However, the rate of reaction is inhibited by increasing concentrations of hydroxide ion and penicillin anion. A saturation phenomenon is observed with increased concentration of surfactant. Attempts are made to determine the binding- and rate-constants using existing kinetic models. These are not completely satisfactory and a model is proposed which assumes that both hydroxide ion and penicillin have to be bound to the micelle for reaction to occur. Bromide, chloride, acetate, fluoride, and benzylpenicilloate ions all inhibit the micellar catalysis.. ...
Noble metal mesoscale and nanoscale materials exhibit unique optical properties that are of interest to a wide variety of fields including sensing, imaging, biomedicine, and catalysis. The properties of the nanomaterial are strongly dependent on the size, morphology, composition, and local molecular environment of the material, all of which can be controlled by material design and synthesis. A novel nanomaterial referred to as a gold nanobelt was synthesized and characterized. Gold nanobelts synthesized in cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and sodium dodecylsulfate and with sub-100 nm rectangular cross sections were found to exhibit a strong transverse plasmon peak at visible wavelengths. Unlike larger diameter silver nanowires, these nanobelts exhibit sharp, tunable plasmon resonances similar to those of nanoparticles. The gold nanobelt crystal structure contains a mixture of face centered cubic and hexagonally close packed lattice phases that can be isolated and examined individually due to the ...
In the present work a capillary electrophoretic method for the analysis of monosaccharides utilizing indirect UV-detection has been developed. Different probes for indirect detection have been assessed using model carbohydrate samples. Background electrolytes with or without addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide have also been evaluated regarding the separation power. Furthermore, a curve-fitting algorithm has been introduced to increase the separation resolution. The optimized method has been used for analysis of monosaccharides from an acidically hydrolyzed pulp sample.. ...
The strong UV absorption of the bromide in aqueous solution undergoes a remarkable red shift of more than 10 nm induced by the addition of the salts that constitute a saline buffer. The maximum absorption wavelength of the bromide is displaced from approximately 194 nm in ultrapure water to wavelengths above 200 nm, depending on the composition of the solution. The bromide
0288] FIG. 3: Wet curl retention test--amount of cationic surfactant. Hair samples were treated with a composition comprising 6% of a crosslinked polyurethane dispersion in water (the polyurethane dispersion had been UV irradiated under agitation for 30 min) and, from left to right, the following concentrations of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride: (1) 0.00%; (2) 0.25%; (3) 0.5%; (4) 1%; (5) 2%; (6) 4% Immediately following treatment, the hair samples were wound onto helical rollers, dried for one hour at room temperature and then at 40° C. overnight, removed from the roller, a weight (2×50 mg) added to the end of the curl and then immersed in water in order to evaluate the ability of each sample to retain the curl. The following timepoints were captured: (A) hair samples immediately prior to immersion in the water tank below; (B) after 5 min of immersion; (C) after 60 min of immersion; (D) after 120 min of immersion; (E) after 240 min of immersion; (F) after 21 hours of immersion; (G) after ...
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article{64ec06c7-2e42-4bdc-9fdd-bff9b8f477a3, abstract = {The macroscopic phase behavior and other physicochemical properties of dilute aqueous mixtures of DNA and the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammounium bromide (CTAB), DNA and the polyamine spermine, or DNA, CTAB, and (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (2HPβCD) were investigated. When DNA is mixed with CTAB we found, with increasing surfactant concentration, (1) free DNA coexisting with surfactant unimers, (2) free DNA coexisting with aggregates of condensed DNA and CTAB, (3) a miscibility gap where macroscopic phase separation is observed, and (4) positively overcharged aggregates of condensed DNA and CTAB. The presence of a clear solution beyond the miscibility gap cannot be ascribed to self-screening by the charges from the DNA and/or the surfactant; instead, hydrophobic interactions among the surfactants are instrumental for the observed behavior. It is difficult to judge whether the overcharged mixed aggregates represent an ...
Assalamualaikum/Hello,, Bismillah,dengan nama Allah saya ke sini lagi ngeblog Ketika langit malam menanti hari hari mendatang lagi Bersyukur kepada Ilahi,saya tambah ekspedisi ngeblog Nah,saatnya temui nota krim antiseptik,semoga tidak rugi? Apa itu,krim cetrimide 0.5% ? Krim antiseptik,Jenama(brand) ketika ini,Dermoplex(TM),nama kimia ialah krim Cetrimide kekuatan 0.5% Produk sah bertanda(mark) halal dan berdaftar di Malaysia Dikilang oleh…
The effects of some factors important in ion-pair, high-performance liquid chromatography were studied in ion-pair, thin-layer chromatography. Tetramethyl and cetyltrimethylammonium salts were used...
Aqueous phase behavior and structures of phases were studied in systems containing sodium poly(styrenesulfonate), NaPSS, and complex salt CTAPSS, formed between cetyltrimethylammonium cations, CTA(+), and PSS- anions. It was shown that hydrophobic interaction of the polyion styrene groups with surfactant aggregates, which supports the strong electrostatic attraction between CTA(+) and PSS-, has a significant effect on phase behavior and structures. Only the disordered micellar (L-1) and the ordered hexagonal (H-1) phase were found that are connected over a broad two-phase region of L-1-H-1 coexistence. At water contents above 60 wt%, CTAPSS is easily dissolved in proportion to the amount of added NaPSS, whereas at lower water contents a large excess of NaPSS is needed to dissolve CTAPSS. Phase separation in the two-phase region is controlled by two tendencies: (i) to maximize the contact between the hydrophobic groups and micelles (assisted by hydrophobic interaction) and (ii) to form as dense ...
Two-dimensional electrophoresis with cationic detergents: a powerful tool for the proteomic analysis of myelin proteins. Part 2: analytical aspects.: The abilit
Cetrimide Agar - 200ml, Easy-pour narrow mouth glass bottle, 9 per case. Base for the Isolation and Cultivation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
According to World of Chemicals, cetrimide disrupts the growth of harmful bacteria and fungi by interrupting its normal functions. Processed food products, such as bread and meat, contain the...
Cetyl Myristoleate is a naturally occurring fatty acid, found most frequently in fish oils and butter. It was discovered first in albino mice, which are immune to arthritis. Cetyl M was found to be the reason why. Cows, beavers and sperm whales are also thought to produce Cetyl M naturally. Scientists have recently found a way to synthesize this acid and have used it in treating humans, dogs and even horses. Cetyl M has anti-inflammatory properties, reducing the symptoms of even the most severe arthritis, though it is thought to be most effective when given early in the diseases development process. It can also be used to relieve symptoms of joint disease, such as hip dysplasia. No one has been able to determine why Cetyl M works, but some scientists suggest that it is able to reprogram faulty cells that cause the arthritis. No matter what the reason, Cetyl M seems to be very helpful in reducing symptoms of arthritis in animals. Many owners proclaim miraculous recoveries in their pets. There ...
In article ,RANKD.1.0008BF44 at FOODSCI.PURDUE.EDU, RANKD at FOODSCI.PURDUE.EDU (Doug Rank) writes: ,Has anyone successfully used the CTAB method (as described in the Red Book) ,for genomic DNA isolation from Salmonella (or E.coli)? We have been trying it ,but have been getting precipitates after both the NaCl addition step as well ,as after the CTAB/heating step. Looking at the centrifuged precipitates ,(i.e., on gels), both of these apparently have more chromosomal DNA than the ,final supernatant that went through to the isopropanol precipitation; the ,final precipitant also was loaded with RNA - actually, looks like a good ,procedure for RNA isolation. , ,Is there some trick to this method? According to the Red Book procedure, a ,DNA-CTAB precipitate may form if the NaCl conc. drops below 0.5 M, and we have ,even added more NaCl, but no luck. Also, we have examined the pH of our ,phenol (buffered at pH 8.0), but cant explain why the RNA is carried over? , ,Any suggestions are welcomed. ...
Phospholipids are [[Lipid,lipid]] molecules which have a [[Phosphate,phosphate]] group attached. They are highly abundant in [[Cell membranes,cell membranes]], where they form a [[Lipid bi-layer,lipid bilayer]], due to the [[Amphiphatic,amphiphatic]] nature of their [[Hydrophilic,hydrophilic]] heads and [[Hydrophobic,hydrophobic]] tails ,ref>Alberts et al. (2002) Molecular Biology Of The Cell, 4th edition, New York: Garland Science. p62,/ref>. The majority of atoms in the [[Hydrophobic,hydrophobic]] tails are nonpolar and have no charge, this is what makes them insoluble when dissolved in [[Water,water]]. However, the hydrophilic heads are soluble in water due to the presence of either charged groups which are electrostatically attracted to the [[Water,water]] [[Molecule,molecules]], or polar groups which enable [[Hydrogen bonds,hydrogen bonds]] to be form between the heads and the [[Water,water]] [[Molecule,molecules]] ,ref>Alberts et al. (2008) ...
1. Grind young leaf tissues. Place about 50ul ground tissues into 2ml microtubes. Add 750 ul of 2x CTAB buffer and 50 ul of 20% SDS. Mix thoroughly. ...
Savlon Cream information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Wyeth, Savlon Cream indications, usages and related health products lists
Categories: PET SUPPLIES Condition: Brand New In Stock: Usually Ships in 1 business days Advanced Cetyl M Joint Action Formula for Dogs is designed for old and young dogs alike. Feeding Advanced Cetyl M to younger and active sporting dogs can also help prevent the onset of joint problems. Ingredients: Cetyl Myristoleate* 250mg Glucosamine HCL…
[105 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Cetyl Alcohol Market Professional Survey Report 2016 report by QYResearch Group. Notes: Production, means the output of Cetyl Alcohol Revenue, means...
I am a strong believer in Cetyl Myristoleate for the treatment of arthritis. about Cetyl Myristoleate. and contact and interview every doctor I can find that works with it. The
Advanced Cetyl M Cream by Response Products.Proprietary blend of uniquely balanced ingredients, carefully designed to support joint and muscle health and function in horses. Features 100% plant-derived source of cetyl myristoleate (fatty acid), offering a more targeted approach to joint stress in horses. Promotes comfort and mobility in joints and
dlls/d3dx9_36/tests/shader.c , 177 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------ 1 files changed, 127 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-) diff --git a/dlls/d3dx9_36/tests/shader.c b/dlls/d3dx9_36/tests/shader.c index 1d6f0da..1cad233 100644 --- a/dlls/d3dx9_36/tests/shader.c +++ b/dlls/d3dx9_36/tests/shader.c @@ -20,6 +20,12 @@ #include wine/test.h #include d3dx9.h +typedef struct +{ + const char *full_name; + D3DXCONSTANT_DESC d; +} constant_test; + static const DWORD simple_vs[] = { 0xfffe0101, /* vs_1_1 */ 0x0000001f, 0x80000000, 0x900f0000, /* dcl_position0 v0 */ @@ -92,12 +98,12 @@ static const DWORD ctab_basic[] = { 0x656e6957, 0x6f727020, 0x7463656a, 0xababab00, /* Creator name string */ 0x0000ffff}; /* END */ -static const D3DXCONSTANT_DESC ctab_basic_expected[] = { - {mvp, D3DXRS_FLOAT4, 0, 4, D3DXPC_MATRIX_COLUMNS, D3DXPT_FLOAT, 4, 4, 1, 0, 64, 0}, - {i, D3DXRS_FLOAT4, 4, 1, D3DXPC_SCALAR, D3DXPT_INT, 1, 1, 1, 0, 4, 0}, - {i4, D3DXRS_FLOAT4, 5, 1, D3DXPC_VECTOR, D3DXPT_INT, 1, 4, 1, ...
Many of these compounds are quaternary ammonium salts, as well as cetrimonium bromide (CTAB). Non-ionic surfactants are non- ... In general, compounds with an HLB between one and four will not mix with water. Compounds with an HLB value above 13 will form ... These compounds have both positively and negatively charged components. An example of a zwitterionic compound is ... Compounds which interact too harshly with oil dispersants should be tested to ensure that they meet three criteria: They should ...
Adjusting the concentration ratios of these compounds directly influences the rate at which nucleation sites are produced. ... Surfactants that have been used include cetrimonium bromide, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, and glycerol. The surfactant ... different structural and compositional motifs can be prepared using the Stöber process by the addition of chemical compounds to ...
... , or alkyltrimethylammonium bromide, is an antiseptic which is a mixture of three quaternary ammonium compounds: ... tetradonium bromide (TTAB or MITMAB), cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), and laurtrimonium bromide (DTAB or LTAB). It was first ...
This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may ... Cetrimonium bromide Cetrimonium chloride They have the ATC codes D08AJ02 (WHO) (as skin antiseptics) and R02AA17 (WHO) (as ... Cetrimonium, cetyl trimethylammonium, or hexadecyltrimethylammonium is a quaternary ammonium cation whose salts are used as ...
The closely related compounds cetrimonium chloride and cetrimonium stearate are also used as topical antiseptics and may be ... "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Cetrimonium Chloride, Cetrimonium Bromide, and Steartrimonium Chloride". International ... The cetrimonium (hexadecyltrimethylammonium) cation is an effective antiseptic agent against bacteria and fungi. It is also one ... Cetrimonium chloride - The corresponding chloride salt Behentrimonium chloride - A C25 structural analogue Laemmli, U. K. (1970 ...
The compounds can also act as antistatic agents, which helps to reduce frizzing. Pack conditioners are heavy and thick, with a ... Examples are Behentrimonium Chloride and Cetrimonium Chloride Thermal protectors, usually heat-absorbing polymers, shielding ... Once attached these compounds have several effects. Their long hydrocarbon backbone helps to lubricate the surface of each hair ... and quaternary ammonium compounds. These chemical products have the benefits of hair conditioner without feeling greasy or ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... "Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Mercury Compounds in the List". Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). U.S. ... Merbromin is an organomercuric disodium salt compound and a fluorescein. Readily available in most countries, it is no longer ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula AgNO. 3. This compound is a versatile precursor to many other ... "Silver (metal dust and soluble compounds, as Ag)". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Concentrations (IDLH). National ... Seidell, Atherton; Linke, William F. (1919). Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds (2nd ed.). New York City: D. Van ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... After continued exposure to antibiotics, bacteria may evolve to the point where they are no longer harmed by these compounds. ... Polyhexanide (polyhexamethylene biguanide, PHMB) is an antimicrobial compound suitable for clinical use in critically colonized ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula CH3CHOHCH3. It ... Isopropyl alcohol dissolves a wide range of non-polar compounds. It also evaporates quickly, leaves nearly zero oil traces, ... Mirafzal, Gholam A; Baumgarten, Henry E (1988). "Control of peroxidizable compounds: An addendum". Journal of Chemical ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Decomposition is catalysed by various compounds, including most transition metals and their compounds (e.g. manganese dioxide, ... This degrades organic compounds, including those that are ordinarily robust, such as aromatic or halogenated compounds.[55] It ... Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H. 2O. 2. In its pure form, it is a pale blue, clear liquid, slightly ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... However, cation-active compounds cause local irritation and are extremely poisonous when administered parenterally.[5] ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... It also reacts with many mercury compounds, giving the corrosive compound mercury iodide, as well as with many metals, making ... kills cells through iodination of lipids and oxidation of cytoplasmic and membrane compounds. This agent exhibits a broad range ...
This article about an organic compound is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... Cetrimonium bromide - An C19 structural analogue. References[edit]. *^ Yamane, Masayuki; Toyo, Takamasa; Inoue, Katsuhisa; ... Behentrimonium chloride, also known as docosyltrimethylammonium chloride or BTAC-228, is a yellow waxlike organic compound with ...
... protein Zearalenone Chemical compound Organic compound biochemistry Similar lists List of compounds List of organic compounds ... x Cerulenin Cetrimonium bromide (Cetrimide) - C19H42BrN Chelerythrine Chromomycin A3 Chaparonin Chitin α-Chloralose Chlorophyll ...
It is also one of the chemical compounds found in castoreum. This compound is gathered from the beaver's castor sacs.[31] ... Hydroquinone, also known as benzene-1,4-diol or quinol, is an aromatic organic compound that is a type of phenol, a derivative ... Hubel, Karl; Braye, Henri (1960). Process for the preparation of substituted cyclic compounds and products resulting therefrom ... Hydroquinone can undergo mild oxidation to convert to the compound parabenzoquinone, C6H4O2, often called p-quinone or simply ...
Fatty acid esters of polyhydroxy compounds[edit]. Fatty acid esters of glycerol[edit]. *Glycerol monostearate ... Permanently charged quaternary ammonium salts: cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), benzalkonium ... Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a ... The compounds that coat a micelle are typically amphiphilic in nature, meaning that micelles may be stable either as droplets ...
Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs. *Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing ...
... is an organic compound with local anaesthetic, antiseptic and anthelmintic properties.[1] ...
There are limitations including the in vivo loss of this compound limiting the duration of effect.[15] ...
Phytochemistry and Bioactive Compounds. Springer. p. 435. ISBN 3319923870.. ...
It is a basic compound that is most active with an alkaline reaction.[2] It is also a thermostable compound that is soluble in ... The compound is then isolated and purified from the bacterium.[23] DNA binding[edit]. Aminoglycosides such as neomycin are ... Standard grade neomycin is composed of a number of related compounds including neomycin A (neamine), neomycin B (framycetin), ... neomycin C, and a few minor compounds found in much lower quantities. Neomycin B is the most active component in neomycin ...
Phytochemistry and Bioactive Compounds. Springer. p. 435. ISBN 978-3319923871. .. ...
Trifluoromethyl compounds. Hidden categories: *Template:drugs.com link with non-standard subpage ...
Hair follicles have estrogen receptors and it is theorized that topical compounds act on them directly to promote hair growth ...
This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may ... Cetrimonium bromide Cetrimonium chloride They have the ATC codes D08AJ02 (WHO) (as skin antiseptics) and R02AA17 (WHO) (as ... Cetrimonium, cetyl trimethylammonium, or hexadecyltrimethylammonium is a quaternary ammonium cation whose salts are used as ...
Many of these compounds are quaternary ammonium salts, as well as cetrimonium bromide (CTAB). Non-ionic surfactants are non- ... In general, compounds with an HLB between one and four will not mix with water. Compounds with an HLB value above 13 will form ... These compounds have both positively and negatively charged components. An example of a zwitterionic compound is ... Compounds which interact too harshly with oil dispersants should be tested to ensure that they meet three criteria: They should ...
About CETRIMONIUM CHLORIDE: Cetrimonium chloride is a quaternary ammonium compound used as a preservative.. Function(s): ...
food consumption and compound intake. Remarks on result:. other: i.e., equivalent to 51-102 mg/kg bw/day (or 41-83 mg a.i./kg ... FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE: Yes. - Time schedule: Weekly during prebreed for both sexes. For females in 3- or 4-day ... food consumption and compound intake. organ weights and organ / body weight ratios. gross pathology. Remarks on result:. other ... food consumption and compound intake. organ weights and organ / body weight ratios. gross pathology. Remarks on result:. other ...
The invention relates to agents that are to be applied to the skin or hair and contain compounds for intensifying tanning of ... The following compounds have proven to be useful as combination partners, i.e., in addition to compounds (I) and (VIII) in the ... These compounds according to the invention have proven useful as agents for application to the skin or the hair. The compounds ... As further combination compounds, compounds are preferably used that can be chosen from the group neurosporine, 7,8-dihydro-ψ,ψ ...
Cetrimonium chlorideCetrimonium chloride. CAS Number:. 112-02-7. Molecular formula:. ... Cetrimonium chlorideCetrimonium chloride. CAS Number:. 112-02-7. Molecular formula:. ... Cetrimonium chlorideCetrimonium chloride. CAS Number:. 112-02-7. Molecular formula:. ... Cetrimonium chlorideCetrimonium chloride. CAS Number:. 112-02-7. Molecular formula:. ...
Cetrimonium. Cyclopropane mycolic acid synthase MmaA2. target. DB01718. Cetrimonium. Cyclopropane mycolic acid synthase 1. ... Cetrimonium. Not Available. DB00122. Choline. For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance ... Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with ... Typically employed as the cetylpyridinium chloride salt, this compound is commonly used as an active ingredient in various over ...
Detergents are compounds that cause bacterial cell death by way of interrupting the lipid component of cell membranes. The ... Examples of detergent-type preservatives include benzalkonium chloride (BAK) and cetrimonium.[3] ...
Quaternary Ammonium compounds:used to provide conditioning, some detergency, emulsion stabilization:. Behentrimonium chloride. ... Amodimethicone (and) Trideceth-12 (and) Cetrimonium. Chloride mixture that is soluble in water in the bottle. Behenoxy ... Cetrimonium chloride. Cinnamidopropyltrimonium chloride. Cocotrimonium chloride. Dicetyldimonium chloride. Dicocodimonium ...
Classification: Quaternary Ammonium Compound Cas No. : 57-09-0 Molecular Formula: C16H33(CH3)3NBr Molecular Weight: 364.446 ... Synonym: Cetrimonium Bromide CTAB HTAB CTABr TAC-16 1632 hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide. ...
Cetrimonium Bromide and Steartrimonium Chloride are quaternary ammonium salts. The quaternary nitrogen atom in these compounds ... Cetrimonium Chloride and Cetrimonium Bromide also help to cleanse the skin or to prevent odor by destroying or inhibiting the ... The safety of Cetrimonium Chloride, Cetrimonium Bromide and Steartrimonium Chloride has been assessed by the Cosmetic ... Cetrimonium Chloride and Cetrimonium Bromide are also used as cosmetic biocides and surfactants (cleansing, emulsifying, and ...
Cetrimonium Chloride is a quaternary ammonium compound with the following functions...,br/, ,br, Antistatic Agent, Cosmetic ... Biocide, Emulsifying agent and Surfactant, Antimicrobial, Preservative.,br/, ,br, INCI: Cetrimonium Chloride.,br/, ,br, T ... Cetrimonium Chloride is a quaternary ammonium compound with the following functions.... Antistatic Agent, Cosmetic Biocide, ... Cetrimonium Chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt. In cosmetics and personal care products it is used in the formulation of ...
Fragrance is called Fragrance no matter what compounds are used to make it. This is changing but for now, its correct. ... So, a 16-Carbon attached to a Nitrogen with three methyl groups is Cetrimonium Chloride. ... When these Nitrogen containing compounds are turned into salts, the suffix "-monium" is added. ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds are any of a group of ammonium salts in which organic radicals have been substituted for all four ... Cetrimonium Bromide ( CAS 57-09-0). *Cetylpyridinium Chloride (CAS 123-03-5) ... Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides; Benzyl-C12-C16-alkyldimethyl ammonium chlorides; Alkyl( ... They show a variety of physical, chemical, and biological properties and most compounds are soluble in water and strong ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds are any of a group of ammonium salts in which organic radicals have been substituted for all four ... Cetrimonium Bromide ( CAS 57-09-0). *Cetylpyridinium Chloride (CAS 123-03-5) ... They show a variety of physical, chemical, and biological properties and most compounds are soluble in water and strong ...
Gentle disinfectant for deep cleansing of the hair and antistatic compoundCetrimonium Chloride: Cationic surfactant that ... Gentle disinfectant for deep cleansing of the hair and antistatic compoundCetrimonium Chloride: Cationic surfactant that ... Cetrimonium Chloride (and) Trideceth-12: Provides the hair with a high quality finish, leaving it glossy and easy to manage • ... Cetrimonium Chloride (and) Trideceth-12: Provides the hair with a high quality finish, leaving it glossy and easy to manage • ...
Choline chloride is an organic compound and a quaternary ammonium salt. It has a choline cation with chloride anion. ... Cetrimonium Chloride Application: Phase transfer catalyst... ...
... a carbonium compound, a phosphonium compound, an oxonium compound, a halonium compound, a cationic organometallic compound, a ... cetrimonium bromide, cetrimorήum chloride, cethylamine hydrofluoride, chlorallybnethenamine chloride (Quaternium-15), ... a pyridinium compound, an anilinium compound, an ammonium compound, a hydroxylammonium compound, a primary ammonium compound, a ... a tertiary ammonium compound, and quarternary ammonium compounds of the formula NRiR2R3R4^. For compounds of the formula NRiR2R ...
... taurate surfactant compounds, and sarcosinate surfactant compounds, according to structure (1): wherein: R1 is alkyl, alkenyl, ... also known as CETAB or cetrimonium bromide), cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (also known as cetrimonium chloride), myristyl ... compounds produced by the condensation of alkylene oxide groups with an organic hydrophobic compound, which may be aliphatic, ... If one to three of R15, R16, R17 and R18 are each H, then the compound may be referred to as an amine salt. Some examples of ...
Some of the more common cationic surfactants are monofunctional cationic compounds such as cetrimonium chloride or quaternary ... Surfactants are amazing compounds that we could not live without. We use them in hand soap, laundry detergent, and shampoos, ... Behentrimonium methosulfate is an example of an quaternary ammonium ingredient that contains the sulfate compound (SO42-), but ... the chemical process to produce this ingredient is less irritating and creates a more neutral/stable compound. As a matter of ...
The toxicity of metals to microorganisms directly relates to the affinity of the metal to thiol compounds such as glutathione ... cetrimonium chloride/bromide (cetrimide), cetylpyridinium chloride, alkyl amino alkyl glycines and didecyldimethylammonium ... Friedman, M. (2015). Antibiotic-resistant bacteria: prevalence in food and inactivation by food-compatible compounds and plant ... the role of quaternary ammonium compounds-a critical review. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 39, 381-389. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag ...
Cetrimonium bromide , , , ,,, , ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available ... The closely related compounds cetrimonium chloride and cetrimonium stearate are also used as topic antiseptics, and may be ... Cetrimonium Encyclopedia Article. Quaternary ammonium cation, Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, Cetrimonium chloride, ATC ... Ito., Emma (November 2009). "Editorial". Potential Use of Cetrimonium Bromide as an Apoptosis-Promoting Anticancer Agent for ...
... cetrimonium chloride, cetrimonium bromide, cetrimonium methosulfate, cetrimonium tosylate, cetylpyridinium chloride, dibehenyl/ ... Examples of such compounds include stearamidopropyl dimethylamine. Particularly preferred are amidoamine compounds complexed ... More preferably in the C monomer m is 1, n is 2, o is 10, and R is C18 or stearyl, and the compound is steareth-10 allyl ether/ ... Suitable quaternary ammonium compounds may be mono-long chain alkyl, di-long chain alkyl, tri-long chain alkyl, and the like. ...
Many conditioners include chemicals to help produce tangle-free strands; compounds such as fquaternium 15 and 18, cetrimonium ...
A compound that releases more acidifying ions when the acidity gets low, or absorbs acid when the acidity gets too high, is ... cetrimonium chloride. ... These compounds are also widely used as fabric softeners, for ... Conditioners are compounds added to keep the hair cuticle smooth and slippery. Silicone oils such as dimethicone and ... The "quats", as they are called, include compounds like stearalkonium chloride, disteardimonium chloride, quaternium-5 or ...
... cetrimonium compounds ; chromatography, affinity ; chromatography, gel ; detergents ; electrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel ; ...
The isolated active compound is certainly more potent than the natural source material but that sometimes is disadvantageous. ... Cetrimonium Chloride Hair Conditioning Agent. Parfum Fragrance. Phenoxyethanol Preservative. TEA-DodecylbenzeneSulfonate ... limonene is an isolated compound that naturally occurs in lemon essential oil. It can be synthesized Im sure in the lab and ... Does the C8 H8 O3, describe the chemical structure and compounds that make up vanilla? I assume they are individual chemical ...
Cetrimonium Compounds/chemistry , Cetrimonium Compounds/pharmacology , Chlorhexidine/analogs & derivatives , Chlorhexidine/ ... Aluminum Compounds , Chemistry , Bentonite , Chemistry , Calcium Chloride , Chemistry , Cations , Cetrimonium Compounds , ... Cetrimonium Compounds , Chemistry , Chemical Precipitation , DNA , Genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Escherichia coli , ... Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Bacterial Load , Biofilms , Cetrimonium Compounds , Chlorhexidine , Dental Pulp Cavity , ...
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats): Listed on labels as benzalkonium chloride, cetrimonium bromide, quaternium-15 and ... These compounds are used in a wide range of cleaning products and disinfectants as germicides, preservatives and surfactants. ... The US Environmental Protection Agency found that 100% of perfumes contain toluene, a toxic volatile organic compound (VOC). ... quaternium 1-29, these compounds are caustic and can irritate the eyes. Quaternium-15 is a formaldehyde releaser and the number ...
... manufactured quaternary ammonium compounds (usually referred to as quats), including benzalkonium chloride, cetrimide, and ... and cetrimonium bromide. ... manufactured quaternary ammonium compounds (usually referred to ...
  • Cetrimonium chloride is a quaternary ammonium compound used as a preservative. (ewg.org)
  • Show all 815 recent products that contain CETRIMONIUM CHLORIDE. (ewg.org)
  • Cetrimonium, cetyl trimethylammonium, or hexadecyltrimethylammonium is a quaternary ammonium cation whose salts are used as antiseptics: Cetrimonium bromide Cetrimonium chloride They have the ATC codes D08AJ02 (WHO) (as skin antiseptics) and R02AA17 (WHO) (as throat antiseptics). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride, Cetrimonium Bromide and Steartrimonium Chloride are quaternary ammonium salts. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride and Cetrimonium Bromide also help to cleanse the skin or to prevent odor by destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms and by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed away. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride and Bromide, and Steartrimonium Chloride, carry a positive charge that attracts them to the slightly negatively charged skin and hair proteins, accounting for their use as antistatics. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Repeated insult patch tests of concentrations of up to 0.25% Cetrimonium Chloride produced no sensitization reactions, although irritation was observed during induction. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Bromide, Cetrimonium Chloride, and Steartrimonium Chloride are listed as alkyl (C12-C22) trimethyl ammonium bromide and chloride in the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride and Cetrimonium Bromide are also used as cosmetic biocides and surfactants (cleansing, emulsifying, and suspending agents) and Steartrimonium Chloride is used as a surfactant . (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride is a quaternary ammonium compound with the following functions. (thesoapkitchen.co.uk)
  • Cetrimonium Chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt. (thesoapkitchen.co.uk)
  • Some of the more common cationic surfactants are monofunctional cationic compounds such as cetrimonium chloride or quaternary ammonium compounds such as dicetyldimonium chloride and behentrimoium methosulfate (BTMS). (naturallycurly.com)
  • compounds such as fquaternium 15 and 18, cetrimonium bromide and benzalkonium chloride. (pollutionissues.co.uk)
  • The closely related compounds cetrimonium chloride and cetrimonium stearate are also used as topic antiseptics, and may be found in many household products such as shampoos and cosmetics, while cetrimonium bromide, due to its high cost, is only found in select cosmetics. (gutenberg.org)
  • Novo Nordisk Pharmatech is a Novo Nordisk company specialising in the supply of ingredients for the biopharmaceutical and pharmaceutical industries, such as human insulin for cell culture media and current good manufacturing practices (cGMP) manufactured quaternary ammonium compounds (usually referred to as quats), including benzalkonium chloride, cetrimide, and cetrimonium bromide. (pharmaceutical-technology.com)
  • Gold(III) chloride, traditionally called auric chloride, is a chemical compound of gold and chlorine.With the molecular formula Au 2 Cl 6, the name gold trichloride is a simplification, referring to the empirical formula, AuCl 3. (jdgcareers.co.za)
  • The most common compound is sodium chloride. (jdgcareers.co.za)
  • Cetrimonium chloride is an ammonium salts used in shampoos and conditioners to reduce or inhibit the buildup of static electricity. (jdgcareers.co.za)
  • Quaternary ammonium compound and close cousin of cetrimonium chloride. (maneobjective.com)
  • They use either Cetrimonium Chloride or Stearalkonium Chloride which are better cleansers. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • Some common examples include Cetrimonium Chloride and Stearalkonium Chloride. (chemistscorner.com)
  • Cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride is a cationic compound and is compatible with cationic and nonionic surface active agents, and most polar solvents. (cocojojo.com)
  • 2. The composition of claim 1, wherein (a) is chosen from behentrimonium chloride, cetrimonium chloride and cetyldimonium chloride. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • High levels of purity for products such as Benzalkonium Chloride, Cetrimide, Cetrimonium Bromide (CTAB) and a range of others make them particularly suited for pharmaceutical applications. (novonordiskpharmatech.com)
  • Long answer: These soaps (see here for the complete list) contain the so called quaternary ammonium compounds Benzalkonium chloride and Cetrimonium chloride which indeed have antimicrobial properties. (stackexchange.com)
  • In addition, Cetrimonium Bromide has the ability to disrupt the surface membranes of microorganisms and has been used in antiseptics. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • CIR Safety Review: The CIR Expert Panel reviewed data that indicated that Cetrimonium Bromide given orally is poorly absorbed from the intestine. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Bromide applied dermally was absorbed into the skin, but not rapidly. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium Bromide caused developmental effects following intraperitoneal injection of 35 or 10 mg/kg. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Cetrimonium bromide ((C 16 H 33 )N(CH 3 ) 3 Br, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) is an amine based cationic quaternary surfactant . (gutenberg.org)
  • under mono and dual-species biofilms, onto stainless steel 316 (SS) and polypropylene B (PP), and their sensitivity to cetrimonium bromide, peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite. (bvsalud.org)
  • and the most effective disinfectant was peracetic acid (3500 ppm), reducing by more than 5 Log10 CFU/cm2, while the least effective was cetrimonium bromide. (bvsalud.org)
  • A potential therapeutic agent for human head and neck cancer (HNC), cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), was identified through a cell-based phenotype-driven high-throughput screen (HTS) of 2000 biologically active or clinically used compounds, followed by in vitro and in vivo characterization of its antitumor efficacy. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Surfactants are amazing compounds that we could not live without. (naturallycurly.com)
  • Surfactants are versatile compounds in cosmetic products so it is no wonder that they find use as conditioning agents. (chemistscorner.com)
  • Thus, using an HTS approach, CTAB was identified as a potential apoptogenic quaternary ammonium compound possessing in vitro and in vivo efficacy against HNC models. (aspetjournals.org)
  • [1] The cetrimonium (or hexadecyltrimethylammonium) cation is an effective antiseptic agent against bacteria and fungi. (gutenberg.org)
  • E. sodium metabisulphite or sodium pyrosulphite) is an inorganic compound of chemical formula Na2S2O5. (c4nmarketplace.com)
  • Behentrimonium methosulfate is an example of an quaternary ammonium ingredient that contains the sulfate compound (SO 4 2- ), but due to it being a cationic surfactant, the chemical process to produce this ingredient is less irritating and creates a more neutral/stable compound. (naturallycurly.com)
  • Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. (drugbank.ca)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds are any of a group of ammonium salts in which organic radicals have been substituted for all four hydrogens of the original ammonium cation. (chemicalland21.com)
  • When these nitrogen-containing compounds are turned into salts, the suffix -monium is added. (chemistscorner.com)
  • An innovative synthesis process makes Novo Nordisk Pharmatech a leading supplier of crystalline Quarternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats) for a wide range of applications. (novonordiskpharmatech.com)
  • [1] Its isolation as a relatively pure compound was first achieved by Persian alchemists who developed the art of distillation during the Abbasid caliphate , the most notable of whom was Al-Razi . (wikidoc.org)
  • They show a variety of physical, chemical, and biological properties and most compounds are soluble in water and strong electrolytes. (chemicalland21.com)
  • This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. (wikipedia.org)
  • This tutorial introduces chemical compounds. (jdgcareers.co.za)
  • This is the IUPAC system and it allows you to figure out the chemical structure of any compound by its name. (chemistscorner.com)
  • Ethanol , also known as ethyl alcohol , drinking alcohol or grain alcohol , is a flammable, colorless, slightly toxic chemical compound , and is best known as the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages . (wikidoc.org)
  • Antoine Lavoisier described ethanol as a compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and in 1808, Nicolas-Théodore de Saussure determined ethanol's chemical formula. (wikidoc.org)
  • Fifty years later Archibald Scott Couper published a structural formula for ethanol, which places ethanol among the first of chemical compounds to have its chemical structures determined. (wikidoc.org)
  • C. lower than the melting point of the high melting point fatty compound. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 7. The method of claim 1, wherein the emulsion is a gel matrix comprising cationic surfactant, high melting point fatty compound, and aqueous carrier. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule. (drugbank.com)
  • A compound that can be used as a topical antiseptic. (drugbank.com)
  • Thiomersal ( INN ) (C 9 H 9 HgNaO 2 S), commonly known in the United States as thimerosal , is an organomercury compound (approximately 49% mercury by weight) used as an antiseptic and antifungal agent . (wikidoc.org)
  • SLS and SLES are actually not single compounds, but complex mixtures of different materials. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The invention relates to agents that are to be applied to the skin or hair and contain compounds for intensifying tanning of the skin and increasing melanin synthesis in skin or hair. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Due to its antioxidant properties, this compound reduces the rate of melanin synthesis, thus preventing skin darkening after UV exposure. (cocojojo.com)
  • 26. The composition of claim 25, wherein the composition comprises a compound of formula (III). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 8-Hydroxyquinoline is an organic compound with the formula C 9 H 7 NO. It is a derivative of the heterocycle quinoline by placement of an OH group on carbon number 8. (wikidoc.org)
  • P-Phenylenediamine (PPD) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(NH2)2. (c4nmarketplace.com)
  • Extracts from Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana), as well as green tea (Camellia sinensis), the fern Polypodium leucotomos and others contain antioxidant polyphenolic compounds that may protect the skin from sunburn and photo-aging when administered topically or systemically[6]. (c4nmarketplace.com)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds, (hydrogenated. (europa.eu)
  • A quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in hyperlipoproteinemia. (drugbank.com)
  • This quaternary ammonium compound is preferably used as a conditioning additive. (dewolfchem.com)
  • Ethanol's hydroxyl group is able to participate in hydrogen bonding, rendering it more viscous and less volatile than less polar organic compounds of similar molecular weight. (wikidoc.org)
  • The molecule responsible for the ion channel opening effect has a lower molecular weight than minoxidil and features several important advantages over the now outdated minoxidil compound. (anagen.net)
  • Examples of detergent-type preservatives include benzalkonium chloride (BAK) and cetrimonium. (medscape.com)
  • Compound close in composition to Behentrimonium Chloride. (maneobjective.com)
  • On the ingredient tip, the Detangling Hydration Conditioner contains some of my absolute favorite ingredients - like aloe vera, avocado oil, and cetrimonium chloride. (maneobjective.com)
  • And let me love on cetrimonium chloride for a minute. (maneobjective.com)
  • Two common quaternary ammonium compounds, alkyldimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC) and didecyldimethyl ammonium chloride (DDAC), are combined in common cleaners and disinfectants. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • Just like behentrimonium methosulfate, behentrimonium chloride is another type of quaternary ammonium compounds from the group of trimoniums. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • Because nearly every other conditioner uses the same conditioning ingredients - behentrimonium chloride or cetrimonium chloride - which are not biodegradable and can be toxic to waterways. (happyskincare.com.au)
  • A full list of ingredients is given further down but there are no chemical compounds that stand out as being dangerous or hazardous to your health. (incensesage.com)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) are cationic surfactants. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs, quats) belong to organic ionic chemical agents which display unique properties of both surfactants and disinfectants. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • According to the 2012 CIR Safety Assessment of Trimoniums in Cosmetics, this kind of quaternary ammonium compounds is currently used at 0.0005% to 10% in rinse-off and at 0.001% to 4% in leave-on products. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds are considered low-level disinfectants, as defined by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (regiovrachttaxi.nl)
  • Bamboo extract, rich in essential compounds such as amino acids and flavonoids, deeply nourishes hair. (yourtheorie.com)
  • This conditioner establishes a new benchmark for the comprehensive synthesis of hair stimulating compounds. (topbeauty.ee)
  • The compounds used in Spectral.DNC-N, have shown in various clinical studies to promote hair growth and prevent hair loss through opening ion channels within cells, suppress dihydrotestosterone (DHT), prevent perifollicular fibrosis, provide antioxidant effects, prolong the anagen phase of hair follicles, increase expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, suppress protein-kinase-C (PKC) isozymes, and block chronic inflammation. (topbeauty.ee)
  • This compound helps prevent static and build-up in hair. (valotin.us)
  • Thoroughly rinse hair after application, Do not use over compound henna or progressive color. (stopandshop.com)
  • These compounds help to condition, strengthen and repair damaged hair. (happyskincare.com.au)
  • DS Laboratories Spectral.DNC-N® is the first topical hair-loss treatment to employ 5% Nanoxidil®, a powerful new alternative to Minoxidil, a compound with high efficacy, low molecular weight, and no known side effects. (topbeauty.ee)
  • Key compounds promote hair growth at the hairline as well as at the vertex. (topbeauty.ee)
  • Petroleum based chemicals are some of the most toxic in our world, and are used in many synthetic compounds such as oil based paint, perfume, cosmetics, many cleaning products, petrol, baby oil, medicinal creams and some medications. (circle-of-life.ca)
  • a natural, plant-derived compound that provides instant, deep hydration and generates a moisture reservoir that lasts for up to 72 hours. (petology.net)
  • Allergens are naturally occurring compounds from natural oils. (innersenseorganicbeauty.co.uk)
  • Contains compounds that can increase estrogen levels, stimulates collagen production and increases natural skin oils. (avivahair.com)
  • They understand the many fascinating properties of those exciting plant compounds while using the latest and greatest methods to incorporate them into a wide range of products. (purecbdvapors.com)