Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Bupropion: A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Nicotinic Agonists: Drugs that bind to and activate nicotinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC). Nicotinic agonists act at postganglionic nicotinic receptors, at neuroeffector junctions in the peripheral nervous system, and at nicotinic receptors in the central nervous system. Agents that function as neuromuscular depolarizing blocking agents are included here because they activate nicotinic receptors, although they are used clinically to block nicotinic transmission.Hotlines: A direct communication system, usually telephone, established for instant contact. It is designed to provide special information and assistance through trained personnel and is used for counseling, referrals, and emergencies such as poisonings and threatened suicides.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Anesthesia Recovery Period: The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Benzazepines: Compounds with BENZENE fused to AZEPINES.Directive Counseling: Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching: A method used to study the lateral movement of MEMBRANE PROTEINS and LIPIDS. A small area of a cell membrane is bleached by laser light and the amount of time necessary for unbleached fluorescent marker-tagged proteins to diffuse back into the bleached site is a measurement of the cell membrane's fluidity. The diffusion coefficient of a protein or lipid in the membrane can be calculated from the data. (From Segen, Current Med Talk, 1995).QuinoxalinesHealth Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Recovery Room: Hospital unit providing continuous monitoring of the patient following anesthesia.United StatesTherapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation: A structurally and mechanistically diverse group of drugs that are not tricyclics or monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The most clinically important appear to act selectively on serotonergic systems, especially by inhibiting serotonin reuptake.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Telephone: An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Ganglionic Stimulants: Agents that mimic neural transmission by stimulation of the nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Drugs that indirectly augment ganglionic transmission by increasing the release or slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine or by non-nicotinic effects on postganglionic neurons are not included here nor are the nonspecific cholinergic agonists.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Nortriptyline: A metabolite of AMITRIPTYLINE that is also used as an antidepressive agent. Nortriptyline is used in major depression, dysthymia, and atypical depressions.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Convalescence: The period of recovery following an illness.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Nerve Regeneration: Renewal or physiological repair of damaged nerve tissue.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Carbon Monoxide: Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Mice, Inbred C57BLBrain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Neurolinguistic Programming: A set of models of how communication impacts and is impacted by subjective experience. Techniques are generated from these models by sequencing of various aspects of the models in order to change someone's internal representations. Neurolinguistic programming is concerned with the patterns or programming created by the interactions among the brain, language, and the body, that produce both effective and ineffective behavior.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Telefacsimile: A telecommunication system combining the transmission of a document scanned at a transmitter, its reconstruction at a receiving station, and its duplication there by a copier.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Transdermal Patch: A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.WisconsinText Messaging: Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Phosphocreatine: An endogenous substance found mainly in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. It has been tried in the treatment of cardiac disorders and has been added to cardioplegic solutions. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1996)Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.
  • Although interventions in the operating room and in the postoperative ward are important for improving postoperative outcomes in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS ® ) pathways, an ERAS ® approach for preoperative care is equally important for achieving optimal outcomes. (lww.com)
  • 13 A recent systematic review addressed the utility of PREHAB to improve postoperative cardiorespiratory function and outcomes. (lww.com)
  • The combination of dexmedetomidine to propofol with a low dose for sedation during MRI gives better induction + recovery time, improves hemodynamics, and decreases incidence of emergence phenomena and sedation failure. (springer.com)
  • Nevertheless, many studies have shown that smoking cessation improves the accelerated decline in forced expiratory volume in one second, which strongly indicates that important inflammatory and/or remodelling processes are positively affected. (ersjournals.com)
  • Tests (including thyroid function tests) and implant the egg in the with: Makes You Lean Improves Conditioning Boost Lean Mass Increased Vascularity Boost Performance. (gomiso.com)
  • Remedial exercises for the brain have been shown to facilitate recovery from impairment.Activities requiring the use of executive/ higher cognitive functions, known to be affected by excessive drinking, can reduce shrinkage in the Cortex - center for the higher level functions - and improve these functions over time. (sovcal.com)
  • Mechanisms that presume diffuse bilateral atrophy in all alcoholics are proposed to explain the differential impairment of visuospatial functions in long-term alcoholics. (usf.edu)
  • We evaluated 202,195 kidney transplant candidates and recipients from a linkage between the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and cancer registries, and compared incidence in kidney function intervals (time with a transplant) with incidence in nonfunction intervals (waitlist or time after transplant failure), adjusting for demographic factors. (asnjournals.org)
  • Incidence of infection-related and immune-related cancer was higher during kidney function intervals than during nonfunction intervals. (asnjournals.org)
  • 3 , 4 Cancer incidence across intervals of kidney function and failure has been assessed only in one Australian study. (asnjournals.org)
  • There was a significant difference between the DP group induction recovery time, hemodynamics, and Ramsey sedation score up to 5 min after the induction to the other two groups, and there was a significant difference between the DK group to the other two groups concerning emergence phenomena (agitation, altered perception, hallucination) and sedation failure. (springer.com)
  • Collectively, these data demonstrate the significant restoration of diaphragm function and nerve activity at chronic points following cervical SCI due to matrix modification, induction of plasticity and facilitation of drive. (physoc.org)
  • Increased vaginal oxidative stress, apoptosis, function in diabetic rats by insulin: possible role of the insulin- and inducible nitric oxide synthase in a diabetic rat model: like growth factor system. (emhrf.org)
  • As is detailed elsewhere in this issue, enhanced recovery pathways integrate evidence-based best practices across the spectrum of perioperative care. (lww.com)
  • Although DCD was the initial form of deceased organ donation, it was eclipsed by recovery of organs from individuals declared dead according to neurologic criteria after these criteria were established and evidence showed improved graft function from such donors. (aappublications.org)
  • ERAS was created to enhance perioperative care, improve recovery through evidence-based research, and to implement evidence-based practice. (termedia.pl)
  • Evidence for glycinergic signaling within the SON is a novel result that has important implications for understanding inhibitory function in the auditory brainstem. (physiology.org)
  • Finally, we reviewed growing evidence supporting the notion that plasticity-dependent recovery could be improved managing sleep quality, while monitoring EEG during sleep may help to explain how specific rehabilitative paradigms work. (hindawi.com)
  • Upon evidence of hematologic or other toxicity , the drug should be discontinued until there has been satisfactory recovery. (wikidoc.org)
  • As a result, recipients may undergo successive intervals of kidney function and nonfunction. (asnjournals.org)
  • Understanding how cancer risk changes as individuals with ESRD move between periods of dialysis (kidney nonfunction intervals) and transplant periods (kidney function intervals) can provide insight into cancer etiology. (asnjournals.org)
  • In addition to AKI, PPI use may cause chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to the secondary effects of AKI and hypomagnesaemia, which has been independently associated with declining kidney function. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Finally, CRS type 5 describes a systemic insult to both the heart and the kidneys, such as sepsis, where both organs are injured simultaneously in persons with previously normal heart and kidney function at baseline. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The main aim of the present paper is to review studies showing how sleep-dependent plasticity could be involved in functional recovery from different neuropsychological conditions (poststroke brain damage, obstructive sleep apnea, Alzheimer's disease, and autism) and to provide insights on how the efficacy of rehabilitation protocols could be improved by methods which enhance sleep-dependent plasticity. (hindawi.com)
  • Endothelial function was assessed as flow-mediated dilation (FMD) using ultrasound. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Decreases in corporeal vascular endothelial cological effect of ethanol on the function of rabbit corpo-- growth factor expression precede vasoreactivity changes in ral cavernosal tissue. (emhrf.org)
  • Overview: Electro-acupuncture was found to have a beneficial effect on various pathogenetic components of this patient population, which was confirmed by cessation of subjective complaints, body mass reduction and decrease of fatty tissue content, increased performance abilities, recovery of cardiovascular function, and normalization of blood serum lipids. (pacherbs.com)
  • Drug can be forgotten as oxymetholone promotes a speedy recovery of the may be chemically similar that has been taking them for about 2 months and does not do any physical. (tipjoy.com)
  • But this supported by grants from critical buy HGH advanced look at the positive impact the drug who use advantages when it comes to physique, athletic performance, and recovery. (reed-electronics.com)
  • To address those resulting ethical questions and establish a public policy consensus, a presidential commission in 1981 concluded that "humans shall be pronounced dead when all brain functions are lost irreversibly, even if the heart and respiratory function continue. (thedailybeast.com)
  • 1-10 These efforts may reduce anxiety, improve recovery, enhance would healing, and decrease hospital length of stay (LOS). (lww.com)
  • Results showed an increase in the oesophageal diameter index (ODI) during vermeersiekte, accompanied with a decrease in oesophageal function (OF). (scielo.org.za)
  • Aerobic capacity typically declines an average of 10% per decade in nonathletic subjects, 5,6 mediated by a decrease in stroke volume, 5 maximal heart rate, 7 blood flow to skeletal muscle, 8 and skeletal muscle function. (ahajournals.org)
  • Ambulatory surgery centres have increased across the USA, related to the expansion of minimally invasive and noninvasive procedures and advances in anaesthesia and analgesia with improved drugs with better duration, quicker recovery, and fewer side effects. (termedia.pl)
  • The number and intensity of effects noticed or felt during recovery varies from person to person, and even between each person's own cessation experiences. (tapatalk.com)
  • This pattern of abuse can also increase the effects of cravings and withdrawals, which in turn, makes a person unable to function "normally" without their substance of choice. (sobercollege.com)
  • 1-3 Studies of different cells from the human body reveal the effects of elevated hydrostatic pressure on cell shape and function. (bmj.com)
  • The study design separated practice effects from actual recovery via administration of the 1st testing to each of 3 groups of 16 alcoholics (matched for age, education, and drinking history) at 5, 15, and 25 days, respectively, after drinking ceased. (usf.edu)
  • How long was these effects are inconsistent, slow and and post-workout recovery. (reed-electronics.com)
  • The multiple functions of CD40/CD154 in the immune and inflammatory response have made it an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in autoimmune disease. (docme.ru)
  • The brain's frontal lobes are involved in higher-order cognitive function, such as learning, short-term memory, reasoning, planning, problem solving, and emotional control," explained Anderson Mon, senior research fellow in the department of radiology at the University of California, San Francisco and corresponding author for the study. (eurekalert.org)
  • While it can be trying at times, this part of recovery is critical in readjusting the brain's functions. (sobercollege.com)
  • Deficits in brain function can make it difficult to control impulses or shift between activities, particularly when the brain is still forming critical connections. (sobercollege.com)
  • ERAS can also be referred to as a "process" that involves every aspect of surgery that can affect patient recovery including preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care. (termedia.pl)
  • 6 A number of subsequent reports and consensus statements have addressed points of controversy, such as the waiting period before the declaration of death and the use of premortem interventions to improve graft function. (aappublications.org)
  • There was no correlation between the platelet counts and the hematocrits, white cell counts, serum or red cell folate levels, or liver function tests. (annals.org)