Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Sleep Apnea, Obstructive: A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.Sleep Apnea, Central: A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.Polysomnography: Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Snoring: Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.Bupropion: A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Palate, Soft: A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.Uvula: A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.Mandibular Advancement: Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).Positive-Pressure Respiration: A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.Disorders of Excessive Somnolence: Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Nicotinic Agonists: Drugs that bind to and activate nicotinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC). Nicotinic agonists act at postganglionic nicotinic receptors, at neuroeffector junctions in the peripheral nervous system, and at nicotinic receptors in the central nervous system. Agents that function as neuromuscular depolarizing blocking agents are included here because they activate nicotinic receptors, although they are used clinically to block nicotinic transmission.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Oximetry: The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sleep, REM: A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.Cheyne-Stokes Respiration: An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Wakefulness: A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.Hotlines: A direct communication system, usually telephone, established for instant contact. It is designed to provide special information and assistance through trained personnel and is used for counseling, referrals, and emergencies such as poisonings and threatened suicides.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Airway Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Pharyngeal Muscles: The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.Pulmonary Ventilation: The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Bradycardia: Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Occlusal Splints: Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.Hypercapnia: A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Benzazepines: Compounds with BENZENE fused to AZEPINES.Directive Counseling: Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.Orthodontic Appliances, Removable: Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.QuinoxalinesNasal Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.Airway Resistance: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Oropharynx: The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Laryngeal Nerves: Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Chemoreceptor Cells: Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood.Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.United StatesNose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Hyoid Bone: A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Hypocapnia: Clinical manifestation consisting of a deficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Supine Position: The posture of an individual lying face up.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Monitoring, Ambulatory: The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Hypoventilation: A reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Mouth Breathing: Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.Hypopharynx: The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Respiratory System: The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.Infant, Premature, DiseasesHyperventilation: A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.Inhalation: The act of BREATHING in.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Therapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Hypoglossal Nerve: The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Fluid Shifts: Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.Oxygen Inhalation Therapy: Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Respiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Exhalation: The act of BREATHING out.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation: A structurally and mechanistically diverse group of drugs that are not tricyclics or monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The most clinically important appear to act selectively on serotonergic systems, especially by inhibiting serotonin reuptake.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Telephone: An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)Phrenic Nerve: The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome: Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)Electrooculography: Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Partial Pressure: The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Hypnotics and Sedatives: Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Brain Death: A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Respiratory Center: Part of the brain located in the MEDULLA OBLONGATA and PONS. It receives neural, chemical and hormonal signals, and controls the rate and depth of respiratory movements of the DIAPHRAGM and other respiratory muscles.Masks: Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Respiratory Muscles: These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Sleep Deprivation: The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Asphyxia: A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Glossectomy: Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)Sudden Infant Death: The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)Ganglionic Stimulants: Agents that mimic neural transmission by stimulation of the nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Drugs that indirectly augment ganglionic transmission by increasing the release or slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine or by non-nicotinic effects on postganglionic neurons are not included here nor are the nonspecific cholinergic agonists.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Nortriptyline: A metabolite of AMITRIPTYLINE that is also used as an antidepressive agent. Nortriptyline is used in major depression, dysthymia, and atypical depressions.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic: Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Palatine Tonsil: A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Tracheotomy: Surgical incision of the trachea.Pulmonary Stretch Receptors: Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Respiratory Rate: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Rhinomanometry: Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Glottis: The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Ventilators, Negative-Pressure: Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").Spirometry: Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.Narcolepsy: A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Oxyhemoglobins: A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Periodicity: The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
Apnea is defined as "the cessation of breathing". Prolonged apnea refers to a patient who has stopped breathing for a long ... Respiratory arrest is caused by apnea (cessation of breathing) due to failure of the lungs to function effectively. ... Cessation of unsuccessful pediatric resuscitation -- how long is too long? Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:332-336. ... These symptoms will lead to apnea without any signs of warning. Diagnosis requires clinical evaluation. If there was a foreign ...
Apnea of prematurity is officially described as a cessation of breathing for more than 15-20 seconds, usually accompanied by ... Doxapram can also be used as a treatment for neonatal apnea, but it can be dangerous, so caution must be taken. Doxapram has ... Schmidt, Barbara (May 18, 2006). "Caffeine Therapy for Apnea of Prematurity". New England Journal of Medicine. 354 (20): 2112- ... Schmidt, Barbara (November 8, 2007). "Long-Term Effects of Caffeine Therapy for Apnea of Prematurity". New England Journal of ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome
... mainly apneas and hypopneas. Apnea is a complete or near complete cessation of airflow for at least 10 seconds followed by an ... instead of an obstructive apnea. Pulse oximetry determines changes in blood oxygen levels that often occur with sleep apnea and ... Some patients will open and close their mouth while obstructive apneas occur. This forces air in and out of the mouth while no ... J----, age 41, 5′8″ tall, 265 lbs., came to the sleep lab to rule out obstructive sleep apnea. He complains of some snoring and ...
Sleep apnea, an involuntary cessation of breathing that occurs during sleep, affects at least 3% to 5% of the adult population ... "Sleep Apnea: Risk Factors". Mayo Clinic. Carley, D. W.; Olopade, C.; Ruigt, G. S.; Radulovacki, M. (January 2007). "Efficacy of ... Sleep apnea can lead to high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, memory problems, weight gain, headaches and death. Since ... In addition, the prevalence of sleep-related apnea is dramatically elevated in the elderly, ranging from 28% to 67% of that ...
Suffocation, including temporary interruption temporary cessation of breathing as in obstructive sleep apnea, or bedclothes may ... During sleep, the breathing centers of the brain can pause their activity, leading to prolonged periods of apnea with ... a state of decreased carbon dioxide in the blood Central sleep apnea. ...
Hypertensive heart disease
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
... brief episodes of apnea (cessation of breathing) during the night, interrupted sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. In OHS, ... The first is OHS in the context of obstructive sleep apnea; this is confirmed by the occurrence of 5 or more episodes of apnea ... Furthermore, episodes of nighttime acidosis (e.g. due to sleep apnea) lead to compensation by the kidneys with retention of the ... Most people with obesity hypoventilation syndrome have concurrent obstructive sleep apnea, a condition characterized by snoring ...
It has also been used to support smoking cessation programs. Protriptyline is available as 5 mg and 10 mg tablets. Doses range ... This drug can also be used for sleep apnea treatment along with a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Protriptyline is used primarily ... Though not indicative of addiction, abrupt cessation of treatment after prolonged therapy may produce nausea, headache, and ...
Obstructive sleep apnea or sleep apnea is defined as either cessation of breathing (apnea) for 10 seconds, or a decrease in ... In obstructive sleep apnea, affected individuals are categorized based on how many apneas or hypopneas (apnea-hypopnea index or ... It is rare to have this procedure performed as the only surgical treatment for sleep apnea, as obstruction in sleep apnea is ... Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on apnea-hypopnea index in obstructive sleep apnea based on long-term compliance ...
Sleep apnea is a common finding in stroke patients but recent research suggests that it is even more prevalent in silent stroke ... Smoking cessation is the most immediate step that can be taken, with the effective management of hypertension the major ... In the study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012 the higher the apnea-hypopnea ... American Stroke Association Meeting Report - Abstract 3434/P161: Sleep apnea linked to silent strokes, small lesions in brain [ ...
... is defined by some to be less severe than apnea (the complete cessation of breathing), while other researchers have ... The apnea-hypopnea index, like the apnea index and hypopnea index, is calculated by dividing the number of apneas and hypopneas ... The Apnea-Hyponea Index (AHI) is an index of severity that combines apneas and hypopneas. Combining them both gives an overall ... In sleep clinics, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome is normally diagnosed based on ...
Any breathing irregularities, mainly apneas and hypopneas. Apnea is a complete or near complete cessation of airflow for at ... B____ manifested 83 obstructive apneas, 3 central apneas, 1 mixed apnea and 28 hypopneas, for an elevated apnea+hypopnea index ... This single-night diagnostic sleep study shows evidence for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). For the full night his apnea+ ... Some patients will open and close their mouth while obstructive apneas occur. This forces air in and out of the mouth while no ...
... is a rare disease that is characterized by cessation of breathing in an infant for at least 20 seconds or a ... There are three major categories of apnea known as central, obstructive, and mixed apnea. Central apnea is characterized by ... Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one and it is more common in premature infants. Symptoms of infantile apnea ... Cases of obstructive apnea are rarely found in infants that are healthy. Mixed apnea is a combination of both central and ...
Apnea of prematurity
... is defined as cessation of breathing by a premature infant that lasts for more than 20 seconds and/or is ... Apnea of prematurity can be readily identified from other forms of infant apnea such as obstructive apnea, hypoventilation ... Central apnea can be detected quickly since it results in absence of respiratory movements. Obstructive apnea can be detected ... Apnea is traditionally classified as either obstructive, central, or mixed. Obstructive apnea may occur when the infant's neck ...
Central sleep apnea
... is expressed as the number of apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep. As noted above, in central sleep apnea, the cessation of ... Central sleep apnea (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is ... Central sleep apnea can also be an indicator of Arnold-Chiari malformation. Individuals without sleep apnea are sleeping while ... If the majority of a sleep-apnea sufferer's apneas/hypopneas are central, his condition is classified as central; likewise, if ...
Obstructive sleep apnea
... can be either an apnea, characterised by complete cessation of airflow for at least 10 seconds, or a hypopnea in which airflow ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the ... To grade the severity of sleep apnea, the number of events per hour is reported as the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). An AHI of ... Some use the terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome to refer to OSA which is ...
Obstructive sleep apnea
An "event" can be either an apnea, characterised by complete cessation of airflow for at least 10 seconds, or a hypopnea in ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the ... Some use the terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome to refer to OSA which is ... a b Friedman: Sleep Apnea and Snoring, 1st ed. 2008 *^ a b Azagra-Calero, E; Espinar-Escalona, E; Barrera-Mora, JM; Llamas- ...
It is divided into four planes: Plane I - from onset of automatic respiration to cessation of eyeball movements. Eyelid reflex ... Plane IV - from complete intercostal paralysis to diaphragmatic paralysis (apnea). Stage IV: from stoppage of respiration till ... from cessation of eyeball movements to beginning of paralysis of intercostal muscles. Laryngeal reflex is lost although ...
Paroxysmal extreme pain disorder
This examination includes the assessment of coma, the absence of brain reflexes, and the assessment of apnea.. ... For this reason, many have argued that the word "irreversible" in this context should be understood to mean "cessation of ... Two categories of legal death are death determined by irreversible cessation of heartbeat and breathing (cardiopulmonary death ... and death determined by irreversible cessation of functions of the brain (brain death). In the United States, each state has ...
Rett Syndrome Sleep Apnea Control of respiration Ventral respiratory group Smith JC, Ellenberger HH, Ballanyi K, Richter DW, ... Its main function is to generate and coordinate respiratory rhythm and breathing cessation. The complex also contributes to ... For this reason, it has been used as a model to study pathological conditions such as apnea of prematurity and sudden infant ... Another synthetic drug specific to the adenosine A2A receptor subtype is CGS-21680 that has been shown to cause apneas in 14- ...
Occupational health psychology
肥胖症 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书
... gel was better than placebo gel in reducing the risk of non-cessation of seizures. Diazepam is rarely used for the ... Elderly and very ill patients can possibly suffer apnea or cardiac arrest. Concomitant use of other central nervous system ... Patients with severe attacks of apnea during sleep may suffer respiratory depression (hypoventilation), leading to respiratory ... after cessation of benzodiazepines, cognitive deficits may persist for at least six months; it is unclear whether these ...
위키백과:미번역 문서/의학 - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전
Dronabinol (brand name Marinol) is a THC drug used to treat poor appetite, nausea, and sleep apnea. It is approved by the ... It was also used for smoking cessation. Other notable synthetic cannabinoids include: *JWH-018, a potent synthetic cannabinoid ... "Can Dronabinol Help Treat Sleep Apnea? , HealthCentral". www.healthcentral.com. Retrieved 2018-11-04.. ...
Kegemukan bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Kegemukan meningkatkan peluang terjadinya berbagai macam penyakit, khususnya penyakit jantung, diabetes tipe 2, apnea tidur ... "The influence of smoking cessation on the prevalence of overweight in the United States". N. Engl. J. Med. 333 (18): 1165-70. ... apnea tidur obstruktif, kanker tertentu, osteoartritis dan asma. Oleh karena itu, kegemukan terbukti menurunkan ... apnea tidur obstruktif, stigma sosial) dan konsekuensi yang akibat meningkatnya jumlah sel lemak (diabetes, kanker, penyakit ...
Cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, depression. ... "The influence of smoking cessation on the prevalence of overweight in the United States". The New England Journal of Medicine ... obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, and asthma. As a result, obesity has been found to ... obstructive sleep apnea, social stigmatization) and those due to the increased number of fat cells (diabetes, cancer, ...
Poor sleep quality can occur as a result of, for example, restless legs, sleep apnea or major depression. Poor sleep quality is ... they can induce dependence and rebound effects upon abrupt cessation of use. However, people whose insomnia is ... Delayed sleep phase disorder, restless leg syndrome, sleep apnea, psychiatric disorder. ... including sleep apnea, obesity, a thick neck diameter, or high-risk fullness of the flesh in the oropharynx. Usually, the ...
Unene wa kupindukia, kamusi elezo huru
Uzito uliozidi huhusianishwa na magonjwa mengi, hasa magonjwa ya moyo na mishipa, kisukari aina ya 2, apnea pingani ya usingizi ... "The influence of smoking cessation on the prevalence of overweight in the United States". N. Engl. J. Med. 333 (18): 1165-70. ... yale yanayotokana na madhara ya kiasi cha mafuta kilichozidi (kama vile osteoarthritisi, apnea pingani ya usingizi, kutengwa na ...
As a respiratory depressant, propofol frequently produces apnea. The persistence of apnea can depend on factors such as ... a burning sensation at the site of injection and the cessation of breathing. Other serious side effects may include seizures ... Additional side effects include low blood pressure related to vasodilation, transient apnea following induction doses, and ...
In obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea, leptin level is increased, but decreased after the administration of continuous ... which then operates as an adipose-derived inflammation stopgap signaling for the cessation of food intake so as to prevent ... "Leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: effect of CPAP treatment". Eur. Respir. J. 22 (2): 251-57 ... Obestatin and Apelin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome". Med. Sci. Monit. 17 (3): CR159-64. doi: ...
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, Information about Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Top Sleep Apnea Devices Secrets
The most typical kind of sleep apnea known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Sleep apnea indicates cessation of breath. It ... Central sleep apnea is often a a lot less widespread sort of sleep apnea that consists of the central anxious system, occurring ... Top Sleep Apnea Devices Secrets. September 13, 2017, 2:41 pm / myleslfodu.onesmablog.com ... Some people only expertise sleep apnea when sleeping on their back.. Sorry, we just have to ensure that youre not a robot. For ...
What are symptoms of sleep apnea? | HubPages
If you are not getting enough healthy sleep check if you have any sleep apnea symptoms. Doing something about it early will be ... Breathing cessation. If you have ever slept next to someone who has sleep apnea, you have probably observed this symptom. A ... Do you have sleep apnea?. Sleep apnea can be a very intrusive and sometimes even dangerous sleep disorder. While some symptoms ... There is nothing worse than waking up with a headache, but those who have sleep apnea often do. Even if you do not wake up with ...
Sleep Apnea and Snoring Cessation - General and Cosmetic Dentist
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a serious matter as it can lead to heart problems and other health issues. Its possible you may ... A person with sleep apnea may wake 50 or more times per hour - thats almost once a minute! - without having any memory of it. ... By now youre probably wondering: What does my dentist have to do with all this? Heres the connection: Snoring or sleep apnea ... Chronic loud snoring is a common symptom of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA; "a" - without; "pnea" - breath), which occurs when ...
Four Types of Snoring Cessation Products - Sleep Apnea and Snoring
Clinical Guidelines (Nursing) : Apnoea Monitoring Post Operatively in Infants
Apnoea (post-operatively) - Cessation of respiration. Considered significant if one or more of the following:. *>15 seconds. ... Most postoperative apnoea occurs within the first 2 hours. *After 12 apnoea free hours, apnoea risk approaches pre-operative ... Postmenstrual age on the day of surgery at which apnoea risk is ,1% Corrected age on the day of surgery at which apnoea risk is ... Any infant who has had a clinically significant apnoea in the postoperative period should be admitted for overnight apnoea ...
CDC - The Emergency Response Safety and Health Database: Systemic Agent: CYANOGEN CHLORIDE (CK) - NIOSH
For severe physical findings such as coma; cessation of breathing (apnea); seizures; slowness of the heart rate, usually to ... at the stage of circulatory collapse and cessation of breathing (apnea). ... Rapid breathing is soon followed by respiratory depression/respiratory arrest (cessation of breathing). Severe cyanide ...
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome | Encyclopedia.com
Medical opinion is generally in favor of monitoring only for newborns who have had episodes of apnea (cessation of breathing) ... Apnea -The temporary absence of breathing. Sleep apnea consists of repeated episodes of temporary suspension of breathing ... clinical suggestions of apnea or pauses in breathing and an inability to return to normal breathing patterns; and/or ... By the beginning of the twentieth century, sleep apnea (pronounced AP-nee-uh), in which a baby stops breathing for some reason ...
Relationship of Maternal Snuff Use and Cigarette Smoking With Neonatal Apnea | Articles | Pediatrics
Infant apnea is defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics as "an unexplained episode of cessation of breathing for 20 ... "primary sleep apnea of newborn"), and P28.4 ("other apnea of newborn") were used to diagnose neonatal apnea. We chose to study ... Neonatal apnea may be a sign of disturbed control of the autonomic nervous system. The most common cause of neonatal apnea is ... Events of apnea in awake infants are often explained by esophageal reflux or other vagal stimuli, whereas sleep apnea is ...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology
... also referred to as obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea (OSAH)-is a sleep disorder that involves cessation or significant decrease ... apneas that followed the second apnea did not have accelerated changes when compared with the second apnea. Isolated apneas did ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-also referred to as obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea-is a sleep disorder that involves cessation ... Mixed sleep apnea. Note that the apnea (orange arrow) begins as a central apnea (effort absent; red double arrow) and ends as ...
Request a Speaker | Public Relations | University of Nebraska Medical Center
Munchausen Syndrome | Encyclopedia.com
Apnea- A cessation of breathing.. Factitious disorder- A disorder in which the physical or psychological symptoms are under ... Apnea -The temporary absence of breathing. Sleep apnea consists of repeated episodes of temporary suspension of breathing ... Common Munchausen by proxy symptoms include apnea (cessation of breathing), fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. In both Munchausen ... Common Munchausen by proxy symptoms include apnea (cessation of breathing), fever , vomiting, and diarrhea . In both Munchausen ...
Dr. Mario Flores, MD - Reviews - Pittsfield, MA
Dr. Richard Abramowitz, MD | Neptune, NJ | Healthgrades
Dr. Neil Labove, MD | Warwick, RI | Healthgrades
apnea - Everything2.com
... such as sleep apnea. Apnea can also be intentional. Breathe in, and dont breathe out again for several seconds or min... ... apnea (apnea while moving, that is, swimming) and static apnea (apnea while staying still). Static apnea performance is ... Sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea. hypersomnia. shallow water blackout. static apnea. co-sleeping. Münchausen syndrome by ... Apnea can be a medical condition, such as sleep apnea. Apnea can also be intentional. Breathe in, and dont breathe out again ...
HealthHUB | Health Services and Wellness Products | CVS Pharmacy®
Apnoeic | Define Apnoeic at Dictionary.com
... infant apnea) and in some adults during sleep (sleep apnea). See more. ... apnea. (ăp′nē-ə, ăp-nē′ə). n.. *Temporary absence or cessation of breathing. ... a temporary suspension of breathing, occurring in some newborns (infant apnea) and in some adults during sleep (sleep apnea). ... 1710-20; < New Latin apnoea < Greek ápnoia, equivalent to ápno(os) breathless (a- a-6 + pno-, variant stem of pneîn to breathe ...
Respiratory arrest - Wikipedia
Apnea is defined as "the cessation of breathing". Prolonged apnea refers to a patient who has stopped breathing for a long ... Respiratory arrest is caused by apnea (cessation of breathing) due to failure of the lungs to function effectively. ... Cessation of unsuccessful pediatric resuscitation -- how long is too long? Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:332-336. ... These symptoms will lead to apnea without any signs of warning. Diagnosis requires clinical evaluation. If there was a foreign ...
smoking cessation Archives | Doctor Steven Y. Park, MD | New York, NY | Integrative Solutions for Obstructive Sleep Apnea,...
2019 Doctor Steven Y. Park, MD , New York, NY , Integrative Solutions for Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Upper Airway Resistance ... Tag Archives: smoking cessation Post navigation. Posted on Thursday, August 28, 2008. ... Hear from leading experts in the field of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) what you ... Doctor Steven Y. Park, MD , New York, NY , Integrative Solutions for Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome ...
Breathing Cessation Treatment - Book Doctor Appointments
Find best Emergency Medicine Physicians for Breathing Cessation near you & make an appointment online instantly! Breathing ... Book Top Breathing Cessation Doctors Near You. Need to make a doctor appointment for Breathing Cessation this week? Use Zocdoc ... Doctors for Breathing Cessation Near You. who accept. enter your insurance to view in-network doctorstap to enter your ...
The Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, 4th Edition - Gale - 978-1410363206
Apneic | Define Apneic at Dictionary.com
... infant apnea) and in some adults during sleep (sleep apnea) See more. ... apnea ap·ne·a (āpnē-ə, āp-nēə). n. Temporary absence or cessation of breathing. ... apnea. n. "suspension of breathing," also apnoea, 1719, Modern Latin, from Greek apnoia "absence of respiration," from apnos " ... a temporary suspension of breathing, occurring in some newborns (infant apnea) and in some adults during sleep (sleep apnea) ...
Edema: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician
Obstructive sleep apnea may cause bilateral leg edema even in the absence of pulmonary hypertension. Brawny, nonpitting skin ... One study evaluated the apnea-hypopnea index in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and found that even when adjusted for age ... Obstructive sleep apnea may cause bilateral leg edema even in the absence of pulmonary hypertension. Brawny, nonpitting skin ... Bilateral leg edema, pulmonary hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea: a cross-sectional study. J Fam Pract. 2002;51(6):561- ...
Pulmonary & Sleep Services | Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary Hypertension, & Sleep Apnea Services - UH | University Hospitals
Patent US20020196149 - System and method for seizing a communication channel in a commercially ... - Google Patents
Cessation of respiration is referred to as apnea. When a child exhibits apnea, bradycardia or tachycardia a life threatening ... The base station unit contains circuitry for detecting abnormal conditions in the childs breathing (such as apnea) or abnormal ... Children who are susceptible to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome are known to exhibit apnea and bradycardia. Physiological ... When the physiological condition monitor detects an abnormal condition such as an irregular heartbeat or the cessation of ...
The Clinical Effect of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of...
... apnea index, hypopnea index, and mean SaO,sub,2,/sub,. Electroacupuncture (EA) was better in improving the AHI and apnea index ... Compared with control groups, manual acupuncture (MA) was more effective in the improvement of apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), ... on the effect of acupuncture therapy for obstructive sleep apnea. Meta-analysis was conducted using the RevMan version 5.3 ... MA could further improve apnea index and hypopnea index compared to control. ...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to D... ( FRIDAY March 30 (Heal...)
In people with obstructive sleep apnea soft tissue in the back of the...In the new study U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ... Prevention rese...The CDC team found that symptoms of the sleep disorder were associated...,Obstructive,Sleep,Apnea,May,Be, ... As many as 18 million Americans ... frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Kids May Have Genetic Cause. 8. ICU May Not Be Needed After Sleep Apnea Surgery 9. Obesity raises ...
Related conditions - Smoking - MedBroadcast.com
Sleep Apnea symptoms - Sleep Disorders - MedHelp
Frequent cessation of breathing during sleep time → Morning wake up feeling unfreshed and exhausted even after asleep all night ... One of the effet of sleep apnea is sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation For the people with Sleep Apnea, due to the poor of ... Some, not all, of the symptoms can in fact be caused by sleep apnea. The pressure in the head feeling may be an independent ... Can sleep apnea have debilitating symptoms throughout the course of the day? For example: inability to concentrate; confusion; ...
central sleep apnea | Thorax
Final Exam Flashcards by Kelsey Ellard | Brainscape
Smoking CessationKnown as obstructive sleepRespiratorySymptomsTypes of sleep apneaPeople with sleep apneaEpisode of apneaHypopneasDiagnosed with obstructive sleepForms of sleep apneaDiagnose sleep apneaIndicate sleep apneaDefinitionDisordersSleepinessSeverityLast 10 secondsPulmonary HypertensionPausesRestlessDiagnosisBreatheMildSyndromeSymptomPotentiallySnorePatientsDiabetesModerateCommon
- Much less is known about the effects of smokeless tobacco, and nicotine-replacement therapy is recommended as a means of smoking cessation during pregnancy. (aappublications.org)
- 3 , 4 Despite lacking knowledge of whether these harmful effects are generated by nicotine or by combustion products in tobacco smoke, nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) is commonly regarded as safer than smoking and is sometimes recommended as a means of smoking cessation for pregnant women. (aappublications.org)
- Internationally, public health researchers debate whether Swedish snuff, with lower levels of nitrosamines but higher levels of nicotine than tobacco smoke, should be recommended as a harm reduction drug for smoking cessation. (aappublications.org)
- Our caring support team provides smoking cessation programs to help patients who want to quit smoking. (uhhospitals.org)
- This is a pilot research study examining two types of behavioral counseling along with the nicotine patch for smoking cessation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study is designed to find out whether one of these counseling interventions is more effective for smoking cessation among individuals with sleep problems. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To develop effect size estimates for smoking cessation defined as point prevalence smoking abstinence over the last 7 days of treatment and follow-up (i.e., 4 weeks post-treatment) comparing smokers in the two counseling conditions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The smoking cessation counseling intervention will incorporate standard psychoeducational and behavioral smoking counseling techniques adapted from the American Lung Association Freedom from Smoking program. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This is a developmental study to: 1) create and test an integrated cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation and insomnia intervention with 30 smokers who report current insomnia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Mild cases of sleep apnea may be resolved with weight loss or smoking cessation. (healthguidance.org)
- In this study, we hope to show that involving partners in smoking cessation helps people quit smoking more effectively. (nationaljewish.org)
Known as obstructive sleep3
- FRIDAY, March 30 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be a link between the common sleep disorder known as obstructive sleep apnea and major depression, a new study suggests. (bio-medicine.org)
- Massively enlarged tonsils can cause episodes of cessation of breathing known as obstructive sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
- Their latest concern could be that the driver of the truck hauling their shipment might be impaired by a little-known condition known as obstructive sleep apnea, which is increasingly being called a public health problem. (logisticsmgmt.com)
- The aetiology of postoperative apnoea may involve a complex interplay of residual anaesthetic suppression of an immature central respiratory drive, stress from the surgery, airway obstruction, poor respiratory reserve or infection and sepsis. (rch.org.au)
- Respiratory arrest is caused by apnea (cessation of breathing) due to failure of the lungs to function effectively. (wikipedia.org)
- Respiratory arrest refers to the complete cessation of breathing. (wikipedia.org)
- Apnea is defined by the cessation of respiratory airflow. (medscape.com)
- Infant apnea is defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics as "an unexplained episode of cessation of breathing for 20 seconds or longer, or a shorter respiratory pause associated with bradycardia, cyanosis, pallor, and/or marked hypotonia. (medscape.com)
- However, these are believed not to be adequate for reliably recognizing significant respiratory depression until other dangerous events develop such as the cessation of breathing, severe drops in oxygen levels, or cardiac arrest. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Apnea secondary to sleep-induced obstruction of the upper airway and combined with simultaneous respiratory efforts is the most common type and has been classified as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (hindawi.com)
- Apnoea may develop if the respiratory control centres in the brainstem are damaged, by a stroke or a head injury, for example. (sciencephoto.com)
- Sleep apnea is a respiratory disorder characterized by periods of sleep during which no effective breaths are taken. (washington.edu)
- Find out about the different manufacturers who provide respiratory equipment for obstructive sleep apnea.They have photos of their CPAP machines, masks and other equipment, so take a look. (fitnesstipsforlife.com)
- In pure central sleep apnea, the brain's respiratory control centers, located in the region of the human brain known as the pre-Botzinger complex, are imbalanced during sleep and fail to give the signal to inhale, causing the individual to miss one or more cycles of breathing. (wikipedia.org)
- The neurological feedback mechanism that monitors blood levels of carbon dioxide and in turn stimulates respiration fails to react quickly enough to maintain an even respiratory rate, allowing the entire respiratory system to cycle between apnea and hyperpnea, even for a brief time following an awakening during a breathing pause. (wikipedia.org)
- What are symptoms of sleep apnea? (hubpages.com)
- Next up are some of the most common symptoms of sleep apnea and what you should do if you are experiencing these symptoms. (hubpages.com)
- Another very common symptoms that accompanies sleep apnea, waking abruptly is often paired with feeling like you cannot breathe. (hubpages.com)
- Many of the symptoms of sleep apnea make it difficult to stay asleep. (hubpages.com)
- Can sleep apnea have debilitating symptoms throughout the course of the day? (medhelp.org)
- Is there any way sleep apnea could cause these symptoms. (medhelp.org)
- Some, not all, of the symptoms can in fact be caused by sleep apnea. (medhelp.org)
- You have some symptoms froom sleep apnea. (medhelp.org)
- A study to be published in an upcoming edition of the Scandinavian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology reveals that Pycnogenol (pic-noj-en-all), pine bark extract from the French maritime pine tree, reduces climacteric symptoms such as hot flashes, depression, panic attacks, cholesterol and other common symptoms associated with women entering menopause transition. (bio-medicine.org)
- Diagnosing Sleep Apnea - Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea And Treatment Options. (psychnet-uk.com)
- Approx 24 percent of men and 9 percent of women have symptoms of sleep apnea. (planetayurveda.com)
- If you find your kid with above symptoms of Sleep Apnea , it is recommend to perform a Sleep Study on him. (medhelp.org)
- What other symptoms does sleep apnea produce? (zocdoc.com)
- If these symptoms of daytime sleepiness exist, a sleep study is encouraged to evaluate for sleep apnea and treatment for sleep apnea. (zocdoc.com)
- The symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea are similar which can make it difficult to determine the root cause of the disorder in individual patients. (healthguidance.org)
- Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have found that symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea can be significantly reduced through treatment with nasal insufflation (TNI), using a nasal cannula to deliver warm, humidified air at a high flow rate. (medgadget.com)
- Obstructive sleep apnea may just account for the mild symptoms you experience such as headaches and irritation, to more serious medical conditions such as high blood pressure and strokes. (hubpages.com)
- Obstructive sleep apnea symptoms vary from mild to serious. (hubpages.com)
- The report estimated that only about 10 percent of those of us with sleep apnea knew what caused their excessive daytime sleepiness or other symptoms. (mendosa.com)
Types of sleep apnea2
People with sleep apnea4
- For the people with Sleep Apnea, due to the poor of sleep they always have, they are much more tired and frustrated which make them less able to recognize the effects of sleep deprivation. (medhelp.org)
- Most of the people with sleep apnea snore loudly and frequently with periods of silence when the airflow is blocked. (planetayurveda.com)
- People with Sleep Apnea are often diagnosed with depression when they are exhausted and cannot function properly. (medhelp.org)
- About 80 percent of people with sleep apnea don't know they have it. (logisticsmgmt.com)
Episode of apnea2
- The challenge with the assessment of the patient who experienced an ALTE often was determining via history if the event was in fact a true episode of apnea, cyanosis, or tone change, and to then use the physical examination findings and various diagnostic studies, if needed, to deduce the reason the event took place. (medscape.com)
- After the episode of apnea, breathing may be faster and/or more intense (hyperpnea) for a period of time, a compensatory mechanism to blow off retained waste gases, absorb more oxygen, and, when voluntary, enable a return to normal instinctive breathing patterns by restoring oxygen to the breathing muscles themselves. (wikipedia.org)
- This leads to partial reductions (hypopneas) and complete pauses (apneas) in breathing that can produce abrupt reductions in blood oxygen saturation. (healthcanal.com)
- Our findings provide evidence that TNI may offer a viable treatment alternative to patients with obstructive hypopneas and apneas," said lead researcher Hartmut Schneider, M.D., of Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center. (medgadget.com)
- Although we expected marked improvements in the apnea-plus-hypopnea index (AHI) primarily in patients with hypopneas rather than obstructive apneas, TNI lowered the AHI in all subjects," the researchers wrote. (medgadget.com)
- Improved therapeutic strategies are required to treat sleep apneas and hypopneas and their associated morbidity and mortality. (medgadget.com)
- The Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) is expressed as the number of apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep. (wikipedia.org)
Diagnosed with obstructive sleep2
- In the new study, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers surveyed about 9,700 American adults and found that 6 percent of the men and 3 percent of the women said they had been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. (bio-medicine.org)
- If you experience five or more episodes of apnea per hour of sleep you may be diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. (hubpages.com)
Forms of sleep apnea1
Diagnose sleep apnea2
- A sleep test, called polysomnography is usually done to diagnose sleep apnea. (fitnesstipsforlife.com)
- 4. An apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said processing element includes means for calculating a ratio of resaturation slope to desaturation slope and comparing said ratio with a predetermined number to diagnose sleep apnea. (google.co.uk)
Indicate sleep apnea2
- If you often find that you have to keep water by your bed and that you wake up very thirsty, with cotton mouth or dry mouth, this can indicate sleep apnea, as breathing through your mouth while you sleep dries out the mouth. (hubpages.com)
- 2. An apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said processing element compares said consecutive slopes with an absolute number which is likely to indicate sleep apnea. (google.co.uk)
- Main outcome measure Daytime sleepiness (Epworth scale from 0 (no daytime sleepiness) to 24), sleep quality (Pittsburgh quality of sleep index from 0 (excellent sleep quality) to 21), partner rating of sleep disturbance (visual analogue scale from 0 (not disturbed) to 10), apnoea-hypopnoea index, and health related quality of life (SF-36). (bmj.com)
- Daytime sleepiness is a common and important feature of sleep apnea but may go unnoticed because of its chronicity. (zocdoc.com)
- Sleep apnea is a major, though often unrecognized, cause of daytime sleepiness. (thefreedictionary.com)
- In addition, obstructive sleep apnea causes daytime sleepiness that can result in accidents, lost productivity and interpersonal relationship problems. (fitnesstipsforlife.com)
- Results show that the percent of participants with frequent nightmare recall decreased linearly as sleep apnea severity increased. (healthcanal.com)
- Sleep apnea severity in people who reported infrequent nightmare recall (mean AHI of 40.3) was significantly higher than in those who frequently recalled nightmares (mean AHI of 24.6). (healthcanal.com)
- It's also worth mentioning that depression rises with increasing severity of sleep apnea. (hubpages.com)
- This symptom is most common in obstructive sleep apnea and it can be disturbing both for the person experiencing it and for any other people sleeping in the room or even in the house. (hubpages.com)
- If you have ever slept next to someone who has sleep apnea, you have probably observed this symptom. (hubpages.com)
- I didn't know that it was a symptom of sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
- This guideline was created to have a clear understanding of the specific patients that require admission for apnoea monitoring post operatively and to standardise the care these patients receive. (rch.org.au)
- It also outlines the nursing roles and responsibilities when caring for these patients including the acute management of an apnoea. (rch.org.au)
- Nursing staff should be aware on admission of the patients that require post-operative apnoea monitoring based on their gestational and postmenstrual age (please refer to table). (rch.org.au)
- Echocardiography should be performed in patients with obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, and edema to evaluate pulmonary arterial pressures. (aafp.org)
- The Sleep Apnoea Trust Association (UK) - The Sleep Apnoea Trust Association (SATA) exists to improve the lives of sleep apnoea patients, their partners and their families.Managed entirely by volunteers, SATA is the leading UK charity working in the field of sleep apnoea. (psychnet-uk.com)
- The results were somewhat surprising, since nightmares are frequently reported by patients with sleep apnea," said Pagel. (healthcanal.com)
- Spass, a board-certified sleep physician, says obesity is the strongest risk factor for sleep apnea, a condition that can lead to stroke, heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. (courant.com)
- Other studies demonstrated cross-sectional relationships between sleep apnea and both fasting insulin and insulin resistance ( 1 , 7 - 10 ) and between sleep apnea and overt diabetes ( 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and diabetes are all medical conditions that have been shown to have associations with sleep apnea. (zocdoc.com)
- While a broad cross-section of the population has sleep apnea, those of us who have diabetes are much more likely to have it. (mendosa.com)
- One study concluded that adults who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea are three times more likely to also have diabetes. (mendosa.com)
- Another study found that about one in four people with diabetes and neuropathy also have sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
- Both diabetes and sleep apnea are characterized by insulin resistance. (mendosa.com)
- [ 5 ] Apnea is more common in preterm infants. (medscape.com)
- Sleep apnea is all too common and all too undiagnosed. (mendosa.com)
- The objective was to achieve a common understanding of sleep apnea to pave the way for progress on what was uniformly called a critical health and safety issue. (logisticsmgmt.com)