The sole genus in the family Nautilidae, order Nautilida, comprised of CEPHALOPODS with spiral external shells that are separated into chambers.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
A plant genus of the family JUGLANDACEAE that provides the familiar walnut.
A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.
Extraction of the fetus by abdominal hysterotomy anytime following a previous cesarean.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A malpresentation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR with the fetal cephalic pole in the fundus of the UTERUS. There are three types of breech: the complete breech with flexed hips and knees; the incomplete breech with one or both hips partially or fully extended; the frank breech with flexed hips and extended knees.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.
Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.
Allowing a woman to be in LABOR, OBSTETRIC long enough to determine if vaginal birth may be anticipated.

Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups. (1/2040)

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (2/2040)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Desensitization of oxytocin receptors in human myometrium. (3/2040)

In the present study, we investigated the possible mechanisms by which oxytocin might regulate oxytocin receptor (OTR) density. Exposure of cultured myometrial cells to oxytocin for a prolonged period caused desensitization: the steady-state level of oxytocin binding was 210 x 10(3) binding sites/cell, but this was time-dependently reduced to 20.1 x 10(3) sites/cell by exposing the cells to oxytocin for up to 20 h. In contrast, Western blotting data showed that the total amount of OTR protein was not affected by oxytocin treatment for up to 24 h. Flow cytometry experiments demonstrated that OTRs were not internalized during this treatment. However, RNase protection assays and Northern analysis showed that in cultured myometrial cells OTR mRNA was reduced by oxytocin treatment to reach a new low steady-state concentration. Analysis of this mRNA in myometrial biopsies from 17 patients undergoing emergency Caesarean section showed how it decreased with advancing labour. Samples obtained after 12 h of labour contained approximately 50 times less OTR mRNA than samples obtained from patients in labour for less than 12 h. We speculate that this decrease in OTR mRNA represents in-vivo OTR desensitization.  (+info)

Primary aldosteronism with aldosterone-producing adrenal adenoma in a pregnant woman. (4/2040)

A 30-year-old pregnant woman complained of muscle weakness at 29 weeks' gestation. She was hypertensive with severe hypokalemia. Lower plasma renin activity and higher aldosterone level than the normal values in pregnancy suggested primary aldosteronism. A cesarean delivery was performed at 31 weeks' gestation because of pulmonary congestion. The neonatal course was uncomplicated. The laparoscopic adrenalectomy for a 2.0-cm right adrenal adenoma resulted in normalizing of her blood pressure and serum potassium level. Although primary aldosteronism is rare, especially during pregnancy, it should be always considered as one of etiologies of hypertension in pregnancy.  (+info)

Fetal growth rate and adverse perinatal events. (5/2040)

OBJECTIVE: To study fetal weight gain and its association with adverse perinatal events in a serially scanned high-risk population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women considered at increased risk of uteroplacental insufficiency had a total of 1140 scans in the third trimester, with a median of six scans in each pregnancy. The average fetal growth rate was retrospectively calculated for the last 6 weeks to birth, and expressed as daily weight gain in grams per day. Adverse pregnancy outcome was defined as operative delivery for fetal distress, acidotic umbilical artery pH (< 7.15), or admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). RESULTS: Fetuses with normal outcome in this high-risk pregnancy population had an average antenatal growth rate of 24.2 g/day. Compared to pregnancies with normal outcome, the growth rate was slower in those that required operative delivery for fetal distress (20.9 g/day, p < 0.05) and those that required admission to the NICU (20.3 g/day, p < 0.05). The growth rate in pregnancies resulting in acidotic umbilical artery pH also seemed lower, but this did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Impaired fetal weight gain prior to birth is associated with adverse perinatal events suggestive of growth failure.  (+info)

First-trimester cord entanglement in monoamniotic twins. (6/2040)

OBJECTIVE: Monoamniotic twinning occurs in only 1% of twin pregnancies, but carries a high perinatal mortality rate. Early and reliable diagnosis is essential if attempts are to be made to reduce the complication rate. We report color Doppler demonstration of cord entanglement in the first trimester, which is diagnostic of monoamnionicity. METHODS: Two patients with twin pregnancies were examined in the first trimester with pulsed and color Doppler insonation of their umbilical arteries. RESULTS: Cord entanglement was suspected and proved by demonstrating differing fetal heart rate patterns in the same direction on umbilical artery Doppler analysis of a common mass of cord vessels. Following appropriate counselling, medical amnioreduction was induced at 20 weeks of gestation to reduce fetal movements and worsening cord entanglement. Delivery was by elective Cesarean section at 32 weeks' gestation and monoamnionicity was confirmed. CONCLUSION: We report a new sign for the demonstration of monoamnionicity in twin pregnancies in the first trimester. This should improve the reliability of early diagnosis, but further studies are required to confirm that, if cord entanglement occurs, it is usually present by the end of the first trimester.  (+info)

The mode of delivery and the risk of vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1--a meta-analysis of 15 prospective cohort studies. The International Perinatal HIV Group. (7/2040)

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relation between elective cesarean section and vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), we performed a meta-analysis using data on individual patients from 15 prospective cohort studies. METHODS: North American and European studies of at least 100 mother-child pairs were included in the meta-analysis. Uniform definitions of modes of delivery were used. Elective cesarean sections were defined as those performed before onset of labor and rupture of membranes. Multivariate logistic-regression analysis was used to adjust for other factors known to be associated with vertical transmission. RESULTS: The primary analysis included data on 8533 mother-child pairs. After adjustment for receipt of antiretroviral therapy, maternal stage of disease, and infant birth weight, the likelihood of vertical transmission of HIV-1 was decreased by approximately 50 percent with elective cesarean section, as compared with other modes of delivery (adjusted odds ratio, 0.43; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.33 to 0.56). The results were similar when the study population was limited to those with rupture of membranes shortly before delivery. The likelihood of transmission was reduced by approximately 87 percent with both elective cesarean section and receipt of antiretroviral therapy during the prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal periods, as compared with other modes of delivery and the absence of therapy (adjusted odds ratio, 0.13; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.09 to 0.19). Among mother-child pairs receiving antiretroviral therapy during the prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal periods, rates of vertical transmission were 2.0 percent among the 196 mothers who underwent elective cesarean section and 7.3 percent among the 1255 mothers with other modes of delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this meta-analysis suggest that elective cesarean section reduces the risk of transmission of HIV-1 from mother to child independently of the effects of treatment with zidovudine.  (+info)

Maternal intrapartum temperature elevation as a risk factor for cesarean delivery and assisted vaginal delivery. (8/2040)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of intrapartum temperature elevation with cesarean delivery and assisted vaginal delivery. METHODS: Participants were 1233 nulliparous women with singleton, term pregnancies in vertex presentations who had spontaneous labors and were afebrile (temperature: 99.5 degrees F [37.5 degrees C]) at admission for delivery. Rates of cesarean and assisted vaginal deliveries according to highest intrapartum temperature were examined by epidural status. RESULTS: Women with maximum intrapartum temperatures higher than 99.5 degrees F were 3 times as likely to experience cesarean (25.2% vs 7.2%) or assisted vaginal delivery (25.2% vs 8.5%). The association was present in epidural users and nonusers and persisted after birthweight, epidural use, and labor length had been controlled. In adjusted analyses, temperature elevation was associated with a doubling in the risk of cesarean delivery (odds ratio [OR] = 2.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5, 3.4) and assisted vaginal delivery (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.4, 3.1). CONCLUSIONS: Modest temperature elevation developing during labor was associated with higher rates of cesarean and assisted vaginal deliveries. More frequent temperature elevation among women with epidural analgesia may explain in part the higher rates of cesarean and assisted vaginal deliveries observed with epidural use.  (+info)

Introduction: Caesarean section rates are increasing worldwide. There are many reasons for this increasing caesarean section rate one of them is increasing requests by women for caesarean section in the absence of medical indications. Most women think that elective caesarean section is safe both for women and babies. Some clinician also considered caesarean section safe. An increasing rate of caesarean section is alarming in developed as well as underdeveloped countries.. Objective: To investigate the frequency of caesarean section on maternal request and factors leading to it in a private teaching hospital.. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out at Shalamar hospital from 1st May 2018 to 30th April 2019. Women of all ages who were pregnant and were going to have caesarean delivery during the study period at Shalamar hospital.. Results: There were 3438 total births during the study period. There were 2380(69%) caesarean section and 1058(31%) were normal ...
Background Caesarean section (CS) is not an option that women in Sweden can chose themselves, although the rise in CS rate has been attributed to women. This study describes obstetricians and midwives attitudes towards CS on maternal request. Methods A qualitative descriptive study, with content analysis of 5 focus group discussions where 16 midwives and 9 obstetricians participated. Results The overarching theme was identified as Caesarean section on maternal request-a balance between resistance and respect. On the one hand, CS was viewed as a risky project; on the other hand, request for a CS was understood and respected when women had had a previous traumatic birth experience. Still, a CS was not really seen as a solution for childbirth related fear. Five categories were related to the theme. Overall, our findings indicate that caregivers blamed the women for the increase, they considered the management of CS on maternal request difficult, and they suggested preventive methods to reduce ...
U.S., May 11 -- ClinicalTrials.gov registry received information related to the study (NCT03140683) titled Predictors of Scar Dehiscence in Patients With Previous Caesarean Section on May 3. Brief Summary: In recent decades, the percentage of Cesarean section deliveries has dramatically increased in most countries. Concomitantly, the rates of vaginal birth after Cesarean have decreased steadily. The pregnant women with previous Cesarean section face a difficult choice for their next delivery between a trial of labor after Cesarean or repeat caesarean section delivery. The performance of multiple Cesarean section exposes women to greater risks of complications; furthermore, the risk of complications increases with each subsequent Cesarean section. In fact, women with previous Cesarean section are more likely to experience short and long-term maternal complications in future pregnancies, or a trial of labor after Cesarean, with the risk of [uterine dehiscence, uterine rupture, genitourinary ...
Maternal perceptions about caesarean section contribute to delayed presentation of women for emergency obstetric care. This increases the risks of perinatal and neonatal mortality and slows down the reductions needed to achieve the sustainable development goal (SDG) target of reducing neonatal mortality and ending new-born deaths. The aim of the study is to determine maternal perceptions about caesarean section deliveries and their role in reducing neonatal mortality at a regional and a district hospital in the Upper West Region of Ghana. This descriptive study was carried out at two hospitals in the Upper West Region, the most rural region in Ghana, between 15th January and 29th June, 2018. Maternal perceptions were examined among antenatal care attendants at the Upper West Regional Hospital (UWRH) and St Josephs Hospital Jirapa (SJH), a district hospital, using questionnaires administered by trained nurses. Altogether, 416 completed questionnaires were obtained, comprising 206 from expectant women
April 21, 2010. Cesarean Sections Are Overused in New York, Giving the State One of Highest C-Section Rates in the Country. Public Citizen Releases a Guide to Avoiding Unnecessary Cesareans in New York; New Online Report Provides Statistics by County and Hospital. WASHINGTON, D.C. - Nearly a third of cesarean sections in New York state may be performed unnecessarily, and rates of the procedure there are among the highest of states in the country, according to a Public Citizen report released today.. Within New York state, rates of C-sections performed vary widely. Public Citizens report and an accompanying Web site break down the data by county and hospital, so patients can see how high C-section rates are for their local hospital in comparison to other local hospitals.. There is a growing epidemic of C-sections in the United States, where the 2007 national rate of 31.8 percent was the highest it has ever been, said Dr. Sidney Wolfe, director of Public Citizens Health Research Group. We ...
Increasing rate of caesarean section in all over the world made us perform study on trial of labour in patient with one previous caesarean section in Alzahra Hospital , the center of gynecology obstetric in Najaf , We take number of patients in labour room start labour spontaneously with previous one of caesarean section, lower segment transvers, including case was selected for elective caesarean section but suddenly start labour number of them delivers by emergency caesarean section we compare this percentage with other study the result was acceptable we encourage trial of labour after one caesarean section as a safe mode of delivery that decrease rate of caesarean section and its complications we recommend farther in this evaluate field.
A retrospective study comparing maternal and neonatal outcome of singleton fetuses delivered at 37-38 weeks of completed gestation with those delivered at 39 completed weeks of gestation or longer by elective caesarean section at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008. There were 164(21.3%) elective caesarean deliveries during the study period. 117 (71.3%) were performed between 37-38 weeks of completed gestation and 47(28.7%) at 39 completed weeks of gestation. Elective caesarean births at 37-38 weeks were associated with significantly higher rates of admission to the neonatal care unit, neonatal jaundice, and a higher proportion of newborns with Apgar score
Mrs Elizabeth Martin1, Dr Michael Beckmann2, Professor Nicholas Graves1. 1Queensland University Of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Australia,. 2Mater Health Services, South Brisbane, Australia. Introduction. Surgical site infections following caesarean section are a preventable problem for women and health services. Unique best-practice infection prevention opportunities exist for the peri-operative and surgical process of caesarean section. Some variation in caesarean section peri-operative and surgical practice is justifiable and desirable when individual patients health needs or health preferences are being met. However, clinical practice that varies from the best-practice is unwarranted as it may increase surgical site infection risk. The aim of this study was to identify the extent of unwarranted variation in infection prevention at caesarean section amongst Australian Obstetricians.. Methods. Australian Obstetricians were asked in an electronic survey, whether they usually implement 34 ...
Caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR) is carried out in the absence of maternal or fetal indications. One of the main psychological causes is tokophobia, an intense fear of childbirth affecting between six to ten percent of women.. In addition, women who have had previous vaginal delivery may request caesarean section because of adverse experiences during labour known as secondary tokophobia.. The authors of the review state that rather than counselling women requesting caesarean section about the risks, a better approach would be to explore the reasons for the request.. For women with tokophobia, frequent, regular psychotherapy by trained personnel to address why they are requesting a caesarean section is recommended by the review.. Authors state health workers need to have detailed discussions with women requesting a caesarean section about the unpredictability of events surrounding labour, the lack of control and the need for a flexible birth plan. Local maternity unit statistics for ...
According to this study, the socio-demographic factors are related to the incidence of caesarean sections in Mozambique. The connection was found by carrying out cross tabulations, Pearson`s χ2- tests and logistic regression analyses. In 1994-1997 age group and parity were associated with incidence of caesarean sections when adjusted with all confounders. The older the mother was, the higher was the risk of a caesarean section. Women having their first child had caesarean section more often than women having at least their second or third child. People living in urban areas more likely receive a caesarean section than those in rural areas. In 1998-2003, in addition to age, parity and area of residence, the study found the wealth index to be the strongly associated socio-demographic factor for caesarean section. Caesarean sections were more common among women who-or whose partners-were highly educated. Socio-demographical factors, especially parity, have stronger association in incidence of ...
The study assessed the value of currently-available data on the rates of caesarean section as an indicator of safe-motherhood programmes. Data, collected through the routine health information system of the Ministry of Health, Kenya, were used for analyzing the available process indicators. The methodology of this study illustrates both usefulness and limitations of readily-available healthcare information. The rate of hospital-based caesarean section was 6.3% of all births (range 0.3-37%), whereas the rate of population-based caesarean section was 0.95% (range 0.1%-4%). The rate of population-based caesarean section indicates a significant unmet need for obstetric care in the rural areas and may be a useful tool for monitoring progress on safe-motherhood initiatives in poor settings. Rates of population-based caesarean section are low in Kenya, especially in the rural areas. The rate of caesarean section may be a valuable process indicator for identifying the gaps in obstetric care and may be ...
The increasing cesarean section rate was due to rising of elective cesarean section or patients request. Cesarean section without obstetric indication should be reconsidered to lower the cesarean section rate.
Results: A total of 525 pregnant women with one previous lower segment caesarean section scar had a trial of vaginal birth. Among the 525 women, 390 did not have a prior history of successful VBAC and the remaining 135 women had at least one successful VBAC. Among 390 pregnant women, 208 (53.3%) had successful vaginal deliveries and 182 (46.7%) women underwent emergency lower segment caesarean section as failed VBAC. Among the 182 women, there were two cases of scar dehiscence and both had emergency LSCS performed for abnormal foetal heart tracing. Both had good foetal outcome ...
Preliminary data for 2003 indicated that 27.6% of all births in the United States resulted from cesarean deliveries, an increase of 6% from 2002 and the highest percentage ever reported in the United States. After declines during 1989--1996, the total cesarean rate and the primary cesarean rate (i.e., percentage of cesareans among women with no previous cesarean delivery; 19.1% in 2003) have increased each year. In addition, the rate of VBAC, which had increased during 1989--1996, decreased by 63% to 10.6% in 2003. Among women with previous cesarean deliveries, the likelihood that subsequent deliveries would be cesarean was approximately 90% in 2003. SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System, annual files, 1989--2003. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/births.htm ...
The rate of births by caesarian section is used as a health service coverage indicator. It reflects the accessibility of basic health interventions to a given population. It is computed by dividing the number of caesarian section deliveries by the total number of live births.. The most common indications for caesarian section include fetal distress, malpresentation, failure to progress in labor, and previous caesarian section. Worldwide, the average number of CS deliveries is at 16%. In low income countries, the average is at 6%, while those in upper middle and high income countries are at 30%. The African Region has the lowest rates at 4%, while the WHO Region of the Americas has the highest rates at 36%. Countries like Ethiopia, Chad, Madagascar and Mali have CS rates of 2%. The United States, Australia and Germany have CS rates of 32%.. Both underuse and overuse of CS delivery can be dangerous, but the ideal rate for CS deliveries has not been set. The World Health Organization has advised ...
The rate of births by caesarian section is used as a health service coverage indicator. It reflects the accessibility of basic health interventions to a given population. It is computed by dividing the number of caesarian section deliveries by the total number of live births.. The most common indications for caesarian section include fetal distress, malpresentation, failure to progress in labor, and previous caesarian section. Worldwide, the average number of CS deliveries is at 16%. In low income countries, the average is at 6%, while those in upper middle and high income countries are at 30%. The African Region has the lowest rates at 4%, while the WHO Region of the Americas has the highest rates at 36%. Countries like Ethiopia, Chad, Madagascar and Mali have CS rates of 2%. The United States, Australia and Germany have CS rates of 32%.. Both underuse and overuse of CS delivery can be dangerous, but the ideal rate for CS deliveries has not been set. The World Health Organization has advised ...
All of the six studies examined were comparative cohort studies. As they were not randomised trials, there is the potential for bias. When methodological quality was assessed on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale there was a medium risk of selection bias and a medium to high risk of bias in comparability and outcome assessment for most studies. For example, in one study,1 elective caesarean sections were exclusively carried out by doctors, whereas emergencies were carried out by both doctors and clinical officers. As elective caesarean section is associated with better outcomes than emergency caesarean section,13 this arrangement would have conferred an advantage to doctors. Furthermore, clinical officers tend to be located in rural areas,3 where access to lifesaving facilities such as blood transfusion and high dependency care may not be available. Another study8 tackled such issues by adjusting for rural setting, previous caesarean section, haemorrhage, other perioperative medical complications, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal outcome following elective cesarean section of twin pregnancies beyond 35 weeks of gestation. AU - Wilmink, Freke A.. AU - Hukkelhoven, Chantal W.P.M.. AU - Mol, Ben Willem J.. AU - Van Der Post, Joris A.M.. AU - Steegers, Eric A.P.. AU - Papatsonis, Dimitri N.M.. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Objective: We sought to assess neonatal morbidity and mortality of elective cesarean section (CS) of uncomplicated twin pregnancies per week of gestation ,35+0. Study Design: We performed a retrospective cohort study in our nationwide database including all elective CS of twin pregnancies. Two main composite outcome measures were defined, ie, severe adverse neonatal outcome and mild neonatal morbidity. Results: We report on 2228 neonates. More than 17% were born ,37+0 weeks of gestation. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for severe adverse neonatal outcome at 35 +0-6, 36+0-6, and 37+0-6 weeks were, OR, 9.4; 95% CI, 3.2-27.6; OR, 1.7; 95% CI, ...
INTRODUCTION: caesarean section rates have become a global public health. This study investigated obstetric and socio-demographic factors associated with caesarean section in northern Ghana. METHODS: this was a case-control study comparing 150 women who had caesarean section (cases) and 300 women who had vaginal delivery (controls). Data were collected retrospectively from delivery registers, postpartum and postnatal registers in the Bolgatanga Regional Hospital. Univariate and multivariate analysis of data were done using SPSS 22. RESULTS: the study revealed that women who had higher odds of having a caesarean section were women who; attended Antenatal care (ANC) ≥ 4 times (Adjusted OR = 2.99, 95% CI1.762-5.065), were referred from other health facilities (Adjusted OR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.108-1.337) and had a foetal weight of ≥ 4000 grams (Adjusted OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.064-1.657). There was a slight increase in odds of having a caesarean section among women who had a gestational age > 40 weeks (Adjusted
INTRODUCTION: caesarean section rates have become a global public health. This study investigated obstetric and socio-demographic factors associated with caesarean section in northern Ghana. METHODS: this was a case-control study comparing 150 women who had caesarean section (cases) and 300 women who had vaginal delivery (controls). Data were collected retrospectively from delivery registers, postpartum and postnatal registers in the Bolgatanga Regional Hospital. Univariate and multivariate analysis of data were done using SPSS 22. RESULTS: the study revealed that women who had higher odds of having a caesarean section were women who; attended Antenatal care (ANC) ≥ 4 times (Adjusted OR = 2.99, 95% CI1.762-5.065), were referred from other health facilities (Adjusted OR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.108-1.337) and had a foetal weight of ≥ 4000 grams (Adjusted OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.064-1.657). There was a slight increase in odds of having a caesarean section among women who had a gestational age > 40 weeks (Adjusted
Post-operative pain is the greatest fear of women who undergo Cesarean section, and despite current analgesic regimens, this pain can be severe, impeding the mothers recovery and her ability to bond with and breastfeed her new infant. Opioids are the mainstay of treatment currently, and, although effective, these drugs have significant adverse effects, including sedation, nausea, vomiting and constipation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce opioid consumption, but also have side effects, and are contra-indicated in a significant number of patients. Therefore there remains considerable scope to improve post-Cesarean analgesia.. It has been shown that severe acute post-operative pain after Cesarean section increases the risk of developing chronic pain and post-partum depression. A recent study showed that up to 18% of women have persistent pain after Cesarean section, and that severe acute post-operative pain is a significant risk factor.. Gabapentin is used widely to treat ...
Older, primiparous mothers were much more likely to have a no indicated risk primary caesarean; almost one fifth (19.5%) of primiparous mothers aged over 34 had such a delivery in 2001. More than 5% of multiparous mothers over 34 who had had previous vaginal births also had a no indicated risk primary caesarean in 2001. Among mothers under 30 with no indicated risk, the primary caesarean rate grew by more than half (58%) between 1991 and 2001 to 4.9%.. The raw numbers of births also illustrates this trend. In 2001, 80 028 no indicated risk primary caesareans took place in the United States, an increase of 25 162 since 1996. This represented 25.8% of the total increase (97 659) in primary caesareans between 1996 and 2001.. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis (SAS version 8) to examine changes in primary caesarean rates after controlling for parity; maternal ethnicity, age, and education; birth weight; and data year (1991, 1996, or 2001) (see table on bmj.com). We ran models for all ...
AbstractIn a non-randomized cohort study, we compared continuous with interrupted sutures for the closure of the lower uterine segment at cesarean section. Eighty-two women, who underwent cesarean section at the Department of Obstetrics at the University Hospital of Vienna between January and May 20
We chat to Lisa, of BadMammy.com, about her Emergency C-section experience: Thanks Lisa for sharing your C-section journey. To start perhaps you would include how many children you have and how many were born by C-section: Ive got one child, a son named Eliott, and he was born by Emergency C Section in March 2014. Can you tell me how long ago it is since your C-section occurred and a…. ...
The increasing rate of intrapartum cesarean sections in high resource countries is subject of attention and concern as it is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and infant [1]. Intrapartum cesarean sections that neither benefit mother nor infant should be avoided. An uncomplicated vaginal birth in nulliparous women strongly predicts uncomplicated labors and deliveries in subsequent pregnancies [2], while intrapartum cesarean sections are associated with a 50% subsequent cesarean section rate [3] and adverse outcome for the mother [4-6] and for the baby [7, 8]. The economic aspect of labor is also of importance as an intrapartum cesarean section is significantly more expensive compared to a spontaneous vaginal delivery [9]. The rate of cesarean sections for nulliparous women with a singleton fetus in a cephalic presentation and spontaneous onset of labor at term has increased from 5.7% to 9.2% in Norwegian hospitals (2000-2012) [10]. The most common indication for intrapartum cesarean ...
Results A total of 482 caesarean sections were included in the study. The overall mortality rate was 3.11 per cent, with 2.59 per cent during or after a conservative caesarean section and 4.19 per cent during or after caesarean section with ovariohysterectomy. The reason for ovariohysterectomy was the owners preference in 63 bitches (47.01 per cent); in 71 (52.98 per cent) bitches, ovariohysterectomy was performed due to a medical indication. The fertility rate after caesarean section was 100 per cent. ...
Caesarean section is a common major operation performed on women in the world. There are many possible ways of performing a caesarean section. Operation and operative techniques vary depending on the clinical situation and surgeon preferences. Safe delivery is important for mother and infant. Any potential reduction of birth trauma to the infant has to be balanced against increased ill-health for the mother [9]. This is a prospective randomized controlled study performed on a total of 120 pregnant patients with one or more previous cesarean sections. patients were randomized in to two groups, 60 patients for whom inverted T-LSCS was performed (group A), and another60 patients for whom transverse lower segment curvilinear incision of the uterus was performed (group B). All CS were elective. Statistically significant difference was found between both groups as regard to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. In the present study the incision-delivery interval was comparable for both ...
The cesarean section, delivery of the fetus by incision through the abdominal and uterine wall (Leavitt, 1986:272), is a fascinating procedure indeed. Once a heroic gesture done to save the unborn infant from its dying mother, the cesarean section has become a common medical procedure. Between 1968 and 1977, the cesarean section rates in the United States have tripled, reaching 15.2 percent in 1978 and making the cesarean the tenth most common surgical procedure in the United States (Gleicher, 198^:3273). The cesarean rate has continued to rise from 16.5 percent of deliveries in 1980 (Placek, 1983) to 22.7 percent in 1985 (Placek and Taffel, 1987). This upward trend in cesarean delivery is evident in all types of medical facilities, in all regions of the country, and among women of all educational and income levels (Guillemin, 1981:15).
The authors studied the effects on the child of 196 caesarian sections performed in the absence of foetal distress. The following were noted for each child: the time before the first cry, the Apgar score, pH and the need or not for resuscitation techniques. Each feature was studied in terms of different factors: foetal, obstetric, anaesthetic and surgical. The conclusions were as follows: caesarian section, which remains the best means of preventing obstetric trauma, has its own direct complications which are linked to the conditions in which the operation takes place. These can be reduced to a minimum or even completely suppressed if the caesarian section is performed under ideal conditions: few or no depressant drugs before the operation (the use of diazepam for induction should be abandoned); inclined position of 15 degrees, even of the mother has never suffered from utero-caval syndrome and if possible on a heated mattress; extraction of the infant between the 5th and 15th minutes; finally, ...
In the survey, women were asked whether they had requested a caesarean delivery. Among those who had a birth during 2001 2002, 50.7% responded in the affirmative; this compares with an overall figure of 44.7% for the decade preceding the survey. Mothers who resided in urban areas and the western region, those who had senior high school education and above, and those employed in professional and service sectors were more likely to respond in the affirmative to this question (results not shown separately).. Discussion. The increase in rates of caesarean delivery observed over time in our study population was not fully explained by the increase in the rates of institutional birth alone. Instead, they were likely to be driven by the twin pressures of obstetricians favouring recourse to caesarean delivery and women s demand for the procedure. The analysis demonstrated that use of antenatal care, especially ultrasound scanning, was also associated with a greater likelihood of caesarean delivery. The ...
Cesarean delivery is one of the most common surgical procedures. In the United States, more than 1 million cesarean sections are performed each year, accounting for more than 30% of births. The majority of these procedures are performed using a regional technique; general anesthesia is reserved for patients who have a contraindication to a regional block or for emergencies, when there is not enough time for a regional block. Consequently, general anesthesia for cesarean delivery is relatively rare, and providers may be less comfortable administering it to parturients. Their discomfort is warranted. Although straightforward, general anesthetic for cesarean section is fraught with adverse events, including an increased risk of awareness, aspiration, difficult airway with hypoxia, drug-related uterine atony, and neonatal respiratory depression. ...
I had planned a normal birth. We were going to video tape the birth and I was going to have this perfect delivery. I never even considered that I might have to have a c-section. Now I look back and dont regret for a second that I never experienced...
How to avoid an unnecesarean? Too many women are delivered surgically without any evidence that they really needed this. The WHO recently stated that Cesarean sections should only be performed if medically necessary.. A Cesarean section is major abdominal surgery and, like everything in life, has its own risks attached. A Cesarean section influences all your subsequent pregnancies and births.. The expert appraoch of Proactive Support of Labor absolutely increases your chances of a normal birth, but sadly in countries like the USA, China and Brazil, to name a few, Cesarean rates are soaring. Quite often there is a financial incentive for the obstetrician, not to mention the convenience of scheduled surgery instead of just sitting with a woman, Supporting her.. There are too many stories of women more or less forced into Cesareans because of: an estimated large baby, a tightly closed cervix at 38 weeks, a failed induction because the dr wanted her to deliver because of his holidays, etc. The list ...
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the appropriateness of cesarean sections, performed in Tehran hospitals using standardized Rand Appropriateness Method (RAM) criteria. METHODS: In this study we used the RAM criteria. In order to prepare the list of cesarean scenarios, clinical guidelines were selected, and the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation was used to choose the most appropriate. Two panels were held with the participation of related specialists. The scenarios derived through this method were compared with data existing in the medical records of 250 women who underwent cesarean sections in selected hospitals affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The appropriateness rate of the cesarean sections was calculated.   RESULTS: Out of 250 cases of cesarean sections performed, 91 (36.4%) were inappropriate, 41 (16.4%) were equivocal and 118 (47.2%) were considered to be appropriate. Appropriateness differed between public and private hospitals,
Surgical site infections are common and a cause of major morbidity. They are also more common in obese women. Cesarean sections are the most common surgery performed in the United States, therefore pregnant women are being faced with this problem frequently. There is evidence to show that prophylactically administered antibiotics, cefazolin specifically, to obese women prior to cesarean section do not reach adequate concentrations in adipose tissue to prevent infection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if an increased dose of cefazolin will attain adequate tissue concentration in obese women. Our hypothesis is that three grams of cefazolin given no more than 60 minutes prior to the start of a cesarean section in an obese (Body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30) woman will attain adequate adipose tissue concentration compared to two grams of cefazolin.. Subjects will be selected if they are greater than 37 weeks gestation wiht a singleton pregnancy and require a cesarean ...
The average caesarean birth costs more than twice the amount of a natural, uncomplicated birth. Thats big money for cash-strapped hospitals which is exactly why they have recently banned all non-emergency caesarean births.. The ban is much different than the discouragement that hospitals have practiced in the past. Previously, moms were simply educated about the risks. The new ban makes it practically impossible for women to go ahead with a planned caesarean unless there is proof that either mother or babys life would be endangered through a vaginal birth.. Case studies have been conducted on the number of caesarean births all over the world. Rates have been rising steadily throughout almost every country, including the UK. According to the studies, one-fourth of all births in the UK are now caesareans. This is a dramatic rise from the 9 percent of caesarean births in 1980.. UK hospitals arent the first to ban non-emergent caesarean births. Major hospitals in Phoenix, Arizona also banned ...
Many countries have an increasing rate of caesarean section. Higher rates do not always give additional health gains and they can increase maternal risks and affect subsequent pregnancies. Active management of labour has been proposed to reduce the number of caesarean births. Active management includes routine amniotomy (artificial rupture of the membranes), strict rules for diagnosing slow progress, use of the intravenous drug oxytocin to increase contractions of the uterus and one-to-one care. The disadvantages of active management are that it can possibly lead to more invasive monitoring, more interventions and a more medicalised birth in which women have less control and less satisfaction. The review included seven trials involving 5390 women. These studies show that women who received active management were slightly less likely to have a caesarean section and were more likely to have shorter labours (less than 12 hours). There was no difference in the number of assisted deliveries, nor was ...
Objective: Cesarean section (C-section) is associated with various immune-mediated diseases in the offspring. We investigated the relationship between mode of delivery and celiac disease (CD) and CD autoimmunity (CDA) in a multinational birth cohort. Methods: From 2004 to 2010, infants from the general population who tested positive for HLADR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 were enrolled in The Environmental Determinants for Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. Children were annually screened for transglutaminase autoantibodies, if positive, they are retested after 3 to 6 months and those persistently positive defined as CDA. Associations of C-section with maternal (age, education level, parity, pre-pregnancy weight, diabetes, smoking, weight gain during pregnancy) and child characteristics (gestational age, birth weight) were examined by Fisher exact test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Hazard ratios (HRs) for CDA or CD were calculated by Cox proportional hazard regression models. Results: Of 6087 analyzed ...
About one birth in every four in Australia is by caesarean section, and that rate appears to be increasing. The proportionof births by caesarean vary significantly from region to region, and the most appropriate rate is a matter of some debate. A caesarean section is needed when delivery through the birth canal (vagina) is not possible or when vaginal delivery would pose a danger to the mother or baby. A caesarean section may be planned in advance as
Results: The mean age of the women participating in this study was 34.2 7.7 years, and 274 (52.4%) of them delivered a baby by cesarean section at least once. Of the participants, those whose longest place of residence was an urban area gave birth through caesarian section more than did those whose longest place of residence was a rural area.Similarly, thosewho had ahighereducation level, who were employed,who obtained information about birth before delivery gave birth through caesarian section more than did those who had a lowereducation level, who were unemployed and who did notobtain information about birth before delivery. Of the participants who obtained information about birth, those who obtained it from physicians also gave birth through caesarian section more than did those who obtained it frommidwives and nurses ...
C sections are now much safer than they used to be, and with them becoming more routine, surgeons are more skilled at this than ever before.
I had a cesarean section at the The Medical City last August 15, 2014. It was a scheduled CS and I was admitted August 14. First step is that you have to go to the Admitting Section where you have to choose your room. One technique is to get a semi-private room, to have lesser charge. Usually semi-private rooms are reserved for minor OB-GYNE surgery for overnight stay like hysteroscopy. I was hesitant to get a semi-private room because rooming in of newborn is practiced at this hospital ...
By: Healtheoz , Tags: abdominal exercise after cesarean delivery, can i do exercise after cesarean delivery, exercise after c section delivery, exercise after cesarean, exercise after cesarean delivery, exercise after cesarean delivery to reduce stomach, exercise for back pain after cesarean delivery, post pregnancy exercise after cesarean, yoga after c section deliver, yoga after cesarean delivery , Comments: 0. Cesarean or C-section is a delivery method which is carried out when the vaginal delivery poses a risk to the mother. Exercising after cesarean is always an added benefit. You can go for various post pregnancy exercises after cesarean…. READ MORE ...
In many hospitals, especially in Argentina, the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Norway, Australia, and New Zealand the mothers birth partner is encouraged to attend the surgery to support the mother and share the experience. The anaesthetist will usually lower the drape temporarily as the child is delivered so the parents can see their newborn ...
after caesarean section - 28 images - caesarean scar pictures, after a cesarean, c section cesarean section reasons for this medically, what is different about pregnancy after a c section, c section scar pictures
Doctoral thesis (2018). Recent studies have highlighted that the human gastrointestinal microbiome not only maintains important functions for the human host, but is also intimately linked to the development of the neonatal ... [more ▼]. Recent studies have highlighted that the human gastrointestinal microbiome not only maintains important functions for the human host, but is also intimately linked to the development of the neonatal immune system. Therefore, earliest perturbations to the initial colonization process of the human gastrointestinal tract have been suggested to result in adverse health effects later in life. While the rate of caesarean section deliveries is increasing worldwide, it still remains unclear to what extent a caesarean section delivery (CSD) or other perturbations affect the colonization and succession of the gastrointestinal microbiome and might eventually impact the immune development of a neonate. Although much research has been performed on bacterial colonization and ...
31-year-old female with hypersensitivity to local anesthetics and neuromuscular blocking agents presented for emergency Cesarean section. We successfully performed I-gel-assisted tracheal intubation without using neuromuscular blockers. We believe this method would be helpful in selected situations.
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and its associated partners claim in a 2008 joint position statement that, Caesarean section should be reserved for pregnancies in which there is a threat to the health of the mother and/or baby and a Caesarean section should not be offered to a pregnant woman when there is no obstetrical indication. From both personal and professional experience I can confidently say this is not the case. C-section rates. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a C-section rate between 5-15%. The national Canadian average for C-sections is 26.94%, close to double the upper limits of the WHO recommendations. The Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) recently did a survey of GTA hospitals and their section rates and found some hospitals to have a 30-40% section rate. The U.S. is similar with a national average of 29.1%, which is over a quarter of all deliveries. This is a frightening statistic, and we need to ask some hard questions ...
Looking for online definition of lower uterine segment cesarean section in the Medical Dictionary? lower uterine segment cesarean section explanation free. What is lower uterine segment cesarean section? Meaning of lower uterine segment cesarean section medical term. What does lower uterine segment cesarean section mean?
Looking for online definition of nonreassuring fetal status in the Medical Dictionary? nonreassuring fetal status explanation free. What is nonreassuring fetal status? Meaning of nonreassuring fetal status medical term. What does nonreassuring fetal status mean?
Endometriosis, a common gynecological condition, is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It often presents as a cyclic, hormonally stimulated pain in women during their reproductive years. While endometriosis is usually located within the pelvis, it may also occur at intraperitoneal, intestinal, perineal, and distant ectopic sites. Although often diffuse, a localized, focal mass of endometrial tissue is termed as an endometrioma. In rare occurrences, an endometrioma will present superficially to the peritoneum within the abdominal wall following gynecologic or obstetric surgery. The presence of an abdominal wall endometrioma within a cesarean section scar may pose a diagnostic dilemma, which is often misdiagnosed, and results in surgery referrals for treatment. The clinical symptoms and sonographic appearance of abdominal wall endometriomas occurring at cesarean section scars are highlighted in this case series.
The effect of continuous epidural analgesia on cesarean section for dystocia in nulliparous women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Sep;161(3):670-5.
Objective. To investigate the effect of cervical dilation at the time of cesarean section due to dystocia and success in a subsequent pregnancy of attempted vaginal delivery. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. University hospital in Copenhagen capital area. Population. All women with a prior cesarean section due to dystocia who had undergone a subsequent pregnancy with a singleton delivery during 2006-2010. Methods. Medical records were reviewed for prior vaginal birth, cervical dilation reached before cesarean section and induction of labor, gestational age, use of oxytocin, epidural anesthesia and mode of birth was collected. Results. A total of 889 women were included; 373 had had a trial of labor. The success rate for vaginal birth among women with prior cesarean section for dystocia at 4-8 cm dilation was 39%, but 59% for women in whom prior cesarean section had been done at a fully or almost fully dilated cervix (9-10 cm) (p , 0.001). Among the women with a previous vaginal delivery ...
Women who have had a prior c-section have the option of a undergoing vaginal birth after c-section (VBAC) or an elective repeat c-section. A successful vaginal birth carries a lower risk to the woman than does a repeat c-section. Women undergoing a vaginal delivery will generally have an easier recovery with fewer problems after delivery and a shorter hospital stay than those who have a c-section.. However, there are certain individuals who are more likely to be successful for a VBAC than others. If your prior cesarean section had been performed for a fetal issue (I.e. baby was breech, heart rate was worrisome, etc.), the likelihood of a successful VBAC approaches 85%. If your prior cesarean section was done for a maternal reason (i.e. stopped dilating, baby didnt fit through the pelvis), the likelihood of a successful VBAC is only around 50%.. There are risks associated with undergoing a VBAC. The most serious risk is that of uterine rupture. In most cases, cesarean sections are performed with ...
Background. Informed consent consists of availing information to the patient in an understandable manner without coercion to allow the patient to make an informed decision about their health care. In the case of informed consent for caesarean section, this information must include the name, nature, intended benefits of the procedure, risks of the procedure, alternative procedures, implications on future reproductive health and anaesthetic options Little attention, in Zambia, has been paid to whether patients receive adequate consent before operation and its implications for future reproductive capacity; this study aims to explore this aspect.Methods. This was a cross sectional study in which post-caesarean section mothers were interviewed in the postnatal wards at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), Lusaka, Zambia after under going emergency (n=l 15) and elective caesarean section (n=32). Information was obtained using a standardized questionnaire. Adequacy was determined by asking about ...
We studied 510 patients in a retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative survey of vaginal births and repeat caesarean section after one primary caesarean section at the Port Moresby General Hospital. 478 (94%) were allowed a trial of scar (TOS). The m
Vaginal birth after Caesarean Section (VBAC) carries risks of uterine rupture, with increased perinatal mortality risk. When labour is induced there may be higher uterine rupture and repeat caesarean section (CS) rates in women with previous CS, compared to when labour starts spontaneously.1 The method of induction of labour (IOL) in women with previous CS remains controversial, as there is a higher risk of uterine rupture when prostaglandins (PGs) are used compared with the use of non-prostaglandin methods.2 For women with previous CS, NICE guidance recommends PGs for routine use in IOL,3 however, obstetricians concerned about the increased uterine rupture risk may prefer to offer elective CS instead, therefore increasing CS rates.. Comparisons between the use of cervical dilator balloon catheters versus PGs in nulliparous women have shown similar efficacy in establishing labour, without the risks of uterine hyperstimulation or rupture.4 5 IOL with Cook cervical dilator balloon was introduced ...
Free Online Library: Emergency caesarean section in a patient with myotonic dystrophy: a case of failed postoperative extubation in a patient with mild disease.(Report) by Anaesthesia and Intensive Care; Health, general Anesthesia Methods Patient outcomes Cesarean section Myotonic dystrophy Care and treatment Complications and side effects
Retrospective study on outcome of trial of vaginal birth after Previous Caesarean Section and indications for emergency repeat caesarean section in tertiary care hospital-IJOGR-Print ISSN No:-2394-2746 Online ISSN No:-2394-2754Article DOI No:-10.18231,Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research-IP Innovative P
we had unprotected sex for the first time on 13th, 14th and 15th. Moreover, if second pregnancy after emergency c-section is, there second pregnancy after emergency c-section aafter way of knowing if you will require stitches. Its usually light spotting and does not last second pregnancy after emergency c-section. Lysteda works by stabilizing a protein that helps blood to clot. Its released from the ovary and travels down the fallopian tube where hopefully sperm are second pregnancy after emergency c-section to meet it. In the first few weeks following conception, your hormone levels change very early pregnancy signs breasts. Home pregnancy tests work by detecting hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). Antibiotics and various about the counter drugs are accessible for the therapy of this effectively known medical problem. At the mark of the second trimester, an increase in appetite may or may not occur. And hopefully whatever your body is doing in the absence of xfter possible lack of awareness - ...
The risks of VBAC. The most serious but rare risk of women attempting a VBAC is uterine rupture. A uterine rupture is a tear or hole in the uterus. There is an increased risk of uterine rupture with VBAC compared to ERCS. The rates of uterine rupture are approximately one in every 200 women who labour and have previously had a caesarean section, and one in every 5000 women who choose ERCS.. A uterine rupture can be very small or large. In most circumstances this is quickly identified and we are able to make plans for the safe delivery of your baby. While very rare, uterine rupture can be associated with significant bleeding for you (including the potential need for a blood transfusion or even hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)), and the need for urgent delivery of your baby who can be deprived of oxygen. The evidence tells us that in most cases, when an emergency caesarean section is performed, no serious harm comes to the mother or baby.. In some situations the risk of rupture is increased. ...
MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive general anesthesia during a cesarean section delivery are at higher risk of severe postpartum depression that requires hospitalization, as well as self-inflicted harm and suicidal thoughts, a new study finds.. Researchers from Columbia University analyzed more than 428,000 discharge records of women who delivered by C-section in New York state hospitals between 2006 and 2013. Eight percent had general anesthesia.. In all, 1,158 women (3%) had to be hospitalized for severe postpartum depression. Of those, 60% were diagnosed at readmission, about 164 days after their initial discharge.. Compared with local anesthesia, general anesthesia was associated with a 54% increased odds of postpartum depression, and a 91% higher risk of suicidal thoughts or self-inflicted injury. The study only found an observation rather than a cause-and-effect link.. General anesthesia for cesarean delivery may increase the risk of postpartum depression because ...
MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive general anesthesia during a cesarean section delivery are at higher risk of severe postpartum depression that requires hospitalization, as well as self-inflicted harm and suicidal thoughts, a new study finds.. Researchers from Columbia University analyzed more than 428,000 discharge records of women who delivered by C-section in New York state hospitals between 2006 and 2013. Eight percent had general anesthesia.. In all, 1,158 women (3%) had to be hospitalized for severe postpartum depression. Of those, 60% were diagnosed at readmission, about 164 days after their initial discharge.. Compared with local anesthesia, general anesthesia was associated with a 54% increased odds of postpartum depression, and a 91% higher risk of suicidal thoughts or self-inflicted injury. The study only found an observation rather than a cause-and-effect link.. General anesthesia for cesarean delivery may increase the risk of postpartum depression because ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Blood transfusion during cesarean section. A 12 years retrospective analysis.. AU - Imberti, R.. AU - Preseglio, I.. AU - Trotta, V.. AU - Filisetti, P.. AU - Mapelli, A.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Transfusional practice over the last 12 years was investigated retrospectively in 1618 women submitted to lower-segment cesarean section. The overall percentage of transfused patients was low (2.4%) and it has become lower in the last four years (1.1%), in concomitance with the development of better knowledge of tissue oxygenation and with the fear of transmitting infectious diseases, factors which have led anesthesiologists to employ blood only when strictly required. Three conditions greatly increased the risk of bleeding: placenta previa, abruptio placentae and coagulation disorders. Previous cesarean section, fetal distress, dystocias and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy did not increase the risk of bleeding and no difference was found between elective and non-elective ...
Student Health Services covers inpatient maternity care at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Barnes Jewish West County Hospital, or Missouri Baptist Medical Center. Covered Persons must notify Student Health Services either three business days prior for planned admissions or two business days following emergency admissions. The student is responsible for a $250 deductible for the first delivery and a $1,000 deductible for any additional deliveries. Student Health Services will pay 100% of the remaining covered expenses for up to 96 hours following a caesarean section delivery and up to 48 hours following any other delivery.. Student Health Services also covers all routine nursery care for newborn infant for up to 96 hours following a caesarean section delivery and for up to 48 hours following any other delivery. Newborn infant means any child birthed by a student or covered dependent. The right to continue such coverage for the newborn infant beyond the first 48 or 96 hours is determined by the Eligible ...
Objective To estimate the incidence of incisional hernias requiring surgical repair after cesarean delivery over a 10-year period. Methods This population- and register-based cohort study identified all women in Denmark with no history of previous abdominal surgery who had a cesarean delivery between 1991 and 2000. The cohort was followed from their first until 10 years after their last cesarean delivery within the inclusion period or until the first of the following events: hernia repair, death, emigration, abdominal surgery, or cesarean delivery after the inclusion period. For women who had a hernia repair, hospital records regarding the surgery and previous cesarean deliveries were tracked and manually analyzed to validate the relationship between hernia repair and cesarean delivery. Data were analyzed with a competing risk analysis that included each cesarean delivery. Results We identified 57,564 women who had had 68,271 cesarean deliveries during the inclusion period. During follow-up, 134 of
Cesarean section (CS) rate has risen dramatically and stayed at a very high level in China over the past two to three decades. Given the short- and long-term adverse effects of CS, effective strategies are needed to reduce unnecessary CS. We aimed to evaluate whether a multifaceted intervention would decrease the CS rate in China. We carried out a cluster-randomized field trial with a multifaceted intervention in Shanghai, China, from 2015 to 2017. A total of 20 hospitals were randomly allocated into an intervention or a control group. The intervention consisted of more targeted health education to pregnant women, improved hospital CS policy, and training of midwives/doulas for 8 months. The study included a baseline survey, the intervention, and an evaluation survey. The primary outcome was the changes of overall CS rate from the pre-intervention to the post-intervention period. A subgroup analysis stratified by the Robson classification was also conducted to examine the CS change among women with
Cesarean section (CS) rate has risen dramatically and stayed at a very high level in China over the past two to three decades. Given the short- and long-term adverse effects of CS, effective strategies are needed to reduce unnecessary CS. We aimed to evaluate whether a multifaceted intervention would decrease the CS rate in China. We carried out a cluster-randomized field trial with a multifaceted intervention in Shanghai, China, from 2015 to 2017. A total of 20 hospitals were randomly allocated into an intervention or a control group. The intervention consisted of more targeted health education to pregnant women, improved hospital CS policy, and training of midwives/doulas for 8 months. The study included a baseline survey, the intervention, and an evaluation survey. The primary outcome was the changes of overall CS rate from the pre-intervention to the post-intervention period. A subgroup analysis stratified by the Robson classification was also conducted to examine the CS change among women with
TY - JOUR. T1 - Practices to Reduce Surgical Site Infections among Women Undergoing Cesarean Section. T2 - A Review. AU - McKibben, Rebeccah A.. AU - Pitts, Samantha I.. AU - Suarez-Cuervo, Catalina. AU - Perl, Trish M.. AU - Bass, Eric B.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean section (C-section), a common procedure in North America. While risk factors for SSI are often modifiable, wide variation in clinical practice exists. With this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the results and quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on interventions to reduce surgical site infections among women undergoing C-section. METHODS We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between January 2000 and May 2014 on interventions to reduce the occurrence of SSIs (incisional infections and endometritis), ...
Some women who have delivered previous babies by c-section would like to have their next baby vaginally. This is called vaginal delivery after c-section or VBAC. Women have various reasons for wanting a vaginal delivery after c-section. Some want to avoid the risks and long recovery of surgery while others want to experience a vaginal delivery.. Studies show that vaginal delivery after c-sections are more risky for the woman and baby than a repeat c-section. The most serious danger of vaginal delivery after c-sections is the chance that the c-section scar on the uterus will open up during labor and delivery, or uterine rupture. While very rare, uterine rupture is very dangerous for the mother and baby. Uterine rupture can lead to life-threatening bleeding for the mother and brain damage or even death for the baby.. The biggest and best study on vaginal delivery after c-section was published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2004. The researchers studied more than 30,000 women who had had ...
-How to Help Yourself or Your Friends/Family to Avoid an Unnecessary C-section The United States cesarean section rate, which skyrocketed during the 1980s, has plateaued and begun a very slow reversal of this earlier dangerous trend. It appears that increased use of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) has been a major factor in bringing…
Comment on Increased caesarean section rate over time (1994-2006) is not associated with improved outcomes in very low birth weight infants ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An international survey of practice variation in the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section. AU - Huskins, W. C.. AU - Ba-Thike, K.. AU - Festin, M. R.. AU - Limpongsanurak, S.. AU - Lumbiganon, P.. AU - Peedicayil, A.. AU - Purwar, M.. AU - Shenoy, S.. AU - Goldmann, D. A.. AU - Tolosa, Jorge. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. N2 - Objective: To examine the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section in different countries and in relation to a reference regimen. Method: Fifty consecutive cesarean sections performed in eight centers in five countries were surveyed. Data from each center were compared to a regimen recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration (one dose of ampicillin or cefazolin administered to all women shortly before the procedure or immediately after cord clamping) using logistic regression with adjustment for procedure type. Result: Prophylaxis was used widely, but only four centers administered prophylaxis to all women. Ampicillin and cefazolin were the ...
Last year, when Weldon began as chair of the obstetrician/gynecology department at PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center - a role that rotates among physicians - she worked to promote quick skin-to-skin contact following C-section deliveries.. Once delivered, babies remain attached to the umbilical cord for one minute to allow more blood to get to the baby, then the surgeon dries the baby so a receiving nurse can put the infant on a mothers chest after the cord is cut, Weldon explained. The mother can hold her child as her incision is closed.. At PeaceHealth Southwest, representatives from labor and delivery nursing, neonatal nursing, anesthesia, midwifery and obstetrics/gynecology met to determine the changes theyd need to make in order to facilitate skin-to-skin contact following C-section births. They worked out how to move the baby without compromising the sterile surgical field and how to position monitors to ensure there was room between a womans head and chest for the baby to ...
Research in the latest edition of the European Journal of Anaesthesiology (the official journal of the European Society of Anaesthesiology) reports the potential dangers of allowing skin-to-skin contact for mother and baby in the operating room, following a cesarean section birth.
Thank you for visiting our blog. In the future we continue to seek better in presenting good information. Dont forget to share the article Nursing Care Plan for Cesarean Section (C-section) this in social media.. advertise. Frequently searched keywords:. Nanda Nursing Diagnosis, nanda nursing diagnosis pdf, nanda nursing diagnosis for renal failure, nanda nursing diagnosis for diabetes mellitus, nanda nursing diagnosis for respiratory problems, nanda nursing diagnosis book+free download, nanda nursing diagnosis for respiratory failure, nanda nursing diagnosis list 2015 pdf, nanda nursing diagnosis for atrial septal defect, nanda nursing diagnosis 2015, nanda nursing diagnosis 2015 pdf, nanda nursing diagnosis 2015 to 2017, nanda nursing diagnosis free download, nanda nursing diagnosis list 2015 free download, nanda nursing diagnosis impaired gas exchange, nanda nursing diagnosis ppt, nanda nursing diagnosis classification, nanda nursing diagnosis care plans examples, nanda nursing diagnosis for ...
During my moms pregnancy with me, she was diagnosed with placenta previa, a condition in which the placenta lies very low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. The cervix is the opening to the uterus that sits on the top of the vagina. If you have placenta previa, when your labor starts, your cervix begins to thin out and dilate (open up), and the blood vessels connecting the placenta to your uterus may tear. This can cause severe bleeding.. My mom remembers the day I was born, like it was yesterday. She remembers my Aunt running down the hall to get towels for her while she stood in the bathroom bleeding during her third trimester. She was rushed to the hospital and had an emergency Cesarean section (C-section) performed. My mom says she can still remember what the pressure felt like on her lower abdomen during the procedure.. We dont know what causes placenta previa, which happens in about 1 in 200 pregnancies. If you have placenta previa early in pregnancy, it usually isnt a ...
A 37-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 1, abortus 0), following an uncomplicated pregnancy except for a history of insulin-dependent gestational diabetes with good glycaemic control and a local Varicella-Zoster infection which treated successfully, underwent elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia with bupivacaine hydrochloride (10mg). Surgery was uneventful and two healthy twin-girls were delivered. Corticosteroids were at no point given. Antibiotics were given intraoperatively. Four days after the caesarean section the patient experienced a sudden decrease of visual acuity combined with a central scotoma and metamorphopsia in her right eye. At presentation, best-corrected visual acuity of the right eye was 8/20 with metamorphopsia, a central scotoma in Amslers grid and blurred vision. Funduscopy of the right eye revealed a serous elevation of the macula (Figure 1). Fluorescein angiography (FA) disclosed three expanding points of fluorescein leakage at the foveolar avascular zone. ...
placenta accreta, accreta, high cesarean rate, cesareans, cesarean section, c-section, VBAC, VBAC ban, complications of cesareans, birth politics, percreta, increta, placentation
Louise Kenny and colleagues conduct a population-based cohort study in Denmark to assess the likelihood of stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy following cesarean section compared to women who gave birth by vaginal delivery. Please see later in the article for the Editors Summary
What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: 1. You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery. 2. You can give birth vaginally. This is called a VBAC. What is a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC)? If you have had a previous cesarean delivery, you have two choices about how to give birth again: You can have a scheduled cesarean delivery; You can give birth vaginally. This is called a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). ...
This is the first study of its kind to show that one vaginal delivery influences the long-term risk of developimg urinary incontinence, prolapse and faecal incontinence compared to one caesarean section. The results of this study provide important new information for women who are concerned that a vaginal delivery will lead to long-term pelvic floor damage.. However it is important to note that when choosing the most suitable form of delivery it is necessary to consider numerous medical issues that can potentially influence the health of the mother and child.. The thesis Long-term consequences of vaginal delivery on the pelvic floor. A comparison with caesarean section in one-para women was defended by Maira Gyhagen on January 25, 2013.. Link to thesis: https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/31701. For more information please contact: ...
The aim of the study was to assess the value of the todays appropriate approach, preterm delivery in the 34th week of gestation by Caesarean section and subsequent surgical intervention at the perinatal center, in daily practice of pediatric surgery with regard to early postoperative and mid-term outcome. Material and methods. Over the time period of 9 years, all consecutive cases diagnosed with gastroschisis at the perinatal center, University Hospital of Magdeburg, were born by Caesarean section within the 34th week of gestation followed by surgical intervention. The registered data were compared with those published by other groups. Results. Overall, there were 19 cases through the investigation period from 01/01/2006 to 12/31/2014. The mean duration of gestation was 237.9 days. The mean birth weight was 2,276 g. In all individuals, a primary closure with no artificial material was achieved. The duration of postoperative artificial respiration was 2.3 days. Oral uptake could be initiated on ...
One of the areas of medicine where this process of informed consent has historically been lacking is in obstetrics. In the past, women have often been told that they are not allowed to choose caesarean section unless it was, in the doctors opinion, medically necessary. This practice, however, is slowly changing. In July 2018, the Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians of Canada (SOGC), the professional body that sets guidelines for practicing obstetricians, published a Committee Opinion making it clear that informed consent must be obtained for childbirth as well.. The first step required of the medical team (doctors, nurses, midwives) is to have a clear understanding of the risks and benefits of both planned caesarean section (for non-medical reasons) and of attempted vaginal delivery. The discussion of risks should include both common risks (like pain after delivery) and rarer, long term consequences (brain damage, death, complications in future pregnancies, etc.).. There are currently no ...
Published in J Clin Anesth. 2014 May;26(3):235-7. Authors: Samanta S et al. Abstract. Valvular heart disease in a parturient presenting for Cesarean section is challenging. A 25 year old primigravida parturient with severe mitral stenosis, mild mitral regurgitation, mild aortic regurgitation, and mild pulmonary arterial hypertension required Cesarean delivery after developing pulmonary edema.. Low-dose spinal with hyperbaric bupivacine 0.5% 1.8 mL plus 25 μg of fentanyl was used for anesthesia.. Chest ultrasonography (US) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were used for monitoring purposes.. Spinal-induced preload reduction improved the pulmonary edema, as evidenced by chest US. Chest US and TTE helped in fluid management.. ...
Within the past month, I have heard more than a handful of stories where planned vaginal births ended up in emergency cesareans, and mom was given a diagnosis of either FTP or CPD. More horrifying, I keep hearing of *ELECTIVE* cesarean surgery, to avoid the pain or possible injury of a vaginal birth, because a woman is led to believe that a VBAC is just too risky, or because she cannot find a care provider to support her in one. I continue to be utterly baffled by the mentality in our society, surrounding cesarean sections, ie, major abdominal surgery. The risks are pasted all over the internet, warning women about choosing such a dangerous mode of delivery, and yet...we have the highest cesarean rate that weve ever had as a country. Theres absolutely no excuse for a 31.1% ( and that was 2006, we dont know 2007s rates yet! ) cesarean rate. The WHO has recommended a national cesarean rate of NO MORE than 10-15%, which means that roughly 1/2-2/3 of *all* cesareans done are unnecessary ...
Methods This cohort study was performed on all the healthy mothers with a term pregnancy who underwent caesarean section in the obstetrics emergency department of an educational hospital affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences from December 2013 to December 2014. We divided this 12-month period into two consecutive 6 months. Povidone-iodine 10% (PVP-I) and chlorhexidine gluconate 4% (CHX) were used in the first and second 6 months, respectively, for skin preparation before caesarean section and also for umbilical cord disinfection. Cord blood thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) were assayed by the ELISA method. ...
While Barry applied Western surgical techniques, nineteenth-century travelers in Africa reported instances of indigenous people successfully carrying out the procedure with their own medical practices. In 1879, for example, one British traveller, R.W. Felkin, witnessed cesarean section performed by Ugandans. The healer used banana wine to semi-intoxicate the woman and to cleanse his hands and her abdomen prior to surgery. He used a midline incision and applied cautery to minimize hemorrhaging. He massaged the uterus to make it contract but did not suture it; the abdominal wound was pinned with iron needles and dressed with a paste prepared from roots. The patient recovered well, and Felkin concluded that this technique was well-developed and had clearly been employed for a long time. Similar reports come from Rwanda, where botanical preparations were also used to anesthetize the patient and promote wound healing. In Western society women for the most part were barred from carrying out cesarean sections
Now Im 26 weeks with Baby #2. The hernia isnt bothering me, but it is very noticeable. I am scheduled for a second c-section due to the hernia (dont give me any grief!). My OBGYN consulted with the surgeon and they feel it should not be repaired during the c-section, but 6 weeks after. My uterus needs to shrink first ...
Hi mummies, just after some advice from mums who have had a high number C-section (more then 3) and had their tubes tied at the same time? We are hoping for a 4th bub and thinking of trying soon, it would be my 4th C-section and Im - page 3
THURSDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDayNews) - A mother whose first baby is delivered by cesarean section may have an increased risk of unexplained stillbirth in her second pregnancy, says a Scottish study in the Nov. 29 issue of the journal The Lancet.. In women with one previous cesarean delivery, the risk of unexplained stillbirth when the fetus was at least 39 weeks old was about double the risk of stillbirth or neonatal death from uterine rupture, the study says. ...
The aim was to explore the possibility to diagnose retained placental tissue and other placental complications with 3D ultrasound and to investigate the impact of previous caesarean section on placentation in forthcoming pregnancies.. 3D ultrasound was used to measure the volumes of the uterine body and cavity in 50 women with uncomplicated deliveries throughout the postpartum period. These volumes were then used as reference, to diagnose retained placental tissue in 25 women with secondary postpartum haemorrhage. All but three of the 25 women had retained placental tissue confirmed at histopathology. The volume of the uterine cavity in women with retained placental tissue was larger than the reference in most cases, but even cavities with no retained placental tissue were enlarged (Studies I and II).. Women with their first and second birth, recorded in the Swedish medical birth register, were studied in order to find an association between previous caesarean section and retained placenta. The ...
The case stemmed from complaints filed by Operation Rescue and Project Defending Life after Tara Shaver of PDL obtained the 911 call through an open records request.. Sella was accused of four counts of gross negligence in her treatment of a 35-week pregnant woman from New York who traveled to Southwestern Womens Options in Albuquerque for an abortion because her baby was diagnosed as having a large head.. According to the record, Sella ignored every possible warning sign, including the womans medical history that included a previous Cesarean Section delivery and ACOG standards when she proceeded with the abortion using dangerous drugs that cause unpredictable and often severe uterine contractions that have been known to cause uterine ruptures.. Operation Rescue and Project Defending Life brought the complaints in an effort to protect women from further harm.. Since the New Mexico Medical Board refuses to do its duty to protect the public, we call for a complete overhaul of the Board. We ...
Lung function was measured at 30 minutes and again at 2 hours after birth in 12 infants delivered vaginally, in 15 infants delivered by elective caesarean section under general anaesthesia (GA), and in 15 delivered under epidural anesthesia (EDA). Umbilical arterial blood was analysed for pH and for concentrations of catecholamines and cortisol. No important differences in gestational age, birthweight, Apgar scores, or haematocrit were found among the three groups. Tidal volume and minute ventilation measured 30 minutes after birth were lower in infants delivered by caesarean section than in those delivered vaginally and at 2 hours the tidal volume was still lower in the babies delivered by caesarean section than in those delivered vaginally. Dynamic compliance was lower at 30 minutes in the group that had a caesarean section than in the vaginal group, and this difference was significant at two hours. Tidal volume, minute ventilation, and dynamic compliance in the GA and EDA groups did not ...
"Why Is It Called A 'Cesarean Section' Anyway?". HuffPost. 2018-04-05. Retrieved 2019-11-23. Depierri, Kate P. "One Way of ... "cesarean section , Description, History, & Risks". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-11-23. Boss, Jeffrey. "Caesarian ... In early Christian Rome, C-sections were almost non-existent. Loss of skill is a possibility for the lack of C-sections. Infant ... Thus, C-sections could have potentially occurred on a fairly regular basis, and accounts were simply not recorded. Mortality ...
"Cesarean Section Under Difficulties", which documented a caesarean section he performed in a remote ranch-house lit by an oil ... Harrison, Tillson (1912). "Cesarean Section Under Difficulties". Journal of the American Medical Association. 59 (1): 37. doi: ...
Court-Ordered Cesarean Section, "poor, minority women are affected most often by court-ordered c-section [...] which include: ... For example, a cesarean section could save the baby and mother's life, but the mother wants a natural birth that will kill both ... In another example, a woman can receive a court-ordered cesarean section to save a fetus, but this is usually viewed as ... Even in the case where court-ordered cesarean sections seem necessary, most physicians and law-makers avoid it altogether as ...
Women who have had a caesarean section for a previous pregnancy are at risk of having a uterine rupture, when their caesarean ... "Elective repeat caesarean section versus induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birth". The Cochrane Database ... There is not yet enough research to determine which method of induction is safest for a woman who has had a caesarean section ... There is also no research to say whether it is better for these women and their babies to have an elective caesarean section ...
The average caesarean section postnatal stay is three to four days. During this time, the mother is monitored for bleeding, ... "Recovering from a caesarean section". NHS Choices. Retrieved 16 December 2016. Vernon D (2007). With Women, Midwives ... recent C-section, or first-degree relative with a history of thrombotic episode. For women with a history of thrombotic event ... women who deliver vaginally are about twice as likely to have urinary incontinence as women who give birth via a cesarean. ...
"Video of Cow Caesarean Section". VetPulse TV in Practice. YouTube. Retrieved June 16, 2015.. ... The result is the routine scheduling of Caesarian sections. Monoculture Anthropocene Center for PostNatural History Culture ... but doing so with the next level of technology than used in previous methods such as those mentioned in the above sections. ...
Management focuses on quick delivery, usually by cesarean section. Filling the bladder or pushing up the baby by hand is ...
... and cesarean section varies between private and public hospitals. A study of women in Delhi found that the cesarean rate in ... The cesarean section rate in India was 8.2 percent in 2008, which is below the WHO's recommended 10-15 percent. However, this ... Only 8 percent of births resulted in a cesarean section. 48 percent of women went to their postnatal visits 2 days after their ... After the placenta is delivered, the cord is cut and an herbal oil, face powder, or ash mixture is rubbed on the cut section. ...
Balki, M.; Carvalho, J.C.A. (July 2005). "Intraoperative nausea and vomiting during cesarean section under regional anesthesia ... since 2004 the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends that spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section is ... In the United States Morphine is used for cesareans for the same purpose since diamorphine (heroin) is not used in clinical ... birth and delivery Urology cases Examinations under anaesthesia Spinal anaesthesia is the technique of choice for Caesarean section ...
Lower segment Caesarean section Vitale, Salvatore Giovanni; Marilli, Ilaria; Cignini, Pietro; Padula, Francesco; D'Emidio, ... "Comparison between modified Misgav-Ladach and Pfannenstien-Kerr techniques for Cesarean section: review of literature". Journal ... It is used for gynecologic and orthopedics surgeries, and it is the most common method for performing Caesarian sections today ...
He was an early advocate of Caesarean section. He gave his medical library and collection to the hospital in 1853, with £1,000 ...
It is a temporary measure until a cesarean section can be performed. People with hypotension (low blood pressure) have ...
The abdominal Caesarean section), Wiesbaden (1915). Kurzes Lehrbuch der Gynäkologie (Short textbook of gynecology), Jena (9th ...
Nerum H, Halvorsen L, Sørile T, Øian P (2006) Maternal request for Cesarean section due to fear of birth: can it be changed ... There are more than 20 descriptions of auto-Caesarean section. In a few cases the apparent motive has been the destruction of ... name="Cambridge 2017, p114." Szabo A, Brockington I F (2014) Auto-Caesarean section: a review of 22 cases. Archives of Women's ... Elective Caesarean section is one solution, but psychotherapy can also help these women to give birth vaginally. Factitious ...
They were born by Caesarean section, all within six minutes. They are the world's first known set of surviving septuplets. Two ...
Obviously a cesarean section should be performed before the baby has died, but even when the baby has died or impaction has ... Thus the caesarean section is ideally performed before the membranes break. The delivery of the second twin in a transverse lie ... A shoulder presentation is an indication for a caesarean section. Generally, as it is diagnosed early, the baby is not damaged ... it usually cannot be expected to be delivered successfully with a shoulder presentation unless a cesarean section (C/S) is ...
During childbirth (unless by Cesarean section) the fetus passes through the maternal pelvic opening. Hip fractures often affect ... Each hip bone consists of 3 sections, ilium, ischium, and pubis. During childhood, these sections are separate bones, joined by ... The gap enclosed by the bony pelvis, called the pelvic cavity, is the section of the body underneath the abdomen and mainly ... Section of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. 32 (1): 1-30. doi:10.1177/ ...
Since she was showing signs of distress, we conducted an emergency cesarean section delivery." The Indian Council for Medical ...
"Factors Associated with Successful Trial of Labor after Cesarean Section: A Retrospective Cohort Study". Journal of Pregnancy. ... "Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery - Deciding on a Trial of Labor After Cesarean Delivery - ACOG". www.acog.org. Retrieved ... a cesarean delivery is performed. "Trial of Labor , Pregnancy & Birth". pathwaystofamilywellness.org. Retrieved 2019-02-22. ...
Caesarean Section[edit]. Women are less likely to start breastfeeding after caesarean delivery compared with vaginal delivery.[ ... Zhao, Jian; Zhao, Yun; Du, Mengran; Binns, Colin W.; Lee, Andy H. (10 October 2017). "Does Caesarean Section Affect ... "Breastfeeding After Cesarean Birth". La Leche League International. Retrieved 22 March 2018.. ... Current research strongly supports immediate skin-to-skin mother-baby contact even if the baby is born by Cesarean surgery. The ...
Caesarean section for the delivery of the second baby in these circumstances is an increasingly common alternative approach but ... In modern medicine, abnormal lies are increasingly delivered via Caesarean section. According to Gabbe, "There is no place for ...
... is a skin incision used for Caesarean section. It is a straight incision that is 3 cm below the line ... "Which Transverse Incisions Are Best for Cesarean Deliveries?". Physician Practise. UBM Medica. Retrieved 17 December 2016. CS1 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wessam, Abuelghar (2013). "Caesarean deliveries by Pfannenstiel versus Joel-Cohen ...
"Comparison between modified Misgav-Ladach and Pfannenstiel-Kerr techniques for Cesarean section: review of literature". Journal ... It is commonly used in Caesarian section and for abdominal hysterectomy for benign disease. In the classic Pfannenstiel ... A variation of Pfannenstiel incision is the Maylard incision in which the rectus abdominis muscles are sectioned transversally ... "Pfannenstiel versus Maylard incision for cesarean delivery: A randomized controlled trial". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 99 (5 Pt ...
In the medical model of pregnancy, Caesarean section is performed should complications arise. However, the rate of C-sections ... "private cases have a 5.83 higher chance of primary cesarean section than non-private cases" because "physicians feel obliged to ... Implications of private practice in public hospitals on the cesarean section rate in Thailand. International Journal for Human ... "C-section rates around globe at 'epidemic' levels". NBC News. Associated Press. January 12, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2020. " ...
It may be an alternative to a forceps delivery and caesarean section. It cannot be used when the baby is in the breech position ... There is a higher risk of failure to deliver the baby than forceps, and an increased likelihood of needing a Caesarean section ... If the ventouse attempt fails, it may be necessary to deliver the infant by forceps or caesarean section. In 1849 the Edinburgh ... There is less potential for maternal trauma compared to forceps and caesarean section. The baby will be left with a temporary ...
On October 29, 2020, California Uriburu Zámolo was born by Caesarean section. Sofía Zámolo started working as an advertising ...
Despite better facilities, many things could not be done including cesarean sections. As a consequence, information morality ...
The abruption was so serious Billy had to be born by caesarean section. His first 24 hours alive were critical, and Todd was ... Sarah later gave birth to Harry in March by caesarean section, like Billy. Francesca "Frankie" Fraser (previously Baldwin) was ...
As soon as Amber's waters broke, Tanya demanded a Cesarean section immediately while Conrad was in Spain. Certain she was ...
On 31 March 2006, a healthy HIV negative baby boy was born to them via Cesarean section. Dhawale is a staunch supporter of the ...
How to use cesarean section in a sentence. ... Cesarean section definition is - a surgical procedure involving ... Share cesarean section Post the Definition of cesarean section to Facebook Share the Definition of cesarean section on Twitter ... Encyclopedia article about cesarean section. Comments on cesarean section What made you want to look up cesarean section? ... Dictionary Entries near cesarean section. Cervulus Cervus cesarean cesarean section cesarevich cesarolite Cesena ...
Cesarean section without obstetric indication should be reconsidered to lower the cesarean section rate. ... The increasing cesarean section rate was due to rising of elective cesarean section or patients request. ... The increasing cesarean section rate was due to rising of elective cesarean section or patients request. Cesarean section ... the major indication was previous cesarean section (29%). Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), and elective cesarean section were ...
Caesarean section and gastrointestinal symptoms, atopic dermatitis, and sensitisation during the first year of life. Arch Dis ... Asthma at 8 years of age in children born by caesarean section. Thorax 2009;64:107-13. ... Roduit et al1 showed that children born by caesarean section have a higher risk of asthma than those born by vaginal delivery. ... 3 4 5 and babies born by caesarean section probably have relatively high values.. ...
The global numbers and costs of additionally needed and unnecessary caesarean sections performed per year: overuse as a barrier ... The global numbers and costs of additionally needed and unnecessary caesarean sections performed per year: overuse as a barrier ... DEFINITION: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000). ... Some cesarean sections are planned ahead of time. Reasons for this include:. ,ul,,li,A baby in any position that is not head- ...
We set out to estimate the proportion of births by caesarean section (CS) at national, regional and global levels, describe ... Rates of caesarean section are of concern in both developed and developing countries. ... Rates of caesarean section: analysis of global, regional and national estimates Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2007 Mar;21(2):98- ... Rates of caesarean section are of concern in both developed and developing countries. We set out to estimate the proportion of ...
Why Has The USAs Cesarean Section Rate Climbed So High? Answers to Questions from People Who Know at Ask Experience Project. ...
Cesarean Sections Are Overused in New York, Giving the State One of Highest C-Section Rates in the Country. ... Cesarean Sections Are Overused in New York, Giving the State One of Highest C-Section Rates in the Country ... WASHINGTON, D.C. - Nearly a third of cesarean sections in New York state may be performed unnecessarily, and rates of the ... "Perhaps the most important step in turning cesarean section rates around is embracing a philosophy that defines a successful ...
Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.[2] A ... Global rates of caesarean section rates are increasing.[22] In the United Kingdom, in 2008, the Caesarean section rate was 24%. ... In rare cases, caesarean sections can be used to remove a dead fetus. A late-term abortion using Caesarean section procedures ... Elective repeat Caesarean section (ERCS). Both have higher risks than a vaginal birth with no previous caesarean section. There ...
C-section), surgery to deliver a baby through the mothers abdomen. It is done when a vaginal birth is not safe. ... Cesarean Sections (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish * Delivery by Cesarean Section (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in ... Cesarean section (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Cesarean Section: Recovering After Surgery (March of Dimes Birth ... A Cesarean section (C-section) is surgery to deliver a baby. The baby is taken out through the mothers abdomen. In the United ...
Health Information on Cesarean Section: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Cesarean Section: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Cesárea: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Your Recovery After Cesarean Birth - 简体中文 (Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)) Bilingual PDF ... Your Recovery After Cesarean Birth - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) Bilingual PDF ...
cesarean section cesarean section. cesarean section sĭzâr´ēən [key], delivery of an infant by surgical removal from the uterus ... Cesarean section is performed nowadays when factors exist that make natural childbirth hazardous, such as an abnormally narrow ... In the last few decades there has been a significant increase in the number of cesarean sections performed among the factors ... Subsequent deliveries are largely also by cesarean section. ...
In the USA, about a third of all mothers deliver their babies via a C-section. ... often called a C-section, is a surgery performed to deliver a baby. ... A Cesarean section, often called a C-section, is a surgery performed to deliver a baby. In the USA, about a third of all ... mothers deliver their babies via a C-section.. Cesarean section operation in process. Image Credit: Elis Blanca / Shutterstock ...
Yet, the early history of cesarean section remains shrouded in myth and is of dubious accuracy. Even the origin of "cesarean" ... "section" replaced "operation.". One of the earliest printed illustrations of Cesarean section. Purportedly the birth of Julius ... Cesarean section has been part of human culture since ancient times and there are tales in both Western and non-Western ... The history of cesarean section can be understood best in the broader context of the history of childbirth and general medicine ...
Cesarean delivery is defined as the delivery of a fetus through surgical incisions made through the abdominal wall (laparotomy ... encoded search term (What is cesarean delivery (C-section)?) and What is cesarean delivery (C-section)? What to Read Next on ... cesarean on the interval time between first cesarean section and the next pregnancy and significant adhesion at second cesarean ... What is cesarean delivery (C-section)?. Updated: Dec 14, 2018 * Author: Hedwige Saint Louis, MD, MPH, FACOG; Chief Editor: ...
International Cesarean Awareness Network The International Cesarean Awareness Network (ICAN), founded in 1982, is a network of ... ICAN has developed an educational program on cesarean prevention and vaginal birth after cesarean. ICAN is supported by ... ICAN provides current information on cesarean prevention and vaginal birth after cesarean. Chapters are active across the ... It aims to reduce the rate of cesarean deliveries, to provide a forum for discussion, and to provide a support network for ...
... at least half of all deliveries are C-sections. Growing popularity is often a sign of something new. But the C-section is ... More and more women are giving birth by cesarean section, not just in the U.S. but also abroad: In some Brazilian cities, ... More and more women are giving birth by cesarean section, not just in the U.S. but also abroad: In some Brazilian cities, at ... But C-sections didnt fade as rickets had. Accounting for a very small percent of deliveries for much of the 20th century, by ...
... Jonathan Gruber, Maria Owings. NBER Working Paper No. 4933. ... w6744 Physician Fees and Procedure Intensity: The Case of Cesarean Delivery. Barro and Beaulieu. w10017 Selection and ... cesarean delivery. Using a nationally representative micro-data set for this period, we show that there is a strong correlation ... between within state declines in fertility and within state increases in cesarean utilization. This correlation is robust to ...
Cesarean Section. About Cesarean section. Nomenclature: Cesarean section, Classical Cesarean section, Lower Segment Cesarean ... 2. Why do they call it a cesarean section?. The procedure is known as a cesarean section as it is thought that the Roman ... Health tips for Smooth Recovery after Cesarean Section. Here are a few tips to help you recover after a cesarean section:. * ... Elective Cesarean Section (Planned C-Section): The Cesarean is planned and done on a specific date chosen by the patient and ...
... also called c-section, refers to the delivery of a baby by means of a surgical procedure carried out in the operation theatre. ... A cesarean section may be decided upon in the following cases:. *If the mother has already had a cesarean delivery before. *If ... Cesarean section, also called c-section, refers to the delivery of a baby by means of a surgical procedure carried out in the ... A cesarean delivery may also be required in the following emergencies:. *If labor does not progress normally. *If the baby does ...
... , C-Section, Cesarean Section Postoperative Management, C-Section Postoperative Management. ... C Section (OB), C-Section (OB), C-Sections (OB), Caesarean Sections, Caesarean Section, Cesarean section, Cesarean section and ... Caesarean section, CS - Cesarean section, Caesarean section, Cesarean section (procedure), Cesarean section, NOS, Caesarean ... C-Section, C section, caesarian section, cesarean section, cesarean section (treatment), C-section, caesarean section (C- ...
... , C-Section, Cesarean Section Postoperative Management, C-Section Postoperative Management. ... C Section (OB), C-Section (OB), C-Sections (OB), Caesarean Sections, Caesarean Section, Cesarean section, Cesarean section and ... Caesarean section, CS - Cesarean section, Caesarean section, Cesarean section (procedure), Cesarean section, NOS, Caesarean ... Cesarean Section. Cesarean Section Aka: Cesarean Section, C-Section, Cesarean Section Postoperative Management, C-Section ...
Cesarean Sections (C-Sections). Every pregnant woman hopes for a short labor and delivery with no complications - manageable ... Some babies need to be delivered via cesarean section (C-section).. Even if youre hoping for a traditional vaginal birth, it ... Why Are C-Sections Needed?. Scheduled C-Sections. Some C-sections are scheduled if the doctor knows that a vaginal birth would ... Emergency C-Sections. Some C-sections are unexpected emergency deliveries done when complications arise with the mother and/or ...
A C-section can be part of the original birth plans but can also be necessary if complications arise. Read on to learn more ... or C-section - is the surgical delivery of a baby. It involves one incision in the mothers abdomen and another in the uterus. ... about whether a C-section is right for you. ... A cesarean delivery - also known as a C-section or cesarean ... A post-cesarean wound infection is an infection that occurs after a C-section, which is also referred to as an abdominal or ...
Lower Segment Caesarean Section. Br Med J 1936; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.3928.792 (Published 18 April 1936) Cite ...
Successful Cesarean section performed by indigenous healers in Kahura, Uganda. As observed by R. W. Felkin in 1879 from his ... In Western society women for the most part were barred from carrying out cesarean sections until the late nineteenth century, ... In 1879, for example, one British traveller, R.W. Felkin, witnessed cesarean section performed by Ugandans. The healer used ... The first recorded successful cesarean in the British Empire, however, was conducted by a woman. Sometime between 1815 and 1821 ...
Should a cesarean be necessary, a doula can help facilitate the methods of a natural cesarean. Lastly, although cesareans most ... Cesarean Inter-Section. by Terah R. Lara , September 1, 2013 Editors note: This article first appeared in Midwifery Today. , ... The Essential C-Section Guide. recommends that clients seek support from family and friends who have also experienced cesareans ... Cesarean section is the most commonly performed surgical procedure among women in the US (Trimble 2009). The World Health ...
A cesarean section, also called a C-section, is surgery to deliver a baby through the abdomen. Its used when it is impossible ... In some cases, cesarean delivery is clearly appropriate. The use of C-sections sections in these circumstances has made ... thats another case when a C-section would be recommended. In some women with HIV, for example, cesarean delivery may be ... A C-section may be done for reasons related to the mothers or the babys health, or conditions related to the pregnancy or ...
Babies delivered by C-section were 64 per cent more likely to grow up to be obese than were their brothers and sisters ... Cesarean Section C-Section Birth Mother and Newborn. Credit:Getty Images. In their initial calculations, the researchers found ... Babies delivered via cesarean section were 15 per cent more likely to be obese as kids, teens and young adults than were babies ... than C-section babies. Some scientists believe this birth canal bacteria is so valuable that theyve swabbed C-section newborns ...
... arrives via c-section. Find out what to expect during a planned c-section and an emergency c-section. ... What Happens During a C-Section?. Articles OnCesarean Section (C-Section). Cesarean Section (C-Section) Cesarean Section (C- ... Next In Cesarean Section (C-Section). Why You Might Have a C-Section ... Vaginal Birth After a C-Section? When youre ready to have your baby, will you have to deliver via cesarean section? Its hard ...
Further investigation continues to evaluate which patients should undergo a trial of labor after having a cesarean delivery. ... Finally, more research evaluating the link between cesarean birth and obesity (in those born by cesarean section) will be ... cesarean on the interval time between first cesarean section and the next pregnancy and significant adhesion at second cesarean ... C-section)?) and What are the current controversies surrounding cesarean delivery (C-section)? What to Read Next on Medscape. ...
A cesarean birth can sometimes be safer than vaginal birth. ... A cesarean section is the delivery of a baby through an ... Why is a cesarean section performed? Your doctor may recommend a C-section if it is the safest method of delivery for you, your ... Who performs a cesarean section?. An obstetrician-gynecologist (Ob/Gyn) performs C-sections. An obstetrician-gynecologist is a ... How is a cesarean section performed?. Your C-section will be performed in a hospital. It is an open surgery involving an ...
Cesarean sections are often performed when a baby is going to be born early. Likewise, sometimes labor is induced when a woman& ... Cesarean section, induced labor not always best choice, studies say. Shari Roan, Los Angeles Times / For the Booster Shots blog ... Cesarean sections are often performed when a baby is going to be born early. Likewise, sometimes labor is induced when a ... Although in many instances, a C-section is medically necessary for the health of the baby or the mother, this research shows ...
Spinal Anaesthesia for Caesarean Section. Br Med J 1949; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.4598.323 (Published 19 February ...
The rates of cesarean section have significantly increased worldwide over the past three decades. The choice of anesthetic ... Armstrong S. (2017) Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Section. In: Capogna G. (eds) Anesthesia for Cesarean Section. Springer, ... Cesarean Section Cesarean Delivery Spinal Anesthesia Intrathecal Morphine Continuous Spinal Anesthesia These keywords were ... Garry M, Davies S. Failure of regional blockade for caesarean section. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2002;11(1):9-12.PubMedCrossRef ...
... babies are born via Cesarean section. Even if you dont have a scheduled C-section, you should know what to expect if your ... Cesarean Section (C-Section). Our team will involve you in the decision to have a C-section, prepare you for the procedure and ... A Cesarean birth, most often called a Cesarean section or C-section, is the delivery of your baby through an incision in your ... Why Do I Need a C-Section?. Your doctor will recommend a C-section if its a safer delivery for you, your baby or both. Doctors ...
... many women are having c-sections rather than vaginal births and get the answers to your questions about how a cesarean section ... C section within 12 months of each other May 27 5:22pm. by Mumof3BBG 11 ... Please does anyone know Can I opt to C section in Canada Apr 19 1:06pm. by Dizzylizzy2018 14 ... OB GYN who agree to perform elective C section in Toronto Apr 24 10:43am. by Dizzylizzy2018 1 ...
  • Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), and elective cesarean section were second, and third most common indication (24.64%, 11.23%) respectively. (nih.gov)
  • The increasing cesarean section rate was due to rising of elective cesarean section or patient's request. (nih.gov)
  • A caesarean section may be planned in advance as "elective" surgery. (drmetawa.com.au)
  • Called Frida Mom, the line includes soothing items like instant ice maxi pads, healing foam (as opposed to spray), witch hazel cooling pad liners, mesh underwear for vaginal and cesarean section deliveries and more. (merriam-webster.com)
  • It is computed by dividing the number of caesarian section deliveries by the total number of live births. (nationmaster.com)
  • In the past 40 years, the rate of cesarean deliveries has jumped from about 1 out of 20 births to about 1 out of 3 births. (unclenoir.org)
  • Sometimes cesarean deliveries are planned early in the pregnancy, but they're most often performed when complications arise during labor. (merillife.com)
  • Is there a way to tell the direction of an internal cesarean scar when you no longer have access to the original medical records? (askthedoctor.com)
  • You had a C-section before, and you have the same problems this time or your doctor thinks labor might cause your scar to tear (uterine rupture). (unclenoir.org)
  • If she gets pregnant again, a woman with a C-section scar has a small risk of the scar tearing open during labor (uterine rupture). (unclenoir.org)
  • Cesarean section without obstetric indication should be reconsidered to lower the cesarean section rate. (nih.gov)
  • A crash Caesarean section is a Caesarean performed in an obstetric emergency, where complications of pregnancy onset suddenly during the process of labour, and swift action is required to prevent the deaths of mother, child(ren) or both. (blogspot.com)
  • The conclusions were as follows: caesarian section, which remains the best means of preventing obstetric trauma, has its own direct complications which are linked to the conditions in which the operation takes place. (meta.org)
  • A cesarean delivery is typically performed when complications from pregnancy make traditional vaginal birth difficult, or put the mother or child at risk. (merillife.com)
  • Your doctor will also be able to determine if you or your baby are showing any signs of complications that would require a cesarean delivery. (merillife.com)
  • If you and your doctor decide that a cesarean delivery is the best option for you, your doctor will give you complete instructions about what you can do to lower your risk of complications and have a successful cesarean delivery. (merillife.com)
  • Blood transfusions are rarely needed during a cesarean delivery, but your doctor will be prepared for any complications. (merillife.com)
  • If you have had a previous C-section, ask your doctor if VBAC might be an option this time. (unclenoir.org)
  • Associations of C-section with maternal (age, education level, parity, pre-pregnancy weight, diabetes, smoking, weight gain during pregnancy) and child characteristics (gestational age, birth weight) were examined by Fisher exact test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Effect of Primary Cesarean Section Prevention on Maternal and Neonatal. (trialbulletin.com)
  • The study aimed to examine the effect of prolonging the second stage of labor on the rate of Cesarean section (CS), maternal and neonatal outcomes. (trialbulletin.com)
  • a surgical procedure involving incision of the walls of the abdomen and uterus for delivery of offspring Even a history of multiple cesarean sections need not exclude a pregnant woman from attempting a vaginal delivery, new research indicates. (merriam-webster.com)
  • In their detailed analysis of almost 3000 children followed from birth until the age of 8 years, Roduit et al 1 showed that children born by caesarean section have a higher risk of asthma than those born by vaginal delivery. (bmj.com)
  • This hypothesis is supported by studies showing that immunological parameters in cord blood are different between children born by vaginal delivery and those born by caesarean section. (bmj.com)
  • Caesarean section is the surgical delivery of a baby through the abdomen rather than the birth canal. (dhammawiki.com)
  • A cesarean delivery, also known as a C-section or cesarean section is the surgical delivery of a baby. (merillife.com)
  • A cesarean delivery is becoming a more common delivery type worldwide, but it's still a major surgery that carries risks for both mother and child. (merillife.com)
  • This will include blood tests and other examinations to determine your health for the possibility of a cesarean delivery. (merillife.com)
  • Even if you aren't planning to have a cesarean delivery, you should always be prepared for the unexpected. (merillife.com)
  • At prenatal appointments with your doctor, discuss your risk factors for a cesarean delivery and what you can do to lower them. (merillife.com)
  • Make sure all of your questions are answered, and that you understand what could happen if you need to have an emergency cesarean delivery before your due date. (merillife.com)
  • Because a cesarean delivery takes additional time to recover than normal birth, arranging to have an extra set of hands around the house will be helpful. (merillife.com)
  • A caesarean section is needed when delivery through the birth canal (vagina) is not possible or when vaginal delivery would pose a danger to the mother or baby. (drmetawa.com.au)
  • So even if you plan on a vaginal birth, it's a good idea to learn about C-section, in case the unexpected happens. (unclenoir.org)
  • In some cases, a woman who had a C-section in the past may be able to deliver her next baby through the birth canal. (unclenoir.org)
  • About one birth in every four in Australia is by caesarean section, and that rate appears to be increasing. (drmetawa.com.au)
  • The mother had a previous caesarean section, and it is likely that attempting a vaginal birth will result in the same out-come that led to the previous caesarean. (drmetawa.com.au)
  • Births by caesarean section. (nationmaster.com)
  • The rate of births by caesarian section is used as a health service coverage indicator. (nationmaster.com)
  • Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000). (nationmaster.com)
  • We set out to estimate the proportion of births by caesarean section (CS) at national, regional and global levels, describe regional and subregional patterns and correlate rates with other reproductive health indicators. (nih.gov)
  • To present the indications associated with the increase in cesarean section rate at Thammasat University Hospital during the past three years. (nih.gov)
  • The most common indications for caesarian section include fetal distress, malpresentation, failure to progress in labor, and previous caesarian section. (nationmaster.com)
  • Pregnant women who underwent cesarean section between January 2003 and December 2005 at Thammasat University Hospital were recruited for the present study. (nih.gov)
  • The Joint Commission, a private accreditation group that sets safety standards for thousands of hospitals, makes hospitals track cesarean section rates. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Public Citizen's report and an accompanying Web site break down the data by county and hospital, so patients can see how high C-section rates are for their local hospital in comparison to other local hospitals. (citizen.org)
  • Until the introduction of aseptic surgery in the 19th century, 75% of women undergoing caesarean sections died. (dhammawiki.com)
  • Most women go home 3 to 5 days after a C-section, but it may take 4 weeks or longer to fully recover. (unclenoir.org)
  • There is a growing epidemic of C-sections in the United States, where the 2007 national rate of 31.8 percent was the highest it has ever been," said Dr. Sidney Wolfe, director of Public Citizen's Health Research Group. (citizen.org)
  • Another important aspect is the fertility rate in subsequent oestrous after caesarean section. (bmj.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality and survival rate of bitches during caesarean section. (bmj.com)
  • The overall mortality rate was 3.11 per cent, with 2.59 per cent during or after a conservative caesarean section and 4.19 per cent during or after caesarean section with ovariohysterectomy. (bmj.com)
  • The fertility rate after caesarean section was 100 per cent. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion The results show a high mortality rate during and after caesarean section. (bmj.com)
  • CBS News , "Pregnant mother of five shot and killed but fetus survives," 3 Feb. 2020 An emergency cesarean section was performed, and Soriano's son, Walter, was transferred to a children's hospital in New York City while his mother remained in the intensive care unit. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The global numbers and costs of additionally needed and unnecessary caesarean sections performed per year: overuse as a barrier to universal coverage. (nationmaster.com)
  • The reported death and survival rates for caesarean sections vary widely. (bmj.com)
  • Additionally, the fertility of bitches after caesarean sections was determined. (bmj.com)
  • Methods Caesarean sections which were performed in the years 1997-2009 at two university clinics were evaluated retrospectively. (bmj.com)
  • Results A total of 482 caesarean sections were included in the study. (bmj.com)
  • Further studies are needed to investigate possible reduction of litter sizes and the suitability of caesarean section in subsequent pregnancies. (bmj.com)
  • Because of the risks, experts feel that C-section should only be done for medical reasons. (unclenoir.org)
  • What are the risks of C-section? (unclenoir.org)
  • Recent Examples on the Web Mothers believed to have the coronavirus are treated as if positive until tested, and everyone wears surgical masks during labor, then dons N95 masks for pushing or cesarean section , says Dr. Yuan-Da Fan, chairman of obstetrics and gynecology. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Hallie Levine, New York Times , "What Parents Need to Know About Coronavirus," 17 Mar. 2020 But labor was progressing slowly, and doctors decided to perform a cesarean section . (merriam-webster.com)
  • In most cases, doctors do cesarean sections because of problems that arise during labor. (unclenoir.org)
  • WASHINGTON, D.C. - Nearly a third of cesarean sections in New York state may be performed unnecessarily, and rates of the procedure there are among the highest of states in the country, according to a Public Citizen report released today. (citizen.org)
  • A Caesarean section , also known as C-section or Caesar, is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. (blogspot.com)
  • We estimate that one-third of cesareans are unnecessary, nationally and in New York. (citizen.org)
  • Unnecessary cesareans mean that the health of mothers and their babies are being needlessly jeopardized because mothers go under the knife instead of delivering vaginally. (citizen.org)
  • A Caesarean hysterectomy consists of a Caesarean section followed by the removal of the uterus. (blogspot.com)
  • a repeat Caesarean section is done when a patient had a previous Caesarean section. (blogspot.com)
  • Rates of caesarean section are of concern in both developed and developing countries. (nih.gov)
  • Within New York state, rates of C-sections performed vary widely. (citizen.org)
  • Maverick arrived almost a month early, Graf shared on Instagram, and her arrival was not without some drama - the new mom was forced to undergo an emergency cesarean section after suffering extremely high blood pressure. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Doctors were able to deliver her baby via an emergency cesarean section , police said. (merriam-webster.com)
  • 3 weeks ago I lost my son and got an emergency c-section and they ended up cutting in inch below my belly button down anyways I just went to the doctors today and it looked swollen but they said it. (askthedoctor.com)
  • An emergency Caesarean section is a Caesarean performed once labour has commenced. (blogspot.com)
  • Results: Of 6087 analyzed singletons, 1600 (26%) were born by C-section (Germany 38%, United States 37%, Finland 18%, Sweden 16%), and the remaining were born vaginally without instrumental support;979 (16%) had developed CDA and 343 (6%) developed CD. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Objective: Cesarean section (C-section) is associated with various immune-mediated diseases in the offspring. (uni-muenchen.de)