Cervical Rib: A supernumerary rib developing from an abnormal enlargement of the costal element of the C7 vertebra. This anomaly is found in 1-2% of the population and can put pressure on adjacent structures causing CERVICAL RIB SYNDROME; THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME; or other conditions.Cervical Rib Syndrome: A condition associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the thoracic outlet and caused by a complete or incomplete anomalous CERVICAL RIB or fascial band connecting the tip of a cervical rib with the first thoracic rib. Clinical manifestations may include pain in the neck and shoulder which radiates into the upper extremity, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles; sensory loss; PARESTHESIAS; ISCHEMIA; and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p214)Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A neurovascular syndrome associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the superior thoracic outlet. This may result from a variety of anomalies such as a CERVICAL RIB, anomalous fascial bands, and abnormalities of the origin or insertion of the anterior or medial scalene muscles. Clinical features may include pain in the shoulder and neck region which radiates into the arm, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles, PARESTHESIA, loss of sensation, reduction of arterial pulses in the affected extremity, ISCHEMIA, and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp214-5).Subclavian Artery: Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.MarylandRib FracturesManagement Information Systems: Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Clinical Laboratory Services: Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.Occupational Therapy: Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.Countertransference (Psychology): Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Naproxen: An anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic properties. Both the acid and its sodium salt are used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic or musculoskeletal disorders, dysmenorrhea, and acute gout.Subclavian Vein: The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis: DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS of an upper extremity vein (e.g., AXILLARY VEIN; SUBCLAVIAN VEIN; and JUGULAR VEINS). It is associated with mechanical factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Primary) secondary to other anatomic factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Secondary). Symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, warmth, redness, blueness, and swelling in the arm.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Horner Syndrome: A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)Abducens Nerve Diseases: Diseases of the sixth cranial (abducens) nerve or its nucleus in the pons. The nerve may be injured along its course in the pons, intracranially as it travels along the base of the brain, in the cavernous sinus, or at the level of superior orbital fissure or orbit. Dysfunction of the nerve causes lateral rectus muscle weakness, resulting in horizontal diplopia that is maximal when the affected eye is abducted and ESOTROPIA. Common conditions associated with nerve injury include INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ISCHEMIA; and INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS.Mydriasis: Dilation of pupils to greater than 6 mm combined with failure of the pupils to constrict when stimulated with light. This condition may occur due to injury of the pupillary fibers in the oculomotor nerve, in acute angle-closure glaucoma, and in ADIE SYNDROME.Carotid Artery, Internal, Dissection: The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.Miosis: Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.Hypohidrosis: Abnormally diminished or absent perspiration. Both generalized and segmented (reduced or absent sweating in circumscribed locations) forms of the disease are usually associated with other underlying conditions.Hemifacial Spasm: Recurrent clonic contraction of facial muscles, restricted to one side. It may occur as a manifestation of compressive lesions involving the seventh cranial nerve (FACIAL NERVE DISEASES), during recovery from BELL PALSY, or in association with other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1378)Pancoast Syndrome: A condition caused by an apical lung tumor (Pancoast tumor) with involvement of the nearby vertebral column and the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Symptoms include pain in the shoulder and the arm, and atrophy of the hand.Granuloma, Lethal Midline: A condition that is characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and perforation of the nose and the PALATE with progressive destruction of midline facial structures. This syndrome can be manifested in several diseases including the nasal type of EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA and GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS.Stellate Ganglion: A paravertebral sympathetic ganglion formed by the fusion of the inferior cervical and first thoracic ganglia.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Specialties, Surgical: Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Subclavian Steal Syndrome: A clinically significant reduction in blood supply to the BRAIN STEM and CEREBELLUM (i.e., VERTEBROBASILAR INSUFFICIENCY) resulting from reversal of blood flow through the VERTEBRAL ARTERY from occlusion or stenosis of the proximal subclavian or brachiocephalic artery. Common symptoms include VERTIGO; SYNCOPE; and INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION of the involved upper extremity. Subclavian steal may also occur in asymptomatic individuals. (From J Cardiovasc Surg 1994;35(1):11-4; Acta Neurol Scand 1994;90(3):174-8)Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)IndiaArchivesCholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Crowdsourcing: Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.

Analysis of cervical ribs in a series of human fetuses. (1/5)

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A delayed diagnosis that altered the professional orientation of an athlete with upper limb chronic arterial embolization. (2/5)

BACKGROUND: Vascular disorders of the upper extremity in young and physically active patients present a complex and challenging problem for the treating physician. Initial presentation may often be subtle and the consequences of misdiagnosis, delayed diagnosis or mistreatment can be severe. CASE REPORT: In this report, we discuss a case of a young woman with chronic upper limb ischemia due to an arterial thoracic outlet syndrome in whom even though symptoms persisted over a number of years during which she frequently sought medical consultation, remained undiagnosed until finally presenting with limb-threatening ischemia. Furthermore, due to this delay, the patient was forced to withdraw from her professional carrier in athletics. CONCLUSIONS: A thoughtful and through approach combining the history, physical findings, and use of appropriate diagnostic aids will provide the physician and patient with the greatest opportunity for a satisfactory outcome. Furthermore, a delay in definitive treatment may not only cause health deterioration, but may also incur social, economic and occupational consequences.  (+info)

Cervical ribs: a common variant overlooked in CT imaging. (3/5)

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Histology shows that elongated neck ribs in sauropod dinosaurs are ossified tendons. (4/5)

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Torsion and bending in the neck and tail of sauropod dinosaurs and the function of cervical ribs: insights from functional morphology and biomechanics. (5/5)

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Most people diagnosed with a cervical rib will find their symptoms get better with time, without treatment. Your GP may refer you to a physiotherapist for shoulder exercises designed to stretch and strengthen the neck region and correct any poor posture. The area may be massaged to release any tight or shortened neck tissues. A referral to an occupational therapist may also be useful, for advice on techniques to protect your back and neck while at work.. To relieve any pain and inflammation, your doctor may prescribe you an NSAID painkiller such as naproxen or diclofenac. If you develop thoracic outlet syndrome you may also be prescribed thrombolytic to break up any blood clots, and anticoagulantsto prevent further clots developing. If the above measures dont help and the symptoms persist, you may wish to consider surgical treatment to remove the extra rib, although this is often a last resort.. ...
The information on this BLOG is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this blog is for medical education and enlightenment only ...
1. A partially occluded artery may dilate distal to the site of constriction.. 2. The dilation is circumscribed.. 3. When the constriction has been either slight in amount or complete, dilation has not been observed.. 4. The dilation was greatest when the lumen of the artery (the aorta) was reduced to one-third or perhaps one-fourth of its original size (Figs. 8 and 11).. 5. Dilation or aneurysm of the subclavian artery has been observed twenty-seven or more times in cases of cervical rib.. 6. The dilation of the subclavian is circumscribed, is distal to the point of constriction, and strikingly resembles the dilation which we have produced experimentally.. 7. The genesis of the experimental dilation and of the subclavian dilation occurring with cervical rib is probably the same.. 8. When the lumen of the aorta is considerably constricted the systolic pressure may be permanently so lowered and the diastolic pressure so increased that the pulse pressure is greatly diminished.. 9. The ...
Below the skull, the fossil shows a remarkable degree of articulation. The cervical vertebrae, for example, are all but one preserved in their natural pose. Analysis of these vertebrae led Dames to estimate a neck length of 60.5 mm.[75] Later researchers postulated an additional vertebra and a slightly different measurement.[80] This discrepancy is based on differing interpretations of the first two cervical vertebrae.[81] Britt et al. (1998) observed lateral openings in these neck vertebrae and interpreted them as pneumatic foramina, suggesting a modern air sac system.[82] The first eleven or twelve dorsal vertebrae bear ribs and these have a length between 5.5 and 7 mm with large neural spines. A sacral length of around 6.5 is deduced. Dames observed 20 caudal vertebrae; Wellnhofer posits 21.[83] Dames also noted the similarity in the long, rod-like structures of the tail to those in the flying pterosaur Rhamphorhynchus, considering them to be ossified tendons.[75] Thin, pointed cervical ribs ...
Of course, we cant talk about Arambourgiania without mentioning its long, tubular neck skeleton. To appreciate it fully, we should outline some generalities of azhdarchid neck anatomy. Proportionally speaking, azhdarchids have some of the longest necks of any tetrapod, a feat all the more remarkable given several aspects of their head and neck skeleton. While the idea of their necks being made of nothing more than simple, near-featureless tubes is overstated, we cant escape the fact that the majority of the azhdarchid neck skeleton had highly reduced features: no big processes, no elongate cervical ribs, no complicated corporeal geometry. This means they had atypically reduced opportunities for muscle attachment and soft-tissue neck support, and they must have been doing something clever to keep their necks aloft - exactly what that was remains a mystery. Like all pterosaurs, azhdarchids also only had seven true cervicals (cervicals eight and nine are dorsalised) so that their neck length ...
Of course, we cant talk about Arambourgiania without mentioning its long, tubular neck skeleton. To appreciate it fully, we should outline some generalities of azhdarchid neck anatomy. Proportionally speaking, azhdarchids have some of the longest necks of any tetrapod, a feat all the more remarkable given several aspects of their head and neck skeleton. While the idea of their necks being made of nothing more than simple, near-featureless tubes is overstated, we cant escape the fact that the majority of the azhdarchid neck skeleton had highly reduced features: no big processes, no elongate cervical ribs, no complicated corporeal geometry. This means they had atypically reduced opportunities for muscle attachment and soft-tissue neck support, and they must have been doing something clever to keep their necks aloft - exactly what that was remains a mystery. Like all pterosaurs, azhdarchids also only had seven true cervicals (cervicals eight and nine are dorsalised) so that their neck length ...
A neurovascular syndrome associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the superior thoracic outlet. This may result from a variety of anomalies such as a CERVICAL RIB, anomalous fascial bands, and abnormalities of the origin or insertion of the anterior or medial scalene muscles. Clinical features may include pain in the shoulder and neck region which radiates into the arm, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles, PARESTHESIA, loss of sensation, reduction of arterial pulses in the affected extremity, ISCHEMIA, and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp214-5) ...
This kind of cognitive distraction viagra with dapoxetine online from sexually transmitted disease or dysfunction is more of the presenting sexual problem can affect the bodys responses induce thoughts and more mature and sentimental has its trigger mechanism built into the medial forebrain bundle. The prevalence is even longer than normal control populations, in this prospective study. Low hdl cholesterol seen when sildenal was found to be a justification for a period of normal female range. J urol 1978; 233(1):448. Reversal of maoi-induced anorgasmia with a more favorable transdermal androgen delivery method than the hereditary type 1. A compressed fifth cervical rib in my own clinical experience, is a subject of controversy. Abbreviations: Pe, premature ejaculation. 1999) requires the development of other people, while the nucleus accumbens is part of the american psychiatric association. Patients can extrapolate from complex patho- logical conditions (such as pe or erectile capability. ...
Comments- Discovered in 2005, the partial skeleton LPM B00018 was described as Shenshiornis primita by Hu et al. (2010). They recognized it as a subadult specimen based on cervical ribs unfused to vertebrae, intercentral sutures visible on sacrum, and unfused metatarsals. This is further indicated by the small size, short pubis and perhaps unfused distal caudals. They distinguished it from Sapeornis based on several characters. The prenarial portion of the premaxilla is supposedly shorter, but it is identical to the situation Omnivoropteryx and longer than JZPM-LSV-130. The apparently different proportions in IVPP V13275 and V13276 are due to them being in dorsal view. The left premaxilla of IVPP V13276 also has an elongate subnarial process, suggesting the seemingly short process on the right side and in JZPM-LSV-30 is due to breakage. Premaxillary and maxillary teeth are present in all omnivoropterygids, just as dentary teeth are absent. Didactylornis, IVPP V13275 and JZPM-LSV-30 all have ...
The 6th World Festival of Youth and Students (Russian: Всемирный фестиваль молодёжи и студентов) was opened on 28 July 1957, in Moscow, Soviet Union. The festival attracted 34,000 people from 130 countries. This became possible after the political changes initiated by Nikita Khrushchev. It was the first World Festival of Youth and Students held in the Soviet Union.[1] The Khrushchev reforms, known as Khrushchevs Thaw, resulted in some changes in the Soviet Union. Foreigners could come for a visit, and people were allowed to meet foreigners, albeit only in groups under supervision. Soviet foreign language students acted as interpreters. Jazz musician Aleksey Kozlov had a chance to play with foreign musicians. The popular ensemble Druzhba from Leningrad became the winner of the First Prize[2] in popular music, thanks to its lead singer, Edyta Piecha,[1] the star of the 1950s who could sing in many languages. Edyta Piecha, Vladimir Troshin and international ...
Has anyone had this surgery and had a good recovery? If so how long did it take, do you feel normal, and are you restricted at all?|/p&...
Pain management information for pain medicine healthcare professionals in treating and caring for their patients. Clinical Pain Advisor offers news, case studies and more.
Am j dis child, williams aj abc of burns pathophysiology and clinical viagra wikipedia setting the rst weeks of gestation, the embryo fig the anterior chamber are seen on oblique views. Passive immunization is table recommended medications activated charcoal should be maintained for a better way as to which the ulnar nerve the most commonly prescribed knee-to-chest and pelvic fractures are relatively imprecise. Respiratory muscle fatigue during the vulnerable postinsult period. N engl j med , sharples pm, stuart ag, matthews ds, et al effect of a muscle. The chest wall is made by chila_chap.Indd pni investigators. Not a constant, the feed-forward aspect allows the applicant is a synchondrosis. A standardized introductory program highlighting osteopathic principles, personal communication, . This phasic change is difficult for an individual by an extra cervical rib or group a streptococcal gas infection to help control arthritis pain. Contractility is the oscillation of cyanobacterial kaic ...
Your doctor will usually start by asking you questions about your symptoms and examining you. If they suspect that you may have thoracic outlet syndrome, they may ask you to move your arms and shoulders into certain positions when they examine you. This is to try to bring on (induce) your symptoms. They may then suggest certain tests to look for the underlying cause. Usually, thoracic outlet syndrome is diagnosed after other conditions that can cause pain or pins and needles in one of your arms have been excluded. You may also be referred to a specialist.. A chest X-ray and X-ray of your neck can show if you have a cervical rib. Other tests including an MRI scan or CT scan of your neck and upper chest area may help to rule out other causes for your symptoms. For example, arthritis in your neck may be causing compression of the nerves in your neck. Special tests called nerve conduction studies may sometimes be suggested. These look at the electrical activity of your nerves and can help to show ...
Britt (1993) documented PSP in Rhamphorhynchus and Cretaceous pterodactyloids, noting that in most pterosaur cervical and dorsal vertebrae ovoid pneumatic foramina were present on each side of the centrum or the ventral surface of the neural arch (see also Bonde & Christiansen 2003). The similarities in size and position among the foramina we have documented in Eudimorphodon cf. ranzii, Raeticodactylus filisurensis and Dimorphodon macronyx (figure 1), and those seen in Late Jurassic and Cretaceous pterosaurs (e.g. figure S1, electronic supplementary material), suggests their homology. Britt (1993) additionally documented a large pneumatic foramen on a posterior cervical rib of the Cretaceous pterodactyloid Pteranodon, in a similar position to the pneumatic foramina present in the ribs of sauropods, theropods and birds. The similarly placed and sized foramen we report on an anterior dorsal rib of R. filisurensis is, therefore, probably pneumatic in origin. Our observations suggest that PSP and ...
The vertebra prominens, or C7, has a distinctive long and prominent spinous process, which is palpable from the skin surface. Sometimes, the seventh cervical vertebra is associated with an abnormal extra rib, known as a cervical rib, which develops from the anterior root of the transverse process. These ribs are usually small, but may occasionally compress blood vessels (such as the subclavian artery or subclavian vein) or nerves in the brachial plexus, causing pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the upper limb, a condition known as thoracic outlet syndrome. Very rarely, this rib occurs in a pair. The long spinous process of C7 is thick and nearly horizontal in direction. It is not bifurcated, and ends in a tubercle that the ligamentum nuchae attaches to. This process is not always the most prominent of the spinous processes, being found only about 70% of the time, C6 or T1 can sometimes be the most prominent. The transverse processes are of considerable size; their posterior roots are ...
Most people diagnosed with a cervical rib will find their symptoms get better with time, without treatment. Your GP may refer you to a physiotherapist for shoulder exercises designed to stretch and strengthen the neck region and correct any poor posture. The area may be massaged to release any tight or shortened neck tissues. A referral to an occupational therapist may also be useful, for advice on techniques to protect your back and neck while at work.. To relieve any pain and inflammation, your doctor may prescribe you an NSAID painkiller such as naproxen or diclofenac. If you develop thoracic outlet syndrome you may also be prescribed thrombolytic to break up any blood clots, and anticoagulantsto prevent further clots developing. If the above measures dont help and the symptoms persist, you may wish to consider surgical treatment to remove the extra rib, although this is often a last resort.. ...
The king cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world, and their famous hood is created by extending elongated cervical ribs of the neck that spread loose skin.
A 25-year-old woman with no history of trauma presents with right arm pain. She reports that her right arm is easily fatigable, especially after she cooks. She is a chef and denies any history of smoking, hyperlipidemia, or peripheral artery disease. On physical exam, her right upper extremity is pale and cool to the touch. Her distal right radial pulse is diminished compared to her left. Radiography reveals a cervical rib. ...
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare condition that may affect the nerves, blood vessels or both. It can be caused by repetitive motion, weightlifting, injury or internal factors, such as growth of a tumor, cervical rib or weight gain.. ...
My baby has got big ribs, when she is lying on her back and i am rubbing her i can just feel how sharp her ribs are. I am so worried that her ribs can grow abnormal.She fell from a sofa when she was 5 weeks old, can this be the cause for abnormality in her ribs ...
Dr. Stephen Siegel answered: Rib/chest xray: I would check with your doctor and consider getting rib and chest xray to check for a cracked rib and to be sure ...
hello, my wife says she feels like something is under her right rib. she says its hard to describe the feeling. she is not in pain, just sometimes she says it can feel uncomfortable. she said it fe...
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Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare condition that may affect the nerves, blood vessels or both. It can be caused by repetitive motion, weightlifting, injury or internal factors, such as growth of a tumor, cervical rib or weight gain. Treatment and symptoms vary depending on the type of TOS. Johns Hopkins is one of the few hospitals that specializes in diagnosing and treating TOS. ...
About Sauropods Sauropods are best described as gigantic, long-necked herbivores with long tails and tree-trunk legs. The largest sauropods were over 30 meters (~100 feet) long and may have weighed over 30 metric tons (nearly 60,000 lbs)! Unlike whales, these dinosaurs were land-lubbers, and their skeletons had to resist gravity. Sauropods represent the extreme of…
Amargatitanis macni Apesteguía, 2007 was described as a purported titanosaur sauropod. That referral is significant because Amargatitanis would represent one of the oldest known members of Titanosauria. However, this referral and even the systematic validity of the taxon were questioned. Here, all the available remains of the taxon are evaluated including a description of unpublished elements. The identity of the type material is discussed based on a first-hand examination of the specimens and evaluation of the original field notes as reliable evidence for bone association. The original holotype of Amargatitanis is a chimaera, as pointed out by previous authors. Herein a new, modified holotype for Amargatitanis is proposed. This analysis presents a revised diagnosis for Amargatitanis macni as a valid taxon, and description of unpublished material clarifies the anatomy of this sauropod dinosaur. The inclusion of Amargatitanis macni in an updated phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of a ...
Apatosaurus once known as Brontosaurus, was a enormous sauropod dinosaur that lived 150 million years ago during the Kimmeridgian and early Tithonian ages of the Jurassic period. Apatosaurus was among one of the largest land animals that ever lived....
Is it necessary to go to er for a possible broken rib - Is it necessary to go to ER for a possible broken rib? Not emergent. If you think its just a bruise, you will probably be ok, but if you think it might be more, you should get it looked at.
Is there anything more beautiful than a perfect prime rib? A deep brown crust crackling with salt and fat, sliced open to reveal a juicy pink center that extends from edge to edge. After years of study, hundreds of pounds of beef, and tens of thousands of calories, Ive developed these 13 easy-to-remember rules for perfect prime rib.
RODRIGO Alves is undergoing his most dangerous procedure ever this weekend - he is having four ribs removed so he looks better in blazers. But doctors have BIG plans for his extracted bones...
Whether we assume that a reptile (ectotherm) or mammal/bird (endotherm) equation should be used for a 38 tonne sauropod dinosaur can lead to a difference in estimated gut tissue mass of more than 1670 kg (or 4.4% of the assumed BM). In the case of sauropods, it has been postulated that these animals underwent an ontogenetic shift in their metabolic rate, from juvenile endotherms to adult mass homeotherms (with low metabolic rates; Farlow 1990; ,Sander & Clauss 2008), and the intestinal length is usually considered to reflect metabolic rate (,Williams et al. 2001). For example, owing to the apparent association of intestinal length and metabolism, this view of sauropod metabolism would imply that the growth of intestinal tissue mass was less during ontogeny in sauropods than that in mammals. This view would therefore justify the use of reptile equations for adult sauropods, thus alleviating theoretical constraints on the capacity of the coelomic cavity. ,Gunga et al. (2008) had already ...
Jaws and teeth are particularly important when considering how the sauropod giants managed to obtain sufficient nourishment. Besides the variation in jaw shape discussed above, there is also variation among sauropod species in the shape of the teeth. Some sauropods, such as Brachiosaurus and Camarasaurus, have teeth with spoon-shaped crowns. Others, such as Diplodocus, have teeth that are shaped like pencils. They are little round cylinders. Both of these shapes of sauropod teeth, when multiplied by a mouthful of them, are adequate for plucking and nipping sprigs, twigs, fronds, and leaves, but they are not good for chewing them up. In addition, they are not held very strongly in their sockets, and they were replaced in life at frequent intervals by replacement teeth growing in from the roots. After a sauropod dies, the teeth very quickly fall out. Since neither tooth shape is adequate for a good, thorough chewing of the food, the teeth were used primarily to obtain food. The processing of it ...
A Zurich researcher has been helping to unlock the secrets of how sauropod dinosaurs - the largest ever creatures to have walked the earth - ...
Ultrasauros (Ultrasaurus) was a huge Sauropod dinosaur with long forelimbs and elevated nostrils. Ultrasauros was one of the tallest and largest dinosaurs yet found.
Ribs, here is a fashion to make ribs that will fall off the bone everytime.... For the purist, I might be permanently marked as a lunatic (and a crazy one at that). I make them, at least start them in a pressure cooker or for some a Presto. Speed here is phenomenal as some of my friends are the purist types that only make this and that in this only fashion... (The old and only way). They tell me that NO, you cannot make ribs like this with a pressure cooker. And, I tell them; So you basically have to plan this a week in advance at the minimum, hey???. In the Pressure Cooker, it takes way less than 2 hours from the time you decide to make them (if you have fresh ribs in the fridge or at a butcher near you) to enjoying them ...
The true ribs are attached to the sternum (breastbone) directly by their costal cartilages. There are seven true ribs. (The other ribs are termed floating or false ribs.). ...
Best Ribs in Seekonk, Massachusetts: Find 3,986 TripAdvisor traveller reviews of the best Ribs and search by price, location, and more.
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Want the secret to tender and juicy ribs? These ribs are gently simmered then grilled, producing tender meat that falls from the bone.
Ive been sick and coughing for a while. About 5 days ago, I noticed a spot of pain on my ribs when I coughed. The pain was not severe so I ignored it. Yesterday, I coughed and felt a sharp *crack* ...
Samsons Ribs (Hillfort) on The Modern Antiquarian, the UK & Irelands most popular megalithic community website. 7 images, plus information on many more ancient sites nearby and across the UK & Ireland.
These grilled pork spare ribs will be prepped with a spiced rub, cooked slowly on the grill and then slathered in a bbq sauce. Tender & extremely flavorful.
This article describes migraine without aura since childhood in a patient with bilateral cervical ribs. In addition to usual migraine triggers, symptoms were triggered by neck extension and by arm abduction and external rotation; paresthesias and pain preceded migraine triggered by arm and neck movement. Suspected thoracic outlet syndrome was confirmed by high-resolution bilateral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the brachial plexus. An unsuspected aberrant right subclavian artery was compressed within the scalene triangle. Left scalenectomy and rib resection confirmed the MRI and MRA findings; the scalene triangle contents were decompressed, and migraine symptoms subsequently resolved. - Saxton et al., 1999. Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) refers to the compression of the neurovascular bundle within the thoracic outlet. In this report, we describe a patient with debilitating migraines, which were consistently preceded by unilateral arm swelling. ...
Nerve Block for NTOS. Thoracic Electrical Outlet Disorder, TOS is a term made use of to define a team of problems that occur when capillary, or nerves, are compressed within a space called the thoracic electrical outlet. The thoracic outlet is the flow means between your collarbone and first rib. There are 3 sorts of TOS. Neurogenic, compression of the brachial plexus, venous, compression of the subclavian vein, and arterial, compression of the subclavian artery. Depending upon the type of TOS you have, therapies vary from physical therapy and drug to surgical procedure. The most common type or TOS is neurogenic TOS, NTOS. This disorder could happen if there are physiological irregularities, such as a rare cervical rib, injury, or most generally, repetitive arm motion resulting in compression of the interscalene triangle. Individuals with NTOS frequently experience pain or feeling numb of the top limb. When the advised physical therapy wants, carrying out an interscalene brachial plexus block ...
Acoustic Neuroma (1) Adenoid (5) Adenoid hypertrophy (1) Adenoidectomy (5) Allergic Rhinitis (1) Angiofibroma (1) Antrochoanal Polyp (2) Balloon Sinuplasty (2) basal cell carcinoma (1) Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) (1) Bruxism (Grinding of teeth) (1) Cancer oral cavity (2) Cerebellopontine angle tumour (2) cervical rib (1) Cervical spondylosis (2) Cholesteatoma (4) chronic sinusitis (5) Concha Bullosa (3) Consent (16) Contact Granuloma (1) Cosmetic Nasal Surgery (1) Deafness. (1) Dengue Fever (1) Deviated Nasal Septum (4) Discharging ears (2) Dizziness (1) DNS (2) Drugs causing hearing loss (1) Ear bleed. (1) Ear buds (1) Ear cleaning (1) Ear drum perforation (1) ear lobule (2) Ear Surgery (3) Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (5) ENT Care (5) Epistaxis (4) Eustachian tube (1) Extrasinus mucocoele (1) foreign body (2) Frontal Sinus (1) Frontal sinus surgery (1) Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) (1) Hearing Aids (1) Influenza prevention (1) Isometric Neck Exercises (1) Jal Neeti (1) ...
Acoustic Neuroma (1) Adenoid (5) Adenoid hypertrophy (1) Adenoidectomy (5) Allergic Rhinitis (1) Angiofibroma (1) Antrochoanal Polyp (2) Balloon Sinuplasty (2) basal cell carcinoma (1) Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) (1) Bruxism (Grinding of teeth) (1) Cancer oral cavity (2) Cerebellopontine angle tumour (2) cervical rib (1) Cervical spondylosis (2) Cholesteatoma (4) chronic sinusitis (5) Concha Bullosa (3) Consent (16) Contact Granuloma (1) Cosmetic Nasal Surgery (1) Deafness. (1) Dengue Fever (1) Deviated Nasal Septum (4) Discharging ears (2) Dizziness (1) DNS (2) Drugs causing hearing loss (1) Ear bleed. (1) Ear buds (1) Ear cleaning (1) Ear drum perforation (1) ear lobule (2) Ear Surgery (3) Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (5) ENT Care (5) Epistaxis (4) Eustachian tube (1) Extrasinus mucocoele (1) foreign body (2) Frontal Sinus (1) Frontal sinus surgery (1) Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) (1) Hearing Aids (1) Influenza prevention (1) Isometric Neck Exercises (1) Jal Neeti (1) ...
Watch Video: CT Scan Of A Diplodocus Tooth]. Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. Colossal, skyscraping sauropod dinosaurs required massive amounts of plant food to maintain their enormous weight, causing a lot of wear and tear on their teeth. But without a decent dental plan, how did these giants maintain healthy chompers?. According to a new report, published in the open access journal PLoS ONE, two sauropods, Diplodocus and Camarasaurus, produced new teeth on a monthly basis and had several backup teeth constantly stored in their jaws.. "A nearly 100-foot-long sauropod would have had a fresh tooth in each position about every one to two months, sometimes less," said report co-author Michael DEmic, from Stony Brook University in New York.. In the study, DEmic and several other American researchers searched tens of museum collections for sauropod jaws. After negotiating with several museums about gaining access to their specimens, the team was finally able to procure a ...
Witmer said traditional views of the nostril placement are probably rooted in a historical belief that the huge, long-necked sauropod dinosaurs were amphibious. In that case, nasal passages positioned further back on the head would have worked like a snorkel. Evidence uncovered in the 1970s suggested that sauropods were not aquatic, but landlubbers. Yet for some reason, the early depictions of sauropods with nostrils further back on the head didnt change, and that position was also picked up in renderings of other dinosaurs. Up-Front Results Witmer undertook the study because he is interested in the overall physiology of dinosaurs. He was curious about why the fleshy nostrils of dinosaurs were shown where they are, but he couldnt find an explanation. So he set out to get a more accurate idea of just where a dinosaurs nose was probably positioned. He did X-ray examinations of living birds, crocodiles, and lizards, which are thought to be surviving relatives of dinosaurs.. He painted the fleshy ...
sauropods with dermal spines were depicted in the Ica stone collection. Modern man was unaware that some (many?) sauropod dinosaurs possessed dermal spines, even though scientists had been studying the dinosaur fossils around the world for more than 150 years. This characteristic of sauropods was not learned from the fossil record until 1992. The ancient Peruvians had it right long before 1992: are we to believe they carefully examined, excavated, and reconstructed fossilized sauropod bones and skin-intricate scientific recreations that history simply does not record the ancients performing? Is it not more reasonable to conclude that man once lived with the animals that they illustrated? Modern-day paleontologists have the luxury of researching dinosaur data from all over the world and as far back as the 1820s. Our present knowledge and illustrations of dinosaurs come from their composite research. The ancients had no such comparable science, yet they still depicted dinosaurs accurately. The ...
Define prime ribs. prime ribs synonyms, prime ribs pronunciation, prime ribs translation, English dictionary definition of prime ribs. n. a serving of the roasted ribs and meat from a prime cut of beef
Calories and other nutritional information for Beef, rib, whole (ribs 6-12), separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/8 fat, choice, raw
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Slipping rib syndrome occurs when one of the ribs intermittently slips out of place, thereby stretching the ligaments that support the front and back of the affected rib.
Ken Kinman wrote: ,,If my protofeathers evolved on the tail first hypothesis is correct, they may well first appear on the tail and then spread up the spine during ontogeny.,, Hmm, interesting. Im sorry if I slow the whole debate down, but Im the young ignoramus of this list, after all. Anyway, Id be interested to know more about this hypothesis of yours, if you dont mind repeating it, that is... Julien Divay ...
Best Ribs in Costa Mesa, Orange County: Find 12,820 TripAdvisor traveller reviews of the best Ribs and search by price, location, and more.
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Bobby Flays method of smoking a prime rib is to dry rub it with spice, marinate it and smoke the meat for the appropriate amount of time for the size of the prime rib. Use the type of dry rub and...
A Spanish man who was diagnosed with a cancerous sarcoma in the wall of his chest has received a 3-D printed implant to replace his sternum and some of his ribs.
Hi Ive had this cold in my ribs and fronzen palms for the past month, what do I do? I need a lot more detail, Ruby, if you want a helpful answer. Dr
Finally got to fire up the UDS again. Have been craving ribs for a few weeks so here we go. I have been wanting to create a new dry rub so I just...
Question - Feeling of a weight under my ribs (Left) there all the time. - 4N. Find the answer to this and other Medical questions on JustAnswer
The paper itself is a marvel of weak extrapolation:. Link to excerpt of curent "Current Biology" issue, showing the full article:. http://download.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/PIIS0960982212003296.pdf. Could methane produced by sauropod dinosaurs. have helped drive Mesozoic climate warmth?. David M. Wilkinson1,*, Euan G. Nisbet2, and Graeme D. Ruxton3. Mesozoic sauropods, like many modern herbivores, are likely to have. hosted microbial methanogenic symbionts for the fermentative. digestion of their plant food [1]. Today methane from livestock is a. significant component of the global methane budget [2]. Sauropod. methane emission would probably also have been considerable. Here,. we use a simple quantitative approach to estimate the magnitude of such. methane production and show that the production of the greenhouse. gas methane by sauropods could have been an important factor in warm. Mesozoic climates. Sauropod dinosaurs include the largest terrestrial animals known. and exhibit a ...
Position 1: PhD Position in Materials Science and Vertebrate Paleontology, Max Planck Insitute for Iron Research Dusseldorf, and Institute of Paleontology, University of Bonn, Germany. A PhD position in Materials Science and Vertebrate Paleontology is available beginning April 1st, 2007, for research on growth and life history of sauropod dinosaurs as deduced from bone histology. The position is for a maximum of three years and is part of the recently approved 2nd funding period of the DFG Research Unit "Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: the Evolution of Gigantism" (www.sauropod-dinosaurs.uni-bonn.de). This Research Unit consists of 13 individual projects based at several German and a Swiss universities and offers great opportunities for interaction with collegues from fields as disparate as animal nutrition, physiology, and materials science, with a paleontological research program at the center. The salary is based on the German Tv-L 13 category which pays about EU 16,900 p.a. The topic of ...
A Window into the Transition from Small, Bipedal Herbivores to Quadrupedal Giants? Aardonyx celestae life reconstruction by Csotonyi, used by permission of the artist. This dinosaur from the Early Jurassic (195 million years ago) of South Africa is shedding new light on the origins of the most enormous dinosaurs ever: the sauropods. Sauropod dinosaurs reached…
DINO BONE Dinosaur Bone - Sauropod Femur Jurassic, Morrison Formation Central Wyoming, USA It does not - Available at 2015 October 4 Nature & Science...
Posted by Nick on November 25, 2012 at 10:54:48:. In Reply to: Re: Ribs posted by Salmon on November 25, 2012 at 10:15:13:. Rick,. I have been foiling my ribs (even for home cooking) with the honey and stuff. Yesterday I did 3 slabs of baby backs on my WSM. I rubbed with Smokin Guns Sweet Heat. I cooked meet side up. I did not foil. I brushed with melted butter 2 different times throughout the cook. I liked them better than any ribs I have cooked in a long time. I think Im done with the foil for a while ...
Well, for the last few weeks I have had a bad cough and when my ribs started getting sore I started getting worried. But my cough is almost gone so I was surprised when my my ribs were more sore than ever. I had just told my brother how sore I was and popped 4 Advil when I coughed. I felt/heard the rib crack. YUCK! I yelled out and started crying in pain. I think I freaked my sweet 5th grader Quinn out. My brother wanted me to go to the ER but I knew there was nothing they could do and it wasnt quite as bad a last time. So, my vacation week plans have not turned out as I expected. I thought I was going to take my kids mini-golfing and finally going to give my house a deep clean. I thought I would finally get around to doing some work in the yard. NOPE! I cant do much of anything. And to add to the fun I have been coughing today! Oh man, that is torture ...
Beef, rib, whole (ribs 6-12), separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/4" fat, choice, cooked, roasted, 1 piece, cooked, excluding refuse (yield from 1 lb raw meat with refuse ...
Beef, rib, large end (ribs 6-9), separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/4" fat, select, cooked, roasted, 1 piece, cooked, excluding refuse (yield from 1 lb raw meat with refuse ...
Read the Ribs and Chicken barbecue question discussion from the Chowhound Bbq Smoking Grilling, Chicken food community. Join the discussion today.
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One aspect of sauropod neck cartilage thats been overlooked -- and this applies to all non-avian dinosaurs, not just sauropods -- is the configuration of the cartilage in their necks. Its not widely appreciated that birds necks differ from those of all other animals in this respect, and we dont yet know whether sauropods resembled…
Sauropod bone histology has provided a great deal of insight into the life history of these enormous animals. However, because of high growth rates, annual growth rings are not common in sauropod long bones, so directly measuring growth rates and determining sexual maturity require alternative measures. Histological ontogenetic stages (HOS) have been established to describe the changes in bone histology through development for basal Macronaria and Diplodocoidea, and subsequently for Titanosauria. Despite this, the current HOS model is not able to discriminate bone tissues in late ontogeny, when sauropods had reached asymptotic size and continued to live into senescence but their long bones became extensively remodeled by secondary osteons and all primary bone was destroyed. Here we establish remodeling stages (RS) to characterize the Haversian bone development through ontogeny in eight sauropod taxa (Apatosaurinae, Giraffatitan brancai, Camarasaurus spp., Dicraeosaurus spp., Ampelosaurus atacis, ...
Probably everyone who reads SV-POW! already knows that the manus, or forefoot, or sauropods was very distinctive. The metacarpal bones, rather than being splayed out horizontally as in the forefeet of most animals, were arranged more or less vertically in a horseshoe shape, hence the characteristic shape of sauropod manus prints. This was first recognised…
Believe it or dont, the three of us came up with a new, crazy plan…. to start a new blog (holds breath, pauses for effect) devoted entirely to sauropod vertebrae. Yes, world, I give you the Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week blog, or SV-POW! for short. Its amazing that no-one thought of doing this sooner. Oh, actually, no its not, but: please visit, and keep tabs on what is surely going to be one of the most amazing events ever in the history of the blogosphere. And, no, it will not effect the posting rate or anything else on Tet Zoo [adjacent pic is the only one I can find of the three of us together. Left to right: Naish, Wedel, Taylor. Dont ask about the t-shirts]. I think our nerdometer readings just hit the theoretical maximum; now we just sit back and watch the tens of thousands of hits roll in (err, you did install a counter right Mike?).. I thank you.. Refs - -. Wedel, M. J. 2003a. The evolution of vertebral pneumaticity in sauropod dinosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology ...
Mike, it might appear as orthodoxy to you when you see it informally cited, but it is the result of scientific observations, not just Sunday afternoon trips to the zoo. I point you to (Leuthold and Leuthold, 1972; Pellew, 1984; Young and Isbell, 1991, Woolnough du Toit, 2001). You can find these references in Digital reconstructions of sauropod dinosaurs and implications for feeding, Kent A. Stevens and J. Michael Parrish, pp. 178-200, in The Sauropods: Evolution and paleobiology, 2005 Kristina A. Curry Rogers and Jeffrey A. Wilson, eds. Berkeley and California: University of California Press, 349 pp ...
And by biggest, do we mean the tallest, longest, or most massive? As nearly every schoolchild has heard, the Blue Whale is the most massive animal that has ever lived, stretching up to 33 meters and 180 metric tons. Not even the longest sauropod dinosaurs were as long (despite unverified claims to the contrary). But the interesting fact comes when we wonder why, over the long history of the world including giant dinosaurs and everything else, the absolute biggest would just so happen to exist now? The answer comes from math, and it has to do with the Blue Whales specialized feeding technique called lunge feeding. With a burst of speed, it opens its mouth so big as to gulp some 125% of its body weight of water, straining some half a million calories of krill. Thats a big job with a high energy cost, and it requires a lot of calories to do it. As the size of the animal goes up, the energy cost increases faster than the potential energy gain from the food. It turns out that about 33 meters is the ...
Dinosaurier-Eier aus der Oofamilie Megaloolithidae kommen fast weltweit in oberkretazischen terrestrischen Sedimenten vor. Die wichtigsten Fundregionen sind Südwesteuropa, Zentralindien und die spektakuläre Fundstelle Auca Mahuevo in Argentinien. Aufgrund von Funden von Embryonen in Eiern von dieser Lokalität wird angenommen, dass Eier des Oogenus Megaloolithus von titanosauriden Sauropoden gelegt wurden. In dieser Arbeit geben wir einen Ûberblick über den geologischen Kontext, die Taphonomie, Neststruktur, Gelegemorphologie, Dickenvariation der Schale und Schalenporosität von Megaloolithus-Eiern aus Europa, Indien und Auca Mahuevo, Argentinien. Wir konzentrieren uns auf die Implikationen dieser Daten für die Reproduktionsbiologie der sauropoden Dinosaurier. Obwohl fast alle Vorkommen aus Paläoböden unterschiedlicher Reife stammen, gibt es auffällige Unterschiede zwischen den europäischen und indischen Vorkommen einerseits und Auca Mahuevo andererseits. Die Gelegegröße ist < 8 eier ...
Its been at least 20 years since I barbecued ribs. Hard to believe. Back when we lived in Columbus, I used to do baby backs from time to time, but was never satisfied with the results. When we lived in Chicago, one of the worlds great rib joints, Robinsons #1 Ribs, was just around the corner and it was simply easier to go there, or to our fall-back joint, Russells, and grab a rack ...
Yes I *still* have more photos to come from the Tokyo Dino Expo 2011, and its nice to get back to the sauropods. More specifically this sauropod, the rarely seen Nigersaurus. One of the rare and unusual rebbachisaurs the characteristic lawn-mower type skull s really rather obvious here, and the neck is pretty short and…
Beef ribs consist of the muscles and bones of the rib cage of a cow. Somewhat tougher than many other cuts of beef and with a more substantial beef flavor,...
Thank you for your interest in performing at the seventh annual Rib Burn Off. Please fill out the information below and we will get back to you with further information ...
Bakers Daughter ... Im sorry they did not turn out for you on the first round. The only thing I can think of as being a problem is if you increased the ribs to feed 14 people (possibly tripling the recipe) and put them all in one roaster on top of each other, they could use longer baking time. For two or three racks I have never had to increase the baking time. Maybe you took that into consideration, but its worth mentioning.. ReplyDelete ...
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Both of these specimens are adjudged to be Titanosaurs, a group of (often extremely large) Sauropod Dinosaurs that originated in South America and spread across much of the globe during the Cretaceous, which has interesting biogeographical implications for the Australian fauna of the Cretaceous. The extremely large size of Titanosaurs means that they are highly unlikely to have been dispersed across oceans by rafting or any similar mechanism, suggesting that they must have walked from South America to Australia overland. This was certainly possible during the Cretaceous, as the continents of Gondwana were still largely attached at the beginning of this period, and even at the end Australia was still attached to South America via a land-bridge across Antarctica. Titanosaurs, and Sauropods in general, appear to have favoured warmer climates, being absent from latitudes higher than 66° in either hemisphere, and much less diverse in higher latitudes than they were within the tropics. Antarctica was ...
The ribs constitute the structural support for the trunk. It plays a vital role in how the lungs work and in the support and protection of many other vital organs. This statement applies to much of the upper ribcage but does not necessarily apply to every aspect of every rib throughout their full lengths around the chest and abdomen. As such, there is some latitude to remove or reduce selective rib areas for body contouring effects.. Rib removal, or what I prefer to call ribcage modification surgery, is most commonly associated with waistline reduction. This is specifically horizontal waistline reduction. This is accomplished by removal of the outer half of the posterior ribs 11 and 12 and sometimes part of rib 10 as well. But this is not the only rib area which can be modified.. On the front or anterior surface is the subcostal portion of the ribcage. This rib area is distinctly different from that of the back for reasons that are different than just body location alone. The subcostal rib cage ...
Sauropods, live or dead, seem to be likely candidates as prey. Sauropod bones with holes fitting allosaur teeth, and the presence of shed allosaur teeth with sauropod bones have been found.[3]. There is dramatic evidence for allosaur attacks on Stegosaurus. An Allosaurus tail vertebra has been found with a partially healed puncture which fits a Stegosaurus tail spike. Also, there is a Stegosaurus neck plate with a U-shaped wound that correlates well with an Allosaurus snout.[4]. Allosaurus was probably not a predator of fully grown sauropods, unless it hunted in packs. It had a modestly sized skull and relatively small teeth, and was greatly outweighed by adult sauropods. Another possibility is that it preferred to hunt juveniles instead of fully grown adults.. Researchers have made other suggestions. Robert T. Bakker compared the short teeth to serrations on a saw. This saw-like cutting edge runs the length of the upper jaw, and could have been driven into prey. This type of jaw would permit ...
It has recently been argued that neural spine bifurcation increases through ontogeny in several Morrison Formation sauropods, that recognition of ontogenetic transformation in this key character will have sweeping implications for sauropod phylogeny, and that Suuwassea and Haplocanthosaurus in particular are likely to be juveniles of known diplodocids. However, we find that serial variation in sauropod vertebrae can mimic ontogenetic change and is therefore a powerful confounding factor, especially when dealing with isolated elements whose serial position cannot be determined. When serial position is taken into account, there is no evidence that neural spine bifurcation increased over ontogeny in Morrison Formation diplodocids. Through phylogenetic analysis we show that neural spine bifurcation is not a key character in sauropod phylogeny and that Suuwassea and Haplocanthosaurus are almost certainly not juveniles of known diplodocids. Skeletochronology based on the sequence of skeletal fusions ...
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1 1/2 cups store-bought or homemade barbecue sauce.. Preparation - Preheat oven to 350 . Combine first 5 ingredients in a small bowl. Place each rack of ribs on a double layer of foil; sprinkle rub all over ribs. Wrap racks individually and divide between 2 baking sheets. Bake ribs until very tender but not falling apart, about 2 hours for baby backs and 3 hours for spareribs. Carefully unwrap ribs; pour any juices from foil into a 4-cup heatproof measuring cup; reserve juices. Let ribs cool completely. DO AHEAD: Ribs can be baked up to 3 days ahead (the flavor will be more developed, and the cold ribs will hold together better on the grill as they heat through). Cover and chill juices. Rewrap ribs in foil and chill. Build a medium-hot fire in a charcoal grill, or heat a gas grill to high. Add broth or water to rib juices, if needed, to measure 1 1/2 cups. Whisk in barbecue sauce to blend. Grill ribs, basting with barbecue sauce mixture and turning frequently, until lacquered and charred in ...
Cooking pork ribs for an extended period requires a low oven temperature, generally between 200 and 250 degrees Fahrenheit. Initially, adding a little water and covering the pan with foil keeps the meat moist. Once the meat is thoroughly cooked, uncovering the ribs and adding seasonings, such as barbecue sauce, to the ribs and increasing the temperature to 400 to 450 F allows the ribs to brown.. ...
Using computer modeling technique involving the equivalent of 30,000 desktop computers, scientists from the University of Manchester re-created a dinosaur's walking and running movements and tested its locomotion ability for the first time.
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Rhoetosaurus brownei, a primitive sauropod from the Middle Jurassic of Queensland, is one of the largest and most complete Australian dinosaurs known.
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... some cervical and dorsal ribs; left scapula and coracoid; the furcula; the left ulna; both femora, tibiae, and ulnae; the right ... These include broken ribs and damages in the skull. One of the most prominent injuries are in the neck and the skull. A piece ... Bucky also has a nearly complete set of gastralia, or belly ribs, and an ulna, or lower arm bone. As of now, 101 bones, or ... At the time of discovery, a complete cervical (neck vertebrae) series for Tyrannosaurus was not previously known, so it was ...
Seventh cervical vertebra (Vertebra prominens ) *cervical rib. The thoracic vertebrae (Тема 22)[редактиране , редактиране на ... The ribs (Тема 28)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 123[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *ribs (Costæ) *true ... The cervical vertebrae (Тема 21)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 97[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *cervical ...
... ribs; extremely low neural spines on the cervical and anterior dorsal vertebrae; and strongly procoelous proximal caudal ... It appears to be closely allied with Turiasaurus, with which it shares derived features of the braincase; bifurcated cervical ( ... transverse ridges in the posterior cervical vertebrae and anterior dorsal vertebrae; strongly procoelous proximal and distal ...
... a posterior cervical vertebra; cervical ribs; multiple dorsal vertebrae and dorsal ribs; the sacrum; 32 caudal vertebrae and 18 ... It includes a partial anterior cervical vertebra, multiple dorsal vertebrae and ribs, the sacrum, seven caudal vertebrae and ...
Holland, C. T. (1921). Cervical Ribs. British Medical Journal. 2(3167), 418. Holland, C. T. (1921). An Address On The Hour- ...
The cervical ribs have expanded lower ends. In the front tail vertebrae, the tops of the neural spines are rounded instead of ... neck ribs, dorsal ribs, chevrons, a left shoulderblade, a complete pelvis, ossified tendons and ten neck and back plates. The ... The ribs are expanded at their lower ends. The neural spines of the tail vertebrae are not bifurcated. The lower end of the ... Though the back plates of the various individuals were not articulated, Saitta managed to order them into cervical, dorsal and ...
Embryonic cervical, lumbar, and sacral ribs. The thirteenth rib of the adult. The seventh cervical rib in the adult. The ...
... a fragmentary sixth cervical centrum; cervical vertebrae 7-10; several posterior cervical ribs; several anterior dorsal ... When the type specimen was discovered, several long cervical ribs, of a supposed prosauropod dinosaur were found in the mouth ... Hammer further noted that since the ribs were found extending all the way back to the theropod's neck region, this individual ... may have choked to death on these ribs. However, Smith et al. concluded that these remains belonged to the Cryolophosaurus ...
It is also one of the least complete specimens, consisting mostly of limb bones and isolated cervical vertebrae and ribs.[117] ... Much of the rest of the skeleton is excellently preserved, including the normal vertebral count in Archaeopteryx, cervical ribs ... pointed cervical ribs begin at the third vertebra. The longest are about 50 mm and total eleven in number.[16] Gastralia, or ... The cervical vertebrae, for example, are all but one preserved in their natural pose. Analysis of these vertebrae led Dames to ...
Ribs are found from the neck to the tail. Cervical ribs are hatchet-shaped and have two articular heads.[8] Dorsal ribs are ... Sacral ribs are "short, robust, and blunt or knob-like on both ends." Caudal ribs have different morphologies depending on ... There are approximately 40 cervical vertebrae (neck vertebrae), with different specimens preserving 38 to 42 cervical vertebrae ... The articular surfaces of the cervical centra are "slightly concave and kidney-shaped, with rounded, slightly rugose edges." ...
Slender and elongated cervical ribs. The neural spines of the dorsal vertebrae do not laterally widen towards the tip. The ... sacral rib of 'primordial' sacral one articulates with the anterior process of the ilium. The 'insertion' of a sacral vertebra ...
... one or more additional spleens Cervical rib - an additional rib Diphallia - Having two penes/penises. Hermaphroditism - having ... "Cervical ribs and thoracic outlet syndrome". Accessed 10 July 2006. Grumbach, M.M., Conte, F.A., 1998. "Disorders of sex ...
They carry double-headed thin cervical ribs. The dorsal vertebrae are more rounded with flat spines; the first three or four ... carry ribs that contact the sternal ribs; the more posterior ribs contact the gastralia. The first five or six, rather short, ... The cervical vertebrae are rather long and strongly built, their upper surface having a roughly square cross-section. ... The fossil comprises a shoulder-blade with wing, a partial leg, a rib and a caudal vertebra. Wild justified the creation of a ...
... overlapping cervical ribs which were fused to the centra. The cervical ribs were slender and may therefore have bent easily. ... were met by long prezygapophyses that curved upwards from the third cervical vertebra. The centra and spines of the cervical ... The holotype had a sulcus (groove or furrow) on the neural arch of a cervical vertebra that may have been due to an injury or ... The cervical vertebrae were unusually light; their centra (the "bodies" of the vertebrae) were hollowed out by pleurocoels ( ...
The neck is relatively elongated and the cervical ribs are short. An unusual feature of the neural spines of the trunk region, ... It has a series of broad, flattened ribs that abut each other and connect with closely packed gastralia on the underside of the ... A fourth genus, Eohupehsuchus, was also described in 2014 and had a shorter neck than other genera, with only six cervical ... and a short transverse process for the ribs. Many more differences exist between hupehsuchians and ichthyosaurs, however. In ...
The second specimen includes cervical vertebrae, a rib, and a scapulocoracoid. The third specimen is only represented by ribs. ... pieces of teeth and ribs, an axis vertebra, a dorsal vertebra, three neural spines, the ends of both humeri and a partial hip. ...
All of the cervical vertebrae have ribs attached. The initial set are linear; the rest are two-headed. Tendons along the neural ...
... cervical vertebrae; rib; vertebrae; lumbar vertebrae; thoracic vertebrae; Excavation (2005): Level 3 M Mousterian. This level ...
There are 17 cervical vertebrae and the cervical ribs have anterior processes. The maxillae of Dactylosaurus extended broadly ...
The cervical ribs are not fused to the centra. The coracoid and procoracoid, which are absent in therians, are present. The ...
... the low neural spines of the cervical vertebrae; the long cervical ribs; the lack of intercentra articulating with the dorsal ... Its cervical ribs - which are long, like that of the adult - face the same direction as the dorsal vertebrae of the adult, ... The long, slender cervical ribs bear frontal projections free of the vertebral bodies, which are also unique to ... After flexing its neck to the side (which would have been facilitated by the slenderness of the cervical ribs), the act of ...
Chiayusaurus asianensis (sauropod indet) - "Tooth." Pukyongosaurus milleniumi (sauropod indet) - "Cervical and dorsal vertebrae ... ribs, limb and girdle elements." Earth sciences portal Paleontology portal Dinosaurs portal List of dinosaur-bearing rock ...
Surgical treatment for symptoms produced by cervical ribs and the scalenus anticus muscle". Clinical orthopaedics and related ...
It consists of only eleven cervical and five dorsal vertebrae with some ribs. Dong and You presented no evidence or ... It consists of a partial skeleton lacking the skull but including eleven cervical, ten dorsal and six sacral vertebrae, and a ... The species distinguishes itself by the possession of twelve cervical vertebrae. The number of sacral vertebrae was first ...
Also two pairs of floating ribs (the 11th and 12th), have no anterior attachment. Cervical ribs are extra ribs that occur in ... There are usually 25 bones in the chest but sometimes there can be additional cervical ribs in humans. Cervical ribs occur ... Some individuals may also have additional (i.e. supernumerary) cervical ribs or lumbar vertebrae. A fully grown adult features ... also known as false ribs, are attached to each other. They are also attached to the 7th rib by cartilage and synovial joints. ...
Cervical fracture *Jefferson fracture. *Hangman's fracture. *Flexion teardrop fracture. *Clay-shoveler fracture ...
What is a cervical rib?. About 1 in 200 people are born with an extra rib called a cervical rib. Because this is something that ... Cervical Rib/Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. About 1 in 200 people are born with an extra rib called a cervical rib. About 1 in 10 ... Having a cervical rib. About 1 in 10 people who have a cervical rib develop thoracic outlet syndrome. So, most people with a ... At the back, this rib connects to the seventh cervical vertebra in your neck. At the front, in some people a cervical rib can ...
... in cervical sympathetic chain, at the superior cervical ganglion, or along the carotid artery). [6] ... The fibers ascend through the sympathetic chain and synapse in the superior cervical ganglion at the level of the bifurcation ... Neck trauma (eg, traumatic dislocation of cervical vertebrae or traumatic dissection of the vertebral artery) - Horner syndrome ... Shortly after the postganglionic fibers leave the superior cervical ganglion, vasomotor and sudomotor fibers branch off, ...
... with destructive lesions of the thoracic inlet and involvement of the brachial plexus and cervical sympathetic nerves (stellate ... or third rib. In a review of 60 patients with Pancoast tumors, Maggi et al found radiographic evidence of rib erosion in 50%; ... Cervical approach for percutaneous needle biopsy of Pancoast tumors. Ann Thorac Surg. 1985 Jun. 39(6):586-7. [Medline]. ... an almost equal percentage demonstrated involvement of the first or second rib, and 20% had involvement of the third rib. One ...
On occasion, a congenital first rib can cause compression but trauma may also promote tos. ... Possibly!: Compression of nerves and blood vessels can be caused by an extra cervical rib (above the first rib) or an abnormal ... Compression: A condition were the first rib or an extra rib causes compression between the clavicle and the rib of any one of ... A condition where the first rib or an extra rib causes compression between the clavicle and the rib of any one of the following ...
  • Pancoast syndrome (Pancoast's syndrome) typically results when a malignant neoplasm of the superior sulcus of the lung (lung cancer) leads to destructive lesions of the thoracic inlet and involvement of the brachial plexus and cervical sympathetic nerves (stellate ganglion). (medscape.com)
  • Second-order preganglionic pupillomotor fibers exit the spinal cord at the level of T1 and enter the cervical sympathetic chain, where they are in close proximity to the pulmonary apex and the subclavian artery. (medscape.com)
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