Longitudinal Ligaments: Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: A calcification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spinal column, usually at the level of the cervical spine. It is often associated with anterior ankylosing hyperostosis.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Spinal Cord Diseases: Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.Spinal Cord Compression: Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Ossification, Heterotopic: The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.Laminectomy: A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.Spinal Osteophytosis: Outgrowth of immature bony processes or bone spurs (OSTEOPHYTE) from the VERTEBRAE, reflecting the presence of degenerative disease and calcification. It commonly occurs in cervical and lumbar SPONDYLOSIS.Ligamentum Flavum: The paired bands of yellow elastic tissue that connect adjoining laminae of the vertebrae. With the laminae, it forms the posterior wall of the spinal canal and helps hold the body erect.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal: A disease of elderly men characterized by large osteophytes that bridge vertebrae and ossification of ligaments and tendon insertions.Spondylosis: A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Radiculopathy: Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.Myelography: X-ray visualization of the spinal cord following injection of contrast medium into the spinal arachnoid space.Spinal DiseasesCervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Periodontal Ligament: The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).Intervertebral Disc Displacement: An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Quadriplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Atlanto-Axial Joint: The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic: A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA VIRUS I. Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)AxisTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Odontoid Process: The toothlike process on the upper surface of the axis, which articulates with the CERVICAL ATLAS above.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Diskectomy: Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.Torticollis: A symptom, not a disease, of a twisted neck. In most instances, the head is tipped toward one side and the chin rotated toward the other. The involuntary muscle contractions in the neck region of patients with torticollis can be due to congenital defects, trauma, inflammation, tumors, and neurological or other factors.Patellar Ligament: A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.DislocationsReflex, Abnormal: An abnormal response to a stimulus applied to the sensory components of the nervous system. This may take the form of increased, decreased, or absent reflexes.Osteochondroma: A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Rebuilding of the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT to restore functional stability of the knee. AUTOGRAFTING or ALLOGRAFTING of tissues is often used.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Broad Ligament: A broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.Spondylolisthesis: Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
... inflammatory process affecting the posterior longitudinal ligament. Clinical signs and symptoms depend on which spinal cord ... Disease that is vascular in nature is known as vascular myelopathy. The most common form of myelopathy in human, cervical ... Surfer's myelopathy "Myelopathy" at American Journal of Neuroradiology "The Science of CSM". Myelopathy.org: an online resource ... As outlined above, the most common form of myelopathy is secondary to degeneration of the cervical spine. Newer findings have ...
Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in cervical region (724) Other and unspecified disorders of back (724.0) Spinal ... Cervical spondylosis w/o myelopathy (721.1) Cervical spondylosis, w/myelopathy (721.2) Thoracic spondylosis w/o myelopathy ( ... Displacement cervical intervertebral disc (722.1) Lumbar disc displacement w/o myelopathy (722.2) Degeneration of ... Intervertebral disc disorder with myelopathy (722.8) Postlaminectomy syndrome (723) Other disorders of cervical region (723.0) ...
"Expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical spinal stenotic myelopathy". Spine. 8 (7): 693-699. ISSN 0362-2436. PMID 6420895 ... Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a process of fibrosis, calcification, and ossification of the ... "Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: A Review of Literature". Asian Spine Journal. 5 (4). doi:10.4184/asj. ... Tsuyama, N. (1984-04-01). "Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine". Clinical Orthopaedics and Related ...
Cervical (spondylotic) myelopathy, a syndrome caused by compression of the cervical spinal cord which is associated with "numb ... The Longitudinal Framingham Heart Study found 1% of men and 1.5% of women had vertebral slippage at mean age of 54. Over the ... Spinal ligaments can thicken (ligamenta flava) Bone spurs develop on the bone and into the spinal canal or foraminal openings ... Surgery for cervical myelopathy is either conducted from the front or from the back, depending on several factors such as where ...
Tears are almost always postero-lateral (on the back of the sides) owing to the presence of the posterior longitudinal ligament ... follow-up the progression of myelopathy in time, for example before and after cervical spine surgery ... determine whether myelopathy exists. *identify the level of the spinal cord where myelopathy is located. This is especially ... MRI scan of cervical disc herniation between fifth and sixth cervical vertebral bodies. Herniation between sixth and seventh ...
... cerebrum cerumen cervical cervical enlargement cervical fascia cervical plexus cervical spinal nerves cervical spine cervical ... levator palpebrae muscle levator palpebrae superioris levator scapulae muscle levator velum palatini muscle ligament ligament ... list of human anatomical features Little's area liver lobule locus coeruleus loin long bone long ciliary nerves longitudinal ... thorax muscular atrophy muscular system muscular triangle mydriasis myelencephalon myelin myelogram myelomeningocele myelopathy ...
The anterior ligaments of the intervertebral disc are extremely sensitive, and even the slightest injury can cause significant ... It is divided into neck pain (cervical), middle back pain (thoracic), lower back pain (lumbar) or coccydynia (tailbone or ... Hurwitz EL, Morgenstern H, Yu F (May 2003). "Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of low-back pain and related ... Surgery may sometimes be appropriate for people with severe myelopathy or cauda equina syndrome. Causes of neurological ...
Atlanto-axial subluxation can occur, owing to erosion of the odontoid process and/or transverse ligaments in the cervical ... Development and validation in a prospective longitudinal study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis". Arthritis Rheum. 38 (1 ... Rheumatoid disease of the spine can lead to myelopathy. ... feet and cervical spine, but larger joints like the shoulder ... Wasserman, Bradley R.; Moskovich, Ronald; Razi, Afshin E. (2011). "Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine--clinical ...
A rigid cervical collar is applied to the neck, and the head is held immobile with blocks on either side and the person is ... Spinal column injury is trauma that causes fracture of the bone or instability of the ligaments in the spine; this can coexist ... Pollard, C.; Kennedy, P. (2007). "A longitudinal analysis of emotional impact, coping strategies and post-traumatic ... is usually seen in cases of chronic myelopathy but can also occur with infarction of the posterior spinal artery. This rare ...
POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT ; SURGICAL-TREATMENT ; ANTERIOR ; DECOMPRESSION ; LAMINOPLASTY ; COMPRESSION ; OUTCOMES ; ... Different Approaches for Treating Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Retrospective Study of 153 Cases from a Single ... Different Approaches for Treating Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Retrospective Study of 153 Cases from a Single ... The optimal surgical treatment for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) remains controversial. This study compared ...
... characterised by calcification of ligaments, tendons and joint capsule insertions. ... The calcification of ligaments, particularly of the anterior longitudinal ligament, has a distinct appearance of candle wax ... Cervical compression due to formation of osteophytes in the cervical spine. *Rarely, osteophytes in the thoracic spine can ... Myelopathy (spinal cord compression). *Rarely, dysphagia may result from the pressure of the overgrown ligamentous ...
Management Cervical Myelopathy: Surgical Management. 43. Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament (OPLL) ... Section 5: Cervical Degenerative Disorders. 36. Cervical Spinal Disorders Associated with Skeletal Dysplasias and Metabolic ...
... following surgical treatment of cervical myelopathy based on features of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament a ... following surgical treatment of cervical myelopathy based on features of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament a ... following surgical treatment of cervical myelopathy based on features of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament a ... following surgical treatment of cervical myelopathy based on features of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament a ...
Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament / Longitudinal Ligaments Clinical aspect: Prognosis Language: English Journal: ... Longitudinal Ligaments , Methods , Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament , Paralysis , Retrospective Studies , Spinal ... Mesh Cage without Plating for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy and a Symptomatic Ossified Posterior Longitudinal Ligament ... instead of a plate after anterior corpectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and an ossified posterior longitudinal ...
Anterior Floating Method for Cervical Myelopathy Caused by Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament. Yamaura, ... Expansive Laminoplasty for Myelopathy in Ossification of the Longitudinal Ligament. Hirabayashi, Kiyoshi; Toyama, Yoshiaki; ... Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Approaches to Surgical Treatment. Orr, R. Douglas; Zdeblick, Thomas A. ... Pathology of Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Ligamentum Flavum. Ono, K.; Yonenobu, K.; Miyamoto, S.; ...
... ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament; PCT = peripheral conduction time; TMS = transcranial magnetic stimulation ... compressive cervical myelopathy; CMAP = compound muscle action potential; CMCT = central motor conduction time; CSM = cervical ... central motor conduction time; cervical; cervical myelopathy; corticospinal tract; diabetes mellitus; motor evoked potentials; ... The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for cervical myelopathy was obtained before and 1 year after surgery as a ...
Surgical results in cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) evaluated with a ... Patient satisfaction with surgery for cervical myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament Clinical ... The purpose of this study was to examine patient satisfaction with surgery for cervical myelopathy due to OPLL and to clarify ... Eighty percent of patients were satisfied with the surgical results after treatment of cervical myelopathy due to OPLL. Surgery ...
... ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament; adverse events; cervical spondylotic myelopathy; costs ... Surgical outcomes of cervical spondylotic myelopathy: an analysis of a national, administrative, longitudinal database.. ... cervical spondylotic myelopathy; DVT = deep vein thrombosis; MarketScan; NIS = Nationwide Inpatient Sample; OPLL = ... and outcomes associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) in the United States. They assessed postoperative ...
Background Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common condition with many unmet clinical needs. Pooled analysis of ... Cervical Myelopathy Spondylosis Spondylotic Stenosis Disc herniation Ossification posterior longitudinal ligament Degeneration ... Genetics and heritability of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: results ... Degenerative cervical myelopathy [DCM] is a new umbrella term for a common clinical phenotype: cervical spinal cord compression ...
... decompression and fusion versus laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: A ... The Managment of cervical spine abnormalities in children with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita: Observational study. Al ... Urban-rural disparity in cervical cancer in China and feasible interventions for tackling the rural excess. Wen, Xiaoduo; Wen, ...
... follow-up results of laminectomy for cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament ... to assess the long-term results of cervical laminectomy in treating ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) ... Double-door laminoplasty using hydroxyapatite (HA) spacers has been widely performed for compressive cervical myelopathy and ... of the cervical spine.. Methods. The authors reviewed medical records in 44 of 52 patients who underwent cervical laminectomy ...
Structurally significant ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL - measured on cervical spine CT), ... Pre-op imaging will include a cervical MRI and cervical CT as well as cervical flexion/extension films and standing cervical- ... Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Surgical Trial. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ... Postoperative cervical sagittal imbalance negatively affects outcomes after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Spine ...
... posterior longitudinal ligament explanation free. What is posterior longitudinal ligament? Meaning of posterior longitudinal ... ligament medical term. What does posterior longitudinal ligament mean? ... Looking for online definition of posterior longitudinal ligament in the Medical Dictionary? ... Cervical myelopathy in patients with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament.. An approach to subclinical cervical ...
One of the main causes, a condition called OPLL (ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament), is not preventable. The ... Health & Fitness How to recognize the early signs of degenerative cervical myelopathy ... Michael Fehlings frequently encounters patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), whose disabilities might have been ... believes its now more important than ever that people recognize the signs of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). ...
Cervical stenosis can prevent early uterine bleeding leading to delayed diagnosis of the disease. A 67 years old Caucasian ... 6420368 - Cervical myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.. 737418 - Lumbar radiculopathy ... We assume that the previous cervical cautery resulted in cervical stenosis that concealed the uterine bleeding. The continuous ... Schneider D,Pansky M,Ben-Baruch G,Endometrial carcinoma developing after cervical amputation: the influence of cervical ...
Buy Textbook of the Cervical Spine by Francis H. Shen From WHSmith today! FREE delivery to store or FREE UK delivery on all ... Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy 15. Cervical Deformity and Treatment Algorithms 16. Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal ... Ligament SECTION 3: TRAUMA 17. Occipitocervical and Upper Cervical Spine Fractures 18. Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries 19. ... Infections of the Cervical Spine 26. Tuberculosis of the Cervical Spine 27. Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Cervical Spine 28. ...
... cervical plating for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: ... cervical plating for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: ... corpectomy in the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossified posterior longitudinal ligament," ... Presentation is usually with neck pain, cervical radiculopathy, cervical myelopathy, or a combination of these. ...
... by Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography in Patients with Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament （2015） ... "Ten Second Step Test" as a New Quantifiable Parameter of Cervical Myelopathy （2009） ... Surgical treatment for ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in thoracic spine : Influence of local ossification ... Analysis of Postoperative Residual Symptoms in 520 Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy （2012） ...
... is characterized by ectopic bone formation in the spinal ligaments. Mechanical stress, which acts on the posterior ligaments ... Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) ... T 1994The natural course of myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical spine.Clin ... the correlation between the ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and that of the anterior longitudinal ligament. ...
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a well-documented cause of cervical spine stenosis and myelopathy ... CERVICAL-SPINE STENOSIS SECONDARY TO OSSIFICATION OF THE POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY Harsh, G. R., ... It is concluded that OPLL of the cervical spine is an unexpectedly prevalent cause of myelopathy among patients treated in the ... Anterior cervical decompression by medial corpectomy and discectomy with fusion uniformly reduced preoperative myelopathy. ...
What is Posterior longitudinal ligament? Meaning of Posterior longitudinal ligament as a legal term. What does Posterior ... Definition of Posterior longitudinal ligament in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Cervical Disc Arthroplasty Combined with Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Cervical Myelopathy with Diffuse Idiopathic ... Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament may result in cervical spinal stenosis, which finally causes cervical ...
... inflammatory process affecting the posterior longitudinal ligament. Clinical signs and symptoms depend on which spinal cord ... Disease that is vascular in nature is known as vascular myelopathy. The most common form of myelopathy in human, cervical ... Surfers myelopathy "Myelopathy" at American Journal of Neuroradiology "The Science of CSM". Myelopathy.org: an online resource ... As outlined above, the most common form of myelopathy is secondary to degeneration of the cervical spine. Newer findings have ...
18 - cervic al spondylotic myelopathy 17 - ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament 6 - intervertebral disc ... Prediction of the surgical outcome for the treatment of cervical myelopathy by using hyperbaric oxygen therapy Spinal Cord ( ... 41 patients diagnosed with cervical myelopathy were treated with HBOT (2.5atm O2 for 1 hour) prior to planned elective ... Admission Neurological Cervical Spine Scale (NCSS) and mean rate (%) of improvement were compared between HBO and non-HBO group ...
... has been successfully used to address cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. ... Posterior cervical fusion had a higher rate of VTE than anterior cervical fusion, whereas anterior thoracolumbar and ... Cervical degeneration was assessed using the cervical degeneration index scoring system.The "Degenerative flatback" group had ... The Relationship Between Cervical Degeneration and Global Spinal Alignment in Patients With Adult Spinal Deformity. Clinical ...
SpineStenosisRadiculopathyThoracicLumbarLigamentum flavumClinicalPosterior cervicalDiffuse Idiopathic Skeletal HyperostosisUtilised in accessing the cervDiagnosisNeurologicalMultilevel cervicalOutcomesDegenerationCompressive myelopathySymptoms of cervicalLateralNeck painACDFSurgical treatmentDegenerative changesLaminoplasty for cervicalSpine SurgeryFusionCongenitalManagement of cervicalOpen-door laminoplastyHypertrophyPathophysiologyInstability of the cervical spineTreatment for cervicalApproachesVertebralNarrowing of the spinal canalDisc herniationPatients with myelopathy
- Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a condition commonly affecting the spine characterized by calcification (bony hardening) of ligaments, tendons and joint capsule insertions. (spineservice.com.au)
- Usually the upper portion of the back (thoracic spine) is affected, but it may also involve the neck (cervical spine) and lower back (lumbar spine). (spineservice.com.au)
- The calcification of ligaments, particularly of the anterior longitudinal ligament, has a distinct appearance of candle wax dripping down your spine. (spineservice.com.au)
- Co-existence of spinal diseases such as lumbar canal stenosis (LCS), lumbar disc herniation and cervical posterior longitudinal ligament ossification was also investigated. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Cervical stenosis can prevent early uterine bleeding leading to delayed diagnosis of the disease. (biomedsearch.com)
- Cervical stenosis is common in elderly postmenopausal women and can prevent early manifestation of endometrial pathology and can be associated with local complications. (biomedsearch.com)
- Cervical stenosis is a common occurrence in elderly women and can prevent early uterine bleeding of endometrial cancer and delays the diagnosis. (biomedsearch.com)
- The approach is dictated by a number of different variables including the location of pathology and type of procedure to be undertaken, previous surgeries to the area, extent of disease (single or multilevel), preoperative neck pain, the presence of congenital stenosis, sagittal alignment of cervical spine, and patient comobidities [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament may result in cervical spinal stenosis, which finally causes cervical myelopathy or radiculopathy. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Developmental cervical spine canal stenosis was present in all patients before surgery. (dovepress.com)
- Fluorosis and epidural lipomatosis are each rare caues of compressive myelopathy, and have never been described previously as a combined cause of spinal stenosis leading to myelopathy. (fluoridealert.org)
- The proximal motor groups of the legs are more commonly affected than the distal motor groups in cervical myelopathy, which is opposite to the findings of lumbar stenosis. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Spinal stenosis is a progressive narrowing of the spinal canal that occurs most commonly in the cervical and lumbar areas. (medscape.com)
- Cervical stenosis assessment in older patients should include anteroposterior (AP), lateral, oblique, and swimmer's lateral views. (medscape.com)
- Lateral views are most sensitive for central spinal stenosis, whereas oblique views of the cervical and lumbar areas better demonstrate lateral stenosis syndromes. (medscape.com)
- Expansive cervical laminoplasty has become the standard procedure for patients with myelopathy attributable to multilevel spinal stenosis caused by OPLL or cervical spondylosis. (mitchmedical.us)
- When patients with cervical myelopathy present in the third or fourth decade of life it is usually secondary to congenital stenosis. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- Myelopathy due to congenital stenosis does not have a specific underlying lesion. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- Trauma may induce myelopathy or precipitate symptoms of an underlying stenosis of the spinal canal. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- The optimal management of acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) associated with preexisting canal stenosis remains to be established. (biomedcentral.com)
- The objective of this study is to examine whether early surgical decompression (within 24 hours after admission) would result in greater improvement in motor function compared with delayed surgery (later than two weeks) in cervical SCI patients presenting with canal stenosis, but without bony injury. (biomedcentral.com)
- Individuals with cervical canal stenosis are known to develop cervical SCI even after minor trauma. (biomedcentral.com)
- Cervical canal stenosis may be congenital, but often results from degenerative conditions, such as spondylosis. (biomedcentral.com)
- Multilevel cervical stenosis with myelopathy. (orthopaedicsone.com)
- and cervical stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal canal in the cervical spine. (manipalhospitals.com)
- Cervical spine radiographs were used to measure the diameter of the spinal canal, C2-7 cervical lordosis (CL), C2-7 range of motion, and segmental range of motion and dynamic instability at the level of greatest stenosis. (biomedcentral.com)
- All patients presented with symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with myelopathy secondary to multisegmental cervical stenosis with spondylosis and underwent decompression from C3 to C7. (elsevier.com)
- Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), continuous type, producing spinal stenosis, cord compression and edema. (radsource.us)
- 2 , 3 Establishing OPLL as the cause of spinal stenosis and myelopathy is important for appropriate surgical management. (radsource.us)
- Frequency, timing, and predictors of neurological dysfunction in the nonmyelopathic patient with cervical spinal cord compression, canal stenosis, and/or ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. (duke.edu)
- One of these studies reported canal stenosis of 60% or more, lateral deviated OPLL, and increased cervical range of motion as significant predictors of myelopathy development. (duke.edu)
- In a survey of 774 spine surgeons, the majority deemed the presence of clinically symptomatic radiculopathy to predict progression to myelopathy in nonmyelopathic patients with cervical stenosis. (duke.edu)
- CONCLUSION: On the basis of these results, we provide a series of evidence-based recommendations related to the frequency, timing, and predictors of myelopathy development in asymptomatic patients with cervical stenosis secondary to spondylosis or OPLL. (duke.edu)
- EVIDENCE-BASED CLINICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: RECOMMENDATION: Patients with cervical canal stenosis and cord compression secondary to spondylosis, without clinical evidence of myelopathy, and who present with clinical or electrophysiological evidence of cervical radicular dysfunction or central conduction deficits seem to be at higher risk for developing myelopathy and should be counseled to consider surgical treatment. (duke.edu)
- SUMMARY STATEMENTS: STATEMENT 1: On the basis of the current literature, for patients with cervical canal stenosis and cord compression secondary to spondylosis, without clinical evidence of myelopathy, approximately 8% at 1-year follow-up and 23% at a median of 44-months follow-up develop clinical evidence of myelopathy. (duke.edu)
- Cervical radiiculopathy/nerve root compression, myelopathy/cord compression are variously attributed to stenosis/narrowing of the spinal canal [anterior/posterior (AP) to less than 10 mm is defined as absolute stenosis, and 13 mm as relative stenosis]. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
- Patients with myeloradiculopathy (cord/root compression) and multilevel cervical stenosis attributed to disc herniations, OPLL, and/or OYL with an adequate lordosis may require multilevel laminectomy and an instrumented fusion. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
- Patients who present with cervical radiculopathy/root compression, and myelopathy/cord compression attributed to stenosis and disc herniations, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), and ossification of the yellow ligament (OYL) may require multilevel laminectomies and posterior instrumented fusions [Figures 1 - 8 ]. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
- OPLL can narrow the spinal canal and causes cervical spine stenosis and Myelopathy (spinal cord compression). (alwaysayurveda.net)
- It is the mainstay treatment of cervical stenosis due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. (spinehealthlife.com)
- Spondylosis of the facet joint or hypertrophy of the facet joints can be a cause of spinal canal stenosis and cervical myelopathy. (chiropractic-in-malaysia.com)
- In general, the most appropriate candidates for cervical laminoplasty are patients with two or more levels of spinal stenosis, normal cervical curvature or a straight cervical spine, no excessive motion on flexion/extension X-rays, and limited or no neck pain. (columbiaspine.org)
- Conclusion Posterior spinal canal expansion angioplasty is suitable for developmental cervical canal stenosis,ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament(OPLL) and degenerative spinal stenosis. (cnki.com.cn)
- Uncoartrosis cervical a relatively narrow spinal canal, the bulging disk can flatten the dural sac surface, but only rarely and in the presence of a marked stenosis, results in a true compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots. (flexware.pro)
- Furthermore and not rarely patients have tandem spinal stenosis (simultaneous cervical and lumbar stenosis). (neuro-la-cote.info)
- MRI examination is needed for diagnosis as the MRI images might show both spinal canal stenosis and signs of myelopathy. (neuro-la-cote.info)
- Cervical Radiculopathy 14. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Presentation is usually with neck pain, cervical radiculopathy, cervical myelopathy, or a combination of these. (hindawi.com)
- Cervical radiculopathy has an incidence of 83.2 per 100,000 [ 2 ] with a prevalence of 3.5 per 1,000 population [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Symptoms may vary considerably and usually do not follow a dermatomal pattern like cervical radiculopathy. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Used for potent anti-inflammatory activity and relieve inflammation associated with cervical radiculopathy. (medscape.com)
- I have multi-level cervical radiculopathy should one type of surgical intervention be better than another? (eorthopod.com)
- What Is Cervical Radiculopathy? (spine-health.com)
- The presence of symptomatic radiculopathy, cervical cord hyperintensity on magnetic resonance imaging, and prolonged somatosensory- and motor-evoked potentials were reported in one study as significant independent predictors of myelopathy development. (duke.edu)
- Cervical spondylosis can lead to chronic pain and stiffness in the neck that may also radiate to the upper extremities (radiculopathy). (gurusgarden.com)
- The difference was not statistically significant and therefore showed that both anterior and posterior uncoartrosis cervical for cervical radiculopathy have excellent efficacy when indicated correctly. (flexware.pro)
- Conclusion Understanding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, uncoartrosis cervical indications, and treatment techniques is essential for rapid diagnosis and care of patients with cervical radiculopathy. (flexware.pro)
- Root compression on MRI compared with clinical findings in patients with recent onset cervical radiculopathy. (flexware.pro)
- 13 mm), and to myelopathy and radiculopathy. (neuro-la-cote.info)
- Pressure on the nerve roots as they exit the spine may cause pain and numbness radiating down to the arms, this condition is known as cervical radiculopathy. (spinecarehk.com)
- Management of cerebrospinal fluid leakage after anterior decompression for ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in the thoracic spine: The utilization of a volume-controlled pseudomeningocele. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Surgical treatment for thoracic myelopathy due to simultaneous ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum at the same level. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The presence and severity of myelopathy can also be evaluated by means of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), a neurophysiological method that allows the measurement of the time required for a neural impulse to cross the pyramidal tracts, starting from the cerebral cortex and ending at the anterior horn cells of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
- We describe an unusual case of thoracic myelopathy due to coexistence of both conditions. (fluoridealert.org)
- 2010). Thoracic myelopathy from coincident fluorosis and epidural lipomatosis. (fluoridealert.org)
- In older patients, radiography of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine have value for screening for compression fractures or spondylosis. (medscape.com)
- Evaluation System for Thoracic Myelopathy The evaluation system for cervical myelopathy, established by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA in 1975), was used. (mitchmedical.us)
- Myelopathies can be cervical, thoracic, or lumbar. (amboss.com)
- After initial experiences with pedicle screws in the thoracic and lumbar spine, technological improvements have resulted in their increased application in the cervical spine. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Ossification of the yellow ligament (OYL) or ligamentum flavum, usually occurs in the thoracic spine. (edp-open.org)
- Identification of susceptibility loci for thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament by whole-genome sequencing. (cdc.gov)
- Radiologic evaluation after posterior instrumented surgery for thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: union between rostral and caudal ossifications. (meidai-seikei.jp)
- Hybrid assistive limb (HAL®) intervention in a patient with late neurological deterioration post-thoracic myelopathy surgery due to ossification of the ligamentum flavum. (tsukuba.ac.jp)
- CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative Sagittal Cobbs angle, presence of signs of myelopathy, operative time and location of apex in the distal thoracic region were significantly higher in patients with neurological deterioration as compared to those without neurological deterioration during kyphotic deformity correction surgery. (bvsalud.org)
- The nerve roots exit at a level above their respective vertebral bodies in the cervical region (e.g., the C7 nerve root exits at the C6-C7 level) and below their respective vertebral bodies in the thoracic and lumbar regions (e.g., the T1 nerve root exits at the T1-T2 level). (doctorlib.info)
- Spinetone for cervical and lumbar spondylosis. (gurusgarden.com)
- Cervical spondylosis is a common degenerative condition of the cervical and lumbar spine that most likely is caused by age-related changes in the intervertebral joints and disks. (gurusgarden.com)
- The disks are largest in the cervical and lumbar regions where movements of the spine are greatest. (doctorlib.info)
- Hence ligamentum flavum--posterior duramater complex appear as a single linear structure and termed posterior complex or PC whereas anterior duramater, posterior longitudinal ligament and posterior aspect of the vertebral body appear as one structure and termed anterior complex or AC. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Degenerative changes also result in bulging of the ligamentum flavum which can impinge on the spinal cord posteriorly, osteophyte formation, and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament which can compress the spinal cord anteriorly [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
- These complications are mainly due to compression of the spinal cord by thickening and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum. (fluoridealert.org)
- We present a rare case of high cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum in a patient from an area endemic for skeletal fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
- Hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum occurs, osteophytes form, and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament may occur. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- There was a mild spondylolisthesis of C6 on C7 with associated disc protrusion and posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy to suggest instability at this level (Fig. 2A, 2B). (spineuniverse.com)
- Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament or calcification of the ligamentum flavum can result in spinal cord compression. (chiropractic-in-malaysia.com)
- Frequently, associated degenerative changes in the facet joints, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum, and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament occur. (gurusgarden.com)
- The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for cervical myelopathy was obtained before and 1 year after surgery as a clinical outcome measure. (nih.gov)
- Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common condition with many unmet clinical needs. (springer.com)
- Using multivariate stepwise analysis, the preoperative factors that affected clinical results were found to be the age at operation, the severity of preexisting myelopathy, and a history of trauma. (thejns.org)
- Myelopathy is primarily diagnosed by clinical exam findings. (wikipedia.org)
- Because the term myelopathy describes a clinical syndrome that can be caused by many pathologies the differential diagnosis of myelopathy is extensive. (wikipedia.org)
- Once the clinical diagnosis myelopathy has been established, the underlying cause needs to be investigated. (wikipedia.org)
- This is especially useful in cases where more than two lesions may be responsible for the clinical symptoms and signs, such as in patients with two or more cervical disc hernias follow-up the progression of myelopathy in time, for example before and after cervical spine surgery TMS can also help in the differential diagnosis of different causes of pyramidal tract damage. (wikipedia.org)
- Compression Angle of Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Its Clinical Significance in Cervical Myelopathy. (koreamed.org)
- On the basis of clinical examination, MRI, and X-ray findings, the patient was diagnosed as a case of endemic skeletal fluorosis who presented as compressive myelopathy causing quadriparesis. (fluoridealert.org)
- The whole spine CT data as well as clinical parameters such as age and sex were obtained from 20 institutions belong to the Japanese Multicenter Research Organization for Ossification of the Spinal Ligament (JOSL). (biomedcentral.com)
- This procedure has a very high clinical success rate for alleviating symptoms but is also associated with some negative long term side-effects including loss of cervical range of motion, increased degenerative changes at segments adjacent to the fusion level and an increased reliance on future need to solid bony fusion. (eorthopod.com)
- A group of large randomized clinical studies investigated long term outcomes comparing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), to cervical disc replacement (CDR). (eorthopod.com)
- Reasonable selection of ACDF in clinical treatment of adjacent two-segment CSM can reduce the amount of bleeding during the operation significantly, thereby improving the cervical curvature and height of fused segment. (alliedacademies.org)
- Anterior Centrum Corpectomy Fusion (ACCF) and Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion (ACDF) are two major clinical treatments for patients with adjacent two-segment CSM [ 3 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
- Our study demonstrates that there was no significant difference in the clinical efficacy of ACDF and SCF, but ACDF involves less intraoperative blood loss, better cervical spine alignment, and fewer postoperative complications than SCF. (hindawi.com)
- The patients were followed up 3 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year after cervical anterior surgery for the early- and long-term clinical evaluation. (springer.com)
- However, for all the patients with postoperative axial symptoms, the improvement rate of axial pain was significantly higher for patients without cervical kyphosis at the early-term follow-up (3 weeks) ( P = 0.032), no significant differences were found at the medium-term ( P = 0.554) and long-term follow-up ( P = 0.902), and improvements of clinical symptom have no obvious difference at the last follow-up. (springer.com)
- Analysis of demographics, clinical, and radiographical findings of ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament of the cervical spine in 146 Korean patients. (semanticscholar.org)
- Clinical and Radiological Characteristics of Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Cervical Spine in Patients without Myelopathy: Results of a 1-year Pilot Study. (semanticscholar.org)
- The clinical trial, titled " Re generation in Ce rvical De generative Myelopathy - a multi-centre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial assessing the efficacy of ibudilast as an adjuvant treatment to decompressive surgery for degenerative cervical myelopathy ," plans to enroll up to 80 subjects in the initial phase of the trial (stage 1) with planned enrollment of 362 subjects, overall. (einpresswire.com)
- Development of neurological deterioration after cervical operation is a major clinical problem. (biomedcentral.com)
- OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes in patients with and without preexisting depression or bipolar disorder undergoing surgery for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). (keio.ac.jp)
- CT scans, MRI and AP/Lateral views of the cervical spine are used to correlate clinical findings and help to localize surgical levels. (orthopaedicsone.com)
- Matsunaga S, Sakou T, Taketomi E, Komiya S. Clinical course of patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a minimum 10-year cohort study. (ijsurgery.com)
- We investigated the clinical characteristics of spinal cord edema due to cervical spondylosis (SCECS). (biomedcentral.com)
- The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of spinal cord edema due to cervical spondylosis (SCECS). (biomedcentral.com)
- In our clinical practice, many patients with cervical spondylosis also complain of headache, and wish to know if the surgical treatment for cervical spondylosis can also alleviate this symptom. (beds.ac.uk)
- The treatment of clinical entities like basilar invagination, Chiari formation, syringomyelia and myelopathy related to cervical spinal degeneration, spinal deformities, ossified posterior longitudinal ligament, and Hirayama disease can be influenced by the understanding of central or axial atlantoaxial instability. (e-neurospine.org)
- Two-year clinical and radiological outcomes of open-door cervical laminoplasty with prophylactic bilateral C4-5 foraminotomy in a prospective study. (jtfonline.com)
- Although CSM is a frequent cause of myelopathy, its natural history is not clear, the clinical and radiological diagnosis might be particularly difficult and approaches to treatments are not standardized nor based on evidence medicine. (neuro-la-cote.info)
- Posterior Cervical Endoscopic Laminoforaminotomy 37. (whsmith.co.uk)
- The invention discloses a posterior cervical vertebra plate clamp. (google.com)
- Among them, axial neck pain as a common complication after surgery, especially in patients undergoing multilevel anterior or posterior cervical decompression, severely threatens the physical and mental health and life quality of the patients. (springer.com)
- METHODS: Somatosensory evoked potential and transcranial electric motor evoked potential data recorded for 427 patients undergoing anterior or posterior cervical spine surgery between January 1999 and March 2001 were analyzed. (jefferson.edu)
- Seventy-four patients received posterior cervical decompression from 1998 to 2008. (biomedcentral.com)
- A superficial muscular layer in the posterior cervical approach is comprised of the trapezius and splenius capitis muscles. (orthopaedicsone.com)
- No major nerves are encountered in the posterior cervical approach. (orthopaedicsone.com)
- She did not have hyperostosis disease, such as ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament or diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- This midline sagittal bone window 2D-CT demonstrated spontaneous fusion at the C2-C3 level and from C4 downward, consistent with ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament and/or DISH (diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis). (surgicalneurologyint.com)
- My formal diagnosis (at least on paper) is cervical myelopathy . (eorthopod.com)
- Epstein N. Diagnosis and surgical management of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. (springer.com)
- Intraspinal tumours are a relatively uncommon cause of cervical myelopathy but must always be considered given the potentially catastrophic consequences of the diagnosis being missed. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- Preoperative diagnosis included myelopathy cases associated with cervical spondylosis in 52, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in 29, and multilevel disc herniation in 4 cases. (elsevier.com)
- Sometimes the symptoms seem very nonspecific and vague.The earlier the diagnosis of cervical myelopathy, the better is the treatment results. (spinesurgeon.in)
- Patients who come with symptoms of cervical myelopathy, the spine surgeon, will conduct a thorough examination and re-confirm the diagnosis. (spinesurgeon.in)
- 1 First reported by Key in 1838, it is an important diagnosis because of its potential to compress the spinal cord, accounting for nearly twenty-five percent of cases of cervical myelopathy. (radsource.us)
- It is generally accepted that in the setting of myelopathy, a shorter duration of symptoms before surgical intervention is associated with better neurological recovery, and this has been borne out in a number of studies [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Admission Neurological Cervical Spine Scale (NCSS) and mean rate (%) of improvement were compared between HBO and non-HBO group. (bestbets.org)
- Laminectomy and laminoplasty have been found to be effective treatment for multilevel CSM but are hindered by the complications of progressive cervical kyphosis, C5 nerve root palsy, axial neck pain, segmental instability, and associated postoperative neurological deterioration [ 2 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- therefore, we compared transcranial electric motor evoked potential and somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during cervical spine surgery to determine the temporal relationship between the changes in the potentials demonstrated by each type of monitoring and neurological sequelae and to identify patient-related and surgical factors associated with intraoperative neurophysiological changes. (jefferson.edu)
- However, wide laminectomy of the cervical spine sometimes caused early or late neurological deterioration (or both). (mitchmedical.us)
- Myelopathies are neurological disorders due to compression of the spinal cord. (amboss.com)
- Around 90% of patients with RA have cervical spine involvement with between 11% and 58% of these patients having neurological involvement. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- White cord syndrome (WCS) is a rare case of severe neurological deterioration after surgical decompression for cervical myelopathy. (bvsalud.org)
- There have been no reports on postoperative neurological deterioration caused by spinal cord herniation associated with a dural defect at the laminectomy site, without dural tear in the surgery after the resection of a posteriorly located cervical OYL. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Pain, Instability and catastrophic neurological deficit may be as a result of tumour processes in the cervical spine. (spinecarehk.com)
- There is currently no consensus on the best surgical treatment method for multilevel cervical spondylosis myelopathy (CSM). (hindawi.com)
- If there is multilevel cervical pathology and an adequately preserved cervical lordosis (curvature with the neck), a cervical laminectomy may provide adequate cord/root decompression. (surgicalneurologyint.com)
- Myelopathy secondary to a large multilevel cervical synovial cyst extending from C5 to C7. (spineuniverse.com)
- The satisfactory outcomes in this study indicate that the flanged TMC is an effective graft for cervical reconstruction. (bvsalud.org)
- The authors determined outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior fusion, combined anterior/posterior fusion, and laminoplasty procedures. (nih.gov)
- Ossified posterior longitudinal ligament: management strategies and outcomes. (semanticscholar.org)
- We found that anterior cervical decompression combined with high-frequency electrosurgical resection of the PLL assisted by the microscope can always attain good outcomes and minimal bleeding. (termedia.pl)
- Myelopathy treatment has the best outcomes if done before the appearance of the cord changes. (spinesurgeon.in)
- There was no statistical difference in myelopathy outcomes when comparing patients older and younger than 75 years of age. (elsevier.com)
- The pathogenesis of cervical spondylosis is age-related degeneration with loss of disc height and posterior or posterolateral disc herniation. (hindawi.com)
- As outlined above, the most common form of myelopathy is secondary to degeneration of the cervical spine. (wikipedia.org)
- However there have been studies showing that cervical disc replacement in the long term is more effective at preserving range of motion and decreasing degeneration at adjacent segments. (eorthopod.com)
- Are surgical interventions more cost-effective for my cervical degeneration than non-surgical techniques? (eorthopod.com)
- Several factors include degeneration of cervical spine, slipped disc, traumatic cervical spine injuries, and tumours that contribute to this. (spinesurgeon.in)
- Cervical Disc Prolapse or herniated nucleus pulposus and cervical degeneration (ageing) may cause spinal canal narrowing and pressure over the cervical spinal cord. (spinecarehk.com)
- Degeneration and head or neck injury may cause instability of the cervical spine. (spinecarehk.com)
- What are the most common symptoms of cervical myelopathy? (hss.edu)
- This can result in a transient improvement in the symptoms of cervical myelopathy. (hss.edu)
- The main aim of the cervical myelopathy treatment is to relieve the symptoms of cervical spinal cord area and also to remove the bone spurs or herniated discs. (spinesurgeon.in)
- The symptoms of cervical myelopathy vary from one person to another. (spinesurgeon.in)
- All the symptoms of cervical myelopathy involve a spectrum of disorders and they can give rise to ranging from complete incapacitation and loss of ability to walk to subtle loss of balance as the patient is walking. (spinesurgeon.in)
- A 63-year-old man presented to us with progressive symptoms of cervical myelopathy. (bvsalud.org)
- Lateral cervical spine radiograph of the patient. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of his cervical spine show multilevel degenerative changes. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Drawing of lateral cervical spine fracture showing a wedge fracture of C6 with posterior dislocation of C5 on C6. (wikibooks.org)
- A drawing of his lateral cervical (neck) x-ray is shown at right. (wikibooks.org)
- Cervical spine lateral radiography in neutral, flexion, and extension were taken before surgery and at 2-year follow-up. (elsevier.com)
- Posterior spinal decompression and fusion is done along with lateral mass or cervical pedicle screw fixation. (spinesurgeon.in)
- Instrumentation techniques like cervical pedicle screws, lateral mass screws in C1 and transarticular screws C1/C2 have become standard due to the application of image guidance. (readbyqxmd.com)
- The use of C1 lateral mass screws in complex cervical spine surgery: indications, techniques, and outcome in a prospective consecutive series of 25 cases. (jtfonline.com)
- Patients were examined with cervical lateral radiography before and after the operation to measure Cobb's angle and postoperatively to monitor bony fusion. (biomedcentral.com)
- The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for axial neck pain in patients undergoing multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion surgery. (springer.com)
- Overall, preoperative axial neck pain and kyphosis could predict axial neck pain for patients undergoing multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion surgery, and recovery of cervical kyphosis may contribute to the long-term recovery of neural function, but may also suffer from risk of short-term axial pain, which could be reduced through moderate cervical curvature recovery. (springer.com)
- SPINETONE is natural herbal oil without any chemicals or preservatives for application in the scalp for Cervical Spondylosis, Muscle Spasms, Neck pain and stiffness. (gurusgarden.com)
- Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), has been the gold standard for years. (eorthopod.com)
- The control group (46 cases) used single-segment Anterior Centrum Corpectomy Fusion (ACCF), whereas the observation group (62 cases) adopted twosegment Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion (ACDF). (alliedacademies.org)
- This study was designed to assess the benefits of PLL resection as a routine step in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgeries and to find out if there is any added risk of such a procedure that overweighs its benefits. (springeropen.com)
- This is a retrospective study conducted on 50 patients who underwent ACDF for treatment of degenerative cervical intervertebral disc disease with microscopic resection of the posterior longitudinal ligament. (springeropen.com)
- Cohort study of cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in a Korean populations: Demographics of prevalence, surgical treatment, and disability. (semanticscholar.org)
- It has currently become the standard surgical treatment for cervical spondylosis [11- (termedia.pl)
- Objective To explore surgical treatment of the cervical spinal cord compression. (cnki.com.cn)
- Methods From August 2003 to November 2008,30 cases of cervical spinal cord compression were treated in Beijing Yanqing Hospital and from December 2008 to September 2009,35 cases of cervical spinal cord compression were treated in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital with different kind of surgical treatment. (cnki.com.cn)
- Anteroposterior cervical spine radiograph of an 85-year-old man with a 4-month history of severe right upper extremity pain shows multilevel degenerative changes. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Degenerative changes in the cervical spine can cause severe cervical myelopathy. (chiropractic-in-malaysia.com)
- Degenerative changes of the lower cervical spine are more common and can cause more significant signs and symptoms in the affected region. (chiropractic-in-malaysia.com)
- Image-Guided Navigation for Cervical Spine Surgery 47. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Comparison of transcranial electric motor and somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during cervical spine surgery. (jefferson.edu)
- BACKGROUND: There has been little enthusiasm for somatosensory evoked potential monitoring in cervical spine surgery as a result, in part, of the increased risk of motor tract injury at this level, to which somatosensory monitoring may be insensitive. (jefferson.edu)
- CONCLUSIONS: Transcranial electric motor evoked potential monitoring appears to be superior to conventional somatosensory evoked potential monitoring for identifying evolving motor tract injury during cervical spine surgery. (jefferson.edu)
- and Albert, Todd J, "Comparison of transcranial electric motor and somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during cervical spine surgery. (jefferson.edu)
- Patients with disc hernia, ossification of the longitudinal ligament, tumors, rheumatoid arthritis, or a history of trauma and spine surgery were excluded. (biomedcentral.com)
- Anterior Cervical Discetomy and Fusion 31. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion and Hybrid Techniques 32. (whsmith.co.uk)
- What is the difference between an anterior cervical discectomy/fusion and a cervical disc replacement? (eorthopod.com)
- The cost-effectiveness ratio using these two measures was $35,976/QALYs for cervical disc replacement and $42,618/QALYs for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. (eorthopod.com)
- In this study, 88 patients, who underwent multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion surgery from January 2012 to January 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. (springer.com)
- Spondylitis presents with continuous ascending discovertebral osteitis (i.e., marginal syndesmophytes, Romanus lesion, Anderson lesion), facets and all spinal ligament inflammation and fusion with a late feature of "bamboo spine, trolley track, dagger sign," all indicating complete spinal ossification/fusion. (elpasobackclinic.com)
- 2019/12/21 · 2015 - 28 10 Two-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: An Outpatient Surgery? (jtfonline.com)
- Intraoperative spinal cord monitoring of C5 palsy after cervical laminoplasty: J Spinal Disord Tech, 233170-175, 2010 Surgical complications and management of occipitothoracic fusion for cervical destructive lesions in RA. (jtfonline.com)
- Anterior cervical decompression and bone graft fusion with titanium plate fixation or cervical artificial disc replacement are suitable for one-two-disc hernia. (cnki.com.cn)
- We had the C3/4 anterior cervical disectomy and fusion as we planned. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Various upper cervical injuries will require spine stabilization and fusion techniques. (spinecarehk.com)
- We can perform various types of fusion surgeries for any form of upper cervical spine injury or disorder. (spinecarehk.com)
- Lower or subaxial cervical spine injuries again can cause problems, these can be treated using modern fusion techniques. (spinecarehk.com)
- Foreword by: Madjid Samii, Founder and President International Neuroscience Institute, Feb 2015 Accurately handle complex situations with image-guided techniques for the management of cervical spine pathology, as well as helpful information on patient management and surgical decision making. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Causative degenerative pathology include disc prolapses, osteophyte formation or ligament hypertrophy. (springer.com)
- Hypertrophy of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Ossification of the Dura Mater As a cause of compression myelopathy, hypertrophy of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) is also important. (mitchmedical.us)
- Approaches to the Upper Cervical Spine 3. (whsmith.co.uk)
- There are many different surgical options and a multitude of different procedures have been described using both the anterior and posterior approaches to the cervical spine. (hindawi.com)
- The decision to have surgery via the different approaches will depend on where the compression of your spinal cord is as well as the overall alignment of the cervical spine and finally, patient factors. (hss.edu)
- Surgeries using both anterior and posterior approaches have been developed with the goal of decompressing the spinal cord and restoring the stability of the cervical spine. (hindawi.com)
- However, to our knowledge, few studies have reported the efficacy of any surgical approaches on headache associated with cervical spondylosis. (beds.ac.uk)
- Anterior approaches include: discectomy without or with bone graft, cervical instrumentation. (neuro-la-cote.info)
- Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: Surgical Approaches and Associated Complications. (jefferson.edu)
- a thick strong ligament attached to the dorsal surfaces of the vertebral bodies, extending from the occipital bone to the coccyx. (thefreedictionary.com)
- 3) The posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) is a low-signal, linear structure along the posterior portion of the vertebral body and the disks. (thefreedictionary.com)
- 17 This rarity of posterior migration is because of the pattern of attachment (septum posticum) of posterior longitudinal ligament to vertebral bodies. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Selection of 34 patients from 114 patients with cervical spinal cord injury, who sustained hyperextension spinal cord injury with no bone damage and no previous history of vertebral or cord disease were selected. (bestbets.org)
- O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a Mielopatia Espondilótica Cervical, uma afecção da coluna vertebral causada por alterações ósseas, ligamentares e discais, que resultam na compressão medular, desencadeando a degeneração progressiva da medula, e descrever possíveis intervenções fisioterapêuticas. (scielo.br)
- Los objetivo de este artículo son presentar la mielopatía espondilótica cervical, una afección de la columna vertebral causada por alteraciones óseas, ligamentos y discales, que resultan en la compresión medular, desencadenando la degeneración progresiva de la médula y describir posibles intervenciones fisioterapéuticas. (scielo.br)
- Laminoplasty is not recommended for patients with kyphotic deformity, instability of the affected segment, spinal pathologies like cervical disc disease or traumatic vertebral body fracture with canal compression. (spinehealthlife.com)
- The anterior portion of the spine consists of cylindrical vertebral bodies separated by intervertebral disks and held together by the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments. (doctorlib.info)
- Cervical corpectomies are indicated for pathologies involving the ventral cervical spine, especially when the compressive lesion would not be addressed by completing a discectomy above and below the vertebral body. (ijssurgery.com)
- Ossification of this ligament which runs behind the vertebral body and in from of the spinal canal may cause canal narrowing and cervical spinal cord compression. (spinecarehk.com)
- These changes in the cervical spine produce narrowing of the spinal canal itself, leading to thickening of the posterior longitudinal ligament and bone spur (osteophyte) formation compressing the spinal cord, most commonly at the C4-C7 levels. (spine-health.com)
- Cervical myelopathy is a condition caused by narrowing of the spinal canal leading to cord dysfunction. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- Discogenic disease may cause myelopathy in the acute setting as a large central soft disc herniation causing cord compression. (boneandjoint.org.uk)
- With regard to surgical treatments for free cervical disc herniation, hypertrophic posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) cervical spondylosis, and PLL ossification, more researchers advocate that the PLL should be resected during anterior cervical decompression to improve the curative effect [3- (termedia.pl)
- Disc herniation or slip disc in the neck is another common cause for cervical myelopathy. (chiropractic-in-malaysia.com)