The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
The spinal or vertebral column.
The first cervical vertebra.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Pain during the period after surgery.
Fields of science encompassing studies and research from the disciplines of PHYSICS; CHEMISTRY; BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; and MATHEMATICS; that are related to the planet EARTH. Subfields include atmospheric chemistry; CLIMATOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GEOGRAPHY; GEOLOGY; geophysics; METEOROLOGY; OCEANOGRAPHY; PALEONTOLOGY; mineralogy; and seismology.
A principality in the Pyrenees between France and Spain. Its capital is also called Andorra. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p50)
A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer's body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.
A defense mechanism operating unconsciously, in which the individual attempts to justify or make consciously tolerable, by plausible means, feelings, behavior, and motives that would otherwise be intolerable.
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.
The bones of the upper and lower LEG. They include the PELVIC BONES.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
Osteitis or caries of the vertebrae, usually occurring as a complication of tuberculosis of the lungs.
Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
Diseases characterized by loss or dysfunction of myelin in the central or peripheral nervous system.
A group of inherited diseases that share similar phenotypes but are genetically diverse. Different genetic loci for autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, and x-linked forms of hereditary spastic paraplegia have been identified. Clinically, patients present with slowly progressive distal limb weakness and lower extremity spasticity. Peripheral sensory neurons may be affected in the later stages of the disease. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Jan;64(1):61-6; Curr Opin Neurol 1997 Aug;10(4):313-8)
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
USE - For the surgical rectification of cervical spine irregularities, partic. the removal of osteophytes. ... Instruments for decompression of cervical narrow spinal channel - act to remove dorsal edge points of vertebrae and ventral ... Instruments for decompression of cervical narrow spinal channel - act to remove dorsal edge points of vertebrae and ventral ... Instruments for decompression of cervical narrow spinal channel - act to remove dorsal edge points of vertebrae and ventral ...
Short, dorsal spines on first six cervical vertebrae. Seventh cervical vertebrae: - long dorsal spine - transverse foramens. ... More lumbar vertebrae Fewer sacral vertebrae. More coccygeal vertebrae (long "tail bone"). Centralized spine. Short pelvis ... Curved sacrum with short dorsal spines. Hind limbs longer than forelimbs. Femur:. - Condyles equal in size. - Knock-kneed - ...
Abbreviations: ce, cervical vertebrae; co, coracoid; cv, caudal vertebrae; dr, dorsal ribs; fe, femur; fi, fibula; fr, frontal ... The vomer is caudally forked with broadly expanded dorsal flanges, reminiscent of the condition in nonavian theropods, ... is likely due to the mediolaterally expanded sheet present on the dorsal surface of the cranial portion of the vomer in these ... whereas the caudal flanges each have a triangular leaflike process on the dorsal surface which is not visible in 2D. This ...
The typical vertebrae. (A, typical cervical vertebra; B, typical thoracic or dorsal vertebra; C, typical lumbar vertebra). - ... Figure 2-19. The typical vertebrae. (A, typical cervical vertebra; B, typical thoracic or ... Differentiating Characteristics of Typical Vertebrae by Regions - Anatomy for X-Ray Specialists. ...
Epipophyses on cervical vertebrae. * Deltopectoral crest distally projected. * Manual digit IV with three or fewer phalanges. * ... Ectopterygoid dorsal to transverse flange of pterygoid. * Temporal musculature extended anteriorly onto skull roof. * ... least three sacral vertebrae; perforated acetabulum; , , presence of brevis shelf on ilium; astragalar ascending , , process ... At least three sacral vertebrae. * Perforate acetabulum. * Presence of brevis shelf on the lateroventral side of the ...
Other: translational dorsal glide mobilization technique grade III. *Other: pressure maintained suboccipital Inhibition ... Computer Modelling of the Cervical Spine Movements in Cervical Dystonia. *Cervical Dystonia, Primary ... Cervical Disc at Two Contiguous Levels in the Cervical Spine. *Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease ... Cervical Spine Thrust Joint Manipulation for Temporomandibular Disorder. *Temporomandibular Disorder. *Other: Cervical Spine ...
A) articulated cervical vertebrae three to five. (B) cervical vertebra 7. (C) articulated dorsal vertebrae four to seven ( ... There are ten cervical and 13 dorsal vertebrae. Cervical vertebrae are short and stout, with flat anterior and concave ... which have deep ventral keels in posterior cervical and anterior dorsal vertebrae15,16. The mid-cervical vertebrae have a ... G) last two cervical vertebrae and centrum of first dorsal vertebra in left lateral view. Abbreviations: aof, antorbital ...
... dorsal vertebrae explanation free. What is dorsal vertebrae? Meaning of dorsal vertebrae medical term. What does dorsal ... Looking for online definition of dorsal vertebrae in the Medical Dictionary? ... odontoid vertebra the second cervical vertebra, or axis.. vertebra pla´na a condition of spondylitis in which the body of the ... dorsal vertebrae thoracic vertebrae.. false vertebrae those vertebrae that normally fuse with adjoining segments: the sacral ...
... cervical vertebrae 7-10; several posterior cervical ribs; several anterior dorsal vertebrae; most mid and posterior dorsal ... vertebrae; several dorsal ribs; the fifth sacral vertebrae; three chevrons; many partial and complete caudal vertebrae and ... When the type specimen was discovered, several long cervical ribs, of a supposed prosauropod dinosaur were found in the mouth ...
... and rotates cervical vertebrae; nerve supply, dorsal branches of upper thoracic nerves. ... transverse processes of middle cervical vertebrae; action, extends, abducts, ... Synonym(s): musculus iliocostalis cervicis/colliTA, cervical iliocostal muscle, cervicalis ascendens1, musculus cervicalis ...
There was pain upon pressure throughout the cervical and dorsal vertebrae ; and pressure.... Appears in 10 books from 1825-1858 ... tendon terminates thigh thumb tibia tion toes torso transverse trapezius triangular trunk tuberosity ulna upper vertebrae ... chin collar bone concave condyle convex corresponding cotyloid cavity cranium crest cubital curved deltoid depression dorsal ...
The specimen also includes several cervical, dorsal, sacral, and caudal vertebrae; several chevrons; some cervical and dorsal ... At the time of discovery, a complete cervical (neck vertebrae) series for Tyrannosaurus was not previously known, so it was ... Also, two of the cervical vertebrae are fused, and another has additional bone growth. This could have been caused by another ... He attributes the difference to the awkward spacing the mounted skeleton shows between its cervical vertebrae and its cranium.[ ...
... dorsal, sacral, and caudal vertebrae; cervical ribs; and a badly-preserved pubis. Motta and colleagues recognized that this ... Based on comparisons with Carnotaurus and Majungasaurus, the dorsal vertebrae of Tralkasaurus originated from the mid-to-rear ... The large transverse processes of the caudal vertebrae, which originated from the front of the tail, are typically abelisaurid ... A ridge between them, the dorsal paradiapophyseal lamina, is also shallow and relatively low, unlike the strongly-developed ...
... lacks cervical and anterior dorsal vertebrae, and cannot be assessed. Caudipterids are also nested among a group of theropods ... has posterior cervical vertebrae are nearly the same size as the Ashdown vertebra, but bear pneumatic foramina (which continue ... shows that the Ashdown maniraptoran vertebra is a posterior cervical: that is, a vertebra from near the base of the neck. ... On first seeing the vertebra, I was struck by the X-like shape of the neural arch (as seen in dorsal view), the large ...
... cervical vertebra, ZIN PH 671/16; D, cervical vertebra, USNM (National Museum of Natural History) 538131; E, dorsal neural arch ... dorsal vertebra, CCMGE (Chernyshevs Central Museum of Geological Exploration) 432/12457; G, anterior caudal vertebra, ZIN PH ... E) Dorsal view. (F) Ventral view. Endocast in (G) anterior view, (H) posterior view, (I) right lateral view, (J) left lateral ... 951/16; H, middle caudal vertebra, ZIN PH 120/16; I, distal caudal vertebra, ZIN PH 507/16; J, pedal ungual, USNM 538167; K, ...
The first thoracic dorsal vertebra (Fig. 4J-K) is very similar to the last cervical vertebra. It can be distinguished by its ... All the cervical vertebrae have the neural spine broken off. The cervical vertebrae develop hypapophyses with a slight sagittal ... These diapophyses show a gradual evolution from the more anterior cervical vertebrae to the more posterior cervical vertebrae, ... 3 cervical and 7 dorsal vertebrae; 2 cervical and 6 thoracic ribs; left coracoid, left and right ulnae, left and right radii, ...
... and posterior cervical vertebrae, but not in the anteriormost vertebrae.. Dorsal vertebrae of Apatosaurus bear a ... vertebrae, are morphological intermediates between the cervical vertebrae they follow and the dorsal vertebrae they precede. In ... In dorsal vertebrae, the space occupied by the sdf in cervical vertebrae is bisected by the spdl to form a prsdf and posdf. ... In the 17th presacral vertebra, which is either the last cervical or the first dorsal vertebra, the sprl terminates at the base ...
Approach to Cervical Vertebrae 1 and 2 Through a Ventral Incision. Approach to Cervical Vertebrae 1 and 2 Through a Dorsal ... Approach to the Midcervical Vertebrae Through a Dorsal Incision. Approach to Cervical Vertebrae 3 to 6 Through a Lateral ... Approach to Lumbar Vertebra 7 and the Sacrum Through a Dorsal Incision. Approach to Lumbar Vertebrae 6 and 7, and the Sacrum ... Approach to the Caudal Cervical and Cranial Thoracic Vertebrae Through a Dorsal Incision. Approach to the Thoracolumbar ...
... cut interior of the second or third thoracic vertebra; posterior of the atlas joint (first cervical vertebra); and dorsal of ... The blade bone (scapula) and the dorsal fat covering, including the skin (clear plate), are removed, leaving no more than one- ...
Transverse process of cervical vertebrae. What does the dorsal scapular nerve innervate?. The rhomboids and the levator ... Origin: transverse process of cervical vertebrae Insertion: ribs. What is the origin of the sternocleidomastoid?. The mastoid ...
Cervical vertebrae have a well developed system of laminae and cavities. Centra of the dorsal vertebrae opisthocoelous have ... This skeleton consists of three cervical vertebrae, four dorsal vertebrae, several ribs, the left scapula, the distal end of ... The dorsal vertebrae from the middle part of the dorsal series have hourglass-shaped centra and a dorsal depression on the ... The Chinese sauropods have cervical vertebrae that are much more flattened transversally. The posterior cervical vertebrae of ...
Dorsal root contains neuronal somata forming a ganglion (dorsal root ganglion, DRG) • Hidden between vertebrae; between the ... Spinal cord is divided in relation to the vertebrae. - Comprises cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral divisions • Varies in ... Dorsal And Ventral Roots:. • Each spinal nerve formed by dorsal and ventral roots - Dorsal root = sensory axons (not part of ... One branch enters dorsal horn via dorsal root • Some cranial nerves have cranial nerve ganglia (equivalent in function to DRGs) ...
Dorsal deviation of the dens 9 Modified ventral approach to cervical vertebrae Benefit. Who reported it? ... Dorsal atlantoaxial: dorsal arch of atlas to cranial dorsal spine of axis ... Compression of a cervical nerve root. Present as TL lameness. Can be seen in 22-50% of dogs with cervical IVDD ... Cervical Vertebral Stenosis Associated with a Vertebral Arch Anomaly in the Basset Hound. J Vet Intern Med. 2012 Sep 14;26(6): ...
The dorsal ribs are not fused or tightly attached to their vertebrae, instead being loosely articulated.[8] Ten dorsal ribs are ... The caudal vertebra number was noted to vary, even within a species. The cervical vertebrae were stouter than other diplodocids ... "Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week. Retrieved 2015-06-18.. *^ "Did You Ever Think Youd See The Day? The Brontosaurus Exists ... the first specimen of Apatosaurus where a skull was found articulated with its cervical vertebrae was described. This specimen ...
Abbreviations: cd, caudal vertebrae; d, dorsal vertebra; L3, third lateral (cervical spike) osteoderm; L10, tenth lateral ( ... Dorsal Vertebrae-Portions of two anterior dorsal centra are visible in ventral view (Fig. 4A), and the last dorsal vertebra is ... cervical vertebrae; d1-2, dorsal vertebrae 1 and 2; f, femora; fi, fibula; g, gastralia; icl, interclavicle; il, ilia; is, ... In ventral view P-56299 preserves all or part of five cervical vertebrae and ribs (but not the atlas-axis complex), two dorsal ...
... dorsal explanation free. What is digital arteries of foot, dorsal? Meaning of digital arteries of foot, dorsal medical term. ... What does digital arteries of foot, dorsal mean? ... dorsal in the Medical Dictionary? digital arteries of foot, ... ascending cervical artery. A small branch of the inferior thyroid artery; it runs up along the cervical vertebrae and provides ... cervical artery. The ascending cervical, the deep cervical, the superficial cervical, or the transverse cervical artery. ...
Cervical vertebrae- Vertebrae of the neck.. Epidural space- This space lies between the dura mater and the walls of the ... At each level, two nerve roots (dorsal or posterior carrying ingoing nerve impulses; ventral or anterior carrying outgoing ... Cervical vertebrae -Vertebrae of the neck.. Epidural space -This space lies between the dura mater and the walls of the ... The uppermost emerges between the skull and the uppermost cervical vertebra; the rest emerge between two adjacent vertebrae, ...
Vertebral level: cervical = 1, dorsal = 2, lumbar = 3. * Number of vertebrae involved: ,2 = 1, ⩽2 = 2 ... Sensation of pinprick was reduced in 18 patients (level: dorsal = 12, cervical = 2, lumbar = 4) and gibbus was present in 17 ... On MRI, a single vertebra was involved in five patients, two vertebrae in 27 and three verterbrae in 11 patients. Soft tissue ... In Potts paraplegia, the pathology begins in the anterior portion of the body of the vertebra, and, later, involvement of the ...
... and vertebra prominens (C7) are considered atypical cervical vertebrae. The atlas (C1) lacks a body or spinous process. It has ... Of the cervical vertebrae, the atlas (C1), axis (C2) ... dorsal columns * fasiculus gracilis (column of Goll). * ... Of the cervical vertebrae, the atlas (C1), axis (C2) and vertebra prominens (C7) are considered atypical cervical vertebrae. ... The vertebra prominens (C7) has the longest spinous process of all cervical vertebrae. It is also non-bifid. These features ...
For a basic anatomic description of the structure a generic vertebra, see vertebrae... ... Of the seven cervical vertebrae, C3 through C6 have typical anatomy, while C7 looks very similar. C1 (atlas) and C2 (axis) have ... Cervical Vertebrae. Cited Mar 2017. ... dorsal columns * fasiculus gracilis (column of Goll). * fasiculus cuneatus (column of Burdach) ...
  • The five sacral vertebrae are fused to form the sacrum, and the four coccygeal vertebrae are fused to form the coccyx. (
  • right humerus, three partial presacral vertebrae and three sacral vertebrae. (
  • There are typically 7 cervical vertebrae (C1-C7), 12 thoracic vertebrae (D1-D12), five lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5), five sacral vertebrae, and four coccygeal vertebrae. (
  • The vertebral column usually consists of 33 vertebrae: 24 presacral vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, and 5 lumbar) followed by the sacrum (5 fused sacral vertebrae) and the coccyx (4 frequently fused coccygeal vertebrae). (
  • Bony parts of the back between the dorsal and sacral vertebrae. (
  • thoracic vertebrae the twelve vertebrae between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae, giving attachment to the ribs and forming part of the posterior wall of the thorax. (
  • Among non-volant ornithodirans, axial pneumaticity is perhaps best developed in sauropod dinosaurs, in which pneumatic diverticulae leave their traces in postatlantal vertebrae and ribs, but apparently not chevrons ( Fig. 1 ). (
  • The dorsal ribs are not fused or tightly attached to their vertebrae, instead being loosely articulated. (
  • [8] Ten dorsal ribs are on either side of the body. (
  • Unambiguously assignable to the genus Macrocnemus , it evinces particularly gracile elongated cervical ribs, as well as a humerus/radius ratio that is comparable only to that of M. fuyuanensis from southern China. (
  • Protorosaurs are a group of archosauromorph reptiles characterized by their elongated cervical vertebrae and concomitantly elongated cervical ribs that frequently extend posteriorly across more than one intervertebral joint so that they form bundles of rib shafts. (
  • from a single fossil specimen consisting of a partial skeleton including vertebra , ribs, hips, and upper legs. (
  • Thoracic vertebrae in all mammalian species are defined as those vertebrae that also carry a pair of ribs , and lie caudal to the cervical vertebrae . (
  • Further caudally follow the lumbar vertebrae , which also belong to the trunk, but do not carry ribs. (
  • In reptiles, all trunk vertebrae carry ribs and are called dorsal vertebrae. (
  • In many species, though not in mammals, the cervical vertebrae bear ribs. (
  • The transverse processes of mammals are homologous to the cervical ribs of other amniotes. (
  • There may be from 11 ( Ambystoma talpoideum ) to 60 ( Amphiuma ) dorsal, or trunk, vertebrae, all but the last 1 or 2 usually bearing ribs. (
  • In addition to the transverse and spinous processes, which serve as short levers, the 12 thoracic vertebrae are connected by joints with paired, long levers, namely the ribs. (
  • Dr Ida Rolf in her book, points out very clearly how shortness in the recti pulls down the ribs, leading to strain in the cervical spine, neck problems and often Dowager's Hump. (
  • Each is provided with a pair of ribs, closely resembling those found in the cervical region in the crocodile, but with a single articular head only. (
  • but, as none of the ribs join the sternum, the usual means of dis-tinguishing the dorsal and cervical regions is wanting. (
  • The sacrum consists of two vertebrae, with stout broad ribs for attachment to the iliac bones. (
  • Endennasaurs is represented by two specimens, the holotype (5170, Bergamo Museum of Natural Sciences), exposed from the ventral side and lacking the left posterior limb and almost the entire tail, and a second specimen (paratype MBSN 27 in the same collection) exposed from the dorsal side and consisting of few dorsal vertebrae and ribs, part of the pelvic girdle, the right femur and the complete tail. (
  • Bony parts supporting the ribs between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae. (
  • The invention relates to an instrument for retrograde decompression of the cervical spinal canal narrow and serves to relieve the spinal cord in the neck spondylogenen mark damage. (
  • The presence of a rather large hypapophysis, combined with the position of the parapophyses (low down on the centrum), shows that the Ashdown maniraptoran vertebra is a posterior cervical: that is, a vertebra from near the base of the neck. (
  • There are seven cervical (neck) vertebrae, 12 thoracic (high back), five lumbar (low back), five sacral (near the base of the spine), and four coccygeal (at the base). (
  • cervical vertebrae the upper seven vertebrae, constituting the skeleton of the neck. (
  • The neck was long, and its vertebrae were hollow, and very light. (
  • located between the first neck vertebra and the skull-were found in articulation with the skull. (
  • On the side of the neck the superficial or investing layer of cervical fascia has been preserved together with the nerves, blood vessels and lymph nodes that lie external to it. (
  • The complexity pattern indicates that stress increased proximally along the neck, was greatest in the anterior dorsal vertebrae, and then decreased towards the sacrum. (
  • The cervical vertebrae are located in the neck. (
  • The seven vertebrae of the neck are characterized by an opening in each transverse process known as a foramen transversarium. (
  • The holotype specimen (NLMH 106.058) is an almost complete skull and cervical (neck) series. (
  • extends cervical (neck) and thoracic (back) vertebrae. (
  • lumbar vertebrae the five vertebrae between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum. (
  • vertebra mag´na the sacrum. (
  • 4. Sacral region (buttocks, Sacrum or gluteal) 5 vertebrae. (
  • If it does belong to Paluxysaurus then it suggests that the dorsal vertebrae get shorter towards the sacrum like they do in brachiosaurs. (
  • USE - For the surgical rectification of cervical spine irregularities, partic. (
  • Also searched for Cervical spine . (
  • D)-Probable eighth caudal vertebra in lateral view with anterior view of the neural spine. (
  • Filbert, C.G.: Chordoma of the cervical spine: A case report with a brief review of the literature. (
  • A lateral view of the spine divided into its cervical, dorsal, and lumbar portions. (
  • The spine is a flexible and flexious column made up of a series of bones called vertebrae. (
  • 3 . A method of treating the spine as in claim 1 , wherein the lumen extends at least as far as the L4 vertebrae. (
  • the dorsal and abdominal fins move only with the spine. (
  • The spine consists of three vertebral columns, including the cervical vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, and thoracic vertebrae. (
  • The lowest portion of the spine consists of the lumbar vertebrae. (
  • Each vertebra is larger than the one above it, increasing in diameter as they run the length of the spine. (
  • The cervical spine consists of seven vertebrae and is located at the base of the skull. (
  • It commonly, is endured by the bones of the spine and may be caused when the anterior portion of the vertebra collapses while standing or sitting, or as a result of advanced osteoporosis. (
  • The Cervical Spine: An atlas of normal anatomy and the morbid anatomy of ageing and injuries is a unique collection of more than 150 anatomical images documenting the development, maturation and ageing of the cervical spine and pathologies associated with ageing and injury. (
  • Representing the extensive research conducted by Professor James Taylor into the cervical spine gathered from his study of 266 autopsies over almost a decade, this text is a guide to support the clinical diagnosis of cervical spine trauma and pain. (
  • Online Image Library The entire collection of more than 150 images with annotations, extracted from The Cervical Spine: An atlas of normal anatomy and the morbid anatomy of ageing and injuries - an ideal supplement to enhance teaching, study or practice. (
  • Cervical vertebrae - lower left are the atlas & axis (it's odontoid process is broken off, but note the large neural spine). (
  • An elongate elliptical foramen with a sharp-edged rim is present on the right lateral surface of the centrum of the third preserved dorsal ( figure 1 d ). (
  • adult salamanders, but usually the intercentral remnants of the notochord are pressed out of existence by the forward growth of the centrum behind it, so that in the adult each vertebra is only concave behind (opisthocoelous). (
  • Body or centrum ( corpus vertebrae ) is a cylindrical mass on the anterior side of the vertebra. (
  • This pattern could result from the greater mechanical advantage of an elongate cervical centrum in resisting torsion relative to a short dorsal centrum and the greater mechanical advantage of wide dorsal transverse processes in generating torsion. (
  • The posterior dorsal vertebra has quite a short centrum. (
  • Thoracic vertebrae - look for the rib attachments on the transverse processes & centrum (not always easily visible on these small vertebrae). (
  • true vertebrae those segments of the vertebral column that normally remain unfused throughout life: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae. (
  • On physical examination, a malformed accessory extremity, resembling a rudimentary structure like a tiny arm, was attached to the back, in the upper-dorsal region of the vertebral column (Figures 1(a) and 1(b) ). (
  • In the vertebral column of Lacerta agilis , there are eight cervical, twenty-two thoracicolumbar, two sacral and a large but inconstant number of caudal vertebrae. (
  • The 24 presacral vertebrae allow movement and hence render the vertebral column flexible. (
  • The adult vertebral column presents four anteroposterior curvatures: thoracic and sacral, both concave anteriorly, and cervical and lumbar, both concave posteriorly (fig. 39-1 ). (
  • Six anterior dorsal vertebrae are preserved in close association, although the first two are partially obscured by overlying elements. (
  • A partial dorsal rib is associated with the most anterior of the preserved dorsal vertebrae. (
  • The various cervical vertebrae possess distinguishing features, though, with the exception of the first, second, and seventh, which are so different as to necessitate separate descriptions, these are largely confined to the direction of the costo-transverse lamella, and the size and level of the anterior and posterior tubercles. (
  • Anterior surfaces of all vertebrae face forward or to the left. (
  • Atlas - 1st cervical vertebra of large ungulate, anterior view. (
  • vertebra denta´ta the second cervical vertebra, or axis. (
  • odontoid vertebra the second cervical vertebra, or axis. (
  • The atlas and axis are peculiar in that the first and second spinal nerves issue behind the articular processes, whereas the remaining spinal nerves emerge in front of the articular facets of the vertebrae. (
  • The C1 vertebra, which supports the skull, is termed the atlas, and C2, which serves as a pivot for the atlas, is termed the axis. (
  • Human vertebrae - showing atlas, axis above, thoracic vertebrae in lower left & lumbar vertebrae in lower right. (
  • Axis - 2nd cervical vertebra of large ungulate, lateral view. (
  • three cervical vertebrae and two posterior presacral vertebrae. (
  • To better understand this relationship in sauropods, sutural complexity was measured from the articulated presacral vertebrae of Spinophorosaurus nigerensis, and patterns of gross morphology were observed. (
  • Seymouriamorphs had a relatively short trunk (24 to 28 presacral vertebrae) and stout limbs. (
  • The species is distinguished by rugose dorsal contacts on the premaxillae for the nasals, laterally projecting postorbital horncores, fully fused and anteriorly curled P1 and P2 epiparietals, and a posterodorsally projecting P3 epiparietal. (
  • Thaumatodracon has two unique characters (autapomorphies): a pronounced pit on the posterior margin of the dorsal ramus of the squamosal, and a paired anteriorly tapering triangular basioccipital processes, although it is possible these are taphonomic artefacts. (
  • Brontosaurus , like its close relative Apatosaurus , had tall spines on its vertebrae, which made up more than half the height of the individual bones. (
  • Caudal Vertebrae have tiny neural canals, reduced neural spines & transverse processes, reduced zygapophyses. (
  • Identifications made on the basis of single bones can very occasionally be horribly, horribly wrong (one personal example: a cervical vertebra that I identified as oviraptorosaurian (Naish & Martill 2002) now seems to be from an abelisauroid), but they can often be made with confidence if the material is good enough, and if it preserves the required informative bits of anatomy. (
  • Of the seven cervical vertebrae , C3 through C6 have typical anatomy , while C7 looks very similar. (
  • Bergman R, Afifi A, Miyauchi R. Anatomy Atlases - Cervical Vertebrae. (
  • nerve supply, dorsal branches of upper thoracic nerves. (
  • What does the dorsal scapular nerve innervate? (
  • The sensory nerves enter the dorsal horn where they make connections with nerve cells that travel to the brain. (
  • Both this and the nerve cord dorsal to it are enclosed in tubes of mesodermal connective tissue which are continuous with the fibrous myocom- mata between the myotomes. (
  • The arches of the fourth and fifth cervical vertebrae have been cut away to expose the roots, ganglion and dorsal ramus of the fifth cervical nerve. (
  • The abbreviations C., T., L., S., and Co. are used for the regions, and these are sometimes followed by V. for vertebra or N. for nerve. (
  • When vertebra are in their anatomical position, notches between adjacent pedicles form intervertebral foramina, each of which typically transmitsneural structures including a spinal ganglion and a ventral root of a spinal nerve. (
  • The first cervical nerve emerges between the skull and the atlas, and cervical nerves C2 to 7 continue to leave the vertebral canal above the correspondingly numbered vertebrae. (
  • One claims the main cause of back pain is one of the vertebrae is out of alignment pinching a nerve. (
  • The vertebrae support the body and provide the protective bony corridor (the spinal or vertebral canal ) through which the spinal cord passes. (
  • There was no connection with any bony structure, such as the cervical vertebrae or skull. (
  • If a vertebra from the tail of a bony fish like the herring be ex- amined, it will be seen to have a ventral (haemal) arch surrounding the caudal blood-vessels and corresponding to the dorsal or neural arch which is also present. (
  • The arches of the vertebrae form a hollow cylinder or a bony covering or a passage for the spinal cord. (
  • Bony parts located between the lumbar and caudal vertebrae and with which the pelvis articulates. (
  • through the middle of each cervical, dorsal, lumbar and sacral vertebra and through the middle of the sternum and the ischiopubic symphysis. (
  • third cervical vertebra (C3), can be used to show the markings found on the other four. (
  • false vertebrae those vertebrae that normally fuse with adjoining segments: the sacral and coccygeal vertebrae. (
  • 5. Coccygeal region (imperfect vertebrae Coccyx) 4 vertebrae. (
  • It articulates with the inferior articular facet on the vertebra above. (
  • The inferior articular facet makes contact with the superior articular facet on the cervical vertebra above. (
  • A typical vertebra consists of (1) a body and (2) a vertebral arch, which has several processes (articular, transverse, and spinous) for articular and muscular attachments. (
  • The holotype, VF 1, consists of a very elongated cervical vertebra , probably the fifth. (
  • The holotype specimen, laid out in dorsal view. (
  • B)-Fifth cervical vertebra in lateral view. (
  • C)-Eighth dorsal vertebra in lateral view with two cross-sections from a µCT scan. (
  • Tylosaurus proriger , dorsal and left lateral view of skull. (
  • Cervical 9 is illustrated in the description but is only shown in top view so I have had to guess what it looks like in lateral view, I used top view illustrations from Giraffatitian to estimate the overall proportions of the complete cervical. (
  • Lateral view of a thoracic vertebrae from a large ungulate. (
  • Sudden illness when pressing on dorsal vertebr , with jerks in muscles of nape and of back, with throwing back of the head while the trunk is upright, the illness agg. (
  • The spinal column extends from the first vertebra, Atlas bone, to the end of the trunk. (
  • Sutures between the neural arches with the centra of the vertebrae were more complex in the front part of the trunk of Spinophorosaurus , since stresses were probably greatest in that region. (
  • The inferior surface, on the contrary, projects downward in front and is rounded off at the sides to receive the corresponding lips of the adjacent vertebra. (
  • vertebra ) are those vertebrae immediately inferior to the skull. (
  • Inferior view of a cervical vertebra - test yourself. (
  • The seventh thoracic vertebra (T7) is located in the mid to lower dorsal area at the inferior angle of the scapula (shoulder blade). (
  • For a basic anatomic description of the structure of a generic vertebra, see vertebrae . (
  • On first seeing the vertebra, I was struck by the X-like shape of the neural arch (as seen in dorsal view), the large hypapophysis (a prominent keel located on the midline of the ventral surface) and the presence of fossae on the sides of the neural arch. (
  • The X-like shape of the neural arch gives the vertebra an oviraptorosaur-like appearance, and various other features are consistent with such an identification. (
  • Cervical Vertebral Stenosis Associated with a Vertebral Arch Anomaly in the Basset Hound. (
  • Vertebral arch ( arcus vertebrae ) is made up of two pedicles, two laminae, and a spinous process. (
  • Vertebral arch of a cervical vertibra. (
  • Pedicle of the vertebral arch ( pediculus arcus vertebrae ) is a posterior extension from the lateral side of the body. (
  • Lamina of the vertebral arch ( lamina archus vertebrae ) is a plate of bone that extends from the pedicle. (
  • The two laminae form the dorsal portions of the vertebral arch. (
  • The sutural structures are oriented to resist anteroposterior translation of the neural arch in cervical vertebrae and lateral rotation in dorsal vertebrae. (
  • The atlantal (first cervical) arch and pleurocentrum were paired. (
  • Referring to FIG. 2, a top elevation view of seventh cervical vertebra C7 is shown. (
  • Dowager's Hump is the body's attempt to alleviate the strain on the seventh cervical and first dorsal vertebrae by building up the flesh. (
  • The first named fossil specimen which can be attributed to Tyrannosaurus rex consists of two partial vertebrae (one of which has been lost) found by Edward Drinker Cope in 1892. (
  • A dorsal view of the skull of the type specimen of Halisaurus (Clidastes) sternbergi . (
  • initially assigned the specimen, consisting of a single partial large cervical vertebra , as a new species of Ornithostoma, O. orientalis. (
  • Dorsal view of the skull of a juvenile postmetamorphic specimen of Discosauriscus austriacus showing the dermal sculpturing that characterizes relatively mature seymouriamorphs. (
  • such a vertebra is spoken of as amphicoelous and with one exception is always found in fishes which have centra. (
  • 6. Three or more sacral (located near the pelvis) vertebrae. (
  • Opossum - note the epipubic bones on pelvis and the tiny "chevron" bones enclosing the hemal canals on the caudal vertebrae. (
  • The costo-transverse foramen is very characteristic of a cervical vertebra. (
  • The vertebral foramen is triangular with rounded angles, and is larger than in the thoracic or lumbra vertebrae. (
  • In humans, cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the true vertebrae, and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar regions by the presence of a foramen (hole) in each transverse process, through which passes the vertebral artery. (
  • Transverse foramen of the cervical foramen. (
  • Vertebral foramen of a cervical vertebra. (
  • Lumbar vertebrae - larger centra & no rib attachments. (
  • Internal pneumatic structures are typically not bounded by landmarks, however, and it is very difficult to homologize individual pneumatic spaces between vertebrae or between species. (
  • The bones of fishes are comparatively soft, flexible, and elastic, in the lowest species without division into vertebrae, and in the sharks and rays cartilaginous, resembling the embryonic conditions of higher animals. (
  • The spinal column is composed of a large number of vertebrae, some species having ninety or more in the entire series. (
  • The cervical vertebras vary in number from twenty-four to upwards of forty in different species. (
  • At the base of the spinal column, near the first lumbar vertebra, is a collection of nerves called the cauda equina. (
  • rotates cervical and thoracic vertebrae to opposite side (= contralateral rotation). (
  • The last cervical vertebra (C7), however, is somewhat distinctive in that it typically has a more elongated spinous process. (
  • The vertebra prominens (C7) has the longest spinous process of all cervical vertebrae. (
  • For this reason, C7 is often referred to as the vertebra prominens . (
  • The vertebrae are held firmly in place by a series of strong ligaments. (
  • The source of pain can be vertebrae, inter-vertebral joints (disc and facet joints), ligaments and fasciae. (
  • Causes of backache may be related to vertebrae, intervertebral joints (disc or facet joints), fasciae, and ligaments and could lead to further disabilities if left untreated. (
  • The cervical vertebrae were stouter than other diplodocids , though not as stout as in mature specimens of Apatosaurus . (
  • cranial vertebra the segments of the skull and facial bones, regarded by some as modified vertebrae. (
  • Reduction and Fixation of Cranial Cervical Fracture/Luxations using Screws and Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) Cement: A Distraction Technique Applied to the Base of the Skull in Thirteen Dogs. (
  • The weight-bearing portion of a typical vertebra is the vertebral body, the most forward portion. (
  • The large transverse processes of the caudal vertebrae, which originated from the front of the tail, are typically abelisaurid, projecting strongly out and upward like Carnotaurus, Skorpiovenator, Aucasaurus, and Viavenator, but are more inclined than Majungasaurus. (
  • Cat caudal vertebrae have very tiny hemal arches along the first part of the tail. (
  • For example, the size of the vertebrae in cervical region is smaller than in dorsal but the arches are bigger. (
  • Opossum caudal vertebrae have hemal arches that sit ~ between the vertebrae along the ventral side. (