Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Atlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.AtlasesModels, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Subtraction Technique: Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Early Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Colposcopy: The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.American Cancer Society: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Chiropractic: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.Manipulation, Chiropractic: Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.WashingtonManipulation, Spinal: Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.Medicare Part B: The voluntary portion of Medicare, known as the Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) Program, that includes physician's services, home health care, medical services, outpatient hospital services, and laboratory, pathology, and radiology services. All persons entitled to Medicare Part A may enroll in Medicare Part B on a monthly premium basis.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Atlanto-Axial Joint: The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.Platybasia: A developmental deformity of the occipital bone and upper end of the cervical spine, in which the latter appears to have pushed the floor of the occipital bone upward. (Dorland, 27th ed)AxisIntracranial Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Age Determination by Skeleton: Establishment of the age of an individual by examination of their skeletal structure.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Triplets: Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices: Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Gravity Suits: Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer's body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Oesophagostomum: A genus of nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA, parasitic in the intestines of animals. The adults are usually free in the intestinal lumen; the larvae encyst in the wall.Radiotherapy Dosage: The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
Partial aplasia of the posterior arch of the atlas with an isolated posterior arch remnant: findings in three cases. (1/126)We report the imaging findings in three symptomatic cases of partial aplasia of the posterior arch of the atlas with an isolated posterior remnant of the arch. These cases are instructive in illustrating the mechanism of cord impingement produced by the posterior arch remnant during extension of the cervical spine. Additionally, focal increased T2 signal was observed within the cord at the level of the anomaly in two of the patients. (+info)
Quantitative anatomy of the lateral masses of the atlas and axis vertebrae. (2/126)The study was carried out to determine the safe site of entry and the appropriate trajectory of the screw implantation in the lateral masses of atlas (Cl) and axis (C2) during their fixation using the plate and screw technique. Fifty dried specimens of atlas and axis vertebrae were studied. Various dimensions of the lateral masses were quantitatively measured, laying stress on their relationship with the vertebral artery foramen. As the vertebral artery foramen was present entirely in the transverse process in all specimens, screw implantation in the facet of atlas was relatively safe. Best direction of screw implantation in the facet of atlas was observed to be 15 degrees medial to sagittal plane and 15 degrees superior to axial plane. It should be implanted from the middle of the posterior surface of facet. Vertebral artery foramen formed a deep groove in the undersurface of a majority of superior facets of axis. In 15% facets, vertebral artery foramen occupied the entire undersurface of the superior facet. Safe angle for screw implantation in the facet of axis through its pedicle was seen to be 40 degrees medial to sagittal plane and 20 degrees superior to axial plane. Safe site of screw entry in the axis was superior and medial third of the posterior surface of the pedicle. Quality of cancellous bone in the lateral masses in the proposed trajectory of screw in Cl and C2 was good, providing an excellent purchase of the screw. (+info)
Atlas hypoplasia manifesting as myelopathy in a child--case report. (3/126)A 14-year-old Japanese boy presented with myelopathy due to atlas hypoplasia with complete posterior arch. Decompressive laminectomy of the atlas produced good neurological recovery, and follow-up T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed disappearance of spinal cord edema. Congenital atlas stenosis may be symptomatic even in children, with no accompanying cervical spondylotic change. Such cases have previously occurred only in Asian adults. A radiological study of the patient's brother showed median cleft formation of the posterior arch of atlas, indicative of a wide spectrum of atlas anomalies and a possible genetic relationship between these anomalies. (+info)
Finite element model of the Jefferson fracture: comparison with a cadaver model. (4/126)This study tries to explain the reason why the Jefferson fracture is a burst fracture, using two different biomechanical models: a finite element model (FEM) and a cadaver model used to determine strain distribution in C1 during axial static compressive loading. For the FEM model, a three-dimensional model of C1 was obtained from a 29-year-old healthy human, using axial CT scans with intervals of 1.0 mm. The mesh model was composed of 8200 four-noded isoparametric tetrahedrons and 37,400 solid elements. The material properties of the cortical bone of the vertebra were assessed according to the previous literature and were assumed to be linear isotropic and homogeneous for all elements. Axial static compressive loads were applied at between 200 and 1200 N. The strain and stress (maximum shear and von Mises) analyses were determined on the clinically relevant fracture lines of anterior and posterior arches. The results of the FEM were compared with a cadaver model. The latter comprised the C1 bone of a cadaver placed in a methylmethacrylate foam. Axial static compressive loads between 200 and 1200 N were applied by an electrohydraulic testing machine. Strain values were measured using strain gauges, which were cemented to the bone where the clinically relevant fracture lines of the anterior and posterior arches were located. As a result, compressive strain was observed on the outer surface of the anterior arch and inferior surface of the posterior arch. In addition, there was tensile strain on the inner surface of the anterior arch and superior surface of the posterior arch. The strain values obtained from the two experimental models showed similar trends. The FEM analysis revealed that maximum strain changes occurred where the maximum shear and von Mises stresses were concentrated. The changes in the C1 strain and stress values during static axial loading biomechanically prove that the Jefferson fracture is a burst fracture. (+info)
Posterolateral tunnels and ponticuli in human atlas vertebrae. (5/126)The posterolateral tunnel on the superior surface of the first cervical (atlas) vertebra is of normal occurrence in monkeys and other lower animals, but its presence in the form of a tunnel-like canal, for the passage of the third part of the vertebral artery over the posterior arch of the human atlas vertebra is not reported. The aim of the present study was to detect the presence of such a canal, in addition to other types of ponticuli (little bridges) reported by earlier investigators, in macerated atlas vertebrae and routine cadaveric dissections. The posterolateral tunnel was detected in 1.14%, and the posterior and lateral ponticuli in 6.57 and 2% of vertebrae. Probably the bony roof of the posterolateral tunnel serves the purpose of additional lateral extension for the attachment of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane in quadrupeds, where the load of the head is supported by the extensor muscles of the neck, ligaments and posterior atlanto-occipital membrane. In man, where the weight of the head is borne by the vertical loading of the superior articular process of the atlas, the roof of the tunnel has disappeared. (+info)
Agenesis of the posterior arch of the atlas. (6/126)PURPOSE: To illustrate the radiological findings and review the current literature concerning a rare congenital abnormality of the posterior arch of the atlas. CASE REPORT: An adult female without neurological symptoms presented with an absent posterior arch of the atlas, examined with plain films and helical computerized tomography. Complete agenesis of the posterior arch of the atlas is a rare entity that can be easily identified by means of plain films. Although it is generally asymptomatic, atlantoaxial instability and neurological deficits may occur because of structural instability. Computerized tomography provides a means of assessing the extent of this abnormality and can help evaluate the integrity of neural structures. Although considered to be rare entities, defects of the posterior arch of the atlas may be discovered as incidental asymptomatic findings in routine cervical radiographs. Familiarity with this abnormality may aid medical professionals in the correct management of these cases. (+info)
Cervical myelopathy caused by hypoplasia of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament--case report. (7/126)A 79-year-old Japanese female presented with symptomatic cervical myelopathy caused by a hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament. Neuroradiological examination demonstrated a hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament. The cervical spinal cord was compressed at the level of the atlas by both the hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and the ossification of the transverse ligament. The patient underwent C-1 laminectomy, which arrested the progressive myelopathy and resulted in a good recovery. Atlas hypoplasia with ossification of the transverse ligament may be associated with Asian ethnicity. (+info)
Vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency in rheumatoid atlantoaxial subluxation. (8/126)Cervical myelopathy has become commonly recognized as a complication of rheumatoid atlantoaxial subluxation. A small group of patients with atlantoaxial subluxation may have intermittent symptoms associated with change of head position and which are due to vertebral artery compression. Two such cases are reported, one with necropsy findings of infarction in the area supplied by the vertebrobasilar system. The pathogenesis of the symptomatology and infarction is discussed. (+info)
Ponticulus posticus: Anatomical Variation in Posterior Arch of the Atlas Vertebra Evaluated in Lateral Cephalometric Radiography
Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of the Ponticulus posticus in a Brazilian sample and discuss about the importance of this anatomical variation in forensic dentistry area.. Study Design: Observational and transversal study.. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Morphology, Anatomy division, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas-UNICAMP, between June 2014 and December 2015.. Methodology: We used 242 lateral cephalometric radiographs of adult individual skulls from both sexes (from 18-60 years old). The sample was divided into the following groups: 92 lateral radiographs of males, and 150 lateral radiographs of females. The visual assessment method was performed by the same examiner. Classification form was carried out in three categories in both sexes: Presence of Ponticulus posticus with complete ossification; presence of Ponticulus posticus with incomplete ossification and absence. Data were performed a descriptive analysis by a decision tree. The sample data were segmented by ...
title:Ponticulus Posticus of the Atlas Vertebra. Author:Ojaswini Malukar, Vipul.P.Prajapati, S.K.Nagar. Keywords:Arcuate foramen, Atlas vertebra, Ponticulus posticus, Vertebral artery. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Atlas is the first cervical vertebra. It articulates with the occipital bone above and the axis vertebra below. It plays an important role in movement of the skull and the neck. A rare variation of the atlas vertebra is found where the posterior arch of the atlas had one accessory foramen just behind each lateral mass. In the atlas vertebra, this retroarticular canal or the lateral bridge are examples of bony outgrowths which may cause external pressure on the vertebral artery as it passes from the foramen transversarium of the vertebra to the foramen magnum of the skull. The knowledge of this variation may be of importance to orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, radiologists and anthropologists. Of the 80 atlas vertebrae observed 17.5 % showed presence of retro transverse groove or ...
Diagnosis Code S83.013 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Hi, Im looking for a little clarification on my C1 Injury. On March 19, 2016, I woke up with an allergic reaction from a blood pressure medication prescribed by a Cardiologist. I called my primary Doc that morning and he recommended Benadryl for the itching. The making of a perfect storm. Later that night after bed, I woke up to go use the bathroom and passed out and landed square on my face, breaking my C1 in 3 places. I was diagnosed with a Stable Jefferson fracture, wearing the Somi
Diagnosis Code S12.001S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
The superior articular process, along with the inferior articular process, projects upward and downward from each vertebral arch. These processes bear cartilage-covered facets by which each vertebra is joined to the one above and the one below it.. ...
Despite their rather characteristic appearance Stiassny (1996) was only able to find two characters (the presence of a trilobate rostral cartilage, and an elaborate and extensive gap between the back of the neurocranium and the first cervical vertebra) corroborating neoscopelid monophyly. Prior to Stiassnys (1996) study no explicitly phylogenetic hypothesis of neoscopelid intrarelationships had been proposed. Nonetheless, the consensus of most authors has been that Scopelengys with its weakly ossified skeleton, small eyes, flabby musculature, lack of photophores, and lack of swimbladder is a specialized offshoot from the main neoscopelid line, and that Solivomer represents an intermediate between the vigorous Neoscopelus and the degenerate Scopelengys. However, as Stiassny (1996:415) notes Whether or not the standard scenario in which the sluggish, energy-deprived, deepwater Scopelengys is derived from an active benthopelagic and luminescent Neoscopelus-like ancestor (Nafpaktitis, ...
Anne-Marie.. Overcoming Body Odour..... The mouth is not the only significant organ to benefit from salt. Many people suffer from body odour, commonly known as BO. It is often localised to the armpits. Here again I suggest that the cause is unnecessary and unsympathetic products, in this case the use of deodorants. Where I come from in the developing world we had never heard of deodorants; when I used one here I rapidly developed BO under my armpits so I immediately threw it away. You may need to do the same.. The treatment for BO is to have a shower without any soap (which often contains lethal bactericidals killing the good commensal bacteria also) and while in the shower, rub salt on the affected parts, your armpits, feet or the whole body. Wait for a few minutes and wash it all off. You must not use the same towels, or any clothes that you may have been in contact with before; I would advise changing all bed linen and laundering it in very hot water. Use fresh clean clothes.. Previously ...
The transverse ligament of the knee is a ligament within the anterior aspect of the knee joint. Gross anatomy The transverse ligament is a variable band-like intracapsular knee ligament. It attaches transversely across the anterior aspects of t...
ALL ABOUT ZYGOMATICOXILLARY ARCH FRACTURE Zygomaticoxillary Arch fracture, also called quadripod fracture and also known as tripod fracture earlier is made up of four components: The lateral orbital wall found either at the zygomaticofrontal suture along the wall, inferiorly present at the
In the 2nd presentation, I talked about the common useful X-rays in managing a trauma patient -- I focussed particularly on three important X-rays - Cervical, chest and pelvic X-ray. I taught them about how to interpret cervical X-ray in the context of trauma and used hangman fracture and Jefferson fracture as particular topics for discussion. I talked about chest x-ray: criteria to qualify for an adequate good chest x-ray film, and discussed on pneumothorax and traumatic aortic dissection. I reminded the students that tension pneumothorax is not supposed to the radiological diagnosis, it is a clinical diagnosis; and a doctor is supposed to "destroy" the radiological evidence of a tension pneumothorax rather than allowing it to manifest. I also talked about the tips on interpreting a pelvic X-ray -- the importance of visualizing the integrity of the three pelvic rings, tracing the integrity of iliopubic and ilio-ischial line, radiologic U as well as the tear-drop sign. I talked a bit on ...
Description of disease C1 (cervical vertebra). Treatment C1 (cervical vertebra). Symptoms and causes C1 (cervical vertebra) Prophylaxis C1 (cervical vertebra)
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Definition of epistropheus in US English - The axis (second cervical vertebra). In early use also: †the atlas (first cervical vertebra) (obsolete).
Annotation-free probabilistic atlas learning for robust anatomy detection in CT images | (2015) | Franz | Publications | Spie
A fully automatic method generating a whole body atlas from CT images is presented. The atlas serves as a reference space for annotations. It is based on a large collection of partially overlapping medical images and a registration scheme. The atlas itself consists of probabilistic tissue type maps and can represent anatomical variations. The registration scheme is based on an entropy-like measure of these maps and is robust with respect to field-of-view variations. In contrast to other atlas generation methods, which typically rely on a sufficiently large set of annotations on training cases, the presented method requires only the images. An iterative refinement strategy is used to automatically stitch the images to build the atlas. Affine registration of unseen CT images to the probabilistic atlas can be used to transfer reference annotations, e.g. organ models for segmentation initialization or reference bounding boxes for field-of-view selection. The robustness and generality of the method ...
The IAPB Vision Atlas will be revised with the latest data and projections on World Sight Day this year (12 October 2017). The updated Atlas will include the latest blindness and visual impairment prevalence data (2015) along with the main causes. The prevalence data will go back to 1990 and will also include projections to 2020. These numbers will be by country and can be accessed through a couple of web-based interactive maps.. This World Sight Day, the Atlas will include two new maps-the main causes of blindness and visual impairment (by region) and the main causes of near-vision loss (by region, and only for 2015 with projections for 2020).. The Atlas will also include updated data on the progress towards the Global Action Plan, by presenting updates to the GAP indicator data (CSR, CSC, number of trained personnel etc.). Apart from this, the Atlas will also include commentary on these numbers along with explanations and easy-to-use tools for various eye conditions.. ...
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Many of the discrete regions of the brain perform similar functions in all mammals, and greater than 90 percent of all mouse genes have a direct counterpart in humans. By establishing this baseline of the normal mouse brain, the Atlas allows researchers to compare the brain with others altered to mimic neurological and psychiatric diseases found in humans.. Previous atlases have contained anatomic maps showing the location of various regions of the brain, but little or no information about the gene activity within them. Others have contained gene information but none have been nearly as comprehensive as the Atlas, which includes data for every major structure in the brain for nearly all the genes in the genome.. Even before its announced completion, the Atlas was receiving more than 4 million hits monthly and being accessed by approximately 250 scientists on any given work day. Users are not required to provide information about their work, but anecdotal evidence indicates that the Atlas is ...
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Atlas Sampler - posted in Accordance Announcements: The Atlas Sampler lets you try out the fully interactive Atlas for just $20. Then, you get the $20 off when you upgrade to the Atlas Version 2 with 12 high-resolution backgrounds, 3D images, modern boundaries, and additional layers.The Sampler offers two older low-resolution map backgrounds (Colors and Beige) and the data. This results in a fully functioning interactive Atlas except for the 3D capability and the Place Names and...
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... The Edinburgh Mouse Atlas, also called the e-Mouse Atlas Project (EMAP), is an online resource comprised of the e-Mouse Atlas (EMA), a detailed digital model of mouse development, and the e-Mouse Atlas of Gene Expression (EMAGE), a database that identifies sites of gene expression in mouse embryos. Duncan Davidson and
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Atlas HD Potassium is the base system that all Atlas HD systems are built, & can be configured/extended for crystallization, calorimetry, & high-pressure experiments
Atlas help - posted in General Accordance Topics: In a blog, David Lang mentioned the Geography of Jerusalem layer for the Atlas. Im not finding this layer. I just purchased the Atlas module so I suspect I have the latest version. How do I access the Geography of Jerusalem layer?
Blumes Atlas of Pediatric and Adult EEGs combines Dr. Blumes two classic books, the Atlas of Adult EEG and the Atlas of Pediatric EEG, into a single resource for adult and pediatric epileptologists, neurologists, and neurology trainees.
Baixe grátis o arquivo Atlas de parasitologIa mEdica.pdf enviado por GERSON no curso de Enfermagem na UNG. Sobre: ATLAS DE PARASITOLOGIA MÉDICA
Atlas specializes in outdoor exposure weather testing of automotive materials, components, body bucks and full vehicles, including instrumentation such as temperature and humidity, is a special Atlas competence, particularly at our Miami and Phoenix area test sites.
New Atlas looks at infection and antibiotic use after surgery • Health Improvement and Innovation Resource Centre
The Health Quality & Safety Commissions newest Atlas of Healthcare Variation domain offers a look into the rate of infection and community antibiotic use after surgery.. This Atlas raises interesting questions as to whether rates of antibiotic use following surgery are a possible area for quality improvement".. To read the full story and to access the new domain, go to: http://www.hqsc.govt.nz/our-programmes/health-quality-evaluation/news-and-events/news-2/news/2214/. ...
NHS Atlas - Single map | Atlas of variation in healthcare for children and young people | Maps & Data | Home - ChiMat Data Atlas
InstantAtlas Server, used by Data Professionals around the world, InstantAtlas data visualization software is used to report and present statistical information on geographic maps
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The 2016 Atlas King of the Road Survey received 401 responses from van operators across North America. Download the Van Operator Survey data here.
Cell atlas. Showing subcellular location of DMD (BMD, DXS142, DXS164, DXS206, DXS230, DXS239, DXS268, DXS269, DXS270, DXS272, MRX85).
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A Teaching Atlas of Case Studies in Diagnostic Imaging by Funsho Komolafe, M. Haroun Dahniya, S. B. Lagundoye 2015 | ISBN: 9351529509 | English | 447 pages | PDF | 23 MB A Teaching Atlas of
Learn Thoracic and Cervical Vertebrae facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format that helps you memorize and understand. Browse or search in thousands of pages or create your own page using a simple wizard. No signup required!
This gorgeous, full-color atlas and case-book presents more than sixty cases with over one hundred associated, super high-quality clinical images that a physician needs to be able to rapidly recognize and know for accurate, expedient diagnosis and treatment.
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Review standard and optional interior, exterior, mechanical comfort, entertainment equipment and their warranties for a 2018 Atlas 2.0T SEL 4dr Front-wheel Drive.
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Cancer cells have molecules, known as receptors, on their surface that distinguish them from healthy cells. Knowing receptors that are present on malignant cells can help to detect and/or classify the disease.
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Additionally to having an API key associated with your account, exporting private event information requires the usage of a persistent signature. This enables API URLs which do not expire after a few minutes so while the setting is active, anyone in possession of the link provided can access the information. Due to this, it is extremely important that you keep these links private and for your use only. If you think someone else may have acquired access to a link using this key in the future, you must immediately create a new key pair on the My Profile page under the HTTP API and update the iCalendar links afterwards ...
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Gindina, T; Barkhatov, I; Boychenko, E; Garbuzova, I; Vlasova, M; Nikolaeva, E; Petrova, I; Ovechkina, V; Shorstova, T (Jean-Loup Huret (Editor-in-Chief) ; INIST-CNRS (Publisher), 2012) ...
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Flowering plants arose during the Cretaceous, and up to date they count around 235,000 species, representing the largest and most diverse group within the plant kingdom.
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The median atlanto-axial joint is the articulation between the anterior surface of the odontoid process and the posterior surface of the arch of the atlas. The axis of rotation of the joint is vertical and corresponds to the long axis of the odontoid process. The articulation between the odontoid process and the anterior arch of the atlas is a pivot joint with incomplete articular surfaces, since the odontoid process is frequently covered with cartilage upon its anterior surface only, its posterior surface articulating with the transverse ligament of the atlas by a separate joint. Both joints have separate capsules; the posterior one is also regarded as a synovial bursa. The capsule of the median atlanto-axial joint is roomy and relaxed. The articulation is provided with a series of accessory ligaments, which create an extremely firm connection between the head and the first two vertebrae ...
Atlantoaxial instability implies excessive movement between the first cervical vertebra or atlas, and second cervical vertebra or axis.
Revisiting Anterior Atlantoaxial Subluxation with Overlooked Information on MR Images | American Journal of Neuroradiology
Excessive movement between atlas and axis characterizes anterior atlantoaxial instability. At present, dynamic plain radiographs are the criterion standard in diagnosing AAA subluxation. The atlas slips abnormally forward during flexion because of laxity or rupture of the transverse and alar ligaments. The atlas slips backward when the cervical spine is in the neutral or extension positions. A few studies have reported MR imaging findings of AAA subluxation,8,9 but none has focused on the diagnostic implications of abnormalities in the associated structures or suggested a method to improve the false-negative diagnostic rate in nAAA subluxation patients. To our knowledge, this study is the first attempt to do so.. Routinely cervical spine MR imaging is performed with supine and neutral positioning. With this positioning, gravity pulls the subluxated atlas backward and downgrades the severity of disease on MR images. In our study, x-ray radiographs with neutral positioning yielded a 28% (11 of 40) ...
A wonderful and much-needed review of studies to date and some common-sense recommendations. Theres a lot here, so I want to hit on the more important points by the author. First, the background. The craniovertebral joint is made up of the skull and the first two cervical (neck) vertebrae. The first cervical vertebra, C1, is called the atlas and has the shape of a ring. It sits on top of the second vertebra, C2, which is also called the axis. The axis has a protrusion called the odontoid process. In Down syndrome, a combination of bony abnormalities and lax ligaments contribute to the instability called atlantoaxial instability (AAI). For more background on the controversy on the diagnosis and treatment of this condition, see my essay on AAI. On the topic of radiologic screening, Dr. Brockmeyer reviews the studies to date and contends that on lateral (side view) neck X-rays, the measurement called the "neural canal width" is much better than the commonly used atlanto-dens interval, as it ...
Atlantoaxial Fixation for Craniocervical Instability Due to Metabolic Bone Disorders in Children - The ISPN Guide to Pediatric...
Instrumented fixation techniques: A number of techniques for atlantoaxial fixation are described including transarticular screw fixation and the C1 lateral mass screws and C2 pedicle screws (Harms technique) fixation techniques. ...
Graduates of Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
... On the outer surface, at the sides of the foramen carved out for the dorsal medulla, the occipital bone puts out two capitula (l, l in figures 4 and 5) [condyli occipitales] which are articulated to the first cervical vertebra [atlas], by means of which the head is tilted and extended by its own motion. In young children, these capitula [condyli] are epiphyses; in old persons they are hidden, like the other epiphyses. Also in young children, the bone is constructed of three parts [partes laterales, pars basilaris] separated by three lines [sutura] filled with cartilage [synchondroses]. One of these runs from the end of the sagittal suture to the posterior part of the foramen [foramen magnum] of the dorsal medulla; the other two [fonticuli mastoidei] extend transversely from the sides of the foramen to the extensions of the lambdoid suture. Consequently, the very young have two bones [partes laterales] in the occiput, and one [pars basilaris] attached to the ...
Accident Reporting - Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University - Thomas Jefferson University
Any employee who is seriously injured (i.e. lacerations, head trauma, fractures, chemical burns) must go to the Jefferson Emergency Department immediately. For non-emergent injuries (i.e. strains/sprains), you should follow the procedure for reporting to Healthmark for treatment.. To reach Healthmark, call the Healthmark Hotline at (215) 952-9900. A Healthmark representative will arrange transportation to and from the Center City campus in order for you to be treated. Healthmarks hours of operation are Monday through Friday, 7:30am to 5:00pm. Patients will be seen until 4:00pm.. If you are injured during Healthmarks off-hours, report to the Jefferson Emergency Department. Please bring the Employee Accident Report with you so that the ED physician can complete Section B of the report.. All employees treated in the Jefferson Emergency Department must report to Healthmark the next business day, unless admitted to the hospital. Please note the instructions above for contacting ...
Neurovascular Surgery & Endovascular Neurosurgery - Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University - Thomas Jefferson...
Current Research Programs - Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University - Thomas Jefferson University
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Chicago Bears tight end Zach Miller will remain in a New Orleans hospital after undergoing emergency surgery Sunday to repair a damaged artery in his left leg.. The Bears announced Monday that vascular surgeons at University Medical Center New Orleans stabilized Millers injury, which was diagnosed as a torn popliteal artery.. A source told ESPNs Chris Mortensen later Monday that the artery was found "shredded from above the knee joint to below the knee" by the vascular surgeons, who diagnosed Millers injury as lateral subluxation. There is also orthopedic damage to the knee, the source said.. The surgeons praised Bears team doctor Mark Bowen for quickly identifying the vascular problem by checking Millers dropping pulse.. According to the source, surgeons used a saphenous vein graft procedure of surgery to revascularize Millers leg.. League and team sources told ESPNs Chris Mortensen earlier Monday that surgeons had been working to save Millers leg, although it was not clear whether ...
runners-knee syndrome mild lateral subluxation of patella in patellar groove; on account of an increase in Q angle (i.e. >15°), generally in association with too much foot pronation, tibial varum, internal tibial torsion, weakened quadriceps team, malposition of vastus medialis, difficult working surfaces or defective athletics sneakers, leading to uneven force on anterolateral area of femoral condyle and site local ache; typically influences feminine runners; handled by prescription orthoses to cut back torque, torsion and knee joint ...
A new Blood Atlas - a resource for exploration of blood cells and proteins - has been launched, as part of the open access Human Protein Atlas, in which the proteins in human blood cell types are described together with a comprehensive analysis of all proteins predicted to be secreted from human cells ("the secretome"). The new atlas provides a unique resource for the study of human biology and diseases, in particular for immune-based research and efforts to develop new, effective treatments in oncology and autoimmune diseases.. A new Blood Atlas has been launched, as part of the open access Human Protein Atlas, in which the proteins in human blood cell types are described together with a comprehensive analysis of all proteins predicted to be secreted from human cells ("the secretome"). The new atlas provides a unique resource for the study of human biology and diseases, in particular for immune-based research and efforts to develop new, effective treatments in oncology and autoimmune diseases. ...
Penny Wise Thrift Shop is a non-profit thrift shop owned and operated the Womens Board of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. The shop has raised $3 million dollars to support patient care projects at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and the greater Jefferson community.. Our cherished community shop, located in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, provides a venue for the resale of donated and consigned household goods and clothing. Weve been voted Best Consignment Shop by Main Line Times readers, and strive to maintain our standards of high quality.. If youre interested in supporting Penny Wise Thrift Shop, drop off gently used items, become a merchandise consigner, volunteer your time and expertise at the shop, or make a contribution to the Womens Board. Location ...
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北京大学医学部机构知识库([email protected]): Positioning study of cervical vertebra pedicle axial line projective point by computed tomography...
Background Safe placement of the screws is a critical aspect of trans-pedicle internal fixation, and little information on in vivo morphology of the cervical vertebrae pedicle measured with imaging methods is available. The aim of this study was to measure the dimensions of cervical vertebrae C3 to C7 and provide screw length, screw diameter and tilt angle for clinical cervical vertebra trans-pedicle internal fixation.. Methods Thirty Chinese men and women underwent high-speed spiral computed tomography measurements to obtain data for C3 to C7, and the morphology of the cervical vertebra pedicles was reconstructed.. Results Reconstructed computer tomography image data revealed that: (1) pedicle sponge width increased incrementally from C3 to C7, (2) pedicle depth was similar for C3 to C7, (3) pedicle angle decreased incrementally from 47.20 degrees to 33.76 degrees for C3 to C7, and (4) pedicle point to midline distance was similar for C3 to C7. There were no statistical differences in ...
China Posterior Cervical Vertebra Fixation - China Posterior Cervical Vertebra Fixation, Spine Fixer
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The medulla oblongata is conical in shape. Its broad part joins the pons above and narrow part becomes continuous with the spinal cord. The junction between medulla and spinal cord coincides with the level of the upper border of Atlas (first cervical vertebra). ...
OBQ09.111) An 11-year-old male complains of one year duration of neck pain. He denies any recent trauma. He has noticed intermittent episodes of gait imbalance and difficulty with buttoning his shirt over the past 3 months. Physical exam shows normal strength in all four extremities and hyper-reflexic patellar tendons. Neutral and flexion radiographs are shown in Figures A and B. A sagittal CT scan is shown in Figure C with a coronal reconstruction shown in Figure D. What is the most appropriate treatment? Review Topic , Tested Concept ...
Here is another excerpt from my upcoming book: One of the injuries I sustained during my car accident was a fractured C-1 (broken neck). The C-1 is the first cervical vertebrae. In many cases, fracturing his vertebrae results in paralysis. Luckily, I did not experience this. I was initially treated by having to lay flat…
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Jefferson Receives Patent for New Blood Test to Improve Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer | Cancer Network | The Oncology Journal
Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia has received a patent for a molecular-based blood test that provides a novel approach to diagnosing prostate cancer. Jefferson has given exclusive licensing rights to the test to UroCor, Inc., for the United States and Canada, and to the Italian-based biotechnology firm Raggio-Italgene, for Europe and Japan. 1
Jefferson County voters pass nonbinding referendum on millage increase for hospital | The Augusta Chronicle
A majority of Jefferson County voters said Tuesday they would support a millage increase to support operations at Jefferson Hospital.
There are 1 nursing homes in Jefferson, Wisconsin. Nursing homes in Jefferson, Wisconsin have an average CMS rating of 3.0 stars, an average user rating of 1.0 stars, 120 total certified beds, and 103 total residents.
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is managed by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy. ...
Richard V Musto, MD is a Urologist at 635 BELLE TERRE RD, PORT JEFFERSON, NY 11777. Wellness.com provides reviews, contact information, driving directions and the phone number for Richard V Musto, MD in PORT JEFFERSON, NY.
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Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals Inc, branded as Jefferson Health, is a regional health system whose flagship hospital is Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Center City, Philadelphia. The health systems hospitals serve as the teaching hospitals of Thomas Jefferson University. Other hospitals in the system include Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Methodist Hospital in South Philadelphia, Abington Memorial Hospital in the northern suburb of Abington, the three hospitals and various clinics of Aria Health in Northeast Philadelphia and Lower Bucks County, and has signed a Definitive Agreement with Kennedy Health facilities in southern New Jersey including hospitals in Washington Township and Cherry Hill. Formed in 1825 as the Infirmary of the Jefferson Medical College, the predecessor of the Hospital of Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital serves patients in Philadelphia and the surrounding communities in the Delaware Valley and southern New Jersey. The ...
Outcomes of occipitocervical fixation using a spinous process screw in C2 as a third anchor point for occipitocervical fixation...
Posterior occipitocervical fixation and fusion are often required to address occipitocervical instability. Safe, stable internal fixation with screws is vital for the success of such surgery. Thus, poor selection of an internal fixation technique may cause fixation and fusion failure, possibly leading to neurovascular injury. Hence, in certain cases, such as in patients with severe instability of an occipitocervical deformity or osteoporosis, we hypothesized that having a third anchor point (a screw in C2) could enhance the stability of the occipitocervical fixation. A 31-year-old man with occipitocervical deformity and spinal cord edema underwent a traditional occipitocervical fixation procedure but with the addition of a spinous process screw in C2 as a third anchor point. The procedure included posterior internal fixation and fusion. The occipitocervical fixation was completed by inserting occipital screws, bilateral C2 pedicle screws, C3 lateral mass screws, and a spinous process screw in C2 as a
DUNN, RN and STANDER, H. Atlanto-axial fusion: Magerl transarticular versus Harms instrumentation techniques. SA orthop. j. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.2, pp.31-34. ISSN 2309-8309.. Transarticular screw fixation offers acceptably high fusion rates but is not possible in 18% of patients due to a high riding vertebral artery. It also requires pre-operative anatomical reduction which is not always possible. The Harms technique utilises a posterior C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screw. This allows easier access due to the angle of drilling and has become an increasingly popular surgical technique. AIM: The aim of this study is to review and compare the above techniques with regard to surgery, complications and outcome. METHODS: A retrospective case note and radiographic review of 42 patients undergoing posterior C1-2 fusion in a single institution during the period 2003 to 2011, identified on a prospectively maintained database, was performed. The indication for surgery was atlanto-axial instability ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Cervical Spine Fracture, C-Spine Fracture, Clay Shovelers Fracture, Odontoid Process Fracture, Hangmans fracture, Jefferson Fracture, Cervical Wedge Compression Fracture, C1 Fracture, C2 Fracture, Cervical Teardrop Fracture, Cervical Spinous Process Fracture, Cervical Burst Fracture, Cervical Facet Dislocation, Cervical Fracture.
The Jefferson Park Golf Course opened in May 1915. It was the first municipally owned golf course in Seattle and the third golf course in King County. The course is located at 4101 Beacon Avenue S in Seattles Beacon Hill neighborhood. In its first year, 26,309 people played on Jefferson Parks 18-hole course. Today, the course measures 6,182 yards and has a driving range and 27 holes. More than 60,000 rounds of golf are played each year at the course. Since opening, the golf course has served Seattle residents and visitors of all ethnicities and income levels: from the heavyweight-boxing champion Joe Louis in 1936 to a 16-year-old Tiger Woods in 1992, from the first members of the Seattle Chinese Golf Club in the 1950s to students of the nonprofit organization First Tee today. Early History of Jefferson Park In the late nineteenth century, the Territory (and later State) of Washington owned the Jefferson Park site in order to support the local state university. In 1892, Seattle established an ...
An enchondroma is a cartilage cyst found in the bone marrow. Typically, enchondroma is discovered on an X-ray scan. Enchondromas have a characteristic appearance on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as well. They have also been reported to cause increased uptake on PET examination. Enchondroma is a type of benign bone tumor that originates from cartilage. The exact etiology of it is not known. An enchondroma most often affects the cartilage that lines the inside of the bones. The bones most often involved with this benign tumor are the miniature long bones of the hands and feet. It may, however, also involve other bones such as the femur, humerus, or tibia. While it may affect an individual at any age, it is most common in adulthood. The occurrence between males and females is equal. It is not very likely that the enchondroma will grow back in the same spot; the rate is less than ten percent. While the exact cause of enchondroma is not known, it is believed to occur either as an overgrowth of the ...
Tubercle of transverse process of atlas | definition of tubercle of transverse process of atlas by Medical dictionary
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Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their branches. References. *^ J.A.Kaufman & T.B.Jones: Viscerosensory Pathways. ... Atlas of Human Anatomy, 5th Ed, Netter Saladin, Anatomy and Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, 6th edition ...
Lee TT, Green BA, Petrin DR (1998). "Treatment of stable burst fracture of the atlas (Jefferson fracture) with rigid cervical ... Lee C, Woodring JH (1991). "Unstable Jefferson variant atlas fractures: an unrecognized cervical injury". AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ... Jefferson G (1920). "Fracture of the atlas vertebra: report of four cases, and a review of those previously recorded". Br J ... de Zoete A, Langeveld UA (2007). "A congenital anomaly of the atlas as a diagnostic dilemma: a case report". J Manipulative ...
By the atlanto-axial joint, it forms the pivot upon which the first cervical vertebra (the atlas), which carries the head, ... This is because a malformed odontoid process may lead to instability between the atlas and axis (the C1 and C2 cervical ... Atlas of Human Anatomy, "High Cervical Spine: C1-C2". ... The odontoid peg is the ascension of the atlas fused to the ... The peg has an articular facet at its front and forms part of a joint with the anterior arch of the atlas. It is a non-weight ...
The atlas elements are unfused; there is a suture between the dens and axis. The cervical ribs are not fused to the centra. The ...
Its origin is the neural spines of the cervical vertebrae and its insertion is in the metacromion process and fascia of the ... The insertion is the superior nuchal line and atlas. It raises or turns the head. ... Cats have seven cervical vertebrae like almost all mammals, thirteen thoracic vertebrae (humans have twelve), seven lumbar ... The origin is from the first nine or ten ribs and from part of the cervical vertebrae. ...
... short atlas and cervical vertebrae, all with a ventral keel; an ilium, pubis and femur, with the talus and calcaneus of the ...
Atlas Condyloid fossa This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) ... It articulates with the first cervical (neck) vertebra and, in effect, attaches the head of the dinosaur to its body. ... Occipital condyles (red) articulate with the superior facets of the atlas. Base of skull. Inferior surface. Occipital condyles ... Position of occipital condyles (shown in red) Skull and cervical vertebra. ...
Omotransversarius: originates on the spine of the scapula and inserts on the wing of the atlas. Its function is to advance the ... It is innervated by the ventral branches of the cervical spinal nerves. Intrinsic muscles of the thoracic limb: Deltoideus: ... Serratus ventralis: originates on the transverse processes of the last 5 cervical vertebrae and inserts on the scapula. Its ... It is innervated by the ventral branches of the cervical spinal nerves. Sternothyoideus: originates on the first coastal ...
... the atlas and eight other cervical vertebrae, along with eleven cervical ribs; eleven dorsal vertebrae, six dorsal ribs, and ... Also unlike Moabosaurus, there are no keels or hollows on the bottom of the cervical centra. None of the cervical ribs are ... lacks depressions on its atlas intercentrum; has hollows and keels on the bottom of its cervical centra; has convex as opposed ... second cervical). Moabosaurus lacks these depressions, and the cervical rib articulation (parapophysis) is more robust. As seen ...
Brachiocephalicus: originates from the temporal bone, atlas, and 3rd and 4th cervical vertebrae, and inserts on the humerus. ... Inserts on the nuchal crest, the atlas, and the 3rd-5th cervical vertebrae. Sternocephalicus: originates from the cariniform ... Omotransversarius: originates in the atlas and the cervical vertebrae (C2-C4), continues down dorsal to the brachiocephalicus ... Longissimus capitis: originates on the first 2 thoracic vertebrae and the cervical vertebrae. Inserts into the atlas. ...
It exits the spinal cord between the skull and the first cervical vertebra, the atlas. It lies within the suboccipital triangle ... The suboccipital nerve is the dorsal primary ramus of the first cervical nerve (C1). ...
On the cervical vertebrae other than the atlas, the anterior and posterior tubercles are on either side of the transverse ... It is a bony bridge found on the first cervical vertebra, the atlas where it covers the groove for the vertebral artery. ... There are seven cervical vertebrae (but eight cervical spinal nerves), designated C1 through C7. These bones are, in general, ... Atlas image: back_bone13 at the University of Michigan Health System - Axis & Atlas Articulated, Posterior View Anatomy image: ...
The atlas, axis, and third and fourth cervical vertebrae are characteristic and similar to those in other stereospondyls. The ... According to Sulej (2007), the intercentra of cervical and thoracic vertebra are fully ossified. The pleurocentra are not ... morphology of atlas, axis, third and fourth vertebrae suggest that the neck of Metoposaurus was relatively flexible. The ...
... cervical vertebra synopophyses protrude below the level of the ventral edge of the centrum; short, wide fossa excavated ... atlas neural arch mediolaterally compressed but not flattened at its base, condylar surfaces irregularly figure-eight shaped; ... immediately below the ventral rim of the cotyle of at least one middle cervical vertebra; hypapophysis anteroventral edge ...
... fusion between the atlas (first cervical) and the intercentrum, an element below the axis; accessory processes on the caudal ... Another series of cervical vertebrae ("Series B") underwent a similar reassignment. A scapula and coracoid overlapping the ... There are eight cervical vertebrae. Unlike Turfanosuchus, Euparkeria, Fasolasuchus, Saurosuchus, and sphenosuchians, the suture ... nearly complete cervical and dorsal vertebrae, partial sacral and caudal vertebrae, the hip girdle, most of the left hindlimb, ...
Adjacent segment disease can be addressed by performing cervical disc arthroplasty using a device such as the Bryan cervical ... Feil subsequently classified the syndrome into 3 categories: Type I - Fusion of C2 and C3 with occipitalization of the atlas. ... This pattern can be recognized as the cervical spine is often seen to be at an angle or hinge at this open segment. A ... Type II - Long fusion below C2 with an abnormal occipital-cervical junction. Similar to the C2-C3 fusion of McRae and could be ...
On the atlas (the first cervical), the intercentrum is swollen and has a ridge underneath; meanwhile, the bottom of the axis ( ... the second cervical) is covered by a tongue-like projection from the third cervical. In the shoulder girdle, the projection at ... the facets that articulate with the cervical ribs on the cervical vertebrae being placed relatively high, similar to ... The number of cervical vertebrae in Luskhan (14) can be seen as intermediate between Pliosaurus (18) and Brachauchenius (12). ...
Hafez ES, Kenemans P (2012-12-06). Atlas of Human Reproduction: By Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer Science & Business ... Up to 26 layers have been seen - see Pathology, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical; Mayeaux, E. J.; Cox, J. Thomas ( ... Hafez ES, Kenemans P (2012-12-06). Atlas of Human Reproduction: By Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer Science & Business ... Mayeaux EJ, Cox TJ (2011). Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-1451153835. . ...
Derm Atlas. "Image of hyperdontia. Accessed 10 July 2006. Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center A-Z. Polydactyly and ... "Cervical ribs and thoracic outlet syndrome". Accessed 10 July 2006. Grumbach, M.M., Conte, F.A., 1998. "Disorders of sex ... one or more additional spleens Cervical rib - an additional rib Diphallia - Having two penes/penises. Hermaphroditism - having ...
It is located in the height of the transverse process of the first cervical vertebra (atlas). Passing through it is the cranial ...
There are ten cervical vertebrae in the neck of Xingxiulong. The proatlas, an atrophied vertebra positioned in front of the ... atlas, is bounded in front by top sides of the foramen magnum. While it is difficult to say much about the atlas itself due to ... LFGT-D0003, also mature, consists of a partial skull with jaws; the third to tenth cervical vertebrae, as well as all of the ... Overall, the remainder of the cervical vertebrae are relatively short, being only 2.5 to 3 times as long as they are tall; they ...
This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Grant's Atlas of Anatomy - ... It is an extension of the prevertebral fascia of the deep cervical fascia. A brachial plexus nerve block can be achieved by ...
The first cervical or suboccipital nerve lies between the artery and the posterior arch of the atlas. The fourth (intradural or ... Behind it are the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra, the sympathetic trunk and its inferior cervical ganglion ... curving medially and posteriorly behind the superior articular process of the atlas, the anterior ramus of the first cervical ... At each cervical level, the vertebral artery sends branches to the surrounding musculature via the anterior spinal arteries. ...
As for the cervical vertebrae themselves, the atlas and axis are fused, albeit with a visible suture. In front of the atlas is ... Corresponding to the spherical occipital condyle is the cup-like joint of the atlas. The atlas had a prominent neural spine, ... At the back of the axis, on the neural arch, is the postzygapophysis, which would have connected to the next cervical vertebra ... It consists of a complete skull and lower jaws, along with the first two cervical vertebrae. It originates from outcrops ...
There is one disc between each pair of vertebrae, except for the first cervical segment, the atlas. The atlas is a ring around ... the roughly cone-shaped extension of the axis (second cervical segment). The axis acts as a post around which the atlas can ... There are 23 discs in the human spine: 6 in the neck (cervical region), 12 in the middle back (thoracic region), and 5 in the ... Median sagittal section through the occipital bone and first three cervical vertebrae. Costovertebral articulations. Anterior ...
... as in cervical vertebrae or cervical lymph nodes) or to the uterine cervix (as in cervical cap or cervical cancer). The neck ... An Interactive Cross-Sectional Anatomy Atlas. ... Thus the adjective cervical may refer either to the neck ( ... The cervical region of the human spine is made up of seven cervical vertebrae referred to as C-1 to C-7, with cartilaginous ... strained muscle or other soft tissue injury Cervical herniated disc Cervical spinal stenosis Osteoarthritis Vascular sources of ...
Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth, Fourth Edition, edited by Andreason J, Andreasen F, and Andersson ... Cervical fracture *Jefferson fracture. *Hangman's fracture. *Flexion teardrop fracture. *Clay-shoveler fracture ...
The rim of the enamel organ where the outer and inner enamel epithelium join is called the cervical loop. Cate, A.R. Ten. Oral ... Histology: a text and atlas. 4th edition. 2003. ISBN 0-683-30242-6.. ...
... The C1 vertebra, known as the atlas, is the superior-most vertebra in the spinal column. It ... The atlas is the thinnest and most delicate of the cervical vertebrae, consisting of a thin ring of bone with a few small ... The C1, or first cervical vertebra, is commonly called the atlas due to its unique position in the spine. In Greek mythology, ... Atlas was the titan who held the Earth on his shoulders, just like the atlas holds the skull on top of the neck. Continue ...
Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses and the posterior ... The vertebral arteries are about to enter the transverse foramina of the atlas. They are surrounded by a rete of veins which is ... Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses and the posterior arch. The mid-portion of the odontoid process displays ...
An automatic atlas-free method for segmenting the cervical spinal cord on midsagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images ( ... An automatic atlas-free method for segmenting the cervical spinal cord on midsagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images ( ... In this paper, we report an automatic atlas-free algorithm that can perform cervical spinal cord segmentation in standard T2- ... Atlas-Free Cervical Spinal Cord Segmentation on Midsagittal T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Images. ...
Cervical cancer. Colorectal cancer. Endometrial cancer. Glioma. Head and neck cancer. Liver cancer. Lung cancer. Melanoma. ... The Human Protein Atlas project is funded. by the Knut & Alice Wallenberg foundation. ... Cervical cancer. Colorectal cancer. Endometrial cancer. Glioma. Head and neck cancer. Liver cancer. Lung cancer. Melanoma. ... Cervical cancer. Colorectal cancer. Endometrial cancer. Glioma. Head and neck cancer. Liver cancer. Lung cancer. Melanoma. ...
The Human Protein Atlas project is funded. by the Knut & Alice Wallenberg foundation. ... CERVICAL CANCER - Interactive survival scatter ploti. The Survival Scatter plot shows the clinical status (i.e. dead or alive) ... CERVICAL CANCER - Protein expressioni. A mouse-over function shows sample information and annotation data. Click on an image to ... Note that samples used for immunohistochemistry by the Human Protein Atlas do not correspond to samples in the TCGA dataset. ...
Robert Atlas discuss cervical incompetence is a condition that can lead to miscarriage and premature births. ... About Robert Atlas, M.D. ›. Dr. Robert Atlas is Chair of The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Mercy and is committed ...
Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery, Neurosurgery" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery. Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine ... Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery. MD, Vincent C Traynelis, ... lp/ou_press/book-review-atlas-of-craniocervical-juntion-and-cervical-spine-surgery-C2rrdvIHId ...
Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cervical Spinal Nerves Eighth Cervical Nerve. ... "Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. ... The eight cervical nerve may give rise to a cutaneous branch of considerable size. Reference Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and ... Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D. Please send us comments by filling out ...
Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Third edition. by American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology ... primary cervical screening guidelines and the new 2012/2013 ASCCP updated guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical ... Given the changes to cervical cytology, it is important to keep editions of this book updated, especially if it is to serve as ... The first two editions of this book were published by the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP). This ...
... there is a forward rotary dislocation of the atlas on the axis. The articular facet on one side or the other of the atlas slips ... 5 The child apparently holds his head to one side to relieve the pain of a cervical adenitis and, after a variable period of ... it is most frequently seen following painful cervical adenitis. However, it has also been described following acute rheumatic ... AbstractROTARY dislocation of the atlas on the axis in association with infections about the head and neck and without known ...
Preferred examination All initial evaluations of cervical spine injuries should begin with plain radiographs. A variety of ... Fractures of the atlas. Fractures of the atlas are not uncommon and actually constitute 10% of all cervical spine injuries in ... For more information on cervical spine injuries, see the Medscape Reference articles Cervical Spine Anatomy, Cervical Spine ... See the cervical spine illustrations below.. Schematic lateral view of the cervical spine. A=anterior spinal line; B=posterior ...
Axial CT at the level of the first cervical vertebra (atlas). ... First cervical vertebra (atlas) level Axial CT at the level of ... Medical ImagingHead and NeckHead - axial CTFirst cervical vertebra (atlas) level ... Cervical Spine This article covers the anatomy of the cervical spine/vertebrae, such as nerves, ligaments, muscles, and ... CT and MRI imaging of normal anatomy at the level of the first cervical vertebra. [24:31] ...
Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex and important ... The key vertebrae in the CCJ is the atlas or 1st cervical vertebrae. When the atlas becomes misaligned it can increase tension ... atlas (1st cervical vertebrae), axis (second cervical vertebrae) and supporting muscles and ligaments. It is a transitional ... Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic Technique is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex joint ...
... File Name: atlas_of_craniocervical_junction_and_cervical_spine ... c1 and c2 form a unique set of articulationsupper cervical spine disors anatomy of the head and upper cervical spine disors ... this is aplex region where the skull and upper cervical spine connect. the connection between the brain and the spinal cord is ... the first 2 c1 and c2 are highly specialized and are given unique names atlas and axis respectively. c3c7 are more classic ...
"Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Caudal." Atlas of Pain Medicine Procedures Diwan S, ... Doshi R, Patel VB, Abdi S. Doshi R, Patel V.B., Abdi S Doshi, Raj, et al.Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, ... Chapter 21: Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Caudal Raj Doshi; Vikram B. Patel; ... The ligamentum flavum can be discontinuous in the cervical and high thoracic regions, making localization of the epidural space ...
Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network et al, 2013. The Cancer Genome Atlas Pan-Cancer analysis project. Nat Genet.. PubMed: ... The widespread use of cervical screening programs has reduced the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more in ... Cervical cancer. Colorectal cancer. Endometrial cancer. Glioma. Head and neck cancer. Liver cancer. Lung cancer. Melanoma. ... A pathology atlas of the human cancer transcriptome. Science.. PubMed: 28818916 DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2507 ...
2.32)Now well look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament.Heres ... The nuchal ligament limits forward flexion of the head and the cervical spine. It also serves as the attachment for some major ... The nuchal ligament limits forward flexion of the head and the cervical spine. It also serves as the attachment for some major ... Now well look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament. ...
History of cervical fractures or cervical surgeries. *History of prior Atlas alignment by National Upper Cervical Chiropractic ... First Visit Atlas Assessment. *Supine leg-length check: a misaligned Atlas results in leg-length disparities, apparent in ... Anatomical abnormalities of the cervical spine at the level of the Atlas vertebra are associated with relative ischemia of the ... may have cervical neck abnormalities related to the Atlas Vertebra.. Further studies need to be done to assess the mechanisms ...
For example, the cervical spinal nerve 3 (C3) passes above C3. Atlas and axisEdit. Main articles: Atlas (anatomy) and Axis ( ... the cervical vertebrae bear cervical ribs. In lizards and saurischian dinosaurs, the cervical ribs are large; in birds, they ... Cervical vertebrae. Position of human cervical vertebrae (shown in red). It consists of 7 bones, from top to bottom, C1, C2, C3 ... The atlas (C1) and axis (C2) are the two topmost vertebrae. The atlas (C1) is the topmost vertebra, and along with the axis ...
3.) Identify the two sub-triangles within the posterior cervical triangle.. Note: The posterior cervical triangle may be ... Using these muscles and skeletal landmarks, identify the posterior cervical triangle.. Note: The posterior cervical triangle is ... Locate the neck muscles of the posterior cervical triangle (lateral cervical region) ... The cervical enlargement of the spinal cord extends from C4-T1 segments, which roughly corresponds to the origin of the ...
As in the myth, the first cervical vertebra is known as the Atlas because it bears the weight of the whole head.. When there is ... The Atlas is the most delicate point of the entire system. We also find this idea in Greek mythology: Atlas is the giant who is ... Effects on the Axis and other cervical vertebrae:. Depending on the type of misalignment of the Atlas, negative impacts may ... In fact, by adjusting the Atlas, the second vertebra is also freed from potential misplacement, as are the other cervical ...
Arising here in front of it is the thyro-cervical trunk, a short vessel that immediately divides, giving off these branches to ... Arising here in front of it is the thyro-cervical trunk, a short vessel that immediately divides, giving off these branches to ... The inferior thyroid artery gives off this small ascending cervical artery, then runs medially, deep to the common carotid ... The inferior thyroid artery gives off this small ascending cervical artery, then runs medially, deep to the common carotid ...
The cervical spinal column is extremely vulnerable to injury. ... Cervical spine injury alters both load transmission and ... The cervical spine is divided into upper cervical spine which is formed by the atlas (C1), the axis (C2) and adjoining ... Splits the ring of the atlas into several fragments.. C2 or Axis Injuries. Fractures of the axis make up 27% of all cervical ... C1 and C2 Fractures[Atlas and Axis] and Other Injuries of Upper Cervical Spine. By Arun Pal Singh ...
Atlas Wellness Chiropractic of Houston Atlas Orthogonal Technique ( upper cervical chiropractic care) * Home ... As I am looking at the x-rays I tell her that half of the cervical spine was cut off on the films. She shuts the computer off ... Today, as I am writing this, my right sciatic nerve is throbbing and my right arm hurts from the cervical radiculitis. Thank ...
AxisLumbarTransversePathologyDisc arthroplastyLigamentsChiropracticThird through sixth cervical vertebraeInjuriesSecond vertebraSubaxialAnatomy of the cervical spineSpinal columnPosterior cervicalBonesColposcopySurface of the cervixSeventh cervicalFractureVertebra is knownPedicle screw placementAnterior cervical discectomyWhiplash injuryOccipitalNerveThoracic spineNeck painAtlanto-axialMusclesMovement of the cervicalAbnormalities of the cervicalUterineSurgicalBonyLaminectomySpine anatomyVertebral arterySpondylosisMyelopathyDegenerativeLateral mass screw fixationDiscectomyJoints in the upperCraniocervicalUpperZygapophyseal jointsDiagnosis of cervicalPatients with cervicalSkullFixationBiopsyVaginalJunction
- The inferior articular facets are extremely smooth on their inferior surfaces and form the lateral atlanto-axial joint between the atlas and the axis. (innerbody.com)
- In addition, several intertransversarii muscles connect the transverse processes of the atlas to those of the axis, allowing lateral flexion of the entire neck to pull the head laterally toward one of the shoulders. (innerbody.com)
- ROTARY dislocation of the atlas on the axis in association with infections about the head and neck and without known trauma is a syndrome which is seldom described. (mdedge.com)
- Anatomically, there is a forward rotary dislocation of the atlas on the axis. (mdedge.com)
- The articular facet on one side or the other of the atlas slips forward and downward on its opposing member on the axis and locks into position. (mdedge.com)
- The CCJ is a collective term that refers to the occiput (base of skull), atlas (1st cervical vertebrae), axis (second cervical vertebrae) and supporting muscles and ligaments. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
- the first 2 c1 and c2 are highly specialized and are given unique names atlas and axis respectively. (blogspot.com)
- Depending on the type of misalignment of the Atlas, negative impacts may also arise in the alignment of the Axis (second cervical vertebra, or C2). (blogspot.com)
- The cervical spine is divided into upper cervical spine which is formed by the atlas (C1), the axis (C2) and adjoining structures. (boneandspine.com)
- In normal conditions, the articulation of the odontoid process of C2 (axis) with the anterior arch of C1 (atlas) allows for 50% of the cervical lateral rotation. (boneandspine.com)
- The objective of the National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association (NUCCA) developed atlas correction procedure is restoration of misaligned spinal structures to the vertical axis or gravity line. (hindawi.com)
- Described as the "restoration principle," realignment aims to reestablish a patient's normal biomechanical relationship of the upper cervical spine to the vertical axis (gravity line). (hindawi.com)
- First cervical vertebra supporting the head and supported by the axis. (ikonet.com)
- Cervical vertebrae, the atlas and the axis. (medscape.com)
- C2 is the axis and includes the dens (odontoid process), a tooth-like bone that projects upward into the ring of the atlas. (spineuniverse.com)
- The axis and atlas allow the head to rotate, move side-to-side, and move forward and backward. (spineuniverse.com)
- The third through sixth cervical vertebrae (C3-C6) are different from the atlas and axis. (spineuniverse.com)
- These cervical vertebrae are called the axis and the atlas. (reference.com)
- When a headache is sudden, severe, or persistent, it is important to have a medical evaluation before concluding that you have a neck-related headache or before submitting to neck manipulation, especially upper cervical manipulation that involves rotation of the atlas on the axis. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- There are no interlocking joint surfaces and no intervertebral disc to limit rotation of the atlas on the axis, which is restrained primarily by ligaments. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- When rotation of the atlas exceeds 45 or 50 degrees, vertebral arteries threading through transverse processes on each side of the axis and atlas (to enter an opening in the base of the skull) are stretched, risking stroke caused by vertebral artery dissection or clot formation. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- Forced rotation of the atlas on the axis past 45 or 50 degrees stretches the vertebral arteries. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- The atlas is shown in the rotated position on the axis. (nih.gov)
- Human vertebrae - showing atlas, axis above, thoracic vertebrae in lower left & lumbar vertebrae in lower right. (washington.edu)
- Cervical vertebrae - lower left are the atlas & axis (it's odontoid process is broken off, but note the large neural spine). (washington.edu)
- Axis - 2nd cervical vertebra of large ungulate, lateral view. (washington.edu)
- They are also called the atlas and axis vertebrae. (spine-health.com)
- It takes its name from the proper name of the first cervical vertebrae (the atlas) and the second vertebrae (the axis). (angelfire.com)
- The axis, which is the second cervical vertebra. (usf.edu)
- Side view of the axis, the second cervical vertebra. (usf.edu)
- Second cervical vertebra, or axis. (usf.edu)
- The axis is the second of seven bones in the cervical spine. (healthline.com)
- The axis, also known as the C2 bone , creates a pivot that allows the C1, or atlas, to rotate. (healthline.com)
- Another special characteristic of the axis and all other cervical vertebrae is the absence of a body, or large flat portion of the bone. (healthline.com)
- Injury to the atlas or axis, such as fracture from a high-impact collision or sudden, violent jerking of the head, may cause paralysis and it some cases can even be fatal. (healthline.com)
- The atlas and axis are the two most commonly injured cervical vertebrae bones. (healthline.com)
- The C1 vertebra, which supports the skull, is termed the atlas, and C2, which serves as a pivot for the atlas, is termed the axis. (dartmouth.edu)
- The axis (C2) is characterized by the dens (or odontoid process), which projects upward from the body and articulates with the anterior arch of the atlas. (dartmouth.edu)
- Truncal vertebrae (divided into thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in mammals ) lie caudal (toward the tail) of cervical vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
- In humans, cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the true vertebrae and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar regions by the presence of a foramen (hole) in each transverse process, through which the vertebral artery , vertebral veins , and inferior cervical ganglion pass. (wikipedia.org)
- Bony parts supporting the ribs between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae. (ikonet.com)
- The spinal cord is located in the vertebral foramen and is made up of 31 segments: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 1 coccygeal. (washington.edu)
- These segments are those that contain motor neurons that control movement of the arms (cervical segment) and legs (lumbar segment). (washington.edu)
- The human spinal column is made up of 33 bones: 7 vertebrae in the cervical region, 12 in the thoracic region, 5 in the lumbar region, 5 in the sacral region and 4 in the coccygeal region. (washington.edu)
- An overhead view of the fourth cervical vertebra is typically shaped as the other vertebrae in thoracic and lumbar spine. (spineuniverse.com)
- Dolphin Vertebrae - The upper vertebra is from the lumbar region & the lower, narrow one is a cervical. (washington.edu)
- A lateral view of the spine divided into its cervical, dorsal, and lumbar portions. (usf.edu)
- The vertebral column usually consists of 33 vertebrae: 24 presacral vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, and 5 lumbar) followed by the sacrum (5 fused sacral vertebrae) and the coccyx (4 frequently fused coccygeal vertebrae). (dartmouth.edu)
- The adult vertebral column presents four anteroposterior curvatures: thoracic and sacral, both concave anteriorly, and cervical and lumbar, both concave posteriorly (fig. 39-1 ). (dartmouth.edu)
- The thoracic and sacral curvatures, termed primary, appear during the embryonic period proper, whereas the cervical and lumbar curvatures, termed secondary, appear later (although before birth) and are accentuated in infancy by support of the head and by the adoption of an upright posture. (dartmouth.edu)
- Many neck muscles work together to rotate the head, but several of these muscles - including the rectus capitis lateralis and obliquus capitis superior - arise from the transverse processes of the atlas. (innerbody.com)
- The vertebral arteries are about to enter the transverse foramina of the atlas. (spineuniverse.com)
- The vertebral transverse processes of mammals are homologous to the cervical ribs of other amniotes . (wikipedia.org)
- Transverse cervical a. (google.com)
- The atlanto-axial joint is kept in place by four ligaments: the articular capsules, the anterior and posterior atlantoaxial ligaments and the transverse ligament of the atlas. (reference.com)
- The dens is anchored to the occipital bone (by apical and alar ligaments) and is limited behind by the transverse ligament of the atlas (fig. 39-3 ). (dartmouth.edu)
- Modern Colposcopy, 3rd Edition, has been updated to include the 2012 American Cancer Society/ASCCP/American Society for Clinical Pathology (ACS/ASCCP/ASCP) primary cervical screening guidelines and the new 2012/2013 ASCCP updated guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cytology and cervical precancer. (lww.co.uk)
- The first two editions of this book were published by the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP). (lww.co.uk)
- Rauschning W (1991) Anatomy and pathology of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
- Patients with cervical tumors or pathology demonstrating neurofibroma were excluded (n = 14). (thejns.org)
- Burghardt's Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology 4th Edition by Frank Girardi and Publisher Thieme Medical Publishers. (vitalsource.com)
- A comparison of cervical disc arthroplasty and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in patients with two-level cervical degenerative disc disease: 5-year follow-up results. (bioportfolio.com)
- Reoperation and complications after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and cervical disc arthroplasty: a study of 52,395 cases. (bioportfolio.com)
- Comparison of Mobi-C Cervical Disc Arthroplasty versus Fusion for the Treatment of Symptomatic Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease. (bioportfolio.com)
- Mobi-C cervical disc arthroplasty (MCDA) has been regarded as an alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). (bioportfolio.com)
- Is cervical disc arthroplasty good for congenital cervical stenosis? (thejns.org)
- Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been demonstrated to be as safe and effective as anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the management of 1- and 2-level degenerative disc disease (DDD). (thejns.org)
- Illustration of the cervical spine (side view) showing a fracture of the anterior inferior corner of the vertebral body and disruption of the interspinous stabilizing ligaments. (medscape.com)
- When the atlas becomes misaligned it can increase tension on the spinal cord, spinal nerves, muscles, ligaments, veins and arteries in the CCJ and can disrupt the proper function of the nerve, muscular, vestibular, vascular, and cerebral spinal fluid systems. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
- Now we'll look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament. (aclandanatomy.com)
- The specific arrangement of ligaments at the craniocervical junction utilizes the atlas as a washer or base for a coupled, multiplanar motion. (boneandspine.com)
- This video animation about the cervical spine explains the many different anatomical parts of the neck, including the vertebrae, joints, intervertebral discs, ligaments, and more. (spineuniverse.com)
- More than 12 different ligaments help stabilize the cervical spinal column and control and prevent excessive movement, such as hyperextension (backward) and hyperflexion (forward). (spineuniverse.com)
- The capsular ligaments are the main stabilizing structures of the facet joints in the cervical spine and have been implicated as a major source of chronic neck pain. (nih.gov)
- When the capsular ligaments are injured, they become elongated and exhibit laxity, which causes excessive movement of the cervical vertebrae. (nih.gov)
- The cause may include abnormalities of the ligaments, or bony abnormalities of the cervical vertebrae or both. (angelfire.com)
- Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic Technique is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex joint region in the body: The Cranio-cervical junction (CCJ). (thevitalenergycenter.com)
- After baseline measures subjects were randomized to receive a National Upper Cervical Chiropractic (NUCCA) procedure or a sham procedure. (ucmonograph.org)
- This observational pilot study followed eleven neurologist diagnosed migraine subjects to determine if the case findings were repeatable at baseline, week four, and week eight, following a National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association intervention. (hindawi.com)
- The finding of "angular displacements of upper cervical vertebrae" is an upper chiropractic delusion: actual displacements have not been confirmed by conventional radiologists. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- 'Sixty Patients With Chronic Vertigo Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis' by Erin L. Elster, DC. (erinelster.com)
- 'Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care Corrects Dizziness / Vertigo' by Erin Elster, DC. (erinelster.com)
- 'Chronic Vertigo Sufferers Find Relief With Upper Cervical Chiropractic' by Erin Elster, D.C. (erinelster.com)
- All initial evaluations of cervical spine injuries should begin with plain radiographs. (medscape.com)
- Platzer et al looked at the frequency and reasons for delayed or missed diagnosis at a level 1 trauma unit with a view to provide recommendations for optimal examination of patients with suspected cervical spine injuries. (medscape.com)
- The authors suggested that for optimal examination of patients with suspected cervical spine injuries, specific diagnostic algorithms are needed, including complete sets of proper radiographs with functional flexion/extension views, secondary evaluation of the radiographs by experienced staff, and further radiologic examinations (CT, MRI) if evaluation of standard views is difficult. (medscape.com)
- uptodate evaluation and management in adult patients with new neck pain cervical spine imaging of adults following traumac2 fractures background anatomy pathophysiology cervical spine cspine injuries are the most feared of all spinal injuries because of the potential for significantleterious sequelae. (blogspot.com)
- Acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in sports range from mild sprains to fracture dislocations with catastrophic consequences. (springer.com)
- Serious acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports are rare but are seen with greater frequency in certain sports such as football, hockey, and gymnastics. (springer.com)
- Overuse injuries to the cervical and thoracic spine are seen in noncontact sports and can result in spinal deformity and adult pattern injury. (springer.com)
- This chapter covers common acute and overuse cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports, with a focus on clinical and radiographic diagnosis, acute management of the injury, and return-to-play guidelines. (springer.com)
- Zhang J, Tsuzuki N, Hirabayashi S, Saiki K, Fujita K (2003) Surgical anatomy of the nerves and muscles in the posterior cervical spine: a guide for avoiding inadvertent nerve injuries during the posterior approach. (springer.com)
- The most frequent cervical injuries in athletes are probably acute strains and sprains of the musculature of the neck, as well as soft-tissue contusions. (medscape.com)
- Practically, a cervical sprain may be difficult to differentiate from a strain, and the 2 injuries often occur simultaneously. (medscape.com)
- The mainstay of prevention and treatment of cervical spine injuries is maintaining good strength and flexibility through conditioning. (medscape.com)
- Cervical spine injuries occur in an estimated 10-15% of football players, most commonly in defensive ends, linemen, and linebackers. (medscape.com)
- The relationship between cervical whiplash and temporomandibular joint injuries: an MRI study. (erinelster.com)
- Pressman BD, Shellock FG, Schames J. MR imaging of temporomandibular joint abnormalities associated with cervical hyperextension/hyperflexion (whiplash) injuries. (erinelster.com)
- All patients showed evidence of trauma-induced upper cervical injuries during examination (upper cervical radiographs and digital infrared imaging). (erinelster.com)
- Many patients recalled specific incidences of trauma (auto accidents, falls, concussions, whiplashes, sports injuries) that could have caused their upper cervical injuries while some did not. (erinelster.com)
- Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery MD, Vincent C Traynelis, 2018-05-08 00:00:00 True to the title, this work is focused on surgery of the craniovertebral junction and subaxial cervical spine. (deepdyve.com)
- It segregates the material into 3 regions: the craniocervical junction, the subaxial cervical spine, and anatomy of the neck. (deepdyve.com)
- This section is subdivided into anterior approaches for the craniovertebral junction, anterior and lateral approaches for the subaxial cervical spine, posterior approaches to the subaxial cervical spine, illustrative cases, and complications. (deepdyve.com)
- Cervical lateral mass screw fixation is indicated for the treatment of cervical subaxial C3-C7 lesions associated with instability. (springer.com)
- The authors first describe the surgical anatomy of the subaxial cervical posterior approach. (springer.com)
- Accuracy and Safety of Lateral Vertebral Notch-Referred Technique Used in Subaxial Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement. (bioportfolio.com)
- Biomechanical studies revealed that pedicle screw instrumentation has a superior stabilizing effect compared with other internal fixations in reconstructing the subaxial cervical spine. (bioportfolio.com)
- Inclusion criteria were age less than 50 years, CCS (Pavlov ratio ≤ 0.82), symptomatic myelopathy correlated with DDD, and stenosis limited to 3 levels of the subaxial cervical (C3-7) spine. (thejns.org)
- The C1 vertebra, known as the atlas, is the superior-most vertebra in the spinal column. (innerbody.com)
- The anatomy of the spinal column is comparable to a precision mechanism: the slightest shift of the Atlas from its correct anatomical and physiological location can have negative repercussions on the entire musculoskeletal, postural, circulatory and parasympathetic nervous systems , as well as the body in general. (blogspot.com)
- The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm. (bioportfolio.com)
- The cervical spine, also known as the neck, is made up of the first 7 vertebrae in your spinal column. (spineuniverse.com)
- At the cervical region the spinal column is further classified into an upper and lower cervical region. (healthline.com)
- Using these muscles and skeletal landmarks, identify the posterior cervical triangle. (google.com)
- Note: The posterior cervical triangle is bounded anteriorly by the posterior border of the SCM, posteriorly by the superior part of the trapezius, and inferiorly by the clavicle. (google.com)
- 3.) Identify the two sub-triangles within the posterior cervical triangle. (google.com)
- Note: The posterior cervical triangle may be subdivided into two triangles. (google.com)
- Heller JG, Silcox DH III, Sutterlin CE III (1995) Complications of posterior cervical plating. (springer.com)
- For a cervical Laminectomy, an incision is made either in the back of the neck (posterior cervical) or in the front side of neck (anterior cervical) depending on the location of the problem. (angelfire.com)
- The blade may contain small portions of the fifth and sixth neck bones (cervical vertebrae). (gc.ca)
- Most mammals have only seven neck bones (cervical vertebrae), but there are exceptions to this rule. (washington.edu)
- The 7 cervical vertebrae form the bones of the neck that support the skull and organs of the head. (innerbody.com)
- This product is considered the standard of colposcopy and has the reputation of being the bestselling educational teaching module for the physician, resident, or advanced practice clinician who wishes to bridge the gap between the obvious need for increased early detection of cervical, vaginal, and vulvar disease and the intensive education required for colposcopy. (lww.co.uk)
- This chapter discusses four significant items: (1) incidences of abnormal colposcopy in healthy women, (2) comparison of its abnormality with histology and (3) cytology, and (4) colposcopic findings focused on the lesions in cervical canal to prevent misdiagnosis. (intechopen.com)
- Illustration of the upper cervical spine (side view) with bilateral fractures through the pedicles of C2, consistent with a hangman fracture. (medscape.com)
- Cervical spine fracture through a cervical disc replacement. (bioportfolio.com)
- Jefferson's fracture fracture of the atlas (first cervical vertebra). (thefreedictionary.com)
- The anterior tubercle of the sixth cervical vertebra is known as the carotid tubercle or Chassaignac tubercle . (wikipedia.org)
- As in the myth, the first cervical vertebra is known as the Atlas because it bears the weight of the whole head. (blogspot.com)
- The first cervical vertebra is known in the Terminologia Anatomica and the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria with the name of Atlas [C (bvsalud.org)
- Ishikawa Y, Kanemura T, Yoshida G, Ito Z, Muramoto A, Ohno S (2010) Clinical accuracy of three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based computer-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement: a retrospective comparative study of conventional versus computer-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement. (springer.com)
- Comparison of the adverse events of anterior cervical disc replacement versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomized controlled trials. (bioportfolio.com)
- In the current surgical therapeutic regimen for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease, both anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and anterior cervical disc replacement (ACDR) are st. (bioportfolio.com)
- The aim of this study was to analyze rates of perioperative complications and subsequent cervical surgeries in patients treated for cervical degenerative disc disease with anterior cervical discectomy. (bioportfolio.com)
- The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and effectiveness of the Advent™ Cervical Disc compared to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) in treating degenerative di. (bioportfolio.com)
- This study is intended to demonstrate that the Simplify™ Disc is at least as safe and effective as conventional anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) when used to treat one leve. (bioportfolio.com)
- To compare the effect of anterior cervical discectomy without fusion (ACD), anterior c. (bioportfolio.com)
- Consecutive patients who underwent 3-level anterior cervical discectomy were retrospectively reviewed. (thejns.org)
- Chronic neck pain often reflects a state of instability in the cervical spine and is a symptom common to a number of conditions described herein, including disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, whiplash injury and whiplash associated disorder, postconcussion syndrome, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, and Barré-Liéou syndrome. (nih.gov)
- Kronn E. The incidence of TMJ dysfunction in patients who have suffered a cervical whiplash injury following a traffic accident. (erinelster.com)
- Jenzer G. Clinical aspects and neurologic expert assessment in sequelae of whiplash injury to the cervical spine. (erinelster.com)
- The atlas is located at the top of the neck, just inferior to the condyles of the occipital bone of the skull and superior to the C2 vertebra. (innerbody.com)
- december 2017 uk researchers find significant correlations using flexedneck position mri scans of cavaliers and other brachycephalic dogs with and without chiarilike malformation.occipital condyles wikipedia the occipital condyles are ursurface protuberances of the occipital bone in vertebrates which function in articulation with the superior facets of the atlas vertebra.normal thickness and appearance of the prevertebral soft materials and methods. (blogspot.com)
- La primera vértebra cervical establece una articulación sinovial con los cóndilos del occipital, sin que haya de por medio disco fibrocartilaginoso. (bvsalud.org)
- The first cervical vertebra establishes a synovial joint with the occipital condyles , without having a fibrocartilaginous disc. (bvsalud.org)
- The C1 vertebra, or atlas, is ring-shaped, has large lateral masses, and attaches to the occipital condyles of the skull, providing support. (medscape.com)
- The muscle originates at the atlas bone of the cervical vertebrae (the topmost vertebra) and inserts into the skull's occipital bone. (healthline.com)
- The eight cervical nerve may give rise to a cutaneous branch of considerable size. (anatomyatlases.org)
- Today, as I am writing this, my right sciatic nerve is throbbing and my right arm hurts from the cervical radiculitis. (atlaswellness.org)
- A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. (bioportfolio.com)
- A cervicogenic headache has been defined as a secondary headache (beginning in the suboccipital area) caused by nerve pain referred from a source in the upper cervical spine. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- In the upper cervical spine (C0-C2), this can cause a number of other symptoms including, but not limited to, nerve irritation and vertebrobasilar insufficiency with associated vertigo, tinnitus, dizziness, facial pain, arm pain, and migraine headaches. (nih.gov)
- Our purpose was to use 1.5-T functional MR imaging (fMRI) to visualize the location of cranial nerve (CN) nuclei and other pontine, bulbar, and cervical spinal cord nuclei by using specific sensory stimulation or motor performance. (ajnr.org)
- The first cervical spinal nerve (C1) innervates (supplies nerves to) the muscle. (healthline.com)
- This nerve extends from the atlas bone. (healthline.com)
- Focusing on the "how-to" details of pain management injection techniques, this best-selling atlas helps you master the key nerve blocks you need to know to successfully treat common and uncommon pain syndromes. (researchandmarkets.com)
- The first cervical nerve emerges between the skull and the atlas, and cervical nerves C2 to 7 continue to leave the vertebral canal above the correspondingly numbered vertebrae. (dartmouth.edu)
- Those with hypertension and absence of neck pain will have misalignment of their Atlas vertebra where upon correction will lead to significant lowering of their blood pressure. (ucmonograph.org)
- Cervical spine manipulation has been found to be effective in patients with mechanical neck pain. (bioportfolio.com)
- The aim of this study will be to investigate the effects of cervical spine manipulation on pain, disability and cervicokinethesia in patients with mechanical neck pain. (bioportfolio.com)
- The aims of this study were to examine autonomic nervous system responses by using heart rate variability analysis (HRV), hemodynamic parameters and numeric pain scale (NPS) when either upper (C1 and C2) or lower (C6 and C7) cervical segments were manipulated in volunteers, and whether such response would be altered in acute mechanical neck pain patients after spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). (chiro.org)
- However, dominance of parasympathetic activity was found in patients with neck pain that received both upper and lower cervical SMT. (chiro.org)
- Chronic neck pain: making the connection between capsular ligament laxity and cervical instability. (nih.gov)
- In the lower cervical spine (C3-C7), this can cause muscle spasms, crepitation, and/or paresthesia in addition to chronic neck pain. (nih.gov)
- Based on clinical studies and experience with patients who have visited our chronic pain clinic with complaints of chronic neck pain, we contend that prolotherapy offers a potentially curative treatment option for chronic neck pain related to capsular ligament laxity and underlying cervical instability. (nih.gov)
- Of note is the repeated exacerbation of neck pain that often precedes exacerbation in ear symptoms, along with the relief of both following adjustment and an association between improved hearing and improved cervical alignment. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- Of these muscles, the longus colli muscle inserts at the anterior tubercle of the atlas and the rectus capitis posterior muscle arises from the posterior tubercle. (innerbody.com)
- therefore, afferent supply to these muscles comes from ventral primary rami of cervical nerves (C2-C4). (google.com)
- Cervical muscles that are commonly strained include the sternocleidomastoid (SCM), the trapezius, the rhomboids, the erector spinae, the scalenes, and the levator scapulae. (medscape.com)
- and cervical spinal cord levels C1-C3, tongue movement to activate the strap muscles. (ajnr.org)
- Insufficiency fractures in patients treated with pelvic radiotherapy and chemotherapy for uterine and cervical cancer. (semanticscholar.org)
- Background: Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) represents a public health problem in many part of the world. (scirp.org)
- Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) is the fourth most common malignant neoplasia in women worldwide . (scirp.org)
- Surgical anatomy imaging associated with cervical cancer treatment: A cadaveric study. (semanticscholar.org)
- Cervical disc replacement (CDR) is a viable option for the surgical treatment o. (bioportfolio.com)
- Surgical treatment mainly includes anterior cervical disk fusion. (bioportfolio.com)
- Also included are the indications and surgical techniques involving an open standard approach, giving a most exhaustive knowledge of the cervical spine surgery. (springer.com)
- This well-illustrated atlas provides detailed coverage of the surgical anatomy of the skeletal system of dogs and cats. (elsevier.com)
- The first Atlas was published in 2015 and focused on care related to antibiotic prescribing, surgical, mental health and diagnostic services. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- The second Atlas , released in 2017, examined chronic disease and infection - potentially preventable hospitalisations, cardiovascular conditions, women's health and maternity and surgical interventions. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- The spinal cord and spinal nerves that pass through the vertebral foramen of the neck are shielded from physical injury by the bony ring of the atlas. (innerbody.com)
- So the upper cervical spine includes bony and ligamentous structures between the skull base and the cranial side of the C-3 vertebra. (boneandspine.com)
- The combination of a high degree of motility and relatively delicate ligamentous and bony structures makes the upper cervical spine susceptible to injury from indirect high-energy trauma. (boneandspine.com)
- Used alone or in combination, our method lays a foundation for computer-aided diagnosis of spinal diseases, particularly cervical spondylotic myelopathy. (hindawi.com)
- Among them, cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the commonest cause of spinal cord dysfunction in adults globally [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Current radiological modality of choice to assess the severity of cervical myelopathy is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (hindawi.com)
- Based on these methods, experts have developed standardized measurements on midsagittal MR images to quantitatively assess the severity of cord compression in cervical myelopathy in recent years [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a common cause of neurological disability, especially in aging populations. (bioportfolio.com)
- However, there has been a lack of data to address the fundamental discrepancy between the two surgeries (CDA vs ACDF), and preservation versus elimination of motion, in the management of cervical myelopathy associated with congenital cervical stenosis (CCS). (thejns.org)
- Cervical Spine Surgery Challenges: Diagnosis and Management is a practical reference for surgeons treating patients with the full range of cervical spine disorders, including degenerative spine conditions, neoplasms, inflammatory conditions, infectious conditions, trauma, and deformities. (barnesandnoble.com)
- Patients with single-level cervical degenerative disc disease commonly undertook anterior discectomy. (bioportfolio.com)
- These joints of Luschka, also known as uncovertebral joints, are not present in the embryologic development of the cervical spine but arise as a result of the degenerative and adaptive changes of annular tissue to stresses and loads. (medscape.com)
- There are five joints in the upper cervical spine which are stabilized by ligamentous check rein and muscular control. (boneandspine.com)
- The greatest amount of rotation in the cervical spine occurs in the atlanto-axial (C1-2) joints in the upper cervical spine where vertebral arteries are most often injured. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- An injury to osseoligamentous components in this region may, therefore, compromise the structural integrity of the entire craniocervical junction and therefore needs to be addressed separately from rest of cervical spine. (boneandspine.com)
- Friedman MH, Weisberg J. The craniocervical connection: a retrospective analysis of 300 whiplash patients with cervical and temporomandibular disorders. (erinelster.com)
- When cervical trauma exists, it may be at multiple levels, justifying the fact that if treatment is to be instituted, imaging should include the upper and lower cervical hinges. (medscape.com)
- Seattle Upper Cervical Chiropractor Dr. Jared Kohler has helped people from across the globe with the precision Atlas Orthogonal technique. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
- this is aplex region where the skull and upper cervical spine connect. (blogspot.com)
- Technically, however, skull base is not a part of the upper cervical spine. (boneandspine.com)
- The upper cervical spine is thought to contribute approximately 60% of rotation, 40% of flexion-extension, and 45% of overall neck motion. (boneandspine.com)
- Pal GP, Routal RV, Saggu SK (2001) The orientation of the articular facets of the zygapophyseal joints at the cervical and upper thoracic region. (springer.com)
- The mobilization and manipulation of upper cervical spine are the most popular treatment in this patients. (bioportfolio.com)
- Statistical analyses showed that aggravations of subluxation of 2.5 mm or greater were more likely to occur in RA patients than in non-RA patients over an average of 4.2 years of follow-up, and postoperative subluxation occurred in the anterior direction in the upper cervical spine. (biomedsearch.com)
- The increase of the atlantoaxial angel at the operation can lead to a decrease in the C2-C7 angle, followed by anterior subluxation of the upper cervical spine and possibly neurological deterioration. (biomedsearch.com)
- HRV, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR), and NPS were recorded after upper cervical and lower cervical segments SMT in volunteer and patient groups. (chiro.org)
- P = .02) after upper cervical SMT. (chiro.org)
- The normalized unit of high frequency (nuHF), which shows parasympathetic activity, was predominant (40.18 9 vs. 46.08 14) after upper cervical SMT (P = .03) with a significant decrease (109 10 vs. 98 5) in systolic BP (P = .002). (chiro.org)
- P = .03) following both upper and lower cervical SMT in the patient's group. (chiro.org)
- The baseline HR was 67 9 vs 64 5 (upper cervical) and 65 7 vs 69 11 (lower cervical) in both the healthy volunteer' and patient' groups. (chiro.org)
- Upper cervical SMT enhances dominance of parasympathetic and lower cervical SMT enhances dominance of sympathetic activity in this young volunteer group. (chiro.org)
- There are a number of published studies advocating use of upper cervical manipulation as a treatment for cervicogenic headache, 2 often without adequate consideration of the danger of such treatment. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- While upper neck manipulation might sometimes be an effective treatment for a cervicogenic headache, care must be taken to avoid upper cervical manipulative techniques that may pose risk of stroke by damaging vertebral and internal carotid arteries. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- The prevailing view of neck manipulation, based on scientific consensus, suggests that rotatory upper cervical manipulation is unsafe and that there is no known benefit that outweighs the risk of such treatment. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- Unless a specific upper cervical problem has been identified that can benefit from manipulation that does not involve more than 50 degrees of atlanto-axial rotation, there may be no justification for use of upper neck manipulation. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- The spinal cord is protected by the C1-C2 vertebrae in the upper cervical area. (spine-health.com)
- Hearing fluctuated in approximate synchrony with changes in angular displacements of upper cervical vertebrae during the treatment period. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- The Pettibon system is an upper cervical method that is not supported by any credible evidence. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
- Abnormal neural input from the central nervous system due to upper cervical joint dysfunction (from traumatic injury) can result in abnormal TMJ muscle coordination. (erinelster.com)
- Following the trauma to the upper cervical spine and temporomandibular joint, symptoms can be triggered immediately or can take months or years to develop. (erinelster.com)
- An evaluation is necessary in each individual's case to assess whether an upper cervical injury is present and whether benefit from upper cervical care can be achieved. (erinelster.com)
- 'Upper Cervical Management of Primary Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome' by William Amalu, DC. (erinelster.com)
- An appropriate choice has to be made quickly to make a diagnosis of cervical trauma. (medscape.com)
- A sprain refers to a ligamentous injury, and the diagnosis of cervical sprain implies that the ligamentous and capsular structures connecting the cervical facet joints and vertebrae have been damaged. (medscape.com)
- In Greek mythology, Atlas was the titan who held the Earth on his shoulders, just like the atlas holds the skull on top of the neck. (innerbody.com)
- By convention, the cervical vertebrae are numbered, with the first one (C1) closest to the skull and higher numbered vertebrae (C2-C7) proceeding away from the skull and down the spine. (wikipedia.org)
- Flat bone of the lower back part of the skull articulating with the parietal bone and the atlas. (ikonet.com)
- The cervical spine begins at the base of the skull. (spineuniverse.com)
- The meticulous excavation, cleaning and scanning of the skull of the ~3.67 million-year-old fossil specimen has revealed the most complete Australopithecus adult first cervical vertebra yet found. (news-medical.net)
- The shape of the atlas determines the range of head motions while the size of the arteries passing through the vertebrae to the skull is useful for estimating blood flow supplying the brain. (news-medical.net)
- An HS, Gordin R, Renner K (1991) Anatomic considerations for plate-screw fixation of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
- The most common cervical abnormality associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is atlantoaxial subluxation, and atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation has proved to be one of the most reliable, stable fixation techniques for treating atlantoaxial subluxation. (biomedsearch.com)
- A bone plate for use in anterior cervical spinal fixation has interlocking components to prevent dislodgement of the plate due to anatomical forces. (google.com)
- Among several potential causes, unexplained infertility could be attributed to vaginal pH and cervical mucus abnormalities. (scielo.br)
- Given this expected high spermatozoa loss, a slight modification in cervical mucus may rapidly transform the cervix into a "hostile" environment, which, together with changes in vaginal environment and cervix structure, may prevent natural conception and be a cause of infertility. (scielo.br)
- In this review, we discuss the physiological role of the vaginal pH and cervical mucus in fertility, and describe several conditions that can render the cervical mucus hostile to sperm and therefore be implicated in the pathophysiology of unexplained infertility. (scielo.br)
- Entre as várias causas potenciais de infertilidade inexplicada, a presença de muco cervical e pH vaginal anormais devem ser consideradas. (scielo.br)
- Embora a produção adequada de muco cervical seja essencial para o transporte dos espermatozóides da vagina para a cavidade uterina, e tanto o canal vaginal quanto o colo do útero desempenham função importante como barreira à passagem dos espermatozóides, estes fatores recebem pouca atenção na investigação de casais com infertilidade inexplicada. (scielo.br)
- Nesta revisão, discutimos o papel fisiológico do pH vaginal e do muco cervical na fertilidade, descrever várias condicões que podem tornar o muco cervical hostil aos espermatozoides e, por fim analisamos como estes fatores interferem na fisiopatologia da infertilidade inexplicada. (scielo.br)
- Although it is well established that the vaginal pH and cervical mucus play important roles in maintaining sperm function after intercourse, their importance in unexplained infertility is generally underestimated. (scielo.br)
- One deficiency is failure to include the cervical thoracic junction. (deepdyve.com)
- This region is just as important in cervical spine surgery as the craniovertebral junction and hopefully in a future edition this region will be included. (deepdyve.com)
- The superior and inferior articular processes of cervical vertebrae have fused on either or both sides to form articular pillars , columns of bone that project laterally from the junction of the pedicle and lamina. (wikipedia.org)
- Bauer R, Kerschbaumer F, Poisel S (1993) Posterior approach to the cervical spine with occipitocervical junction. (springer.com)