The first cervical vertebra.
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.
A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Establishment of the age of an individual by examination of their skeletal structure.
Surgical incision of the trachea.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the larynx.
An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.
Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.
Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.
The voluntary portion of Medicare, known as the Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) Program, that includes physician's services, home health care, medical services, outpatient hospital services, and laboratory, pathology, and radiology services. All persons entitled to Medicare Part A may enroll in Medicare Part B on a monthly premium basis.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.
The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
A developmental deformity of the occipital bone and upper end of the cervical spine, in which the latter appears to have pushed the floor of the occipital bone upward. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.

Partial aplasia of the posterior arch of the atlas with an isolated posterior arch remnant: findings in three cases. (1/126)

We report the imaging findings in three symptomatic cases of partial aplasia of the posterior arch of the atlas with an isolated posterior remnant of the arch. These cases are instructive in illustrating the mechanism of cord impingement produced by the posterior arch remnant during extension of the cervical spine. Additionally, focal increased T2 signal was observed within the cord at the level of the anomaly in two of the patients.  (+info)

Quantitative anatomy of the lateral masses of the atlas and axis vertebrae. (2/126)

The study was carried out to determine the safe site of entry and the appropriate trajectory of the screw implantation in the lateral masses of atlas (Cl) and axis (C2) during their fixation using the plate and screw technique. Fifty dried specimens of atlas and axis vertebrae were studied. Various dimensions of the lateral masses were quantitatively measured, laying stress on their relationship with the vertebral artery foramen. As the vertebral artery foramen was present entirely in the transverse process in all specimens, screw implantation in the facet of atlas was relatively safe. Best direction of screw implantation in the facet of atlas was observed to be 15 degrees medial to sagittal plane and 15 degrees superior to axial plane. It should be implanted from the middle of the posterior surface of facet. Vertebral artery foramen formed a deep groove in the undersurface of a majority of superior facets of axis. In 15% facets, vertebral artery foramen occupied the entire undersurface of the superior facet. Safe angle for screw implantation in the facet of axis through its pedicle was seen to be 40 degrees medial to sagittal plane and 20 degrees superior to axial plane. Safe site of screw entry in the axis was superior and medial third of the posterior surface of the pedicle. Quality of cancellous bone in the lateral masses in the proposed trajectory of screw in Cl and C2 was good, providing an excellent purchase of the screw.  (+info)

Atlas hypoplasia manifesting as myelopathy in a child--case report. (3/126)

A 14-year-old Japanese boy presented with myelopathy due to atlas hypoplasia with complete posterior arch. Decompressive laminectomy of the atlas produced good neurological recovery, and follow-up T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed disappearance of spinal cord edema. Congenital atlas stenosis may be symptomatic even in children, with no accompanying cervical spondylotic change. Such cases have previously occurred only in Asian adults. A radiological study of the patient's brother showed median cleft formation of the posterior arch of atlas, indicative of a wide spectrum of atlas anomalies and a possible genetic relationship between these anomalies.  (+info)

Finite element model of the Jefferson fracture: comparison with a cadaver model. (4/126)

This study tries to explain the reason why the Jefferson fracture is a burst fracture, using two different biomechanical models: a finite element model (FEM) and a cadaver model used to determine strain distribution in C1 during axial static compressive loading. For the FEM model, a three-dimensional model of C1 was obtained from a 29-year-old healthy human, using axial CT scans with intervals of 1.0 mm. The mesh model was composed of 8200 four-noded isoparametric tetrahedrons and 37,400 solid elements. The material properties of the cortical bone of the vertebra were assessed according to the previous literature and were assumed to be linear isotropic and homogeneous for all elements. Axial static compressive loads were applied at between 200 and 1200 N. The strain and stress (maximum shear and von Mises) analyses were determined on the clinically relevant fracture lines of anterior and posterior arches. The results of the FEM were compared with a cadaver model. The latter comprised the C1 bone of a cadaver placed in a methylmethacrylate foam. Axial static compressive loads between 200 and 1200 N were applied by an electrohydraulic testing machine. Strain values were measured using strain gauges, which were cemented to the bone where the clinically relevant fracture lines of the anterior and posterior arches were located. As a result, compressive strain was observed on the outer surface of the anterior arch and inferior surface of the posterior arch. In addition, there was tensile strain on the inner surface of the anterior arch and superior surface of the posterior arch. The strain values obtained from the two experimental models showed similar trends. The FEM analysis revealed that maximum strain changes occurred where the maximum shear and von Mises stresses were concentrated. The changes in the C1 strain and stress values during static axial loading biomechanically prove that the Jefferson fracture is a burst fracture.  (+info)

Posterolateral tunnels and ponticuli in human atlas vertebrae. (5/126)

The posterolateral tunnel on the superior surface of the first cervical (atlas) vertebra is of normal occurrence in monkeys and other lower animals, but its presence in the form of a tunnel-like canal, for the passage of the third part of the vertebral artery over the posterior arch of the human atlas vertebra is not reported. The aim of the present study was to detect the presence of such a canal, in addition to other types of ponticuli (little bridges) reported by earlier investigators, in macerated atlas vertebrae and routine cadaveric dissections. The posterolateral tunnel was detected in 1.14%, and the posterior and lateral ponticuli in 6.57 and 2% of vertebrae. Probably the bony roof of the posterolateral tunnel serves the purpose of additional lateral extension for the attachment of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane in quadrupeds, where the load of the head is supported by the extensor muscles of the neck, ligaments and posterior atlanto-occipital membrane. In man, where the weight of the head is borne by the vertical loading of the superior articular process of the atlas, the roof of the tunnel has disappeared.  (+info)

Agenesis of the posterior arch of the atlas. (6/126)

PURPOSE: To illustrate the radiological findings and review the current literature concerning a rare congenital abnormality of the posterior arch of the atlas. CASE REPORT: An adult female without neurological symptoms presented with an absent posterior arch of the atlas, examined with plain films and helical computerized tomography. Complete agenesis of the posterior arch of the atlas is a rare entity that can be easily identified by means of plain films. Although it is generally asymptomatic, atlantoaxial instability and neurological deficits may occur because of structural instability. Computerized tomography provides a means of assessing the extent of this abnormality and can help evaluate the integrity of neural structures. Although considered to be rare entities, defects of the posterior arch of the atlas may be discovered as incidental asymptomatic findings in routine cervical radiographs. Familiarity with this abnormality may aid medical professionals in the correct management of these cases.  (+info)

Cervical myelopathy caused by hypoplasia of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament--case report. (7/126)

A 79-year-old Japanese female presented with symptomatic cervical myelopathy caused by a hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament. Neuroradiological examination demonstrated a hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and ossification of the transverse ligament. The cervical spinal cord was compressed at the level of the atlas by both the hypoplastic posterior arch of the atlas and the ossification of the transverse ligament. The patient underwent C-1 laminectomy, which arrested the progressive myelopathy and resulted in a good recovery. Atlas hypoplasia with ossification of the transverse ligament may be associated with Asian ethnicity.  (+info)

Vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency in rheumatoid atlantoaxial subluxation. (8/126)

Cervical myelopathy has become commonly recognized as a complication of rheumatoid atlantoaxial subluxation. A small group of patients with atlantoaxial subluxation may have intermittent symptoms associated with change of head position and which are due to vertebral artery compression. Two such cases are reported, one with necropsy findings of infarction in the area supplied by the vertebrobasilar system. The pathogenesis of the symptomatology and infarction is discussed.  (+info)

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of the Ponticulus posticus in a Brazilian sample and discuss about the importance of this anatomical variation in forensic dentistry area.. Study Design: Observational and transversal study.. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Morphology, Anatomy division, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas-UNICAMP, between June 2014 and December 2015.. Methodology: We used 242 lateral cephalometric radiographs of adult individual skulls from both sexes (from 18-60 years old). The sample was divided into the following groups: 92 lateral radiographs of males, and 150 lateral radiographs of females. The visual assessment method was performed by the same examiner. Classification form was carried out in three categories in both sexes: Presence of Ponticulus posticus with complete ossification; presence of Ponticulus posticus with incomplete ossification and absence. Data were performed a descriptive analysis by a decision tree. The sample data were segmented by ...
title:Ponticulus Posticus of the Atlas Vertebra. Author:Ojaswini Malukar, Vipul.P.Prajapati, S.K.Nagar. Keywords:Arcuate foramen, Atlas vertebra, Ponticulus posticus, Vertebral artery. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Atlas is the first cervical vertebra. It articulates with the occipital bone above and the axis vertebra below. It plays an important role in movement of the skull and the neck. A rare variation of the atlas vertebra is found where the posterior arch of the atlas had one accessory foramen just behind each lateral mass. In the atlas vertebra, this retroarticular canal or the lateral bridge are examples of bony outgrowths which may cause external pressure on the vertebral artery as it passes from the foramen transversarium of the vertebra to the foramen magnum of the skull. The knowledge of this variation may be of importance to orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, radiologists and anthropologists. Of the 80 atlas vertebrae observed 17.5 % showed presence of retro transverse groove or ...
Diagnosis Code S83.013 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Hi, Im looking for a little clarification on my C1 Injury. On March 19, 2016, I woke up with an allergic reaction from a blood pressure medication prescribed by a Cardiologist. I called my primary Doc that morning and he recommended Benadryl for the itching. The making of a perfect storm. Later that night after bed, I woke up to go use the bathroom and passed out and landed square on my face, breaking my C1 in 3 places. I was diagnosed with a Stable Jefferson fracture, wearing the Somi
Diagnosis Code S12.001S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Most medical breakthroughs come from doctors innovation. Here we share how we solved an issue with our Alar Transverse Ligament Procedure.
Dr. Roy Sweat, the developer of the atlas orthogonal program, and considered by many to be one of the foremost authorities in the world on the cervical spine, developed a method using a percussion wave to re-position the atlas vertebra. In 1982 the R.W. Sweat Research Foundation was established. It is a non-profit foundation with 15 members of the board of directors chosen for their achievements and dedication to the Atlas Orthogonal Program. The foundation funds the marketing and the research that is conducted in the atlas orthogonal program. For the purpose of IMPROVING THE HEALTH AND EXTENDING THE LIVES OF PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD ...
The superior articular process, along with the inferior articular process, projects upward and downward from each vertebral arch. These processes bear cartilage-covered facets by which each vertebra is joined to the one above and the one below it.. ...
From AtlasProfilax to Altas Evolution, Ranan Shahar this technique permanently moves or floats your top atlas vertebra into correct alignment.
Despite their rather characteristic appearance Stiassny (1996) was only able to find two characters (the presence of a trilobate rostral cartilage, and an elaborate and extensive gap between the back of the neurocranium and the first cervical vertebra) corroborating neoscopelid monophyly. Prior to Stiassnys (1996) study no explicitly phylogenetic hypothesis of neoscopelid intrarelationships had been proposed. Nonetheless, the consensus of most authors has been that Scopelengys with its weakly ossified skeleton, small eyes, flabby musculature, lack of photophores, and lack of swimbladder is a specialized offshoot from the main neoscopelid line, and that Solivomer represents an intermediate between the vigorous Neoscopelus and the degenerate Scopelengys. However, as Stiassny (1996:415) notes Whether or not the standard scenario in which the sluggish, energy-deprived, deepwater Scopelengys is derived from an active benthopelagic and luminescent Neoscopelus-like ancestor (Nafpaktitis, ...
C1 - stl file processed Have embodi3D 3D print this model for you. Learn More. This file was created with democratiz3D. Automatically create 3D printable models from CT scans. Learn more. bone, cervical, spine, vertebrae, C1, atlas, anterior arch, posterior arch, lateral masses, vertebral foramen, transverse process, 3d, model, .stl, printable ...
Anne-Marie.. Overcoming Body Odour..... The mouth is not the only significant organ to benefit from salt. Many people suffer from body odour, commonly known as BO. It is often localised to the armpits. Here again I suggest that the cause is unnecessary and unsympathetic products, in this case the use of deodorants. Where I come from in the developing world we had never heard of deodorants; when I used one here I rapidly developed BO under my armpits so I immediately threw it away. You may need to do the same.. The treatment for BO is to have a shower without any soap (which often contains lethal bactericidals killing the good commensal bacteria also) and while in the shower, rub salt on the affected parts, your armpits, feet or the whole body. Wait for a few minutes and wash it all off. You must not use the same towels, or any clothes that you may have been in contact with before; I would advise changing all bed linen and laundering it in very hot water. Use fresh clean clothes.. Previously ...
The transverse ligament of the knee is a ligament within the anterior aspect of the knee joint. Gross anatomy The transverse ligament is a variable band-like intracapsular knee ligament. It attaches transversely across the anterior aspects of t...
Most people suffer from a misaligned Atlas without realising. Their postural imbalance and common aches and pains may have a quick and simple solution, realignment of their Atlas.. The revolutionary method AtlasPROfilax® developed by R. C. Schumperli between 1993 and 1996, realigns the top vertebra in the neck, the Atlas or C1, by a very specific and unique correction of the soft-tissue that holds the Atlas in place. Optimal health and correct posture (standing or walking) were only concepts to the Swiss born Rene-Claudius Schumperli for most of his life.. Mr. Schumperli in his early years had fractured his first cervical vertebrae: the Atlas. He then suffered for what seemed to be an endless period of time. Like many people, neither traditional nor alternative medicines were able to relieve his pain. Having tried numerous therapies, R. C. Schumperli at best only benefited from temporary relief.. Out of despair and without any real solution, R. C. Schumperli, who had developed skills and ...
Most people suffer from a misaligned Atlas without realising. Their postural imbalance and common aches and pains may have a quick and simple solution, realignment of their Atlas.. The revolutionary method AtlasPROfilax® developed by R. C. Schumperli between 1993 and 1996, realigns the top vertebra in the neck, the Atlas or C1, by a very specific and unique correction of the soft-tissue that holds the Atlas in place. Optimal health and correct posture (standing or walking) were only concepts to the Swiss born Rene-Claudius Schumperli for most of his life.. Mr. Schumperli in his early years had fractured his first cervical vertebrae: the Atlas. He then suffered for what seemed to be an endless period of time. Like many people, neither traditional nor alternative medicines were able to relieve his pain. Having tried numerous therapies, R. C. Schumperli at best only benefited from temporary relief.. Out of despair and without any real solution, R. C. Schumperli, who had developed skills and ...
ALL ABOUT ZYGOMATICOXILLARY ARCH FRACTURE Zygomaticoxillary Arch fracture, also called quadripod fracture and also known as tripod fracture earlier is made up of four components: The lateral orbital wall found either at the zygomaticofrontal suture along the wall, inferiorly present at the
Over the past 150 years, the arcuate foramen has attracted attention first by anatomists, then by clinicians seeking to understand its significance, and more recently by surgeons whose work demands clarity on the structural landscape of the cranio-cervical junction. The arcuate foramen is a bone arch that shows up sometimes on the first vertebra (the […]
In the 2nd presentation, I talked about the common useful X-rays in managing a trauma patient -- I focussed particularly on three important X-rays - Cervical, chest and pelvic X-ray. I taught them about how to interpret cervical X-ray in the context of trauma and used hangman fracture and Jefferson fracture as particular topics for discussion. I talked about chest x-ray: criteria to qualify for an adequate good chest x-ray film, and discussed on pneumothorax and traumatic aortic dissection. I reminded the students that tension pneumothorax is not supposed to the radiological diagnosis, it is a clinical diagnosis; and a doctor is supposed to destroy the radiological evidence of a tension pneumothorax rather than allowing it to manifest. I also talked about the tips on interpreting a pelvic X-ray -- the importance of visualizing the integrity of the three pelvic rings, tracing the integrity of iliopubic and ilio-ischial line, radiologic U as well as the tear-drop sign. I talked a bit on ...
This is a 100% genuine original antique atlas. If you like this atlas, then please message me with an offer for me to consider. Gorgeous and extremely rare atlas by. Rigobert Bonne (17271795) who was one of the most important cartographers of the late 18th century.. The official tile of the atlas is. Atlas de toutes les parties connues du globe terrestre : dresse pour lHistoire philosophique et politique des etablissemens et du commerce des Europeens dans les deux Indes. The atlas is commonly known to have been published in 1780 Geneve : J. Due to be only allowed to upload 12 photos, I could not take pictures of all 50 maps in the atlas so the pictures that you see are represented of all of the maps in the atlas. This is the atlas volume for Abbe Raynals LHistoire Philosophique et Politique des Etablissemens et du Commerce des Europeens dans les Deux Indes. The atlas is complete and is filled with Bonnes well-drawn maps and charts engraved by Andre. The map contents include two world maps, ...
Description of disease C1 (cervical vertebra). Treatment C1 (cervical vertebra). Symptoms and causes C1 (cervical vertebra) Prophylaxis C1 (cervical vertebra)
Soft cervical vertebrae tractor - Soft cervical vertebrae tractor manufacturer, supplier, find Soft cervical vertebrae tractor with high quality, low price.
Any Further Information or Help Required for Educational Models & Charts Kindly Call us on +91-33-4006-4940 or get in touch via email at [email protected] ...
Definition of epistropheus in US English - The axis (second cervical vertebra). In early use also: †the atlas (first cervical vertebra) (obsolete).
A fully automatic method generating a whole body atlas from CT images is presented. The atlas serves as a reference space for annotations. It is based on a large collection of partially overlapping medical images and a registration scheme. The atlas itself consists of probabilistic tissue type maps and can represent anatomical variations. The registration scheme is based on an entropy-like measure of these maps and is robust with respect to field-of-view variations. In contrast to other atlas generation methods, which typically rely on a sufficiently large set of annotations on training cases, the presented method requires only the images. An iterative refinement strategy is used to automatically stitch the images to build the atlas. Affine registration of unseen CT images to the probabilistic atlas can be used to transfer reference annotations, e.g. organ models for segmentation initialization or reference bounding boxes for field-of-view selection. The robustness and generality of the method ...
The IAPB Vision Atlas will be revised with the latest data and projections on World Sight Day this year (12 October 2017). The updated Atlas will include the latest blindness and visual impairment prevalence data (2015) along with the main causes. The prevalence data will go back to 1990 and will also include projections to 2020. These numbers will be by country and can be accessed through a couple of web-based interactive maps.. This World Sight Day, the Atlas will include two new maps-the main causes of blindness and visual impairment (by region) and the main causes of near-vision loss (by region, and only for 2015 with projections for 2020).. The Atlas will also include updated data on the progress towards the Global Action Plan, by presenting updates to the GAP indicator data (CSR, CSC, number of trained personnel etc.). Apart from this, the Atlas will also include commentary on these numbers along with explanations and easy-to-use tools for various eye conditions.. ...
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Many of the discrete regions of the brain perform similar functions in all mammals, and greater than 90 percent of all mouse genes have a direct counterpart in humans. By establishing this baseline of the normal mouse brain, the Atlas allows researchers to compare the brain with others altered to mimic neurological and psychiatric diseases found in humans.. Previous atlases have contained anatomic maps showing the location of various regions of the brain, but little or no information about the gene activity within them. Others have contained gene information but none have been nearly as comprehensive as the Atlas, which includes data for every major structure in the brain for nearly all the genes in the genome.. Even before its announced completion, the Atlas was receiving more than 4 million hits monthly and being accessed by approximately 250 scientists on any given work day. Users are not required to provide information about their work, but anecdotal evidence indicates that the Atlas is ...
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Atlas Sampler - posted in Accordance Announcements: The Atlas Sampler lets you try out the fully interactive Atlas for just $20. Then, you get the $20 off when you upgrade to the Atlas Version 2 with 12 high-resolution backgrounds, 3D images, modern boundaries, and additional layers.The Sampler offers two older low-resolution map backgrounds (Colors and Beige) and the data. This results in a fully functioning interactive Atlas except for the 3D capability and the Place Names and...
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The e-Mouse Atlas Project (1992- )The Edinburgh Mouse Atlas, also called the e-Mouse Atlas Project (EMAP), is an online resource comprised of the e-Mouse Atlas (EMA), a detailed digital model of mouse development, and the e-Mouse Atlas of Gene Expression (EMAGE), a database that identifies sites of gene expression in mouse embryos. Duncan Davidson and
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The Cowichan Valley Regional District Habitat Atlas is the most up to date source of fish distribution information for urban and agricultural areas. The Atlas incorporates the federal and provincial government Fisheries Information Summary System information, is built on 1:20,000 topographical maps and has 2005 colour orthophotography. The Atlas will strengthen the communitys awareness and connection to its urban ecology and social resources through locally created maps. The Atlas is a work in progress and needs to be updated and ground truthed.. ...
The Neurosurgical Atlas depends almost entirely on your donations. We are unable to continue the Atlas without a significant donation from you.. Please commit at least a yearly $250 donation to the Atlas.. Without this commitment, the Atlas will soon require a paid subscription and will become inaccessible to many surgeons around the world whose patients care depend on it. Please donate now!. ...
Neuroanatomy in clinical context an atlas of structures sections systems and syndromes pdf - Neuroanatomy Atlas in Clinical Context: Structures, Sections, Systems, and text​: Structures, Sections, Systems, and Syndromes, which. Neuroanatomy in Clinical Context: An Atlas of Structures, Sections, S…
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Atlas HD Potassium is the base system that all Atlas HD systems are built, & can be configured/extended for crystallization, calorimetry, & high-pressure experiments
Atlas help - posted in General Accordance Topics: In a blog, David Lang mentioned the Geography of Jerusalem layer for the Atlas. Im not finding this layer. I just purchased the Atlas module so I suspect I have the latest version. How do I access the Geography of Jerusalem layer?
Blumes Atlas of Pediatric and Adult EEGs combines Dr. Blumes two classic books, the Atlas of Adult EEG and the Atlas of Pediatric EEG, into a single resource for adult and pediatric epileptologists, neurologists, and neurology trainees.
The authors describe a novel posterior approach to atlantoaxial stabilization combining C1-2 transarticular and C1 lateral mass screws with vertical connecting rods to create a strong construct with four-point fixation. They present here a case of atlanto-axial instability secondary to infection, Grisels syndrome, necessitating instrumented stabilization after a period of close clinical and radiological observation following the initial cervical decompression and evacuation of retropharyngeal and epidural abscesses.
Comparative Anatomy and Histology: A Mouse and Human Atlas is aimed at the new mouse investigator as well as medical and veterinary pathologists who need to expand their knowledge base into comparative anatomy and histology. It guides the reader through normal mouse anatomy and histology using direct comparison to the human. The side by side comparison of mouse and human tissues highlight the unique biology of the mouse, which has great impact on the validation of mouse models of human disease.. Experts from both human and veterinary fields take readers through each organ system in a side-by-side comparative approach to anatomy and histology - human Netter anatomy images along with Netter-style mouse images. ...
The median atlanto-axial joint is the articulation between the anterior surface of the odontoid process and the posterior surface of the arch of the atlas. The axis of rotation of the joint is vertical and corresponds to the long axis of the odontoid process. The articulation between the odontoid process and the anterior arch of the atlas is a pivot joint with incomplete articular surfaces, since the odontoid process is frequently covered with cartilage upon its anterior surface only, its posterior surface articulating with the transverse ligament of the atlas by a separate joint. Both joints have separate capsules; the posterior one is also regarded as a synovial bursa. The capsule of the median atlanto-axial joint is roomy and relaxed. The articulation is provided with a series of accessory ligaments, which create an extremely firm connection between the head and the first two vertebrae ...
Atlantoaxial instability implies excessive movement between the first cervical vertebra or atlas, and second cervical vertebra or axis.
Excessive movement between atlas and axis characterizes anterior atlantoaxial instability. At present, dynamic plain radiographs are the criterion standard in diagnosing AAA subluxation. The atlas slips abnormally forward during flexion because of laxity or rupture of the transverse and alar ligaments. The atlas slips backward when the cervical spine is in the neutral or extension positions. A few studies have reported MR imaging findings of AAA subluxation,8,9 but none has focused on the diagnostic implications of abnormalities in the associated structures or suggested a method to improve the false-negative diagnostic rate in nAAA subluxation patients. To our knowledge, this study is the first attempt to do so.. Routinely cervical spine MR imaging is performed with supine and neutral positioning. With this positioning, gravity pulls the subluxated atlas backward and downgrades the severity of disease on MR images. In our study, x-ray radiographs with neutral positioning yielded a 28% (11 of 40) ...
A wonderful and much-needed review of studies to date and some common-sense recommendations. Theres a lot here, so I want to hit on the more important points by the author. First, the background. The craniovertebral joint is made up of the skull and the first two cervical (neck) vertebrae. The first cervical vertebra, C1, is called the atlas and has the shape of a ring. It sits on top of the second vertebra, C2, which is also called the axis. The axis has a protrusion called the odontoid process. In Down syndrome, a combination of bony abnormalities and lax ligaments contribute to the instability called atlantoaxial instability (AAI). For more background on the controversy on the diagnosis and treatment of this condition, see my essay on AAI. On the topic of radiologic screening, Dr. Brockmeyer reviews the studies to date and contends that on lateral (side view) neck X-rays, the measurement called the neural canal width is much better than the commonly used atlanto-dens interval, as it ...
Instrumented fixation techniques: A number of techniques for atlantoaxial fixation are described including transarticular screw fixation and the C1 lateral mass screws and C2 pedicle screws (Harms technique) fixation techniques. ...
Multiple methods for C1-2 arthrodesis have been described. The use of a polyaxial screw and rod construct was popularized by Harms and Melcher in 2001. However,
Graduates of Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
Capitula of the occipital bone On the outer surface, at the sides of the foramen carved out for the dorsal medulla, the occipital bone puts out two capitula (l, l in figures 4 and 5) [condyli occipitales] which are articulated to the first cervical vertebra [atlas], by means of which the head is tilted and extended by its own motion. In young children, these capitula [condyli] are epiphyses; in old persons they are hidden, like the other epiphyses. Also in young children, the bone is constructed of three parts [partes laterales, pars basilaris] separated by three lines [sutura] filled with cartilage [synchondroses]. One of these runs from the end of the sagittal suture to the posterior part of the foramen [foramen magnum] of the dorsal medulla; the other two [fonticuli mastoidei] extend transversely from the sides of the foramen to the extensions of the lambdoid suture. Consequently, the very young have two bones [partes laterales] in the occiput, and one [pars basilaris] attached to the ...
Any employee who is seriously injured (i.e. lacerations, head trauma, fractures, chemical burns) must go to the Jefferson Emergency Department immediately. For non-emergent injuries (i.e. strains/sprains), you should follow the procedure for reporting to Healthmark for treatment.. To reach Healthmark, call the Healthmark Hotline at (215) 952-9900. A Healthmark representative will arrange transportation to and from the Center City campus in order for you to be treated. Healthmarks hours of operation are Monday through Friday, 7:30am to 5:00pm. Patients will be seen until 4:00pm.. If you are injured during Healthmarks off-hours, report to the Jefferson Emergency Department. Please bring the Employee Accident Report with you so that the ED physician can complete Section B of the report.. All employees treated in the Jefferson Emergency Department must report to Healthmark the next business day, unless admitted to the hospital. Please note the instructions above for contacting ...
The Web site for Thomas Jefferson University, its contents and programs, is provided for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice nor, is it intended to create any physician-patient relationship. Please remember that this information should not substitute for a visit or a consultation with a healthcare provider. The views or opinions expressed in the resources provided do not necessarily reflect those of Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Thomas Jefferson University or their staffs. By using this Web site, you accept these terms of use. Please read our online privacy statement. Please read our our privacy practices.. ...
The Web site for Thomas Jefferson University, its contents and programs, is provided for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice nor, is it intended to create any physician-patient relationship. Please remember that this information should not substitute for a visit or a consultation with a healthcare provider. The views or opinions expressed in the resources provided do not necessarily reflect those of Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Thomas Jefferson University or their staffs. By using this Web site, you accept these terms of use. Please read our online privacy statement. Please read our our privacy practices.. ...
The Web site for Thomas Jefferson University, its contents and programs, is provided for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice nor, is it intended to create any physician-patient relationship. Please remember that this information should not substitute for a visit or a consultation with a healthcare provider. The views or opinions expressed in the resources provided do not necessarily reflect those of Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Thomas Jefferson University or their staffs. By using this Web site, you accept these terms of use. Please read our online privacy statement. Please read our our privacy practices.. ...
Welcome to the Naturecast Products Local Pages. Here you will find local resources about Buy Growth Hormone in Jefferson City, MO and some related products that may be of interest to you. For your convenience, we have also compiled a list of businesses and services around Jefferson City, including Vitamin and Nutritional Supplement Stores, Nutritionist, and Personal Trainers that should help with your search. Before you take a look at the local resources, please browse through our competitively priced products that you could order from the comfort of your own home.
Chicago Bears tight end Zach Miller will remain in a New Orleans hospital after undergoing emergency surgery Sunday to repair a damaged artery in his left leg.. The Bears announced Monday that vascular surgeons at University Medical Center New Orleans stabilized Millers injury, which was diagnosed as a torn popliteal artery.. A source told ESPNs Chris Mortensen later Monday that the artery was found shredded from above the knee joint to below the knee by the vascular surgeons, who diagnosed Millers injury as lateral subluxation. There is also orthopedic damage to the knee, the source said.. The surgeons praised Bears team doctor Mark Bowen for quickly identifying the vascular problem by checking Millers dropping pulse.. According to the source, surgeons used a saphenous vein graft procedure of surgery to revascularize Millers leg.. League and team sources told ESPNs Chris Mortensen earlier Monday that surgeons had been working to save Millers leg, although it was not clear whether ...
runners-knee syndrome mild lateral subluxation of patella in patellar groove; on account of an increase in Q angle (i.e. >15°), generally in association with too much foot pronation, tibial varum, internal tibial torsion, weakened quadriceps team, malposition of vastus medialis, difficult working surfaces or defective athletics sneakers, leading to uneven force on anterolateral area of femoral condyle and site local ache; typically influences feminine runners; handled by prescription orthoses to cut back torque, torsion and knee joint ...
A new Blood Atlas - a resource for exploration of blood cells and proteins - has been launched, as part of the open access Human Protein Atlas, in which the proteins in human blood cell types are described together with a comprehensive analysis of all proteins predicted to be secreted from human cells (the secretome). The new atlas provides a unique resource for the study of human biology and diseases, in particular for immune-based research and efforts to develop new, effective treatments in oncology and autoimmune diseases.. A new Blood Atlas has been launched, as part of the open access Human Protein Atlas, in which the proteins in human blood cell types are described together with a comprehensive analysis of all proteins predicted to be secreted from human cells (the secretome). The new atlas provides a unique resource for the study of human biology and diseases, in particular for immune-based research and efforts to develop new, effective treatments in oncology and autoimmune diseases. ...
Dr. Phil Willard is a Board Certified Atlas Orthongonist. The Atlas Orthogonal Chiropractic Procedure, AO for short, is a gentle, effective, and non-invasive way to adjust the atlas (first cervical vertebra) into alignment so that your central nervous system can function correctly.. ...
Penny Wise Thrift Shop is a non-profit thrift shop owned and operated the Womens Board of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. The shop has raised $3 million dollars to support patient care projects at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and the greater Jefferson community.. Our cherished community shop, located in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, provides a venue for the resale of donated and consigned household goods and clothing. Weve been voted Best Consignment Shop by Main Line Times readers, and strive to maintain our standards of high quality.. If youre interested in supporting Penny Wise Thrift Shop, drop off gently used items, become a merchandise consigner, volunteer your time and expertise at the shop, or make a contribution to the Womens Board. Location ...
The Web site for Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, its contents and programs, is provided for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice nor, is it intended to create any physician-patient relationship. Please remember that this information should not substitute for a visit or a consultation with a healthcare provider. The views or opinions expressed in the resources provided do not necessarily reflect those of Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Thomas Jefferson University or their staffs. By using this Web site, you accept these terms of use. Please read our online privacy statement. Please read our privacy practices.. ...
Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their branches. References[edit]. *^ J.A.Kaufman & T.B.Jones: Viscerosensory Pathways. ... Atlas of Human Anatomy, 5th Ed, Netter Saladin, Anatomy and Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, 6th edition ...
Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their branches. The right brachial plexus with its short branches, viewed from in front ... Atlas of Human Anatomy. Elsevier. pp. Table 2.9. ISBN 9780323393218. Anatomy photo:25:03-0106 at the SUNY Downstate Medical ... This nerve branches from the first cervical nerve as it joins the hypoglossal nerve (12th Cranial Nerve) for a short distance. ...
Lee TT, Green BA, Petrin DR (1998). "Treatment of stable burst fracture of the atlas (Jefferson fracture) with rigid cervical ... Lee C, Woodring JH (1991). "Unstable Jefferson variant atlas fractures: an unrecognized cervical injury". AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ... Jefferson G (1920). "Fracture of the atlas vertebra: report of four cases, and a review of those previously recorded". Br J ... de Zoete A, Langeveld UA (2007). "A congenital anomaly of the atlas as a diagnostic dilemma: a case report". J Manipulative ...
The atlas elements are unfused; there is a suture between the dens and axis. The cervical ribs are not fused to the centra. The ...
Its origin is the neural spines of the cervical vertebrae and its insertion is in the metacromion process and fascia of the ... The insertion is the superior nuchal line and atlas. It raises or turns the head. ... Cats have seven cervical vertebrae like almost all mammals, thirteen thoracic vertebrae (humans have twelve), seven lumbar ... The origin is from the first nine or ten ribs and from part of the cervical vertebrae. ...
American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology) (2011-12-28). Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Lippincott Williams ...
... short atlas and cervical vertebrae, all with a ventral keel; an ilium, pubis and femur, with the talus and calcaneus of the ...
Omotransversarius: originates on the spine of the scapula and inserts on the wing of the atlas. Its function is to advance the ... It is innervated by the ventral branches of the cervical spinal nerves. Intrinsic muscles of the thoracic limb: Deltoideus: ... Serratus ventralis: originates on the transverse processes of the last 5 cervical vertebrae and inserts on the scapula. Its ... It is innervated by the ventral branches of the cervical spinal nerves. Sternothyoideus: originates on the first coastal ...
... the atlas and eight other cervical vertebrae, along with eleven cervical ribs; eleven dorsal vertebrae, six dorsal ribs, and ... Also unlike Moabosaurus, there are no keels or hollows on the bottom of the cervical centra. None of the cervical ribs are ... lacks depressions on its atlas intercentrum; has hollows and keels on the bottom of its cervical centra; has convex as opposed ... second cervical). Moabosaurus lacks these depressions, and the cervical rib articulation (parapophysis) is more robust. As seen ...
Atlas of Human Anatomy, "High Cervical Spine: C1-C2" Axis - Blue Link Anatomy - University of Michigan Medical School auctions ... This is because a malformed odontoid process may lead to instability between the atlas and axis (the C1 and C2 cervical ... The peg has an articular facet at its front and forms part of a joint with the anterior arch of the atlas. It is a non-weight ... Axis on x-ray Unfused arch of atlas at CT. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 99 of the 20th edition ...
... bears 26 cervical (neck) vertebrae. The parts of the atlas and axis, the first two cervical vertebrae, are not ... The cervical vertebrae increase in size towards the back of the neck, and the articulations between the neural arches and ... The cervical ribs are double-headed (the surface connecting to the vertebrae is forked) and their heads are roughly circular. ... The moderately long cervical centra are amphicoelous (concave on both sides) and slightly wider than tall. The fronts, backs, ...
Brachiocephalicus: originates from the temporal bone, atlas, and 3rd and 4th cervical vertebrae, and inserts on the humerus. ... Inserts on the nuchal crest, the atlas, and the 3rd-5th cervical vertebrae. Sternocephalicus: originates from the cariniform ... Omotransversarius: originates in the atlas and the cervical vertebrae (C2-C4), continues down dorsal to the brachiocephalicus ... Longissimus capitis: originates on the first 2 thoracic vertebrae and the cervical vertebrae. Inserts into the atlas. ...
The atlas−axis complex can be described with little effort with variation of this structure within a small clade. Varanopids, ... The axis is about the length of the other cervical vertebrae. Each vertebrae is ossified with no visible suture between the ... Around five of the anterior vertebrae could possibly be cervical and three sacral vertebrae are present in this specimen. ... Campione, N. E.; Reisz, R. R. (2011). "Morphology and Evolutionary Significance of the Atlas-axis Complex in Varanopid ...
Upper Cervical Research Foundation The research branch of NUCCA, the Upper Cervical Research Foundation (UCRF), was established ... The presence of atlas misalignment allowed study inclusion, permitting baseline MRI data collection. The Subject were re- ... The Upper Cervical Monograph The Monograph was started in March 1973 to share articles of the technical aspects of NUCCA, ... The new style of upper cervical adjusting technique was taught in 1966 at the first NUCCA seminar, which was held at the Howard ...
On the cervical vertebrae other than the atlas, the anterior and posterior tubercles are on either side of the transverse ... It is a bony bridge found on the first cervical vertebra, the atlas where it covers the groove for the vertebral artery. ... There are seven cervical vertebrae (but eight cervical spinal nerves), designated C1 through C7. These bones are, in general, ... Atlas image: back_bone13 at the University of Michigan Health System - Axis & Atlas Articulated, Posterior View Anatomy image: ...
The atlas, axis, and third and fourth cervical vertebrae are characteristic and similar to those in other stereospondyls. The ... According to Sulej (2007), the intercentra of cervical and thoracic vertebra are fully ossified. The pleurocentra are not ... Description des premiers Stegocephales recueillis dans le couloir d'Argana (Atlas occidental). Memoires du Museum National ... morphology of the atlas, axis, and third and fourth vertebrae suggests that the neck of Metoposaurus was relatively flexible. ...
... cervical vertebra synopophyses protrude below the level of the ventral edge of the centrum; short, wide fossa excavated ... atlas neural arch mediolaterally compressed but not flattened at its base, condylar surfaces irregularly figure-eight shaped; ... immediately below the ventral rim of the cotyle of at least one middle cervical vertebra; hypapophysis anteroventral edge ...
... fusion between the atlas (first cervical) and the intercentrum, an element below the axis; accessory processes on the caudal ... Another series of cervical vertebrae ("Series B") underwent a similar reassignment. A scapula and coracoid overlapping the ... There are eight cervical vertebrae. Unlike Turfanosuchus, Euparkeria, Fasolasuchus, Saurosuchus, and sphenosuchians, the suture ... nearly complete cervical and dorsal vertebrae, partial sacral and caudal vertebrae, the hip girdle, most of the left hindlimb, ...
It exits the spinal cord between the skull and the first cervical vertebra, the atlas. It lies within the suboccipital triangle ... The suboccipital nerve (first cervical dorsal ramus) is the dorsal primary ramus of the first cervical nerve (C1). ...
The cervical neural arch is a complex bone adorned with nine laminae (plate-like ridges between various regions) and twelve ... Few early pseudosuchians preserve enough of the atlas to properly compare with the crescent-shaped atlantal intercentrum of ... The dorsal neural arch is similar to that of the cervical, with a few differences. The diapophyses are much shorter and the ... The dorsal is also less complex than the cervical, with only a few laminae and fossae. These include a less prominent " ...
On the atlas (the first cervical), the intercentrum is swollen and has a ridge underneath; meanwhile, the bottom of the axis ( ... the second cervical) is covered by a tongue-like projection from the third cervical. In the shoulder girdle, the projection at ... the facets that articulate with the cervical ribs on the cervical vertebrae being placed relatively high, similar to ... The number of cervical vertebrae in Luskhan (14) can be seen as intermediate between Pliosaurus (18) and Brachauchenius (12). ...
Hafez ES, Kenemans P (2012-12-06). Atlas of Human Reproduction: By Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer Science & Business ... Up to 26 layers have been seen - see Pathology, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical; Mayeaux, E. J.; Cox, J. Thomas ( ... Hafez ES, Kenemans P (2012-12-06). Atlas of Human Reproduction: By Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer Science & Business ... Mayeaux EJ, Cox TJ (2011). Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-1451153835. . ...
"Krapina atlases suggest a high prevalence of anatomical variations in the first cervical vertebra of Neanderthals". Journal of ... Krapina 106 and adult Krapina 110 show a high degree of degeneration to the C4 and C7 cervical spinal nerves. It would have ... As such, the Krapina sample, taken in conjunction with first cervical vertebra found at Sidrón Cave, seems to confirm such ... Three samples of the first cervical vertebra were found among the Krapina Neanderthal sample. Two of the three samples ...
... cervical cancer. It may be that their causes are the same. Cervical cancer may be prevented by pap smear screening and HPV ... ISBN 978-3-319-27231-3. Zhu L, Wong F, Lang J (2015). Atlas of Surgical Correction of Female Genital Malformation. Springer. p ... With cervical dilation reaching a diameter of more than 10 cm (4 in) to accommodate the head of the fetus, the head moves from ... Cervical cancer (which is relatively common) increases the risk of vaginal cancer, which is why there is a significant chance ...
The first cervical or suboccipital nerve lies between the artery and the posterior arch of the atlas. The fourth (intradural or ... Behind it are the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra, the sympathetic trunk and its inferior cervical ganglion ... curving medially and posteriorly behind the superior articular process of the atlas, the anterior ramus of the first cervical ... At each cervical level, the vertebral artery sends branches to the surrounding musculature via the anterior spinal arteries. ...
As for the cervical vertebrae themselves, the atlas and axis are fused, albeit with a visible suture. In front of the atlas is ... Corresponding to the spherical occipital condyle is the cup-like joint of the atlas. The atlas had a prominent neural spine, ... At the back of the axis, on the neural arch, is the postzygapophysis, which would have connected to the next cervical vertebra ... It consists of a complete skull and lower jaws, along with the first two cervical vertebrae. It originates from outcrops ...
There is one disc between each pair of vertebrae, except for the first cervical segment, the atlas. The atlas is a ring around ... the roughly cone-shaped extension of the axis (second cervical segment). The axis acts as a post around which the atlas can ... There are 23 discs in the human spine: 6 in the neck (cervical) region, 12 in the middle back (thoracic) region, and 5 in the ... For example, the disc between the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae is designated "C5-6". During development and at birth, ...
Goodman broke his C-1 (atlas) and C-2 (axis) cervical vertebrae, and was left fully paralyzed. He was unable to breathe, talk, ...
The atlas, axis and eighth-tenth cervical vertebrae are disarticulated, as is the posterior-most region of the tail (in fact ... The cervical ribs are double-headed and start from the third cervical vertebra. The dorsal ribs are single-headed, ... Much of the occipital region has been covered by the displaced cervical vertebrae, so it is not visible and cannot be studied ... 20 cervical vertebrae, 19 dorsal vertebrae, 3 sacral vertebrae and at least 17 caudal vertebrae are present. ...
Ghali GE, Sinn DP, Tantipasawasin S (March 2002). "Management of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis". Atlas of the Oral and ... as well as on the cervical spine, which shows a curvature.[14] In addition, from a point of view standing behind the child, a ... Francel PC (1999). "Metopic synostosis". In Zumdahl SS (ed.). Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. 9. Rolling Meadows IL: American ...
Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth, Fourth Edition, edited by Andreason J, Andreasen F, and Andersson ... Cervical fracture *Jefferson fracture. *Hangman's fracture. *Flexion teardrop fracture. *Clay-shoveler fracture ...
The cervical ridge runs mesiodistally on the cervical third of the buccal surface of the crown. These are found on all primary ... Clemente, Carmine (1987). Anatomy, a regional atlas of the human body. Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenberg. ISBN 0-8067-0323-7.. ... and cervical or interproximal space. The cervical embrasure usually is filled by the interdental papilla from the gingiva; in ... The cingulum forms from this lingual lobe of development.[12] The majority of a lingual surface's cervical third is made up of ...
Hofer, Matthias (2006). The Chest X-ray: A Systematic Teaching Atlas. Thieme. p. 24. ISBN 978-3-13-144211-6. .. ... For example, structures at the level of the fourth cervical vertebra may be abbreviated as "C4", at the level of the fourth ...
In marsupials and placental mammals, the cervical and lumbar ribs are found only as tiny remnants fused to the vertebrae, where ... Netter, Frank (2014). Atlas of human anatomy (Sixth ed.). Saunders. pp. 183-184. ISBN 9781455704187. .. .mw-parser-output cite. ... In birds, ribs are present as distinct bones only on the thoracic region, although small fused ribs are present on the cervical ... Mammals usually also only have distinct ribs on the thoracic vertebra, although fixed cervical ribs are also present in ...
Grant's atlas of anatomy 13th. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2013. ISBN 978-1-60831-756-1. ... 頸叢(英语:Template:Cervical plexus). *臂叢(英语:Template:Brachial plexus) ...
Finkbeiner, Walter E; Ursell, Philip C; Davis, Richard L (2009). Autopsy Pathology: A Manual and Atlas (2 ed.). Philadelphia, ... cervical, esophageal, melanoma, and head and neck) are indeed strongly associated with long-term inflammation.[44][45] In ...
The trachea lies ventrally to the cervical vertebrae extending from the larynx to the syrinx, where the trachea enters the ... Common) Ostrich - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.. *British Domesticated Ostrich Association ...
Hib, José (2001). Histología de Di Fiore: texto y atlas. Buenos Aires: El Ateneo. p. 189. ISBN 950-02-0386-3. .. ... Fiore, Mariano; Eroschenko, Victor (2000). Di Fiore's atlas of histology with functional correlations (PDF). Lippincott ... Deep Cervical, Submandibular, Submental. Identifiers. Latin. lingua. MeSH. D014059. TA. A05.1.04.001. ...
Cervical thymus is a rare malformation. Thymic tissue containing cysts is rarely described in the literature, ectopic glandular ... a text and colour atlas (5th ed.). [Edinburgh?]: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. pp. 215-7. ISBN 9780443068508. Larsen, W (2001 ... While thymic cyst and ectopic cervical thymus are identified most frequently in childhood, the mean age at which thymoma is ... The nerves supplying the thymus arise from the vagus nerve and the cervical sympathetic chain. Branches from the phrenic nerves ...
This is the only cervical spinal cord disease seen in horses less than 1 month of age, and a radiograph can diagnose the ... Occipital Atlanto-Axial Malformation (OAAM). This is a condition where the occiput, atlas and axis vertebrae in the neck and at ...
ଲସିକା ନଳୀଗୁଡ଼ିକ ପାରାଥାଇରଏଡ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥିରୁ ବାହାରି ଡିପ ସର୍ଭିକାଲ ଲିମ୍ଫ ନୋଡ (deep cervical lymph node) ଓ ପାରାଟ୍ରାକିଆଲ ଲିମ୍ଫ ନୋଡମାନଙ୍କରେ ... a text and colour atlas (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. p. 337. ISBN 978-0-443-06850-8. .. ... a text and colour atlas (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-443-06850-8. .. ...
... www.spine-health.com/conditions/spine-anatomy/cervical-spine-anatomy-and-neck-pain Cervical Spine Anatomy and Neck Pain ... ഒന്നാമത്തെ ഗ്രൈവകശേരുകയെ ശീർഷധരം (atlas) എന്നു വിളിക്കുന്നു. ഇതിന് പിണ്ഡമോ ശൂലമയപ്രവർധങ്ങളോ ഇല്ല. ഒരു വളയത്തിന്റെ ആകൃതിയാണ് ... www.spine-health.com/conditions/spine-anatomy/cervical-vertebrae Cervical Vertebrae ... ഇവയെ സെർവൈക്കൽ (cervical),[17] തൊറാസിക് (thoracic), ലുംബാർ (lumbar), സേക്രൽ (sacral), കോക്സീജിയൽ (coccygeal) എന്നിങ്ങനെ വർ ...
The cervical segment, or C1, or cervical part of the internal carotid, extends from the carotid bifurcation until it enters the ... ISBN 0-397-58404-0. Anatomy photo:28:09-0212 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Atlas image: n3a8p1 at the University of ... The segments of the internal carotid artery are as follows: Cervical segment, or C1, identical to the commonly used Cervical ... During this part of its course, it lies in front of the transverse processes of the upper three cervical vertebrae. It is ...
The Respiratory System" (Chapter). Mescher AL: Junqueira's Basic Histology: Text & Atlas, 12e: "Archived copy". Archived from ... The trachea begins level with the sixth cervical vertebra (C6) and the carina is found at the level of the fourth thoracic ...
Duane E. Haines (2004). Neuroanatomy: An Atlas of Structures, Sections, and Systems (6th ed.). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott ... these α-MNs form large cell columns that contribute to the cervical and lumbar enlargements of the spinal cord. In addition to ...
Takubo, Kaiyo (2007). Pathology of the esophagus an atlas and textbook (2nd ed.). Tokyo: Springer Verlag. p. 28. ISBN 978-4-431 ... The esophagus is innervated by the vagus nerve and the cervical and thoracic sympathetic trunk.[5] The vagus nerve has a ... 2006). Wheater's functional histology: a text and colour atlas (5th ed.). Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-443 ... Ross M, Pawlina W (2011). Histology: A Text and Atlas (6th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 571-573. ISBN 978-0-7817- ...
... as in cervical vertebrae or cervical lymph nodes) or to the uterine cervix (as in cervical cap or cervical cancer). ... Deakin, Barbara Young ... [et al.] ; drawings by Philip J. (2006). Wheater's functional histology : a text and colour atlas ( ... including cervical caps and cervical diaphragms aim to block or prevent the passage of sperm through the cervical canal. ... Cervical mucusEdit. Several hundred glands in the endocervix produce 20-60 mg of cervical mucus a day, increasing to 600 mg ...
Coborn, John (1991). The Atlas of Snakes of the World. New Jersey: TFH Publications. ISBN 978-0-86622-749-0. .. ... had regional specializations consisting of cervical (neck), thoracic (chest), lumbar (lower back), sacral (pelvic), and caudal ... except from the atlas, axis, and 1-3 neck vertebrae). In other words, most of a snake's skeleton is an extremely extended ...
a b c d e Thieme Atlas of anatomy (2006), pp 472-473 ... Posterior branches of cervical nerves. *Suboccipital - C1. * ... Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 1-58890-419-9.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... a b Thieme Atlas of anatomy (2006), pp 470-471 *^ ...
Radiology image: Headneck:15Commo from Radiology Atlas at SUNY Downstate Medical Center (need to enable Java) ... cervical branches (ascending palatine, tonsillar, submental, glandular). *facial branches (inferior labial. *superior labial / ...
Lui WO, Pourmand N, Patterson BK, Fire A (July 2007). "Patterns of known and novel small RNAs in human cervical cancer". Cancer ... June 2007). "A mammalian microRNA expression atlas based on small RNA library sequencing". Cell. 129 (7): 1401-14. doi:10.1016/ ...
Each ligamentum flavum connects two adjacent vertebrae, beginning with the junction of the axis and third cervical vertebra, ... Medial: Cruciate ligament of atlas (Transverse ligament of atlas). *Alar ligament. *Apical ligament of dens ...
"Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles ... The latissimus dorsi is innervated by the sixth, seventh, and eighth cervical nerves through the thoracodorsal (long ... Giacomo, Giovanni Di; Pouliart, Nicole; Costantini, Alberto; Vita, Andrea de (September 25, 2008). Atlas of Functional Shoulder ...
"Histology: a text and atlas." 4th edition, p. 453. ISBN 0-683-30242-6. ... Karies yang terdapat pada 1/3 cervical dari permukaan buccal/labial atau lingual palatinal dari seluruh gigi-geligi. ... Histology: a text and atlas. 4th edition. ISBN 0-683-30242-6. ...
Ghali GE, Sinn DP, Tantipasawasin S (March 2002). "Management of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis". Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg ... as well as on the cervical spine, which shows a curvature. In addition, an asymmetry of the ears can be seen, with the ear on ... 1999). "Metopic synostosis". Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. 9. Rolling Meadows IL: American Association of Neurological ...
Researchers find cervical thymus that produces T cells and mounts antibody response, 3. märts 2006, (vaadatud 30.12.2014) ... Julius M. Cruse, MD, PhD, Robert E. Lewis, Atlas of Immunology, 3. trükk, CRC Press, 2010, lk 307-341, 2010 ... Wang J, Fu H, Yang H, Wang L, He Y., Clinical management of cervical ectopic thymus in children. Lühikokkuvõte., J Pediatr Surg ... T E Herman ja M J Siegel, Cervical ectopic thymus, Journal of Perinatology (2009) 29, 173-174; doi:10.1038/jp.2008.89, 2009 ...
Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System (5th ed.). Thieme. p. 154. ISBN 1-58890-159-9.. ... Fibers of the fifth, sixth and seventh cervical nerves make up the components of the musculocutaneous nerve which supply the ...
The first cervical vertebra is the axis bone, which is connected and often fused to the atlas bone. Farther posteriorly, the ... The presacrals are divided into cervical (neck) and dorsal (back) vertebrae, with around 10 cervicals and 17 dorsals, the total ...
In anatomy, the atlas is the top cervical vertebra (neck bones) of the spine. In anatomy, the atlas is written (C1) for short. ... It is named for the Atlas of mythology, because it supports the head in the same way as Atlas held the world on his shoulders. ... The atlas connects to a vertebra called the axis. Together they form the joint connecting the skull to the rest of the spine. ... The atlas and axis are different in shape from all the other vertebrae. They have more movement. They allow the head to nod and ...
... The C1 vertebra, known as the atlas, is the superior-most vertebra in the spinal column. It ... The atlas is the thinnest and most delicate of the cervical vertebrae, consisting of a thin ring of bone with a few small ... The C1, or first cervical vertebra, is commonly called the atlas due to its unique position in the spine. In Greek mythology, ... Atlas was the titan who held the Earth on his shoulders, just like the atlas holds the skull on top of the neck. Continue ...
Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses and the posterior ... The vertebral arteries are about to enter the transverse foramina of the atlas. They are surrounded by a rete of veins which is ... Axial section of the atlas through the lateral masses and the posterior arch. The mid-portion of the odontoid process displays ...
At the cervical region the spinal column is further classified into an upper and lower cervical region. ... At the cervical region the spinal column is further classified into an upper and lower cervical region. The atlas is one of the ... Atlas. Atlas. Medically reviewed by the Healthline Medical Network - Written by the Healthline Editorial Team on January 20, ... This first cervical bone is named from the mythical Greek god who carried the world on his shoulders, as its function is to ...
An automatic atlas-free method for segmenting the cervical spinal cord on midsagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images ( ... An automatic atlas-free method for segmenting the cervical spinal cord on midsagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images ( ... In this paper, we report an automatic atlas-free algorithm that can perform cervical spinal cord segmentation in standard T2- ... Atlas-Free Cervical Spinal Cord Segmentation on Midsagittal T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Images. ...
The Human Protein Atlas project is funded. by the Knut & Alice Wallenberg Foundation. ... CERVICAL CANCER - Interactive survival scatter ploti. The Survival Scatter plot shows the clinical status (i.e. dead or alive) ... CERVICAL CANCER - Protein expressioni. A mouse-over function shows sample information and annotation data. Click on an image to ... Note that samples used for immunohistochemistry by the Human Protein Atlas do not correspond to samples in the TCGA dataset. ...
Robert Atlas discuss cervical incompetence is a condition that can lead to miscarriage and premature births. ... About Robert Atlas, M.D. ›. Dr. Robert Atlas is Chair of The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Mercy and is committed ...
This atlas documents current surgical approaches to the craniocervical... ... Atlas of Craniocervical Junction and Cervical Spine Surgery auf frohberg.de - ... This atlas documents current surgical approaches to the craniocervical junction and the cervical spine, providing step-by-step ... Cervical Spine Surgery Mummaneni, P.V.; Kanter, A.S.; Wang, M.Y. ... Atlas of Craniocervical Junction and Cervical Spine Surgery. ...
Retest and Interreader Reproducibility of Semiautomated Atlas-Based Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data in Acute Cervical ... Retest and Interreader Reproducibility of Semiautomated Atlas-Based Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data in Acute Cervical ... Retest and Interreader Reproducibility of Semiautomated Atlas-Based Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data in Acute Cervical ... Retest and Interreader Reproducibility of Semiautomated Atlas-Based Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data in Acute Cervical ...
Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery, Neurosurgery" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery. Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine ... Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery. MD, Vincent C Traynelis, ... lp/ou_press/book-review-atlas-of-craniocervical-juntion-and-cervical-spine-surgery-C2rrdvIHId ...
... cervical vertebra (dorsal view) and lumbar vertebra (dorsal view).lumbar vertebracervical vertebra - RT_atlas_cerv_lombaire.pdf ... Atlas (dorsal and ventral views), cervical vertebra (dorsal view) and lumbar vertebra (dorsal view).lumbar vertebracervical ...
Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cervical Spinal Nerves Eighth Cervical Nerve. ... "Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. ... The eight cervical nerve may give rise to a cutaneous branch of considerable size. Reference Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and ... Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. DAlessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D. Please send us comments by filling out ...
Terkko Navigator / -/ Feeds / ( ( Kannattajanikama ),( Atlas ),( I kaulanikama ),( Atlas ),( Atlasnikama ),( 1. kaulani * ... Atlas of gastrointestinal surgery. Volume 1. Digestive System Surgical Procedures, Gastrointestinal system, Atlases, ... Comparative anatomy and histology : a mouse and human atlas. Mice, Anatomy, Comparative, Humans, Atlases, sähkökirjat, ... Atlas of human anatomy. 1 SIMULTANEOUS USER, Anatomy, Human anatomy, Head, Neck, Back, Spinal Cord, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, ...
Corrections to postural alignment in the upper cervical spine are possible after just 1 Atlas Orthogonal adjustment which is ... AO chiropractic atlas displacement facial pain headache migraine misalignment neck pain tmj ... The Atlas Orthogonal Technique was used to correct poor alignment of her spine. ... Poor function of the spine, particularly the upper cervical spine, will affect her balance, co-ordination and health, ...
Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Third edition. by American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology ... primary cervical screening guidelines and the new 2012/2013 ASCCP updated guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical ... Given the changes to cervical cytology, it is important to keep editions of this book updated, especially if it is to serve as ... The first two editions of this book were published by the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP). This ...
... there is a forward rotary dislocation of the atlas on the axis. The articular facet on one side or the other of the atlas slips ... 5 The child apparently holds his head to one side to relieve the pain of a cervical adenitis and, after a variable period of ... it is most frequently seen following painful cervical adenitis. However, it has also been described following acute rheumatic ... AbstractROTARY dislocation of the atlas on the axis in association with infections about the head and neck and without known ...
... another cervical vertebra, two thoracic vertebrae with inter-vertebral discs and one lumbar vertebra - Anatomy Models and ... 5 Vertebrae - Atlas, axis, cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. Loosely threaded on nylon. - 3B Smart Anatomy Deluxe ... 6 Mounted Vertebrae, atlas, axis, another cervical vertebra, two thoracic vertebrae with inter-vertebral discs and one lumbar ... Consisting of atlas, axis, another cervical vertebra, two thoracic vertebrae with inter-vertebral discs and one lumbar vertebra ...
Both C1 (atlas) and C2 are demonstrated. The odontoid process of the axis is shown fractured. The vertebrae are shown from a ... anatomical, anatomy, arthrosis, atlanto-axial, atlanto-occipital, atlantoaxial, atlas, axial, axile, axis, back, backbone, ... backs, bone, bones, break, breaks, broken, c-1, c-2, c1, c2, cervical, cervicalis, color, column, columns, content, dens, ...
... along the cervical spine, most commonly in the uppermost vertebra, or the atlas. The Atlas Orthogonal treatment program was ... such as an Atlas Orthogonist, a specialist in the Atlas Orthogonal chiropractic technique.. What is an Atlas Orthogonist?. An ... The Atlas Orthogonal Percussion Adjusting Instrument functions in the same manner as this principle. In the adjusting head of ... The Atlas Orthogonal chiropractic technique is a healthcare system utilized to help adjust misalignments, or subluxations, ...
Long-Term Cervical Collar restrictscervical spine movement to promote patient recovery. Large trachea opening for quick access ... Long-Term Cervical Collar restrictscervical spine movement to promote patient recovery. *Large trachea opening for quick access ...
Preferred examination All initial evaluations of cervical spine injuries should begin with plain radiographs. A variety of ... Fractures of the atlas. Fractures of the atlas are not uncommon and actually constitute 10% of all cervical spine injuries in ... For more information on cervical spine injuries, see the Medscape Reference articles Cervical Spine Anatomy, Cervical Spine ... See the cervical spine illustrations below.. Schematic lateral view of the cervical spine. A=anterior spinal line; B=posterior ...
Axial CT at the level of the first cervical vertebra (atlas). ... First cervical vertebra (atlas) level Axial CT at the level of ... Medical ImagingHead and NeckHead - axial CTFirst cervical vertebra (atlas) level ... Cervical Spine This article covers the anatomy of the cervical spine/vertebrae, such as nerves, ligaments, muscles, and ... CT and MRI imaging of normal anatomy at the level of the first cervical vertebra. [24:31] ...
Atlas is the first cervical vertebra. NUCCA Doctors Atlas Doctors. Proper alignment is critical. ... What Is the Atlas and Where Is It? ... NUCCA Doctors Are Atlas Doctors , Upper Cervical Care. Home/ ... What Is the Atlas and Where Is It? atlas: noun. Anatomy. The first cervical vertebra, which supports the head. ... NUCCA Doctors are Atlas Doctors. The NUCCA practice focusses on the upper cervical bones, including the atlas. Adjustments are ...
Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex and important ... The key vertebrae in the CCJ is the atlas or 1st cervical vertebrae. When the atlas becomes misaligned it can increase tension ... atlas (1st cervical vertebrae), axis (second cervical vertebrae) and supporting muscles and ligaments. It is a transitional ... Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic Technique is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex joint ...
... File Name: atlas_of_craniocervical_junction_and_cervical_spine ... c1 and c2 form a unique set of articulationsupper cervical spine disors anatomy of the head and upper cervical spine disors ... this is aplex region where the skull and upper cervical spine connect. the connection between the brain and the spinal cord is ... the first 2 c1 and c2 are highly specialized and are given unique names atlas and axis respectively. c3c7 are more classic ...
... atlas chiropractic realignment is now a growing remedy to treat various symptoms & conditions. Learn more about it here on this ... What Is an Atlas Realignment Procedure?. The top bone in the neck is sometimes referred to as the atlas. This is because it ... What Does the Atlas Do?. The atlas serves a number of vital functions within the body. Here are some of the more important ... The Atlas Chiropractic Realignment Procedure. Upper cervical chiropractors specialize in identifying and correct misalignments ...
"Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Caudal." Atlas of Pain Medicine Procedures Diwan S, ... Doshi R, Patel VB, Abdi S. Doshi R, Patel V.B., Abdi S Doshi, Raj, et al.Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, ... Chapter 21: Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Caudal Raj Doshi; Vikram B. Patel; ... The ligamentum flavum can be discontinuous in the cervical and high thoracic regions, making localization of the epidural space ...
Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network et al, 2013. The Cancer Genome Atlas Pan-Cancer analysis project. Nat Genet.. PubMed: ... The widespread use of cervical screening programs has reduced the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more in ... Cervical cancer. Colorectal cancer. Endometrial cancer. Glioma. Head and neck cancer. Liver cancer. Lung cancer. Melanoma. ... A pathology atlas of the human cancer transcriptome. Science.. PubMed: 28818916 DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2507 ...
2.32)Now well look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament.Heres ... The nuchal ligament limits forward flexion of the head and the cervical spine. It also serves as the attachment for some major ... The nuchal ligament limits forward flexion of the head and the cervical spine. It also serves as the attachment for some major ... Now well look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament. ...
Frequenty asked questions about professional health care practices specializing in NUCCA upper cervical correction services and ... The Upper Cervical doctor will make the correction only after an intensive analysis of how far out of position your atlas is. ... The Upper Cervical Chiropractic doctor has to rely on x-rays to determine the exact position your atlas/axis vertebrae have ... The Upper Cervical doctors objective is to make as precise an Upper Cervical correction as possible. Then they must help you ...
What happens to the Atlas when it is repositioned to the right place? ... Atlas Correction and The first cervical vertebra of the spine. Call Balans Medika Belgrade and schedule appointment. ... WHO DOES ATLAS CORRECTION TREATMENT? World-renowned expert in atlas and cervical spine placement, Prof. Dr. Slaviša Đurđević, ... Atlas Correction - The first cervical vertebra of the spine. * Post author By neparno10 ...
  • The atlas is the thinnest and most delicate of the cervical vertebrae, consisting of a thin ring of bone with a few small projections. (innerbody.com)
  • Unlike most vertebrae, there is no body or centrum on the anterior end of the atlas. (innerbody.com)
  • Compared to the other vertebrae of the spine, the vertebral foramen is much larger in the atlas, providing significant space for movement of the soft nervous tissue during flexion and rotation of the head and neck. (innerbody.com)
  • The atlas is one of the two upper cervical vertebrae, also known as C1, which is the topmost vertebra of the spinal column. (healthline.com)
  • The cervical spine consists of seven vertebrae and is located at the base of the skull. (healthline.com)
  • The Atlas Orthogonal treatment program was first developed specifically to help treat spinal complications along the upper back or neck region, particularly among the vertebrae which connect to the skull. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • The tip is placed within the side of the vertebra and the percussive force moves the vertebrae in the desired direction based on the coordinated set by the healthcare professional, such as an Atlas Orthogonist, a specialist in the Atlas Orthogonal chiropractic technique. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • Unlike other vertebrae, the atlas does not have a spinous process (the spinal bumps). (sandiegonucca.com)
  • The CCJ is a collective term that refers to the occiput (base of skull), atlas (1st cervical vertebrae), axis (second cervical vertebrae) and supporting muscles and ligaments. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
  • The key vertebrae in the CCJ is the atlas or 1st cervical vertebrae. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
  • the connection between the brain and the spinal cord is at the base of the brainstem in the region of the craniocervical junction.cervical spine anatomy overview gross anatomy the cervical spine is m up of 7 vertebrae. (blogspot.com)
  • Facilitation of blood flow - While this is not unique to the atlas, it is one of the seven cervical vertebrae that have vertebral foramen, loops of bone that provide safe passage for the arteries that carry blood to the head. (uppercervicalawareness.com)
  • Body Imbalance occurs when the C1 or atlas, and/or the C2 or axis, the top two vertebrae in the neck, are misaligned and out of their proper position. (atlas-awareness.com)
  • Truncal vertebrae (divided into thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in mammals ) lie caudal (toward the tail) of cervical vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] In sauropsid species, the cervical vertebrae bear cervical ribs . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ citation needed ] Most mammals have seven cervical vertebrae, with the only three known exceptions being the manatee with six, the two-toed sloth with five to six, and the three-toed sloth with nine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Position of human cervical vertebrae (shown in red). (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the true vertebrae and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar regions by the presence of a foramen (hole) in each transverse process, through which the vertebral artery , vertebral veins , and inferior cervical ganglion pass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite greatly differing neck lengths, okapi (left) and giraffe (right) both have seven cervical vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • By convention, the cervical vertebrae are numbered, with the first one (C1) closest to the skull and higher numbered vertebrae (C2-C7) proceeding away from the skull and down the spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The general characteristics of the third through sixth cervical vertebrae are described here. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superior and inferior articular processes of cervical vertebrae have fused on either or both sides to form articular pillars , columns of bone that project laterally from the junction of the pedicle and lamina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Atlas then fuses the vertebrae above and below the replacement disc for stability and symptom relief. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • In fact, by adjusting the Atlas, the second vertebra is also freed from potential misplacement, as are the other cervical vertebrae, through a kind of "domino effect. (blogspot.com)
  • cervical vertebrae The vertebrae of the neck. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The number of cervical vertebrae varies: for example, rabbits have 7 and humans have 12. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Laminectomy of cervical vertebrae provides in situ view of the spinal cord and canal. (neurosurgicalatlas.com)
  • These vertebrae are shaped differently from the rest of the cervical spine to protect these vital structures and allow for mobility of the head. (boneandspine.com)
  • The blade may contain small portions of the fifth and sixth neck bones (cervical vertebrae). (gc.ca)
  • In a migraine case study, headache symptoms significantly decreased with an accompanying increase in intracranial compliance index following atlas vertebrae realignment. (hindawi.com)
  • Bony parts supporting the ribs between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae. (ikonet.com)
  • The human spinal column is made up of 33 bones: 7 vertebrae in the cervical region, 12 in the thoracic region, 5 in the lumbar region, 5 in the sacral region and 4 in the coccygeal region. (washington.edu)
  • Most mammals have only seven neck bones (cervical vertebrae), but there are exceptions to this rule. (washington.edu)
  • The manatee and the two-toed sloth have only SIX cervical vertebrae, the ant bear has EIGHT cervical vertebrae and the three-toed sloth has NINE cervical vertebrae. (washington.edu)
  • A sprain refers to a ligamentous injury, and the diagnosis of cervical sprain implies that the ligamentous and capsular structures connecting the cervical facet joints and vertebrae have been damaged. (medscape.com)
  • Cervical vertebrae, the atlas and the axis. (medscape.com)
  • The remaining cervical vertebrae (C3-C7) are similar in function and appearance. (medscape.com)
  • This video animation about the cervical spine explains the many different anatomical parts of the neck, including the vertebrae, joints, intervertebral discs, ligaments, and more. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The cervical spine, also known as the neck, is made up of the first 7 vertebrae in your spinal column. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The third through sixth cervical vertebrae (C3-C6) are different from the atlas and axis. (spineuniverse.com)
  • An overhead view of the fourth cervical vertebra is typically shaped as the other vertebrae in thoracic and lumbar spine. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The seventh cervical vertebra (C7) is called the vertebra prominens because it's spinous process is more prominent than other cervical vertebrae. (spineuniverse.com)
  • These cervical vertebrae are called the axis and the atlas. (reference.com)
  • The 7 cervical vertebrae form the bones of the neck that support the skull and organs of the head. (innerbody.com)
  • Hollow spaces within the cervical vertebrae protect and conduct the spinal cord and vertebral arteries through the neck. (innerbody.com)
  • Muscle attachment sites on the cervical vertebrae provide movement and posture to the head and neck. (innerbody.com)
  • The inferior articular facets are extremely smooth on their inferior surfaces and form the lateral atlanto-axial joint between the atlas and the axis. (innerbody.com)
  • In addition, several intertransversarii muscles connect the transverse processes of the atlas to those of the axis, allowing lateral flexion of the entire neck to pull the head laterally toward one of the shoulders. (innerbody.com)
  • The atlas does not look like a typical vertebra, with its ring-like structure and the absence of a body, which is actually fused to the axis. (healthline.com)
  • ROTARY dislocation of the atlas on the axis in association with infections about the head and neck and without known trauma is a syndrome which is seldom described. (mdedge.com)
  • Anatomically, there is a forward rotary dislocation of the atlas on the axis. (mdedge.com)
  • The articular facet on one side or the other of the atlas slips forward and downward on its opposing member on the axis and locks into position. (mdedge.com)
  • the first 2 c1 and c2 are highly specialized and are given unique names atlas and axis respectively. (blogspot.com)
  • NO. The Upper Cervical Correction can be described as a slight pre-determined direction of pressure applied to the first bone (atlas) or second bone (axis) in the neck. (atlas-awareness.com)
  • Rotating the head to the left or right is enabled by the ATLAS lying on the second cervical vertebra which is the AXIS. (balansmedika.com)
  • Depending on the type of misalignment of the Atlas, negative impacts may also arise in the alignment of the Axis (second cervical vertebra, or C2). (blogspot.com)
  • The cervical spine is divided into upper cervical spine which is formed by the atlas (C1), the axis (C2) and adjoining structures. (boneandspine.com)
  • In normal conditions, the articulation of the odontoid process of C2 (axis) with the anterior arch of C1 (atlas) allows for 50% of the cervical lateral rotation. (boneandspine.com)
  • The objective of the National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association (NUCCA) developed atlas correction procedure is restoration of misaligned spinal structures to the vertical axis or gravity line. (hindawi.com)
  • Described as the "restoration principle," realignment aims to reestablish a patient's normal biomechanical relationship of the upper cervical spine to the vertical axis (gravity line). (hindawi.com)
  • First cervical vertebra supporting the head and supported by the axis. (ikonet.com)
  • C2 is the axis and includes the dens (odontoid process), a tooth-like bone that projects upward into the ring of the atlas. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The axis and atlas allow the head to rotate, move side-to-side, and move forward and backward. (spineuniverse.com)
  • When a headache is sudden, severe, or persistent, it is important to have a medical evaluation before concluding that you have a neck-related headache or before submitting to neck manipulation, especially upper cervical manipulation that involves rotation of the atlas on the axis. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • There are no interlocking joint surfaces and no intervertebral disc to limit rotation of the atlas on the axis, which is restrained primarily by ligaments. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • When rotation of the atlas exceeds 45 or 50 degrees, vertebral arteries threading through transverse processes on each side of the axis and atlas (to enter an opening in the base of the skull) are stretched, risking stroke caused by vertebral artery dissection or clot formation. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Forced rotation of the atlas on the axis past 45 or 50 degrees stretches the vertebral arteries. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • the second cervical vertebra, below the atlas at the top of the backbone. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The posterior arch extends posteriorly from the lateral masses and completes the ring of the atlas around the hollow vertebral foramen. (innerbody.com)
  • The spinal cord and spinal nerves that pass through the vertebral foramen of the neck are shielded from physical injury by the bony ring of the atlas. (innerbody.com)
  • The vertebral arteries are about to enter the transverse foramina of the atlas. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Other anatomical landmarks on the atlas include the anterior arch and tubercle, posterior arch and tubercle, vertebral notches, facets, and transverse processes. (healthline.com)
  • Illustration of the cervical spine (side view) showing a fracture of the anterior inferior corner of the vertebral body and disruption of the interspinous stabilizing ligaments. (medscape.com)
  • Changes in the anatomical position of the Atlas vertebra and subsequent changes in the circulation of the vertebral artery lends itself to worsening of hypertension. (ucmonograph.org)
  • The vertebral transverse processes of mammals are homologous to the cervical ribs of other amniotes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead Dr. Atlas creates a hinge between the lamina and vertebral body using bone grafts to increase space around your nerves and spinal cord. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • The atlas is the most fragile vertebral segment. (boneandspine.com)
  • Accuracy and Safety of Lateral Vertebral Notch-Referred Technique Used in Subaxial Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The spinal cord is located in the vertebral foramen and is made up of 31 segments: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 1 coccygeal. (washington.edu)
  • While upper neck manipulation might sometimes be an effective treatment for a cervicogenic headache, care must be taken to avoid upper cervical manipulative techniques that may pose risk of stroke by damaging vertebral and internal carotid arteries. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • The greatest amount of rotation in the cervical spine occurs in the atlanto-axial (C1-2) joints in the upper cervical spine where vertebral arteries are most often injured. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Many neck muscles work together to rotate the head, but several of these muscles - including the rectus capitis lateralis and obliquus capitis superior - arise from the transverse processes of the atlas. (innerbody.com)
  • Transverse cervical a. (google.com)
  • The atlanto-axial joint is kept in place by four ligaments: the articular capsules, the anterior and posterior atlantoaxial ligaments and the transverse ligament of the atlas. (reference.com)
  • A comparison of cervical disc arthroplasty and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in patients with two-level cervical degenerative disc disease: 5-year follow-up results. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Reoperation and complications after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and cervical disc arthroplasty: a study of 52,395 cases. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Comparison of Mobi-C Cervical Disc Arthroplasty versus Fusion for the Treatment of Symptomatic Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Mobi-C cervical disc arthroplasty (MCDA) has been regarded as an alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Is cervical disc arthroplasty good for congenital cervical stenosis? (thejns.org)
  • Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been demonstrated to be as safe and effective as anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the management of 1- and 2-level degenerative disc disease (DDD). (thejns.org)
  • Used alone or in combination, our method lays a foundation for computer-aided diagnosis of spinal diseases, particularly cervical spondylotic myelopathy. (hindawi.com)
  • Among them, cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the commonest cause of spinal cord dysfunction in adults globally [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Current radiological modality of choice to assess the severity of cervical myelopathy is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (hindawi.com)
  • Based on these methods, experts have developed standardized measurements on midsagittal MR images to quantitatively assess the severity of cord compression in cervical myelopathy in recent years [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Minimally Invasive Cervical Laminectomy for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a common cause of neurological disability, especially in aging populations. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, there has been a lack of data to address the fundamental discrepancy between the two surgeries (CDA vs ACDF), and preservation versus elimination of motion, in the management of cervical myelopathy associated with congenital cervical stenosis (CCS). (thejns.org)
  • Inclusion criteria were age less than 50 years, CCS (Pavlov ratio ≤ 0.82), symptomatic myelopathy correlated with DDD, and stenosis limited to 3 levels of the subaxial cervical (C3-7) spine. (thejns.org)
  • Modern Colposcopy, 3rd Edition, has been updated to include the 2012 American Cancer Society/ASCCP/American Society for Clinical Pathology (ACS/ASCCP/ASCP) primary cervical screening guidelines and the new 2012/2013 ASCCP updated guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cytology and cervical precancer. (lww.co.uk)
  • The first two editions of this book were published by the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP). (lww.co.uk)
  • Rauschning W (1991) Anatomy and pathology of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • The NUCCA practice focusses on the upper cervical bones, including the atlas. (sandiegonucca.com)
  • When the atlas becomes misaligned it can increase tension on the spinal cord, spinal nerves, muscles, ligaments, veins and arteries in the CCJ and can disrupt the proper function of the nerve, muscular, vestibular, vascular, and cerebral spinal fluid systems. (thevitalenergycenter.com)
  • Now we'll look at the three ligaments that run the length of the cervical spine, starting with the nuchal ligament. (aclandanatomy.com)
  • The specific arrangement of ligaments at the craniocervical junction utilizes the atlas as a washer or base for a coupled, multiplanar motion. (boneandspine.com)
  • More than 12 different ligaments help stabilize the cervical spinal column and control and prevent excessive movement, such as hyperextension (backward) and hyperflexion (forward). (spineuniverse.com)
  • A cervical laminoplasty is similar to a laminectomy but doesn't involve removal of the lamina. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Posterior (dorsal) roots of cervical spinal nerves emerge from the dorsolateral segments of the cervical cord. (neurosurgicalatlas.com)
  • Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery MD, Vincent C Traynelis, 2018-05-08 00:00:00 True to the title, this work is focused on surgery of the craniovertebral junction and subaxial cervical spine. (deepdyve.com)
  • It segregates the material into 3 regions: the craniocervical junction, the subaxial cervical spine, and anatomy of the neck. (deepdyve.com)
  • This section is subdivided into anterior approaches for the craniovertebral junction, anterior and lateral approaches for the subaxial cervical spine, posterior approaches to the subaxial cervical spine, illustrative cases, and complications. (deepdyve.com)
  • Cervical lateral mass screw fixation is indicated for the treatment of cervical subaxial C3-C7 lesions associated with instability. (springer.com)
  • The authors first describe the surgical anatomy of the subaxial cervical posterior approach. (springer.com)
  • Biomechanical studies revealed that pedicle screw instrumentation has a superior stabilizing effect compared with other internal fixations in reconstructing the subaxial cervical spine. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The Atlas Orthogonal chiropractic technique is a healthcare system utilized to help adjust misalignments, or subluxations, along the cervical spine, most commonly in the uppermost vertebra, or the atlas. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • An Atlas Orthogonist is a healthcare professional within the chiropractic field, who is qualified and experienced with training in the structure, function and bio-mechanics of the upper cervical spine. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • Atlas Orthogonal Upper Cervical Chiropractic Technique is a gentle and specific method for adjusting the most complex joint region in the body: The Cranio-cervical junction (CCJ). (thevitalenergycenter.com)
  • After baseline measures subjects were randomized to receive a National Upper Cervical Chiropractic (NUCCA) procedure or a sham procedure. (ucmonograph.org)
  • This observational pilot study followed eleven neurologist diagnosed migraine subjects to determine if the case findings were repeatable at baseline, week four, and week eight, following a National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association intervention. (hindawi.com)
  • Lang J. Clinical anatomy of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • Cervical spinal nerves, also called cervical nerves, provide functional control and sensation to different parts of the body based on the spinal level where they branch out from the spinal cord. (spine-health.com)
  • Comparison of the adverse events of anterior cervical disc replacement versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomized controlled trials. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In the current surgical therapeutic regimen for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease, both anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and anterior cervical disc replacement (ACDR) are st. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study was to analyze rates of perioperative complications and subsequent cervical surgeries in patients treated for cervical degenerative disc disease with anterior cervical discectomy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and effectiveness of the Advent™ Cervical Disc compared to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) in treating degenerative di. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study is intended to demonstrate that the Simplify™ Disc is at least as safe and effective as conventional anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) when used to treat one leve. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Patients with single-level cervical degenerative disc disease commonly undertook anterior discectomy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To compare the effect of anterior cervical discectomy without fusion (ACD), anterior c. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Consecutive patients who underwent 3-level anterior cervical discectomy were retrospectively reviewed. (thejns.org)
  • Cervical PLDD (Percutaneous Laser Discectomy). (springer.com)
  • Using these muscles and skeletal landmarks, identify the posterior cervical triangle. (google.com)
  • Note: The posterior cervical triangle is bounded anteriorly by the posterior border of the SCM, posteriorly by the superior part of the trapezius, and inferiorly by the clavicle. (google.com)
  • 3.) Identify the two sub-triangles within the posterior cervical triangle. (google.com)
  • Note: The posterior cervical triangle may be subdivided into two triangles. (google.com)
  • Heller JG, Silcox DH III, Sutterlin CE III (1995) Complications of posterior cervical plating. (springer.com)
  • Zhang J, Tsuzuki N, Hirabayashi S, Saiki K, Fujita K (2003) Surgical anatomy of the nerves and muscles in the posterior cervical spine: a guide for avoiding inadvertent nerve injuries during the posterior approach. (springer.com)
  • The atlas is located at the top of the neck, just inferior to the condyles of the occipital bone of the skull and superior to the C2 vertebra. (innerbody.com)
  • december 2017 uk researchers find significant correlations using flexedneck position mri scans of cavaliers and other brachycephalic dogs with and without chiarilike malformation.occipital condyles wikipedia the occipital condyles are ursurface protuberances of the occipital bone in vertebrates which function in articulation with the superior facets of the atlas vertebra.normal thickness and appearance of the prevertebral soft materials and methods. (blogspot.com)
  • The joint between that atlas and the occipital allows you to nod your head forward and back. (uppercervicalawareness.com)
  • La primera vértebra cervical establece una articulación sinovial con los cóndilos del occipital, sin que haya de por medio disco fibrocartilaginoso. (bvsalud.org)
  • The first cervical vertebra establishes a synovial joint with the occipital condyles , without having a fibrocartilaginous disc. (bvsalud.org)
  • The C1 vertebra, or atlas, is ring-shaped, has large lateral masses, and attaches to the occipital condyles of the skull, providing support. (medscape.com)
  • All initial evaluations of cervical spine injuries should begin with plain radiographs. (medscape.com)
  • Platzer et al looked at the frequency and reasons for delayed or missed diagnosis at a level 1 trauma unit with a view to provide recommendations for optimal examination of patients with suspected cervical spine injuries. (medscape.com)
  • The authors suggested that for optimal examination of patients with suspected cervical spine injuries, specific diagnostic algorithms are needed, including complete sets of proper radiographs with functional flexion/extension views, secondary evaluation of the radiographs by experienced staff, and further radiologic examinations (CT, MRI) if evaluation of standard views is difficult. (medscape.com)
  • uptodate evaluation and management in adult patients with new neck pain cervical spine imaging of adults following traumac2 fractures background anatomy pathophysiology cervical spine cspine injuries are the most feared of all spinal injuries because of the potential for significantleterious sequelae. (blogspot.com)
  • Car accidents, sports injuries, or slip and fall accidents account for many of the head or neck traumas that result in upper cervical misalignments. (uppercervicalawareness.com)
  • Acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in sports range from mild sprains to fracture dislocations with catastrophic consequences. (springer.com)
  • Serious acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports are rare but are seen with greater frequency in certain sports such as football, hockey, and gymnastics. (springer.com)
  • Overuse injuries to the cervical and thoracic spine are seen in noncontact sports and can result in spinal deformity and adult pattern injury. (springer.com)
  • This chapter covers common acute and overuse cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports, with a focus on clinical and radiographic diagnosis, acute management of the injury, and return-to-play guidelines. (springer.com)
  • The most frequent cervical injuries in athletes are probably acute strains and sprains of the musculature of the neck, as well as soft-tissue contusions. (medscape.com)
  • Practically, a cervical sprain may be difficult to differentiate from a strain, and the 2 injuries often occur simultaneously. (medscape.com)
  • The mainstay of prevention and treatment of cervical spine injuries is maintaining good strength and flexibility through conditioning. (medscape.com)
  • Cervical spine injuries occur in an estimated 10-15% of football players, most commonly in defensive ends, linemen, and linebackers. (medscape.com)
  • The anterior tubercle of the sixth cervical vertebra is known as the carotid tubercle or Chassaignac tubercle . (wikipedia.org)
  • As in the myth, the first cervical vertebra is known as the Atlas because it bears the weight of the whole head. (blogspot.com)
  • The first cervical vertebra is known in the Terminologia Anatomica and the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria with the name of Atlas [C1]. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ishikawa Y, Kanemura T, Yoshida G, Ito Z, Muramoto A, Ohno S (2010) Clinical accuracy of three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based computer-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement: a retrospective comparative study of conventional versus computer-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement. (springer.com)
  • Neck pain associated with whiplash-associated disorders resulting from an automobile accident are reportedly the most prevalent cause for discomfort along the cervical spine. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • Those with hypertension and absence of neck pain will have misalignment of their Atlas vertebra where upon correction will lead to significant lowering of their blood pressure. (ucmonograph.org)
  • Severe neck pain, numbness and tingling, and weakness in your arms sometimes requires cervical spine surgery. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Dr. Atlas recommends conservative treatment options for neck pain, nerve, and disc problems as much as possible, though sometimes surgery is needed. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Cervical spine manipulation has been found to be effective in patients with mechanical neck pain. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study will be to investigate the effects of cervical spine manipulation on pain, disability and cervicokinethesia in patients with mechanical neck pain. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aims of this study were to examine autonomic nervous system responses by using heart rate variability analysis (HRV), hemodynamic parameters and numeric pain scale (NPS) when either upper (C1 and C2) or lower (C6 and C7) cervical segments were manipulated in volunteers, and whether such response would be altered in acute mechanical neck pain patients after spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). (chiro.org)
  • However, dominance of parasympathetic activity was found in patients with neck pain that received both upper and lower cervical SMT. (chiro.org)
  • This atlas documents current surgical approaches to the craniocervical junction and the cervical spine, providing step-by-step guidance on procedures and cervical spine stabilization techniques. (frohberg.de)
  • The different techniques employed in this delicate anatomic region, including transnasal and transoral endoscopic approaches to the craniocervical junction and posterior and anterior approaches to the cervical spine, are then explained and illustrated with a view to providing the surgeon with a clear reference that can be used in the operating room. (frohberg.de)
  • One deficiency is failure to include the cervical thoracic junction. (deepdyve.com)
  • This region is just as important in cervical spine surgery as the craniovertebral junction and hopefully in a future edition this region will be included. (deepdyve.com)
  • An injury to osseoligamentous components in this region may, therefore, compromise the structural integrity of the entire craniocervical junction and therefore needs to be addressed separately from rest of cervical spine. (boneandspine.com)
  • Bauer R, Kerschbaumer F, Poisel S (1993) Posterior approach to the cervical spine with occipitocervical junction. (springer.com)
  • Dr. Atlas discusses which surgical options are best for your particular case after reviewing your medical records, completing a physical exam, and assessing your X-rays and MRI. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Surgical anatomy imaging associated with cervical cancer treatment: A cadaveric study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Also included are the indications and surgical techniques involving an open standard approach, giving a most exhaustive knowledge of the cervical spine surgery. (frohberg.de)
  • Cervical disc replacement (CDR) is a viable option for the surgical treatment o. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Surgical treatment mainly includes anterior cervical disk fusion. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This well-illustrated atlas provides detailed coverage of the surgical anatomy of the skeletal system of dogs and cats. (elsevier.com)
  • Of these muscles, the longus colli muscle inserts at the anterior tubercle of the atlas and the rectus capitis posterior muscle arises from the posterior tubercle. (innerbody.com)
  • The biocompatible silicone plunger enables the muscles and connective tissue around the ATLAS to be stimulated gently and precisely. (storzmedical.com)
  • therefore, afferent supply to these muscles comes from ventral primary rami of cervical nerves (C2-C4). (google.com)
  • The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cervical muscles that are commonly strained include the sternocleidomastoid (SCM), the trapezius, the rhomboids, the erector spinae, the scalenes, and the levator scapulae. (medscape.com)
  • Lateral flexion, or rotating the head from side to side, requires pivoting of the skull and atlas at the atlanto-axial joint. (innerbody.com)
  • In the cervical segment, the ventral horn (the lower half of the segment) is enlarged. (washington.edu)
  • Insufficiency fractures in patients treated with pelvic radiotherapy and chemotherapy for uterine and cervical cancer. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Background: Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) represents a public health problem in many part of the world. (scirp.org)
  • Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) is the fourth most common malignant neoplasia in women worldwide [1]. (scirp.org)
  • Illustration of the upper cervical spine (side view) with bilateral fractures through the pedicles of C2, consistent with a hangman fracture. (medscape.com)
  • Cervical spine fracture through a cervical disc replacement. (bioportfolio.com)
  • On examination she had no neurological signs and standard cervical spine radiographs showed features suggestive of a fracture of the posterior arch of C-1 (fig 1). (bmj.com)
  • The Complication section is also good, but it does not include what is perhaps the most common complication of cervical spine surgery: pulmonary problems. (deepdyve.com)
  • Atlas of gastrointestinal surgery. (helsinki.fi)
  • If you're considering surgery for your symptoms, see board-certified orthopedic surgeon Orin Atlas, MD, FAAOS, founder of Atlas Spine. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • When is cervical spine surgery recommended? (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Am I a candidate for cervical spine surgery? (atlasspinellc.com)
  • If you take blood thinners or other medications that could make surgery dangerous, Dr. Atlas provides recommendations to reduce your risk of bleeding during surgery. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Chronic conditions like diabetes can slow healing, so Dr. Atlas outlines what to expect after surgery, as appropriate. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • To discuss cervical spine surgery for your condition, call Atlas Spine or schedule a visit online now. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • In: An HSSJ (ed) Surgery of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • Cervical Spine Surgery Challenges: Diagnosis and Management is a practical reference for surgeons treating patients with the full range of cervical spine disorders, including degenerative spine conditions, neoplasms, inflammatory conditions, infectious conditions, trauma, and deformities. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • This book details the current status of cervical MISS for expert surgeons, young surgeons or clinicians, and residents and fellows with little or no experience on this field of surgery. (frohberg.de)
  • Due to the difficulty of finding books with both minimal invasive cervical spine surgery and more conventional standard 'open' surgery, the benefit of this book is to permit the surgeons and residents and medical doctors, to have a more complete and immediate knowledge of the topics. (frohberg.de)
  • surgery on cervical VEMP (cVEMP) parameters. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Endoscopic anterior approach for cervical disc disease (disc preserving surgery). (bioportfolio.com)
  • This is an excellent text & atlas on C-Spine Surgery. (springer.com)
  • This product is considered the standard of colposcopy and has the reputation of being the bestselling educational teaching module for the physician, resident, or advanced practice clinician who wishes to bridge the gap between the obvious need for increased early detection of cervical, vaginal, and vulvar disease and the intensive education required for colposcopy. (lww.co.uk)
  • This chapter discusses four significant items: (1) incidences of abnormal colposcopy in healthy women, (2) comparison of its abnormality with histology and (3) cytology, and (4) colposcopic findings focused on the lesions in cervical canal to prevent misdiagnosis. (intechopen.com)
  • Pal GP, Routal RV, Saggu SK (2001) The orientation of the articular facets of the zygapophyseal joints at the cervical and upper thoracic region. (springer.com)
  • The cervical zygapophyseal joints are synovial in nature. (medscape.com)
  • The orientation of the cervical zygapophyseal joints allows them to play a weight-bearing role and to provide resistance to anterior translation. (medscape.com)
  • An appropriate choice has to be made quickly to make a diagnosis of cervical trauma. (medscape.com)
  • In Greek mythology, Atlas was the titan who held the Earth on his shoulders, just like the atlas holds the skull on top of the neck. (innerbody.com)
  • Lastly, all of our nerves exiting the base of the skull pass through the atlas. (sandiegonucca.com)
  • this is aplex region where the skull and upper cervical spine connect. (blogspot.com)
  • The C1 or atlas is a donut-shaped bone that your skull rests on. (atlas-awareness.com)
  • The function of the ATLAS of the first cervical spine is that it supports the skull. (balansmedika.com)
  • Technically, however, skull base is not a part of the upper cervical spine. (boneandspine.com)
  • So the upper cervical spine includes bony and ligamentous structures between the skull base and the cranial side of the C-3 vertebra. (boneandspine.com)
  • Flat bone of the lower back part of the skull articulating with the parietal bone and the atlas. (ikonet.com)
  • The cervical spine begins at the base of the skull. (spineuniverse.com)
  • the nuchal ligament itself attaching to the spinous processes of C2-C7 and to the posterior tubercle of the atlas. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this procedure, Dr. Atlas operates through a small incision in the back of your neck to remove the lamina, a bony part of your vertebra that can compress your nerves and spinal cord if you have spinal stenosis. (atlasspinellc.com)
  • Forty-two consecutive patients undergoing acute trauma cervical spine MR imaging underwent 2 axial DTI scans in addition to their clinical scan. (ajnr.org)
  • Viikari-Juntura E, Porras M, Laasonen R. Validity of clinical tests in the diagnosis of root compression in cervical disc disease. (springer.com)
  • Wang MY, Levi AD (2006) Minimally invasive lateral mass screw fixation in the cervical spine: initial clinical experience with long-term follow-up. (springer.com)
  • Clinical implementation of an online adaptive plan-of-the-day protocol for nonrigid motion management in locally advanced cervical cancer IMRT. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Present the long-term clinical and radiographic comparison between the Prestige-LP cervical disc replacement and the Zero-p spacer cervical disc fusion in treatment of patients with symptomatic two-le. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study is to examine the clinical outcome after anterior cervical decompression and fusion, and cervical disc prostheses in general. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The present study aims to find a differential protein-coding gene caspase 12 ( CASP12 ) in cervical cancer (CC) based on the (TCGA) database and verify its clinical diagnostic and prognostic values. (portlandpress.com)
  • Clinical endications for cervical spine radiographs in the traumatized patient. (bmj.com)
  • This first cervical bone is named from the mythical Greek god who carried the world on his shoulders, as its function is to support the globe of the head. (healthline.com)
  • The top bone in the neck is sometimes referred to as the atlas. (uppercervicalawareness.com)
  • Without correcting the problem, which originated with a single bone (atlas) at the top of your neck moving out of position, your entire body is now imbalanced. (atlas-awareness.com)
  • The second cut passes through the interior edge of the seventh (7th) neck bone (cervical vertebra) and through the blade bone ( scapula ) separating the neck from the shoulder and the blade from the cross-rib . (gc.ca)
  • Anatomical abnormalities of the cervical spine at the level of the Atlas vertebra are associated with relative ischemia of the brainstem circulation and increased blood pressure (BP). (ucmonograph.org)
  • This case serves to emphasise that not all plain film cervical abnormalities, even in the setting of acute trauma, are traumatic in origin and the important adjunctive role of computed tomography in accurately delineating equivocal cases. (bmj.com)
  • Timely diagnosis and treatment of acute cervical and thoracic injury are essential. (springer.com)
  • Understanding when an athlete can safely return to play after an acute cervical or thoracic spine injury is necessary to prevent secondary injury. (springer.com)
  • Here are her lateral cervical radiographs indicating postural changes in lordosis (neck curve). (atlasorthogonal.com.au)
  • Lateral flexion/extension plain radiographs of the cervical spine outruled atlanto-axial instability. (bmj.com)
  • Instability can be shown on lateral flexion/extension plain radiographs or magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine. (bmj.com)
  • We have used cDNA expression arrays to identify global alterations in gene expression induced by E6 and E7 in differentiating cultures of human cervical keratinocytes. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Lateral cervical spine radiograph showing absence of the posterior arches of the atlas. (bmj.com)
  • Studies were included if they described the annual direct cost of invasive cervical cancer and detailed the costing method. (scirp.org)
  • Middle-income countries (MIC) spent median 72.52% of its GDP per capita on the treatment of invasive cervical cancer, while high-income countries (HIC) spent median 30.12% (p = 0.032). (scirp.org)
  • In: The cervical spine research society, editor. (springer.com)
  • The atlas plays a vital role in the support and movement of the head and neck. (innerbody.com)
  • Childbirth itself can move the atlas out of position because of the massive amounts of pressure on the head and neck of the baby as it passes down the birth canal. (atlas-awareness.com)
  • C1, C2, and C3 (the first three cervical nerves) help control the head and neck, including movements forward, backward, and to the sides. (spine-health.com)
  • The combination of a high degree of motility and relatively delicate ligamentous and bony structures makes the upper cervical spine susceptible to injury from indirect high-energy trauma. (boneandspine.com)
  • When cervical trauma exists, it may be at multiple levels, justifying the fact that if treatment is to be instituted, imaging should include the upper and lower cervical hinges. (medscape.com)
  • the patient population consisted of 192 trauma patients 119 men and 73 women who presented to the hospital emergencypartment between january 2007 and april 2007 and urwent mdct of the cervical spine with multiplanar reconstructions as part of a trauma protocol. (blogspot.com)
  • We report a rare case of cervical spine trauma through a cervical disc replacement and adjacent multilevel disc fusions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • There are five joints in the upper cervical spine which are stabilized by ligamentous check rein and muscular control. (boneandspine.com)
  • These joints of Luschka, also known as uncovertebral joints, are not present in the embryologic development of the cervical spine but arise as a result of the degenerative and adaptive changes of annular tissue to stresses and loads. (medscape.com)