Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).Entropy: The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Hydrogen Bonding: A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Achondroplasia: An autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, GENU VARUM, and trident hand. (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man,, MIM#100800, April 20, 2001)Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3: A fibroblast growth factor receptor that regulates CHONDROCYTE growth and CELL DIFFERENTIATION. Mutations in the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 have been associated with ACHONDROPLASIA; THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA and NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION.Thanatophoric Dysplasia: A severe form of neonatal dwarfism with very short limbs. All cases have died at birth or later in the neonatal period.Bone Diseases, DevelopmentalReceptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor: Specific molecular sites or structures on cell membranes that react with FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS (both the basic and acidic forms), their analogs, or their antagonists to elicit or to inhibit the specific response of the cell to these factors. These receptors frequently possess tyrosine kinase activity.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Paternal Age: Age of the biological father.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Point Mutation: A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.Mutation, Missense: A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Frameshift Mutation: A type of mutation in which a number of NUCLEOTIDES deleted from or inserted into a protein coding sequence is not divisible by three, thereby causing an alteration in the READING FRAMES of the entire coding sequence downstream of the mutation. These mutations may be induced by certain types of MUTAGENS or may occur spontaneously.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Genetic Load: The relative amount by which the average fitness of a POPULATION is lowered, due to the presence of GENES that decrease survival, compared to the GENOTYPE with maximum or optimal fitness. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Protein Engineering: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Insurance, Life: Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.United StatesInsurance Selection Bias: Adverse or favorable selection bias exhibited by insurers or enrollees resulting in disproportionate enrollment of certain groups of people.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Annona: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain acetogenins and benzoquinazoline and other alkaloids.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Eggermann T, Begemann M, Binder G, Spengler S (2010). "Silver-Russell syndrome: genetic basis and molecular genetic testing". ... Newbury DF, Monaco AP (Oct 2010). "Genetic advances in the study of speech and language disorders". Neuron. 68 (2): 309-20. doi ... Gilbert F (2002). "Chromosome 7". Genetic Testing. 6 (2): 141-61. doi:10.1089/10906570260199429. PMID 12215256. Hillier LW, ... Williams syndrome is caused by the deletion of genetic material from a portion of the long (q) arm of chromosome 7. The deleted ...
These "genetic adjuvants" can be administered as a: mixture of 2 plasmids, one encoding the immunogen and the other encoding ... The advantages of genetic adjuvants are their low cost and simple administration, as well as avoidance of unstable recombinant ... Wunderlich, G.; Moura, I.C.; Del Portillo, H.A. (2000). "Genetic Immunization of BALB/c mice with a Plasmid Bearing the Gene ... Weiss, R.; Leitner, W.W.; Scheiblhofer, S.; Chen, D.; Bernhaupt, A.; Mostbock, S.; Thalhamer, J.; Lyon, J.A. (2000). "Genetic ...
The project seeks to identify genetic mutations that confer protection to people that have known genetic defects (which causes ... However, the genetic data gathered from 600 000 people was not enough(only resilient individuals of 8 of the targeted diseases ... This approach may seem weird, since the gene that is known to cause a genetic disorder could also be dealt with (head on) by ... "Do 'genetic superheroes' exist? Or did media overhype Resilience Project?". 19 April 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2017. Warren, ...
Rehmann-Sutter (eds.), Genetic Transparency? Ethical and social implications of Next Generation Human Genomics and Genetic ...
Nicoll, James (1999-09-02). "Genetic Engineering?". Newsgroup: rec.arts.sf.written. Usenet: [email protected] ...
She is co-founder of the Genetic Alliance Registry and Biobank,. She is the chair of the Coalition for Genetic Fairness that ... She is the current President and CEO of Genetic Alliance, and Executive Director of PXE International, a research organization ... she was elected an Ashoka Fellow for her entrepreneurial work in engagement and the development of interventions for genetic ... advocated for the passage of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. She also serves on the Advisory Panel for the ...
"Genetic Equation". American Paint Horse Association. Retrieved 2008-09-04. Recent characterization of the gene involved in the ... Blue eyes are not associated with Sabino 1, though horses with Sabino 1 may have blue eyes from an unrelated genetic factor. ... "Splashed White". Genetic Equation. Laura Behning. "Splashed White". Morgan Colors. "Why Color Your Horse?" Sabino Horse ... Since the APHA overo classification system was created prior to modern genetic studies, it is based on physical description and ...
Specific regions of the DNA (genetic markers) is are used to diagnose the autosomal recessive genetic disorder cystic fibrosis ... There are many types of genetic markers, each with particular limitations and strengths. Within genetic markers there are three ... Genetic markers can aid in the development of new novel traits that can be put into mass production. These novel traits can be ... There are two types of maps that may be created for analysis of genetic material. First, is a physical map, that helps identify ...
Holland, John H. (1992). "Genetic Algorithms". Scientific American. 267 (1): 66-72. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0792-66. ...
She has been a contributor as well to the literature on genetic counseling. Lazzarini was a member of The GenePD Study, a 20- ... She was the head author on a paper published in 1994 pinpointing a genetic component to PD; according to the UMDNJ Science blog ... The New York Times reported that "scientists said that finding a site for the gene should help in finding other genetic factors ... Witlow, Joan (February 24, 1991). "Scientists seek cure for OPCA: Patient's family tree yields clues to genetic ailment". The ...
Genetic counselling. Dyskeratosis congenita Glousker G, Touzot F, Revy P, Tzfati Y, Savage SA (2015). "Unraveling the ... Molecular genetic testing - for confirmation. Treatment is supportive. The aplastic anemia and immunodeficiency can be treated ...
The DQ loci are in close genetic linkage to HLA-DR, and less closely linked to HLA-DP, HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-C. Different ... Recent genetic studies into coeliac disease have revealed that the DQA1*05:05:X/Y:DQB1*02:02 gene products explain disease not ... Genetic Typing. With the exception of DQ2 (*02:01) which has a 98% detection capability, serotyping has drawbacks in relative ... In addition, for many HLA studies genetic typing does not offer that much greater advantage over serotyping, but in the case of ...
Measurement of relatedness can be used in forensic genetics, but can also increase information in genetic linkage mapping and ... similarly tried to draw conclusions of the genetic history of populations in the Americas. Ringbauer et al. utilized geographic ... "The Geography of Recent Genetic Ancestry across Europe". PLoS Biology. 11 (5): e1001555. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001555. PMC ... Han, L.; Abney, M. (2011). "Identity by descent estimation with dense genome-wide genotype data". Genetic Epidemiology. 35 (6 ...
"Alex Carneiro Interview". Genetic War. Retrieved 13 September 2015. "Learn the secret to dropping body fat from IFBB pro Alex ...
Genetic Genealogy. Amistads El conflicto in Sierr Leona desde 1991 (in Spanish: The conflict in Sierra Leone since 1991). ...
A specificity of the TDT is that it will detect genetic linkage only in the presence of genetic association. While genetic ... as a family-based association test for the presence of genetic linkage between a genetic marker and a trait. It is an ... This situation can be important if, for example, the genetic marker is linked to a disease locus with a strong selection ... Blackwelder WC, Elston RC (1985). "A comparison of sib-pair linkage tests for disease susceptibility loci". Genetic ...
Oeijord, Nils (2002). Genetic Catastrophe! Sneaking Doomsday?: With a Dictionary of Genetic Damage. iUniverse. ISBN ...
Genetic polymorphism. p17-25. MIT Press 1965. Joron M, Papa R, Beltrán M, et al. (2006). "A conserved supergene locus controls ... Genetics home reference (2006), genetic conditions illustrations, National Library of Medicine. Morgan T.H. 1910. Sex-limited ...
Genetic Epistemology. A series of lectures delivered by Piaget at Columbia University. Published by Columbia University Press; ...
"Mutations and Genetic Disease". Genetic Diseases. ThinkQuest. Archived from the original on 2007-01-03. "Autosomal Recessive: ... Before the discovery of genotyping, they were used as genetic markers in medicolegal practice, including in cases of disputed ... Wooding, Stephen (28 June 2004). "Natural selection at work in genetic variation to taste". Medial News Today. Archived from ... Common violations of the Mendelian model include incomplete dominance, codominance, genetic linkage, environmental effects, and ...
"Genetic Recombination , Learn Science at Scitable". Retrieved 2015-11-13. Yamada, Kazuhiro; Ariyoshi, Mariko; ... Branch migration is the second step of genetic recombination, following the exchange of two single strands of DNA between two ... influencing the degree of which the genetic material is exchanged. Branch migration can also be seen in DNA repair and ...
Because Tay-Sachs was one of the first genetic disorders for which widespread genetic screening was possible, it is one of the ... preimplantation genetic diagnosis has been used to prevent cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia among other genetic disorders ... However, its genetic basis was still poorly understood. Although Gregor Mendel had published his article on the genetics of ... Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder that results in the destruction of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. The most ...
Genetic Testing. 8 (3): 325-7. doi:10.1089/gte.2004.8.325. PMID 15727258. Taudien S, Galgoczy P, Huse K, Reichwald K, ...
Genetic algorithms in particular became popular through the writing of John Holland. As academic interest grew, dramatic ... More recently, such selection has become a vital part of genetic engineering, with selectable markers such as antibiotic ... ISBN 0-262-58111-6. Koza, John R. (1992). Genetic Programming. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-11170-5. Jamshidi M (2003). "Tools for ... Fraser AS (1958). "Monte Carlo analyses of genetic models". Nature. 181 (4603): 208-9. doi:10.1038/181208a0. PMID 13504138. ...
genetic influence on personality. The human genome is known to play a role in the development of personality. Previously, ... One study measuring genetic influence on twins in five different countries found that the correlations for identical twins were ... Genetic polymorphism. Faber & Faber, London. Kenrick, D.T.; Sadalla, E.K.; Groth, G.; Trost, M.R. (1990). "Evolution, traits, ... It is also a question open to debate whether there are genetic influences on the tendency of the co-twins to change, without ...
... your doctor may refer you for genetic counseling. ... Genetic Counseling for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer. ... Following the genetic counseling session, you may decide you dont want genetic testing or that it is unlikely to be helpful ... How accurate is genetic testing for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer?. *What are the possible results of genetic testing ... Genetic counseling can help you and your family make informed decisions about genetic testing for BRCA1, BRCA2, and other ...
... what do Genetics Professionals do and how to find genetic professionals. Reasons for genetic counseling include planning for ... What is Genetic Counseling?. Genetic counseling gives you information about how genetic conditions might affect you or your ... Following your genetic counseling session, you might decide to have genetic testing. Genetic counseling after testing can help ... Reasons for Genetic Counseling. Based on your personal and family health history, your doctor can refer you for genetic ...
... prepared genetic data; N.C. and T.J.P. analyzed genetic data; N.C. merged linguistic data with the Ethnologue and with genetic ... Some differences between phonemic and genetic variation are also evident in Fig. 1 B-D. For example, the South American genetic ... Phonemic and genetic differentiation also occurred along similar axes, indicating that genetic and linguistic data show similar ... 4B). Despite few genetic samples, the genetic, geographic, and linguistic trees predicted roughly similar ancestral phoneme ...
What is genetic engineering?. *Genetic engineering, sometimes called genetic modification, is the process of altering the DNA ... How does genetic engineering work?. To help explain the process of genetic engineering we have taken the example of insulin, a ... What is genetic engineering? Genetic engineering refers to the direct manipulation of DNA to alter an organisms ... Genetic engineering has been used to produce a type of insulin, very similar to our own, from yeast and bacteria like E. coli. ...
Similar Discussions: Semi-synthetic organism with an expanded genetic code * Genetically Modified Organisms (Replies: 33) ... All life on Earth stores its genetic information in DNA using just four nucleotide letters: A, T, C, and G. Research published ... If I remember correctly, XNA was what they called this generalized ribose-type nucleic acid genetic theory consisting of non- ... the work presents the first step towards potentially building new life forms in the lab that have an entirely different genetic ...
S6), revealing a lack of genetic continuity across Sahul.. The strongest genetic separation within PNG appears to be that ... The genetic structure of Pacific Islanders. PLOS Genet. 4, e19 (2008). doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0040019pmid:18208337. ... Recent developments in the genetic history of East Asia and Oceania. Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 29, 9-14 (2014). doi:10.1016/j.gde ... The genetic demography of the Gainj of Papua New Guinea. 2. Determinants of effective population size. Am. Nat. 129, 165-187 ( ...
MedlinePlus related topics: Genetic Testing Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Achondroplasia ... Issues Surrounding Prenatal Genetic Testing for Achondroplasia. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Moreover, prenatal genetic testing for achondroplasia is relatively simple and is highly likely to be informative for any ... Before prenatal genetic testing for achondroplasia becomes more widely available, however, it is essential that we learn more ...
Genetic Architecture of Salinity-Induced Temporal Growth Response. Our genetic association analysis using the longitudinal ... To assess the genetic basis of plant growth in saline conditions, a logistic model was used to describe the temporal growth ... The genetic resources for salt tolerance in rice germplasm exist but are underutilized due to the difficulty in capturing the ... The genetic basis of these physiological responses is predicted to be polygenic. In an effort to address this challenge, we ...
Recombination and genetic linkage[edit]. Main articles: Chromosomal crossover and Genetic linkage ... He described several rules of genetic inheritance in his work The genetic law of the Nature (Die genetische Gesätze der Natur, ... genetic drift, genetic hitchhiking,[81] artificial selection and migration.[82] ... genetic, adj., Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. *^ Richmond, Marsha L (November 2007). "Opportunities for women in early ...
Skin Diseases, Genetic. Genetic Diseases, Inborn. Skin Diseases, Eczematous. Hypersensitivity, Immediate. Hypersensitivity. ... Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Netherton Syndrome Ichthyosis Linearis Circumflexa Piebaldism ... Be willing to have samples stored for research and genetic testing.. *For a subset of subjects participating in the cooling ... Be 2-80 years of age with a suspected genetic or congenital disorder associated with atopy or affecting an atopic pathway, as ...
... genetic) condition in which affected members of a family have high levels of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) in their blood. ... Genetic tests may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and help in the identification of other affected family members. ... Familial hypercholesterolaemia (or familial hyperlipidaemia) is an inherited (genetic) condition in which affected members of a ...
Such mutations can be regarded as introducing a load, or genetic burden, into the pool. The term genetic load was first ... it must not be forgotten that mutation is the ultimate source of all genetic variation found in natural populations and the ... one which is known to be a mutation and not merely a latent characteristic already present in the genetic material but lacking ... its effects are modified by interactions in the whole genetic system of an individual. -George G. Simpson. ...
Genetic purging is the reduction of the frequency of a deleterious allele, caused by an increased efficiency of natural ... Crnokrak, P.; Barrett, S. C. H. (2002). "Purging the genetic load: a review of the experimental evidence". Evolution. 56: 2347- ... As an example of genetic purging, consider a large population where there are recessive lethal alleles segregating at very low ... Nevertheless, in practical situations, the genetic change in fitness also depends on many other factors, besides inbreeding and ...
GMO = Genetically Modified Organism GMOs are created in a lab, by inserting a gene from one organism into another unrelated organism, producing plants and animals that would never occur in nature. No long-term safety studies have been done on humans, but animal studies link the consumption of GMOs to an increase in allergies, kidney and liver disease, ADHD, cancer,
PRNewswire/ -- announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue: Global Genetic ... Global Genetic Engineering Industry. ... The global outlook series on Genetic Engineering provides a collection of market briefs and concise summaries of research ...
... first major corporation to establish a genetics privacy policy protecting its employees from the improper use of their genetic ... If genetic data and medical histories could not be shared safely, many of the life-saving advances being pursued in medicine- ... The company pledged that employees genetic data-if such data were ever to be shared with the company-would be handled with a ... Simply stated, a persons genetic profile is as natural and as inseparable from who they are as any other physical trait or ...
This chapter introduces the first major bacterial genetic transfer process to be discovered-genetic transformation. Initially, ... This chapter introduces the first major bacterial genetic transfer process to be discovered-genetic transformation. Initially, ... Genetic Transformation Competent Cell Recipient Cell Pseudomonas Stutzeri Helper Phage These keywords were added by machine and ... Piggott, P.J., Hoch, J.A. (1985). Revised genetic linkage map of Bacillus subtilis. Microbiological Reviews 49: 158-179.Google ...
There are many reasons to seek genetic counseling. ... Genetic counseling provides support to people who have or may ... Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A genetic ... Genetic Counseling (March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation) Also in Spanish * Making Sense of Your Genes: A Guide to Genetic ... Frequently Asked Questions about Genetic Counseling (National Human Genome Research Institute) * Genetic Counseling (Centers ...
There is a sense of unease about the power of modern genetic technology, and a gut feeling that scientists are playing God. ... A lot of synthetic biology is about getting biology to be more like electrical engineering, designing genetic "logic gates" to ... But ScienceBlogger Daniel MacArthur from Genetic Future doesnt anticipate that this recent trend will catch on, and discusses ... Some scientists and policymakers suggest that genetic engineering, a modern form of crop modification, will dramatically reduce ...
Genetic Future. Category archives for bioinformatics. Why biology students should learn how to program. Posted by Daniel ... Genetic Future is moving. After a semi-hiatus due to various distractions, Im about to restart blogging in earnest again over… ... I wish Id known this when I was back in high school… Subscribe to Genetic… ...
SPLICE OF LIFE You dont have to be a genetic scientist to wrangle your own phenotype. Rayfish uses a graphical... ...
Explore the signs and symptoms, genetic cause, and inheritance pattern of various health conditions. ...
Genetic epidemiology developed initially from population genetics, specifically human quantitative genetics, with conceptual ... Genetic epidemiology, the study of how genes and environmental factors influence human traits and human health and disease. ... Approaches in genetic epidemiology. Various approaches are used in genetic epidemiology, including population-based approaches ... In addition to the broad focus on genetic disease, genetic epidemiology encompasses a variety of aspects of epidemiology, ...
Genetic Data Glut Looms. NEW YORK - The Human Genome Project has amounted to piles and piles of information so far. ... said that if the pharmaceutical companies are going to fulfill the hype and hope surrounding the genetic research and its ...
Genetic modification is the technique of altering the genetic makeup of cells or individual organisms by inserting, removing, ... Genetic Altering Down Under. SYDNEY - Australia has become the latest country to announce a scientific study into the ... Researchers will study the genetic and ecological impacts of gene flow between exotic eucalyptus tree plantations and native ...
  • Thus, although languages and genes are transmitted differently, combining linguistic and genetic analyses is a natural approach to studying human evolution ( 1 , 2 ). (
  • Genetics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes , genetic variation , and heredity in living organisms . (
  • Genetic epidemiology , the study of how genes and environmental factors influence human traits and human health and disease . (
  • In 2003, scientists Muin J. Khoury, Julian Little, and Wylie Burke coined the term human genome epidemiology to encompass a system of study that uses the methods of epidemiology to understand the influence of genomic variation in both health and disease, thereby going beyond the influence of individual genes, which remained the primary focus of genetic epidemiology. (
  • Genetic modification is the technique of altering the genetic makeup of cells or individual organisms by inserting, removing, or altering individual genes to achieve a particular result. (
  • Unprecedented progress in identifying and understanding the 50,000 to 100,000 or so genes that make up the human genome provides an opportunity for scientists to develop strategies to prevent or reduce the effects of genetic disease. (
  • The majority of diseases Americans encounter, however, do not result solely from genetic predisposition but from the interaction of genes with environmental factors, including occupation, diet, and lifestyle. (
  • But the most direct approach to obtaining genetic information is through analysis of DNA, the material that makes up genes. (
  • Thus, genetic information includes information about genes, gene products, and inherited characteristics that may derive from individuals or their family members. (
  • Genetic discrimination illustrates the danger of a misinterpretation-or oversimplification-of information suggested by some genes. (
  • Genetic tests may involve cytogenetic analyses to investigate chromosomes, molecular assays to investigate genes and DNA, or biochemical assays to investigate enzymes , hormones , or amino acids . (
  • The genetic makeup is called the genotype while the actual traits and physical makeup and expression of the genes are called phenotype. (
  • In this instance, the outcome of recombination is to ensure that each gamete includes both maternally and paternally derived genetic information, such that the resulting offspring will inherit genes from all four of its grandparents, thereby acquiring a maximum amount of genetic diversity. (
  • Genetic testing can help doctors look for missing or defective genes . (
  • Some people are carriers of genes for genetic illnesses, even though they don't show signs of the illness themselves. (
  • Thus, the genetic architecture, molecular evolution, epigenetic regulation, and accumulation of interspecific incompatibilities among genes that function in spermatogenesis may all be shaped by recurrent evolution of sex-ratio distorters and suppressors ( 5 , 14 , 18 ). (
  • This discovery is important for reducing risks of this system snipping and introducing the wrong genes and genetic changes. (
  • Several genetic variants, called single nucleotide changes (SNPs, which are single letter variations in the DNA sequence), were identified in 45 genes. (
  • As we understand genes and disease better, genetic tests will improve and treatment options will come up very quickly. (
  • Genetic engineering is a scientific development that involves the artificial manipulation of an organism's genes by using techniques such as molecular cloning and transformation in order to alter their nature and structure. (
  • Genetic engineering (GE) is when genes from plants, animals or bacteria are inserted into plants or animals in a laboratory to create new organisms that would not occur naturally. (
  • Genetic testing can reveal changes (mutations) in your genes that may cause illness or disease. (
  • If you have symptoms of a disease that may be caused by genetic changes, sometimes called mutated genes, genetic testing can reveal if you have the suspected disorder. (
  • An expanded carrier screening test can detect genes associated with a wide variety of genetic diseases and mutations and can identify if you and your partner are carriers for the same conditions. (
  • More specifically, one does not notice the negative effects of genetic engineering, which is the altering of the genes (hereditary material) or combination of them in an organism. (
  • Passed on from generations to generations, genetic disorders are an effect of faulty genes and chromosomes. (
  • Prader-Willi syndrome is a rarely occurring genetic disorder caused due to mutation of the genes on chromosome 15. (
  • Autosomal recessive genetic disorders are those that requires a pair of mutated genes to express certain diseases. (
  • Develops novel genetic technologies and model systems aimed at investigating genes and pathways to yield insight into how human genomic variants affect the pathogenesis of IBD. (
  • A linkage map (also known as a genetic map) is a table for a species or experimental population that shows the position of its known genes or genetic markers relative to each other in terms of recombination frequency, rather than a specific physical distance along each chromosome. (
  • Genetic maps help researchers to locate other markers, such as other genes by testing for genetic linkage of the already known markers. (
  • In addition to atopic dermatitis, there are also a number of genetic and congenital diseases, most presenting in childhood, that have prominent allergic manifestations, including dermatitis, or affect atopic pathways. (
  • Individuals there were reportedly being treated differently after they were found to be carriers of genetic markers that indicated heightened risk for costly diseases. (
  • One of the early proponents of genetic epidemiology, American geneticist Newton Morton, defined the field as one that addresses the etiology , distribution, and control of disease in groups of related individuals and the inherited causes of diseases in populations. (
  • The former tended to be oriented toward clinical and descriptive aspects of diseases with potential genetic involvement, while the latter carried out genetic counseling based on what was known then about the inheritance patterns of some diseases. (
  • Early practitioners of genetic epidemiology, on the other hand, often looked for associations between diseases, such as between stomach ulcers and genetic traits of blood groups . (
  • Recent advances in genetic research have made it possible to identify the genetic basis for human diseases, opening the door to individualized prevention strategies and early detection and treatment. (
  • A genetic test is typically issued only after a medical history, a physical examination, and the construction of a family pedigree documenting the genetic diseases present in the past three generations have been considered. (
  • Find out the pros and cons of being tested for genetic diseases that might run in your family. (
  • Find tips to help you prepare for a genetic counseling visit, including questions to ask a genetic counselor about the testing process for diseases that might run in your family. (
  • Many common complex diseases now have numerous, well-established risk loci and likely harbor many genetic determinants with effects too small to be detected at genome-wide levels of statistical significance. (
  • Here, we describe some common methods and software packages for calculating genetic risk scores and polygenic risk scores, with focus on studies of common complex diseases. (
  • The authors and editors of Genetic Diseases of the Eye have tried to present the subject matter in a comprehensive, yet practical manner. (
  • Elias I. Traboulsi, M.D,, is Head of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and Director of the Center for Genetic Eye Diseases at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. (
  • According to Genetic Testing Laboratories, her risks for these diseases were at 2% and 2.2% respectively. (
  • It can enhance positive traits, like increasing longevity and it can suppress negative traits, like preventing a child from developing certain genetic diseases in later life. (
  • The reason it's useful for genetic research is that dogs are neatly divided into breeds, each of which is plagued by specific diseases. (
  • Causation of human diseasesGenetic Inborn errors of metabolism. (
  • The Center conducts a Jewish genetic disease screening program, which provides expert screening and genetic counseling to individuals at risk for being carriers of these diseases. (
  • Genetic testing plays a vital role in determining the risk of developing certain diseases as well as screening and sometimes medical treatment. (
  • Genetic diseases are present throughout the life of an individual, some of which appear very early in life. (
  • Some of these rare genetic skin diseases are covered in the following article. (
  • A new method of forensic DNA analysis has created an unexpected headache for scientists investigating the genetic roots of common diseases. (
  • Scientists around the world are working to generate a targeted knockout mutation for every gene in the mouse genome through the Knockout Mouse Project (KOMP) which is providing critical tools for understanding gene function and the genetic causes of human diseases. (
  • Handled with care, the new "HapMap" of genetic variation could reveal the genetic roots of many diseases. (
  • Many of these genetic variants (i.e., genotypes) were discovered after observing adverse reactions (i.e., phenotypes) after administering common doses of drugs to patients. (
  • Further studies will be needed to test how common these genetic variants are in larger, more diverse populations. (
  • At its most basic, the idea is that a group of individuals with a shared phenotype should also share some genetic variants in common that are causally related to the trait in question. (
  • Unfortunately, there are other reasons that individuals who share a trait, such as cardiovascular disease or epilepsy, might share genetic variants in common. (
  • This complex testing can help identify genetic variants that may relate to your health. (
  • The Genetic Animal Models Core provides emerging genetic technology and model systems that enable transformative investigation into the impact of human genetic variants associated with IBD, including infantile and early-onset IBD. (
  • The Core provides services for investigations of in vivo function of IBD-associated genetic variants with the goals of identifying relevant pathways, defining microbiome-host interactions, gaining insight into systems that control intestinal inflammation, and understanding mechanisms of recovery from epithelial injury. (
  • These results, which are among the first that link molecular genetic variants to delinquency, significantly expand our understanding of delinquent and violent behavior, and they highlight the need to simultaneously consider their social and genetic origins," the researchers said. (
  • Craig's method uses sophisticated algorithms to analyse between 10,000 and 50,000 genetic variants called single-nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPs. (
  • If you have a personal or family health history of breast or ovarian cancer that indicates that you could have a BRCA1, BRCA2 , or other inherited mutation, your doctor may refer you for genetic counseling. (
  • it must not be forgotten that mutation is the ultimate source of all genetic variation found in natural populations and the only new material available for natural selection to work on. (
  • As a matter of fact, the phenomenon of a truly beneficial mutation, one which is known to be a mutation and not merely a latent characteristic already present in the genetic material but lacking previous opportunity for expression, and one which is permanently beneficial in the natural environment, has yet to be documented. (
  • Genetic programming is based on the Darwinian principle of reproduction and survival of the fittest and analogs of naturally occurring genetic operations such as crossover (sexual recombination) and mutation. (
  • Called a frameshift mutation, an insertion or deletion can affect every codon in a particular genetic sequence by throwing the entire three by three codon structure out of whack. (
  • A true reversion mutation occurs when there is a second mutation that restores the natural sequence of the genetic code. (
  • However, it was not until the late 1960s that bacterial geneticists recognized the important role of insertion sequence elements as a major source of mutation in bacteria and their more general role as agents of genetic change. (
  • Women who have had repeated in vitro fertilization failures may undergo preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). (
  • Research on the feasibility of preimplantation genetic diagnosis began in the 1980s as a result of pressure from patients. (
  • Also called preimplantation genetic diagnosis, this test may be used when you attempt to conceive a child through in vitro fertilization. (
  • Researchers will study the genetic and ecological impacts of gene flow between exotic eucalyptus tree plantations and native populations. (
  • Genetic tests can identify a particular problem gene. (
  • A recent study in PNAS has identified a gene required for sex-ratio distortion in Drosophila simulans ( 6 ), providing novel insight into the genetic and molecular mechanisms used by these selfish elements and their effects on genome evolution and species formation. (
  • Two major contributions to this new genome understanding are the technical development of DNA sequencing / annotation procedures and the discovery of mobile genetic elements that have shaped genome structures and affected gene expression in important ways. (
  • Transposable genetic elements are specific gene sequences that can move or be copied from one site to another within a genome. (
  • From the genetic altering of food, to the gene therapy in cloning performed in labs around the world, genetic engineering does have an impact on our daily lives, and most people are not aware. (
  • Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that is caused by an altered gene on the X chromosome. (
  • A genetic map is not a physical map (such as a radiation reduced hybrid map) or gene map. (
  • Parametric linkage analysis is the traditional approach, whereby the probability that a gene important for a disease is linked to a genetic marker is studied through the LOD score, which assesses the probability that a given pedigree, where the disease and the marker are cosegregating, is due to the existence of linkage (with a given linkage value) or to chance. (
  • Worldwide patterns of genetic variation are driven by human demographic history. (
  • The regional geographic axes of greatest phonemic differentiation correspond to axes of genetic differentiation, suggesting that there is a relationship between human dispersal and linguistic variation. (
  • however, their comparison of linguistic and genetic variation was not quantitative. (
  • Efforts to map the human genome with greater specificity, as well as efforts in pharmacogenomics, rely upon comparisons of the patterns of genetic variation in large numbers of people. (
  • Finally, a gap typically exists between knowledge of the discovery of a causal relationship attributable to a particular genetic variation and knowledge of a treatment for the condition at issue. (
  • Snips or SNPs (Single nucleotide polymorphisms) - These are the most common type of genetic variation among people. (
  • Genome-wide variation data with millions of genetic markers have become commonplace. (
  • Genetic algorithms can search complex hypotheses spaces based on overall quality metrics, such as decision tree size and accuracy. (
  • For example, people may be denied jobs or benefits because they possess particular genetic traits--even if that trait has no bearing on their ability to do the job. (
  • In addition, since some genetic traits are found more frequently in specific racial or ethnic groups, such discrimination could disproportionately affect these groups. (
  • John Holland's pioneering Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems (1975) described how an analog of the evolutionary process can be applied to solving mathematical problems and engineering optimization problems using what is now called the genetic algorithm (GA). The genetic algorithm attempts to find a good (or best) solution to the problem by genetically breeding a population of individuals over a series of generations. (
  • This example shows how to use a hybrid scheme to optimize a function using the Genetic Algorithm and another optimization method. (
  • Knowledge of the genetic influence on the molecular mechanisms and pathways that may cause psoriasis is useful in the prevention and treatment of the condition, particularly in the identification of potential drug targets. (
  • Some claim that genetic drift has played a major role in evolution (particularly molecular evolution), while others claim it to be minor. (
  • All services are provided by board-certified genetic counselors and clinical and molecular geneticists. (
  • The cluster investigators are interested in two broad basic science questions: what are the molecular mechanisms that lead to genetic transposition and how do transposable elements impact an organism's life style. (
  • That definition later was broadened to include the role of the environment , owing to the realization that genetic factors frequently interact with environmental factors to influence disease in human populations. (
  • Historically, the field of genetic epidemiology has roots in the areas of medicine concerning the causes and heredity of disease. (
  • Consequently, genetic tests alone cannot predict with certainty whether a person with a particular genetic error will in fact develop a disease. (
  • For example, genetic testing for hemochromatosis, (1) glaucoma, and some cancers can alert the individual to begin preventive measures before the disease causes harm. (
  • There is a very rare form of hemophilia called acquired hemophilia, which means that the disease is not genetic but develops later in life. (
  • Chemical, radiological, histopathologic, and electrodiagnostic procedures can diagnose basic defects in patients suspected of genetic disease. (
  • 5. Many options are available to individuals and couples at risk for a genetic disease in the family including, but not limited to: carrier screening, adoption, egg/sperm donation, and prenatal testing. (
  • Newspapers report today that researchers have recreated a genetic disease in a laboratory. (
  • Genetic Testing Laboratories charged $285 for judging 24 disease risks, and Pathway Genomics charged $399 for 24 disease risks. (
  • The genetic narrative behind Alzheimer's disease may need to be adjusted, according to a new study. (
  • These data have led researchers to agree, by and large, that ApoE4 is the main genetic culprit behind Alzheimer's disease. (
  • Arpawong summarizes the findings, saying, "Typically, ApoE4 has been considered the strongest known genetic risk factor for cognitive decline, memory decline, Alzheimer's disease, or dementia-related onset. (
  • For example, if you're a healthy person, a positive result from genetic testing doesn't always mean you will develop a disease. (
  • For example, genetic testing may be used to confirm a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis or Huntington's disease. (
  • If you have a particular health condition or disease, this type of genetic testing may help determine what medication and dosage will be most effective and beneficial for you. (
  • However in this article, you can find a few genetic disease examples. (
  • What is a genetic disease? (
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia is a degenerative genetic disease. (
  • Tests on thousands of men with and without the disease found a genetic fingerprint that appears highly associated with the disease. (
  • The marker, where a portion of the genetic code containing a number of segments repeat themselves, could help find a cure for the disease. (
  • Although a genetic link to the disease has long been suspected, proving it has been difficult. (
  • The problem for these studies is that someone armed with an individual's SNP profile - or that of a close relative - could use Craig's new statistical method to determine whether that individual had participated in a genetic study, and whether they were in the group diagnosed with the disease, by analysing information on overall frequencies of each SNP in the case and control groups. (
  • Although genetic testing raises privacy concerns in some quarters, Wojcicki and Brin have made no secret of the fact that the son they are expecting in November has an elevated risk of Parkinson's disease, as does Brin, according to testing by 23andMe. (
  • Thus, the large component of the genome dedicated to spermatogenesis is also a major source of rapid evolution and genetic novelty, especially on the X chromosome. (
  • They selected one of these families (referred to as PKST72) and extensively analysed the genetic sequence in the area of chromosome 12 for this family. (
  • His team first searched for any genetic deletions - chunks of DNA that are missing from a chromosome - that were more common in this group than in the general population. (
  • Now scientists have pinned down one variant of this piece of the genome on Chromosome 8, one of the strings of DNA in which the genetic code is written, is linked to 8 per cent of prostate cancers in Europeans and 16 per cent in people of African descent. (
  • Down syndrome is a common genetic condition that is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. (
  • Genetic linkage is the tendency of DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction. (
  • The genetic material of C. elegans can easily be genetically modified to make the worm produce specific proteins the researchers want to study. (
  • The researchers explain that, as stuttering tends to run in families, they decided to look for the responsible genetic component in one such family. (
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Comprehensive lifestyle changes including a better diet and more exercise can lead not only to a better physique, but also to swift and dramatic changes at the genetic level, U.S. researchers said on Monday. (
  • A team of researchers from the NIAID, together with scientists from other institutions, set out to analyze genetic sequences in people with severe eczema. (
  • The researchers studied how these abilities change over time, together with genetic markers. (
  • We present, to our knowledge, a new approach to capture the dynamic plant responses to its environment and elucidate the genetic basis of these responses using a longitudinal genome-wide association model. (
  • Genetic discrimination is the term commonly assigned to actions taken against or negative attitudes toward a person based on that person's possession of variations in the genome, or variations in the genome of his or her biological relatives. (
  • The details of one's genome are typically available through genetic tests (Burke). (
  • Scientists on Monday said they have sequenced the genome of the pineapple, learning about the genetic underpinning of the plant's drought tolerance and special form of photosynthesis, the process plants use to convert light into chemical energy. (
  • The reason we targeted the dog genome for decoding is that it's useful for genetic research. (
  • When genetic testing doesn't lead to a diagnosis but a genetic cause is still suspected, some facilities offer genome sequencing - a process for analyzing a sample of DNA taken from your blood. (
  • Our research teams explore the basic science questions of how mobile genetic elements accomplish their movement and how that movement affects genome evolution. (
  • The human genome is the complete set o f human genetic information. (
  • The SNP technique is unlikely to replace conventional forensic DNA analysis, which identifies individuals using just 13 different, highly variable genetic markers. (
  • Two genetic markers that are physically near to each other are unlikely to be separated onto different chromatids during chromosomal crossover, and are therefore said to be more linked than markers that are far apart. (
  • Genetic engineering has a number of useful applications, including scientific research, agriculture and technology. (
  • All life on Earth stores its genetic information in DNA using just four nucleotide letters: A, T, C, and G. Research published this week in the journal Nature describes how scientists engineered a bacterium to incorporate two new letters into their DNA (which they call X and Y, pictured below), and read those letters to introduce new amino acids into proteins. (
  • The global outlook series on Genetic Engineering provides a collection of market briefs and concise summaries of research findings. (
  • Jeffrey Augen, director of solution development in the life sciences department at IBM, said that if the pharmaceutical companies are going to fulfill the hype and hope surrounding the genetic research and its promise to deliver new and personalized drugs, a solution needs to be forthcoming. (
  • Nevertheless, fears of genetic discrimination by employers and insurance companies continue to influence decisions regarding submission to genetic testing and participation in certain forms of genetic research. (
  • The use of genetic information by insurers figures prominently in assessments of public attitudes and fears about genetic research and medicine. (
  • In India, ICRISAT's PQU, in collaboration with the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine Storage (DPPQS), plays an important role in minimizing such risks. (
  • This research explores the use of genetic algorithms to directly evolve decision trees. (
  • While there is yet no cure for the condition and its causes are not fully understood, new research has uncovered some of its genetic underpinnings, bringing us closer to discovering novel therapies. (
  • There has been a considerable amount of research into the genetic engineering of crops such as potatoes, tomatoes, soybean and rice, with the aim of obtaining new strains that have better nutritional qualities and better yields. (
  • It also impacts on sugar consumption, which is due, in part, to genetic factors, reveals new research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (
  • Transposable element research originated in the 1940s with the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock on what she called "controlling" genetic elements in maize. (
  • The Mobile Genetic Element Cluster at the MBL includes investigators who have established international reputations in transposable element research and together share a vision of this exciting field. (
  • Genetic Resource Science initiates and develops resource-generating research. (
  • On a global scale, both genetic distance and phonemic distance between populations are significantly correlated with geographic distance. (
  • Furthermore, although geographically isolated populations lose genetic diversity via genetic drift, phonemes are not subject to drift in the same way: within a given geographic radius, languages that are relatively isolated exhibit more variance in number of phonemes than languages with many neighbors. (
  • In one particular area of study, variations in DNA sequences (i.e., genetic polymorphisms) explain some of the variability in drug-metabolizing enzyme activities which contribute to alterations in drug clearance and impact patients' response to drug therapy. (
  • 5. Within FAO, the mandate of the Commission on Plant Genetic Resources was broadened in 1995, by including AnGR. (
  • However, genetic differentiation between groups in Papua New Guinea is much stronger than in comparable regions in Eurasia, demonstrating that such a transition does not necessarily limit the genetic and linguistic diversity of human societies. (
  • This genetic diversity has also been saved for posterity in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault also known as the 'doomsday vault', in Norway. (
  • Genetic engineering can hamper diversity in human beings. (
  • She had done tests on her DNA from three labs: 23andMe, Genetic Testing Laboratories and Pathway Genomics. (
  • 23andMe, the genetic testing startup backed by Google Ventures and Facebook billionaire Yuri Milner, will stop offering test results related to customer's health in order to comply with a warning letter sent by the Food and Drug Administration on November 22. (
  • We remain firmly committed to fulfilling our long-term mission to help people everywhere have access to their own genetic data and have the ability to use that information to improve their lives," said Anne Wojcicki, co-founder and CEO of 23andMe in a prepared statement. (
  • year-old biologist "We're really focusing on the democratization of genetic information,'' said 23andMe co-founder Anne Wojcicki. (
  • Leading the list is the new genetic testing service, 23andMe, co-founded by Anne Wojcicki , a 35-year-old biologist who is married to Google co-founder Sergey Brin. (
  • Grossman said the potential for popularizing genetic testing made 23andMe the year's top innovation. (
  • A medical geneticist will also be able to review the family history, perform a physical exam on your cousin, and discuss the benefits and limitations of any appropriate genetic tests. (
  • To help explain the process of genetic engineering we have taken the example of insulin, a protein that helps regulate the sugar levels in our blood. (
  • (3) In addition, because an individual s genetic information has implications for his or her family members and future generations, misuse of genetic information could have intergenerational effects that are far broader than any individual incident of misuse. (
  • Over many generations genetic codes of organisms can change significantly, resulting in the phenomenon of evolution. (
  • Where effective means of early detection and treatment have been established, knowledge of genetic alterations can help a person prevent or reduce the likelihood of illness, and in some instances actually reduce health care costs. (
  • A component of stigmatization, genetic discrimination differentiates social treatment based on assumptions about the value of information suggested by a particular genetic configuration in predicting present and future health status (Condit, Parrott, and O'Grady). (
  • Retrieved on January 23, 2020 from (
  • Genetic Alliance improves health through the authentic engagement of communities and individuals. (
  • Genetic engineering in our food and environment is unnecessary, unpredictable and poses serious threats to ecosystems and risks to our health. (
  • Our genetic counselors talk with families about the ways their family health history and ethnic background may affect their health risks. (
  • In it, I am critical of the Union of Concerned Scientists (a science advocacy and policy organization), for what I read as misplaced opposition to genetic engineering: The UCS's concern about the dire state of our food system is well-founded, and I applaud their efforts to get out in front of the policy debate. (
  • The company is working on a product called 'DiscoveryLink' - a virtual database that will allow scientists to mine information from different types of files, from graphic to database to text, to find genetic or protein information. (
  • For example, scientists recently reported the discovery of a genetic alteration that, in early studies, appears to double a person s risk of colon cancer. (
  • The Times said that scientists created stem cells and nerve cells with characteristics of spinal muscular atrophy using skin cells from a child with the most severe form of the genetic condition. (
  • A major genetic risk factor for prostate cancer has been discovered by scientists. (
  • Thus, these bacteria are now capable of containing extra information in their DNA and translating that information into an expanded genetic code that can encode more than the 20 amino acids typically made by life on Earth. (
  • They can use this information to determine how likely it is that you or your family member has a genetic condition. (
  • Familial hypercholesterolaemia (or familial hyperlipidaemia) is an inherited (genetic) condition in which affected members of a family have high levels of LDL cholesterol, the so-called 'bad' cholesterol, in their blood. (
  • A 1996 survey of individuals at risk of developing a genetic condition and parents of children with specific genetic conditions identified more than 200 cases of genetic discrimination among the 917 people who responded. (
  • I personally do not feel as if I would be able to terminate a pregnancy if any of our future children were to have this severe genetic condition. (
  • We can also connect you with resources to help you manage a genetic condition. (
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic condition that affects the way the body makes secretions, like mucus and sweat. (
  • Genetic processes work in combination with an organism's environment and experiences to influence development and behavior , often referred to as nature versus nurture . (
  • The terms describe the phenomenon through which the importance of genetic factors is emphasized at the relative expense of environmental and social factors. (
  • This means that for 95% of the subjects, their stuttering was related to other genetic, environmental or social factors. (
  • Frank suggested that genetic factors involved in influencing motivational processes in the brain could someday help predict which patients would be negatively affected by particular medications. (
  • IBM and the National Geographic Society embarked on a project to gather the world's largest collection of human genetic samples in an effort to map human migratory history, and IBMers were encouraged to participate. (
  • The FAO and its inter-governmental Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA), which has 161 members and is the major international forum for developing policies on genetic resources for food and agriculture, has requested the preparation, through a country-driven process, of the first Report on the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture . (
  • Dogs are the world's longest self-serving, ecologically reckless genetic experiment, perpetrated by the world's first genetically engineering species: us. (