The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
A species of POLYOMAVIRUS, originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The patient's initials J.C. gave the virus its name. Infection is not accompanied by any apparent illness but serious demyelinating disease can appear later, probably following reactivation of latent virus.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain COUMARINS.
Allelic variants of the immunoglobulin light chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) or heavy chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS) encoded by ALLELES of IMMUNOGLOBULIN GENES.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with delayed onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
The removal of a circular disk of the cranium.
Potential cavity which separates the ARACHNOID MATER from the DURA MATER.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with acute onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Leakage and accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID in the subdural space which may be associated with an infectious process; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION; and other conditions.
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
Auditory and visual instructional materials.
The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
Either of a pair of bones that form the prominent part of the CHEEK and contribute to the ORBIT on each side of the SKULL.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
A species of BORDETELLA that is parasitic and pathogenic. It is found in the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalian animals and can be transmitted from animals to man. It is a common cause of bronchopneumonia in lower animals.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that is frequently isolated from clinical specimens. Its most common site of infection is the urinary tract.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.

Traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery--case report. (1/13)

A 20-year-old male presented with traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage after being involved in a fight. Antemortem clinical examinations could not exclude the possibility of rupture of abnormal blood vessels because of the absence of external injuries. Careful postmortem examination of the head and neck regions and histological examination of the intracranial arteries demonstrated traumatic rupture of the left posterior inferior cerebellar artery due to a fist blow to the jaw. This case indicates the need for careful autopsy examination for the differentiation of traumatic and non-traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhages.  (+info)

Treatment-related outcomes from blunt cerebrovascular injuries: importance of routine follow-up arteriography. (2/13)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of routine follow-up arteriography on the management and outcome of patients with acute blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: During the past 5 years there has been increasing recognition of BCVI, but the management of these lesions remains controversial. The authors previously proposed a grading system for BCVI, with grade-specific management guidelines. The authors have noted that a significant number of injuries evolve within 7 to 10 days, warranting alterations in therapy. METHODS: A prospective database of a regional trauma center's experience with BCVI has been maintained since 1990. A policy of arteriographic screening for BCVI based on injury mechanism (e.g., cervical hyperextension) and injury patterns (e.g., cervical and facial fractures) was instituted in 1996. A grading system was devised to develop management protocols: I = intimal irregularity; II = dissection/flap/thrombus; III = pseudoaneurysm; IV = occlusion; V = transection. RESULTS: From June 1990 to October 2001, 171 patients (115 male, age 36 +/- 1 years) were diagnosed with BCVI. Mean injury severity score was 28 +/- 1; associated injuries included brain (57%), spine (44%), chest (43%), and face (34%). Mechanism was motor vehicle crash in 50%, fall in 11%, pedestrian struck in 11%, and other in 29%. One hundred fourteen patients had 157 carotid artery injuries (43 bilateral), and 79 patients had 97 vertebral artery injuries (18 bilateral). The breakdown of injury grades was 137 grade I, 52 grade II, 32 grade III, 25 grade IV, and 8 grade V. One hundred fourteen (73%) carotid and 65 (67%) vertebral arteries were restudied with arteriography 7 to 10 days after the injury. Eight-two percent of grade IV and 93% of grade III injuries were unchanged. However, grade I and II lesions changed frequently. Fifty-seven percent of grade I and 8% of grade II injuries healed, allowing cessation of therapy, whereas 8% of grade I and 43% of grade II lesions progressed to pseudoaneurysm formation, prompting interventional treatment. There was no significant difference in healing or in progression of injuries whether treated with heparin or antiplatelet therapy or untreated. However, heparin may improve the neurologic outcome in patients with ischemic deficits and may prevent stroke in asymptomatic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Routine follow-up arteriography is warranted in patients with grade I and II BCVIs because most of these patients (61% in this series) will require a change in management. A prospective randomized trial will be necessary to identify the optimal treatment of BCVI.  (+info)

Periprocedural morbidity and mortality associated with endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. (3/13)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite experience and technological improvements, endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms still has inherent risks. We evaluated cerebral complications associated with this treatment. METHODS: From October 1998 to October 2002, 180 consecutive patients underwent 131 procedures for 118 ruptured aneurysms and 79 procedures for 72 unruptured aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed their records and images to evaluate their morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: Thirty-seven (17.6%) procedure-related complications occurred: 27 and six with initial embolization of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms, respectively, and four with re-treatment. Complications included 22 cerebral thromboembolisms, nine intraprocedural aneurysm perforations, two coil migrations, two parent vessel injuries, one postprocedural aneurysm rupture, and one cranial nerve palsy. Fourteen complications had no neurologic consequence. Three caused transient neurologic morbidity; 10, persistent neurologic morbidity; and 10, death. Procedure-related neurologic morbidity and mortality rates, respectively, were as follows: overall, 4.8% and 4.8%; ruptured aneurysms, 5.9% and 7.6%; unruptured aneurysms, 1.4% and 1.4%; and re-treated aneurysms, 10% and 0%. Combined procedure-related morbidity and mortality rates for ruptured, unruptured, and re-treated aneurysms were 13.5%, 2.8%, and 10%, respectively. Nonprocedural complications attributable to subarachnoid hemorrhage in 118 patients with ruptured aneurysm were early rebleeding before coil placement (0.9%), symptomatic vasospasm (5.9%), and shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (5.9%); mortality from complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage itself was 11.9%. CONCLUSION: Procedural morbidity and mortality rates were highest in ruptured aneurysms and lowest in unruptured aneurysms. Morbidity rates were highest in re-treated aneurysms and lowest in unruptured aneurysms. No procedural mortality occurred with re-treated aneurysms. The main cause of morbidity and mortality was thromboembolism.  (+info)

Reperfusion activates metalloproteinases that contribute to neurovascular injury. (4/13)

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Influence of early antioxidant supplements on clinical evolution and organ function in critically ill cardiac surgery, major trauma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. (5/13)

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Association of MRI markers of vascular brain injury with incident stroke, mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and mortality: the Framingham Offspring Study. (6/13)

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Chronic systemic infection exacerbates ischemic brain damage via a CCL5 (regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted)-mediated proinflammatory response in mice. (7/13)

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National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association guidelines for the neuropathologic assessment of Alzheimer's disease: a practical approach. (8/13)

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In the absence of external stimuli or task demands, correlations in spontaneous brain activity (functional connectivity) reflect patterns of anatomical connectivity. Hence, resting-state functional connectivity has been used as a proxy measure for structural connectivity and as a biomarker for brain changes in disease. To relate changes in functional connectivity to physiological changes in the brain, it is important to understand how correlations in functional connectivity depend on the physical integrity of brain tissue. The causal nature of this relationship has been called into question by patient data suggesting that decreased structural connectivity does not necessarily lead to decreased functional connectivity. Here we provide evidence for a causal but complex relationship between structural connectivity and functional connectivity: we tested interhemispheric functional connectivity before and after corpus callosum section in rhesus monkeys. We found that forebrain commissurotomy severely reduced
СЛУЧАЙ ТРАВМАТИЧЕСКОГО БАЗАЛЬНОГО СУБАРАХНОИДАЛЬНОГО КРОВОИЗЛИЯНИЯ ПРИ ТРАВМЕ ШЕИ
Vascular brain injury from conditions such as high blood pressure and stroke are greater risk factors for cognitive impairment among non-demented older people than is the deposition of the amyloid plaques in the brain that long have been implicated in conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, a study by researchers at the Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center at UC Davis has found.  
Cerebrovascular trauma, also known as blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury to the carotid and/or vertebral artery that may cause stroke in trauma patients. Discover the latest research on cerebrovascular trauma here. ...
Background: Huntingtons disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that results in deterioration and atrophy of various brain regions.. Aim: To assess the functional connectivity between prefrontal brain regions in patients with Huntingtons disease, compared with normal controls, using functional magnetic resonance imaging.. Patients and methods: 20 patients with Huntingtons disease and 17 matched controls performed a Simon task that is known to activate lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortical regions. The functional connectivity was hypothesised to be impaired in patients with Huntingtons disease between prefrontal regions of interest, selected from both hemispheres, in the anterior cingulate and dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex.. Results: Controls showed a dynamic increase in interhemispheric functional connectivity during task performance, compared with the baseline state; patients with Huntingtons disease, however, showed no such increase in prefrontal connectivity. ...
In the attention network, disruption of interhemispheric FC was significantly correlated with abnormal detection of visual stimuli (Pearson r with field effect = −0.624, p = 0.002). In the somatomotor network, disruption of interhemispheric FC was significantly correlated with upper extremity impairment (Pearson r with contralesional Action Research Arm Test = 0.527, p = 0.036). In contrast, intrahemispheric FC within the normal or damaged hemispheres was not correlated with performance in either network. Quantitative lesion analysis demonstrated that our results could not be explained by structural damage alone. ...
CASE SUMMARY A 29-year-old man presented with a three-week history of slurred speech, poor coordination, and imbalance while walking. He did not have a famil...
To better detect blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) in patients admitted to hospital emergency departments after experiencing high-energy trauma, computed...
When it comes to vascular brain injury, the dementia field has been mired in uncertainty. What is it, exactly? How can scientists measure and treat it? How does it relate to Alzheimers pathology or contribute to cognitive decline? Answers to these old questions are still lacking, but two recent studies published online February 11 and 18 in JAMA Neurology suggest that vascular damage and amyloid plaques occur independently in early stages of AD. William Jagust, University of California, Berkeley, and colleagues find that the pathologies are separate, and that only vascular injury tracks with cognitive decline. Likewise, scientists led by Adam Brickman, Columbia University, New York, report that white matter hyperintensities and amyloid are independent risk factors for Alzheimers disease (AD). These findings add to a growing body of literature suggesting that vascular causes of decline are distinct from amyloid pathology, and that they deserve their own spot at the dementia table.. Vascular ...
The present study confirms our earlier findings that, despite standard secondary prevention treatment, brain damage had progressed in more than 20% of the stroke patients after 2 years.1 We found that patients with ischaemic lesion progression performed worse than those without. However, ischaemic lesion progression was not related to decline in cognitive performance over time.. Thus, we found no evidence to support our hypothesis that progressive vascular brain damage is related to a decline in cognitive performance following first ever stroke. Meyer et al found that patients with VaD whose cognitive performance decreased over time, more often had recurrent infarcts and changes in cerebral perfusion than those whose cognitive performance remained stable.7 In general, patients with VaD show a decline in cognitive functioning10,27-29 whereas stroke patients with mild cognitive deficits show a substantial improvement in cognitive functioning with time.27,28,30-34 It was unknown whether the course ...
Beginning in midlife, heart disease leads to subtle blood-flow problems in the brain that develop insidiously, gradually damaging neurons and contributing to cognitive decline. Knowledge of clinically silent blood-flow problems in the brain has led to the “healthy heart, healthy mind” hypothesis that preventing or treating heart disease also may help prevent age-associated cognitive decline.
In clinical practice, dentists are faced with the dilemma of whether to treat, maintain, or extract a tooth. Of primary importance are the patient s desires and the restorability and periodontal condition of the tooth/teeth in question. Too often, clinicians extract teeth when endodontic therapy, crown-lengthening surgery, forced orthodontic eruption, or regenerative therapy can be used with predictable results. In addition, many clinicians do not consider the use of questionable teeth as provisional or transitional abutments. The aim of this article is to present a novel decision tree approach that will address the clinical deductive reasoning, based on the scientific literature and exemplified by selective case presentations, that may help clinicians make the right decision. Innovative decision tree algorithms will be proposed that consider endodontic, restorative, and periodontal assessments to improve and possibly eliminate erroneous decision making. Decision-based algorithms are dynamic and ...
Cerebrovascular trauma, also known as blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury to the carotid and/or vertebral artery that may cause stroke in trauma patients. Discover the latest research on cerebrovascular trauma here. ...
Blunt carotid and vertebral artery injury, collectively termed blunt cerebrovascular injury, are rare but potentially devastating events. In the past, blunt carotid injury was associated with mortality rates ranging from 23 to 28 percent, with 48 to
A novel decision making for intelligent agent using quantum-inspired approach is proposed. A formal, generalized solution to the problem is given. Mathematically, the proposed model is capable of modeling higher dimensional decision problems than previous researches. Four experiments are conducted, and both empirical experiments results and proposed models experiment results are given for each experiment. Experiments showed that the results of proposed model agree with empirical results perfectly. The proposed model provides a new direction for researcher to resolve cognitive basis in designing intelligent agent.
Toxic leukoencephalopathy or toxic spongiform leukoencephalopathy is a rare condition that is characterized by progressive damage (-pathy) to white matter (-leuko-) in the brain (-encephalo-), particularly myelin, due to causes such as exposure to drugs of abuse, environmental toxins, or chemotherapeutic drugs. The prevalence of this disease is infrequent and often goes unreported, especially in cases resulting from drug abuse. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a popular method to study and diagnose the disease. However, even with technological advances, the exact mechanism and underlying pathophysiology of toxic leukoencephalopathy remains unknown and is thought to vary between sources of toxicity. The clinical severity of toxic leukoencephalopathy also varies among patients, exposure time, and concentration and purity of the toxic agent. Some reversibility of the condition has been seen in many cases when the toxic agent is removed. Various pharmacological agents have been known to cause ...
A novel decision aid to assist patients and physicians with shared decision-making (SDM) in the setting of symptomatic aortic stenosis was linked to improved patient knowledge and satisfaction in a new pilot study, but the physicians using it werent particularly enamored with the formalized tool.. Interventional cardiologists and surgeons on the structural heart team didnt believe that the quality of their clinical encounters with patients was improving and felt that patients had a poor grasp of the decision aid, say investigators. As a result, clinicians attitudes towards SDM and decision aids underwent little transformation, and implementation is unlikely, Megan Coylewright, MD, MPH (Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH), and colleagues write in their paper published January 29, 2020, in JAMA Cardiology. This is a critical finding, challenging the simplistic framing that once fully developed tools are available, sustained use of a decision aid will occur, leading to ...
The Australian Academy of Science has recognised University of Queensland environmental researcher Professor Kerrie Wilson at its annual Science at the Shine Dome event in Canberra.. Professor Wilson, who is an ARC Future Fellow at UQ and Director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, has been awarded the 2017 Nancy Millis Medal for Women in Science.. The Academys citation stated that she had made significant discoveries in the environmental sciences that resulted in more effective conservation practices.. Professor Wilson identified how significant funds for conservation can be saved, and investments could be more equitable, through incorporating socio-economic principles into setting priorities for conservation investments, the citation said.. This has resulted in new theory and novel decision support tools to inform how limited conservation funds should be allocated to achieve multiple objectives, further enhancing the legacy and impact of ...
The microvasculature (MV) of brains with Alzheimers disease neuropathologic change (ADNC) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), in the absence of concurrent pathologies (e.g., infarctions, Lewy bodies), is incompletely understood. To analyze microvascular density, diameter and extracellular matrix (ECM) content in association with ADNC and CAA. We examined samples of cerebral cortex and isolated brain microvasculature (MV) from subjects with the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimers Association (NIA-AA) designations of not-, intermediate-, or high ADNC and from subjects with no CAA and moderate-severe CAA. Cases for all groups were selected with no major (territorial) strokes, ≤ 1 microinfarct in screening sections, and no Lewy body pathology. MV density and diameter were measured from cortical brain sections. Levels of basement membrane (BM) ECM components, the protein product of TNF-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6), and the ubiquitous glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) were assayed by western blots or
The clinical diagnosis of vascular dementia (VaD) is based on imaging criteria, and specific biochemical markers are not available. Here, we investigated the potential of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipocalin 2 (LCN2), a secreted glycoprotein that has been suggested as mediating neuronal damage in vascular brain injuries. The study included four independent cohorts with a total n = 472 samples. LCN2 was significantly elevated in VaD compared to controls, Alzheimers disease (AD), other neurodegenerative dementias, and cognitively unimpaired patients with cerebrovascular disease. LCN2 discriminated VaD from AD without coexisting VaD with high accuracy. The main findings were consistent over all cohorts. Neuropathology disclosed a high percentage of macrophages linked to subacute infarcts, reactive astrocytes, and damaged blood vessels in multi-infarct dementia when compared to AD. We conclude that CSF LCN2 is a promising candidate biochemical marker in the differential diagnosis of VaD and ...
The pathophysiology of extracranial traumatic aneurysm formation has not been fully elucidated. Intraarterial optical coherence tomography (OCT), an imaging modality capable of micrometer cross-sectional resolution, was used to evaluate patients presenting with saccular traumatic aneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Two consecutive trauma patients diagnosed with saccular traumatic aneurysms of the cervical ICA, per the institutional screening protocol for traumatic cerebrovascular injury, underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) with OCT. Optical coherence tomography demonstrated disruption of the intima with preservation and stretching of the more peripheral layers. In 1 patient the traumatic aneurysm was associated with thrombus formation and a separate, more proximal dissection not visible on CT angiography (CTA) or DSA. Imaging with OCT indicates that saccular traumatic aneurysms may develop from disruption of the intima with at least partial preservation of the media and ...
Harrison, Paula A.; Dunford-Brown, Rob.; Barton, David N.; Kelemen, Eszter; Martín-López, Berta; Norton, Lisa; Termansen, Mette; Saarikoski, Heli; Hendriks, Kees; Gómez-Baggethun, Erik; Czúcz, Bálint; García-Llorente, Marina; Howard, David; Jacobs, Sander; Karlsen, Martin; Kopperoinen, Leena; Madsen, Andes; Rusch, Graciela; van Eupen, Michiel; Verweij, Peter; Smith, Ron; Tuomasjukka, Diana; Zulian, Grazia. 2017 Selecting methods for ecosystem service assessment: a decision tree approach. Ecosystem Services. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.09.016 Dick, Jan; Turkelboom, Francis; Woods, Helen; Iniesta-Arandia, Irene; Primmer, Eeva; Saarela, Sanna-Riikka; Bezák, Peter; Mederly, Peter; Leone, Michael; Verheyden, Wim; Kelemen, Eszter; Hauck, Jennifer; Andrews, Chris; Antunes, Paula; Aszalós, Réka; Baró, Francesc; Barton, David N.; Berry, Pam; Bugter, Rob; Carvalho, Laurence; Czúcz, Bálint; Dunford-Brown, Rob; Garcia Blanco, Gemma; Geamănă, Nicoleta; Giucă, Relu; Grizzetti, Bruna; ...
Return to Run orthotic rehab initiative successfully returns. High-energy lower-extremity trauma (HELET) is common in modern warfare, often resulting in severe tissue damage, chronic pain, neurovascular injury and significant muscle loss, according to the new research presented today at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).. The Return to Run (RTR) program is an integrated orthotic and rehabilitation initiative designed to return high-level function to wounded warriors. It includes use of the new Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), a custom-fit device made from carbon and fiberglass that supports the foot and ankle allowing for greater mobility and vigorous rehabilitation.. In the study, researchers reviewed RTR records of 14 Special Operations Command (SOCOM) personnel - 10 Army Special Forces, three Navy Sea Air Land (SEALs), and one Air Force Pararescue Jumper (PJ) - who sustained HELET injuries and completed the RTR program. Records were ...
Megan Ishibashi, B.S., Toby Ishizuka, B.A. ABSTRACT Osteotomies that require a large incision site and are performed with a high-energy instrument may result in neurovascular injury and postoperative wound complications. The Gigli saw technique is a minimally invasive alternative to open dissection osteotomies. This technique uses a flexible stainless steel cable with attached handles in…
A recent study indicates that type 1 diabetes mellitus is associated with vascular brain lesions that affect cognition and might represent a target for preventive measures. This commentary discusses methods to ascertain vascular contributions to cerebral dysfunction in diabetes mellitus and indicates that we might only be seeing the tip ... read more of the iceberg. show less ...
Read Dietary Protein and Preservation of Physical Functioning Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in the Framingham Offspring Study, American Journal of Epidemiology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
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Serotoninergic pathways underlying delusion symptoms in Alzheimers disease (AD) have not been fully clarified. 5-Hydroxytryptamine transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is a variable number tandem repeats in the promoter region of serotonin transporter encoding-gene affecting transcription. We investigated the association of 5-HTTLPR with delusions in a total of 257 consecutive patients clinically diagnosed as AD according to the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimers Association criteria. All participants underwent a comprehensive evaluation with a standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment and Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Delusion symptoms were observed in 171 patients (66.54%). In respect to AD patients without delusions, AD patients with delusions showed a low prevalence of S-plus carriers (5-HTTLPR-L/S + 5-HTTLPR-S/S genotypes) [p | 0.001; odds ratio (OR) = 0.240, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.121-0.471]. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for the apolipoprotein E
Severe asphyxia, irrespective of whether it is induced by occlusion of the internal iliac artery or umbilical cord in near-term lambs, results in widespread pathologies to the brain. These include cell death, white matter disruption, oxidative stress, intraparenchymal haemorrhage and inflammation, which is consistent to that observed in infants with Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy.29-31 The resultant injury also delays the lambs abilities to (1) use all four legs, (2) attain a standing position, (3) find the udder, and (4) successfully suckle-compared with control lambs.29 It is very interesting that despite a ,20 mm Hg difference in arterial pressure at 5 min following ventilation onset, CaBF was similar between groups. CaBF is controlled primarily at the level of the resistance vessels (arterioles), which also act in response to high blood pressures to limit flow into the brain and protect the more delicate downstream microvessels from high pressures and flows. However, this autoregulatory ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Correlation between microvascular damage and hepatic clearance in swine liver transplantation. AU - Takasu, S.. AU - Sakagami, K.. AU - Oiwa, T.. AU - Hasuoka, H.. AU - Inagaki, M.. AU - Kurozumi, Y.. AU - Yagi, T.. AU - Miyoshi, K.. AU - Matsuoka, J.. AU - Kusaka, S.. AU - Matsuno, T.. AU - Shiozaki, S.. AU - Orita, K.. PY - 1991/1/1. Y1 - 1991/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026016758&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026016758&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 1990659. AN - SCOPUS:0026016758. VL - 23. SP - 707. EP - 710. JO - Transplantation Proceedings. JF - Transplantation Proceedings. SN - 0041-1345. IS - 1 I. ER - ...
A 75-year-old man is seen for routine follow-up for very severe COPD. He has constant dyspnea and air hunger and spends most of the day in a chair. He has had no change in baseline cough and sputum production. He has had multiple COPD exacerbations that required ICU admission and intubation. He has not benefited from pulmonary rehabilitation in the past. What is the most appropriate management?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Efficacy of manipulation for non-specific neck pain of recent onset. T2 - Design of a randomised controlled trial. AU - Leaver, Andrew M.. AU - Refshauge, Kathryn M.. AU - Maher, Christopher G.. AU - Latimer, Jane. AU - Herbert, Rob D.. AU - Jull, Gwendolen. AU - McAuley, James H.. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - Background. Manipulation is a common treatment for non-specific neck pain. Neck manipulation, unlike gentler forms of manual therapy such as mobilisation, is associated with a small risk of serious neurovascular injury and can result in stroke or death. It is thought however, that neck manipulation provides better results than mobilisation where clinically indicated. There is long standing and vigorous debate both within and between the professions that use neck manipulation as well as the wider scientific community as to whether neck manipulation potentially does more harm than good. The primary aim of this study is to determine whether neck manipulation provides more rapid ...
Cerebrovascular injuries, whether from trauma, surgery or internal chronic conditions, are all too often the cause of permanent disability, if not fatal outcomes. It is perhaps because of the very severity and hopelessness of these cases that they constitute some of the most frustrating and at the same time most rewarding work a homeopath can engage in. ...
Advanced temperature modulation techniques now allow for the elimination of fever as well as controlled hypothermia. However, as demonstrated in this study, shivering is frequently encountered (64%), and the severity of shivering as measured by the BSAS is strongly associated with graded increases in systemic metabolism. The application of therapeutic normothermia or hypothermia has not been shown to improve outcome after cerebrovascular injury, and the metabolic consequences of shivering may prove to be a limiting step in demonstrating the benefits of therapeutic temperature modulation. A scale that can simply and reliably detect and quantify shivering can be used as an end point for antishivering interventions and may play an important role in minimizing the day-to-day complications of cerebrovascular patients undergoing therapeutic temperature modulation in the intensive care unit.. Previous reports have considered shivering to be a binary event;8-10 however, the metabolic impact of shivering ...
A 64-year-old woman with a significant medical history sees her cardiologist for a routine follow-up after a second MI. How do you minimize her risk for future ASCVD events?
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Full clinical assessment is required, including evaluation of the soft tissues to determine whether a compartment syndrome is present and whether the patient has sustained a neurovascular injury. Gent... more
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Irina Victorovna Gannushkina had a lifelong interest in experimental neurology. Her fundamental studies of collateral blood circulation in the brain, individual susceptibility to cerebral ischaemia, and cerebrovascular biomechanics opened new perspectives for neurology and neurosurgery clinics. She also studied neuroimmunology and demonstrated the role of autoimmune factor in the pathogenesis of stroke, traumatic brain injury, and other nervous diseases. She wrote Collateral Cerebral Blood Circulation (1973) and Immunological Aspects of Traumatic and Vascular Brain Lesions (1974) and coauthored Hypertonic Encephalopathy (1987) and Immunopathology of Traumatic Brain Injury (1996).. Irina Gannushkina was born in Moscow in 1929 into a medical family (her father was a neurologist and her mother a nurse). As a student in the paediatric faculty of the Stalin Moscow State Medical Institute N2, she became interested in pathology and spent four years at the students society of the chair of pathology (in ...
Piotr Sosnik is Former Vice Chair-Supervisory at Przedsiebiorstwo Farmaceutyczne Jelfa SA. See Piotr Sosniks compensation, career history, education, & memberships.
So, after almost 17 months of twitching, I have now had my second EMG (the first one was early on in after about 6 weeks of twitching). This time they did my most active leg - my right leg. The doctor heard a few twitches in the EMG, but he said they were totally benign. Everything about how my muscles were acting when tensed and then relaxed were normal. For the most part my muscles were very quiet when relaxed. I have been doing a bit better in the last week - my anxiety is down a bit and I think I am starting to deal better with this (I hope entering into a remission phase like I did last winter. He and the nurse both confirmed that worrying, stress and anxiety make twitches so much worse. He finished the exam with, Well, I am sorry to say that you are going to be around for a long time. See you in 6 months for a routine follow-up ...
In older adults, cerebrovascular disease is a very common cause. Other causes are CNS tumors, head trauma, and other ... Seizures in babies are most commonly caused by hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system (CNS) infections, trauma ... During adulthood, the likely causes are alcohol related, strokes, trauma, CNS infections, and brain tumors.[26] ...
Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often.[44] Obesity ... "Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma. 3 (2): 77-81. doi:10.1016/j.jcot.2012.09.001. PMC 3872805. PMID 26403442.. ... Children with CP are prone to low trauma fractures, particularly children with higher GMFCS levels who cannot walk. This ... Because of the false perception that cerebral palsy is mostly caused by trauma during birth, as of 2005, 60% of obstetric ...
Marie described the case of a Frenchman who started speaking in an Alsatian accent after suffering from a cerebrovascular ... Dysprosody is usually attributed to neurological damage, such as brain tumors, brain trauma, brain vascular damage, stroke and ... It was found that the majority developed dysprosody after a cerebrovascular accident, while another 6 cases developed after a ... head trauma. In that same study, 16 of the patients were female, while 9 were male. However, there has been no conclusive ...
The clinical experience and results so far published has promoted the use of HBOT therapy in patients with cerebrovascular ... China and Russia treat more than 80 maladies, conditions and trauma with HBOT. Aspects under research include radiation-induced ... Tentative evidence shows a possible benefit in cerebrovascular diseases. ... The Journal of Trauma. 41 (2): 333-39. doi:10.1097/00005373-199608000-00023. PMID 8760546. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical ...
In older adults, cerebrovascular disease is a very common cause. Other causes are CNS tumors, head trauma, and other ... During adulthood, the likely causes are alcohol related, strokes, trauma, CNS infections, and brain tumors. ... trauma, congenital CNS abnormalities, and metabolic disorders. The most frequent cause of seizures in children is febrile ...
Brain tumor Brain abscess Sturge-Weber syndrome Cerebral palsy Cerebrovascular accident Multiple sclerosis Esquenazi A (2004 ... "Evaluation and management of spastic gait in patients with traumatic brain injury". J Head Trauma Rehabil. 19 (2): 109-18. doi: ...
It is encountered in patients with myelopathy, thoracic disease, cerebrovascular disease, nerve trauma or after surgeries. The ... Excessive sweating due to nervousness, anger, previous trauma or fear is called hyperhidrosis. Compensatory hyperhidrosis is ...
The damage is usually caused by head trauma, cerebrovascular accident, stroke, tumor, hypoxia, encephalitis, or chronic ... cerebrovascular events, anoxia or other trauma. The two brain regions related with this condition are medial temporal lobe and ... Mild trauma, such as a car accident that results in no more than mild whiplash, might cause the occupant of a car to have no ... Head trauma is a very broad range as it deals with any kind of injury or active action toward the brain which might cause ...
Orfei, M.D.; Caltagirone, C.; Spalletta, G. (2009). "The Evaluation of Anosognosia in Stroke Patients". Cerebrovascular ... Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 20 (1): 19-29. doi:10.1097/00001199-200501000-00004. PMID 15668568.. ... "Anosognosia in patients with cerebrovascular lesions. A study of causative factors". Stroke. 23 (10): 1446-53. doi:10.1161/01. ...
Facial nerve function may affect in several conditions like cerebrovascular accident, head trauma, brain tumors, bell's palsy ...
Wood PL, Hawkinson JE (April 1997). "N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists for stroke and head trauma". Expert Opinion on ... Cerebrovascular Diseases. 8 (5): 247-54. doi:10.1159/000015861. PMID 9712921. S2CID 25262626. Gandolfo C, Sandercock P, Conti M ...
This finding occurs during the first few hours of an acute event such as cerebrovascular infarct (stroke) or hemorrhage ( ... trauma or infection, causes tonic deviation of the eyes towards the side of the injury. ...
Cerebrovascular disease may cause a stroke in the frontal lobe. Tumours such as meningiomas may present with a frontal lobe ... Frontal lobe syndrome can be caused by a range of conditions including head trauma, tumours, neurodegenerative diseases, ... Frontal impairment due to head injuries, tumours or cerebrovascular disease will also appear on brain imaging. In terms of ... neurosurgery and cerebrovascular disease. Frontal lobe impairment can be detected by recognition of typical signs and symptoms ...
Analysis of cerebrovascular dysfunction caused by chronic social defeat in mice. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2020;88. 735- ... Dehumanization Evolutionary psychology Hazing Learned helplessness Psychological trauma Resource holding potential Social ...
A 2009 study published in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases found no evidence of the July effect for patients ... January 2010). "Complications and death at the start of the new academic year: is there a July phenomenon?". J Trauma. 68 (1): ... A 2010 study published in the Journal of Trauma found an increased risk of errors that resulted in preventable complications ... Schroeppel TJ, Fischer PE, Magnotti LJ, Croce MA, Fabian TC (September 2009). "The "July phenomenon": is trauma the exception ...
A cerebrovascular event is more likely the cause in an acute-onset presentation of aphasia, whereas a degenerative disease ... Other causes of focal damage potentially leading to Wernicke's aphasia include head trauma, infections affecting the central ... The etiology of this damage can vary greatly, with the most common cause being a cerebrovascular event such as an ischemic ...
There were no extra deaths from other non-cardiac causes such as cancer or trauma. The trial also showed benefits in diabetes, ... The risk of hospital-verified non-fatal myocardial infarction reduced by 37% and fatal and non-fatal cerebrovascular events ( ... Non-fatal CHD events and fatal and non-fatal cerebrovascular events were reduced without an increase in risk of cancer. ...
His research has focused on the mechanisms of injury in the central nervous system after trauma and the mechanisms of cell- ... cerebrovascular surgery, and surgery of the skull base. ...
22: Head and Facial Trauma". Mosby's Paramedic Textbook (2nd revised ed.). Mosby. Walters, FJM (1998). "Intracranial Pressure ... Increased ICP compresses cerebral arteries, causing increased cerebrovascular resistance (CVR). FLOW Ranging from 20ml 100g-1 ... CVR is cerebrovascular resistance An alternative definition of CPP is: C P P = M A P − I C P {\displaystyle CPP=MAP-ICP} where ... a fall in cerebrovascular resistance and a rise in cerebral-blood volume (CBV), and therefore CBF will return to baseline value ...
... cerebral injury Kernicterus Cerebrovascular diseases Drug induced Central nervous system tumor Peripheral or central trauma ...
... loss of neuron structure and function Maternal cardiac arrest Trauma during pregnancy Abdominal trauma Pathogenic infection ... loss of blood outside of the circulatory system Brain contusion or injury Multifocal cerebrovascular insufficiency Placental ...
... cerebrovascular trauma MeSH C10.228.140.300.350.500 - carotid artery injuries MeSH C10.228.140.300.350.500.300 - carotid artery ... cerebrovascular disorders MeSH C10.228.140.300.100 - basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200 - basal ... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.127.500 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C10.228.140.079.127.500.500 ... cerebrovascular accident MeSH C10.228.140.300.301.200 - brain infarction MeSH C10.228.140.300.301.200.100 - brain stem ...
Neurological disorder patients may have sustained trauma to the brain or a disease such as Multiple sclerosis, Cerebrovascular ... In most orthopaedic cases, a trauma, surgery or condition paired with immobilization that has resulted in a loss of range of ...
... specific nutrient deficiencies affecting brain function Trauma related to Abuse & Neglect Acquired Traumatic Brain Injuries ... Cerebrovascular disease (ischemia, thrombosis, embolism, infarct, arteriovenous malformation) Neurological conditions of ...
... trauma, or cerebrovascular accident). candidiasis of the oesophagus (which may be presumptively diagnosed based on the presence ...
Arthrogryposis Spastic diplegia Pernicious anemia Cerebrovascular accident Cervical spondylosis with myelopathy (a problem with ... the vertebrae in the neck) Liver failure Multiple sclerosis Spinal cord trauma Spinal cord tumor Syphilitic meningomyelitis ...
... cerebrovascular trauma MeSH C21.866.915.200.200 - carotid artery injuries MeSH C21.866.915.200.200.500 - carotid artery, ... craniocerebral trauma MeSH C21.866.915.300.200 - brain injuries MeSH C21.866.915.300.200.150 - brain concussion MeSH C21.866. ... cumulative trauma disorders MeSH C21.866.844.150.206 - carpal tunnel syndrome MeSH C21.866.844.150.957 - ulnar nerve ...
... cerebrovascular trauma MeSH C14.907.253.535.500 - carotid artery injuries MeSH C14.907.253.535.500.300 - carotid artery, ... cerebrovascular accident MeSH C14.907.253.480.200 - brain infarction MeSH C14.907.253.480.200.100 - brain stem infarctions MeSH ... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C14.907.253.061.200 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.061.200.500 - ...
Sequelae to trauma (e.g. spinal trauma or head injury) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Cerebral palsy Spinocerebellar ... Spastic paralysis in conditions such as cerebrovascular disease Spastic spinal paralysis Cervical spondylosis Postoperative ... and facilitating muscle movement Eperisone also improves dizziness and tinnitus associated with cerebrovascular disorders or ...
Eye Trauma Epidemiology and Prevention Archived 2006-05-28 at the Wayback Machine ... Cerebrovascular disease (3.2%). *Degeneration of the macula and posterior pole (3.0%). *Myopia (2.8%) ... or trauma among others.[7] These cases are known as cortical visual impairment.[7] Screening for vision problems in children ... cancer or trauma.[45] That is, uveitis refers to a complex category of ocular diseases that can cause blindness if either left ...
Armon C (November 2007). "Sports and trauma in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis revisited". Journal of the Neurological Sciences. ... physical trauma, and electric shock.[58][59] There is a tentative association with exposure to various pesticides, including ...
A systematic review found that traumatic childhood experiences (such as family conflict or sexual trauma) significantly ...
It cannot be applied in cases of ocular trauma or conditions that selectively affect the optic nerve, and gives erroneously ... As a result of that all individual influential factors (ABP, cerebrovascular autoregulation impairment, individual ... aside from a few Level I trauma centers, ICP monitoring is rarely a part of the clinical management of patients with these ... the method has been successfully validated in several relatively large studies that included patients with severe head trauma, ...
Hypertensives also have an increased cerebrovascular resistance which puts them at greater risk of developing cerebral ischemia ... head trauma, neoplasias, preeclampsia and eclampsia, and renovascular hypertension.[6] It is important to note that these ...
The FMA is often used as a measure of functional or physical impairment following a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[21] It ... Other causes of hemiplegia in adults include trauma, bleeding, brain infections and cancers. Individuals who have uncontrolled ... Hemiparesis and hemiplegia can be caused by different medical conditions, including congenital causes, trauma, tumors, or ...
... previous trauma, intolerance of uncertainty, negative problem orientation, ineffective coping, emotional hyperarousal, poor ... cerebrovascular disease and cancer.[77] ... trauma- and stressor-related disorders, personality disorders, ...
Trauma, Ehler's Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome. Diagnostic method. Computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance ... "A career in cerebrovascular disease: a personal account". Stroke. 32 (11): 2719-24. doi:10.1161/hs1101.098765. PMID 11692045 ... Traumatic vertebral dissection may follow blunt trauma to the neck, such as in a traffic collision, direct blow to the neck, ... Vertebral dissection may occur after physical trauma to the neck, such as a blunt injury (e.g. traffic collision), ...
... , also known as brain aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral ... The repeated trauma of blood flow against the vessel wall presses against the point of weakness and causes the aneurysm to ... Other acquired associations with intracranial aneurysms include head trauma and infections.[5] ... and trauma. Damage to structural integrity of the arterial wall by shear stress causes an inflammatory response with the ...
Acceleration-deceleration trauma,[9][10][11] rupture of an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and bleeding within a ... It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ... Brain trauma, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors[1]. Risk factors. High blood pressure, amyloidosis, ... Chapter 22, "Head and Facial Trauma." Mosby. *^ Graham DI and Gennareli TA. Chapter 5, "Pathology of Brain Damage After Head ...
The deadliest diseases in humans are coronary artery disease (blood flow obstruction), followed by cerebrovascular disease and ... Mental illness can be of biological (e.g., anatomical, chemical, or genetic) or psychological (e.g., trauma or conflict) origin ...
en:Major trauma (21) → 손상 *en:Malnutrition (101) → 영양실조 *en:Meningitis (83) → 수막염 ... en:Cerebrovascular disease (12). *en:Cervical screening (4). *en:Charles Schepens (4) ...
However, the open methods are still traditionally used in trauma or emergency situations.[12][13] ... and cerebrovascular system.[1] Neurosurgery is often colloquially referred to as "brain surgery" though neurosurgeons often ... Some indications for spine surgery include spinal cord compression resulting from trauma, arthritis of the spinal discs, or ... These fellowships include pediatric neurosurgery, trauma/neurocritical care, functional and stereotactic surgery, surgical ...
Psychological stress, childhood trauma, perfectionist personalities, old age, lower middle education, low physical fitness, ...
The second major form of syringomyelia occurs as a complication of trauma, meningitis, hemorrhage, a tumor, or arachnoiditis. ... The possible causes are trauma, tumors and congenital defects. It is most usually observed in the part of the spinal cord ... In the case of trauma-related syringomyelia, the surgeon operates at the level of the initial injury. The syrinx collapses at ... A typical cause of PTS would be a car accident or similar trauma involving a whip-lash injury. ...
... cerebrovascular disease,[33] seizures, polyneuropathy,[33] anxiety disorder, psychosis, depression, and in some extreme cases, ... documented the physical effects of lupus as well as some insights into the possibility that the disease caused internal trauma ...
This score has been tested and validated extensively in the trauma population, demonstrating good correlation with mortality, ... 1 each: Myocardial infarct, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, dementia, cerebrovascular disease, chronic ... "Comorbidity-polypharmacy scoring facilitates outcome prediction in older trauma patients". J Am Geriatr Soc. 60 (8): 1465-70. ... increasing levels of CPS were associated with significantly lower 90-day survival in the original study of the score in trauma ...
Craniomaxillofacial trauma. Disease of the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial ... orthopedic trauma surgery, pediatric orthopedic surgery Injury and disease of the musculoskeletal system. ...
... and cerebrovascular and ischaemic heart disease.[27] ...
It has also been shown to be linked in patients with acute stressors such as pregnancy, recent surgery, or recent trauma. POTS ... Low PA, Novak V, Spies JM, Novak P, Petty GW (1999). "Cerebrovascular Regulation in the Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia ... physical trauma, concussion, pregnancy, or surgery.[47][11][22] It is believed that these events could act as a trigger for an ...
... can result from brain trauma or from nontraumatic causes such as ischemic stroke, cancer, or brain inflammation ... This type of edema may result from trauma, tumors, focal inflammation, late stages of cerebral ischemia and hypertensive ... Mechanisms contributing to blood-brain barrier dysfunction include physical disruption by arterial hypertension or trauma, and ... specific MRI techniques has allowed for some differentiation between the two mechanisms and suggests that in the case of trauma ...
Cipolla MJ (July 2007). "Cerebrovascular function in pregnancy and eclampsia". Hypertension. 50 (1): 14-24. doi:10.1161/ ... Head trauma to the occipital lobe of the brain [5]. *Congenital abnormalities of the occipital lobe [5] ...
Some examples of subspecialty areas in neurosurgery include cerebrovascular र skull base surgery, epilepsy, functional र ... Intractable pain of cancer or trauma patients र cranial/peripheral nerve pain ... stereotactic neurosurgery, neurosurgery trauma, spine surgery, र pediatric neurosurgery. Admission into advanced fellowship ...
Most cases of SAH are due to trauma such as a blow to the head.[1][15] Traumatic SAH usually occurs near the site of a skull ... "Cerebrovascular Diseases. 42 (3-4): 263-71. doi:10.1159/000446251. PMID 27173669.. ... The prognosis of head trauma is thought to be influenced in part by the location and amount of subarachnoid bleeding.[17] It is ... usually caused by trauma, can lead to subarachnoid hemorrhage if the dissection involves the part of the vessel inside the ...
Ferro, JM; Dávalos, A (2006). "Other neuroprotective therapies on trial in acute stroke". Cerebrovascular Diseases. 21 Suppl 2 ... and was trialed in humans for reducing brain injury following head trauma.[6] It was subsequently trialed up to phase II for ... it was instead trialed as a candidate for reducing brain injury following head trauma. The drug was then examined as a ...
Imaging technology advances have meant more diagnosed blunt cerebrovascular injuries and led to significant declines in stroke ... Advances in Imaging Detect Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury More Frequently in Trauma Patients, and Lead to Reduced Stroke Rates. ... The researchers found that the percentage of blunt trauma patients diagnosed with blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI), a type ... Advances in Imaging Detect Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury More Frequently in Trauma Patients ...
This pathway provides guidance for cerebrovascular imaging of blunt trauma patients who are at increased risk of ... Blunt cerebrovascular injury practice management guidelines: the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. J Trauma. 2010; ... for cerebrovascular imaging of blunt trauma patients who are at increased risk of cerebrovascular injury following their trauma ... Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (BCVI). *Incidence ranges between 0.18% - 1.63% of blunt trauma admissions, and is reportedly as ...
Functional outcomes following blunt cerebrovascular injury. DiCocco, Jennifer M.; Fabian, Timothy C.; Emmett, Katrina P.; More ... Trauma center level impacts survival for cirrhotic trauma patients. Bukur, Marko; Felder, Seth I.; Singer, Matthew B.; More ... Trauma center level impacts survival for cirrhotic trauma patients. Bukur, Marko; Felder, Seth I.; Singer, Matthew B.; More ... Lactate clearance as a predictor of mortality in trauma patients. Odom, Stephen R.; Howell, Michael D.; Silva, George S.; More ...
Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury Practice Management Guidelines: The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Bromberg, ... Western Trauma Association Critical Decisions in Trauma: Penetrating neck trauma. Sperry, Jason L.; Moore, Ernest E.; Coimbra, ... A comparison of adolescent penetrating trauma patients managed at pediatric versus adult trauma centers in a mature trauma ... A comparison of adolescent penetrating trauma patients managed at pediatric versus adult trauma centers in a mature trauma ...
The main cause for spinal injuries is blunt trauma... ... 19.5 Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury * 19.6 Injuries to the ... Magnetic resonance imaging of acute spinal cord trauma: preliminary report. J Orthop Trauma. 1988;2(1):1-4.PubMedCrossRef ... When injuries occur in the upper or middle thoracic spine it is usually a result of major trauma, e.g., high velocity trauma ... 19.5 Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury. Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) to the carotid arteries (CAs) and/or vertebral arteries ...
Soft-tissue trauma often is a result of uncontrolled ROM exercises, poor positioning of the hemiplegic patient, or improper ... Rehabilitation nursing approaches to cerebrovascular accident: a comparison of two approaches. Rehabil Nurs. 1991 Mar-Apr. 16(2 ... encoded search term (What causes soft tissue trauma in a hemiplegic shoulder?) and What causes soft tissue trauma in a ... Soft-tissue trauma often is a result of uncontrolled ROM exercises, poor positioning of the hemiplegic patient, or improper ...
Cerebrovascular Disease. *Cervical Spine Myelopathy. *Chiaris Deformity. *Cranial Trauma. *Craniectomy, Craniotomy, Surgery of ...
Cerebrovascular Disease. *Cervical Spine Myelopathy. *Chiaris Deformity. *Cranial Trauma. *Craniectomy, Craniotomy, Surgery of ...
Cerebrovascular Disease. *Cervical Spine Myelopathy. *Cranial Trauma. *Craniectomy, Craniotomy, Surgery of Skull Base, ...
Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Craniocerebral Trauma. ... Blood vessels that occupy this space are being stretched and may rupture after a minor head trauma. Although the resulting ... These hematomas develop after minor head trauma and increase in size over weeks. Patients usually present with headaches, gait ...
Vertebral Artery Dissection Cerebrovascular Accident Cerebrovascular Stroke Other: head positions and spinal manipulation ... Subjects will have had no prior history of head trauma or prior history of surgery to the neck region. ... Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases. ... The goal is to further investigate the cerebrovascular hemodynamic consequences of cervical spine positions, including rotation ...
Cerebrovascular trauma.. Nace SR, Gentry LR.. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2014 Aug;24(3):487-511, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2014.03. ... Clinical criteria for obtaining maxillofacial computed tomographic scans in trauma patients.. Sitzman TJ, Hanson SE, Alsheik NH ... Validation of Clinical Criteria for Obtaining Maxillofacial Computed Tomography in Patients With Trauma. ...
Trauma Cerebrovascular Accidents Toxins. Nutritional Deficiencies. Neoplasia. Epilepsy/Seizures Peripheral Nervous System ... Iatrogenic Trauma Feather Damaging Behaviour and Other Self-Mutilating Conditions. Further Reading. Disorders of the Beak and ... Trauma Hyperextension of the Maxilla Overgrown Maxilla Infection. Neoplasia Keratin Flakes on the Beak Disorders of the Cere. ...
Trauma. The facial nerve is susceptible to blunt trauma or laceration along its bony course. Fractures to the skull base ( ... Cerebrovascular accidents. The facial nerve receives its blood supply from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. It is most ... Any recent trauma or surgery involving the head, face or eyelids should be documented. Past infections should be reviewed, with ... Cicatrices. Chemical or thermal burns, ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, Stevens-Johnson syndrome or mechanical trauma may cause ...
Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Craniocerebral Trauma. ... Trauma, Nervous System. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Wounds and Injuries. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non- ... cerebrovascular disease, etc.) and will randomize them either to a Placebo- or Aspirin-arm. The patients will receive placebo ...
Cerebrovascular & Skullbase Fellowship. Title of Fellowship. Cerebrovascular & Skullbase Fellowship. Contact Name for ... Trauma. Trauma. 0. Craniocervical. Transcervical. 0. Transoral. 0. Endonasal. 0. Reconstruction. Cranioplasty. 0 ...
Neurologic Trauma 8-10 Questions. Monti Smith, MSN, RN. Increased Intracranial Pressure. The cranial vault contains: Brain ... The nurse planning care for a client who suffered a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) with residual dysphagia would write on the ... Trauma and Substance Abuse An Introduction to Trauma-Informed Care -Trauma and substance abuse an introduction to trauma- ... Where Pediatric Trauma Fits into a Trauma System -R. todd maxson, md, facs trauma medical director arkansas childrens hospital ...
... cerebrovascular diseases, trauma, CSF disorders, developmental malformations, inflammatory diseases, epilepsy, tumors and tumor ... His clinical interest and research focus are cerebrovascular diseases, brain tumors, as well as neuro-infection (in particular ...
Mitigating the effects of repetitive exposure to head trauma has become a major concern for the general population, given the ... Cerebrovascular biomarkers may be useful in assessing the effects of repetitive head trauma, as these are thought to contribute ... to assess the relationship between cerebrovascular brain changes and exposure to repetitive head trauma over a season of play ... Cerebrovascular Autoregulation and Monitoring of Cerebrovascular Reactivity. In E. H. Lo, M. Ning, J. Lok, & M. J. Whalen (Eds ...
Purchase Intensive Care for Neurological Trauma and Disease - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780127882840, ... Cerebrovascular Disease: A Neurosurgeon s Perspective The Early Management of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Neurologists ... Intensive Care for Neurological Trauma and Disease 1st Edition. Write a review ... Organized into 24 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the problem of neurological trauma. This text then presents ...
Cardiopulmonary Cerebrovascular Resuscitation. 15. Trauma. 16. Hematologic Emergencies. 17. Cardiovascular Emergencies. 18. ...
... collectively termed blunt cerebrovascular injury, are rare but potentially devastating events. In the past, blunt carotid ... Blunt cerebrovascular injury practice management guidelines: the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. J Trauma 2010; ... Western Trauma Association critical decisions in trauma: screening for and treatment of blunt cerebrovascular injuries. J ... J Trauma 2001; 51:308.. *Cothren CC, Moore EE, Ray CE Jr, et al. Screening for blunt cerebrovascular injuries is cost-effective ...
History of cerebrovascular accident * Recent intracranial or intraspinal surgery or trauma (see WARNINGS) ... Patients with known cerebrovascular or other bleeding risks or those with a systolic blood pressure ,200 mm Hg or a diastolic ...
... and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all ... Spinal cord trauma. *· Spinal disc herniation. *· Spinal surgery. *· Traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves ... and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all ...
Trauma patients. In a prospective study conducted in 738 trauma patients [2], moderate hyperglycaemia (BG , 11.1 mmol/l) but ... Patients with cerebrovascular accident. In a study of 656 patients with an established cerebrovascular accident (CVA) [18], 25 ... Yendamuri S, Fulda GJ, Tinkoff GH: Admission hyperglycemia as a prognostic indicator in trauma. J Trauma 2003, 55: 33-38.View ... Admission hyperglycemia is predictive of outcome in critically ill trauma patients. J Trauma 2005, 59: 80-83.View ArticlePubMed ...
Cerebrovascular Circulation * Craniocerebral Trauma / mortality * Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology* * ...
Close monitoring of glucose during periods of stress, infection, illness, and trauma ... Cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Risk Factors. *Type 1 , type 2 DM. *Younger patients at higher risk ... Close monitoring of glucose during periods of stress, infection, illness, and trauma ...
Trauma even could result from a panic reaction. Depending upon the severity of the trauma, an anti-inflammatory might be ... Trauma. A blow to the face, neck or head can result in an injury to the brain which can cause the rabbit to have a head tilt. ... Stroke (cerebrovascular accidents). *Trauma. *Cancer (neoplasia). *Cervical muscle contraction. *Encephalitozoonosis. *Cerebral ...
Cranial Trauma. *Cerebrovascular. *Base of Skull. *Degenerative Spine Disorders. *Spine Trauma. *Spine Tumour ...
  • We will include patients receiving low-dose ASA as secondary prophylaxis for various reasons (e.g. coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular disease, etc.) and will randomize them either to a Placebo- or Aspirin-arm. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Intensive Care for Neurological Trauma and Disease presents the progress in intensive care in terms of technological development on life-support and monitoring systems. (elsevier.com)
  • attention to symptoms of angina or peripheral cerebrovascular disease. (nih.gov)
  • The Division of Neurosurgery is a regional, national and international destination for newborns and children with disease, trauma or malformation of the brain, spine or nervous system. (childrensnational.org)
  • Brain damage caused by idebenone in chronic cerebrovascular disease and brain trauma. (alibaba.com)
  • W. Pulsinelli, Selective Neuronal Vulnerability and Infarction in Cerebrovascular Disease. (bookdepository.com)
  • see the ACR Appropriateness Criteria on Cerebrovascular Disease. (ajnr.org)
  • series, Cerebrovascular Disease a case-based approach to cover common and important topics in the examination, investigation, and management of stroke, embolism, thrombosis, hemorrhage, and other critical presentations of cerebrovascular disease. (oup.com)
  • Cerebrovascular Disease is an engaging collection of thought-provoking cases which clinicians can utilize when they encounter difficult patients. (oup.com)
  • Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. (springer.com)
  • Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common presentation of cerebrovascular disease is an ischemic stroke or mini-stroke and sometimes a hemorrhagic stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides hypertension, there are also many less common causes of cerebrovascular disease, including those that are congenital or idiopathic and include CADASIL, aneurysms, amyloid angiopathy, arteriovenous malformations, fistulas, and arterial dissections. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, cerebrovascular disease may go undetected for years until an acute stroke occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) is an international, open-access journal dedicated to publication of original contributions concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. (scirp.org)
  • Cerebrovascular Diseases and Malformations of the Brain. (buecher.de)
  • Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases is a handy reference source for scientists, students, and physicians needing reliable, up-to-date information on basic mechanisms, physiology, pathophysiology, and medical issues related to brain vasculature. (bookdepository.com)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the most important contributing risk factor for stroke and cerebrovascular diseases as it can change the structure of blood vessels and result in atherosclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebrovascular diseases can also present less commonly with headache or seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common presentation of cerebrovascular diseases is an acute stroke, which occurs when blood supply to the brain is compromised. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, patients with some rare congenital cerebrovascular diseases may begin to have these symptoms in childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of congenital cerebrovascular diseases include arteriovenous malformations, germinal matrix hemorrhage, and CADASIL (cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Learn more about our neurosurgery referral guidelines for brain tumors, spinal cord tumors, epilepsy, functional, hydrocephalus, chiari malformations, spina bifida tethered cord and cerebrovascular issues. (childrensnational.org)
  • Cerebrovascular accidents. (aao.org)
  • Cerebrovascular accidents accelerate this process. (hubpages.com)
  • CHICAGO (January 19, 2017): Advances in diagnostic imaging technology have meant that more trauma patients are being diagnosed with blunt cerebrovascular injuries, and as a result, stroke and related death rates in these patients have declined significantly over the past 30 years. (facs.org)
  • The researchers found that the percentage of blunt trauma patients diagnosed with blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI), a type of severe injury to main vessels that supply blood to the brain, increased six-fold: from 0.33 percent to 2 percent from the beginning of the study period in 1985 to the end in 2015. (facs.org)
  • The researchers evaluated 564 patients diagnosed with BCVI from hospital records and the trauma registry at the Elvis Presley Regional Trauma Center, Memphis. (facs.org)
  • However, the study noted that males made up 68 percent of all blunt trauma patients over the 30-year period, indicating that female blunt trauma victims may be predisposed to BCVI. (facs.org)
  • This pathway provides guidance for cerebrovascular imaging of blunt trauma patients who are at increased risk of cerebrovascular injury following their trauma. (wa.gov.au)
  • The imaging methods for evaluating patients with acute spinal trauma have dramatically changed in the last decade especially with the development of thin section multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) and isotropic datasets that provide high-resolution sagittal and coronal reformats. (springer.com)
  • Validation of Clinical Criteria for Obtaining Maxillofacial Computed Tomography in Patients With Trauma. (nih.gov)
  • The overall incidence is low in patients sustaining blunt trauma. (uptodate.com)
  • Increased recognition through screening (arteriography, computed tomographic angiography) based upon specific clinical criteria has increased the reported incidence to approximately 1 percent in patients with blunt trauma [ 1,3-5 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • The anatomic variability of the collateral circulation helps explain the clinical presentations of patients with cerebrovascular injuries, and underscores the need for complete imaging of cerebral circulation when injury is suspected. (uptodate.com)
  • Many trauma centers have begun incorporating viscoelastic testing in the initial evaluation of injured patients, particularly among those with known or suspected active bleeding. (east.org)
  • Cerebrovascular events in 21 105 patients with atrial fibrillation randomized to edoxaban versus warfarin: Effective Anticoagulation with Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: We analyzed the subtypes of cerebrovascular events in 21 105 patients participating in Effective Anticoagulation with Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48 (ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48) comparing outcomes among patients randomized to warfarin versus 2 edoxaban regimens (high dose, low dose). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. (lww.com)
  • Any recent trauma or surgery involving the head, face or eyelids should be documented. (aao.org)
  • In this episode, we discuss an interesting study which was recently published in the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (see link below) with the study's lead author, Dr. Matthew Carrick, and the senior author, Dr. Kenneth Mattox. (east.org)
  • This text then presents the accident scene management protocol for acute spinal cord injury as a standard to other forms of trauma system pre-hospital care. (elsevier.com)
  • SE may be due to drug overdose toxicity (e.g., isoniazid), traumatic brain injury, neoplastic conditions, metabolic derangements, encephalopathy or cerebrovascular accident. (hawaii.edu)
  • As with head injuries, there are many types of spine trauma , which vary in severity. (mountsinai.org)
  • Sildenafil may be a useful therapy for TBI because it can correct deficits in cerebrovascular reactivity. (mdedge.com)
  • The goal is to further investigate the cerebrovascular hemodynamic consequences of cervical spine positions, including rotation and manipulation in-vivo under clinically relevant circumstances using two advanced forms of MRI technology on the VA and posterior cerebral vessels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Almost half of the spinal injuries result in neurological deficits, often severe and sometimes fatal (Hill and Dean, J Trauma 34:549-554, 1993). (springer.com)
  • The majority of injuries to the spinal cord (85%) occur at the time of trauma, whereas in a minority of cases (5-10%) the spinal cord injury occurs in the immediate post-injury period (Rogers, J Bone Joint Surg 39:341-351, 1957). (springer.com)
  • Among women's sports, soccer currently exhibits the highest growth in participation and reports the largest number of mild traumatic brain injuries annually, making female soccer athletes a relevant population in assessing the effects of repetitive exposure to head trauma. (springer.com)
  • and tissue characterization and trauma. (ajnr.org)
  • Ischemic cerebrovascular event rates were similar with high-dose edoxaban and warfarin, whereas low-dose edoxaban was less effective than warfarin. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The overall group with BCVI was predominantly male (65 percent) with an average age of 41 years and an average injury severity score (ISS) of 27 (major trauma is defined as an ISS of 15 or greater). (facs.org)
  • In the emergency setting the appropriate selection of imaging for spinal trauma depends upon several factors such as, modality availability, the patient's clinical and neurological status, type of trauma (blunt, single, or multi-trauma), and other associated co-morbidities. (springer.com)
  • Organized into 24 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the problem of neurological trauma. (elsevier.com)
  • 26171397 - Brain trauma and aging or neurological damage concept as an iceberg. (123rf.com)
  • [2] WHO defines stroke as, a neurological deficit of cerebrovascular cause that persists beyond 24 hours or is interrupted by death within 24 hours . (wikidoc.org)
  • Dr. Moore and Dr. Benjamin share their experience and insights as two early adopters of REBOA at their Level 1 trauma centers. (east.org)
  • Methods - We analyzed data for all pregnant women admitted to the hospital in Canada over 7 years to test whether major trauma still clustered in the summer despite their aversion toward alcohol, recklessness, and extreme sports. (ices.on.ca)
  • Results - A total of 2,618 pregnant women sustained major trauma. (ices.on.ca)
  • Conclusion - We suggest that normal lifestyle choices contribute to an increased risk of major trauma during pregnancy and merit greater awareness throughout the year. (ices.on.ca)
  • Despite the occurrence of arterial dissection following minor or major trauma, dissections may also occur spontaneously [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To appreciate the soft tissue components of spinal trauma and how they differ in the pediatric population. (springer.com)
  • Cerebrovascular pathophysiology in pediatric traumatic brain injury. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • In this episode of Traumacast, we interview Dr. Laura Moore and Dr. Elizabeth Benjamin on one of the current "hot topics" in trauma care and resuscitation, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). (east.org)
  • Drs. Carrick and Mattox describe the extension of the hypotensive resuscitation paradigm beyond the trauma bay and into the operating room, as well as some details about how they were able to accomplish this prospective, randomized trial with exception from informed consent. (east.org)
  • To appreciate the utility of radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of spinal trauma and spinal cord injury. (springer.com)
  • Cerebrovascular biomarkers may be useful in assessing the effects of repetitive head trauma, as these are thought to contribute directly to neurocognitive symptoms associated with mild traumatic brain injury. (springer.com)
  • Blunt carotid and vertebral artery injury, collectively termed blunt cerebrovascular injury, are rare but potentially devastating events. (uptodate.com)
  • Injury mechanisms, screening, and diagnosis of blunt cerebrovascular injury will be reviewed here. (uptodate.com)
  • The treatment of blunt cerebrovascular injury is discussed separately. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Blunt cerebrovascular injury: Treatment and outcomes' . (uptodate.com)
  • The diagnosis and management of penetrating cerebrovascular injury and spontaneous cerebrovascular dissection are reviewed elsewhere. (uptodate.com)
  • Head trauma is any injury to your head, from a minor bump on the skull to serious brain trauma. (mountsinai.org)
  • A series of audio interviews addressing upcoming research and its application to the injured patient, education efforts related to trauma, and novel methods in the management of injury. (east.org)
  • Discuss emerging technologies as well as diagnosis and treatment paradigms for spine, cerebrovascular and trauma, including pharmacology, in a variety of neurosurgical conditions. (aans.org)
  • The problems and various other aspects of diagnosis of intra- and extra-axial brain tumors (more than 30,000 verified cases) as well as of cerebrovascular, infectious, demyelinating, degenerative and traumatic brain and spine lesions are discussed. (buecher.de)
  • Subdural hematomas may develop following minor trauma, or even spontaneously. (hubpages.com)
  • [1] Risk factors include preterm birth , being a twin , certain infections during pregnancy such as toxoplasmosis or rubella , exposure to methylmercury during pregnancy, a difficult delivery, and head trauma during the first few years of life, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was no antecedent trauma or recent infection. (hindawi.com)
  • Recurrent thromboembolism leads to cerebrovascular occlusion, ischemia of limbs and infection of other vital organs. (hubpages.com)
  • These hematomas develop after minor head trauma and increase in size over weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Blood vessels that occupy this space are being stretched and may rupture after a minor head trauma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mitigating the effects of repetitive exposure to head trauma has become a major concern for the general population, given the growing body of evidence that even asymptomatic exposure to head accelerations is linked with increased risk for negative life outcomes and that risk increases as exposure is prolonged over many years. (springer.com)
  • Here we use fMRI paired with a hypercapnic breath hold task along with monitoring of head acceleration events, to assess the relationship between cerebrovascular brain changes and exposure to repetitive head trauma over a season of play in female high school soccer athletes. (springer.com)
  • Findings argue for active monitoring of athletes during periods of exposure to head acceleration events, illustrate the importance of collecting baseline (i.e., pre-exposure) measurements, and suggest modeling as a means of guiding policy to mitigate the effects of repetitive head trauma. (springer.com)
  • Head trauma can cause your brain cells to malfunction. (mountsinai.org)
  • and trauma (ie, birth, fractures of the mandible or temporal bone). (chiro.org)
  • According to the knowledge of the investigators, a study utilizing MRI and functional blood oxygen level dependent (fBOLD) imaging to examine blood flow and perfusion, turbulence and evidence of micro-trauma within these vessels has yet to be conducted. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To understand the prevalence and clinical consequences of spinal trauma. (springer.com)
  • He had no cerebrovascular risk factor and he took no medication. (hindawi.com)