Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)
One of the paired air spaces located in the body of the SPHENOID BONE behind the ETHMOID BONE in the middle of the skull. Sphenoid sinus communicates with the posterosuperior part of NASAL CAVITY on the same side.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.
A delicate membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord. It lies between the PIA MATER and the DURA MATER. It is separated from the pia mater by the subarachnoid cavity which is filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.
An irregular unpaired bone situated at the SKULL BASE and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones (FRONTAL BONE; TEMPORAL BONE; OCCIPITAL BONE). Sphenoid bone consists of a median body and three pairs of processes resembling a bat with spread wings. The body is hollowed out in its inferior to form two large cavities (SPHENOID SINUS).
Neoplasms of the base of the skull specifically, differentiated from neoplasms of unspecified sites or bones of the skull (SKULL NEOPLASMS).
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.
The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
A plastic surgical operation on the nose, either reconstructive, restorative, or cosmetic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)
A secondary headache disorder attributed to low CEREBROSPINAL FLUID pressure caused by SPINAL PUNCTURE, usually after dural or lumbar puncture.
The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Tapping fluid from the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region, usually between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae.
The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.
Abnormal sensitivity to light. This may occur as a manifestation of EYE DISEASES; MIGRAINE; SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE; MENINGITIS; and other disorders. Photophobia may also occur in association with DEPRESSION and other MENTAL DISORDERS.
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Intraoperative computer-assisted 3D navigation and guidance system generally used in neurosurgery for tracking surgical tools and localize them with respect to the patient's 3D anatomy. The pre-operative diagnostic scan is used as a reference and is transferred onto the operative field during surgery.
Techniques used mostly during brain surgery which use a system of three-dimensional coordinates to locate the site to be operated on.

Evaluation of CSF leaks: high-resolution CT compared with contrast-enhanced CT and radionuclide cisternography. (1/124)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiologic evaluation of CSF leaks is a diagnostic challenge that often involves multiple imaging studies with the associated expense and patient discomfort. We evaluated the use of screening noncontrast high-resolution CT in identifying the presence and site of CSF rhinorrhea and otorrhea and compared it with contrast-enhanced CT cisternography and radionuclide cisternography. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the imaging studies and medical records of all patients who were evaluated for CSF leak during a 7-year period. Forty-two patients with rhinorrhea and/or otorrhea underwent high-resolution CT of the face or temporal bone and then had CT cisternography and radionuclide cisternography via lumbar puncture. The results of the three studies were compared and correlated with the surgical findings in 21 patients. RESULTS: High-resolution CT showed bone defects in 30 of 42 patients (71%) with CSF leak. High-resolution, radionuclide cisternography and CT cisternography did not show bone defects or CSF leak for 12 patients (29%) who had clinical evidence of CSF leak. Among the 30 patients with bone defects, 20 (66%) had positive results of their radionuclide cisternography and/or CT cisternography. For the 21 patients who underwent surgical exploration and repair, intraoperative findings correlated with the defects revealed by high-resolution CT in all cases. High-resolution CT identified significantly more patients with CSF leak than did radionuclide cisternography and CT cisternography, with a moderate degree of agreement. CONCLUSION: Noncontrast high-resolution CT showed a defect in 70% of the patients with CSF leak. No radionuclide cisternography or CT cisternography study produced positive results without previous visualization of a defect on high-resolution CT. CT cisternography and radionuclide cisternography may be reserved for patients in whom initial high-resolution CT does not identify a bone defect or for patients with multiple fractures or postoperative defects.  (+info)

Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leakage detected by magnetic resonance cisternography--case report. (2/124)

A 49-year-old male with no history of head trauma suffered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) discharge from the left nostril for one month. Coronal computed tomography (CT) showed lateral extension of the sphenoid sinus on both sides and CSF collection on the left side. CT cisternography could not identify the site of CSF leakage. Heavily T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MR cisternography) in the coronal plane clearly delineated a fistulous tract through the sphenoid bone into the sphenoid sinus. Patch graft with muscle fragment completely relieved the CSF rhinorrhea. Postoperative three-dimensional CT showed the two bone defects identified during surgery. Small bony dehiscences in the sphenoid bone and lateral extension of the sphenoid sinus predisposed the present patient to CSF fistula formation. MR cisternography in the coronal and sagittal planes is superior to CT scanning or CT cisternography for detection of the site of active CSF leakage.  (+info)

CSF rhinorrhoea from unusual site : report of two cases. (3/124)

CSF rhinorrhoea is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Bone and dural defects may result from trauma or enlarging 'pitholes' or breach in lateral recess of sphenoid sinus. Unless surgically corrected, they tend to cause meningitis and rhinorrhoea. Unusually delayed rhinorrhoea is a diagnostic problem.  (+info)

A retrospective analysis of spontaneous sphenoid sinus fistula: MR and CT findings. (4/124)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The sphenoid sinus is rarely implicated as a site of spontaneous CSF fistula. We undertook this study to evaluate the potential etiopathogenesis of spontaneous CSF fistula involving the sphenoid sinus and to review the imaging findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the imaging findings of 145 cases of CSF fistula from our departmental archives (August 1995 through August 1998). Fifteen (10%) patients had CSF fistulas involving the sphenoid sinus. Eleven (7%) patients had spontaneous CSF fistulas, whereas in four patients, the CSF fistulas in the sphenoid sinus were related to trauma. Of the 11 patients, nine underwent only plain high-resolution CT and MR cisternography. One patient additionally underwent contrast-enhanced CT cisternography, and one other patient underwent MR cisternography only. For each patient, the CSF fistula site was surgically confirmed. The MR imaging technique included T1-weighted and fast spin-echo T2-weighted 3-mm-thick coronal sequences obtained with the patient in the supine position. The plain high-resolution CT study included 3-mm-thick, and sometimes 1- to 1.5-mm-thick, coronal sections obtained with the patient in the prone position. Similar sections were obtained after injecting nonionic contrast material intrathecally via lumbar puncture for the CT cisternographic study. We evaluated each of the 11 patients for the exact site of CSF leak in the sphenoid sinus. We also determined the presence of pneumatization of lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus, orientation of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus, presence of arachnoid pits, presence of brain tissue herniation, and presence of empty sella in each of these patients. RESULTS: The exact sites of the CSF fistulas were documented for all 11 patients by using plain high-resolution CT, MR cisternography, or CT cisternography. In nine (82%) patients, the sites of the CSF fistulas were at the junction of the anterior portion of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus and the floor of the middle cranial fossa. In the remaining two (18%) patients, the sites of the CSF fistulas were along the midportion of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus. Of these 11 patients, one had bilateral sites of the CSF fistula at the junction of the anterior portion of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus with the floor of the middle cranial fossa. In nine (82%) patients, the presence of brain tissue herniation was revealed, and this finding was best shown by MR cisternography. Ten (91%) patients had extensive pneumatization of the lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus, with an equal number having outward concave orientation of the inferior portion of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus. In seven (63%) patients, the presence of arachnoid pits, predominantly along the anteromedial aspect of the middle cranial fossa, was shown. In seven (63%) patients, empty sella was shown. For comparison, we reviewed the CT studies of the paranasal sinuses in 100 age-matched control subjects from a normal population. Twenty-three had extensive lateral pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus along with outward concavity of the inferior portion of the lateral wall. None of these 23 patients had arachnoid pits. CONCLUSION: The sphenoid sinus, when implicated as a site of spontaneous CSF leak, yields a multitude of imaging findings. These are extensive pneumatization of the lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus, outward concave orientation of the inferior portion of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus, arachnoid pits, and empty sella. Considering the normative data, we speculate that this constellation of findings could play a role in the etiopathogenesis of spontaneous sphenoid sinus fistulas. Our findings also show the efficacy of noninvasive imaging techniques, such as plain high-resolution CT and MR cisternography, in the evaluation of sphenoid sinus CSF leak. Our data also suggest that spontaneous sphenoid sinus CSF leak is not an uncommon occurrenc  (+info)

Delayed cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea seven months after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma--case report. (5/124)

A 51-year-old female had undergone transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma producing growth hormone. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage occurred during surgery. The sella turcica and sphenoid sinus were packed with abdominal fat and fibrin glue, buttressing the closure with a fragment of sphenoid bone. No CSF rhinorrhea occurred postoperatively. Severe meningitis developed 7 months later. CSF rhinorrhea occurred 10 days after readmission. Exploration through the transsphenoidal approach identified a small hole at the floor of the sella and CSF leaking into the sphenoid sinus through the hole. The CSF leakage stopped after the second surgery. Delayed CSF rhinorrhea without bromocriptine administration is very rare. The cause of delayed CSF rhinorrhea remains unclear. CSF rhinorrhea should be suspected if meningitis develops even months after transsphenoidal surgery.  (+info)

Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea associated with untreated prolactinoma--case report. (6/124)

An 80-year-old female presented with non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea due to untreated prolactinoma, with simultaneous development of bilateral leg pains and gait disturbance due to lumbar canal stenosis. Neuroimaging showed an intrasellar mass extending into the sphenoid sinus, right cavernous sinus, and suprasellar cistern. Computed tomography cisternography clearly showed the CSF pathway through the tumor. Subtotal removal of the tumor and reconstruction of the sellar floor via a transsphenoidal approach resulted in resolution of the CSF rhinorrhea. Both the invasive features and/or spontaneous shrinkage of the tumor might have created the abnormal CSF pathway. The clinical manifestation of lumbar canal stenosis might be triggered by such profound CSF leakage.  (+info)

Recovery from Duret hemorrhage: a rare complication after craniotomy--case report. (7/124)

A 44-year-old female presented with Duret hemorrhage due to transtentorial herniation by extradural hematoma as a complication after craniotomy for treatment of spontaneous middle cranial fossa cerebrospinal fluid leakage through the oval window. Brain computed tomography revealed linear hemorrhage in the midbrain and the rostral pons. She awoke after 2 weeks in a coma, despite showing ocular bobbing and bilateral intranuclear ophthalmoplegia. She was discharged from the hospital with minimal neurological defects. Duret hemorrhage is usually fatal, but this case shows that early surgical decompression is the most important factor to avoid the worst sequelae.  (+info)

Characterization of chemical meningitis after neurological surgery. (8/124)

We reviewed the records of 70 consecutive adult patients with meningitis after a neurosurgical procedure, to determine the characteristics that might help to distinguish a sterile postoperative chemical meningitis from bacterial infection. The spinal fluid profiles in bacterial and chemical meningitis are similar. The exceptions are that a spinal fluid white blood cell count > 7500/microL (7500 x 10(6)/L) and a glucose level of < 10 mg/dL were not found in any case of chemical meningitis. The clinical setting and clinical manifestations were distinct enough that no antibiotic was administered after lumbar puncture to 30 (43%) of the 70 patients with postoperative meningitis. Chemical meningitis was infrequent after surgery involving the spine and sinuses. Patients with chemical meningitis did not have purulent wound drainage or significant wound erythema or tenderness, coma, new focal neurological findings, or onset of a new seizure disorder. They rarely had temperatures > 39.4 degrees C or cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea or otorrhea.  (+info)

Delayed posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSFr) without meningitis is considered to be relatively rare. However, even years after trauma, recurrence or delayed onset of CSFr and meningitis due to CSFr are possible. In this article, a case of delayed CSFr from the sphenoid sinus without meningitis three years after the transfacial gunshot wound is reported. Plain high-resolution computed tomography sections through the sphenoid sinus showed a bone defect at the roof with CSF-density fluid extending into the sphenoid sinus. Arachnoid membrane herniation into the sphenoid sinus was found and site of CSF fistula confirmed during the surgery. Skull base defect was reconstructed through an endoscopic approach without any complications and the patient was followed up for 12 months without recurrence. The cause, timing, clinical course and location of CSFr make this an apparently unique case. Patients with a skull base defect without CSFr should be closely followed up and may need further ...
ABUABARA, Allan. Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea: diagnosis and management. Med. oral patol. oral cir.bucal (Internet) [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.5, pp.397-400. ISSN 1698-6946.. A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea occurs when there is a fistula between the dura and the skull base and discharge of CSF from the nose. CSF rhinorrhea or liquorrhoea commonly occurs following head trauma (fronto-basal skull fractures), as a result of intracranial surgery, or destruction lesions. A spinal fluid leak from the intracranial space to the nasal respiratory tract is potentially very serious because of the risk of an ascending infection which could produce fulminant meningitis. This article reviewed the causes, diagnosis and treatment of CSF leakage. A PUBMED search of the National Library of Medicine was conducted. CSF leak most commonly occurs following trauma and the majority of cases presenting within the first three months. CSF rhinorrhoea have significantly greater incidence of periorbital haematoma. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. T2 - Prevalence of multiple simultaneous skull base defects. AU - Lieberman, Seth M.. AU - Chen, Si. AU - Jethanamest, Daniel. AU - Casiano, Roy R.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Background: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are caused by intracranial hypertension. Given this underlying etiology, patients may be at risk for developing multiple skull base defects. Objective: The purpose of our study is to present the prevalence of multiple simultaneous skull base defects in patients with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review in a tertiary care practice of 44 consecutive patients with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea who underwent endoscopic repair by the senior author (R.R.C.) to determine the prevalence of having multiple simultaneous skull base defects identified at the time of surgery. We defined this as two or more bony defects identified endoscopically with intact intervening bone with or without ...
MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / epidemiology. Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / physiopathology. Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / prevention & control. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / anatomy & histology. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / pathology. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / surgery. Ethmoid Bone / anatomy & histology. Ethmoid Bone / pathology. Ethmoid Bone / surgery. Female. Frontal Bone / anatomy & histology. Frontal Bone / surgery. Frontal Lobe / injuries. Frontal Lobe / physiopathology. Frontal Lobe / surgery. Humans. Male. Microsurgery / methods. Microsurgery / standards. Microsurgery / statistics & numerical data. Middle Aged. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Neurosurgical Procedures / standards. Neurosurgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data. Optic Nerve / anatomy & histology. Optic Nerve / surgery. Optic Nerve Injuries / epidemiology. Optic Nerve Injuries / physiopathology. Optic Nerve Injuries / prevention & control. Preoperative Care / methods. Preoperative Care / ...
A spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak (SCSFL) is a medical condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) held in and around the human brain and spinal cord leaks out of the surrounding protective dural sac, for no apparent reason. The dura, a tough, inflexible tissue, is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges, the system of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. A spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak is one of several types of cerebrospinal fluid leaks and occurs due to the presence of one or more holes in the dura. A spontaneous CSF leak, as opposed to traumatically caused CSF leaks, arises idiopathically. A loss of CSF greater than its rate of production leads to a decreased volume inside the skull known as intracranial hypotension. Any CSF leak is most often characterized by orthostatic headaches - headaches that worsen in a vertical position and improve when lying down. Other symptoms can include neck pain or stiffness, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, and a ...
CSF rhinorrhoea refers to the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Measures of CSF components such as glucose have been used in the past, but are neither sensitive nor specific; beta-2 transferrin, however, has been shown to have a high positive predictive value. It has also been noted to be characterized by unilateral discharge. It is a sign of basal skull fracture. Management includes watchful waiting - leaks often stop spontaneously; if this does not occur then neurosurgical closure is necessary to prevent the spread of infection to the meninges. Other signs of basal skull fracture includes CSF otorrhoea (drainage of CSF through the ear). It can have devastating complications in some patients, as the communication between the nasal cavity and the cerebrospinal fluid and CNS can result in bacterial infections of the CNS that can have catastrophic effects on the patient. CSF rhinorrhoea can also be a symptom of a pituitary adenoma.[citation needed] Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. The ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis. AU - Marenco-Hillembrand, Lina. AU - Alvarez-Elcoro, Salvador. AU - Olomu, Osarenoma U.. AU - Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo. AU - Gupta, Vivek. AU - Gonzalez-Estrada, Alexei. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073064752&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073064752&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.09.019. DO - 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.09.019. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:85073064752. JO - Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. JF - Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. SN - 2213-2198. ER - ...
Find Best Csf Rhinorrhoea Repair Surgery in Harish mukherjee road, Kolkata. 365Doctor.in are providing Top 10 Csf Rhinorrhoea Repair Surgery in Harish Mukherjee Road, Kolkata. Doctor reviews its helpful for you.
Jean-Baptiste Oudart, Laure Zucchini, François-Xavier Maquart, Xavier Dubernard, Marc Labrousse, et al.. Tau protein as a possible marker of cerebrospinal fluid leakage in cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea: A pilot study. Biochemia Medica, 2017, 27 (3), ⟨10.11613/BM.2017.030703⟩. ⟨hal-02183178⟩ ...
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak syndrome (SCSFLS) is a medical condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) held in and around a human brain and spinal cord leaks out of the surrounding protective sac, the dura, for no apparent reason. The dura, a tough, inflexible tissue, is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges, the system of meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord. (The other two meningeal layers are the pia mater and the arachnoid mater). A spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak is one of several types of cerebrospinal fluid leaks and occurs due to the presence of one or more holes in the dura. A spontaneous CSF leak, as opposed to traumatically caused CSF leaks, arises idiopathically. A loss of CSF greater than its rate of production leads to a decreased volume inside the skull known as intracranial hypotension. A CSF leak is most often characterized by a severe and disabling headache and a spectrum of various symptoms which occur as a result of ICH. These symptoms ...
1) Perform gadolinium enhanced brain and spine MRI in all patients with suspected spontaneous CSF hypovolemia.. 2) Forego blind EBP and perform myelography with the intention of pursuing targeted EBP in patients with either moderate or greater amount of disability, acute angles of brain sag or ,4 brain MRI abnormalities.. ...
Cerebrospinal fluid leak: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on cerebrospinal fluid leak at PatientsLikeMe. 83 patients with cerebrospinal fluid leak experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Cerebral spinal fluid leak repair, Acetaminophen (Paracetamol), Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine, Chiropractic Therapy, and Cranial Titanium Implant to treat their cerebrospinal fluid leak and its symptoms.
Adventures in cerebrospinal fluid leakage: part 6 (conclusion?)Part 6 in a series about my wifes spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak condition. See part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4, part 5.TL;DR  My wifes central nervous system (CNS) spontaneously sprang a leak two years ago. - Latter-day Saint Blogs is a portal for mainstream blogs about The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, blogs by mainstream church members on topics other than the Church, and syndicated content from official Church websites.
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks of the temporal bone are uncommon conditions, but with increasing incidence in the last years. They represent the osteodural defect of the middle and posterior fossae floor with consequent communication between the subarachnoid space and the middle ear and mastoid cells, not associated with a history of trauma, chronic infections, tumors, surgery or irradiation. Physiopathogenesis is not well defined, being associated with the faulty development of the temporal bone and/or the presence of aberrant arachnoid granulations, in addition to being favored by idiopathic intracranial hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea and obesity. It has the potential for serious neurological complications, which is why surgical treatment is recommended. The main approaches involve transmastoid access and craniotomy access through the middle fossa, or a combination of both. This paper reports on a case attended at Grupo Santa Casa BH and performs a literature review and on aspects
rhinorrhoea (ry-nŏ-ree-ă) n. a persistent watery mucous discharge from the nose, as in the common cold. Source for information on rhinorrhoea: A Dictionary of Nursing dictionary.
In April 2014, Lisa Jamieson developed a spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak that left her bedbound for months, resulting in her dropping out of her studies temporarily. Lisa was diagnosed with hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS), a connective tissue disorder. With her pharmaceutical background and knowledge gleaned from her MSc in Nutritional Medicine, Lisa experimented with her diet and discovered first-hand the role that nutrition and lifestyle play in the management of her condition.. Now on the cusp of ground-breaking research, Lisa is working towards a clinical research study into the benefits of nutrition on hEDS.. The Surrey Alumni team spoke with Lisa to find out how she overcame her illness and used it as a spring-board for her pioneering research.. What initially attracted you to Surrey?. The main thing was the course. When I first decided to study nutrition, the MSc in Nutritional Medicine at Surrey happened to be one of the first courses I came across. When it said it was ...
Battle s sign CSF Rhinorrhoea Panda eyes Nasopharyngeal airway insertion is contraindicated in base of skull fracture, signs of which include Battles sign (bruising over the mastoid area), Panda eyes (periorbital bruising), CSF rhinorrhoea as well as bleeding from the ears and cranial nerve signs - ProProfs Discuss
Online Doctor Chat - Traumatic brain injury, cerebrospinal fluid leak done, right side body is weak, can this CSF leak recur ?, any impacts after recovery?., Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Brain injury, Online doctor patient chat conversation by Dr. Prasad
Background: In the era of surgical resident work hour restrictions, the traditional apprenticeship model may provide fewer hours for neurosurgical residents to hone technical skills. Spinal dura mater closure or repair is 1 skill that is infrequently encountered, and persistent cerebrospinal fluid leaks are a potential morbidity. Objective: To establish an educational curriculum to train…
Valley ENT specializes in Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks disorders. Contact the top doctors of Valley ENT today! Locations are in Phoenix, Scottsdale, and Tucson areas.
A total of 27 patients were included in the analysis. The median age was 8 years. Nineteen (70%) patients were male. Presellar, sellar/postsellar, and conchal sphenoid pneumatizations were found in 6, 11, and 10 patients, respectively. There was no significant association between sphenoid pneumatization pattern and extent of resection (gross vs. subtotal, P = .414), postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak (P = .450), intraoperative estimated blood loss (P = .098), total operative time (P = .540), and length of stay (P = .336). On multivariate analysis, after accounting for age, sex, preoperative cranial nerve involvement, and cavernous sinus invasion, there remained no significant association between sphenoid pneumatization pattern and extent of resection (P = .999) and postoperative CSF leak (P = .959).. ...
Rhinorrhea is especially common during winter months and certain low temperature seasons. Cold-induced rhinorrhea occurs due to a combination of thermodynamics and the bodys natural reactions to cold weather stimuli. One of the purposes of nasal mucus is to warm inhaled air to body temperature as it enters the body. In order for this to happen, the nasal cavities must be constantly coated with liquid mucus. During cold, dry seasons, the mucus lining nasal passages tends to dry out, meaning that mucous membranes must work harder, producing more mucus to keep the cavity lined. As a result, the nasal cavity can fill up with mucus. At the same time, when air is exhaled, water vapor in breath condenses as the warm air meets the colder outside temperature near the nostrils. This causes an excess amount of water to build up inside nasal cavities. In these cases, the excess fluid usually spills out externally through the nostrils.[6]. ...
If these items didnt hit your alert button-then consider this: about 20% of all episodes of acute illness leading to medical attention requiring at least one day of restricted activity were due to upper respiratory infection. The major result of URI is a runny nose (rhinorrhea), along with an urgent wish I were dead feeling.. Now just because you have a runny nose doesnt necessarily mean you have a head cold; there are a lot of other things that can cause rhinorrhea. Allergies are the first things that come to mind, seasonal, due to pollens, and perennial rhinitis due to dusts and molds.. Other frequently found causes are vasomotor in origin; such as certain drugs (reserpine, prazosin, Hitrin, cocaine abuse); abuse of nose drops (rhinitis medicamentosa); and psychological causes (anger, sexual arousal). Vasomotor means affecting the constriction and dilatation of small blood vessels, which, in turn, causes the swelling and shrinkage of the mucosal lining of the nose and sinuses.. Hormonal ...
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Cerebrospinal fluid collection is a test to view the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Read about CSF leak symptoms, diagnosis and treatments
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Unfortunately, within a week, my wifes condition had pretty much relapsed to where it was before we undertook the trip. My wife is apparently among the 10% for whom the procedures didnt work well. To top it off, the bills for the treatment amount to around $100K. The rate allowed by the insurance is closer to 40% of that. Nobody really pays the exorbitant list price. Its just part of the dumb pricing game played by the medical industry. Our portion of the allowed amount is plenty, but Im glad we have insurance, even if they do play pricing games ...
Congestion, sneezing, rhinorrhea, and pruritus symptom scores for controls and patients with NARES, before and after NSNPT with histamine. Data are presented as
Spinal fluid leak can occur due to traumatic injury or disease, but is usually the result of a complication linked to back surgery. Learn why so many postoperative patients suffer CSF leaks, how these leaks can be effectively treated and what consequences might occur.
Influenza infection is characterised by upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms of rhinorrhoea, cough, fever, chills, headache, and myalgia. Typically presents in winter season. Can occur in local community outbreaks, epidemics, and, rarely, pandemics. Vaccination for prevention is available.
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An individual with recent onset of an influenza-like illness (ILI), which may include fever ≥380C PLUS ONE OR MORE of the following acute respiratory symptoms (sore throat, rhinorrhoea / nasal congestion, cough or other signs part of the respiratory complex, myalgia, diarrhoea ).
Duncan James, of UK pop band Blue and now popular TV soap Hollyoaks, talks about his recent struggles with a cerebrospinal fluid leak following surgery.. Leaks can be spontaneous, iatrogenic or follow trauma. Conservative estimates show that spontaneous leaks alone affect 5 in 100,000 people, while many more than that develop them following surgery, lumbar punctures, epidurals etc.. CSF leaks are not as rare as many believe.. You can read the story here: www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/duncan-james-spinal-fluid-coming-8577372. ...
Greg Phillpotts (not pictured) thought he had a chronic runny nose, but it was really a cerebrospinal fluid leak. Shutterstock After years of dealing
Side effects and risk factors associated with a morphine pump include cerebrospinal fluid leak, recurrence or continuation of pain, bleeding or injury to blood vessels, infections and complications...
Administer PPSV at least 8 weeks after the last dose of PCV to children aged 2 years or older with certain underlying medical conditions like anatomic or functional asplenia (including sickle cell disease), HIV infection, cochlear implant or cerebrospinal fluid leak ...
Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Approach to the Patient With Nasal and Pharyngeal Symptoms from the Professional Version of the Merck Manuals.
WASHINGTON - A COVID-19 nasal swab test ruptured the lining at the base of a US womans skull, causing cerebrospinal fluid to leak from her nose and putting her at risk of brain infection, doctors reported in a medical journal Thursday.
This article explains how a Craniotomy method was done to remove some NF2 tumors and explains how an IV drain was put in place to drain the Cerebrospinal-Fluid (CSF), to prevent a CSF leak following surgery.
http://www.fonar.com/news/pdf/PCP41_damadian.pdf This is from the upright MRI study, but I thought we could look at it directly without concern about what the cause of the CSF leaks is. (The upright MRI study postulated it is due to CSF abnormalities resulting ...
7 Answers (question resolved) - Posted in: claritin, singulair, zyrtec, rhinorrhea - Answer: I take Zytec and it has helped me alot. I too dont like ...
ETYMOLOGY: The word is coined so that one is forced to use all three -- ear, nose, and throat -- to be able to pronounce it. Either that, or its from Greek oto- (ear) + rhino- (nose) + laryngo- (larynx) + -logy (study). Earliest documented use: 1900. Also, see rhinorrhea ...
The child has had some mild rhinorrhea this week, with tactile fever yesterday. The girl has had no vomiting or change in appetite, intake, or output. She has had no rash or inconsolability. Her mother brought her in to her pediatrician today because two days ago she was given DPT vaccine, and now with todays events she is convinced that her doctor has made her baby brain damaged ...
The Johns Hopkins Sinus Center provides state-of-the-art care to patients with sinus and allergy disorders including treatment of CFS leaks.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Management of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea. AU - Kutz, Joe Walter. AU - Husain, Inna Athar. AU - Isaacson, Brandon. AU - Roland, Peter S.. PY - 2008/12/1. Y1 - 2008/12/1. N2 - To describe the surgical approaches and materials used to repair spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea of temporal bone origin. Study Design: Retrospective case review at a tertiary academic medical center. Methods: All patients presenting with spontaneous CSF otorrhea or rhinorrhea over a consecutive 8-year period were included. Clinic charts and operative reports were reviewed to obtain the clinical presentation, examination findings, diagnostic test results, intraoperative findings, operative technique, and postoperative followup. Surgical approach and materials used for repair were determined by the location of the defect(s) and surgeon preference. Results: Seventeen patients underwent 19 operations for repair of spontaneous CSF otorrhea or rhinorrhea. The mean age was 61 years and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea from tegmen tympani defect caused by an arachnoid cyst - A case report. AU - Wang, Hsiang Kuan. AU - Lo, Wen Cheng. AU - Chang, Chih Ju. AU - Huang, Yung Chien. AU - Wang, Pa Chun. PY - 2005/2. Y1 - 2005/2. N2 - Adult-onset cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea is usually associated with a herniation of brain tissue, or meninges as a consequence of surgery or temporal bone trauma. Spontaneous CSF leakage is a rare condition. Spontaneous CSF leakage from the tegmen tympani caused by an arachnoid cyst has not been reported in the literature. We present a unique case in which an infra-temporal arachnoid cyst eroded the tegmen tympani that caused conductive hearing loss, CSF otorrhea, and repealed meningitis. Surgical management involved marsupilization of cyst and sealing the dura fistula while preserving ossicles through a middle cranial fossa approach.. AB - Adult-onset cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea is usually associated with a herniation ...
Spontaneous CSF leaks are most commonly found in the thoracic spine followed by the cervicothoracic junction [3,7]. Our patient demonstrated a diffuse CSF leak at almost every level of his cervical and thoracic spines, most severe at the right C4-7 nerve roots (Figure 3). Once a diagnosis of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak had been established, further questioning elicited that he did not have any traumatic events except for an extremely strong cough. This increased his intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, and intracranial pressures. Due to his rapidly declining mental status, it became necessary to place bilateral subdural drains, as it appeared that the bilateral subdural hematomas were the cause of his decline. The drains were kept to gravity in order not to propagate a continued negative pressure. The drains were removed after five days following the patients gradual improvement in neurologic exam.. Currently, there is limited consensus on the treatment approach for SIH complicated ...
As a membership organisation, we rely heavily on the fantastic support and generous encouragement of our supporters in the work that we do. Without this dedicated help, we could not function and would be unable to continue to raise awareness of cerebrospinal fluid leaks and push for positive change.. Whether youre an individual or an organisation, based in the UK or further afield, if you share our aims and objectives and benefit from the work that we do, why not join us and get involved?. You can join us online or by post. Find out more here: www.csfleak.info/membership. ...
Anterolateral thigh free flap- largest size flap till date in lateral skull base defect reconstruction: an interesting case report
Dr. Calhoun Cunningham III performs a repair of a cerebrospinal fluid leak into the mastoid cavity by way of a middle fossa craniotomy. His novel use of bone and fascia grafts allows for autologous closure ...
Cerebrospinal fluid leak repair surgery is performed to repair the rupture in the dura. Know about brain surgery offered at NeuroSpine Institute in Palmdale, Encino CA.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Response to Postural Headaches Due to Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage Through Subarachnoid-Pleural Fistula. T2 - A Case Report. AU - Lin, Sheng Feng. AU - Weng, Hsing Yu. PY - 2017/4/1. Y1 - 2017/4/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016496760&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016496760&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/head.13045. DO - 10.1111/head.13045. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:85016496760. VL - 57. SP - 667. JO - Headache. JF - Headache. SN - 0017-8748. IS - 4. ER - ...
There is frequently a need for dural grafts to cover defects resulting from retraction, shrinkage, or excision following neurosurgical procedures. Several materials have been evaluated both experimentally and clinically, and then discarded. Collagen, in its various forms, continues to be an area of intense interest. In this study the authors examined the suitability of collagen sponge to effect dural repair.. In a 5-year clinical study 102 collagen sponge implants were examined macroscopically and histologically. Graft encapsulation, neomembrane formation, delayed hemorrhage, and foreign body reactions were not found. The porous nature of the collagen sponge encouraged fibroblastic ingrowth and dural repair. Meningocerebral adhesions were present in 11 patients, all of whom had required significant cortical resection or had pia-arachnoid disruption during the initial surgery. Inflammatory cells were seen only in response to infection.. Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks developed in only ...
Rhinological conditions: Alar Collapse, Deviated Nasal Septum, Fractured Nasal Bones, Nasal Allergy, Nasal Deformities, Nasal Polyps, Sinusitis , Skull-base disorders (e.g. CSF Rhinorrhoea), Tumours of Nose and Sinuses, Watery Eyes (Epiphora). Rhinology Surgery: Alar battens surgery, Balloon Sinuplasty, Endoscopic Dacryo-cystorhinostomy (surgery for watery eyes with blocked tear ducts), Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Nasal Polypectomy, Septoplasty, Septorhinoplasty (nose reshaping), Endoscopic tumour resections. Otology, Head and Neck and General ENT: Ear infections, Hearing loss, Balance problems, Tonsillitis and Sore throats, Neck lumps, Disorders of Voice and Swallowing Surgical procedures: Adenoidectomy, Grommet insertions, Tonsillectomy, Endoscopy, Tympanoplasty. ...
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Encephalocele is a rare type of neural tube defect (NTD) present at birth that affects the brain. The neural tube is a narrow channel that folds and closes during the third and fouth weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord.
RESULTS: Over 5 years, 46 patients (average age, 51 years) with 56 spontaneous CSF leaks were treated by a single otolaryngologist. Twenty-one subjects presented with recurrence of their CSF leak following previous endoscopic and/or open approaches by other physicians. Obesity was present in 78% of individuals (average BMI, 35.6). Fifty-two CSF leaks (93%) were successfully repaired at first attempt. With secondary repair, all CSF leaks were closed at last clinical follow-up (average, 93 weeks). Three patients developed late failures (,2 months), with one recurrence at a distinct location from the primary site at 8 months postprocedure (associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure). Opening pressures via lumbar puncture averaged 24.3 ± 8.3 cm H2 0, which increased significantly to 32.3 ± 9.0 cm H2 0 (P , .0001) following closure of the skull base defect(s). Management of intracranial hypertension included acetazolamide (n = 23) or permanent CSF diversion (n = 19, including five revisions ...
Endoscopic repair of the CSF leak from the cribriform plate being carried out.The middle turbinate is resected to provide adequate working space A mucosal graft is tucked into the defect after freshening the edges ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Closed continuous drainage of cerebrospinal fluid via a lumbar subarachnoid catheter for treatment or prevention of cranial/spinal cerebrospinal fluid fistula. AU - Shapiro, Scott. AU - Scully, T.. PY - 1992. Y1 - 1992. N2 - One hundred and seven patients who had a lumbar subarachnoid catheter (teflon or silicone) placed for closed continuous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage between 1983-1991 are presented. Overall, the drain was successful in achieving the desired goal in 101 of 107 (94%) cases. There were no deaths. Five of 107 (5%) patients developed infections including two cases (2%) of meningitis. There were three cases (3%) of overdrainage with temporary neurologic decline, but all recovered. Five of fifteen (33%) teflon catheters required replacement because of occlusion, but only 5 of 92 (5%) silicone catheters required replacement. Transient lumbar nerve root irritation was seen in 15 of 107 (14%) patients treated for a CSF fistula, and all symptoms resolved after ...
CSF, Cerebrospinal fluid leak: A more rare, although sometimes expected, result of surgery is drainage from the nose of a clear, watery liquid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is a normal fluid that surrounds the brain. Large pituitary tumors lean up against a membrane that separates this fluid space from the nose, and a CSF leak may occur if this membrane is absent or opened during surgery. The surgeon will generally recognize a CSF leak when it occurs and will repair the leak by placing a small amount of abdominal fat over the leak. The patient may awake from surgery and find that it was necessary for the surgeon to place a small tube in the lower back to allow CSF to drain into a bag and help the leak to seal. The tube is placed while the patient is still under anesthesia, and it is not painful while in place. The tube (about 3 millimeters in diameter) will remain in the lower back for 3-5 days and the patient will be kept in the hospital during this period. After the tube is removed ...
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A system for remote quantitative detection of fluid leaks from a natural gas or oil pipeline by use of an airborne platform; including at least one laser light source for nearly simultaneous illuminating two or more target fluids and a background, wherein the two or more target fluids are characterized by two or more absorption wavelengths, and wherein the background has a different wavelength than either of the two or more target fluids. The illumination source is pointed based on a positioning system while in a geometric area along a path two or more target fluids are scanned for using the illumination sources. A signal detector detects the two or more target fluids using quantitative signal processing. Also included are a controller, a path planning and path finding tool for the positioning of the airborne platform, and a communicator for communicating the presence of the detected leak.
Fracture of the Cribriform Plate (Cribiform Plate Fracture): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis.
Information on the cribriform plate by the AnatomyZone daily feed. Subscribe to learn interesting facts about the human body every day.
If we have a pt that is having a laminectomy of the Lumbar region and the suregeon creates a tear in the dura and has to repair it can he charge a 637
Dr. Calhoun Cunningham III performs a repair of a cerebrospinal fluid leak into the mastoid cavity by way of a middle fossa craniotomy. His novel use of bone and fascia grafts allows for autologous closure ...
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Factorii papilloma of nasal cavity hpv and sinus cancer cei mai frecvent incriminati sunt expunerea la rumegus, nichel, hidrocarburi volatile si fumatul. This is the reason why the authors wish to illustrate the need of using an approach that will ensure a proper management of any kind of complications that can occur during surgery, specific to these tumors bleeding, cerebrospinal fluid leak.
In addition to the seasonal and H1N1 flu vaccines, the pneumococcal vaccination is a good idea for those with health conditions that put them at higher risk for complications and illness, said State Health Commissioner Karen Remley, M.D., MBA.. In a typical, non-pandemic year, most serious pneumococcal infections occur in people age 65 and older. But in the 2009 flu pandemic, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports an increase in pneumococcal infections in younger persons.. Most of those with high-risk conditions for pneumococcal disease are also at high risk for severe complications from influenza. The CDC recommends pneumococcal vaccination for all people 65 years of age and older and for persons 2 through 64 years of age with certain high-risk conditions. Risk factors include cardiovascular or lung disease, sickle cell disease, diabetes, alcoholism, chronic liver disease, cerebrospinal fluid leak, a cochlear implant, a weakened immune system due to illnesses such as ...
Severe fractures of the orbital roof often are associated with fractures of the forehead combined with brain injury and dural tears with cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Unilateral lacrimal gland destruction may be caused by fracture of roof of Orbit. ...
Ankara Numune Hastanesi 1. Beyin Cerrahi Kliniği 44 cases of pneumocephalus diagnosed by CT are presented. CT scans revealed intracranial single air bubbles or air pockets in 39 patients (88.6 %). The remaining 5 patients had pneumatoceles (11.3 %). Head trauma is the most common cause of pneumocephalus (77.3 %). Traumatic pneumocephalus is assodated with rhinorrhea and otorrhea in 73.5 % of cases and with laterobasal and frontobasallineer fractures in 67.7 % of cases. The mortality of the pneumocephalus secondary to head trauma generally depends on additional pathological conditions like subdural. epidural. intracerebral hematomas or diffuse brain lesions. CT scan has an unique value in detecting very small amount of intracranial air. Anahtar Kelimeler : CT scans, Head trauma, Pneumocephalus ...
I have head pressure (no actual headache, pressure primarily builds between/above nose bridge and at temples), instability/vertigo, brainfog, and exhaustion that is only relieved by lying down flat. But Im also wondering if these other symptoms could be attributed to a CSF leak: (1) Strange fluid flow sensations in head at night, e.g. on top (2) Heat/burning sensation in back of neck and sometimes back of head, often as a precursor to the standard CSF Leak symptoms outlined above
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Patient Presentation An 11-year-old female came to clinic with a hacking cough for the past 4 days. It was bothering her during the day and night. She had no rhinorrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting or shortness of breath. Overall she just didnt feel well but was attending school and doing her sports activities. She had multiple…
1 Answer - Posted in: rhinorrhea, levothyroxine, antihistamine, nose - Answer: You can take whatever works for you just dont take it until at least ...
Patient Presentation A 3-year-old male came to clinic with a history of a barky, seal-like cough the previous night. He had had some rhinorrhea for 2 days but was afebrile. He had awoken with the cough and tachypnea. His parents took him into the bathroom and used a humidifier and shower mist with good results.…
Online Doctor Chat - Medication for difficulty in swallowing, Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Rhinorrhea, Online doctor patient chat conversation by Dr. Prasad
A 3-year old boy scheduled for bilateral myringotomy and tubes has clear rhinorrhea and a temperature of 39 degrees centigrade orally.. 1. Do you proceed, or cancel the case?. 2. You proceed with the case. Will you intubate? Why or why not?. 3. Would the presence of a productive cough influence your decision on whether or not to proceed?. ...
Buy Osiren Online! Osiren is used to treat fluid retention (oedema) caused by liver disease, kidney problems or heart failure. This makes you feel breathless or your legs feel puffy. Oedema occurs when fluid leaks out of your blood vessels, causing swelling in the tissues of your lungs, feet or ankles.
Isnt is interesting that it is the little things in life that really make this journey worthwhile? Each of us has different ideas of what a little thing is in our lives, but each of us can find something we are grateful for. I found myself dwelling on the idea of little things today and how wonderful they make life... and also confound it. How many times have we found our focus moved to a little thing- a small fluid leak from our cars, a short temporary illness, a small want that isnt fulfilled- in such a way that we are unable to fully and clearly focus on the really big things in our life. Sometimes a little thing is vastly important or becomes so... and sometimes we find that it was truly something that we could have ignored and wasted too much of our limited time on. It really is the little things that can bind and bring us joy ...
Can cancer become an infectious disease? Usually with think of cancer as limited to the individual in whom the cancer formed. But what if cancerous cells could infect other individuals.. Here is a link to a story on the sad case of what happens when cancer learns to infect more than one individual: BBC News - Cull cannot save Tasmanian devil. Tasmanian facial tumor disease is passed from on Tasmanian devil to another. Usually we think of communicable diseases as being caused by bacteria or viruses but in this case the communicable disease is caused by cells of a cancerous tumor. When Tasmanian Devils bite each other during disputes they transmit the cells of the tumor to one another which then grow to the point that it interferes with their ability to see or eat causing their death.. This cancer has been the subject of quite a bit of study because the cancer cells seem to go unnoticed by the infected animal. There are many questions about how the cancer cells get around the immune system of ...
... cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSF leaking from the nose) or from the ears (cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea); periorbital ... and brain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsations in the underlying leptomeningeal cystic mass. A cranial burst skull fracture, ... a craniocerebral erosion or leptomeningeal cyst due to the usual development of a cystic mass filled with cerebrospinal fluid ...
Dramatic radiographic response resulting in cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea associated with sunitinib therapy in recurrent ... "Dramatic radiographic response resulting in cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea associated with sunitinib therapy in recurrent ...
Syed, BA (2000). "Nontraumatic (spontaneous) cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea from cribriform fistula associated with primary ... "Lorenzo's Oil (1992)". Ommaya, AK (1963). "Subcutaneus reservoir and pump for sterile access to ventricular cerebrospinal fluid ... Ommaya, AK; DiChiro, G; Baldwin, M; Pennybacker, JB (1968). "Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea". J. Neurol. ... Spinal fluid driven artificial organ. United States Patent and Trademark Office. Patent number: 5385582. Jan 31, 1995 Doppman, ...
... and cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea and otorrhea. Because brain injuries can be life-threatening, even people with apparently ... Symptoms of skull fracture can include: leaking cerebrospinal fluid (a clear fluid drainage from nose, mouth or ear) is ... This can include sedation, paralytics, cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Second-line alternatives include decompressive ... CT scans can show brain bleeds, fractures of the skull, fluid build up in the brain that will lead to increased cranial ...
... cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea MeSH C23.888.592.264 - cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea MeSH C23.888.592.298 - decerebrate state ...
... with associated cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. The usual surgery used to treat severe craniofacial injury occurs in three ...
... cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea MeSH C10.900.300.153 - cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea MeSH C10.900.300.175 - coma, post-head ...
Raccoon eyes - bruising around the eyes, i.e. "black eyes" Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea Cranial nerve palsy Bleeding ( ... A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak occurs in about 20% of cases and can result in fluid leaking from the nose or ear. Meningitis ... Evidence does not support the use of preventive antibiotics regardless of the presence of a cerebrospinal fluid leak. Non- ...
... cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea MeSH C21.866.260.207 - cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea MeSH C21.866.260.222 - coma, post-head ... cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea MeSH C21.866.915.300.300 - cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea MeSH C21.866.915.300.350 - coma, post- ...
This rupture can cause the nasal cavity to fill with cerebrospinal fluid. This condition, known as cerebrospinal fluid ... Rhinorrhea or rhinorrhoea is the free discharge of a thin nasal mucus fluid. The condition, commonly known as a runny nose, ... The buildup of fluid is usually resolved via mucus expulsion through the nostrils. If caused by a head injury, rhinorrhea can ... In these cases, the excess fluid usually spills out externally through the nostrils. Rhinorrhea can be a symptom of other ...
"Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: Diagnosis and Management". Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 38 (4): 597-611. doi: ... CSF rhinorrhoea refers to the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Measures of CSF components such as glucose have ... the cerebrospinal fluid and the central nervous system can result in bacterial infections of the latter that can have ... CSF rhinorrhoea can also be a symptom of a pituitary adenoma.[citation needed] Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. The most common ...
Demonstration of the site of a cerebrospinal fluid leak (postlumbar puncture headache, postspinal surgery headache, rhinorrhea ...
This rupture can cause the nasal cavity to fill with cerebrospinal fluid. This condition, known as cerebrospinal fluid ... Main article: Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea. If caused by a head injury, rhinorrhea can be a much more serious condition. A ... Rhinorrhea or rhinorrhoea is a condition where the nasal cavity is filled with a significant amount of mucus fluid. The ... Rhinorrhea is especially common during winter months and certain low temperature seasons. Cold-induced rhinorrhea occurs due to ...
... cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSF leaking from the nose) or from the ears (cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea); periorbital ... and brain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsations in the underlying leptomeningeal cystic mass.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] ... due to the usual development of a cystic mass filled with cerebrospinal fluid is a rare complication of head injury usually ...
An NMR study has also found detectable levels of MSM normally present in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, suggesting that it ... Daily use at 3g decreased allergy-associated symptoms, including itchy eyes, itchy nose, watery eyes, rhinorrhea, sneezing, and ... "Dimethyl sulfone in human cerebrospinal fluid and blood plasma confirmed by one-dimensional (1)H and two-dimensional (1)H-(13)C ...
腦脊液或腦脊髓液(Cerebrospinal fluid)是充滿在腦部內顱骨與大腦皮質之間的蛛網膜下腔的透明體液,準確的來說是位於腦膜的蛛網膜和軟腦膜之間。它是一種含有微神經膠細
... and cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea and otorrhea.. Because brain injuries can be life-threatening, even people with apparently ... leaking cerebrospinal fluid (a clear fluid drainage from nose, mouth or ear) is strongly indicative of basilar skull fracture ... This can include sedation, paralytics, cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Second line alternatives include decompressive ... CT scans can show brain bleeds, fractures of the skull, fluid build up in the brain that will lead to increased cranial ...
Results: 41 patients, 35 females and 6 males, presented with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea with a mean BMI of 38 ± 4.16 Kg/m2. The ... We prospectively managed patients with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea who were admitted to our hospital between 1st of January 2014 ... measuring the ICT at the same setting of the endoscopic repair has a better result for control of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. ... The exact pathophysiology of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is not always understood in some patients. Idiopathic intracranial ...
"Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, Medicine" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea Chen, Guang Yong; Ma, Long; Xu, Mei Ling ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. Chen, Guang Yong; Ma, Long; Xu, Mei Ling; Zhang, Jin Nan; He, Zhi Dong; He, Cheng ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is often treated by surgery, and a transsphenoidal approach repair is the main ...
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (SCSFR) might be the only clinical manifestation of idiopathic intracranial ...
"Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: A case report and analysis: Erratum, Medicine" on DeepDyve, the largest online ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: A case report and analysis: Erratum. Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: A ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: A case report and analysis: Erratum. Add Journal to My Library Medicine , Volume 97 ... Outcomes: No CSF rhinorrhea was observed after the surgery Lessons: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is a rare disease ...
What is "spontaneous" cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea? Classification of cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ... β-Trace Protein as a Marker for Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Erich Arrer, Cem Meco, Gerhard Oberascher, Wolfgang Piotrowski ... β-Trace Protein as a Marker for Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Erich Arrer, Cem Meco, Gerhard Oberascher, Wolfgang Piotrowski ... β-Trace Protein as a Marker for Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Erich Arrer, Cem Meco, Gerhard Oberascher, Wolfgang Piotrowski ...
... rhinorrhea, occurring in the absence of recent trauma, is a distinct clinical entity that can be difficult to diagnose and ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, occurring in the absence of recent trauma, is a distinct clinical entity that ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: evolving concepts in diagnosis and surgical management based on the Mayo Clinic ... Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / etiology * Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / surgery* * Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / adverse ...
What is cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea? Meaning of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea medical term. What does cerebrospinal fluid ... Looking for online definition of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in the Medical Dictionary? cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea ... cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose, usually due to skull fracture. ... Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea , definition of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several ... Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. No results. We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click ...
Bromocriptine or cabergoline-induced cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: A life-threatening complication during management of ...
Unlike other cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)rhinorrhea,the symptoms for spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea are not obvious except for ... rhinorrhea,for this reason,the condition is very easily been ignored by patient ... Unlike other cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)rhinorrhea,the symptoms for spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea are not obvious except for ... Dissertation > Medicine, health > Otorhinolaryngology > Rhinology,nasal disease > Nasal disease > Cerebrospinal fluid ...
Delayed posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSFr) without meningitis is considered to be relatively rare. However, ... high-resolution computed tomography sections through the sphenoid sinus showed a bone defect at the roof with CSF-density fluid ...
Ravi Singh treats a woman suffering with cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. The remedy was... ...
Pseudo-cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea Michael D. Cusimano and Laligam N. Sekhar. ✓ Because of its potentially serious sequelae ... Lacrimation is typically absent ipsilateral to the pseudo-CSF rhinorrhea. It is believed that pseudo-CSF rhinorrhea developed ... cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage following surgery for lesions of the cranial base is given immediate attention by ... "pseudo-CSF rhinorrhea." This syndrome occurs after surgery of the cranial base, usually involving dissection or removal of the ...
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in a patient with Pallister-Hall syndrome Article Sidebar. ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is also a rare condition, and it is used to describe nasal discharge of CSF ... Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in a patient with Pallister-Hall syndrome. Romanian Neurosurgery, 33(3), 305-309. ...
Endoscopic Endonasal Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Ozturk, Ozmen; Polat, Senol; Uneri, Cuneyd ...
Neuroendoscopic Endonasal Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Zheng, Wen-Jian; Zhang, Xie-Jun; Ji, Tao; More ...
Intermittent herniation of brain: A rare cause of intermittent cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea Intermittent herniation of brain ...
RHINORRHEA CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TRAUMA CISTERNOGRAPHY CONTRAST MEDIA BRAIN (VERTEBRATA) COMPUTERIZED PROCESSING FISTULA ... PRECISE ANATOMIC LOCALIZATION OF A TRAUMATIC SPHENOETHMOIDAL CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA BY METRIZAMIDE CT CISTERNOGRAPHY. ... "PRECISE ANATOMIC LOCALIZATION OF A TRAUMATIC SPHENOETHMOIDAL CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA BY METRIZAMIDE CT CISTERNOGRAPHY; ... "PRECISE ANATOMIC LOCALIZATION OF A TRAUMATIC SPHENOETHMOIDAL CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA BY METRIZAMIDE CT CISTERNOGRAPHY; ...
Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea - Manipal experience. Rohit Singh, Produl Hazarika, D. R. Nayak, R. ... Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea - Manipal experience. / Singh, Rohit; Hazarika, Produl; Nayak, D. R.; ... Singh R, Hazarika P, Nayak DR, Balakrishnan R, Hazarika M, Singh A. Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea - ... Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea - Manipal experience. In: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and ...
"Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: Diagnosis and Management". Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 38 (4): 597-611. doi: ... CSF rhinorrhoea refers to the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Measures of CSF components such as glucose have ... the cerebrospinal fluid and the central nervous system can result in bacterial infections of the latter that can have ... CSF rhinorrhoea can also be a symptom of a pituitary adenoma.[citation needed] Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. The most common ...
Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: diangosis and management Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: diangosis ... Humans , Male , Female , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/etiology , Disease Management , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/surgery ... Index: IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) Main subject: Tomography, X-Ray Computed / Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / Disease ... Index: IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) Main subject: Tomography, X-Ray Computed / Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / Disease ...
The aim of this study was to summarize and analyze the outcomes of frontal sinus cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (FS-CSFR) ... Endoscopic management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. Yad Ram Yadav, Vijay Parihar, Narayanan Janakiram … (2016) ... Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea occurs due to communication between the intracranial subarachnoid space and the sinonasal ... The aim of this study was to summarize and analyze the outcomes of frontal sinus cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (FS-CSFR) ...
RE: Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid Rhinorrhea: diagnosis and management RE: Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid Rhinorrhea: ... Index: IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) Main subject: Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / Diagnosis, Differential / Frontal Sinus ... Index: IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) Main subject: Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / Diagnosis, Differential / Frontal Sinus ...
Endoscopic Surgical Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Media type:. Doctor-to-doctor manuals ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak. Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. Pain. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and ... Postdural Puncture Headache Post-Lumbar Puncture Headache Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks Drug: Morphine Drug: Saline ... Sudlow C, Warlow C. Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(2): ... dural puncture and resolves either spontaneously within 1 week or within 48 hours after effective treatment of the spinal fluid ...
Snyder treats Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak (CSF Leak) more than 69% of her peers ... Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Shunt - Insertion, Repair or Removal. *Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak (CSF Leak) ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak (CSF Leak). includes other areas of care:. - Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. ... Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Shunt - Insertion, Repair or Removal. *Craniectomy, Craniotomy, Surgery of Skull Base, Neuroendoscopy ...
A rare case of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea post external dacryocystorhinostomy surgery. This is a temporary file and hence ...
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. *Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. *Hyperthyroidism (Graves disease). *Hypothyroidism ( ...
Surgeon Satisfaction During Endoscopic Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: A Comparison Between Propofol-Remifentanil ... Surgeon Satisfaction During Endoscopic Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: A Comparison Between Propofol-Remifentanil ... Keywords: Cerebrospinal Fluid; Propofol; Remifentanil; Isoflurane; Endoscopy © 2012, Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgical ... Patients and Methods: This study included the endoscopic management of 89 patients with cerebrospinal leakage (CSF leakage) ...
  • Some of the IIH patients might present only with CSF leak symptoms such as rhinorrhea, low tension headaches, or bacterial meningitis. (scirp.org)
  • Interventions: Patient was treated with a transnasal transsphenoidal neuroendoscopic approach surgery for the repair of the cerebrospinal fluid leak. (deepdyve.com)
  • Basal skull fracture may cause tears in the dura, thus allowing cerebrospinal fluid to leak through the nose. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Approximately 90% of CSF leak at the anterior skull base manifests as rhinorrhea and can become life-threatening condition. (scienceopen.com)
  • The headache develops within 5 days after dural puncture and resolves either spontaneously within 1 week or within 48 hours after effective treatment of the spinal fluid leak. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak may occur from the nose ( rhinorrhea ), from the external auditory canal ( otorrhea ), or from a traumatic or operative defect in the skull or spine. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] The fluid leak is a result of meningeal dural and arachnoid laceration with fistula formation. (medscape.com)
  • This coronal magnetic resonance cisternogram demonstrates a left-sided cerebrospinal fluid leak through the cribriform plate (small arrows), which was clinically suspected. (medscape.com)
  • The image also shows a right-sided meningocele (large arrow) protruding through the cribriform plate, which was not suspected but was surgically repaired at the same time as the left cribriform cerebrospinal fluid leak site. (medscape.com)
  • Drops of fluid from a CSF leak placed on absorbent filter paper may result in the double-ring sign, a central circle of blood and an outer clear ring of CSF. (medscape.com)
  • An absorptive sponge pad placed at or near the presumed site of fluid leak can facilitate the collection of the fluid. (medscape.com)
  • Delayed cerebrospinal fluid leak following septoplasty. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We report on the clinical syndrome of delayed cerebrospinal fluid leak following septoplasty. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A review of these 3 cases indicates a characteristic clinical and radiologic presentation and a consistent site of cerebrospinal fluid leak. (biomedsearch.com)
  • All cases presented with cerebrospinal fluid leak 12 to 22 weeks after septoplasty and had slit-shaped dehiscences at the horizontal lamella of the cribriform plate. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Surgical intervention is determined not by the fracture per se but by extent of associated intracranial pathology, cranial nerve deficit, or cerebrospinal fluid leak. (bmj.com)
  • A patient with a history of a unilateral clear rhinorrhea needs to be evaluated for cerebrospinal fluid leak. (aaaai.org)
  • Testing for a CSF leak is appropriate in patients with otorrhea or rhinorrhea, particularly following trauma or surgery. (arupconsult.com)
  • Testing fluid from the ear or nose for β-2 transferrin is the recommended method to assess patients for a CSF leak because this approach is noninvasive as well as highly sensitive and specific. (arupconsult.com)
  • In cases of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, reliable detection of their origins is needed to seal the leak sufficiently and prevent complications, such as meningitis. (jove.com)
  • The origin of the fluid leak is identified in the stapes footplate. (jove.com)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid depletion may be caused by a leak, a shunt, inadequate production or too rapid absorption. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak with meningoencephaloceles in sphenoid sinus lateral recess is challenging. (springermedizin.de)
  • Seven patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak with meningoencephaloceles in the sphenoid sinus lateral recess were included. (springermedizin.de)
  • No cerebrospinal fluid leak recurrences were observed during follow-up period that ranged from 37 to 48 months. (springermedizin.de)
  • Endoscopic endonasal retrograde trans-sphenoid approach provides a wide, safe, and direct route to the management of sphenoid sinus lateral recess cerebrospinal fluid leak. (springermedizin.de)
  • Thorp BD , Sreenath SB, Ebert CS Jr., and Zanation AM. Endoscopic Skull Base Reconstruction: A Review and Clinical Case Series of 152 Vascularized Flaps Utilized for Surgical Skull Base Defects in the Setting of Intraoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak . (unc.edu)
  • Background Cerebrospinal fluid leaks (CSF) result from an abnormal communication between the subarachnoid space and the extracranial space. (scienceopen.com)
  • Trauma causes 70-80% of all cases of CSF rhinorrhea (26) and can lead to transient or permanent CSF leaks. (ispub.com)
  • Delayed cerebrospinal fluid leaks may occur as a consequence of septal surgery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Graded repair of cranial base defects and cerebrospinal fluid leaks in transsphenoidal surgery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, also referred to as CSF fistulas, result from dura mater defects that allow CSF to escape from the intracranial space and into outer areas such as nasal and auricular cavities. (arupconsult.com)
  • How do cerebrospinal fluid leaks present clinically? (arupconsult.com)
  • Should glucose oxidase testing be used for the diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid leaks? (arupconsult.com)
  • Traditional assessment for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks involved testing nasal discharge with glucose oxidase strips (Glucostix). (arupconsult.com)
  • What is the connection between cerebrospinal fluid leaks and connective tissue disorders? (arupconsult.com)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks have been reported in association with heritable connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and can be the first presenting sign of the disease. (arupconsult.com)
  • Mattox DE, Kennedy DW (1990) Endoscopic management of cerebrospinal fluid leaks and cephaloceles. (springermedizin.de)
  • Lopatin AS, Kapitanov DN, Potapov AA (2003) Endonasal endoscopic repair of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks. (springermedizin.de)
  • Carrau RL, Snyderman CH, Kassam AB (2005) The management of cerebrospinal fluid leaks in patients at risk for high-pressure hydrocephalus. (springermedizin.de)
  • The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage from the subarachnoid space (SAS) into the paranasal sinuses and then to the nasal cavity is called CSF rhinorrhea. (scirp.org)
  • Song 2018-02-01 00:00:00 AbstractIntroduction:Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leakage is usually caused by developmental abnormalities and is rare, accounting for approximately 5% of the cases of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. (deepdyve.com)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage occurs mainly as a complication of head injuries or skull-base surgeries, but may also occur spontaneously or as a result of nontraumatic processes such as inflammatory disorders or tumors ( 1 ). (aaccjnls.org)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, classically described as the leakage of CSF from the nose, indicates an opening of arachnoid and dura with an osseous defect leading to a communication of subarachnoid space with the nose (1). (ispub.com)
  • A novel graft material for preventing cerebrospinal fluid leakage in skull base reconstruction: technical note of perifascial areolar tissue. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This can happen due to a leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid from the ventricles through the meningeal membrane. (wikihow.com)
  • Rossi Izquierdoa M, Martin Martin C, Labella Caballero T (2012) Association between cerebrospinal fluid leakage and persistence of sternberg's canal: coincidence or cause? (springermedizin.de)
  • 15, suspected open or depressed skull fracture, sign of fracture at the skull base (raccoon eyes, Battle's sign, hemotympanum, cerebrospinal fluid leakage from the ears or nose), post-traumatic seizure, focal neurological deficit, vomiting, amnesia of events. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • A case of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea developing in a progressively enlarging empty sella is described in which the fistula was successfully obliterated via a transsphenoidal approach. (thejns.org)
  • CSF rhinorrhoea refers to the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hao SP (1996) Transnasal endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea: an interposition technique. (springermedizin.de)
  • After treatment of macroprolactinoma, patients are advised to look out for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Rhinorrhea or rhinorrhoea is a condition where the nasal cavity is filled with a significant amount of mucus fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dunn CJ, Alaani A, Johnson AP (2005) Study on spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea: its aetiology and management. (springermedizin.de)
  • Farahat, A. , Elshitany, H. and Soliman, M. (2020) The Management of Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea in Patients at Risk for Increased Intracranial Tension. (scirp.org)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (SCSFR) might be the only clinical manifestation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), which has been historically related to overweight. (ovid.com)
  • The preferred treatment is excision via a frontal craniotomy approach for those patients whose gliomas have an intracranial connection, for those patients who have cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea , and for those who have recurrent episodes of meningitis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • High-pressure CSF rhinorrhea is mainly caused by tumor obstruction, benign intracranial hypertension or hydrocephalus. (ispub.com)
  • Low intracranial pressure can be caused due to low volume of the cerebrospinal fluid inside the ventricles. (wikihow.com)
  • The clinical picture of low intracranial pressure is a headache with cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (wikihow.com)
  • Intracranial pressure can be due to a tumor in the choroid plexus of the ventricles which is a rare condition This tumor can obstruct the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid between the ventricles. (wikihow.com)
  • Clark D, Bullock P, Hui T, Firth J (1994) Benign intracranial hypertension: a cause of CSF rhinorrhea. (springermedizin.de)
  • CSF rhinorrhea, do not cause spontaneous intracranial hypotension, and presumably then, do not cause orthostatic headaches either. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Occasionally, the distinction can be made by noting the presence of meningitis and/or cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea , either before or after surgical manipulation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Delayed posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSFr) without meningitis is considered to be relatively rare. (erdogan.edu.tr)
  • Immediate cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea and subsequent meningitis and pneumocephalus occurred later. (hindawi.com)
  • In this report, we present a case of immediate CSF rhinorrhea and subsequent meningitis and pneumocephalus caused by nose picking, which resolved with conservative treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • Postnatally, infants may have associated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea and recurrent meningitis . (medscape.com)
  • CSF rhinorrhea places patients at risk of developing bacterial meningitis. (hindawi.com)
  • These are most commonly recurrent meningitis and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although patients present with recurrent meningitis , there will be a limited number of inflammatory cells in the cerebrospinal fluid, and this may indicate a less serious course of disease than one might expect. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Es recomendable incluir el adenoma hipofisario en el diagnóstico diferencial de la meningitis aunque su debut como abscesos intracraneales y trombosis del seno recto es extraordinario. (revistaneurocirugia.com)
  • Az aszcend l bakteri lis fert z s kapcs n kialakult meningitis szan l s t k vet en a beteget megoper lt k, front lis craniotomia ut n b zisrekonstrukci t v geztek. (elitmed.hu)
  • Plain high-resolution computed tomography sections through the sphenoid sinus showed a bone defect at the roof with CSF-density fluid extending into the sphenoid sinus. (erdogan.edu.tr)
  • The aim of this report is to investigate the pathogenesis and surgical treatment of encephalocele located in the sphenoid sinus and presented with spontaneous rhinorrhea. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The prespecified treatment algorithm with measuring the ICT at the same setting of the endoscopic repair has a better result for control of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. (scirp.org)
  • Conclusion: Endoscopic repair of CSF rhinorrhea utilizing the middle turbinate rotational flab provides a better field of vision , accurate positioning of the graft, safe and effective technique with preservation of nasal and neurological function. (ispub.com)
  • Lanza DC, O'Brien DA, Kennedy DW (1996) Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid fistulae and encephaloceles. (springermedizin.de)
  • cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose, usually due to skull fracture. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although the majority of cerebrospinal [CSF] fistulas in the anterior skull base are traumatic in nature , the minority is non-traumatic or primary. (bvsalud.org)
  • After definition of the anatomical landmarks of the feline skull, a bilateral transfrontal craniotomy allowed en bloc removal of the meningioma. (bioone.org)
  • A growing skull fracture (GSF) also known as a craniocerebral erosion or leptomeningeal cyst due to the usual development of a cystic mass filled with cerebrospinal fluid is a rare complication of head injury usually associated with linear skull fractures of the parietal bone in children under 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea occurs when a fistula is present between the dura and skull base, and it is also often caused by trauma [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The majority of cases of CSF rhinorrhea are the result of trauma or surgery involving the skull base. (hindawi.com)
  • The status of 37 children treated with cerebrospinal fluid shunts after delivery at term with overt hydrocephalus was evaluated after an average 6-year follow-up period. (thejns.org)
  • This type of hydrocephalus is caused by impaired re-absorption of the cerebrospinal fluid in the sagittal sinus of the brain. (wikihow.com)
  • This type of hydrocephalus is called communicating obstruction to the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid between the ventricles. (wikihow.com)
  • Detection of beta-2 transferrin in otorrhea and rhinorrhea in a routine clinical laboratory setting. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Confirm or exclude the presence of CSF in leaking fluid by means of an immunoelectrophoretic study of the fluid for beta-2 transferrin (B2Tr) or, where available, beta-trace protein. (medscape.com)
  • Beta-2 transferrin is the best test to evaluate and confirm for cerebrospinal fluid. (aaaai.org)
  • The abstract should appear as: Rationale: We report a rare case of Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (deepdyve.com)
  • The exact pathophysiology of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is not always understood in some patients. (scirp.org)
  • We prospectively managed patients with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea who were admitted to our hospital between 1st of January 2014 and 31st of December 2017 with a prespecified treatment algorithm. (scirp.org)
  • 41 patients, 35 females and 6 males, presented with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea with a mean BMI of 38 ± 4.16 Kg/m 2 . (scirp.org)
  • In this prospective study, all patients presented to the neurosurgery and ENT department at Cairo University hospitals between 1st of January 2014 and 31st of December 2017 with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea were included in the study. (scirp.org)
  • However, β2Tr is present in aqueous humor and in perilymph fluid and can be detected in serum, especially in chronic alcohol abusers and in patients with inborn errors of glycoprotein metabolism or genetic variants of transferrin ( 5 )( 6 ). (aaccjnls.org)
  • We therefore evaluated this assay with respect to its clinical utility in patients with suspected CSF rhinorrhea. (aaccjnls.org)
  • We then measured βTP in nasal secretions and sera of healthy adults (control group), in patients with suspected CSF rhinorrhea, and in patients on hemodialysis or with a reduced glomerular filtration rate. (aaccjnls.org)
  • It can have devastating complications in some patients, as the communication between the nasal cavity, the cerebrospinal fluid and the central nervous system can result in bacterial infections of the latter that can have catastrophic effects on the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • We describe the diagnosis , modified methods of localization , and surgical repair of a series of nine patients who presented with non-traumatic CSF rhinorrhea and were managed between July 2000 and October 2002. (bvsalud.org)
  • CSF rhinorrhea must be included in the differential diagnosis for patients with persistent nasal discharge or the diagnosis may be delayed. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients with septal hematomas, cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, malocclusion, or extraocular movement defects should be referred to a subspecialist. (aafp.org)
  • In this project we are collecting cerebrospinal fluid and blood from patients at Vanderbilt Medical Center who have a subarachnoid hemorrhage which has followed the rupture of a brain aneu. (bioportfolio.com)
  • a discharge of cerebrospinal fluid from the nose. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • rhinorrhea , nasal crusting, nasal pyramid collapse ("saddle" nose), pansinusitis, inner or media otitis, together with sensorineural deafness, paralysis, chronic mastoiditis with secondary facial nerve paralysis caused by the bone destruction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fluid leaking from the nose or external auditory canal must first be positively identified as CSF. (medscape.com)
  • Dr Singh was the Convener of the First World Congress of the Society of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) of the Nose and Airway (SCONA) in London, UK. (edu.au)
  • Other possible signs include a sensation of ear fullness and difficulty hearing, and the presence of a "halo" or "double ring" sign on bedsheets or on tissue used to collect fluid draining from the nose or ear. (arupconsult.com)
  • Acute posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • Spontaneous lateral sphenoid cerebrospinal fluid fistula: MRI diagnosis. (springermedizin.de)
  • Non-traumatic CSF rhinorrhea is a relatively rare condition and occurs secondary to different etiologies. (bvsalud.org)
  • The onset of non-surgical traumatic CSF rhinorrhea is variable. (ispub.com)
  • Diagnoses: Nasal fluid test, head computed tomography and Magnetic resonance cisternography showed findings suggestive of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (deepdyve.com)
  • Our study aimed to prospectively apply a prespecified treatment algorithm on spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea cases and to report their outcome. (scirp.org)
  • Seven had spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea, three were due to trauma and one iatrogenic, following surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • citation needed] Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is a rare clinical entity with increased risk of ascending infection. (hindawi.com)
  • however, spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is a rare clinical entity. (hindawi.com)
  • Kerr JT, Chu FW, Bayles SW (2005) Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: diagnosis and management. (springermedizin.de)
  • Surgical Treatment of Spontaneous and Traumatic Delayed Cerebrospinal Fluid(CSF) Rhinorrhea. (jkns.or.kr)
  • The fistulas causing the rhinorrhea were approached extracranially or intracranially, depending on the suspected cause and location. (nih.gov)
  • [ 5 , 6 ] With US scanning, the diagnosis is based on the herniation of a spherical, fluid-filled structure, more correctly diagnosed as a meningocele or brain parenchyma (encephalocele) beyond the calvarial confines. (medscape.com)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea associated with a far lateral temporal encephalocele--case report. (semanticscholar.org)
  • 1] To the best of our knowledge, clival dysplasia-caused CSF rhinorrhea has never been reported in the neurosurgical field.Conclusion:Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is often treated by surgery, and a transsphenoidal approach repair is the main surgical method used, offering the advantages of less trauma, fewer complications, rapid postoperative recovery, and low recurrence rate. (deepdyve.com)
  • The aim of this study was to summarize and analyze the outcomes of frontal sinus cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (FS-CSFR) treated by transnasal endoscopic and combined intra-extranasal approach. (scienceopen.com)
  • Intrathecal fluorescein (ITF) enhances detection of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CSFR). (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Otolaryngologists play a major role in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. (elsevier.com)
  • Hassani V, Alimian M, Farhadi M, Zaman B, Mohseni M. Surgeon Satisfaction During Endoscopic Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: A Comparison Between Propofol-Remifentanil and Isoflurane-Remifentanil Anesthesia, J Minim Invasive Surg Sci. (minsurgery.com)
  • Surgical Outcomes and Postoperative Management in Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea. (templehealth.org)
  • Wax MK, Ramadan HH, Ortiz O, Wetmore SJ (1997) Contemporary management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (springermedizin.de)
  • Lindstrom DR, Toohill RJ, Loehrl TA, Smith TL (2004) Management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: the Medical College of Wisconsin experience. (springermedizin.de)
  • Lateral 24-hour cranial scintigraphic image from a nuclear medicine cisternographic study in a patient with clinically evident right-sided cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, it can occur as a result of lumbar puncture of the spinal cord for withdrawing some amount of the cerebrospinal fluid for examination of a neurological disease. (wikihow.com)
  • Relationship between time related serum albumin concentration, optic nerve sheath diameter, cerebrospinal fluid pressure, and neurological prognosis in cardiac arrest survivors. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Most of the CSF rhinorrhea cases develop after an iatrogenic and accidental dura matter injury, although spontaneous and nontraumatic cases have been reported [1] [2]. (scirp.org)
  • INTRODUCTION: CSF rhinorrhea signifies a communication of the subarachnoid space with the exterior due to an opening in the dura mater and arachnoid mater coupled with an osseous defect. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea results from an abnormal communication of the dura mater to the nasal mucosa. (hindawi.com)
  • Aim of work: To evaluate endoscopic endonasal multilayer repair of CSF rhinorrhea of anterior and middle cranial fossae utilizing the vascularized middle turbinate rotational flap. (ispub.com)
  • The watery rhinorrhea persisted for the next 2 days, and the headache became intolerable. (hindawi.com)
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener granulomatosis) may present with nasal and sinus complaints of purulent rhinorrhea, septal perforations, and septal erosions. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, occurring in the absence of recent trauma, is a distinct clinical entity that can be difficult to diagnose and treat. (nih.gov)
  • Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is also a rare condition, and it is used to describe nasal discharge of CSF unrelated to previous trauma, localized tumour, surgery, or previous radiation therapy. (lapub.co.uk)
  • Intranasal examination may reveal fresh or old blood, septal hematoma, or cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (intelligentdental.com)
  • As previously mentioned, CSF rhinorrhea may occur if a communication exists between the middle ear space and the ET. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • [8] Rhinorrhea caused by these infections usually occur on circadian rhythms . (wikipedia.org)
  • Outcomes: No CSF rhinorrhea was observed after the surgery Lessons: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is a rare disease, which is usually caused by the combination of a pre-existing weakening of the meninges and sudden violence. (deepdyve.com)
  • There are both invasive and noninvasive methods for the detection of CSF rhinorrhea and their diagnostic utility has been well documented. (hindawi.com)
  • Coronal fast spin-echo T2-weighted image demonstrates herniation of meninges and brain tissue (arrows) with adjacent cerebrospinal fluid into the postmastoidectomy tegmen tympani defect. (medscape.com)
  • In this paper, we are highlighting the pathophysiology, diagnosis and surgical technique involved in the repair of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (elsevier.com)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is a very rare but almost always lethal maternal complication of late pregnancy . (healthtap.com)
  • A retrospective study conducted in the department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal is presented to highlight our experience with cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. (elsevier.com)
  • Anatomical abnormalities frequently present with obstruction, with rhinorrhea as a less prominent symptom. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Congenital obstruction to the foramina between the ventricles can cause also an obstruction to the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid. (wikihow.com)
  • Dilatation of the brain ventricles due to excessive amount of the cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles can be due to an obstruction to the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid between the ventricles. (wikihow.com)
  • Fluid and accelerated colonic transit, tored closely owing to relative obstruction of blood flow (eg. (goodbelly.com)